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358 BCE- The remains of Northern Thrace (not under Athenian control), is inherited by King Cersobleptes. To the west, to counter the invading tribes, Phillip marches into Paeonia and assumes Macedonian control up to Lake Ohrid. Helmetrus's title of "First General", expires and is renewed by his supporters. In fear of increasing power by the rising family, Helmetrus inherits a group of rich opposition leaders, who are envious of the Strategos. Rome defeats the Volsci tribe and annex their territory.
357 BCE- The new Thracian King attempts an invasion of Athenian territory in the South of Thrace as well as in Thracian Chesonese. Timotheus and Helmetrus are dispatched to deal with the invasion, but by the time they arrive, Cersobleptes as already secured the peninsula. Despite under orders from the Assembly and Archon to return home and resupply, Helmetrus rallies forth and defeats Cersobleptes at the Battle of Sestus. Phillip II illegally occupies the Athenian city of Amphipolis, along with its gold mines. In response, the Athenian Navy moves to strike the Macedonians.
356 BCE- War erupts across Greece and Persia as a result of Macedonian aggression and the quickly decaying political systems of the world. Chaos erupts in the Persian Empire, with several Satrap's rebelling against the King. The most prominent Satrap, Artabzos, defeats his Persian nemesis twice, throwing the Empire deeper into confusion. Phillip offers the Athenians a territorial deal, which the Athenians reject. The Macedonian army attempts to invade Athenian Thesally, but the Greek fleet destroys Phillip's armada and prevents any significant advances.
355 BCE- Phillip withdraws from Thesally, and adopts a defensive stance against his enemies, no major engagements occur.
354 BCE- Timotheus dies of a lung infection, and a period of mourning is declared across Athens. In the absence of Athenian military motions, Phillip leaves his position and marches on the Athenian city of Methoni, which he burns to the ground as a message. This aggressive action throws the Athenian people at Helmetrus's feet, along with many of his supporters. Timotheus's backers also join Helmetrus, which ignites fears amongst the Assembly of a possible heredity succession. Helmetrus's enemies move against him, and attempts to assassinate him near his home outside of the city. The conspiracy is revealed as the plan is carried out, and Helmetrus is warned just in time. He kills one of the conspirators as they advance on him, before he forces their surrender by a contingency of Athenian guards. Helmetrus returns to the assembly, where the Athenian people grant him special administrating powers. The General elects a hike in taxes to support his war against Phillip.
353 BCE- Phoenicians move south against Athenian Thessaly, giving Phillip time to advance again. Helmetrus begins his march north with the Athenian army though the mountains with the full force of the empire.
352 BCE- Athens allies itself with the Phoenicians in a move against Macedonia, and engages Phillip in the bloodiest battle in Ancient Greek history, Volo. Helmetrus's greatest victory ends the war against Macedon, and forces Phillip to make personal secesions to Athens.
351 BCE- Athens passes a series of legislation, increasing funding towards defensive projects. The Athenian Treasury reaches its largest quantity in the last 30 years, two million drachma. Rome defeats the Etruscans are defeated by a Consular Roman army, and are forced to make peace. The revolts in Persia spread to Cyprus and Phoenicia.
350 BCE- King Arybbas of Epirus, defeats his cousin Alexander, who had previously received support from Phillip. Halicarnassus is finally completed.
349 BCE- The Rebellious city of Sion is besieged by Persian forces.
348 BCE- Sidon is taken after months of siege, and the Persian forces brutally sack the city. Rome and Carthage construct a trade and political agreement, ending aggression between Latin States and Phoenician colonies.
347 BCE- Macedon explodes into civil war and strife. Despite Phillips popularity in Macedon (for his previous victories against Athens), Amyntas IV, the rightful king of Macedon, rallies against his uncle who had stolen his throne. Now 18 years of age, Amyntas moves against his uncle with an army of 15,000. Phillip, who is fighting a series of wars in the north, is forced to retreat south to secure his throne.
346 BCE- Athenian politician and general, Eurphanes, defeats a series of barbarian incursions from the North West, as a result he is also proclaimed First General. Eurphanes is granted command of the Athenian expeditionary forces, and sails to Syracuse in response to a civil war in the nation between the current Tyrant, Sion (Dion's son), and the ex-king Dionysus II. As the war begins spilling into Athenian territory, Eurphanes seizes the moment and invades, defeating Dionysus three times before returning to Syracuse. Sion welcomes him into the city as a Syracusan hero, but instead, the Athenian turns his armed forces against Syracuse and sacks the city. Sion is killed in the massacre and the Athenian army tramples over much of the city. As a result, the Second Syracusan War comes to an end, and Syracuse and its territory is formely annexed to Athens. Eurphanes is recalled home as a victor and is bestowed a large drachma sum by Helmetrus. The Macedonian hostage to Athens, Alexander, begins to show prominence, and is adopted by Helmetrus himself.
345 BCE- Helmetrus becomes increasingly attached to Alexander, and legally makes Alexander's relationship to Phillip 'void'. When word reaches Phillip of the act, he quickly moves to siege an Athenian City, garrisoned by Amyntas's armies. He slaughters the small garrison and burns the city to the ground, sending its governorships head to Helmetrus.
344 BCE- Helmetrus and Eurphanes initiate a political alliance, and both agree to a renewed war against Macedon. Helmetrus's opposition, however, shoot down the appeal in the Assembly by bribing the people with three gold drachmas each. Phillip, pleased with the action, marches his army to directly confront Amyntas, who has assumed command of his army. Phillip seizes Europos while attempting to engage Amyntas, who simultaneously captures the city of Edessa.
343 BCE- The Persian King, Artaxerex III, invades Egypt at the head of a massive Persian army. The war is quick and decisive, and the 30th Dynasty of Egypt collapses. The entirety of Egypt is reduced to a client state and satrapy of the quickly growing Persian Empire. Phillip suffers extreme casualties in the early winter, halting all campaigns for the following year.
342 BCE- Amyntas seeks Phillip's weakening army throughout the early spring, finally engaging him 20 miles from Edessa. Phillip's army is decimated, and the King himself is captured within the fighting. As a result, Phillip is executed and Amyntas is promptly crowned the sole ruler of Macedon. He then demands Alexander's return as tribute, and execution to eliminate resistance. Helmetrus refuses without hesitation.
The war between Rome and the Samnites escalates, until finally the two opposing forces meet at the Battle of Mount Gaurus.
341 BCE- Amyntas secures his power by warring in Thrace, soundly defeating and annexing all of Thrace, including several Athenian cities which he considers, "payback" for Helmetrus's refusal. Athens rallies a Grand alliance of the remaining independent states to crush Amyntas. Initially, the Athenian people are critical of the decision, and the opposition, led by the Archon, turns the proposal away for a second time. Helmetrus is forced to wait for the correct moment to appease the people, which occurs when the Macedonian army marches through Kisos, violating Athenian territory. In reaction, the Assembly unanimously votes for war.
340 BCE- The Macedonian War begins.
338 BCE- The Eunuch, Bagoas assassinates the Persian King and all of his elder sons, and replaces him with the youngest heir, Arses, who becomes a mere puppet for Bagoas.
337 BCE- Arsus attempts to free himself from Bagoas's rule, but is murdered by the eunuch's assassins, who attempt to install a new king, Codomannus as Darius III of Persia. Darius separates himself from Bagoas, who responds by assassinating Darius. With the throne empty, and Bagoas determined to sustain control, he appointed himself as temporary King of Persia, becoming the Regent until a proper heir could be found.
335 BCE- The Macedonian War concludes, resulting the total defeat of Macedonian Forces at the hands of the new Athenian Kingdom, whose victory had greatly reduced its war capacity. Cales is taken by Roman Forces, with a new colony established at the site.
334 BCE- With much of the Persian Empire in rebellion, and Bagoas, unable to find a stable heir, the Eunuch declares himself the legitimate King of Persia and appoints his nephew, Charecemous, as heir to the throne. Bagoas, coronated as Artaxerxes V, King of Persia, moves to secure his empire by centralizing his authority. Alexander passes the Πολεμιστές όλων των ανδρών, establishing Greeks, rather then Athenians exclusively, as prominent members of the nation. With these new proclamations, the Kingdom of Athens swells its manpower to pre-war levels, and prepares itself to a series of expeditions.
333 BCE- Artaxerxes, moves south to Egypt, in an attempt to pacify a local rebellion by the Egyptian Satrapy, which Alexander interprets as an opportunity to strike against his eastern enemies, and prepares a proper invasion of Egypt. Alexander's Invasion of Egypt, begins in July of 333 BCE, with 40,000 Athenians under his command. The Alexander's Invasion of Egypt (also known as the Egyptian Rebellion) begins with the Battle of the Nile.
332 BCE- The war concludes, and Alexander is married to Takelot's first daughter, Atramedes, securing the alliance between Egypt and Greece.
331 BCE- The Persians pay Alexander the total sum of the treasury of its new Northern Cities, the capital of which he names Alexandria and pours 200,000 drachma into its continued expansion. The expansionist policy of the Persian Empire ends, and Artaxerxes begins to solidfy his authority at home. The Battle of Pandosia occurs in Italy between the Latin States while Rome, though outside the war, begins to assert its power over central Italy.
330 BCE- New Laws open naturalization to all Greek and Egyptian Citizens, and taxes are levied on a new scale, expanding the wealth and trade of the new Kingdom. First shipments of grain arrive from Egypt, and the price of the commodity plummits, opening cheap food across the Athenian Dominions. Alexander begins to issue fortification editcs, the first of which is positioned along the Sinai to protect against possible Persian incursions. Construction will continue for the following three years.
Vitruvius Vaccus leads a failed rebellion against Rome, decisively defeated by the Roman Consuls of the year.
329 BCE- Atramedes bears her first son, Prince Alexander of Memphis, born of Athenian, Macedonian, and Egyptian blood.
328 BCE- Alexander levies new taxes on the Aegean Islands, bringing total income to 200,000 drachma a year.
327 BCE- The Samnite Army marches and seizes Neapolis. The Romans, however, take this opportunity to siege the city, and force the Samnites to withdraw, snatching Neapolis from the hands of the Samnite Forces.
The Sinai Wall is completed, and at the time, is the largest defensive fortification center in the world.
326 BCE- The Samnites declare war on Rome in response to the seizure of Neapolis, igniting the Second Samnite War.
325 BCE- Artaxerxes V dies, and is replaced by his nephew, Darius IV, a General in the Persian Armies. Darius asserts his authority by launching a series of campaigns into Scythian territory, scoring numerous victories and earning a comfirmed popularity by the people.
324 BCE- Four Athenian statesmen, Helmrex, Windrethes, and Arimines, are convicted by Alexander's magistrates of misusing 30,000 drachma of state funds. All four politicians are put to death, but after the conclusion of the sentence, evidence is released that the magistrates had bribed the local heliasts to order the sentence, despite the lack of sufficient evidence. The Senior Magistrates, corrupted by opponents of the statesmen, flee Athens to the Kingdom of Epirus, a client state of Athens. The King of Eprius accepts Alexanders demand to extradite them, and when they are captured, it appears nearly half of Alexander's appointed magistrates were corrupted. Alexander's administration ablities are put into question, and nearly 60 officials are dismissed.
323 BCE- Greek Philosophers, most notably Aristotle, call together an intellectual council in Athens. Supported and funded by Athens, prominent new thinkers, such as Eristes, come to such conclusions on the relationship between state and the gods as written in the statement "Ο Θεός δεν κανόνα υψηλό, κάνουμε κανόνα χαμηλή. Θα αποφανθεί ως μία."
322 BCE- Alexander adopts the favorable conclusions devoloped at the intellectual council as guidelines for administrative and religious rule in an attempt to repair the broken reputation he suffered two years prior.
321 BCE- The Roman Army, while enjoying a string of victories, is trapped in a narrow mountain pass on the way to Samnium. The Army is attacked, and forced to make terms favorable to the Samnite nations.
320 BCE- The former city of Sparta, becomes the starting point of Alexander's new road system, called the Peloponnese Way, circumnavigating the peninsula, in an effort to promote trade and create a faster trading link between the south and Athens. The entire process requries 900,000 ducats, and begins a long decade production process that nearly bankrupts Athens.
319 BCE- The Athenian Diplomat, Demades, travels into Eprius in search of a possibile loan to aid the massive infrastructure effort that Alexander had ignited. The King of Eprius is unable to proivde more then 50,000 ducats, and Demades returns home to Athens, advocating a halt of the construction system. Alexander refuses, and the treasury of Athens continues to dwindle.
318 BCE- Athenian General, Antiperon, is assassinated by Athenian Patricians. Alexander appoints Relistin, as Antiperon's successor, while seeking the conspirators.
317 BCE- Alexander, while seeking the identification of Antiperon murderers, is assaulted and killed by Relistin, who reveals himself as the center conspirator in his attempt to return a degree of authority to the families while ending the absolutism of Alexander. Relistin proceeds to declare himself King of Athens, as Relistin I of Athens. Prince Alexander of Memphis declares himself King Alexander II, and appoints Demades as his regent, intending to march upon Relistin and his Athenian allies.
|Forging an Empire||
Reign of Alexander II
(317 BCE - 300 BCE)
In the immediate aftermath of Relistin's proclamation, Alexander was faced with treasury depletion and a questionable Army. Takelot, grandfather of the King, advocated that Alexander gather his forces and conduct an immediate invasion of Hellas, before Relistin could rally his own armies. But Alexander, barely thirteen years of age, was incapable of making such a decision - as was Demades, whom lacked proper military experince. Relistin, in addition, commanded the bulk of the Athenian Fleet - and thus a invasion attempt of Greece would most likely conclude with the destruction of the transporting navy. After holding a convention of military commanders,