Alternate History

A Reich Disunited

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Reich Disunited Modern Updated

Map of the world in the modern day, with major powers colored.

Germany is so very often considered to be one of the most influential nations in terms of the course modern history has taken, as well as one of the most powerful in Europe. An economic and military powerhouse, Germany is one of the EU's leading nations. From the over 25 different German kingdoms to the Third Reich of the National Socialist Party, the western European republic has experienced an endless variety of ideological and political states. All this is traceable back to the unification of the German kingdom around 1872, which opened up a gateway for a complex future history and numerous changes not only in Europe, but around the world.

Say, however, that Germany never came into being. What might the world be like? How would this affect other nations? What would the state of Europe be with this Reich Disunited?

Point of Divergence

In A Reich Disunited, Germany is never unified (fully) by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck after the Austro-Prussian war. Prussia becomes the dominant kingdom, defeating German forces in the south of the country during a parallel war of "unification". Prussia's resistance to unification combined with its military might resulted in it taking the place of modern day Germany. Over time it became a very liberally forward nation, influencing the countries around it rather heavily, and becoming involved in issues such as colonization, human rights and civil wars, all within its neighbor's borders.

There are several drastic differences from our own timeline in A Reich Disunited. Most notable are a shortened First World War, a much longer second one and a variety of nations never to have existed in reality.



  • May 1, 1872 - The south German kingdoms of Bavaria, Baden, Hesse and Wurtemburg unite to form the German Confederation.
  • May, 1872 - Prussia sends an ultimatum to Germany to order it to stop expanding.
    • June 13, 1872 - Prussia mobilizes 23,000 army troops into the south of Germany after confederate attacks along the Prussian border.
    • June 21, 1872 - Battle of the Rhine. First battle in the War of Unification; 118 Confederate Deaths to ten Prussian. Germans are forced to retreat to Hesse.
    • July 6, 1872 - Battle of Frankfurt. The German capitol is captured, resulting in over 1500 deaths; both military and civilian.
    • July 30, 1872 - Battle of Stuttgart. Biggest confederate German loss during the war, causing them to officially surrender after being cornered at the Austrian border by Prussia and France.
  • August 3, 1872 - German, French and Prussian generals sign the Cologne Treaty; Making the city of Cologne the new Prussian capital and ceding the north of Wurtemburg to France.
  • February, 1874 - Sweden invades the north of Finland (Russian), leading to a massive loss of forces after a blizzard during the siege of Kolari.
  • 1879 - Serbia, Montenegro, Romania and Bulgaria declare independence from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1891 - Prussia establishes Prussian west Africa, a colonial area encompassing what is today Cameroon and the Red Coast Alliance.

    Europe in the year 1900, with districts outlined.

  • July 8, 1893 - Republican rebels in the north of Italy take control of local governments in Venetia and Lombardy, closing in on Rome with the capture of most of Tuscany in August of the same year.
    • July, 1893 - Austria-Hungary sends aid to rebel Italians as they push away the Imperial army entrenched in the south of Ligura.
  • January 25, 1898 - Austria purchases Baden from France for the modern day equivalent of 76 million Franks.
  • January 9, 1900 - Norway declares its independence from Sweden, starting a war in which Sweden conquers most of the Norwegian mainland.


  • December 25, 1901 - Denmark intervenes in the conflict between Norway and Sweden, and helps establish new borders.
  • January 22, 1905 - Several worker strikes take place across the Russian empire. Protesters under the Red Flag fight for agrarian and manufacturing worker's rights.
  • March, 1905 - Italian rebels surrender over the course of 30 days, region by region, until Tyrol is returned to the Italian Empire on March 30th.
  • 1906 - Russia relinquishes control of the small Lushun province of China to Japan after a confrontation in the Russo-Japanese War.
  • August 31, 1907 - Russian-British Entente is signed, establishing a defensive pact and defining boundaries of control in Iran and Afghanistan.
  • September 26, 1907 - New Zealand and Newfoundland become dominions under the British Commonwealth.
  • January 5, 1909 - Panama is liberated from Colombia and passed into American control.
  • March, 1910 - An Albanian uprising in the Ottoman Empire occurs, with the small Balkan republic declaring its largely unrecognized independence.
  • September 29, 1911 - Italy declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • June 28, 1914 - Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary is assassinated by a Serbian nationalist. Austria declares war on Serbia, Russia responding with an oath of Serbian protection, declaring war on Austria themselves.
  • July 30, 1914 - Prussia is asked by Austria to assist in battling Russia and Serbia. Prussia denies, citing its strict neutrality policy.
  • October 10, 1914 - Austria-Hungary invades France through Baden, officially declaring war.

Greek soldiers emerge from trenches on the front line with Bulgaria.

  • October 31, 1914 - Bulgaria declares war against Serbia, supporting Austria-Hungary.
  • November 5, 1914 - Greece declares war on Bulgaria in accordance with a treaty signed between itself and Serbia against Bulgaria.
  • December 18, 1914 - Ottoman Egypt is successfully invaded by Italy, and is kept until the present day.
  • January 13, 1915 -  1915 Avezzano earthquake, Italy. An earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills more than 30,000.
  • May 24, 1915 - Italy joins the Allies after declaring war on Austria-Hungary.
  • August 9, 1915 - The Entente powers promise Kosovo independence from Serbia after the war.
  • January 17, 1916 - Mamlakat al-Ḥijāz declares a war for independence against the Ottoman Empire.
  • April 28, 1916 - French troops successfully capture the majority of the Austrian region, halting at the heavily guarded city of Vienna.
  • June 1, 1916 - The Arab Revolt begins.
  • June 4, 1916 - The Brusilov Offensive, the height of Russian operations in the war, begins with their breaking through Austro-Hungarian lines.
  • Unknown Date- Food is rationed in Austria-Hungary.
  • February 3, 1917 - Prussia announces its U-Boat military program, sending over 150 submarines to the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom for use against the Central Powers.
  • March 30, 1917 - Greece corners Bulgarian forces in the city of Sliven, forcing their surrender and making Bulgaria the first power to exit the war.
  • May 18, 1917 - The Selective Service Act passes the United States Congress, giving the President the power of conscription.
  • October 26, 1917 - Brazil declares war on the Central Powers. One day later, Austria-Hungary surrenders to the Allies, ending the Great War.
  • January 8, 1918 - Charles Hughes delivers his "14 Points" speech on the effect the Great War had on the world.
  • February 20, 1918 - Austria-Hungary is officially dissolved into the free republics of Austria, Czech, Hungary, Kosovo, and Yugoslavia. The region of Slovenia is passed to Italy.
  • December 31, 1918 - Prussia, Russia and Józef Piłsudski sign the Polish People's Treaty, officially creating the First Polish Republic.
  • May 22, 1919 - Einstein's theory of relativity is first published.
  • September 7, 1919 - Romania fully removes Transylvania from Hungarian control.
  • December 5, 1919 - The Ottoman Confederacy declares its independence from Entente occupation after two full years.
    • The Grand Assembly declares itself the ruling party of Turkish Anatolia.
  • January, 1920 - 4000 Communists and Anarchists are held without trial in the United States, a large portion executed.
  • February 24, 1920 - The League of Nations, an organization aimed at bringing peace to the world and preventing another "Great War" scenario, is formed.
  • April 23, 1920 - Mongolia declares its mostly peaceful independence from the collapsing Qing dynasty of China.
  • October 27, 1920 - The League of Nations officially moves its headquarters to Cologne, in Prussia.
  • April 19, 1921 - The Allies of the Great War announce that Austria and Hungary will pay 156 billion Marks worth in war reparations, with annual installments of three billion over the course of the next 52 years. These requirements will never be met, sending both nations into a downward spiral of uncontrollable debt.
  • July 29, 1921 - Adolf Hitler becomes the Führer of the National Worker's Party of Austria.
  • January 1, 1921 - Upon the acquisition of Iraq from Prussia, the Kingdom of Great Britain reaches its greatest extent.
  • March 11, 1922 - Mohandas Gandhi is arrested in Bombay, India for sedition.
  • September 13, 1922 - The Kingdom of Egypt declares its independence from the Ottoman Confederacy. It is eventually retaken in 1952.
  • October 28, 1922 - Benito Mussolini comes to power after a march on Rome, bringing about the creation of the Fascist Italian state.
  • October 13, 1923 - Ankara replaces Constantinople (Istanbul) as the capital of the Ottoman Confederacy.
  • December 20, 1923 - Adolf Hitler is expelled from Austria to Prussia.
Adolf Hitler (No Napoleon)

Adolf Hitler (Photo Taken 1930)

  • February 9, 1924 - The Peru-Bolivian Confederation is formed over fears of security and power balances in South America after the Great War.
  • February 11, 1925 - The Republic of China is established.
  • July 18, 1925 – Adolf Hitler publishes Volume One of his memoir Mein Kampf.
  • March 21, 1926 - By popular demand, the Acre region of Brazil is peacefully seceded to Peru-Bolivia.
  • June 31, 1928 - Upon finalization of a stable state, the United States of America withdraws its troops from the Republic of China.
  • November 1, 1928 - The Ottoman Confederacy switches from an Arabic Turkish alphabet to a Latin based one.
  • March 27, 1929 - The "Polish-Russian Agreement of Friendship" is signed, ensuring military and diplomatic cooperation between the Republic of Poland and The Russian Empire.
  • July 25, 1929 - Beginning of the Dalmatia Wars. Italy invades Yugoslavia with help from Croatian freedom fighters.
  • July 17 - October 16, 1929 - Afghanistan transfers from a kingdom to an emirate, to a republic back to a kingdom again in a series of politically confusing events including an attempted coup and a cancelled election.
  • September 29, 1929 - A wall is built between North and South Vienna, Austria, completely sealing off the republics of East and West Austria.
  • April 20, 1931 - Adolf Hitler is allowed passage to Mexico by the Prussian government.
  • November 30, 1931 - Mao Zedong founds the Chinese Worker's and Peasant's Party, often considered to be the first fully-formed example of a Communist system.
  • January 2, 1932 - Poland and Greece sign a treaty of friendship.
  • August 31, 1932 - Japan declares war on the Republic of China, invading Manchuria through Korea.
  • September 5, 1932 - The National Socialist Worker's Party of Mexico assassinates President Abelardo L. Rodríguez in a successful attempt to take control of the nation.
    • June 19, 1933 - Adolf Hitler orders the murder of over 100 Non-Nazi Mexican officials.
  • August 2, 1934 - An estimated 8000 Mexican citizens and Nazi Party members attended The Guadalajara Rally outside the city in the Barranca de Huentitán area. It is the largest gathering of party members ever, with festivities and displays intended to display Mexico's acquired military might.
  • December 24, 1934 - During the annual Christmas Eve conference of the League of Nations, Prussia expresses its concern over the state of the Mexican government. Eight nations; Prussia, the UK, France, Spain, Russia, Poland, Greece and the US, publicly condemn Mexico and Hitler.
    • December 25, 1934 - Italy publicly claims its support for the Mexican Nazi regime, ejecting itself from the League of Nations.
  • July 17, 1936 - The Spanish Civil War begins.
  • September 11, 1936 - France relinquishes control of the Syrian colony to the Ottoman Confederacy.
  • November 4, 1936 -  Franklin D. Roosevelt is reelected to a second term in a landslide victory in the 1936 US Presidential elections.
  • December 19, 1937 - Mexico, Italy, Spain, Brazil and Colombia sign the Axis Pact, a military and diplomatic alliance that will go on to shape the sides of the American War.
  • March 1, 1938 - Adolf Hitler authorizes the annexation of Guatemala, which should have effectively triggered war with the United States. President Roosevelt, however, lets the Mexicans off with a warning and promises to declare a war next time Mexico showed aggression towards any American Allies.
  • 1938 - Adolf Hitler is Time Magazine's "Man of the Year", as the most influential person of the year 1938.
  • January 31, 1939 - The Mexican government creates its "Diseño de la Gran México", or "The Design of Greater Mexico" map, depicting the supposed extent of the New Mexican Empire after a hypothetical war against the United States.
Mexico 1850 Map

Map of "Diseño de la Gran México"

  • September 14, 1939 - The UK, US and other nations sign an anti-Mexican pact, vowing that if any member of the Axis Alliance declared war on any anti-Mexican member, all others would declare war as well.
  • July 3, 1940 - Mexico invades Honduras through Guatemala and the anti-Mexican pact responds by simultaneously declaring war themselves.
  • August 8, 1940 - Italy invades Abyssinia through Eritrea.
  • Abyssinia joins the Allies
  • August 12, 1940 - The United States issues an official declaration of war against Mexico, Italy and Spain. The UK and France take the same action as well.
  • October 29, 1940 - Spain begins its invasion of Allied North Africa.
  • November 24, 1940 - Prussia and Greece issue letters of support for the US and its allies just hours apart.
  • January 22, 1941 - Italy and Spain begin their invasion of France.
  • April 6, 1941 - After a failed invasion of Mexico, the United Sates is hit with the full force of the Mexican military, as several small southern cities are captured within a week.
  • May 2, 1941 - Belgium and Portugal declare war on Italy and Spain.
  • June 21, 1941 - All Mexican, Italian and Spanish embassies in the US are closed.
  • July 5th, 1941 - The American City of San Diego is captured by Mexican forces.
  • July 19th, 1941 - France surrenders to the Axis. Free French forces in Africa and Asia, however, continue to fight.
  • September 13, 1941 - The American City of Los Angeles is captured by Mexican forces.
  • October 17, 1941 - The American cartographer who was credited with drawing the final "Diseño de la Gran México" is found and arrested in Houston, Texas for charges of conspiracy against the government of the United States.
  • January 2, 1942 - Japan joins the Axis. The Republic of China responds by joining the Allies one week later.
  • May 31, 1942 - Franklin D. Roosevelt appoints Leon Trotsky, leader of the American Socialist party and immigrant from Mexico at the start of the war, to a vacancy in the Supreme Court.
  • June 4, 1942 - Prussian politician Reinhard Heydrich founds the Preußisch Verteidigung-Geschwadercorps, or PVG, a network of Secret Police and Spies designed to collect information on and carry out missions in Axis-Occupied Europe.
  • November 25, 1942 - The Northern French Vichy regime is invaded by Italy after cooperating with the allies following a battle between the two.
  • April 27, 1943 - Iran joins the Axis.
  • May 31, 1943 - Tehran is surrounded by the Allies.
  • December 8, 1943 - The Axis powers begin their joint invasion of Prussia and the Netherlands.
  • August 19, 1944 - Thailand joins the Axis.
  • September 7, 1944 - Mexican occupation of the U.S reaches it full extent.
  • January 20, 1945 - Franklin Roosevelt is elected to a third term as President of the United States.
  • March 25, 1945 - Constantinople is taken from the Ottoman Confederacy by Italy.
  • June 4, 1945 - Prussia begins production of the P1500 Landkreuzer Heavy Tank, the largest tank ever designed.
  • August 20, 1945 - The People's Republic of China (Now Taiwan) declares war on Japan and joins the Allies.
  • October 9, 1945 - American and Prussian scientists begin their joint research on Nuclear Science for the purposes of alternative energy and a possible new weapon for use against the Axis.
  • April 21, 1946 - In Prussia, the KPP and SPP merge to from the Prussian Socialist Union Party, or SUPP.
  • July 10, 1946 - The United Kingdom divides its British Raj territory into three governates; India, Pakistan and Burma.
  • July 15, 1946 - Japan exits the Axis Pact.
  • February 1, 1947 - Morocco, Saudi Arabia and the United States join the League of Nations.
  • September 12, 1947 - Josip Broz Tito forms the Anti-Fascist Partisan Resistance force in Yugoslavia during Italian, Hungarian and Bulgarian occupation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
  • January 31, 1948 - The city of Cologne is retaken from Axis occupation by the Prussian Army, with air dominance established a week prior.
  • March 12, 1948 - Brazil surrenders.
  • September 30, 1948 - Rome is captured by Allied forces.
  • November 1, 1948 - A Coruna D-Day Landing; Allied forces make a naval landing in Northern Spain and Southwestern France.
  • December 24, 1948 - The area around the Colorado river is declared officially secured by the United States Army.
  • December 25, 1948 - Both Italy and Spain surrender, only 11 hours apart.
  • January 3, 1949 - Albania is freed from Allied occupation, with the People's Republic of Albania being declared soon afterwards.
  • January 31, 1949 - Allied troops reach an area within only 100 miles of Mexico City, meeting severe resistance.
  • August 18, 1949 - The siege of Mexico D.F begins.
  • October 30, 1949 - Austria is reunited as the Republic of Austria.
  • February 28, 1950 - Mexico surrenders to Allied Forces.
    • Adolf Hitler is captured attempting to flee Mexico City.
  • August 3, 1950 - Despite the popularity of his second term, Erwin Rommel, then Prime Minister of Prussia, decides not to run for a third term.


  • March 19, 1951 - Formal allied occupation of Mexico and Iran begins.
  • November 4, 1951 - Francisco Franco and Adolf Hitler are found guilty of war crimes following the Málaga trials in Spain.
  • April 22, 1952 - The International Decolonization Accords (IDA) are signed in Cologne, Prussia by all colonial powers besides Italy.
  • August 31, 1952 - Sudan, Sierra Leone, and Guinea are granted independence from the United Kingdom.
  • April 28, 1952 - Japan denies the terms of the Treaty of San Francisco, declaring war on The United States, Soviet Union and China.
  • January 14, 1953 - Josip Broz Tito becomes president of Yugoslavia.
  • June 11, 1953 - The Soviet Union cedes Georgia and Northern Finland to The Ottoman Confederacy and Sweden respectively.
  • October 5, 1953 - Anti-Communist protests, led by the Trudoviks occur for several weeks in Moscow.
  • February 1, 1954 - Thailand declares war on the Anti-Japanese powers as part of the Pacific War.
  • March 18, 1955 - Cyprus is granted independence from the United Kingdom.
  • August 18, 1955 - Sudanese Civil War begins.
  • November 30, 1955 - Following the capture of Sapporo, Japan surrenders to the U.S and its allies, ending the Pacific War.
  • May 20, 1956 - The Republic of Manchuria is made independent from Japan.
  • June 15, 1957 - The Red Coast Federation is granted independence from Prussia.
RD Colonial Africa

Colonial claims in Africa before the League of Nations Decolonization Accords

  • December 25, 1959 - Prussia, Portugal, the Ottoman Confederacy, Mexico and the U.C.A.S (Union of Central American States) are admitted as members of NATO.
  • December 31, 1959 - All League of Nations members adopt The Rights of the Child declaration, including the United States, which adopts it two years later.
  • January 4, 1960 - Cameroon gains its independence from Prussia.
  • February 18, 1960 - Changchun, in Manchuria, hosts the Ninth Winter Olympics.
  • April 13, 1960 - All Chinese Communists, including Mao Zedong, are exiled to the island of Taiwan, where they establish the People's Republic of China.
  • October 26, 1961 - Southern Sudan joins the Central African Republic, ending the Sudanese civil war.
  • April 4, 1962 - Saudi Arabia invades British Oman, forming the Saudi Federation.
  • September 17, 1962 - France and Britain cede Djibouti and Somaliland, respectively, to Ethiopia.
  • April 1, 1964 - The Malayan Federation is formed.
  • August 22, 1965 - Unrest begins in the region of Catalonia, Spain, as protesters call for Catalonian independence.
  • June 30, 1966 - France leaves NATO.
  • January 5, 1968 - Czechoslovakia is invaded by the Soviet Union in an attempt to expand the members of the then failing Comintern Pact. The Soviet Incursion War begins.
  • October 11, 1968 - The Israeli State votes by a 53 to 47 percent margin to remain in the Ottoman Confederacy.

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