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March 11th - Following the secession of seven states from the Union, in the halls of Montgomery, Alabama, the Confederate States of America is formally established. Jefferson Davis, a distinguished commander from the Mexican-American war is elected President, and begins to build a new nation.
April 12th - With months of tumultuous argument and negotiation, P.G.T Beauregard, using cadets from the Citadel Military Academy, fires upon the fort beginning the War Between the States. Abraham Lincoln calls for 75,000 more volunteers, prompting the secession of Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina and Virginia.
June 3rd - George B. McClellan, a flamboyant Union general routs a small Confederate detachment in Western Virginia. Despite the small scale of the skirmish, the battle served as intense propaganda for a swift capture of Richmond, while resulting in the secession of West Virginia from Virginia.
July 21st - With the Union victory a month earlier, Irvin McDowell launches an expedition to Richmond. However, the inexperienced troops were met with stiff Confederate opposition. Using Johnston's tactics, and Beauregard's zeal, the Union troops are routed back to Washington. The Confederates won their first major victory, in the First Battle of Manassas.
August 10th - With the victory out east in Manassas, the west was also with another Confederate victory. The Missouri State Guard, alongside the Confederate military under Sterling Price rout the Union Army in the Battle of Wilson's Creek, taking control of southwestern Missouri.
Fall 1861 - Confederates win a series of small battles in Kentucky, allowing them to control southern Kentucky.
February 1862 - General Ulysses S. Grant, following a siege takes Fort Donelson, giving the Union control over the Cumberland River and Western Tennessee.
March 1862 - In the Battle of Pea Ridge, Confederate Earl Van Dorn was defeated, and withdrew his troops from the area, ending Confederate control of Missouri.
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April 6-7 - Following the Union control of the Cumberland River, newly appointed General, and mentor of Jefferson Davis; Albert Sidney Johnston takes control of the newly formed Army of Mississippi. With 44,000 men, he launches a surprise attack on the Union garrison in Pittsburgh landing, flanking the Union positions, and forcing them across the river, ending with a night assault on the Union positions, routing the Union forces, and inflicting detrimental casualties upon the Union garrisons, almost wholly destroying them. However, Johnston suffered 10,000 casualties in one day, and despite the Union suffering far worse, Johnston's fresh troops are in inadequate condition to attack the reinforced troops under Don Carols Buell. Johnston retreats to Corinth, Mississippi. Ulysses S. Grant has his position terminated, and among the dead was William Tecumseh Sherman, chivalrously leading a counterattack, and nearly overwhelming the Confederate attack, before being shot by a Confederate sharpshooter, leading his men into mass-retreat.
April-May - With inadequate defenses, the city of New Orleans is sized by Union forces. However, Confederate high command, under A.S Johnston plans a retaking of a city, to detach John C. Breckinridge's men, and accompany them with the few steam ships available down the Mississippi to retake the city, while simultaneously launching an assault into Kentucky to overstretch Union forces.
April-May - Henry Halleck, losing Grant, moves to Corinth at a very slow pace, and allows cavalry to quickly make out Halleck's military units, three Union armies, one of which was heavily damaged moving at an incredibly slow pace towards Corinth, fortifying after each day of marching. A.S Johnston, seeing an opportunity, decides to use his 65,000 men, alongside Nathan Bedford Forrest's cavalry to attack the three armies separately.
April 28th - While Don Carols Buell's Army of Tennessee was slowly moving to Corinth, A.S Johnston leads another attack on the right flank of the army as it was stopping following two divisions colliding into each other. The disorganized Union troops were easily overwhelmed by the Army of Mississippi. The Army of the Ohio was sent retreating to the Army of the Tennessee, now personally lead by Halleck. Forrest was sent to harass and report on the movements of the retreating army.
May 2nd-5th - The Army of the Ohio reaches the Army of the Tennessee, and just as Johnston intended, he once again attacks them, this time from the center and the right. The two damaged armies, battered and demoralized largely ran from the onslaught of 60,000 Confederate soldiers. Finally, the center assault pushed through, after an artillery barrage from the left high ground, and the two armies were pushed back north. However, three days were squandered defeating the army, and the Confederates suffered some 5600 dead, and some 8000 more wounded or missing. The Confederate Army was now reduced to some 40,000 men, roughly the same size as the Union Army of Mississippi.
May 9th - As some may expect, the Union Army of Mississippi successfully reached Corinth, and took it without opposition. Though the tactical objective of defeating the Union advance was achieved, the strategic goal of protecting Corinth failed. Johnston, knowing that the two armies he defeated are far from destroyed, and understanding that a Siege of Corinth would be a squandering of resources moves to Tupelo, and then Middle Tennessee to prepare for an invasion of Kentucky, while simultaneously detaching 7000 men under Breckinridge to retake New Orleans, with the CSS Arkansas.
Late May-Early June - Confederate General Stonewall Jackson decides to launch a valley campaign, to distract Union forces and overstretch them. Though some battles were tactically cumbersome, Jackson effectively removes the Union from the valley, and would later return for the Seven Days Battles.
Late June - Following the wounding of Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston in the Battle of Seven Pines, General Robert E. Lee takes over command of the Army of Northern Virginia and audaciously repels Union forces from the Virginia Peninsula in what would be called the Seven Days Battles.
August 6th - In the Battle of Baton Rouge, Breckinridge carefully maneuvers his troops to be avoided by Union sentries, and surprises the Union forces, quickly inflicting damage upon the Union Army. With the timely arrival of the Arkansas, the Union forces were forced to retreat.
August 10th - The Arkansas steams down the Mississippi with Breckinridge, and soon reaches New Orleans. Despite the Arkansas having mechanical failures mid-battle, it continued to slowly flow down the river and fire upon both Union infantry and Union gunships, until the seamen were forced to abandon ship. However, the Confederate troops under Breckinridge were able to acquire various batteries from the Union, and from various armories in Louisiana, allowing for a continued control of New Orleans. However, many riverfront areas of New Orleans were damaged as stray shots from Union cannons burned down various areas of it.
August 28-30th - Emboldened by the Seven Days Battles, Lee once again ventures into Northern Virginia, and in the Second Battle of Manassas, John Pope launched an attack upon Confederate positions with false intelligence, resulting in a massive counterattack by James Longstreet, defeating the Union Army, and almost wholly destroying it. The rousing Confederate victory results in European powers looking to recognize the Confederacy.
September 19th - Following the Second Battle of Manassas, Lee launches an incursion upon Maryland. At its beginning, the Union forces had trouble making out the position of the Confederate Army, before a Special Order under Lee was dropped, and picked up by the Union Army, resulting in the Battle of Antietam. Antietam was a sanguinary battle that became one of the deadliest days in the war. Though it was tactically inconclusive, Lee retreated back to Virginia.
September 20th - One day after the Battle of Antietam, A.S Johnston, with 50,000 concentrated men launch an incursion into eastern Kentucky, to threaten Indiana and Ohio. Johnston stops by various Kentucky towns and cities to make rousing speeches, and encourages Kentuckites to join his army. He also avoids incurring damage upon civilian property, to boost the image of the Confederate Army. Meanwhile, Forrest's Cavalry, alongside Patrick Cleburne's division were deployed to take Lexington, while Johnston sets up headquarters in Somerset.
September 21st-25th - As Cleburne marches to Lexington, he usually stops by plantations, and other centers of production for resupply and rest. Yet, when he does, he always attempts to purchase the slaves from their masters, so that they can increase the size of his Division. Eventually, two Negro Regiments were recruited, with some masters even donating their slaves to Cleburne's Division. This was with a mixed response from Confederate High Command. While some lauded his innovative plan to use untapped resources of manpower, others viewed it as unnecessary.
September 26th - Cleburne reaches Lexington, with Forrest having cleared it of any Union partisan forces. However, his occupation was of grave concern to the Union, and Don Carlos Buell, with 20,000 men, were deployed to deal with Cleburne.
September 28th - Buell reaches Lexington, well to the knowledge of Cleburne. Cleburne deliberately didn't attack Buell, and allowed him to attack the city so that an image of the Confederacy defending Kentucky can be conjured. Cleburne entrenches his troops outside the city, and to the surprise of some, Cleburne turns out to be a shrewd tactician, with his use of terrain and cavalry. This inspired many from Lexington to join Cleburne's Division, and many more brigades were formed in the process. Forrest also gained great reputation in the Battle of Lexington, charging his cavalry into a Union frontal assault on Cleburne's entrenchments, where he, himself killed dozens of Union soldiers, and came out of the battle with a few scars, but also with the head of a Union general. Though many were petrified by his barbarous murder of many Union soldiers, including those who surrendered to him, he was glamorized for his valor. At the end of the day, Cleburne's 15,000 men were able to fend off 22,000 men. Buell suffered 7000 casualties, while Cleburne suffered 3,500. The First Battle of Lexington has ended, and Buell has retreated some five miles from the city, though he is in a position to re-attack the city.
October 3rd - Buell, with reinforcements once again attacks the reinforced, and well-provisioned Cleburne Division. Many citizens, upon seeing the capacity of Cleburne's division joined it. Now numbering at some 10,000 men, with Buell at 16,000. Buell launches the same plan as before, a frontal assault, but this time with heavy artillery supporting their positions. Cleburne, knowing the superiority of Union artillery dispatches Forrest to keep the artillery at bay, and also destroy them if possible. Cleburne then divides his men into two, and plans to charge the Union positions at their flanks, to overwhelm them. As the Union troops arrive outside the city, they see empty Confederate entrenchments, before two waves of Confederates attack them from the flanks. The surprised Union Army was pushed back, and the Confederates re-occupy the entrenchments, before firing upon them. As the Union launches a counteroffensive, Bragg and Hardee arrive with reinforcements. The Union forces, now overwhelmed are almost wholly defeated. The Confederates successfully defended Lexington, and it becomes the new headquarters for A.S Johnston.
October 10th - With Cleburne defending two waves of Union assaults, he is given Corps Command. The Army of the Mississippi is now in three corps: The First Corps under Bragg, the Second Corps under Breckenridge (given in absentia, temporarily to Hardee), and the Third Corps under Cleburne. The new Confederate goal is to establish a front on the Ohio. Meanwhile, Breckinridge's Louisiana command is given to John C. Pemberton as he is sent to command the Second Corps.
November 5th - At this day, Louisville was captured by Confederate forces, and a front on the Ohio was established. Johnston plans to invade Indiana simultaneously as Lee invades Pennsylvania to end the war.
December 13th - Following a series of Union defeats, Lincoln dispatches successful General Ambrose E. Burnside to attack Fredericksburg. However, Burnside was unable and unwilling to adapt to river levels, and other natural conditions, resulting in a tremendous failure for the Union, with many killed at Marye's Heights. They soon retreated across the Rappahannock, and this ended any hope of a quick advance upon Richmond.
January 15th - After some great consideration, Union forces, numbering at 51,000 decide to launch an incursion upon Louisville to retake the city. While initially successful in causing a retreat, the retreat was calculated, and largely unbattered, organized troops conflagrated east of the city, and launched a counteroffensive, while Forrest was sent to cut off the retreat of the Union troops. While the strategic goal was achieved, the 49,000 Confederate troops suffered 17,000 casualties, 5000 of which were outright killed in retaking the city, a bloody cost, and even worse for the numerically inferior Confederate Army, considering the 11,000 casualties suffered by the Union Army. However, Forrest's crossing of the Ohio River caused the retreating Union Army to panic, and Johnston decides to launch a seemingly reckless charge across the Ohio. The charge was with moderate success, causing the Union forces to fall back, but it came with a further 3000 casualties. When the Army of Mississippi retreated back to Louisville, it came with almost 50% casualties. As one resident wrote "Our streets were dyed with the crimson red blood of the rebels, as many a limped, crawled, and stumbled back into our cities, the carnage of this rupture was clear, the sight of missing arms, legs and eyes were not uncommon". However, the sacrifice made by the Confederate soldiers led to further sympathy for them, as many more Kentuckians went to Louisville to join the army.
February 1st - Ulysses S. Grant, after pleading with President Lincoln was finally re-commissioned in the army as brevet Major General. Though Grant wished to return out west, Lincoln assigned him with a seemingly impossible task: to invade North Carolina from both the coast and Western Virginia, isolate Virginia, and starve the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia to death. Grant accepts the deal, and immediately begins his plan to invade North Carolina.
March 25th - Grant, after a month of planning and organization, leads detachments of the Army of the Potomac, and also fresh recruits to invade North Carolina. He splits his new army: The Army of the James into two. One is named the Army of Cape Fear, and the other is named the Army of the Kanawha. When the Army of Cape Fear lands in northern North Carolina, with 17,000 men, a small amount of 4000 Confederates attempted to defend the city, but were quickly overwhelmed, and largely captured and sent to Union prisons. Grant then, using Washington as a base of operations, marches inland.
April 3rd - Following a short march, and a small battle, Grant successfully takes Greenville, after confusing the Confederate Army with sporadic picket advances, before sending 2000 men to launch an attack on one side, and quickly deploying 15,000 to the other. The battle ended with Greenville being completely taken, and a small detachment of 7000 Confederates to Raleigh.
April 15th - As Grant moves farther inland, the Army of the Kanawha, led by Irvin McDowell moves from West Virginia to North Carolina.
April 30th - After a two-week march, McDowell seizes the town of Mt. Airy in North Carolina. This would serve as a base for farther inland operations in North Carolina.
April 30th-May 2nd - Knowing that it is a matter of time before the Union forces isolate Virginia from the rest of the Confederacy, Robert E. Lee decides to attack the current Army of the Potomac led by Joseph Hooker. In the Battle of Chancellorsville, Lee outmaneuvers Hooker, and soon, Hooker was forced back up north. Lee, sensing an opportunity, decides to plan an invasion of the north.
May 3rd - Henry Halleck, after replenishing troops from his disastrous campaign in Mississippi the year before decides to advance farther down the Mississippi, and hopefully retake New Orleans, with his 80,000 men. Departing from Corinth, Halleck marches farther down the State of Mississippi, with Louisiana in concern.
May 7th - News of Halleck once again attempting to take the Mississippi River reaches General Pemberton, who decides to organize a force to counter the incoming attack from Halleck. Acquiring 25,000 men, Pemberton is made leader of the Army of Louisiana, and is sent to defend Northern Mississippi. Knowing that Halleck greatly outnumbers him, Pemberton decides to organize delaying actions, instead of engaging in all-out battle.
May 24th - The only exception to Pemberton's plan is the Battle of Tupelo, where Pemberton failed to spread out his troops, resulting in an attack by Halleck. Tupelo was evacuated, following Pemberton's futile attempt to defend the city with everything he has. Pemberton suffered 2500 casualties, and was continued to be viewed in suspicion as a result of his northern birth.
June 20th - Following a string of Confederate victories in the valley, the Army of Northern Virginia, numbering at 75,000 crosses the Potomac and into the north. They quickly take Hagerstown, Maryland, and set course for Chanbersburg.
June 25th - Lee, after a week of marching, reaches Chambersburg, while Stuart helps Lee screen for any incoming troops. Lee, now confident in taking the federal capital, decides to send Jackson's wing of the Army, followed by Longstreet's to take southeastern Pennsylvania, and if practicable, take Washington.
July 1st - the first units of Jackson's forces arrive at Gettysburg, and soon overwhelm the Federal Forces with precision, driving the Union back to the southern part of Gettysburg. Taking Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill, albeit with heavy casualties, Jackson receives reinforcements throughout the night, and stations then at Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill for the oncoming battle.
July 2nd - Longstreet, after receiving reports from Stuart of heavily entrenched forces on the two round tops decides to not launch a direct assault, but to launch an attack to the rear of the Union. This is of course, with a distraction, where Hood's division did launch a false direct attack on the round tops, to direct their attention, while Longstreet swings backwards, and attacks the hill from the southeast and east, with Hood launching another attack from the west. Meanwhile, Jackson launches an attack on Cemetery Ridge from its front and right flanks, while remaining forces hold back Slocum, Howard and Sedgwick's corps, with an inverted "V" formation, stretching along Baltimore Pike, with its apex at Power's Hill, before stretching the other side of the V along Culp's hill to prevent them from aiding Hancock's corps. While the attack on Cemetery Ridge wasn't successful, Meade, knowing that Hancock cannot hold back the Confederates retreats his forces to around the round tops.
July 3rd - With the Union concentrated around the round tops, the Confederates surround it, and launch attacks on the entrenched round tops. George Meade, knowing that his army will not function successfully without communication or supplies attempts a breakout of Round Top. The Confederates allow it, and summarily takes the round tops, inflicting casualties upon the Union forces, which retreat out of Gettysburg. Lee, upon viewing his 30,000 casualties, and the potential jeopardization of
July 29th - Following the Confederate victory at Gettysburg, which reportedly has gotten George Meade under arrest, a Confederate government was setup in Maryland, being temporarily headquartered in Hagerstown.
August 1st - The past few months have seen U.S Grant and his army successfully lead raids into North Carolina, yet one junction remains critical to the survival of Virginia: Raleigh. Without the city under Union control, supplies can still flow to Virginia, thereby ensuring the supply of Confederate units in the state, allowing for another invasion of the North. Both Confederate high command and Ulysses S. Grant realizes this issue, and as such, P.G.T Beauregard, using newly raised troops from the Carolinas, alongside John Bell Hood's division in the Army of Northern Virginia were dispatched to defend Raleigh, as Grant works on building his supply base in North Carolina, which is constantly subject to volatility and Confederate cavalry raids.
August 12th - By rail, both Beauregard's Army of the Carolinas, and Hood's division occupy and entrench in North Carolina. Hood's Division technically remains an independent command, though is de facto subject to orders from Beauregard, to Hood's chagrin. When Beauregard arrives, he immediately constructs fortifications similar to those he build in Charleston, in order to delay the Union forces, and to wear them out.
August 17th - After hearing about the arrival of 40,000 Confederate troops in Raleigh, Grant begins to besiege the city, attempting to first move McDowell's larger forces to attack Raleigh from the west. Beauregard decides to take his First Corps to defend the western part of the city. When McDowell arrives, he decides to launch a concentrated attack on the I Corps of the Army of Carolina. However, the I Corps had exited their entrenchments, and took control of the high bluffs to the west of Raleigh, with most artillery stationed there. McDowell, despite the high bluffs he wanted to control now being occupied by Confederates, and his subordinate, W.S Hancock suggesting moving to the north to directly cut the railroad and break through the thin Confederate line, McDowell wouldn't budge, and launched a frontal assault on the I Corps, arguing that as long as half the Confederate Army was on the field, undefeated, their action would be temporary. The high bluff assault was a complete failure, as McDowell's army was easily beaten back. As they retreated, Beauregard refused to pursue the army, ordering the I Corps to build entrenchments on the high bluffs and later return to siege positions, which resulted in tremendous anger from Hood. Hood reportedly hit Beauregard in the face, before leading his Division to pursue the routed Army of Kanawha.
August 19th - News of Hood not following orders and sending his division to pursue Hood, Richmond was divided. While Jefferson Davis suggested supplying Hood's division and ensuring their support, other Confederate officials opposed the idea, noting that Hood's abrasiveness and recklessness, along with his willingness to disobey orders are problematic. In the end, Davis decided to use non-official ways to supply Hood, by attaching Hampton's Legion to Hood, and sending their men to resupply the army. This resulted in significant outcry in the Confederate Congress, but Hood was now supplied.
August 21st - With a plan to invade Indiana complete, A.S Johnston wishes to not allow a concentration of Union forces on his sole army. As a result, he detaches Patrick Cleburne to move to the Indian Territory and invade Missouri, control their communications, infrastructure and production, and then isolate Halleck in central Mississippi.
September 8th - After months of re-building, re-organizing and training, with only a few skirmishes and small battles in Kentucky, A.S Johnston decides to launch an assault into Indiana, to direct Halleck away from the guerrilla fighting in central Mississippi. Johnston knew that only a small garrison existed in Indiana, and that if he could invade the state, northern sentiment may turn against the war. Johnston moves his 69,000 men into Indiana, and threatens to "March until I reach Lake Michigan" unless the north recalls their armies. This is met with great outcry within the mid-west, which was naturally the most opposed to the war: having traded with the south for generations.
September 10th - McDowell's Army, now in Mt. Airy decides to turn around and fight Hood's Division. John Bell Hood, realizing that McDowell's forces are double the size of his, decides to use the smaller size of his division to his advantage. Hood turns his entire Division into two flying wedges. One is to divide McDowell's Army into two, so that one section can be defeated while the other is unable to reinforce, and another to launch a simultaneous attack. In the battle of Mt. Airy, the plan was a success, as Wade Hampton arrived at a critical moment to secure roads when the flying wedge to break the Union line failed, allowing for Hood to push back the Union Army.
September 11th - Hood, now examining the situation, with the Union Army situated to the south and southwest of the town, calls for volunteers and aid from the town. Though Mt. Airy was small, wealthy planters around it use their networks to call for Volunteers. Throughout the day, militia units and home guard units all join up into Hood's division, bolstering his strength to around 10,000 men. Hood, realizing a critical junction connects the two units, launches his entire division on the small junction of men, leading the line to break, before throwing his 10,000 men on the unit situated in the south of the city, attacking their front, and their left flank. The attack was a success, as one part of the army retreated north, while the other retreated to the Blue Ridge Mountains. Hood decides to ignore the army in the Blue Ridge Mountains, and decides to pursue the army retreating to West Virginia "until he reaches Ohio".
September 29th - Robert E. Lee, upon viewing the continued Siege of Raleigh decides to once again launch an attack into Pennsylvania just as Johnston and Hood are leading attacks into northern territory. He recruits further troops from Virginia, and from Hagerstown, Maryland, he decides to march to Chambersburg, than Harrisburg, cut railroad lines at Gettysburg, and finally march to Washington, take the city, and "force a Yankee surrender by any means necessary". The second invasion launches further war weariness from the Union, as press cries for the removal of the "Vandal Armies"
September 20th - Patrick Cleburne, growing his Corps as he marches from Kentucky to Indian Territory is now sized at some 17,000 men, many of which were donated slaves. This time, four entire brigades are at least 50% negro, to the chagrin of many southerners. Confederate high command, most notably A.S Johnston condemns Cleburne and considers replacing him, but Robert E. Lee prevents the replacement of Cleburne saying "We can't replace Cleburne, no man can surpass his acumen". Cleburne notably made most of corps mounted, with the help of Nathan Bedford Forrest, who were trained to dismount and mount quickly, using horses not in combat, but as a from of transportation. He names his corps the "Mounted Infantry Corps". On this day, he enters Missouri.
October 8th - Cleburne sacks Jefferson city, after sacking both Springfield and Joplin. He instills the Confederate government of Missouri, temporarily headquartering it at Springfield. He re-arms, re-equips and resupplies his army, while using the three city he sacked as supply centers. Recruiting new troops, he aims to expand his corps to 25,000 men, enough to take St. Louis.
October 9th - In the midwest, Copperhead sentiment grows wild in the midst of a rumored invasion of Illinois by Cleburne. Clement Vallandigham, taking advantage of the situation, organizes a revolution in the Midwest to secede the states from the Midwest, to spare it from the ravages of war. Confederate Agents in Chicago quickly catch wind of the news, and offer huge sums of funding to supply the revolution.
October 11th - In Chicago, 100,000 Copperhead citizens launch a violent protest in the city. Ambrose E. Burnside quickly loses control of the situation as Confederate POW camps are opened, and Confederate soldiers, armed by the revolutionaries, organize a hanging of many Union officials. By the end of the day, Ambrose E. Burnside was hanged from the tallest building in Chicago, for the citizenry to see. Clement Vallandigham, standing so proudly organizes a "secession convention of the Northwestern states" in the city, and calls for delegates from every Midwestern county.
October 15th - While staying in Jeff City, pickets detect an incoming Union Army planning to dislodge him. Cleburne knows that he cannot allow the siege of Jeff City, and as such, he moves his army to attack the incoming the Union Army in the town of Freeburg. Union forces, numbering 18,000 occupy the town, and wait for Cleburne to attack. Instead of launching a frontal attack, Clebrune decides to flank their right and their rear, enveloping their wing while his dedicated cavalry will cut off their retreat and supplies. The plan was generally successful, though Cleburne was forced to fight in the town of Freeburg when the Union forces retreated into the city. By the end of the day, Union forces were entrenched to the west of the city, looking for a new line of retreat.
October 16th - Cleburne decides to renew his attack on this day, launching a frontal assault on flat ground, while launching a flanking maneuver on both sides. While the flanking movement broke the wings of the Union Army, the frontal assault was a failure, as Union artillery and gunfire bloodily repulsed the Confederate division leading the assault. Regardless, the Union forces, with two collapsed wings risk envelopment, and stealthily escape around Cleburne's corps. This was a missed opportunity of the war, and he forever regretted his failure to destroy the Union Army.
October 27th - General Lee reaches Gettysburg, and quickly orders his men to cut both telegraph and railroad lines in the town. A small brigade of fresh recruits quickly stations itself on Cemetery Ridge to stop the Confederate onslaught. The brigade notably fought well against Confederate forces, resisting an entire division before finally being wholly destroyed. The heroism of that brigade instilled awe in the populace.
October 28th - After destroying the railroads and communications of Gettysburg, General Lee marches on to take Baltimore, where high levels of pro-Confederate sentiment have been observed by Confederate intelligence forces.
November 3rd - After weeks of recuperating his army from Freeburg, Cleburne decides to march upon St. Louis, after setting up partisan forces and state guards in the area he has occupied.
November 8th - Hood marches into southwestern Virginia and West Virginia generally unopposed, save the small battles that are largely delaying options. On the way, he scrapes up more men, largely partisan forces, and aims to take Wheeling. On this day, the Battle of Wheeling begins as McDowell decides to resist Hood at this city. Hood, however, decides to surround the entire city and "Get them to break out, surrender or die of starvation". While McDowell aims to resist at all costs, hoping to redeem his performance at Bull Run, Raleigh and Mt. Airy, Winfield Scott Hancock, the commander of his biggest corps decides against the idea. Against orders, Hancock orders a heavy artillery barrage of one, weakly defended portion of Hood's forces, before launching a concentrated attack and hopefully breaking the position. Utilizing the high ground, precise timing and strong logistical skills, Hancock breaks the Union line, and Hood, instead of resisting, orders his men on the other side of the city to flood into it, as men of Hancock's corps and a newly raised corps billow out of the city. This inflicted a sanguinary battle in Wheeling as the Union forces were forcefully removed. However, once out of the city, W.S Hancock decides to setup a line on some high bluffs and damage Hood before retreating, while McDowell favored a counterattack. Hancock loses his patience with McDowell, and on that night, McDowell died under mysterious circumstances. Taking control of the army, Hancock's prediction forced Hood to retreat back into Wheeling, as Hood's forces suffered 33% casualties attempting to dislodge Hancock.
November 9th - With the exception of southern Illinois, Indiana and Ohio, delegates from a majority of Midwestern counties arrive in Chicago, with most governorships forced to accept, or risk internal mutiny. In a 89% landslide, and counting the absent counties as abstentions, the proposal for Midwestern Secession passes. The new nation is named the Northwestern Federation, comprised of the midwest, minus Missouri. They recognize the CSA as a sovereign nation, and in turn, the CSA recognizes their existence. Clement Vallandigham is elected president as midwestern states recall their troops, weakening the Union war effort.
November 10th - Cleburne arrives in St. Louis, and quickly occupies the city, after very few units receive him, mainly because of the recent recalling of Midwestern troops. A small Pennsylvania division, and some Midwestern men who were unwilling to return home, and to continue fighting made for a strong defense with what they had, causing 23% casualties for Cleburne's corps, despite they themselves only being 11% the size of Cleburne's units. Cleburne surrounds St. Louis, and silently moves his men across the Mississippi on the night of November the 9th to stop their retreat. Soon, surrounded and enveloped, the Union division surrenders. St. Louis was now Confederate territory, and with the goal in mind, and only partisan forces and small brigades still in Missouri, Cleburne moves to engage Henry Halleck, who was still fighting a guerrilla war with John Pemberton in Central Mississippi. Halleck had forced his men to not desert, and his organizational and disciplinarian capacities prevented the disintegration of his army, going as far as to block all incoming mail and news, so that the army will remain existent. Halleck's men had increasingly relied on the central Mississippi land, and their general success in installing a Union government of Mississippi has kept morale somewhat high amongst the men.
November 14th - A.S Johnston catches wind of the new law, and quickly withdraws from Indiana and into Kentucky, in turn with the Confederate recognition of Midwestern sovereignty.
November 20th - General Lee reaches the outer verge of Baltimore, and begins to devise a plan to remove the newly reinstated George B. McClellan. This begins the Baltimore campaign, which will go on until March of 1864. General McClellan digs trenches in the outer areas, hoping for a frontal assault. Lee, in turn, seemingly launches an attack on the area, but the bulk of his army marches to the right of the Union Army, and forces McClellan to retreat.
November 24th - With the end of midwestern troops coming from the north, A.S Johnston decides to detach Braxton Bragg to extinguish the other half of McDowell's Army, run by John Reynolds subsisting off sympathetic and pro-Union Appalachian farmers, and also by raiding pro-Confederate farms in the region. The Confederate Home Guard were unable to defeat Reynold's detachment, as they continue to adequately survive.
December 3rd - In the last major land action of 1863, Robert E. Lee decisively dislodges McClellan from one of his largest entrenchments. McClellan, however, was able to avoid total defeat, and retreated to the next line. This victory, alongside many others resulted in the British and the French joining the war, in the Confederacy's favor.
December 28th - On this day, the naval blockade of Charleston was broken. Confederates, using the H.L Hunley, and the British with their strong navy opened Charleston Harbor. In the Battle of Charleston Harbor, batteries at Fort Sumter launch a sustained cannon fire just as the Hunley and British ironclads destroy most other Union ships.
January 6th - With the success of Charleston Harbor, British ships move to shell supply ships to Ulysses S. Grant, who was still fighting a siege with Beauregard in and around Raleigh. Without supplies, and with newly raised cavalry in North Carolina, Grant decides to subsist off the land.
January 8th - Bragg's Corps arrives to face John Reynolds in the city of Asheville, which was recently sacked by Union forces. Bragg ordered a calculated attack on a divided segment of Reynolds' Army, and though the tactical judgment was sound, his subordinates were too incompetent to attack, and not obeying his orders. Instead, Reynold's Army was able to envelop Bragg's wing, and Bragg retreats westward, but plans to attack the north of the city.
January 17th - Patrick Cleburne, after marching through Missouri enters Tennessee, seeking to cut off Halleck's line. His goal is to connect with the Army of Middle Tennessee, currently led by Joseph Johnston fighting small Union detachments, and thereby surround the territory of Henry Halleck.
February 2nd - Robert E. Lee decides to attack George McClellan situated on the high bluffs of one of the entrenchments around Baltimore. The initial frontal attack, using George Pickett's division was a failure, so as a result, Lee decides to march McClaws' division around the entrenchments, while launching a second attack. This hammer and anvil strategy somewhat worked. While the Union forces did retreat, they caused immense damage and disarray amongst McClaws' men.
February 11th - Robert E. Lee finally reaches the defenses of Baltimore, after forcing the cautious McClellan by sending his army to cut off their supply lines. McClellan doesn't assume siege positions, making Abraham Lincoln replace McClellan with Winfield Scott Hancock, who promises to attack the Confederate Army.
February 14th - On this day, the Union blockade of the southern states was finally broken, and with it, Confederates can freely export their cotton and tobacco in exchange for foreign imported goods. Confederate troops are slowly armed with Whitworth rifles and higher-quality imported goods, as the British plan to use their Indian troops for an invasion of California and the Western States.
February 21st - Winfield Scott Hancock decides to send his army straight towards Robert E. Lee's First Corps, under James Longstreet. Hancock's plan is to barrage the I corps with an enfilade of artillery fire, before charging up the hill, hoping to take the hill and thereby envelop the left wing of the Confederate Army. In the Battle of Towson, Hancock launches the determined assault, but Longstreet's corps, recently armed with highly accurate Whitworth rifles, and imported repeaters bloodily repulsed the Union Army. Hancock, personally leading the attack soon found himself fighting against an old friend: Lewis Armistead, whose brigade was instrumental in holding back to attack. As Hancock writes post-bellum "I had a glimpse of my old friend Armistead, and he had a glimpse of me. Our friendship had not rotted over this rebellion, yet, both of us had shown a strong reluctance for fighting". With Armistead unwilling to fire upon his old friend, and Hancock unwilling to order his military to fight anymore, Hancock retreated at the night of the 21st, and prepares to evacuate Baltimore.
March 1st - With Cleburne entering Tennessee, Henry Halleck decides to send 50,000 of his men into Tennessee, with the assumption that Pemberton won't attack his remaining 29,000 men. John C. Pemberton, however, decides to jump on the opportunity, and surmounts his troops in Vicksburg, Mississippi
March 3rd - With Hancock preparing to evacuate, Lee launches a massive attack into Baltimore, and cuts off a portion of Union forces, and largely destroys them. The remaining retreat to Washington, and deploys into Virginia, hoping to march upon Richmond before the rebel army reaches Washington.
March 7th - The Army of Louisiana attacks the remnants of Halleck's units, and tactically falls back when both armies fail to dislodge each other. The element of Halleck's Army attempts to attack Pemberton, but Pemberton, using a strong placement of artillery soon send the Union Army flying back.
March 8th - Pemberton, now with the upper hand launches the largest land assault in the western theatre, 32,000 men all charging towards the enemy. The Union Army, already in disarray from the previous day retreats, while Pemberton chases them, preventing them from linking up with Halleck in Tennessee.
March 16th - Cleburne soon camps in northwestern Tennessee, but quickly entrenches when word of Halleck incoming comes to him from Nathan Bedford Forrest, who was dispatched to aid Cleburne. Henry Halleck, with a military unit 1.5 times the mass of Cleburne has the upper hand. Cleburne was already suffering from poor supply lines, as the new repeaters needed more ammunition for sustained defensive fire, as Union partisans in Missouri cause sporadic supplying.
March 17th - Henry Halleck, despite being cautious decides to throw half of his army towards Cleburne. The initial assault was a failure, but Halleck pulled out before it was too late. Under pressure, he finally agrees to send all of his men, some 49,000 into the face of Cleburne. Cleburne's men were able to hold most of them back, but as waves and waves of more troops come, ammunition became scarce, as the Union forces reach closer and closer. Yet, by a turn of chance, John C. Pemberton arrives from the scene, and flanks the Union attack with effective artillery and infantry, allowing Cleburne to launch a coordinated counterattack. In the Tennessee-Mississippi campaign, Halleck suffered 21,000 casualties, and was forced back into north-central Mississippi with Cleburne cutting his supply lines completely off, isolating them and making the guerrilla war a whole lot easier for Pemberton.
March 28th - With Hancock crossing the Potomac, leaving only 3,700 men to fend off the 68,000 Confederates, even when using strong defenses, they were only able to bog down Lee from the 23rd to the 28th, before Lee finally broke through and took Washington. Abraham Lincoln quickly evacuates Washington, and moves his government to Boston, Massachusetts. However, he proclaims that "the subduing the rebellion hasn't ended, it shall be intensified with greater vigor". With Washington captured, the Confederates begin to plan a two-way campaign. Robert E. Lee will raise more troops and a new corps under A.P Hill to subdue Hancock, while Jackson and his 34,000 men will march all the way to New York and force the surrender of the north. The plan was agreed upon, and new volunteers from Maryland quickly flow into the army of Northern Virginia, forming the corps of A.P Hill, while Stonewall Jackson's newly christened Army of the Shenandoah is deployed to take Philadelphia
March 31st - Stonewall Jackson crosses the Maryland border and takes Newark, burning everything in his path. He plans to march to Philadelphia, than finally New York, and burn everything there too, until Abraham Lincoln surrenders.
April 14th - After almost a year of guerrilla fighting, the former United States New Mexico territory has finally fallen into Confederate hands. The territory of New Mexico is formed, as plans are made to take San Diego alongside British troops.
April 19th - Stonewall Jackson reaches Philadelphia, and in a surprise attack, quickly overwhelms the city's defenses. Soon, state guard units are raised in Pennsylvania to reach to the few men that Stonewall had to face in order to take the city. Stonewall loots the city for arms and rations, before ordering the city burned. The next day, his army was all but existent in the city, marching north to cross the Delaware and take Trenton, before taking Princeton.
April 20th - The British, upon viewing the success of Stonewall Jackson decides to blockade northern ports, just as they launch a land invasion of Washington and Maine, hoping to link up with Confederate forces on both coasts and completely isolate the United States.
April 21st - Stonewall Jackson, relying on speed takes both Trenton and Princeton. They take what they could, but decide to move quickly to New York City, planning to arrive within three days. They cut railroads and disrupt logistics, preventing any further issue later on.
April 24th - Stonewall Jackson arrives in Jersey city, and burns it, before taking New York City by burning the bridges connecting Jersey City with New York, but move up river, cross into Manhattan and then move down to the city. With the aid of British gunboats, the city of New York was taken with the 23,000 men quickly conscripted unable to retreat out of the peninsula. Reaching the ocean, Stonewall Jackson committed what many call the greatest crime of the war: ordering all of New York City to have "all valuable amenities and faculties wholly destroyed". This resulted in much of the city being destroyed, before Jackson moves on to take New Haven.
April 29th - Robert E. Lee, with A.P Hill and his corps trained adequately now pursue the Union Army, fighting a bitter guerrilla conflict and being marred by poor southern infrastructure. John S. Mosby has effectively defended Richmond through not only the spring rains, but by guerrilla attacks and attacks on the lines of the Union, while John B. Hood launches reckless attacks on flanks of the Union Army whenever possible. Hampton's legion, on the other hand, prevents much Union reconnaissance, decisively beating Union cavalry.
May 23rd - With Robert E. Lee moving on the other side of the James River, he decides to encamp at the North Anna, and wait for the attack of Hancock. Hancock launches an amphibious attack in the afternoon of the 23rd, trying to dislodge Lee, to no avail.
May 24th - Lee, knowing that a second wave may decisively divide his army decides to conduct a masterful plan: To build an inverted V, which will separate the Union attack, while one part of Lee's army was purposely not reinforced, hoping that the Union Army will dedicate more troops there, before entrenched troops can launch a decisive counterattack.
May 25th - Hancock, after some cross-river skirmishing decides to launch the attack. His army divided, Lee launches his trap as it was supposed to function, cutting the Union Army in half, and then launching a strong counterattack, forcing Hancock to be trapped in Northern Virginia. Hancock retreats to Manassas Junction, brewing a third battle.
June 18th - With Union forces now in Manassas, and with Hood's Division reunited with its corps, the Confederate Army launches a flank attack on Manassas. Shaped as a giant flying wedge, it hopes to cut the Union Army in two. The attack was successful, with the aid of some powerful artillery, and Stuart's cavalry attacking them in the rear. Without any help, Hancock retreats into Pennsylvania, aiming for Pittsburgh. Lee, after some convincing from Longstreet decides to not chase Hancock, knowing that they themselves have suffered tremendous casualties.
June 30th - The US Congress, unhappy with the war orders an immediate Presidential election. The Democratic Party, nominating George B. McClellan, and the Republican party, reluctantly electing Abraham Lincoln have two weeks to campaign before the July 13th election.
July 4th - On independence day, General Jackson crosses into Connecticut, aiming for the reinforced city of Boston. Along the way, he burns Connecticut. Jefferson Davis expresses disgust, but Jackson's actions are admittedly successful, making Davis not replace him.
July 13th - The election takes place, and with no surprises, McClellan wins by a huge margin. Abraham Lincoln, with two more months in office decides to sue for peace after Jefferson Davis wrote to Lincoln that "It shall be you, or Gen. McClellan who brings peace, let you be the man who brings fair doing upon this continent once more."
July 22nd - In the Treaty of Baltimore, the Confederate States were given all the border states, the territory of New Mexico, whilst the Northwestern Federation is recognized as an independent nation. In return, the CSA must pay $32 million in gold bullion by 1894, and both nations must agree to not militarize their borders. The deal was agreed upon, and Abraham Lincoln reluctantly agreed before shaking Jefferson Davis' hand. Lincoln was recounted to say "Well Mr. Davis, I never expected two Kentuckiers to be agreeing upon the dissolution of the Union". Davis, by some recounts replied "Mr. Lincoln, I suppose we are agreeing upon independence, not dissolution".
July 24th - By this day, much of the Confederacy was silently celebrating their victory as they mourn a great loss of southern men in the War of Southern Independence. Very few celebrations were noted, and even Union troops leaving the south were noted to take off their hats, unfurl their Union flags and pray alongside southern congregations. This war cost some 650,000 men, the bloodiest in North American history.
September 12th - California votes to secede from the Union, and was soon followed by Oregon and Washington, forming the Pacific Republic, and begins to move westward, taking the now unclaimed territories of the west
October 15th - News reaches Washington of the Pacific Republic. McClellan, though reluctant to recognize the sovereignty of the Pacific Republic notes that he couldn't do much to ameliorate the situation, decides to not take military action, noting that it would be impractical to move troops through the Northwestern Federation or the CSA, or through Canada. Instead, President McClellan decides to not recognize the independence of the Pacific Republic and engages in a trade embargo to cut them off from northern manufactured products.
November 1st - In Richmond, French, British and Prussian diplomats arrive and negotiate trade deals with the newly independent Confederacy. Recognizing the nation, they agree on various complex trade deals to exchange industry for agricultural produce, and European aid in rebuilding the war-ravaged Confederacy, and a very subjective treaty which hints at a potential abolition of slavery.
January - The crash of 1866 takes place in the North due to a shortage of cotton and the recent European trade deal, weakening their textile plants and hurting their industry. The US Dollar experiences high inflation as McClellan attempts to ameliorate the situation. As urban workers go jobless, riots take place in major US cities, already angry at the loss due to the War of Southern Independence and the massive destruction in key northern production centers. In the CSA, the economy is slowly rebuilt as more exports are sold to Europe thanks to higher prices offered by the more prosperous Europeans. However, the upheaval in the North does spill over to the states of Maryland, Delaware and also into Northern Virginia due to economic relations, resulting in an economic recession.
February - Upheaval in the North climaxes as angry mobs cause even more damage to infrastructure and surviving industrial areas. Union veterans, unable to find work following their release take up arms against the Union government as they attempt to recuperate. Winfield Scott Hancock, beleaguered and disgraced from his loss against Robert E. Lee chooses to lead an army of rebellious soldiers, largely from New England. The Free Army of New England is formed, with Hancock commanding, with its four corps under Banks, Doubleday, Chamberlain, and Butler. McClellan, without any choice, decides to ride with an army of demoralized Union troops largely from New Jersey and New York against the rebellious New Englanders. The Army seizes Springfield Armory and uses it as a main production center, whilst other factories spin again.
March 3rd - McClellan decides to march upon Boston, attempting to seize the city and hopefully cut off the rebellious army's main production center. However, demoralized troops quickly break and run from livid New Englanders when the two armies clash at Quincy. In the Battle of Quincy, McClellan attempts to quietly march around Quincy, where the isolated I Corps under Banks is located, cut off communications and wipe out the I Corps. However, McClellan's subordinates accidentally marched too closely, and alerted cavalry. Banks entrenches around Quincy as McClellan decides to follow up with his plan, planning to seize Quincy. Hancock seizes the opportunity and moves the rest of his army to attack the rear of McClellan's Army. As the attack begins, Banks' men billow from their entrenchment in a hammer and anvil attack, surrounding and suffocating McClellan's Army. However, McClellan's Army is able to stabilize lines after falling back, largely due to poor artillery and malfunctioning New England weapons in the midst of spring rains. Hancock allows McClellan's disgruntled army to break out, and sends his cavalry and Chamberlain's corps to pick off the remnants of McClellan's Army.
March 4th-7th - McClellan's troops retreat disorganized and inefficiently, allowing cavalry and Chamberlain to slowly wipe them out. McClellan, disgraced retreats back to Philadelphia, disgraced and hated by the people, with much of his army destroyed.
March 22nd - In light of the recent victory at Quincy, the New England Republic secedes from the Union. While McClellan wishes for another war, the war-weary public is unwilling to support it, and as a result, the New England Republic leaves peacefully, though unrecognized by the USA.