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1830 to 1839 (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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Archive Forty-Two:

1820 - 1829

Archive Forty-Three:

1830 - 1839

Archive Forty-Four:

1840 - 1849

This page is an archive for the Principia Moderni III map game, from 1830 to 1839.

1830

With California breaking off from French control, other issues spring up in nearby colonies. Mexaca begins to become more and more restless, states to the south are also seeing some protests. Even French Texas sees some political action.

The Shun solidify their control over Chinese areas. They enact wide reaching reforms to help manage China and to continue their rule.

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. New Mecklenburg in OTL Australia expands by 750 px. The Second Treaty of Königsberg is signed this year, finally, and the realm celebrates. Of the thirty-five representatives elected in Southern Prussia while it was occupied, twenty-nine opt to accept the offer of serving their districts in the Hanoverian Parliament. When they enter the chamber to take their seats, they, like all those who first enter to serve in the Parliament, take the Oath of Allegiance to the Crown, the Realm, and the People of it. They replace the provisional ministers appointed before the war, and the remaining wait for the results of the elections in their own districts. Meanwhile, diplomats arrive in Ayutthaya, offering that country to become a protectorate. (Mod response, please)
  • Denied, sit down!
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colonies of Haejagang (해자강) and Baeglyeongyo (백련교) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. The colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: Under pressure from the Prince-Bishop of Osnabruck/President of the High Council, the Landtag passes a law banning Finger Boxes from Oldenburg and its colonies. The law is immediately and violently unpopular. Incensed, students at the University of Osnabruck (the Duchy's oldest and most prestigious university) go on strike. This is not particularly unusual for the students of Osnabruck University [remember the Great Student Strike of 1560?]. However, the immense undercurrent of anger is. Soon, the protest grows in scope, opposing not just the mean anti-Finger Box law, but also the quite undemocratic system which allowed the passing of such an unfair and unpopular law [remember, the Landtag is still elected on a strictly property-limited suffrage]. As the year draws to a close, the government is growing increasingly worried at the large numbers of ordinary citizens joining the student protestors. The economy goes well though, as the students are out spending more money.
  • Tibet: We are building up our forces in fear of an attack on our borders.
  • Netherlands: Netherlands continues to improve its economy and build up military. For greatest of all, Industry is improved, mostly new are built in largest populated areas of Netherlands thanks to opening of the first Dutch industry in Amsterdam by Dutch workers. Population continues to grow faster due to industrial revolution and the first Dutch steam-power train has successfully drive on a railway station in Rotterdam.
    • Brunei: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The state expands south by 500 sq km.
    • Malacca: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Upper Makassar: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Sunda: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands south by 500 sq km.
    • Nigeria: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands north by 500 sq km.
    • Oyo: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • South Africa: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands by 500 sq km north.
    • The Guianas: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands south by 500 sq km.
    • Colombia: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Algonquia:: Requests to purchase the port of OTL St Johns in Dutch Newfoundland.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. Father Moreno is voted out of office this year, and replaced with the wealthy politician Habel Sterns. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. An experimental telephone is first demonstrated at a novelty fair in New Vienna. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt, along with typewriters imported from Arcadia. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. A census this year reports that the population has reached seven million. The new steam ships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as Mount Moreno (OTL Mount McKinley). As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. The war in California continues, although it is taking much longer than originally anticipated, the military is relieved by the aid of Algonquia, Reme, and New Bavaria. While the French military is vast, it proves to be largely impenitent after being lax for so many years. The common people of the colony are enthusiastic, seeing the Borealians as liberators from foreign tyranny. Some local governors begin to defect to the provisional government.
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor.
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 26 million, and continues growing. The Buenas Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenas Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France, and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power. With their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea, totaling about 5000 from Andea proper. In order to better support our ally Osea, we withdraw our alliances with Buenos Aires and Uruguay and declare them illegitimate nations. The capital is relocated to Buenas Noches, which stands at 40,000 people. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. Upper Peru joins Andea proper.
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 105,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation and Spaniards leave the nation. In total, 10,000 Andean settlers arrive and 5000 Spaniards leave. Ties with Andea and South Chile deepen, with the Buenas Noches Constitution being adopted in the nation. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate.
    • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 31,000, as Andean settlers come and Spaniards go. In total, 5000 Andea settlers come and 2000 Spanish leave. Ties with Andea deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate.
    • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 36,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 60,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at eight million, mostly Andean settlers who relocated for the cheap land. Ties between Andea and Vorlayacor deepen,as the Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. The Andean Government also projects the idea that the only way to stop assimilation from occurring is for the Mapuche and Andeans to remain united.
  • Nordic Union: The economy and military of Scandinavia and Britannia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Urbanization in London leads to rapid industrialization of southern Britannia. This also happens in Copenhagen and Oslo. While Oslo celebrates the explosion of population, Copenhagen starts seeing overcrowding issues. Incentives to resettle in Finnish and Icelandic areas are enacted. Scandinavia and Britannia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Nordic iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. The British colonies, in the meantime, provide bountiful food for the Nordic Union. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Pskov, the Roman Empire, and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian and British courts. The ports in Iceland and London are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach twenty million by 1830. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. In political news, the House of Scandinavia-Britannia continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia wishes to become closer to the Dutch. Centuries ago, the Northern Trading Pact had solidified British, Scandinavian and Dutch relations alike. King Nikolos IV says that he would like to return to this. In the meantime, Scandinavia begins considering selling its colonies to Arcadia in exchange for gold. The Nordic Union would back Arcadia in its dealings. Furthermore, Arcadia is encouraged to break ties with Borealia. Scandinavia realizes that it is no longer profitable to keep its colonies. The colonies, which have been incredibly successful, are considered for independence. Instead, Scandinavia elects to sell Huronsmark, Jansylvania, New Gotland, Ohijo, Sjosmark, Strombek and Vinland to Arcadia for <ANDY, NAME PRICE HERE>.
    • Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Scandinavia-Britannia, a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand their navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 5000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Hondeklip: The military of this African colony expands. In the meantime, Hondeklip expands by 1000 sq km.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. Iceland begins to expand its outpost on Greenland by 10,000 sq km this year. The iron mines in Iceland lead to several entrepreneurs flocking to Iceland in the interest of expanding their personal fortunes.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • Mexaca: The people of Mexaca begin becoming restless. In the meantime, the military and economy expand.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expand.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • Arcadia: The Dominion of Arcadia (the former colonies of Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire) The Army and Navy see a significant bump in funding as technological advancements continue. Most of the central coastal area is now experiencing a boom in industrialization. Arcadia announces that, while it cares for the well-being of natives, and has volunteer fighting forces ready to support the New Munich declaration, Borealia and Algonquia are reminded that Arcadia's prime objective is the security and survival of the state. We will allow our volunteer groups to fulfill obligations, but unless Arcadia itself is directly threatened, We prefer neutrality, and have plans on dealing with European presence that does not involve war. Arcadia expresses its continued interest in purchasing the nearby Scandinavian colonies for a handsome sum. The nation sees this as an opportunity to peacefully expand as well as ensure the protection of the native populations. Arcadia agrees to normalize relations with Algonquia and offers mutual military exercises. Arcadia begins building more and more factories, intent on building up a huge, independent economy. Arcadia offers exclusive trade deals to free states in Borealia, mainly textiles, munitions and iron. Charles Mik'am'mi, a L'nu statesman and inventor, develops a version of something called a typewriter useing small pins with the reverse letters, he invents the QWERTY keyboard to make typing more natural. He is invited by President Westinghouse to the Presidental Manor to showcase his new invention, as the President himself has always been a tinkerer at heart. Impressed, he decides to fund Mik'am'mi's invention and orders one to be placed in Federal offices. Flush with capital, Mik'am'mi decides to found Borealian Type Corporation and begins manufacturing and selling in Arcadia. Edmund Kerring, a Scandinavia/Ln'u native and a member of the Office of War proposes centralizing the national finances, championing a national bank for more centralized control of finances and better able to fund the various apparatuses of the government. He faces opposition from others who fear a more centralized government could lead to the oppression back under Britannic rule. The War Office begins to experiment with the telegraph to have better communication. The Navy begins modifying its ships with steam engines, finally defeating the age old enemy of sail, the wind. Arcadia openly supports California's independence and pledges weapons, finances and soldiers to help in their fight for freedom. Arcadia offers to purchase Scandinavia's colonies for 38 million Krone as well as exclusive trade rights to the booming shipwright industry for a period of 20 years. All alliances and obligations will be upheld by the purchasing nation, that does not interfere with the independence of Borealian states unless otherwise specified
    • The Commonwealth of Borealia: Asks that Arcadia send military aid for the invasion and liberation of California.
    • Arcadia: We have pledged support to their independence cause and mobilize 3500 soldiers for rapid deployment. We would deploy more but financials are still a but dodgy.

Algonquia: Launches huge-scale modernization efforts, focusing on the military, economy and infrastructure. Focus on modernizing the navy and creating an effective ferry service to link the nation together results in the launch of new and more modern ships. The military expands to 50,000, and continues to rearm with modern weaponry. The government also focuses on increasing the nation's capacity to produce muskets, artillery and other such weapons. A rudimentary telegraph line is laid between Aksimiki and Mackinac in the south. All vassals also modernize, although more slowly. Algonquian merchants begin to look for trade opportunities in more far-flung markets, like Hesperia and the Imperial Sea. Troops continue to assist Borealia in California.

  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League. (I assume this is allowed, if another mod has issue with this, let me know).
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time.
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics.
    • Judea: The land is put under temporary military occupation as the Zevi family moves in and aids in the Roman occupation. Jerusalem is declared liberated by the Romans for the second time since its capture by the Muslims, and the Romans are keenly aware of the wars that resulted in its loss before. To that end, economic and military growth are used to restore the land and keep the peace.
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, Colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (in Falcon Venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. The government agrees on giving the Californian state or region self rule recognizing its own right to determine its destiny, however, remaining a territory of the Borealian Domain. The colony of Emeraldia is given free state status with the official name of Etat-livre du Nouvelle Orleans.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government.
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1830, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1827, several textile factories and manufacturing foundries open up in Landshut, and they soon employ child labour in order to largen the workforce. Barely anyone complains about this as child labour becomes a large source of income for many impoverished families. In other news, rumors fly concerning the dissolution of the now-defunct RBSC. These rumors become reality in 1828 when the RBSC officially dissolves. Many people go out of work, and a slight economic downturn takes place. However, nothing major occurs and many people find jobs in the industrial sector. The process of incorporating Pomerania and Brandenburg begins this year (Turn Five of Five) when Franz-Rudolph decides that both countries should be under Bavaro-German sovereignty if a united Germany is ever to be dreamed of. Bavaria continues aiding the Borealians. In Europe, many women and religious minorities who previously ample work in the court have now been pushed down the social ladder by King Franz-Rudolph's conservative ascendancy. In other news, several textile companies grow prominent in Munich and Passau. In Austrian news, Anna von Habsburg-Wittelsbach begins planning for another gubernatorial campaign.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%. The Diet is once more suspended in 1790 following the Augsburg Revolt and subsequent period of instability.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1827. The Curia is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1832.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. After a long, heated discussion of how Reme would governed, the tribal representatives (as well as notable Byzantine-Borealians) decide to create a republic, with a basic constitution that would be given basic rights to citizens of Reme. After these discussions, a rich Byzantine-Borealian named Stephanos Shawnee, and becomes the first President of Reme. Shawnee starts to upgrade trade and military services. However seeing Reme, a new nation, vulnerable to foreign attack, starts to encourage militarization of the west, and opens up to military alliances with other nations. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. Shawnee also commands the creation of a couple new navy ships, to help modernize the outdated Remian navy.

1831

Mexaca sees more and more unrest, and steadily, more and more natives begin protesting for their own rights and role in government.

The Muslim state in Australia makes some headway, converting numerous tribes in the interior and expanding farther south. The government of this state makes efforts to open up trade links with French and Roman traders.

I'm assuming you mean the Marrikuwuyanga? -Callumthered (talk)

Yes, that thing. -MP

The Somalians of the Ogaden Highlands further their consolidation into statehood, and begin appealing to other tribes farther east to join their confederation. Some do, while others hold back.

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. New Mecklenburg in OTL Australia expands by 750 px. Also in New Mecklenburg, the northern frontier towns begin forification construction, in the event the Muslim states turn their attention towards Hamburg's Christian settlers. A similar process begins in Hamburgian East Africa. With the death of the Dutch King, equally Holy Roman Emperor, and the empire no longer distracted with a foreign war, King Wilhelm invites the imperial electors to Frankfurt to crown a new emperor (Gonna need mod decisions for Trier, Cologne, Palatinate, and Mainz).

http://i.imgur.com/t2FXDsw.png Flag of Reme.png http://i.imgur.com/3Gf1anX.png Coat of Arms Reme.png

  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. After a long, heated discussion of how Reme would governed, the tribal representatives (as well as notable Byzantine-Borealians) decide to create a republic, with a basic constitution that would be given basic rights to citizens of Reme. After these discussions, a rich Byzantine-Borealian named Stephanos Shawnee, and becomes the first President of Reme. Shawnee starts to upgrade trade and military services. However seeing Reme, a new nation, vulnerable to foreign attack, starts to encourage militarization of the west, and opens up to military alliances with other nations. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. Shawnee also commands the creation of a couple new navy ships, to help modernize the outdated Remian navy. Reme invades Tribes 32 and 16 for economic reasons. Siege equipment is deployed and a military amount of 25,000 troops are sent into those nations.
  • Tibet:Continued build up.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colonies of Haejagang (해자강) and Baeglyeongyo (백련교) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. The colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The protest against the Anti-Finger-Box Laws grows hugely in the early months of the year, with the general populace joining the university students. No longer just about the Anti-Finger-Box legislation, the protest morphs into a general protest at the undemocratic nature of the Landtag, and the government in general. By summer's height, thousands of protestors have taken up a constant protest outside the House of Government. Paralysed by fear, the Landtag does nothing, whilst the Prince-Bishop of Osnabruck/President of the High Council flees the country, leaving the High Council leaderless. The army is deployed to keep the protestors outside the House's gates. Eventually, Duke Conrad, riding on a white horse and draped in the Oldenburger flag, rides up to the protestors and offers to personally negotiate with them. Over the course of a week, the Duke and his advisors negotiate with the protest leaders. Their demands are simple: the property restrictions on Landtag suffrage be significantly lowered, as presently only about 5-10% of the population can actually elect members to the Landtag; the resignation of the Prince-Bishop-President; and the repeal of the Anti-Finger-Box Law. Using his personal dispensing powers for the first time in his thirty-four year reign, Duke Conrad enacts the Landtag Reform Act (1831), which will lower property qualifications so as many as 50% of male householders will be able to vote (!). He also forces the Landtag to repeal the offending Act. The Prince-Bishop-President sends his resignation as Prince-Bishop of Osnabruck to the Pope, and goes off to a monastery for retirement. The current Landtag reluctantly accepts the Duke's reform bill, and announces that the first election under the new franchise will take place next year.
  • Andea: The Los Federales take power in the Congress of Buenos Noches this year. With a population of 26,000,000, overcrowding becomes an issue in Andea proper. As a result, many Andeans begin to relocate to the territories of Chile, Apeac, and Voryloclayr. In Total, 135,000 leave the territory, with 55,000 going to Chile, 25,000 going to Apeac, and 50,000 to Voryloyclayr. Some Settlers find their way to Aymara and Tiwanku. Kurillianka takes the throne in both Andea and Voryloyclayr. Buenos Noches continues to grow, with a population of 65,000. Cuzco Remains the largest Cities, with a population of 185,000. Military stands at 200,000 active men, and another 200,000 in reserve.
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 170,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation. Census results show that the Population is made up of mostly Spanish (36%), Spanish-Quechua Mixed (30%), and Andean/Quechua (10%). The most spoken language is Quechua. The nation sees a slight increase in its industry, more so than its neighbors.
    • Empire of the Aymara: The Kingdoms of Aymara and Tiwanku merge to form the Empire of Aymara. The nation's population stands at 76,000, with overcrowding being a slight issue, though not at major in Andea proper. Unlike Chile, Aymara has a Quechua or Quechua-Spanish mixed, (26% and 44% respectively).
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 80,000, as Andean settlers come in, seeking more land then they can get in their homeland. 4000 militiamen remain activated in the territory. 20,000 Andean Military men remain active in the territory.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at eight million. Military stands at 25,000 active men, with another 20,000 in reserve. Andean Military bases have 15,000 men stationed.
  • Netherlands: Netherlands continues to improve its economy and build up military. For greatest of all, Industry is improved, mostly new are built in largest populated areas of Netherlands thanks to opening of the first Dutch industry in Amsterdam by Dutch workers. Population continues to grow faster due to industrial revolution and farming is Netherlands's major industry. Netherlands accepts Algonquia's request, sells OTL St Johns in Dutch Newfoundland to Algonquia.
    • Brunei: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The state expands south by 500 sq km.
    • Malacca: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Upper Makassar: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Sunda: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands south by 500 sq km.
    • Nigeria: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands north by 500 sq km.
    • Oyo: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • South Africa: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands by 500 sq km north.
    • The Guianas: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands south by 500 sq km.
    • Colombia: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
  • Arcadia: The Dominion of Arcadia (the former colonies of Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire) The Army and Navy see a significant bump in funding as technological advancements continue. Most of the central coastal area is now experiencing a boom in industrialization. Arcadia begins building more and more factories, intent on building up a huge, independent economy. Arcadia offers exclusive trade deals to free states in Borealia, mainly textiles, munitions and iron. Charles Mik'am'mi, a L'nu statesman and inventor, develops a version of something called a typewriter useing small pins with the reverse letters, he invents the QWERTY keyboard to make typing more natural. He is invited by President Westinghouse to the Presidental Manor to showcase his new invention, as the President himself has always been a tinkerer at heart. Impressed, he decides to fund Mik'am'mi's invention and orders one to be placed in Federal offices. Flush with capital, Mik'am'mi decides to found Borealian Type Corporation and begins manufacturing and selling in Arcadia. Edmund Kerring, a Scandinavia/Ln'u native and a member of the Office of War proposes centralizing the national finances, championing a national bank for more centralized control of finances and better able to fund the various apparatuses of the government. He faces opposition from others who fear a more centralized government could lead to the oppression back under Britannic rule. The War Office begins to experiment with the telegraph to have better communication. The Navy begins modifying its ships with steam engines, finally defeating the age old enemy of sail, the wind. Arcadia openly supports California's independence and pledges weapons, finances and sends 5000 soldiers to help in their fight for freedom. Arcadia offers to purchase Scandinavia's colonies for 38 million Krone as well as exclusive trade rights to the booming shipwright industry for a period of 20 years. All alliances and obligations will be upheld by the purchasing nation, that does not interfere with the independence of Borealian states unless otherwise specified. Steamships begin to replace the aging sail navy, especially along the coasts and rivers. Two new munitions factories open in St John. The first stereoscope is invented by Faraday MacGilliana Scottish born inventor who lives in St John. at only 17, he is one of the youngest and brightest inventors in Arcadia.
  • Algonquia: Launches huge-scale modernization efforts, focusing on the military, economy and infrastructure. Focus on modernizing the navy and creating an effective ferry service to link the nation together results in the launch of new and more modern ships. The military expands to 50,000, and continues to rearm with modern weaponry. The government also focuses on increasing the nation's capacity to produce muskets, artillery and other such weapons. A rudimentary telegraph line is laid between Aksimiki and Mackinac in the south. All vassals also modernize, although more slowly. Algonquian merchants begin to look for trade opportunities in more far-flung markets, like Hesperia and the Imperial Sea. Troops continue to assist Borealia in California. Two million genders are paid to the Netherlands for OTL St Johns, Newfoundland, which provides an excellent naval base. Many fishermen also use it to access the lucrative Grand Banks.
    • North Ojibwe: The vassal of North Ojibwe continues to modernize the military and economy. Industrialization begins, and a small fleet is built for use on the lake.
    • Nipissing: Nipissing continues to modernize its small military, and prospers as an agricultural centre, especially for animal herding. Milk, cheese, meat and musk oxen hides are exported. Some domesticated buffalo arrive in Nippising from further west.
    • Odawa: Odawa improves its military, and focuses on industrialization in emulation of Algonquia. Mackinac prospers, and is treated as the nation's "second city".
    • Hielijan: Newly purchased from the Dutch, the city becomes a major naval base and fishing centre. A new citadel begins construction, port facilities are upgraded, and merchants rush to buy warehouses in the area. Thousands of Beothuk emigrate from the rest of Newfoundland, swelling the population.
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor.
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1831, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1827, several textile factories and manufacturing foundries open up in Landshut, and they soon employ child labour in order to largen the workforce. Barely anyone complains about this as child labour becomes a large source of income for many impoverished families. In other news, rumors fly concerning the dissolution of the now-defunct RBSC. These rumors become reality in 1828 when the RBSC officially dissolves. Many people go out of work, and a slight economic downturn takes place. However, nothing major occurs and many people find jobs in the industrial sector. Bavaria continues aiding the Borealians. In Europe, many women and religious minorities who previously ample work in the court have now been pushed down the social ladder by King Franz-Rudolph's conservative ascendancy. In other news, several textile companies grow prominent in Munich and Passau. In Austrian news, Anna von Habsburg-Wittelsbach begins planning for another gubernatorial campaign.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%. The Diet is once more suspended in 1790 following the Augsburg Revolt and subsequent period of instability.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1832.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Nordic Union: The economy and military of Scandinavia and Britannia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Urbanization in London leads to rapid industrialization of southern Britannia. This also happens in Copenhagen and Oslo. While Oslo celebrates the explosion of population, Copenhagen starts seeing overcrowding issues. Incentives to resettle in Finnish and Icelandic areas are enacted. Scandinavia and Britannia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Nordic iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. The British colonies, in the meantime, provide bountiful food for the Nordic Union. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Pskov, the Roman Empire, and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian and British courts. The ports in Iceland and London are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach twenty million by 1830. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. In political news, the House of Scandinavia-Britannia continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia wishes to become closer to the Dutch. Centuries ago, the Northern Trading Pact had solidified British, Scandinavian and Dutch relations alike. King Nikolos IV says that he would like to return to this. Scandinavia accepts the Arcadian deals. In the meantime, Mexaca is granted independence on the conditions that it remains a Commonwealth nation allied with Scandinavia. In the meantime, Vijaynagar, Bahmani, and Bengal are all offered protectorate status.
    • Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Scandinavia-Britannia, a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand their navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 10,000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Hondeklip: The military of this African colony expands. In the meantime, Hondeklip expands by 1000 sq km.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. Iceland begins to expand its outpost on Greenland by 20,000 sq km this year. The iron mines in Iceland lead to several entrepreneurs flocking to Iceland in the interest of expanding their personal fortunes.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • Mexaca: The people of Mexaca begin becoming restless. In the meantime, the military and economy expand.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expand.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League. (I assume this is allowed, if another mod has issue with this, let me know).
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time.
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics.
    • Judea: The land is put under temporary military occupation as the Zevi family moves in and aids in the Roman occupation. Jerusalem is declared liberated by the Romans for the second time since its capture by the Muslims, and the Romans are keenly aware of the wars that resulted in its loss before. To that end, economic and military growth are used to restore the land and keep the peace.
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, Colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (in Falcon Venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. The government agrees on giving the Californian state or region self rule recognizing its own right to determine its destiny, however, remaining a territory of the Borealian Domain. The colony of Emeraldia is given free state status with the official name of Etat-livre du Nouvelle Orleans.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government.
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. The steam locomotive is invented, and plans are in place to construct track across the eastern plains. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt, along with typewriters imported from Arcadia. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. A census this year reports that the population has reached seven million. The new steamships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as Mount Moreno (OTL Mount McKinley). As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. The war in California continues with the aid of Algonquia, Arcadia Reme, and New Bavaria. With the rebels supporting the Borealian occupation, the colonial government begins to collapse within itself. The war is expected to end next year. The provisional government is given official authority over the occupied territory. Support is given to the rebels in Mexaca and Texas.

1832

Colonial issues continue to agitate colonial authorities and spread, especially in the Mexaca Valley area. Mexaca becomes independent, and a man by the name of Hernando Cuauhtémoc emerges as their leader and Emperor. He begins centralization of Mexaca and begins looking south for more colonial rebellions.

Already granted them independence

Yes, this mod event was modified to account for that fact.

Brazil also begins to see some issues as some nobles and plantation owners protest the lack of government oversight and apparent stagnation in the Portuguese government.

The Somalis continue to centralize and further establish their sultanate.

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. New Mecklenburg in OTL Australia expands by 750 px. Ostland, also known as Hamburgian Eritrea and Somalia, continues fortifying its inner frontiers in the case the Somali tribes turn to them. In Frankfurt, with the votes of Oldenburg and Hamburg submitted, and the seemingly unwillingness of the remaining electors to cast in favor of anyone, it appears that Conrad of Oldenburg will become the next Emperor. It is theorized in the Hamburgian populace that King Wilhelm's vote for Conrad was influenced by his older age (nearing 70), and the increasingly questioned mental health of his son and heir, Ferdinand.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to integrate the former Tartar vassals of Cherniv and Azov into their nation.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colonies of Haejagang (해자강) and Baeglyeongyo (백련교) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. The colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 500 sq km.

http://i.imgur.com/t2FXDsw.png Flag of Reme.png http://i.imgur.com/3Gf1anX.png Coat of Arms Reme.png

  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. After a long, heated discussion of how Reme would governed, the tribal representatives (as well as notable Byzantine-Borealians) decide to create a republic, with a basic constitution that would be given basic rights to citizens of Reme. After these discussions, a rich Byzantine-Borealian named Stephanos Shawnee, and becomes the first President of Reme. Shawnee starts to upgrade trade and military services. However seeing Reme, a new nation, vulnerable to foreign attack, starts to encourage militarization of the west, and opens up to military alliances with other nations. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. Shawnee also commands the creation of a couple new navy ships, to help modernize the outdated Remian navy. Reme continues invading Tribes 32 and 16 for economic reasons. Siege equipment is deployed and a military amount of 25,000 troops are sent into those nations.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The first election under the new suffrage system takes place this year. The new parliament is filled with a lot of new and inexperienced MPs, the vast majority of which are completely independent of any political affiliation. This so-called "Volkslandtag" (People's Parliament) is fairly unweildy, and struggles to achieve much. However, before the year's end it does achieve one significant act: the Serfdom Abolition Act officially frees the few remaining serfs in Oldenburg, giving them full rights as subjects. The military expands. A new Prince-Bishop of Osnabruck is ordained. He is much less strict and coservative than his predecessor, and is already quite popular amongst the poor. His Grace takes the Presidency of the High Council and uses his influence to help the Landtag become a more workable body.
  • Andea: The Los Federales take power in the Congress of Buenos Noches this year. With a population of 26,500,000, overcrowding becomes an issue in Andea proper. As a result, many Andeans begin to relocate to the territories of Chile, Apeac, and Voryloclayr. This Year, another 120,000 leave Andea proper, with most of them finding their way to Chile and Voryloclayr. Kurillianka takes the throne in both Andea and Voryloyclayr. Buenos Noches continues to grow, with a population of 65,000. Cuzco Remains the largest Cities, with a population of 185,000. Military stands at 200,000 active men, and another 200,000 in reserve. Andea seeks a trade agreement with Borelia.
  • Borealian Dip: we agree to this trade, and offer Andea pledge of defense from European imperialism
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 220,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation. Census results show that the Population is made up of mostly Spanish and Andeans. The most spoken language is Quechua. The nation sees a slight increase in its industry, more so than its neighbors to the east.
    • Empire of the Aymara: The Kingdoms of Aymara and Tiwanku merge to form the Empire of Aymara. The nation's population stands at 85,000, with overcrowding being a slight issue, though not at major in Andea proper. Unlike Chile, Aymara has a Quechua or Quechua-Spanish mixed.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 88,000, as Andean settlers come in, seeking more land then they can get in their homeland. 4000 militiamen remain activated in the territory. 20,000 Andean Military men remain active in the territory. Andean Settlers meet resistance from Mataco raiders, who attack settlements on the frontier.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at eight million. Military stands at 25,000 active men, with another 20,000 in reserve. Andean Military bases have 15,000 men stationed.
  • Ethiopia: We expand farther into Somalia.
  • In Aragon the nation continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sailing across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Aragon also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. Stronger cements are produced, whatever that means, leading to the construction of some taller buildings, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza and Valencia. In Zaragoza, Roque Maria Merlo demonstrates the first steam powered locomotive hauled train. Railways and stuff. We send diplomats, military experts, and other personnel to help the new nation of Borealia. All white (Spanish/Catalan/Basque) men above the age of 20 are given the right to vote in Aragon, as opposed to the previous laws, where only white landowners could vote. Also, the government decides to send aid to the rebels in Arcadia, including military advisors, a number of soldiers, and weapons. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Textile mills, cloth factories, and other places begin to harness steam power to do more thing faster, which creates more jobs that people move to cities to get. Industrialization is gaining speed. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Lombardy. We also demand the return of the Balearic Islands from France, who wrongfully stole them from Aragon in the Treaty of Toledo. These islands belong to Aragon and their people are the people of Aragon, and as such, should be returned to Aragon.
  • Netherlands: Netherlands continues to improve its economy and build up military. Industry continues to be improved, mostly new buildings are built in largest populated areas of Netherlands. Population continues to grow faster due to industrial revolution and farming is Netherlands's major industry.
    • Brunei: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The state expands south by 500 sq km.
    • Malacca: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Upper Makassar: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Sunda: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands south by 500 sq km.
    • Nigeria: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands north by 500 sq km.
    • Oyo: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • South Africa: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands by 500 sq km north.
    • The Guianas: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands south by 500 sq km.
    • Colombia: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
  • Tibet: We continue to build up our military, and a new democratic government is installed due to the emperor liking the idea.
  • I'm sorry but you can't possibly have such a quick switch to democracy. Although I'll allow for your emperor to give more power to the people (within limits), it'll all have to happen over a long time period, otherwise it won't be plausible. -Sky
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues. A colony is established in OTL Adelaide, Australia named Kotor Saraka (named after the Saraka patricians).
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor.
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League.
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time.
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics.
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, Colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (in Falcon Venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. The government agrees on giving the Californian state or region self rule recognizing its own right to determine its destiny, however, remaining a territory of the Borealian Domain. The colony of Emeraldia is given free state status with the official name of Etat-livre du Nouvelle Orleans.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government.
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy.
  • Algonquia: Launches huge-scale modernization efforts, focusing on the military, economy and infrastructure. Focus on modernizing the navy and creating an effective ferry service to link the nation together results in the launch of new and more modern ships. The military expands to 50,000, and continues to rearm with modern weaponry. The government also focuses on increasing the nation's capacity to produce muskets, artillery and other such weapons. A rudimentary telegraph line is laid between Aksimiki and Mackinac in the south. All vassals also modernize, although more slowly. Algonquian merchants begin to look for trade opportunities in more far-flung markets, like Hesperia and the Imperial Sea. Troops continue to assist Borealia in California. Two million genders are paid to the Netherlands for OTL St Johns, Newfoundland, which provides an excellent naval base. Many fishermen also use it to access the lucrative Grand Banks.
    • North Ojibwe: The vassal of North Ojibwe continues to modernize the military and economy. Industrialization begins, and a small fleet is built for use on the lake.
    • Nipissing: Nipissing continues to modernize its small military, and prospers as an agricultural centre, especially for animal herding. Domesticated buffalo, muskox, reindeer and moose are common livestock.
    • Odawa: Odawa improves its military, and focuses on industrialization in emulation of Algonquia. Mackinac prospers, and is treated as the nation's "second city".
    • Port of Hielijan: Newly purchased from the Dutch, the city becomes a major naval base and fishing centre. A new citadel begins construction, port facilities are upgraded, and merchants rush to buy warehouses in the area. Thousands of Beothuk emigrate from the rest of Newfoundland, swelling the population.
    • Algonquia asks for a trade deal with Mexaca (Mod Response Please)
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Railroads for steam engines begin to be built to span many cities across the plains. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt, along with typewriters imported from Arcadia. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. The new steamships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as Mount Moreno (OTL Mount McKinley). As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. Support is given to the rebels in Texas and Brazil. An agreement of mutual trade and protection is offered to the Empire of Mexaca (Mod response).
    • California: The French colonial war ends this year, and the liberation of the common people is accepted with great enthusiasm. The former colonial government surrenders at San Francisco, and cedes all power to the directorate established by the Curia last year. A free republic is established with its elected government in San Diego. This government, however, is overseen by the Californian Directorate, to ensure the nation continues in stability. The former French currency is abolished and replaced with the Borealian Reichstaler, which is only minted in the Commonwealth. With the former colonial military dissolved, the current provisional military is administrated directly by the Californian Directorate. The northern half of California is annexed directly to Borealia, and all of its inhabitants are automatically made citizens. City councils are elected there, with presidents that likewise sit on the Curia.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1832, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1827, several textile factories and manufacturing foundries open up in Landshut, and they soon employ child labour in order to largen the workforce. Barely anyone complains about this as child labour becomes a large source of income for many impoverished families. In other news, rumors fly concerning the dissolution of the now-defunct RBSC. These rumors become reality in 1828 when the RBSC officially dissolves. Many people go out of work, and a slight economic downturn takes place. However, nothing major occurs and many people find jobs in the industrial sector. Bavaria continues aiding the Borealians. In Europe, many women and religious minorities who previously ample work in the court have now been pushed down the social ladder by King Franz-Rudolph's conservative ascendancy. In other news, several textile companies grow prominent in Munich and Passau. In Austrian news, Anna von Habsburg-Wittelsbach begins planning for another gubernatorial campaign. in 1832, much to the outrage of conservatives and King Franz-Rudolph himself, Anna von H.W. earns enough votes to win the Austrian governorship. Immediately upon entering office, she excludes conservatives from her administration and begins large work in renovating the city of Vienna, which was her main campaign theme. Many expect the King to send militiamen to dispose of the new Governor.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%. The Diet is once more suspended in 1790 following the Augsburg Revolt and subsequent period of instability.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1832.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. A Pskovian Gunsmith, tired of the smoke from his pistol, inadvertantly invents the percussion cap, and makes a few prototypes. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. After the death of the current Patriarch of Pskov, a Tverian bishop is elected to the post, taking the name Patriarch Alexis I and moves into the Trinity Monastary in Pskov, becoming the new Patriarch of Pskov and all the Russias. With Russian treats on the rise, the UK decides to cut its losses, oh, and after an emergency meeting of the Electoral Council this year, Supreme Prince Alexander is Kicked out by a 947-53 vote because of incompetance after a series of horrendous military blunders in Prussia (including a series of near-despotic measures that did not resonate well with the locals, turning them against the UK, and driving the South Prussian Government away from him) where he was Commander-In-Chief, as is fitting his post as Supreme Prince. Despite these many blunders, Geleral Vilkas Strassen, a Latvian, manages to take command even after being threatened for insubordination, and stop the hamburgians to a standstill. General Strassen. After A week of discussion Latvian General Vilkas Strassen is elected as the new Supreme Prince. The Golitsin Family will be happy if they ever hear the word "politics" in a hundred years as their personal estates are seized and auctioned off. The Armistice negotiated by His Grace the Supreme Prince Strassen yields results as a parliament for Prussia (bundestag) is guaranteed and South and North Prussia are re-united.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares itself the successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.

1833

Settlers in Guyana begin pushing for greater autonomy, with a large, though minority, group pushing for full independence

Brazilians continue to protest against the Portuguese inaction. Several planters organize expeditions to jump-start interior expansion into the rainforest despite colonial restrictions.

The Indian nations decline the offer of protectorship from the Nordic Union.

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. New Mecklenburg in OTL Australia expands by 750 px. King Wilhelm is greatly injured in a fall down a flight of stairs, and is confined to his bed. In one of his final diplomatic messages, he offers to sell West Tyrol to Bavaria, in exchange for the city of Lübeck. But before a reply can be received, he dies from complications from the fall. His eldest son, Ferdinand, succeeds him. Ferdinand, as heir and Prince of Hanover, had gained a reputation as an eccentric, often accused of being insane. Indeed, his coronation goes off far from without a hitch: he botches the Kings Oath, stutters constantly, and lets slip some less-than-flattering opinions on some of the colonial representatives, in particular the Britannic and Spanish from Kuba, and the Moari from New Rugia. In light of this, Chancellor Heinrich Oberst becomes the de facto head of state, taking over much of the responsibilities that fell on the preceding Kings and Dukes (including personally apologizing to the offended representatives).
    • Bavaro-German Dip: Chancellor Wilburic Aschmann accepts the offer to sell Lubeck, noting that such an important port city should serve all of the German region, not just Bavaria alone. West Tyrol is gladly accepted, noting that all Tyroleans and Austrians will be truly united.
    • Oldenburger Diplomacy: Duke Conrad is greatly saddened by the death of King Wilhelm, and attends the funeral of the man who attended his coronarion so many years ago.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colonies of Haejagang (해자강) and Baeglyeongyo (백련교) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. The colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 500 sq km.
    • China: We offer Korea a military and trade alliance. We promise Korea not to intervene in their nation and guarantee their continued independence.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to integrate the former Tartar vassals of Cherniv and Azov into their nation.
  • Tibet: The emperor decides to give the people (certain) rights, and the economy is improved as well as patriotism (because why not).
  • Castile: I declare war again at Galicia and attack them.
  • Netherlands: Netherlands continues to improve its economy and build up military. Industry continues to be improved, mostly new buildings are built in largest populated areas of Netherlands. Population continues to grow faster due to industrial revolution and farming is Netherlands's major industry.
    • Brunei: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The state expands south by 500 sq km.
    • Malacca: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Upper Makassar: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Sunda: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands south by 500 sq km.
    • Nigeria: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands north by 500 sq km.
    • Oyo: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • South Africa: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands by 500 sq km north.
    • The Guianas: Continues to improve its economy and build up military. The colony expands south by 500 sq km.
    • Colombia: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Three Things: What is Colombia/Where is it, There are native tribes in South Africa that would impede expansion, and Guyana is not in a good place to expand.
    • Eric is NOT allowed to play as the Netherlands, we've been through this. -Sky
  • Andea: The Los Federales take power in the Congress of Buenos Noches this year. With a population of 27,000,000, overcrowding becomes an issue in Andea proper. As a result, many Andeans begin to relocate to the territories of Chile, Apeac, and Voryloclayr. This Year, another 120,000 leave Andea proper, with most of them finding their way to Chile and Aymara. Kurillianka takes the throne in both Andea and Voryloyclayr. Buenos Noches continues to grow, with a population of 65,000. Cuzco remains the largest city, with a population of 190,000. Military stands at 200,000 active men, and another 200,000 in reserve. The nation continues to expand its industry and steam power. The new Federales Government passes the Limitation Doctrine, which gives them the power to declare war should a potential threat be perceived by the Andean Government or her sphere of influence. We also offer Mexaca a position in the Union of Hesperia and Borealia, which was formed 50 years ago. We also continue our support for the Osean Dictatorship.
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 290,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation. Census results show that the Population is made up of mostly Spanish and Andeans. The most spoken language is Quechua. The nation sees a slight increase in its industry, more so than its neighbors to the east. The king of Chile dies, and with no one to claim the throne, the nation falls into a personal union with Andea.
    • Empire of the Aymara: The Kingdoms of Aymara and Tiwanku merge to form the Empire of Aymara. The nation's population stands at 105,000, with overcrowding being a slight issue, though not at major in Andea proper.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 102,000, as Andean settlers come in, seeking more land then they can get in their homeland. 4000 militiamen remain activated in the territory. 20,000 Andean Military men remain active in the territory. Andean Settlers meet resistance from Mataco raiders, who attack settlements on the frontier.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at eight million. Military stands at 25,000 active men, with another 20,000 in reserve. Andean Military bases have 15,000 men stationed.
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor.
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The military is built up. The Prince-Bishop manages to corral some of the new Landtag MPs into a "Catholic Bloc" which votes together on some issues.
  • China: The Chinese government begins to heavily invest into the economy. The military looks to modernized and enlarge to defend the territorial integrity. Rice patties and agriculture is given attention as well to feed our growing population. A basic census is taken, and another is planned for 1835. The census is estimated around 280,000,000 The government begins to industrialize to bring us up to modern levels due to the time lost from the nation being divided. The government begins to "prod" nobles into modernizing the nation and begin some minor democratic reforms.
  • Nordic Union: The economy and military of Scandinavia and Britannia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Urbanization in London leads to rapid industrialization of southern Britannia. This also happens in Copenhagen and Oslo. While Oslo celebrates the explosion of population, Copenhagen starts seeing overcrowding issues. Incentives to resettle in Finnish and Icelandic areas are enacted. Scandinavia and Britannia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Nordic iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. The British colonies, in the meantime, provide bountiful food for the Nordic Union. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Pskov, the Roman Empire, and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian and British courts. The ports in Iceland and London are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach twenty million by 1830. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. In political news, the House of Scandinavia-Britannia continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia wishes to become closer to the Dutch. Centuries ago, the Northern Trading Pact had solidified British, Scandinavian and Dutch relations alike. King Nikolos IV says that he would like to return to this.
    • Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Scandinavia-Britannia, a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand their navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 10,000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Hondeklip: The military of this African colony expands. In the meantime, Hondeklip expands by 1000 sq km.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. Iceland begins to expand its outpost on Greenland by 20,000 sq km this year. The iron mines in Iceland lead to several entrepreneurs flocking to Iceland in the interest of expanding their personal fortunes.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • Mexaca: The people of Mexaca begin becoming restless. In the meantime, the military and economy expand.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expand.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League.
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time.
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics.
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding.
      • China: We offer Rome a military and economic treaty. We also request aid modernizing our military.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Railroads for steam engines begin to be built to span many cities across the plains. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt, along with typewriters imported from Arcadia. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. The new steamships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as the Kenai Peninsula. As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. Support is given to the rebels in Texas and Brazil. An agreement of mutual trade and protection is offered to the Empire of Mexaca (Mod response).
    • California: The French colonial war ends this year, and the liberation of the common people is accepted with great enthusiasm. The former colonial government surrenders at San Francisco, and cedes all power to the directorate established by the Curia last year. A free republic is established with its elected government in San Diego. This government, however, is overseen by the Californian Directorate, to ensure the nation continues in stability. The former French currency is abolished and replaced with the Borealian Reichstaler, which is only minted in the Commonwealth. With the former colonial military dissolved, the current provisional military is administrated directly by the Californian Directorate. The northern half of California is annexed directly to Borealia, and all of its inhabitants are automatically made citizens. City councils are elected there, with presidents that likewise sit on the Curia.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1833, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1827, several textile factories and manufacturing foundries open up in Landshut, and they soon employ child labour in order to largen the workforce. Barely anyone complains about this as child labour becomes a large source of income for many impoverished families. In other news, rumors fly concerning the dissolution of the now-defunct RBSC. These rumors become reality in 1828 when the RBSC officially dissolves. Many people go out of work, and a slight economic downturn takes place. However, nothing major occurs and many people find jobs in the industrial sector. Bavaria continues aiding the Borealians. In Europe, many women and religious minorities who previously ample work in the court have now been pushed down the social ladder by King Franz-Rudolph's conservative ascendancy. In other news, several textile companies grow prominent in Munich and Passau. In Austrian news, Anna von Habsburg-Wittelsbach begins planning for another gubernatorial campaign. in 1832, much to the outrage of conservatives and King Franz-Rudolph himself, Anna von H.W. earns enough votes to win the Austrian governorship. Immediately upon entering office, she excludes conservatives from her administration and begins large work in renovating the city of Vienna, which was her main campaign theme. Many expect the King to send militiamen to dispose of the new Governor. Sadly, he does so in 1833, arresting Anna von H.W. as her supporters voice their outrage. In other news, Bavaria sells Lubeck to Hamburg.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%. The Diet is once more suspended in 1790 following the Augsburg Revolt and subsequent period of instability.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1832.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Algonquia: Launches huge-scale modernization efforts, focusing on the military, economy and infrastructure. Focus on modernizing the navy and creating an effective ferry service to link the nation together results in the launch of new and more modern ships. The military expands to 50,000, and continues to rearm with modern weaponry. The government also focuses on increasing the nation's capacity to produce muskets, artillery and other such weapons. A rudimentary telegraph line is laid between Aksimiki and Mackinac in the south. All vassals also modernize, although more slowly. Algonquian merchants begin to look for trade opportunities in more far-flung markets, like Hesperia and the Imperial Sea. Troops continue to assist Borealia in California. Two million genders are paid to the Netherlands for OTL St Johns, Newfoundland, which provides an excellent naval base. Many fishermen also use it to access the lucrative Grand Banks.
    • North Ojibwe: The vassal of North Ojibwe continues to modernize the military and economy. Industrialization begins, and a small fleet is built for use on the lake.
    • Nipissing: Nipissing continues to modernize its small military, and prospers as an agricultural centre, especially for animal herding. Domesticated buffalo, muskox, reindeer and moose are common livestock.
    • Odawa: Odawa improves its military, and focuses on industrialization in emulation of Algonquia. Mackinac prospers, and is treated as the nation's "second city".
    • Port of Hielijan: Newly purchased from the Dutch, the city becomes a major naval base and fishing centre. A new citadel begins construction, port facilities are upgraded, and merchants rush to buy warehouses in the area. Thousands of Beothuk emigrate from the rest of Newfoundland, swelling the population.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. A Pskovian Gunsmith, tired of the smoke from his pistol, inadvertantly invents the percussion cap, and makes a few prototypes. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. After the death of the current Patriarch of Pskov, a Tverian bishop is elected to the post, taking the name Patriarch Alexis I and moves into the Trinity Monestary in Pskov, becoming the new Patriarch of Pskov and all the Russias. With Russian treats on the rise, the UK decides to cut its losses, oh, and after an emergency meeting of the Electoral Council this year, Supreme Prince Alexander is Kicked out by a 947-53 vote because of incompetance after a series of horrendous military blunders in Prussia (including a series of near-despotic measures that did not resonate well with the locals, turning them against the UK, and driving the South Prussian Government away from him) where he was Commander-In-Chief, as is fitting his post as Supreme Prince. Despite these many blunders, Geleral Vilkas Strassen, a Latvian, manages to take command even after being threatened for insubordination, and stop the hamburgians to a standstill. General Strassen. After A week of discussion Latvian General Vilkas Strassen is elected as the new Supreme Prince. The Golitsin Family will be happy if they ever hear the word "politics" in a hundred years as their personal estates are seized and auctioned off. The Armistice negotiated by His Grace the Supreme Prince Strassen yields results as a parliament for Prussia (bundestag) is guaranteed and South and North Prussia are re-united.***The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.
      • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
      • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares itself the successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
      • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. After a long, heated discussion of how Reme would governed, the tribal representatives (as well as notable Byzantine-Borealians) decide to create a republic, with a basic constitution that would be given basic rights to citizens of Reme. After these discussions, a rich Byzantine-Borealian named Stephanos Shawnee, and becomes the first President of Reme. Shawnee starts to upgrade trade and military services. However seeing Reme, a new nation, vulnerable to foreign attack, starts to encourage militarization of the west, and opens up to military alliances with other nations. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. Shawnee also commands the creation of a couple new navy ships, to help modernize the outdated Remian navy. Reme invades Tribes 32 and 16 for economic reasons. Siege equipment is deployed and a military amount of 25,000 troops are sent into those nations.

1834

Emperor Hernando Cuauhtémoc continues to march south and mobilize his troops. He reaches out to the colonies in the Yucatan area, inspiring them to revolt. Natives and farmers in the Germano-Bavarian colony rebel and storm local garrisons and armouries, pledging allegiance to Hernando Cuauhtémoc.

California, furious at the loss of so much northern land to Borealia, take the initiative and seize the California peninsula from Mexaca. Mexaca and Hernando Cuauhtémoc are unconcerned and regard the territory as little more than a spit of sand.

With large amounts of colonial unrest going on, the unrest soon spreads. British and Spanish planters and farmers on Cuba rise up against their German rulers, starting a considerable resistance movement.

Riots break out in Brazil as colonial authorities prohibit the expansion inland, with use of force in some cases. Several people are killed in the riots and the farmers and planters decide that something needs to be done to end their perceived oppression.

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. New Mecklenburg in OTL Australia expands by 750 px. The second year of King Ferdinands reign begins with Lübeck coming under Hamburgian sovereignty, and the withdraw from West Tyrol. Despite this, the year is marked by the beginning of a Cuban Resistance movement. Ferdinand is indecisive as to how to handle the matter. It then falls to the initiative of his younger sister, Sophia von Hamburg, Duchess Lüneburg, who takes a trip to Kuba to try to settle the matter. After several meetings with representatives from various resistance cells, the number of attacks drop dramatically. It's unknown what was said at the meetings, but Ferdinand is quick to take credit. Meanwhile, the Kings eccentrics motivates a number of lords and ministers in the Parliament to quietly draft resolutions, aimed at stripping the Crown of much of its power. Chancellor Heinrich Oberst, a stout defender of the Crown and the Royal Family, makes an enemy of this faction when he refuses to allow a general vote on the resolutions, much less support it.
  • Yeah right, like I'll let you off that easy! -Sky
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Railroads for steam engines begin to be built to span many cities across the plains. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt, along with typewriters imported from Arcadia. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. The new steamships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as the Kenai Peninsula. As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. Support is given to the rebels in Texas. An agreement of mutual trade and protection is offered to the Empire of Mexaca (Mod response).
    • California: The northern portion of California is fully annexed into the Commonwealth, with full representation in the Curia. Rumors of gold in the region starts a vast migration of Borealians southward. The former French currency is abolished and replaced with the Borealian Reichstaler, which is only minted in New Vienna. The Californian Directorate severely reprimands the Republic of California, making it clear to Mexaca that this seizure of land was not sanctioned by the Curia. As the Republic of California still lacks an organized military, this action was clearly of terrorist origin. The Empire of Mexaca is offered a large monetary amount as compensation for this loss.
    • You can't reach that far, not in your state. Fixed.
  • Andea: The Los Federales take power in the Congress of Buenos Noches this year. With a population of 27,000,000, overcrowding becomes an issue in Andea proper. As a result, many Andeans begin to relocate to the territories of Chile, Apeac, and Voryloclayr. This Year, another 100,000 leave Andea proper, with most of them finding their way to Chile and Aymara. Kurillianka takes the throne in both Andea and Voryloyclayr. Buenos Noches continues to grow, with a population of 65,000. Cuzco remains the largest city, with a population of 190,000. Military stands at 200,000 active men, and another 200,000 in reserve. The nation continues to expand its industry and steam power. The new Federales Government passes the Limitation Doctrine, which gives them the power to declare war should a potential threat be perceived by the Andean Government or her sphere of influence. We also offer Mexaca a position in the Union of Hesperia and Borealia, which was formed 50 years ago. We also continue our support for the Osean Dictatorship. We request to purchase territory in the Falkland Islands from the Dutch.
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 330,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation. Census results show that the Population is made up of mostly Spanish and Andeans. The most spoken language is Quechua. The nation sees a slight increase in its industry, more so than its neighbors to the east. The king of Chile dies, and with no one to claim the throne, the nation falls into a personal union with Andea.
    • Empire of the Aymara: The Kingdoms of Aymara and Tiwanku merge to form the Empire of Aymara. The nation's population stands at 115,000, with overcrowding being a slight issue, though not at major in Andea proper.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 122,000, as Andean settlers come in, seeking more land then they can get in their homeland. 4000 militiamen remain activated in the territory. 20,000 Andean Military men remain active in the territory. Andean Settlers meet resistance from Mataco raiders, who attack settlements on the frontier.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at eight million. Military stands at 25,000 active men, with another 20,000 in reserve. Andean Military bases have 15,000 men stationed.
    • Tibet: Continued growth of military and economy.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to integrate the former Tartar vassals of Cherniv and Azov into their nation.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colonies of Haejagang (해자강) and Baeglyeongyo (백련교) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. The colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 500 sq km.
    • China: We again offer Korea an alliance and treaty.
    • Korea: Korea accepts China's alliance offer.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The "Catholic Bloc" of MPs proposes a bill whereby the government would grant money annually to the Catholic Church to fund Church-run schools. Whilst some MPs wonder at the need for schooling for those who cannot afford it, many acknowledge that at least minimal literacy and numeracy in the workforce would probably be beneficial, and allow the bill to pass. Duke Conrad is surprised and heartened by his election to Holy Roman Emperor, and commits himself to his new role. The economy improves, and becomes more industrialised.
  • Algonquia: Launches huge-scale modernization efforts, focusing on the military, economy and infrastructure. Focus on modernizing the navy and creating an effective ferry service to link the nation together results in the launch of new and more modern ships. Telegraph lines are expanded to Chemiwanit in the far West. All vassals also modernize, although more slowly. Algonquian merchants begin to look for trade opportunities in more far-flung markets, like Hesperia and the Imperial Sea. The expeditionary force returns from California, bringing reports of shockingly bad performance in the war compared to other countries' armies. The High Sachem, far more interested than his predecessors in the military, orders major military reforms, planning the creation of a "New Model Army". The 50,000-strong military is divided into 5 "divisions" of 10,000 apiece, who each undergo intensive retraining in modern tactics, with the assistance of European advisors. Numerous munitions factories open to supply them. Exercises in mobilization and overseas transport occur to enable Algonquia to transport its troops to assist allies more quickly and effectively. A trade deal is requested with the Empire of Mexaca.
    • North Ojibwe: The vassal of North Ojibwe continues to modernize the military and economy. Industrialization begins, and a small fleet is built for use on the lake.
    • Nipissing: Nipissing continues to modernize its small military, and prospers as an agricultural centre, especially for animal herding. Domesticated buffalo, muskox, reindeer and moose are common livestock.
    • Odawa: Odawa improves its military, and focuses on industrialization in emulation of Algonquia. Mackinac prospers, and is treated as the nation's "second city".
    • Port of Hielijan: Newly purchased from the Dutch, the city becomes a major naval base and fishing centre. A new citadel begins construction, port facilities are upgraded, and merchants rush to buy warehouses in the area. A Beothuk Division of 10,000 is created and trains to defend the port. A major troop buildup begins in Heilijan to defend its increasing importance as a trade hub.
  • China: We continue to industrialize and build up our armed forces. Agriculture is improved even more. The Emperor looks to possibly start a congress for the peasants so their thoughts can be heard. Some in the military consider crushing our enemies and stabilizing the region around us. The Navy looks to possibly increase the number of combat-ready ships.
  • Russia: We start industrialize and improving/build up our army and navy, and improving our technology. We start improving agriculture, in order to be able to produce more grain and start encouraging our farmers to produce other kind of plantations. We start giving more rights to all serfs in Russia. We ask Scandinavia and Castile for a trade agreement.
  • Persia: The Zand Dynasty of the glorious nation that is Persia drastically develops military and the economy of the nation. We begin to construct the nation to its previous extent and glory. In addition to this endeavour, we start to garrison more men on our western borders, in addition to our border with the Tartary. Also, we try to influence the Persian Gulf trade to our control, in opposition to the Caliphate. We seek to improve relations with Russia, who are also enemies of the Tartary, going as far as to offering them an alliance. We initiate a plan to make our capital the new center of the East after previous events. As our steady population increases, so does our economy.
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor.
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. A Pskovian Gunsmith, tired of the smoke from his pistol, inadvertantly invents the percussion cap, and makes a few prototypes. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. After the death of the current Patriarch of Pskov, a Tverian bishop is elected to the post, taking the name Patriarch Alexis I and moves into the Trinity Monestary in Pskov, becoming the new Patriarch of Pskov and all the Russias. With Russian treats on the rise, the UK decides to cut its losses, oh, and after an emergency meeting of the Electoral Council this year, Supreme Prince Alexander is Kicked out by a 947-53 vote because of incompetance after a series of horrendous military blunders in Prussia (including a series of near-despotic measures that did not resonate well with the locals, turning them against the UK, and driving the South Prussian Government away from him) where he was Commander-In-Chief, as is fitting his post as Supreme Prince. Despite these many blunders, Geleral Vilkas Strassen, a Latvian, manages to take command even after being threatened for insubordination, and stop the hamburgians to a standstill. General Strassen. After A week of discussion Latvian General Vilkas Strassen is elected as the new Supreme Prince. The Golitsin Family will be happy if they ever hear the word "politics" in a hundred years as their personal estates are seized and auctioned off. The Armistice negotiated by His Grace the Supreme Prince Strassen yields results as a parliament for Prussia (bundestag) is guaranteed and South and North Prussia are re-united.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares itself the successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1834, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1827, several textile factories and manufacturing foundries open up in Landshut, and they soon employ child labour in order to largen the workforce. Barely anyone complains about this as child labour becomes a large source of income for many impoverished families. In other news, rumors fly concerning the dissolution of the now-defunct RBSC. These rumors become reality in 1828 when the RBSC officially dissolves. Many people go out of work, and a slight economic downturn takes place. However, nothing major occurs and many people find jobs in the industrial sector. Bavaria continues aiding the Borealians. In Europe, many women and religious minorities who previously ample work in the court have now been pushed down the social ladder by King Franz-Rudolph's conservative ascendancy. In other news, several textile companies grow prominent in Munich and Passau. In Austrian news, Anna von Habsburg-Wittelsbach begins planning for another gubernatorial campaign. in 1832, much to the outrage of conservatives and King Franz-Rudolph himself, Anna von H.W. earns enough votes to win the Austrian governorship. Immediately upon entering office, she excludes conservatives from her administration and begins large work in renovating the city of Vienna, which was her main campaign theme. Many expect the King to send militiamen to dispose of the new Governor. Sadly, he does so in 1833, arresting Anna von H.W. as her supporters voice their outrage. Viennese radicals, supporters of Anna von H.W., stage a revolt in their city. By year end, after ejecting Bavarian forces, they take control of the city. They effectively spook members of the government as fears of another Austrian Revolt rise. The King aims to squash these fears and takes a large army to crush the rebellion by January of next year. In other news, Lubeck is sold to the Hamburgians and, in turn, Bavaria receives West Tyrol. The King designates it as a constituent territory.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%. The Diet is once more suspended in 1790 following the Augsburg Revolt and subsequent period of instability.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1832.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • 'West Tyrol (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Austria is extended to cover West Tyrol.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League.
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time.
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics.
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding.

Andea: The Los Federales take power in the Congress of Buenos Noches this year. With a population of 27,000,000, overcrowding becomes an issue in Andea proper. As a result, many Andeans begin to relocate to the territories of Chile, Apeac and Voryloclayr. This Year, another 80,000 leave Andea proper, with most of them finding their way to Chile and Aymara. Kurillianka takes the throne in both Andea and Voryloyclayr. Buenos Noches continues to grow, with a population of 65,000. Cuzco remains the largest city, with a population of 190,000. Military stands at 200,000 active men, and another 200,000 in reserve. The nation continues to expand its industry and steam power. The new Federales Government passes the Limitation Doctrine, which gives them the power to declare war should a potential threat be perceived by the Andean Government or her sphere of influence. We also offer Mexaca a position in the Union of Hesperia and Borealia, which was formed 50 years ago. We also continue our support for the Osean Dictatorship. We request to purchase territory in the Falkland Islands from the Dutch.

  • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 370,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation. Census results show that the Population is made up of mostly Spanish and Andeans. The most spoken language is Quechua. The nation sees a slight increase in its industry, more so than its neighbors to the east. The king of Chile dies, and with no one to claim the throne, the nation falls into a personal union with Andea.
  • Empire of the Aymara: The Kingdoms of Aymara and Tiwanku merge to form the Empire of Aymara. The nation's population stands at 145,000, with overcrowding being a slight issue, though not at major in Andea proper.
  • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 142,000, as Andean settlers come in, seeking more land then they can get in their homeland. 4000 militiamen remain activated in the territory. 20,000 Andean Military men remain active in the territory. Andean Settlers meet resistance from Mataco raiders, who attack settlements on the frontier.
  • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at eight million. Military stands at 25,000 active men, with another 20,000 in reserve. Andean Military bases have 15,000 men stationed.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. After a long, heated discussion of how Reme would governed, the tribal representatives (as well as notable Byzantine-Borealians) decide to create a republic, with a basic constitution that would be given basic rights to citizens of Reme. After these discussions, a rich Byzantine-Borealian named Stephanos Shawnee, and becomes the first President of Reme. Shawnee starts to upgrade trade and military services. However seeing Reme, a new nation, vulnerable to foreign attack, starts to encourage militarization of the west, and opens up to military alliances with other nations. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. Shawnee also commands the creation of a couple new navy ships, to help modernize the outdated Remian navy. Reme invades Tribes 32 and 16 for economic reasons. Siege equipment is deployed and a military amount of 25,000 troops are sent into those nations.

1835

Hernando Cuauhtémoc and his forces blitz through the Yucatan and southern Mexaca, charging through the Dutch colonies and defeating their garrisons. Many natives and spanish see this force as a liberating one. Mexacan forces soon surround the Oldenburg and Hamburgian colonies, demanding a surrender.

French forces in Texas score a big win against revolutionaries, crushing the vast majority of them in a pitched battle. Many of the survivors are either captured or flee to other countries.

Brazilian planters storm several armouries and arm themselves. They declare independence soon after and continue their expansion inland. Using guerrilla tactics, they soon score several victories over colonial troops.

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. New Mecklenburg in OTL Australia expands by 750 px. The reign of Ferdinand, now more often being called the "Mad King", enters its third year. He has grown increasingly ill-tempered, has grown a habit of making death threats to those who try to offer an opposing view. He is also slow to make the Mexacan blitz a priority. In the end, a coalition of lords led by Sophia von Hamburg mobilize their feudal militias, 25,000 men in total, as well as recruiting regiments from nearby Kuba, and head to Belize. By now a series of fortifications, backed up by artillery, have been constructed by the local authorities in preparation for if and when Mexaca turns its sights on them. The actual defense of Belize, however, is lead by Duke Carlos de Belize, Duke of Belize and leader of the Belizian delegation to the Hanoverian Parliament. De Belize rallies the troops personally, calling on the troops "not to fight for the madman who sits on the throne in Hamburg, or for his puppet masters in Hanover. Instead, fight for yourselves, your farms and homes, and your family. Because if our lines break, then they will kill you, loot and burn your farms and homes, and rape your wives and daughters." The speech appears to have had its impact on the native Belizians as they await the Mexacan assault.
  • Andea: The Los Federales take power in the Congress of Buenos Noches this year. With a population of 27,000,000, overcrowding becomes an issue in Andea proper. As a result, many Andeans begin to relocate to the territories of Chile, Apeac, and Voryloclayr. This Year, another 110,000 leave Andea proper, with most of them finding their way to Chile and Aymara. Kurillianka takes the throne in both Andea and Voryloyclayr. Buenos Noches continues to grow, with a population of 65,000. Cuzco remains the largest city, with a population of 190,000. Military stands at 200,000 active men, and another 200,000 in reserve. The nation continues to expand its industry and steam power. The new Federales Government passes the Limitation Doctrine, which gives them the power to declare war should a potential threat be perceived by the Andean Government or her sphere of influence. We also offer Mexaca a position in the Union of Hesperia and Borealia, which was formed 50 years ago. We also continue our support for the Osean Dictatorship. We request to purchase territory in the Falkland Islands from the Dutch. In secret, we offer Mexaca monetary aid to turn away from New Munich. A similar offer is made in Secret to free territory of California. We also invade Brazil through Apeac in support of the Rebels, declaring war on Portugal.
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 420,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation. Census results show that the Population is made up of mostly Spanish and Andeans. The most spoken language is Quechua. The nation sees a slight increase in its industry, more so than its neighbors to the east. The king of Chile dies, and with no one to claim the throne, the nation falls into a personal union with Andea.
    • Empire of the Aymara: The Kingdoms of Aymara and Tiwanku merge to form the Empire of Aymara. The nation's population stands at 165,000, with overcrowding being a slight issue, though not at major in Andea proper.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 162,000, as Andean settlers come in, seeking more land then they can get in their homeland. 4000 militiamen remain activated in the territory. 20,000 Andean Military men remain active in the territory. Andean Settlers meet resistance from Mataco raiders, who attack settlements on the frontier.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at eight million. Military stands at 25,000 active men, with another 20,000 in reserve. Andean Military bases have 25,000 men stationed.
    • Mod response, granted, I guess.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Railroads for steam engines begin to be built to span many cities across the plains. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt, along with typewriters imported from Arcadia. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. The new steamships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as the Kenai Peninsula. As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. Although support is still given to the rebels in Texas, their recent defeat has created controversy. While some members of the Curia wish to go to war with France, most people are tired of war and wish to settle in the new territories instead. Available military force is sent to aid the Empire of Mexaca. An agreement of mutual protection is likewise offered to the Empire of Mexaca (Mod response).
    • California: The northern portion of California is fully annexed into the Commonwealth, with full representation in the Curia. Rumors of gold in the region starts a vast migration of Borealians southward. The former French currency is abolished and replaced with the Borealian Reichstaler, which is only minted in New Vienna. The Californian Directorate severely reprimands the Republic of California, making it clear to Mexaca that this seizure of land was not sanctioned by the Curia. As the Republic of California still lacks an organized military, this action was clearly of terrorist origin. The Empire of Mexaca is offered a large monetary amount as compensation for this loss.
  • Mod response, while Mexaca is thankful for the aid, it wants to conclude its wars and consolidate itself before committing to any standing alliances or treaties.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to integrate the former Tartar vassals of Cherniv and Azov into their nation.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colonies of Haejagang (해자강) and Baeglyeongyo (백련교) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. The colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 500 sq km.
    • China: We propose a joint invasion of Manchu.
  • Russia: We continue building up our army and navy, and improving our technology. We accept Persia's alliance request and we improve our relationship. We increase our birth rates, due to giving their families money for subsidy and more benefits. With the farmers increasing their agrivulture produce, the GPD of the country increases 10%
  • Britannic Republican Rebels: Over the past few decades, Britannia has been growing stagnant and has lost many of its colonies to revolt. This made the Britannic economy take a major downturn, as much of it was based off of trade with colonies and, indeed, colonization itself. A general feeling of discontent has swept over the Isles, and some even look to the successful new commonwealths in Borealia and Hesperia, many of which were once Britannic, and see a better future for Britannia that isn't tied to other continents. The Empire itself sees this new movement for a "commonwealth" as troublesome and treasonous, and the movement is outlawed, and supporters are imprisoned or executed. These tensions boil over when in January, dockworkers in the coastal Sussex town of Gotham protest and Britannic troops try to break the protest up. The incident gets violent, and the dockworkers are killed. This "Gotham Slaughter" has led to "batmen", patterning themselves after the shadowy German organization, secretly organizing republican meetings, especially in more rural and poorer regions of Eire, Scotland, and Wales. By the end of the year, open revolts have happened throughout the nation.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. After a long, heated discussion of how Reme would governed, the tribal representatives (as well as notable Byzantine-Borealians) decide to create a republic, with a basic constitution that would be given basic rights to citizens of Reme. After these discussions, a rich Byzantine-Borealian named Stephanos Shawnee, and becomes the first President of Reme. Shawnee starts to upgrade trade and military services. However seeing Reme, a new nation, vulnerable to foreign attack, starts to encourage militarization of the west, and opens up to military alliances with other nations. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. Shawnee also commands the creation of a couple new navy ships, to help modernize the outdated Remian navy. Reme invades Tribes 32 and 16 for economic reasons. Siege equipment is deployed and a military amount of 25,000 troops are sent into those nations.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The Catholic Church begins implemeting its program of parish schools for poor children. The aim is that eventually, all children will enter the workforce with at least a minimal level of literacy and numeracy. The service is provided free, with the teachers being mainly monks, priests and nuns. However, there are also some lay teachers. In other news, the political class look to the events in Britannia and pat themselves on the back for not choosing the House of Scotland as their ducal House back when they had the chance. The economy improves, with becoming more industrialised.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues. Kotor Saraka (Adelaide) continues to expand.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Tibet:Continued military build up. More rights given to the people.
  • Algonquia: Launches huge-scale modernization efforts, focusing on the military, economy and infrastructure. Focus on modernizing the navy and creating an effective ferry service to link the nation together results in the launch of new and more modern ships. Telegraph lines are expanded to Chemiwanit in the far West. All vassals also modernize, although more slowly. Algonquian merchants begin to look for trade opportunities in more far-flung markets, like Hesperia and the Imperial Sea. The expeditionary force returns from California, bringing reports of shockingly bad performance in the war compared to other countries' armies. The High Sachem, eager to test the nation's New Model Army, has the new force transported to Heilijan, secretly, while vast quantities of supplies and munitions are stockpiled secretly in the port. Once preparations are complete, the army, numbering 60,000, launches a surprise attack on the Dutch colony there, seeking to liberate the oppressed Beothuk tribes and form a homeland for them.
    • North Ojibwe: The vassal of North Ojibwe continues to modernize the military and economy. Industrialization begins, and a small fleet is built for use on the lake. It assists in the war.
    • Nipissing: Nipissing continues to modernize its small military, and prospers as an agricultural centre, especially for animal herding. Domesticated buffalo, muskox, reindeer and moose are common livestock.
    • Odawa: Odawa improves its military, and focuses on industrialization in emulation of Algonquia. Mackinac prospers, and is treated as the nation's "second city".
    • Port of Hielijan: As the war starts, the harbour is blocked to protect the port from naval attack and a boom is drawn across it. Dozens of heavy guns defend the port, which is also heavily garrisoned. The port's local military, mainly made up of local Beothuk, participates in the war, their local knowledge proving highly valuable.
  • Morocco: The Kingdom of Morocco begins to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up military. After Damascan Sultanate left off its first vassal and declares independence, the new Moroccan government is established, with Abd al-Rahman continuing his reign as king and looking to establish closer economic partnership with various European states to grow nation into the major African power. First of all, the national expansion returns, with nation expends by 1000 sq km.
  • China: The government continues reform and industrialization. Some in the education field look to possibly request Roman teachers to help increase our education standards. The military continues to build up the Navy. Shanghai is beginning to be developed as a major port city. Docks are planned as are warehouses and hostels for foreign wares and sailors. Shops are planned to give them something to do during shore leave. The government looks west to increase trade with Rome and other nations. We invade Manchu.
  • The Caliphate drastically develops military and the economy of the nation. We begin to construct the nation to its previous extent and glory. In addition to this endeavour, we start to garrison more men on our eastern borders, in addition to our border with the Roman Empire. Also, we try to influence the Persian Gulf trade to our control, in opposition to the Persia. We seek to improve relations with Bengal, going as far as to offering them an alliance. We improve Mecca every year, donating a significant part of our treasury to the Holy City. As our steady population increases, so does our economy. A significant number of ships are built for our fleet. As we also begin to modernize our army, we improve the many cities of the Caliphate, specifically in Yemen and Iraq.
    • Chinese Dip: We propose constructing a string of small navy bases and forts along the Indian Ocean to protect shipping. They would have several small cannons and a few small boats for defense as well as some marines with muskets.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League.
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time.
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics.
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1835, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1827, several textile factories and manufacturing foundries open up in Landshut, and they soon employ child labour in order to largen the workforce. Barely anyone complains about this as child labour becomes a large source of income for many impoverished families. In other news, rumors fly concerning the dissolution of the now-defunct RBSC. These rumors become reality in 1828 when the RBSC officially dissolves. Many people go out of work, and a slight economic downturn takes place. However, nothing major occurs and many people find jobs in the industrial sector. Bavaria continues aiding the Borealians. In Europe, many women and religious minorities who previously ample work in the court have now been pushed down the social ladder by King Franz-Rudolph's conservative ascendancy. In other news, several textile companies grow prominent in Munich and Passau. In 1835, the revolt in Vienna is swiftly crushed and Anna von H.W. continues to be imprisoned. She is sentenced to deportation, and through agreements with King Ferdinand of Hamburg, she is sent there. In positive news, the railway industry expands greatly and causes an economic upswing. West Tyrol begins to be annexed into Austria (Turn One of Three).
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%. The Diet is once more suspended in 1790 following the Augsburg Revolt and subsequent period of instability.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1832.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • West Tyrol (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Austria is extended to cover West Tyrol.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. A Pskovian Gunsmith, tired of the smoke from his pistol, inadvertantly invents the percussion cap, and makes a few prototypes. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. After the death of the current Patriarch of Pskov, a Tverian bishop is elected to the post, taking the name Patriarch Alexis I and moves into the Trinity Monestary in Pskov, becoming the new Patriarch of Pskov and all the Russias. With Russian treats on the rise, the UK decides to cut its losses, oh, and after an emergency meeting of the Electoral Council this year, Supreme Prince Alexander is Kicked out by a 947-53 vote because of incompetance after a series of horrendous military blunders in Prussia (including a series of near-despotic measures that did not resonate well with the locals, turning them against the UK, and driving the South Prussian Government away from him) where he was Commander-In-Chief, as is fitting his post as Supreme Prince. Despite these many blunders, Geleral Vilkas Strassen, a Latvian, manages to take command even after being threatened for insubordination, and stop the hamburgians to a standstill. General Strassen. After A week of discussion Latvian General Vilkas Strassen is elected as the new Supreme Prince. The Golitsin Family will be happy if they ever hear the word "politics" in a hundred years as their personal estates are seized and auctioned off. The Armistice negotiated by His Grace the Supreme Prince Strassen yields results as a parliament for Prussia (bundestag) is guaranteed and South and North Prussia are re-united.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares itself the successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor.
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.

1836

Mexacan forces storm through the Oldenburg colony with relative ease. They redeploy their forces towards Belize, ready to initiate an assault and giving the Belizian garrison one last chance to surrender. (Scores will be assigned in the event of no surrender)

From this point forward NPC native states in Borealia will be considered disorganized for easier expansion. Mods will still watch over the situation to prevent rampant overexpansion.

Please begin to annex your vassals and PUs. If you have reasons to keep them, please contact one of the mods to talk about it (primarily Crim, MP, Edge and Sky). Those who do annex will get a small algo boost while fighting vassalspammers.

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: discontent with King Ferdinand grows, as does the popularity of Sophia Von Hamburg. Several more lords break ranks with the Crown, sending their feudal militias to aid in the Belizian defense. Only with Mexacas ultimatum, and Borealias insult towards Hamburg, does the High Council finally convince Ferdinand to sanction the deployment of army and navy forces to defend the territory.
  • Sultanate of Bengal: Sultan Mahmud Shah III was proclaimed the Sultan of the Sultanate of Bengal on 1810, and he initiated his rule over the Sultanate soon after. The Sultanate of Bengal saw a slight demographical as immigration from former Bengali crown vassals for the economic opportunity was on the rise. The Bengali population rose about 67.2 million, mostly due to the large influx of Bengali immigrants coming from Vijaynagara. The Empire officially began a reform of the economic system looking to bail the economy out of crisis from war debt, The bullion was geared toward giving the empire a competitive edge in being able to invest millions on a whim in order to drive up investments and production. However, in order to pay off debt, larger taxes are imposed on the wealthier class, with the current monarch starting to become more popular as the general populace viewed him as a Guardian. Meanwhile, the Bengali navy began further development of its new larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets the fifth and sixth rates begin to become more standard as light and medium frigates for singular voyages and patrols among other things. Along the same time, a standardized army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with soldiers armed with modern rifles and with cannons to be used as an ideal seige equipment. However, apart from the national army, an Imperial Guard was also set up. mainly to protect the Monarchy from any revolutionaries. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was also equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Urdustan, selling such goods as rice, wheat, maize, potatoes, indigo, opium, wheat, cannabis and other crops to European merchants as well as Indian. However, jute and cotton, in particular served as the most important exports of Bengal given their importance. The Emperor, Mahmud Shah III implemented a new currency system which was to be the well-regulated silver-based Bengali Tanki. The flocking of populations to Bengal coastal cities continued with a mass increase of population in Visakhapatnam, Calcutta, Bhubaneswar, and various other minor cities and townships throughout the south. Of particular importance was the city of Calcutta which was established as the new capital of Bengal, replacing Pandua. The general atmosphere led to a decision to link the empire with a railroad system which would've certainly led to large-scale advancement in communication. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Bengal - Caliphate Diplomacy: Bengal is keen on establishing warm relations with the Caliphate, and accept their offer of an alliance.
    • Bengal - Jaunpur Diplomacy: The landlocked Sultanate of Jaunpur is offered access to the sea through the Bengali port city of Calcutta. [Mod Response]
    • Jaunpur agrees. Also, are you sure you can have such a large population? I don't think the amount of Vijaynagari Bengal immigrants could be that big.
    • Update: Mods say 70 mil at most. At least for now.
  • Netherlands: We expand our holdings in Guyana and everywhere else. We offer to sell the Falklands to Andea.
  • Russia: We recruit more soldiers. We continue building up our army and navy, and improving our technology. We also expand our economy. Meanwhile, we make more schools, theatres and libraries. We hire more teachers and we decrease their wages. We set the country's main religion to Christian-Orthodox. We donate money to the church to build more Christian-Orthodox churches in all over the country. We offer Castile alliance.
    • Castile:We accept the Russian trade agreement and their alliance offer.
  • Tibet: We recruit some more soldiers. Economy growth. More rights given to people. nothing else of interest.
  • Georgia: Rights are taken away and many more churches are built. Military increases. Asks the Romans to help them be on the same technological level as other Europeans. Huge amount of Slavs move from the Balkans to Georgia. Georgia becomes more Slavic influenced. Flag is changed.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Railroads for steam engines begin to be built to span many cities across the plains. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt, along with typewriters imported from Arcadia. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. The new steamships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as the Kenai Peninsula. As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. Support is still given to the rebels in Texas. Settlers continue to push into the French territories north of Texas. Available military force is sent to aid the Empire of Mexaca. We continue to offer a pledge of mutual protection to Andea, seeing them as the original proponents of independence in this hemisphere.
    • California: The partition of California is complete. The Republic of California has become completely autonomous, although it remains economically and politically dependent on Borealia as established in previous years.
    • Hamburgian Dip: A diplomatic courier is sent to the Commonwealth, asking it to condemn Mexacas belligerence against the peaceful citizens of the Hamburgian realm, or at the very least attempt to dissuade it against further action.
    • Borealian Response: The rights of the people of Belize will be upheld, after the great injustice of European imperialism is rectified.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements.
  • Morocco: The Kingdom of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up military. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and population continues to grow. The nation expends by 1000 sq km, with a few new cities are built and roads are built between old and new cities. To develop the country even more, determined Morocco that all children over 8 years must go to school at weekdays, not weekends. At the 10 largest cities of Morocco, the cities' mayors have rights to build their first schools, which can hold more then 100 pupils. This is what Moroccan education starts.
  • Castile: We improve our economy and our technology and we start industralizing our country. We ask Persia for an alliance. We have won the war against Galicia and we annex their nation into our nation. We conduct a census and we see that our Castile now has from 10.800.000 to 14.000.000 people. That increase of our population happened because of previous encouragment to our people to make more children and the includement of our newly acquired lands Galicia and Cartagena. We open more schools, libraries, theatres, and arenas.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to integrate the former Tartar vassals of Cherniv and Azov into their nation.
  • Andea: The Los Federales take power in the Congress of Buenos Noches this year. With a population of 27,000,000, overcrowding becomes an issue in Andea proper. As a result, many Andeans begin to relocate to the territories of Chile, Apeac, and Voryloclayr. This Year, another 100,000 leave Andea proper, with most of them finding their way to Chile and Aymara. Kurillianka takes the throne in both Andea and Voryloyclayr. Buenos Noches continues to grow, with a population of 65,000. Cuzco remains the largest city, with a population of 190,000. Military stands at 200,000 active men, and another 200,000 in reserve. The nation continues to expand its industry and steam power. The new Federales Government passes the Limitation Doctrine, which gives them the power to declare war should a potential threat be perceived by the Andean Government or her sphere of influence. We also offer Mexaca a position in the Union of Hesperia and Borealia, which was formed 50 years ago. We also continue our support for the Osean Dictatorship. We request to purchase territory in the Falkland Islands from the Dutch.
  • Sold. (Check Netherlander post)
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 450,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation. Census results show that the Population is made up of mostly Spanish and Andeans. The most spoken language is Quechua. The nation sees a slight increase in its industry, more so than its neighbors to the east. The king of Chile dies, and with no one to claim the throne, the nation falls into a personal union with Andea. With many settlers realizing that Chile is quickly becoming overcrowded, immigration to the terriotiry slows.
    • Empire of the Aymara: The Kingdoms of Aymara and Tiwanku merge to form the Empire of Aymara. The nation's population stands at 195,000, with overcrowding being a slight issue, though not at major in Andea proper.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 182,000, as Andean settlers come in, seeking more land then they can get in their homeland. 4000 militiamen remain activated in the territory. 20,000 Andean Military men remain active in the territory. Andean Settlers meet resistance from Mataco raiders, who attack settlements on the frontier.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at seven million. Military stands at 25,000 active men, with another 20,000 in reserve. Andean Military bases have 35,000 men stationed.
    • Andean Overseas Territories: The Falkland Islands, under direct control of the Andean military, prove to be a strategic location in protecting Vorlayacor's coast line. A military force of 10,000 is stationed on the islands.
    • Republic of Brazil: Luiz Rousseff takes the interm presidency in Brazil, working with the Andeans to establish the government of the nation. The military stands at 25,000 men, mostly vets from the war for independence. Population of the nation stands at roughly 2.5 million. Economy improves as well, with slight increases in industry. The nation remains mostly agricultural. Elections are set for next year.
  • Algonquia: Launches huge-scale modernization efforts, focusing on the military, economy and infrastructure. Focus on modernizing the navy and creating an effective ferry service to link the nation together results in the launch of new and more modern ships. Telegraph lines are expanded to Chemiwanit in the far West. All vassals also modernize, although more slowly. Algonquian merchants begin to look for trade opportunities in more far-flung markets, like Hesperia and the Imperial Sea. The war in Newfoundland proves bloody, but Algonquian troops hold their own against the Dutch, with the Beothuk contingents fighting especially hard to liberate their homeland. An agreement is signed with the Dutch, bringing the war to a quick end. The High Sachem mollifies the population by assuring them the war will bring great benefits in the future. Algonquia also begins influencing the two disorganized native states to the southwest (Turn One of Four).
    • Ojibwe: The vassals of North Ojibwe and Nipissing merge into the vassal of Ojibwe, and continue to provide necessary help in the war. Plans are laid to merge the territories with Algonquia proper after the war.
    • Odawa: Odawa improves its military, and focuses on industrialization in emulation of Algonquia. Mackinac prospers, and is treated as the nation's "second city".
    • Port of Hielijan: As the war starts, the harbour is blocked to protect the port from naval attack and a boom is drawn across it. Dozens of heavy guns defend the port, which is also heavily garrisoned. The port's local military, mainly made up of local Beothuk, participates in the war, their local knowledge proving highly valuable.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. After a long, heated discussion of how Reme would governed, the tribal representatives (as well as notable Byzantine-Borealians) decide to create a republic, with a basic constitution that would be given basic rights to citizens of Reme. After these discussions, a rich Byzantine-Borealian named Stephanos Shawnee, and becomes the first President of Reme. Shawnee starts to upgrade trade and military services. However seeing Reme, a new nation, vulnerable to foreign attack, starts to encourage militarization of the west, and opens up to military alliances with other nations. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. Shawnee also commands the creation of a couple new navy ships, to help modernize the outdated Remian navy. Reme begins expanding into the Michigan peninsula by 150 px.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues. Kotor Saraka (Adelaide) continues to expand. The Voivodeship of Carantania is created.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Carantanian Voivodeship (Karantansko Vojvodstvo): Being a Germano-Slavic nation, the leaders begin a programme to create a standardized Carantanian language that will reflect on both the Slavic and Germanic aspects of Carantania.
  • China: Our war with Manchu continues. The government continues to work on rifled muskets and rifles. The Navy builds five heavy warships. After recovering several old artifacts from a temple we find designs for a steam powered boat engine. The navy begins to update the design to fit modern warships. The Navy also looks into breech-loading guns for the ships, as well as using iron to help them float. The economy continues to be modernized.
    • Chinese Dip: We offer the Romans a military and trade alliance.
    • Roman Diplomacy: The Roman government accepts.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League.
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time.
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics.
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. A Pskovian Gunsmith, tired of the smoke from his pistol, inadvertantly invents the percussion cap, and makes a few prototypes. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. After the death of the current Patriarch of Pskov, a Tverian bishop is elected to the post, taking the name Patriarch Alexis I and moves into the Trinity Monestary in Pskov, becoming the new Patriarch of Pskov and all the Russias. The Grand Senate's powers grow more and more, as it asserts itself as the highest power in the union slowly, but surely.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares itself the successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The government goes into a state of panic after the lightning takeover of our colony of Thabascho by Mexaca (haha, oops, I totally did not see that event last turn!). Some settlers and soldiers were able to be evacuated, but many were left behind. The general election is postponed as the High Council attempts to manage this crisis. The OHG demands compensation from Mexaca for the damage to its materials in Thabascho. The military presence in Oldenburg's remaining overseas possessions is bolstered.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1836, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1827, several textile factories and manufacturing foundries open up in Landshut, and they soon employ child labour in order to largen the workforce. Barely anyone complains about this as child labour becomes a large source of income for many impoverished families. In other news, rumors fly concerning the dissolution of the now-defunct RBSC. These rumors become reality in 1828 when the RBSC officially dissolves. Many people go out of work, and a slight economic downturn takes place. However, nothing major occurs and many people find jobs in the industrial sector. Bavaria continues aiding the Borealians. In Europe, many women and religious minorities who previously ample work in the court have now been pushed down the social ladder by King Franz-Rudolph's conservative ascendancy. In other news, several textile companies grow prominent in Munich and Passau. In 1835, the revolt in Vienna is swiftly crushed and Anna von H.W. continues to be imprisoned. She is sentenced to deportation, and through agreements with King Ferdinand of Hamburg, she is sent there. In positive news, the railway industry expands greatly and causes an economic upswing. However, as early as 1836, people begin to be perturbed by the excessively low wages that rail workers are receiving. By year end, many also begin to critically analyze child labor and its prevalence in places like Landshut and Munich. West Tyrol begins to be annexed into Austria (Turn Two of Three). In political news, many people are spooked by the nascent annexation of West Tyrol, and many parliamentarians call for the King to return Brandenburg and Pomerania to their original status. The King considers doing so, realizing he may have made a huge, perhaps illegal, move by annexing the two territories. In a speech on June 1, he announces that by next year, he will make a decision on whether or not to re-establish Brandenburg and Pomerania.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1832.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • West Tyrol (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Austria is extended to cover West Tyrol.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.

1837

Please begin to annex your vassals and PUs. If you have reasons to keep them, please contact one of the mods to talk about it (primarily Crim, MP, Edge and Sky). Those who do annex will get a small algo boost while fighting vassalspammers.

It is ironic that you mentioned Crim in the list of Mods there, given that Crim has around 19 vassals

If you check Crim's post, most of his "vassals" are actually British, and he lost Britannia a few turns ago. Moreover, a decent amount of his "vassals" are colonies, which rarely count as separate nations in algos. And unlike the rest of the players, we know what he's planning on doing to cut down on it anyways. So, Rimp, before you start complaining without even signing it, at least check your facts straight. -Sky

Scandivania controlled Britannia ... ? That's even worse than a Sikh Empire in a land where they don't even constitute 10% of the population and somehow managed to take power because a Mod liked Sikhs and just decided to give them land twice as much as the Sikhs ever controlled OTL.

Many of Crim's vassals (Eire, Dublin, etc.) are still part of Britannia, and thus should be redacted. Also, their colonies in Borealia were sold to Arcadia -Nathan

Most of those are colonies, Rimp. Also, Scandinavia didn't own Britannia. And the Nordic Union hasn't broken up yet. Bfox and I are still working out the RP details. -Crim

No real mod events this turn. Enjoy!

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: King Ferdinand's rule continues, and his animosity towards Chancellor Heinrich Oberst intensifies. He dismisses the veteran politician from the High Council, replacing him with one of the increasingly influential pro-decentralization lords, the Count of Lippe. Fortification of the Belize-Mexaca border continues in preparation for the expected assault. This year, several regular army and feudal militia units arrive as reinforcements. In a panic, King Ferdinand sends an offer of a bribe to Mexaca, in exchange for turning its attention to the French colonies to the north and south.
  • Sultanate of Bengal: Sultan Mahmud Shah I was proclaimed the Sultan of the Sultanate of Bengal on 1808, and he initiated his rule over the Sultanate soon after. The Sultanate of Bengal saw a slight demographical as immigration from former Bengali crown vassals for the economic opportunity was on the rise. The Bengali population rose about 67.2 million, mostly due to the large influx of Bengali immigrants coming from Vijaynagara. The Empire officially began a reform of the economic system looking to bail the economy out of crisis from war debt, The bullion was geared toward giving the empire a competitive edge in being able to invest millions on a whim in order to drive up investments and production. However, in order to pay off debt, larger taxes are imposed on the wealthier class, with the current monarch starting to become more popular as the general populace viewed him as a Guardian. Meanwhile, the Bengali navy began further development of its new larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets the fifth and sixth rates begin to become more standard as light and medium frigates for singular voyages and patrols among other things. Along the same time, a standardized army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with soldiers armed with modern rifles and with cannons to be used as an ideal seige equipment. However, apart from the national army, an Imperial Guard was also set up. mainly to protect the Monarchy from any revolutionaries. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was also equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Bengal, selling such goods as rice, wheat, maize, potatoes, indigo, opium, wheat, cannabis and other crops to European merchants as well as Indian. However, jute and cotton, in particular served as the most important exports of Bengal given their importance. The Emperor, Mahmud Shah III implemented a new currency system which was to be the well-regulated silver-based Bengali Tanki. The flocking of populations to Bengal coastal cities continued with a mass increase of population in Visakhapatnam, Calcutta, Bhubaneswar, and various other minor cities and townships throughout the south. Of particular importance was the city of Calcutta which was established as the new capital of Bengal, replacing Pandua. Thus, with the inflow of manpower, the Sultanate expanded upon its shipbuilding and fishery industry, given that the Bay of Bengal had been established as a virtual Bengali lake, with little to no opposition faced from Burma or Vijaynagar. The positive atmosphere and attitude of the Bengali people towards industrialization led to a decision to link the empire with a railroad system and therefore, experimental railroads were constructed from Calcutta to Pandua and Chittagong. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Bengal - Jaunpur Diplomacy: The Sultan of the Sultanate of Bengal, Mahmud Ashraf Shah I proposes an alliance to the Sultan of the Sultanate of Jaunpur, Ahmad Shah II. The alliance would generally serve as a deterrent to foreign aggression, and maintain the sovereignty and integrity of Jaunpur and Bengal. Moreover, it would grant access to merchants from Bengal and Jaunpur access to trade routes of the other, and would no longer have to face merchant taxes, although tariffs would have to be maintained at a certain level. Along the same time, it would once again bring Jaunpur and Bengal together, for the two Muslim states have had a long history of cooperation and friendship. Sultan Mahmud Ashraf Shah I also mentions potential sharing of technology between the two states as well as the usage of a single currency by the two states. [Mod Response]
  • Andea: The Los Federales take power in the Congress of Buenos Noches this year. With a population of 28,000,000, overcrowding becomes an issue in Andea proper. As a result, many Andeans begin to relocate to the territories of Chile, Apeac, and Voryloclayr. This Year, another 110,000 leave Andea proper, with most of them finding their way to Aymara. Kurillianka takes the throne in both Andea and Voryloyclayr. Buenos Noches continues to grow, with a population of 65,000. Cuzco remains the largest city, with a population of 190,000. Military stands at 200,000 active men, and another 200,000 in reserve. The nation continues to expand its industry and steam power. The new Federales Government passes the Limitation Doctrine, which gives them the power to declare war should a potential threat be perceived by the Andean Government or her sphere of influence. We also continue our support for the Osean Dictatorship. Chile is annexed into the Nation after a referendum, with 78% of voters voting for union.
    • Andean Overseas Territories: The Falkland Islands, under direct control of the Andean Military, prove to be a strategic location in protecting Vorlayacor's coast line. A military force of 15,000 is stationed on the islands.
    • Empire of the Aymara: The Kingdoms of Aymara and Tiwanku merge to form the Empire of Aymara. The nation's population stands at 245,000. Many of the Andeans coming into the nation bring in the idea of a united Andea with them, encourging the idea of civic nationalism.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 220,000, as Andean settlers come in, seeking more land then they can get in their homeland. 4000 militiamen remain activated in the territory. 20,000 Andean Military men remain active in the territory. Andean Settlers meet resistance from Mataco raiders, who attack settlements on the frontier.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at seven million. Military stands at 25,000 active men, with another 20,000 in reserve. Andean Military bases have 35,000 men stationed.
    • Republic of Brazil: Luiz Rousseff is elected this year, with a Brazilian constitution being approved this year. The Military continues to expand, with 35,000 men in the armed services. Industry continues to expand as well, growing rapidly. The Nation also agrees to the Cuzco-Santa Cruz Alliance, creating a binding military alliance between Andea and Brazil, stating that the two will always come to each others aid when needed. It also allows the two to move troops through each others nation.
  • The Caliphate drastically develops military and the economy of the nation. We begin to construct the nation to its previous extent and glory. In addition to this endeavour, we start to garrison more men on our eastern borders, in addition to our border with the Roman Empire. Also, we try to influence the Persian Gulf trade to our control, in opposition to the Persia. We improve Mecca every year, donating a significant part of our treasury to the Holy City. As our steady population increases, so does our economy. A significant number of ships are built for our fleet. As we also begin to modernize our army, we improve the many cities of the Caliphate, specifically in Yemen and Iraq. We get back to China with the offer they proposed, accepting it.
  • How the hell did China get into contact with the Caliphate. Also, Caliphate what?
  • Early Muslims from Arabia first made contact with China in 616 AD, roughly ,200 years ago. So, I don't even see where's the problem LMAO. -Rimp
  • Is there also not one Caliphate? On the nations list at the least. -Josh
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Railroads for steam engines begin to be built to span many cities across the plains. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt, along with typewriters imported from Arcadia. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. The new steamships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as the Kenai Peninsula. An agreement of trade and military support is offered to the Kiatagamiut Band (Mod response). Support is still given to the rebels in Texas. Settlers continue to push into the French territories north of Texas. To address the situation in Europe, the Commonwealth declares its support for the Republican Rebels in Britannia.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements.
  • Russia: We keep recruiting more soldiers (We now have 400.000 soldiers). We continue building up our army and navy, we start constructing 12 warships at Saint Pitensbourg thus giving many jobs to local people and reducing unemploynment, and improving our technology. We also keep expanding our economy. Meanwhile, we continue making more schools (Now we have 1,500 open schools), theaters and libraries. We continue industrializing. We donate money to the Church to build more Christian-Orthodox churches all over the country(Now we have 950 open churches and we keep building). We introduce the cultivation of the potato into Russia. We bring silkworms from China, and we cultivate silk into Russia. We start encouraging our people to make more children with benefits and and better subsidies. Population stands at 16,200,000.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1837, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1827, several textile factories and manufacturing foundries open up in Landshut, and they soon employ child labour in order to largen the workforce. Barely anyone complains about this as child labour becomes a large source of income for many impoverished families. In other news, rumors fly concerning the dissolution of the now-defunct RBSC. These rumors become reality in 1828 when the RBSC officially dissolves. Many people go out of work, and a slight economic downturn takes place. However, nothing major occurs and many people find jobs in the industrial sector. Bavaria continues aiding the Borealians. In Europe, many women and religious minorities who previously ample work in the court have now been pushed down the social ladder by King Franz-Rudolph's conservative ascendancy. In other news, several textile companies grow prominent in Munich and Passau. In 1835, the revolt in Vienna is swiftly crushed and Anna von H.W. continues to be imprisoned. She is sentenced to deportation, and through agreements with King Ferdinand of Hamburg, she is sent there. In positive news, the railway industry expands greatly and causes an economic upswing. However, as early as 1836, people begin to be perturbed by the excessively low wages that rail workers are receiving. By year end, many also begin to critically analyze child labor and its prevalence in places like Landshut and Munich. West Tyrol begins is annexed into Austria (Turn Three of Three). In political news, many people are spooked by the nascent annexation of West Tyrol, and many parliamentarians call for the King to return Brandenburg and Pomerania to their original status. The King considers doing so, realizing he may have made a huge, perhaps illegal, move by annexing the two territories. In a speech on June 1, he announces that by next year, he will make a decision on whether or not to re-establish Brandenburg and Pomerania. In 1837, he decides to restore both countries to their original constituent form. However, they will not be structured as duchies, but as more democratic Commonwealths, with autonomous governments and bureaucracies. Many people welcome this change, and it is seen as a sign of modernization. With this, two political parties acutely develop in the Diet. On the right are those supported by the King: Randolphine Conservatives, who publicly support the King's original decision in annexing the two aforementioned states. They also support social conservatism, industrialization, capitalism, and a quieter version of romanticism. On the left there are those who would most likely be supported by late Queen Mary I or her son: Marian Liberals, who support the King's most recent decision in the creation of Commonwealths, as well as social liberalism, regulated industrialization, and anti-corruption. Many liberals also supported Anna von H.W., while their right-wing counterparts certainly do not. Another interesting difference between them is that the Marian Liberals supported public works and heavy investment in infrastructure, while conservatives think that each constituent state should handle their own infrastructure and economy. For instance, the liberals would support the actions of King Albert after the Austrian war of the 1650s, when he spearheaded campaigns to reconstruct the battered state of roads, ports, and farms of Austria. In other news, several newspapers and authores publish works detailing the plight of the lower class and seeming disappearance of the middle class.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1832.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Commonwealth of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Brandenburg is re-established in 1837, and a Governor is elected promptly thereafter. Having more autonomy than other Bavaro-German realms, the Governor creates many new departments in Brandenburg. Among them is the Department of the Military, which train troops and research modern military technology. Also created is the Department of Commerce and Treasury, which handles issues of domestic economy and foreign trade.
    • Commonwealth of Pomerania (Constituent State of the CUG): Pomerania is re-established in 1837, and a Governor is elected promptly thereafter. Having more autonomy than other Bavaro-German realms, the Governor creates many new departments in Pomerania. Among them is the Department of War, which handles military strategy and financing. Also created are two smaller departments, each being responsible for the Army and the Navy. Also created is a Department of Treasurers. Interestingly enough, a Department of Polish Affairs is created to better assimilate the ethnic Polish minorities into Bavaro-German culture.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Nordic Union: The economy and military of Scandinavia and Britannia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Urbanization in London leads to rapid industrialization of southern Britannia. This also happens in Copenhagen and Oslo. While Oslo celebrates the explosion of population, Copenhagen starts seeing overcrowding issues. Incentives to resettle in Finnish and Icelandic areas are enacted. Scandinavia and Britannia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Nordic iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. The British colonies, in the meantime, provide bountiful food for the Nordic Union. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Pskov, the Roman Empire, and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian and British courts. The ports in Iceland and London are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach twenty million by 1830. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. In political news, the House of Scandinavia-Britannia continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia wishes to become closer to the Dutch. Centuries ago, the Northern Trading Pact had solidified British, Scandinavian and Dutch relations alike. King Nikolos IV says that he would like to return to this.
    • Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Scandinavia-Britannia, a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand their navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 10,000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Hondeklip: The military of this African colony expands. In the meantime, Hondeklip expands by 1000 sq km.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. Iceland begins to expand its outpost on Greenland by 20,000 sq km this year. The iron mines in Iceland lead to several entrepreneurs flocking to Iceland in the interest of expanding their personal fortunes.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • Mexaca: The people of Mexaca begin becoming restless. In the meantime, the military and economy expand.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expand.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to integrate the former Tartar vassals of Cherniv and Azov into their nation.
  • Morocco: The Kingdom of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up military. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and population continues to grow. The nation expends by 3000 sq km, with a few new cities are built and roads are built between old and new cities. New schools, that are asked for cities' mayors by Moroccan government's Child Education Act, are now built at 10 largest cities of Morocco and the Moroccan Age for Education starts officially.
  • China: The government continues industrializing. After the successful war with Manchu, the government forms a joint military/civil government to control the area until it stabilizes. The Emperor manages to calm down some governors who disagree with a citizens congress to provide advice and the general population's requests for the nation. The military continues to modernize, and rifles are issued to infantry. Breech-loading cannons are designed and planned as is a steam engine. There is still much work before we can begin producing them. Education begins to increase also it is generally the wealthier population due to the time consumption it takes, and farmers can ill afford to send a child to school. The military begins to reinforce the Great Wall of China with cannons and pikemen. The military has 300,000 infantry soldiers, 50,000 cavalrymen, 50,000 archers, 20,000 crossbowmen, 10,000 automatic crossbowmen, 5,000 cannon soldiers on 500 cannons, and 50,000 sailors manning 100 large ships, and 200 small ships and boats. The military attacks Manchu again to capture more territory. The government begins to look into producing steel for additional strength. (Mil/Eco Turn)
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. After a long, heated discussion of how Reme would governed, the tribal representatives (as well as notable Byzantine-Borealians) decide to create a republic, with a basic constitution that would be given basic rights to citizens of Reme. After these discussions, a rich Byzantine-Borealian named Stephanos Shawnee, and becomes the first President of Reme. Shawnee starts to upgrade trade and military services. However seeing Reme, a new nation, vulnerable to foreign attack, starts to encourage militarization of the west, and opens up to military alliances with other nations. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. Shawnee also commands the creation of a couple new navy ships, to help modernize the outdated Remian navy. Reme continues to expand into he Michigan Peninsula, expanding another 150 px into the area.
  • Castile: We improve our economy and our infrastructure. We declare war to Navare cause we are the same nation to annex them and we ask Russia (our ally) for help. We fully mobilize and invade Navarre.
    • Russia: We sent 100,000 troops to our ally Castile.
    • You lack the ability to send numbers of that magnitude.
    • Russia: Then we are sending 10,000 troops to our ally Castile.

Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of *Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor. Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.

    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
    • China: We offer Tartary and alliance.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: In the general election this year there is a backlash against the current government due to the loss of Thabascho last year. The electorate turns to the new 'Catholic Bloc' as a means of bringing order to the chaotic Landtag. Military expands in the colonies especially.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. A Pskovian Gunsmith, tired of the smoke from his pistol, inadvertantly invents the percussion cap, and makes a few prototypes. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. After the death of the current Patriarch of Pskov, a Tverian bishop is elected to the post, taking the name Patriarch Alexis I and moves into the Trinity Monestary in Pskov, becoming the new Patriarch of Pskov and all the Russias. The Grand Senate's powers grow more and more, as it asserts itself as the highest power in the union slowly, but surely. After almost a hundred years of growing powers, the de-facto situation in the Union is that it is now effectively a federation. A large summit is set to divide the powers between all nations and the Grand Senate in an official manner, and limit its influence because they fear of the National parliaments will soon have no powers compared to it.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares itself the successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League.
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time.
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics.
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding.
  • Algonquia: Launches huge-scale modernization efforts, focusing on the military, economy and infrastructure. Focus on modernizing the navy and creating an effective ferry service to link the nation together results in the launch of new and more modern ships. Telegraph lines are expanded to Chemiwanit in the far West. All vassals also modernize, although more slowly. Algonquian merchants begin to look for trade opportunities in more far-flung markets, like Hesperia and the Imperial Sea. The war in Newfoundland proves bloody, but Algonquian troops hold their own against the Dutch, with the Beothuk contingents fighting especially hard to liberate their homeland. An agreement is signed with the Dutch, bringing the war to a quick end. The High Sachem mollifies the population by assuring them the war will bring great benefits in the future. Algonquia also begins influencing the two disorganized native states to the southwest (Turn Two of Four). The military undergoes significant exercises this year, to further its preparation for another conflict.
    • Ojibwe: The vassals of North Ojibwe and Nipissing merge into the vassal of Ojibwe, and continue to provide necessary help in the war. Plans are laid to merge the territories with Algonquia proper after the war.
    • Odawa: Odawa improves its military, and focuses on industrialization in emulation of Algonquia. Mackinac prospers, and is treated as the nation's "second city".
    • Port of Hielijan: As the war starts, the harbour is blocked to protect the port from naval attack and a boom is drawn across it. Dozens of heavy guns defend the port, which is also heavily garrisoned. The port's local military, mainly made up of local Beothuk, participates in the war, their local knowledge proving highly valuable.

1838

The Demak Sultanate loses influence in Australia to the Australian Muslims. Their colony ultimately switches allegiance to them as a result.

  • Sultanate of Bengal: Sultan Mahmud Shah I was proclaimed the Sultan of the Sultanate of Bengal on 1808, and he initiated his rule over the Sultanate soon after. The Sultanate of Bengal saw a slight demographical as immigration from former Bengali crown vassals for the economic opportunity was on the rise. The Bengali population rose about 67.2 million, mostly due to the large influx of Bengali immigrants coming from Vijaynagara. The Empire officially began a reform of the economic system looking to bail the economy out of crisis from war debt, The bullion was geared toward giving the empire a competitive edge in being able to invest millions on a whim in order to drive up investments and production. However, in order to pay off debt, larger taxes are imposed on the wealthier class, with the current monarch starting to become more popular as the general populace viewed him as a Guardian. Meanwhile, the Bengali navy began further development of its new larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets the fifth and sixth rates begin to become more standard as light and medium frigates for singular voyages and patrols among other things. Along the same time, a standardized army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with soldiers armed with modern rifles and with cannons to be used as an ideal seige equipment. However, apart from the national army, an Imperial Guard was also set up. mainly to protect the Monarchy from any revolutionaries. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was also equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Bengal, selling such goods as rice, wheat, maize, potatoes, indigo, opium, wheat, cannabis and other crops to European merchants as well as Indian. However, jute and cotton, in particular served as the most important exports of Bengal given their importance. The Emperor, Mahmud Shah III implemented a new currency system which was to be the well-regulated silver-based Bengali Tanki. The flocking of populations to Bengal coastal cities continued with a mass increase of population in Visakhapatnam, Calcutta, Bhubaneswar, and various other minor cities and townships throughout the south. Of particular importance was the city of Calcutta which was established as the new capital of Bengal, replacing Pandua. Thus, with the inflow of manpower, the Sultanate expanded upon its shipbuilding and fishery industry, given that the Bay of Bengal had been established as a virtual Bengali lake, with little to no opposition faced from Burma or Vijaynagar. The positive atmosphere and attitude of the Bengali people towards industrialization led to a decision to link the empire with a railroad system and therefore, experimental railroads were constructed from Calcutta to Pandua and Chittagong. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Bengal - Jaunpur Diplomacy: The Sultan of the Sultanate of Bengal, Mahmud Ashraf Shah I proposes an alliance to the Sultan of the Sultanate of Jaunpur, Ahmad Shah II. The alliance would generally serve as a deterrent to foreign aggression, and maintain the sovereignty and integrity of Jaunpur and Bengal. Moreover, it would grant access to merchants from Bengal and Jaunpur access to trade routes of the other, and would no longer have to face merchant taxes, although tariffs would have to be maintained at a certain level. Along the same time, it would once again bring Jaunpur and Bengal together, for the two Muslim states have had a long history of cooperation and friendship. Sultan Mahmud Ashraf Shah I also mentions potential sharing of technology between the two states as well as the usage of a single currency by the two states. [Mod Response]
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to integrate the former Tartar vassals of Cherniv and Azov into their nation.
  • Georgia- Forts are built in the passes of tge Caucasus mountains. Much more Slavs move to Georgia. Military is built up even more. Georgia starts aggressively converting Muslims. Unrest among Muslims rise.
  • The Caliphate drastically develops military and the economy of the nation. We begin to construct the nation to its previous extent and glory. In addition to this endeavour, we start to garrison more men oo our eastern borders, in addition to our border with the Roman Empire. Also, we try to influence the Persian Gulf trade to our control, in opposition to the Persia. We improve Mecca every year, donating a significant part of our treasury to the Holy City. As our steady population increases, so does our economy. A significant number of ships are built for our fleet. As we also begin to modernize our army, we improve the many cities of the Caliphate, specifically in Yemen and Iraq.
  • Nordic Union: The economy and military of Scandinavia and Britannia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Urbanization in London leads to rapid industrialization of southern Britannia. This also happens in Copenhagen and Oslo. While Oslo celebrates the explosion of population, Copenhagen starts seeing overcrowding issues. Incentives to resettle in Finnish and Icelandic areas are enacted. Scandinavia and Britannia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Nordic iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. The British colonies, in the meantime, provide bountiful food for the Nordic Union. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Pskov, the Roman Empire, and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian and British courts. The ports in Iceland and London are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach twenty million by 1830. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. In political news, the House of Scandinavia-Britannia continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia wishes to become closer to the Dutch. Centuries ago, the Northern Trading Pact had solidified British, Scandinavian and Dutch relations alike. King Nikolos IV says that he would like to return to this. They instruct Mexaca, as a member of the Commonwealth, to cease their attacks on Hamburg.
    • Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Scandinavia-Britannia, a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand their navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 10,000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Hondeklip: The military of this African colony expands. In the meantime, Hondeklip expands by 1000 sq km.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. Iceland begins to expand its outpost on Greenland by 20,000 sq km this year. The iron mines in Iceland lead to several entrepreneurs flocking to Iceland in the interest of expanding their personal fortunes.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expand.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • Andea: The Los Federales take power in the Congress of Buenos Noches this year. With a population of 23,000,000, overcrowding becomes an issue in Andea proper. As a result, many Andeans begin to relocate to the territories of Chile, Apeac, and Voryloclayr. This Year, another 100,000 leave Andea proper, with most of them finding their way to Aymara. Kurillianka takes the throne in both Andea and Voryloyclayr. Buenos Noches continues to grow, with a population of 65,000. Cuzco remains the largest city, with a population of 190,000. Military stands at 200,000 active men, and another 200,000 in reserve. The nation continues to expand its industry and steam power. The new Federales Government passes the Limitation Doctrine, which gives them the power to declare war should a potential threat be perceived by the Andean Government or her sphere of influence. We also continue our support for the Osean Dictatorship.
    • Andean Overseas Territories: The Falkland Islands, under direct control of the Andean Military, prove to be a strategic location in protecting Vorlayacor's coast line. A military force of 15,000 is stationed on the islands.
    • Empire of the Aymara: The Kingdoms of Aymara and Tiwanku merge to form the Empire of Aymara. The nation's population stands at 295,000. Many of the Andeans coming into the nation bring in the idea of a united Andea with them, encourging the idea of civic nationalism.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 150,000, as Andean settlers come in, seeking more land then they can get in their homeland. 4000 militiamen remain activated in the territory. 20,000 Andean Military men remain active in the territory. Andean Settlers meet resistance from Mataco raiders, who attack settlements on the frontier.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at seven million. Military stands at 25,000 active men, with another 20,000 in reserve. Andean Military bases have 35,000 men stationed.
    • Republic of Brazil: Luiz Rousseff is elected this year, with a Brazilian constitution being approved this year. The Military continues to expand, with 35,000 men in the armed services. Industry continues to expand as well, growing rapidly. The Nation also agrees to the Cuzco-Santa Cruz Alliance, creating a binding military alliance between Andea and Brazil, stating that the two will always come to each others aid when needed. It also allows the two to move troops through each others nation.
  • Morocco: The Kingdom of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up military. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and population continues to grow. The nation expends by 5000 sq km, with a few new cities are built and roads are built between old and new cities.
  • Mexaco: With the recent independence of the country Mexaco begins to move towards more heavy centralization in the nation. Overall the leader Hernando Cuauhtémoc is pressured to remain on the offensive against the two european colonies currently under seige. However with the petition from Scandinavia he seeks to find a peaceful end to the situation but cites the Mexacan colonial history and that overall between Indigenous claims and claims to Spains former territory, the Mexacans wish this territory turned over to the nation. Hernando Cuauhtémoc also mentions to the Scandinavian diplomat that if he wishes to maintain good relations with Mexaca then these territories should be ceded. Otherwise it would lead to all out fallout of public support for the commonwealth. He mentions he would have no control over such a situation and wishes to find a more peaceful situation to handle the movement that wishes total independence from the commonwealth. Mexaco with this, however, remains in a stationary but also offensive position on the colonies but waits for a diplomatic response from Scandinavia. The nation itself boasts a solid population of over a few million people, however, no accurate census has been counted yet to give more concrete numbers. The Military, however, due to huge amonts of volunteers is a nearly 150,000 strong with a flagging and independent infrastructure sytem stuggling to supply such vast amounts of troops. The Mexacan generalship begins looking for ways to stem the tide of recruits and pushing them to more meaningful national projects. They plan to cut the military forces to a smaller force of about 80,000 for the time being during the nations centralization process. The Emperor Hernando Cuauhtémoc in a more progessive move begins looking towards enabling a constitution for the country making the Empire constitutional rather than an Absolute monarchy. He also begins drawing up plans for future movements of diplomacy looking to solidy many things a newly independent nation needs.
  • Cour looks to be absent and this was absent id really enjoy getting back into the game and have been looking for an opportunity for a while. Hope this is okay The Wings of Freedom #FP Wings of freedom 2 (Talk to Me)
    • Remian Diplomacy: Reme offers to open relations to, and offers to trade cotton and tobbaco for goods.
    • The Commonwealth of Borealia: offers trade relations with Mexaco, agreeing to sell bison and mass manufacture and raw materials from Mexaco.
  • Russia: We continue recruiting more soldiers. We continue building up/improving our army and navy, we continue improving our technology. We also keep expanding our economy. Meanwhile, we continue making more schools (Now we have 10,300 open schools), theaters and libraries. We continue industrializing and infrastructure. We continue encouraging our people to make more children with benefits and and better subsidies. Our population now stands at 16,400,000. This population increase happened by previous encouraging to our people to make more children.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. After a long, heated discussion of how Reme would governed, the tribal representatives (as well as notable Byzantine-Borealians) decide to create a republic, with a basic constitution that would be given basic rights to citizens of Reme. After these discussions, a rich Byzantine-Borealian named Stephanos Shawnee, and becomes the first President of Reme. Shawnee starts to upgrade trade and military services. However seeing Reme, a new nation, vulnerable to foreign attack, starts to encourage militarization of the west, and opens up to military alliances with other nations. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. Shawnee also commands the creation of a couple new navy ships, to help modernize the outdated Remian navy. Reme continues to expand into he Michigan Peninsula, expanding another 150 px into the area.
  • China: The government continues the invasion of Manchu to conquer the nation before they can go on the offensive. The government justifies this invasion to the national security against their nation. Although we are enemies, we treat the civilian population under our control with justice and organize a government with some of their population. The government in our empire continues democratic reforms with the Congress starting for the first time this year. The military continues working on breech loading cannons and steam engines for ships. The Navy continues modernization.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Railroads for steam engines begin to be built to span many cities across the plains. The first telephone company opens to sell this commodity across the commonwealth. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. The new steamships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as the Kenai Peninsula. An agreement of trade and military support is offered to the Kiatagamiut Band (Mod response). Support is still given to the rebels in Texas. Settlers continue to push into the French territories north of Texas. To address the situation in Europe, the Commonwealth declares its support for the Republican Rebels in Britannia. Also this year, a journalist in San Francisco claimed to have discovered secret papers from Mexaco, suggesting that the Emperor was planning on subjugating the people of Borealia and placing them on a dictatorship. In order to avoid a scandal, the Curia decided to withdraw support from the Belizian War.
  • Assyria: The government is overthrown by Agron Bashir, who is supported by the Assyrian Church of the East. He quickly begins government reforms, sweeping out the old corrupted system and installing trustworthy yet competant advisors in place. New Assyrian cultural projects designed to raise cultural awareness and identity begin, and efforts begin to modernize industry and agriculture.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1838, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1827, several textile factories and manufacturing foundries open up in Landshut, and they soon employ child labour in order to largen the workforce. Barely anyone complains about this as child labour becomes a large source of income for many impoverished families. In other news, rumors fly concerning the dissolution of the now-defunct RBSC. These rumors become reality in 1828 when the RBSC officially dissolves. Many people go out of work, and a slight economic downturn takes place. However, nothing major occurs and many people find jobs in the industrial sector. Bavaria continues aiding the Borealians. In Europe, many women and religious minorities who previously ample work in the court have now been pushed down the social ladder by King Franz-Rudolph's conservative ascendancy. In other news, several textile companies grow prominent in Munich and Passau. In 1835, the revolt in Vienna is swiftly crushed and Anna von H.W. continues to be imprisoned. She is sentenced to deportation, and through agreements with King Ferdinand of Hamburg, she is sent there. In positive news, the railway industry expands greatly and causes an economic upswing. However, as early as 1836, people begin to be perturbed by the excessively low wages that rail workers are receiving. By year end, many also begin to critically analyze child labor and its prevalence in places like Landshut and Munich. With this, two political parties acutely develop in the Diet. On the right are those supported by the King: Randolphine Conservatives, who publicly support the King's original decision in annexing the two aforementioned states. They also support social conservatism, industrialization, capitalism, and a quieter version of romanticism. On the left there are those who would most likely be supported by late Queen Mary I or her son: Marian Liberals, who support the King's most recent decision in the creation of Commonwealths, as well as social liberalism, regulated industrialization, and anti-corruption. Many liberals also supported Anna von H.W., while their right-wing counterparts certainly do not. Another interesting difference between them is that the Marian Liberals supported public works and heavy investment in infrastructure, while conservatives think that each constituent state should handle their own infrastructure and economy. For instance, the liberals would support the actions of King Albert after the Austrian war of the 1650s, when he spearheaded campaigns to reconstruct the battered state of roads, ports, and farms of Austria. In other news, several newspapers and authores publish works detailing the plight of the lower class and seeming disappearance of the middle class.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1832.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgCommonwealth of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Brandenburg is re-established in 1837, and a Governor is elected promptly thereafter. Having more autonomy than other Bavaro-German realms, the Governor creates many new departments in Brandenburg. Among them is the Department of the Military, which train troops and research modern military technology. Also created is the Department of Commerce and Treasury, which handles issues of domestic economy and foreign trade.
    • Pommernflagpm3Commonwealth of Pomerania (Constituent State of the CUG): Pomerania is re-established in 1837, and a Governor is elected promptly thereafter. Having more autonomy than other Bavaro-German realms, the Governor creates many new departments in Pomerania. Among them is the Department of War, which handles military strategy and financing. Also created are two smaller departments, each being responsible for the Army and the Navy. Also created is a Department of Treasurers. Interestingly enough, a Department of Polish Affairs is created to better assimilate the ethnic Polish minorities into Bavaro-German culture.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League.
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time.
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics.
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding.
  • Algonquia: Launches huge-scale modernization efforts, focusing on the military, economy and infrastructure. Focus on modernizing the navy and creating an effective ferry service to link the nation together results in the launch of new and more modern ships. Telegraph lines are expanded to Chemiwanit in the far West. All vassals also modernize, although more slowly. Algonquian merchants begin to look for trade opportunities in more far-flung markets, like Hesperia and the Imperial Sea. The war in Newfoundland proves bloody, but Algonquian troops hold their own against the Dutch, with the Beothuk contingents fighting especially hard to liberate their homeland. An agreement is signed with the Dutch, bringing the war to a quick end. The High Sachem mollifies the population by assuring them the war will bring great benefits in the future. Algonquia also begins influencing the two disorganized native states to the southwest (Turn Three of Four). The military undergoes significant exercises this year, to further its preparation for another conflict.
    • Ojibwe: The vassals of North Ojibwe and Nipissing merge into the vassal of Ojibwe, and continue to provide necessary help in the war. Plans are laid to merge the territories with Algonquia proper after the war.
    • Odawa: Odawa improves its military, and focuses on industrialization in emulation of Algonquia. Mackinac prospers, and is treated as the nation's "second city".
    • Port of Hielijan: The economy continues to develop through trade and Beothuk immigrate.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. A Pskovian Gunsmith, tired of the smoke from his pistol, inadvertantly invents the percussion cap, and makes a few prototypes. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. After the death of the current Patriarch of Pskov, a Tverian bishop is elected to the post, taking the name Patriarch Alexis I and moves into the Trinity Monestary in Pskov, becoming the new Patriarch of Pskov and all the Russias. The Grand Senate's powers grow more and more, as it asserts itself as the highest power in the union slowly, but surely. After almost a hundred years of growing powers, the de-facto situation in the Union is that it is now effectively a federation. A large summit is set to divide the powers between all nations and the Grand Senate in an official manner, and limit its influence because they fear of the National parliaments will soon have no powers compared to it. AFter a year of negotiations, a new constitution is decided upon which officialy divides powers between the National parliaments and the federal parliaments (issues such as war, agriculture, industry, fishing, infrastructure, medicine, educaiton, etc...). The New nation is re-formed into the Grand Union of Balts, Slavs and Finns (GUBSF).

1839

The Osean dictatorship collapses with the death of the most recent dictator. Some tension and panic emerges as the country struggles with succession.

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: New Mecklenburg in OTL Australia expands by 750 px. With the Mexacan army pushed back from their assault on Belize, Sophia von Hamburg grows in popularity grows in the realm for her successful coordination of the defense. With the so-called "Mexacan crisis" seemingly solved, attention turns to the Kuban Resistance. Sophia, Duke Belize, and Baron Havana meet in Havana to discuss options. They agree to recruit locals who lean towards Hambug, if only for defense from an obviously expansionist Mexaca, to aid in counter-resistance operations. Their support comes from mostly from either end of the island, as well as the largest cities of Havana and Guantanamo and their suburbs. A reward is also offered to any citizen who brings forward information leading to successful anti-resistance operations.
  • Sultanate of Bengal: Sultan Mahmud Shah I was proclaimed the Sultan of the Sultanate of Bengal on 1810, and he initiated his rule over the Sultanate soon after. The Sultanate of Bengal saw a slight demographical as immigration from former Bengali crown vassals for the economic opportunity was on the rise. The Bengali population rose about 67.2 million, mostly due to the large influx of Bengali immigrants coming from Vijaynagara. The Empire officially began a reform of the economic system looking to bail the economy out of crisis from war debt, The bullion was geared toward giving the empire a competitive edge in being able to invest millions on a whim in order to drive up investments and production. However, in order to pay off debt, larger taxes are imposed on the wealthier class, with the current monarch starting to become more popular as the general populace viewed him as a Guardian. Meanwhile, the Bengali navy began further development of its new larger classes of steam engine ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets the fifth and sixth rates begin to become more standard as light and medium frigates for singular voyages and patrols among other things. Along the same time, a standardized army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with soldiers armed with modern rifles and with cannons to be used as an ideal seige equipment. However, apart from the national army, an Imperial Guard was also set up. mainly to protect the Monarchy from any revolutionaries. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was also equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy. In agriculture was the largest economic focus of Bengal, selling such goods as rice, wheat, maize, potatoes, indigo, opium, wheat, cannabis and other crops to European merchants as well as Indian. However, jute and cotton, in particular served as the most important exports of Bengal given their importance. The Emperor, Mahmud Shah III implemented a new currency system which was to be the well-regulated silver-based Bengali Tanki. The flocking of populations to Bengal coastal cities continued with a mass increase of population in Visakhapatnam, Calcutta, Bhubaneswar, and various other minor cities and townships throughout the south. Of particular importance was the city of Calcutta which was established as the new capital of Bengal, replacing Pandua. Thus, with the inflow of manpower, the Sultanate expanded upon its shipbuilding and fishery industry, given that the Bay of Bengal had been established as a virtual Bengali lake, with little to no opposition faced from Burma or Vijaynagar. The positive atmosphere and attitude of the Bengali people towards industrialization led to a decision to link the empire with a railroad system and therefore, experimental railroads were constructed from Calcutta to Pandua and Chittagong. Along the same time, Bengali influence steadily grew in Jaunpur with extensive immigration and trade between the two states. [Turn 1/10][NotVassalizingbtw] [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Bengal - Jaunpur Diplomacy: The Sultan of the Sultanate of Bengal, Mahmud Ashraf Shah I proposes an alliance to the Sultan of the Sultanate of Jaunpur, Ahmad Shah II. The alliance would generally serve as a deterrent to foreign aggression, and maintain the sovereignty and integrity of Jaunpur and Bengal. Moreover, it would grant access to merchants from Bengal and Jaunpur access to trade routes of the other, and would no longer have to face merchant taxes, although tariffs would have to be maintained at a certain level. Along the same time, it would once again bring Jaunpur and Bengal together, for the two Muslim states have had a long history of cooperation and friendship. Sultan Mahmud Ashraf Shah I also mentions potential sharing of technology between the two states as well as the usage of a single currency by the two states. [Mod Response]
  • The Caliphate drastically develops military and the economy of the nation. We begin to construct the nation to its previous extent and glory. In addition to this endeavour, we start to garrison more men on our eastern borders, in addition to our border with the Roman Empire. Also, we try to influence the Persian Gulf trade to our control, in opposition to the Persia. We improve Mecca every year, donating a significant part of our treasury to the Holy City. As our steady population increases, so does our economy. A significant number of ships are built for our fleet. As we also begin to modernize our army, we improve the many cities of the Caliphate, specifically in Yemen and Iraq.
  • Russia: We continue recruiting more soldiers. We continue building up/improving our army and navy, we continue improving our technology. We also keep expanding our economy. Meanwhile, we continue making more schools (Now we have 11,000 open schools), theaters and libraries. We continue industrializing and infrastructure. We continue encouraging our people to make more children with benefits and and better subsidies. Our population now stands at 16,700,000. This population increase happened by previous encouraging to our people to make more children.
  • Andea: The Los Federales take power in the Congress of Buenos Noches this year. With a population of 23,000,000, overcrowding becomes an issue in Andea proper. As a result, many Andeans begin to relocate to the territories of Chile, Apeac, and Voryloclayr. This Year, another 100,000 leave Andea proper, with most of them finding their way to Aymara. Kurillianka takes the throne in both Andea and Voryloyclayr. Buenos Noches continues to grow, with a population of 65,000. Cuzco remains the largest city, with a population of 190,000. Military stands at 200,000 active men, and another 200,000 in reserve. The nation continues to expand its industry and steam power. The new Federales Government passes the Limitation Doctrine, which gives them the power to declare war should a potential threat be perceived by the Andean Government or her sphere of influence. We also continue our support for the Osean Dictatorship.
    • Andean Overseas Territories: The Falkland Islands, under direct control of the Andean Military, prove to be a strategic location in protecting Vorlayacor's coast line. A military force of 15,000 is stationed on the islands.
    • Empire of the Aymara: The Kingdoms of Aymara and Tiwanku merge to form the Empire of Aymara. The nation's population stands at 295,000. Many of the Andeans coming into the nation bring in the idea of a united Andea with them, encourging the idea of civic nationalism.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 150,000, as Andean settlers come in, seeking more land then they can get in their homeland. 4000 militiamen remain activated in the territory. 20,000 Andean Military men remain active in the territory. Andean Settlers meet resistance from Mataco raiders, who attack settlements on the frontier.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at seven million. Military stands at 25,000 active men, with another 20,000 in reserve. Andean Military bases have 35,000 men stationed.
    • Republic of Brazil: Luiz Rousseff is elected this year, with a Brazilian constitution being approved this year. The Military continues to expand, with 35,000 men in the armed services. Industry continues to expand as well, growing rapidly. The Nation also agrees to the Cuzco-Santa Cruz Alliance, creating a binding military alliance between Andea and Brazil, stating that the two will always come to each others aid when needed. It also allows the two to move troops through each others nation.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colony of Haejagang (해자강) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements.
  • Morocco: The Kingdom of Morocco continues to improve its economy, infrastructure and build up military. Morocco continues to westernize the nation and population continues to grow. The nation expends by 5000 sq km, with a few new cities are built and roads are built between old and new cities. However, more new schools are built in 20 cities of Morocco, 2 years since the Moroccan government's Child Education Act were passed.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to integrate the former Tartar vassals of Cherniv and Azov into their nation.
  • Nordic Union: The economy and military of Scandinavia and Britannia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Urbanization in London leads to rapid industrialization of southern Britannia. This also happens in Copenhagen and Oslo. While Oslo celebrates the explosion of population, Copenhagen starts seeing overcrowding issues. Incentives to resettle in Finnish and Icelandic areas are enacted. Scandinavia and Britannia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Nordic iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. The British colonies, in the meantime, provide bountiful food for the Nordic Union. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Pskov, the Roman Empire, and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian and British courts. The ports in Iceland and London are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach twenty million by 1830. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. In political news, the House of Scandinavia-Britannia continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia wishes to become closer to the Dutch. Centuries ago, the Northern Trading Pact had solidified British, Scandinavian and Dutch relations alike. King Nikolos IV says that he would like to return to this. Scandinavia again requests that Mexaca stand down. They remind Mexaca that, at this point in time, they are not in a position to make demands such as that.
    • Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Scandinavia-Britannia, a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand their navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 10,000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Hondeklip: The military of this African colony expands. In the meantime, Hondeklip expands by 1000 sq km.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. Iceland begins to expand its outpost on Greenland by 20,000 sq km this year. The iron mines in Iceland lead to several entrepreneurs flocking to Iceland in the interest of expanding their personal fortunes.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expand.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. After a long, heated discussion of how Reme would governed, the tribal representatives (as well as notable Byzantine-Borealians) decide to create a republic, with a basic constitution that would be given basic rights to citizens of Reme. After these discussions, a rich Byzantine-Borealian named Stephanos Shawnee, and becomes the first President of Reme. Shawnee starts to upgrade trade and military services. However seeing Reme, a new nation, vulnerable to foreign attack, starts to encourage militarization of the west, and opens up to military alliances with other nations. Meanwhile, trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump-start into the European economy. Shawnee also commands the creation of a couple new navy ships, to help modernize the outdated Remian navy. Reme continues to expand into he Michigan Peninsula, expanding another 150 px into the area. Meanwhile, the idea of building coal mines come into mind, especially in the OTL West Virginian area. Coal mining plants are started to be worked on. Reme also starts very slowly changing its focus to industrial things, with a nation wide railroad being considered to be built.
  • China: Industrialization continues. The military continues the invasion of Manchu. The government forms the House of Commons for the citizens to elect in 400 members. This will give them a voice, although the Emperor has the final say. Democratic reform continues as does economic development. The military looks to possibly liberate our cities controlled by Japan. The government looks for potential allies in Asia who would support us.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues. Kotor Saraka (Adelaide) continues to expand.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Carantanian Voivodeship (Karantansko Vojvodstvo): Being Alpine Slavic nation, the leaders begin a programme to create a standardized Carantanian language that will reflect on both the Slavic and Alpine (Germanic) aspects of Carantania.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Railroads for steam engines begin to be built to span many cities across the plains. The first telephone company opens to sell this commodity across the commonwealth. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. The new steamships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as the Kenai Peninsula. An agreement of trade and military support is offered to the Kiatagamiut Band (Mod response needed, as the Kiatagmiut are an NPC). Support is still given to the rebels in Texas. Settlers continue to push into the French territories north of Texas. To address the situation in Europe, the Commonwealth declares its support for the Republican Rebels in Britannia. Following the sensationalist newspaper from the previous year, more viscious rumors about the Empire of Mexaca begin to spread anti-Mexacan sentiment, mostly in California. Some say that Emperor Hernando is a mad tyrant who wishes to destroy all democracy. Others believe that he is actually decedent from the last Emperor of Hispania, who supposedly fled to Borealia after the War of the Grand Coalition. All of these rumors, however, are for the most part denied by the Curia.
  • Assyria: Thousands of Assyrians join the military as a highly effective propaganda and patriotism program sends morale skyrocketing. Mosul undergoes renovation as major botanical and architectural works begin. Miles of road are laid down and investors are welcomed into the region to lay down railroad tracks. Economic trade with Europe, especially the Roman Empire expands as the government begins to provide benefits and protection for traders. Talks begin with several weapons corporations based in Rome for talks on acquiring modern weaponry. The Council of Representatives is formed as a parliament, although Bashir has the power to open and close it at will. A census begins to be conducted across the nation.
  • Japanese Empire:We improve our military and our economy. We recruit more troops and now we have 500.000 troops. We fully mobilize. We also colonize the rest of the (OTL) Kuril Islands. We conduct a census and we see that we have 32.000.000 citizens, we encourage them to make more children. We ask Russia for an alliance. We secretly propose an alliance to China, to give them all our ports on the mainland with the exception of lands in Manchuria and Korea and they will will give us Hainan and we will jointly invade Korea and Manchuria and we will split them like that: http://s16.postimg.org/8wc1lp5bp/PMIII_1835.png, we will also peacefully deport any Chinese,Korean or Manchurian on our lands and protectorates and send them to China and they will do the same with Japanese in China, they will not conflict with our interests in the sea as we will not conflict with their interests in the mainland and they will promise not to attack us for 200 years,if they accept then we declare war to Manchuria.
    • Formosa: We begin to send more Japanese people to colonize and we deport the Chinese to China.
    • Papua: We expand our colony 20,000 sq km this year.
    • Kamchatka: We start colonizing the Kamchatka Peninsula expanding our colony 20,000 sq km this year.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League.
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time.
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics.
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The military expands, especially in the colonies. The Catholic Bloc gains a slim majority in the Landtag.
  • Algonquia: Launches huge-scale modernization efforts, focusing on the military, economy and infrastructure. Focus on modernizing the navy and creating an effective ferry service to link the nation together results in the launch of new and more modern ships. Telegraph lines are expanded to Chemiwanit in the far West. All vassals also modernize, although more slowly. Algonquian merchants begin to look for trade opportunities in more far-flung markets, like Hesperia and the Imperial Sea. The war in Newfoundland proves bloody, but Algonquian troops hold their own against the Dutch, with the Beothuk contingents fighting especially hard to liberate their homeland. An agreement is signed with the Dutch, bringing the war to a quick end. The High Sachem mollifies the population by assuring them the war will bring great benefits in the future. The military undergoes significant exercises this year, to further its preparation for another conflict. Ojibwe is annexed and integrated, while the two influenced native states are vassalized and united into the vassal of Menominee.
    • Odawa: Odawa improves its military, and focuses on industrialization in emulation of Algonquia. Mackinac prospers, and is treated as the nation's "second city".
    • Menominee: The newly united states develop military and economy.
    • Port of Hielijan: The economy continues to develop through trade and Beothuk immigrate.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1838, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1827, several textile factories and manufacturing foundries open up in Landshut, and they soon employ child labour in order to largen the workforce. Barely anyone complains about this as child labour becomes a large source of income for many impoverished families. In other news, rumors fly concerning the dissolution of the now-defunct RBSC. These rumors become reality in 1828 when the RBSC officially dissolves. Many people go out of work, and a slight economic downturn takes place. However, nothing major occurs and many people find jobs in the industrial sector. Bavaria continues aiding the Borealians. In Europe, many women and religious minorities who previously ample work in the court have now been pushed down the social ladder by King Franz-Rudolph's conservative ascendancy. In other news, several textile companies grow prominent in Munich and Passau. In 1835, the revolt in Vienna is swiftly crushed and Anna von H.W. continues to be imprisoned. She is sentenced to deportation, and through agreements with King Ferdinand of Hamburg, she is sent there. In positive news, the railway industry expands greatly and causes an economic upswing. However, as early as 1836, people begin to be perturbed by the excessively low wages that rail workers are receiving. By year end, many also begin to critically analyze child labor and its prevalence in places like Landshut and Munich. With this, two political parties acutely develop in the Diet. On the right are those supported by the King: Randolphine Conservatives, who publicly support the King's original decision in annexing the two aforementioned states. They also support social conservatism, industrialization, capitalism, and a quieter version of romanticism. On the left there are those who would most likely be supported by late Queen Mary I or her son: Marian Liberals, who support the King's most recent decision in the creation of Commonwealths, as well as social liberalism, regulated industrialization, and anti-corruption. Many liberals also supported Anna von H.W., while their right-wing counterparts certainly do not. Another interesting difference between them is that the Marian Liberals supported public works and heavy investment in infrastructure, while conservatives think that each constituent state should handle their own infrastructure and economy. For instance, the liberals would support the actions of King Albert after the Austrian war of the 1650s, when he spearheaded campaigns to reconstruct the battered state of roads, ports, and farms of Austria. In other news, several newspapers and authores publish works detailing the plight of the lower class and seeming disappearance of the middle class.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1832.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgCommonwealth of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Brandenburg is re-established in 1837, and a Governor is elected promptly thereafter. Having more autonomy than other Bavaro-German realms, the Governor creates many new departments in Brandenburg. Among them is the Department of the Military, which train troops and research modern military technology. Also created is the Department of Commerce and Treasury, which handles issues of domestic economy and foreign trade.
    • Pommernflagpm3Commonwealth of Pomerania (Constituent State of the CUG): Pomerania is re-established in 1837, and a Governor is elected promptly thereafter. Having more autonomy than other Bavaro-German realms, the Governor creates many new departments in Pomerania. Among them is the Department of War, which handles military strategy and financing. Also created are two smaller departments, each being responsible for the Army and the Navy. Also created is a Department of Treasurers. Interestingly enough, a Department of Polish Affairs is created to better assimilate the ethnic Polish minorities into Bavaro-German culture.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • The Caliphate drastically develops military and the economy of the nation. We begin to construct the nation to its previous extent and glory. In addition to this endeavour, we start to garrison more men on our eastern borders, in addition to our border with the Roman Empire. Also, we try to influence the Persian Gulf trade to our control, in opposition to the Persia. We improve Mecca every year, donating a significant part of our treasury to the Holy City. As our steady population increases, so does our economy. A significant number of ships are built for our fleet. As we also begin to modernize our army, we improve the many cities of the Caliphate, specifically in Yemen and Iraq.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. A Pskovian Gunsmith, tired of the smoke from his pistol, inadvertantly invents the percussion cap, and makes a few prototypes. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. After the death of the current Patriarch of Pskov, a Tverian bishop is elected to the post, taking the name Patriarch Alexis I and moves into the Trinity Monestary in Pskov, becoming the new Patriarch of Pskov and all the Russias. The Grand Senate's powers grow more and more, as it asserts itself as the highest power in the union slowly, but surely. After almost a hundred years of growing powers, the de-facto situation in the Union is that it is now effectively a federation. A large summit is set to divide the powers between all nations and the Grand Senate in an official manner, and limit its influence because they fear of the National parliaments will soon have no powers compared to it. AFter a year of negotiations, a new constitution is decided upon which officialy divides powers between the National parliaments and the federal parliaments (issues such as war, agriculture, industry, fishing, infrastructure, medicine, educaiton, etc...). The New nation is re-formed into the Grand Union of Balts, Slavs and Finns (GUBSF).

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