The Nigerian War of 2001, also known as the Oil Fields Crisis, was a war fought between the troubled Muslim Nigerian government of Kamal Abbajin against a force of Christian rebels who had recently taken control of large swaths of the country in the late 1990's. The United States backed Abbajin and was the second time in three years the American military fought alongside a predominantly Muslim government against a French-backed foe. It is considered a Third Era Cold War event by historians. With US military backing, the Abbajin government was successful in securing the Niger Delta and the oil fields, but were forced to sell off generous oil contracts to foreign, predominantly American, companies. Human rights abuses in the years following have earned the American government criticism for their support of the Abbajin regime.