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|673-725 (80-28 BC) (L'Uniona Homanus)||725-773 (28 BC- 20 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)||773-843 (20-90 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)|
The Second Srivijaya Expansion, Maharajah Balaputra.
The Srivijaya Empire opened a new campaign of expansion after gaining a safe and uncontested border with the Sinican Kingdoms. The Srivijaya developed a great fleet, called the Golden Fleet, to move to take the remainder of the islands of Indonesia as well as the great island of Australia which held great ports, though no hinterland.The Maharajah Balaputra who ascended to the throne in 725 (28 BC) prepared his naval forces. At the same time an alliance was formed with Japan to assure that these gains would be recognized by the other naval power in the Pacific. The Battle of Melanesia led the Srivijaya to take the remainder of the islands of Indonesia as well as prepare a launch base for a surrounding of the Island of Australia. The move into the Gulf of Carpentaria set up a base for an invasion into any of the other islands that could threaten the Srivijaya. The rest of the island would not be bothered with and many Aboriginal of Australia ignored the Srivijaya. Next in the goals of the Srivijaya was to solidify an alliance with the other countries in Asia and the islands. The Treaty of the Islands set in stone the agreement of Japan and Srivijaya to protect each other if either were to come under attack. The Second Treaty of Hainan allowed the Srivijaya and the Nanese to protect each other in a similar manner. While this happened the Mongols and the Bei people convened a peace against the Empire of Japan which was still hated by both of them. The United Kingdom and the Song-Tang Commonwealth removed themselves from any deliberation of peace treaties between their other neighbors.
The Textile and Printing Industries
From Song-Tang came an invention meant to make clothing and silk weaving a more developed part of the Song-Tang economy and to concentrate the economy of the two kingdoms into one commonwealth. This technology, after being stolen by the United Kingdom, became a central part of the trading economy between these kingdoms. Each began to take the textile invention and develop their own style of fashion as well as reduce the unemployment among their people. The only kingdom kept out of this was the Empire of Japan which sold the metal and wood that made them but never bothered asking what they went towards. The Printing press which had long been in use for the printing of newspapers from the elites of Sinica became a staple of pamphleteers in the Kingdoms which also made information about the political affairs of the countries expand. The elections of Dukes in the Song-Tang Commonwealth focused more on their relations with other countries, neither of these kingdoms had a tradition of neutrality and it was in many ways seen as a sign of weakness. The Dukes of old were thrown out in exchange for separate parties which allied themselves with the two camps that were split between the Mongols and the Kingdom of Bei, as the Bei Kingdom had been saved by Song in the Sino-Japanese War and the other camp that allied itself with the Srivijaya because they favored the new Empire and saw them as a wealthy ally. These political divisions made elections of King by the Dukes more contentious than they had ever been. The interregnum period which had never before lasted more than a month and a half took almost two years before a double alliance was reached and the next King, King Hong 宏, became the King of the Song-Tang Commonwealth in 742 (11 BC). This however satisfied no one.
The Song-Tang Civil War 742-753 (11 BC- 1 AD)
The Song-Tang Commonwealth was consumed by the differences between the now very political members of their society. The King was taken prisoner by the Tang independence movement and taken deep into the heart of Tang, where they had no real opposition. They were followed by the Song, who still wanted to have a commonwealth, with the intention of restoring the King. Once the Song forces found the King to be of no major importance the leadership in the Song military moved to take all of Tang and operate under the Song Family under the ostensibly named Song-Tang Commonwealth. Many of the high ranking members of the Song Military were part of the Song family or a very close family. As news spread to the other kingdoms about the conflicts in Song-Tang their motivations also spread with the widespread newspapers in use throughout Sinica. The Tang Resistance that wanted to ally with the Srivijaya sent letter after letter pleading for assistance. The Srivijaya for the most part refused to take action, that is until they were confronted by their ally Japan which saw an opportunity to weaken the Sinican unity that was growing with the combination of kingdoms into larger entities. The Srivijaya moved, though with a modest force, to aid the Tang in, what was called by their presses, a fight for independence from a tyrannical farce of a commonwealth. The Japanese were by no means no known to have orchestrated this engagement by the Srivijaya in Sinican affairs; the Kingdom of Bei and their ally in Mongolia saw this as a declaration of war on the whole of Sinica and prepared to rebuild the commonwealth and return Asia to the state it had before this war. The Song gained a military advantage with the enraged and numerous troops of Bei and Mongolia.
The Great Sinican War 753-767 (1-14 AD)
What was a quarrel between political rivals developed from a Civil War to an entanglement that drew in all the countries of Sinica except the United Kingdom which allowed this to happen all around them. While the countries moved troops into Song-Tang the United Kingdom became an object of courtship among all its neighbors, even Japan. The Song-Tang Commonwealth was dissolving as troops from the Bei-Mongolia troops and the Srivijaya-Japanese Alliance moved in to fight a proxy war withe Song-Tang as the stage and the excuse. The States of Song and Tang which were so peaceful and advanced became nothing more than a large battle ground. The atrocities that took place in cities like Chengdu and Lanzhou became the topics of debate in The United Kingdom as they had been in the Song-Tang Commonwealth. Also like the Commonwealth, before its eruption into chaos, the King of The United Kingdom had died shortly after the Song-Tang Civil War began, a new election was needed.Unlike in Song-Tang, however, the next King was an opinionated man that won over almost all of the Dukes of the Kingdom. The next King spoke of the glory of his Kingdom and the necessity of action in the face of the changing world around them. This King, King Zhao Chuan 趙穿, brought the protection orders and the militaries of the several states into a permanent force and not simply a coalition of desperate forces. The United Kingdom moved in a great force to liberate the Song-Tang people from the war of attrition that had become characteristic of the conflict to the west of the United Kingdom. The moves to take Beijing were decoys to remove the Bei forces from the mix with the other kingdoms. The mongols had no desire to take on the Japanese and the Srivijaya alone so they also retreated to the plains above Bei. Srivijaya and Japan took these to be successes for their Empires and opportunities for expansion and annexation. The United Kingdom took these Empires on with the remaining momentum they had. In less than three years of battle the Japanese and the Srivijaya surrendered the country of Song-Tang retreated to their borders which the United Kingdom refused to violate as a term of the surrender. From the removal of the Mongols and the Kingdom of Bei to the surrender of the Srivijaya and Japanese was a length of about one thousand days. These became the most proud one thousand days for the United Kingdom.
The United Kingdom declared the independence of the Song-Tang commonwealth though many of their dukes and royal families had been killed. The short occupation forces disinherited the remaining members and replaced them with sympathizers toward the United Kingdom. The Commonwealth payed tribute to the country that “restored their peace and proper order.” The government of Song-Tang began a program of rebuilding and the new policies were used as an excuse to take away the rights and the voting system won by the people in recent years. Many of them were happy to be alive. This state of affairs continued through the reign of Zhao Chuan and his successors. Being a native of Han the state of Han built many new palaces, schools, and other buildings with the tribute money from the commonwealth. Many of these were named after King Zhou Chuan.
The greatness of this war did not come from the amount of participants, or the amount of money spent upon it. What was great about the war was the amount of bodies left in such a restricted area. the confusion set up among the soldiers had some of them attacking their allied nations. The gathering of the bodies left such a number that the counters would not release it to the public. The estimates that were later stolen and released to the demanding people was a shocking and unprecedented five million soldiers and that does not account for the civilians that died in the battles, fires, or starved to death.
The United Kingdom had become the most prosperous country in Sinica while the other countries, with the exception of the Japanese Empire, faltering. From the end of the Great Sinican War, which left the Song-Tang Commonwealth as a client state of the United Kingdom, the greatest figure on the continent was the King of the United Kingdom, Zhao Chuan. When he died in the year 770 (17 AD) he remained a great figure for the leadership in the United Kingdom military. As according to the constitution of the United Kingdom the next King to be elected needed to be from one of the other kingdoms, this time he was from Yan, however some desired to give the throne to a descendant of Zhao Chuan. The government was given to the next Yan king despite objections from the military orders.
The High General of the United Army, who was also the half-brother of Zhao Chuan, gained much popularity among his soldiers. After the first few years of the successor king, named Han Xianchu 韩先楚 he took the name Han in an attempt to make himself more palatable to the common people, the High General, named Xu Zhelin 许震林 made a move. He moved a small force, his best soldiers, into the position of body guard for the King in a sign of reconciliation of any hard feelings between the king and “his” military. Xu Zhelin also arranged a trip by King Xianchu to the Song-Tang Commonwealth, and he was expected to announce their conjoining into a larger kingdom.
When the King was asleep in a palace inn Song-Tang the forces moved to poison everything around him. Once he was dead his body was staged to look like a suicide and the reason which was anonymously released to the newspapers, actually written by the High General, was that the stress was too much. Not being too popular or unpopular, and also having only been king for about five years, no one was too upset at his death. The controversy came when Zhelin declared himself King once they returned Xianchu’s body to the mausoleum of Kings in the city of Xi’an. He declared in his speech over the body of the old king, that not only did he deserve to be King due to his bloodline but also that such was the will of Han Xianchu.
The crowds were wild with support from the oratory and military record of their new King. The military moved into the other kingdoms and was greeted with a mostly accepting attitude and faced little resistance, that is until he encroached upon the capital of Xi’an.
The Battle for Xi.
The Kingdom of Xi had always been protected by its mountains, this allowed its population to develop peacefully and without the threat of invasion even from its much larger neighbors. The United Kingdom placed its capital in Xi’an, which was the capital of Xi when it was its own Kingdom, because it was the most protected city in any of the member kingdoms. Rather than be primarily an external conflict, the Xi military, which was a small protection order kept by that kingdom due to its independent attitudes, was facing both the internal population, which had many immigrants from the other kingdoms, and the usurper’s forces. In the winter of the year 771 (18 AD) the mountains of the Kingdom of Xi were a battleground.The resistance movement in the city of Xi’an moved against the current governor who was leading the protection order against the forces of Zhelin, he decided to open fire on the people of Xi’an leaving almost no survivors. The few who’s blood did not stain the stones and snow of the city escaped to the Song-Tang Commonwealth where they would spread the word of the atrocities. The Song-Tang military was still fighting cities in the lower Tang region who were trying to defect so they could not move anywhere. The fight between the order of Xi and the military of the United Kingdom was long and drawn out. The generals expected to move quickly through the mountain passes and to take the city within a year. The Xi were believed to have but a limited supply of bullets and they could be overcome quickly. The problem would be the small and sometimes hidden cities that were in other parts of the small kingdom.
As the forces of the United Kingdom moved into the passes, the orders of Xi instituted the same policies they had used for generations. They took command from the peaks and the higher points of the mountains and dropped small shrapnel grenades into the valleys. Also, caves and crevasses in the sides of the slopes could be used as bases for traps and ambushes. These guerrilla fortifications were also used as hideouts and shelters for people who were escaping the cities that were on the fronts of the United Kingdom forces.
The taking of the city of Xi’an after the almost flooding of the small kingdom with troops was at first a signal of triumph for King Zhelin who was in the back of the military movements which were continuing towards Xi. Xi’an was the center of wealth in Sinica because of its seemingly impenetrable mountain ranges. When it was captured the soldiers moved immediately to the banks and treasuries which were scattered throughout the city. Some of these were designed with traps to kill anyone who was able to break through. The United Kingdom forces, however, had no trouble moving into the vaults and storage units of the government and the banks. The problem came when they discovered that they were empty.
The General had been moving the money from the banks and out into a sheltered area outside of the Kingdom of Xi. The troops that stayed behind initiated the Great Avalanche which took almost all of the troops in the city of Xi and surrounding settlements. The forces of the United Kingdom continued to move into any cities they could find looking for any place where the fortunes of centuries could be hidden. The atrocities that happened in Xi when internal enemies tried to take over the capital would not be the last to happen in this conflict. King Zhelin, being furious at the loss of his troops, and the loss of what money could have been hidden from them, created many mass graves for the people of Xi. The expanse of death and destruction was indiscriminate and left no room for survivors. The Xi army was nowhere to be found in the kingdom and the war was declared over in the year 773 (20 AD).
|673-725 (80-28 BC) (L'Uniona Homanus)||725-773 (28 BC- 20 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)||773-843 (20-90 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)|