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The aftermath of World War I saw drastic political, cultural, and social change across Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, and even in areas that did not participate in the conflict. Three empires collapsed due to the war (France, Austria-Hungary, and Russia), old countries abolished, new ones were formed, boundaries were redrawn, international organizations were established, and many new and old ideologies took a firm hold in people's minds.
World War I also had the effect of bringing political transformation to Germany and the United Kingdom by bringing near-universal suffrage to these two European powers, turning them into mass electoral democracies for the first time in history.
Treaty of Munich
After the Berlin Peace Conference of 1919, the signing of the Treaty of Munich on 28 June 1919, between Austria-Hungary, France, and the United Kingdom on the one side and Germany, Italy, the United States, and other minor allied powers on the other, officially ended war between those countries. Included in the 720 articles of the Treaty of Munich were the demands that Austria-Hungary officially accept responsibility for starting the war and pay economic reparations (along with France and Britain). The treaty drastically limited the Entente military machines: Troops were reduced to 150,000 and the countries were prevented from possessing major military armaments such as tanks, warships and submarines.