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The 32nd and 31st Centuries are signaled as the beginning of the Bronze Age of history. This time frame also sees the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. The subsequent rise of the newly united Egyptian Kingdom.
Pre 3201 BCE
|Bronze Age Pt. 1|
|Bronze Age Pt. 2:|
EgyptBy 3200 BCE King Iry-Hor had united and controlled a massive amount of the Upper Egyptian Kingdom from his home of Abydos. A natural rivalry formed between him and the then ruler of the Lower Egyptian Kingdom, King Mekh. However, a borderland of sorts lay between them, as various nations blocked them from ever going to war with one another directly. Regardless, both nations tried to gain the upper hand by influencing the nearby nations and expanding their hegemony. In 3127 BCE, an Upper Egyptian noble was born, the son of King Ka of Upper Egypt, and was given the name of Narmer. Narmer would later go onto to marry Neithhotep, who was the heir of the Lower Egyptian throne, driving the Lower and Upper Egyptian nations to war in 3112 BCE. When in battle against Upper Egyptian forces, King Ka died, and his son, Narmer, took up leadership in the war against the Upper Egyptian Kingdom under the rule of Ro-Hor. The war would last 10 years, and by the age of 25 Narmer would win the war after Ro-Hor and his cavalry were struck down by a rogue barrage of arrows at a battle in central Egypt. With no one to ascend Ro-Hor's throne, Narmer was proclaimed the King of Upper Egypt, effectively crowning himself the First King of Egypt.
In 3100 BCE Narmer's only son and future Pharaoh Hor-Aha is born. After Narmer's full unification of the Egyptian kingdoms he spent most of his reign building up relations with other groups or nations outside the Egyptian Kingdom, most notably the Nubian tribes, the tribes in the Southern Levant, and tribes south of the Egyptian Kingdom. Narmer also worked on having a written common language in Egypt, working alongside the most intelligent proto-scribes in Egypt. As head general within the Egyptian Army, he utilized the strength of newly-discovered copper ore, implamenting it in Egyptian weapons.
When Hor-Aha took the throne in 3070 BCE, after his father's death, he followed in his father's steps to help improve the Egyptian Kingdom. He continued to trade with outside nations, even setting up an outpost in the Southern Levant. By 3068 BCE Hor-Aha had declared war his former trade partners, the Nubian tribes to the south of his kingdom, after various raids left small towns and farms devastated. Hor-Aha would then lead his army to kill the Nubian leader Ta-Sety. The Egyptians succeeded and with no one to lead the Nubians the remaining belligerents fled west, away from the Egyptians' reach. Hor-Aha secured the hegemony of the Nubian tribes, and appointed his son Djer, who was born on 3073 BCE, as a client king over the Nubians. When Hor-Aha died in 3037 BCE, Djer took over the throne of Egypt at the age of 36, with his own two children ready to succeed, provided he died. Djer would rule for 40 years after the death of Hor-Aha, and his firstborn son Djet would take the throne in 2996 BCE.
Rest of the WorldDuring the 32nd Century many Celtic structures and megaliths were built throughout the British Isles. A successful example were the inhabitants of the Orkney Isles, in the town of Skara Brae. Other Celtic peoples built the Newgrange temple in Ireland, and the stones of Stonehenge. The wooden wheel was invented in Central Europa, and various farming techniques would be invented and improved upon in the Sumer and the Tigris-Euphrates Valley, who's ideas would eventually make it to Egypt. Meanwhile, in the Indus River Valley, drainage and sewage techniques would be invented.