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1900 to 1909 (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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Archive Forty-Nine:

1890 - 1899

Archive Fifty:

1900 - 1909

Archive Fifty-One:

1910 - 1919

This page is an archive for the Principia Moderni III map game, from 1900 to 1909.

1900

Welcome to the last full century of playing. Make it a good one. 

The world's first true flight occurs in the southern Reman Empire, where the Franqi brothers are successful in having their craft fly for twelve seconds. However, a month later the Pskovite Kandinsky Aeronaucis Co. tests a craft that is able to fly for slightly longer and faster, establishing a lead in aeronautics. 

What the above event means is that yes, you can begin building airplanes. However, keep progress realistic, and don't go around expecting to develop planes for war outside of scouting just yet. Humans are smart, but not that smart. 

What about the Olympics?

Results incoming tomorrow evening. -MP

Electricty wouldn't catch on so quick. Stop it. Also no movies yet. That didn't start to 1905 otl. ~Edge

Bavarian Governor Felipe DiRegenati wins the 1900 German Chancellery elections. The campaign was very close, with Friedrich von Gustrow and DiRegenati neck and neck throughout the race. With this revelation, many pundits and politicians point to the little spotlight Oldenburger politician Friedrich Schumacher received, noting that since he is from Oldenburg, and not from the larger powers of Hamburg and Bavaria, he is destined to not receive enough attention or votes, and thus, will be destined to lose each election. This causes many in Oldenburgcitizens and politicians alike, to campaign for more political visibility and relevance in Germany.

  • United Commonwealth of Germany: Pop: 66 million; Capital: Marystadt; Chancellor: Gustrow, since 1897
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: The Neu Norderney Landtag invites Nobawsit to Jacqueline to discuss his concerns, and if he does so they are more than willing to ignore his treasonous act of taking up arms against the government. They point out to him and to the Algonquian government that over the past two years, the Landtag has been making great leaps in Beothuk welfare with the creation of the Beothuk Autonomous Territory in Southern Neu Juist, the establishment of a separate, Beothuk-run judicial system for Beothuk, as well as the passing this year of a bill setting aside three seats in the Landtag for native representatives. The Landtag will also happily listen to any concerns the Innu may have. The Duke also kindly asks Algonquia to please stop inciting and arming armed rebel groups within Oldenburger territory (I'm not entirely sure whether your actions are within the scope of the rules), and also so stop spreading lies regarding Oldenburg's "non recognition" of Beothuk existence, something clearly repudiated by the government's actions of recent years. In metropolitan Oldenburg, the new century is brought in with style in rooftop celebrations throughout the capital. A small but committed number of Oldenburger athletes take part in the Olympics this year, and will no doubt do their Duke and Emperor proud. People are also wowed and amazed by the discovery of powered flight, and much interest into flight is generated in the country.
    • Algonquia will do so when Oldenburg has restored the lands it has appropriated from the Beothuk and paid restitution for the damage done to their culture, language and people by European repression. Given that Oldenburg has only addressed their concerns in any way after the Beothuk took up arms, it sadly seems that the only thing that could bring these concerns to Oldenburger attention is violence.
    • Oldenburg Algonquia clearly doesn't understand the concept of an Autonomous Territory. Within the territory (which makes up a large portion of Neu Juist (remember the Beothuk are only from Newfoundland), governance is in the hands of an elected Beothuk Council. With the Judicial reform, any Beothuk committing any crime anywhere in Neu Norderney/Juist can opt to be tried under Beothuk customary law. (Now look, short of actually just giving them independence, they, you've GOT to admit, are pretty big steps which I Doubt any otl nation has rolled out so quickly). Oldenburg also points out that the Beothuk need only have raised their concerns peacefully, but certain sectors of their community seem to have over leapt that step straight to armed rebellion, in no small part due to Algonquian support. (Also, just to note, wouldn't the camps across the border be in Dutch territory?)
    • To clear up: It is only allowed if it is plausable and there is an anti-government faction to support. You can't make things up.
    • Well Kras rocked up last turn and invented a Beothuk resistance movement out of thin air... if that sort of thing is allowed, I am genuinely surprised the game hasn't become an anarchy of nations inventing rebellions in other nations Callumthered (talk) 22:00, June 16, 2015 (UTC)
    • Algonquia owns the rest of Newfoundland. Also, you've never addressed any of their concerns for ... several centuries. A long time. So I'd describe armed resistance as both justified and plausible.
    • Aah, I was just going by the map, my mistake. Callumthered (talk) 01:17, June 17, 2015 (UTC)
  • Commonwealth States of Bavaria, Austria, Venezia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, and Bremen: The Augsburg Diet continues to operate, being able to pass universal female suffrage in 1896. In military news, Heinrik Paks allows his war ministers to arm the border of Bavaria and France, seeing as how war becomes more likely each passing day. In political news, Governor-General Felipe DiRegenati wins the 1900 elections, and resigns his position as Governor-General on December 1, 1900. Since his Vice-Governor Mikael Amherst-Verner was on the same ticket, there is some confusion on who the new Governor-General should be. Heinrik Paks, Bavarian foreign secretary, is appointed by the Augsburg Diet to serve as interim chancellor, until a new one can be voted in in 1902.
  • Indian Empire: Queen Nur Jehan was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 331,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Bengal, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity. We attack Burma . [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 68.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000 and a major port and naval base was constructed at Mahmudpur, with 25% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights.
    • Khedivate of Punjab: The Capital of Punjab was Lahore and the population was 48.8 million. The Punjabi military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Punjab's exports as well. About the same time, the Punjabi rock-salt, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 38.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well. 
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Aceh, Mauritius, Tromelin and Reunion.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increae due to tensions rising in Europe. Factories mostly make weapons for our military. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continue increase in the nation. Agriculture is our second best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Theaters showing films continue to become popular in the nation. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. Since other European nations are building airplanes, our nation makes planes too. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. The king's son Mario is born.
  • Stop undoing my scratches. ~Edge
  • United Nordic Republics
    • ​Republic of Denmark: The repair of Copenhagen continues this year. Hans Kuschek continues to lead the free people of Denmark with a 63% approval rating. Denmark continues sending troops to Iceland as the Winter War draws to a close. With the Treaty of Rekyjavik being signed, Denmark applauds Iceland's efforts in its victory against Borealia and Algonquia. It eagerly anticipates a return to peace. Roads are repaired in Jutland after the winter as docks are serviced. In the meantime, a telephone line is established between Zealand and Jutland, allowing for faster communication. A phone line across the Kattegat is planned as early as 1884. A new protected cruiser class, the Stejlt-Class, is produced. The Stejlt-Class is replacing the Jernskrog-Class cruiser, which saw heavy action during the Nordic Revolutions. There are over 200 ships in total flying Danish colors.
    • Republic of Sweden: Rebuilding efforts in Stockholm continues. Three former members of the Reiksdag of Sweden are found and beheaded in Copenhagen. The Intemerhuvudsak is invented. This device beheads people quickly and painlessly. Construction on the new Riksdag Building continues  in Stockholm. The roads to Finland and Norway are repaved. These roads, which saw extensive damage due to weathering and the Nordic Revolutions, are in dire need of repair. Currently, the Riksdag is dominated by the Social Democratic party, with a whopping 82% of popular vote going to the Social Democratic party of Sweden. Juhanni Eriksen remains in power. Sweden adopts the Stejt-Class protected cruiser. Currently, there are 93 ships in total flying Swedish colors. The military of Sweden improves.
    • Republic of Norway: Christjen Sigurson continues his term as president of the Norwegian Republic. Norway produces the Knulleskipetditt-Class protected cruiser, deciding the Stejt-Class is unfit for patrolling the North Sea and the open waters. Three are produced. In the meantime, Norway sends troops to the cause in the Winter War, congratulating Iceland on a victory. Christjen Sigurdson states the necessity of good relations with Algonquia and Borealia following this war. "Now that we've settled these differences, let's get back to making money." There are currently 193 ships flying Norwegian colors.
    • Republic of Finland: Jonna Kekkonnen visits the Karelian cities this year. She wishes to improve the cities of Karelja, forming the Karelja Initiative. In the meantime, landlines to Sweden and Norway are proposed. Construction is mid-way by Christmas this year. She sends money and foodstuff to Helluland in the Winter War. The Anaalihävityksen-Class protected cruiser is commissioned, though Finland is more interested in buying used ships from the Nordic Revolutions where applicable. The city of Helsinki sees drastic growth this year as urbanization in Finland continues. Kekkekon continues to fight for women's rights. There are 73 ships in Finland's navy. In the meantime, seeing Reme's success with powered flight, Finland considers recreating the experiment.
    • Commonwealth of Iceland: Iceland's immediate concern, the Winter War, seems to be over. The people of Iceland rejoice. Literacy programs in Iceland begin. According to the Alting, too many people 'can't figure out how to spell our damn words right.' Reykyjavik sees improvements this year. The University of Reykyjavik opens its doors in 1881. The university is noted for being the 'North Pole of Academia.' Speaking of the North Pole, expeditions are sent to the Arctic ice cap to investigate the North Pole. The navy of Iceland improves, with the Augapóker-Class cruiser being released this year. Iceland wishes to increase relations with Algonquia and Borealia, offering to re-open the embassy in Helluland and Rekyjavik.
  • Romania: In Moldavia and Dobruja, we begin agricultural industrialisation. We build more factories in our nation. More collectivisation occurs. Tractors begin to be used in farms. We export many agricultural goods to our Communist allies.
    • Romanian Dip: We ask for technological support from Communist nations.
  • Borealia Flag 2Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. More films are made this year, rivaling radio entertainment. New Munich becomes the first city partially run on electrical power, and now light bulbs begin replacing gas lamps. As scientists explore mechanisms at smaller levels, it is theorized that all matter behaves like a particle and wave. Machine guns continue to improve with Andean supplies. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Submarines begin to be built for the purpose of breaking through northern ice caps. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. In the New Munich Olympics and World's Fair, representatives from as far as Japan and Morocco are introduced to the electronic wonders of the modern world, including light-bulbs, telephones and kinetiscopes. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. Support continues to be given to the Republican rebels in China. San Francisco continues to improve earthquake-proofing technology. Borealia requests if Andea would be interested in reviving the Union of Borealia and Hesperia, this time as a greater organization overseeing both the New Munich Pact and the Hesperian League.
    • The State of Australia: The ports continue to be expanded and the new city of Dandiri is built on the Pacific Coast. As more businesses are taken up by Muslim natives, the German colonists begin migrating to the new communities farther inland. Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. An irrigation program continues to be designed, with the hopes of aiding settlements in the outback. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry.
    • The Borealian Maritime Territory: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base in Midway. As trade in the Pacific grows, the Borealian navy establishes control over Hupuku Island (OTL Campbell Island) and begins exploring more of Western Antarctica. Plans begin to be made to establish a temporary base on the Western Peninsula (OTL Palmer Land).
    • Colony of Kinshasa: A slow stream of people seeking work and adventure continues to arrive at the African Territory. Houses continue to be built, but the vast majority of people working at the local mining business originate from local African villages.
    • Andea accepts, and proposes the The Fourth Treaty of Chan Chan to establish said alliance.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue to expand industry as a way to repair the economy after the end of the war. More and more people move to the city from the country in pursuit of jobs.
  • Algonquian public opinion becomes increasingly inflamed as Oldenburg continues to act as if the Beothuk and Innu are interlopers in their own land. This is reflected when the results for the regional elections come in, in which Nobawsit wins election as Sachem of Nitassinan, the northern half of Kolossland, despite being foreign-born. Now legitimized, he proceeds to raise the public profile of the Beothuk Nationalist Front, pressuring the High Sachem into giving further support to it, including Uzvards guns and even some of the new breechloading howitzers. The BNF’s camps along the border continue to grow. In a highly publicized speech, Nobawsit refuses the Oldenburger government’s request. He states “Why should I place myself into their hands? What the Oldenburgers take hold of they do not let go. They name me treasonous, when I owe nothing and have no obligation to their government. The lands of our people are trod by the feet of foreigners, the bones of my ancestors plowed up and their graves buried beneath the churches of foreign gods, and what do they offer us? The chance to have partial autonomy on a tiny portion of our own land?” The largely Beothuk inhabitants of the region are enthused, as are many Innu and even Cree and Ojibwe. Meanwhile, Algonquian athletes travel to the Olympics, while new minelayers continue to be launched. Algonquia is increasingly appalled at the brutality Mexaca used to suppress its revolution, noting that much of it occurred against the indigenous population in the nation's southern portion. It suspects the civil war was pretext of the government's for suppressing pro-independence sentiment among the indigenous population.
    • Sahtudene expands the max amount east, as does Kitlineq.
    • Lukaian continues to grow cash crops and even industrializes to a small degree.
  • Morocco: The Sultanate of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up its military, mainly the army and navy. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and the population continues to grow by adding 300,000 people every year. The population of Morocco now stands at 10.6 million people, while the number of military troops stands at 94,000 soldiers. Number of ships active in Moroccan Navy stands at 40 ironclad ships and 14 frigates. Morocco now has an 1100 px way south in chance to meet and conquer those remaining West African tribes, a new colonization act is signed by Sultan Abdelaziz, expanding the nation faster by 2000 px per year. AS well with a few new cities are built, roads and railroads are built between old and new cities. Fewer schools, museums, colleges and more houses, hospitals, power plants and mining plants are built. The mining plants produces materials coal, iron and now gold and copper, which later used as products from industries. Industry continues improving and few factories are built along in cities, creating jobs for people of Morocco. A few docks and mosques are built. Artillery become more widely used in combat and some industries continues building a series of wartime artillery, which later added it to Moroccan Armed Forces. Meanwhile, few new trains are produced and one new railway line are opened in service. Sultan Abdelaziz continues to plan new reforms for Morocco and continues investing heavily in technology and science. Morocco continue improving relations with Roman Empire and France to seek friendly alliances in future. Morocco asks to buy Hamburg's colony Williamsburg from United German Kingdoms for just xxx falus. When finally the 20th century is reached, the Moroccan government changes its national flag by adopting green pentagram and becomes, as we know it, more useful to present days. Morocco also in same year adopted its first and latest coat of arms. The largest city Casablanca now completely ran on electricity as more power planets are built along cities.
  • Andea: The Nation of Andea rapidly expands its industry, with a growing call for labour rights. The average yearly wage increases to 550 reals, and for the first time the government set a yearly minimum wage of 300 reals per year (for adults working full time jobs). The cost of living remains low, at roughly 1000 reals, with some areas having as low as 670 reals and as high as 8000 reals. City living becomes more popular, as more jobs emerge in the industrial sector of the economy. The cities of Chiribaya-Cuzco, Peru and Nazca all have populations Greater than one million. Cuzco Now has a population greater than two million. New Burgandy also grows to a population of 600,000. The military stands at 550,000 men, with service remaining compulsory. Population continues to grow steadily, with the population standing at 63.7 Million and rising steadly. The telephone/communications industry continues to grow under a few large monopolies. This industry trend is not unique to, but most notable in the Communications Industry. The Hesperia First Party continues to gain political steam, while the Nationals and Republicans lose more and more power. The Republican Party wins the presidency and the Upper House of the Senate. The Communist and Socalist parties also see significant gains, gaining one seat each. The Hesperia First party gains 18 seats, and the Nationals lose 33 seats. The Navy expands rapidly, with the introduction of Armored Cruisers and Greek fire. The Army also expands, with the adoption of the Galvin 2, an improved version of the Galvin Repeater. A new rifle, the Grant-Ramon Rifle, is adopted into the Andean military. Census results, combined with government estimates, place the number Andeans (Quechua, Mapuche or Mestizo) at 63% of the nations population, with the next largest group being Spanish (13%), French (9%), German (6%), East Asian (5%), and other (4%). Census results find that the fastest growing ethnic group is East Asian. Andea begins work on the Canal project, dubbed the Emerald Canal.
    • Protectorate of Cape Ferdinand: The Protectorate, now free of the Dutch, begins an expansion of its navy and military. An Andean garrison of 35,000 men is stationed in the territory, with an additional 5000 local troops. The territory remains a critical location for travel. Population stands at 105,000. An additional force of 50,000 men is stationed in the territory.
  • Mexaca is recovering from the civil war, which is now over. The Socialist Republics of Mexaca have been defeated, and now the empire rebuilds.
  • Brazil: With military personnel having firmly secured Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands, construction begins on a military base at Guam, and local governments are established to rule over the territories. Settlement of the Amazonas continues, spearheaded by the efforts of Cândido Rondon and the Seringueiros. Our nation experiences increasing problems in Central Hesperia, as the civil war in Mexaca threatens to disrupt our trade with Borealia. Additionally the announcement of a socialist government is frowned upon by the Brazilian government, which believes such a move would promote similar policies in Hesperia. With the threat of Communist nations and their allies seemingly increasing in Europe, there is a desire to subdue such a nation from expanding in the western hemisphere as well. The majority of Brazilian naval assets are transferred to the Imperial Sea or northern Brazil, in order to monitor the situation and prevent further violence. While patrolling off the coast of Roatán, near northern Emeraldie, several Mexacan ships open fire on our ships. A few casualties are reported, however a decisive engagement is avoided. After this incident we begin supporting democratic elements in the nation that are counter to the socialist government. Financial aid and advisors are provided to the Mexacan opposition, called the Partido Liberal Mexicano. Skirmishes in the far south spill over into Emeraldie, further instigating violence, especially after the Brazilian government is led to believe socialist insurgents may be infiltrating northern Emeraldie to establish training camps. We begin mobilizing our reserves, preparing for a possible action in Central Hesperia. Popularity in football continues to grow across our nation and Hesperia, and in São Sebastião the Estádio de São Pedro Apóstolo is completed.
  • Emeraldie: New construction starts on the nation's ports, farms and mines to increase the nation's exports and economic strength. The government enacts major overhauls to the nations military, particularly its navy, part of which includes the construction of several modern ironclads and three armoured cruisers. The land forces is reorganised to include 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies, to match this, the government begins to build the transnational railway which will connect all major cities and existing railways in the nation. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. Work begin on construction of the Panama Canal and the first oil wells are built in the nation.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: The more colonists and missionaries arrive in the region after the Emeraldian government portrays the territories as a lush tropical paradise. The South Pacific station is expanded with new modern ships. The territory government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 2700 men.
  • Ban Republic of Croatia (Banska Republika Hrvatska): Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and Eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. Kotor Saraka (Adelaide) continues to expand. A man named Mikula Milutin Draganić from Zadar begins catching the attention of the government after he begins claiming that he could redesign generators to be more efficient. By the end of the year, through help of government funds, he designs the so called Draganić coil.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materiel is needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Ban Republic of Carantania (Banska Republika Karantanija): Being Alpine Slavic nation, the leaders begin a programme to create a standardized Carantanian language that will reflect on both the Slavic and Alpine (Germanic) aspects of Carantania.
    • Sukadang Županija: Croatization. Expansion onto the other parts of Borneo.
  • Spain: The nation continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the burgeoning growth of the economy, new jobs created in the five major cities led to more people moving to the cities. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica and continues to push for the completion of the Trans-European rail link from Zaragoza to Paris to Marystadt so that the eastern part (Poland-Rome/Pskov) and the western part (Lisbon-Zaragoza). The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Aragon takes all the people from Edgistan. Boats and guns. Spain begins to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready battleships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. Prince Bruno takes to the streets of Madrid at night and fights crime at night. In honor of Balthasar the Batman, he dresses up as a bat at well. The Spanish government condemns the Communists. Spain continues to seek out dissenters in Communist France to weaken the French government's strength. Spain proposes the formation of an anti-Communist league. Spain also seeks the return of Gibraltar and Ceuta from Croatia. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 px north. Spanish West Africa declares war on the two local West African nations. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria expands 5000 sq km south as part of the nationalistic campaign to become a great nation on the African continent. Military technology is brought in from Spain, as well as other things. Prime Minister Moulin continues to push his vigorous economic reform ideals to great success. He is celebrated as a visionary thinker for the new century, although many of his right wing critics believe he is spending too much money. Algeria meets a small economic crisis, and Moulin and his policies are blamed for it by his opponents.
    • Singapore: Singapore also begins to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore also greatly benefits from the newly re-invigorated trade in the region. Singapore builds new infrastructure with its wealth and the General-Secretary's five-year growth plan continues. Singapore is generating wealth and its economy remains in a good state as Singapore begins to return to promise as a great economic hub of the east.
  • In the Grand Union (Pskov), the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes wealthier and wealthier as more people get used to over one hundred years of Pskovian governance. The Uzvards-Glinka Firearms Co. expands as more government contracts are heading their way for the production of the GUA-91 machine gun to replace older Uzvards models.Many more Einzbern model-93s are produced for the armed forces in industrial plants. More electric power stations are built as cities are electrified. Einzbern makes a new model of bolt-action rifle that is slightly more reliable, and is named the model-96, and made for sharpshooter divisions. Some even try to attatck spyglasses, called "scopes" for increased range. These Units begin to be known as "sniper" units. The Conservatives set up another "International Slavic Congress", and invites representatives from all slavic nations to join a celebration of traditions that unite all slavs in Pskov. The Grand Union looks to the east with despair. The Grand Union sends agents into Russia for the smuggling of human refugees fleeing the "red terror", and for funding militant organizations in Poland secretly (oi, will you do it to me first?) Fortifications are built along the demilitarized zone, and some schools begin to "black out" captured areas on maps, calling them the "occupied territories". The border with Russia and Poland are strengthened along the demilitarized zone, which is quickly becoming, quite ironically, one of the most militarized zones in the world (due to lots of "you put one unit, I put two" mentality on both sides). The Jacobeit Airship Co. continues to construct new and improved airship models. Leibnitz and AVA continue their rivalry, while the motorcycle becomes a bit more popular. After the Succes of the Kandinsky Avia-1, Kandinsky garners mush attention from the government, who present him a medal for his succeses, and emplore him to continue his research, giving him a substantial grant. The Avia-2 is tested this year, and this biplane is even more powerful than the Avia-1. More testing and designing ensues, as this visionary pursues his passion for aviation. The dawn of the 20th century is celebrated by the opening of an electrified subway in the city, named the Pskov Metropolitain Underground Train, or simply the Metro, and is taken by many people to get from place to place. It is a smashing success, bringing new revenue to the city. Elections are held this year, and the Christians manage to hold on to their government, but barely. They loose many seats, and are able to hold onto power by promising to compromise on many things, and by winning the support of the Lithuanian Nationalists, who promised not to vote against them in a no-confidence motion. The Real winners of the Election are the New Democrats, who won over many workers with their Pro-Union stance. The liberals faced similar fates, with most anti-union members being replaced by socialists or other parties, and pro-union candidates being elected, gaining the Union Liberals over third-fourths of the caucus. The Final Results are as Follows: A True Minority Government is formed with 402 seats by a Coalition of the Christian Social Union, controlling 286 seats and the National Conservative Party, controlling 116 seats. The Opposition is represented in an official capacity by the United Liberal Party, controlling 242 seats. The Government is Also opposed by the New Democratic Party, controlling 132 seats, the Grand Union Agrarian Party, controlling 54 seats, the Lithuanian Nationalist Union, controlling 27 seats, the Latvian National Democratic Coalition, Controlling 14 seats, and the Industrialist faction, loosely represented by nine members. 33 seats are vacant, and 87 deputees sit without affiliation. All Colonies expand their maximum
  • Roman Empire: The Empire is now at a period of peace and prosperity after a long period of war and uncertainty. Roman trade routes stretch across most of the world in the pursuit of wealth and trade goods and Roman military might remains a powerful force in Europe and other parts of the world. The Roman central government does what it can to address all of the issues of the various archonates within the Empire and ensure that their needs are met even as they help instill strength in the central government. Railroads are constructed around the nation to help connect the Empire and its peoples and steamships are used for much the same purpose on water. To further strengthen its position in Africa, the Roman government begins to make official claims in the Saharan desert north of Egypt's southern border. However, some in the Empire scoff at this, suggesting that the Empire is wasting its time claiming barren land and should focus on more resourceful areas of Africa, Asia or Europe. As European interest in Africa begins to heat up, Roman officials begin exploring possible resources or benefits from extended interaction with Madagascar, and trade and diplomats are directed there to assess the situation. Trade also expands with Hawaii, which becomes an impressive conduit of trade for Roman merchants and businesses. As such, the Empire takes an interest in Hawaii, but rather than try to annex it, as it is too far from Roman authority to do so, Roman officials instead would like to see a strong and friendly Hawaii. Weapons and officers are sent to Hawaii to help train their soldiers and protect their independence. The Roman Empire responds to the increased activity of Communist insurgency in other nations in Europe by adopting a more aggressive stance. Troops are sent to Gothia and Ruthenia to protect against potential Communist aggression from the north, and the Roman Empire begins making overtures towards Croatia, Transylvania and Vlachia to prepare their defences. The Roman Empire also deploys more troops to Italy to present a clear vanguard against potential aggression from Communist France or Lombardy, which is seen as soon falling to Communists while the Roman Empire is forbidden by treaty to intervene. The Roman Empire is concerned with the fall of the Tartary to the Communist hordes, and is particularly concerned that the Caliphate has aligned itself towards the hordes. Fears of being surrounded soon start to build up in the Roman government, and as a result the Roman government does what it can to help shore up its defenses both physical and diplomatic. The Roman Empire expands trade, industry, and military training to members of the Holy League, hoping to create and re-inforce a stable and strong military alliance in the Empire's sphere of influence. The Roman Empire is forced to take drastic measures in recent years, as the expansion of Communism is considered unacceptable. Roman officials draft and generally pass Plan East, which calls for strengthening the Roman Empire's allies in the Holy League so they can protect the Roman Empire's flank while the Roman Empire concentrates on a potential eastern front. Military officers and engineers travel to Armenia, Georgia, Assyria, and Transylvania to train and improve those countries in all matters martial and industrial. The same goes for the Caliphate, hoping that the Caliphate would provide the crucial link in the chain for eastern defense. To further update the Empire's strength, the Roman Empire militarizes, and the Senate mandates that the Roman military be at a total size of 850,000 in peacetime and that a million man army must be able to be mobilized within a few weeks. Threats of Communism in Lombardy are too large to be ignored, so Roman forces militarize in Italy and pledge that no former treaty will hold Roman forces back if Lombardy becomes a clear threat. Remnants of the Vlachian government flee to the Roman Empire or Transylvania and call for intervention in Vlachia. Roman and Vlachian forces move in, securing the southern part of the country and stopping at the Wallachian-Moldavian border, as per the compromise between the Communists and Monarchists. Support for the true Vlachian government rises, and the Roman Empire provides the southern government the resources it needs to get itself back on its feet. To help stabilize its northern border, train cars full of weapons and ammo are sent to Croatia, hopefully to bolster that front. Parades take place in Constantinople and other cities celebrating Armenia's entry into the Empire.
    • Tatar Empire: The fall of the Tartary is a huge surprise, and many officials fled to Roman lands. However, the Roman Empire was able to set up a puppet government claiming legitimacy from the remnants of the Tartary. The Tatar royal family is installed as the leaders of this puppet state, with much of the government based on that of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire does what it can to industrialize and modernize the puppet state, which effectively only controls the Black Sea coast. Effort is put entirely into the army, as there is no power that can challenge the might of the Roman navy in the Black Sea. Demoralized remnants of the Tartar Army along with volunteers are trained by Roman officers to help get the state back on its feet. 
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Reme continues its current expansion into the native dark-grey clusterfuck, expanding another 150 pixels into it. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nation wide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The Franqi brothers begin experimenting with the idea of heavier-than-air flight, but the task is daunting and will take some time to perfect a flying device. They manage to create a working model which flies for several seconds. However, it isn't impressive enough and they continue their work.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started to be worked on.
  • People's Republic of Poland: General Secretary Sokoloff refuses to remove the Polish troops from the DMZ border and declares that it is not in violation with any of the terms that were declared at the Armistice at Minsk. Though the situation continues, Poland continues to prosper within, with the effects of the Ten-Year Plan which finished in the year 1897, three years ago. Factories continue to be built throughout the nation. The General Secretary holds a speech in the capital of Warsaw, declaring that the new century spells the true start of a period of prosperity and greatness for Poland. HM Starek holds a military parade with the 100,000 troops who had returned from West Czechia a few years prior after the treacherous reunification of Czechia, officially commending their actions in the rebellion, before celebrating their return to duty, sending them to the DMZ border, which currently holds 660,000 troops. Meanwhile, Foreign Minister Dubanowski continues to funding of peaceful Communist organizations in Czechia, Silesia, Slovakia, Croatia, North Romania, Ruthenia, Pskov, and Prussia. The Foreign Minister also continues funding of the Anti-Juror Action in Pskov.
  • Imperial Japan: As the new century dawns, so does the new Empire of Japan with the implementation of the treaty of Beijing Japan. When Emperor Raijingusan was born the empire was a collection of Japan proper and a couple of ports, but now Japan is a shining empire in the Pacific, and is now considered a superpower in terms of vast greatness in not only territory, but also infrastructure, art, science, engineering literature, and education. The Emperor’s dream for Japan is fufilled, and as a result of the new century and new Japanese Empire there is a surge of nationalism. On the topic of literature, the book on the First-Sino Japanese War is published as well as the book “On the History of Japanese War history” and “On the History of Imperial Japan” is published. Emperor Rajiangstan himself attended New Munich, and noted “This city is a spectacular city, with lights gleaming over the fresh lakes, twinkling in the twilight, with the telephone that connects two voices from a far, and the kaleidoscope that has me see a beautiful rainbow of colors, indeed New Munich is a beacon upon a hill, and I hope Japan adopts the Borelian model of modernization.” The Emperor also returns to Tokyo, signs the Treaty of the Hague and the Treaty of Beijing, only to die, ushering an era of peace. “I was born, destined for something great, and something great I became, for I have made Japan the pinnacle of hope and light, sharing the greatness of the rising sun, to all four corners of the world. I may die today, but the Empire of Japan shall be eternal.” There is a massive memorial service held in Emperor Rajiangstan’s honor, and his first son, Emperor Heiwa to Han'ei, succeeds him, and begins to adopt the Borealian model of industrialization, trying to make Tokyo like New Munich.
    • Empire of Northern China: With the Signing of the Treaty of Beijing Manchuria and Northern China are merged, establishing the Empire of Northern China, with Emperor Wu, Emperor Rajiangstan’s second son, as Emperor. Major reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes, factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. Mining operations also continue. the Empire is also noted as one of the most diverse places in the Japanese Empire. We invest in developing the cities of Beijing and Tianjin. Emperor Waizu marries into the the Qing Dynasty, restoring the dynasty of the Manchu Empire of old.
    • Japanese Formosa: We invest in Formosa by implementing a massive railroad construction program as well as port construction to further the transportation of Formosa. We implement a program of both industry and agriculture in Formosa, with the industry being for Japan and the agriculture being for Formosa. We also make massive public education reform in Formosa. Industry also speeds up as a result of the wartime economy. Econ/mil turn. Industry is dedicated to the war.
    • Japanese Shanghai: We industrialize Shanghai and upgrade its port and infrastructure, including education. We have Shanghai specialize in shipbuilding and trading, making it a hub for trade in East Asia. We rapidly increase port building to make this city a hub for trade.
    • Northern Philippines: We welcome the former French Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war
    • Southern Philippines: We welcome the former Hamburgian Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war.
    • Japanese Siberia: We welcome the former Tartary territory into our empire and we begin an extensive program to rebuild the area after the war by expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, and factories. We also expan the economy of the area. Industry is dedicated to the war.
    • Jiangsu: Major rebuilding reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. We also construct a major irrigation system of Jiangsu and farm crops such as rice and wheat and make industry based on textiles and food and develop Shanghai and Nanking as important major cities. 
    • Guangdong: We begin developing the infrastructure of Guangdong by implementing major reform, and we build railroads, factories, schools, hospitals, homes, ports, and cities. In order to fuel this, we focus on developing the ports in the Pearl Delta River region making them a hub for trade in the Pacific. We open the Pearl River Delta to other nations in the Pacific and are willing to make a trade deal with them. 



1901

The Leader of the Caliphate dies suddenly. Meanwhile, in East Africa, local leaders begin to push for autonomy.

A local preacher in San Diego leads his followers away from mainstream Christianity, starting the Reformist Church of the Latter Day Saints.

A large fire breaks out in Warsaw. The Fire quickly spreads out of control, and over 250 people die.

Former Spanish Prime Minister Juan Scrawlando dies suddenly of heart failure.

  • Indian Empire: Queen Nur Jehan was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 331,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Bengal, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity. With the death of the Hashemite Caliph, the Queen becomes a widow and is open for marriage. Meanwhile, fightng continues in Burma. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 68.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000 and a major port and naval base was constructed at Mahmudpur, with 25% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights.
    • Khedivate of Punjab: The Capital of Punjab was Lahore and the population was 48.8 million. The Punjabi military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Punjabs exports as well. About the same time, the Punjabi rock-salt, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 38.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well. 
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Aceh, Mauritius, Tromelin and Reunion.
  • United Commonwealth of Germany: Pop: 66 million; Capital: Marystadt; Chancellor: DiRegenati, since 1901
  • Commonwealth Kingdoms of Hamburg, Hanover, Prussia, Kuba, Westphalia-Rhineland, and the non-incorporated Kingdom of New Rugia: New Mecklenburg, New Lüneburg, German West Africa, and Kameroon expand by 750 px each. Friedrich von Güstrow, after losing the Chancellory last year, is elected as Chancellor of Mecklenburg, his post prior to his election. Eager to show support for Oldenburg, Hanoverian legislators propose a bill to the German Diet in Marystadt, reading that any resident that receives arms and training, with the intent on using said arms and training against the government of a German state, or Germany as whole, is liable to have their lands and property confiscated. Annoyed with the Communists now seemingly desperate attempts to incite a Communist upswing in Prussia (and whose agents continue to be arrested and executed as spies) army units are deployed in Prussia near the border, and warships are stationed outside Danzig, all as a warning to stop.
  • Commonwealth States of Bavaria, Austria, Venezia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, and Bremen: The Augsburg Diet continues to operate, being able to pass universal female suffrage in 1896. In military news, Heinrik Paks allows his war ministers to arm the border of Bavaria and France, seeing as how war becomes more likely each passing day. In political news, Governor-General Felipe DiRegenati wins the 1900 elections, and resigns his position as Governor-General on December 1, 1900. Since his Vice-Governor Mikael Amherst-Verner was on the same ticket, there is some confusion on who the new Governor-General should be. Heinrik Paks, Bavarian foreign secretary, is appointed by the Augsburg Diet to serve as interim chancellor, until a new one can be voted in in 1902. Rudolph Fresk, Governor of Pomerania, becomes a frontrunner in the upcoming elections. In other news, Bavarian legilsators support the bill proposed by Hanoverians, stating that it will better crack down on insurgents and troublemakers. Army units are also deployed to Prussia in an effort to ward off Communist aggresors.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue to expand industry as a way to repair the economy after the end of the war. More and more people move to the city from the country in pursuit of jobs.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increae due to tensions rising in Europe. Factories mostly make weapons for our military. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continue increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We ask the Olympic committee if we can join the next Olympics.
  • People's Republic of Poland: After the fire in Warsaw, General Secretary Rajmund Sokoloff dies, at the age of 40. A grand funeral is held in the capital under his honour, but after that a new leader must take his place. Iwan Sitko, a higher up in the Polish Communist Party, is elected by the party as the new General Secretary of Poland. Iwan Sitko holds an election speech in the city of Warsaw, declaring that he will continue his predecessor's legacy. One of the new General Secretary's actions is the renaming of Warsaw to Ludzigród, People's City in English, as it was found in Sokoloff's will that he had wished to do this before he died. An official monument to Sokoloff is built in the centre of Ludzigród, commemorating his deeds in the name of Poland and Communism. After the monument, the official rebuilding of Ludzigród is started, based upon modern and rational city building philosophy. Meanwhile, HM Starek keeps the nation's security under check while the country is mourning. The Foreign Minister continues to funding of peaceful Communist organizations in Czechia, Silesia, Slovakia, Croatia, North Romania, Ruthenia, Pskov, and Prussia. He also continues funding of the Anti-Juror Action in Pskov.
  • Romania: In Moldavia and Dobruja, we begin agricultural industrialisation. We build more factories in our nation. More collectivisation occurs. Tractors begin to be used in farms. We export many agricultural goods to our Communist allies. We discover oil in Romania and export it to our allies.
    • Romanian Dip: We ask for technological support from Communist nations.
  • Borealia Flag 2Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Kinetiscopes become more popular. New Munich becomes the first city partially run on electrical power, and now light bulbs begin replacing gas lamps. As scientists explore mechanisms at smaller levels, it is theorized that all matter behaves like a particle and wave. Machine guns continue to improve with Andean supplies. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Submarines begin to be built for the purpose of breaking through northern ice caps. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. The General President is assassinated at the World's Fair by Aaron Tollen, a Mexacan-born insurgent. Tollen is arrested, tried, and sentenced to the electric chair. The Curia begins to consider declaring war on Mexaca.Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. Support continues to be given to the Republican rebels in China. San Francisco continues to improve earthquake-proofing technology. The Reformist church is founded in San Diego by the self-proclaimed prophet Ashkii Schmitt. His folowers begin meeting regularly to discuss their visions. Although Borealia doesn't have an official religion, the local Catholic priests begin warning their churches against such heresy.
    • The State of Australia: The ports continue to be expanded and the new city of Dandiri is built on the Pacific Coast. As more businesses are taken up by Muslim natives, the German colonists begin migrating to the new communities farther inland. Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. An irrigation program continues to be designed, with the hopes of aiding settlements in the outback. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry.
    • The Borealian Maritime Territory: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base in Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. A free economic and demilitarized zone is declared within the boundaries of the territory. The Curia begins to decide whether to grant the territory independence as the Commonwealth of Oceana.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: A slow stream of people seeking work and adventure continues to arrive at the African Territory. Houses continue to be built, but the vast majority of people working at the local mining business originate from local African villages.
    • Oldenburg: Sends its condolences to Borealia for the loss of its General President.
  • Andea: The Nation of Andea rapidly expands its industry, with a growing call for labour rights. The average yearly wage increases to 550 reals, and for the first time the government set a yearly minimum wage of 300 reals per year (for adults working full time jobs). The cost of living remains low, at roughly 1000 reals, with some areas having as low as 670 reals and as high as 8000 reals. City living becomes more popular, as more jobs emerge in the industrial sector of the economy. The cities of Chiribaya-Cuzco, Peru and Nazca all have populations Greater than one million. Cuzco Now has a population greater than two million. New Burgandy also grows to a population of 600,000. The military stands at 550,000 men, with service remaining compulsory. Population continues to grow steadily, with the population standing at 64.1 Million and rising steadly. The Telephone/Communications industry continues to grow under a few large monopolies. This industry trend is not unique to, but most notable in the Communications Industry. The Hesperia First Party continues to gain political steam, while the Nationals and Republicans lose more and more power. The Republican Party wins the presidency and the Upper House of the Senate. The Communist and Socalist parties also see significant gains, gaining one seat each. The Hesperia First party gains 18 seats, and the Nationals lose 33 seats. The Navy expands rapidly, with the inclusion of several new armored crusiers and battleships, as well as Greek fire and destroyers. The Army also expands, with the adoption of the Galvin 2, an improved version of the Galvin Repeater. A new rifle, the Grant-Ramon Rifle, is adopted into the Andean military. Census results, combined with government estimates, place the number Andeans (Quechua, Mapuche or Mestizo) at 63% of the nations population, with the next largest group being Spanish (13%), French (9%), German (6%), East Asian (5%), and other (4%). Census results find that the fastest growing ethnic group is East Asian. Andea continues work on the Canal project, dubbed the Emerald Canal. The nation, through Cape Ferdinand, invades the Zulu.
    • Protectorate of Cape Ferdinand: The Protectorate, now free of the Dutch, begins an expansion of its navy and military. An Andean garrison of 35,000 men is stationed in the territory, with an additional 5000 local troops. The territory remains a critical location for travel. Population stands at 105,000. An additional force of 50,000 men is stationed in the territory. Literacy improves in the Protectorate, with new governmant sponsared schools boosting education. the local industry develops, with additonal ship yards being constructed and ports expanded to solidify the nations postion in global trade.The nation, through Cape Ferdinand, invades the Zulu.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: With the insurgency in Newfoundland increasing (apparently) day by day, the Government declares it is willing to give yet further concessions to the Beothuk. In a landmark move, Duke Christian VII himself suggests the following solution: the Beothuk Autonomous Territory be extended to the entire Oldenburger holdings in Newfoundland, except for the main town (on the very tip of the peninsula), which will be incorporated into the Lordship of Neu Norderney. The BAT wil then be raised to the same level as Neu Norderney and "Greenland and the Atlantic Isles", with the same level of self-governance as in those two self-governing territories. The BAT would be able to send representatives to Oldenburg, their Territorial Council would be able to raise its own taxes and distribute them as it chose, and it could even maintain a Beothuk Brigade of Landswehr. This in addition to the current law providing Beothuk and other indigenous peoples in Neu Norderney the option of being tried under customary tribal law no matter where their crime takes place. Naturally, there is some annoyance from the Europeans who live in the proposed expansion of the BAT, but the government is far more concerned with avoiding conflict, and if that means making amends for centuries of ignoring the problem, then so be it. (I should point out, I'm pretty sure I sent missionaries all throughout my colonies, so I'm not sure if the "foreign gods" comment makes sense). Back in Oldenburg proper, there is concern amongst all sections of the population at the perennial poor showing of Oldenburger candidates in Chancellor elections. A political scientist comes up with a potential solution to the election problem: Neu Norderney could be raised to the status of full member-state of the Empire. Its current Lord, Conrad VIII (second cousin once removed of Duke Christian VII) is all for the proposal. Having an extra nation which would in all liklihood prefer the Oldenburger candidate to any other could, according to the political scientist, compensate for Oldenburg's population inadequacies. In other news, the OHG sets up a small, permanent whaling base on Svalbard.
    • Felipe DiRegenati: The newly elected Chancellor fully supports the further enfranchisement of Oldenburger politics. He definitely desires to make Neu Norderney a constituent state, and one that carries a meaningful vote. Furthermore, if it is to be a constitutional amendment, DiRegenati would like to know if Neu Norderney would be known as a Commonwealth Duchy or Commonwealth Lordship?
    • Oldenburg: Thrilled with the Chancellor's support, the parties concerned suggest Commonwealth Lordship, so as to retain Neu Norderney's distinct character.
  • Brazil: Hostilities die down in Mexaca after Brazilian soldiers successfully pacify the border region with Emeraldie. Ships continue to patrol the Imperial Sea however, ensuring that the situation is under control in the region, and funding in Mexaca comes to a close. Further upgrades of the navy and its facilities continue, with modern shipyards having been completed in São Sebastião, Santa Cruz, Vitória, Belém, São Salvador, Santa Catarina, Fortaleza, and São Luís. Having become increasingly dominated by the battleship and its four heavy armament of twelve inch calibre, a secondary armament of six to eighteen quick-firing guns of between 4.7 inches and 7.5 inches calibre, and other smaller weapons, the navy becomes largely centered around these large ships. Experiences from the war with the Dutch concludes that medium-calibre armaments, around six inches, and quick-firing at short range, has become the primary weapon of choice at sea, especially after the Brazilian raid on the Guianas coast, in which firing did not commence until ships were within 4,000 meters. This range was gradually closed to increase accuracy, and with a high rate of fire these ships were able to achieve major success during the war. In order to increase the time in which Brazilian ships engage in the future, future designs begin to employ torpedoes effective in increased distances. The next evolutionary step comes when the quick-firing secondary battery is replaced by additional heavy guns up to ten inches. Possible refurbishing of older battleships is considered to match our current ships to this standard. A second plan is created that proposes the addition of eight, twelve-inch guns in twin turrets, or alternatively twelve, ten-inch guns in twin turrets, mounted at the ends and wings of the ship. The design focus of future battleships is forever changed to implement these larger configurations, increasing both the striking power and range of each ship. Each future ship is to have a more uniform caliber as well, helping to streamline fire control. A naval committee begins working on a new design for these so called all-big-guns battleships, a revolutionary new take on the ship’s design. The committee’s design calls for a twelve-inch main battery with anti-torpedo-boat guns but no intermediate calibres, with considerations made to reach an overall speed of twenty-one knots. Despite difficulties positioning the ships’ guns, the final design has twelve, twelve-inch guns, along with twenty-two, twelve pounders as secondary armament. The Committee also calls for steam turbine propulsion, a move considered unprecedented in a large warship. The greater efficiency of the turbines meant the twenty-one knot design speed could be achieved in a smaller and cheaper ship than if reciprocating engines were to be used. This new ship is laid down later this year, and is called the Fortaleza. In order to maximize construction resources are set aside before hand, or even pre constructed, and ships are constructed in an alternating pattern so that no one ship takes too much time. The first Brazilian company Companhia Brasileira de Cartuchos creates the first Brazilian machine gun, based on popular designs in Europe, although lighter and with a simplified action. Parts of this new gun substitute heavy pieces for stronger high strength alloys, and a muzzle booster is also added. In the meantime the Campos Gerais and São Sebastião, along with their respective destroyers and auxiliary ships, are mobilized to the coast of Africa. The first Brazilian settlement in southern Africa, officially Zulu territory, is founded as Porto Natal on the eastern coast. This is largely to take advantage of the discovery of diamonds to the north, in an area believed to be held by African savages. Brazilian soldiers are mobilized to the region to ensure the protection of Brazilian mining interests, and the idea of a scheme to ensure additional labor for plantations and mines is crafted by Porto Natal’s first governor, who believes the Zulu can be easily subjugated. Governor José Luís Mena Barreto calls for additional reinforcements in the region, and begins planning a war to expand the city’s domain. Henry Bartle Frere, one of the head commanders of the armed forces in Brazil, is transferred to the colony along with a contingent of mobilized Brazilians to oversee the operation, and forces begin patrols into Zulu land. This provokes attacks from the natives, further incentivising the colony’s government to take full scale action. The Zulu by this time are found to be in large possession of Dutch and Scandinavian weaponry, with paramilitary actions being taken across the border into Andean territory and on the cape. This poses a real threat to the growing colony, and the need to disarm the Zulu becomes paramount to Brazilian influence in the region. Commander Manuel Marques de Sous is dispatched into Zulu territory to deliver an ultimatum to the natives, demanding they turn in their weapons and war making technology, and accept humiliating concessions and reparations. When this is quickly rejected, Manuel Marques de Sous marches his way back to the coast while burning the countryside in retreat. Cows particularly are captured or slaughtered, and the natives’ largely non-native crops are burned. Manuel Marques de Sous’ slow march however makes him an easy target, and when he returns to Porto Natal he has significantly less men then when he began the expedition. Spanish-African settlers in the region, known as Estancieros, are contracted to fight as skirmishers and guerrilla fighters, and their advanced knowledge of the surrounding area near the cape helps us to gain the advantage quickly. The cape and the rest of the coast is quickly controlled following a naval bombardment and landing, and the Zulu are pushed back into the interior. The Zulu are left to regroup, and are lured toward the Brazilian position near Porto Natal. A giant siege is launched by the Zulu, however the Brazilians are able to prepare a large defense, employing Cartuchos machine guns and artillery to cut down the enemy is large amounts. By the end of the Battle of Porto Natal the majority of the Zulu army is left dead, in addition to their king. The Zulu largely shatter, and we shift the focus to Estancieros and other light units to chase down guerrilla fighters. With military personnel having firmly secured Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands, construction begins on a military base at Guam, and local governments are established to rule over the territories. Settlement of the Amazonas continues, spearheaded by the efforts of Cândido Rondon and the Seringueiros.
  • Morocco: The Sultanate of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up its military, mainly the army and navy. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and the population continues to grow by adding 400,000 people every year, as Moroccan government wanted to grow up faster as a stronger nation at Moroccan Population Growth Act 1893. The population of Morocco now stands at 11 million people, while the number of military troops stands at 96,000 soldiers. Number of ships active in Moroccan Navy stands at 40 ironclad ships and 14 frigates. A new colonization act is again signed bu Sultan Abdelaziz, expanding the nation faster by 10,000 px per year, very faster then Spanish Africa, as well with a few new cities are built, roads and railroads are built between old and new cities. Fewer schools, museums, colleges and more houses, hospitals, power plants and mining plants are built. The mining plants produces materials coal, iron and now gold and copper, which later used as products from industries. Industry continues improving and few factories are built along in cities, creating jobs for people of Morocco. A few docks and mosques are built. Artillery become more widely used in combat and some industries continues building a series of wartime artillery, which later added it to Moroccan Armed Forces. Meanwhile, few new trains are produced and one new railway line are opened in service. Sultan Abdelaziz continues to plan new reforms for Morocco and continues investing heavily in technology and science. Morocco continue improving relations with Roman Empire, Spain and France to seek friendly alliances in future. Morocco asks to buy Williamsburg from United Commonwealth of Germany for xxx falus.
  • Peoples Republic of China: With the last prepartations for the breakup of China complete, China is broken up and the PRC takes control of Sichuan. Conflicts immediately break out, though the PRC remains neutral, for now. However, despite our neutrality, we begin to build up our military. We also, following the Sino-Japanese war, have an intense hatred for Japan and are on the lookout for any signs of Japanese weakness. We also ask to be allied with all Communist nations, in order to secure allies for our planned reconquest of China.
    • Imperial Japanese Diplomacy: We would like to remind the PRC that they are destroying their economy by resenting Japan and not trading with us as well as violating the Treaty of Beijing which guarantees economic cooperation between the Chinese states and Imperial Japan. We plead to the PRC to highly reconsider, stating that trading with Japan will ensure economic recovery in the PRC after their long and brutal Civil War and First Sino-Japanese War. In addition, we would like to remind the PRC that trade with the Communist nations is impossible, for Sichuan is surrounded by Chinese province states We also cite the failure of the PRC of maintaining order in Sichuan, and Japan guarantees political security in the region as well if the PRC is willing to cooperate. Failure to cooperate with Imperial Japan and trade with us shall result in trade embargoes, or worse.
  • In the Grand Union (Pskov), the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes wealthier and wealthier as more people get used to over one hundred years of Pskovian governance. The Uzvards-Glinka Firearms Co. releases a new more effective machine gun design, named the GUA-101. The Government begins replacing old GUA-91s with the newer 101 model. Many more Einzbern model-93s are produced for the armed forces in industrial plants. More electric power stations are built as cities are electrified. More Model-96 rifles are built for sniper units, as designers think on how to improve the semi-automatic model-93 design. The Conservatives set up another "International Slavic Congress", and invites representatives from all slavic nations to join a celebration of traditions that unite all slavs in Pskov. The Grand Union looks to the east with despair. The Grand Union sends agents into Russia for the smuggling of human refugees fleeing the "red terror", and for funding militant organizations in Poland secretly (oi, Will, you do it to me first). Fortifications are built along the demilitarized zone, and some schools begin to "black out" captured areas on maps, calling them the "occupied territories". The border with Russia and Poland are strengthened along the demilitarized zone, which is quickly becoming, quite ironically, one of the most militarized zones in the world (due to lots of "you put one unit, I put two" mentality on both sides) Anoter 100,000 troops are stationed there in response to Polish aggression, with the new breach-loading artillery. The Jacobeit Airship Co. continues to construct new and improved airship models. Leibnitz and AVA continue their rivalry, while the motorcycle becomes a bit more popular. Kandinsky builds his third and fourth prototypes this year, the Avia-3 and Avia-4 biplanes, each faster and able to stay in the air for longer than the last. His recent success secures him more funding, as this visionary continues his research. More stations are added to the Pskov Metro, and its success makes people think that underground railways would be good ideas in other cities, say like Vilnus, or Minsk. The first wireless transmission of the human voice occurs between the Pskov and Nizhegorodsk universities. the architect of technology, Estonian Mark Kuusk, is awarded the medal for scientific advancement by the Supreme Prince. Many people begin discussing the implications of such wireless communications beyond simple wireless telegraphy. He names the waves used "Radio" waves, and leads the way for wireless communications to come. Colonies expand their maximum (something like 60,000 sq km at this point). the Grand Union Sends diplomats to Constantinople (Roman Empire) in order to propose a mutual defence alliance. Multiple failed attempts by Poland to incite Communist revolts are quashed, and the perpetrators of attempted terror acts are convicted as foreign agents and sentanced to hard labour. Many consider bringing back capital punishment so that so many spies in the colonies do not attempt to orchestrate prison revolts. The Anti-Juror Action group is officialy classified as a foreign paramilitary unit and terrorist organization, and any membership of it is punishable by prison.
  • Emeraldie: New construction starts on the nation's ports, farms and mines to increase the nation's exports and economic strength. The land forces is reorganised to include 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies, the transnational railway is completed. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. Work begin on construction of the Panama Canal and vast expansion of oil production begins after the government provides subsidies to entrepreneurs. In other news in a welcome election reform, all native Emeraldians and Afro-Emeraldian men (among other smaller non-white minorities) are given the ability to vote.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: A legislative parliament is created to take care of local issues. The South Pacific station is expanded with new modern ships. The territory government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 2700 men.
  • Regency Republic of Britannia: The talks between the parliament and Devon Goddard are met with little success other than an agreement to tone down rhetoric from both sides due to the current political climate of Europe. This, however, has not prevented Goddard from releasing a revolutionary pamphlet advocating for Syndicalism called The Syndicalist Pamphlet which advocates for an extreme version of Syndicalism that borders on anarchy. Due to current working conditions, wage payments, and inflation, this pamphlet has little trouble getting popular with the masses, but due to agreements to tone down rhetoric, there is currently no active leader to condense these feelings of the common folk. Industry does begin to pick up, however, despite the inflation, with hopes that the increase in common goods will allow prices to fall. The Royal Officers Corp has recovered mostly with increased recruitment and graduates, allowing for perhaps a competant army now on its own. With the increase of the size of the Royal Officers Corp and the now the size of the overall military, extra emphasis is being put on increasing the supplies in such things as guns, ammunition and uniforms.
    • Britannic Desircit: The colony begins its inland expasion again as supplies become more regulated as stability increases. With the increase of supplies and stability, industry begins to redevelop on the largest coastal cities, mainly focused on refining goods from other Britannic colonies. 
    • New Guerney: Sugar and coffee plantations are still the most popular for this colony, and continue to be a source of revenue. Though it lacks much heavy industry, it more than makes up for it in excessive shipments of raw goods. 
    • Britannic Afrika: Army/Econ turn.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire is now at a period of peace and prosperity after a long period of war and uncertainty. Roman trade routes stretch across most of the world in the pursuit of wealth and trade goods and Roman military might remains a powerful force in Europe and other parts of the world. The Roman central government does what it can to address all of the issues of the various archonates within the Empire and ensure that their needs are met even as they help instill strength in the central government. Railroads are constructed around the nation to help connect the Empire and its peoples and steamships are used for much the same purpose on water. To further strengthen its position in Africa, the Roman government begins to make official claims in the Saharan desert north of Egypt's southern border. However, some in the Empire scoff at this, suggesting that the Empire is wasting its time claiming barren land and should focus on more resourceful areas of Africa, Asia or Europe. As European interest in Africa begins to heat up, Roman officials begin exploring possible resources or benefits from extended interaction with Madagascar, and trade and diplomats are directed there to assess the situation. Trade also expands with Hawaii, which becomes an impressive conduit of trade for Roman merchants and businesses. As such, the Empire takes an interest in Hawaii, but rather than try to annex it, as it is too far from Roman authority to do so, Roman officials instead would like to see a strong and friendly Hawaii. Weapons and officers are sent to Hawaii to help train their soldiers and protect their independence. The Roman Empire responds to the increased activity of Communist insurgency in other nations in Europe by adopting a more aggressive stance. Troops are sent to Gothia and Ruthenia to protect against potential Communist aggression from the north, and the Roman Empire begins making overtures towards Croatia, Transylvania and Vlachia to prepare their defences. The Roman Empire also deploys more troops to Italy to present a clear vanguard against potential aggression from Communist France or Lombardy, which is seen as soon falling to Communists while the Roman Empire is forbidden by treaty to intervene. The Roman Empire is concerned with the fall of the Tartary to the Communist hordes, and is particularly concerned that the Caliphate has aligned itself towards the hordes. Fears of being surrounded soon start to build up in the Roman government, and as a result the Roman government does what it can to help shore up its defenses both physical and diplomatic. The Roman Empire expands trade, industry and military training to members of the Holy League, hoping to create and re-inforce a stable and strong military alliance in the Empire's sphere of influence. The Roman Empire is forced to take drastic measures in recent years, as the expansion of Communism is considered unacceptable. Roman officials draft and generally pass Plan East, which calls for strengthening the Roman Empire's allies in the Holy League so they can protect the Roman Empire's flank while the Roman Empire concentrates on a potential eastern front. Military officers and engineers travel to Armenia, Georgia, Assyria, and Transylvania to train and improve those countries in all matters martial and industrial. The same goes for the Caliphate, hoping that the Caliphate would provide the crucial link in the chain for eastern defense. To further update the Empire's strength, the Roman Empire militarizes, and the Senate mandates that the Roman military be at a total size of 850,000 in peacetime and that a million man army must be able to be mobilized within a few weeks. Threats of Communism in Lombardy are too large to be ignored, so Roman forces militarize in Italy and pledge that no former treaty will hold Roman forces back if Lombardy becomes a clear threat. Remnants of the Vlachian government flee to the Roman Empire or Transylvania and call for intervention in Vlachia. Roman and Vlachian forces move in, securing the southern part of the country and stopping at the Wallachian-Moldavian border, as per the compromise between the Communists and Monarchists. Support for the true Vlachian government rises, and the Roman Empire provides the southern government the resources it needs to get itself back on its feet. To help stabilize its northern border, train cars full of weapons and ammo are sent to Croatia, hopefully to bolster that front. Parades take place in Constantinople and other cities celebrating Armenia's entry into the Empire. The region soon undergoes reformation and new borders, as Armenia is united with Cilicia to form greater Armenia, while some of the south is constituted as a new region of Kurdistan.
    • Tatar Empire: The fall of the Tartary is a huge surprise, and many officials fled to Roman lands. However, the Roman Empire was able to set up a puppet government claiming legitimacy from the remnants of the Tartary. The Tatar royal family is installed as the leaders of this puppet state, with much of the government based on that of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire does what it can to industrialize and modernize the puppet state, which effectively only controls the Black Sea coast. Effort is put entirely into the army, as there is no power that can challenge the might of the Roman navy in the Black Sea. Demoralized remnants of the Tartar Army along with volunteers are trained by Roman officers to help get the state back on its feet. 
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Reme continues its current expansion into the native dark-grey clusterfuck, expanding another 150 pixels into it. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nation wide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The Franqi brothers begin experimenting with the idea of heavier-than-air flight, but the task is daunting and will take some time to perfect a flying device. They manage to create a working model which flies for several seconds. However, it isn't impressive enough and they continue their work.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started to be worked on.
  • In Silesia, the massive fire in the Polish city of Warsaw prompts Voivode Patryk Waldau to begin a covert operation to smuggle Polish anti-Communists out of the enemy nation and into Silesia. These anti-Communists are then forced to lay low to maintain the secrecy of the project, but they conduct significant operations to subvert the Communists within Silesia. Meanwhile, APFK continues producing automobiles and electricity continues to spread to the mines and factories that propel the economy forward. Economic and infrastructural turn.
  • Spain: The nation continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the burgeoning growth of the economy, new jobs created in the five major cities led to more people moving to the cities. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica and continues to push for the completion of the Trans-European rail link from Zaragoza to Paris to Marystadt so that the eastern part (Poland-Rome/Pskov) and the western part (Lisbon-Zaragoza). The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Aragon takes all the people from Edgistan. Boats and guns. Spain begins to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready battleships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. Prince Bruno takes to the streets of Madrid at night and fights crime at night. In honor of Balthasar the Batman, he dresses up as a bat at well. The Spanish government condemns the Communists. Spain continues to seek out dissenters in Communist France to weaken the French government's strength. Spain proposes the formation of an anti-Communist league. Spain also seeks the return of Gibraltar and Ceuta from Croatia. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 px north. Spanish West Africa continues the war on the two local West African nations. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria: Expands 5000 sq km south as part of the nationalistic campaign to become a great nation on the African continent. Military technology is brought in from Spain, as well as other things. The economic crisis continues. The Moulin government is attacked by members of its own party for failing to resolve the needs of the people. A Berber group seeks more recognition for their people in the government and form the Party for Berber Advancement.
    • Singapore: Singapore also begins to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore also greatly benefits from the newly re-invigorated trade in the region. Singapore builds new infrastructure with its wealth and the General-Secretary's five-year growth plan continues. Singapore is generating wealth and its economy remains in a good state as Singapore begins to return to promise as a great economic hub of the east.
  • Algonquia continues to watch the insurgency in Kolossland with bated breath, while offering general support. Nobawsit almost loses control of his movement after the generous Oldenburger offer to resolve the crisis, with many of the insurgents deciding that their goals have been achieved and preparing to return to Neu Juist. However, this sentiment is destroyed by the new German law that would dispossess any insurgents of their property, which leads the conciliatory group to abandon their stance and rejoin the fight. Many Beothuk with relatives in the insurgency, now subject to property confiscations, join the Beothuk Nationalist Front. Its leaders, encouraged by the frustrated High Sachem, do agree to accept the Oldenburger deal if a general amnesty is added. In other news, Algonquia is pleased by the great success at the Olympics, and hockey teams begin to look into forming a general league to compete among themselves.
    • Sahtudene expands the max amount,as does Kitlineq.
    • Lukaian continues to industrialize, while Cree and French become more popular.
  • Andea: The Nation of Andea rapidly expands its industry, with a growing call for labour rights. The average yearly wage increases to 550 reals, and for the first time the government set a yearly minum wage of 300 reals per year (for adults working full time jobs). The cost of living remains low, at roughly 1000 reals, with some areas having as low as 670 reals and as high as 8000 reals. City living becomes more popular, as more jobs emerge in the industrial sector of the economy. The cities of Chiribaya-Cuzco, Peru and Nazca all have populations Greater than one million. Cuzco now has a population greater than two million. New Burgandy also grows to a population of 600,000. The military stands at 550,000 men, with service remaining compulsory. Population continues to grow steadily, with the population standing at 63.7 Million and rising steadly. The telephone/communications industry continues to grow under a few large monopolies. This industry trend is not unique to, but most notable in the communications industry. The Hesperia First Party continues to gain political steam, while the Nationals and Republicans lose more and more power. The Republican Party wins the presidency and the Upper House of the Senate. The Communist and Socalist parties also see significant gains, gaining one seat each. The Hesperia First party gains 18 seats, and the Nationals lose 33 seats. The Navy expands rapidly, with the introduction of Armored Cruisers and Greek fire. The Army also expands, with the adoption of the Galvin 2, an improved version of the Galvin Repeater. A new rifle, the Grant-Ramon Rifle, is adopted into the Andean military. Census results, combined with government estimates, place the number Andeans (Quechua, Mapuche or Mestizo) at 63% of the nations population, with the next largest group being Spanish (13%), French (9%), German (6%), East Asian (5%), and other (4%). Census results find that the fastest growing ethnic group is East Asian. Andea begins work on the Canal project, dubbed the Emerald Canal. By the end of this year the war ends in South Africa.
    • Protectorate of Cape Ferdinand: The Protectorate, now free of the Dutch, begins an expansion of its navy and military. An Andean garrison of 35,000 men is stationed in the territory, with an additional 5000 local troops. The territory remains a critical location for travel. Population stands at 105,000. An additional force of 50,000 men is stationed in the territory.
  • Imperial Japan: Our condolensces go out to the dead Caliph. As the new century dawns, so does the new Empire of Japan with the implementation of the treaty of Beijing Japan. When Emperor Raijingusan was born the empire was a collection of Japan proper and a couple of ports, but now Japan is a shining empire in the Pacific, and is now considered a superpower in terms of vast greatness in not only territory, but also infrastructure, art, science, engineering literature, and education. The Emperor’s dream for Japan is fufilled, and as a result of the new century and new Japanese Empire there is a surge of nationalism. On the topic of literature, the book on the First-Sino Japanese War is published as well as the book “On the History of Japanese War history” and “On the History of Imperial Japan” is published. Emperor Rajiangstan himself attended New Munich, and noted “This city is a spectacular city, with lights gleaming over the fresh lakes, twinkling in the twilight, with the telephone that connects two voices from a far, and the kaleidoscope that has me see a beautiful rainbow of colors, indeed New Munich is a beacon upon a hill, and I hope Japan adopts the Borelian model of modernization.” The Emperor also returns to Tokyo, signs the Treaty of the Hague and the Treaty of Beijing, only to die, ushering an era of peace. “I was born, destined for something great, and something great I became, for I have made Japan the pinnacle of hope and light, sharing the greatness of the rising sun, to all four corners of the world. I may die today, but the Empire of Japan shall be eternal.” There is a massive memorial service held in Emperor Rajiangstan’s honor, and his first son, Emperor Heiwa to Han'ei, succeeds him, and begins to adopt the Borealian model of industrialization, trying to make Tokyo like New Munich.
    • Empire of Northern China: With the Signing of the Treaty of Beijing Manchuria and Northern China are merged, establishing the Empire of Northern China, with Emperor Wu, Emperor Rajiangstan’s second son, as Emperor. Major reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes, factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. Mining operations also continue. the Empire is also noted as one of the most diverse places in the Japanese Empire. We invest in developing the cities of Beijing and Tianjin. Emperor Waizu marries into the the Qing Dynasty, restoring the dynasty of the Manchu Empire of old.
    • Japanese Formosa: We invest in Formosa by implementing a massive railroad construction program as well as port construction to further the transportation of Formosa. We implement a program of both industry and agriculture in Formosa, with the industry being for Japan and the agriculture being for Formosa. We also make massive public education reform in Formosa. Industry also speeds up as a result of the wartime economy. Econ/mil turn. Industry is dedicated to the war.
    • Japanese Shanghai: We industrialize Shanghai and upgrade its port and infrastructure, including education. We have Shanghai specialize in shipbuilding and trading, making it a hub for trade in East Asia. We rapidly increase port building to make this city a hub for trade.
    • Northern Philippines: We welcome the former French Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war
    • Southern Philippines: We welcome the former Hamburgian Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war.
    • Japanese Siberia: We welcome the former Tartary territory into our empire and we begin an extensive program to rebuild the area after the war by expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, and factories. We also expan the economy of the area. Industry is dedicated to the war.
    • Jiangsu: Major rebuilding reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. We also construct a major irrigation system of Jiangsu and farm crops such as rice and wheat and make industry based on textiles and food and develop Shanghai and Nanking as important major cities. 
    • Guangdong: We begin developing the infrastructure of Guangdong by implementing major reform, and we build railroads, factories, schools, hospitals, homes, ports, and cities. In order to fuel this, we focus on developing the ports in the Pearl Delta River region making them a hub for trade in the Pacific. We open the Pearl River Delta to other nations in the Pacific and are willing to make a trade deal with them. 

1902

The volcano on OTL Saint Vincent erupts, killing thousands of people. 

Another volcano, this time in OTL Martinique, also erupts, killing tens of thousands of people. 

A large earthquake rocks southern Mexaca, killing several thousand people. 

  • Commonwealth Kingdoms of Hamburg, Hanover, Prussia, Westphalia, Rhineland, Kuba, and the non-incorporated Kingdom of New Rugia: New Mecklenburg, New Lüneburg, German West Africa, and Kameroon expand 750 px each. A new class of battleship is laid down in the Lübeck yards, though security is unusually tight and fewer details have been released of it, compared to previous classes, and some expect it could be something revolutionary. A letter is sent to Duke Christian of Oldenburg, apologizing for unintended consequences from the Insurgent Land Confiscation bill, but stating that it could still be enforced on the most stubborn.
  • Indian Empire: Queen Nur Jehan was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 331,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Bengal, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity. Victory is achieved in Burma, and the state is integrated into 'mainland Bengal' . [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 68.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000 and a major port and naval base was constructed at Mahmudpur, with 25% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights.
    • Khedivate of Punjab: The Capital of Punjab was Lahore and the population was 48.8 million. The Punjabi military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Punjabs exports as well. About the same time, the Punjabi rock-salt, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 38.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well. 
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Aceh, Mauritius, Tromelin and Reunion.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science.
  • Mexaca continues to recover from the civil war, and begins building industrial factories across the nation. Development begins in the north, with railways and roads bringing built in several of the states. As the nation is highly industrial, it is swiftly becoming stronger, and may well return to pre-war strength.
  • Romania: In Moldavia and Dobruja, we begin agricultural industrialisation. We build more factories in our nation. More collectivisation occurs. Tractors begin to be used in farms. We export many agricultural goods to our Communist allies. We discover oil in Romania and export it to our allies.
    • Romanian Dip: We ask for technological support from Communist nations.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue to expand industry as a way to repair the economy after the end of the war. More and more people move to the city from the country in pursuit of jobs.
  • Commonwealth States of Bavaria, Austria, Venezia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Saxony, Swabia, and Bremen: The Augsburg Diet continues to operate, being able to pass universal female suffrage in 1896. In military news, Heinrik Paks allows his war ministers to arm the border of Bavaria and France, seeing as how war becomes more likely each passing day. In political news, Governor-General Felipe DiRegenati wins the 1900 elections, and resigns his position as Governor-General on December 1, 1900. Since his Vice-Governor Mikael Amherst-Verner was on the same ticket, there is some confusion about who the new Governor-General should be. Heinrik Paks, Bavarian foreign secretary, is appointed by the Augsburg Diet to serve as interim chancellor, until a new one can be voted in in 1902. Rudolph Fresk, Governor of Pomerania, becomes a frontrunner in the upcoming elections. In other news, Vice-Chancellor Mikael Amherst-Verner suffers a heart attack in 1902. He survives, but decides to resign his post. Now, without a Vice-Chancellor, Felipe DiRegenati wonders on who to appoint as his next VC. In Bavarian news, Fresk wins the election for Governor-General.
    • The Count of Upper Mecklenburg: Writes DiRegenati that Friedrich von Güstrow would be interested in the VC position.
    • Felipe DiRegenati: Is thrilled that Gustrow would like to be VC. He writes that it is an important moment for German politics, pointing to its flexibility and inclusiveness, when a former Chancellor becomes Vice-Chancellor, and not the other way around.
  • Borealia Flag 2Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Kinetiscopes become more popular. New Munich becomes the first city partially run on electrical power, and now light bulbs begin replacing gas lamps. As scientists explore mechanisms at smaller levels, it is theorized that all matter behaves like a particle and wave. Machine guns continue to improve with Andean supplies. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Submarines begin to be built for the purpose of breaking through northern ice caps. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. Support continues to be given to the Republican rebels in China. San Francisco continues to improve earthquake-proofing technology. Facing opposition from local priests, the Reformist Church relocates to the Sunset district of San Francisco, where they are more tolerated. They continue meeting regularly to discuss their visions.
    • The State of Australia: The ports continue to be expanded and the new city of Dandiri is built on the Pacific Coast. As more businesses are taken up by Muslim natives, the German colonists begin migrating to the new communities farther inland. Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. An irrigation program continues to be designed, with the hopes of aiding settlements in the outback. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry.
    • The Borealian Maritime Territory: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base in Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. The Curia decides to make the territory an independent commonwealth state, with an separate military and economy but political obligations to the Curia. Many people see this as another step forward to fulfilling the Marmtilliq Declaration.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: A slow stream of people seeking work and adventure continues to arrive at the African Territory. Houses continue to be built, but the vast majority of people working at the local mining business originate from local African villages.
  • People's Republic of Poland: General Secretary Sitko holds a speech in the newly rebuilt city of Ludzigród, celebrating the finish of the rebuilding of Ludzigród. He officially promises to continue Sokoloff's legacy. The new General Secretary starts public funding Polski Tajnej Policji, or Polish Secret Police in English. The PTP are tasked with tracking down and dealing with enemies of the state and political dissidents. This starts an era of political censorship in the country. Modern factories continue to be built throughout the nation. HM Starek reacts to the increase of Pskovite troops on the border with an increase of fortifications being built on the border. Meanwhile, Foreign Minister Dubanowski continues funding of peaceful Communist organizations in Czechia, Silesia, Slovakia, Croatia, North Romania, Ruthenia, Pskov, and Prussia.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: The Oldenburger Landtag issues a rebuke to the Hanoverian and Bavarian MPs who passed the land confiscation bill last year. Their action, whilst no doubt well-intended, very nearly destroyed all the delicate negotiations of the past few years with the Beothuk. Duke Christian VII personally grants an amnesty to all members of the Beothuk National Front who agree to lay down their weapons and join the Beothuk Autonomous Territory. Elections will be held next year for the BAT's representatives in the Oldenburger Landtag. In other news, Neu Norderney is granted independence as a fully-fledged member of the United German Commonwealths. Even though the raise in rank is effectively to improve Oldenburg's chance of winning a Chancellor election, many in the former colony are quite pleased with their new level of autonomy. Military is improved.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: Whilst there is general happiness at the new level of autonomy, Lord Conrad VIII, second cousin once removed to Duke Christian VII, best sums up the mood of his countrymen: "We will always feel a special bond of closeness to Oldenburg, our mother, who nurtured us for four centuries from the cradle to today, the day we receive our adulthood." The practical aspects of the change in status, such as creating a separate Neu Norderney military, will take a few years.
    • The Union of Borealia: Congratulates Neu Norderney on their independence and offers any logistical assistance they may require.
    • Lord Conrad VIII thanks Borealia for its kind offer (It's independent within the UGC, like Oldenburg, so it's not a fully sovereign state. Just wanted to make that clear :) Callumthered (talk) 20:53, June 18, 2015 (UTC))
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to tensions rising in Europe. Factories mostly make weapons for our military. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continue increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions.
  • Morocco: The Sultanate of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up its military, mainly the army and navy. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and the population continues to grow by adding 400,000 people every year. The population of Morocco now stands at 11.4 million people, while the number of military troops stands at 100,000 soldiers. Number of ships active in Moroccan Navy stands at 40 ironclad ships, 14 frigates, two cruisers and two destroyers. The nation expands by 10,000 px per year to keep it stronger and independent, with a few new cities being built. Roads and railroads are built between old and new cities. Fewer schools, museums, colleges and more houses, hospitals, power plants and mining plants are built. The mining plants produces materials coal, iron and now gold and copper, which later used as products from industries. Industry continues improving and few factories are built along in cities, creating jobs for people of Morocco. The telephone/communications and mosaics industries continue to grow under a few large monopolies. A few docks and mosques are built. The Moroccan Navy continues building a series of armored destroyers, cruisers and cargo ships which destroyers later added to Moroccan Navy and cargo ships are for trade and for future tensions. Trade with various major European powers decides economic boom of Morocco and Morocco's largest exports are mosaics and largest imports are mostly food. Artillery becomes more widely used in combat and some industries continues building a series of wartime artillery, which later added it to Moroccan Armed Forces. Meanwhile, few new trains are produced and one new railway line is opened in service. Sultan Abdelaziz continues to plan new reforms for Morocco and continues investing heavily in technology and science. Morocco continue improving relations with Roman Empire, Spain and France to seek friendly alliances in future. From now on, Morocco requests Roman Empire an alliance. After Falus was used in 300 years, Rial has replaced Falus as Morocco's new standard currency and adopted a modern style coinage as of Moroccan Currency Change Act of 1902
    • ​The Queen of the Indian Empire, Empress Farah Shah visits Morocco to secure trade and develop relations. 
  • Regency Republic of Britannia: The talks between the parliament and Devon Goddard are met with little success other than an agreement to tone down rhetoric from both sides due to the current political climate of Europe. This, however, has not prevented Goddard from releasing a revolutionary pamphlet advocating for Syndicalism called The Syndicalist Pamphlet which advocates for an extreme version of Syndicalism that borders on anarchy. Due to current working conditions, wage payments, and inflation, this pamphlet has little trouble getting popular with the masses, but due to agreements to tone down rhetoric, there is currently no active leader to condense these feelings of the common folk. Industry does begin to pick up, however, despite the inflation, with hopes that the increase in common goods will allow prices to fall. The Royal Officers Corp has recovered mostly with increased recruitment and graduates, allowing for perhaps a competant army now on its own. With the increase of the size of the Royal Officers Corp and now the size of the overall military, extra emphasis is being put on increasing the supplies in such things as guns, ammunition and uniforms.
    • Britannic Desircit: The colony begins its inland expasion again as supplies become more regulated as stability increases. With the increase of supplies and stability, industry begins to redevelop on the largest coastal cities, mainly focused on refining goods from other Britannic colonies. 
    • New Guerney: Sugar and coffee plantations are still the most popular for this colony, and continue to be a source of revenue. Though it lacks much heavy industry, it more than makes up for it in excessive shipments of raw goods. 
    • Britannic Afrika: Army/Econ turn.
    • Spain wonders if it could buy a part of Britannic Afrika closest to Spanish West Africa.
  • Emeraldie: New construction starts on the nation's ports, farms and mines to increase the nation's exports and economic strength. The land forces is reorganised to include 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces occur. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies, the transnational railway is completed. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. Work continues on construction of the Emerald Canal and vast expansion of oil production begins after the government provides subsidies to entrepreneurs.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: A legislative parliament is created to take care of local issues. The South Pacific station is expanded with new modern ships. The territory government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 3200 men.
  • Mexaca begins recovery efforts after the earthquake. Civil strife begins anew, but the army can handle it. We request aid from our allies, and the industrial output in the north begins.
    • The Union of Borealia sends logistical aid to Mexaca to help recover from their earthquake.  
  • Roman Empire: The Empire is now at a period of peace and prosperity after a long period of war and uncertainty. Roman trade routes stretch across most of the world in the pursuit of wealth and trade goods and Roman military might remains a powerful force in Europe and other parts of the world. The Roman central government does what it can to address all of the issues of the various archonates within the Empire and ensure that their needs are met even as they help instill strength in the central government. Railroads are constructed around the nation to help connect the Empire and its peoples and steamships are used for much the same purpose on water. To further strengthen its position in Africa, the Roman government begins to make official claims in the Saharan desert north of Egypt's southern border. However, some in the Empire scoff at this, suggesting that the Empire is wasting its time claiming barren land and should focus on more resourceful areas of Africa, Asia or Europe. As European interest in Africa begins to heat up, Roman officials begin exploring possible resources or benefits from extended interaction with Madagascar, and trade and diplomats are directed there to assess the situation. Trade also expands with Hawaii, which becomes an impressive conduit of trade for Roman merchants and businesses. As such, the Empire takes an interest in Hawaii, but rather than try to annex it, as it is too far from Roman authority to do so, Roman officials instead would like to see a strong and friendly Hawaii. Weapons and officers are sent to Hawaii to help train their soldiers and protect their independence. The Roman Empire responds to the increased activity of Communist insurgency in other nations in Europe by adopting a more aggressive stance. Troops are sent to Gothia and Ruthenia to protect against potential Communist aggression from the north, and the Roman Empire begins making overtures towards Croatia, Transylvania and Vlachia to prepare their defences. The Roman Empire also deploys more troops to Italy to present a clear vanguard against potential aggression from Communist France or Lombardy, which is seen as soon falling to Communists while the Roman Empire is forbidden by treaty to intervene. The Roman Empire is concerned with the fall of the Tartary to the Communist hordes, and is particularly concerned that the Caliphate has aligned itself towards the hordes. Fears of being surrounded soon start to build up in the Roman government, and as a result the Roman government does what it can to help shore up its defenses both physical and diplomatic. The Roman Empire expands trade, industry and military training to members of the Holy League, hoping to create and re-inforce a stable and strong military alliance in the Empire's sphere of influence. The Roman Empire is forced to take drastic measures in recent years, as the expansion of Communism is considered unacceptable. Roman officials draft and generally pass Plan East, which calls for strengthening the Roman Empire's allies in the Holy League so they can protect the Roman Empire's flank while the Roman Empire concentrates on a potential eastern front. Military officers and engineers travel to Armenia, Georgia, Assyria, and Transylvania to train and improve those countries in all matters martial and industrial. The same goes for the Caliphate, hoping that the Caliphate would provide the crucial link in the chain for eastern defense. To further update the Empire's strength, the Roman Empire militarizes, and the Senate mandates that the Roman military be at a total size of 850,000 in peacetime and that a million man army must be able to be mobilized within a few weeks. Threats of Communism in Lombardy are too large to be ignored, so Roman forces militarize in Italy and pledge that no former treaty will hold Roman forces back if Lombardy becomes a clear threat. Remnants of the Vlachian government flee to the Roman Empire or Transylvania and call for intervention in Vlachia. Roman and Vlachian forces move in, securing the southern part of the country and stopping at the Wallachian-Moldavian border, as per the compromise between the Communists and Monarchists. Support for the true Vlachian government rises, and the Roman Empire provides the southern government the resources it needs to get itself back on its feet. To help stabilize its northern border, train cars full of weapons and ammo are sent to Croatia, hopefully to bolster that front. Parades take place in Constantinople and other cities celebrating Armenia's entry into the Empire. The region soon undergoes reformation and new borders, as Armenia is united with Cilicia to form greater Armenia, while some of the south is constituted as a new region of Kurdistan.
    • Tatar Empire: The fall of the Tartary is a huge surprise, and many officials fled to Roman lands. However, the Roman Empire was able to set up a puppet government claiming legitimacy from the remnants of the Tartary. The Tatar royal family is installed as the leaders of this puppet state, with much of the government based on that of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire does what it can to industrialize and modernize the puppet state, which effectively only controls the Black Sea coast. Effort is put entirely into the army, as there is no power that can challenge the might of the Roman navy in the Black Sea. Demoralized remnants of the Tartar Army along with volunteers are trained by Roman officers to help get the state back on its feet. 
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nation wide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The Franqi brothers begin experimenting with the idea of heavier-than-air flight, but the task is daunting and will take some time to perfect a flying device. They manage to create a working model which flies for several seconds. However, it isn't impressive enough and they continue their work.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started to be worked on.
  • Spain continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the burgeoning growth of the economy, new jobs created in the five major cities led to more people moving to the cities. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica and continues to push for the completion of the Trans-European rail link from Zaragoza to Paris to Marystadt so that the eastern part (Poland-Rome/Pskov) and the western part (Lisbon-Zaragoza). The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Aragon takes all the people from Edgistan. Boats and guns. Spain continues to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready battleships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. Prince Bruno continues his work as the Batman. With the aid of his cousin the Princess Diana, he takes down one of the organized crime groups in Madrid. Also, a German immigrant journalist and strongman begins fighting crime in Zaragoza, inspired by tales of the Batman. He mostly fights petty crimes and thefts. The Spanish government condemns the Communists. Spain continues to seek out dissenters in Communist France to weaken the French government's strength. Spain proposes the formation of an anti-Communist league. Spain also seeks the return of Gibraltar and Ceuta from Croatia. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 px north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 px. Spanish West Africa restarts the war on the two local West African nations. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria expands 5000 sq km south as part of the nationalistic campaign to become a great nation on the African continent. Military technology is brought in from Spain, as well as other things. The economic crisis continues. The Moulin government is attacked by members of its own party for failing to resolve the needs of the people. A Berber group seeks more recognition for their people in the government and form the Party for Berber Advancement.
    • Singapore also begins to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore also greatly benefits from the newly re-invigorated trade in the region. Singapore builds new infrastructure with its wealth and the General-Secretary's five-year growth plan continues. Singapore is generating wealth and its economy remains in a good state as Singapore begins to return to promise as a great economic hub of the east.
  • Romania: In Moldavia and Dobruja, we begin agricultural industrialisation. We build more factories in our nation. More collectivisation occurs. Tractors begin to be used in farms. We export many agricultural goods to our Communist allies.
    • Romanian Dip: We ask for technological support from Communist nations.
  • In the Grand Union (Pskov), the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes wealthier and wealthier as more people get used to over one hundred years of Pskovian governance. The Uzvards-Glinka Firearms Co. releases a new more effective machine gun design, named the GUA-101. The Government begins replacing old GUA-91s with the newer 101 model. Many more Einzbern model-93s are produced for the armed forces in industrial plants. More electric power stations are built as cities are electrified. More Model-96 rifles are built for sniper units, as designers think on how to improve the semi-automatic model-93 design. The Conservatives set up another "International Slavic Congress", and invites representatives from all slavic nations to join a celebration of traditions that unite all slavs in Pskov. The Grand Union looks to the east with despair. The Grand Union sends agents into Russia for the smuggling of human refugees fleeing the "red terror", and for funding militant organizations in Poland secretly (oi, will you do it to me first). Fortifications are built along the demilitarized zone, and some schools begin to "black out" captured areas on maps, calling them the "occupied territories". The border with Russia and Poland are strengthened along the demilitarized zone, which is quickly becoming, quite ironically, one of the most militarized zones in the world (due to lots of "you put one unit, I put two" mentality on both sides). The Jacobeit Airship Co. continues to construct new and improved airship models. Leibnitz and AVA continue their rivalry, while the motorcycle becomes a bit more popular. Kandinsky creates his most refined model to date, the Avia-5. The Avia-5 is the world's first "hydroplane", able to take off and land in water, tested in Lake Peipus. It is able to sustain flight for about 15 full minutes, with the only real limitations being fuel tank size. He also experiments with monoplanes, naming the first model the Edna-1, after his wife. More funding is secured, and a land-based model of the Avia-5, the Avia-6, is conceived, but problems arise while landing, as uneven ground is harder to land on. A strip of land is flattened near the hangar, and marked, the world's first true "air strip". larger tires are placed on the Avia-6 to aid in landing. Improvements continue. More stations are added to the Pskov Metro, and its success makes people think that underground railways would be good ideas in other cities, say like Vilnius, or Minsk. Wireless radio stations are built in all capitals, connecting parliament buildings. It is quickly realized that without clear encryption protocols, radio signals could be intercepted by any receiver so long as they had the right frequency. This causes the radio communications frequencies to become top secret information, and for most sensitive information to be omitted from radio, at least for the time being. Colonies expand their maximum, about 40,000 each, I think. In any case, the Christian government is defeated this year during their budget, already clinging to a horribly small minority government. The Conservative Party experiences a surge in popularity, much to the detriment of both them, and the Christians, as the Right wing vote is split, allowing the Liberals and Socialists to take their seats. The Final Results are as follows: A Majority coalition government is formed with 555 seats by the United Liberal Party, controlling 356 seats, and the New Democratic Party, controlling 198 seats. The Official Opposition is represented by the Christian Social Union, controlling 109 seats. The Government is also opposed by the National-Conservative Party, controlling 98 seats, the Grand Union Agrarian Party, controlling 61 seats, the Lithuanian Nationalist Union, controlling 33 seats, and the Lithuanian National Democratic Coalition, controlling 14 seats. 33 seats remain vacant, while 97 deputees sit without allegiance. This election saw the official end of the Industrialist faction, having lost all their seats to the NDP. 

1903

  • Commonwealth Kingdoms of Hamburg, Hanover, Prussia, Westphalia, Rhineland, Kuba, and the non-incorporated Kingdom of New Rugia: New Mecklenburg, New Lüneburg, Kameroon, and German West Africa expand by 750 px each. In November in the Lübeck Naval Shipyards, the SMS Fürchtennicht is launched, boasting thicker armor, more powerful turbines, and heavier armament. It utilizes a previously unused "all-big gun" layout, abandoning medium-sized secondary armaments common on older battleships. Six more of Fürchtennichts class in planned, with a new class currently in design. Meanwhile, after years of preparation, several expeditions are sent towards the South Pole, each of them looking to become the first to reach it. None of them do, and several die of exposure, but they set of supply depots that will be needed for future expeditions. In related Antarctic news, Germans present on Antarcticas coast propose expanding the German claim to a fifteen degree longitude wide area.
  • Indian Empire: Queen Nur Jehan was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 331,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Bengal, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity. A Bengali scientist Jagadish Chandra Bose effectively used Galena crystals for constructing radio receivers. The Galena receivers of Bose were used to receive signals consisting of shortwave, white light and ultraviolet light. Bose patented the use of Galena Detector which he called Point Contact Diode using Galena [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 68.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000 and a major port and naval base was constructed at Mahmudpur, with 25% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights.
    • Khedivate of Punjab: The Capital of Punjab was Lahore and the population was 48.8 million. The Punjabi military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Punjabs exports as well. About the same time, the Punjabi rock-salt, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 38.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well. 
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Aceh, Mauritius, Tromelin and Reunion.
  • The Caliphate: Drastically tries to develop military and the economy of the nation. We begin to construct the nation to its previous extent and glory. With the agreement with Rome, we begin to ease tensions with our previous enemy. Also, with the ownership of the entire Persian Gulf, we dominate trade in the region. We improve Mecca every year, donating a significant part of our treasury to the Holy City. A significant number of ships are built for our fleet. We resume to improve cities and establish the capital of the Caliphate as Baghdad, as for diplomatic reason, Mecca is impractical. We also start to press claims on Tartary-owned Persia and Central Asia. The Caliphate: with the war, we try to maintain our economy at a minimum. We begin to construct the nation to its previous extent and glory. With the agreement with Rome, we begin to ease tensions with our previous enemy. Also, with the ownership of the entire Persian Gulf, we dominate trade in the region. We improve Mecca every year, donating a significant part of our treasury to the Holy City. A significant number of ships are built for our fleet. We resume to improve cities and establish the capital of the Caliphate as Baghdad, as for diplomatic reason, Mecca is impractical. We also start to press claims on Tartary-owned Persia and Central Asia. We welcome and accept all trade proposals. Caliph Hakeem continues to incorporates the old system of Shura, democratically electing the new Caliph after the current one those, however, with a little modification: Caliphs can be only elected from one of four houses, all of them requiring to claim to come from Prophet Muhammad: House Hashemite, House Abbasid, House Fatimid, and the Alids or House of Ali, to please the Shias living in the realm. With the acquisition of Tartary Central Asia, we begin to promote a pan-Muslim state, instead of an Arab state. We emphasize that the Caliph is the leader of the entire Islamic community, rather than Arabs. A new Caliph is elected who marries the Queen of India. 
    • Wilayet of Habsha: The Caliphates African lands expand by 10,000 px. Also, local people are granted greater autonomy. 
    • Posting for Josh, cause he asked me. ~ Rimp
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science.
  • Borealia Flag 2Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Kinetiscopes become more popular. New Munich becomes the first city partially run on electrical power, and now light bulbs begin replacing gas lamps. As scientists explore mechanisms at smaller levels, it is theorized that all matter behaves like a particle and wave. Machine guns continue to improve with Andean supplies. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Submarines begin to be built for the purpose of breaking through northern ice caps. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. Support continues to be given to the Republican rebels in China . Seeing the great corruption and sin in San Francisco, the Reformist Church begins prophesying against the city, saying that it will face destruction within a few years. Adding on the earthquake panic already in the city, many people begin investing in technology to protect buildings from earthquakes, and urge the city government to form an evacuation plan. Most rational people, however, ignore this as superstition.
    • The State of Australia: The ports continue to be expanded and the new city of Dandiri is built on the Pacific Coast. As more businesses are taken up by Muslim natives, the German colonists begin migrating to the new communities farther inland. Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. An irrigation program continues to be designed, with the hopes of aiding settlements in the outback. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. We encourage the states of Japan, Rome and Andea to consider the proposed Treaty of Midway in order to establish peace in the Pacific.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: The colony grows greatly this year with added territory purchased from the French at 14 million Francs. Much of the technical labor force is replaced with French colonists. A lumber company is built to complement the mining company already existing. 
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue to expand industry as a way to repair the economy after the end of the war. More and more people move to the city from the country in pursuit of jobs. The Ruthenians begin research into airship production.
  • Ban Republic of Croatia (Banska Republika Hrvatska): Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and Eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. Kotor Saraka (Adelaide) continues to expand. A man named Mikula Milutin Draganić from Zadar begins catching the attention of the government after he begins claiming that he could redesign generators to be more efficient. By the end of the year, through help of government funds, he designs the so called Draganić coil.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materiel is needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Ban Republic of Carantania (Banska Republika Karantanija): Being Alpine Slavic nation, the leaders begin a programme to create a standardized Carantanian language that will reflect on both the Slavic and Alpine (Germanic) aspects of Carantania.
    • Sukadang Županija: Croatization. Expansion onto the other parts of Borneo.
  • Morocco: The Sultanate of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up its military, mainly the army and navy. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and the population continues to grow by adding 400,000 people every year. The population of Morocco now stands at 11.8 million people, while the number of military troops stands at 110,000 soldiers. Number of ships active in Moroccan Navy stands at 40 ironclad ships, 14 frigates, four cruisers and four destroyers. The nation expands by 10,000 px per year to keep it stronger and independent, with a few new cities being built. After Moroccan borders reached three West African countries, Morocco declares war on three various West African countries as Moroccan Colonial War in Africa, invade it with 20,000 soldiers. Roads and railroads are built between old and new cities. Fewer schools, museums, colleges and more houses, hospitals, power plants and mining plants are built. The mining plants produces materials coal, iron and now gold and copper, which later used as products from industries. Industry continues improving and few factories are built along in cities, creating jobs for people of Morocco. The telephone/communications and mosaics industries continue to grow under a few large monopolies. A few docks and mosques are built. The Moroccan Navy continues building a series of armored destroyers, cruisers and cargo ships which destroyers later added to Moroccan Navy and cargo ships are for trade and for future tensions. Trade with various major European powers decides economic boom of Morocco and Morocco's largest exports are mosaics and largest imports are mostly food. Artillery becomes more widely used in combat and some industries continues building a series of wartime artillery, which later added it to Moroccan Armed Forces. Meanwhile, few new trains are produced and one new railway line is opened in service. Sultan Abdelaziz continues to plan new reforms for Morocco and continues investing heavily in technology and science. Morocco continue improving relations with Roman Empire, Spain and France to seek friendly alliances in future. With Indian Empress Farah Shah visiting Morocco, Morocco requests Indian Empire a trade agreement. The Royal Moroccan Football Federation is founded in March 1903 as governing body of football in Morocco, also RMFF founded the official Morocco national football team based in Rabat. Shortly after birth of Moroccan football, five local football clubs are founded in largest cities between May and November 1903. These football clubs are based in Rabat, Fes, Tétouan, Casablanca and Marrakesh.
    • ​The Indian Empire signs a trade agreement with Morocco. 
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to tensions rising in Europe. Factories mostly make weapons for our military. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continue increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We start to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges, banks, and modern suburban homes. While decreasing the number of churches in the nation.
  • Andea: The Nation of Andea rapidly expands its industry, with a growing call for labour rights. The average yearly wage increases to 550 reals, and for the first time the government set a yearly minum wage of 300 reals per year (for adults working full time jobs). The cost of living remains low, at roughly 1000 reals, with some areas having as low as 670 reals and as high as 8000 reals. City living becomes more popular, as more jobs emerge in the industrial sector of the economy. The cities of Chiribaya-Cuzco, Peru and Nazca all have populations Greater than one million. Cuzco now has a population greater than two million. New Burgandy also grows to a population of 600,000. The military stands at 550,000 men, with service remaining compulsory. Population continues to grow steadily, with the population standing at 64.9 Million and rising steadly. The telephone/communications industry continues to grow under a few large monopolies. This industry trend is not unique to, but most notable in the communications industry. The Hesperia First Party continues to gain political steam, while the Nationals and Republicans lose more and more power. The Republican Party wins the presidency and the Upper House of the Senate. The Communist and Socalist parties also see significant gains, gaining one seat each. The Hesperia First party gains 18 seats, and the Nationals lose 33 seats. The Navy expands rapidly, with the introduction of Armored Cruisers and Greek fire. The Army also expands, with the adoption of the Galvin 2, an improved version of the Galvin Repeater. A new rifle, the Grant-Ramon Rifle, is adopted into the Andean military. Census results, combined with government estimates, place the number Andeans (Quechua, Mapuche or Mestizo) at 63% of the nations population, with the next largest group being Spanish (13%), French (9%), German (6%), East Asian (5%), and other (4%). Census results find that the fastest growing ethnic group is East Asian.
    • Protectorate of Cape Ferdinand: The Protectorate, now free of the Dutch, begins an expansion of its navy and military. An Andean garrison of 35,000 men is stationed in the territory, with an additional 5000 local troops. The territory remains a critical location for travel. Population stands at 105,000. An additional force of 50,000 men is stationed in the territory.
    • Protectorate of Sudafrica: With the End of the South African war, the nation comes into the Andean Sphere. The nation continues to rebuild and reform. Literacy rates improve, as does general health in the nation. more later.
  • United Nordic Republics
    • ​Republic of Denmark: The repair of Copenhagen continues this year. Hans Kuschek continues to lead the free people of Denmark with a 63% approval rating. Denmark continues sending troops to Iceland as the Winter War draws to a close. With the Treaty of Rekyjavik being signed, Denmark applauds Iceland's efforts in its victory against Borealia and Algonquia. It eagerly anticipates a return to peace. Roads are repaired in Jutland after the winter as docks are serviced. In the meantime, a telephone line is established between Zealand and Jutland, allowing for faster communication. A phone line across the Kattegat is planned as early as 1884. A new protected cruiser class, the Stejlt-Class, is produced. The Stejlt-Class is replacing the Jernskrog-Class cruiser, which saw heavy action during the Nordic Revolutions. There are over 200 ships in total flying Danish colors.
    • Republic of Sweden: Rebuilding efforts in Stockholm continues. Three former members of the Reiksdag of Sweden are found and beheaded in Copenhagen. The Intemerhuvudsak is invented. This device beheads people quickly and painlessly. Construction on the new Riksdag Building continues  in Stockholm. The roads to Finland and Norway are repaved. These roads, which saw extensive damage due to weathering and the Nordic Revolutions, are in dire need of repair. Currently, the Riksdag is dominated by the Social Democratic party, with a whopping 82% of popular vote going to the Social Democratic party of Sweden. Juhanni Eriksen remains in power. Sweden adopts the Stejt-Class protected cruiser. Currently, there are 93 ships in total flying Swedish colors. The military of Sweden improves.
    • Republic of Norway: Christjen Sigurson continues his term as president of the Norwegian Republic. Norway produces the Knulleskipetditt-Class protected cruiser, deciding the Stejt-Class is unfit for patrolling the North Sea and the open waters. Three are produced. In the meantime, Norway sends troops to the cause in the Winter War, congratulating Iceland on a victory. Christjen Sigurdson states the necessity of good relations with Algonquia and Borealia following this war. "Now that we've settled these differences, let's get back to making money." There are currently 193 ships flying Norwegian colors.
    • Republic of Finland: Jonna Kekkonnen visits the Karelian cities this year. She wishes to improve the cities of Karelja, forming the Karelja Initiative. In the meantime, landlines to Sweden and Norway are proposed. Construction is mid-way by Christmas this year. She sends money and foodstuff to Helluland in the Winter War. The Anaalihävityksen-Class protected cruiser is commissioned, though Finland is more interested in buying used ships from the Nordic Revolutions where applicable. The city of Helsinki sees drastic growth this year as urbanization in Finland continues. Kekkekon continues to fight for women's rights. There are 73 ships in Finland's navy. In the meantime, seeing Reme's success with powered flight, Finland considers recreating the experiment.
    • Commonwealth of Iceland: Iceland's immediate concern, the Winter War, seems to be over. The people of Iceland rejoice. Literacy programs in Iceland begin. According to the Alting, too many people 'can't figure out how to spell our damn words right.' Reykyjavik sees improvements this year. The University of Reykyjavik opens its doors in 1881. The university is noted for being the 'North Pole of Academia.' Speaking of the North Pole, expeditions are sent to the Arctic ice cap to investigate the North Pole. The navy of Iceland improves, with the Augapóker-Class cruiser being released this year. Iceland wishes to increase relations with Algonquia and Borealia, offering to re-open the embassy in Helluland and Rekyjavik.
    • Peoples Republic of China: The Peoples Republic supports Communists in other Chinese nations not in the PRC following the Civil War and breakup. We support the Chinese Communist Party in the Republic of China as the election is this year. We also build up our military further and place troops along the borders. We begin primitive war simulations including trench warfare with our troops fighting soldiers roleplaying as the enemy, with all our allies. According to our calculations, with no outside aid, the Independent Republic of Tibet would fall easily to our forces.
    • Emeraldie: New construction starts on the nation's ports, farms and mines to increase the nation's exports and economic strength. The land forces is reorganised to include 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces occur. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies, the transnational railway is completed. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. Work continues on construction of the Emerald Canal and vast expansion of oil production begins after the government provides subsidies to entrepreneurs.
      • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: A legislative parliament is created to take care of local issues. The South Pacific station is expanded with new modern ships. The territory government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 3200 men.
  • Algonquia declares war on Iceland, seeking to redress the insult of the earlier Winter War and gain vengeance for the earlier attack on Algonquia. Using new conscription practices, 150,000 men are mobilized, and they attack north along the Arctic railroad into Scandinavian territory. Massive stockpiles of supplies are shipped along the railroad, while winter clothing is issued to prevent the suffering of the earlier war. The heavily mined St. Lawrence is closed to shipping, defended by hundreds of torpedo boats and massive shore batteries, while reserves are called up in case of necessity.
    • Sahtudene sends aid to the war, but does not participate, although Kitlineq expands the max amount.
    • Lukaian also sends aid to the war.
    • The Union of Borealia also declares war on Iceland and leads an invasion of 200,000 troops from the Yukon. Some navy is also deployed through the Northwest Passage.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire is now at a period of peace and prosperity after a long period of war and uncertainty. Roman trade routes stretch across most of the world in the pursuit of wealth and trade goods and Roman military might remains a powerful force in Europe and other parts of the world. The Roman central government does what it can to address all of the issues of the various archonates within the Empire and ensure that their needs are met even as they help instill strength in the central government. Railroads are constructed around the nation to help connect the Empire and its peoples and steamships are used for much the same purpose on water. To further strengthen its position in Africa, the Roman government begins to make official claims in the Saharan desert north of Egypt's southern border. However, some in the Empire scoff at this, suggesting that the Empire is wasting its time claiming barren land and should focus on more resourceful areas of Africa, Asia or Europe. As European interest in Africa begins to heat up, Roman officials begin exploring possible resources or benefits from extended interaction with Madagascar, and trade and diplomats are directed there to assess the situation. Trade also expands with Hawaii, which becomes an impressive conduit of trade for Roman merchants and businesses. As such, the Empire takes an interest in Hawaii, but rather than try to annex it, as it is too far from Roman authority to do so, Roman officials instead would like to see a strong and friendly Hawaii. Weapons and officers are sent to Hawaii to help train their soldiers and protect their independence. The Roman Empire responds to the increased activity of Communist insurgency in other nations in Europe by adopting a more aggressive stance. Troops are sent to Gothia and Ruthenia to protect against potential Communist aggression from the north, and the Roman Empire begins making overtures towards Croatia, Transylvania and Vlachia to prepare their defences. The Roman Empire also deploys more troops to Italy to present a clear vanguard against potential aggression from Communist France or Lombardy, which is seen as soon falling to Communists while the Roman Empire is forbidden by treaty to intervene. The Roman Empire is concerned with the fall of the Tartary to the Communist hordes, and is particularly concerned that the Caliphate has aligned itself towards the hordes. Fears of being surrounded soon start to build up in the Roman government, and as a result the Roman government does what it can to help shore up its defenses both physical and diplomatic. The Roman Empire expands trade, industry and military training to members of the Holy League, hoping to create and re-inforce a stable and strong military alliance in the Empire's sphere of influence. The Roman Empire is forced to take drastic measures in recent years, as the expansion of Communism is considered unacceptable. Roman officials draft and generally pass Plan East, which calls for strengthening the Roman Empire's allies in the Holy League so they can protect the Roman Empire's flank while the Roman Empire concentrates on a potential eastern front. Military officers and engineers travel to Armenia, Georgia, Assyria, and Transylvania to train and improve those countries in all matters martial and industrial. The same goes for the Caliphate, hoping that the Caliphate would provide the crucial link in the chain for eastern defense. To further update the Empire's strength, the Roman Empire militarizes, and the Senate mandates that the Roman military be at a total size of 850,000 in peacetime and that a million man army must be able to be mobilized within a few weeks. Threats of Communism in Lombardy are too large to be ignored, so Roman forces militarize in Italy and pledge that no former treaty will hold Roman forces back if Lombardy becomes a clear threat. Remnants of the Vlachian government flee to the Roman Empire or Transylvania and call for intervention in Vlachia. Roman and Vlachian forces move in, securing the southern part of the country and stopping at the Wallachian-Moldavian border, as per the compromise between the Communists and Monarchists. Support for the true Vlachian government rises, and the Roman Empire provides the southern government the resources it needs to get itself back on its feet. To help stabilize its northern border, train cars full of weapons and ammo are sent to Croatia, hopefully to bolster that front. Parades take place in Constantinople and other cities celebrating Armenia's entry into the Empire. The region soon undergoes reformation and new borders, as Armenia is united with Cilicia to form greater Armenia, while some of the south is constituted as a new region of Kurdistan.
    • Tatar Empire: The fall of the Tartary is a huge surprise, and many officials fled to Roman lands. However, the Roman Empire was able to set up a puppet government claiming legitimacy from the remnants of the Tartary. The Tatar royal family is installed as the leaders of this puppet state, with much of the government based on that of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire does what it can to industrialize and modernize the puppet state, which effectively only controls the Black Sea coast. Effort is put entirely into the army, as there is no power that can challenge the might of the Roman navy in the Black Sea. Demoralized remnants of the Tartar Army along with volunteers are trained by Roman officers to help get the state back on its feet. 
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nation wide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The Franqi brothers begin experimenting with the idea of heavier-than-air flight, but the task is daunting and will take some time to perfect a flying device. They manage to create a working model which flies for several seconds. However, it isn't impressive enough and they continue their work.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started to be worked on.
  • People's Republic of Poland: General Secretary Sitko starts to enact more authoritarian policies in the government. He also continues expansion of the PTP, which continues its secret activities throughout the nation. More factories continue to be built throughout the nation. HM Starek continues to build fortifications along the Pskovite border. Meanwhile, Foreign Minister Dubanowski continues funding of peaceful Communist organizations in Czechia, Silesia, Slovakia, Croatia, North Romania, Ruthenia, Pskov, and Prussia.
  • Spain continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the burgeoning growth of the economy, new jobs created in the five major cities led to more people moving to the cities. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica and continues to push for the completion of the Trans-European rail link from Zaragoza to Paris to Marystadt so that the eastern part (Poland-Rome/Pskov) and the western part (Lisbon-Zaragoza). The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Aragon takes all the people from Edgistan. Boats and guns. Spain continues to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready battleships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. The Batman and Wonder Woman continue their crusade against crime in Madrid. The Superman, now known as Superman, eps the Zaragoza police catch a radical Communist leader, Dietrich Zigor, uncovering a plot that would have destroyed much of Zaragoza's government region. The Catalan businessman Lluc Lopez begins funding a group that actively seeks to bring down the Superman, as he often takes down political bosses and business criminals who are allied to the police. The more corrupt sectors of the police accept Lopez's money and no longer seek Superman's aid. Meanwhile, a Spanish inventor, Carlo Ferreira develops a plane and flies a distance of 60 m in Barcelona in front of a massive crowd. It is one of the earliest verified heavier-than-air flights of such a distance and speed. (Compare to Alberto Santos-Dumont.) The Spanish government condemns the Communists. Spain continues to seek out dissenters in Communist France to weaken the French government's strength. Spain proposes the formation of an anti-Communist league. Spain also seeks the return of Gibraltar and Ceuta from Croatia. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 px north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 px. Spanish West Africa restarts the war on the two local West African nations. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria expands 5000 sq km south as part of the nationalistic campaign to become a great nation on the African continent. Military technology is brought in from Spain, as well as other things. The economic crisis begins to be fixed as Moulin begins to cut back on government spending. Meanwhile, the Berber Party continues to gain speed. Berbers gain more control over governments at the provincial and municipal level.
    • Singapore also begins to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore also greatly benefits from the newly re-invigorated trade in the region. Singapore builds new infrastructure with its wealth and the General-Secretary's five-year growth plan continues. Singapore is generating wealth and its economy remains in a good state as Singapore begins to return to promise as a great economic hub of the east.
  • In the Grand Union (Pskov), the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes wealthier and wealthier as more people get used to over one hundred years of Pskovian governance. The Uzvards-Glinka Firearms Co. releases a new more effective machine gun design, named the GUA-101. The Government begins replacing old GUA-91s with the newer 101 model. Many more Einzbern model-93s are produced for the armed forces in industrial plants. More electric power stations are built as cities are electrified. More Model-96 rifles are built for sniper units, as designers think on how to improve the semi-automatic model-93 design. The Conservatives set up another "International Slavic Congress", and invites representatives from all slavic nations to join a celebration of traditions that unite all slavs in Pskov. The Grand Union looks to the east with despair. The Grand Union sends agents into Russia for the smuggling of human refugees fleeing the "red terror", and for funding militant organizations in Poland secretly (oi, will you do it to me first). Fortifications are built along the demilitarized zone, and some schools begin to "black out" captured areas on maps, calling them the "occupied territories". The border with Russia and Poland are strengthened along the demilitarized zone, which is quickly becoming, quite ironically, one of the most militarized zones in the world (due to lots of "you put one unit, I put two" mentality on both sides). The Jacobeit Airship Co. continues to construct new and improved airship models. Leibnitz and AVA continue their rivalry, while the motorcycle becomes a bit more popular. Aviation becomes more and more popular by the year, with numerous inventors trying their hand at the next biggest thing in flight. Newspapers provide rewards for flight records, and various new and funky designs are tried. Kandinsky gets into an argument with his co-worker as to weather or not a plane with a large fuselage will be able to fly, and not wreck the balance in the aircraft. With the addition of more motors, sufficient force will push it into powered flight. All past experience is pushed into a new design with a proper fuselage, capable of carrying as many as ten passengers on commercial flights between cities. He names this Project Icarus. Work begins immediately, and more funds are obtained. More stations are added to the Pskov Metro, and its success makes people think that underground railways would be good ideas in other cities, say like Vilnius, or Minsk. The Vilnus city council approves of an underground train system for public transit, and planning beigns this year, after succeses in Pskov.  Use of wireless radio continues to grow. Colonies expand their maximum, about 40,000 each, I think. 

1904

A tornado strikes Moscow, causing moderate amounts of damage to the suburbs. 

In the Madrid Olympiad, Spain wins a close victory followed by Borealia and Germany.

The Autonumy movement in East Africa gains more steam, escalating into a rebllion against the Caliphate. (Standard Rebellion)

  • Commonwealth Kingdoms of Hamburg, Hanover, Prussia, Westphalia, Rhineland, Kuba, and the non-incorporated Kingdom of New Rugia: New Mecklenburg, New Lüneburg, Kameroon, and German West Africa expand by 750 px each. In political news, William von Celle, a Centrist politician in the Duchy of Lüneburg in Hanover, is chosen as a candidate for Chancellor in the 1905 elections. He runs as a pro-business militarist, and advocates for the inclusion of the Kingdom of New Rugia as a commonwealth Kingdom. In other news, the border of Poland is militarized, and some begin calling for intervention.
  • Indian Empire: Queen Farah Shah was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 331,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Bengal, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity. At the request of Empress Farah Shah, Udaipur intervenes against African rebels in the Caliphate. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 68.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000 and a major port and naval base was constructed at Mahmudpur, with 25% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights.
    • Khedivate of Punjab: The Capital of Punjab was Lahore and the population was 48.8 million. The Punjabi military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Punjabs exports as well. About the same time, the Punjabi rock-salt, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 38.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well. 
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Aceh, Mauritius, Tromelin and Reunion.
  • The Caliphate: Drastically tries to develop military and the economy of the nation. We begin to construct the nation to its previous extent and glory. With the agreement with Rome, we begin to ease tensions with our previous enemy. Also, with the ownership of the entire Persian Gulf, we dominate trade in the region. We improve Mecca every year, donating a significant part of our treasury to the Holy City. A significant number of ships are built for our fleet. We resume to improve cities and establish the capital of the Caliphate as Baghdad, as for diplomatic reason, Mecca is impractical. We also start to press claims on Tartary-owned Persia and Central Asia. The Caliphate: with the war, we try to maintain our economy at a minimum. We begin to construct the nation to its previous extent and glory. With the agreement with Rome, we begin to ease tensions with our previous enemy. Also, with the ownership of the entire Persian Gulf, we dominate trade in the region. We improve Mecca every year, donating a significant part of our treasury to the Holy City. A significant number of ships are built for our fleet. We resume to improve cities and establish the capital of the Caliphate as Baghdad, as for diplomatic reason, Mecca is impractical. We also start to press claims on Tartary-owned Persia and Central Asia. We welcome and accept all trade proposals. Caliph Hakeem continues to incorporates the old system of Shura, democratically electing the new Caliph after the current one those, however, with a little modification: Caliphs can be only elected from one of four houses, all of them requiring to claim to come from Prophet Muhammad: House Hashemite, House Abbasid, House Fatimid, and the Alids or House of Ali, to please the Shias living in the realm. With the acquisition of Tartary Central Asia, we begin to promote a pan-Muslim state, instead of an Arab state. We emphasize that the Caliph is the leader of the entire Islamic community, rather than Arabs. Troops are sent to crush the rebellion. The Tripartite Pact is requested to intervene. 
    • Wilayet of Habsha: The Caliphates African lands expand by 10,000 px. Also, local people are granted greater autonomy. But since they don't care about autonomy anymore and decide to rebel, we send in troops to crush the rebellion. 
    • Posting for Josh, cause he asked me. ~ Rimp
  • '​'Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue to expand industry as a way to repair the economy after the end of the war. More and more people move to the city from the country in pursuit of jobs. The Ruthenians continue research into airship production.
  • Imperial Japan: Our condolensces go out to the dead Caliph. As the new century dawns, so does the new Empire of Japan with the implementation of the treaty of Beijing Japan. When Emperor Raijingusan was born the empire was a collection of Japan proper and a couple of ports, but now Japan is a shining empire in the Pacific, and is now considered a superpower in terms of vast greatness in not only territory, but also infrastructure, art, science, engineering literature, and education. The Emperor’s dream for Japan is fufilled, and as a result of the new century and new Japanese Empire there is a surge of nationalism. On the topic of literature, the book on the First-Sino Japanese War is published as well as the book “On the History of Japanese War history” and “On the History of Imperial Japan” is published. Emperor Rajiangstan himself attended New Munich, and noted “This city is a spectacular city, with lights gleaming over the fresh lakes, twinkling in the twilight, with the telephone that connects two voices from a far, and the kaleidoscope that has me see a beautiful rainbow of colors, indeed New Munich is a beacon upon a hill, and I hope Japan adopts the Borelian model of modernization.” The Emperor also returns to Tokyo, signs the Treaty of the Hague and the Treaty of Beijing, only to die, ushering an era of peace. “I was born, destined for something great, and something great I became, for I have made Japan the pinnacle of hope and light, sharing the greatness of the rising sun, to all four corners of the world. I may die today, but the Empire of Japan shall be eternal.” There is a massive memorial service held in Emperor Rajiangstan’s honor, and his first son, Emperor Heiwa to Han'ei, succeeds him, and begins to adopt the Borealian model of industrialization, trying to make Tokyo like New Munich.
    • Empire of Northern China: With the Signing of the Treaty of Beijing Manchuria and Northern China are merged, establishing the Empire of Northern China, with Emperor Wu, Emperor Rajiangstan’s second son, as Emperor. Major reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes, factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. Mining operations also continue. the Empire is also noted as one of the most diverse places in the Japanese Empire. We invest in developing the cities of Beijing and Tianjin. Emperor Waizu marries into the the Qing Dynasty, restoring the dynasty of the Manchu Empire of old.
    • Japanese Formosa: We invest in Formosa by implementing a massive railroad construction program as well as port construction to further the transportation of Formosa. We implement a program of both industry and agriculture in Formosa, with the industry being for Japan and the agriculture being for Formosa. We also make massive public education reform in Formosa. Industry also speeds up as a result of the wartime economy. Econ/mil turn. Industry is dedicated to the war.
    • Japanese Shanghai: We industrialize Shanghai and upgrade its port and infrastructure, including education. We have Shanghai specialize in shipbuilding and trading, making it a hub for trade in East Asia. We rapidly increase port building to make this city a hub for trade.
    • Northern Philippines: We welcome the former French Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war
    • Southern Philippines: We welcome the former Hamburgian Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war.
    • Japanese Siberia: We welcome the former Tartary territory into our empire and we begin an extensive program to rebuild the area after the war by expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, and factories. We also expan the economy of the area. Industry is dedicated to the war.
    • Jiangsu: Major rebuilding reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. We also construct a major irrigation system of Jiangsu and farm crops such as rice and wheat and make industry based on textiles and food and develop Shanghai and Nanking as important major cities. 
    • Guangdong: We begin developing the infrastructure of Guangdong by implementing major reform, and we build railroads, factories, schools, hospitals, homes, ports, and cities. In order to fuel this, we focus on developing the ports in the Pearl Delta River region making them a hub for trade in the Pacific. We open the Pearl River Delta to other nations in the Pacific and are willing to make a trade deal with them. 
  • Romania: In Moldavia and Dobruja, we begin agricultural industrialisation. We build more factories in our nation. More collectivisation occurs. Tractors begin to be used in farms. We export many agricultural goods to our Communist allies.
    • Romanian Dip: We ask for technological support from Communist nations.
  • Andea: The Nation of Andea rapidly expands its industry, with a growing call for labour rights. The average yearly wage increases to 550 reals, and for the first time the government set a yearly minum wage of 300 reals per year (for adults working full time jobs). The cost of living remains low, at roughly 1000 reals, with some areas having as low as 670 reals and as high as 8000 reals. City living becomes more popular, as more jobs emerge in the industrial sector of the economy. The cities of Chiribaya-Cuzco, Peru and Nazca all have populations Greater than one million. Cuzco now has a population greater than two million. New Burgandy also grows to a population of 600,000. The military stands at 550,000 men, with service remaining compulsory. Population continues to grow steadily, with the population standing at 64.9 Million and rising steadly. The telephone/communications industry continues to grow under a few large monopolies. This industry trend is not unique to, but most notable in the communications industry. The Hesperia First Party continues to gain political steam, while the Nationals and Republicans lose more and more power. The Republican Party wins the presidency and the Upper House of the Senate. The Communist and Socalist parties also see significant gains, gaining one seat each. The Hesperia First party gains 18 seats, and the Nationals lose 33 seats. The Navy expands rapidly, with the introduction of Armored Cruisers and Greek fire. The Army also expands, with the adoption of the Galvin 2, an improved version of the Galvin Repeater. A new rifle, the Grant-Ramon Rifle, is adopted into the Andean military. Andea also begins to develop an interest in airplanes and airships, for both commercial and military use. Census results, combined with government estimates, place the number Andeans (Quechua, Mapuche or Mestizo) at 63% of the nations population, with the next largest group being Spanish (13%), French (9%), German (6%), East Asian (5%), and other (4%). Census results find that the fastest growing ethnic group is East Asian. We offer to sell supplies to both sides in the Northern War.
    • Protectorate of Cape Ferdinand: The Protectorate, now free of the Dutch, begins an expansion of its navy and military. An Andean garrison of 35,000 men is stationed in the territory, with an additional 5000 local troops. The territory remains a critical location for travel. Population stands at 105,000. An additional force of 50,000 men is stationed in the territory.
    • Protectorate of Sudafrica: With the End of the South African war, the nation comes into the Andean Sphere. The nation continues to rebuild and reform. Literacy rates improve, as does general health in the nation. more later.
  • Morocco: The Sultanate of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up its military, mainly the army and navy. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and the population continues to grow by adding 400,000 people every year. The population of Morocco now stands at 12.2 million people, while the number of military troops stands at 120,000 soldiers. Number of ships active in Moroccan Navy stands at 40 ironclad ships, 14 frigates, five cruisers and six destroyers. The nation expands by 1,000 px per year to keep it stronger and independent, with a few new cities being built. Morocco continues its colonial war against three West African countries. Roads and railroads are built between old and new cities. Fewer schools, museums, colleges and more houses, hospitals, power plants and mining plants are built. The mining plants produces materials coal, iron and now gold and copper, which later used as products from industries. Industry continues improving and few factories are built along in cities, creating jobs for people of Morocco. The telephone/communications and mosaics industries continue to grow under a few large monopolies. A few docks and mosques are built. The Moroccan Navy continues building a series of armored destroyers, cruisers and cargo ships which destroyers later added to Moroccan Navy and cargo ships are for trade and for future tensions. Trade with various major European powers decides economic boom of Morocco and Morocco's largest exports are mosaics and largest imports are mostly food. Artillery becomes more widely used in combat and some industries continues building a series of wartime artillery, which later added it to Moroccan Armed Forces. Meanwhile, few new trains are produced and one new railway line is opened in service. Sultan Abdelaziz continues to plan new reforms for Morocco and continues investing heavily in technology and science. Morocco continue improving relations with Roman Empire, Spain and France to seek friendly alliances in future. The Moroccan Olympic Committee is founded in September 1904 as a non-profit organization serving as the National Olympic Committee of Morocco. Meanwhile in sport news, five new local football clubs has formed.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to tensions rising in Europe. Factories mostly make weapons for our military. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continue increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges, and banks.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: The Oldenburger Navy is greatly impressed by Hamburg's designs for the SMS Fuerchtennichts, and begin designing a similar ship for themselves. The Ducal palace has electric lighting installed, following the increasing trend amongst the rich and upper-middle class towards electrification. The settlement on Svalbard is officially naked Christiandorf after the Duke. Oldenburg reiterates its claim to the entire Svalbard archipelago which it first made (and which was recognised by Scandinavia) in 1815. The majority of Beothuk who defected to the National Front have taken advantage of the Government's generous amnesty and made new lives in the BAT. Beothuk MPs take up their seats in the Oldenburg Landtag this year, choosing not to align with the major power blocs.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: Work continues on establishing independent organisations for taxation, the military etc, but both the Oldenburg and Commonwealth governments are very supportive. The increase in tax revenue also causes the economy to expand.
  • Emeraldie: New construction starts on the nation's ports, farms and mines to increase the nation's exports and economic strength. The land forces is reorganised to include 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces occur. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies, the transnational railway is completed. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. Work continues on construction of the Emerald Canal (current estimates show it will be completed by 1914) and vast expansion of oil production begins after the government provides subsidies to entrepreneurs. With the booming economy, the government begins investing heavily in education and infrastructure. In other new the first domestically produced cars are built, with companies taking advantage of the growing petrol supply
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: A legislative parliament is created to take care of local issues. The South Pacific station is expanded with new modern ships. The territory government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 3200 men.
  • Peoples Republic of China: The PRC continues to support the Commnist Party in the ROC, along with Communists in other Chinese nations. We also begin to place troops on the border with Tibet, awaiting a Japanese or Tibetan response. Our military buildup continues as part of our plan to reunite China. We also decrease trade with Japan and increase trade with our Chinese nations instead. Our war simulations show that victory could be achieved over Tibet in 1-2 years.
  • Commonwealth States of Bavaria, Austria, Venezia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Saxony, Swabia, and Bremen: The Augsburg Diet continues to operate, being able to pass universal female suffrage in 1896. In military news, Heinrik Paks allows his war ministers to arm the border of Bavaria and France, seeing as how war becomes more likely each passing day. In political news, Governor-General Felipe DiRegenati wins the 1900 elections, and resigns his position as Governor-General on December 1, 1900. Since his Vice-Governor Mikael Amherst-Verner was on the same ticket, there is some confusion about who the new Governor-General should be. Heinrik Paks, Bavarian foreign secretary, is appointed by the Augsburg Diet to serve as interim chancellor, until a new one can be voted in in 1902. Rudolph Fresk, Governor of Pomerania, becomes a frontrunner in the upcoming elections. In other news, Vice-Chancellor Mikael Amherst-Verner suffers a heart attack in 1902. He survives, but decides to resign his post. Now, without a Vice-Chancellor, Felipe DiRegenati wonders on who to appoint as his next VC. In Bavarian news, Fresk loses the 1904 governor election to Johann Mikelssen.
  • Spain continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the burgeoning growth of the economy, new jobs created in the five major cities led to more people moving to the cities. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica and continues to push for the completion of the Trans-European rail link from Zaragoza to Paris to Marystadt so that the eastern part (Poland-Rome/Pskov) and the western part (Lisbon-Zaragoza). The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain begins to mass troops along the border with France and increases patrols around the entire coast of Spain. Spain continues to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready battleships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. The Batman and Wonder Woman continue their crusade against crime in Madrid. The Batman finds himself at odds with a Communist leader known as the Red Hood. Also, Prince Bruno is publically elected to Parliament this year, giving him more leverage against political opponents. Superman is forced underground by Lluc Lopez's anti-Superman endeavors. Carlo Ferreira continues to  The Spanish government condemns the Communist nations. Spain continues to seek out dissenters in Communist France to weaken the French government's strength. Spain proposes the formation of an anti-Communist league. Spain also seeks the return of Gibraltar and Ceuta from Croatia. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 px north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 px. Spanish West Africa finishes the second war on the two local West African nations. Spain forms the Federal Intelligence Service of Spain (FISE). Real Madrid and FC Barcelona are formed. Spain hosts the 1904 Olympics and wins medals. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria expands 5000 sq km south as part of the nationalistic campaign to become a great nation on the African continent. Military technology is brought in from Spain, as well as other things. The economic crisis begins to be fixed as Moulin begins to cut back on government spending. Meanwhile, the Berber Party continues to gain speed. Berbers gain more control over governments at the provincial and municipal level. Algeria attends the Olympics in Spain.
    • Singapore also begins to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore also greatly benefits from the newly re-invigorated trade in the region. At the end of the General-Secretary's five year reconstruction plan, Singapore finds itself in a much better place, economically and socially. Singapore continues to accumulate wealth as a center of trade and all that nonsense. dolla dolla bill yall
  • Empire of Lanka: The Lankan government focuses on industrialization. Accelerated industrialization in Lanka continues. The Edict of 1891 and Waardige Accord stay in effect. Dutch architecture, arts, and culture have had a permanent effect on Lankan culture, although Lankan culture still remains with its own identity. The army remains one of the most modern in Asia due to the permanent result of European military from the Dutch throughout the protectoratecy. As the populations move to the cities, more and more men are recruited in the Lankan army. The parliament enacts nationwide conscription to reform the military, requiring all able-bodied men above twenty-one need to have at least eight years in active service, following by three years in the reserves. As the populations move to the cities, more and more men are recruited in the Lankan army. The most recent census taken in 1860, accounts for 2,992,224 citizens. The trade ports on the island remain in heavy use with expansion of trade in Asia. Significant urbanization causes the cities of Waardige, Sri Jaywardenepura Kotte, Kandy, Kalmunai, and Galle, to be flooded with people. Waardige continues to be a trade, technological and industrial center in Asia. The complex Waardige canal system sees fall in use as more and more it becomes outdated due to changes in ships. The Island Spoorwegmaatschappij starts massive construction of railroads across the islands. Religion in the empire continues to be mixed with the three main religions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Dutch Reformist being worshipped on the main island while there are a few animist natives on Nava Kotte. The Lankan navy still holds warships that were supplied during the protectoratecy.The provincie system instituted in 1773 is changed to be less feudal and more bureaucratic, which basically turns them into an administrative division. The the title of the head of the provincie is changed from Count to Emperor's Commissioner. The King's Commissioner is also the head of the parliament (provinciale staten) in the provincie. Along with there being provinciale statens, a main parliament is also created. This main parliament will be assembled on the Emperor's command, and is used to decide issues, create public projects, and pass laws for the whole empire. Last year the emperor called the main parliament to discuss the issue of public education and the idea of the creating a constitution. The Emperor and the parliament passed the Compulsory Education Act of 1886, which states that education in Lanka for the ages of five to ten is compulsory. In elementary school the children learn Sinhala and Dutch (reading and writing) and basic mathematics. Also incorporated in this act is an edict against children working over thirteen hours a day. The emperor and parliament also created a constitution that officially set up the bureaucratic system. Last year parliament wanted to start to pursue a policy of faster industrialization, and to do this they passed the Edict of 1888 which abolished the caste system and slavery as well. Lankan industrial funding is used to build factories in the capital first, and then creating factiories across major cities in the empire. To assist accelearted industrialization, Lanka tries to define its national unity. The government establishes the national language to be Sinhalese, and enforces this in schools. Buddhism continues to be the national religion and is inserted into the national curriculum. Lanka starts massively producing and exporting cigars (and other uses for tobacco), rubber, and mining diamonds and other precious gems. Galle continues to be fit by the Germans to build ironclads. Ironclads continue being purchased from the Germans. Lanka sends a very small amount of athletes to the Olympic Games of 1904, all of which are Sinhalese. Lanka signs an alliance and trade pact with Spain, and a separate trade pact is signed with India. Seeing international reactions on the Tamil language ban, the Emperor modifies the law in the Edict of 1904.The edict states that Tamil is allowed to be spoken everywhere, but only written in public places in Tamil majority areas, and on Tamil religious buildings.
  • Russia does military and infrastructure. land distribution, supports the anti-jurors. continues to set up the Tartary puppet. inspires commies in Mongolia. Ayernov begins a five-year initiative to build a massive Navy, using resources from foreign trade and natural resources in Siberia to finance this.
    • Tartary: Military and infrastructure. land redistribution. executes royal family.
  • France: Military buildup and economic expansion continue through another 10-Year Plan enacted after the first 10-Year Plan ended in 1899. In military news, buildup continues along the German border while our forces begin working on aircraft for the purposes of scouting through hostile territory. However, a small group of generals within the People's Army sees the offensive applications for more offensive purposes. But with the lack of support, they are unable to convince others of this, due to practical costs. However, the production of the first aircraft for military means, the V-1 Skywatcher begins testing and limited production. Meanwhile, in more civilian and domestic news, more factories begin construction as part of our modernization plans, while the General Secretary Paget orders the construction of a railroad system to connect with the Trans-European Rail Link, hoping to integrate France with fellow Communist allies. Meanwhile, a crackdown on sympathizers is ordered by General Secretary Paget against capitalist sympathizers and political dissidens, with the People's Army and the CSE (Comité pour la Sécurité de l'Etat in French) as tools for this job. In secrecy, General Secretary Paget issues a meeting with his top generals in an unspecified location in the Mediterranean Sea, hoping to meet with his generals to consult on plans against the Spanish forces. However, with most plans coming into rejection by General Secretary Paget, he finally decides on a plan proposed by General Martin Pettigrew which proposes an invasion of Spain through the Franco-Spanish border as well as a naval invasion of Valencia, Spain. However, this situation requires the political situation to be precise and accurate, and may require a heavily distracted or weakened Spain, and Rome out of the picture. The plan is nicknamed: Operation: Cardinal. However, with this in mind, the current situation prevents this from happening, and would require several years of careful planning. 
  • People's Republic of Poland: General Secretary Sitko orders the Foreign Minister to send a declaration of war to Pskov. The nations of Russia, France, Romania, and Ruthenia are all called into the war against Pskov. The General Secretary holds a speech in Ludzigród, trying to spread a fighting sentiment throughout the people. HM Starek attacks Pskov with 660,000 troops, the entire current Polish Army. The Polish Navy of 30 ironclads as well as a few smaller ships attack the Pskovite Navy in the Baltic Sea. The PTP works to keep the country calm in secret during the war, helping to distribute propaganda throughout the nation. Foreign Minister Dubanowski continues funding of peaceful Communist organizations in Czechia, Silesia, Slovakia, Croatia, North Romania, Ruthenia, and Prussia.
    • ​French Diplomacy: We officially begin to deploy the People's Navy into the Baltic Sea. 
  • Ban Republic of Croatia (Banska Republika Hrvatska): Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and Eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. Kotor Saraka (Adelaide) continues to expand. Draganić continues his research, Spain is offered to join the Operation: Fall of the Golden Lynx.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materiel is needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Ban Republic of Carantania (Banska Republika Karantanija): Being Alpine Slavic nation, the leaders begin a programme to create a standardized Carantanian language that will reflect on both the Slavic and Alpine (Germanic) aspects of Carantania.
    • Sukadang Županija: Croatization. Expansion onto the other parts of Borneo.
    • Spain agrees to join in exchange for the sale of Dahomey to Spain. (And later the return of Gibraltar and Ceuta).
  • In the Grand Union (Pskov), the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes wealthier and wealthier as more people get used to over one hundred years of Pskovian governance. The Uzvards-Glinka Firearms Co. releases a new more effective machine gun design, named the GUA-101. The Government begins replacing old GUA-91s with the newer 101 model. Many more Einzbern model-93s are produced for the armed forces in industrial plants. More electric power stations are built as cities are electrified. More Model-96 rifles are built for sniper units, as designers think on how to improve the semi-automatic model-93 design.After the Polish declaration of war, the economy is put into warmode.  Kandisky's Project Icarus is repurposed for military, his first prototype, named Avia-7, is begining the process of its trasformation... The Supreme PRince announces the formation of a new Wing of the Military, the Grand Union Air Service, and he inducts 50 rigid airships as the innaugural members. The Navy begins to engage poland in the Baltic, decimating their outdated ironclads with the latest batleships. Soldiers begin to attack Polish positions, and the Supreme Prince takes to public stage, using radio towers and massive speakers to spread his rallying message "The Communists believe themselves the defenders of workers, but all they do is spread terror, they believe themselves the fighters against 'imperialism', but all they do is act in imperialist ways in the name of their 'revolution'. To them the ends justify the means, and they will stop at nothing until our free and democratic union of peoples will burn to the ground, and where your personal freedoms are nothing more than service to the state". So far a stalemente occurs in trenches, as GUA-101 macine guns spray incoming polish soldiers. Work begins immediately, and more funds are obtained. More stations are added to the Pskov Metro, and its success makes people think that underground railways would be good ideas in other cities, say like Vilnius, or Minsk. The Vilnus city council approves of an underground train system for public transit, and planning beigns this year, after succeses in Pskov. Use of wireless radio continues to grow. Colonies expand their maximum, about 40,000 each, I think. Many allies and Nations are called to defend the Grand Union, Including Rome, Germany, Spain, and any other Nation that values freedom over slavery.
    • ​Russia and Tartary D: The time for vengance for the persecuted workers, those lynched by the juror mobs, shunned from their places of work, those that yearned for reunification and liberation. We declare war on Pskov and call on the AJA to rise as the tartar and russian armies respond to the call to arms. (if you don't want to read propaganda, we declare war on Pskov.)
    • Ruthenian Diplomacy: The Ruthenians officially declare war on Pskov to punish the government that let lynch mobs murder innocent people without prosecution. And who encouraged greedy citizens to exploit the Russian Revolution for a human trafficking scheme.
    • cough* that government was defeated in 1894 *cough* all they did was smuggle in defectors *cough*
    • cough* We honestly couldn't give less of a shit about that. Ruthenia has always viewed that as human trafficking.*cough
  • Roman Empire: The Empire is now at a period of peace and prosperity after a long period of war and uncertainty. Roman trade routes stretch across most of the world in the pursuit of wealth and trade goods and Roman military might remains a powerful force in Europe and other parts of the world. The Roman central government does what it can to address all of the issues of the various archonates within the Empire and ensure that their needs are met even as they help instill strength in the central government. Railroads are constructed around the nation to help connect the Empire and its peoples and steamships are used for much the same purpose on water. To further strengthen its position in Africa, the Roman government begins to make official claims in the Saharan desert north of Egypt's southern border. However, some in the Empire scoff at this, suggesting that the Empire is wasting its time claiming barren land and should focus on more resourceful areas of Africa, Asia or Europe. As European interest in Africa begins to heat up, Roman officials begin exploring possible resources or benefits from extended interaction with Madagascar, and trade and diplomats are directed there to assess the situation. Trade also expands with Hawaii, which becomes an impressive conduit of trade for Roman merchants and businesses. As such, the Empire takes an interest in Hawaii, but rather than try to annex it, as it is too far from Roman authority to do so, Roman officials instead would like to see a strong and friendly Hawaii. Weapons and officers are sent to Hawaii to help train their soldiers and protect their independence. The Roman Empire responds to the increased activity of Communist insurgency in other nations in Europe by adopting a more aggressive stance. Troops are sent to Gothia and Ruthenia to protect against potential Communist aggression from the north, and the Roman Empire begins making overtures towards Croatia, Transylvania and Vlachia to prepare their defences. The Roman Empire also deploys more troops to Italy to present a clear vanguard against potential aggression from Communist France or Lombardy, which is seen as soon falling to Communists while the Roman Empire is forbidden by treaty to intervene. The Roman Empire is concerned with the fall of the Tartary to the Communist hordes, and is particularly concerned that the Caliphate has aligned itself towards the hordes. Fears of being surrounded soon start to build up in the Roman government, and as a result the Roman government does what it can to help shore up its defenses both physical and diplomatic. The Roman Empire expands trade, industry and military training to members of the Holy League, hoping to create and re-inforce a stable and strong military alliance in the Empire's sphere of influence. The Roman Empire is forced to take drastic measures in recent years, as the expansion of Communism is considered unacceptable. Roman officials draft and generally pass Plan East, which calls for strengthening the Roman Empire's allies in the Holy League so they can protect the Roman Empire's flank while the Roman Empire concentrates on a potential eastern front. Military officers and engineers travel to Armenia, Georgia, Assyria, and Transylvania to train and improve those countries in all matters martial and industrial. The same goes for the Caliphate, hoping that the Caliphate would provide the crucial link in the chain for eastern defense. To further update the Empire's strength, the Roman Empire militarizes, and the Senate mandates that the Roman military be at a total size of 850,000 in peacetime and that a million man army must be able to be mobilized within a few weeks. Threats of Communism in Lombardy are too large to be ignored, so Roman forces militarize in Italy and pledge that no former treaty will hold Roman forces back if Lombardy becomes a clear threat. Remnants of the Vlachian government flee to the Roman Empire or Transylvania and call for intervention in Vlachia. Roman and Vlachian forces move in, securing the southern part of the country and stopping at the Wallachian-Moldavian border, as per the compromise between the Communists and Monarchists. Support for the true Vlachian government rises, and the Roman Empire provides the southern government the resources it needs to get itself back on its feet. To help stabilize its northern border, train cars full of weapons and ammo are sent to Croatia, hopefully to bolster that front. The war in Europe destablizes the current political system, and many are wondering what to do. The Imperial government is currently at a loss, yet prepares its military to ensure whatever action it takes is taken with force.
    • Tatar Empire: The fall of the Tartary is a huge surprise, and many officials fled to Roman lands. However, the Roman Empire was able to set up a puppet government claiming legitimacy from the remnants of the Tartary. The Tatar royal family is installed as the leaders of this puppet state, with much of the government based on that of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire does what it can to industrialize and modernize the puppet state, which effectively only controls the Black Sea coast. Effort is put entirely into the army, as there is no power that can challenge the might of the Roman navy in the Black Sea. Demoralized remnants of the Tartar Army along with volunteers are trained by Roman officers to help get the state back on its feet. 
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nation wide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The Franqi brothers begin experimenting with the idea of heavier-than-air flight, but the task is daunting and will take some time to perfect a flying device. They manage to create a working model which flies for several seconds. However, it isn't impressive enough and they continue their work.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started to be worked on.
  • Algonquia and its vassals continue to fight Iceland/Helluland/the UNR/Scandinavia. The Beothuk National Front ends its insurgency with most members returning to Oldenburger territory, to the High Sachem's secret relief.
  • Brazil: The first Fortaleza-class battleship (dreadnought) is completed in the city of the same name. For its maiden voyage it arrives in Porto Natal, where a modern dock and shipyard is under construction. Hostilities die down in Mexaca after Brazilian soldiers successfully pacify the border region with Emeraldie. Ships continue to patrol the Imperial Sea however, ensuring that the situation is under control in the region, and funding in Mexaca comes to a close. Further upgrades of the navy and its facilities continue, with modern shipyards having been completed in São Sebastião, Santa Cruz, Vitória, Belém, São Salvador, Santa Catarina, Fortaleza, and São Luís. With the war with the Zulu concluded, Brazilian soldiers continue to patrol the formerly Zulu territory. The city of Porto Natal is expanded to serve as a regional capital, and a shipyard is completed. In the north the region experiences heavy settlement, however overlapping claims with the Scandinavians in Namibia lead to conflict, and the military is mobilized to move to the border. Taking notice of Scandinavia’s weakness while distracted in other fronts, and with the Brazilian military already in position, the Empire of Brazil declares war on the Scandinavian colony in Namibia, and moves soldiers over the border. A naval blockade easily overpowers the small colony’s naval garrison, and the ports on the coast are cut off. This limits supplies and reinforcements to the colony, and leaves the native population to its own devices. We fully mobilize for war and move siege weapons into this region.

1905

Ships involved in the fighting of the Second Winter war find themselves frozen in the northwest passage, proving the passage is not effective as a year round route of travel. 

In the Netherlands, economic harship because of the Dutch War gets worse. People begin to rise up against the Dutch Government, with the largest anti-government faction being Communist.

  • Indian Empire: Queen Farah Shah was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 331,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Bengal, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity. At the request of Empress Farah Shah, Udaipur intervenes against African rebels in the Caliphate. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 68.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000 and a major port and naval base was constructed at Mahmudpur, with 25% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights.
    • Khedivate of Punjab: The Capital of Punjab was Lahore and the population was 48.8 million. The Punjabi military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Punjabs exports as well. About the same time, the Punjabi rock-salt, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 38.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Aceh, Mauritius, Tromelin and Reunion.
  • The Caliphate: Drastically tries to develop military and the economy of the nation. We begin to construct the nation to its previous extent and glory. With the agreement with Rome, we begin to ease tensions with our previous enemy. Also, with the ownership of the entire Persian Gulf, we dominate trade in the region. We improve Mecca every year, donating a significant part of our treasury to the Holy City. A significant number of ships are built for our fleet. We resume to improve cities and establish the capital of the Caliphate as Baghdad, as for diplomatic reason, Mecca is impractical. We also start to press claims on Tartary-owned Persia and Central Asia. The Caliphate: with the war, we try to maintain our economy at a minimum. We begin to construct the nation to its previous extent and glory. With the agreement with Rome, we begin to ease tensions with our previous enemy. Also, with the ownership of the entire Persian Gulf, we dominate trade in the region. We improve Mecca every year, donating a significant part of our treasury to the Holy City. A significant number of ships are built for our fleet. We resume to improve cities and establish the capital of the Caliphate as Baghdad, as for diplomatic reason, Mecca is impractical. We also start to press claims on Tartary-owned Persia and Central Asia. We welcome and accept all trade proposals. Caliph Hakeem continues to incorporates the old system of Shura, democratically electing the new Caliph after the current one those, however, with a little modification: Caliphs can be only elected from one of four houses, all of them requiring to claim to come from Prophet Muhammad: House Hashemite, House Abbasid, House Fatimid, and the Alids or House of Ali, to please the Shias living in the realm. With the acquisition of Tartary Central Asia, we begin to promote a pan-Muslim state, instead of an Arab state. We emphasize that the Caliph is the leader of the entire Islamic community, rather than Arabs. Troops are sent to crush the rebellion. The Tripartite Pact is requested to intervene.
    • Wilayet of Habsha: The Caliphates African lands expand by 10,000 px. Also, local people are granted greater autonomy. But since they don't care about autonomy anymore and decide to rebel, we send in troops to crush the rebellion.
    • Posting for Josh, because he asked me to. ~ Rimp
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science.
  • Ruthenia: The industrial development of Ruthenia is halted with the start of Ruthenia's involvement in war against Pskov.
  • France: Military buildup and economic expansion continue with the Ten-Year Plan in place. With rapid mobilization in place in the German border, we begin to make a test flight over the coast of OTL Normandy to test out the capabilities of our planes. Meanwhile, the People's Navy engages the Scandinavian Navy in the Atlantic, hoping to establish a puppet government in the Kongo and taking advantage of the weakness of Scandinavia. With this in mind, General Secretary Paget hopes to use the Kongo as a puppet government in the region, which will be supported by the French government, although Paget also fears that it could be a sign of colonialism, a capitalist value which he fought so hard against in the French Civil War. But despite this, noting France's need for natural resources, he begins to make head for the Kongo region and begins sending troops there. In domestic news, planes for civilian use begin limited manufacturing, while investment commences into more factories across France. In scientific news, Germain Guérin passes away and is given posthumous recognition for his contributions to science, and particularly for the Guérin Equation. Meanwhile, the crackdown continues, and Paget effectively makes it clear: any sympathizing with the capitalists will be met with death via CSE or People's Army hands.
    • Indian Diplomacy: The French island of Seychelles falls within the national interests of our Empire, and we request Communist France to sell the island to us in recognition as the sole representative of the French people.
    • French Diplomacy: The People's Republic of France accepts the offer to sell the islands. Our price: 19 million Francs. 
  • Romania: In Moldavia and Dobruja, we begin agricultural industrialisation. We build more factories in our nation. More collectivisation occurs. Tractors begin to be used in farms. We export many agricultural goods to our Communist allies.
    • Romanian Dip: We declare war on Pskov and send our most elite divisions.
  • Borealia Flag 2Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Kinetiscopes become more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. The grenade is invented this year. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin to be built off of the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. Support continues to be given to the Republican rebels in China . In light of panic over possible earthquakes in the last few decades, most residential buildings in San Francisco are fixed with the best shock-proofing technology of the time, and a tentative evacuation plan is drawn up by the city council. Many rational people dismiss the panic, however, and most industrial buildings remain unprotected (mods, is this okay?). The war with Iceland continues, although the navy is recalled as soon as winter sets in, concentrating instead on the ground forces.
    • I would argue "most" would probably be a bit of a stretch for this period, but if the Reformists have been prophesying vocally and widely about it, I don't think it's inconceivable that a decent number could be "protected" (whatever that entailed in the turn-of-the-century), especially members and sympathisers of the church. It could probably lead to an increase in the church's membership after the earthquake (although that was probably the plan anyway). That's my thoughts. Callumthered (talk) 12:41, June 21, 2015 (UTC)
    • The State of Australia: The ports continue to be expanded and the new city of Dandiri is built on the Pacific Coast. As more businesses are taken up by Muslim natives, the German colonists begin migrating to the new communities farther inland. Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. An irrigation program continues to be designed, with the hopes of aiding settlements in the outback. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. We encourage the Empire of Japan to sign the Treaty of Midway, or to propose any complaints they have with it.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: The colony grows greatly this year with added territory purchased from the French at 14 million Francs. Much of the technical labor force is replaced with French colonists. A lumber company is built to complement the mining company already existing. 
  • Morocco: The Sultanate of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up its military, mainly the army and navy. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and the population continues to grow by adding 400,000 people every year. The population of Morocco now stands at 12.6 million people, while the number of military troops stands at 140,000 soldiers. Number of ships active in Moroccan Navy stands at 40 ironclad ships, 14 frigates, six cruisers and eight destroyers. The nation expands by 4,000 px per year to keep it stronger and independent, with a few new cities being built. Morocco finishes its colonial war against three West African countries and countries that are defeated are later annexed officially by Morocco. Roads and railroads are built between old and new cities. Fewer schools, museums, colleges and more houses, hospitals, power plants and mining plants are built. The mining plants produces materials coal, iron and now gold and copper, which later used as products from industries. Industry continues improving and few factories are built along in cities, creating jobs for people of Morocco. The telephone/communications and mosaics industries continue to grow under a few large monopolies. A few docks and mosques are built. The Moroccan Navy continues building a series of armored destroyers, cruisers and cargo ships which destroyers later added to Moroccan Navy and cargo ships are for trade and for future tensions. Trade with various major European powers decides economic boom of Morocco and Morocco's largest exports are mosaics and largest imports are mostly food. Artillery becomes more widely used in combat and some industries continues building a series of wartime artillery, which later added it to Moroccan Armed Forces. Meanwhile, few new trains are produced and one new railway line is opened in service. Sultan Abdelaziz continues to plan new reforms for Morocco and continues investing heavily in technology and science. Morocco continue improving relations with Roman Empire, Spain and France to seek friendly alliances in future. While Pskov becomes all weakest, Morocco declares war on Pskov, as they wanted to take African colonies from Pskov and first invade Pskovian Angola with 30,000 soldiers transporting in modern transport boats and protected by 6 frigates and 12 ironclad ships.
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  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to tensions rising in Europe. Factories mostly make weapons for our military. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continue increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges, and banks.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: Work continues on the first Oldenburger Fuerchtennichts class battleship, with the help of Hamburger designs and expertise. Br Friederich Schuhmacher accepts the nomination for the Chancellorship. Fresh from his successful negotiation of the Neu Juist Crisis, Br Friederich has grown immensely in popularity in Oldenburg since the last election. In an interview with Die Zeit newspaper, Br Friederich announces this will be his final attempt on the Chancellorship, joking that he "couldn't one-up the Trinity!" He and his running mate, prominent Socialist Party cadre Gregor Hensel hope their development and poor-focused platform will be enough to get them over the line. In other political news, a group of wealthy industrialists meet with some members of the nobility and the board of the OHG to discuss the possibility of establishing a new political party to oppose the powerful Catholic-Socialist coalition that has held sway over government for decades. The High Council suggests to the other Commonwealth members that perhaps an intervention in the Netherlands might be appropriate if the situation continues to deteriorate.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: Military improves with help. General support for Br Friederich is quite high due to his skilful negotiation avoiding a full-on guerrilla insurgency from the natives. The border with Scandinavia is guarded to enforce Oldenburger neutrality.
  • Russia: Hundreds of thousands of troops flood the Pskovian border, meeting up with Tartar troops and the pskovian  Anti Juror Action, and begin occupation of major cities. The new navy is put to the test against higher tech Pskovian warships. This war sees the first use of modern weapons in Russian combat. Meanwhile on the homefront industrialization continues. Ivan Ayernov falls ill, and he names Dimitri Kyrponov as his immediate successor. Continues to fund Communist groups in the Netherlands and Mongolia.
  • Emeraldie: New construction starts on the nation's ports, farms and mines to increase the nation's exports and economic strength. The land forces is reorganised to include 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces occur. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies, the transnational railway is completed. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. Work continues on construction of the Emerald Canal (current estimates show it will be completed by 1914) and vast expansion of oil production begins after the government provides subsidies to entrepreneurs. With the booming economy, the government begins investing heavily in education and infrastructure. In other new the first domestically produced cars are built, with companies taking advantage of the growing petrol supply.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: A legislative parliament is created to take care of local issues. The South Pacific station is expanded with new modern ships. The territory government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 3200 men.
  • Spain continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the burgeoning growth of the economy, new jobs created in the five major cities led to more people moving to the cities. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica and continues to push for the completion of the Trans-European rail link from Zaragoza to Paris to Marystadt so that the eastern part (Poland-Rome/Pskov) and the western part (Lisbon-Zaragoza). The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain begins to mass troops along the border with France and increases patrols around the entire coast of Spain. Spain continues to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready battleships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. The Batman and Wonder Woman continue their crusade against crime in Madrid. The Batman finds himself at odds with a Communist leader known as the Red Hood. Also, Prince Bruno is publically elected to Parliament this year, giving him more leverage against political opponents. Carlo Ferreira continues to develop aeroplanes and makes great advances. The Spanish government condemns the Communist nations. Spain continues to seek out dissenters in Communist France to weaken the French government's strength. Spain proposes the formation of an anti-Communist league. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 px north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 px. Spain officially annexes Dahomey. Croatian people continue to have their rights and as the majority European group in the colony, Croatian continues to be an official language. Dahomey expands 8000 px into the interior of Africa. Meanwhile, Spain finally reacquires the territories of Gibraltar and Ceuta, prize possessions of Spain. This is widely celebrated. However, Spain's current war is not approved of by the people and the Nationalist Party falls from grace as the Union Party takes their place as the leaders of Spain. The Spanish architect Gustavo Mendoza, the man who designed the Mendoza Tower, designs the Statue of Liberty. It is going to be sent to Borealia as a gesture of goodwill and friendship. Spain sends aid to the anti-Communist forces in the Netherlands. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria expands 5000 sq km south as part of the nationalistic campaign to become a great nation on the African continent. Military technology is brought in from Spain, as well as other things. The economic crisis begins to be fixed as Moulin begins to cut back on government spending. Meanwhile, the Berber Party continues to gain speed. They gain seats in the Algerian Senate, enough to challenge Moulin's Progressive majority.
    • Singapore also begins to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore also greatly benefits from the newly re-invigorated trade in the region. At the end of the General-Secretary's five year reconstruction plan, Singapore finds itself in a much better place, economically and socially. Singapore continues to accumulate wealth as a center of trade and all that nonsense.
  • Andea: The Nation of Andea rapidly expands its industry, with a growing call for labour rights. The average yearly wage increases to 1000 reals, and for the first time the government raises the minimum wage to 700 Reals per year. (for adults working full time jobs). The cost of living remains low, at roughly 2000 reals, with some areas having as low as 770 reals and as high as 12000 reals. City living becomes more popular, as more jobs emerge in the industrial sector of the economy. The cities of Chiribaya-Cuzco, Peru and Nazca all have populations Greater than one million. Cuzco now has a population greater than two million. New Burgandy also grows to a population of 600,000. The military stands at 550,000 men, with service remaining compulsory. Population continues to grow steadily, with the population standing at 64.9 Million and rising steadly. The telephone/communications industry continues to grow under a few large monopolies. This industry trend is not unique to, but most notable in the communications industry. The Hesperia First Party continues to gain political steam, while the Nationals and Republicans lose more and more power. The Republican Party wins the presidency and the Upper House of the Senate. The Communist and Socialist parties also see significant gains, gaining one seat each. The Hesperia First party gains 18 seats, and the Nationals lose 33 seats. The Navy expands rapidly, with the increase of Armored Cruisers and Greek fire. The Army also expands, with the adoption of the Galvin 3, an improved version of the Galvin Repeater. A new rifle, the Grant-Ramon Rifle, is adopted into the Andean military. Andea also begins to develop an interest in airplanes and airships, for both commercial and military use. Census results, combined with government estimates, place the number Andeans (Quechua, Mapuche or Mestizo) at 63% of the nations population, with the next largest group being Spanish (13%), French (9%), German (6%), East Asian (5%), and other (4%). Census results find that the fastest growing ethnic group is East Asian. We offer to sell supplies to both sides in the Northern War. Andea offers a trade deal to India, Military Technology for low priced cotton.
    • Protectorate of Cape Ferdinand: The Protectorate, now free of the Dutch, begins an expansion of its navy and military. An Andean garrison of 35,000 men is stationed in the territory, with an additional 5000 local troops. The territory remains a critical location for travel. Population stands at 105,000. An additional force of 50,000 men is stationed in the territory.
    • Protectorate of Sudafrica: With the end of the South African war, the nation comes into the Andean Sphere. The nation continues to rebuild and reform. Literacy rates improve, as does general health in the nation. more later.


  • In the Grand Union (Pskov), the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes wealthier and wealthier as more people get used to over one hundred years of Pskovian governance. The Uzvards-Glinka Firearms Co. releases a new more effective machine gun design, named the GUA-101. The Government begins replacing old GUA-91s with the newer 101 model. Many more Einzbern model-93s are produced for the armed forces in industrial plants. More electric power stations are built as cities are electrified. More Model-96 rifles are built for sniper units, as designers think on how to improve the semi-automatic model-93 design.After the Polish declaration of war, the economy is put into warmode. Kandisky's Project Icarus is repurposed for military, his first prototype, named Avia-7, is begining the process of its trasformation... The Supreme PRince announces the formation of a new Wing of the Military, the Grand Union Air Service, and he inducts 50 rigid airships as the innaugural members. The Navy begins to engage poland in the Baltic, decimating their outdated ironclads with the latest batleships. Soldiers begin to attack Polish positions, and the Supreme Prince takes to public stage, using radio towers and massive speakers to spread his rallying message "The Communists believe themselves the defenders of workers, but all they do is spread terror, they believe themselves the fighters against 'imperialism', but all they do is act in imperialist ways in the name of their 'revolution'. To them the ends justify the means, and they will stop at nothing until our free and democratic union of peoples will burn to the ground, and where your personal freedoms are nothing more than service to the state". So far a stalemente occurs in trenches, as GUA-101 macine guns spray incoming polish soldiers. Work begins immediately, and more funds are obtained. More stations are added to the Pskov Metro, and its success makes people think that underground railways would be good ideas in other cities, say like Vilnius, or Minsk. The Vilnus city council approves of an underground train system for public transit, and planning beigns this year, after succeses in Pskov. Use of wireless radio continues to grow. Colonies expand their maximum, about 40,000 each, I think. Many allies and Nations are called to defend the Grand Union, Including Rome, Germany, Spain, and any other Nation that values freedom over slavery. The Grand Union feels very betrayed at their allies, which abandoned it in its time of need. A general order is given to destroy any city before it is captured by the Communists. Minsk is burned to the ground after being evacuated in order not to give the Communists industrial buildings.
  • Commonwealth States of Bavaria, Austria, Venezia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Saxony, Swabia, and Bremen: The Augsburg Diet continues to operate, being able to pass universal female suffrage in 1896. In military news, Heinrik Paks allows his war ministers to arm the border of Bavaria and France, seeing as how war becomes more likely each passing day In political news, Felipe DiRegenati wins re-election in 1905, while Johann Mikelssen remains Governor-General of Commonwealth States. DiRegenati introduces a series of reforms targeting woman suffrage, pay equality, and worker's rights, which he will draft and present to the Diet over the course of his second term. In other news, with war almost certain in a few years, Mikelssen decides to continue arming Bavaria's border with France.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire is now at a period of peace and prosperity after a long period of war and uncertainty. Roman trade routes stretch across most of the world in the pursuit of wealth and trade goods and Roman military might remains a powerful force in Europe and other parts of the world. The Roman central government does what it can to address all of the issues of the various archonates within the Empire and ensure that their needs are met even as they help instill strength in the central government. Railroads are constructed around the nation to help connect the Empire and its peoples and steamships are used for much the same purpose on water. To further strengthen its position in Africa, the Roman government begins to make official claims in the Saharan desert north of Egypt's southern border. However, some in the Empire scoff at this, suggesting that the Empire is wasting its time claiming barren land and should focus on more resourceful areas of Africa, Asia or Europe. As European interest in Africa begins to heat up, Roman officials begin exploring possible resources or benefits from extended interaction with Madagascar, and trade and diplomats are directed there to assess the situation. Trade also expands with Hawaii, which becomes an impressive conduit of trade for Roman merchants and businesses. As such, the Empire takes an interest in Hawaii, but rather than try to annex it, as it is too far from Roman authority to do so, Roman officials instead would like to see a strong and friendly Hawaii. Weapons and officers are sent to Hawaii to help train their soldiers and protect their independence. The Roman Empire responds to the increased activity of Communist insurgency in other nations in Europe by adopting a more aggressive stance. Troops are sent to Gothia and Ruthenia to protect against potential Communist aggression from the north, and the Roman Empire begins making overtures towards Croatia, Transylvania and Vlachia to prepare their defences. The Roman Empire also deploys more troops to Italy to present a clear vanguard against potential aggression from Communist France or Lombardy, which is seen as soon falling to Communists while the Roman Empire is forbidden by treaty to intervene. The Roman Empire is concerned with the fall of the Tartary to the Communist hordes, and is particularly concerned that the Caliphate has aligned itself towards the hordes. Fears of being surrounded soon start to build up in the Roman government, and as a result the Roman government does what it can to help shore up its defenses both physical and diplomatic. The Roman Empire expands trade, industry and military training to members of the Holy League, hoping to create and re-inforce a stable and strong military alliance in the Empire's sphere of influence. The Roman Empire is forced to take drastic measures in recent years, as the expansion of Communism is considered unacceptable. Roman officials draft and generally pass Plan East, which calls for strengthening the Roman Empire's allies in the Holy League so they can protect the Roman Empire's flank while the Roman Empire concentrates on a potential eastern front. Military officers and engineers travel to Armenia, Georgia, Assyria, and Transylvania to train and improve those countries in all matters martial and industrial. The same goes for the Caliphate, hoping that the Caliphate would provide the crucial link in the chain for eastern defense. To further update the Empire's strength, the Roman Empire militarizes, and the Senate mandates that the Roman military be at a total size of 850,000 in peacetime and that a million man army must be able to be mobilized within a few weeks. Threats of Communism in Lombardy are too large to be ignored, so Roman forces militarize in Italy and pledge that no former treaty will hold Roman forces back if Lombardy becomes a clear threat. Remnants of the Vlachian government flee to the Roman Empire or Transylvania and call for intervention in Vlachia. Roman and Vlachian forces move in, securing the southern part of the country and stopping at the Wallachian-Moldavian border, as per the compromise between the Communists and Monarchists. Support for the true Vlachian government rises, and the Roman Empire provides the southern government the resources it needs to get itself back on its feet. To help stabilize its northern border, train cars full of weapons and ammo are sent to Croatia, hopefully to bolster that front. The war in Europe destablizes the current political system, and many are wondering what to do. The Imperial government is currently at a loss, yet prepares its military to ensure whatever action it takes is taken with force.
    • Tatar Empire: The fall of the Tartary is a huge surprise, and many officials fled to Roman lands. However, the Roman Empire was able to set up a puppet government claiming legitimacy from the remnants of the Tartary. The Tatar royal family is installed as the leaders of this puppet state, with much of the government based on that of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire does what it can to industrialize and modernize the puppet state, which effectively only controls the Black Sea coast. Effort is put entirely into the army, as there is no power that can challenge the might of the Roman navy in the Black Sea. Demoralized remnants of the Tartar Army along with volunteers are trained by Roman officers to help get the state back on its feet. 
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nation wide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The Franqi brothers begin experimenting with the idea of heavier-than-air flight, but the task is daunting and will take some time to perfect a flying device. They manage to create a working model which flies for several seconds. However, it isn't impressive enough and they continue their work.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started to be worked on.
  • People's Republic of Poland: General Secretary Sitko holds a speech announcing the country's success in the war against Pskov. Troops continue to move into the captured lands of Pskov and negotiations begin. HM Starek withdraws the navy, realizing that it isn't helping the war cause and if it's destroyed it could result in naval superiority for Pskov in the war. The PTP continues to secretly keep the nation calm during the war by spreading propaganda and such. Foreign Minister Dubanowski continues funding of peaceful Communist organizations in Czechia, Silesia, Slovakia, Croatia, North Romania, Ruthenia, and Prussia.
  • Empire of Lanka: The Lankan government focuses on industrialization. Accelerated industrialization in Lanka continues. The Edict of 1891 and Waardige Accord stay in effect. Dutch architecture, arts, and culture have had a permanent effect on Lankan culture, although Lankan culture still remains with its own identity. The army remains one of the most modern in Asia due to the permanent result of European military from the Dutch throughout the protectoratecy. As the populations move to the cities, more and more men are recruited in the Lankan army. The parliament enacts nationwide conscription to reform the military, requiring all able-bodied men above twenty-one need to have at least eight years in active service, following by three years in the reserves. As the populations move to the cities, more and more men are recruited in the Lankan army. The most recent census taken in 1860, accounts for 2,992,224 citizens. The trade ports on the island remain in heavy use with expansion of trade in Asia. Significant urbanization causes the cities of Waardige, Sri Jaywardenepura Kotte, Kandy, Kalmunai, and Galle, to be flooded with people. Waardige continues to be a trade, technological and industrial center in Asia. The complex Waardige canal system sees fall in use as more and more it becomes outdated due to changes in ships. The Island Spoorwegmaatschappij starts massive construction of railroads across the islands. Religion in the empire continues to be mixed with the three main religions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Dutch Reformist being worshipped on the main island while there are a few animist natives on Nava Kotte. The Lankan navy still holds warships that were supplied during the protectoratecy.The provincie system instituted in 1773 is changed to be less feudal and more bureaucratic, which basically turns them into an administrative division. The the title of the head of the provincie is changed from Count to Emperor's Commissioner. The King's Commissioner is also the head of the parliament (provinciale staten) in the provincie. Along with there being provinciale statens, a main parliament is also created. This main parliament will be assembled on the Emperor's command, and is used to decide issues, create public projects, and pass laws for the whole empire. Last year the emperor called the main parliament to discuss the issue of public education and the idea of the creating a constitution. The Emperor and the parliament passed the Compulsory Education Act of 1886, which states that education in Lanka for the ages of five to ten is compulsory. In elementary school the children learn Sinhala and Dutch (reading and writing) and basic mathematics. Also incorporated in this act is an edict against children working over thirteen hours a day. The emperor and parliament also created a constitution that officially set up the bureaucratic system. Last year parliament wanted to start to pursue a policy of faster industrialization, and to do this they passed the Edict of 1888 which abolished the caste system and slavery as well. Lankan industrial funding is used to build factories in the capital first, and then creating factories across major cities in the empire. To assist accelerated industrialization, Lanka tries to define its national unity. The government establishes the national language to be Sinhalese, and enforces this in schools. Buddhism continues to be the national religion and is inserted into the national curriculum. Lanka starts massively producing and exporting cigars (and other uses for tobacco), rubber, and mining diamonds and other precious gems. Galle continues to be fit by the Germans to build ironclads. Ironclads continue being purchased from the Germans. Lanka sends a very small amount of athletes to the Olympic Games of 1904, all of which are Sinhalese. Lanka signs an alliance and trade pact with Spain, and a separate trade pact is signed with India. Seeing international reactions on the Tamil language ban, the Emperor modifies the law in the Edict of 1904.The edict states that Tamil is allowed to be spoken everywhere, but only written in public places in Tamil majority areas, and on Tamil religious buildings.
  • Regency Republic of Britannia: The talks between the parliament and Devon Goddard are met with little success other than an agreement to tone down rhetoric from both sides due to the current political climate of Europe. This, however, has not prevented Goddard from releasing a revolutionary pamphlet advocating for Syndicalism called The Syndicalist Pamphlet which advocates for an extreme version of Syndicalism that borders on anarchy. Due to current working conditions, wage payments, and inflation, this pamphlet has little trouble getting popular with the masses, but due to agreements to tone down rhetoric, there is currently no active leader to condense these feelings of the common folk. Industry does begin to pick up, however, despite the inflation, with hopes that the increase in common goods will allow prices to fall. The Royal Officers Corp has recovered mostly with increased recruitment and graduates, allowing for perhaps a competant army now on its own. With the increase of the size of the Royal Officers Corp and now the size of the overall military, extra emphasis is being put on increasing the supplies in such things as guns, ammunition and uniforms.
    • Britannic Desircit: The colony begins its inland expasion again as supplies become more regulated as stability increases. With the increase of supplies and stability, industry begins to redevelop on the largest coastal cities, mainly focused on refining goods from other Britannic colonies. 
    • New Guerney: Sugar and coffee plantations are still the most popular for this colony, and continue to be a source of revenue. Though it lacks much heavy industry, it more than makes up for it in excessive shipments of raw goods. 
    • Britannic Afrika: Army/Econ turn.
  • Imperial Japan: Foreign Minister Riyu signs the Treaty of Midway, ushering a new era of peace and prosperity in the Pacific and results in an economic boom thanks to an increase in trade in the Pacific. We also observe the various wars that the world is falling into, and we prepare for a massive war by investing our new found money into a massive military build up as well as improving our economy by improving our trade routes/ Our condolensces go out to the dead Caliph. As the new century dawns, so does the new Empire of Japan with the implementation of the treaty of Beijing Japan. When Emperor Raijingusan was born the empire was a collection of Japan proper and a couple of ports, but now Japan is a shining empire in the Pacific, and is now considered a superpower in terms of vast greatness in not only territory, but also infrastructure, art, science, engineering literature, and education. The Emperor’s dream for Japan is fufilled, and as a result of the new century and new Japanese Empire there is a surge of nationalism. On the topic of literature, the book on the First-Sino Japanese War is published as well as the book “On the History of Japanese War history” and “On the History of Imperial Japan” is published. Emperor Rajiangstan himself attended New Munich, and noted “This city is a spectacular city, with lights gleaming over the fresh lakes, twinkling in the twilight, with the telephone that connects two voices from a far, and the kaleidoscope that has me see a beautiful rainbow of colors, indeed New Munich is a beacon upon a hill, and I hope Japan adopts the Borelian model of modernization.” The Emperor also returns to Tokyo, signs the Treaty of the Hague and the Treaty of Beijing, only to die, ushering an era of peace. “I was born, destined for something great, and something great I became, for I have made Japan the pinnacle of hope and light, sharing the greatness of the rising sun, to all four corners of the world. I may die today, but the Empire of Japan shall be eternal.” There is a massive memorial service held in Emperor Rajiangstan’s honor, and his first son, Emperor Heiwa to Han'ei, succeeds him, and begins to adopt the Borealian model of industrialization, trying to make Tokyo like New Munich.
  • Empire of Northern China: With the Signing of the Treaty of Beijing Manchuria and Northern China are merged, establishing the Empire of Northern China, with Emperor Wu, Emperor Rajiangstan’s second son, as Emperor. Major reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes, factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. Mining operations also continue. the Empire is also noted as one of the most diverse places in the Japanese Empire. We invest in developing the cities of Beijing and Tianjin. Emperor Waizu marries into the the Qing Dynasty, restoring the dynasty of the Manchu Empire of old.
  • Japanese Formosa: We invest in Formosa by implementing a massive railroad construction program as well as port construction to further the transportation of Formosa. We implement a program of both industry and agriculture in Formosa, with the industry being for Japan and the agriculture being for Formosa. We also make massive public education reform in Formosa. Industry also speeds up as a result of the wartime economy. Econ/mil turn. Industry is dedicated to the war.
  • Japanese Shanghai: We industrialize Shanghai and upgrade its port and infrastructure, including education. We have Shanghai specialize in shipbuilding and trading, making it a hub for trade in East Asia. We rapidly increase port building to make this city a hub for trade.
  • Northern Philippines: We welcome the former French Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war
  • Southern Philippines: We welcome the former Hamburgian Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war.
  • Japanese Siberia: We welcome the former Tartary territory into our empire and we begin an extensive program to rebuild the area after the war by expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, and factories. We also expan the economy of the area. Industry is dedicated to the war.
  • Jiangsu: Major rebuilding reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. We also construct a major irrigation system of Jiangsu and farm crops such as rice and wheat and make industry based on textiles and food and develop Shanghai and Nanking as important major cities.
  • Guangdong: We begin developing the infrastructure of Guangdong by implementing major reform, and we build railroads, factories, schools, hospitals, homes, ports, and cities. In order to fuel this, we focus on developing the ports in the Pearl Delta River region making them a hub for trade in the Pacific. We open the Pearl River Delta to other nations in the Pacific and are willing to make a trade deal with them.

1906

An earthquake devastates southern Emeraldie and a tsunami soon afterwards wrecks the coast.

A powerful earthquake damages much of San Francisco, killing thousands.

The fall of the Grand Union to Communism and the French invasion of the Congo spreads fear in many non-Communist nations. Communist parties are spied on, outlawed, or imprisioned. Some more authoritarian nations round Communists up and execute them. Citizens everywhere demand that their nation cut off relations with Communist nations.

The fall of Pskov, a regional finance center, sparks a local economic recession in the Baltic.

Syrian Communists and rebels, although few in number, begin causing trouble in Roman Syria along the Roman-Assyrian border.

Dutch Communists spark a coup, forcing the royal family and government to flee to Luxembourg, requesting German protection and aid against the Communists. The Communist faction stomps out most of the resistance in the Dutch Homeland, and requests French aid in the coming civil war. Regardless of the responses, both sides prepare for conflict.

Ruthenians riot in the streets of Kiev, accusing their government of selling itself out to the Russians who had only recently invaded them.

  • Commonwealth Kingdoms of Hamburg, Hanover, Prussia, Westphalia, Rhineland, Kuba, and the non-incorporated Kingdom of New Rugia: New Mecklenburg, New Lüneburg, Kameroon and German West Africa expand by 750 px each. With the fall of the Netherlands to Communism, Emperor Mary gives an impassioned speech to the Marystadt Diet, saying "it is time we cease our policy of non-interference, hoping that the scourge of Communism will go away on its own. Like an infestation, if you don't act, it will only spread. Also like an infestation, it will not end until you kill every last one." She ends her speech with a call for the Diet to approve any and all support for the legitimate Dutch government it is willing to. Meanwhile, an arctic expedition discover an archipelago (otl Franz Joseph Land) and claim it for Germany, naming it the Güstrow Islands.
  • Indian Empire: Queen Farah Shah was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 331,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Bengal, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 68.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000 and a major port and naval base was constructed at Mahmudpur, with 25% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights.
    • Khedivate of Punjab: The Capital of Punjab was Lahore and the population was 48.8 million. The Punjabi military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Punjabs exports as well. About the same time, the Punjabi rock-salt, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 38.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Aceh, Mauritius, Tromelin and Reunion.
  • Imperial Japan: Foreign Minister Riyu signs the Treaty of Midway, ushering a new era of peace and prosperity in the Pacific and results in an economic boom thanks to an increase in trade in the Pacific. We also observe the various wars that the world is falling into, and we prepare for a massive war by investing our new found money into a massive military build up as well as improving our economy by improving our trade routes/ Our condolensces go out to the dead Caliph. As the new century dawns, so does the new Empire of Japan with the implementation of the treaty of Beijing Japan. When Emperor Raijingusan was born the empire was a collection of Japan proper and a couple of ports, but now Japan is a shining empire in the Pacific, and is now considered a superpower in terms of vast greatness in not only territory, but also infrastructure, art, science, engineering literature, and education. The Emperor’s dream for Japan is fufilled, and as a result of the new century and new Japanese Empire there is a surge of nationalism. On the topic of literature, the book on the First-Sino Japanese War is published as well as the book “On the History of Japanese War history” and “On the History of Imperial Japan” is published. Emperor Rajiangstan himself attended New Munich, and noted “This city is a spectacular city, with lights gleaming over the fresh lakes, twinkling in the twilight, with the telephone that connects two voices from a far, and the kaleidoscope that has me see a beautiful rainbow of colors, indeed New Munich is a beacon upon a hill, and I hope Japan adopts the Borelian model of modernization.” The Emperor also returns to Tokyo, signs the Treaty of the Hague and the Treaty of Beijing, only to die, ushering an era of peace. “I was born, destined for something great, and something great I became, for I have made Japan the pinnacle of hope and light, sharing the greatness of the rising sun, to all four corners of the world. I may die today, but the Empire of Japan shall be eternal.” There is a massive memorial service held in Emperor Rajiangstan’s honor, and his first son, Emperor Heiwa to Han'ei, succeeds him, and begins to adopt the Borealian model of industrialization, trying to make Tokyo like New Munich. Following the massive Anti-Communist surge in our nation we cut all ties with all Communist nations and we round up Communists within our nation and deport them to Japanese and Russian Siberia. We also condemn the actions of the People's Republic of Sichuan.
  • The Union of Borealia thanks Japan for its cooperation by sending the Emperor a marble bust of Habel Sterns, the man responsible for opening trade with Japan 50 years ago.
  • Empire of Northern China: With the Signing of the Treaty of Beijing Manchuria and Northern China are merged, establishing the Empire of Northern China, with Emperor Wu, Emperor Rajiangstan’s second son, as Emperor. Major reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes, factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. Mining operations also continue. the Empire is also noted as one of the most diverse places in the Japanese Empire. We invest in developing the cities of Beijing and Tianjin. Emperor Waizu marries into the the Qing Dynasty, restoring the dynasty of the Manchu Empire of old.
  • Japanese Formosa: We invest in Formosa by implementing a massive railroad construction program as well as port construction to further the transportation of Formosa. We implement a program of both industry and agriculture in Formosa, with the industry being for Japan and the agriculture being for Formosa. We also make massive public education reform in Formosa. Industry also speeds up as a result of the wartime economy. Econ/mil turn. Industry is dedicated to the war.
  • Japanese Shanghai: We industrialize Shanghai and upgrade its port and infrastructure, including education. We have Shanghai specialize in shipbuilding and trading, making it a hub for trade in East Asia. We rapidly increase port building to make this city a hub for trade.
  • Northern Philippines: We welcome the former French Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war
  • Southern Philippines: We welcome the former Hamburgian Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war.
  • Japanese Siberia: We welcome the former Tartary territory into our empire and we begin an extensive program to rebuild the area after the war by expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, and factories. We also expan the economy of the area. Industry is dedicated to the war.
  • Jiangsu: Major rebuilding reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. We also construct a major irrigation system of Jiangsu and farm crops such as rice and wheat and make industry based on textiles and food and develop Shanghai and Nanking as important major cities.
  • Guangdong: We begin developing the infrastructure of Guangdong by implementing major reform, and we build railroads, factories, schools, hospitals, homes, ports, and cities. In order to fuel this, we focus on developing the ports in the Pearl Delta River region making them a hub for trade in the Pacific. We open the Pearl River Delta to other nations in the Pacific and are willing to make a trade deal with them.
  • Mexaca continues to recover from the civil war, and begins modernization to help the empire grow in strength.
  • Ruthenia: The Progressive Party, the party that approved the war with Pskov, is voted out of the Ruthenian Parliament in droves. The somewhat more anti-Communist Conservative Party is elected en-mass. The first action of the new government is to order that all Communists are peacably detained until they can swear an oath to Ruthenia or be deported to Russia or Poland. This is done as peacably as possible to avoid any Juror action in Ruthenia. As anti-Communist as the Ruthenian public has become they still don't want to form lynch mobs. The new Ruthenian government promises that this is the last time Ruthenian soldiers would fight on the same side as Communists. The Ruthenian government declares neutrality in any upcoming European wars. The rioters not placated by the change in government and the promise to remain neutral are arrested on charges of inciting mass violence. The Worker's Party leadership makes statements criticizing the move to detain communists, though most Worker's Party members aren't detained as their ideology barely has any commonality with Communism anymore. On the other hand they praise the new government's quick thinking in stopping the riots. The members of the Worker's Party not in government custody rename their party the "Labor Party", eliminating the explicit connection to Communism. The Ruthenian government outlaws all political parties dependent on foreign funding. This means the Communist organizations being funded by Poland. These organizations are broken up and the members detained or deported back to Poland. The industrial development resumes after the economy is returned to a civilian state, and research on airships also resumes.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to tensions rising in Europe. Factories mostly make weapons for our military. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continue increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges, and banks. We open our borders to all people that are fleeing from nations that are falling to communism.
  • France: Military buildup and economic expansion continue under the new Ten-Year Plan. As the Kongo War drags on, we begin to focus all available units in the region to engage the Scandinavian military. However, while this occurs, we offer to provide the Netherlands the necessary aid by sending in advisors, military units to train them and supplies to help them in the coming civil war. However, should the Netherlands fail or Germany intervene, the invoking of the People's Entente may be necessary. While this occurs, some of our generals propose testing scout planes in flight above Luxemburg to scout hostile positions that Dutch Communist forces can use. Meanwhile, France decides to recognize Emeraldie as a sovereign independent state, and as a successor to the French Monarchy to reduce tensions in the Borelia and Hesperia. The crackdowns continue, while factories continue to be constructed and existing ones modernized. In scientific news, the first synthetic plastic are created by Laurentine Armistead, which had been named Lauretinite. She also coins in the term "plastics" in her scientific paper in regards to the new material. This is hailed as an advancement in materials science.
    • Indian Diplomacy: The Indian Empire rejects the French offer, refusing to pay 19 million Francs for Seychelles. The Indian Empire shall not pay a price greater than a million Francs and demands that the French Republic refrain from putting forward such hefty prices for a minor island.
  • Romania: In Moldavia and Dobruja, we begin agricultural industrialisation. We build more factories in our nation. More collectivisation occurs. Tractors begin to be used in farms. We export many agricultural goods to our Communist allies. We take many industrial machinery from Pskov and ship them back to Romania.
  • Commonwealth States of Bavaria, Austria, Venezia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Saxony, Swabia, and Bremen: The Augsburg Diet continues to operate, being able to pass universal female suffrage in 1896. In military news, Johann Mikelssen allows his war ministers to arm the border of Bavaria and France, seeing as how war becomes more likely each passing day In political news, Felipe DiRegenati wins re-election in 1905, while Johann Mikelssen remains Governor-General of Commonwealth States. DiRegenati introduces a series of reforms targeting woman suffrage, pay equality, and worker's rights, which he will draft and present to the Diet over the course of his second term. In other news, with war almost certain in a few years, Mikelssen decides to continue arming Bavaria's border with France. With the continual arming of the Bavaro-French border, things take a turn for the worse when Communists seize the Dutch government, forcing the Dutch monarchy southwards to Luxembourg. Both Chancellor DiRegenati and Governor-General Mikelssen pledge support for the non-Communist Dutch government and monarchy. DiRegenati takes matters into his own hands, contacting the regional Luxembourger leadership as well as the exiled King, asking that Germany have military access to the Netherlands, in an effort to protect citizens and government officials from Communist agents, as well as to keep watch on the Dutch-French border [mod response]. DiRegenati very heavily stresses that this military access will not be an occupation or annexation, merely a placement of troops inside the region. In other news, DiRegenati introduces his first reform bill to the Diet, a bill which would legalize universal female suffrage all across Germany.
  • Borealia Flag 2Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Kinetescopes become more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. The grenade is invented this year. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin to be built off of the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. Support continues to be given to the Republican rebels in China . The Second Winter War, also known as the Norse Colonial War, ends triumphantly this year with the complete annexation of Helluland by Algonquia. The people of New Vienna rejoice at this final fulfillment of the New Munich Declaration. Things are not so joyful in San Francisco, however. Many families are torn apart by the devastating earthquake which levels the industrial sector, and kills over 1,500 people including half of the Reformist Church. This figure is less than half, however, of the estimated casualties that might have been if not for the city's preparations. Schmitt himself, who died in the process of saving children from falling rubble, is posthumously awarded the highest honor by the Curia, and all the remaining members of the Reformist Church are made national heroes. Thousands begin flocking to their congregations.
    • The State of Australia: The ports continue to be expanded and the new city of Dandiri is built on the Pacific Coast. As more businesses are taken up by Muslim natives, the German colonists begin migrating to the new communities farther inland. Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. An irrigation program continues to be designed, with the hopes of aiding settlements in the outback. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. The Borealian navy begins convoying many of its armed forces to Australia which are no longer needed on the continent.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: The colony grows greatly this year with added territory purchased from the French at 14 million Francs. Much of the technical labor force is replaced with French colonists. A lumber company is built to complement the mining company already existing. 
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science.
  • Morocco: The Sultanate of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up its military, mainly the army and navy. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and the population continues to grow by adding 500,000 people every year, as the Moroccan government wanted to grow population more faster to protect nation from Spanish invaders as of Moroccan Population Growing Act is signed. The population of Morocco now stands at 13 million people, while the number of military troops stands at 180,000 soldiers. Number of ships active in Moroccan Navy stands at 40 ironclad ships, 14 frigates, seven cruisers and ten destroyers. The nation expands by 4000 px per year to keep it stronger and independent, with a few new cities being built. Morocco declares war on two various West African countries as Second Moroccan Colonial War in Africa, invade it with 40,000 soldiers. Roads and railroads are built between old and new cities. Fewer schools, museums, colleges and more houses, hospitals, power plants and mining plants are built. The mining plants produces materials coal, iron and now gold and copper, which later used as products from industries. Industry continues improving and few factories are built along in cities, creating jobs for people of Morocco. The telephone/communications and mosaics industries continue to grow under a few large monopolies. A few docks and mosques are built. The Moroccan Navy continues building a series of armored destroyers, cruisers and cargo ships which destroyers later added to Moroccan Navy and cargo ships are for trade and for future tensions. Trade with various major European powers decides economic boom of Morocco and Morocco's largest exports are mosaics and largest imports are mostly food. Artillery becomes more widely used in combat and some industries continues building a series of wartime artillery, which later added it to Moroccan Armed Forces. Meanwhile, few new trains are produced and one new railway line is opened in service. Sultan Abdelaziz continues to plan new reforms for Morocco and continues investing heavily in technology and science. Morocco continue improving relations with Roman Empire, Spain and France to seek friendly alliances in future. (Undo ships and soldiers sending to GUK West Africa and undo this war last year.) Once the Remans prove its first fight in six years ago, the Moroccans begins to prove its first fight in Africa. Here in Zouérat, the brothers Wizgiligat inventing and builds the world's third successful airplane on 4 February 1906, as a result, the first military airplane was more so successful with machine gun on. Also in newly built University of Ouarzazate in Ouarzazate, scientists test the very early first tank to start up, but later didn't work and now scrapped. A new tank test is estimated to be held on University of Rabat in Rabat. In the last ten years, four new universities are built in cities Quarzazate (1896), Tetouan (1899), Safi (1902) and El-Aaiún (1905).
  • Absolutely not. You are not that advanced, no one is. -MP
  • Andea: The Nation of Andea rapidly expands its industry, with a growing call for labour rights. The average yearly wage increases to 1000 reals, and for the first time the government raises the minimum wage to 700 Reals per year. (for adults working full time jobs). The cost of living remains low, at roughly 2000 reals, with some areas having as low as 770 reals and as high as 12000 reals. City living becomes more popular, as more jobs emerge in the industrial sector of the economy. The cities of Chiribaya-Cuzco, Peru and Nazca all have populations Greater than one million. Cuzco now has a population greater than two million. New Burgandy also grows to a population of 600,000. The military stands at 550,000 men, with service remaining compulsory. Population continues to grow steadily, with the population standing at 64.9 Million and rising steadly. The telephone/communications industry continues to grow under a few large monopolies. This industry trend is not unique to, but most notable in the communications industry. The Hesperia First Party continues to gain political steam, while the Nationals and Republicans lose more and more power. The Republican Party wins the presidency and the Upper House of the Senate. The Communist and Socalist parties also see significant gains, gaining one seat each. The Hesperia First party gains 18 seats, and the Nationals lose 33 seats. The Navy expands rapidly, with the increase of Armored Cruisers and Greek fire. The navy constructs its first dreadnought, and the navy orders three more for the end of the year. The Army also expands, with the adoption of the Galvin 3, an improved version of the Galvin Repeater. A new rifle, the Grant-Ramon Rifle, is adopted into the Andean military. Andea also begins to develop an interest in Airplanes and Airships, for both commercial and military use. Census results, combined with government estimates, place the number Andeans (Quechua, Mapuche or Mestizo) at 63% of the nations population, with the next largest group being Spanish (13%), French (9%), German (6%), East Asian (5%), and other (4%). Census results find that the fastest growing ethnic group is East Asian. We offer to sell supplies to both sides in the Northern War. Andea offers a trade deal to India, Military Technology for low priced cotton. 
    • Protectorate of Cape Ferdinand: The Protectorate, now free of the Dutch, begins an expansion of its navy and military. An Andean garrison of 35,000 men is stationed in the territory, with an additional 5000 local troops. The territory remains a critical location for travel. Population stands at 105,000. An additional force of 50,000 men is stationed in the territory.
    • Protectorate of Sudafrica: With the End of the South African war, the nation comes into the Andean Sphere. The nation continues to rebuild and reform. Literacy rates improve, as does general health in the nation. more later.
    • Indian Diplomacy: We accept
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: The nation's first Furchtennichts ship is completed this year. The government Pledges monetary and materiel support to the Dutch monarchy in line with a similar Bavarian offer. Brother Friederich Schuhmacher and his multitude of supporters are disappointed at his lack of success in the Chancellor election. However, the old friar has a few surprises in store yet. Duke Christian VII appoints him a Knight of the Order of the Seraphim, Oldenburg's highest honour. In other political news, the OHG, industrialists and nobility officially form their own party to counter the Catholic-Socialist ruling coalition. Their new party, the Conservatives, run on a staunchly pro-business, anti-communist platform. Later in the year, the Premier (leader of the Catholic Bloc) dies in a freak croquet accident. Hoping to maintain the appeal of the CB in the light of the new competition from the Conservatives, the Bloc elects the popular Br Friederich as their leader, and thereby also the Premier. Brother Friederich (the now) Ritter von Schuhmacher is sworn in by the duke, whose health has been gradually deteriorating. In other news, a small group of settler families move to Christiandorf in Svalbard to cement Oldenburg's claims to the islands.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: Recognises Algonquia's recent territorial expansion. Economy improves.
  • Spain continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the burgeoning growth of the economy, new jobs created in the five major cities led to more people moving to the cities. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain begins to mass troops along the border with France and increases patrols around the entire coast of Spain. Spain continues to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready battleships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. The Batman takes down the Red Hood, a major symbolic defeat in the war against communism. The Bautista government silently approves of anti-communist vigilantes, putting the brakes on Lluc Lopez's anti-Superman campaign. Carlo Ferreira continues to develop aeroplanes and makes great advances. The Spanish government condemns the communist nations. Spain continues to seek out dissenters in communist France to weaken the French government's strength. Spain proposes the formation of an anti-communist league. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 px north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 px. Croats in Dahomey retain their rights. Dahomey expands 8000 px into the interior of Africa. The Statue of  Liberty is gifted to Borealia. Spain sends aid to the anti-communist forces in the Netherlands. The Bautista government, as part of its hardline anti-communist stance, approves the creation of a massive defensive buildup along the northern border of Spain. This defense mechanism becomes known as the Vega Line, after its creator Zorio Vega. Commander Juan Nieves is the commander of the entire line. The way across the Pyrenees is blocked off and crossing the border from either side is declared illegal. The Vega Line becomes the most fortified military installlation in the world. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
  • The Union of Borealia thanks Spain for the Statue of Liberty, and returns the favor by sending a marble bust of Peter Lasuen, the man responsible for opening relations to Aragon 100 years ago.
    • Algeria expands 5000 sq km south as part of the nationalistic campaign to become a great nation on the African continent. Military technology is brought in from Spain, as well as other things. The Berbers continue to gain great power in government and force the Moulin government to pay attention to them. Moulin is ousted as Prime Minister and he is succeeded by Tristan Fabran.
    • Singapore also begins to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore also greatly benefits from the newly re-invigorated trade in the region. Singapore continues to accumulate wealth as a center of trade and all that nonsense.
  • Peoples Republic of China: With support for the Communists in the ROC greatly reduced due to recent events, we resort to our spies attacking members of all major parties on the right of the spectrum in the ROC. We "accidentally" send some of our troops into Tibetan areas. Propaganda campaigns begin in order to crush the anti-communist uprisings that have grown in power. One of our scientists theroises a "huge moving metal vehicle with a cannon protruding from the front of it capable of crushing our enemies" which will be the inspiration for tanks later on. We finish our military buildup.
  • Russia: Russian Unification at last! Over a Million troops come home to military parades. But just like that, the cheer goes to mourning, as the Grand Chairman of the revolution himself dies of medical complications. Dimitri Polunin Is elected new Premier of the Russian Socialist Workers Party. He continues the naval plans, but begins to enact industrial plans as well to help modernize the nation. He also declares a period of Semi-Isolation and Socialism in One Country, and begins to try and make amends with now strictly anti-communist nations like Ruthenia and the Caliphate, whose armies we habve shed blood with in the past. The military and navy continue to grow, however, for defense. The former Anti-Juror Action becomes a reserve army enacted only for guerrilla warfare for the defense of the nation. In newly liberated Pleskov, work on a massive statue of Ayernov begins, earning the name "The Statue of Equality". St Patriksburg is renamed Ayernovgrad The nobility of the territory is plundered for their money, and the working class experiences a high rise in living conditions now that the chains of imperialism have been ripped off. Work on the Trans-Siberian Railroad continues.
    • People's Republic of The Tartary: We mourn the fallen Chairman and celebrate the victory against the imperialists. Military and Infrastructure.
  • Ethiopian Empire: We hold the first "East African Fair", and invite the Caliphate and Roman Egypt to attend the next one. During the heyday of the first fair, a street merchant mixes his heated waffles with another merchant's chilled milk (also known as Ice Cream). He calls it the "Flavor Cylinder", and the idea immediately spreads throughout the entire world (I invented a circular version of the Ice Cream Cone).
  • The Caliphate drastically improves infrastructure, industry and economy. As we seek to protect our possessions, we become less expansionist into foreign cultures and lands. We continue westernization efforts espsically in urban, developed regions, such as Baghdad. As with every year, we maintain our two Holy cities and donate a small amount of our income to charity, espsically to the poor: beggars, widows, and more of the like. We maintain our military, but the military becomes less emphizied with the signing of the pan-Asian pact, which protects the Caliphate from any foreign invasion and threats. We improve relations with the Afghans, hoping to bring them into the Pact in the near future. With the death of Caliph Hakeem bin Malik many of our young citizens call him the "Magnificent", specifically for his republican reforms, implementing the Shura. With the westernization and increasing democratic power, we begin, on a small scale, implementing railroads, espcially connecting urban cities and regions. We also begin construction of a small scale Ironclad fleet, as there is no need for a large, because of the protection of India and Japan. With the full implementation and the construction of roads, postal service, railroads, transportation and news travels faster than ever, allowing the unity of the Caliphate. We begin to encourage urban cities sto start developing their own newspapers, as along with the arrival of radios into the Caliphate, due to the Westernization Effort. We continue to support the idea of the Caliphate as a pan-Islamic state, not Pan-Arabic. The Government completely reforms, seeking Hakeem's dream of a truly democratic Caliphate. A new office is created: Sultan. The Caliph becomes only the religious leader of the Caliphate, with the Sultan being elected from the Shura. The Caliphate begins to become federalized, with every province of the Caliphate holding a small amount of power. We continue to attempt to convert Shia Muslims, even bribing local religious leaders to begin to teach Sunni beliefs. We hold a large, but minor treaty at Isfahan, dealing with the selling and  Creation of African colonies. Covetly, we support the Syrian, Muslim rebels in the Levant. [Inf/Eco]
  • Emeraldie: New construction starts on the nation's ports, farms and mines to increase the nation's exports and economic strength. The land forces is reorganised to include 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces occur. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies, the transnational railway is completed. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. Work continues on construction of the Emerald Canal (current estimates show it will be completed by 1914) and vast expansion of oil production begins after the government provides subsidies to entrepreneurs. With the booming economy, the government begins investing heavily in education and infrastructure. In other new the first domestically produced cars are built, with companies taking advantage of the growing petrol supply. With the recent tsunami all government efforts are directed to the relief and rebuilding effort.
  • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: A legislative parliament is created to take care of local issues. The South Pacific station is expanded with new modern ships. The territory government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 3200 men. Military in the region is used to support the relief and rebuilding effort.
  • Regency Republic of Britannia: With the coming civil war and forced abdication of the Dutch royal family by the Communists, the Parliament led by Oswold Chaddock and his Conservatives party, in fear of the same happening in Britannia, only with a Syndicalist uprising as opposed to a communist one, draft and pass the Britannic Sedition Act of 1906. This newly created act makes it illegal to openly protest the government in such way that implies violent action. Using this new law, the military forces of Britannia go about arresting lower and more regional leaders of the Syndicalists, claiming that their intent to create a Syndicalist government would involve the possible violent removal of Parliament (As per the Syndicalist Pamphlet), and therefore counts as an implication of violent action. However, due to disgruntlment and protests from these arrests, Devon Goddard, the author of the Syndicalist Pamphlet, and leader of its movement in Britannia, is not arrest due to internal fears that it would spark a rebellion. 
    • Britannic Desircit: The colony begins its inland expasion again as supplies become more regulated as stability increases. With the increase of supplies and stability, industry begins to redevelop on the largest coastal cities, mainly focused on refining goods from other Britannic colonies. 
    • New Guerney: Sugar and coffee plantations are still the most popular for this colony, and continue to be a source of revenue. Though it lacks much heavy industry, it more than makes up for it in excessive shipments of raw goods. 
    • Britannic Afrika: Army/Econ turn.
  • Empire of Lanka: The Lankan government focuses on industrialization. Accelerated industrialization in Lanka continues. The Edict of 1891 and Waardige Accord stay in effect. Dutch architecture, arts, and culture have had a permanent effect on Lankan culture, although Lankan culture still remains with its own identity. The army remains one of the most modern in Asia due to the permanent result of European military from the Dutch throughout the protectoratecy. As the populations move to the cities, more and more men are recruited in the Lankan army. The parliament enacts nationwide conscription to reform the military, requiring all able-bodied men above twenty-one need to have at least eight years in active service, following by three years in the reserves. As the populations move to the cities, more and more men are recruited in the Lankan army. The most recent census taken in 1860, accounts for 2,992,224 citizens. The trade ports on the island remain in heavy use with expansion of trade in Asia. Significant urbanization causes the cities of Waardige, Sri Jaywardenepura Kotte, Kandy, Kalmunai, and Galle, to be flooded with people. Waardige continues to be a trade, technological and industrial center in Asia. The complex Waardige canal system sees fall in use as more and more it becomes outdated due to changes in ships. The Island Spoorwegmaatschappij starts massive construction of railroads across the islands. Religion in the empire continues to be mixed with the three main religions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Dutch Reformist being worshipped on the main island while there are a few animist natives on Nava Kotte. The Lankan navy still holds warships that were supplied during the protectoratecy.The provincie system instituted in 1773 is changed to be less feudal and more bureaucratic, which basically turns them into an administrative division. The the title of the head of the provincie is changed from Count to Emperor's Commissioner. The King's Commissioner is also the head of the parliament (provinciale staten) in the provincie. Along with there being provinciale statens, a main parliament is also created. This main parliament will be assembled on the Emperor's command, and is used to decide issues, create public projects, and pass laws for the whole empire. Last year the emperor called the main parliament to discuss the issue of public education and the idea of the creating a constitution. The Emperor and the parliament passed the Compulsory Education Act of 1886, which states that education in Lanka for the ages of five to ten is compulsory. In elementary school the children learn Sinhala and Dutch (reading and writing) and basic mathematics. Also incorporated in this act is an edict against children working over thirteen hours a day. The emperor and parliament also created a constitution that officially set up the bureaucratic system. Last year parliament wanted to start to pursue a policy of faster industrialization, and to do this they passed the Edict of 1888 which abolished the caste system and slavery as well. Lankan industrial funding is used to build factories in the capital first, and then creating factories across major cities in the empire. To assist accelearted industrialization, Lanka tries to define its national unity. The government establishes the national language to be Sinhalese, and enforces this in schools. Buddhism continues to be the national religion and is inserted into the national curriculum. Lanka starts massively producing and exporting cigars (and other uses for tobacco), rubber, and mining diamonds and other precious gems. Galle continues to be fit by the Germans to build ironclads. Ironclads continue being purchased from the Germans. Lanka sends a very small amount of athletes to the Olympic Games of 1904, all of which are Sinhalese. Lanka signs an alliance and trade pact with Spain, and a separate trade pact is signed with India. Seeing international reactions on the Tamil language ban, the Emperor modifies the law in the Edict of 1904.The edict states that Tamil is allowed to be spoken everywhere, but only written in public places in Tamil majority areas, and on Tamil religious buildings. The Empire begins to modernize its military by purchasing weapons from Japan and Rome, and specifically the Maxim Gun from India.
  • People's Republic of Poland: General Secretary Sitko makes a speech in the capital of Ludzigród, congratulating the country for its recent victory against Pskov. The General Secretary incorporates Lithuania and the parts of Belarussia that were ceded to Poland, putting them under temporary semi-autonomous administrative control to help the grow accustomed to communist rule. He also starts a quick Five Year Plan to remodel the economies of Belarussia and Lithuania according to the ideals and principles of Jakkopism-Ayernovism. Belarussia is officially renamed Bialorosja, the Polish name for the region, and Grodno is declared capital of the new District. Lithuania is renamed Litwa, and Wilno, formerly Vilnius, is declared the capital of the new District. Peace talks continue about what is to be done with the territory formerly consisting of Latvia and Estonia. HM Starek withdraws half the army now that the war is over, taking the army down to general peacetime levels. The remaining 330,000 troops stay in the lands ceded, maintaining peace. Strict rules are placed upon the army to protect the citizens of the new lands that were given to Poland, even in encouraging and rewarding soldiers who help the people. Foreign Minister Dubanowski deems this new trend of fear of communists in foreign countries the "Red Scare". The Foreign Ministers promotes the view to other countries that communism is not harmful and does not wish to cause any harm. He also continues funding of peaceful communist organizations in Czechia, Silesia, Slovakia, Croatia, North Romania, and Prussia.
  • Algonquia continues to float in the limbo of uncertainty as the Winter War continues, with its result still unknown. Meanwhile, the navy continues to be upgraded in the safe haven of the closed St. Lawrence. Also, new Sachemates are incorporated, several of which, populated by the matriarchal Iroquois, have female Sachems.
    • Sahtudene expands the max amount.
    • Lukaian continues to expand its economy.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire is now at a period of peace and prosperity after a long period of war and uncertainty. Roman trade routes stretch across most of the world in the pursuit of wealth and trade goods and Roman military might remains a powerful force in Europe and other parts of the world. The Roman central government does what it can to address all of the issues of the various archonates within the Empire and ensure that their needs are met even as they help instill strength in the central government. Railroads are constructed around the nation to help connect the Empire and its peoples and steamships are used for much the same purpose on water. To further strengthen its position in Africa, the Roman government begins to make official claims in the Saharan desert north of Egypt's southern border. However, some in the Empire scoff at this, suggesting that the Empire is wasting its time claiming barren land and should focus on more resourceful areas of Africa, Asia or Europe. As European interest in Africa begins to heat up, Roman officials begin exploring possible resources or benefits from extended interaction with Madagascar, and trade and diplomats are directed there to assess the situation. Trade also expands with Hawaii, which becomes an impressive conduit of trade for Roman merchants and businesses. As such, the Empire takes an interest in Hawaii, but rather than try to annex it, as it is too far from Roman authority to do so, Roman officials instead would like to see a strong and friendly Hawaii. Weapons and officers are sent to Hawaii to help train their soldiers and protect their independence. The Roman Empire responds to the increased activity of Communist insurgency in other nations in Europe by adopting a more aggressive stance. Troops are sent to Gothia and Ruthenia to protect against potential Communist aggression from the north, and the Roman Empire begins making overtures towards Croatia, Transylvania and Vlachia to prepare their defences. The Roman Empire also deploys more troops to Italy to present a clear vanguard against potential aggression from Communist France or Lombardy, which is seen as soon falling to Communists while the Roman Empire is forbidden by treaty to intervene. The Roman Empire is concerned with the fall of the Tartary to the Communist hordes, and is particularly concerned that the Caliphate has aligned itself towards the hordes. Fears of being surrounded soon start to build up in the Roman government, and as a result the Roman government does what it can to help shore up its defenses both physical and diplomatic. The Roman Empire expands trade, industry and military training to members of the Holy League, hoping to create and re-inforce a stable and strong military alliance in the Empire's sphere of influence. The Roman Empire is forced to take drastic measures in recent years, as the expansion of Communism is considered unacceptable. Roman officials draft and generally pass Plan East, which calls for strengthening the Roman Empire's allies in the Holy League so they can protect the Roman Empire's flank while the Roman Empire concentrates on a potential eastern front. Military officers and engineers travel to Armenia, Georgia, Assyria, and Transylvania to train and improve those countries in all matters martial and industrial. The same goes for the Caliphate, hoping that the Caliphate would provide the crucial link in the chain for eastern defense. To further update the Empire's strength, the Roman Empire militarizes, and the Senate mandates that the Roman military be at a total size of 850,000 in peacetime and that a million man army must be able to be mobilized within a few weeks. Threats of Communism in Lombardy are too large to be ignored, so Roman forces militarize in Italy and pledge that no former treaty will hold Roman forces back if Lombardy becomes a clear threat. Remnants of the Vlachian government flee to the Roman Empire or Transylvania and call for intervention in Vlachia. Roman and Vlachian forces move in, securing the southern part of the country and stopping at the Wallachian-Moldavian border, as per the compromise between the Communists and Monarchists. Support for the true Vlachian government rises, and the Roman Empire provides the southern government the resources it needs to get itself back on its feet. To help stabilize its northern border, train cars full of weapons and ammo are sent to Croatia, hopefully to bolster that front. The rebel Syrians are seen as an annoyance, and as such local forces are tasked with putting them down.
    • Tatar Empire: The fall of the Tartary is a huge surprise, and many officials fled to Roman lands. However, the Roman Empire was able to set up a puppet government claiming legitimacy from the remnants of the Tartary. The Tatar royal family is installed as the leaders of this puppet state, with much of the government based on that of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire does what it can to industrialize and modernize the puppet state, which effectively only controls the Black Sea coast. Effort is put entirely into the army, as there is no power that can challenge the might of the Roman navy in the Black Sea. Demoralized remnants of the Tartar Army along with volunteers are trained by Roman officers to help get the state back on its feet. 
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nation wide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The Franqi brothers begin experimenting with the idea of heavier-than-air flight, but the task is daunting and will take some time to perfect a flying device. They manage to create a working model which flies for several seconds. However, it isn't impressive enough and they continue their work.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started to be worked on.

1907

In Georgia, members of the Communist Party of Georgia storm several government buildings including the Parliament. Local police and the military storm the buildings attempting to rescue government officials. In the aftermath, 17 Communists are killed or executed, along with three police and five government officials or MPs. 

Riots break out in Russia by Tatar and other Turkish ethnicities. protesting what they see as the occupation of their country and being ruled by a slavic minority who forces them into wars they don't believe in. The riots spread south in the Tatar Rump State. In Siberia, local Turks bomb a rail station, shutting down the Trans-Siberian railroad for nearly a week. 

  • Indian Empire: Queen Farah Shah was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 331,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Bengal, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity.The Indian Empire passes the Imperial Edict of 1907, demanding all foreign enclaves and territories in India to be handed over to the Indian Empire. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 68.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000 and a major port and naval base was constructed at Mahmudpur, with 25% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights.
    • Khedivate of Punjab: The Capital of Punjab was Lahore and the population was 48.8 million. The Punjabi military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Punjabs exports as well. About the same time, the Punjabi rock-salt, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 38.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well.
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Aceh, Mauritius, Tromelin and Reunion.
    • Indian - British Diplomacy: The Indian Empire wishes to purchase British enclaves in India.
    • British - Indian Diplomacy: The Parliament agrees to this sale.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science.
  • In Russia, the traitorous and ungrateful rioters are put down by force. Looters and the more violent are tried and sentenced anywhere from six to ten years in a labour internment. Those accused of blowing up the Trans-Siberian Railroad are hung. Meanwhile, rebels in Syria and Georgia are supported with mass funds. The Navy grows at mass speed with the full addiction of the Pskovian ships and the effects of the Ten-year plan. The statue of Ayernov in Pleskov is complete. Transition to an infrastructure state begins under Polunin.
    • 'Tartary: Economic improvements are made. This stuff^
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to tensions rising in Europe. Factories mostly make weapons for our military. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continue increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges, and banks. We continue open our borders to all people that are fleeing from nations that are falling to communism. For now all of our government stuff is kept a secret from other nations. We have a secret meeting with the Roman Empire for membership to the Holy League.
  • Romania: In Moldavia and Dobruja, we begin agricultural industrialisation. We build more factories in our nation. More collectivisation occurs. Tractors begin to be used in farms. We export many agricultural goods to our Communist allies.
  • Commonwealth States of Bavaria, Austria, Venezia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Saxony, Swabia, and Bremen: The Augsburg Diet continues to operate, being able to pass universal female suffrage in 1896. In military news, Herman Ulmann allows his war ministers to arm the border of Bavaria and France, seeing as how war becomes more likely each passing day In political news, Felipe DiRegenati wins re-election in 1905, while Johann Mikelssen remains Governor-General of Commonwealth States. DiRegenati introduces a series of reforms targeting woman suffrage, pay equality, and worker's rights, which he will draft and present to the Diet over the course of his second term. In other news, fear strikes Germany as a series of violent attacks occur on October 23, targetting Governor-General Mikelssen, his wife Klaudia Schumer Mikelssen, Chancellor DiRegenati, and Vice-Chancellor von Güstrow. Fridhelm Bamberg, a Communist activist, is the primary mastermind of the attacks, and is the man who armed himself and broke into the office of the Governor-General at approximately three in the afternoon. As he broke in, Mikelssen and his wife were both startled greatly, with Klaudia Mikelssen attempting to pull herself and the Governor-General to safety. Bamberg then fired his pistol, striking Mikelssen once in the eye, most likely killing him instantly. Bamberg was accompanied by at least two accomplices, Ricard Huss and Sacha Linestal, who proceeded to engage Klaudia Mikelssen. She reportedly put up a struggle before the two men comitted the act of defenestration by throwing her from a window. Falling three stories, Klaudia Mikelssen sustained a broken leg and two broken ribs, ultimately surviving as medical help arrived promptly. Authorities then surrounded the office at approximately 3:07, trapping the three men and several hostages inside. It was at this time that Fridhelm Bamberg non-fatally injured a hostage before taking the gun to himself. After Bamberg's sudden suicide, Huss and Linestal surrendered a short time later at 3:29. Immediately, fear spread rapidly through the city as the Augsburg Diet was evacuated and government officials given security details. By five, local newspapers began printing stories of a deadly Communist menace, one which claimed the life of the Governor-General. The papers also clamored to get responses from the injured Klaudia Mikelssen, who at the time was in the hospital receiving treatment and a surgery. That evening, Vice-Governor Herman Ulmann took the oath of office and became the new Governor-General. By 6:00, the situation in Augsburg was doleful and sad, but calm none-the-less. However, the situation in Marystadt was to become more terrorized. Unbeknownst to authorities in Augsburg, a second attack was about to unfold in Marystadt, the national capital. At approximately half past seven in the evening, Chancellor Felipe DiRegenati prepared to give a statement concerning the assassination of the Governor-General. Surrounded by several officials and his Vice-Chancellor Friedrich von Güstrow, DiRegenati made his way from his apartment in the Presidential palace to the press room, where he would deliver the address. At 7:38, after arriving in the press room, DiRegenati and von Güstrow were rushed by an knife-wielding attacker. The attacker, later revealed to be Communist sympathizer Frida Hüller, stabbed DiRegenati twice in the neck, and managed to inflict serious wounds on Güstrow's abdomen region. Hüller was apprehended by the Presidential guard as the Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor were rushed to the nearest medical facility. Miraculously, DiRegenati was able to survive the attack, but because of the scale and severity of the wound, he lost much blood and runs the risk of losing his voice, his ability to walk, and possibly his life if immediate operations aren't performed within the night. Fearing for his life, the doctors operated on DiRegenati, and were able to stop the flow of blood. DiRegenati's spine was injured, however, and he would be required to use a wheelchair for at least a year before he could walk again with the help of crutches. Furthermore, his vocal chords were nearly slashed, and his doctors advised him to not speak or yell loudly for the time being. Von Güstrow was also able to survive, with doctors successfully operating on his stomach region, stemming any interal hemorrhaging and attempting to prevent future infections. By the next day, the country was truly consumed by fear, anxiety, and mourning. The Governor-General of the Commonwealth States was brutally assassinated while his wife was thrown out of a window and put into a wheelchair. The Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor were both nearly assassinated as a nation watched with stunned shock. On October 26, Frida Hüller, Ricard Huss, and Sacha Linestal were executed in Marystadt by firing squad. After the execution, a recovering DiRegenati ordered that all Communist organizations in Germany who have been associated with the attackers or who have had contact with them be shut down immediately. A total of seven organizations were shut down, including the Viennese Worker's Coalition, the third largest Communist party in the country and the largest in Austria. Following the shutdowns, DiRegenati and Foreign Secretary Jakob Autenburg, agree to sever communications with France and the Netherlands on November 12. An investigation later revealed that the attackers were primarily funded by independent Communist agencies, within the borders of France, the Netherlands, and Germany itself. The attackers were further energized by the success of the Dutch communists in their coup, as well as the actions of Georgian communists in storming government buildings and taking hostages.
  • Borealia Flag 2Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Kinetiscopes become more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. The grenade is invented this year. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin to be built off of the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. Support continues to be given to the Republican rebels in China. The world-renowned geologist Herman Rubidson begins traveling the empty quarter of the Caliphate, surveying the prospect of finding oil there in the future. As San Francisco is rebuilt, much of the lower class moves out to the inland countryside, including the Reformist Church, which spreads out over Middle California. This labor force is replaced with a large intake of migrant workers from Oceanic states, even as far as Japanese waters. The Statue of Liberty, having been shipped piece-by-piece from Spain, is rebuilt this year in San Francisco harbor as the city rebuilds. On its pedestal is a plaque that reads: This Modern Colossus, Standing as a Light on a Hill, Bares Witness to All Generations that Every Tribe, Language, People, and Nation are Welcome on These Shores, Known in this Age as Borelia. The misspelling of Borealia, however, was unable to be fixed before the grand unveiling on September 3 (Independence Day).
    • The State of Australia: The ports continue to be expanded and the new city of Dandiri is built on the Pacific Coast. As more businesses are taken up by Muslim natives, the German colonists begin migrating to the new communities farther inland. Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. An irrigation program continues to be designed, with the hopes of aiding settlements in the outback. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. The Borealian navy begins convoying many of its armed forces to Australia which are no longer needed on the continent.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: The colony grows greatly this year with added territory purchased from the French at 14 million Francs. Much of the technical labor force is replaced with French colonists. A lumber company is built to complement the mining company already existing. 
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue their industrial development. Research on airship construction also continues.
  • People's Republic of Poland: General Secretary Sitko offers his condolences to the families of those killed or harmed by the communist radicals in Georgia and Germany. The General Secretary condemns the attacks, saying that needless violence is never necessary. He meanwhile continues the implementation of his short Five-Year Plan similar to his predecessor's, Sokoloff, Ten Year Plan, to reform the economies of Bialorosja and Litwa. The implementation of the Five Year Plan continues in the Districts of Bialorosja and Litwa. More factories continue to built throughout the nation, especially in the newly-acquired Districts. The government also starts an official aid program to any of the Bialorosjanie and Litwini harmed during the war. The PTP is extended into the new territories of Bialorosja and Litwa, helping to spread propaganda among the new citizens and take care of any possible political dissidents in secret. HM Starek also decides to reform the navy, seeing its relative failure against the Pskovite Navy in the recent war. The only recently built ironclads are put out of commission temporarily, and the HM commissions the construction of several new battlecruisers and destroyers similar to Pskovite designs that were used against us during the war, but with subtle differences to improve on weaknesses noticed by the Polish Navy during the war. The HM also continues to uphold a strict policy of making sure that the soldiers maintaining the peace do not steal from or harm the inhabitants of the recently-conquered Districts of Bialorosja and Litwa. Meanwhile, Foreign Minister Dubanowski continues maintaining the public image of Poland in face of the rising anti-communist sentiment in foreign nations caused by what he has dubbed the "Red Scare". The Foreign Minister continues funding of peaceful communist organizations in Czechia, Silesia, Slovakia, Croatia, North Romania, and Prussia.
  • Morocco: The Sultanate of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up its military, mainly the army and navy. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and the population continues to grow by adding 500,000 people every year. The population of Morocco now stands at 13.5 million people, while the number of military troops stands at 200,000 soldiers. Number of ships active in Moroccan Navy stands at 40 ironclad ships, 14 frigates, eight cruisers and 12 destroyers. The nation expands by 4000 px per year to keep it stronger and independent, with a few new cities being built. Morocco continues its war on two various West African countries. Roads and railroads are built between old and new cities. Fewer museums, colleges and more houses, schools, hospitals, power plants and mining plants are built. The mining plants produces materials coal, iron and now gold and copper, which later used as products from industries. Industry continues improving and few factories are built along in cities, creating jobs for people of Morocco. The telephone/communications and mosaics industries continue to grow under a few large monopolies. With parts of the country hooked up to electricity, few middle class citizens and rich citizens have light in their homes. The telegraph is popular with the rich and business people. The telephone is popular with the rich people of society. A few docks and mosques are built. The Moroccan Navy continues building a series of armored destroyers, cruisers and cargo ships which destroyers later added to Moroccan Navy and cargo ships are for trade and for future tensions. Trade with various major European powers decides economic boom of Morocco and Morocco's largest exports are mosaics and largest imports are mostly food. Artillery becomes more widely used in combat and some industries continues building a series of wartime artillery, which later added it to Moroccan Armed Forces. Meanwhile, few new trains are produced and one new railway line is opened in service. Sultan Abdelaziz continues to plan new reforms for Morocco and continues investing heavily in technology and science. Morocco continue improving relations with Roman Empire, Spain and France to seek friendly alliances in future.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: The entire nation is stunned and shocked by the horror of the Bamburg Attacks, and police and military forces are mobilised around the country. Government agents keep an especially close eye on the Oldenburger Communist Party which, though small and historically fairly insignificant, has been rumoured to have links with more violent communist groups. Tributes flow from all quarters to the family of Governor-General Mikelssen, including from Premier Br Friederich Ritter von Schuhmacher. The communist violence is capitalised on by the Conservative Party, who claim (somewhat erroneously) that the Catholic-Socialist Coalition is too lenient on the Communists. Later on in the year, Duke Christian VII dies, succeeded by his son, Wilhelm II. Wilhelm swears to protect his realm from any danger, without or within, but promises his subjects that their rights remain safe. The military is built up.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: Military is built up. Shielded from much of the communist threat, the year is a smooth one in Neu Norderney. The Landtag votes to establish a tribunal next year which will look at land claims by the traditional owners, as part of the ongoing reconciliation process.
  • Peoples Republic of China: We declare our support for the Russians with the revolt they are currently having. We buildup our economy ready for war against the ROC, following a breakdown in negotiations after our support for the Communists, halting our plans to invade Tibet. Troops are sent to the border with the ROC from the border with Tibet. We wait for a Japanese response following the deployment. Tomprevent war, we demand the ROC stop all hostilities towards their Communist Party.
  • Emeraldie: New construction starts on the nation's ports, farms and mines to increase the nation's exports and economic strength. The land forces is reorganised to include 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces occur. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies, the transnational railway is completed. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. Work continues on construction of the Emerald Canal (current estimates show it will be completed by 1914) and vast expansion of oil production begins after the government provides subsidies to entrepreneurs. With the booming economy, the government begins investing heavily in education and infrastructure. In other new the first domestically produced cars are built, with companies taking advantage of the growing petrol supply. With nthe recent tsunami all government efforts are directed to the relief and rebuilding effort.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: A legislative parliament is created to take care of local issues. The South Pacific station is expanded with new modern ships. The territory government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 3200 men. Military in the region is used to support the relief and rebuilding effort.
  • The Caliphate drastically improves infrastructure, industry and economy. As we seek to protect our possessions, we become less expansionist into foreign cultures and lands. We continue westernization efforts espsically in urban, developed regions, such as Baghdad. As with every year, we maintain our two Holy cities and donate a small amount of our income to charity, espsically to the poor: beggars, widows, and more of the like. We maintain our military, but the military becomes less emphizied with the signing of the pan-Asian pact, which protects the Caliphate from any foreign invasion and threats. We improve relations with the Afghans, hoping to bring them into the Pact in the near future. With the death of Caliph Hakeem bin Malik many of our young citizens call him the "Magnificent", specifically for his republican reforms, implementing the Shura. With the westernization and increasing democratic power, we begin, on a small scale, implementing railroads, espcially connecting urban cities and regions. We also begin construction of a small scale Ironclad fleet, as there is no need for a large, because of the protection of India and Japan. With the full implementation and the construction of roads, postal service, railroads, transportation and news travels faster than ever, allowing the unity of the Caliphate. We begin to encourage urban cities sto start developing their own newspapers, as along with the arrival of radios into the Caliphate, due to the Westernization Effort. We continue to support the idea of the Caliphate as a pan-Islamic state, not Pan-Arabic. The Government completely reforms, seeking Hakeem's dream of a truly democratic Caliphate. A new office is created: Sultan. The Caliph becomes only the religious leader of the Caliphate, with the Sultan being elected from the Shura. The Caliphate begins to become federalized, with every province of the Caliphate holding a small amount of power. We continue to attempt to convert Shia Muslims, even bribing local religious leaders to begin to teach Sunni beliefs. We hold a large, but minor treaty atIsfahan, dealing with the selling and  Creation of African colonies. Covetly, we support the Syrian, Muslim rebels in the Levant. We seceretly mobilize for war and also end the supposed alliance with the Roman Empire. (HMPH!) (what is it good for??)(absolutely everything)[Inf/Mil] 
    • ​posted for Josh at his request Toby2: THEY CALL ME Mr. Awesome!!! 21:10, June 23, 2015 (UTC)
    • Algonquia continues to rebuild from the Second Winter War, while tactical faults noticed during the conflict are addressed. Notably, the use of howitzers and mortars increasingly replaces field guns, while troops are issued with mass-produced grenades to help deal with entrenched positions. Seeing the utter impotence of the Algonquian navy against the larger Scandinavian one, the government gives up on battleships entirely, judging them not worth the expense in a future war. Instead, it orders the navy to focus on torpedo boats and submarines. High Sachem Sikosew Inew is delivering a speech at the Tribal Socialist convention in December when a bomb goes off, killing thirty Sachems, including him. National outrage erupts, especially when radical Arcadian exile Theodore Palin is arrested later that month. The new High Sachem, Social Liberal leader Sarasate Mistahi, orders the contraction of a monument to him and other Native Borealian martyrs.
    • Sahtudene expands the max amount, as does Kitlineq.
    • Lukaian continues to grow tea, coffee and rubber for Algonquia.
  • Andea: rapidly develops its industry. Industrial work becomes the most common field to work in. more later.
  • Spain continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the burgeoning growth of the economy, new jobs created in the five major cities led to more people moving to the cities. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain begins to mass troops along the border with France and increases patrols around the entire coast of Spain. Spain continues to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready battleships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. Carlo Ferreira continues to develop aeroplanes and makes great advances. The Spanish government condemns the communist nations. Spain continues to seek out dissenters in communist France to weaken the French government's strength. Spain continues to advocate the expansion of the anti-communist league. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 sq km north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 sq km. Croats in Dahomey retain their rights. Dahomey expands 8000 sq km into the interior of Africa.  The Spanish colony in southwest Africa expands 8000 sq km inland as well. Spain receives the bust of Peter Lausen from Borealia. Spain sends aid to the anti-communist forces in the Netherlands. The way across the Pyrenees is blocked off and crossing the border from either side is declared illegal. The fortification of the Vega Line continues and a naval defense perimeter around the Iberian Peninsula. Passage through the Strait of Gibraltar is tightened and all ships passing through are thoroughly inspected before being allowed to pass. The same is done in the East Indies (Malacca). The Spanish West Indies colony expands onto the islands that are close to it, between Java and Timor. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria expands 5000 sq km south as part of the nationalistic campaign to become a great nation on the African continent. Military technology is brought in from Spain, as well as other things. The Berbers continue to gain great power in government and force the passage of the Berber Rights Act of 1907. The Fabran government 
    • Singapore also begins to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore also greatly benefits from the newly re-invigorated trade in the region. Singapore continues to accumulate wealth as a center of trade and all that nonsense.
  • Andea: Rapidly develops its industry. Industrial work becomes the most common field to work in. Average wage for industrial workers stands at 1000 reals, but the government set minimum wage stands at 400 reals. Yellow-Dog Contracts are offically outlawed this year in Andea. The Military expands to include 450,000 men. The Grant-Ramon 2 rifle is adopted (ATL Springfield Rifle). The navy expands dramaticlly, with the inclusion of Dreadnoughts and Armored Crusiers making Ironclads irrelevent. The Republican Party wins the Presidency, beating out the Nationals, Democrats,Hesperian, and the Progressives. WE ask to purchase the gains made by Brazil in Namibia. More later when I get more time.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire is now at a period of peace and prosperity after a long period of war and uncertainty. Roman trade routes stretch across most of the world in the pursuit of wealth and trade goods and Roman military might remains a powerful force in Europe and other parts of the world. The Roman central government does what it can to address all of the issues of the various archonates within the Empire and ensure that their needs are met even as they help instill strength in the central government. Railroads are constructed around the nation to help connect the Empire and its peoples and steamships are used for much the same purpose on water. To further strengthen its position in Africa, the Roman government begins to make official claims in the Saharan desert north of Egypt's southern border. However, some in the Empire scoff at this, suggesting that the Empire is wasting its time claiming barren land and should focus on more resourceful areas of Africa, Asia or Europe. As European interest in Africa begins to heat up, Roman officials begin exploring possible resources or benefits from extended interaction with Madagascar, and trade and diplomats are directed there to assess the situation. Trade also expands with Hawaii, which becomes an impressive conduit of trade for Roman merchants and businesses. As such, the Empire takes an interest in Hawaii, but rather than try to annex it, as it is too far from Roman authority to do so, Roman officials instead would like to see a strong and friendly Hawaii. Weapons and officers are sent to Hawaii to help train their soldiers and protect their independence. The Roman Empire responds to the increased activity of Communist insurgency in other nations in Europe by adopting a more aggressive stance. Troops are sent to Gothia and Ruthenia to protect against potential Communist aggression from the north, and the Roman Empire begins making overtures towards Croatia, Transylvania and Vlachia to prepare their defences. The Roman Empire also deploys more troops to Italy to present a clear vanguard against potential aggression from Communist France or Lombardy, which is seen as soon falling to Communists while the Roman Empire is forbidden by treaty to intervene. The Roman Empire is concerned with the fall of the Tartary to the Communist hordes, and is particularly concerned that the Caliphate has aligned itself towards the hordes. Fears of being surrounded soon start to build up in the Roman government, and as a result the Roman government does what it can to help shore up its defenses both physical and diplomatic. The Roman Empire expands trade, industry and military training to members of the Holy League, hoping to create and re-inforce a stable and strong military alliance in the Empire's sphere of influence. The Roman Empire is forced to take drastic measures in recent years, as the expansion of Communism is considered unacceptable. Roman officials draft and generally pass Plan East, which calls for strengthening the Roman Empire's allies in the Holy League so they can protect the Roman Empire's flank while the Roman Empire concentrates on a potential eastern front. Military officers and engineers travel to Armenia, Georgia, Assyria, and Transylvania to train and improve those countries in all matters martial and industrial. The same goes for the Caliphate, hoping that the Caliphate would provide the crucial link in the chain for eastern defense. To further update the Empire's strength, the Roman Empire militarizes, and the Senate mandates that the Roman military be at a total size of 850,000 in peacetime and that a million man army must be able to be mobilized within a few weeks. Threats of Communism in Lombardy are too large to be ignored, so Roman forces militarize in Italy and pledge that no former treaty will hold Roman forces back if Lombardy becomes a clear threat. Remnants of the Vlachian government flee to the Roman Empire or Transylvania and call for intervention in Vlachia. Roman and Vlachian forces move in, securing the southern part of the country and stopping at the Wallachian-Moldavian border, as per the compromise between the Communists and Monarchists. Support for the true Vlachian government rises, and the Roman Empire provides the southern government the resources it needs to get itself back on its feet. To help stabilize its northern border, train cars full of weapons and ammo are sent to Croatia, hopefully to bolster that front. The rebel Syrians are seen as an annoyance, and as such local forces are tasked with putting them down. Troops are stationed in Syria after the cancellation of the supposed alliance, and alliances with Georgia and Assyria are affirmed again.
    • Tatar Empire: The fall of the Tartary is a huge surprise, and many officials fled to Roman lands. However, the Roman Empire was able to set up a puppet government claiming legitimacy from the remnants of the Tartary. The Tatar royal family is installed as the leaders of this puppet state, with much of the government based on that of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire does what it can to industrialize and modernize the puppet state, which effectively only controls the Black Sea coast. Effort is put entirely into the army, as there is no power that can challenge the might of the Roman navy in the Black Sea. Demoralized remnants of the Tartar Army along with volunteers are trained by Roman officers to help get the state back on its feet. 
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nation wide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The Franqi brothers begin experimenting with the idea of heavier-than-air flight, but the task is daunting and will take some time to perfect a flying device. They manage to create a working model which flies for several seconds. However, it isn't impressive enough and they continue their work.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started to be worked on.
  • Empire of Lanka: The Lankan government focuses on industrialization. Accelerated industrialization in Lanka continues. The Edict of 1891 and Waardige Accord stay in effect. Dutch architecture, arts, and culture have had a permanent effect on Lankan culture, although Lankan culture still remains with its own identity. The army remains one of the most modern in Asia due to the permanent result of European military from the Dutch throughout the protectoratecy. As the populations move to the cities, more and more men are recruited in the Lankan army. The parliament enacts nationwide conscription to reform the military, requiring all able-bodied men above twenty-one need to have at least eight years in active service, following by three years in the reserves. As the populations move to the cities, more and more men are recruited in the Lankan army. The most recent census taken in 1860, accounts for 2,992,224 citizens. The trade ports on the island remain in heavy use with expansion of trade in Asia. Significant urbanization causes the cities of Waardige, Sri Jaywardenepura Kotte, Kandy, Kalmunai, and Galle, to be flooded with people. Waardige continues to be a trade, technological and industrial center in Asia. The complex Waardige canal system sees fall in use as more and more it becomes outdated due to changes in ships. The Island Spoorwegmaatschappij starts massive construction of railroads across the islands. Religion in the empire continues to be mixed with the three main religions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Dutch Reformist being worshipped on the main island while there are a few animist natives on Nava Kotte. The Lankan navy still holds warships that were supplied during the protectoratecy.The provincie system instituted in 1773 is changed to be less feudal and more bureaucratic, which basically turns them into an administrative division. The the title of the head of the provincie is changed from Count to Emperor's Commissioner. The King's Commissioner is also the head of the parliament (provinciale staten) in the provincie. Along with there being provinciale statens, a main parliament is also created. This main parliament will be assembled on the Emperor's command, and is used to decide issues, create public projects, and pass laws for the whole empire. Last year the emperor called the main parliament to discuss the issue of public education and the idea of the creating a constitution. The Emperor and the parliament passed the Compulsory Education Act of 1886, which states that education in Lanka for the ages of five to ten is compulsory. In elementary school the children learn Sinhala and Dutch (reading and writing) and basic mathematics. Also incorporated in this act is an edict against children working over thirteen hours a day. The emperor and parliament also created a constitution that officially set up the bureaucratic system. Last year parliament wanted to start to pursue a policy of faster industrialization, and to do this they passed the Edict of 1888 which abolished the caste system and slavery as well. Lankan industrial funding is used to build factories in the capital first, and then creating factories across major cities in the empire. To assist accelearted industrialization, Lanka tries to define its national unity. The government establishes the national language to be Sinhalese, and enforces this in schools. Buddhism continues to be the national religion and is inserted into the national curriculum. Lanka starts massively producing and exporting cigars (and other uses for tobacco), rubber, and mining diamonds and other precious gems. Galle continues to be fit by the Germans to build ironclads. Ironclads continue being purchased from the Germans. Lanka sends a very small amount of athletes to the Olympic Games of 1904, all of which are Sinhalese. Lanka signs an alliance and trade pact with Spain, and a separate trade pact is signed with India. Seeing international reactions on the Tamil language ban, the Emperor modifies the law in the Edict of 1904.The edict states that Tamil is allowed to be spoken everywhere, but only written in public places in Tamil majority areas, and on Tamil religious buildings. The Empire begins to modernize its military by purchasing weapons from Japan and Rome, and specifically the Maxim Gun from India.
  • Imperial Japan: Foreign Minister Riyu signs the Treaty of Midway, ushering a new era of peace and prosperity in the Pacific and results in an economic boom thanks to an increase in trade in the Pacific. We also observe the various wars that the world is falling into, and we prepare for a massive war by investing our new found money into a massive military build up as well as improving our economy by improving our trade routes/ Our condolensces go out to the dead Caliph. As the new century dawns, so does the new Empire of Japan with the implementation of the treaty of Beijing Japan. When Emperor Raijingusan was born the empire was a collection of Japan proper and a couple of ports, but now Japan is a shining empire in the Pacific, and is now considered a superpower in terms of vast greatness in not only territory, but also infrastructure, art, science, engineering literature, and education. The Emperor’s dream for Japan is fufilled, and as a result of the new century and new Japanese Empire there is a surge of nationalism. On the topic of literature, the book on the First-Sino Japanese War is published as well as the book “On the History of Japanese War history” and “On the History of Imperial Japan” is published. Emperor Rajiangstan himself attended New Munich, and noted “This city is a spectacular city, with lights gleaming over the fresh lakes, twinkling in the twilight, with the telephone that connects two voices from a far, and the kaleidoscope that has me see a beautiful rainbow of colors, indeed New Munich is a beacon upon a hill, and I hope Japan adopts the Borelian model of modernization.” The Emperor also returns to Tokyo, signs the Treaty of the Hague and the Treaty of Beijing, only to die, ushering an era of peace. “I was born, destined for something great, and something great I became, for I have made Japan the pinnacle of hope and light, sharing the greatness of the rising sun, to all four corners of the world. I may die today, but the Empire of Japan shall be eternal.” There is a massive memorial service held in Emperor Rajiangstan’s honor, and his first son, Emperor Heiwa to Han'ei, succeeds him, and begins to adopt the Borealian model of industrialization, trying to make Tokyo like New Munich. Following the massive Anti-Communist surge in our nation we cut all ties with all Communist nations and we round up Communists within our nation and deport them to Japanese and Russian Siberia. We also condemn the actions of the People's Republic of Sichuan.
    • Empire of Northern China: With the Signing of the Treaty of Beijing Manchuria and Northern China are merged, establishing the Empire of Northern China, with Emperor Wu, Emperor Rajiangstan’s second son, as Emperor. Major reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes, factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. Mining operations also continue. the Empire is also noted as one of the most diverse places in the Japanese Empire. We invest in developing the cities of Beijing and Tianjin. Emperor Waizu marries into the the Qing Dynasty, restoring the dynasty of the Manchu Empire of old.
    • Japanese Formosa: We invest in Formosa by implementing a massive railroad construction program as well as port construction to further the transportation of Formosa. We implement a program of both industry and agriculture in Formosa, with the industry being for Japan and the agriculture being for Formosa. We also make massive public education reform in Formosa. Industry also speeds up as a result of the wartime economy. Econ/mil turn. Industry is dedicated to the war.
    • Japanese Shanghai: We industrialize Shanghai and upgrade its port and infrastructure, including education. We have Shanghai specialize in shipbuilding and trading, making it a hub for trade in East Asia. We rapidly increase port building to make this city a hub for trade.
    • Northern Philippines: We welcome the former French Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war
    • Southern Philippines: We welcome the former Hamburgian Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war.
    • Japanese Siberia: We welcome the former Tartary territory into our empire and we begin an extensive program to rebuild the area after the war by expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, and factories. We also expan the economy of the area. Industry is dedicated to the war.
    • Jiangsu: Major rebuilding reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. We also construct a major irrigation system of Jiangsu and farm crops such as rice and wheat and make industry based on textiles and food and develop Shanghai and Nanking as important major cities.
    • Guangdong: We begin developing the infrastructure of Guangdong by implementing major reform, and we build railroads, factories, schools, hospitals, homes, ports, and cities. In order to fuel this, we focus on developing the ports in the Pearl Delta River region making them a hub for trade in the Pacific. We open the Pearl River Delta to other nations in the Pacific and are willing to make a trade deal with them.

1908

Jacques Deschalier, a prominent French communist activist, is embroiled in a financial scandal. He is accused of abusing millions of francs from the Funds for the Liberators of the People charity organization to support far-right wing political groups both in France and Russia.

Deschalier is soon executed, and letters in his office suggest ties with Spanish and Roman officials. Angered by such interference, France violently accuses the two of interference, while the two sides deny any involvement.

In a bad spate of border violence, guards on both sides of the north-south Romanian/Vlachian border are killed after one side shoots first. No one knows which side shot first, but 27 guards are killed overall.

Assyrian border police kill Syrian rebels along the border. The rebels appear to be financed by Russia and supplied with Arabian weapons, increasing tension in the area following the apparent cancellation of the Roman-Arabian accord.

Since it's clear war is probably gonna be declared before the games, I'm gonna take the proactive step and declare the 1908 Olympic games in Zurich to be cancelled, unless something happens and war doesn't actually happen.

Event is late. I apologize: The Dutch Civil war comes to grinding halt, as the Netherlands Proper is secured by the Communists while the monarchists and anti-communists secure Luxembourg.



Since the Netherlands player wishes for a capitalist/anti-commie victory, and he posted before the late event, we ought to let him do as he wishes.

  • Indian Empire: Queen Farah Shah was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 341,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Bengal, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity. The Indian Empire backs the Caliphates Invasion of the Roman Empire (if any) and requests Japan to initiate Plan B. Troops also launch an attack upon Venad to impose the Imperial Edict of 1907, and The Empire mobilizes up to 2 million troops and an additional 1 million reserves to fight the war and the Queen declares that if the war is lost, the Muslim and Hindu dream of a United India would be shattered. [Mil/Eco Turn]
  • Croatia, following the late-received edict of 1907 (I don't read your posts that often, sorry mate), offers to sell Goa in exchange for a small amount of money as well as the safe return of all Croats currently in Goa. However, this proposal is halted until hostilities between the Romans and the Indians are put to stop.
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 68.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000 and a major port and naval base was constructed at Mahmudpur, with 25% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights. Declares war on Roman Empire
    • Khedivate of Punjab: The Capital of Punjab was Lahore and the population was 48.8 million. The Punjabi military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Punjabs exports as well. About the same time, the Punjabi rock-salt, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well. Declares war on Roman Empire
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 38.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well. Declares war on Roman Empire
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Aceh, Mauritius, Tromelin and Reunion. Seychelles is purchased from France.
  • Commonwealth Kingdoms of Hamburg, Hanover, Prussia, Westphalia, Rhineland, Kuba, and the non-incorporated Kingdom of New Rugia: New Mecklenburg, Kameroon, and German West Africa expand by 750px each. Emperor Mary makes a new speech to the full United Diet in Marystadt, with recognizable fury in her voice, "these acts of barbarity such as the Bamberg attacks cannot be ignored, lest our enemies sense weakness in Germany. And so, I call upon the diet to declare a state of war between the United Commonwealth of Germany, and the perpetrating People's Republic of France. I also call that we increase our support for the legitimate government of the Dutch: the Kingdom of the Netherlands."
    • Felipe DiRegenati: The Chancellor honors the Emperor's calls for war and drafts up a war declaration which will be sent to the Senate.
  • Commonwealth States of Bavaria, Austria, Venezia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Saxony, Swabia, and Bremen: The Augsburg Diet continues to operate, being able to pass universal female suffrage in 1896. In military news, Herman Ulmann allows his war ministers to arm the border of Bavaria and France, seeing as how war becomes more likely each passing day In political news, Felipe DiRegenati wins re-election in 1905, while Johann Mikelssen remains Governor-General of Commonwealth States. DiRegenati introduces a series of reforms targeting woman suffrage, pay equality, and worker's rights, which he will draft and present to the Diet over the course of his second term. In political news, Felipe DiRegenati, still recovering from his attempted assassination, supports Emperor Mary's position. He draws up a declaration of war and presents it to the Senate. The Senate approves unanimously, and war is declared on the People's Republic of France. In other news, Vice-Chancellor Güstrow supports DiRegenati, and so does Klauda Mikelssen, who begins walking for the first time this year without the aid of a wheelchair. German leaders stay neutral in the Deschalier Affair.
  • Borealia will agree to bring the Union of Borelia and Hesperia to come in on the side of Germany if they agree to sell her the colony of New Mecklenburg.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science.
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue their industrial development. Research on airship construction also continues. As tensions grow in Europe the Ruthenians quietly build defensive fortifications to protect their territory. They also reiterate their desire to remain neutral in any coming conflict. The Ruthenians give the Duchy of Livonia diplomatic reconition. The Ruthenian ambassador attends the coronation of Jaagup II, the first Duke of the newly-restored Duchy of Livonia.
  • Nederlanden (netherlands)-mil and infra turn. plans to free Belgium as a puppet/vassal are made, but nothing comes of them
    • Luxembourg-eco and infra turn. Luxembourg quietly builds small airplane factories to make civilian airplanes for the growing demand.
    • German Dip: The German foreign secretary would like to inform the Dutch leadership that Germany is a committed ally to any peaceful, co-operative Dutch state, and if the Dutch work with the Germans in fighting France, Germany will retract the troops currently mobilized in Luxemburg.
    • Nederlanden-We would, for the right price ( border regions) We would like the part of the east indies you annexed too. You may propose something else if this is not acceptable for you. otherwise, don't object
    • German Dip: No lands currently within German borders are for sale. However, Germany would be willing to sell the Dutch certain portions of land we may gain from the French. Of course, we would like to keep the majority of any cessions we get from France, but we hope the Dutch can have some French land. For the East Indies, only Bavarian Borneo will be discussed upon. We are willing to do a multitude of things, including leasing 1/4 of the territory to the Dutch, or perhaps making Borneo a joint-control land, where Bavarian and Dutch officials are involved in local governance.
  • Spain continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the burgeoning growth of the economy, new jobs created in the five major cities led to more people moving to the cities. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain begins to mass troops along the border with France and increases patrols around the entire coast of Spain. Spain continues to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready battleships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. Carlo Ferreira continues to develop aeroplanes and makes great advances. The Spanish government condemns the communist nations. Spain continues to seek out dissenters in communist France to weaken the French government's strength. Spain continues to advocate the expansion of the anti-communist league. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 sq km north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 sq km. Croats in Dahomey retain their rights. Dahomey expands 8000 sq km into the interior of Africa.  The Spanish colony in southwest Africa expands 8000 sq km inland as well. Spain receives the bust of Peter Lausen from Borealia. Spain sends aid to the anti-communist forces in the Netherlands. The way across the Pyrenees is blocked off and crossing the border from either side is declared illegal. The fortification of the Vega Line continues and a naval defense perimeter around the Iberian Peninsula. Passage through the Strait of Gibraltar is tightened and all ships passing through are thoroughly inspected before being allowed to pass. The same is done in the East Indies (Malacca). The Spanish West Indies colony expands onto the islands that are close to it, between Java and Timor. After the German declaration of war on France, and the execution of Deschalier in France, a majority of the Spanish Parliament votes to invade France. Troops begin crossing the border immediately from the Vega Line. The western and southern coastlines of France are blockaded by the Royal Armada and all French ships are to be seized on sight. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria expands 5000 sq km south as part of the nationalistic campaign to become a great nation on the African continent. Military technology is brought in from Spain, as well as other things. The Berbers continue to gain great power in government and force the passage of the Berber Rights Act of 1907. The Fabran government is doing well.
    • Singapore also begins to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore also greatly benefits from the newly re-invigorated trade in the region. Singapore continues to accumulate wealth as a center of trade and all that nonsense.
    • nederlanden dip-We thank you for the aid, not only against the communists, but against France too. We are (still) not happy with the fact you invaded Malacca, but we are in no position to do any thing
    • Someone please tell Netherlands player that he is Communist, and he won't be happy about aid to Non - Communists. Moreover, the chances of Netherlands fighting against France would be very low and rather implausible.
    • know this already. basically the nederlanden and luxembourg are separate. not all commintern are allied with each other, nederlanden doesn't really have ties with france
    • Perhaps I should remind you that France helped fund the Dutch Communists whereas Germany and Spain funded the Monarchy. Even if let's say that the Dutch Commies don't support France, it still won't make sense for them to ally with Germany and Spain. That's like USA allying with Britain right after the American War of Independence, and declaring war on the French and Spanish Empire. So please stop with the BS.
  • Romania: In Moldavia and Dobruja, we begin agricultural industrialisation. We build more factories in our nation. More collectivisation occurs. Tractors begin to be used in farms. We export many agricultural goods to our Communist allies. We start mobilization and mass our soldiers along the Ardelean Line.
  • France: Military buildup and economic expansion continue. As the Great War begins, we decide to call upon the wrath of the People's Entente to destroy the enemies of Communism. This becomes an opportunity to test the military might of France and the People's Entente as a whole. While our forces continue to be crushed day by day, Paget decides to implement research on new technologies to focus on dealing with the enemy. We decide that the best course of action is to initiate a mass conscription plan. In other words, to recruit any healthy human being in France to deal with the enemy and equip them as best as we can. In domestic news, with the war ongoing, Factories in areas not under attack are made to produce military goods at a massive scale, and we even decide to use scorched earth tactics in the scenario of France's demise. As a result, border towns are burned and people forced out of their homes by the People's Army and the CSE. Meanwhile, we decide to conduct some research into making planes combat-worthy, but time is running out for France and with this in mind, more suicidal tactics continue to be used, and as we lose ground to the enemy, we even go as far as suicide bombing. Only time will tell whether this will delay the invasion of France. 
  • Borealia Flag 2Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Kinetiscopes become more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. The grenade is invented this year. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin to be built off of the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. Support continues to be given to the Republican rebels in China. In sympathy for the oppression of communism in Europe, a small communist party emerges this year in New Vienna. These people are viewed suspiciously, however, as communism usually has no place in Borealian culture. Seeing a great war break out among the colonial powers of Europe, the Curia proposes that the Union of Borealia and Hesperia should meet at the Conference of New Vienna to decide whether or not to get involved.
    • The State of Australia: The ports continue to be expanded and the new city of Dandiri is built on the Pacific Coast. As more businesses are taken up by Muslim natives, the German colonists begin migrating to the new communities farther inland. Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. An irrigation program continues to be designed, with the hopes of aiding settlements in the outback. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. The Borealian navy begins convoying many of its armed forces to Australia which are no longer needed on the continent.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: The colony grows greatly this year with added territory purchased from the French at 14 million Francs. Much of the technical labor force is replaced with French colonists. A lumber company is built to complement the mining company already existing. 
  • Morocco: The Sultanate of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up its military, mainly the army and navy. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and the population continues to grow by adding 500,000 people every year. The population of Morocco now stands at 14 million people, while the number of military troops stands at 300,000 soldiers. Morocco begins mobilization as they wanted to conquer Spanish and German colonies in Africa and Moroccan politicians meets Conference of New Vienna to join the country as the axis. Number of ships active in Moroccan Navy stands at 40 ironclad ships, 14 frigates, 10 cruisers and 14 destroyers. The nation stops expending into Africa, with a few new cities being built. Morocco finishes its war on two various West African countries and countries that are defeated are later annexed officially by Morocco. Roads and railroads are built between old and new cities. Fewer museums, colleges and more houses, schools, hospitals, power plants and mining plants are built. The mining plants produces materials coal, iron and now gold and copper, which later used as products from industries. Industry continues improving and few factories are built along in cities, creating jobs for people of Morocco. The telephone/communications and mosaics industries continue to grow under a few large monopolies. With parts of the country hooked up to electricity, few middle class citizens and rich citizens have light in their homes. The telegraph is popular with the rich and business people. The telephone is popular with the rich people of society. A few docks and mosques are built. The Moroccan Navy continues building a series of armored destroyers, cruisers and cargo ships which destroyers later added to Moroccan Navy and cargo ships are for trade and for future tensions. Trade with various major European powers decides economic boom of Morocco and Morocco's largest exports are mosaics and largest imports are mostly food. Artillery becomes more widely used in combat and more industries continues building a series of wartime artillery, which later added it to Moroccan Armed Forces. Meanwhile, few new trains are produced and one new railway line is opened in service. Sultan Abdelaziz continues to plan new reforms for Morocco and continues investing heavily in technology and science. Morocco requests the nations of the Caliphate, India, France, Poland, Russia and Japan for alliance. In response to German colonial expansion, relations with Germany are cut off and declares Germany as the dangerous nation in mankind. All German books are banned from libraries in cities and burned. Also, the German flag is burned in Casablanca by protesters. The earliest known Moroccan fighter is built, led to formation of Moroccan Air Force as part of Moroccan Armed Forces. So, some industries begins building a series of early fighters and bombers. The first airport is built and opened near Casablanca as military air force base.
    • India accepts the offer.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: Al the Oldenburg deputies in the Senate vote for the declaration of war, and Oldenburger troops are quickly mobilised and placed under the command of the Bundesstab. Duke Wilhelm II and Premier Br Friederich both fully support the declaration of war, seeing things as having gone far enough. The Prince-Primate of Osnabruck even goes so far as to claim that the conflict can be considered a "just war" according to Catholic doctrine. The Landtag calls on the Imperial Commonwealth Government to station troops in Luxembourg to protect the legitimate Dutch government, and implores the government not to promise any land to the illegitimate Communist Dutch regime.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: The Lordship's council assents to the declaration of war, and a "Neu Norderney Expeditionary Corps is put under the control of the Bundesstab. Due to the Lordship's continued lack of a fully-functioning military of its own (it's still a work in progress), the Expeditilnary Force is something of a mishmash. A Neu Norderney delegate humbly suggests that Algonquia and Borealia consider supporting Germany's cause, or at least, not support the Communist side.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to war rising in Europe. Factories mostly make weapons and vehicles for our military. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continue increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges, and banks. We continue open our borders to all people that are fleeing from nations that are falling to communism. We send 300k of troops to meet up with the Spanish army to fight the French in France. We send our other 300k troops to attack the Roman Empire in Italy. Besides troops, we also send tanks, trucks, and planes
  • Russia: [In event the Caliphate Declares War on RomeThe People of Russia are called upon, one last time. There is one final enemy, one final aversian to Black sea dominance, to retaking the Caucasus, and destroying the beacon of state capitalism throughout the world. This enemy is the Roman Empire. Our brothers in the Caliphate have begun a war to liberate the communist leaning Syrians. The People's Army and Revolutionary Guard, many Pleskov veterans but also far more volunteers, those with no experience, combined with those conscripted. This offensive army teeters almost 3.5 Million strong.Some of these troops flood the Roman held Tartary, along with PRT troops and Tartar sympathizers. Others meet up with the Caliphate to do joint attacks in the Mideast. Lastly, men stationed in Ruthenian ports (see treaty of Chernihiv) conduct an attack into Furthermore , the Anti-Jurors, now the Russian Homeland Defense, begins further conscription to protect its borders, and, in the event that the enemy pushes into Russian soil, will engage them in unconventional ways. We call upon our Allies in Poland and Romania, India and Japan, and Lombardy to join the Caliphate and Russia in our endeavor. ]  Russian Chemists toy around with the idea of weaponizing the element Chlorine on the battlefield, and begins testing ways to best disperse it on said battlefield.  Russia also begins working on a new and innovative Bolt Action rifle.Meanwhile on the homefront, the women children and elderly take the jobs of the yound and brave men off to fight in the war. Industrial capability, due in part to the Polunin plan, ramps up extensively. The Trans-Siberian railroad is fully rebuilt. Funding of communist parties in Mongolia continues. The Naval 10 year plan, oddly enough taking only 5 years, completes. Russia condemns spain's invasion, but does nothing, wanting to focus on the Roman front.
    • ​People's Republic of Tartary: Joins the war, raising an a small standing army to add to Russian Forces. Tartar terrorists are rounded up and arrested.
    • India congratulates Russia on joining the war against imperialist menace.
  • The Caliphate drastically improves infrastructure, industry and economy. As we seek to protect our possessions, we become less expansionist into foreign cultures and lands. We continue westernization efforts espsically in urban, developed regions, such as Baghdad. As with every year, we maintain our two Holy cities and donate a small amount of our income to charity, espsically to the poor: beggars, widows, and more of the like. We maintain our military, but the military becomes less emphizied with the signing of the pan-Asian pact, which protects the Caliphate from any foreign invasion and threats. We improve relations with the Afghans, hoping to bring them into the Pact in the near future. With the death of Caliph Hakeem bin Malik many of our young citizens call him the "Magnificent", specifically for his republican reforms, implementing the Shura. With the westernization and increasing democratic power, we begin, on a small scale, implementing railroads, espcially connecting urban cities and regions. We also begin construction of a small scale Ironclad fleet, as there is no need for a large, because of the protection of India and Japan. With the full implementation and the construction of roads, postal service, railroads, transportation and news travels faster than ever, allowing the unity of the Caliphate. We begin to encourage urban cities sto start developing their own newspapers, as along with the arrival of radios into the Caliphate, due to the Westernization Effort. We continue to support the idea of the Caliphate as a pan-Islamic state, not Pan-Arabic. The Government completely reforms, seeking Hakeem's dream of a truly democratic Caliphate. A new office is created: Sultan. The Caliph becomes only the religious leader of the Caliphate, with the Sultan being elected from the Shura. We accept the alliance Mororco offered. The Caliphate begins to become federalized, with every province of the Caliphate holding a small amount of power. We continue to attempt to convert Shia Muslims, even bribing local religious leaders to begin to teach Sunni beliefs. We postpone the treaty of Isfahan until hostilaties are solved. As of 1908, the Islamic Caliphate, hegemon of the Arabia and Iran, officially declare war on the Roman Empire, and call our allies to arms: Morovco, All Lesser Communists States, Lombardy, Japan, the Indian Empire, and Russia
    • India answers the call from the Caliphate, and expects Japan to act similarly.
  • Ethiopian Empire: We build up our military, which is growing profusely due to the threat of war on the horizon. The Emperor proactively passes a draft law, just in case war breaks out in Africa. Multiple sections Battalions to the border between us and Rome, as well as the border between us and the Adal Colony. We also supply the native Somalians with 1,000 troops (we haven't done it yet), as long as they promise to aid us in future war efforts [MOD RESPONSE]. We also celebrate the change of our flag, and rejoice in our admission into the Holy League. We industrialize some more, with help from Rome and other European colonizers. We begin to vassalize Somalia.
  • Mod says: Somali accept the gift and the offer. (By the way, your vassalization will probably take about 7-10 years since we're trying to make it much harder to vassalize, I personally suggest creating a pro-Ethiopian coup)
  • Peoples Republic of China: With a Great War unlike any other breaking out and relations not calming, the Peoples Republic of China invades the Republic of China, despite the potential for Japanese involvement. We also declare our support for the Russians and declare war on the Roman Empire, though this is more symbolic as we are too distracted fighting the ROC. As a result of this, we ask India to aid us in defeating the ROC, due to them also being at war with Rome and their close proximity. We continue to broadcast propaganda to our citizens and that of the ROC. We also prepare for an invasion of Tibet, deploying all our troops not fighting the ROC to the border with Tibet.
  • Ban Republic of Croatia (Banska Republika Hrvatska): Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and Eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. Kotor Saraka (Adelaide) continues to expand. Draganić continues his research, elections begin in Croatia (will post results later). The elections were a sight to see! Juraj Božidar Tripalo attempted to merge the Transitional Communist party with the Communist Party, which led to discord within both parties and the nation itself. Petar Krešimir Skočibušić creates a new party just in time for the elections, called the Reformists (essentially the transitional communists) who swoop in and win the elections by far. The Reformists promise the return of glory to Croatia, and are more pan-slavic and nationalistically oriented, which promises to interesting results following the events that turned the whole world into a battlefield quite recently.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Ban Republic of Carantania (Banska Republika Karantanija): Being Alpine Slavic nation, the leaders begin a programme to create a standardized Carantanian language that will reflect on both the Slavic and Alpine (Germanic) aspects of Carantania.
    • Sukadang Županija: Croatization. Expansion onto the other parts of Borneo.
    • Spain offers to exchange its territory in East Africa for the northwestern part of Croatian Borneo.
    • Accepted.
  • Imperial Japan: The Emperor looks out of his window into the shining pearly sea of Tokyo and addresses his people.  Foreign Minister Riyu signs the Treaty of Midway, ushering a new era of peace and prosperity in the Pacific and results in an economic boom thanks to an increase in trade in the Pacific. We also observe the various wars that the world is falling into, and we prepare for a massive war by investing our new found money into a massive military build up as well as improving our economy by improving our trade routes/  Our condolensces go out to the dead Caliph. As the new century dawns, so does the new Empire of Japan with the implementation of the treaty of Beijing Japan. When Emperor Raijingusan was born the empire was a collection of Japan proper and a couple of ports, but now Japan is a shining empire in the Pacific, and is now considered a superpower in terms of vast greatness in not only territory, but also infrastructure, art, science, engineering literature, and education. The Emperor’s dream for Japan is fufilled, and as a result of the new century and new Japanese Empire there is a surge of nationalism. On the topic of literature, the book on the First-Sino Japanese War is published as well as the book “On the History of Japanese War history” and “On the History of Imperial Japan” is published. Emperor Rajiangstan himself attended New Munich, and noted “This city is a spectacular city, with lights gleaming over the fresh lakes, twinkling in the twilight, with the telephone that connects two voices from a far, and the kaleidoscope that has me see a beautiful rainbow of colors, indeed New Munich is a beacon upon a hill, and I hope Japan adopts the Borelian model of modernization.” The Emperor also returns to Tokyo, signs the Treaty of the Hague and the Treaty of Beijing, only to die, ushering an era of peace. “I was born, destined for something great, and something great I became, for I have made Japan the pinnacle of hope and light, sharing the greatness of the rising sun, to all four corners of the world. I may die today, but the Empire of Japan shall be eternal.” There is a massive memorial service held in Emperor Rajiangstan’s honor, and his first son, Emperor Heiwa to Han'ei, succeeds him, and begins to adopt the Borealian model of industrialization, trying to make Tokyo like New Munich. Seeing the German Empire quickly hand over IndoChina, Japan declares war upon and invades Spain. The Empire of Japan offers an ultimatum to the German Empire, cede Indochina to us, offer us a 10 year NAP, and give us trading rights to the German Pacific colonies of Burnei and Australia. In a major speech in Kyoto, later repeated in Tokyo, the Emperor of Japan says "With Japanese dominance secured in the Pacific as a result of their deals with Germany and Spain we turn to our new enemy, the Communist Russians. The Communists threaten our very existance as a nation and we attack them to ensure Japanese dominance and political hegemony in the Pacific and Asia. We call upon 2 million able bodied young men to bring honor to your family, friends, nation, and empire and invade the Communist menance from Japanese Siberia."
    • Empire of Northern China: With the Signing of the Treaty of Beijing Manchuria and Northern China are merged, establishing the Empire of Northern China, with Emperor Wu, Emperor Rajiangstan’s second son, as Emperor. Major reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes, factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. Mining operations also continue. the Empire is also noted as one of the most diverse places in the Japanese Empire. We invest in developing the cities of Beijing and Tianjin. Emperor Waizu marries into the the Qing Dynasty, restoring the dynasty of the Manchu Empire of old.</span></p>
    • Japanese Formosa: We invest in Formosa by implementing a massive railroad construction program as well as port construction to further the transportation of Formosa. We implement a program of both industry and agriculture in Formosa, with the industry being for Japan and the agriculture being for Formosa. We also make massive public education reform in Formosa. Industry also speeds up as a result of the wartime economy. Econ/mil turn. Industry is dedicated to the war.</span></p>
    • Japanese Shanghai: We industrialize Shanghai and upgrade its port and infrastructure, including education. We have Shanghai specialize in shipbuilding and trading, making it a hub for trade in East Asia. We rapidly increase port building to make this city a hub for trade.</span></p>
    • >Northern Philippines: We welcome the former French Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war</span></p>
    • Southern Philippines: We welcome the former Hamburgian Philippines into our empire and we begin expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, etc. We also expand our economy. Industry is dedicated to the war.</span></p>
    • >Japanese Siberia: We welcome the former Tartary territory into our empire and we begin an extensive program to rebuild the area after the war by expanding its infrastructure and industry by constructing railroads, bridges, schools, hospitals, ports, and factories. We also expan the economy of the area. Industry is dedicated to the war.</span></p>
    • Jiangsu: Major rebuilding reforms are enacted and there is immediate construction to railroads, schools, hospitals, homes factories, ports, and cities in order to rebuild Northern China after the war. We also construct a major irrigation system of Jiangsu and farm crops such as rice and wheat and make industry based on textiles and food and develop Shanghai and Nanking as important major cities. </span></p>
    • Guangdong: We begin developing the infrastructure of Guangdong by implementing major reform, and we build railroads, factories, schools, hospitals, homes, ports, and cities. In order to fuel this, we focus on developing the ports in the Pearl Delta River region making them a hub for trade in the Pacific. We open the Pearl River Delta to other nations in the Pacific and are willing to make a trade deal with them. </span></p>
    • posted by request from kawaii - Toby2: THEY CALL ME Mr. Awesome!!! 18:47, June 24, 2015 (UTC)
    • German Dip: We accept your offer to obtain Indochina, as well as trading rights in Australia and Brunei, and a 20 yr NAP, in return for Japan staying neutral.
    • Spain offers its new territory in western Borneo in exchange for Japanese enaction of Plan Q.
    • Both accepted in the name of KawaiiKame and his Japan SkyGreen24
  • Emeraldie: New construction starts on the nation's ports, farms and mines to increase the nation's exports and economic strength. The land forces is reorganised to include 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces occur. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies, the transnational railway is completed. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. Work continues on construction of the Emerald Canal (current estimates show it will be completed by 1914) and vast expansion of oil production begins after the government provides subsidies to entrepreneurs. With the booming economy, the government begins investing heavily in education and infrastructure. In other new the first domestically produced cars are built, with companies taking advantage of the growing petrol supply. The government continues the rebuilding effort. The emeraldian government offers support for any non communist nations in the upcoming war, these include reduced oil prices and a land lease policy.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: A legislative parliament is created to take care of local issues. The South Pacific station is expanded with new modern ships. The territory government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 5000 men.
  • Andea: Rapidly develops its industry. Industrial work becomes the most common field to work in. Average wage for industrial workers stands at 1000 reals, but the government set minimum wage stands at 400 reals. Yellow-Dog Contracts are offically outlawed this year in Andea. The Military expands to include 450,000 men. The Grant-Ramon 2 rifle is adopted (ATL Springfield Rifle). The navy expands dramatically, with the inclusion of Dreadnoughts and Armored Crusiers making Ironclads irrelevant. The Republican Party wins the Presidency, beating out the Nationals, Democrats, Hesperian, and the Progressives. WE ask to purchase the gains made by Brazil in Namibia.
    • Protectorate of Cape Ferdinand: rapidly develops shipyards and docks to increase the economic influence of the nation. Population stands at 150,000, and a garrison of 40,000 men remains active.
    • Protectorate of Sudafica: The nation continues to centralize. Population stands at 5 million. A garrison of 80,000 remains active.
  • Empire of Lanka: The Lankan government focuses on industrialization. Accelerated industrialization in Lanka continues. The Edict of 1891 and Waardige Accord stay in effect. Dutch architecture, arts, and culture have had a permanent effect on Lankan culture, although Lankan culture still remains with its own identity. The army remains one of the most modern in Asia due to the permanent result of European military from the Dutch throughout the protectoratecy. As the populations move to the cities, more and more men are recruited in the Lankan army. The parliament enacts nationwide conscription to reform the military, requiring all able-bodied men above twenty-one need to have at least eight years in active service, following by three years in the reserves. As the populations move to the cities, more and more men are recruited in the Lankan army. The most recent census taken in 1860, accounts for 2,992,224 citizens. The trade ports on the island remain in heavy use with expansion of trade in Asia. Significant urbanization causes the cities of Waardige, Sri Jaywardenepura Kotte, Kandy, Kalmunai, and Galle, to be flooded with people. Waardige continues to be a trade, technological and industrial center in Asia. The complex Waardige canal system sees fall in use as more and more it becomes outdated due to changes in ships. The Island Spoorwegmaatschappij starts massive construction of railroads across the islands. Religion in the empire continues to be mixed with the three main religions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Dutch Reformist being worshipped on the main island while there are a few animist natives on Nava Kotte. The Lankan navy still holds warships that were supplied during the protectoratecy.The provincie system instituted in 1773 is changed to be less feudal and more bureaucratic, which basically turns them into an administrative division. The the title of the head of the provincie is changed from Count to Emperor's Commissioner. The King's Commissioner is also the head of the parliament (provinciale staten) in the provincie. Along with there being provinciale statens, a main parliament is also created. This main parliament will be assembled on the Emperor's command, and is used to decide issues, create public projects, and pass laws for the whole empire. Last year the emperor called the main parliament to discuss the issue of public education and the idea of the creating a constitution. The Emperor and the parliament passed the Compulsory Education Act of 1886, which states that education in Lanka for the ages of five to ten is compulsory. In elementary school the children learn Sinhala and Dutch (reading and writing) and basic mathematics. Also incorporated in this act is an edict against children working over thirteen hours a day. The emperor and parliament also created a constitution that officially set up the bureaucratic system. Last year parliament wanted to start to pursue a policy of faster industrialization, and to do this they passed the Edict of 1888 which abolished the caste system and slavery as well. Lankan industrial funding is used to build factories in the capital first, and then creating factories across major cities in the empire. To assist accelearted industrialization, Lanka tries to define its national unity. The government establishes the national language to be Sinhalese, and enforces this in schools. Buddhism continues to be the national religion and is inserted into the national curriculum. Lanka starts massively producing and exporting cigars (and other uses for tobacco), rubber, and mining diamonds and other precious gems. Galle continues to be fit by the Germans to build ironclads. Ironclads continue being purchased from the Germans. Lanka signs an alliance and trade pact with Spain, and a separate trade pact is signed with India. Seeing international reactions on the Tamil language ban, the Emperor modifies the law in the Edict of 1904. The edict states that Tamil is allowed to be spoken everywhere, but only written in public places in Tamil majority areas, and on Tamil religious buildings. The Empire begins to modernize its military by purchasing weapons from Japan and Rome, and specifically the Maxim Gun from India. The empire states that it will remain neutral in the current wars thus far. No draft occurres, but the empire does make defense preparations in case of the invasion of the island.
  • People's Republic of Poland: General Secretary Sitko accepts the Russian call to arms against the Roman Empire, calling upon the nation of Poland to help in the war in any manner they can. Conscription is enforced throughout the entire nation, 500,000 people drafted into the army. The Five Year Plan that was being implemented in Bialorosja and Litwa is stalled because of the war and implementation of conscription throughout the entire country HM Starek equips 500,000 of the troops with the most modern stock weapons the military can afford. With a lack of arms for the remaining 330,000 troops, they are armed with older guns and such. The army of 830,000 men marches down by early February into North Romania, breaking the nation's neutrality. General Secretary of Poland, Iwan Sitko makes a speech in the capital of of North Romania, calling upon the people of the nation to join the cause of communism against the evil Roman Empire. After the speech, the army continues to march until they reach South Romanian border, where the fighting starts against the combination of Roman and South Romanian border. Slight gains are made, but nothing substantial is really acquired. Meanwhile, Foreign Minister Dubanowski is smuggled outside of the country to leave for New Vienna, hoping to act as an observer for the People's Entente in the Conference of New Vienna. While the Foreign Minister is gone, the diplomacy of the nation is stunted to a degree, and the funding that is usually given to peaceful communist organizations in most countries is not sent this year.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire is now at a period of peace and prosperity after a long period of war and uncertainty. Roman trade routes stretch across most of the world in the pursuit of wealth and trade goods and Roman military might remains a powerful force in Europe and other parts of the world. The Roman central government does what it can to address all of the issues of the various archonates within the Empire and ensure that their needs are met even as they help instill strength in the central government. Railroads are constructed around the nation to help connect the Empire and its peoples and steamships are used for much the same purpose on water. To further strengthen its position in Africa, the Roman government begins to make official claims in the Saharan desert north of Egypt's southern border. However, some in the Empire scoff at this, suggesting that the Empire is wasting its time claiming barren land and should focus on more resourceful areas of Africa, Asia or Europe. As European interest in Africa begins to heat up, Roman officials begin exploring possible resources or benefits from extended interaction with Madagascar, and trade and diplomats are directed there to assess the situation. Trade also expands with Hawaii, which becomes an impressive conduit of trade for Roman merchants and businesses. As such, the Empire takes an interest in Hawaii, but rather than try to annex it, as it is too far from Roman authority to do so, Roman officials instead would like to see a strong and friendly Hawaii. Weapons and officers are sent to Hawaii to help train their soldiers and protect their independence. The Roman Empire responds to the increased activity of Communist insurgency in other nations in Europe by adopting a more aggressive stance. Troops are sent to Gothia and Ruthenia to protect against potential Communist aggression from the north, and the Roman Empire begins making overtures towards Croatia, Transylvania and Vlachia to prepare their defences. The Roman Empire also deploys more troops to Italy to present a clear vanguard against potential aggression from Communist France or Lombardy, which is seen as soon falling to Communists while the Roman Empire is forbidden by treaty to intervene. The Roman Empire is concerned with the fall of the Tartary to the Communist hordes, and is particularly concerned that the Caliphate has aligned itself towards the hordes. Fears of being surrounded soon start to build up in the Roman government, and as a result the Roman government does what it can to help shore up its defenses both physical and diplomatic. The Roman Empire expands trade, industry and military training to members of the Holy League, hoping to create and re-inforce a stable and strong military alliance in the Empire's sphere of influence. The Roman Empire is forced to take drastic measures in recent years, as the expansion of Communism is considered unacceptable. Roman officials draft and generally pass Plan East, which calls for strengthening the Roman Empire's allies in the Holy League so they can protect the Roman Empire's flank while the Roman Empire concentrates on a potential eastern front. Military officers and engineers travel to Armenia, Georgia, Assyria, and Transylvania to train and improve those countries in all matters martial and industrial. The same goes for the Caliphate, hoping that the Caliphate would provide the crucial link in the chain for eastern defense. To further update the Empire's strength, the Roman Empire militarizes, and the Senate mandates that the Roman military be at a total size of 850,000 in peacetime and that a million man army must be able to be mobilized within a few weeks. Threats of Communism in Lombardy are too large to be ignored, so Roman forces militarize in Italy and pledge that no former treaty will hold Roman forces back if Lombardy becomes a clear threat. Remnants of the Vlachian government flee to the Roman Empire or Transylvania and call for intervention in Vlachia. Roman and Vlachian forces move in, securing the southern part of the country and stopping at the Wallachian-Moldavian border, as per the compromise between the Communists and Monarchists. Support for the true Vlachian government rises, and the Roman Empire provides the southern government the resources it needs to get itself back on its feet. To help stabilize its northern border, train cars full of weapons and ammo are sent to Croatia, hopefully to bolster that front. The rebel Syrians are seen as an annoyance, and as such local forces are tasked with putting them down. Troops are stationed in Syria after the cancellation of the supposed alliance, and alliances with Georgia and Assyria are affirmed again. With war declared upon the Roman Empire, the Roman Empire declares war in return and requests that all of its allies join in the defense. The military and economy are put on total war footing and all needed efforts to help the war effort are taken.
    • Tatar Empire: The fall of the Tartary is a huge surprise, and many officials fled to Roman lands. However, the Roman Empire was able to set up a puppet government claiming legitimacy from the remnants of the Tartary. The Tatar royal family is installed as the leaders of this puppet state, with much of the government based on that of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire does what it can to industrialize and modernize the puppet state, which effectively only controls the Black Sea coast. Effort is put entirely into the army, as there is no power that can challenge the might of the Roman navy in the Black Sea. Demoralized remnants of the Tartar Army along with volunteers are trained by Roman officers to help get the state back on its feet. 
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nation wide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The Franqi brothers begin experimenting with the idea of heavier-than-air flight, but the task is daunting and will take some time to perfect a flying device. They manage to create a working model which flies for several seconds. However, it isn't impressive enough and they continue their work. Following the outbreak of war, the Reman Empire declares war on France and sends troops to help the Spanish in their front.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started to be worked on.

1909

Following King Giovanni Martini’s and his government’s declaration of war to their Roman allies and their aligning with the communist cause while attacking France at the same time causes a massive rift among the Lombards. The relatively small pro-communist portion of the population supports the declaration of war on Rome, however condemn the declaration of against France. The nationalist portion of the country celebrates both attacks, wishing for Il Risorgimento and Magna Italia to occur. The portion of the populace which declares itself purely Lombard despises the attack on Rome, due to it being an ally and a member of the Holy League. In short, the Lombard society is highly divided and the majority of the population does not support the war(s) and the government.

I have no commies in my nation - Scarlet Outlaw

You do. A small number, but still present.

  • Indian Empire: Queen Farah Shah was proclaimed the Empress of India in 1888, starting a new era. The Indian population rose to about 341,772,000, and the flocking of the people to coastal cities continued, with a mass increase of population in Kolkata, Mahmudpur, Karachi, Mumbai, Surat and various other minor cities and townships throughout the state. The Indian army, equipped with semi-modern armaments stood at 720,000 troops with an additional 250,000 reserves whilst the Imperial Guard was composed of 20,000 troops and the armament industry thrived on local and national level, with armaments rarely imported from foreign nations. The Indian navy experimented on ironclads and had started production of larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate ironclads for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets with 40% of the national navy harboured at the Andaman and Kolkata ports. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Bengal, exporting various crops to foreign nations with the international jute and cotton textile production largely under Indian control. Along the same time, the Indian Renaissance were in full swing, with movements such as the Young India movement having aided in national modernisation and a massive rise in literacy and education. Moreover, promotion of industrialisation and capitalism allowed the Imperial authorities to construct a Trans-National Railway, connecting the entire Empire as well as introduction of many other commodities such as telephones, bulbs, electricity.The Indian Empire passes the Imperial Edict of 1907, demanding all foreign enclaves and territories in India to be handed over to the Indian Empire. Not able to deal with the massive amount of bullshit, India attacks Kabulistan. '[Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Khedivate of Bahamani: The Capital of Bahamani was Hyderabad and the population was 68.2 million. The Bahamani military was modernised, standing at roughly 80,000 and a major port and naval base was constructed at Mahmudpur, with 25% of the national navy harboured at Bahamani ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Bahamanis exports as well. About the same time, the Bahamani textile and fishery industries reached new heights. Launch attack upon Kabulistan
    • Khedivate of Punjab: The Capital of Punjab was Lahore and the population was 48.8 million. The Punjabi military was modernised, standing at roughly 160,000. In the economic sector, wheat played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as rice, cotton, cotton and ruits maintained a major presence in Punjabs exports as well. About the same time, the Punjabi rock-salt, sugar and leather industries were of significant importance as well. Declares war on Roman Empire
    • Khedivate of Vijaynagar: The Capital of Vijaynagar was Coimbatore and the population was 38.4 million. The Vijaynagari military was modernised, standing at roughly 120,000 with 15% of the national navy harboured at Vijaynagari ports. In the economic sector, rice played the role as a major food crop to be exported. However, other important crops such as tea, sugarcane, mango and tobacco maintained a major presence in Vijaynagars exports as well. About the same time, the Vijaynagari fishery and leather industries were of significant importance as well. Declares war on Roman Empire
    • Indian Overseas Territories: Aceh, Mauritius, Tromelin and Reunion.
  • Nederlanden- The leading member of the socialist government is killed by conspirators, causing a power struggle and allowing the whites to defeat the divided communists. The socialist government surrenders to the kingdom of netherlands. The treaty of Hague is signed. The terms are: belgium becomes a vassal of the kingdom of nederlands, the white government is reinstalled, and the Socialist Republic of the Netherlands is officially abolished. The Netherlands allows the germans to pass through belgium. We also mobilize what little we have and also recruit militias and hastily-trained infantry. The battlefront is organized into the Calais (north Belgium) front, the Ardennes front (south belgium) and Luxembourg- Metz front. By the end of the year, the Dutch kingdom declares war on France under the influence of Germany. The Dutch air force is hastily organized, performing bombing strikes with improvised "bombing vliegtuigen" (bombing aircraft). The aviators call them "bommenwerper" or in english, bombers. They are merely planes with a load of bombs carried on them. However, on the ground, the Dutch cannot make major gains, due to the lack of men to fight and relative in experience: forces that fought in the civil war amount to 15% of the forces. On the seas, the Dutch try (and in some cases fail miserably) to fight the french. Loses are heavy overall. mil and eco turn (this is part of the german's invasion of france) we also boycott the communist nations, although they probably don't care
    • Belgium-is founded, and celebrates independence. eco and mil turn
    • Luxembourg-celebrates the white victory. eco and infra turn
      • Despite playing a lot of Map Games, I'll have to admit that I have never seen this kind of bullshit. This is worse than Scar... It makes Scar look like an angel.
      • who did this, first of all, and why? 
      • I see nothing wrong in this post. I mentioned that I don't think the Dutch are fit enough to fight a war with France, but Tao has the freedom and right to decide how the civil war goes and who wins/loses. Scar's posts are much, much more implausible and completely unrealistic. - Cookie
      • I forgot to do my vassals (whoops). anyway he said he just got angry. nothing wrong with the thing
  • Romania: In Moldavia and Dobruja, we begin agricultural industrialisation. We build more factories in our nation. More collectivisation occurs. Tractors begin to be used in farms. We export many agricultural goods to our Communist allies. We defeated several Roman attacks on the Ardelean line and continue mobilization. Woman are sent to the work force.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. Meanwhile, industrialisation and modernisation continues in Korea (similar to OTL Japan's Meiji Restoration). Monarch Hyomyeong continues investing in technology and science.
  • Lombardy: Our military is continuing to increase due to war rising in Europe. Factories mostly make weapons and vehicles for our military. With the increase of factories in the nation, more jobs are being made. The employment rate has continue increase in the nation. Agriculture is our best industry in the nation. The railway industry is continuing to work on improving the tracks. Doctors are now continue to use X-rays to see the inside of people. Trade goes well with the Roman Empire. The navy continues to make ships for trade and for future tensions. We continue to build many buildings like hospitals, colleges, and banks. We continue open our borders to all people that are fleeing from nations that are falling to communism. We continue to send our 600k of troops to meet up with the Spanish army to fight the French in France. Besides troops, we also send tanks, trucks, and planes. We take out our troops in Italy, because we realize that it is a stupid move to try and unify all of the Italians, when communism is our first priority. Troops on the Roman front switch to the French front. The King tells its people to stop celebrating on what attacks we did, since the war against the commies are not done yet. The King tells the Roman King we are sorry for the attack.
  • Flag of Afghanistan (1919–1921) Kabulistan: Kabulistan, begins its attempts to modernize and catch up with the rest of the world around it. Seeing as how its neighbors have advanced ahead of them. They look to the Caliph and India's ideas and techniques to help modernize and improve upon our; infrastructure, economy, and military. Though what is troubling Kabulistan is its place in the world and the world wide conflict going on. In a shocking turn of events, Kabulistan declares war on the Caliphate. Its reasoning is forcing their Persian peoples to forcibly be converted to the Shia beliefs instead of the Sunni ones. Although Kabulistan is a Shia nation, it believes that as long as the Persians worship and practice Islam itself, there is no point in forced conversion. Its aggressive expansion has also caused a scare among the people in the region. The Kabulistani government raises 200,000 soldiers quickly, armed with the best equipment they can achieve. Their invasion occurs in the Northwestern parts of the Caliphate far enough away from them to force a massive two front war, and drastically split their resources.
  • Ethiopia: We officially declare war on The Caliphate, sending in over 225 thousand troops to fight in the Adal Colony. We also continue industrialization, hoping to spread that southwards eventually. We supply Somalia with more supplies, due to their previous agreement to help attack the Caliphate. They attack in the south, sending in 5000 (mostly Ethiopian) troops.
  • Borealia Flag 2Union of Borealia: Both the economy and military improve across all the provinces of the Union. The thriving industries now run entirely on petroleum, procured from the oil collected from Alaska and California. While the traditional hearts of each city, particularly New Vienna, continue to reflect the same idyllic Baroque style, newer expansions to these urban centers are packed with factories and other industrial equipment. Cities recently built in southern California and northern Alaska are much more developed, as some parts of the Kiatagmiut province are almost unrecognizable. The economy of the Union stems from the exportation of natural resources. San Francisco and Mamterlliq continue to be the main centers of the gold trade, while oil wells begin to speckle the coastal range of California. More oil wells are built in Upper Alaska, bringing entrepreneurs to that region. Large monopolies on lumber and animal products are also prevalent in Santiago and Pannenstiel. All of these businesses are connected with diesel trains that span the continent. As the various earlier philosophies continue to grow and factionalize, these turn into competing ideas that promote further progression and ingenuity from the younger generation. Kinetiscopes become more popular. Electrical power continues to spread, although one scientist claims to have created better light by conducting gas. A theory of quanta is developed to explain phenomenon as smaller levels, and more theories follow to develop machines at this level. The grenade is invented this year. X-rays are being used to interpret internal injuries. Airplanes begin to be built off of the Remen design in Pannenstiel. We continue to uphold the New Munich Declaration along with Algonquia, Reme, Mexaca, and Arcadia. An organization for promoting peace in the Pacific is established, whose members currently include Korea, China and Ayutthaya. As more industrial goods continue to pour in from Reme, Borealian entrepreneurs begin selling more oil, gold, lumber, and livestock to the East Coast. Industrial goods are sent to Brazil and China to improve their respective economies. Support continues to be given to the Republican rebels in China. In sympathy for the oppression of communism in Europe, a small communist party emerges this year in New Vienna. These people are viewed suspiciously, however, as communism usually has no place in Borealian culture. Not wanting to be involved with European politics, the General President announces Borealian neutrality on both wars in Europe. However, taking advantage of Germany's preoccupation, the Curia votes to annex the Colony of New Mecklenburg and release it from European imperialism, in fulfillment of the Marmtilleriq Declaration. However, many common people in the country are very outspoken against such a conflict against the motherland. We ask for the Timor Sultanate to once again aid us in ousting European oppression (mod response please). The first experimental tanks are constructed this year by an automotive company and are first deployed against the Germans.
    • The State of Australia: The ports continue to be expanded and the new city of Dandiri is built on the Pacific Coast. As more businesses are taken up by Muslim natives, the German colonists begin migrating to the new communities farther inland. Schools and media centers are established that teach Borealianist philosophy along with essential education. An irrigation program continues to be designed, with the hopes of aiding settlements in the outback. Supplies and engineers are continually sent to the Timor Sultanate to improve their industry. The Borealian navy begins convoying many of its armed forces to Australia which are no longer needed on the continent. The State of Australia deploys its military to help Borealia, convoying their troops through the region.
    • The Commonwealth of Oceana: Naval bases continue being built to enforce claims on several islands (from OTL Palau to Fiji). A major naval base is constructed on the Island of Midway in the Republic of Hawaii. Another major naval base is constructed in Fiji to complement the base on Midway. Exploration of West Antarctica continues. The Commonwealth likewise sends its navy to support the annexation of New Mecklenburg.
    • Colony of Kinshasa: The colony grows greatly this year with added territory purchased from the French at 14 million Francs. Much of the technical labor force is replaced with French colonists. A lumber company is built to complement the mining company already existing. 
    • German Dip: In response to Borealian betrayal, and a bogus accusation of imperialism, Germany will be officially severing communications and relations with Borealia for an indefinite amount of time. Furthermore, Germany will officially proscribe Borealia as a state enemy.
    • Borealian Dip: We present an ultimatum against Germany, to no longer be recognized as an enemy in return for joint control of New Mecklenburg (east and west) and full annexation in 20 years.
    • German Dip: We agree to accept the ultimatum in order to end the war.
  • Morocco: The Sultanate of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up its military, mainly the army and navy. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and the population continues to grow by adding 500,000 people every year. The population of Morocco now stands at 14.5 million people, while the number of military troops stands at 500,000 soldiers. Number of ships active in Moroccan Navy stands at 40 ironclad ships, 14 frigates, 12 cruisers and 16 destroyers. Continue mass building of early fighters and bombers on military airports, which later added into Moroccan Air Force. The nation stops expending into Africa, with a few new cities being built. Morocco continues mobilization. Roads and railroads are built between old and new cities. Fewer museums, colleges and more houses, schools, hospitals, power plants and mining plants are built. The mining plants produces materials coal, iron and now gold and copper, which later used as products from industries. Industry continues improving and few factories are built along in cities, creating jobs for people of Morocco. The telephone/communications and mosaics industries continue to grow under a few large monopolies. With parts of the country hooked up to electricity, few middle class citizens and rich citizens have light in their homes. The telegraph is popular with the rich and business people. The telephone is popular with the rich people of society. A few docks and mosques are built. The Moroccan Navy continues building a series of armored destroyers, cruisers and cargo ships which destroyers later added to Moroccan Navy and cargo ships are for trade and for future tensions. Trade with various major European powers decides economic boom of Morocco and Morocco's largest exports are mosaics and largest imports are mostly food. Artillery becomes more widely used in combat and more industries continues building a series of wartime artillery, which later added it to Moroccan Armed Forces. Meanwhile, few new trains are produced and one new railway line is opened in service. Sultan Abdelaziz continues to plan new reforms for Morocco and continues investing heavily in technology and science. Morocco starts building a series a military camps for soldiers living at Moroccan-German border and Moroccan-Spanish border. Meanwhile in cultural news, the fifth silent film with title Tarmy Hooker, is produced and released on 1 November 1909.
  • Ban Republic of Croatia (Banska Republika Hrvatska): Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of theBan Republic . With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and Eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. Kotor Saraka (Adelaide) continues to expand. Draganić continues his research. Ban Petar Krešimir, with massive support of the Sabor, declares war on Poland, citing that he, as the leader of the Slavic League, and Croatia as the protector of all Slavs must free all Wends (i.e. opressed Slavs) who are being opressed by the Northmen (originally the Wends were having issues with Saxony, and North is a reference to both Saxony in the north and the fact that communism was created in Finland). He therefore also calls Czechia, Slovakia and Silesia to join in on the war, per their previous agreement of an alliance. In hopes of increasing the morale of his troops and the support of the Polish populace, the Croatian Flag replaces the marten with the Wendish Dragon Zirnitra.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Ban Republic of Carantania (Banska Republika Karantanija): Being Alpine Slavic nation, the leaders begin a programme to create a standardized Carantanian language that will reflect on both the Slavic and Alpine (Germanic) aspects of Carantania.
    • Sukadang Županija: Croatization. Expansion onto the other parts of Borneo.
    • Croatian Africa continues to expand.
  • Commonwealth Duchy of Oldenburg: The nation continues fighting the war in France. It very quickly transpires that the bright Yellow coat of the Oldenburger infantry is not particularly suited to modern warfare. Factories churn out a replacement,mailed uniform in Feldgrau, however distinctive yellow patches and piping remain, and the yellow coat-a symbol of Oldenburger nationaloty and pride- is maintained for all units for ceremonial wear. The Oldenburger a,bass adore to Borealia announces Oldenburg's utter disappointment at Borealia's actions in Neu Mecklenburg saying that they are totally inconsistent with Borealia's previous commitment to a lasting peace with Germany. In other news, a new law is passed, exempting the Beothuk Autonomous Territory from any conscription duties, and assuring that the Beothuk Brigade will only be deployed outside the BAT with the express consent of the Beothuk Council.
  • Commonwealth Lordship of Neu Norderney: The Neu Norderney Expeditinary Force's exploits help forge a sense of national identity in Neu Norderney, and also provides impetus for the government to get its act together and properly organise a military. Borealia's moves in Neu Mecklenburg worry many Neu Norderners of all persuasions, however they are confident in the benevolence and good-intentions of our neighbour Algonquia.
  • Algonquia begins mobilization of its reserves, and puts the land and naval forces on high alert. These forces are mainly transferred north to the border with Helluland, where supplies are stockpiled and munitions readied. With the navy having abandoned battleships, major funding is put into alternative means of achieving naval power, especially submarines. A new model, the U-12, is launched this year, equipped with self-propelled torpedoes and diesel engines that enable it to operate through much of the North Atlantic. After the new submarine performs well in tests, mass production begins. Algonquian troops continue to occupy the territory gained after the Second Winter War, and it is annexed into Algonquia this year. Kitlineq expands north the max amount. Algonquia assures the Lord of Neu Norderney that the major steps taken to address Beothuk concerns preclude any invasion by ALgonquia. However, troops are sent to aid Borealia in Australia, along with a couple of the new submarines.
    • Lukaian, at the request of the locals, is renamed the Zollern Insels after is original name. A referendum is planned to determine its future status for next year.
    • Sahtudene expands the maximum amount northeast, while commerce through the northwest passage continues.
  • Russia: We are shocked, hurt, and full of rage that our once allies, the Empire of Japan, those who we have treated like bretheren, habe no attempted an invasion of our territory. One-half million regular troops are taken from the Caucasian war, and are combined with another one-half million Anti-Juror Guerrillas, are sent to siberia to fight the Japanese. Due to the many railways of the Trans Siberian Railroad, they get their quick and logistically. These troops get there relatively fast. All people in a the Far east are moved towards Krasnoyarsk, and all supplies are burned, leaving the japanese to either starve and freeze to death, or come fight open warfare against an unconventional enemy. Chlorine gas is sent to this front for the first time in Russian Warfare history, not very tested. Nests are built throughout the snowy plain, filed with sharpshooters and some primitive machine guns. Polunin makes a statement in Ayernovgrad Square. Meanwhile in the Caucasus, the war becomes a stalemate, and trenches are built. Aleksandr Polov begins to write an account, becoming known as 1909: A year on the Caucasus front.
    • Peoples Republic of tartary: continues the war
  • The Caliphate drastically improves infrastructure, industry and economy. As we seek to protect our possessions, we become less expansionist into foreign cultures and lands. We continue westernization efforts espsically in urban, developed regions, such as Baghdad. As with every year, we maintain our two Holy cities and donate a small amount of our income to charity, espsically to the poor: beggars, widows, and more of the like. We maintain our military, but the military becomes less emphizied with the signing of the pan-Asian pact, which protects the Caliphate from any foreign invasion and threats. We improve relations with the Afghans, hoping to bring them into the Pact in the near future. With the death of Caliph Hakeem bin Malik many of our young citizens call him the "Magnificent", specifically for his republican reforms, implementing the Shura. With the westernization and increasing democratic power, we begin, on a small scale, implementing railroads, especially connecting urban cities and regions. We also begin construction of a small scale Ironclad fleet, as there is no need for a large one, because of the protection of India and Japan. With the full implementation and the construction of roads, postal service, railroads, transportation and news travels faster than ever, allowing the unity of the Caliphate. We begin to encourage urban cities sto start developing their own newspapers, as along with the arrival of radios into the Caliphate, due to the Westernization Effort. We continue to support the idea of the Caliphate as a pan-Islamic state, not Pan-Arabic. The Government completely reforms, seeking Hakeem's dream of a truly democratic Caliphate. A new office is created: Sultan. The Caliph becomes only the religious leader of the Caliphate, with the Sultan being elected from the Shura. We accept the alliance Morocco offered. The Caliphate begins to become federalized, with every province of the Caliphate holding a small amount of power. We continue to attempt to convert Shia Muslims, even bribing local religious leaders to begin to teach Sunni beliefs. We postpone the treaty of Isfahan until hostilaties are solved. As of 1909, the Islamic Caliphate, hegemon of the Arabia and Iran, continue the war for liberation of Muslims in the Roman Levant. One of the last words of the Prophet: Conquer the Romans, many are inspired by the current war and the state exploits it as propaganda as thousands of pious young men flock to recruitment.  As with the Treaty of Isfahan in haitus, we go ahead and reform our policies of colonies and the colonies theirselves in Africa, changing specifically borders. 
  • Ruthenia: The Ruthenians continue their industrial development. Research on airship construction also continues. 
  • Peoples Republic of China: We advance into the ROC, our forces beating back the opposition quite easily. Peoples Liberation Army forces give minor aid to the Japanese in their invasion of Indochina. The Chinese army begins to look into the possibility of a tank as we develop scout planes for use in war. We continue spreading propaganda throughout the ROC in order to lower unrest in occupied territories. We schedule an invasion of Tibet for after WW1. 
  • Emeraldie: The land forces stand at 90,000 men, with 70,000 in reserve, modernisation of the armed forces occur. Vast industrial expansion occurs in the region following years of government encouragement and subsidies, the transnational railway is completed. We expand 800 px into the continent's interior. Work continues on construction of the Emerald Canal (current estimates show it will be completed by 1914) and vast expansion of oil production begins after the government provides subsidies to entrepreneurs. With the booming economy, the government begins investing heavily in education and infrastructure. In other new the first domestically produced cars are built, with companies taking advantage of the growing petrol supply. The government continues the rebuilding effort. The emeraldian government offers support for any non communist nations in the upcoming war, these include reduced oil prices and a land lease policy. We expand our armaments factories to meet the land lease policy targets.
    • Emeraldie Pacific Territories: A legislative parliament is created to take care of local issues. The South Pacific station is expanded with new modern ships. The territory government is granted the ability to control a small armed force to maintain peace in the region and protect from native aggression, its current numbers are around 7000 men.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire is now at a period of peace and prosperity after a long period of war and uncertainty. Roman trade routes stretch across most of the world in the pursuit of wealth and trade goods and Roman military might remains a powerful force in Europe and other parts of the world. The Roman central government does what it can to address all of the issues of the various archonates within the Empire and ensure that their needs are met even as they help instill strength in the central government. Railroads are constructed around the nation to help connect the Empire and its peoples and steamships are used for much the same purpose on water. To further strengthen its position in Africa, the Roman government begins to make official claims in the Saharan desert north of Egypt's southern border. However, some in the Empire scoff at this, suggesting that the Empire is wasting its time claiming barren land and should focus on more resourceful areas of Africa, Asia or Europe. As European interest in Africa begins to heat up, Roman officials begin exploring possible resources or benefits from extended interaction with Madagascar, and trade and diplomats are directed there to assess the situation. Trade also expands with Hawaii, which becomes an impressive conduit of trade for Roman merchants and businesses. As such, the Empire takes an interest in Hawaii, but rather than try to annex it, as it is too far from Roman authority to do so, Roman officials instead would like to see a strong and friendly Hawaii. Weapons and officers are sent to Hawaii to help train their soldiers and protect their independence. The Roman Empire responds to the increased activity of Communist insurgency in other nations in Europe by adopting a more aggressive stance. Troops are sent to Gothia and Ruthenia to protect against potential Communist aggression from the north, and the Roman Empire begins making overtures towards Croatia, Transylvania and Vlachia to prepare their defences. The Roman Empire also deploys more troops to Italy to present a clear vanguard against potential aggression from Communist France or Lombardy, which is seen as soon falling to Communists while the Roman Empire is forbidden by treaty to intervene. The Roman Empire is concerned with the fall of the Tartary to the Communist hordes, and is particularly concerned that the Caliphate has aligned itself towards the hordes. Fears of being surrounded soon start to build up in the Roman government, and as a result the Roman government does what it can to help shore up its defenses both physical and diplomatic. The Roman Empire expands trade, industry and military training to members of the Holy League, hoping to create and re-inforce a stable and strong military alliance in the Empire's sphere of influence. The Roman Empire is forced to take drastic measures in recent years, as the expansion of Communism is considered unacceptable. Roman officials draft and generally pass Plan East, which calls for strengthening the Roman Empire's allies in the Holy League so they can protect the Roman Empire's flank while the Roman Empire concentrates on a potential eastern front. Military officers and engineers travel to Armenia, Georgia, Assyria, and Transylvania to train and improve those countries in all matters martial and industrial. The same goes for the Caliphate, hoping that the Caliphate would provide the crucial link in the chain for eastern defense. To further update the Empire's strength, the Roman Empire militarizes, and the Senate mandates that the Roman military be at a total size of 850,000 in peacetime and that a million man army must be able to be mobilized within a few weeks. Threats of Communism in Lombardy are too large to be ignored, so Roman forces militarize in Italy and pledge that no former treaty will hold Roman forces back if Lombardy becomes a clear threat. Remnants of the Vlachian government flee to the Roman Empire or Transylvania and call for intervention in Vlachia. Roman and Vlachian forces move in, securing the southern part of the country and stopping at the Wallachian-Moldavian border, as per the compromise between the Communists and Monarchists. Support for the true Vlachian government rises, and the Roman Empire provides the southern government the resources it needs to get itself back on its feet. To help stabilize its northern border, train cars full of weapons and ammo are sent to Croatia, hopefully to bolster that front. The rebel Syrians are seen as an annoyance, and as such local forces are tasked with putting them down. Troops are stationed in Syria after the cancellation of the supposed alliance, and alliances with Georgia and Assyria are affirmed again. With war declared upon the Roman Empire, the Roman Empire declares war in return and requests that all of its allies join in the defense. The military and economy are put on total war footing and all needed efforts to help the war effort are taken.
    • Tatar Empire: The fall of the Tartary is a huge surprise, and many officials fled to Roman lands. However, the Roman Empire was able to set up a puppet government claiming legitimacy from the remnants of the Tartary. The Tatar royal family is installed as the leaders of this puppet state, with much of the government based on that of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire does what it can to industrialize and modernize the puppet state, which effectively only controls the Black Sea coast. Effort is put entirely into the army, as there is no power that can challenge the might of the Roman navy in the Black Sea. Demoralized remnants of the Tartar Army along with volunteers are trained by Roman officers to help get the state back on its feet. 
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. Reme elects a new president and starts to build up its navy. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. There is also the creation of New navy ships, to help modernize the Reman navy. Coal mines are built, and starts churning out coal at a consistent rate. Coal mining plants are also started to be upgraded. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nation wide railroad being considered to be built. Industrialization of river areas continue, as well as the production of textiles to cheaper the price of Reman cotton. Meanwhile, a Socialist-based party starts to gain seats in parliament, with plans to make Reme a more self-sufficient state. People are getting anxious over the threat of Communism to Reme, and vote on the crackdown of Communist sympathizers and their families. The Reman government is pleased that Pearl River has voted to join the Empire, and promises that their rights and property will be maintained. The Reman military is improved a bit in an effort to hold up its part of the Fraternal Alliance. The Franqi brothers begin experimenting with the idea of heavier-than-air flight, but the task is daunting and will take some time to perfect a flying device. They manage to create a working model which flies for several seconds. However, it isn't impressive enough and they continue their work. Following the outbreak of war, the Reman Empire declares war on France and sends troops to help the Spanish in their front.
    • Protectorate of Wolof: Wolof begins to build up its military and economy. Reman food and supplies come in to help the formerly starving nation, as well as the Reman military to help sustain order. Some representation is given in the Reman Parliament, to give Wolof a minimal say in how Reme should be run. Meanwhile, plans to industrialize the coastal areas as well as plans for fortifications are presented, and are started to be worked on.
  • Spain continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Spanish merchants and emissaries continue to sail around the world to expand the reach of Spain in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Spain also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the burgeoning growth of the economy, new jobs created in the five major cities led to more people moving to the cities. The buildings rise higher and the trains run faster, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza, Barcelona and Madrid. Cars and railways and all sorts of cool modern stuff. Spain continues to lay claim to Antarctica. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Boats and guns and cars. Spain begins to mass troops along the border with France and increases patrols around the entire coast of Spain. Spain continues to commission destroyers and increases the number of battle ready battleships in the Royal Armada. More artillery stuff. Carlo Ferreira continues to develop aeroplanes and makes great advances. The Spanish government condemns the communist nations. Spain continues to seek out dissenters in communist France to weaken the French government's strength. Spain continues to advocate the expansion of the anti-communist league. The Spanish colony of West Africa expands 8000 sq km north in the west and east, totaling 16,000 sq km. Croats in Dahomey retain their rights. Dahomey expands 8000 sq km into the interior of Africa.  The Spanish colony in southwest Africa expands 8000 sq km inland as well. Spain receives the bust of Peter Lausen from Borealia. Spain sends aid to the anti-communist forces in the Netherlands. The way across the Pyrenees is blocked off and crossing the border from either side is declared illegal. The fortification of the Vega Line continues and a naval defense perimeter around the Iberian Peninsula. Passage through the Strait of Gibraltar is tightened and all ships passing through are thoroughly inspected before being allowed to pass. The same is done in the East Indies (Malacca). The Spanish West Indies colony expands onto the islands that are close to it, between Java and Timor. After the German declaration of war on France, and the execution of Deschalier in France, a majority of the Spanish Parliament votes to invade France. Troops begin crossing the border immediately from the Vega Line. The western and southern coastlines of France are blockaded by the Royal Armada and all French ships are to be seized on sight. #NoMoreWikiaChanges
    • Algeria expands 5000 sq km south as part of the nationalistic campaign to become a great nation on the African continent. Military technology is brought in from Spain, as well as other things. The Berbers continue to gain great power in government and force the passage of the Berber Rights Act of 1907. The Fabran government is doing well.
    • Singapore also begins to develop naval technology to protect its economic interests with the aid of Spain. Singapore also greatly benefits from the newly re-invigorated trade in the region. Singapore continues to accumulate wealth as a center of trade and all that nonsense.
  • Mongolia: Following years of stagnation following Russia’s conquest of the Tartary, combined with influence from communist Russia, a revolution is staged in Mongolia toppling the weak central government. A republic is declared and revolutionary leader Peljidiin Genden is elected the first prime minister. The nation is renamed to the Mongolian People’s Republic, and begins taking steps toward a command economy. Genden orders the collectivization of Mongolian agriculture, and the liquidation of the nation’s Buddhist institutions. Military conscription becomes mandatory, and a large portion of the nation’s military begins vigorous military training. The government invests in a propaganda department, which begins distributing propaganda across the nation. Immigration to cities is encouraged, where industry is upgraded. In order to unite the nation and keep its citizens preoccupied, the nation blames the region’s problems on the Ugyhurs, and propaganda is created to turn public interest against the nation’s neighbor. With Russian support a preemptive strike is launched, prompting all out war. Our nation is fully mobilized and catches the Ugyhurs by surprise.
  • Andea: rapidly develops its industry. Industrial work becomes the most common field to work in. Average wage for industrial workers stands at 1000 reals, but the government set minimum wage stands at 400 reals. Yellow-Dog Contracts are offically outlawed this year in Andea. The Military expands to include 450,000 men. The Grant-Ramon 2 rifle is adopted (ATL Springfield Rifle). The navy expands dramatically, with the inclusion of Dreadnoughts and Armored Crusiers making Ironclads irrelevant. The Republican Party wins the Presidency, beating out the Nationals, Democrats, Hesperian, and the Progressives. WE ask to purchase the gains made by Brazil in Namibia.
    • Protectorate of Cape Ferdinand: rapidly develops shipyards and docks to increase the economic influence of the nation. Population stands at 150,000, and a garrison of 40,000 men remains active.
    • Protectorate of Sudafica: The nation continues to centralize. Population stands at five million. A garrison of 80,000 remains active.

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