Alternate History

1774-1815 (Quebec Independence)

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The Wars of Independence

Treaty of Paris

Paris hosted the drafting of the peace treaty that would end the dual wars of independence. The French, wishing to have an ally in North America to help protect Louisiana, attempted its best to get Quebec the best possible outcome in the treaty, which led to Quebec being given control over the Northwest territory. 

Dispute over the Northwest

Opposed to both Quebec and American expansion were the Native Americans that were already living in the area known as the Northwest. In the 1790s, Quebec began military campaigns to hopefully halt hostilities with the locals, but the Patriotes, made up of mostly untrained recruits and militiamen, were dealt catastrophic defeats by the natives. The Native Americans, realizing that the settlers would only return more organized, began to form their own confederacy to fight back, led by Shawnee Chief Blue Jacket. The Indian Confederacy received secret support from the British, who, from their own nearby colonies, send weapons and supplies to the growing confederacy. During the 1790s the Confederacy fought back against the settlers, raiding towns and farms and killing settlers. 

Due to the need to keep troops on the border with Canada, Quebec could not spare enough men to destroy the confederacy in its infancy. By around 1805 the Confederacy now covered OTL Ohio and Indiana, and was making inroads into Michigan. 

American Settlement

At the same time, American settlers continued to cross the border and move into the Northwest territory, settling in towns north of the Ohio River, and eventually moving further north to settle in the space left by retreating Quebec settlers. However, the Americans too would find themselves attacked by the Confederacy, and in 1804 called upon Washington DC to end the attacks. President Thomas Jefferson at first tried to organize local militias in the area to fight back, but the militias could not crack the confederacy. 

As the dispute continued, an incidents began between both nation's militias in the river valley, both leaders began to improve their nation's military to prepare for war with either nation or the confederacy. However, the target of any potential war soon changed to Great Britain. Several incidents over the decades had led to tensions boiling between Quebec and America against Britain, such as impressment of sailors and restrictions on trade. The American Congress, dominated by War Hawks, demanded war with Great Britain. When a Quebec militia discovered Britain had been sending weapons to the Confederacy, it was the final straw. On June 18, 1808, Congress voted in favor of declaration of war on Great Britain, and a few days later Quebec had announced they would be joining America in the fight. 

War of 1808

The war came for a bad time for Great Britain, who had just became heavily involved in the Peninsular War, and eventually the War of the 5th Coalition in 1809. Quebec and America, after years of dispute, were more prepared for war than OTL. American troops led by Generals William Henry Harrison and Henry Dearborn were sent to root out of the Natives, while a Quebec army led by commander Louis Bourdages marched west to take out the small British capital of Thunder Bay, which had grown from a small outpost to a smaller city that was the capital of western British Canada. 

Reinforcements Arrive

British brought the troops they could spare to the New World to defend Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, and hoping to end the war quickly, invade upper Maine and begin a blockade. Though the American and Quebec navies won small, isolated victories, the Royal Navy would dominate the coast with their blockade. 

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