1967 Hormuz War
Chemical weapon1

October 6, 1967


October 10, 1967


Strait of Hormuz, Persian Gulf, Arabia, and Persia


White Peace


Flag of Saudi Arabia Arabia

Flag of France French Empire

Flag of the United States United States

Flag of England England

Flag of PersiaPersia


Flag of Saudi Arabia Faisal of Arabia

Flag of the United States Nick Clooney

Flag of Persia Mohammad Rezā Shāh Pahlavī


Flag of Saudi Arabia5,000

Flag of France 675

Flag of the United States 2000

Flag of England One battlecruiser

Flag of Persia 14,000

Casualties and Losses

977 men
(including French, American, English, and Arabian Casualties).

(including civilians)

The 1967 Hormuz War or commonly called the Hormuz Incident was a five-day conflict in 1967 between Arabia and Persia. The conflict's roots can be traced back to 1949 when Persia laid claim to the Strait of Hormuz, which Arabia claimed back in 1929. The catalyst for the war occurred when the Persian Navy blockaded the Strait of Hormuz in early September as well as opening fire on Arabian ports and off shore oil wells. The provocative incidents of Persia, caused oil prices in the United States and France to spike up from 0.33 to nearly $3.12, due to the fact that 70% of the world's oil is transported through the Strait of Hormuz. After negotiations between Washington and Tehran failed, American President Nick Clooney authorized a military strike against the Persian Navy. After the authorization, Clooney flew to Riydah to discuss with the Faisal of Arabia to use Arabian airfields as an staging ground for military strikes against Persia by the United States Air Force.

Military Buildup in Arabia

On October 1, the 19th Squadron from Elmendorf Air Force Base in Alaska arrived at Hafar Al-Batin Air Base in northwestern Arabia. Meanwhile, Carrier Strike Group Nine was deployed from Pearl Harbor to the Persian Gulf to provide air support for the 19th Squadron and the Royal Arabian Air Force. Meanwhile, three companies from the French Foreign Legion arrived via Israel and were placed at the border of Persia and Arabia. The HMS Hood, which was in Kuwaiti City getting refueled for anti-pirate operations in the Indian Ocean, was trapped inside the Persian Gulf.


Sinking of the Hood (10/6/67 - 10/7/67)

At 11:45pm on October 6, the HMS Hood attempted to run the blockade, but became engaged in a battle with two Persian destroyers. Meanwhile, a majority of the command was killed from an round from an destroyer destroyed the bridge, and cost the ship to lose all chain of command. Even without a chain of command, individual groups of sailors continue to fight on against the Persians. Two torpedoes launched from a destroyer exploded below the waterline on the port side, causing the ship to list to the starboard. The Hood continued to fight on, but at 1:42am, an armor-piercing round hit the magazine, tearing the ship apart, and the order to abandon ship was given. The Hood listed heavily to the starboard side before the stern was lifted out of the water, and finally was swept beneath the waves. Two destroyers circled around the distressed sailors and opened fire on them, killing or wounding the majority of them, the two destroyers were later sent into retreat by the `19th Squadron from the Arabian Air Force.

Destruction of the Persian Blockade (10/7/67)

At around 7:23am on October 7, the 19th Air Squadron and Carrier Strike Group were beginning major bombing campaign against the Persian blockade. At 8:09am, the air strike against the Persian blockade began when the first wave of McDonnell F-4 Phantom's strafed the blockade and destroyed an single destroyer with anti-ship missiles. The second wave arrived at 8:30am, and began to target the farthest cruisers with anti-ship missiles and white phosphorous rounds. The third wave arrived at 9:21am, and began to target the center. Most cruisers and the blockade leader was struck by an chunk of shrapnel at around 10:19am. The attacks were followed by a massive bomb raid against the blockade, which sunk or damaged the remainder of the cruisers.

Bombing of Coastal Targets (10/8 - 10/10/67)

Bombing of an Persian Airfield
Photograph of an aftermath of a Tomahawk strike on Persian airfield. With the Persian blockade destroyed, President Clooney decided the best way to stop another incident like this was to bomb the coastal ports of Persia. The bombing - often called Operation: Rolling Thunder - began on October 8, when American B-52's from Syria flew over Arabian airspace and dropped tons of high explosives down on the port cities of Bandar, Bandar-e-Abbas and other major port cities along the Gulf coast of Persia. The bombing was followed by Tomahawk strikes on Omidiyeh Air Base, Rajaei Port, Bandar Abbas Refinery, Havadarya Airport, and Bandar Abbas International Airport. The strikes crippled the Persian Navy and Air Force for a long time after the end of the war.

Effects of the War


The victory over Persia allowed Arabia to "sleep more peacefully" knowing that its longtime enemy cannot launch an surprise attack against the nation. The victory also affirmed Arabia as a regional power, due to its ability to project large amounts of military force and political influence across the Middle East.


The defeat by Arabia led to the decrease in support from the Tokyo Pact, and the Russian Empire threatened to kick Persia out, but was stopped by the Empire of Japan. The defeat also moved Persia from a regional power to a middle power. The air and missile strikes against Persian targets crippled a majority of the Persian Navy, and the destruction of over 89 aircraft.

United States

The American victory was a major success for President Clooney, whose approval rating skyrocketed following the victory. However, the protest over cluster bomb use has led to the Cluster Munition Convention in Dublin on January 12, 2010.

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