Afghan Democratic Republic was a short-lived socialist republic established in the northern provinces of Afghanistan that lasted from 1923 to 1925. It had military and economical aid from the Turkestan SU until 1925.
Its dismissal marked the end of direct intervention in Afghanistan and Iran of the socialist states in their attempts to spread revolution. The Treaty of Recognition (1929) signed between Iran, Federation of Socialist Republics and Turkestan SU marked the end of military interventions and formal diplomatic recognition of the latter two.
A similar state was established in north western Iran (Persian People's Republic).
Revolution and Proclamation of a Worker's and Peasant's State
In 1923 an Afghan Revolutionary Committee (Afghan RevKom), in Kunduz proclaimed a socialist republic. Turkestan swiftly proceed to recognized it has the sole representative of Afghanistan and provided military support.
The Volunteer Revolutionary Militia for Afghanistan, was created not only has a military group but has the basis for training and assisting a future afghan army. The Afghan Revolutionary Liberation Army was created in 1924. The Afghan RevKom at the end of 1923 controlled most of the northern provinces.
The Afghan RevKom organized the Worker's and Peasant's Democratic Party )(WPDP) as its political vehicle and recruitment center.
Beginning in 1924 the RevKom was organized internally with a Council of Commissioners as its government body and Revolutionary Council elected by local revolutionary committees from candidates presented by the WPDP.