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It was the ill-conceived brain-child of Germany's Admiral Hinze Manningburg, who thought he could use the Kriegsmarine and a small force of Turkish and Chechen volunteers to support a deep thrust from the recently defeated town of Astrakhan, toward the Turkish border, with the help of a Lithuanian infantry unit and Hungarian armoured unit near Rostov-upon-Don. The Soviet NVKD spy service had done their homework whilst the SPETNAZ forces had organised a well-executed ambush around | Nalchik. Mountain ambushes involving artillery, sniper fire, anti-tank mines and Katyusha mobile rocket launchers all took their toll both at Sochi, Nalchik and Novorossiysk. The Chechens did manage to free there territory after several Luftwaffe arms drops, but this prove very costly for the Luftwaffe, due to the large concentration of Soviet anti-Aircraft guns around Groznyy. The only major gains were in the Maykop and Krasnodar regions of the Kuban, but the losses and the sinking of one of the six German frigates and a Turkish volunteer’s patrol boat by a covert SPETNAZ solo submarine unit made the overall strategic value of the operation become rather dubious.
Causes of the conflict
It was the ill-conceived brain-child of Germany's Admiral Hinze Manningburg, who thought he could use the Kriegsmarine and a small force of Turkish and Chechen volunteers to support a deep thrust from the recently defeated town of Astrakhan, towards the Turkish border. The Chechen and Maykop oilfields were urgently needed to fuel the German forces in southern Russia and the Caucases.
Germany and Hungary would use the traditional Chechen and Lithuanian dislike of Communism and Russians as a ready source of propaganda. Iran (Persian: ایران ), like Turkey, also had a stake in the territories of the Caucuses Mountains and Turkmenistan.
A heavy Soviet victory.
Whilst Germany would gain several important places such as the oil wells in Chechnya and Maykop, the South Caucuses west of Tiflis and most of the south western Kuban would remain under Soviet rule indefinitely. Germany's advance in Russia would be blunted until Omsk in 1949.