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A pre-emptive strike was required on the Red Navy dockyards at Poti in connection to the planned southern thrust by Axis forces. Luftwaffe sent 12 dive bombers and 16 fighters from Turkey, as with the raid on Sochi in 1944, to for fill the successful mission. Turkish and German troops would manage to land in Batumi and doggedly hold on to a 6km pocket of land fanning out from the city centre from the 4 to the 14th. As the Turkish Frigate Mustafa shelled out Batumi, it was badly damaged in a dual with the Soviet cruiser Perm, which was also moderately damaged in the conflict.This gave the German forces in the southern thrust a breathing space and helped divert Soviet forces from the on-going occupation of a by then rebelling Iran.
Causes of the conflict
A pre-emptive strike was required on the Red Navy dockyard at Poti, which was badly damaged in the raid. The Turkish felt they had been cheated out of their historic claims to the port of Batumi and its hinterlands. This was why the campaign meant so much to them. Iran, like Turkey, also had a stake in the territories of the Caucuses mountains and Turkmenistan.
The historic friction between Russia and the Caucuses, especially under communism was exploited by the Axis forces.
A heavy German and Turkish victory
Turkey and Iran were encouraged by their small victory over Bolshevism and stayed on the German’s side.