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1820 to 1829 (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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Archive Forty-One:

1810 - 1819

Archive Forty-Two:

1820 - 1829

Archive Forty-Three:

1830 - 1839

This page is an archive for the Principia Moderni III map game, from 1820 to 1829.

1820

The Assyrians consolidate themselves as a state. The Persians do likewise and begin threatening other Persian areas.

The Sikhs also establish their own empire in the Punjab area.

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. New Mecklenburg in OTL Australia expands by 750 px. Despite initial progress in talks with Pskov, he grows irritated with it demanding to try a Prussian Noble for treason, and its continued promotion of its supposed "evidence". Eventually, he sends the Pskovians a notice: "Your armies have invaded a member of the Holy Roman Empire, your armies continue to occupy its territory, your navy has fired upon mine without provocation. Withdraw before the first of the year, or I will evict your forces in accordance to the Imperial mutual defense agreement." A large naval force is placed outside Königsberg, and re-inforcements begin flowing back into Prussia through smaller ports.
    • Prussia Was not a member of the HRE since 1658, and has not since rejoined. Therefore, no agreement to applied. Supreme Prince Alexander announces that if Prussia continues to remobilize the military, then the Union demilitarization of Prussia will reverse. With Approval of the Grand Senate, the Union of Konigsberg announces a guarantee of Prussia's independance, and announce that any further stationing of Hamburgiant troops in Prussia would constitute a foreign invasion. The Prince also urges Hamburg to enact the same policies, and support new elections in Prussia to bring in a new government. The announcement is made that demilitarization will happen with the same fraction as the Hamburgian forces, and if Hamburg does not withdraw their troops, neither will the Union. We Withdrew troops in good faith, and now you increase the numbers of your invasion force. Our Navy will continue a military blockade of Free Prussia until the Hamburgian navy can, in good faith, refrain from entering Prussia waters. This has not happened yet.
      • Prussia accepted an offer to rejoin the Holy Roman Empire in 1801, so yes, the agreement applies.
      • Which was immediately vetoed by Blocky.
      • He never posted a turn, so Prussia remained NPC, and thus, subject to the mods.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia.
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time. 
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics. 
    • Judea: The land is put under temporary military occupation as the Zevi family moves in and aids in the Roman occupation. Jerusalem is declared liberated by the Romans for the second time since its capture by the Muslims, and the Romans are keenly aware of the wars that resulted in its loss before. To that end, economic and military growth are used to restore the land and keep the peace. 
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding. 
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (in Falcon Venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. The government agrees on giving the Californian state or region self ruling recognizing its own right to determine its destiny however remaining a territory of the Borealian Domain. The colony of Emeraldia is given free state status with the official name of Etat-livre du Nouvelle Orleans.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government.
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue expanding their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion. The Kievan Rus' continue expanding their military.
  • Arcadia: The Dominion of Arcadia (the former colonies of Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire) After months od deliberation between the delegates of the National Congress, a new name and government plan has been ratified. The Federal Republic of Arcadia is born. The national government is a bicameral legislator with the People's House as the lower house, based on population and an upper house called the Senate, where each state sends an equal amount of delegates (2). The nation also outlaws the use of native labour and forms the Borelian Native Caucus, a house separate from the main government designed to give equal representation from the natives. Arcadia accepts the Commonwealth's defense alliance. Arcadia also begins to purchase steam engines from the Scandinavians and is attempting to build itself an economy no longer dependent on Europe. National elections will be held for the first time on Jan, 1, 1810. The war of Independence seems to rest firmly in favor of Arcadia, after the Britons stopped sending re-inforcements and the seizure of high value targets along the coast. Arcadia accepts Aragon's offer and wishes many years of peace. The Department of the Army and Navy is officially formed. Arcadia seeks knowledgeable and skilled military minds to help shape the military into a formidable defense force. Many Britannic ships docked in Arcadia's harbors at the start of the war are rebranded and flown Arcadian national colors. One ship, called the FAS Resolution sees many victories on the high seas, so much so its crew have taken to calling it "old ironsides."The nation begins a massive attempt at industrialization to keep up with the European powers and Scandinavia. Arcadia sends a (SECRET) diplomatic missive inquiring on the purchase of part of Scandinavia's colonies in the future to help the young nation grow into a healthy power. To answer the concerns of Borealia and Algonquia, Arcadia creates a separate military unit to be used in the aiding of ensuring free nations in Borealia. Arcadia also begins to pledge money and weaponry to freedom fighters throughout the land. All military units dispatched are to be used in defense of rebelling colonies, as to defend its obligations to the Borealian people as a whole, and in hopes of forcing other European colonies to sell off or abandon old colonies.
  • Algonquia: Continues to industrialize and modernize, with modern chemistry and steam power becoming more widely prevalent. The University of Maskekon helps power this expansion. The navy and merchant marine grow and modernize, accompanied by the military. The people celebrate at the failure of the treacherous attack by the faithless Scandinavians, and flock to join the new nationwide militia, enabling the regular army to grow to 40,000. It begins to rearm with new and more modern muskets, as well as retrain to include better co-operation with artillery. The new economic theorist publishes a full book of his theories, which are quickly dubbed "Novomazdakism" after the ancient Persian movement which advocated similar ideas. Seeking to maintain his anonymity, the writer publishes the book under the pseudonym Mithra, after the Zoroastrian god which dispensed justice. A small movement advocating his theories forms around the University, but remains confined to intellectual circles for now. The government begins to investigate the historical department of the university to find out his identity. Algonquia request to form a defensive league with the Asakiwaki, Kiwigapawa, Mascouten and Potawotomi, numbers 11, 12, 13 and 15 on the map, all of whom are threatened by Scandinavian expansion and will, therefore, benefit from protection. Bribes are offered to their leaders to help ensure a favourable outcome. (Mod Response, Please)
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor.
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The government formally cedes the Faroe Islands to Scandinavia, with an official handover ceremony taking place during the summer. Oldenburger forces stationed on the islands are split between the Shetlands and Neu Borkum (Oldenburger Greenland). At the same time, the Lieutenant-Governor of Neu Borkum takes possession of the entire coastal strip of Greenland between the two settlements of Neu Borkum. In other news, The diplomatic delegation to Arcadiaseeking to establish good relations with our neighbour, assures the government that Oldenburg has no territorial designs on any Arcadian territory. The delegation also hopes that the Arcadians will recognise Oldenburger sovereignty over the Neu Norderney colony which, it should be noted, has considerable self-government, sends a representative to the Landtag in Oldenburg, and is the homeland of the current Duke of Oldenburg. The economy improves. 
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km and the colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 100 sq km.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are not standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. A census this year has determined the population has risen to 4.3 million. The new steam ships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as the Tongrass Forest. As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. In the commonwealth continues to influence the French colonies, in the hopes of annexing parts of them later. Seeing the traditional interest in independence in Hisperia, the commonwealth offers a defensive alliance with Andea. Many people in the Curia believe that Scandinavia should be punished for their treacherous act against Algonquia. These conservatives propose that the Norse should, therefore, forfeit the right to their colonies. The commonwealth hopes that Arcadia's aid will be sufficient to partition the Scandinavian colonies.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. To legitimize its position even further, after the death of Partiarch Tikhon this year, a new one, Patriarch Adrian, at this point being the Bishop of Pskov, is elected the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, and swiftly after his election chooses to relocate the see of Russian Orthodoxy to the cathedral of Christ the Savior in Pskov. During the lengthy siege of Kunene from both the north and the south, the |onteans capitulate, and are forced to sue for peace unconditionally. Depending on the final result, Pskov either takes all or most of the territory. After a lengthy conversation with the Hamburgian monarch, An initial agreement is reached to demilitarize the region, with both nations withdrawing a large portion of their troops by the end of the year. The "Leibnitz Papers", the secret corespondaces between Prussia and Hamburg, are circulated throughout Europe, With more attempts to bring troops into Prussia, the navy is remobilized and a large contingent . Tensions remain high, however, but these first steps to a diplomatic solution make it seem as though the European Continent may not be headed for another war after all. There is still internal division, however, as two "Prussias" begin to form, North Prussia, centered in Konigsberg, and South Prussia, centered in  Insterberg. Talks are scheduled in France for early march next year in Paris, where Supreme Prince Alexander would meet with King Wilhelm.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.*
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.

1821

Native Borealian raids intensify against Californian and Borealian targets as European expansion continues into native land.

The Sikh Empire continues to rise under the leadership of a descendent of the former Timurid Dynasty of the Mughal Empire.

Persian forces begin moving south to liberate the rest of their country. 

Hashemite forces move across the desert and begin targeting settlements in Yemen and the Gulf in order to unite the Arabs under a single caliphate.

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. New Mecklenburg in OTL Australia expands by 750 px. In the Hanoverian Parliament, a declaration of a state of war between Hamburg and Pskov nearly passes, only King Wilhelms belief that Pskov, it and its subjects still recovering from recent African campaigns, will come to its senses and withdraw prevents it. The deadline is extended to January 1, 1822, but will not be extended further. King Wilhelm begins drafting calls to arms to his fellow HRE members for the liberation of Prussia, should Pskov reject. The Hamburgian Navy's Borealian Squadrons are made ready for an attack on Pskov's Zollern Islands. Re-inforcements continue entering Prussia through mostly small, local ports and harbors.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia.
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time. 
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics. 
    • Judea: The land is put under temporary military occupation as the Zevi family moves in and aids in the Roman occupation. Jerusalem is declared liberated by the Romans for the second time since its capture by the Muslims, and the Romans are keenly aware of the wars that resulted in its loss before. To that end, economic and military growth are used to restore the land and keep the peace. 
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding. 
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In Falcon Venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. The government agrees on giving the californian state or region self ruling recognizing its own right to determine its destiny however remaining a territory of the borealian Domain. The colony of Emeraldia is given free state status with the official name of Etat-livre du Nouvelle Orleans.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government.
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km and the colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 100 sq km.
  • In Aragon the nation continues to prosper as a center of the arts and learning. The construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Aragon also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. Stronger cements are produced, whatever that means, leading to the construction of some taller buildings, especially in the major cities such as Zaragoza and Valencia. In Zaragoza, Roque Maria Merlo demonstrates the first steam powered locomotive hauled train. Railways and stuff. We send diplomats, military experts, and other personnel to help the new nation of Borealia. All white (Spanish/Catalan/Basque) men above the age of 20 are given the right to vote in Aragon, as opposed to the previous laws, where only white landowners could vote. Also, the government decides to send aid to the rebels in Arcadia, including military advisors, a number of soldiers, and weapons. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Textile mills, cloth factories, and other places begin to harness steam power to do more thing faster, which creates more jobs that people move to cities to get. Industrialization is gaining speed. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Lombardy.
  • Nordic Union: The economy and military of Scandinavia and Britannia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Urbanization in London leads to rapid industrialization of southern Britannia. This also happens in Copenhagen and Oslo. While Oslo celebrates the explosion of population, Copenhagen starts seeing overcrowding issues. Incentives to resettle in Finnish and Icelandic areas are enacted. Scandinavia and Britannia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Nordic iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. The British colonies, in the meantime, provide bountiful food for the Nordic Union. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Pskov, the Roman Empire, and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian and British courts. The ports in Iceland and London are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach twenty million by 1830. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. In political news, the House of Scandinavia-Britannia continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia wishes to become closer to the Dutch. Centuries ago, the Northern Trading Pact had solidified British, Scandinavian and Dutch relations alike. King Nikolos IV says that he would like to return to this. In the meantime, Scandinavia begins considering selling its colonies to Arcadia in exchange for gold. The Nordic Union would back Arcadia in its dealings. Furthermore, Arcadia is encouraged to break ties with Borealia.
    • Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Scandinavia-Britannia, a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand their navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 5000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Hondeklip: The military of this African colony expands. In the meantime, Hondeklip expands by 1000 sq km.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. Iceland begins to expand its outpost on Greenland by 10,000 sq km this year. The iron mines in Iceland lead to several entrepreneurs flocking to Iceland in the interest of expanding their personal fortunes.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expand.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue expanding their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion. The Kievan Rus' continue expanding their military.
  • Ayutthaya: The Ruler's primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Dutch is used to make stronger and more effective ships. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up-to-date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow at a substancial rate and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is built in rural areas and trade routes are grown. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy. We stop our isolationist policies. 
  • Algonquia: Continues to industrialize and modernize with modern chemistry and steam power becoming more widely prevalent, as do all vassals. The University of Maskekon helps power this expansion. The navy and merchant marine grow and modernize, accompanied by the military. The people celebrate at the failure of the treacherous attack by the faithless Scandinavians, and flock to join the new nationwide militia, enabling the regular army to grow to 40,000. It begins to rearm with new and more modern muskets, as well as retrain to include better co-operation with artillery. A student at the University of Maskekon challenges his professors by writing a pamphlet outlining the benefits of central control of the economy to ensure equality for all. After this enjoys unprecedented success, he quits the University to better develop his theories. Feeling overstretched, Algonquia grants independence to its southwesternmost vassal, although the two maintain a mutual defence pact and trade agreement. Algonquia requests to form a defensive league with the Asakiwaki, Kiwigapawa, Mascouten and Potawotomi, numbers 11, 12, 13 and 15 on the map, all of whom are threatened by Scandinavian expansion and will, therefore, benefit from protection. Bribes are offered to their leaders to help ensure a favourable outcome. (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE)
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor.
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: Industrialisation continues, with more factories being opened by entrepreneurs. The OHG begins plans for a whaling outpost on Svalbard in light of the recent agreement with Scandinavia. In other news, The diplomatic delegation to Arcadiaseeking to establish good relations with our neighbour, assures the government that Oldenburg has no territorial designs on any Arcadian territory. The delegation also hopes that the Arcadians will recognise Oldenburger sovereignty over the Neu Norderney colony which, it should be noted, has considerable self-government, sends a representative to the Landtag in Oldenburg, and is the homeland of the current Duke of Oldenburg.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are not standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. A census this year has determined the population has risen to 4.3 million. The new steam ships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as the Tongrass Forest. As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. In the commonwealth continues to influence the French colonies, in the hopes of annexing parts of them later. To answer the recent aggression of the natives in the plains, the Curia dispatch 500 troops to the border with California, primarily to defend settlements and caravans there. They use this as a means to extend military pressence further into the French territories. Seeing the traditional interest in independence in Hisperia, the commonwealth offers a defensive alliance with Andea. Many people in the Curia believe that Scandinavia should be punished for their treacherous act against Algonquia. These conservatives propose that the Norse should, therefore, forfeit the right to their colonies. The commonwealth hopes that Arcadia's aid will be sufficient to partition the Scandinavian colonies.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue expanding their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion. The Kievan Rus' continue expanding their military.

1822

The Bahmani-Vijaynagara conflict sparks up again, causing the Bahmani to re-establish their Sultanate with the aid of the traditionalist Timurids.

The Kanem Empire resurfaces and begins expansion onto neighbouring states.

Following the Suri loss of power, the Mansurriya attack portions of the empire, causing it to be landlocked once again.

  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km and the colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 100 sq km.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia.
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time. 
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics. 
    • Judea: The land is put under temporary military occupation as the Zevi family moves in and aids in the Roman occupation. Jerusalem is declared liberated by the Romans for the second time since its capture by the Muslims, and the Romans are keenly aware of the wars that resulted in its loss before. To that end, economic and military growth are used to restore the land and keep the peace. 
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding. 
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In Falcon Venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. The government agrees on giving the californian state or region self ruling recognizing its own right to determine its destiny however remaining a territory of the borealian Domain. The colony of Emeraldia is given free state status with the official name of Etat-livre du Nouvelle Orleans.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government.
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy.
  • Nordic Union: The economy and military of Scandinavia and Britannia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Urbanization in London leads to rapid industrialization of southern Britannia. This also happens in Copenhagen and Oslo. While Oslo celebrates the explosion of population, Copenhagen starts seeing overcrowding issues. Incentives to resettle in Finnish and Icelandic areas are enacted. Scandinavia and Britannia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Nordic iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. The British colonies, in the meantime, provide bountiful food for the Nordic Union. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Pskov, the Roman Empire, and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian and British courts. The ports in Iceland and London are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach twenty million by 1830. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. In political news, the House of Scandinavia-Britannia continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia wishes to become closer to the Dutch. Centuries ago, the Northern Trading Pact had solidified British, Scandinavian and Dutch relations alike. King Nikolos IV says that he would like to return to this. In the meantime, Scandinavia begins considering selling its colonies to Arcadia in exchange for gold. The Nordic Union would back Arcadia in its dealings. Furthermore, Arcadia is encouraged to break ties with Borealia.
    • Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Scandinavia-Britannia, a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand their navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 5000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Hondeklip: The military of this African colony expands. In the meantime, Hondeklip expands by 1000 sq km.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. Iceland begins to expand its outpost on Greenland by 10,000 sq km this year. The iron mines in Iceland lead to several entrepreneurs flocking to Iceland in the interest of expanding their personal fortunes.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expand.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor.
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Military turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are  strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1808, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (born 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political liberalism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular. In political news, Queen Mary I continues to serve as the chief executive in all Bavaro-German politics. With Marcel Neierman at her side, and the Minister-Governor Klaude Innsberg also aiding her, the Queen continually works on drafting a sturdy, effective parliament. The details of the Hochstag and Perlachtag are further hammered out, with Mary I bent on making sure such instability seen in the 1750s and 1780s will never be seen again. She goes on campaigns around the country trying to gather support for the new legislature, whilst also demonizing Romanticism and painting it as a violent, barbaric belief, and is an enemy to the common Bavarian. Many commoners and gentry accept the Queen's policies, and those groups form the backbone of her urban support. In the countryside she is less popular, and is still somewhat seen as the long dead King Frederick's puppet. Noticing this, Mary tours around the countryside as well, pledging to bring representation and parliamentary democracy to all those in the countryside. She notes while making speeches in several northern villages that the abolition of the title 'Supreme Chancellor' is still very much on her list. Marcel Neierman, now a popular figure, makes the same points in his own meetings in Swabia and Venezia. In religious and cultural news, the Department of Judaic Affairs continues to grow, mostly composed of spies and officials who act to quash anti-Jew sentiments in various municipal governments, which are prone to caving in to popular riots and the like. The Department earns the hate of the most zealous Catholics and is regarded as a corrupt organizations infringing on the rights of Christians. In royal news, Prince Franz-Hector and Elisabeth von Habsburg give birth to a daughter, whom they named Klara-Franzina. In political news, the country is overjoyed when Queen Mary I announces that the reformed Deutsche Diet will be established next year, in 1796. This new diet will be located in Augsburg and will be held in the old Parliamentary Palace. However, now there will be two houses, not one. The lower house will be named the Perlachtag, and will consists of commoners, burghers, and other un-noble men. Furthermore, members of the Perlachtag will be voted into offices, and the voting population consists of all landowning men who pay a $100 (in reichstalers) one-time fee to be able to vote. The upper house, the Hochtag, will function the same way as the old Deutsche did, where members were only members in virtue of their landed, hereditary title. Mary I also declares that the Hochtag has no veto power whatsoever, and cannot block any legislation sent up to them. The same goes for the Perlachtag when it concerns pieces of legislation sent to them by the Hochtag. The only figure with veto power is the head of the Deutsche Diet, known as the Chancellor, who may be elected by popular vote from any of the two houses, (the title of Supreme Chancellor, commonly held by the King or Queen, will be abolished, meaning that the Crown will have no role is legislation), and the reigning monarch. Furthermore, to put a piece of legislation into law, the said piece will require the signature of both the Chancellor and Monarch. Mary I announces these new plans to an excited reception, and the Monarchy grows ever more popular in 1795. Many begin to push for Marcel Neierman to involve himself in the reformed Diet and eventually run for Chancellor. The year goes on quietly other than that, except for a failed harvest in Munich and fears of a famine. In response to this, Mary I orders that the surplus food stocks of Landshut, Regensburg, Augsburg, and Ulm go to Munich in the Winter. In other news, Queen Mary I reconvenes the newly reformed Deutsche Diet to massive enthusiasm and support. In 1798, the first elections occur and 450 men are elected to the Perlachtag. Already, many are prompting Marcel Neierman to launch a campaign for the Chancellery. Marcel Neierman runs for a seat in the Perlachtag and wins it, becoming a parliamentarian. Queen Mary I is happy to know of the new scientific discoveries of infrared rays in Bavaria. In other news, the Deutsche Diet decides to authorizes the first national election for 1806. Neierman wins the election of 1806 and is sworn in as Chancellor of Bavaria-Germany on January 1, 1807. The country is overjoyed at this news. In other news, Queen Mary I turns 70 this year and many celebrate her long, successful reign. More people begin calling her "Mary the Great" as her reign nears 50 years.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%. The Diet is once more suspended in 1790 following the Augsburg Revolt and subsequent period of instability.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Klaude Innsberg since 1787, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1797. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Tomas Bergman is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1792.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary I initiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state in the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duke George I (born 1758) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. George I's children are: George (born 1773), Anne (born 1775), Eleanor-Rosa (born 1778), and Margaret (born 1781). The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg. 
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I (born 1733) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: Industrialisation continues, with more factories being opened by entrepreneurs. The OHG begins plans for a whaling outpost on Svalbard in light of the recent agreement with Scandinavia. In other news, The diplomatic delegation to Arcadiaseeking to establish good relations with our neighbour, assures the government that Oldenburg has no territorial designs on any Arcadian territory. The delegation also hopes that the Arcadians will recognise Oldenburger sovereignty over the Neu Norderney colony which, it should be noted, has considerable self-government, sends a representative to the Landtag in Oldenburg, and is the homeland of the current Duke of Oldenburg.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are not standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. A census this year has determined the population has risen to 4.3 million. The new steam ships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as the Tongrass Forest. As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. In the commonwealth continues to influence the French colonies, in the hopes of annexing parts of them later. To answer the recent aggression of the natives in the plains, the Curia dispatch 500 troops to the border with California, primarily to defend settlements and caravans there. They use this as a means to extend military pressence further into the French territories. Seeing the traditional interest in independence in Hisperia, the commonwealth offers a defensive alliance with Andea. Many people in the Curia believe that Scandinavia should be punished for their treacherous act against Algonquia. These conservatives propose that the Norse should, therefore, forfeit the right to their colonies. The commonwealth hopes that Arcadia's aid will be sufficient to partition the Scandinavian colonies.
  • Algonquia: Continues to industrialize and modernize with modern chemistry and steam power becoming more widely prevalent, as do all vassals. The University of Maskekon helps power this expansion. The navy and merchant marine grow and modernize, accompanied by the military. The people celebrate at the failure of the treacherous attack by the faithless Scandinavians, and flock to join the new nationwide militia, enabling the regular army to grow to 40,000. It begins to rearm with new and more modern muskets, as well as retrain to include better co-operation with artillery. A student at the University of Maskekon challenges his professors by writing a pamphlet outlining the benefits of central control of the economy to ensure equality for all. After this enjoys unprecedented success, he quits the University to better develop his theories. Feeling overstretched, Algonquia grants independence to its southwesternmost vassal, although the two maintain a mutual defence pact and trade agreement. Algonquia requests to form a defensive league with the Asakiwaki, Kiwigapawa, Mascouten and Potawotomi, numbers 11, 12, 13 and 15 on the map, all of whom are threatened by Scandinavian expansion and will, therefore, benefit from protection. Bribes are offered to their leaders to help ensure a favourable outcome. (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE)
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. To legitimize its position even further, after the death of Partiarch Tikhon this year, a new one, Patriarch Adrian, at this point being the Bishop of Pskov, is elected the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, and swiftly after his election chooses to relocate the see of Russian Orthodoxy to the cathedral of Christ the Savior in Pskov. During the lengthy siege of Kunene from both the north and the south, the |onteans capitulate, and are forced to sue for peace unconditionally. Depending on the final result, Pskov either takes all or most of the territory. After a lengthy conversation with the Hamburgian monarch, An initial agreement is reached to demilitarize the region, with both nations withdrawing a large portion of their troops by the end of the year. The "Leibnitz Papers", the secret corespondaces between Prussia and Hamburg, are circulated throughout Europe, With more attempts to bring troops into Prussia, the navy is remobilized and a large contingent . Tensions remain high, however, but these first steps to a diplomatic solution make it seem as though the European Continent may not be headed for another war after all. There is still internal division, however, as two "Prussias" begin to form, North Prussia, centered in Konigsberg, and South Prussia, centered in  Insterberg. Talks are scheduled in France for early march next year in Paris, where Supreme Prince Alexander would meet with King Wilhelm. With enormous insistance on the Union side, and the cession of new troop re-inforcements in Prussia, the Pskovian troops are nearly gone by the begining of the year, along with almost all Hanoverian troops, with about 25% of the original troops on both sides remaining (mostly on the "border" between "North" and "South" Prussia), with additional demobilization efforts underway as more conferences are attended by diplomats form both nations. Despite this, the Southern Prussian state has not merged with its northern neighbour. However, this does prompt the Union to draft more troops into the army in preparation for possible hostilities officialy from the resurgent Russian State (although possible war with Hannover is possibly another factor in this decision). The Union of Konigsberg continues to push for unified elections in the state of Prussia. A temporary Bundestag for South Prussia is headed in Isrenburg, and it seems some people desire unification. Although we will see the outcomes of this in years future...
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.

1823

The Sikhs emerge triumphant in their battles in India and emerge with a strong state in control of much of the Punjab region. 

The Hashemites defeat Mansuriyyan forces in both the Persian Gulf and Oman, rapidly undoing Mansuriyyan forces and capturing vast swathes of territory. 

Tensions begin to grow in California as a few groups of people begin protesting in local capitals and towns demanding greater representation or independence from France.

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. New Mecklenburg in PYL Australia expands by 750 px. With Pskov refusing to withdraw from Prussia, establishing an illegitimate government, promoting fabricated "evidence", and accusing a Prussian noble of curroption, this year King Wilhelm endorses a declaration of war, which easily passes in the Hanoverian Parliament. The Pskovian navy is forced out of Prussian waters by the combined fleet of the North Sea and Baltic divisions, allowing quicker re-inforcement of the Hamburgian forces in Königsberg. Siege weaponry is brought up for the expected siege of Istenburg. Troops from the entire Hamburgian realm are recruited for the war. Word is sent to the Borealian forces, and an invasion of the Zollern Isles is authorized. Hamburg still insists that Pskov, whose rule was rejected a century ago, should withdraw before much blood is shed. King Wilhelm pens calls to arms to his fellow HRE members, asking them to come aid in the defense of Prussia, and the expulsion of Pskoviam influence, but he writes that he understands if they are unable to enter the war (need a mod response for Palatinate, Mainz and Rhineland).
  • Palatinate agrees to L. Mainz won't join, nor will Rhineland.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km and the colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 100 sq km.
  • Arcadia: The Dominion of Arcadia (the former colonies of Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire) The nation prepares for its next election cycle next year. Vice Admiral Albert Westinghouse announces plans to run for President of the nation in the upcoming elections. The National Congress recognizes Oldenburg's offer of friendship and accepts its sovereign holdings. The Army and Navy see a signifigant bump in funding as technlogical advancements continue. Most of the central coastal area is now experiencing a boom in industrialization. Arcadia announces that, while it cares for the wellbeing of natives, and has volunteer fighting forces ready to support the New Munich declaration, Borealia and Algonquia are reminded that Arcadia's prime objective is the security and survival of the state. We will allow our volunteer groups to fullfill obligations, but unless Arcadia itself is directly threatened, We prefer neutrality, and have plans on dealing with European presence that does not involve war. Arcadia expresses its continued interest in purchasing the nearby Scandinavian colonies for a handsome sum. The nation sees this as an opportunity to peacefully expand as well as ensure the protection of the native populations.
    • Algonquia: Comments that it has heard rumours of Arcadian plans to buy Algonquian territory along with Scanidinavia's colonies, should Scandinavia have won the war. It suspects this is the reason behind Arcadia's refusal to intervene. It urges that Arcadia be expelled from the New Munich pact, since it is unwilling to fulfill its most basic provisions.
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor.
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 20 million, and continues growing. The Buenas Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenas Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France, and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power.  with their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea, totaling about 5000 from Andea proper. In order to better support our ally Osea, we withdraw our alliances with Buenos Aires and Uruguay and declare them illegitimate nations. The capital is relocated to Buenas Noches, which stands at 40,000 people. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. Upper Peru is set to merge with Andea next year through a refredum.
    • Union of Upper Peru: Chimor and Collaquyimbaya, both prosperous under the Inca, have merged into one nation under the new nation Andea. The nation remains in a personal union with Andea, though they also adopt the Buenas Noches Constitution and the Cuzco Codes. Military, economy and navy improve. With a very small Spanish minority, few leave the area. Population stands at six million. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 105,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation and Spaniards leave the nation. In total, 10,000 Andean settlers arrive and 5000 Spaniards leave. Ties with Andea and South Chile deepen, with the Buenas Noches Constitution being adopted in the nation. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 31,000, as Andean settlers come and Spaniards go. In total, 5000 Andea settlers come and 2000 Spanish leave. Ties with Andea deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 36,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 60,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at seven million, mostly Andean settlers who relocated for the cheap land. Ties between Andea and Vorlayacor deepen,as the Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. The Andean Government also projects the idea that the only way to stop assimilation from occurring is for the Mapuche and Andeans to remain united.
  • Algonquia: Continues to industrialize and modernize with modern chemistry and steam power becoming more widely prevalent, as do all vassals. The University of Maskekon helps power this expansion. The navy and merchant marine grow and modernize, accompanied by the military. The people celebrate at the failure of the treacherous attack by the faithless Scandinavians, and flock to join the new nationwide militia, enabling the regular army to grow to 40,000. It begins to rearm with new and more modern muskets, as well as retrain to include better co-operation with artillery. A student at the University of Maskekon challenges his professors by writing a pamphlet outlining the benefits of central control of the economy to ensure equality for all. After this enjoys unprecedented success, he quits the University to better develop his theories. Feeling overstretched, Algonquia grants independence to its southwesternmost vassal, although the two maintain a mutual defence pact and trade agreement. Algonquia requests to form a defensive league with the Asakiwaki, Kiwigapawa, Mascouten and Potawotomi, numbers 11, 12, 13 and 15 on the map, all of whom are threatened by Scandinavian expansion and will, therefore, benefit from protection. Bribes are offered to their leaders to help ensure a favourable outcome. (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE)

Duchy of Oldenburg: The government is excessively pleased with Arcadia's positive response, and begins increasing trade with them. Hamburg is offered military aid to assist the Prussians.

  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia.
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time. 
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics. 
    • Judea: The land is put under temporary military occupation as the Zevi family moves in and aids in the Roman occupation. Jerusalem is declared liberated by the Romans for the second time since its capture by the Muslims, and the Romans are keenly aware of the wars that resulted in its loss before. To that end, economic and military growth are used to restore the land and keep the peace. 
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding. 
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In Falcon Venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. The government agrees on giving the californian state or region self ruling recognizing its own right to determine its destiny however remaining a territory of the borealian Domain. The colony of Emeraldia is given free state status with the official name of Etat-livre du Nouvelle Orleans.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government.
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy.
  • Castile:The king of Castile improves focus on improving the army and modernizing the country.Public schools,libraries and universities open all over Castile.The infrastructure has been improved.Also families are encouraged to have more childs thus projecting inscrease on the population(from 10.200.000 to 10.800.000 in one-two years) of Castile meaning more men to be recruited to the army and more money from taxation.We also recruit 400.000 soldiers.The king of Castile asks Galicia to unite(Mod Response).The king of Castile asks from France and Croatia to sell him Cartagena and Gibraltar-Cadiz area for a handsome sum.
  • Mod Stuff: Galicia declines, and France does not have Gibraltar, but I can ask about the other place on the southeastern coast. -MP
  • I know that France doesn't owns Gibraltar-Cadiz area but i am not sure who does...it would be great help if you could tell me what country owns it. I also gonna need my country's population since this is my first turn in that country and i don't thing the population in the Castile page is updated.
  • I believe Croatia does (it's strange, but trust me, it happened.) As for population, I would wager probably around 8-11 million, maybe around 9. -MP
  • in Castile page population is 10.200.000 so i am gonna go with that.But i find it strange that so late in game Castile has only so few people...and something last cause i want to expand in Galicia since it has no player and i am new to map games and many times i have been told that my casus beli are very unrealistic how do you suggest to attack them?
  • Well, one of the reasons why it has relatively lower population is because it was split into several parts. As for Galicia, you could easily claim nationalism or something like that as a reason, since it did break off from you after Spain suffered an earlier defeat. I would take some time to prepare forces though. -MP
  • The powers that control France agree to sell the city in exchange for an alliance and an assurance of the freedom of Aragon and portugal unless provoked -MP
  • The king of Castile agrees to the terms and asks for a trade agreement.(I am free to attack Navarra and Galicia right?)
  • One question to which country does the orange territory next to croatian colony in Iberia belongs?(I want to know so i could buy it or something...)
  • Nordic Union: The economy and military of Scandinavia and Britannia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Urbanization in London leads to rapid industrialization of southern Britannia. This also happens in Copenhagen and Oslo. While Oslo celebrates the explosion of population, Copenhagen starts seeing overcrowding issues. Incentives to resettle in Finnish and Icelandic areas are enacted. Scandinavia and Britannia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Nordic iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. The British colonies, in the meantime, provide bountiful food for the Nordic Union. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Pskov, the Roman Empire, and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian and British courts. The ports in Iceland and London are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach twenty million by 1830. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. In political news, the House of Scandinavia-Britannia continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia wishes to become closer to the Dutch. Centuries ago, the Northern Trading Pact had solidified British, Scandinavian and Dutch relations alike. King Nikolos IV says that he would like to return to this. In the meantime, Scandinavia begins considering selling its colonies to Arcadia in exchange for gold. The Nordic Union would back Arcadia in its dealings. Furthermore, Arcadia is encouraged to break ties with Borealia.
    • Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Scandinavia-Britannia, a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand their navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 5000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Hondeklip: The military of this African colony expands. In the meantime, Hondeklip expands by 1000 sq km.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. Iceland begins to expand its outpost on Greenland by 10,000 sq km this year. The iron mines in Iceland lead to several entrepreneurs flocking to Iceland in the interest of expanding their personal fortunes.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expand.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. To legitimize its position even further, after the death of Partiarch Tikhon this year, a new one, Patriarch Adrian, at this point being the Bishop of Pskov, is elected the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, and swiftly after his election chooses to relocate the see of Russian Orthodoxy to the cathedral of Christ the Savior in Pskov. During the lengthy siege of Kunene from both the north and the south, the |onteans capitulate, and are forced to sue for peace unconditionally. Depending on the final result, Pskov either takes all or most of the territory. After a lengthy conversation with the Hamburgian monarch, An initial agreement is reached to demilitarize the region, with both nations withdrawing a large portion of their troops by the end of the year. The "Leibnitz Papers", the secret correspondances between Prussia and Hamburg, are circulated throughout Europe. With more attempts to bring troops into Prussia, the navy is remobilized and a large contingent . Tensions remain high, however, but these first steps to a diplomatic solution make it seem as though the European Continent may not be headed for another war after all. After the hanoverian Declaration of war, a general order for mobilization is issued on the entire Union of Konigsberg. A state of war is declared in all member states, and the Grand Senate gives assent to a draft of all men over the age of 18 if need be. Trade with Hanover is cut off, and all Hamburgian merchants in the Union at the time of the declaration of war on the union have their properties seized and confiscated, with the traders themselves taken as prisoners of war. many sailors are given letters of marque, and allowed to become privateers. The Demands are given that the only way for hostilities to cease is for all Hamburgian troops leave Prussia. Letters are sent to all union allies, such as Scandinavia and Rome, to aid in the defensive conflict. Fleets are mobilized, as various naitons marshal their forces, and more troops rush in through Lithuania to protect the unofficial North-South border in Prussia, and troops begin to advance into the "Illetitimate Prussian State". The Leibnitz papers grow in size as more correspondances are found and verified for authenticity during raids of noble houses by Lithuanian troops. The Bundestag in "south" Prussia names Alexander the Consul of the New Prussian Republic. The nations ask, Does Hanover turely expecting such bloodshed and war for a few corrupt nobles?-Lx (leave me a message)Azarath Flag 03:53, April 1, 2015 (UTC)
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.

1824

The French King, known for severely punishing whoremongers and prostitutes, is caught in bed with one of Paris’ finest prostitutes, earning him the nickname ‘Whoremonger’.

Oblomov’s Russia decides to repay the Tartary for their treatment of the Russian peoples, and summons Slavic League to aid. The Rus’ is highly expected to lead the war along Russia, as well as Balaton, while the other members shall send forces to aid.

Hashemite forces take most of Arabia, planning on marching to Baghdad. Persian forces likewise take southern Persia and start reaching into Kurdish territory. Azerbaijan establishes its independence.

A man named Barrack Obama appears in a time machine with Hilary Clinton driving it. They together fuse together and become Barrary Obinton and launch a coup in Martian Bavarian Colony.

Also feel free to write your turns in pink! -Princess Sky

  • Algonquia: Continues to industrialize and modernize with modern chemistry and steam power becoming more widely prevalent, as do all vassals. The University of Maskekon helps power this expansion. The navy and merchant marine grow and modernize, accompanied by the military. The people celebrate at the failure of the treacherous attack by the faithless Scandinavians, and flock to join the new nationwide militia, enabling the regular army to grow to 40,000. It begins to rearm with new and more modern muskets, as well as retrain to include better co-operation with artillery. A student at the University of Maskekon challenges his professors by writing a pamphlet outlining the benefits of central control of the economy to ensure equality for all. After this enjoys unprecedented success, he quits the University to better develop his theories. Feeling overstretched, Algonquia grants independence to its southwesternmost vassal, although the two maintain a mutual defence pact and trade agreement. Algonquia requests to form a defensive league with the Asakiwaki, Kiwigapawa, Mascouten and Potawotomi, numbers 11, 12, 13 and 15 on the map, all of whom are threatened by Scandinavian expansion and will, therefore, benefit from protection. Bribes are offered to their leaders to help ensure a favourable outcome.(MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE)
  • 11 agrees, 12 disagrees, 13 agrees after bribe and 15 disagrees (had to change due to reasons)
  • Arcadia: The Dominion of Arcadia (the former colonies of Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire) The nation prepares for its next election cycle next year. Vice Admiral Albert Westinghouse announces plans to run for President of the nation in the upcoming elections. The National Congress recognizes Oldenburg's offer of friendship and accepts its sovereign holdings. The Army and Navy see a significant bump in funding as technological advancements continue. Most of the central coastal area is now experiencing a boom in industrialization. Arcadia announces that, while it cares for the well-being of natives, and has volunteer fighting forces ready to support the New Munich declaration, Borealia and Algonquia are reminded that Arcadia's prime objective is the security and survival of the state. We will allow our volunteer groups to fulfill obligations, but unless Arcadia itself is directly threatened, We prefer neutrality, and have plans on dealing with European presence that does not involve war. Arcadia expresses its continued interest in purchasing the nearby Scandinavian colonies for a handsome sum. The nation sees this as an opportunity to peacefully expand as well as ensure the protection of the native populations. Arcadia grows tired of false accusations from Algonquin. There were no plans to seize sovereign territory from a fellow independent state. Arcadia believes it to be classic misdirection, it is natural for a state of mostly native peoples to distrust a nation that broke away from the surly bonds of Europe. Foreign Secretary Maxwell Himmler drafts a letter to Borealia requesting that they ignore the libel coming from Algonquin and warns that if such action continue, Arcadia will sever diplomatic ties with the offending party. Arcadia reaches out to colonies not yet free from Europe and in secret begins to stir up revolutionary sentiment. At the university of New Oxford, William Sturgrubbus invents the electromagnet on accident while attempting an April Fool's prank on the staff. Vice Admiral lost the presidental election to a new comer, Bill Clinton and his runner up Joseph Göbbels in a landslide victory. To comemorate the victory, Clinton orders a large oblesk like monument to be built in New Oxford called the Clinton Memorial. Locals snigger and call it a monument to his prick, after the well known fact he sleeps around.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km and the colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 100 sq km.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Economy/Military turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are  strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
    • Castile: We ask the Croatian Archvoivodeship to sell us their colony on Iberia for a handsome sum.
    • Croatia disagrees for now due to the usefulness of the colony, however agrees to give the Castilians a deal that would allow them to use the ports nearly freely.
    • Castile: The Castilian king asks for a Condominium in that area so that the Croatian Government will be able to use the colony for trade and other purposes and we will be able to appease our nationalists and the spanish population living in that area.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1808, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (born 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political liberalism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular. In political news, Queen Mary I continues to serve as the chief executive in all Bavaro-German politics. With Marcel Neierman at her side, and the Minister-Governor Klaude Innsberg also aiding her, the Queen continually works on drafting a sturdy, effective parliament. The details of the Hochstag and Perlachtag are further hammered out, with Mary I bent on making sure such instability seen in the 1750s and 1780s will never be seen again. She goes on campaigns around the country trying to gather support for the new legislature, whilst also demonizing Romanticism and painting it as a violent, barbaric belief, and is an enemy to the common Bavarian. Many commoners and gentry accept the Queen's policies, and those groups form the backbone of her urban support. In the countryside she is less popular, and is still somewhat seen as the long dead King Frederick's puppet. Noticing this, Mary tours around the countryside as well, pledging to bring representation and parliamentary democracy to all those in the countryside. She notes while making speeches in several northern villages that the abolition of the title 'Supreme Chancellor' is still very much on her list. Marcel Neierman, now a popular figure, makes the same points in his own meetings in Swabia and Venezia. In religious and cultural news, the Department of Judaic Affairs continues to grow, mostly composed of spies and officials who act to quash anti-Jew sentiments in various municipal governments, which are prone to caving in to popular riots and the like. The Department earns the hate of the most zealous Catholics and is regarded as a corrupt organizations infringing on the rights of Christians. In royal news, Prince Franz-Hector and Elisabeth von Habsburg give birth to a daughter, whom they named Klara-Franzina. In political news, the country is overjoyed when Queen Mary I announces that the reformed Deutsche Diet will be established next year, in 1796. This new diet will be located in Augsburg and will be held in the old Parliamentary Palace. However, now there will be two houses, not one. The lower house will be named the Perlachtag, and will consists of commoners, burghers, and other un-noble men. Furthermore, members of the Perlachtag will be voted into offices, and the voting population consists of all landowning men who pay a $100 (in reichstalers) one-time fee to be able to vote. The upper house, the Hochtag, will function the same way as the old Deutsche did, where members were only members in virtue of their landed, hereditary title. Mary I also declares that the Hochtag has no veto power whatsoever, and cannot block any legislation sent up to them. The same goes for the Perlachtag when it concerns pieces of legislation sent to them by the Hochtag. The only figure with veto power is the head of the Deutsche Diet, known as the Chancellor, who may be elected by popular vote from any of the two houses, (the title of Supreme Chancellor, commonly held by the King or Queen, will be abolished, meaning that the Crown will have no role is legislation), and the reigning monarch. Furthermore, to put a piece of legislation into law, the said piece will require the signature of both the Chancellor and Monarch. Mary I announces these new plans to an excited reception, and the Monarchy grows ever more popular in 1795. Many begin to push for Marcel Neierman to involve himself in the reformed Diet and eventually run for Chancellor. The year goes on quietly other than that, except for a failed harvest in Munich and fears of a famine. In response to this, Mary I orders that the surplus food stocks of Landshut, Regensburg, Augsburg, and Ulm go to Munich in the Winter. In other news, Queen Mary I reconvenes the newly reformed Deutsche Diet to massive enthusiasm and support. In 1798, the first elections occur and 450 men are elected to the Perlachtag. Already, many are prompting Marcel Neierman to launch a campaign for the Chancellery. Marcel Neierman runs for a seat in the Perlachtag and wins it, becoming a parliamentarian. Queen Mary I is happy to know of the new scientific discoveries of infrared rays in Bavaria. In other news, the Deutsche Diet decides to authorizes the first national election for 1806. Neierman wins the election of 1806 and is sworn in as Chancellor of Bavaria-Germany on January 1, 1807. The country is overjoyed at this news. In other news, Queen Mary I turns 70 this year and many celebrate her long, successful reign. More people begin calling her "Mary the Great" as her reign nears 50 years.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%. The Diet is once more suspended in 1790 following the Augsburg Revolt and subsequent period of instability.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Klaude Innsberg since 1787, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1797. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Tomas Bergman is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1792.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary I initiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state in the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duke George I (born 1758) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. George I's children are: George (born 1773), Anne (born 1775), Eleanor-Rosa (born 1778), and Margaret (born 1781). The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg. 
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I (born 1733) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor. Tartary would like to call Scandinavia to help defend against Russia. If Tartary receives support in the defensive war against Muscovy, we promise that country Muscovite land
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia.
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time. 
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics. 
    • Judea: The land is put under temporary military occupation as the Zevi family moves in and aids in the Roman occupation. Jerusalem is declared liberated by the Romans for the second time since its capture by the Muslims, and the Romans are keenly aware of the wars that resulted in its loss before. To that end, economic and military growth are used to restore the land and keep the peace. 
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding. 
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In Falcon Venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. The government agrees on giving the californian state or region self ruling recognizing its own right to determine its destiny however remaining a territory of the borealian Domain. The colony of Emeraldia is given free state status with the official name of Etat-livre du Nouvelle Orleans.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government.
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are not standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. The new steam ships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as the Tongrass Forest. As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. In the commonwealth continues to influence the French colonies, in the hopes of annexing parts of them later. The rebel government in California is offered membership within the New Munich pact (Mod response). Seeing the traditional interest in independence in Hisperia, the commonwealth offers a defensive alliance with Andea. Borealia neither confirms nor denies the accusations laid against Arcadia, but nonetheless reprimands Algonquia for their threatening statements. The Borealian Revolution will not end with foolish infighting. A speech given by President Moreno clarifies that although the New Munich Declaration does not entitle any member to protection in general, it nevertheless should guarantee mutual protection from European aggression. Arcadia did provide modest aid during the Nehilaw-Scandinavian war, but not much because they are still recovering from their revolution. In the future, more substantial aid will be required from all members of the pact.
    • Mod Response, California is currently not in rebellion, just mass protest. Rebel leaders do not currently see themselves as seeking independence. 
    • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. A Pskovian Gunsmith, tired of the smoke from his pistol, inadvertantly invents the percussion cap, and makes a few prototypes. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. To legitimize its position even further, after the death of Partiarch Tikhon this year, a new one, Patriarch Adrian, at this point being the Bishop of Pskov, is elected the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, and swiftly after his election chooses to relocate the see of Russian Orthodoxy to the cathedral of Christ the Savior in Pskov. During the lengthy siege of Kunene from both the north and the south, the |onteans capitulate, and are forced to sue for peace unconditionally. Depending on the final result, Pskov either takes all or most of the territory. After a lengthy conversation with the Hamburgian monarch, An initial agreement is reached to demilitarize the region, with both nations withdrawing a large portion of their troops by the end of the year. The "Leibnitz Papers", the secret corespondaces between Prussia and Hamburg, are circulated throughout Europe, With more attempts to bring troops into Prussia, the navy is remobilized and a large contingent . Tensions remain high, however, but these first steps to a diplomatic solution make it seem as though the European Continent may not be headed for another war after all. After the Hanoverian Declaration of war, a general order for mobilization is issued on the entire Union of Konigsberg. A state of war is declared in all member states, and the Grand Senate gives assent to a draft of all men over the age of 18 if need be. Trade with Hanover is cut off, and all Hamburgian merchants in the Union at the time of the declaration of war on the union have their properties seized and confiscated, with the traders themselves taken as prisoners of war. many sailors are given letters of marque, and allowed to become privateers. The Demands are given that the only way for hostilities to cease is for all Hamburgian troops leave Prussia. Letters are sent to all union allies, such as Scandinavia and Rome, to aid in the defensive conflict.Union Fleets engage the Hamburgian Fleets with gusto, and many naval battles go either way(but the fact that some battles are won by the union is ultimately a success, as it inhibits the movement of troops into Prussia, a distinct advantage of the Union forces, who have extremely well built road networks to travel on). After about a year of drafting and training, about 300 000 troops are ready to mobilize, and more will be trained if needed(with another 80 000 available next year if necessary). The fighting this year is mostly standstills, with not very much movement, although Union forces are doing small retreats to fortifications along the border, and more re-inforcements go to Insterburg. Forces mobilize, and hopefully they will be enough to secure some sort of victory.(for those who cant read between lines this means full mobilization, or close to it)
      • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.
      • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
      • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
      • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.
  • '
    Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.svg
    '
    Castile: Military, navy and economy are built up.The king oversees the construction of a Huge arena with textile as roof which also acts as theatre in Toledo and other arenas with textile as roof are starting to be building all over the country but not as big as in Toledo in an effort to make the people more happy.Our succesfull annexation of Cartagena coupled with population increase due to previous encouragment of the families in Castile to make more childs has inscreased our population from 10.200.000 to 10.800.000. We declare war to Galicia to restore the spanish empire.We send all our troops at our border, we fully mobilize for war with Galicia and invade Galicia, too. We ask Westphalia(Mod Response) to sell as their colony on Iberia for a handsome sum.

1825

Tensions continue to rise in California after a few protesters are shot by local militia in an effort to restore order.

Reman forces defeat and annex the two small native states in OTL Alabama/Mississippi.

The Hashemites solidify their control over Arab Muslim areas in Arabia and Iraq, firmly establishing their caliphate centered on the Hejaz.

Persian forces likewise create a new shahdom centered around Isfahan and extending from Balochstan to Kurdistan. The new Persian shahdom is ruled by the Zand Dynasty.

Shun forces, now in control of all of China save Manchu and Wu areas, launch an attack on the forces of the Wu, quickly breaking their most powerful army and marching towards their capital. (This is dependent on Bandon not returning, if he does, event is rendered moot.)

Mexacan protesters gather in Tenochtitlan demanding some greater autonomy from Britannia and the legal use of the native Nahuatl languages.

After the death of the former dictator, the people of Uruguay vote to join Osea in a popular referendum. While the vote was possibly rigged, many do not complain and accept the outcome, joining the Republic of Osea.

  • Algonquia: After being embarrassingly reprimanded on the international stage by Borealia and Arcadia, the High Sachem loses all authority in the eyes of his people. His government collapses in January, and a coalition of more hard-line forces takes control of the Council of Sachems. Led by a demagogue known as Pakisimotan, these forces (which, interestingly, include numerous supports of economic central planning), declare that "the days when Algonquia could watch passively as the peoples of Borealia fought against European oppression have ended. It is time that we took action." Algonquia and all its vassals begin a massive military buildup, focusing on amphibious capability. He also warns that the New Munich Pact cannot become a vehicle for the descendants of colonizers to oppress Borealia's original inhabitants, or there will be consequences. Algonquia also continues to industrialize and modernize with modern chemistry and steam power becoming more widely prevalent, as do all vassals. The University of Maskekon helps power this expansion. The navy and merchant marine grow and modernize, accompanied by the military. The people celebrate at the failure of the treacherous attack by the faithless Scandinavians, and flock to join the new nationwide militia, enabling the regular army to grow to 40,000. It begins to rearm with new and more modern muskets, as well as retrain to include better co-operation with artillery. Algonquia begins aggressively funding and supporting rebels, especially among the heavily Huron and Iroquois-inhabited areas around Lake Erie. Hundreds of Algonquian troops, or Iroquois origin, cross the border secretly to incite rebellion. Algonquia offers to expand the league formed last year to include states #16, 18 and 19. MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE
    • Algonquia: Also requests to normalize relations with Arcadia and offers to affirm relations with an alliance additional to the New Munich Pact, its fears over Arcadia's intentions having been assuaged.
    • Pretty sure a mod responded to this already, if not, contact me. -MP
    • Sorry if it's unclear, but this is a different request to native nations that weren't mentioned last time.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km and the colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 100 sq km.
  • Nordic Union: The economy and military of Scandinavia and Britannia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Urbanization in London leads to rapid industrialization of southern Britannia. This also happens in Copenhagen and Oslo. While Oslo celebrates the explosion of population, Copenhagen starts seeing overcrowding issues. Incentives to resettle in Finnish and Icelandic areas are enacted. Scandinavia and Britannia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Nordic iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. The British colonies, in the meantime, provide bountiful food for the Nordic Union. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Pskov, the Roman Empire, and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian and British courts. The ports in Iceland and London are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach twenty million by 1830. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. In political news, the House of Scandinavia-Britannia continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia wishes to become closer to the Dutch. Centuries ago, the Northern Trading Pact had solidified British, Scandinavian and Dutch relations alike. King Nikolos IV says that he would like to return to this. In the meantime, Scandinavia begins considering selling its colonies to Arcadia in exchange for gold. The Nordic Union would back Arcadia in its dealings. Furthermore, Arcadia is encouraged to break ties with Borealia.
    • Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Scandinavia-Britannia, a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand their navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 5000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Hondeklip: The military of this African colony expands. In the meantime, Hondeklip expands by 1000 sq km.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. Iceland begins to expand its outpost on Greenland by 10,000 sq km this year. The iron mines in Iceland lead to several entrepreneurs flocking to Iceland in the interest of expanding their personal fortunes.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expand.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League. (I assume this is allowed, if another mod has issue with this, let me know).
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time. 
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics. 
    • Judea: The land is put under temporary military occupation as the Zevi family moves in and aids in the Roman occupation. Jerusalem is declared liberated by the Romans for the second time since its capture by the Muslims, and the Romans are keenly aware of the wars that resulted in its loss before. To that end, economic and military growth are used to restore the land and keep the peace. 
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding. 
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In Falcon Venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. The government agrees on giving the californian state or region self ruling recognizing its own right to determine its destiny however remaining a territory of the borealian Domain. The colony of Emeraldia is given free state status with the official name of Etat-livre du Nouvelle Orleans.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government.
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy.
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor. Tartary would like to call Scandinavia to help defend against Russia. If Tartary receives support in the defensive war against Muscovy, we promise that country Muscovite land
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Military/Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are  strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1808, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (born 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political liberalism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular. In political news, Queen Mary I continues to serve as the chief executive in all Bavaro-German politics. With Marcel Neierman at her side, and the Minister-Governor Klaude Innsberg also aiding her, the Queen continually works on drafting a sturdy, effective parliament. The details of the Hochstag and Perlachtag are further hammered out, with Mary I bent on making sure such instability seen in the 1750s and 1780s will never be seen again. She goes on campaigns around the country trying to gather support for the new legislature, whilst also demonizing Romanticism and painting it as a violent, barbaric belief, and is an enemy to the common Bavarian. Many commoners and gentry accept the Queen's policies, and those groups form the backbone of her urban support. In the countryside she is less popular, and is still somewhat seen as the long dead King Frederick's puppet. Noticing this, Mary tours around the countryside as well, pledging to bring representation and parliamentary democracy to all those in the countryside. She notes while making speeches in several northern villages that the abolition of the title 'Supreme Chancellor' is still very much on her list. Marcel Neierman, now a popular figure, makes the same points in his own meetings in Swabia and Venezia. In religious and cultural news, the Department of Judaic Affairs continues to grow, mostly composed of spies and officials who act to quash anti-Jew sentiments in various municipal governments, which are prone to caving in to popular riots and the like. The Department earns the hate of the most zealous Catholics and is regarded as a corrupt organizations infringing on the rights of Christians. In royal news, Prince Franz-Hector and Elisabeth von Habsburg give birth to a daughter, whom they named Klara-Franzina. In political news, the country is overjoyed when Queen Mary I announces that the reformed Deutsche Diet will be established next year, in 1796. This new diet will be located in Augsburg and will be held in the old Parliamentary Palace. However, now there will be two houses, not one. The lower house will be named the Perlachtag, and will consists of commoners, burghers, and other un-noble men. Furthermore, members of the Perlachtag will be voted into offices, and the voting population consists of all landowning men who pay a $100 (in reichstalers) one-time fee to be able to vote. The upper house, the Hochtag, will function the same way as the old Deutsche did, where members were only members in virtue of their landed, hereditary title. Mary I also declares that the Hochtag has no veto power whatsoever, and cannot block any legislation sent up to them. The same goes for the Perlachtag when it concerns pieces of legislation sent to them by the Hochtag. The only figure with veto power is the head of the Deutsche Diet, known as the Chancellor, who may be elected by popular vote from any of the two houses, (the title of Supreme Chancellor, commonly held by the King or Queen, will be abolished, meaning that the Crown will have no role is legislation), and the reigning monarch. Furthermore, to put a piece of legislation into law, the said piece will require the signature of both the Chancellor and Monarch. Mary I announces these new plans to an excited reception, and the Monarchy grows ever more popular in 1795. Many begin to push for Marcel Neierman to involve himself in the reformed Diet and eventually run for Chancellor. The year goes on quietly other than that, except for a failed harvest in Munich and fears of a famine. In response to this, Mary I orders that the surplus food stocks of Landshut, Regensburg, Augsburg, and Ulm go to Munich in the Winter. In other news, Queen Mary I reconvenes the newly reformed Deutsche Diet to massive enthusiasm and support. In 1798, the first elections occur and 450 men are elected to the Perlachtag. Already, many are prompting Marcel Neierman to launch a campaign for the Chancellery. Marcel Neierman runs for a seat in the Perlachtag and wins it, becoming a parliamentarian. Queen Mary I is happy to know of the new scientific discoveries of infrared rays in Bavaria. In other news, the Deutsche Diet decides to authorizes the first national election for 1806. Neierman wins the election of 1806 and is sworn in as Chancellor of Bavaria-Germany on January 1, 1807. The country is overjoyed at this news. In other news, Queen Mary I turns 70 this year and many celebrate her long, successful reign. More people begin calling her "Mary the Great" as her reign nears 50 years.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%. The Diet is once more suspended in 1790 following the Augsburg Revolt and subsequent period of instability.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Klaude Innsberg since 1787, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1797. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Tomas Bergman is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1792.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary I initiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state in the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duke George I (born 1758) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. George I's children are: George (born 1773), Anne (born 1775), Eleanor-Rosa (born 1778), and Margaret (born 1781). The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg. 
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I (born 1733) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.

Castile:The arenas with textile as roofs have been build making the people happy with their king.We also begin improving,repairing and building roads,public squares and generally infustracture.We also begin an effort to colonize the south-western coasts of australia and we expand by by 10,000 sq km this year along the coasts and if any country is opposed to that we can always negotiate.We ask hamburg to sell as their colony on Iberia for a handsome sum and we wait for the results of our battles with Galicia.

Westphalia is now in union with Hamburg, you need to ask IATG, who plays as Hamburg. -MP


  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. A Pskovian Gunsmith, tired of the smoke from his pistol, inadvertantly invents the percussion cap, and makes a few prototypes. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. To legitimize its position even further, after the death of Partiarch Tikhon this year, a new one, Patriarch Adrian, at this point being the Bishop of Pskov, is elected the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, and swiftly after his election chooses to relocate the see of Russian Orthodoxy to the cathedral of Christ the Savior in Pskov.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are not standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Some scientist begin to experiment with electronically-carried sound. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. The new steam ships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as Mount Moreno (OTL Mount McKinley). As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. In the commonwealth continues to influence the French colonies, in the hopes of annexing parts of them later. Economic and military aid is given to the rebels in California. Seeing the traditional interest in independence in Hisperia, the commonwealth offers a defensive alliance with Andea.

1826

The Shun Dynasty achieves a great victory over the Wu and their allied states, seizing their capital and instituting powerful reforms across all land that they control. They mobilize their forces north, claiming that they have regained the Mandate of Heaven and hoping that their momentum will drive the Manchu from their lands.

A few nobles in Lombardy begin to write letters to the monarchy, suggesting that further centralization in the hands of the nobility is needed to protect the state from potential aggression by the French, Romans, or Germans.

Protests in California break out in huge numbers this year in response to the shooting that took place last year. Thousands take to the streets demanding liberty and equality that the French and some of the other French colonies already have. Some take it a step further, storming a colonial arsenal and making off with the weapons and ammunition within.

A few more protests break out in Mexaca demanding greater authority and self-representation and governance.

After decades of stagnation, the Muslims of Australia rise up and re-assert themselves in the region. Facing competition from colonial powers as well as native tribes, they begin a systematic campaign to expand and convert all the tribes that they come across.

With Russia’s recent victory, Ilya Ilyich Oblomov does the unexpected. He brings all Russian territory under his direct control, and crowns himself Czar of Russia. An act that had never been seen before, marks the beginning of a new point in Eastern European history.

  • Arcadia: The Dominion of Arcadia (the former colonies of Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire)  The Army and Navy see a significant bump in funding as technological advancements continue. Most of the central coastal area is now experiencing a boom in industrialization. Arcadia announces that, while it cares for the well-being of natives, and has volunteer fighting forces ready to support the New Munich declaration, Borealia and Algonquia are reminded that Arcadia's prime objective is the security and survival of the state. We will allow our volunteer groups to fulfill obligations, but unless Arcadia itself is directly threatened, We prefer neutrality, and have plans on dealing with European presence that does not involve war. Arcadia expresses its continued interest in purchasing the nearby Scandinavian colonies for a handsome sum. The nation sees this as an opportunity to peacefully expand as well as ensure the protection of the native populations. Arcadia agrees to normalize relations with Algonquia and offers mutual military exercises. Arcadia begins building more and more factories, intent on building up a huge, independent economy. Arcadia offers exclusive trade deals to free states in Borealia, mainly textiles, munitions and iron. Charles Mik'am'mi, a L'nu statesman and inventor, develops a version of something called a typewriter useing small pins with the reverse letters, he invents the QWERTY keyboard to make typing more natural. He is invited by President Westinghouse to the Presidental Manor to showcase his new invention, as the President himself has always been a tinkerer at heart. Impressed, he decides to fund Mik'am'mi's invention and orders one to be placed in Federal offices. Flush with capital, Mik'am'mi decides to found Borealian Type Corporation and begins manufacturing and selling in Arcadia. Edmund Kerring, a Scandinavia/Ln'u native and a member of the Office of War proposes centralizing the national finances, championing a national bank for more centralized control of finances and better able to fund the various appartus' of the government. He faces opposition from others who fear a more centralized government could lead to the oppression back under Brittannic rule. The War Office begins to experiment with the telegraph to have better communication. The Navy begins modifying its ships with steam engines, finally defeating the age old enemy of sail, the wind.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 100 sq km and the colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Arabian Sultanate: We are killing it over here in Arabia. #swank ~~~~
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to economicor military. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St Patriksburg is expanded, with a large kremlin and port being constructed.
  • Lombardy: We continue rebuilding the nation after the recent war with Spain.The military is reformed from the foundation of units formed during the war, and trained to adequately defend the nation. This turn is officially dedicated to economy or military. We continue influencing Westphalia. Our alliance is renewed, and begin interests in reuniting our union.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France. We continue influencing Westphalia, our ally to the east. We declare war on Pskov to aid our ally Hamburg.
  • Algonquia's new government launches huge-scale modernization efforts, focusing on the military, economy and infrastructure. Focus on modernizing the navy and creating an effective ferry service to link the nation together result in the launch of the first Algonquian steamship this year, with several more on the stocks. The military expands to 50,000, and continues to rearm with modern weaponry. The government also focuses on increasing the nation's capacity to produce muskets, artillery and other such weapons. A rudimentary telegraph line is laid between Aksimiki and Mackinac in the south. All vassals also modernize, although more slowly. Algonquian merchants begin to look for trade opportunities in more far-flung markets, like Hesperia and the Imperial Sea.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1826, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1826, King Franz-Hector I dies of lung cancer, and his son Franz-Rudolph succeeds him. Immediately upon ascencion, Franz-Rudolph makes it his goal to further the industrialization and modernization of Bavaro-Germany while maintaining conservative social mores. He criticizes Anna von Habsburg-Wittelsbach for running in the Austrian governor elections, and mentions that Bavaria is slipping too far into the recesses of liberal, "ungodly" ways, claiming the process to have started upon the reign of Mary I. Within 1826, Franz-Rudolph grants royal patents to many manufacturing companies and industrial/capitalist coroporations. He gives several of these companies large tracts of land in Regensburg, Landshut, and Munich in order to build factories and such. Not much else happens this year. The process of incorporating Pomerania and Brandenburg begins this year (Turn 1 out of 5) when Franz-Rudolph decides that both countries should be under Bavaro-German sovereignty if a united Germany is ever to be dreamed of.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%. The Diet is once more suspended in 1790 following the Augsburg Revolt and subsequent period of instability.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1827. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1827, and pits former Governor Markus von Bruschberg with noblewoman Anna von Habsburg-Wittelsbach, daughter of first Austrian Governor Klaude Innsberg, and wife of rich noble Xavier von Habsburg-Wittelsbach. Many automatically call for Anna von H.W. to be disqualified due to her being a woman, while her supporters claim that there is no clause or rule barring those of the female gender from running to be governor. Despite her support, only about 35% of all voters in Austria support Anna H.W., while about 60% support Bruschberg, and the rest are undecided. It is important to note that many also want Bruschberg to be disqualified due to him already beging governor from 1810 to 1815.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. George I's children are: George (born 1773), Anne (born 1775), Eleanor-Rosa (born 1778), and Margaret (born 1781). The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg. 
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 26 million, and continues growing. The Buenas Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenas Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France, and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power.  with their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea, totaling about 5000 from Andea proper. In order to better support our ally Osea, we withdraw our alliances with Buenos Aires and Uruguay and declare them illegitimate nations. The capital is relocated to Buenas Noches, which stands at 40,000 people. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. Upper Peru joins Andea proper.
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 105,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation and Spaniards leave the nation. In total, 10,000 Andean settlers arrive and 5000 Spaniards leave. Ties with Andea and South Chile deepen, with the Buenas Noches Constitution being adopted in the nation. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 31,000, as Andean settlers come and Spaniards go. In total, 5000 Andea settlers come and 2000 Spanish leave. Ties with Andea deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 36,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 60,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at eight million, mostly Andean settlers who relocated for the cheap land. Ties between Andea and Vorlayacor deepen,as the Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. The Andean Government also projects the idea that the only way to stop assimilation from occurring is for the Mapuche and Andeans to remain united.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Military/Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are  strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues. Carantania is created as a Germano-Slavic vassal, set to be set free in a few decades of preparation.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The OHG sets up a small whaling station on Svalbard to take advantage of the rich Northern waters. It is called Konraddorf after the current Duke. In other news, the military expands, especially in Neu Norderney and Thabascho. Convicts continue to be sent to Thabascho. 
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Some scientist begin to experiment with electronically-carried sound. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt, along with typewriters imported from Arcadia. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. The new steam ships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as Mount Moreno (OTL Mount McKinley). As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. In the commonwealth continues to influence the French colonies, in the hopes of annexing parts of them later. Economic and military aid is given to the rebels in California. Seeing the traditional interest in independence in Hisperia, the commonwealth offers a defensive alliance with Andea
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League. (I assume this is allowed, if another mod has issue with this, let me know).
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time. 
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics. 
    • Judea: The land is put under temporary military occupation as the Zevi family moves in and aids in the Roman occupation. Jerusalem is declared liberated by the Romans for the second time since its capture by the Muslims, and the Romans are keenly aware of the wars that resulted in its loss before. To that end, economic and military growth are used to restore the land and keep the peace. 
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding. 
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In Falcon Venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. The government agrees on giving the californian state or region self ruling recognizing its own right to determine its destiny however remaining a territory of the borealian Domain. The colony of Emeraldia is given free state status with the official name of Etat-livre du Nouvelle Orleans.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government.
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. A Pskovian Gunsmith, tired of the smoke from his pistol, inadvertantly invents the percussion cap, and makes a few prototypes. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. After the death of the current Patriarch of Pskov, a Tverian bishop is elected to the post, taking the name Patriarch Alexis I and moves into the Trinity Monestary in Pskov, becoming the new Patriarch of Pskov and all the Russias.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.

1827

With their continued momentum, Shun forces blitz Manchu settlements and win a great victory over them early in the war. While the war is not yet over, the Shun have a large advantage from such an early victory, and so far the northern Chinese see the Shun as liberators.

Some Korean colonists in the OTL Pacific are killed by native tribes, deterring colonization this year.

Delhi and Bengal fight a war this year to determine who shall be the leader of Indian Muslims. The war is inconclusive and short.

Somali tribes begin confederating in the Ogaden Highlands to protect themselves from possible Ethiopian or colonial aggression.

The situation in California continues to grow worse, with more and more protests. French attempts to stamp out unrest is only marginally effective, and the unrest grows. Some colonial leaders start to believe that something drastic must be done in order to resolve the situation.

Following Croatia’s retaking of the leadership status in the Slavic League, and disputes with the Kievan Rus’, Russia begins to have tense relations with League members.

The fingerbox becomes a popular toy in Scandinavia. The craze soon sweeps Britannia and Bavaria. Playing with fingerboxes is in! Playing with a pile of sticks is out. Parents become concerned, citing that fingerboxes could drive children to violence.

You never really can enter a new era without a new moral crusade.-Lx
  • Kingdom of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. New Mecklenburg in OTL Australia expands by 750 px. The war with Pskov reaches a stalemate. As it currently stands, the Pskovian forces have been expelled from Prussia, and minor gains in Memel have been made. Diplomats are sent to Pskov City, calling representatives to Königsberg to discuss peace terms.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colonies of Haejagang (해자강) and Baeglyeongyo (백련교) are on high alert after the recent attack from the natives, and begin to heavily patrol the Korean settlements against native attacks.
  • Arcadia: The Dominion of Arcadia (the former colonies of Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire)  The Army and Navy see a significant bump in funding as technological advancements continue. Most of the central coastal area is now experiencing a boom in industrialization. Arcadia announces that, while it cares for the well-being of natives, and has volunteer fighting forces ready to support the New Munich declaration, Borealia and Algonquia are reminded that Arcadia's prime objective is the security and survival of the state. We will allow our volunteer groups to fulfill obligations, but unless Arcadia itself is directly threatened, We prefer neutrality, and have plans on dealing with European presence that does not involve war. Arcadia expresses its continued interest in purchasing the nearby Scandinavian colonies for a handsome sum. The nation sees this as an opportunity to peacefully expand as well as ensure the protection of the native populations. Arcadia agrees to normalize relations with Algonquia and offers mutual military exercises. Arcadia begins building more and more factories, intent on building up a huge, independent economy. Arcadia offers exclusive trade deals to free states in Borealia, mainly textiles, munitions and iron. Charles Mik'am'mi, a L'nu statesman and inventor, develops a version of something called a typewriter useing small pins with the reverse letters, he invents the QWERTY keyboard to make typing more natural. He is invited by President Westinghouse to the Presidental Manor to showcase his new invention, as the President himself has always been a tinkerer at heart. Impressed, he decides to fund Mik'am'mi's invention and orders one to be placed in Federal offices. Flush with capital, Mik'am'mi decides to found Borealian Type Corporation and begins manufacturing and selling in Arcadia. Edmund Kerring, a Scandinavia/Ln'u native and a member of the Office of War proposes centralizing the national finances, championing a national bank for more centralized control of finances and better able to fund the various appartus' of the government. He faces opposition from others who fear a more centralized government could lead to the oppression back under Brittannic rule. The War Office begins to experiment with the telegraph to have better communication. The Navy begins modifying its ships with steam engines, finally defeating the age old enemy of sail, the wind. Arcadia begins financially supporting the Californian uprisings and sends telegraphs and phamplets urging independence. Arcadia SECRETLY pledges to recognize California if it were to become a free nation.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. After a long, heated discussion of how Reme would governed, the tribal representatives (as well as notable Byzantine-Borealians) decide to create a republic, with a basic constitution that would be given basic rights to citizens of Reme. After these discussions, a rich Byzantine-Borealian named Stephanos Shawnee, and becomes the first President of Reme. Shawnee starts to upgrade trade and military services. However seeing Reme, a new nation, vulnerable to foreign attack, starts to encourage militarization of the west, and opens up to military alliances with other nations. Meanwhile trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump start into the European economy. Shawnee also commands the creation of a couple new navy ships, to help modernize the outdated Remian navy. Reme begins to vassalize Tribe 16 (Turn 1 of 4), Tribe 14 (Turn 1 of 3) Tribe 32 (Turn 1 of 3). Reme also secretly funds the uprisings, hoping to weaken French presence in Borealia.
  • Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 26 million, and continues growing. The Buenas Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenas Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France, and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power.  with their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea, totaling about 5000 from Andea proper. In order to better support our ally Osea, we withdraw our alliances with Buenos Aires and Uruguay and declare them illegitimate nations. The capital is relocated to Buenas Noches, which stands at 40,000 people. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. Upper Peru joins Andea proper.
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 105,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation and Spaniards leave the nation. In total, 10,000 Andean settlers arrive and 5000 Spaniards leave. Ties with Andea and South Chile deepen, with the Buenas Noches Constitution being adopted in the nation. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 31,000, as Andean settlers come and Spaniards go. In total, 5000 Andea settlers come and 2000 Spanish leave. Ties with Andea deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 36,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 60,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at eight million, mostly Andean settlers who relocated for the cheap land. Ties between Andea and Vorlayacor deepen,as the Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. The Andean Government also projects the idea that the only way to stop assimilation from occurring is for the Mapuche and Andeans to remain united
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League. (I assume this is allowed, if another mod has issue with this, let me know).
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time. 
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics. 
    • Judea: The land is put under temporary military occupation as the Zevi family moves in and aids in the Roman occupation. Jerusalem is declared liberated by the Romans for the second time since its capture by the Muslims, and the Romans are keenly aware of the wars that resulted in its loss before. To that end, economic and military growth are used to restore the land and keep the peace. 
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding. 
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In Falcon Venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. The government agrees on giving the californian state or region self ruling recognizing its own right to determine its destiny however remaining a territory of the borealian Domain. The colony of Emeraldia is given free state status with the official name of Etat-livre du Nouvelle Orleans.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government.
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy.
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor. Tartary would like to call Scandinavia to help defend against Russia. If Tartary receives support in the defensive war against Muscovy, we promise that country Muscovite land
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1827, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1827, several textile factories and manufacturing foundries open up in Landshut, and they soon employ child labour in order to largen the workforce. Barely anyone complains about this as child labour becomes a large source of income for many impoverished families. In other news, Anna von Habsburg-Wittelsbach loses the Austrian governor's election of 1827, and many conservatives, including the King, are pleased. In other news, rumors fly concerning the dissolution of the now-defunct RBSC. The process of incorporating Pomerania and Brandenburg begins this year (Turn 2 out of 5) when Franz-Rudolph decides that both countries should be under Bavaro-German sovereignty if a united Germany is ever to be dreamed of.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%. The Diet is once more suspended in 1790 following the Augsburg Revolt and subsequent period of instability.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1827. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1827, and pits former Governor Markus von Bruschberg with noblewoman Anna von Habsburg-Wittelsbach, daughter of first Austrian Governor Klaude Innsberg, and wife of rich noble Xavier von Habsburg-Wittelsbach. Many automatically call for Anna von H.W. to be disqualified due to her being a woman, while her supporters claim that there is no clause or rule barring those of the female gender from running to be governor. Despite her support, only about 35% of all voters in Austria support Anna H.W., while about 60% support Bruschberg, and the rest are undecided. It is important to note that many also want Bruschberg to be disqualified due to him already beging governor from 1810 to 1815.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. George I's children are: George (born 1773), Anne (born 1775), Eleanor-Rosa (born 1778), and Margaret (born 1781). The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg. 
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Some scientist begin to experiment with electronically-carried sound. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt, along with typewriters imported from Arcadia. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. The new steam ships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as Mount Moreno (OTL Mount McKinley). As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. In the commonwealth continues to influence the French colonies, in the hopes of annexing parts of them later. Economic and military aid is given to the rebels in California. Many frontiersmen take advantage of the chaos to push settlements further into the French territories. Seeing the traditional interest in independence in Hisperia, the commonwealth offers a defensive alliance with Andea.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. A Pskovian Gunsmith, tired of the smoke from his pistol, inadvertantly invents the percussion cap, and makes a few prototypes. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. After the death of the current Patriarch of Pskov, a Tverian bishop is elected to the post, taking the name Patriarch Alexis I and moves into the Trinity Monestary in Pskov, becoming the new Patriarch of Pskov and all the Russias. With Russian treats on the rise, the UK decides to cut its losses, oh, and after an emergency meeting of the Electoral Council this year, Supreme Prince Alexander is Kicked out by a 947-53 vote because of incompetance after a series of horrendous military blunders in Prussia(including a series of near-despotic measures that did not resonate well with the locals, turning them against the UK, and driving the South Prussian Government away from him) where he was Commander-In-Chief, as is fitting his post as Supreme Prince. Despite these many blunders, Geleral Vilkas Strassen, a Latvian, manages to take command even after being threatened for insubordination, and stop the hamburgians to a standstill. General Strassen. After A week of discussion Latvian General Vilkas Strassen is elected as the new Supreme Prince. The Golitsin Family will be happy if they ever hear the word "politics" in a hundred years as their personal estates are seized and auctioned off.
      • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.
      • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
      • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
      • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.

1828

The Shun win a great victory, driving the Manchu out of northern China back into their homelands and reclaiming Beijing. Elsewhere, the Mongolian khans break off from the Manchu, seeing weakness.

California breaks out into greater violence, and some locals and politicians begin advocating independence.

Russia begins losing its influence in Eastern Europe as the Slavic League returns to its cultural origins, rather than focusing on being a military alliance.

Barry Obinton revolutionalizes the Bavarian Mars government and enacts a major expansionist policy.

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. New Mecklenburg in OTL Australia expands by 750 px. Negotiations with Pskov over the terms of the Second Treaty of Königsberg enters their second year. With the war all but over, normal matters take priority again. Funds are allocated for the rebuilding of infrastructure in Prussia. In East Asia, Diplomats arrive in Ayutthaya, offering that country to become a protectorate.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colonies of Haejagang (해자강) and Baeglyeongyo (백련교) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. The colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League. (I assume this is allowed, if another mod has issue with this, let me know).
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time. 
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics. 
    • Judea: The land is put under temporary military occupation as the Zevi family moves in and aids in the Roman occupation. Jerusalem is declared liberated by the Romans for the second time since its capture by the Muslims, and the Romans are keenly aware of the wars that resulted in its loss before. To that end, economic and military growth are used to restore the land and keep the peace. 
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding. 
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In Falcon Venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. The government agrees on giving the californian state or region self ruling recognizing its own right to determine its destiny however remaining a territory of the borealian Domain. The colony of Emeraldia is given free state status with the official name of Etat-livre du Nouvelle Orleans.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government.
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1828, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1827, several textile factories and manufacturing foundries open up in Landshut, and they soon employ child labour in order to largen the workforce. Barely anyone complains about this as child labour becomes a large source of income for many impoverished families. In other news, rumors fly concerning the dissolution of the now-defunct RBSC. These rumors become reality in 1828 when the RBSC officially dissolves. Many people go out of work, and a slight economic downturn takes place. However, nothing major occurs and many people find jobs in the industrial sector. The process of incorporating Pomerania and Brandenburg begins this year (Turn 3 out of 5) when Franz-Rudolph decides that both countries should be under Bavaro-German sovereignty if a united Germany is ever to be dreamed of. With former colony Borealia invading rebellious California, the Diet votes to join the war and support a fellow German nation. However, not wanting to break the centuries old alliance with the French, the Diet creates the Treaty of Friendship, which reaffirms the cordial relations between France and Bavaria. In the treaty, the signing parliamentarians reason that since California is a rebelling colony, war is not being declared on France, but on a disloyal colony. The signatories also mention that Bavaria will "always hold the interests of her countrymen, colonists, and allies", and that these interests extend to Borealians, who are both former colonists, as well as current allies and, symbolically, countrymen (due to shared German heritage).
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%. The Diet is once more suspended in 1790 following the Augsburg Revolt and subsequent period of instability.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1827. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1832.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg. 
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Some scientist begin to experiment with electronically-carried sound. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt, along with typewriters imported from Arcadia. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. The new steam ships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as Mount Moreno (OTL Mount McKinley). As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. Taking advantage of the chaos in California, the Commonwealth dispatches 30,000 men to invade and annex the northern half of the Dominion of California (see algorithm on talk page). Continuing to fund rebellions in the region, the Curia begins to set up a provisional de jure government over the remainder of the colony.
    • Remian Diplomacy: Seeng a fellow Borealian nation trying to oust the aggressive French, Reme offers to send food and military supplies to the Commonwealth.
    • Bavaro-German Diplomacy: The King and Diet of Bavaria pledge 50,000 men to fight in California alongside the Borealians: 40,000 from New Bavaria, and 10,000 from Europe. We also send up-to-date, industrial siege weaponry manufactured in Katharinas-Hafen. Seeing as how Borealia and Bavaria share a fundamental cultural and political heritage, it would be wrong for Bavaria not to aid a former colony, especially against another colony which has been disloyal to her benevolent King.
    • Algonquia: Sends 15,000 men to support Borealia, as well as such military supplies as may prove useful to the war effort.
  • Reme: Reme begins to build up its military and economy. After a long, heated discussion of how Reme would governed, the tribal representatives (as well as notable Byzantine-Borealians) decide to create a republic, with a basic constitution that would be given basic rights to citizens of Reme. After these discussions, a rich Byzantine-Borealian named Stephanos Shawnee, and becomes the first President of Reme. Shawnee starts to upgrade trade and military services. However seeing Reme, a new nation, vulnerable to foreign attack, starts to encourage militarization of the west, and opens up to military alliances with other nations. Meanwhile trade is improved on, with industrialization, mainly former Byzantine areas slowly being introduced to populous areas. Lumber, cash crops, and other goods become a major export of Reme, and starts getting Reme a jump start into the European economy. Shawnee also commands the creation of a couple new navy ships, to help modernize the outdated Remian navy. Reme continues to vassalize Tribe 16 (Turn 2 of 4), Tribe 14 (Turn 2 of 3) Tribe 32 (Turn 2 of 3).
  • Nordic Union: The economy and military of Scandinavia and Britannia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Urbanization in London leads to rapid industrialization of southern Britannia. This also happens in Copenhagen and Oslo. While Oslo celebrates the explosion of population, Copenhagen starts seeing overcrowding issues. Incentives to resettle in Finnish and Icelandic areas are enacted. Scandinavia and Britannia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Nordic iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. The British colonies, in the meantime, provide bountiful food for the Nordic Union. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Pskov, the Roman Empire, and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian and British courts. The ports in Iceland and London are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach twenty million by 1830. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. In political news, the House of Scandinavia-Britannia continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia wishes to become closer to the Dutch. Centuries ago, the Northern Trading Pact had solidified British, Scandinavian and Dutch relations alike. King Nikolos IV says that he would like to return to this. In the meantime, Scandinavia begins considering selling its colonies to Arcadia in exchange for gold. The Nordic Union would back Arcadia in its dealings. Furthermore, Arcadia is encouraged to break ties with Borealia. Scandinavia realizes that it is no longer profitable to keep its colonies. The colonies, which have been incredibly successful, are considered for independence. Instead, Scandinavia elects to sell Huronsmark, Jansylvania, New Gotland, Ohijo, Sjosmark, Strombek and Vinland to Arcadia for <ANDY NAME PRICE HERE>.
    • Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Scandinavia-Britannia, a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand their navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 5000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Hondeklip: The military of this African colony expands. In the meantime, Hondeklip expands by 1000 sq km.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. Iceland begins to expand its outpost on Greenland by 10,000 sq km this year. The iron mines in Iceland lead to several entrepreneurs flocking to Iceland in the interest of expanding their personal fortunes.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expand.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor.
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Algonquia's new government launches huge-scale modernization efforts, focusing on the military, economy and infrastructure. Focus on modernizing the navy and creating an effective ferry service to link the nation together results in the launch of new and more modern ships. The military expands to 50,000, and continues to rearm with modern weaponry. The government also focuses on increasing the nation's capacity to produce muskets, artillery and other such weapons. A rudimentary telegraph line is laid between Aksimiki and Mackinac in the south. All vassals also modernize, although more slowly. Algonquian merchants begin to look for trade opportunities in more far-flung markets, like Hesperia and the Imperial Sea. Algonquia continues to incite rebellion in Scandinavian colonies, particularly in the western regions,w which have substantial Iroquois populations, and states its commitment to bringing these oppressed peoples into Algonquia's protective embrace if any opportunity arises. Algonquia sends aid and troops to assist Borealia in its war in California.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The OHG sets up a small whaling station on Svalbard to take advantage of the rich Northern waters. It is called Konraddorf after the current Duke. In other news, the military expands, especially in Neu Norderney and Thabascho. Convicts continue to be sent to Thabascho. The Prince-Bishop of Osnabruck, using his position on the High Coucil, pushes for fingerboxes to be banned. 

1829

The fingerbox becomes popular in France and southern Germany. A schoolyard fight in Bavaria is blamed on Fingerboxes. The government of Bavaria considers passing Fingerbox Control laws.

A neanderthal fossil is discovered.

  • Kingdom of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. New Mecklenburg in OTL Australia expands by 750 px. After three years of negotiations, the Hamburgian diplomats send their peace terms to Pskov, after receiving no word in Königsberg.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The military in the colonies of Haejagang (해자강) and Baeglyeongyo (백련교) continues to be on high alert and continues to heavily patrol the Korean settlements. The colony of Baeglyeongyo (백련교) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Netherlands: Netherlands continues to improve its economy and build up military. For greatest of all, Industry is improved, mostly new are built in largest populated areas of Netherlands thanks to opening of the first Dutch industry in Amsterdam by Dutch workers. The Dutch government also considers passing Fingerbox Control laws.
    • Brunei: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Malacca: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Upper Makassar: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Sunda: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Nigeria: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Oyo: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • South Africa: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • The Guianas: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
    • Colombia: Continues to improve its economy and build up military.
  • 'Algonquia: Launches huge-scale modernization efforts, focusing on the military, economy and infrastructure. Focus on modernizing the navy and creating an effective ferry service to link the nation together results in the launch of new and more modern ships. The military expands to 50,000, and continues to rearm with modern weaponry. The government also focuses on increasing the nation's capacity to produce muskets, artillery and other such weapons. A rudimentary telegraph line is laid between Aksimiki and Mackinac in the south. All vassals also modernize, although more slowly. Algonquian merchants begin to look for trade opportunities in more far-flung markets, like Hesperia and the Imperial Sea. Funding is sent to Beothuk rebels in Dutch Newfoundland, along with several shipments of weapons, and advisers. Troops continue to assist Borealia in California.
  • Tartary: The economy and military of Tartary are developed this year. Farming is the largest industry throughout the nation. The nation continues to develop cities. The population of Tartary continues to become larger. Tartary looks to establish an alliance with Scandinavia. We continue to expand 1000 px northeast. The Emperor position is re-established, and Alexis I becomes the Emperor.
    • Great Perm: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.

Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 26 million, and continues growing. The Buenas Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenas Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France, and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power.  with their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea, totaling about 5000 from Andea proper. In order to better support our ally Osea, we withdraw our alliances with Buenos Aires and Uruguay and declare them illegitimate nations. The capital is relocated to Buenas Noches, which stands at 40,000 people. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. Upper Peru joins Andea proper.

  • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 105,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation and Spaniards leave the nation. In total, 10,000 Andean settlers arrive and 5000 Spaniards leave. Ties with Andea and South Chile deepen, with the Buenas Noches Constitution being adopted in the nation. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
  • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 31,000, as Andean settlers come and Spaniards go. In total, 5000 Andea settlers come and 2000 Spanish leave. Ties with Andea deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
  • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 36,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
  • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 60,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
  • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at eight million, mostly Andean settlers who relocated for the cheap land. Ties between Andea and Vorlayacor deepen,as the Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. The Andean Government also projects the idea that the only way to stop assimilation from occurring is for the Mapuche and Andeans to remain united
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to recover from the devastating war that afflicted the nation in recent years, and efforts are made to heal the nation as best as possible. The military is crucial for maintaining the order that is currently in place, and the military continues to train and improve itself to ensure that the law of the land is upheld and the peace is maintained. Trade routes are re-established in order to help the economy recover and new tax laws and reforms are put into place to help the economy recover and grow. The lose of the Borealian provinces hurts the economy significantly, and as such the Roman Empire looks to other markets to replace the goods lost by the loss of the colonies there. The government continues to move along with its new reforms, and the country is preparing for its first elections that will take place in 1800 and will decide the new face of the Senate and Imperial government. With the war with the Damascans concluded, the country celebrates its victory and comes to the conclusion that the war of retribution against the Muslims, Arabs, and Turks has finally reached its conclusion. With that said, the Empire goes about to not only restore and rebuild its new territories, but also protect them and ensure that they never slip from the Empire's grasp again. Economic aid as well as investment and improved infrastructure is used to help restore the lands and bring the people back to the advanced way of life that most of the Empire now experiences. Relationships with Armenia, Georgia and the new Assyria are also cultivated. Membership is also sought in the Slavic League to counter the power of the resurgent Russia. To further solidify Roman influence in the Middle East as well as provide potential counterweights to the HRE and the Slavic League, the Roman Empire creates a new league, the Holy League, to act as a systematic chain of alliances to protect its members. Membership is open for all nations to apply, although application process needs to happen first. At the founding, the Roman Empire, Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, and Transylvania all join the League. (I assume this is allowed, if another mod has issue with this, let me know).
    • Luwitria (Or something like that): The colony was relatively unaffected by the war, and as such life more or less continued on normally, although contact with the Empire was much less often than before. As such, the colony developed a sense of nationalism and independence in very much the same way that the other archonates did during the war. Luckily, the government in Constantinople realizes this and offers them the same representation rights that the archonates are now given in the Imperial Senate. This does much to ease any of the potential political issues at the present time. 
    • Italy: Italy begins to recover from the war, and the local military and economy continues to grow and stabilize in the aftermath. The economy is largely built up with help from the central government, as the entire economy is in shambles and the central government is doing its best to help the entire Empire grow and interconnect better through economics. 
    • Judea: The land is put under temporary military occupation as the Zevi family moves in and aids in the Roman occupation. Jerusalem is declared liberated by the Romans for the second time since its capture by the Muslims, and the Romans are keenly aware of the wars that resulted in its loss before. To that end, economic and military growth are used to restore the land and keep the peace. 
    • Syria: The former capital region proves to be a considerable issue for the Roman occupation forces, as the region is full of Muslims but also a significant quantity of Christians. Roman forces establish themselves in the city of Antioch, which houses the largest Christian community of Syria, and from there they use military and economic power to heal the land and expand Roman control over taxation, military patrols, and infrastructure rebuilding. 
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, Colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (in Falcon Venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. The government agrees on giving the Californian state or region self ruling recognizing its own right to determine its destiny however remaining a territory of the Borealian Domain. The colony of Emeraldia is given free state status with the official name of Etat-livre du Nouvelle Orleans.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government.
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy.
  • BoraliaFlagCommonwealth of Borealia: Both the military and economy improve. The continual industrial revolution has led to an increasing birth rate. Recent theories on economics and agriculture have led to the expansion of businesses at an exponential rate, including various forms of manufacturing, mining, and printing. Machines using steam power are also popular, as the first factories appear. Some of these businesses are also internationally based, buying and selling to the neighboring colonies of France, Britain, and Scandinavia, as well as the sovereign states of Reme, Arcadia, Aragon, Algonquia and Germany. The most productive of these businesses is the buffalo industry, monopolized by a few companies based in Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City). The professional army and cavalry are continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery is manufactured. Rifles are now standard equipment across the military. Caravels and frigates fitted with steam engines are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands across the Pacific. The University of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. An experimental telephone is first demonstrated at a novelty fair in New Vienna. The first cameras are built, and start to be used by newspapers in Kristallstadt, along with typewriters imported from Arcadia. Telegraphs are commonly used across the state, and some news bulletins are published across it. The most prolific publications of the commonwealth propagate philosophies of independence as far as Newfoundland, Vineland and New Orleans. The new steam ships have allowed for more colonial expansion along the coast, as far as Mount Moreno (OTL Mount McKinley). As military and diplomatic support is sent to Reme, the curia also offers to mass manufacture raw materials from them and sell bison products. The war in California continues, although it is taking much longer than originally anticipated, the military is relieved by the aid of Algonquia, Reme, and New Bavaria. While the French military is vast, it proves to be largely impenitent after being lax for so many years. The common people of the colony are enthusiastic, seeing the Borealians as liberators from foreign tyranny. Some local governors begin to defect to the provisional government. 
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The Prince-Bishop of Osnabruck uses his position as a President of the High Council to introduce legislation to the Landtag with the aim of banning finger boxes. The military expands.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is expanded. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. A Pskovian Gunsmith, tired of the smoke from his pistol, inadvertantly invents the percussion cap, and makes a few prototypes. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. After the death of the current Patriarch of Pskov, a Tverian bishop is elected to the post, taking the name Patriarch Alexis I and moves into the Trinity Monestary in Pskov, becoming the new Patriarch of Pskov and all the Russias. With Russian treats on the rise, the UK decides to cut its losses, oh, and after an emergency meeting of the Electoral Council this year, Supreme Prince Alexander is Kicked out by a 947-53 vote because of incompetance after a series of horrendous military blunders in Prussia (including a series of near-despotic measures that did not resonate well with the locals, turning them against the UK, and driving the South Prussian Government away from him) where he was Commander-In-Chief, as is fitting his post as Supreme Prince. Despite these many blunders, Geleral Vilkas Strassen, a Latvian, manages to take command even after being threatened for insubordination, and stop the Hamburgians to a standstill. General Strassen. After A week of discussion Latvian General Vilkas Strassen is elected as the new Supreme Prince. The Golitsin Family will be happy if they ever hear the word "politics" in a hundred years as their personal estates are seized and auctioned off. The Armistice negotiated by His Grace the Supreme Prince Strassen yields results as a parliament for Prussia (bundestag) is guaranteed and South and North Prussia are re-united.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable amount of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1829, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Rudolph I (born 1798) and his children; Maria (born 1817) and Johann (born 1822) compose the current royal family. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hamburg, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 80% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 95% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In political news, the King continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In 1827, several textile factories and manufacturing foundries open up in Landshut, and they soon employ child labour in order to largen the workforce. Barely anyone complains about this as child labour becomes a large source of income for many impoverished families. In other news, rumors fly concerning the dissolution of the now-defunct RBSC. These rumors become reality in 1828 when the RBSC officially dissolves. Many people go out of work, and a slight economic downturn takes place. However, nothing major occurs and many people find jobs in the industrial sector. The process of incorporating Pomerania and Brandenburg begins this year (Turn 4 out of 5) when Franz-Rudolph decides that both countries should be under Bavaro-German sovereignty if a united Germany is ever to be dreamed of. Bavaria continues aiding the Borealians. In Europe, many women and religious minorities who previously ample work in the court have now been pushed down the social ladder by King Franz-Rudolph's conservative ascendancy.
  • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%. The Diet is once more suspended in 1790 following the Augsburg Revolt and subsequent period of instability.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1827. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Johann Florinsburg is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1822. The next elections are to be held in 1832.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Venexia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg. 
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.

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