Adheem ruled the Empire during the last Egyptian-Arab War, and his reign was marred by scandals and failed offensives. Upon his conversion to Islam, Adheem commissioned the construction of a new capital city, which he named "Cairo", where many of the residents were forced to move. In an attempt to gain control of Islamic holy places, Adheem attempted to invade the Abbasid Empire additional times, each of which failed miserably. These wars put great stress on the Egyptian treasury, which caused an uproar in the Council of Commoners.
As dissent began to grow, in an attempt to solidify his rule in the Empire, Adheem tried to dissolve the Council, though the attempt only resulted in rebellion spreading across the whole of Egypt Proper. Adheem died at the age 74, with some rumors that he had been poisoned. He was succeeded by his son Abyan, who repealed many of his father's changes, and took the title of Pharaoh, as Rameses XV.
Ahmose, as he was named when he was born, was the son of Pharaoh Amenhotep VII, the younger of twins. While a young man, Ahmose served in the Egyptian military where fought against the Abbasid Empire in the Egyptian-Arab Wars, where he was first exposed to Islam. During the war, his older twin brother, Prince Amenhotep, was killed in battle, and Ahmose was elevated to the position of Crown Prince. He reigned as Crown Prince until he was 45 years old, when his father passed away.
Upon his ascension to the throne, Ahmose was proclaimed Pharaoh Ahmose V. He opted to continue the war against the Abbasid Empire.
Conversion to Islam
Three years into his rule as Pharaoh, Ahmose converted to Islam. He then changed his name to "Adheem". Intent on changing the Empire into an Islamic state, modeled after the Caliphates Egypt had since warred against, Adheem changed his title from "Pharaoh" to "Sultan". As Sultan, Adheem installed Shari'a Law as the basis for Egyptian law, and commissioned the building of a new capital city, deemed "Cairo".
These changes proved drastically unpopular in the Empire, due Adheem's strict, highly conservative view on Muslim teachings. Adheem radically reversed the Egyptian Empire's former policy of religious tolerance, and forced many conversions to Islam. Those who did not convert, were forced to pay a religious tax.
Kemetists, who made up the vast majority of Egyptian citizens, were treated especially poorly, and were made second class citizens. Adheem ordered several temples to be torn down, and many Egyptian monuments were destroyed. He attempted to have Karnak demolished, but his construction teams refused to carry out the deed.
Invasions of Saudi Arabia
Determined to "retake" the holy city of Mecca, Adheem attempted a naval invasion of the Arabian coastline. The invasion consisted of a coastal assault on the Arabian peninsula from the Egyptian coast. Egyptian forces landed on the coast of Arabia, and moved towards Mecca, only to be crushed by superior Abbasid forces.
Adheem attempted an additional three invasions of Arabia, each of which failed miserably. These invasions grew progressively more expensive as the wars continued.
Eventually, the Council of Commoners vetoed the the Sultan's fourth invasion plan. In response, Adheem attempted to dissolve the council, and return absolute power to the monarch. However, when the army refused to carry out the deed (many of them were unhappy with Adheem's policies as well), Adheem had to retract his plans. That said, word soon reached the rest of Empire that the monarch had tried to dissolve the Council. This resulted in mass rioting across the Empire, especially in Egypt proper. Not taking kindly to the riots, Adheem sent the army into the insubordinate locations, and forcibly put many of them down. Unfortunately, that spurred the rioters on, and rebellion began to fester throughout Egypt.
Not long after his third attempted invasion of Saudi Arabia, and before outright rebellion could erupt, Adheem died at age 74. While there were no specific records of assassination, rumors persist that he was poisoned, possibly by his son and heir, Abyan. Though Adheem had wanted an Islamic burial, since his supporters were driven out of Egypt, and took refuge in Arabia, and no imam was brave enough to bury a man who many viewed as a tyrant, Adheem was instead buried by Kemetic procedures. After the funerary system ended, his tomb was defaced, and many of the mosques he built were torn down.
After his death, Abyan abolished the title of "Sultan" and reformed the title of "Pharaoh". He adopted the name "Rameses", and became Pharaoh Rameses XV. He returned the Egyptian capital to Sais, and made Kemetism the state religion again, as well as reforming the Egyptian policy of religious tolerance. Cairo was abandoned, and later demolished.
Adheem became remembered in a similar strain to the Pharaoh Ahkenaten, as he attempted to force a monotheistic religion upon a predominantly polytheistic people. Likewise, his attempted reforms did not last long after his death, and to this day, Islam remains a minority religion throughout the Empire. In modern Egypt, his rule is recorded in history books as one of the Empire's low points.
As a result of Adheem's policies, and the chaos it inflicted, there have never since been any Abrahamic pharaohs. All succeeding pharaohs were kemetist, with a couple occasional exceptions. To ensure religious tensions would not rise again, the Council of Commoners passed a law that said that religious law could not be mixed with federal law.