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Alternate History

1946 Kuban Incident (Hitler's World)

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Previous:

1946 Poti Raid

Next:

1946 Battle For Bahrain

1946 Kuban incident.
German POWs in Moscow 2,000 captured Germans and Hungarians paraded through Krasnodar.
Beginning:

December 12, 1946

End:

December 24, 1946

Place:

Krasnodar Oblast, the Kalmykia Autonomous Oblast, the Aygdey Autonomous Oblast, the Kabardino-Balkar Autonomous Republic and Sochi.

Outcome:

A heavy Soviet victory.

Major battles:

Sochi town
Nalchik town
Maykop town
Krasnodar city
Novorossiysk.

Combatants

Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Germany
Flag of Hungary (1920–1946) Hungary
Flag of Lithuania 1939 Lithuanian Volunteers
Flag of Turkey Turkish volunteers
State Flag of Iran (1964-1980) Persian volunteers
Flag of Chechen Republic before 2004 Chechen volunteers.

Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955) USSR
Flag of Kuban People's Republic Communist Kuban Cossacks
Flag of Poland Free Poland
600px-Flag of Kalmykiaq Kalmykia Communist militias
Flag of Karachay-Balkaria Karachay-Balkaria militias
local Tarta militias.

Commanders

Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Admiral Hinze Manningburg
Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Marshal Hermann Hoth
Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Luftwaffe-general Hans Seidemann
Flag of Hungary (1920–1946) Marshal Nagy Honlkis.

Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955) General Zhukov
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955) Marshal Konstantin Rokossovskiy
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955) Aleksandr Vasilevsky
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955) Joseph Stalin.

Strength

≈7,500.

≈5,800.

Casualties and Losses

≈4,900 (2,000 were captured including Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Admiral Hinze Manningburg).

≈2,100.

Overview

It was the ill-conceived brain-child of Germany's Admiral Hinze Manningburg, who thought he could use the Kriegsmarine and a small force of Turkish and Chechen volunteers to support a deep thrust from the recently defeated town of Astrakhan, towards the Turkish border, with the help of a Lithuanian infantry unit and Hungarian armoured unit near Rostov-upon-Don. The Soviet NVKD spy service had done their homework whilst the SPETNAZ forces had organised a well-executed ambush around | Nalchik. Mountain ambushes involving artillery, sniper fire, anti-tank mines and katyusha mobile rocket launchers all took their toll both at Sochi, Nalchik and Novorossiysk. The Chechens did manage to free there territory after several Luftwaffe arms drops, but this prove very costly for the Luftwaffe, due to the large concentration of Soviet anti-Aircraft guns around Groznyy. The only major gains were in the Maykop and Krasnodar regions of the Kuban, but the losses and the sinking of one of the six German frigates and a Turkish volunteer’s patrol boat by a covert SPETNAZ solo submarine unit made the overall strategic value of the operation become rather dubious.

Causes of the conflict

It was the ill-conceived brain-child of Germany's Admiral Hinze Manningburg, who thought he could use the Kriegsmarine and a small force of Turkish and Chechen volunteers to support a deep thrust from the recently defeated town of Astrakhan, towards the Turkish border. The Chechen and Maykop oilfields were urgently needed to fuel the German forces in southern Russia and the Caucases.

Tactics

Germany and Hungary would use the traditional Chechen and Lithuanian dislike of Communism and Russians as a ready source of propaganda. Iran (Persian: ایران ), like Turkey, also had a stake in the territories of the Caucuses Mountains and Turkmenistan.

Result

A heavy Soviet victory.

Political outcome

Whilst Germany would gain several important places such as the oil wells in Chechnya and Maykop, the South Caucuses west of Tiflis and most of the south western Kuban would remain under Soviet rule indefinitely. Germany's advance in Russia would be blunted until Omsk in 1949.

Also see

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