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1780 to 1789 (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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Archive Thirty-Eight:

1770 - 1779

Archive Thirty-Nine:

1780 - 1789

Archive Forty:

1790 - 1799

This page is an archive for the Principia Moderni III map game, from 1780 to 1789.

1780

Unrest begins to build in southern Hindustan when townspeople and villagers hear reports that a Hindu holy man was tortured and killed by Hindustani troops. Hindu villagers begin rioting in southern Hindustan.

NOTE: All players that know that they will be inactive for five days or more ought to leave a message on the talk page, of face the consequences.

I personally believe this is a stupid rule and should be extended to at least a week. ~ Scraw

It's 15 days, but to be safe you should always say something when possible.

15 days means you're losing the nation, 5 days means you'll be getting events that are supposed to startle you a bit, simply to alert you. -Sky

  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy.In response to the Japanese declaration of war, we prepare to defend our freedom against the heinous japanese invaders!  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. Lanzhou, Shijuazuang, Hebei and Shangjing are all integrated into a single province known as the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, trade with the Japanese ports of Yantai and Qingdao comes to a complete halt.  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Uighur people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. Islam is allowed to flourish in Uighur Khanate and no interference is made in the religious matters for fear of the Uighur people rebelling. A major mosque is also constructed to please the Uighur for helping to crush the uprising in Lanzhou. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Mongol Khanate: Prince Dorgon Borgon Rimping introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion.
  • Tartary: Koray Akagündüz in the new King of the nation since Paul got kicked off 20 years ago. The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. The navy continues to build more battleships. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. A border control team is protecting the borders. Farming is our biggest industry. Also the population increase due to high birth rates. We continue to use steam power. We expand 1000 xp north east.
    • Principality of Perm (formerly Great Perm): We build up our military and economy. 
    • Principality of Chernihiv: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy. 
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to economic. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St. Patriksburg is expanded, with a large kremlin and port being constructed.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In falcon venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. We encounter a border dispute with New Austria as they have expanded in areas which were reserved for the French colonists. We ask that they retract from the area or war will be declared.
      • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
      • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
      • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
      • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
      • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current prussian and Polish government
      • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
      • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alliegance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing. War is declared on Hamburg in the colonies alongside Scandinavia, citing border disputes and betrayal on behalf of the former Cherokee government. Italy and Bulgaria join in the war effort. A large force is sent to defeat the colonies at the mainland, and a large number of ships and men along with siege weapons are sent to invade the colonies.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once co-operated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The military focuses on improving the current standard-issue musket, making it more accurate and reliable. Military scientists at the University of Osnabruck begin tests searching for a means of firing multiple rounds before reloading. naturally, the idea is not taken seriously by many, however the scientists involved are convinced that there is a way. (Military turn).
    • Hamburgian Dip: Hamburgian diplomats request that the Regency Council send some sort of aid in Hamburg's current struggle against Scandinavia and Imperial Rome.
  • Wu: The war is still in table with Chu. The troops still evading an action for a victory, pushing in a relatively good ways of attack.
    • Min: Military improves, half of good way. We make a plan searching for a gold of great positives for a credits. To reach its full potential.
    • Yue: Economy improves. The Yue Government hasn't still make a good news for Yue citizens. About a great chance to put up a fight in Chui. Even increasingly for the troops.
  • Buenos Aires: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. The navy continues to build more battleships. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. A border control team is protecting the borders. Farming is our biggest industry. The population tries to mix the ethnicities of Spanish and Native. Also the population increase due to high birth rates. We continue to use steam power.
  • Netherlands: Naval and military expansion continue. scientific and cultural development in Brussels and Antwerp continue. Economic growth continues. settlers continue to head towards the cape colony and towards Guiana as the land is become increasingly easier to settle and grants on land are giving to increase the population. Guiana's population now stands at 160,000, while the dutch population in the cape colony is at a total of 1500. consolidation of trade within the East Indies continues as the grip over local rulers grows. In an effort to end contradicting claims with the Japanese the Dutch East India Company extends a hand to Japan in an effort to negotiate a settlement over colonies in East Asia. Liberal Ideas start to spread with increasing speed across the Lowlands as the enlightenment takes a strong hold of the major urban centres. Many begin to question the personal union with Westaphilia and the close links to the Holy Roman Empire, favoring a return to Franco-Dutch values which helped found the 'Kingdom of the Netherlands. A strong interest in philosophy and nature starts to grow.The usage of steam power starts to pick up in the mining districts of Wallonia.  With war breaking out between Hamburg , scandinavia, and rome the States-general vots against any intervention and uses their veto power over the crown to keep the king from involving the dutch empire in the conflict however they do allow the king to exercise their right as soviergn of westaphilia to join the war should he choose to. 
  • Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 17 million, and continues growing. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenos Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France, and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power.  with their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea, totaling about 5000 from Andea proper. In order to better support our ally Osea, we withdraw our alliances with Buenos Aires and Uruguay and declare them illegitamte nations. The capital is relocated to Buenos Noches, which stands at 20,000 people.  We Urge Osea to begin the reconquest of the rebellious regions in Buenos Aires.
    • Union of Upper Peru: Chimor and Collaquyimbaya, both prosperous under the Inca, have merged into one nation under the new nation Andea. the nation remains in a personal union with Andea, though they also adopt the Buenos Noches constitution and the Cuzco Codes. Military economy and navy improve. With a very small Spanish minority, few leave the area. Population stands at six million.
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation and Spainards leave the nation. In total, 10,000 Andean settlers arrive and 5000 Spaniards leave. Ties with Andea and South Chile deepen, with the Buenos Noches Constiution being adopted in the nation.
    • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come and Spainards go. In total, 5000 Andea settlers come and 2000 Spanish leave. Ties with Andea deepen.
    • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 30,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 50,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation
    • Kingdom of South Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 40,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 10,000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea and Chile deepen.
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once co-operated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate. Massive military buildup at a massive rate begins, including the navy.
  • In Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Industrialization is slowly happening. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Ital
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1780, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up. She dies in 1776, and parititions her estate between Franz-Hector, Joan, and Anne. A funeral is hosted by Queen Mary I. Princess Joan acts as chief mourner, living with her the majority of her life as well as suffering through imprisonment with her. The city councilmen and syndics of Augsburg convene at the Perlach Tower and hold a diet of their own. They basically discuss the future of the city, and many agree that the city should begin modernizing and expanding if it is to be an up-to-date legislative capital of Germany. The young under-chancellor of Augsburg, Marcel Neierman, declares that he will grant several plots of land to Swabian industrial companies in return for aiding in efforts to expand Augsburg. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In other news, Adolph Clemenz earns himself a spot on the Munich city council. In diplomatic news, Queen Mary I is troubled at the spread of the Greek-based Illuminati group, and regards them as a troublemaker organization. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political realism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular. In the diplomatic world, 1780 is a very important year. FIrst, concerning the French-New Austrian land dispute, diplomats are sent to Paris, New Vienna, and Katharinas-Hafen in order to resolve the issue. Several officials draw up a map, marking the new boundary between New Austria and Frane, and offer it to New Austrian and French officials to see if they approve. However, German diplomats make it clear that New Bavaria is the superior party and does not need consent from New Austria in order to make any decisions. A copy of the map is provided: Francenewaustria . In other important news, war breaks out between Hamburg and Rome in Borealia. Noticing the recent spin of events, Gregory Hartingen sends diplomats to broker peace. He advises the New Hamburgian colony to only cede part of New Hamburg, while granting all of Cherokee to Rome and paying for war reparations. The diplomats await response as the year drifts by. In cultural news, romanticism spreads further into Austria and Brandenburg, where people are captivated by nostalgia and a longing for the world of yore. Industrializations is rejected, and people cling to the virtues of the middle ages, which also includes a rejection of concepts such as the Bavarians Commands and Federalization.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1780, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 68%.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Tomas Bergman since 1777, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1782. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG)See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
    • Osea: The year of 1780 marks the 5th year of the Dictatorship of Dictator Macario. 1780 also marks the first year of the new decade. As such Dictator Macario adresses the people, "Oseans, this year of 1780 marks the first year of the decade, and our nation has come from a long way from our humble beginnings of various disunified scattered rebellions against our colonial oppressors. But now we are unified and free as a people, more prosperous than they could have ever dreamed. But now I propose to all of you how we can be even more propserous than we are now, beyond anyone's dreams. This dream can only be obtained through warfare, for us, Osea, the strong nation to conquer the weak nations surrounding us. For we have a moral duty to not only make our nation more glorious through the natural resources and heavenly port of Buenos Aires, but to also bring progress and strength to a backwards and weak nation. For what is ethical can be determined by what brings a net benefit to all, and invading Buenos Aires will not only be a net benefit to us but also a net benefit to them. Thus I call upon all the abled bodied young men of Osea to join the Osean Army, to bring glory and honor to Osea and strength and progress to Buenos Aires. And to those who cannot fight in the war, I urge alll of you to support our troops here at home. For we must be a united people in order to be strong, and united we shall remain through this war!" The Dictator's speech encourages many to fight and support the war, thus the Osean Army is mobilized. With it mobilized, Osea declares war on Buenos Aires with the casus belli of inserting political hegemony. Mil/Eco turn. (Meanwhile, Dictator Macario continues to centralize and Federate the nation.) 
    • The Inca aid the Osean nation
    • Osean Dip: We thank the Inca for their aid.
  • Lombardy: We continue rebuilding the nation after the recent war with Spain.The military is reformed from the foundation of units formed during the war, and trained to adequately defend the nation. This turn is officially dedicated to economy or military. We continue influencing Switzerland.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Military turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
  • Empire of Lanka: The government mostly focuses on economic expansion, infrastructural expansion, and westernization. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Lanka making the empire more westernized. Most of the army is equipped with Dutch/western weapons and many cannons given to them over the years. Most of the army also have Dutch military training, to learn Dutch/western tactics, and the troop numbers continues to go up. The most recent census taken in 1739 accounts for 1.059.604 Lankan citizens (on the island and abroad). Trade posts continue to be built throughout the empire. After One-Hundred and Thirteen Years and a few emperors, the new capital of Waardige (OTL Colombo) is finally declared to be complete. The city's main influence is the Dutch capital of Amsterdam. Waardige (Worthy in Dutch) contains many canals similar to, but less superior to those in Amsterdam. The new capital has a major port and borders the River of Kelani. Other features of the city are a large fort (for Dutch and Lanka troops), a new palace for the Emperor, and the University of Lanka. The capital is officially moved to the new location. The Kust Weg continues to be used; mostly for military reasons. Dutch reformist continues to be sampled by a small percentage of the population with some converting, while others practice parts of both. Ranjit's previous education reform continues to be enforced. With new income from Madras, Senerat continues to update the navy with warships from the Dutch. There continue to be small incidences and disputes erupting throughout the empire between religious and cultural minorities. Relations continue to be improved with the nations of Urdustan, Ayutthaya, and the Sun Empire. Senerat continues his program of inviting Dutch scholars to the nation, especially to teach at the University. The new law code of Lanka is successfully enforced. Although there are some small uprisings. Madras continues to be part of the Empire. Senerat's new provincial tax system seems to be somewhat successful by increasing tax income, but it angers and increases inequality between the poor and cultural minorities (like the Tamil). The Council of the Emperor (early parliament) seems to be somewhat ineffective as it does not have many official powers over the king. With an official university in Lanka finally created, scholars are invited from Europe to teach sciences and arts. The main focus of the university is in the fields of Astronomy, Mathematics, Chemistry. Senerat asks for scholars from Pskov, Netherlands, Germany, and the Roman Empire. Early waves of industrialization began to fall upon Lanka. The first air furnace is developed and used in Lanka. Developments in agriculture have been made as fertilizers and rest years are introduced increasing production and wealth in Lanka. Another development is the advancement of chemistry in the University of Lanka.
    • TO MODS (PLEASE RESPOND): I was wondering if the Industrial map will/is planned on being updated. I've asked mods about my situation (a protectorate for one-hundred ninety-nine years), and they have said that I am mostly modernized, but not completely up to date with Europe. Due to being a protectorate and modernization efforts, I believe that I should have some technologic and industrial expanses over other larger and less European Asian nations. So I am asking mod permission for Lanka to maybe be ugraded to Yellow (more plausible) or orange industrialization.
    • Pskov University: The Pskov University hears the plea of Lanka, and sends two of its foremost scholars, Alexander Pavlyukov, a chemist, and Lev Daniilov, a mathematician to help foster education and have friendly trade relations with Lanka
    • The Nizhegorodsk University: The Nizhegodosk University (a port city in Pskov and a staunch rival to the university of Pskov) pledges two additional scholars, a physicist named Nikita Gorkov, and a literary expert named Vasili Glubinskiy.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. To legitimize its position even further, after the death of Partiarch Tikhon this year, a new one, Patriarch Adrian, at this point being the Bishop of Pskov, is elected the head of the Russian Orthodox church, and swiftly after his election choses to relocate the see of Russian Orthodoxy to the cathedral of Christ the Savior in Pskov.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian Government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable number of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.
  • Tartary: The nation experiences a brief increase in Siberian expansion this year, led by the agricultural peoples of the Volga or the emigrant Turks, as well as a wave of Sakha and Ket expansion along the main rivers. Much of the northern half of the Yenisey and Lena rivers is already in Tatar hands, while the Ob is entirely under control of the Emperor. We continue exploring and expanding east. The military also begins to be modernised. This turn is dedicated to economic expansion.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to economic. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St. Patriksburg is expanded, with a large kremlin and port being constructed.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year. The University of Makekon is set up.

1781

Hindu riots continue in Hindustan, and begin to build up in strength.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg expand its infrastructure, and its subjects expand their militaries. With Roman forces withdrawing following a deal brokered by Bavaria, Hamburgs forces concentrate against Scandy armies, and gathers its armies for reinforcement.
  • The deal affects all of us, since the North American colonies were the only concern, none of us remain at war, unless there is something else I am missing. -MP
    • that I didn't realize, my mistake
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy, developing a navy of 100 ships. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. War with Japan comes to an end, with a tactical victory secured by Japan. Despite a much greater loss of soldiers and ships, the people rejoice for having secured their sovereignity and independence in face of Japanese aggression. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. Lanzhou, Shijuazuang, Hebei and Shangjing are all integrated into a single province known as the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, trade with the Japanese ports of Yantai and Qingdao comes to a complete halt.  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Uighur people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. Islam is allowed to flourish in Uighur Khanate and no interference is made in the religious matters for fear of the Uighur people rebelling. A major mosque is also constructed to please the Uighur for helping to crush the uprising in Lanzhou. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Mongol Khanate: Prince Dorgon Borgon Rimping introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion. The Kievan Rus begin the expansion of the military.
  • Tartary: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Farming is our biggest industry. We continue to use steam power, mostly on our farms and in our factories. We continue to build up our cities. We expand 1000 xp north east.
    • Principality of Perm (formerly Great Perm): We build up our military and economy. 
    • Principality of Chernihiv: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy. 
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • ​Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Empire of Lanka: The government mostly focuses on economic expansion, infrastructural expansion, and westernization. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Lanka making the empire more westernized. The army continues to be equipped with mostly up-to-date Dutch/Western muskets and rifles. The army also has many cannons received from the Dutch. The Lankan army continues to be trained in Dutch tactics and warfare. The troop count also continues to increase. The most recent census taken in 1739 accounts for 1,059,604 Lankan citizens. Trade posts continue to be built throughout the empire. Administration is successfully moved to Waardige as well as many nobles owning plantations and houses in and around the city. The new city increases Lanka's power in Asia, making Lanka a major trade, technological, and industrial center. The Waardige canals fit a major population into the capital, increasing the number of traders at the port. The Kust Weg continues to be used; mostly for military reasons. Dutch reformist continues to be sampled by a small percentage of the population with some converting, while others practice parts of both. Ranjit's previous education reform continues to be enforced. With new income from Madras, Senerat continues to update the navy with warships from the Dutch. There continue to be small incidences and disputes erupting throughout the empire between religious and cultural minorities. Relations continue to be improved with the nations of Urdustan, Ayutthaya, and the Sun Empire. The new law code of Lanka is successfully enforced. Although there are some small uprisings, Madras continues to be part of the Empire. Senerat's new provincial tax system seems to be somewhat successful by increasing tax income, but it angers and increases inequality between the poor and cultural minorities (like the Tamil). The Council of the Emperor (early parliament) seems to be somewhat ineffective as it does not have many official powers over the king. The scholars Alexander Pavlyukov, Lev Daniilov, Nikita Gorkov, and Vasili Glubinskiy are all welcomed to Lanka and treated with great hospitality. They are immediately put at teaching classes at the University in their respective fields. A training program is also made to replicate the scholars' knowledge in native Lankans. The main focuses of the university continue to be Astronomy, Mathematics, and Chemistry. Senerat asks for scholars from the Netherlands, Germany, and the Roman Empire. Early waves of industrialization began to fall upon Lanka. The first air furnace is developed and used in Lanka. Developments in agriculture have been made as fertilizers and rest years are introduced increasing production and wealth in Lanka. Another development is the advancement of chemistry in the University of Lanka (especially with Alexander Pavlyukov).
    • TO MODS (PLEASE RESPOND): I was wondering if the Industrial map will/is planned on being updated. I've asked mods about my situation (a protectorate for one-hundred ninety-nine years), and they have said that I am mostly modernized, but not completely up to date with Europe. Due to being a protectorate and modernization efforts, I believe that I should have some technologic and industrial expanses over other larger and less European Asian nations. So I am asking mod permission for Lanka to maybe be ugraded to Yellow (more plausible) or orange industrialization.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: Upon receiving news of our ally's distress, the Regency Council sends troops and aid to assist the Hamburgers against the rapacious Romans, and calls upon fellow HRE nations Westphalia and Rhineland to do the same. 
  • Wu: While the war assembles in Chu, we gather to pick a industry. The farming status is pretty green. As no usual reports going on either.
    • Min: Economy and military improved. 
    • Yue: Economy and military improved. No reports going on either. 
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once co-operated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In falcon venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. We encounter a border dispute with New Austria as they have expanded in areas which were reserved for the French colonists. We ask that they retract from the area or war will be declared.
    • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current prussian and Polish government
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
    • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • Tartary: The nation experiences a brief increase in Siberian expansion this year, led by the agricultural peoples of the Volga or the emigrant Turks, as well as a wave of Sakha and Ket expansion along the main rivers. Much of the northern half of the Yenisey and Lena rivers is already in Tatar hands, while the Ob is entirely under control of the Emperor. We continue exploring and expanding east. The military also begins to be modernised. This turn is dedicated to economic expansion.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to economic. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St. Patriksburg is expanded, with a large kremlin and port being constructed.
  • Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 17 million, and continues growing. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenos Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France, and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power.  with their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea, totaling about 5000 from Andea proper. In order to better support our ally Osea, we withdraw our alliances with Buenos Aires and Uruguay and declare them illegitimate nations. The capital is relocated to Buenos Noches, which stands at 20,000 people War continues in buenos Aires.
    • Union of Upper Peru: Chimor and Collaquyimbaya, both prosperous under the Inca, have merged into one nation under the new nation Andea. the nation remains in a personal union with Andea, though they also adopt the Buenos Noches constitution and the Cuzco Codes. Military economy and navy improve. With a very small Spanish minority, few leave the area. Population stands at six million.
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation and Spainards leave the nation. In total, 10,000 Andean settlers arrive and 5000 Spaniards leave. Ties with Andea and South Chile deepen, with the Buenos Noches Constiution being adopted in the nation.
    • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come and Spainards go. In total, 5000 Andea settlers come and 2000 Spanish leave. Ties with Andea deepen.
    • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 30,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 50,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea deepen.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at three million, mostly Andean settlers who relocated for the cheap land. Ties between Andea and Vorlayacor deepen,as the Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. The Andean Government also projects the idea that the only way to stop assimilation from occurring is for the Mapuche and Andeans to remain united.
    •  Kingdom of South Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 40,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 10,000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea and Chile deepen.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
  • In Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Industrialization is slowly happening. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alleigance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing. War is declared on native states as part of Rome's campaign to solidfy its control over the remainind areas of its colonies. The former Cherokee section is integrated into the Reman provinces as would any land, and while the Cherokee chief still gets some control, he is fiercly repremanded for the betrayal of his ancestor.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year. The University of Makekon is set up.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1780, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up. She dies in 1776, and parititions her estate between Franz-Hector, Joan, and Anne. A funeral is hosted by Queen Mary I. Princess Joan acts as chief mourner, living with her the majority of her life as well as suffering through imprisonment with her. The city councilmen and syndics of Augsburg convene at the Perlach Tower and hold a diet of their own. They basically discuss the future of the city, and many agree that the city should begin modernizing and expanding if it is to be an up-to-date legislative capital of Germany. The young under-chancellor of Augsburg, Marcel Neierman, declares that he will grant several plots of land to Swabian industrial companies in return for aiding in efforts to expand Augsburg. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In other news, Adolph Clemenz earns himself a spot on the Munich city council. In diplomatic news, Queen Mary I is troubled at the spread of the Greek-based Illuminati group, and regards them as a troublemaker organization. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political realism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular. Gregory Hartingen is glad to notice that the situation between Rome and Hamburg is resolved. In other news, Adolph Clemenz continues to work as a Munich councilman. Marcel Neierman similarly works as an under-chancellor of Augsburg, and many rumors fly that Queen Mary I may give him a job in her new executive council. In cultural news, romanticism infiltrates many of the facets of common Bavarian life. Many want a return to the days of yore, where chivalry ruled the day. Many officials stress that a pragmatic approach to government and people is the only logicla way to operate, and fixations on imagination, chivarly, boldness, and romance only led to cultural lag. Many philosophers studying romanticism reject this mode of thought and claim that decadence has been ruling Germany since the dawn of the fifteenth century. These same thinkers continue to call for full voting rights for the landowning, preferably male, population of all of Germany. In other news, the year progressess peacefully.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1780, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 68%.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Tomas Bergman since 1777, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1782. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG)See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
    • Osea: The year 1781 marks the sixth year of dictatorship of Dictator Macario. It also marks the second year of the Osean invasion of Buenos Aires, which is going extremely well as a result of our superior economy, infrastructure, and military. The lack of economic development is surprising to Dictator Macario, and he says that once Buenos Aires is conquered by Osea, there shall be an economic golden age for both Osea and Buenos Aires. The victories in Buenos Aires increase morale in the soldiers in Buenos AIres and the civilians back home, which results in military and infrastructure build up.
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of Common Law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.

1782

The religious issues in Urdustan (aka Hindustan) culminate in Vijaynagara, where the people, led by Sriranga I of the Aravidu Dynasty declare the Vijaynagara Rajya, a free Hindu nation that shall not succumb to Muslims.

Reacting to the revolt of their eternal rivals, the highly traditional Bahmani people attempt to fight a war against the Vijaynagara independently from the Urdustani. They are led by Ibrahim Adil Shah, who leads the Bahmani people to revolt from Urdustan, creating what is shall become commonly known as the Deccan Sultanate.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg expands its infrastructure, and it' subjects expand their economies. This year, Hamburgs presence in the Cherokee nation is withdrawn as part of the Treaty of Munich. However, Hamburgian diplomats reject Scandinavia's additions to the treaty, citing them as aggressive and unagreeable.
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy, developing a navy of 100 ships. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. War with Japan comes to an end, with a tactical victory secured by Japan. Despite a much greater loss of soldiers and ships, the people rejoice for having secured their sovereignity and independence in face of Japanese aggression. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. Lanzhou, Shijuazuang, Hebei and Shangjing are all integrated into a single province known as the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, trade with the Japanese ports of Yantai and Qingdao comes to a complete halt.  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Uighur people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. Islam is allowed to flourish in Uighur Khanate and no interference is made in the religious matters for fear of the Uighur people rebelling. A major mosque is also constructed to please the Uighur for helping to crush the uprising in Lanzhou. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Mongol Khanate: Prince Dorgon Borgon Rimping introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes.
  • '​'Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Tartary: The nation experiences a brief increase in Siberian expansion this year, led by the agricultural peoples of the Volga or the emigrant Turks, as well as a wave of Sakha and Ket expansion along the main rivers. Much of the northern half of the Yenisey and Lena rivers is already in Tatar hands, while the Ob is entirely under control of the Emperor. We continue exploring and expanding east. The military also begins to be modernised. This turn is dedicated to economic expansion.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to economic. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St. Patriksburg is expanded, with a large kremlin and port being constructed.
  • Osea: The year 1782 marks the seventh year of dictatorship of Dictator Macario. It also marks the third year of war of the Invasion of Buenos Aires. Victories continue to be won, morale continues to be increased among the troops and at home, which results in the continuation of military and infrastructure build up.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In falcon venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. We encounter a border dispute with New Austria as they have expanded in areas which were reserved for the French colonists. We ask that they retract from the area or war will be declared.
    • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current prussian and Polish government
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
    • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • Flag of Thailand (Ayutthaya period)Ayutthaya: The Ruler's primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Dutch is used to make stronger and more effective ships. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up to date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow at a substansial rate and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is build in rural areas and trade routes are grown. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy. We cut all relations with other nations other than the Dutch to start with a fresh slate with the surrounding nations.
  • Wu: Gaining more troops on its way to invade Chu to become Wu a third vassal. We mobilize our army and siege weapons. As Government pushes to a great start of Wu Union.
    • Yue: Increasingly, more temples being built in Yue. According to the National Museum to be built, it would be planned to it.
    • Min: Min's peoples encouraging about outposts and bunkers for a great defence of others. The Government hasn't reached yet to build some outposts and bunkers in Min. Which means it'll take a plan and pending its structure.
  • Tartary: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Farming is our biggest industry. We continue to use steam power, mostly on our farms and in our factories. We continue to build up our cities. We expand 1000 xp north east. The king marries a lovely lady of the name Sophia.
    • Principality of Perm (formerly Great Perm): We build up our military and economy. 
    • Principality of Chernihiv: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy. 
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion. The Kievan Rus begin the expansion of the military.
  • In Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Industrialization is slowly happening. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 17 million, and continues growing. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenos Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France, and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power.  with their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea, totaling about 5000 from Andea proper. In order to better support our ally Osea, we withdraw our alliances with Buenos Aires and Uruguay and declare them illegitimate nations. The capital is relocated to Buenos Noches, which stands at 20,000 people War continues in buenos Aires.
    • Union of Upper Peru: Chimor and Collaquyimbaya, both prosperous under the Inca, have merged into one nation under the new nation Andea. the nation remains in a personal union with Andea, though they also adopt the Buenos Noches constitution and the Cuzco Codes. Military economy and navy improve. With a very small Spanish minority, few leave the area. Population stands at six million.
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation and Spainards leave the nation. In total, 10,000 Andean settlers arrive and 5000 Spaniards leave. Ties with Andea and South Chile deepen, with the Buenos Noches Constiution being adopted in the nation.
    • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come and Spainards go. In total, 5000 Andea settlers come and 2000 Spanish leave. Ties with Andea deepen.
    • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 30,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 50,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastrucutre. Population stands at three million, mostly Andean settlers who relocated for the cheap land. Ties between Andea and Vorlayacor deepen as the Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. The Andean Government also projects the idea that the only way to stop assimilation from occurring is for the Mapuche and Andeans to remain united.
    •  Kingdom of South Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 40,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 10,000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea and Chile deepen.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Military turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: Although the war against Hamburg seems to be at an end, the troops and other assistance mobilised last year remains at the disposal of Hamburg. In other news, the military scientists at the University of Osnabruck make a breakthrough with their multi-round gun designs. rather than being gunpowder-powered, the musket will be air-powered, making it much easier for multiple rounds to be fired before reloading. However, the plans are still in the drawing stage, and it will be at least two more years before the first working prototype will be produced. The navy has also been experimenting, and a sloop with a copper-sheathed hull is launched late this year. It is predicted that the copper plating will make it harder for seagrass and seaweed to grow on the hull, making the ship faster and more durable. 
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alleigance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing. War is declared on native states as part of Rome's campaign to solidfy its control over the remainind areas of its colonies. The former Cherokee section is integrated into the Reman provinces as would any land, and while the Cherokee chief still gets some control, he is fiercly repremanded for the betrayal of his ancestor.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year. The University of Makekon is set up.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1782, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up. She dies in 1776, and parititions her estate between Franz-Hector, Joan, and Anne. A funeral is hosted by Queen Mary I. Princess Joan acts as chief mourner, living with her the majority of her life as well as suffering through imprisonment with her. The city councilmen and syndics of Augsburg convene at the Perlach Tower and hold a diet of their own. They basically discuss the future of the city, and many agree that the city should begin modernizing and expanding if it is to be an up-to-date legislative capital of Germany. The young under-chancellor of Augsburg, Marcel Neierman, declares that he will grant several plots of land to Swabian industrial companies in return for aiding in efforts to expand Augsburg. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In other news, Adolph Clemenz earns himself a spot on the Munich city council. In diplomatic news, Queen Mary I is troubled at the spread of the Greek-based Illuminati group, and regards them as a troublemaker organization. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political realism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular. In political news, Gregory Hartingen remains Präsident, however he begins suffering from a dropping approval rating in the Diet, particularly due to the quick spread of romanticism among parliamentarians. In general, romanticism continues to spread in Germany, finally breaking its Bavarian confines and spreading to Berlin, Vienna, and Venice. Many wealthy, but un-noble men (mostly bankers, merchants, mayors, elite farmers. A.k.a the gentry) continue to call for the full suffrage of the landowning male population. A few consider adopting the old voting rights of the English parliament, where a man had to pay a certain fee to become enfranchised. It is this idea that catches on: A landed gentry member must be enfranchised if he pays a small fee. In other news, Adolph Clemenz dominates the burghers of Munich and effectively becomes the leader of the city, handling tariffs, customs, infrastructure, and various services. He certainly catches the eye of the Deutsche Diet, but the attention of Mary I as well. Speaking of which, Mary I officially grants Marcel Neierman a seat on her revamped privy council, which now consists of several talented administrators, financiers, diplomats, and generals. Neierman is initially tutored by his new colleagues, but by the end of the year, he occupies one of the integral seats in the Queen's cabinet, that of the Minister of Diplomacy. In interesting news, Queen Mary I issues several royal proclamations declaring her support for gentry suffrage, and strongly sympathizes with the romanticist movement. Many prime romanticist see her support as only political and do not consider her a "true" romanticist.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1780, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 68%.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Tomas Bergman since 1777, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1787. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Tomas Bergman is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1782.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG)See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the amount of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. To legitimize its position even further, after the death of Partiarch Tikhon this year, a new one, Patriarch Adrian, at this point being the Bishop of Pskov, is elected the head of the Russian Orthodox church, and swiftly after his election choses to relocate the see of Russian Orthodoxy to the cathedral of Christ the Savior in Pskov.***The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian Government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable number of people stay, the government promising relief.
      • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
      • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
      • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
      • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase

1783

The situation continues to worsen in Hindustan.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg expands its infrastructure, and its subjects expand their militaries. The military remains mobilized as Scandinavia's response to Hamburg's rejection is waited for. In other news, Hamburg asks to view examples of Oldenburgs multi-shot muskets.
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy, developing a navy of 100 ships. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. War with Japan comes to an end, with a tactical victory secured by Japan. Despite a much greater loss of soldiers and ships, the people rejoice for having secured their sovereignity and independence in face of Japanese aggression. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. Lanzhou, Shijuazuang, Hebei and Shangjing are all integrated into a single province known as the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, trade with the Japanese ports of Yantai and Qingdao comes to a complete halt.  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Uighur people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. Islam is allowed to flourish in Uighur Khanate and no interference is made in the religious matters for fear of the Uighur people rebelling. A major mosque is also constructed to please the Uighur for helping to crush the uprising in Lanzhou. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Mongol Khanate: Prince Dorgon Borgon Rimping introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion. The Kievan Rus continue the expansion of the military.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Tartary: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Farming is our biggest industry. We continue to use steam power, mostly on our farms and in our factories. We continue to build up our cities. We expand 1000 xp north east. The king's first son is born. His name is Burak
    • Principality of Perm (formerly Great Perm): We build up our military and economy. 
    • Principality of Chernihiv: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy. 
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Flag of Thailand (Ayutthaya period)Ayutthaya: The Ruler's primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Dutch is used to make stronger and more effective ships. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up to date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow at a substansial rate and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is build in rural areas and trade routes are grown. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy. We cut all relations with other nations other than the Dutch to start with a fresh slate with the surrounding nations.
  • Wu: The Government admits a really likely temples built up. Wu expands 200 xp north west. As the clue of war with Chu, the battle still continues.
    • Min: The bunkers are built up. However there some others of Chinese temples bult up, also for Buddhists.
    • Yue: Yue joins the war in Battle of Chu. Yue Troops will help them to secure Wu a third vassal and become them as manually a good power.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: Troops remain at Hamburg's disposal if needs be. Research continues into the multi-round musket, with solid advances being made. Trade increases with neighbours and the colonies, boosting the economy. The Pince-Bishop of Osnabruck dies, and is succeeded by one of his assistant bishops. This replacement also succeeds to the Prince-Bishop's seat in the five-man Regency Council as de facto president of the council. 
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alleigance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing. War is declared on native states as part of Rome's campaign to solidfy its control over the remainind areas of its colonies. The former Cherokee section is integrated into the Reman provinces as would any land, and while the Cherokee chief still gets some control, he is fiercly repremanded for the betrayal of his ancestor.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Industrialization is slowly happening. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1782, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up. She dies in 1776, and parititions her estate between Franz-Hector, Joan, and Anne. A funeral is hosted by Queen Mary I. Princess Joan acts as chief mourner, living with her the majority of her life as well as suffering through imprisonment with her. The city councilmen and syndics of Augsburg convene at the Perlach Tower and hold a diet of their own. They basically discuss the future of the city, and many agree that the city should begin modernizing and expanding if it is to be an up-to-date legislative capital of Germany. The young under-chancellor of Augsburg, Marcel Neierman, declares that he will grant several plots of land to Swabian industrial companies in return for aiding in efforts to expand Augsburg. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In other news, Adolph Clemenz earns himself a spot on the Munich city council. In diplomatic news, Queen Mary I is troubled at the spread of the Greek-based Illuminati group, and regards them as a troublemaker organization. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political realism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular. In political news, Gregory Hartingen remains Präsident, however he begins suffering from a dropping approval rating in the Diet, particularly due to the quick spread of romanticism among parliamentarians. In general, romanticism continues to spread in Germany, finally breaking its Bavarian confines and spreading to Berlin, Vienna, and Venice. Many wealthy, but un-noble men (mostly bankers, merchants, mayors, elite farmers. A.k.a the gentry) continue to call for the full suffrage of the landowning male population. A few consider adopting the old voting rights of the English parliament, where a man had to pay a certain fee to become enfranchised. It is this idea that catches on: A landed gentry member must be enfranchised if he pays a small fee. In other news, Adolph Clemenz dominates the burghers of Munich and effectively becomes the leader of the city, handling tariffs, customs, infrastructure, and various services. He certainly catches the eye of the Deutsche Diet, but the attention of Mary I as well. Speaking of which, Mary I officially grants Marcel Neierman a seat on her revamped privy council, which now consists of several talented administrators, financiers, diplomats, and generals. Neierman is initially tutored by his new colleagues, but by the end of the year, he occupies one of the integral seats in the Queen's cabinet, that of the Minister of Diplomacy. In interesting news, Queen Mary I issues several royal proclamations declaring her support for gentry suffrage, and strongly sympathizes with the romanticist movement. Many prime romanticist see her support as only political and do not consider her a "true" romanticist.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1780, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 68%.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Tomas Bergman since 1777, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1787. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Tomas Bergman is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1782.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG)See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year. The University of Makekon is set up.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. To legitimize its position even further, after the death of Partiarch Tikhon this year, a new one, Patriarch Adrian, at this point being the Bishop of Pskov, is elected the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, and swiftly after his election choses to relocate the see of Russian Orthodoxy to the cathedral of Christ the Savior in Pskov.***The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian Government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable number of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase


  • Osea: The year 1783 marks the eighth year of the dictatorship of Dictator Macario as well as the fourth and final year of the Invasion of Buenos Aires. After four years of war, Osea is victorious, and we annex Buenos Aires. As a result of our glorious victory,  the capital is moved to Buenos Aires, and a huge parade takes place there, where Dictator Macario makes a speech. “Oseans, today we are victorious over the enemy, conquering them through our strength and our faithful allies, the Incas, and for that we thank them dearly. With us conquering Buenos Aires, the beautiful city of Buenos Aires is now our capital. Let us make this city the center of not only economic, industry, and military might, but also a city of ideas, where art, philosophy, science, and engineering can blossom, let this be the best city in the New World.  For this is a majestic port city, and here we will receive goods and money that will make our economy strong. With that money we will make more factories in Buenos Aires, strengthening industry, and from those factories we shall produce the refined materials necessary to build roads, canals, and with these improvements to infrastructure our economy will grow even stronger, enough to build more houses, schools and hospitals, to live, to learn and to continue living. These houses, schools, and hospitals shall result in new advancements in technology, and we will be the center of scientific discovery, improving the economy even further, which will be used to help those in need. For when those who need to be helped are helped, there is a great feeling inside, a feeling that you have improved someone else’s life for the betterment of another person, and your nation overall, and if we share this attitude among this Buenos Aires shall be the best city  in the New World, and Osea shall be the best nation in the New World. And in the New World there shall be New ideas, and a New Era shall dawn, a new era of power and progress, a new era of light and ideas, and new era of peace and prosperity. In order for peace to happen, there has to be more war, however,  this time against Uruguay, to secure our power and progress and to share our strength with weak Uruguay, for it is our moral duty as a strong nation to help weaker nations, and the most effective way for us to help Uruguay is by declaring war on it, thus I declare war on Uruguay today. Not only will war with Uruguay make it stronger once we have conquered it, but it will also make us stronger, and since Uruguay will be a part of us, it will be stronger too. Not only will declaring war on Uruguay will make us stronger, but centralizing Osea will make us stronger, so I shall centralize Osea today, and make Osea even greater.” The crowd cheers and there is a huge morale boost in Osea as a result of the victory and speech, causing infrastructure production to skyrocket. The plan to use the money from the port city of Buenos Aires to build up industry and infrastructure is put in place. Military and infrastructure turn.

1784

Unspecified mod events go here.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg expands its infrastructure, and its subjects expand their economies. New Mecklenburg in Australia expands by 750 px. After several year of inactivity from the Scandies, several European divisions stand down, though the troops of those divisions are made clear to be ready to return at a moments notice should hostilities break out. A difference is in New Rugia, where units of the conventional army, the navy and the elite Maori Corps remain on guard.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion. The Kievan Rus continue the expansion of the military, which includes plenty of seige weaponry.
  • Wu: Chu still not ours, we're trying to do it and mobilize our troops to attack Chu and siege weapons as soon as possible.
    • Yue: The chance of destroying Chu still in sight. Some troops will be appeared in Battle of Chu. As our war needs to be finished.
    • Min: Temples are built across the nation, which could help the civilians live togheter. The war of Chu seems to be unfinished, as the information awaits further.


  • Tartary: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Farming is our biggest industry. We continue to use steam power, mostly on our farms and in our factories. We continue to build up our cities. We continue to expand our borders 1000 xp north east.
    • Principality of Perm (formerly Great Perm): We build up our military and economy. 
    • Principality of Chernihiv: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy. 
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 17 million, and continues growing. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenos Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France, and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power.  with their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea, totaling about 5000 from Andea proper. In order to better support our ally Osea, we withdraw our alliances with Buenos Aires and Uruguay and declare them illegitimate nations. The capital is relocated to Buenos Noches, which stands at 20,000 people War continues in buenos Aires.
    • Union of Upper Peru: Chimor and Collaquyimbaya, both prosperous under the Inca, have merged into one nation under the new nation Andea. the nation remains in a personal union with Andea, though they also adopt the Buenos Noches constitution and the Cuzco Codes. Military economy and navy improve. With a very small Spanish minority, few leave the area. Population stands at six million.
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation and Spainards leave the nation. In total, 10,000 Andean settlers arrive and 5000 Spaniards leave. Ties with Andea and South Chile deepen, with the Buenos Noches Constiution being adopted in the nation.
    • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come and Spainards go. In total, 5000 Andea settlers come and 2000 Spanish leave. Ties with Andea deepen.
    • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 30,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 50,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at three million, mostly Andean settlers who relocated for the cheap land. Ties between Andea and Vorlayacor deepen,as the Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can [[Click to Continue > by Info|trade]] and work with them, they must remain separate. The Andean Government also projects the idea that the only way to stop assimilation from occurring is for the Mapuche and Andeans to remain united.
    •  Kingdom of South Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 40,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 10,000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea and Chile deepen.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Military turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
  • In Aragon the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Industrialization is slowly happening. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India Trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with Payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: the economy improves through trade. Troops remain at Hamburg's disposal if required. A large amount of Faustian is purchased from Westphalia for army uniforms.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alleigance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing. War is declared on native states as part of Rome's campaign to solidfy its control over the remainind areas of its colonies. The former Cherokee section is integrated into the Reman provinces as would any land, and while the Cherokee chief still gets some control, he is fiercly repremanded for the betrayal of his ancestor.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
    • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In falcon venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. We encounter a border dispute with New Austria as they have expanded in areas which were reserved for the French colonists. We ask that they retract from the area or war will be declared.
        • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
        • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
        • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
        • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
        • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
        • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
        • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
        • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current prussian and Polish government
        • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
        • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year. The University of Makekon is set up.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. To legitimize its position even further, after the death of Partiarch Tikhon this year, a new one, Patriarch Adrian, at this point being the Bishop of Pskov, is elected the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, and swiftly after his election choses to relocate the see of Russian Orthodoxy to the cathedral of Christ the Savior in Pskov.***The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian Government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable number of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1784, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up. She dies in 1776, and parititions her estate between Franz-Hector, Joan, and Anne. A funeral is hosted by Queen Mary I. Princess Joan acts as chief mourner, living with her the majority of her life as well as suffering through imprisonment with her. The city councilmen and syndics of Augsburg convene at the Perlach Tower and hold a diet of their own. They basically discuss the future of the city, and many agree that the city should begin modernizing and expanding if it is to be an up-to-date legislative capital of Germany. The young under-chancellor of Augsburg, Marcel Neierman, declares that he will grant several plots of land to Swabian industrial companies in return for aiding in efforts to expand Augsburg. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In other news, Adolph Clemenz earns himself a spot on the Munich city council. In diplomatic news, Queen Mary I is troubled at the spread of the Greek-based Illuminati group, and regards them as a troublemaker organization. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political realism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular. In political news, Gregory Hartingen remains Präsident, however he begins suffering from a dropping approval rating in the Diet, particularly due to the quick spread of romanticism among parliamentarians. In general, romanticism continues to spread in Germany, finally breaking its Bavarian confines and spreading to Berlin, Vienna, and Venice. Many wealthy, but un-noble men (mostly bankers, merchants, mayors, elite farmers, a.k.a: the gentry) continue to call for the full suffrage of the landowning male population. A few consider adopting the old voting rights of the English parliament, where a man had to pay a certain fee to become enfranchised. It is this idea that catches on: A landed gentry member must be enfranchised if he pays a small fee. In other news, Adolph Clemenz dominates the burghers of Munich and effectively becomes the leader of the city, handling tariffs, customs, infrastructure, and various services. He certainly catches the eye of the Deutsche Diet, but the attention of Mary I as well. Mary I continues to run her executive cabinet, with Marcel Neierman running a good portion of state diplomacy and internal affairs. Simultaneously, Romanticism makes a huge jump in prevalence when a small group of parliamentarians in the Diet from the Romantic Union. Rutiger Kraftandadt, Baron of Linz, becomes the leader of this group, and espouses views similar to common romanticist dogma. These include a rejection of federalization and Bavarian dominance, extending to a repudiation of the somewhat woman-friendly Bavarian Commands. More broadly, Kraftandadt's views celebrate imagination, indiviuality, and chivalry. In a Diet session, he delivers a fiery address, calling for the return of the "man's world", and a realm governed by "kings and princes and knights". Kraftandadt also called for the preservation of Austrian, Saxon, Wurzburger, Swabian, Brandenburger, and Pomeranian cultures, stating that they are under threat from Bavarian dominance. After his speech, the Romantic Union grows in power, but not before a reactionary force, headed by President Hartingen, espouses their own views as well, pointing to the postives of a modern, pragmatic, liberalized rule. In any case, Queen Mary I reconsiders her support of romanticism after Kraftanstadt essentially insulted her rule as a woman monarch. Marcel Neierman advises her to appeal to more moderate Romanticists in government, particularly those who are more interested in universal gentry suffrage rather than a return to a chivalrous, manly days of yore. She accepts his advise and issues several royal decrees, pressing her parliamentarians to immediately legalize universal suffrage by way of property ownership. She also commands that a one-time voting fee must be paid by these men in order for them to vote. Among other news, Mary upholds the ideas of the Bavarian Commands, federalization, and national unity. In perhaps the most radical words ever written by a Bavarian or German monarch, Mary I writes, "Concerning the Bavarian Commands, instituted two-hundred and ninety-three years ago at the height of what our certain parliamentarians consider the height of the chivalrous age of man, the rights of inheritance of women were clearly defined and have since been upheld. Furthermore, our right to rule (not as wife, but as "king") as a member of the female sex in this country is secured by these passages. Upholding these Commands is our paramount duty, and it has been such for every Queen and King preceding us, where the health and vigor of the Bavarian and now German Realm has rested safely in their God-ordained palms, as it rests in ours now." The Diet mostly ignores her commands, but surprisingly, the commoners of Germany embrace her commands entirely, greatly improving Mary's popularity. Many begin calling her orders the New Bavarian Commands or the Marian Commands and several scholars and officials see it as the one of the most important legal doctrines of the century.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1780, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 68%.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Tomas Bergman since 1777, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1787. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Tomas Bergman is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1782.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG)See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.

1785

The chaos enveloping Hindustan increasingly becomes worse. In Burma, conservative Buddhist nobles from the Konbaung dynasty break off from the Hindustani Empire and establish the Burmese Empire, although at present much of the region is in disarray and imperial authority is not complete.

A drought occurs in OTL Hispaniola.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg expands its infrastructure, and it's subjects expand their militaries. New Mecklenburg in Australia expands by 750px. In New Rugia, the Maori who did not accept Hamburgs previous offer of citizenship are give another offer. Like the first one, all who accept will become Hamburg citizens, with all the rights and privileges as such. Those who accept will also have their lands, beliefs, and tribal customs continue and recognized under Hamburg. (Mod response please.) In response to Scandinavias decision to continue war after the treaty of Munich, Hamburg declares war and recalls recently demobilized units. Hamburgs colonies are put on high alert, and the East Asian colonies and protectorates send support to New Rugia. Meanwhile, Hamburgs mainland continental territories concentrate their forces, Hamburgs allies, including Bavaria and the Holy Roman states, are called to arms
    • Many accept, although there have been people disagreeging, which will probably lead to future issues.
    • CUG Dip: The Crown-Union of Germany, with all members supportive, honors the call of Hamburg and joins the war against Scandinavia.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In falcon venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. We encounter a border dispute with New Austria as they have expanded in areas which were reserved for the French colonists. We ask that they retract from the area or war will be declared.
    • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current prussian and Polish government
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
    • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Tartary: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Farming is our biggest industry. We continue to use steam power, mostly on our farms and in our factories. We continue to build up our cities. We continue to expand our borders 1000 xp north east.
    • Principality of Perm (formerly Great Perm): We build up our military and economy. 
    • Principality of Chernihiv: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy. 
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus declare war on the Vlachians after the Vlachian Ambassador insults the Kievan Rus during a territorial dispute. The newly-built seige equipment is mobilized along with the military.
  • [1]Ayutthaya: The Ruler's primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Dutch is used to make stronger and more effective ships. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up to date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow at a substansial rate and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is build in rural areas and trade routes are grown. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy. We cut all relations with other nations other than the Dutch to start with a fresh slate with the surrounding nations.
  • Wu: Wu forces still appearing to Chu to join them in battle of Chu, which it could gain more people to try them collapse.
    • Min: While the war with Chu still going on further on the east. Temples are actually built up, normally calling Temple of Min.
    • Yue: Still thoughts to be made, as the war still assembles into Chu. The hope will be revealed.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
  • In Aragon the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Aragon also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Textile mills, cloth factories, and other places begin to harness steam power to do more thing faster, which creates more jobs that people move to cities to get. Industrialization is gaining speed. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG): The military improves for the Boralians. Gaspar de Portola finally succumbed to a long battle with cancer this, and so the regnecy council of New Vienna votes Francesco de Ortega as the New Governor. Cities in the mountains, valleys and plains continue to modernize their industries, and the expansion of these businesses contribute to the growth of villages along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River) and Eastern Mountains (OTL Bitterroot Mountains) from Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City) as far as Lake Maria (OTL Lac St. Anne). Businesses for manufacturing carpentry, textiles, and metalwork continue to grow, and these commodities are exported to the neighboring French and German colonies by land and sea. Most productive is the buffalo industry, as these with books and newspapers are sold to Algonquia, both the Nehilaw and the Ojibwe. The professional army is continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery are manufactured. More caravels and frigates are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands. The university of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Some of these intellectuals have started to develop theories concerning the nature of electromagnetism, and at least one has theorized the possibility of harnessing its energy. Various publication companies for newspapers, pamphlets, and books circulate throughout the colony and are distributed to their neighbors as well. Hunting with rifles is now a common sport in both the forests and plains, and these become the effective weaponry for local village militias. A new census is taken this year, confirming that the population has risen to 1.4 million Boralians. The Gold Rush near the Lesser Adelheid Lake (OTL Lesser Slave Lake) has led to many villages being settled there, and thus this area is incorporated into the colony. Exploration teams are sent out to nearby areas of the Pacific Ocean, testing out the more larger and more versatile ships. Although governor Ortega apologizes to the French government, the general reaction of the Boralians is quite bitter. There are major riots in the streets of Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City), feeling that they are being sold out by Bavaria to the French. There are similar reactions throughout the colony as far New Munich, seeing that the loss of these plains will significantly harm the buffalo industry. The newspapers of these cities begin to spread vehement anti-French sentiment, seeing the new governor Orgeta as weak and indecisive. At least one of these papers have also spoke nasty words about Queen Mary, claiming that the late Queen Frances would never permit such a thing. Kristallstadt and surrounding cities start to marshal their militias.
    • Boralian Dip: The French, like any child of the Old World, may claim on paper whatever they like, but the fact remains that the cities these bountiful plains have only become so by the blood and sweat of Boralians, having been claimed, marked, established and expanded for decades now. And now that the upper half of Boralia depends on our supply of buffalo, would you be so callous as to let it crumble by a mere technicality? Where are the armies of France to enforce their rule on this hemisphere? For all we of Kristallstadt see around us are Boralians, free Boralians.
    • CUG Dip: Diplomats sent by Queen Mary attempt to reason with the Boralians and state that the Deutsche Diet only suggested New Austria to cede land to France. Furthermore, that cession was only suggested in an effrot to avoid war and the loss of Boralian, Bavarian, Austrian, and Spanish lives, as is very possible if the Boralian government continues to aggravate the French. The Diplomats are also put off by the negative opinions expressed about Queen Mary, and they inform the governor that such newspapers are nonsense. OOC: Not being sarcastic when I say good job at mentioning the reviling of Queen Mary. It makes the game interesting lol, and maybe we can have Queen Mary be to New Austria as George III was to the 13 colonies.
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1785, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (born 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up. The city councilmen and syndics of Augsburg convene at the Perlach Tower and hold a diet of their own. They basically discuss the future of the city, and many agree that the city should begin modernizing and expanding if it is to be an up-to-date legislative capital of Germany. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political realism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular. In political news, Gregory Hartingen begins suffering from a dropping approval rating in the Diet, particularly due to the quick spread of romanticism among parliamentarians. In general, romanticism continues to spread in Germany, finally breaking its Bavarian confines and spreading to Berlin, Vienna, and Venice. Many wealthy, but un-noble men (mostly bankers, merchants, mayors, elite farmers, a.k.a: the gentry) continue to call for the full suffrage of the landowning male population. A few consider adopting the old voting rights of the English parliament, where a man had to pay a certain fee to become enfranchised. It is this idea that catches on. Mary I continues to run her executive cabinet, with Marcel Neierman running a good portion of state diplomacy and internal affairs. In the Diet, the Romantic Union continues to grow, and a list of five tenets of German Romanticism are published by Rutger Kraftanstadt and his supporters:  1. All men of the Gentry class, or those men who are not ennobled but own property, must receive the right to vote for their own representatives in the Diet. 2. The so-called Modern Age is fraught with frigid, aristocratic politics, ungodliness, and an abandonment of faith and brotherhood. 3.The rapid centralization, or federalization, of any realm threatens the rights of those men who live inside these realms and is a process that must be curtailed. 4. A return to the chivalrous, religious days of yore must occur, and the notions of kingship must be restored to this continent. 5. A Woman is not meant to rule as a King does, and to do so is an affront to God and his representatives on Earth. The list makes its way around the Diet and strengthens the popularity of the Romantic Union greatly. However, as expected, Queen Mary I publicly rejects the "Five Tenets" and sees it as an affront to her rule. Marcel Neierman and the rest of the executive council stand by the Queen, as does Gregory Hartingen. However, Hartingen's support does not mean much, as the 1785 vote of confidence reveals that only 37% of the Diet have confidence in him as a leader. Many suspect him to be ousted out of office by 1790. At the same time, the Romanticists form their first majority in the Diet, and include nobles within the Union and those who are outside the Union but none-of-the-less espouse Romanticist views. It becomes clear by mid-year that two types of Romanticism have formed. On the extreme side, there exists the conservative Romanticists that Rutger Kraftanstadt belongs to. They support gentry male suffrage as well as barring women from the throne and halting federalization. On the more liberal side we have the Romanticists siding with Queen Mary I and Marcel Neierman. They also support gentry male suffrage, but hold no qualms about female inheritance and in fact support Bavarian and Marian Commands, as well as supporting continual federalization. Pharamond Wilburg, a Jewish-Bavarian writer, diplomat, and philosopher, studies the distinctions of the two factions and publishes a report on them in August. He names Kraftanstadt's faction the Old Romanticists, due to his perceived obsessions with the middle ages and the manners there of, and Mary's faction the Royal Romanticists, due to its members being associated with the beliefs of the Monarchy. Several other scholars assign names to the movements as well, with some nicknaming Old Romanticism 'Catholic Romanticism' and others substituting 'Royal' in Royal Romanticism with 'Common' or 'Moderate'. Regardless of naming, it becomes readily apparent that a rift is forming in German politics. This rift becomes ever so apparent when the Duke of Hamburg sends a call to arms to Germany in order to fight a war against Scandinavia. Initially, many suspect that the Romanticist-dominated Diet would accept the call due to their heavy emphasis on kinship and chivarly. However, in an odd spectacle, Rutger Kraftanstadt urges the Diet to vote against war, stating that too much work still needs to be done within the country, especially concerning the government, before it can go into war. Many are puzzled at this decision and begin questioning Kraftandstadt's leadership ability. A vote occurs and war is rejected. Gregory Hartingen, while accepting the vote, states that "Never before have I seen so much hypocracy in a man. Lord Kraftanstadt may speak for hours on fraternity and war but rejects those very notions due to his fears of warring on the Nordic power". However, Mary I has a much different reaction. On September 1, the Queen uses her power as Supreme Chancellor of the Diet to veto the vote against war. By a royal issue decreed the next morning, the Crown-Union of Germany, with all members fully supportive, join the war against Scandinavia. Mary I is immediately criticized by the Romanticist Diet, and even some of her own councillors quietly advise her not to repeat her actions. However, her support remains strong, with many Royal Romanticists, especially in the Perlach Diet (the popular term for the informal legislature that was established by Augsburg administrators in 1778), claim that her actions were necessary in helping Hamburg. The rest of the year ends peacefully, with Kraftanstadt causing no more issues whilst still criticizing the monarchy. The only notable thing to have occurred after September was the dispatch of several diplomats to meet with disgruntled Boralians in New Austria over the French territorial dispute. In sad news, Adolph Clemenz dies of a stroke in Munich, having never received the chance to run for office in the Diet.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1780, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 68%.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Tomas Bergman since 1777, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1787. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Tomas Bergman is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1782.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I (born 1733) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG)See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alleigance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing. War is declared on native states as part of Rome's campaign to solidfy its control over the remainind areas of its colonies. The former Cherokee section is integrated into the Reman provinces as would any land, and while the Cherokee chief still gets some control, he is fiercly repremanded for the betrayal of his ancestor.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
    • Duchy of Oldenburg: The Regency Council hears Hamburg's call, and joins it in war against Scandinavia. (I'm only six minutes late, and those due to edit conflict).
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year. The University of Makekon is set up.
  • Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 17 million, and continues growing. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenos Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France, and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power.  with their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea, totaling about 5000 from Andea proper. In order to better support our ally Osea, we withdraw our alliances with Buenos Aires and Uruguay and declare them illegitimate nations. The capital is relocated to Buenos Noches, which stands at 20,000 people. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain sepArate
    • Union of Upper Peru: Chimor and Collaquyimbaya, both prosperous under the Inca, have merged into one nation under the new nation Andea. the nation remains in a personal union with Andea, though they also adopt the Buenos Noches constitution and the Cuzco Codes. Military economy and navy improve. With a very small Spanish minority, few leave the area. Population stands at six million. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation and Spainards leave the nation. In total, 10,000 Andean settlers arrive and 5000 Spaniards leave. Ties with Andea and South Chile deepen, with the Buenos Noches Constiution being adopted in the nation. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come and Spainards go. In total, 5000 Andea settlers come and 2000 Spanish leave. Ties with Andea deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 30,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 50,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at three million, mostly Andean settlers who relocated for the cheap land. Ties between Andea and Vorlayacor deepen,as the Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. The Andean Government also projects the idea that the only way to stop assimilation from occurring is for the Mapuche and Andeans to remain united.
    •  Kingdom of South Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 40,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 10,000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea and Chile deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate .
  • Prussia: Frederick II dies, and we mourn. However, his son, Wilhelm IX, succeeds to the throne. We improve the military.

1786

Substantial growth of Jews in major cities around Europe begins to concern people, as these Jews are often able to reach high positions in government, business, and finance. Some cities, particularly in northern Europe, begin to create ghettos to help mitigate the “problem.”

Damn Nazis

I thought Nk loved keeping his Jews. Maybe send them all Jews to Netherlands 

Sends Jews to Aragon, it is a cool country.

Madagascar, once home to a powerful and independent kingdom, revolts against French authority, hoping to restore their independence and conduct their affairs for themselves. (Scores: 10, 8, 5, undoubled)

Burma splits a bit more, with the Shan people establishing an independent state of their own to the east of Konbaung territory.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg expands its infrastructure, and its subjects expand their economies. New Mecklenburg expands by 750 px. With forces gathered from Hamburgs continental realms and from Hamburgs allies, the combined army launches and invasion of Scandinavia proper, and Seiga weapons are brought up deal with various cities.
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger. War is declared on the nation of Scandinavia. We fully mobilize and provide siege weapons.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France. War is declared on the nation of Scandinavia. We fully mobilize and provide siege weapons.
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy, developing a navy of 100 ships. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. War with Japan comes to an end, with a tactical victory secured by Japan. Despite a much greater loss of soldiers and ships, the people rejoice for having secured their sovereignity and independence in face of Japanese aggression. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. Lanzhou, Shijuazuang, Hebei and Shangjing are all integrated into a single province known as the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, trade with the Japanese ports of Yantai and Qingdao comes to a complete halt.  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Uighur people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. Islam is allowed to flourish in Uighur Khanate and no interference is made in the religious matters for fear of the Uighur people rebelling. A major mosque is also constructed to please the Uighur for helping to crush the uprising in Lanzhou. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Mongol Khanate: Prince Dorgon Borgon Rimping introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Tartary: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Farming is our biggest industry. We continue to use steam power, mostly on our farms and in our factories. We continue to build up our cities. We continue to expand our borders 1000 xp north east.
    • Principality of Perm (formerly Great Perm): We build up our military and economy. 
    • Principality of Chernihiv: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy. 
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Wu: Thoughts still in war for Chu, but not yet. We were trying to collapse them as the result still not official.
    • Min: Strike through for the war of Chu will be made. We begin to search some unique materials for the tools.
    • Yue: Still things to approve for a war with Chu, but for our hope, it will be easy.
  • [2]Ayutthaya: The Ruler's primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Dutch is used to make stronger and more effective ships. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up to date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow at a substansial rate and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is build in rural areas and trade routes are grown. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy. We cut all relations with other nations other than the Dutch to start with a fresh slate with the surrounding nations.
  • In Aragon the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Aragon also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Textile mills, cloth factories, and other places begin to harness steam power to do more thing faster, which creates more jobs that people move to cities to get. Industrialization is gaining speed. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • Prussia: We enter the Scandinavian war of aggression on the German side, sending our troops and our navy to invade the island of Gotland, and mainland Scandinavia. Wilhelm IX hopes that this will be the end of aggression towards the German states.
    • The Union of Konigsberg: writes a very angry letter to Prussia, demanding they remove their troops from Gotland, or any other scandinavian territories or waters, and remove their troops from Hamburg. 
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: With Oldenburger troops on the front line alongside their Hamburger allies, the general population feels a strong martial pride. However, the war has resulted in a slight lack of goods, and so the people look for a convenient scapegoat. One is found in the Duchy's Jews. Jews have played a vital role in the Oldenburger banking sector since Mediaeval times, and since then have amassed not insignificant wealth, due to their being able to engage in usury (Unlike Christian Oldenburgers). Thus, there is a sharp rise in anti-Jewish feeling, so much so that the Regency Council feels compelled to take some sort of action to avoid violence. Knowing that the Oldenburger banking system would collapse without the support and know-how of the Jews, the Council does not take away their rights in that area, however it does institute a ghetto system, in which Jews must live. conditions in these ghettos are not necessarily bad, in fact, some of the richer Jews live better inside the ghettos than their rich Christian counterparts outside them.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. To legitimize its position even further, after the death of Partiarch Tikhon this year, a new one, Patriarch Adrian, at this point being the Bishop of Pskov, is elected the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, and swiftly after his election choses to relocate the see of Russian Orthodoxy to the cathedral of Christ the Savior in Pskov.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian Government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable number of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1786, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (born 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up. The city councilmen and syndics of Augsburg convene at the Perlach Tower and hold a diet of their own. They basically discuss the future of the city, and many agree that the city should begin modernizing and expanding if it is to be an up-to-date legislative capital of Germany. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political liberalism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular. In political news, Gregory Hartingen begins suffering from a dropping approval rating in the Diet, particularly due to the quick spread of romanticism among parliamentarians. In general, romanticism continues to spread in Germany, finally breaking its Bavarian confines and spreading to Berlin, Vienna, and Venice. Many wealthy, but un-noble men (mostly bankers, merchants, mayors, elite farmers, a.k.a: the gentry) continue to call for the full suffrage of the landowning male population. A few consider adopting the old voting rights of the English parliament, where a man had to pay a certain fee to become enfranchised. It is this idea that catches on. Mary I continues to run her executive cabinet, with Marcel Neierman running a good portion of state diplomacy and internal affairs. In the Diet, the Romantic Union continues to grow, and a list of five tenets of German Romanticism are continually propped up and adhered to by followers of Kraftanstadt. However, as expected, Queen Mary I publicly rejects the "Five Tenets" and sees it as an affront to her rule. Marcel Neierman and the rest of the executive council stand by the Queen, as does Gregory Hartingen. However, Hartingen's support does not mean much, as the 1785 vote of confidence reveals that only 37% of the Diet have confidence in him as a leader. Many suspect him to be ousted out of office by 1790. At the same time, the Romanticists form their first majority in the Diet, and include nobles within the Union and those who are outside the Union but none-of-the-less espouse Romanticist views. It becomes clear by mid-year that two types of Romanticism have formed. As written by Pharamond Wilburg in 1785, they are the conservative, anti-federal Old Romanticists and the liberal, pro-federal Royal Romanticists. In diplomatic news, the war on Scandinavia continues. The war was only made possible by the Queen's circumvention of parliamentary decisions, which originally mandated that Germany would not enter the war. Many parliamentarians, especially the Romanticists are still angry over what they perceive as an oppression of their rights. Mary I defends herself by saying it was her right as Supreme Chancellor to veto the anti-war decision and make the choice herself. The situation is peaceful but it is expected that the Romanticists will only get more angry in the future.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1780, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 68%.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Tomas Bergman since 1777, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1787. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Tomas Bergman is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1782.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I (born 1733) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG)See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alleigance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing. War is declared on native states as part of Rome's campaign to solidfy its control over the remainind areas of its colonies. The former Cherokee section is integrated into the Reman provinces as would any land, and while the Cherokee chief still gets some control, he is fiercly repremanded for the betrayal of his ancestor.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • the Kievan Rus continue the war in Vlachia.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year. The University of Makekon is set up. Some Jews arrive from Europe.
  • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG): Both the military and economy improve for the Boralians. Cities in the mountains, valleys and plains continue to modernize their industries, especially those near the Lesser Adelheid Lake (OTL Lesser Slave Lake) due to the recent Gold Rush. Businesses for manufacturing carpentry, textiles, and metalwork continue to grow, and these commodities are exported to the neighboring French and German colonies by land and sea. Most productive is the buffalo industry, as these with books and newspapers are sold to Algonquia, both the Nehilaw and the Ojibwe. The professional army is continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery are manufactured. More caravels and frigates are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands. The university of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Some of these intellectuals have started to develop theories concerning the nature of electromagnetism, while others have begun constructing prototype steam engines. Various publication companies for newspapers, pamphlets, and books circulate throughout the colony and are distributed to their neighbors as well. Hunting with rifles is now a common sport in both the forests and plains, and these become the effective weaponry for local village militias. An exploration team arrives at Mexaca this year, offering to sell buffalo products and newspapers [MOD Response Please]. The Lesser Adelheid Lake (OTL Lesser Slave Lake) has been incorporated into the colony, and thus the colony has expanded north 300 km. In international politics, the Boralians politely decline Germany's compromise. The riots have started to level off as the inactivity of the French this year has been interpreted as capitulation. The city councils from New Munich to Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City) continue to keep their militias on high alert, much to the dismay of governor Ortega. The anti-French sentiment continues, however, saying that this recent inactivity proves the French are too weak to enforce their claims. The governor arrests three newspaper companies that printed treasonous words a few months ago. One of them, however, was quite popular in New Vienna, and thus this has incited a new wave of riots at a perceived tyranny on the governor's part. The governor also organizes the first Boralian embassy to Europe, specifically Paris, in order to seek compromise with the French government.
    • Boralian Dip (to France): We will agree not to press any further into the claimed territories of France, in exchange that we keep the lands we've already claimed.

1787

  • Ayutthaya: The Ruler's primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Dutch is used to make stronger and more effective ships. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up to date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow at a substansial rate and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is build in rural areas and trade routes are grown. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy. We cut all relations with other nations other than the Dutch to start with a fresh slate with the surrounding nations.
    • Nihonese Dip: We request an alliance
  • Tartary: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Farming is our biggest industry. We continue to use steam power, mostly on our farms and in our factories. We continue to build up our cities. We continue to expand our borders 1000 xp northeast.
    • Principality of Perm (formerly Great Perm): We build up our military and economy. 
    • Principality of Chernihiv: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy. 
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: Oldenburger troops continue fighting alongside out Hamburger allies. The Jewish Ghetto law of last year pacifies the majority of anti-Semetic feeling, proving the saying "out of sight, out of mind". The new Prince-Bishop of Osnabruck, in his capacity as head of the Regency Council, supports an increase in the number of clergymen in administrative positions in Oldenburg, slightly accelerating a trend that has existed since the formation of the first Regency Council.
  • Wu: Troops is deciding to attack Chu, as we await further whats going on with our country. Economy improves and infrastructure also improves. Buidlings are actually in action too.
    • Yue: We improve our economy and military.
    • Min: We also improve our economy and military, some temples and buildings still in sight.
  • Nihon Theocracy: The military/economy is built up. The success of the war against Tartary is celebrated, but the country mourns not long after because emperor Yorishiyo Yokohama IV dies from a heart attack at the imperial court. Horiyoshi Yokohama IV takes over the empire, and he offers extra trade to France and the Netherlands. Kyoto remains the capital of the Empire. Imperial Shinto is spread more through the empire. The conquered regions are made into a vassal, Saharin. After the victory Horiyoshi gains more popularity, and his birthday becomes a national holiday. Horiyoshi dies from a heart attack and Matsuda replaces him.
    • ​Nihonese Manchuria: Mil and Eco built up. Imperial Shinto is spread. The capital is renamed to Manchuria-City (Manshū-Shi). All Manchu's who do not convert are killed, with their heads placed on the border with the Manchu Empire.
    • Formosa: The military/economy is built up. The capital is renamed to 新京都/Shin Kyōto(New Kyoto). Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Yantai:  The military/economy is built up. The city is used to spread Imperial Shinto into China.
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come and defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Shanghai, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Qingdao, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Heinan, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Hong Kong: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Hong Kong, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Macau: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Macau, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Saharin: Military/Economy. The capital is renamed to Toyohara. Japanese settlers are sent to the vassal. Several Tartar inhabitants are sent back to the Tartary. Imperial Shinto is spread onto the territory. All those who do not follow Shinto are killed.
    • Īsutorando: Expands by 500 sq km. The capital is named Horiyoshi-Shi (Horiyoshi-City). The area currently isn't very fertile, and thus Horiyoshi orders focus on expanding the colony into more fertile areas. The first somewhat fertile areas are reached.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus continue the war against the Vlachians.
  • In Aragon the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Aragon also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Textile mills, cloth factories, and other places begin to harness steam power to do more thing faster, which creates more jobs that people move to cities to get. Industrialization is gaining speed. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alleigance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing. War is declared on native states as part of Rome's campaign to solidfy its control over the remainind areas of its colonies. The former Cherokee section is integrated into the Reman provinces as would any land, and while the Cherokee chief still gets some control, he is fiercly repremanded for the betrayal of his ancestor.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1787, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (born 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up. The city councilmen and syndics of Augsburg convene at the Perlach Tower and hold a diet of their own. They basically discuss the future of the city, and many agree that the city should begin modernizing and expanding if it is to be an up-to-date legislative capital of Germany. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political liberalism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular. In political news, Gregory Hartingen begins suffering from a dropping approval rating in the Diet, particularly due to the quick spread of romanticism among parliamentarians. In general, romanticism continues to spread in Germany, finally breaking its Bavarian confines and spreading to Berlin, Vienna, and Venice. Many wealthy, but un-noble men (mostly bankers, merchants, mayors, elite farmers, a.k.a: the gentry) continue to call for the full suffrage of the landowning male population. A few consider adopting the old voting rights of the English parliament, where a man had to pay a certain fee to become enfranchised. It is this idea that catches on. Mary I continues to run her executive cabinet, with Marcel Neierman running a good portion of state diplomacy and internal affairs. In the Diet, the Romantic Union continues to grow, and a list of five tenets of German Romanticism are continually propped up and adhered to by followers of Kraftanstadt. However, as expected, Queen Mary I publicly rejects the "Five Tenets" and sees it as an affront to her rule. Marcel Neierman and the rest of the executive council stand by the Queen, as does Gregory Hartingen. However, Hartingen's support does not mean much, as the 1785 vote of confidence reveals that only 37% of the Diet have confidence in him as a leader. Many suspect him to be ousted out of office by 1790. At the same time, the Romanticists form their first majority in the Diet, and include nobles within the Union and those who are outside the Union but none-of-the-less espouse Romanticist views. It becomes clear by mid-year that two types of Romanticism have formed. As written by Pharamond Wilburg in 1785, they are the conservative, anti-federal Old Romanticists and the liberal, pro-federal Royal Romanticists. In diplomatic news, the war on Scandinavia continues. The war was only made possible by the Queen's circumvention of parliamentary decisions, which originally mandated that Germany would not enter the war. Many parliamentarians, especially the Romanticists are still angry over what they perceive as an oppression of their rights. Mary I defends herself by saying it was her right as Supreme Chancellor to veto the anti-war decision and make the choice herself. The situation is peaceful but it is expected that the Romanticists will only get more angry in the future. That future comes when a small riot ensues outside the Diet palace in Augsburg. It is an unclear event, most notably ignited between romanticist parliamentarians and their more moderate counterparts. The violent struggle, resulting in three deaths, was probably aided by the extreme summer heat, plaguing Augsburg that year. As the year concludes, peace still reigns, but more and more friction is generated by the efforts of Rutger Kraftanstadt, whose actions include ridiculously long debates in the Diet as well as accusations of lying, fraud, and bribery occurring from both sides. Queen Mary I becomes worried that the war will put too much stress on the Romanticists and she fears that she might be overthrown, like her predecessor, and her predecessor's predecessor before her.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1780, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 68%.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Tomas Bergman since 1777, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1787. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Tomas Bergman is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1782.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I (born 1733) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG)See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Algonquia officially lays claim to Great Slave Lake, setting up a trading post at the west end, while a small town grows at the east end. As thousands of Jews arrive from Europe, seeking to avoid persecution, Algonquia gets a massive economic and technological boost. European immigrants begin to agitate against this, but after one Jew manages to boost the production of Aksimiki's shipyards, the High Sachem orders an end to this sentiment.
  • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG): Both the military and economy improve for the Boralians. Cities in the mountains, valleys and plains continue to modernize their industries, especially those near the Lesser Adelheid Lake (OTL Lesser Slave Lake) due to the recent Gold Rush. Businesses for manufacturing carpentry, textiles, and metalwork continue to grow, and these commodities are exported to the neighboring French and German colonies by land and sea. Most productive is the buffalo industry, as these with books and newspapers are sold to Algonquia, both the Nehilaw and the Ojibwe. The professional army is continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery are manufactured. More caravels and frigates are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands. The university of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Some of these intellectuals have started to develop theories concerning the nature of electromagnetism, while others have begun constructing prototype steam engines. Various publication companies for newspapers, pamphlets, and books circulate throughout the colony and are distributed to their neighbors as well. Hunting with rifles is now a common sport in both the forests and plains, and these become the effective weaponry for local village militias. We offer to sell buffalo products and newspapers to Mexaca [MOD Response Please]. The Lesser Adelheid Lake (OTL Lesser Slave Lake) has been incorporated into the colony, and thus the colony has expanded north 300 km. In international politics, the Boralians politely decline Germany's compromise. The riots have significantly leveled off as the inactivity of the French this year has been interpreted as capitulation. The city councils from New Munich to Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City) continue to keep their militias on high alert, much to the dismay of governor Ortega. The anti-French sentiment continues, however, saying that this recent inactivity proves the French are too weak to enforce their claims. Reviling in New Vienna against the governor also continues as his recent actions have been interpreted as tyranny. The governor also organizes the first Boralian embassy to Europe, specifically Paris, in order to seek compromise with the French government.
    • Boralian Dip (to France): We will agree not to press any further into the claimed territories of France, in exchange that we keep the lands we've already claimed.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. To legitimize its position even further, after the death of Partiarch Tikhon this year, a new one, Patriarch Adrian, at this point being the Bishop of Pskov, is elected the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, and swiftly after his election choses to relocate the see of Russian Orthodoxy to the cathedral of Christ the Savior in Pskov.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian Government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable number of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase

1788

The Jewish problem continues to escalate, and pogroms and ghettos multiply. Some cities in southern Europe begin to be affected as well as more and more begin to fear Jewish influence.

The element Silicon is discovered.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg expands its infrastructure, and it's subjects expand their economies. The war against Scandinavia continues, and this year sees a combined allied army defeating a Scandinavian army near Flensburg and go on to capture the city.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Tartary: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Farming is our biggest industry. We continue to use steam power, mostly on our farms and in our factories. We continue to build up our cities. We continue to expand our borders 1000 xp north east.
    • Principality of Perm (formerly Great Perm): We build up our military and economy. 
    • Principality of Chernihiv: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy. 
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: Oldenburger troops continue fighting with our allies against Scandinavia, and a lot of allegorical artwork is produced. Printed engravings of battle scenes and allegories become quite popular items in both rich and poor huseholds. The Regency Council is alarmed at the resurgence of anti-Semitic agitation, but is loath do do more than the current ghetto system, as the Oldenburger Jewry holds vital knowledge and experience in banking, the loss of which would be catastrophic. 
  • Wu: Our situation looks cool but in battle of Chu those troops still invading, sending more troops about 50,000 to gain advantage and help Wu to get the 3rd vassal.
    • Yue: Gaining an action with economy expansion. The forces is still toppling Chu, but it looks like Chu is good with their defenses. Hopefully the troops will fight hard to topple them, otherwise it could be a massive trouble.
    • Min: Exports made and invests in infrastructure area, buldings were properly fitting on its side. Bewaring the war of Chu regarding the Wu attacking them will take while.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus continue the war against the Vlachians.
  • Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 17 million, and continues growing. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenos Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France, and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power.  with their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea, totaling about 5000 from Andea proper. In order to better support our ally Osea, we withdraw our alliances with Buenos Aires and Uruguay and declare them illegitimate nations. The capital is relocated to Buenos Noches, which stands at 20,000 people. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate.
    • Union of Upper Peru: Chimor and Collaquyimbaya, both prosperous under the Inca, have merged into one nation under the new nation Andea. the nation remains in a personal union with Andea, though they also adopt the Buenos Noches constitution and the Cuzco Codes. Military economy and navy improve. With a very small Spanish minority, few leave the area. Population stands at six million. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation and Spainards leave the nation. In total, 10,000 Andean settlers arrive and 5000 Spaniards leave. Ties with Andea and South Chile deepen, with the Buenos Noches Constiution being adopted in the nation. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come and Spainards go. In total, 5000 Andea settlers come and 2000 Spanish leave. Ties with Andea deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 30,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 50,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at three million, mostly Andean settlers who relocated for the cheap land. Ties between Andea and Vorlayacor deepen,as the Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. The Andean Government also projects the idea that the only way to stop assimilation from occurring is for the Mapuche and Andeans to remain united.
    •  Kingdom of South Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 40,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 10,000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea and Chile deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
  • In Aragon the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Aragon also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Textile mills, cloth factories, and other places begin to harness steam power to do more thing faster, which creates more jobs that people move to cities to get. Industrialization is gaining speed. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • Ayutthaya: The Ruler's primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Dutch is used to make stronger and more effective ships. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up to date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow at a substansial rate and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is build in rural areas and trade routes are grown. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy. We cut all relations with other nations other than the Dutch to start with a fresh slate with the surrounding nations. We decline the alliance offered last year.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alleigance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing. War is declared on native states as part of Rome's campaign to solidfy its control over the remainind areas of its colonies. The former Cherokee section is integrated into the Reman provinces as would any land, and while the Cherokee chief still gets some control, he is fiercly repremanded for the betrayal of his ancestor.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. To legitimize its position even further, after the death of Partiarch Tikhon this year, a new one, Patriarch Adrian, at this point being the Bishop of Pskov, is elected the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, and swiftly after his election choses to relocate the see of Russian Orthodoxy to the cathedral of Christ the Savior in Pskov.***The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian Government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable number of people stay, the government promising relief.
      • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
      • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
      • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Algonquia officially lays claim to Great Slave Lake, setting up a trading post at the west end, while a small town grows at the east end. As thousands of Jews arrive from Europe, seeking to avoid persecution, Algonquia gets a massive economic and technological boost. European immigrants begin to agitate against this, but after one Jew manages to boost the production of Aksimiki's shipyards, the High Sachem orders an end to this sentiment.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1788, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (born 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up. The city councilmen and syndics of Augsburg convene at the Perlach Tower and hold a diet of their own. They basically discuss the future of the city, and many agree that the city should begin modernizing and expanding if it is to be an up-to-date legislative capital of Germany. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political liberalism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular. In political news, Gregory Hartingen begins suffering from a dropping approval rating in the Diet, particularly due to the quick spread of romanticism among parliamentarians. In general, romanticism continues to spread in Germany, finally breaking its Bavarian confines and spreading to Berlin, Vienna, and Venice. Many wealthy, but un-noble men (mostly bankers, merchants, mayors, elite farmers, a.k.a: the gentry) continue to call for the full suffrage of the landowning male population. A few consider adopting the old voting rights of the English parliament, where a man had to pay a certain fee to become enfranchised. It is this idea that catches on. Mary I continues to run her executive cabinet, with Marcel Neierman running a good portion of state diplomacy and internal affairs. In the Diet, the Romantic Union continues to grow, and a list of five tenets of German Romanticism are continually propped up and adhered to by followers of Kraftanstadt. However, as expected, Queen Mary I publicly rejects the "Five Tenets" and sees it as an affront to her rule. Marcel Neierman and the rest of the executive council stand by the Queen, as does Gregory Hartingen. However, Hartingen's support does not mean much, as the 1785 vote of confidence reveals that only 37% of the Diet have confidence in him as a leader. Many suspect him to be ousted out of office by 1790. At the same time, the Romanticists form their first majority in the Diet, and include nobles within the Union and those who are outside the Union but none-of-the-less espouse Romanticist views. It becomes clear by mid-year that two types of Romanticism have formed. As written by Pharamond Wilburg in 1785, they are the conservative, anti-federal Old Romanticists and the liberal, pro-federal Royal Romanticists. In diplomatic news, the war on Scandinavia continues. The war was only made possible by the Queen's circumvention of parliamentary decisions, which originally mandated that Germany would not enter the war. Many parliamentarians, especially the Romanticists are still angry over what they perceive as an oppression of their rights. Mary I defends herself by saying it was her right as Supreme Chancellor to veto the anti-war decision and make the choice herself. The situation is peaceful but it is expected that the Romanticists will only get more angry in the future. More small riots occur in Augsburg due to the war and its controversial nature.These small riots, unlike last year however, are much more frequent and intense, resulting in many more injuries and a few deaths. Radical romanticists also begin targetting commoners and anyone they suspect of "being against True Germany" a few proclaim. By year end, Kraftanstadt has already condemned the violence, and furthermore places direct blame on Queen Mary I, stating that it is her "tyranny and ill rule that brings bloodshed". The Queen immediately waves of these accusations, as more grave events occur in Augsburg, as well as Munich, Stuttgart, and Vienna. These grave events include a spate of pogroms over the course of September, targetting the Jewish populations of all three mentioned cities. Several thousand Jews are injured, with a handful (or; several hundred) being murdered. The vast majority are expelled from the cities by various municipal decrees, written by coerced, frightened town officials. Initially, in the early days of the "September Pogroms" it was thought that it was a group of Romanticists that gave several streetside speeches urging the populations to lash out against the "fiendish Jewry". However, after the chaotic atmosphere, many blamed agents of the Queen for inciting the riots in order to discredit the Romanticists. Mary I denies these claims, stating that they are baseless and wholly implausible. Instead, she sends money and manpower to help repair the Jewish sections of the destroyed cities. In November, she issues a proclamation, offering sanctuary in Landshut to all displaced Jews. In other news, the Queen becomes worried, with both the protracted war in Scandinavia, and instability boiling at home. She fears the situation will not remain peaceful for much longer.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1780, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 68%.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Tomas Bergman since 1777, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1787. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Tomas Bergman is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1782.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I (born 1733) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG)See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.

1789

The Jewish problem continues to plague many minds, and some of the pogroms and ghettos get progressively worse. Sentiments from the older ages are dredged up in part due to Romanticism, and some of the cities border on violence when it comes to the issue.

The revolt in Madagascar succeeds and the native nobility establish their own kingdom and seek recognition from other powers.

  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy, developing a navy of 100 ships. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. War with Japan comes to an end, with a tactical victory secured by Japan. Despite a much greater loss of soldiers and ships, the people rejoice for having secured their sovereignity and independence in face of Japanese aggression. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. Lanzhou, Shijuazuang, Hebei and Shangjing are all integrated into a single province known as the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, trade with the Japanese ports of Yantai and Qingdao comes to a complete halt.  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Uighur people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. Islam is allowed to flourish in Uighur Khanate and no interference is made in the religious matters for fear of the Uighur people rebelling. A major mosque is also constructed to please the Uighur for helping to crush the uprising in Lanzhou. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Mongol Khanate: Prince Dorgon Borgon Rimping introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Tartary: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Farming is our biggest industry. We continue to use steam power, mostly on our farms and in our factories. We continue to build up our cities. We continue to expand our borders 1000 xp north east. We ask the nations of Europe if we can take your Jews.
    • Principality of Perm (formerly Great Perm): We build up our military and economy. 
    • Principality of Chernihiv: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Azov: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Bukhara: We build up our military and economy. 
    • Khanate of Bajkal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Khanate of Khiva: We build up our military and economy.
    • Kingdom of Parthia: We build up our military and economy.
  • Wu: Troops still engaging the Chu, but more helps will be provided. The Government looks to gain more troops ahead, so its military. To try engage Chu to help become Wu's third vassal. The Chu should be collapsed as of now.
    • Yue: Temples been built up and called Temple of Wonders. Also it's buddhist, more buldings built. Report of war in Chu still regarding, but the official result will come soon. As the Troops is almost finish to topple Chu.
    • Min: The reports of Chu is still on table, but the troops still gain and not giving up on attack and want to take the Chu. It's officially taken.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are  strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
  • Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 17 million, and continues growing. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenos Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France, and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power.  with their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea, totaling about 5000 from Andea proper. In order to better support our ally Osea, we withdraw our alliances with Buenos Aires and Uruguay and declare them illegitimate nations. The capital is relocated to Buenos Noches, which stands at 20,000 people. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate.
    • Union of Upper Peru: Chimor and Collaquyimbaya, both prosperous under the Inca, have merged into one nation under the new nation Andea. the nation remains in a personal union with Andea, though they also adopt the Buenos Noches constitution and the Cuzco Codes. Military economy and navy improve. With a very small Spanish minority, few leave the area. Population stands at six million. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation and Spainards leave the nation. In total, 10,000 Andean settlers arrive and 5000 Spaniards leave. Ties with Andea and South Chile deepen, with the Buenos Noches Constiution being adopted in the nation. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come and Spainards go. In total, 5000 Andea settlers come and 2000 Spanish leave. Ties with Andea deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 30,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 50,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. The nation sees a massive expansion of its infrastructure, with the Royal family owning much of the nation's infrastructure. Population stands at three million, mostly Andean settlers who relocated for the cheap land. Ties between Andea and Vorlayacor deepen,as the Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. The Andean Government also projects the idea that the only way to stop assimilation from occurring is for the Mapuche and Andeans to remain united.
    •  Kingdom of South Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 40,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 10,000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea and Chile deepen. Andeans begin to project the idea that Natives of Hesperia are threatened with by European cultures and while we can trade and work with them, they must remain separate. 
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The ducal forces continue fighting against Scandinavia alongside out Hamburger allies. Prints and engravings continue selling like hotcakes. The Regency Council reluctantly puts more restrictions on the Jews, due to growing public pressure. 
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alleigance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing. War is declared on native states as part of Rome's campaign to solidfy its control over the remainind areas of its colonies. The former Cherokee section is integrated into the Reman provinces as would any land, and while the Cherokee chief still gets some control, he is fiercly repremanded for the betrayal of his ancestor.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus officially sign a treaty ending the war with the Vlachians.
  • Ayutthaya: The Ruler's primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Dutch is used to make stronger and more effective ships. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up to date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow at a substansial rate and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is build in rural areas and trade routes are grown. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy. We cut all relations with other nations other than the Dutch to start with a fresh slate with the surrounding nations. We decline the alliance offered last year.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1789, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. The Diet orders the German Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (born 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Germany maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The city councilmen and syndics of Augsburg convene at the Perlach Tower and hold a diet of their own. They basically discuss the future of the city, and many agree that the city should begin modernizing and expanding if it is to be an up-to-date legislative capital of Germany. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political liberalism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular. In political news, Gregory Hartingen begins suffering from a dropping approval rating in the Diet, particularly due to the quick spread of romanticism among parliamentarians. In general, romanticism continues to spread in Germany, finally breaking its Bavarian confines and spreading to Berlin, Vienna, and Venice. Many wealthy, but un-noble men (mostly bankers, merchants, mayors, elite farmers, a.k.a: the gentry) continue to call for the full suffrage of the landowning male population. A few consider adopting the old voting rights of the English parliament, where a man had to pay a certain fee to become enfranchised. It is this idea that catches on. Mary I continues to run her executive cabinet, with Marcel Neierman running a good portion of state diplomacy and internal affairs. In the Diet, the Romantic Union continues to grow, and a list of five tenets of German Romanticism are continually propped up and adhered to by followers of Kraftanstadt. However, as expected, Queen Mary I publicly rejects the "Five Tenets" and sees it as an affront to her rule. Marcel Neierman and the rest of the executive council stand by the Queen, as does Gregory Hartingen. However, Hartingen's support does not mean much, as the 1785 vote of confidence reveals that only 37% of the Diet have confidence in him as a leader. Many suspect him to be ousted out of office by 1790. At the same time, the Romanticists form their first majority in the Diet, and include nobles within the Union and those who are outside the Union but none-of-the-less espouse Romanticist views. It becomes clear by mid-year that two types of Romanticism have formed. As written by Pharamond Wilburg in 1785, they are the conservative, anti-federal Old Romanticists and the liberal, pro-federal Royal Romanticists. In diplomatic news, the war on Scandinavia continues. The war was only made possible by the Queen's circumvention of parliamentary decisions, which originally mandated that Germany would not enter the war. Many parliamentarians, especially the Romanticists are still angry over what they perceive as an oppression of their rights. Mary I defends herself by saying it was her right as Supreme Chancellor to veto the anti-war decision and make the choice herself. The situation is peaceful but it is expected that the Romanticists will only get more angry in the future. More small riots occur in Augsburg due to the war and its controversial nature. These riots become quite intense in 1789, and contribute to the growing climate of fear and aprehension. Several demonstrations in Landshut on June 7, 8, and 9 leave scores dead or gravely injured, and include several members of the local Jewry. Kraftanstadt ceased to condemn the attacks, and rumors spread that he in fact is supporting and funding the violent acts. Queen Mary sends several hundred soldiers to quell violence in the capital. Unfortunately, hardliner Landshut romanticists blame the Queen of further inciting violence and pledge to overthrow her on June 11, culminating in the Decree of the Oppressed Bavarian document, published and distributed in central Landshut, which declares her reign null and promotes violences against her and the royal family in order to bring peace to the country. The Queen dispatches more troops to locate and arrest the authors of the document. The search is successful, and twelve men are arrested and sent to prison. Of course, more anti-royal sentiment is produced amongst Romanticists and violence against virtually everyone, from Jews to commoners to even moderate Romanticists, increases greatly. Several newspapers declare that a revolution, or at least a coup, is vastly possible in this political climate. The rest of the year sees the quick breakdown of the Diet in the face of unrest, with Kraftanstadt going missing and Gregory Hartingen desperately trying to maintain control. Mary I dispatches several undercover agents to observe the situation and dissuade any rebellious activities. Marcel Neierman is also sent to Augsburg in an effort to broker for peace and bridge the ideological gap between the various splintered factions of the Diet. The year ends with Neierman still in Augsburg. In other news, Prince Franz-Hector, aged 18, is married to Elisabeth von Habsburg, a distant relative of the Holy Roman Emperor. This is one of the few pieces of positive news to come out this year, along with the likely end of warfare by 1790. Queen Mary I sends diplomats to both Hamburg, Stockholm, and Neustadt to help with the formation of a treaty to end the war. In interesting news, many people begin calling the country Bavaria-Germany.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident. In 1785, confidence votes are held and Hartingen's popularity rests at 33%.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Klaude Innsberg since 1787, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1792. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Tomas Bergman is successfully re-elected as Minister-Governor in 1782.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I (born 1733) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG)See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • In Aragon the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Aragon also becomes a place where artists and intellectual minds meet and do things. It is cool. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Textile mills, cloth factories, and other places begin to harness steam power to do more thing faster, which creates more jobs that people move to cities to get. Industrialization is gaining speed. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In falcon venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten. We encounter a border dispute with New Austria as they have expanded in areas which were reserved for the French colonists. We ask that they retract from the area or war will be declared.
  • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
  • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
  • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
  • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
  • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
  • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
  • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
  • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government
  • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and e
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Pskovian industrial complex begins to be more and more built up, with much more mechanization as technology advances. An inquisitive physicist, Vecheslav Drobovitskiy invents the Twin-piston steam engine, and sells his invention to the highest bidder. A new wave of industry is about to enter the nation of Pskov. As improvements in many fields of knowledge begin to rise, Pskov is seen more and more as the heart of Russian civilization. To legitimize its position even further, after the death of Partiarch Tikhon this year, a new one, Patriarch Adrian, at this point being the Bishop of Pskov, is elected the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, and swiftly after his election choses to relocate the see of Russian Orthodoxy to the cathedral of Christ the Savior in Pskov. Due to their continued fighting in Scandinavia, Pskovian navy fires upon prussian navy ships and begins a blockade of Konigsberg.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian Government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable number of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase
  • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG): Both the military and economy improve for the Boralians. Cities in the mountains, valleys and plains continue to modernize their industries, especially those near the Lesser Adelheid Lake (OTL Lesser Slave Lake) due to the recent Gold Rush. Businesses for manufacturing carpentry, textiles, and metalwork continue to grow, and these commodities are exported to the neighboring French and German colonies by land and sea. Most productive is the buffalo industry, as these with books and newspapers are sold to Algonquia, both the Nehilaw and the Ojibwe. The professional army is continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery are manufactured. More caravels and frigates are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands. The university of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. Some of these intellectuals have started to develop theories concerning the nature of electromagnetism, while others have begun constructing prototype steam engines. Various publication companies for newspapers, pamphlets, and books circulate throughout the colony and are distributed to their neighbors as well. Hunting with rifles is now a common sport in both the forests and plains, and these become the effective weaponry for local village militias. We offer to sell buffalo products and newspapers to Mexaca [MOD Response Please]. The Lesser Adelheid Lake (OTL Lesser Slave Lake) has been incorporated into the colony, and thus the colony has expanded north 300 km. In international politics, rumors of war have resurfaced in light of the new French aggression. The city councils from New Munich to Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City) begin pooling their militias together in order to defend the plains from the French. In these cities, the energy for rioting has been redirected towards action. Riots in other cities worsens, however, not just in terms of anti-French propaganda, but a general disregard for Old World politics. "Homo Europus" has become a derogatory term for the species of humans in Europe. The governor organizes the first Boralian embassy to Europe, specifically Paris, in order to seek compromise with the French government. He also calls for a general meeting of the city councils, as a way of trying to talk sense into the colonies of the plains.
    • Boralian Dip (to France): We will agree not to press any further into the claimed territories of France, in exchange that we keep the lands we've already claimed.
  • Algonquia: Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Algonquia officially lays claim to Great Slave Lake, setting up a trading post at the west end, while a small town grows at the east end. As thousands of Jews arrive from Europe, seeking to avoid persecution, Algonquia gets a massive economic and technological boost. European immigrants begin to agitate against this, but after one Jew manages to boost the production of Aksimiki's shipyards, the High Sachem orders an end to this sentiment.

Footnotes

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