The 1960s were the seventh decade of the 20th century, starting on January 1, 1960 and ending on December 31, 1969.



November 8: Republican Vice President Richard Nixon defeats Democratic Senator John F. Kennedy in the 1960 Presidential election to become the President-elect.

November 11: A coup in South Vietnam led by __ and ___ succeeds in overthrowing dictator Ngo Dinh Diem, who is shot dead at Tan Son Nhat Airport by army forces in the evening when trying to flee to a plane that will take him to the United Kingdom. The image of Diem's body lying, bloodied, on the tarmac came to be an enduring symbol of the coup,

November 12: A junta is formed in South Vietnam and Le Van Kim is appointed Premier. Diem's brother, Ngo Dinh Nhu, and his wife Madame Nhu, are captured and imprisoned early in the morning and placed under house arrest in Saigon. Later in the afternoon, the Viet Cong launches surprise attacks in the northern highlands.


January 20: Richard Milhous Nixon is inaugurated as the 35th President of the United States, succeeding Dwight Eisenhower, under whom he served as Vice President. Henry Cabot Lodge is inaugurated as the 37th Vice President of the United States. In his inaugural address, Nixon states, "As we forge forth into this new decade, America is and will continue to be the beacon of light more prosperity, peace and prudence in the world."

January 26: On a flight from Washington, D.C. to an event in Kansas City, President Nixon is briefed on Operation Pluto, a tentative plan to attack Cuba that begun planning under Eisenhower. Nixon gives the plan the go-ahead, and it is approved by the State Department the next day for a tentative "D-Day" of February 26. The landing will occur at Trinidad on the south coast, near Cuban rebels in the Escambray Mountains and with excellent port facilities.

January 29: In response to the death of Patrice Lumumba in Congo, Katangese leader Moise Tshombe is assassinated by Lumumbists when one of his bodyguards is paid off. This helps escalate the violence in the Republic of the Congo, leading to increased CIA attention to the region.

February 4: President Nixon gives his first State of the Union address to a joint session of Congress, in which he declares that the state of the union is "stronger than ever before" and personally applauds his opponent in his 1960 election race, Senator Kennedy, for a "spirited debate on the principles and future of this great nation." He also refers to the new Cuban regime as an "immediate threat on our borders," the harshest terms used publically by an American official towards Fidel Castro, and states that the "situation in South Vietnam" demands ongoing attention.

February 26: Operation Pluto is commenced


May 16: 1962 Canadian federal election held to elect the 26th Parliament of Canada. John Diefenbaker's PC majority government is reduced, albeit with a reduced majority and losing 47 seats, with the Liberals gaining 40 and the New Democratic Party gaining 7. The Social Credit Party is shut out of government once again despite its local strength in the West.

November 6: Democrats gain a net five Senate seats in that fall's midterm elections and gain three seats in the House of Representatives. Democrat Dennis Chavez would later die and be replaced by a Republican, negating the gain to four seats.








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