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Abbasid Caliphate (Saracen Jihad)

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Abbasid Caliphate (English)
الخلافة العباسية
al-Khilāfah al-‘Abbāsīyyah (Arabic)
Timeline: Saracen Jihad
OTL equivalent: Abbasid Caliphate
. 750 -
Black flag.svg
CapitalKufa (750–62)
Official languages Arabic
Regional Languages Aramaic, Armenian, Berber, Coptic, Georgian, Greek, Kurdish, Persian, Oghuz Turkic
Religion Sunni Islam
Government Caliphate
 -  Caliph
Establishment
 -  Established 750 
 -  Abbasids  
Currency Dinar (gold coin)

Dirham (silver coin)

Fals (copper coin)

The Abbasid Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة العباسية‎ / ALA-LC: al-Khilāfah al-‘Abbāsīyyah), was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The caliphate was ruled by the Abbasid dynasty, descendents of Muhammad's youngest uncle, Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib (566–653 CE). The Abbasid Caliphate succeeded the Umayyad Caliphate, which ruled from 661–750, following the successful Abbasid Revolt, the last of a series of civil wars and succession crises that collectively were known as the Third Fitna.


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