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Qatar (Arabic: قطر), also known as the State of Qatar or locally Dawlat Qaṭar, is an Arab emirate in the Middle East, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula and is ruled by monarchy by Al Thani family.
With Turkey and Germany realising oil was also of importance to the Allies, a small detachment of German secret agents, various volunteer forces and Turkish troops covertly by see on several cargo ships to encourage a local rebellion. The three day anti-colonial uprising didn't work out as planned, but some agents were landed and the harbour at Doha was wrecked by the German corvette Helga. The town of Dohar had its two Qatarie Fiat L6/40 tanks destroyed by German panzershrecks after a fierce street battle on the second day. Both the The 1946 Battle For Oman and the 1946 Trucial States Rebellion happened at nearly the same time. The nations' fledgling oil industry had its only oil well was also blown up by saboteurs.
Causes of the conflict
The cutting off of the Allied oil supply was seen as a tactical necessity at the time. Turkey also needed to open up a third front in the Middle East for the Axis and which would also give them the advantage of creating a second gateway into Saudi Arabia, for their forces to enter.
Both Turkey and Germany had realised oil was also of importance to the Allies. An Arab successful insurgency could gain them some permanent access to Gulf oil, while blowing up pipelines and the like could reduce output to the Allies for some time. The Turkish navy first blockaded the coastal ports, which led to mass starvation for several weeks. With the morale weakened and 60% of the Allied soldiers dead as a result of hunger, the Sultan simply ordered a force of 20,000 Turkish troops to invade and sweep the rest of the country. The Althani family quickly sought asylum in, and the remaining Allied forces retreated South into the Kingdom of Saud.
A complete Axis victory, leading to the entire Kingdom being brought under Turkish military rule. Oil supplies to the Allies were disrupted for several weeks and proved to be a major blow for them.
Turkey was emboldened and stayed on the German’s side. South Africa's leader, Jan Smuts, would also praise his troops' efforts and rally the colonial forces in the Gulf for many years to come.