2nd Punic Victory poses the question of what would have happened had Carthage emerged from the 2nd Punic wars stronger rather than weaker. This is my first solo timeline so let's see how it goes.
The major point of divergence is that Carthage comes out of the 2nd Punic war strong and in solid control of the Iberian Peninsula. This makes Carthage a lasting rival to Rome.
Differences in this Timeline
- Rome and Carthage survive to modern day.
- Julius Caesar dies in Gaul, his reforms are not made, Rome remains a republic.
- Christianity is not made Roman state religion and is suppressed until 466, where it spreads east into Persia and Arabia.
- Muhammad is executed for heresy, Islam never gets a foothold.
- Roman, Egyptian and Norse polytheistic religions survive to this day as major religions in some form.
Dual Republican Period (201 BC - 521 AD)
201 BC - 2nd Punic war ends with Carthage in firm control of the Iberian Peninsula.
146 BC - Rome concludes conquest of Greece.
54 BC - Julius Caesar is killed during the 3rd Punic Wars in Gaul.
48 BC - 3rd Punic Wars end with Gaul divided between Carthaginian Gaul and Roman Gaul.
36 BC - Octavius named Consul of Rome, begins reforms aimed at expanding national unity.
34 BC - Octavius establishes required public schooling. All Roman children under the age of 14 must attend weekly classes in Roman history and Latin. This move is hoped to promote national pride and unity.
33 BC - Octavius named Pontifex Maximus, begins process of structuring and solidifying official Roman religious practices in order to create a stable Roman religion.
14 BC - Octavius establishes the Greco-Roman Temple, separating Roman religion from government with an ordered set of religious tenets making the religion much more accessible and unified.
12 BC - Carthage concludes conquest of Albion.
14 AD - Octavius dies.
113 AD - Rome passes laws confining Christians to Judea.223 AD - Gallic Civil War begins.
234 AD - Gallic Civil War ends. Roman and Carthaginian influence in Gaul significantly reduced. Kingdom of Gallia founded.
248 AD - Britannic wars begin.
253 AD - Britannic wars end, ending Carthaginian rule of Britannian islands.
322 AD - 4th Punic Wars begin.
329 AD - 4th Punic Wars end with Carthaginian controlled Iberia reduced to Andalusia.
335 AD - Rome partitions territory creating Occitanian Republic and Anatolian Republic as client states in order to save costs.
421 AD - Christian uprising results in death of governor in Anatolian Republic. Anatolian senate declares martial law.
443 AD - Christian uprising results in loss of Anatolian control over Jerusalem.
465 AD - Anatolian forces pull out of Judea.
466 AD - Christian Kingdom of Judea founded.
521 AD - Carthaginian influence in Iberia ends with establishment of Andalusian Kingdom.
Judean Empire (523 AD-936 AD)
523 AD - Judea conquers Mecca.
583 AD - Judeo-Persian Crusade begins.
611 AD - Judea concludes conquest of Persia, beginning of Judean Empire.
615 AD - Muhammad executed for heresy.
712 AD - Judea concludes conquest of Arabian Peninsula.
799 AD - Judea concludes conquest of Anatolia.
821 AD - Judea invades Roman Greece.
824 AD - Rome invades Judean Anatolia.
832 AD - Rome pushes Judea out of Anatolia.
866 AD - Christian Anatolians rise against Roman rule.
870 AD - Rome creates Kingdom of Anatolia as an autonomous client state.
912 AD - Judea invades Egypt.
916 AD - Roman and Egyptian forces take Jerusalem.
918 AD - Rome places puppet ruler on the throne of Judea.
936 AD - Uprisings against the Heathen King peak, Judean empire collapses into several splintered kingdoms.
Warring Kingdoms Period (936 AD - 1221AD)
Nordic Empire (1221 AD - 1411 AD)
1225 AD - Siegfried begins conquest of Germania.
1229 AD - Siegfried begins conquest of remaining Finnic lands.
1236 AD - Siegfried mortally wounded in battle. On his deathbed declares his intention to return to Asgard, and that his son shall rule Midgard in his stead. His son Gunnar named Gunnar I Odinson.
1279 AD - Norselands complete conquests of Finnic and Germanic lands.
1369 AD - Nordic Empire reaches peak of expansion, controlling all of the Baltic region, most of the Britannian isles, Iceland, northern Gaul, and parts of Russia and Poland.
1376 AD - Celtic resistance in Ireland provokes heavy Celtic nationalism in Britannian Isles, resulting in frequent uprisings.
1379 AD - Nordic Empire pushed out of Britannian Islands.
1385 AD - Celtic forces push Norse forces out of Brittany.
1392 AD - Nordic Empire partitions lands into Duchies in order to decentralise and reduce unrest and focus on Russian conquests.
1401 AD - Duke of Prussia declares independence from Nordic Empire, several others follow suit.
1411 AD - Frederick I Odinson dies with no heirs. Crowns of Denmark and Sweden split. Denmark keeps western Nordic territories, Sweden keeps eastern.
Stabilisation (1411 AD - 1513 AD)
1412 AD - Kingdom of Britannia established.
1433 AD - Rome establishes autonomous client state in Greek Anatolia as Aegean Republic.
1455 AD - Kingdom of Iberia declares war on Britannia, beginning of the 15 Years War.
1456 AD - British fleet defeats Iberian fleet off the shore of Ireland.
1457 AD - Britannia allies with France against Iberia.
1460 AD - Paris falls, King of France flees to Britannia.
1463 AD - Britannia and France ally with Occitania, retake Paris.
1465 AD - British forces occupy northern Iberia.
1507 AD - Beginning of Great Schism in Punjab.
Age of Exploration (1513 AD - 1768 AD)
1513 AD - Carthaginian explorers bring back word of vast new continent to the east.
1533 AD - Colony of Carthago Novo founded in OTL Brazil.
1544 AD - Denmark founds colonies in OTL Greenland and Newfoundland, collectively referred to as Vinland.
1553 AD - France founds colony of Acadie in OTL Nova Scotia
1561 AD - Britannia founds colony of Avalon in OTL Manhattan.
1579 AD - Rome founds colony of Nova Roma in OTL Cuba
1598 AD - Rome founds colony of Nova Athenae in OTL Colombia
1601 AD - Rome founds Jupitae on OTL Mexican coast and Junopolis on the OTL Yucatan
1602 AD - Rome makes contact with the Aztec and Mayan people.
1608 AD - Rome founds Neptunae in OTL Southern Florida
1609 AD - Rome founds Nova Sparta in OTL Venezuela
Revolutionary Period (1768 AD - 1804 AD)
1768 AD - Acadian colonies declare independence from France
1772 AD - Acadia gains independence with help from Britannia
1775 AD - Rome founds colony of Roma Ocassus in OTL California
1790 AD - Britannia founds colony of New Ireland on OTL Vancouver Island
1799 AD - Napolius Bonaparta Named Tribune of Rome
Roman Empire (1804 AD - 1889 AD)
1804 AD - Napolius named Consul of Rome
1805 AD - Roman armies invade Dacia
1811 AD - Napolius names himself Emperor of Rome
1834 AD - Napolius I dies, his son Napolius II takes the throne.
1857 AD - Napolius II dies, his son Maximus I takes the throne.
1879 AD - Maximus I dies, his son Napolius III takes the throne.
1899 AD - Napolius III assassinated by Senate, returning Rome to Republican rule.
Great European War (1889 AD - 1896 AD)
1896 AD - Kingdom of Navarre established
Age of Recovery (1896 AD - 1953 AD)
Russian Imperial Wars (1953 AD - 1969 AD)
1969 - Christian Siberian Federation established