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The 1944 Battle of Hilversum


1945 Kazakhstan border War

The 1944-45 Battle Of The Bulge.
800px-Disabled Char B1 1940 A disabled French tank.

December 16, 1944


January 25, 1945


The Ardennes, Eastern Belgium, Antwerp, Luxembourg and Germany’s Saarland.


A close Allied victory, overall German Victory, United States withdraws from the European Theater

Major battles:

Bastogne, Chervaux, Dietrich, Vianden, Antwerp


Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Germany
Flag of Romania România
Flag of Hungary (1920–1946) Hungary
Franceaxisworld Vichy France
Flag of Nazi Norway Norwegian Quizlings

US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick USA,
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada

Flag of Free France 1940-1944 Free France
Flag of Belgium Free Belgian Forces
Luxembourg.flag Luxembourg resistance
Flag of Brazil 1968-1992 Brazil
Flag of Chile Chile


Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Walter Model
Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Gerd von Rundstedt
Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Hasso von Manteuffel
Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Sepp Dietrich
Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Erich Brandenberger
Flag of Romania General Anton României.

US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick Dwight D. Eisenhower (Supreme Allied Commander)
US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick Omar N. Bradley (12th U.S. Army Group)
US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick Courtney Hodges (1st U.S. Army)
US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick George S. Patton (3rd U.S Army)
Flag of the United Kingdom Bernard Montgomery
Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Robert Makenzi-Smith


≈ 555,000

≈ 845,000

Casualties and Losses

≈ 110,000

≈ 28,250


A trucking system known as the OTL "Red Ball Express" that brought supplies to front line troops was inefficient and overstretched. ATL German agents covertly mined the local roads on occasion bringing even more chaos to the Allied lines. By early October, the Allies suspended major offensives to improve their supply lines and availability of front line stores. Generals Patton, Montgomery, and Omar N. Bradley each pressed for priority delivery of supplies to their respective armies so they could continue their individual lines of advance and maintain pressure on the Germans. The more astute General Eisenhower, however, preferred a broad-front strategy. Montgomery's northern forces, were given a short term priority as they bore down on the German forces in Antwerp and advanced there eventual plan of capturing the Ruhr area. With the Allied advance paused, Gerd von Rundstedt found the time to reorganize the scattered German armies into a coherent defence line and go on a limited effective.

Fierce resistance, particularly around Bastogne, were terrain favoured the defenders and so threw the German timetable behind schedule.

Eventually the Allies’ superior numbers and equally overstretched German supply lines began to take their toll, slowing the German advance enough that the American troops around and in key Belgian town of Bastogne could link up with the main allied advance, cutting off a large part of the by then retreating German forces.

Causes of the conflict

Germany needed a decisive breakthrough to cut the British off on the Dutch-Belgian border and to help reduce American morale, especially as supplies were running low.


The German army initiated massacres against US troops, rounding them up in the hundreds then executing them.


A close Allied victory. However, it was one of the heaviest man losses for the US in the entire war. Suffering immense casualties.

Political outcome

The Americans conclude that it is best to call a truce on the Western Front whilst they were winning and they were better off fighting Japan in the Pacific in the long run. The UK and France were not so easily put off. Newly arrived Brazil and Chile were determined not to leave only months after joining the conflict in Europe. German, Hungarian and Romanian morale began to rise.

Also see