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1690 to 1699 (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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Archive Twenty-Nine:

1680 - 1689

Archive Thirty:

1690 - 1699

Archive Thirty-One:

1700 - 1709

This page is an archive for the Principia Moderni III map game, from 1690 to 1699.

1690

PMIII 1690.4
The Four way incident in the imperial Sea begins to spark issues as the major powers of Britannia, Spain, France, and the Netherlands all look to assert their various trade routes rather than back down. War looks to be inevitable as all attempts at diplomacy begin to be ignored by Various aristocrats looking to take advantage of the developing situation.

A Bavarian settler and trade fleet on the way to their colony in the Former mississippia gulf coast territory is disrupted by privateers from France and Britannia both mistaking the fleet for a Hispanian treasure fleet. Minor casualties are incurred on all sides but this still leaves Bavarian people outraged with the French and Britannians bringing a Bavarian voice in the the developing Crisis in Western Europe.

With the division of the Caucasus, the Roman Empire and the Damascan Sultanate have obliterated all potential buffers for conflict between the two states. Many Damascans frown upon the fact that Damascus so easily gave up on Anatolia and Egypt, areas once densely populated by Muslims. Some Damascans see war with the Roman Empire as inevitable and believe that they should strike first, reclaiming traditionally Muslim areas.

The Japanese emperor, already angry with the Spanish for the assault on his ships, is insulted by a Spanish delegation, the ambassador seeing the Japanese as nothing more as people to be colonized greatly insults the Emperor who sees the honor of his people tarnished by this. 

  • Damascan Sultanate: Sultan Sulimen V dies on his 63rd birthday. Prince Sulimen VI is made Sultan and promotes migration to Damascus (دمشق) as it now numbers 435,000. Damascus has grown huge now, and continues to as it is now the largest city in the Damascan Sultanate. The military is expanded. Antioch's (أنطاكية) population grows to 245,000.  The people continue to rally toward Islam. As an Arab nation now begins to enter the land with good Turkish relations the people seem to be happier. We continue modernizing and upgrading our guns. The total census of the Damascan Sultanate has risen to 27.7 million. Relations with Urdustan are increased. Light flintlock muskets are heavily in use and well advanced; designing guns that are faster, more efficient, and lighter. Jerusalem (القدس) grows to 290,000. Prince Sulimen VI is now 40. Prince Sulimen VI has a son with Princess Aasmaa he is named Sulimen VII. Damascus and Suri enter a Dynastic Union. We send camel riders into center Arabia to begin exploring the edges. We increase relations with the Suri Empire and Demak Sultanate. We continue to help the Kingdom of Nubia become Islamic, we send more holymen to spread the word of Muhammad and God. Sulimen VII is 20. 50,000 soldiers are sent into Jerusalem to calm the riots. Religious harmony is pushed in the city. The new sultan explains to the people of Jerusalem: "Regardless that the nation in which Jerusalem is governed over happens to be Islamic, the city of Jerusalem is a key city in all three major Abrahamic religions. If any groups are started or officiate themselves in taking responsibility for the riots they will be removed immediately by force by the Damascan military. I cannot stress how important the peace in Jerusalem is to the rest of the world. Jerusalem is a small representation of harmony throughout the world. If the three major religions cannot tolerate each other in one city then it will be a heading for nations around the world to find reasons to not get along based on religious morals. I urge you all to forget about the deep rooted tensions in your personal beliefs and accept one another for who they are. We all believe in the almighty god, and are all God-fearing. We have this bond amongst ourselves, and it should be that we co-operate with one another that way Jerusalem can be a golden example to the rest of the world as to why different religious nations should work together instead of against one another." the Sultan, Sultan Sulimen VI stepped down from the main heading at Jerusalem and was escorted to the villa in Jerusalem. He stations 5000 soldiers around the villa, and 20,000 around the villa walls. 25,000 others were sent to the Jewish, Muslim, and Christian districts to help rebuild homes, pay tributes, donate, and build hospitals and schools throughout the city. Jerusalem is being built to be the Jewel of all religions, and should be cherished for its harmony throughout its reputation to other nations. We request a suitable bride from the Dutch, somewhere from 16-26.
    • Aleppraqht (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): Trade is increased and now extravagantly reaching Africa has made Aleppraqht a vital economic trading area on the coast of Eritrea. Census is taken totaling: 60,000. Economy expands. Ships are constructed.
    • Dhubab (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): The vassal remains to be a key focal point for the exit of the Philadelphi Canal. Economy and infrastructure expands. With the small 10 px expansion in Africa, Dhubab now strengthens its hold as the jewel of the Sanaamarib Strait. Ships are constructed.
    • Cairo (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): Economy and infrastructure expands. Cairo's (القاهرة) population rises to 345,000. As many of the Muslims throughout Aegypt now face fealty under Roman rulership flock to the great Muslim city, in haven to be in an Islamic community. We continue expanding the port city, on the small bit of coast to be connected with Damascan proper. Ships are constructed.
    • Sanaamarib (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): With the new province in Yemen being swathed, the Sultan Sulimen V begins extensive trade routes with the vassal in Africa. We expand military. Ports are constructed, and a navy is continued to be built. Ships are constructed. Centralization begins and the differences of culture begins to splice.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. Trade also increases with Oldenburg as per the agreement. The Bank of Hamburg begins increasing its investment in Oldenburgs economy and its businesses. Trade also increases with Aceh, with Hamburgian imports becoming a growing part of its local economy.
  • The Kiatagmiut Band expands along the coastal regions of the Ogulmiut Band. We continue to interact with other Yupiks and the Alutiiq. The emphasis on trade remains. Meanwhile, the Nivkh fleet which is exploring around our oceanic regions encounters a walrus domesticator and herder named Salutinuk, who decides that he wishes to go to the Nivkh lands and help with their domestication. He pleas the government who agree as long as the Nivkhs give us new technologies and food products to harvest.
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz.
  • Suri Empire: Prince Fadeel Khan Lari is in need of a wife, the Sultan goes to his neighbors in Urdustan. Sultan Asad Khan Lari weds his daughter, Princess Aasmaa to Prince Sulimen VI of The Damascan Sultanate, creating a dynastic rule. Sultan Asad Khan Lari, after seeing immediate success of opium in Multan, he promotes the production of cannabis (indica) Border patrols continue. We continue to expand our military, bringing it to 175,000. The sultan sends a permanent unit to defend (OTL) Fort Landi Kotal. After years of research, the students of Kahn Pir Islam developed a method to produce firearms at a much higher rate. Friendly relations with Urdustan and Lanka continue. We start vassalizing Tibet (Turn Three of Eight). The Sultan promotes local governors who are loyal to the thrown to lead all vassals of the Empire. Our small navy continues to grow, we now have 16 ships. With the growing navy, we can better protect our trade ships.
    • Marwar (vassal of the Suri Empire): Promotes Islamic growth. Military expanded and borders are heavily patrolled. Economic supplies are sent to Suri proper. Positive trading continued with Urdustan.
    • Delhi (vassal of the Suri Empire): Promotes Islamic growth. Infrastructure is expanded. With the construction of (OTL) Fatehpuri Masjid brings in Muslims from all over South East Asia. Economic supplies are sent to Suri proper. Positive trading continued with Urdustan.
    • Multan (vassal of the Suri Empire): Wāli Ahkeen Farooqui promotes the growth of tobacco and poppy (opium). Opium dens become popular. Our economy is expanded. Economic supplies are sent to Suri proper and positive trading is continued. with Urdustan.
    • Ladakh (vassal of the Suri Empire): Military is expanded. Seeing the success of opium in Multan, the local governor orders the commissions local farmers to start growing opium. Economic supplies are sent to Suri Proper. Positive trading continued with Urudstan.
    • Port Hejaz (Red Sea): Wāli Abduhl Achbaar continues to expand Port Hejaz's infrastructure. Our navy is expanded to 12 ships from our original ten. We continue friendly trade relations with Rome.
    • Port Majaphit (Philippines): Sultan Asad Khan Lari allows the locals to elect their own governor. After tallying the votes, the people have voted into office Wāli Fahim Hadiz Iqbal, who comes from a wealthy mercantile family and supports the throne. His first order of business is start building a fleet to trade with his allies in the Indian Ocean.
  • Empire of Japan (Personal Union With Manchuria): The military/economy is built up. A Japanese colonialist named Yokohama comes to the court of the Emperor Yoshi II. He is tried for disloyalty to the emperor and not worshiping Shinto. He dies after a long, painful, tortuous death. The minorities, as well as unhappy colonists and non-Shinto followers, launch a military coup on the capital. The emperor, a follower of the samurai, had lost a fight with another person. This meant to Yoshi II to commit suicide in a ritual, surrounded by many loyalists. However, as he died without an heir, someone had to become the new one. After some more fighting, the opposition wins and transforms Japan into a monarchial empire, with Yokohama's son Yokohama II, as emperor. However, Due to recent reports that the economy is falling, Emperor Yokohama II is poisoned by bad wine, brought from Spanish merchants. His son, Horiyōshi Yokohama III, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarch's rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised upon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. Furious with Spain insulting Japan, war os declared and troops are mobilized across the pacific ocean to interfere with Spanish trade routes.
    • Ainu (Vassal of Japan): The economy is improved. Trade ships are starting to be built, so the Ainu can trade more with Japan and their companions. Troops are sent to the war.
    • Japanese Manchuria (Colony of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 50 ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1690.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs.
    • Taiwan (Vassal of Japan): Economy is improved. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan. Troops are sent to the war.
    • North Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to North Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
    • South Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to South Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control. .
  • Manchu Empire (Personal Union With Japan): With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Horiyōshi Yokohama III succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy, therefore importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchase battleships from Japan. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Hailar Khaganate: With the defeat of the guerrilla forces in Hailar, Manchu control over the state was set up. The Emperor Qing Fúlín Shùnzhì, appointed Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon as the Governor of the state who in turn introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Mangut Nivkh Tribes.[Mil/Eco Turn]
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to prosper in this time of peace. The economy continues to grow as the trade networks across the Empire become more solidified and trade networks outside of the Empire continue to expand, particularly in eastern Asia and Borealia. The military and the navy continues to train, practice, and learn new techniques as they are discovered. The military eventually rises to about 200,000 trained soldiers, although not all of those soldiers are on duty all the time for economic concerns. Troops of all ethnicities are trained to keep the army diverse and the ethnic groups unified. The various Archonates continue to be integrated with new infrastructure, new trade connections, and a newly increasing sense of Roman "identity." Some expansionists begin to wonder why Egypt has not yet been added to the Empire as a full Archonate yet, although the Emperor assures them that it will happen. The reign of John IX has been relatively peaceful and prosperous, with minimal incidents. An attempted overthrow happened, but that was short and rapidly crushed by the army. The policy toward the Turks, numbering about two million out of an Empire of 23 million, remains the same, and a few hundred to a thousand Turks are estimated to leave the Empire each year. Cities like Ancyra, Nicaea and Ephesus continue to grow, further fortifying Roman control over western Anatolia. Military outposts along the border with the Damascan Sultanate are constructed and fortified, as the Emperor notices that there are now no buffer states between the two rising powers. Influence in vassal states continues to grow, and the Roman political and economic sphere continues to expand and consolidate its gains. The offer of the Cherokee is accepted, and Cherokee ambassadors are invited to Reme to discuss what they have planned.
    • Reme: The colony continues to prosper from the growth of cash crops and their export. Along with the native issue, some troops and militia as well as allied natives join in the fight to defeat the raiders and conquer their lairs. The native states are defeated and their lands placed under military occupation pending an increase of relations and better governance. Expands in the north by 20 pixels. The issues with the pirates begins to come to the attention of the colonial government, and steps are taken in order to cut down on piracy, including increased patrols. Increasing bureaucracy in the colonies is careful to facilitate cordial relations between the natives and colonists. Economic growth, particularly in Antillia, drive the colonization process further. Cooperation with the natives increases to further protect the mainland colonies, while better fortifications and shipyards are constructed in order to better protect the colonies.
    • Egypt: Egypt begins to recover from the war. With almost all of the Muslim inhabited lands of the state stripped from it, Egypt is now mostly Christian, although the rights of the Muslims remaining are not infringed upon. Food begins to be grown again, and this helps the population recover from ages of war. The Roman military garrison largely maintains order, while a 25,000 man Egyptian force is trained to help protect the nation and the canal. The Grigius family returns from Greece to rule over Egypt once again, and they are met with some enthusiasm. The previous royal family is deposed from ruling but they are not harmed and are allowed to maintain their nobility, as relatives to the current king. Other nobles who were loyal keep their nobility, and commoners who remained loyal to Rome are given nobility and automatic citizenship. As the population continues to grow, it centers around the cities of Alexandria, Damietta, Luxor, and the newly refounded Berenice. Alexandria becomes a shining city on the banks of the sea and the Nile, and it is widely admired. Berenice is growing well, and the trade from India and China makes the city expand much more quickly. Large ships are sent around the Cape of Africa to serve as trade ships at Berenice. The population still remains mostly agricultural at this time. The revolt of the border town is easily put down by the military occupation force, but the lesson of the revolt is not lost on the Occupation Force and most of the Imperial government. Steps are taken to prevent or otherwise cut off revolts when they start, and as such some of the cultural laws and ideas initiated in the previous period of Roman rule are to be restored, with the rest restored over time. With the problems of the canal, the Roman military occupation and the native Egyptian military set up patrols along sections of the canal to ensure that raids are not too damaging. At the same time, the military tries to pinpoint the origins of these raids and take them out at the root. Military and economic growth and stability is the next major project for the Egyptian government. Egyptian officers are trained at military academies in Roman cities such as Constantinople, Adrianople and Sparta while Egyptian merchants are invested in and trained by Roman merchants. By now, most of the institutions of the Egyptian state have been rebuilt to some degree and are firmly integrated with their Roman counterparts.
    • Georgia: The Roman military occupation is largely frowned upon by the locals. However, the locals do approve of some aspects. They do approve of Roman occupation rather than Damascan occupation, and the fact that the Bagrationi Dynasty still rules earns some decent respect for Roman authority. Roman authorities work with the Bagrationi Dynasty to help bring improvements to the region and its people. Infrastructure is repaired from the war and new roads and buildings are constructed to benefit both the occupation and the native people. To help earn the loyalty of the native population, the Laz people, related to the Georgians themselves, are persuaded to gradually move from their homeland in northern Anatolia to join their brothers in Georgia. The existing Georgian navy is enrolled into the Imperial Navy while new Georgian merchants and military officers are enrolled in education programs to better integrate them with existing Imperial system.
    • Armenia: The country of Armenia faces a bit of a problem. The Roman occupation force, as a general precaution, did not allow the Bragationi family remain in control of both Armenia and Georgia. As such, the need for a royal was the first challenge to be addressed. After much consideration in the Imperial court of Constantinople, it is decided that the Lusignan Dynasty of former Cyprus and Armenian Cicilia will take the throne, as some yet still live in Constantinople and have displayed considerable loyalty to the Empire a few decades after the fall of Cyprus. The new dynasty is enthroned on New Years Day, and the new king and the Roman occupation force begin eagerly in making Armenia a safe and prosperous place. Merchants and military officers are trained in ways similar to their Georgian counterparts, while border posts are constructed along the southern border with the Damascan Sultanate. In contrast with the Georgians, the Armenians are relatively glad to have Roman rule, as the Damascans directly invaded Armenia and threatened the populace.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. A few Shinto missionaries from Jejudo help out Japan in Vietnam to bring Shinto there.
  • Ming China: The Chinese continue to expand their economy and military.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland through the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Empire continues starting to prepare for another invasion in Cahokie region and Baie d'etoiles as Bayougoulaa has been named (after the king decided it fit his desire) begins to be heavily populated by French, mostly farmers and fur traders, for now small cotton productions continue popping out and growing as well as tobacco plantations in the area of OTL St Francisville called St Louis de Rouge. The colony is divided in three districts, Cahokienne districts (the thin continuous line up north) The Baie d'etoiles district (OTL Bayogoulaa). After several years of relative peace the French Empire prepares for a new war: the invasion of the Nehilaw, the country is fastly mobilized and the navy is prepared to deploy 150,000 soldiers from Europe to meet up with colonial forces (125,000 from Nouvelle Orleans (Colombia), 25,000 from Chateau d'or (French Central America) 20,000 from Jamaica and 30,000 from Rouenelle (Louisiana). We condemn the Invasion of Hesse but desire to remain neutral on the subject for the time, we offer the Westphalian monarchs to take refuge in the kingdom of Rhineland 50,000 mercenaries are sent to the Brussels government as the king sees the change of strengthening the relationship with the Dutch by helping the rebels from Brussels. However, this contingent is unofficial and not much news is spread of this through the empire. The Annexation of Neu Franken is made official under the Name of Nouvelle Artois and the Zollern Islands Renamed Illes Carolinnes. The French began building up their defenses along the river and troops began moving en masse to the Regions of Nouvelle Artois and Rouenelle. The nation is outraged by the Breton assassination, However, the king decides to await for a more favorable time to punish the Breton Killing, The king, however, warns the Bretons and States clearly, "Any further damage to a French citizen in their territory or piracy or any sort of attempted attack at the Kingdom's subjects will be viewed as a war declaration and the rather view towards the Breton that France has kept will change rather quickly. Blockades to Breton traders begins in the territories of the French Empire.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The French influx in the southern areas caused by over population of the northern areas of the country (mostly around the capital, Rouen and Nantes) a few regions begin to officially allow French as co-official language while others are still deeply Germanic. While this, throughout the entire country deep cultural change undergoes as the country feels different from the French nations, however, no longer sees itself as a nation under the HRE German influence and have lost respect at their failure to protect them.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.The war troops return as the war ends later on the year. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Uprisings begin in Sardinia for further freedom and desire of independence from the French monarchy and the African Kingdom. However, for the time being African peoples influx continue entering the country. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The local language in Africa continues growing as most of the population (83% of 1.53 million) the rest speaking some Germanic languages (mostly from Rhenish settlers) with 8%, Arabic with 4% and Sardo-African with 5%.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue to be built to outlying villages and plantations continue to be built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, the establishment of the City as a Vassal of France after the occupation of the city since 1655.
    • Cahokie: The country receives huge numbers of French settlers slowly displacing the local tribes fleeing to other tribal kingdoms in the region. Christianization begins. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. Cedes its southern portion of territory to the colony of Rouenelle. The Western Half of Chahta and Chickasha are annexed by the kingdom, while the rest is rewarded to the Colony of Rouenelle
  • |onte: Population grows by 50,000 people. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX, interested in the formalism of European laws and nation starts thinking of ways to consolidate |onte, such as a flag, motto, coat of arms, capital, etc. A regimentation of the "gift-based" economy has been noticed by scholars. Though transactions do not occur, per se, it is considered very rude not to reciprocate a gift. However, they need not be of equal value. The knowledge and education in Kunene spread on a slight scale, as authors, story tellers, philosophers and other intelligentsia leave their work out to gain recognition, often taken home by farmers from the countryside, the farmers, who grow far more than they will need, leave their rice in the grain storage. A trend has appeared for women to cover their breasts. However, the trend is mostly confined to Kunene. Mon XI sends his 200k strong Eheresito hu |onte to begin mining for diamonds that were recently encountered, greatly boosting the economy, allowing for food imports, and the buying of ships. |onte's navy reaches a large size after many years of buying from France.
  • Hispania: The Kingdom of Spain itself begins to see a small demographical decline as the immigration to colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise the populaton hovers at 15.2 million. The Spanish nobility even sees a large sort of Decline as many of the younger sons and daughters go to the Spanish colonies as the example has been set by the Royal Familiy. The Commercial reforms for the empire reach completion with a notable increase in the economy as a result. Cape Ferdinand gains further investment as gold, and other raw materials have been discovered of worth within the previously port/trade oriented colony. The royal government continues to develop plans for the eventual reconquest of Hawaii. The Hispanian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more Third rates, and fourth Rates with the occasional Second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets. The Hispanian Navy sends forces to handle Japan during the Trade war. The Spanish bring a new innovation to the musket, adding an attached bayonet to the weapon turning it into a permanent gun/spear without having to fix the Bayonet. It it kept out of the line of sight of the shooter
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army now consists of 30,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. Italy continues its economic buildup become a large part of the Spanish economy. The Italians show some minor unrest under the Spanish but the growing Hispanicized populace in Southern Italy is beginning to overtake various cultures within the southern territories. Some cultures such as Sicilian one of the most dominant in Southern Italy have become a closely tied culture with Spanish with a common "Hispanian" Culture beginning to develop in the Historic Kingdom of Naples area as well as farther within Italy now as well
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a trade fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The Kingdom of Lombardy continues its development of its armed forces, being aided by a domestic arms industry. The Economy of the kingdom officially becomes fully tied with the empire. The Navy of the kingdom is minor standing at 25 ships. The Military stands at 25,000
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavily under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses. The population of Morocco is at an estimated 2.5 million with many being of mixed race or Spanish origin. The Moroccan culture, however, is wholly Spanish. The Moroccan nation sees some emigration from the nation to Spanish colonies but sees no real drain as many of them are Berbers or Mestizos looking for work other than farm work in Morocco.
    • Kingdom of Algiers: With the conquest of Algiers the Moroccan state continues to occupy and pacify Algiers flooding it with new Spaniards as nobles. The Imperial system is established in Algiers and a local force of about 2000 is established and run purely by the Spanish. The economy is obviously weak but begins to be recovered due to inclusion into the Spanish system. The Kingdom of Algiers is established and many Muslim fighters and their families are exiled into the deserts with the government unwilling to deal with the ultra-orthodox or radical Muslims. The Algerian kingdom begins using low class Muslim labor to begin working on canals much like Morocco. With recent history in Morocco many Algerians simply emigrate from the area to avoid wholesale slaughter or forced slave labor. Along with this many begin to convert as Christianity takes dominant presence due to a large Spanish settler class in Algiers of nearly 20,000
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Spain's massive West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Spain and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about two million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had. The Spanish settlers in the Kongo only number about 1000.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.5 million with many living within the Cuba island territory. Morelia officially finishes its expansion having nowhere else to go. Its armed forces reach force of about 5000 Colonial Spaniards supplied by the Spanish from home.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand. The mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha - a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha drops to barely six million as the disease has ravaged the massive nearly untouched indian community in the western states. This has a massive impact as the vulnerability of the natives is considered a breaking point for the Spanish attempts to recruit them for a labor force.
    • Zapoteca: The Protectorate of Zapoteca after years of expanding begins the major integration of the new territories looking to integrate them fully. With a population of about four million Zapoteca re-arms its military into a force of about 40,000. Zapoteca also begins to consider Redistricting with more authority over Tenocha being granted while Itzapam is ceded to Morealia. The Zapotecan fleet is expanded further and a coastal highway is built up and connected with roads in Tenocha. Zapoteca boasts a large Mestizo population but also maintains a moderately sized New World born Spanish population which administrates a good amount of the Zapotecan territories
    • Mission of New Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the unorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the unorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezian military is Raised to nearly 25,000 from its new Italian territories and exiles all Germans/Austrians from the territory only leaving Italians and Hispanians (Hispanicized Italians) Venezia continues its integration of the new territory. Venezia continues on a massive path toward hispanicization.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 75,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy - in order to expand the food supply of the large colony - expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. New Spain reaches a population of nearly 4.3 million and growing through immigration and domestic growth as well as inclusion of hispanicized natives and unhispanicized natives. The Viceroyalty with full authority of the Emperor issues a series of land grants to respectable people along the Interior territories and along the West Coast of the continent throughout Chile, this puts the Mapuche and Chilean territories officially under control of New Spain. With this inclusion the vast new tracts of territory begin to be settled further to expand existing internal cities. Along with this the attractiveness of Cash cropping leads many to take out loans from the Royal Bank in New Spain which begins the development of further cash croppingsuch as cotton, yerba mate, wheat, barley, grapes, and a host of other cash crops keeping the crops on a rotationary cycle in order to keep prices in a fluctuation over the years and for field rejuvenation. The Viceroy of Spain, Alfonso Di Habsburg brother to the Emperor officially creates the Provincial divisions of New Spain in order to facilitate better ruling. The various empty by claimed or sparsely settled territories are split into developmental captaincies until a certain level is achieved in order to bring these territories onto the correct level with the coastal portions of the viceroyalty
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand rises to 105,000 colonists as many new settlers arrive due to the investment. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 75 px. Settlers along the Orange River begin an ambitious irrigation project. The Orange River settlers begin to mine diamonds.
    • Viceroyalty of New Granada: The Viceroyalty of New Granada sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 100 px. The colony's population expands to around 375,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the city of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 35,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco City. New Granada begins seeing some native resistance but forces many out in favor of settlers, Some native groups, however, seem rather keen on assimilation with the Spaniards adopting Spanish culture, Spanish language, and in some cases marrying Spanish men, and working for Spanish people. With life on the frontier rather hard, the Spaniards have great welcome for cheaper workers who are willing to adopt all aspects of Spanish culture. Taking a cue from the conquests of territory in New Spain by the natives, the Colonial forces here use a divide and conquer strategy pitting some native tribes against each other and then eliminating the survivors. New Granada with its various mountains and with some territory in the valley secured, begins to implement the learned inca method of terrace farming which is standard even in Spain at this point. The farming in general begins to show promise as surplus yields begins to show. The Forests in the area begin to be cut for ship building which quickly picks up as various Spanish trade companies and even the highly militarized Spanish Asian companies begins picking up on these developing the local economy into something impressive. Various cash crops also begin to be grown - most particularly cotton and now Grapes as well as the hybrid grape is bred and planted.
    • Philippines:Spain continues to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. Investment from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Philippines officially becomes the hub of the Spanish military in Asia. 2500 troops from the Philippines (most of them Spanish) are deployed to Burma to crush the revolt. Talks of turning the Philippines into a Crown Viceroyalty go underway. The Philippines shows notable Spanish settlement with nearly 3000 Spaniards living on the islands, mostly in Manila. Philippines sends its own fleet to handle the Japanese for the trade war
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy. The protectorate of Oyo expands its armed forces to nearly 20,000 all made up of some of the minorities in the area and led by Spanish officers. A large community of Spaniards begins to develop on in the protectorate with about 3000 people between Spaniards, and Hispanicized Italians living along the coast.
    • East African Protectorates: The military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe. The potential division of the EAP is proposed with Madagasikara, Maputo, and Mozambika becoming three separate entities within the Empire. This decision shows a great deal of support as the decentralized nature of the current governmental force has become a major issue in dealing with the three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port. The company navy along with Madras maintains nearly 70 ships for personal use 20 of these being top-of-the-line warships. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company. 2000 troops from Khambhat are deployed to help in Burma
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambhat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 120,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Greater Cochin: The Protectorate of Greater Cochin is formed following the revolt of the noble and with this the nobility more or less are forced to give up their titles. They are all more or less replaced with a Spanish aristocracy which now run the country. With this the unification of Dawei and Shan under Cochin the new state begins an aggressive integrationist policy. The Sepoya troops in Cochin are expanded to nearly 8000 and the economic policies are used to increase the productivity of the territory. The Greater Cochin area now houses nearly 1000 Spanish marines now using it as a major base of operations in the region. Cochin deploys its forces to fight the Japanese.
    • Shanghai: The city of Shanghai - due to its presence on the mainland of China proper - becomes a massive economic and trade port for the empire only just a few years but with direct access to Chinese goods coveted by Europe a huge volume of trade ships numbering in the hundreds flood the port purchasing the goods and transporting them across the Pacific via Spain global trade route. Shanghai hears of the first potential immunization for smallpox via Chinese texts and begins looking into it. The Sepoya troops of Shanghai are officially drawn down to about 5000 for the time being with it being split with a Japanese force and a Shanghaian Force of about 2500 apiece both led by Spanish officers and troops. Shanghai is named the headquarters of the overseas South China Sea Company and manages to secure 500 elite Spaniard troops to guard the interest in China. The newly built trade port of Heian is put under Shanghai's operational umbrella on the island of Hainan. Shanghai joins the war against Japan.
    • Qingdao:Qingdao - due to further distance - is set up as another South China Sea Company ruled territory and the good from the area are used to attract traders here as well. This is done to prevent the city of Shanghai being the only major Spanish Chinese port. The company invests into a force of about 1000 to hold the city and now about 30 top-of-the-line ships. Qingdao joins the war against Japan.
    • New Aragon: New Aragon is officially established as an independent viceroyalty with the discovery of another organized state in Australia with plans to begin expansion around 1700. The Areas shows a large influx of Spanish military settlers looking to keep any hostility down on the continent of Australia. The Force here is at about 300 with a grand total population of about 2000. The emerging importance of this territory becomes increasingly important as New Catalonia is given ten top-of-the-line ships, and about 500 marines to keep the area a major territory of Spanish influence
  • Scandinavian Empire: As peace is restored after the Alleghany Wars, Scandinavia proposes the creation of a new colony in the area called Jansylvania, named after Jans Eriksen, who discovered the area in the early 1500s. The capital is set at a trading post deep in Alleghany territory. The city is called Fritzborg after the general in charge of taking the land. Explorers work to explore lands along the Ohio River and along the Great Lakes. In the meantime, Scandinavian traders in the Sri Lanka region bring back with them a dodo bird. These birds, which have become increasingly rare, have captivated and marveled the Scandinavian public. It survives the voyage back to Scandinavia. There, King Kristoffer takes an interest in purchasing the bird. He does so and keeps one of the last known dodos as a pet. The economy expands.
    • Helluland: The economy is established.
    • Huronsmark: The economy is improved.
    • Iceland: The economy is improved.
    • Jansylvania: The economy is expanded.
    • Karelia: The economy expands.
    • New Gotland: The economy expands.
    • Schleswig: The economy is expanded.
    • Sjösmark: The economy is expanded this year as new rifles make it to Sjösmark.
    • Strombek: The economy is expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km.
    • Vinland: The economy is expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km
  • Ayutthaya: We continue influencing our annexed regions of Laos and Cambodia and we continue our larger military presence. Ayutthaya is now split into four districts due to the expansion of many districts. We invest further into farming into our Southern Districts and Eastern Districts. We also expand our military bases in the Eastern Districts. We continue our population of the Ayutthayan Nicobar with the population now reaching 165,000.
  • Empire of Urdustan: Several Urdu merchants continue to sponsor gem mines in the Mogok area of Ava, due to the high concentration of gems such as rubies, sapphires, garnets and moonstones, and the first of many mines begin to return with more successes. Construction of ships based upon Castilian designs, granted to us by them, continues, in order to further our efforts to explore and trade. New crops continue to enter into several plantations, opium and cannabis. With the increasing popularity of wood-block printing, works in Urdu/Hindi are created and stored in large amounts, in order to further cement the change in Urdustan. Efforts to better the military continue with a mandatory rearming of the noble levies, with the Emperor offering to pay half the costs per noble, and with any noble refusing to do so, being met with increasingly less beneficial trade interaction by other nobles and foreign merchants. The Islamization of Urdustan continues from an increase in missionary activity. The construction of the observatory allows for Urdustani examination of the stars, and they begin to use translations of European texts to facilitate their own, independent observations. Trade with Kham continues, as well as financial offerings to stabilize their economy. The Emperor returns to the throne after a period of sickness, but finds that much of the administrative decisions of the Empire are still within the council, which refuses to grant them back unless certain demands are met.
    • Swargadeo of Barphanivāsa: (Barpha nivāsa kē rājya, برف مکان کی بادشاہی): The Swargadeo of Trans-Assam continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. The land reclamation, having been going on for decades, is extremely successful in creating viable farmland for rice, grain and other staple crops, increasing Kamarupa's population and their yearly trade output. In the newly conquered regions of Tibet, there is a beginning of attempts to cultivate the land to farm potatoes and cotton mainly. However, since this is fairly early in the efforts, herding of yaks, goats, cattle, and sheep remain the economic mainstay of the Tibetan region. Efforts to convert the new peoples begins in full as missionaries enter the country with administrative rights. A grant is given by the Urdustani Emperor for the Swargadeo of Barphanivasa to establish an observatory in the Himalayas. Work begins immediately (Turn One of Five).
    • Rayja of Vijaynagara (وجینگر کی بادشاہی, Vijayanagara kē rājya): The Rayja of Vijaynagara, still ruled over by the Urdustani Emperor, begins to see some reforms. These reforms include making it easier for Hindus to become part of the noble caste, lowering their taxes and requirements. To compensate for this loss of Islamic power, however, schools increasingly put more emphasis on learning Urdu, an Islamic language in the Arabic script.
    • The Plutocratic State of Jaunpur (جونپور کے بہت سے پردانوں ریاست, Jaunapura kē ka'ī ra'īsōṁ rājya): Now vassalized by Urdustan, their debts begin to disappear quickly as either Urdustan begins the process of paying off the debts of Jaunpur to Urdustan by purchasing noble seats for Urdustani nobility. This flood of Urdustani nobility leads to a more reformed military in regards to Urdustani tactics, as well as an economy more specialized and focused on producing less types of goods, but many of them.
    • The Sultanate of Deccan (دکن کے سلطان, Ḍēkkana kī saltanata): Now vassalized by Urdustan, their debts begin to disappear quickly as either Urdustan begins the process of paying off the debts of Jaunpur to Urdustan by purchasing noble seats for Urdustani nobility. This flood of Urdustani nobility leads to a more reformed military in regards to Urdustani tactics, as well as an economy more specialized and focused on producing less types of goods, but many of them.
    • The Rayja of Sindh (سندھ کی بادشاہی, Sindha kē rājya): Now vassalized by Urdustan, greater focus begins to be put on its shipping industry and infrastructure to transport items to ports, so as to maximize the amount of income from its farmland in regards to potatoes, indigo and opium. The military begins to be reformed to more Urdustani tactics.
      • Suri/Udustani Dip: After many years as neighbors, it is time to join our two nations in matrimony. The prince, Fadeel Khan Lari, has taken an interest in you princess.
      • Ignore that, I have olms and goats and a laptop -Sky
  • Grand Croatian Bajanate (Veliki Hrvatski Bajanat): Economy turn. The organizational reform continues, and the monetary reform begins, and from now on Croatia will use the "kuna" as the currency. The Sabor reform ends. The educational reform begins with the creation of new universities in Red Croatia, White Croatia and Carantania (and to a lesser extent in Poland) and the blossoming of numerous new writers who, unlike before, adopt an writing style by looking up to the Ancient Greek and Roman writers. The Čudoljubovo University's works are slowly being copied and transferred to Red Croatia, primarily Zadar and Zagreb with both having major universities either built or improved such as the Zagreb University, consisting of natural sciences, philosophy, law and theology (prirodoslovlje, mudroslovlje, pravo i bogoslovlje). Timurism is deemed heresy and begins losing the little followers it had. Ragusan culture begins gaining more influence in all of the Bajanate. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Bajanate. With growing Ragusan influence, and the begining of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory.
    • ​Banate of Red Croatia: Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined.
    • Polish Banate (Poljski Banat): The Polish Banate grows relatively independently, although a part of the Bajanate, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Ban is elected by it while the Bajan only confirms him.
    • Podbanate of Dahomej (Podbanat Dahomej): The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Banate of White Croatia (Bijelohrvatski Banat): The White Croats spread the White Croat amongst those who still consider themselves not-Croats. Preparations are made to unite with the Red Croats in order to create a fully unified Croatian nation.
    • Podbanate of Carantania (Podbanat Karantanska): Croatization continues, starting with removing any pro-Austrian threats. The idea that Carantania is Slavic since the Carantanian Slavic tribe settled there spreads and is used to bring the Podbanate closer to the Banate.
    • Isles of the Grand Bajanate: The colonizers push inward, expanding onto the unsettled part of the isles. Croats primarily begin settling the new lands.
    • Carantanian Island (Karantanski Otok): The colony expands by 200 sq km.
  • Mangut Nivkhgu: Nation expands 10,000 sq km in Kamchatka. Salutinuk is welcomed and dispatched to Kamchatka where the climate is suited for the walrus industry. Trade is opened with the Kiatagmiut, focusing on Mining and Iron working equipment.
  • Wu China: Military improves.
  • County of Oldenburg: Trade increases with Hamburg, and the Jade and Episcopal banks are encouraged to invest in Hamburger projects. With the increasing levels of instability, the military is built up quite substantially. More army units are sent to the Borealian colonies, out of fear for their safety in any future wars. More ships are also tranferred to the Borealian Station.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The hard-working Prince-Bishop puts a lot of the nation's energy towards urban renewal projects, such as fixing dilapidated buildings and roads.
  • Nehilaw Sachemate:' Modernization continues, with numerous European immigrants accelerating technological advancements. Much of the upper class now speaks French in addition to Cree, and interest in French culture and food grows. Meanwhile, farmers in northern areas finish domesticating captured musk oxen, in order to replace cattle, which generally die in huge numbers every winter. Nomadic herding, of reindeer, musk oxen and horses, increases in importance. Tsicha continues to be produced. The addition of certain herbs gives it hallucinogenic properties, making it far more popular than previously. The military grows, especially the navy. Cavalry increases in importance, while the navy and merchant marine reach a far larger size and efficiency from years of purchase, both from France and on the black market. Nehilaw traders plan a massive voyage to reach Europe for the first time, but this will probably not occur for some time, due to the logistics. Fishing continues to expand its importance to the Nehilaw economy, especially the massive cod fisheries off Newfoundland. Fishermen there come into contact with Croatian settlers, to general surprise. Fishermen build a seasonal fishing camp on the island of Igulik (OTL Belle Isle). A man who stays there over the winter freezes to death, but the island's useful location is nonetheless valuable to fishermen.
    • Chippewa: The economy improves while numerous Crees immigrate.
    • Mackinac: The economy improves.
    • Odawa: The economy improves.
    • Chisasibi: The economy improves.
    • North Ojibwe: The economy improves.
    • Nipissing: The economy improves.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1690, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz, Landshut continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Dominic I, aged 31, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Rome, and Bohemia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In domestic news, King Franz-Dominic continues attempting to propagate the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 50% of Bavaro-German secondary speakers in Franken-Sachsen, and uptick of 35% of primary speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 5000 remaining in Saxony, and 5000 in Thuringia. With the Bohemian revolt, Leopold orders that several infrastructure projects be started in Brandenburg and Pomerania instead of Bohemia. The 5000 troops in Bohemia are split and diverted to Osterreich and Brandenburg/Pomerania. 2500 arrive in Osterreich, while 1000 and 1500 arrive in Brandenburg and Pomerania, respectively. The King sends financial and food aid to Austria, and announces that the Bavarian crown will pay for 35% of all infrastructural renovations in Austria, Brandenburg, Pomerania. In royal news, the King's children are: Maria (born 1684). In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In social and political news, the actions of the Bavarian crown in dealing with Austria, Brandenburg, and Pomerania have become widely known and popular. Several scholars at the Isabell University in Munich have labelled the relief efforts as a Restoration. Soon, many people refer to the massive tax cuts, infrastructural reconstructions, and general aid as Restoration. When dealing with the south, many in Bavaria label the restoration as Austrian Reconstruction. Army reforms continue, making substantial progress in modernizing the standing forces, in part by sweeping away feudal levies. In political news, Franz-Dominic I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In cultural news, Wolfgang Diefenbach establishes himself as a prominent European scientist, and immediately sets up a proto-salon in Berlin. In political news, several parliamentary factions spring up in the Curia Bavaria. Several factions are opposed to both the existence of the Curia Austria as well as the latter's call for a larger, country-wide parliament. In diplomatic news, the Privateering crisis, formerly between the powers of France and Spain, now comes to the Bavarian doorstep. A number of 112 Bavarian settlers on their way to Pearl River are halted by French and British forces mistaking them for Spanish pirates. Two Bavarian men die in the incident, after having engaged British soldiers shortly after the Bavarian ship was boarded. Three French and British soldiers also died in the scuffle. The news of this incident reaches the Bavarian continent in mid-September, and outrage is particularly prevalent in Landshut, which soon spreads to the rest of the nation. Anti-French and Anti-British sentiment rises fairly quickly, which King Franz-Dominic I and the Curia notice immediately. Many members of the Curia Bavaria and Austria themselves call for punishment concerning the French and British. In a brief, informal speech to Parliament on October 12, the King urges parliamentarians to consider the entire event, specifically how it was an accident, and Bavarians were never the target of this incident. He continues to urge Bavarian neutrality in the Privateering crisis. With a clear diplomatic policy to follow, King Franz-Dominic I sends an a quite angry envoy to both Paris and London. The envoy demands that the French pay a total sum equivalent to 300,000 reichstalers in response to killed Bavarian subjects. Furthermore, the French King must immediately apologize to Franz-Dominic I for his lethal accidents. Franz-Dominic expects the same of the British King. If these demands are not met, Franz-Dominic I threatens the severing of diplomatic relations and large-scale embargoes and tariffs.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law.
    • Grand Duchy of Franken-Sachsen: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I, aged 31, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Leopold normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Duchy of Neustadt: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The ports of Fehmarn are expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Osterreich (Austria) in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. King Leopold orders that 5000 troops be sent to Austria to standby. Food and financial aid is sent to Austria, primarily to Vienna and surrounding cities. Furthermore, Leopold sends messengers to Vienna officials noting that the Bavarian crown will be paying for 50% of all Vienna-based infrastructure projects. He also notes that the taxes of the Austrian populace will be moderately lowered, lower than pre-war levels, in the face of the devastation of the war. He also announces aid will be increased over the next few years. In early 1667, an Austrian scholar and merchant, named Karl Manzkari, establishes a trade outpost in Vienna. Initially attracting local merchants, it soon amasses a large array of traders, mostly from northern Austria. In 1668, Karl Manzkari establishes a much smaller outpost in another section of Vienna, hoping to attract more business. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for King Leopold II.
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 186 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is tentatively popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separte legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue to be constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria, and perhaps a large legislature servicing all Bavarian realms, one which would be an Upper house while the Curia Bavaria and Curia Austria would be regional lower houses.
    • Margraviate of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Margrave Albert II, age 30, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Brandenburg in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Albert orders that several infrastructure commissions are created in order to repair the extreme damage to Brandenburg after the war. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Brandenburg. Wolfgang Diefenbach's first scientific meeting in Berlin is successful. The first scientific meeting will occur in 1675. Young Albert is married off to Maria von Hamburg. Margrave Albert II has two children, Karolina (born 1679), and Albert (born 1683). Albert II and Maria have a child this year, who they name Albert.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Ballard, age 50, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Pomerania in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Franz-Ballard orders that several repairs commence on the several ports in Pomerania, including heavy repairs on the main ports. This is done to revitalize trade, commerce and transport as soon as possible. Later on, Leopold and Franz-Ballard plan on touring Pomerania in order to make it known that he holds no ill will for any Pomeranian. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Pomerania. Mary of Pomerania is married to Henry von Hamburg in a matrilineal match, so children would be under the Wittelsbach dynasty. Franz-Ballard, knowing he is unable to produce children, and does not care much for another marriage, declares Mary to be his heir. Princess Mary and Henry von Hamburg have a daughter in 1687, who they name Margaret.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, and Berlin. Adalbert Völcher, Edmund von Rot-Pferd, and Markus-Paul Ehrbach are among the most prominent merchants and leaders in the RBSC.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers namePerlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself.
  • The Cherokee Nation: ends its military expansion with General Galegenoh stopping the eastward push into the nomadic territory east of the Cherokee nation. The Cherokee nation instead focuses on military upgrades and improvement, with the great General Galegenoh marching back to the capital. Crown Prince Waya and Princess Ama of Shawana prepare for the royal wedding and the union of the Cherokee and Shawana nations. The King sends Prince Sequoyah back to Reme to discuss plans for the war against the Creek Mvskoke Etvlwv nation. Military build up happens, the nations prepare for war, and the dynastic union agreements are put in place.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. Knyaz-Namestnik Fredrik Hohenzollern is named the eventual "Acting Sovereign" by a decision after this year's Grand Summit, when they decided who would take oin the Responsibilities of the 68-year old Supreme Duchess in the eventual case of her demise. Another thing that came out of this year's Summit is the plan for a connected network of roads to increase communication between all the UK republics. The first steps to build a united road network is begun "To rival that of ancient Rome" at the City of Narva, where the first cobble roads are laid out, and construction begins to connect Pskov, Taalinn, and Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve. This is especially important because the city lies at the border, and the decision to start there only shows co-operations between all states involved. In any case, the situation in Danzig calms a bit. However, tensions remain high. The PIC goes to France to try to purchase the Caroline Islands, the southern of which they were already de facto administering anyway. In any case, Pskovian military and Navy get a slight boost due to the Economic growth occuring. Cash crops in the Americas such as cotton farmed in the Bahamas and Sugar and the like farmed in the Leeward Islands are big commodities in Europe and bring the PIC, and therefore Pskov, profit. Gold is also being mined in Zlatobrezhie which brings profit. Meanwhile, there, many administrators are now local, and Pskov are simply now the higher-ranking officials, already infiltrating the language and high culture, with many wealthy Zlatobrezhians gaining and education in the University of Pskov. The first Academy is opened in Zlatobrezhie, run by the church, and as missionaries continue the work of thse sent before them, stuff happens, and Christianity grows. In any case, some traders set up shop in Senegal for the first time. The Pskovians manage to procure a trade deal with the local governement, and the PIC opens its first branch in the Senegalese capital. From there, they plan on discovering every resource exploitable, this multinational corporations will not elave a single source of income for Pskov untapped. The first meetings with the Etat de Danzig and Croatia to settle the Danzig issue are scheduled for next year. The Events in the Neighbouring Russian states are watched with great intrigue, and a decision is made by the New Veche in a secret session to fund dissent amongst Russians against the tsar, and arm possible "republican" rebels in Novgorod. Much of the support comes from descendants of the Republicans in the Novgorod civil war that fled to Pskov once the civil war in Novgorod was over. Covert agents are sent into Novgorod and some into Moscow to incite crowds against the Tsar. The Events in the Imperial Sea are viewed with much caution, as the PIC debates what to do, In the end, the decision is made to continue trading with everyone, and to pose a position of "armed neutrality" in the conflict. This position is adopted by many members of the Veche, and an act is passed declaring a state of "Readily Armed Neutrality" in the Americas, taking no position, and not firing unless fired upon, and continue to trade regardless of the actions of the parties.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti reacts with indifference to the tensions building up in Danzig. "It's not really our problem, let the United Republic deal with it" is the general sentiment to people that either know about it, or are peripherally involved, like the Riigikogu. In any case the military is upgraded with flintlocks and whatnot. The Peaminister of Eesti agrees to meet in Riga, and attends what he dubbed the "Grand Summit".
    • In Latvia, economic dev happens as farming methods are improved, and Pskovina merchants invest in possible future profits. The President of the Seima attends the Grand Summit.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff, the Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit.
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP, and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care of the fate of the "lesser" nobility). In any case, the Prussian army waits at the gates of Danzig, hoping to gain access to the city. However, the French do not let them in, and refuse to give taxes, as Danzig belonging to France is not official in any treaty, but rather de facto. This is due to the change in administration, and the public outcry by the new leader of the Bundestag. In any case, this might actually harm some people, so many Prussians living in cities watch the situation with great care ... or at least try to in the era of information traveling very slowly. The Chancellor attends the Grand Summit.

1691

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz.
  • Damascan Sultanate: Prince Sulimen VI is made Sultan and promotes migration to Damascus (دمشق) as it now numbers 435,000. Damascus has grown huge now, and continues to as it is now the largest city in the Damascan Sultanate. The military is expanded. Antioch's (أنطاكية) population grows to 245,000. The people continue to rally toward Islam. As an Arab nation now begins to enter the land with good Turkish relations the people seem to be happier. We continue modernizing and upgrading our guns. The total census of the Damascan Sultanate has risen to 27.7 million. Relations with Urdustan are increased. Light flintlock muskets are heavily in use and well advanced; designing guns that are faster, more efficient, and lighter. Jerusalem (القدس) grows to 290,000. Prince Sulimen VI is now 41. Prince Sulimen VI has a son with Princess Aasmaa he is named Sulimen VII. Damascus and Suri enter a Dynastic Union. We send camel riders into center Arabia to begin exploring the edges. We increase relations with the Suri Empire and Demak Sultanate. We continue to help the Kingdom of Nubia become Islamic, we send more holymen to spread the word of Muhammad and God. Sulimen VII is 21. 50,000 soldiers are sent into Jerusalem to calm the riots. Religious harmony is pushed in the city. The new sultan explains to the people of Jerusalem: "Regardless that the nation in which Jerusalem is governed over happens to be Islamic, the city of Jerusalem is a key city in all three major Abrahamic religions. If any groups are started or officiate themselves in taking responsibility for the riots they will be removed immediately by force by the Damascan military. I cannot stress how important the peace in Jerusalem is to the rest of the world. Jerusalem is a small representation of harmony throughout the world. If the three major religions cannot tolerate each other in one city then it will be a heading for nations around the world to find reasons to not get along based on religious morals. I urge you all to forget about the deep rooted tensions in your personal beliefs and accept one another for who they are. We all believe in the almighty god, and are all God-fearing. We have this bond amongst ourselves, and it should be that we cooperate with one another that way Jerusalem can be a golden example to the rest of the world as to why different religious nations should work together instead of against one another." the Sultan, Sultan Sulimen VI stepped down from the main heading at Jerusalem and was escorted to the villa in Jerusalem. He stations 5000 soldiers around the villa, and 20,000 around the villa walls. 25,000 others were sent to the Jewish, Muslim, and Christian districts to help rebuild homes, pay tributes, donate, and build hospitals and schools throughout the city. Jerusalem is being built to be the Jewel of all religions, and should be cherished for its harmony throughout its reputation to other nations. We request a suitable bride from the Dutch, somewhere from 16-26.
    • Aleppraqht (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): Trade is increased and now extravagantly reaching Africa has made Aleppraqht a vital economic trading area on the coast of Eritrea. Census is taken totaling: 60,000. Economy expands. Ships are constructed.
    • Dhubab (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): The vassal remains to be a key focal point for the exit of the Philadelphi Canal. Economy and infrastructure expands. With the small 10 px expansion in Africa, Dhubab now strengthens its hold as the jewel of the Sanaamarib Strait. Ships are constructed.
    • Cairo (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): Economy and infrastructure expands. Cairo's (القاهرة) population rises to 345,000. As many of the Muslims throughout Aegypt now face fealty under Roman rulership flock to the great Muslim city, in haven to be in an Islamic community. We continue expanding the port city, on the small bit of coast to be connected with Damascan proper. Ships are constructed.
    • Sanaamarib (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): With the new province in Yemen being swathed, the Sultan Sulimen V begins extensive trade routes with the vassal in Africa. We expand military. Ports are constructed, and a navy is continued to be built. Ships are constructed. Centralization begins and the differences of culture begins to splice.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. A few Shinto missionaries from Jejudo help out Japan in Vietnam to bring Shinto there.
  • Empire of Japan (Personal Union With Manchuria): The military/economy is built up. A Japanese colonialist named Yokohama comes to the court of the Emperor Yoshi II. He is tried for disloyalty to the emperor and not worshiping Shinto. He dies after a long, painful, tortuous death. The minorities, as well as unhappy colonists and non-Shinto followers, launch a military coup on the capital. The emperor, a follower of the samurai, had lost a fight with another person. This meant to Yoshi II to commit suicide in a ritual, surrounded by many loyalists. However, as he died without an heir, someone had to become the new one. After some more fighting, the opposition wins and transforms Japan into a monarchal empire, with Yokohama's son Yokohama II, as emperor. However, Due to recent reports that the economy is falling, Emperor Yokohama II is poisoned by bad wine, brought from Spanish merchants. His son, Horiyōshi Yokohama III, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarch's rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised upon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. Furious with Spain insulting Japan, war os declared and troops are mobilized across the pacific ocean to interfere with Spanish trade routes.
    • Ainu (Vassal of Japan): The economy is improved. Trade ships are starting to be built, so the Ainu can trade more with Japan and their companions.
    • Japanese Manchuria (Colony of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 50 ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1690.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs.
    • Taiwan (Vassal of Japan): Economy is improved. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan.
    • North Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to North Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
    • South Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get twoyear compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to South Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
  • Manchu Empire (Personal Union With Japan): With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Horiyōshi Yokohama III succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy, therefore importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchase battleships from Japan. With the insulting of Emperor Horiyoshi Yokohama III by Spanish merchants, war is declared upon Spain and the Spanish port at Manchu is attacked. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Hailar Khaganate: With the defeat of the guerrilla forces in Hailar, Manchu control over the state was set up. The Emperor Qing Fúlín Shùnzhì, appointed Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon as the Governor of the state who in turn introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Mangut Nivkh Tribes[Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Sat or Feud, if Manchu too are supposed to get involved in the war then leave this as it is otherwise cross it out. RexImperio (talk) 06:09, November 19, 2014 (UTC)
  • The Cherokee Nation: builds up its military in preparation for the war against the Creek. General Galegenoh moves south to prepare an invasion force to attack the north of the Creek Mvskoke Etvlwv nation. Elsewhere happier times begin following the royal wedding of Crown Prince Waya and Princess Ama of Shawana, forming a dynastic union of the Cherokee and Shawana nations. The child of Prince Waya and Princess Ama is predicted to be a great man who would unite the rest of the land under the guidance of the Cherokee and Shawana. Prince Sequoyah back from Reme to be at his brother's royal wedding begins looking for his own wife, with particular fancy for a royal princess just like his brother.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland through the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Empire continues starting to prepare for another invasion in Cahokie region and Baie d'etoiles as Bayougoulaa has been named (after the king decided it fit his desire) begins to be heavily populated by French, mostly farmers and fur traders, for now small cotton productions continue popping out and growing as well as tobacco plantations in the area of OTL St Francisville called St Louis de Rouge. The colony is divided in three districts, Cahokienne districts (the thin continuous line up north) The Baie d'etoiles district (OTL Bayogoulaa). After several years of relative peace the French Empire prepares for a new war: the invasion of the Nehilaw, the country is fastly mobilized and the navy is prepared to deploy 150,000 soldiers from Europe to meet up with colonial forces (125,000 from Nouvelle Orleans (Colombia), 25,000 from Chateau d'or (French Central America) 20,000 from Jamaica and 30,000 from Rouenelle (Louisiana). We condemn the Invasion of Hesse but desire to remain neutral on the subject for the time, we offer the Westphalian monarchs to take refuge in the kingdom of Rhineland 50,000 mercenaries are sent to the Brussels government as the king sees the change of strengthening the relationship with the Dutch by helping the rebels from Brussels. However, this contingent is unofficial and not much news is spread of this through the empire. The Annexation of Neu Franken is made official under the Name of Nouvelle Artois and the Zollern Islands Renamed Illes Carolinnes. The French began building up their defenses along the river and troops began moving en masse to the Regions of Nouvelle Artois and Rouenelle. The nation is outraged by the Breton assassination, However, the king decides to await for a more favorable time to punish the Breton Killing, The king, however, warns the Bretons and States clearly, "Any further damage to a French citizen in their territory or piracy or any sort of attempted attack at the Kingdom's subjects will be viewed as a war declaration and the rather view towards the Breton that France has kept will change rather quick. Blockades to Breton traders begins in the territories of the French Empire.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The French influx in the southern areas caused by over population of the northern areas of the country (mostly around the capital, Rouen and Nantes) a few regions begin to officially allow French as co-official language while others are still deeply Germanic. While this, throughout the entire country deep cultural change undergoes as the country feels different from the French nations, however, no longer sees itself as a nation under the HRE German influence and have lost respect at their failure to protect them.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.The war troops return as the war ends later on the year. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Uprisings begin in Sardinia for further freedom and desire of independence from the French monarchy and the African Kingdom. However, for the time being African peoples influx continue entering the country. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The local language in Africa continues growing as most of the population (83% of 1.53 million) the rest speaking some Germanic languages (mostly from Rhenish settlers) with 8%, Arabic with 4% and Sardo-African with 5%.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue to be built to outlying villages and plantations continue to be built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, the establishment of the City as a Vassal of France after the occupation of the city since 1655.
    • Cahokie: The country receives huge numbers of French settlers slowly displacing the local tribes fleeing to other tribal kingdoms in the region. Christianization begins. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. Cedes its southern portion of territory to the colony of Rouenelle. The Western Half of Chahta and Chickasha are annexed by the kingdom, while the rest is rewarded to the Colony of Rouenelle
  • |onte: Population grows by 50,000 people. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX, interested in the formalism of European laws and nation starts thinking of ways to consolidate |onte, such as a flag, motto, coat of arms, capital, etc. A regimentation of the "gift-based" economy has been noticed by scholars. Though transactions do not occur, per se, it is considered very rude not to reciprocate a gift. However, they need not be of equal value. The knowledge and education in Kunene spread on a slight scale, as authors, story tellers, philosophers and other intelligentsia leave their work out to gain recognition, often taken home by farmers from the countryside, the farmers, who grow far more than they will need, leave their rice in the grain storage. A trend has appeared for women to cover their breasts. However, the trend is mostly confined to Kunene. Mon XI sends his 200k strong Eheresito hu |onte to begin mining for diamonds that were recently encountered, greatly boosting the economy, allowing for food imports, and the buying of ships. |onte's navy reaches a large size after many years of buying from France.
  • Ming China: The Chinese continue to expand their economy and military.
  • Netherlands: Maurice II now 32 and in need of a queen . The young king vows to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General lead by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation  is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands lead by the university of Brussels. Trader and scientist Philips van Leeuwenhoek discovers bacteria while looking through a microscope his findings are published in the Dutch academic circles (OTL bacteria was discovered by a Dutch in 1676 with the same last name simple doing the honors XD). This is an addition to Pskov's work on biology and opens up the academic circles to greater investment in biology. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin. The Dutch declare full support for Hispania in their war against the Japanese out of fear of growing Japanese power and expansionism. Delagating power to the East India's Company to aid Hispania
      • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei,and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. 15,000 troops are raised (mainly those use during the war with payurung) to combat the Japanese should they decide to attack the east indies. The Dutch fleet in the orient standing at 100 ships is fully mobilized to help with operations. 
      • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company. 
      • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
      • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • County of Oldenburg: Trade increases with Hamburg, and the Jade and Episcopal banks are encouraged to invest in Hamburger projects. With the increasing levels of instability, the military is built up quite substantially. More army units are sent to the Borealian colonies, out of fear for their safety in any future wars. More ships are also tranferred to the Borealian Station.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The hard-working Prince-Bishop puts a lot of the nation's energy towards urban renewal projects, such as fixing dilapidated buildings and roads.
  • Grand Croatian Bajanate (Veliki Hrvatski Bajanat): Military turn. The organizational reform continues, and the monetary reform begins, and from now on Croatia will use the "kuna" as the currency. The Sabor reform ends. The educational reform begins with the creation of new universities in Red Croatia, White Croatia and Carantania (and to a lesser extent in Poland) and the blossoming of numerous new writers who, unlike before, adopt an writing style by looking up to the Ancient Greek and Roman writers. The Čudoljubovo University's works are slowly being copied and transferred to Red Croatia, primarily Zadar and Zagreb with both having major universities either built or improved such as the Zagreb University, consisting of natural sciences, philosophy, law and theology (prirodoslovlje, mudroslovlje, pravo i bogoslovlje). Timurism is deemed heresy and begins losing the little followers it had. Ragusan culture begins gaining more influence in all of the Bajanate. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Bajanate. With growing Ragusan influence, and the begining of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. With Bohemian (and through extent) Silesian border control being accused of crimes against Bajanate citizens, the Treaty of Zlín is to be amended to also annex Silesia and to monitor the border "control" better.
    • ​Banate of Red Croatia: Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined.
    • Polish Banate (Poljski Banat): The Polish Banate grows relatively independently, although a part of the Bajanate, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Ban is elected by it while the Bajan only confirms him.
    • Podbanate of Dahomej (Podbanat Dahomej): The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Banate of White Croatia (Bijelohrvatski Banat): The White Croats spread the White Croat amongst those who still consider themselves not-Croats. Preparations are made to unite with the Red Croats in order to create a fully unified Croatian nation.
    • Podbanate of Carantania (Podbanat Karantanska): Croatization continues, starting with removing any pro-Austrian threats. The idea that Carantania is Slavic since the Carantanian Slavic tribe settled there spreads and is used to bring the Podbanate closer to the Banate.
    • Isles of the Grand Bajanate: The colonizers push inward, expanding onto the unsettled part of the isles. Croats primarily begin settling the new lands.
    • Carantanian Island (Karantanski Otok): The colony expands by 200 sq km.
  • Nehilaw Sachemate:' Modernization continues, with numerous European immigrants accelerating technological advancements. Much of the upper class now speaks French in addition to Cree, and interest in French culture and food grows. Meanwhile, farmers in northern areas finish domesticating captured musk oxen, in order to replace cattle, which generally die in huge numbers every winter. Nomadic herding, of reindeer, musk oxen and horses, increases in importance. Tsicha continues to be produced. The addition of certain herbs gives it hallucinogenic properties, making it far more popular than previously. The military grows, especially the navy. Cavalry increases in importance, while the navy and merchant marine reach a far larger size and efficiency from years of purchase, both from France and on the black market. Nehilaw traders plan a massive voyage to reach Europe for the first time, but this will probably not occur for some time, due to the logistics. Fishing continues to expand its importance to the Nehilaw economy, especially the massive cod fisheries off Newfoundland. Fishermen there come into contact with Croatian settlers, to general surprise. Fishermen build a seasonal fishing camp on the island of Igulik (OTL Belle Isle). A man who stays there over the winter freezes to death, but the island's useful location is nonetheless valuable to fishermen.
    • Chippewa: The economy improves while numerous Crees immigrate.
    • Mackinac: The economy improves.
    • Odawa: The economy improves.
    • Chisasibi: The economy improves.
    • North Ojibwe: The economy improves.
    • Nipissing: The economy improves.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1691, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz, Landshut continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Dominic I, aged 32, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Rome, and Bohemia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In domestic news, King Franz-Dominic continues attempting to propagate the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 50% of Bavaro-German secondary speakers in Franken-Sachsen, and uptick of 35% of primary speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 5000 remaining in Saxony, and 5000 in Thuringia. With the Bohemian revolt, Leopold orders that several infrastructure projects be started in Brandenburg and Pomerania instead of Bohemia. The 5000 troops in Bohemia are split and diverted to Osterreich and Brandenburg/Pomerania. 2500 arrive in Osterreich, while 1000 and 1500 arrive in Brandenburg and Pomerania, respectively. The King sends financial and food aid to Austria, and announces that the Bavarian crown will pay for 35% of all infrastructural renovations in Austria, Brandenburg, Pomerania. In royal news, the King's children are: Maria (born 1684). In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In social and political news, the actions of the Bavarian crown in dealing with Austria, Brandenburg, and Pomerania have become widely known and popular. Several scholars at the Isabell University in Munich have labelled the relief efforts as a Restoration. Soon, many people refer to the massive tax cuts, infrastructural reconstructions, and general aid as Restoration. When dealing with the south, many in Bavaria label the restoration as Austrian Reconstruction. Army reforms continue, making substantial progress in modernizing the standing forces, in part by sweeping away feudal levies. In political news, Franz-Dominic I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In cultural news, Wolfgang Diefenbach establishes himself as a prominent European scientist, and immediately sets up a proto-salon in Berlin. In political news, several parliamentary factions spring up in the Curia Bavaria. Several factions are opposed to both the existence of the Curia Austria as well as the latter's call for a larger, country-wide parliament.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law.
    • Grand Duchy of Franken-Sachsen: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I, aged 31, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Leopold normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Duchy of Neustadt: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The ports of Fehmarn are expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Osterreich (Austria) in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. King Leopold orders that 5000 troops be sent to Austria to standby. Food and financial aid is sent to Austria, primarily to Vienna and surrounding cities. Furthermore, Leopold sends messengers to Vienna officials noting that the Bavarian crown will be paying for 50% of all Vienna-based infrastructure projects. He also notes that the taxes of the Austrian populace will be moderately lowered, lower than pre-war levels, in the face of the devastation of the war. He also announces aid will be increased over the next few years. In early 1667, an Austrian scholar and merchant, named Karl Manzkari, establishes a trade outpost in Vienna. Initially attracting local merchants, it soon amasses a large array of traders, mostly from northern Austria. In 1668, Karl Manzkari establishes a much smaller outpost in another section of Vienna, hoping to attract more business. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for King Leopold II.
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 186 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is tentatively popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separte legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue to be constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria, and perhaps a large legislature servicing all Bavarian realms, one which would be an Upper house while the Curia Bavaria and Curia Austria would be regional lower houses.
    • Margraviate of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Margrave Albert II, age 31, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Brandenburg in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Albert orders that several infrastructure commissions are created in order to repair the extreme damage to Brandenburg after the war. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Brandenburg. Wolfgang Diefenbach's first scientific meeting in Berlin is successful. The first scientific meeting will occur in 1675. Young Albert is married off to Maria von Hamburg. Margrave Albert II has two children, Karolina (born 1679), and Albert (born 1683). Albert II and Maria have a child this year, who they name Albert.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Ballard, age 51 continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Pomerania in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Franz-Ballard orders that several repairs commence on the several ports in Pomerania, including heavy repairs on the main ports. This is done to revitalize trade, commerce and transport as soon as possible. Later on, Leopold and Franz-Ballard plan on touring Pomerania in order to make it known that he holds no ill will for any Pomeranian. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Pomerania. Mary of Pomerania is married to Henry von Hamburg in a matrilineal match, so children would be under the Wittelsbach dynasty. Franz-Ballard, knowing he is unable to produce children, and does not care much for another marriage, declares Mary to be his heir. Princess Mary and Henry von Hamburg have a daughter in 1687, who they name Margaret. Princess Mary has a son this year, who she names Franz-Heinrich.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, and Berlin. Adalbert Völcher, Edmund von Rot-Pferd, and Markus-Paul Ehrbach are among the most prominent merchants and leaders in the RBSC.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers namePerlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself.
  • Hispania: The Kingdom of Spain itself begins to see a small demographical decline as the immigration to colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise the populaton hovers at 15.2 million. The Spanish nobility even sees a large sort of Decline as many of the younger sons and daughters go to the Spanish colonies as the example has been set by the Royal Familiy. The Commercial reforms for the empire reach completion with a notable increase in the economy as a result. Cape Ferdinand gains further investment as gold, and other raw materials have been discovered of worth within the previously port/trade oriented colony. The royal government continues to develop plans for the eventual reconquest of Hawaii. The Hispanian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more Third rates, and fourth Rates with the occasional Second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets. The Hispanian Navy sends forces to handle Japan during the Trade war. The Spanish bring a new innovation to the musket, adding an attached bayonet to the weapon turning it into a permanent gun/spear without having to fix the Bayonet. It it kept out of the line of sight of the shooter
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army now consists of 30,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. Italy continues its economic buildup become a large part of the Spanish economy. The Italians show some minor unrest under the Spanish but the growing Hispanicized populace in Southern Italy is beginning to overtake various cultures within the southern territories. Some cultures such as Sicilian one of the most dominant in Southern Italy have become a closely tied culture with Spanish with a common "Hispanian" Culture beginning to develop in the Historic Kingdom of Naples area as well as farther within Italy now as well.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a trade fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy The Kingdom of Lombardy continues its development of its armed forces, being aided by a domestic arms industry. The Economy of the kingdom officially becomes fully tied with the empire. The Navy of the kingdom is minor standing at 25 ships. The Military stands at 25,000.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella.
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavily under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses. The population of Morocco is at an estimated 2.5 million with many being of mixed race or Spanish origin. The Moroccan culture, however, is wholly Spanish. The Moroccan nation sees some emigration from the nation to Spanish colonies but sees no real drain as many of them are Berbers or Mestizos looking for work other than farm work in Morocco.
    • Kingdom of Algiers: With the conquest of Algiers the Moroccan state continues to occupy and pacify Algiers flooding it with new Spaniards as nobles. The Imperial system is established in Algiers and a local force of about 2000 is established and run purely by the Spanish. The economy is obviously weak but begins to be recovered due to inclusion into the Spanish system. The Kingdom of Algiers is established and many Muslim fighters and their families are exiled into the deserts with the government unwilling to deal with the ultra-orthodox or radical Muslims. The Algerian kingdom begins using low class Muslim labor to begin working on canals much like Morocco. With recent history in Morocco many Algerians simply emigrate from the area to avoid wholesale slaughter or forced slave labor. Along with this many begin to convert as Christianity takes dominant presence due to a large Spanish settler class in Algiers of nearly 20,000
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Spain's massive West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Spain and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about two million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had. The Spanish settlers in the Kongo only number about 1000.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.5 million with many living within the Cuba island territory. Morelia officially finishes its expansion having nowhere else to go. Its armed forces reach force of about 5000 Colonial Spaniards supplied by the Spanish from home.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand. The mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha - a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha drops to barely six million as the disease has ravaged the massive nearly untouched indian community in the western states. This has a massive impact as the vulnerability of the natives is considered a breaking point for the Spanish attempts to recruit them for a labor force.
    • Zapoteca: The Protectorate of Zapoteca after years of expanding begins the major integration of the new territories looking to integrate them fully. With a population of about four million Zapoteca re-arms its military into a force of about 40,000. Zapoteca also begins to consider Redistricting with more authority over Tenocha being granted while Itzapam is ceded to Morealia. The Zapotecan fleet is expanded further and a coastal highway is built up and connected with roads in Tenocha. Zapoteca boasts a large Mestizo population but also maintains a moderately sized New World born Spanish population which administrates a good amount of the Zapotecan territories
    • Mission of New Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the unorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the unorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezian military is Raised to nearly 25,000 from its new Italian territories and exiles all Germans/Austrians from the territory only leaving Italians and Hispanians (Hispanicized Italians) Venezia continues its integration of the new territory. Venezia continues on a massive path toward hispanicization.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 75,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy - in order to expand the food supply of the large colony - expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. New Spain reaches a population of nearly 4.3 million and growing through immigration and domestic growth as well as inclusion of hispanicized natives and unhispanicized natives. The Viceroyalty with full authority of the Emperor issues a series of land grants to respectable people along the Interior territories and along the West Coast of the continent throughout Chile, this puts the Mapuche and Chilean territories officially under control of New Spain. With this inclusion the vast new tracts of territory begin to be settled further to expand existing internal cities. Along with this the attractiveness of Cash cropping leads many to take out loans from the Royal Bank in New Spain which begins the development of further cash croppingsuch as cotton, yerba mate, wheat, barley, grapes, and a host of other cash crops keeping the crops on a rotationary cycle in order to keep prices in a fluctuation over the years and for field rejuvenation. The Viceroy of Spain, Alfonso Di Habsburg brother to the Emperor officially creates the Provincial divisions of New Spain in order to facilitate better ruling. The various empty by claimed or sparsely settled territories are split into developmental captaincies until a certain level is achieved in order to bring these territories onto the correct level with the coastal portions of the viceroyalty
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand rises to 105,000 colonists as many new settlers arrive due to the investment. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 75 px. Settlers along the Orange River begin an ambitious irrigation project. The Orange River settlers begin to mine diamonds.
    • Viceroyalty of New Granada: The Viceroyalty of New Granada sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 100 px. The colony's population expands to around 375,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the city of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 35,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco City. New Granada begins seeing some native resistance but forces many out in favor of settlers, Some native groups, however, seem rather keen on assimilation with the Spaniards adopting Spanish culture, Spanish language, and in some cases marrying Spanish men, and working for Spanish people. With life on the frontier rather hard, the Spaniards have great welcome for cheaper workers who are willing to adopt all aspects of Spanish culture. Taking a cue from the conquests of territory in New Spain by the natives, the Colonial forces here use a divide and conquer strategy pitting some native tribes against each other and then eliminating the survivors. New Granada with its various mountains and with some territory in the valley secured, begins to implement the learned inca method of terrace farming which is standard even in Spain at this point. The farming in general begins to show promise as surplus yields begins to show. The Forests in the area begin to be cut for ship building which quickly picks up as various Spanish trade companies and even the highly militarized Spanish Asian companies begins picking up on these developing the local economy into something impressive. Various cash crops also begin to be grown - most particularly cotton and now Grapes as well as the hybrid grape is bred and planted.
    • Philippines:Spain continues to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. Investment from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Philippines officially becomes the hub of the Spanish military in Asia. 2500 troops from the Philippines (most of them Spanish) are deployed to Burma to crush the revolt. Talks of turning the Philippines into a Crown Viceroyalty go underway. The Philippines shows notable Spanish settlement with nearly 3000 Spaniards living on the islands, mostly in Manila. Philippines sends its own fleet to handle the Japanese for the trade war
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy. The protectorate of Oyo expands its armed forces to nearly 20,000 all made up of some of the minorities in the area and led by Spanish officers. A large community of Spaniards begins to develop on in the protectorate with about 3000 people between Spaniards, and Hispanicized Italians living along the coast.
    • East African Protectorates: The military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe. The potential division of the EAP is proposed with Madagasikara, Maputo, and Mozambika becoming three separate entities within the Empire. This decision shows a great deal of support as the decentralized nature of the current governmental force has become a major issue in dealing with the three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port. The company navy along with Madras maintains nearly 70 ships for personal use 20 of these being top-of-the-line warships. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company. 2000 troops from Khambhat are deployed to help in Burma
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambhat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 120,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Greater Cochin: The Protectorate of Greater Cochin is formed following the revolt of the noble and with this the nobility more or less are forced to give up their titles. They are all more or less replaced with a Spanish aristocracy which now run the country. With this the unification of Dawei and Shan under Cochin the new state begins an aggressive integrationist policy. The Sepoya troops in Cochin are expanded to nearly 8000 and the economic policies are used to increase the productivity of the territory. The Greater Cochin area now houses nearly 1000 Spanish marines now using it as a major base of operations in the region. Cochin deploys its forces to fight the Japanese.
    • Shanghai: The city of Shanghai - due to its presence on the mainland of China proper - becomes a massive economic and trade port for the empire only just a few years but with direct access to Chinese goods coveted by Europe a huge volume of trade ships numbering in the hundreds flood the port purchasing the goods and transporting them across the Pacific via Spain global trade route. Shanghai hears of the first potential immunization for smallpox via Chinese texts and begins looking into it. The Sepoya troops of Shanghai are officially drawn down to about 5000 for the time being with it being split with a Japanese force and a Shanghaian Force of about 2500 apiece both led by Spanish officers and troops. Shanghai is named the headquarters of the overseas South China Sea Company and manages to secure 500 elite Spaniard troops to guard the interest in China. The newly built trade port of Heian is put under Shanghai's operational umbrella on the island of Hainan. Shanghai joins the war against Japan.
    • Qingdao:Qingdao - due to further distance - is set up as another South China Sea Company ruled territory and the good from the area are used to attract traders here as well. This is done to prevent the city of Shanghai being the only major Spanish Chinese port. The company invests into a force of about 1000 to hold the city and now about 30 top-of-the-line ships. Qingdao joins the war against Japan.
    • New Aragon: New Aragon is officially established as an independent viceroyalty with the discovery of another organized state in Australia with plans to begin expansion around 1700. The Areas shows a large influx of Spanish military settlers looking to keep any hostility down on the continent of Australia. The Force here is at about 300 with a grand total population of about 200
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to prosper in this time of peace. The economy continues to grow as the trade networks across the Empire become more solidified and trade networks outside of the Empire continue to expand, particularly in eastern Asia and Borealia. The military and the navy continues to train, practice, and learn new techniques as they are discovered. The military eventually rises to about 200,000 trained soldiers, although not all of those soldiers are on duty all the time for economic concerns. Troops of all ethnicities are trained to keep the army diverse and the ethnic groups unified. The various Archonates continue to be integrated with new infrastructure, new trade connections, and a newly increasing sense of Roman "identity." Some expansionists begin to wonder why Egypt has not yet been added to the Empire as a full Archonate yet, although the Emperor assures them that it will happen. The reign of John IX has been relatively peaceful and prosperous, with minimal incidents. An attempted overthrow happened, but that was short and rapidly crushed by the army. The policy toward the Turks, numbering about two million out of an Empire of 23 million, remains the same, and a few hundred to a thousand Turks are estimated to leave the Empire each year. Cities like Ancyra, Nicaea and Ephesus continue to grow, further fortifying Roman control over western Anatolia. Military outposts along the border with the Damascan Sultanate are constructed and fortified, as the Emperor notices that there are now no buffer states between the two rising powers. Influence in vassal states continues to grow, and the Roman political and economic sphere continues to expand and consolidate its gains. The offer of the Cherokee is accepted, and Cherokee ambassadors are invited to Reme to discuss what they have planned.
    • Reme: The colony continues to prosper from the growth of cash crops and their export. Along with the native issue, some troops and militia as well as allied natives join in the fight to defeat the raiders and conquer their lairs. The native states are defeated and their lands placed under military occupation pending an increase of relations and better governance. Expands in the north by 20 pixels. The issues with the pirates begins to come to the attention of the colonial government, and steps are taken in order to cut down on piracy, including increased patrols. Increasing bureaucracy in the colonies is careful to facilitate cordial relations between the natives and colonists. Economic growth, particularly in Antillia, drive the colonization process further. Cooperation with the natives increases to further protect the mainland colonies, while better fortifications and shipyards are constructed in order to better protect the colonies.
    • Egypt: Egypt begins to recover from the war. With almost all of the Muslim inhabited lands of the state stripped from it, Egypt is now mostly Christian, although the rights of the Muslims remaining are not infringed upon. Food begins to be grown again, and this helps the population recover from ages of war. The Roman military garrison largely maintains order, while a 25,000 man Egyptian force is trained to help protect the nation and the canal. The Grigius family returns from Greece to rule over Egypt once again, and they are met with some enthusiasm. The previous royal family is deposed from ruling but they are not harmed and are allowed to maintain their nobility, as relatives to the current king. Other nobles who were loyal keep their nobility, and commoners who remained loyal to Rome are given nobility and automatic citizenship. As the population continues to grow, it centers around the cities of Alexandria, Damietta, Luxor, and the newly refounded Berenice. Alexandria becomes a shining city on the banks of the sea and the Nile, and it is widely admired. Berenice is growing well, and the trade from India and China makes the city expand much more quickly. Large ships are sent around the Cape of Africa to serve as trade ships at Berenice. The population still remains mostly agricultural at this time. The revolt of the border town is easily put down by the military occupation force, but the lesson of the revolt is not lost on the Occupation Force and most of the Imperial government. Steps are taken to prevent or otherwise cut off revolts when they start, and as such some of the cultural laws and ideas initiated in the previous period of Roman rule are to be restored, with the rest restored over time. With the problems of the canal, the Roman military occupation and the native Egyptian military set up patrols along sections of the canal to ensure that raids are not too damaging. At the same time, the military tries to pinpoint the origins of these raids and take them out at the root. Military and economic growth and stability is the next major project for the Egyptian government. Egyptian officers are trained at military academies in Roman cities such as Constantinople, Adrianople and Sparta while Egyptian merchants are invested in and trained by Roman merchants. By now, most of the institutions of the Egyptian state have been rebuilt to some degree and are firmly integrated with their Roman counterparts.
    • Georgia: The Roman military occupation is largely frowned upon by the locals. However, the locals do approve of some aspects. They do approve of Roman occupation rather than Damascan occupation, and the fact that the Bagrationi Dynasty still rules earns some decent respect for Roman authority. Roman authorities work with the Bagrationi Dynasty to help bring improvements to the region and its people. Infrastructure is repaired from the war and new roads and buildings are constructed to benefit both the occupation and the native people. To help earn the loyalty of the native population, the Laz people, related to the Georgians themselves, are persuaded to gradually move from their homeland in northern Anatolia to join their brothers in Georgia. The existing Georgian navy is enrolled into the Imperial Navy while new Georgian merchants and military officers are enrolled in education programs to better integrate them with existing Imperial systems.
    • Armenia: The country of Armenia faces a bit of a problem. The Roman occupation force, as a general precaution, did not allow the Bragationi family remain in control of both Armenia and Georgia. As such, the need for a royal was the first challenge to be addressed. After much consideration in the Imperial court of Constantinople, it is decided that the Lusignan Dynasty of former Cyprus and Armenian Cicilia will take the throne, as some yet still live in Constantinople and have displayed considerable loyalty to the Empire a few decades after the fall of Cyprus. The new dynasty is enthroned on New Years Day, and the new king and the Roman occupation force begin eagerly in making Armenia a safe and prosperous place. Merchants and military officers are trained in ways similar to their Georgian counterparts, while border posts are constructed along the southern border with the Damascan Sultanate. In contrast with the Georgians, the Armenians are relatively glad to have Roman rule, as the Damascans directly invaded Armenia and threatened the populace.
  • Wu China: As we prepare for war against Yue, our economy increases.
  • The Kiatagmiut Band begins to have greater exposure to Eastern customs as Nivkh sailors begin to arrive at our ports with trade goods. In exchange, we trade away our berries, fish, and elk, all of which are highly valued for their high-quality. More domestication projects are undertaken and knowledge of iron-working and metallurgy increase extensively with the help of Nivkh knowledge. The rollout of the written language by the High Shaman is met with some resistance in the upper Kusquqvak River regions, but the idea is well-adopted by most middle-level shamans throughout the nation. Some expansion takes place into Kaialigamiut lands.
  • Ayutthaya: We continue infleucncing our annexed regions of Laos and Cambodia and we continue our larger military presence. Ayutthaya is now split into four districts due to the expansion of many districts. We invest further into farming into our Southern Distcrists and Eastern Districts. We also expnd our military bases in the Eastern Districts. We continue our population of the Ayutthayan Nicobar with the population now reaching 165,000.

1692

The Marawi Confederacy is created as a tribal confederation around the Lake Nyasa (also known as Lake Malawi).

Turn was four hours late ... so, let's PM3! Pink Floyd Hammer Flag - The Wall I'd rather be a hammer than a nail... 05:51, November 20, 2014 (UTC)

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. Following Oldenburg's lead, tariffs on Oldenburger goods are lifted. In Southeast Asia, Hamburgian influence on Aceh continues to grow, with debates beginning in the Hannoverian Parliament of turning Aceh into a protectorate.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. A few Shinto missionaries from Jejudo help out Japan in Vietnam to bring Shinto there.
  • Empire of Japan (Personal Union With Manchuria): The military/economy is built up. A Japanese colonialist named Yokohama comes to the court of the Emperor Yoshi II. He is tried for disloyalty to the emperor and not worshiping Shinto. He dies after a long, painful, tortuous death. The minorities, as well as unhappy colonists and non-Shinto followers, launch a military coup on the capital. The emperor, a follower of the samurai, had lost a fight with another person. This meant to Yoshi II to commit suicide in a ritual, surrounded by many loyalists. However, as he died without an heir, someone had to become the new one. After some more fighting, the opposition wins and transforms Japan into a monarchal empire, with Yokohama's son Yokohama II, as emperor. However, Due to recent reports that the economy is falling, Emperor Yokohama II is poisoned by bad wine, brought from Spanish merchants. His son, Horiyōshi Yokohama III, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarch's rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised upon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. Furious with Spain insulting Japan, war os declared and troops are mobilized across the pacific ocean to interfere with Spanish trade routes.
    • Ainu (Vassal of Japan): The economy is improved. Trade ships are starting to be built, so the Ainu can trade more with Japan and their companions.
    • Japanese Manchuria (Colony of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 50 ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1690.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs.
    • Taiwan (Vassal of Japan): Economy is improved. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan.
    • North Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to North Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
    • South Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get twoyear compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to South Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
  • Manchu Empire (Personal Union With Japan): With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Horiyōshi Yokohama III succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy, therefore importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchase battleships from Japan. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Hailar Khaganate: With the defeat of the guerrilla forces in Hailar, Manchu control over the state was set up. The Emperor Qing Fúlín Shùnzhì, appointed Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon as the Governor of the state who in turn introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Mangut Nivkh Tribes[Mil/Eco Turn]
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz.
  • The Kiatagmiut Band continues to have greater exposure to Eastern customs and iron-working and metallurgy, all due to the Nivkh Band. Domestication efforts continue, as does trade by qayaq. Nivkh sailors continue to help the Band in the improvement of our qayaqs. The rollout of the written language continues to be emphasized by the High Shaman and other shamans throughout the nation. Some expansion takes place into Kaialigamiut lands.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland through the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Empire continues starting to prepare for another invasion in Cahokie region and Baie d'etoiles as Bayougoulaa has been named (after the king decided it fit his desire) begins to be heavily populated by French, mostly farmers and fur traders, for now small cotton productions continue popping out and growing as well as tobacco plantations in the area of OTL St Francisville called St Louis de Rouge. The colony is divided in three districts, Cahokienne districts (the thin continuous line up north) The Baie d'etoiles district (OTL Bayogoulaa). After several years of relative peace the French Empire prepares for a new war: the invasion of the Nehilaw, the country is fastly mobilized and the navy is prepared to deploy 150,000 soldiers from Europe to meet up with colonial forces (125,000 from Nouvelle Orleans (Colombia), 25,000 from Chateau d'or (French Central America) 20,000 from Jamaica and 30,000 from Rouenelle (Louisiana). We condemn the Invasion of Hesse but desire to remain neutral on the subject for the time, we offer the Westphalian monarchs to take refuge in the kingdom of Rhineland 50,000 mercenaries are sent to the Brussels government as the king sees the change of strengthening the relationship with the Dutch by helping the rebels from Brussels. However, this contingent is unofficial and not much news is spread of this through the empire. The Annexation of Neu Franken is made official under the Name of Nouvelle Artois and the Zollern Islands Renamed Illes Carolinnes. The French began building up their defenses along the river and troops began moving en masse to the Regions of Nouvelle Artois and Rouenelle. The nation is outraged by the Breton assassination, However, the king decides to await for a more favorable time to punish the Breton Killing, The king, however, warns the Bretons and States clearly, "Any further damage to a French citizen in their territory or piracy or any sort of attempted attack at the Kingdom's subjects will be viewed as a war declaration and the rather view towards the Breton that France has kept will change rather quick. Blockades to Breton traders begins in the territories of the French Empire.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The French influx in the southern areas caused by over population of the northern areas of the country (mostly around the capital, Rouen and Nantes) a few regions begin to officially allow French as co-official language while others are still deeply Germanic. While this, throughout the entire country deep cultural change undergoes as the country feels different from the French nations, however, no longer sees itself as a nation under the HRE German influence and have lost respect at their failure to protect them.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.The war troops return as the war ends later on the year. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Uprisings begin in Sardinia for further freedom and desire of independence from the French monarchy and the African Kingdom. However, for the time being African peoples influx continue entering the country. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The local language in Africa continues growing as most of the population (83% of 1.53 million) the rest speaking some Germanic languages (mostly from Rhenish settlers) with 8%, Arabic with 4% and Sardo-African with 5%.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue to be built to outlying villages and plantations continue to be built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, the establishment of the City as a Vassal of France after the occupation of the city since 1655.
    • Cahokie: The country receives huge numbers of French settlers slowly displacing the local tribes fleeing to other tribal kingdoms in the region. Christianization begins. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. Cedes its southern portion of territory to the colony of Rouenelle. The Western Half of Chahta and Chickasha are annexed by the kingdom, while the rest is rewarded to the Colony of Rouenelle
  • |onte: Population grows by 50,000 people. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX, interested in the formalism of European laws and nation starts thinking of ways to consolidate |onte, such as a flag, motto, coat of arms, capital, etc. A regimentation of the "gift-based" economy has been noticed by scholars. Though transactions do not occur, per se, it is considered very rude not to reciprocate a gift. However, they need not be of equal value. The knowledge and education in Kunene spread on a slight scale, as authors, story tellers, philosophers and other intelligentsia leave their work out to gain recognition, often taken home by farmers from the countryside, the farmers, who grow far more than they will need, leave their rice in the grain storage. A trend has appeared for women to cover their breasts. However, the trend is mostly confined to Kunene. Mon XI sends his 200k strong Eheresito hu |onte to begin mining for diamonds that were recently encountered, greatly boosting the economy, allowing for food imports, and the buying of ships. |onte's navy reaches a large size after many years of buying from France.
  • Grand Croatian Bajanate (Veliki Hrvatski Bajanat): Military turn. The organizational reform continues, and the monetary reform begins, and from now on Croatia will use the "kuna" as the currency. The Sabor reform ends. The educational reform begins with the creation of new universities in Red Croatia, White Croatia and Carantania (and to a lesser extent in Poland) and the blossoming of numerous new writers who, unlike before, adopt an writing style by looking up to the Ancient Greek and Roman writers. The Čudoljubovo University's works are slowly being copied and transferred to Red Croatia, primarily Zadar and Zagreb with both having major universities either built or improved such as the Zagreb University, consisting of natural sciences, philosophy, law and theology (prirodoslovlje, mudroslovlje, pravo i bogoslovlje). Timurism is deemed heresy and begins losing the little followers it had. Ragusan culture begins gaining more influence in all of the Bajanate. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Bajanate. With growing Ragusan influence, and the begining of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. As Croat officials gathered information about the government of Bohemia, they inform the Bajan and the Sabor about the ridiculous spendings of Bohemia. A Spartan-like military training, a redundant amount of border control, a skull throne for the King and ridiculously looking armour for soldiers. With the aid of some Bohemian nobles, the Kingdom is invaded in order to put the end to the Kliment dynasty, which does not exist in any Bohemian records predating 1659 and is not even of Bohemian origin. The current monarchy is dubbed idiocracy and the war "War Against Kliment Idiocracy".
    • ​Banate of Red Croatia: Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined.
    • Polish Banate (Poljski Banat): The Polish Banate grows relatively independently, although a part of the Bajanate, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Ban is elected by it while the Bajan only confirms him.
    • Podbanate of Dahomej (Podbanat Dahomej): The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Banate of White Croatia (Bijelohrvatski Banat): The White Croats spread the White Croat amongst those who still consider themselves not-Croats. Preparations are made to unite with the Red Croats in order to create a fully unified Croatian nation.
    • Podbanate of Carantania (Podbanat Karantanska): Croatization continues, starting with removing any pro-Austrian threats. The idea that Carantania is Slavic since the Carantanian Slavic tribe settled there spreads and is used to bring the Podbanate closer to the Banate.
    • Isles of the Grand Bajanate: The colonizers push inward, expanding onto the unsettled part of the isles. Croats primarily begin settling the new lands.
    • Carantanian Island (Karantanski Otok): The colony expands by 200 sq km.
  • Hispania: The Kingdom of Spain itself begins to see a small demographical decline as the immigration to colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise. The Spanish nobility even sees a large sort of Decline as many of the younger sons and daughters go to the Spanish colonies as the example has been set by the Royal Familiy. The Commercial reforms for the empire reach completion with a notable increase in the economy as a result. Cape Ferdinand gains further investment as gold, and other raw materials have been discovered of worth within the previously port/trade oriented colony. The royal government continues to develop plans for the eventual reconquest of Hawaii. The Hispanian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more Third rates, and fourth Rates with the occasional Second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets. The Hispanian fleet triumphs over Japan and secures her trade routes. The Empire begins to influence Vorlayacor (Turn One of Three) using dominant trading power and a near monopoly of Spanish trade to permeate the nation with Spanish influence.
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army now consists of 30,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. Italy continues its economic buildup become a large part of the Spanish economy. The Italians show some minor unrest under the Spanish but the growing Hispanicized populace in Southern Italy is beginning to overtake various cultures within the southern territories. Some cultures such as Sicilian one of the most dominant in Southern Italy have become a closely tied culture with Spanish with a common "Hispanian" Culture beginning to develop in the Historic Kingdom of Naples area as well as farther within Italy now as well.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a  fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The Kingdom of Lombardy continues its development of its armed forces, being aided by a domestic arms industry. The Economy of the kingdom officially becomes fully tied with the empire. The Navy of the kingdom is minor standing at 25 ships. The Military stands at 25,000.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavily under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses. The population of Morocco is at an estimated 2.5 million with many being of mixed race or Spanish origin. The Moroccan culture, however, is wholly Spanish. The Moroccan nation sees some emigration from the nation to Spanish colonies but sees no real drain as many of them are Berbers or Mestizos looking for work other than farm work in Morocco.
    • Kingdom of Algiers: With the conquest of Algiers the Moroccan state continues to occupy and pacify Algiers flooding it with new Spaniards as nobles. The Imperial system is established in Algiers and a local force of about 2000 is established and run purely by the Spanish. The economy is obviously weak but begins to be recovered due to inclusion into the Spanish system. The Kingdom of Algiers is established and many Muslim fighters and their families are exiled into the deserts with the government unwilling to deal with the ultra-orthodox or radical Muslims. The Algerian kingdom begins using low class Muslim labor to begin working on canals much like Morocco. With recent history in Morocco many Algerians simply emigrate from the area to avoid wholesale slaughter or forced slave labor. Along with this many begin to convert as Christianity takes dominant presence due to a large Spanish settler class in Algiers of nearly 20,000
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Spain's massive West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Spain and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about two million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had. The Spanish settlers in the Kongo only number about 1000.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.5 million with many living within the Cuba island territory. Morelia officially finishes its expansion having nowhere else to go. Its armed forces reach force of about 5000 Colonial Spaniards supplied by the Spanish from home.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand. The mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha - a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha drops to barely six million as the disease has ravaged the massive nearly untouched indian community in the western states. This has a massive impact as the vulnerability of the natives is considered a breaking point for the Spanish attempts to recruit them for a labor force.
    • Zapoteca: The Protectorate of Zapoteca after years of expanding begins the major integration of the new territories looking to integrate them fully. With a population of about four million Zapoteca re-arms its military into a force of about 40,000. Zapoteca also begins to consider Redistricting with more authority over Tenocha being granted while Itzapam is ceded to Morealia. The Zapotecan fleet is expanded further and a coastal highway is built up and connected with roads in Tenocha. Zapoteca boasts a large Mestizo population but also maintains a moderately sized New World born Spanish population which administrates a good amount of the Zapotecan territories
    • Mission of New Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the unorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the unorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezian military is Raised to nearly 25,000 from its new Italian territories and exiles all Germans/Austrians from the territory only leaving Italians and Hispanians (Hispanicized Italians) Venezia continues its integration of the new territory. Venezia continues on a massive path toward hispanicization.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 75,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy - in order to expand the food supply of the large colony - expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. New Spain reaches a population of nearly 4.3 million and growing through immigration and domestic growth as well as inclusion of hispanicized natives and unhispanicized natives. The Viceroyalty with full authority of the Emperor issues a series of land grants to respectable people along the Interior territories and along the West Coast of the continent throughout Chile, this puts the Mapuche and Chilean territories officially under control of New Spain. With this inclusion the vast new tracts of territory begin to be settled further to expand existing internal cities. Along with this the attractiveness of Cash cropping leads many to take out loans from the Royal Bank in New Spain which begins the development of further cash croppingsuch as cotton, yerba mate, wheat, barley, grapes, and a host of other cash crops keeping the crops on a rotationary cycle in order to keep prices in a fluctuation over the years and for field rejuvenation. The Viceroy of Spain, Alfonso Di Habsburg brother to the Emperor officially creates the Provincial divisions of New Spain in order to facilitate better ruling. The various empty by claimed or sparsely settled territories are split into developmental captaincies until a certain level is achieved in order to bring these territories onto the correct level with the coastal portions of the viceroyalty
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand rises to 105,000 colonists as many new settlers arrive due to the investment. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 75 px. Settlers along the Orange River begin an ambitious irrigation project. The Orange River settlers begin to mine diamonds.
    • Viceroyalty of New Granada: The Viceroyalty of New Granada sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 100 px. The colony's population expands to around 375,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the city of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 35,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco City. New Granada begins seeing some native resistance but forces many out in favor of settlers, Some native groups, however, seem rather keen on assimilation with the Spaniards adopting Spanish culture, Spanish language, and in some cases marrying Spanish men, and working for Spanish people. With life on the frontier rather hard, the Spaniards have great welcome for cheaper workers who are willing to adopt all aspects of Spanish culture. Taking a cue from the conquests of territory in New Spain by the natives, the Colonial forces here use a divide and conquer strategy pitting some native tribes against each other and then eliminating the survivors. New Granada with its various mountains and with some territory in the valley secured, begins to implement the learned inca method of terrace farming which is standard even in Spain at this point. The farming in general begins to show promise as surplus yields begins to show. The Forests in the area begin to be cut for ship building which quickly picks up as various Spanish trade companies and even the highly militarized Spanish Asian companies begins picking up on these developing the local economy into something impressive. Various cash crops also begin to be grown - most particularly cotton and now Grapes as well as the hybrid grape is bred and planted.
    • Philippines:Spain continues to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. Investment from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Philippines officially becomes the hub of the Spanish military in Asia. 2500 troops from the Philippines (most of them Spanish) are deployed to Burma to crush the revolt. Talks of turning the Philippines into a Crown Viceroyalty go underway. The Philippines shows notable Spanish settlement with nearly 3000 Spaniards living on the islands, mostly in Manila. Philippines sends its own fleet to handle the Japanese for the trade war
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy. The protectorate of Oyo expands its armed forces to nearly 20,000 all made up of some of the minorities in the area and led by Spanish officers. A large community of Spaniards begins to develop on in the protectorate with about 3000 people between Spaniards, and Hispanicized Italians living along the coast.
    • East African Protectorates: The military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe. The potential division of the EAP is proposed with Madagasikara, Maputo, and Mozambika becoming three separate entities within the Empire. This decision shows a great deal of support as the decentralized nature of the current governmental force has become a major issue in dealing with the three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port. The company navy along with Madras maintains nearly 70 ships for personal use 20 of these being top-of-the-line warships. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company. 2000 troops from Khambhat are deployed to help in Burma.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambhat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 120,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Greater Cochin: The Protectorate of Greater Cochin is formed following the revolt of the noble and with this the nobility more or less are forced to give up their titles. They are all more or less replaced with a Spanish aristocracy which now run the country. With this the unification of Dawei and Shan under Cochin the new state begins an aggressive integrationist policy. The Sepoya troops in Cochin are expanded to nearly 8000 and the economic policies are used to increase the productivity of the territory. The Greater Cochin area now houses nearly 1000 Spanish marines now using it as a major base of operations in the region. Cochin deploys its forces to fight the Japanese.
    • Shanghai: The city of Shanghai - due to its presence on the mainland of China proper - becomes a massive economic and trade port for the empire only just a few years but with direct access to Chinese goods coveted by Europe a huge volume of trade ships numbering in the hundreds flood the port purchasing the goods and transporting them across the Pacific via Spain global trade route. Shanghai hears of the first potential immunization for smallpox via Chinese texts and begins looking into it. The Sepoya troops of Shanghai are officially drawn down to about 5000 for the time being with it being split with a Japanese force and a Shanghaian Force of about 2500 apiece both led by Spanish officers and troops. Shanghai is named the headquarters of the overseas South China Sea Company and manages to secure 500 elite Spaniard troops to guard the interest in China. The newly built trade port of Heian is put under Shanghai's operational umbrella on the island of Hainan. Shanghai joins the war against Japan.
    • Qingdao: Qingdao - due to further distance - is set up as another South China Sea Company ruled territory and the good from the area are used to attract traders here as well. This is done to prevent the city of Shanghai being the only major Spanish Chinese port. The company invests into a force of about 1000 to hold the city and now about 30 top-of-the-line ships. Qingdao joins the war against Japan.
    • New Aragon: New Aragon is officially established as an independent viceroyalty with the discovery of another organized state in Australia with plans to begin expansion around 1700. The Areas shows a large influx of Spanish military settlers looking to keep any hostility down on the continent of Australia. The Force here is at about 300 with a grand total population of about 2000. The emerging importance of this territory becomes increasingly important as New Aragon is given ten top-of-the-line ships, and about 500 marines to keep the area a major territory of Spanish influence. New Aragon begins considering the opening up of a new Colony on the now named Continent of Australia.
  • Empire of Urdustan: Several Urdu merchants continue to sponsor gem mines in the Mogok area of Ava, due to the high concentration of gems such as rubies, sapphires, garnets and moonstones, and the first of many mines begin to return with more successes. Construction of ships based upon Castilian designs, granted to us by them, continues, in order to further our efforts to explore and trade. New crops continue to enter into several plantations, opium and cannabis. With the increasing popularity of wood-block printing, works in Urdu/Hindi are created and stored in large amounts, in order to further cement the change in Urdustan. Efforts to better the military continue with a mandatory rearming of the noble levies, with the Emperor offering to pay half the costs per noble, and with any noble refusing to do so, being met with increasingly less beneficial trade interaction by other nobles and foreign merchants. The Islamization of Urdustan continues from an increase in missionary activity. The construction of the observatory allows for Urdustani examination of the stars, and they begin to use translations of European texts to facilitate their own, independent observations. Trade with Kham continues, as well as financial offerings to stabilize their economy. The current Emperor passes away at a relatively young age (47) in comparison to previous Emperors who have lived to their late fifties and early sixties. His son, ایلیٹ الیاس شاہ کے ایک کٹھ پتلی (Sambhrānta iliyāsa śāha kī ēka kaṭhaputalī) at the age of 17, takes the throne. Since he is not yet 18, many consider him young and inept currently, and as such, more powers are delegated to the Urdustani Royal Council, now commonly known as the "شہنشاہوں کی کونسل" (Council of Emperors) due to their unprecidented power.
    • Swargadeo of Barphanivāsa: (Barpha nivāsa kē rājya, برف مکان کی بادشاہی): The Swargadeo of Trans-Assam continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. The land reclamation, having been going on for decades, is extremely successful in creating viable farmland for rice, grain and other staple crops, increasing Kamarupa's population and their yearly trade output. In the newly conquered regions of Tibet, there is a beginning of attempts to cultivate the land to farm potatoes and cotton mainly. However, since this is fairly early in the efforts, herding of yaks, goats, cattle, and sheep remain the economic mainstay of the Tibetan region. Efforts to convert the new peoples begins in full as missionaries enter the country with administrative rights.
    • Rayja of Vijaynagara (وجینگر کی بادشاہی, Vijayanagara kē rājya): The Rayja of Vijaynagara, still ruled over by the Urdustani Emperor, begins to see some reforms. These reforms include making it easier for Hindus to become part of the noble caste, lowering their taxes and requirements. To compensate for this loss of Islamic power, however, schools increasingly put more emphasis on learning Urdu, an Islamic language in the Arabic script.
    • The Plutocratic State of Jaunpur (جونپور کے بہت سے پردانوں ریاست, Jaunapura kē ka'ī ra'īsōṁ rājya): Now vassalized by Urdustan, their debts begin to disappear quickly as either Urdustan begins the process of paying off the debts of Jaunpur to Urdustan by purchasing noble seats for Urdustani nobility. This flood of Urdustani nobility leads to a more reformed military in regards to Urdustani tactics, as well as an economy more specialized and focused on producing less types of goods, but many of them.
    • The Sultanate of Deccan (دکن کے سلطان, Ḍēkkana kī saltanata): Now vassalized by Urdustan, their debts begin to disappear quickly as either Urdustan begins the process of paying off the debts of Jaunpur to Urdustan by purchasing noble seats for Urdustani nobility. This flood of Urdustani nobility leads to a more reformed military in regards to Urdustani tactics, as well as an economy more specialized and focused on producing less types of goods, but many of them.
    • The Rayja of Sindh (سندھ کی بادشاہی, Sindha kē rājya): Now vassalized by Urdustan, greater focus begins to be put on its shipping industry and infrastructure to transport items to ports, so as to maximize the amount of income from its farmland in regards to potatoes, indigo and opium. The military begins to be reformed to more Urdustani tactics.
  • County of Oldenburg: We attempt to further increase our trade with Hamburg, as well as abolishing any remaining tariffs on trade between our two countries. This seems to have a somewhat positive effect on our economy.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The militia is built up.
  • Wu China: We prepare to invade the Small Kingdoms, military increases.
  • Netherlands: Maurice II now 32 and in need of a queen. The young king vows to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General lead by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation  is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands lead by the university of Brussels. Trader and scientist Philips van Leeuwenhoek discovers bacteria while looking through a microscope his findings are published in the Dutch academic circles (OTL bacteria was discovered by a Dutch in 1676 with the same last name simple doing the honors XD). This is an addition to Pskov's work on biology and opens up the academic circles to greater investment in biology. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin.
      • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java. 
        • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7,000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company. 
        • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
        • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Maravi Confederacy: 1692 is an important year for the Confederacy, what with it not having existed previously. Under the leadership of the first Kalongo, Phiiri Amadashirda, the new nation finds itself at peace for the first time in many long years. Amadashirda's first act is to consolidate his power at the administrative capital at Manthimba, commanding his priests and wise men to unite the disparate legal systems of the various clans into a single, coherent document. This is not just a public-spirited act: while Amadashirda does care for the lives of the common people, he also wishes for his deeds to be remembered in ways other than the traditional oral histories; he has seen enough death to believe that such things can endure forever. To that end, he himself is working on a written alphabet for Chinyanja, the language of the Chewa. This, he hopes, will also help to foster a sense of union in a divided land.
  • The Cherokee Nation: builds up its military in preparation for the war against the Creek. General Galegenoh builds up his invasion force to attack the north of the Creek Mvskoke Etvlwv nation. The General meets with Roman generals to discuss strategy and the war is planned to start in 1694. Elsewhere Crown Prince Waya and Princess Ama of Shawana announce they are expecting a child. Prince Sequoyah meets with several potential Cherokee high-borns but fails to meet anyone he is interested in. So instead he begins forming an army to support General Galegenoh's army in the coming invasion of the Creek.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. Knyaz-Namestnik Fredrik Hohenzollern is named the eventual "Acting Sovereign" by a decision after this year's Grand Summit, when they decided who would take oin the Responsibilities of the 68-year old Supreme Duchess in the eventual case of her demise. Another thing that came out of this year's Summit is the plan for a connected network of roads to increase communication between all the UK republics. The first steps to build a united road network is begun "To rival that of ancient Rome" at the City of Narva, where the first cobble roads are laid out, and construction begins to connect Pskov, Taalinn, and Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve. This is especially important because the city lies at the border, and the decision to start there only shows co-operations between all states involved. In any case, the situation in Danzig calms a bit. However, tensions remain high. The PIC goes to France to try to purchase the Caroline Islands, the southern of which they were already de facto administering anyway. In any case, Pskovian military and Navy get a slight boost due to the Economic growth occuring. Cash crops in the Americas such as cotton farmed in the Bahamas and Sugar and the like farmed in the Leeward Islands are big commodities in Europe and bring the PIC, and therefore Pskov, profit. Gold is also being mined in Zlatobrezhie which brings profit. Meanwhile, there, many administrators are now local, and Pskov are simply now the higher-ranking officials, already infiltrating the language and high culture, with many wealthy Zlatobrezhians gaining and education in the University of Pskov. The first Academy is opened in Zlatobrezhie, run by the church, and as missionaries continue the work of thse sent before them, stuff happens, and Christianity grows. In any case, some traders set up shop in Senegal for the first time. The Pskovians manage to procure a trade deal with the local governement, and the PIC opens its first branch in the Senegalese capital. From there, they plan on discovering every resource exploitable, this multinational corporations will not elave a single source of income for Pskov untapped. The first meetings with the Etat de Danzig and Croatia to settle the Danzig issue are scheduled for next year. The Events in the Neighbouring Russian states are watched with great intrigue, and a decision is made by the New Veche in a secret session to fund dissent amongst Russians against the tsar, and arm possible "republican" rebels in Novgorod. Much of the support comes from descendants of the Republicans in the Novgorod civil war that fled to Pskov once the civil war in Novgorod was over. Covert agents are sent into Novgorod and some into Moscow to incite crowds against the Tsar. The Events in the Imperial Sea are viewed with much caution, as the PIC debates what to do, In the end, the decision is made to continue trading with everyone, and to pose a position of "armed neutrality" in the conflict. This position is adopted by many members of the Veche, and an act is passed declaring a state of "Readily Armed Neutrality" in the Americas, taking no position, and not firing unless fired upon, and continue to trade regardless of the actions of the parties.
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti reacts with indifference to the tensions building up in Danzig. "It's not really our problem, let the United Republic deal with it" is the general sentiment to people that either know about it, or are peripherally involved, like the Riigikogu. In any case the military is upgraded with flintlocks and whatnot. The Peaminister of Eesti agrees to meet in Riga, and attends what he dubbed the "Grand Summit".
    • In Latvia, economic dev happens as farming methods are improved, and Pskovina merchants invest in possible future profits. The President of the Seima attends the Grand Summit.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff, the Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit.
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP, and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care of the fate of the "lesser" nobility). In any case, the Prussian army waits at the gates of Danzig, hoping to gain access to the city. However, the French do not let them in, and refuse to give taxes, as Danzig belonging to France is not official in any treaty, but rather de facto. This is due to the change in administration, and the public outcry by the new leader of the Bundestag. In any case, this might actually harm some people, so many Prussians living in cities watch the situation with great care ... or at least try to in the era of information traveling very slowly. The Chancellor attends the Grand Summit.
  • Ayutthaya: We continue infleucncing our annexed regions of Laos and Cambodia and we continue our larger military presence. Ayutthaya is now split into four districts due to the expansion of many districts. We invest further into farming into our Southern Distcrists and Eastern Districts. We also expnd our military bases in the Eastern Districts. We continue our population of the Ayutthayan Nicobar with the population now reaching 165,000.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to infrastructure. We begin recovering from recent wars and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an updated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. The settlement at St Patriksburg is expanded, with a large Kremlin and port being constructed.
  • Ming China: The Chinese continue to expand their economy and military.

1693

Port William, Colony of New Guerney: A mass hysteria begins after Virignia Berkhart, an alleged witch is caught practising black magic and “raising the dead”. A colony wide witch hunt happens, spearheaded by colonial Governor Anthony Ribbentrop. During the trials an estimated 100 people were rounded up under suspicion of witchcraft. During the fall of 1692 it is estimated that 26 out of the 100 were convicted under felony witchcraft and were thusly sentenced to death by the stake

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz.
  • Empire of Japan (Personal Union With Manchuria): The military/economy is built up. A Japanese colonialist named Yokohama comes to the court of the Emperor Yoshi II. He is tried for disloyalty to the emperor and not worshiping Shinto. He dies after a long, painful, tortuous death. The minorities, as well as unhappy colonists and non-Shinto followers, launch a military coup on the capital. The emperor, a follower of the samurai, had lost a fight with another person. This meant to Yoshi II to commit suicide in a ritual, surrounded by many loyalists. However, as he died without an heir, someone had to become the new one. After some more fighting, the opposition wins and transforms Japan into a monarchal empire, with Yokohama's son Yokohama II, as emperor. However, Due to recent reports that the economy is falling, Emperor Yokohama II is poisoned by bad wine, brought from Spanish merchants. His son, Horiyōshi Yokohama III, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarch's rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised upon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere.
    • Ainu (Vassal of Japan): The economy is improved. Trade ships are starting to be built, so the Ainu can trade more with Japan and their companions.
    • Japanese Manchuria (Colony of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 9 larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs.
    • Taiwan (Vassal of Japan): Economy is improved. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan.
    • North Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to North Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
    • South Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to South Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
  • Manchu Empire (Personal Union With Japan): With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Horiyōshi Yokohama III succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy, therefore importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchase battleships from Japan. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Hailar Khaganate: With the defeat of the guerrilla forces in Hailar, Manchu control over the state was set up. The Emperor Qing Fúlín Shùnzhì, appointed Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon as the Governor of the state who in turn introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Mangut Nivkh Tribes[Mil/Eco Turn]
  • '​'Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. A few Shinto missionaries from Jejudo help out Japan in Vietnam to bring Shinto there.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland through the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Empire continues starting to prepare for another invasion in Cahokie region and Baie d'etoiles as Bayougoulaa has been named (after the king decided it fit his desire) begins to be heavily populated by French, mostly farmers and fur traders, for now small cotton productions continue popping out and growing as well as tobacco plantations in the area of OTL St Francisville called St Louis de Rouge. The colony is divided in three districts, Cahokienne districts (the thin continuous line up north) The Baie d'etoiles district (OTL Bayogoulaa). After several years of relative peace the French Empire prepares for a new war: the invasion of the Nehilaw, the country is fastly mobilized and the navy is prepared to deploy 150,000 soldiers from Europe to meet up with colonial forces (125,000 from Nouvelle Orleans (Colombia), 25,000 from Chateau d'or (French Central America) 20,000 from Jamaica and 30,000 from Rouenelle (Louisiana). We condemn the Invasion of Hesse but desire to remain neutral on the subject for the time, we offer the Westphalian monarchs to take refuge in the kingdom of Rhineland 50,000 mercenaries are sent to the Brussels government as the king sees the change of strengthening the relationship with the Dutch by helping the rebels from Brussels. However, this contingent is unofficial and not much news is spread of this through the empire. The Annexation of Neu Franken is made official under the Name of Nouvelle Artois and the Zollern Islands Renamed Illes Carolinnes. The French began building up their defenses along the river and troops began moving en masse to the Regions of Nouvelle Artois and Rouenelle. The nation is outraged by the Breton assassination, However, the king decides to await for a more favorable time to punish the Breton Killing, The king, however, warns the Bretons and States clearly, "Any further damage to a French citizen in their territory or piracy or any sort of attempted attack at the Kingdom's subjects will be viewed as a war declaration and the rather view towards the Breton that France has kept will change rather quick. Blockades to Breton traders begins in the territories of the French Empire.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The French influx in the southern areas caused by over population of the northern areas of the country (mostly around the capital, Rouen and Nantes) a few regions begin to officially allow French as co-official language while others are still deeply Germanic. While this, throughout the entire country deep cultural change undergoes as the country feels different from the French nations, however, no longer sees itself as a nation under the HRE German influence and have lost respect at their failure to protect them.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.The war troops return as the war ends later on the year. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Uprisings begin in Sardinia for further freedom and desire of independence from the French monarchy and the African Kingdom. However, for the time being African peoples influx continue entering the country. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The local language in Africa continues growing as most of the population (83% of 1.53 million) the rest speaking some Germanic languages (mostly from Rhenish settlers) with 8%, Arabic with 4% and Sardo-African with 5%.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue to be built to outlying villages and plantations continue to be built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, the establishment of the City as a Vassal of France after the occupation of the city since 1655.
    • Cahokie: The country receives huge numbers of French settlers slowly displacing the local tribes fleeing to other tribal kingdoms in the region. Christianization begins. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. Cedes its southern portion of territory to the colony of Rouenelle. The Western Half of Chahta and Chickasha are annexed by the kingdom, while the rest is rewarded to the Colony of Rouenelle
  • |onte: Population grows by 50,000 people. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX, interested in the formalism of European laws and nation starts thinking of ways to consolidate |onte, such as a flag, motto, coat of arms, capital, etc. A regimentation of the "gift-based" economy has been noticed by scholars. Though transactions do not occur, per se, it is considered very rude not to reciprocate a gift. However, they need not be of equal value. The knowledge and education in Kunene spread on a slight scale, as authors, story tellers, philosophers and other intelligentsia leave their work out to gain recognition, often taken home by farmers from the countryside, the farmers, who grow far more than they will need, leave their rice in the grain storage. A trend has appeared for women to cover their breasts. However, the trend is mostly confined to Kunene. Mon XI sends his 200k strong Eheresito hu |onte to begin mining for diamonds that were recently encountered, greatly boosting the economy, allowing for food imports, and the buying of ships. |onte's navy reaches a large size after many years of buying from France.
  • Wu China: As we mobilize, we declare war on the Small Kingdoms. While military and navy is improved, we also call Japan to arms.
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: Modernization continues, with numerous European immigrants accelerating technological advancements. Much of the upper class now speaks French in addition to Cree, and interest in French culture and food grows. Meanwhile, farmers in northern areas finish domesticating captured musk oxen, in order to replace cattle, which generally die in huge numbers every winter. Nomadic herding, of reindeer, musk oxen and horses, increases in importance. Tsicha continues to be produced. The addition of certain herbs gives it hallucinogenic properties, making it far more popular than previously. The military grows, especially the navy. Cavalry increases in importance, while the navy and merchant marine reach a far larger size and efficiency from years of purchase, both from France and on the black market. Nehilaw traders plan a massive voyage to reach Europe for the first time, but this will probably not occur for some time, due to the logistics. Fishing continues to expand its importance to the Nehilaw economy, especially the massive cod fisheries off Newfoundland. Fishermen there come into contact with Croatian settlers, to general surprise. Fishermen build a seasonal fishing camp on the island of Igulik (OTL Belle Isle). Several fishermen stay over the winter this year. Musk oxen are transported to the island to sustain them, and soon multiply.
    • Chippewa: The economy improves while numerous Crees immigrate.
    • Mackinac: The economy improves.
    • Odawa: The economy improves.
    • Chisasibi: The economy improves.
    • North Ojibwe: The economy improves.
    • Nipissing: The economy improves.
  • Netherlands: Maurice II now 32 and in need of a queen . The young king vows to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General lead by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation  is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands lead by the university of Brussels. Trader and scientist Philips van Leeuwenhoek discovers bacteria while looking through a microscope his findings are published in the Dutch academic circles (OTL bacteria was discovered by a Dutch in 1676 with the same last name simple doing the honors XD). This is an addition to Pskov's work on biology and opens up the academic circles to greater investment in biology. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company. 
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • The Cherokee Nation: builds up its military in preparation for the war against the Creek. General Galegenoh builds up his invasion force to attack the north of the Creek Mvskoke Etvlwv nation. The General's army is joined by Prince Sequoyah's army as the war looks set to start. They send an ultimatum to the Creek, ordering them to surrender themselves to the Cherokee and Roman armies, promising mercy and autonomy if they surrender peacefully. Elsewhere Crown Prince Waya and Princess Ama of Shawana have their child, a boy who they name Austenaco. Prince Austenaco becomes 2nd in-line to both the throne of the Cherokee and of the Shawana. In his desire for power Prince Waya begins to plot to become the King of the Shawana, poisoning the King of the Shawana so that he can become a King.
  • Hispania: The Kingdom of Spain itself begins to see a small demographical decline as the immigration to colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise. The Spanish nobility even sees a large sort of Decline as many of the younger sons and daughters go to the Spanish colonies as the example has been set by the Royal Familiy. The Commercial reforms for the empire reach completion with a notable increase in the economy as a result. Cape Ferdinand gains further investment as gold, and other raw materials have been discovered of worth within the previously port/trade oriented colony. The royal government continues to develop plans for the eventual reconquest of Hawaii. The Hispanian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more Third rates, and fourth Rates with the occasional Second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets. The Hispanian fleet triumphs over Japan and secures her trade routes. The Empire begins to influence Vorlayacor (Turn Two of Three) using dominant trading power and a near monopoly of Spanish trade to permeate the nation with Spanish influence The Hispanian military begins major reforms using its major surplus in budget to form multiple new armies. The First army is just a reformed domestic force to be based in Spain of almost 40,000 (not all of which is constantly mobilized). The Second is an expansion of the italian force to nearly 25,000 and being renamed to the the Army of Italy. The final force is a force of 10,000 loyal Spaniards in North Africa, forming the Army of North Africa.
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army is drawn back to 40,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire or are Spanish cultured. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. Italy continues its economic buildup become a large part of the Spanish economy. The Italians show some minor unrest under the Spanish but the growing Hispanicized populace in Southern Italy is beginning to overtake various cultures within the southern territories. Some cultures such as Sicilian one of the most dominant in Southern Italy have become a closely tied culture with Spanish with a common "Hispanian" Culture beginning to develop in the Historic Kingdom of Naples area as well as farther within Italy now as well.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a  fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The Kingdom of Lombardy continues its development of its armed forces, being aided by a domestic arms industry. The Economy of the kingdom officially becomes fully tied with the empire. The Navy of the kingdom is minor standing at 25 ships. The Military stands at 25,000. Hispanization of Lombardy continues.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavily under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses. The population of Morocco is at an estimated 2.5 million with many being of mixed race or Spanish origin. The Moroccan culture, however, is wholly Spanish. The Moroccan nation sees some emigration from the nation to Spanish colonies but sees no real drain as many of them are Berbers or Mestizos looking for work other than farm work in Morocco.
    • Kingdom of Algiers: With the conquest of Algiers the Moroccan state continues to occupy and pacify Algiers flooding it with new Spaniards as nobles. The Imperial system is established in Algiers and a local force of about 2000 is established and run purely by the Spanish. The economy is obviously weak but begins to be recovered due to inclusion into the Spanish system. The Kingdom of Algiers is established and many Muslim fighters and their families are exiled into the deserts with the government unwilling to deal with the ultra-orthodox or radical Muslims. The Algerian kingdom begins using low class Muslim labor to begin working on canals much like Morocco. With recent history in Morocco many Algerians simply emigrate from the area to avoid wholesale slaughter or forced slave labor. Along with this many begin to convert as Christianity takes dominant presence due to a large Spanish settler class in Algiers of nearly 30,000.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Spain's massive West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Spain and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about two million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had. The Spanish settlers in the Kongo only number about 2000.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.5 million with many living within the Cuba island territory. Morelia officially finishes its expansion having nowhere else to go. Its armed forces reach force of about 5000 Colonial Spaniards supplied by the Spanish from home.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand. The mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha - a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha drops to barely six million as the disease has ravaged the massive nearly untouched indian community in the western states. This has a massive impact as the vulnerability of the natives is considered a breaking point for the Spanish attempts to recruit them for a labor force.
    • Zapoteca: The Protectorate of Zapoteca after years of expanding begins the major integration of the new territories looking to integrate them fully. With a population of about four million Zapoteca re-arms its military into a force of about 40,000. Zapoteca also begins to consider Redistricting with more authority over Tenocha being granted while Itzapam is ceded to Morealia. The Zapotecan fleet is expanded further and a coastal highway is built up and connected with roads in Tenocha. Zapoteca boasts a large Mestizo population but also maintains a moderately sized New World born Spanish population which administrates a good amount of the Zapotecan territories
    • Mission of New Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the unorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the unorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezian military is Raised to nearly 25,000 from its new Italian territories and exiles all Germans/Austrians from the territory only leaving Italians and Hispanians (Hispanicized Italians) Venezia continues its integration of the new territory. Venezia continues on a massive path toward hispanicization.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 75,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy - in order to expand the food supply of the large colony - expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. New Spain reaches a population of nearly 4.3 million and growing through immigration and domestic growth as well as inclusion of hispanicized natives and unhispanicized natives. The Viceroyalty with full authority of the Emperor issues a series of land grants to respectable people along the Interior territories and along the West Coast of the continent throughout Chile, this puts the Mapuche and Chilean territories officially under control of New Spain. With this inclusion the vast new tracts of territory begin to be settled further to expand existing internal cities. Along with this the attractiveness of Cash cropping leads many to take out loans from the Royal Bank in New Spain which begins the development of further cash croppingsuch as cotton, yerba mate, wheat, barley, grapes, and a host of other cash crops keeping the crops on a rotationary cycle in order to keep prices in a fluctuation over the years and for field rejuvenation. The Settlement of the interior of New Spain continues with a notable city of Russian foundings becoming one of the most prominent interior cities. The City of Riograd is formed along the River Plata much further up the river than usual.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand rises to 120,000 colonists as many new settlers arrive due to the investment. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 75 px. Settlers along the Orange River begin an ambitious irrigation project. The Orange River settlers begin to mine diamonds.
    • Viceroyalty of New Granada: The Viceroyalty of New Granada sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 100 px. The colony's population expands to around 410,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the city of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 35,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco City. New Granada begins seeing some native resistance but forces many out in favor of settlers, Some native groups, however, seem rather keen on assimilation with the Spaniards adopting Spanish culture, Spanish language, and in some cases marrying Spanish men, and working for Spanish people. With life on the frontier rather hard, the Spaniards have great welcome for cheaper workers who are willing to adopt all aspects of Spanish culture. Taking a cue from the conquests of territory in New Spain by the natives, the Colonial forces here use a divide and conquer strategy pitting some native tribes against each other and then eliminating the survivors. New Granada with its various mountains and with some territory in the valley secured, begins to implement the learned inca method of terrace farming which is standard even in Spain at this point. The farming in general begins to show promise as surplus yields begins to show. The Forests in the area begin to be cut for ship building which quickly picks up as various Spanish trade companies and even the highly militarized Spanish Asian companies begins picking up on these developing the local economy into something impressive. Various cash crops also begin to be grown - most particularly cotton and now Grapes as well as the hybrid grape is bred and planted.
    • Philippines:Spain continues to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. Investment from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Philippines officially becomes the hub of the Spanish military in Asia. 2500 troops from the Philippines (most of them Spanish) are deployed to Burma to crush the revolt. Talks of turning the Philippines into a Crown Viceroyalty go underway. The Philippines shows notable Spanish settlement with nearly 3000 Spaniards living on the islands, mostly in Manila.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy. The protectorate of Oyo expands its armed forces to nearly 20,000 all made up of some of the minorities in the area and led by Spanish officers. A large community of Spaniards begins to develop on in the protectorate with about 3000 people between Spaniards, and Hispanicized Italians living along the coast.
    • East African Protectorates: The military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe. The potential division of the EAP is proposed with Madagasikara, Maputo, and Mozambika becoming three separate entities within the Empire. This decision shows a great deal of support as the decentralized nature of the current governmental force has become a major issue in dealing with the three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port. The company navy along with Madras maintains nearly 70 ships for personal use 20 of these being top-of-the-line warships. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambhat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 150,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Greater Cochin: The Protectorate of Greater Cochin is formed following the revolt of the noble and with this the nobility more or less are forced to give up their titles. They are all more or less replaced with a Spanish aristocracy which now run the country. With this the unification of Dawei and Shan under Cochin the new state begins an aggressive integrationist policy. The Sepoya troops in Cochin are expanded to nearly 8000 and the economic policies are used to increase the productivity of the territory. The Greater Cochin area now houses nearly 1000 Spanish marines now using it as a major base of operations in the region.
    • Shanghai: The city of Shanghai - due to its presence on the mainland of China proper - becomes a massive economic and trade port for the empire only just a few years but with direct access to Chinese goods coveted by Europe a huge volume of trade ships numbering in the hundreds flood the port purchasing the goods and transporting them across the Pacific via Spain global trade route. Shanghai hears of the first potential immunization for smallpox via Chinese texts and begins looking into it. The Sepoya troops of Shanghai are officially drawn down to about 5000 for the time being with it being split with a Japanese force and a Shanghaian Force of about 2500 apiece both led by Spanish officers and troops. Shanghai is named the headquarters of the overseas South China Sea Company and manages to secure 500 elite Spaniard troops to guard the interest in China. The newly built trade port of Heian is put under Shanghai's operational umbrella on the island of Hainan.
    • Qingdao: Qingdao - due to further distance - is set up as another South China Sea Company ruled territory and the good from the area are used to attract traders here as well. This is done to prevent the city of Shanghai being the only major Spanish Chinese port. The company invests into a force of about 1000 to hold the city and now about 30 top-of-the-line ships.
    • New Aragon: New Aragon is officially established as an independent viceroyalty with the discovery of another organized state in Australia with plans to begin expansion around 1700. The Areas shows a large influx of Spanish military settlers looking to keep any hostility down on the continent of Australia. The Force here is at about 300 with a grand total population of about 2000. The emerging importance of this territory becomes increasingly important as New Aragon is given ten top-of-the-line ships, and about 500 marines to keep the area a major territory of Spanish influence. New Aragon begins considering the opening up of a new Colony on the now named Continent of Australia.
  • The Kiatagmiut Band continues to have greater exposure to Eastern customs and iron-working and metallurgy, all due to the Nivkh Band. Domestication efforts continue, as does trade by qayaq. Nivkh sailors continue to help the Band in the improvement of our qayaqs. The rollout of the written language continues to be emphasized by the High Shaman and other shamans throughout the nation. Some expansion takes place into Kaialigamiut lands.
  • Empire of Urdustan: Several Urdu merchants continue to sponsor gem mines in the Mogok area of Ava, due to the high concentration of gems such as rubies, sapphires, garnets and moonstones, and the first of many mines begin to return with more successes. Construction of ships based upon Castilian designs, granted to us by them, continues, in order to further our efforts to explore and trade. New crops continue to enter into several plantations, opium and cannabis. With the increasing popularity of wood-block printing, works in Urdu/Hindi are created and stored in large amounts, in order to further cement the change in Urdustan. Efforts to better the military continue with a mandatory rearming of the noble levies, with the Emperor offering to pay half the costs per noble, and with any noble refusing to do so, being met with increasingly less beneficial trade interaction by other nobles and foreign merchants. The Islamization of Urdustan continues from an increase in missionary activity. The construction of the observatory allows for Urdustani examination of the stars, and they begin to use translations of European texts to facilitate their own, independent observations. Trade with Kham continues, as well as financial offerings to stabilize their economy. The current Emperor passes away at a relatively young age (47) in comparison to previous Emperors who have lived to their late fifties and early sixties. His son, ایلیٹ الیاس شاہ کے ایک کٹھ پتلی (Sambhrānta iliyāsa śāha kī ēka kaṭhaputalī) at the age of 17, takes the throne. Since he is not yet 18, many consider him young and inept currently, and as such, more powers are delegated to the Urdustani Royal Council, now commonly known as the "شہنشاہوں کی کونسل" (Council of Emperors) due to their unprecidented power.
    • Swargadeo of Barphanivāsa: (Barpha nivāsa kē rājya, برف مکان کی بادشاہی): The Swargadeo of Trans-Assam continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. The land reclamation, having been going on for decades, is extremely successful in creating viable farmland for rice, grain and other staple crops, increasing Kamarupa's population and their yearly trade output. In the newly conquered regions of Tibet, there is a beginning of attempts to cultivate the land to farm potatoes and cotton mainly. However, since this is fairly early in the efforts, herding of yaks, goats, cattle, and sheep remain the economic mainstay of the Tibetan region. Efforts to convert the new peoples begins in full as missionaries enter the country with administrative rights.
    • Rayja of Vijaynagara (وجینگر کی بادشاہی, Vijayanagara kē rājya): The Rayja of Vijaynagara, still ruled over by the Urdustani Emperor, begins to see some reforms. These reforms include making it easier for Hindus to become part of the noble caste, lowering their taxes and requirements. To compensate for this loss of Islamic power, however, schools increasingly put more emphasis on learning Urdu, an Islamic language in the Arabic script.
    • The Plutocratic State of Jaunpur (جونپور کے بہت سے پردانوں ریاست, Jaunapura kē ka'ī ra'īsōṁ rājya): Now vassalized by Urdustan, their debts begin to disappear quickly as either Urdustan begins the process of paying off the debts of Jaunpur to Urdustan by purchasing noble seats for Urdustani nobility. This flood of Urdustani nobility leads to a more reformed military in regards to Urdustani tactics, as well as an economy more specialized and focused on producing less types of goods, but many of them.
    • The Sultanate of Deccan (دکن کے سلطان, Ḍēkkana kī saltanata): Now vassalized by Urdustan, their debts begin to disappear quickly as either Urdustan begins the process of paying off the debts of Jaunpur to Urdustan by purchasing noble seats for Urdustani nobility. This flood of Urdustani nobility leads to a more reformed military in regards to Urdustani tactics, as well as an economy more specialized and focused on producing less types of goods, but many of them.
    • The Rayja of Sindh (سندھ کی بادشاہی, Sindha kē rājya): Now vassalized by Urdustan, greater focus begins to be put on its shipping industry and infrastructure to transport items to ports, so as to maximize the amount of income from its farmland in regards to potatoes, indigo and opium. The military begins to be reformed to more Urdustani tactics.
  • Ming China: The Chinese continue to expand their economy and military.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to prosper in this time of peace. The economy continues to grow as the trade networks across the Empire become more solidified and trade networks outside of the Empire continue to expand, particularly in eastern Asia and Borealia. The military and the navy continues to train, practice, and learn new techniques as they are discovered. The military eventually rises to about 200,000 trained soldiers, although not all of those soldiers are on duty all the time for economic concerns. Troops of all ethnicities are trained to keep the army diverse and the ethnic groups unified. The various Archonates continue to be integrated with new infrastructure, new trade connections, and a newly increasing sense of Roman "identity." Some expansionists begin to wonder why Egypt has not yet been added to the Empire as a full Archonate yet, although the Emperor assures them that it will happen. The reign of John IX has been relatively peaceful and prosperous, with minimal incidents. An attempted overthrow happened, but that was short and rapidly crushed by the army. The policy toward the Turks, numbering about two million out of an Empire of 23 million, remains the same, and a few hundred to a thousand Turks are estimated to leave the Empire each year. Cities like Ancyra, Nicaea and Ephesus continue to grow, further fortifying Roman control over western Anatolia. Military outposts along the border with the Damascan Sultanate are constructed and fortified, as the Emperor notices that there are now no buffer states between the two rising powers. Influence in vassal states continues to grow, and the Roman political and economic sphere continues to expand and consolidate its gains. The offer of the Cherokee is accepted, and Cherokee ambassadors are invited to Reme to discuss what they have planned.
    • Reme: The colony continues to prosper from the growth of cash crops and their export. Along with the native issue, some troops and militia as well as allied natives join in the fight to defeat the raiders and conquer their lairs. The native states are defeated and their lands placed under military occupation pending an increase of relations and better governance. Expands in the north by 20 pixels. The issues with the pirates begins to come to the attention of the colonial government, and steps are taken in order to cut down on piracy, including increased patrols. Increasing bureaucracy in the colonies is careful to facilitate cordial relations between the natives and colonists. Economic growth, particularly in Antillia, drive the colonization process further. Cooperation with the natives increases to further protect the mainland colonies, while better fortifications and shipyards are constructed in order to better protect the colonies.
    • Egypt: Egypt begins to recover from the war. With almost all of the Muslim inhabited lands of the state stripped from it, Egypt is now mostly Christian, although the rights of the Muslims remaining are not infringed upon. Food begins to be grown again, and this helps the population recover from ages of war. The Roman military garrison largely maintains order, while a 25,000 man Egyptian force is trained to help protect the nation and the canal. The Grigius family returns from Greece to rule over Egypt once again, and they are met with some enthusiasm. The previous royal family is deposed from ruling but they are not harmed and are allowed to maintain their nobility, as relatives to the current king. Other nobles who were loyal keep their nobility, and commoners who remained loyal to Rome are given nobility and automatic citizenship. As the population continues to grow, it centers around the cities of Alexandria, Damietta, Luxor, and the newly refounded Berenice. Alexandria becomes a shining city on the banks of the sea and the Nile, and it is widely admired. Berenice is growing well, and the trade from India and China makes the city expand much more quickly. Large ships are sent around the Cape of Africa to serve as trade ships at Berenice. The population still remains mostly agricultural at this time. The revolt of the border town is easily put down by the military occupation force, but the lesson of the revolt is not lost on the Occupation Force and most of the Imperial government. Steps are taken to prevent or otherwise cut off revolts when they start, and as such some of the cultural laws and ideas initiated in the previous period of Roman rule are to be restored, with the rest restored over time. With the problems of the canal, the Roman military occupation and the native Egyptian military set up patrols along sections of the canal to ensure that raids are not too damaging. At the same time, the military tries to pinpoint the origins of these raids and take them out at the root. Military and economic growth and stability is the next major project for the Egyptian government. Egyptian officers are trained at military academies in Roman cities such as Constantinople, Adrianople and Sparta while Egyptian merchants are invested in and trained by Roman merchants. By now, most of the institutions of the Egyptian state have been rebuilt to some degree and are firmly integrated with their Roman counterparts.
    • Georgia: The Roman military occupation is largely frowned upon by the locals. However, the locals do approve of some aspects. They do approve of Roman occupation rather than Damascan occupation, and the fact that the Bagrationi Dynasty still rules earns some decent respect for Roman authority. Roman authorities work with the Bagrationi Dynasty to help bring improvements to the region and its people. Infrastructure is repaired from the war and new roads and buildings are constructed to benefit both the occupation and the native people. To help earn the loyalty of the native population, the Laz people, related to the Georgians themselves, are persuaded to gradually move from their homeland in northern Anatolia to join their brothers in Georgia. The existing Georgian navy is enrolled into the Imperial Navy while new Georgian merchants and military officers are enrolled in education programs to better integrate them with existing Imperial systems.
    • Armenia: The country of Armenia faces a bit of a problem. The Roman occupation force, as a general precaution, did not allow the Bragationi family remain in control of both Armenia and Georgia. As such, the need for a royal was the first challenge to be addressed. After much consideration in the Imperial court of Constantinople, it is decided that the Lusignan Dynasty of former Cyprus and Armenian Cicilia will take the throne, as some yet still live in Constantinople and have displayed considerable loyalty to the Empire a few decades after the fall of Cyprus. The new dynasty is enthroned on New Years Day, and the new king and the Roman occupation force begin eagerly in making Armenia a safe and prosperous place. Merchants and military officers are trained in ways similar to their Georgian counterparts, while border posts are constructed along the southern border with the Damascan Sultanate. In contrast with the Georgians, the Armenians are relatively glad to have Roman rule, as the Damascans directly invaded Armenia and threatened the populace.
  • Grand Croatian Bajanate (Veliki Hrvatski Bajanat): Military turn. The organizational reform continues, and the monetary reform begins, and from now on Croatia will use the "kuna" as the currency. The Sabor reform ends. The educational reform begins with the creation of new universities in Red Croatia, White Croatia and Carantania (and to a lesser extent in Poland) and the blossoming of numerous new writers who, unlike before, adopt an writing style by looking up to the Ancient Greek and Roman writers. The Čudoljubovo University's works are slowly being copied and transferred to Red Croatia, primarily Zadar and Zagreb with both having major universities either built or improved such as the Zagreb University, consisting of natural sciences, philosophy, law and theology (prirodoslovlje, mudroslovlje, pravo i bogoslovlje). Timurism is deemed heresy and begins losing the little followers it had. Ragusan culture begins gaining more influence in all of the Bajanate. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Bajanate. With growing Ragusan influence, and the begining of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. The Kliment idiocracy is overthrown in late 1693 and the Czech Banate and Silesian Banate are to join the Bajanate through the Treaty of Prague.
    • ​Banate of Red Croatia: Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined.
    • Polish Banate (Poljski Banat): The Polish Banate grows relatively independently, although a part of the Bajanate, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Ban is elected by it while the Bajan only confirms him.
    • Podbanate of Dahomej (Podbanat Dahomej): The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Banate of White Croatia (Bijelohrvatski Banat): The White Croats spread the White Croat amongst those who still consider themselves not-Croats. Preparations are made to unite with the Red Croats in order to create a fully unified Croatian nation.
    • Podbanate of Carantania (Podbanat Karantanska): Croatization continues, starting with removing any pro-Austrian threats. The idea that Carantania is Slavic since the Carantanian Slavic tribe settled there spreads and is used to bring the Podbanate closer to the Banate.
    • Isles of the Grand Bajanate: The colonizers push inward, expanding onto the unsettled part of the isles. Croats primarily begin settling the new lands.
    • Carantanian Island (Karantanski Otok): The colony expands by 750 sq km.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1693, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz, Landshut continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Dominic I, aged 34, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Rome, and Bohemia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In domestic news, King Franz-Dominic continues attempting to propagate the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 50% of Bavaro-German secondary speakers in Franken-Sachsen, and uptick of 35% of primary speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 5000 remaining in Saxony, and 5000 in Thuringia. With the Bohemian revolt, Leopold orders that several infrastructure projects be started in Brandenburg and Pomerania instead of Bohemia. The 5000 troops in Bohemia are split and diverted to Osterreich and Brandenburg/Pomerania. 2500 arrive in Osterreich, while 1000 and 1500 arrive in Brandenburg and Pomerania, respectively. The King sends financial and food aid to Austria, and announces that the Bavarian crown will pay for 35% of all infrastructural renovations in Austria, Brandenburg, Pomerania. In royal news, the King's children are: Maria (born 1684). In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In social and political news, the actions of the Bavarian crown in dealing with Austria, Brandenburg, and Pomerania have become widely known and popular. Several scholars at the Isabell University in Munich have labelled the relief efforts as a Restoration. Soon, many people refer to the massive tax cuts, infrastructural reconstructions, and general aid as Restoration. When dealing with the south, many in Bavaria label the restoration as Austrian Reconstruction. Army reforms continue, making substantial progress in modernizing the standing forces, in part by sweeping away feudal levies. In political news, Franz-Dominic I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In cultural news, Wolfgang Diefenbach establishes himself as a prominent European scientist, and immediately sets up a proto-salon in Berlin. In political news, several parliamentary factions spring up in the Curia Bavaria. Several factions are opposed to both the existence of the Curia Austria as well as the latter's call for a larger, country-wide parliament.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law.
    • Grand Duchy of Franken-Sachsen: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I, aged 34, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Leopold normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Duchy of Neustadt: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The ports of Fehmarn are expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Osterreich (Austria) in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. King Leopold orders that 5000 troops be sent to Austria to standby. Food and financial aid is sent to Austria, primarily to Vienna and surrounding cities. Furthermore, Leopold sends messengers to Vienna officials noting that the Bavarian crown will be paying for 50% of all Vienna-based infrastructure projects. He also notes that the taxes of the Austrian populace will be moderately lowered, lower than pre-war levels, in the face of the devastation of the war. He also announces aid will be increased over the next few years. In early 1667, an Austrian scholar and merchant, named Karl Manzkari, establishes a trade outpost in Vienna. Initially attracting local merchants, it soon amasses a large array of traders, mostly from northern Austria. In 1668, Karl Manzkari establishes a much smaller outpost in another section of Vienna, hoping to attract more business. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for King Leopold II.
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 186 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is tentatively popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separte legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue to be constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria, and perhaps a large legislature servicing all Bavarian realms, one which would be an Upper house while the Curia Bavaria and Curia Austria would be regional lower houses.
    • Margraviate of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Margrave Albert II, age 33, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Brandenburg in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Albert orders that several infrastructure commissions are created in order to repair the extreme damage to Brandenburg after the war. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Brandenburg. Wolfgang Diefenbach's first scientific meeting in Berlin is successful. The first scientific meeting will occur in 1675. Young Albert is married off to Maria von Hamburg. Margrave Albert II has two children, Karolina (born 1679), and Albert (born 1683). Albert II and Maria have a child this year, who they name Albert.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Ballard, age 53, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Pomerania in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Franz-Ballard orders that several repairs commence on the several ports in Pomerania, including heavy repairs on the main ports. This is done to revitalize trade, commerce and transport as soon as possible. Later on, Leopold and Franz-Ballard plan on touring Pomerania in order to make it known that he holds no ill will for any Pomeranian. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Pomerania. Mary of Pomerania is married to Henry von Hamburg in a matrilineal match, so children would be under the Wittelsbach dynasty. Franz-Ballard, knowing he is unable to produce children, and does not care much for another marriage, declares Mary to be his heir. Princess Mary and Henry von Hamburg have a daughter in 1687, who they name Margaret. Princess Mary has a son this year, who she names Franz-Heinrich.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, and Berlin. Adalbert Völcher, Edmund von Rot-Pferd, and Markus-Paul Ehrbach are among the most prominent merchants and leaders in the RBSC.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers namePerlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself.
  • Ayutthaya: We continue our influencing of the controlled regions of Laos and Cambodia and we expand our military bases in the area. We do all we can to remove non-thai ethnecities from the regions and build a large population of Thai people. Roads are expanded linking the new regions and particuarly to our gunpowder producing regions. The roads connecting Lower Dawei with Ayutthaya have been expanded again and many towns and smaller cities start thriving on the busy roads. Military expansion continues on the Ayutthayan Nicobar and we also increase our navy research in an effort to keep up to date. We continue building our relations with Lanka, the Dutch, Japan and Hispania and we also try to increase our trade. Smaller logging camps are made in Lanna where there is an abundance of forest which needs clearing for an expanding population. We also hope that the cleared land will help us produce more farming land. Ayutthaya wishes to see economic growth after having the war with Laos and Cambodia and we continue to try to rebuild our economy. As a result of the war, our post-war industry and military has slightly improved and we now see a majority of units using European based weaponry and about a third now use rifles.
  • Peruvian Confederation: Within the  Inca Empire proper, the military, economy and navy are improved. Cava dies at the age of 65. her eldest son takes the throne. He, like his mother, places himself on the throne of both Tawatinsuyu and Chiribaya. Population of the Empire stands at six million, with the largest city being Cuzco (170,000), then Peru (80,000), Machu Picchu (65,000), Chimu (50,000) Sican (30,000) and New Burgundy (25,000). Cava also creates the Peruvian Confederation, modeled after the Spanish confederation, it consists of Peru and her vassals.Huascar takes the throne. Her other children include Huascar's brother, Maitia (27), and his sister, Ka-Atta-Killia. (20) Reconstuction of Huari continues. A novel called , The Children of the Mountains , is published in the Inca Empire. The Novel details a history where Cuzco is destroyed by Spanish Conquerors and what remains of the Inca live within the mountains, fighting against the Spanish conquistadors. The novel is mostly ignored. The Inca ask Spain if it is all right to form the Peruvian Royal Army, which would act as a sperate entinty from the Colonial military.
    • Empire of Chiribaya: With the formation of the Peruvian Confederation and the Elevation of Chiribaya into an empire, a new wave of updates to the military, economy and navy begins. The nation, under Cava's rule, begins to develop laws similar to that of the Inca. An effort to attract immigrants from Tawatinsuyu begins, as the population stands at 1,500,000. Chirbaya Cuzco has a population of 75,000.
    • Hanan Peru: Military and economy improve. Chan Chan is developed and preparations are made to join the Peruvian Confederation as the Empire of Peru alongside Collaquimbaya. Population stands at 1,500,000. Chan Chan has a population of 127,000.
    • Collaquimbaya: Expansion ends. Military and economy improve. Population stands at 100,000. The city of Apeac stands at a population of 10,000.
  • Scandinavian Empire: As peace is restored after the Alleghany Wars, Scandinavia proposes the creation of a new colony in the area called Jansylvania, named after Jans Eriksen, who discovered the area in the early 1500s. The capital is set at a trading post deep in Alleghany territory. The city is called Fritzborg after the general in charge of taking the land. Explorers work to explore lands along the Ohio River and along the Great Lakes. In the meantime, Scandinavian traders in the Sri Lanka region bring back with them a dodo bird. These birds, which have become increasingly rare, have captivated and marveled the Scandinavian public. It survives the voyage back to Scandinavia. There, King Kristoffer takes an interest in purchasing the bird. He does so and keeps one of the last known dodos as a pet. The economy expands.
    • Helluland: The economy is established.
    • Huronsmark: The economy is improved.
    • Iceland: The economy is improved.
    • Jansylvania: The economy is expanded.
    • Karelia: The economy expands.
    • New Gotland: The economy expands.
    • Schleswig: The economy is expanded.
    • Sjösmark: The economy is expanded this year as new rifles make it to Sjösmark.
    • Strombek: The economy is expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km.
    • Vinland: The economy is expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. Knyaz-Namestnik Fredrik Hohenzollern is named the eventual "Acting Sovereign" by a decision after this year's Grand Summit, when they decided who would take oin the Responsibilities of the 68-year old Supreme Duchess in the eventual case of her demise. Another thing that came out of this year's Summit is the plan for a connected network of roads to increase communication between all the UK republics. The first steps to build a united road network is begun "To rival that of ancient Rome" at the City of Narva, where the first cobble roads are laid out, and construction begins to connect Pskov, Taalinn, and Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve. This is especially important because the city lies at the border, and the decision to start there only shows co-operations between all states involved. In any case, the situation in Danzig calms a bit. However, tensions remain high. The PIC goes to France to try to purchase the Caroline Islands, the southern of which they were already de facto administering anyway. In any case, Pskovian military and Navy get a slight boost due to the Economic growth occuring. Cash crops in the Americas such as cotton farmed in the Bahamas and Sugar and the like farmed in the Leeward Islands are big commodities in Europe and bring the PIC, and therefore Pskov, profit. Gold is also being mined in Zlatobrezhie which brings profit. Meanwhile, there, many administrators are now local, and Pskov are simply now the higher-ranking officials, already infiltrating the language and high culture, with many wealthy Zlatobrezhians gaining and education in the University of Pskov. The first Academy is opened in Zlatobrezhie, run by the church, and as missionaries continue the work of thse sent before them, stuff happens, and Christianity grows. In any case, some traders set up shop in Senegal for the first time. The Pskovians manage to procure a trade deal with the local governement, and the PIC opens its first branch in the Senegalese capital. From there, they plan on discovering every resource exploitable, this multinational corporations will not elave a single source of income for Pskov untapped. The first meetings with the Etat de Danzig and Croatia to settle the Danzig issue are scheduled for next year. The Events in the Neighbouring Russian states are watched with great intrigue, and a decision is made by the New Veche in a secret session to fund dissent amongst Russians against the tsar, and arm possible "republican" rebels in Novgorod. Much of the support comes from descendants of the Republicans in the Novgorod civil war that fled to Pskov once the civil war in Novgorod was over. Covert agents are sent into Novgorod and some into Moscow to incite crowds against the Tsar. The Events in the Imperial Sea are viewed with much caution, as the PIC debates what to do, In the end, the decision is made to continue trading with everyone, and to pose a position of "armed neutrality" in the conflict. This position is adopted by many members of the Veche, and an act is passed declaring a state of "Readily Armed Neutrality" in the Americas, taking no position, and not firing unless fired upon, and continue to trade regardless of the actions of the parties. In this year's grand summit, the issue of international unity begins to be discussed, To better show unity, a decision is made, and next year it will be executed ...
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti reacts with indifference to the tensions building up in Danzig. "It's not really our problem, let the United Republic deal with it" is the general sentiment to people that either know about it, or are peripherally involved, like the Riigikogu. In any case the military is upgraded with flintlocks and whatnot. The Peaminister of Eesti agrees to meet in Riga, and attends what he dubbed the "Grand Summit".
    • In Latvia, economic dev happens as farming methods are improved, and Pskovina merchants invest in possible future profits. The President of the Seima attends the Grand Summit.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff, the Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit.
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP, and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care of the fate of the "lesser" nobility). In any case, the Prussian army waits at the gates of Danzig, hoping to gain access to the city. However, the French do not let them in, and refuse to give taxes, as Danzig belonging to France is not official in any treaty, but rather de facto. This is due to the change in administration, and the public outcry by the new leader of the Bundestag. In any case, this might actually harm some people, so many Prussians living in cities watch the situation with great care ... or at least try to in the era of information traveling very slowly. The Chancellor attends the Grand Summit.

1694

With the Kliment Idiocracy overthrown, Vladimir Kliment's son Rudolf flees the nation with his family and ventures to the Kingdom of the Rhineland. There he takes up the name Rodolfe Clemens.

The U-Tsang and Kham enter a dynastic union.

A Ukrainian writer, Yuriy Apostol, publishes a comedy about Alyosha Popovich, one of the three Kievan' Rus bogatyrs. Using many absurd versions of real life characters and situations, he presents the Kievan people their current problems in a humorous manner.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries.
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz.
  • Empire of Japan (Personal Union With Manchuria): The military/economy is built up. A Japanese colonialist named Yokohama comes to the court of the Emperor Yoshi II. He is tried for disloyalty to the emperor and not worshiping Shinto. He dies after a long, painful, tortuous death. The minorities, as well as unhappy colonists and non-Shinto followers, launch a military coup on the capital. The emperor, a follower of the samurai, had lost a fight with another person. This meant to Yoshi II to commit suicide in a ritual, surrounded by many loyalists. However, as he died without an heir, someone had to become the new one. After some more fighting, the opposition wins and transforms Japan into a monarchal empire, with Yokohama's son Yokohama II, as emperor. However, Due to recent reports that the economy is falling, Emperor Yokohama II is poisoned by bad wine, brought from Spanish merchants. His son, Horiyōshi Yokohama III, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarch's rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised upon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere.
    • Ainu (Vassal of Japan): The economy is improved. Trade ships are starting to be built, so the Ainu can trade more with Japan and their companions.
    • Japanese Manchuria (Colony of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 9 larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs.
    • Taiwan (Vassal of Japan): Economy is improved. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan.
    • North Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to North Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
    • South Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to South Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
  • Manchu Empire (Personal Union With Japan): With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Horiyōshi Yokohama III succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy, therefore importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchase battleships from Japan. [Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Hailar Khaganate: With the defeat of the guerrilla forces in Hailar, Manchu control over the state was set up. The Emperor Qing Fúlín Shùnzhì, appointed Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon as the Governor of the state who in turn introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Mangut Nivkh Tribes[Mil/Eco Turn]
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland through the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Empire continues starting to prepare for another invasion in Cahokie region and Baie d'etoiles as Bayougoulaa has been named (after the king decided it fit his desire) begins to be heavily populated by French, mostly farmers and fur traders, for now small cotton productions continue popping out and growing as well as tobacco plantations in the area of OTL St Francisville called St Louis de Rouge. The colony is divided in three districts, Cahokienne districts (the thin continuous line up north) The Baie d'etoiles district (OTL Bayogoulaa). After several years of relative peace the French Empire prepares for a new war: the invasion of the Nehilaw, the country is fastly mobilized and the navy is prepared to deploy 150,000 soldiers from Europe to meet up with colonial forces (125,000 from Nouvelle Orleans (Colombia), 25,000 from Chateau d'or (French Central America) 20,000 from Jamaica and 30,000 from Rouenelle (Louisiana). We condemn the Invasion of Hesse but desire to remain neutral on the subject for the time, we offer the Westphalian monarchs to take refuge in the kingdom of Rhineland 50,000 mercenaries are sent to the Brussels government as the king sees the change of strengthening the relationship with the Dutch by helping the rebels from Brussels. However, this contingent is unofficial and not much news is spread of this through the empire. The Annexation of Neu Franken is made official under the Name of Nouvelle Artois and the Zollern Islands Renamed Illes Carolinnes. The French began building up their defenses along the river and troops began moving en masse to the Regions of Nouvelle Artois and Rouenelle. The nation is outraged by the Breton assassination, However, the king decides to await for a more favorable time to punish the Breton Killing, The king, however, warns the Bretons and States clearly, "Any further damage to a French citizen in their territory or piracy or any sort of attempted attack at the Kingdom's subjects will be viewed as a war declaration and the rather view towards the Breton that France has kept will change rather quick. Blockades to Breton traders begins in the territories of the French Empire.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The French influx in the southern areas caused by over population of the northern areas of the country (mostly around the capital, Rouen and Nantes) a few regions begin to officially allow French as co-official language while others are still deeply Germanic. While this, throughout the entire country deep cultural change undergoes as the country feels different from the French nations, however, no longer sees itself as a nation under the HRE German influence and has lost respect at their failure to protect them.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.The war troops return as the war ends later on the year. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Uprisings begin in Sardinia for further freedom and desire of independence from the French monarchy and the African Kingdom. However, for the time being African peoples influx continue entering the country. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The local language in Africa continues growing as most of the population (83% of 1.53 million) the rest speaking some Germanic languages (mostly from Rhenish settlers) with 8%, Arabic with 4% and Sardo-African with 5%.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue to be built to outlying villages and plantations continue to be built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, the establishment of the City as a Vassal of France after the occupation of the city since 1655.
    • Cahokie: The country receives huge numbers of French settlers slowly displacing the local tribes fleeing to other tribal kingdoms in the region. Christianization begins. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. Cedes its southern portion of territory to the colony of Rouenelle. The Western Half of Chahta and Chickasha are annexed by the kingdom, while the rest is rewarded to the Colony of Rouenelle
  • |onte: Population grows by 50,000 people. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX, interested in the formalism of European laws and nation starts thinking of ways to consolidate |onte, such as a flag, motto, coat of arms, capital, etc. A regimentation of the "gift-based" economy has been noticed by scholars. Though transactions do not occur, per se, it is considered very rude not to reciprocate a gift. However, they need not be of equal value. The knowledge and education in Kunene spread on a slight scale, as authors, story tellers, philosophers and other intelligentsia leave their work out to gain recognition, often taken home by farmers from the countryside, the farmers, who grow far more than they will need, leave their rice in the grain storage. A trend has appeared for women to cover their breasts. However, the trend is mostly confined to Kunene. Mon XI sends his 200,000-strong Eheresito hu |onte to begin mining for diamonds that were recently encountered, greatly boosting the economy, allowing for food imports and the buying of ships. |onte's navy reaches a large size after many years of buying from France.
  • ​'Korea:' Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. A few Shinto missionaries from Jejudo help out Japan in Vietnam to bring Shinto there.
  • Grand Croatian Bajanate (Veliki Hrvatski Bajanat): Military turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Bajanate. With growing Ragusan influence, and the begining of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory.
    • ​Banate of Croatia: Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mine.
    • Polish Banate (Poljski Banat): The Polish Banate grows relatively independently, although a part of the Bajanate, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Ban is elected by it while the Bajan only confirms him.
    • Czech Banate (Češki Banat): The Banate recovers from the Idiocracy's rule and many nobles gain more power in the nation.
    • Podbanate of Silesia (Šlezijski Podbanat): The Podbanate's natural resources are highly sought in the rest of the Bajanate which leads to economic growth.
    • Podbanate of Dahomej (Podbanat Dahomej): The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Podbanate of Carantania (Podbanat Karantanska): Croatization continues, starting with removing any pro-Austrian threats. The idea that Carantania is Slavic since the Carantanian Slavic tribe settled there spreads and is used to bring the Podbanate closer to the Banate.
    • Isles of the Grand Bajanate: The infrastructure is built up.
    • Carantanian Island (Karantanski Otok): The colony expands by 750 sq km.
  • Hispania: The Kingdom of Spain itself begins to see a small demographical decline as the immigration to colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise. The Spanish nobility even sees a large sort of Decline as many of the younger sons and daughters go to the Spanish colonies as the example has been set by the Royal Familiy. The Commercial reforms for the empire reach completion with a notable increase in the economy as a result. Cape Ferdinand gains further investment as gold, and other raw materials have been discovered of worth within the previously port/trade oriented colony. The royal government continues to develop plans for the eventual reconquest of Hawaii. The Hispanian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more Third rates, and fourth Rates with the occasional Second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets. The Hispanian fleet triumphs over Japan and secures her trade routes. The Empire begins to influence Vorlayacor (Turn Two of Three) using dominant trading power and a near monopoly of Spanish trade to permeate the nation with Spanish influence The Hispanian military begins major reforms using its major surplus in budget to form multiple new armies. The First army is just a reformed domestic force to be based in Spain of almost 40,000 (not all of which is constantly mobilized). The Second is an expansion of the italian force to nearly 25,000 and being renamed to the the Army of Italy. The final force is a force of 10,000 loyal Spaniards in North Africa, forming the Army of North Africa.
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army is drawn back to 40,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire or are Spanish cultured. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. Italy continues its economic buildup become a large part of the Spanish economy. The Italians show some minor unrest under the Spanish but the growing Hispanicized populace in Southern Italy is beginning to overtake various cultures within the southern territories. Some cultures such as Sicilian one of the most dominant in Southern Italy have become a closely tied culture with Spanish with a common "Hispanian" Culture beginning to develop in the Historic Kingdom of Naples area as well as farther within Italy now as well.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a  fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The Kingdom of Lombardy continues its development of its armed forces, being aided by a domestic arms industry. The Economy of the kingdom officially becomes fully tied with the empire. The Navy of the kingdom is minor standing at 25 ships. The Military stands at 25,000. Hispanization of Lombardy continues.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavily under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses. The population of Morocco is at an estimated 2.5 million with many being of mixed race or Spanish origin. The Moroccan culture, however, is wholly Spanish. The Moroccan nation sees some emigration from the nation to Spanish colonies but sees no real drain as many of them are Berbers or Mestizos looking for work other than farm work in Morocco.
    • Kingdom of Algiers: With the conquest of Algiers the Moroccan state continues to occupy and pacify Algiers flooding it with new Spaniards as nobles. The Imperial system is established in Algiers and a local force of about 2000 is established and run purely by the Spanish. The economy is obviously weak but begins to be recovered due to inclusion into the Spanish system. The Kingdom of Algiers is established and many Muslim fighters and their families are exiled into the deserts with the government unwilling to deal with the ultra-orthodox or radical Muslims. The Algerian kingdom begins using low class Muslim labor to begin working on canals much like Morocco. With recent history in Morocco many Algerians simply emigrate from the area to avoid wholesale slaughter or forced slave labor. Along with this many begin to convert as Christianity takes dominant presence due to a large Spanish settler class in Algiers of nearly 30,000.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Spain's massive West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Spain and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about two million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had. The Spanish settlers in the Kongo only number about 2000.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.5 million with many living within the Cuba island territory. Morelia officially finishes its expansion having nowhere else to go. Its armed forces reach force of about 5000 Colonial Spaniards supplied by the Spanish from home.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand. The mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha - a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha drops to barely six million as the disease has ravaged the massive nearly untouched indian community in the western states. This has a massive impact as the vulnerability of the natives is considered a breaking point for the Spanish attempts to recruit them for a labor force.
    • Zapoteca: The Protectorate of Zapoteca after years of expanding begins the major integration of the new territories looking to integrate them fully. With a population of about four million Zapoteca re-arms its military into a force of about 40,000. Zapoteca also begins to consider Redistricting with more authority over Tenocha being granted while Itzapam is ceded to Morealia. The Zapotecan fleet is expanded further and a coastal highway is built up and connected with roads in Tenocha. Zapoteca boasts a large Mestizo population but also maintains a moderately sized New World born Spanish population which administrates a good amount of the Zapotecan territories
    • Mission of New Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the unorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the unorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezian military is Raised to nearly 25,000 from its new Italian territories and exiles all Germans/Austrians from the territory only leaving Italians and Hispanians (Hispanicized Italians) Venezia continues its integration of the new territory. Venezia continues on a massive path toward hispanicization.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 75,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy - in order to expand the food supply of the large colony - expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. New Spain reaches a population of nearly 4.3 million and growing through immigration and domestic growth as well as inclusion of hispanicized natives and unhispanicized natives. The Viceroyalty with full authority of the Emperor issues a series of land grants to respectable people along the Interior territories and along the West Coast of the continent throughout Chile, this puts the Mapuche and Chilean territories officially under control of New Spain. With this inclusion the vast new tracts of territory begin to be settled further to expand existing internal cities. Along with this the attractiveness of Cash cropping leads many to take out loans from the Royal Bank in New Spain which begins the development of further cash cropping such as cotton, yerba mate, wheat, barley, grapes, and a host of other cash crops keeping the crops on a rotationary cycle in order to keep prices in a fluctuation over the years and for field rejuvenation. The Settlement of the interior of New Spain continues with a notable city of Russian foundings becoming one of the most prominent interior cities. The City of Riograd is formed along the River Plata much further up the river than usual.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand rises to 120,000 colonists as many new settlers arrive due to the investment. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 75 px. Settlers along the Orange River begin an ambitious irrigation project. The Orange River settlers begin to mine diamonds.
    • Viceroyalty of New Granada: The Viceroyalty of New Granada sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 100 px. The colony's population expands to around 410,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the city of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 35,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco City. New Granada begins seeing some native resistance but forces many out in favor of settlers, Some native groups, however, seem rather keen on assimilation with the Spaniards adopting Spanish culture, Spanish language, and in some cases marrying Spanish men, and working for Spanish people. With life on the frontier rather hard, the Spaniards have great welcome for cheaper workers who are willing to adopt all aspects of Spanish culture. Taking a cue from the conquests of territory in New Spain by the natives, the Colonial forces here use a divide and conquer strategy pitting some native tribes against each other and then eliminating the survivors. New Granada with its various mountains and with some territory in the valley secured, begins to implement the learned inca method of terrace farming which is standard even in Spain at this point. The farming in general begins to show promise as surplus yields begins to show. The Forests in the area begin to be cut for ship building which quickly picks up as various Spanish trade companies and even the highly militarized Spanish Asian companies begins picking up on these developing the local economy into something impressive. Various cash crops also begin to be grown - most particularly cotton and now Grapes as well as the hybrid grape is bred and planted.
    • Philippines:Spain continues to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. Investment from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Philippines officially becomes the hub of the Spanish military in Asia. 2500 troops from the Philippines (most of them Spanish) are deployed to Burma to crush the revolt. Talks of turning the Philippines into a Crown Viceroyalty go underway. The Philippines shows notable Spanish settlement with nearly 3000 Spaniards living on the islands, mostly in Manila.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy. The protectorate of Oyo expands its armed forces to nearly 20,000 all made up of some of the minorities in the area and led by Spanish officers. A large community of Spaniards begins to develop on in the protectorate with about 3000 people between Spaniards, and Hispanicized Italians living along the coast.
    • East African Protectorates: The military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe. The potential division of the EAP is proposed with Madagasikara, Maputo, and Mozambika becoming three separate entities within the Empire. This decision shows a great deal of support as the decentralized nature of the current governmental force has become a major issue in dealing with the three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port. The company navy along with Madras maintains nearly 70 ships for personal use 20 of these being top-of-the-line warships. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambhat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 150,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Greater Cochin: The Protectorate of Greater Cochin is formed following the revolt of the noble and with this the nobility more or less are forced to give up their titles. They are all more or less replaced with a Spanish aristocracy which now run the country. With this the unification of Dawei and Shan under Cochin the new state begins an aggressive integrationist policy. The Sepoya troops in Cochin are expanded to nearly 8000 and the economic policies are used to increase the productivity of the territory. The Greater Cochin area now houses nearly 1000 Spanish marines now using it as a major base of operations in the region.
    • Shanghai: The city of Shanghai - due to its presence on the mainland of China proper - becomes a massive economic and trade port for the empire only just a few years but with direct access to Chinese goods coveted by Europe a huge volume of trade ships numbering in the hundreds flood the port purchasing the goods and transporting them across the Pacific via Spain global trade route. Shanghai hears of the first potential immunization for smallpox via Chinese texts and begins looking into it. The Sepoya troops of Shanghai are officially drawn down to about 5000 for the time being with it being split with a Japanese force and a Shanghaian Force of about 2500 apiece both led by Spanish officers and troops. Shanghai is named the headquarters of the overseas South China Sea Company and manages to secure 500 elite Spaniard troops to guard the interest in China. The newly built trade port of Heian is put under Shanghai's operational umbrella on the island of Hainan.
    • Qingdao: Qingdao - due to further distance - is set up as another South China Sea Company ruled territory and the good from the area are used to attract traders here as well. This is done to prevent the city of Shanghai being the only major Spanish Chinese port. The company invests into a force of about 1000 to hold the city and now about 30 top-of-the-line ships.
    • New Aragon: New Aragon is officially established as an independent viceroyalty with the discovery of another organized state in Australia with plans to begin expansion around 1700. The Areas shows a large influx of Spanish military settlers looking to keep any hostility down on the continent of Australia. The Force here is at about 300 with a grand total population of about 2000. The emerging importance of this territory becomes increasingly important as New Aragon is given ten top-of-the-line ships, and about 500 marines to keep the area a major territory of Spanish influence. New Aragon begins considering the opening up of a new Colony on the now named Continent of Australia.
  • The Cherokee Nation: builds up its military in preparation for the war against the Creek. General Galegenoh builds up his invasion force to attack the north of the Creek Mvskoke Etvlwv nation. The General and Prince Sequoyah merge their armies together into a single Cherokee invasion force. However an unforseen harsh winter stops the war from starting this year and instead the army prepares to start soon. Elsewhere, Prince Waya continues his plot to become the King of the Shawana, with a plan to poison the King of the Shawana when he next comes to visit his grandchildren after the royal couple of Waya and Ama announce they will soon have a second child. The deadly reception begins to be planned.
    • Cherokee Diplomacy: The Cherokee invasion force commanders, General Galegenoh and Prince Sequoyah send messengers to the Roman military commanders in Reme. They ask if the Romans are ready to start their war next year or if they need a more time to prepare?
    • Roman Diplomacy: The Romans are ready whenever the Cherokee are.
  • Peruvian Confederation: Within the Inca Empire proper, the military, economy and navy are improved. Cava dies at the age of 65. her eldest son takes the throne. He, like his mother, places himself on the throne of both Tawatinsuyu and Chiribaya. Population of the Empire stands at 6,000,000, with the largest city being Cuzco (170,000), then Peru (80,000), Machu Picchu (65,000), Chimu (50,000) Sican (30,000) and New Burgundy (25,000). Cava also creates the Peruvian Confederation, modeled after the Spanish confederation, it consists of Peru and her vassals.Huascar takes the throne. Her other children include Huascar's brother, Maitia (27), and his sister, Ka-Atta-Killia. (20) Reconstuction of Huari continues. A novel called , The Children of the Mountains , is published in the Inca Empire. The novel details a history where Cuzco is destroyed by Spanish Conquerors and what remains of the Inca live within the mountains, fighting against the Spanish conquistadors. The novel is mostly ignored. The Inca ask Spain if it is all right to form the Peruvian Royal Army, which would act as a sperate entinty from the Colonial military.
    • Empire of Chiribaya: With the formation of the Peruvian Confederation and the Elevation of Chiribaya into an empire, a new wave of updates to the military, economy and navy begins. The nation, under Cava's rule, begins to develop laws similar to that of the Inca. An effort to attract immigrants from Tawatinsuyu begins, as the population stands at 1.75 million. Chirbaya Cuzco has a population of 75,000.
    • Empire of Chimor: Military and economy improve. Chan Chan is developed. Population stands at 1.8 million. Chan Chan has a population of 127,000. As the nation ascends to the Empire of Chimor, the Inca encourage the movement of Chimu people (those who remain) back to their homeland.
    • Empire of Collaquimbaya: Expansion ends. Military and economy improve. Population stands at 180,000. The city of Apeac stands at a population of 10,000.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to prosper in this time of peace. The economy continues to grow as the trade networks across the Empire become more solidified and trade networks outside of the Empire continue to expand, particularly in eastern Asia and Borealia. The military and the navy continues to train, practice, and learn new techniques as they are discovered. The military eventually rises to about 200,000 trained soldiers, although not all of those soldiers are on duty all the time for economic concerns. Troops of all ethnicities are trained to keep the army diverse and the ethnic groups unified. The various Archonates continue to be integrated with new infrastructure, new trade connections, and a newly increasing sense of Roman "identity." Some expansionists begin to wonder why Egypt has not yet been added to the Empire as a full Archonate yet, although the Emperor assures them that it will happen. The reign of John IX has been relatively peaceful and prosperous, with minimal incidents. An attempted overthrow happened, but that was short and rapidly crushed by the army. The policy toward the Turks, numbering about two million out of an Empire of 23 million, remains the same, and a few hundred to a thousand Turks are estimated to leave the Empire each year. Cities like Ancyra, Nicaea and Ephesus continue to grow, further fortifying Roman control over western Anatolia. Military outposts along the border with the Damascan Sultanate are constructed and fortified, as the Emperor notices that there are now no buffer states between the two rising powers. Influence in vassal states continues to grow, and the Roman political and economic sphere continues to expand and consolidate its gains. The offer of the Cherokee is accepted, and Cherokee ambassadors are invited to Reme to discuss what they have planned.
    • Reme: The colony continues to prosper from the growth of cash crops and their export. Along with the native issue, some troops and militia as well as allied natives join in the fight to defeat the raiders and conquer their lairs. The native states are defeated and their lands placed under military occupation pending an increase of relations and better governance. Expands in the north by 20 pixels. The issues with the pirates begins to come to the attention of the colonial government, and steps are taken in order to cut down on piracy, including increased patrols. Increasing bureaucracy in the colonies is careful to facilitate cordial relations between the natives and colonists. Economic growth, particularly in Antillia, drive the colonization process further. Cooperation with the natives increases to further protect the mainland colonies, while better fortifications and shipyards are constructed in order to better protect the colonies.
    • Egypt: Egypt begins to recover from the war. With almost all of the Muslim inhabited lands of the state stripped from it, Egypt is now mostly Christian, although the rights of the Muslims remaining are not infringed upon. Food begins to be grown again, and this helps the population recover from ages of war. The Roman military garrison largely maintains order, while a 25,000 man Egyptian force is trained to help protect the nation and the canal. The Grigius family returns from Greece to rule over Egypt once again, and they are met with some enthusiasm. The previous royal family is deposed from ruling but they are not harmed and are allowed to maintain their nobility, as relatives to the current king. Other nobles who were loyal keep their nobility, and commoners who remained loyal to Rome are given nobility and automatic citizenship. As the population continues to grow, it centers around the cities of Alexandria, Damietta, Luxor, and the newly refounded Berenice. Alexandria becomes a shining city on the banks of the sea and the Nile, and it is widely admired. Berenice is growing well, and the trade from India and China makes the city expand much more quickly. Large ships are sent around the Cape of Africa to serve as trade ships at Berenice. The population still remains mostly agricultural at this time. The revolt of the border town is easily put down by the military occupation force, but the lesson of the revolt is not lost on the Occupation Force and most of the Imperial government. Steps are taken to prevent or otherwise cut off revolts when they start, and as such some of the cultural laws and ideas initiated in the previous period of Roman rule are to be restored, with the rest restored over time. With the problems of the canal, the Roman military occupation and the native Egyptian military set up patrols along sections of the canal to ensure that raids are not too damaging. At the same time, the military tries to pinpoint the origins of these raids and take them out at the root. Military and economic growth and stability is the next major project for the Egyptian government. Egyptian officers are trained at military academies in Roman cities such as Constantinople, Adrianople and Sparta while Egyptian merchants are invested in and trained by Roman merchants. By now, most of the institutions of the Egyptian state have been rebuilt to some degree and are firmly integrated with their Roman counterparts.
    • Georgia: The Roman military occupation is largely frowned upon by the locals. However, the locals do approve of some aspects. They do approve of Roman occupation rather than Damascan occupation, and the fact that the Bagrationi Dynasty still rules earns some decent respect for Roman authority. Roman authorities work with the Bagrationi Dynasty to help bring improvements to the region and its people. Infrastructure is repaired from the war and new roads and buildings are constructed to benefit both the occupation and the native people. To help earn the loyalty of the native population, the Laz people, related to the Georgians themselves, are persuaded to gradually move from their homeland in northern Anatolia to join their brothers in Georgia. The existing Georgian navy is enrolled into the Imperial Navy while new Georgian merchants and military officers are enrolled in education programs to better integrate them with existing Imperial systems.
    • Armenia: The country of Armenia faces a bit of a problem. The Roman occupation force, as a general precaution, did not allow the Bragationi family remain in control of both Armenia and Georgia. As such, the need for a royal was the first challenge to be addressed. After much consideration in the Imperial court of Constantinople, it is decided that the Lusignan Dynasty of former Cyprus and Armenian Cicilia will take the throne, as some yet still live in Constantinople and have displayed considerable loyalty to the Empire a few decades after the fall of Cyprus. The new dynasty is enthroned on New Years Day, and the new king and the Roman occupation force begin eagerly in making Armenia a safe and prosperous place. Merchants and military officers are trained in ways similar to their Georgian counterparts, while border posts are constructed along the southern border with the Damascan Sultanate. In contrast with the Georgians, the Armenians are relatively glad to have Roman rule, as the Damascans directly invaded Armenia and threatened the populace.
    • Swiss Confederacy: We begin improving the roads of our nation, and request to establish trade with other nations in Europe.
    • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1694, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz, Landshut continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Dominic I, aged 35, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Rome, and Bohemia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In domestic news, King Franz-Dominic continues attempting to propagate the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 50% of Bavaro-German secondary speakers in Franken-Sachsen, and uptick of 35% of primary speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 5000 remaining in Saxony, and 5000 in Thuringia. With the Bohemian revolt, Leopold orders that several infrastructure projects be started in Brandenburg and Pomerania instead of Bohemia. The 5000 troops in Bohemia are split and diverted to Osterreich and Brandenburg/Pomerania. 2500 arrive in Osterreich, while 1000 and 1500 arrive in Brandenburg and Pomerania, respectively. The King sends financial and food aid to Austria, and announces that the Bavarian crown will pay for 35% of all infrastructural renovations in Austria, Brandenburg, Pomerania. In royal news, the King's children are: Maria (born 1684). In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In social and political news, the actions of the Bavarian crown in dealing with Austria, Brandenburg, and Pomerania have become widely known and popular. Several scholars at the Isabell University in Munich have labelled the relief efforts as a Restoration. Soon, many people refer to the massive tax cuts, infrastructural reconstructions, and general aid as Restoration. When dealing with the south, many in Bavaria label the restoration as Austrian Reconstruction. Army reforms continue, making substantial progress in modernizing the standing forces, in part by sweeping away feudal levies. In political news, Franz-Dominic I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In cultural news, Wolfgang Diefenbach establishes himself as a prominent European scientist, and immediately sets up a proto-salon in Berlin. In political news, several parliamentary factions spring up in the Curia Bavaria. Several factions are opposed to both the existence of the Curia Austria as well as the latter's call for a larger, country-wide parliament. In other news, Karl, Franz-Dominic's brother, finally has a child, who he names Albert.
      • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law.
      • Grand Duchy of Franken-Sachsen: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I, aged 35, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Leopold normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion.
      • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
      • Duchy of Neustadt: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The ports of Fehmarn are expanded and several ships are constructed.
      • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
      • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Osterreich (Austria) in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. King Leopold orders that 5000 troops be sent to Austria to standby. Food and financial aid is sent to Austria, primarily to Vienna and surrounding cities. Furthermore, Leopold sends messengers to Vienna officials noting that the Bavarian crown will be paying for 50% of all Vienna-based infrastructure projects. He also notes that the taxes of the Austrian populace will be moderately lowered, lower than pre-war levels, in the face of the devastation of the war. He also announces aid will be increased over the next few years. In early 1667, an Austrian scholar and merchant, named Karl Manzkari, establishes a trade outpost in Vienna. Initially attracting local merchants, it soon amasses a large array of traders, mostly from northern Austria. In 1668, Karl Manzkari establishes a much smaller outpost in another section of Vienna, hoping to attract more business. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for King Leopold II.
      • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 186 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is tentatively popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separte legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue to be constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria, and perhaps a large legislature servicing all Bavarian realms, one which would be an Upper house while the Curia Bavaria and Curia Austria would be regional lower houses.
      • Margraviate of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Margrave Albert II, age 34, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Brandenburg in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Albert orders that several infrastructure commissions are created in order to repair the extreme damage to Brandenburg after the war. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Brandenburg. Wolfgang Diefenbach's first scientific meeting in Berlin is successful. The first scientific meeting will occur in 1675. Young Albert is married off to Maria von Hamburg. Margrave Albert II has two children, Karolina (born 1679), and Albert (born 1683). Albert II and Maria have a child this year, who they name Albert.
      • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Ballard, age 54, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Pomerania in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Franz-Ballard orders that several repairs commence on the several ports in Pomerania, including heavy repairs on the main ports. This is done to revitalize trade, commerce and transport as soon as possible. Later on, Leopold and Franz-Ballard plan on touring Pomerania in order to make it known that he holds no ill will for any Pomeranian. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Pomerania. Mary of Pomerania is married to Henry von Hamburg in a matrilineal match, so children would be under the Wittelsbach dynasty. Franz-Ballard, knowing he is unable to produce children, and does not care much for another marriage, declares Mary to be his heir. Princess Mary and Henry von Hamburg have a daughter in 1687, who they name Margaret. Princess Mary has a son this year, who she names Franz-Heinrich.
      • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, and Berlin. Adalbert Völcher, Edmund von Rot-Pferd, and Markus-Paul Ehrbach are among the most prominent merchants and leaders in the RBSC.
      • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
      • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The military expands this year as military forts undergo renovations this year, some of them in states of disrepair, especially in northern Sweden and Norway. With the renovations come new ships; a new frigate is rolled out of the shipyards this year. In other news, the last known dodo, which has been a pet of the royal family, passes away. With the death of this dodo, this species of flightless birds is now extinct. King Kristoffer II mourns the loss of 'such a captivating family of birds'. Public education in Scandinavia continues to become more and more commonplace as reforms sweep through urban areas. The literacy rate in Scandinavia is at the 47% mark. The population begins to experience a massive swell this year, bringing Scandinavia's population to the seven million mark.
    • Helluland: The military is established.
    • Huronsmark: The military is improved.
    • Iceland: The military is improved.
    • Jansylvania: The military is expanded.
    • Karelia: The military expands.
    • New Gotland: The military expands.
    • Schleswig: The military is expanded.
    • Sjösmark: The military is expanded.
    • Strombek: The military is expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km.
    • Vinland: The military is expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km.
  • Ming China: The Chinese continue to expand their economy and military.
  • Ayutthaya: We continue our influencing of the controlled regions of Laos and Cambodia and we expand our military bases in the area. We do all we can to remove non-thai ethnecities from the regions and build a large population of Thai people. Roads are expanded linking the new regions and particuarly to our gunpowder producing regions. The roads connecting Lower Dawei with Ayutthaya have been expanded again and many towns and smaller cities start thriving on the busy roads. Military expansion continues on the Ayutthayan Nicobar and we also increase our navy research in an effort to keep up to date. We continue building our relations with Lanka, the Dutch, Japan and Hispania and we also try to increase our trade. Smaller logging camps are made in Lanna where there is an abundance of forest which needs clearing for an expanding population. We also hope that the cleared land will help us produce more farming land. Ayutthaya wishes to see economic growth after having the war with Laos and Cambodia and we continue to try to rebuild our economy. As a result of the war, our post-war industry and military has slightly improved and we now see a majority of units using European based weaponry and about a third now use rifles.
  • The Kiatagmiut Band continues to have greater exposure to Eastern customs and iron-working and metallurgy, all due to the Nivkh Band. Domestication efforts continue, as does trade by qayaq. Nivkh sailors continue to help the Band in the improvement of our qayaqs. The rollout of the written language continues to be emphasized by the High Shaman and other shamans throughout the nation. This year, expansion begins to take place on the island of Nuniwar. As Kiatagmiut settlers arrive to an uninhabited region of the island, they notice that all of the large trees are largely stripped of their bark. For this reason, the village is deemed Napapellur, meaning "tree bark."
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: Modernization continues, with numerous European immigrants accelerating technological advancements. Much of the upper class now speaks French in addition to Cree, and interest in French culture and food grows. Meanwhile, farmers in northern areas finish domesticating captured musk oxen, in order to replace cattle, which generally die in huge numbers every winter. Nomadic herding, of reindeer, musk oxen and horses, increases in importance. Tsicha continues to be produced. The addition of certain herbs gives it hallucinogenic properties, making it far more popular than previously. The military grows, especially the navy. Cavalry increases in importance, while the navy and merchant marine reach a far larger size and efficiency from years of purchase, both from France and on the black market. Nehilaw traders plan a massive voyage to reach Europe for the first time, but this will probably not occur for some time, due to the logistics. Fishing continues to expand its importance to the Nehilaw economy, especially the massive cod fisheries off Newfoundland. Fishermen there come into contact with Croatian settlers, to general surprise. Fishermen build a seasonal fishing camp on the island of Igulik (OTL Belle Isle). Several fishermen stay over the winter this year. Musk oxen are transported to the island to sustain them, and soon multiply.
    • Chippewa: The economy improves while numerous Crees immigrate.
    • Mackinac: The economy improves.
    • Odawa: The economy improves.
    • Chisasibi: The economy improves.
    • North Ojibwe: The economy improves.
    • Nipissing: The economy improves.


  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. Knyaz-Namestnik Fredrik Hohenzollern is named the eventual "Acting Sovereign" by a decision after this year's Grand Summit, when they decided who would take oin the Responsibilities of the 68-year old Supreme Duchess in the eventual case of her demise. Another thing that came out of this year's Summit is the plan for a connected network of roads to increase communication between all the UK republics. The first steps to build a united road network is begun "To rival that of ancient Rome" at the City of Narva, where the first cobble roads are laid out, and construction begins to connect Pskov, Taalinn, and Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve. This is especially important because the city lies at the border, and the decision to start there only shows co-operations between all states involved. In any case, the situation in Danzig calms a bit. However, tensions remain high. The PIC goes to France to try to purchase the Caroline Islands, the southern of which they were already de facto administering anyway. In any case, Pskovian military and Navy get a slight boost due to the Economic growth occuring. Cash crops in the Americas such as cotton farmed in the Bahamas and Sugar and the like farmed in the Leeward Islands are big commodities in Europe and bring the PIC, and therefore Pskov, profit. Gold is also being mined in Zlatobrezhie which brings profit. Meanwhile, there, many administrators are now local, and Pskov are simply now the higher-ranking officials, already infiltrating the language and high culture, with many wealthy Zlatobrezhians gaining and education in the University of Pskov. The first Academy is opened in Zlatobrezhie, run by the church, and as missionaries continue the work of thse sent before them, stuff happens, and Christianity grows. In any case, some traders set up shop in Senegal for the first time. The Pskovians manage to procure a trade deal with the local governement, and the PIC opens its first branch in the Senegalese capital. From there, they plan on discovering every resource exploitable, this multinational corporations will not elave a single source of income for Pskov untapped. The first meetings with the Etat de Danzig and Croatia to settle the Danzig issue are scheduled for next year. The Events in the Neighbouring Russian states are watched with great intrigue, and a decision is made by the New Veche in a secret session to fund dissent amongst Russians against the tsar, and arm possible "republican" rebels in Novgorod. Much of the support comes from descendants of the Republicans in the Novgorod civil war that fled to Pskov once the civil war in Novgorod was over. Covert agents are sent into Novgorod and some into Moscow to incite crowds against the Tsar. The Events in the Imperial Sea are viewed with much caution, as the PIC debates what to do, In the end, the decision is made to continue trading with everyone, and to pose a position of "armed neutrality" in the conflict. This position is adopted by many members of the Veche, and an act is passed declaring a state of "Readily Armed Neutrality" in the Americas, taking no position, and not firing unless fired upon, and continue to trade regardless of the actions of the parties. In this year's grand summit, the issue of international unity begins to be discussed, To better show unity, a decision is made, and next year it will be executed ...
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti reacts with indifference to the tensions building up in Danzig. "It's not really our problem, let the United Republic deal with it" is the general sentiment to people that either know about it, or are peripherally involved, like the Riigikogu. In any case the military is upgraded with flintlocks and whatnot. The Peaminister of Eesti agrees to meet in Riga, and attends what he dubbed the "Grand Summit".
    • In Latvia, economic dev happens as farming methods are improved, and Pskovina merchants invest in possible future profits. The President of the Seima attends the Grand Summit.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff, the Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit.
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP, and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care of the fate of the "lesser" nobility). In any case, the Prussian army waits at the gates of Danzig, hoping to gain access to the city. However, the French do not let them in, and refuse to give taxes, as Danzig belonging to France is not official in any treaty, but rather de facto. This is due to the change in administration, and the public outcry by the new leader of the Bundestag. In any case, this might actually harm some people, so many Prussians living in cities watch the situation with great care ... or at least try to in the era of information traveling very slowly. The Chancellor attends the Grand Summit.

1695

PM3 1695
In Rome, Pope Telesphorus IV dies, and in the subsequent conclave, the Venetian Giovanni Dolfin is elected Pope, taking the Papal name of Celestine X.

A Spanish Military fleet mistaken by pirates as a treasure fleet is attacked by the most organized group of pirates yet, but are able to rally and destroy five pirate ships and capture a high level captain. This is revealed as a double ambush where the Pirates were baited by the Spanish Colonial government in Cuba to attack the fleet only to get ambushed themselves.

The tense issues related to the Hispano-Japanese Trade war settle down after the Emperor of Spain himself sends a letter to the Japanese Emperor apologizing for the actions of the late ambassador. Along side this the Emperor provided five extremely well trained and fine hunting dogs to the late emperor as a sign of personal friendship between the two emperors.

A large group of African tribesman raid both the French colony in Africa as well as Ionte looking for riches, The raids go as far up as Kongo too but are stopped when Kongolese forces kill the tribal leader.

A French writer, Jean Baptiste De Germain, publishes a tragicomedy entitled Tartempoin, about a Frenchman and his Spanish fiancé. He was forced to sink the ship her father sailed on while traveling the Imperial Seas, while she was seemingly forced to either kill him and avenging her father or to live as the wife of the man who killed her father. (Obvious reference to Pierre Corneille's Le Cid)

  • Empire of Japan (Personal Union With Manchuria): The military/economy is built up. A Japanese colonialist named Yokohama comes to the court of the Emperor Yoshi II. He is tried for disloyalty to the emperor and not worshiping Shinto. He dies after a long, painful, tortuous death. The minorities, as well as unhappy colonists and non-Shinto followers, launch a military coup on the capital. The emperor, a follower of the samurai, had lost a fight with another person. This meant to Yoshi II to commit suicide in a ritual, surrounded by many loyalists. However, as he died without an heir, someone had to become the new one. After some more fighting, the opposition wins and transforms Japan into a monarchal empire, with Yokohama's son Yokohama II, as emperor. However, Due to recent reports that the economy is falling, Emperor Yokohama II is poisoned by bad wine, brought from Spanish merchants. His son, Horiyōshi Yokohama III, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarchs rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised upon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. We thank Hispania for their apology to Japan, and hopes for a bright future ahead between the two nations. Troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • Ainu (Vassal of Japan): The economy is improved. Trade ships are starting to be built, so the Ainu can trade more with Japan and their companions. Troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • Japanese Manchuria (Colony of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of nine larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs. Troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • Formosa (Vassal of Japan): Economy is improved. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan. Troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • North Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to North Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
    • South Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to South Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
  • Manchu Empire (Personal Union With Japan): With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Horiyōshi Yokohama III succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy, therefore importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchase battleships from Japan. Emperor Yokohama III, keeping in mind the Manchu desire to unite Manchuria and punish Ming for the attack upon the Manchu in 1538, we prepare siege artillery and launch an attack upon the Ming[Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Hailar Khaganate: With the defeat of the guerrilla forces in Hailar, Manchu control over the state was set up. The Emperor Qing Fúlín Shùnzhì, appointed Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon as the Governor of the state who in turn introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Mangut Nivkh Tribes. War is declared upon Ming and they are invaded. [Mil/Eco Turn]
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz.
  • Wu China: Military improves as we prepare for another military campaign in Southern China. Renovation to the capital takes place and more ships are built. We start to gain more trade money as the Spanish city, Shanghai, brings it in.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland through the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Empire continues starting to prepare for another invasion in Cahokie region and Baie d'etoiles as Bayougoulaa has been named (after the king decided it fit his desire) begins to be heavily populated by French, mostly farmers and fur traders, for now small cotton productions continue popping out and growing as well as tobacco plantations in the area of OTL St Francisville called St Louis de Rouge. The colony is divided in three districts, Cahokienne districts (the thin continuous line up north) The Baie d'etoiles district (OTL Bayogoulaa). After several years of relative peace the French Empire prepares for a new war: the invasion of the Nehilaw, the country is fastly mobilized and the navy is prepared to deploy 150,000 soldiers from Europe to meet up with colonial forces (125,000 from Nouvelle Orleans (Colombia), 25,000 from Chateau d'or (French Central America) 20,000 from Jamaica and 30,000 from Rouenelle (Louisiana). We condemn the Invasion of Hesse but desire to remain neutral on the subject for the time, we offer the Westphalian monarchs to take refuge in the kingdom of Rhineland 50,000 mercenaries are sent to the Brussels government as the king sees the change of strengthening the relationship with the Dutch by helping the rebels from Brussels. However, this contingent is unofficial and not much news is spread of this through the empire. The Annexation of Neu Franken is made official under the Name of Nouvelle Artois and the Zollern Islands Renamed Illes Carolinnes. The French began building up their defenses along the river and troops began moving en masse to the Regions of Nouvelle Artois and Rouenelle. The nation is outraged by the Breton assassination, However, the king decides to await for a more favorable time to punish the Breton Killing, The king, however, warns the Bretons and States clearly, "Any further damage to a French citizen in their territory or piracy or any sort of attempted attack at the Kingdom's subjects will be viewed as a war declaration and the rather view towards the Breton that France has kept will change rather quick. Blockades to Breton traders begins in the territories of the French Empire.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The French influx in the southern areas caused by over population of the northern areas of the country (mostly around the capital, Rouen and Nantes) a few regions begin to officially allow French as co-official language while others are still deeply Germanic. While this, throughout the entire country deep cultural change undergoes as the country feels different from the French nations, however, no longer sees itself as a nation under the HRE German influence and has lost respect at their failure to protect them.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.The war troops return as the war ends later on the year. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Uprisings begin in Sardinia for further freedom and desire of independence from the French monarchy and the African Kingdom. However, for the time being African peoples influx continue entering the country. The war ends by the end of the year.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The local language in Africa continues growing as most of the population (83% of 1.53 million) the rest speaking some Germanic languages (mostly from Rhenish settlers) with 8%, Arabic with 4% and Sardo-African with 5%.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue to be built to outlying villages and plantations continue to be built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, the establishment of the City as a Vassal of France after the occupation of the city since 1655.
    • Cahokie: The country receives huge numbers of French settlers slowly displacing the local tribes fleeing to other tribal kingdoms in the region. Christianization begins. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. Cedes its southern portion of territory to the colony of Rouenelle. The Western Half of Chahta and Chickasha are annexed by the kingdom, while the rest is rewarded to the Colony of Rouenelle
  • |onte: Population grows by 50,000 people. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX, interested in the formalism of European laws and nation starts thinking of ways to consolidate |onte, such as a flag, motto, coat of arms, capital, etc. A regimentation of the "gift-based" economy has been noticed by scholars. Though transactions do not occur, per se, it is considered very rude not to reciprocate a gift. However, they need not be of equal value. The knowledge and education in Kunene spread on a slight scale, as authors, story tellers, philosophers and other intelligentsia leave their work out to gain recognition, often taken home by farmers from the countryside, the farmers, who grow far more than they will need, leave their rice in the grain storage. A trend has appeared for women to cover their breasts. However, the trend is mostly confined to Kunene. Mon XI sends his 200,000-strong Eheresito hu |onte to begin mining for diamonds that were recently encountered, greatly boosting the economy, allowing for food imports and the buying of ships. |onte's navy reaches a large size after many years of buying from France.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. A few Shinto missionaries from Jejudo help out Japan in Vietnam to bring Shinto there.
  • Ayutthaya: We continue our influencing of the controlled regions of Laos and Cambodia and we expand our military bases in the area. We do all we can to remove non-thai ethnecities from the regions and build a large population of Thai people. Roads are expanded linking the new regions and particuarly to our gunpowder producing regions. The roads connecting Lower Dawei with Ayutthaya have been expanded again and many towns and smaller cities start thriving on the busy roads. Military expansion continues on the Ayutthayan Nicobar and we also increase our navy research in an effort to keep up to date. We continue building our relations with Lanka, the Dutch, Japan and Hispania and we also try to increase our trade. Smaller logging camps are made in Lanna where there is an abundance of forest which needs clearing for an expanding population. We also hope that the cleared land will help us produce more farming land. Ayutthaya wishes to see economic growth after having the war with Laos and Cambodia and we continue to try to rebuild our economy. As a result of the war, our post-war industry and military has slightly improved and we now see a majority of units using European based weaponry and about a third now use rifles. After negotians with Manchuria and our connection between the Japanese Empire, we establish trade relations. (Confirmed on Chat).
  • The Kiatagmiut Band is shocked to hear devastating news from the island of Nuniwar of brutal attacks carried out by a sole polar bear (arlunar) upon Kiatagmiut settlers from the village of Napapellur. While the Band has had some experience before with polar bears, this comes as a surprise because never before has a polar bear ventured so far south in recent recollected history. The tragedy, which resulted in the deaths of at least 30 men, women, and children, is recorded in writing by Makpigat, a shaman learned in the Yugtun script devised by the High Shaman and I'mlos'taga'in, upon a sheet of thinly-sliced and dried walrus hide. Meanwhile, the trade outposts at Gidighuyghatno’ Xidochagg Qay’, Agdaaĝux̂, and Taxtamax̂ all prosper while fish, berry, and walrus domestication continue. Trade with Mangut Nivkhgu continues, as does the improvement of the Band's ironworking and mining abilities. The decadal council of Yup'ik and Dena'ina chiefs is held this year, as well, in Mamterilleq.
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: Modernization continues, with numerous European immigrants accelerating technological advancements. Much of the upper class now speaks French in addition to Cree, and interest in French culture and food grows. Meanwhile, farmers in northern areas finish domesticating captured musk oxen, in order to replace cattle, which generally die in huge numbers every winter. Nomadic herding, of reindeer, musk oxen and horses, increases in importance. Tsicha continues to be produced. The addition of certain herbs gives it hallucinogenic properties, making it far more popular than previously. The military grows, especially the navy. Cavalry increases in importance, while the navy and merchant marine reach a far larger size and efficiency from years of purchase, both from France and on the black market. Nehilaw traders plan a massive voyage to reach Europe for the first time, but this will probably not occur for some time, due to the logistics. Fishing continues to expand its importance to the Nehilaw economy, especially the massive cod fisheries off Newfoundland. Fishermen there come into contact with Croatian settlers, to general surprise. Fishermen build a seasonal fishing camp on the island of Igulik (OTL Belle Isle). Several fishermen stay over the winter this year. Musk oxen are transported to the island to sustain them, and soon multiply.
    • Chippewa: The economy improves while numerous Crees immigrate.
    • Mackinac: The economy improves.
    • Odawa: The economy improves.
    • Chisasibi: The economy improves.
    • North Ojibwe: The economy improves.
    • Nipissing: The economy improves.
  • Grand Croatian Bajanate (Veliki Hrvatski Bajanat): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Bajanate. With growing Ragusan influence, and the begining of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory.
    • ​Banate of Croatia: Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined.
    • Polish Banate (Poljski Banat): The Polish Banate grows relatively independently, although a part of the Bajanate, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Ban is elected by it while the Bajan only confirms him.
    • Czech Banate (Češki Banat): The Banate recovers from the Idiocracy's rule and many nobles gain more power in the nation.
    • Podbanate of Silesia (Šlezijski Podbanat): The Podbanate's natural resources are highly sought in the rest of the Bajanate which leads to economic growth.
    • Podbanate of Dahomej (Podbanat Dahomej): The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Podbanate of Carantania (Podbanat Karantanska): Croatization continues, starting with removing any pro-Austrian threats. The idea that Carantania is Slavic since the Carantanian Slavic tribe settled there spreads and is used to bring the Podbanate closer to the Banate.
    • Isles of the Grand Bajanate: The infrastructure is built up.
    • Carantanian Island (Karantanski Otok): The colony expands by 750 sq km.
  • Hispania: The Kingdom of Spain itself begins to see a small demographical decline as the immigration to colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise. The Spanish nobility even sees a large sort of Decline as many of the younger sons and daughters go to the Spanish colonies as the example has been set by the Royal Familiy. The Commercial reforms for the empire reach completion with a notable increase in the economy as a result. Cape Ferdinand gains further investment as gold, and other raw materials have been discovered of worth within the previously port/trade oriented colony. The royal government continues to develop plans for the eventual reconquest of Hawaii. The Hispanian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more Third rates, and fourth Rates with the occasional Second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets. The Hispanian fleet triumphs over Japan and secures her trade routes. The Empire begins to influence Vorlayacor (Turn Two of Three) using dominant trading power and a near monopoly of Spanish trade to permeate the nation with Spanish influence The Hispanian military begins major reforms using its major surplus in budget to form multiple new armies. The First army is just a reformed domestic force to be based in Spain of almost 40,000 (not all of which is constantly mobilized). The Second is an expansion of the italian force to nearly 25,000 and being renamed to the the Army of Italy. The final force is a force of 10,000 loyal Spaniards in North Africa, forming the Army of North Africa.
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army is drawn back to 40,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire or are Spanish cultured. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. Italy continues its economic buildup become a large part of the Spanish economy. The Italians show some minor unrest under the Spanish but the growing Hispanicized populace in Southern Italy is beginning to overtake various cultures within the southern territories. Some cultures such as Sicilian one of the most dominant in Southern Italy have become a closely tied culture with Spanish with a common "Hispanian" Culture beginning to develop in the Historic Kingdom of Naples area as well as farther within Italy now as well.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a  fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The Kingdom of Lombardy continues its development of its armed forces, being aided by a domestic arms industry. The Economy of the kingdom officially becomes fully tied with the empire. The Navy of the kingdom is minor standing at 25 ships. The Military stands at 25,000. Hispanization of Lombardy continues.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavily under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses. The population of Morocco is at an estimated 2.5 million with many being of mixed race or Spanish origin. The Moroccan culture, however, is wholly Spanish. The Moroccan nation sees some emigration from the nation to Spanish colonies but sees no real drain as many of them are Berbers or Mestizos looking for work other than farm work in Morocco.
    • Kingdom of Algiers: With the conquest of Algiers the Moroccan state continues to occupy and pacify Algiers flooding it with new Spaniards as nobles. The Imperial system is established in Algiers and a local force of about 2000 is established and run purely by the Spanish. The economy is obviously weak but begins to be recovered due to inclusion into the Spanish system. The Kingdom of Algiers is established and many Muslim fighters and their families are exiled into the deserts with the government unwilling to deal with the ultra-orthodox or radical Muslims. The Algerian kingdom begins using low class Muslim labor to begin working on canals much like Morocco. With recent history in Morocco many Algerians simply emigrate from the area to avoid wholesale slaughter or forced slave labor. Along with this many begin to convert as Christianity takes dominant presence due to a large Spanish settler class in Algiers of nearly 30,000.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Spain's massive West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Spain and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about two million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had. The Spanish settlers in the Kongo only number about 2000.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.5 million with many living within the Cuba island territory. Morelia officially finishes its expansion having nowhere else to go. Its armed forces reach force of about 5000 Colonial Spaniards supplied by the Spanish from home.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand. The mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha - a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha drops to barely six million as the disease has ravaged the massive nearly untouched indian community in the western states. This has a massive impact as the vulnerability of the natives is considered a breaking point for the Spanish attempts to recruit them for a labor force.
    • Zapoteca: The Protectorate of Zapoteca after years of expanding begins the major integration of the new territories looking to integrate them fully. With a population of about four million Zapoteca re-arms its military into a force of about 40,000. Zapoteca also begins to consider Redistricting with more authority over Tenocha being granted while Itzapam is ceded to Morealia. The Zapotecan fleet is expanded further and a coastal highway is built up and connected with roads in Tenocha. Zapoteca boasts a large Mestizo population but also maintains a moderately sized New World born Spanish population which administrates a good amount of the Zapotecan territories
    • Mission of New Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the unorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the unorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezian military is Raised to nearly 25,000 from its new Italian territories and exiles all Germans/Austrians from the territory only leaving Italians and Hispanians (Hispanicized Italians) Venezia continues its integration of the new territory. Venezia continues on a massive path toward hispanicization.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 75,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy - in order to expand the food supply of the large colony - expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. New Spain reaches a population of nearly 4.3 million and growing through immigration and domestic growth as well as inclusion of hispanicized natives and unhispanicized natives. The Viceroyalty with full authority of the Emperor issues a series of land grants to respectable people along the Interior territories and along the West Coast of the continent throughout Chile, this puts the Mapuche and Chilean territories officially under control of New Spain. With this inclusion the vast new tracts of territory begin to be settled further to expand existing internal cities. Along with this the attractiveness of Cash cropping leads many to take out loans from the Royal Bank in New Spain which begins the development of further cash croppingsuch as cotton, yerba mate, wheat, barley, grapes, and a host of other cash crops keeping the crops on a rotationary cycle in order to keep prices in a fluctuation over the years and for field rejuvenation. The Settlement of the interior of New Spain continues with a notable city of Russian foundings becoming one of the most prominent interior cities. The City of Riograd is formed along the River Plata much further up the river than usual.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand rises to 120,000 colonists as many new settlers arrive due to the investment. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 75 px. Settlers along the Orange River begin an ambitious irrigation project. The Orange River settlers begin to mine diamonds.
    • Viceroyalty of New Granada: The Viceroyalty of New Granada sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 100 px. The colony's population expands to around 410,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the city of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 35,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco City. New Granada begins seeing some native resistance but forces many out in favor of settlers, Some native groups, however, seem rather keen on assimilation with the Spaniards adopting Spanish culture, Spanish language, and in some cases marrying Spanish men, and working for Spanish people. With life on the frontier rather hard, the Spaniards have great welcome for cheaper workers who are willing to adopt all aspects of Spanish culture. Taking a cue from the conquests of territory in New Spain by the natives, the Colonial forces here use a divide and conquer strategy pitting some native tribes against each other and then eliminating the survivors. New Granada with its various mountains and with some territory in the valley secured, begins to implement the learned inca method of terrace farming which is standard even in Spain at this point. The farming in general begins to show promise as surplus yields begins to show. The Forests in the area begin to be cut for ship building which quickly picks up as various Spanish trade companies and even the highly militarized Spanish Asian companies begins picking up on these developing the local economy into something impressive. Various cash crops also begin to be grown - most particularly cotton and now Grapes as well as the hybrid grape is bred and planted.
    • Philippines:Spain continues to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. Investment from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Philippines officially becomes the hub of the Spanish military in Asia. 2500 troops from the Philippines (most of them Spanish) are deployed to Burma to crush the revolt. Talks of turning the Philippines into a Crown Viceroyalty go underway. The Philippines shows notable Spanish settlement with nearly 3000 Spaniards living on the islands, mostly in Manila.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy. The protectorate of Oyo expands its armed forces to nearly 20,000 all made up of some of the minorities in the area and led by Spanish officers. A large community of Spaniards begins to develop on in the protectorate with about 3000 people between Spaniards, and Hispanicized Italians living along the coast.
    • East African Protectorates: The military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe. The potential division of the EAP is proposed with Madagasikara, Maputo, and Mozambika becoming three separate entities within the Empire. This decision shows a great deal of support as the decentralized nature of the current governmental force has become a major issue in dealing with the three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port. The company navy along with Madras maintains nearly 70 ships for personal use 20 of these being top-of-the-line warships. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambhat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 150,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Greater Cochin: The Protectorate of Greater Cochin is formed following the revolt of the noble and with this the nobility more or less are forced to give up their titles. They are all more or less replaced with a Spanish aristocracy which now run the country. With this the unification of Dawei and Shan under Cochin the new state begins an aggressive integrationist policy. The Sepoya troops in Cochin are expanded to nearly 8000 and the economic policies are used to increase the productivity of the territory. The Greater Cochin area now houses nearly 1000 Spanish marines now using it as a major base of operations in the region.
    • Shanghai: The city of Shanghai - due to its presence on the mainland of China proper - becomes a massive economic and trade port for the empire only just a few years but with direct access to Chinese goods coveted by Europe a huge volume of trade ships numbering in the hundreds flood the port purchasing the goods and transporting them across the Pacific via Spain global trade route. Shanghai hears of the first potential immunization for smallpox via Chinese texts and begins looking into it. The Sepoya troops of Shanghai are officially drawn down to about 5000 for the time being with it being split with a Japanese force and a Shanghaian Force of about 2500 apiece both led by Spanish officers and troops. Shanghai is named the headquarters of the overseas South China Sea Company and manages to secure 500 elite Spaniard troops to guard the interest in China. The newly built trade port of Heian is put under Shanghai's operational umbrella on the island of Hainan.
    • Qingdao: Qingdao - due to further distance - is set up as another South China Sea Company ruled territory and the good from the area are used to attract traders here as well. This is done to prevent the city of Shanghai being the only major Spanish Chinese port. The company invests into a force of about 1000 to hold the city and now about 30 top-of-the-line ships.
    • New Aragon: New Aragon is officially established as an independent viceroyalty with the discovery of another organized state in Australia with plans to begin expansion around 1700. The Areas shows a large influx of Spanish military settlers looking to keep any hostility down on the continent of Australia. The Force here is at about 300 with a grand total population of about 2000. The emerging importance of this territory becomes increasingly important as New Aragon is given ten top-of-the-line ships, and about 500 marines to keep the area a major territory of Spanish influence. New Aragon begins considering the opening up of a new Colony on the now named Continent of Australia.
  • The Cherokee Nation: builds up its military in preparation for the war against the Creek. General Galegenoh builds up his invasion force to attack the north of the Creek Mvskoke Etvlwv nation. The General and Prince Sequoyah hear back from their Roman allies late on in the year and the invasion is all set to start. The invasion of the Creek starts and Cherokee invasion forces pour into the Mvskoke Etvlwv nation, with plans to meet up with the Roman armies as the two forces move to pacify the eastern Creek territory. Elsewhere, Prince Waya continues his plot to become the King of the Shawana, after his second son Gawonii is born. With this news the King of the Shawana begins his journey south to visit his grandchildren, and the Cherokee plan to kill off the King.
    • Cherokee Diplomacy: The Cherokee war leaders ask for Roman help in making the algorithm for the war. They point them in the direction of the talk page, asking assistance so that the Cherokee can learn from the Romans how to make an algorithm.
  • Ming China: The Chinese continue to expand their economy and military.
  • Peruvian Confederation: Within the  Inca Empire proper, the military, economy and navy are improved. Cava dies at the age of 65. her eldest son takes the throne. He, like his mother, places himself on the throne of both Tawatinsuyu and Chiribaya. Population of the Empire stands at 6,000,000, with the largest city being Cuzco (170,000), then Peru (80,000), Machu Picchu (65,000), Chimu (50,000) Sican (30,000) and New Burgundy (25,000). Cava also creates the Peruvian Confederation, modeled after the Spanish confederation, it consists of Peru and her vassals.Huascar takes the throne. Her other children include Huascar's brother, Maitia (27), and his sister, Ka-Atta-Killia. (20) Reconstuction of Huari continues. A novel called , The Children of the Mountains , is published in the Inca Empire. The Novel details a history where Cuzco is destroyed by Spanish Conquerors and what remains of the Inca live within the mountains, fighting against the Spanish conquistadors. The novel is mostly ignored. The Inca ask Spain if it is all right to form the Peruvian Royal Army, which would act as a sperate entinty from the Colonial military.
    • Empire of Chiribaya: With the formation of the Peruvian Confederation and the Elevation of Chiribaya into an empire, a new wave of updates to the military, economy and navy begins. The nation, under Cava's rule, begins to develop laws similar to that of the Inca. An effort to attract immigrants from Tawatinsuyu begins, as the population stands at 1,750,000. Chirbaya Cuzco has a population of 75,000.
    • Empire of Chimor: Military and economy improve. Chan Chan is developed. Population stands at 1,800,000. Chan Chan has a population of 127,000. As the nation ascends to the Empire of Chimor, the Inca encourage the movement of Chimu people (those who remain) back to their homeland.
    • Empire of Collaquimbaya: Expansion ends. Military and economy improve. Population stands at 180,000. The city of Apeac stands at a population of 10,000.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to prosper in this time of peace. The economy continues to grow as the trade networks across the Empire become more solidified and trade networks outside of the Empire continue to expand, particularly in eastern Asia and Borealia. The military and the navy continues to train, practice, and learn new techniques as they are discovered. The military eventually rises to about 200,000 trained soldiers, although not all of those soldiers are on duty all the time for economic concerns. Troops of all ethnicities are trained to keep the army diverse and the ethnic groups unified. The various Archonates continue to be integrated with new infrastructure, new trade connections, and a newly increasing sense of Roman "identity." Some expansionists begin to wonder why Egypt has not yet been added to the Empire as a full Archonate yet, although the Emperor assures them that it will happen. The reign of John IX has been relatively peaceful and prosperous, with minimal incidents. An attempted overthrow happened, but that was short and rapidly crushed by the army. The policy toward the Turks, numbering about two million out of an Empire of 23 million, remains the same, and a few hundred to a thousand Turks are estimated to leave the Empire each year. Cities like Ancyra, Nicaea and Ephesus continue to grow, further fortifying Roman control over western Anatolia. Military outposts along the border with the Damascan Sultanate are constructed and fortified, as the Emperor notices that there are now no buffer states between the two rising powers. Influence in vassal states continues to grow, and the Roman political and economic sphere continues to expand and consolidate its gains. The offer of the Cherokee is accepted, and Cherokee ambassadors are invited to Reme to discuss what they have planned.
    • Reme: The colony continues to prosper from the growth of cash crops and their export. Along with the native issue, some troops and militia as well as allied natives join in the fight to defeat the raiders and conquer their lairs. The native states are defeated and their lands placed under military occupation pending an increase of relations and better governance. Expands in the north by 20 pixels. The issues with the pirates begins to come to the attention of the colonial government, and steps are taken in order to cut down on piracy, including increased patrols. Increasing bureaucracy in the colonies is careful to facilitate cordial relations between the natives and colonists. Economic growth, particularly in Antillia, drive the colonization process further. Cooperation with the natives increases to further protect the mainland colonies, while better fortifications and shipyards are constructed in order to better protect the colonies.
    • Egypt: Egypt begins to recover from the war. With almost all of the Muslim inhabited lands of the state stripped from it, Egypt is now mostly Christian, although the rights of the Muslims remaining are not infringed upon. Food begins to be grown again, and this helps the population recover from ages of war. The Roman military garrison largely maintains order, while a 25,000 man Egyptian force is trained to help protect the nation and the canal. The Grigius family returns from Greece to rule over Egypt once again, and they are met with some enthusiasm. The previous royal family is deposed from ruling but they are not harmed and are allowed to maintain their nobility, as relatives to the current king. Other nobles who were loyal keep their nobility, and commoners who remained loyal to Rome are given nobility and automatic citizenship. As the population continues to grow, it centers around the cities of Alexandria, Damietta, Luxor, and the newly refounded Berenice. Alexandria becomes a shining city on the banks of the sea and the Nile, and it is widely admired. Berenice is growing well, and the trade from India and China makes the city expand much more quickly. Large ships are sent around the Cape of Africa to serve as trade ships at Berenice. The population still remains mostly agricultural at this time. The revolt of the border town is easily put down by the military occupation force, but the lesson of the revolt is not lost on the Occupation Force and most of the Imperial government. Steps are taken to prevent or otherwise cut off revolts when they start, and as such some of the cultural laws and ideas initiated in the previous period of Roman rule are to be restored, with the rest restored over time. With the problems of the canal, the Roman military occupation and the native Egyptian military set up patrols along sections of the canal to ensure that raids are not too damaging. At the same time, the military tries to pinpoint the origins of these raids and take them out at the root. Military and economic growth and stability is the next major project for the Egyptian government. Egyptian officers are trained at military academies in Roman cities such as Constantinople, Adrianople and Sparta while Egyptian merchants are invested in and trained by Roman merchants. By now, most of the institutions of the Egyptian state have been rebuilt to some degree and are firmly integrated with their Roman counterparts.
    • Georgia: The Roman military occupation is largely frowned upon by the locals. However, the locals do approve of some aspects. They do approve of Roman occupation rather than Damascan occupation, and the fact that the Bagrationi Dynasty still rules earns some decent respect for Roman authority. Roman authorities work with the Bagrationi Dynasty to help bring improvements to the region and its people. Infrastructure is repaired from the war and new roads and buildings are constructed to benefit both the occupation and the native people. To help earn the loyalty of the native population, the Laz people, related to the Georgians themselves, are persuaded to gradually move from their homeland in northern Anatolia to join their brothers in Georgia. The existing Georgian navy is enrolled into the Imperial Navy while new Georgian merchants and military officers are enrolled in education programs to better integrate them with existing Imperial systems.
    • Armenia: The country of Armenia faces a bit of a problem. The Roman occupation force, as a general precaution, did not allow the Bragationi family remain in control of both Armenia and Georgia. As such, the need for a royal was the first challenge to be addressed. After much consideration in the Imperial court of Constantinople, it is decided that the Lusignan Dynasty of former Cyprus and Armenian Cicilia will take the throne, as some yet still live in Constantinople and have displayed considerable loyalty to the Empire a few decades after the fall of Cyprus. The new dynasty is enthroned on New Years Day, and the new king and the Roman occupation force begin eagerly in making Armenia a safe and prosperous place. Merchants and military officers are trained in ways similar to their Georgian counterparts, while border posts are constructed along the southern border with the Damascan Sultanate. In contrast with the Georgians, the Armenians are relatively glad to have Roman rule, as the Damascans directly invaded Armenia and threatened the populace.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1695, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz, Landshut continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Dominic I, aged 36, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Rome, and Bohemia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In domestic news, King Franz-Dominic continues attempting to propagate the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 50% of Bavaro-German secondary speakers in Franken-Sachsen, and uptick of 35% of primary speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 5000 remaining in Saxony, and 5000 in Thuringia. With the Bohemian revolt, Leopold orders that several infrastructure projects be started in Brandenburg and Pomerania instead of Bohemia. The 5000 troops in Bohemia are split and diverted to Osterreich and Brandenburg/Pomerania. 2500 arrive in Osterreich, while 1000 and 1500 arrive in Brandenburg and Pomerania, respectively. The King sends financial and food aid to Austria, and announces that the Bavarian crown will pay for 35% of all infrastructural renovations in Austria, Brandenburg, Pomerania. In royal news, the King's children are: Maria (born 1684). In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In social and political news, the actions of the Bavarian crown in dealing with Austria, Brandenburg, and Pomerania have become widely known and popular. Several scholars at the Isabell University in Munich have labelled the relief efforts as a Restoration. Soon, many people refer to the massive tax cuts, infrastructural reconstructions, and general aid as Restoration. When dealing with the south, many in Bavaria label the restoration as Austrian Reconstruction. Army reforms continue, making substantial progress in modernizing the standing forces, in part by sweeping away feudal levies. In political news, Franz-Dominic I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In cultural news, Wolfgang Diefenbach establishes himself as a prominent European scientist, and immediately sets up a proto-salon in Berlin. In political news, several parliamentary factions spring up in the Curia Bavaria. Several factions are opposed to both the existence of the Curia Austria as well as the latter's call for a larger, country-wide parliament. In other news, Karl, Franz-Dominic's brother, finally has a child, who he names Albert, born in 1694.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law.
    • Grand Duchy of Franken-Sachsen: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I, aged 36, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Leopold normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Duchy of Neustadt: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The ports of Fehmarn are expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Osterreich (Austria) in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. King Leopold orders that 5000 troops be sent to Austria to standby. Food and financial aid is sent to Austria, primarily to Vienna and surrounding cities. Furthermore, Leopold sends messengers to Vienna officials noting that the Bavarian crown will be paying for 50% of all Vienna-based infrastructure projects. He also notes that the taxes of the Austrian populace will be moderately lowered, lower than pre-war levels, in the face of the devastation of the war. He also announces aid will be increased over the next few years. In early 1667, an Austrian scholar and merchant, named Karl Manzkari, establishes a trade outpost in Vienna. Initially attracting local merchants, it soon amasses a large array of traders, mostly from northern Austria. In 1668, Karl Manzkari establishes a much smaller outpost in another section of Vienna, hoping to attract more business. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for King Leopold II.
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 186 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is tentatively popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separte legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue to be constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria, and perhaps a large legislature servicing all Bavarian realms, one which would be an Upper house while the Curia Bavaria and Curia Austria would be regional lower houses.
    • Margraviate of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Margrave Albert II, age 35, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Brandenburg in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Albert orders that several infrastructure commissions are created in order to repair the extreme damage to Brandenburg after the war. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Brandenburg. Wolfgang Diefenbach's first scientific meeting in Berlin is successful. The first scientific meeting will occur in 1675. Young Albert is married off to Maria von Hamburg. Margrave Albert II has two children, Karolina (born 1679), and Albert (born 1683). Albert II and Maria have a child this year, who they name Albert.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Ballard, age 55, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Pomerania in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Franz-Ballard orders that several repairs commence on the several ports in Pomerania, including heavy repairs on the main ports. This is done to revitalize trade, commerce and transport as soon as possible. Later on, Leopold and Franz-Ballard plan on touring Pomerania in order to make it known that he holds no ill will for any Pomeranian. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Pomerania. Mary of Pomerania is married to Henry von Hamburg in a matrilineal match, so children would be under the Wittelsbach dynasty. Franz-Ballard, knowing he is unable to produce children, and does not care much for another marriage, declares Mary to be his heir. Princess Mary and Henry von Hamburg have a daughter in 1687, who they name Margaret. Princess Mary has a son this year, who she names Franz-Heinrich.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, and Berlin. Adalbert Völcher, Edmund von Rot-Pferd, and Markus-Paul Ehrbach are among the most prominent merchants and leaders in the RBSC.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy of Scandinavia expands as gold pours into the Baltics. Ports in key trading areas are renovated this year. The population spike seen last year continues into this year. Scandinavia's population increases drastically. Plays in Stockholm and Oslo occur this year as celebrations in Scandinavia to commemorate the successes of King Kristoffer II. Search parties this year search for the Winter Palace, which has been lost for over thirty years now. They come back empty-handed. Scandinavia works on creating sails for their ships. Scandinavian ships are among the most heavily armored in Europe, mostly due to ice. The construction of the ships, however, allow for the ships to take a large amount of cannon fire as well as damage from ice.
    • Helluland: The economy is established.
    • Huronsmark: The economy is improved.
    • Iceland: The economy is improved.
    • Jansylvania: The economy is expanded.
    • Karelia: The economy expands.
    • New Gotland: The economy expands.
    • Schleswig: The economy is expanded.
    • Sjösmark: The economy is expanded this year as new rifles make it to Sjösmark.
    • Strombek: The economy is expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km.
    • Vinland: The economy is expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. Knyaz-Namestnik Fredrik Hohenzollern is named the eventual "Acting Sovereign" by a decision after this year's Grand Summit, when they decided who would take oin the Responsibilities of the 68-year old Supreme Duchess in the eventual case of her demise. Another thing that came out of this year's Summit is the plan for a connected network of roads to increase communication between all the UK republics. The first steps to build a united road network is begun "To rival that of ancient Rome" at the City of Narva, where the first cobble roads are laid out, and construction begins to connect Pskov, Taalinn, and Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve. This is especially important because the city lies at the border, and the decision to start there only shows co-operations between all states involved. In any case, the situation in Danzig calms a bit. However, tensions remain high. The PIC goes to France to try to purchase the Caroline Islands, the southern of which they were already de facto administering anyway. In any case, Pskovian military and Navy get a slight boost due to the Economic growth occuring. Cash crops in the Americas such as cotton farmed in the Bahamas and Sugar and the like farmed in the Leeward Islands are big commodities in Europe and bring the PIC, and therefore Pskov, profit. Gold is also being mined in Zlatobrezhie which brings profit. Meanwhile, there, many administrators are now local, and Pskov are simply now the higher-ranking officials, already infiltrating the language and high culture, with many wealthy Zlatobrezhians gaining and education in the University of Pskov. The first Academy is opened in Zlatobrezhie, run by the church, and as missionaries continue the work of thse sent before them, stuff happens, and Christianity grows. In any case, some traders set up shop in Senegal for the first time. The Pskovians manage to procure a trade deal with the local governement, and the PIC opens its first branch in the Senegalese capital. From there, they plan on discovering every resource exploitable, this multinational corporations will not elave a single source of income for Pskov untapped. The first meetings with the Etat de Danzig and Croatia to settle the Danzig issue are scheduled for next year. The Events in the Neighbouring Russian states are watched with great intrigue, and a decision is made by the New Veche in a secret session to fund dissent amongst Russians against the tsar, and arm possible "republican" rebels in Novgorod. Much of the support comes from descendants of the Republicans in the Novgorod civil war that fled to Pskov once the civil war in Novgorod was over. Covert agents are sent into Novgorod and some into Moscow to incite crowds against the Tsar. The Events in the Imperial Sea are viewed with much caution, as the PIC debates what to do, In the end, the decision is made to continue trading with everyone, and to pose a position of "armed neutrality" in the conflict. This position is adopted by many members of the Veche, and an act is passed declaring a state of "Readily Armed Neutrality" in the Americas, taking no position, and not firing unless fired upon, and continue to trade regardless of the actions of the parties. In this year's grand summit, the issue of international unity begins to be discussed, To better show unity, a decision is made, and next year it will be executed ...
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti reacts with indifference to the tensions building up in Danzig. "It's not really our problem, let the United Republic deal with it" is the general sentiment to people that either know about it, or are peripherally involved, like the Riigikogu. In any case the military is upgraded with flintlocks and whatnot. The Peaminister of Eesti agrees to meet in Riga, and attends what he dubbed the "Grand Summit".
    • In Latvia, economic dev happens as farming methods are improved, and Pskovina merchants invest in possible future profits. The President of the Seima attends the Grand Summit.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff, the Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit.
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP, and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care of the fate of the "lesser" nobility). In any case, the Prussian army waits at the gates of Danzig, hoping to gain access to the city. However, the French do not let them in, and refuse to give taxes, as Danzig belonging to France is not official in any treaty, but rather de facto. This is due to the change in administration, and the public outcry by the new leader of the Bundestag. In any case, this might actually harm some people, so many Prussians living in cities watch the situation with great care ... or at least try to in the era of information traveling very slowly. The Chancellor attends the Grand Summit.

1696

Bavarian writer Heinrich von Guttenberg writes Phädra in similar manner to OTL Jean Racine’s drama.

Miguel d’Ajuda writes the comedy L’Avare (The Miser) similar to Plautus’ Aulularia and shows the timelessness of human flaws.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. After considerable debate, the Hannoverian Government, with the support of the Duke, agree to establish Aceh as a protectorate, using Hamburg's considerable economic presence in the nation, and Dutch expansionism in the region as encouragement (Turn One of Five).
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz.
  • Manchu Empire (Personal Union With Japan): With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Horiyōshi Yokohama III succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy, therefore importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchase battleships from Japan. As the war continues, Manchu forces reach the outskirts of Mukden and after a major battle, the city is captured. Meanwhile, total domination over the Yellow Sea is maintained and Ming are largely driven off in the North[Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Hailar Khaganate: With the defeat of the guerrilla forces in Hailar, Manchu control over the state was set up. The Emperor Qing Fúlín Shùnzhì, appointed Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon as the Governor of the state who in turn introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Mangut Nivkh Tribes[Mil/Eco Turn]
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland through the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Empire continues starting to prepare for another invasion in Cahokie region and Baie d'etoiles as Bayougoulaa has been named (after the king decided it fit his desire) begins to be heavily populated by French, mostly farmers and fur traders, for now small cotton productions continue popping out and growing as well as tobacco plantations in the area of OTL St Francisville called St Louis de Rouge. The colony is divided in three districts, Cahokienne districts (the thin continuous line up north) The Baie d'etoiles district (OTL Bayogoulaa). After several years of relative peace the French Empire prepares for a new war: the invasion of the Nehilaw, the country is fastly mobilized and the navy is prepared to deploy 150,000 soldiers from Europe to meet up with colonial forces (125,000 from Nouvelle Orleans (Colombia), 25,000 from Chateau d'or (French Central America) 20,000 from Jamaica and 30,000 from Rouenelle (Louisiana). We condemn the Invasion of Hesse but desire to remain neutral on the subject for the time, we offer the Westphalian monarchs to take refuge in the kingdom of Rhineland 50,000 mercenaries are sent to the Brussels government as the king sees the change of strengthening the relationship with the Dutch by helping the rebels from Brussels. However, this contingent is unofficial and not much news is spread of this through the empire. The Annexation of Neu Franken is made official under the Name of Nouvelle Artois and the Zollern Islands Renamed Illes Carolinnes. The French began building up their defenses along the river and troops began moving en masse to the Regions of Nouvelle Artois and Rouenelle. The nation is outraged by the Breton assassination, However, the king decides to await for a more favorable time to punish the Breton Killing, The king, however, warns the Bretons and States clearly, "Any further damage to a French citizen in their territory or piracy or any sort of attempted attack at the Kingdom's subjects will be viewed as a war declaration and the rather view towards the Breton that France has kept will change rather quick. Blockades to Breton traders begins in the territories of the French Empire.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The French influx in the southern areas caused by over population of the northern areas of the country (mostly around the capital, Rouen and Nantes) a few regions begin to officially allow French as co-official language while others are still deeply Germanic. While this, throughout the entire country deep cultural change undergoes as the country feels different from the French nations, however, no longer sees itself as a nation under the HRE German influence and has lost respect at their failure to protect them.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.The war troops return as the war ends later on the year. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Uprisings begin in Sardinia for further freedom and desire of independence from the French monarchy and the African Kingdom. However, for the time being African peoples influx continue entering the country. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The local language in Africa continues growing as most of the population (83% of 1.53 million) the rest speaking some Germanic languages (mostly from Rhenish settlers) with 8%, Arabic with 4% and Sardo-African with 5%.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue to be built to outlying villages and plantations continue to be built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, the establishment of the City as a Vassal of France after the occupation of the city since 1655.
    • Cahokie: The country receives huge numbers of French settlers slowly displacing the local tribes fleeing to other tribal kingdoms in the region. Christianization begins. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. Cedes its southern portion of territory to the colony of Rouenelle. The Western Half of Chahta and Chickasha are annexed by the kingdom, while the rest is rewarded to the Colony of Rouenelle
  • |onte: Population grows by 50,000 people. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX, interested in the formalism of European laws and nation starts thinking of ways to consolidate |onte, such as a flag, motto, coat of arms, capital, etc. A regimentation of the "gift-based" economy has been noticed by scholars. Though transactions do not occur, per se, it is considered very rude not to reciprocate a gift. However, they need not be of equal value. The knowledge and education in Kunene spread on a slight scale, as authors, story tellers, philosophers and other intelligentsia leave their work out to gain recognition, often taken home by farmers from the countryside, the farmers, who grow far more than they will need, leave their rice in the grain storage. A trend has appeared for women to cover their breasts. However, the trend is mostly confined to Kunene. Mon XI sends his 200,000-strong Eheresito hu |onte to begin mining for diamonds that were recently encountered, greatly boosting the economy, allowing for food imports and the buying of ships. |onte's navy reaches a large size after many years of buying from France
  • Wu China: Military improves.
  • The Kiatagmiut Band starts to recover from the shock of the polar bear attack upon Napapellur. The Great Elder, Aklaq, fights some religious zealots who say taht the polar bear attack was a bad omen, leading to some internal disorganization that is only cooled off when the High Shaman reinforces the idea of the Cult of the Supreme Spirit, for one of the first times in recent years. Once Aklaq has reestablished his hegemony, a meeting of the Amellrutaq decides that all future efforts at expansion should be northerly in nature, citing greater cultural ties. For this reason, expansion is targetted at the Kaialigamiut Band, who is either militarily subdued or willingly assimilated into the Band. For the first time, we encounter the Japanese, who are deemed to be the brothers of the Nivkhs.
  • Ayutthaya: We continue our influencing of the controlled regions of Laos and Cambodia and we expand our military bases in the area. We do all we can to remove non-Thai ethnicities from the regions and build a large population of Thai people. Roads are expanded linking the new regions and particuarly to our gunpowder producing regions. The roads connecting Lower Dawei with Ayutthaya have been expanded again and many towns and smaller cities start thriving on the busy roads. Military expansion continues on the Ayutthayan Nicobar and we also increase our navy research in an effort to keep up to date. We continue building our relations with Lanka, the Dutch, Japan and Hispania and we also try to increase our trade. Smaller logging camps are made in Lanna where there is an abundance of forest which needs clearing for an expanding population. We also hope that the cleared land will help us produce more farming land. Ayutthaya wishes to see economic growth after having the war with Laos and Cambodia and we continue to try to rebuild our economy. As a result of the war, our post-war industry and military has slightly improved and we now see a majority of units using European based weaponry and about a third now use rifles. The schools of the North and East regions are expanded and we hope that this will bring greater education to the rural areas. We look at developing larger cities in the previous Lanna area so that their population can experience greater technology and become more connected with the government of Ayutthaya. Many people in the new areas of Ayutthaya begin causing fights after government occupation, and as a result we send in police and military to deal with the unstable towns. We also send in aid to any communities affected to show the appreciation the Ayutthayan government has.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The military expands this year as military forts undergo renovations, some of them in states of disrepair, especially in northern Sweden and Norway. With the renovations come new ships; a new frigate is rolled out of the shipyards this year. Public education in Scandinavia continues to become more and more commonplace as reforms sweep through urban areas. The literacy rate in Scandinavia is at the 48% mark. The population continues to experience a massive swell this year, bringing Scandinavia's population to the 7 million mark.
    • Helluland: The military is established.
    • Huronsmark: The military is improved.
    • Iceland: The military is improved.
    • Jansylvania: The military is expanded.
    • Karelia: The military expands.
    • New Gotland: The military expands.
    • Schleswig: The military is expanded.
    • Sjösmark: The military is expanded.
    • Strombek: The military is expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km.
    • Vinland: The military is expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km.
  • Ming China: The Chinese continue to expand their economy and military.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. A few Shinto missionaries from Jejudo help out Japan in Vietnam to bring Shinto there.
  • Hispania: The Kingdom of Spain itself begins to see a small demographical decline as the immigration to colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise. The Spanish nobility even sees a large sort of Decline as many of the younger sons and daughters go to the Spanish colonies as the example has been set by the Royal Familiy. The Commercial reforms for the empire reach completion with a notable increase in the economy as a result. Cape Ferdinand gains further investment as gold, and other raw materials have been discovered of worth within the previously port/trade oriented colony. The royal government continues to develop plans for the eventual reconquest of Hawaii. The Hispanian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more Third rates, and fourth Rates with the occasional Second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets. The Hispanian fleet triumphs over Japan and secures her trade routes. The Empire begins to influence Vorlayacor (Turn Three of Three) using dominant trading power and a near monopoly of Spanish trade to permeate the nation with Spanish influence The Hispanian military begins major reforms using its major surplus in budget to form multiple new armies. The First army is just a reformed domestic force to be based in Spain of almost 40,000 (not all of which is constantly mobilized). The Second is an expansion of the italian force to nearly 25,000 and being renamed to the the Army of Italy. The final force is a force of 10,000 loyal Spaniards in North Africa, forming the Army of North Africa. Spanish inventor Juan Gomez invents the Seed Drill to make agriculture much more efficient.
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army is drawn back to 40,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire or are Spanish cultured. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. Italy continues its economic buildup become a large part of the Spanish economy. The Italians show some minor unrest under the Spanish but the growing Hispanicized populace in Southern Italy is beginning to overtake various cultures within the southern territories. Some cultures such as Sicilian one of the most dominant in Southern Italy have become a closely tied culture with Spanish with a common "Hispanian" Culture beginning to develop in the Historic Kingdom of Naples area as well as farther within Italy now as well.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a  fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The Kingdom of Lombardy continues its development of its armed forces, being aided by a domestic arms industry. The Economy of the kingdom officially becomes fully tied with the empire. The Navy of the kingdom is minor standing at 25 ships. The Military stands at 25,000. Hispanization of Lombardy continues.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavily under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses. The population of Morocco is at an estimated 2.7 million with many being of mixed race or Spanish origin. The Moroccan culture, however, is wholly Spanish. The Moroccan nation sees some emigration from the nation to Spanish colonies but sees no real drain as many of them are Berbers or Mestizos looking for work other than farm work in Morocco.
    • Kingdom of Algiers: With the conquest of Algiers the Moroccan state continues to occupy and pacify Algiers flooding it with new Spaniards as nobles. The Imperial system is established in Algiers and a local force of about 2000 is established and run purely by the Spanish. The economy is obviously weak but begins to be recovered due to inclusion into the Spanish system. The Kingdom of Algiers is established and many Muslim fighters and their families are exiled into the deserts with the government unwilling to deal with the ultra-orthodox or radical Muslims. The Algerian kingdom begins using low class Muslim labor to begin working on canals much like Morocco. With recent history in Morocco many Algerians simply emigrate from the area to avoid wholesale slaughter or forced slave labor. Along with this many begin to convert as Christianity takes dominant presence due to a large Spanish settler class in Algiers of nearly 30,000.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Spain's massive West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Spain and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about two million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had. The Spanish settlers in the Kongo only number about 2000.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.5 million with many living within the Cuba island territory. Morelia officially finishes its expansion having nowhere else to go. Its armed forces reach force of about 5000 Colonial Spaniards supplied by the Spanish from home.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand. The mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha - a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha drops to barely six million as the disease has ravaged the massive nearly untouched indian community in the western states. This has a massive impact as the vulnerability of the natives is considered a breaking point for the Spanish attempts to recruit them for a labor force.
    • Zapoteca: The Protectorate of Zapoteca after years of expanding begins the major integration of the new territories looking to integrate them fully. With a population of about four million Zapoteca re-arms its military into a force of about 40,000. Zapoteca also begins to consider Redistricting with more authority over Tenocha being granted while Itzapam is ceded to Morealia. The Zapotecan fleet is expanded further and a coastal highway is built up and connected with roads in Tenocha. Zapoteca boasts a large Mestizo population but also maintains a moderately sized New World born Spanish population which administrates a good amount of the Zapotecan territories
    • Mission of New Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the unorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the unorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezian military is Raised to nearly 25,000 from its new Italian territories and exiles all Germans/Austrians from the territory only leaving Italians and Hispanians (Hispanicized Italians) Venezia continues its integration of the new territory. Venezia continues on a massive path toward hispanicization.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 75,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy - in order to expand the food supply of the large colony - expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. New Spain reaches a population of nearly 4.3 million and growing through immigration and domestic growth as well as inclusion of hispanicized natives and unhispanicized natives. The Viceroyalty with full authority of the Emperor issues a series of land grants to respectable people along the Interior territories and along the West Coast of the continent throughout Chile, this puts the Mapuche and Chilean territories officially under control of New Spain. With this inclusion the vast new tracts of territory begin to be settled further to expand existing internal cities. Along with this the attractiveness of Cash cropping leads many to take out loans from the Royal Bank in New Spain which begins the development of further cash croppingsuch as cotton, yerba mate, wheat, barley, grapes, and a host of other cash crops keeping the crops on a rotationary cycle in order to keep prices in a fluctuation over the years and for field rejuvenation.
    • Vorlayacor: The Nation of Vorlayacor is officially brought back into the Empire with a population of 1.3 million, a Solid Spanish built navy, and now military access to the Colonial Military Authority. The Local ruler is left in his position and is granted as the Governor of Vorlayacor given a Spanish advisor and nearly 5000 of New Spain's colonial militia to establish solid Spanish control of the territory. Many see this as an affront as Vorlayacor was forced into its current position through Imperialist Spaniards. Regardless now with cheaper goods being part of the empire than being outside of it, the Vorlayacoran populace is relatively passive. Many border restrictions are eased in regards to New Spain and Vorlayacor to encourage some White immigration to the area to form the core of a new white settler population here. Fleet is expanded to about 20 ships. The Military is a force sent from New Spain acting as the military force for the nation.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand rises to 120,000 colonists as many new settlers arrive due to the investment. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 75 px. Settlers along the Orange River begin an ambitious irrigation project. The Orange River settlers begin to mine diamonds. The Colony itself begins to see a notable growth of its Agricultural centers becoming a decent exporter of Agricultural goods. Along with this a rather unorthodox product has come about. Zulu soldiers previously hired out and trained as colonial troops have come some of South Africas most loyal and vehement supporters of Spain and here empire seeing her as the Bringers of Civilization, and with the wide adoption of Christianity among many Zulu peoples has led to them becoming a rather accepted demographic in the society of the Colony. This however has led to relative tension as Zulu and Colonial troops are forced to take extremely harsh measures against other natives. This leads to the creation of the Zulu only policy, set on making Zulus the only Black Demographic in South africa with significant populations in proportion to White Spaniards.
    • Viceroyalty of New Granada: The Viceroyalty of New Granada sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 100 px. The colony's population expands to around 410,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the city of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 35,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco City. New Granada begins seeing some native resistance but forces many out in favor of settlers, Some native groups, however, seem rather keen on assimilation with the Spaniards adopting Spanish culture, Spanish language, and in some cases marrying Spanish men, and working for Spanish people. With life on the frontier rather hard, the Spaniards have great welcome for cheaper workers who are willing to adopt all aspects of Spanish culture. Taking a cue from the conquests of territory in New Spain by the natives, the Colonial forces here use a divide and conquer strategy pitting some native tribes against each other and then eliminating the survivors. New Granada with its various mountains and with some territory in the valley secured, begins to implement the learned inca method of terrace farming which is standard even in Spain at this point. The farming in general begins to show promise as surplus yields begins to show. The Forests in the area begin to be cut for ship building which quickly picks up as various Spanish trade companies and even the highly militarized Spanish Asian companies begins picking up on these developing the local economy into something impressive. Various cash crops also begin to be grown - most particularly cotton and now Grapes as well as the hybrid grape is bred and planted.
    • Philippines: Spain continues to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. Investment from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Philippines officially becomes the hub of the Spanish military in Asia. 2500 troops from the Philippines (most of them Spanish) are deployed to Burma to crush the revolt. Talks of turning the Philippines into a Crown Viceroyalty go underway. The Philippines shows notable Spanish settlement with nearly 3000 Spaniards living on the islands, mostly in Manila.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy. The protectorate of Oyo expands its armed forces to nearly 20,000 all made up of some of the minorities in the area and led by Spanish officers. A large community of Spaniards begins to develop on in the protectorate with about 3000 people between Spaniards, and Hispanicized Italians living along the coast.
    • East African Protectorates: The military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe. The potential division of the EAP is proposed with Madagasikara, Maputo, and Mozambika becoming three separate entities within the Empire. This decision shows a great deal of support as the decentralized nature of the current governmental force has become a major issue in dealing with the three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port. The company navy along with Madras maintains nearly 70 ships for personal use 20 of these being top-of-the-line warships. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambhat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 150,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Greater Cochin: The Protectorate of Greater Cochin is formed following the revolt of the noble and with this the nobility more or less are forced to give up their titles. They are all more or less replaced with a Spanish aristocracy which now run the country. With this the unification of Dawei and Shan under Cochin the new state begins an aggressive integrationist policy. The Sepoya troops in Cochin are expanded to nearly 8000 and the economic policies are used to increase the productivity of the territory. The Greater Cochin area now houses nearly 1000 Spanish marines now using it as a major base of operations in the region.
    • Shanghai: The city of Shanghai - due to its presence on the mainland of China proper - becomes a massive economic and trade port for the empire only just a few years but with direct access to Chinese goods coveted by Europe a huge volume of trade ships numbering in the hundreds flood the port purchasing the goods and transporting them across the Pacific via Spain global trade route. Shanghai hears of the first potential immunization for smallpox via Chinese texts and begins looking into it. The Sepoya troops of Shanghai are officially drawn down to about 5000 for the time being with it being split with a Japanese force and a Shanghaian Force of about 2500 apiece both led by Spanish officers and troops. Shanghai is named the headquarters of the overseas South China Sea Company and manages to secure 500 elite Spaniard troops to guard the interest in China. The newly built trade port of Heian is put under Shanghai's operational umbrella on the island of Hainan.
    • Qingdao: Qingdao - due to further distance - is set up as another South China Sea Company ruled territory and the good from the area are used to attract traders here as well. This is done to prevent the city of Shanghai being the only major Spanish Chinese port. The company invests into a force of about 1000 to hold the city and now about 30 top-of-the-line ships.
    • New Aragon: New Aragon is officially established as an independent viceroyalty with the discovery of another organized state in Australia with plans to begin expansion around 1700. The Areas shows a large influx of Spanish military settlers looking to keep any hostility down on the continent of Australia. The Force here is at about 300 with a grand total population of about 2000. The emerging importance of this territory becomes increasingly important as New Aragon is given ten top-of-the-line ships, and about 500 marines to keep the area a major territory of Spanish influence. New Aragon begins considering the opening up of a new Colony on the now named Continent of Australia.
  • Empire of Japan (Personal Union With Manchuria): The military/economy is built up. A Japanese colonialist named Yokohama comes to the court of the Emperor Yoshi II. He is tried for disloyalty to the emperor and not worshiping Shinto. He dies after a long, painful, tortuous death. The minorities, as well as unhappy colonists and non-Shinto followers, launch a military coup on the capital. The emperor, a follower of the samurai, had lost a fight with another person. This meant to Yoshi II to commit suicide in a ritual, surrounded by many loyalists. However, as he died without an heir, someone had to become the new one. After some more fighting, the opposition wins and transforms Japan into a monarchal empire, with Yokohama's son Yokohama II, as emperor. However, Due to recent reports that the economy is falling, Emperor Yokohama II is poisoned by bad wine, brought from Spanish merchants. His son, Horiyōshi Yokohama III, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarchs rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised upon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. After exploring north for a couple years to find alternate trade different from Hispania, Japanese and Ainu merchants make first contact with the Kiamukut Band on the Alaskan coast. The merchants did not understand the Inuits well, but they were escorted by fishers to the Grand Chief. As a sign if friendship between them, the merchants offer many gifts to him, being given Inuit food, cloth, shelter, and warmth in return. Because of this troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • Ainu (Vassal of Japan): The economy is improved. Trade ships are starting to be built, so the Ainu can trade more with Japan and their companions. Some people, hearing of the Inuits, decide to learn the Kiamukut Bands' language. However, due to the newness and complexity of the language, it will take the learners several hard years of dedication to learn it. Troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • Japanese Manchuria (Colony of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 9 larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs. Troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • Formosa (Vassal of Japan): Economy is improved. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan. Troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • North Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to North Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
    • South Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to South Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
    • Biak: Expands by 20 px.
  • Empire of Urdustan: Several Urdu merchants continue to sponsor gem mines in the Mogok area of Ava, due to the high concentration of gems such as rubies, sapphires, garnets and moonstones, and the first of many mines begin to return with more successes. Construction of ships based upon Castilian designs, granted to us by them, continues, in order to further our efforts to explore and trade. New crops continue to enter into several plantations, opium and cannabis. With the increasing popularity of wood-block printing, works in Urdu/Hindi are created and stored in large amounts, in order to further cement the change in Urdustan. Efforts to better the military continue with a mandatory rearming of the noble levies, with the Emperor offering to pay half the costs per noble, and with any noble refusing to do so, being met with increasingly less beneficial trade interaction by other nobles and foreign merchants. The Islamization of Urdustan continues from an increase in missionary activity. The construction of the observatory allows for Urdustani examination of the stars, and they begin to use translations of European texts to facilitate their own, independent observations. Trade with Kham continues, as well as financial offerings to stabilize their economy. The council begins to reutilize slave labor en masse for the construction of several new roads that will span across the Empire of Urudstan. However, for this, slave labor is short in supply.
    • Swargadeo of Barphanivāsa: (Barpha nivāsa kē rājya, برف مکان کی بادشاہی): The Swargadeo of Trans-Assam continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. The land reclamation, having been going on for decades, is extremely successful in creating viable farmland for rice, grain and other staple crops, increasing Kamarupa's population and their yearly trade output. In the newly conquered regions of Tibet, there is a beginning of attempts to cultivate the land to farm potatoes and cotton mainly. However, since this is fairly early in the efforts, herding of yaks, goats, cattle, and sheep remain the economic mainstay of the Tibetan region. Efforts to convert the new peoples begins in full as missionaries enter the country with administrative rights.
    • Rayja of Vijaynagara (وجینگر کی بادشاہی, Vijayanagara kē rājya): The Rayja of Vijaynagara, still ruled over by the Urdustani Emperor, begins to see some reforms. These reforms include making it easier for Hindus to become part of the noble caste, lowering their taxes and requirements. To compensate for this loss of Islamic power, however, schools increasingly put more emphasis on learning Urdu, an Islamic language in the Arabic script.
    • The Plutocratic State of Jaunpur (جونپور کے بہت سے پردانوں ریاست, Jaunapura kē ka'ī ra'īsōṁ rājya): Now vassalized by Urdustan, their debts begin to disappear quickly as either Urdustan begins the process of paying off the debts of Jaunpur to Urdustan by purchasing noble seats for Urdustani nobility. This flood of Urdustani nobility leads to a more reformed military in regards to Urdustani tactics, as well as an economy more specialized and focused on producing less types of goods, but many of them.
    • The Sultanate of Deccan (دکن کے سلطان, Ḍēkkana kī saltanata): Now vassalized by Urdustan, their debts begin to disappear quickly as either Urdustan begins the process of paying off the debts of Jaunpur to Urdustan by purchasing noble seats for Urdustani nobility. This flood of Urdustani nobility leads to a more reformed military in regards to Urdustani tactics, as well as an economy more specialized and focused on producing less types of goods, but many of them.
    • The Rayja of Sindh (سندھ کی بادشاہی, Sindha kē rājya): Now vassalized by Urdustan, greater focus begins to be put on its shipping industry and infrastructure to transport items to ports, so as to maximize the amount of income from its farmland in regards to potatoes, indigo and opium. The military begins to be reformed to more Urdustani tactics.
      • Urdustani Diplomacy (To all): The ruling council of Urdustan wishes to purchase a small colony on the contintent of Africa from any European nation.
      • No offense Eip, but I think you're not really in a position to establish colonies. The Urdustani Empire still has Indian nations to expand into, which, from what I can tell, is the whole point of the URDUstani Empire. -Sky
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: Modernization continues, with numerous European immigrants accelerating technological advancements. Much of the upper class now speaks French in addition to Cree, and interest in French culture and food grows. Meanwhile, farmers in northern areas finish domesticating captured musk oxen, in order to replace cattle, which generally die in huge numbers every winter. Nomadic herding, of reindeer, musk oxen and horses, increases in importance. Tsicha continues to be produced. The addition of certain herbs gives it hallucinogenic properties, making it far more popular than previously. The military grows, especially the navy. Cavalry increases in importance, while the navy and merchant marine reach a far larger size and efficiency from years of purchase, both from France and on the black market. Nehilaw traders plan a massive voyage to reach Europe for the first time, but this will probably not occur for some time, due to the logistics. Fishing continues to expand its importance to the Nehilaw economy, especially the massive cod fisheries off Newfoundland. Fishermen there come into contact with Croatian settlers, to general surprise. Fishermen build a seasonal fishing camp on the island of Igulik (OTL Belle Isle). Several fishermen stay over the winter this year. Musk oxen are transported to the island to sustain them, and soon multiply. The Nehilaw begin a major program of expansion to fill in the enclave of unsettled territory, expanding into it as much as possible.
    • Chippewa: The economy improves while numerous Crees immigrate.
    • Mackinac: The economy improves.
    • Odawa: The economy improves.
    • Chisasibi: The economy improves.
    • North Ojibwe: The economy improves.
    • Nipissing: The economy improves.
  • 'Empire of Lanka: With the Death of Samir III in 1686, his eldest son Ranj I of Lanka inheirits the throne. Ranj intends to reform the empire and make it more similar to a European state. Ranj had received a small amount of western education in Lanka (Mathematics, Astronomy, and Government). The Empire focuses mainly on westernization, and secondly on military (and the navy), the economy, and infrastructure. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Lanka making the empire more westernized. After many years of burning and decommissioning the old Rajakaas, most castes and classes normally use the Dutch Guilder as the currency. Most of the army is equipped with Dutch/western weapons and many cannons given to them over the years. Most of the army also have Dutch military training, to learn Dutch/western tactics, and the troop numbers continues to go up. Population increases, and Ranj prepares to hold the first Lankan census soon. The navy is ordered to explore more around India, Indonesia and China. King Ranj continues to allow the building of naval bases and trade posts in Lanka with Dutch approval. Although the education is not completely funded, Lankan schools begin to teach Dutch as a second language. Because of the Dutch merchants in the area, Dutch Reformist begins to be sampled among a small amount of the population. Wealthier native Lankans begin to wear fancy Dutch clothes. All of this Dutch influence begins to make a small mix of culture between Lankan (Sinhala culture in particular) with Dutch culture. Ranj starts improves relations with Urdustan and Ayutthaya. He also starts to improve weary relations with Japan. Some small and expensive (non-government funded) private schools are appearing in major cities of the country, that teach western mathematics and sciences. Some upper-class Lankans get education at these facilities. 'Ranj I still progresses his father's plans to build a new capital city to the west of Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte name Waardige with the help of the Netherlands (OTL Colombo). In the new capital he plans to build a university and grand palace (named Prima). The navy slightly expands and mainly consists of large (former) Dutch warships. Ranj I's heir gets taught in the fields of Mathematics, Astronomy and Government. The Kust Weg (Coast Road in Dutch), the country-long road across the island sees good use. The road will be mainly used for military and trade purposes, but it also functions for civil and transportational purposes. The planned capital will contain a canal system, a Dutch district, a trade district, a government district, a district with Sinhala (a small amount of Tamil) citizens, a University, and a grand palace. The building is funded by Lanka and the Netherlands. The project is estimate to take 50 to 75 years (Turn Thirty-Eight of Many). Trade continues to increase with the new trade agreements. Ranj I talks with the Netherlands about reforming their treaty. With a small (2 px) beachhead on the island of Nikobara, Ranj I sends troops to protect the occuppied land. Religion and Culture starts to become a small concern of Ranj as he see tensions slightly rising.
    • Grand Duchy of Nava Kotte: Nava Kotte focuses mainly increases its economy, infrastructure and westernization. Nava Kotte continues to be a good trade post, used in trading with Ayutthaya, Dai Viet, and Dutch colonies in Indonesia. The colony assembles a very miniscule local (non-government funded) armed force to defend the island. The population continues to be small, many consisting of Dutch merchants. The small amount of land in Nikobara is given the Grand Duchy for merchant use.
    • Grand Duchy of Jaffna: Jaffna focuses mainly increases its economy, infrastructure and westernization. The Jaffnan army integrates into the Lankan army. Emperor Ranj also orders Kotte currency to be decommissioned. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Kotte.
    • Grand Duchy of Kotte: Kotte focuses mainly increases its economy, infrastructure and westernization. The Kottan army integrates into the Lankan army. Emperor Ranj also orders Kotte currency to be decommissioned. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Kotte.
    • Sorry about my long absensce, but I am back ... -Nic
  • Grand Croatian Bajanate (Veliki Hrvatski Bajanat): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Bajanate. With growing Ragusan influence, and the begining of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory.
    • ​Banate of Croatia: Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined.
    • Polish Banate (Poljski Banat): The Polish Banate grows relatively independently, although a part of the Bajanate, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Ban is elected by it while the Bajan only confirms him.
    • Czech Banate (Češki Banat): The Banate recovers from the Idiocracy's rule and many nobles gain more power in the nation.
    • Podbanate of Silesia (Šlezijski Podbanat): The Podbanate's natural resources are highly sought in the rest of the Bajanate which leads to economic growth.
    • Podbanate of Dahomej (Podbanat Dahomej): The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Podbanate of Carantania (Podbanat Karantanska): Croatization continues, starting with removing any pro-Austrian threats. The idea that Carantania is Slavic since the Carantanian Slavic tribe settled there spreads and is used to bring the Podbanate closer to the Banate.
    • Isles of the Grand Bajanate: The infrastructure is built up.
    • Carantanian Island (Karantanski Otok): The colony expands by 750 sq km.
  • The Cherokee Nation: Wages war against the Creek. General Galegenoh and Prince Sequoyah fight a very successful campaign and quickly join up with their Roman allies following the takeover of the eastern Creek territory. The war is predicted to be over soon, and King Degataga begins to plan where to display the head of the Creek king. The Cherokee King eventually decides to send the Creek King's head to the Chief of the Koasati Nation in a warning to show the Koasati what will happen if they refuse to bend the knee. The King hopes this threat will force the Koasati to announce themselves as a Cherokee vassal. Elsewhere, Prince Waya continues his plot to become the King of the Shawana, after his third son Salal is born as the King of the Shawana arrives in the Cherokee capital to visit his grandchildren. Five days into the visit, the Shawana King falls ill and eventually dies of plague following a few painful days. The fact the plague was caused by the infected bed sheets Prince Waya had placed in the visiting King's guest bed is a closely guarded secret with the servants involved being given land in the rural parts of the Cherokee nation so that they are never seen of again. Prince Waya escorts the body of the dead King back to the Shawana capital with his wife, who does not know that her husband killed her father. Prince Waya and Princess Ama are declared the King and Queen of the Shawana nation, with their coronation being due to take place next year following the King's funeral.
  • Netherlands: Maurice II now 32 and in need of a queen . The young king vows to uphold the current political system and surrenders all the powers stipulated under the Act of common law and the Nassau Act. The current political environment of the Netherlands along with the growing enlightenment literature in the East leads to the growth of the Dutch Enlightened circles particularly in Brussels, Amsterdam, and The Hague. Thinkers such as Adriaan van Hogendrop, and Louis Simon Poullet become leaders of the ideas. Amongst their works are the King and the People, and The Brave New World prove very influential among academic circles, promoting the belief of economic liberty, State of mind and identity and the division of power (based on the works of OTL John Locke). The wealth of the Netherlands continues to grow to pre-civil war levels and it grows at a more sustainable level as the hold over trade and banking is solidified, while the hold over the East India trade Company is finalized. Trade increases substantially as peace remains high throughout the trading routes of the Dutch Empire and as cash crops and spice fetch large prices on the European market. Wallonia and Flanders continue to grow economically. Under the guidance of the new States-General lead by Stadtholder Antonie van Namur the power of the Kingdom's legislation  is stabilized and amplified allowing greater liberties to the productive and trading sectors. Wallonian steel increases in value again as it picks up. Cultural and scientific development continues in the Netherlands lead by the university of Brussels. Trader and scientist Philips van Leeuwenhoek discovers bacteria while looking through a microscope his findings are published in the Dutch academic circles (OTL bacteria was discovered by a Dutch in 1676 with the same last name simple doing the honors XD). This is an addition to Pskov's work on biology and opens up the academic circles to greater investment in biology. Architecture continues to develop as well as the cities are rebuilt. military and naval expansion continue. More ships of the line are built to help keep Dutch trading lines under control. The Dutch Royal Army stands at 45,000 strong in Europe while the colonies put together reach 35,000 mainly in the East Indies were Indians are recruited. Naval reforms begin.
    • Netherland's East India Company: With the reorganization of power beginning in the homeland reforms are started in the East Indies territories. Administration is overhauled to bring it into a centralized administration while local autonomy of the Company's vassals is reaffirmed. The Company army begins reforms to create three divisions of the so called Native troops, Indian troops, and European troops. Amongst the reforms put forward efforts to assimilate and convert the Malay and Javanese are ceased and respect of local cultures is assured. Major territorial reforms are passed With Brunei and the Malay peninsula (now Jehore) regaining significant internal autonomy while the cities of Malacca, Singapore, and the eastern part of Brunei remain under direct Dutch administration. Sunda remains under direct rule withe sultan receiving a pension. Southern Sumatra is added to the Dutch East Indies as a result of the war with payurung. The area is reorganized and administration is placed under Batavia. The first coffee plantation in the orient is established in Java.
    • Jehore and Brunei: Economic development continues. The East India Company restores local autonomy to the Malay peninsula Under the treaty of Malacca recognizing the Jehore dynasty as the sultans of Malay. A local Malay regiment is created from company troops to help administer the new sultanate though it remains a Dutch client State. 7000 troops are raised to aid in the war effort, and a fleet of 30 ships is placed under the control of the company.
    • Dutch Africa: The European-educated black elites in Benin are granted greater autonomy as long as they provide the quota of slaves, ivory and other tradable goods. efforts to break Austrian dominance in the Cameroon region begin. The Governor requests that The Hague enforce Dutch interests in the region and secure a deal with Austria at all costs.
    • Guiana: The population of Guiana has steadily grown over the past 100 years reaching a population of 20,000 white settlers and some 12,000 black slaves. Economic growth continues and Paramaribo is declared the colony's capital. Plantations continue to grow and demands to open the interior for further exploitation begin. Culturally the colony remains Dutch-Wallon. Relations with the natives continue to deteriorate as incursions into native land continues and enslavement of the native population begins to work in construction. Efforts to isolate and destroy native culture begin. Exploration of the interior continues as expansion along the new Rhine River (OTL Orinoco River) continue as well as along the Amazon River claiming 500 pixels in total. Expansion of military control into the Interior continues with outposts being constructed to enforce Dutch-Wallon rule over the colony. Dutch Privateers continue operating out of Guiana under false flags. Development of the Guiana Aristocratic culture continues as more land is set aside for plantations. Coffee becomes increasingly popular in the colony. New Antwerp and Paramaribo become major trading cities as the local economy grows following the civil war.
  • Peruvian Confederation: Within the  Inca Empire proper, the military, economy and navy are improved. Cava dies at the age of 65. her eldest son takes the throne. He, like his mother, places himself on the throne of both Tawatinsuyu and Chiribaya. Population of the Empire stands at six million with the largest city being Cuzco (170,000), then Peru (80,000), Machu Picchu (65,000), Chimu (50,000) Sican (30,000) and New Burgundy (25,000). Cava also creates the Peruvian Confederation, modeled after the Spanish confederation, it consists of Peru and her vassals.Huascar takes the throne. Her other children include Huascar's brother, Maitia (27), and his sister, Ka-Atta-Killia. (20) Reconstuction of Huari continues. A novel called , The Children of the Mountains , is published in the Inca Empire. The Novel details a history where Cuzco is destroyed by Spanish Conquerors and what remains of the Inca live within the mountains, fighting against the Spanish conquistadors. The novel is mostly ignored. The Inca ask Spain if it is all right to form the Peruvian Royal Army, which would act as a sperate entinty from the Colonial military.
    • Empire of Chiribaya: With the formation of the Peruvian Confederation and the Elevation of Chiribaya into an empire, a new wave of updates to the military, economy and navy begins. The nation, under Cava's rule, begins to develop laws similar to that of the Inca. An effort to attract immigrants from Tawatinsuyu begins, as the population stands at 1,750,000. Chirbaya Cuzco has a population of 75,000.
    • Empire of Chimor: Military and economy improve. Chan Chan is developed. Population stands at 1,800,000. Chan Chan has a population of 127,000. As the nation ascends to the Empire of Chimor, the Inca encourage the movement of Chimu people (those who remain) back to their homeland.
    • Empire of Collaquimbaya: Expansion ends. Military and economy improve. Population stands at 180,000. The city of Apeac stands at a population of 10,000.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to prosper in this time of peace. The economy continues to grow as the trade networks across the Empire become more solidified and trade networks outside of the Empire continue to expand, particularly in eastern Asia and Borealia. The military and the navy continues to train, practice, and learn new techniques as they are discovered. The military eventually rises to about 200,000 trained soldiers, although not all of those soldiers are on duty all the time for economic concerns. Troops of all ethnicities are trained to keep the army diverse and the ethnic groups unified. The various Archonates continue to be integrated with new infrastructure, new trade connections, and a newly increasing sense of Roman "identity." Some expansionists begin to wonder why Egypt has not yet been added to the Empire as a full Archonate yet, although the Emperor assures them that it will happen. The reign of John IX has been relatively peaceful and prosperous, with minimal incidents. An attempted overthrow happened, but that was short and rapidly crushed by the army. The policy toward the Turks, numbering about two million out of an Empire of 23 million, remains the same, and a few hundred to a thousand Turks are estimated to leave the Empire each year. Cities like Ancyra, Nicaea and Ephesus continue to grow, further fortifying Roman control over western Anatolia. Military outposts along the border with the Damascan Sultanate are constructed and fortified, as the Emperor notices that there are now no buffer states between the two rising powers. Influence in vassal states continues to grow, and the Roman political and economic sphere continues to expand and consolidate its gains. The offer of the Cherokee is accepted, and Cherokee ambassadors are invited to Reme to discuss what they have planned.
    • Reme: The colony continues to prosper from the growth of cash crops and their export. Along with the native issue, some troops and militia as well as allied natives join in the fight to defeat the raiders and conquer their lairs. The native states are defeated and their lands placed under military occupation pending an increase of relations and better governance. Expands in the north by 20 pixels. The issues with the pirates begins to come to the attention of the colonial government, and steps are taken in order to cut down on piracy, including increased patrols. Increasing bureaucracy in the colonies is careful to facilitate cordial relations between the natives and colonists. Economic growth, particularly in Antillia, drive the colonization process further. Cooperation with the natives increases to further protect the mainland colonies, while better fortifications and shipyards are constructed in order to better protect the colonies.
    • Egypt: Egypt begins to recover from the war. With almost all of the Muslim inhabited lands of the state stripped from it, Egypt is now mostly Christian, although the rights of the Muslims remaining are not infringed upon. Food begins to be grown again, and this helps the population recover from ages of war. The Roman military garrison largely maintains order, while a 25,000 man Egyptian force is trained to help protect the nation and the canal. The Grigius family returns from Greece to rule over Egypt once again, and they are met with some enthusiasm. The previous royal family is deposed from ruling but they are not harmed and are allowed to maintain their nobility, as relatives to the current king. Other nobles who were loyal keep their nobility, and commoners who remained loyal to Rome are given nobility and automatic citizenship. As the population continues to grow, it centers around the cities of Alexandria, Damietta, Luxor, and the newly refounded Berenice. Alexandria becomes a shining city on the banks of the sea and the Nile, and it is widely admired. Berenice is growing well, and the trade from India and China makes the city expand much more quickly. Large ships are sent around the Cape of Africa to serve as trade ships at Berenice. The population still remains mostly agricultural at this time. The revolt of the border town is easily put down by the military occupation force, but the lesson of the revolt is not lost on the Occupation Force and most of the Imperial government. Steps are taken to prevent or otherwise cut off revolts when they start, and as such some of the cultural laws and ideas initiated in the previous period of Roman rule are to be restored, with the rest restored over time. With the problems of the canal, the Roman military occupation and the native Egyptian military set up patrols along sections of the canal to ensure that raids are not too damaging. At the same time, the military tries to pinpoint the origins of these raids and take them out at the root. Military and economic growth and stability is the next major project for the Egyptian government. Egyptian officers are trained at military academies in Roman cities such as Constantinople, Adrianople and Sparta while Egyptian merchants are invested in and trained by Roman merchants. By now, most of the institutions of the Egyptian state have been rebuilt to some degree and are firmly integrated with their Roman counterparts.
    • Georgia: The Roman military occupation is largely frowned upon by the locals. However, the locals do approve of some aspects. They do approve of Roman occupation rather than Damascan occupation, and the fact that the Bagrationi Dynasty still rules earns some decent respect for Roman authority. Roman authorities work with the Bagrationi Dynasty to help bring improvements to the region and its people. Infrastructure is repaired from the war and new roads and buildings are constructed to benefit both the occupation and the native people. To help earn the loyalty of the native population, the Laz people, related to the Georgians themselves, are persuaded to gradually move from their homeland in northern Anatolia to join their brothers in Georgia. The existing Georgian navy is enrolled into the Imperial Navy while new Georgian merchants and military officers are enrolled in education programs to better integrate them with existing Imperial systems.
    • Armenia: The country of Armenia faces a bit of a problem. The Roman occupation force, as a general precaution, did not allow the Bragationi family remain in control of both Armenia and Georgia. As such, the need for a royal was the first challenge to be addressed. After much consideration in the Imperial court of Constantinople, it is decided that the Lusignan Dynasty of former Cyprus and Armenian Cicilia will take the throne, as some yet still live in Constantinople and have displayed considerable loyalty to the Empire a few decades after the fall of Cyprus. The new dynasty is enthroned on New Years Day, and the new king and the Roman occupation force begin eagerly in making Armenia a safe and prosperous place. Merchants and military officers are trained in ways similar to their Georgian counterparts, while border posts are constructed along the southern border with the Damascan Sultanate. In contrast with the Georgians, the Armenians are relatively glad to have Roman rule, as the Damascans directly invaded Armenia and threatened the populace.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1696, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz, Landshut continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Dominic I, aged 37, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Rome, and Bohemia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In domestic news, King Franz-Dominic continues attempting to propagate the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 50% of Bavaro-German secondary speakers in Franken-Sachsen, and uptick of 35% of primary speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 5000 remaining in Saxony, and 5000 in Thuringia. With the Bohemian revolt, Leopold orders that several infrastructure projects be started in Brandenburg and Pomerania instead of Bohemia. The 5000 troops in Bohemia are split and diverted to Osterreich and Brandenburg/Pomerania. 2500 arrive in Osterreich, while 1000 and 1500 arrive in Brandenburg and Pomerania, respectively. The King sends financial and food aid to Austria, and announces that the Bavarian crown will pay for 35% of all infrastructural renovations in Austria, Brandenburg, Pomerania. In royal news, the King's children are: Maria (born 1684). In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In social and political news, the actions of the Bavarian crown in dealing with Austria, Brandenburg, and Pomerania have become widely known and popular. Several scholars at the Isabell University in Munich have labelled the relief efforts as a Restoration. Soon, many people refer to the massive tax cuts, infrastructural reconstructions, and general aid as Restoration. When dealing with the south, many in Bavaria label the restoration as Austrian Reconstruction. Army reforms continue, making substantial progress in modernizing the standing forces, in part by sweeping away feudal levies. In political news, Franz-Dominic I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In cultural news, Wolfgang Diefenbach establishes himself as a prominent European scientist, and immediately sets up a proto-salon in Berlin. In political news, several parliamentary factions spring up in the Curia Bavaria. Several factions are opposed to both the existence of the Curia Austria as well as the latter's call for a larger, country-wide parliament. In other news, Karl, Franz-Dominic's brother, finally has a child, who he names Albert, born in 1694. In cultural news, King Franz-Dominic pays close attention to playwright Heinrich Guttenburg, and in April, invites him to Trausnitz to perform Phädra. The showing occurs successfully to a wide audience of nobles and Guttenburg's popularity rises.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law.
    • Grand Duchy of Franken-Sachsen: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I, aged 37, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Leopold normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Duchy of Neustadt: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The ports of Fehmarn are expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Osterreich (Austria) in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. King Leopold orders that 5000 troops be sent to Austria to standby. Food and financial aid is sent to Austria, primarily to Vienna and surrounding cities. Furthermore, Leopold sends messengers to Vienna officials noting that the Bavarian crown will be paying for 50% of all Vienna-based infrastructure projects. He also notes that the taxes of the Austrian populace will be moderately lowered, lower than pre-war levels, in the face of the devastation of the war. He also announces aid will be increased over the next few years. In early 1667, an Austrian scholar and merchant, named Karl Manzkari, establishes a trade outpost in Vienna. Initially attracting local merchants, it soon amasses a large array of traders, mostly from northern Austria. In 1668, Karl Manzkari establishes a much smaller outpost in another section of Vienna, hoping to attract more business. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for King Leopold II.
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 186 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is tentatively popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue to be constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria, and perhaps a large legislature servicing all Bavarian realms, one which would be an Upper house while the Curia Bavaria and Curia Austria would be regional lower houses.
    • Margraviate of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Margrave Albert II, age 36, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Brandenburg in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Albert orders that several infrastructure commissions are created in order to repair the extreme damage to Brandenburg after the war. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Brandenburg. Wolfgang Diefenbach's first scientific meeting in Berlin is successful. The first scientific meeting will occur in 1675. Young Albert is married off to Maria von Hamburg. Margrave Albert II has two children, Karolina (born 1679), and Albert (born 1683). Albert II and Maria have a child this year, who they name Albert.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Ballard, age 56, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Pomerania in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Franz-Ballard orders that several repairs commence on the several ports in Pomerania, including heavy repairs on the main ports. This is done to revitalize trade, commerce and transport as soon as possible. Later on, Leopold and Franz-Ballard plan on touring Pomerania in order to make it known that he holds no ill will for any Pomeranian. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Pomerania. Mary of Pomerania is married to Henry von Hamburg in a matrilineal match, so children would be under the Wittelsbach dynasty. Franz-Ballard, knowing he is unable to produce children, and does not care much for another marriage, declares Mary to be his heir. Princess Mary and Henry von Hamburg have a daughter in 1687, who they name Margaret. Princess Mary has a son this year, who she names Franz-Heinrich.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, and Berlin. Adalbert Völcher, Edmund von Rot-Pferd, and Markus-Paul Ehrbach are among the most prominent merchants and leaders in the RBSC.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. Knyaz-Namestnik Fredrik Hohenzollern is named the eventual "Acting Sovereign" by a decision after this year's Grand Summit, when they decided who would take oin the Responsibilities of the 68-year old Supreme Duchess in the eventual case of her demise. Another thing that came out of this year's Summit is the plan for a connected network of roads to increase communication between all the UK republics. The first steps to build a united road network is begun "To rival that of ancient Rome" at the City of Narva, where the first cobble roads are laid out, and construction begins to connect Pskov, Taalinn, and Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve. This is especially important because the city lies at the border, and the decision to start there only shows co-operations between all states involved. In any case, the situation in Danzig calms a bit. However, tensions remain high. The PIC goes to France to try to purchase the Caroline Islands, the southern of which they were already de facto administering anyway. In any case, Pskovian military and Navy get a slight boost due to the Economic growth occuring. Cash crops in the Americas such as cotton farmed in the Bahamas and Sugar and the like farmed in the Leeward Islands are big commodities in Europe and bring the PIC, and therefore Pskov, profit. Gold is also being mined in Zlatobrezhie which brings profit. Meanwhile, there, many administrators are now local, and Pskov are simply now the higher-ranking officials, already infiltrating the language and high culture, with many wealthy Zlatobrezhians gaining and education in the University of Pskov. The first Academy is opened in Zlatobrezhie, run by the church, and as missionaries continue the work of thse sent before them, stuff happens, and Christianity grows. In any case, some traders set up shop in Senegal for the first time. The Pskovians manage to procure a trade deal with the local governement, and the PIC opens its first branch in the Senegalese capital. From there, they plan on discovering every resource exploitable, this multinational corporations will not elave a single source of income for Pskov untapped. The first meetings with the Etat de Danzig and Croatia to settle the Danzig issue are scheduled for next year. The Events in the Neighbouring Russian states are watched with great intrigue, and a decision is made by the New Veche in a secret session to fund dissent amongst Russians against the tsar, and arm possible "republican" rebels in Novgorod. Much of the support comes from descendants of the Republicans in the Novgorod civil war that fled to Pskov once the civil war in Novgorod was over. Covert agents are sent into Novgorod and some into Moscow to incite crowds against the Tsar. The Events in the Imperial Sea are viewed with much caution, as the PIC debates what to do, In the end, the decision is made to continue trading with everyone, and to pose a position of "armed neutrality" in the conflict. This position is adopted by many members of the Veche, and an act is passed declaring a state of "Readily Armed Neutrality" in the Americas, taking no position, and not firing unless fired upon, and continue to trade regardless of the actions of the parties. In this year's grand summit, the issue of international unity begins to be discussed, To better show unity, a decision is made, and next year it will be executed ...
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti reacts with indifference to the tensions building up in Danzig. "It's not really our problem, let the United Republic deal with it" is the general sentiment to people that either know about it, or are peripherally involved, like the Riigikogu. In any case the military is upgraded with flintlocks and whatnot. The Peaminister of Eesti agrees to meet in Riga, and attends what he dubbed the "Grand Summit".
    • In Latvia, economic dev happens as farming methods are improved, and Pskovina merchants invest in possible future profits. The President of the Seima attends the Grand Summit.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff, the Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit.
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP, and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care of the fate of the "lesser" nobility). In any case, the Prussian army waits at the gates of Danzig, hoping to gain access to the city. However, the French do not let them in, and refuse to give taxes, as Danzig belonging to France is not official in any treaty, but rather de facto. This is due to the change in administration, and the public outcry by the new leader of the Bundestag. In any case, this might actually harm some people, so many Prussians living in cities watch the situation with great care ... or at least try to in the era of information traveling very slowly. The Chancellor attends the Grand Summit.

1697

Trouble in Britannia begins to stir. The identities of several parts of Britain, all of which are incredibly strong, begin cause rifts in the British Parliament. The Scottish, Welsh, and Irish all vie for more say in British politics. This unrest can also be seen in the general population of Britain. As the situation grows more and more dramatic, a crop failure leads to tensions rising even higher as a famine threatens to strike Britannia.

In much better news, the earliest known game of cricket occurs in Britain this year.

YAY!

Intellectuals in northern Germany, Pskov and Scandinavia meet once again, this time in Amsterdam. Several Frenchmen and Spaniards are invited to the meeting as well. They discuss modern philosophy and science among other things.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. Pressure, both economically and militarily, on Aceh to accept protectorate status continues (Turn Two of Five).
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz. Meanwhile, Nuno Manrique de Lara, heir of Pedro V, marries Joana Nunes Cabral, daughter of Fernando VIII Nunes Cabral, Lord of Azurara.
  • Ming China: The Chinese continue to expand their economy and military.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. A few Shinto missionaries from Jejudo help out Japan in Vietnam to bring Shinto there.
  • Empire of Japan (Personal Union With Manchuria): The military/economy is built up. A Japanese colonialist named Yokohama comes to the court of the Emperor Yoshi II. He is tried for disloyalty to the emperor and not worshiping Shinto. He dies after a long, painful, tortuous death. The minorities, as well as unhappy colonists and non-Shinto followers, launch a military coup on the capital. The emperor, a follower of the samurai, had lost a fight with another person. This meant to Yoshi II to commit suicide in a ritual, surrounded by many loyalists. However, as he died without an heir, someone had to become the new one. After some more fighting, the opposition wins and transforms Japan into a monarchal empire, with Yokohama's son Yokohama II, as emperor. However, Due to recent reports that the economy is falling, Emperor Yokohama II is poisoned by bad wine, brought from Spanish merchants. His son, Horiyōshi Yokohama III, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarchs rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised upon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. After exploring north for a couple years to find alternate trade different from Hispania, Japanese and Ainu merchants make first contact with the Kiamukut Band on the Alaskan coast. The merchants did not understand the Inuits well, but they were escorted by fishers to the Grand Chief. As a sign if friendship between them, the merchants offer many gifts to him, being given Inuit food, cloth, shelter, and warmth in return. Because of this troops are sent into the war against the Ming. A few Japanese settlers, looking to become the first contenders in the Alaskan trade, travel north to establish a colony on OTL St Lawrence Island.
    • Ainu (Vassal of Japan): The economy is improved. Trade ships are starting to be built, so the Ainu can trade more with Japan and their companions. Some people, hearing of the Inuits, decide to learn the Kiamukut Bands' language. However, due to the newness and complexity of the language, it will take the learners several hard years of dedication to learn it. Troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • Japanese Manchuria (Colony of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of nine larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs. Troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • Formosa (Vassal of Japan): Economy is improved. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan. Troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • North Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to North Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
    • South Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to South Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
    • Biak: Expands by 20 px.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland through the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Empire continues starting to prepare for another invasion in Cahokie region and Baie d'etoiles as Bayougoulaa has been named (after the king decided it fit his desire) begins to be heavily populated by French, mostly farmers and fur traders, for now small cotton productions continue popping out and growing as well as tobacco plantations in the area of OTL St Francisville called St Louis de Rouge. The colony is divided in three districts, Cahokienne districts (the thin continuous line up north) The Baie d'etoiles district (OTL Bayogoulaa). After several years of relative peace the French Empire prepares for a new war: the invasion of the Nehilaw, the country is fastly mobilized and the navy is prepared to deploy 150,000 soldiers from Europe to meet up with colonial forces (125,000 from Nouvelle Orleans (Colombia), 25,000 from Chateau d'or (French Central America) 20,000 from Jamaica and 30,000 from Rouenelle (Louisiana). We condemn the Invasion of Hesse but desire to remain neutral on the subject for the time, we offer the Westphalian monarchs to take refuge in the kingdom of Rhineland 50,000 mercenaries are sent to the Brussels government as the king sees the change of strengthening the relationship with the Dutch by helping the rebels from Brussels. However, this contingent is unofficial and not much news is spread of this through the empire. The Annexation of Neu Franken is made official under the Name of Nouvelle Artois and the Zollern Islands Renamed Illes Carolinnes. The French began building up their defenses along the river and troops began moving en masse to the Regions of Nouvelle Artois and Rouenelle. The nation is outraged by the Breton assassination, However, the king decides to await for a more favorable time to punish the Breton Killing, The king, however, warns the Bretons and States clearly, "Any further damage to a French citizen in their territory or piracy or any sort of attempted attack at the Kingdom's subjects will be viewed as a war declaration and the rather view towards the Breton that France has kept will change rather quick. Blockades to Breton traders begins in the territories of the French Empire.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The French influx in the southern areas caused by over population of the northern areas of the country (mostly around the capital, Rouen and Nantes) a few regions begin to officially allow French as co-official language while others are still deeply Germanic. While this, throughout the entire country deep cultural change undergoes as the country feels different from the French nations, however, no longer sees itself as a nation under the HRE German influence and has lost respect at their failure to protect them.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.The war troops return as the war ends later on the year. The war ends by the end of the year.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Uprisings begin in Sardinia for further freedom and desire of independence from the French monarchy and the African Kingdom. However, for the time being African peoples influx continue entering the country. The war ends by the end of the year.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The local language in Africa continues growing as most of the population (83% of 1.53 million) the rest speaking some Germanic languages (mostly from Rhenish settlers) with 8%, Arabic with 4% and Sardo-African with 5%.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue to be built to outlying villages and plantations continue to be built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, the establishment of the City as a Vassal of France after the occupation of the city since 1655.
    • Cahokie: The country receives huge numbers of French settlers slowly displacing the local tribes fleeing to other tribal kingdoms in the region. Christianization begins. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. Cedes its southern portion of territory to the colony of Rouenelle. The Western Half of Chahta and Chickasha are annexed by the kingdom, while the rest is rewarded to the Colony of Rouenelle.
  • |onte: Population grows by 50,000 people. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX, interested in the formalism of European laws and nation starts thinking of ways to consolidate |onte, such as a flag, motto, coat of arms, capital, etc. A regimentation of the "gift-based" economy has been noticed by scholars. Though transactions do not occur, per se, it is considered very rude not to reciprocate a gift. However, they need not be of equal value. The knowledge and education in Kunene spread on a slight scale, as authors, story tellers, philosophers and other intelligentsia leave their work out to gain recognition, often taken home by farmers from the countryside, the farmers, who grow far more than they will need, leave their rice in the grain storage. A trend has appeared for women to cover their breasts. However, the trend is mostly confined to Kunene. Mon XI sends his 200,000-strong Eheresito hu |onte to begin mining for diamonds that were recently encountered, greatly boosting the economy, allowing for food imports and the buying of ships. |onte's navy reaches a large size after many years of buying from France
  • Ayutthaya: We continue our influencing of the controlled regions of Laos and Cambodia and we expand our military bases in the area. We do all we can to remove non-Thai ethnicities from the regions and build a large population of Thai people. Roads are expanded linking the new regions and particuarly to our gunpowder producing regions. The roads connecting Lower Dawei with Ayutthaya have been expanded again and many towns and smaller cities start thriving on the busy roads. Military expansion continues on the Ayutthayan Nicobar and we also increase our navy research in an effort to keep up to date. We continue building our relations with Lanka, the Dutch, Japan and Hispania and we also try to increase our trade. Smaller logging camps are made in Lanna where there is an abundance of forest which needs clearing for an expanding population. We also hope that the cleared land will help us produce more farming land. Ayutthaya wishes to see economic growth after having the war with Laos and Cambodia and we continue to try to rebuild our economy. As a result of the war, our post-war industry and military has slightly improved and we now see a majority of units using European based weaponry and about a third now use rifles. The schools of the North and East regions are expanded and we hope that this will bring greater education to the rural areas. We look at developing larger cities in the previous Lanna area so that their population can experience greater technology and become more connected with the government of Ayutthaya. Many people in the new areas of Ayutthaya begin causing fights after government occupation, and as a result we send in police and military to deal with the unstable towns. We also send in aid to any communities affected to show the appreciation the Ayutthayan government has.
  • Hispania: The Kingdom of Spain itself begins to see a small demographical decline as the immigration to colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise. The Spanish nobility even sees a large sort of Decline as many of the younger sons and daughters go to the Spanish colonies as the example has been set by the Royal Familiy. The Commercial reforms for the empire reach completion with a notable increase in the economy as a result. Cape Ferdinand gains further investment as gold, and other raw materials have been discovered of worth within the previously port/trade oriented colony. The royal government continues to develop plans for the eventual reconquest of Hawaii. The Hispanian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more Third rates, and fourth Rates with the occasional Second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets. The Hispanian fleet triumphs over Japan and secures her trade routes. The Empire begins to influence Vorlayacor (Turn Three of Three) using dominant trading power and a near monopoly of Spanish trade to permeate the nation with Spanish influence The Hispanian military begins major reforms using its major surplus in budget to form multiple new armies. The First army is just a reformed domestic force to be based in Spain of almost 40,000 (not all of which is constantly mobilized). The Second is an expansion of the italian force to nearly 25,000 and being renamed to the the Army of Italy. The final force is a force of 10,000 loyal Spaniards in North Africa, forming the Army of North Africa. Emperor Manuel and Heir Apparent Cristo of the Imperial family are killed in a tragic incident in a storm off the coast of Spain prompting the Coronation of the 18 year old Juan II De Habsburg who immediately solodifies his power and the future of the main family by requesting a marriage to Jelena Teodora of Croatia
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army is drawn back to 40,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire or are Spanish cultured. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. Italy continues its economic buildup become a large part of the Spanish economy. The Italians show some minor unrest under the Spanish but the growing Hispanicized populace in Southern Italy is beginning to overtake various cultures within the southern territories. Some cultures such as Sicilian one of the most dominant in Southern Italy have become a closely tied culture with Spanish with a common "Hispanian" Culture beginning to develop in the Historic Kingdom of Naples area as well as farther within Italy now as well.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a  fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The Kingdom of Lombardy continues its development of its armed forces, being aided by a domestic arms industry. The Economy of the kingdom officially becomes fully tied with the empire. The Navy of the kingdom is minor standing at 25 ships. The Military stands at 25,000. Hispanization of Lombardy continues.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavily under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses. The population of Morocco is at an estimated 2.7 million with many being of mixed race or Spanish origin. The Moroccan culture, however, is wholly Spanish. The Moroccan nation sees some emigration from the nation to Spanish colonies but sees no real drain as many of them are Berbers or Mestizos looking for work other than farm work in Morocco.
    • Kingdom of Algiers: With the conquest of Algiers the Moroccan state continues to occupy and pacify Algiers flooding it with new Spaniards as nobles. The Imperial system is established in Algiers and a local force of about 2000 is established and run purely by the Spanish. The economy is obviously weak but begins to be recovered due to inclusion into the Spanish system. The Kingdom of Algiers is established and many Muslim fighters and their families are exiled into the deserts with the government unwilling to deal with the ultra-orthodox or radical Muslims. The Algerian kingdom begins using low class Muslim labor to begin working on canals much like Morocco. With recent history in Morocco many Algerians simply emigrate from the area to avoid wholesale slaughter or forced slave labor. Along with this many begin to convert as Christianity takes dominant presence due to a large Spanish settler class in Algiers of nearly 30,000.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Spain's massive West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Spain and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about two million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had. The Spanish settlers in the Kongo only number about 2000.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.5 million with many living within the Cuba island territory. Morelia officially finishes its expansion having nowhere else to go. Its armed forces reach force of about 5000 Colonial Spaniards supplied by the Spanish from home.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand. The mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha - a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha drops to barely six million as the disease has ravaged the massive nearly untouched indian community in the western states. This has a massive impact as the vulnerability of the natives is considered a breaking point for the Spanish attempts to recruit them for a labor force.
    • Zapoteca: The Protectorate of Zapoteca after years of expanding begins the major integration of the new territories looking to integrate them fully. With a population of about four million Zapoteca re-arms its military into a force of about 40,000. Zapoteca also begins to consider Redistricting with more authority over Tenocha being granted while Itzapam is ceded to Morealia. The Zapotecan fleet is expanded further and a coastal highway is built up and connected with roads in Tenocha. Zapoteca boasts a large Mestizo population but also maintains a moderately sized New World born Spanish population which administrates a good amount of the Zapotecan territories
    • Mission of New Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the unorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the unorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezian military is Raised to nearly 25,000 from its new Italian territories and exiles all Germans/Austrians from the territory only leaving Italians and Hispanians (Hispanicized Italians) Venezia continues its integration of the new territory. Venezia continues on a massive path toward hispanicization.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 75,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy - in order to expand the food supply of the large colony - expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. New Spain reaches a population of nearly 4.3 million and growing through immigration and domestic growth as well as inclusion of hispanicized natives and unhispanicized natives. The Viceroyalty with full authority of the Emperor issues a series of land grants to respectable people along the Interior territories and along the West Coast of the continent throughout Chile, this puts the Mapuche and Chilean territories officially under control of New Spain. With this inclusion the vast new tracts of territory begin to be settled further to expand existing internal cities. Along with this the attractiveness of Cash cropping leads many to take out loans from the Royal Bank in New Spain which begins the development of further cash croppingsuch as cotton, yerba mate, wheat, barley, grapes, and a host of other cash crops keeping the crops on a rotationary cycle in order to keep prices in a fluctuation over the years and for field rejuvenation.
    • Vorlayacor: The Nation of Vorlayacor is officially brought back into the Empire with a population of 1.3 million, a Solid Spanish built navy, and now military access to the Colonial Military Authority. The Local ruler is left in his position and is granted as the Governor of Vorlayacor given a Spanish advisor and nearly 5000 of New Spain's colonial militia to establish solid Spanish control of the territory. Many see this as an affront as Vorlayacor was forced into its current position through Imperialist Spaniards. Regardless now with cheaper goods being part of the empire than being outside of it, the Vorlayacoran populace is relatively passive. Many border restrictions are eased in regards to New Spain and Vorlayacor to encourage some White immigration to the area to form the core of a new white settler population here. Fleet is expanded to about 20 ships. The Military is a force sent from New Spain acting as the military force for the nation.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand rises to 120,000 colonists as many new settlers arrive due to the investment. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 75 px. Settlers along the Orange River begin an ambitious irrigation project. The Orange River settlers begin to mine diamonds. The Colony itself begins to see a notable growth of its Agricultural centers becoming a decent exporter of Agricultural goods. Along with this a rather unorthodox product has come about. Zulu soldiers previously hired out and trained as colonial troops have come some of South Africas most loyal and vehement supporters of Spain and here empire seeing her as the Bringers of Civilization, and with the wide adoption of Christianity among many Zulu peoples has led to them becoming a rather accepted demographic in the society of the Colony. This however has led to relative tension as Zulu and Colonial troops are forced to take extremely harsh measures against other natives. This leads to the creation of the Zulu only policy, set on making Zulus the only Black Demographic in South africa with significant populations in proportion to White Spaniards.
    • Viceroyalty of New Granada: The Viceroyalty of New Granada sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 100 px. The colony's population expands to around 410,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the city of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 35,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco City. New Granada begins seeing some native resistance but forces many out in favor of settlers, Some native groups, however, seem rather keen on assimilation with the Spaniards adopting Spanish culture, Spanish language, and in some cases marrying Spanish men, and working for Spanish people. With life on the frontier rather hard, the Spaniards have great welcome for cheaper workers who are willing to adopt all aspects of Spanish culture. Taking a cue from the conquests of territory in New Spain by the natives, the Colonial forces here use a divide and conquer strategy pitting some native tribes against each other and then eliminating the survivors. New Granada with its various mountains and with some territory in the valley secured, begins to implement the learned inca method of terrace farming which is standard even in Spain at this point. The farming in general begins to show promise as surplus yields begins to show. The Forests in the area begin to be cut for ship building which quickly picks up as various Spanish trade companies and even the highly militarized Spanish Asian companies begins picking up on these developing the local economy into something impressive. Various cash crops also begin to be grown - most particularly cotton and now Grapes as well as the hybrid grape is bred and planted.
    • Philippines: Spain continues to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. Investment from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Philippines officially becomes the hub of the Spanish military in Asia. 2500 troops from the Philippines (most of them Spanish) are deployed to Burma to crush the revolt. Talks of turning the Philippines into a Crown Viceroyalty go underway. The Philippines shows notable Spanish settlement with nearly 3000 Spaniards living on the islands, mostly in Manila.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy. The protectorate of Oyo expands its armed forces to nearly 20,000 all made up of some of the minorities in the area and led by Spanish officers. A large community of Spaniards begins to develop on in the protectorate with about 3000 people between Spaniards, and Hispanicized Italians living along the coast.
    • East African Protectorates: The military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe. The potential division of the EAP is proposed with Madagasikara, Maputo, and Mozambika becoming three separate entities within the Empire. This decision shows a great deal of support as the decentralized nature of the current governmental force has become a major issue in dealing with the three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port. The company navy along with Madras maintains nearly 70 ships for personal use 20 of these being top-of-the-line warships. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambhat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 150,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Greater Cochin: The Protectorate of Greater Cochin is formed following the revolt of the noble and with this the nobility more or less are forced to give up their titles. They are all more or less replaced with a Spanish aristocracy which now run the country. With this the unification of Dawei and Shan under Cochin the new state begins an aggressive integrationist policy. The Sepoya troops in Cochin are expanded to nearly 8000 and the economic policies are used to increase the productivity of the territory. The Greater Cochin area now houses nearly 1000 Spanish marines now using it as a major base of operations in the region.
    • Shanghai: The city of Shanghai - due to its presence on the mainland of China proper - becomes a massive economic and trade port for the empire only just a few years but with direct access to Chinese goods coveted by Europe a huge volume of trade ships numbering in the hundreds flood the port purchasing the goods and transporting them across the Pacific via Spain global trade route. Shanghai hears of the first potential immunization for smallpox via Chinese texts and begins looking into it. The Sepoya troops of Shanghai are officially drawn down to about 5000 for the time being with it being split with a Japanese force and a Shanghaian Force of about 2500 apiece both led by Spanish officers and troops. Shanghai is named the headquarters of the overseas South China Sea Company and manages to secure 500 elite Spaniard troops to guard the interest in China. The newly built trade port of Heian is put under Shanghai's operational umbrella on the island of Hainan.
    • Qingdao: Qingdao - due to further distance - is set up as another South China Sea Company ruled territory and the good from the area are used to attract traders here as well. This is done to prevent the city of Shanghai being the only major Spanish Chinese port. The company invests into a force of about 1000 to hold the city and now about 30 top-of-the-line ships.
    • New Aragon: New Aragon is officially established as an independent viceroyalty with the discovery of another organized state in Australia with plans to begin expansion around 1700. The Areas shows a large influx of Spanish military settlers looking to keep any hostility down on the continent of Australia. The Force here is at about 300 with a grand total population of about 2000. The emerging importance of this territory becomes increasingly important as New Aragon is given ten top-of-the-line ships, and about 500 marines to keep the area a major territory of Spanish influence. New Aragon begins considering the opening up of a new Colony on the now named Continent of Australia.
  • The Kiatagmiut Band starts to become innundated with influences from our West (the OTL Orient). With more and more contact with the Nivkhs than ever before and starting to experience the Japanese culture, Aklaq officially places emphasis on the introduction of the written language. Work begins to start writing down all records and historical records, starting with the Lavkar Reforms and our religious mythology. Trade and domestication continue, as well. We expand some more into the Kaialigamiut Band and along Nuniwar.
  • Grand Croatian Bajanate (Veliki Hrvatski Bajanat): Military turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Bajanate. With growing Ragusan influence, and the begining of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory. The marriage offer of Hispania is accepted and Jelena Teodora Nelipić is to be married to Juan II De Habsburg.
    • ​Banate of Croatia: Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined.
    • Polish Banate (Poljski Banat): The Polish Banate grows relatively independently, although a part of the Bajanate, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Ban is elected by it while the Bajan only confirms him.
    • Czech Banate (Češki Banat): The Banate recovers from the Idiocracy's rule and many nobles gain more power in the nation.
    • Podbanate of Silesia (Šlezijski Podbanat): The Podbanate's natural resources are highly sought in the rest of the Bajanate which leads to economic growth.
    • Podbanate of Dahomej (Podbanat Dahomej): The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Podbanate of Carantania (Podbanat Karantanska): Croatization continues, starting with removing any pro-Austrian threats. The idea that Carantania is Slavic since the Carantanian Slavic tribe settled there spreads and is used to bring the Podbanate closer to the Banate.
    • Isles of the Grand Bajanate: The infrastructure is built up.
    • Carantanian Island (Karantanski Otok): The colony expands by 750 sq km.
  • Mangut Nivkhgu: expands 10,000 sq km on Kamchatka.
  • The Cherokee Nation and the Shawana Nation: The Cherokee wages war against the Creek. General Galegenoh and Prince Sequoyah fight alongside the Romans against the Creek. The war is predicted to be over soon, and King Degataga sends orders to his son to deliver the head of the Creek king to the Chief of the Koasati. As the year ends, Prince Waya and Princess Ama arrive in the Shawana capital, and the lead the dead King's funeral services. A month after the funeral the royal couple are formally declared the King and Queen of the Shawana nation. The Cherokee and Shawana rejoice, and the Shawana send some military aid to the Cherokee to help them fight the Creek. King Waya and Queen Ama begin to plan for taking the Shawana people forward.
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: Modernization continues, with numerous European immigrants accelerating technological advancements. Much of the upper class now speaks French in addition to Cree, and interest in French culture and food grows. Meanwhile, farmers in northern areas finish domesticating captured musk oxen, in order to replace cattle, which generally die in huge numbers every winter. Nomadic herding, of reindeer, musk oxen and horses, increases in importance. Tsicha continues to be produced. The addition of certain herbs gives it hallucinogenic properties, making it far more popular than previously. The military grows, especially the navy. Cavalry increases in importance, while the navy and merchant marine reach a far larger size and efficiency from years of purchase, both from France and on the black market. Nehilaw traders plan a massive voyage to reach Europe for the first time, but this will probably not occur for some time, due to the logistics. Fishing continues to expand its importance to the Nehilaw economy, especially the massive cod fisheries off Newfoundland. Fishermen there come into contact with Croatian settlers, to general surprise. Fishermen build a seasonal fishing camp on the island of Igulik (OTL Belle Isle). Several fishermen stay over the winter this year. Musk oxen are transported to the island to sustain them, and soon multiply. The Nehilaw begin a major program of expansion to fill in the enclave of unsettled territory, expanding into it as much as possible.
    • Chippewa: The economy improves while numerous Crees immigrate.
    • Mackinac: The economy improves.
    • Odawa: The economy improves.
    • Chisasibi: The economy improves.
    • North Ojibwe: The economy improves.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1697, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz, Landshut continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Dominic I, aged 38, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Rome, and Bohemia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In domestic news, King Franz-Dominic continues attempting to propagate the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 50% of Bavaro-German secondary speakers in Franken-Sachsen, and uptick of 35% of primary speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 5000 remaining in Saxony, and 5000 in Thuringia. With the Bohemian revolt, Leopold orders that several infrastructure projects be started in Brandenburg and Pomerania instead of Bohemia. The 5000 troops in Bohemia are split and diverted to Osterreich and Brandenburg/Pomerania. 2500 arrive in Osterreich, while 1000 and 1500 arrive in Brandenburg and Pomerania, respectively. The King sends financial and food aid to Austria, and announces that the Bavarian crown will pay for 35% of all infrastructural renovations in Austria, Brandenburg, Pomerania. In royal news, the King's children are: Maria (born 1684). In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In social and political news, the actions of the Bavarian crown in dealing with Austria, Brandenburg, and Pomerania have become widely known and popular. Several scholars at the Isabell University in Munich have labelled the relief efforts as a Restoration. Soon, many people refer to the massive tax cuts, infrastructural reconstructions, and general aid as Restoration. When dealing with the south, many in Bavaria label the restoration as Austrian Reconstruction. Army reforms continue, making substantial progress in modernizing the standing forces, in part by sweeping away feudal levies. In political news, Franz-Dominic I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In cultural news, Wolfgang Diefenbach establishes himself as a prominent European scientist, and immediately sets up a proto-salon in Berlin. In political news, several parliamentary factions spring up in the Curia Bavaria. Several factions are opposed to both the existence of the Curia Austria as well as the latter's call for a larger, country-wide parliament. In other news, Karl, Franz-Dominic's brother, finally has a child, who he names Albert, born in 1694. In cultural news, King Franz-Dominic pays close attention to playwright Heinrich Guttenburg, and in April, invites him to Trausnitz to perform Phädra. The showing occurs successfully to a wide audience of nobles and Guttenburg's popularity rises.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law.
    • Grand Duchy of Franken-Sachsen: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I, aged 37, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Leopold normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Duchy of Neustadt: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The ports of Fehmarn are expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Osterreich (Austria) in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. King Leopold orders that 5000 troops be sent to Austria to standby. Food and financial aid is sent to Austria, primarily to Vienna and surrounding cities. Furthermore, Leopold sends messengers to Vienna officials noting that the Bavarian crown will be paying for 50% of all Vienna-based infrastructure projects. He also notes that the taxes of the Austrian populace will be moderately lowered, lower than pre-war levels, in the face of the devastation of the war. He also announces aid will be increased over the next few years. In early 1667, an Austrian scholar and merchant, named Karl Manzkari, establishes a trade outpost in Vienna. Initially attracting local merchants, it soon amasses a large array of traders, mostly from northern Austria. In 1668, Karl Manzkari establishes a much smaller outpost in another section of Vienna, hoping to attract more business. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for King Leopold II.
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 186 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is tentatively popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue to be constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria, and perhaps a large legislature servicing all Bavarian realms, one which would be an Upper house while the Curia Bavaria and Curia Austria would be regional lower houses.
    • Margraviate of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Margrave Albert II, age 37, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Brandenburg in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Albert orders that several infrastructure commissions are created in order to repair the extreme damage to Brandenburg after the war. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Brandenburg. Wolfgang Diefenbach's first scientific meeting in Berlin is successful. The first scientific meeting will occur in 1675. Young Albert is married off to Maria von Hamburg. Margrave Albert II has two children, Karolina (born 1679), and Albert (born 1683). Albert II and Maria have a child this year, who they name Albert.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duke Franz-Ballard, age 57, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Pomerania in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Franz-Ballard orders that several repairs commence on the several ports in Pomerania, including heavy repairs on the main ports. This is done to revitalize trade, commerce and transport as soon as possible. Later on, Leopold and Franz-Ballard plan on touring Pomerania in order to make it known that he holds no ill will for any Pomeranian. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Pomerania. Mary of Pomerania is married to Henry von Hamburg in a matrilineal match, so children would be under the Wittelsbach dynasty. Franz-Ballard, knowing he is unable to produce children, and does not care much for another marriage, declares Mary to be his heir. Princess Mary and Henry von Hamburg have a daughter in 1687, who they name Margaret. Princess Mary has a son this year, who she names Franz-Heinrich. In tragic news, Franz-Ballard comes down with a case of botulism and dies in 1697. His daughter Mary takes the reins as Duchess Mary.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, and Berlin. Adalbert Völcher, Edmund von Rot-Pferd, and Markus-Paul Ehrbach are among the most prominent merchants and leaders in the RBSC.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to prosper in this time of peace. The economy continues to grow as the trade networks across the Empire become more solidified and trade networks outside of the Empire continue to expand, particularly in eastern Asia and Borealia. The military and the navy continues to train, practice, and learn new techniques as they are discovered. The military eventually rises to about 200,000 trained soldiers, although not all of those soldiers are on duty all the time for economic concerns. Troops of all ethnicities are trained to keep the army diverse and the ethnic groups unified. The various Archonates continue to be integrated with new infrastructure, new trade connections, and a newly increasing sense of Roman "identity." Some expansionists begin to wonder why Egypt has not yet been added to the Empire as a full Archonate yet, although the Emperor assures them that it will happen. The reign of John IX has been relatively peaceful and prosperous, with minimal incidents. An attempted overthrow happened, but that was short and rapidly crushed by the army. The policy toward the Turks, numbering about two million out of an Empire of 23 million, remains the same, and a few hundred to a thousand Turks are estimated to leave the Empire each year. Cities like Ancyra, Nicaea and Ephesus continue to grow, further fortifying Roman control over western Anatolia. Military outposts along the border with the Damascan Sultanate are constructed and fortified, as the Emperor notices that there are now no buffer states between the two rising powers. Influence in vassal states continues to grow, and the Roman political and economic sphere continues to expand and consolidate its gains. The offer of the Cherokee is accepted, and Cherokee ambassadors are invited to Reme to discuss what they have planned.
    • Reme: The colony continues to prosper from the growth of cash crops and their export. Along with the native issue, some troops and militia as well as allied natives join in the fight to defeat the raiders and conquer their lairs. The native states are defeated and their lands placed under military occupation pending an increase of relations and better governance. Expands in the north by 20 pixels. The issues with the pirates begins to come to the attention of the colonial government, and steps are taken in order to cut down on piracy, including increased patrols. Increasing bureaucracy in the colonies is careful to facilitate cordial relations between the natives and colonists. Economic growth, particularly in Antillia, drive the colonization process further. Cooperation with the natives increases to further protect the mainland colonies, while better fortifications and shipyards are constructed in order to better protect the colonies.
    • Egypt: Egypt begins to recover from the war. With almost all of the Muslim inhabited lands of the state stripped from it, Egypt is now mostly Christian, although the rights of the Muslims remaining are not infringed upon. Food begins to be grown again, and this helps the population recover from ages of war. The Roman military garrison largely maintains order, while a 25,000 man Egyptian force is trained to help protect the nation and the canal. The Grigius family returns from Greece to rule over Egypt once again, and they are met with some enthusiasm. The previous royal family is deposed from ruling but they are not harmed and are allowed to maintain their nobility, as relatives to the current king. Other nobles who were loyal keep their nobility, and commoners who remained loyal to Rome are given nobility and automatic citizenship. As the population continues to grow, it centers around the cities of Alexandria, Damietta, Luxor, and the newly refounded Berenice. Alexandria becomes a shining city on the banks of the sea and the Nile, and it is widely admired. Berenice is growing well, and the trade from India and China makes the city expand much more quickly. Large ships are sent around the Cape of Africa to serve as trade ships at Berenice. The population still remains mostly agricultural at this time. The revolt of the border town is easily put down by the military occupation force, but the lesson of the revolt is not lost on the Occupation Force and most of the Imperial government. Steps are taken to prevent or otherwise cut off revolts when they start, and as such some of the cultural laws and ideas initiated in the previous period of Roman rule are to be restored, with the rest restored over time. With the problems of the canal, the Roman military occupation and the native Egyptian military set up patrols along sections of the canal to ensure that raids are not too damaging. At the same time, the military tries to pinpoint the origins of these raids and take them out at the root. Military and economic growth and stability is the next major project for the Egyptian government. Egyptian officers are trained at military academies in Roman cities such as Constantinople, Adrianople and Sparta while Egyptian merchants are invested in and trained by Roman merchants. By now, most of the institutions of the Egyptian state have been rebuilt to some degree and are firmly integrated with their Roman counterparts.
    • Georgia: The Roman military occupation is largely frowned upon by the locals. However, the locals do approve of some aspects. They do approve of Roman occupation rather than Damascan occupation, and the fact that the Bagrationi Dynasty still rules earns some decent respect for Roman authority. Roman authorities work with the Bagrationi Dynasty to help bring improvements to the region and its people. Infrastructure is repaired from the war and new roads and buildings are constructed to benefit both the occupation and the native people. To help earn the loyalty of the native population, the Laz people, related to the Georgians themselves, are persuaded to gradually move from their homeland in northern Anatolia to join their brothers in Georgia. The existing Georgian navy is enrolled into the Imperial Navy while new Georgian merchants and military officers are enrolled in education programs to better integrate them with existing Imperial systems.
    • Armenia: The country of Armenia faces a bit of a problem. The Roman occupation force, as a general precaution, did not allow the Bragationi family remain in control of both Armenia and Georgia. As such, the need for a royal was the first challenge to be addressed. After much consideration in the Imperial court of Constantinople, it is decided that the Lusignan Dynasty of former Cyprus and Armenian Cicilia will take the throne, as some yet still live in Constantinople and have displayed considerable loyalty to the Empire a few decades after the fall of Cyprus. The new dynasty is enthroned on New Years Day, and the new king and the Roman occupation force begin eagerly in making Armenia a safe and prosperous place. Merchants and military officers are trained in ways similar to their Georgian counterparts, while border posts are constructed along the southern border with the Damascan Sultanate. In contrast with the Georgians, the Armenians are relatively glad to have Roman rule, as the Damascans directly invaded Armenia and threatened the populace.
  • Wu China: Military improves as we prepare for more war. Renovation to our navy and capital are taken place.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy of Scandinavia expands as gold pours into the Baltics. Ports in key trading areas are renovated this year. The population spike seen last year continues into this year. Scandinavia's population increases drastically. Plays in Stockholm and Oslo occur this year as celebrations in Scandinavia to commemorate the successes of King Kristoffer II. Search parties this year search for the Winter Palace, which has been lost for over thirty years now. They come back empty-handed. Scandinavia works on creating sails for their ships. Scandinavian ships are among the most heavily armored in Europe, mostly due to ice. The construction of the ships, however, allow for the ships to take a large amount of cannon fire as well as damage from ice.
    • Helluland: The economy is established.
    • Huronsmark: The economy is improved.
    • Iceland: The economy is improved.
    • Jansylvania: The economy is expanded.
    • Karelia: The economy expands.
    • New Gotland: The economy expands.
    • Schleswig: The economy is expanded.
    • Sjösmark: The economy is expanded this year as new rifles make it to Sjösmark.
    • Strombek: The economy is expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km.
    • Vinland: The economy is expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. Knyaz-Namestnik Fredrik Hohenzollern is named the eventual "Acting Sovereign" by a decision after this year's Grand Summit, when they decided who would take oin the Responsibilities of the 68-year old Supreme Duchess in the eventual case of her demise. Another thing that came out of this year's Summit is the plan for a connected network of roads to increase communication between all the UK republics. The first steps to build a united road network is begun "To rival that of ancient Rome" at the City of Narva, where the first cobble roads are laid out, and construction begins to connect Pskov, Taalinn, and Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve. This is especially important because the city lies at the border, and the decision to start there only shows co-operations between all states involved. In any case, the situation in Danzig calms a bit. However, tensions remain high. The PIC goes to France to try to purchase the Caroline Islands, the southern of which they were already de facto administering anyway. In any case, Pskovian military and Navy get a slight boost due to the Economic growth occuring. Cash crops in the Americas such as cotton farmed in the Bahamas and Sugar and the like farmed in the Leeward Islands are big commodities in Europe and bring the PIC, and therefore Pskov, profit. Gold is also being mined in Zlatobrezhie which brings profit. Meanwhile, there, many administrators are now local, and Pskov are simply now the higher-ranking officials, already infiltrating the language and high culture, with many wealthy Zlatobrezhians gaining and education in the University of Pskov. The first Academy is opened in Zlatobrezhie, run by the church, and as missionaries continue the work of thse sent before them, stuff happens, and Christianity grows. In any case, some traders set up shop in Senegal for the first time. The Pskovians manage to procure a trade deal with the local governement, and the PIC opens its first branch in the Senegalese capital. From there, they plan on discovering every resource exploitable, this multinational corporations will not elave a single source of income for Pskov untapped. The first meetings with the Etat de Danzig and Croatia to settle the Danzig issue are scheduled for next year. The Events in the Neighbouring Russian states are watched with great intrigue, and a decision is made by the New Veche in a secret session to fund dissent amongst Russians against the tsar, and arm possible "republican" rebels in Novgorod. Much of the support comes from descendants of the Republicans in the Novgorod civil war that fled to Pskov once the civil war in Novgorod was over. Covert agents are sent into Novgorod and some into Moscow to incite crowds against the Tsar. The Events in the Imperial Sea are viewed with much caution, as the PIC debates what to do, In the end, the decision is made to continue trading with everyone, and to pose a position of "armed neutrality" in the conflict. This position is adopted by many members of the Veche, and an act is passed declaring a state of "Readily Armed Neutrality" in the Americas, taking no position, and not firing unless fired upon, and continue to trade regardless of the actions of the parties. In this year's grand summit, the issue of international unity begins to be discussed, To better show unity, a decision is made, and next year it will be executed ...
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti reacts with indifference to the tensions building up in Danzig. "It's not really our problem, let the United Republic deal with it" is the general sentiment to people that either know about it, or are peripherally involved, like the Riigikogu. In any case the military is upgraded with flintlocks and whatnot. The Peaminister of Eesti agrees to meet in Riga, and attends what he dubbed the "Grand Summit".
    • In Latvia, economic dev happens as farming methods are improved, and Pskovina merchants invest in possible future profits. The President of the Seima attends the Grand Summit.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff, the Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit.
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP, and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care of the fate of the "lesser" nobility). In any case, the Prussian army waits at the gates of Danzig, hoping to gain access to the city. However, the French do not let them in, and refuse to give taxes, as Danzig belonging to France is not official in any treaty, but rather de facto. This is due to the change in administration, and the public outcry by the new leader of the Bundestag. In any case, this might actually harm some people, so many Prussians living in cities watch the situation with great care ... or at least try to in the era of information traveling very slowly. The Chancellor attends the Grand Summit.

1698

The rifts in Britain between the different factions continue to grow. A famine strikes this year, resulting in a massive blow to Britain’s economy. Tensions in Parliament are reaching a breaking point.

Rumors of dodos in Sri Lanka lead to a search for these specimen. The searches turn up false and the dodo is, once and for all, classified as ‘extinct.’

The dodo isn't extinct, I saved a bunch of them in a zoo many years ago. - Mscoree

Could you link us to evidence? I tried ctrl+f "dodo" and didn't find anything except for Scandinavia mentioning them. -Sky

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their militaries. Pressure on Aceh to accept Protectorate status continues, using Dutch expansion in the region as pretext (Turn Three of Five).
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz. Meanwhile, Joana Nunes Cabral gives birth to a girl who is named Urraca.
  • Manchu Empire (Personal Union With Japan): With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Horiyōshi Yokohama III succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy, therefore importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchase battleships from Japan and build up our navy. As the war continues, Manchu forces reach the outskirts of Mukden and after a major battle, the city is captured. Meanwhile, total domination over the Yellow Sea is maintained and Ming are largely driven off in the North[Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Hailar Khaganate: With the defeat of the guerrilla forces in Hailar, Manchu control over the state was set up. The Emperor Qing Fúlín Shùnzhì, appointed Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon as the Governor of the state who in turn introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Mangut Nivkh Tribes[Mil/Eco Turn]
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. A few Shinto missionaries from Jejudo help out Japan in Vietnam to bring Shinto there.
  • Ayutthaya: We continue our influencing of the controlled regions of Laos and Cambodia and we expand our military bases in the area. We do all we can to remove non-Thai ethnicities from the regions and build a large population of Thai people. Roads are expanded linking the new regions and particuarly to our gunpowder producing regions. The roads connecting Lower Dawei with Ayutthaya have been expanded again and many towns and smaller cities start thriving on the busy roads. Military expansion continues on the Ayutthayan Nicobar and we also increase our navy research in an effort to keep up to date. We continue building our relations with Lanka, the Dutch, Japan and Hispania and we also try to increase our trade. Smaller logging camps are made in Lanna where there is an abundance of forest which needs clearing for an expanding population. We also hope that the cleared land will help us produce more farming land. Ayutthaya wishes to see economic growth after having the war with Laos and Cambodia and we continue to try to rebuild our economy. As a result of the war, our post-war industry and military has slightly improved and we now see a majority of units using European based weaponry and about a third now use rifles. The schools of the North and East regions are expanded and we hope that this will bring greater education to the rural areas. We look at developing larger cities in the previous Lanna area so that their population can experience greater technology and become more connected with the government of Ayutthaya. Many people in the new areas of Ayutthaya begin causing fights after government occupation, and as a result we send in police and military to deal with the unstable towns. We also send in aid to any communities affected to show the appreciation the Ayutthayan government has.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The military expands this year as military forts undergo renovations, some of them in states of disrepair, especially in northern Sweden and Norway. With the renovations come new ships; a new frigate is rolled out of the shipyards this year. Public education in Scandinavia continues to become more and more commonplace as reforms sweep through urban areas. The literacy rate in Scandinavia is at the 48% mark. The population continues to experience a massive swell this year, bringing Scandinavia's population to the 7 million mark.
    • Helluland: The military is established.
    • Huronsmark: The military is improved.
    • Iceland: The military is improved.
    • Jansylvania: The military is expanded.
    • Karelia: The military expands.
    • New Gotland: The military expands.
    • Schleswig: The military is expanded.
    • Sjösmark: The military is expanded.
    • Strombek: The military is expanded. Strombek expands by 5000 sq km.
    • Vinland: The military is expanded. Vinland expands by 5000 sq km.
  • Grand Croatian Bajanate (Veliki Hrvatski Bajanat): Economy turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Bajanate. With growing Ragusan influence, and the begining of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory.
    • ​Banate of Croatia: Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined.
    • Polish Banate (Poljski Banat): The Polish Banate grows relatively independently, although a part of the Bajanate, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Ban is elected by it while the Bajan only confirms him.
    • Czech Banate (Češki Banat): The Banate recovers from the Idiocracy's rule and many nobles gain more power in the nation.
    • Podbanate of Silesia (Šlezijski Podbanat): The Podbanate's natural resources are highly sought in the rest of the Bajanate which leads to economic growth.
    • Podbanate of Dahomej (Podbanat Dahomej): The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Podbanate of Carantania (Podbanat Karantanska): Croatization continues, starting with removing any pro-Austrian threats. The idea that Carantania is Slavic since the Carantanian Slavic tribe settled there spreads and is used to bring the Podbanate closer to the Banate.
    • Isles of the Grand Bajanate: The infrastructure is built up.
    • Carantanian Island (Karantanski Otok): The colony expands by 750 sq km.
  • Ming China: The Chinese continue to expand their economy and military.
  • Hispania: The Kingdom of Spain itself begins to see a small demographical decline as the immigration to colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise. The Spanish nobility even sees a large sort of Decline as many of the younger sons and daughters go to the Spanish colonies as the example has been set by the Royal Familiy. The Commercial reforms for the empire reach completion with a notable increase in the economy as a result. Cape Ferdinand gains further investment as gold, and other raw materials have been discovered of worth within the previously port/trade oriented colony. The royal government continues to develop plans for the eventual reconquest of Hawaii. The Hispanian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more Third rates, and fourth Rates with the occasional Second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets. The Hispanian fleet triumphs over Japan and secures her trade routes. The Empire begins to influence Vorlayacor (Turn Three of Three) using dominant trading power and a near monopoly of Spanish trade to permeate the nation with Spanish influence The Hispanian military begins major reforms using its major surplus in budget to form multiple new armies. The First army is just a reformed domestic force to be based in Spain of almost 40,000 (not all of which is constantly mobilized). The Second is an expansion of the italian force to nearly 25,000 and being renamed to the the Army of Italy. The final force is a force of 10,000 loyal Spaniards in North Africa, forming the Army of North Africa. Emperor Juan II has his first Child, looking much like his father he is named Juan III
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army is drawn back to 40,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire or are Spanish cultured. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. Italy continues its economic buildup become a large part of the Spanish economy. The Italians show some minor unrest under the Spanish but the growing Hispanicized populace in Southern Italy is beginning to overtake various cultures within the southern territories. Some cultures such as Sicilian one of the most dominant in Southern Italy have become a closely tied culture with Spanish with a common "Hispanian" Culture beginning to develop in the Historic Kingdom of Naples area as well as farther within Italy now as well.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a  fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The Kingdom of Lombardy continues its development of its armed forces, being aided by a domestic arms industry. The Economy of the kingdom officially becomes fully tied with the empire. The Navy of the kingdom is minor standing at 25 ships. The Military stands at 25,000. Hispanization of Lombardy continues.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavily under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses. The population of Morocco is at an estimated 2.7 million with many being of mixed race or Spanish origin. The Moroccan culture, however, is wholly Spanish. The Moroccan nation sees some emigration from the nation to Spanish colonies but sees no real drain as many of them are Berbers or Mestizos looking for work other than farm work in Morocco.
    • Kingdom of Algiers: With the conquest of Algiers the Moroccan state continues to occupy and pacify Algiers flooding it with new Spaniards as nobles. The Imperial system is established in Algiers and a local force of about 2000 is established and run purely by the Spanish. The economy is obviously weak but begins to be recovered due to inclusion into the Spanish system. The Kingdom of Algiers is established and many Muslim fighters and their families are exiled into the deserts with the government unwilling to deal with the ultra-orthodox or radical Muslims. The Algerian kingdom begins using low class Muslim labor to begin working on canals much like Morocco. With recent history in Morocco many Algerians simply emigrate from the area to avoid wholesale slaughter or forced slave labor. Along with this many begin to convert as Christianity takes dominant presence due to a large Spanish settler class in Algiers of nearly 30,000.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Spain's massive West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Spain and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about two million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had. The Spanish settlers in the Kongo only number about 2000.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.5 million with many living within the Cuba island territory. Morelia officially finishes its expansion having nowhere else to go. Its armed forces reach force of about 5000 Colonial Spaniards supplied by the Spanish from home.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand. The mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha - a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha drops to barely six million as the disease has ravaged the massive nearly untouched indian community in the western states. This has a massive impact as the vulnerability of the natives is considered a breaking point for the Spanish attempts to recruit them for a labor force.
    • Zapoteca: The Protectorate of Zapoteca after years of expanding begins the major integration of the new territories looking to integrate them fully. With a population of about four million Zapoteca re-arms its military into a force of about 40,000. Zapoteca also begins to consider Redistricting with more authority over Tenocha being granted while Itzapam is ceded to Morealia. The Zapotecan fleet is expanded further and a coastal highway is built up and connected with roads in Tenocha. Zapoteca boasts a large Mestizo population but also maintains a moderately sized New World born Spanish population which administrates a good amount of the Zapotecan territories
    • Mission of New Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the unorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the unorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezian military is Raised to nearly 25,000 from its new Italian territories and exiles all Germans/Austrians from the territory only leaving Italians and Hispanians (Hispanicized Italians) Venezia continues its integration of the new territory. Venezia continues on a massive path toward hispanicization.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 75,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy - in order to expand the food supply of the large colony - expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. New Spain reaches a population of nearly 4.3 million and growing through immigration and domestic growth as well as inclusion of hispanicized natives and unhispanicized natives. The Viceroyalty with full authority of the Emperor issues a series of land grants to respectable people along the Interior territories and along the West Coast of the continent throughout Chile, this puts the Mapuche and Chilean territories officially under control of New Spain. With this inclusion the vast new tracts of territory begin to be settled further to expand existing internal cities. Along with this the attractiveness of Cash cropping leads many to take out loans from the Royal Bank in New Spain which begins the development of further cash croppingsuch as cotton, yerba mate, wheat, barley, grapes, and a host of other cash crops keeping the crops on a rotationary cycle in order to keep prices in a fluctuation over the years and for field rejuvenation.
    • Vorlayacor: The Nation of Vorlayacor is officially brought back into the Empire with a population of 1.3 million, a Solid Spanish built navy, and now military access to the Colonial Military Authority. The Local ruler is left in his position and is granted as the Governor of Vorlayacor given a Spanish advisor and nearly 5000 of New Spain's colonial militia to establish solid Spanish control of the territory. Many see this as an affront as Vorlayacor was forced into its current position through Imperialist Spaniards. Regardless now with cheaper goods being part of the empire than being outside of it, the Vorlayacoran populace is relatively passive. Many border restrictions are eased in regards to New Spain and Vorlayacor to encourage some White immigration to the area to form the core of a new white settler population here. Fleet is expanded to about 20 ships. The Military is a force sent from New Spain acting as the military force for the nation.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand rises to 120,000 colonists as many new settlers arrive due to the investment. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 75 px. Settlers along the Orange River begin an ambitious irrigation project. The Orange River settlers begin to mine diamonds. The Colony itself begins to see a notable growth of its Agricultural centers becoming a decent exporter of Agricultural goods. Along with this a rather unorthodox product has come about. Zulu soldiers previously hired out and trained as colonial troops have come some of South Africas most loyal and vehement supporters of Spain and here empire seeing her as the Bringers of Civilization, and with the wide adoption of Christianity among many Zulu peoples has led to them becoming a rather accepted demographic in the society of the Colony. This however has led to relative tension as Zulu and Colonial troops are forced to take extremely harsh measures against other natives. This leads to the creation of the Zulu only policy, set on making Zulus the only Black Demographic in South africa with significant populations in proportion to White Spaniards.
    • Viceroyalty of New Granada: The Viceroyalty of New Granada sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 100 px. The colony's population expands to around 410,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the city of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 35,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco City. New Granada begins seeing some native resistance but forces many out in favor of settlers, Some native groups, however, seem rather keen on assimilation with the Spaniards adopting Spanish culture, Spanish language, and in some cases marrying Spanish men, and working for Spanish people. With life on the frontier rather hard, the Spaniards have great welcome for cheaper workers who are willing to adopt all aspects of Spanish culture. Taking a cue from the conquests of territory in New Spain by the natives, the Colonial forces here use a divide and conquer strategy pitting some native tribes against each other and then eliminating the survivors. New Granada with its various mountains and with some territory in the valley secured, begins to implement the learned inca method of terrace farming which is standard even in Spain at this point. The farming in general begins to show promise as surplus yields begins to show. The Forests in the area begin to be cut for ship building which quickly picks up as various Spanish trade companies and even the highly militarized Spanish Asian companies begins picking up on these developing the local economy into something impressive. Various cash crops also begin to be grown - most particularly cotton and now Grapes as well as the hybrid grape is bred and planted.
    • Philippines: Spain continues to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. Investment from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Philippines officially becomes the hub of the Spanish military in Asia. 2500 troops from the Philippines (most of them Spanish) are deployed to Burma to crush the revolt. Talks of turning the Philippines into a Crown Viceroyalty go underway. The Philippines shows notable Spanish settlement with nearly 3000 Spaniards living on the islands, mostly in Manila.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy. The protectorate of Oyo expands its armed forces to nearly 20,000 all made up of some of the minorities in the area and led by Spanish officers. A large community of Spaniards begins to develop on in the protectorate with about 3000 people between Spaniards, and Hispanicized Italians living along the coast.
    • East African Protectorates: The military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe. The potential division of the EAP is proposed with Madagasikara, Maputo, and Mozambika becoming three separate entities within the Empire. This decision shows a great deal of support as the decentralized nature of the current governmental force has become a major issue in dealing with the three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port. The company navy along with Madras maintains nearly 70 ships for personal use 20 of these being top-of-the-line warships. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambhat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 150,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Greater Cochin: The Protectorate of Greater Cochin is formed following the revolt of the noble and with this the nobility more or less are forced to give up their titles. They are all more or less replaced with a Spanish aristocracy which now run the country. With this the unification of Dawei and Shan under Cochin the new state begins an aggressive integrationist policy. The Sepoya troops in Cochin are expanded to nearly 8000 and the economic policies are used to increase the productivity of the territory. The Greater Cochin area now houses nearly 1000 Spanish marines now using it as a major base of operations in the region.
    • Shanghai: The city of Shanghai - due to its presence on the mainland of China proper - becomes a massive economic and trade port for the empire only just a few years but with direct access to Chinese goods coveted by Europe a huge volume of trade ships numbering in the hundreds flood the port purchasing the goods and transporting them across the Pacific via Spain global trade route. Shanghai hears of the first potential immunization for smallpox via Chinese texts and begins looking into it. The Sepoya troops of Shanghai are officially drawn down to about 5000 for the time being with it being split with a Japanese force and a Shanghaian Force of about 2500 apiece both led by Spanish officers and troops. Shanghai is named the headquarters of the overseas South China Sea Company and manages to secure 500 elite Spaniard troops to guard the interest in China. The newly built trade port of Heian is put under Shanghai's operational umbrella on the island of Hainan.
    • Qingdao: Qingdao - due to further distance - is set up as another South China Sea Company ruled territory and the good from the area are used to attract traders here as well. This is done to prevent the city of Shanghai being the only major Spanish Chinese port. The company invests into a force of about 1000 to hold the city and now about 30 top-of-the-line ships.
    • New Aragon: New Aragon is officially established as an independent viceroyalty with the discovery of another organized state in Australia with plans to begin expansion around 1700. The Areas shows a large influx of Spanish military settlers looking to keep any hostility down on the continent of Australia. The Force here is at about 300 with a grand total population of about 2000. The emerging importance of this territory becomes increasingly important as New Aragon is given the top-of-the-line ships, and about 500 marines to keep the area a major territory of Spanish influence. New Aragon begins considering the opening up of a new Colony on the now named Continent of Australia.
  • The Empire of Britannia: Many ships are modernized and replaced to keep the British Royal Navy a powerful force on the high seas. Port Edmundburg continues to experience a growth in population. The British Navy continues the construction of frigates and galleons. Plans to upgrade other parts of the navy are continued. Port William expands 1000 sq km around the coast of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola). Several cities including Plymouth and Edinburgh see massive expansion and beautification works. Plymouth sees new brownstone houses to support the growing British middle class. The University of Plymouth sees more intellectuals espousing wild and radical suggestions and begin championing rational though through the whole of Plymouth and into mainland Britannia. London sees a renewal of the arts, with modern architecture being found throughout the city. One artist proposed having ornate and beautiful fountains throughout the city. His plans were accepted as part of an urban renewal plan. Soon the capital of the Empire will be known as the City of Fountains. London sees such a growth and change thanks to the growing wealth of the Empire, the city begins developing a reputation as a forward thinking city entrapped in beauty and thought. The Westminster Exchange begins allowing greater freedom in stocks and adopts the Dutch method of joint stocks. Gerard Pictman creates the first "accurate" projection of the Earth on maps called the Pictman Map Projection. The Empire sees this new map and orders its adaptation. Troops are moved in the Port Katrina area as tensions with neighbors grow. The Spire of St Paul's continues being repaired. After the events of Norwich, the parliament relents and grants greater freedoms to landowners. The nation begins becoming a major center of arms construction. After the recent unrest locally and assassination attempts, the Templar Order is expanded and takes up the protection of the Emperor. Britannia has experienced a "Splendid Isolation" for a large part of the decade, but now the nation once again looks outward. War plans in Borealia are put on indefinite hold as political and economic tensions ease with Scandinavia. Britannic assistance to Croatia in the reforms is permitted. The Empire enacts a new series of reforms designed to better govern the numerous holdings of the Empire. Ships are moved toward Siam. The Academia Canterbrigae is formed as a science institution at Cambridge. The Academia extends contact to the Imperial Society to help in the flow of knowledge. Britannia also fully adopts flintlocks with better firepower and reliability. The armories in Oxfordshire and Berkshire begin to produce these weapons in some quantity. The Academia Canterbrigae releases its first peer reviewed journal, the Commentarium 'Academia Canterbrigae. This turn is officially dedicated to economic expansion.
    • Calais: Military and navy are expanded. Calais experiences a remodel of its port facilities to help with trade.
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand the navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • New Dublin: Continues to expand 1000 sq km west and south. A large influx of settlers arrive from Eire.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • New Cambridgeshire: New Cambridgeshire expands by 1000 sq km west. Colonists begin to explore around the region and begin to have a large fishing boom. The Port of New Oxford is expanded to handle excess ships from Britannia and other European nations. A large influx of settlers arrive from Britannia, fueled by the fears and rumours of war. Due to the recent influx of furs, the local population booms. Shipping also booms as many new merchant vessels are constructed to meet demand. The Borealian colonies all expand inland 1000 sq km.
    • Crown Colony Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Most locals now see themselves as loyal British citizens and now fully vote and represent the colonies, Ghana becomes the first Brittannic colony to invoke near self rule, with little regulation from the homeland due to the mutual respect from the others. Any separatist movements are largly ignored.
    • Colony of New Guerney: A flood of immigrants arrives at Port William on the island of New **Guerney (OTL Hispaniola) as the colony continues to experience an unprecedented influx of colonists. The colony expands 1000 sq km inland. Several new industries emerge as an increased demand for merchant marine ships rises. The Royal Navy attempts to gain a handle on the piracy situation. However, several small port towns of grown to harbour pirates due to the influx of money.
    • L'nu Nation: The proud L'nu continue to flourish under the wise rule of Britannia. Trade and diplomatic relations are extended to the Scandinavian colonies in the area. The L'nu expand 1000 sq km north. The native populations are treated with a bit more respect as Christian missionaries flood the area.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to prosper in this time of peace. The economy continues to grow as the trade networks across the Empire become more solidified and trade networks outside of the Empire continue to expand, particularly in eastern Asia and Borealia. The military and the navy continues to train, practice, and learn new techniques as they are discovered. The military eventually rises to about 200,000 trained soldiers, although not all of those soldiers are on duty all the time for economic concerns. Troops of all ethnicities are trained to keep the army diverse and the ethnic groups unified. The various Archonates continue to be integrated with new infrastructure, new trade connections, and a newly increasing sense of Roman "identity." Some expansionists begin to wonder why Egypt has not yet been added to the Empire as a full Archonate yet, although the Emperor assures them that it will happen. The reign of John IX has been relatively peaceful and prosperous, with minimal incidents. An attempted overthrow happened, but that was short and rapidly crushed by the army. The policy toward the Turks, numbering about two million out of an Empire of 23 million, remains the same, and a few hundred to a thousand Turks are estimated to leave the Empire each year. Cities like Ancyra, Nicaea and Ephesus continue to grow, further fortifying Roman control over western Anatolia. Military outposts along the border with the Damascan Sultanate are constructed and fortified, as the Emperor notices that there are now no buffer states between the two rising powers. Influence in vassal states continues to grow, and the Roman political and economic sphere continues to expand and consolidate its gains. The offer of the Cherokee is accepted, and Cherokee ambassadors are invited to Reme to discuss what they have planned.
    • Reme: The colony continues to prosper from the growth of cash crops and their export. Along with the native issue, some troops and militia as well as allied natives join in the fight to defeat the raiders and conquer their lairs. The native states are defeated and their lands placed under military occupation pending an increase of relations and better governance. Expands in the north by 20 pixels. The issues with the pirates begins to come to the attention of the colonial government, and steps are taken in order to cut down on piracy, including increased patrols. Increasing bureaucracy in the colonies is careful to facilitate cordial relations between the natives and colonists. Economic growth, particularly in Antillia, drive the colonization process further. Cooperation with the natives increases to further protect the mainland colonies, while better fortifications and shipyards are constructed in order to better protect the colonies.
      • Cherokee Diplomacy: The Cherokee thank Rome and Reme for their help fighting the Creek. With the war now over, they hope that they both successfully annex half of the Mvskoke Etvlwv and rule over it well. Further cooperation and trade is also hoped for the future of Rome-Cherokee relations.
    • Egypt: Egypt begins to recover from the war. With almost all of the Muslim inhabited lands of the state stripped from it, Egypt is now mostly Christian, although the rights of the Muslims remaining are not infringed upon. Food begins to be grown again, and this helps the population recover from ages of war. The Roman military garrison largely maintains order, while a 25,000 man Egyptian force is trained to help protect the nation and the canal. The Grigius family returns from Greece to rule over Egypt once again, and they are met with some enthusiasm. The previous royal family is deposed from ruling but they are not harmed and are allowed to maintain their nobility, as relatives to the current king. Other nobles who were loyal keep their nobility, and commoners who remained loyal to Rome are given nobility and automatic citizenship. As the population continues to grow, it centers around the cities of Alexandria, Damietta, Luxor, and the newly refounded Berenice. Alexandria becomes a shining city on the banks of the sea and the Nile, and it is widely admired. Berenice is growing well, and the trade from India and China makes the city expand much more quickly. Large ships are sent around the Cape of Africa to serve as trade ships at Berenice. The population still remains mostly agricultural at this time. The revolt of the border town is easily put down by the military occupation force, but the lesson of the revolt is not lost on the Occupation Force and most of the Imperial government. Steps are taken to prevent or otherwise cut off revolts when they start, and as such some of the cultural laws and ideas initiated in the previous period of Roman rule are to be restored, with the rest restored over time. With the problems of the canal, the Roman military occupation and the native Egyptian military set up patrols along sections of the canal to ensure that raids are not too damaging. At the same time, the military tries to pinpoint the origins of these raids and take them out at the root. Military and economic growth and stability is the next major project for the Egyptian government. Egyptian officers are trained at military academies in Roman cities such as Constantinople, Adrianople and Sparta while Egyptian merchants are invested in and trained by Roman merchants. By now, most of the institutions of the Egyptian state have been rebuilt to some degree and are firmly integrated with their Roman counterparts.
    • Georgia: The Roman military occupation is largely frowned upon by the locals. However, the locals do approve of some aspects. They do approve of Roman occupation rather than Damascan occupation, and the fact that the Bagrationi Dynasty still rules earns some decent respect for Roman authority. Roman authorities work with the Bagrationi Dynasty to help bring improvements to the region and its people. Infrastructure is repaired from the war and new roads and buildings are constructed to benefit both the occupation and the native people. To help earn the loyalty of the native population, the Laz people, related to the Georgians themselves, are persuaded to gradually move from their homeland in northern Anatolia to join their brothers in Georgia. The existing Georgian navy is enrolled into the Imperial Navy while new Georgian merchants and military officers are enrolled in education programs to better integrate them with existing Imperial systems.
    • Armenia: The country of Armenia faces a bit of a problem. The Roman occupation force, as a general precaution, did not allow the Bragationi family remain in control of both Armenia and Georgia. As such, the need for a royal was the first challenge to be addressed. After much consideration in the Imperial court of Constantinople, it is decided that the Lusignan Dynasty of former Cyprus and Armenian Cicilia will take the throne, as some yet still live in Constantinople and have displayed considerable loyalty to the Empire a few decades after the fall of Cyprus. The new dynasty is enthroned on New Years Day, and the new king and the Roman occupation force begin eagerly in making Armenia a safe and prosperous place. Merchants and military officers are trained in ways similar to their Georgian counterparts, while border posts are constructed along the southern border with the Damascan Sultanate. In contrast with the Georgians, the Armenians are relatively glad to have Roman rule, as the Damascans directly invaded Armenia and threatened the populace.
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: Modernization continues, with numerous European immigrants accelerating technological advancements. Much of the upper class now speaks French in addition to Cree, and interest in French culture and food grows. Meanwhile, farmers in northern areas finish domesticating captured musk oxen, in order to replace cattle, which generally die in huge numbers every winter. Nomadic herding, of reindeer, musk oxen and horses, increases in importance. Tsicha continues to be produced. The addition of certain herbs gives it hallucinogenic properties, making it far more popular than previously. The military grows, especially the navy. Cavalry increases in importance, while the navy and merchant marine reach a far larger size and efficiency from years of purchase, both from France and on the black market. Nehilaw traders plan a massive voyage to reach Europe for the first time, but this will probably not occur for some time, due to the logistics. Fishing continues to expand its importance to the Nehilaw economy, especially the massive cod fisheries off Newfoundland. Fishermen there come into contact with Croatian settlers, to general surprise. Fishermen build a seasonal fishing camp on the island of Igulik (OTL Belle Isle). Several fishermen stay over the winter this year. Musk oxen are transported to the island to sustain them, and soon multiply. The Nehilaw begin a major program of expansion to fill in the enclave of unsettled territory, expanding into it as much as possible.
    • Chippewa: The military improves while numerous Crees immigrate.
    • Mackinac: The military improves.
    • Odawa: The military improves.
    • Chisasibi: The military improves.
    • North Ojibwe: The military improves.
  • Nehilaw Dip: The Nehilaw request that a European bank set up a branch in the Nehilaw territories to assist with the monetarization of the economy.
  • The Cherokee Nation and the Shawana Nation: The Cherokee wages war against the Creek, which ends this year with complete victory for the Cherokee and Romans. General Galegenoh and Prince Sequoyah alongside the Romans continue to pacify the Creek to ensure that they will be good subjects. The northern half of Mvskoke Etvlwv is annexed into the Cherokee Kingdom and the remaining Creek rebels are crushed. On the orders of his father, Price Sequoyah cuts off the head of the Creek King and rides out to the Koasati nation with the head and a large army. The Prince throws the severed head at the feet of the Koasati chief, demanding that he bend the knee and become a vassal to the Cherokee. The Chief terrified of the Cherokee military power, agrees and the Chief begins preparing himself to ride with Prince Sequoyah to the Cherokee capital. King Degataga hears news of his son's success and orders the capital to be made spik-and-span for the arrival of the Chief of the Koasati. Elsewhere the Shawana Nation begins to build up its economy as King Waya and Queen Ama lead the Shawana nation into a greater trade network with the Cherokee and Europeans.
  • The Kiatagmiut Band continues to become inundated with influences from our West (the OTL Orient). Work continues to start writing down all records and historical records, starting with the Lavkar Reforms and our religious mythology. Trade at Gidighuyghatno’ Xidochagg Qay’, Agdaaĝux̂, and Taxtamax̂ continues, while domestication of more and more berries as well as sea animals continue, as well. We expand some more into the Kaialigamiut Band and into Nuniwar. A continued emphasis is placed upon mining and ironworking, with some Band-members starting to specialize in these areas, just as some had started to specialize in domestication.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1698, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz, Landshut continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Dominic I, aged 39, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Rome, and Bohemia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In domestic news, King Franz-Dominic continues attempting to propagate the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 50% of Bavaro-German secondary speakers in Franken-Sachsen, and uptick of 35% of primary speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 5000 remaining in Saxony, and 5000 in Thuringia. With the Bohemian revolt, Leopold orders that several infrastructure projects be started in Brandenburg and Pomerania instead of Bohemia. The 5000 troops in Bohemia are split and diverted to Osterreich and Brandenburg/Pomerania. 2500 arrive in Osterreich, while 1000 and 1500 arrive in Brandenburg and Pomerania, respectively. The King sends financial and food aid to Austria, and announces that the Bavarian crown will pay for 35% of all infrastructural renovations in Austria, Brandenburg, Pomerania. In royal news, the King's children are: Maria (born 1684). In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In social and political news, the actions of the Bavarian crown in dealing with Austria, Brandenburg, and Pomerania have become widely known and popular. Several scholars at the Isabell University in Munich have labelled the relief efforts as a Restoration. Soon, many people refer to the massive tax cuts, infrastructural reconstructions, and general aid as Restoration. When dealing with the south, many in Bavaria label the restoration as Austrian Reconstruction. Army reforms continue, making substantial progress in modernizing the standing forces, in part by sweeping away feudal levies. In political news, Franz-Dominic I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In cultural news, Wolfgang Diefenbach establishes himself as a prominent European scientist, and immediately sets up a proto-salon in Berlin. In political news, several parliamentary factions spring up in the Curia Bavaria. Several factions are opposed to both the existence of the Curia Austria as well as the latter's call for a larger, country-wide parliament. In other news, Karl, Franz-Dominic's brother, finally has a child, who he names Albert, born in 1694. In cultural news, King Franz-Dominic pays close attention to playwright Heinrich Guttenburg, and in April, invites him to Trausnitz to perform Phädra. The showing occurs successfully to a wide audience of nobles and Guttenburg's popularity rises.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law.
    • Grand Duchy of Franken-Sachsen: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I, aged 39, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Leopold normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Duchy of Neustadt: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The ports of Fehmarn are expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Osterreich (Austria) in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. King Leopold orders that 5000 troops be sent to Austria to standby. Food and financial aid is sent to Austria, primarily to Vienna and surrounding cities. Furthermore, Leopold sends messengers to Vienna officials noting that the Bavarian crown will be paying for 50% of all Vienna-based infrastructure projects. He also notes that the taxes of the Austrian populace will be moderately lowered, lower than pre-war levels, in the face of the devastation of the war. He also announces aid will be increased over the next few years. In early 1667, an Austrian scholar and merchant, named Karl Manzkari, establishes a trade outpost in Vienna. Initially attracting local merchants, it soon amasses a large array of traders, mostly from northern Austria. In 1668, Karl Manzkari establishes a much smaller outpost in another section of Vienna, hoping to attract more business. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for King Leopold II.
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 186 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is tentatively popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue to be constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria, and perhaps a large legislature servicing all Bavarian realms, one which would be an Upper house while the Curia Bavaria and Curia Austria would be regional lower houses.
    • Margraviate of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Margrave Albert II, age 38, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Brandenburg in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Albert orders that several infrastructure commissions are created in order to repair the extreme damage to Brandenburg after the war. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Brandenburg. Wolfgang Diefenbach's first scientific meeting in Berlin is successful. The first scientific meeting will occur in 1675. Young Albert is married off to Maria von Hamburg. Margrave Albert II has two children, Karolina (born 1679), and Albert (born 1683). Albert II and Maria have a child this year, who they name Albert.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duchess Mary, age 30, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Pomerania in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Franz-Ballard orders that several repairs commence on the several ports in Pomerania, including heavy repairs on the main ports. This is done to revitalize trade, commerce and transport as soon as possible. Later on, Leopold and Franz-Ballard plan on touring Pomerania in order to make it known that he holds no ill will for any Pomeranian. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Pomerania. Mary of Pomerania is married to Henry von Hamburg in a matrilineal match, so children would be under the Wittelsbach dynasty. Franz-Ballard, knowing he is unable to produce children, and does not care much for another marriage, declares Mary to be his heir. Princess Mary and Henry von Hamburg have a daughter in 1687, who they name Margaret. Princess Mary has a son this year, who she names Franz-Heinrich. In royal news, Duchess Mary is immediately overshadowed by her husband Henry, who takes a dominant role in Pomeranian politics. Mary feels as if she is being throttled by her husband's power and begins communicating with several of her courtiers on how to mitigate his influence.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, and Berlin. Adalbert Völcher, Edmund von Rot-Pferd, and Markus-Paul Ehrbach are among the most prominent merchants and leaders in the RBSC.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. Knyaz-Namestnik Fredrik Hohenzollern is named the eventual "Acting Sovereign" by a decision after this year's Grand Summit, when they decided who would take oin the Responsibilities of the 68-year old Supreme Duchess in the eventual case of her demise. Another thing that came out of this year's Summit is the plan for a connected network of roads to increase communication between all the UK republics. The first steps to build a united road network is begun "To rival that of ancient Rome" at the City of Narva, where the first cobble roads are laid out, and construction begins to connect Pskov, Taalinn, and Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve. This is especially important because the city lies at the border, and the decision to start there only shows co-operations between all states involved. In any case, the situation in Danzig calms a bit. However, tensions remain high. The PIC goes to France to try to purchase the Caroline Islands, the southern of which they were already de facto administering anyway. In any case, Pskovian military and Navy get a slight boost due to the Economic growth occuring. Cash crops in the Americas such as cotton farmed in the Bahamas and Sugar and the like farmed in the Leeward Islands are big commodities in Europe and bring the PIC, and therefore Pskov, profit. Gold is also being mined in Zlatobrezhie which brings profit. Meanwhile, there, many administrators are now local, and Pskov are simply now the higher-ranking officials, already infiltrating the language and high culture, with many wealthy Zlatobrezhians gaining and education in the University of Pskov. The first Academy is opened in Zlatobrezhie, run by the church, and as missionaries continue the work of thse sent before them, stuff happens, and Christianity grows. In any case, some traders set up shop in Senegal for the first time. The Pskovians manage to procure a trade deal with the local governement, and the PIC opens its first branch in the Senegalese capital. From there, they plan on discovering every resource exploitable, this multinational corporations will not elave a single source of income for Pskov untapped. The first meetings with the Etat de Danzig and Croatia to settle the Danzig issue are scheduled for next year. The Events in the Neighbouring Russian states are watched with great intrigue, and a decision is made by the New Veche in a secret session to fund dissent amongst Russians against the tsar, and arm possible "republican" rebels in Novgorod. Much of the support comes from descendants of the Republicans in the Novgorod civil war that fled to Pskov once the civil war in Novgorod was over. Covert agents are sent into Novgorod and some into Moscow to incite crowds against the Tsar. The Events in the Imperial Sea are viewed with much caution, as the PIC debates what to do, In the end, the decision is made to continue trading with everyone, and to pose a position of "armed neutrality" in the conflict. This position is adopted by many members of the Veche, and an act is passed declaring a state of "Readily Armed Neutrality" in the Americas, taking no position, and not firing unless fired upon, and continue to trade regardless of the actions of the parties. In this year's grand summit, the issue of international unity begins to be discussed, To better show unity, a decision is made, and next year it will be executed ...
    • The Federal Republic of Eesti reacts with indifference to the tensions building up in Danzig. "It's not really our problem, let the United Republic deal with it" is the general sentiment to people that either know about it, or are peripherally involved, like the Riigikogu. In any case the military is upgraded with flintlocks and whatnot. The Peaminister of Eesti agrees to meet in Riga, and attends what he dubbed the "Grand Summit".
    • In Latvia, economic dev happens as farming methods are improved, and Pskovina merchants invest in possible future profits. The President of the Seima attends the Grand Summit.
    • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff, the Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit.
    • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP, and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care of the fate of the "lesser" nobility). In any case, the Prussian army waits at the gates of Danzig, hoping to gain access to the city. However, the French do not let them in, and refuse to give taxes, as Danzig belonging to France is not official in any treaty, but rather de facto. This is due to the change in administration, and the public outcry by the new leader of the Bundestag. In any case, this might actually harm some people, so many Prussians living in cities watch the situation with great care ... or at least try to in the era of information traveling very slowly. The Chancellor attends the Grand Summit.

1699

In Rome, Pope Celestine X dies, and in the subsequent conclave, the Bolognese Galeazzo Marescotti is elected Pope, taking the Papal name of Benedict XVII.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg and its subjects expand their economies. Pressure on Aceh to accept protectorate status continues (Turn Four of Five).
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz and São Sebastião expand by 5000 sq km each. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz.
  • Manchu Empire (Personal Union With Japan): With the sudden death of the previous Emperor, his eldest son-in-law Horiyōshi Yokohama III succeeded the throne and acquired the position of Emperor of the Manchu Empire. One of his first decisions was to establish a tax system to extract tax from the people but to also make sure that not too much pressure was put upon the peasants. The Emperor was keen on improving the agricultural status in the state, and crops such as maize, wheat, rice, sorghum and soy beans were cultivated and harvested to also make sure that hunger was eradicated from the state. The herding of horses and cattle benefited the Manchu to a great extent with the Manchu being amongst the top exporters of milk in China. Trade with Korea, Imperium of Heaven and Japan proved beneficial as Manchu exported agricultural goods - especially lumber - to these states. Meanwhile, a major port was constructed to handle foreign trade to prevent illegal trading which would otherwise have a disastrous effect on the economy. Meanwhile, a large army of roughly 300,000 men was raised to defend the state from any foreign invasion with the soldiers handed light matchlock muskets snaphaunces, and with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy, therefore importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and horses as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Major forts were constructed in the North to defend against any invasion that would otherwise sweep through Manchuria. The Manchu Emperor, having closely observed the rapid development of Japan, started to promote education to copy the west. Many eunuchs who opposed this decision were put to death and eventually, the system of eunuchs was put down to prevent any power from opposing the Emperor. The Emperor ordered an increase in the teaching of subjects such as Biology, Chemistry and especially on developing new firearms and many firearms imported from Hispania were reverse-engineered to create identical copies. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Meanwhile, we purchase battleships from Japan and build up our navy. Much of the Ming Empire is conquered with Manchu forces now arriving at the outskirts of Beijing, laying siege to the city[Mil/Eco Turn]
    • Hailar Khaganate: With the defeat of the guerrilla forces in Hailar, Manchu control over the state was set up. The Emperor Qing Fúlín Shùnzhì, appointed Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon as the Governor of the state who in turn introduced a series of reforms which included support of settlement, ordering the people to put a halt to their nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, Prince Qing Aisin Gioro Dorgon supported the construction of schools in order to spread western knowledge to the rural areas and to educate the people. Meanwhile, a paramilitary consisting of 500 men was set up to maintain law and order in the state, and a system of spies had been established to eradicate opposition to Manchu rule. The native Mongol people were treated generously, but all those that had fought against the Manchu in the war were sent to work in the fields although this did mean that the populace did not take part in cultivation and harvest of crops. To modify the trade route present in the state, Dorgon initiated the start of the road system to link the trade route and by now, up to 5000 men were recruited into the military. On the orders of Emperor Horiyōshi Yokohama III, the people were now converted to Shintoism and mass Shinto Temples were built. Crops were cultivated to feed the poor, and a trade system had been established to trade with the Mangut Nivkh Tribes[Mil/Eco Turn]
  • Empire of Japan (Personal Union With Manchuria): The military/economy is built up. A Japanese colonialist named Yokohama comes to the court of the Emperor Yoshi II. He is tried for disloyalty to the emperor and not worshiping Shinto. He dies after a long, painful, tortuous death. The minorities, as well as unhappy colonists and non-Shinto followers, launch a military coup on the capital. The emperor, a follower of the samurai, had lost a fight with another person. This meant to Yoshi II to commit suicide in a ritual, surrounded by many loyalists. However, as he died without an heir, someone had to become the new one. After some more fighting, the opposition wins and transforms Japan into a monarchal empire, with Yokohama's son Yokohama II, as emperor. However, Due to recent reports that the economy is falling, Emperor Yokohama II is poisoned by bad wine, brought from Spanish merchants. His son, Horiyōshi Yokohama III, takes power, now being the Emperor of Japan and Manchuria. A notification is sent to Manchuria that due to these recent unfortunate events, the emperor will have to come to throne in Japan, ruling both nations from there. Merchants, seeking to make the lives of the disorganized Small Kingdoms better, found the port city of Yantai to trade the Chinese food in order to make life easier on them. The fire, know to the people of Japan as the Great Fire, makes many people move away from the city, into Japan's colonies and vassals such as Manchuria, and Taiwan. Now that Manchuria is owned by Yokohama III, the nation rejoices, now being under a Japanese monarchs rule. Meanwhile, merchants in the Philippines, on their way to the southern islands, steer off course on their way there. His companions and their leader, Hideak Kotohito, freak out, until they land at the OTL location of Biak. The town of OTL Biak is claimed for Japan, already serving as a trading post with the natives. The island is settled, creating the first colonial settlement for the Empire of Japan. The emperor is praised upon, with the magical number 2000 being used everywhere. After exploring north for a couple years to find alternate trade different from Hispania, Japanese and Ainu merchants make first contact with the Kiamukut Band on the Alaskan coast. The merchants did not understand the Inuits well, but they were escorted by fishers to the Grand Chief. As a sign if friendship between them, the merchants offer many gifts to him, being given Inuit food, cloth, shelter, and warmth in return. Because of this troops are sent into the war against the Ming. A few Japanese settlers, looking to become the first contenders in the Alaskan trade, travel north to establish a colony on OTL St Lawrence Island.
    • Ainu (Vassal of Japan): The economy is improved. Trade ships are starting to be built, so the Ainu can trade more with Japan and their companions. Some people, hearing of the Inuits, decide to learn the Kiamukut Bands' language. However, due to the newness and complexity of the language, it will take the learners several hard years of dedication to learn it. Troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • Japanese Manchuria (Colony of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port finishes construction, and is now open for service. More settlers come, mostly from survivors from the great fire, to build ships for Japan. The project of 9 larger ships is now complete, and another one of 20 frigates is planned to be finished by 1700.
    • Yantai (Port of Japan): Infrastructure is improved. The port city of Yantai is founded to feed the people of the Small Kingdoms, and to spread Shinto missionaries throughout China. Though, after a few small skirmishes with the locals, no expansion of the city occurs. Troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • Formosa (Vassal of Japan): Economy is improved. Now that the war is over, The old Taiwanese state now controls all of Taiwan. A huge wave of settlers come, mostly survivors from the great fire, settle in Taiwan to start up a new life and to build ships/farm for Japan. Troops are sent into the war against the Ming.
    • North Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to North Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
    • South Vietnam: Mil/Econ is improved. A law is passed that makes all teenagers get two-year compulsory military training and then a five-year military term. While training, the people are exposed to Shinto, and some convert because they have lost faith in Buddhism. While not many do, the number seems to increase slightly every years, about 5000 doing so. Shinto missionaries are also sent to South Vietnam to help the people convert, or at least tolerate Shinto. The conversion rate continues to rise, with help asked from Korea to send missionaries to help rise these rates even more to convert them. Foreign troops are moved into the area, to help keep the area centralized and under control.
    • Biak: Expands by 20 px.
    • Kiatumgutai: As the new Alaskan market opens up on OTL St Lawrence Island, about eight more people flock to the area to try to make money in the area. The colony expands by 5 px.
  • The Kiatagmiut Band continues to be innundated with influences from our West (the OTL Orient), with both Japan and Mangut Nivkhgu. Work continues to start writing down all governmental and judicial records, starting with the Lavkar Reforms and religious mythology. Trade at Gidighuyghatno’ Xidochagg Qay’, Agdaaĝux̂, and Taxtamax̂ continues, while domestication of more and more berries as well as sea animals continue, as well. We expand some more into the Kaialigamiut Band and into Nuniwar. A continued emphasis is placed upon mining and ironworking, with some Band-members starting to specialize in these areas, just as some had started to specialize in domestication.
    • As requested by Saturn120 and Reximus on my Talk Page, I shall be posting for them until the 1st of December/1705. 
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo, Ulsan, and the coastal cities and coastal towns of Southern Gyeongsang Province. Mahayana Tao-Shintoism also continues to grow, and begins gaining followers from the areas where Shinto is growing, with some Shintoists switching to Mahayana Tao-Shintoism. A few Shinto missionaries from Jejudo help out Japan in Vietnam to bring Shinto there.
  • Ayutthaya: We continue our influencing of the controlled regions of Laos and Cambodia and we expand our military bases in the area. We do all we can to remove non-Thai ethnicities from the regions and build a large population of Thai people. Roads are expanded linking the new regions and particuarly to our gunpowder producing regions. The roads connecting Lower Dawei with Ayutthaya have been expanded again and many towns and smaller cities start thriving on the busy roads. Military expansion continues on the Ayutthayan Nicobar and we also increase our navy research in an effort to keep up to date. We continue building our relations with Lanka, the Dutch, Japan and Hispania and we also try to increase our trade. Smaller logging camps are made in Lanna where there is an abundance of forest which needs clearing for an expanding population. We also hope that the cleared land will help us produce more farming land. Ayutthaya wishes to see economic growth after having the war with Laos and Cambodia and we continue to try to rebuild our economy. As a result of the war, our post-war industry and military has slightly improved and we now see a majority of units using European based weaponry and about a third now use rifles. The schools of the North and East regions are expanded and we hope that this will bring greater education to the rural areas. We look at developing larger cities in the previous Lanna area so that their population can experience greater technology and become more connected with the government of Ayutthaya. Many people in the new areas of Ayutthaya begin causing fights after government occupation, and as a result we send in police and military to deal with the unstable towns. We also send in aid to any communities affected to show the appreciation the Ayutthayan government has.
  • Grand Croatian Bajanate (Veliki Hrvatski Bajanat): Military turn. Sewerage systems similar to Ragusan ones are built in major towns of the Bajanate. With growing Ragusan influence, and the begining of further colonization, the navy expands rapidly using much of the Ragusan and also Britannic expertise. Moreover with the influx of new resources in form of lumber, labour and metals, the navy begins expanding at a fast rate. More and more ships capable of crossing the Atlantic with ease are built. The Sabor intends to restore the glorious naval culture of the Neretva peoples and plans to do so by expanding the navy. The kravata (tie) is more and more used as an accessory.
    • ​Banate of Croatia: Trade routes are strengthened and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the Bajan and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HBRM (Hrvatska Bajanska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the government. Britannic assistance aids with the naval reform. The influx of resources from Dahomey aids the economy. However, the government makes sure that the gold arriving isn't immediately put on the market in order to control the inflation in the worth of gold. The silver mine in Srebrenica is mined.
    • Polish Banate (Poljski Banat): The Polish Banate grows relatively independently, although a part of the Bajanate, the Polish Saborčić (Little Sabor, also known as Szlachta/Šljahta) works more or less independently within its borders. The Polish Ban is elected by it while the Bajan only confirms him.
    • Czech Banate (Češki Banat): The Banate recovers from the Idiocracy's rule and many nobles gain more power in the nation.
    • Podbanate of Silesia (Šlezijski Podbanat): The Podbanate's natural resources are highly sought in the rest of the Bajanate which leads to economic growth.
    • Podbanate of Dahomej (Podbanat Dahomej): The natural resources are quickly put to use, such as coconuts, cotton both refined and raw as well as the gold. Finally, the wood industry prospers as materials are needed for new ships that would help keep the connection between Croatia and Dahomey strong.
    • Podbanate of Carantania (Podbanat Karantanska): Croatization continues, starting with removing any pro-Austrian threats. The idea that Carantania is Slavic since the Carantanian Slavic tribe settled there spreads and is used to bring the Podbanate closer to the Banate.
    • Isles of the Grand Bajanate: The infrastructure is built up.
    • Carantanian Island (Karantanski Otok): The colony expands by 750 sq km.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to prosper in this time of peace. The economy continues to grow as the trade networks across the Empire become more solidified and trade networks outside of the Empire continue to expand, particularly in eastern Asia and Borealia. The military and the navy continues to train, practice, and learn new techniques as they are discovered. The military eventually rises to about 200,000 trained soldiers, although not all of those soldiers are on duty all the time for economic concerns. Troops of all ethnicities are trained to keep the army diverse and the ethnic groups unified. The various Archonates continue to be integrated with new infrastructure, new trade connections, and a newly increasing sense of Roman "identity." Some expansionists begin to wonder why Egypt has not yet been added to the Empire as a full Archonate yet, although the Emperor assures them that it will happen. The reign of John IX has been relatively peaceful and prosperous, with minimal incidents. An attempted overthrow happened, but that was short and rapidly crushed by the army. The policy toward the Turks, numbering about two million out of an Empire of 23 million, remains the same, and a few hundred to a thousand Turks are estimated to leave the Empire each year. Cities like Ancyra, Nicaea and Ephesus continue to grow, further fortifying Roman control over western Anatolia. Military outposts along the border with the Damascan Sultanate are constructed and fortified, as the Emperor notices that there are now no buffer states between the two rising powers. Influence in vassal states continues to grow, and the Roman political and economic sphere continues to expand and consolidate its gains. The offer of the Cherokee is accepted, and Cherokee ambassadors are invited to Reme to discuss what they have planned.
      • You don't have to keep going on about the Cherokee now, the war is over thus there is no offer from the Cherokee. Talk about suppressing the new Creek people under the control of your empire or something ...
    • Reme: The colony continues to prosper from the growth of cash crops and their export. Along with the native issue, some troops and militia as well as allied natives join in the fight to defeat the raiders and conquer their lairs. The native states are defeated and their lands placed under military occupation pending an increase of relations and better governance. Expands in the north by 20 pixels. The issues with the pirates begins to come to the attention of the colonial government, and steps are taken in order to cut down on piracy, including increased patrols. Increasing bureaucracy in the colonies is careful to facilitate cordial relations between the natives and colonists. Economic growth, particularly in Antillia, drive the colonization process further. Cooperation with the natives increases to further protect the mainland colonies, while better fortifications and shipyards are constructed in order to better protect the colonies.
    • Egypt: Egypt begins to recover from the war. With almost all of the Muslim inhabited lands of the state stripped from it, Egypt is now mostly Christian, although the rights of the Muslims remaining are not infringed upon. Food begins to be grown again, and this helps the population recover from ages of war. The Roman military garrison largely maintains order, while a 25,000 man Egyptian force is trained to help protect the nation and the canal. The Grigius family returns from Greece to rule over Egypt once again, and they are met with some enthusiasm. The previous royal family is deposed from ruling but they are not harmed and are allowed to maintain their nobility, as relatives to the current king. Other nobles who were loyal keep their nobility, and commoners who remained loyal to Rome are given nobility and automatic citizenship. As the population continues to grow, it centers around the cities of Alexandria, Damietta, Luxor, and the newly refounded Berenice. Alexandria becomes a shining city on the banks of the sea and the Nile, and it is widely admired. Berenice is growing well, and the trade from India and China makes the city expand much more quickly. Large ships are sent around the Cape of Africa to serve as trade ships at Berenice. The population still remains mostly agricultural at this time. The revolt of the border town is easily put down by the military occupation force, but the lesson of the revolt is not lost on the Occupation Force and most of the Imperial government. Steps are taken to prevent or otherwise cut off revolts when they start, and as such some of the cultural laws and ideas initiated in the previous period of Roman rule are to be restored, with the rest restored over time. With the problems of the canal, the Roman military occupation and the native Egyptian military set up patrols along sections of the canal to ensure that raids are not too damaging. At the same time, the military tries to pinpoint the origins of these raids and take them out at the root. Military and economic growth and stability is the next major project for the Egyptian government. Egyptian officers are trained at military academies in Roman cities such as Constantinople, Adrianople and Sparta while Egyptian merchants are invested in and trained by Roman merchants. By now, most of the institutions of the Egyptian state have been rebuilt to some degree and are firmly integrated with their Roman counterparts.
    • Georgia: The Roman military occupation is largely frowned upon by the locals. However, the locals do approve of some aspects. They do approve of Roman occupation rather than Damascan occupation, and the fact that the Bagrationi Dynasty still rules earns some decent respect for Roman authority. Roman authorities work with the Bagrationi Dynasty to help bring improvements to the region and its people. Infrastructure is repaired from the war and new roads and buildings are constructed to benefit both the occupation and the native people. To help earn the loyalty of the native population, the Laz people, related to the Georgians themselves, are persuaded to gradually move from their homeland in northern Anatolia to join their brothers in Georgia. The existing Georgian navy is enrolled into the Imperial Navy while new Georgian merchants and military officers are enrolled in education programs to better integrate them with existing Imperial systems.
    • Armenia: The country of Armenia faces a bit of a problem. The Roman occupation force, as a general precaution, did not allow the Bragationi family remain in control of both Armenia and Georgia. As such, the need for a royal was the first challenge to be addressed. After much consideration in the Imperial court of Constantinople, it is decided that the Lusignan Dynasty of former Cyprus and Armenian Cicilia will take the throne, as some yet still live in Constantinople and have displayed considerable loyalty to the Empire a few decades after the fall of Cyprus. The new dynasty is enthroned on New Years Day, and the new king and the Roman occupation force begin eagerly in making Armenia a safe and prosperous place. Merchants and military officers are trained in ways similar to their Georgian counterparts, while border posts are constructed along the southern border with the Damascan Sultanate. In contrast with the Georgians, the Armenians are relatively glad to have Roman rule, as the Damascans directly invaded Armenia and threatened the populace.
  • Damascan Sultanate: Prince Sulimen VI is made Sultan and promotes migration to Damascus (دمشق) as it now numbers 435,000. Damascus has grown huge now, and continues to as it is now the largest city in the Damascan Sultanate. The military is expanded. Antioch's (أنطاكية) population grows to 245,000. The people continue to rally toward Islam. As an Arab nation now begins to enter the land with good Turkish relations the people seem to be happier. We continue modernizing and upgrading our guns. The total census of the Damascan Sultanate has risen to 27.7 million. Relations with Urdustan are increased. Light flintlock muskets are heavily in use and well advanced; designing guns that are faster, more efficient, and lighter. Jerusalem (القدس) grows to 290,000. Prince Sulimen VI is now 41. Prince Sulimen VI has a son with Princess Aasmaa he is named Sulimen VII. Damascus and Suri enter a Dynastic Union. We send camel riders into center Arabia to begin exploring the edges. We increase relations with the Suri Empire and Demak Sultanate. We continue to help the Kingdom of Nubia become Islamic, we send more holymen to spread the word of Muhammad and God. Sulimen VII is 21. 50,000 soldiers are sent into Jerusalem to calm the riots. Religious harmony is pushed in the city. The new sultan explains to the people of Jerusalem: "Regardless that the nation in which Jerusalem is governed over happens to be Islamic, the city of Jerusalem is a key city in all three major Abrahamic religions. If any groups are started or officiate themselves in taking responsibility for the riots they will be removed immediately by force by the Damascan military. I cannot stress how important the peace in Jerusalem is to the rest of the world. Jerusalem is a small representation of harmony throughout the world. If the three major religions cannot tolerate each other in one city then it will be a heading for nations around the world to find reasons to not get along based on religious morals. I urge you all to forget about the deep rooted tensions in your personal beliefs and accept one another for who they are. We all believe in the almighty god, and are all God-fearing. We have this bond amongst ourselves, and it should be that we cooperate with one another that way Jerusalem can be a golden example to the rest of the world as to why different religious nations should work together instead of against one another." The Sultan, Sultan Sulimen VI stepped down from the main heading at Jerusalem and was escorted to the villa in Jerusalem. He stations 5000 soldiers around the villa, and 20,000 around the villa walls. 25,000 others were sent to the Jewish, Muslim, and Christian districts to help rebuild homes, pay tributes, donate, and build hospitals and schools throughout the city. Jerusalem is being built to be the Jewel of all religions, and should be cherished for its harmony throughout its reputation to other nations. We request a suitable bride from the Dutch, somewhere from 16-26.
    • Aleppraqht (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): Trade is increased and now extravagantly reaching Africa has made Aleppraqht a vital economic trading area on the coast of Eritrea. Census is taken totaling: 60,000. Economy expands. Ships are constructed.
    • Dhubab (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): The vassal remains to be a key focal point for the exit of the Philadelphi Canal. Economy and infrastructure expands. With the small 10 px expansion in Africa, Dhubab now strengthens its hold as the jewel of the Sanaamarib Strait. Ships are constructed.
    • Cairo (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): Economy and infrastructure expands. Cairo's (القاهرة) population rises to 345,000. As many of the Muslims throughout Aegypt now face fealty under Roman rulership flock to the great Muslim city, in haven to be in an Islamic community. We continue expanding the port city, on the small bit of coast to be connected with Damascan proper. Ships are constructed.
    • Sanaamarib (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): With the new province in Yemen being swathed, the Sultan Sulimen V begins extensive trade routes with the vassal in Africa. We expand military. Ports are constructed, and a navy is continued to be built. Ships are constructed. Centralization begins and the differences of culture begins to splice.
  • Suri Empire: Prince Fadeel Khan Lari is in need of a wife, the Sultan goes to his neighbors in Urdustan. Sultan Asad Khan Lari weds his daughter, Princess Aasmaa to Prince Sulimen VI of The Damascan Sultanate, creating a dynastic rule. Sultan Asad Khan Lari, after seeing immediate success of opium in Multan, he promotes the production of cannabis (indica) Border patrols continue. We continue to expand our military, bringing it to 175,000. The sultan sends a permanent unit to defend (OTL) Fort Landi Kotal. After years of research, the students of Kahn Pir Islam developed a method to produce firearms at a much higher rate. Friendly relations with Urdustan and Lanka continue. We start vassalizing Tibet (Turn Three of Eight). The Sultan promotes local governors who are loyal to the thrown to lead all vassals of the Empire. Our small navy continues to grow, we now have 16 ships. With the growing navy, we can better protect our trade ships.
    • Marwar (vassal of the Suri Empire): Promotes Islamic growth. Military expanded and borders are heavily patrolled. Economic supplies are sent to Suri proper. Positive trading continued with Urdustan.
    • Delhi (vassal of the Suri Empire): Promotes Islamic growth. Infrastructure is expanded. With the construction of (OTL) Fatehpuri Masjid brings in Muslims from all over South East Asia. Economic supplies are sent to Suri proper. Positive trading continued with Urdustan.
    • Multan (vassal of the Suri Empire): Wāli Ahkeen Farooqui promotes the growth of tobacco and poppy (opium). Opium dens become popular. Our economy is expanded. Economic supplies are sent to Suri proper and positive trading is continued. with Urdustan.
    • Ladakh (vassal of the Suri Empire): Military is expanded. Seeing the success of opium in Multan, the local governor orders the commissions local farmers to start growing opium. Economic supplies are sent to Suri Proper. Positive trading continued with Urudstan.
    • Port Hejaz (Red Sea): Wāli Abduhl Achbaar continues to expand Port Hejaz's infrastructure. Our navy is expanded to 12 ships from our original ten. We continue friendly trade relations with Rome.
    • Port Majaphit (Philippines): Sultan Asad Khan Lari allows the locals to elect their own governor. After tallying the votes, the people have voted into office Wāli Fahim Hadiz Iqbal, who comes from a wealthy mercantile family and supports the throne. His first order of business is start building a fleet to trade with his allies in the Indian Ocean.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 100 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand inland through the land corridor given by Cahokie by 9800 sq km. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The Empire continues starting to prepare for another invasion in Cahokie region and Baie d'etoiles as Bayougoulaa has been named (after the king decided it fit his desire) begins to be heavily populated by French, mostly farmers and fur traders, for now small cotton productions continue popping out and growing as well as tobacco plantations in the area of OTL St Francisville called St Louis de Rouge. The colony is divided in three districts, Cahokienne districts (the thin continuous line up north) The Baie d'etoiles district (OTL Bayogoulaa). After several years of relative peace the French Empire prepares for a new war: the invasion of the Nehilaw, the country is fastly mobilized and the navy is prepared to deploy 150,000 soldiers from Europe to meet up with colonial forces (125,000 from Nouvelle Orleans (Colombia), 25,000 from Chateau d'or (French Central America) 20,000 from Jamaica and 30,000 from Rouenelle (Louisiana). We condemn the Invasion of Hesse but desire to remain neutral on the subject for the time, we offer the Westphalian monarchs to take refuge in the kingdom of Rhineland 50,000 mercenaries are sent to the Brussels government as the king sees the change of strengthening the relationship with the Dutch by helping the rebels from Brussels. However, this contingent is unofficial and not much news is spread of this through the empire. The Annexation of Neu Franken is made official under the Name of Nouvelle Artois and the Zollern Islands Renamed Illes Carolinnes. The French began building up their defenses along the river and troops began moving en masse to the Regions of Nouvelle Artois and Rouenelle. The nation is outraged by the Breton assassination, However, the king decides to await for a more favorable time to punish the Breton Killing, The king, however, warns the Bretons and States clearly, "Any further damage to a French citizen in their territory or piracy or any sort of attempted attack at the Kingdom's subjects will be viewed as a war declaration and the rather view towards the Breton that France has kept will change rather quick. Blockades to Breton traders begins in the territories of the French Empire.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The French influx in the southern areas caused by over population of the northern areas of the country (mostly around the capital, Rouen and Nantes) a few regions begin to officially allow French as co-official language while others are still deeply Germanic. While this, throughout the entire country deep cultural change undergoes as the country feels different from the French nations, however, no longer sees itself as a nation under the HRE German influence and has lost respect at their failure to protect them.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.The war troops return as the war ends later on the year. The war ends by the end of the year.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Uprisings begin in Sardinia for further freedom and desire of independence from the French monarchy and the African Kingdom. However, for the time being African peoples influx continue entering the country. The war ends by the end of the year.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The local language in Africa continues growing as most of the population (83% of 1.53 million) the rest speaking some Germanic languages (mostly from Rhenish settlers) with 8%, Arabic with 4% and Sardo-African with 5%.
    • French Mali: Due to vast piracy campaigns which France and Spain have contributed to has resulted in many pirate coves in the Bissagos Islands, and as a result a larger influx of Frenchmen arrived this year, though they still don't even make up 1% yet. Ports continue to expand appropriately and the region becomes a place worth note on many maps. Roads continue to be built to outlying villages and plantations continue to be built.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure and navy are built up. The war ends by the end of the year
    • Free City of Danzig: The military, economy, infrastructure, and navy are built up, the establishment of the City as a Vassal of France after the occupation of the city since 1655.
    • Cahokie: The country receives huge numbers of French settlers slowly displacing the local tribes fleeing to other tribal kingdoms in the region. Christianization begins. Military, navy, infrastructure and economy are built up. Cedes its southern portion of territory to the colony of Rouenelle. The Western Half of Chahta and Chickasha are annexed by the kingdom, while the rest is rewarded to the Colony of Rouenelle.
  • Demak Sultanate:We start expanding our military and continue to raise a fleet. We start vassalizing the territory to our north (Turn One of Three).
  • The Cherokee Nation and the Shawana Nation: The Cherokee recovers from the war against the Creek, the military is developed and the Shawana and Cherokee armies begin to train together. General Galegenoh alongside the Romans continue to pacify the Creek to ensure that they will be good subjects. Price Sequoyah returns to the capital alongside the Koasati chief, where the Chief reluctantly agrees to bend the knee and become a vassal to the Cherokee. The Chief stays in the capital for the rest of the year as he works out the terms of the vassal agreement with King Degataga. Prince Sequoyah while in the capital finds a suitable bride too, she is the daughter of a Cherokee noble from the west of the Cherokee nation. Prince Sequoyah plans his wedding to take place next year, and asks the Koasati Chief to attend it as well as a symbol of his new friendship with the Cherokee. Elsewhere the Shawana Nation begins to build up its military as King Waya and Queen Ama lead the Shawana nation into a greater military cooperation with the Cherokee. King Waya hears of the news his brother is to marry, however his wife is unable to come after giving birth to their fivth child, a daughter who they name Adsila. Prince Sequoyah sends congratulations following Queen Ama and plans to visit his new niece with his future wife in the near future.
  • Wu China: The Chinese improve their military
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: Modernization continues, with numerous European immigrants accelerating technological advancements. Much of the upper class now speaks French in addition to Cree, and interest in French culture and food grows. Meanwhile, farmers in northern areas finish domesticating captured musk oxen, in order to replace cattle, which generally die in huge numbers every winter. Nomadic herding, of reindeer, musk oxen and horses, increases in importance. Tsicha continues to be produced. The addition of certain herbs gives it hallucinogenic properties, making it far more popular than previously. The military grows, especially the navy. Cavalry increases in importance, while the navy and merchant marine reach a far larger size and efficiency from years of purchase, both from France and on the black market. Nehilaw traders plan a massive voyage to reach Europe for the first time, but this will probably not occur for some time, due to the logistics. Fishing continues to expand its importance to the Nehilaw economy, especially the massive cod fisheries off Newfoundland. Fishermen there come into contact with Croatian settlers, to general surprise. Fishermen build a seasonal fishing camp on the island of Igulik (OTL Belle Isle). Several fishermen stay over the winter this year. Musk oxen are transported to the island to sustain them, and soon multiply. The Nehilaw begin a major program of expansion to fill in the enclave of unsettled territory, expanding into it as much as possible.
    • Chippewa: The military improves while numerous Crees immigrate.
    • Mackinac: The military improves.
    • Odawa: The military improves.
    • Chisasibi: The military improves.
    • North Ojibwe: The military improves.
  • Hispania: The Kingdom of Spain itself begins to see a small demographical decline as the immigration to colonies for the economic opportunity is on the rise. The Spanish nobility even sees a large sort of Decline as many of the younger sons and daughters go to the Spanish colonies as the example has been set by the Royal Familiy. The Commercial reforms for the empire reach completion with a notable increase in the economy as a result. Cape Ferdinand gains further investment as gold, and other raw materials have been discovered of worth within the previously port/trade oriented colony. The royal government continues to develop plans for the eventual reconquest of Hawaii. The Hispanian navy begins further development of its new larger classes of ships, churning out first rate flagships for various fleets, and more Third rates, and fourth Rates with the occasional Second rate to augment the smaller patrol fleets. The Hispanian fleet triumphs over Japan and secures her trade routes. The Empire begins to influence Vorlayacor (Turn Three of Three) using dominant trading power and a near monopoly of Spanish trade to permeate the nation with Spanish influence The Hispanian military begins major reforms using its major surplus in budget to form multiple new armies. The First army is just a reformed domestic force to be based in Spain of almost 40,000 (not all of which is constantly mobilized). The Second is an expansion of the italian force to nearly 25,000 and being renamed to the the Army of Italy. The final force is a force of 10,000 loyal Spaniards in North Africa, forming the Army of North Africa. Emperor Juan II has his first Child, looking much like his father he is named Juan III
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army is drawn back to 40,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire or are Spanish cultured. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. Italy continues its economic buildup become a large part of the Spanish economy. The Italians show some minor unrest under the Spanish but the growing Hispanicized populace in Southern Italy is beginning to overtake various cultures within the southern territories. Some cultures such as Sicilian one of the most dominant in Southern Italy have become a closely tied culture with Spanish with a common "Hispanian" Culture beginning to develop in the Historic Kingdom of Naples area as well as farther within Italy now as well.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a  fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The Kingdom of Lombardy continues its development of its armed forces, being aided by a domestic arms industry. The Economy of the kingdom officially becomes fully tied with the empire. The Navy of the kingdom is minor standing at 25 ships. The Military stands at 25,000. Hispanization of Lombardy continues.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavily under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses. The population of Morocco is at an estimated 2.7 million with many being of mixed race or Spanish origin. The Moroccan culture, however, is wholly Spanish. The Moroccan nation sees some emigration from the nation to Spanish colonies but sees no real drain as many of them are Berbers or Mestizos looking for work other than farm work in Morocco.
    • Kingdom of Algiers: With the conquest of Algiers the Moroccan state continues to occupy and pacify Algiers flooding it with new Spaniards as nobles. The Imperial system is established in Algiers and a local force of about 2000 is established and run purely by the Spanish. The economy is obviously weak but begins to be recovered due to inclusion into the Spanish system. The Kingdom of Algiers is established and many Muslim fighters and their families are exiled into the deserts with the government unwilling to deal with the ultra-orthodox or radical Muslims. The Algerian kingdom begins using low class Muslim labor to begin working on canals much like Morocco. With recent history in Morocco many Algerians simply emigrate from the area to avoid wholesale slaughter or forced slave labor. Along with this many begin to convert as Christianity takes dominant presence due to a large Spanish settler class in Algiers of nearly 30,000.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Spain's massive West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Spain and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about two million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had. The Spanish settlers in the Kongo only number about 2000.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.5 million with many living within the Cuba island territory. Morelia officially finishes its expansion having nowhere else to go. Its armed forces reach force of about 5000 Colonial Spaniards supplied by the Spanish from home.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand. The mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha - a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha drops to barely six million as the disease has ravaged the massive nearly untouched indian community in the western states. This has a massive impact as the vulnerability of the natives is considered a breaking point for the Spanish attempts to recruit them for a labor force.
    • Zapoteca: The Protectorate of Zapoteca after years of expanding begins the major integration of the new territories looking to integrate them fully. With a population of about four million Zapoteca re-arms its military into a force of about 40,000. Zapoteca also begins to consider Redistricting with more authority over Tenocha being granted while Itzapam is ceded to Morealia. The Zapotecan fleet is expanded further and a coastal highway is built up and connected with roads in Tenocha. Zapoteca boasts a large Mestizo population but also maintains a moderately sized New World born Spanish population which administrates a good amount of the Zapotecan territories
    • Mission of New Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the unorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the unorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezian military is Raised to nearly 25,000 from its new Italian territories and exiles all Germans/Austrians from the territory only leaving Italians and Hispanians (Hispanicized Italians) Venezia continues its integration of the new territory. Venezia continues on a massive path toward hispanicization.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 75,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy - in order to expand the food supply of the large colony - expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. New Spain reaches a population of nearly 4.3 million and growing through immigration and domestic growth as well as inclusion of hispanicized natives and unhispanicized natives. The Viceroyalty with full authority of the Emperor issues a series of land grants to respectable people along the Interior territories and along the West Coast of the continent throughout Chile, this puts the Mapuche and Chilean territories officially under control of New Spain. With this inclusion the vast new tracts of territory begin to be settled further to expand existing internal cities. Along with this the attractiveness of Cash cropping leads many to take out loans from the Royal Bank in New Spain which begins the development of further cash croppingsuch as cotton, yerba mate, wheat, barley, grapes, and a host of other cash crops keeping the crops on a rotationary cycle in order to keep prices in a fluctuation over the years and for field rejuvenation.
    • Vorlayacor: The Nation of Vorlayacor is officially brought back into the Empire with a population of 1.3 million, a Solid Spanish built navy, and now military access to the Colonial Military Authority. The local ruler is left in his position and is granted as the Governor of Vorlayacor given a Spanish advisor and nearly 5000 of New Spain's colonial militia to establish solid Spanish control of the territory. Many see this as an affront as Vorlayacor was forced into its current position through Imperialist Spaniards. Regardless now with cheaper goods being part of the empire than being outside of it, the Vorlayacoran populace is relatively passive. Many border restrictions are eased in regards to New Spain and Vorlayacor to encourage some White immigration to the area to form the core of a new white settler population here. Fleet is expanded to about 20 ships. The Military is a force sent from New Spain acting as the military force for the nation.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand rises to 120,000 colonists as many new settlers arrive due to the investment. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 75 px. Settlers along the Orange River begin an ambitious irrigation project. The Orange River settlers begin to mine diamonds. The Colony itself begins to see a notable growth of its Agricultural centers becoming a decent exporter of Agricultural goods. Along with this a rather unorthodox product has come about. Zulu soldiers previously hired out and trained as colonial troops have come some of South Africas most loyal and vehement supporters of Spain and here empire seeing her as the Bringers of Civilization, and with the wide adoption of Christianity among many Zulu peoples has led to them becoming a rather accepted demographic in the society of the Colony. This however has led to relative tension as Zulu and Colonial troops are forced to take extremely harsh measures against other natives. This leads to the creation of the Zulu only policy, set on making Zulus the only Black Demographic in South africa with significant populations in proportion to White Spaniards.
    • Viceroyalty of New Granada: The Viceroyalty of New Granada sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 100 px. The colony's population expands to around 410,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the city of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 35,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco City. New Granada begins seeing some native resistance but forces many out in favor of settlers, Some native groups, however, seem rather keen on assimilation with the Spaniards adopting Spanish culture, Spanish language, and in some cases marrying Spanish men, and working for Spanish people. With life on the frontier rather hard, the Spaniards have great welcome for cheaper workers who are willing to adopt all aspects of Spanish culture. Taking a cue from the conquests of territory in New Spain by the natives, the Colonial forces here use a divide and conquer strategy pitting some native tribes against each other and then eliminating the survivors. New Granada with its various mountains and with some territory in the valley secured, begins to implement the learned inca method of terrace farming which is standard even in Spain at this point. The farming in general begins to show promise as surplus yields begins to show. The Forests in the area begin to be cut for ship building which quickly picks up as various Spanish trade companies and even the highly militarized Spanish Asian companies begins picking up on these developing the local economy into something impressive. Various cash crops also begin to be grown - most particularly cotton and now Grapes as well as the hybrid grape is bred and planted.
    • Philippines: Spain continues to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. Investment from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Philippines officially becomes the hub of the Spanish military in Asia. 2500 troops from the Philippines (most of them Spanish) are deployed to Burma to crush the revolt. Talks of turning the Philippines into a Crown Viceroyalty go underway. The Philippines shows notable Spanish settlement with nearly 3000 Spaniards living on the islands, mostly in Manila.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy. The protectorate of Oyo expands its armed forces to nearly 20,000 all made up of some of the minorities in the area and led by Spanish officers. A large community of Spaniards begins to develop on in the protectorate with about 3000 people between Spaniards, and Hispanicized Italians living along the coast.
    • East African Protectorates: The military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe. The potential division of the EAP is proposed with Madagasikara, Maputo, and Mozambika becoming three separate entities within the Empire. This decision shows a great deal of support as the decentralized nature of the current governmental force has become a major issue in dealing with the three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port. The company navy along with Madras maintains nearly 70 ships for personal use 20 of these being top-of-the-line warships. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambhat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 150,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Greater Cochin: The Protectorate of Greater Cochin is formed following the revolt of the noble and with this the nobility more or less are forced to give up their titles. They are all more or less replaced with a Spanish aristocracy which now run the country. With this the unification of Dawei and Shan under Cochin the new state begins an aggressive integrationist policy. The Sepoya troops in Cochin are expanded to nearly 8000 and the economic policies are used to increase the productivity of the territory. The Greater Cochin area now houses nearly 1000 Spanish marines now using it as a major base of operations in the region.
    • Shanghai: The city of Shanghai - due to its presence on the mainland of China proper - becomes a massive economic and trade port for the empire only just a few years but with direct access to Chinese goods coveted by Europe a huge volume of trade ships numbering in the hundreds flood the port purchasing the goods and transporting them across the Pacific via Spain global trade route. Shanghai hears of the first potential immunization for smallpox via Chinese texts and begins looking into it. The Sepoya troops of Shanghai are officially drawn down to about 5000 for the time being with it being split with a Japanese force and a Shanghaian Force of about 2500 apiece both led by Spanish officers and troops. Shanghai is named the headquarters of the overseas South China Sea Company and manages to secure 500 elite Spaniard troops to guard the interest in China. The newly built trade port of Heian is put under Shanghai's operational umbrella on the island of Hainan.
    • Qingdao: Qingdao - due to further distance - is set up as another South China Sea Company ruled territory and the good from the area are used to attract traders here as well. This is done to prevent the city of Shanghai being the only major Spanish Chinese port. The company invests into a force of about 1000 to hold the city and now about 30 top-of-the-line ships.
    • New Aragon: New Aragon is officially established as an independent viceroyalty with the discovery of another organized state in Australia with plans to begin expansion around 1700. The Areas shows a large influx of Spanish military settlers looking to keep any hostility down on the continent of Australia. The Force here is at about 300 with a grand total population of about 2000. The emerging importance of this territory becomes increasingly important as New Aragon is given ten top-of-

the-line ships, and about 500 marines to keep the area a major territory of Spanish influence. New Aragon begins considering the opening up of a new Colony on the now named Continent of Australia.

  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1699, Bavaria expands its economy. National infrastructure is developed. The population continues to rise. Trausnitz, Landshut continues to be the national capital. In Munchen, Queen Isabell University remains a staple of education in Bavaria. King Franz-Dominic I, aged 40, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction into Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Rome, and Bohemia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In domestic news, King Franz-Dominic continues attempting to propagate the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 50% of Bavaro-German secondary speakers in Franken-Sachsen, and uptick of 35% of primary speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 5000 remaining in Saxony, and 5000 in Thuringia. With the Bohemian revolt, Leopold orders that several infrastructure projects be started in Brandenburg and Pomerania instead of Bohemia. The 5000 troops in Bohemia are split and diverted to Osterreich and Brandenburg/Pomerania. 2500 arrive in Osterreich, while 1000 and 1500 arrive in Brandenburg and Pomerania, respectively. The King sends financial and food aid to Austria, and announces that the Bavarian crown will pay for 35% of all infrastructural renovations in Austria, Brandenburg, Pomerania. In royal news, the King's children are: Maria (born 1684). In economic news, the previously informal, regional Landshut Stock Exchange is given a royal charter and given full benefits of a crown backed enterprise. In social and political news, the actions of the Bavarian crown in dealing with Austria, Brandenburg, and Pomerania have become widely known and popular. Several scholars at the Isabell University in Munich have labelled the relief efforts as a Restoration. Soon, many people refer to the massive tax cuts, infrastructural reconstructions, and general aid as Restoration. When dealing with the south, many in Bavaria label the restoration as Austrian Reconstruction. Army reforms continue, making substantial progress in modernizing the standing forces, in part by sweeping away feudal levies. In political news, Franz-Dominic I continues to sit at both Bavarian and Austrian privy councils, the separation having occurred in 1668. In cultural news, Wolfgang Diefenbach establishes himself as a prominent European scientist, and immediately sets up a proto-salon in Berlin. In political news, several parliamentary factions spring up in the Curia Bavaria. Several factions are opposed to both the existence of the Curia Austria as well as the latter's call for a larger, country-wide parliament. In other news, Karl, Franz-Dominic's brother, finally has a child, who he names Albert, born in 1694. In cultural news, King Franz-Dominic pays close attention to playwright Heinrich Guttenburg, and in April, invites him to Trausnitz to perform Phädra. The showing occurs successfully to a wide audience of nobles and Guttenburg's popularity rises.
    • Curia Bavaria: The Curia Bavaria, also known as the Bavarian Parliament, continue to operate in the Parliamentary Palace in Landshut. Parliament orders the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law.
    • Grand Duchy of Franken-Sachsen: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I, aged 40, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Leopold normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion.
    • City of Lübeck: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The port of Lübeck is expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Duchy of Neustadt: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The ports of Fehmarn are expanded and several ships are constructed.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Leopold continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Kingdom of Austria: Troops authorized by Franz-Dominic I continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Osterreich (Austria) in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. King Leopold orders that 5000 troops be sent to Austria to standby. Food and financial aid is sent to Austria, primarily to Vienna and surrounding cities. Furthermore, Leopold sends messengers to Vienna officials noting that the Bavarian crown will be paying for 50% of all Vienna-based infrastructure projects. He also notes that the taxes of the Austrian populace will be moderately lowered, lower than pre-war levels, in the face of the devastation of the war. He also announces aid will be increased over the next few years. In early 1667, an Austrian scholar and merchant, named Karl Manzkari, establishes a trade outpost in Vienna. Initially attracting local merchants, it soon amasses a large array of traders, mostly from northern Austria. In 1668, Karl Manzkari establishes a much smaller outpost in another section of Vienna, hoping to attract more business. The Austrian Council is created as an independent privy council for King Leopold II.
    • Curia Austria: Work on the Parliamentary Palace in Vienna finishes. A number of 186 Austrians sit in the Austrian parliament. Most of the laws they pass concern continual relief for Vienna and various infrastructural reconstructions around Austria. The Curia Austria is tentatively popular in Vienna, with most welcoming a separate legislative body, while others see it as a Bavarian puppet. New roads continue to be constructed. The Curia Austria call for greater legislative power in Austria, and perhaps a large legislature servicing all Bavarian realms, one which would be an Upper house while the Curia Bavaria and Curia Austria would be regional lower houses.
    • Margraviate of Brandenburg: Troops authorized by Margrave Albert II, age 39, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Brandenburg in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Albert orders that several infrastructure commissions are created in order to repair the extreme damage to Brandenburg after the war. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Brandenburg. Wolfgang Diefenbach's first scientific meeting in Berlin is successful. The first scientific meeting will occur in 1675. Young Albert is married off to Maria von Hamburg. Margrave Albert II has two children, Karolina (born 1679), and Albert (born 1683). Albert II and Maria have a child this year, who they name Albert.
    • Duchy of Pomerania: Troops authorized by Duchess Mary, age 31, continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Poorhouses are established all over Pomerania in order to aid all those afflicted by the recent destructive war. Furthermore, Franz-Ballard orders that several repairs commence on the several ports in Pomerania, including heavy repairs on the main ports. This is done to revitalize trade, commerce and transport as soon as possible. Later on, Leopold and Franz-Ballard plan on touring Pomerania in order to make it known that he holds no ill will for any Pomeranian. As with Austria, the Bavarian crown will pay for 50% of all renovations in Pomerania. Mary of Pomerania is married to Henry von Hamburg in a matrilineal match, so children would be under the Wittelsbach dynasty. Franz-Ballard, knowing he is unable to produce children, and does not care much for another marriage, declares Mary to be his heir. Princess Mary and Henry von Hamburg have a daughter in 1687, who they name Margaret. Princess Mary has a son this year, who she names Franz-Heinrich. In royal news, Duchess Mary is immediately overshadowed by her husband Henry, who takes a dominant role in Pomeranian politics. Mary feels as if she is being throttled by her husband's power and begins communicating with several of her courtiers on how to mitigate his influence.
    • Royal Bavarian Stock Company: The RBSC, founded in the late fifteenth century, is finally formalized and given a royal charter by King Leopold II in 1662. The RBSC operate chiefly in Landshut, where a stock exchange floor continues to remain active. Branches of the RBSC exist in München, Regensberg, and Berlin. Adalbert Völcher, Edmund von Rot-Pferd, and Markus-Paul Ehrbach are among the most prominent merchants and leaders in the RBSC.
    • New Bavaria: The colony of Nei Baiern continues to expand in population. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, Bayreuth, Nei Regens, and Regenholz all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 750 km. The militias and shops are developed. A small logging and fishing town is founded north of Wilhelmsbaum island, on the mainland. The settlement, mainly populated by Saxons, comes to be called Regenholz.
    • Pearl River: The outpost of Perlefluss is established. A capital is expected to be constructed over the next few years. The capital of Pearl River is established, which the settlers name Perlefluss (Pearl River) after the outpost itself.
  • In Pskov, the GDP rises along with average wages. Knyaz-Namestnik Fredrik Hohenzollern is named the eventual "Acting Sovereign" by a decision after this year's Grand Summit, when they decided who would take oin the Responsibilities of the 68-year old Supreme Duchess in the eventual case of her demise. Another thing that came out of this year's Summit is the plan for a connected network of roads to increase communication between all the UK republics. The first steps to build a united road network is begun "To rival that of ancient Rome" at the City of Narva, where the first cobble roads are laid out, and construction begins to connect Pskov, Taalinn, and Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve. This is especially important because the city lies at the border, and the decision to start there only shows co-operations between all states involved. In any case, the situation in Danzig calms a bit. However, tensions remain high. The PIC goes to France to try to purchase the Caroline Islands, the southern of which they were already de facto administering anyway. In any case, Pskovian military and Navy get a slight boost due to the Economic growth occuring. Cash crops in the Americas such as cotton farmed in the Bahamas and Sugar and the like farmed in the Leeward Islands are big commodities in Europe and bring the PIC, and therefore Pskov, profit. Gold is also being mined in Zlatobrezhie which brings profit. Meanwhile, there, many administrators are now local, and Pskov are simply now the higher-ranking officials, already infiltrating the language and high culture, with many wealthy Zlatobrezhians gaining and education in the University of Pskov. The first Academy is opened in Zlatobrezhie, run by the church, and as missionaries continue the work of thse sent before them, stuff happens, and Christianity grows. In any case, some traders set up shop in Senegal for the first time. The Pskovians manage to procure a trade deal with the local governement, and the PIC opens its first branch in the Senegalese capital. From there, they plan on discovering every resource exploitable, this multinational corporations will not elave a single source of income for Pskov untapped. The first meetings with the Etat de Danzig and Croatia to settle the Danzig issue are scheduled for next year. The Events in the Neighbouring Russian states are watched with great intrigue, and a decision is made by the New Veche in a secret session to fund dissent amongst Russians against the tsar, and arm possible "republican" rebels in Novgorod. Much of the support comes from descendants of the Republicans in the Novgorod civil war that fled to Pskov once the civil war in Novgorod was over. Covert agents are sent into Novgorod and some into Moscow to incite crowds against the Tsar. The Events in the Imperial Sea are viewed with much caution, as the PIC debates what to do, In the end, the decision is made to continue trading with everyone, and to pose a position of "armed neutrality" in the conflict. This position is adopted by many members of the Veche, and an act is passed declaring a state of "Readily Armed Neutrality" in the Americas, taking no position, and not firing unless fired upon, and continue to trade regardless of the actions of the parties. In this year's grand summit, the issue of international unity begins to be discussed, To better show unity, a decision is made, and next year it will be executed ...***The Federal Republic of Eesti reacts with indifference to the tensions building up in Danzig. "It's not really our problem, let the United Republic deal with it" is the general sentiment to people that either know about it, or are peripherally involved, like the Riigikogu. In any case the military is upgraded with flintlocks and whatnot. The Peaminister of Eesti agrees to meet in Riga, and attends what he dubbed the "Grand Summit".
      • In Latvia, economic dev happens as farming methods are improved, and Pskovina merchants invest in possible future profits. The President of the Seima attends the Grand Summit.
      • In Lithuania, the military is improved by purchasing weaponry from Pskov and stuff, the Prime Minster attends the Grand Summit.
      • In the United Republic of Prussia and Danzig benefits from the de facto free trade with Croatia begin to show and grow its economy, GDP, and average wages, as Prussian merchants, quick to capitalize on the downfall of aristocratic privileges in favour of wealth privileges (that many nobles got because they were also wealthy, and those that were did not care of the fate of the "lesser" nobility). In any case, the Prussian army waits at the gates of Danzig, hoping to gain access to the city. However, the French do not let them in, and refuse to give taxes, as Danzig belonging to France is not official in any treaty, but rather de facto. This is due to the change in administration, and the public outcry by the new leader of the Bundestag. In any case, this might actually harm some people, so many Prussians living in cities watch the situation with great care ... or at least try to in the era of information traveling very slowly. The Chancellor attends the Grand Summit.

Footnotes

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