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| Abraham Lincoln|
| Stephen Douglas|
| John Breckinridge|
| John Bell|
|Alabama||9||not on ballot||13,618||15.1||-||48,669||54.0||9||27,835||30.9||-||90,122||AL|
|Arkansas||4||not on ballot||5,357||9.9||-||28,732||53.1||4||20,063||37.0||-||54,152||AR|
|Florida||3||not on ballot||223||1.7||-||8,277||62.2||3||4,801||36.1||-||13,301||FL|
|Georgia||10||not on ballot||11,581||10.9||-||52,176||48.9||10||42,960||40.3||-||106,717||GA|
|Louisiana||6||not on ballot||7,625||15.1||-||22,681||44.9||6||20,204||40.0||-||50,510||LA|
|Mississippi||7||not on ballot||3,282||4.7||-||40,768||59.0||7||25,045||36.2||-||69,095||MS|
|New Jersey||7||58,346||48.1||4||62,869||51.9||3||partial fusion ticket with Douglas||121,215||NJ|
|New York||35||337,546||50.0||-||337,610||50.0||35||fusion ticket with Douglas||675,156||NY|
|North Carolina||10||not on ballot||2,737||2.8||-||48,846||50.5||10||45,129||46.7||-||96,712||NC|
|Rhode Island||4||12,244||61.4||4||7,707||38.6||-||fusion ticket with Douglas||19,951||RI|
|Tennessee||12||not on ballot||11,281||7.7||-||65,097||44.6||-||69,728||47.7||12||146,106||TN|
|Texas||4||not on ballot||18||0.0||-||47,454||75.5||4||15,383||24.5||-||62,855||TX|
South Carolina's vote
In South Carolina, the electors were chosen by the state legislature. South Carolina's electors, knowing that Douglas and Breckenridge would finish 1-2, decided to vote for Bell, even though they preferred Breckenridge, because that would eliminate Lincoln from consideration.
Final Electoral Vote
- Douglas/Johnson (North D) - 108
- Breckenridge/Lane (South D) - 94
- Bell/Everett (CU) - 56
- Lincoln/Hamlin (R) - 54
As a result, the House got to vote on the president between Douglas, Breckenridge and Bell and the Senate could choose either Johnson or Lane as the new VP. Abraham Lincoln finished last, although he won the popular vote.
House of Representatives Runoff
Per the Constitution, each state's delegation could cast one vote for president, which would be determined based upon majority vote within that delegation. There were 33 states at the time within the Union, so 17 states were required to be elected president.
As expected, the Southern delegations of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Texas voted for Breckenridge, as did the sole representative from Joseph Lane's home state. Missouri's all-Democrat delegation would vote for Breckenridge, even though the citizens of their state chose Bell as president. This gave the Breckenridge/Lane ticket 11 states.
The Border States of Kentucky, Delaware, Maryland, Tennessee, and Virginia voted for Bell.
California voted for Douglas, however most northern states had Republican majorities in Congress.
The Republicans tried to get concessions from the other 3 parties and eventually made a deal to elect the centrist Constitutional Union ticket instead of either Democrat ticket. This meant that the United Stats would have a president and vice president of different parties for the first time in 36 years and for only the 2nd time ever.
The Senate had to choose the new vice president between Georgian former Senator Herschel Johnson and General Joseph Lane of Oregon. Both were pro-slavery. Lane would defeat Johnson 44-22, as Senators voted regionally.
The result of this election was highly controversial and many began to criticize the electoral college itself. Republicans were shocked that their candidate had finished 4th despite winning the popular vote and that the candidate who finished last in the popular vote became the new president. Democrats blamed their losing the White House on party disunity and the 2 factions of the Democracy would reunite by 1864. However, the Constitutional Union and Republican Parties were clearly major parties and it appeared that America would become the world's first 3-major party republic.