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1930-1939 (Stresa Collapse)

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A chronology of the 1930s of the Stresa Collapse timeline.

Timeline

1931-1934 (See Wikipedia's timeline of the 1930's)

1935

  • January 1- The Italian Colonies of Tripoli and Cyrenacia and merged to form the colony of Libya
  • January 13- A plebiscite in the Territory of the Saar Basin shows that 90.3% of the population wishes to join Germany.
  • March 1- Ismet Inonu forms a new government in Turkey.
  • March 2- King Prajadhipok (Rama VII) of Siam abdicates the throne. He is succeeded by his nephew Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII)
  • March 5- Anastasios Papoulas leads a coup against the Greek government. The attempt fails, and he is later captured and executed for treason.
  • March 16- Adolph Hitler announces German rearmament in violation of the Versailles treaty.
  • June 9- China's government concedes Japanese military control of north-eastern China in the He-Umezu Agreement.
  • June 18- Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Naval Agreement, allowing Germany to construct a navy equal to 35% of the British fleet.
  • September 1- Austria is annexed by Germany, without resistance. Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia sign in secret a mutual defense pact.
  • September 15- The Nuremberg Laws go into effect in Germany
  • October 2- The Second Italo-Abyssinian war begins as General Emilio de Bono of Italy invades Ethiopia.
  • October 15- Britain closes the Suez to Italian ships.
  • November 18- The League of Nations imposes sanctions on Italy, including in critical resources such as oil and coal.

1936

  • January 20- King George V of the United Kingdom dies. His eldest son succeeds to the throne, becoming Edward VIII.
  • February 26- The Imperial Way faction engineers a failed coup against the Japanese government; some politicians are killed. Emperor Hirohito arrests 123 conspirators.
  • March 7- In violation of the Treaty of Versailles, Nazi Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.
  • March 9- Pro-democratic militarist Keisuke Okada steps down as Prime Minister of Japan and is replaced by Radical militarist Koki Hirota.
  • April 19- The Arab revolt in Palestine against the British government and opposition to Jewish immigration begins.
  • May 5- Italy and Abyssinia sign a peace accord; Abyssinia's territory is unchanged, the arms embargo is dropped, and all sanctions against Italy cease.
  • June 17- the Army of Africa launches a coup d'etat against the Second Spanish Republic, beginning the Spanish civil war.
  • August 26- The Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936 is signed, granting Egypt independence and half of Sudan. Notably, the Sinai peninsula and the Suez canal remain in British hands.
  • September 7- The Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence is signed, creating the Republic of Syria. Notably, Lebanon is kept by France.
  • November 26- the Anti-Comintern Pact is signed by Germany, Italy and Japan.
  • December 10- King Edward VIII abdicates the British throne; his brother George VI succeeds him.

1937

  • February 8- In the Spanish Civil War, Falangist troops take Malaga, Nationalist and Government troops fight each other to a stalemate in Jarama.
  • April 1- Aden becomes a British crown colony.
  • July 1- The Irish Free State accepts its new constitution.
  • July 11- Beginning of the Sino-Japanese War.
  • August 5- The Soviet Union commences the largest campaign in the Great Purge.
  • October 13- Germany guarantees in a note to Brussels the inviolability and integrity of Belgium.
  • October 18- Spanish Civil War: the whole of Northern Spain falls to the Nationalists.

1938

  • March 14- France reassures the Czechoslovak government that France will honor its treaty obligations to aid Czechoslovakia in event of a German invasion.
  • March 17- Poland presents an ultimatum to Lithuania over the status of the Vilnius region.
  • May 23- Temporarily frustrated by the Czechoslovak mobilization and international diplomatic unity in the face of German demands over the Sudetenland, Hitler orders the foreign office to assure the Czechoslovaks that he has no demands on their territory. The world at large mistakenly believes the crisis is averted.
  • May 28- Hitler declares his decision to destroy Czechoslovakia by military force, and begins mobilizing the German army. The Soviet Union declares that it is ready to defend Czechoslovakia.
  • May 30- Poland and Romania agree to block the Soviet Union from coming to the aid of Czechoslovakia.
  • September 17- Romania, despite its agreement with Poland, allows Russian soldiers free passage across her territory to defend Czechoslovakia.
  • September 23- Russian soldiers collaborate with the mobilized Czechoslovakian army to defend the Sudetenland.
  • October 27- War breaks out between Czechoslovakia and its allies and the alliance of Germany and Hungary.
  • December 11- Yugoslavia invades Hungary in support of Czechoslovakia.

1939

  • January 23- German officials accidentally leak misinformation to the effect that Germany plans to invade the Netherlands. The low countries seek closer relations with Britain.
  • January 26- France de facto abandons its previous alliance system.
  • February 2- Hungary joins the Anti-Comintern Pact
  • March 12- Yugoslavian forces manage to take swaths of western Hungary, creating what would later be called the Czech-Slovene Corridor. Yugoslavian troops help to drive German troops from southern Sudetenland in a pincer movement.
  • March 38- Francisco Franco assumes power in Madrid; end of the Spanish Civil War.
  • April 4- Fasil II becomes King of Iraq.
  • May 17- Finland, Sweden and Norway reject German offers of Non-aggression pacts.
  • September 1- Treaty of Geneva signed between the Axis and Slavic powers. The treaty grants Yugoslavia the Czech-Slovene corridor, and grants Germany the Sudetenland. Hungary is forced to pay reparations to Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.

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