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1945 Battle of Chita (Hitler's World)

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Previous:

1945 Battle of Omsk

Next:

1946 Hertford Rebellion

1945 Battle of Chita
Americans in bastogne 3 American volunteers laying in wait near Chita.
Beginning:

November 2, 1945

End:

November 24, 1945

Place:

Chita Oblast

Outcome:

A Soviet and Mongolian defensive victory

Major battles:

Chita

Combatants

Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Germany
Flag of Romania România
Flag of Hungary (1920–1946) Hungary
Flag of Nazi Norway Norwegen Quizlings
Franceaxisworld Vichy France
US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick USA volunteers,
Danish volunteers.

Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955) USSR
Flag of the People's Republic of China Communist China
Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1940-1992) Mongolia
Flag of Sakha Sakha communist malitias
Flag of Buryatia Buryatia communist malitias

Commanders

Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Marshal Eric Von-Manstine
Flag of Romania General Anton României.

Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955) General Georgi Zhukov
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955) General Yuri Konsantinov
Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1940-1992) Möngie Chingi Mairhut
Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1940-1992) Ünen Damdinsüren

Strength

≈2,900

≈ 6,500

Casualties and Losses

≈1,800

≈2,500

Overview

German advanced through a gap between the Soviet forces on the Novosibirsk and Irkutsk Fronts in to the eastern part of Chita Oblast in order encircles the Soviet holding out at Irkutsk after winning at Omsk. A perticuly fearice clash occurred in between German [|Panzerkampfwagen E-100] and BA-10 armoured cars clashed with 6 Mongolian BA-10 armoured cars and 20 Soviet TP7 tanks , 3 IS-2 Heavy, [|NI-tractor] and 4 KV-1 Heavy tanks with heavy losses on both sides just north of the city of Chita. Although all the tanks had been adapted on all sides to cope in the snow (with the use of wider than average tracks), the lighter TP7 tanks and BA 10 half-track armoured cars had a mobility advantage in the heavy snow. Mines, ambushes, suicide attacks and snipers all used to deadly effect by both sides to the conflict to.

Causes of the conflict

A Waffen-SS Suicide Squadrons detachment from the SS Division Das Reich, armed with 10 captured Soviet BA-10 armored cars, 20 [Panzerkampfwagen | E-100 Panzerkampfwagen] and 10 Tiger II tanks advanced through a gap between the Soviet forces on the Novosibirsk and Irkutsk Fronts in to the eastern part of Chita Oblast in order encircles the Soviet holding out at Irkutsk.

Tactics

The Germans had manipulated the fear of communism in Europe to call upon extra forces from Vichy France (which was not invaded as in OTL) and troops from Norway, Hungary, Romania and the USA, and Denmark. This allowed Germany to mustering a massive German-allied force of Hungarian, Danish, Norwegian, and Romanian divisions. The Soviets and Mongolians used both the bitterly cold water, heavy snow and terrain to their full tactical advantage.

Result

A Soviet and Mongolian defensive victory. The Germans had been held off long enough for Stalin to begin a counter offensive, with the rebuilding of tanks and divisions, the Red army could now immediately get itself back up and strike hard against the German-allied armies. The Soviet high command assessed the importance of bringing Germany deeper and deeper into the heart of Siberia, where it could now unleash a very destructive guerrilla war using the bitter cold and winter as an ally.

Political outcome

With its immediate goals achieved Germany, Romania, Vichy France and Hungary could afford to consolidate their gains and fall back to the more secure territories around Omsk and Kurgan. It was also this period where mass defections and dessertings began to take place in the Red army, many Soviet soldiers were simply tired and could not see an end to this bloody war or quite simply others believed that they were fighting an unbeatable enemy.

Also see

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