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Abbasid Caliphate (English)Timeline: Saracen Jihad
al-Khilāfah al-‘Abbāsīyyah (Arabic)
OTL equivalent: Abbasid Caliphate
|Regional Languages||Aramaic, Armenian, Berber, Coptic, Georgian, Greek, Kurdish, Persian, Oghuz Turkic|
|Currency||Dinar (gold coin)
Dirham (silver coin)
The Abbasid Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة العباسية / ALA-LC: al-Khilāfah al-‘Abbāsīyyah), was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The caliphate was ruled by the Abbasid dynasty, descendents of Muhammad's youngest uncle, Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib (566–653 CE). The Abbasid Caliphate succeeded the Umayyad Caliphate, which ruled from 661–750, following the successful Abbasid Revolt, the last of a series of civil wars and succession crises that collectively were known as the Third Fitna.