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State of Alabama
Alabama 1861 Obverse Great Seal of The State of Alabama
Flag of Alabama Seal of Alabama
Nickname(s): Yellowhammer State; Heart of Dixie; Cotton State
Motto(s): Audemus jura nostra defendere
Alabama
Official language(s) English
Capital Montgomery
Largest City Birmingham
Largest Metro Area Greater Birmingham Area
Area  Ranked 12th in the C.S.
 - Total 52,419 sq mi
(135,765 km²)
 - Width 190 miles (306 km)
 - Length 330 miles (531 km)
 - % water 3.2
 - Latitude 30° 11′ N to 35° N
 - Longitude 84° 53′ W to 88° 28′ W
Population  10th in the C.S.
 - Total (2000) 4,661,90
 - White (Citizens)
 - Slaves
 - Non-White
 - Density 84.83/sq mi 
33.84/km² (11th in the C.S.)
Elevation  
 - Highest point Mount Cheaha
2,413 ft  (734 m)
 - Mean 499 ft  (152 m)
 - Lowest point Gulf of Mexico
0 ft  (0 m)
Confederate Admission  February 8th, 1861 (4th)
Old Union Admission  December 14, 1819 (22nd)
Governor Robert R. Riley (W)
C.S. Senators Richard Shelby (D)

Jeff Sessions (D)

C.S. Representatives 5 Democrats, 2 Whigs
Time Zone UTC-6/-5
Abbreviations AL CS-AL

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