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1920 to 1929 (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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Archive Fifty-One:

1910 - 1919

Archive Fifty-Two:

1920 - 1929

Archive Fifty-Three:

1930 - 1939

This page is an archive for the Principia Moderni III map game, from 1920 to 1929.

1920

To clarify some of the events of last turn, only the three independent tartar states are unifying, none of the vassals or puppet states are. This does make sense as they are independent, have local and free elections, and would realistically want to unify, since they have no clear force holding them back. 

As for China, it's not unifying straight off the bat, it's a rebellion against the Japanese states and part of their goals is to unify China. If the revolt succeeds, then the Chinese states will unify, not before. 

Spanish Indonesia begins to revolt against the Spanish. By the end of the year the nation is in full scale rebellion. (Non-Popular)

In the Caliphate, tensions between the Persians and Arabs break out and begin to grow.

Sudafrica revolts from Andea (Non-Popular).

  • Commonwealth Kingdoms of Hamburg, Hanover, Prussia, Westphalia, Rhineland, Kuba, and New Rugia: New Mecklenburg, Kameroon, and German West Africa expand by 750 px each. Naval research and development continues, this time looking to prolong the submerged time of submarines. Another experiment places a flat wooden deck on a cargo ship, intent on turning it into a seaborne airfield. The initial tests show some success, and further tests for next year are scheduled. Meanwhile, Michael Dietrich runs for a second term for German chancellor.
  • Indian Empire: Queen Farah Shah was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 441,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of India, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity. Indian troops rapidly advance into rebel territory, but are unable to secure a major breakthrough. 700,000 troops are diverted toward Assam and Southern India, with an additional 850,000 troops arriving from Western India. Riots in Kolkata by the Hindu minority are largely curbed, with the areas constituting the late Vijaynagara Empire being the main war zone. To combat the Hindu rebels, Islamist and Nationalist Brigades are also raised; with sufficient success by these groups in Assam after having completely crippled the rebel force advancing upon Visakhapatnam. The Maxim Gun plays a decisive role during the war, ripping through the rebel army, resulting in their heavy losses. The military continues investing into the Tank as well, preparing to introduce the newer and much stronger Agni II. The Empress of India, Farah Shah declares the rebellion to be an international conspiracy to undermine the success and prosperity of India. Along the same time, Punjab is annexed. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 70.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000, with 15% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. The Bahamani port cities of Mahmudpur played a major role in international trade due to its strategic position, competing against Caliphates ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights. Jihad is declared upon the Pan Hindu rebels.
    • Khedivate of Udaipur: The Capital of Udaipur was Ahmadabad and the population was 50.8 million. The Udaipuri military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000, with 20% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. The Udaipuri port cities of Karachi and Surat played a major role in international trade due to their strategic position, competing against Caliphates ports. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Udaipurs exports as well. About the same time, the Udaipur fishery, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well. Recruits are raised to combat the Pan Hindu rebellion. Unlike the rest of the state, Udaipur is largely peaceful. 
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 40.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. The Vijaynagari port city of Chennai played a major role in international trade due to its strategic position, competing against Lankan ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well. The Khedivate largely falls to the rebels, who advance farther toward Assam; capturing various local towns along the way. However, the rebels are kept from Coimbatore where 500,000 reinforcements arriving from Bahamani are able to halt the rebel offensive. Along the same time, the Vijaynagari navy leaves the Chennai Harbour and is redirected to the Kolkata Port as the rebels start advancing into Chennai. By the end of the year, Chennai is closed for trade and the port is mostly used in order to deliver reinforcements and supplies.
    • Khedivate of Aceh Darrusalam: The Capital of Aceh was Banda and the population was 13.5 million. The Aceh military was modernised, standing at roughly 30,000 with 10% of the national navy harboured at Aceh ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Acehs exports as well. About the same time, the Aceh fishery, oil and mining industries were of significant importance as well. Major oil and gas reserves are discovered by Spanish and Indian experts in Aceh, who collaborate on the project as per the Treaty of Hague. The Indian Ambassador to Spain informs his Spanish counterpart of the discovery, and requests the Spanish government to provide the given resources in order to begin immediate mining and extraction. 
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Naval bases continue to be built to enforce claims on several islands such as Mauritius, Seychelles, Tromelin and Reunion. The Indian Navy attempted to enforce complete control over the Indian Ocean, aggressively patrolling the sea to combat Somalian pirates.
      • Lankan Diplomacy: The Emperor, Sri Gunananda, offers to send an army of 50,000 men to help suppress the Hindu Rebels.
      • Indian Diplomacy: The Governor of Vijaynagar, Rajendra Chola accepts the offer by Lanka. The Indian Empire hopes to see Lanka play an important and decisive role against the rebels during the planned 1921 Offensive.
    • Spanish: Oil Co can into Aceh?
  • Caliphate drastically improves infrastructure, industry and economy. As we seek to protect our possessions, we become less expansionist into foreign cultures and lands. We continue westernization efforts especially in urban, developed regions, such as Baghdad. As with every year, we maintain our two Holy cities and donate a small amount of our income to charity, especially to the poor: beggars, widows, and more of the like. We maintain our military, but the military becomes less emphacized with the signing of the pan-Asian pact, which protects the Caliphate from any foreign invasion and threats. We improve relations with the Afghans, hoping to bring them into the Pact in the near future. With the death of Caliph Hakeem bin Malik many of our young citizens call him the "Magnificent", specifically for his republican reforms, implementing the Shura. With the westernization and increasing democratic power, we begin, on a small scale, implementing railroads, especially connecting urban cities and regions. We also begin construction on large-scale of an Ironclad fleet, in order to combat the Roman fleet. With the full implementation and the construction of roads, postal service, railroads, transportation and news travels faster than ever, allowing the unity of the Caliphate. We begin to encourage urban cities sto start developing their own newspapers, as along with the arrival of radios into the Caliphate, due to the Westernization Effort. We continue to support the idea of the Caliphate as a pan-Islamic state, not Pan-Arabic. The Government completely reforms, seeking Hakeem's dream of a truly democratic Caliphate. A new office is created: Sultan. The Caliph becomes only the religious leader of the Caliphate, whose position is heredity, with the Sultan being elected from the Shura. The Caliphate begins to become federalized, with every province of the Caliphate holding a small amount of power. We continue to attempt to convert Shia Muslims, even bribing local religious leaders to begin to teach Sunni beliefs. With the war against the Romans ending with status quo ante bellum and restoration of all previous treaties, the Caliphate becomes desperate to look for new wealth. With oil found in Persia, and predictions of an even greater oil field by Borealian geologists, the Caliphate offers to grant Borealian companies 20% of all profits from oil sales for 15 years, starting from the year the Caliphate first starts exporting oil. The Caliphate continues to head to democracy with the foundation set by Caliph Hakeem. The Caliphate continues promoting Arab, Persian, Swahili and Kurd culture. To gain further support and trust of the Persians, a Persian Governor is appointed to Persia and major development plans are also initiated in Persia. Many Persian groups that oppose the Caliphate are reminded that it was the Caliphate that not only defended Persia from the Assyrian Aggression, but also liberated Persia from the Tatars.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science. The Hyundai Motor Company continues to build more cars.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to technology becoming better. Factories still make weapons and vehicles for our military, but it is not the mostly made item. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continued to increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Cars are now being popular within the middle class people, and not just the rich society. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges and banks. There are two years left for us occupying Sardinia.
  • Spain: Continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the burgeoning growth of the economy, new jobs created in the five major cities led to more people moving to the cities. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain begins to mass troops along the border with France and increases patrols around the entire coast of Spain. Spain continues to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready battleships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. Carlo Ferreira continues to develop aeroplanes and makes great advances. The Spanish government condemns the Communist nations. Spain continues to seek out dissenters in Communist France to weaken the French government's strength. Spain continues to advocate the expansion of the anti-Communist League. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 sq km north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 sq km. Croats in Dahomey retain their rights. Dahomey expands 8000 sq km into the interior of Africa. The Spanish colony in southwest Africa expands 8000 sq km inland as well. Cars. Spain continues to develop better tanks. Also, Spain launches the super-dreadnought. Planes improve. Spain continues the Antarctica Conference. The borders of Spanish Africa begin to be redrawn to accommodate for colony size and ethnic differences. Spain sends lots of troops into Indonesia to smack down their bitch asses. SARDINIA FOR SPAIN. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria: Has an election. Ion Basurto succeeds Fabran as the Prime Minister, and is of his party. Algeria begins to near the Spanish level of military technology. Boats, guns, planes, cars, money.
    • Singapore: Also continues to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore also greatly benefits from the newly re-invigorated trade in the region. Singapore continues to accumulate wealth as a center of trade and all that nonsense. Martial law is declared in Singapore and associated territories to prevent rebellion in that region.
  • Borealia Flag 2 Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Films in color are becoming more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. Tanks continue being developed. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin being built on the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. In sympathy for the oppression of Communism in Europe, a small Communist Party emerges this year in New Vienna. These people are viewed suspiciously, however, as Communism usually has no place in Borealian culture. Companies continue to search for oil in Arabia. Borealia sends economic support to both the Nationalist Government of China and the new Tartar Empire. We ask Japan to consider ceding some of its territory to these native governments. The joint Borealian-Japanese-Indian aviation program greatly increases in its size and scope, planing to perfect passenger planes within three years. Military support is given to the rebels in Indonesia. Among various Asiatic peoples settling in San Francisco are a group of Nivkh immigrants from Japanese Manchuria. Hearing about how their people were disenfranchised by the Japanese, a massive social movement stressing for Nivkh independence begins in city. By the end of the year, the Tiger-Hand Pastry becomes the fastest-growing industry in San Francisco.
    • The State of Australia: The state greatly increases this year by beginning joint control over the colony of New Mecklenburg, provided by Germany on the provision of ceding the whole colony by 1929. The capital of the state is centered at Dandiri (OTL Brisbane), which administer over all land settlements and the Luwrit Sea (OTL Tasman Sea). Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. Settlements begin to grow around the Lake Eyre region. With respect to the German colonial government, we ask Croatia to purchase the part of the outback north of Lake Eyre.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. The nation considers expanding the Treaty of Midway over the waters within the Luwrit Sea.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: With the incorporated French colony, continues to expand its lumber and mining companies with cheap labor picked up from surrounding natives. An organized government forms along with some small villages. The border expands inward 750 px.
    • Colony of North Antarctica: A small base is established on Antarctica's most northern peninsula, inhabited only six months of the year. A lighthouse begins construction to aid shipping that travels south of Cape Horn.
    • Caliphate Diplomacy: The state offers to grant Borealian companies 20% of all profits from oil sales for 15 years, starting from the year the Caliphate first starts exporting oil.
    • Borealia agrees to this offer, provided that the social stability of the region is not threatened.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: Premier Br Friederich Ritter von Schuhmacher succumbs to old age this year and dies in office. Tributes flow in from all over Oldenburg and Neu Norderney honouring the great politician and diplomat. A grand state funeral is performed, presided over by the Prince-Primate of Osnabruck, with Duke Wilhelm II saying the eulogy. At Friederich's own request, he is buried in a simple grave, marked by an ordinary stone cross. The Vice Premier, the Socialist Dietmar Steinbauer, is made Premier, the first member of the Socialist Party to hold the position. Economy expands.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: Infrastructure, especially new railways, improves.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue their industrial development as well as the research into airships.
  • Andea: Rapidly develops its industry. Industrial work becomes the most common field to work in. Average wage for industrial workers stands at 1000 reals, but the government set minimum wage stands at 400 reals. Yellow-Dog Contracts are officially outlawed this year in Andea. The military expands to include 650,000 men. With the outbreak of war overseas, the draft is enacted and funding is poured into military. The navy expands dramatically, with the inclusion of Dreadnoughts and Armored Cruisers making ironclads irrelevant. The Republican Party wins the Presidency, beating out the Nationals, Democrats, Hesperian, and the Progressives. This year sees the creation of the first movie theater in Andea, as well as the rise of consumer culture. The number of tanks is increased. We send 80,000 men and supplies to our Roman allies. Population stands at 81 million. The Andean navy and air force expand as well. An Andean engineer by the name of Jose Apaec presents a "Machine Pistol" to his local police force. It quickly spreads to the Andean military. The garrisons active in Cape Ferdinand and Sudafrica are activated to deal with the revolt.

  • Union of Sudafrica: more to be added later.


















  • Morocco: The Sultanate of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up its military, mainly the army and navy. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and the population continues to grow by adding 200,000 people every year. The population of Morocco now stands at 20 million people, while the number of military troops stands at 1.4 million soldiers. Number of ships active in Moroccan Navy stands at 40 ironclad ships, 14 frigates, 15 cruisers and 20 destroyers. Continue building a series of early fighters, bombers and now a few airships on military airports, which later added into Moroccan Air Force. The nation expends to south by 8000 sq km and to east by 8000 sq km, totaling 16,000 sq km, with a few new cities being built. Roads and railroads are built between old and new cities. Fewer museums, colleges and more houses, schools, hospitals, power plants and mining plants are built. The mining plants produces materials coal, iron and now gold and copper, which later used as products from industries. Industry continues improving and few factories are built along in cities, creating jobs for people of Morocco. The telephone/communications and mosaics industries continue to grow under a few large monopolies. The Moroccan automobile manufacturer Mellahu Motor Group continues mass building of cars and begins to sold its cars into Spain and Roman Empire. With parts of the country hooked up to electricity, few middle class citizens and rich citizens have light in their homes. The telegraph is popular with the rich and business people. The telephone is popular with the rich people of society. About 300,000 classes have a radio in their homes. Cars are popular with middle and the rich class. A few docks and mosques are built. The Moroccan Navy continues building a series of cargo ships, which cargo ships are for trade and for future tensions. Trade with various major European powers decides economic boom of Morocco and Morocco's largest exports are mosaics and largest imports are mostly food. Artillery becomes more widely used in combat and more industries continues building a series of wartime artillery, which later added it to Moroccan Armed Forces. Meanwhile, few new trains are produced and few new railway lines are opened in service. Sultan Abdelhafid continues to plan new reforms for Morocco and continues investing heavily in technology and science. ANNOUNCEMENT: Eric4e stop posting on years for now, but continues playing as Morocco, due to nine-day holidays in England. On hotels, I can't post any PMIII turns, but Morocco in next nine years will expend its nation at 16,000 sq km every year, totaling 144,000 sq km in the next nine years. Also every year, one impotent event will occur and for now on, Morocco neutrality! We back to PMIII in year 1929, once we took fight from England back home to Sweden.
  • Brazil: Settlement of Brazil’s new African territories is encouraged, especially in Porto Natal, Porto Centauro (Richard’s Bay), named for military leader Manuel Marques de Sousa, Barreto (Pietermaritzburg), named for José Luís Mena Barreto, Vila João (Johannesburg), named for King João of Guiana, and Vinicia (Pretoria). With the threat of the Zulu eliminated diamond and gold industries can be fully exploited, and a mass immigration occurs to the region from other portions of South Africa, Hesperia and Europe. The Embraer C-9 continues heavy production and use across the nation. Development of a light armoured reconnaissance vehicle begins to be employed in South Africa primarily. A partnership between the company Ed Ferreirinha & Irmão, an automotive business founded by race car driver Eduardo Ferreirinha, and foreign car manufacturers leads to the creation of Brazil’s first domestic car company. The ensuing brand becomes known as Ferreirinha, and begins mass producing domestic vehicles for the Brazilian population. One of the company’s rivals, União Metalo-Mecânica, catches the attention of the government by creating the Metralhadora Carro, or União MC-I, the first armoured reconnaissance vehicle for the Brazilian military. The first Brazilian tank, the Armadura-I, is also created. The tank is equipped with seven to thirteen millimeter armor, two 7.92 millimeter machine guns, and powered by a four cylinder air-cooled gasoline engine to reach a speed of about fifty km per hour on road. The independent colony of Bechuanaland is created as a collection of colonies and settlements in OTL Botswana, and becomes the third official state in the Transvaal Union. Each colony is expected to have the ability to raise an independent army, which is under the direct control of a central authority in Vinicia, Solumbuso. As a test of the nation’s military organization, war is declared on the native nation of Zimbabwe. The first Brazilian tank and armored car divisions are employed in the invasion.
  • Emeraldie: The land forces stand at 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces is completed. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. With the booming economy, the government begins investing heavily in education and infrastructure. In other news, the first domestically produced cars are built, with companies taking advantage of the growing petrol supply. The Royal Air Corps is expanded with new purpose built aircraft, it now includes 40 planes and four bomber Zeppelins. The world's first aircraft carrier is completed, christened HMES Charlemagne, it represents the pinnacle of naval aeronautics. In other news, the Royal Airship company is beginning building a system of routes connecting the major cities, with work starting on hangars and refuelling stations.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: The territorial government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 8000 men.
  • Commonwealth States (Bavaria): The military is improved, and the economy improves as well, after having suffered from the Great War. In political news, Klaudia Mikelssen, Senator from Bavaria, dies of old age, and her death is mourned by many Bavarians. We nominate Marcel Kampfiner, former Mayor of Berlin, for Chancellery candidate. 
  • Roman Empire: The Empire is now at a period of peace and prosperity after a long period of war and uncertainty. Roman trade routes stretch across most of the world in the pursuit of wealth and trade goods and Roman military might remains a powerful force in Europe and other parts of the world. The Roman central government does what it can to address all of the issues of the various archonates within the Empire and ensure that their needs are met even as they help instill strength in the central government. Railroads are constructed around the nation to help connect the Empire and its peoples and steamships are used for much the same purpose on water. To further strengthen its position in Africa, the Roman government begins to make official claims in the Saharan desert north of Egypt's southern border. However, some in the Empire scoff at this, suggesting that the Empire is wasting its time claiming barren land and should focus on more resourceful areas of Africa, Asia or Europe. As European interest in Africa begins to heat up, Roman officials begin exploring possible resources or benefits from extended interaction with Madagascar, and trade and diplomats are directed there to assess the situation. Trade also expands with Hawaii, which becomes an impressive conduit of trade for Roman merchants and businesses. As such, the Empire takes an interest in Hawaii, but rather than try to annex it, as it is too far from Roman authority to do so, Roman officials instead would like to see a strong and friendly Hawaii. Weapons and officers are sent to Hawaii to help train their soldiers and protect their independence. The Roman Empire responds to the increased activity of Communist insurgency in other nations in Europe by adopting a more aggressive stance. Troops are sent to Gothia and Ruthenia to protect against potential Communist aggression from the north, and the Roman Empire begins making overtures toward Croatia, Transylvania and Vlachia to prepare their defences. The Roman Empire also deploys more troops to Italy to present a clear vanguard against potential aggression from Communist France or Lombardy, which is seen as soon falling to Communists while the Roman Empire is forbidden by treaty to intervene. The Roman Empire is concerned with the fall of the Tartary to the Communist hordes, and is particularly concerned that the Caliphate has aligned itself toward the hordes. Fears of being surrounded soon start to build up in the Roman government, and as a result the Roman government does what it can to help shore up its defenses both physical and diplomatic. The Roman Empire expands trade, industry and military training to members of the Holy League, hoping to create and reinforce a stable and strong military alliance in the Empire's sphere of influence. The Roman Empire is forced to take drastic measures in recent years, as the expansion of Communism is considered unacceptable. Roman officials draft and generally pass Plan East, which calls for strengthening the Roman Empire's allies in the Holy League so they can protect the Roman Empire's flank while the Roman Empire concentrates on a potential eastern front. Military officers and engineers travel to Armenia, Georgia, Assyria, and Transylvania to train and improve those countries in all matters martial and industrial. The same goes for the Caliphate, hoping that the Caliphate would provide the crucial link in the chain for eastern defense. To further update the Empire's strength, the Roman Empire militarizes, and the Senate mandates that the Roman military be at a total size of 850,000 in peacetime and that a million man army must be able to be mobilized within a few weeks. Threats of Communism in Lombardy are too large to be ignored, so Roman forces militarize in Italy and pledge that no former treaty will hold Roman forces back if Lombardy becomes a clear threat. Remnants of the Vlachian government flee to the Roman Empire or Transylvania and call for intervention in Vlachia. Roman and Vlachian forces move in, securing the southern part of the country and stopping at the Wallachian-Moldavian border, as per the compromise between the Communists and Monarchists. Support for the true Vlachian government rises, and the Roman Empire provides the southern government the resources it needs to get itself back on its feet. To help stabilize its northern border, train cars full of weapons and ammo are sent to Croatia, hopefully to bolster that front. The rebel Syrians are seen as an annoyance, and as such local forces are tasked with putting them down. Troops are stationed in Syria after the cancellation of the supposed alliance, and alliances with Georgia and Assyria are affirmed again. Troops are sent to contain the uprising in Africa. This will all be fixed later, when I have time. Following many years of calling for a referendum, the people in Malabar vote to become independent from the Roman Empire and become a new nation. The Empire grants this request, knowing for a while now that the region would never fit in well with the Empire at this time and eager to maintain resources at home.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nationwide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The Franqi brothers begin experimenting with the idea of heavier-than-air flight, but the task is daunting and will take some time to perfect a flying device. They manage to create a working model which flies for several seconds. However, it isn't impressive enough and they continue their work. Following the outbreak of war, the Reman Empire declares war on France and sends troops to help the Spanish in their front.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started being worked on.

1921

Ethnic tension between the Persians and Arabs within the Caliphate continues to grow. Many Persians believe that they should be at the center of the empire, and a select few call for independence, but they are small in number.

  • Indian Empire: Queen Farah Shah was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 441,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of India, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education, with major developments in Chemistry, Physics, Biology etc. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity. A temporary ceasefire was secured from January 3 to February 6 until it was broken due to problems on both. Following the cancellation, the war restarted after which Indian troops successfully secured a major breakthrough into rebel territory. 700,000 troops that had been diverted toward Assam were soon redirected to South India in order to facilitate Operation Vijay, with the additional 850,000 troops from Western India meeting up with the main army at Visakhapatnam. The inhabitants of areas that were considered as rebel strongholds were persecuted by the Indian army, and all supplies to these areas were cut off, with a total of 16 million dying in this artificial famine. The Maxim Gun played a decisive role during the war, ripping through the rebel army, resulting in their heavy losses. The military continued investing into the Tank as well, preparing to introduce the newer and much stronger Agni II which was eventually delivered to the battlefield and soon turned the tide on the battlefield. By November, the rebellion had been completely squashed although minor rebels still remain. The Empress of India, Farah Shah declared the rebellion to be an international conspiracy to undermine the success and prosperity of India. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 70.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000, with 15% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. The Bahamani port cities of Mahmudpur played a major role in international trade due to its strategic position, competing against Caliphates ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights. Jihad is declared upon the Pan Hindu rebels.
    • Khedivate of Udaipur: The Capital of Udaipur was Ahmadabad and the population was 50.8 million. The Udaipuri military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000, with 20% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. The Udaipuri port cities of Karachi and Surat played a major role in international trade due to their strategic position, competing against Caliphates ports. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Udaipurs exports as well. About the same time, the Udaipur fishery, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well. Recruits are raised to combat the Pan Hindu rebellion. Unlike the rest of the state, Udaipur is largely peaceful.
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 40.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. The Vijaynagari port city of Chennai played a major role in international trade due to its strategic position, competing against Lankan ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well. The Khedivate successfully withstood the brunt of the rebel offensive, and launched Operation Vijay involving 1,250,000 troops seeking to flush out the Hindu rebels. The rebel siege of Coimbatore was broken by March, and the military rapidly advanced toward the rebel capital of Madurai. By August, the rebels completely withdraw from Chennai after having suffered heavy losses to the Maxim Gun, which was later dubbed as the Chennai Gun. On October, the military under the command of Lankan Generals launched a second offensive from Chennai, routing the rebel army and completely annihilating the rebel force in the Battle of Madurai. On November 16th, the rebel capital of Madurai was stormed by the Indian forces who subsequently skinned alive the rebel leaders, torturing them to death. The natives of Madurai as well as surrounding rebel strongholds were genocided, with almost everyone killed and the city burned down. The total civilian casualties during the rebellion reached 20.8 million after which relief efforts finally started.
    • Khedivate of Aceh Darrusalam: The Capital of Aceh was Banda and the population was 13.5 million. The Aceh military was modernised, standing at roughly 30,000 with 10% of the national navy harboured at Aceh ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Acehs exports as well. About the same time, the Aceh fishery, oil and mining industries were of significant importance as well. Major oil and gas reserves are discovered by Spanish and Indian experts in Aceh, who collaborate on the project as per the Treaty of Hague. With the arrival of the Juan Standardo Oilo Company, extraction of the oil begins. Indian geological experts continue to seek out oil deposits, as it is assumed that Aceh has potential for being rich in oil.
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Naval bases continue to be built to enforce claims on several islands such as Mauritius, Seychelles, Tromelin and Reunion. The Indian Navy attempted to enforce complete control over the Indian Ocean, aggressively patrolling the sea to combat Somalian pirates.
  • Caliphate drastically improves infrastructure, industry and economy. As we seek to protect our possessions, we become less expansionist into foreign cultures and lands. We continue westernization efforts especially in urban, developed regions, such as Baghdad. As with every year, we maintain our two Holy cities and donate a small amount of our income to charity, especially to the poor: beggars, widows, and more of the like. We maintain our military, but the military becomes less emphacized with the signing of the pan-Asian pact, which protects the Caliphate from any foreign invasion and threats. We improve relations with the Afghans, hoping to bring them into the Pact in the near future. With the death of Caliph Hakeem bin Malik many of our young citizens call him the "Magnificent", specifically for his republican reforms, implementing the Shura. With the westernization and increasing democratic power, we begin, on a small scale, implementing railroads, especially connecting urban cities and regions. We also begin construction on large-scale of an Ironclad fleet, in order to combat the Roman fleet. With the full implementation and the construction of roads, postal service, railroads, transportation and news travels faster than ever, allowing the unity of the Caliphate. We begin to encourage urban cities sto start developing their own newspapers, as along with the arrival of radios into the Caliphate, due to the Westernization Effort. We continue to support the idea of the Caliphate as a pan-Islamic state, not Pan-Arabic. The Government completely reforms, seeking Hakeem's dream of a truly democratic Caliphate. A new office is created: Sultan. The Caliph becomes only the religious leader of the Caliphate, whose position is heredity, with the Sultan being elected from the Shura. The Caliphate begins to become federalized, with every province of the Caliphate holding a small amount of power. We continue to attempt to convert Shia Muslims, even bribing local religious leaders to begin to teach Sunni beliefs. With the war against the Romans ending with status quo ante bellum and restoration of all previous treaties, the Caliphate becomes desperate to look for new wealth. With oil found in Persia, and predictions of an even greater oil field by Borealian geologists, the Caliphate offers to grant Borealian companies 20% of all profits from oil sales for 15 years, starting from the year the Caliphate first starts exporting oil. The Caliphate continues to head to democracy with the foundation set by Caliph Hakeem. The Caliphate continues promoting Arab, Persian, Swahili and Turkic culture.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science. The Hyundai Motor Company continues to build more cars.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to technology becoming better. Factories still make weapons and vehicles for our military, but it is not the mostly made item. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continued to increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Cars are now being popular within the middle class people, and not just the rich society. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges and banks. There is one year left for us occupying Sardinia. The King tells his troops to stay on the island after the year is over. Prince Mario marries his girlfriend Amelia. Cities start to get so big that there is no room for people to live. The countryside starts to become the suburbs.
  • Not how that works. 
  • Borealia Flag 2 Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Films in color are becoming more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. Tanks continue being developed. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin being built on the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. In sympathy for the oppression of Communism in Europe, a small Communist Party emerges this year in New Vienna. These people are viewed suspiciously, however, as Communism usually has no place in Borealian culture. A series of gang warfare begins in New Vienna, primarily using the gavin gun sold on the black market. The maxim gun gains the nickname "the New Vienna typewriter". The Nivkh independence movement continues to spread over Middle California, demanding Japan consider releasing the nation, while the Tiger-Hand Pastry dominates in San Francisco.
    • The State of Australia: The state greatly increases this year by beginning joint control over the colony of New Mecklenburg, provided by Germany on the provision of ceding the whole colony by 1929. The capital of the state is centered at Dandiri (OTL Brisbane), which administer over all land settlements and the Luwrit Sea (OTL Tasman Sea). Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. Settlements begin to grow around the Lake Eyre region. With respect to the German colonial government, we ask Croatia to purchase the part of the outback north of Lake Eyre.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. The nation considers expanding the Treaty of Midway over the waters within the Luwrit Sea.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: With the incorporated French colony, continues to expand its lumber and mining companies with cheap labor picked up from surrounding natives. An organized government forms along with some small villages. The border expands inward 750 px.
    • Colony of North Antarctica: A small base is established on Antarctica's northernmost peninsula, inhabited only six months of the year. A lighthouse begins construction to aid shipping that travels south of Cape Horn.
  • Morocco: The Sultanate of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up its military, mainly the army and navy. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and the population continues to grow by adding 200,000 people every year. The population of Morocco now stands at 20.2 million people, while the number of military troops stands at 1.4 million soldiers. Number of ships active in Moroccan Navy stands at 40 ironclad ships, 14 frigates, 15 cruisers and 20 destroyers. Continue building a series of early fighters, bombers and now a few airships on military airports, which later added into the Moroccan Air Force. The nation expends to south by 8000 sq km and to west by 8000 sq km, totaling 16,000 sq km, with a few new cities being built. After Moroccan borders reached three West African countries, Morocco declares war on three various West African countries as Moroccan Colonial War in Africa, invade it with 20,000 soldiers. Roads and railroads are built between old and new cities. Fewer museums, colleges and more houses, schools, hospitals, power plants and mining plants are built. The mining plants produces materials coal, iron and now gold and copper, which later used as products from industries. Industry continues improving and few factories are built along in cities, creating jobs for people of Morocco. The telephone/communications and mosaics industries continue to grow under a few large monopolies. The Moroccan automobile manufacturer Mellahu Motor Group continues mass building of cars and begins to sell its cars into Spain and Roman Empire. With parts of the country hooked up to electricity, few middle class citizens and rich citizens have light in their homes. The telegraph is popular with the rich and business people. The telephone is popular with the rich people of society. About 600,000 classes have a radio in their homes. Cars are popular with middle and the rich class. A few docks and mosques are built. The Moroccan Navy continues building a series of cargo ships, which cargo ships are for trade and for future tensions. Trade with various major European powers decides economic boom of Morocco and Morocco's largest exports are mosaics and largest imports are mostly food. Artillery becomes more widely used in combat and more industries continues building a series of wartime artillery, which later added it to Moroccan Armed Forces. Meanwhile, few new trains are produced and few new railway lines are opened in service. Sultan Abdelhafid continues to plan new reforms for Morocco and continues investing heavily in technology and science. ANNOUNCEMENT: Eric4e stops posting on years for now, but continues playing as Morocco, due to nine-days holidays in England. On hotels, I can't post any PMIII turns and also every year, one important event will occur and for now on, Morocco neutrality! We back to PMIII in year 1929, once we took fight from England back home to Sweden. BUT ON THIS DAY, WE STOP EXPANDING THE NATION NEXT TWO YEARS, BECAUSE COLONIZATION IN WEST AFRICA IS COMPLETED. This will be the last nation post in this turn before we're leaving off to England for holiday and we back to PMIII in year 1929.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: Economy improves, with more Spitzbergen coal mines being opened by the OHG. Spitzbergen territory expands.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: Work continues on the nation's infrastructure. Cars become more prevalent.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue their industrial development as well as the research into airships.
  • Emeraldie: The land forces stand at 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces is completed. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. With the booming economy, the government begins investing heavily in education and infrastructure. In other news, the first domestically produced cars are built, with companies taking advantage of the growing petrol supply. The Royal Air Corps is expanded with new purpose built aircraft, it now includes 40 planes and four bomber Zeppelins. The world's first aircraft carrier is completed, christened HMES Charlemagne, it represents the pinnacle of naval aeronautics. In other news, the Royal Airship company is beginning building a system of routes connecting the major cities, with work starting on hangars and refueling stations.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: The territorial government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 8000 men.
  • United Nordic Republics
    • ​Republic of Denmark: Denmark capitalizes on the fall of Pskov. With money flowing into the Kattegat and out of Pskovian wallets, there is one undoubted ruler of the Baltic Seas now. Former Communists flee to Jutland since Denmark is a Socialist state. Prime Minister Albert Wagner celebrates the end of the Great War, condemning Communism as a perversion of state-sponsored welfare. He worries that the actions of France have harmed Socialist movements in Europe, setting them back decades. In the meantime, a new destroyer is added to the Danish navy. There are over 113 ships in total flying Danish colors.
    • Republic of Sweden: Sweden also sees profit in the fall of Pskov. With money flowing into the Kattegat and out of Pskovian wallets, there is one undoubted ruler of the Baltic Seas now. Telephone lines are built in Sweden as electricity is brought to the northern cities and towns of Sweden. The Republic of Sweden commissions two destroyers into the Swedish fleet. There are now over 200 ships flying Swedish colors. Sweden offers to westernize the Caliphate in exchange for oil.
    • Republic of Norway: Christjen Sigurson continues his term as president of the Norwegian Republic. Norway produces the Knulleskipetditt-Class protected cruiser, deciding the Stejt-Class is unfit for patrolling the North Sea and the open waters. Three are produced. In the meantime, Norway sends troops to the cause in the Winter War, congratulating Iceland on a victory. Christjen Sigurdson states the necessity of good relations with Algonquia and Borealia following this war. "Now that we've settled these differences, let's get back to making money." There are currently 193 ships flying Norwegian colors.
    • Republic of Finland: Jonna Kekkonnen visits the Karelian cities this year. She wishes to improve the cities of Karelja, forming the Karelja Initiative. In the meantime, landlines to Sweden and Norway are proposed. Construction is mid-way by Christmas this year. She sends money and foodstuff to Helluland in the Winter War. The Anaalihävityksen-Class protected cruiser is commissioned, though Finland is more interested in buying used ships from the Nordic Revolutions where applicable. The city of Helsinki sees drastic growth this year as urbanization in Finland continues. Kekkekon continues to fight for women's rights. There are 73 ships in Finland's navy. In the meantime, seeing Reme's success with powered flight, Finland considers recreating the experiment.
    • Commonwealth of Iceland: Iceland's immediate concern, the Winter War, seems to be over. The people of Iceland rejoice. Literacy programs in Iceland begin. According to the Alting, too many people 'can't figure out how to spell our damn words right.' Reykyjavik sees improvements this year. The University of Reykyjavik opens its doors in 1881. The university is noted for being the 'North Pole of Academia.' Speaking of the North Pole, expeditions are sent to the Arctic ice cap to investigate the North Pole. The navy of Iceland improves, with the Augapóker-Class cruiser being released this year. Iceland wishes to increase relations with Algonquia and Borealia, offering to re-open the embassy in Helluland and Reykjavik.
  • Spain continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the burgeoning growth of the economy, new jobs created in the five major cities led to more people moving to the cities. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain begins to mass troops along the border with France and increases patrols around the entire coast of Spain. Spain continues to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready battleships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. Carlo Ferreira continues to develop aeroplanes and makes great advances. The Spanish government condemns the Communist nations. Spain continues to seek out dissenters in Communist France to weaken the French government's strength. Spain continues to advocate the expansion of the anti-Communist League. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 sq km north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 sq km. Croats in Dahomey retain their rights. Dahomey expands 8000 sq km into the interior of Africa. The Spanish colony in southwest Africa expands 8000 sq km inland as well. Cars. Spain continues to develop better tanks. Also, Spain launches the super-dreadnought. Planes improve. Spain continues the Antarctica Conference. The borders of Spanish Africa begin to be redrawn to accommodate for colony size and ethnic differences. Spain knocks down the bitch ass rebels in Indonesia by way of massive ships and grand guns. The East Indies is restructured with a tighter government and stronger Spanish military presence. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria begins to near the Spanish level of military technology. Boats, guns, planes, cars, money.
    • Singapore also continues to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore also greatly benefits from the newly re-invigorated trade in the region. Singapore continues to accumulate wealth as a center of trade and all that nonsense. Singapore is restored to the pre-rebellion status quo since there were no problems in Singapore.
    • STOP REFORMATTING MY POSTS, MOTHERFUCKER.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire is now at a period of peace and prosperity after a long period of war and uncertainty. Roman trade routes stretch across most of the world in the pursuit of wealth and trade goods and Roman military might remains a powerful force in Europe and other parts of the world. The Roman central government does what it can to address all of the issues of the various archonates within the Empire and ensure that their needs are met even as they help instill strength in the central government. Railroads are constructed around the nation to help connect the Empire and its peoples and steamships are used for much the same purpose on water. To further strengthen its position in Africa, the Roman government begins to make official claims in the Saharan desert north of Egypt's southern border. However, some in the Empire scoff at this, suggesting that the Empire is wasting its time claiming barren land and should focus on more resourceful areas of Africa, Asia or Europe. As European interest in Africa begins to heat up, Roman officials begin exploring possible resources or benefits from extended interaction with Madagascar, and trade and diplomats are directed there to assess the situation. Trade also expands with Hawaii, which becomes an impressive conduit of trade for Roman merchants and businesses. As such, the Empire takes an interest in Hawaii, but rather than try to annex it, as it is too far from Roman authority to do so, Roman officials instead would like to see a strong and friendly Hawaii. Weapons and officers are sent to Hawaii to help train their soldiers and protect their independence. The Roman Empire responds to the increased activity of Communist insurgency in other nations in Europe by adopting a more aggressive stance. Troops are sent to Gothia and Ruthenia to protect against potential Communist aggression from the north, and the Roman Empire begins making overtures toward Croatia, Transylvania and Vlachia to prepare their defences. The Roman Empire also deploys more troops to Italy to present a clear vanguard against potential aggression from Communist France or Lombardy, which is seen as soon falling to Communists while the Roman Empire is forbidden by treaty to intervene. The Roman Empire is concerned with the fall of the Tartary to the Communist hordes, and is particularly concerned that the Caliphate has aligned itself toward the hordes. Fears of being surrounded soon start to build up in the Roman government, and as a result the Roman government does what it can to help shore up its defenses both physical and diplomatic. The Roman Empire expands trade, industry and military training to members of the Holy League, hoping to create and re-inforce a stable and strong military alliance in the Empire's sphere of influence. The Roman Empire is forced to take drastic measures in recent years, as the expansion of Communism is considered unacceptable. Roman officials draft and generally pass Plan East, which calls for strengthening the Roman Empire's allies in the Holy League so they can protect the Roman Empire's flank while the Roman Empire concentrates on a potential eastern front. Military officers and engineers travel to Armenia, Georgia, Assyria, and Transylvania to train and improve those countries in all matters martial and industrial. The same goes for the Caliphate, hoping that the Caliphate would provide the crucial link in the chain for eastern defense. To further update the Empire's strength, the Roman Empire militarizes, and the Senate mandates that the Roman military be at a total size of 850,000 in peacetime and that a million man army must be able to be mobilized within a few weeks. Threats of Communism in Lombardy are too large to be ignored, so Roman forces militarize in Italy and pledge that no former treaty will hold Roman forces back if Lombardy becomes a clear threat. Remnants of the Vlachian government flee to the Roman Empire or Transylvania and call for intervention in Vlachia. Roman and Vlachian forces move in, securing the southern part of the country and stopping at the Wallachian-Moldavian border, as per the compromise between the Communists and Monarchists. Support for the true Vlachian government rises, and the Roman Empire provides the southern government the resources it needs to get itself back on its feet. To help stabilize its northern border, train cars full of weapons and ammo are sent to Croatia, hopefully to bolster that front. The rebel Syrians are seen as an annoyance, and as such local forces are tasked with putting them down. Troops are stationed in Syria after the cancellation of the supposed alliance, and alliances with Georgia and Assyria are affirmed again. Troops are sent to contain the uprising in Africa. This will all be fixed later, when I have time. 
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nationwide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The Franqi brothers begin experimenting with the idea of heavier-than-air flight, but the task is daunting and will take some time to perfect a flying device. They manage to create a working model which flies for several seconds. However, it isn't impressive enough and they continue their work. Following the outbreak of war, the Reman Empire declares war on France and sends troops to help the Spanish in their front.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started being worked on.
  • Andea: Rapidly develops its industry. Industrial work becomes the most common field to work in. Average wage for industrial workers stands at 1000 reals, but the government set minimum wage stands at 400 reals. Yellow-Dog Contracts are officially outlawed this year in Andea. The military expands to include 650,000 men. With the outbreak of war overseas, the draft is enacted and funding is poured into military. The navy expands dramatically, with the inclusion of Dreadnoughts and Armored Cruisers making ironclads irrelevant. The Republican Party wins the Presidency, beating out the Nationals, Democrats, Hesperian, and the Progressives. This year sees the creation of the first movie theater in Andea, as well as the rise of consumer culture. The number of tanks is increased. We send 80,000 men and supplies to our Roman Allies. Population stands at 81 million. The Andean navy and air force expand as well. The machine pistol presented to the Andean military is named Apaec 1 repeating gun. The garrisons active in Cape Ferdinand and Sudafrica are activated to deal with the revolt.

  • Union of Sudafrica: more to be added later.

1922

Ethnic tensions in the Caliphate continue to grow as violence between the two groups grows. The violence escalates to the point of civil war.(Popular)

The Reformist Church of Latter Day Saints makes a resurgence in Southern and Central Borealia, spreading into Reme and some parts of Mexaca.

  • Netherlands: Nothing really. Eco and Mil.
    • Dutch France: Eco and Infra.
    • Luxembourg: Eco and Infra.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue their industrial development as well as the research into airships.
  • Borealia Flag 2 Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Films in color are becoming more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. Tanks continue being developed. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin being built on the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. In sympathy for the oppression of Communism in Europe, a small Communist Party emerges this year in New Vienna. These people are viewed suspiciously, however, as Communism usually has no place in Borealian culture. A new social movement called the Gothic Movement appears, so named because they stress the importance of the union looking back to their core roots as the colony of New Austria. They accuse the leaders of the Union as having shamelessly abusing the New Munich declaration to their advantage by making imperialist wars on neighboring nations since the 1870s. This movement is most popular among the younger generation. The Nivkh independence movement now encompasses most of California, and spreads to the rest of the union. The core members of the union begin to be more militant in their appeals to Japan.
    • The State of Australia: The state greatly increases this year by beginning joint control over the colony of New Mecklenburg, provided by Germany on the provision of ceding the whole colony by 1929. The capital of the state is centered at Dandiri (OTL Brisbane), which administer over all land settlements and the Luwrit Sea (OTL Tasman Sea). Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. Settlements begin to grow around the Lake Eyre region. With respect to the German colonial government, we ask Croatia to purchase the part of the outback north of Lake Eyre.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. The nation considers expanding the Treaty of Midway over the waters within the Luwrit Sea.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: With the incorporated French colony, continues to expand its lumber and mining companies with cheap labor picked up from surrounding natives. An organized government forms along with some small villages. The border expands inward 750 px.
    • Colony of North Antarctica: A small base is established on Antarctica's northernmost peninsula, inhabited only six months of the year. A lighthouse begins construction to aid shipping that travels south of Cape Horn.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science. The Hyundai Motor Company continues to build more cars.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to technology becoming better. Factories still make weapons and vehicles for our military, but it is not the mostly made item. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continued to increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Cars are now being popular within the middle class people, and not just the rich society. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges and banks. With the occupation of Sardinia over, we leave our troops on the island. We try to annex Sardinia into our nation.
  • Emeraldie: The land forces stand at 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces is completed. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. With the booming economy, the government begins investing heavily in education and infrastructure. In other news, the first domestically produced cars are built, with companies taking advantage of the growing petrol supply. The Royal Air Corps is expanded with new purpose built aircraft, it now includes 40 planes and four bomber Zeppelins. The world's first aircraft carrier is completed, christened HMES Charlemagne, it represents the pinnacle of naval aeronautics. In other news, the Royal Airship company is beginning building a system of routes connecting the major cities, with work starting on hangars and refuelling stations.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: The territorial government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 8000 men.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: With the OHG's latest successes in Spitzbergen coalmining and the enduring popularity of its department store (simply called "OHG"), the once nearly bankrupt company has returned to its glory days, once more at the centre of Oldenburger economic life. With this newfound financial prowess, the OHG board begins putting more money into the Konservativen political party, paying for expensive functions and hiring out large halls in which the politicians can speak. This activity is watched closely by the ruling Catholic-Socialist coalition, with the Premier, a Socialist, doing all he can to minimise the potential electoral impact of the Konservativen in the state election in a few years' time. Economy improves, Spitzbergen territory expands. 


Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: The Reformist Church of Latter Day Saints establishes a small Communist in the far West of the Lordship. Whilst Oldenburg (and through it, Neu Norderney) has always been relatively tolerant of religious minorities for political expediency, the unorthodoxy and novelty of the sect draws the ire of the majority-Catholic country. Military improves. 


  • Roman Empire: The Roman Empire continues to recover from the shock of the Great War, in which many good Romans died. The Empire also focuses on its internal security and stability after noticing the power of the revolt in Africa and remembering painful memories of revolts in Italy and Egypt. Economic and civic policy are seen as key to improving stability and cohesiveness in the Empire. With that said, the Empire does have several foreign policy successes to note as well, mainly the unification of the Tartary and the return of order in the steppes. Trade continues to go well and the military continues to have a major part of Roman society, and new weapons like tanks, planes, and better submarines now play a significant role in the way the Empire wages war.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nationwide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The Franqi brothers begin experimenting with the idea of heavier-than-air flight, but the task is daunting and will take some time to perfect a flying device. They manage to create a working model which flies for several seconds. However, it isn't impressive enough and they continue their work. Following the outbreak of war, the Reman Empire declares war on France and sends troops to help the Spanish in their front.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started being worked on.
  • Spain continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the burgeoning growth of the economy, new jobs created in the five major cities led to more people moving to the cities. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain begins to mass troops along the border with France and increases patrols around the entire coast of Spain. Spain continues to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready battleships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. Carlo Ferreira continues to develop aeroplanes and makes great advances. The Spanish government condemns the Communist nations. Spain continues to seek out dissenters in Communist France to weaken the French government's strength. Spain continues to advocate the expansion of the anti-Communist League. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 sq km north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 sq km. Croats in Dahomey retain their rights. Dahomey expands 8000 sq km into the interior of Africa. The Spanish colony in southwest Africa expands 8000 sq km inland as well. Cars. Spain continues to develop better tanks. Also, Spain launches more super-dreadnoughts. Planes improve. Spain continues the Antarctica Conference. The borders of Spanish Africa begin to be redrawn to accommodate for colony size and ethnic differences. Spain knocks down the bitch ass rebels in Indonesia by way of massive ships and grand guns. The East Indies is restructured with a tighter government and stronger Spanish military presence. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria begins to near the Spanish level of military technology. Boats, guns, planes, cars, money. Prime Minister Ion Basurto is assassinated and succeeded by Ricardo Ali, a Berber.
    • Singapore also continues to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore also greatly benefits from the newly re-invigorated trade in the region. Singapore continues to accumulate wealth as a center of trade and all that nonsense.

1923

In late April, the Cuzco stock market crashes after riding high for an unprecedented number of months. Shortly after this, the stock market in Constantinople also plummets, sending shockwaves across Europe. By the end of the year, the economy of the world is slower and weaker than it was before. Many busineses go bankrupt, people lose savings in banks, and trade stalls. As a result, political instability rises and extremism on both sides of the political spectrum returns to plague governments. 

  • Is this an attempt to recreate the Great Depression?
  • The Commonwealth Kingdoms: New Mecklenburg, Kameroon, and German West Africa expand by 750 px each. Soon after the Cuzco and Constantinople stock markets crash, the Lübeck stock market follows suit as trading grounds to a halt. The economy of the Kingdoms begins declining. Offers of alliance and economic cooperation are sent to Ande, Brazil, and Algonquia, with Emperor Friedrich saying now is a time where past differences are forgotten and international cooperation is needed.
  • Indian Empire: Queen Farah Shah was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 441,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of India, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education, with major developments in Chemistry, Physics, Biology etc. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity. Jubilant crowds celebrate with the success of Operation Vijay, and nationalism reaches its peak, surpassing the one reached in the aftermath of the Great War. Many Muslims fascinated by the prospect of a Holy War press the regime to intervene in Persia. Finally on October 16th, the Indian Empire intervenes in Persia with a force of 400,000 men. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 70.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000, with 15% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. The Bahamani port cities of Mahmudpur played a major role in international trade due to its strategic position, competing against Caliphates ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights.
    • Khedivate of Udaipur: The Capital of Udaipur was Ahmadabad and the population was 50.8 million. The Udaipuri military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000, with 20% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. The Udaipuri port cities of Karachi and Surat played a major role in international trade due to their strategic position, competing against Caliphates ports. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Udaipurs exports as well. About the same time, the Udaipur fishery, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 40.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. The Vijaynagari port city of Chennai played a major role in international trade due to its strategic position, competing against Lankan ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well. The Hindu rebellion is completely squashed, with the success of Operation Vijay. Approximately 20.6 million people are killed out of which 45% died in Vijaynagar. The rest dying in Bahamani and/or surrounding areas.
    • Khedivate of Aceh Darrusalam: The Capital of Aceh was Banda and the population was 13.5 million. The Aceh military was modernised, standing at roughly 30,000 with 10% of the national navy harboured at Aceh ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Acehs exports as well. About the same time, the Aceh fishery, oil and mining industries were of significant importance as well. Major oil and gas reserves are discovered by Spanish and Indian experts in Aceh, who collaborate on the project as per the Treaty of Hague. With the arrival of the Juan Standardo Oilo Company, extraction of the oil begins. Indian geological experts continue to seek out oil deposits, as it is assumed that Aceh has potential for being rich in oil.
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Naval bases continue to be built to enforce claims on several islands such as Mauritius, Seychelles, Tromelin and Reunion. The Indian Navy attempted to enforce complete control over the Indian Ocean, aggressively patrolling the sea to combat Somalian pirates.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to technology becoming better. Factories still make weapons and vehicles for our military, but it is not the mostly made item. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continued to increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Cars are now being popular within the middle class people, and not just the rich society. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges and banks. This is the second straight year we slowly annex Sardinia into our nation.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science. The Hyundai Motor Company continues to build more cars.
  • Roman Empire: The Roman Empire continues to recover from the shock of the Great War, in which many good Romans died. The Empire also focuses on its internal security and stability after noticing the power of the revolt in Africa and remembering painful memories of revolts in Italy and Egypt. Economic and civic policy are seen as key to improving stability and cohesiveness in the Empire. With that said, the Empire does have several foreign policy successes to note as well, mainly the unification of the Tartary and the return of order in the steppes. Trade continues to go well and the military continues to have a major part of Roman society, and new weapons like tanks, planes, and better submarines now play a significant role in the way the Empire wages war. The financial crisis affects the Empire badly, and the economy suffers and many go without work. The current administration works to help mediate the crisis even though it knows its days are numbered. The civil war in the caliphate forces the Empire and its ally Assyria to be on guard. However, there are no current plans to get involved other than to increase security at the border.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nationwide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The economy suffers a great deal, and as a result the Socialists and outlawed Communists get a bit too eager in their expression that they have the correct answer, resulting in many demonstrations and some riots.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started being worked on.
  • Borealia Flag 2 Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Films in color are becoming more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. Tanks continue being developed. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin being built on the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. In sympathy for the oppression of Communism in Europe, a small Communist Party emerges this year in New Vienna. These people are viewed suspiciously, however, as Communism usually has no place in Borealian culture. The Gothic movement is dominated by the Reformist Church, now led by their Prophet-President Ashiki Schmidt, Jr. from their headquarters in San Francisco. Great protests and demonstrations are held throughout Borealia, Mexaca and Reme, using the recent economic disaster as a sign of New Munich's moral failing. Charity work to help the impoverished are also created. New Norderney, a German state not part of New Munich, is pointed to by the Church as an example of a more centrally Gothic institution. The Nivkh independence movement also becomes dominant of most of Borealia, particularly among the Kiatagmiut who still remember their long lost ally. The core of the movement continues to become more militant, purchasing more firearms for themselves.
    • The State of Australia: The state greatly increases this year by beginning joint control over the colony of New Mecklenburg, provided by Germany on the provision of ceding the whole colony by 1929. The capital of the state is centered at Dandiri (OTL Brisbane), which administer over all land settlements and the Luwrit Sea (OTL Tasman Sea). Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. Settlements begin to grow around the Lake Eyre region. With respect to the German colonial government, we ask Croatia to purchase the part of the outback north of Lake Eyre.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. The nation considers expanding the Treaty of Midway over the waters within the Luwrit Sea.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: With the incorporated French colony, continues to expand its lumber and mining companies with cheap labor picked up from surrounding natives. An organized government forms along with some small villages. The border expands inward 750 px.
    • Colony of North Antarctica: A small base is established on Antarctica's northernmost peninsula, inhabited only six months of the year. A lighthouse begins construction to aid shipping that travels south of Cape Horn.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue their industrial development as well as the research into airships.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: The Cuzco-Constantinople Crashes are felt strongly in Oldenburg. The OHG's stock prices, at a record high, plummet in value. Most coal mines in Spitzbergen are closed, with the OHG no longer able to cover costs. Politically, the Crashes also cripple Big Business in Oldenburg. The OHG and Big Business-backed Konservativen lose the vast majority of their supporters virtually overnight, as the party's affiliation with the business community -which most, if not all, see as the cause of this mess- has lost it all of its credibility. There is a corresponding growth in support for the Communists which rise, Phoenix-like, from the Crashes' ashes. The economic downturn also causes the emergence of an alarming new political force. The Oldenburger Jewish community has long had great influence over financial institutions in Oldenburg, and the main bank, the Jade Bank, is mostly run and owned by Jews. Many average people who lost their savings in the Jade Bank turn their hatred toward the Jewish bank owners. A small party, the "Patriotic Front" is formed, which mixes anti-Semitic bigotry and violence with anti-capitalist economic policies. Whilst small, it becomes quite vocal and visible in Oldenburg City, with the main Synagogue's windows being smashed during a PF march. This violent anti-semitism is virtually unheard of in Oldenburg, since the Oldenburger Jewish community has long been praised for bringing Oldenburg into financial prosperity. The Premier calls snap elections in August to take advantage of the decline in popularity of the Konservativen, whilst also tactically acting quickly before the Communists and PF can properly organise themselves. The Catholic-Socialist coalition strengthens its position in the Landtag in the election, with only one Konservativ retaining their seat, a mere seven Communists gaining seats. Worrying, however, is the three inner-city seats gained by the PF.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: With the RCLDS becoming closely associated with the Gothic Movement (which is apparently pro-Neu Norderney), many Neu Norderners grow more accepting of the RCLDS within the state. This acceptance does not, for the most part, result in conversion to the new Church, although a few hundred in the West do convert. The Vrashes also hit Neu Norderney very hard. The economy is mainly driven by primary industry - logging, farming and fishing - and these suffer heavy losses.
  • Empire of Lanka: The Lankan government focuses on industrialization. Accelerated industrialization in Lanka continues. The Edict of 1891 and Waardige Accord stay in effect. Dutch architecture, arts and culture have had a permanent effect on Lankan culture, although Lankan culture still remains with its own identity. The army remains one of the most modern in Asia due to the permanent result of European military from the Dutch throughout the protectorate. As the populations move to the cities, more and more men are recruited in the Lankan army. The parliament enacts nationwide conscription to reform the military, requiring all able-bodied men above twenty-one need to have at least eight years in active service, following by three years in the reserves. As the populations move to the cities, more and more men are recruited in the Lankan army.
  • The most recent census taken in 1860, accounts for 2,992,224 citizens. The trade ports on the island remain in heavy use with expansion of trade in Asia. Significant urbanization causes the cities of Waardige, Sri Jaywardenepura Kotte, Kandy, Kalmunai, and Galle, to be flooded with people. Waardige continues to be a trade, technological and industrial center in Asia. The complex Waardige canal system sees fall in use as more and more it becomes outdated due to changes in ships. The Island Spoorwegmaatschappij starts massive construction of railroads across the islands. Religion in the empire continues to be mixed with the three main religions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Dutch Reformist being worshipped on the main island while there are a few animist natives on Nava Kotte. The Lankan navy still holds warships that were supplied during the protectoratecy. The provincie system instituted in 1773 is changed to be less feudal and more bureaucratic, which basically turns them into an administrative division. The the title of the head of the provincie is changed from Count to Emperor's Commissioner. The King's Commissioner is also the head of the parliament (provinciale staten) in the provincie. Along with there being provinciale statens, a main parliament is also created. This main parliament will be assembled on the Emperor's command, and is used to decide issues, create public projects, and pass laws for the whole empire. Last year the Emperor called the main parliament to discuss the issue of public education and the idea of the creating a constitution. The Emperor and the parliament passed the Compulsory Education Act of 1886, which states that education in Lanka for the ages of five to ten is compulsory. In elementary school the children learn Sinhala and Dutch (reading and writing) and basic mathematics. Also incorporated in this act is an edict against children working over thirteen hours a day. The Emperor and parliament also created a constitution that officially set up the bureaucratic system. Last year parliament wanted to start to pursue a policy of faster industrialization, and to do this they passed the Edict of 1888 which abolished the caste system and slavery as well. Lankan industrial funding is used to build factories in the capital first, and then creating factories across major cities in the empire. To assist accelerated industrialization, Lanka tries to define its national unity. The government establishes the national language to be Sinhalese,and enforces this in schools. Buddhism continues to be the national religion and is inserted into the national curriculum. Lanka starts massively producing and exporting cigars (and other uses for tobacco), rubber, and mining diamonds and other precious gems. Galle continues to be fit by the Germans to build ironclads. Ironclads continue being purchased from the Germans. Lanka signs an alliance and trade pact with Spain, and a separate trade pact is signed with India. Seeing international reactions on the Tamil language ban, the Emperor modifies the law in the Edict of 1904. The edict states that Tamil is allowed to be spoken everywhere, but only written in public places in Tamil majority areas, and on Tamil religious buildings. The Empire begins to modernize its military by purchasing weapons from Japan and Rome, and specifically the Maxim Gun from India. Lanka begins producing massive amounts of tea to export to Europe. The Compulsory Education Act of 1919was passed in parliament which extends compulsory education from the ages five to ten, to five to fifteen. The edict also lifts the fourteen hour ban on child labor, and instead makes it so children can only work on Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday, while school is hosted on Monday, Wednesday and Friday. The empire hasn't really adopted an official currency since the separation from the Dutch, currencies like the Guilder, Stavraton, Tanki, and Gintsuka would float around Lankan markets. As the world-wide market crash happens, it becomes more evident to the Emperor to adopt an official currency. The country begins to print and mint the Lankan Guilder. Industrialization continues, but at a slower rate due to the Lankan economy being tied to that of many other nations.
  • Republic of China: After years of isolationism and recovery from the defeat in the Sino-Japanese war and Chinese-Qinghai war, the PRC is hit yet again by another crisis. The current Global Depression forces us back into isolationism, despite our plan to invade Tibet. Meanwhile, during the isolationist years, a Centre-Right government has been elected. This new government, wanting to emerge from the crisis as an economic power, begins many austerity measures. The left, angry with this, protests and these protests are crushed by the police, sparking major civil unrest which is put down.
  • Emeraldie: The land forces stand at 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces is completed. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. With the booming economy, the government begins investing heavily in education and infrastructure. In other news, the first domestically produced cars are built, with companies taking advantage of the growing petrol supply. The Royal Air Corps is expanded with new purpose built aircraft, it now includes 40 planes and four bomber Zeppelins. The world's first aircraft carrier is completed, christened HMES Charlemagne, it represents the pinnacle of naval aeronautics. In other news, the Royal Airship company is beginning building a system of routes connecting the major cities, with work starting on hangars and refuelling stations.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: The territorial government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 8000 men.
  • Spain: Continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain begins to mass troops along the border with France and increases patrols around the entire coast of Spain. Spain continues to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready ships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. Carlo Ferreira continues to develop aeroplanes and makes great advances. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 sq km north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 sq km. Croats in Dahomey retain their rights. Dahomey expands 8000 sq km into the interior of Africa. The Spanish colony in southwest Africa expands 8000 sq km inland as well. Cars. Spain continues to develop better tanks. Also, Spain launches more super-dreadnoughts. Planes improve. The Madrid Stock Exchange is hit by the economic crisis that attacked Cuzco and Constantinople. Spanish people begin withdrawing money from banks, so the government closes banks, declaring a Bank Holiday to prevent total loss of money in banks. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
      • Algeria: Begins to near the Spanish level of military technology. Boats, guns, planes, cars, money. Algeria is affected by the crisis in Spain.
      • Singapore: Also continues to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore is affected by the economic crisis in Spain, but to a smaller degree, so the Singapore government moves fast to put security measures in place to prevent further losses.
  • Andea: Andea's economic growth grinds to a halt with the recent stock market crash. The stock market crash in itself would be managable if not for a massive panic triggered in its wake. Very quickly, the Andean banks begin to fail. The governemnt quickly cuts naval funding and pours money into the failing system, hoping to rescue it. Funding for the ANA (Andean National Army) and Marine core remains steady despite the economic hardship. The Machine Pistol is officially adopted as part of the Andean Army and Marines. The National Guard responds to a massive protest in Arequipa, quickly dispersing the protesters.

    • Union of Sudafrica: The nation continues to see expansions in military, navy and industry. Despite the economic hardships, the literacy and health of the colony expand drastically.

1924

In Sardinia, a dispute between a French businessman and a Lombard army captain ends poorly, ending with the Frenchman and three bystander French citizens being shot down, escalating tensions further regarding the already disputed island. 

Following the financial crisis, Socialists and Communists start causing trouble up north in Arcadia, raising issues between them and the local Reman authorities. 

Olympic Results soon.

  • Commonwealth Kingdoms: New Mecklenburg, Kameroon, and German West Africa expand by 750 px each. The economic depression continues, and seems to worsen as the year goes on. Unemployment is believed to have reached 15% this year, and shows no signs of slowing. The government begins considering exporting the growing reserves of oil from New Mecklenburg in an attempt to spur the economy. Andea, Brazil, and Algonquia are again sent the offer of alliance and economic cooperation from last year.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science. The Hyundai Motor Company continues to build more cars.
  • Borealia Flag 2 Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Films in color are becoming more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. Tanks continue being developed. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin being built on the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. In sympathy for the oppression of Communism in Europe, a small Communist Party emerges this year in New Vienna. These people are viewed suspiciously, however, as Communism usually has no place in Borealian culture. The Gothic movement continues to protest, considering themselves an authority on the moral failings of the continent, and offer support to the rebels in Arcadia. Local authorities in the union grow concerned. The Reformist Church in New Norderney competes in popularity with the Socialist Catholics, seeing them as an enmity against the Goths, particularly in Borealia. Some Reformists begin preaching that the end of the world is near. The Nivkh independence movement also becomes dominant of most of Borealia, particularly among the Kiatagmiut who still remember their long lost ally. The core of the movement continues to become more militant, purchasing more firearms for themselves. They issue Japan a final warning to release their people.
    • The State of Australia: The state greatly increases this year by beginning joint control over the colony of New Mecklenburg, provided by Germany on the provision of ceding the whole colony by 1929. The capital of the state is centered at Dandiri (OTL Brisbane), which administer over all land settlements and the Luwrit Sea (OTL Tasman Sea). Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. Settlements begin to grow around the Lake Eyre region. With respect to the German colonial government, we ask Croatia to purchase the part of the outback north of Lake Eyre.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. The nation considers expanding the Treaty of Midway over the waters within the Luwrit Sea.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: With the incorporated French colony, continues to expand its lumber and mining companies with cheap labor picked up from surrounding natives. An organized government forms along with some small villages. The border expands inward 750 px.
    • Colony of North Antarctica: A small base is established on Antarctica's northernmost peninsula, inhabited only six months of the year. A lighthouse begins construction to aid shipping that travels south of Cape Horn.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to technology becoming better. Factories still make weapons and vehicles for our military, but it is not the mostly made item. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continued to increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Cars are now being popular within the middle class people, and not just the rich society. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges and banks. This is the third straight year we slowly annex Sardinia into our nation. Due to the problem in Sardinia, both the Frenchman and the Italian captain are put into jail. Prince Mario's son Antonio is born.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue their industrial development as well as the research into airships.
  • Repulic of China: The austerity measures continue, unopposed, and greatly improve the economy. With our new economy, we begin to pour money into our armed forces, building them up to a force of three million. Meanwhile, we offer bailout to some failing Chinese states with fragile economies, warning them of the current Global Depression, if they will essentially become a ROC puppet, hoping to gain control of China through diplomacy this time. We also prepare for an invasion of Tibet, massing troops on the border.
  • Emeraldie: The land forces stand at 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces is completed. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. With the booming economy, the government begins investing heavily in education and infrastructure. In other news, the first domestically produced cars are built, with companies taking advantage of the growing petrol supply. The Royal Air Corps is expanded with new purpose built aircraft, it now includes 40 planes and four bomber Zeppelins. The world's first aircraft carrier is completed, christened HMES Charlemagne, it represents the pinnacle of naval aeronautics. The government begins in acting austerity to prevent the nation from becoming bankrupt. Despite this, however, the Royal Airship Company begins its first flights across the nation.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: The territorial government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 8000 men.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: The economy remains in a poor state, with more people becoming unemployed by the week. The Patriotic Front slowly gains membership and momentum, much to the dismay of most right-minded Oldenburgers.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: The RCLDS does make some small gains in the West of the country, but despite Borealian-Gothic propaganda claims, it is not in a position to "compete in popularity" with the Catholic Church, which is firmly established in most of Neu Norderney. The Catholic-Socialist coalition government vows to be tougher on businesses in the future, but for now, it focuses on supporting those made unemployed through benefits and job creation (on large public projects like bridges).
  • Ban Republic of Croatia (Banska Republika Hrvatska): Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of theBan Republic. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and Eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. Kotor Saraka (Adelaide) continues to expand. Draganić continues his research. 
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Ban Republic of Carantania (Banska Republika Karantanija): Being Alpine Slavic nation, the leaders begin a programme to create a standardized Carantanian language that will reflect on both the Slavic and Alpine (Germanic) aspects of Carantania.
    • Sukadang Županija: Croatization. Expansion onto the other parts of Borneo.
    • Croatian Africa: Continues to expand.
    • White Croatia: Large-scale Croatization, numerous harsh measures are introduced to ensure White Croatia is Croatian.
  • Roman Empire: The Roman Empire continues to recover from the shock of the Great War, in which many good Romans died. The Empire also focuses on its internal security and stability after noticing the power of the revolt in Africa and remembering painful memories of revolts in Italy and Egypt. Economic and civic policy are seen as key to improving stability and cohesiveness in the Empire. With that said, the Empire does have several foreign policy successes to note as well, mainly the unification of the Tartary and the return of order in the steppes. Trade continues to go well and the military continues to have a major part of Roman society, and new weapons like tanks, planes, and better submarines now play a significant role in the way the Empire wages war. The financial crisis affects the Empire badly, and the economy suffers and many go without work. The current administration works to help mediate the crisis even though it knows its days are numbered. The civil war in the caliphate forces the Empire and its ally Assyria to be on guard. However, there are no current plans to get involved other than to increase security at the border.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nationwide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The economy suffers a great deal, and as a result the Socialists and outlawed Communists get a bit too eager in their expression that they have the correct answer, resulting in many demonstrations and some riots.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started being worked on.
  • Spain continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning despite economic hardship. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. but government funded projects end as the government begins using money in other places in an effort to save the falling economy. Spanish businesses expand across Spanish territories and into other nations. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and planes and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain increases the number of battle-ready ships in the Royal Armada, although at a much slower rate as the new government cuts military spending down to 60%. More automatic weaponry stuff. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 sq km north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 sq km. Croats in Dahomey retain their rights. Dahomey expands 8000 sq km into the interior of Africa. The Spanish colony in southwest Africa expands 8000 sq km inland as well. Spain continues to develop better tanks. Planes improve. The economic recession leads to massive upheaval across Spain as the Moderates become the majority party in Spanish government. Fortunata Cardona becomes the Prime Minister and begins enacting measures that he believes will save the Spanish economy and lift it from the recession, and hopes that progress made in Spain will help other nations recover as well. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
      • Algeria begins to feel the effects of the recession in Spain. Algerian banks lose money fast, since they did not place security measures in place as soon as possible, unlike Singapore. Boats, guns, planes, cars, money.
      • Singapore also continues to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore is affected by the economic crisis in Spain, but to a smaller degree, so the Singapore government moves fast to put security measures in place to prevent further losses.
  • Brazil: Settlement of Brazil’s new African territories is encouraged, especially in Porto Natal, Porto Centauro (Richard’s Bay), named for military leader Manuel Marques de Sousa, Barreto (Pietermaritzburg), named for José Luís Mena Barreto, Vila João (Johannesburg), named for King João of Guiana, and Vinicia (Pretoria). With the threat of the Zulu eliminated diamond and gold industries can be fully exploited, and a mass immigration occurs to the region from other portions of South Africa, Hesperia and Europe. The Embraer C-9 continues heavy production and use across the nation. Development of a light armoured reconnaissance vehicle begins to be employed in South Africa primarily. A partnership between the company Ed Ferreirinha & Irmão, an automotive business founded by race car driver Eduardo Ferreirinha, and foreign car manufacturers leads to the creation of Brazil’s first domestic car company. The ensuing brand becomes known as Ferreirinha, and begins mass producing domestic vehicles for the Brazilian population. One of the company’s rivals, União Metalo-Mecânica, catches the attention of the government by creating the Metralhadora Carro, or União MC-I, the first armoured reconnaissance vehicle for the Brazilian military. The first Brazilian tank, the Armadura-I, is also created. The tank is equipped with seven to thirteen millimeter armor, two 7.92 millimeter machine guns, and powered by a four cylinder air-cooled gasoline engine to reach a speed of about fifty km per hour on road. The independent colony of Bechuanaland is created as a collection of colonies and settlements in OTL Botswana, and becomes the third official state in the Transvaal Union. Each colony is expected to have the ability to raise an independent army, which is under the direct control of a central authority in Vinicia, Solumbuso.
  • Andea: Andea's economic growth grinds to a halt with the recent stock market crash. The stock market crash in itself would be managable if not for a massive panic triggered in its wake. Very quickly, the Andean banks begin to fail. The governemnt quickly cuts naval funding and pours money into the failing system, hoping to rescue it. Funding for the ANA (Andean National Army) and Marine core remains steady despite the economic hardship. The Machine Pistol is officially adopted as part of the Andean Army and Marines. The National Guard responds to a massive protest in Arequipa, quickly dispersing the protesters.


    • Union of Sudafrica: The nation continues to see expansions in military, navy and industry. Despite the economic hardships, the literacy and health of the colony expand drastically.

1925

Communists and some of their socialist allies revolt in Arcadia in the Reman Empire. (Non-Popular)

  • Indian Empire: Queen Farah Shah was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 441,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of India, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education, with major developments in Chemistry, Physics, Biology etc. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity. India develops its first bomber plane, the IA-33. Along the same time, companies producing military weapons start to grow throughout India. The state passes the Imperial Edict of 1925 which deals with a series of subjects involving compulsory education until the age of 16, the general population being prohibited from possessing any armaments, introduction of elections on local level, ban upon the preaching of Communism, ban upon preaching of extremism in Hindu temples, pro-monarchy stuff taught in school. 
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 70.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000, with 15% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. The Bahamani port cities of Mahmudpur played a major role in international trade due to its strategic position, competing against Caliphates ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights.
    • Khedivate of Udaipur: The Capital of Udaipur was Ahmadabad and the population was 50.8 million. The Udaipuri military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000, with 20% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. The Udaipuri port cities of Karachi and Surat played a major role in international trade due to their strategic position, competing against Caliphates ports. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Udaipurs exports as well. About the same time, the Udaipur fishery, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 30.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. The Vijaynagari port city of Chennai played a major role in international trade due to its strategic position, competing against Lankan ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Khedivate of Aceh Darrusalam: The Capital of Aceh was Banda and the population was 13.5 million. The Aceh military was modernised, standing at roughly 30,000 with 10% of the national navy harboured at Aceh ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Aceh's exports as well. About the same time, the Aceh fishery, oil and mining industries were of significant importance as well. Major oil and gas reserves are discovered by Spanish and Indian experts in Aceh, who collaborate on the project as per the Treaty of Hague. With the arrival of the Juan Standardo Oilo Company, extraction of the oil begins. Indian geological experts continue to seek out oil deposits, as it is assumed that Aceh has potential for being rich in oil.
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Naval bases continue to be built to enforce claims on several islands such as Mauritius, Seychelles, Tromelin and Reunion. The Indian Navy attempted to enforce complete control over the Indian Ocean, aggressively patrolling the sea to combat Somalian pirates.
    • Indian - Croatian Diplomacy: The Empire of India requests the Ban Republic of Croatia to return the enclave of Goa to Indian authorities in order to fulfill the Imperial Edict of 1907.
  • Caliphate drastically improves infrastructure, industry and economy. As we seek to protect our possesions, we become less expansionist into foreign cultures and lands. We continue westernization efforts especially in urban, developed regions, such as Baghdad. As with every year, we maintain our two Holy cities and donate a small amount of our income to charity, especially to the poor: beggars, widows, and more of the like. We maintain our military, but the military becomes less emphasized with the signing of the pan-Asian pact, which protects the Caliphate from any foreign invasion and threats. We improve relations with the Afghans, hoping to bring them into the Pact in the near future. With the death of Caliph Hakeem bin Malik many of our young citizens call him the "Magnificent", specifically for his republican reforms, implementing the Shura. With the westernization and increasing democratic power, we begin, on a small scale, implementing railroads, especially connecting urban cities and regions. We also begin construction on large-scale of an Ironclad fleet, in order to combat the Roman fleet. With the full implementation and the construction of roads, postal service, railroads, transportation and news travels faster than ever, allowing the unity of the Caliphate. We begin to encourage urban cities sto start developing their own newspapers, as along with the arrival of radios into the Caliphate, due to the Westernization Effort. We continue to support the idea of the Caliphate as a pan-Islamic state, not Pan-Arabic. The Government completely reforms, seeking Hakeem's dream of a truly democratic Caliphate. A new office is created: Sultan. The Caliph becomes only the religious leader of the Caliphate, whose position is heredity, with the Sultan being elected from the Shura. The Caliphate begins to become federalized, with every province of the Caliphate holding a small amount of power. We continue to attempt to convert Shia Muslims, even bribing local religious leaders to begin to teach Sunni beliefs. With the war against the Romans ending with status quo ante bellum and restoration of all previous treaties, the Caliphate becomes desperate to look for new wealth. With oil found in Persia, and predictions of an even greater oil field by Borealian geologists, the Caliphate offers to grant Borealian companies 20% of all profits from oil sales for 15 years, starting from the year the Caliphate first starts exporting oil. The Caliphate continues to head to democracy with the foundation set by Caliph Hakeem. The Caliphate continues promoting Arab, Persian, Swahili and Turkic culture.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science. The Hyundai Motor Company continues to build more cars.
  • United Nordic Republics
    • ​Republic of Denmark: Denmark capitalizes on the fall of Pskov. With money flowing into the Kattegat and out of Pskovian wallets, there is one undoubted ruler of the Baltic Seas now. Former Communists flee to Jutland since Denmark is a Socialist state. Prime Minister Albert Wagner celebrates the end of the Great War, condemning Communism as a perversion of state-sponsored welfare. He worries that the actions of France have harmed Socialist movements in Europe, setting them back decades. In the meantime, a new destroyer is added to the Danish navy. There are over 113 ships in total flying Danish colors.
    • Republic of Sweden: Sweden also sees profit in the fall of Pskov. With money flowing into the Kattegat and out of Pskovian wallets, there is one undoubted ruler of the Baltic Seas now. Telephone lines are built in Sweden as electricity is brought to the northern cities and towns of Sweden. The Republic of Sweden commissions two destroyers into the Swedish fleet. There are now over 200 ships flying Swedish colors. Sweden offers to westernize the Caliphate in exchange for oil.
    • Republic of Norway: Christjen Sigurson continues his term as president of the Norwegian Republic. Norway produces the Knulleskipetditt-Class protected cruiser, deciding the Stejt-Class is unfit for patrolling the North Sea and the open waters. Three are produced. In the meantime, Norway sends troops to the cause in the Winter War, congratulating Iceland on a victory. Christjen Sigurdson states the necessity of good relations with Algonquia and Borealia following this war. "Now that we've settled these differences, let's get back to making money." There are currently 193 ships flying Norwegian colors.
    • Republic of Finland: Jonna Kekkonnen visits the Karelian cities this year. She wishes to improve the cities of Karelja, forming the Karelja Initiative. In the meantime, landlines to Sweden and Norway are proposed. Construction is mid-way by Christmas this year. She sends money and foodstuff to Helluland in the Winter War. The Anaalihävityksen-Class protected cruiser is commissioned, though Finland is more interested in buying used ships from the Nordic Revolutions where applicable. The city of Helsinki sees drastic growth this year as urbanization in Finland continues. Kekkekon continues to fight for women's rights. There are 73 ships in Finland's navy. In the meantime, seeing Reme's success with powered flight, Finland considers recreating the experiment.
    • Commonwealth of Iceland: Iceland's immediate concern, the Winter War, seems to be over. The people of Iceland rejoice. Literacy programs in Iceland begin. According to the Alting, too many people 'can't figure out how to spell our damn words right.' Reykyjavik sees improvements this year. The University of Reykyjavik opens its doors in 1881. The university is noted for being the 'North Pole of Academia.' Speaking of the North Pole, expeditions are sent to the Arctic ice cap to investigate the North Pole. The navy of Iceland improves, with the Augapóker-Class cruiser being released this year. Iceland wishes to increase relations with Algonquia and Borealia, offering to re-open the embassy in Helluland and Reykjavik.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: The economy remains stagnant, but unemployment seems to be steadying. The government begins a tranche of reforms, nationalising many vital means of production and providing more jobs. Emigration to Neu Norderney rises. The Patriotic Front continues to slowly gain prominence.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: The government embarks on a grand project in the west of the country to provide jobs: building a hydroelectric dam. It is hoped that the thousands of new jobs, and the eventual free source of electricity will help the economy's recovery.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to technology becoming better. Factories still make weapons and vehicles for our military, but it is not the mostly made item. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continued to increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Cars are now being popular within the middle class people, and not just the rich society. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges and banks. This is the fourth straight year we slowly annex Sardinia into our nation.
  • Borealia Flag 2 Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Films in color are becoming more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. Tanks continue being developed. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin being built on the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. In sympathy for the oppression of Communism in Europe, a small Communist Party emerges this year in New Vienna. These people are viewed suspiciously, however, as Communism usually has no place in Borealian culture. The Gothic movement insists on aiding the rebels in Arcadia, as they see the old destruction of Arcadia to be a violation of their rights. The Curia remains neutral, but tells Reme that they will help put down the rebels in exchange for purchasing parts of Texas, which would give Borealia a port on the Atlantic (Mod response). The Reformist Church continues to grow in the continent, leading many relief efforts for the poor and preaching that the second coming of Christ will come in this generation. In order to neutralize the Nivkh independence movement, the Curia offers to sell Japan the Mariana Islands if they agree to grant the Nivkh semi-independence under Japanese control (MOD RESPONSE PLEASE).
    • The State of Australia: The state greatly increases this year by beginning joint control over the colony of New Mecklenburg, provided by Germany on the provision of ceding the whole colony by 1929. The capital of the state is centered at Dandiri (OTL Brisbane), which administer over all land settlements and the Luwrit Sea (OTL Tasman Sea). Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. Settlements begin to grow around the Lake Eyre region. With respect to the German colonial government, we ask Croatia to purchase the part of the outback north of Lake Eyre.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. The nation considers expanding the Treaty of Midway over the waters within the Luwrit Sea.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: With the incorporated French colony, continues to expand its lumber and mining companies with cheap labor picked up from surrounding natives. An organized government forms along with some small villages. The border expands inward 750 px.
    • Colony of North Antarctica: A small base is established on Antarctica's northernmost peninsula, inhabited only six months of the year. A lighthouse begins construction to aid shipping that travels south of Cape Horn.
    • As per private chat with Rimp, the offer is fixed to be more plausible. Hopefully, this fixes any issues.
  • Roman Empire: The Roman Empire continues to recover from the shock of the Great War, in which many good Romans died. The Empire also focuses on its internal security and stability after noticing the power of the revolt in Africa and remembering painful memories of revolts in Italy and Egypt. Economic and civic policy are seen as key to improving stability and cohesiveness in the Empire. With that said, the Empire does have several foreign policy successes to note as well, mainly the unification of the Tartary and the return of order in the steppes. Trade continues to go well and the military continues to have a major part of Roman society, and new weapons like tanks, planes, and better submarines now play a significant role in the way the Empire wages war. The financial crisis affects the Empire badly, and the economy suffers and many go without work. The current administration works to help mediate the crisis even though it knows its days are numbered. The civil war in the caliphate forces the Empire and its ally Assyria to be on guard. However, there are no current plans to get involved other than to increase security at the border.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nationwide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The economy suffers a great deal, and as a result the Socialists and outlawed Communists get a bit too eager in their expression that they have the correct answer, resulting in many demonstrations and some riots. Reman forces launch attacks against the upstart Communists to contain their rebellion and restore peace and order in the region.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started being worked on.
  • Algonquia: Suffers from the economic downturn, with the Centrists losing control of the government to the Transitional Communists yet again. The Algonquia populace is, although generally left-wing, also very anti-Arcadian, so aid is sent to Reme to help suppress the Arcadian revolts. Submarines continue to be produced in large numbers, technology having advanced considerably, while major public works are undertaken to provide employment, notably a nationwide railway upgrade. Algonquia expands north, as does Sahutudene, while the Zollern Insels improve their economy. Algonquia accepts the Commonwealth Kingdoms' offer.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians unveil the first operational airship in a ceremony with much fanfare. The country now has a network of "airports" dedicated to airship travel, which were constructed during the economic development following the Great War and the intervention in Russia. The maiden voyage of the airship is an incredible success, and construction of more airships is started. The Kiev Airship Company is already planning international routes for their airships.
  • Andea: Andea's economic growth grinds to a halt with the recent stock market crash. The stock market crash in itself would be managable if not for a massive panic triggered in its wake. Very quickly, the Andean banks begin to fail. The governemnt quickly cuts naval funding and pours money into the failing system, hoping to rescue it. Funding for the ANA (Andean National Army) and Marine core remains steady despite the economic hardship. The Machine Pistol is officially adopted as part of the Andean Army and Marines. The National Guard responds to a massive protest in Arequipa, quickly dispersing the protesters.

      • Union of Sudafrica: The nation continues to see expansions in military, navy and industry. Despite the economic hardships, the literacy and health of the colony expand drastically.
  • Spain: Continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning despite economic hardship. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. but government funded projects end as the government begins using money in other places in an effort to save the falling economy. Spanish businesses expand across Spanish territories and into other nations. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and planes and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain increases the number of battle ready ships in the Royal Armada, although at a much slower rate as the new government cuts military spending down to 60%. More automatic weaponry stuff. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 sq km north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 sq km. Croats in Dahomey retain their rights. Dahomey expands 8000 sq km into the interior of Africa. The Spanish colony in southwest Africa expands 8000 sq km inland as well. Spain continues to develop better tanks. Planes improve. The economic recession leads to massive upheaval across Spain as the Moderates become the majority party in Spanish government. Fortunata Cardona becomes the Prime Minister and begins enacting measures that he believes will save the Spanish economy and lift it from the recession, and hopes that progress made in Spain will help other nations recover as well. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
      • Algeria: Begins to feel the effects of the recession in Spain. Algerian banks lose money fast, since they did not place security measures in place as soon as possible, unlike Singapore. Boats, guns, planes, cars.
      • Singapore: Also continues to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore is affected by the economic crisis in Spain, but to a smaller degree, so the Singapore government continues to put security measures in place to prevent further losses.

1926

Something something limited Nivkh autonomy under Japanese rule. Hope you're happy Lemming.

  • Commonwealth Kingdoms: New Mecklenburg, Kameroon and German West Africa expand by 750 px each. The navy, though affected by the depression, continues development and research, and despite some vocal opposition to it, the admiralty makes plans for war games in the New Rugian Sea to test the new class of German aircraft carriers. Budget cuts in other areas are made to help maintain the supply of operating money for the government. Andea and Brazil are again sent the 1923 offer of an alliance and economic cooperation accepted by Algonquia.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science. The Hyundai Motor Company continues to build more cars.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to technology becoming better. Factories still make weapons and vehicles for our military, but it is not the mostly made item. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continued to increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Cars are now being popular within the middle class people, and not just the rich society. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges and banks. This is the fifth straight year we slowly annex Sardinia into our nation.
  • Borealia Flag 2 Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Films in color are becoming more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. Tanks continue being developed. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin being built on the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. In sympathy for the oppression of Communism in Europe, a small Communist Party emerges this year in New Vienna. These people are viewed suspiciously, however, as Communism usually has no place in Borealian culture. The Gothic movement insists on aiding the rebels in Arcadia, as they see the old destruction of Arcadia to be a violation of their rights. The Curia remains neutral, but tells Reme that they will help put down the rebels in exchange for purchasing parts of Texas, which would give Borealia a port on the Atlantic (Mod response). The Reformist Church continues to grow in the continent, leading many relief efforts for the poor and preaching that the second coming of Christ will come in this generation. Many Nivkh return to their homeland now that they have achieved their independence. Although certain extremists of the movement still linger, the NIM dies out for the most part.
    • The State of Australia: The state greatly increases this year by beginning joint control over the colony of New Mecklenburg, provided by Germany on the provision of ceding the whole colony by 1929. The capital of the state is centered at Dandiri (OTL Brisbane), which administer over all land settlements and the Luwrit Sea (OTL Tasman Sea). Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. Settlements begin to grow around the Lake Eyre region. With respect to the German colonial government, we ask Croatia to purchase the part of the outback north of Lake Eyre.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. The nation considers expanding the Treaty of Midway over the waters within the Luwrit Sea.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: With the incorporated French colony, continues to expand its lumber and mining companies with cheap labor picked up from surrounding natives. An organized government forms along with some small villages. The border expands inward 750 px.
    • Colony of North Antarctica: A small base is established on Antarctica's northernmost peninsula, inhabited only six months of the year. A lighthouse begins construction to aid shipping that travels south of Cape Horn.
  • Ban Republic of Croatia (Banska Republika Hrvatska): Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of theBan Republic. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and Eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. Kotor Saraka (Adelaide) continues to expand. Draganić continues his research. 
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Ban Republic of Carantania (Banska Republika Karantanija): Being Alpine Slavic nation, the leaders begin a programme to create a standardized Carantanian language that will reflect on both the Slavic and Alpine (Germanic) aspects of Carantania.
    • Sukadang Županija: Croatization. Expansion onto the other parts of Borneo.
    • Croatian Africa: Continues to expand.
    • White Croatia: Large-scale Croatization, numerous harsh measures are introduced to ensure White Croatia is Croatian.
  • Algonquia: Suffers from the economic downturn, with the Centrists losing control of the government to the Transitional Communists yet again. The Algonquia populace is, although generally left-wing, also very anti-Arcadian, so aid is sent to Reme to help suppress the Arcadian revolts. Submarines continue to be produced in large numbers, technology having advanced considerably, while major public works are undertaken to provide employment, notably a nationwide railway upgrade. Algonquia expands north, as does Sahutudene, while the Zollern Insels improve their economy.
  • Emeraldie: The land forces stand at 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces is completed. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. With the booming economy, the government begins investing heavily in education and infrastructure. In other news, the first domestically produced cars are built, with companies taking advantage of the growing petrol supply. The Royal Air Corps is expanded with new purpose built aircraft, it now includes 50 planes and seven bomber Zeppelins. The world's first aircraft carrier is completed, christened HMES Charlemagne, it represents the pinnacle of naval aeronautics. The Royal Airship Company expands its operations across the continent.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: The territorial government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 8000 men.
  • Roman Empire: The Roman Empire continues to recover from the shock of the Great War, in which many good Romans died. The Empire also focuses on its internal security and stability after noticing the power of the revolt in Africa and remembering painful memories of revolts in Italy and Egypt. Economic and civic policy are seen as key to improving stability and cohesiveness in the Empire. With that said, the Empire does have several foreign policy successes to note as well, mainly the unification of the Tartary and the return of order in the steppes. Trade continues to go well and the military continues to have a major part of Roman society, and new weapons like tanks, planes, and better submarines now play a significant role in the way the Empire wages war. The financial crisis affects the Empire badly, and the economy suffers and many go without work. The current administration works to help mediate the crisis even though it knows its days are numbered. The civil war in the caliphate forces the Empire and its ally Assyria to be on guard. However, there are no current plans to get involved other than to increase security at the border.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nationwide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The economy suffers a great deal, and as a result the Socialists and outlawed Communists get a bit too eager in their expression that they have the correct answer, resulting in many demonstrations and some riots. Reman forces launch attacks against the upstart Communists to contain their rebellion and restore peace and order in the region. (Algo tomorrow, probably. Busy tonight)
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started being worked on.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue to expand the airship routes through the country. The Ruthenians begin to transform Minsk into a hub for airship travel. 

1927

No mod event this turn unless the other mods deem it prudent to have some.

  • Commonwealth Kingdoms: New Mecklenburg, Kameroon and German West Africa expand by 750 px each. Several detachments of the navy sail for New Rugia around mid-year, arriving roughly ten weeks later as a result of their relatively slow cruising speed taken. After a weeks holiday in the New Rugian capital of Sophiastadt and outlying ports, the fleets move into the New Rugian Sea for war games. The four completed carriers, Artemis, Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite, with newly developed planes capable of dropping torpedoes prove their worth, with four Furchennicht-type battleships calculated sunk, and another four seriously damaged. After several weeks of war games, the fleet decides to anchor in New Rugia for Christmas. Back home, Chancellor Dietrich proposes commonwealth-wide budget cuts in order to lessen the impact of the depression. Andea and Brazil are again offered the 1923 offer of an alliance and economic cooperation already accepted by Algonquia.
  • Borealia Flag 2 Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Films in color are becoming more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. One scientist begins researching the possibility of utilizing energy from indivisible particles, thus creating a theory of nuclear fusion. Tanks continue being developed. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin being built on the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. In sympathy for the oppression of Communism in Europe, a small Communist Party emerges this year in New Vienna. These people are viewed suspiciously, however, as Communism usually has no place in Borealian culture. The Gothic movement insists on aiding the rebels in Arcadia, as they see the old destruction of Arcadia to be a violation of their rights. The Curia remains neutral, but tells Reme that they will help put down the rebels in exchange for purchasing parts of Texas, which would give Borealia a port on the Atlantic (Mod response). The Reformist Church continues to grow in the continent, leading many relief efforts for the poor and preaching that the second coming of Christ will come in this generation.
    • The State of Australia: The state greatly increases this year by beginning joint control over the colony of New Mecklenburg, provided by Germany on the provision of ceding the whole colony by 1929. The capital of the state is centered at Dandiri (OTL Brisbane), which administer over all land settlements and the Luwrit Sea (OTL Tasman Sea). Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. Settlements begin to grow around the Lake Eyre region. With respect to the German colonial government, we ask Croatia to purchase the part of the outback north of Lake Eyre.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. The nation considers expanding the Treaty of Midway over the waters within the Luwrit Sea.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: With the incorporated French colony, continues to expand its lumber and mining companies with cheap labor picked up from surrounding natives. An organized government forms along with some small villages. The border expands inward 750 px.
    • Colony of North Antarctica: A small base is established on Antarctica's northernmost peninsula, inhabited only six months of the year. A lighthouse begins construction to aid shipping that travels south of Cape Horn.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to technology becoming better. Factories still make weapons and vehicles for our military, but it is not the mostly made item. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continued to increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Cars are now being popular within the middle class people, and not just the rich society. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges and banks. This is the sixth straight year we slowly annex Sardinia into our nation.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science. The Hyundai Motor Company continues to build more cars.
  • United Nordic Republics
    • ​Republic of Denmark: Denmark capitalizes on the fall of Pskov. With money flowing into the Kattegat and out of Pskovian wallets, there is one undoubted ruler of the Baltic Seas now. Former Communists flee to Jutland since Denmark is a Socialist state. Prime Minister Albert Wagner celebrates the end of the Great War, condemning Communism as a perversion of state-sponsored welfare. He worries that the actions of France have harmed Socialist movements in Europe, setting them back decades. In the meantime, a new destroyer is added to the Danish navy. There are over 113 ships in total flying Danish colors.
    • Republic of Sweden: Sweden also sees profit in the fall of Pskov. With money flowing into the Kattegat and out of Pskovian wallets, there is one undoubted ruler of the Baltic Seas now. Telephone lines are built in Sweden as electricity is brought to the northern cities and towns of Sweden. The Republic of Sweden commissions two destroyers into the Swedish fleet. There are now over 200 ships flying Swedish colors. Sweden offers to westernize the Caliphate in exchange for oil.
    • Republic of Norway: Christjen Sigurson continues his term as president of the Norwegian Republic. Norway produces the Knulleskipetditt-Class protected cruiser, deciding the Stejt-Class is unfit for patrolling the North Sea and the open waters. Three are produced. In the meantime, Norway sends troops to the cause in the Winter War, congratulating Iceland on a victory. Christjen Sigurdson states the necessity of good relations with Algonquia and Borealia following this war. "Now that we've settled these differences, let's get back to making money." There are currently 193 ships flying Norwegian colors.
    • Republic of Finland: Jonna Kekkonnen visits the Karelian cities this year. She wishes to improve the cities of Karelja, forming the Karelja Initiative. In the meantime, landlines to Sweden and Norway are proposed. Construction is mid-way by Christmas this year. She sends money and foodstuff to Helluland in the Winter War. The Anaalihävityksen-Class protected cruiser is commissioned, though Finland is more interested in buying used ships from the Nordic Revolutions where applicable. The city of Helsinki sees drastic growth this year as urbanization in Finland continues. Kekkekon continues to fight for women's rights. There are 73 ships in Finland's navy. In the meantime, seeing Reme's success with powered flight, Finland considers recreating the experiment.
    • Commonwealth of Iceland: Iceland's immediate concern, the Winter War, seems to be over. The people of Iceland rejoice. Literacy programs in Iceland begin. According to the Alting, too many people 'can't figure out how to spell our damn words right.' Reykyjavik sees improvements this year. The University of Reykyjavik opens its doors in 1881. The university is noted for being the 'North Pole of Academia.' Speaking of the North Pole, expeditions are sent to the Arctic ice cap to investigate the North Pole. The navy of Iceland improves, with the Augapóker-Class cruiser being released this year. Iceland wishes to increase relations with Algonquia and Borealia, offering to re-open the embassy in Helluland and Reykjavik.
  • Spain: Continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning despite economic hardship. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. but government funded projects end as the government begins using money in other places in an effort to save the falling economy. Spanish businesses expand across Spanish territories and into other nations. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and planes and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain increases the number of battle ready ships in the Royal Armada, although at a much slower rate as the new government cuts military spending down to 60%. More automatic weaponry stuff. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 sq km north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 sq km. Croats in Dahomey retain their rights. Dahomey expands 8000 sq km into the interior of Africa. The Spanish colony in southwest Africa expands 8000 sq km inland as well. Spain continues to develop better tanks. Planes improve. The economic recession leads to massive upheaval across Spain as the Moderates become the majority party in Spanish government. Fortunata Cardona becomes the Prime Minister and begins enacting measures that he believes will save the Spanish economy and lift it from the recession, and hopes that progress made in Spain will help other nations recover as well. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
        • Algeria: Begins to feel the effects of the recession in Spain. Algerian banks lose money fast, since they did not place security measures in place as soon as possible, unlike Singapore. Boats, guns, planes, cars.
        • Singapore: Also continues to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore is affected by the economic crisis in Spain, but to a smaller degree, so the Singapore government continues to put security measures in place to prevent further losses.
  • The Netherlands: We order into production our first armored car. Designs on a tank are being conceived. Eco and Infra.
    • Dutch France: Mil and Eco.
    • Luxembourg: Mil and Infra.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: The economy appears to be slowly recovering, at least in part due to the government's reforms. The socialist nature of the reforms manages to somewhat appease the Communists, checking their growth. The PF, however, are unimpressed by the lack of prosecution of the (Jewish) leaders of the main banks, and at their continued wealth and prominence. The perceived weakness of the Imperial government in the face of the Crashes has led the PF to adopt an extreme form of Oldenburger nationalism. They claim that, were Oldenburg only to break free of the shackles of the Communist/Jewish/Secular/Marian Liberal controlled Rest-of-Germany, it would return to the "glory days" when it was the envy of the world. Whilst scoffed at by people who actually care about historical facts, ignorant and uninformed people - predominantly urban poor - buy into the mythos. In the election this year, the PF gains an pocketful of new seats in the working-class suburbs of Oldenburg and Jadehaven.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: The hydroelectric dam construction project has proved itself a miracle for the NN economy. Unemployed people of all descriptions take the trains or airships out to the West to work on the project, soon dubbed the country's "concrete lung". Although the country's economic problems are far from over, the project has alleviated at least the worst of the unemployment and, perhaps more importantly, given people hope where once there was despair.
  • Mexaca: (Can someone tell me what I am?) The (Kingdom/Empire/Republic/Commonwealth/IDK what I am) of Mexaca begins improving our industry, to catch up with our ally Borealia. More factories are built in the nation and rail lines begin being built from the border with Borealia to the southern border in an attempt to increase efficiency of traveling.
    • The Union of Borealia offers to mass produce industrial goods from the Empire of Mexaca (you're welcome).

Algonquia suffers from the economic downturn, with the Centrists losing control of the government to the Transitional Communists yet again. The Algonquia populace is, although generally left-wing, also very anti-Arcadian, so aid is sent to Reme to help suppress the Arcadian revolts. Submarines continue to be produced in large numbers, technology having advanced considerably, while major public works are undertaken to provide employment, notably a nationwide railway upgrade. Algonquia expands north, as does Sahutudene, while the Zollern Insels improve their economy.

  • Roman Empire: The Roman Empire continues to recover from the shock of the Great War, in which many good Romans died. The Empire also focuses on its internal security and stability after noticing the power of the revolt in Africa and remembering painful memories of revolts in Italy and Egypt. Economic and civic policy are seen as key to improving stability and cohesiveness in the Empire. With that said, the Empire does have several foreign policy successes to note as well, mainly the unification of the Tartary and the return of order in the steppes. Trade continues to go well and the military continues to have a major part of Roman society, and new weapons like tanks, planes, and better submarines now play a significant role in the way the Empire wages war. The financial crisis affects the Empire badly, and the economy suffers and many go without work. The current administration works to help mediate the crisis even though it knows its days are numbered. The civil war in the caliphate forces the Empire and its ally Assyria to be on guard. However, there are no current plans to get involved other than to increase security at the border.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nationwide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The economy suffers a great deal, and as a result the Socialists and outlawed Communists get a bit too eager in their expression that they have the correct answer, resulting in many demonstrations and some riots. Reman forces launch attacks against the upstart Communists to contain their rebellion and restore peace and order in the region. (Algo tomorrow, probably. Busy tonight)
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started being worked on.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue to expand the airship routes through the country. The Ruthenians begin to transform Minsk into a hub for airship travel.

1928

  • Commonwealth Kingdoms: New Mecklenburg, Kameroon and German West Africa expand by 750 px each. In light of Borealias "gentle reminder" of the expiration of joint control of New Mecklenburg, Emperor Friedrich makes a statement regarding it, "the Union of Borealia has 'reminded' us of the ultimatum they sent to us whilst we were fighting for freedom from the Communist scourge. Now, we are free from that. Now, we can focus on defending our New Mecklenburger brothers and sisters. With the approval of the Diet (ooc: Cookie supports this) I declare the Borealian ultimatum to be null and void. The navy detachments who conducted war games in the area last year will be deployed to New Mecklenburger territorial waters, and the colonial forces will be mobilized. Regular army units will soon begin arriving in New Mecklenburg and will militarize the border, as a precaution in the event Borealias proven aggressive expansionism gets the better of them. This is not an aggressive posture, but merely preparation to defend the Germans of New Mecklenburg. I encourage Borealia to drop cliams to New Mecklenburg before blood is shed in the Outback." Indeed the navy conducting war games near New Rugia last year is stationed in New Mecklenburg. Army units from the Colonial forces, and the regular Army of New Rugia ar stationed near the Borealian border.
    • The Union of Borealia warns Germany that this betrayal and complete disregard for our agreement is tantamount to an act of war. We aided Germany to defeat the Communists, not to benefit ourselves, but to promote freedom and democracy in the world. Now the world can see Germany's actual motives: to lie and cheat for the goal of protecting their own hide. We call on all nations to see the lack of legitimacy in Germany's claim.
      • Germany reminds Borealia of its treachery, when it near invaded New Mecklenburg during the Great War. It didn't even aid the allies in their invasions of the Communist countries, the only one from the New Munich Pact that did was the Reman Empire. And here it stands, claiming that it was a consenting agreement, when it was a one-sided ultimatum. Germany will not stand by and allow Borealia to subjugate more good Germans, like those in its "State of Australia".
      • Borealia: Regardless of whether Germany accepts the ultimatum now, it accepted it 20 years ago in 1909. Thus, this retroactive renouncement is a clear violation of their word, plain and simple. The "betrayal" of the aborted Australian War you refer to was in no way a violation of good faith as the agreement after the Hamburger War was in relations to the Borealian colonies only. No, the only traitor here is Germany's violation of their agreement, who is also the only imperial power here who wishes to keep their colonies indefinitely. Spain, France, Britain, Holland and even Scandinavia all ultimately gave up their claims, yet Germany stands petulant.
    • Algonquia is concerned by this, and points out to Germany that the recently signed alliance is now effectively null and void, since Germany is clearly willing to revoke it at the drop of a hat and discard its obligations. It also advises the remnants of the Beothuk Nationalist Front to begin rearming, advising them that Germany may well revoke the earlier amnesty at any second.
      • Germany assures Algonquia that the Beothuk are not in harm during this issue. This stems from Borealias betrayal of the good faith attempting to be built after the 1884 war. In 1909, Borealia threatened invasion of New Mecklenburg if their ultimatum wasn't agreed to. We have decided to well-being of our people in New Mecklenburg warrants our rejection of their ultimatum.
    • Nederlands: we revoke all agreements with Germany.
    • Spain officially sides with Borealia on the matter but will not actively participate in the war. However, Germany is condemned.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science. The Hyundai Motor Company continues to build more cars.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to technology becoming better. Factories still make weapons and vehicles for our military, but it is not the mostly made item. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continued to increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Cars are now being popular within the middle class people, and not just the rich society. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges and banks. This is the 7th straight year we slowly annex Sardinia into our nation.
  • Borealia Flag 2 Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Films in color are becoming more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. One scientist begins researching the possibility of utilizing energy from indivisible particles, thus creating a theory of nuclear fission. Tanks continue being developed. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin being built on the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. In sympathy for the oppression of Communism in Europe, a small Communist Party emerges this year in New Vienna. These people are viewed suspiciously, however, as Communism usually has no place in Borealian culture. The Gothic movement insists on aiding the rebels in Arcadia, as they see the old destruction of Arcadia to be a violation of their rights. The Curia remains neutral, but tells Reme that they will help put down the rebels in exchange for purchasing parts of Texas, which would give Borealia a port on the Atlantic (Mod response). The Reformist Church continues to grow in the continent, leading many relief efforts for the poor and preaching that the second coming of Christ will come in this generation.
    • The State of Australia: The state greatly increases this year by beginning joint control over the colony of New Mecklenburg, provided by Germany on the provision of ceding the whole colony by 1929. The capital of the state is centered at Dandiri (OTL Brisbane), which administer over all land settlements and the Luwrit Sea (OTL Tasman Sea). Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. Settlements begin to grow around the Lake Eyre region. We gently remind Germany that the 20-year joint rule over New Mecklenburg is set to expire next year.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. The nation considers expanding the Treaty of Midway over the waters within the Luwrit Sea.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: With the incorporated French colony, continues to expand its lumber and mining companies with cheap labor picked up from surrounding natives. An organized government forms along with some small villages. The border expands inward 750 px.
    • Colony of North Antarctica: A small base is established on Antarctica's northernmost peninsula, inhabited only six months of the year. A lighthouse begins construction to aid shipping that travels south of Cape Horn.
    • Mexacan Dip: We propose a personal union of our countries, where Mexaca shall have a devolved government (Like Wales and Scotland in the OTL United Kingdom)
  • Spain continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning despite economic hardship. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. but government funded projects end as the government begins using money in other places in an effort to save the falling economy. Spanish businesses expand across Spanish territories and into other nations. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and planes and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain increases the number of battle ready ships in the Royal Armada, although at a much slower rate as the new government cuts military spending down to 60%. More automatic weaponry stuff. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 sq km north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 sq km. Croats in Dahomey retain their rights. Dahomey expands 8000 sq km into the interior of Africa. The Spanish colony in southwest Africa expands 8000 sq km inland as well. Spain continues to develop better tanks. Planes improve. The economic recession leads to massive upheaval across Spain as the Moderates become the majority party in Spanish government. Fortunata Cardona continues enacting measures that he believes will save the Spanish economy and lift it from the recession, and hopes that progress made in Spain will help other nations recover as well. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria continues to feel the effects of the recession in Spain. Algerian banks lose money fast, since they did not place security measures in place as soon as possible, unlike Singapore. Boats, guns, planes, cars.
    • Singapore also continues to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore is affected by the economic crisis in Spain, but to a smaller degree, so the Singapore government continues to put security measures in place to prevent further losses.
    • Please stop changing the format of my posts.
  • Empire of Mexaca: The infrastructure and economy improves. More rail lines and factories are built. We accept the offer of Borealian trade. We also propose the idea of personal union with the Union of Borealia. (Too many things to backread on, My apologies)
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: The economy appears to be slowly recovering, at least in part due to the government's reforms. The socialist nature of the reforms manages to somewhat appease the Communists, checking their growth. The PF, however, are unimpressed by the lack of prosecution of the (Jewish) leaders of the main banks, and at their continued wealth and prominence. The perceived weakness of the Imperial government in the face of the Crashes has led the PF to adopt an extreme form of Oldenburger nationalism. They claim that, were Oldenburg only to break free of the shackles of the Communist/Jewish/Secular/Marian Liberal controlled Rest-of-Germany, it would return to the "glory days" when it was the envy of the world. Whilst scoffed at by people who actually care about historical facts, ignorant and uninformed people - predominantly urban poor - buy into the mythos. In the election this year, the PF gains an pocketful of new seats in the working-class suburbs of Oldenburg and Jadehaven.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: The hydroelectric dam construction project has proved itself a miracle for the NN economy. Unemployed people of all descriptions take the trains or airships out to the West to work on the project, soon dubbed the country's "concrete lung". Although the country's economic problems are far from over, the project has alleviated at least the worst of the unemployment and, perhaps more importantly, given people hope where once there was despair.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue to expand the airship routes through the country. The Ruthenians continue to transform Minsk into a hub for airship travel.
  • Andea: Andea's economic growth grinds to a halt with the recent stock market crash. The stock market crash in itself would be managable if not for a massive panic triggered in its wake. Very quickly, the Andean banks begin to fail. The governemnt quickly cuts naval funding and pours money into the failing system, hoping to rescue it. Funding for the ANA (Andean National Army) and Marine core remains steady despite the economic hardship. The Machine Pistol is officially adopted as part of the Andean Army and Marines. The National Guard responds to a massive protest in Arequipa, quickly dispersing the protesters.


      • Union of Sudafrica: The nation continues to see expansions in military, navy, and industry. Despite the economic hardships, the literacy and health of the colony expand drastically.
  • Roman Empire: The Roman Empire continues to recover from the shock of the Great War, in which many good Romans died. The Empire also focuses on its internal security and stability after noticing the power of the revolt in Africa and remembering painful memories of revolts in Italy and Egypt. Economic and civic policy are seen as key to improving stability and cohesiveness in the Empire. With that said, the Empire does have several foreign policy successes to note as well, mainly the unification of the Tartary and the return of order in the steppes. Trade continues to go well and the military continues to have a major part of Roman society, and new weapons like tanks, planes, and better submarines now play a significant role in the way the Empire wages war. The financial crisis affects the Empire badly, and the economy suffers and many go without work. The current administration works to help mediate the crisis even though it knows its days are numbered. The civil war in the caliphate forces the Empire and its ally Assyria to be on guard. However, there are no current plans to get involved other than to increase security at the border.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nationwide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The economy suffers a great deal, and as a result the Socialists and outlawed Communists get a bit too eager in their expression that they have the correct answer, resulting in many demonstrations and some riots.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started being worked on.
  • Emeraldie: The land forces stand at 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces is completed. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies. We expand 800 px into the continent's interiorWith the booming economy, the government begins investing heavily in education and infrastructure. In other news, the first domestically produced cars are built, with companies taking advantage of the growing petrol supply. The Royal Air Corps is expanded with new purpose built aircraft, it now includes 50 planes and seven bomber Zeppelins. The world's first aircraft carrier is completed, christened HMES Charlemagne, it represents the pinnacle of naval aeronautics. The Royal Airship Company expands its operations across the continent.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: The territorial government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 8000 men.
    • The area you are expanding into has been full for quite some time.
  • Nederlanden: We declare neutrality in the possible Borealia-Germany war.Large amounts of armored cars are mass-produced. The navy is improved, with many new ships being built. The Dutch Air Force expresses interest in Emeraldie's aircraft carriers, and plans to develop one as soon as possible. (Mil and Eco). We condemn the Germans.
    • Dutch France: (Infra and Eco)
    • Luxembourg: (Mil and Eco)

1929

A new government comes to power in France, pledging a return to French power and the return of traditional French land. Foreign observors claim that at the moment this new government is irredentist and far right, but nothing signficantly worse than the Roman Fascist Party. At least, for now. 

  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science. The Hyundai Motor Company continues to build more cars.
  • Andea is deeply concered by the recent German desicon to not follow up on their agreements. All agreements made with Germany following the Kuban War are terminated. WE PLEDGE MILITARY SUPPORT TO OUR NORTHERN ALLIES, AND TERMINATE THE RECOGNITION OF KUBA AND BELIZE AS GERMAN TERRITORY. TRADE WITH GERMANY IS ENDED, AND WE ASK THAT OUR ALLIES IN THE SECOND HESPERIAN LEAGUE, ROME AND SPAIN DO THE SAME. In other news, Andea's economy finally shows signs of recovering as the new government comes in and begins to implement new systems such as Price Administration. The debate about the constitutionality of this is limited, as the focus remains on economic growth. The new policies focus on "Trickle Up" or Demand Side economics. The military is set at 500,000 active men, and 500,000 reserve men, with new machine pistols, now more commonly called "submachine guns" being implemented into the Andean military. The navy remains large, with the first aircraft carrier, a modified dreadnought, having finished production in 1927. Further developments into this type of naval vessel continue, with more being added to the military. Population stands at 97 million. Colony will be added later. (Mod Response needed on Brazil as Fritz is away for two weeks).
    • Germany (Bavaria): Laughs at Andean aggression, and asks the Andean government to seriously tone down the rhetoric. Germany holds no ill will toward Andea, and reminds the Andeans that a peaceful compromise is being reached between Borealia and Germany, which the Andeans have the freedom to participate in.
  • Ban Republic of Croatia (Banska Republika Hrvatska): Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of theBan Republic. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and Eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. Kotor Saraka (Adelaide) continues to expand. Draganić continues his research. 
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Ban Republic of Carantania (Banska Republika Karantanija): Being Alpine Slavic nation, the leaders begin a programme to create a standardized Carantanian language that will reflect on both the Slavic and Alpine (Germanic) aspects of Carantania.
    • Sukadang Županija: Croatization. Expansion onto the other parts of Borneo.
    • Croatian Africa: Continues to expand.
    • White Croatia: Large-scale Croatization, numerous harsh measures are introduced to ensure White Croatia is Croatian.
  • Spain continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning despite economic hardship. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. but government funded projects end as the government begins using money in other places in an effort to save the falling economy. Spanish businesses expand across Spanish territories and into other nations. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and planes and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain increases the number of battle ready ships in the Royal Armada, although at a much slower rate. More automatic weaponry stuff. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 sq km north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 sq km. Croats in Dahomey retain their rights. Dahomey expands 8000 sq km into the interior of Africa. The Spanish colony in southwest Africa expands 8000 sq km inland as well. Spain continues to develop better tanks. Planes improve. The economic recession leads to massive upheaval across Spain as the Moderates become the majority party in Spanish government. Fortunata Cardona continues enacting measures that he believes will save the Spanish economy and lift it from the recession, and hopes that progress made in Spain will help other nations recover as well. Spain cuts off trade with Germany and German ships are no longer allowed in Spanish waters. The Straits of Malacca are also closed to any German ships that seek to pass through. The Spanish Naval Air Department is created. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria continues to feel the effects of the recession in Spain. Algerian banks lose money fast, since they did not place security measures in place as soon as possible, unlike Singapore. Boats, guns, planes, cars. Algeria takes similar measures to Spain against Germany.
    • Singapore also continues to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore is affected by the economic crisis in Spain, but to a smaller degree, so the Singapore government continues to put security measures in place to prevent further losses.
  • Borealia Flag 2 Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Films in color are becoming more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. One scientist begins researching the possibility of utilizing energy from indivisible particles, thus creating a theory of nuclear fission. Tanks continue being developed. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin being built on the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. Politics in Borealia is split over the German diplomatic scandal. Some lean on the Gothic side and wish to negotiate peace with Germany, while other "Marmtillics" want to declare war. The Reformist Church splits in two over this issue, as many are disillusioned that Germany would consider their empire more valuable than the lives of the people in it. Trad is suspended from Germany in comradary with Andea.
    • The State of Australia: The state greatly increases this year by beginning joint control over the colony of New Mecklenburg, provided by Germany on the provision of ceding the whole colony by 1929. The capital of the state is centered at Dandiri (OTL Brisbane), which administer over all land settlements and the Luwrit Sea (OTL Tasman Sea). Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. Settlements begin to grow around the Lake Eyre region. Australia is shocked that Germany went back on its word, and even more surprised to see the military aggression on the part of New Mecklenburg. The border is demilitarized as a sign of good will, and in the hope that the Germans will wake up from their imperialism and allow the state go free. We continue to call on all nations to see the illegitimacy of Germany's actions.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. The nation considers expanding the Treaty of Midway over the waters within the Luwrit Sea. Military from Borealia is convoyed to these islands.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: With the incorporated French colony, continues to expand its lumber and mining companies with cheap labor picked up from surrounding natives. An organized government forms along with some small villages. The border expands inward 750 px.
    • Colony of North Antarctica: A small base is established on Antarctica's northernmost peninsula, inhabited only six months of the year. A lighthouse begins construction to aid shipping that travels south of Cape Horn.
    • Borealian Dip (to Mexaca): We gracefully decline the offer of union, but will offer a stronger alliance to aid in your efforts of expansion.
    • Borealian Dip (to Germany): We see that the consequence of your rash decision has cost you international recognition. As a fellow Gothic state, we would deplore seeing Germany fall to the various threats it now faces, or suffer from the loss of trade during this depression. We therefore hope that you reconsider your decision, and peacefully relinquish claims to the aboriginal lands as originally promised.
      • Germany instead offers a compromise, where joint rule will be extended by ten years, while a referendum on New Mecklenburg's future status takes place.
      • Bavaria-Germany supports the stance of the federal government, and is willing to extend joint rule by ten years. HOWEVER, after that ten years, the New Mecklenburg government will be allowed to go independent in 1938/9.
      • Borealia accepts Bavaria's proposal as long as, being in joint control of the region, it retains the same military and oil rights as Germany.
      • Germany assures Borealia that it will have the same military and oil rights in the region until 1939. Furthermore, once New Mecklenburg becomes independent, Germany will be willing to act as an observer or mediator in any future economic meetings between Borealia and a free New Mecklenburg.
  • United Nordic Republics
    • ​Republic of Denmark: Denmark capitalizes on the fall of Pskov. With money flowing into the Kattegat and out of Pskovian wallets, there is one undoubted ruler of the Baltic Seas now. Former Communists flee to Jutland since Denmark is a Socialist state. Prime Minister Albert Wagner celebrates the end of the Great War, condemning Communism as a perversion of state-sponsored welfare. He worries that the actions of France have harmed Socialist movements in Europe, setting them back decades. In the meantime, a new destroyer is added to the Danish navy. There are over 120 ships in total flying Danish colors. The Nordic Republican Air Force is created this year. Before this year, the thirty planes at the UNR's disposal actually fell under the jurisdiction of the navy.
    • Republic of Sweden: Sweden also sees profit in the fall of Pskov. With money flowing into the Kattegat and out of Pskovian wallets, there is one undoubted ruler of the Baltic Seas now. Telephone lines are built in Sweden as electricity is brought to the northern cities and towns of Sweden. The Republic of Sweden commissions two destroyers into the Swedish fleet. There are now over 200 ships flying Swedish colors. Sweden offers to westernize the Caliphate in exchange for oil.
    • Republic of Norway: Norway's navy guards the North Sea as it protects its interests from pirates and would-be assailants in the North Atlantic. The economy of Norway improves this year as trade floods into the nation, especially the city of Oslo, which rivals even Copenhagen as the trading capital of the Baltic. In the meantime, a frigate is added to the Norwegian naval assets. A plane is also built this year. An air force base is established outside Oslo.
    • Republic of Finland: The Republic of Finland trades heavily with Livonia this year while Helsinki, the easternmost trade capital of the Baltics, sees renovation. An air force base is established near Helsinki while three planes are built this year for the Finnish Air Force. In the meantime, the Finnish navy sees the addition of another frigate while a handful of older ships are retired this year. Several covered cruisers, which saw action in WWI, are scrapped this year and used for parts for newer ships.
    • Commonwealth of Iceland: Iceland proposes the Helluland Proclamation, which would make Helluland an independent nation, albeit allied with the United Nordic Republics and their interests. Proponents of the Proclamation believe that the time for Helluland's independence has long since passed. Opponents believe that such an act would only encourage warmongering from Algonquia. The Helluland Proclamation does not pass. An air force base in Rejkyjavik is established this year. Iceland requests to purchase the German strip of territory in Greenland.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to technology becoming better. Factories still make weapons and vehicles for our military, but it is not the mostly made item. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continued to increase in the nation. Agriculture is the best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continuing to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Cars are now becoming popular in the middle class people, and not just the rich society. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges and banks. This is the 8th straight year we slowly annex Sardinia into our nation.
  • Republic of China: We offer bailout to the struggling Chinese countries, in return for becoming a satellite of the Republic of China. Our economy has completely recovered, the Conservatives now in their Third Term in power, with the next election not for three more years. We begin a minor border skirmish with Tibet, initiating the plan for invasion, with the Conservatives thinking it will benefit our economy. We await Indian and Japanese response from the attack. The austerity measures are declared over and the populace enjoys living in luxury compared to some Chinese states.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue to expand the airship routes through the country. The Ruthenians continue to transform Minsk into a hub for airship travel.
  • Morocco: AT LAST, ERIC4E IS BACK AND BEGINS POSTING MOROCCAN NATION EVERY TURN!!! The Sultanate of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up its military, mainly the army and navy. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and the population continues to grow by adding 200,000 people every year. The population of Morocco now stands at 21 million people, while the number of military troops stands at 1.4 million soldiers. Number of ships active in Moroccan Navy stands at 40 ironclad ships, 14 frigates, 18 cruisers and 25 destroyers. Continue building a series of early fighters, bombers and now a few airships on military airports, which later added into the Moroccan Air Force. Morocco finishes its war on three various West African countries and are later annexed into Morocco. Roads and railroads are built between old and new cities. Fewer museums, colleges and more houses, schools, hospitals, power plants and mining plants are built. The mining plants produces materials: coal, iron and now gold and copper, which later used as products from industries. Industry continues improving and few factories are built along in cities, creating jobs for people of Morocco. The telephone/communications and mosaics industries continue to grow under a few large monopolies. The Moroccan automobile manufacturer Mellahu Motor Group continues mass building of cars and begins to sell its cars into all European and American nations. With parts of the country hooked up to electricity, few middle class citizens and rich citizens have light in their homes. The telegraph is popular with the rich and business people. The telephone is popular with the rich people of society. About five million classes have a radio in their homes. Cars are popular with middle and the rich class. A few docks and mosques are built. The Moroccan Navy continues building a series of cargo ships, which cargo ships are for trade and for future tensions. Trade with various major European powers decides economic boom of Morocco and Morocco's largest exports are mosaics and largest imports are mostly food. Artillery becomes more widely used in combat and more industries continues building a series of wartime artillery, which later added it to Moroccan Armed Forces. Meanwhile, few new trains are produced and few new railway lines are opened in service. Sultan Masinissa V continues to plan new reforms for Morocco and continues investing heavily in technology and science.
  • Roman Empire: The Roman Empire continues to recover from the shock of the Great War, in which many good Romans died. The Empire also focuses on its internal security and stability after noticing the power of the revolt in Africa and remembering painful memories of revolts in Italy and Egypt. Economic and civic policy are seen as key to improving stability and cohesiveness in the Empire. With that said, the Empire does have several foreign policy successes to note as well, mainly the unification of the Tartary and the return of order in the steppes. Trade continues to go well and the military continues to have a major part of Roman society, and new weapons like tanks, planes, and better submarines now play a significant role in the way the Empire wages war. The financial crisis affects the Empire badly, and the economy suffers and many go without work. The current administration works to help mediate the crisis even though it knows its days are numbered. The civil war in the caliphate forces the Empire and its ally Assyria to be on guard. However, there are no current plans to get involved other than to increase security at the border.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nationwide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The economy suffers a great deal, and as a result the Socialists and outlawed Communists get a bit too eager in their expression that they have the correct answer, resulting in many demonstrations and some riots.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started being worked on.

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