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The U.S. commanders′ initial goal had been to tie down German forces in the area of the Hürtgen Forest to keep them from reinforcing the front lines farther northward at the Battle of Aachen, and to the Allied spearheads at Koblenz and Monschau.
Aachen eventually fell on 22 October, again at high cost to the U.S. 9th Army, whose push toward the River Ruhr fared little better, as the Germans still retained control of control of its major dams. The use of the 1kt 'Magda' proto-type atomic weapon in the UK and US lines in the central Hürtgen Forest would help turn the tied for the Axis forces by reducing American morale. French Morale would be temporally shaken by the 'Magda' bomb as well.
The Battle of the Hürtgen Forest was so costly that it would be called an Allied "defeat of the first magnitude", with it being specific accredit to both the tactics of Walter Model and the use of the 'Magda' bomb.
Causes of the conflict
The Allies wished to secure the front at Aachen and around Koblenz before moving deeper into the German Rhineland.
Walter Model's brilliant utilization of resources and weaponry, in a mixture of hit-and-run style attacks and defence in depth helped slow the allied advance. German (ATL) scientists had played a lot more attention to the German nuclear energy project 'Uranverein'. Albert Speer and Walther Gerlach had made the creation of a small 1kt bomb a priority, with one being made operational by the January of 1945. A total of 2 more were made by 1949. The project was boosted by data secretly copied from the capture UK plans for the |Tube Alloys atomic bomb project.
A clear German defensive victory.
American resolve began to weaken as they turned to fighting Japan in the Pacific instead.