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1946 Battle For Bahrain


The 1946 Battle For Oman

The 1946 Battle for Qatar
1983DD Qatar MapThe Kingdom of Qatar

December 21, 1946


December 23, 1946




An Axis victory

Major battles:



Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Germany
Flag of Turkey Turkey
State Flag of Iran (1964-1980) Persian volunteers
Avar Arab Ba'arth republic of Dammam Arab rebels
Flag of Argentina Argentine volunteers

Flag of Qatar Qatar
Flag of Bahrain Bahrain
Flag of the Trucial States The Trucial States
Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South African garrison forces
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand garrison forces
Flag of Cuba Cuban volunteers
Flag of Venezuela Venezuelan volunteers


Flag of Turkey General Mustafa Abdul Hülia
Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Admiral Karl Dornitz
Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Major General Erwin Rommel
Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Major General Stefan Kurt Graff

Flag of Qatar Shiekh Abdulla Hamad Ali bin Isa Al Khalifa
Flag of Bahrain Shiekh Ali Khalifa Mohamed bin Hamad Al Thani
Flag of the Trucial States Colonel Sheikh Abdul Al Kissim
Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Captain Henery Viktor De-Volk




Casualties and Losses

15 (14 local Arabs)

14 (13 local Arabs and a South African)


Qatar (Arabic: قطر‎), also known as the State of Qatar or locally Dawlat Qaṭar, is an Arab emirate in the Middle East, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula and is ruled by monarchy by Al Thani family.

With Turkey and Germany realising oil was also of importance to the Allies, a small detachment of German secret agents, various volunteer forces and Turkish troops covertly by see on several cargo ships to encourage a local rebellion. The three day anti-colonial uprising didn't work out as planned, but some agents were landed and the harbour at Doha was wrecked by the German corvette Helga. The town of Dohar had its two Qatarie Fiat L6/40 tanks destroyed by German panzershrecks after a fierce street battle on the second day. Both the The 1946 Battle For Oman and the 1946 Trucial States Rebellion happened at nearly the same time. The nations' fledgling oil industry had its only oil well was also blown up by saboteurs.

Causes of the conflict

The cutting off of the Allied oil supply was seen as a tactical necessity at the time. Turkey also needed to open up a third front in the Middle East for the Axis and which would also give them the advantage of creating a second gateway into Saudi Arabia, for their forces to enter.


Both Turkey and Germany had realised oil was also of importance to the Allies. An Arab successful insurgency could gain them some permanent access to Gulf oil, while blowing up pipelines and the like could reduce output to the Allies for some time. The Turkish navy first blockaded the coastal ports, which led to mass starvation for several weeks. With the morale weakened and 60% of the Allied soldiers dead as a result of hunger, the Sultan simply ordered a force of 20,000 Turkish troops to invade and sweep the rest of the country. The Althani family quickly sought asylum in, and the remaining Allied forces retreated South into the Kingdom of Saud.


A complete Axis victory, leading to the entire Kingdom being brought under Turkish military rule. Oil supplies to the Allies were disrupted for several weeks and proved to be a major blow for them.

Political outcome

Turkey was emboldened and stayed on the German’s side. South Africa's leader, Jan Smuts, would also praise his troops' efforts and rally the colonial forces in the Gulf for many years to come.

Also see

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