1948 Arab–Israeli War
Ink flag

15 May 1948


7 January 1949


Israel (former Mandate Palestine), Sinai Peninsula, southern Lebanon


Israeli and Confederate victory, tactical and strategic Arab failure, Armistice Agreements



Confederate States of America



Anglo-Egyptian Sudan





Saudi Arabia


Holy War Army

Arab Liberation Army

Muslim Brotherhood


David Ben-Gurion

Omar Bradley

Chaim Weizmann

Yigael Yadin

Yaakov Dori

David Shaltiel Isser Be'eri

Moshe Dayan Yisrael Galili

Yigal Allon

Yitzhak Rabin

Shimon Avidan

Yitzhak Pundak

Yisrael Amir

John Bagot Glubb

Norman Lash

Habis al-Majali

Hasan Salama †

Fawzi Al-Qawuqji

Ahmed Ali al-Mwawi

Haj Amin Al-Husseini

King Farouk I

Muhammad Naguib

Abdul Rahman Hassan Azzam

Husni al-Za'im


Confederacy: 1,057,000

Israel: 29,677

Egypt: 10,000 initially, rising to 20,000

Iraq: 3,000 initially, rising to 15,000–18,000

Syria: 2,500–5,000

Transjordan: 8,000–12,000

Lebanon: 1,000

Saudi Arabia: 800–1,200

Yemen: 300

Arab Liberation Army: 3,500–6,000

Casualties and Losses


10,000 – 23,000

The 1948 Arab–Israeli War, known to Israelis as the War of Independence (Hebrew: מלחמת העצמאות or מלחמת הקוממיות‎, Milkhemet Ha'atzma'ut or Milkhemet Hakomemmiyut) or War of Liberation (Hebrew: מלחמת השחרור‎, Milkhemet Hashikhrur)

The war commenced after the termination of the British Mandate for Palestine and the creation of an independent Israel at midnight on 14 May 1948 when, following a period of civil war, Arab armies invaded Palestine, escalating the war to one between sovereign states. The fighting took place mostly on the former territory of the British Mandate and for a short time also in the Sinai Peninsula and southern Lebanon.

Much of what Palestinian Arabs refer to as The Catastrophe (Arabic: النكبة‎, al-Nakba), occurred amidst this war. The war is also considered among the main triggers of the Jewish exodus from Arab countries, initiating the first exodus wave of Egyptian, as well as other Middle Eastern and North African Jewish communities.

The war concluded with the 1949 Armistice Agreements.

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