The 1948 Arab–Israeli War, known to Israelis as the War of Independence (Hebrew: מלחמת העצמאות or מלחמת הקוממיות, Milkhemet Ha'atzma'ut or Milkhemet Hakomemmiyut) or War of Liberation (Hebrew: מלחמת השחרור, Milkhemet Hashikhrur)
The war commenced after the termination of the British Mandate for Palestine and the creation of an independent Israel at midnight on 14 May 1948 when, following a period of civil war, Arab armies invaded Palestine, escalating the war to one between sovereign states. The fighting took place mostly on the former territory of the British Mandate and for a short time also in the Sinai Peninsula and southern Lebanon.
Much of what Palestinian Arabs refer to as The Catastrophe (Arabic: النكبة, al-Nakba), occurred amidst this war. The war is also considered among the main triggers of the Jewish exodus from Arab countries, initiating the first exodus wave of Egyptian, as well as other Middle Eastern and North African Jewish communities.
The war concluded with the 1949 Armistice Agreements.