Alternate History

1785-1824 (The Failed Experiment)

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Riding homeward from Philadelphia, George Washington's horse is startled and he falls to the ground, striking his head. After several days he passes away from the injury, sending a few shock waves throughout the new nation but not having too many effects.


The Congress begins to feel the stress and lack of power, and with the lack of funds and authority a Congressman named James Madison begins calling it an "alliance of independent states, with each caring for only its own needs".


Feeling that the Articles of Confederation need to be fixed, the Congress calls for a new convention to discuss it and if agreed upon, alter the Articles.

The Convention meets in Philadelphia, in the old Independence Hall. Debates begin almost immediately, with some favoring keeping the Articles as they are, which is favored by the states of Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina, while others such as Pennsylvania and New Jersey favor adding a bit more strength, but keeping the essence of the Articles the same. There is a monarchist group as well, with this being from the state of New York. Finally there is those who call for an entirely new constitution, the New Englanders and Georgia.


The debates continue throughout the summer and into late fall going nowhere. By October the delegates from Georgia have had enough of it and they leave the Convention returning home. As they leave they state they want to preserve the unity, but will not just lie down for the other states. 

With Georgia gone the New Englanders, who were with the Georgians on their views, also leave the convention, stating almost the exact same as the southern delegates, only taking it a bit farther stating "New England will stand up for itself, rule itself and defend its people."


The convention continues to fall apart, with the states of New Jersey, Delaware and New York leaving and returning home.

With absence of all states north of Pennsylvania, this leaves only Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and the Carolinas attending. The remaining states then do begin to make some progress, agreeing that Congress needs more strength to function properly, such as the right to tax and call on troops for the military. By the late fall much progress has been made, and it looks as if the remaining states will be able to overlook there differing views.

Meanwhile in the states of Delaware and Georgia, the people watch the Convention cautiously, as the convention may bring a useful document to existence.

Farther north however the people of New England have decided to forgo there earlier statement of "New England is for New England", and they decide to form there own convention in Boston to decide their future. The Boston Convention begins in early May, and almost all of the delegates there favor writing a new constitution to govern the region as well as the principle that a federal government must have strength, but it must not surpass that of the states, and vice versa.

As the Boston Convention convenes, a document begin to form with the creation of a dual branched government, with one branch being head by one man from each state, called the Council of Governors, which from itself chooses a Prime Minister and a second branch called the Congress, which is based on the population of the states. This allows the states to directly control the national level of government and keep those who oppose a strong central government happy while at the same time pleasing those who wish for a strong central government. By mid-September the document is finally completed and signed by the conventions delegates, and from Boston copies of the document are sent to each individual state for ratification, with Massachusetts and Connecticut ratifying the document quickly, while in the states of New Hampshire and Rhode Island it is debated quite strongly until finally the states ratify it. Elections are set for the new Congress, and it is set to assemble next May in Boston.

With the ratification of the document the Council of Governors convenes for the first time, agreeing that the Prime Minister will be John Hancock. Hancock accepts the position, and in the first topic the Council discusses is what the name of the new nation will be. After a few hours of discussion it is decided that the nations name will be the Confederate States of New England, and as there i currently non Congress until next year, the decision becomes official, with the CSNE being declared in Providence, Rhode Island in the Providence Proclamation, which states that New England would be and was independent of the other 13 colonies from that moment forward.


The Constitutional Convention, which recently had been running smoothly, hits a ruff spot over the issue of slavery, with Virginia, South Carolina, and North Carolina wanting slaves to be counted for Congress while Maryland (which is a slave state but whose delegates are heavily influenced by Pennsylvania as well as abolitionists from home) and Pennsylvania decide that it isn't an option.

From there the convention begins to break down one last time until the delegates from Virginia and the Carolinas are told to leave Philadelphia, which leaves the convention in a total failure.

The Delegates from the Southern states soon set up there convention in Raleigh, North Carolina. From there they decide to keep the same basic government of the Articles, until finally the flaws of that decision are shown. It is then decided to create a bicameral legislature with one house based on population, and one house with equal representation for each state. It is also decided that an executive branch must be created to carry out the laws of Congress quickly and effectively. This position is then called the Presidency, which the delegates decide will be directly elected by the people and will serve five year terms with no limit. By the summers end the document is completed by the Virginian delegate Thomas Jefferson.

With a new constitution written, the document goes out to to the states, which refuse to ratify the document unless several clauses are included allowing for the impeachment of the President by the Congress OR the states, and a Bill of Rights. The convention agrees to these clauses, and the states quickly ratify the document, which begins with the words: "We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."

With the use of We the People and the United States of America, the constitution makes it clear that the three states are the successors to the old Articles of Confederation, as well as making them the heir to the western lands by claiming the name of the USA.

Meanwhile in the states of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland, it is decided that with the failure of the convention, they will form their own convention and form a new nation separate from the slave holding South and the New English and New York to the north. Several months are dedicated to writing a new document, which is completed finally in late August. It declares the several states to be the Commonwealth of North America, with a unicameral parliament based on population and an executive branch headed by the Prime Minister, who can only be impeached if the people vote by at least 51% to impeach him. If he is impeached state legislatures will elect a new Prime Minister to handle the executive branch until popular elections have decided upon a new one.

With the creation of new nations to its eastern and southern borders, New York is isolated, and it is decided to form a new nation by the state legislature, which decides quite quickly that the new nation will be a constitutional monarchy, with the current Governor George Clinton becoming the new King and the state legislature becoming the new Parliament. It doesn't take long until the bugs are all hammered out, and by then it is early September. With the new constitution complete, the governor of New York is coronated in Albany, and he takes the name of King George I.

Finally in Georgia the state government takes over the role of the now dead Articles, deciding foreign policy and such. Very little changes are actually made to the document except making the Governor now the President, and the creation of a new national congress which allows for the people in lands claimed by Georgia to be represented. The new nation officially is declared the Federal Republic of Georgia in early May.


A new topic comes up between the newly independent state, this one pertaining not to government, but to territory, or to be more specific, the western territories won from Britain in the recent Revolutionary War. It is decided that the Commonwealth of North American, the United States, and Georgia  all have valid claim and actual access to the land, and the three nations agree to discuss the matter in Baltimore, and this begins the Baltimore Conference.

The three countries each have valid claims to the land, and it is decided that the land will be split up between the three nations based on there population and current strength as well as claims.

Eventually after several tedious weeks of debate, it is decided to give the CNA the eastern half of the northern Ohio River Valley and all land northwards as well as the lower peninsula of great lakes region, and with everything else north of the Ohio and west of the Commonwealth going to the USA. Lastly was Georgia, which was actually quite simple as Georgia only wanted land south of its northern border, while the USA wanted everything north of it, and so everything south of the 35th parellel was ceded to Georgia, and everything north to the USA.

With the issues finally settled, the history of the Failed Experiment may begin.


The Federal Republic of Georgia and the Confederate States of New England sign a treaty of alliance, securing relations between the two countries and allowing for a sort of trade triangle to form between the two and Europe, with Georgian cotton being sold to New English mills which then sells the cloth to Georgia and Europe, and Europe then sells other goods to Georgia in return for other crops.

The Kingdom of New York signs several treaties with the British and French to keep relations friendly, and a special privilege is given to the British to allow British ships to dock in New York in return for New York being allowed to the same. This angers New England and the Commonwealth, but as interfering with it could result in conflict once more, and this time against other Americans, the issue is tolerated.

The United States organizes its lands into the territories of Kentucky and Franklin, and everything north of the Ohio remains unorganized territory.

The Commonwealth of North America organizes three new territories out of its new lands, they are named as follows: Ohio, Pontiac and Michigan. Settlement of these new territories is widely encouraged and several dozen families move there.


The first map of North America is made since the fracture, taking the territorial divisions and making them official.

1793 TFE

Carrying on in North America the Commonwealth begins construction of a road from Philadelphia to Sault St Marie on the northern tip of the Pontiac Territory, which has been growing quickly lately due to immigration, even though it is still far from becoming a state. The Pontiac Territory does however gain a Territorial Governor and a small Council made up of representatives from each of the towns in the territory.

In the United States construction of several new warships begins at Norfolk as to form a navy for the new nation. An Indian raid in the Kentucky Territory kills three entire families which were settling there. No one survives the attack and the garrison at the local fort launches a counter attack against the Indians, burning down there village but in the end losing the battle thanks to the British supplying them with guns. 

This causes much outrage in the American capitol of Richmond, and the Congress calls for a large military presence to clear the region of the British in territories. A small force of 300 men is organized and sent to the Kentucky Territory, where it rebuilds the destroyed fort and names it Frankfort, which will later become the capitol of the state. Operations are set to commence next year against the British in the region.

The Kingdom of New York holds the first elections for the new Parliament, and within the new nation there has already been a few political factions forming, one, the New York Party, which favors closer cooperation with their fellow American nations and the other, the Royalist Party, which favors more cooperation with the British. The elections are all quite overwhelming in there choices, and the New York Party wins a majority in Parliament, which will have the New York foreign policy be more oriented toward the North American continent than toward Europe.

The Federal Republic of Georgia begins construction of a new capitol on the meeting place of the Georgia and its two territories, so that the capitol will be in every state. It is undecided as of yet what to name the city.


The French Revolution breaks out in Europe when French peasants storm the Bastille, which having recently undergone some new construction and been given a larger garrison due to the King feeling a sense of unrest among the people, does not fall. Instead the French Army marches on the rebels and massacres them, causing the fever of Revolution to die down quickly.

With the attempted Revolution failed, the King sees that he needs to seriously reform the government if he wants to keep hold over the country. He soon appoints several new advisors, which aid him in making these reforms, which lower taxes on the lower and middle classes, and outraging the nobles, increasing those on the upper classes. He also strips the Catholic Church of some of its lands, selling them and making some profit for France's coffers.

King Louis also decides to try and better relations with the American nations, which his advisors say are a great place to not only make money from trade but to also send the unwanted of the country. With this plans are made to round up those sympathetic with the crushed Revolutionaries in the near future.

The Kingdom of New York, seeing the failed Revolution in France, offers to take some of Frances "undesirables", but France seeing the small size of New York and that New York is not very largely Catholic, politely declines.

The United States watches as France makes reforms in order to reduce Revolutionary thoughts, and offers the French several trade deals, (most of which are on cotton, indigo, and tobacco), and they are accepted, with France in return agreeing to send some of its undesirables there, as the USA needs new settlements in the western territories.

New England begins moving closer to Britain, signing several trade and right of passage treaties. The signing of these signifies a renewal of relations between the two regions, and the beginning of New England's long trip toward alliance with the British Empire.

Georgia decides what to name its new capitol, and it is decided to call the city the District of Colombia, with it named in honor of Christopher Columbus. The construction is set to be completed by 1798.
































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