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Alternate History

1948 Arab–Israeli War (Southern Victory)

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1948 Arab–Israeli War
Ink flag
Beginning:

15 May 1948

End:

7 January 1949

Place:

Israel (former Mandate Palestine), Sinai Peninsula, southern Lebanon

Outcome:

Israeli and Confederate victory, tactical and strategic Arab failure, Armistice Agreements

Combatants

Israel

Confederate States of America

California

Egypt

Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

Syria

Transjordan

Lebanon

Iraq

Saudi Arabia

Yemen

Holy War Army

Arab Liberation Army

Muslim Brotherhood

Commanders

David Ben-Gurion

Omar Bradley

Chaim Weizmann

Yigael Yadin

Yaakov Dori

David Shaltiel Isser Be'eri

Moshe Dayan Yisrael Galili

Yigal Allon

Yitzhak Rabin

Shimon Avidan

Yitzhak Pundak

Yisrael Amir

John Bagot Glubb

Norman Lash

Habis al-Majali

Hasan Salama †

Fawzi Al-Qawuqji

Ahmed Ali al-Mwawi

Haj Amin Al-Husseini

King Farouk I

Muhammad Naguib

Abdul Rahman Hassan Azzam

Husni al-Za'im

Strength

Confederacy: 1,057,000

Israel: 29,677

Egypt: 10,000 initially, rising to 20,000

Iraq: 3,000 initially, rising to 15,000–18,000

Syria: 2,500–5,000

Transjordan: 8,000–12,000

Lebanon: 1,000

Saudi Arabia: 800–1,200

Yemen: 300

Arab Liberation Army: 3,500–6,000

Casualties and Losses

7,165

10,000 – 23,000

The 1948 Arab–Israeli War, known to Israelis as the War of Independence (Hebrew: מלחמת העצמאות or מלחמת הקוממיות‎, Milkhemet Ha'atzma'ut or Milkhemet Hakomemmiyut) or War of Liberation (Hebrew: מלחמת השחרור‎, Milkhemet Hashikhrur)

The war commenced after the termination of the British Mandate for Palestine and the creation of an independent Israel at midnight on 14 May 1948 when, following a period of civil war, Arab armies invaded Palestine, escalating the war to one between sovereign states. The fighting took place mostly on the former territory of the British Mandate and for a short time also in the Sinai Peninsula and southern Lebanon.

Much of what Palestinian Arabs refer to as The Catastrophe (Arabic: النكبة‎, al-Nakba), occurred amidst this war. The war is also considered among the main triggers of the Jewish exodus from Arab countries, initiating the first exodus wave of Egyptian, as well as other Middle Eastern and North African Jewish communities.

The war concluded with the 1949 Armistice Agreements.

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