Alternate History

1814: The American Civil War

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The Convention That Changed Everything

In 1814 the now strong Federalists hold many meetings in Hartford to discuss if to remain part of a nation fighting a pointless war and they are able to convince New England states and New York to stop fighting leading to an American surrender and the war ends with no gains as the war came to an abrupt end because of the depletion of troops. A few weeks later after the Treaty of Ghent which is signed and announced to the Americans and British by January 8th, the Battle of New Orleans date which also helped the British end the war as they defeated Jackson, and this proves too much for the Federalists to bear anymore of a losing war and on February 1, 1815 the states of Massachusetts (Back then included the OTL state of Maine), New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New York secede from the United States because they will not fight a war that cannot be won. The President of the USA, James Madison, demands that they return or a war will be inevitable. The states fail to comply and Madison has a force under Andrew Jackson, the loser of New Orleans, be sent into New York and to burn the city if the resistance is too fierce (if possible). The army reaches the city by March with back-up ships ready to evacuate while meanwhile the new republic of New England is ready for a hard battle.

The Battle of NYC

When Jackson's force arrives in the harbor of New York City, a force is there ready to stop them. As Jackson led his troops onto land, the New England force fought with great bravery and resistance, repelling the attack. By the next day, almost one-third of both forces were killed or injured and Jackson retreated to the ships with his troops to prepare for a second attack as he left the harbor. Two weeks after the first attack, Jackson returned with double his original force and the New England force had only grown by a small margin. This time he attacked at night. The New Englanders were unready this time but again repelled Jackson with the battle denigrating to house to house fighting. Four days after the house to house fighting began, Jackson retreated to New Jersey. The following day Jackson headed into Lower Manhattan and was ready for the biggest day of the battle. Forces battled for three straight days with both armies witnessing carnage. The city was in flames from fires that were spreading because of the battles. Soon the battle was tipping to the side of the underdog New Englander's because, like their fathers in the revolution, the men of today had the willpower to fight against their enemies and did so. Within another two days Jackson was on his way to Washington. He informed President Madison of his defeat, for which he would later be demoted for but he was then given the job of putting the rebellion down. Jackson was really only second command, as Madison took control from the White House and the American Civil War was at hand..

The Northern War of Independence/United States Civil War


After the Battle of NYC in March the armies of both New England and America slowly healed and by July of that same year both were ready to engage, at least at land. At sea the Americans had the advantage but the New Englanders had a few ideas up their sleeves, an alliance with Britain. As August approached the first battle finally occurred, the Battle of Newark. The New England Army was strong enough from anger and the Battle of New York that they forced the Americans to retreat to central New Jersey after a bloody battle (In the American's case). The Americans decided to send a strong fleet to block the Boston Harbor, the other major harbor in New England and where most exports left and most imports came. For three months, the Americans hold off numerous attacks and form a long blockade all of almost all of the New England coast. When the winter sets in the New England diplomats take their chance, they flee into Canada and beg for some help and point out that they were very reluctant to fight in the War of 1812. The British diplomats have a convoy take them to Britain and a diplomatic dialogue begins while the Americans remain in the dark.


In Britain the diplomatic dialogue is starting to get noticed by American diplomats in Washington as few British diplomats have been available for diplomatic talks in London and Washington so the Americans figure talks with the New English. The Americans immediately begin their own talks with the Brits but are usually refused any kind of talk and this angers the Americans and leads to even worse battles between the American and New England armies. In March the Americans attack Buffalo but when they come to close to Canada the British treat this as an attack and so on March 20, the British declare war on America therefore answering New England's call for assistance. When the Americans hear of this they try to explain to British officials but fail and the Americans are hit in the face (not literally). The British immediately march into New England to aid the New England army against America. A few weeks later the Royal Navy arrives and the Americans are in trouble at this point. By April the British are marching into the Louisiana Territory and the Americans are becoming surrounded on all sides. In May the Americans talk with Spanish diplomats to get them in the war but they refuse. As the British edge closer, New England attacks border states and quickly takes much of them leading to an American surrender on May 16. A peace conference is held in Bern, Switzerland and the treaty is signed on June 10. The treaty is as follows: New England will be recognized as an independent country, the United States will keep Louisiana and will receive certain claimed areas but Oregon Country will remain a discussion until both sides can agree on terms. By October the Americans agree on terms solving the problem on which states belong to which country but Oregon Country is still a dispute. The states that become the Federal Republic of New England are; Maine (formed from Massachusetts), Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. The capital is in Boston and the country adopts a very strong federal government and forms strong ties with Great Britain. In the United States this brings great turmoil to the government because of its failure to defeat the "rebels" as now Madison is despised by the American Public and when his term is over he will disappear forever from the view of the public. As the year comes to an end, the people of New England celebrate a victory and the people of America whine over the fall of their nation.

The First Three Years


New England officially declares that its independence day will be on May 16, the day the war ended. The government already gets to work as they elect officials and the army and navy are built from the ground up with some help from its new ally, Britain. American and British relations come to a standstill as do American and New English relations. In the United States people are accusing each other of the civil war and some parts of the fragile nation are considering leaving the union. By August the Congress is in dismay and protests are held all across the nation. President Monroe, who was elected in 1816 by default since there were no other candidates except for the few remaining Federalists in America, declares martial law and virtually forms a dictatorship. New England views this as a big threat and begins to build up its forces in case of the US going rogue. They decide the one thing they must do is work not only with Britain but the strongest of Europe as well.


It's been two years since the war and now the US is finally making its final steps to full recovery. Diplomatic relations with New England and Britain get better and this erases much of the hatred toward each other. The US decides to make a move on Florida by attacking the colony of Spain and also paying Indians to attack Spanish forces there. When the Spanish discover the Americans are causing the Spanish some problems they decide to invade bordering states. The Spanish invade Georgia, Louisiana, Arkansas Territory, and Missouri Territory. The Americans respond by blockading Florida and also begin to fight back the invaders. The British decide that this is a perfect time to attack Spain and steal some of its territories. The British talk to the Americans about joining the war on their side and promise to give up the Red River Basin Territory for their help. The US agrees. On August 10 the British join the war and immediately begin by invading California and also attacking colonies in the Caribbean and South America. The Spanish receive stunning defeats and soon face a losing battle. On September 7 the US have cleared bordering territories and states of Spanish forces. Within three weeks the US Army is marching into Texas and Florida. While the US are busy to the east, the British are on the march in California and other northern Spanish territories. In mid-October the US Army captures the city of St. Augustine. In other parts of Florida the US has made progress but not like it has in the northeast of Florida. Now that the US has finally captured a important Spanish city, they make plans for the future to invade and conquer Havana, Cuba and San Juan, Puerto Rico. On Halloween Night the British capture and secure San Diego but still much of western California is up for battle. While Thanksgiving Day approaches in the US, the fall of northern Florida and much of Texas and other areas that border Louisiana territory are falling under American control. Meanwhile Spain has another problem, the Mexican War of Independence. For now they are trying to help fight off the invaders with their enemies but as it continues to fail, soon the rebels will soon turn on the Spaniards again and the war will start again even though it has not ended. Soon Christmas is around the corner and the Spanish are in a critical position. As the war calmed down for a short time, a peace offering was being prepared as the war is in a critical state for the Spanish.


As the war resumes the Spanish immediately hold a diplomatic meeting with American and British diplomats. The Spanish propose to cede to the US the territories of Texas, East and West Florida, and other parts of Mexico (OTL New Mexico, part of Colorado and Wyoming, along with OTL Arizona and Utah; as for the British the Spanish propose to give them California and Nevada along with numerous Pacific colonies, most notably the Philippines. When the deal is brought to the table a dispute arises, the Oregon Country borders California and Nevada and it is a disputed area. The US also wants Spanish Caribbean territory - specifically Cuba and Puerto Rico. The treaty is further discussed and disputed until a comprise is reached. The treaty is signed in Paris as the Treaty of Paris. The points of the treaty are as follows:

  • The United States will relinquish all claims to Oregon Country and will in return receive the territories of East and West Florida, Texas and parts of northern Mexico along with all Spanish territory in the Caribbean.
  • The British Empire will receive Oregon Country and the Spanish territories of California, Nevada and numerous colonies in the Pacific - most notably the Philippines.

With the war now over the Spanish face another war, the Mexican War of Independence. This war had been going on for some time and had gained further support with the defeat of Spain by Britain and the newborn USA. In the spring and early summer the Spanish suffer massive defeats as the weakened army are unable to fight the battle hardened rebels of years past. By the late fall the Spanish are fleeing Mexico and on December 25th offer peace to Mexico. Within days the Mexican government accepts. After these events the face of North America are changed but the wars to come will truly change the continent.

The 1820s: Beginning of the Industrial Age and More Expansion


As a new decade dawns the world turns a new leaf and tries to start anew. In the United States the dictatorial powers are a little relinquished as martial law is stopped and the president has less totalitarian powers but the federal government is basically all there is as state and local governments are weakened and are basically puppets of the feds. The army and navy are further strengthened while elections will once again be held. The candidates for president will be Monroe and an Independent candidate from Virginia. As the election draws near it becomes clear that Monroe is going to pull away with the election so he invokes the Monroe Doctrine. The Doctrine declares that any interference by European powers in the Americas will be considered an official declaration of war on the United States. On Election Day, Monroe is re-elected. In New England this is met with mixed views as they unsure about their future relations with the United States and its new militaristic desires. As they continue to get their aid from Britain to build a strong navy and army it is clear it won't be able to gain certain allies in Europe because of their close relations with Britain. In Britain a small crisis is about to happen: its new colonies are still seeking independence since they were still fighting the Spanish for independence before the war erupted. The rebels haven't attacked yet but it is clear they are going to stir up some trouble. In the newly American controlled areas there are some disturbances but it would seem that the rebels there are under control and unwilling to attack.


In the United States, North American British colonies and New England, an event known as the Great Awakening is beginning which will last for years to come. People are feeling the urge to be more independent and new groups form that demand women's suffrage and equal female rights. In Europe people begin to want the same things and even begin to demand less dictatorial powers and more democratic powers. In France the events in North America set off a chain of events that leads to a more equal society between men and women but women are still not allowed to vote. All across Europe nationalism also begins to spread rapidly and independence movements get stronger. In Canada a wave of nationalism from America and New England causes a rebellion to spring up in the cities of Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, and Quebec City. The British are easily able to put down the rebellion but more minor ones periodically spring up as the Canadian Independence Movement will become more influential and supported by the Canadian public. In the United States the issue of slavery is worsening as the balance of power is being tipped as pro-slavery is becoming more common. Monroe must also make a decision on whether to invoke the Doctrine against Spain for its attack on its colonies or whether to sit down and be quiet. Monroe has to base his decision on whether he wants to be on the bad side of the warhawks in Congress which control about half of the Congress or don't declare war and face a compromising position in Congress. Monroe decides to invoke the doctrine and once again declares war on Spain but this time convince Mexico to join the fight and help secure Latin America's independence. In July the United States and Mexico send a multinational force to help the rebels in Central America but unknown to the Americans is that the Mexicans are planning on taking all of Central of America to become part of their empire. Meanwhile the Americans have also plans to take some of Central America too and also work out a deal with Simon Bolivar to have trade routes established between America and his planned Gran Colombia as long as the Americans keep their promise of military support. Spain is heavily weakened from its recent war it had with the US but it has learned a few things. Spain decides it must get an ally on its side. They talk to Portugal and promise help in the case of a Brazilian rebellion. Portugal agrees reluctantly. In October the Battle of San Salvador occurs as joint Mexican-American-Rebel forces fight a joint Loyalist-Spanish-Portuguese force across the city and its surrounding areas. Naval units meanwhile are ferociously battling in the Caribbean as no side is the clear victor in the war. Back home the US experiences a rush in immigration from Britain because of poor living conditions because of industrialisation the country. This wave of immigrants provides a new kind of worker and soon the US is one of most modern nations thanks to its new industrial workers. The new industry at home provides more weaponry and the US and its allies begin to take the charge in the war as the American economy skyrockets. By December the Battle of San Salvador is over with American-Mexican-Rebel victory. As the year ends the face of the Americas is changing as unrest rises across Latin America and Spain and Portugal are unable to hold on to their colonies independence of the colonies seems inevitable especially with America on its side.


As the Spanish continue to retreat in Central America, in Latin America they have completely surrendered as Simon Bolivar completes his dream of Grand Colombia. Meanwhile the US also works out economic deals with Peru, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay and the fledgling nation of Brazil. The US also promises military protection to Colombia and Brazil. Meanwhile in Central America the US and its allies have defeated the Spanish-Portuguese armies and the navies are finally suffering and US forces are becoming ready to attack Portuguese forces in Brazil. Portugal continues to fight but with little Spaniard troops with them and even loyalists are fleeing to head back to Portugal for safety. In the Amazon they have left a trail of fire and are going to make their last stand at Sao Paulo. The battle rages into the latter months of the year. On October 12, the day the Americas were discovered the Portuguese surrender and leave Brazil. The Spanish leave within a week and most loyalists are already gone. As the war comes to an end the US puts some troops in Colombia and Brazil to keep their end of the bargain with the two for economic ties and they leave Central America except for Panama where they plan to build a canal in the future but do not have the technology yet. Mexico meanwhile though begins to fight the rebels and the US is shocked. Monroe demands they leave or extreme actions against Mexico. Mexico doesn't back down and the US doesn't act for now and Mexico goes on to capture most of Central America and then announces the US is bluffing but little do they know that they are not as they are waiting to make their move.


As Mexico approaches near Costa Rica Monroe promises that if Mexico comes within 50 miles of Panama war will be declared and Mexico will be defeated swiftly and quickly. Mexico then decides to keep moving but stays 50.1 miles away. The US therefore decides to not declare war but does move troops right to the Panamanian border. Meanwhile in New England the government is having problems as some states are allowing political asylum for Canadian rebel leaders who are fleeing in defeat. The Federal Government of New England decides to hold a Constitutional Convention in Hartford. The states reluctantly accept. The convention is mostly about forming a strong federal government and allowing for much more federal power without destroying states' rights. They work out many quirks at the Constitutional Convention of 1823 in Hartford. As the Mexican-American Crisis worsens the rebels that had been fighting for independence from Spain are now fighting Mexico to hold onto that. Meanwhile an American election is coming up in a year and Monroe must try to keep his type of leadership in power to keep America strong and ever more powerful. It is expected Henry Clay will win the election but rumors go about that Calhoun is running too who is pretty popular. In the Fall the US and Mexico begin to prepare for war while in the Northeast the British and New English are experiencing some problems as Canada edges closer to full-out rebellion. As the tenth anniversary of New England's independence day approaches politics become global more and more and a major war between two former allies in two different alliances teeter on the border.


While New England celebrates its Independence Day the US is sending troops into Mexico for a full-scale war. Battles quickly ensue and hundreds are just simply massacred.

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