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Abbasid Caliphate, c.1420
|Capital|| Cairo (1409-1529)|
|Languages||Arabic, Greek, Farsi, Catalan|
|Religion|| Sunni Islam|
|•||1530 est.||30 million|
The Abbasid Caliphate (Arabic, الخلافة العباسية al-Khilāfah al-‘Abbāsīyah) is theocratic nation located in North Africa and parts of the Middle East. The Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad ruled the entire Middle East and most of North Africa during the Islamic Golden Age in the 8th-10th centuries. After initial Turkish invasions, however, the Caliph quickly lost all temporal power while retaining religious domination over Sunni Islam. After the destruction of Baghdad in 1258, the Abbasids in Cairo claimed the title of Caliph, until the eventually subverted the rule of the Mamluk Sultanate to reestablish the theocracy in 1412. After the Gurkani collapse in the Cloaked Jihad, the seat of the Caliphate was moved to Damascus
Art and Arcitecture