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|32nd President of the United States|
February 16, 1937 – October 12, 1942
|Vice President||Henry A. Wallace|
|Preceded by||Herbert Hoover|
|Succeeded by||Henry A. Wallace|
|Governor of New York|
January 1, 1933 – December 31, 1936
|Succeeded by||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Mayor of New York City|
January 1, 1922 – December 31, 1929
|Preceded by||John F. Hylan|
|Succeeded by||James Farley|
|Born|| Alfred Emanuel Smith|
December 30, 1873
New York City
|Died|| October 12, 1942 (aged 68)|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Alfred Emanuel "Al" Smith (December 30, 1873 – October 12, 1942) was the 32nd President of the United States and also served as Governor of New York and Mayor of New York City. Smith, a Socialist, was known for being a staunch leader of the Efficiency Movement and strictly anti-prohibition. He would also become the nation's first Catholic President.
Smith originally sought the 1928 and 1932 Socialist presidential nominee, however was narrowly defeated by Vice President, and later President, Allan L. Benson. Smith successfully secured the nomination in 1936 and overwhelmingly defeated incumbent Herbert Hoover. Under his first term as President, he was able to improve the stagnant economy and improve American infrastructure across the entire nation, however managed to keep the U.S. isolationist during the early stages of the war in Europe. Smith successfully won his second term in 1940.
Due to the threat of Sam Rayburn's Confederacy, President Smith was forced to expand the U.S. armed forces and cut funding to several of his public works. Smith held a stiff ground against the demands and urges of C.S. President Rayburn and British Prime Minister Oswald Mosley, who continuously made territorial demands from the U.S. (such as the new southern portion of Appalachia and the American-occupied Bermuda). However, with war breaking out in Europe, Smith knew that North America would soon see another conflict.
The war, however, began to cause Smith's health to deteriorate, with the president suffering a cerebral hemorrhage and passing on October 12, 1942. Historians generally rate Smith as one of America's greatest presidents alongside his Vice President, and later President, Henry A. Wallace.
Mayor of New York City
Governor of New York (1932–36)
With his success as the Mayor of New York City, Smith tried his hand at becoming the state's governor in 1932 and successfully won.
Election of 1936
- Main article: United States presidential election, 1936
Al Smith, riding high on his popularity as Governor of New York, decided to begin his own presidential campaign in 1935 for the next year's election, capitalizing New York's economic stability during his tenure as governor. Smith immediately became the Socialist front-runner, however was plagued by anti-Catholic sentiment from Democrats and Socialists alike.
Smith managed to convince Franklin D. Roosevelt to drop out of the race and run for Governor of New York in exchange for political support in both campaigns.
Outbreak of War
The war had taken a significant toll on Smith's health