Albania officially known as The Nationalist Republic of Albania, (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë) is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast and east, and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 72 km (45 mi) from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which links the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea.

The Nationalist Republic of Albania
Republika Nacionaliste e Shqipërisë
OTL equivalent: The Albania, Republic of Kosovo, Republic of Macedonia, and Montenegro
Flag of Albania Coat of arms of Albania
Flag Coat of Arms
Map of Albania
Location of Albania

Vetëvendosja për patriotizmit etnik! (Albanian)
("Self-determination for ethnic patriotism")

Anthem "Himni i Flamurit"
Capital Tirana
Other cities Skopje, Pristina, Podgorica
  others Serbian and Macedonian
Shia Islam
  others Eastern Orthodox and Catholic
Demonym Albanian
Government Unitary Parliamentary Republic
  legislature Parliament
President Kreshnik Spahiu
Prime Minister Florin Krasniqi
Area 41,381 km²
Population 5,100,971 
Established March 20, 2004
Currency Lek (ALL)
Calling Code 355
Internet TLD .al
Organizations UN


The Dissolving Republic of Albania

The People's Republic was dissolved in 1991-92 after protests beginning in 1989 and reforms made by the communist government in 1990, and the Republic of Albania was founded. The Communists retained a stronghold in parliament after popular support in the elections of 1991. However, in March 1992, amid liberalisation policies resulting in economic collapse and social unrest, a new front led by the new Democratic Party took power. The economic crisis spread in late 1996 following the failure of some Ponzi schemes operating in the country, peaking in 1997 in an armed rebellion that led to another mass emigration of Albanians, mostly to Italy, Greece, Switzerland, Germany and North America. In 1999, the country was affected by the Kosovo War, when a great number of Albanians from Kosovo found refuge in Albania. Kosovo was also made up of over 90% of Albanians. Not all of those Albanians move out of Kosovo, but did want to be part of Albania somehow.

In 2001, just 2.5 years after the ending of the Kosovo War, protests appeared Pristina the Autonomous Nation's capital. The Serbian government sent out Riot Police who threw tear gas bombs and shot rubber bullets at the protesters. The protests in the war torn city spread farther throughout the Autonomous Nation and even in southern Serbia. A Nationalist Radical Group called Vetëvendosje! was behind all the protests. Vetëvendosje! - meant self-determination in Albanian and not only was a radical group, but eventually became a party in Albania, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and even Serbia.

The Albanian Ethnic War (2002- 2006)

By 2002, Montenegro's Vetëvendosje! Party got so big that the country eventually cut ties with Yugoslavia and its union with Serbia. Montenegro wanted to be part of Albania. 53% of Montenegrins speak Albanian and live mostly on the east side of the country. And on February 2, 2002, the country held a referendum to vote on whether to be an independent nation or to join Albania. The voting caused clashes between the voters who wanted to be sovereign and the voters who wanted to be part of Albania. Over 450 people were killed throughout the day beaten to death, shot to death, and over 1,000 were injured. Albania eventually sent in military to Eastern Montenegro and Serbia sent in military to {Western Montenegro. The country was landlocked and divided within days.

The Western Montenegrins ended up clashing with the Serbian army because they didn't want to be part of Serbia in the first place. Eventually Bosnia and Herzegovina sent in military during March of 2002 to settle all of the sides down. And on April 1, 2002, Bosnia and Herzegovina and the United Nations proposed the Treaty of Sarajevo for Nationalist leaders in Montenegro to sign, as well as, the leaders of Serbia and Albania.

The Treaty of Sarajevo proposed the idea for Eastern Montenegro to still join Albania, and Western Montenegro to join Bosnia and Herzegovina as a High Ranked Autonomous State until 2020 when they can become independent. Since the capital of Montenegro was on the western side, they wanted to make sure they can develop a more centralized government on the eastern side with the United Nations. This treaty took weeks to sign because Serbia still recognized Montenegro part of their country and they would get nothing out of the treaty. Accepting that they still have Kosovo and Southern Serbia for now, they would be the last ones to sign the treaty on May 5, 2002.

Shortly after the signing of The Treaty of Sarajevo, the Vetëvendosje! Party was at it again in Kosovo. This was what Serbia and even the United Nations was worried about. The Albanian majority in the Kosovo could spark another Kosovo War. 92% of the Kosovar people are Albanian. And of 80% of them are for joining Albania just like the Eastern Montenegrins. On July 4, 2002, almost twp months after the Treaty of Sarajevo, Serbia sent in military this time to Kosovo. And it was more violent. The Serbian Military invaded Pristina and started bombing the city. Pristina and Kosovo again started looking like a battleground. Albania then talked to the UN about bombing Belgrade or a major city in Serbia so they stop bombing Pristina, but the UN backed down.

Over a year and a half go by, and over 25,000 people are dead in Kosovo because of the Serbian military. Many of the citizens in Albania were outraged because the Albanian Government, the United Nations, and even the United States did not do anything. In 2004, a referendum was held in Albania to oust the President Alfred Moisiu. Moisiu had only been in office for a little over a year. He wasn't even part of signing the Treaty of Sarajevo. He promised many Albanians that a "Greater Albania" would come, but never kept his promise.

After Moisiu was ousted, an election for a new President would happen immediately. And the ultra nationalist Vetëvendosje! Party would get it's chance to run for a majority in Parliament and a President for the first time. At this time, the Vetëvendosje! Party was bigger than ever. In the middle of Tirana the capital of Albania on Election Day, there were over 70,000 people in the city center waiting for the election results.

At 5pm on a cold February 17th afternoon in the center of Tirana, the whole crowd cheered as the first member of the Vetëvendosje! Party to become president was announced. Isa Mustafa and his running mate Florin Krasniqi were the new President and Prime Minister of Albania. Isa Mustafa stepped up to a podium in the middle of the central square in Albania and stated "A Greater Albania will come in the near future. All Albanians will be united. No Albanians shall be under a government that is ruled by a Serb Minority". Obviously in that part of the speech he was talking about the Kosovar Albanian people and how they are controlled by Serbs. "Our family should never be slaughtered because they want to unify with this nation. Albanians and any race or ethnicity in this situation should have a choice!". The crowd roared and the Albanian Ethnic War was just beginning.

Just two weeks later, after his election into office, Isa Mustafa proposed a plan to Parliament to unite all Albanians in the Balkans. In this proposal, it included the union of Kosovo and Albania, and Western Macedonians which were also in high Albanian ethnic majority. Much of the Western Media found out about this and claimed it was ethnic cleansing like what the Serbs and Croats were doing to the Bosniaks. Mustafa's point was that the Serbs had a less majority compared to what the Albanians had. Which was a true fact. In places that Serbia took over in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian population is at 30% compared to a 60-70% Bosniak majority. Isa Mustafa then in April of 2004, met with President George W. Bush of the United States. Mustafa stated that the United States has another war in Iraq and Afghanistan to worry about. Mustafa convinced the United States to veto any proposals that the UN Security Council makes in bombing any city in Albania. With Isa Mustafa's diplomatic skills, he was able to one on one convince the United States to back off. This gave Isa Mustafa the green light to create the "Greater Albania".

On June 22, 2004, the Albanian Military was sent to Kosovo. Isa Mustafa stated "The situation the Serbian Military is creating is an inhumane genocide. Just of what they did during the slaughtering of Bosniaks and Kosovar people in the Kosovo War in the late 90s". The Albanian Military got aid from countries like Italy and Turkey who looked at the statistics and both agreed that Kosovar Albanians should be united with Albanians in a "Greater Albania". The Serbian Government in Belgrade their capital was outraged. Eventually, even the Southern part of Serbia above Kosovo wanted to united with Albania. It just seemed more and more that Serbia was starting to break up.

Not only the Albanian military went into Kosovo and Southern Serbia, but also in Western Macedonia. In their capital at the time Skopje, there were also many Albanians protesting to unify with Albania. Macedonia was also beginning to fall apart. By 2005, Albania had its military in all of its neighboring countries except for Greece. In Northern Greece, there was also a high population if Albanians. But, the Vetëvendosje! Party never was really that popular there. Many people in Northern Greece didn't mind being part of Albania but since most of it was mountainous and more on the countryside. Many Albanian Greeks weren't aware.

By the end of 2005, over 100,000 people have died in the Albanian Ethnic War. Now stretching for over three years, Isa Mustafa wanted to make an agreement with Greece and Serbia. He then wrote a proposal to end the war in the Balkans. Leaders from all three countries met in Athens. The Athens Agreement would be a treaty to end all military action in Kosovo, Serbia, Macedonia, and Northern Greece. In exchange for Northern Greek cities like Ioannina and Gjirocaster, Albania would give up Saranda which had 75% Greek majority. Greece was willing to agree with those terms and signed their part of the Athens Agreement. Albania wanted more from Serbia. Isa Mustafa stated that Kosovo, Southern Serbia, and Western Macedonia shall be part of Albania in exchange for Eastern Macedonia. Again, Serbia was cautious in signing the agreement like before with Montenegro. But this time they were at least getting some land out of it. Anyway, much of Eastern Macedonia had a Serb majority population. On January 6, 2006, the Athens agreement was fully signed and a "Greater Albania" became true.



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