For the rest of Queen Sophia's reign, the three kingdoms advanced and borders were broken down as cultures seeped across the boundaries. Scottish religion became the most prevalent, English language dominant and Irish music and literature became popular. However the military strengthened its hold as the Queen focused on cultural issues and gave the military a free reign. The military regime spread from Ireland to Wales, parts of Northern England and parts of Highland Scotland, the military regime appealing to the inherent militarism of their cultures. When Sophia died the weak George I took the throne.
George I, who had very little knowledge of the English language, delegated power to the Captain General of Ireland. He spread the militarist regime across Great Britain, establishing Captaincies across the countries, abolishing the Scottish nobility and the English civilian bureaucracy. George I died peacefully in 1727.
George II took a more active role in his country. Under him, Captaincies were spread across national borders. In 1740, he united England and Scotland into Great Britain, adopting the flag created in 1606 by the royal vexillologists. He expanded the colonies in North America. However the conscription introduced by the military regime reduced popularity in the government and his behaviour as King, consorting with the French when they were officially at war reduced his popularity further. George II died and his son George succeeded.
George III proved an incompetent king, suffering from a disease which appeared to be a mental problem. He isolated himself from government and the military tightened control further, creating a series of castes to hold down the country. Overseas they tightened up control on the American colonies and taxed them heavily. Unfortunately the American colonists took umbrage at this, since they had been free of the militaries control for some time. The Americans revolted crushing the army sent against them then sending their own fleet to Britain. The British needed no encouragement. They exploded in Revolution, and headed for London. The military regime was toppled and the King forced to flee to South Africa where he founded the Kingdom of the Cape. This became a traditional absolutist monarchical regime though future monarchs were always careful not to antagonise the population. The militarist political leaders fled to the Miskito where the Despotate of Miskita was founded and run like an enormous boot camp. In Britain the Revolutionaries established the British First Republic. The Union Flag was maintained as the National Flag.
However, the new British government proved inept and after five years of misrule, the British Second Republic was established and a banner of red, green and white established as the flag. This new government isolated itself from Europe and concentrated on its colonies, which were seen as the heart of the Revolution. Unfortunately, the democracy collapsed and it turned into a dictatorship which began what was known as the Terror, where hundreds, if not thousands went to their deaths for sedition. At the end of this period there was another revolution and the monarchy was re-established.
In 1792, the British Union was established, with George III's second son, Frederick as its King. In his lifetime, he reformed the military, expanded control in India, stabilised politics and improved the economy. He also forged alliances with Austria and Prussia, in an attempt to maintain the balance of power in Central Europe. However the years of his reign in the nineteenth century would be dominated by the French Revolution which lead to the reign of Napoleon.