Afghan civil war

March 9, 1994


November 21, 1995 (armistice signed)




Afghani victory


Flag of Afghanistan (1987–1992) Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
Supported by
Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flag of Cuba Cuba
Flag of India India
Flag of Iran Iran (rumored)

Flag of Jihad Mujahideen:

  • Harakat-e-Islami
  • Hezb-i-Islami
  • al-Qaeda
  • Hezbe Wahdat
  • Jamiat-e-Islami
  • Hezbollah-e-Afghanistan
  • Ittehad-i-Islami
  • Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam

Supported by
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Flag of the United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
Flag of the United States United States


Flag of Afghanistan (1987–1992) Mohammad Najibullah
Flag of Afghanistan (1987–1992) Abdul Rashid Dostum
Flag of Afghanistan (1987–1992) Ahmad Shah Massoud

Flag of Jihad Gulbuddin Hekmatyar
Flag of Jihad Abdul Ali Mazari
Flag of JihadKarim Khalili




Casualties and Losses



The Afghan Civil War took place from March 1994 to November 1995 between the communist government of Afghanistan and the Islamic Jihadist groups of the Mujahideen. The war started after a protest by Majahideen protestors turned violent on March 9. The Soviet Union, being a strong ally of the communist government of Afghanistan began aiding the country in the time of the civil war. The Soviet General Secretary Gennady Yanayev publicly supported the Afghan government after a terrorist attack on a Soviet outpost in the Tajik SSR killing 25 Soviets. The tensions of the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union heated up ever so slightly as no one in the west took a real caring for the Soviet intervention. The United States did support the Majahideen forces, however.

At the end of the war Afghani forces held off the Majahideen, forcing the two sides to agree to an armistice, just keeping the communist country alive after the brink of collapse. After the armistice was signed, the country was and still is in divide; In the Pashtuni region of the country, politics there are dominated by the Mujahideen while the capitol is still controlled by the communist government.

About a year after the Civil War on June 2, 1995, rebels detonated a car bomb just outside the Soviet embassy in Kabul killing 17 Afghan and Soviet citizens. The Mujahideen denied that this was an attack by their forces