Alternate History

Al-Andalus (Muslim World)

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خلافة قرطبة (Arabic)
Khilafat Qurṭuba (Mozarabic)
Califato de Córdoba (Spanish)

Caliphate of Córdoba
Timeline: Muslim World

OTL equivalent: most of the Iberian Peninsula
Banner Al Andalus Marinid emblem of Morocco
Flag of Al-Andalus after the Muladi Revolt Emblem of Al-Andalus after the Marinids took control over the nation.
Caliphate of Córdoba Muslim World
the Caliphate of Cordoba in green.

Allahu Akbar (Arabic For)
("God is the Greatest")

Anthem "Mawtini"
Capital Córdoba
Largest city Seville
Other cities Granada, Gibraltar, Toledo, Madrid, Lisbon, Tangir, Zaragoza, many others
Mozarabic, Spanish
  others Catalan, Portuguese
Western Euro-Islam
  others Roman Catholicism, Judaism
Ethnic Groups
  others Arabic
Demonym Andalusi
Government Monarchy
Caliph Abd al-Haqq V
  Royal House: Marinid Dynasty
Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Area 600,000 
Population 69,000,000 
Established 1501
Independence from Abbasid Caliphate
  declared 736
  recognized 751
Currency Andalusi Dinar
Time Zone UTC +1
  summer UTC +2
Internet TLD .aa
Calling Code +34
Organizations Iberian Union

The Caliphate of Córdoba (Arabic: خلافة قرطبة , Mozarabic: Khilafat Cortuba, Spanish: Califato de Córdoba,commonly known as Al-Andalus) is a nation in Western Europe.


Hispania was the first region on Europe that fell under the Islamic rule, when Tariq ibn Ziyad, leading an Arabic army, defeated the Visigothic leader Rodrigo in the Battle of Guadalete. By 715, most of Hispania was under Muslim hands, and the capital of the new province or emirate was established at Sevilla and later at more inland Cordoba.

In 732, the Umayyad Caliphate used Al-Andalus as the center of the Islamic attacks on the Franks. Two years later, Aachen fell under Islamic forces, ending the Kingdom of the Franks and starting large-scale Islamic domination over the European continent.

In April 21st of 735, the Umayyad Caliphate collapsed after a Persian revolt which established the Abbasid Caliphate, occupying all lands. The following year, the last two Umayyad survivors reach Al-Andalus, and declared themselves an independent Caliphate based on Cordoba.

This new caliphate, controlling all of Western Europe, soon started breaking from the Sunni religion which the Umayyads considered "treacherous and impure" now that the Abbasids were the official Sunni caliphs. Adopting several Christian and Jewish values and secularizing slightly, the Umayyad Caliphate established the foundations to what was to become Euro-Islam, the most liberal and secular of the Islamic sects.

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