Point of Divergence
Late Tenth and Eleventh Centuries
Twelfth Century


  • 987 (First POD): Hugh Capet is elected King of the Franks. The Carolingian heir, Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine, challenges the election, thus beginning the Capetian War.
  • 988: After the death of Adalberon, Archbishop of Reims, Hugh names Arnulf, the illegitimate son of King Lothair, to the position on the condition Arnulf takes an oath of fealty to him. Even though he does, Arnulf turns on Hugh and supports his half-brother, Charles, and opens the gates of Reims to him.
  • 993: In an attempt to win a decisive victory, Hugh Capet and his allies march on Reims. The attempt fails as their army meets Charles' on unfavorable ground. In the ensuing battle, Hugh is killed, leaving no effective opposition to the return of Carolingian rule.
  • 1002: St. Brice's Day Massacre. Æthelred II of England orders the death of every Dane in England. Among the victims is Gunhilde, sister of King Sweyn I of Denmark (Sweyn Forkbeard), and possible her husband.
  • 1003 - 1012:Sweyn Forkbeard leads several large raiding parties into England, pillaging East Anglia and Northumbia.
  • 1012: Otto, Duke of Lower Lorraine, and King of the Franks after succeeding his father Charles, dies. The principal branch of the Carolingian dynasty dies with him. The Francian throne is passed to Richard II of Normandy.
  • 1013: Sweyn Forkbeard invades England with the full Danish army. Æthelred II is forced to flee to Normandy, and Sweyn is crowned King of England.
  • 1014: After a mere month of rule in England, Sweyn Forkbeard dies. As his realm is divided amongst his sons, the Anglo-Saxon lords invite Æthelred to return from exile to reclaim the throne. The Danish forces are knocked out of England.
  • 1015: Cnut, son of Sweyn Forkbeard, looking to reclaim England, which supposed to have been allotted to him after his father's death, lands in Dorset with a Danish army, beginning a new war
  • 1016 (Second POD): In April, Æthelred II, who has not so much as ventured anywhere near the war zone, dies, and his son Edmund succeeds him. Edmund fights a well-fought campaign, but is cornered and defeated at the Battle of Assandun on October 18. After the battle, Edmund and Cnut agree to divide England between, Wessex to Edmund, the old Danelaw to Cnut, on the condition that whoever outlives the other shall receive the other's portion. Edmund and the Saxon nobles appeared to intend to honor it, until an assassination attempt by alleged Danish sympathizers destroys any good faith in the Saxons. Wessex begins preparing for a future war with Cnut or his successors.
  • 1026: After the death of Richard I, the Francian throne passes to the Aquitainian Ramnulfids.
  • 1032: Edmund II of Wessex dies. Before word reaches Cnut in Denmark, his son is coronated as Edward III. In retaliation, Cnut begins amassing an invasion force to conquer Wessex. Later in the year, he invades, beginning the War of Wessexian Succession.
  • 1035: With Danish-held Lincoln threatened by Edwards advances, Cnut meets him outside the city. In the ensuing battle, Cnut is killed by an arrow strike, and his army is routed. Cnuts son Harald makes peace with Edward, solidifying the split of England, and takes the Regnal name Harald I of Jórvík.
  • 1035: Aragon is detached from Navarre, Ramiro I, illegitimate son of Sancho III of Navarre, is made ruler of Aragon.
  • 1056: Harald I dies, leaving no legitimate heirs. Traditionally, this would mean Jórvík would pass to Haralds older brother, Harthacnut, King of Denmark. The Jórvíkian nobles however, decide to not involve themselves in the war with Svealand and a rebellious Norway, and thus elect Haralds illegitimate son, Ælfwine, King.
  • 1058: After the death of King William III, Odo of Champagne is elected King. However, William II of Normandy, also known as William the Bastard, contests the election, and has himself voted in as anti-King.
  • 1059: After nine months of conflict, Odo dies in battle with William. With opposition gone, William is crowned King as William IV. William would be the first to take the title "Emperor of Francia", or alternatively "Emperor of the Franks".
  • 1066: Harald Hardrada, king of Norway invades Jórvík, pushing a flimsy claim to the kingdom. While successful at first, Harald is killed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge. With their leader killed, the Norwegian army retreats home. Following Haralds death, a succession struggle between his two sons, Magnus and Olaf, begins.
  • 1069: The Norwegian civil war ends as Magnus and Olaf sign a peace to divide Norway based on their areas of control, the north to Olaf, the south to Magnus.
  • 1081: King Aelfwine of Jórvík, the bastard son of Harald I, dies. His son, Knut Ælfwinesson, Jarl of Jórvík, succeeds him as Cnut II, also as the first king from the House of Jórvík.
  • 1095: Pope Urban II calls for a crusade against the Muslims controlling the Holy Land.
  • 1099: the crusaders capture the city of Jerusalem, ending the First Crusade.


  • 982: Erik Thorvaldsson, also known as Erik the Red, is exiled from Iceland for "some killings" he committed. Sailing west, he lands in Greenland.
  • 985: his exile now expired, Erik the Red returns to Iceland with tales of Greenland. Convincing about five thousand people to help him colonize.
  • 986: establishing Eystribyggð (Eastern Settlement) and Vestribyggð (Western Settlement) begin their lives. The two areas chosen for the settlements prove to be the best areas for farming, and during the summer each send large groups of men to hunt in the northern straits.
  • 1002: the settlements in Greenland continue to grow, especially with a large influx of Odinists fleeing the advances of Christianity. Realizing the settlement would soon reach compacity, Erik and his son, Lief, embark on another voyage to find new lands for the new settlers. During the voyage, Erik recorded the existence of Helluland ("Land of Flat Rocks"), Markland ("Forest Land"), and Vinland ("Vine Land"). The last of these would be where Erik decides to establish the new settlement, calling it Straumfjörðhur ("Straumfjörð" translates to "Stream-fjord").
  • 1005: Erik the Red dies of an endemic brought by a new wave of settlers. His son, Lief Eriksson, takes over leading the settlements.
  • 1006: Snorri Thorfinnsson is born in Straumfjörðhur, Vinland. He is the first European to be born in the New World.
  • 1010: as Straumfjörðhur grows, the first recorded contact with Eriksbjord natives, called Skraelings in the sagas, is made when a group is seen observing the settlement. Despite being the first known instance, it is likely small-scale contact and trade occurred before.
  • 1015: a second settlement on Vinland, called Liefstad, is founded further south than Straumfjörðhur (at OTL St. Johns, Newfoundland).
  • 1020: Lief Eriksson dies in Vinland. His son Thorkell Liefsson succeeds him as chief. He begins a concerted effort to make peace with, and Christianize, the Skraelings.
  • 1031: as the population continues to grow with new births and settlers, the Norse population of Vinland establishes a small council to govern it. This would be the basis for the later Althing.
  • 1034: Snorri Thorfinnsson returns to Vinland after living in Greenland since 1011. He begins acquiring wealth through the growing livestock imports, namely sheep and goats.
  • 1039: Thorkell Liefsson dies. While he had been preparing his son, Lief Thorkellsson, to take his place when he died, Snorri Thorfinnsson, now the most powerful and wealthy man in Vinland, seizes his place through intimidation, threatening to cut off livestock imports.
  • 1041: two settlements are established on the coast of Markland to accommodate the rapidly growing population.
  • 1050: Snorri Thorfinnsson dies, leaving his wealth and position to his son, Thorgeir Snorrason.
  • 1068: Thorgeir Snorrason attempts to take control of agriculture exports to help line his own pockets, this proves a step too far for Eriksson supporters who rebel against Thorgeirs regime. After gaining the support of the local Skraelings, the Eriksson faction prevails. Leif Thorkellsson assumes control over Vinland. Dissatisfied with the lack of Norwegian or Icelandic support (not knowing of nigh-constant wars in Scandinavia), Leif uses his position, and heritage as a great-grandson of Erik the Red, to declare Vinland an independent kingdom. Establishing an Althing to appease those who would fear a autocratic monarchy, Leifs role as long functioned much as a speaker, and Vinland was divided into counties and jarldoms, each sending representatives to the Althing.

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