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1750 to 1759 (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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Archive Thirty-Five:

1740 - 1749

Archive Thirty-Six:

1750 - 1759

Archive Thirty-Seven:

1760 - 1769

This page is an archive for the Principia Moderni III map game, from 1750 to 1759.

1750

The war in Europe is over, yet the effects of the war are not yet over. The war destroyed trade routes, trade ships, warehouses, and killed countless merchants. As such, the world economy is more or less wrecked and will need time to recover. All major trading nations in Europe and their colonies suffer a recession, cutting their econ bonus by 10. Indian nations likewise suffer, with their econ bonus cut by five.

Am I right to assume that even neutral nations like Pskov (who would not have suffered destroyed merchant fleets/dead merchants because not involved in war) are also affected because of the possible deaths of their overseas connections and the destruction of their overseas connections (i.e., people they traded with died)? -Lx
Yes, but those who suffered less damage will more quickly come back. I.e. Pskov might only suffer for a few years, but nations involved in the war directly will suffer for over a decade.

Civil unrest spreads across Lombardy, with riots occurring in Milan, Genoa, Turin, and Verona. The rioters are unhappy with the prospect of being ruled over by a Habsburg after just losing a war to the very same dynasty. After a few days, the rioters either disperse or are put down by Westphalian and Lombardic forces.

Doesn't really make sense when you consider that the Lombards just signed a treaty establishing the Visconti family, who founded the nation, as the official heir apparents.
Trollis wrote that the family is the Habsburg D'Visconti, so uh ... yeah ...
I didn't write a single thing about that, that was Ms. Second of all it's Habsburg-Visconti, enough with this random "D" thing. And lastly the Visconti have gone extinct except in that one blood line, which is nominally part of the Habsburgs. If you think that's unacceptable, explain why Austria didn't revolt when the Habsburg-Lorraine's came to power. It's the same family with a different name.

Similar riots occur in Westphalia over more or less the same reason, with the Habsburgs now on the throne even though the war was waged against the Spanish Habsburgs. The riots are fewer in number, as the Habsburgs have had time to consolidate their hold on the country, and the riots either disperse or are put down after two days.

Wow, yet no one made revolts in Spain when they invaded Austria, their king's twin brother.
And notice once again how Spain is now wrecked and nothing permanent happens here. 

Serbians continue to be frustrated and outraged at being ignored by the Roman Emperor and Senate. While most of the issues still seem to be minor, the rage inside Serbia continues to rise. This is compounded by the fact that the Senate, viewed by Serbs as being a governmental organ designed to protect their interests, is also ignoring the majority of their issues.

The Yemenis, bolstered and inspired by their success, continue their campaign. They start to branch out of Yemen and move on Oman and the Hejaz. Scores are the same as before.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. Across Hamburgs new territories, military forces begin withdrawing as colonial governments are formally established. In Cherokee-Shawana, programs to modernize the native armies are put into effect. Despite Cherokee forces having gained a fearsome reputation during the Mexican Campaign, the need their armed forces is evident. After several months of deliberation, it is decided to send General Wilhelm von Magdeburg, an officer with a reputation of training and creating the finest troops in the Hamburg army. Von Magdeburg arrives in Cherokee in July, and soon pulls together 120 Cherokee officers and troops. He spends a month teaching them modern european tactics and instilling discipline. Once they prove satisfactory, he dismisses them to tech others, and pulls together another 120. Elsewhere, trade with Hawaii continues, and the High Council of the Hanoverian Parliament, the Dukes closest advisors approves a measure to pursue closer political relations. The New Rugian fur trade becomes more profitable, as shipping between Sophiastadt and New Mecklenburg can move unabated by conflict. Pressure on North Sumatra, a small state bordering Aceh, to accept Protectorate status continues, citing potential economic opportunities and military improvements. (Turn Two of Three)
  • Nubia: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Our military continues to expand 100 px southwest. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. Now that Nubia is unified, we continue to centralize the nation. Due to revolts continuing to happen in Yemen, we continue to watch who comes into our nation carefully.
  • Damascan Sultanate: The Damascan Sultanate's Sultan is assassinated. Sultan Sulimen VIII takes power. He marries a princess from the Suri Empire. WAR IS DECLARED UPON SPAIN. He requests a Non-Aggression Pact with the Roman Empire for 25 years. We re-inforce our relations with all members in the UIN especially the Urdustani Empire. We increase our military and unify our Georgian holdings as they have become more islamic over the past years. We propose an alliance with France, Croatia, and Ethiopia. We request trading rights with Nubia. We reaffirm our trading partners as: Dacia, Croatia, Rome, UIN members, Tartary, Eritrea, and the Dutch. Population rises to 30.2 million. The population of Damascus rises to 467,000. We move 200,000 units through Banu Saleym to Morocco being transported and walking along the Mediterranean coast under different nations. We gather 80,000 units from vassals to follow the main army and begin passing through Aegypt. 100,000 units are sent to the Suri Empire. 120,000 units are transported for two years to Urdustan by Urdustani ships. Sorry if this isn't the post your wanted copy/pasted Swank, it was the most recent I found. -Sladather
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program of the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each.
  • Suri Empire: After taking a long hiatus from worldly affairs, the new Sultan, Fadeel Khan Lari, announces that his father passed in 1719 from pneumonia. The Sultan also introduces his new wife to the world, Queen Jaali. Sultan Fadeel Khan Lari offers his 14 year old daughter, 'Izzah, to the new sultan of the Damascan Sultanate. Festivals are prepared to celebrate the continuation of the union between these two nations. The Empire continues friendly relations with the Damascan Sultanate and Urdustan. We start building back up our military after much of the army was disbanded during the Great Peace. The Sultan, in his infinite wisdom, implements a new style of military. This new army will be trained in the ways of war, but after training, will return to their civilian lives. In times where the nation is in danger, this force will rally and defend its nation. Islam still holds a strong grasp over the Empire. Using the revolts in his Tibetan provinces as a way to show the might of His Majesties newly trained National Guard, he sends 3000 peacekeepers to the Chagatai region. The soldiers are given new instructions. In early Spring, they begin rounding up all protestors and sending them to various prisons across the empire. After the Spring Purification, anyone who continues to defy the Sultan is to be publicly executed. The Sultan's province in Tibet is turned into a military state until further notice. The Sultan sends a fresh battalion, to support the initial 3000, to Chagatai. Now with the war against Spain over, the Sultan finds a large amount of people in his empire. These people, with various cultures and religions, are curious as to how their new leader will rule them. To keep peace, the Sultan allows them to practice whatever religion they choose. Unfortunately for his new people, the maps given to the Sultan have been made so as to confuse him. Much debate is had amongst his council.
    • Marwar (Vassal of Suri Empire): Military is expanded. Economic supplies are sent to Suri Proper. Positive trading continued with Urudustan.
    • Delhi (Vassal of Suri Empire): Military is expanded. Economic supplies are sent to Suri Proper. Positive trading continued with Urudustan.
    • Multan (Vassal of Suri Empire): Military is expanded. Economic supplies are sent to Suri Proper. Positive trading continued with Urudustan.
    • Ladakh (Vassal of Suri Empire): Military is expanded. Economic supplies are sent to Suri Proper. Positive trading continued with Urudustan.
    • Port Hejaz (Red Sea): Military is expanded. Economic supplies are sent to Suri Proper. Positive trading continued with Rome and Damascan Sultanate. The wāli orders the construction of 20 new ships (Turn One of Ten).
    • Port Bagorai (Indonesia): The newly appointed wāli orders the construction of new trading ships. Positive trading with the Dutch and Demak Sultanate continues.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Empire of Urdustan (اردو کی زمین کی سلطنت/Urdū kī bhūmi kā sāmrājya): The rising Emperor, شاہ الیاس پیدائش نو کے شہنشاہ چیمپیئن (Śāha iliyāsa punarjanma kē samrāṭa caimpiyana) takes the throne after several decades of stagnation, bureaucracy, and inefficient dual rule from an ineffective council and weak emperors. He, after years of preparation, mainly through his own study due to the lack of attention given to him to groom him as future Emperor, decides that he wishes to return the Empire of Urdustan back to its greatness, willing to enter into hell itself if it means that Urdustan shall rise. He begins by re-instituting the economic policies of the 16th-century Urdustani Empire, in which agriculture was the largest economic focus of Urdustan, selling such goods as rice, potatoes, indigo, opium, wheat, cannabis and other crops. He plans to, within the year, revitalize the tax and currency system, seeing as taxes are exorbitantly high, ineffectively gather, and used for little other than royal festivities. As for the currency, he plans to introduce a well-regulated silver-based Urdustani Tanki to take the place of the currently near-unstable Tanki that is becoming more affected by regionalism as time goes on. Finally, he makes minor changes to the borders of the different vassals and personal unions of the Empire, personally taking down an 'ancient' map tacked inside the councilors chambers that failed to take remembrance of the Empires annexation of Orissa, and replaces it with a more modern and less-dingy version of the Urdustani map.
    • Swargadeo of Barhanivasa: The mainly Livestock and Cotton economy of the north, and the more rice and other crop economy of the south has changed little, but now under new governance that seeks to follow the policies of the new Emperor, the currency and tax changes are being prepared to take effect around a similar time as the Urdustani Empires. The effectiveness of the governance of the Swargadeo of Barhanivasa was relatively unaffected from the stagnation.
    • Rajya of Vijaynagar: The sister kingdom under the rule of Urdustan has face great challenges, mainly from coastal pirates who took advantage of the lack of protected-sea trade that was experianced in the Empire. As such, their economy has faltered to a lower standard than previous, with much fewer exports than ever recorded. Seeing as the new Emperor is more focused on reinvigorating Urdustan at its core, the Raj of Vijaynagar, distantly related, sends a request to the new Emperor to aid in making sea travel far more safer and allow for the Vijaynagari economy to rebound, the request being well-received.
    • The Plutocratic State of Jaunpur: Jaunpur has experienced the worst effects of stagnation of bureaucracy outside of the Empire itself, the plutocratic government raising high taxes on the population and then using the taxes for their own gain. Actions such as this have led to small famines, and a severely weakened economy. A request is received by the Plutocrats from the Emperor himself, who outlines a plan that is being attempted in the Empire itself at revitalizing the economy, playing more so on their ability to gain more revenue at the increasing economy, rather than highlighting the benefits to the population that will also take place.
    • The Sultanate of Deccan: The Sultanate of Deccan, an outright Muslim state, has receded only slightly in the wake of stagnation. This is due to their prime position in the middle of the Empire which has allowed them to be effect in agricultural growth, and their vast ports have allowed them to commit more towards exports than Vijaynagara. However, it is from the selfishness of the Sultans that all those vassals around them are poor and weakened because they have refused to share their wealth with their neighbors and refused to participate in intra-imperial trade. The Sultanate receives a request from the Emperor himself, a person's whose authority they have not witnessed in almost a century, to begin their participation in Imperial trade now that the ineffectiveness of the Empire has since passed.
    • The Rayja of Sindh: The Rayja of Sindh has changed little since the stagnation of the Empire, being focused on a major trade route and destination for foreign traders, as well as close to the former stronghold of the Spanish, and an enclave of Britannic and Dutch origin, allowing their trade to continue at pre-stagnation levels. They receive no word from the Emperor due to his belief that they are functioning accordingly.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. small contingent of ten ships are sent at the Nehilaw with and army of 10,000 soldiers to defend the area. War is declared upon Spain after several years of deterioration of the once great alliance of the two country, the king seeks to further its influence in Europe by attempting what many of his own military advisors consider suicide, The king prepares a good portion of the Fleet from Europe to attempt landing in Spain's east coast area. While this, the local troops from Colombia move to defend the southern and northwestern border as well as the local Colombian fleet to defend Nouvelle Sardinie from the Spanish fleet ships and pirates, The rest of the colonial troops moves into Spanish territory in OTL Mexico from Cahokia and Chateau d'or (Costa Rica :v) war continues for the time being.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The kingdom after defeating the forces of the rebels follow suit and declare war on Spain as France did.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Declares war on Spain as France did.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people. Declares war on Spain as France did.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Declares war on Spain as France did.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia. Declares war on Spain as France did.
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig asks a diplomatic meeting with Pskov, Croatia and Poland's leadership within the city.
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. Declares war on Spain as France did.
  • Yunnan: The Yunnanese continue to invest the modest income from exports into infrastructure. They also continue improving the defensive fortifications of Yunnan.
  • Wu: We support Spain a good luck for a war with France. We improve economy and military bases, which includes every chance for defensive fortifications. Infrastructure also improving, with some exports in it.
  • Demak Sultanate: Sultan Adi leads the people in centralizing and becoming more Sunni Muslim. We reaffirm our alliances with the United Islamic Nations promising full support in return of full support. We continue trading heavily with the Suri Empire and Urdustan. The land given to the Suri Empire is openly bordered now, allowing people to move in and out of the border lines freely. We spread Islam throughout the Indonesian islands. Our military and navy is expanded as we receive economic support from Suri Empire. Our population increases. We reaffirm our alliance with the Dutch. We reaffirm their claims to Brunei and Pagabar. Trade is emphasized within the realm, as well as maintaining our massive navy. We start to recover from the war, even though we barely participated. We start to aid our UIN allies against the Yemeni threat.
  • Mexaca FlagDominion of Mexaca: The Prime Minister of the newly created Dominion of Mexaca, Cesar Tontaltec, starts the rebuilding process for the nation. Consulates and government buildings are set up in the new capital of Zapoteca (OTL Monterrey). The name reflects a link to the nation's past, while the city is meant to be a driving force in the nation's development. The political capital is located in Zapoteca, while the cultural capital remains in the old capital of Danibaan. Tontaltec meets with Britannian diplomats to streamline the process of setting up the new dominion. Basic infrastructure is restored, many citizens recruited to rebuild roads, bridges, and boats. Prime Minister Tontaltec believes that employing the masses of impoverished people will help the struggling economy. Basic goods also resume production - fruits, vegetables, flax, timber, fisheries, etc. While most of the population speaks a regional dialect of Spanish (with a strong Zapotec influence), English is introduced, and will slowly be built up as the main language of the nation. The new Flag of Mexaca is colored in red, white, and blue, to show ties to Britannia. It also displays the icon of the Mexacan cross, a symbol popularly used by churches in the nation. Note: The proper denonym for Mexaca is Mexacan, not Mexican. 
  • The Empire of Britannia: (Copy-pasting for Andy) Many ships are modernized and replaced to keep the British Royal Navy a powerful force on the high seas. The Empire enacts a new series of reforms designed to better govern the numerous holdings of the Empire. The Empire, having had many years of isolation and inactivity on the global scale, rejoins the world stage. The first modernization steps are taken to streamline the military forces. The Crown Colonial Association also decides to also streamline the Borealian colonies. The former L'nu nation is integrated into New Dublin to form the Dominion of Arcadia. Other nation changes include economic reforms to restart the sluggish economy and a greater focus on military technology. The military is updated. A new model for economic production is released in homes of bolstering Britannia's economy, one of the leading economies in the world. The efforts come after many years of flagging production and scientific stagnation. Nowhere are these reforms more found than the colonies, where governors have been told to move away from a purely exploitive model to a more productive, economic model. The hope is by freeing up some of the labor force that was once used for exploitation, and use that force in a more efficient capacity, that profits and production would rise. Parliament clamors for continued updates to infrastructure and technology. The Britannic war of succession finally appears to be over with King James officially coronated at the Tower of London as Emperor James of Scotland, Ruler of Britannia and her holdings, Defender of the Faith, Most August. James will consider entertaining the Oldenburger request in regards to officially ending the civil war and provide the former house with some position. In the meantime, the former emperor flees to a safe haven in Hamburg. The Council of Kent is convened to end the succession crisis. Emperor James states that he will allow the House of Hamburg to remain nobility and offer the family control over Arcadia. In other news, Parliament declares war on Spain citing the strengthening of ties with France an overall increase in tension between the once cordial nations. The bulk of the Britannic navy is assembled and begins the trip to Spain. Troops are directed from the Navy as well as land forces through France. In Borealia, The Dominion of Arcadia, New Cambridgeshire and New Guerney also aid in the effort. In a speech to Parliament Emperor James laments his nations decision but firmly stands behind the parliament and armed forces in this matter. Ties with France are further strengthen by the combined effort. The Emperor plans a visit to the Prime Minister of Mexaca to discuss the future between the nations. Troops are sent to help fight the Spanish off.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand the navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Dominion of Arcadia: Continues to expand 1000 sq km west and south. A large influx of settlers arrive from Eire. The new realignment of the two colonial holdings of L'nu and New Dublin see a massive increase of settlers as the new dominion governor enacts more reforms targeted toward economy and finance.
    • New Cambridgeshire: New Cambridgeshire expands by 1000 sq km west. Colonists begin to explore around the region and begin to have a large fishing boom. The Port of New Oxford is expanded to handle excess ships from Britannia and other European nations. A large influx of settlers arrive from Britannia, fueled by the fears and rumours of war. Due to the recent influx of furs, the local population booms. Shipping also booms as many new merchant vessels are constructed to meet demand. The Borealian colonies all expand inland 1000 sq km.
    • Colony of New Guerney: A flood of immigrants arrives at Port William on the island of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola) as the colony continues to experience an unprecedented influx of colonists. The colony expands 1000 sq km inland. Several new industries emerge as an increased demand for merchant marine ships rises. The Royal Navy attempts to gain a handle on the piracy situation. However, several small port towns of grown to harbour pirates due to the influx of money.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Crown Colony Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Colony of Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Britannia a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon, and Mexaco are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government.
    • Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. 
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. 
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia. 
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals. 
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself. 
    • Italy: The first year of Roman administration over all of Italy is seen by many, both in the Empire and in Italy, as a remarkable moment, although some are more thrilled about the event than others. In order to celebrate this monumental occasion, the Emperor Andrew I not only has a triumph down the streets of Rome itself, the first in hundreds of years, but also has one of the most memorable Christian masses in known history. The patriarchs of Rome, Constantinople, and Alexandria all have the mass together, celebrating all forms of Christianity now in the Empire. The patriarchs of Canterbury, Antioch, and Jerusalem were also invited, but they either were unable to or chose not to attend. Once matters religious are settled, the matters of secular administration is attended to. An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once cooperated with the Romans in ages past, is chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, is coronated as the King of Italy. All properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. By the end of the first year, most of Tuscany, Latium and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power.
      • Uruguay: We offer a trade deal and an alliance with the Roman Empire. We ask for aid with our military and defense in exchange for permission to construct a military base and install a garrison in our nation.
      • Roman Diplomacy: Rome accepts the offer of a trade deal and alliance. A force of three ships and 250 men will sail to Uruguay in order to man a military base, at least for the time being. 
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1750, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Frances I, aged 49, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Frances I is currently married to Ferdinand von Ingschaft, having married in 1740. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church, while the rest are either traditional Catholic or Reformist. There has been an uptick of 60% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 85% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In political news, Frances I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia and Würzburg, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. In parliamentary news, Frances promises the creation of a large Bavaro-Austrian parliament in return for Austrian help in expeditions to Negara Dipa after 1740. A commission of Austrians in Landshut agree to the deal. In other news, Ferdinand von Ingschaft becomes a prominent politician following his success in the Civil War. In demographic news, Frances I issues a 1735 census to be taken. The census is completed in 1736, and reveals that in all Bavarian realms, there are 16,000,000 people. In more depth, 8,500,000 live in Bavaria, 4,750,000 in Austria, 1,500,000 in Brandenburg, 1,000,000 in Pomerania, 75,000 in Bremen Port, and 175,000 in Lubeck. This is a near doubling in population since 1659, itself signalling postive population growth, and a population which maintains health into old age. The Queen's children are: Franz-Hector (born 1732), Joan (born 1735), and Anne (born 1741). The Queens's siblings are: former King Albert V (born 1694, died 1742), and Friedrich-Rudolf (born 1704). The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. In royal news, the body of Franz-Heinrich is transported back to Landshut in order for a funeral to take place there. Frances I, with her two children, attend the solemn ceremony. Concerning the situation in Pomerania, The war continues in northern Italy. However, in more positive news, plague seems to have died down in Brandeburg, claiming its last victims early in 1742. Prince Friedrich-Rudolf is married to Princess Mari of Brittany. In Austrian news, Felix Manzkari is petitioned by several Austrian parliamentarians to personally lead an army in the war. Manzkari, wanting to solidify Austrian support and, unlike King Ferdinand von Ingschaft, prove himself militarily, accepts the petition. In response to this, the Curia Austria officially creates the County of Manzkari, and names Felix as the first Count Manzkari. The Deutsche Diet legitimizes this decree, and the Queen follows suit a short time later. He leaves for the war in the early Spring and enters occupied Italian territory a few weeks later. Surprisingly, several strong regiments of the still surviving Spanish Empire spill into Italy from France. Manzkari engages several regiments in late May, and finds great success in these battles. His luck plateaus in the summer after undergoing a series of inconclusive skirmishes near Milan. Manzkari decides to return to Venice and spend the rest of the year resting, training and recuperating his troops, not wanting to make the same mistakes the ambitious Ferdinand did. This recuperation proves to be a good investment, as Manzkari powers through a series of successful battles near Milan. Later in the year, he narrowly dodges death after he is struck in the torso with musket fire. He luckily survives and is able to defeat a strong Spanish garrison attempting to siege Venice. Before he relents to exhaustion, Manzkari travels home. He writes letter to Queen Frances I detailing his military victories, and notes that the war is soon to come to an end, seeing as how the last Spanish armies have been firmly routed in Italy. Manzkari proves correct, and the war ends upon Spanish surrender in 1749. The country rejoices greatly as soldiers return home and a sense of normalcy is restored. Frances I sends an envoy to attend the war conference in Toledo. After the envoy returns home and the Treaty is signed, Queen Frances I legitimizes the Treaty via royal write, and in her position as Supreme Chancellor of the Deutsche Diet, through a parliamentary decree. Celebrations continue around Bavaria and Austria. Many rejoice over the end of a long war, while others are happy due to the large territorial gains made in the war, specifically the acquisition of the Kingdom of Venezia. Other gains include a large chunk of the former Spanish colonial empire in northwestern Borealia, positioned under New Bavaria (OTL Oregon), and a much smaller section of land in central Borealia (OTL San Salvador). The former is renamed from its native Spanish name, to a more German name: New Austria. Similarly, the central Borealian colony is renamed New Swabia. Concerning Venezia, Queen Frances and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. Simultaneously, several Austrian parliamentarians continue to call for Austrian annexation of Venezia, Tyrol, and Salzburg. In economic news, the economy is in tatters after the war. While nowhere near the level of destruction as faced by the Spanish economy, the Bavarian economy is still majorly shaken after the war. Trade dips in 1750 and a long recession begins as inflation rises and poverty increases.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. 
    • Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Felix Manzkari continues supporting of Austrian annexation of Tyrol and Venezia.
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 251 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue being constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria, and perhaps a large legislature servicing all Bavarian realms, one which would be an upper house while the Curia Bavaria and Curia Austria would be regional lower houses. Frances of Bavaria continues to give support to Austrian parliamentarians. Ferdinand von Ingschaft, in an address to the Curia Austria, petitions Frances I to create a dual Bavaro-Austrian parliament. 
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed. 
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. 
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. In 1730, Frances is declared Queen of Austria. 
    • Kingdom of Venezia: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Frances is declared as Queen of Venezia in 1750. In following the example of her grandfather King Leopold II, Queen Frances initiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. Frances I also launches a propaganda campaign in Venice. Her ministers in Venice villify decades of Spanish hegemony, and depict the efforts of Hispanicization in Italy as akin to genocide and the forced destruction of the Italian peoples. Furthermore, in an effort to lower anti-Bavarian sentiment in Venice, royal ministers depict the Bavarians as a benevolent aide, while the Croatians are displayed as marauding bandits and murderers who are responsible for the destruction the city is facing. These tactics, aiming to condemn the Spanish and elevate the Bavarians and Italians, is somewhat effective. Most living in the region care little of the causation of their misery, and only that it dissipates quickly. Seeing this development, the Deutsche Diet agree to pay for 40% of all expenses in Venezia, and lower the taxes in Venezia by a substantial amount. This tactic brings a much more welcome response.
    • Duchy of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Duke Edmund I, aged 47, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Edmund I's children are: Edmund (born 1718), Eleanor (born 1722), Albert-Maria (born 1722), Johann (born 1728) Klara (born 1733), and Johanna-Klarice (born 1736). Prince Edmund is married to Baroness Claramond von Augustin.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Hector I, aged 18, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • New Austria: The colony of Nei Österreich is established in 1750. The colony stretches from the borders of New Bavaria in the north, to the new French colonies in the south. Most of Nei Österreich is composed of primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanic colonists. Colonists from Nei Baiern are encouraged to settle in Nei Österreich. A few Bavarians and Austrians settle in the colony by year end, and immediately find it odd to live in such close proximity to Hispanics. Cultural differences, language barriers, and anti-Bavarian sentiment cause a sharp divide. However, as early as 1750, shared aspects such as economic status and religion begin slowly healing the divide. Bavarian and Austrian settlement is mostly limited to areas around Franznacken. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Österreich.
    • New Swabia: The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself. 
  • Uruguay: We begin to work on improving our economy, and look for trade partners and allies. The government puts together an advisory board of all the different native groups to prevent ethnic conflict. The army looks to purchase muskets and rifles. The navy begins to build two small gunboats.
  • With the end of the war, the king-in-exile is brought to Aragon to rule as king. People who rebelled against Hispania are given new noble titles as reward for their services and efforts to restore the rightful rulers. The new nation also begins to rebuild after the great destruction caused by the war. After much deliberation, it is decided that Aragon will not be a union of several smaller states under a single king, but that there will be a single nation, the Kingdom of Aragon, which will contain seventeen internal provinces. A constitutional convention is called, inviting delegates from all the new provinces to create a new constitution for Aragon. Meanwhile, the Interim Government seeks to formally establish relations with RomeBavariaWestphalia-Netherlands, and Britannia independent of the Treaty of Toledo.
    • Roman Diplomacy: Rome agrees to both diplomatic and trade relations. 
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The Bajandom undergoes a heavy reform following the war and Pavao Bartol Bunić, being a heavy advocator of pure Slavism announces that the name Bajan shall be removed and that only Ban shall be kept due to its lengthy history as part of the Croatian culture. However, the Bajandom will be renamed to the Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo) and the administrative division is also set in motion. Poland, Czechia and Silesia will be in a personal union with Croatia, while the rest shall be regarded vassals/colonies
    • Polish Voivodeship (Poljsko Vojvodstvo): The Polish Voivodeship grows relatively independently, although a part of the personal union, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Voivode is elected by it while the Archvoivode only confirms him. The issue within Poland are attempted to be handled, and for now things are peaceful again, although some nobles still seem to be plotting something.
    • Czech Voivodeship (Češko Vojvodstvo): The Voivodeship recovers from the Idiocracy's rule and many nobles gain more power in the nation.
    • Silesian Voivodeship (Šlezijsko Vojvodstvo): The Voivodeship's natural resources are highly sought in the rest of the nations with which is connected, which leads to economic growth. The Silesian cultural movement flourishes with aid of the Croats, who aim to make Silesia a region independent from both Poland and the Czechia.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
  • County of Oldenburg: The economy is not improving, despite the end of hostilities last year. Many returned soldiers are without jobs, and the vast majority of merchants are still trying to get back on their feet after a decade of disrupted shipping lanes. The big banks are less willing to offer people loans, and in general things are tough. Numerous families emigrate to Neu Norderney and to the new Thabascho Schutzgebiet in Central America. In the latter, the new Oldenburger governor tries to expand the colony's cacao industry, with some small success.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy and military of Scandinavia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Scandinavia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Scandinavian iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Bavaria, Pskov, the Roman Empire, Britannia, the Nehilaw and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian courts. The ports in Iceland are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach nine million by 1740. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. Homelessness in urban areas and overcrowding is becoming a massive problem, especially in Copenhagen. To accommodate, people are encouraged to travel to the New World. In political news, the House of Bjelbo-Griffins continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia reaps the benefits of the war in Spain, dominating the world market.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 1000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. An outpost on Greenland is built.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expands. 
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • Tartary: The nation experiences a brief increase in Siberian expansion this year, led by the agricultural peoples of the Volga or the emigrant Turks, as well as a wave of Sakha and Ket expansion along the main rivers. Much of the northern half of the Yenisey and Lena rivers is already in Tatar hands, while the Ob is entirely under control of the Emperor. We continue exploring and expanding east. The military also begins to be modernised. This turn is dedicated to economic expansion.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to economic. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St. Patriksburg is expanded, with a large kremlin and port being constructed.
  • The Kingdom of Navarre works tirelessly under the leadership of King Erramun to establish the economy as something of a fusion between the latest farming practices and newest industrial developments. This process involves producing just enough food to maintain a self-sufficient consumption-based economy where excess industrial goods can then be traded for a major profit. This drives investment into Navarre. More to come.
  • Lombardy: We continue rebuilding the nation after the recent war with Spain.The military is reformed from the foundation of units formed during the war, and trained to adequately defend the nation. This turn is officially dedicated to economy.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . During this year's Electoral Council meeting, the Issue of Hispania becomes a hot topic of debate and the council ends by re-affirming Bajan of Croatia as Supreme Prince. The Volunteer Batallions grow even more unexpectandly, as Professional soldiers in the Prussian and Latvian armies join them, creating two separate batallions. They are officialy designated as part of the "Croatian army" to try to maintain at least mediocre relations with Hispania, but remind them that while they have a military base in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve, those places can be very easily burned. General Karl Hohenzollern, leads the 1st Batallion to Zlatobrezhie, so that the force can plan to attack in the invasion of Spanish Africa after talking it over with Croatian military leadership. The second is given to the invasion of Hispania proper. Karkl scores many victories in the invasion of Africa, and captures much of the coast of OTL mozambique along with other European forces. A small contingent of 1000 men is sent to aid the Japanese in conquering Hong Kong. The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Upon receiving news of Bajan Ivan's death, the bells of the Veche ring once more, and the electoral council is once again set to meet. Two weeks of mourning are declared, as Wilhelm Hohenzollern takes on the role as interim head of state. The Electors are chosen in May, and convened from the 3rd of June to the 11th, when it was announced that Nicolai Feodorovich Zaytsev, the now-former Velikiy-Knyaz-Namestnik of Pskov was elected to the position of Supreme Prince, and takes the style His Supreme Princely Grace, Nicolai Feodorovich Zaytsev, by the will of the Veche and the People Velikiy Knyaz of Pskov, Grand Duke of Lithuania, Knyaz of Latvia and Belarus, Konig of Prussia, Consul of Eesti, and of the Whole Union Verkhovniy Knyaz (Supreme Prince). He is the first Verkhovniy Knyaz to be inaugurated under the tricolour banner of the Union of Konigsberg. The Military is mobilized with siege engines to fight Lukoshenko, he is proclaimed a traitor, and a bounty of 1000 zolotniks is placed on him. The Grand Senate declares lukoshenko a traitor because he wants power for himself and wants to destroy then fragile peace created. The Grand Senate also passes a (technically) non-binding piece of legislation, urging the official amending of local constitutions/ryads/etc... in order to allow temporary suspension of the rights and freedoms of the population in case of emergency(such as an armed insurgency) in a set area. The United ARmies have great success in Belarus, routhing rebel forces basically out of the nation. The Grand Senate refuses to recognize the newly created state with a capital in kiev, and reaffrims that Pskov is the only true succesor to the medieval state.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. Some Estonians volunteer for the war against Hispania/ Eesti, in support of the union and the political system, mobilizes to deal with the belarussian threat
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Some Latvians volunteer for the war in Hispania.Latvia mobilizes its military in support of the Union upon the behest of Pskov.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit. Some people volunteer. Lithuania prepares to Mobilize.
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP, and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care for the fate of the "lesser" nobility). König - Statthalter Wilhelm Hohenzollern acts with the power of the Supreme Prince during the March-June interregnum. During this time, Wilhelm, being a German himself, throws much more support behind Bavaria's war effort, and pledges two more "Volunteer battalions" to their armies, and puts General Ludwig von Einzbern in command of them. Erik von Einzbern denounces Lukoshenko as a traitor. The URPD prepares to mobilize
    • The Belarussian Military is improved as the Road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and implore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. Belarussia mobilizes its military in response to the revolts, trying its best to put them down. The Constitution is amended allowing for temporary suspension (but not outright removal) of the charter of rights in the case of emergencies, allowing for "Martial law" without legal repercussions for the government within a bounded geographical area. Not even a day later, upon the behest of the Grand Senate, Marshal law is declared by the Belarussian Duma (located in Minsk) in the areas affected by the revolt. Meanwhile, the army makes good headways in routing the revolting forces, as they use strategies to encircle certain groups. These revolters are disorganized, and while they may have gotten some government officials to sympathise, they are not a large portion, forcing them to try and fail to create their own government structure in Belarus, as most efforts are going towards fighting the United Armies. and after the declaration of amnesty, prisoners are released to their families once the United Armies have liberated their homes and then enacted marshal law as per legal declaration. The succeses of the armies scramble the rebels, and they become more and more disorganized. The Battle of Saligorsk sees Lukoshenko and his inner circle captured. They are quickly tried and convicted of treason, and sentenced to life in an isolated prison facility in OTL East Kay Bahamas run by the PIC. This causes their entire revolt thing to quiet down quite a bit, as the now-called "Alexander's Rebellion" comes to an end. Marshal law is not lifted, however, as Belarussian armies sweep for any remaining signs of sedition.

1751

The Kievan Rus’ begins to set up a unified system of government and military forces in order to resist anyone who might try to defeat their recently earned independence.

In a religious conference held in Florence, the Patriarchs of Alexandria, Rome, Constantinople, and whatever city of Morocco it was agreed, that since the cultural differences between the Western and Catholic Churches have more or less dissipated, the two will merge and be one again. (I realize this may be contentious, talk to us before raging, please, and we can explain it)

Serbians riot in the streets of major cities later in the year, as reports come in of the Roman Emperor transferring the area of southern Serbia (OTL Macedonia) to Bulgaria on his deathbed. Some of the riots are unable to be stopped, while the majority of Serbia’s nobility and government wait to hear from the Senate before acting.

Vietnam, being unified and under too heavy Japanese influence revolts against the Japanese Empire in order to regain its sovereignty. (Popular, 10 Mil, 10 Eco, 10 Infra, undoubled)

  • Empire of Japan (Personal Union With Manchuria): The military/economy is built up. Horiyōshi Yokohama III, late one night, decides to engage in intercourse with one of his courtwomen. However, getting overly exited and aroused, he suffers a heart attack from exhaustion. His son, Yamamota Yokohama IV, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarchs rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised apon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. After exploring north for a couple years to find alternate trade different from Hispania, Japanese and Ainu merchants make first contact with the Kiamukut Band on the Alaskan coast. The merchants did not understand the Inuits well, but they were escorted by fishers to the Grand Chief. As a sign if friendship between them, the merchants offer many gifts to him, being given Inuit food, cloth, shelter, and warmth in return. Because of this, troops are sent into the war against the Ming. A few Japanese settlers, looking to become the first contenders in the Alaskan trade, travel north to establish a colony on OTL St Lawrence Island. Ainu is annexed into Japan, in which a feast is held for both of the leaders of the two nations. However, Yamamoto Yokohama IV, afraid of losing trading rights in Kiatumgutai, sends a diplomat to the Tartary asking for trading rights in where they have settled. Meanwhile, Yamamoto Yokohama IV adopts a 12 year old Manchu boy, to show the people how much he cares about his empire. Vassalation of the Kiamikgut Band is halted due to the war with Hispania. With Vietnam revolting with more than anticipated power and as a sudden surprise, Emperor Yamamoto Yokohama IV orders a fiat to his military advisors, telling all troops to withdraw from Vietnam and to go to Biak, where they will be reasigned to a different location within the next year. All Shinto Vietnamese people's are offered to come to Japan and its empire, as long as they take a quiz on the basic faith of Shinto.
    • Japanese Manchuria (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of nine larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs. As the economy begins to drop with fewer Chinese and Spanish merchants coming in Yamamoto Yokohama IV asks the Chinese Warlord states X and Y to defend China in the case of any non-local emerging power rises in the area. To spice up the deal, Japan-Manchuria offers 70 lbs of silver to every state that joins, with economic bonuses coming long term.
    • Formosa (Vassal of Japan): The military/economy is built up. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Shanghai until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Qingdao until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Heinan until 1775, mostly because of the huge armies coming into Heinan, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island.
    • Kiatumgutai: As the new Alaskan market opens up, about eight more people flock to the area to try to make money in the area. The colony expands by 5 px.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. In Cherokee-Shawana, Wilhelm von Magdeburg and his staff continue training the Cherokee armies. In the East Indies, North Sumatra, a small state bordering Aceh on the east coast of Sumatra, is finally convinced to accept protectorate status (Turn Three of Three). Merchants stationed in Aceh, North Sumatra, and South Philippines continue spreading influence through the independent East Indies states thanks to Hamburgs increasing presence in the area. Though after North Sumatras admittance to Hamburgs East Indies sphere, attention is diverted to Hawaii and New Rugia and seeing trade oppritunities expanded there.
  • Tartary: The nation experiences a brief increase in Siberian expansion this year, led by the agricultural peoples of the Volga or the emigrant Turks, as well as a wave of Sakha and Ket expansion along the main rivers. Much of the northern half of the Yenisey and Lena rivers is already in Tatar hands, while the Ob is entirely under control of the Emperor. We continue exploring and expanding east. The military also begins to be modernised. This turn is dedicated to economic expansion.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to economic. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St Patriksburg is expanded, with a large Kremlin and port being constructed.
  • Great Manchu Empire (Personal Union With Japan): With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Yamamoto Yokohama IV succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. Large scale trade continues with Sichuan and the two nations are slowly and gradually brought closer.  Japanese culture was gradually adopted by the people. Disobeying the order, thousands of foreign as well as local Christians are kept safe by the Manchu Governor which led to mass celebrations by Manchu nationalists who ironically were then skinned alive on the orders of the same governor. Meanwhile, the Hailar Khaganate is officially annexed. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. Moreover, we adopt Japanese culture and promote Shinto. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Lanzhou: With the conquest of Lanzhou, a local leadership is set up. The people are treated with mercy, and all the positions that were held prior to the war would still be held. With the exception of nobles and the royal family, which, however, were to be replaced. Much more modern weaponry was flowed into Lanzhou and a militia consisting of 5000 men was established to look after the state security. Moreover, we adopt Japanese culture and promote Shinto. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. [Mil/Eco Turn]
  • '​'Nubia: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Our military continues to expand 100 px southwest. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. Now that Nubia is unified, we continue to centralize the nation. Due to revolts continuing to happen in Yemen, we continue to watch who comes into our nation carefully. The king dies in his sleep at the age of 61. His son Scorpion takes over has king of the nation. A statue of Damianos is made in honor of him.
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program of the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. small contigent of ten ships are sent at the nehilaw with and army of 10,000 soldiers to defend the area. War is declared upon Spain after several years of deterioration of the once great alliance of the two country, the king seeks to further its influence in Europe by attempting what many of his own military advisors consider suicide, The king prepares a good portion of the Fleet from Europe to attempt landing in Spain's east coast area. While this, the local troops from Colombia move to defend the southern and northwestern border as well as the local Colombian fleet to defend Nouvelle Sardinie from the Spanish fleet ships and pirates, The rest of the colonial troops moves into Spanish territory in OTL Mexico from Cahokia and Chateau d'or (Costa Rica :v) war continues for the time being
    • Sine, stop posting the old post ... Unless you want to go to war with Spain (again). Pink Floyd Hammer Flag - The Wall I'd rather be a hammer than a nail... 01:16, January 18, 2015 (UTC)
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The kingdom after defeating the forces of the rebels follow suit and declare war on Spain as France did.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Declares war on Spain as France did.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people. Declares war on Spain as France did.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Declares war on Spain as France did.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia. Declares war on Spain as France did.
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig asks a diplomatic meeting with Pskov, Croatia and Poland's leadership within the city.
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. Declares war on Spain as France did.
  • Yunnan: The Yunnanese continue to invest the modest income from exports into infrastructure. They also continue improving the defensive fortifications of Yunnan.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • New Austria (Colony of Bavaria): The economy recovers after the end of the Great War. The previous Spanish governor was wounded during the conflict, and died of infection at the beginning of this year. The regency council therefore comes together and elects Gaspar de Portola as the new governor. Portola is very favorable to the Bavarians, and sends a gift of 300 doubloons north to the governor of New Bavaria. The common people, however, are more reluctant. There was a riot this year in Franznacken, in which a small group of Hispanics broke out in violence against some Austrian immigrants, and shouted that the name of the city is Francesco. The riot was quickly dealt with, and the guilty inciters were rounded up and incarcerated. Portola also decided to start his governorship with a series of ambitious building projects. A dozen new villages are planned along the eastern side of the Cascade Mountains, thus opening up the surrounding wilderness for mining and deforestation. The biggest of these planned cities is New Vienna, situated on Crater Lake. Districts are separated between Hispanics and Germans, however, in order minimize incidents. A large new port is also being constructed on Coos Bay. Additionally, new forts are built along the Klamath Mountains. At this time, the military is made primarily of volunteers from the Great War, but hopefully a new military can be established next year. While these projects are underway, a team of explorers are sent up the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River) to find new frontiers for urbanization. Diplomats are sent to New Bavaria, asking for additional supplies to aid in these building projects. Diplomats are also sent to the French colonies in the south, wishing mutual good will and asking to acknowledge the 40th Parallel as our border.
    • Franznacken is apart of New Bavaria.
    • New Bavarian Dip: The governor of New Bavaria sends laborers and plenty of wood, bricks, glass, steel, and planks to aid in the projects. (Also, as a note, you mention places like Crater Lake and Klamath Mountains, as well as Amerigo River. Be careful as these places wouldn't have these names in PM3)
  • Mansurriyya Sultanate: After an extremely long period under the Sultanate, the Mansurriyyan vassals of Persia and Oman are annexed. Something which is met with happiness by the Omani and Persian royal families, as they are integrated into the Mansurriyyan royal court. The borders are reinforced with troops, military is built up and modernized, and emissaries are sent to the Roman Empire and Urdustan Empire inviting them to massive banquet commemorating the achievements of this year. The state of Yemen, still reeling from a period of revolt, are vassalised by the Mansurriyyan Sultanate. This takes place after the Yemeni royal family accept the offer of esteemed places in the Mansurriyyan royal court and much valued Mansurriyyan troops to maintain order throughout Yemen (PENDING MOD DECISION). Borders are expanded north-westwards and south-westwards to join with those of the disorganized lands there. Emissaries are sent to meet with local tribal leaders and establish some sort of infrastructure and gain local allegiances.
  • Oman is currently under attack by Yemen, which surely won't be vassalized by you. Hail, you can only defend Oman at the moment, and then perhaps attempt to reconquer Yemen. -Sky
  • Kingdom of Brittany: John XI of Montfort comes to power after his brother, Francis V dies. As an established lord in the town of Rennes at the age of 52, he already is popular within the Duchy as a fair ruler and capable administrator. His first act as king is to remove much of the unnecessary antiquated remnants of the feudal system left over in the semi-backwards Duchy with the goal of transforming it into a modern kingdom eventually. This enrages much of the local nobility, but they are pacified with bribes and the military which is improved heavily over the year, as many modern weapons are imported and generals are educated in modern tactics. Fearing a French invasion, John moves the capital from Naoned (Nantes) which is literally sitting on the border with France to the more centrally located town of Roazhon (Rennes). What navy that Brittany does have is nationalized and placed in the new seaport of Brest, located in a defensible harbor. After many failed colonies, King John XI decides to grant a charter to the Breton East India Company and it becomes the Royal Breton Indies Company, and a commercial port is established by the name of Porzh-Yann (Port John) at the confluence of the Scorff and Blavent rivers (OTL Lorient). Efforts to encourage the Breton language are applauded, and the standardization process goes smoothly. Schools across Brittany, especially in the Gallo language-speaking region of Lower Brittany are encouraged to teach modern Breton. Scholars create a Breton Bible and it is heavily promoted by the government and spread throughout the nation. Alongside the cultural revolution that is going on in Brittany, an agricultural revolution begins with improved crop rotation techniques, improvement of fertilizer, and the final decline in feudal land usage allow the agricultural output in the nation to grow in leaps and bounds, especially in the less remote and more fertile eastern region of the nation. Steam power spreads from France to Brittany and people begin moving into the rapidly-expanding cities of Naoned, Roazhon, and Porzh-Yann. After years of centralization, Brittany is finally declared a modern Kingdom with John XI as King. After the disaster that was Naoned Nevez, the Royal Breton Indies Company regroups and establishes a small outpost at OTL Pensacola known as Pensacola after a local tribe.
  • Kingdom of Tibet: Tibet begins to improve its economy and build up its military. Some farms and cities are built, more Buddhist are built and roads are improved. Massive military built ups occurs and the Tibetan population begins to grow faster as five million people is added every five years to defend its country from incoming invaders.
  • In Aragon, the new nation begins to rebuild after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and fresh construction of buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. King Charles is officially coronated as Charles IV of Aragon. Aragonese merchants and emissaries sail across the Mediterranean seeking to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. The Constitutional Convention continues in Zaragoza, with infighting being seen constantly. By the end of the year, however, the Constitution is completed and is sent out to all the provinces for ratification. It requires 75% of provinces to ratify before it can become law. In the Constitution, the creation of a National Assembly is declared. The Assembly has three houses: the House of Lords, the House of Commons, and the House of Governors. Elections are held across Aragon, although only landed white males can vote. Meanwhile, the outgoing Interim Government seeks to formally establish relations with BavariaWestphalia-Netherlands, and Britannia independent of the Treaty of Toledo.
  • Demak Sultanate: Sultan Adi leads the people in centralizing and becoming more Sunni Muslim. We reaffirm our alliances with the United Islamic Nations promising full support in return of full support. We continue trading heavily with the Suri Empire and Urdustan. The land given to the Suri Empire is openly bordered now, allowing people to move in and out of the border lines freely. We spread Islam throughout the Indonesian islands. Our military and navy is expanded as we receive economic support from Suri Empire. Our population increases. We reaffirm our alliance with the Dutch. We reaffirm their claims to Brunei and Pagabar. Trade is emphasized within the realm, as well as maintaining our massive navy. We start to recover from the war, even though we barely participated. We start to aid our UIN allies against the Yemeni threat.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Military turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The adminisstrative reform continues.
    • Polish Voivodeship (Poljsko Vojvodstvo): The Polish Voivodeship grows relatively independently, although a part of the personal union, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Voivode is elected by it while the Archvoivode only confirms him. The issue within Poland are attempted to be handled, and for now things are peaceful again, although some nobles still seem to be plotting something.
    • Czech Voivodeship (Češko Vojvodstvo): The Voivodeship recovers from the Idiocracy's rule and many nobles gain more power in the nation.
    • Silesian Voivodeship (Šlezijsko Vojvodstvo): The Voivodeship's natural resources are highly sought in the rest of the nations with which is connected, which leads to economic growth. The Silesian cultural movement flourishes with aid of the Croats, who aim to make Silesia a region independent from both Poland and the Czechia.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
  • The Kingdom of Navarre works tirelessly under the leadership of King Erramun to establish the economy as something of a fusion between the latest farming practices and newest industrial developments. This process involves producing just enough food to maintain a self-sufficient consumption-based economy where excess industrial goods can then be traded for a major profit. This drives investment into Navarre. More to come.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1751, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Frances I, aged 50, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Frances I is currently married to Ferdinand von Ingschaft, having married in 1740. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In political news, Frances I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia and Würzburg, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. In parliamentary news, Frances promises the creation of a large Bavaro-Austrian parliament in return for Austrian help in expeditions to Negara Dipa after 1740. A commission of Austrians in Landshut agree to the deal. In other news, Ferdinand von Ingschaft becomes a prominent politician following his success in the Civil War. In demographic news, Frances I issues a 1735 census to be taken. The census is completed in 1736, and reveals that in all Bavarian realms, there are 16,000,000 people. In more depth, 8,500,000 live in Bavaria, 4,750,000 in Austria, 1,500,000 in Brandenburg, 1,000,000 in Pomerania, 75,000 in Bremen Port, and 175,000 in Lubeck. This is a near doubling in population since 1659, itself signalling postive population growth, and a population which maintains health into old age. The Queen's children are: Franz-Hector (born 1732), Joan (born 1735), and Anne (born 1741). The Queens's siblings are: former King Albert V (born 1694, died 1742), and Friedrich-Rudolf (born 1704). The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. In royal news, the body of Franz-Heinrich is transported back to Landshut in order for a funeral to take place there. Frances I, with her two children, attend the solemn ceremony. Concerning the situation in Pomerania, The war continues in northern Italy. However, in more positive news, plague seems to have died down in Brandeburg, claiming its last victims early in 1742. Prince Friedrich-Rudolf is married to Princess Mari of Brittany. In Austrian news, Felix Manzkari is petitioned by several Austrian parliamentarians to personally lead an army in the war. Manzkari, wanting to solidify Austrian support and, unlike King Ferdinand von Ingschaft, prove himself militarily, accepts the petition. In response to this, the Curia Austria officially creates the County of Manzkari, and names Felix as the first Count Manzkari. The Deutsche Diet legitimizes this decree, and the Queen follows suit a short time later. He leaves for the war in the early Spring and enters occupied Italian territory a few weeks later. Suprisingly, several strong regiments of the still surviving Spanish Empire spill into Italy from France. Manzkari engages several regiments in late May, and finds great success in these battles. His luck plateaus in the summer after undergoing a series of inconclusive skirmishes near Milan. Manzkari decides to return to Venice and spend the rest of the year resting, training, and recuperating his troops, not wanting to make the same mistakes the ambitious Ferdinand did. This recuperation proves to be a good investment, as Manzkari powers through a series of successful battles near Milan. Later in the year, he narrowly dodges death after he is struck in the torso with musket fire. He luckily survives and is able to defeat a strong Spanish garrison attempting to siege Venice. Before he relents to exhaustion, Manzkari travels home. He writes letter to Queen Frances I detailing his military victories, and notes that the war is soon to come to an end, seeing as how the last Spanish armies have been firmly routed in Italy. Manzkari proves correct, and the war ends upon Spanish surrender in 1749. The country rejoices greatly as soldiers return home and a sense of normalcy is restored. Frances I sends an envoy to attend the war conference in Toledo. After the envoy returns home and the Treaty is signed, Queen Frances I legitimizes the Treaty via royal write, and in her position as Supreme Chancellor of the Deutsche Diet, through a parliamentary decree. Celebrations continue around Bavaria and Austria. Many rejoice over the end of a long war, while others are happy due to the large territorial gains made in the war, specifically the acquisition of the Kingdom of Venezia. Other gains include a large chunk of the former Spanish colonial empire in northwestern Borealia, positioned under New Bavaria (OTL Oregon), and a much smaller section of land in central Borealia (OTL San Salvador). The former is renamed from its native Spanish name, to a more German name: New Austria. Similarly, the central Borealian colony is renamed New Swabia. Concerning Venezia, Queen Frances and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In economic news, the economy is in tatters after the war. While nowhere near the level of destruction as faced by the Spanish economy, the Bavarian economy is still majorly shaken after the war. Trade dips in 1750 and a long recession begins as inflation rises and poverty increases. In 1751, as the economy remains volatile, the situation in Austria heats up as well. More and more Austrian parliamentarians, and even commoners and peasants, call for the annexation of Tyrol, Venezia, and Salzburg. No rioting or major demonstrations occur this year, but it is obvious to the Bavarian government that a situation is forming. In royal news, the hand of Princess Anne is offered to Prince Wolfgang of Westphalia. In religious news, Queen Frances I observes the Council of Florence, and supports the Patriarchs decision to merge the Roman and Western churches. In court, Frances I declares that Catholicism has always reigned well in Bavaria, and the distinctions between Western and Roman Catholicism were relics of the 15th century.
    • Westphalian Diplomacy: We accept.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. 
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 251 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue being constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria. Frances of Bavaria continues to give support to Austrian parliamentarians. Ferdinand von Ingschaft, in an address to the Curia Austria, petitions Frances I to create a dual Bavaro-Austrian parliament. 
    • Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Felix Manzkari continues supporting of Austrian annexation of Tyrol and Venezia. The Diet observes the unrest brewing in Austria, but no parliamentarian suggests anything that could agitate the situation further. Manzkari, on the other hand, allies himself with the factions that support Austrian annexation of the newly conquered realms.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed. 
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. 
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. In 1730, Frances is declared Queen of Austria. 
    • Kingdom of Venezia: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Frances is declared as Queen of Venezia in 1750. In following the example of her grandfather King Leopold II, Queen Frances initiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. Frances I also launches a propaganda campaign in Venice. Her ministers in Venice villify decades of Spanish hegemony, and depict the efforts of Hispanicization in Italy as akin to genocide and the forced destruction of the Italian peoples. Furthermore, in an effort to lower anti-Bavarian sentiment in Venice, royal ministers depict the Bavarians as a benevolent aide, while the Croatians are displayed as marauding bandits and murderers who are responsible for the destruction the city is facing. These tactics, aiming to condemn the Spanish and elevate the Bavarians and Italians, is somewhat effective. Most living in the region care little of the causation of their misery, and only that it dissipates quickly. Seeing this development, the Deutsche Diet agree to pay for 40% of all expenses in Venezia, and lower the taxes in Venezia by a substantial amount. This tactic brings a much more welcome response. In military news, 4,500 Bavarian and Austrian troops are left stationed in Venezia in case any violent uprising occurs.
    • Duchy of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Duke Edmund I, aged 48, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Edmund I's children are: Edmund (born 1718), Eleanor (born 1722), Albert-Maria (born 1722), Johann (born 1728) Klara (born 1733), and Johanna-Klarice (born 1736). Prince Edmund is married to Baroness Claramond von Augustin.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Hector I, aged 19, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • New Austria: The colony of Nei Österreich is established in 1750. The colony stretches from the borders of New Bavaria in the north, to the new French colonies in the south. Most of Nei Österreich is composed of primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanic colonists. Colonists from Nei Baiern are encouraged to settle in Nei Österreich. 
    • New Swabia: The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself. 
  • Uruguay: The government continues to improve the economic situation, and increases trade with the Roman Empire. The military begins to construct muskets and bayonets to arm our troops. The navy has four small gunboats. These ships are fifty man ships, carrying two starboard and two portside demicannons, and other small arms.
  • Sichuan: Warlord Yin Wulong decides to make a trip to Japan, bringing with him gifts of jade and silk for the Japanese Emperor. In the absence of the Warlord a Regent is appointed. When he arrives in China he requests a meeting with the Japanese Emperor. In the meanwhile while he was waiting for a response from the Emperor he takes trip around the Japanese capital of Kyoto, witnessing Japanese culture, which he takes interest in. Meanwhile in Sichuan where the Regent rules in the Warlord's stead, the Regent does not do much, simply doing normal ruling activities.
  • Andean Monarchy: With the end of the War and the expansion of the Inca, the Peruvian Confederation, under the French, reforms into the Andean Monarchy. Tawantinsuyu remains the head nation in the Monarchy, and is the most populous at nine million people. It also houses the largest City:Cuzco, which has roughly 170,000 people. Military, economy and navy improve. Huascar II and his Lesser Kings oversee the creation of the Union of Hesperia and Borrelia, we invite Vorylaclayr to join the UHB.
    • Empire du Chimor: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly three million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Empire du Chiribaya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly three million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Empire du Collaquyimbya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 300,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Viceroyalty of Chile: Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under one million, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region.
    • Domain of Tiwanaku:  Formally a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 100,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region, though French and Inca cultures also grow.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Upon receiving news of Bajan Ivan's death, the bells of the Veche ring once more, and the electoral council is once again set to meet. . The Grand Senate refuses to recognize the newly created state with a capital in kiev, and reaffrims that Pskov is the only true succesor to the medieval state.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. Some Estonians volunteer for the war against Hispania/ Eesti, in support of the union and the political system, mobilizes to deal with the belarussian threat
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Some Latvians volunteer for the war in Hispania.Latvia mobilizes its military in support of the Union upon the behest of Pskov.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit. Some people volunteer. Lithuania prepares to Mobilize.
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP, and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care for the fate of the "lesser" nobility). Nikolaus Hohenzollern does his things and whatnot as governour.
    • The Belarussian Military is improved as the Road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of marshal law, the Marshal law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarussia sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. 
  • County of Oldenburg: The economy continues to be weak, with no sign of help from the banks forthcoming. Some of the worse-off tenant farmers have to give up their tenancies, only for them to be snaffled up by the few farmers who are doing all right. Many of these displaced farmers emigrate to Neu Norderney or Thabascho. In the latter protectorate, the Governor's schemes to grow the local cacao industry gain traction, and the first shipful of Oldenburger Thabascho cacao is sent to the metropole for sampling. The OHG sets up an office in Thabascho, ensuring themselves access to the new protectorate and all the resources that come with it. 
  • Mexaca FlagDominion of Mexaca: The Prime Minister of the newly created Dominion of Mexaca, Cesar Tontaltec, starts the rebuilding process for the nation. Consulates and government buildings are set up in the new capital of Zapoteca (OTL Monterrey). The name reflects a link to the nation's past, while the city is meant to be a driving force in the nation's development. The political capital is located in Zapoteca, while the cultural capital remains in the old capital of Danibaan. Tontaltec meets with Britannian diplomats to streamline the process of setting up the new dominion. Basic infrastructure is restored, many citizens recruited to rebuild roads, bridges and boats. Prime Minister Tontaltec believes that employing the masses of impoverished people will help the struggling economy. Basic goods also resume production - fruits, vegetables, flax, timber, fisheries, etc. While most of the population speaks a regional dialect of Spanish (with a strong Zapotec influence), English is introduced, and will slowly be built up as the main language of the nation. The new Flag of Mexaca is colored in red, white, and blue, to show ties to Britannia. It also displayes the icon of the Mexacan cross, a symbol popularly used by churches in the nation. Note: The proper denonym for Mexaca is Mexacan, not Mexican. 
  • The Empire of Britannia: (Copy-pasting for Andy) Many ships are modernized and replaced to keep the British Royal Navy a powerful force on the high seas. The Empire enacts a new series of reforms designed to better govern the numerous holdings of the Empire. The Empire, having had many years of isolation and inactivity on the global scale, rejoins the world stage. The first modernization steps are taken to streamline the military forces. The Crown Colonial Association also decides to also streamline the Borealian colonies. The former L'nu nation is integrated into New Dublin to form the Dominion of Arcadia. Other nation changes include economic reforms to restart the sluggish economy and a greater focus on military technology. The military is updated. A new model for economic production is released in homes of bolstering Britannia's economy, one of the leading economies in the world. The efforts come after many years of flagging production and scientific stagnation. Nowhere are these reforms more found than the colonies, where governors have been told to move away from a purely exploitive model to a more productive, economic model. The hope is by freeing up some of the labor force that was once used for exploitation, and use that force in a more efficient capacity, that profits and production would rise. Parliament clamors for continued updates to infrastructure and technology. The Britannic war of succession finally appears to be over with King James officially coronated at the Tower of London as Emperor James of Scotland, Ruler of Britannia and her holdings, Defender of the Faith, Most August. James will consider entertaining the Oldenbuger request in regards to officially ending the civil war and provide the former house with some position. In the meantime, the former emperor flees to a safe haven in Hamburg. The Council of Kent is convened to end the succession crisis. Emperor James states that he will allow the House of Hamburg to remain nobility and offer the family control over Arcadia. In other news, Parliament declares war on Spain citing the strengthening of ties with France an overall increase in tension between the once cordial nations. The bulk of the Britannic navy is assembled and begins the trip to Spain. Troops are directed from the Navy as well as land forces through France. In Borealia, The Dominion of Arcadia, New Cambridgeshire and New Guerney also aid in the effort. In a speech to Parliament Emperor James laments his nations decision but firmly stands behind the parliament and armed forces in this matter. Ties with France are further strengthen by the combined effort. The Emperor plans a visit to the Prime Minister of Mexaca to discuss the future between the nations. Troops are sent to help fight the Spanish off.
    Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    Eire: The Irish continue to expand the navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    Dominion of Arcadia: Continues to expand 1000 sq km west and south. A large influx of settlers arrive from Eire. The new realignment of the two colonial holdings of L'nu and New Dublin see a massive increase of settlers as the new dominion governor enacts more reforms targeted toward economy and finance.
    New Cambridgeshire: New Cambridgeshire expands by 1000 sq km west. Colonists begin to explore around the region and begin to have a large fishing boom. The Port of New Oxford is expanded to handle excess ships from Britannia and other European nations. A large influx of settlers arrive from Britannia, fueled by the fears and rumours of war. Due to the recent influx of furs, the local population booms. Shipping also booms as many new merchant vessels are constructed to meet demand. The Borealian colonies all expand inland 1000 sq km.
    Colony of New Guerney: A flood of immigrants arrives at Port William on the island of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola) as the colony continues to experience an unprecedented influx of colonists. The colony expands 1000 sq km inland. Several new industries emerge as an increased demand for merchant marine ships rises. The Royal Navy attempts to gain a handle on the piracy situation. However, several small port towns of grown to harbour pirates due to the influx of money.
    Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    Crown Colony Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    Colony of Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Britannia a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).

1752

Early turn here because I won't be around later to do it.

Upon receiving message from Constantinople of the Senate confirming the transfer of southern Serbia (OTL Macedonia) to Bulgaria, there are more riots in Serbia and Constantinople. In one of these riots, one of the Serbian senators is stoned to death before the Paramonai put the riot down. The outraged Serbian nobles start an open rebellion against the Imperial government, seeking a redress of grievances and favoritism towards the Bulgarians. (Popular, 10 Mil, 10 Eco, 10 Infra, undoubled)

As the war against Vietnam carries on, the Papuan colony not only halts its expansion but also starts deteriorating under coordinated raids led by the Ängu tribe. (500 sq km loss per turn)

With the successful display of unity by the German states in the War of the Grand Coalition, there is a small upsurge of pro-German sentiment. As a result, several nobles and prominent commoners stage an uprising in northern and central Rhineland under the thought that if Spain can be defeated, so too can France. (Popular, 10 Mil, 10 Eco, 10 Infra, undoubled)

Congo marshalls its forces and breaks off from the Dutch Empire, using the opportunity gained by the aftermath of the war to follow its own path separate from the wills of European nations. (Popular, 10 Mil, 10 Eco, 10 Infra, undoubled)

The Manchu Empire declares its independence from Japan and declaring a new Emperor as their sovereign. This is mainly because of increasing cultural and political differences between the two courts. (No need for scores here, I think. Play nice, you two.)

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. New Mecklenburg in Australia expands by 750px. Trade with Hawaiian and New Rugian natives continues.
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program of the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each.
  • Empire of Japan: The military/economy is built up. Horiyōshi Yokohama III, late one night, decides to engage in intercourse with one of his courtwomen. However, getting overly exited and aroused, he suffers a heart attack from exhaustion. His son, Yamamota Yokohama IV, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarchs rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised apon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. After exploring north for a couple years to find alternate trade different from Hispania, Japanese and Ainu merchants make first contact with the Kiamukut Band on the Alaskan coast. The merchants did not understand the Inuits well, but they were escorted by fishers to the Grand Chief. As a sign if friendship between them, the merchants offer many gifts to him, being given Inuit food, cloth, shelter, and warmth in return. Because of this, troops are sent into the war against the Ming. A few Japanese settlers, looking to become the first contenders in the Alaskan trade, travel north to establish a colony on OTL St Lawrence Island. Ainu is annexed into Japan, in which a feast is held for both of the leaders of the two nations. However, Yamamoto Yokohama IV, afraid of losing trading rights in Kiatumgutai, sends a diplomat to the Tartary asking for trading rights in where they have settled. Meanwhile, Yamamoto Yokohama IV adopts a 12 year old Manchu boy, to show the people how much he cares about his empire. Vassalation of the Kiamikgut Band is halted due to the war with Hispania. With Vietnam revolting with more than anticipated power and as a sudden surprise, Emperor Yamamoto Yokohama IV orders a fiat to his military advisors, telling all troops to withdraw from Vietnam and to go to Biak, where they will be reasigned to a different location within the next year. All Shinto Vietnamese people's are offered to come to Japan and its empire, as long as they take a quiz on the basic faith of Shinto. After a long talk between the Manchu Rebels and their leader, Japan and Manchuria decide to part ways, seeing that the Great Manchu Empire hasn't been profiting for the empire as much as it used to.
    • Japanese Manchuria (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 9 larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs. As the economy begins to drop with fewer Chinese and Spanish merchants coming in Yamamoto Yokohama IV asks the Chinese Warlord states X and Y to defend China in the case of any non-local emerging power rises in the area. To spice up the deal, Japan-Manchuria offers 70 lbs of Silver to every state that joins, with economic bonuses coming long term.
    • Formosa (Vassal of Japan): The military/economy is built up. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Shanghai until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Qingdao until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Heinan until 1775, mostly because of the huge armies coming into Heinan, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island.
    • Kiatumgutai: As the new Alaskan market opens up, about eight more people flock to the area to try to make money in the area. The colony expands by 5 px.
  • Nubia: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Our military continues to expand 100 px southwest. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. Now that Nubia is unified, we continue to centralize the nation. Due to revolts continuing to happen in Yemen, we continue to watch who comes into our nation carefully.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1752, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Frances I, aged 51, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Frances I is currently married to Ferdinand von Ingschaft, having married in 1740.. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In political news, Frances I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia and Würzburg, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. In parliamentary news, Frances promises the creation of a large Bavaro-Austrian parliament in return for Austrian help in expeditions to Negara Dipa after 1740. A commission of Austrians in Landshut agree to the deal. In other news, Ferdinand von Ingschaft becomes a prominent politician following his success in the Civil War. In demographic news, Frances I issues a 1735 census to be taken. The census is completed in 1736, and reveals that in all Bavarian realms, there are 16,000,000 people. In more depth, 8,500,000 live in Bavaria, 4,750,000 in Austria, 1,500,000 in Brandenburg, 1,000,000 in Pomerania, 75,000 in Bremen Port, and 175,000 in Lubeck. This is a near doubling in population since 1659, itself signalling postive population growth, and a population which maintains health into old age. The Queen's children are: Franz-Hector (born 1732), Joan (born 1735), and Anne (born 1741, married to Wolfgang von Habsburg in 1751). The Queens's siblings are: former King Albert V (born 1694, died 1742), and Friedrich-Rudolf (born 1704). The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. In royal news, the body of Franz-Heinrich is transported back to Landshut in order for a funeral to take place there. Frances I, with her two children, attend the solemn ceremony. Concerning the situation in Pomerania, The war continues in northern Italy. However, in more positive news, plague seems to have died down in Brandeburg, claiming its last victims early in 1742. Prince Friedrich-Rudolf is married to Princess Mari of Brittany. In Austrian news, Felix Manzkari is petitioned by several Austrian parliamentarians to personally lead an army in the war. Manzkari, wanting to solidify Austrian support and, unlike King Ferdinand von Ingschaft, prove himself militarily, accepts the petition. In response to this, the Curia Austria officially creates the County of Manzkari, and names Felix as the first Count Manzkari. The Deutsche Diet legitimizes this decree, and the Queen follows suit a short time later. He leaves for the war in the early Spring and enters occupied Italian territory a few weeks later. Suprisingly, several strong regiments of the still surviving Spanish Empire spill into Italy from France. Manzkari engages several regiments in late May, and finds great success in these battles. His luck plateaus in the summer after undergoing a series of inconclusive skirmishes near Milan. Manzkari decides to return to Venice and spend the rest of the year resting, training, and recuperating his troops, not wanting to make the same mistakes the ambitious Ferdinand did. This recuperation proves to be a good investment, as Manzkari powers through a series of successful battles near Milan. Later in the year, he narrowly dodges death after he is struck in the torso with musket fire. He luckily survives and is able to defeat a strong Spanish garrison attempting to siege Venice. Before he relents to exhaustion, Manzkari travels home. He writes letter to Queen Frances I detailing his military victories, and notes that the war is soon to come to an end, seeing as how the last Spanish armies have been firmly routed in Italy. Manzkari proves correct, and the war ends upon Spanish surrender in 1749. The country rejoices greatly as soldiers return home and a sense of normalcy is restored. Frances I sends an envoy to attend the war conference in Toledo. After the envoy returns home and the Treaty is signed, Queen Frances I legitimizes the Treaty via royal write, and in her position as Supreme Chancellor of the Deutsche Diet, through a parliamentary decree. Celebrations continue around Bavaria and Austria. Many rejoice over the end of a long war, while others are happy due to the large territorial gains made in the war, specifically the acquisition of the Kingdom of Venezia. Other gains include a large chunk of the former Spanish colonial empire in northwestern Borealia, positioned under New Bavaria (OTL Oregon), and a much smaller section of land in central Borealia (OTL San Salvador). The former is renamed from its native Spanish name, to a more German name: New Austria. Similarly, the central Borealian colony is renamed New Swabia. Concerning Venezia, Queen Frances and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In economic news, the economy is in tatters after the war. While nowhere near the level of destruction as faced by the Spanish economy, the Bavarian economy is still majorly shaken after the war. Trade dips in 1750 and a long recession begins as inflation rises and poverty increases. In 1751, as the economy remains volatile, the situation in Austria heats up as well. More and more Austrian parliamentarians, and even commoners and peasants, call for the annexation of Tyrol, Venezia, and Salzburg. No rioting or major demonstrations occur this year, but it is obvious to the Bavarian government that a situation is forming. In sad news, King Ferdinand dies this year, and the royal family mourns for the rest of the year. In other news, Austrian parliamentarians begin congregating in the Deutsche Diet, arousing the suspicion of their Bavarian counterparts. Their meetings are in secret, and the more extreme Bavarian parliamentarians accuse them of treason and plotting to overthrow the government. Regardless of parliamentary strife and polarization, the meetings continue to occur. Felix Manzkari is among those parliamentarians, and along with him, Frederick von Croÿ, a thirty-one year old Austrian nobleman, of the famed Burgundian noble house. His house is largely irrelevant in the modern world, and he is anxious about changing that. In an effort to possibly strengthen his own house, advance the position of Austria, and aide in the growing anti-Bavarian sentiment in the country, Frederick von Croÿ secretly petitions the Habsburg King of Westphalia to ally with both Manzkari and Croÿ. If he does so, he will see a reversal of the Wittelsbach subjugation of Austria. He continues to write in his petition that he plans on overthrowing Queen Frances I, and installing himself on the throne. However, he requests more of the King's help, and requests a large sum of reichstalers and possible military support if he is to overthrown Bavarian dominance. Croÿ offers to marry the King's daughter, Maria-Amalia, and promises that once he is installed as King, the two will rule as co-monarchs, with Maria-Amalia enjoying the exact same rights as her male counterpart. Frederick also notes that if the Westphalian King so wishes, a new house, the House of Croÿ-Habsburg, may be created upon his and Maria-Amalia's marriage. With that note, Frederick's secret petition is sent under discreet transport to Frankfurt, but not before Felix Manzkari finds out about Frederick's plans. He is taken aback at Frederick's ambition, and regards it as both extremely implausible, and treasonous. However, he remains quiet for the remaining months of the year, not telling anyone. Therefore, Queen Frances I and the rest of the Bavarian government do not harbor suspicions against Manzkari, Croÿ, or the Westphalian King. In other news, Austria continues to be under civil unrest, and it seemingly grows each year.
    • Westphalia: Leopold II accepts.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. 
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 251 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue being constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria. Frances of Bavaria continues to give support to Austrian parliamentarians. Ferdinand von Ingschaft, in an address to the Curia Austria, petitions Frances I to create a dual Bavaro-Austrian parliament. 
    • Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Felix Manzkari continues supporting of Austrian annexation of Tyrol and Venezia. The Diet observes the unrest brewing in Austria, but no parliamentarian suggests anything that could agitate the situation further. Manzkari, on the other hand, allies himself with the factions that support Austrian annexation of the newly conquered realms.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed. 
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. 
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. In 1730, Frances is declared Queen of Austria. In other news, anti-Bavarian sentiment rises as more and more Austrians call for the annexation of Tyrol and Venezia.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Frances is declared as Queen of Venezia in 1750. In following the example of her grandfather King Leopold II, Queen Frances initiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. Frances I also launches a propaganda campaign in Venice. Her ministers in Venice villify decades of Spanish hegemony, and depict the efforts of Hispanicization in Italy as akin to genocide and the forced destruction of the Italian peoples. Furthermore, in an effort to lower anti-Bavarian sentiment in Venice, royal ministers depict the Bavarians as a benevolent aide, while the Croatians are displayed as marauding bandits and murderers who are responsible for the destruction the city is facing. These tactics, aiming to condemn the Spanish and elevate the Bavarians and Italians, is somewhat effective. Most living in the region care little of the causation of their misery, and only that it dissipates quickly. Seeing this development, the Deutsche Diet agree to pay for 40% of all expenses in Venezia, and lower the taxes in Venezia by a substantial amount. This tactic brings a much more welcome response. In military news, 4,500 Bavarian and Austrian troops are left stationed in Venezia in case any violent uprising occurs.
    • Duchy of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Duke Edmund I, aged 49, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Edmund I's children are: Edmund (born 1718), Eleanor (born 1722), Albert-Maria (born 1722), Johann (born 1728) Klara (born 1733), and Johanna-Klarice (born 1736). Prince Edmund is married to Baroness Claramond von Augustin.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Hector I, aged 20, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • New Austria: The colony of Nei Österreich is established in 1750. The colony stretches from the borders of New Bavaria in the north, to the new French colonies in the south. Most of Nei Österreich is composed of primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanic colonists. Colonists from Nei Baiern are encouraged to settle in Nei Österreich. 
    • New Swabia: The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself. 
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy and military of Scandinavia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Scandinavia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Scandinavian iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Bavaria, Pskov, the Roman Empire, Britannia, the Nehilaw and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian courts. The ports in Iceland are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach nine million by 1740. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. Homelessness in urban areas and overcrowding is becoming a massive problem, especially in Copenhagen. To accommodate, people are encouraged to travel to the New World. In political news, the House of Bjelbo-Griffins continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia reaps the benefits of the war in Spain, dominating the world market.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 1000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. An outpost on Greenland is built.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expands. 
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • Kingdom of Tibet: Tibet continues to improve its economy and build up its military. Some farms and cities are built, more Buddhist are built and roads are improved. Massive military built ups occurs and the Tibetan population continues to grow faster as five million people is added every five years to defend its country from incoming invaders.
  • Implausible numbers. -MP
  • Andean Monarchy: With the end of the War and the expansion of the Inca, the Peruvian Confederation, under the French, reforms into the Andean Monarchy. Tawantinsuyu remains the head nation in the Monarchy, and is the most populous at nine million people. It also houses the largest City:Cuzco, which has roughly 170,000 people. Military, economy and navy improve. Huascar II dies, and his son, Apeac III takes the throne. Apeac currently has 1 child, Cava (16) we invite Vorylaclayr to join the UHB.
    • Empire du Chimor: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly four million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Empire du Chiribaya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly three million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Empire du Collaquyimbya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 300,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Viceroyalty of Chile: Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under one million, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region.
    • Domain of Tiwanaku:  Formally a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 100,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region, though French and Inca cultures also grow.
  • New Austria (Colony of Bavaria): The economy and military improve. The mountainside cities, especially New Vienna, expand rapidly, with new businesses for refining and manufacturing appearing routinely. A new standing army is established this year, with a military academy built in New Vienna. The forts are also expanded, and new artillery are manufactured. The new port is finished ahead of schedule, and a fleet of merchant ships begin to be constructed. Relations between Hispanics and Germans improve as intercity trade develops. A university is under construction in New Vienna, along with a several elementary schools in other cities. Diplomats are sent to the french colonies, wishing mutual goodwill and asking the 40th Parallel to be recognized as our border. Traders begin to travel down the Tancha River (OTL Eel River), seeking trade relations with the French colonists. In the north, the explorers return with good news, and so the colony expands northeast 800 km along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River), as far as Lake Frances (OTL Lake Louise). A trading post, called Santiago, is established near this lake.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus crown the first Grand Prince of Kiev in centuries, who is crowned as Grand Prince Ivan II. The grzywna is reinstated as Kiev's currency, though the currency is naturally in coin form due to convenience. The Grand Prince makes a speech recognizing the Belarusians in Kiev's northern province as being equal to the Ukrainians of the south. This is done out of a desire to thank them for joining Kiev following their independence from Pskov. The considerable minorities of Russians, Dacians, Poles and even Croats are allowed to stay as long as they swear loyalty pledges to the Grand Prince.
  • In Aragon, the new nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and fresh construction of buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries sail across the Mediterranean seeking to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. The new Constitution is ratified by the provinces. The National Assembly officially orders the construction of new ships and the purchase of new weaponry. Meanwhile, the new Assembly seeks to formally establish relations with BavariaWestphalia-Netherlands, and Britannia independent of the Treaty of Toledo.
  • Sichuan: Warlord Yin Wulong, angered by the lack of response to his request to meet with the Emperor, as well as surprised by the revolt of Manchuria from the Japanese Empire, makes arrangements to leave Japan as soon as possible, though he is not sure he will be able to make it home until the next year. Meanwhile in Sichuan, the Regent is also very surprised by the revolt of Manchuria, but decides to take a neutral stance in the affair in the current absence of the Warlord from the nation.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon, and Mexaco are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government.
  • Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km. 
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia. 
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals. 
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself. 
    • Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once cooperated with the Romans in ages past, is chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, is coronated as the King of Italy. All properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. By the end of the first year, most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power.
  • Mansurriyya Sultanate: Now that Yemen's ill-advised attack on Oman has been successfully repelled, Mansurriyyan troops launch a counterattack into their lands, quickly destroying what remained of the Yemeni attack force on Oman's border and taking the fight to the Yemeni interior. It is predicted that there will be total victory in two years, and that Yemen will be a vassal under the Sultanate upon victory. Plans to annex Oman into the Sultanate proper upon conclusion of the war are drawn up. The borders are reinforced further with troops, the military continues to be built up and modernized. Following the lack of reply from the Roman Empire and Urdustan Empire to attend the celebratory banquet of the previous year, we are saddened. However, regardless, we send an alliance offer to the Roman Empire. Now that the borders of the Mansurriyyan Sultanate are in direct contact with the disorganized lands in the north and south of the Arabian Peninsula; troops, builders, and key supplies are sent into these areas to increase the pace of infrastructure build up and formation of centralized government under the Mansurriyya Sultanate. The infrastructure is aimed to be on par with the Sultanate itself and the governments created will be made up of a mixture of individuals provided by the Sultanate and local tribal leaders. Local allegiances with the most powerful tribal leaders have been formed, increasing the pace of centralization further, and allowing a transfer of Mansurriyyan ideals and goals to the local populace.
  • The Nehilaw continue to modernize and advance their interests. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casino, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields.
  • The Kingdom of Navarre works tirelessly under the leadership of King Erramun to establish the economy as something of a fusion between the latest farming practices and newest industrial developments. This process involves producing just enough food to maintain a self-sufficient consumption-based economy where excess industrial goods can then be traded for a major profit. This drives investment into Navarre. More to come.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. small contigent of ten ships are sent at the nehilaw with and army of 10,000 soldiers to defend the area.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. 
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. 
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people. 
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. 
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia. 
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig asks a diplomatic meeting with Pskov, Croatia and Poland's leadership within the city.
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. 
  • County of Oldenburg: The economy continues sluggishly, although the banks have started giving low-risk loans to some colonial projects. Cacao from the Thabascho protectorate is quite popular amongst the rich, leading to an increase in production.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. Upon receiving news of Bajan Ivan's death, the bells of the Veche ring once more, and the electoral council is once again set to meet. The Grand Senate refuses to recognize the newly created state with a capital in kiev, and reaffirms that Pskov is the only true succesor to the medieval state.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. Some Estonians volunteer for the war against Hispania/ Eesti, in support of the union and the political system, mobilizes to deal with the Belarussian threat.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Some Latvians volunteer for the war in Hispania.Latvia mobilizes its military in support of the Union upon the behest of Pskov.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit. Some people volunteer. Lithuania prepares to mobilize.
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care for the fate of the "lesser" nobility). Nikolaus Hohenzollern does his things and whatnot as governour.
    • The Belarussian Military is improved as the Road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of marshal law, the Marshal law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarussia sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. 
  • Tartary: The nation experiences a brief increase in Siberian expansion this year, led by the agricultural peoples of the Volga or the emigrant Turks, as well as a wave of Sakha and Ket expansion along the main rivers. Much of the northern half of the Yenisey and Lena rivers is already in Tatar hands, while the Ob is entirely under control of the Emperor. We continue exploring and expanding east. The military also begins to be modernised. This turn is dedicated to military expansion.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to military. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St. Patriksburg is expanded, with a large kremlin and port being constructed.
  • Mexaca FlagDominion of Mexaca: The Prime Minister of the newly created Dominion of Mexaca, Cesar Tontaltec, starts the rebuilding process for the nation. Consulates and government buildings are set up in the new capital of Zapoteca (OTL Monterrey). The name reflects a link to the nation's past, while the city is meant to be a driving force in the nation's development. The political capital is located in Zapoteca, while the cultural capital remains in the old capital of Danibaan. Tontaltec meets with Britannian diplomats to streamline the process of setting up the new dominion. Basic infrastructure is restored, many citizens recruited to rebuild roads, bridges and boats. Prime Minister Tontaltec believes that employing the masses of impoverished people will help the struggling economy. Basic goods also resume production - fruits, vegetables, flax, timber, fisheries, etc. While most of the population speaks a regional dialect of Spanish (with a strong Zapotec influence), English is introduced, and will slowly be built up as the main language of the nation. The new Flag of Mexaca is colored in red, white, and blue, to show ties to Britannia. It also displayes the icon of the Mexacan cross, a symbol popularly used by churches in the nation. Note: The proper denonym for Mexaca is Mexacan, not Mexican. 
  • The Empire of Britannia: (Copy-pasting for Andy) Many ships are modernized and replaced to keep the British Royal Navy a powerful force on the high seas. The Empire enacts a new series of reforms designed to better govern the numerous holdings of the Empire. The Empire, having had many years of isolation and inactivity on the global scale, rejoins the world stage. The first modernization steps are taken to streamline the military forces. The Crown Colonial Association also decides to also streamline the Borealian colonies. The former L'nu nation is integrated into New Dublin to form the Dominion of Arcadia. Other nation changes include economic reforms to restart the sluggish economy and a greater focus on military technology. The military is updated. A new model for economic production is released in homes of bolstering Britannia's economy, one of the leading economies in the world. The efforts come after many years of flagging production and scientific stagnation. Nowhere are these reforms more found than the colonies, where governors have been told to move away from a purely exploitive model to a more productive, economic model. The hope is by freeing up some of the labor force that was once used for exploitation, and use that force in a more efficient capacity, that profits and production would rise. Parliament clamors for continued updates to infrastructure and technology. The Britannic war of succession finally appears to be over with King James officially coronated at the Tower of London as Emperor James of Scotland, Ruler of Britannia and her holdings, Defender of the Faith, Most August. James will consider entertaining the Oldenbuger request in regards to officially ending the civil war and provide the former house with some position. In the meantime, the former emperor flees to a safe haven in Hamburg. The Council of Kent is convened to end the succession crisis. Emperor James states that he will allow the House of Hamburg to remain nobility and offer the family control over Arcadia. In other news, Parliament declares war on Spain citing the strengthening of ties with France an overall increase in tension between the once cordial nations. The bulk of the Britannic navy is assembled and begins the trip to Spain. Troops are directed from the Navy as well as land forces through France. In Borealia, The Dominion of Arcadia, New Cambridgeshire and New Guerney also aid in the effort. In a speech to Parliament Emperor James laments his nations decision but firmly stands behind the parliament and armed forces in this matter. Ties with France are further strengthen by the combined effort. The Emperor plans a visit to the Prime Minister of Mexaca to discuss the future between the nations. Troops are sent to help fight the Spanish off.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand the navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Dominion of Arcadia: Continues to expand 1000 sq km west and south. A large influx of settlers arrive from Eire. The new realignment of the two colonial holdings of L'nu and New Dublin see a massive increase of settlers as the new dominion governor enacts more reforms targeted toward economy and finance.
    • New Cambridgeshire: New Cambridgeshire expands by 1000 sq km west. Colonists begin to explore around the region and begin to have a large fishing boom. The Port of New Oxford is expanded to handle excess ships from Britannia and other European nations. A large influx of settlers arrive from Britannia, fueled by the fears and rumours of war. Due to the recent influx of furs, the local population booms. Shipping also booms as many new merchant vessels are constructed to meet demand. The Borealian colonies all expand inland 1000 sq km.
    • Colony of New Guerney: A flood of immigrants arrives at Port William on the island of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola) as the colony continues to experience an unprecedented influx of colonists. The colony expands 1000 sq km inland. Several new industries emerge as an increased demand for merchant marine ships rises. The Royal Navy attempts to gain a handle on the piracy situation. However, several small port towns of grown to harbour pirates due to the influx of money.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Crown Colony Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Colony of Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Britannia a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
  • Lombardy: We continue rebuilding the nation after the recent war with Spain.The military is reformed from the foundation of units formed during the war, and trained to adequately defend the nation. This turn is officially dedicated to economy or military. We continue influencing Switzerland.

1753

Vorlayacor accepts the Andean offer and joins the UHB.

As the Romans launch a military campaign against the Serbians, the Serbians instead vote against reforming the injustices they have suffered and instead seek total independence from Roman authority.

Several local revolts occur in the newly-acquired Dutch and British colonies in southern Hesperia. The citizens use guerrilla tactics to fend off the larger European forces sent to quell them.

Little Retcon: Due to plausibility reasons, the revolt that happened in Belarus loses the popular revolt bonus and thus Pskov holds onto it (will be readded on next map) -Sky

  • Empire of Japan: The military/economy is built up. Horiyōshi Yokohama III, late one night, decides to engage in intercourse with one of his courtwomen. However, getting overly exited and aroused, he suffers a heart attack from exhaustion. His son, Yamamota Yokohama IV, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarchs rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised apon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. After exploring north for a couple years to find alternate trade different from Hispania, Japanese and Ainu merchants make first contact with the Kiamukut Band on the Alaskan coast. The merchants did not understand the Inuits well, but they were escorted by fishers to the Grand Chief. As a sign if friendship between them, the merchants offer many gifts to him, being given Inuit food, cloth, shelter, and warmth in return. Because of this, troops are sent into the war against the Ming. A few Japanese settlers, looking to become the first contenders in the Alaskan trade, travel north to establish a colony on OTL St Lawrence Island. Ainu is annexed into Japan, in which a feast is held for both of the leaders of the two nations. However, Yamamoto Yokohama IV, afraid of losing trading rights in Kiatumgutai, sends a diplomat to the Tartary asking for trading rights in where they have settled. Meanwhile, Yamamoto Yokohama IV adopts a 12 year old Manchu boy, to show the people how much he cares about his empire. Vassalation of the Kiamikgut Band is halted due to the war with Hispania. With Vietnam revolting with more than anticipated power and as a sudden surprise, Emperor Yamamoto Yokohama IV orders a fiat to his military advisors, telling all troops to withdraw from Vietnam and to go to Biak, where they will be reasigned to a different location within the next year. All Shinto Vietnamese people's are offered to come to Japan and its empire, as long as they take a quiz on the basic faith of Shinto. After a long talk between the Manchu Rebels and their leader, Japan and Manchuria decide to part ways, seeing that the Great Manchu Empire hasn't been profiting for the empire as much as it used to.
    • Japanese Manchuria (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 9 larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs. As the economy begins to drop with fewer Chinese and Spanish merchants coming in Yamamoto Yokohama IV asks the Chinese Warlord states X and Y to defend China in the case of any non-local emerging power rises in the area. To spice up the deal, Japan-Manchuria offers 70 lbs of Silver to every state that joins, with economic bonuses coming long term.
    • Formosa (Vassal of Japan): The military/economy is built up. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Shanghai until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Qingdao until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Heinan until 1775, mostly because of the huge armies coming into Heinan, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island.
    • Kiatumgutai: As the new Alaskan market opens up, about eight more people flock to the area to try to make money in the area. The colony expands by 5 px.
  • Lombardy: We continue rebuilding the nation after the recent war with Spain.The military is reformed from the foundation of units formed during the war, and trained to adequately defend the nation. This turn is officially dedicated to economy or military. We continue influencing Switzerland.
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku  succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. Independence was declared from the Empire of Japan. As this happened, an end to the forceful spread of Shinto was declared and all those that refused to reconvert from Shinto were executed. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Lanzhou: With the conquest of Lanzhou, a local leadership is set up. The people are treated with mercy, and all the positions that were held prior to the war would still be held. With the exception of nobles and the royal family, which, however, were to be replaced. Much more modern weaponry was flowed into Lanzhou and a militia consisting of 5000 men was established to look after the state security. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. [Mil/Eco Turn]
  • The Kingdom of Navarre works tirelessly under the leadership of King Erramun to establish the economy as something of a fusion between the latest farming practices and newest industrial developments. This process involves producing just enough food to maintain a self-sufficient consumption-based economy where excess industrial goods can then be traded for a major profit. This drives investment into Navarre. More to come.
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program of the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each.
  • Nubia: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Our military continues to expand 100 px southwest. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. Now that Nubia is unified, we continue to centralize the nation. Due to revolts continuing to happen in Yemen, we continue to watch who comes into our nation carefully.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus resume production of Ukrainian Horilka which brings considerable profit to the Kievan Rus.
    • you lost the battle for belarus. Only three revolts succeeded.
    • It's you who lost, it's just that you are in denial.
    • Belarus was retconned, sorry about that, plausibility demanded it. -Sky
    • Well, fuck.
  • New Austria (Colony of Bavaria): The economy and military improve. The mountainside cities, especially New Vienna, expand rapidly, with new businesses for refining and manufacturing appearing routinely. A professional army is continually trained at the University of New Vienna, while its constructed. The forts are also expanded, and new artillery are manufactured. A fleet of merchant ships are constructed, along with a couple of caravels and frigates. Relations between Hispanics and Germans improve as intercity trade develops, and the elementary schools encourage children to learn both Spanish and German. Diplomats are sent to the french colonies, establishing mutual trade relations and asking the 40th Parallel to be recognized as our border. Traders begin to travel down the Tancha River (OTL Eel River), and into the French colonies. In the north, the colony expands northeast 800 miles along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River), as far as Lake Frances (OTL Lake Louise). A trading post, called Santiago, is established near this lake.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. small contigent of ten ships are sent at the nehilaw with and army of 10,000 soldiers to defend the area. we deny the New austrian colonial offer as the 40th parallel is farther south than the current border, and considere that accepting it would be opening a claim on French legitimate territory
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. 
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. 
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people. 
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. 
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia. 
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig asks a diplomatic meeting with Pskov, Croatia and Poland's leadership within the city.
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. 
    • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1753, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Frances I, aged 52, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In political news, Frances I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia and Würzburg, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. In parliamentary news, Frances promises the creation of a large Bavaro-Austrian parliament in return for Austrian help in expeditions to Negara Dipa after 1740. A commission of Austrians in Landshut agree to the deal. In other news, Ferdinand von Ingschaft becomes a prominent politician following his success in the Civil War. In demographic news, Frances I issues a 1735 census to be taken. The census is completed in 1736, and reveals that in all Bavarian realms, there are 16,000,000 people. In more depth, 8,500,000 live in Bavaria, 4,750,000 in Austria, 1,500,000 in Brandenburg, 1,000,000 in Pomerania, 75,000 in Bremen Port, and 175,000 in Lubeck. This is a near doubling in population since 1659, itself signalling postive population growth, and a population which maintains health into old age. The Queen's children are: Franz-Hector (born 1732), Joan (born 1735), and Anne (born 1741, married to Wolfgang von Habsburg in 1751). The Queen's siblings are: former King Albert V (born 1694, died 1742), and Friedrich-Rudolf (born 1704). The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Prince Friedrich-Rudolf is married to Princess Mari of Brittany. Concerning Venezia, Queen Frances and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In economic news, the economy is in tatters after the war. While nowhere near the level of destruction as faced by the Spanish economy, the Bavarian economy is still majorly shaken after the war. Trade dips in 1750 and a long recession begins as inflation rises and poverty increases. In other news, Austrian continue congregating in the Deutsche Diet, arousing the suspicion of their Bavarian counterparts. Their meetings are in secret, and the more extreme Bavarian parliamentarians accuse them of treason and plotting to overthrow the government. Regardless of parliamentary strife and polarization, the meetings continue to occur. Frederick von Croÿ and Maria-Amalia von Habsburg marry, with both adopting the new name of Croÿ-Habsburg. Their ceremony takes place in Augsburg, and news of the match reaches Trausnitz in early May. Initially, Queen Frances I pays little attention to it, seeing Croÿ as an ambitious politician rather than a legitimate threat to the throne. However, Felix Manzkari soon alerts the Queen of Croÿ's true nature. After travelling to Trausnitz from Augsburg, Manzkari accuses Croÿ of treason, and explains to the Queen what was originally written on the petition to Westphalia, especially concerning Croÿ's promise to the Habsburg King that he will overthrow the Wittelsbach monarchy and install himself and Maria-Amalia on the throne. Frances I is greatly angered at this news, and within a day after hearing the news and being sure that Manzkari, who is an anti-Bavarian politician, is being genuine, declares Frederick von Croÿ a traitor. She places a bounty on his head, and as Supreme Chancellor, expels him from the Diet. Felix Manzkari similarly denounces him, stating that the desire for a strong, unified Austria does not include treasonous ability. The majority of Austrian parliamentarians join Manzkari in his attitude, while some are secretly sympathetic to Croÿ's actions. After hearing of his bounty, Frederick von Croÿ and Maria-Amalia are forced to flee Augsburg and find safe passage into Westphalia. Luckily, they escape apprehension and settle down in Westphalia by mid-June. The scandal then seemingly fades away after the Westphalian King refuses to support Croÿ, who he sees as a wasted opportunity due to his flight from Augsburg. With Westphalia posing no threat, the Queen ignores the issue. In Austrian news, with the economy remaining volatile,  the Croÿ crisis encourages extremist pro-Austrians and the call for the Austrian annexation of Tyrol, Salzburg, and Venezia continues to grow louder. More demonstrations occur in 1753 alone then in the past twenty-five years. Violence becomes a problem as well as numerous peasant and commoner mobs frequently engage Bavarian police and guardsmen. The Deutsche Diet authorize the deployment of 2,500 troops in November to enter Vienna and attempt to quell the sitation.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. 
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 251 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue being constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria. Frances of Bavaria continues to give support to Austrian parliamentarians. Ferdinand von Ingschaft, in an address to the Curia Austria, petitions Frances I to create a dual Bavaro-Austrian parliament. 
    • Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Felix Manzkari continues supporting of Austrian annexation of Tyrol and Venezia. The Diet observes the unrest brewing in Austria, but no parliamentarian suggests anything that could agitate the situation further. Manzkari, on the other hand, allies himself with the factions that support Austrian annexation of the newly conquered realms.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed. 
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. 
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. In 1730, Frances is declared Queen of Austria. In other news, anti-Bavarian sentiment rises as more and more Austrians call for the annexation of Tyrol and Venezia.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Frances is declared as Queen of Venezia in 1750. In following the example of her grandfather King Leopold II, Queen Frances initiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. Frances I also launches a propaganda campaign in Venice. Her ministers in Venice villify decades of Spanish hegemony, and depict the efforts of Hispanicization in Italy as akin to genocide and the forced destruction of the Italian peoples. Furthermore, in an effort to lower anti-Bavarian sentiment in Venice, royal ministers depict the Bavarians as a benevolent aide, while the Croatians are displayed as marauding bandits and murderers who are responsible for the destruction the city is facing. These tactics, aiming to condemn the Spanish and elevate the Bavarians and Italians, is somewhat effective. Most living in the region care little of the causation of their misery, and only that it dissipates quickly. Seeing this development, the Deutsche Diet agree to pay for 40% of all expenses in Venezia, and lower the taxes in Venezia by a substantial amount. This tactic brings a much more welcome response. In military news, 4,500 Bavarian and Austrian troops are left stationed in Venezia in case any violent uprising occurs.
    • Duchy of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Duke Edmund I, aged 50, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Edmund I's children are: Edmund (born 1718), Eleanor (born 1722), Albert-Maria (born 1722), Johann (born 1728) Klara (born 1733), and Johanna-Klarice (born 1736). Prince Edmund is married to Baroness Claramond von Augustin.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Hector I, aged 21, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary. 
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • New Austria: The colony of Nei Österreich is established in 1750. The colony stretches from the borders of New Bavaria in the north, to the new French colonies in the south. Most of Nei Österreich is composed of primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanic colonists. Colonists from Nei Baiern are encouraged to settle in Nei Österreich. 
    • New Swabia: The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself. 
  • Demak Sultanate: Sultan Adi leads the people in centralizing and becoming more Sunni Muslim. We reaffirm our alliances with the United Islamic Nations promising full support in return of full support. We continue trading heavily with the Suri Empire and Urdustan. The land given to the Suri Empire is openly bordered now, allowing people to move in and out of the border lines freely. We spread Islam throughout the Indonesian islands. Our military and navy is expanded as we receive economic support from Suri Empire. Our population increases. We reaffirm our alliance with the Dutch. We reaffirm their claims to Brunei and Pagabar. Trade is emphasized within the realm, as well as maintaining our massive navy. We start to recover from the war, even though we barely participated. We start to aid our UIN allies against the Yemeni threat.
  • Sichuan: Warlord Yin Wulong plans to leave are delayed by unknown circumstances, and still cannot leave Japan. He decides to send another messenger to the Emperor, asking for a meeting, though he is still peeved by the initial lack of response. Meanwhile, the Regent continues to sit back and see the Japanese response to Manchuria's declaration of independence. While he waits, he decides to post minor squads of infantry on Sichuan's border with Manchuria, though he doubts they will be needed.
    • Japan Diplomacy: Emperor Yamamtoto Yokohama IV is deeply sorry that he didn't hear the call in time, as he is busy dealing with many foreign issues at the moment. After disscussion, he offers Yin Wuling $225,000 worth in gold.
    • Sichuan Diplomacy: Warlord Yin Wulong accepts the apology and the gold, as well as offering gifts of jade and silk to the Emperor. He also asks for the hand of the Emperor's daughter, Yimishi Yokohama I, in marriage. He feels that marriage between him and the Emperor's daughter would serve to strengthen the alliance between Japan and Sichuan.
    • Japan Diplomacy: After consulting with his advisors, Yamamoto Yokohama IV agrees to have Warlord Yin Wulong marry his daughter Wimishi Yokohama I, to him.
    • Sichuan Diplomacy: Warlord Yin Wulong is pleased that he will soon have wife, and decides that the marriage should be held next year. The Warlord immediately leaves for Sichuan, planning to arrive early next year, hoping to have his marriage prior to the end of next year.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon, and Mexaco are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. The offer of the Mansuryan Sultanate is accepted. 
      • Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. 
      • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km. 
      • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia. 
      • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals. 
      • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself. 
      • Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once cooperated with the Romans in ages past, is chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, is coronated as the King of Italy. All properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. By the end of the first year, most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power.
  • Andean Monarchy: With the end of the War and the expansion of the Inca, the Peruvian Confederation, under the French, reforms into the Andean Monarchy. Tawantinsuyu remains the head nation in the Monarchy, and is the most populous at nine million people. It also houses the largest City: Cuzco, which has roughly 170,000 people. Military, economy and navy improve. Huascar II dies, and his son, Apeac III takes the throne. Apeac currently has 1 child, Cava (16).
    • Empire du Chimor: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly four million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Empire du Chiribaya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly three million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Empire du Collaquyimbya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 300,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Viceroyalty of Chile: Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under one million, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region.
    • Domain of Tiwanaku:  Formally a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 100,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region, though French and Inca cultures also grow.
  • County of Oldenburg: Whilst the boost from colonial exports does help the economy a little bit, it remains overall pretty poor. This continuing state of affairs is not conducive to a particularly happy country, and many poor and many of the lower merchant classes grow more dissatisfied, and call on the government to make good on its promise to initiate electoral reform after the end of the war. Emigration to Neu Norderney and to Thabascho continues. 
  • In Aragon, the new nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and fresh construction of buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries sail across the Mediterranean seeking to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. The construction of new ships and the purchase of foreign weaponry continues. The government issues bonds to help stabilize the federal economy. Meanwhile, the new Assembly seeks to formally establish relations with BavariaWestphalia-Netherlands, and Britannia independent of the Treaty of Toledo.

1754

A fair warning to people playing the game, if revolts are not dealt with, then they will either grow in magnitude and severity or accomplish their stated objective. This applies to mods and players alike.

Unable to defeat the Romans militarily, the Serbians reach out to the Vlachians and Croatians, begging them to come to their rescue.

With at least one year of inaction, the German revolt in Rhineland grows and marches south.

Congo completes its break from the Dutch Empire and begins to chart its own foreign policy.

The Federal Republic of Eesti, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania and the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig all revolt. Led by the nobility which wishes to reestablish the old ways, they prepare to force Pskov into giving up the democratic system. (not popular, 10 mil, 10 eco, 3 Infra each; undoubled)

I see no reason why those notions are incompatible. Lithuania believes its the succesor to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Pskov believes itself to be the succesor to Kievan Rus', Prussia-Danzig believes itself to be the succesor of Prussia. Even Eesti and Latvia think themselves the mutual succesors to Livonia. The only exception really is Belarus because it was created. Furthermore there is a Grand Senate where they can state their grievances. nowhere else was it mentioned that these nations were unsatisfied, and the Grand Senate is where these grievances would first appear(the upper house being the "council of Nations" and has 20 members for each state, the lower house the "General Assembly" with 500 members rep-by-pop)
Also, the way the election system works, all they need to do if they're unhappy is wait until next year and then kick the Supreme Prince out of office.
Even the mod events dealing with the Serbian revolt were not as spontaneous as this one. There were many events, over many years, building up tension. 
It was put on the mod page, I hadn't seen any objectiona there, as for the other nations, it is a bit different. They literally ARE the successor states, while Pskov is one of many. By claiming that that Pskov is the only true successor you are putting yourself up as a threat. As you can see this is a regular revolt meaning it cam be led by nobility. Consider this a revolt caused by being overly liberal. -Sky
It was also brought to my attension that the communication between moderators is dismal, despite having a mod page. Well even in that case the first signs of discontent would still be felt in the Grand Senate and in the National Parliaments. "After a few years of being unsatisfied"...it honestly is news to me. the only one I can see being upset is belarus, but the first solutions would still be diplomatic, not military(and then the probable answer would be: fine, we'll share the credit, only nations in the union can be considered true successors). because we all share a head of state, and he was up for reaffirmal next year in any case. The Russian federation is one of "many" successor states to the USSR, however only it claims to be the true successor, and people accept it because it is the most powerful and largest one of those 15 republics. And the actual claim was that when Muscovy failed to annex Pskov it passed the mantle of succesor to kievan rus'(it itself having inherited it from Vladimir, who inherited it from Kiev). The Nations in my group would support my claim, because we are all allies and friendly, etc ... and Moscow is basically a backwater. It is a new notion used to try to sway immigrants to come to Pskov from other nations in the wake of Kievan nationalism, this would only "paint me as a target" in Moscow and perhaps Kiev (now the only other two nations claiming that same mantle). There was no tension, there was no cause, there were no signs. People don't just decide spontaneously to rage against the machine. There are reasons, and for this there are none. 
I disagree. Also, they're not necessarily revolting for the sake to break off. I think you're missing the point of the revolt. This isn't a revolt to liberate themselves from you, it's a revolt to make them equal, if not superior through you by re-establishing a non-democratic type of government. I'm sorry for not stating that more bluntly, I realize that was the main mistake I had made. -Sky
P.S. I removed the successor state thing since it really isn't that important in a noble revolt. -Sky

More revolts pepper the Dutch-British border in Hesperia. The local Spanish population becomes more organized.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. In Australia, new Mecklenburg expands by 750 px. Trade with the Hawaiian natives continues. Meanwhile, control over the trading town of Sophiastadt in the New Rugia islands is transferred to the Hamburgian government. In the interest of simplicity, the governor of New Mecklenburg is appointed to be the Governor of Sophiastadt. In other news, interest is taken in the rebellion in Pskov, particularly Prussia, a german state. Some in the High Council advocate support for the rebels, but a narrow majority, as well as the Duke himself, reject the notion of war, especially in they aftermath of the Spanish war. However, they also realize they cannot stop volunteers from crossing to prussia, as several hundred do.
  • Empire of Japan: The military/economy is built up. Horiyōshi Yokohama III, late one night, decides to engage in intercourse with one of his courtwomen. However, getting overly exited and aroused, he suffers a heart attack from exhaustion. His son, Yamamota Yokohama IV, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarchs rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised apon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. After exploring north for a couple years to find alternate trade different from Hispania, Japanese and Ainu merchants make first contact with the Kiamukut Band on the Alaskan coast. The merchants did not understand the Inuits well, but they were escorted by fishers to the Grand Chief. As a sign if friendship between them, the merchants offer many gifts to him, being given Inuit food, cloth, shelter, and warmth in return. Because of this, troops are sent into the war against the Ming. A few Japanese settlers, looking to become the first contenders in the Alaskan trade, travel north to establish a colony on OTL St Lawrence Island. Ainu is annexed into Japan, in which a feast is held for both of the leaders of the two nations. However, Yamamoto Yokohama IV, afraid of losing trading rights in Kiatumgutai, sends a diplomat to the Tartary asking for trading rights in where they have settled. Meanwhile, Yamamoto Yokohama IV adopts a 12 year old Manchu boy, to show the people how much he cares about his empire. Vassalation of the Kiamikgut Band is halted due to the war with Hispania. With Vietnam revolting with more than anticipated power and as a sudden surprise, Emperor Yamamoto Yokohama IV orders a fiat to his military advisors, telling all troops to withdraw from Vietnam and to go to Biak, where they will be reasigned to a different location within the next year. All Shinto Vietnamese people's are offered to come to Japan and its empire, as long as they take a quiz on the basic faith of Shinto. After a long talk between the Manchu Rebels and their leader, Japan and Manchuria decide to part ways, seeing that the Great Manchu Empire hasn't been profiting for the empire as much as it used to. Seeing that almost all of the military is in Heinan, close to the Yue, an Invasion of the rest of the island and of OTL Hong Kong and Macau is taken, to rid of all Spanish people's and to establish more trade with the Wu in the South China Sea. (Can someone do the algo please? I am busy Irl atm.)
    • Japanese Manchuria (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 9 larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs. As the economy begins to drop with fewer Chinese and Spanish merchants coming in Yamamoto Yokohama IV asks the Chinese Warlord states X and Y to defend China in the case of any non-local emerging power rises in the area. To spice up the deal, Japan-Manchuria offers 70 lbs of Silver to every state that joins, with economic bonuses coming long term.
    • Formosa (Vassal of Japan): The military/economy is built up. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Shanghai until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Qingdao until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Heinan until 1775, mostly because of the huge armies coming into Heinan, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island.
    • Kiatumgutai: As the new Alaskan market opens up, about eight more people flock to the area to try to make money in the area. The colony expands by 5 px.
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku  succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. Independence was declared from the Empire of Japan. As this happened, an end to the forceful spread of Shinto was declared and all those that refused to reconvert from Shinto were executed. Meanwhile, in a showcase of power; Emperor Shinji Hiraku declared war upon the Uighur Khanate and sent seige weapons. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Lanzhou: With the conquest of Lanzhou, a local leadership is set up. The people are treated with mercy, and all the positions that were held prior to the war would still be held. With the exception of nobles and the royal family, which, however, were to be replaced. Much more modern weaponry was flowed into Lanzhou and a militia consisting of 5000 men was established to look after the state security. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. [Mil/Eco Turn]
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program of the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each.
  • Nubia: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Our military continues to expand 100 px southwest. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. Now that Nubia is unified, we continue to centralize the nation. Due to revolts continuing to happen in Yemen, we continue to watch who comes into our nation carefully.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • New Austria (Colony of Bavaria): The economy and military improve. The mountainside cities, especially New Vienna, expand rapidly, with new businesses for refining and manufacturing appearing routinely. A professional army is continually trained at the University of New Vienna, while its constructed. The forts are also expanded, and new artillery are manufactured. A fleet of merchant ships are constructed, along with a couple of caravels and frigates. Relations between Hispanics and Germans improve as intercity trade develops, and the elementary schools encourage children to learn both Spanish and German. Diplomats are sent to the french colonies, establishing mutual trade relations and asking the 40th Parallel to be recognized as our border. Traders begin to travel down the Tancha River (OTL Eel River), and into the French colonies. In the north, the colony expands northeast 800 miles along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River), as far as Lake Frances (OTL Lake Louise). A trading post, called Santiago, is established near this lake.
  • Andean Monarchy: With the end of the War and the expansion of the Inca, the Peruvian Confederation, under the French, reforms into the Andean Monarchy. Tawantinsuyu remains the head nation in the Monarchy, and is the most populous at nine million people. It also houses the largest City: Cuzco, which has roughly 170,000 people. Military, economy and navy improve. Huascar II dies, and his son, Apeac III takes the throne. Apeac currently has 1 child, Cava (19).
    • Empire du Chimor: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly four million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Empire du Chiribaya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chiribaya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly three million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Empire du Collaquyimbya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Collaquyimbya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 400,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Viceroyalty of Chile: Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population over 1 million, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region.
    • Domain of Tiwanaku:  Formally a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 150,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region, though French and Inca cultures also grow.
  • The Nehilaw continue to modernize and advance their interests, as do all vassals. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casino, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy and military of Scandinavia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Scandinavia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Scandinavian iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Bavaria, Pskov, the Roman Empire, Britannia, the Nehilaw and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian courts. The ports in Iceland are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach nine million by 1740. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. Homelessness in urban areas and overcrowding is becoming a massive problem, especially in Copenhagen. To accommodate, people are encouraged to travel to the New World. In political news, the House of Bjelbo-Griffins continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia reaps the benefits of the war in Spain, dominating the world market.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 1000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. An outpost on Greenland is built.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expands. 
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life
  • Netherlands: Now in personal union with Westphalia, the king and queen vow to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General led by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands led by the university of Brussels, Frankfurt, and other institutions. Recent innovations and discoveries in the field of biology and microbiology, in addition to work done in Pskov and other nations, greatly increases investment and understanding in these fields. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. This turn in all Dutch possessions and territories is dedicated to military expansion.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Westphalia: This turn is officially dedicated to military expansion in Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg. Hesse, Jülich, Köln, Lippe, Mainz, Paderborn, Pfalz, Berg, Brunswick-Göttingen, Westfalen, and our remaining vassals, this turn is dedicated to military expansion. Our territories are reorganized, with Frankfurt, Nassau, and Luxembourg remaining personal union with the Kingdom of Westphalia, and in turn the Netherlands, while our remaining territories are designated vassals. Our forces begin training using experience from recent wars, and ships are built in allied ports. Our colonies continue to be supplied through allied territory, although growth is slow. Trade increases with the nations of Oldenburg, Hamburg, and the Netherlands. Trade with our colonies and allies continues. Now that the entirety of the Westphalia region is united, including Frankfurt and Luxembourg, work begins on improving infrastructure between nations. The seed drill, previously invented by Johann Tserclaes, begins to become common place across the nation, greatly increasing the productivity of our agricultural sectors. The surplus in crops allows our nation to experience a large population increase, which continues from the previous year at a steady rate. Seeing the need for increased production of clothing and other cotton related products, the nation begins investing in the domestic woolen industry, since the nation lacks a major partner in India or elsewhere for importing of woolen goods. A heavy fabric cloth known as fustian becomes popular, made from flax warp and cotton weft. Although not as soft as cotton, and more difficult to sow, this fabric is much stronger.
  • Wu: The economy slowly expanding, military has about 250 men in training. We build defensive fortifications to defense ourselves from other enemies. We declare a war upon Yue and send 200,000 troops to attack them.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kieven Rus begins expanding the military to defend themselves against the violence in neighboring Pskov.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.The king is outrage, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal!,In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400.000 hundred troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.  The loyalist declares war to the Rhenish rioters.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.  The kingdom declares war to the Rhenish rioters.
    • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig asks a diplomatic meeting with Pskov, Croatia and Poland's leadership within the city.
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War
    • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The adminisstrative reform continues. The Croat government agrees to aid the Serbs and sends troops and supplies.
    • Polish Voivodeship (Poljsko Vojvodstvo): The Polish Voivodeship grows relatively independently, although a part of the personal union, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Voivode is elected by it while the Archvoivode only confirms him. The issue within Poland are attempted to be handled, and for now things are peaceful again, although some nobles still seem to be plotting something.
    • Czech Voivodeship (Češko Vojvodstvo): The Voivodeship recovers from the Idiocracy's rule and many nobles gain more power in the nation.
    • Silesian Voivodeship (Šlezijsko Vojvodstvo): The Voivodeship's natural resources are highly sought in the rest of the nations with which is connected, which leads to economic growth. The Silesian cultural movement flourishes with aid of the Croats, who aim to make Silesia a region independent from both Poland and the Czechia.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1754, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Frances I, aged 53, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In political news, Frances I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia and Würzburg, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. In parliamentary news, Frances promises the creation of a large Bavaro-Austrian parliament in return for Austrian help in expeditions to Negara Dipa after 1740. A commission of Austrians in Landshut agree to the deal. In other news, Ferdinand von Ingschaft becomes a prominent politician following his success in the Civil War. In demographic news, Frances I issues a 1735 census to be taken. The census is completed in 1736, and reveals that in all Bavarian realms, there are 16,000,000 people. In more depth, 8,500,000 live in Bavaria, 4,750,000 in Austria, 1,500,000 in Brandenburg, 1,000,000 in Pomerania, 75,000 in Bremen Port, and 175,000 in Lubeck. This is a near doubling in population since 1659, itself signalling postive population growth, and a population which maintains health into old age. The Queen's children are: Franz-Hector (born 1732), Joan (born 1735), and Anne (born 1741, married to Wolfgang von Habsburg in 1751). The Queen's siblings are: former King Albert V (born 1694, died 1742), and Friedrich-Rudolf (born 1704). The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Prince Friedrich-Rudolf is married to Princess Mari of Brittany. Concerning Venezia, Queen Frances and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In economic news, the economy is in tatters after the war. While nowhere near the level of destruction as faced by the Spanish economy, the Bavarian economy is still majorly shaken after the war. Trade dips in 1750 and a long recession begins as inflation rises and poverty increases. In other news, Austrian continue congregating in the Deutsche Diet, arousing the suspicion of their Bavarian counterparts. Their meetings are in secret, and the more extreme Bavarian parliamentarians accuse them of treason and plotting to overthrow the government. Regardless of parliamentary strife and polarization, the meetings continue to occur. Bavarian fugititives Frederick and Maria-Amalia von Croÿ-Habsburg continue to seek safe-haven in Westphalia. In Austrian news, with the economy remaining volatile,  the Croÿ crisis encourages extremist pro-Austrians and the call for the Austrian annexation of Tyrol, Salzburg, and Venezia continues to grow louder. More demonstrations occur in 1753 alone then in the past twenty-five years. Violence becomes a problem as well as numerous peasant and commoner mobs frequently engage Bavarian police and guardsmen. The Deutsche Diet authorize the deployment of 2,500 troops in November to enter Vienna and attempt to quell the sitation. The deployment only agitates the mobs and leads to greater unrest and instability. The Diet holds back on sending any more troops to Venezia or Vienna. Austrian parliamentarians become more extreme than before. Felix Manzkari, once the leader of the pro-Austrian faction, is now regarded as a light-weight, Bavarian puppet for his accusations against Frederick von Croÿ.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. 
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 251 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue being constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria. Frances of Bavaria continues to give support to Austrian parliamentarians. Ferdinand von Ingschaft, in an address to the Curia Austria, petitions Frances I to create a dual Bavaro-Austrian parliament. 
    • Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Felix Manzkari continues supporting of Austrian annexation of Tyrol and Venezia. The Diet observes the unrest brewing in Austria, but no parliamentarian suggests anything that could agitate the situation further. Manzkari, on the other hand, allies himself with the factions that support Austrian annexation of the newly conquered realms.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed. 
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. 
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. In 1730, Frances is declared Queen of Austria. In other news, anti-Bavarian sentiment rises as more and more Austrians call for the annexation of Tyrol and Venezia.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Frances is declared as Queen of Venezia in 1750. In following the example of her grandfather King Leopold II, Queen Frances initiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. Frances I also launches a propaganda campaign in Venice. Her ministers in Venice villify decades of Spanish hegemony, and depict the efforts of Hispanicization in Italy as akin to genocide and the forced destruction of the Italian peoples. Furthermore, in an effort to lower anti-Bavarian sentiment in Venice, royal ministers depict the Bavarians as a benevolent aide, while the Croatians are displayed as marauding bandits and murderers who are responsible for the destruction the city is facing. These tactics, aiming to condemn the Spanish and elevate the Bavarians and Italians, is somewhat effective. Most living in the region care little of the causation of their misery, and only that it dissipates quickly. Seeing this development, the Deutsche Diet agree to pay for 40% of all expenses in Venezia, and lower the taxes in Venezia by a substantial amount. This tactic brings a much more welcome response. In military news, 4,500 Bavarian and Austrian troops are left stationed in Venezia in case any violent uprising occurs.
    • Duchy of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Duke Edmund I, aged 51, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Edmund I's children are: Edmund (born 1718), Eleanor (born 1722), Albert-Maria (born 1722), Johann (born 1728) Klara (born 1733), and Johanna-Klarice (born 1736). Prince Edmund is married to Baroness Claramond von Augustin.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Hector I, aged 22, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary.  Franz-Hector marries Matilde DuBarry in 1754.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • New Austria: The colony of Nei Österreich is established in 1750. The colony stretches from the borders of New Bavaria in the north, to the new French colonies in the south. Most of Nei Österreich is composed of primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanic colonists. Colonists from Nei Baiern are encouraged to settle in Nei Österreich. 
    • New Swabia: The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself. 
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. The recent rising tensions between the old establishment and the newer governments have become an increasing issue, and one many want to keep the peace. Amongst these arguments, Supreme Prince Zaytsev comes out and makes a speech, stressing that "A House divided against itself cannot stand", and that all parties should do whatever is possible to avoid bloodshed, and re-iterates that while he may not completely agree with positions, he welcomes discussion as a "hallmark of the system", and that the "actions taken are not treason until the first shots are fired". THe issues surrounding the old nobility are hevily discussied in both the Grand Senate and the national parliaments. the Pskovians are vehimently stating that they, themselves, will not change their government, however may be willing to grant some concessions, because that is how real governing works. There is much stress on how to deal with this, but one of the most popular is to create a bicameral system, and the creation of a "house of lords" so to speak, giving them the power they so crave, and perhaps restoring (titular if not actual) noble titles such as Graf, Boyar, Baron, Herzog, etc... talks are scheduled with opposition and leaders of naitonal factions advocating for a restoration in powers and titles of certain groups. They are opposed by other factions led mostly by peeople, who say that law is sacred, and that each human is equal. Either way, it looks as though there will be no outcome that both sides may agree to, but as talks progress, many want to if a concensus can eb reached, and what concessions each side is willing to give. Civil war will most likely end in much bloodshed, and the fact that certain groups are willing to fight show just how much death can come. Most agree that war would cripple any nation that emerges from it, and as the year winds to a close, in keeping with the discussive culture of the Union, many feel more confident that a diplomatic solution can be reached. Both sides have made it clear that all terms will not be accepted, and not it is time to see if any concensus can be reached. However while this may lead to a loss in popular support (and therefore support in next year's electoral council), Supreme Prince Zaytsev is willing to give up everything to see the union live on, and war averted. in support of unity, the new veche passes legislation that only the union of konigsberg flag may be flown in pskov while talks are held, with the exception of ports and the Princely residence, where the Supreme Princely Standard will wave.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Narvans, having fought a civil war in the 1640s to get rid of most if not all nobility/royalty in their territory, whiie the republic of Taalinn is much more sympathetic to their cause. talks between political leaders begin near the end of the year, as some tension is dissipated due to the conciliatory attitude of Prince Zaytsev. 
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Some Latvians volunteer for the war in Hispania.Latvia mobilizes its military in support of the Union upon the behest of Pskov. Nobility problems, tension, send political and noble leaders to talks etc etc etc...
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to state so. As such, many wish 
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care for the fate of the "lesser" nobility). Nikolaus Hohenzollern does his things and whatnot as governor. the Hohenzollerns take advantage to rile support for the old system. Enough time has passed for people to grow rather cynical, and thus some support for a return to at least partial aristocracy has become to increase. political leaders come to pskov to discuss things as tensions decrease due to Conciliatory attitudes.
    • The Belarussian Military is improved as the Road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of marshal law, the Marshal law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarussia sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. 
  • County of Oldenburg: The economy is still sluggish in mainland Oldenburg, but a bit better in the two main colonies, and many emigrate to them hoping for better prospects. In response to mounting public pressure, the Regency Council orders a commission be created to look into ways of making the Landtag more representative. Neu Norderney expands 2000 px North up the Labrador coast. 
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon, and Mexaco are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. The offer of the Mansuryan Sultanate is accepted. 
    • Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. 
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km. 
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia. 
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals. 
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself. 
    • Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once cooperated with the Romans in ages past, is chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, is coronated as the King of Italy. All properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. By the end of the first year, most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power.
  • In Aragon, the new nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and fresh construction of buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries sail across the Mediterranean seeking to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. The construction of new ships and the purchase of foreign weaponry continues. The government issues bonds to help stabilize the federal economy. Meanwhile, the new Assembly seeks to formally establish relations with BavariaWestphalia-Netherlands, and Britannia independent of the Treaty of Toledo.
  • Lombardy: We continue rebuilding the nation after the recent war with Spain.The military is reformed from the foundation of units formed during the war, and trained to adequately defend the nation. This turn is officially dedicated to economy or military. We continue influencing Switzerland.
  • Tartary: The nation experiences a brief increase in Siberian expansion this year, led by the agricultural peoples of the Volga or the emigrant Turks, as well as a wave of Sakha and Ket expansion along the main rivers. Much of the northern half of the Yenisey and Lena rivers is already in Tatar hands, while the Ob is entirely under control of the Emperor. We continue exploring and expanding east. The military also begins to be modernised. This turn is dedicated to economic expansion.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to economy. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St. Patriksburg is expanded, with a large kremlin and port being constructed.

1755

With Pskov proposing a solution, the revolters decide to accept a bicameral solution, however, the following terms must also be met; The House of Lords will be able to veto decisions if a over a half of them agree on it. Moreover, the House of Lords will choose the Supreme Maior Domus, who will serve as the Supreme Prince's advisor. Furthermore, the members of the House of Lords will be able to have serfs on their estate and the feudal system shall be considered valid by the Union of Königsberg. Last but not least, in order to make a serf a free man, the Pskov government will take it out of its own treasury (i.e. not a shared one) and pay the noble on whose estate the serf and his immediate family lived on 1000-3000 Zolotniks, depending on the size of the family.

  • Empire of Japan: The military/economy is built up. Horiyōshi Yokohama III, late one night, decides to engage in intercourse with one of his courtwomen. However, getting overly exited and aroused, he suffers a heart attack from exhaustion. His son, Yamamota Yokohama IV, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarchs rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised apon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. After exploring north for a couple years to find alternate trade different from Hispania, Japanese and Ainu merchants make first contact with the Kiamukut Band on the Alaskan coast. The merchants did not understand the Inuits well, but they were escorted by fishers to the Grand Chief. As a sign if friendship between them, the merchants offer many gifts to him, being given Inuit food, cloth, shelter, and warmth in return. Because of this, troops are sent into the war against the Ming. A few Japanese settlers, looking to become the first contenders in the Alaskan trade, travel north to establish a colony on OTL St Lawrence Island. Ainu is annexed into Japan, in which a feast is held for both of the leaders of the two nations. However, Yamamoto Yokohama IV, afraid of losing trading rights in Kiatumgutai, sends a diplomat to the Tartary asking for trading rights in where they have settled. Meanwhile, Yamamoto Yokohama IV adopts a 12 year old Manchu boy, to show the people how much he cares about his empire. Vassalation of the Kiamikgut Band is halted due to the war with Hispania. With Vietnam revolting with more than anticipated power and as a sudden surprise, Emperor Yamamoto Yokohama IV orders a fiat to his military advisors, telling all troops to withdraw from Vietnam and to go to Biak, where they will be reasigned to a different location within the next year. All Shinto Vietnamese people's are offered to come to Japan and its empire, as long as they take a quiz on the basic faith of Shinto. After a long talk between the Manchu Rebels and their leader, Japan and Manchuria decide to part ways, seeing that the Great Manchu Empire hasn't been profiting for the empire as much as it used to. Seeing that almost all of the military is in Heinan, close to the Yue, an Invasion of the rest of the island and of OTL Hong Kong and Macau is taken, to rid of all Spanish people's and to establish more trade with the Wu in the South China Sea. (Can someone do the algo please? I am busy Irl atm.)
    • Japanese Manchuria (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 9 larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs. As the economy begins to drop with fewer Chinese and Spanish merchants coming in Yamamoto Yokohama IV asks the Chinese Warlord states X and Y to defend China in the case of any non-local emerging power rises in the area. To spice up the deal, Japan-Manchuria offers 70 lbs of Silver to every state that joins, with economic bonuses coming long term.
    • Formosa (Vassal of Japan): The military/economy is built up. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Shanghai until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Qingdao until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Heinan until 1775, mostly because of the huge armies coming into Heinan, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island.
    • Kiatumgutai: As the new Alaskan market opens up, about eight more people flock to the area to try to make money in the area. The colony expands by 5 px.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. New Mecklenburg in Australia expands by 750 px. Trade with the Hawaiian natives in the now-named Schwerin Islands, and the Maori in New Rugia continue.
  • Tartary: The nation experiences a brief increase in Siberian expansion this year, led by the agricultural peoples of the Volga or the emigrant Turks, as well as a wave of Sakha and Ket expansion along the main rivers. Much of the northern half of the Yenisey and Lena rivers is already in Tatar hands, while the Ob is entirely under control of the Emperor. We continue exploring and expanding east. The military also begins to be modernised. This turn is dedicated to economic expansion.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to economy. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St. Patriksburg is expanded, with a large kremlin and port being constructed.
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku  succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. Independence was declared from the Empire of Japan. As this happened, an end to the forceful spread of Shinto was declared and all those that refused to reconvert from Shinto were executed. Meanwhile, in a showcase of power; Emperor Shinji Hiraku declared war upon the Uighur Khanate and sent seige weapons. . [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Lanzhou: With the conquest of Lanzhou, a local leadership is set up. The people are treated with mercy, and all the positions that were held prior to the war would still be held. With the exception of nobles and the royal family, which, however, were to be replaced. Much more modern weaponry was flowed into Lanzhou and a militia consisting of 5000 men was established to look after the state security. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. [Mil/Eco Turn]
  • Nubia: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Our military continues to expand 100 px southwest. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. Now that Nubia is unified, we continue to centralize the nation. The border control team continues to watch the borders carefully, because of what is happening in Yemen and because we do not want Ethiopia to attack us.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.The king is outrage, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal!,In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400.000 hundred troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.  The loyalist declares war to the Rhenish rioters.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.  The kingdom declares war to the Rhenish rioters.
    • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig asks a diplomatic meeting with Pskov, Croatia and Poland's leadership within the city.
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • Wu: Economy and military are built up, while we take our charge to attack Yue with a help of Japan. Infrastructure is built up.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus cease the expansion of the military, though they begin construction of border defenses.
  • The Nehilaw continue to modernize and advance their interests, as do all vassals. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casino, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields.
  • Kingdom of Tibet: Tibet continues to improve its economy and build up its military. Some farms and cities are built, more Buddhist are built and roads are improved. Massive military built ups occurs and the Tibetan population continues to grow faster as 500,000 people is added every five years to defend its country from incoming invaders.
  • Mansurriyya Sultanate: Following the successful defeat of Yemen in the previous year and their vassalisation under the Mansurriyya Sultanate, the plan to annex Oman into the Sultanate is implemented, and the Omani royal family is integrated into the royal household of the Mansurriyya Sultanate. The borders are reinforced further with troops, the military continues to be built up and modernized.
  • New Austria (Colony of Bavaria): The economy and military improve. The mountainside cities, especially New Vienna, expand rapidly, with new businesses for refining and manufacturing appearing routinely. A professional army is continually trained at the University of New Vienna, while its constructed. The forts are also expanded, and new artillery are manufactured. A fleet of merchant ships are constructed, along with a couple of caravels and frigates. Relations between Hispanics and Germans improve as intercity trade develops, and the elementary schools encourage children to learn both Spanish and German. Diplomats are sent to the french colonies, establishing mutual trade relations and asking the 40th Parallel to be recognized as our border. Traders begin to travel down the Tancha River (OTL Eel River), and into the French colonies. In the north, the colony expands northeast 800 miles along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River), as far as Lake Frances (OTL Lake Louise). A trading post, called Santiago, is established near this lake.
  • Andean Monarchy: With the end of the War and the expansion of the Inca, the Peruvian Confederation, under the French, reforms into the Andean Monarchy. Tawantinsuyu remains the head nation in the Monarchy, and is the most populous at nine million people. It also houses the largest City: Cuzco, which has roughly 170,000 people. Military, economy and navy improve. Huascar II dies, and his son, Apeac III takes the throne. Apeac currently has one child, Cava (20). Apeac III grows sick late in the year. With no living son to take the throne, he requests a royal marrige with Vorylocalyr (Mod Response Needed). This sets up for a personal union with the nation, however the Inca Elite and Inca parliament are opposed to this. As such, the Royalty and Parliament begin a lengthy debate which leads the the amending of the Cuzco Codes. The clause that once stated "Only a Pure Blood Inca may take the throne" has been amended to "No person of European descent may take the throne". On January 31st, three hours before the new year, Apeac the III dies at age 37.
    • Empire du Chimor: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly four million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Anca II takes the throne as the lesser king, and confirms his subjugation to the Inca.
    • Empire du Chiribaya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chiribaya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly three million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Empire du Collaquyimbya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Collaquyimbya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 400,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Viceroyalty of Chile: Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population over 1 million, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region.
    • Domain of Tiwanaku:  Formally a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 150,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region, though French and Inca cultures also grow.
  • Mod response, uh, Sure. Volayacor acceptes. 
  • In Aragon, the new nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of  new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. The construction of new ships and the purchase of foreign weaponry continues. The government issues bonds to help stabilize the federal economy. The Bank of Aragon is established. Meanwhile, the new Assembly seeks to formally establish relations with BavariaWestphalia-Netherlands, and Britannia independent of the Treaty of Toledo.
  • Ethiopia: We launch a surprise attack on Nubia, after years of planning. We send in 35,000 troops to invade, hoping to take as much land as possible from these attacks. Our 1735 census claims the population is 10,199,021, and is growing every day.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1755, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Frances I, aged 54, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In political news, Frances I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg, and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Queen's children are: Franz-Hector (born 1732), Joan (born 1735), and Anne (born 1741, married to Wolfgang von Habsburg in 1751). The Queen's siblings are: former King Albert V (born 1694, died 1742), and Friedrich-Rudolf (born 1704). The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Prince Friedrich-Rudolf is married to Princess Mari of Brittany. Concerning Venezia, Queen Frances and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In economic news, the economy is in tatters after the war. While nowhere near the level of destruction as faced by the Spanish economy, the Bavarian economy is still majorly shaken after the war. Trade dips in 1750 and a long recession begins as inflation rises and poverty increases. In other news, Austrian continue congregating in the Deutsche Diet, arousing the suspicion of their Bavarian counterparts. Their meetings are in secret, and the more extreme Bavarian parliamentarians accuse them of treason and plotting to overthrow the government. Regardless of parliamentary strife and polarization, the meetings continue to occur. Bavarian fugititives Frederick and Maria-Amalia von Croÿ-Habsburg continue to seek safe-haven in Westphalia. In Austrian news, with the economy remaining volatile,  the Croÿ crisis encourages extremist pro-Austrians and the call for the Austrian annexation of Tyrol, Salzburg, and Venezia continues to grow louder. More demonstrations occur in 1753 alone then in the past twenty-five years. Violence becomes a problem as well as numerous peasant and commoner mobs frequently engage Bavarian police and guardsmen. The Deutsche Diet authorize the deployment of 2,500 troops in November to enter Vienna and attempt to quell the sitation. The deployment only agitates the mobs and leads to greater unrest and instability. The Diet holds back on sending any more troops to Venezia or Vienna. Austrian parliamentarians become more extreme than before. Felix Manzkari, once the leader of the pro-Austrian faction, is now regarded as a light-weight, Bavarian puppet for his accusations against Frederick von Croÿ. Croÿ, living in the village of Lich, observes the Austrian situation eagerly. Wanting not to miss an important opportunity, Frederick declares himself and his wife Maria-Amalia as King Frederick I and Queen Maria-Amalia I of Bavaria. Maria-Amalia, while previously a quiet figure in the entire affair, becomes much more politically active that she is a pretender to the throne. She spends the rest of the year touring around Westphalia advertising her husband's new reign, as well as her own. Her husband accompanies her sometimes, but he too travels across the country. Maria-Amalia spends time secretly gathering military support in Frankfurt, right under her father's nose. In Bavaria, Queen Frances I is growing more concerned of the problem now that she has legitimate pretenders on her watch. In the Diet, a handful of Austrian parliamentarians openly express support for the so-called King Frederick. In consequence, many Bavarian parliamentarians begin despising their Austrian counterparts and the Deutsche Diet in general becomes highly polarized. The royal family now fears a parliamentary coup where Austrian parliamentarians kill or depose Bavarians and legally proclaim Frederick the true King and invite him over. Secret spies and observers are sent to Augsburg to monitor the actions of the Austrians and sit in at parliamentary sessions.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. 
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 251 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue being constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria. Frances of Bavaria continues to give support to Austrian parliamentarians. Ferdinand von Ingschaft, in an address to the Curia Austria, petitions Frances I to create a dual Bavaro-Austrian parliament. 
    • Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Felix Manzkari continues supporting of Austrian annexation of Tyrol and Venezia. The Diet observes the unrest brewing in Austria, but no parliamentarian suggests anything that could agitate the situation further. Manzkari, on the other hand, allies himself with the factions that support Austrian annexation of the newly conquered realms.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed. 
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. 
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. In 1730, Frances is declared Queen of Austria. In other news, anti-Bavarian sentiment rises as more and more Austrians call for the annexation of Tyrol and Venezia.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Frances is declared as Queen of Venezia in 1750. In following the example of her grandfather King Leopold II, Queen Frances initiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. Frances I also launches a propaganda campaign in Venice. Her ministers in Venice villify decades of Spanish hegemony, and depict the efforts of Hispanicization in Italy as akin to genocide and the forced destruction of the Italian peoples. Furthermore, in an effort to lower anti-Bavarian sentiment in Venice, royal ministers depict the Bavarians as a benevolent aide, while the Croatians are displayed as marauding bandits and murderers who are responsible for the destruction the city is facing. These tactics, aiming to condemn the Spanish and elevate the Bavarians and Italians, is somewhat effective. Most living in the region care little of the causation of their misery, and only that it dissipates quickly. Seeing this development, the Deutsche Diet agree to pay for 40% of all expenses in Venezia, and lower the taxes in Venezia by a substantial amount. This tactic brings a much more welcome response. In military news, 4,500 Bavarian and Austrian troops are left stationed in Venezia in case any violent uprising occurs.
    • Duchy of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Duke Edmund I, aged 52, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Edmund I's children are: Edmund (born 1718), Eleanor (born 1722), Albert-Maria (born 1722), Johann (born 1728) Klara (born 1733), and Johanna-Klarice (born 1736). Prince Edmund is married to Baroness Claramond von Augustin.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Hector I, aged 23, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary.  Franz-Hector marries Matilde DuBarry in 1754.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • New Austria: The colony of Nei Österreich is established in 1750. The colony stretches from the borders of New Bavaria in the north, to the new French colonies in the south. Most of Nei Österreich is composed of primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanic colonists. Colonists from Nei Baiern are encouraged to settle in Nei Österreich. 
    • New Swabia: The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself. 
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon, and Mexaco are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. The offer of the Mansuryan Sultanate is accepted. 
    • Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. 
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km. 
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia. 
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals. 
        • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself. 
    • Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once cooperated with the Romans in ages past, is chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, is coronated as the King of Italy. All properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. By the end of the first year, most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. The Recent political conversations riling up the country has divided the populace. More-or-less, due to the pushing of groups, certain conditions are agreed to for different reasons, and with the rising partisanship in politics, many wish to have a comittee "Free" from the partisan politics of getting elected. A 90% of all members of the General Assembly also reject the idea of Feudalism, pointing out the fact that in the 100 years since its abandonment in most republics, the economy has grown more than in the entire 1000 years that preceded it. The First two conditions are more or less agreed to, that in order for a bicameral(or tricameral) system to work, both houses must independanty agree. This also means that if 50%+1 of the lower house agrees, then it also acts as a veto. It is also pushed in a counter-proposal that each time the Electoral Council meets to elect or affirm the Supreme Prince, the Nobility will also assemble their own council to chose the Maior Domus. The Last two conditions are rejected outright in the proposal, and a counter proposal is made: The members of the House of the Nobility will not be eligible for any elected positions, or positions derrivative from them, they must resign that post in order to take on elected roles or be in the cabinet of ministers(due to responsible government). Members, and only members of this upper house of parliament will be granted a personal title ranging from Baron to Herzog in accordance to past and current prestige of families, The Other nobility would gain the title "dvoryanin" (or other title signifying "nobleman") if they are eligible. Members will receive a large estate (that will be bought from the government, basically only allowing the more powerful and rich noble families to become members). Serfdom is akin to slavery, and will never be re-instated, however as beforem be able to rent land they received to the people working it, however rent may not exceed an equivalent of 50% of the year's production, v if it exceeds 33%, then additional benefits like a basic education must be met in exchange for them not being allowed to leave. The workers of the land will be free men, but considering the financial interest of the owners of the land (i.e., leaving would cause undue financial harm), in order to leave a minimum of two years rent must be paid, or be ordered by a court due to mistreatment, in which case a settlement must be paid. Also, 3000 zolotniks is like, 500,000, totally unreasonable. In a shocking tunrn of events, during the first meeting of the electoral council, Nikolai Zaytsev announces his resignation from the Position of Supreme Prince, and asks the Council to chose another candidate. He endorses Erik von Einzbern, who is once again amongst the Electors. THis is meant as a conciliatory to the prodominatly german revolters, and to have them try and drop certain parts of demands. He also kindly reminds them that they are surrounded by armed guards, and that they should not get too pompous, as they are not inherently superior to anyone in the room. After about a week of discussion, Erik von Einzbern is overwhelmingly elected with 637 votes in his favour. His inauguration is set for the day after the current Prince's official resignation, which he announced will be on the day an agreement is reached regarding the house of Lords. Einzbern takes the style Supreme-Prince-Elect in the meantime.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Narvans, having fought a civil war in the 1640s to get rid of most if not all nobility/royalty in their territory, whiie the republic of Taalinn is much more sympathetic to their cause. talks between political leaders begin near the end of the year, as some tension is dissipated due to the conciliatory attitude of Prince Zaytsev.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Some Latvians volunteer for the war in Hispania.Latvia mobilizes its military in support of the Union upon the behest of Pskov. Nobility problems, tension, send political and noble leaders to talks etc etc etc...
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to state so. As such, many wish 
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care for the fate of the "lesser" nobility). Nikolaus Hohenzollern does his things and whatnot as governour. the Hohenzollerns take advantage to rile support for the old system. Enough time has passed for people to grow rather cynical, and thus some support for a return to at least partial aristocracy has become to increase. political leaders come to pskov to discuss things as tensions decrease due to Conciliatory attitudes.
    • The Belarussian Military is improved as the Road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of marshal law, the Marshal law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarussia sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. 
  • Empire of Lanka: The Empire continues to celebrate the victory of the coalition and the victory and expansion of the Dutch realm. Ranjit I continues to hold the throne with no major pretenders. The Lankan government focuses on economic expansion and infrastructure (and westernization). Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Lanka making the empire more westernized. Most of the army is equipped with Dutch/western weapons and many cannons given to them over the years. Most of the army also have Dutch military training, to learn Dutch/western tactics, and the troop numbers continues to go up. The most recent census taken in 1739 accounts for 1,059,604 Lankan citizens (on the island and abroad). Trade posts continue to be built throughout the empire. The mostly complete, new capital of Waardige continues to be built (funded by both Lankan and Dutch governments) (Turn Eighty-Seven of Many). The Kust Weg continues to be used; mostly for military reasons. Dutch reformist continues to be sampled by a small percentage of the population with some converting, while others practice parts of both. As much of the population is illiterate in both Sinhala (and Tamil) and Dutch, Ranjit I desires to start a slow reform. A few government schools are set up throughout the country that are available to the Lankan upper-class. The schools are ran by Dutch scholars and they teach the subjects of Language (Sinhala and Dutch), Astronomy, Simple Mathematics, and Dutch/European History. Only a small amount of upper-class Lankans are able to attend these schools, but they will run the University being built in Waardige and will be the philosophes of Lanka. Even a fewer amount of schools are set up to teach the lower classes the subject of how to read. With new income from Chennai (Madras), Ranjit wishes to reform the navy, and purchase more recent warships from the Dutch. There continues to be small incidences and disputes erupting throughout the empire between religious and cultural minorities. Relations continue to be improved with the nations of Urdustan, Ayutthaya, the Suri Empire, and Japan. Ranjit invites Dutch aristocracy to visit Lanka to become scholars or for opportunities in administration. Ranjit also asks for a Queen from Urdustan or any other nation willing to offer (must be plausible in Asia).
    • Lankastad of Madras: With Madras being ceded to Lanka in the recent war, it is managed as a separate entity as other parts of the empire. The government has tried to not interfere with the trade city, although a lot of the Lankan military has been sent there. The city is less profitable than under Spanish Rule, but it continues to be a major center for trading in Asia. The population has also decreased from under Spanish rule (from 120,000 to around 75,000), but an official census hasn't been taken yet.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy and military of Scandinavia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Scandinavia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Scandinavian iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Bavaria, Pskov, the Roman Empire, Britannia, the Nehilaw and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian courts. The ports in Iceland are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach nine million by 1740. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. Homelessness in urban areas and overcrowding is becoming a massive problem, especially in Copenhagen. To accommodate, people are encouraged to travel to the New World. In political news, the House of Bjelbo-Griffins continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia reaps the benefits of the war in Spain, dominating the world market.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 1000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. An outpost on Greenland is built.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expands. 
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life
  • Mexaca FlagDominion of Mexaca: The Prime Minister of the newly created Dominion of Mexaca, Cesar Tontaltec, starts the rebuilding process for the nation. Consulates and government buildings are set up in the new capital of Zapoteca (OTL Monterrey). The name reflects a link to the nation's past, while the city is meant to be a driving force in the nation's development. The political capital is located in Zapoteca, while the cultural capital remains in the old capital of Danibaan. Tontaltec meets with Britannian diplomats to streamline the process of setting up the new dominion. Basic infrastructure is restored, many citizens recruited to rebuild roads, bridges and boats. Prime Minister Tontaltec believes that employing the masses of impoverished people will help the struggling economy. Basic goods also resume production - fruits, vegetables, flax, timber, fisheries, etc. While most of the population speaks a regional dialect of Spanish (with a strong Zapotec influence), English is introduced, and will slowly be built up as the main language of the nation. The new Flag of Mexaca is colored in red, white, and blue, to show ties to Britannia. It also displayes the icon of the Mexacan cross, a symbol popularly used by churches in the nation. Note: The proper denonym for Mexaca is Mexacan, not Mexican. 
  • The Empire of Britannia: (Copy-pasting for Andy) Many ships are modernized and replaced to keep the British Royal Navy a powerful force on the high seas. The Empire enacts a new series of reforms designed to better govern the numerous holdings of the Empire. The Empire, having had many years of isolation and inactivity on the global scale, rejoins the world stage. The first modernization steps are taken to streamline the military forces. The Crown Colonial Association also decides to also streamline the Borealian colonies. The former L'nu nation is integrated into New Dublin to form the Dominion of Arcadia. Other nation changes include economic reforms to restart the sluggish economy and a greater focus on military technology. The military is updated. A new model for economic production is released in homes of bolstering Britannia's economy, one of the leading economies in the world. The efforts come after many years of flagging production and scientific stagnation. Nowhere are these reforms more found than the colonies, where governors have been told to move away from a purely exploitive model to a more productive, economic model. The hope is by freeing up some of the labor force that was once used for exploitation, and use that force in a more efficient capacity, that profits and production would rise. Parliament clamors for continued updates to infrastructure and technology. The Britannic war of succession finally appears to be over with King James officially coronated at the Tower of London as Emperor James of Scotland, Ruler of Britannia and her holdings, Defender of the Faith, Most August. James will consider entertaining the Oldenbuger request in regards to officially ending the civil war and provide the former house with some position. In the meantime, the former emperor flees to a safe haven in Hamburg. The Council of Kent is convened to end the succession crisis. Emperor James states that he will allow the House of Hamburg to remain nobility and offer the family control over Arcadia. In other news, Parliament declares war on Spain citing the strengthening of ties with France an overall increase in tension between the once cordial nations. The bulk of the Britannic navy is assembled and begins the trip to Spain. Troops are directed from the Navy as well as land forces through France. In Borealia, The Dominion of Arcadia, New Cambridgeshire and New Guerney also aid in the effort. In a speech to Parliament Emperor James laments his nations decision but firmly stands behind the parliament and armed forces in this matter. Ties with France are further strengthen by the combined effort. The Emperor plans a visit to the Prime Minister of Mexaca to discuss the future between the nations. Troops are sent to help fight the Spanish off.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand the navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Dominion of Arcadia: Continues to expand 1000 sq km west and south. A large influx of settlers arrive from Eire. The new realignment of the two colonial holdings of L'nu and New Dublin see a massive increase of settlers as the new dominion governor enacts more reforms targeted toward economy and finance.
    • New Cambridgeshire: New Cambridgeshire expands by 1000 sq km west. Colonists begin to explore around the region and begin to have a large fishing boom. The Port of New Oxford is expanded to handle excess ships from Britannia and other European nations. A large influx of settlers arrive from Britannia, fueled by the fears and rumours of war. Due to the recent influx of furs, the local population booms. Shipping also booms as many new merchant vessels are constructed to meet demand. The Borealian colonies all expand inland 1000 sq km.
    • Colony of New Guerney: A flood of immigrants arrives at Port William on the island of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola) as the colony continues to experience an unprecedented influx of colonists. The colony expands 1000 sq km inland. Several new industries emerge as an increased demand for merchant marine ships rises. The Royal Navy attempts to gain a handle on the piracy situation. However, several small port towns of grown to harbour pirates due to the influx of money.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Crown Colony Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Colony of Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Britannia a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
  • Tartary: The nation experiences a brief increase in Siberian expansion this year, led by the agricultural peoples of the Volga or the emigrant Turks, as well as a wave of Sakha and Ket expansion along the main rivers. Much of the northern half of the Yenisey and Lena rivers is already in Tatar hands, while the Ob is entirely under control of the Emperor. We continue exploring and expanding east. The military also begins to be modernised. This turn is dedicated to military expansion.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to military. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St. Patriksburg is expanded, with a large Kremlin and port being constructed.

1756

The war in Serbia ends. Yey.

The revolts in Hesperia become stronger, and a small rebel state manifests, known as New Spain (or Osea, whichever it was before), after the previous Spanish state that existed there.

Two of the revolters, Prussia and Lithuania of the Union of Königsberg declare themselves the Royal Baltic Alliance, after seeing the Pskovian reaction to their terms. Erik von Einzbern is seen as a traitor by the Prussians. (Same scores as before)

... the whole point of the "talks" in Pskov is that people are there, in the city, discussing things. Discussions have proposals and counter-proposals. The Feudal System is no longer used in any relevant nations in Europe PERIOD. any form of slavery was illegal for 100 years. 100 years. At best, stories about how they used to own people would come from granddad, at worst nobody because great gran-pappy or granddad passed away before these people even were born. You make up a bogus excuse the first time, then change it when I point out its nonsensical/ This was the reaction to the proposal: part 1: Yes, that's how bicameral systems work, we'll also make the two chambers completely independent of each other (doesn't mean you can't support people though). part 2: here's a mechanism whereby this can happen (i.e., how that maior domus guy can be reasonably chosen) part 3: settle down, this hasn't been used in Europe in centuries, and would ruin any semblance of civilization we have part 4: no, you can't own people, the people you elected even made laws against it , here's a variant if you want something similar. Also, I'm resigning my post and endorsing somebody you more-or-less like better than me, oh look he got elected, now if we can cut a deal before year's end he will be your leader. You make it seem like the prince and the Grand Senate looked at them, and then sent them a photocopy of their collective anuses.
Just, I spent so much time placating these people, fighting in belarus, confusing the results of Belarus, I mean ... I just came out of a bloody revolt and then started to address grievances that actually gave a legitimate excuse to institute a bicameral system, I thought that this could be done diplomatically (as as implied earlier), but no, it just had to go to war, I fought a revolt in Belarus, now I don't know how this works. I'll just post my regular post, and since this thing happened so late in the bloody day, the whole thing did or did not happen late in the year. so I'll post what happened for the majority of the year, i.e., copy and paste as not to lose any points. I need to calm down before a rational decision is made. 
  • Tartary: The nation experiences a brief increase in Siberian expansion this year, led by the agricultural peoples of the Volga or the emigrant Turks, as well as a wave of Sakha and Ket expansion along the main rivers. Much of the northern half of the Yenisey and Lena rivers is already in Tatar hands, while the Ob is entirely under control of the Emperor. We continue exploring and expanding east. The military also begins to be modernised. This turn is dedicated to economic expansion.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to economy. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St. Patriksburg is expanded, with a large Kremlin and port being constructed.
  • Empire of Japan: The military/economy is built up. Horiyōshi Yokohama III, late one night, decides to engage in intercourse with one of his courtwomen. However, getting overly exited and aroused, he suffers a heart attack from exhaustion. His son, Yamamota Yokohama IV, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarchs rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised apon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. After exploring north for a couple years to find alternate trade different from Hispania, Japanese and Ainu merchants make first contact with the Kiamukut Band on the Alaskan coast. The merchants did not understand the Inuits well, but they were escorted by fishers to the Grand Chief. As a sign if friendship between them, the merchants offer many gifts to him, being given Inuit food, cloth, shelter, and warmth in return. Because of this, troops are sent into the war against the Ming. A few Japanese settlers, looking to become the first contenders in the Alaskan trade, travel north to establish a colony on OTL St Lawrence Island. Ainu is annexed into Japan, in which a feast is held for both of the leaders of the two nations. However, Yamamoto Yokohama IV, afraid of losing trading rights in Kiatumgutai, sends a diplomat to the Tartary asking for trading rights in where they have settled. Meanwhile, Yamamoto Yokohama IV adopts a 12 year old Manchu boy, to show the people how much he cares about his empire. Vassalation of the Kiamikgut Band is halted due to the war with Hispania. With Vietnam revolting with more than anticipated power and as a sudden surprise, Emperor Yamamoto Yokohama IV orders a fiat to his military advisors, telling all troops to withdraw from Vietnam and to go to Biak, where they will be reasigned to a different location within the next year. All Shinto Vietnamese people's are offered to come to Japan and its empire, as long as they take a quiz on the basic faith of Shinto. After a long talk between the Manchu Rebels and their leader, Japan and Manchuria decide to part ways, seeing that the Great Manchu Empire hasn't been profiting for the empire as much as it used to. Seeing that almost all of the military is in Heinan, close to the Yue, an Invasion of the rest of the island and of OTL Hong Kong and Macau is taken, to rid of all Spanish people's and to establish more trade with the Wu in the South China Sea. (Can someone do the algo please? I am busy IRL ATM.)
    • Japanese Manchuria (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 9 larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs. As the economy begins to drop with fewer Chinese and Spanish merchants coming in Yamamoto Yokohama IV asks the Chinese Warlord states X and Y to defend China in the case of any non-local emerging power rises in the area. To spice up the deal, Japan-Manchuria offers 70 lbs of Silver to every state that joins, with economic bonuses coming long term.
    • Formosa (Vassal of Japan): The military/economy is built up. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Shanghai until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, a European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Qingdao until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, a European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Heinan until 1775, mostly because of the huge armies coming into Heinan, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, a European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come and defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island.
    • Kiatumgutai: As the new Alaskan market opens up, about eight more people flock to the area to try to make money in the area. The colony expands by 5 px.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries.
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku  succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. Independence was declared from the Empire of Japan. As this happened, an end to the forceful spread of Shinto was declared and all those that refused to reconvert from Shinto were executed. Meanwhile, in a showcase of power; Emperor Shinji Hiraku declared war upon the Uighur Khanate and sent seige weapons. . [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep throughout Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Lanzhou: With the conquest of Lanzhou, a local leadership is set up. The people are treated with mercy, and all the positions that were held prior to the war would still be held. With the exception of nobles and the royal family, which, however, were to be replaced. Much more modern weaponry was flowed into Lanzhou and a militia consisting of 5000 men was established to look after the state security. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. [Mil/Eco Turn]
  • The Kingdom of Navarre works tirelessly under the leadership of King Erramun to establish the economy as something of a fusion between the latest farming practices and newest industrial developments. This process involves producing just enough food to maintain a self-sufficient consumption-based economy where excess industrial goods can then be traded for a major profit. This drives greater investment into Navarre.
  • Nubia: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Our military continues to expand 100 px southwest. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. Now that Nubia is unified, we continue to centralize the nation. Due to revolts The border control team continues to watch the borders carefully, because of what is happening in Yemen and because we do not want Ethiopia to attack us.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Inca-Vorlayacor Union: With the death of Apeac III, the nations of Tawatinsuyu and Vorlayacor fall into a Personal Union. The Andean Monarchy remains in control of Tawatinsuyu and her Vassals.  The Population of Tawatinsuyu hits roughly ten million, while the Population of Vorlayacor hits 2.5 million (Feud informed me of an epidemic that leveled the population of the Nation, so this seems about right). Military, economy and navy are improved. Cuzco Remains the largest City in the nation, with roughly 170,000 people. Nov Xoryan also experinces growth under the Union, with a population of about 50,000. Other Cities include Peru, Machu Picchu, Chimor, Sican, New Burgundy, Deutchburg, Wari, and Machitonis. Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor, and the Inca again amend the codes to tolerate any Hesperian Native that wishes to live under the Union. (Law has been in place unofficially for a while). This is met with some minor backlash from the Inca Elite, but in general the law is popular. The Inca also begin to invest in Vorlayacor, encouraging the movement of Inca people into the nation to aid in recovery from the last epidemic. The City of Buenos Dias is founded in Vorlayacor (OTL Barretos). To compliment this, the City of Buenos Noches is founded in the Inca (Callao).
    • Empire du Chimor: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly four million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Anca II takes the throne as the lesser king, and confirms his subjugation to the Inca.
    • Empire du Chiribaya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chiribaya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly four million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Empire du Collaquyimbya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Collaquyimbya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 400,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Viceroyalty of Chile: Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population over one million, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region. The City of Buenos Tardes is founded as the nations new capital.
    • Domain of Tiwanaku: Formally a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 150,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region, though French and Inca cultures also grow. The City of Aymara is founded as a capital of the nation.
  • The Nehilaw continue to modernize and advance their interests, as do all vassals. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casino, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The High Sachem offers his daughter in marriage to the King of the Twightee. (Mod Response)
  • Ethiopia: Our invasion of Nubia continues, with 4,500 more troops getting sent to fight the Nubians. Knowing that they'd want to possibly grab land from Nubia, we ask Rome to send in 5,000 troops to help, in exchange for the northern fifth of the nation. Our population hits 10.5 million, as our first university nears the finish of its construction.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon, and Mexaco are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. With the changing political calculus in Kiev and the Tatary, Roman and Gothic officials begin constructing border defenses along the Gothic-Tatary border. In addition, the Empire requests trade agreements and a military base in Volayacor.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
    • Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once cooperated with the Romans in ages past, is chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, is coronated as the King of Italy. All properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. By the end of the first year, most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power.
    • Inca-Vorlayacor Union Dip: Accepted.
  • Kievan Rus: The Kievan Rus takes inspiration by the Romans and begins construction of a comprehensive network of roads.
  • Wu: Troops still topple Yue for an attack, the economy and military were improved and the modes income has been exported to infrastructure site.
  • Kingdom of Tibet: Tibet continues to improve its economy and build up its military. Some farms and cities are built, more Buddhist are built and roads are improved. Massive military built ups occurs and the Tibetan population continues to grow faster as 500,000 people is added every five years to defend its country from incoming invaders. Tibetan military begins placing up troops at southeastern border, Yunnan, to conquer more lands as king of Tibet said at the capital city.
    • Chutiya: Chutiya continues to improve its economy and build up its military. Some farms and cities are built, more Buddhist are built and roads are improved.
    • Nepal: Nepal continues to improve its economy and build up its military. Some farms and cities are built, more Buddhist are built and roads are improved.
  • New Austria (Colony of Bavaria): The economy and military improve. The mountainside cities, especially New Vienna, expand rapidly, with new businesses for refining and manufacturing appearing routinely. A professional army is continually trained at the University of New Vienna, while its constructed. The forts are also expanded, and new artillery are manufactured. A fleet of merchant ships are constructed, along with a couple of caravels and frigates. Relations between Hispanics and Germans improve as intercity trade develops, and the elementary schools encourage children to learn both Spanish and German. Diplomats are sent to the french colonies, establishing mutual trade relations and asking the 40th Parallel to be recognized as our border. Traders begin to travel down the Tancha River (OTL Eel River), and into the French colonies. In the north, the colony expands northeast 800 miles along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River), as far as Lake Frances (OTL Lake Louise). A trading post, called Santiago, is established near this lake.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. The Recent political conversations riling up the country has divided the populace. More-or-less, due to the pushing of groups, certain conditions are agreed to for different reasons, and with the rising partisanship in politics, many wish to have a comittee "Free" from the partisan politics of getting elected. A 90% of all members of the General Assembly also reject the idea of Feudalism, pointing out the fact that in the 100 years since its abandonment in most republics, the economy has grown more than in the entire 1000 years that preceded it. The First two conditions are more or less agreed to, that in order for a bicameral(or tricameral) system to work, both houses must independanty agree. This also means that if 50%+1 of the lower house agrees, then it also acts as a veto. It is also pushed in a counter-proposal that each time the Electoral Council meets to elect or affirm the Supreme Prince, the Nobility will also assemble their own council to chose the Maior Domus. The Last two conditions are rejected outright in the proposal, and a counter proposal is made: The members of the House of the Nobility will not be eligible for any elected positions, or positions derrivative from them, they must resign that post in order to take on elected roles or be in the cabinet of ministers(due to responsible government). Members, and only members of this upper house of parliament will be granted a personal title ranging from Baron to Herzog in accordance to past and current prestige of families, The Other nobility would gain the title "dvoryanin" (or other title signifying "nobleman") if they are eligible. Members will receive a large estate (that will be bought from the government, basically only allowing the more powerful and rich noble families to become members). Serfdom is akin to slavery, and will never be re-instated, however as before be able to rent land they received to the people working it, however rent may not exceed an equivalent of 50% of the year's production, v if it exceeds 33%, then additional benefits like a basic education must be met in exchange for them not being allowed to leave. The workers of the land will be free men, but considering the financial interest of the owners of the land (i.e. leaving would cause undue financial harm), in order to leave a minimum of two years rent must be paid, or be ordered by a court due to mistreatment, in which case a settlement must be paid. Also, 3000 zolotniks is like, 500K, totally unreasonable. In a shocking turn of events, during the first meeting of the electoral council, Nikolai Zaytsev announces his resignation from the position of Supreme Prince, and asks the Council to chose another candidate. He endorses Erik von Einzbern, who is once again amongst the Electors. This is meant as a conciliatory to the predominately German revolters, and to have them try and drop certain parts of demands. He also kindly reminds them that they are surrounded by armed guards, and that they should not get too pompous, as they are not inherently superior to anyone in the room. After about a week of discussion, Erik von Einzbern is overwhelmingly elected with 637 votes in his favour. His inauguration is set for the day after the current Prince's official resignation, which he announced will be on the day an agreement is reached regarding the house of Lords. Einzbern takes the style Supreme-Prince-Elect in the meantime.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. The Narvans, having fought a civil war in the 1640s to get rid of most if not all nobility/royalty in their territory, whiie the republic of Taalinn is much more sympathetic to their cause. talks between political leaders begin near the end of the year, as some tension is dissipated due to the conciliatory attitude of Prince Zaytsev.
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Some Latvians volunteer for the war in Hispania.Latvia mobilizes its military in support of the Union upon the behest of Pskov. Nobility problems, tension, send political and noble leaders to talks, etc...
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to state so. As such, many wish 
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care for the fate of the "lesser" nobility). Nikolaus Hohenzollern does his things and whatnot as governour. the Hohenzollerns take advantage to rile support for the old system. Enough time has passed for people to grow rather cynical, and thus some support for a return to at least partial aristocracy has become to increase. political leaders come to pskov to discuss things as tensions decrease due to Conciliatory attitudes.
    • The Belarussian Military is improved as the Road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of marshal law, the Marshal law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. 
  • County of Oldenburg: The Regency Council's committee into reforming the Landtag presents its findings to the Council. According to the report, the easiest way to make the Landtag more democratic would be to lower the property requirement from land and livestock worth T100 to T100. Burghers could also include chattels to compensate for their lack of livestock. The Council discusses the proposal, and finds that such a reform would not have a damaging effect on society, especially seeing as nothing so radical as universal suffrage has been proposed. The proposal is sent to the Landtag, which passes it after some discussion. Elections are still not by secret ballot, the property limit is still relatively high, and women - regardless of their wealth - are still excluded from the suffrage, but the reforms are still significant and will surely be enough to calm the radicals for a few decades. The excitement caused by the Landtag reforms distract many from the still poor condition of the economy. The OHG and some independent traders are slowly making a recovery, buoyed by Thabaschan cacao production and the still profitable Neu Norderney fur trade. 
  • Mexaca FlagDominion of Mexaca: The Prime Minister of the newly created Dominion of Mexaca, Cesar Tontaltec, starts the rebuilding process for the nation. Consulates and government buildings are set up in the new capital of Zapoteca (OTL Monterrey). The name reflects a link to the nation's past, while the city is meant to be a driving force in the nation's development. The political capital is located in Zapoteca, while the cultural capital remains in the old capital of Danibaan. Tontaltec meets with Britannian diplomats to streamline the process of setting up the new dominion. Basic infrastructure is restored, many citizens recruited to rebuild roads, bridges and boats. Prime Minister Tontaltec believes that employing the masses of impoverished people will help the struggling economy. Basic goods also resume production - fruits, vegetables, flax, timber, fisheries, etc. While most of the population speaks a regional dialect of Spanish (with a strong Zapotec influence), English is introduced, and will slowly be built up as the main language of the nation. The new Flag of Mexaca is colored in red, white, and blue, to show ties to Britannia. It also displayes the icon of the Mexacan cross, a symbol popularly used by churches in the nation. Note: The proper denonym for Mexaca is Mexacan, not Mexican. 
  • The Empire of Britannia: (Copy-pasting for Andy) Many ships are modernized and replaced to keep the British Royal Navy a powerful force on the high seas. The Empire enacts a new series of reforms designed to better govern the numerous holdings of the Empire. The Empire, having had many years of isolation and inactivity on the global scale, rejoins the world stage. The first modernization steps are taken to streamline the military forces. The Crown Colonial Association also decides to also streamline the Borealian colonies. The former L'nu nation is integrated into New Dublin to form the Dominion of Arcadia. Other nation changes include economic reforms to restart the sluggish economy and a greater focus on military technology. The military is updated. A new model for economic production is released in homes of bolstering Britannia's economy, one of the leading economies in the world. The efforts come after many years of flagging production and scientific stagnation. Nowhere are these reforms more found than the colonies, where governors have been told to move away from a purely exploitive model to a more productive, economic model. The hope is by freeing up some of the labor force that was once used for exploitation, and use that force in a more efficient capacity, that profits and production would rise. Parliament clamors for continued updates to infrastructure and technology. The Britannic war of succession finally appears to be over with King James officially coronated at the Tower of London as Emperor James of Scotland, Ruler of Britannia and her holdings, Defender of the Faith, Most August. James will consider entertaining the Oldenbuger request in regards to officially ending the civil war and provide the former house with some position. In the meantime, the former emperor flees to a safe haven in Hamburg. The Council of Kent is convened to end the succession crisis. Emperor James states that he will allow the House of Hamburg to remain nobility and offer the family control over Arcadia. In other news, Parliament declares war on Spain citing the strengthening of ties with France an overall increase in tension between the once cordial nations. The bulk of the Britannic navy is assembled and begins the trip to Spain. Troops are directed from the Navy as well as land forces through France. In Borealia, The Dominion of Arcadia, New Cambridgeshire and New Guerney also aid in the effort. In a speech to Parliament Emperor James laments his nations decision but firmly stands behind the parliament and armed forces in this matter. Ties with France are further strengthen by the combined effort. The Emperor plans a visit to the Prime Minister of Mexaca to discuss the future between the nations. Troops are sent to help fight the Spanish off.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand the navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Dominion of Arcadia: Continues to expand 1000 sq km west and south. A large influx of settlers arrive from Eire. The new realignment of the two colonial holdings of L'nu and New Dublin see a massive increase of settlers as the new dominion governor enacts more reforms targeted toward economy and finance.
    • New Cambridgeshire: New Cambridgeshire expands by 1000 sq km west. Colonists begin to explore around the region and begin to have a large fishing boom. The Port of New Oxford is expanded to handle excess ships from Britannia and other European nations. A large influx of settlers arrive from Britannia, fueled by the fears and rumours of war. Due to the recent influx of furs, the local population booms. Shipping also booms as many new merchant vessels are constructed to meet demand. The Borealian colonies all expand inland 1000 sq km.
    • Colony of New Guerney: A flood of immigrants arrives at Port William on the island of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola) as the colony continues to experience an unprecedented influx of colonists. The colony expands 1000 sq km inland. Several new industries emerge as an increased demand for merchant marine ships rises. The Royal Navy attempts to gain a handle on the piracy situation. However, several small port towns of grown to harbour pirates due to the influx of money.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Crown Colony Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Colony of Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Britannia a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
  • In Aragon, the new nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of  new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. The construction of new ships and the purchase of foreign weaponry continues. The government issues bonds to help stabilize the federal economy. The Bank of Aragon is established. Meanwhile, the new Assembly seeks to formally establish relations with BavariaWestphalia-Netherlands, and Britannia independent of the Treaty of Toledo.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1756, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Frances I, aged 55, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In political news, Frances I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg, and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Queen's children are: Franz-Hector (born 1732), Joan (born 1735), and Anne (born 1741, married to Wolfgang von Habsburg in 1751). The Queen's siblings are: former King Albert V (born 1694, died 1742), and Friedrich-Rudolf (born 1704). The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Prince Friedrich-Rudolf is married to Princess Mari of Brittany. Concerning Venezia, Queen Frances and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In economic news, the economy is in tatters after the war. While nowhere near the level of destruction as faced by the Spanish economy, the Bavarian economy is still majorly shaken after the war. Trade dips in 1750 and a long recession begins as inflation rises and poverty increases. In other news, Austrian continue congregating in the Deutsche Diet, arousing the suspicion of their Bavarian counterparts. Their meetings are in secret, and the more extreme Bavarian parliamentarians accuse them of treason and plotting to overthrow the government. Regardless of parliamentary strife and polarization, the meetings continue to occur. Bavarian fugititives Frederick and Maria-Amalia von Croÿ-Habsburg continue to seek safe-haven in Westphalia. In Austrian news, with the economy remaining volatile,  the Croÿ crisis encourages extremist pro-Austrians and the call for the Austrian annexation of Tyrol, Salzburg, and Venezia continues to grow louder. More demonstrations occur in 1753 alone then in the past twenty-five years. Violence becomes a problem as well as numerous peasant and commoner mobs frequently engage Bavarian police and guardsmen. The Deutsche Diet authorize the deployment of 2500 troops in November to enter Vienna and attempt to quell the sitation. The deployment only agitates the mobs and leads to greater unrest and instability. The Diet holds back on sending any more troops to Venezia or Vienna. Austrian parliamentarians become more extreme than before. Felix Manzkari, once the leader of the pro-Austrian faction, is now regarded as a light-weight, Bavarian puppet for his accusations against Frederick von Croÿ. Croÿ, living in the village of Lich, observes the Austrian situation eagerly. Croÿ-Habsburg continues fashioning himself as the true Bavarian King, while the majority of Austria supports him. The Kingdom of Austria edges closer and closer to open rebellion as many acts of dissent and anti-Bavarianism become totally commonplace. In Westphalia, King Frederick and Queen Maria-Amalia are able to amass a substantial fighting force, mostly of mercenaries and volunteers.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. 
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 251 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue being constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria. Frances of Bavaria continues to give support to Austrian parliamentarians. Ferdinand von Ingschaft, in an address to the Curia Austria, petitions Frances I to create a dual Bavaro-Austrian parliament. 
    • Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Felix Manzkari continues supporting of Austrian annexation of Tyrol and Venezia. The Diet observes the unrest brewing in Austria, but no parliamentarian suggests anything that could agitate the situation further. Manzkari, on the other hand, allies himself with the factions that support Austrian annexation of the newly conquered realms.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed. 
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. 
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. In 1730, Frances is declared Queen of Austria. In other news, anti-Bavarian sentiment rises as more and more Austrians call for the annexation of Tyrol and Venezia.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Frances is declared as Queen of Venezia in 1750. In following the example of her grandfather King Leopold II, Queen Frances initiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. Frances I also launches a propaganda campaign in Venice. Her ministers in Venice villify decades of Spanish hegemony, and depict the efforts of Hispanicization in Italy as akin to genocide and the forced destruction of the Italian peoples. Furthermore, in an effort to lower anti-Bavarian sentiment in Venice, royal ministers depict the Bavarians as a benevolent aide, while the Croatians are displayed as marauding bandits and murderers who are responsible for the destruction the city is facing. These tactics, aiming to condemn the Spanish and elevate the Bavarians and Italians, is somewhat effective. Most living in the region care little of the causation of their misery, and only that it dissipates quickly. Seeing this development, the Deutsche Diet agree to pay for 40% of all expenses in Venezia, and lower the taxes in Venezia by a substantial amount. This tactic brings a much more welcome response. In military news, 4,500 Bavarian and Austrian troops are left stationed in Venezia in case any violent uprising occurs.
    • Duchy of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Duke Edmund I, aged 53, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Edmund I's children are: Edmund (born 1718), Eleanor (born 1722), Albert-Maria (born 1722), Johann (born 1728) Klara (born 1733), and Johanna-Klarice (born 1736). Prince Edmund is married to Baroness Claramond von Augustin.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Hector I, aged 24, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary.  Franz-Hector marries Matilde DuBarry in 1754.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • New Austria: The colony of Nei Österreich is established in 1750. The colony stretches from the borders of New Bavaria in the north, to the new French colonies in the south. Most of Nei Österreich is composed of primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanic colonists. Colonists from Nei Baiern are encouraged to settle in Nei Österreich. 
    • New Swabia: The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself. 
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400.000 hundred troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.  The loyalist declares war to the Rhenish rioters.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.  The kingdom declares war to the Rhenish rioters.
    • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig asks a diplomatic meeting with Pskov, Croatia and Poland's leadership within the city.
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.

1757

The Polish szclahta organizes itself and nearly unanimously declares seccession from Croatia. Although they do not plan to attack Croatia, they will attempt to defend themselves from any attacks. (Scores: 10 Mil, 10 Eco, 10 Infra; undoubled) Happy birthday, Sky!

Everyone wish him a happy birthday or you get teh revolts.

MP's just kidding, you're getting revolts either way -Sky

  • Nubia: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Our military continues to expand 100 px southwest. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. Now that Nubia is unified, we continue to centralize the nation. Due to revolts The border control team continues to watch the borders carefully, because of what is happening in Yemen and because we do not want Ethiopia to attack us.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. New Mecklenburg in Australia expands by 750px. Trade with the natives of the Schwerin (Hawaiian) islands and New Rugia (New Zealand) continues. Duke Friedrich IV makes a visit to Galicia, where he rules as Duke Fredrick I. He makes several appearances, promoting the Galician language and culture, especially following the suppression of it during the rule of Spain.
  • Empire of Japan: The military/economy is built up. Horiyōshi Yokohama III, late one night, decides to engage in intercourse with one of his courtwomen. However, getting overly exited and aroused, he suffers a heart attack from exhaustion. His son, Yamamota Yokohama IV, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarchs rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised apon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. After exploring north for a couple years to find alternate trade different from Hispania, Japanese and Ainu merchants make first contact with the Kiamukut Band on the Alaskan coast. The merchants did not understand the Inuits well, but they were escorted by fishers to the Grand Chief. As a sign if friendship between them, the merchants offer many gifts to him, being given Inuit food, cloth, shelter, and warmth in return. Because of this, troops are sent into the war against the Ming. A few Japanese settlers, looking to become the first contenders in the Alaskan trade, travel north to establish a colony on OTL St Lawrence Island. Ainu is annexed into Japan, in which a feast is held for both of the leaders of the two nations. However, Yamamoto Yokohama IV, afraid of losing trading rights in Kiatumgutai, sends a diplomat to the Tartary asking for trading rights in where they have settled. Meanwhile, Yamamoto Yokohama IV adopts a 12 year old Manchu boy, to show the people how much he cares about his empire. Vassalation of the Kiamikgut Band is halted due to the war with Hispania. With Vietnam revolting with more than anticipated power and as a sudden surprise, Emperor Yamamoto Yokohama IV orders a fiat to his military advisors, telling all troops to withdraw from Vietnam and to go to Biak, where they will be reasigned to a different location within the next year. All Shinto Vietnamese people's are offered to come to Japan and its empire, as long as they take a quiz on the basic faith of Shinto. After a long talk between the Manchu Rebels and their leader, Japan and Manchuria decide to part ways, seeing that the Great Manchu Empire hasn't been profiting for the empire as much as it used to. Seeing that almost all of the military is in Heinan, close to the Yue, an Invasion of the rest of the island and of OTL Hong Kong and Macau is taken, to rid of all Spanish people's and to establish more trade with the Wu in the South China Sea. (Can someone do the algo please? I am busy Irl atm.)
    • Japanese Manchuria (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 9 larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs. As the economy begins to drop with fewer Chinese and Spanish merchants coming in Yamamoto Yokohama IV asks the Chinese Warlord states X and Y to defend China in the case of any non-local emerging power rises in the area. To spice up the deal, Japan-Manchuria offers 70 lbs of Silver to every state that joins, with economic bonuses coming long term.
    • Formosa (Vassal of Japan): The military/economy is built up. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Shanghai until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, a European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Qingdao until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, a European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Heinan until 1775, mostly because of the huge armies coming into Heinan, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, a European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come and defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island.
    • Kiatumgutai: As the new Alaskan market opens up, about eight more people flock to the area to try to make money in the area. The colony expands by 5 px.
  • Inca-Vorlayacor Union: With the death of Apeac III, the nations of Tawatinsuyu and Vorlayacor fall into a Personal Union. The Andean Monarchy remains in control of Tawatinsuyu and her Vassals.  The Population of Tawatinsuyu hits roughly ten million, while the Population of Vorlayacor hits 2.5 million (Feud informed me of an epidemic that leveled the population of the Nation, so this seems about right). Military, economy and navy are improved. Cuzco Remains the largest City in the nation, with roughly 170,000 people. Nov Xoryan also experinces growth under the Union, with a population of about 50,000. Other Cities include Peru, Machu Picchu, Chimor, Sican, New Burgandy, Duetchburg,Wari, and Machitonis. Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the poltical ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. The Inca also begin to invest in Vorlayacor, encouraging the movement of Inca people into the nation to aid in recovery from the last empidemic. Both Buenos Dias and Buenos Noches are built up, each having around 1000 people. Military training between the two nations begins, with an active military of 90,000 and 100,000 in reserve. Navy is also built up, with the navy expanding to accomadate more ships.
    • Empire du Chimor: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly four million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Anca II takes the throne as the lesser king, and confirms his subjugation to the Inca.
    • Empire du Chiribaya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chiribaya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly four million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Empire du Collaquyimbya: Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Collaquyimbya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 400,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve.
    • Viceroyalty of Chile: Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population over one million, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region. The City of Buenos Tardes is founded as the nations new capital.
    • Domain of Tiwanaku: Formally a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 150,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Spanish still makes up a majority in the region, though French and Inca cultures also grow. The City of Aymara is founded as a capital of the nation.
  • Uruguay: We continue to build up our nation's infrastructure and economy. The government encourages the various ethnic groups to continue to develop, and allow them to continue practicing their culture and laws as long as they do not violate national laws. Slavery is legal in the case of repayment for crimes and loans, but otherwise it is outlawed to prevent people from being taken advantage of.
    • Uruguay Dip: We offer Buenos Aries, Chile, and Pantagonia an alliance.
    • Inca Dip: Offers an alliance to Uruguay.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • New Austria (Colony of Bavaria): The economy and military improve. The mountainside cities, especially New Vienna, expand rapidly, with new businesses for refining and manufacturing appearing routinely. A professional army is continually trained at the University of New Vienna, while its constructed. The forts are also expanded, and new artillery are manufactured. A fleet of merchant ships are constructed, along with a couple of caravels and frigates. Relations between Hispanics and Germans improve as intercity trade develops, and the elementary schools encourage children to learn both Spanish and German. Diplomats are sent to the French colonies, establishing mutual trade relations and asking the 40th Parallel to be recognized as our border. Traders begin to travel down the Tancha River (OTL Eel River), and into the French colonies. In the north, the colony expands northeast 800 miles along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River), as far as Lake Frances (OTL Lake Louise). A trading post, called Santiago, is established near this lake.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus' continue to expand their road network through the nation.
  • I can't really force you to make larger posts, but for the sake of flavour and eye-candy, at least make a base post you can copy-paste. -Sky
  • Wu: Our troops still in action to topple Yue for a Wu vassal. The infrastructure is built, the economy and military improved in solid memory.
  • Kingdom of Tibet: Tibet continues to improve its economy and build up its military. Some farms and cities are built, more Buddhist are built and roads are improved. Massive military built ups occurs and the Tibetan population continues to grow faster as 500,000 people is added every five years to defend its country from incoming invaders. Tibet declares war on Yunnan, as king of Tibet ties to conquer more lands and expend its Tibetan Empire. Tibetan troops attack and conquer a few Yunnan villages in northern Yunnan.
    • Chutiya: Chutiya continues to improve its economy and build up its military. Some farms and cities are built, more Buddhist are built and roads are improved.
    • Nepal: Nepal continues to improve its economy and build up its military. Some farms and cities are built, more Buddhist are built and roads are improved.
  • The Nehilaw continue to modernize and advance their interests, as do all vassals. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casino, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. With the Winnebago (wrong nation before) having refused to even respond to the Nehilaw request for a royal marriage, the High Sachem decides it is time to use the formidable Nehilaw military and demonstrate that the Nehilaw will not be trifled with. 25,000 men, supplied with siege guns, move over the border with the Winnebago nation, supported by all Nehilaw vassals.
  • Flag of Mansuriya Sultunate (Principia Moderni III Map Game)Mansuriya Sultanate: The military of Mansuriya continues to be modernized, with new weapons and military tactics being adopted. This has the goal of bringing it on par with its neighbor the Damascan Sultanate, and eventually surpassing them. We contact the Roman Empire inquiring about purchasing a significant number of blue water trade, war, and exploration ships. This is so that the Mansuriya Navy can gain blue water capability and project power into the surrounding seas. We also contact the Roman Empire about purchasing a significant number of cutting edge Roman gunpowder weaponry for our army, as well as the training required to utilize them. This is so that we gain an advantage over our neighbors if combat were to ever arise. the Sultanate expands into the disorganized lands in northern Arabia, and it is expected that they will be completely engulfed in two years time.
    • Flag of Egypt (1922–1958)Yemen: The military of Yemen is integrated into the military of the Sultanate. This places all offensive and defensive capabilities of Yemen directly in the hands of the Sultanate. Mansuriyan officers replace the Yemeni officers within the officer class, increasing Mansuriyan control further. The public reason for this is closer relations between the two states, however behind closed doors the reason cited is mainly to prevent any future rebellions by Yemen, as without a military and rebellions will be civilian based and therefore easily subjugated. Yemen expands into the disorganized lands to its north, and it is expected that they will be completely engulfed in two more years.
  • County of Oldenburg: Oldenburg holds its first elections for the Landtag since the reforms of last year. Thousands more men can vote than ever could before. Of course, many, many still can't, and the lack of a secret ballot makes voter intimidation/bribing an issue, but the election is still deemed a success by the moderate reformists. The really radical Radicals argue that the reforms, whilst a step in the right direction, do not go far enough. In other news, Neu Norderney expands 2000px up the coast. 
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once cooperated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The adminisstrative reform continues. The government attempts to reclaim Poland.
    • Polish Voivodeship (Poljsko Vojvodstvo): The Polish Voivodeship grows relatively independently, although a part of the personal union, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Voivode is elected by it while the Archvoivode only confirms him. The issue within Poland are attempted to be handled, and for now things are peaceful again, although some nobles still seem to be plotting something.
    • Czech Voivodeship (Češko Vojvodstvo): The Voivodeship recovers from the Idiocracy's rule and many nobles gain more power in the nation.
    • Silesian Voivodeship (Šlezijsko Vojvodstvo): The Voivodeship's natural resources are highly sought in the rest of the nations with which is connected, which leads to economic growth. The Silesian cultural movement flourishes with aid of the Croats, who aim to make Silesia a region independent from both Poland and the Czechia.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon, and Mexaco are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. With the changing political calculus in Kiev and the Tatary, Roman and Gothic officials begin constructing border defenses along the Gothic-Tatary border. In addition, the Empire requests trade agreements and a military base in Volayacor.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1757, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Frances I, aged 56, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In political news, Frances I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg, and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Queen's children are: Franz-Hector (born 1732), Joan (born 1735), and Anne (born 1741, married to Wolfgang von Habsburg in 1751). The Queen's siblings are: former King Albert V (born 1694, died 1742), and Friedrich-Rudolf (born 1704). The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Prince Friedrich-Rudolf is married to Princess Mari of Brittany. Concerning Venezia, Queen Frances and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In economic news, the economy is in tatters after the war. While nowhere near the level of destruction as faced by the Spanish economy, the Bavarian economy is still majorly shaken after the war. Trade dips in 1750 and a long recession begins as inflation rises and poverty increases. In other news, Austrian continue congregating in the Deutsche Diet, arousing the suspicion of their Bavarian counterparts. Their meetings are in secret, and the more extreme Bavarian parliamentarians accuse them of treason and plotting to overthrow the government. Regardless of parliamentary strife and polarization, the meetings continue to occur. Bavarian fugititives Frederick and Maria-Amalia von Croÿ-Habsburg continue to seek safe-haven in Westphalia. In Austrian news, with the economy remaining volatile,  the Croÿ crisis encourages extremist pro-Austrians and the call for the Austrian annexation of Tyrol, Salzburg, and Venezia continues to grow louder. More demonstrations occur in 1753 alone then in the past twenty-five years. Violence becomes a problem as well as numerous peasant and commoner mobs frequently engage Bavarian police and guardsmen. The Deutsche Diet authorize the deployment of 2500 troops in November to enter Vienna and attempt to quell the sitation. The deployment only agitates the mobs and leads to greater unrest and instability. The Diet holds back on sending any more troops to Venezia or Vienna. Austrian parliamentarians become more extreme than before. Felix Manzkari, once the leader of the pro-Austrian faction, is now regarded as a light-weight, Bavarian puppet for his accusations against Frederick von Croÿ. Croÿ, living in the village of Lich, observes the Austrian situation eagerly. Croÿ-Habsburg continues fashioning himself as the true Bavarian King, while the majority of Austria supports him. The Kingdom of Austria edges closer and closer to open rebellion as many acts of dissent and anti-Bavarianism become totally commonplace. In 1757, many begin declaring the Kingdom of Bavaria as illegal occupiers of Austrian land. Flat-out rebellion is extremely likely, and Queen Frances I deploys 4,000 troops to Austria in addition to the 2,500 troops sent a few years ago. Pretenders Frederick and Maria-Amalia continually use the Austrian dissent to their own advantage, with their support reaching a record high. Their military support is great as well, and the Deutsche Diet fear an invasion from the two is imminent. 1757 closes with no invasion, but with ever-growing instability in Austria.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. 
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 251 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue being constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria. Frances of Bavaria continues to give support to Austrian parliamentarians. Ferdinand von Ingschaft, in an address to the Curia Austria, petitions Frances I to create a dual Bavaro-Austrian parliament. 
    • Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Felix Manzkari continues supporting of Austrian annexation of Tyrol and Venezia. The Diet observes the unrest brewing in Austria, but no parliamentarian suggests anything that could agitate the situation further. Manzkari, on the other hand, allies himself with the factions that support Austrian annexation of the newly conquered realms.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed. 
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. 
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. In 1730, Frances is declared Queen of Austria. In other news, anti-Bavarian sentiment rises as more and more Austrians call for the annexation of Tyrol and Venezia. The sentiment explodes into mass dissent starting in 1756.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Frances is declared as Queen of Venezia in 1750. In following the example of her grandfather King Leopold II, Queen Frances initiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. Frances I also launches a propaganda campaign in Venice. Her ministers in Venice villify decades of Spanish hegemony, and depict the efforts of Hispanicization in Italy as akin to genocide and the forced destruction of the Italian peoples. Furthermore, in an effort to lower anti-Bavarian sentiment in Venice, royal ministers depict the Bavarians as a benevolent aide, while the Croatians are displayed as marauding bandits and murderers who are responsible for the destruction the city is facing. These tactics, aiming to condemn the Spanish and elevate the Bavarians and Italians, is somewhat effective. Most living in the region care little of the causation of their misery, and only that it dissipates quickly. Seeing this development, the Deutsche Diet agree to pay for 40% of all expenses in Venezia, and lower the taxes in Venezia by a substantial amount. This tactic brings a much more welcome response. In military news, 4,500 Bavarian and Austrian troops are left stationed in Venezia in case any violent uprising occurs.
    • Duchy of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Duke Edmund I, aged 54, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Edmund I's children are: Edmund (born 1718), Eleanor (born 1722), Albert-Maria (born 1722), Johann (born 1728) Klara (born 1733), and Johanna-Klarice (born 1736). Prince Edmund is married to Baroness Claramond von Augustin.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Hector I, aged 25, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary.  Franz-Hector marries Matilde DuBarry in 1754.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. 
    • New Austria: The colony of Nei Österreich is established in 1750. The colony stretches from the borders of New Bavaria in the north, to the new French colonies in the south. Most of Nei Österreich is composed of primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanic colonists. Colonists from Nei Baiern are encouraged to settle in Nei Österreich. 
    • New Swabia: The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself. 
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.The king is outrage, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal!,In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400.000 hundred troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.  The loyalist declares war to the Rhenish rioters.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.  The kingdom declares war to the Rhenish rioters.
    • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig asks a diplomatic meeting with Pskov, Croatia and Poland's leadership within the city.
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.  Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.

1758

The Kiatagmutai revolt against the Japanese in order to reestablish the old ways. (Popular, 8 Mil, 5 Eco, 7 Infra)

The Kingdom of Lanzhou revolts from the Manchu Empire as the Xi’an Kingdom and enters a personal union with the Jin to ensure its safety. (Xi’an scores: 8 Mil, 10 Eco, 7 Infra; Jin scores: 10 Mil, 8 Eco, 7 Infra)

Poland declares that it now has an expansionist agenda, and will strike out at nearby nations if they appear weak or embroiled in conflict. When this situation occurs, Poland will scores as follows. (Scores: 10 Mil, 10 Eco, 10 Infra; undoubled)

New Spain begins to win ground against the British and the Dutch. The British suffer some losses, while the center of the Dutch territory is embroiled in rebellion.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. New Mecklenburg in Australia expands by 750px. In New Rugia, the process of fortifying Sohpiastadt (Nelson, New Zealand), now a busy trading center between Hamburg and its Moari allies, begins with strengthening the palisade around the settlement. An Alliance with Prussia and Lithuania is requested. (Mod response please)
  • Prussia accepts and asks to be reintroduced to the HRE, while Lithuania rejects the offer.
  • Nubia: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Our military continues to expand 100 px southwest. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. Now that Nubia is unified, we continue to centralize the nation. Due to revolts The border control team continues to watch the borders carefully, because of what is happening in Yemen and because we do not want Ethiopia to attack us.
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. Independence was declared from the Empire of Japan. As this happened, an end to the forceful spread of Shinto was declared and all those that refused to reconvert from Shinto were executed. Meanwhile, in a showcase of power; Emperor Shinji Hiraku attacks Jin and Lanzhou and sent seige weapons. . [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Lanzhou: With the conquest of Lanzhou, a local leadership is set up. The people are treated with mercy, and all the positions that were held prior to the war would still be held. With the exception of nobles and the royal family, which, however, were to be replaced. Much more modern weaponry was flowed into Lanzhou and a militia consisting of 5000 men was established to look after the state security. With a rebellion taking place, soldiers are sent from all over the Empire to defeat both the Lanzhou usurpers and Jin Empire. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisen-Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisen-Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. [Mil/Eco Turn]
  • Empire of Japan: The military/economy is built up. Horiyōshi Yokohama III, late one night, decides to engage in intercourse with one of his courtwomen. However, getting overly exited and aroused, he suffers a heart attack from exhaustion. His son, Yamamota Yokohama IV, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarchs rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised apon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. After exploring north for a couple years to find alternate trade different from Hispania, Japanese and Ainu merchants make first contact with the Kiamukut Band on the Alaskan coast. The merchants did not understand the Inuits well, but they were escorted by fishers to the Grand Chief. As a sign if friendship between them, the merchants offer many gifts to him, being given Inuit food, cloth, shelter, and warmth in return. Because of this, troops are sent into the war against the Ming. A few Japanese settlers, looking to become the first contenders in the Alaskan trade, travel north to establish a colony on OTL St Lawrence Island. Ainu is annexed into Japan, in which a feast is held for both of the leaders of the two nations. However, Yamamoto Yokohama IV, afraid of losing trading rights in Kiatumgutai, sends a diplomat to the Tartary asking for trading rights in where they have settled. Meanwhile, Yamamoto Yokohama IV adopts a 12 year old Manchu boy, to show the people how much he cares about his empire. Vassalation of the Kiamikgut Band is halted due to the war with Hispania. With Vietnam revolting with more than anticipated power and as a sudden surprise, Emperor Yamamoto Yokohama IV orders a fiat to his military advisors, telling all troops to withdraw from Vietnam and to go to Biak, where they will be reasigned to a different location within the next year. All Shinto Vietnamese people's are offered to come to Japan and its empire, as long as they take a quiz on the basic faith of Shinto. After a long talk between the Manchu Rebels and their leader, Japan and Manchuria decide to part ways, seeing that the Great Manchu Empire hasn't been profiting for the empire as much as it used to. Seeing that almost all of the military is in Heinan, close to the Yue, an Invasion of the rest of the island and of OTL Hong Kong and Macau is taken, to rid of all Spanish people's and to establish more trade with the Wu in the South China Sea.
    • Japanese Manchuria (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 9 larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs. As the economy begins to drop with fewer Chinese and Spanish merchants coming in Yamamoto Yokohama IV asks the Chinese Warlord states X and Y to defend China in the case of any non-local emerging power rises in the area. To spice up the deal, Japan-Manchuria offers 70 lbs of Silver to every state that joins, with economic bonuses coming long term.
    • Formosa (Vassal of Japan): The military/economy is built up. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Shanghai until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, a European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Qingdao until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, a European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Heinan until 1775, mostly because of the huge armies coming into Heinan, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, a European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come and defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island.
    • Kiatumgutai: As the new Alaskan market opens up, about eight more people flock to the area to try to make money in the area. The colony expands by 5 px. The revolts are not taken lightly, and are fought against.
      • Japanese Diplomacy: Seeing prices in trade go from Papua, an offer is made to purchase OTL Polillo Island as a merchant Island and ready stop for ships on their way there.
      • French Diplomacy: we agree on selling the Polillo island to the Japanese diplomacy and wish to pursue an alliance to further its strength in the East Asian political environment and avoid possible overlapping of claims.
      • Japanese Diplomacy: Seeing that Japan has no allies other than the Dutch in the area, the alliance offer, after a long disscussion of Yamamoto Yokohama IV, agrees to the alliance request sent by France and wishes to estanlish closer realtions in the near-future.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus continue to expand their road network. This allows trade to flourish in the Kievan Rus, as a few Rus cities become important centers of trade. The Kievan Rus obtain considerable wealth from grain exports.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1758, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Frances I, aged 57, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In political news, Frances I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg, and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Queen's children are: Franz-Hector (born 1732), Joan (born 1735), and Anne (born 1741, married to Wolfgang von Habsburg in 1751). The Queen's siblings are: former King Albert V (born 1694, died 1742), and Friedrich-Rudolf (born 1704). The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Prince Friedrich-Rudolf is married to Princess Mari of Brittany. Concerning Venezia, Queen Frances and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In economic news, the economy is in tatters after the war. While nowhere near the level of destruction as faced by the Spanish economy, the Bavarian economy is still majorly shaken after the war. Trade dips in 1750 and a long recession begins as inflation rises and poverty increases. In other news, Austrian continue congregating in the Deutsche Diet, arousing the suspicion of their Bavarian counterparts. Their meetings are in secret, and the more extreme Bavarian parliamentarians accuse them of treason and plotting to overthrow the government. Regardless of parliamentary strife and polarization, the meetings continue to occur. Bavarian fugititives Frederick and Maria-Amalia von Croÿ-Habsburg continue to seek safe-haven in Westphalia. In Austrian news, with the economy remaining volatile,  the Croÿ crisis encourages extremist pro-Austrians and the call for the Austrian annexation of Tyrol, Salzburg, and Venezia continues to grow louder. More demonstrations occur in 1753 alone then in the past twenty-five years. Violence becomes a problem as well as numerous peasant and commoner mobs frequently engage Bavarian police and guardsmen. The Deutsche Diet authorize the deployment of 2500 troops in November to enter Vienna and attempt to quell the sitation. The deployment only agitates the mobs and leads to greater unrest and instability. The Diet holds back on sending any more troops to Venezia or Vienna. Austrian parliamentarians become more extreme than before. Felix Manzkari, once the leader of the pro-Austrian faction, is now regarded as a light-weight, Bavarian puppet for his accusations against Frederick von Croÿ. Croÿ, living in the village of Lich, observes the Austrian situation eagerly. Croÿ-Habsburg continues fashioning himself as the true Bavarian King, while the majority of Austria supports him. The Kingdom of Austria edges closer and closer to open rebellion as many acts of dissent and anti-Bavarianism become totally commonplace. In 1757, many begin declaring the Kingdom of Bavaria as illegal occupiers of Austrian land. Flat-out rebellion is extremely likely, and Queen Frances I deploys 4,000 troops to Austria in addition to the 2,500 troops sent a few years ago. Pretenders Frederick and Maria-Amalia continually use the Austrian dissent to their own advantage, with their support reaching a record high. Their military support is great as well, and the Deutsche Diet fear an invasion from the two is imminent. 1757 closes with no invasion, but with ever-growing instability in Austria. However, 1758 opens with a very flammable situation: On January 14, A batallion of disgruntled Bavarian soldiers march into the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna, throw out any Austrians in the building, and essentially perform a small sack upon the seat of the Curia Austria, additionally causing a small fire. Although the Curia Austria was not nearly as populated as it usually is, due to most Austrian politicians sitting at Augsburg, the act is still heavily condemned by most Austrians as an affront to their identity and liberty. In retalliation to the aptly named "Sack of the Curia" a large group of Austrian commoners and merchants locate the batallion on the streets of Vienna on January 16, and immediately begin harassing them. The harassment turns to brutal violence, and altough the soldiers try to protect themselves, they are overrun and beaten by the mob. A few are slaughtered, while the surviving soldiers flee to alert the Bavarian commander in nearby Stockerau, Adolph Clemenz. Clemenz, a relatively new commander who only served sparingly in the war on Spain, is unsure of what action to take. Ultimately, he orders a half of the newly sent 4,000 troops to enter Vienna and quell the situation, with force if necessary. He soon realizes his mistake. On January 18th, after the forces establish camp at Hofburg Palace, another, larger mob finds them. The mob, led by pure resentment and vitriol, enters the Palace, its grounds, and locale with the intent of assaulting the 2,000 strong army. Many die on each side, and the violence lasts for the rest of the day and into the night. The situation is worsened when Clemenz sends the remaining army into Vienna. January 20th is much less bloody, but considerably still violent, as a third of the extra troops are either killed or seriously wounded in the streets as urban warfare breaks out. The remaining 1,500 troops abandon the city and return to Stockerau. Clemenz does not order them back to Vienna, and instead sends word to Queen Frances I and the Deutsche Diet notifying them of the events that have transpired. By luck of speedy transport and good weather, the Queen receives the news in only four days. On January 24, she declares, by royal decree, that the city of Vienna is in open revolt from the Kingdom of Bavaria, and orders that all revolt leaders be arrested and immediately tried for treason. Of course, this order unfazes the Austrians, and they continue securing Vienna for themselves. All Bavarian soldiers within the city who do not surrender are murdered in various ways, such as decapitation, defenstration, and conflagaration. Bavarian soldiers that do submit are spared, but not before being harmed, verbally abused, and violently humilated before Austrian crowds. The situation is made unbelievably worse beginning on January 31, when the Deutsche Diet receives word of the events. Initially, for the first few days, both Bavarian and Austrians are equally shocked at the events. A declaration of rebellion is easily drafted and passed, however, as February dawns, the situation sours. On February 6, many of the more extreme Austrian parliamentarians flat out declare their allegiance for the Viennese revolters and sever their allegiance with the Queen. These handful of parliamentarians are kicked out by Bavarian and the more moderate Austrians. This reveals a glaring problem, both in Austria and even the top levels of Bavarian government. Unity is absent. Naturally, the Bavarians are mostly unified against the revolters, but it is the Austrian government which is sorely split. The more extremist politicians flock to Vienna, while the remaining moderates are left in Augsburg to bicker in a nearly collapsed Deutsche Diet. By Valentine's Day, the Austrian revolt has effectively begun. Adolph Clemenz retreats Stockerau as the Viennese revolters, now strengthened by mercenary groups and parliamentary leadership, push past Vienna. Clemenz, while definitely outnumbered, masters the skill of retreating, and successfully flees Austria while dodging any major battle. He arrives in Munich in late February and sends updated news to the Queen. By early March, much to the Queen's fear and chagrin, the situation is dire for Bavaria: Much of Austria, as far west as Linz, is under rebel control. Bavarian and pro-Bavarian forces have been totally destroyed. Their various forts, and thus the weaponry and armor within those forts, have been stolen and equipped by the revolters. On March 11, the remaining Bavarian and Austrian parliamentarians in Augsburg declare the Deutsche Diet suspended. They then pack their things and relocate to Landshut, where they resume their work at the old Parliamentary Palace of the Curia Bavaria. Fortunately for Queen Frances I, the Austrian rebels halt their expansion just outside of Linz, and begin recovering from exhaustion, attriton, and equipment decay they procured over the past two months. After those two months of meteoric expansion, the Austrian revolt slows to a halt. However, they are still just as fierce and warrior-like as they were in January, an easily realized fact which prevents neither the Queen nor Clemenz from sending any more troops. The situation remains shaky from mid-March to early April. The Curia Bavaria work on updating the military of Bavaria in light of the revolt, and consider passing a country-wide military draft applying to all able-bodied men. On April 3, the government of Salzburg, within the borders of the Kingdom of Bavaria, officially pledges allegiance to the Austrian rebellion and declare Queen Frances to be a pretender and false leader, instead inviting the Von Croÿ-Habsburgs to rule Bavaria. All of Austria is effectively under the control of the rebellion, while Frederick von Croÿ-Habsburg is overjoyed at the chain of events. After preparing for the remainder of April, Frederick declares war on Queen Frances on May 1 and mobilizes his mostly Hessian army of volunteers and mercenaries. Frederick and Maria-Amalia enter Bavaria the following week. Over the course of May, Frederick's forces lay siege to Würzburg and Erfurt, eventually earning control of the regions by mid-year. The various peoples of the cities, being defeated, pledge fealty to Frederick and Maria-Amalia. Everything seems to go well for Frederick until late June, when Queen Frances I orders 7,500 troops to storm through northern Bavaria and push back the Pretenders. This proves to be a wise move, as the Austrian rebellion, while energized by the war in the north, is still mostly worn out and not willing to launch any expeditions into the rest of Bavaria. The 7,500 troops inflict large damage on Frederick's forces and cause him to retreat further northwards, back to the Bavarian-Westphalian border. The siege of Würzburg is quickly lifted, but many indecisive battles occur in Thuringia where Frederick is strongest. The front remains steady outside the city of Coburg as Frederick decides to expand into Brandenburg and Pomerania. In response to this, Duke Edmund I dons armor and becomes one of the first Dukes or Margraves from Berlin to don armor in centuries. The Duke fights several battles around Brandenburg, including the large Battle of Leipzig, which he is victorious in, and the Battle of Dresden. However, the aging Edmund grows weary, and coupled with a spate of defeats in August, dies of exhaustion after taking a brief reprieve in the city of Potsdam. His son succeeds him as Edmund II and is faced with a large army hastily approaching Berlin, and his own scattered, war-weary army in jumbles. Edmund II decides to reinforce Berlin as much as possible to prolong any future siege. This said siege begins on September 22, with Frederick's army surrounding the city. Luckily, Queen Frances I is able to send a few batallions to Berlin via the sea. She is able to use the ports of still-loyal Venice to transport troops from the Mediterranean, around the Atlantic and North Sea, and dock at the ports of Pomerania. Obviously, this takes a long time, and by the time 5,000 troops reach Berlin, it is a city in shambles. Luckily, the siege is lifted when Frederick is defeated and once more pushed back, this time to Wittenberg. The Queen also sends 2,500 troops to Stettin, as well as a large bodyguard to protect her son, Duke Franz-Hector of Pomerania. During the months of October and November, the fronts remain static. In Austria, the rebellion only expands slowly, as a stronger administrative and military structure is developed within the rebellion to enable it to withstand Bavarian forces. The Austrian politicians who joined the rebellion also create a solid hierarchy and leadership. Despite its success in Brandenburg, the Bavarian army is quite literally in tatters, with fighting forces barely holding up either in the north, or in Munich. Austrians occupy all of Austria as well as Salzburg, while the Pretenders occupy a ribbon of land stretching from Wittenberg to Coburg. Many more continue to see Frederick and Maria-Amalia as the true leaders of Bavaria, due to their apparent military success and Queen Frances's failure to handle rebellions. The Deutsche Diet is gone, with any hope for a strong legislature resting in an ill-equipped, old parliament house in Landshut. By year-end, the situation is looking incredibly bleak for the Bavarian crown. Felix Manzkari, now a close advisor to the Queen, comments on the whole situation, "It must be something in the soil, or perhaps in the water, that caused about such ferocity and cunning in the Viennese people. The Pretender Frederick now marches through the north with little an army to bother him." Manzkari's comments spread around the court of Trausnitz and soon into most of Bavaria. Soon, most people simply refer to the rebellion and Frederick's War as "It must be something in the soil." and the variation of "It must be something in the water."
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. Bavarians and Austrians who remain loyal to Frances I establish their headquarters in the old parliamentary house.
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 251 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue being constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria. Frances of Bavaria continues to give support to Austrian parliamentarians. Ferdinand von Ingschaft, in an address to the Curia Austria, petitions Frances I to create a dual Bavaro-Austrian parliament. The Curia Austria is transferred to the Austrian rebels and serves as a main base for their operations.
    • Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Felix Manzkari continues supporting of Austrian annexation of Tyrol and Venezia. The Diet observes the unrest brewing in Austria, but no parliamentarian suggests anything that could agitate the situation further. Manzkari, on the other hand, allies himself with the factions that support Austrian annexation of the newly conquered realms. The Deutsche Diet is suspended following the outbreak of rebellion in Austria
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed. 
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. 
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. In 1730, Frances is declared Queen of Austria. In other news, anti-Bavarian sentiment rises as more and more Austrians call for the annexation of Tyrol and Venezia. The sentiment explodes into mass dissent starting in 1756. In 1758, the population of Vienna breaks into open rebellion, and by year end control all of Austria, plus Salzburg.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Frances is declared as Queen of Venezia in 1750. In following the example of her grandfather King Leopold II, Queen Frances initiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. Frances I also launches a propaganda campaign in Venice. Her ministers in Venice villify decades of Spanish hegemony, and depict the efforts of Hispanicization in Italy as akin to genocide and the forced destruction of the Italian peoples. Furthermore, in an effort to lower anti-Bavarian sentiment in Venice, royal ministers depict the Bavarians as a benevolent aide, while the Croatians are displayed as marauding bandits and murderers who are responsible for the destruction the city is facing. These tactics, aiming to condemn the Spanish and elevate the Bavarians and Italians, is somewhat effective. Most living in the region care little of the causation of their misery, and only that it dissipates quickly. Seeing this development, the Deutsche Diet agree to pay for 40% of all expenses in Venezia, and lower the taxes in Venezia by a substantial amount. This tactic brings a much more welcome response. In military news, 4500 Bavarian and Austrian troops are left stationed in Venezia in case any violent uprising occurs. Venezia remains loyal to Queen Frances I in the face of the Austrian rebellion and Frederick's invasion.
    • Duchy of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Duke Edmund I, aged 55, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Edmund I's children are: Edmund (born 1718), Eleanor (born 1722), Albert-Maria (born 1722), Johann (born 1728) Klara (born 1733), and Johanna-Klarice (born 1736). Prince Edmund is married to Baroness Claramond von Augustin. Many battles are fought in Brandenburg as Frederick invades. Edmund I, valiantly donning armor, wins a nice collection of battles, but sadly dies in Potsdam after he succumbs to exhaustion. His forty year old son succeeds him as Edmund II and is able to lift the siege of Berlin for the time being.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Hector I, aged 26, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary.  Franz-Hector marries Matilde DuBarry in 1754. Franz-Hector receives 2500 troops and an extra 500 guards from his mother in the face of Frederick's invasion.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. News of the Austrian rebellion reaches Borealia. Many colonial Austrians are delighted at the notion of Austrian resurgence, and consistently poke fun at their Bavarian relatives, but ultimately, the situation is of little concern to them, as both groups live in relatively harmonious economic and social equilibrium.
    • New Austria: The colony of Nei Österreich is established in 1750. The colony stretches from the borders of New Bavaria in the north, to the new French colonies in the south. Most of Nei Österreich is composed of primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanic colonists. Colonists from Nei Baiern are encouraged to settle in Nei Österreich. 
    • New Swabia: The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself. 
    • New Austria (Colony of Bavaria): The economy and military improve. The mountainside cities, especially New Vienna, expand rapidly, with new businesses for refining and manufacturing appearing routinely. A professional army is continually trained at the University of New Vienna, while its constructed. The forts are also expanded, and new artillery are manufactured. A fleet of merchant ships are constructed, along with a couple of caravels and frigates. Relations between Hispanics and Germans improve as intercity trade develops, and the elementary schools encourage children to learn both Spanish and German. Diplomats are sent to the french colonies, establishing mutual trade relations and asking the 40th Parallel to be recognized as our border. Traders begin to travel down the Tancha River (OTL Eel River), and into the French colonies. In the north, the colony expands northeast 1200 km along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River), as far as Lake Frances (OTL Lake Louise). A trading post, called Santiago, is established near this lake.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • Inca Empire: With the death of Apeac III, the nations of Tawatinsuyu and Vorlayacor fall into a Personal Union. The Andean Monarchy remains in control of Tawatinsuyu and her Vassals.  The Population of Tawatinsuyu hits roughly ten million. Military, economy and navy are improved. Cuzco Remains the largest City in the nation, with roughly 170,000 people. Nov Xoryan also experinces growth under the Union, with a population of about 50,000. Other Cities include Peru, Machu Picchu, Chimor, Sican, New Burgandy, Duetchburg,and Wari. Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the poltical ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. The Inca also begin to invest in Vorlayacor, encouraging the movement of Inca people into the nation to aid in recovery from the last empidemic. Buenos Noches are built up, each having around 1000 people. Military training between the two nations begins, with an active military of 90,000 and 100,000 in reserve. Navy is also built up, with the navy expanding to accomadate more ships. We ask to purchase arms from the Roman Empire.
      • Empire du Chimor (Vassal of the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly four million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Anca II takes the throne as the lesser king, and confirms his subjugation to the Inca.  Military stands at 65,000 active men and 80,000 in reserve.
      • Empire du Chiribaya (Personal Union With the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chiribaya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly four million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Military stands at 60,000 active and 75,000 in reserve
      • Empire du Collaquyimbya (Vassal of the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Collaquyimbya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 400,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Military stands at 10,000 irregulars
      • Viceroyalty of Chile (Vassal of the Inca):  Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population over one million, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Inca and French culture make up a majority of the nation.The City of Buenos Tardes is founded as the nations new capitalMilitary stands at 15,000 regulars and 10,000 irregulars.
      • Domain of Tiwanaku (Vassal of the Inca):  Formally a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 150,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. French and Inca cultures also grow. The City of Aymara is founded as a capital of the nation. MIlitary stands at 6000 men.
      • Vorlayacor (Personal Union with the Inca): Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor, further deepening the political ties between the two nations. Miltiary, Economy, and Navy Improve. Nov Xoryan also experinces growth under the Union, with a population of about 50,000. The population hits 2.5 million people, seeing growth with an increase of Inca Aid. Buenos Dias grows further, hitting about 2000 people.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400.000 hundred troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The loyalist declares war to the Rhenish rioters.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The kingdom declares war to the Rhenish rioters.
    • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig asks a diplomatic meeting with Pskov, Croatia and Poland's leadership within the city.
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • Kingdom of Italy: An Italian noble family by the name of Deluca, who once cooperated with the Romans in ages past, has been chosen to be the royal family of Italy. The leading member of the family, Dario, has been coronated as the King of Italy. Most properties formerly belonging to the Spanish royal family is confiscated and granted to the Delucas for their own personal use, while some of it being divided into small pieces of land and given to the poor. Roman forces are garrisoned in Italy to help the new administration govern the land and enforce its new laws. Both the Imperial government and the Italian nobles focus on important cities like Naples, Rome, Florence, Ravenna, Ancona, Bari, and Palermo, realizing that building loyalty and holding those cities are the key to maintaining Italy. Roman military forces train and supply the local Italian forces, many of whom are made up of former Italian soldiers under the Spanish Empire and Italian rebels during the war. As such, integration within the military is difficult and will take some time. The Romans also help with rebuilding damaged military infrastructure and fortifications across Italy. Most of Tuscany, Latium, and Naples are under the administration of the Italian government, and those regions remain the core of Italian administration and power. Italy also starts building a small military, aimed to aid the larger, parent Roman navy when in times of need. Rome, and the other Italian cities also grow at a good rate.
  • In Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections.The construction of new ships and the purchase of foreign weaponry continues. The government issues bonds to help stabilize the federal economy. Meanwhile, the Assembly seeks to formally establish relations with BavariaWestphalia-Netherlands, and Britannia independent of the Treaty of Toledo. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • Wu: The troops finished toppling the Yue, which means they won a war. The economy expands. Now the Yue become the vassal of Wu. (Let me note if I can take Yue to make them a Wu vassal)
  • You can do either. But personally, I think it would be better we begin by cutting down the vassals. Although if you do want it to be a vassal, I suggest taking some land and leaving the rest as a vassal -Sky
  • Umm ... I either want to take some land and leave as the rest as a vassal. So that's my plan.
  • Kingdom of Tibet: Tibet continues to improve its economy and build up its military. Some farms and cities are built, more Buddhist are built and roads are improved. Massive military built ups occur and the Tibetan population continues to grow faster as 500,000 people is added every five years to defend its country from incoming invaders. Tibet continues its war on Yunnan (ALGO NEEDED), as king of Tibet ties to conquer more lands and expend its Tibetan Empire. Tibetan troops attack and conquer a few Yunnan villages in northern Yunnan.
    • Chutiya: Chutiya continues to improve its economy and build up its military. Some farms and cities are built, more Buddhist are built and roads are improved.
    • Nepal: Nepal continues to improve its economy and build up its military. Some farms and cities are built, more Buddhist are built and roads are improved.
  • Start the algo yourself, then the mods will check it. Furthermore, one of the mods calculated your estimated growth rate to be around 42,000 a year, just as an FYI. 
  • Tartary: The nation experiences a brief increase in Siberian expansion this year, led by the agricultural peoples of the Volga or the emigrant Turks, as well as a wave of Sakha and Ket expansion along the main rivers. Much of the northern half of the Yenisey and Lena Rivers is already in Tatar hands, while the Ob is entirely under control of the Emperor. We continue exploring and expanding east. The military also begins to be modernised. This turn is dedicated to economic expansion.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to economic. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St Patriksburg is expanded, with a large kremlin and port being constructed.
  • Poland: The new government feeds off of the anger and nationalism that has spawned after years of rule by other countries. Many point to the nation that once was, and look at the new state to the north, a long lost strip of land that would give them access to the sea. War is declared on Prussia , and the government focuses on growing the new military and trading with surrounding nations. begins building a road network
  • The Nehilaw continue to modernize and advance their interests, as do all vassals. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casino, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The campaign against the Winnebago comes to an end in their ultimate defeat this year. Seeking to reduce nationalist sentiment in the south, the Nehilaw unite the vassals of Odawa and Mackinac with the Winnebago to form a new Chiefdom of Odawa. The great-grandson of Balthasar Mistahi, who is also half Odawa, is proclaimed Chief of the new state, which receives two seats in the Council of Sachems.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The adminisstrative reform continues. The government fails to reclaim Poland.
    • Czech Voivodeship (Češko Vojvodstvo): The Voivodeship recovers from the Idiocracy's rule and many nobles gain more power in the nation.
    • Silesian Voivodeship (Šlezijsko Vojvodstvo): The Voivodeship's natural resources are highly sought in the rest of the nations with which is connected, which leads to economic growth. The Silesian cultural movement flourishes with aid of the Croats, who aim to make Silesia a region independent from both Poland and the Czechia.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. After almost two years of conversations, the Grand Senate, now short many members, agrees that given poland's recent declarations, them doing nothing will make them look weak, and the fact that the colloquially-named "unholy" alliance is re-instituting serfdom must not stand. Einzbern makes a clear stance, and fully mobilizes the nation with siege engines to "re-institute democracic order against this illegal coup d'etat". This creates a spike in his popularity. The Hohenzollerns and many others have fled to the rest of the union after the coup, and set up governments-in exile. Some fighting is going on in those areas, because people don't want to become serfs. Hohenzollerns set up a government-in-exile in the city of Danzig, which is under french protection due to special city status.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. FFully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the lithuanians and prussians institute de-facto slavery. the civil war begins ...
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de-facto slavery. the civil war begins ...
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit. the Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to state so. As such, many wish 
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care for the fate of the "lesser" nobility). Nikolaus Hohenzollern does his things and whatnot as governour. the Hohenzollerns take advantage to rile support for the old system. Enough time has passed for people to grow rather cynical, and thus some support for a return to at least partial aristocracy has become to increase. political leaders come to pskov to discuss things as tensions decrease due to Conciliatory attitudes.
    • The Belarus Military is improved as the Road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the lithuanians and prussians institute de-facto slavery. The civil war begins...
    • I really needed these two days to calm my shit, am back now, will try not to rage hard.
  • Flag of Mansuriya Sultunate (Principia Moderni III Map Game)Mansuriya Sultanate: The military of Mansuriya continues to be modernized, with new weapons and military tactics becoming more common by the day. The goal of bringing it on par with its neighbor the Damascan Sultanate, and eventually surpassing them, slowly begins to be accomplished. We contact the Roman Empire, again, inquiring about purchasing a significant number of blue water trade, war, and exploration ships. This is so that the Mansuriya Navy can gain blue water capability and project power into the surrounding seas. We also contact the Roman Empire, again, about purchasing a significant number of cutting edge Roman gunpowder weaponry for our army, as well as the training required to utilize them. This is so that we gain an advantage over our neighbors if combat were to ever arise. The Sultanate expands into the disorganized lands in northern Arabia, and it is expected that they will be completely engulfed in one years time.
    • Flag of Egypt (1922–1958)Yemen: Yemen expands into the disorganized lands to its north, and it is expected that they will be completely engulfed in one more year.
  • Lombardy: We continue rebuilding the nation after the recent war with Spain.The military is reformed from the foundation of units formed during the war, and trained to adequately defend the nation. This turn is officially dedicated to economy or military. We continue influencing Switzerland.
  • County of Oldenburg: The Regency Council is generally supportive of Prussia's request to rejoin the HRE, and tells Hamburg so. It's been nine years since the war ended and the economy is finally starting to pick up. In other news, the Landtag votes to completely abolish serfdom. Whilst the majority of serfs have already been freed by their masters, a few hundred remain in bondage. The new law will compensate the masters and also ensure that the newly-freed serfs are not just cast out into the wild. 
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon, and Mexaco are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. With the changing political calculus in Kiev and the Tatary, Roman and Gothic officials begin constructing border defenses along the Gothic-Tatary border. In addition, the Empire requests trade agreements and a military base in Volayacor.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • [1]Dominion of Mexaca: The Prime Minister of the newly created Dominion of Mexaca, Cesar Tontaltec, starts the rebuilding process for the nation. Consulates and government buildings are set up in the new capital of Zapoteca (OTL Monterrey). The name reflects a link to the nation's past, while the city is meant to be a driving force in the nation's development. The political capital is located in Zapoteca, while the cultural capital remains in the old capital of Danibaan. Tontaltec meets with Britannian diplomats to streamline the process of setting up the new dominion. Basic infrastructure is restored, many citizens recruited to rebuild roads, bridges, and boats. Prime Minister Tontaltec believes that employing the masses of impoverished people will help the struggling economy. Basic goods also resume production - fruits, vegetables, flax, timber, fisheries, etc. While most of the population speaks a regional dialect of Spanish (with a strong Zapotec influence), English is introduced, and will slowly be built up as the main language of the nation. The new Flag of Mexaca is colored in red, white, and blue, to show ties to Britannia. It also displayes the icon of the Mexacan cross, a symbol popularly used by churches in the nation. Note: The proper denonym for Mexaca is Mexacan, not Mexican. 
  • The Empire of Britannia: (Copy-pasting for Andy) Many ships are modernized and replaced to keep the British Royal Navy a powerful force on the high seas. The Empire enacts a new series of reforms designed to better govern the numerous holdings of the Empire. The Empire, having had many years of isolation and inactivity on the global scale, rejoins the world stage. The first modernization steps are taken to streamline the military forces. The Crown Colonial Association also decides to also streamline the Borealian colonies. The former L'nu nation is integrated into New Dublin to form the Dominion of Arcadia. Other nation changes include economic reforms to restart the sluggish economy and a greater focus on military technology. The military is updated. A new model for economic production is released in homes of bolstering Britannia's economy, one of the leading economies in the world. The efforts come after many years of flagging production and scientific stagnation. Nowhere are these reforms more found than the colonies, where governors have been told to move away from a purely exploitive model to a more productive, economic model. The hope is by freeing up some of the labor force that was once used for exploitation, and use that force in a more efficient capacity, that profits and production would rise. Parliament clamors for continued updates to infrastructure and technology. The Britannic war of succession finally appears to be over with King James officially coronated at the Tower of London as Emperor James of Scotland, Ruler of Britannia and her holdings, Defender of the Faith, Most August. James will consider entertaining the Oldenbuger request in regards to officially ending the civil war and provide the former house with some position. In the meantime, the former emperor flees to a safe haven in Hamburg. The Council of Kent is convened to end the succession crisis. Emperor James states that he will allow the House of Hamburg to remain nobility and offer the family control over Arcadia. In other news, Parliament declares war on Spain citing the strengthening of ties with France an overall increase in tension between the once cordial nations. The bulk of the Britannic navy is assembled and begins the trip to Spain. Troops are directed from the Navy as well as land forces through France. In Borealia, The Dominion of Arcadia, New Cambridgeshire and New Guerney also aid in the effort. In a speech to Parliament Emperor James laments his nations decision but firmly stands behind the parliament and armed forces in this matter. Ties with France are further strengthen by the combined effort. The Emperor plans a visit to the Prime Minister of Mexaca to discuss the future between the nations. Troops are sent to help fight the Spanish off.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand the navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Dominion of Arcadia: Continues to expand 1000 sq km west and south. A large influx of settlers arrive from Eire. The new realignment of the two colonial holdings of L'nu and New Dublin see a massive increase of settlers as the new dominion governor enacts more reforms targeted toward economy and finance.
    • New Cambridgeshire: New Cambridgeshire expands by 1000 sq km west. Colonists begin to explore around the region and begin to have a large fishing boom. The Port of New Oxford is expanded to handle excess ships from Britannia and other European nations. A large influx of settlers arrive from Britannia, fueled by the fears and rumours of war. Due to the recent influx of furs, the local population booms. Shipping also booms as many new merchant vessels are constructed to meet demand. The Borealian colonies all expand inland 1000 sq km.
    • Colony of New Guerney: A flood of immigrants arrives at Port William on the island of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola) as the colony continues to experience an unprecedented influx of colonists. The colony expands 1000 sq km inland. Several new industries emerge as an increased demand for merchant marine ships rises. The Royal Navy attempts to gain a handle on the piracy situation. However, several small port towns of grown to harbour pirates due to the influx of money.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Crown Colony Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Colony of Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Britannia a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).

1759

After many long years of difficult recession for some and unprecedented growth for others, the world economy that was devastated by the War of the Grand Coalition has more or less recovered. However, it is painstakingly clear that should such a war break out again, economic consequences are sure to follow. (No more negative econ modifiers, go kill each other and have fun, people!)

The Tartary expands much farther to the north after decades of growth and little government interference in the movement of its peoples. As such, much more of Siberia is settled, mainly be either deported Anatolian Turks or their descendants, many of whom now identify as Siberian Turks.

The Zulu tribes, recently invigorated under a new tribal leader, rise up and launch a brutal campaign, quickly slaughtering many Spanish or Dutch homesteaders and burning down towns and forts across the inland.

Wealthy Galician nobles, fed up with foreign rule, rally the commoners from across the country in a revolt. Come on, we all saw it coming. (10 Mil 10 Eco 10 Infra, undoubled, Popular)

  • Empire of Japan: The military/economy is built up. Horiyōshi Yokohama III, late one night, decides to engage in intercourse with one of his courtwomen. However, getting overly exited and aroused, he suffers a heart attack from exhaustion. His son, Yamamota Yokohama IV, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarchs rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised apon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. After exploring north for a couple years to find alternate trade different from Hispania, Japanese and Ainu merchants make first contact with the Kiamukut Band on the Alaskan coast. The merchants did not understand the Inuits well, but they were escorted by fishers to the Grand Chief. As a sign if friendship between them, the merchants offer many gifts to him, being given Inuit food, cloth, shelter, and warmth in return. Because of this, troops are sent into the war against the Ming. A few Japanese settlers, looking to become the first contenders in the Alaskan trade, travel north to establish a colony on OTL St Lawrence Island. Ainu is annexed into Japan, in which a feast is held for both of the leaders of the two nations. However, Yamamoto Yokohama IV, afraid of losing trading rights in Kiatumgutai, sends a diplomat to the Tartary asking for trading rights in where they have settled. Meanwhile, Yamamoto Yokohama IV adopts a 12 year old Manchu boy, to show the people how much he cares about his empire. Vassalation of the Kiamikgut Band is halted due to the war with Hispania. With Vietnam revolting with more than anticipated power and as a sudden surprise, Emperor Yamamoto Yokohama IV orders a fiat to his military advisors, telling all troops to withdraw from Vietnam and to go to Biak, where they will be reasigned to a different location within the next year. All Shinto Vietnamese people's are offered to come to Japan and its empire, as long as they take a quiz on the basic faith of Shinto. After a long talk between the Manchu Rebels and their leader, Japan and Manchuria decide to part ways, seeing that the Great Manchu Empire hasn't been profiting for the empire as much as it used to. Seeing that almost all of the military is in Heinan, close to the Yue, an Invasion of the rest of the island and of OTL Hong Kong and Macau is taken, to rid of all Spanish people's and to establish more trade with the Wu in the South China Sea. (Can someone do the algo please? I am busy Irl atm.)
    • Japanese Manchuria (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 9 larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): The military/economy is built up. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs. As the economy begins to drop with fewer Chinese and Spanish merchants coming in Yamamoto Yokohama IV asks the Chinese Warlord states X and Y to defend China in the case of any non-local emerging power rises in the area. To spice up the deal, Japan-Manchuria offers 70 lbs of Silver to every state that joins, with economic bonuses coming long term.
    • Formosa (Vassal of Japan): The military/economy is built up. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan.
    • Shanghai: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Shanghai until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, a European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Qingdao: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Qingdao until 1770, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, a European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Heinan: Military/Economy With the war with Hispania over, Yamamoto Yokohama orders a military occupation of Heinan until 1775, mostly because of the huge armies coming into Heinan, when the city will become be eased of occupation. However, during this time, a European mercenaries are allowed to enter freely in and out of the city, but are sometimes randomly checked for excessive military supplies.
    • Papua: Expands by 500 sq km. Military ships and armies come to the colony, along with Vietnamese refugees, to come and defend the colony. Lumber, the biggest export of Papua, continues to be the main economic power on the island.
    • Kiatumgutai: As the new Alaskan market opens up, about eight more people flock to the area to try to make money in the area. The colony expands by 5 px. The revolts are not taken lightly, and are fought against.
      • Japanese Diplomacy: Seeing prices in trade go from Papua, an offer is made to purchase OTL Polillo Island as a merchant Island and ready stop for ships on their way there.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. New Mecklenburg in Australia expands by 750px. Trade with the maori in New Rugia via Sophiastadt continues. In light of the Galician revolt, Duke Friedrich, against the advise of the High Council, makes an offer to the Galician rebels: 1. Friedrich will abdicate as Duke and the House of Hamburg will renounce all claims to the nation, 2. Galicia and Hamburg will ally with one another, and establish formal trade agreements, 3. For a period of twenty years, Hamburg will garuntee Galicas independence, only to be renewed at the request of the Galician government. (Mod response please.)
  • The Kingdom of Navarre: Works tirelessly under the leadership of King Erramun to establish the economy as something of a fusion between the latest farming practices and newest industrial developments. This process involves producing just enough food to maintain a self-sufficient consumption-based economy where excess industrial goods can then be traded for a major profit. This drives greater investment into Navarre. We announce support for the Galician rebellion, likening it to our own Basque Revolt.
  • Great Manchu Empire: With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Shinji Hiraku succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy. Therefore, importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Major military reforms were brought and a paramilitary force referred to as the Manchu Guards is initiated. The paramilitary comprising of 50,000 guards swore allegiance to the Emperor and were ordered to put down any rebellion swiftly and without mercy. Independence was declared from the Empire of Japan. As this happened, an end to the forceful spread of Shinto was declared and all those that refused to reconvert from Shinto were executed. Peace ensued after defeating the Lanzhou rebels however occasionally, Manchu soldiers attack Jin borders cause why the hell not? [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Shangjingkou: The state - being agriculturally strong - had numerous agricultural projects initiated and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state, and moreover these goods were exported to other Chinese states. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchased battleships from Japan and built up our navy, eventually preparing a navy of 100 ships. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Kingdom of Shijiazuang: With the recent defeat of Hebei following its decision to aid Hispania, parts of the Kingdom of Hebei were officially integreted into the Empire of Manchuria. A paramilitary consisting of 10,000 Manchu was set up and members of the Royal family who were found were executed. The Emperor initiated the start of promotion of Japanese culture and Shinto in order to align the Kingdom of Hebei with Japan and to prevent any future rebellions. Meanwhile, schools were rapidly built and local merchants were made to engage in trade with the Japanese. The Kingdom of Lanzhou is officially integrated into the Kingdom of Shijiazuang. Meanwhile, more than 500,000 people who had supported the Xi'an Kingdom were impaled[Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Uighur Khanate: Prince Qing Aisen-Gioro Dorgon introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisen-Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Turkic tribes. [Mil/Eco Turn]
  • Inca Empire: With the death of Apeac III, the nations of Tawatinsuyu and Vorlayacor fall into a Personal Union. The Andean Monarchy remains in control of Tawatinsuyu and her Vassals.  The Population of Tawatinsuyu hits roughly fourteen million. Military, economy and navy are improved. Cuzco Remains the largest City in the nation, with roughly 170,000 people. Nov Xoryan also experinces growth under the Union, with a population of about 50,000. Other Cities include Peru, Machu Picchu, Chimor, Sican, New Burgandy, Duetchburg,and Wari. Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the poltical ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor. The Inca also begin to invest in Vorlayacor, encouraging the movement of Inca people into the nation to aid in recovery from the last empidemic. Buenos Noches are built up, each having around 1000 people. Military training between the two nations begins, with an active military of 90,000 and 100,000 in reserve. Navy is also built up, with the navy expanding to accomadate more ships. We ask to purchase arms from the Roman Empire. After a period of long deliberation, Chiribaya is annexed.
      • Empire du Chimor (Vassal of the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Chimor continues to grow. Population stands at roughly four million and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Anca II takes the throne as the lesser king, and confirms his subjugation to the Inca.  Military stands at 65,000 active men and 80,000 in reserve.
      • Empire du Collaquyimbya (Vassal of the Inca, Member of the Andean Monarchy): Under the Andean Monarchy and French Rule, the nation of Collaquyimbya continues to grow. Population stands at roughly 400,000 and continues to grow. French migration into the region increases as the nation is absorbed into the French sphere. Military, economy and navy improve. Military stands at 10,000 irregulars
      • Viceroyalty of Chile (Vassal of the Inca):  Formerly a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population over one million, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. Inca and French culture make up a majority of the nation.The City of Buenos Tardes is founded as the nations new capitalMilitary stands at 15,000 regulars and 10,000 irregulars.
      • Domain of Tiwanaku (Vassal of the Inca):  Formally a part of New Spain, the new nation is brought into the Andean Monarchy. With a population just under 150,000, the nation sees a new economic system under the Inca that greatly benefits the economy. Military, economy and navy improve. French and Inca cultures also grow. The City of Aymara is founded as a capital of the nation. MIlitary stands at 6000 men.
      • Vorlayacor (Personal Union with the Inca): Ties between the Inca and Vorlayacor deepen, as the political ideologies of both nations adapt to suit each other. The Cuzco Codes are adopted in Vorlayacor, further deepening the political ties between the two nations. Miltiary, Economy, and Navy Improve. Nov Xoryan also experinces growth under the Union, with a population of about 50,000. The population hits 2.5 million people, seeing growth with an increase of Inca Aid. Buenos Dias grows further, hitting about 2000 people.
  • Nubia: The military continues to train loyal troops to fight for the nation. Cities continue to rebuild themselves like European cities. Ports expand to fit more ships. A big library is continuing being built in the capital city. It will store books from around the world. The first university in the country is continuing being built in the capital city. Our military continues to expand 100 px southwest. Walls and outposts around the capital city are continuing being built. Now that Nubia is unified, we continue to centralize the nation. Due to revolts The border control team continues to watch the borders carefully, because of what is happening in Yemen and because we do not want Ethiopia to attack us.
  • Poland: The military continues to grow and upgrade, with the winged hussars seeing combat in Prussia. The war in Prussia continues at a steadfast pace. Warzawa sees major growth.  roads continue to be built.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. The colony of Haejagang (해자강) expands by 500 sq km.
  • New Austria (Colony of Bavaria): The economy and military improve. The mountainside cities, especially New Vienna, expand rapidly, with new businesses for refining and manufacturing appearing routinely. A professional army is continually trained at the University of New Vienna, while its constructed. The forts are also expanded, and new artillery are manufactured. A fleet of merchant ships are constructed, along with a couple of caravels and frigates. Relations between Hispanics and Germans improve as intercity trade develops, and the elementary schools encourage children to learn both Spanish and German. Diplomats are sent to the French colonies, establishing mutual trade relations and asking the 40th Parallel to be recognized as our border. Traders begin to travel down the Tancha River (OTL Eel River), and into the French colonies. In the north, the colony expands northeast 1200 km along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River), as far as Lake Frances (OTL Lake Louise). A trading post, called Santiago, is established near this lake.
  • BaiernFlag8Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1759, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. Queen Frances I, aged 58, and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Modern weaponry make its introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Rome. There has been an uptick of 75% of Bavaro-German primary speakers in Franconia, Saxony, Pomerania, and Brandenburg, and uptick of 90% secondary speakers in those areas. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In political news, Frances I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In industrial news, the effects of industrialization and urbanization begin to be felt in Swabia, Würzburg, and Bavaria, where Stuttgart becomes the center of manufacturing and modern production. The Queen's children are: Franz-Hector (born 1732), Joan (born 1735), and Anne (born 1741, married to Wolfgang von Habsburg in 1751). The Queen's siblings are: former King Albert V (born 1694, died 1742), and Friedrich-Rudolf (born 1704). The Deutsche Diet is created in 1736, and using her powers as Supreme Chancellor of the Curia Bavaria, places the seat of the Diet in Augsburg, where the historic Imperial Diet also sat. Many Bavarians and Austrians are fine with this placement, being far enough away from Bavarian influence which could corrupt the Diet. This new Diet will occupy supremacy over both the Curias Bavaria and Austria, and in essence will act as an Upper House to both regional Curias. Prince Friedrich-Rudolf is married to Princess Mari of Brittany. Concerning Venezia, Queen Frances and the Deutsche Diet begin implementing policies similar to the policies King Leopold II adopted after the devastating war on Austria. Specifically, poorhouses are established all over Venezia, the streets are cleaned up, and taxes are lowered greatly as the Deutsche Diet pay for 40% of post-war expenses. In war news, the situation continues to remain dour for the Bavarian crown. Last year, a series of disaster occurred, including most of Austria falling under a Viennese-based rebellion. Occurring simultaneously was the invasion of Pretender Frederick von Croÿ-Habsburg, who was able to successfully occupy and subjugate a large portion of northern Bavaria. Similarly, the Austrian rebellion was able to extend from Vienna in the east to Salzburg in the west, and has been met with fanatic popularity among the Austrian populace. 1759 opens with a dissolved Deutsche Diet, diminshed army, and shaky infrastructure. Pretender Frederick is gathering more strength at Coburg, while the Austrian rebellion continues to quickly develop a strong leadership and organized structure. This new organization is evident when a renewed offensive into Bavaria is launched in February, besieging Passau and taking the city in a fortnight. The Austrian rebellion then branches into two paths, one army marching towards Venice, and the other northwards to Munich. The southerly branch is led by rogue Austrian parliamentarian Dietrich Metzgerka, who was granted the role of General in January. Metzgerka's forces reach Venice in early March and immediately begin encircling the city, pillaging and raiding nearby towns. The siege lasts for nearly a month, but ends in a victory for Metzgerka who immediately sets up camp in the city. The rest of Venezia is taken by the conclusion of April. Occurring simultaneously is the Siege of Munich. Beginning on March 19, forces led by Albert-Agatha von Vuhsberg fired artillery on the city walls, and made substantial progress for a period of seven days before meeting defeat by Adolph Clemenz. Clemenz himself was wounded in battle, but none-of-the-less was able to repel a 6000 strong army back to the mountains near Salzburg. By May 1, the Austrian rebellion controls all of Austria, Salzburg, Tyrol, and Venezia and a small chunk of land in southern Bavaria. In the north, a rejuvenated Frederick makes considerable gains. By mid-year, he is able to push past Coburg, and take the cities of Jena and Erfurt, while the city of Leipzig declares him the true king and submits to his authority. Duke Edmund II, not the military genius as his father was, is totally incompetent in the face of Frederick's army. By mid-August, the city of Dresden also voluntarily submits to Frederick, and provides him with 3500 troops. Frederick uses these troops to once more launch a siege upon Berlin. Knowing that he can not weather another siege, Duke Edmund II sends his siblings and children northwards to Stettin to avoid any violence or suffering. Just a week after Edmund sends his family to find sanctuary with Duke Franz-Hector, Frederick begins besieging Berlin on September 10. Edmund II is able to escape during the siege and attempts to strike Frederick while he is busy with the siege. A battle occurs on September 14 between Edmund II and Frederick. Edmund inflicts heavy damages on Frederick's army, but is killed by musket shortly after sunset. The rest of Edmund's army flees back into the city walls, where they declare Edmund's eldest child, Sybille, as Duchess of Brandenburg. Unfortunately, the troops surrender to Frederick on September 19, and word reaches Franz-Hector later in the week. He too declares Sybille, who is physcially present with him at Stettin, as the new Duchess of Brandenburg. By October, Frederick has all of Brandenburg under his control, and sends half of his 20,000 strong army to take Stettin, while he himself marches southward to begin the ultimate Siege of Landshut. Queen Frances I hears of this plan and immediately orders 3,000 troops to re-inforce Landshut, as well as an additional few thousand to reinforces the cities of Munich and Regensburg. The following November proves to be the last major defensive that the Bavarian crown will fight. Queen Frances I orders her son to flee Stettin in the face of 10,000 battle-hardened men, which Franz-Hector complies. He and the Brandenburger family leave Stettin by sea and initially land in Lübeck before finding safehaven in the Hamburgian port of Neustadt. Before Franz-Hector left, however, he ordered the city to evacuate its population to nearby villages and to also surrender to Frederick's army. The city is taken on October 30, and the army, under the leadership of mercenaries, raid the city endlessly and nearly destroy it over the course of a week. They brutalize much of the surrounding populace as well, however thanks to the evacuation, much of the city's population escape unscathed. In the south, Würzburg and Nürnburg easily fall to Frederick, leaving Landshut, Munich, Regensburg, and Augsburg as the only areas that Queen Frances I solidly controls. In November, Frederick once more splits his army in two, with 5,000 men marching towards Augsburg, and the other 5,000 marching towards Regensburg. Fortunately for Frederick, the army in control of Stettin send down an extra 7,000 troops to aid their commander. Now, with 12,000 troops, Regensburg falls easily. The siege lasts only three weeks before the city capitulates and swears fealty to Frederick, giving him a gift of 2000 men. Frederick now commands an army of 14,000 Westphalian, Hessian, and Bavarian soldiers and mercenaries. On November 17, he leaves Regensburg on his way towards the heavily armored city of Landshut, following behind him an accumulated mass of refugees from his various conquered cities. Also occurring in November is the Austrian Siege of Munich, and added to the Siege of Augsburg, leaves the Queen in a very unsavory position. Frederick arrives at her feet on November 22, and the most daunting siege of the Bavarian capital begins. Queen Frances I is able to wraggle in an extra 1,500 troops to reinforce the city. On November 24, she opens Trausnitz Castle to various inhabitants to live in sanctuary in the face of artillery fire and constant assault. For the rest of the year, Frederick's army works on besieging the city, while his other forces work towards the same goal in Augsburg and Munich. Not since the fifteenth century, when the Grand Duchesses Eleanor and Jacqueline battled for fifteen years over control of the throne, has Bavaria seen so much civil bloodshed and pandemonium within its border. The Bavarian Army is essentially gone save for the forces holed up in Landshut, Ausgburg, and Munich. The Deutsche Diet, the strongest, most industrious legislature in the country, is effectively disbanded. The royal family is separated: Franz-Hector is hiding in Hamburg, while Queen and Princess Joan are trapped in Trausnitz. Felix Manzkari, once a great orator and politician, is left destitute in the capital, being villified by the Austrians he once stood up for and supported. The year closes out dark and pallor for the Queen, a woman who herself fought for her right to rule, and who deposed her own brother. She now faces a similar deposition and possible death in the hands of the ever powerful and popular Frederick von Croÿ-Habsburg.
    • CuriaBavariaFlagCuria Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament or Bavarian Diet, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. Bavarians and Austrians who remain loyal to Frances I establish their headquarters in the old parliamentary house.
    • CuriaAustriaFlagCuria Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 251 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue being constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria. Frances of Bavaria continues to give support to Austrian parliamentarians. Ferdinand von Ingschaft, in an address to the Curia Austria, petitions Frances I to create a dual Bavaro-Austrian parliament. The Curia Austria is transferred to the Austrian rebels and serves as a main base for their operations.
    • Ddcoa2Deutsche Diet: The Deutsche Diet, also known as the German Parliament or German Diet, is established by the decree of Queen Frances I in 1736, and is given a charter that year. Felix Manzkari continues supporting of Austrian annexation of Tyrol and Venezia. The Diet observes the unrest brewing in Austria, but no parliamentarian suggests anything that could agitate the situation further. Manzkari, on the other hand, allies himself with the factions that support Austrian annexation of the newly conquered realms. The Deutsche Diet is suspended following the outbreak of rebellion in Austria
    • Flagge der Hansestadt LübeckCity of Lübeck: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed. 
    • Flag of BremenBremen Port: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. 
    • Flag of AustriaKingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for the King. In 1730, Frances is declared Queen of Austria. In other news, anti-Bavarian sentiment rises as more and more Austrians call for the annexation of Tyrol and Venezia. The sentiment explodes into mass dissent starting in 1756. In 1758, the population of Vienna breaks into open rebellion, and by year end control all of Austria, plus Salzburg.
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of VeniceKingdom of Venezia: Troops authorized by the Queen continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Frances is declared as Queen of Venezia in 1750. In following the example of her grandfather King Leopold II, Queen Frances initiates the Venetian Restoration, which aims to improve the general infrastructure of the country after the great destruction of the previous war. Poorhouses are established all around the country, particularly in Venice and Tyrol. Furthermore, the streets are cleaned up of wartime debris and rubble. Frances I also launches a propaganda campaign in Venice. Her ministers in Venice villify decades of Spanish hegemony, and depict the efforts of Hispanicization in Italy as akin to genocide and the forced destruction of the Italian peoples. Furthermore, in an effort to lower anti-Bavarian sentiment in Venice, royal ministers depict the Bavarians as a benevolent aide, while the Croatians are displayed as marauding bandits and murderers who are responsible for the destruction the city is facing. These tactics, aiming to condemn the Spanish and elevate the Bavarians and Italians, is somewhat effective. Most living in the region care little of the causation of their misery, and only that it dissipates quickly. Seeing this development, the Deutsche Diet agree to pay for 40% of all expenses in Venezia, and lower the taxes in Venezia by a substantial amount. This tactic brings a much more welcome response. In military news, 4,500 Bavarian and Austrian troops are left stationed in Venezia in case any violent uprising occurs. Venezia remains loyal to Queen Frances I in the face of the Austrian rebellion and Frederick's invasion.
    • Flagge Preußen - Provinz BrandenburgDuchy of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Duke Edmund II, aged 41, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Edmund I's children are: Sybille (born 1730), Kassandra (born 1732), Fillipa (born 1738), and Anna (born 1741). Edmund II dies on the battlefield. Sybille, his daughter, is declared Duchess of Brandenburg, but is ineffective as long as she remains hiding in Neustadt.
    • Pommernflagpm3Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Hector I, aged 27, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. A university, with slight Catholic foundations, is founded in Stettin, which is named the Lady Mary University, after the late Duchess Mary.  Franz-Hector marries Matilde DuBarry in 1754. Franz-Hector receives 2,500 troops and an extra 500 guards from his mother in the face of Frederick's invasion. Franz-Hector flees to Neustadt in 1759. Duchess Matilde becomes pregnant by year end.
    • RBCcoaRoyal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, Berlin, and Stettin. In exploratory news, while much of Bavaria is immersed in Civil War, the RBSC decides to fund expeditions into Indonesia, particularly around Borneo and the tribelands of Negara Dipa. In 1732, the investors of the RBSC put forth a combined total of 500,000 reichstalers in the construction of ships, training of private troops, and a military expedition into Negara Dipa next year. Conflict is expected to occur in coming decades.
    • NewBavariaFlagNew Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 2000 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz. News of the Austrian rebellion reaches Borealia. Many colonial Austrians are delighted at the notion of Austrian resurgence, and consistently poke fun at their Bavarian relatives, but ultimately, the situation is of little concern to them, as both groups live in relatively harmonious economic and social equilibrium.
    • NewSwabiaFlagNew Swabia: The colony of Neu Schwaben is established in 1750. The colony is situated in the humid, tropical regions of south-central Borealia, and is mostly composed of Spanish-speaking Hispanics, as well as Aztecan and Mayan settlers. In Europe, Bavarians are encouraged to settle in Nei Schwaben.
    • NewAustriaFlagNew Austria (Colony of Bavaria): The economy and military improve. The mountainside cities, especially New Vienna, expand rapidly, with new businesses for refining and manufacturing appearing routinely. A professional army is continually trained at the University of New Vienna, while its constructed. The forts are also expanded, and new artillery are manufactured. A fleet of merchant ships are constructed, along with a couple of caravels and frigates. Relations between Hispanics and Germans improve as intercity trade develops, and the elementary schools encourage children to learn both Spanish and German. Diplomats are sent to the french colonies, establishing mutual trade relations and asking the 40th Parallel to be recognized as our border. Traders begin to travel down the Tancha River (OTL Eel River), and into the French colonies. In the north, the colony expands northeast 1200 km along the Amerigo River (OTL Columbia River), as far as Lake Frances (OTL Lake Louise). A trading post, called Santiago, is established near this lake.
    • PearlRiverFlagPearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself. 
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy and military of Scandinavia improves this year. Import/export businesses in Denmark, Sweden and Norway bring in a considerable amount of income. Scandinavia's chief exports include iron, wood, and other construction materiel, a commodity that is vastly growing in necessity as urbanization increases throughout Europe. Militaries in Europe purchase Scandinavian iron for ships and weapons. The Scandinavian colonies are a source of even more lumber. Resources such as pelts bring in massive amounts of profit for Scandinavia, both due to intranational trading and international trading. Scandinavia exports resources such as textiles, dyes and foodstuffs from its trading partners. Interest in coffee plants rises among nobles as the drink becomes more popular among the population of Scandinvia, especially in the upper class and in the aristocracy. Though the bean is expensive to Scandinavia, coffee sales spike. Indonesian powers are offered exclusive trade deals for coffee in exchange for discounted, high-quality wood and iron. Scandinavia retains its alliances with Bavaria, Pskov, the Roman Empire, Britannia, the Nehilaw and many other nations. These alliances are celebrated in the Scandinavian courts. The ports in Iceland are expanded to accommodate more ships. Education in Scandinavia continues to improve. The literacy rate is steadily increasing as public schools are built throughout the nation. The population of Scandinavia continues to explode as well. Urbanization, more food supplies, better census data, and other factors are all leading to a spike in population. Scandinavia's population is expected to reach nine million by 1740. While this increase in population does come with benefits, it has its drawbacks as well. Homelessness in urban areas and overcrowding is becoming a massive problem, especially in Copenhagen. To accommodate, people are encouraged to travel to the New World. In political news, the House of Bjelbo-Griffins continues to remain in charge of Scandinavia. The Riksdag is dominated by this royal house. Scandinavia reaps the benefits of the war in Spain, dominating the world market.
    • Helluland: The military and economy are improved. Helluland expands by 1000 sq km this year. Helluland is responsible for the production of furs in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Huronsmark: The military and economy are improved. Huronsmark expands by 1000 sq km this year. Huronsmark is responsible for the production of furs and timber in the Scandinavian Empire, generating much profit for the colony.
    • Iceland: The military and economy are improved. Iceland is an important port for northern Europeans. Due to the large amounts of trade flowing into Icelandic ports, the population of Iceland increases. An outpost on Greenland is built.
    • Jansylvania: The military and economy are expanded. Jansylvania is Scandinavia's newest colony, though it has grown rapidly since its establishment. Jansylvania yields large amounts of timber, though it is also a massive center of trade between Scandiavia and Native Americans.
    • Karelia: The military and economy expand. Karelia has been in the Scandinavian realm for centuries now. It is the location of many important fortresses, namely Castle Vyborg. Karelia is a massive source of iron for Scandinavia. Trade with Russia and Pskov flows through Karelia during the summer months.
    • New Gotland: The military and economy expand. New Gotland is one of Scandinavia's older colonies. A coastal colony, New Gotland specializes in shipbuilding and trading along the Borealian East Coast. Timber is also produced in New Gotland.
    • New Zealand: The military and economy expands. 
    • Ohijo: The militia of Ohijo is established while the economy is established. The capital of Ohijo is established as Rolvstead after General Jans Rolvson, who led the Scandinavians to victory in the Minor Lake Skirmishes. Rolvstead was originally a trading depot for European traders before the Erie tribes raided it. While parts of the town are relatively intact, other parts have been demolished, re-purposed, or have otherwise decayed.
    • Schleswig: The military and economy are expanded. Schleswig has been a vassal of the Scandinavian Empire for quite some time. All land routes into Scandinavia go through this vassal, meaning Schleswig is one of Scandinavia's wealthiest vassals.
    • Sjösmark: The military and economy are expanded. The colony expands by 5000 sq km this year. Trade with Nehilaw brings gold and people into the colony.
    • Strombek: The military and economy are expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km. Strombek is one of Scandinavia's oldest and most successful colonies. Trade along the St Lawrence River makes it one of the wealthiest as well. Strombek is a source of furs and timber for Scandinavia.
    • Vinland: The military and economy are expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km. The oldest of Scandinavia's colonies, Vinland is one of the most populous colonies along the eastern Borealian coast. Its capital, New Copenhagen, has become the most populous city on the east Borealian coast. Immigrants from Northern Europe flock to Vinland, especially New Copenhagen, in search of a new life.
  • Kievan Rus': The Kievan Rus continue to expand their road network throughout the natio. The profits from grain exports helps fund this expansion.
  • Flag of Mansuriya Sultunate (Principia Moderni III Map Game)Mansuriya Sultanate: The military of Mansuriya continues to be modernized, with new weapons and military tactics becoming more common by the day. The goal of bringing it on par with its neighbor the Damascan Sultanate, and eventually surpassing them, moves further towards completion. We contact the Roman Empire, once again, inquiring about purchasing a significant number of blue water trade, war, and exploration ships. This is so that the Mansuriya Navy can gain blue water capability and project power into the surrounding seas. We also contact the Roman Empire, once again, about purchasing a significant number of cutting edge Roman gunpowder weaponry for our army, as well as the training required to utilize them. This is so that we gain an advantage over our neighbors if combat were to ever arise. The Sultanate completes its expansion into the disorganized lands in northern Arabia, as they are now completely engulfed.
    • Flag of Egypt (1922–1958)Yemen: Yemen completes its expansion into the disorganized lands in southern Arabia, as they are now completely engulfed.
  • The Nehilaw continue to modernize and advance their interests, as do all vassals. With the restoration of the gift economy following the civil war, many of landlords and nobles are dispossessed of much of their fortunes, while peasants are considerably enriched and placed at an advantage. Nomadic herding becomes less common as more people settle down to farm or to participate in new, more specialized industries such as mining or weaving. Seeking to reduce the economy's dependence on commodities in the export market, the High Sachem begins sponsoring specialized craftsmen from Europe to immigrate and settle down. Many thousands take up his offer, particularly from France. Both luxury goods like casino, furs and ivory and more practical goods like whale oil, lumber and dried cod are traded. The military grows, with the High Sachem seeking to create a small weapons-manufacturing industry to supply it, and sponsoring many gunsmiths to achieve this. With abundant supplies of guano in the nation, gunpowder production becomes an important industry throughout.In the nation's southernmost regions, fertilizer use, mainly based around guano, vastly increases agricultural production, supplemented with the increased use of crop rotations and rest years for fields. The campaign against the Winnebago comes to an end in their ultimate defeat this year. A major internal reorganization occurs this year; Chisasibi and Chippawa are annexed to the Nehilaw. As the High Sachem dies, the Chief of Odawa, Isapo Mistahi, becomes the new High Sachem, placing the Chiefdom and the Sachemate in personal union. Seeking to unite the remaining Odawa tribes, he invades whatever that enclave is called, using the already-deployed army and siege weapons.
  • Croatian Archvoivodeship (Hrvatsko Nadvojvodstvo): Military turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Archvoivodeship. With growing Ragusan influence, and the beginning of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover, with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As the war for Hungary ends, some Croats and Hungarians are still unsatisfied as not all was achieved since the spoils of war had to be shared with the Romans. With the end of the war against Hispania, Croatia attempts to rebuild its economy using the control over Hercules' Pillars as a support. Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined. The adminisstrative reform continues. The government fails to reclaim Poland.
    • Czech Voivodeship (Češko Vojvodstvo): The Voivodeship recovers from the Idiocracy's rule and many nobles gain more power in the nation.
    • Silesian Voivodeship (Šlezijsko Vojvodstvo): The Voivodeship's natural resources are highly sought in the rest of the nations with which is connected, which leads to economic growth. The Silesian cultural movement flourishes with aid of the Croats, who aim to make Silesia a region independent from both Poland and the Czechia.
    • Županija Dahomey: The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Isles of the Archvoivodeship (Otoci Nadvojvodstva): The infrastructure is built up.
    • Županija of Hercules Pillars' (Županija Herkulovih Stupova): The županija's pivotal position as a trade nod creates an a sufficite allowing for the economy to expand.
  • In Aragon, the nation continues rebuilding after the great destruction caused by the war. The repair and construction of new buildings, roads, and other infrastructure continues. Aragonese merchants and emissaries continue sail across the Mediterranean to expand the reach of Aragon in terms of wealth and diplomatic connections. Due to the regrowth of the economy, new jobs created in the three major cities lead to more people moving to the cities. The construction of new ships and the purchase of foreign weaponry continues. The government issues bonds to help stabilize the federal economy. Meanwhile, the Assembly seeks to formally establish relations with BavariaWestphalia-Netherlands, and Britannia independent of the Treaty of Toledo. A mutual defense pact is offered to Italy.
  • County of Oldenburg: The benefits of the Thabascho cacao trade and Neu Norderney trades have finally made their way back to the motherland, and the economy finally takes a solid turn for the better. Persuant of last year's law, the last remaining serfs in Oldenburg are given their freedom. Many continueworking for their former masters, but some take the opportunity to emigrate to the colonies, to seek out an entirely new life. With the economy improving so much, people are more likely to send their sons to the University of Osnabruck, which has been quite deserted these past ten years. The Landtag debates whether or not to officially incorporate the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck into Oldenburg. The move would in effect simply codify what has become a political fact. 
  • Mexaca FlagDominion of Mexaca: The Prime Minister of the newly created Dominion of Mexaca, Cesar Tontaltec, starts the rebuilding process for the nation. Consulates and government buildings are set up in the new capital of Zapoteca (OTL Monterrey). The name reflects a link to the nation's past, while the city is meant to be a driving force in the nation's development. The political capital is located in Zapoteca, while the cultural capital remains in the old capital of Danibaan. Tontaltec meets with Britannian diplomats to streamline the process of setting up the new dominion. Basic infrastructure is restored, many citizens recruited to rebuild roads, bridges and boats. Prime Minister Tontaltec believes that employing the masses of impoverished people will help the struggling economy. Basic goods also resume production - fruits, vegetables, flax, timber, fisheries, etc. While most of the population speaks a regional dialect of Spanish (with a strong Zapotec influence), English is introduced, and will slowly be built up as the main language of the nation. The new Flag of Mexaca is colored in red, white, and blue, to show ties to Britannia. It also displayes the icon of the Mexacan cross, a symbol popularly used by churches in the nation. Note: The proper denonym for Mexaca is Mexacan, not Mexican. 
  • The Empire of Britannia: (Copy-pasting for Andy) Many ships are modernized and replaced to keep the British Royal Navy a powerful force on the high seas. The Empire enacts a new series of reforms designed to better govern the numerous holdings of the Empire. The Empire, having had many years of isolation and inactivity on the global scale, rejoins the world stage. The first modernization steps are taken to streamline the military forces. The Crown Colonial Association also decides to also streamline the Borealian colonies. The former L'nu nation is integrated into New Dublin to form the Dominion of Arcadia. Other nation changes include economic reforms to restart the sluggish economy and a greater focus on military technology. The military is updated. A new model for economic production is released in homes of bolstering Britannia's economy, one of the leading economies in the world. The efforts come after many years of flagging production and scientific stagnation. Nowhere are these reforms more found than the colonies, where governors have been told to move away from a purely exploitive model to a more productive, economic model. The hope is by freeing up some of the labor force that was once used for exploitation, and use that force in a more efficient capacity, that profits and production would rise. Parliament clamors for continued updates to infrastructure and technology. The Britannic war of succession finally appears to be over with King James officially coronated at the Tower of London as Emperor James of Scotland, Ruler of Britannia and her holdings, Defender of the Faith, Most August. James will consider entertaining the Oldenbuger request in regards to officially ending the civil war and provide the former house with some position. In the meantime, the former emperor flees to a safe haven in Hamburg. The Council of Kent is convened to end the succession crisis. Emperor James states that he will allow the House of Hamburg to remain nobility and offer the family control over Arcadia. In other news, Parliament declares war on Spain citing the strengthening of ties with France an overall increase in tension between the once cordial nations. The bulk of the Britannic navy is assembled and begins the trip to Spain. Troops are directed from the Navy as well as land forces through France. In Borealia, The Dominion of Arcadia, New Cambridgeshire and New Guerney also aid in the effort. In a speech to Parliament Emperor James laments his nations decision but firmly stands behind the parliament and armed forces in this matter. Ties with France are further strengthen by the combined effort. The Emperor plans a visit to the Prime Minister of Mexaca to discuss the future between the nations. Troops are sent to help fight the Spanish off.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well. The Emperor visits Glasgow for the wedding of noblewoman Cassandra De' Levae, wife of the Duke of Westminster in a surprise visit keen on proving that he is open to reconciliation with the House of Hamburg.
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand the navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • Dominion of Arcadia: Continues to expand 1000 sq km west and south. A large influx of settlers arrive from Eire. The new realignment of the two colonial holdings of L'nu and New Dublin see a massive increase of settlers as the new dominion governor enacts more reforms targeted toward economy and finance.
    • New Cambridgeshire: New Cambridgeshire expands by 1000 sq km west. Colonists begin to explore around the region and begin to have a large fishing boom. The Port of New Oxford is expanded to handle excess ships from Britannia and other European nations. A large influx of settlers arrive from Britannia, fueled by the fears and rumours of war. Due to the recent influx of furs, the local population booms. Shipping also booms as many new merchant vessels are constructed to meet demand. The Borealian colonies all expand inland 1000 sq km.
    • Colony of New Guerney: A flood of immigrants arrives at Port William on the island of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola) as the colony continues to experience an unprecedented influx of colonists. The colony expands 1000 sq km inland. Several new industries emerge as an increased demand for merchant marine ships rises. The Royal Navy attempts to gain a handle on the piracy situation. However, several small port towns of grown to harbour pirates due to the influx of money.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • Crown Colony Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largely ignored.
    • Colony of Durbin: The colony of Durbin expands along the western coast of Australia from the former settlement that crashed there so long ago. With contact and resources flowing in from Britannia a minor boom is witnessed (colony expands 1000 sq km south along western coast).
  • Roman Empire: The Empire celebrates its unprecedented victory in the war against Spain and the liberation of Rome. Roman forces come home to massive applause in the streets and both Emperor Andrew I and the Senate are acclaimed for their victory. Despite this victory, Andrew I is an old man and he is not expected to last much longer. With his son dead, one of his two grandsons is expected to succeed him as Emperor. The Empire does what it can to solidify its gain in Italy, and rebuilds roads, forts, and cities after the destructive war. Trade routes, long damages from the war yet mostly untouched within the eastern Mediterranean, are re-established in order to bring Roman trade power back up to its prime while also expanding Roman influence, as Rome is now one of the most powerful states in the world. Industry slowly starts to build up in the Empire, as people rush to the cities in Greece and Anatolia in order to get jobs at factories, while plants begin to be built along rivers in order to use them for their power. Relations with new nations such as Navarre, Aragon, and Mexaco are established in order to expand Roman influence and trade in the world. The military, already with high morale after the war with Spain, continues to train and improve itself, in case of any revolts or invasions by another power. After many years, Andrew I honors the promise made by his predecessors and formally integrates Egypt into the Empire as an Archonate, adding its military and navy into that of the Empire and also bringing in Egyptian senators and officials into the Imperial government. With the changing political calculus in Kiev and the Tatary, Roman and Gothic officials begin constructing border defenses along the Gothic-Tatary border. The offer of the Arabs is accepted to a moderate degree, and some advanced ship designs and weapons are sent to them, although not all.
    • ​​Reme: The colonies begin to recover after the war. Most of the colonies weren't directly sacked or occupied by enemy forces, but some cities were shelled and trade routes are of course in disarray. As such, trade routes are rebuilt slowly and new nations and areas to trade with help that effort greatly. Cash crops grown in the climate also help recover that problem, and crops such as cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo all help the colonial economy. An expanding base of plantation owners, both Roman and Native, help expand the economy as well as local governmental management. Cities like Reme and Patrapolis continue to grow in both economics and population, and such cities become the heart of the colonies. Southern Florida, once held by the Prussians, then the French, and finally the British, is incorporated as part of the colonies. The region is united with much of the north as the region of Seminole, named after the native peoples of the land. Their native rulers and chieftains are, as with all others, brought in as local governors along with the immigrant Roman colonists. As a result of this, the colony begins to grow and expand in the north by 50 sq km.
    • Lutriwita: With the Spanish defeated, the local Spanish administration is deported back to Spain and a small wave of Roman governors and colonists migrate to the island. Luckily, most of the natives are more or less unharmed by the brief Spanish period of occupation, and the Romans do what they can for them in order to civilize them and allow them to contribute to the rest of Roman society. The Roman colonial government tries to do this by missionary work, teaching them Greek and Latin as well as their own native language while also teaching them advanced topics such as construction and material sciences. Meanwhile, Roman merchants and landowners struggle to find a way of creating an economy on the island, although they make some inroads with timber and mining while also beginning to explore limited agriculture. In the meantime, the Romans add to whatever Spanish fortifications were constructed on the island and also station a few ships and troops at the island, in order to protect against pirates, enemy nations, or hostile native tribes. Expansion on the island continues by 50 sq km.
    • Georgia: Georgia continues to move along as a vassal of the Roman Empire. The kingdom follows the Empire and Bulgaria in forming a competent economy and decent population growth. The economy of Georgia grows thanks to wine production as well as more material goods like mining and timber. Trade routes with Gothia and Greece carry these goods to other parts of the Empire and the rest of the world. The armed forces of Georgia, mainly designed to protect the country in case of invasion, stages war games to train themselves and they also establish some hill forts in mountain passes in the Caucasus in case enemies from the Tartary decide to make a play for Georgia. Georgia also more and more becomes the center of Roman authority in the Caucasus region, as it has higher population and more strategic value compared to Armenia.
    • Armenia: Armenia remains quiet, which is good for a region that some speculate is the most dangerous in the Empire. Armenians from the Damascan Sultanate immigrate to Armenia in order to be with their countrymen, and this allows the population and economy to grow. Armenian military forces continue to patrol the border, as the forces of the Muslim Damascan Sultanate surround Armenia on two sides. The Armenian economy grows based on export of material goods such as timber and precious metals.
    • Bulgaria: Bulgaria is a remarkable region of the Empire, as it has been a region of remarkable growth. The population continues to grow slowly as all other regions of the Empire are, and the economy also grows thanks to increased production of sophisticated goods like weapons and material goods like wine and valuable metals. Many of the Bulgarians begin to appreciate the Empire and the benefits that it brings, such as citizenship and expanded economic opportunities. Bulgaria, as the closest vassal not yet an Archonate in the Empire, is the fastest to be integrated, as it lies not far from the main centers of power such as Adrianople and Constantinople. The Bulgarian military, which played a crucial role in the Italian war, continues to train arm itself.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. The Inter-Republic Road network is officially opened. The Science and technology aspect of Pskov is not overlooked either. As prosperity in the nation increases, the amount of money and new people investing in institutions of higher learning. As such, the various schools that existed in Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve unite and form the "University of Nizhegorodsk", beginning a rivalry between it and Pskov. The Grand Senate meets again and discusses the issue of the war in Spain extensively, and end by giving the ultimate decision on whether or not to prolong neutrality (especially in lieu of the riots) to the Electoral council, who is to meet later this year to decide to reaffirm or oust Supreme Prince (and Bajan) Ivan. Another big thing to happen this year is the approval of an all-union flag, a red-blue-white tricolour (OTL Russian Flag), with white representing Finnic peoples, Red representing Germanic peoples, and Blue representing Slavic peoples, all represented in equal bands to show unity and equality of all in the UK . The Pskovians want to encourage immigration from Russia, and are somewhat more successful with the Muscovite serfs, who can move around freely with their landlord's consent. This puts much issues with the leadership of Novgorod and Muscovy, who think Pskov is just looking for a fight. The Ruble is becoming more and more used and is becoming the unofficial currency of Russia. The idea of currency reform, to reform it to a decimal system is put out, in order to simplify much trade (even though it is already simple enough with multiples of 20). Zlatobrezhie becomes more and more wealthy as more people get used to over 100 years of Pskovian governance. The Pskov Imperial Company appoints Anton Grigorich Volinskiy as the head of the Pirate Hunting initiative. After much pressure, The Pskov Imperial Company strengthens the defences of the Pskovian Isles, and decides to offer pirates an official pardon for their crimes, so long as they give up their ship and riches, and return to Europe to live their lives as common civilians. However, if caught a second time, there would be no pardon and they would be turned over to the colony they were captured closest to, to await their fate. After almost two years of conversations, the Grand Senate, now short many members, agrees that given poland's recent declarations, them doing nothing will make them look weak, and the fact that the colloquially-named "unholy" alliance is re-instituting serfdom must not stand. Einzbern makes a clear stance, and fully mobilizes the nation with siege engines to "re-institute democracic order against this illegal coup d'etat". This creates a spike in his popularity. The Story about how the so-called Royal alliance sent back the heads of the union officials that went to set up things makes the rounds throughout the nation, and riles up people for war. More people sign up as the Union forces make heavy gains into Royal alliance territory, In June the Battle and siege of Vilnus sees one of the largest defeats in military history, where 67,000 union forces faced 55,000 Royal Alliance forces sent to alleviate the siege. After three days of fighting, much of that force ends up dead, captured or deserted, and the remaining Union force of 58 000 proceeds to besiege Vilnus until its capitulation in late July falls and much of the Lithuanian coastline is captured, with small incursions into Prussian territory. With union succeses, many of the local peasants are incentivised to resist their noble overlords. Much more conflict happens, and by the end of the year, After this battle, forces capture most of the Lithuanian territory by the end of the year, and begin pushing into Prussia, gaining the support of the local farmers as they are freed from their serfdom, and hapily accept the union into their homes and cities, some of them even joining union armies to replenish their ranks.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti upgrades its naval capabilities and military. A sharp divide occurs in the Republic of Eesti between the constituent republics of Narva and Taalinn. FFully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de facto slavery. The civil war continues ...
    • Latvia works on its economy and improving the GDP. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the Lithuanians and Prussians institute de-facto slavery. The civil war continues ...
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff. The Prime Minister attends the Grand Summit. The Lithuanian Seima officially declares it the Successor state to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and amends the constitution to state so. As such, many wish 
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care for the fate of the "lesser" nobility). Nikolaus Hohenzollern does his things and whatnot as governour. the Hohenzollerns take advantage to rile support for the old system. Enough time has passed for people to grow rather cynical, and thus some support for a return to at least partial aristocracy has become to increase. political leaders come to pskov to discuss things as tensions decrease due to Conciliatory attitudes.
    • The Belarus Military is improved as the Road network continues being built. After the Grand Summit, Knyaz-Namestnik Dmitri Shevchenko, and Glava-Dumi Nikolai Prakazov, having signed the Pskov Concordat, both endorse the document and emplore the Duma to ratify it. The Pskov Concordat is ratified. With any remaining signs of the revolt gone due to persistent stuff of martial law, the martial law is lifted and full rights are restored to citizens. The Government of Belarus sets up a system whereby people may place grievances and be heard by a court to determine if they need compensation. Fully mobilize military to support Pskov and the union in upholding union ideals and not letting the lithuanians and prussians institute de-facto slavery. The civil war continues...
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune. The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland throughout the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouvelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The king is outraged, for such freedom given to the Rhenish kingdom so much betrayal! In an act of sheer punishment he declares an all out war against the rebels and the nobles he dispatches a coalition army of around 400.000 hundred troops (from all around the empire) to quell the uprising. in the now called French Borealia, the displacement of small Spanish settlements begin, offering a free ride for them to return back into Castile, and exchange or sell their possessions in the colonies or swear allegiance to the King.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The loyalist declares war to the Rhenish rioters.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The kingdom declares war to the Rhenish rioters.
    • Sardinia-Corsica: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Sardinian language has lowered its usage to only 10% of the population of Sardinia (roughly 50,000 people) with the speaking African (43%) and French (38%) or Vandalian (9% African Rhenish German dialect) and with the vast majority being able to speak both African and French (that is more or less 85% of the nation's population). The population is stable at 500,000 people. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The African language has become the de facto leading language surpassing every other (outside of French) being spoken by the 2.3 million people living in the country as either native or second language. Vandalian, however, dominates area of Tripolitania's coast with a population of around 5000 speakers in the region. French is still the main language officially. Trading outposts begin to be made in the border of the country to trade with Tuareg and inland tribes. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue being built to outlying villages and plantations continue being built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The nation prepares an army for the conflict in Britannia. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, Danzig asks a diplomatic meeting with Pskov, Croatia and Poland's leadership within the city.
    • Cahokie: Christianization of the locals continues. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. Sends supplies to the Rhenish War.
    • Madasikara: Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up.
  • Lombardy: We continue rebuilding the nation after the recent war with Spain. The military is reformed from the foundation of units formed during the war, and trained to adequately defend the nation. This turn is officially dedicated to economy or military. We continue influencing Switzerland.

Footnotes

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