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1938 FIFA World Cup (An Earlier World Cup of Football)

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1938 FIFA World Cup
Tournament details
Host country Flag of Argentina Argentina
Dates 14-29 May
Teams 16 (from 4 confederations)
Venue(s) 2 (host cities: 2)
Final positions
Champions Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Italy
Runners-up Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands
Third place US flag 49 stars United States
Fourth place Flag of Portugal Portugal
Tournament statistics
Matches played 17
Goals scored 64 (3.76 per match)
Attendance 597,421 (35,142 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Giuseppe Meazza (6 goals)
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned 1934
1950

The 1938 FIFA World Cup was the seventh FIFA World Cup to be held since its inception in 1906. The bids started to come in 1933 and lasted until August 13, 1936, where Argentina won the bid to host the World Cup. This is eight years after the first World Cup to be held in South America. Fourteen teams advanced to the main competition joining Argentina (host nation) and Italy (defending champion). The Dutch East Indies became the first team to qualify through to the World Cup from the Asian region.

Italy won the World Cup for the second consecutive time after they defeated the Netherlands 2-0 in the final held in Buenos Aires. While United States finished in 3rd place after defeating Portugal in the curtain-raiser match.

Background

On February 17, 1935, FIFA brought back knockout format which in 1910 was a failure in the country of Austria. The attempt at the possibility of doing a knockout competition was further strengthened by the recent Olympic competition which was held in Germany with crowds over an average of 35,000 people.

Bids

Argentina was chosen to be the host of the 1938 FIFA World Cup after it was the only bid to come from the South America region. This meant that it would be the second time that South America would host the event after eight years.

Qualifying

Main article: 1938 FIFA World Cup qualification

Qualifications for the 1938 FIFA World Cup began in January 1937 with the WEFF Championship being held in Italy. 16 teams made it through to the finals with Latvia, Dutch East Indies and Romania all making their debuts. Denmark returned to the World Cup for the first time in 24 years while Belgium was the highest team to not make it through to the World Cup as they were ranked 4th at the time.

Europe
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria
Flag of Denmark Denmark
Flag of Hungary (1920–1946) Hungary
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Italy
Flag of Latvia Latvia
Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands
Flag of Portugal Portugal
Flag of Romania Romania
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland
Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia

CONMEBOL
Flag of Argentina Argentina
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960) Brazil
Flag of Chile Chile
Flag of Uruguay Uruguay

North America
US flag 49 stars United States

Asia
Flag of the Netherlands Dutch East Indies

Seeding

Pot 1 Pot 2

Draw

Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                           
May 14 - Avellaneda            
 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Italy  5
May 20 - Buenos Aires
 Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria  0  
 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Italy  3
May 14 - Buenos Aires
   Flag of Argentina Argentina  0  
 Flag of Chile Chile  2
May 25 - Buenos Aires
 Flag of Argentina Argentina  4  
 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Italy  5
May 15 - Avellaneda
Replayed: May 18
   Flag of Portugal Portugal  1  
 Flag of Denmark Denmark  1 (0)
May 20 - Avellaneda
 Flag of Brazil (1889-1960) Brazil  1 (3)  
 Flag of Brazil (1889-1960) Brazil  1
May 15 - Buenos Aires
   Flag of Portugal Portugal  2  
 Flag of Switzerland Switzerland  0
May 29 - Buenos Aires
 Flag of Portugal Portugal  2  
 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Italy  2
May 16 - Buenos Aires
   Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands  0
 Flag of Romania Romania  3
May 21 - Buenos Aires
 Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia  1  
 Flag of Romania Romania  1
May 16 - Avellaneda
   US flag 49 stars United States  2  
 Flag of the Netherlands Dutch East Indies  0
May 26 - Buenos Aires
 US flag 49 stars United States  5  
 US flag 49 stars United States  2
May 17 - Avellaneda
   Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands  3   Third place
 Flag of Hungary (1920–1946) Hungary  3
May 21 - Avellaneda May 29 - Buenos Aires
 Flag of Uruguay Uruguay  2  
 Flag of Hungary (1920–1946) Hungary  0  Flag of Portugal Portugal  1
May 17 - Buenos Aires
   Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands  1    US flag 49 stars United States  2
 Flag of Latvia Latvia  1
 Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands  5  

Round 1

May 14, 1938
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Italy 5-0 Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria
Meazza Soccerball shade 15'58'
Piola Soccerball shade 12'
Colaussi Soccerball shade 41'
Ferrari Soccerball shade 79'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 34,254


May 14, 1938
Flag of Chile Chile 2-4 Flag of Argentina Argentina
Domínguez Soccerball shade 23'
Muñoz Soccerball shade 77'
Zozaya Soccerball shade 16'76'
Mata Soccerball shade 31'
Scopelli Soccerball shade 55'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 68,474


May 15, 1938
Flag of Denmark Denmark 1-1 Flag of Brazil (1889-1960) Brazil
Sørensen Soccerball shade 25' Tim Soccerball shade 76'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 29,516


May 15, 1938
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland 0-2 Flag of Portugal Portugal
Peyroteo Soccerball shade 53'
Pinga Soccerball shade 76'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 44,913


May 16, 1938
Flag of Romania Romania 3-1 Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
Dobay Soccerball shade 13'62'
Kovács Soccerball shade 41'
Marjanović Soccerball shade 67'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 35,252


May 16, 1938
Flag of the Netherlands Dutch East Indies 0-5 US flag 49 stars United States
Nemchick Soccerball shade 23'57'82'
McEwan Soccerball shade 13'
Rae Soccerball shade 61'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 18,433


May 17, 1938
Flag of Hungary (1920–1946) Hungary 3-2 Flag of Uruguay Uruguay
Turay Soccerball shade 17'
Zsengellér Soccerball shade 59'
Sas Soccerball shade 82'
Varela Soccerball shade 29'34'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 29,885


May 17, 1938
Flag of Latvia Latvia 1-5 Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands
Vestermans Soccerball shade 5' van Spaandonck Soccerball shade 47'78'
Vente Soccerball shade 23'
van Heel Soccerball shade 41'
de Boer Soccerball shade 69'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 33,626

Replay

May 18, 1938
Flag of Denmark Denmark 0-3 Flag of Brazil (1889-1960) Brazil
Leônidas Soccerball shade 28'62'
Romeu Soccerball shade 47'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 24,515

Quarter Finals

May 20, 1938
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Italy 3-0 Flag of Argentina Argentina
Piola Soccerball shade 32'
Meazza Soccerball shade 74'
Colaussi Soccerball shade 79'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 61,611


May 20, 1938
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960) Brazil 1-2 Flag of Portugal Portugal
Leônidas Soccerball shade 55' Peyroteo Soccerball shade 25'
Soeiro Soccerball shade 79'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 26,155


May 21, 1938
Flag of Romania Romania 1-2 US flag 49 stars United States
Bindea Soccerball shade 44' Nemchick Soccerball shade 33'
Volz Soccerball shade 85'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 26,733


May 21, 1938
Flag of Hungary (1920–1946) Hungary 0-1 Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands
Wels Soccerball shade 5'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 18,599

Semi Finals

May 25, 1938
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Italy 5-1 Flag of Portugal Portugal
Meazza Soccerball shade 15'42'
Piola Soccerball shade 26'79'
Locatelli Soccerball shade 18'
Cruz Soccerball shade 26'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 39,543


May 26, 1938
US flag 49 stars United States 2-3 Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands
Volz Soccerball shade 27'
Nemchick Soccerball shade 52'
Smit Soccerball shade 1'
van Heel Soccerball shade 20'
Vente Soccerball shade 77'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 39,214

Third Place Playoff

May 29, 1938
Flag of Portugal Portugal 1-2 US flag 49 stars United States
Cruz Soccerball shade 14' McAlees Soccerball shade 35'
Volz Soccerball shade 66'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 10,145

Final

May 29, 1938
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Italy 2-0 Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands
Ferrari Soccerball shade 32'
Meazza Soccerball shade 68'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 56,553

Goalscorers

6 goals

5 goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

Tournament Rankings

R Team P W D L GF GA GD Pts
1 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Italy 4 4 0 0 15 1 +14 8
2 Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands 4 3 0 1 9 5 +4 6
3 US flag 49 stars United States 4 3 0 1 11 5 +6 6
4 Flag of Portugal Portugal 4 2 0 2 6 8 -2 4
Eliminated in the quarter finals
5 Flag of Brazil (1889-1960) Brazil 3 1 1 1 5 3 +2 3
6 Flag of Romania Romania 2 1 0 1 4 3 +1 2
7 Flag of Hungary (1920–1946) Hungary 2 1 0 1 3 3 0 2
8 Flag of Argentina Argentina 2 1 0 1 4 5 -1 2
Eliminated in the opening round
9 Flag of Denmark Denmark 2 0 1 1 1 4 -3 1
10 Flag of Uruguay Uruguay 1 0 0 1 2 3 -1 0
11 Flag of Chile Chile 1 0 0 1 2 4 -2 0
12 Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 1 0 0 1 1 3 -2 0
13 Flag of Switzerland Switzerland 1 0 0 1 0 2 -2 0
14 Flag of Latvia Latvia 1 0 0 1 1 5 -4 0
=15 Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria 1 0 0 1 0 5 -5 0
Flag of the Netherlands Dutch East Indies 1 0 0 1 0 5 -5 0

Notes

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