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1770 to 1779 (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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Archive Thirty-Seven:

1760 - 1769

Archive Thirty-Eight:

1770 - 1779

Archive Thirty-Nine:

1780 - 1789

This page is an archive for the Principia Moderni III map game, from 1770 to 1779.

1770

The closest approach in recorded history of a comet with respect to Earth is recorded this year.

Faced with the harshness of the Kalahari and Namib deserts, the Zulu state pulls back from OTL Namibia and the Atlantic coast.

The Ojibwe people rise up and proclaim themselves free from Nehilaw (undoubled, popular, 5, 4, 2)

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies.
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy.The Emperor laughs at the absurd claims that the people of the Japanese Empire are converting to Shinto, given that faith in a religion is something one does not easily abandon and certainly does not give up for a polytheist religion thats based upon Gods descending from Heaven and giving birth to the Japanese people. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. Lanzhou, Shijuazuang, Hebei and Shangjing are all integrated into a single province known as the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, trade with the Japanese ports of Yantai and Qingdao comes to a complete halt.  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. Islam is allowed to flourish in Uighur Khanate and no interference is made in the religious matters for fear of the Uighur people rebelling. A major mosque is also constructed to please the Uighur for helping to crush the uprising in Lanzhou. [Mil/Eco Turn]
      • ​Manchu - Wu Diplomacy: We propose the creation of a Joint - Defence Agreement between the our two brethren nations. We also believe that trade between our nations should be boosted and general cultural exchange must take place.
  • '​'Kingdom of Castilia: The Kingdom of Castilia sees a slight demographical as immigration from former Spanish colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise. The Spanish population reaches about 10.5 million, mostly due to the large influx of Spanish immigrants coming from South America The Empire officially begins a reform of the economic system looking to get away from reliance on gold and silver to bail the economy out of crisis from war debt, The bullion is instead geared toward giving the empire a competitive edge in being able to invest millions on a whim in order to drive up investments and production. Phillip V from the House of Toledo assumes power in Castile after the long, bloody, coup. He promises to restore Castile to its former glory, to more or less of the empire it once was. Phillip V wastes no time in getting his restoration plans in motion. In order to improve the Spanish industrial force an invasion of Navarre is called upon, with he military mobilized and siege equipment deployed enforcing political hegemony in the region. Phillip V asks for nations to send supplies, and whoever does gets a discount of industrial Spanish exports in the next 30 years. and Meanwhile, the Castilian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets the fifth and sixth rates begin to become more standard as light and medium frigates for singular voyages and patrols among other things. The Castilian attitudes on industrialism continue to change but the nobility seems rather unhappy about having to see more common people in major cities. With relatively no sources of power, the natural sources of power, and in some cases manpower are used for the increasing amount of textile mills among other things. The flocking of populations to Northern Spain continues with a mass increase of population in Madrid, Zaragoza, Pamplona, and various other minor cities and townships throughout the north. Phillip V asks for Osea to send supplies to the war against Navvare. [MOD RESPONSE]
  • Inca Empire: With the death of Apeac III, the nations of Tawatinsuyu and Vorlayacor fall into a Personal Union. The Andean Monarchy remains in control of Tawatinsuyu and her Vassals. The population of Tawatinsuyu hits roughly 17 million. Military, economy and navy are improved. Cuzco remains the largest City in the nation, with roughly 170,000 people. Other Cities include Peru, Machu Picchu, Chimor, Sican, New Burgundy, Deutchburg, and Wari. Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. The Inca also begin to invest in Vorlayacor, encouraging the movement of Inca people into the nation to aid in recovery from the last epidemic. Buenos Noches are built up, each having around 1000 people. Military training between the two nations begins, with a military of 220,000. Navy is also built up, with the navy expanding to accommodate more ships. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed in the Inca. With the ongoing rebellions in the Spanish Territory, the Inca increase their military presence in the the newly acquired territory. The government passes a new act, selling land cheap to the Spanish in remote parts of the empire. The hope is that this will led to the Spanish spreading across the empire. The act, which was passed last year, has further displaced Spanish settlers. Another act, selling land to native settlers in the newly acquired Spanish areas, is passed. 25,000 men remain stationed on the border with Osea.With arms coming in from both the Romans and Castilians, the Inca military begins to expand. With the Deportation progrom continuing in the Inca and their associated states, the number of Spanish living in the empire sees noticable drops.
    • Empire du Chimor (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly six million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Anca II takes the throne as the lesser king, and confirms his subjugation to the Inca. Military stands at 95,000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Empire du Collaquyimbya (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Collaquyimbya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 500,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Military stands at 10,000 irregulars. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Viceroyalty of Chile (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population of 350,000 the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Buenos Tardes is founded as the nations new capitalMilitary stands at 25,000 regulars. Various Natives, including Mapuche and Inca, make up the majority of the population and are the fastest growing ethnic group. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed
    • Domain of Tiwanaku (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 200,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Aymara is founded as a capital of the nation. Military stands at 6000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Vorlayacor (Personal Union with the Inca): Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. Military, economy and navy improve. Nov Xoryan also experiences growth under the Union, with a population of about 50,000. The population hits five million people, seeing growth with an increase of Inca Aid. Buenos Dias grows further, hitting about 2000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Military stands at 50,000. Steam power makes it's first appearence in the nation, improving travel and shipping drastically.The technology spreads slowly into the rest of the empire.
    • Domain of the Aymara: Inca movement into the area is encouraged. With a flood of new settlers, the new nation reaches 45,000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is introduced into the nation giving Families with no native blood in them  or the ones who do not have an active military member have lessened political power. This, combined with the movement of Inca into the territory, encourages the growth of Mixbloods and the increased size of the military. The Spanish population slowly begins to marry into the native population. The Inca Economic system is implemented, improving the Economy. The population of Inca and other natives in the area is 25,000. military and economy Improve, as does the navy.
    • Domain of South Chile: The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, the natives of Hesperia begin to see their populations grow in the new territories. Total population of the Area is roughly 78,000. Military and economy improve, as does the navy. the Inca/native population in the Area is 25,000. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.
    • Domain of Apeac: The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, Inca and other Native populations continue to grow. Population stands at 55,000, with Inca and natives making up about 26,000. Military and economy are improved. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.
  • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of Bavaria): The economy and military improve. Cities in the mountains, valleys and plains continue to modernize their industries, and the expansion of these businesses contribute to the growth of villages along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River) and Eastern Mountains (OTL Bitterroot Mountains) from Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City) as far as Lake Maria (OTL Lac St. Anne). Businesses for manufacturing carpentry, textiles, and metalwork continue to grow, and these commodities are exported to the neighboring French and German colonies by land and sea. Most productive is the buffalo industry, as these with books and newspapers are sold to the Nehilaw Sachemate. The professional army is continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery are manufactured. More caravels and frigates are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands. The university of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers, and it is here that detailed measurements were taken of the Great Comet of 1770. The first newspapers in Boralia are printed at New Vienna, and are distributed throughout the colony and to their neigbors. A new philosophy of anthropology is emerging among the Boralians that proposes to classify people by their native continent. Hunting with rifles is now a common sport in the northeastern forests. Tragedy struck this year as dozens of villagers were massacred in a native attack, located just north of Kristallstadt. In response to this, the governor authorizes local city governments to organize local militias. After the eastern villages begin to be armed, the native attacks finally subside. Another census is take in the 20th year since the colony was established, and it is found that the population has risen to 1.2 million: 900,000 of Hispanic descent, 400,000 of Austrian (including immigrants), and 200,000 Bavarian. There is a lot of overlap due to intermarriages in the last decade, and the younger generation prefers to refer to themselves as Boralians. William de la Newburg returns from his latest voyage, having established a trading post near the Lesser Adelheid Lake (OTL Lesser Slave Lake). A new exploration by sea is sent with a fleet of ships, intending to explore the north Pacific.
  • Too large a population nor is the total removal of ethnic groups not likely. -MP
  • Fixed, now that I am actually crunching numbers and not guessing :P
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the natio. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion.
  • Buenos Aries: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. The navy continues to build more battleships. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. We thank Uruguay for accepting the alliance. A border control team is being formed. Farming is our biggest industry. The population tries to mix the ethnicities of Spanish and Native. Also the population increase due to high birth rates. We continue to accept immigrants into our nation that were kicked out of the Inca Empire. We send supply ships to Castilia to help out with the revolution. (Turn One of Three)
  • Nihon Theocracy: The military/economy is built up. The success of the war against Tartary is celebrated, but the country mourns not long after because emperor Yorishiyo Yokohama IV dies from a heart attack at the imperial court. Horiyoshi Yokohama IV takes over the empire, and he offers extra trade to France and the Netherlands. Kyoto remains the capital of the Empire. Imperial Shinto is spread more through the empire. The conquered regions are made into a vassal, Saharin. After the victory Horiyoshi gains more popularity, and his birthday becomes a national holiday. In the most important event of the year, Horiyoshi declares the Nihon Theocracy, a new government structure. The emperor is worshiped as the complete god, making him the Kami of Japan. With this new structure, immediately all practice of all religions but Imperial Shinto and Buddhism(for now) is made illegal and those who do not convert are killed. We warn the Manchu Empire to stop their aggression against the Chinese states. Buddhism is illegalized too this year, Shinto is now the only religion that is allowed. Kami Horiyoshi has a son, named Matsuda, who is named Shinkami Matsuda I. We offer an alliance to the Netherlands and France(although I think I already have one with France). Our persecution of Non-Shintos has a relatively good effect, as many Japanese(Japanese as in, the entire empire) convert to Shinto.
    • ​Nihonese Manchuria: Mil and eco built up. Imperial Shinto is spread. The capital is renamed to Manchuria-City (Manshū-Shi). All Manchu's who do not convert are killed, with their heads placed on the border with the Manchu Empire.
    • Formosa: The military/economy is built up. The capital is renamed to 新京都/Shin Kyōto(New Kyoto). Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Yantai:  The military/economy is built up. The city is used to spread Imperial Shinto into China
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come and defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Shanghai, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Qingdao, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Heinan, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Hong Kong: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Hong Kong, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Macau: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Macau, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Saharin: Military/Economy. The capital is renamed to Toyohara. Japanese settlers are sent to the vassal. Several Tartar inhabitants are sent back to the Tartary. Imperial Shinto is spread onto the territory. All those who do not follow Shinto are killed.
    • Īsutorando: Expands by 500 sq km. The capital is named Horiyoshi-Shi (Horiyoshi-City). The area currently isn't very fertile, and thus Horiyoshi orders focus on expanding the colony into more fertile areas. The first somewhat fertile areas are reached.
  • Wu: Wu still building temples, military. The temporary issue is the leader of Wu who is really looking to expand about 60px sq km. The military encourages a strong formation.
    • Yue: The Yue economy grows up, with a minimal experience to the Wu and other vassals.
  • The Nehilaw continue to modernize and advance their interests, as do all vassals. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casino, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The revolt of the Ojibwe is a shock to the rest of the nation, given the freedom they had to govern themselves and the wealth brought to them by Nehilaw trade. The entire nation's resources are mustered to crush the revolt before it can spread. The militia is called up, and joins the regular army, forming a combined force of 40,000. The Ojibwe are blockaded by land and sea, but no action is taken as yet, as the government wishes to offer a compromise. The High Sachem sees restless ethnic minorities as a further threat to the nation in the future, and decides to nip the threat in the bud by instituting long-planned reforms. Chiefs of all tribes (no longer solely the Cree) are admitted to the Council of Sachems, which is divided into a Lower and Upper Council. This will enable the voices of all tribes to be heard; all vassals are elevated to subchiefdoms. To symbolize this change, the nation's name is changed to the Algonquian Sachemate, to represent its new and more inclusive nature. The government offers this compromise to the Ojibwe; if it is not accepted, military action will be taken. (Mod Response)
  • Mod Response: The majority of the Ojibwe accept the offer, however a large number of the die-hards refuse to back down. The revolt continues but is no longer popular. 
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
  • In Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Industrialization is slowly happening. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Meanwhile, the Assembly seeks to formally establish relations with Bavaria and Scandinavia. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The military expands. Westphalia is again asked for a sample shipment of fustian.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1770, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I, aged 35, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg, and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In 1770, the Crown-Union continues to remain strong. Supported by the Deutsche Diet, the centralized, federal government is mostly resilient to instability and the possibility of insurrection. However, the issue of broader representation arises, seeing as how Brandenburg, Pomerania, and Venezia do not have any local representative body and only have a smidgen of representation in the Deutsche Diet, and the only representation there is through Bavarian or Austrian representatives. Over the course of a few weeks in February, several Venetians protest the lack of a regional legislature. The protests become heated and a few confrontations spring up between the city guard and civilians. Not wanting another rebellion to deal with, the Deutsche Diet comply and draft the charter for the Curia Venexia on March 24. Over the next month, the Diet allows for the creation of two other legislatures, namely the Curia Pomerania, obviously for Pomerania, and the Curia Marca for Brandenburg (Marca is an old Germanic word meaning March and refers to Brandenburg's status as a March/Margraviate in the early middle ages).The rest of the year is quiet as Bavaria continues to undergo the peaceful transition from a powerful monarchy with an only moderate legislature to a complex government where power is slowly, but firmly, moving into the hands of the parliamentarians. In other news, Mary I becomes pregnant for the first time at age 35, and gives birth to a daughter in November. She names the daughter Elisabeth-Anna Germania, symbolically championing her as the child of a unified, peaceful German nation. Mary I's doctors and closest advisors warn her to be careful in child-bearing at such an age. Mary heeds their advice and begins watching her health closely. In political news, the Deutsche Diet announce that Sybille, Duchess of Brandenburg, will be elevated to a Grand Duchess next year in reward for her service in the war.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. After the ascencion of King Frederick and Queen Mary in 1760, the Deutsche Diet is re-established and the parliamentarians are allowed to re-establish themselves there.
    • Flag of Austria'Kingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice'Kingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic, and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz Brandenburg'Duchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Duchess Sybille, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3'Duchy of Pomerania (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 36, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt Lübeck'City of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of Bremen'Bremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlag'New Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. News of the Austrian rebellion reaches Borealia. Many colonial Austrians are delighted at the notion of Austrian resurgence, and consistently poke fun at their Bavarian relatives, but ultimately, the situation is of little concern to them, as both groups live in relatively harmonious economic and social equilibrium.
    • NewSwabiaFlag'New Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlag'New Austria (Colony of the CUG): See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlag'Pearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alliegance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once co-operated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish 
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarussia and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.
    • Prussia: Infrastructure is improved. Frederick II asks France, Bavaria, and Oldenburg for an alliance. He also asks for peace with the countries invading. We begin converting those who are not Ludwigist into Ludwigists
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy and military of Scandinavia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Scandinavia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Scandinavian iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Bavaria, Pskov, the Roman Empire, Britannia, the Nehilaw and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian courts. The ports in Iceland are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach nine million by 1740. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. Homelessness in urban areas and overcrowding is becoming a massive problem, especially in Copenhagen. To accommodate, people are encouraged to travel to the New World. In political news, the House of Bjelbo-Griffins continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia reaps the benefits of the war in Spain, dominating the world market. During this period of economic power, industrialization and urbanization see significant rises. Scandinavia accepts the Aragonese request for formal relations.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 1000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. An outpost on Greenland is built.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expands.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.

1771

Murmurs of discontent and anger being to arise in the lands owned by the Japanese, as their harsh means of enforcing religious change begins to alienate many, some even amongst the Japanese themselves.

Manpower shortages prove to be a considerable burdern for Oldenburg officials in the Mesoamerican colonies, and unless these issues are addressed, many are fearing that the colonies may fall victim to squalor or disease or unrest or worse.

  • Kingdom of Castilla: The Kingdom of Castilia sees a slight demographical as immigration from former Spanish colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise. The Spanish population reaches about 10.5 million, mostly due to the large influx of Spanish immigrants coming from South America The Empire officially begins a reform of the economic system looking to get away from reliance on gold and silver to bail the economy out of crisis from war debt, The bullion is instead geared toward giving the empire a competitive edge in being able to invest millions on a whim in order to drive up investments and production. Phillip V from the House of Toledo assumes power in Castile after the long, bloody, coup. He promises to restore Castile to its former glory, to more or less of the empire it once was. Phillip V wastes no time in getting his restoration plans in motion. In order to improve the Spanish industrial force an invasion of Navarre is called upon, with he military mobilized and siege equipment deployed enforcing political hegemony in the region. Phillip V asks for nations to send supplies, and whoever does gets a discount of industrial Spanish exports in the next 30 years. and Meanwhile, the Castilian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets the fifth and sixth rates begin to become more standard as light and medium frigates for singular voyages and patrols among other things. The Castilian attitudes on industrialism continue to change but the nobility seems rather unhappy about having to see more common people in major cities. With relatively no sources of power, the natural sources of power, and in some cases manpower are used for the increasing amount of textile mills among other things. The flocking of populations to Northern Spain continues with a mass increase of population in Madrid, Zaragoza, Pamplona, and various other minor cities and townships throughout the north.
  • Buenos Aries: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. The navy continues to build more battleships. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. We Thank Uruguay for accepting the alliance. A border control team is being formed. Farming is our biggest industry. The population tries to mix the ethnicities of Spanish and Native. Also the population increase due to high birth rates. We continue to accept immigrants into our nation that were kicked out of the Inca Empire. We send supply ships to Castilia to help out with the revolution. (Turn Two of Three)

Posting for Scar over the weekend since he is on vacation Saturn120 (Talk/Blog) 14:31, February 7, 2015 (UTC)

There is no such thing as 'Castilia'. It's either the Anglicized 'Castile' or the Spanish 'Castilla'.  Cookiedamage (talk) 15:34, February 7, 2015 (UTC)

Whoops, that's what I meant to put, lol. Saturn120 (Talk/Blog) 15:36, February 7, 2015 (UTC)

  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy.The Emperor laughs at the absurd claims that the people of the Japanese Empire are converting to Shinto, given that faith in a religion is something one does not easily abandon and certainly does not give up for a polytheist religion thats based upon Gods descending from Heaven and giving birth to the Japanese people. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. Lanzhou, Shijuazuang, Hebei and Shangjing are all integrated into a single province known as the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, trade with the Japanese ports of Yantai and Qingdao comes to a complete halt.  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. Islam is allowed to flourish in Uighur Khanate and no interference is made in the religious matters for fear of the Uighur people rebelling. A major mosque is also constructed to please the Uighur for helping to crush the uprising in Lanzhou. [Mil/Eco Turn]
      • ​Manchu - Wu Diplomacy: We propose the creation of a Joint - Defence Agreement between the our two brethren nations. We also believe that trade between our nations should be boosted and general cultural exchange must take place.
      • Wu: We accept the Manchu alliance.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. Hearing of Oldenburgs manpower issues, Hamburg offers assistance in the matter. New Mecklenburg in Australia expands by 750px. In New Rugia, issues with the severing of inter-Maori agreements and deals, most concerning with trade, continue. In a closed session of the New Rugian legislature, the tribes that have accepted Hamburg citizenship are given permission to continue them covertly with willing tribes that have found themselves victims of Scandinavia's expansionism. In other news, Bavaria is sent an offer of Hamburg to purchase the land surrounding Lübeck.
    • Bavarian Dip: We agree to sell the majority of our Lübeck territory to Hamburg, save for the city of Lübeck itself. The area we would like to sell includes plenty of coastal and arable lands. Here is a map of our preferred transaction: 
      Lubecksale
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alliegance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once co-operated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion.
  • Inca Empire: With the death of Apeac III, the nations of Tawatinsuyu and Vorlayacor fall into a Personal Union. The Andean Monarchy remains in control of Tawatinsuyu and her Vassals. The population of Tawatinsuyu hits roughly 17 million. Military, economy and navy are improved. Cuzco remains the largest City in the nation, with roughly 170,000 people. Other Cities include Peru, Machu Picchu, Chimor, Sican, New Burgundy, Deutchburg, and Wari. Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. The Inca also begin to invest in Vorlayacor, encouraging the movement of Inca people into the nation to aid in recovery from the last epidemic. Buenos Noches are built up, each having around 1000 people. Military training between the two nations begins, with a military of 220,000. Navy is also built up, with the navy expanding to accommodate more ships. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed in the Inca. With the ongoing rebellions in the Spanish Territory, the Inca increase their military presence in the the newly acquired territory. The government passes a new act, selling land cheap to the Spanish in remote parts of the empire. The hope is that this will led to the Spanish spreading across the empire. The act, which was passed last year, has further displaced Spanish settlers. Another act, selling land to native settlers in the newly acquired Spanish areas, is passed. 25,000 men remain stationed on the border with Osea.With arms coming in from both the Romans and Castilians, the Inca military begins to expand. With the Deportation progrom continuing in the Inca and their associated states, the number of Spanish living in the empire sees noticable drops. The Inca Real slowly becomes the more dominant currency, though the Spanish Real is still widespread in the South.
    • Empire du Chimor (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly six million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Anca II takes the throne as the lesser king, and confirms his subjugation to the Inca. Military stands at 95,000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Empire du Collaquyimbya (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Collaquyimbya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 500,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Military stands at 10,000 irregulars. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Viceroyalty of Chile (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population of 350,000 the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Buenos Tardes is founded as the nations new capitalMilitary stands at 25,000 regulars. Various Natives, including Mapuche and Inca, make up the majority of the population and are the fastest growing ethnic group. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed
    • Domain of Tiwanaku (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 200,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Aymara is founded as a capital of the nation. Military stands at 6000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Vorlayacor (Personal Union with the Inca): Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. Military, Economy, and Navy Improve. Nov Xoryan also experiences growth under the Union, with a population of about 50,000. The population hits five million people, seeing growth with an increase of Inca Aid. Buenos Dias grows further, hitting about 2000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Military stands at 50,000. Steam power makes it's first apperence in the nation, improving travel and shipping drastically. The technology spreads slowly into the rest of the empire.
    • Domain of the Aymara: Inca movement into the area is encouraged. With a flood of new Settelers, the new nation reaches 45,000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is introduced into the nation giving Families with no native blood in them  or the ones who do not have an active military member have lessened political power. This, combined with the movement of Inca into the territory, encourages the growth of Mixbloods and the increased size of the military. The spanish population slowly begins to marry into the native population. The Inca Economic system is implemented, improving the Economy. The population of Inca and other natives in the area is 25,000. military and economy Improve, as does the navy.
    • Domain of South Chile: The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, the natives of Hesperia begin to see their populations grow in the new territories. Total population of the Area is roughly 78,000. Military and economy improve, as does the navy. the Inca/native population in the Area is 25,000. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.
    • Domain of Apeac: The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, Inca and other Native populations continue to grow. Population stands at 55,000, with Inca and natives making up about 26,000. Military and economy are improved. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.
  • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of Bavaria): Both the economy and military improve for the Boralians. Cities in the mountains, valleys and plains continue to modernize their industries, and the expansion of these businesses contribute to the growth of villages along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River) and Eastern Mountains (OTL Bitterroot Mountains) from Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City) as far as Lake Maria (OTL Lac St. Anne). Businesses for manufacturing carpentry, textiles, and metalwork continue to grow, and these commodities are exported to the neighboring French and German colonies by land and sea. Most productive is the buffalo industry, as these with books and newspapers are sold to the Nehilaw Sachemate. The professional army is continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery are manufactured. More caravels and frigates are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands. The university of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers, and it is here that detailed measurements were taken of the Great Comet of 1770. The first newspapers in Boralia are printed at New Vienna, and are distributed throughout the colony and to their neighbors. Hunting with rifles is now a common sport in the northeastern forests. The eastern villages continue to be armed with local militias. The trading post near the Lesser Adelheid Lake (OTL Lesser Slave Lake) is completed. The exploration team sent last year to the north Pacific discover the culture of the Kiatagmiut, and offer to trade them ale and buffalo skins in exchange for whale products. (Mod response)
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The Regency Council receives the distressing representations from the Governor of the Thabascho Protectorate regarding the manpower crisis, causing grave distress. OHG shares plummet as investors fear of losing Thabascho cacao. After receiving word of Hamburg's must kind and helpful offer of assistance, the Regency Council comes up with a three-part solution to the manpower issue. Firstly, Thabascho will become a penal colony, with the majority of Oldenburger criminals being transported for seven years or more to work as, effectively, government slaves. This sizeable workforce will give the Thabascho administration the manpower it needs to complete vital infrastructure projects, without the cost of hiring (and transporting) non-convict labour. Secondly, persuant of its offer of assistance, Hamburg will be given full military access to Thabascho and its waters in exchange for settlers (who will pledge loyalty to Oldenburg) and investment. The prescence of Hamburger ships and army units would no doubt also increase the available workforce. Thirdly, in order to make Thabascho more manageable for a metropole with such a small population as Oldenburg, the Regency Council offers The Netherlands the opportunity to gain the vast Thabascho interior in exchange for the Dutch settlements on the Northern peninsula of Newfoundland (see map). 
    PMIII 1771 Thabascho Land Swap
    The Council is confident that these three measures will not only put a stop to the current manpower problem, but will make Thabascho a sustainable protectorate of Oldenburg for many years to come.
    • Dutch/Westphalian Diplomacy: We accept Oldenburg's land swap offer (especially since that is roughly what I wanted the Newfoundland border to be in the first place).
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia, previously the Nehilaw, following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 4000 km this year. Algonquia influences Gojijijwininag to get a land border with French Borealia (Turn One of Three).
  • The Empire of Britannia: King Charles I dies, and his heir, Charles II takes the throne. Charles II begins to reform the Empire. First, he reorganizes the territories, and how they are governed. Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire are integrated into the Dominion of Upper Borealia. Mexaca, Yucatan, New Belfast, and New Geurney become the Dominion of Lower Borealia. Patagonia and the remaining parts of Argentina are now the Dominion of Hesperia. Ghana and Port Edmundburg become the Dominion of Africa. All of the nations remain mostly independent, with the Dominions taking care of matters affecting all of the nations in the sphere. In Britannia, a large amount of skilled laborers and tradesmen are gathered and sent to the new Dominions, to elevate them technologically. Southeastern Britannia, particularly London and the outlying areas, begin to really feel the effects increasing industrialization. Urbanization begins, and more infrastructure appears. Steam turbines are used frequently in factories and mills. Southern Scotland and eastern Erie also see these developments.
    • Dominion of Upper Borealia: Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire begin to industrialize and urbanize. A major emphasis is put on shipbuilding and manufacturing goods. Expansion resumes as a need for more raw materials manifests.
    • Dominion of Lower Borealia: Production of raw goods increases as a greater need for materials is felt in Britannia. Tradesmen and skilled laborers arrive from Britannia and begin to create the infrastructure necessary to manufacture goods in the colonies. This will theoretically save money, as the production of goods is cheaper in the colonies than in Britain.
    • Dominion of Africa: Rumors of precious metals and stones spark more expansion as Port Edmundburg expands east and Ghana expands west. Tradesmen from Britannia arrive and begin to build local infrastructure.
    • Dominion of Hesperia: The turmoil begins to settle after the Osean revolution. Most of the losses are not felt very significantly, as Britannian influence had not been cemented there. Local infrastructure begins to build, and raw materials are shipped back to Britannia to be processed.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. The French King warns, that if the HRE gets involved with the Rhenish rebels there will be a blockade to Hamburg's ships and Dutch if needed and an eventual war declaration, We ask them to stay away from the issue in order to not to bring old resentments and avoid further conflicts. France assures the Swiss nation that any intrusion in its territory will prompt the French forces in order to aid the Swiss government, the treaty to protect Switzerland and avoid any of the members of the treaty from influencing it, Italy and Lombardy are invited 
  • MOFRANCE

    Le French Murica Hahaha

    as well if they wish to do so. a few explorers settle the area of OTL Adelaid after their ship
  •  wrecks in the southern Coast of OTL Australia, they name the Outpost Trinity, the Wreckage soon becomes a local trading spot between the french traders and local tribes after the explorers are rescued later in the year. Map of le france as of 1770 (Excluding french australia) 
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.
        • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
        • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
        • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
        • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
        • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
        • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
        • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
        • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current prussian and Polish government
        • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
        • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • Uruguay: The military and economy continue to be improved. Roads are built, and the government begins a massive public works project to provide stable jobs for people. Trade picks up with foreign nations, and the government takes another census. Spanish and native languages still dominate the population. The government proposes launching a military operation to stabilize surrounding land in unison with other nations. 
    • ​Inca Diplomacy: We reject the idea for now.
  • Wu: Necessarily our military does stand up in a great passion. With economy building up and infrastructure is placed.
    • Yue: The great things about Yue would be a similar to build the infrastructure.
    • Nihonese Diplomacy: We ask Wu to confirm our alliance, and to ensure us that Nihon and Wu will continue our cooperation. We also offer extended trade and a royal marriage.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues. The government initiates the creation of the Slavic League.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
  • Nihon Theocracy: The military/economy is built up. The success of the war against Tartary is celebrated, but the country mourns not long after because emperor Yorishiyo Yokohama IV dies from a heart attack at the imperial court. Horiyoshi Yokohama IV takes over the empire, and he offers extra trade to France and the Netherlands. Kyoto remains the capital of the Empire. Imperial Shinto is spread more through the empire. The conquered regions are made into a vassal, Saharin. After the victory Horiyoshi gains more popularity, and his birthday becomes a national holiday. In the most important event of the year, Horiyoshi declares the Nihon Theocracy, a new government structure. The emperor is worshipped as the complete god, making him the Kami of Japan. With this new structure, immediately all practice of all religions but Imperial Shinto and Buddhism (for now) is made illegal and those who do not convert are killed. We warn the Manchu Empire to stop their aggression against the Chinese states. Buddhism is illegalized too this year, Shinto is now the only religion that is allowed. Kami Horiyoshi has a son, named Matsuda, who is named Shinkami Matsuda I. We offer an alliance to the Netherlands and France(although I think I already have one with France). Our persecution of Non-Shintos has a relatively good effect, as many Japanese (Japanese as in, the entire empire) convert to Shinto. Horiyoshi surprisingly decides to legalize Buddhism, seeing as many people inland follow the religion, and thus he allows it to exist along side Shinto. This is partially done because of rumours of disloyalty. We laugh at Manchuria's foolish attempts to make the world think we spread lies. Total BS. Horiyoshi does notice that Shinto's spreading occured mainly on the Main Isles, Formosa and the Chinese cities. Nihonese Manchuria experiences less effect, and it is even worse with Saharin. 
    • ​Nihonese Manchuria: Mil and eco built up. Imperial Shinto is spread. The capital is renamed to Manchuria-City (Manshū-Shi).
    • Formosa: The military/economy is built up. The capital is renamed to 新京都/Shin Kyōto(New Kyoto). Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Yantai:  The military/economy is built up. The city is used to spread Imperial Shinto into China
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come and defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Shanghai, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Qingdao, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Heinan, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Hong Kong: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Hong Kong, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Macau: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Macau, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Saharin: Military/Economy. The capital is renamed to Toyohara. Japanese settlers are sent to the vassal. Several Tartar inhabitants are sent back to the Tartary. Imperial Shinto is spread onto the territory. After noticing anger in the population of Saharin, the Kami approaches them and gives them more self-rule, as well as more Tartar representation in the local government. 
    • Īsutorando: Expands by 500 sq km. The capital is named Horiyoshi-Shi (Horiyoshi-City). The area currently isn't very fertile, and thus Horiyoshi orders focus on expanding the colony into more fertile areas. The first somewhat fertile areas are reached.
  • In Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Industrialization is slowly happening. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Meanwhile, the Assembly seeks to formally establish relations with Bavaria. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1771, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I, aged 36, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg, and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or DeutschlandQueen Mary I gives birth to a son at the end of this year, naming him Franz-Hector, after his father. In governmental news, the Deutsche Diet begins to grow into a very large political entity in the country. As it grows in power, it also grows in factionalism and ineffectualism, as evidenced by the nightmare that was the Austrian Revolt. Several parliamentarians agree that an executive leader of the parliament be appointed to 'keep the peace' during sessions. The monarch already acts as Supreme Chancellor, but usually rules in Landshut, being ineffective in Augsburg. In the late Winter, various Parliamentarians decide that a President (Präsident) will be the head of the Deutsche Diet. The details and aspects of such an office will be worked out over the next few years. Queen Mary I hears of these plans and publicly approves of them, noting the massive incompetence in the Deutsche Diet which may or may not have fanned the flames of the Austrian Revolt. However, as the year progresses, many governmental leaders in Austria become annoyed and petition the Queen for a leader of their own. On May 20, Mary I convenes with her advisors and decides to allows the Curia Austria to create their own head, but only if that head is a viceroy-type figure and acts as a crown representative. Furthermore, the head must maintain a steady communication with Mary I and make decisions based on his counsel with her. The Austrians accept the compromise, and create the title of Minister-Governor (Minister-Gouverneur). As with the Deutsche Diet, the Austrians will need to take a few years to develop the office of the Minister-Governor before electing anyone. In general news, the Brandenburgers, Venetians, and Pomeranians are content with their new systems of governance. As 1771 ends, the power of the monarchy continually wanes. Of course the crown has a significant amount of de facto power, but various diplomats and scholars predict that by 1800, the Deutsche Diet and all regional legislatures will have developed so far as to become the dominant power in the German world of politics. The monarch will be effectively relegated to the position of head of state rather than head of government. In territorial news, Bavaria sells the majority of Lübeck, save for the city itself, to Hamburg.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. After the ascencion of King Frederick and Queen Mary in 1760, the Deutsche Diet is re-established and the parliamentarians are allowed to re-establish themselves there.
    • Flag of Austria'Kingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice'Kingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic, and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz Brandenburg'Grand Duchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille, aged 40, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3'Duchy of Pomerania (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt Lübeck'City of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of Bremen'Bremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlag'New Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. News of the Austrian rebellion reaches Borealia. Many colonial Austrians are delighted at the notion of Austrian resurgence, and consistently poke fun at their Bavarian relatives, but ultimately, the situation is of little concern to them, as both groups live in relatively harmonious economic and social equilibrium.
    • NewSwabiaFlag'New Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlag'New Austria (Colony of the CUG): See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlag'Pearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish 
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.

1772

A volcano erupts in OTL Indonesia, killing several thousand villagers.

Some unrest begins brewing in Prussia as the ruling family insists on changing the religion of the population.

  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. A Joint - Defence Pact is established with the Wu Empire, much to the joy of the Manchu. Meanwhile, we continue our trade with the Roman Empire. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. Lanzhou, Shijuazuang, Hebei and Shangjing are all integrated into a single province known as the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, trade with the Japanese ports of Yantai and Qingdao comes to a complete halt.   [Mil/Eco Turn]

i**Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. Islam is allowed to flourish in Uighur Khanate and no interference is made in the religious matters for fear of the Uighur people rebelling. A major mosque is also constructed to please the Uighur for helping to crush the uprising in Lanzhou. [Mil/Eco Turn]

  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The regency Council puts its three-part plan into action. Eleven ships full of convicts and their soldier-overseers are sent to Thabascho. On arrival, they begin their lives of constructive servitude by building their own convict barrcks. Those not involved in that process are seconded to other duties, as required by the protectorate's administration. At the same time, Thabascho's ports are opened up to Hamburger naval vessels and the offer made for Hamburg to station troops in Thabascho if they so require. Finally, an official party travels to the regional capital of the inland region of the protectorate and, with their Dutch counterparts, read out the official proclamation ceding inland Thabascho to the Kingdom of the Netherlands. At the same time, a small official party from jacqueline, Neu Norderney take possession of all Dutch settlements on the Northern peninsula of Newfoundland, adding them to Neu Juist (sub-colony of Neu Norderney). The government's strong and thoughtful reaction to the Tabasco Crisis leads to a surge in the popularity of the Regency Council, and a rally in OHG shares.
  • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG): Both the economy and military improve for the Boralians. Cities in the mountains, valleys and plains continue to modernize their industries, and the expansion of these businesses contribute to the growth of villages along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River) and Eastern Mountains (OTL Bitterroot Mountains) from Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City) as far as Lake Maria (OTL Lac St. Anne). Businesses for manufacturing carpentry, textiles, and metalwork continue to grow, and these commodities are exported to the neighboring French and German colonies by land and sea. Most productive is the buffalo industry, as these with books and newspapers are sold to Algonquia, both the Nehilaw and the Ojibwe. The professional army is continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery are manufactured. More caravels and frigates are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands. The university of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. The first newspapers in Boralia are printed at New Vienna, and are distributed throughout the colony and to their neighbors. Hunting with rifles is now a common sport in the northeastern forests. The eastern villages continue to be armed with local militias. A make-shift town is appearing near the trading post at the Lesser Adelheid Lake (OTL Lesser Slave Lake). An exploration team in the north Pacific discover the culture of the Kiatagmiut, and offer to trade them ale and buffalo skins in exchange for whale products. (Mod response please?)
  • Inca Empire: With the death of Apeac III, the nations of Tawatinsuyu and Vorlayacor fall into a Personal Union. The Andean Monarchy remains in control of Tawatinsuyu and her Vassals. The population of Tawatinsuyu hits roughly 17 million. Military, economy and navy are improved. Cuzco remains the largest City in the nation, with roughly 170,000 people. Other Cities include Peru, Machu Picchu, Chimor, Sican, New Burgundy, Deutchburg, and Wari. Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. The Inca also begin to invest in Vorlayacor, encouraging the movement of Inca people into the nation to aid in recovery from the last epidemic. Buenos Noches are built up, each having around 1000 people. Military training between the two nations begins, with a military of 220,000. Navy is also built up, with the navy expanding to accommodate more ships. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed in the Inca. With the ongoing rebellions in the Spanish Territory, the Inca increase their military presence in the the newly acquired territory. The government passes a new act, selling land cheap to the Spanish in remote parts of the empire. The hope is that this will led to the Spanish spreading across the empire. The act, which was passed last year, has further displaced Spanish settlers. Another act, selling land to native settlers in the newly acquired Spanish areas, is passed. 25,000 men remain stationed on the border with Osea.With arms coming in from both the Romans and Castilians, the Inca military begins to expand. With the Deportation progrom continuing in the Inca and their associated states, the number of Spanish living in the empire sees noticable drops. The Inca Real slowly becomes the more dominant currency, though the Spanish Real is still widespread in the South. Laurtaro dies, and is succeded by his son, Laurtaro. Under the new monarch, the Grand Congress of Buenos Noches gains more power, pulling the various nations closer together. In the Inca Proper, reforms are past to limit the power power of the Inca in the Grand Congress. The Major Cities of Cuzco, Peru, Machu Picchu and Chimor are made into special government zones, electing their own representitves.
    • Empire du Chimor (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly six million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Anca II takes the throne as the lesser king, and confirms his subjugation to the Inca. Military stands at 95,000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Empire du Collaquyimbya (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Collaquyimbya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 500,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Military stands at 10,000 irregulars. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Viceroyalty of Chile (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population of 145,000 the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Buenos Tardes is founded as the nations new capital. Military stands at 25,000 regulars. Various Natives, including Mapuche and Inca, make up the majority of the population and are the fastest growing ethnic group. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed
    • Domain of Tiwanaku (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 40,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Aymara is founded as a capital of the nation. Military stands at 6000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Vorlayacor (Personal Union with the Inca): Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. Military, Economy, and Navy Improve. Nov Xoryan also experiences growth under the Union, with a population of about 50,000. The population hits five million people, seeing growth with an increase of Inca Aid. Buenos Dias grows further, hitting about 2000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Military stands at 50,000. Steam power makes its first appearence in the nation, improving travel and shipping drasticly.The technology spreads slowly into the rest of the empire.
    • Domain of the Aymara: Inca movement into the area is encouraged. With a flood of new Settelers, the new nation reaches 85,000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is introduced into the nation giving Families with no native blood in them  or the ones who do not have an active military member have lessened political power. This, combined with the movement of Inca into the territory, encourages the growth of Mixbloods and the increased size of the military. The spanish population slowly begins to marry into the native population. The Inca Economic system is implemented, improving the Economy. The population of Inca and other natives in the area is 40,000. military and economy Improve, as does the navy.
    • Domain of South Chile: The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, the natives of Hesperia begin to see their populations grow in the new territories. Total population of the Area is roughly 100,000. Military and economy improve, as does the navy. the Inca/native population in the Area is 45,000. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.
    • Domain of Apeac: The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, Inca and other Native populations continue to grow. Population stands at 60,000, with Inca and natives making up about 35,000. Military and economy are improved. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy and military of Scandinavia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Scandinavia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Scandinavian iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Bavaria, Pskov, the Roman Empire, Britannia, the Nehilaw and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian courts. The ports in Iceland are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach nine million by 1740. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. Homelessness in urban areas and overcrowding is becoming a massive problem, especially in Copenhagen. To accommodate, people are encouraged to travel to the New World. In political news, the House of Bjelbo-Griffins continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia reaps the benefits of the war in Spain, dominating the world market. During this period of economic power, industrialization and urbanization see significant rises. Scandinavia accepts the Aragonese request for formal relations.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 1000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. An outpost on Greenland is built.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expands.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life
  • Wu: For our courtesy of information, we accept Nihonese alliance. But for Joint Defence, we used to joined them, as far for our defensive forces. We also really apologize to Manchu Empire, so we cancel the alliance with him. As Nihon will join our side.
    • Yue: The Yue people really used to live in buildings. While some temporary construction site head into the capital city.
  • Nederlands (Nk is back): Economic growth continues as the former Spanish colonies are abandoned and trade starts to pick up in other parts of the empire. Cultural and scientific development continues in Brussels and Antwerp which are becoming the social and scientific heart of the Kingdom. Settlement of Guiana starts to pick up as the land is slowly tamed and the natives fall deeper into the amazon with the advance of civilization. The grand plantations in Guiana become the economic powerhouse of the colony producing coffee, sugar and tobacco. Guiana's population stands at about 150,000 with 50,000 of those being black slaves. Naval and military expansion continues as a strong force is needed to protect the far flung. Trade in the East Indies continues to be dominated by the Dutch, and colonization of the Maluka Islands begins with 15 pixels being annexed by the East India Company.
  • The Empire of Britannia: King Charles I dies, and his heir, Charles II takes the throne. Charles II begins to reform the Empire. First, he reorganizes the territories, and how they are governed. Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire are integrated into the Dominion of Upper Borealia. Mexaca, Yucatan, New Belfast, and New Geurney become the Dominion of Lower Borealia. Patagonia and the remaining parts of Argentina are now the Dominion of Hesperia. Ghana and Port Edmundburg become the Dominion of Africa. All of the nations remain mostly independent, with the Dominions taking care of matters affecting all of the nations in the sphere. In Britannia, a large amount of skilled laborers and tradesmen are gathered and sent to the new Dominions, to elevate them technologically. Southeastern Britannia, particularly London and the outlying areas, begin to really feel the effects increasing industrialization. Urbanization begins, and more infrastructure appears. Steam turbines are used frequently in factories and mills. Southern Scotland and eastern Erie also see these developments.
    • Dominion of Upper Borealia: Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire begin to industrialize and urbanize. A major emphasis is put on shipbuilding and manufacturing goods. Expansion resumes as a need for more raw materials manifests.
    • Dominion of Lower Borealia: Production of raw goods increases as a greater need for materials is felt in Britannia. Tradesmen and skilled laborers arrive from Britannia and begin to create the infrastructure necessary to manufacture goods in the colonies. This will theoretically save money, as the production of goods is cheaper in the colonies than in Britain.
    • Dominion of Africa: Rumors of precious metals and stones spark more expansion as Port Edmundburg expands east and Ghana expands west. Tradesmen from Britannia arrive and begin to build local infrastructure.
    • Dominion of Hesperia: The turmoil begins to settle after the Osean revolution. Most of the losses are not felt very significantly, as Britannian influence had not been cemented there. Local infrastructure begins to build, and raw materials are shipped back to Britannia to be processed.
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once co-operated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate.
  • Kingdom of Castilla: The Kingdom of Castilia sees a slight demographical as immigration from former Spanish colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise. The Spanish population reaches about 10.5 million, mostly due to the large influx of Spanish immigrants coming from South America The Empire officially begins a reform of the economic system looking to get away from reliance on gold and silver to bail the economy out of crisis from war debt, The bullion is instead geared toward giving the empire a competitive edge in being able to invest millions on a whim in order to drive up investments and production. Phillip V from the House of Toledo assumes power in Castile after the long, bloody, coup. He promises to restore Castile to its former glory, to more or less of the empire it once was. Phillip V wastes no time in getting his restoration plans in motion. In order to improve the Spanish industrial force an invasion of Navarre is called upon, with he military mobilized and siege equipment deployed enforcing political hegemony in the region. Phillip V asks for nations to send supplies, and whoever does gets a discount of industrial Spanish exports in the next 30 years. and Meanwhile, the Castilian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets the fifth and sixth rates begin to become more standard as light and medium frigates for singular voyages and patrols among other things. The Castilian attitudes on industrialism continue to change but the nobility seems rather unhappy about having to see more common people in major cities. With relatively no sources of power, the natural sources of power, and in some cases manpower are used for the increasing amount of textile mills among other things. The flocking of populations to Northern Spain continues with a mass increase of population in Madrid, Zaragoza, Pamplona, and various other minor cities and townships throughout the north.
  • Buenos Aries: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. The navy continues to build more battleships. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. We Thank Uruguay for accepting the alliance. A border control team is being formed. Farming is our biggest industry. The population tries to mix the ethnicities of Spanish and Native. Also the population increase due to high birth rates. We continue to accept immigrants into our nation that were kicked out of the Inca Empire. We send supply ships to Castilia to help out with the revolution. (Turn Three of Three)

Posting for Scar over the weekend since he is on vacation. Saturn120 (Talk/Blog) 19:32, February 8, 2015 (UTC)

  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alliegance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. The French King warns, that if the HRE gets involved with the Rhenish rebels there will be a blockade to Hamburg's ships and Dutch if needed and an eventual war declaration, We ask them to stay away from the issue in order to not to bring old resentments and avoid further conflicts. France assures the Swiss nation that any intrusion in its territory will prompt the French forces in order to aid the Swiss government, the treaty to protect Switzerland and avoid any of the members of the treaty from influencing it, Italy and Lombardy are invited as well if they wish to do so. a few explorers settle the area of OTL Adelaid after their ship  wrecks in the southern Coast of OTL Australia, they name the Outpost Trinity, the Wreckage soon becomes a local trading spot between the french traders and local tribes after the explorers are rescued later in the year. Map of le france as of 1770 (Excluding french australia) 
        • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
        • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
        • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
        • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
        • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
        • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
        • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
        • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current prussian and Polish government
        • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
        • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1772, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I, aged 36, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg, and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In others news, the Deutsche Diet continue to develop a leadership position that would effectively united the diet. In Austria, much of the same occurs, but develop is much quicker. In Austria, the Minister-Governor is both a royal representative, and a member of the diet. He is allowed a term of five years, much like the defunct Chancellor of the HRE. However, unlike the Chancellor, the Minister-Governor is not elected by the nation, but by the members of the Curia Austria and may renew his term once. The position will act as a head and speaker for the Curia, and will need a simple majority to be voted into office. The Austrians vote in 1772 and elect long-time parliamentarian and diplomat Joachim von Andres as the first Minister-Governor. He spends the first year of his term building up the tax base of Austria and better developing the administration and bureaucracy.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. After the ascencion of King Frederick and Queen Mary in 1760, the Deutsche Diet is re-established and the parliamentarians are allowed to re-establish themselves there.
    • Flag of Austria'Kingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Joachim von Andres since 1772, remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice'Kingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic, and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz Brandenburg'Grand Duchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3'Duchy of Pomerania (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt Lübeck'City of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of Bremen'Bremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlag'New Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. News of the Austrian rebellion reaches Borealia. Many colonial Austrians are delighted at the notion of Austrian resurgence, and consistently poke fun at their Bavarian relatives, but ultimately, the situation is of little concern to them, as both groups live in relatively harmonious economic and social equilibrium.
    • NewSwabiaFlag'New Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlag'New Austria (Colony of the CUG): See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlag'Pearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Grand Senate, at the behest of the Prussian representatives, makes a statement along with Supreme Prince Einzbern that if the von Hessens do not cease their religious nonsense, they will be removed from the position, by force if necessary.
      • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
      • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
      • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish 
      • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
      • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia, previously the Nehilaw, following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year.
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • In Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Industrialization is slowly happening. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. Meanwhile, the Assembly seeks to formally establish relations with Bavaria. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.

1773

Osea suffers a mild economic recession as a result of years of war. The state begins to recover by encouraging rebuilding and expanding existing trade connections.

A massive earthquake strikes southern Borealia near the border between the Dutch and British border. At least one city is destroyed and thousands are killed.

The Illuminati, a secret political society, is founded in Constantinople. Their first chapter house opens shortly after in the same city. (Don’t steal this.)

I'll bet $100 they are Turks

Honestly I'm pretty surprised nobody thought to include a secret society in the Principia Moderni franchise. 

Maybe Nk should setup his Elders of the Zion since hes got all the Jews. 

  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. Relations are established with the Tatars and we laugh at the foolish Japanese for like half of their ports are already shit. The Manchu Emperor has every single Shinto temple ever constructed destroyed since there are no Shintoists in the Manchu Empire anyway. The Emperor also announces a complete total boycott upon Japan which obviously will have a distastrous effect upon Yantai/Qingdao/Japanese Manchuria/Saharin etc since they definitely are not self-sustainable.  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. Lanzhou, Shijuazuang, Hebei and Shangjing are all integrated into a single province known as the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, trade with the Japanese ports of Yantai and Qingdao comes to a complete halt.  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. Islam is allowed to flourish in Uighur Khanate and no interference is made in the religious matters for fear of the Uighur people rebelling. A major mosque is also constructed to please the Uighur for helping to crush the uprising in Lanzhou. [Mil/Eco Turn]
  • '​'Kingdom of Castilla: The Kingdom of Castilia sees a slight demographical as immigration from former Spanish colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise. The Spanish population reaches about 10.5 million, mostly due to the large influx of Spanish immigrants coming from South America The Empire officially begins a reform of the economic system looking to get away from reliance on gold and silver to bail the economy out of crisis from war debt, The bullion is instead geared toward giving the empire a competitive edge in being able to invest millions on a whim in order to drive up investments and production. Phillip V, after signing a peace treaty with Navarre, launches a surprise attack on the parts that he didn't take, hoping to get control of all of the area that he had planned too. Meanwhile, the Castilian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more third rates, and fourth rates with the occasional second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets the fifth and sixth rates begin to become more standard as light and medium frigates for singular voyages and patrols among other things. The Castilian attitudes on industrialism continue to change but the nobility seems rather unhappy about having to see more common people in major cities. With relatively no sources of power, the natural sources of power, and in some cases manpower are used for the increasing amount of textile mills among other things. The flocking of populations to Northern Spain continues with a mass increase of population in Madrid, Zaragoza, Pamplona, and various other minor cities and townships throughout the north.
    • Kingdom of Navarre: The Kingdom of Navarre is incorporated as a vassal of Castilla late in the year after the Castillian-Navarrese War with much of the formerly western territory being transferred to Castilla. Being ruled by Ferdinand II, Phillip V's brother, Ferdinand II starts hiking up he Industrial effort in the land to help Navarre and Castilla become a word-class manufacturing power. Textile Manufacturing is slowly reopened, with more communities starting to recover from the war. Basque culture is allowed to flourish as it has, but with joint Basque/Castilian administration in more populated areas. Due to recovery efforts, Spanish troops only take place in the war against the remaining parts of Navarre, hoping to centralize the area and industialize it further.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion.
  • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG): Both the economy and military improve for the Boralians. Cities in the mountains, valleys and plains continue to modernize their industries, and the expansion of these businesses contribute to the growth of villages along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River) and Eastern Mountains (OTL Bitterroot Mountains) from Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City) as far as Lake Maria (OTL Lac St. Anne). Businesses for manufacturing carpentry, textiles, and metalwork continue to grow, and these commodities are exported to the neighboring French and German colonies by land and sea. Most productive is the buffalo industry, as these with books and newspapers are sold to Algonquia, both the Nehilaw and the Ojibwe. The professional army is continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery are manufactured. More caravels and frigates are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands. The university of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. The first newspapers in Boralia are printed at New Vienna, and are distributed throughout the colony and to their neighbors. Hunting with rifles is now a common sport in the northeastern forests. This year, rumors of gold among the Nehilaw are picked up by a newspaper in New Vienna. This sets off a massive gold rush to the north, creating dozens of unofficial settlements around the Lesser Adelheid Lake (OTL Lesser Slave Lake). The eastern villages continue to be armed with local militias. An exploration team in the north Pacific discover the culture of the Kiatagmiut, and offer to trade them ale and buffalo skins in exchange for whale products. (Mod response please)
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy and military of Scandinavia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Scandinavia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Scandinavian iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Bavaria, Pskov, the Roman Empire, Britannia, the Nehilaw and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian courts. The ports in Iceland are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach nine million by 1740. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. Homelessness in urban areas and overcrowding is becoming a massive problem, especially in Copenhagen. To accommodate, people are encouraged to travel to the New World. In political news, the House of Bjelbo-Griffins continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia reaps the benefits of the war in Spain, dominating the world market. During this period of economic power, industrialization and urbanization see significant rises. Scandinavia accepts the Aragonese request for formal relations.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 1000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. An outpost on Greenland is built.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expands.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life
  • Inca Empire: With the death of Apeac III, the nations of Tawatinsuyu and Vorlayacor fall into a Personal Union. The Andean Monarchy remains in control of Tawatinsuyu and her Vassals. The population of Tawatinsuyu hits roughly 17 million. Military, economy and navy are improved. Cuzco remains the largest City in the nation, with roughly 170,000 people. Other Cities include Peru, Machu Picchu, Chimor, Sican, New Burgundy, Deutchburg, and Wari. Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. The Inca also begin to invest in Vorlayacor, encouraging the movement of Inca people into the nation to aid in recovery from the last epidemic. Buenos Noches are built up, each having around 1000 people. Military training between the two nations begins, with a military of 220,000. Navy is also built up, with the navy expanding to accommodate more ships. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed in the Inca. With the ongoing rebellions in the Spanish Territory, the Inca increase their military presence in the the newly acquired territory. The government passes a new act, selling land cheap to the Spanish in remote parts of the empire. The hope is that this will led to the Spanish spreading across the empire. The act, which was passed last year, has further displaced Spanish settlers. Another act, selling land to native settlers in the newly acquired Spanish areas, is passed. 25,000 men remain stationed on the border with Osea.With arms coming in from both the Romans and Castilians, the Inca military begins to expand. With the Deportation progrom continuing in the Inca and their associated states, the number of Spanish living in the empire sees noticable drops. The Inca Real slowly becomes the more dominant currency, though the Spanish Real is still widespread in the South. Laurtaro dies, and is succeded by his son, Laurtaro. Under the new monarch, the Grand Congress of Buenos Noches gains more power, pulling the various nations closer together. In the Inca Proper, reforms are past to limit the power power of the Inca in the Grand Congress. The Major Cities of Cuzco, Peru, Machu Picchu and Chimor are made into special government zones, electing their own representitves.
    • Empire du Chimor (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly six million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Anca II takes the throne as the lesser king, and confirms his subjugation to the Inca. Military stands at 95,000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Empire du Collaquyimbya (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Collaquyimbya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 500,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Military stands at 10,000 irregulars. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Viceroyalty of Chile (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population of 145,000 the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Buenos Tardes is founded as the nations new capital. Military stands at 25,000 regulars. Various Natives, including Mapuche and Inca, make up the majority of the population and are the fastest growing ethnic group. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed
    • Domain of Tiwanaku (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 40,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Aymara is founded as a capital of the nation. Military stands at 6000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Vorlayacor (Personal Union with the Inca): Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. Military, Economy, and Navy Improve. Nov Xoryan also experiences growth under the Union, with a population of about 50,000. The population hits five million people, seeing growth with an increase of Inca Aid. Buenos Dias grows further, hitting about 2000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Military stands at 50,000. Steam power makes it's first apperence in the nation, improving travel and shipping drasticly.The technology spreads slowly into the rest of the empire.
    • Domain of the Aymara: Inca movement into the area is encouraged. With a flood of new Settelers, the new nation reaches 85,000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is introduced into the nation giving Families with no native blood in them  or the ones who do not have an active military member have lessened political power. This, combined with the movement of Inca into the territory, encourages the growth of Mixbloods and the increased size of the military. The spanish population slowly begins to marry into the native population. The Inca Economic system is implemented, improving the Economy. The population of Inca and other natives in the area is 40,000. military and economy Improve, as does the navy.
    • Domain of South Chile: The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, the natives of Hesperia begin to see their populations grow in the new territories. Total population of the Area is roughly 100,000. Military and economy improve, as does the navy. the Inca/native population in the Area is 45,000. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.
    • Domain of Apeac: The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, Inca and other Native populations continue to grow. Population stands at 60,000, with Inca and natives making up about 35,000. Military and economy are improved. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Nihon Theocracy: The military/economy is built up. The success of the war against Tartary is celebrated, but the country mourns not long after because emperor Yorishiyo Yokohama IV dies from a heart attack at the imperial court. Horiyoshi Yokohama IV takes over the empire, and he offers extra trade to France and the Netherlands. Kyoto remains the capital of the Empire. Imperial Shinto is spread more through the empire. The conquered regions are made into a vassal, Saharin. After the victory Horiyoshi gains more popularity, and his birthday becomes a national holiday. In the most important event of the year, Horiyoshi declares the Nihon Theocracy, a new government structure. The emperor is worshipped as the complete god, making him the Kami of Japan. With this new structure, immediately all practice of all religions but Imperial Shinto and Buddhism (for now) is made illegal and those who do not convert are killed. We warn the Manchu Empire to stop their aggression against the Chinese states. Buddhism is illegalized too this year, Shinto is now the only religion that is allowed. Kami Horiyoshi has a son, named Matsuda, who is named Shinkami Matsuda I. We offer an alliance to the Netherlands and France(although I think I already have one with France). Our persecution of Non-Shintos has a relatively good effect, as many Japanese (Japanese as in, the entire empire) convert to Shinto. Horiyoshi surprisingly decides to legalize Buddhism, seeing as many people inland follow the religion, and thus he allows it to exist along side Shinto. This is partially done because of rumours of disloyalty. We laugh at Manchuria's foolish attempts to make the world think we spread lies. Total BS. Horiyoshi does notice that Shinto's spreading occured mainly on the Main Isles, Formosa and the Chinese cities. Nihonese Manchuria experiences less effect, and it is even worse with Saharin. 
    • ​Nihonese Manchuria: Mil and eco built up. Imperial Shinto is spread. The capital is renamed to Manchuria-City (Manshū-Shi).
    • Formosa: The military/economy is built up. The capital is renamed to 新京都/Shin Kyōto(New Kyoto). Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Yantai:  The military/economy is built up. The city is used to spread Imperial Shinto into China
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come and defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Shanghai, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Qingdao, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Heinan, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Hong Kong: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Hong Kong, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Macau: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Macau, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Saharin: Military/Economy. The capital is renamed to Toyohara. Japanese settlers are sent to the vassal. Several Tartar inhabitants are sent back to the Tartary. Imperial Shinto is spread onto the territory. After noticing anger in the population of Saharin, the Kami approaches them and gives them more self-rule, as well as more Tartar representation in the local government. 
    • Īsutorando: Expands by 500 sq km. The capital is named Horiyoshi-Shi (Horiyoshi-City). The area currently isn't very fertile, and thus Horiyoshi orders focus on expanding the colony into more fertile areas. The first somewhat fertile areas are reached.
    • Just want to tell you that there are NO European mercanaries moving in and out of your Chinese ports because Sat killed every single European and Christian convert in the Japanese Empire. RexImperio (talk) 16:06, February 9, 2015 (UTC)
  • Empire of Lanka: The government mostly focuses on economic expansion, infrastructural expansion, and westernization. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Lanka making the empire more westernized. Most of the army is equipped with Dutch/western weapons and many cannons given to them over the years. Most of the army also have Dutch military training, to learn Dutch/western tactics, and the troop numbers continues to go up. The most recent census taken in 1739 accounts for 1,059,604 Lankan citizens (on the island and abroad). Trade posts continue to be built throughout the empire. The mostly complete, new capital of Waardige continues to be built (Turn One-Hundred-and-Five of Many).The Kust Weg continues to be used; mostly for military reasons. Dutch reformist continues to be sampled by a small percentage of the population with some converting, while others practice parts of both. Ranjit's previous education reform continues to be enforced. With new income from Madras, Senerat continues to update the navy with warships from the Dutch. There continue to be small incidences and disputes erupting throughout the empire between religious and cultural minorities. Relations continue to be improved with the nations of Urdustan, Ayutthaya, the Suri Empire, and Japan. Senerat continues Ranjit's program of inviting Dutch scholars to the nation. The new law code of Lanka is successfully enforced. The Lankastad of Madras is officially integrated into the Empire. To improve the nation's economy and make Lanka more similar to European nations, Emperor Senerat enacts another major reform which creates a provincial tax system. Each province is called a "Provincie" and is administered by a Count (a nobleman of Sinhalan descent). The empire is divided into these provinces, but the Emperor still directly holds a large amount of the former Kingdom of Raigama. Counts do not have complete control over their provincie, but they do keep a small portion of the taxes, and can start infrastructual projects. The counts also act as an early parliament and assist the Lankan emperor as a council.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: Having rid itself of the burden of half of Thabascho, Oldenburg continues ensuring the continued viability of the remaining half. More convicts are transported there, and more public works are carried out. Those convicts not required for building projects are sent to ork as unpaid labour on farms and plantations. Whilst some are worried that Thabascho will become entirely reliant on free convict labour, it is universally recognised as better than the alternative: decay and destruction. Hamburg is again offered Thabascho's ports and waters for its naval ships, and the offer for Hamburger soldiers to be posted anywhere in Thabascho still stands. In Neu Juist, work begins on integrating the Dutch inhabitants of the recently-gained Northern Peninsula. They are permitted to retain their language and religion, but are made to pledge an oath of fidelity to Oldenburg. Dutch-speaking lawyers are sent to live amongst the new Oldenburger citizens to ensure their welfare and to help with translation etc. The acquisition of the peninsula has added greatly to the Neu Juist fisheries, boosting the Neu Juist and Neu Norderney economies.
    • Hamburgian dip: the offers are graciously accepted, and equal offers are extended to Oldenburg.
  • Buenos Aries: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. The navy continues to build more battleships. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. We Thank Uruguay for accepting the alliance. A border control team is being formed. Farming is our biggest industry. The population tries to mix the ethnicities of Spanish and Native. Also the population increase due to high birth rates. We continue to accept immigrants into our nation that were kicked out of the Inca Empire. All of our ships return from Castilia.
  • Wu: After uniques of alliances gived us a very potentional to join Nihon Theoracy. As we support for Nihon for our great support and neighbours.
    • Yue: The Yue Government looks and eyes even for tower to build, even outposts and bunkers will be revealed.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. Maori tribes continue to trade with willing Maori on the north island and the, defying Scandinavia's ban, and the north islanders are continually reminded Hamburg respects pre-scandinavia deals. Meanwhile, trade with the non-citizen tribes on the South Island also continues.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia, previously the Nehilaw, following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1773, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I, aged 36, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg, and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In others news, the Deutsche Diet continue to develop a leadership position that would effectively united the diet. In Austria, much of the same occurs, but develop is much quicker. In Austria, the Minister-Governor is both a royal representative, and a member of the diet. He is allowed a term of five years, much like the defunct Chancellor of the HRE. However, unlike the Chancellor, the Minister-Governor is not elected by the nation, but by the members of the Curia Austria and may renew his term once. The position will act as a head and speaker for the Curia, and will need a simple majority to be voted into office. The Austrians vote in 1772 and elect long-time parliamentarian and diplomat Joachim von Andres as the first Minister-Governor. He spends the first year of his term building up the tax base of Austria and better developing the administration and bureaucracy.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. After the ascencion of King Frederick and Queen Mary in 1760, the Deutsche Diet is re-established and the parliamentarians are allowed to re-establish themselves there.
    • Flag of Austria'Kingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Joachim von Andres since 1772, remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice'Kingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic, and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz Brandenburg'Grand Duchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3'Duchy of Pomerania (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt Lübeck'City of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of Bremen'Bremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlag'New Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. News of the Austrian rebellion reaches Borealia. Many colonial Austrians are delighted at the notion of Austrian resurgence, and consistently poke fun at their Bavarian relatives, but ultimately, the situation is of little concern to them, as both groups live in relatively harmonious economic and social equilibrium.
    • NewSwabiaFlag'New Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlag'New Austria (Colony of the CUG): See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlag'Pearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alliegance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once co-operated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate.
  • Osea: In order to recover from the Recession, the Osean Government begins encouraging rebuilding and expanding trade connections. In order to rebuild and expand trade connections Osean President Moisés Macario proposes building roads and canals to improve trade by getting raw resources and refining them. He also proposes to create a Central Bank in order to stablize the money situation in Osea and thus have sound monterary policy. Macario also proposes increasing the number of schools and hopsitals throughout the nation and encourages the Osean people to unite as one. Macario says in his famous speech "Oseans, the time is now that we end our division with one another, for the time is now that we unite as one nation, as one people under God. Our brothers and sisters of the Revolution fought and died for our freedom, for the creation of the great Osean nation. We must not let their death go in vain. We must make this nation great and strong, and in order to do that we must have a strong econonomy, strong industry, and strong military. Before we achieve this we must have a strong people, and the Osean people are indeed strong. But we can be stronger and successful if we are united as one nation, one people under God. Once we are united, then we can have a strong economy through a strong central bank. With this strong economy we can build up our infrastructure with roads and canals, which will only feed our economy. When our economy and infrastructure is strong enough, we can support a strong military to make this nation even stronger by protecting ourselves and our friends and our freedom against our enemies. As Oseans it is our moral duty to spread peace and prosperity to all people, including our own. As such I propose the exapnsion of schools and hospitals to care for the sick and educate the young, so that the next generation will be more prosperous than ourselves. But in order for the next generation to be more prosperious than ourselves we must be prospous, and the only way to achieve prsoperity is to have a strong economy through the central bank,strong infrastructure through roads and canals, schools and hospitals, and a strong military through a strong economy and strong industry. Key to iniate our strength and heal the wounds of war, however, lies with trading with our strong neighbors, as such, we request trade agreements with the Andean Monarchy, Argentina, Buenos Aires, Uruguay, and Brazil. Key to iniate our strength and heal the wounds of war also lies with healing ourselves from within, to unite as one nation, one people under God!" (The people cheer in aplause at this amazing speech and the economy and industry is built up.) 
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. The French King warns, that if the HRE gets involved with the Rhenish rebels there will be a blockade to Hamburg's ships and Dutch if needed and an eventual war declaration, We ask them to stay away from the issue in order to not to bring old resentments and avoid further conflicts. France assures the Swiss nation that any intrusion in its territory will prompt the French forces in order to aid the Swiss government, the treaty to protect Switzerland and avoid any of the members of the treaty from influencing it, Italy and Lombardy are invited as well if they wish to do so. a few explorers settle the area of OTL Adelaid after their ship  wrecks in the southern Coast of OTL Australia, they name the Outpost Trinity, the Wreckage soon becomes a local trading spot between the french traders and local tribes after the explorers are rescued later in the year. Map of le france as of 1770 (Excluding french australia) 
          • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
          • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
          • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
          • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
          • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
          • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
          • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
          • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current prussian and Polish government
          • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
          • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Grand Senate, at the behest of the Prussian representatives, makes a statement along with Supreme Prince Einzbern that if the von Hessens do not cease their religious nonsense, they will be removed from the position, by force if necessary.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish 
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.

1774

Oxygen is confirmed.

YAAAASSSS! CONFIRRRRMM GORL!

Severe flooding in in the marshes of Powhatan.

The Illuminati begin to grow, opening chapter houses in Thessalonica, Athens, and Ephesus.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries.
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once co-operated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion.
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Inca Empire: With the death of Apeac III, the nations of Tawatinsuyu and Vorlayacor fall into a Personal Union. The Andean Monarchy remains in control of Tawatinsuyu and her Vassals. The population of Tawatinsuyu hits roughly 17 million. Military, economy and navy are improved. Cuzco remains the largest City in the nation, with roughly 170,000 people. Other Cities include Peru, Machu Picchu, Chimor, Sican, New Burgundy, Deutchburg, and Wari. Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. The Inca also begin to invest in Vorlayacor, encouraging the movement of Inca people into the nation to aid in recovery from the last epidemic. Buenos Noches are built up, each having around 1000 people. Military training between the two nations begins, with a military of 220,000. Navy is also built up, with the navy expanding to [[Click to Continue > by Info|accommodate]] more ships. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed in the Inca. With the ongoing rebellions in the Spanish Territory, the Inca increase their military presence in the the newly acquired territory. The government passes a new act, selling land cheap to the Spanish in remote parts of the empire. The hope is that this will led to the Spanish spreading across the empire. The act, which was passed last year, has further displaced Spanish settlers. Another act, selling land to native settlers in the newly acquired Spanish areas, is passed. 25,000 men remain stationed on the border with Osea.With arms coming in from both the Romans and Castilians, the Inca military begins to expand. With the Deportation progrom continuing in the Inca and their associated states, the number of Spanish living in the empire sees noticable drops. The Inca Real slowly becomes the more dominant currency, though the Spanish Real is still widespread in the South. Laurtaro dies, and is succeded by his son, Laurtaro. Under the new monarch, the Grand Congress of Buenos Noches gains more power, pulling the various nations closer together. In the Inca Proper, reforms are past to limit the power power of the Inca in the Grand Congress. The Major Cities of Cuzco, Peru, Machu Picchu and Chimor are made into special government zones, electing their own representitves. A strong republican movement begins, with the group proclaiming themselves The Republic of Andea, they seek to convert the Inca and all of her vassals into a Federal Republic.
    • Empire du Chimor (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly six million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Anca II takes the throne as the lesser king, and confirms his subjugation to the Inca. Military stands at 95,000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Empire du Collaquyimbya (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Collaquyimbya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 500,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Military stands at 10,000 irregulars. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Viceroyalty of Chile (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population of 125,000 the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Buenos Tardes is founded as the nations new capital. Military stands at 25,000 regulars. Various Natives, including Mapuche and Inca, make up the majority of the population and are the fastest growing ethnic group. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed
    • Domain of Tiwanaku (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 40,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Aymara is founded as a capital of the nation. Military stands at 6000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.
    • Vorlayacor (Personal Union with the Inca): Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. Military, Economy, and Navy Improve. Nov Xoryan also experiences growth under the Union, with a population of about 50,000. The population hits five million people, seeing growth with an increase of Inca Aid. Buenos Dias grows further, hitting about 2000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Military stands at 50,000. Steam power makes it's first apperence in the nation, improving travel and shipping drasticly.The technology spreads slowly into the rest of the empire.
    • Domain of the Aymara (Vassal of the Inca): Inca movement into the area is encouraged. With a flood of new Settelers, the new nation reaches 85,000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is introduced into the nation giving Families with no native blood in them  or the ones who do not have an active military member have lessened political power. This, combined with the movement of Inca into the territory, encourages the growth of Mixbloods and the increased size of the military. The spanish population slowly begins to marry into the native population. The Inca Economic system is implemented, improving the Economy. The population of Inca and other natives in the area is 40,000. military and economy Improve, as does the navy.
    • Domain of South Chile (Vassal of the Inca): The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, the natives of Hesperia begin to see their populations grow in the new territories. Total population of the Area is roughly 95,000. Military and economy improve, as does the navy. the Inca/native population in the Area is 45,000. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.
    • Domain of Apeac (Vassal of the Inca): The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, Inca and other Native populations continue to grow. Population stands at 60,000, with Inca and natives making up about 35,000. Military and economy are improved. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.
    • Osean Dip: We offer an alliance to the Incan Empire
  • Buenos Aries: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. The navy continues to build more battleships. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. We Thank Uruguay for accepting the alliance. A border control team is being formed. Farming is our biggest industry. The population tries to mix the ethnicities of Spanish and Native. Also the population increase due to high birth rates. We continue to accept immigrants into our nation that were kicked out of the Inca Empire.
  • Osean Dip: We offer a trade agreement with Buenos Aires.
  • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG): Both the economy and military improve for the Boralians. Cities in the mountains, valleys and plains continue to modernize their industries, and the expansion of these businesses contribute to the growth of villages along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River) and Eastern Mountains (OTL Bitterroot Mountains) from Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City) as far as Lake Maria (OTL Lac St. Anne). Businesses for manufacturing carpentry, textiles, and metalwork continue to grow, and these commodities are exported to the neighboring French and German colonies by land and sea. Most productive is the buffalo industry, as these with books and newspapers are sold to Algonquia, both the Nehilaw and the Ojibwe. The professional army is continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery are manufactured. More caravels and frigates are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands. The university of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. The first newspapers in Boralia are printed at New Vienna, and are distributed throughout the colony and to their neighbors. Hunting with rifles is now a common sport in the northeastern forests. This year, rumors of gold among the Nehilaw are picked up by a newspaper in New Vienna. This sets off a massive gold rush to the north, creating dozens of unofficial settlements around the Lesser Adelheid Lake (OTL Lesser Slave Lake). The eastern villages continue to be armed with local militias. An exploration team in the north Pacific discover the culture of the Kiatagmiut, and offer to trade them ale and buffalo skins in exchange for whale products. (Mod response please)
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy and military of Scandinavia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Scandinavia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Scandinavian iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Bavaria, Pskov, the Roman Empire, Britannia, the Nehilaw and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian courts. The ports in Iceland are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach nine million by 1740. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. Homelessness in urban areas and overcrowding is becoming a massive problem, especially in Copenhagen. To accommodate, people are encouraged to travel to the New World. In political news, the House of Bjelbo-Griffins continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia reaps the benefits of the war in Spain, dominating the world market. During this period of economic power, industrialization and urbanization see significant rises. In the meantime, a Danish chemist discovers oxygen after heating several compounds and observing a gas being released by these heated compounds.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 1000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. An outpost on Greenland is built.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expands.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life
  • Nihon Theocracy: The military/economy is built up. The success of the war against Tartary is celebrated, but the country mourns not long after because emperor Yorishiyo Yokohama IV dies from a heart attack at the imperial court. Horiyoshi Yokohama IV takes over the empire, and he offers extra trade to France and the Netherlands. Kyoto remains the capital of the Empire. Imperial Shinto is spread more through the empire. The conquered regions are made into a vassal, Saharin. After the victory Horiyoshi gains more popularity, and his birthday becomes a national holiday. In the most important event of the year, Horiyoshi declares the Nihon Theocracy, a new government structure. The emperor is worshipped as the complete god, making him the Kami of Japan. With this new structure, immediately all practice of all religions but Imperial Shinto and Buddhism (for now) is made illegal and those who do not convert are killed. We warn the Manchu Empire to stop their aggression against the Chinese states. Buddhism is illegalized too this year, Shinto is now the only religion that is allowed. Kami Horiyoshi has a son, named Matsuda, who is named Shinkami Matsuda I. We offer an alliance to the Netherlands and France(although I think I already have one with France). Our persecution of Non-Shintos has a relatively good effect, as many Japanese (Japanese as in, the entire empire) convert to Shinto. Horiyoshi surprisingly decides to legalize Buddhism, seeing as many people inland follow the religion, and thus he allows it to exist along side Shinto. This is partially done because of rumours of disloyalty. We laugh at Manchuria's foolish attempts to make the world think we spread lies. Total BS. Horiyoshi does notice that Shinto's spreading occured mainly on the Main Isles, Formosa and the Chinese cities. Nihonese Manchuria experiences less effect, and it is even worse with Saharin. 
    • ​Nihonese Manchuria: Mil and eco built up. Imperial Shinto is spread. The capital is renamed to Manchuria-City (Manshū-Shi).
    • Formosa: The military/economy is built up. The capital is renamed to 新京都/Shin Kyōto(New Kyoto). Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Yantai:  The military/economy is built up. The city is used to spread Imperial Shinto into China
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come and defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Shanghai, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Qingdao, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Heinan, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Hong Kong: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Hong Kong, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Macau: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Macau, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Saharin: Military/Economy. The capital is renamed to Toyohara. Japanese settlers are sent to the vassal. Several Tartar inhabitants are sent back to the Tartary. Imperial Shinto is spread onto the territory. After noticing anger in the population of Saharin, the Kami approaches them and gives them more self-rule, as well as more Tartar representation in the local government. 
    • Īsutorando: Expands by 500 sq km. The capital is named Horiyoshi-Shi (Horiyoshi-City). The area currently isn't very fertile, and thus Horiyoshi orders focus on expanding the colony into more fertile areas. The first somewhat fertile areas are reached.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: The nation breaths a sigh of relief [har har har], happy in the knowledge that Oxygen's existance has been proven. In other news, transportation to Thabascho continues, and the colonial authorities have managed to complete a number of vital projects, as well as starting numerous others. The arrival of Hamburgers also helps the fledgling protectorate get back on its feet. Military grows.
  • Uruguay: The economy continues to improve and trade increases with foreign nations. The Navy purchases an additional two vessels. The government encourages farming and increases food production.
  • Osea: The nation of Osea is finally Born and stabilized after years of rebellion, begins its centralizing development into a Federation. The Nations first constitution is drawn up by multiple major Figures most of which were from the major families which survived the War against spain years ago. The Nation itself draws itself as the true successor to New Spain and extends a diplomatic hand to the Inca state immediately nearby. With much of the farming lands and major production centers within the territory of Osea, left over from New Spain, Osea stands in a much firmer position populationally and resource wise than the Uruguayan and Buenos Aires provinces. The Nation of Osea, however, begins looking up ways on how to regain Buenos Aires and Uruguay considering their status as legitimate provinces to Osea being the New Spanish successor. With a population of 5.3 million Osea contains the majority of the population from New Spain and aside from the Major cities of Buenos Aires and Santa Sorrento (OTL Montevideo) the Osean state begins to draw up diplomatic overtures to many nations holding onto rightfully Osean territory. The Nation itself however re-establishes its new Capital of Santa Salvacion on the Fertile plains and with this begins building a new Modern city to house the Federal Government which has established itself.
  • Considering how spread out the people are and the major population centers of the region, that population figure seems a bit too high. 
  • Wu: The population increases to three million people in Wu nation. Military army in training, with economy still improving in good state. Wu looks to set to invade another Chinese state, but it's not confirmed yet.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alliegance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • In Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Industrialization is slowly happening. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
    • Bavarian Dip: Diplomats from Bavaria accept the offer of formal relations with Aragon, and ponder if those relations include a solid trade pact and alliance? The diplomats also apologize for the long delay in answering the Aragonese offer, as national instability and government change put diplomacy on the back burner.

Osea: One year after the President's speech the nation of Osea is strong as it united the Osean people as one people. This encouragement of nationalism lead to the creation of the Osean Central Bank in the Osean Capital of Santa Salvacion. The ecreation of the Central Bank leads to economic stablization and a sound monterary policy. In order to further strengthen the Osean Nation, however, President Macario proposes to further centralize the Osean Nation into a Federation. Macario also encourages more farming and expansion of industry to fuel the economy. Major funding is put into developing the farming and Osea begins to industrialize with a huge boom expcted in the future. Economic and industry turn. (KawaiiKame)

  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. The French King warns, that if the HRE gets involved with the Rhenish rebels there will be a blockade to Hamburg's ships and Dutch if needed and an eventual war declaration, We ask them to stay away from the issue in order to not to bring old resentments and avoid further conflicts. France assures the Swiss nation that any intrusion in its territory will prompt the French forces in order to aid the Swiss government, the treaty to protect Switzerland and avoid any of the members of the treaty from influencing it, Italy and Lombardy are invited as well if they wish to do so. a few explorers settle the area of OTL Adelaid after their ship  wrecks in the southern Coast of OTL Australia, they name the Outpost Trinity, the Wreckage soon becomes a local trading spot between the french traders and local tribes after the explorers are rescued later in the year. Map of le france as of 1770 (Excluding french australia) 
          • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
          • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
          • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
          • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
          • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
          • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
          • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
          • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current prussian and Polish government
          • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
          • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1774, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg, and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In others news, the Deutsche Diet continue to develop a leadership position that would effectively united the diet. In Austria, much of the same occurs, but develop is much quicker. In Austria, the Minister-Governor is both a royal representative, and a member of the diet. He is allowed a term of five years, much like the defunct Chancellor of the HRE. However, unlike the Chancellor, the Minister-Governor is not elected by the nation, but by the members of the Curia Austria and may renew his term once. The position will act as a head and speaker for the Curia, and will need a simple majority to be voted into office. The Austrians vote in 1772 and elect long-time parliamentarian and diplomat Joachim von Andres as the first Minister-Governor. He spends the first year of his term building up the tax base of Austria and better developing the administration and bureaucracy. In other news, the Deutsche Diet are close to implenting their Präsident position. Basically, a figure is elected from the Deutsche Diet to serve an unlimited number of terms. However, that figure must retain confidence in the diet, and this is usually ascertained by a parliamentary vote held once every five years. If the Präsident's parliamentary confidence falls under 30%, the Diet may create a temporary tribunal (which can be royal, secular or ecclesiastical) in order to closely judge the performance and ability of Präsident. A number of ten judges will be present, and a supermajority of 70% (or 7/10 judges) will be needed to resign the Präsident. The parliamentarians are relatively pleased with their new leadership position, and hope to hold elections next year. Already, several personalities are highly regarded after. Most notably are Saxon parliamentarian Gregory Hartingen and Bavarian war-hero Markus Mowkamp. Several Bavarian commoners, especially in the south, near Munich, Passau, and Linz, support Adolph Clemenz, and urge him to join parliament. The burghers of Munich go as far as to draft a petition pleading for Clemenz to join the Diet and eventually get himself elected Präsident. Clemenz enjoys the support, especially knowing that he was unable to defeat the Austrian Revolt, and rests easy knowing his countrymen still support him. The year ends peacefully. In royal news, Mary I has twins, one female, and one male. She names her daughter Marguerita, and her son Johann-Agatha.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. After the ascencion of King Frederick and Queen Mary in 1760, the Deutsche Diet is re-established and the parliamentarians are allowed to re-establish themselves there.
    • Flag of Austria'Kingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Joachim von Andres since 1772, remains the official legislature in Austria. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice'Kingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economic, and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz Brandenburg'Grand Duchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3'Duchy of Pomerania (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt Lübeck'City of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of Bremen'Bremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlag'New Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. News of the Austrian rebellion reaches Borealia. Many colonial Austrians are delighted at the notion of Austrian resurgence, and consistently poke fun at their Bavarian relatives, but ultimately, the situation is of little concern to them, as both groups live in relatively harmonious economic and social equilibrium.
    • NewSwabiaFlag'New Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlag'New Austria (Colony of the CUG): See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlag'Pearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia, previously the Nehilaw, following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Grand Senate, at the behest of the Prussian representatives, makes a statement along with Supreme Prince Einzbern that if the von Hessens do not cease their religious nonsense, they will be removed from the position, by force if necessary.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish 
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase

1775

A great fire destroys the Estonian city of Tartu.

Castile’s invasion of Navarre heavily damaged the nation’s industry, setting back industrial efforts for the next five years. 

The Illuminati continue to build up their power and influence, building chapter houses in Alexandria, Rome, Reme, Naples, Berenice, Tarnovo, Thebes, Corinth, Candia, Sinope, and Trebizond. Late in the year, the first chapter house outside the Roman Empire is constructed in Split, Croatia.

This is a bit too large of a growth don't you think? Several new houses not being inhabited, but built from ground up, in both Greece, Italy, and across the ocean in Reme? Way too much expansion imo, the group is still very young and I don't really see them as possessing that many resources and that much time to construct all of that within a year.

EDIT: And do we really have to pull an OTL society and just slap it into the PM3 universe? I mean, it's a bit anti-althist in my opinion. We know why the Illuminati existed in our time, and what catalyzed their creation OTL and kept them going, but we have no insight for that in PM3. In PM3, why are they here, why they are called the "Illuminati" what do they want to do, and what's their ideology? -Cookie

They are called the Illuminati because they're a group of Enlightened Men. What do they do? Stuf.. Whats their ideology? Set up a New World Order. -Rimp

  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. Relations are established with the Tatars and we laugh at the foolish Japanese for like half of their ports are already shit. The Manchu Emperor has every single Shinto temple ever constructed destroyed since there are no Shintoists in the Manchu Empire anyway. The Emperor also announces a complete total boycott upon Japan which obviously will have a distastrous effect upon Yantai/Qingdao/Japanese Manchuria/Saharin etc since they definitely are not self-sustainable. Meanwhile we attack the Imperium with Seige weapons.  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. Lanzhou, Shijuazuang, Hebei and Shangjing are all integrated into a single province known as the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, trade with the Japanese ports of Yantai and Qingdao comes to a complete halt.   [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. Islam is allowed to flourish in Uighur Khanate and no interference is made in the religious matters for fear of the Uighur people rebelling. A major mosque is also constructed to please the Uighur for helping to crush the uprising in Lanzhou. [Mil/Eco Turn]
  • '​'Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL cucuta) Sableville (In falcon venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten.
            • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
            • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
            • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
            • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
            • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
            • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
            • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
            • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current prussian and Polish government
            • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
            • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1775, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In others news, the Deutsche Diet continue to develop a leadership position that would effectively united the diet. In Austria, much of the same occurs, but develop is much quicker. In Austria, the Minister-Governor is both a royal representative, and a member of the diet. He is allowed a term of five years, much like the defunct Chancellor of the HRE. However, unlike the Chancellor, the Minister-Governor is not elected by the nation, but by the members of the Curia Austria and may renew his term once. The position will act as a head and speaker for the Curia, and will need a simple majority to be voted into office. The Austrians vote in 1772 and elect long-time parliamentarian and diplomat Joachim von Andres as the first Minister-Governor. He spends the first year of his term building up the tax base of Austria and better developing the administration and bureaucracy. In other news, the Deutsche Diet are close to implenting their Präsident position. Basically, a figure is elected from the Deutsche Diet to serve an unlimited number of terms. However, that figure must retain confidence in the diet, and this is usually ascertained by a parliamentary vote held once every five years. If the Präsident's parliamentary confidence falls under 30%, the Diet may create a temporary tribunal (which can be royal, secular, or ecclesiastical) in order to closely judge the performance and ability of Präsident. A number of ten judges will be present, and a supermajority of 70% (or 7/10 judges) will be needed to resign the Präsident. The parliamentarians are relatively pleased with their new leadership position, and hope to hold elections next year. That time comes in 1775, when the parliamentarians announce that elections will be held on March 20, the usual start of the spring equinox. Most are very enthuastic about the elections, including a surprising number of Austrians who would otherwise be highly skeptical and cynical of the event. The only truly reactionaries are key members of the Diet who fear a substantial loss of power and autonomy. Even Mary I, in a court address, spoke sardonically about the elections, unsure of the differences of herself and the Präsident. Many suspect the Queen of wanting to retain supreme control of the diet. Even though she is the nominally the Supreme Chancellor of the Diet, she will most likely try to impose more influence of parliamentary affairs from now on. Regardless of reactionary quirks, Diet popularity is high and the elections remain scheduled. The parliamentarians allow several men to run for Präsident, including Spanish war-hero Markus Mowkamp and Leipzig burgher-administrator Gregory Hartingen. In the north of Bavaria, public opinion sides with Hartingen, due to the fact that he is an ethnic familiar and his administrative talents appeal to the northerners. Those northerners have recovered from Frederick's Invasion quite well and have no real interest in Mowkamp, who was mostly fighting in Italy and had no experience in Frederick's Invasion or the Austrian Revolt. More praise is given to Hartingen when it is revealed that he was one of the few burghers to oppose Frederick and refuse to swear fealty to him. In the still war-weary south, more support is given to Mowkamp, who embodies Bavarian war spirit. Despite this southern advantage, it is clear that Hartingen has more support, both public and parliamentary. The Queen, a foreigner to both of these men, being the wife of the late King Frederick, supports neither of them. On March 20, the Parliamentarians cast their votes. Voting ends around the late afternoon, and it takes several teams of royal clerks about twenty-eight hours to tally the votes. The winner of the first presidential election is announced on March 21. With 60% of the vote, Hartingen wins, and is sworn in as the first Präsident of the Deutsche Diet, and in effect, the first de facto democratic leader of Germany, despite the election only being conducted in parliamentary walls. A few liberal Germans call for popular elections in the future. In other news, Gregory Hartingen begins his work as Präsident. One of the first things he does is convene the Diet in order to help promote industrialization within the country. Stuttgart remains the industrial capital of Bavaria, but because of the Spanish, Austrian, and Frederican Wars, industrialization has stagnated. Hartingen announces his desire to change that, and urges the Diet to fund several industries in Stuttgart, including the industries of manufacturing, production, and coal. Furthermore, Hartingen notes that steam technology should spread to all German cities, and points to Munich, Vienna, Landshut, Venice, and Augsburg itself as excellent locations to bring steam technology to. The Diet agree with Hartingen's argument and begin funding several companies in Stuttgart and allow for the patenting and construction of steam-based machines in Augsburg. The year ends on high note, with a modernizing Bavaria on the horizon and an end to governmental strife already had. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident.
    • Flag of Austria'Kingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Joachim von Andres since 1772, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1777. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice'Kingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz Brandenburg'Grand Duchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3'Duchy of Pomerania (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt Lübeck'City of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of Bremen'Bremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlag'New Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. News of the Austrian rebellion reaches Borealia. Many colonial Austrians are delighted at the notion of Austrian resurgence, and consistently poke fun at their Bavarian relatives, but ultimately, the situation is of little concern to them, as both groups live in relatively harmonious economic and social equilibrium.
    • NewSwabiaFlag'New Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlag'New Austria (Colony of the CUG): See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlag'Pearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG): Both the economy and military improve for the Boralians. Cities in the mountains, valleys and plains continue to modernize their industries, and the expansion of these businesses contribute to the growth of villages along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River) and Eastern Mountains (OTL Bitterroot Mountains) from Kristallstadt (OTL Salt Lake City) as far as Lake Maria (OTL Lac St. Anne). Businesses for manufacturing carpentry, textiles, and metalwork continue to grow, and these commodities are exported to the neighboring French and German colonies by land and sea. Most productive is the buffalo industry, as these with books and newspapers are sold to Algonquia, both the Nehilaw and the Ojibwe. The professional army is continually trained, while the forts on both borders are expanded and new artillery are manufactured. More caravels and frigates are constructed while coastal merchant trade expands. The university of New Vienna continues to produce new intellectuals and engineers. The first newspapers in Boralia are printed at New Vienna, and are distributed throughout the colony and to their neighbors. Hunting with rifles is now a common sport in the northeastern forests. This year, rumors of gold among the Nehilaw are picked up by a newspaper in New Vienna. This sets off a massive gold rush to the north, creating dozens of unofficial settlements around the Lesser Adelheid Lake (OTL Lesser Slave Lake). The eastern villages continue to be armed with local militias. An exploration team in the north Pacific discover the culture of the Kiatagmiut, and offer to trade them ale and buffalo skins in exchange for whale products. (Mod response please)
  • Buenos Aries: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. The navy continues to build more battleships. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. We Thank Uruguay for accepting the alliance. A border control team is being formed. Farming is our biggest industry. The population tries to mix the ethnicities of Spanish and Native. Also the population increase due to high birth rates. We continue to accept immigrants into our nation that were kicked out of the Inca Empire. We agree to a trade agrement with Osea. We also ask Osea for an alliance.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion.
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once co-operated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Military turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.

Inca Empire: With the death of Apeac III, the nations of Tawatinsuyu and Vorlayacor fall into a Personal Union. The Andean Monarchy remains in control of Tawatinsuyu and her Vassals. The population of Tawatinsuyu hits roughly 17 million. Military, economy and navy are improved. Cuzco remains the largest City in the nation, with roughly 170,000 people. Other Cities include Peru, Machu Picchu, Chimor, Sican, New Burgundy, Deutchburg, and Wari. Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. The Inca also begin to invest in Vorlayacor, encouraging the movement of Inca people into the nation to aid in recovery from the last epidemic. Buenos Noches are built up, each having around 1000 people. Military training between the two nations begins, with a military of 220,000. Navy is also built up, with the navy expanding to [[Click to Continue > by Info|accommodate]] more ships. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed in the Inca. With the ongoing rebellions in the Spanish Territory, the Inca increase their military presence in the the newly acquired territory. The government passes a new act, selling land cheap to the Spanish in remote parts of the empire. The hope is that this will led to the Spanish spreading across the empire. The act, which was passed last year, has further displaced Spanish settlers. Another act, selling land to native settlers in the newly acquired Spanish areas, is passed. 25,000 men remain stationed on the border with Osea. With arms coming in from both the Romans and Castilians, the Inca military begins to expand. With the Deportation progrom continuing in the Inca and their associated states, the number of Spanish living in the empire sees noticable drops. The Inca Real slowly becomes the more dominant currency, though the Spanish Real is still widespread in the South. Laurtaro dies, and is succeded by his son, Laurtaro. Under the new monarch, the Grand Congress of Buenos Noches gains more power, pulling the various nations closer together. In the Inca Proper, reforms are past to limit the power power of the Inca in the Grand Congress. The Major Cities of Cuzco, Peru, Machu Picchu and Chimor are made into special government zones, electing their own representitves. A strong republican movement begins, with the group proclaiming themselves The Republic of Andea, they seek to convert the Inca and all of her vassals into a Federal Republic. With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation, with abou 20,000 Spaniards migrating to the territory.

  • Empire du Chimor (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly six million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Anca II takes the throne as the lesser king, and confirms his subjugation to the Inca. Military stands at 95,000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation
  • Empire du Collaquyimbya (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Collaquyimbya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 500,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Military stands at 10,000 irregulars. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation, with about 1000 Spanarids migrating
  • Viceroyalty of Chile (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population of 110,000 the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Buenos Tardes is founded as the nations new capital. Military stands at 25,000 regulars. Various Natives, including Mapuche and Inca, make up the majority of the population and are the fastest growing ethnic group. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation, with about 15,000 Spaniards migrating to the territory.
  • Domain of Tiwanaku (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 38,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Aymara is founded as a capital of the nation. Military stands at 6000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation, seeing about 2,000 Spaniards migrating to the territory.
  • Vorlayacor (Personal Union with the Inca): Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. Military, Economy, and Navy Improve. Nov Xoryan also experiences growth under the Union, with a population of about 50,000. The population hits five million people, seeing growth with an increase of Inca Aid. Buenos Dias grows further, hitting about 2000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Military stands at 50,000. Steam power makes it's first apperence in the nation, improving travel and shipping drasticly.The technology spreads slowly into the rest of the empire. With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation
  • Domain of the Aymara (Vassal of the Inca): Inca movement into the area is encouraged. With a flood of new Settelers, the new nation reaches 79,000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is introduced into the nation giving Families with no native blood in them  or the ones who do not have an active military member have lessened political power. This, combined with the movement of Inca into the territory, encourages the growth of Mixbloods and the increased size of the military. The spanish population slowly begins to marry into the native population. The Inca Economic system is implemented, improving the Economy. The population of Inca and other natives in the area is 40,000. military and economy Improve, as does the navy. With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation, Seeing about 6,000 Spanairds migrating to the territory.
  • Domain of South Chile (Vassal of the Inca): The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, the natives of Hesperia begin to see their populations grow in the new territories. Total population of the Area is roughly 85,000. Military and economy improve, as does the navy. the Inca/native population in the Area is 45,000. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation, Seeing about 10,000 Spanairds migrating to the territory.
  • Domain of Apeac (Vassal of the Inca): The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, Inca and other Native populations continue to grow. Population stands at 60,000, with Inca and natives making up about 35,000. Military and economy are improved. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation. This year sees 5,000 Spainards migrate to Osea
  • In Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Industrialization is slowly happening. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: With Thabascho improving by the month, attention is given to the new parts of Neu Juist. In an attempt to include the Dutch-speaking population more, the Lieutenant-Governor of neu Juist authorises the formation of a Dutch-speaking militia, the Niew Juist Schutterij. Authorisation is also given for Dutch Reformed churches to be built. In other news, the military expands. 
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alliegance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia, previously the Nehilaw, following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy and military of Scandinavia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Scandinavia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Scandinavian iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Bavaria, Pskov, the Roman Empire, Britannia, the Nehilaw and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian courts. The ports in Iceland are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach nine million by 1740. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. Homelessness in urban areas and overcrowding is becoming a massive problem, especially in Copenhagen. To accommodate, people are encouraged to travel to the New World. In political news, the House of Bjelbo-Griffins continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia reaps the benefits of the war in Spain, dominating the world market. During this period of economic power, industrialization and urbanization see significant rises. In the meantime, a Danish chemist discovers oxygen after heating several compounds and observing a gas being released by these heated compounds.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 1000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. An outpost on Greenland is built.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expands.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Grand Senate, at the behest of the Prussian representatives, makes a statement along with Supreme Prince Einzbern that if the von Hessens do not cease their religious nonsense, they will be removed from the position, by force if necessary.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Governement of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worthy of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian Government. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable number of people stay, the goverement promising relief. 
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish 
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase
  • The Empire of Britannia: King Charles I dies, and his heir, Charles II takes the throne. Charles II begins to reform the Empire. First, he reorganizes the territories, and how they are governed. Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire are integrated into the Dominion of Upper Borealia. Mexaca, Yucatan, New Belfast, and New Geurney become the Dominion of Lower Borealia. Patagonia and the remaining parts of Argentina are now the Dominion of Hesperia. Ghana and Port Edmundburg become the Dominion of Africa. All of the nations remain mostly independent, with the Dominions taking care of matters affecting all of the nations in the sphere. In Britannia, a large amount of skilled laborers and tradesmen are gathered and sent to the new Dominions, to elevate them technologically. Southeastern Britannia, particularly London and the outlying areas, begin to really feel the effects increasing industrialization. Urbanization begins, and more infrastructure appears. Steam turbines are used frequently in factories and mills. Southern Scotland and eastern Erie also see these developments.
    • Dominion of Upper Borealia: Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire begin to industrialize and urbanize. A major emphasis is put on shipbuilding and manufacturing goods. Expansion resumes as a need for more raw materials manifests.
    • Dominion of Lower Borealia: Production of raw goods increases as a greater need for materials is felt in Britannia. Tradesmen and skilled laborers arrive from Britannia and begin to create the infrastructure necessary to manufacture goods in the colonies. This will theoretically save money, as the production of goods is cheaper in the colonies than in Britain.
    • Dominion of Africa: Rumors of precious metals and stones spark more expansion as Port Edmundburg expands east and Ghana expands west. Tradesmen from Britannia arrive and begin to build local infrastructure.
    • Dominion of Hesperia: The turmoil begins to settle after the Osean revolution. Most of the losses are not felt very significantly, as Britannian influence had not been cemented there. Local infrastructure begins to build, and raw materials are shipped back to Britannia to be processed.

1776

The Illuminati open chapter houses in Florence, London, Barcelona, and Amsterdam. Attempts by the Illuminati to open chapter houses in Castile and France are prevented by local authorities.

Again, incredibly implausible growth rates. Honestly the Illuminati has chapter houses all over Greece and in Borealia and now in Italy, Britannia, and the Netherlands yet it's been around for only two years ... I made this point last turn but no one bothered answering me so??? -Cookie 

Looks like the NWO is coming earier than I thought, LOL

IDK but I don't think that the Illuminati started to spread that fast. They didn't get much power until after the Napoleonic Wars and WWI. [If ya believe in Illuminati, that is]. + Illuminati kinda spread faster in Catholic areas due to support of Popes or Jesuits or something IDK details. 

"The Illuminati — along with Freemasonry and other secret societies — were outlawed through Edict, by the Bavarian ruler, Charles Theodore, with the encouragement of the Roman Catholic Church, in 1784, 1785, 1787 and 1790." [Okay, so it's from Wikipedia, but it has a citation] It doesn't seem from that that the OTL Illuminati had any Catholic support. Callumthered (talk)
It most likely did after the Napoleonic Wars
  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. In Borealia, several protests of colonists erupt over perceived lack of representation and over taxing. Representatives from Belize, Karolina, and New Brunswick meet in New Hamburg. There they establish the "Continental Congress" and write up a list of grievances to send to the Duke, called the "Olive Branch Petition". Despite the initial reaction of the High Council, as well as a sizable percentage of Parliament, Duke Friedrich urges an open-minded attitude towards it. After several debates, many of the ministers, and some of the High Councilors, drop their opposition. Representatives from the Continental Congress are invited to "Old Hamburg" to state their grievances personally.
    • Olive Branch Petition? Continental Congress? WAY too similar to OTL, and you need to be much more specific of why there are colonial grievances or else it'll just seem like you're copying the American Rev.. -Cookie
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Grand Senate, at the behest of the Prussian representatives, makes a statement along with Supreme Prince Einzbern that if the von Hessens do not cease their religious nonsense, they will be removed from the position, by force if necessary.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Governement of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worhty of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian Governement. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable of people stay, the goverement promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. Relations are established with the Tatars and we laugh at the foolish Japanese for like half of their ports are already shit. The Manchu Emperor has every single Shinto temple ever constructed destroyed since there are no Shintoists in the Manchu Empire anyway. The Emperor also announces a complete total boycott upon Japan which obviously will have a distastrous effect upon Yantai/Qingdao/Japanese Manchuria/Saharin etc since they definitely are not self-sustainable. In response to the Japanese declaration of war, we prepare to defend our freedom against the heinous japanese invaders!  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. Lanzhou, Shijuazuang, Hebei and Shangjing are all integrated into a single province known as the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, trade with the Japanese ports of Yantai and Qingdao comes to a complete halt.   [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. Islam is allowed to flourish in Uighur Khanate and no interference is made in the religious matters for fear of the Uighur people rebelling. A major mosque is also constructed to please the Uighur for helping to crush the uprising in Lanzhou. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Not remotly plausible to have removed every Shinto imo.
  • '​'Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion.
  • Buenos Aries: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. The navy continues to build more battleships. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. A border control team is protecting the borders. Farming is our biggest industry. The population tries to mix the ethnicities of Spanish and Native. Also the population increase due to high birth rates. We continue to accept immigrants into our nation that were kicked out of the Inca Empire.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In falcon venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten.
    • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current prussian and Polish government
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
    • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • The Empire of Britannia: King Charles I dies, and his heir, Charles II takes the throne. Charles II begins to reform the Empire. First, he reorganizes the territories, and how they are governed. Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire are integrated into the Dominion of Upper Borealia. Mexaca, Yucatan, New Belfast, and New Geurney become the Dominion of Lower Borealia. Patagonia and the remaining parts of Argentina are now the Dominion of Hesperia. Ghana and Port Edmundburg become the Dominion of Africa. All of the nations remain mostly independent, with the Dominions taking care of matters affecting all of the nations in the sphere. In Britannia, a large amount of skilled laborers and tradesmen are gathered and sent to the new Dominions, to elevate them technologically. Southeastern Britannia, particularly London and the outlying areas, begin to really feel the effects increasing industrialization. Urbanization begins, and more infrastructure appears. Steam turbines are used frequently in factories and mills. Southern Scotland and eastern Erie also see these developments.
    • Dominion of Upper Borealia: Arcadia and New Cambridgeshire begin to industrialize and urbanize. A major emphasis is put on shipbuilding and manufacturing goods. Expansion resumes as a need for more raw materials manifests.
    • Dominion of Lower Borealia: Production of raw goods increases as a greater need for materials is felt in Britannia. Tradesmen and skilled laborers arrive from Britannia and begin to create the infrastructure necessary to manufacture goods in the colonies. This will theoretically save money, as the production of goods is cheaper in the colonies than in Britain.
    • Dominion of Africa: Rumors of precious metals and stones spark more expansion as Port Edmundburg expands east and Ghana expands west. Tradesmen from Britannia arrive and begin to build local infrastructure.
    • Dominion of Hesperia: The turmoil begins to settle after the Osean revolution. Most of the losses are not felt very significantly, as Britannian influence had not been cemented there. Local infrastructure begins to build, and raw materials are shipped back to Britannia to be processed.
  • Prussia: Infrastructure is improved. An alliance with Bavaria is asked for. Frederick II begins writing music as a past time, similar to his ancestors.
  • Osea: Last year, the Crisis of the Two Governments occured, resulting in an entire year of the Government not doing anything. Naturally, this lead to unrest across the nation of Osea. Fortunately the crisis has ended, as President Macario ended the crisis by ending the Government, calling ineffective and innefficient. Now that President Macario has assumed power he becomes Dictator Macario, and now has absolute control over Osea. With this power, he reestablishes the Central Osean Bank. In order to calm the poeple Dictator Mocario makes this speech "People of Osea, my people, please do not panic. While our previous system of government has failed to bring stability and order to this nation, I have made a new government which has succeeded in bringing stability and order to this nation. My plan is to centralize this nation and to Federate it so we can be a successful nation of strong economics, strong industry, and strong military. But in order for this everyone must lay down their arms of rebellion and revolt, for the crisis is over, order is restored, and if you all cooperate with me in unity, this great nation will be restored. Not only will Osea be restored, but upon the ashes of this crisis, and of the previous war I shall make this nation better that it ever was. This all starts with reestablishing order, which requires calmness and cooperation in love and brotherhood. This is my only request, to remain calm and be cooperative, that is the key to success, that is the key to stability." The crowd rises in support and applause and the economy and industry is built up. 
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: Infrastructure in Oldenburg and the colonies os worked on. the turnpike trusts have done an excellent job so far of improving road conditions in Oldenburg, and attempts are made to establish trusts in the colonies. The lack of sufficient capital is an issue, however, and only the Lord of Neu Norderney and the OHG are able to form small trusts. The Thabascho port facilities are worked on by convict labour. 
  • Nihon Theocracy: The military/economy is built up. The success of the war against Tartary is celebrated, but the country mourns not long after because emperor Yorishiyo Yokohama IV dies from a heart attack at the imperial court. Horiyoshi Yokohama IV takes over the empire, and he offers extra trade to France and the Netherlands. Kyoto remains the capital of the Empire. Imperial Shinto is spread more through the empire. The conquered regions are made into a vassal, Saharin. After the victory Horiyoshi gains more popularity, and his birthday becomes a national holiday. In the most important event of the year, Horiyoshi declares the Nihon Theocracy, a new government structure. The emperor is worshipped as the complete god, making him the Kami of Japan. With this new structure, immediately all practice of all religions but Imperial Shinto and Buddhism (for now) is made illegal and those who do not convert are killed. We warn the Manchu Empire to stop their aggression against the Chinese states. Buddhism is illegalized too this year, Shinto is now the only religion that is allowed. Kami Horiyoshi has a son, named Matsuda, who is named Shinkami Matsuda I. We offer an alliance to the Netherlands and France(although I think I already have one with France). Our persecution of Non-Shintos has a relatively good effect, as many Japanese (Japanese as in, the entire empire) convert to Shinto. Horiyoshi surprisingly decides to legalize Buddhism, seeing as many people inland follow the religion, and thus he allows it to exist alongside Shinto. This is partially done because of rumours of disloyalty. We laugh at Manchuria's foolish attempts to make the world think we spread lies. Total BS. Horiyoshi does notice that Shinto's spreading occured mainly on the Main Isles, Formosa and the Chinese cities. Nihonese Manchuria experiences less effect, and it is even worse with Saharin. In response to Manchu agresssion and their insults against our empire, we attack the Manchu Empire with 150.000 men. We call upon the WU EMPIRE and KOREA to aid us in this attack. We tell both that the Manchu Empire has the intent to destroy them, and that we intent to keep them alive by destroying the threat. We also ask the 'NETHERLANDS 'to join us, in exchange for that we would give them Papua.
    • ​Nihonese Manchuria: Mil and eco built up. Imperial Shinto is spread. The capital is renamed to Manchuria-City (Manshū-Shi).
    • Formosa: The military/economy is built up. The capital is renamed to 新京都/Shin Kyōto(New Kyoto). Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Yantai: The military/economy is built up. The city is used to spread Imperial Shinto into China.
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come and defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Shanghai, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Qingdao, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies. Imperial Shinto is spread.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Heinan, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Hong Kong: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Hong Kong, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Macau: Military/Economy. Horiyoshi orders the process of Japanising Macau, with the intent of keeping it under Japan's control. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Saharin: Military/Economy. The capital is renamed to Toyohara. Japanese settlers are sent to the vassal. Several Tartar inhabitants are sent back to the Tartary. Imperial Shinto is spread onto the territory. After noticing anger in the population of Saharin, the Kami approaches them and gives them more self-rule, as well as more Tartar representation in the local government. Locals are promised extra food and money in exchange for service in the Nihonese Army.
    • Īsutorando: Expands by 500 sq km. The capital is named Horiyoshi-Shi (Horiyoshi-City). The area currently isn't very fertile, and thus Horiyoshi orders focus on expanding the colony into more fertile areas. The first somewhat fertile areas are reached.
  • Wu: We will aid Nihon Theoracy for their help to join a war between Manchu Empire. We wish to be their supports and send about 200,000 troops to engage.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia, previously the Nehilaw, following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alliegance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • In Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Industrialization is slowly happening. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • nca Empire: With the death of Apeac III, the nations of Tawatinsuyu and Vorlayacor fall into a Personal Union. The Andean Monarchy remains in control of Tawatinsuyu and her Vassals. The population of Tawatinsuyu hits roughly 17 million. Military, economy and navy are improved. Cuzco remains the largest City in the nation, with roughly 170,000 people. Other Cities include Peru, Machu Picchu, Chimor, Sican, New Burgundy, Deutchburg, and Wari. Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. The Inca also begin to invest in Vorlayacor, encouraging the movement of Inca people into the nation to aid in recovery from the last epidemic. Buenos Noches are built up, each having around 1000 people. Military training between the two nations begins, with a military of 220,000. Navy is also built up, with the navy expanding to [[Click to Continue > by Info|accommodate]] more ships. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed in the Inca. With the ongoing rebellions in the Spanish Territory, the Inca increase their military presence in the the newly acquired territory. The government passes a new act, selling land cheap to the Spanish in remote parts of the empire. The hope is that this will led to the Spanish spreading across the empire. The act, which was passed last year, has further displaced Spanish settlers. Another act, selling land to native settlers in the newly acquired Spanish areas, is passed. 25,000 men remain stationed on the border with Osea. With arms coming in from both the Romans and Castilians, the Inca military begins to expand. With the Deportation progrom continuing in the Inca and their associated states, the number of Spanish living in the empire sees noticable drops. The Inca Real slowly becomes the more dominant currency, though the Spanish Real is still widespread in the South. Laurtaro dies, and is succeded by his son, Laurtaro. Under the new monarch, the Grand Congress of Buenos Noches gains more power, pulling the various nations closer together. In the Inca Proper, reforms are past to limit the power power of the Inca in the Grand Congress. The Major Cities of Cuzco, Peru, Machu Picchu and Chimor are made into special government zones, electing their own representitves. A strong republican movement begins, with the group proclaiming themselves The Republic of Andea, they seek to convert the Inca and all of her vassals into a Federal Republic. With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation, with abou 20,000 Spaniards migrating to the territory.
    • Empire du Chimor (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly six million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Anca II takes the throne as the lesser king, and confirms his subjugation to the Inca. Military stands at 95,000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed.With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation
    • Empire du Collaquyimbya (Personal Union with the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Collaquyimbya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 500,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Military stands at 10,000 irregulars. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation, with about 1000 Spanarids migrating
    • Viceroyalty of Chile (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population of 110,000 the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Buenos Tardes is founded as the nations new capital. Military stands at 25,000 regulars. Various Natives, including Mapuche and Inca, make up the majority of the population and are the fastest growing ethnic group. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation, with about 15,000 Spaniards migrating to the territory.
    • Domain of Tiwanaku (Vassal of the Inca): Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 38,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. The City of Aymara is founded as a capital of the nation. Military stands at 6000 men. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation, seeing about 2,000 Spaniards migrating to the territory.
    • Vorlayacor (Personal Union with the Inca): Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. Military, Economy, and Navy Improve. Nov Xoryan also experiences growth under the Union, with a population of about 50,000. The population hits five million people, seeing growth with an increase of Inca Aid. Buenos Dias grows further, hitting about 2000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Military stands at 50,000. Steam power makes it's first apperence in the nation, improving travel and shipping drasticly.The technology spreads slowly into the rest of the empire. With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation
    • Domain of the Aymara (Vassal of the Inca): Inca movement into the area is encouraged. With a flood of new Settelers, the new nation reaches 79,000 people. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is introduced into the nation giving Families with no native blood in them  or the ones who do not have an active military member have lessened political power. This, combined with the movement of Inca into the territory, encourages the growth of Mixbloods and the increased size of the military. The spanish population slowly begins to marry into the native population. The Inca Economic system is implemented, improving the Economy. The population of Inca and other natives in the area is 40,000. military and economy Improve, as does the navy. With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation, Seeing about 6,000 Spanairds migrating to the territory.
    • Domain of South Chile (Vassal of the Inca): The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, the natives of Hesperia begin to see their populations grow in the new territories. Total population of the Area is roughly 85,000. Military and economy improve, as does the navy. the Inca/native population in the Area is 45,000. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation, Seeing about 10,000 Spanairds migrating to the territory.
    • Domain of Apeac (Vassal of the Inca): The Buenos Noches Doctrine is passed. Encouraging interbreeding, Inca and other Native populations continue to grow. Population stands at 60,000, with Inca and natives making up about 35,000. Military and economy are improved. the Inca economic system begins to take form in the nation.With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish families begin to migrate in large numbers to the new nation. This year sees 5,000 Spainards migrate to Osea
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1776, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up. She dies in 1776, and parititions her estate between Franz-Hector, Joan, and Anne. A funeral is hosted by Queen Mary I. Princess Joan acts as chief mourner, living with her the majority of her life as well as suffering through imprisonment with her. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In royal news, Queen Mary I attempts to secure executive power for herself by appointing several talented financiers and statesmen to her privy councils. Many courtiers whisper about this, believing the Queen is doing this in order to not immediately lose power to the newly reformed Diet. The new councillors are rumored to perform well and admirably, allocating parts of the royal treasury in order to launch a minor tax reform in southern Bavaria. This also helps improve the economy while alleviating the tax burden. In other news, Adolph Clemenz continues to express interest in being in the Diet. However, he may not be allowed to enter the Diet due to his unlanded status. It is important to note that the Diet is not a popularly elected institution. Instead, the parliamentarians only convene there due to their virtues as being nobles or burghers. Adolph Clemenz, while a military figure, would have to earn himself some sort of title to be accepted into the Diet. Knowing this, Clemenz also begins an informal campaign to get himself elected into the city council of Munich. Simultaneously, many landowning noblemen not apart of the Diet are angered at their lack of suffrage. To them, the Diet should represent a virtuous, democratic Roman institution rather than an aristocratic, hereditary one. Thus, the notion of transforming the Diet into a popularly elected institution takes hold. The rest of the year drifts by peacefully.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident.
    • Flag of Austria'Kingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Joachim von Andres since 1772, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1777. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice'Kingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz Brandenburg'Grand Duchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3'Duchy of Pomerania (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt Lübeck'City of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of Bremen'Bremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlag'New Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. News of the Austrian rebellion reaches Borealia. Many colonial Austrians are delighted at the notion of Austrian resurgence, and consistently poke fun at their Bavarian relatives, but ultimately, the situation is of little concern to them, as both groups live in relatively harmonious economic and social equilibrium.
    • NewSwabiaFlag'New Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlag'New Austria (Colony of the CUG): See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlag'Pearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy and military of Scandinavia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Scandinavia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Scandinavian iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Bavaria, Pskov, the Roman Empire, Britannia, the Nehilaw and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian courts. The ports in Iceland are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach nine million by 1740. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. Homelessness in urban areas and overcrowding is becoming a massive problem, especially in Copenhagen. To accommodate, people are encouraged to travel to the New World. In political news, the House of Bjelbo-Griffins continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia reaps the benefits of the war in Spain, dominating the world market. During this period of economic power, industrialization and urbanization see significant rises. In the meantime, a Danish chemist discovers oxygen after heating several compounds and observing a gas being released by these heated compounds.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 1000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. An outpost on Greenland is built.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expands.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life

1777

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. Early in the year, representatives from the continental congress arrive in Hamburg. After several weeks, what is known as the Hamburg Compromise is reached: Belize, Karolina, and New Brunswick will be established as component provinces of Hamburg, with full representation in the Hanoverian Parliament. Signed by the Continental Congresstional representatives, Duke Friedrich IV, and the Speaker of the Parliament, ots provisioms are set to be put into effect at the turn of the century.
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military and economic expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military and economic expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once co-operated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate.
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy.In response to the Japanese declaration of war, we prepare to defend our freedom against the heinous japanese invaders!  [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. Lanzhou, Shijuazuang, Hebei and Shangjing are all integrated into a single province known as the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, trade with the Japanese ports of Yantai and Qingdao comes to a complete halt.   [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. Islam is allowed to flourish in Uighur Khanate and no interference is made in the religious matters for fear of the Uighur people rebelling. A major mosque is also constructed to please the Uighur for helping to crush the uprising in Lanzhou. [Mil/Eco Turn]
  • Buenos Aries: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. The navy continues to build more battleships. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. A border control team is protecting the borders. Farming is our biggest industry. The population tries to mix the ethnicities of Spanish and Native. Also the population increase due to high birth rates. We continue to accept immigrants into our nation that were kicked out of the Inca Empire. The kings son Pablo marries a women named Rosa.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all-out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400,000 troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King. Trinity colony expands by 700 sq km, a local uprising begins in Nouvelle Orleans city (OTL Cartagena de las Indias, colombia) it soon spreads through the country to Coucut (OTL Cucuta) Sableville (In falcon venezuela) and St Joseph d'Bacatte (OTL Bogota) and Basse Nubou (Shortened Nouvelle Bourdeaux, OTL Bucaramanga) Demanding the lowering of the taxes in the colony, and the granting of local self ruling, the King considers it, making a promise to do so within the next 30 years, thinking it to be far enough for the promise to be forgotten.
    • Kingdom of Rhenanie: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig Asks for an alliance with the current Prussian and Polish government
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
    • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, Navy, and economy improve. Population stands and 17 million, and continues growing. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenos Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France, Rome, and Osea. The nation sees the first use of steam power. With the Stablization of Osea, many Spanish begin to migrate to the new nation. 10,000 Spaniards leave the nation this year.
    • Union of Upper Peru: TBA
    • Kingdom of Chile: TBA
    • Kingdom of Aymara: TBA
    • Kingdom of Apeac: TBA
    • Voryloyclayr: TBA
    • Kingdom of South Chile: TBA
    • Osea: We confirm relations with Andea and we welcome the 10,000 Spaniards with open arms.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: To be honest, nothing much happens this year. The military expands a bit, and control is consolidated over the formerly Dutch territories in Neu Juist, but apart from that, not much. 
  • Netherlands: Naval and military expansion continue. scientific and cultural development in Brussels and Antwerp continue.Economicx growth continues. settlers continue to head towards the cape colony and towards Guiana as the land is become increasingly easier to settle and grants on land are giving to increase the population. Guiana's population now stands at 160,000, while the Dutch population in the cape colony is at a total of 1500. consolidation of trade within the East Indies continues as the grip over local rulers grows. In an effort to end contradicting claims with the Japanese the Dutch East India Company extends a hand to Japan in an effort to negotiate a settlement over colonies in East Asia. Liberal ideas start to spread with increasing speed across the Lowlands as the enlightenment takes a strong hold of the major urban centres. Many begin to question the personal union with Westaphilia and the close links to the Holy Roman Empire, favoring a reutrn to Franco-Dutch values which helped found the 'Kingdom of the Netherlands. A strong interest in philosophy and nature starts to grow.The usage of steam power starts to pick up in the mining districts of Wallonia.
  • Wu: We only made a mistake for broking the Manchu alliance, and we apologize yet again and accept the alliance back. We offer a Non-Aggression Pact and Point Defense already for Manchu, as our apologizing will help for our destiny to try not to gather any mistakes from our side and allies. We call troops back to Wu and disengage the Manchu. We plan to attack Chu and send 200,000 troops to attack them.
    • Manchu - Wu Diplomacy: We thank Wu for respecting and upholding the Non Aggression and Joint Defence agreement with the Manchu Empire. We further wish good luck to Wu in their war against Chu. 
  • Implausible Detection: Please mods delete the bold one in my turn.
  • Poland: Begins to influence Silsea. continues building the military, pomerania is fully integrated into poland.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Steam power becomes more common in southern areas. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year. After a cleric named Atimatekw, while reading about the origins of Christianity, comes upon the philosophy of the ancient Persian philosopher Mazdak, it leads him to write a treatise called On Common Ownership of the Means of Production, arguing that the tribal gift economy is the most equal system possible, and that private ownership of means of production should be abolished. As yet, this receives little interest, except in intellectual circles.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alliegance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1777, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up. She dies in 1776, and parititions her estate between Franz-Hector, Joan, and Anne. A funeral is hosted by Queen Mary I. Princess Joan acts as chief mourner, living with her the majority of her life as well as suffering through imprisonment with her. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In royal news, Queen Mary I attempts to secure executive power for herself by appointing several talented financiers and statesmen to her privy councils. Many courtiers whisper about this, believing the Queen is doing this in order to not immediately lose power to the newly reformed Diet. The new councillors are rumored to perform well and admirably, allocating parts of the royal treasury in order to launch a minor tax reform in southern Bavaria. This also helps improve the economy while alleviating the tax burden. In other news, Adolph Clemenz continues to express interest in being in the Diet. However, he may not be allowed to enter the Diet due to his unlanded status. It is important to note that the Diet is not a popularly elected institution. Instead, the parliamentarians only convene there due to their virtues as being nobles or burghers. Adolph Clemenz, while a military figure, would have to earn himself some sort of title to be accepted into the Diet. Knowing this, Clemenz also begins an informal campaign to get himself elected into the city council of Munich. Simultaneously, many landowning noblemen not apart of the Diet are angered at their lack of suffrage. To them, the Diet should represent a virtuous, democratic Roman institution rather than an aristocratic, hereditary one. Thus, the notion of transforming the Diet into a popularly elected institution takes hold. The rest of the year drifts by peacefully. This idea spreads to the middle and lower classes, especially in Augsburg, where many burghers plan on simply convening a parliament of their own.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Joachim von Andres since 1772, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1777. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure. Elections are held in 1777. Andres declines to run for re-election due to his age, so three younger candidates, Georg-Maria von Cynbach, Antoine Kalfinger, and Martin von Graftin run. Antoine Kalfinger, a noble from Linz, wins the election and becomes the next Minister-Governor of Austria.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgGrand Duchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. News of the Austrian rebellion reaches Borealia. Many colonial Austrians are delighted at the notion of Austrian resurgence, and consistently poke fun at their Bavarian relatives, but ultimately, the situation is of little concern to them, as both groups live in relatively harmonious economic and social equilibrium.
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG): See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • In Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Industrialization is slowly happening. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Grand Senate, at the behest of the Prussian representatives, makes a statement along with Supreme Prince Einzbern that if the von Hessens do not cease their religious nonsense, they will be removed from the position, by force if necessary.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Government of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worhty of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian Governement. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable number of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase

Osea: The year 1777 marks the second year of the Dictatorship of Dictator Macario and the second year of the reestablishment of the Central Bank of Osea. So far, both the Dictatorship of Dictator Macario and the reestablishment of the Central Bank of Osea prove successful, as order has been restored and the economy has been stabilized. With the economy being stabilized, money is put in to improve the agriculture of Osea, with the hope of initiating an agricultural revolution in the nation. Funding is also put into the infrastructure of Osea, with the hope of causing an infrastructure boom in Osea, which is projected to also boom the Osean economy. Many people anticipate the fruit of this funding, as it will either improve the nation or make the nation worse. The success of Dictator Macario lies on the success of this funding, as there is both support and opposition regarding his coup d'etat. If this plan succeeds, then the Osean nation will improve greatly, if it fails, then Anti-Macarians will rise up and overthrow Dictator Mocario. There is hope, however, for Mocario, as 10,000 Spaniards enter Osea, where DIctator Mocario welcomes them with open arms “Andean Spaniards, I welcome you with open arms for I am happy that you see promise in this great nation, I only ask you one thing in return: fulfill the promise you in this nation via improving it through work. Through this work you shall help this nation improve our agriculture and infrastructure, and we will make this nation great. To the Spaniards, I encourage you to work in cooperation with the Oseans, and to the Oseans, I encourage you to work in cooperation with the Spaniards, for only through unity, cooperation, and hard work can we make this nation great. Therefore, we must all work together in unity and cooperation.” This speech increases morale for the people, and the 10,000 Spaniards help speed up the improvement of agriculture and infrastructure. Meanwhile, Dictator Mocario further centralizes and Federates the Osean nation. Eco/Infrastructure turn.

1778

Unrest generally begins to build up further in Japan and nearby areas, not just from Japanese policies regarding religion but also political or military actions undertaken by the Japanese. China is one of the more affected areas, with more and more Chinese seeing the Japanese as nothing more than marauders and bandits.

The Illuminati open up a chapter house in Malabar.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. New Mecklenburg in Australia expands by 750px. In New Rugia, the citizenship gained by the Maori who accepted Hamburgs offer some time ago has lead to a higher standard of living, as well as increased economic opportunities. In light of this, the Maori who did not accept the previous offer are again extended an invitation to become Hamburgian citizens. (Mod response please)
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year.
  • Buenos Aries: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. The navy continues to build more battleships. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. A border control team is protecting the borders. Farming is our biggest industry. The population tries to mix the ethnicities of Spanish and Native. Also the population increase due to high birth rates. We continue to accept immigrants into our nation that were kicked out of the Inca Empire.
    • This ended last year with the founding of Andea.
  • Andea: With the growing call for Democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 17 million, and continues growing. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenos Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power. With their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea and their associated nations.
    • Union of Upper Peru:  Chimor and Collaquyimbaya, both propsperous under the Inca, have merged into one nation under the new nation Andea. the nation remains in a personal union with Andea, though they also adopt the Buenos Noches constitution and the Cuzco Codes. Military, economy and navy improve. More will be added when I get home from vacation.
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation.
    • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation.
    • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation.
    • Voryloyclayr: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation
    • Kingdom of South Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation.
  • Wu: We also thank Manchu for our good luck of war with Chu. Troops will normally do good and focus on their battles. The formation is already set for the Wu Military. Information been given to troops for a good mission and a good attack.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alliegance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once co-operated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The administrative reform continues.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
    • Priština Voivodeship (Prištinsko Vojvodstvo): Due to the focus on the regional denominations of the nation, the Serbian national sense slowly suffers.
    • Budva Voivodeship (Budvansko Vojvodstvo): Budva develops and Croatization commences, causing some issues at first.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1777, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up. She dies in 1776, and parititions her estate between Franz-Hector, Joan, and Anne. A funeral is hosted by Queen Mary I. Princess Joan acts as chief mourner, living with her the majority of her life as well as suffering through imprisonment with her. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In royal news, Queen Mary I attempts to secure executive power for herself by appointing several talented financiers and statesmen to her privy councils. Many courtiers whisper about this, believing the Queen is doing this in order to not immediately lose power to the newly reformed Diet. The new councillors are rumored to perform well and admirably, allocating parts of the royal treasury in order to launch a minor tax reform in southern Bavaria. This also helps improve the economy while alleviating the tax burden. In other news, Adolph Clemenz continues to express interest in being in the Diet. However, he may not be allowed to enter the Diet due to his unlanded status. It is important to note that the Diet is not a popularly elected institution. Instead, the parliamentarians only convene there due to their virtues as being nobles or burghers. Adolph Clemenz, while a military figure, would have to earn himself some sort of title to be accepted into the Diet. Knowing this, Clemenz also begins an informal campaign to get himself elected into the city council of Munich. Simultaneously, many landowning noblemen not apart of the Diet are angered at their lack of suffrage. To them, the Diet should represent a virtuous, democratic Roman institution rather than an aristocratic, hereditary one. Thus, the notion of transforming the Diet into a popularly elected institution takes hold. This idea spreads to the middle and lower classes, especially in Augsburg, where many burghers plan on simply convening a parliament of their own. The city councilmen and syndics of Augsburg convene at the Perlach Tower and hold a diet of their own. They basically discuss the future of the city, and many agree that the city should begin modernizing and expanding if it is to be an up-to-date legislative capital of Germany. The young under-chancellor of Augsburg, Marcel Neierman, declares that he will grant several plots of land to Swabian industrial companies in return for aiding in efforts to expand Augsburg. In other news, Gregory Hartingen continues to enjoy high approval as he works on industrializing Germany. In other news, Adolph Clemenz earns himself a spot on the Munich city council. In diplomatic news, Queen Mary I is troubled at the spread of the Greek-based Illuminati group, and regards them as a troublemaker organization.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Joachim von Andres since 1772, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1777. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG)See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
    • Osea: The year 1778 marks the third year of the Dictatorship, the second year of the reestablishment of the Osean Central Bank. The fruits of investing into agritculture and infrastructure of the nation as well as the SPanish immigration pays off, as their is an agricultural, infrastructural, economic boom in Osea. This improves the lives of Oseans as well as its agriculture, infrastructure, and economy. As such, the threat of Rebellion is finally gone, and the Dictator and his policies remain strong. With this boom, agriculture and infrastructure funding continues as well as military funding. Mil/Infra turn.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Grand Senate, at the behest of the Prussian representatives, makes a statement along with Supreme Prince Einzbern that if the von Hessens do not cease their religious nonsense, they will be removed from the position, by force if necessary.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Governement of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worhty of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian Governement. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of Narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable number of people stay, the goverement promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase.
    • Ya don't own Prussia anymore. -Sky
    • Didn't it get reconquered at the end of the UK civil war and Polish-Prussian war?
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France.

1779

Sky asked me, Upvote, to put up the events for him. Also, chat crashed, so I had Sat paraphrase for me.

Romanticism begins to spread in Europe as a reaction to rationalism and empiricism. The term Weltschmerz is coined by Rheinish writer Jean Richter. Many writers begin to adopt the romanticist style and the motive of Weltschmerz.

This was the original event I had in mind, sorry for the confusion. -Sky

It's fine, sorry for losing them. ~Upvo

Empirism? Is that just imperialism with a different name?

^ Fixed.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. New Mecklenburg in Australia expands by 750px. In New Rugia, the citizenship gained by the Maori who accepted Hamburgs offer some time ago has lead to a higher standard of living, as well as increased economic opportunities. In light of this, the Maori who did not accept the previous offer are again extended an invitation to become Hamburgian citizens. (Mod response please?) In response to Romes (and Scandinavia's, I assume it's coming up) declaration of war, Hamburg mobilizes its army and navy, and calls its allies to arms.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network throughout the nation. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion.
  • Buenos Aires: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. The navy continues to build more battleships. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. A border control team is protecting the borders. Farming is our biggest industry. The population tries to mix the ethnicities of Spanish and Native. Also the population increase due to high birth rates. Pablo's fist son Enrique is born. We start to use steam power.
  • Andea: With the growing call for democracy, the Inca Empire sees its first major reform since the 1400s. A new, constitutional monarchy is formed in the nation, consisting of the Inca Proper for now. Military, navy and economy improve. Population stands and 17 million, and continues growing. The Buenos Noches Doctrine is overturned, replaced with the Democratic Constitution of Buenos Noches. This new constitution allows for any male citizen born in Andea or the Andean Union to vote for the Prime Minister. With the new government, we seek to confirm relations with France and Rome. The nation sees the first use of steam power.  with their acceptance in Osea, further Spaniards leave Andea, totaling about 5000 from Andea proper. In order to better support our ally Osea, we withdraw our alliances with Buenos Aires and Uruguay and declare them illegitamte nations. The capital is relocated to Buenos Noches, which stands at 20,000 people.
    • Union of Upper Peru: Chimor and Collaquyimbaya, both propsperous under the Inca, have merged into one nation under the new nation Andea. the nation remains in a personal union with Andea, though they also adopt the Buenos Noches constitution and the Cuzco Codes. Military economy and navy improve. With a very small Spanish minority, few leave the area. Population stands at six million.
    • Kingdom of Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come into the nation and Spainards leave the nation. In total, 10,000 Andean settlers arrive and 5000 Spaniards leave. Ties with Andea and South Chile deepen, with the Buenos Noches Constiution being adopted in the nation.
    • Kingdom of Aymara: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation. Population stands at 35,000, as Andean settlers come and Spainards go. In total, 5000 Andea settlers come and 2000 Spanish leave. Ties with Andea deepen.
    • Kingdom of Tiwanku: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 30,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen.
    • Kingdom of Apeac: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 50,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 1000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea Deepen.
    • Vorlayacor: Military, economy and navy improve. More TBA when I get home from vacation
    • Kingdom of South Chile: Military, economy and navy improve. Population stands at 40,000, as Andean settlers come and Spanish settlers go. In total, 5000 Andeans come and 10,000 Spanish go. Ties with Andea and Chile deepen.
  • Netherlands:' Naval and military expansion continue. scientific and cultural development in Brussels and Antwerp continue. Economic growth continues. settlers continue to head towards the cape colony and towards Guiana as the land is become increasingly easier to settle and grants on land are giving to increase the population. Guiana's population now stands at 160,000, while the dutch population in the cape colony is at a total of 1500. consolidation of trade within the East Indies continues as the grip over local rulers grows. In an effort to end contradicting claims with the Japanese the Dutch East India Company extends a hand to Japan in an effort to negotiate a settlement over colonies in East Asia. Liberal Ideas start to spread with increasing speed across the Lowlands as the enlightenment takes a strong hold of the major urban centres. Many begin to question the personal union with Westaphilia and the close links to the Holy Roman Empire, favoring a reutrn to Franco-Dutch values which helped found the 'Kingdom of the Netherlands. A strong interest in philosophy and nature starts to grow.The usage of steam power starts to pick up in the mining districts of Wallonia.
  • Wu: Some changes made up. The buildings are built up, helping civilians to live there and gain more population as soon as possible. Deals really change for our attack, as we not done yet for Chu to complete for our war.
  • In Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. With the advent of steam power, factories begin to be built and stuff. Industrialization is slowly happening. The construction of ships and weaponry continues. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon and Mexaca are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. In order to expand upon their influence in Volayacor and the Hesperian continent, the Roman Empire aligns itself towards the Hesperian Confederation and starts to provide them with technical aid and weapons in exchange for political alliegance and trade goods. Italian merchants are integrated into the Roman economic system, learning their trade from experienced merchants and being able to draw upon considerable influence and financial backing. War is declared on Hamburg in the colonies alongside Scandinavia, citing border disputes and betrayal on behalf of the former Cherokee government. Italy and Bulgaria join in the war effort.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once co-operated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate.
  • Duchy of Oldenburg: Infrastructure is the word on everyone's lips this year. The turnpike trusts have done a great job of improving roads in the metropole, however have been less successful in the colonies. So, in Thabascho, convict labour teams are sent to construct highways between towns, and in Neu Norderney, the administration is forced to actually pay for labourers. 
  • Ethiopian Empire: We are mostly completed with our westernization process, as we are basically on the same technological level as Aegypt. Colonization efforts cease for a while, as we move troops back to formation. After hearing news of the war in Borealia against Hamburg, we take advantage of the new situation. We move the highest amount of troops possible into Hamburger Somalia, and declare war on the region, hoping to annex it into constituent Ethiopia.
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military expansion. We continue to colonize and explore islands of the Pacific Ocean.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Rhineland: This turn is dedicated to military expansion. We begin training a military based on the militias established to fight the nation of France. We work closely with Dutch and Westphalian specialists to properly train our armed forces. We also begin industrializing across our nation, incorporating the latest technological innovations from the Lowlands and Germany, paired with techniques learned from our time under France. Rhineland is officially confederated into a collection of three states; Trier, Cologne, Aachen, and Zweibrucken.
  • Not logical. Should another mod find it logical and or plausable, they may uncross it. ~Eon
  • This is uncrossed on the strictest condition that Rhineland remain counted in all future algos as one nation. -MP
  • Osea: The year 1779 marks the fourth year of the Dictatorship. During this year the boom times continue, as both the economic and infrastructure boom continues. As a result, there is a surge of Osean nationalism and the Osean people are more unified then ever before. Dictator Macario is estatic about this and further centralizes and Federates the nation. He adresses to his people "These are great times, but during next year and the next decade there will be greater times, a new age of unity and prosperity is neigh, Osea shall enter a golden age like never before. I have made Osea strong through strong economics and strong infrastructure but I will make it even stronger through military might. War is coming, with it all its horror and honor, and we shall achieve honor for we are Oseans, a strong people united in both unity and prosperity, our enemies shall be crushed, and we shall be victorious." This speech increased the morale of people and encouraged people to join the military and as such the military is developed. Infrastructure and military turn.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria (Constituent State of the Crown-Union of Germany): In 1779, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz is returned to its place as national capital. CuriaBavariaFlag The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. It is a regional legislature. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement infrastructural, diplomatic, and tax base laws. In Munich, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Mary I (born 1737) and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Mary's children are: Elisabeth-Anna Germania (born 1770), Franz-Hector (botn 1771), Marguerita (born 1774), Johann Agatha (born 1774). Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. RBCcoa The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades. In political news, the Queen continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Concerning Venezia, the Queen and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In interesting news, since the formation of the Crown-Union of Germany, the country is being frequently referred to simply as Germany or Deutschland. In sad news, however, Queen Mother Frances falls ill and is not expected to survive the winter. Her last will-and-testament is drawn up. She dies in 1776, and parititions her estate between Franz-Hector, Joan, and Anne. A funeral is hosted by Queen Mary I. Princess Joan acts as chief mourner, living with her the majority of her life as well as suffering through imprisonment with her. In Diet news, Gregory Hartingen continues to serve as President, and has a 70% approval rating. He continues to fund industrialized companies in Stuttgart, and begins drafting patents and charters for similar companies in Vienna, Venice, Munich, Landshut, Regensburg, and Berlin. He also advocates for modern amenities and steam technology to be implemented in Augsburg. By year end, it becomes clear that industrialization is spreading in Germany after a long period of stagnation. In royal news, Queen Mary I attempts to secure executive power for herself by appointing several talented financiers and statesmen to her privy councils. Many courtiers whisper about this, believing the Queen is doing this in order to not immediately lose power to the newly reformed Diet. The new councillors are rumored to perform well and admirably, allocating parts of the royal treasury in order to launch a minor tax reform in southern Bavaria. This also helps improve the economy while alleviating the tax burden. In other news, Adolph Clemenz continues to express interest in being in the Diet. However, he may not be allowed to enter the Diet due to his unlanded status. It is important to note that the Diet is not a popularly elected institution. Instead, the parliamentarians only convene there due to their virtues as being nobles or burghers. Adolph Clemenz, while a military figure, would have to earn himself some sort of title to be accepted into the Diet. Knowing this, Clemenz also begins an informal campaign to get himself elected into the city council of Munich. Simultaneously, many landowning noblemen not apart of the Diet are angered at their lack of suffrage. To them, the Diet should represent a virtuous, democratic Roman institution rather than an aristocratic, hereditary one. Thus, the notion of transforming the Diet into a popularly elected institution takes hold. This idea spreads to the middle and lower classes, especially in Augsburg, where many burghers plan on simply convening a parliament of their own. The city councilmen and syndics of Augsburg convene at the Perlach Tower and hold a diet of their own. They basically discuss the future of the city, and many agree that the city should begin modernizing and expanding if it is to be an up-to-date legislative capital of Germany. The young under-chancellor of Augsburg, Marcel Neierman, declares that he will grant several plots of land to Swabian industrial companies in return for aiding in efforts to expand Augsburg. In other news, Gregory Hartingen continues to enjoy high approval as he works on industrializing Germany. In other news, Adolph Clemenz earns himself a spot on the Munich city council. In diplomatic news, Queen Mary I is troubled at the spread of the Greek-based Illuminati group, and regards them as a troublemaker organization. In other news, the idea of Romanticisim and a departure of political realism catch on in Germany, and in Bavaria in particular.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Gregory Hartingen, elected in 1775, is Präsident.
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. CuriaAustriaFlagThe Curia Austria, led by Minister-Governor Joachim von Andres since 1772, remains the official legislature in Austria. The next Minister-Governor elections are set for 1777. The Curia  is popular in Vienna and surrounding areas. Parliamentarians usually pass laws concerning taxes, diplomacy, and infrastructure.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In following the example of her predecessors, Queen Mary Iinitiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. In 1770, Venezia is released from Austrian rule and is established as a constituent state int the CUG. Following protests for a regional legislature, the Deutsche Diet complies and forms the Curia Venexia. The Curia is responsible for overseeing the legal, economi and political goings on of all those in Venezia.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Grand Duchess Sybille (born 1731) continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Sybille I's children are: Sophia-Andrea (born 1756), George (born 1758), and Josephina (born 1759). Edmund II dies on the battlefield in 1759. Duchess Sybille is effectively returned to power when King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Marca is founded as the regional legislature of Brandenburg, and mostly concerns laws of state and church within Brandenburg.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania  (Constituent State of the CUG): Troops authorized by Franz-Hector I, aged 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. Franz-Hector is returned to power after King Frederick I dies in 1766. The Curia Pomerania is founded as a regional legislature in Pomerania, being tasked with governing the realm and overseeing prosperity in terms of competent legislature.
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck (Constituent City of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port  (Constituent Territory of the CUG): Troops authorized by the King and Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia (Colony of the CUG): The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of the CUG)See Post by Nathan.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River (Colony of the CUG): The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is named Pearl River, after the colony itself.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy and military of Scandinavia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Scandinavia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Scandinavian iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Bavaria, Pskov, the Roman Empire, Britannia, the Nehilaw and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian courts. The ports in Iceland are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach nine million by 1740. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. Homelessness in urban areas and overcrowding is becoming a massive problem, especially in Copenhagen. To accommodate, people are encouraged to travel to the New World. In political news, the House of Bjelbo-Griffins continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. News of the Roman invasion of Hamburg reaches the ears of the Scandinavian Noble House. Scandinavia takes this opportunity to revert Hamburg's damage to the Maori people and culture. They declare war, citing Hamburg's manipulation of the Maori and Cherokee, as well as sustained economic attacks, as its casus belli.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 1000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. An outpost on Greenland is built.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expands.
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life
  • Prosperity reigns in Algonquia following the defeat of the revolt. Modernization of the economy and military continues swiftly in all subchiefdoms. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casina, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The population explodes as agricultural production increases, leading to an overcrowding crisis in the cities. The government encourages urban dwellers to leave for the country and take up farming. The navy continues to expand, alongside the merchant marine, as the government funds the immigration of shipwrights. Merchants do, however, lament their lack of access to markets in the Mediterranean and the Imperial Sea. Expansion toward Great Slave Lake and its rumoured gold continues with 5000 km this year.
  • Tartary: The nation experiences a brief increase in Siberian expansion this year, led by the agricultural peoples of the Volga or the emigrant Turks, as well as a wave of Sakha and Ket expansion along the main rivers. Much of the northern half of the Yenisey and Lena rivers is already in Tatar hands, while the Ob is entirely under control of the Emperor. We continue exploring and expanding east. The military also begins to be modernised. This turn is dedicated to economic expansion.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to economic. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St. Patriksburg is expanded, with a large kremlin and port being constructed.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate.The Civil war ends with teh capitulation of Konigsberg and the signing of the treaty of Vilnus, which divided the territory between the reformed Republics of Prussia and Lithuania, and Poland. As a result, much of the old nobility is tried and convicted of high treason and have their lands, titles, and wealth confiscated, and they themselves sentenced to life in prison on an island-prison run by the PIC (not the best of places) or sentenced to work as labourers in Zlatobrezhie. Due to the world recession, and the deaths of many merchants, many Pskovians and Union citizens have taken advantage of this by taking the place and having a much larger share of the world economy, increasing the GDP by several orders of magnitude. The Grand Senate, in the wake of the civil war, gains more and more powers. Support for political unification is becoming increasingly common, as people ponder how to reduce the number of rebellions in the future. The PIC pokes around near nubimia again, just to get killed off by the natives once more. in other news stuff happens. The Grand Senate, at the behest of the Prussian representatives, makes a statement along with Supreme Prince Einzbern that if the von Hessens do not cease their religious nonsense, they will be removed from the position, by force if necessary.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Governement of Eesti asks the Grand Senate of the Union to give it some money to help the residents of the City of Tartu and rebuild. Luckily, the Union nations deem it worhty of the surplus, and each gives a small amount of their GDP, and the Bank of Pskov also extends a generous loan to the Estonian Governement. Residents of Tartu mostly either Flee to the country until their city can be rebuilt, or move to the neigbouring cities of narva and Pskov. However, due to the size, a considerable number of people stay, the government promising relief.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to states that. As such, many wish
    • In Republic of Prussia the merchants are re-stabilizing their nation and economy due to the loss of Danzig, and although they still have stuff, they make use of their new trade partner: the Polish. Much of the wealth and lands of the nobility are now free game for the various merchants, who begin fierce competition. While the Union troops have not left by the end of the year, it will be seen as unusual if they are not gone by next year, and elections are not held for a new Bundestag.
    • The Belarus military is improved as the road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Support for the unification of Belarus and Lithuania begins to gain steam, unification of the Union of Konigsberg begins to increase

Footnotes

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