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1944 Iraqi Rebellion (Hitler's World)

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Previous:

The 1944 Belgrade Rising

Next:

1944-45 Murmansk Siege

The 1944 Iraqi Rebellion
Location of the Iraq OTL A map of Iraq.
Beginning:

June 12, 1944

End:

June 24, 1944

Place:

Northern Iraq

Outcome:

A clear Allied victory

Major battles:

Mosul, Kirkuk, Arbill, Al Basra, Kuwait City .

Combatants

Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Germany
Flag of Turkey Turkish volenteers
State Flag of Iran (1964-1980) Persian volunteers
Avar Arab Ba'arth republic of Dammam Arab rebels

Flag of Iraq 1924 Iraq
Flag of the Trucial States The Trucial States
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Flag of Australia Australian garrison forces
Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada
Flag of Kuwait Kuwait
Flag of Kurdistan Kurdish mallita men.

Commanders

Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Erwin Rommel
Flag of Turkey General Mustafa Abdul Hülia

Flag of Iraq 1924 General Ali Sabire Al-Kutt
Flag of the Trucial States Colonel Sheikh Abdul Al Kissim
Flag of Saudi Arabia Colonel Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah Al-Abdul Bin-Saud
Flag of Australia Sergeant Hugh Kit O'Conner
Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Sergeant Ian Sean MacKay.

Strength

1,665

1,287

Casualties and Losses

129

127

Overview

With Turkey and Germany realising oil was also of importance to the Allies, a small detachment of German secret agents, Persian volunteers and Turkish troops covertly in to Iraq to stur up an Arab and Kurdish hatred of the colonial authorities. The Kurds mostly disliked the Turks as much as the British, but the Arabs were ready to move. Erwin Rommel’s wise use of armoured made some initial gains against the ex-colonial forces around Mosul, Kirkuk and Arbil, but the locals were not impressed and stayed neutral. The 12 day invasion finally imploded due to the Kurds not being interested and both The Trucial States, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia liberating Al Basra after some heavy street to street fighting with Persian volunteer forces on the 20th. A minor riot in Kuwait City was quickly squashed on the 23rd by Kuwaiti and Australian forces.

Causes of the conflict

The cutting off of the Allied oil supply was seen as a tactical necessity at the time. There was also the long term need to consolidate the gains they had made in northern Egypt, Palestine and Vichy held Syria. Turkey had long since craved for revenge like its counterpart Germany for World War 1, the Arab rebels who betrayed the Islamic cause and rebelled against the Sultan deserved to bleed slowly to death. Turkey had its eyes on reconquering the Arabian peninsula - in particular Mecca and Media, Islam's holiest cities.

Tactics

Both Turkey and Germany had realised oil was also of importance to the Allies. A successful Arab and/or Kurdish insurgency could gain them some permanent access to Gulf oil, while blowing up pipelines an alike could reduce output to the Allies for some time.

Result

A clear Trucial States victory, but oil supplies to the Allies were disrupted for several weeks.

Political outcome

Turkey and Persia were emboldened and stayed on the German’s side. The Sultan now had a clear and broad base where he could launch an invasion of Saudi Arabia. Large groups of ex-rebel soldiers and other Iraqi military personnel began to join Turkish ranks, to fight Jihad (holy war). Turkey finally launched its invasion of Saudi Arabia with forces of up to 500,000 Iraqi and other Arab soldiers under their command.

Also see

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