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1610 to 1619 (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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Archive Twenty-One:

1600 - 1609

Archive Twenty-Two:

1610 - 1619

Archive Twenty-Three:

1620 - 1629

This page is an archive for the Principia Moderni III map game, from 1610 to 1619.

1610

In Rome, Pope Victor V dies, and in the subsequent conclave, the Genoese Antonio Maria Sauli is elected Pope, taking the Papal name of Celestine IX.

Archbishop Otmar Müller of St Gall dies unexpectedly at the age of sixty-eight. A session of the Reichstag is called in Augsburg to elect a new chancellor for the Holy Roman Empire. In St Gall he is succeeded by Pius Sfondrati.

Settlers from Livonia and the Kingdom of Prussia begin establishing rival settlements in the OTL Bahamas region, leading to a number of conflicting claims. The claims cause many problems in the colonies, including the breakdown of relations.

How about you give us the situation and then we have to resolve it, not telling us how our diplomacy must be conducted. Thanks, ~Rex
IDK but that's a pretty plausible set up of reactions between rival countries and their settlers ... -Feud
Prussia and I have never been rivals since my independence. We both despised the old rulers, and we forged close bonds after the split of Prussia. Furthermore, we both have the exact same leaders as we did at the time of the war, so our friendship is further cemented. Also, MODS DO NOT DETERMINE PLAYER ACTIONS. Even if it is plausible, doesn't mean there are not other alternatives (treaties, arbitration, etc). ~Rex
You've never been rivals? So the pre-requesete to be rivals, is to already have been rivals? Where's the starting point? Whatever is convinent? Besides, this doesn't make you rivals, it doesn't say that at all. It just says that your settlers are settling each others areas, so you both have a fun new topic of discussion to get huffy and puffy about the next time Prussia and Livonia talk to one another. If it was making you rivals, it would say something akin to "Relations deteriorate to the point of no return". - Eip

According to European polls, Scandinavia is the country with the world's 'pointiest nipples' thanks to the recent winter.

Note: please watch out when posting, I've noticed turns being removed (on purpose or on accident) but please be careful. -Feud

  • Hamburg-Holstein-Mecklenburg: The year begins with renovations for the Kiel and Lauenburg Canals planned, specifically the iron lock doors at either ends. Thicker and sturdier designs are built and prepared to be moved in. Meanwhile, the navy commissions several two-decker warships. One of them, the Heinrich II is named the flagship of the Borealia squadron in Neu Braunschweig. The road and infrastructure improvements continue. With the Pskovian declaration of war on Livonia, Hamburg honors its alliance with Livonia and declares war on Pskov.
    • Duchy of Stade: Military and economy expanded.
    • Prince-Archbishopric of Münster: Military and economy expanded.
  • Sultanate of Yemen (سلطنة اليمن): Following the death of the Sultan due to his old age, his eldest son and heir to the throne; Prince Ahmad bin Usman al-Mahri bin Fadhle was declared the new Sultan. The new Sultan was keen on developing relations with foreign states especially the Damascan Sultanate, Sultanate of Oman and the Roman Empire after Yemen had been left in isolation during the tyrannical reign of the false Prophet. The Sultan ordered the construction of wells and transportation of food supplies to the underdeveloped areas and himself arrived to comfort the people suffering. Although referred to as naive by many people of the Royal family, he was considered a saint by the poor people. He ordered the construction of a major port near the Bab-el-Mandeb to be utilized by foreign states who were passing through and ordered an increase in the sale of coffee to foreign nations and tried his very best to prevent others from finding out the way to grow and make coffee. The Sultan gave orders that every male above the age of 16 would receive military training regardless of the fact as to whether he was willing to join the military or not. This move was taken so as to make sure the people of the nation are strong enough to fight if war ever started and finally, after discussion with close advisors; the Sultan proclaimed the start of a plan to develop the infrastructure to Yemen to make sure that at least 90% of the population had a home to live in and with the plan near completion, the population booms. The military was equipped with muskets and snaphaunces, with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy and importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and camels as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. The areas near Oman being sparsely populated and mostly deserted had been used for military training and military exercises. The military was indeed much more capable of fighting in the desert than various states and the navy was developed to prevent any attempt by any foreign states to block the Bab-el-Mandeb. The navy was mostly deployed near the Bab-el-Mandeb although the Yemeni navy routinely patrolled the waters near its borders and was on many occasions, sent along with merchant ships carrying goods from India and the East Indies to severely reduce chances of pirates capturing the ships. The construction of four frigates annually, equipped with 80 cannons each was ordered. Meanwhile, our economy boomed due to our control over the three major islands of Farasan, Zuqar and Dahlek which granted us a lot of control over the Bab-el-Mandeb and the navy too was deployed to protect the islands. We concentrated our trade mainly with the Damascus Sultanate although trade with Bengal, Mansuriyya, Roman Empire and Bengal too played a huge part in our economy. Our influence spread rapidly through Eritrea as many missionaries were also sent to spread Islam and construct mosques as well as spread Yemenis culture. Trade with Bengal had soon come to a halt and instead Yemen now depended upon Croatia for the import of Indian goods through Goa but soon this decision was reverted, and trade once again started with Bengal We expand 25px in Western Arabia. Meanwhile, missionaries were sent to the Kingdom of Abyssinia to spread Islam amongst the people and collaborate with Christian missionaries to form brotherhood between Muslims and Christians. Many Yemeni nobles were ordered to marry their Abyssinian counterparts and plans to sign a free trade agreement were made. The Sultan exported large amounts if coffee to Abyssinia and plans to construct a major port for Abyssinia were made. Meanwhile, trade with Mediterranean states had led to Yemen heavily depending upon the Straits of Tiran (Yemen has poor relations with Egypt) and with the discovery of an island at the mouth of the straits, the Yemeni military quickly launched an invasion and captured the island thus protecting Yemeni trade and having a military base quite near the Philadelphi Canal. The presence of Yemen right at the mouth of the Straits of Tiran also meant that Yemen would not face much difficulty in conducting reconnaissance and espionage missions directed toward Egypt. After a series of attacks on Yemen's Christian community, the Sultan ordered the assailants to be put to death and announced equal rights for the People of the Book living in Yemen, Iritriyā or al Somal and to prove that all the people would be treated equally, he ordered the construction of the Church of Al Yemen (Turn Five of Five); a move which angered many clerics but most of them restrained from protesting at the thought of being beheaded for treachery. With the recent purchase of the Masirah Island, Yemeni influence drastically increased in the Arabian Sea and a minor port was constructed at the island. Eco Turn and Infra Turn
    • Sultanate of Iritriyā (سلطنة إريتريا): Sultan Ahmad bin Usman al-Mahri bin Fadhle was proclaimed the King of Ahritriya and plans to develop the African Kingdom were made by first constructing a major port at the Straits of Mandeb to counter that of the Damascan Sultanate. Missionaries had started to set up religious schools and mosques for the spread of Islam and the calling of Azaan was made compulsory at every town at Ahritriya. Order for the cultivation of coffee was given. The military was equipped with muskets and the infantry were trained by Yemeni men. The purchase of slaves from Ahritriya and neighbouring tribes had begun due to the lack of workers at Yemen. The Sultan passed laws prohibiting anyone from mistreating their slaves and declared that the people of Iritriyā were equal to those of Yemen. In order to increase the living standards of the people, the construction of mud brick houses as well as the setting up of wells had started. Mil Turn and Eco Turn
    • Emirate of al Somal (إمارة آل الصومال): Prince Hamza bin Ahmad Al-Mahri bin Fadhle was appointed as the Governor of Al Somal and under his orders, progress was made in developing the living conditions of the people living by the coast. The Al Yamanah Militia was permanently deployed to maintain order and control over the region and with the recent purchase of inner Somalia by Romania, the Militia had rid itself of the more troublesome tribes but had also managed to invest more on Law and Order using the money. The people were held under surveillance to purge the troublemakers from the society and to make sure no one was plotting against the authority. Meanwhile, the entire Royal family that had previously ruled over Al Somal had been gotten ridden of in a regicide and anyone supporting a return of any monarchy had his tongue pulled out. The people were thus largely oppressed although the living conditions and treatment of those who supported the regime was above average. Minor ports had been built and fishing remained a major occupation for those living by the coast. Many slaves were purchased by wealthy business men from Yemen and everyone above the age of 16 was given military training in the deserts of Yemen before being sent back to al Somal. Eco Turn and Mil Turn
      • Yemen - Ethiopia Diplomacy: The Sultan of Yemen requests the King of Ethiopia to allow Islam to spread in its lands and to protect all People of the Book as Yemen has done. The King of Ethiopia is reminded of Yemen and Ethiopia's long standing relations as well as the benevolence showed by the Christian King Najashi (Negus) when Muslim refugees had arrived from Mecca in 613, fleeing from the Pagans and were protected by Negus and thus the current King of Ethiopia must show similar benevolence and allow Islamic missionaries to preach Islam. [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the naus continue being used. Naval explorations directed to the west continue. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz expands north by 2500 sq km. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz. Meanwhile, pau-brasil (brazilwood) starts to be extracted in the colony. Meanwhile, the colony of São Sebastião expands 2500 sq km.
  • |onte: Continues to have a large surplus of grain and rice. Though adopting "western farming", the idea of "the tribe" is still very much so alive, as people always share the crops they have grown, or the animals they have hunted amongst the community. Due to the policy of planting tree groves, desert reclamation has started taking serious effect in some parts of |onte. This year has resulted in sixty elephants being killed. A new expansion of the elephant pen has begun. |onte's population rises to over 1,745,000. The city of Kunene, the city of marble, reaches almost 100,000 people. Mon VII takes on the expansion north 300 sq km (6 pixels) a year with the Eheresito hu Kunene. Mon V brings books from |onte to !Xoonte as a gift, and a few gifts of ivory hoping to improve relations with their King, and spread |on culture. Mon V begins teaching the King of Zimbabwe about the many wonders of literature and |on, along with giving him many gifts. So Kuneneli offers to sell the rest of his paintings to the British. It has become the fashion, in Kunene, for men to go without the traditional loincloth, and embrace masculinity. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX is intrigued by the concept of laws. Mon V dies.
  • Hispania: The Spanish populace hovers around 14 million and thanks in large part to the implementation of learned Incan farming methods, and the incorporation of some of the new American staple crops into Spanish diet. Population growth, however, is becoming increasingly stunted by many Spaniards - even some of noble birth - immigrating to the colonies and other territories overseas. The immigration of multiple high nobles confuses the parliament and King but allows this to continue seeing it as a way to organize troops and territories further under the Viceroy. The economy, thanks to the aggressive colonialism, continues to expand immensely and the Spanish economy becomes the most powerful in Europe passing the French economy by leaps and bounds with the massive influx of gold, silver and jewels contributing heavily regardless of many of these precious items being non-integrated into the economy and stored. The armed forces continue their push to remain the most modern and begin to build a host of new ships to replace older ones which are sold to its vassals, trade companies and other territories of the Empire. The Empire continues large scale investments into the colonies and overseas territories ensuring loyalty and considerably more profitable. The Hispanian navy finishes its first group of its new two-decker ships, a major departure from its previous designs and being much much more effective in combat than any other nations current craft and with new cannons even rivaling some of the Chinese designs.
    • Kingdom of Italy: Italy reaches its troop amount of 30,000 with it being armed and trained by Spanish troops in tactics. The Italian army is expanded moderately with some naval ships being purchased to replace losses. However, the Invulnerable Spanish army discourages any from speaking their mind and most deal with the relatively benevolent rule of the Spanish. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. The Auditore Gun company opens up several works in Spain proper becoming one of the exceptions to Spain's mercantilist policies. This leads to further employment of Spanish peoples so the parliament decides to pay for the migration of Auditore Firearms main office to Madrid. The current leading family member, Rodrigo Auditore agrees leaving his offices in italy attended to by family. The Wall of the Alps are finished and they are considered some of the most soundly constructed walls in Europe and allow for all non-sanctioned land travel into italy to be monitored and prevented if the men are undesirable.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a trade fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships. 15,000 troops are sent with a decent amount being mercenaries.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The New King  (King of Spain) is installed on the throne of Lombardy as his military leadership will be needed in the kingdom and the crown is tied with the Spanish one just as the Italian crown is. With this, he begins a process toward rebuilding the economy and military of the kingdom. The military is a raised force of 25,000 with many of them being pro-Spanish Hispanicized Italians which have been rapidly spreading across Italy. The population of Lombardy is at an estimated 1.5 million and counting. The Nation's economy is now in a process of integration into the Hispanian economy.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella. Its military forces are expanded to about 5000.
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavy under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Vatican City is re-instated as the Pope requested a small enclave of the Papacy for himself. Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population is two million. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about 1.5 million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had.
    • Mapuche: The Mapuche people begin to see the first mixed children between Spanish and Mapuche people. The Spanish institute the Ecomienda system. However, the Spanish governor, in order to keep control of the people, orders the Spanish heads of the system to treat the natives fairly in order to prevent mass deaths from overworking and resentment. Spanish farming techniques have definitely prevented starvation as the Mapuche continue to expand toward the coast building a road to connect it all. The Spanish governor, also using the local Mapuche as scouts, is able to expand much more than the Buenos Aires colony and uses this to his advantage to secure more land to be able to turn over to Spanish settlers. The royal governor ramps up expansion for some of the new plantation owners setting up expanding the the territory by 5000 sq km. The population of the Mapuche people is lowly put at about 15,000 with about 40,000 Spanish settlers living within the borders. The sharp increase in Mapuche is purely built out of many Mapuche starting to come back in order to live in peace under the Hesperian league's mandates.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Spanish begin to sponsor settlers in Morelia to begin expanding on the continent down the coast. (5000 sq km). The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.2 million with many living within the Cuba island territory.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand, the mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The Military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The Population of Tenocha is counted at nearly nine million with the inclusion of large native cities, expansion of the borders farther north, and the immigration of Spaniards. With this, however, a few prominent priests in Hispania have made it quite obvious that the Integrated native cities should be left alone outside of tribute collection and troop levies in order to preserve the working potential of theit population and prevent disease from totally wiping them out. Many, however, have begun to see a large rise in immunity to diseases such as smallpox. The Tenocha expand by 8000 sq km.
    • Mission of Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the disorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the disorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the Church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezians, unable to select a king from their remaining nobles, delegate to the Queen of Spain (Castile and Aragon) who chooses a man named Antonio Lo Grato to rule as Prince of Venice in place of the Queen of Spain. A well acclaimed and respected man, he immediately enacts reforms. The Venezian economy with access to the Spanish economy begins to recover and for the first time in years due to this. The Venezians begins its long road to naval recovery and begins to use its vast knowledge to begin building ships not only for itself but acquires the blueprints to improve on Spanish ships to allow for sale back to the king. The Venezian military is also raised to a token force of about 10,000 due to its location but remains lightly armed and unable to project power or fight any unsupported offensives.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 45,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the country side and establishing new towns and cities. The colony proper reaches nearly 1,000,000 in population seeing large amounts of Colonial immigration now from both Spain and Hispanicized Italians. This unprecedented size in population  The viceroy in order to expand the food supply of the large colony expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas.. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. The Colony specifically expands 50 px. This expansion, however, is stunted by a massive rainforest which after years of trying to penetrate has become more costly than not diverting further exploration attempts toward the Inca territories to the west. New Spain begins an immense project to attact settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. Of many cities developing some begin to gain large populations as well with multiple cities farther north and south develop heavily. Buenos Aires and San Sorento are the two largest cities in the colony with Buenos Aires maintaining 45,000 people and San Sorento maintaining about 30,000 people. Both cities are large coastal port cities. The unexpected guarantee of right as Spanish citizens leaves many people elated as being treated equally as the people who live in Spain. With this, the Viceroy unable to hold a higher position than royalty stands by as sub-viceroy to Cristo Di Habsburg. The tradition of many people of the royal family taking up residency in the colonies is well received as one of Cristos aging uncles visits him and lives with him as the Bishop of Buenos Aires.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand lowers to 45,000 colonists as many die to disease. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops.
    • New Granada: The colony of New Granada - formerly San Francisco - sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 25 px. The colony's population expands to around 50,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the colony of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. Another port settlement is established in the lucrative Bay of Juarez with the settlement of Arica established at the mouth of the river and the city heading north with port facilities being established.
    • Philippines: Spanish continue to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. The Spanish then begin to send in a royal governor who makes plans to expand the island nation, and begins work on its economy and military to do so. Gold and silver from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Colony itself. The Philippines expand (now 50 px) per Spanish order as the potential for hostile natives and other threats in the area has led to a switch in policy as well as the movement of nearly 2000 Spaniards and a fleet of nearly 20 warships to the area preventing any force from attacking to continue expansion. With the close of the revolt, the Chinese people within the borders are expelled by any means necessary.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals, and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy
    • Chile: The few hundred Spanish settlers who established some terraced farms and a small town expand settlements in the mountains to avoid earthquakes and other acts of God. The area is militarily supported by the CMA located in the Inca and a force of about 2000 is used to maintain order in the area. The Chilean royal governor along with the Colonial Authority begins to increase the economy of the area and is planning on a period of expansion coming up in the next few years. Chile continues to expand increasing to nearly 5000 sq km of Aymara territory and the discovery of massive silver deposits in which a native city now taken by Spaniards already stands, the population of Chile explodes with many gold and silver seekers moving to the area with the Spanish populace of Chile increasing from a mere 2000 to nearly 10,000 in a year and the natives further being integrated, especially the Aymara people. The population of the controlled territory is an estimated 250,000 and more being integrated and authority of the crown being imposed upon by the day
    • East African Protectorates: This military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The collective population of the protectorates is estimated at about five million between all three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port and the company buys nearly 15 top-of-the line ships from Spain to maintain her interests in the area. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain, the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. Spain properly also sells about 25 top-of-the-line war galleons and frigates to the company here. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 100,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Cochin: The troops following the seizure are scaled down to 1000 troops led and trained by Spanish officers. The economic output of the area is considerably large for a new acquisition with the agriculture expanded to be able to supply most of Hispania's territories in the region. This output is expanded to to include whatever metals are included and is to be included in the Spanish global trading network. The Royal governor of Cochin is established in the city of Bago, the areas greatest port city and impressed with it the Hispanian governor makes it the capital of the Spanish territory of Cochin. As a militaristic governor he immediately begins plans to keep the region secure and prevent further uprising, as well as make the territory profitable for him, and keep the Spanish East Indian Company out of the area. Cochin maintains an estimated population of about 450,000 and growing thanks to the economic opportunity of working and providing trade good for Spain.
    • Dawei: Dawei is continually rebuilt from the initial revolts and the city begins to experience an increase in trade and Spanish investment. The military of the area is increased to about 500 Sepoy troops with a support of about three Spanish war galleons to keep the peace. The city itself expands to start becoming a much more metropolitan city attracting many traders from across the area that cannot set up shop in the Spanish territory of Cochin. The city following its massive destruction in the revolt has a mere 30,000 people living within its boundaries but it is steadily increasing.
  • Mongol Khanate: The Mongols continue to expand their economy.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 3900 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand eastward by 700 sq km. The government decides to move on the Dutch reformists by allowing them to remain on the French territory, however, putting some taxes for allowing them free passage in French land. However, the French government makes clear that their beliefs are with Catholicism and that any attempt of violent expansion will be considered as an act of aggression and hence the Dutch-Wallon reformist may be persecuted. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans in the area of OTL Cundinamarca in the search of the Aureana - a city made of gold - in the vicinity of several lakes. Although not finding the city lots of gold gods are found and sent to France in order to boost the economy back on its feet. Mining begins in the Pirouien mountains and the region of Equatoriale Province for gold and silver though only a few are found. The colony of Nouvelle Orleans divides in five provinces New Orleans OTL northern Colombia and Antioquia Sableville in north western Venezuela, Equatoriale in southwest Colombia and Aurienne in the central areas and Emeraldia in central eastern Colombia. After years of ignoring an important part of the treaty, France decides helping Austria to rebuild initiating in the area of Tyrol and Western Austria. Due to close proximity to French Rhineland gold begins entering the economy of the country from Colombian and Peruvian mines. A colony is established. Saint Louis d'Africa continues expanding by 500 sq km and 200 sq km in Kenya. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The peasant revolt is ignored for now, although it proves the king that he may need to enforce a new politic in the ruralmost areas of France.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Rhineland officially withdraws from the HRE after the council votes on 65 against 35 on withdrawing from the HRE, the council begins creating a constitution based on both German and French laws to establish within the area of the kingdom.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Freibourg and Valais are withdrawn from the HRE following the withdrawal of Rhineland.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • French Mali: Military and economy are built up.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo and Ulsan.
    • Secret Mongol Diplomacy: The Mongol Khan asks if the Koreans might be interested in dividing the post-Chinese state of Qing between the two of them. NOTE: This is what I'm guessing the only state bordering the Mongol Khanate and Korea is called.
    • Secret Korea Diplomacy: Monarch Yeongchang, after some thought, is interested and agrees with the idea.
  • Roman Empire: Tragically, Theodore III dies this year, and on his deathbed feels like a failure. Despite this, he is loved by the vast majority of his subjects, and even the Borealian natives and the Serbs hold some fondness for him. His son Thomas takes the throne after a coronation involving the traditional Iron Crown, Bridle, and Lance, becoming Thomas II. Different from his father, Thomas II is much more concerned about the internal stability of the Empire and its territory, and as such is committed to resolving such issues. He orders an inspection of all military fortifications in Greece, Albania, Phoenicia, and Taurica to ensure that they are all properly garrisoned and fortified. He also expands the networks of forts in Anatolia, and increases the number of troops garrisoned in Anatolian territories. Continuing the policies of his father, Greeks are encouraged to move to Anatolia, and refounded settlements like Prussia, Illium and Ephesus begin to grow again as a result. Thomas II continues his father's policies of converting the Berbers in Cyrenaica to Christianity, offering those who do lower taxes and political incentives. Previous policies are kept with Turkic inhabitants of Roman territories, however, few Turks actually leave, amounting to maybe a few hundred every year. However, Thomas II discovers that his father was so focused on European interests that the Empire's colonies are largely defenseless, and makes efforts to change this. Fortifications are already present at Atlantis and Socotra, but other than that, the colonies are largely void of such defenses. Forts are, therefore, built in Roanoke, Powhatan, Delaware, and Yamasee, defending vital colonial cities like Reme, Avelinia, and Patropolis. Reme gets the most of the defenses, with twin forts guarding the sound, as well as small outposts outfitted with cannon on the outer banks. Reme is also equipped with a shipyard and armory to provide the troops stationed there with adequate weaponry and transport. At the colony of Antillia, fortified outposts are also constructed and equipped with cannon. The same happens in Malabar. To further expand the security of these colonies, relations with the Borealian natives are made a priority, and commitments with the Powhatan, Delaware, Taino, and Yamasee natives are extended. Roman officers train the natives in European tactics, and some educated natives are invited to take part in the government of the colonies. While this does help expand support amongst the natives, the ones in the interior are still hostile to Roman interests, and as such the Empire holds off. These improvements are largely possible thanks to an expansion of the Roman economy and the new quantity of trade goods available. Trade with Urdustan provides gems, opium, cannabis, and cotton to European markets, supplementing the rubber and pepper exported by Malabar. In the colonies, cash crops like rice, tobacco, hemp, indigo, and cotton are exported and make a sizable profit, while a few in Antillia begin experimenting with sugarcane. Socotra and Phoenicia provide dyes, and Phoenicia in particular provides high quality lumber such as cedar. Back in the mainland, Greece provides ample quantities of silver, marble, wine, raisins, saffron, fish, and olive oil. Constantinople, already the silk capital of Europe, expands its considerable trade influence and wealth. Whereas Theodore III sought to expand the Empire to its previous borders, Thomas II seems determined to make sure the gains of the last century are not lost. With the colonies largely placated at the moment and needing to consolidate, Thomas II turns his attentions to Anatolia. After gathering allies, Roman troops invade Cappadocia with popular support, as the region is full of Greeks. Siege weapons are brought along to deal with the occasional castle, yet few are present. The war goes on, with much success thanks to the loyalty of the native Greek population. By years end, the native Turk rulers and their forces have been largely annihilated and the region pacified, and the region is annexed into the Empire.
    • Serbia: The economy continues to prosper as the country grows back to its potential, and the export of goods continues to generate revenue. The new land from Croatia is incorporated, and most Serbs are content at this decision, as it unites all Serbs under one banner, save the ones in Montenegro. The military continues to train, and even as Roman officers train Serbian troops, they are regularly inspired by the valor of Serbian troops, and inform Thomas II that the Serbs would be a fine and feared addition to the Roman Army. As the cooperation of the Romans and Serbs increase, more and more nobles become Roman citizens, for multiple reasons. While this is not enough to change the state of the nation, it is promising. As a result of Bulgaria being annexed, the Serbs are a bit afraid, as they are unable to resist the Dacians on their own. As a result, the Serbs ask for annexation to the Empire, although a notable few resist. At the moment there is nothing, and as such it is peaceful. For now. Some small protests begin occurring as the movement for annexation increases.
    • Reme: Fortifications continue to be built, especially in cities like Reme, Avelinia and Patrapolis. Cash crops, like tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo, are continued to be planted in newly acquired area from expansion. Young men, about the number of 700, are given training to join the Roman navy and military back in Europe. The colony is re-inforced with about five ships, some of them galleons and frigates, and 1000 Roman soldiers. While the colony is split up by Hamburg's colony, a series of roads are constructed to help the colonists move around. A few small outposts are constructed throughout the colony to help prevent highwaymen from appearing. Native militias are further trained and equipped with Roman military ordnance. Faced with increased piracy in the area, the colonial authorities decide to act. Unable to target the pirates that take refuge inside New Pomerania, the colonial fleets decide it would be better to limit their ability to hide. Roman fleets travel around the region of the Seminole and destroy pirate bases where they are found. To further protect the gains from the previous year, a fortress is constructed in the OTL Tampa Bay area and more outposts are constructed along the keys. Existing outposts are further fortified as the Empire continues to expand there. While not intended to be a settler colony, some people begin to move in, seeking new land to farm cash crops on and to live. As existing settlements are consolidated, no further inland expansion occurs, as it is presently too dangerous to expand farther than the coastal forts or outposts
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: The spread of the Latinized Cree alphabet continues, with many government functions being recorded via paper. Many curse the arrival of this new "paperwork", but it improves the efficiency of the government. Two new sachems are added, oen for Winipakw and one for the newly settled territories, bringing the toal to nine. Efforts to unite with the Moose Cree continue (Turn Ten of Twenty) continue. The military begins a further program of expansion to keep up with the growing population, which has now reached 210,000. The military grows to about 11,000 in order to keep up with this. Christianity is spreading as missionaries of the Order of St Theobald continue to arrive, but msot new Christians maintain shamanic customs even as they supposedly convert. In the southern territories, the nation's expanded borders are now less than 15,000 km from the inland sea, referred to by the migratory Plains Cree as Chemiwanit (OTL Lake Winnipeg). As more prospective farmers move south, the nation expands 5000 km south, while Winipakw expands 500 km. The new fleet continues to increase the volume of trade with Europe (especially Oldenburg and Croatia), as a new ship's completion brings the total number of ships to 14.
  • Tibet: More Buddhist temples are continuing to be built. Roads are continuing to be fixed so that travelers on the silk roads can easily get to our nation. Our own version of the arquebus gun is being made. Farming is our most important industry. We mine resources in our caves. We ask the people of our nation if they can help increase the population. The military is increasing due to new training that has been made. This new training is line infantry training with marching aspects. The military is become bigger due to new tech and more people joining. We continue to vassal the two small nations to the west by our border. (I do not know their names. Please help me figure out their names).
    • Nepal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Chutiya: We build up our military and economy.
    • Shan States: We build up our military and economy.
  • Vorlayacor: Urban renewal projects continue; Machitonis begins to gain a reputation as the City of the Jungle, as it has trees and wildlife interspersed among the buildings and streets. The road between Machitonis and Nov Xoryan is expanded to handle increased trade traffic.
  • Tsardom of Croatia: Croatia focuses primarily on its military. Trade routes are strengthened after and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the King and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HKRM (Hrvatska Kraljevska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and Eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the Tsar.
  • The Pskovian Veche, Influenced by the rapidly growing, influencial and Ambitious Pskov Imperial Company, and their growing disputes with the Livonian State, Declare war after hearing argument upon argument of the bordering nation betraying their trust, allying with the enemies, and stealing their technologies. Spying and contriving the downfall of the Pskov nation, and threatening our position as the dominant trade power in the East Baltic, the Pskovian Military and Navy mobilize to counteract the Livonian threat, with the official announcement of a declaration of war by the Pskovian Veche, the Navy sets up blockades and new captains and their crews are granted Corsair (Privateer) status. The Pskov Imperial Company's President made a speech to the Veche, riling up the people of the city, ending with "they masqueraded as our friends, they stole our methods, they steal our Islands, they steal our trade, they steal our prowess, they threten our nation, and threaten our trade. Now is the timeto act, now, is the time, for retribution!". With this, the Pskov Imperial Company, with the help of its allies, launches an invasion of the Livonian colonies with its ships. The people line up in support for the Pskovians. Meanwhile, new Agricultural methods start a small agricultural boom, creating the most food surplus that ever before. This is good considering it is needed for war.
    • THe Pskov Imperial Company grows its rum and sugar and spice farm operations, and also Invades the lightly-defended Livonian Colonies after declaring war before messengers can get to the Livonian Colonies(the PIC sent their own emissaries with instructions to attack before they even brought up the issue in the Veche, so confident in the success of their motion). -Lx(leave me a message)[1] 18:44, August 30, 2014 (UTC)
    • After the treachery of the Pskovian Veche, the Duchy of Livonia responds by reciprocating the declaration of war. We request aid from the Holy Roman Emperor, and all Holy Roman Empire nations (notably: PrussiaBavariaWestphaliaHamburgOldenburg) to aid in the defence of an Imperial state.
  • Empire of Urdustan: Several Urdu merchants continue to sponsor gem mines in the Mogok area of Ava, due to the high concentration of gems such as rubies, sapphires, garnets and moonstones, and the first of many mines begin to return with more successes. Financial loans continue to be given to Bahmani and Jaunpur. Merchants also travel exclusively to Multan, Sind, Ladakh, and Kangra. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase in scholars and literacy in our nation. Construction of ships based upon Castilian designs, granted to us by them, continues, in order to further our efforts to explore and trade. New crops continue to enter into several plantations, opium and cannabis. With the increasing popularity of wood-block printing, works in Urdu/Hindi are created and stored in large amounts, in order to further cement the change in Urdustan. Efforts to better the military continue with a mandatory rearming of the noble levies, with the Emperor offering to pay half the costs per noble, and with any noble refusing to do so, being met with increasingly less beneficial trade interaction by other nobles and foreign merchants. The Islamitization of Urdustan continues from an increase in missionary activity. The first address the issue of the diminishing currency, the Urdustani Taka is implemented upon all the vassals, as it wasn't previously to facilitate better interior trade with vassals. To increase our coffers in the wake of this financial mess, the Urdustani Emperor implements a "Jewel Tax", in which gems, that come from abroad, or from Ava, are taxed when they are sold, or imported, or exported. To better specialize, and economize the Urdustani economy, we begin to sponsor specific locations for specific crops, such as rice and tobacco in the Bengal region, Indigo in the Gurjurat region, potatos in Vijaynagar, etc. The Emperor's two children continue their education by both native Indian teachers, and by European advisors. Translation of many works of art, poetry, or books, from native, cultural languages, begins to strengthen the Urdu and Hindi speakers in an effort to break some linguistic and cultural barriers. With the death of the Emperor, and the relatively young age of the twin princes (15), a council is devised to take control of the country from a mix of officials from all parts of Urdustan and its vassals. The pro-Western group of the اردو کی زمین رائل گرین گارڈز is sought for by the council for approval of this temporary regency council, setting up a precedent of greater politicizing of the اردو کی زمین رائل گرین گارڈز.
    • Rajya of Orissa (Uṛīsā kē rājya, اڑیسہ کی بادشاہی): Training of levies by Urdustani advisors continues, as well as cash crop cultivations.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa (Grēṭara asama kē rājya, گریٹر آسام کی بادشاہی): The Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. The land reclamation, having been going on for decades, is extremely successful in creating viable farmland for rice, grain and other staple crops, increasing Kamarupa's population and their yearly trade output. Training of levies by Urdustani advisors continues.
    • Rayja of Vijaynagara (وجینگر کی بادشاہی, Vijayanagara kē rājya): Nobles of Vijaynagara are now known as Urdustani Nobles, rather than simply Vijaynagara nobles. This enforces Urdustani rule over the nobility of Vijaynagara, but also allows them to fluidly move and act within all parts of Urdustan, rather than just Vijaynagara. Shipments of European weapons are diverted from Urdustani markets due to their increasingly commonness within Urdustani armies, so as to allow Vijaynagara to also have better access to advanced weapons.
    • Prince-Archbishopric of Münster: Military and economy expanded.
  • Mansuryian Sultanate: The Ten Year Plan of military build up and construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad is finally complete, and thus Sultan Amir's dream has come true. With this dream finally realized, he dies, and thus his 18 year old son takes over, Sultan Abdul-Muhaimin Ibn Nuquad and thus there is a Coronation held for the new Sultan. As a result of the Ten Year Military Build Up, Construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad, and Coronation of Sultan Abuil-Muhalmin Ibn Nuquad, there is a massive parade in the centre of Baghdad. As a result of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad being complete, there is a massive revival of Sunni Islam, which is called The Great Revival. As such, we now believe we must spread Islam and the Mosque Model everywhere, thus fueling our imperalism. While constructing mosques on the border of Mansurryia and OTL Saudi Arabia, we saw their horrid conditions and thus we seek to bring civilization and unity under Islam and the Mosque Model by expanding 25 px into their territory. (I found out that this was implausible, as it is uninhabitable for now) We also seek to colonize Eastern Africa in order to bring Islam and the Mosque Model there. Infra turn. With our nation being re-established 70 years ago, there is a grand parade held in the center of Baghdad, celebrating 70 years of Manusurryian History, and many reflect on what has happened. (Purges, The Mosque Model, The Great Safavid Union and War, The UIN, the Interim Government, Sultan Amir's reign of peace, and the current reign under Sultan Abul). With this being the case, we elect Sultan Abul-Muhailim as the new leading Sultan of the UIN)
  • Mansurryian General Dip: We consider the Ankaran proposal. We humbly and graciously thank the Empire of Urdustan for allowing us to be the only selected special trading partner in the UIN in the Declaration of 1593. Now that the year is 1600, we open up Milh, the Alexandrian Omanese trade enclave near OTL Adu Dubai, which sells many domestic goods and goods from the Urdustani Empire. In order to use the the Port of Milh, there will have to be negotations in order to use the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) since we have complete control over the Gulf.
  • Mansurryian-Yemeni Dip: We request that in return for Masirah Island complete access to the Manssuryian Gulf and the Port of Milh, we get  OTL Djibuti and the very tip of the Horn of Somalia, as well as access to ports and trading rights. We thank Yemen for granting us land in the Horn of Africa and Eritrea and we are currently integrating the enclaves into under our jurisdiction, which should be completed next year. We also would like to further negotiate port access.
  • Mansurryian-Romanian Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Romanian Somalia in return for Romanian goods.
    • Romanian Diplomacy: We accept the trade proposal.
  • Mansurryian-Roman Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Roman Eastern Africa in return for Roman goods.
    • Southern Persia: Military build up is complete. We now go back to building up infrastructure.
    • Oman: Infra build up under the Mosque Model continues. Mosques are particularly constructed on the border of the Oman and OTL Saudi Arabia. Infra turn with the Mosque Model complete in Oman, infrastructure and economy booms. We use this new found money to further develop the economy. There is also a huge Sunni Islamic revival, which fuels imperialism.Eco turn.
    • Queshm Island: Infra build up and port construction under the Mosque Model continues. Infra turn.
    • Milh: The Governor was installed one year ago during the transnational period between independence and complete vassalization, and now we are officially under the control of the Mansurryian Sultanate. We are now greeted with the traditional vassalage welcome of the Sultanate-Implementation of the Mosque Model. Infra turn. With our unique blend of Omanese and Alexandrian culture, we are known as a safe haven for Christians in the Sultanate. We are also known hustling and bustling trading port in the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) and we start to receive Urdustani goods from the exclusive trade offer established between Mansurryia (as well as the Indian League, Hispania, and Rome) during the Declaration of 1593.Now that it is the year 1600, we open up our port, Milh, access will be proposed, negotiated, accepted, or declined under Mansurryian diplomacy.
    • New Baghdad: As a result of the land exchange for Masirah and trading rights, Yemen cedes part of Yemeni Eritrea to us, consisting of OTL Djibouti, and we found the port city of New Baghdad (OTL Djibouti City) as the colony's capital. The colony of New Baghdad also includes Ali Sabielh, as a sort of inland capital to adminster New Baghdad's interior, as well as a jump start point for expansion. The Colonial Governor is in charge of New Baghdad, and is met with the traditional Mansurryian welcome of the Mosque Model. (This is especially symbolic since the Mosque Model was introduced to Old Baghdad (Manssuryian Sultanate) 70 years ago. The Mosque Model works like this: Mosques are the centre of the town, and as the centre of each markets and homes are built around the mosques, thus creating towns. As new towns are created roads are created between them, thus fueling the economy. The money used from the economy boom is used to make new mosques, which makes the cycle go all over again. Other results include rise in Sunni Islam and support for the governor. A plan for a road between New Baghdad and Ali Sabieh is being worked out, as well as a plan to connect Addis Ababa, Ali Sabieh and New Baghdad. Wells, along with mosques, are constructed. We expand 50 px inland.
    • Thank you SOO much for adopting the fixed version of this post.
  • The Consulate of Dacia: Dan, now a man of 41, resumes growing the economy and making the military stronger. The economy continues its inexorable upward trend, as greater colonial expansion leads to greater profits. The expansion and growth is product of years of peace within Romania, as well as the trade from Somalia. The average wealth of individuals continues to grow at a fairly steady rate. This causes a huge boom in land cultivation as the newfound wealth allows more land to be worked. Also Terraced farming, imported from Spain has allowed much once un-arable land to be used for farming. Terraced farms can be seen dotting the landscape. Dan takes notice of the new practice of terrace farming. He quickly implements a series of reforms to build many hundreds of these farms all along the Carpathians and in Bulgaria. Within Moldova a large number of cattle ranches begin to appear. Leather prices drop quickly, allowing the military to begin re-equipping with buff coats. The coats are supplemented with chest plates as muskets begin to become more dangerous. In addition the increase in beef production causes an increase in protein intake of the people. As the amount of protein in the average diet increases so does the height and strength of the populace. The life expectancy begin to rise with better sanitation spreading across all of Romania. Food surpluses drive down prices. The population begins to grow at an extremely rapid pace (2% growth rate) due to the sudden depression in food prices. Constanta Fabrică de Tun, continues developing its cannons. The cannons produced and developed at the factory begin to make the company quite rich and powerful. More work must be done to refine the cannons, but they are developing well. The army continues drilling with rotating ranks and pikes begin to be phased out by Flintlocks. More disputes occur in the senate. Aside from the politicking of the capital much work is put into strengthening bonds with Transylvania, and thousands of Romanians travel to the new province. Pressure from Catholics in Transylvania begins to mount, as religious diversity leads to some conflict. Constantius now a young man of 18, assists his father. Teodora is now a young woman of 19 years, and she begins looking for a husband. The Eastern Trade Co. continues to grow. The winter of 1608 is harsh, fortunately the food surpluses of the previous years prevent any famine, and allow Dacian population growth to pull further ahead of many northern states.
    • Kiev: The military becomes more professional, and officers arrive from Dacia to train the soldiers. The economy grows more this year as much farmland becomes cultivated after years of disuse. The rapid population growth in Dacia causes an Immigration rush, as Romanians looking for cheap land swarm the southern half of Kiev.
    • Halych: Prince Yarlslav II continues growing the economy and infrastructure.
    • Dacian Somalia: Trade with India continues, and the cities of Bosaso and Qandala grow slowly. The economy of Mogadishu continues to grow, production of raw materials continues. Meanwhile, the majority of European traders who make stops in Somalia prefer to land at Dacian Ports, as they enjoy the more familiar amenities afforded by the Dacian presence.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1610, Bavaria expands its economy. The population continues to rise. King Franz-Albert II, aged 45, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. The Curia Bavaria order the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction in Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with  Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, and Scandinavia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice, and a future union with Hesse and currently a dynastic union with the Palatinate. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. In domestic news, King Franz-Albert II continues to attempt the propagation of the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 20% of Bavaro-Germany secondary speakers in Saxony and Wurzburg, as well as a slew of minority speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 10,000 remaining in Saxony, and 15,000 in Thuringia. Starting in 1595, several high Saxon nobles are displaced, mostly by having their titles and lands revoked, and given out to Bavarian nobility. In 1607, the question of Franz-Albert's marriage is no longer an issue, as it becomes apparent that he will not marry. Furthermore, rumors of the King being gay are an open secret. That in itself is not an issue to most courtiers or councillors. However, many detractors, many in Greater Saxony, continue to criticize the King and use the rumor to their full advantages. In September, Franz-Albert II makes the decision to recognize his younger brother Johann, born 1576, as his heir. Johann already has six children, in order of age, Maria-Sofia, Isabella, Leopold, Karl, and Catherine.
    • Grand Duchy of Landshut: Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. The Curia Bavaria continue to operate. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Munchen: By 1610, Queen Isabell University continues to grow. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Collegiate Writs begin to draw more men to college.
    • Duchy of Straubing: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Duchy of Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County Burgau: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Nurnburg Incident continues to remain in memory, having put the country into a startled stupor for the majority of 1561.
    • County of Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Bamberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Greater Saxony: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Adalbert II normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion. Adalbert II dies in 1599, and the Saxon throne passes to Franz-Albert II.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Duchy of Swabia-Württemberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Franz-Albert is proclaimed as Duke of Swabia-Württemberg.
    • Nei Baiern: The colony of Nei Baiern, reaching a population of 2100, expands this year. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, and Bayreuth all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. In 1595, the settlement of Bayreuth is founded in Jülichsberg in early March. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 250 sq km northward up the Wilhelmsbaum coast, 250 sq km around the south end of the island onto the Pacific coast, 50 sq km on the mainland eastward of Jülichsberg, 100 sq km southward onto the smaller island south of Katharinas-Hafen, and a final 100 sq km northward, past Jülichsberg, up the coast of mainland Borealia. In governmental news, Edmund von Jülich and Elisabeth von Habsburg-Wittelsbach continue to be married.
  • Dai Viet: This turn is officially dedicated to military expansion. The nation of Dai Viet begins expanding its military to protect the nation against any foreign attack. The government begins an active role in equipping some units, using its funds to ensure that the entirety of the militia is equipped with pikes and swords. Crossbows also begin to be used in select units, who are trained to be most effective during cavalry charges and to provide support for our infantry. Gunpowder based weapons also become common in our nation and certain regiments begin training with the new devices. Government forces are called and put to the test securing our southern border, garrisoning in recently acquired territory. Alongside expanding ground forces, the government also sees the need to expand naval forces, a process that began several decades ago. Small ships capable of longer journeys are constructed in major port cities, and cities in the south along the coast are expanded to facilitate naval activity on par with our northern cities. Trade ships are attracted to our major ports from nearby nations. Facilities are upgraded to better facilitate trade. With several dozen small trade ships and warships under the command of the government vassals, and several ships under its personal command, the government orders a series of operations in the east waters of the nation, hoping to root out pirates and protect trade routes. As a test of our navy, our largest warships, equipped with cannons and other weapons, make several expeditions around the Biển Đông (South China Sea). Several more trade posts are established in the Philippines. After decades of growth and development, we establish the Riau Islands as a vassal of our nation, elevating it from its position as a colony. We continue influencing Khmer and Lan Xang. .
    • Riau Islands: This turn is officially dedicated to military expansion. Settlements on the Riau Islands grow as more people begin to settle them. After several years of expanding and trading in the region, the city of Ranai in the Natuna Islands grows to become a regional trade center and port city. A port and shipyard begins construction on the islands.

Austria: This turn in both our nation and the nations of Bohemia, Luxembourg, Austrian Switzerland, Lusatia, and our colonial territories and possessions is dedicated to military. We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port, to respond to dangers in the area and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren. With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Several ships begin construction in Trieste, Melilla, Venice, and other ports, to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and other trade partners, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. Expeditions to the New World continue to increase trade with our possessions, establishing a trade route between Westenland, Reichland, and the West Indies. Trade posts in the Caribbean are expanded and grow as they become more frequently visited. Neu Bruchhausen and Dominisburg continues to expand. We ask to buy back the territory of Kluftland from Hispania, and also offer a potential military alliance to ensure the safe transfer of the territory and to ensure our mutual defense in the future. Military from the time of our union with Spain continues to be reformed and upgraded, forming the tercio, an infantry formation made up of pikemen, swordsmen and arquebusiers in a mutually supportive formation. Each tercio is standardized at 3000 soldiers, and drilled to be proficient in combat. The southern colonies in Africa are organized and named Kamerun, and continue to expand south. We begin vassalizing Slovakia.

  • The Duke of Livonia sends his second son to the court of the Holy Roman Emperor and asks the Holy Roman Emperor to aid Livonia in the face of invasion by a foreign nation, Pskov.
  • Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: This turn is dedicated to military development. We begin rebuilding our nation’s manpower and military capabilities after the series of recent wars. Trade continues between neighboring nations and allies, as well as to our colonies in the Imperial Sea. Ship production is increased in our ports, with new shipyards and docks being constructed to facilitate larger garrisons of trade ships and military vessels. A small castle begins construction in Gdansk to protect the city and harbor.
    • Polish Imperial Isles: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Steady streams of colonists reach the island of St Stanislaus, where they will soon be sent onto the islands of St Otto and Nowy Krakow to settle. About 100 colonists reach the island of St Otto and successfully settle the island of 300 sq km. However, in Nowy Krakow, about 300 colonists have landed on the island and created a small town with minor fortifications. The northern coast of Nowy Krakow has been secured.
  • Netherlands: This turn is officially dedicated to military. In the European continent the Netherlands continues to grow culturally, economically, and scientifically, as promoted by the government. The cities of Amsterdam and Brussels remain the largest cities of the lowlands and their influence over the rest of the lowlands is starting to be seen. Lowland French continues to develop along separate lines then southern French, and the language continues to be important as both French and Dutch are spoken in the upper class and French is used for diplomatic ventures. The University of Brussels continues to flourish and the city itself is recognized as the most beautiful city in the Kingdom with only The Hague, Amsterdam and Namur rivaling it. The Palace of the Orient continues to be an important cultural centre in the city and the Mirza wing is built for the Mirza family to live in should they choose to. The Dutch navy is nearly completely remodeled now with modern ships replacing older models, which are scuttled or sold to privateers and merchants. We are glad Dai Viet has entered a military alliance with us, and we allow all protectorates to begin trading with them. We begin sending missionaries into Westphalia, in an effort to spread our faith.
    • Guiana: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Settlements along the coast of Hesperia continue to grow and expand as settlers establish homes in the region. Merchants hoping to establish trade lines with the area expand the territory, establishing fortifications and private trade houses. Realizing how important trade is to the region, the Netherlands issues a decree that all major settlements must be equipped with a fort capable of hindering attack by sea. Towns are also required to have a trained militia to man fortifications. It is hoped that this new initiative will cut back on piracy and raiding in the region, and ensure colonies in the New World are adequately defendable in case of war. Dutch explorers continue to explore the New Rhine and Amazon Rivers charting the lands and waters of the interior. The settlements continue to grow and prosper as more land is set aside for farming and plantations and the cities along the coastline grow as trade grows in the region. Fighting against the natives in the interior intensifies as Dutch-Wallon colonists and explorers push the frontier and establish forts along them. More slaves are sold in the New World and to the Indian states particularly to Urdistan as demand increases.
    • Benin: This turn is officially dedicated to military. As an autonomous part of the Dutch African Empire, Benin continues to develop. The first generation of European educated leaders arises, expanding infrastructure and schooling to educate the population.
    • Sunda: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Fortifications are built along major settlements to protect the region in case of attack. The city of Batavia especially is fortified with a garrison posted. The city also begins constructing docks to better facilitate trade and to house and repair a moderately sized fleet. The region becomes home to a small regional fleet to respond to crises in the region swiftly.
    • Malacca: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Having been newly established as a protectorate of the Dutch Empire, military forces from the Lowlands are moved into the region and garrisoned in major cities and forts to secure the territory and crush any rebellion. The city of Singapore is established as the regional capital of our administration in Malacca. A fort begins construction in the city to protect our administration, and to protect the straits from attack. A port also begins construction in the city to facilitate a large naval garrison.
    • Brunei: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Having been newly established as a protectorate of the Dutch Empire, military forces from the Lowlands are moved into the region and garrisoned in major cities and forts to secure the territory and crush any rebellion.
    • Borneo: This turn is officially dedicated to military. We begin establishing trade routes and posts in the new territory, to trade with locals on the island.
    • Dutch India: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. We begin constructing a series of trade posts on the island of Ceylon, as well as naval bases to station a small navy.
  • County of Oldenburg: With the commital army still largely committed to maintaining internal order and stability, the Regent cannot declare war on Pskov to aid Livonia. It does send aid in the form of a small contingent of troops and some supplies. The art scene gradually rebuilds itself after the "Great Winter".
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: Due to the good administration of the Assistant Bishop, the country is well on the way to recovery.
    • The Duke of Livonia greatly thanks the Count of Oldenburg, and promises some of the Pskovian spoils shall go to furthering our relationship.
  • In the Hercogiste Līvõmō (Duchy of Livonia), Duke Jaagup I Vaalgamaast is shocked to hear news of war with Pskov, but the reports of the couriers say that the weak Pskovian army is currently attempting to siege the city of Narva, on the Pskovio-Livonian border. The surprise attack by a nation we consider friendly triggers an immediate response, led by Maunas Vaalgamaast, who leads an army to liberate the city of Narva. The effort is surprisingly successful, and talks of a retributive attack circulate among top officials. Maunas is all in favor of avenging the losses sustained at the hands of Pskov, but his aging and more pragmatic father, Jaagup, prefers negotiations. Meanwhile, the Questionist school flocks to the camps of the Livonian army. Sir Šimoneit and Pāavö both even go to watch the battle at Narva in order to paint the most realistic report. Thus, artistic journalism is born. Livonian culture continues to become commonplace in Prussia, Muscovy, and Poland-Lithuania. Funding for Baltgālis' "University of Riga" is withheld, and the plans are stalled until the war is over. In Poland-Lithuania, Livonian begins to usurp Lithuanian as a common second language, and the Questionist art form spreads this transformation. Poland, under Casimir III joins in the Pskovian war. Meanwhile, Duke Jaagup announces that all serfs who volunteer to fight are to be given their freedom and the freedom of their spouse at the end of the war. Kōlaisa Jõugõisa is warned of the war, but no attempts at attacking the colony are made. Nonetheless, Svētais Jāņi is prepared for any upcoming invasion. In Vȯiti Vež raids begin to come from the PIC. The arrival of the navy from Kōlaisa Jõugõisa, however, allows the colony to not only protect itself but also engage in combat with the PIC colonies. The military expands.
    • Kuramo sends military aid to assist in the war against Pskov. Saare-Lääne declares war against Pskov after attacks by the blockade onto their homeland. They mostly fight with the Livonian troops, but a man from Saare-Lääne actually leads the Livonian navy. The Livonian language is supported in both of these nations by the war and need. Both nations expand militarily.
  • The Tartary: Continues expansion into Siberia up the three major rivers quite rapidly. As they expand up the rivers, some Ket, Evenki and Sakha people begin requesting for a bit more autonomy, which comes under consideration of the Tatar government. They begin discussing the issues of local rule by the tribal chiefs of the area. Meanwhile, the construction of the Church of Holy Wisdom and the Great Library of Sarai, as well as smaller churches and universities in the nation, continue construction. The population experiences quick growth, as farming is very productive this day. The economy also expands with this and construction efforts, as well as with the displacement of Turks. The Turks continue being encouraged to separate amongst themselves and look for individual prosperity rather than collective cooperation, promising them great wealth if they go live amongst the other ethnic groups to the East. To convince the Turks to move eastward, the infrastructure of Siberia is developed. Roads are constructed in the east of the nation, especially connecting with the Volga basin; roads are also constructed in the west, and forts also continue construction. The military is expanded in the nation, in order to help enforce the decisions if the Turks prove to be uncooperative. The Pacific fleet, seen as more important by the Grand Kurultay of the Nation, begins being developed, as ten new ships begin construction. One larger ship, inspired on things heard about a Britannian warship, is comissioned; it is to be finished in 18 years' time, as planning continues. This heavily improves the economy of the eastern coast of the nation, leading to big population growth and economic development, as the lumber and construction industries build up. The Chagatay Khaganate begins to be vassalised. It should be finished by 1586. Twenty thousand troops are sent to aid the Damascans to put down the revolt. (send M).
    • Mangut Nivkhgu: Continues territorial development, expanding down the coast of Sakhalin and southward in their mainland at quite rapid rates (almost 10,000 sq km, in fact). The sons of Mang Hangut are heavily interested in stories by their Tatar masters of the territories to their north, and they still wish to establish their "great empire in the white North". Henceforth, the city of Ñeƞdaqo opens its first ever shipyard, which begins construction. It is expected it will be finished by 1598. More bananas and oranges reach the nation, and the bakers much rejoice as this means more business for their own pastries, which grow more delicious by the day. It is known that the pastries from Mangut Nivkhgu are inherently superior to those of the rest of the world, and the best and most important among all of them, the Tiger's Hand Pastry, might have begun development around this time. The rejoicing of the bakers leads to much economic activity, and the great taste of Nivkh pastry fills the national coffers with gold. The military begins to be constructed to protect the army of bakers and the coffers of the nation from any foreign incursion. Mangut Nivkhgu also develops road networks to connect itself with the rest of the Tatar empire of influence. The lemmings still have no sign of returning to the nation.
    • the Empire of Parthia continues its radical reformation of their nation. The road system on the Golestani coast continues to be developed, and its heavily fertile land begins to be farmed more lucratively. The Parthian population grows quite quickly as great farming is increased. The Four noble houses continue looking for the rest of the houses that have not yet been discovered; those are Sohae, Parni and Suren. The farming on the fertile Hyrcanian coast is heavily developed. This makes the population grow quickly; Parthia is much of the source for more tropical foodstuffs in the Tatar breadbasket, and it makes Permic merchants want to buy them at very high rates. The military is feveloped by initiative of the Mihran of Rayy, who are closer to the border and feel less safe. The Houses of Mihran, Sasan, Dahae and Karen agree to centralise their military forces and modernise them, as well as make the most of their highland territory, the birth of Parthia's ultra-defensive policy. Forts and railroads are constructed throughout the nation. Two new large ports are constructed to connect Tatar shipping rates to Mazandarani ones.
    • The Khanate of Khiva: Continues economic and military development. The population does not grow rapidly like in the rest of the Tartary, but does grow, as some Turks settle in the nation and some Kazakhs and Karalparak people settle down in cities. The Khivan authorities completely allow Islam full rights, but it is markedly on decline, as reported by major missionaries who show that attendance to Mastoravic temples is ever larger, and some mosques have been forced to shut down. The road system and economy are developed, as is the Khivan army.
    • The Emirate of Bukhara: Also develops its economy and military. Notably high birthrates are noted amongst the Bukhori Jews. Many Turks arrive on the nation, and begin settling down in the major cities, especially Samarkand and Tashkent, but they keep away from the Tajik regions in the centre and east of the nation. The Mastoravic faith has made many inroads into the nation, especially in the major cities; some estimates believe that up to half the population was Mastoravic, after fifty years of constant missionary work. The population quickly grows. The economy is developed through the construction of road systems with China and Khiva.
    • The Khanate of Azov: Slso continues rapid development. The cities of Ine' Fëdor-Osh and Özu-Cale become extremely large, holding large amounts of the population. The city of Bashmachka is founded in the Dnieper river by Crimean Goths, and many Tatars from the right bank of the Dnieper move to the region around the nation. The economy and military are rapidly developed, as are the fortresses of the main ports.
    • The Principality of Chernihiv develops as well. The population shows quick growth as many Ukrainians leave to the area. However, they unwittingly bring in the Mastoravic faith and extremely heavy Tatar and Volga Uralic influences to their language. The Ukrainian language continues to diverge from standard East Slavic. The economy is developed, as is the military.
    • The Principality of Perm: Continues to develop its huge trade empire. Trade spreads as far west as Scandinavia and Europe and as far east as Mangut Nivkhgu. This leads to great economic growth. The population experiences huge growth and the economy does as well, with money flowing in in tonnes by the population. The military is also developed, as forts are constructed in the western border, and roads are constructed. The nation experiences an economic boom.
    • The Khanate of Bajkal also experiences development. While the population is not very conductive to growth, the economy is, with many native species and Bajkal water making great rare goods for trade. the military is a lot more prestigious, because of its "seven banners" organisation. Development occurs there.
  • Zapoteca: Zapoteca continues trading with the newly independent nations on the Imperial Gulf, mainly Chitimach and Mikasuki (Seminoles)Trade continues in earnest with Mikasuki, to uplift the nation economically. The Emperor continues financing Spanish settlers to come to the kingdom and marry into the population. Trade increases and continues with the Spanish. The Emperor expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move freer between them. The military, which had been outdated for many years, continues to be upgraded. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. Naval technology is rapidly advanced under the Spanish with an advancing fleet of 25 light and medium ships purchased from Spain. The Emperor orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Itzapam continues prospering under Zapotecan rule, improving their military. Zapoteca expands 7500 sq km north with the help of Spanish explorers.

1611

The economy in Raigama and Kotte improve slightly as central authority erodes, most transactions occurring on the black market. The resistance of the higher classes diminishes as there is less to fight over.

The Hồ lords gain power in Southern Viet Nam, making raids on the Khmer border.

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the naus continue being used. Naval explorations directed to the west continue. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz expands north by 2500 sq km. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz. Meanwhile, pau-brasil (brazilwood) starts to be extracted in the colony. Meanwhile, the colony of São Sebastião expands 2500 sq km. Meanwhile, King João IV dies, and his son, Afonso, succeeds him, being crowned King of Portugal and Algarves as Afonso VIII.
  • Hamburg-Holstein-Mecklenburg: with the large number of countries joining Pskov, Hamburgian diplomats are sent, offering the opposing nations a white peace with Hamburg. But while waiting for their answers, Hamburgian Troops perform competently. The Hamburgian Navy blockades Pskov, while the Borelian Squadron assists in the imperial islands.
  • Ming China Our troops take up arms and plan to invade southern countries while attempting to set up vassals to the north. Our Economy grows and so does our Military.
  • How and why, your empire is still in a state of collapse and you'll lose a war right now. Bide your time and make it plausible. -Feud
  • The Tartary: Continues expansion into Siberia up the three major rivers quite rapidly. As they expand up the rivers, some Ket, Evenki and Sakha people begin requesting for a bit more autonomy, which comes under consideration of the Tatar government. They begin discussing the issues of local rule by the tribal chiefs of the area. Meanwhile, the construction of the Church of Holy Wisdom and the Great Library of Sarai, as well as smaller churches and universities in the nation, continue construction. The population experiences quick growth, as farming is very productive this day. The economy also expands with this and construction efforts, as well as with the displacement of Turks. The Turks continue being encouraged to separate amongst themselves and look for individual prosperity rather than collective cooperation, promising them great wealth if they go live amongst the other ethnic groups to the East. To convince the Turks to move eastward, the infrastructure of Siberia is developed. Roads are constructed in the east of the nation, especially connecting with the Volga basin; roads are also constructed in the west, and forts also continue construction. The military is expanded in the nation, in order to help enforce the decisions if the Turks prove to be uncooperative. The Pacific fleet, seen as more important by the Grand Kurultay of the Nation, begins being developed, as ten new ships begin construction. One larger ship, inspired on things heard about a Britannian warship, is comissioned; it is to be finished in 18 years' time, as planning continues. This heavily improves the economy of the eastern coast of the nation, leading to big population growth and economic development, as the lumber and construction industries build up. The Chagatay Khaganate begins to be vassalised. It should be finished by 1586. Twenty thousand troops are sent to aid the Damascans to put down the revolt. (send M).
    • Mangut Nivkhgu: Continues territorial development, expanding down the coast of Sakhalin and southward in their mainland at quite rapid rates (almost 10,000 sq km, in fact). The sons of Mang Hangut are heavily interested in stories by their Tatar masters of the territories to their north, and they still wish to establish their "great empire in the white North". Henceforth, the city of Ñeƞdaqo opens its first ever shipyard, which begins construction. It is expected it will be finished by 1598. More bananas and oranges reach the nation, and the bakers much rejoice as this means more business for their own pastries, which grow more delicious by the day. It is known that the pastries from Mangut Nivkhgu are inherently superior to those of the rest of the world, and the best and most important among all of them, the Tiger's Hand Pastry, might have begun development around this time. The rejoicing of the bakers leads to much economic activity, and the great taste of Nivkh pastry fills the national coffers with gold. The military begins to be constructed to protect the army of bakers and the coffers of the nation from any foreign incursion. Mangut Nivkhgu also develops road networks to connect itself with the rest of the Tatar empire of influence. The lemmings still have no sign of returning to the nation.
    • the Empire of Parthia continues its radical reformation of their nation. The road system on the Golestani coast continues to be developed, and its heavily fertile land begins to be farmed more lucratively. The Parthian population grows quite quickly as great farming is increased. The Four noble houses continue looking for the rest of the houses that have not yet been discovered; those are Sohae, Parni and Suren. The farming on the fertile Hyrcanian coast is heavily developed. This makes the population grow quickly; Parthia is much of the source for more tropical foodstuffs in the Tatar breadbasket, and it makes Permic merchants want to buy them at very high rates. The military is feveloped by initiative of the Mihran of Rayy, who are closer to the border and feel less safe. The Houses of Mihran, Sasan, Dahae and Karen agree to centralise their military forces and modernise them, as well as make the most of their highland territory, the birth of Parthia's ultra-defensive policy. Forts and railroads are constructed throughout the nation. Two new large ports are constructed to connect Tatar shipping rates to Mazandarani ones.
    • The Khanate of Khiva: Continues economic and military development. The population does not grow rapidly like in the rest of the Tartary, but does grow, as some Turks settle in the nation and some Kazakhs and Karalparak people settle down in cities. The Khivan authorities completely allow Islam full rights, but it is markedly on decline, as reported by major missionaries who show that attendance to Mastoravic temples is ever larger, and some mosques have been forced to shut down. The road system and economy are developed, as is the Khivan army.
    • The Emirate of Bukhara: Also develops its economy and military. Notably high birthrates are noted amongst the Bukhori Jews. Many Turks arrive on the nation, and begin settling down in the major cities, especially Samarkand and Tashkent, but they keep away from the Tajik regions in the centre and east of the nation. The Mastoravic faith has made many inroads into the nation, especially in the major cities; some estimates believe that up to half the population was Mastoravic, after fifty years of constant missionary work. The population quickly grows. The economy is developed through the construction of road systems with China and Khiva.
    • The Khanate of Azov: Slso continues rapid development. The cities of Ine' Fëdor-Osh and Özu-Cale become extremely large, holding large amounts of the population. The city of Bashmachka is founded in the Dnieper river by Crimean Goths, and many Tatars from the right bank of the Dnieper move to the region around the nation. The economy and military are rapidly developed, as are the fortresses of the main ports.
    • The Principality of Chernihiv develops as well. The population shows quick growth as many Ukrainians leave to the area. However, they unwittingly bring in the Mastoravic faith and extremely heavy Tatar and Volga Uralic influences to their language. The Ukrainian language continues to diverge from standard East Slavic. The economy is developed, as is the military.
    • The Principality of Perm: Continues to develop its huge trade empire. Trade spreads as far west as Scandinavia and Europe and as far east as Mangut Nivkhgu. This leads to great economic growth. The population experiences huge growth and the economy does as well, with money flowing in in tonnes by the population. The military is also developed, as forts are constructed in the western border, and roads are constructed. The nation experiences an economic boom.
    • The Khanate of Bajkal also experiences development. While the population is not very conductive to growth, the economy is, with many native species and Bajkal water making great rare goods for trade. the military is a lot more prestigious, because of its "seven banners" organisation. Development occurs there.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to military. We begin recovering from the war and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. We accept the alliance from Prussia. Moscow and vassals declare war against Livonia and continue fighting.
    • Vologda: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Trade between Moscow, Prussia, and other nations helps to amass wealth, which is partially used to finance infrastructural projects and military fortifications
    • Novgorod: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Trade between Moscow, Prussia, and other nations helps to amass wealth, which is partially used to finance infrastructural projects and military fortifications
    • Super late by 15 hours, this is invalid. -Feud
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1611, Bavaria expands its economy. The population continues to rise. King Franz-Albert II, aged 46, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. The Curia Bavaria order the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction in Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with  Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, and Scandinavia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice, and a future union with Hesse and currently a dynastic union with the Palatinate. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. In domestic news, King Franz-Albert II continues to attempt the propagation of the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 20% of Bavaro-Germany secondary speakers in Saxony and Wurzburg, as well as a slew of minority speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 10,000 remaining in Saxony, and 15,000 in Thuringia. Starting in 1595, several high Saxon nobles are displaced, mostly by having their titles and lands revoked, and given out to Bavarian nobility. In 1607, the question of Franz-Albert's marriage is no longer an issue, as it becomes apparent that he will not marry. Furthermore, rumors of the King being gay are an open secret. That in itself is not an issue to most courtiers or councillors. However, many detractors, many in Greater Saxony, continue to criticize the King and use the rumor to their full advantages. In September, Franz-Albert II makes the decision to recognize his younger brother Johann, born 1576, as his heir. Johann already has six children, in order of age, Maria-Sofia, Isabella, Leopold, Karl, and Catherine.
    • Grand Duchy of Landshut: Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. The Curia Bavaria continue to operate. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Munchen: By 1610, Queen Isabell University continues to grow. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Collegiate Writs begin to draw more men to college.
    • Duchy of Straubing: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Duchy of Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County Burgau: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Nurnburg Incident continues to remain in memory, having put the country into a startled stupor for the majority of 1561.
    • County of Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Bamberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Greater Saxony: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Adalbert II normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion. Adalbert II dies in 1599, and the Saxon throne passes to Franz-Albert II.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Duchy of Swabia-Württemberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Franz-Albert is proclaimed as Duke of Swabia-Württemberg.
    • Nei Baiern: The colony of Nei Baiern, reaching a population of 2100, expands this year. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, and Bayreuth all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. In 1595, the settlement of Bayreuth is founded in Jülichsberg in early March. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 250 sq km northward up the Wilhelmsbaum coast, 250 sq km around the south end of the island onto the Pacific coast, 50 sq km on the mainland eastward of Jülichsberg, 100 sq km southward onto the smaller island south of Katharinas-Hafen, and a final 100 sq km northward, past Jülichsberg, up the coast of mainland Borealia. In governmental news, Edmund von Jülich and Elisabeth von Habsburg-Wittelsbach continue to be married.
  • The Consulate of Dacia: Dan, now a man of 42, resumes growing the economy and making the military stronger. The economy continues its inexorable upward trend, as greater colonial expansion leads to greater profits. The expansion and growth is product of years of peace within Romania, as well as the trade from Somalia. The average wealth of individuals continues to grow at a fairly steady rate. This causes a huge boom in land cultivation as the newfound wealth allows more land to be worked. Also, terraced farming, imported from Spain has allowed much once un-arable land to be used for farming. Terraced farms can be seen dotting the landscape. Dan takes notice of the new practice of terrace farming. He quickly implements a series of reforms to build many hundreds of these farms all along the Carpathians and in Bulgaria. Within Moldova a large number of cattle ranches begin to appear. Leather prices drop quickly, allowing the military to begin re-equipping with buff coats. The coats are supplemented with chest plates as muskets begin to become more dangerous. In addition the increase in beef production causes an increase in protein intake of the people. As the amount of protein in the average diet increases so does the height and strength of the populace. The life expectancy begin to rise with better sanitation spreading across all of Romania. Food surpluses drive down prices. The population begins to grow at an extremely rapid pace (2% growth rate) due to the sudden depression in food prices. Constanta Fabrică de Tun, continues developing its cannons. The cannons produced and developed at the factory begin to make the company quite rich and powerful. More work must be done to refine the cannons, but they are developing well. The army continues drilling with rotating ranks and pikes begin to be phased out by Flintlocks. More disputes occur in the senate. Aside from the politicking of the capital much work is put into strengthening bonds with Transylvania, and thousands of Romanians travel to the new province. Pressure from Catholics in Transylvania begins to mount, as religious diversity leads to some conflict. Constantius now a young man of 19, assists his father. Teodora is now a young woman of 20 years, and she begins looking for a husband. The Eastern Trade Co. continues to grow. The winter of 1608 is harsh, fortunately the food surpluses of the previous years prevent any famine, and allow Dacian population growth to pull further ahead of many northern states. A fleet of 120 ships is sent to capture all Livonian colonial possessions in the New World. Meanwhile, a messenger is sent to Livonia declaring war. However, upon arrival, it becomes clear that the Pskovians have the situation well in hand and the fleet returns to Dacia. Unfortunately a storm sinks 17 of the older caravels on the return trip. 
    • Kiev: The military becomes more professional, and officers arrive from Dacia to train the soldiers. The economy grows more this year as much farmland becomes cultivated after years of disuse. The rapid population growth in Dacia causes an Immigration rush, as Romanians looking for cheap land swarm the southern half of Kiev.
    • Halych: Prince Yarlslav II continues growing the economy and infrastructure.
    • Dacian Somalia: Trade with India continues, and the cities of Bosaso and Qandala grow slowly. The economy of Mogadishu continues to grow, production of raw materials continues. Meanwhile, the majority of European traders who make stops in Somalia prefer to land at Dacian Ports, as they enjoy the more familiar amenities afforded by the Dacian presence.
  • Zapoteca: Zapoteca continues trading with the newly independent nations on the Imperial Gulf, mainly Chitimach and Mikasuki (Seminoles)Trade continues in earnest with Mikasuki, to uplift the nation economically. The Emperor continues financing Spanish settlers to come to the kingdom and marry into the population. Trade increases and continues with the Spanish. The Emperor expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move freer between them. The military, which had been outdated for many years, continues to be upgraded. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. Naval technology is rapidly advanced under the Spanish with an advancing fleet of 25 light and medium ships purchased from Spain. The Emperor orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Itzapam continues prospering under Zapotecan rule, improving their military. Zapoteca expands 7500 sq km north with the help of Spanish explorers.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 3900 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand eastward by 700 sq km. The government decides to move on the Dutch reformists by allowing them to remain on the French territory, however, putting some taxes for allowing them free passage in French land. However, the French government makes clear that their beliefs are with Catholicism and that any attempt of violent expansion will be considered as an act of aggression and hence the Dutch-Wallon reformist may be persecuted. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans in the area of OTL Cundinamarca in the search of the Aureana - a city made of gold - in the vicinity of several lakes. Although not finding the city lots of gold gods are found and sent to France in order to boost the economy back on its feet. Mining begins in the Pirouien mountains and the region of Equatoriale Province for gold and silver though only a few are found. The colony of Nouvelle Orleans divides in five provinces New Orleans OTL northern Colombia and Antioquia Sableville in north western Venezuela, Equatoriale in southwest Colombia and Aurienne in the central areas and Emeraldia in central eastern Colombia. After years of ignoring an important part of the treaty, France decides helping Austria to rebuild initiating in the area of Tyrol and Western Austria. Due to close proximity to French Rhineland gold begins entering the economy of the country from Colombian and Peruvian mines. A colony is established. Saint Louis d'Africa continues expanding by 500 sq km and 200 sq km in Kenya. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The peasant revolt is ignored for now, although it proves the king that he may need to enforce a new politic in the ruralmost areas of France.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Rhineland officially withdraws from the HRE after the council votes on 65 against 35 on withdrawing from the HRE, the council begins creating a constitution based on both German and French laws to establish within the area of the kingdom.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Freibourg and Valais are withdrawn from the HRE following the withdrawal of Rhineland.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • French Mali: Military and economy are built up.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
  • Roman Empire: Tragically, Theodore III dies this year, and on his deathbed feels like a failure. Despite this, he is loved by the vast majority of his subjects, and even the Borealian natives and the Serbs hold some fondness for him. His son Thomas takes the throne after a coronation involving the traditional Iron Crown, Bridle, and Lance, becoming Thomas II. Different from his father, Thomas II is much more concerned about the internal stability of the Empire and its territory, and as such is committed to resolving such issues. He orders an inspection of all military fortifications in Greece, Albania, Phoenicia, and Taurica to ensure that they are all properly garrisoned and fortified. He also expands the networks of forts in Anatolia, and increases the number of troops garrisoned in Anatolian territories. Continuing the policies of his father, Greeks are encouraged to move to Anatolia, and refounded settlements like Prussia, Illium and Ephesus begin to grow again as a result. Thomas II continues his father's policies of converting the Berbers in Cyrenaica to Christianity, offering those who do lower taxes and political incentives. Previous policies are kept with Turkic inhabitants of Roman territories, however, few Turks actually leave, amounting to maybe a few hundred every year. However, Thomas II discovers that his father was so focused on European interests that the Empire's colonies are largely defenseless, and makes efforts to change this. Fortifications are already present at Atlantis and Socotra, but other than that, the colonies are largely void of such defenses. Forts are, therefore, built in Roanoke, Powhatan, Delaware, and Yamasee, defending vital colonial cities like Reme, Avelinia, and Patropolis. Reme gets the most of the defenses, with twin forts guarding the sound, as well as small outposts outfitted with cannon on the outer banks. Reme is also equipped with a shipyard and armory to provide the troops stationed there with adequate weaponry and transport. At the colony of Antillia, fortified outposts are also constructed and equipped with cannon. The same happens in Malabar. To further expand the security of these colonies, relations with the Borealian natives are made a priority, and commitments with the Powhatan, Delaware, Taino, and Yamasee natives are extended. Roman officers train the natives in European tactics, and some educated natives are invited to take part in the government of the colonies. While this does help expand support amongst the natives, the ones in the interior are still hostile to Roman interests, and as such the Empire holds off. These improvements are largely possible thanks to an expansion of the Roman economy and the new quantity of trade goods available. Trade with Urdustan provides gems, opium, cannabis, and cotton to European markets, supplementing the rubber and pepper exported by Malabar. In the colonies, cash crops like rice, tobacco, hemp, indigo, and cotton are exported and make a sizable profit, while a few in Antillia begin experimenting with sugarcane. Socotra and Phoenicia provide dyes, and Phoenicia in particular provides high quality lumber such as cedar. Back in the mainland, Greece provides ample quantities of silver, marble, wine, raisins, saffron, fish, and olive oil. Constantinople, already the silk capital of Europe, expands its considerable trade influence and wealth. Whereas Theodore III sought to expand the Empire to its previous borders, Thomas II seems determined to make sure the gains of the last century are not lost. With the colonies largely placated at the moment and needing to consolidate, Thomas II turns his attentions to Anatolia. After gathering allies, Roman troops invade Cappadocia with popular support, as the region is full of Greeks. Siege weapons are brought along to deal with the occasional castle, yet few are present. The war goes on, with much success thanks to the loyalty of the native Greek population. By years end, the native Turk rulers and their forces have been largely annihilated and the region pacified, and the region is annexed into the Empire.
    • Serbia: The economy continues to prosper as the country grows back to its potential, and the export of goods continues to generate revenue. The new land from Croatia is incorporated, and most Serbs are content at this decision, as it unites all Serbs under one banner, save the ones in Montenegro. The military continues to train, and even as Roman officers train Serbian troops, they are regularly inspired by the valor of Serbian troops, and inform Thomas II that the Serbs would be a fine and feared addition to the Roman Army. As the cooperation of the Romans and Serbs increase, more and more nobles become Roman citizens, for multiple reasons. While this is not enough to change the state of the nation, it is promising. As a result of Bulgaria being annexed, the Serbs are a bit afraid, as they are unable to resist the Dacians on their own. As a result, the Serbs ask for annexation to the Empire, although a notable few resist. A small peasant uprising occurs as a result, and the nobles loyal to the Serbian and Roman Emperors set out to crush it.
    • Reme: Fortifications continue to be built, especially in cities like Reme, Avelinia and Patrapolis. Cash crops, like tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo, are continued to be planted in newly acquired area from expansion. Young men, about the number of 700, are given training to join the Roman navy and military back in Europe. The colony is re-inforced with about five ships, some of them galleons and frigates, and 1000 Roman soldiers. While the colony is split up by Hamburg's colony, a series of roads are constructed to help the colonists move around. A few small outposts are constructed throughout the colony to help prevent highwaymen from appearing. Native militias are further trained and equipped with Roman military ordnance. Faced with increased piracy in the area, the colonial authorities decide to act. Unable to target the pirates that take refuge inside New Pomerania, the colonial fleets decide it would be better to limit their ability to hide. Roman fleets travel around the region of the Seminole and destroy pirate bases where they are found. To further protect the gains from the previous year, a fortress is constructed in the OTL Tampa Bay area and more outposts are constructed along the keys. Existing outposts are further fortified as the Empire continues to expand there. While not intended to be a settler colony, some people begin to move in, seeking new land to farm cash crops on and to live. As existing settlements are consolidated, no farther inland expansion occurs, as it is presently too dangerous to expand farther than the coastal forts or outposts.
  • County of Oldenburg: A group of three explorers; Ludwig, Matthias and Georg, explore up the coast of Neu Norderney in a tiny little boat they call Rumpelstiltskin. They sail up rivers, around bays and inlets, and even make short expeditions inland, mapping and charting all the way to Killiniq Island. Once there, they reiterate Oldenburg's claim to the entire coast, and raise a flag. The metropole's economy improves from the harsh winter. The troops and supplies promised Livonia arrive at their destination.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: Economy improves.
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: The spread of the Latinized Cree alphabet continues, with books including the Bible, classical works such by Plutarch, Plato, Caesar and others, and modern works now translated. Many learn to read, as it is now necessary for advancement in the government. Efforts to unite with the Moose Cree continue (Turn Ten of Twenty) continue. As larger amounts of food from the newly settled areas begin to come north, the popualtion grows even more quickly, and urbanization speeds up. Aksimiki, Chisasibi and Maskekon each have about 6000 inhabitants, which are ebginning to spill out of the recent fortifications. Christianity is spreading as missionaries of the Order of St Theobald continue to arrive. Southward expansion reaches the inland sea. Settlers begin to collect at the northward tip of the lake, where a community named Chemiwanit, to match the huge lake, begins to form. Winipakw expands 500 km. The new fleet continues to improve trade, especially with Europe, during summer months, and two new ships are completed this year, bringing the fleet to a total of 16 ships.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo and Ulsan.
  • Tibet: More Buddhist temples are continuing to be built. Roads are continuing to be fixed so that travelers on the silk roads can easily get to our nation. Our own version of the arquebus gun is being made. Farming is our most important industry. We mine resources in our caves. We ask the people of our nation if they can help increase the population. The military is increasing due to new training that has been made. This new training is line infantry training with marching aspects. The military is become bigger due to new tech and more people joining. We continue to vassal the two small nations to the west by our border. (I do not know their names. Please help me figure out their names).
    • Nepal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Chutiya: We build up our military and economy.
    • Shan States: We build up our military and economy.
  • Hispania: The Spanish populace hovers around 14 million and thanks in large part to the implementation of learned Incan farming methods, and the incorporation of some of the new American staple crops into Spanish diet. Population growth, however, is becoming increasingly stunted by many Spaniards - even some of noble birth - immigrating to the colonies and other territories overseas. The immigration of multiple high nobles confuses the parliament and King but allows this to continue seeing it as a way to organize troops and territories further under the Viceroy. The economy, thanks to the aggressive colonialism, continues to expand immensely and the Spanish economy becomes the most powerful in Europe passing the French economy by leaps and bounds with the massive influx of gold, silver and jewels contributing heavily regardless of many of these precious items being non-integrated into the economy and stored. The armed forces continue their push to remain the most modern and begins to build a host of new ships to replace older ones which are sold to its vassals, trade companies and other territories of the Empire. The Empire continues large scale investments into the colonies and overseas territories ensuring loyalty and considerably more profitable. The Hispanian navy finishes its first group of its new two-decker ships, a major departure from its previous designs and being much much more effective in combat than any other nations current craft and with new cannons even rivaling some of the Chinese designs.
    • Kingdom of Italy: Italy reaches its troop amount of 30,000 with it being armed and trained by Spanish troops in tactics. The Italian army is expanded moderately with some naval ships being purchased to replace losses. However, the Invulnerable Spanish army discourages any from speaking their mind and most deal with the relatively benevolent rule of the Spanish. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. The Auditore Gun company opens up several works in Spain proper becoming one of the exceptions to Spain's mercantilist policies. This leads to further employment of Spanish peoples so the parliament decides to pay for the migration of Auditore Firearms main office to Madrid. The current leading family member, Rodrigo Auditore agrees leaving his offices in italy attended to by family. The Wall of the Alps are finished and they are considered some of the most soundly constructed walls in Europe and allow for all non-sanctioned land travel into italy to be monitored and prevented if the men are undesirable.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a trade fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships. 15,000 troops are sent with a decent amount being mercenaries.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The New King  (King of Spain) is installed on the throne of Lombardy as his military leadership will be needed in the kingdom and the crown is tied with the Spanish one just as the Italian crown is. With this, he begins a process toward rebuilding the economy and military of the kingdom. The military is a raised force of 25,000 with many of them being pro-Spanish Hispanicized Italians which have been rapidly spreading across Italy. The population of Lombardy is at an estimated 1.5 million and counting. The Nation's economy is now in a process of integration into the Hispanian economy.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella. Its military forces are expanded to about 5000.
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavy under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Vatican City is re-instated as the Pope requested a small enclave of the Papacy for himself. Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population is two million. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about 1.5 million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had.
    • Mapuche: The Mapuche people begin to see the first mixed children between Spanish and Mapuche people. The Spanish institute the Ecomienda system. However, the Spanish governor, in order to keep control of the people, orders the Spanish heads of the system to treat the natives fairly in order to prevent mass deaths from overworking and resentment. Spanish farming techniques have definitely prevented starvation as the Mapuche continue to expand toward the coast building a road to connect it all. The Spanish governor, also using the local Mapuche as scouts, is able to expand much more than the Buenos Aires colony and uses this to his advantage to secure more land to be able to turn over to Spanish settlers. The royal governor ramps up expansion for some of the new plantation owners setting up expanding the the territory by 5000 sq km. The population of the Mapuche people is lowly put at about 15,000 with about 40,000 Spanish settlers living within the borders. The sharp increase in Mapuche is purely built out of many Mapuche starting to come back in order to live in peace under the Hesperian league's mandates.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Spanish begin to sponsor settlers in Morelia to begin expanding on the continent down the coast. (5000 sq km). The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.2 million with many living within the Cuba island territory.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand, the mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The Military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The Population of Tenocha is counted at nearly nine million with the inclusion of large native cities, expansion of the borders farther north, and the immigration of Spaniards. With this, however, a few prominent priests in Hispania have made it quite obvious that the Integrated native cities should be left alone outside of tribute collection and troop levies in order to preserve the working potential of theit population and prevent disease from totally wiping them out. Many, however, have begun to see a large rise in immunity to diseases such as smallpox. The Tenocha expand by 8000 sq km.
    • Mission of Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the disorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the disorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the Church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezians, unable to select a king from their remaining nobles, delegate to the Queen of Spain (Castile and Aragon) who chooses a man named Antonio Lo Grato to rule as Prince of Venice in place of the Queen of Spain. A well acclaimed and respected man, he immediately enacts reforms. The Venezian economy with access to the Spanish economy begins to recover and for the first time in years due to this. The Venezians begins its long road to naval recovery and begins to use its vast knowledge to begin building ships not only for itself but acquires the blueprints to improve on Spanish ships to allow for sale back to the king. The Venezian military is also raised to a token force of about 10,000 due to its location but remains lightly armed and unable to project power or fight any unsupported offensives.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 45,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the country side and establishing new towns and cities. The colony proper reaches nearly 1,000,000 in population seeing large amounts of Colonial immigration now from both Spain and Hispanicized Italians. This unprecedented size in population  The viceroy in order to expand the food supply of the large colony expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas.. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. The Colony specifically expands 50 px. This expansion, however, is stunted by a massive rainforest which after years of trying to penetrate has become more costly than not diverting further exploration attempts toward the Inca territories to the west. New Spain begins an immense project to attact settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. Of many cities developing some begin to gain large populations as well with multiple cities farther north and south develop heavily. Buenos Aires and San Sorento are the two largest cities in the colony with Buenos Aires maintaining 45,000 people and San Sorento maintaining about 30,000 people. Both cities are large coastal port cities. The unexpected guarantee of right as Spanish citizens leaves many people elated as being treated equally as the people who live in Spain. With this, the Viceroy unable to hold a higher position than royalty stands by as sub-viceroy to Cristo Di Habsburg. The tradition of many people of the royal family taking up residency in the colonies is well received as one of Cristos aging uncles visits him and lives with him as the Bishop of Buenos Aires.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand lowers to 45,000 colonists as many die to disease. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops.
    • New Granada: The colony of New Granada - formerly San Francisco - sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 25 px. The colony's population expands to around 50,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the colony of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. Another port settlement is established in the lucrative Bay of Juarez with the settlement of Arica established at the mouth of the river and the city heading north with port facilities being established.
    • Philippines: Spanish continue to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. The Spanish then begin to send in a royal governor who makes plans to expand the island nation, and begins work on its economy and military to do so. Gold and silver from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Colony itself. The Philippines expand (now 50 px) per Spanish order as the potential for hostile natives and other threats in the area has led to a switch in policy as well as the movement of nearly 2000 Spaniards and a fleet of nearly 20 warships to the area preventing any force from attacking to continue expansion. With the close of the revolt, the Chinese people within the borders are expelled by any means necessary.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals, and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy
    • Chile: The few hundred Spanish settlers who established some terraced farms and a small town expand settlements in the mountains to avoid earthquakes and other acts of God. The area is militarily supported by the CMA located in the Inca and a force of about 2000 is used to maintain order in the area. The Chilean royal governor along with the Colonial Authority begins to increase the economy of the area and is planning on a period of expansion coming up in the next few years. Chile continues to expand increasing to nearly 5000 sq km of Aymara territory and the discovery of massive silver deposits in which a native city now taken by Spaniards already stands, the population of Chile explodes with many gold and silver seekers moving to the area with the Spanish populace of Chile increasing from a mere 2000 to nearly 10,000 in a year and the natives further being integrated, especially the Aymara people. The population of the controlled territory is an estimated 250,000 and more being integrated and authority of the crown being imposed upon by the day
    • East African Protectorates: This military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The collective population of the protectorates is estimated at about five million between all three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port and the company buys nearly 15 top-of-the line ships from Spain to maintain her interests in the area. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain, the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. Spain properly also sells about 25 top-of-the-line war galleons and frigates to the company here. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 100,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Cochin: The troops following the seizure are scaled down to 1000 troops led and trained by Spanish officers. The economic output of the area is considerably large for a new acquisition with the agriculture expanded to be able to supply most of Hispania's territories in the region. This output is expanded to to include whatever metals are included and is to be included in the Spanish global trading network. The Royal governor of Cochin is established in the city of Bago, the areas gretest port city and impressed with it the Hispanian governor makes it the capital of the Spanish territory of Cochin. As a militaristic governor he immediately begins plans to keep the region secure and prevent further uprising, as well as make the territory profitable for him, and keep the Spanish East India Company out of the area. Cochin maintains an estimated population of about 450,000 and growing thanks to the economic opportunity of working and providing trade good for Spain.
    • Dawei: Dawei is continually rebuilt from the initial revolts and the city begins to experience an increase in trade and Spanish investment. The military of the area is increased to about 500 Sepoy troops with a support of about three Spanish war galleons to keep the peace. The city itself expands to start becoming a much more metropolitan city attracting many traders from across the area that cannot set up shop in the Spanish territory of Cochin. The city following its massive destruction in the revolt has a mere 30,000 people living within its boundaries but it is steadily increasing.
  • Vorlayacor: Urban cleanup continues, and Machitonis and Nov Xoryan have resultantly become tourist attractions, both from other towns in Vorlayacor and some richer areas of Europe. The navy constructs new doraks to replace aging ones; the new versions are faster and equipped with more cannons. The military expands and continues its training.
  • Mansuryian Sultanate: The Ten Year Plan of military build up and construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad is finally complete, and thus Sultan Amir's dream has come true. With this dream finally realized, he dies, and thus his 18 year old son takes over, Sultan Abdul-Muhaimin Ibn Nuquad and thus there is a Coronation held for the new Sultan. As a result of the Ten Year Military Build Up, Construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad, and Coronation of Sultan Abuil-Muhalmin Ibn Nuquad, there is a massive parade in the centre of Baghdad. As a result of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad being complete, there is a massive revival of Sunni Islam, which is called The Great Revival. As such, we now believe we must spread Islam and the Mosque Model everywhere, thus fueling our imperalism. While constructing mosques on the border of Mansurryia and OTL Saudi Arabia, we saw their horrid conditions and thus we seek to bring civilization and unity under Islam and the Mosque Model by expanding 25 px into their territory. (I found out that this was implausible, as it is uninhabitable for now) We also seek to colonize Eastern Africa in order to bring Islam and the Mosque Model there. Infra turn. With our nation being re-established 70 years ago, there is a grand parade held in the center of Baghdad, celebrating 70 years of Manusurryian History, and many reflect on what has happened. (Purges, The Mosque Model, The Great Safavid Union and War, The UIN, the Interim Government, Sultan Amir's reign of peace, and the current reign under Sultan Abul). With this being the case, we elect Sultan Abul-Muhailim as the new leading Sultan of the UIN)
  • Mansurryian General Dip: We consider the Ankaran proposal. We humbly and graciously thank the Empire of Urdustan for allowing us to be the only selected special trading partner in the UIN in the Declaration of 1593. Now that the year is 1600, we open up Milh, the Alexandrian Omanese trade enclave near OTL Adu Dubai, which sells many domestic goods and goods from the Urdustani Empire. In order to use the the Port of Milh, there will have to be negotations in order to use the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) since we have complete control over the Gulf.
  • Mansurryian-Yemeni Dip: We request that in return for Masirah Island complete access to the Manssuryian Gulf and the Port of Milh, we get  OTL Djibuti and the very tip of the Horn of Somalia, as well as access to ports and trading rights. We thank Yemen for granting us land in the Horn of Africa and Eritrea and we are currently integrating the enclaves into under our jurisdiction, which should be completed next year. We also would like to further negotiate port access.
  • Mansurryian-Romanian Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Romanian Somalia in return for Romanian goods.
    • Romanian Diplomacy: We accept the trade proposal.
  • Mansurryian-Roman Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Roman Eastern Africa in return for Roman goods.
    • Southern Persia: Military build up is complete. We now go back to building up infrastructure.
    • Oman: Infra build up under the Mosque Model continues. Mosques are particularly constructed on the border of the Oman and OTL Saudi Arabia. Infra turn with the Mosque Model complete in Oman, infrastructure and economy booms. We use this new found money to further develop the economy. There is also a huge Sunni Islamic revival, which fuels imperialism.Eco turn.
    • Queshm Island: Infra build up and port construction under the Mosque Model continues. Infra turn.
    • Milh: The Governor was installed one year ago during the transnational period between independence and complete vassalization, and now we are officially under the control of the Mansurryian Sultanate. We are now greeted with the traditional vassalage welcome of the Sultanate-Implementation of the Mosque Model. Infra turn. With our unique blend of Omanese and Alexandrian culture, we are known as a safe haven for Christians in the Sultanate. We are also known hustling and bustling trading port in the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) and we start to receive Urdustani goods from the exclusive trade offer established between Mansurryia (as well as the Indian League, Hispania, and Rome) during the Declaration of 1593.Now that it is the year 1600, we open up our port, Milh, access will be proposed, negotiated, accepted, or declined under Mansurryian diplomacy.
    • New Baghdad: As a result of the land exchange for Masirah and trading rights, Yemen cedes part of Yemeni Eritrea to us, consisting of OTL Djibouti, and we found the port city of New Baghdad (OTL Djibouti City) as the colony's capital. The colony of New Baghdad also includes Ali Sabielh, as a sort of inland capital to adminster New Baghdad's interior, as well as a jump start point for expansion. The Colonial Governor is in charge of New Baghdad, and is met with the traditional Mansurryian welcome of the Mosque Model. (This is especially symbolic since the Mosque Model was introduced to Old Baghdad (Manssuryian Sultanate) 70 years ago. The Mosque Model works like this: Mosques are the centre of the town, and as the centre of each markets and homes are built around the mosques, thus creating towns. As new towns are created roads are created between them, thus fueling the economy. The money used from the economy boom is used to make new mosques, which makes the cycle go all over again. Other results include rise in Sunni Islam and support for the governor. A plan for a road between New Baghdad and Ali Sabieh is being worked out, as well as a plan to connect Addis Ababa, Ali Sabieh and New Baghdad. Wells, along with mosques, are constructed. We expand 50 px inland.
    • Thank you SOO much for adopting the fixed version of this post.
  • Tawatinsuyu: Military, navy and economy improve. The Inca government begins to quash the National's attacks against the Empire. Roughly 5% of the Inca population supports the nationals, with another 60% supporting the government. The remaining 30% are neutral. Population across the empire hits 1,680,000. Qusqo is currently the largest city, (140,000), followed by Peru (66,000), Machu Picchu (52,000), Chimu (27,000) and Sican (23,000). The Inca begin to push east as well. The areas taken in the push east are organized into the Willkapampa Wamani. The areas between the Wanka Wamani and Chimorsuyu are also incorporated into the empire. The total size of the army hits 29,000. Apeac I gives birth to his third child child, a daughter, who dies shortly after birth along with the child's mother. Cava hits the age of 13 while Apeac II hits age 8. The number of districts, or Wamani, in the empire is ten. They are, in decreasing order of population: Hanan Qosqo (410,000), Hurin Qosquo (266,000), Hurin Nazca (110,000), Wanka (109,000), Hanan Nazca (102,000), Hurin Chimor (98,000), Anti Chimo, (90,000), Aymara (66,000), Willkapampa (45,000), and La Paz (28,000). The four quarters, or Suyu of the empire, in decreasing order of population, are: Cuzco Suyu  (755,000),  Chimor Suyu (168,000), Nazca Suyu (282,000), and Aymara Suyu (67,000). Not every district falls under one of the Suyu. Following an attack on the La Paz settlement, it comes under direct control of the Inca government. The southern border expands to absorb it, making it into the La Paz district. The capital is founded as New Burgundy, to represent a large French minority in the empire, in OTL La Paz. Representing the large German minority, city with the creation of the Hesperian League, the Inca economy begins to expand and ties with Vorlyclayr and the Zapotec begin to deepen. Following the deepening ties with Spain, the Nationalist movement re-emerges, mostly in the eastern frontier. Having received ships from Spain, the Inca Navy is formed and the First Fleet of the Inca is christened. We thank Spain for the loan and we begin to reconstruct Hurin Nazca. "The Great Plague" makes a re-emergence in the Eastern and Western most districts, stunning growth outside of Cuzco Suyu.
    • Chiribaya Wamani: The Inca occupation of Chiribaya ends as a new capital is formed. The Capital is named Chirbaya Qosqo, (Chiribaya Central) and is located in OTL Tacna. Population of the nation hits 180,000. The Army of Chiribaya Wamani is formed, replacing the old Chiribaya War Band. Military, navy and economy improve. Chiribaya Qosqo is developed and the city of New Gibraltar is founded in OTL Monquegua. Population of Chiribaya Qosqo hits 20,000, while the population of New Gibraltar hits 10,000.
  • Mongol Khanate: The Mongols continue to expand their economy.
  • In Livonia, the Livonian War captivates national attention. The skillful deployment of military aid from our allied Hamburger and Oldenburger friends all make an extremely big impact in staving off the Pskovian border battles. While negotiations with Pskov are underway, Prussia surprises Livonia by attacking from the South. This doubly treacherous act forces a draft to be imposed in Kuramo, but again, serfs are promised their freedom in exchange for military service. This encourages many men to join the army in order to free their families. As a result of the Prussian invasion, a battle takes place at Skuodas, in which the Prussian are beaten back. This invasion, which Jaagup attributes to Pskovian treachery, convinces Jaagup to allow Count Maunas to finish off the government of Pskov. After a long siege, and a naval battle at the mouth of the Gulf of Finland, Pskov falls to Livonian forces. Prussia soon meets a similar fate. In the colonial spectrum, Kōlaisa Jõugõisa and Vȯiti Vež both fight off the PIC and then counterattack, gaining the upperhand and defeating the colonial government of the PIC. The economy expands after the blockade was lifted.
    • Kuramo declares war on Pskov and Prussia this year, after the invasion of Kuramo by Prussian forces. Saare-Lääne fights navally and militarily against Pskov and also declares war on the invading Prussians. The Livonian language is supported in both of these nations by the war and need. Both nations expand economically.

Ffor Pskov this year is uneventful, the Invading Livonian forces held back, yada yada yada stuf stuff stuff agricultural revolution conginues PIC grows to max.

  • |onte: Continues to have a large surplus of grain and rice. Though adopting "western farming", the idea of "the tribe" is still very much so alive, as people always share the crops they have grown, or the animals they have hunted amongst the community. Due to the policy of planting tree groves, desert reclamation has started taking serious effect in some parts of |onte. This year has resulted in sixty elephants being killed. A new expansion of the elephant pen has begun. |onte's population rises to over 1,834,000. The city of Kunene, the city of marble, reaches almost 100,000 people. Mon VII takes on the expansion north 300 sq km (6 pixels) a year with the Eheresito hu Kunene. Mon V brings books from |onte to !Xoonte as a gift, and a few gifts of ivory hoping to improve relations with their King, and spread |on culture. Mon V begins teaching the King of Zimbabwe about the many wonders of literature and |on, along with giving him many gifts. So Kuneneli offers to sell the rest of his paintings to the British. It has become the fashion, in Kunene, for men to go without the traditional loincloth, and embrace masculinity. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX is intrigued by the concept of laws.
  • Austria: This turn in both our nation and the nations of Bohemia, Luxembourg, Austrian Switzerland, Lusatia, and our colonial territories and possessions is dedicated to military. We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port, to respond to dangers in the area and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren. With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Several ships begin construction in Trieste, Melilla, Venice, and other ports, to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and other trade partners, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. Expeditions to the New World continue to increase trade with our possessions, establishing a trade route between Westenland, Reichland, and the West Indies. Trade posts in the Caribbean are expanded and grow as they become more frequently visited. Neu Bruchhausen and Dominisburg continues to expand. We ask to buy back the territory of Kluftland from Hispania, and also offer a potential military alliance to ensure the safe transfer of the territory and to ensure our mutual defense in the future. Military from the time of our union with Spain continues to be reformed and upgraded, forming the tercio, an infantry formation made up of pikemen, swordsmen and arquebusiers in a mutually supportive formation. Each tercio is standardized at 3000 soldiers, and drilled to be proficient in combat. The southern colonies in Africa are organized and named Kamerun, and continue to expand south. We begin vassalizing Slovakia.
  • Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: This turn is dedicated to military development. We begin rebuilding our nation’s manpower and military capabilities after the series of recent wars. Trade continues between neighboring nations and allies, as well as to our colonies in the Imperial Sea. Ship production is increased in our ports, with new shipyards and docks being constructed to facilitate larger garrisons of trade ships and military vessels. A small castle begins construction in Gdansk to protect the city and harbor. Declares war on Livonia to aid our allies. We fully mobilize and deploy siege weapons.
    • Polish Imperial Isles: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Steady streams of colonists reach the island of St Stanislaus, where they will soon be sent onto the islands of St Otto and Nowy Krakow to settle. About 100 colonists reach the island of St Otto and successfully settle the island of 300 sq km. However, in Nowy Krakow, about 300 colonists have landed on the island and created a small town with minor fortifications. The northern coast of Nowy Krakow has been secured. We fully mobilize and deploy siege weapons.
  • This entire thing was posted 15 HOURS LATE. We got on crim for 2 hours you don't get to post 15 hours late. If you want to continue the war then post it on 1612 and do a counterattack algo and don't screw with the previous algo that Rex won somehow. -Feud
  • As I explained to Feud this was a restoration of a deleted turn, and the war issue has since been resolved.

1612

Following witch trials in the English city of Northampton, four women and one man are hanged, in what becomes known as the Northamptonshire Witch Trials. Ten 'Pendle witches' are also hanged in Lancashire, England after being accused of witchcraft.

Note: Non-Mods cannot strike-out players turns, they can only draw attention to the turn for the mods to decide actions. Thank you. "SO SAYETH THE EAGLE" - Fascist Eagle ಠ_ಠ (talk)

/me looks at Lx ... Pink Floyd Hammer Flag - The Wall I'd rather be a hammer than a nail...
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the naus continue being used. Naval explorations directed to the west continue. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz expands north by 2500 sq km. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz. Meanwhile, pau-brasil (brazilwood) starts to be extracted in the colony. Meanwhile, the colony of São Sebastião expands 2500 sq km.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo and Ulsan.
  • Ayutthaya: Our primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Spain and the Netherlands is used to make stronger and more effective ships, while our vast gunpowder supply benefits our weaponry. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up to date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is build in rural areas and trade routes are grown. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy.
    • Lanna: The population of Lanna continues to become happy with the vassalisation of their land. Lanna city begins having new market growth after trade with Bengal is opened through their border. Military presence in Lanna is still high and we continue to develop schools and markets to help the economy of the region thrive.
    • Ayutthayan Nicobar: Our navy continues to use the Nicobar as an outpost where they can be repaired and restocked. The Thai population of the Nicobar grow and the native Nicobar people continue to thrive on the island of Teressa and Bompoka where their culture is supported by us. More schools and facilities are built on Nicobar to help support our population of the islands.
    • Aceh: While protestors continue to be a problem for the vassalisation of the region, we make sure that all Thai in the region are not disturbed and we set up many military posts. We spend a large sum of money making sure the region doesn't become out of control and that the Ayutthayan government can maintain its ruling position over their lands. A naval base is made where our ships can dock and repair. Larger cities of the region continue to attract more Thai people from Ayutthaya. Large amounts of traders are attracted to the region for Saltpetre exports, where they are exchanged for local herbs and spices.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 3900 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand eastward by 700 sq km. The government decides to move on the Dutch reformists by allowing them to remain on the French territory, however, putting some taxes for allowing them free passage in French land. However, the French government makes clear that their beliefs are with Catholicism and that any attempt of violent expansion will be considered as an act of aggression and hence the Dutch-Wallon reformist may be persecuted. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans in the area of OTL Cundinamarca in the search of the Aureana - a city made of gold - in the vicinity of several lakes. Although not finding the city lots of gold gods are found and sent to France in order to boost the economy back on its feet. Mining begins in the Pirouien mountains and the region of Equatoriale Province for gold and silver though only a few are found. The colony of Nouvelle Orleans divides in five provinces New Orleans OTL northern Colombia and Antioquia Sableville in north western Venezuela, Equatoriale in southwest Colombia and Aurienne in the central areas and Emeraldia in central eastern Colombia. After years of ignoring an important part of the treaty, France decides helping Austria to rebuild initiating in the area of Tyrol and Western Austria. Due to close proximity to French Rhineland gold begins entering the economy of the country from Colombian and Peruvian mines. A colony is established. Saint Louis d'Africa continues expanding by 500 sq km and 200 sq km in Kenya. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The peasant revolt is ignored for now, although it proves the king that he may need to enforce a new politic in the ruralmost areas of France.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Rhineland officially withdraws from the HRE after the council votes on 65 against 35 on withdrawing from the HRE, the council begins creating a constitution based on both German and French laws to establish within the area of the kingdom.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Freibourg and Valais are withdrawn from the HRE following the withdrawal of Rhineland.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • French Mali: Military and economy are built up.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
  • County of Oldenburg: The Oldenburger public laps up stories of the brave exploits of the small army contingent in the Northern war. The "Yellow Coats" as they are known become something of a focal point for the public, a glimmer of hope showing the strength of Oldenburg after the devastation of the harsh winter. The nation's artists start making paintings and sculptures celebrating their (sometimes grossly overinflated) acts of heroism, almost all in the Unfertigkeit style. In Neu Norderney, the three explorers of the Rumpelstiltskin expedition return to Jacqueline and publish their discoveries in a beautifully illustrated book called Voyage on the Rumpelstiltsken. It contains sketches, maps, diagrams, descriptions, and a triple dedication: to the Count of Oldenburg, the Prince-Bishop-Regent, and the Lord of Neu Norderney. Missionaries of the Order of Satin Theobald continue travelling to the Neihaw lands, proseletyzing as they go.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The University improves.
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: Several Sachems, especially the new and more radical ones from the South, feel that the nation has stagnated in its efforts to unite all Crees, and that more could be done in this direction. With a majority in the Council of Sachems, they pull the nation in a more radical direction and declare war on the Eastern Cree. 5000 troops are deployed against the disorganized tribal forces of that nation, the vast majority of whom are hunters or farmers and have no loyalty to the chiefs’ ideas of sub-ethnic groups within the Cree. Accordingly, the Eastern Cree people are treated gently, supplies are properly paid for, and plundering and rapine is punished. Several cannons are also deployed, terrifying the Eastern Cree troops, and the fast-moving cavalry enable the Nehilaw troops to outmaneuver opposing forces with ease. Back in the Sachemate, conversion to Christianity following the arrival of missionaries of the order of Saint Theobald continues. The Moose Cree also continue to be vassalized (Turn 11 of 20), while Winipakw expands 500 km.
  • Damascan Sultanate:  Sulimen IV rules as Sultan, now aging at 39. His uncle, Sulimen III now aging at 70, continues ruling over in Kurdistan. Sulimen IV promotes migration to Damascus as it now numbers 419,000. Damascus has grown huge now, and continues to as it is now the largest city in the Damascan Sultanate. The military is expanded. Antioch's population grows to 276,000. Sulimen IV requests a wife to rule his nation with him. The people continue to rally toward Islam. In Kurdistan, the Turks begin to slow their chaotic behavior with the arquebus equipped Janissaries entering the newly conquered territory. We begin vassalizing the Karamanian Sultanate (Turn Four of Six). As an Arab nation now begins to enter the land with good Turk relation the people seem to be happier. Sulimen III starts implementing more of the Qu'ran into the law in Kurdistan, people begin taking a liking to it. Spices and salt are sent to the Malaccan Sultanate. We continue modernizing and upgrading our guns. We receive more ships (snaphaunces) from Malacca in return for glass and textiles. We begin developing and advancing our weaponry, the old lever lock guns are being replaced slowly with Arquebuses. We begin building ships in the Red and Mediterranean Sea. The total census of the Damascan Sultanate has risen to 25.7 million. A port is still given haven to any travels and any merchants the Romanians may have. The navy is upgraded, and we begin building our ships to be more like the old Dutch model given to us by the Malaccan Sultanate. Karaman and Damascus begin to become friends again, as the governments see their wrongdoings, all Turks are promised haven in Damascan lands once again and won't be moved to foreign nations. Karaman, being the most Arab, therefore becomes closer to Damascus, and Diyabakir begins to take shine to the sultanate. Ankara remains strongly independent, as having the largest Turkic population, and will not be as easily swayed. The Sultan dies. UIN council meets in Baghdad, to vote for a new leader. 
    • Azerbaijan (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): The northern land is given to the Tartary, due to their good relations and acceptance and tolerance of Islam. Military expands. The region continues merging into the Damascan Sultanate. Azerbaijan continues to merge into the Damascan Sultanate, particularly the Kurdistan regent.
    • Palestine (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): A census is taken to find the population of Jerusalem alone. Jerusalem holds a total of 292,000. And slowly falls with the fighting between the Jews, Muslims and Christians. The people feel safe, yet also principled with the forces now in the city. As the city has fully been repaired, the military is expanded training Muslim militias. Sultan Sulimen IV, leader of the Damascan Sultanate, announces that Jerusalem will continue to be a unified city for all religions, and all are welcome to use the city for religious purposes.
    • Yimennendahla: Trade becomes large throughout the state. A census is taken totaling: 40,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Aleppraqht: Trade is swimming through the streets as the largest city in the land gain. Trade increased with Yemen and trade now extravagantly reaching Africa. Census is taken totaling: 55,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Jivadier: Trade is largely based on Yemen, Mansuriyya and Somalia/Eritrea. Census is taken totaling: 45,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Dhubab: The new port colony in Yemen bought from the Romanians remains to be a key focal point for the exit of the Philadelphi Canal. Economy and navy expand.
  • Pskov: Continues about its daily business. The Agricultural Revolution continues as the potato, a new plant acquired by the PIC from Europe, starts being used to enrich soil, and people notice that it produces much food for yield, better than grain and whatnot, but contnue producing everything. The Pskovian Veche decides to punish the PIC for its attack of livonian colonies, by making it pay 1000 zolotniks (well, really just "highly suggesting" it). In any case, an exploratory fleet of the PIC is sent to Africa. Much continues in the way of shipbuilding as the Novoprussiys and Nizhegorodsk-na-Narve Arsenals work to full capacity. Knyaz Lavrov continues his policies in Europe, building more Banks and establishing trade connections. IN any case, the Economic Golden age continues. Rum becomes a popular drink in Europe. An AStronomer discovers the Moons of Jupiter, and publishes his findings as even further proof of Heliocentrism, that the Moons can orbit a planet, and the planet can orbit something else. While the theory is in basic acceptance, the people have even further proof of its irrefutability. A lone crazy man tries to blow up Knyaz's Residences using the sewage below to store gunpowder (apparently he was angry about the death of some family member and also wanted to be prince, but did not believe he would ever be elected). Fortunately, he is caught by a guard that followed him, and is found guilty of treason soon afterward. Instead of the death penalty, though, he is forced into the Custody of the Pskov Imperial Company, to live the rest of his life in exile in the colonies, away from Pskov where he and his teachings could potentially do more damage. In other news, the PSkovians push further into Livonian territory, The Second Seige of Narva is a success, and the Pskovian troops march farther and farther into the territory of Livonia, with help from their new friends in Russia, who hopefuly see the error of their ways in invading Pskov, although it might take a decade or so for animosity to be completely gone as per plausibility.
    • The Pskov Imperial Company: sets up relations with the NPC states in the Gulf of Mexico, taking advantage of them as much as possible. After the declaration by the Pskov Veche, the PIC does little to pay back damages, and instead keeps all things they plundered and makes them into transformed resources, and sells them back to the Prussians and Livonians and ROmans. Meanwhile, the Potato is doing well in the colonies as a substitute for stuff, and the rum business really begins to take off, the older vintages making lots of money and becoming popular. THe PIC's holdings expand to the max in the Bahamas and lesser antillies. The PIC sends out a small exploratory fleet to Africa, where they stumble upon unclaimed swaths of land that they are preparewd to exploit. The PIC establishes the Pskov Imperial Company African Division, to try to explore and trade in Southern Africa and drain it of whatever resources it has for, simply put, money. The Pskov Imperial company occupies a few more Livonian Islands this year, and wards off a Livonian attack on Novopskovsk. More ships are made in Novoprussiys and are christened in the battles of the Finnish Gulf and the Imperial sea.
    • Since the Pskovian government has been toppled, as per the war algo, I ask that this turn be fixed. Pskov is now called Pleskava, and is a vassal of Livonia. Futhermore, the PIC no longer exists.
    • No you did not vassalize him off the defensive war, there was no counter attack, you get 3-4% as the rules state. offensive algo is needed for a toppled govt -Feud
  • Tibet: More Buddhist temples are continuing to be built. Roads are continuing to be fixed so that travelers on the silk roads can easily get to our nation. Our own version of the arquebus gun is being made. Farming is our most important industry. We mine resources in our caves. We ask the people of our nation if they can help increase the population. The military is increasing due to new training that has been made. This new training is line infantry training with marching aspects. The military is become bigger due to new tech and more people joining. We continue to vassal the two small nations to the west by our border. (I do not know their names. Please help me figure out their names).
    • Nepal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Chutiya: We build up our military and economy.
    • Shan States: We build up our military and economy.
  • Hispania: The Spanish populace hovers around 14.2 million and thanks in large part to the implementation of learned Incan farming methods, and the incorporation of some of the new American staple crops into Spanish diet. Population growth, however, is becoming increasingly stunted by many Spaniards - even some of noble birth - immigrating to the colonies and other territories overseas. The immigration of multiple high nobles confuses the parliament and King but allows this to continue seeing it as a way to organize troops and territories further under the Viceroy. The economy, thanks to the aggressive colonialism, continues to expand immensely and the Spanish economy becomes the most powerful in Europe passing the French economy by leaps and bounds with the massive influx of gold, silver and jewels contributing heavily regardless of many of these precious items being non-integrated into the economy and stored. The armed forces continue their push to remain the most modern and begins to build a host of new ships to replace older ones which are sold to its vassals, trade companies and other territories of the Empire. The Empire continues large scale investments into the colonies and overseas territories ensuring loyalty and considerably more profitable, With this and the 200 years of Spanish Colonial history, the Colonies get another wave of mass investment to fund their expansion. Hispania sends a fleet of nearly 30 ships to Pskov refusing to recognize any nullification of the Defensive pact between Pskov and Spain. We request that nearly 1000 Spanish Troops be allowed to land in the nation as well.
    • Kingdom of Italy: Italy reaches its troop amount of 30,000 with it being armed and trained by Spanish troops in tactics. The Italian army is expanded moderately with some naval ships being purchased to replace losses. However, the Invulnerable Spanish army discourages any from speaking their mind and most deal with the relatively benevolent rule of the Spanish. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. The First Corps of Spanish and Italian speakers form in Italy with a force of nearly 5000 raised for this. This begins to show the compatibility of Italian and Spanish Culture as the merging of the cultures continues. Italy goes to war with livonia over westminster
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a trade fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships. 15,000 troops are sent with a decent amount being mercenaries.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The New King (King of Spain) is installed on the throne of Lombardy as his military leadership will be needed in the kingdom and the crown is tied with the Spanish one just as the Italian crown is. With this, he begins a process toward rebuilding the economy and military of the kingdom. The military is a raised force of 25,000 with many of them being pro-Spanish Hispanicized Italians which have been rapidly spreading across Italy. The population of Lombardy is at an estimated 1.5 million and counting. The Nation's economy is now in a process of integration into the Hispanian economy.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella. Its military forces are expanded to about 5000.
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavy under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Vatican City is re-instated as the Pope requested a small enclave of the Papacy for himself. Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population is two million. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about 1.5 million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had.
    • Mapuche: The Mapuche people begin to see the first mixed children between Spanish and Mapuche people. The Spanish institute the Ecomienda system. However, the Spanish governor, in order to keep control of the people, orders the Spanish heads of the system to treat the natives fairly in order to prevent mass deaths from overworking and resentment. Spanish farming techniques have definitely prevented starvation as the Mapuche continue to expand toward the coast building a road to connect it all. The Spanish governor, also using the local Mapuche as scouts, is able to expand much more than the Buenos Aires colony and uses this to his advantage to secure more land to be able to turn over to Spanish settlers. The royal governor ramps up expansion for some of the new plantation owners setting up expanding the the territory by 5000 sq km. The population of the Mapuche people is lowly put at about 15,000 with about 40,000 Spanish settlers living within the borders. The sharp increase in Mapuche is purely built out of many Mapuche starting to come back in order to live in peace under the Hesperian league's mandates.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Spanish begin to sponsor settlers in Morelia to begin expanding on the continent down the coast. (5000 sq km). The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.2 million with many living within the Cuba island territory.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand, the mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The Military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The Population of Tenocha is counted at nearly nine million with the inclusion of large native cities, expansion of the borders farther north, and the immigration of Spaniards. With this, however, a few prominent priests in Hispania have made it quite obvious that the Integrated native cities should be left alone outside of tribute collection and troop levies in order to preserve the working potential of theit population and prevent disease from totally wiping them out. Many, however, have begun to see a large rise in immunity to diseases such as smallpox. The Tenocha expand by 8000 sq km.
    • Mission of Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the disorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the disorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the Church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezians, unable to select a king from their remaining nobles, delegate to the Queen of Spain (Castile and Aragon) who chooses a man named Antonio Lo Grato to rule as Prince of Venice in place of the Queen of Spain. A well acclaimed and respected man, he immediately enacts reforms. The Venezian economy with access to the Spanish economy begins to recover and for the first time in years due to this. The Venezians begins its long road to naval recovery and begins to use its vast knowledge to begin building ships not only for itself but acquires the blueprints to improve on Spanish ships to allow for sale back to the king. The Venezian military is also raised to a token force of about 10,000 due to its location but remains lightly armed and unable to project power or fight any unsupported offensives.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 45,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the country side and establishing new towns and cities. The colony proper reaches nearly 1,000,000 in population seeing large amounts of Colonial immigration now from both Spain and Hispanicized Italians. This unprecedented size in population  The viceroy in order to expand the food supply of the large colony expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas.. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. The Colony specifically expands 75 px. This expansion, however, is stunted by a massive rainforest which after years of trying to penetrate has become more costly than not diverting further exploration attempts toward the Inca territories to the west. New Spain begins an immense project to attact settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. Of many cities developing some begin to gain large populations as well with multiple cities farther north and south develop heavily. Buenos Aires and San Sorento are the two largest cities in the colony with Buenos Aires maintaining 50,000 people and San Sorento maintaining about 30,000 people. Both cities are large coastal port cities. The unexpected guarantee of right as Spanish citizens leaves many people elated as being treated equally as the people who live in Spain. With this, the Viceroy unable to hold a higher position than royalty stands by as sub-viceroy to Cristo Di Habsburg. The tradition of many people of the royal family taking up residency in the colonies is well received as one of Cristos aging uncles visits him and lives with him as the Bishop of Buenos Aires.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand lowers to 45,000 colonists as many die to disease. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 50 px.
    • New Granada: The colony of New Granada - formerly San Francisco - sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 55 px. The colony's population expands to around 50,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the colony of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. Another port settlement is established in the lucrative Bay of Juarez with the settlement of Arica established at the mouth of the river and the city heading north with port facilities being established.
    • Philippines: Spanish continue to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. The Spanish then begin to send in a royal governor who makes plans to expand the island nation, and begins work on its economy and military to do so. Gold and silver from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Colony itself. The Philippines expand (now 50 px) per Spanish order as the potential for hostile natives and other threats in the area has led to a switch in policy as well as the movement of nearly 2000 Spaniards and a fleet of nearly 20 warships to the area preventing any force from attacking to continue expansion. With the close of the revolt, the Chinese people within the borders are expelled by any means necessary.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals, and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy
    • Chile: The few hundred Spanish settlers who established some terraced farms and a small town expand settlements in the mountains to avoid earthquakes and other acts of God. The area is militarily supported by the CMA located in the Inca and a force of about 2000 is used to maintain order in the area. The Chilean royal governor along with the Colonial Authority begins to increase the economy of the area and is planning on a period of expansion coming up in the next few years. Chile continues to expand increasing to nearly 5000 sq km of Aymara territory and the discovery of massive silver deposits in which a native city now taken by Spaniards already stands, the population of Chile explodes with many gold and silver seekers moving to the area with the Spanish populace of Chile increasing from a mere 2000 to nearly 10,000 in a year and the natives further being integrated, especially the Aymara people. The population of the controlled territory is an estimated 250,000 and more being integrated and authority of the crown being imposed upon by the day
    • East African Protectorates: This military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The collective population of the protectorates is estimated at about five million between all three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port and the company buys nearly 15 top-of-the line ships from Spain to maintain her interests in the area. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. Spain properly also sells about 25 top-of-the-line war galleons and frigates to the company here. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 100,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Cochin: The troops following the seizure are scaled down to 1000 troops led and trained by Spanish officers. The economic output of the area is considerably large for a new acquisition with the agriculture expanded to be able to supply most of Hispania's territories in the region. This output is expanded to to include whatever metals are included and is to be included in the Spanish global trading network. The Royal governor of Cochin is established in the city of Bago, the areas gretest port city and impressed with it the Hispanian governor makes it the capital of the Spanish territory of Cochin. As a militaristic governor he immediately begins plans to keep the region secure and prevent further uprising, as well as make the territory profitable for him, and keep the Spanish East India Company out of the area. Cochin maintains an estimated population of about 450,000 and growing thanks to the economic opportunity of working and providing trade good for Spain.
    • Dawei: Dawei is continually rebuilt from the initial revolts and the city begins to experience an increase in trade and Spanish investment. The military of the area is increased to about 500 Sepoy troops with a support of about three Spanish war galleons to keep the peace. The city itself expands to start becoming a much more metropolitan city attracting many traders from across the area that cannot set up shop in the Spanish territory of Cochin. The city following its massive destruction in the revolt has a mere 30,000 people living within its boundaries but it is steadily increasing.
  • Mongol Khanate: The Mongol Khanate continues to expand their economy.
  • Tsardom of Croatia: Croatia focuses primarily on its economy. Trade routes are strengthened after and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the King and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HKRM (Hrvatska Kraljevska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the Tsar. Heir apparent Tvrtko Krešimir VI is of marital age and the Dacian ruler is asked if he could give the hand of his daughter Teodora to him.
    • Dan I of Dacia and his daughter Teodora accept the agreement.
  • Mansuryian Sultanate: The Ten Year Plan of military build up and construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad is finally complete, and thus Sultan Amir's dream has come true. With this dream finally realized, he dies, and thus his 18 year old son takes over, Sultan Abdul-Muhaimin Ibn Nuquad and thus there is a Coronation held for the new Sultan. As a result of the Ten Year Military Build Up, Construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad, and Coronation of Sultan Abuil-Muhalmin Ibn Nuquad, there is a massive parade in the centre of Baghdad. As a result of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad being complete, there is a massive revival of Sunni Islam, which is called The Great Revival. As such, we now believe we must spread Islam and the Mosque Model everywhere, thus fueling our imperalism. While constructing mosques on the border of Mansurryia and OTL Saudi Arabia, we saw their horrid conditions and thus we seek to bring civilization and unity under Islam and the Mosque Model by expanding 25 px into their territory. (I found out that this was implausible, as it is uninhabitable for now) We also seek to colonize Eastern Africa in order to bring Islam and the Mosque Model there. Infra turn. With our nation being re-established 80 years ago, there is a grand parade held in the center of Baghdad, celebrating 70 years of Manusurryian History, and many reflect on what has happened. (Purges, The Mosque Model, The Great Safavid Union and War, The UIN, the Interim Government, Sultan Amir's reign of peace, and the current reign under Sultan Abul)With this being the case, we elect Sultan Abul-Muhailim as the new leading Sultan of the UIN)
  • Mansurryian General Dip: We consider the Ankaran proposal. We humbly and graciously thank the Empire of Urdustan for allowing us to be the only selected special trading partner in the UIN in the Declaration of 1593. Now that the year is 1600, we open up Milh, the Alexandrian Omanese trade enclave near OTL Adu Dubai, which sells many domestic goods and goods from the Urdustani Empire. In order to use the the Port of Milh, there will have to be negotations in order to use the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) since we have complete control over the Gulf.
  • Mansurryian-Yemeni Dip: We request that in return for Masirah Island complete access to the Manssuryian Gulf and the Port of Milh, we get  OTL Djibuti and the very tip of the Horn of Somalia, as well as access to ports and trading rights. We thank Yemen for granting us land in the Horn of Africa and Eritrea and we are currently integrating the enclaves into under our jurisdiction, which should be completed next year. We also would like to further negotiate port access.
  • Mansurryian-Romanian Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Romanian Somalia in return for Romanian goods.
    • Romanian Diplomacy: We accept the trade proposal.
  • Mansurryian-Roman Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Roman Eastern Africa in return for Roman goods.
    • Southern Persia: Military build up is complete. We now go back to building up infrastructure.
    • Oman: Infra build up under the Mosque Model continues. Mosques are particularly constructed on the border of the Oman and OTL Saudi Arabia. Infra turn with the Mosque Model complete in Oman, infrastructure and economy booms. We use this new found money to further develop the economy. There is also a huge Sunni Islamic revival, which fuels imperialism.Eco turn.
    • Queshm Island: Infra build up and port construction under the Mosque Model continues. Infra turn.
    • Milh: The Governor was installed one year ago during the transnational period between independence and complete vassalization, and now we are officially under the control of the Mansurryian Sultanate. We are now greeted with the traditional vassalage welcome of the Sultanate-Implementation of the Mosque Model. Infra turn. With our unique blend of Omanese and Alexandrian culture, we are known as a safe haven for Christians in the Sultanate. We are also known hustling and bustling trading port in the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) and we start to receive Urdustani goods from the exclusive trade offer established between Mansurryia (as well as the Indian League, Hispania, and Rome) during the Declaration of 1593.Now that it is the year 1600, we open up our port, Milh, access will be proposed, negotiated, accepted, or declined under Mansurryian diplomacy.
    • New Baghdad: As a result of the land exchange for Masirah and trading rights, Yemen cedes part of Yemeni Eritrea to us, consisting of OTL Djibouti, and we found the port city of New Baghdad (OTL Djibouti City) as the colony's capital. The colony of New Baghdad also includes Ali Sabielh, as a sort of inland capital to adminster New Baghdad's interior, as well as a jump start point for expansion. The Colonial Governor is in charge of New Baghdad, and is met with the traditional Mansurryian welcome of the Mosque Model. (This is especially symbolic since the Mosque Model was introduced to Old Baghdad (Manssuryian Sultanate) 70 years ago. The Mosque Model works like this: Mosques are the centre of the town, and as the centre of each markets and homes are built around the mosques, thus creating towns. As new towns are created roads are created between them, thus fueling the economy. The money used from the economy boom is used to make new mosques, which makes the cycle go all over again. Other results include rise in Sunni Islam and support for the governor. A plan for a road between New Baghdad and Ali Sabieh is being worked out, as well as a plan to connect Addis Ababa, Ali Sabieh and New Baghdad. Wells, along with mosques, are constructed. We expand 50 px inland. We start trading with Romanian Somalia.
  • |onte: Continues to have a large surplus of grain and rice. Though adopting "western farming", the idea of "the tribe" is still very much so alive, as people always share the crops they have grown, or the animals they have hunted amongst the community. Due to the policy of planting tree groves, desert reclamation has started taking serious effect in some parts of |onte. This year has resulted in sixty elephants being killed. A new expansion of the elephant pen has begun. |onte's population rises to over 1,928,000. The city of Kunene, the city of marble, reaches almost 100,000 people. Mon VII takes on the expansion north 300 sq km (6 pixels) a year with the Eheresito hu Kunene. Mon V brings books from |onte to !Xoonte as a gift, and a few gifts of ivory hoping to improve relations with their King, and spread |on culture. Mon V begins teaching the King of Zimbabwe about the many wonders of literature and |on, along with giving him many gifts. So Kuneneli offers to sell the rest of his paintings to the British. It has become the fashion, in Kunene, for men to go without the traditional loincloth, and embrace masculinity. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX is intrigued by the concept of laws.
  • Tawatinsuyu: Military, navy and economy improve. The Inca government begins to quash the National's attacks against the Empire. Roughly 5% of the Inca population supports the nationals, with another 60% supporting the government. The remaining 30% are neutral. Population across the empire hits 1,720,000. Qusqo is currently the largest city, (140,000), followed by Peru (66,000), Machu Picchu (52,000), Chimu (27,000) and Sican (23,000). The Inca begin to push east as well. The areas taken in the push east are organized into the Willkapampa Wamani. The areas between the Wanka Wamani and Chimorsuyu are also incorporated into the empire. The total size of the army hits 29,000. Apeac I gives birth to his third child child, a daughter, who dies shortly after birth along with the child's mother. Cava hits the age of 13 while Apeac II hits age 8. The number of districts, or Wamani, in the empire is ten. They are, in decreasing order of population: Hanan Qosqo (410,000), Hurin Qosquo (266,000), Hurin Nazca (110,000), Wanka (109,000), Hanan Nazca (102,000), Hurin Chimor (98,000), Anti Chimo, (90,000), Aymara (66,000), Willkapampa (45,000), and La Paz (28,000). The four quarters, or Suyu of the empire, in decreasing order of population, are: Cuzco Suyu  (755,000),  Chimor Suyu (168,000), Nazca Suyu (282,000), and Aymara Suyu (67,000). Not every district falls under one of the Suyu. Following an attack on the La Paz settlement, it comes under direct control of the Inca government. The southern border expands to absorb it, making it into the La Paz district. The capital is founded as New Burgundy, to represent a large French minority in the empire, in OTL La Paz. Representing the large German minority, city with the creation of the Hesperian League, the Inca economy begins to expand and ties with Vorlyclayr and the Zapotec begin to deepen. Following the deepening ties with Spain, the Nationalist movement re-emerges, mostly in the eastern frontier. Having received ships from Spain, the Inca Navy is formed and the First Fleet of the Inca is christened. We thank Spain for the loan and we begin to reconstruct Hurin Nazca. "The Great Plague" makes a re-emergence in the Eastern and Western most districts, stunning growth outside of Cuzco Suyu.
    • Chiribaya Wamani: The Inca occupation of Chiribaya ends as a new capital is formed. The Capital is named Chirbaya Qosqo, (Chiribaya Central) and is located in OTL Tacna. Population of the nation hits 300,000. The Army of Chiribaya Wamani is formed, replacing the old Chiribaya War Band. Military, navy and economy improve. Chiribaya Qosqo is developed and the city of New Gibraltar is founded in OTL Monquegua. Population of Chiribaya Qosqo hits 20,000, while the population of New Gibraltar hits 10,000.
  • Wu China: Weary of Ming Aggression; We carry out a plan of Chinese unification. We pass welfare reforms, giving free rice to poor tenants and have our soldiers build projects in the Capital of Wu. We also viciously start to build up the city of Shanghai on the coast, proving as a valuable port city; thus improving the economy. We promote the idea of Chinese unification through culture and language. A while later; Wu China presents a proposal to all other Chinese states other than the Ming: Form one federated nation while keeping their land. This proposal is to deal with the Ming once and for all. [Needs Mod Response]
    • Wu does not receive a response fron any of the Chinese states. As for trading with anyone besides other Chinese states, it's not recomended considering they just fought a revolt over it.
  • Scandinavian Empire: Seeking to end the war in the Baltics, Scandinavia is at an impasse. They come to the conclusion that Prussia's new outlook on the world is disturbing and dangerous for the Baltic nations. In order to protect the Baltic nations from the threat of Prussia, Scandinavia declares war on Prussia. The military is mobilized and seige equipment is sent to the area. Since Prussia is a member of the Treaty of Westminster, this is a 1v1 fight enforcible by invasions from other members of the treaty.
    • Brandenburg: Brandenburg works with Pomerania to produce a surplus for this year. The military is expanded.
    • Greater Ingria: Ingria works desperately to provide a bountiful harvest for this year. In the meantime, the military is bolstered.
    • Huronsmark: The military is established.
    • Iceland: The military is expanded.
    • Karelia: Declares war on Prussia.
    • Lubeck: The military is expanded.
    • Nynorge: Expands by 250 sq km. The militia is expanded.
    • Pomerania: Declares war on Prussia
    • New Gotland: The military is expanded.
    • Schleswig: The military is expanded.
    • Strombek: The military is expanded. Strombek expands by 2000 sq km toward the Hudson Bay.
    • Vinland: The military is expanded.
  • Netherlands: This turn is officially dedicated to military. In the European continent the Netherlands continues to grow culturally, economically and scientifically, as promoted by the government. The cities of Amsterdam and Brussels remain the largest cities of the lowlands and their influence over the rest of the lowlands is starting to be seen. Lowland French continues to develop along separate lines then southern French, and the language continues to be important as both French and Dutch are spoken in the upper class and French is used for diplomatic ventures. The University of Brussels continues to flourish and the city itself is recognized as the most beautiful city in the Kingdom with only The Hague, Amsterdam and Namur rivaling it. The Palace of the Orient continues to be an important cultural centre in the city and the Mirza wing is built for the Mirza family to live in should they choose to. The Dutch navy is nearly completely remodeled now with modern ships replacing older models, which are scuttled or sold to privateers and merchants. We are glad Dai Viet has entered a military alliance with us, and we allow all protectorates to begin trading with them. We begin sending missionaries into Westphalia, in an effort to spread our faith.
    • Guiana: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Settlements along the coast of Hesperia continue to grow and expand as settlers establish homes in the region. Merchants hoping to establish trade lines with the area expand the territory, establishing fortifications and private trade houses. Realizing how important trade is to the region, the Netherlands issues a decree that all major settlements must be equipped with a fort capable of hindering attack by sea. Towns are also required to have a trained militia to man fortifications. It is hoped that this new initiative will cut back on piracy and raiding in the region, and ensure colonies in the New World are adequately defendable in case of war. Dutch explorers continue to explore the New Rhine and Amazon Rivers charting the lands and waters of the interior. The settlements continue to grow and prosper as more land is set aside for farming and plantations and the cities along the coastline grow as trade grows in the region. Fighting against the natives in the interior intensifies as Dutch-Wallon colonists and explorers push the frontier and establish forts along them. More slaves are sold in the New World and to the Indian states particularly to Urdistan as demand increases.
    • Benin: This turn is officially dedicated to military. As an autonomous part of the Dutch African Empire, Benin continues to develop. The first generation of European educated leaders arises, expanding infrastructure and schooling to educate the population.
    • Sunda: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Fortifications are built along major settlements to protect the region in case of attack. The city of Batavia especially is fortified with a garrison posted. The city also begins constructing docks to better facilitate trade and to house and repair a moderately sized fleet. The region becomes home to a small regional fleet to respond to crises in the region swiftly.
    • Malacca: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Having been newly established as a protectorate of the Dutch Empire, military forces from the Lowlands are moved into the region and garrisoned in major cities and forts to secure the territory and crush any rebellion. The city of Singapore is established as the regional capital of our administration in Malacca. A fort begins construction in the city to protect our administration, and to protect the straits from attack. A port also begins construction in the city to facilitate a large naval garrison.
    • Brunei: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Having been newly established as a protectorate of the Dutch Empire, military forces from the Lowlands are moved into the region and garrisoned in major cities and forts to secure the territory and crush any rebellion.
    • Borneo: This turn is officially dedicated to military. We begin establishing trade routes and posts in the new territory, to trade with locals on the island.
    • Dutch India: This turn is officially dedicated to military. We begin constructing a series of trade posts on the island of Ceylon, as well as naval bases to station a small navy. Military operations in Kotte are continued, with many rebellious citizens being arrested.
  • Austria: This turn in both our nation and the nations of Bohemia, Luxembourg, Austrian Switzerland, Lusatia, and our colonial territories and possessions is dedicated to military. We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port, to respond to dangers in the area and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren. With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Several ships begin construction in Trieste, Melilla, Venice, and other ports, to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and other trade partners, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. Expeditions to the New World continue to increase trade with our possessions, establishing a trade route between Westenland, Reichland, and the West Indies. Trade posts in the Caribbean are expanded and grow as they become more frequently visited. Neu Bruchhausen and Dominisburg continues to expand. We ask to buy back the territory of Kluftland from Hispania, and also offer a potential military alliance to ensure the safe transfer of the territory and to ensure our mutual defense in the future. Military from the time of our union with Spain continues to be reformed and upgraded, forming the tercio, an infantry formation made up of pikemen, swordsmen and arquebusiers in a mutually supportive formation. Each tercio is standardized at 3000 soldiers, and drilled to be proficient in combat. We ask to purchase Westenland back from France, and also offer an alliance in Africa, promising to aid them in their colonial endeavours. We begin vassalizing Slovakia.
  • Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: This turn is dedicated to military development. We begin rebuilding our nation’s manpower and military capabilities after the series of recent wars. Trade continues between neighboring nations and allies, as well as to our colonies in the Imperial Sea. Ship production is increased in our ports, with new shipyards and docks being constructed to facilitate larger garrisons of trade ships and military vessels. A small castle begins construction in Gdansk to protect the city and harbor. We fully mobilize for war against Livonia, and continue fighting this year, utilizing siege weapons.
    • Polish Imperial Isles: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Steady streams of colonists reach the island of St Stanislaus, where they will soon be sent onto the islands of St Otto and Nowy Krakow to settle. About 100 colonists reach the island of St Otto and successfully settle the island of 300 sq km. However, in Nowy Krakow, about 300 colonists have landed on the island and created a small town with minor fortifications. The northern coast of Nowy Krakow has been secured. We fully mobilize for war against Livonia, and continue fighting this year, utilizing siege weapons.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: This turn in Moscow and all vassals is officially dedicated to economy. We begin recovering from the war and rebuild our nation’s infrastructure and defenses. Surprised by the sudden betrayal we faced by our neighbors, we put aside resources for new fortifications and an undated military. Ship production continues, as does trade along our many trade routes. We accept the alliance from Prussia. Moscow and all vassals declare war on Livonia, fully mobilizing and bringing siege equipment.
    • Vologda: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. Trade between Moscow, Prussia, and other nations helps to amass wealth, which is partially used to finance infrastructural projects and military fortifications.
    • Novgorod: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. Trade between Moscow, Prussia, and other nations helps to amass wealth, which is partially used to finance infrastructural projects and military fortifications.
  • In Livonia, chaos ensues as Prussian allies suddenly decide to invade Livonia. faced with invasion from all sides, nobody is able to effectively determine how it would be best to defend against the oncoming onslaught. However, we manage to hold off the opposing enemies from our capital city and most vital regions. Some land is capture, but the Duke decides that the terms of the Treaty of Königsberg are too harsh and will only allow the invaders to illegally occupy the lands they have "gained." Toward the end of the year, news comes saying that Scandinavia is invading Prussia. Jaagup redeclares war on Prussia, with the goal of taking back all occupied lands from Prussia. Saare-Lääne and Kuramo also agree to go to war with Prussia in order to protect their liege.
    • Hispanian Dip: With Livonias attempt at taking advantage of the situation to war on a Westminster nation, Hispania officially declares an action on behalf of Westminster and prepares to invade livonia (pending the results of dicussion on the talk page)
  • Dai Viet: This turn is officially dedicated to military expansion. The nation of Dai Viet begins expanding its military to protect the nation against any foreign attack. The government begins an active role in equipping some units, using its funds to ensure that the entirety of the militia is equipped with pikes and swords. Crossbows also begin to be used in select units, who are trained to be most effective during cavalry charges and to provide support for our infantry. Gunpowder based weapons also become common in our nation and certain regiments begin training with the new devices. Government forces are called and put to the test securing our southern border, garrisoning in recently acquired territory. Alongside expanding ground forces, the government also sees the need to expand naval forces, a process that began several decades ago. Small ships capable of longer journeys are constructed in major port cities, and cities in the south along the coast are expanded to facilitate naval activity on par with our northern cities. Trade ships are attracted to our major ports from nearby nations. Facilities are upgraded to better facilitate trade. With several dozen small trade ships and warships under the command of the government vassals, and several ships under its personal command, the government orders a series of operations in the east waters of the nation, hoping to root out pirates and protect trade routes. As a test of our navy, our largest warships, equipped with cannons and other weapons, make several expeditions around the Biển Đông (South China Sea). Several more trade posts are established in the Philippines. After decades of growth and development, we establish the Riau Islands as a vassal of our nation, elevating it from its position as a colony. We continue influencing Khmer and Lan Xang. Raids into Khmer are forbidden, and the Hồ lords are arrested by the large military garrison in the south.
    • Riau Islands: This turn is officially dedicated to military expansion. Settlements on the Riau Islands grow as more people begin to settle them. After several years of expanding and trading in the region, the city of Ranai in the Natuna Islands grows to become a regional trade center and port city. A port and shipyard begins construction on the islands.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1612, Bavaria expands its economy. The population continues to rise. King Franz-Albert II, aged 47, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. The Curia Bavaria order the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction in Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with  Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, and Scandinavia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice, and a future union with Hesse and currently a dynastic union with the Palatinate. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. In domestic news, King Franz-Albert II continues to attempt the propagation of the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 20% of Bavaro-Germany secondary speakers in Saxony and Wurzburg, as well as a slew of minority speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 10,000 remaining in Saxony, and 15,000 in Thuringia. Starting in 1595, several high Saxon nobles are displaced, mostly by having their titles and lands revoked, and given out to Bavarian nobility. In 1607, the question of Franz-Albert's marriage is no longer an issue, as it becomes apparent that he will not marry. Furthermore, rumors of the King being gay are an open secret. That in itself is not an issue to most courtiers or councillors. However, many detractors, many in Greater Saxony, continue to criticize the King and use the rumor to their full advantages. In September, Franz-Albert II makes the decision to recognize his younger brother Johann, born 1576, as his heir. Johann already has six children, in order of age, Maria-Sofia, Isabella, Leopold, Karl, and Catherine.
    • Grand Duchy of Landshut: Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. The Curia Bavaria continue to operate. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Munchen: By 1610, Queen Isabell University continues to grow. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Collegiate Writs begin to draw more men to college.
    • Duchy of Straubing: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Duchy of Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County Burgau: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Nurnburg Incident continues to remain in memory, having put the country into a startled stupor for the majority of 1561.
    • County of Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Bamberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Greater Saxony: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Adalbert II normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion. Adalbert II dies in 1599, and the Saxon throne passes to Franz-Albert II.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Duchy of Swabia-Württemberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Franz-Albert is proclaimed as Duke of Swabia-Württemberg.
    • Nei Baiern: The colony of Nei Baiern, reaching a population of 2100, expands this year. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, and Bayreuth all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. In 1595, the settlement of Bayreuth is founded in Jülichsberg in early March. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 250 sq km northward up the Wilhelmsbaum coast, 250 sq km around the south end of the island onto the Pacific coast, 50 sq km on the mainland eastward of Jülichsberg, 100 sq km southward onto the smaller island south of Katharinas-Hafen, and a final 100 sq km northward, past Jülichsberg, up the coast of mainland Borealia. In governmental news, Edmund von Jülich and Elisabeth von Habsburg-Wittelsbach continue to be married.
  • Ayutthaya: Our primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Spain and the Netherlands is used to make stronger and more effective ships, while our vast gunpowder supply benefits our weaponry. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up to date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is build in rural areas and trade routes are grown. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy.
    • Lanna: The population of Lanna continues to become happy with the vassalisation of their land. Lanna city begins having new market growth after trade with Bengal is opened through their border. Military presence in Lanna is still high and we continue to develop schools and markets to help the economy of the region thrive.
    • Ayutthayan Nicobar: Our navy continues to use the Nicobar as an outpost where they can be repaired and restocked. The Thai population of the Nicobar grow and the native Nicobar people continue to thrive on the island of Teressa and Bompoka where their culture is supported by us. More schools and facilities are built on Nicobar to help support our population of the islands.
    • Aceh: While protestors continue to be a problem for the vassalisation of the region, we make sure that all Thai in the region are not disturbed and we set up many military posts. We spend a large sum of money making sure the region doesn't become out of control and that the Ayutthayan government can maintain its ruling position over their lands. A naval base is made where our ships can dock and repair. Larger cities of the region continue to attract more Thai people from Ayutthaya. Large amounts of traders are attracted to the region for Saltpetre exports, where they are exchanged for local herbs and spices.

1613

The Võ lords appear in the Hue are of Viet Nam, pledging allegiance to the Emperor. The Khmer become hostile toward Viet Nam, and the attacking Ho lords.

  • Damascan Sultanate:  Sulimen IV rules as Sultan, now aging at 39. His uncle, Sulimen III now aging at 70, continues ruling over in Kurdistan. Sulimen IV promotes migration to Damascus as it now numbers 419,000. Damascus has grown huge now, and continues to as it is now the largest city in the Damascan Sultanate. The military is expanded. Antioch's population grows to 276,000. Sulimen IV requests a wife to rule his nation with him. The people continue to rally toward Islam. In Kurdistan, the Turks begin to slow their chaotic behavior with the arquebus equipped Janissaries entering the newly conquered territory. We begin vassalizing the Karamanian Sultanate (Turn Five of Six). As an Arab nation now begins to enter the land with good Turk relation the people seem to be happier. Sulimen III starts implementing more of the Qu'ran into the law in Kurdistan, people begin taking a liking to it. Spices and salt are sent to the Malaccan Sultanate. We continue modernizing and upgrading our guns. We receive more ships (snaphaunces) from Malacca in return for glass and textiles. We begin developing and advancing our weaponry, the old lever lock guns are being replaced slowly with Arquebuses. We begin building ships in the Red and Mediterranean Sea. The total census of the Damascan Sultanate has risen to 25.7 million. A port is still given haven to any travels and any merchants the Romanians may have. The navy is upgraded, and we begin building our ships to be more like the old Dutch model given to us by the Malaccan Sultanate. Karaman and Damascus begin to become friends again, as the governments see their wrongdoings, all Turks are promised haven in Damascan lands once again and won't be moved to foreign nations. Karaman, being the most Arab, therefore becomes closer to Damascus, and Diyabakir begins to take shine to the sultanate. Ankara remains strongly independent, as having the largest Turkic population, and will not be as easily swayed. The Sultan dies. UIN council meets in Baghdad, to vote for a new leader. 
    • Azerbaijan (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): The northern land is given to the Tartary, due to their good relations and acceptance and tolerance of Islam. Military expands. The region continues merging into the Damascan Sultanate. Azerbaijan continues to merge into the Damascan Sultanate, particularly the Kurdistan regent.
    • Palestine (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): A census is taken to find the population of Jerusalem alone. Jerusalem holds a total of 292,000. And slowly falls with the fighting between the Jews, Muslims and Christians. The people feel safe, yet also principled with the forces now in the city. As the city has fully been repaired, the military is expanded training Muslim militias. Sultan Sulimen IV, leader of the Damascan Sultanate, announces that Jerusalem will continue to be a unified city for all religions, and all are welcome to use the city for religious purposes.
    • Yimennendahla: Trade becomes large throughout the state. A census is taken totaling: 40,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Aleppraqht: Trade is swimming through the streets as the largest city in the land gain. Trade increased with Yemen and trade now extravagantly reaching Africa. Census is taken totaling: 55,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Jivadier: Trade is largely based on Yemen, Mansuriyya and Somalia/Eritrea. Census is taken totaling: 45,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Dhubab: The new port colony in Yemen bought from the Romanians remains to be a key focal point for the exit of the Philadelphi Canal. Economy and navy expand.
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the naus continue being used. Naval explorations directed to the west continue. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz expands north by 2500 sq km. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz. Meanwhile, pau-brasil (brazilwood) starts to be extracted in the colony. Meanwhile, the colony of São Sebastião expands 2500 sq km.
  • Mongol Khanate: The Mongols continue to expand their economy.
  • Westphalia: Two songs are finally selected to become the national anthem of Westphalia, and the song of the Westphalian Army. The national anthem is called 'Song for Westphalia'. The song of the Army is called 'Let the banners flutter'. Both are composed by Franz Herschel. He is given a monetary reward and recognition throughout Westphalia as one of the best Westphalian composers. Meanwhile, the Weniger Guild formed almost two centuries ago, begins to fall apart after going almost 70 years with restricted trade practices put on by Bavaria and Hamburg. The monopolistic guild soon breaks into two. One is called the WW Company, or Westphalia-Weniger Company. It is the direct successor to the Weniger Guild, and operated by the Weniger family. The other is called the German Trade League, and begins to branch out to all stretches of Germany, while the WW Company remains mainly in Westphalia.
  • Note: The following turn is contingent upon the algo as it stood at the time of this post. It may need updating at a later time. Livonia launches a defensive attack into lands illegally possessed by Prussia and her allies. This successful series of maneuvers ends up with Livonia in full control of its southern regions. In the meanwhile, the Pskovian attack on Narva is repelled by Count Maunas for the second time. Saare-Lääne and Kuramo contribute to our military successes and also are part of the promise of military service for freedom which Duke Jaagup promised. Our colony at Vòiti Vėz expands while it and the Leeward Islands colony fend off attacks from the invading colonies.
  • Ming China: Our ecoomy increases and so does our military power and size. We would like to start a coalition of surrounding countries so that larger countries, if they, too, invade we could protect ourselves and not all die one by one.
  • Pskov: Continues warring with Livonia, its armies advancing farther and farther into Livonian territory. After the succesful Second Siege of Narva and subsequent Battle of Dorpat, the Pskovian Armies divide in two, with one capturing the Finnish Gulf Coast, and another advancing to Weden. The City of Reval is sieged and surrenders to the Pskovian armies, now with extremely high morale and momentum after the recent string of victories. By October, the City of Wenden Lowers its flags and gives the Pskovian Prince the keys to the city. While once thought a coward after his retreat from the first Siege of Narva, Prince Stepan is now viewed as a good commander. The armies fortify Wenden and a small contingent of forces is set out to meet up with the Forces from Reval and Assault the Livonain Capital. By december, the Armies are at the Gates of Riga, and begin what will soon be known as the Winter Siege. Cannons begin to fire upon the walls. Meanwhile, In Pskov, the Agricultural revolution continues. Population begins to slopwly grow, as the economy continues in its golden age as wages rise and so does production. Rum, sugar, and other Antillian Spices. Potatoes become more and more popular, and somebody makes vodka out of it. Meanwhile, stuff, potatoes are produced more and more. Water wheels and Windmills beomce more of a common sight in Rural Pskov.
    • The Pskov Imperial Company defeats the entire Livonain colonial Administration this year, and begins governing the colonies as their own, appointing Leutenant-Namestniks on each island, and allowing Veches on larger islands. A few Livonain Ships come for relief are quickly sunk, and the PIC profits more and more this year. The African Division sends its first exploratory expedition to OTL Namibia. They return with little to report. Rum prodiuction is amped up, and a second Rum factory is set up in the Livonian colonies, using the Sugar and Spices from the lesser antillies. Meanwhile, the Recepie for Rum is improved by adding spices. More experimentation will follow.
    • According to the most recent version of the algo, your invading forces are in fact losing.
  • Roman Empire: Tragically, Theodore III dies this year, and on his deathbed feels like a failure. Despite this, he is loved by the vast majority of his subjects, and even the Borealian natives and the Serbs hold some fondness for him. His son Thomas takes the throne after a coronation involving the traditional Iron Crown, Bridle, and Lance, becoming Thomas II. Different from his father, Thomas II is much more concerned about the internal stability of the Empire and its territory, and as such is committed to resolving such issues. He orders an inspection of all military fortifications in Greece, Albania, Phoenicia, and Taurica to ensure that they are all properly garrisoned and fortified. He also expands the networks of forts in Anatolia, and increases the number of troops garrisoned in Anatolian territories. Continuing the policies of his father, Greeks are encouraged to move to Anatolia, and refounded settlements like Prussia, Illium and Ephesus begin to grow again as a result. Thomas II continues his father's policies of converting the Berbers in Cyrenaica to Christianity, offering those who do lower taxes and political incentives. Previous policies are kept with Turkic inhabitants of Roman territories, however, few Turks actually leave, amounting to maybe a few hundred every year. However, Thomas II discovers that his father was so focused on European interests that the Empire's colonies are largely defenseless, and makes efforts to change this. Fortifications are already present at Atlantis and Socotra, but other than that, the colonies are largely void of such defenses. Forts are, therefore, built in Roanoke, Powhatan, Delaware, and Yamasee, defending vital colonial cities like Reme, Avelinia, and Patropolis. Reme gets the most of the defenses, with twin forts guarding the sound, as well as small outposts outfitted with cannon on the outer banks. Reme is also equipped with a shipyard and armory to provide the troops stationed there with adequate weaponry and transport. At the colony of Antillia, fortified outposts are also constructed and equipped with cannon. The same happens in Malabar. To further expand the security of these colonies, relations with the Borealian natives are made a priority, and commitments with the Powhatan, Delaware, Taino, and Yamasee natives are extended. Roman officers train the natives in European tactics, and some educated natives are invited to take part in the government of the colonies. While this does help expand support amongst the natives, the ones in the interior are still hostile to Roman interests, and as such the Empire holds off. These improvements are largely possible thanks to an expansion of the Roman economy and the new quantity of trade goods available. Trade with Urdustan provides gems, opium, cannabis, and cotton to European markets, supplementing the rubber and pepper exported by Malabar. In the colonies, cash crops like rice, tobacco, hemp, indigo, and cotton are exported and make a sizable profit, while a few in Antillia begin experimenting with sugarcane. Socotra and Phoenicia provide dyes, and Phoenicia in particular provides high quality lumber such as cedar. Back in the mainland, Greece provides ample quantities of silver, marble, wine, raisins, saffron, fish, and olive oil. Constantinople, already the silk capital of Europe, expands its considerable trade influence and wealth. Whereas Theodore III sought to expand the Empire to its previous borders, Thomas II seems determined to make sure the gains of the last century are not lost. With the colonies largely placated at the moment and needing to consolidate, Thomas II turns his attentions to Anatolia. After gathering allies, Roman troops invade Cappadocia with popular support, as the region is full of Greeks. Siege weapons are brought along to deal with the occasional castle, yet few are present. The war goes on, with much success thanks to the loyalty of the native Greek population. By years end, the native Turk rulers and their forces have been largely annihilated and the region pacified, and the region is annexed into the Empire.
    • Serbia: The economy continues to prosper as the country grows back to its potential, and the export of goods continues to generate revenue. The new land from Croatia is incorporated, and most Serbs are content at this decision, as it unites all Serbs under one banner, save the ones in Montenegro. The military continues to train, and even as Roman officers train Serbian troops, they are regularly inspired by the valor of Serbian troops, and inform Thomas II that the Serbs would be a fine and feared addition to the Roman Army. As the cooperation of the Romans and Serbs increase, more and more nobles become Roman citizens, for multiple reasons. While this is not enough to change the state of the nation, it is promising. As a result of Bulgaria being annexed, the Serbs are a bit afraid, as they are unable to resist the Dacians on their own. As a result, the Serbs ask for annexation to the Empire, although a notable few resist. A small peasant uprising occurs as a result, and the nobles loyal to the Serbian and Roman Emperors set out to crush it. As small battles occur, the rebels are decively defeated, as most Serbs understand that Croatia and Dacia both are too strong and would prey on a weak Serbia. As such, the rebels are crushed and after some deals with the Prince of Montenegro, the Kingdom of Serbia is annexed into the Empire as an Archonate, the most powerful of its king.
    • Reme: Fortifications continue to be built, especially in cities like Reme, Avelinia and Patrapolis. Cash crops, like tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo, are continued to be planted in newly acquired area from expansion. Young men, about the number of 700, are given training to join the Roman navy and military back in Europe. The colony is re-inforced with about five ships, some of them galleons and frigates, and 1000 Roman soldiers. While the colony is split up by Hamburg's colony, a series of roads are constructed to help the colonists move around. A few small outposts are constructed throughout the colony to help prevent highwaymen from appearing. Native militias are further trained and equipped with Roman military ordnance. Faced with increased piracy in the area, the colonial authorities decide to act. Unable to target the pirates that take refuge inside New Pomerania, the colonial fleets decide it would be better to limit their ability to hide. Roman fleets travel around the region of the Seminole and destroy pirate bases where they are found. To further protect the gains from the previous year, a fortress is constructed in the OTL Tampa Bay area and more outposts are constructed along the keys. Existing outposts are further fortified as the Empire continues to expand there. While not intended to be a settler colony, some people begin to move in, seeking new land to farm cash crops on and to live. As existing settlements are consolidated, no further inland expansion occurs, as it is presently too dangerous to expand farther than the coastal forts or outposts.
  • Empire of Urdustan: Several Urdu merchants continue to sponsor gem mines in the Mogok area of Ava, due to the high concentration of gems such as rubies, sapphires, garnets and moonstones, and the first of many mines begin to return with more successes. Financial loans continue to be given to Bahmani and Jaunpur. Merchants also travel exclusively to Multan, Sind, Ladakh, and Kangra. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase in scholars and literacy in our nation. Construction of ships based upon Castilian designs, granted to us by them, continues, in order to further our efforts to explore and trade. New crops continue to enter into several plantations, opium and cannabis. With the increasing popularity of wood-block printing, works in Urdu/Hindi are created and stored in large amounts, in order to further cement the change in Urdustan. Efforts to better the military continue with a mandatory rearming of the noble levies, with the Emperor offering to pay half the costs per noble, and with any noble refusing to do so, being met with increasingly less beneficial trade interaction by other nobles and foreign merchants. The Islamitization of Urdustan continues from an increase in missionary activity. The first address the issue of the diminishing currency, the Urdustani Taka is implemented upon all the vassals, as it wasn't previously to facilitate better interior trade with vassals. To increase our coffers in the wake of this financial mess, the Urdustani Emperor implements a "Jewel Tax", in which gems, that come from abroad, or from Ava, are taxed when they are sold, or imported, or exported. To better specialize, and economize the Urdustani economy, we begin to sponsor specific locations for specific crops, such as rice and tobacco in the Bengal region, Indigo in the Gurjurat region, potatos in Vijaynagar, etc. The Emperor's two children continue their education by both native Indian teachers, and by European advisors. Translation of many works of art, poetry, or books, from native, cultural languages, begins to strengthen the Urdu and Hindi speakers in an effort to break some linguistic and cultural barriers. The first of the princes, Biga kamīnē, is declared the current Emperor, taking the name of Bhārata kā asalī rājakumāra. The second prince, passed over by the اردو کی زمین رائل گرین گارڈز, is given a position of high esteem, Urdū kī bhūmi kī ucca rājadūta. The اردو کی زمین رائل گرین گارڈز continue to monitor and council the young Emperor.
    • Rajya of Orissa (Uṛīsā kē rājya, اڑیسہ کی بادشاہی): Training of levies by Urdustani advisors continues, as well as cash crop cultivations.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa (Grēṭara asama kē rājya, گریٹر آسام کی بادشاہی): The Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. The land reclamation, having been going on for decades, is extremely successful in creating viable farmland for rice, grain and other staple crops, increasing Kamarupa's population and their yearly trade output. Training of levies by Urdustani advisors continues.
    • Rayja of Vijaynagara (وجینگر کی بادشاہی, Vijayanagara kē rājya): Nobles of Vijaynagara are now known as Urdustani Nobles, rather than simply Vijaynagara nobles. This enforces Urdustani rule over the nobility of Vijaynagara, but also allows them to fluidly move and act within all parts of Urdustan, rather than just Vijaynagara. Shipments of European weapons are diverted from Urdustani markets due to their increasingly commonness within Urdustani armies, so as to allow Vijaynagara to also have better access to advanced weapons.
  • Wu China: The Wu; Stating their Casus Belli something similar to"Attacking to enforce political hegemony", attacks the Ming, setting siege to many of their holdings simultaneously, hoping to cause confusion across the Ming government. We send alliance requests to the Chu and Yue to fight the other kingdoms. Failing at Chinese unification at first; the Wu hope to form a triumvirate with the Yue and Chu.
    • Yue shows itself to be resigned from Chinese politics, as previously, does not respond. As for you attacking Ming, that's not really possible: you don't border them.
  • Ming China: We surrender to Wu (This is Jjsoholt signing off because everyone always attacks me)
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo and Ulsan.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 3900 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand eastward by 700 sq km. The government decides to move on the Dutch reformists by allowing them to remain on the French territory, however, putting some taxes for allowing them free passage in French land. However, the French government makes clear that their beliefs are with Catholicism and that any attempt of violent expansion will be considered as an act of aggression and hence the Dutch-Wallon reformist may be persecuted. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans in the area of OTL Cundinamarca in the search of the Aureana - a city made of gold - in the vicinity of several lakes. Although not finding the city lots of gold gods are found and sent to France in order to boost the economy back on its feet. Mining begins in the Pirouien mountains and the region of Equatoriale Province for gold and silver though only a few are found. The colony of Nouvelle Orleans divides in five provinces New Orleans OTL northern Colombia and Antioquia Sableville in North Western Venezuela, Equatoriale in southwest Colombia and Aurienne in the central areas and Emeraldia in central eastern Colombia. After years of ignoring an important part of the treaty, France decides helping Austria to rebuild initiating in the area of Tyrol and Western Austria. Due to close proximity to French Rhineland gold begins entering the economy of the country from Colombian and Peruvian mines. A colony is established. Saint Louis d'Africa continues expanding by 500 sq km and 200 sq km in Kenya. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The peasant revolt is ignored for now, although it proves the king that he may need to enforce a new politic in the ruralmost areas of France.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Rhineland officially withdraws from the HRE after the council votes on 65 against 35 on withdrawing from the HRE, the council begins creating a constitution based on both German and French laws to establish within the area of the kingdom.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Freibourg and Valais are withdrawn from the HRE following the withdrawal of Rhineland.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • French Mali: Military and economy are built up.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
  • |onte: Continues to have a large surplus of grain and rice. Though adopting "western farming", the idea of "the tribe" is still very much so alive, as people always share the crops they have grown, or the animals they have hunted amongst the community. Due to the policy of planting tree groves, desert reclamation has started taking serious effect in some parts of |onte. This year has resulted in sixty elephants being killed. A new expansion of the elephant pen has begun. |onte's population rises to over 1,978,000. The city of Kunene, the city of marble, reaches almost 100,000 people. Mon VII takes on the expansion north 300 sq km (6 pixels) a year with the Eheresito hu Kunene. Mon V brings books from |onte to !Xoonte as a gift, and a few gifts of ivory hoping to improve relations with their King, and spread |on culture. Mon V begins teaching the King of Zimbabwe about the many wonders of literature and |on, along with giving him many gifts. So Kuneneli offers to sell the rest of his paintings to the British. It has become the fashion, in Kunene, for men to go without the traditional loincloth, and embrace masculinity. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX is intrigued by the concept of laws.
  • Suri Empire: Military and economy are built up.
  • Ayutthaya: Our primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Spain and the Netherlands is used to make stronger and more effective ships, while our vast gunpowder supply benefits our weaponry. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up to date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is build in rural areas and trade routes are grown. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy.
    • Lanna: The population of Lanna continues to become happy with the vassalisation of their land. Lanna city begins having new market growth after trade with Bengal is opened through their border. Military presence in Lanna is still high and we continue to develop schools and markets to help the economy of the region thrive.
    • Ayutthayan Nicobar: Our navy continues to use the Nicobar as an outpost where they can be repaired and restocked. The Thai population of the Nicobar grow and the native Nicobar people continue to thrive on the island of Teressa and Bompoka where their culture is supported by us. More schools and facilities are built on Nicobar to help support our population of the islands.
    • Aceh: While protestors continue to be a problem for the vassalisation of the region, we make sure that all Thai in the region are not disturbed and we set up many military posts. We spend a large sum of money making sure the region doesn't become out of control and that the Ayutthayan government can maintain its ruling position over their lands. A naval base is made where our ships can dock and repair. Larger cities of the region continue to attract more Thai people from Ayutthaya. Large amounts of traders are attracted to the region for Saltpetre exports, where they are exchanged for local herbs and spices.
  • Tibet: Buddhist temples are continuing to be built. Roads are continuing to be fixed so that travelers on the silk roads can easily get to our nation. Our own version of the arquebus gun is being made. Farming is our most important industry. We mine resources in our caves. We ask the people of our nation if they can help increase the population. The military is increasing due to new training that has been made. This new training is line infantry training with marching aspects. The military is become bigger due to new tech and more people joining. We start to vassal Si Chuan, Yun Nan, and Uighur.
    • Nepal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Chutiya: We build up our military and economy.
    • Shan States: We build up our military and economy.'
  • Vorlayacor: Northwest growth and Mapuche relocation continue. The population of the nation rises to over 1,000,000, and the economy grows accordingly as new citizens begin farming or producing goods.
  • Hispania: The Spanish populace hovers around 14.2 million and thanks in large part to the implementation of learned Incan farming methods, and the incorporation of some of the new American staple crops into Spanish diet. Population growth, however, is becoming increasingly stunted by many Spaniards - even some of noble birth - immigrating to the colonies and other territories overseas. The immigration of multiple high nobles confuses the parliament and King but allows this to continue seeing it as a way to organize troops and territories further under the Viceroy. The economy, thanks to the aggressive colonialism, continues to expand immensely and the Spanish economy becomes the most powerful in Europe passing the French economy by leaps and bounds with the massive influx of gold, silver and jewels contributing heavily regardless of many of these precious items being non-integrated into the economy and stored. The armed forces continue their push to remain the most modern and begins to build a host of new ships to replace older ones which are sold to its vassals, trade companies and other territories of the Empire. The Empire continues large scale investments into the colonies and overseas territories ensuring loyalty and considerably more profitable, With this and the 200 years of Spanish Colonial history, the Colonies get another wave of mass investment to fund their expansion. Hispanian troops along with Italian troops push heavily into livonia meeting little to no resistance and suffering very few casualties. This leads to nearly complete seizure of the remainder of unoccupied livonia with no problems as Spanish troops put down the livonian resistance ruthlessly.
    • Kingdom of Italy: Italy reaches its troop amount of 30,000 with it being armed and trained by Spanish troops in tactics. The Italian army is expanded moderately with some naval ships being purchased to replace losses. However, the Invulnerable Spanish army discourages any from speaking their mind and most deal with the relatively benevolent rule of the Spanish. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. The First Corps of Spanish and Italian speakers form in Italy with a force of nearly 5000 raised for this. This begins to show the compatibility of Italian and Spanish Culture as the merging of the cultures continues.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a trade fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships. 15,000 troops are sent with a decent amount being mercenaries.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The New King  (King of Spain) is installed on the throne of Lombardy as his military leadership will be needed in the kingdom and the crown is tied with the Spanish one just as the Italian crown is. With this, he begins a process toward rebuilding the economy and military of the kingdom. The military is a raised force of 25,000 with many of them being pro-Spanish Hispanicized Italians which have been rapidly spreading across Italy. The population of Lombardy is at an estimated 1.5 million and counting. The Nation's economy is now in a process of integration into the Hispanian economy.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella. Its military forces are expanded to about 5000.
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavy under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Vatican City is re-instated as the Pope requested a small enclave of the Papacy for himself. Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population is two million. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about 1.5 million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had.
    • Mapuche: The Mapuche people begin to see the first mixed children between Spanish and Mapuche people. The Spanish institute the Ecomienda system. However, the Spanish governor, in order to keep control of the people, orders the Spanish heads of the system to treat the natives fairly in order to prevent mass deaths from overworking and resentment. Spanish farming techniques have definitely prevented starvation as the Mapuche continue to expand toward the coast building a road to connect it all. The Spanish governor, also using the local Mapuche as scouts, is able to expand much more than the Buenos Aires colony and uses this to his advantage to secure more land to be able to turn over to Spanish settlers. The royal governor ramps up expansion for some of the new plantation owners setting up expanding the the territory by 5000 sq km. The population of the Mapuche people is lowly put at about 15,000 with about 40,000 Spanish settlers living within the borders. The sharp increase in Mapuche is purely built out of many Mapuche starting to come back in order to live in peace under the Hesperian league's mandates.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Spanish begin to sponsor settlers in Morelia to begin expanding on the continent down the coast. (5000 sq km). The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.2 million with many living within the Cuba island territory.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand, the mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The Military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha is counted at nearly nine million with the inclusion of large native cities, expansion of the borders farther north, and the immigration of Spaniards. With this, however, a few prominent priests in Hispania have made it quite obvious that the Integrated native cities should be left alone outside of tribute collection and troop levies in order to preserve the working potential of theit population and prevent disease from totally wiping them out. Many, however, have begun to see a large rise in immunity to diseases such as smallpox. The Tenocha expand by 8000 sq km.
    • Mission of Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the disorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the disorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the Church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezians, unable to select a king from their remaining nobles, delegate to the Queen of Spain (Castile and Aragon) who chooses a man named Antonio Lo Grato to rule as Prince of Venice in place of the Queen of Spain. A well acclaimed and respected man, he immediately enacts reforms. The Venezian economy with access to the Spanish economy begins to recover and for the first time in years due to this. The Venezians begins its long road to naval recovery and begins to use its vast knowledge to begin building ships not only for itself but acquires the blueprints to improve on Spanish ships to allow for sale back to the king. The Venezian military is also raised to a token force of about 10,000 due to its location but remains lightly armed and unable to project power or fight any unsupported offensives.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 45,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the country side and establishing new towns and cities. The colony proper reaches nearly 1,000,000 in population seeing large amounts of Colonial immigration now from both Spain and Hispanicized Italians. This unprecedented size in population  The viceroy in order to expand the food supply of the large colony expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas.. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. The Colony specifically expands 75 px. This expansion, however, is stunted by a massive rainforest which after years of trying to penetrate has become more costly than not diverting further exploration attempts toward the Inca territories to the west. New Spain begins an immense project to attact settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. Of many cities developing some begin to gain large populations as well with multiple cities farther north and south develop heavily. Buenos Aires and San Sorento are the two largest cities in the colony with Buenos Aires maintaining 50,000 people and San Sorento maintaining about 30,000 people. Both cities are large coastal port cities. The unexpected guarantee of right as Spanish citizens leaves many people elated as being treated equally as the people who live in Spain. With this, the Viceroy unable to hold a higher position than royalty stands by as sub-viceroy to Cristo Di Habsburg. The tradition of many people of the royal family taking up residency in the colonies is well received as one of Cristos aging uncles visits him and lives with him as the Bishop of Buenos Aires.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand lowers to 45,000 colonists as many die to disease. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 50 px.
    • New Granada: The colony of New Granada - formerly San Francisco - sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 55 px. The colony's population expands to around 50,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the colony of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. Another port settlement is established in the lucrative Bay of Juarez with the settlement of Arica established at the mouth of the river and the city heading north with port facilities being established.
    • Philippines: Spanish continue to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. The Spanish then begin to send in a royal governor who makes plans to expand the island nation, and begins work on its economy and military to do so. Gold and silver from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Colony itself. The Philippines expand (now 50 px) per Spanish order as the potential for hostile natives and other threats in the area has led to a switch in policy as well as the movement of nearly 2000 Spaniards and a fleet of nearly 20 warships to the area preventing any force from attacking to continue expansion. With the close of the revolt, the Chinese people within the borders are expelled by any means necessary.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals, and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy
    • Chile: The few hundred Spanish settlers who established some terraced farms and a small town expand settlements in the mountains to avoid earthquakes and other acts of God. The area is militarily supported by the CMA located in the Inca and a force of about 2000 is used to maintain order in the area. The Chilean royal governor along with the Colonial Authority begins to increase the economy of the area and is planning on a period of expansion coming up in the next few years. Chile continues to expand increasing to nearly 5000 sq km of Aymara territory and the discovery of massive silver deposits in which a native city now taken by Spaniards already stands, the population of Chile explodes with many gold and silver seekers moving to the area with the Spanish populace of Chile increasing from a mere 2000 to nearly 10,000 in a year and the natives further being integrated, especially the Aymara people. The population of the controlled territory is an estimated 250,000 and more being integrated and authority of the crown being imposed upon by the day
    • East African Protectorates: This military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The collective population of the protectorates is estimated at about five million between all three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port and the company buys nearly 15 top-of-the line ships from Spain to maintain her interests in the area. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. Spain properly also sells about 25 top-of-the-line war galleons and frigates to the company here. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 100,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Cochin: The troops following the seizure are scaled down to 1000 troops led and trained by Spanish officers. The economic output of the area is considerably large for a new acquisition with the agriculture expanded to be able to supply most of Hispania's territories in the region. This output is expanded to to include whatever metals are included and is to be included in the Spanish global trading network. The Royal governor of Cochin is established in the city of Bago, the areas gretest port city and impressed with it the Hispanian governor makes it the capital of the Spanish territory of Cochin. As a militaristic governor he immediately begins plans to keep the region secure and prevent further uprising, as well as make the territory profitable for him, and keep the Spanish East India Company out of the area. Cochin maintains an estimated population of about 450,000 and growing thanks to the economic opportunity of working and providing trade good for Spain.
    • Dawei: Dawei is continually rebuilt from the initial revolts and the city begins to experience an increase in trade and Spanish investment. The military of the area is increased to about 500 Sepoy troops with a support of about three Spanish war galleons to keep the peace. The city itself expands to start becoming a much more metropolitan city attracting many traders from across the area that cannot set up shop in the Spanish territory of Cochin. The city following its massive destruction in the revolt has a mere 30,000 people living within its boundaries but it is steadily increasing.
  • Iroquois: Due to recent trade opening up with Hispania and Britannic protection over the Iroquois, the confederation can finally be confident in its own long-term future. With that in mind, construction of defenses is slowed down, while military begins to build up. The chief begs all nations of the confederacy to send their troops to the central authority to produce a national army trained with Hispanic arms. Ties are strengthened with our vassals, and permanent settlements in the European style begin to spring up, and the forward-thinking chief turns one on the banks of Lake Onondaga into the capital by the name of Haudenosaunee (the native name for the Iroquois). Each tribe in the confederacy creates a regional capital named after their tribe. Furs begin to be traded with the Britannians and Hispanians for weapons, alcohol, horses, and other trade goods. Many conversions to Western Catholicism occur along the border with the Scandinavian colonies in Mohawk territory. Despite this, the majority of Mohawks are still shamanist. A trade jargon of Britannian, Scandinavian, and Iroquoian is spoken in border settlements. (Mil-Turn)
    • ​Erie: We build up military, especially on our eastern border and build closer relations with the Iroquois. (Mil-Turn)
    • Susquehanna: We build up military, especially on our western border and build closer relations with the Iroquois. (Mil-Turn)
  • ​Raigama: Military, economy, navy, and infrastructure are improved. As the black market booms, Samir II lowers tariffs and taxes on traded goods to encourage growth on the legal market. Traders begin to come back to Raigama. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Raigama. Taking a different approach from his father, and trying to avoid another recession, Samir II begins to invest in a very small navy of larger ships. The new king also orders that all official affairs to be handled in the more reliable Dutch Guilder. The king also orders Rajakaas to be officially decommissioned and removed (melted). The Raigama army increases, more of the army is given Dutch military training, and old Dutch weapons. Population increases. The navy is ordered to explore more around India. King Samir II continues to allow the building of naval bases and trade posts in Raigama. Samir II also supports the Dutch military operations in Kotte.
    • Kotte: Kotte mainly increases its economy and infrastructure. The Kotte Army increases, and are given training and weapons like the Raigaman army. King Samir also orders Kotte currency to be decommissioned. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Kotte. The number of rebellious citizens in Kotte continues to lower due to the Dutch military operations.
    • Nava Kotte: Due to mostly Dutch funding of the colony, Nava Kotte now covers the whole island. Nava Kotte becomes a good trade post, used in trading with Ayutthaya and Dutch colonies in Indonesia.
  • Tsardom of Croatia: Croatia focuses primarily on its military. Trade routes are strengthened after and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the King and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HKRM (Hrvatska Kraljevska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the Tsar. The Tsar issues an organizational reform, hoping to effectively improve the administrative divisions and making sure that the power of the nobility is finally obliterated 
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: Several Sachems, especially the new and more radical ones from the South, feel that the nation has stagnated in its efforts to unite all Crees, and that more could be done in this direction. With a majority in the Council of Sachems, they pull the nation in a more radical direction and declare war on the Eastern Cree. 5000 troops are deployed against the disorganized tribal forces of that nation, the vast majority of whom are hunters or farmers and have no loyalty to the chiefs’ ideas of sub-ethnic groups within the Cree. Accordingly, the Eastern Cree people are treated gently, supplies are properly paid for, and plundering and rapine is punished. Several cannons are also deployed, terrifying the Eastern Cree troops, and the fast-moving cavalry enable the Nehilaw troops to outmaneuver opposing forces with ease. Back in the Sachemate, conversion to Christianity following the arrival of missionaries of the order of Saint Theobald continues. The Moose Cree also continue to be vassalized (Turn 12 of 20), while Winipakw expands 500 km.
  • County of Oldenburg: The Rumpelstiltskin explorers arrive in Oldenburg and are knighted by the Prince-Bishop-Regent for their great exploration work. In Neu Norderney, the Lord offers the Nehilaw weapons and training.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck:The economy improves.
    • The Nehilaw accept with gratitude.
  • Netherlands: This turn is officially dedicated to military. In the European continent the Netherlands continues to grow culturally, economically, and scientifically, as promoted by the government. The cities of Amsterdam and Brussels remain the largest cities of the lowlands and their influence over the rest of the lowlands is starting to be seen. Lowland French continues to develop along separate lines then southern French, and the language continues to be important as both French and Dutch are spoken in the upper class and French is used for diplomatic ventures. The University of Brussels continues to flourish and the city itself is recognized as the most beautiful city in the Kingdom with only The Hague, Amsterdam and Namur rivaling it. The Palace of the Orient continues to be an important cultural centre in the city and the Mirza wing is built for the Mirza family to live in should they choose to. The Dutch navy is nearly completely remodeled now with modern ships replacing older models, which are scuttled or sold to privateers and merchants. We are glad Dai Viet has entered a military alliance with us, and we allow all protectorates to begin trading with them. We begin sending missionaries into Westphalia, in an effort to spread our faith. The Netherlands and Luxembourg declare war on Scandinavia, fully mobilizing and supplying siege weapons.
    • Guiana: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Settlements along the coast of Hesperia continue to grow and expand as settlers establish homes in the region. Merchants hoping to establish trade lines with the area expand the territory, establishing fortifications and private trade houses. Realizing how important trade is to the region, the Netherlands issues a decree that all major settlements must be equipped with a fort capable of hindering attack by sea. Towns are also required to have a trained militia to man fortifications. It is hoped that this new initiative will cut back on piracy and raiding in the region, and ensure colonies in the New World are adequately defendable in case of war. Dutch explorers continue to explore the New Rhine and Amazon Rivers charting the lands and waters of the interior. The settlements continue to grow and prosper as more land is set aside for farming and plantations and the cities along the coastline grow as trade grows in the region. Fighting against the natives in the interior intensifies as Dutch-Wallon colonists and explorers push the frontier and establish forts along them. More slaves are sold in the New World and to the Indian states particularly to Urdistan as demand increases.
    • Benin: This turn is officially dedicated to military. As an autonomous part of the Dutch African Empire, Benin continues to develop. The first generation of European educated leaders arises, expanding infrastructure and schooling to educate the population.
    • Sunda: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Fortifications are built along major settlements to protect the region in case of attack. The city of Batavia especially is fortified with a garrison posted. The city also begins constructing docks to better facilitate trade and to house and repair a moderately sized fleet. The region becomes home to a small regional fleet to respond to crises in the region swiftly.
    • Malacca: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Having been newly established as a protectorate of the Dutch Empire, military forces from the Lowlands are moved into the region and garrisoned in major cities and forts to secure the territory and crush any rebellion. The city of Singapore is established as the regional capital of our administration in Malacca. A fort begins construction in the city to protect our administration, and to protect the straits from attack. A port also begins construction in the city to facilitate a large naval garrison.
    • Brunei: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Having been newly established as a protectorate of the Dutch Empire, military forces from the Lowlands are moved into the region and garrisoned in major cities and forts to secure the territory and crush any rebellion.
    • Borneo: This turn is officially dedicated to military. We begin establishing trade routes and posts in the new territory, to trade with locals on the island.
    • Dutch India: This turn is officially dedicated to military. We begin constructing a series of trade posts on the island of Ceylon, as well as naval bases to station a small navy. Military operations in Kotte are continued, with many rebellious citizens being arrested.
    • Minahasa: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Minahasa is created out of a series of eastern settlements in the East Indies. We begin converting and assimilating the natives. The largest settlement, known as Manado, is designated as the region capital. The settlement’s fortifications are expanded, and a military garrison is stationed in the city to protect settlers from native attacks. A dock is also constructed and expanded to facilitate trade ships.
  • Prussia: This turn is dedicated to military. Naval shipyards are expanded and we begin producing warships and transports. Trade continues with our neighbors and allies. Our colonies of Neu Franken and the Zollern Insels in Borealia continue to expand. The population continues to grow from the introduction of new Borealian crops into Prussia and the frequent trade our trade posts in the New World have opened up. New warships are built regularly, and several new drydocks and shipyards are created or expanded to facilitate the production or repair of large ships. We begin influencing Osel-Wiek and Courland.
    • Estland: This turn is dedicated to military. We begin training a small force to protect the duchy, supplemented by a Prussian garrison in the region. The capital is established at Jelgava and Frederick William, son of Charles von Habsburg and King George I’s sister Elizabeth, is appointed Duke of Estland. The region also begins rebuilding, repairing infrastructure and farmland destroyed or damage in recent wars.
    • Riga: This turn is dedicated to military. The Archbishopic of Riga begins improving the fortifications and defensive structures of the city. Riga Castle is repaired and expanded, with a large military garrison stationed to protect the city from attack or raids. A large dock is also built and expanded to facilitate larger quantities of trade ships. Trade into the city continues to flourish, becoming one of the most important trade cities in the Baltic Sea region.
    • Livonia: This turn is dedicated to military. King George I is officially crowned as Duke of Livonia, placing the nation in personal union. Military forces are moved into the region to keep the peace, and major forts and castles are garrisoned and repaired. A crackdown against Livonian resistance begins, and the spread of German culture is reinstituted.
    • Zollern Insels: This turn is dedicated to military. We begin repairing from the war with Livonia, and all territories seized from Livonia are relinquished to the Republic of Pskov. A number of settlements continue to grow and expand, and new docks, fortifications, and other structures continue to be expanded. With experience from the war, a proper military begins training, albeit small and for defensive purposes. Trade ships continue to reach the many ports of the Zollern Insels, and military ships are garrisoned in the area to cut back on piracy and protect trade.
    • Neu Franken: This turn is dedicated to military. We continue to expand into mainland Florida, and begin training forces to combat hostile natives.
  • The Consulate of Dacia: Dan, now a man of 44, resumes growing the economy and making the military stronger. The economy continues its inexorable upward trend, as greater colonial expansion leads to greater profits. The expansion and growth is product of years of peace within Romania, as well as the trade from Somalia. The average wealth of individuals continues to grow at a fairly steady rate. This causes a huge boom in land cultivation as the newfound wealth allows more land to be worked. Also, terraced farming, imported from Spain has allowed much once un-arable land to be used for farming. Terraced farms can be seen dotting the landscape. Dan takes notice of the new practice of terrace farming. He quickly implements a series of reforms to build many hundreds of these farms all along the Carpathians and in Bulgaria. Within Moldova a large number of cattle ranches begin to appear. The increase in beef production causes an increase in protein intake of the people. As the amount of protein in the average diet increases so does the height and strength of the populace. The life expectancy begin to rise with better sanitation spreading across all of Romania. Food surpluses drive down prices. The population begins to grow at an extremely rapid pace (2% growth rate) due to the sudden depression in food prices. Due to the better ranching leather prices drop quickly, allowing the military to begin re-equipping with buff coats. The coats are supplemented with chest plates as muskets begin to become more dangerous. A new batch of modern frigates is designed to replace the aging caravels and carracks of the Dacian fleet. The frigates are armed with 48 long Culverini, and are smaller than most of their counterparts. They also possess the ability to be Square or Lanteen rigged, sometimes employing a combination of both. This allows the new frigates to operate with significant advantages in the Red and Mediterranean seas, without compromising their ocean-going capabilities. Production of 60 begins in 1612 and will finish in 1615. Constanta Fabrică de Tun, continues developing its cannons. The cannons produced and developed at the factory begin to make the company quite rich and powerful. More work must be done to refine the cannons, but they are developing well. The army continues drilling with rotating ranks and pikes begin to be phased out by Flintlocks. More disputes occur in the senate. Constantius now a young man of 22, assists his father. The Eastern Trade Co. continues to grow.
    • Kiev: The military becomes more professional, and officers arrive from Dacia to train the soldiers. The economy grows more this year as much farmland becomes cultivated after years of disuse. The rapid population growth in Dacia causes an Immigration rush, as Romanians looking for cheap land swarm the southern half of Kiev.
    • Halych: Prince Yarlslav II continues growing the economy and infrastructure.
    • Dacian Somalia: Trade with India continues, and the cities of Bosaso and Qandala grow slowly. The economy of Mogadishu continues to grow, production of raw materials continues. Meanwhile, the majority of European traders who make stops in Somalia prefer to land at Dacian Ports, as they enjoy the more familiar amenities afforded by the Dacian presence.
  • Austria: This turn in both our nation and the nations of Bohemia, Luxembourg, Austrian Switzerland, Lusatia, and our colonial territories and possessions is dedicated to economy. We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port, to respond to dangers in the area and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren. With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Several ships begin construction in Trieste, Melilla, Venice, and other ports, to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and other trade partners, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. Expeditions to the New World continue to increase trade with our possessions, establishing a trade route between Westenland, Reichland, and the West Indies. Trade posts in the Caribbean are expanded and grow as they become more frequently visited. Neu Bruchhausen and Dominisburg continues to expand. We ask to buy back the territory of Kluftland from Hispania, and also offer a potential military alliance to ensure the safe transfer of the territory and to ensure our mutual defense in the future. Military from the time of our union with Spain continues to be reformed and upgraded, forming the tercio, an infantry formation made up of pikemen, swordsmen and arquebusiers in a mutually supportive formation. Each tercio is standardized at 3000 soldiers, and drilled to be proficient in combat. We ask to purchase Westenland back from France, and also offer an alliance in Africa, promising to aid them in their colonial endeavours.
  • Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: This turn is dedicated to economic development. We begin rebuilding our nation’s manpower and military capabilities after the series of recent wars. Trade continues between neighboring nations and allies, as well as to our colonies in the Imperial Sea. Ship production is increased in our ports, with new shipyards and docks being constructed to facilitate larger garrisons of trade ships and military vessels. A small castle begins construction in Gdansk to protect the city and harbor.
    • Polish Imperial Isles: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. Steady streams of colonists reach the island of St Stanislaus, where they will soon be sent onto the islands of St Otto and Nowy Krakow to settle.
  • Mansuryian Sultanate: The Ten Year Plan of military build up and construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad is finally complete, and thus Sultan Amir's dream has come true. With this dream finally realized, he dies, and thus his 18 year old son takes over, Sultan Abdul-Muhaimin Ibn Nuquad and thus there is a Coronation held for the new Sultan. As a result of the Ten Year Military Build Up, Construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad, and Coronation of Sultan Abuil-Muhalmin Ibn Nuquad, there is a massive parade in the centre of Baghdad. As a result of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad being complete, there is a massive revival of Sunni Islam, which is called The Great Revival. As such, we now believe we must spread Islam and the Mosque Model everywhere, thus fueling our imperalism. While constructing mosques on the border of Mansurryia and OTL Saudi Arabia, we saw their horrid conditions and thus we seek to bring civilization and unity under Islam and the Mosque Model by expanding 25 px into their territory. (I found out that this was implausible, as it is uninhabitable for now) We also seek to colonize Eastern Africa in order to bring Islam and the Mosque Model there. Infra turn. With our nation being re-established 80 years ago, there is a grand parade held in the center of Baghdad, celebrating 70 years of Manusurryian History, and many reflect on what has happened. (Purges, The Mosque Model, The Great Safavid Union and War, The UIN, the Interim Government, Sultan Amir's reign of peace, and the current reign under Sultan Abul)With this being the case, we elect Sultan Abul-Muhailim as the new leading Sultan of the UIN).
  • Mansurryian General Dip: We consider the Ankaran proposal. We humbly and graciously thank the Empire of Urdustan for allowing us to be the only selected special trading partner in the UIN in the Declaration of 1593. Now that the year is 1600, we open up Milh, the Alexandrian Omanese trade enclave near OTL Adu Dubai, which sells many domestic goods and goods from the Urdustani Empire. In order to use the the Port of Milh, there will have to be negotations in order to use the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) since we have complete control over the Gulf.
  • Mansurryian-Yemeni Dip: We request that in return for Masirah Island complete access to the Manssuryian Gulf and the Port of Milh, we get  OTL Djibuti and the very tip of the Horn of Somalia, as well as access to ports and trading rights. We thank Yemen for granting us land in the Horn of Africa and Eritrea and we are currently integrating the enclaves into under our jurisdiction, which should be completed next year. We also would like to further negotiate port access.
  • Mansurryian-Romanian Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Romanian Somalia in return for Romanian goods.
    • Romanian Diplomacy: We accept the trade proposal.
  • Mansurryian-Roman Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Roman Eastern Africa in return for Roman goods.
    • Southern Persia: Military build up is complete. We now go back to building up infrastructure.
    • Oman: Infra build up under the Mosque Model continues. Mosques are particularly constructed on the border of the Oman and OTL Saudi Arabia. Infra turn with the Mosque Model complete in Oman, infrastructure and economy booms. We use this new found money to further develop the economy. There is also a huge Sunni Islamic revival, which fuels imperialism.Eco turn.
    • Queshm Island: Infra build up and port construction under the Mosque Model continues. Infra turn.
    • Milh: The Governor was installed one year ago during the transnational period between independence and complete vassalization, and now we are officially under the control of the Mansurryian Sultanate. We are now greeted with the traditional vassalage welcome of the Sultanate-Implementation of the Mosque Model. Infra turn. With our unique blend of Omanese and Alexandrian culture, we are known as a safe haven for Christians in the Sultanate. We are also known hustling and bustling trading port in the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) and we start to receive Urdustani goods from the exclusive trade offer established between Mansurryia (as well as the Indian League, Hispania, and Rome) during the Declaration of 1593.Now that it is the year 1600, we open up our port, Milh, access will be proposed, negotiated, accepted, or declined under Mansurryian diplomacy.
    • New Baghdad: As a result of the land exchange for Masirah and trading rights, Yemen cedes part of Yemeni Eritrea to us, consisting of OTL Djibouti, and we found the port city of New Baghdad (OTL Djibouti City) as the colony's capital. The colony of New Baghdad also includes Ali Sabielh, as a sort of inland capital to adminster New Baghdad's interior, as well as a jump start point for expansion. The Colonial Governor is in charge of New Baghdad, and is met with the traditional Mansurryian welcome of the Mosque Model. (This is especially symbolic since the Mosque Model was introduced to Old Baghdad (Manssuryian Sultanate) 70 years ago. The Mosque Model works like this: Mosques are the centre of the town, and as the centre of each markets and homes are built around the mosques, thus creating towns. As new towns are created roads are created between them, thus fueling the economy. The money used from the economy boom is used to make new mosques, which makes the cycle go all over again. Other results include rise in Sunni Islam and support for the governor. A plan for a road between New Baghdad and Ali Sabieh is being worked out, as well as a plan to connect Addis Ababa, Ali Sabieh and New Baghdad. Wells, along with mosques, are constructed. We expand 50 px inland. We start trading with Romanian Somalia.
    • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1613, Bavaria expands its economy. The population continues to rise. King Franz-Albert II, aged 48, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. The Curia Bavaria order the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction in Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with  Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, and Scandinavia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice, and a future union with Hesse and currently a dynastic union with the Palatinate. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. In domestic news, King Franz-Albert II continues to attempt the propagation of the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 20% of Bavaro-Germany secondary speakers in Saxony and Wurzburg, as well as a slew of minority speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 10,000 remaining in Saxony, and 15,000 in Thuringia. Starting in 1595, several high Saxon nobles are displaced, mostly by having their titles and lands revoked, and given out to Bavarian nobility. In 1607, the question of Franz-Albert's marriage is no longer an issue, as it becomes apparent that he will not marry. Furthermore, rumors of the King being gay are an open secret. That in itself is not an issue to most courtiers or councillors. However, many detractors, many in Greater Saxony, continue to criticize the King and use the rumor to their full advantages. In September, Franz-Albert II makes the decision to recognize his younger brother Johann, born 1576, as his heir. Johann already has six children, in order of age, Maria-Sofia, Isabella, Leopold, Karl, and Catherine.
      • Grand Duchy of Landshut: Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. The Curia Bavaria continue to operate. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
      • Grand Duchy of Munchen: By 1613, Queen Isabell University continues to grow. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Collegiate Writs begin to draw more men to college.
      • Duchy of Straubing: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
      • Duchy of Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
      • County Burgau: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
      • County of Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Nurnburg Incident continues to remain in memory, having put the country into a startled stupor for the majority of 1561.
      • County of Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
      • County of Bamberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
      • County of Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
      • Grand Duchy of Greater Saxony: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Adalbert II normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion. Adalbert II dies in 1599, and the Saxon throne passes to Franz-Albert II.
      • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
      • Duchy of Swabia-Württemberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Franz-Albert is proclaimed as Duke of Swabia-Württemberg.
      • Nei Baiern: The colony of Nei Baiern, reaching a population of 2100, expands this year. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, and Bayreuth all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. In 1595, the settlement of Bayreuth is founded in Jülichsberg in early March. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 250 sq km northward up the Wilhelmsbaum coast, 250 sq km around the south end of the island onto the Pacific coast, 50 sq km on the mainland eastward of Jülichsberg, 100 sq km southward onto the smaller island south of Katharinas-Hafen, and a final 100 sq km northward, past Jülichsberg, up the coast of mainland Borealia. In governmental news, Edmund von Jülich and Elisabeth von Habsburg-Wittelsbach continue to be married.
  • Tawatinsuyu: Military, navy and economy improve. The Inca government begins to quash the National's attacks against the Empire. Roughly 5% of the Inca population supports the nationals, with another 60% supporting the government. The remaining 30% are neutral. Population across the empire hits 1,800,000. Qusqo is currently the largest city, (160,000), followed by Peru (69,000), Machu Picchu (52,000), Chimu (27,000) and Sican (23,000). The Inca begin to push east as well. The areas taken in the push east are organized into the Willkapampa Wamani. The areas between the Wanka Wamani and Chimorsuyu are also incorporated into the empire. The total size of the army hits 29,000. Apeac I gives birth to his third child child, a daughter, who dies shortly after birth along with the child's mother. Cava hits the age of 13 while Apeac II hits age 8. The number of districts, or Wamani, in the empire is ten. They are, in decreasing order of population: Hanan Qosqo (410,000), Hurin Qosquo (266,000), Hurin Nazca (110,000), Wanka (109,000), Hanan Nazca (102,000), Hurin Chimor (98,000), Anti Chimo, (90,000), Aymara (66,000), Willkapampa (45,000), and La Paz (28,000). The four quarters, or Suyu of the empire, in decreasing order of population, are: Cuzco Suyu  (755,000),  Chimor Suyu (168,000), Nazca Suyu (282,000), and Aymara Suyu (67,000). Not every district falls under one of the Suyu. Following an attack on the La Paz settlement, it comes under direct control of the Inca government. The southern border expands to absorb it, making it into the La Paz district. The capital is founded as New Burgundy, to represent a large French minority in the empire, in OTL La Paz. Representing the large German minority, city with the creation of the Hesperian League, the Inca economy begins to expand and ties with Vorlyclayr and the Zapotec begin to deepen. Following the deepening ties with Spain, the Nationalist movement re-emerges, mostly in the eastern frontier. Having received ships from Spain, the Inca Navy is formed and the First Fleet of the Inca is christened. We thank Spain for the loan and we begin to reconstruct Hurin Nazca. "The Great Plague" makes a re-emergence in the Eastern and Western most districts, stunning growth outside of Cuzco Suyu.
    • Chiribaya Wamani: The Inca occupation of Chiribaya ends as a new capital is formed. The Capital is named Chirbaya Qosqo, (Chiribaya Central) and is located in OTL Tacna. Population of the nation hits 300,000. The Army of Chiribaya Wamani is formed, replacing the old Chiribaya War Band. Military, navy and economy improve. Chiribaya Qosqo is developed and the city of New Gibraltar is founded in OTL Monquegua. Population of Chiribaya Qosqo hits 50,000, while the population of New Gibraltar hits 35,000

1614

Fire on the Snow, by Kristjan Pāavö

Fire on the Snow, by Kristjan Pāavö

Following the defeat of the Duchy of Livonia, the region is placed under Prussian control. Although ravaged by war and unable to launch rebellion, the region begins a silent protest through the arts, with artists such as Šimoneit, Pāavö, and other artists in Riga creating a number of famous Questionist pieces revolving around Prussian rule and the destruction of war. Unlike many pieces commissioned or supported by the church, these new pieces tend to feature unexaggerated and less grant, causing a falling out between Vīsvaldis Šimoneit and Archbishop Kaspars I of Riga.

Approximately fifty peasants are killed during protests against the enclosure of common land in Newton, Northamptonshire, England.

The check, a document that orders a bank to pay money from an account, becomes popular in the Netherlands as a tool for trade and purchases. Other important banks across Europe in frequent trade with the Netherlands begin considering accepting similar documents. Also in the Netherlands the thermostat is invented to regulate the temperature of a chicken incubator.

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the naus continue being used. Naval explorations directed to the west continue. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz expands north by 2500 sq km. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz. Meanwhile, pau-brasil (brazilwood) starts to be extracted in the colony. Meanwhile, the colony of São Sebastião expands 2500 sq km.
  • Wu China: Being fully mobilized and dozens of wall projects being completed, The Wu invade Min; Reserve soldiers in our capital manage to build around 100 buildings, the buildings being temples, government buildings, and more of the sort. Our infrastructure increases, and the massive trade income from Shanghai allows us to maintain large armies.
  • Since you're new I'll give you the opportunity to NOT invade everything and die within the first turn. Would you like to accept this offer? -Feud
  • I guess my last post wasn't read. In either case, I will reiterate: You do not border Ming, you can't invade them. Also, considering a whole rebellion was fought over foreigners, and trade, and whatnot, your "massive trade income will probably not be booming". ~~Saamwiil
  • He's invading Min not Ming. Min is separate from Ming. -Feud
  • Then why the hell did JJ quit? LOL, sorry. My mistake. ~~Saamwiil
  • Stepan Ilych Lavrov returns to Pskov with his Druzhina Triumphant after the surrender of the Livonians at Riga, The Duke and his house abdicating their ducal coronet and agreeing to any terms of the invaders, leaving Livonia and its battered and destroyed armies and navies in the control of the invaders. In the Pskovian-Occupied Northeast of Livonia, the occupation governments set up in Narva and Reval last year begin the transition to full Republics, while denied the right to declare war or alliances, the two states remain independent in trade and cultural things, and a version of the Pskov Charter of Rights of the citizen is instated in those territories. The Pskov-Type arsenal in Riga is burnt to the ground during the siege, leaving Pskov in control of the only arsenals in existance. The Pskov economy booms iwth spoils of war from Livonia, having raided and almost emptied the Riga treasury. Stepan Ilych Lavrov, after his conquest of Livonia, is elevated by the Veche to the Rank of Veliky Knyaz (Grand Prince), and has the Princes of Narva and Reval(elevated from the Mayors of the Free cities) swear fealty to him. Stepan Ilych Lavrov becomes known throughout Pskov as Veliky Knyaz Stepan Zavoevatel', as Stepan the Conqueror. Although most occupied territory remains unorganized, most people believe that new definite borders will be carved out soon enough. Several proposals are put forward. The Pskov economic boom continues, and some people try to suplant the agricultural revolution with Incan farming techniques imported from Hispania. Imported crops form the new world begin an even greater economic boom. Average wages have risen almost 7% since the 1590s. The Rapid economic growth can be attributed to the large increase in internal production, which continues this year since merchants are able to supplant their fortunes with spoils of war from Livonia, since they have their own private corsairs. Meanwhile, the Veche gives the Pskov Imperial Company the right to issue letters of Marque, naming new corsairs in times of war. The Shipyard-town of Novoprussiysk grows as more people come and come from Livonia trying to do trade stuff.
    • The Republic of Narva: has its beginings this year, as the Mayor of the Free city of Narva is deposed and after a new one(which so happens to be Stepan Lavrov's close friend, Vetcheslav Svyatogorovich Volkov), is elected, he is soon declared the Namestnik of the Prince of Pskov by the Armies of Pskov as the soldiers celebrate news of victory. The Pskvoian soldiers stay in the city to act as a sort of local garrison and police force. Although they become light rulers, leaving the city to its own business, the local garrison of about 1000 soldiers goes out to consolidate territory in the more Russian-speaking regions of the Republic of Narva, which do so because of heavy influence from the neighbouring Pskov, and are more likely to accept Pskovian Rulers. Meanwhile, the necessary infrastructure is set up in order for Narva to transition from a temporary military government to a full Democratic Pskov-like republic.
    • The Republic of Talins: Begins to consolidate its territory around the free city after the Mayor is deposed and, Gunnar Rebane, a good friend of Stepan Lavrov is "elected" as his replacement and proclaimed as the Namestnik of the Prince of Pskov. The Local 3000 troops or so form a garrison and begin to consolidate territory. After news of total victory, people celebrate in the streets after the oppresive rule of the Livonains enforcing their culture on an OVERLY FINNIC region of the nation. The Reval government begins a slow transition into a true Pskov-Like republic.
    • The Pskov Imperial Company: continues to integrate Livonia's colonies into its command structure. They leave most of the local magisters in their own places, but make sure that other things happen and whatnot, so they profit off of their lands. The Pskov Imperial Company sends another expedition to Africa due to their illustrious spoils of war. Spiced Rum becomes better and better as it ages, and many people make it in their homes as a cheap alcoholic beverage as most people farm sugarcane, or spices, or both, and trade them for the other. The Pskov Imperial Company Sets up a small treasury in the Town of Novopskovsk. The capital of the Old Livonian colonies in the Lesser Antillies is renamed Novostovsk, and serves as the local Lieutenant-Namestnik (the old governor of the Livonian colonies) residence. Rum begins to be sold all around Europe, and an office is established in Reval. With a new colonial base to draw from, the Pskovian colonial settlements grow their maximum on the Bahamas Islands, as the regions become more and more packed.
    • BTW, the whole "Starts Consolidating Territory" bit means that the borders of the new nations are fuzzy, like really fuzzy, so they can probably disappear, enlarge, or just do anything basically on demand.
  • Mongol Khanate: The Mongols continue to expand their economy.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo and Ulsan.
  • Vorlayacor: Northwest expansion continues, and the military runs another recruitment campaign this year.
  • Ayutthaya: Our primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Spain and the Netherlands is used to make stronger and more effective ships, while our vast gunpowder supply benefits our weaponry. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up to date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is build in rural areas and trade routes are growing. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy. Schools in Ayutthaya begin teaching mathamatics and many European languages begin to be used as a second language. (This are mainly Spanish and Dutch). Many European inspired subjects begin to take hold in our schools and students can now study basic cartography and sciences.
    • Lanna: The population of Lanna continues to become happy with the vassalisation of their land. Lanna City begins having new market growth after trade with Bengal is opened through their border. Military prescence in Lanna is still high and we continue to develop schools and markets to help the economy of the region thrive.
    • Ayutthayan Nicobar: Our navy continues to use the Nicobar as an outpost where they can be repaired and restocked. The Thai population of the Nicobar grow and the native Nicobar people continue to thrive on the island of Teressa and Bompoka where their culture is supported by us. More schools and facilities are built on Nicobar to help support our population of the islands.
    • Aceh: While protestors continue to be a problem for the vassalisation of the region, we make sure that all Thai in the region are not disturbed and we set up many military posts. We spend a large sum of money making sure the region doesn't become out of control and that the Ayutthayan government can maintain its ruling position over their lands. A naval base is made where our ships can dock and repair. Larger cities of the region continue to attract more Thai people from Ayutthaya. Large amounts of traders are attracted to the region for Saltpetre exports, where they are exchanged for local herbs and spices.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 3900 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand eastward by 700 sq km. The government decides to move on the Dutch reformists by allowing them to remain on the French territory, however, putting some taxes for allowing them free passage in French land. However, the French government makes clear that their beliefs are with Catholicism and that any attempt of violent expansion will be considered as an act of aggression and hence the Dutch-Wallon reformist may be persecuted. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans in the area of OTL Cundinamarca in the search of the Aureana - a city made of gold - in the vicinity of several lakes. Although not finding the city lots of gold gods are found and sent to France in order to boost the economy back on its feet. Mining begins in the Pirouien mountains and the region of Equatoriale Province for gold and silver though only a few are found. The colony of Nouvelle Orleans divides in five provinces New Orleans OTL northern Colombia and Antioquia Sableville in North Western Venezuela, Equatoriale in southwest Colombia and Aurienne in the central areas and Emeraldia in central eastern Colombia. After years of ignoring an important part of the treaty, France decides helping Austria to rebuild initiating in the area of Tyrol and Western Austria. Due to close proximity to French Rhineland gold begins entering the economy of the country from Colombian and Peruvian mines. A colony is established. Saint Louis d'Africa continues expanding by 500 sq km and 200 sq km in Kenya. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The peasant revolt is ignored for now, although it proves the king that he may need to enforce a new politic in the ruralmost areas of France.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Rhineland officially withdraws from the HRE after the council votes 65 against 35 for withdrawing from the HRE, the council begins creating a constitution based on both German and French laws to establish within the area of the kingdom.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Freibourg and Valais are withdrawn from the HRE following the withdrawal from the Rhineland.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • French Mali: Military and economy are built up.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
  • |onte: Continues to have a large surplus of grain and rice. Though adopting "western farming", the idea of "the tribe" is still very much so alive, as people always share the crops they have grown, or the animals they have hunted amongst the community. Due to the policy of planting tree groves, desert reclamation has started taking serious effect in some parts of |onte. This year has resulted in sixty elephants being killed. A new expansion of the elephant pen has begun. |onte's population rises to over 2,040,000. The city of Kunene, the city of marble, reaches almost 100,000 people. Mon VII takes on the expansion north 300 sq km (6 pixels) a year with the Eheresito hu Kunene. Mon V brings books from |onte to !Xoonte as a gift, and a few gifts of ivory hoping to improve relations with their King, and spread |on culture. Mon V begins teaching the King of Zimbabwe about the many wonders of literature and |on, along with giving him many gifts. So Kuneneli offers to sell the rest of his paintings to the British. It has become the fashion, in Kunene, for men to go without the traditional loincloth, and embrace masculinity. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX is intrigued by the concept of laws.
  • County of Oldenburg: Unfertigkeit ("incompleteness") art continues to flourish, with the first musical compositions in the style being written and performed this year. The pieces are frustrating to some, but "pure genius" to others, due to the fact that none end on the typical V-I perfect cadence, or IV-I plagal cadence. Instead, many end on the V-I interrupted cadence, making them sound "unfinished". In Neu Norderney, trade with the Nehilaw for Borealian products begins in return for extremely low-priced weapons. In addition, a small contingent of troops from the Yellowcoat regiment stationed in NN travels to the Nehilaw capital to train the state's soldiers in the art of European tactics.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The militia is expanded.
  • Tibet: Buddhist temples are continuing to be built. Roads are continuing to be fixed so that travelers on the silk roads can easily get to our nation. Our own version of the arquebus gun is being made. Farming is our most important industry. We mine resources in our caves. We ask the people of our nation if they can help increase the population. The military is increasing due to new training that has been made. This new training is line infantry training with marching aspects. The military is becoming bigger due to new tech and more people joining. We start to vassal Si Chuan, Yun Nan, and Uighur.
    • Nepal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Chutiya: We build up our military and economy.
    • Shan States: We build up our military and economy.
  • Tsardom of Croatia: Croatia focuses primarily on its economy. Trade routes are strengthened after and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the King and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HKRM (Hrvatska Kraljevska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the Tsar. The Tsar issues an organizational reform, hoping to effectively improve the administrative divisions and making sure that the power of the nobility is finally obliterated. Ivan Gundulić writes the epic poem Jaagup about the incompetent leader of Livonia and Alejandro, the glorious King of Hispania who defeated him. Ana Katarina Zrinski writes the Putni Tovaruš while her brother Fran Krsto Frankopan writes a collection of poems entitled Gartlic za čas kratiti.
  • Tawatinsuyu: Military, navy and economy improve. The Inca government begins to quash the National's attacks against the Empire. Roughly 5% of the Inca population supports the nationals, with another 60% supporting the government. The remaining 30% are neutral. Population across the empire hits 1,800,000. Qusqo is currently the largest city, (160,000), followed by Peru (69,000), Machu Picchu (52,000), Chimu (27,000) and Sican (23,000). The Inca begin to push east as well. The areas taken in the push east are organized into the Willkapampa Wamani. The areas between the Wanka Wamani and Chimorsuyu are also incorporated into the empire. The total size of the army hits 29,000. Apeac I gives birth to his third child child, a daughter, who dies shortly after birth along with the child's mother. Cava hits the age of 13 while Apeac II hits age 8. The number of districts, or Wamani, in the empire is ten. They are, in decreasing order of population: Hanan Qosqo (410,000), Hurin Qosquo (266,000), Hurin Nazca (110,000), Wanka (109,000), Hanan Nazca (102,000), Hurin Chimor (98,000), Anti Chimo, (90,000), Aymara (66,000), Willkapampa (45,000), and La Paz (28,000). The four quarters, or Suyu of the empire, in decreasing order of population, are: Cuzco Suyu  (755,000),  Chimor Suyu (168,000), Nazca Suyu (282,000), and Aymara Suyu (67,000). Not every district falls under one of the Suyu. Following an attack on the La Paz settlement, it comes under direct control of the Inca government. The southern border expands to absorb it, making it into the La Paz district. The capital is founded as New Burgundy, to represent a large French minority in the empire, in OTL La Paz. Representing the large German minority, city with the creation of the Hesperian League, the Inca economy begins to expand and ties with Vorlyclayr and the Zapotec begin to deepen. Following the deepening ties with Spain, the Nationalist movement re-emerges, mostly in the eastern frontier. Having received ships from Spain, the Inca Navy is formed and the First Fleet of the Inca is christened. We thank Spain for the loan and we begin to reconstruct Hurin Nazca. "The Great Plague" makes a re-emergence in the Eastern and Western most districts, stunning growth outside of Cuzco Suyu.
    • Chiribaya Wamani: The Inca occupation of Chiribaya ends as a new capital is formed. The Capital is named Chirbaya Qosqo, (Chiribaya Central) and is located in OTL Tacna. Population of the nation hits 300,000. The Army of Chiribaya Wamani is formed, replacing the old Chiribaya War Band. Military, navy and economy improve. Chiribaya Qosqo is developed and the city of New Gibraltar is founded in OTL Monquegua. Population of Chiribaya Qosqo hits 50,000, while the population of New Gibraltar hits 35,000 
  • Nehilaw Sachemate:  The war against the Eastern Cree continues. 5000 troops are deployed against the disorganized tribal forces of that nation, the vast majority of whom are hunters or farmers and have no loyalty to the chiefs’ ideas of sub-ethnic groups within the Cree. Accordingly, the Eastern Cree people are treated gently, supplies are properly paid for, and plundering and rapine is punished. Several cannons are also deployed, terrifying the Eastern Cree troops, and the fast-moving cavalry enable the Nehilaw troops to outmaneuver opposing forces with ease. Back in the Sachemate, conversion to Christianity following the arrival of missionaries of the order of Saint Theobald continues. The Moose Cree also continue to be vassalized (Turn 13 of 20), while Winipakw expands 500 km. The troops remaining at home are trained in European tactics by the advisers sent from Oldenburg, and many of the upper class begin learning to speak German in order to better communicate with these foreigners. With Nehilaw troops seemingly on the verge of victory, and most of the Eastern Cree territory in their hands, a treaty is proposed to end the war, to come into effect in 1615. (Mod Response Needed).
  • Hispania: The Spanish populace hovers around 14.2 million and thanks in large part to the implementation of learned Incan farming methods, and the incorporation of some of the new American staple crops into Spanish diet. Population growth, however, is becoming increasingly stunted by many Spaniards - even some of noble birth - immigrating to the colonies and other territories overseas. The immigration of multiple high nobles confuses the parliament and King but allows this to continue seeing it as a way to organize troops and territories further under the Viceroy. The economy, thanks to the aggressive colonialism, continues to expand immensely and the Spanish economy becomes the most powerful in Europe passing the French economy by leaps and bounds with the massive influx of gold, silver and jewels contributing heavily regardless of many of these precious items being non-integrated into the economy and stored. The armed forces continue their push to remain the most modern and begins to build a host of new ships to replace older ones which are sold to its vassals, trade companies and other territories of the Empire. The Empire continues large scale investments into the colonies and overseas territories ensuring loyalty and considerably more profitable, With this and the 200 years of Spanish Colonial history, the Colonies get another wave of mass investment to fund their expansion.
    • Kingdom of Italy: Italy reaches its troop amount of 30,000 with it being armed and trained by Spanish troops in tactics. The Italian army is expanded moderately with some naval ships being purchased to replace losses. However, the Invulnerable Spanish army discourages any from speaking their mind and most deal with the relatively benevolent rule of the Spanish. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. The First Corps of Spanish and Italian speakers form in Italy with a force of nearly 5000 raised for this. This begins to show the compatibility of Italian and Spanish Culture as the merging of the cultures continues.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a trade fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships. 15,000 troops are sent with a decent amount being mercenaries.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The New King (King of Spain) is installed on the throne of Lombardy as his military leadership will be needed in the kingdom and the crown is tied with the Spanish one just as the Italian crown is. With this, he begins a process toward rebuilding the economy and military of the kingdom. The military is a raised force of 25,000 with many of them being pro-Spanish Hispanicized Italians which have been rapidly spreading across Italy. The population of Lombardy is at an estimated 1.5 million and counting. The Nation's economy is now in a process of integration into the Hispanian economy.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella. Its military forces are expanded to about 5000.
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavy under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Vatican City is re-instated as the Pope requested a small enclave of the Papacy for himself. Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population is two million. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about 1.5 million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had.
    • Mapuche: The Mapuche people begin to see the first mixed children between Spanish and Mapuche people. The Spanish institute the Ecomienda system. However, the Spanish governor, in order to keep control of the people, orders the Spanish heads of the system to treat the natives fairly in order to prevent mass deaths from overworking and resentment. Spanish farming techniques have definitely prevented starvation as the Mapuche continue to expand toward the coast building a road to connect it all. The Spanish governor, also using the local Mapuche as scouts, is able to expand much more than the Buenos Aires colony and uses this to his advantage to secure more land to be able to turn over to Spanish settlers. The royal governor ramps up expansion for some of the new plantation owners setting up expanding the the territory by 5000 sq km. The population of the Mapuche people is lowly put at about 15,000 with about 40,000 Spanish settlers living within the borders. The sharp increase in Mapuche is purely built out of many Mapuche starting to come back in order to live in peace under the Hesperian league's mandates.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Spanish begin to sponsor settlers in Morelia to begin expanding on the continent down the coast. (5000 sq km). The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.2 million with many living within the Cuba island territory.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand, the mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The Military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha is counted at nearly nine million with the inclusion of large native cities, expansion of the borders farther north, and the immigration of Spaniards. With this, however, a few prominent priests in Hispania have made it quite obvious that the Integrated native cities should be left alone outside of tribute collection and troop levies in order to preserve the working potential of theit population and prevent disease from totally wiping them out. Many, however, have begun to see a large rise in immunity to diseases such as smallpox. The Tenocha expand by 8000 sq km.
    • Mission of Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the disorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the disorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the Church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezians, unable to select a king from their remaining nobles, delegate to the Queen of Spain (Castile and Aragon) who chooses a man named Antonio Lo Grato to rule as Prince of Venice in place of the Queen of Spain. A well acclaimed and respected man, he immediately enacts reforms. The Venezian economy with access to the Spanish economy begins to recover and for the first time in years due to this. The Venezians begins its long road to naval recovery and begins to use its vast knowledge to begin building ships not only for itself but acquires the blueprints to improve on Spanish ships to allow for sale back to the king. The Venezian military is also raised to a token force of about 10,000 due to its location but remains lightly armed and unable to project power or fight any unsupported offensives.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 45,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the country side and establishing new towns and cities. The colony proper reaches nearly 1,000,000 in population seeing large amounts of Colonial immigration now from both Spain and Hispanicized Italians. This unprecedented size in population  The viceroy in order to expand the food supply of the large colony expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas.. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. The Colony specifically expands 75 px. This expansion, however, is stunted by a massive rainforest which after years of trying to penetrate has become more costly than not diverting further exploration attempts toward the Inca territories to the west. New Spain begins an immense project to attact settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. Of many cities developing some begin to gain large populations as well with multiple cities farther north and south develop heavily. Buenos Aires and San Sorento are the two largest cities in the colony with Buenos Aires maintaining 50,000 people and San Sorento maintaining about 30,000 people. Both cities are large coastal port cities.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand lowers to 45,000 colonists as many die to disease. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 50 px.
    • New Granada: The colony of New Granada - formerly San Francisco - sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 55 px. The colony's population expands to around 50,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the colony of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. Another port settlement is established in the lucrative Bay of Juarez with the settlement of Arica established at the mouth of the river and the city heading north with port facilities being established.
    • Philippines: Spanish continue to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. The Spanish then begin to send in a royal governor who makes plans to expand the island nation, and begins work on its economy and military to do so. Gold and silver from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Colony itself. The Philippines expand (now 50 px) per Spanish order as the potential for hostile natives and other threats in the area has led to a switch in policy as well as the movement of nearly 2000 Spaniards and a fleet of nearly 20 warships to the area preventing any force from attacking to continue expansion. With the close of the revolt, the Chinese people within the borders are expelled by any means necessary.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals, and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy.
    • Chile: The few hundred Spanish settlers who established some terraced farms and a small town expand settlements in the mountains to avoid earthquakes and other acts of God. The area is militarily supported by the CMA located in the Inca and a force of about 2000 is used to maintain order in the area. The Chilean royal governor along with the Colonial Authority begins to increase the economy of the area and is planning on a period of expansion coming up in the next few years. Chile continues to expand increasing to nearly 5000 sq km of Aymara territory and the discovery of massive silver deposits in which a native city now taken by Spaniards already stands, the population of Chile explodes with many gold and silver seekers moving to the area with the Spanish populace of Chile increasing from a mere 2000 to nearly 10,000 in a year and the natives further being integrated, especially the Aymara people. The population of the controlled territory is an estimated 250,000 and more being integrated and authority of the crown being imposed upon by the day
    • East African Protectorates: This military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The collective population of the protectorates is estimated at about five million between all three territories.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port and the company buys nearly 15 top-of-the line ships from Spain to maintain her interests in the area. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. Spain properly also sells about 25 top-of-the-line war galleons and frigates to the company here. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 100,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Cochin: The troops following the seizure are scaled down to 1000 troops led and trained by Spanish officers. The economic output of the area is considerably large for a new acquisition with the agriculture expanded to be able to supply most of Hispania's territories in the region. This output is expanded to to include whatever metals are included and is to be included in the Spanish global trading network. The Royal governor of Cochin is established in the city of Bago, the areas gretest port city and impressed with it the Hispanian governor makes it the capital of the Spanish territory of Cochin. As a militaristic governor he immediately begins plans to keep the region secure and prevent further uprising, as well as make the territory profitable for him, and keep the Spanish East India Company out of the area. Cochin maintains an estimated population of about 450,000 and growing thanks to the economic opportunity of working and providing trade good for Spain.
    • Dawei: Dawei is continually rebuilt from the initial revolts and the city begins to experience an increase in trade and Spanish investment. The military of the area is increased to about 500 Sepoy troops with a support of about three Spanish war galleons to keep the peace. The city itself expands to start becoming a much more metropolitan city attracting many traders from across the area that cannot set up shop in the Spanish territory of Cochin. The city following its massive destruction in the revolt has a mere 30,000 people living within its boundaries but it is steadily increasing.
  • Raigama: Military, economy, navy, and infrastructure are improved. As the black market booms, Samir II lowers tariffs and taxes on traded goods to encourage growth on the legal market. Traders begin to come back to Raigama. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Raigama. Taking a different approach from his father, and trying to avoid another recession, Samir II begins to invest in a very small navy of larger ships. The new king also orders that all official affairs to be handled in the more reliable Dutch Guilder. The king also orders Rajakaas to be officially decommissioned and removed (melted). The Raigama army increases, more of the army is given Dutch military training, and old Dutch weapons. Population increases. The navy is ordered to explore more around India. King Samir II continues to allow the building of naval bases and trade posts in Raigama. Samir II also supports the Dutch military operations in Kotte.
    • Kotte: Kotte mainly increases its economy and infrastructure. The Kotte Army increases, and are given training and weapons like the Raigaman army. King Samir also orders Kotte currency to be decommissioned. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Kotte. The number of rebellious citizens in Kotte continues to lower due to the Dutch military operations.
    • Nava Kotte: Due to mostly Dutch funding of the colony, Nava Kotte now covers the whole island. Nava Kotte becomes a good trade post, used in trading with Ayutthaya and Dutch colonies in Indonesia.
  • Austria: This turn in both our nation and the nations of Bohemia, Luxembourg, Austrian Switzerland, Lusatia, and our colonial territories and possessions is dedicated to military. We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port, to respond to dangers in the area and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren. With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Several ships begin construction in Trieste, Melilla, Venice, and other ports, to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and other trade partners, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. Expeditions to the New World continue to increase trade with our possessions, establishing a trade route between Westenland, Reichland, and the West Indies. Trade posts in the Caribbean are expanded and grow as they become more frequently visited. Neu Bruchhausen and Dominisburg continues to expand. We ask to buy back the territory of Kluftland from Hispania, and also offer a potential military alliance to ensure the safe transfer of the territory and to ensure our mutual defense in the future. Military from the time of our union with Spain continues to be reformed and upgraded, forming the tercio, an infantry formation made up of pikemen, swordsmen and arquebusiers in a mutually supportive formation. Each tercio is standardized at 3000 soldiers, and drilled to be proficient in combat. We ask to purchase Westenland back from France, and also offer an alliance in Africa, promising to aid them in their colonial endeavours.
  • Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: This turn is dedicated to military development. We begin rebuilding our nation’s manpower and military capabilities after the series of recent wars. Trade continues between neighboring nations and allies, as well as to our colonies in the Imperial Sea. Ship production is increased in our ports, with new shipyards and docks being constructed to facilitate larger garrisons of trade ships and military vessels. A small castle begins construction in Gdansk to protect the city and harbor.
    • Polish Imperial Isles: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Steady streams of colonists reach the island of St Stanislaus, where they will soon be sent onto the islands of St Otto and Nowy Krakow to settle.
  • Mansuryian Sultanate: The Ten Year Plan of military build up and construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad is finally complete, and thus Sultan Amir's dream has come true. With this dream finally realized, he dies, and thus his 18 year old son takes over, Sultan Abdul-Muhaimin Ibn Nuquad and thus there is a Coronation held for the new Sultan. As a result of the Ten Year Military Build Up, Construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad, and Coronation of Sultan Abuil-Muhalmin Ibn Nuquad, there is a massive parade in the centre of Baghdad. As a result of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad being complete, there is a massive revival of Sunni Islam, which is called The Great Revival. As such, we now believe we must spread Islam and the Mosque Model everywhere, thus fueling our imperalism.) We also seek to colonize Eastern Africa in order to bring Islam and the Mosque Model there. Infra turn. With our nation being re-established 80 years ago, there is a grand parade held in the center of Baghdad, celebrating 70 years of Manusurryian History, and many reflect on what has happened. (Purges, The Mosque Model, The Great Safavid Union and War, The UIN, the Interim Government, Sultan Amir's reign of peace, and the current reign under Sultan Abul)With this being the case, we elect Sultan Abul-Muhailim as the new leading Sultan of the UIN).
  • Mansurryian General Dip: We consider the Ankaran proposal. We humbly and graciously thank the Empire of Urdustan for allowing us to be the only selected special trading partner in the UIN in the Declaration of 1593. Now that the year is 1600, we open up Milh, the Alexandrian Omanese trade enclave near OTL Adu Dubai, which sells many domestic goods and goods from the Urdustani Empire. In order to use the the Port of Milh, there will have to be negotations in order to use the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) since we have complete control over the Gulf.
  • Mansurryian-Yemeni Dip: We request that in return for Masirah Island complete access to the Manssuryian Gulf and the Port of Milh, we get  OTL Djibuti and the very tip of the Horn of Somalia, as well as access to ports and trading rights. We thank Yemen for granting us land in the Horn of Africa and Eritrea and we are currently integrating the enclaves into under our jurisdiction, which should be completed next year. We also would like to further negotiate port access.
  • Mansurryian-Romanian Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Romanian Somalia in return for Romanian goods.
    • Romanian Diplomacy: We accept the trade proposal.
  • Mansurryian-Roman Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Roman Eastern Africa in return for Roman goods.
    • Southern Persia: Military build up is complete. We now go back to building up infrastructure.
    • Oman: Infra build up under the Mosque Model continues. Mosques are particularly constructed on the border of the Oman and OTL Saudi Arabia. Infra turn with the Mosque Model complete in Oman, infrastructure and economy booms. We use this new found money to further develop the economy. There is also a huge Sunni Islamic revival, which fuels imperialism.Eco turn.
    • Queshm Island: Infra build up and port construction under the Mosque Model continues. Infra turn.
    • Milh: The Governor was installed one year ago during the transnational period between independence and complete vassalization, and now we are officially under the control of the Mansurryian Sultanate. We are now greeted with the traditional vassalage welcome of the Sultanate-Implementation of the Mosque Model. Infra turn. With our unique blend of Omanese and Alexandrian culture, we are known as a safe haven for Christians in the Sultanate. We are also known hustling and bustling trading port in the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) and we start to receive Urdustani goods from the exclusive trade offer established between Mansurryia (as well as the Indian League, Hispania, and Rome) during the Declaration of 1593.Now that it is the year 1600, we open up our port, Milh, access will be proposed, negotiated, accepted, or declined under Mansurryian diplomacy.
    • New Baghdad: As a result of the land exchange for Masirah and trading rights, Yemen cedes part of Yemeni Eritrea to us, consisting of OTL Djibouti, and we found the port city of New Baghdad (OTL Djibouti City) as the colony's capital. The colony of New Baghdad also includes Ali Sabielh, as a sort of inland capital to adminster New Baghdad's interior, as well as a jump start point for expansion. The Colonial Governor is in charge of New Baghdad, and is met with the traditional Mansurryian welcome of the Mosque Model. (This is especially symbolic since the Mosque Model was introduced to Old Baghdad (Manssuryian Sultanate) 70 years ago. The Mosque Model works like this: Mosques are the centre of the town, and as the centre of each markets and homes are built around the mosques, thus creating towns. As new towns are created roads are created between them, thus fueling the economy. The money used from the economy boom is used to make new mosques, which makes the cycle go all over again. Other results include rise in Sunni Islam and support for the governor. A plan for a road between New Baghdad and Ali Sabieh is being worked out, as well as a plan to connect Addis Ababa, Ali Sabieh and New Baghdad. Wells, along with mosques, are constructed. We expand 50 px inland. We start trading with Romanian Somalia.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1614, Bavaria expands its economy. The population continues to rise. King Franz-Albert II, aged 48, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. The Curia Bavaria order the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction in Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with  Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, and Scandinavia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice, and a future union with Hesse and currently a dynastic union with the Palatinate. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. In domestic news, King Franz-Albert II continues to attempt the propagation of the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 20% of Bavaro-Germany secondary speakers in Saxony and Wurzburg, as well as a slew of minority speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 10,000 remaining in Saxony, and 15,000 in Thuringia. Starting in 1595, several high Saxon nobles are displaced, mostly by having their titles and lands revoked, and given out to Bavarian nobility. In 1607, the question of Franz-Albert's marriage is no longer an issue, as it becomes apparent that he will not marry. Furthermore, rumors of the King being gay are an open secret. That in itself is not an issue to most courtiers or councillors. However, many detractors, many in Greater Saxony, continue to criticize the King and use the rumor to their full advantages. In September, Franz-Albert II makes the decision to recognize his younger brother Johann, born 1576, as his heir. Johann already has six children, in order of age, Maria-Sofia, Isabella, Leopold, Karl, and Catherine.
    • Grand Duchy of Landshut: Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. The Curia Bavaria continue to operate. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Munchen: By 1614, Queen Isabell University continues to grow. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Collegiate Writs begin to draw more men to college.
    • Duchy of Straubing: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Duchy of Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County Burgau: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Nurnburg Incident continues to remain in memory, having put the country into a startled stupor for the majority of 1561.
    • County of Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Bamberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Greater Saxony: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Adalbert II normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion. Adalbert II dies in 1599, and the Saxon throne passes to Franz-Albert II.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Duchy of Swabia-Württemberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Franz-Albert is proclaimed as Duke of Swabia-Württemberg.
    • Nei Baiern: The colony of Nei Baiern, reaching a population of 2100, expands this year. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, and Bayreuth all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. In 1595, the settlement of Bayreuth is founded in Jülichsberg in early March. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 250 sq km northward up the Wilhelmsbaum coast, 250 sq km around the south end of the island onto the Pacific coast, 50 sq km on the mainland eastward of Jülichsberg, 100 sq km southward onto the smaller island south of Katharinas-Hafen, and a final 100 sq km northward, past Jülichsberg, up the coast of mainland Borealia. In governmental news, Edmund von Jülich and Elisabeth von Habsburg-Wittelsbach continue to be married.
  • Roman Empire: Tragically, Theodore III dies this year, and on his deathbed feels like a failure. Despite this, he is loved by the vast majority of his subjects, and even the Borealian natives and the Serbs hold some fondness for him. His son Thomas takes the throne after a coronation involving the traditional Iron Crown, Bridle, and Lance, becoming Thomas II. Different from his father, Thomas II is much more concerned about the internal stability of the Empire and its territory, and as such is committed to resolving such issues. He orders an inspection of all military fortifications in Greece, Albania, Phoenicia, and Taurica to ensure that they are all properly garrisoned and fortified. He also expands the networks of forts in Anatolia, and increases the number of troops garrisoned in Anatolian territories. Continuing the policies of his father, Greeks are encouraged to move to Anatolia, and refounded settlements like Prussia, Illium and Ephesus begin to grow again as a result. Thomas II continues his father's policies of converting the Berbers in Cyrenaica to Christianity, offering those who do lower taxes and political incentives. Previous policies are kept with Turkic inhabitants of Roman territories, however, few Turks actually leave, amounting to maybe a few hundred every year. However, Thomas II discovers that his father was so focused on European interests that the Empire's colonies are largely defenseless, and makes efforts to change this. Fortifications are already present at Atlantis and Socotra, but other than that, the colonies are largely void of such defenses. Forts are, therefore, built in Roanoke, Powhatan, Delaware, and Yamasee, defending vital colonial cities like Reme, Avelinia, and Patropolis. Reme gets the most of the defenses, with twin forts guarding the sound, as well as small outposts outfitted with cannon on the outer banks. Reme is also equipped with a shipyard and armory to provide the troops stationed there with adequate weaponry and transport. At the colony of Antillia, fortified outposts are also constructed and equipped with cannon. The same happens in Malabar. To further expand the security of these colonies, relations with the Borealian natives are made a priority, and commitments with the Powhatan, Delaware, Taino, and Yamasee natives are extended. Roman officers train the natives in European tactics, and some educated natives are invited to take part in the government of the colonies. While this does help expand support amongst the natives, the ones in the interior are still hostile to Roman interests, and as such the Empire holds off. These improvements are largely possible thanks to an expansion of the Roman economy and the new quantity of trade goods available. Trade with Urdustan provides gems, opium, cannabis, and cotton to European markets, supplementing the rubber and pepper exported by Malabar. In the colonies, cash crops like rice, tobacco, hemp, indigo, and cotton are exported and make a sizable profit, while a few in Antillia begin experimenting with sugarcane. Socotra and Phoenicia provide dyes, and Phoenicia in particular provides high quality lumber such as cedar. Back in the mainland, Greece provides ample quantities of silver, marble, wine, raisins, saffron, fish, and olive oil. Constantinople, already the silk capital of Europe, expands its considerable trade influence and wealth. Whereas Theodore III sought to expand the Empire to its previous borders, Thomas II seems determined to make sure the gains of the last century are not lost. With the colonies largely placated at the moment and needing to consolidate, Thomas II turns his attentions to Anatolia. After gathering allies, Roman troops invade Cappadocia with popular support, as the region is full of Greeks. Siege weapons are brought along to deal with the occasional castle, yet few are present. The war goes on, with much success thanks to the loyalty of the native Greek population. By years end, the native Turk rulers and their forces have been largely annihilated and the region pacified, and the region is annexed into the Empire.
    • Reme: Fortifications continue to be built, especially in cities like Reme, Avelinia and Patrapolis. Cash crops, like tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo, are continued to be planted in newly acquired area from expansion. Young men, about the number of 700, are given training to join the Roman navy and military back in Europe. The colony is re-inforced with about five ships, some of them galleons and frigates, and 1000 Roman soldiers. While the colony is split up by Hamburg's colony, a series of roads are constructed to help the colonists move around. A few small outposts are constructed throughout the colony to help prevent highwaymen from appearing. Native militias are further trained and equipped with Roman military ordnance. Faced with increased piracy in the area, the colonial authorities decide to act. Unable to target the pirates that take refuge inside New Pomerania, the colonial fleets decide it would be better to limit their ability to hide. Roman fleets travel around the region of the Seminole and destroy pirate bases where they are found. To further protect the gains from the previous year, a fortress is constructed in the OTL Tampa Bay area and more outposts are constructed along the keys. Existing outposts are further fortified as the Empire continues to expand there. While not intended to be a settler colony, some people begin to move in, seeking new land to farm cash crops on and to live. As existing settlements are consolidated, no further inland expansion occurs, as it is presently too dangerous to expand farther than the coastal forts or outposts.

1615

PMIII 1615 Touch Up
Workers in a sandpit in the Dauphiné, France uncover the alleged remains of a thirty foot tall man, supposively belonging to the giant Teutobochus, a legendary Gallic king who fought against the Romans in antiquity.

A fire in the city of London, England destroys the city’s famed theatre, used for showing performances from a variety of famed screenwriters and performers.

  • Damascan Sultanate:  Sulimen IV rules as Sultan, now aging at 39. His uncle, Sulimen III now aging at 70, continues ruling over in Kurdistan. Sulimen IV promotes migration to Damascus as it now numbers 419,000. Damascus has grown huge now, and continues to as it is now the largest city in the Damascan Sultanate. The military is expanded. Antioch's population grows to 276,000. Sulimen IV requests a wife to rule his nation with him. The people continue to rally toward Islam. In Kurdistan, the Turks begin to slow their chaotic behavior with the arquebus equipped Janissaries entering the newly conquered territory. We finish vassalizing the Karamanian Sultanate (Turn Six of Eight). As an Arab nation now begins to enter the land with good Turk relation the people seem to be happier. Sulimen III starts implementing more of the Qu'ran into the law in Kurdistan, people begin taking a liking to it. Spices and salt are sent to the Malaccan Sultanate. We continue modernizing and upgrading our guns. We receive more ships (snaphaunces) from Malacca in return for glass and textiles. We begin developing and advancing our weaponry, the old lever lock guns are being replaced slowly with Arquebuses. We begin building ships in the Red and Mediterranean Sea. The total census of the Damascan Sultanate has risen to 25.7 million. A port is still given haven to any travels and any merchants the Romanians may have. The navy is upgraded, and we begin building our ships to be more like the old Dutch model given to us by the Malaccan Sultanate. Karaman and Damascus begin to become friends again, as the governments see their wrongdoings, all Turks are promised haven in Damascan lands once again and won't be moved to foreign nations. Karaman, being the most Arab, therefore becomes closer to Damascus, and Diyabakir begins to take shine to the sultanate. Ankara remains strongly independent, as having the largest Turkic population, and will not be as easily swayed. The Sultan dies. UIN council meets in Baghdad, to vote for a new leader. 
    • Azerbaijan (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): The northern land is given to the Tartary, due to their good relations and acceptance and tolerance of Islam. Military expands. The region continues merging into the Damascan Sultanate. Azerbaijan continues to merge into the Damascan Sultanate, particularly the Kurdistan regent.
    • Palestine (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): A census is taken to find the population of Jerusalem alone. Jerusalem holds a total of 292,000. And slowly falls with the fighting between the Jews, Muslims and Christians. The people feel safe, yet also principled with the forces now in the city. As the city has fully been repaired, the military is expanded training Muslim militias. Sultan Sulimen IV, leader of the Damascan Sultanate, announces that Jerusalem will continue to be a unified city for all religions, and all are welcome to use the city for religious purposes.
    • Yimennendahla: Trade becomes large throughout the state. A census is taken totaling: 40,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Aleppraqht: Trade is swimming through the streets as the largest city in the land gain. Trade increased with Yemen and trade now extravagantly reaching Africa. Census is taken totaling: 55,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Jivadier: Trade is largely based on Yemen, Mansuriyya and Somalia/Eritrea. Census is taken totaling: 45,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Dhubab: The new port colony in Yemen bought from the Romanians remains to be a key focal point for the exit of the Philadelphi Canal. Economy and navy expand.
  • Hamburg-Holstein-Mecklenburg: the economy sees improvements made. Road and infrastructure projects continue. Starting in 1615, in an attempt to curtail Scandinavia's majority control over Baltic Sea trade, Duke Karl, to the knowledge of none of his closest advisors, sanctions the use of privateers. Giving them older vessels, crews are hired from former Polish sailors, jobless from the return of the Danzig corridor to Prussia. Any mention of their employment to Duke Karl is immediately destroyed, and their payment is made up front and off the books. Reports on their raids are held off until the end of the year, and are subsequently given to the Duke directly during his weekly visit to the docks, and subsequent talks with merchant captains. Once he reads them, he immediately burns the papers himself. Upon leaving port, the privateer captains fly the colors of a nation until the first night out, when they raise their personal colors under cover of darkness. If pursued, they are ordered to stay away form any port of any nation until their pursuer is shaken. After the back door deals are made, roughly fifty ships are hired. At the years end, the captains report a couple score Scandinavian merchant vessels sunk.
    • Duchy of Stade: Military and economy expanded.
    • Prince-Archbishopric of Münster: Military and economy expanded.
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the naus continue being used. Naval explorations directed to the west continue. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz expands north by 2500 sq km. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz. Meanwhile, pau-brasil (brazilwood) starts to be extracted in the colony.
  • The Consulate of Dacia: Dan, now a man of 45, resumes growing the economy and making the military stronger. The economy continues its inexorable upward trend, as greater colonial expansion leads to greater profits. The expansion and growth is product of years of peace within Romania, as well as the trade from Somalia. The average wealth of individuals continues to grow at a fairly steady rate. This causes a huge boom in land cultivation as the newfound wealth allows more land to be worked. Also Terraced farming, imported from Spain has allowed much once un-arable land to be used for farming. Terraced farms can be seen dotting the landscape. Dan takes notice of the new practice of terrace farming. He quickly implements a series of reforms to build many hundreds of these farms all along the Carpathians and in Bulgaria. Within Moldova a large number of cattle ranches begin to appear. The increase in beef production causes an increase in protein intake of the people. As the amount of protein in the average diet increases so does the height and strength of the populace. The life expectancy begin to rise with better sanitation spreading across all of Romania. Food surpluses drive down prices. The population begins to grow at an extremely rapid pace (2% growth rate) due to the sudden depression in food prices. Due to the better ranching leather prices drop quickly, allowing the military to begin re-equipping with buff coats. The coats are supplemented with chest plates as muskets begin to become more dangerous. A new batch of modern frigates is designed to replace the aging caravels and carracks of the Dacian fleet. The frigates are armed with 48 long Culverini, and are smaller than most of their counterparts. They also possess the ability to be Square or Lanteen rigged, sometimes employing a combination of both. This allows the new frigates to operate with significant advantages in the Red and Mediterranean seas, without compromising their ocean-going capabilities. Production of 60 begins in 1612 and will finish in 1615. Constanta Fabrică de Tun, continues developing its cannons. The cannons produced and developed at the factory begin to make the company quite rich and powerful. More work must be done to refine the cannons, but they are developing well. The army continues drilling with rotating ranks and pikes begin to be phased out by Flintlocks. More disputes occur in the senate. Constantius now a young man of 23, assists his father. The Eastern Trade Co. continues to grow. A small army of 15,000 men and many siege cannons is drawn up in Transylvania. After the arrival of The Grand Consul the army marches into Hungary. War Declared on Hungary
    • Kiev: The military becomes more professional, and officers arrive from Dacia to train the soldiers. The economy grows more this year as much farmland becomes cultivated after years of disuse. The rapid population growth in Dacia causes an Immigration rush, as Romanians looking for cheap land swarm the southern half of Kiev. We support the Dacians in fighting Hungary
    • Halych: Prince Yarlslav II continues growing the economy and military. We declare war on Hungary to assist Dacia.
    • Dacian Somalia: Trade with India continues, and the cities of Bosaso and Qandala grow slowly. The economy of Mogadishu continues to grow, production of raw materials continues. Meanwhile, the majority of European traders who make stops in Somalia prefer to land at Dacian Ports, as they enjoy the more familiar amenities afforded by the Dacian presence.
  • Iroquois: Due to recent trade opening up with Hispania and Britannic protection over the Iroquois, the confederation can finally be confident in its own long-term future. With that in mind, construction of defenses is slowed down, while military begins to build up. The chief begs all nations of the confederacy to send their troops to the central authority to produce a national army trained with Hispanic arms. Ties are strengthened with our vassals, and permanent settlements in the European style begin to spring up, and the forward-thinking chief turns one on the banks of Lake Onondaga into the capital by the name of Haudenosaunee (the native name for the Iroquois). Each tribe in the confederacy creates a regional capital named after their tribe. Furs begin to be traded with the Britannians and Hispanians for weapons, alcohol, horses, and other trade goods. Many conversions to Western Catholicism occur along the border with the Scandinavian colonies in Mohawk territory. Despite this, the majority of Mohawks are still shamanist. A trade jargon of Britannian, Scandinavian, and Iroquoian is spoken in border settlements. (Mil-Turn)
    • ​Erie: We build up military, especially on our eastern border and build closer relations with the Iroquois. (Mil-Turn)
    • Susquehanna: We build up military, especially on our western border and build closer relations with the Iroquois. (Mil-Turn)
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo and Ulsan.
  • Hispania: The Spanish populace hovers around 14.2 million and thanks in large part to the implementation of learned Incan farming methods, and the incorporation of some of the new American staple crops into Spanish diet. Population growth, however, is becoming increasingly stunted by many Spaniards - even some of noble birth - immigrating to the colonies and other territories overseas. The immigration of multiple high nobles confuses the parliament and King but allows this to continue seeing it as a way to organize troops and territories further under the Viceroy. The economy, thanks to the aggressive colonialism, continues to expand immensely and the Spanish economy becomes the most powerful in Europe passing the French economy by leaps and bounds with the massive influx of gold, silver and jewels contributing heavily regardless of many of these precious items being non-integrated into the economy and stored. The armed forces continue their push to remain the most modern and begins to build a host of new ships to replace older ones which are sold to its vassals, trade companies and other territories of the Empire. The Empire continues large scale investments into the colonies and overseas territories ensuring loyalty and considerably more profitable, With this and the 200 years of Spanish Colonial history, the Colonies get another wave of mass investment to fund their expansion. Emperor Alejandro dies at the age of 66 with Don Juan de Habsburg age 39 takes over the empire from his departed father as tradition revealing his children Alejandro II, Carlos, Alexis, and Isabella. with Alejandro, Carlos and Alexis being Triplets the first in the royal family's history. As is tradition the secondary male Child given the opportunity to run one of the colonies as Viceroy. At age 10 he is given a mentor and chooses to go to Cape Ferdinand. Alejandro is given the best education but sees little want in military matters focusing more on the arts - focusing on becoming a painter even at such a young age. The Hispanian navy with a new act from Parliament expands the Admiralty creating a tiered ranking system for admirals increasing the organization of the fleet.
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army now consists of 30,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a trade fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships. 15,000 troops are sent with a decent amount being mercenaries.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The New King (King of Spain) is installed on the throne of Lombardy as his military leadership will be needed in the kingdom and the crown is tied with the Spanish one just as the Italian crown is. With this, he begins a process toward rebuilding the economy and military of the kingdom. The military is a raised force of 25,000 with many of them being pro-Spanish Hispanicized Italians which have been rapidly spreading across Italy. The population of Lombardy is at an estimated 1.5 million and counting. The Nation's economy is now in a process of integration into the Hispanian economy.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella. Its military forces are expanded to about 5000.
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavy under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Vatican City is re-instated as the Pope requested a small enclave of the Papacy for himself. Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population is two million. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about 1.5 million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had.
    • Mapuche: The Mapuche people begin to see the first mixed children between Spanish and Mapuche people. The Spanish institute the Ecomienda system. However, the Spanish governor, in order to keep control of the people, orders the Spanish heads of the system to treat the natives fairly in order to prevent mass deaths from overworking and resentment. Spanish farming techniques have definitely prevented starvation as the Mapuche continue to expand toward the coast building a road to connect it all. The Spanish governor, also using the local Mapuche as scouts, is able to expand much more than the Buenos Aires colony and uses this to his advantage to secure more land to be able to turn over to Spanish settlers. The royal governor ramps up expansion for some of the new plantation owners setting up expanding the the territory by 5000 sq km. The population of the Mapuche people is lowly put at about 15,000 with about 40,000 Spanish settlers living within the borders. The sharp increase in Mapuche is purely built out of many Mapuche starting to come back in order to live in peace under the Hesperian league's mandates.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Spanish begin to sponsor settlers in Morelia to begin expanding on the continent down the coast. (5000 sq km). The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.2 million with many living within the Cuba island territory.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand, the mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The Military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha is counted at nearly nine million with the inclusion of large native cities, expansion of the borders farther north, and the immigration of Spaniards. With this, however, a few prominent priests in Hispania have made it quite obvious that the integrated native cities should be left alone outside of tribute collection and troop levies in order to preserve the working potential of their population and prevent disease from totally wiping them out. Many, however, have begun to see a large rise in immunity to diseases such as smallpox. The Tenocha expand by 8000 sq km.
    • Mission of Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the disorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the disorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the Church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezians, unable to select a king from their remaining nobles, delegate to the Queen of Spain (Castile and Aragon) who chooses a man named Antonio Lo Grato to rule as Prince of Venice in place of the Queen of Spain. A well acclaimed and respected man, he immediately enacts reforms. The Venezian economy with access to the Spanish economy begins to recover and for the first time in years due to this. The Venezians begins its long road to naval recovery and begins to use its vast knowledge to begin building ships not only for itself but acquires the blueprints to improve on Spanish ships to allow for sale back to the king. The Venezian military is also raised to a token force of about 10,000 due to its location but remains lightly armed and unable to project power or fight any unsupported offensives.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 45,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. The Colonial population hovers above one million with a few thousand settlers with more people in recent years deciding to settle in the Mapuche and Chilean territories as ranchers, farmers and crop growers. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy in order to expand the food supply of the large colony expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas.. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. The Colony continues to expand 75 px. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. Of many cities developing some begin to gain large populations as well with multiple cities farther north and south develop heavily. Buenos Aires and San Sorento are the two largest cities in the colony with Buenos Aires maintaining 50,000 people and San Sorento maintaining about 30,000 people. Both cities are large coastal port cities.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand lowers to 45,000 colonists as many die to disease. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 50 px.
    • New Granada: The colony of New Granada - formerly San Francisco - sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 55 px. The colony's population expands to around 55,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the colony of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 15,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco city.
    • Philippines: Spanish continue to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. The Spanish then begin to send in a royal governor who makes plans to expand the island nation, and begins work on its economy and military to do so. Gold and silver from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Colony itself. The Philippines expand (now 50 px) per Spanish order as the potential for hostile natives and other threats in the area has led to a switch in policy as well as the movement of nearly 2000 Spaniards and a fleet of nearly 20 warships to the area preventing any force from attacking to continue expansion. With the close of the revolt, the Chinese people within the borders are expelled by any means necessary.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals, and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy.
    • Chile: The few hundred Spanish settlers who established some terraced farms and a small town expand settlements in the mountains to avoid earthquakes and other acts of God. The area is militarily supported by the CMA located in the Inca and a force of about 2000 is used to maintain order in the area. The Chilean royal governor along with the Colonial Authority begins to increase the economy of the area and is planning on a period of expansion coming up in the next few years. Chile continues to expand increasing to nearly 5000 sq km of Aymara territory and the discovery of massive silver deposits in which a native city now taken by Spaniards already stands, the population of Chile explodes with many gold and silver seekers moving to the area with the Spanish populace of Chile increasing from a mere 2000 to nearly 10,000 in a year and the natives further being integrated, especially the Aymara people. The population of the controlled territory is an estimated 250,000 and more being integrated and authority of the crown being imposed upon by the day
    • East African Protectorates: This military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port and the company buys nearly 15 top-of-the-line ships from Spain to maintain her interests in the area. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. Spain properly also sells about 25 top-of-the-line war galleons and frigates to the company here. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 100,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Cochin: The troops following the seizure are scaled down to 1000 troops led and trained by Spanish officers. The economic output of the area is considerably large for a new acquisition with the agriculture expanded to be able to supply most of Hispania's territories in the region. This output is expanded to to include whatever metals are included and is to be included in the Spanish global trading network. The Royal governor of Cochin is established in the city of Bago, the areas gretest port city and impressed with it the Hispanian governor makes it the capital of the Spanish territory of Cochin. As a militaristic governor he immediately begins plans to keep the region secure and prevent further uprising, as well as make the territory profitable for him, and keep the Spanish East India Company out of the area. Cochin maintains an estimated population of about 450,000 and growing thanks to the economic opportunity of working and providing trade goods for Spain. Cochin begins to expand into the disorganized territory to the south in search of more resources (50 px)
    • Dawei: Dawei is continually rebuilt from the initial revolts and the city begins to experience an increase in trade and Spanish investment. The military of the area is increased to about 500 Sepoy troops with a support of about three Spanish war galleons to keep the peace. The city itself expands to start becoming a much more metropolitan city attracting many traders from across the area that cannot set up shop in the Spanish territory of Cochin. The City is finally fully rebuilt as a major trade port with a population of about 45,000
  • Vorlayacor: Northwest expansion continues; approximately half of the remaining territory in the northwest has been formally integrated into Vorlayacor. Roads, forts, and towns are established in these new areas, improving the infrastructure of the nation. Mapuche relocation from the south continues, providing both people and Mapuche culture to fill the new areas and integrate with the native Tapuia cultures. Mathematicians at the University of Vorlayacor pursue the mathematics of change.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 3900 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand eastward by 700 sq km. The government decides to move on the Dutch reformists by allowing them to remain on the French territory, however, putting some taxes for allowing them free passage in French land. However, the French government makes clear that their beliefs are with Catholicism and that any attempt of violent expansion will be considered as an act of aggression and hence the Dutch-Wallon reformist may be persecuted. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans in the area of OTL Cundinamarca in the search of the Aureana - a city made of gold - in the vicinity of several lakes. Although not finding the city lots of gold gods are found and sent to France in order to boost the economy back on its feet. Mining begins in the Pirouien mountains and the region of Equatoriale Province for gold and silver though only a few are found. The colony of Nouvelle Orleans divides in five provinces New Orleans OTL northern Colombia and Antioquia Sableville in North Western Venezuela, Equatoriale in southwest Colombia and Aurienne in the central areas and Emeraldia in central eastern Colombia. After years of ignoring an important part of the treaty, France decides helping Austria to rebuild initiating in the area of Tyrol and Western Austria. Due to close proximity to French Rhineland gold begins entering the economy of the country from Colombian and Peruvian mines. A colony is established. Saint Louis d'Africa continues expanding by 500 sq km and 200 sq km in Kenya. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The peasant revolt is ignored for now, although it proves the king that he may need to enforce a new politic in the rural-most areas of France.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Rhineland officially withdraws from the HRE after the council votes 65 against 35 for withdrawing from the HRE, the council begins creating a constitution based on both German and French laws to establish within the area of the kingdom.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Freibourg and Valais are withdrawn from the HRE following the withdrawal from the Rhineland.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • French Mali: Military and economy are built up.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
  • Zapoteca: Zapoteca continues trading with the newly independent nations on the Imperial Gulf, mainly Chitimach and Mikasuki (Seminoles): Trade continues in earnest with Mikasuki, to uplift the nation economically. The Emperor continues financing Spanish settlers to come to the kingdom and marry into the population. Trade increases and continues with the Spanish. The Emperor expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move freer between them. The military, which had been outdated for many years, continues to be upgraded. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. Naval technology is rapidly advanced under the Spanish with an advancing fleet of 25 light and medium ships purchased from Spain. The Emperor orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Itzapam continues prospering under Zapotecan rule, improving their military. Zapoteca expands 7500 sq km north with the help of Spanish explorers. Copy pasta for Cour. -Feud
  • Ayutthaya: Our primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Spain and the Netherlands is used to make stronger and more effective ships, while our vast gunpowder supply benefits our weaponry. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up to date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is build in rural areas and trade routes are grown. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy. Schools in Ayutthaya begin teaching mathamatics and many European languages begin to be used as a second language. (This are mainly Spanish and Dutch). Many European inspired subjects begin to take hold in our schools and students can now study basic cartography and sciences.
    • Lanna: The population of Lanna continues to become happy with the vassalisation of their land. Lanna City begins having new market growth after trade with Bengal is opened through their border. Military presence in Lanna is still high and we continue to develop schools and markets to help the economy of the region thrive.
    • Ayutthayan Nicobar: Our navy continues to use the Nicobar as an outpost where they can be repaired and restocked. The Thai population of the Nicobar grow and the native Nicobar people continue to thrive on the island of Teressa and Bompoka where their culture is supported by us. More schools and facilities are built on Nicobar to help support our population of the islands.
    • Aceh: While protesters continue to be a problem for the vassalisation of the region, we make sure that all Thai in the region are not disturbed and we set up many military posts. We spend a large sum of money making sure the region doesn't become out of control and that the Ayutthayan government can maintain its ruling position over their lands. A naval base is made where our ships can dock and repair. Larger cities of the region continue to attract more Thai people from Ayutthaya. Large amounts of traders are attracted to the region for Saltpetre exports, where they are exchanged for local herbs and spices.
  • Mansuryian Sultanate: The Ten Year Plan of military build up and construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad is finally complete, and thus Sultan Amir's dream has come true. With this dream finally realized, he dies, and thus his 18 year old son takes over, Sultan Abdul-Muhaimin Ibn Nuquad and thus there is a Coronation held for the new Sultan. As a result of the Ten Year Military Build Up, Construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad, and Coronation of Sultan Abuil-Muhalmin Ibn Nuquad, there is a massive parade in the centre of Baghdad. As a result of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad being complete, there is a massive revival of Sunni Islam, which is called The Great Revival. As such, we now believe we must spread Islam and the Mosque Model everywhere, thus fueling our imperialism.) We also seek to colonize Eastern Africa in order to bring Islam and the Mosque Model there. Infra turn. With our nation being re-established 80 years ago, there is a grand parade held in the center of Baghdad, celebrating 70 years of Manusurryian History, and many reflect on what has happened. (Purges, The Mosque Model, The Great Safavid Union and War, The UIN, the Interim Government, Sultan Amir's reign of peace, and the current reign under Sultan Abul)With this being the case, we elect Sultan Abul-Muhailim as the new leading Sultan of the UIN).
  • Mansurryian General Dip: We consider the Ankaran proposal. We humbly and graciously thank the Empire of Urdustan for allowing us to be the only selected special trading partner in the UIN in the Declaration of 1593. Now that the year is 1600, we open up Milh, the Alexandrian Omanese trade enclave near OTL Adu Dubai, which sells many domestic goods and goods from the Urdustani Empire. In order to use the the Port of Milh, there will have to be negotiations in order to use the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) since we have complete control over the Gulf.
  • Mansurryian-Yemeni Dip: We request that in return for Masirah Island complete access to the Manssuryian Gulf and the Port of Milh, we get  OTL Djibuti and the very tip of the Horn of Somalia, as well as access to ports and trading rights. We thank Yemen for granting us land in the Horn of Africa and Eritrea and we are currently integrating the enclaves into under our jurisdiction, which should be completed next year. We also would like to further negotiate port access.
  • Mansurryian-Romanian Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Romanian Somalia in return for Romanian goods.
    • Romanian Diplomacy: We accept the trade proposal.
  • Mansurryian-Roman Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Roman Eastern Africa in return for Roman goods.
    • Southern Persia: Military build up is complete. We now go back to building up infrastructure.
    • Oman: Infra build up under the Mosque Model continues. Mosques are particularly constructed on the border of the Oman and OTL Saudi Arabia. Infra turn with the Mosque Model complete in Oman, infrastructure and economy booms. We use this new found money to further develop the economy. There is also a huge Sunni Islamic revival, which fuels imperialism.Eco turn.
    • Queshm Island: Infra build up and port construction under the Mosque Model continues. Infra turn.
    • Milh: The Governor was installed one year ago during the transnational period between independence and complete vassalization, and now we are officially under the control of the Mansurryian Sultanate. We are now greeted with the traditional vassalage welcome of the Sultanate-Implementation of the Mosque Model. Infra turn. With our unique blend of Omanese and Alexandrian culture, we are known as a safe haven for Christians in the Sultanate. We are also known hustling and bustling trading port in the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) and we start to receive Urdustani goods from the exclusive trade offer established between Mansurryia (as well as the Indian League, Hispania, and Rome) during the Declaration of 1593.Now that it is the year 1600, we open up our port, Milh, access will be proposed, negotiated, accepted, or declined under Mansurryian diplomacy.
    • New Baghdad: As a result of the land exchange for Masirah and trading rights, Yemen cedes part of Yemeni Eritrea to us, consisting of OTL Djibouti, and we found the port city of New Baghdad (OTL Djibouti City) as the colony's capital. The colony of New Baghdad also includes Ali Sabielh, as a sort of inland capital to administer New Baghdad's interior, as well as a jump start point for expansion. The Colonial Governor is in charge of New Baghdad, and is met with the traditional Mansurryian welcome of the Mosque Model. (This is especially symbolic since the Mosque Model was introduced to Old Baghdad (Manssuryian Sultanate) 70 years ago. The Mosque Model works like this: Mosques are the centre of the town, and as the centre of each markets and homes are built around the mosques, thus creating towns. As new towns are created roads are created between them, thus fueling the economy. The money used from the economy boom is used to make new mosques, which makes the cycle go all over again. Other results include rise in Sunni Islam and support for the governor. A plan for a road between New Baghdad and Ali Sabieh is being worked out, as well as a plan to connect Addis Ababa, Ali Sabieh and New Baghdad. Wells, along with mosques, are constructed. We expand 50 px inland. We start trading with Romanian Somalia.
  • Tsardom of Croatia: Croatia focuses primarily on its military. Trade routes are strengthened after and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the King and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HKRM (Hrvatska Kraljevska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the Tsar. The Tsar issues an organizational reform, hoping to effectively improve the administrative divisions and making sure that the power of the nobility is finally obliterated. Moreover, Croatia declares war on Hungary and fights alongside Austria and Dacia. Sending fifteen thousand of the best the Tsardom has to offer, Croats march to defeat the Hungarians and establish dominance over them.
    • Dacian Advisors: We remind Croatia to bring Siege Equipment.
    • Croatia: Does indeed bring the siege equipment, albeit later than expected because of projectile supply issues. This causes the initial attack of the Croat forces to go slower than planned.
  • County of Oldenburg: An influx of immigrants means that Neu Norderney expands for the first time in decades. It expands 200 px down the coast. The economy improves a bit.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The University sends a small group of professors and students to the Dauphine sandpit to study and record the giant remains.
  • Mongol Khanate: The Mongols continue to expand their economy.
  • Tibet: Buddhist temples are continuing to be built. Roads are continuing to be fixed so that travelers on the silk roads can easily get to our nation. Our own version of the arquebus gun is being made. Farming is our most important industry. We mine resources in our caves. We ask the people of our nation if they can help increase the population. The military is increasing due to new training that has been made. This new training is line infantry training with marching aspects. The military is becoming bigger due to new tech and more people joining. We start to vassal Si Chuan, Yun Nan, and Uighur.
    • Nepal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Chutiya: We build up our military and economy.
    • Shan States: We build up our military and economy.
    • No vassalization, period. -Feud 
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: The war with the Eastern Cree is over, provoking celebration across the nation. The newly returned troops continue to train in European tactics, while rearming with weapons made locally and purchased from Oldenburg. The spread of the Latinized Cree alphabet continues, with books including the Bible, classical works such by Plutarch, Plato, Caesar and others, and modern works now translated. Many learn to read, as it is now necessary for advancement in the government. Efforts to unite with the Moose Cree continue (Turn Fourteen of Twenty) continue. Christianity continues to spread; for the first time, a Sachem converts to the new religion. Settlers continue to move south, where the land is proving excellent for farming, expanding the nation 5000 km. Potatoes, wheat and cassina are cultivated in huge quantities here to supply the growing population. Winipakw expands 500 km. The new fleet continues to improve trade, especially with Europe, during summer months, and a new ship is completed this year, bringing the fleet to a total of 17 ships.
    • Nemaska: Now a part of the Nehilaw Sachemate following the war with the Eastern Cree, Nemaska works to rebuild its infrastructure and economy from the war. Modern farming techniques are introcuded to supply a population of about 75,000, while a military of 500 is created. This military is, of course, made up entirely of Nehilaw troops now garrisoned in the new vassal, but recruitment of local troops begins immediately, all this activity expands the economy.
  • Tawatinsuyu: Military, navy and economy improve. The Inca government begins to quash the National's attacks against the Empire. Roughly 5% of the Inca population supports the nationals, with another 60% supporting the government. The remaining 30% are neutral. Population across the empire hits 1,800,000. Qusqo is currently the largest city, (160,000), followed by Peru (69,000), Machu Picchu (52,000), Chimu (27,000) and Sican (23,000). The Inca begin to push east as well. The areas taken in the push east are organized into the Willkapampa Wamani. The areas between the Wanka Wamani and Chimorsuyu are also incorporated into the empire. The total size of the army hits 29,000. Apeac I gives birth to his third child child, a daughter, who dies shortly after birth along with the child's mother. Cava hits the age of 13 while Apeac II hits age 8. The number of districts, or Wamani, in the empire is ten. They are, in decreasing order of population: Hanan Qosqo (410,000), Hurin Qosquo (266,000), Hurin Nazca (110,000), Wanka (109,000), Hanan Nazca (102,000), Hurin Chimor (98,000), Anti Chimo, (90,000), Aymara (66,000), Willkapampa (45,000), and La Paz (28,000). The four quarters, or Suyu of the empire, in decreasing order of population, are: Cuzco Suyu  (755,000),  Chimor Suyu (168,000), Nazca Suyu (282,000), and Aymara Suyu (67,000). Not every district falls under one of the Suyu. Following an attack on the La Paz settlement, it comes under direct control of the Inca government. The southern border expands to absorb it, making it into the La Paz district. The capital is founded as New Burgundy, to represent a large French minority in the empire, in OTL La Paz. Representing the large German minority, city with the creation of the Hesperian League, the Inca economy begins to expand and ties with Vorlyclayr and the Zapotec begin to deepen. Following the deepening ties with Spain, the Nationalist movement re-emerges, mostly in the eastern frontier. Having received ships from Spain, the Inca Navy is formed and the First Fleet of the Inca is christened. We thank Spain for the loan and we begin to reconstruct Hurin Nazca. "The Great Plague" makes a re-emergence in the Eastern and Western most districts, stunning growth outside of Cuzco Suyu.
    • Chiribaya Wamani: The Inca occupation of Chiribaya ends as a new capital is formed. The Capital is named Chirbaya Qosqo, (Chiribaya Central) and is located in OTL Tacna. Population of the nation hits 300,000. The Army of Chiribaya Wamani is formed, replacing the old Chiribaya War Band. Military, navy and economy improve. Chiribaya Qosqo is developed and the city of New Gibraltar is founded in OTL Monquegua. Population of Chiribaya Qosqo hits 50,000, while the population of New Gibraltar hits 35,000
  • Raigama: Military, economy, navy, and infrastructure are improved. As the black market booms, Samir II lowers tariffs and taxes on traded goods to encourage growth on the legal market. Traders begin to come back to Raigama. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Raigama. Taking a different approach from his father, and trying to avoid another recession, Samir II begins to invest in a very small navy of larger ships. The new king also orders that all official affairs to be handled in the more reliable Dutch Guilder. The king also orders Rajakaas to be officially decommissioned and removed (melted). The Raigama army increases, more of the army is given Dutch military training, and old Dutch weapons. Population increases. The navy is ordered to explore more around India. King Samir II continues to allow the building of naval bases and trade posts in Raigama. Samir II also supports the Dutch military operations in Kotte. Raigman and Kottan schools begin to teach the language of Dutch, and subjects influenced by western schools.
    • Kotte: Kotte mainly increases its economy and infrastructure. The Kotte Army increases, and are given training and weapons like the Raigaman army. King Samir also orders Kotte currency to be decommissioned. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Kotte. The number of rebellious citizens in Kotte continues to lower due to the Dutch military operations.
    • Nava Kotte: Due to mostly Dutch funding of the colony, Nava Kotte now covers the whole island. Nava Kotte becomes a good trade post, used in trading with Ayutthaya, Dai Viet, and Dutch colonies in Indonesia. The colony assembles a very miniscule armed force to defend the island.
  • |onte: Continues to have a large surplus of grain and rice. Though adopting "western farming", the idea of "the tribe" is still very much so alive, as people always share the crops they have grown, or the animals they have hunted amongst the community. Due to the policy of planting tree groves, desert reclamation has started taking serious effect in some parts of |onte. This year has resulted in sixty elephants being killed. A new expansion of the elephant pen has begun. |onte's population rises to over 2,090,000. The city of Kunene, the city of marble, reaches almost 100,000 people. Mon VII takes on the expansion north 300 sq km (6 pixels) a year with the Eheresito hu Kunene. Mon V brings books from |onte to !Xoonte as a gift, and a few gifts of ivory hoping to improve relations with their King, and spread |on culture. Mon V begins teaching the King of Zimbabwe about the many wonders of literature and |on, along with giving him many gifts. So Kuneneli offers to sell the rest of his paintings to the British. It has become the fashion, in Kunene, for men to go without the traditional loincloth, and embrace masculinity. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX is intrigued by the concept of laws
  • Roman Empire: Tragically, Theodore III dies this year, and on his deathbed feels like a failure. Despite this, he is loved by the vast majority of his subjects, and even the Borealian natives and the Serbs hold some fondness for him. His son Thomas takes the throne after a coronation involving the traditional Iron Crown, Bridle, and Lance, becoming Thomas II. Different from his father, Thomas II is much more concerned about the internal stability of the Empire and its territory, and as such is committed to resolving such issues. He orders an inspection of all military fortifications in Greece, Albania, Phoenicia, and Taurica to ensure that they are all properly garrisoned and fortified. He also expands the networks of forts in Anatolia, and increases the number of troops garrisoned in Anatolian territories. Continuing the policies of his father, Greeks are encouraged to move to Anatolia, and refounded settlements like Prussia, Illium and Ephesus begin to grow again as a result. Thomas II continues his father's policies of converting the Berbers in Cyrenaica to Christianity, offering those who do lower taxes and political incentives. Previous policies are kept with Turkic inhabitants of Roman territories, however, few Turks actually leave, amounting to maybe a few hundred every year. However, Thomas II discovers that his father was so focused on European interests that the Empire's colonies are largely defenseless, and makes efforts to change this. Fortifications are already present at Atlantis and Socotra, but other than that, the colonies are largely void of such defenses. Forts are, therefore, built in Roanoke, Powhatan, Delaware, and Yamasee, defending vital colonial cities like Reme, Avelinia, and Patropolis. Reme gets the most of the defenses, with twin forts guarding the sound, as well as small outposts outfitted with cannon on the outer banks. Reme is also equipped with a shipyard and armory to provide the troops stationed there with adequate weaponry and transport. At the colony of Antillia, fortified outposts are also constructed and equipped with cannon. The same happens in Malabar. To further expand the security of these colonies, relations with the Borealian natives are made a priority, and commitments with the Powhatan, Delaware, Taino, and Yamasee natives are extended. Roman officers train the natives in European tactics, and some educated natives are invited to take part in the government of the colonies. While this does help expand support amongst the natives, the ones in the interior are still hostile to Roman interests, and as such the Empire holds off. These improvements are largely possible thanks to an expansion of the Roman economy and the new quantity of trade goods available. Trade with Urdustan provides gems, opium, cannabis, and cotton to European markets, supplementing the rubber and pepper exported by Malabar. In the colonies, cash crops like rice, tobacco, hemp, indigo, and cotton are exported and make a sizable profit, while a few in Antillia begin experimenting with sugarcane. Socotra and Phoenicia provide dyes, and Phoenicia in particular provides high quality lumber such as cedar. Back in the mainland, Greece provides ample quantities of silver, marble, wine, raisins, saffron, fish, and olive oil. Constantinople, already the silk capital of Europe, expands its considerable trade influence and wealth. Whereas Theodore III sought to expand the Empire to its previous borders, Thomas II seems determined to make sure the gains of the last century are not lost. Serbia begins to merge into the Empire's government, and already the region begins to see some benefits. The cheaper tariffs on Serbia's iron ore helps out Serbian merchants, while the population grows thanks to increased and cheaper food imports.
    • Reme: Fortifications continue to be built, especially in cities like Reme, Avelinia and Patrapolis. Cash crops, like tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo, are continued to be planted in newly acquired area from expansion. Young men, about the number of 700, are given training to join the Roman navy and military back in Europe. The colony is re-inforced with about five ships, some of them galleons and frigates, and 1000 Roman soldiers. While the colony is split up by Hamburg's colony, a series of roads are constructed to help the colonists move around. A few small outposts are constructed throughout the colony to help prevent highwaymen from appearing. Native militias are further trained and equipped with Roman military ordnance. Faced with increased piracy in the area, the colonial authorities decide to act. Unable to target the pirates that take refuge inside New Pomerania, the colonial fleets decide it would be better to limit their ability to hide. Roman fleets travel around the region of the Seminole and destroy pirate bases where they are found. To further protect the gains from the previous year, a fortress is constructed in the OTL Tampa Bay area and more outposts are constructed along the keys. Existing outposts are further fortified as the Empire continues to expand there. While not intended to be a settler colony, some people begin to move in, seeking new land to farm cash crops on and to live. As existing settlements are consolidated, no further inland expansion occurs, as it is presently too dangerous to expand farther than the coastal forts or outposts.
  • Empire of Urdustan: Several Urdu merchants continue to sponsor gem mines in the Mogok area of Ava, due to the high concentration of gems such as rubies, sapphires, garnets and moonstones, and the first of many mines begin to return with more successes. Financial loans continue to be given to Bahmani and Jaunpur. Merchants also travel exclusively to Multan, Sind, Ladakh, and Kangra. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase in scholars and literacy in our nation. Construction of ships based upon Castilian designs, granted to us by them, continues, in order to further our efforts to explore and trade. New crops continue to enter into several plantations, opium and cannabis. With the increasing popularity of wood-block printing, works in Urdu/Hindi are created and stored in large amounts, in order to further cement the change in Urdustan. Efforts to better the military continue with a mandatory rearming of the noble levies, with the Emperor offering to pay half the costs per noble, and with any noble refusing to do so, being met with increasingly less beneficial trade interaction by other nobles and foreign merchants. The Islamitization of Urdustan continues from an increase in missionary activity. The first address the issue of the diminishing currency, the Urdustani Taka is implemented upon all the vassals, as it wasn't previously to facilitate better interior trade with vassals. To increase our coffers in the wake of this financial mess, the Urdustani Emperor implements a "Jewel Tax", in which gems, that come from abroad, or from Ava, are taxed when they are sold, or imported, or exported. To better specialize, and economize the Urdustani economy, we begin to sponsor specific locations for specific crops, such as rice and tobacco in the Bengal region, Indigo in the Gurjurat region, potatos in Vijaynagar, etc. The Emperor's two children continue their education by both native Indian teachers, and by European advisors. Translation of many works of art, poetry, or books, from native, cultural languages, begins to strengthen the Urdu and Hindi speakers in an effort to break some linguistic and cultural barriers. The first of the princes, Biga kamīnē, is declared the current Emperor, taking the name of Bhārata kā asalī rājakumāra. The second prince, passed over by the اردو کی زمین رائل گرین گارڈز, is given a position of high esteem, Urdū kī bhūmi kī ucca rājadūta. The اردو کی زمین رائل گرین گارڈز continue to monitor and council the young Emperor.
    • Rajya of Orissa (Uṛīsā kē rājya, اڑیسہ کی بادشاہی): Training of levies by Urdustani advisors continues, as well as cash crop cultivations.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa (Grēṭara asama kē rājya, گریٹر آسام کی بادشاہی): The Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. The land reclamation, having been going on for decades, is extremely successful in creating viable farmland for rice, grain and other staple crops, increasing Kamarupa's population and their yearly trade output. Training of levies by Urdustani advisors continues.
    • Rayja of Vijaynagara (وجینگر کی بادشاہی, Vijayanagara kē rājya): Nobles of Vijaynagara are now known as Urdustani Nobles, rather than simply Vijaynagara nobles. This enforces Urdustani rule over the nobility of Vijaynagara, but also allows them to fluidly move and act within all parts of Urdustan, rather than just Vijaynagara. Shipments of European weapons are diverted from Urdustani markets due to their increasingly commonness within Urdustani armies, so as to allow Vijaynagara to also have better access to advanced weapons.
  • The Grand Prince of Pskov continues to institute control over Conquered Livonia with his Armies. His armies continue to enforce their rule in the regions that Pskov has created new vassal principalities in. . Although most occupied territory remains unorganized, most people believe that new definite borders will be carved out soon enough. Several proposals are put forward. The Pskov economic boom continues, and some people try to suplant the agricultural revolution with Incan farming techniques imported from Hispania. Imported crops form the new world begin an even greater economic boom. Average wages have risen almost 7% since the 1590s. The Rapid economic growth can be attributed to the large increase in internal production, which continues this year since merchants are able to supplant their fortunes with spoils of war from Livonia. Pskovian trade rapidly increases and the amount of trade it gets, and the Veche gives the PIC a monopoly on Asian trade coming and going into and out of Pskovian ports. The Grand Prince invites all of his allies to the capital of Pskov for the celebration of his elevation to Grand PRince, amongst invitees are the King of Prussia, the Emperor of Hispania, the Emperor of the Tatary, the Emperor of Scandinavia, the Mayan King, the Roman Emperor,
    • The Republic of Narva: Vetcheslav Svyatogorovich Volkov continues to enforce his rule using the Pskovian garrison left behind for his personal use. The slow transition to a democracy stats with the insitution of a charter of rights. Reforms are promised to coinside with Pskov's envisioned reforms The Pskvoian soldiers stay in the city to act as a sort of local garrison and police force. Although they become light rulers, leaving the city to its own business, the local garrison of about 2000 soldiers goes out to consolidate territory in the more Russian-speaking regions of the Republic of Narva, which do so because of heavy influence from the neighbouring Pskov, and are more likely to accept Pskovian Rulers. Meanwhile, the necessary infrastructure is set up in order for Narva to transition from a temporary military government to a full Democratic Pskov-like republic.
    • The Republic of Talins: Prince Gunnar Rebane, a good friend of Stepan Lavrov, continues to use the Pskovian garrison to enforce his new rule in Livonia. Although H consolidates more and more territory, and negotiations are opened with Prussia as to a division of the spoils of war. The Estonian populace is somewhat happier now as they are free to speak their language and practive their culture. A charter of rights, similar to the one in Pskov, is enacted by the interim autocratic government, and promises soon an institution of democracy.
    • The Pskov Imperial Company: Continues to integrate Livonia's colonies into its command structure. They leave most of the local magisters in their own places, but make sure that other things happen and whatnot, so they profit off of their lands. The Pskov Imperial Company sends another expedition to Africa due to their illustrious spoils of war. Spiced Rum becomes better and better as it ages, and many people make it in their homes as a cheap alcoholic beverage as most people farm sugarcane, or spices, or both, and trade them for the other. The Pskov Imperial Company Sets up a small treasury in the Town of Novopskovsk. The capital of the Old Livonian colonies in the Lesser Antillies is renamed Novostovsk, and serves as the local Lieutenant-Namestnik (the old governor of the Livonian colonies) residence. Rum begins to be sold all around Europe, and an office is established in Reval. With a new colonial base to draw from, the Pskovian colonial settlements grow their maximum on the Bahamas Islands, as the regions become more and more packed.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1615, Bavaria expands its economy. The population continues to rise. King Franz-Albert II, aged 49, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. The Curia Bavaria order the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction in Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with  Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, and Scandinavia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice, and a future union with Hesse and currently a dynastic union with the Palatinate. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. In domestic news, King Franz-Albert II continues to attempt the propagation of the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 20% of Bavaro-Germany secondary speakers in Saxony and Wurzburg, as well as a slew of minority speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 10,000 remaining in Saxony, and 15,000 in Thuringia. Starting in 1595, several high Saxon nobles are displaced, mostly by having their titles and lands revoked, and given out to Bavarian nobility. In 1607, the question of Franz-Albert's marriage is no longer an issue, as it becomes apparent that he will not marry. Furthermore, rumors of the King being gay are an open secret. That in itself is not an issue to most courtiers or councillors. However, many detractors, many in Greater Saxony, continue to criticize the King and use the rumor to their full advantages. In September, Franz-Albert II makes the decision to recognize his younger brother Johann, born 1576, as his heir. Johann already has six children, in order of age, Maria-Sofia, Isabella, Leopold, Karl, and Catherine.
    • Grand Duchy of Landshut: Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. The Curia Bavaria continue to operate. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Munchen: By 1615, Queen Isabell University continues to grow. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Collegiate Writs begin to draw more men to college.
    • Duchy of Straubing: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Duchy of Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County Burgau: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Nurnburg Incident continues to remain in memory, having put the country into a startled stupor for the majority of 1561.
    • County of Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Bamberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Greater Saxony: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Adalbert II normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion. Adalbert II dies in 1599, and the Saxon throne passes to Franz-Albert II.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Duchy of Swabia-Württemberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Franz-Albert is proclaimed as Duke of Swabia-Württemberg.
    • Nei Baiern: The colony of Nei Baiern, reaching a population of 2100, expands this year. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, and Bayreuth all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. In 1595, the settlement of Bayreuth is founded in Jülichsberg in early March. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 250 sq km northward up the Wilhelmsbaum coast, 250 sq km around the south end of the island onto the Pacific coast, 50 sq km on the mainland eastward of Jülichsberg, 100 sq km southward onto the smaller island south of Katharinas-Hafen, and a final 100 sq km northward, past Jülichsberg, up the coast of mainland Borealia. In governmental news, Edmund von Jülich and Elisabeth von Habsburg-Wittelsbach continue to be married.
  • Prussia: This turn is dedicated to economy. Naval shipyards are expanded and we begin producing warships and transports. Trade continues with our neighbors and allies. Our colonies of Neu Franken and the Zollern Insels in Borealia continue to expand. The population continues to grow from the introduction of new Borealian crops into Prussia and the frequent trade our trade posts in the New World have opened up. New warships are built regularly, and several new drydocks and shipyards are created or expanded to facilitate the production or repair of large ships. We continue to influence Osel-Wiek and Courland.
    • Estland: This turn is dedicated to economy. We begin training a small force to protect the duchy, supplemented by a Prussian garrison in the region. The region also begins rebuilding, repairing infrastructure and farmland destroyed or damage in recent wars.
    • Riga: This turn is dedicated to economy. The Archbishopic of Riga begins improving the fortifications and defensive structures of the city. Riga Castle is repaired and expanded, with a large military garrison stationed to protect the city from attack or raids. A large dock is also built and expanded to facilitate larger quantities of trade ships. Trade into the city continues to flourish, becoming one of the most important trade cities in the Baltic Sea region.
    • Livonia: This turn is dedicated to economy. King George I is officially crowned as Duke of Livonia, placing the nation in personal union. Military forces are moved into the region to keep the peace, and major forts and castles are garrisoned and repaired. A crackdown against Livonian resistance begins, and the spread of German culture is reinstituted.
    • Zollern Insels: This turn is dedicated to economy. We begin repairing from the war with Livonia, and all territories seized from Livonia are relinquished to the Republic of Pskov. A number of settlements continue to grow and expand, and new docks, fortifications, and other structures continue to be expanded. With experience from the war, a proper military begins training, albeit small and for defensive purposes. Trade ships continue to reach the many ports of the Zollern Insels, and military ships are garrisoned in the area to cut back on piracy and protect trade.
    • Neu Franken: This turn is dedicated to economy. We continue to expand into mainland Florida, and begin training forces to combat hostile natives.

1616

The first ever recorded eruption of Mayon Volcano in the Philippines is observed by Spanish settlers in the region. Also this year is the first recorded eruption of Manam Volcano (erupting frequently since), forming a 10 km wide island in the OTL Bismarck Sea, 13 km off the coast of OTL Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern part of the Pacific Ring of Fire.

  • Hamburg-Holstein-Mecklenburg: Duke Karl commissions several new infrastructure projects, including the construction of roads and aqueducts. The secret privateer services prove worthwhile, with the captains reporting several dozen merchant ships sunk. The program begins to have its desired effect too: merchants, noticing the targeting of Scandinavian shipping, begin defecting. Many come to Hamburg, but rumors spread of merchants defecting to Pskov and Prussia.
    • Duchy of Stade: Military and economy expanded.
    • Prince-Archbishopric of Münster: Military and economy expanded.
  • Prussia: This turn is dedicated to economy. Naval shipyards are expanded and we begin producing warships and transports. Trade continues with our neighbors and allies. Our colonies of Neu Franken and the Zollern Insels in Borealia continue to expand. The population continues to grow from the introduction of new Borealian crops into Prussia and the frequent trade our trade posts in the New World have opened up. New warships are built regularly, and several new drydocks and shipyards are created or expanded to facilitate the production or repair of large ships. We continue to influence Osel-Wiek and Courland.
    • Estland: This turn is dedicated to economy. We begin training a small force to protect the duchy, supplemented by a Prussian garrison in the region. The region also begins rebuilding, repairing infrastructure and farmland destroyed or damage in recent wars.
    • Riga: This turn is dedicated to economy. The Archbishopic of Riga begins improving the fortifications and defensive structures of the city. Riga Castle is repaired and expanded, with a large military garrison stationed to protect the city from attack or raids. A large dock is also built and expanded to facilitate larger quantities of trade ships. Trade into the city continues to flourish, becoming one of the most important trade cities in the Baltic Sea region.
    • Livonia: This turn is dedicated to economy. King George I is officially crowned as Duke of Livonia, placing the nation in personal union. Military forces are moved into the region to keep the peace, and major forts and castles are garrisoned and repaired. A crackdown against Livonian resistance begins, and the spread of German culture is reinstituted.
    • Zollern Insels: This turn is dedicated to economy. We begin repairing from the war with Livonia, and all territories seized from Livonia are relinquished to the Republic of Pskov. A number of settlements continue to grow and expand, and new docks, fortifications, and other structures continue to be expanded. With experience from the war, a proper military begins training, albeit small and for defensive purposes. Trade ships continue to reach the many ports of the Zollern Insels, and military ships are garrisoned in the area to cut back on piracy and protect trade.
    • Neu Franken: This turn is dedicated to economy. We continue to expand into mainland Florida, and begin training forces to combat hostile natives.
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the naus continue being used. Naval explorations directed to the west continue. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz expands north by 2500 sq km. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz. Meanwhile, pau-brasil (brazilwood) starts to be extracted in the colony.
  • Damascan Sultanate:  Sulimen IV rules as Sultan, now aging at 39. His uncle, Sulimen III now aging at 70, continues ruling over in Kurdistan. Sulimen IV promotes migration to Damascus as it now numbers 419,000. Damascus has grown huge now, and continues to as it is now the largest city in the Damascan Sultanate. The military is expanded. Antioch's population grows to 276,000. Sulimen IV requests a wife to rule his nation with him. The people continue to rally toward Islam. In Kurdistan, the Turks begin to slow their chaotic behavior with the arquebus equipped Janissaries entering the newly conquered territory. We begin vassalizing the Karamanian Sultanate (Turn Seven of Eight). As an Arab nation now begins to enter the land with good Turk relation the people seem to be happier. Sulimen III starts implementing more of the Qu'ran into the law in Kurdistan, people begin taking a liking to it. Spices and salt are sent to the Malaccan Sultanate. We continue modernizing and upgrading our guns. We receive more ships (snaphaunces) from Malacca in return for glass and textiles. We begin developing and advancing our weaponry, the old lever lock guns are being replaced slowly with Arquebuses. We begin building ships in the Red and Mediterranean Sea. The total census of the Damascan Sultanate has risen to 25.7 million. A port is still given haven to any travels and any merchants the Romanians may have. The navy is upgraded, and we begin building our ships to be more like the old Dutch model given to us by the Malaccan Sultanate. Karaman and Damascus begin to become friends again, as the governments see their wrongdoings, all Turks are promised haven in Damascan lands once again and won't be moved to foreign nations. Karaman, being the most Arab, therefore becomes closer to Damascus, and Diyabakir begins to take shine to the sultanate. Ankara remains strongly independent, as having the largest Turkic population, and will not be as easily swayed. The Sultan dies. UIN council meets in Baghdad, to vote for a new leader. 
    • Azerbaijan (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): The northern land is given to the Tartary, due to their good relations and acceptance and tolerance of Islam. Military expands. The region continues merging into the Damascan Sultanate. Azerbaijan continues to merge into the Damascan Sultanate, particularly the Kurdistan regent.
    • Palestine (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): A census is taken to find the population of Jerusalem alone. Jerusalem holds a total of 292,000. And slowly falls with the fighting between the Jews, Muslims and Christians. The people feel safe, yet also principled with the forces now in the city. As the city has fully been repaired, the military is expanded training Muslim militias. Sultan Sulimen IV, leader of the Damascan Sultanate, announces that Jerusalem will continue to be a unified city for all religions, and all are welcome to use the city for religious purposes.
    • Yimennendahla: Trade becomes large throughout the state. A census is taken totaling: 40,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Aleppraqht: Trade is swimming through the streets as the largest city in the land gain. Trade increased with Yemen and trade now extravagantly reaching Africa. Census is taken totaling: 55,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Jivadier: Trade is largely based on Yemen, Mansuriyya and Somalia/Eritrea. Census is taken totaling: 45,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Dhubab: The new port colony in Yemen bought from the Romanians remains to be a key focal point for the exit of the Philadelphi Canal. Economy and navy expand.
  • Empire of Urdustan: Several Urdu merchants continue to sponsor gem mines in the Mogok area of Ava, due to the high concentration of gems such as rubies, sapphires, garnets and moonstones, and the first of many mines begin to return with more successes. Financial loans continue to be given to Bahmani and Jaunpur. Merchants also travel exclusively to Multan, Sind, Ladakh, and Kangra. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase in scholars and literacy in our nation. Construction of ships based upon Castilian designs, granted to us by them, continues, in order to further our efforts to explore and trade. New crops continue to enter into several plantations, opium and cannabis. With the increasing popularity of wood-block printing, works in Urdu/Hindi are created and stored in large amounts, in order to further cement the change in Urdustan. Efforts to better the military continue with a mandatory rearming of the noble levies, with the Emperor offering to pay half the costs per noble, and with any noble refusing to do so, being met with increasingly less beneficial trade interaction by other nobles and foreign merchants. The Islamitization of Urdustan continues from an increase in missionary activity. The first address the issue of the diminishing currency, the Urdustani Taka is implemented upon all the vassals, as it wasn't previously to facilitate better interior trade with vassals. To increase our coffers in the wake of this financial mess, the Urdustani Emperor implements a "Jewel Tax", in which gems, that come from abroad, or from Ava, are taxed when they are sold, or imported, or exported. To better specialize, and economize the Urdustani economy, we begin to sponsor specific locations for specific crops, such as rice and tobacco in the Bengal region, Indigo in the Gurjurat region, potatos in Vijaynagar, etc. The Emperor's two children continue their education by both native Indian teachers, and by European advisors. Translation of many works of art, poetry, or books, from native, cultural languages, begins to strengthen the Urdu and Hindi speakers in an effort to break some linguistic and cultural barriers. The first of the princes, Biga kamīnē, is declared the current Emperor, taking the name of Bhārata kā asalī rājakumāra. The second prince, passed over by the اردو کی زمین رائل گرین گارڈز, is given a position of high esteem, Urdū kī bhūmi kī ucca rājadūta. The اردو کی زمین رائل گرین گارڈز continue to monitor and council the young Emperor.
    • Rajya of Orissa (Uṛīsā kē rājya, اڑیسہ کی بادشاہی): Training of levies by Urdustani advisors continues, as well as cash crop cultivations.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa (Grēṭara asama kē rājya, گریٹر آسام کی بادشاہی): The Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. The land reclamation, having been going on for decades, is extremely successful in creating viable farmland for rice, grain and other staple crops, increasing Kamarupa's population and their yearly trade output. Training of levies by Urdustani advisors continues.
    • Rayja of Vijaynagara (وجینگر کی بادشاہی, Vijayanagara kē rājya): Nobles of Vijaynagara are now known as Urdustani Nobles, rather than simply Vijaynagara nobles. This enforces Urdustani rule over the nobility of Vijaynagara, but also allows them to fluidly move and act within all parts of Urdustan, rather than just Vijaynagara. Shipments of European weapons are diverted from Urdustani markets due to their increasingly commonness within Urdustani armies, so as to allow Vijaynagara to also have better access to advanced weapons.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 3900 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand eastward by 700 sq km. The government decides to move on the Dutch reformists by allowing them to remain on the French territory, however, putting some taxes for allowing them free passage in French land. However, the French government makes clear that their beliefs are with Catholicism and that any attempt of violent expansion will be considered as an act of aggression and hence the Dutch-Wallon reformist may be persecuted. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans in the area of OTL Cundinamarca in the search of the Aureana - a city made of gold - in the vicinity of several lakes. Although not finding the city lots of gold gods are found and sent to France in order to boost the economy back on its feet. Mining begins in the Pirouien mountains and the region of Equatoriale Province for gold and silver though only a few are found. The colony of Nouvelle Orleans divides in five provinces New Orleans OTL northern Colombia and Antioquia Sableville in North Western Venezuela, Equatoriale in southwest Colombia and Aurienne in the central areas and Emeraldia in central eastern Colombia. After years of ignoring an important part of the treaty, France decides helping Austria to rebuild initiating in the area of Tyrol and Western Austria. Due to close proximity to French Rhineland gold begins entering the economy of the country from Colombian and Peruvian mines. A colony is established. Saint Louis d'Africa continues expanding by 500 sq km and 200 sq km in Kenya. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The peasant revolt is ignored for now, although it proves the king that he may need to enforce a new politic in the rural-most areas of France. We declare war on Bayoogoulaa.
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Rhineland officially withdraws from the HRE after the council votes 65 against 35 for withdrawing from the HRE, the council begins creating a constitution based on both German and French laws to establish within the area of the kingdom. Sends aid to the French in the Bayoogoulaa war.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Freibourg and Valais are withdrawn from the HRE following the withdrawal from the Rhineland.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • French Mali: Military and economy are built up.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
  • Westphalia: Franz Herschel, who is now widely known and respected as one of the great Westphalian composers, writes another song, with very controversial lyrics. Franz, a Westphalian
    Die Wacht am Rhein (English Subtitle)04:40

    Die Wacht am Rhein (English Subtitle)

    patriot from the city of Cologne, writes 'Die Wacht am Rhein'. The song describes soldiers defending the Rhine (inferring hostility toward the French) and calling the Rhine rightly German. It says the Rhine must all be German again and must be retaken from the French. One verse specifically says that soldiers are willing to die to keep the Rhine from the French. King Moritz I severely condemns this song, saying it is meant to disturb relations with France, and provoke another war. However, many people in Westphalia, particularly along the western border who live next to France and on the Rhine, love the song. It soon becomes a patriotic song about defending the Rhine from the dirty French. The nobility is severely worried this could upset relations with France. Westphalian merchants and travellers who go west sing this song, particularly in the French Rhineland. The problem soon becomes too much to control, and the song is officially banned by many of the nobles, however, nobles around the Rhine begin to like this song, and encourage it. An official letter of apology from Moritz I is sent to France.
  • Wu China: Trying to recover from the chaos, we start to focus on economy. We focus primarily on land, and not so much on a naval force. We allow the continuous construction, building a dry-dock in the city. Our economy and infrastructure increase.
  • Vorlayacor: Mapuche relocation from the south slows as Hispania treats Mapuche people more fairly under the Hesperian League's mandates. Regardless, the influx of population begins to really catalyze the economy, leading to more manufacturing of iron, pottery, ships, and even books; logging and agriculture remain prominent economic forces. Northwest expansion continues. Mathematicians at the University of Vorlayacor continue their studies.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo and Ulsan.
  • Ayutthaya: Our primary goal is to continue developing strong ports and modernise our navy. Technology used from Spain and the Netherlands is used to make stronger and more effective ships, while our vast gunpowder supply benefits our weaponry. Our military continues to modernise and we focus on developing the strongest and most up to date soldiers along with effective weaponry and armour. The population of Ayutthaya continues to grow and many suburbs in Ayutthaya are expanded. More farmland is build in rural areas and trade routes are grown. One more large warship is built to help strengthen our navy. Schools in Ayutthaya begin teaching mathamatics and many European languages begin to be used as a second language. (This are mainly Spanish and Dutch). Many European inspired subjects begin to take hold in our schools and students can now study basic cartography and sciences.
    • Lanna: The population of Lanna continues to become happy with the vassalisation of their land. Lanna City begins having new market growth after trade with Bengal is opened through their border. Military presence in Lanna is still high and we continue to develop schools and markets to help the economy of the region thrive.
    • Ayutthayan Nicobar: Our navy continues to use the Nicobar as an outpost where they can be repaired and restocked. The Thai population of the Nicobar grow and the native Nicobar people continue to thrive on the island of Teressa and Bompoka where their culture is supported by us. More schools and facilities are built on Nicobar to help support our population of the islands.
    • Aceh: While protesters continue to be a problem for the vassalisation of the region, we make sure that all Thai in the region are not disturbed and we set up many military posts. We spend a large sum of money making sure the region doesn't become out of control and that the Ayutthayan government can maintain its ruling position over their lands. A naval base is made where our ships can dock and repair. Larger cities of the region continue to attract more Thai people from Ayutthaya. Large amounts of traders are attracted to the region for Saltpetre exports, where they are exchanged for local herbs and spices.
  • County of Oldenburg: The military is expanded. Neu Norderney expands 200 px down the coast as more settlers create new settlements along the coast.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The economy improves.
  • Mansuryian Sultanate: The Ten-Year Plan of military build up and construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad is finally complete, and thus Sultan Amir's dream has come true. With this dream finally realized, he dies, and thus his 18 year old son takes over, Sultan Abdul-Muhaimin Ibn Nuquad and thus there is a Coronation held for the new Sultan. As a result of the Ten Year Military Build Up, Construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad, and Coronation of Sultan Abuil-Muhalmin Ibn Nuquad, there is a massive parade in the centre of Baghdad. As a result of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad being complete, there is a massive revival of Sunni Islam, which is called The Great Revival. As such, we now believe we must spread Islam and the Mosque Model everywhere, thus fueling our imperialism.) We also seek to colonize Eastern Africa in order to bring Islam and the Mosque Model there. Infra turn. With our nation being re-established 80 years ago, there is a grand parade held in the center of Baghdad, celebrating 70 years of Manusurryian History, and many reflect on what has happened. (Purges, The Mosque Model, The Great Safavid Union and War, The UIN, the Interim Government, Sultan Amir's reign of peace, and the current reign under Sultan Abul)With this being the case, we elect Sultan Abul-Muhailim as the new leading Sultan of the UIN).
  • Mansurryian General Dip: We consider the Ankaran proposal. We humbly and graciously thank the Empire of Urdustan for allowing us to be the only selected special trading partner in the UIN in the Declaration of 1593. Now that the year is 1600, we open up Milh, the Alexandrian Omanese trade enclave near OTL Adu Dubai, which sells many domestic goods and goods from the Urdustani Empire. In order to use the the Port of Milh, there will have to be negotiations in order to use the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) since we have complete control over the Gulf.
  • Mansurryian-Yemeni Dip: We request that in return for Masirah Island complete access to the Manssuryian Gulf and the Port of Milh, we get  OTL Djibuti and the very tip of the Horn of Somalia, as well as access to ports and trading rights. We thank Yemen for granting us land in the Horn of Africa and Eritrea and we are currently integrating the enclaves into under our jurisdiction, which should be completed next year. We also would like to further negotiate port access.
  • Mansurryian-Romanian Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Romanian Somalia in return for Romanian goods.
    • Romanian Diplomacy: We accept the trade proposal.
  • Mansurryian-Roman Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Roman Eastern Africa in return for Roman goods.
    • Southern Persia: Military build up is complete. We now go back to building up infrastructure.
    • Oman: Infra build up under the Mosque Model continues. Mosques are particularly constructed on the border of the Oman and OTL Saudi Arabia. Infra turn with the Mosque Model complete in Oman, infrastructure and economy booms. We use this new found money to further develop the economy. There is also a huge Sunni Islamic revival, which fuels imperialism.Eco turn.
    • Queshm Island: Infra build up and port construction under the Mosque Model continues. Infra turn.
    • Milh: The Governor was installed one year ago during the transnational period between independence and complete vassalization, and now we are officially under the control of the Mansurryian Sultanate. We are now greeted with the traditional vassalage welcome of the Sultanate-Implementation of the Mosque Model. Infra turn. With our unique blend of Omanese and Alexandrian culture, we are known as a safe haven for Christians in the Sultanate. We are also known hustling and bustling trading port in the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) and we start to receive Urdustani goods from the exclusive trade offer established between Mansurryia (as well as the Indian League, Hispania, and Rome) during the Declaration of 1593.Now that it is the year 1600, we open up our port, Milh, access will be proposed, negotiated, accepted, or declined under Mansurryian diplomacy.
    • New Baghdad: As a result of the land exchange for Masirah and trading rights, Yemen cedes part of Yemeni Eritrea to us, consisting of OTL Djibouti, and we found the port city of New Baghdad (OTL Djibouti City) as the colony's capital. The colony of New Baghdad also includes Ali Sabielh, as a sort of inland capital to administer New Baghdad's interior, as well as a jump start point for expansion. The Colonial Governor is in charge of New Baghdad, and is met with the traditional Mansurryian welcome of the Mosque Model. (This is especially symbolic since the Mosque Model was introduced to Old Baghdad (Manssuryian Sultanate) 70 years ago. The Mosque Model works like this: Mosques are the centre of the town, and as the centre of each markets and homes are built around the mosques, thus creating towns. As new towns are created roads are created between them, thus fueling the economy. The money used from the economy boom is used to make new mosques, which makes the cycle go all over again. Other results include rise in Sunni Islam and support for the governor. A plan for a road between New Baghdad and Ali Sabieh is being worked out, as well as a plan to connect Addis Ababa, Ali Sabieh and New Baghdad. Wells, along with mosques, are constructed. We expand 50 px inland. We start trading with Romanian Somalia.
  • Tibet: Buddhist temples are continuing to be built. Roads are continuing to be fixed so that travelers on the silk roads can easily get to our nation. Our own version of the arquebus gun is being made. Farming is our most important industry. We mine resources in our caves. We ask the people of our nation if they can help increase the population. The military is increasing due to new training that has been made. This new training is line infantry training with marching aspects. The military is becoming bigger due to new tech and more people joining.
      • Nepal: We build up our military and economy.
      • Chutiya: We build up our military and economy.
      • Shan States: We build up our military and economy.
  • Hispania: The Spanish populace hovers around 14.2 million and thanks in large part to the implementation of learned Incan farming methods, and the incorporation of some of the new American staple crops into Spanish diet. Population growth, however, is becoming increasingly stunted by many Spaniards - even some of noble birth - immigrating to the colonies and other territories overseas. The immigration of multiple high nobles confuses the parliament and King but allows this to continue seeing it as a way to organize troops and territories further under the Viceroy. The economy, thanks to the aggressive colonialism, continues to expand immensely and the Spanish economy becomes the most powerful in Europe passing the French economy by leaps and bounds with the massive influx of gold, silver and jewels contributing heavily regardless of many of these precious items being non-integrated into the economy and stored. The armed forces continue their push to remain the most modern and begins to build a host of new ships to replace older ones which are sold to its vassals, trade companies and other territories of the Empire. The Empire continues large scale investments into the colonies and overseas territories ensuring loyalty and considerably more profitable, With this and the 200 years of Spanish Colonial history, the Colonies get another wave of mass investment to fund their expansion. Emperor Alejandro dies at the age of 66 with Don Juan de Habsburg age 39 takes over the empire from his departed father as tradition revealing his children Alejandro II, Carlos, Alexis, and Isabella. with Alejandro, Carlos and Alexis being Triplets the first in the royal family's history. As is tradition the secondary male Child given the opportunity to run one of the colonies as Viceroy. At age 10 he is given a mentor and chooses to go to Cape Ferdinand. Alejandro is given the best education but sees little want in military matters focusing more on the arts - focusing on becoming a painter even at such a young age. The Hispanian navy with a new act from Parliament expands the Admiralty creating a tiered ranking system for admirals increasing the organization of the fleet.
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army now consists of 30,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a trade fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships. 15,000 troops are sent with a decent amount being mercenaries.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The New King (King of Spain) is installed on the throne of Lombardy as his military leadership will be needed in the kingdom and the crown is tied with the Spanish one just as the Italian crown is. With this, he begins a process toward rebuilding the economy and military of the kingdom. The military is a raised force of 25,000 with many of them being pro-Spanish Hispanicized Italians which have been rapidly spreading across Italy. The population of Lombardy is at an estimated 1.5 million and counting. The Nation's economy is now in a process of integration into the Hispanian economy.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella. Its military forces are expanded to about 5000.
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavy under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Vatican City is re-instated as the Pope requested a small enclave of the Papacy for himself. Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population is two million. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about 1.5 million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had.
    • Mapuche: The Mapuche people begin to see the first mixed children between Spanish and Mapuche people. The Spanish institute the Ecomienda system. However, the Spanish governor, in order to keep control of the people, orders the Spanish heads of the system to treat the natives fairly in order to prevent mass deaths from overworking and resentment. Spanish farming techniques have definitely prevented starvation as the Mapuche continue to expand toward the coast building a road to connect it all. The Spanish governor, also using the local Mapuche as scouts, is able to expand much more than the Buenos Aires colony and uses this to his advantage to secure more land to be able to turn over to Spanish settlers. The royal governor ramps up expansion for some of the new plantation owners setting up expanding the the territory by 5000 sq km. The population of the Mapuche people is lowly put at about 15,000 with about 40,000 Spanish settlers living within the borders. The sharp increase in Mapuche is purely built out of many Mapuche starting to come back in order to live in peace under the Hesperian league's mandates.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Spanish begin to sponsor settlers in Morelia to begin expanding on the continent down the coast. (5000 sq km). The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.2 million with many living within the Cuba island territory.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand, the mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The Military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha is counted at nearly nine million with the inclusion of large native cities, expansion of the borders farther north, and the immigration of Spaniards. With this, however, a few prominent priests in Hispania have made it quite obvious that the integrated native cities should be left alone outside of tribute collection and troop levies in order to preserve the working potential of their population and prevent disease from totally wiping them out. Many, however, have begun to see a large rise in immunity to diseases such as smallpox. The Tenocha expand by 8000 sq km.
    • Mission of Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the disorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the disorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the Church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezians, unable to select a king from their remaining nobles, delegate to the Queen of Spain (Castile and Aragon) who chooses a man named Antonio Lo Grato to rule as Prince of Venice in place of the Queen of Spain. A well acclaimed and respected man, he immediately enacts reforms. The Venezian economy with access to the Spanish economy begins to recover and for the first time in years due to this. The Venezians begins its long road to naval recovery and begins to use its vast knowledge to begin building ships not only for itself but acquires the blueprints to improve on Spanish ships to allow for sale back to the king. The Venezian military is also raised to a token force of about 10,000 due to its location but remains lightly armed and unable to project power or fight any unsupported offensives.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 45,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. The Colonial population hovers above one million with a few thousand settlers with more people in recent years deciding to settle in the Mapuche and Chilean territories as ranchers, farmers and crop growers. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy in order to expand the food supply of the large colony expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas.. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. The Colony continues to expand 75 px. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. Of many cities developing some begin to gain large populations as well with multiple cities farther north and south develop heavily. Buenos Aires and San Sorento are the two largest cities in the colony with Buenos Aires maintaining 50,000 people and San Sorento maintaining about 30,000 people. Both cities are large coastal port cities.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand lowers to 45,000 colonists as many die to disease. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 50 px.
    • New Granada: The colony of New Granada - formerly San Francisco - sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 55 px. The colony's population expands to around 55,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the colony of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 15,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco city.
    • Philippines: Spanish continue to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. The Spanish then begin to send in a royal governor who makes plans to expand the island nation, and begins work on its economy and military to do so. Gold and silver from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Colony itself. The Philippines expand (now 50 px) per Spanish order as the potential for hostile natives and other threats in the area has led to a switch in policy as well as the movement of nearly 2000 Spaniards and a fleet of nearly 20 warships to the area preventing any force from attacking to continue expansion. With the close of the revolt, the Chinese people within the borders are expelled by any means necessary.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals, and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy.
    • Chile: The few hundred Spanish settlers who established some terraced farms and a small town expand settlements in the mountains to avoid earthquakes and other acts of God. The area is militarily supported by the CMA located in the Inca and a force of about 2000 is used to maintain order in the area. The Chilean royal governor along with the Colonial Authority begins to increase the economy of the area and is planning on a period of expansion coming up in the next few years. Chile continues to expand increasing to nearly 5000 sq km of Aymara territory and the discovery of massive silver deposits in which a native city now taken by Spaniards already stands, the population of Chile explodes with many gold and silver seekers moving to the area with the Spanish populace of Chile increasing from a mere 2000 to nearly 10,000 in a year and the natives further being integrated, especially the Aymara people. The population of the controlled territory is an estimated 250,000 and more being integrated and authority of the crown being imposed upon by the day.
    • East African Protectorates: This military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port and the company buys nearly 15 top-of-the-line ships from Spain to maintain her interests in the area. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. Spain properly also sells about 25 top-of-the-line war galleons and frigates to the company here. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 100,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Cochin: The troops following the seizure are scaled down to 1000 troops led and trained by Spanish officers. The economic output of the area is considerably large for a new acquisition with the agriculture expanded to be able to supply most of Hispania's territories in the region. This output is expanded to to include whatever metals are included and is to be included in the Spanish global trading network. The Royal governor of Cochin is established in the city of Bago, the areas gretest port city and impressed with it the Hispanian governor makes it the capital of the Spanish territory of Cochin. As a militaristic governor he immediately begins plans to keep the region secure and prevent further uprising, as well as make the territory profitable for him, and keep the Spanish East India Company out of the area. Cochin maintains an estimated population of about 450,000 and growing thanks to the economic opportunity of working and providing trade goods for Spain. Cochin begins to expand into the disorganized territory to the south in search of more resources (50 px).
    • Dawei: Dawei is continually rebuilt from the initial revolts and the city begins to experience an increase in trade and Spanish investment. The military of the area is increased to about 500 Sepoy troops with a support of about three Spanish war galleons to keep the peace. The city itself expands to start becoming a much more metropolitan city attracting many traders from across the area that cannot set up shop in the Spanish territory of Cochin. The City is finally fully rebuilt as a major trade port with a population of about 45,000.
  • Tsardom of Croatia: Croatia focuses primarily on its economy. Trade routes are strengthened after and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the King and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HKRM (Hrvatska Kraljevska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the Tsar. The Tsar issues an organizational reform, hoping to effectively improve the administrative divisions and making sure that the power of the nobility is finally obliterated. Alas, the war against Hungary is won and the Treaty of Debrecen is drafted to officially end it.
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: The newly returned troops continue to train in European tactics, while rearming with weapons made locally and purchased from Oldenburg. The military expands as the population grows. The spread of the Latinized Cree alphabet continues, with books including the Bible, classical works such by Plutarch, Plato, Caesar and others, and modern works now translated. Many learn to read, as it is now necessary for advancement in the government. Efforts to unite with the Moose Cree continue (Turn Sixteen of Twenty) continue. Christianity continues to spread; for the first time, a Sachem converts to the new religion. Settlers continue to move south, where the land is proving excellent for farming. . Potatoes, wheat and cassina are cultivated in huge quantities here to supply the growing population. Winipakw expands 500 km. The new fleet continues to improve trade, especially with Europe, during summer months, and a new ship is completed this year, bringing the fleet to a total of 18 ships.
    • Nemaska: Nemaska works to rebuild its infrastructure and economy from the war. Modern farming techniques are introcuded to supply a population of about 75,000, while a military of 500 is created. This military is, of course, made up entirely of Nehilaw troops now garrisoned in the new vassal, but recruitment of local troops begins immediately, all this activity expands the economy.
  • Tawatinsuyu: Military, navy and economy improve. The Inca government begins to quash the National's attacks against the Empire. Roughly 5% of the Inca population supports the nationals, with another 60% supporting the government. The remaining 30% are neutral. Population across the empire hits 1,800,000. Qusqo is currently the largest city, (160,000), followed by Peru (69,000), Machu Picchu (52,000), Chimu (27,000) and Sican (23,000). The Inca begin to push east as well. The areas taken in the push east are organized into the Willkapampa Wamani. The areas between the Wanka Wamani and Chimorsuyu are also incorporated into the empire. The total size of the army hits 29,000. Apeac I gives birth to his third child child, a daughter, who dies shortly after birth along with the child's mother. Cava hits the age of 13 while Apeac II hits age 8. The number of districts, or Wamani, in the empire is ten. They are, in decreasing order of population: Hanan Qosqo (410,000), Hurin Qosquo (266,000), Hurin Nazca (110,000), Wanka (109,000), Hanan Nazca (102,000), Hurin Chimor (98,000), Anti Chimo, (90,000), Aymara (66,000), Willkapampa (45,000), and La Paz (28,000). The four quarters, or Suyu of the empire, in decreasing order of population, are: Cuzco Suyu  (755,000),  Chimor Suyu (168,000), Nazca Suyu (282,000), and Aymara Suyu (67,000). Not every district falls under one of the Suyu. Following an attack on the La Paz settlement, it comes under direct control of the Inca government. The southern border expands to absorb it, making it into the La Paz district. The capital is founded as New Burgundy, to represent a large French minority in the empire, in OTL La Paz. Representing the large German minority, city with the creation of the Hesperian League, the Inca economy begins to expand and ties with Vorlyclayr and the Zapotec begin to deepen. Following the deepening ties with Spain, the Nationalist movement re-emerges, mostly in the eastern frontier. Having received ships from Spain, the Inca Navy is formed and the First Fleet of the Inca is christened. We thank Spain for the loan and we begin to reconstruct Hurin Nazca. "The Great Plague" makes a re-emergence in the Eastern and Western most districts, stunning growth outside of Cuzco Suyu.
    • Chiribaya Wamani: The Inca occupation of Chiribaya ends as a new capital is formed. The Capital is named Chirbaya Qosqo, (Chiribaya Central) and is located in OTL Tacna. Population of the nation hits 300,000. The Army of Chiribaya Wamani is formed, replacing the old Chiribaya War Band. Military, navy and economy improve. Chiribaya Qosqo is developed and the city of New Gibraltar is founded in OTL Monquegua. Population of Chiribaya Qosqo hits 50,000, while the population of New Gibraltar hits 35,000
  • Raigama: Military, economy, navy, and infrastructure are improved. As the black market booms, Samir II lowers tariffs and taxes on traded goods to encourage growth on the legal market. Traders begin to come back to Raigama. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Raigama. Taking a different approach from his father, and trying to avoid another recession, Samir II begins to invest in a very small navy of larger ships. The new king also orders that all official affairs to be handled in the more reliable Dutch Guilder. The king also orders Rajakaas to be officially decommissioned and removed (melted). The Raigama army increases, more of the army is given Dutch military training, and old Dutch weapons. Population increases. The navy is ordered to explore more around India. King Samir II continues to allow the building of naval bases and trade posts in Raigama. Samir II also supports the Dutch military operations in Kotte. Raigman and Kottan schools begin to teach the language of Dutch, and subjects influenced by western schools.
    • Kotte: Kotte mainly increases its economy and infrastructure. The Kotte Army increases, and are given training and weapons like the Raigaman army. King Samir also orders Kotte currency to be decommissioned. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Kotte. The number of rebellious citizens in Kotte continues to lower due to the Dutch military operations.
    • Nava Kotte: Due to mostly Dutch funding of the colony, Nava Kotte now covers the whole island. Nava Kotte becomes a good trade post, used in trading with Ayutthaya, Dai Viet, and Dutch colonies in Indonesia. The colony assembles a very miniscule armed force to defend the island.
  • The Consulate of Dacia: Dan, now a man of 46 resumes growing the economy and making the military stronger. The economy continues its inexorable upward trend, as greater colonial expansion leads to greater profits. The expansion and growth is product of years of peace within Romania, as well as the trade from Somalia. The average wealth of individuals continues to grow at a fairly steady rate. This causes a huge boom in land cultivation as the new-found wealth allows more land to be worked. Also Terraced farming, imported from Spain has allowed much once un-arable land to be used for farming. Terraced farms can be seen dotting the landscape. Dan takes notice of the new practice of terrace farming. He quickly implements a series of reforms to build many hundreds of these farms all along the Carpathians and in Bulgaria. Within Moldova a large number of cattle ranches begin to appear. The increase in beef production causes an increase in protein intake of the people. As the amount of protein in the average diet increases so does the height and strength of the populace. The life expectancy begin to rise with better sanitation spreading across all of Romania. Food surpluses drive down prices. The population begins to grow at an extremely rapid pace (2% growth rate) due to the sudden depression in food prices. Due to the better ranching leather prices drop quickly, allowing the military to begin re-equipping with buff coats. The coats are supplemented with chest plates as muskets begin to become more dangerous. A new batch of modern frigates is designed to replace the aging caravels and carracks of the Dacian fleet. The frigates are armed with 48 long Culverini, and are smaller than most of their counterparts. They also possess the ability to be Square or Lanteen rigged, sometimes employing a combination of both. This allows the new frigates to operate with significant advantages in the Red and Mediterranean seas, without compromising their ocean-going capabilities. Production of 60 begins in 1612 and will finish in 1615. Constanta Fabrică de Tun, continues developing its cannons. The cannons produced and developed at the factory begin to make the company quite rich and powerful. More work must be done to refine the cannons, but they are developing well. The army continues drilling with rotating ranks and pikes begin to be phased out by Flintlocks. More disputes occur in the senate. Constantius now a young man of 24, assists his father. He is married to Elenora Jagiellon and becomes Grand consul of Dacian East Hungary, placing the nation in personal union with Dacia. The Eastern Trade Co. continues to grow. After a last years gains the army forces a Hungarian army of 8,000 inside Budapest and surrounds the city. The heavy bombards, great long guns inspired by Ottoman bombards. In a stroke of luck a stray shell destroys a tower in which the King of Hungary and his sons are planning the defense. The entire building collapses and the King and his heirs are killed. Within the day the city, and the last of the Hungarian forces in the east surrender. The treaty of Debrecen is drafted and Signed to end the conflict.
    • Kiev: The military becomes more professional, and officers arrive from Dacia to train the soldiers. The economy grows more this year as much farmland becomes cultivated after years of disuse. The rapid population growth in Dacia causes an Immigration rush, as Romanians looking for cheap land swarm the southern half of Kiev.
    • Halych: Prince Yarlslav II continues growing the economy and military.
    • Dacian Somalia: Trade with India continues, and the cities of Bosaso and Qandala grow slowly. The economy of Mogadishu continues to grow, production of raw materials continues. Meanwhile, the majority of European traders who make stops in Somalia prefer to land at Dacian Ports, as they enjoy the more familiar amenities afforded by the Dacian presence.
  • Roman Empire: Tragically, Theodore III dies this year, and on his deathbed feels like a failure. Despite this, he is loved by the vast majority of his subjects, and even the Borealian natives and the Serbs hold some fondness for him. His son Thomas takes the throne after a coronation involving the traditional Iron Crown, Bridle, and Lance, becoming Thomas II. Different from his father, Thomas II is much more concerned about the internal stability of the Empire and its territory, and as such is committed to resolving such issues. He orders an inspection of all military fortifications in Greece, Albania, Phoenicia, and Taurica to ensure that they are all properly garrisoned and fortified. He also expands the networks of forts in Anatolia, and increases the number of troops garrisoned in Anatolian territories. Continuing the policies of his father, Greeks are encouraged to move to Anatolia, and refounded settlements like Prussia, Illium and Ephesus begin to grow again as a result. Thomas II continues his father's policies of converting the Berbers in Cyrenaica to Christianity, offering those who do lower taxes and political incentives. Previous policies are kept with Turkic inhabitants of Roman territories, however, few Turks actually leave, amounting to maybe a few hundred every year. However, Thomas II discovers that his father was so focused on European interests that the Empire's colonies are largely defenseless, and makes efforts to change this. Fortifications are already present at Atlantis and Socotra, but other than that, the colonies are largely void of such defenses. Forts are, therefore, built in Roanoke, Powhatan, Delaware, and Yamasee, defending vital colonial cities like Reme, Avelinia, and Patropolis. Reme gets the most of the defenses, with twin forts guarding the sound, as well as small outposts outfitted with cannon on the outer banks. Reme is also equipped with a shipyard and armory to provide the troops stationed there with adequate weaponry and transport. At the colony of Antillia, fortified outposts are also constructed and equipped with cannon. The same happens in Malabar. To further expand the security of these colonies, relations with the Borealian natives are made a priority, and commitments with the Powhatan, Delaware, Taino, and Yamasee natives are extended. Roman officers train the natives in European tactics, and some educated natives are invited to take part in the government of the colonies. While this does help expand support amongst the natives, the ones in the interior are still hostile to Roman interests, and as such the Empire holds off. These improvements are largely possible thanks to an expansion of the Roman economy and the new quantity of trade goods available. Trade with Urdustan provides gems, opium, cannabis, and cotton to European markets, supplementing the rubber and pepper exported by Malabar. In the colonies, cash crops like rice, tobacco, hemp, indigo, and cotton are exported and make a sizable profit, while a few in Antillia begin experimenting with sugarcane. Socotra and Phoenicia provide dyes, and Phoenicia in particular provides high quality lumber such as cedar. Back in the mainland, Greece provides ample quantities of silver, marble, wine, raisins, saffron, fish, and olive oil. Constantinople, already the silk capital of Europe, expands its considerable trade influence and wealth. Whereas Theodore III sought to expand the Empire to its previous borders, Thomas II seems determined to make sure the gains of the last century are not lost. Serbia begins to merge into the Empire's government, and already the region begins to see some benefits. The cheaper tariffs on Serbia's iron ore helps out Serbian merchants, while the population grows thanks to increased and cheaper food imports.
    • Reme: Fortifications continue to be built, especially in cities like Reme, Avelinia and Patrapolis. Cash crops, like tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo, are continued to be planted in newly acquired area from expansion. Young men, about the number of 700, are given training to join the Roman navy and military back in Europe. The colony is re-inforced with about five ships, some of them galleons and frigates, and 1000 Roman soldiers. While the colony is split up by Hamburg's colony, a series of roads are constructed to help the colonists move around. A few small outposts are constructed throughout the colony to help prevent highwaymen from appearing. Native militias are further trained and equipped with Roman military ordnance. Faced with increased piracy in the area, the colonial authorities decide to act. Unable to target the pirates that take refuge inside New Pomerania, the colonial fleets decide it would be better to limit their ability to hide. Roman fleets travel around the region of the Seminole and destroy pirate bases where they are found. To further protect the gains from the previous year, a fortress is constructed in the OTL Tampa Bay area and more outposts are constructed along the keys. Existing outposts are further fortified as the Empire continues to expand there. While not intended to be a settler colony, some people begin to move in, seeking new land to farm cash crops on and to live. As existing settlements are consolidated, no further inland expansion occurs, as it is presently too dangerous to expand farther than the coastal forts or outposts.
  • Netherlands: This turn is officially dedicated to military. In the European continent the Netherlands continues to grow culturally, economically, and scientifically, as promoted by the government. The cities of Amsterdam and Brussels remain the largest cities of the lowlands and their influence over the rest of the lowlands is starting to be seen. Lowland French continues to develop along separate lines then southern French, and the language continues to be important as both French and Dutch are spoken in the upper class and French is used for diplomatic ventures. The University of Brussels continues to flourish and the city itself is recognized as the most beautiful city in the Kingdom with only The Hague, Amsterdam and Namur rivaling it. The Palace of the Orient continues to be an important cultural centre in the city and the Mirza wing is built for the Mirza family to live in should they choose to. The Dutch navy is nearly completely remodeled now with modern ships replacing older models, which are scuttled or sold to privateers and merchants. We are glad Dai Viet has entered a military alliance with us, and we allow all protectorates to begin trading with them. We begin sending missionaries into Westphalia, in an effort to spread our faith. The Netherlands and Luxembourg declare war on Scandinavia, fully mobilizing and supplying siege weapons.
    • Guiana: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Settlements along the coast of Hesperia continue to grow and expand as settlers establish homes in the region. Merchants hoping to establish trade lines with the area expand the territory, establishing fortifications and private trade houses. Realizing how important trade is to the region, the Netherlands issues a decree that all major settlements must be equipped with a fort capable of hindering attack by sea. Towns are also required to have a trained militia to man fortifications. It is hoped that this new initiative will cut back on piracy and raiding in the region, and ensure colonies in the New World are adequately defendable in case of war. Dutch explorers continue to explore the New Rhine and Amazon Rivers charting the lands and waters of the interior. The settlements continue to grow and prosper as more land is set aside for farming and plantations and the cities along the coastline grow as trade grows in the region. Fighting against the natives in the interior intensifies as Dutch-Wallon colonists and explorers push the frontier and establish forts along them. More slaves are sold in the New World and to the Indian states particularly to Urdistan as demand increases.
    • Benin: This turn is officially dedicated to military. As an autonomous part of the Dutch African Empire, Benin continues to develop. The first generation of European educated leaders arises, expanding infrastructure and schooling to educate the population.
    • Sunda: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Fortifications are built along major settlements to protect the region in case of attack. The city of Batavia especially is fortified with a garrison posted. The city also begins constructing docks to better facilitate trade and to house and repair a moderately sized fleet. The region becomes home to a small regional fleet to respond to crises in the region swiftly.
    • Malacca: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Having been newly established as a protectorate of the Dutch Empire, military forces from the Lowlands are moved into the region and garrisoned in major cities and forts to secure the territory and crush any rebellion. The city of Singapore is established as the regional capital of our administration in Malacca. A fort begins construction in the city to protect our administration, and to protect the straits from attack. A port also begins construction in the city to facilitate a large naval garrison.
    • Brunei: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Having been newly established as a protectorate of the Dutch Empire, military forces from the Lowlands are moved into the region and garrisoned in major cities and forts to secure the territory and crush any rebellion.
    • Borneo: This turn is officially dedicated to military. We begin establishing trade routes and posts in the new territory, to trade with locals on the island.
    • Dutch India: This turn is officially dedicated to military. We begin constructing a series of trade posts on the island of Ceylon, as well as naval bases to station a small navy. Military operations in Kotte are continued, with many rebellious citizens being arrested.
    • Minahasa: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Minahasa is created out of a series of eastern settlements in the East Indies. We begin converting and assimilating the natives. The largest settlement, known as Manado, is designated as the region capital. The settlement’s fortifications are expanded, and a military garrison is stationed in the city to protect settlers from native attacks. A dock is also constructed and expanded to facilitate trade ships.
    • Austria: This turn in both our nation and the nations of Bohemia, Luxembourg, Austrian Switzerland, Lusatia, and our colonial territories and possessions is dedicated to military. We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port, to respond to dangers in the area and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren. With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Several ships begin construction in Trieste, Melilla, Venice, and other ports, to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and other trade partners, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. Expeditions to the New World continue to increase trade with our possessions, establishing a trade route between Westenland, Reichland, and the West Indies. Trade posts in the Caribbean are expanded and grow as they become more frequently visited. Neu Bruchhausen and Dominisburg continues to expand. We ask to buy back the territory of Kluftland from Hispania, and also offer a potential military alliance to ensure the safe transfer of the territory and to ensure our mutual defense in the future. Military from the time of our union with Spain continues to be reformed and upgraded, forming the tercio, an infantry formation made up of pikemen, swordsmen and arquebusiers in a mutually supportive formation. Each tercio is standardized at 3000 soldiers, and drilled to be proficient in combat. We ask to purchase Westenland back from France, and also offer an alliance in Africa, promising to aid them in their colonial endeavours.
  • Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: This turn is dedicated to military development. We begin rebuilding our nation’s manpower and military capabilities after the series of recent wars. Trade continues between neighboring nations and allies, as well as to our colonies in the Imperial Sea. Ship production is increased in our ports, with new shipyards and docks being constructed to facilitate larger garrisons of trade ships and military vessels. A small castle begins construction in Gdansk to protect the city and harbor.
    • Polish Imperial Isles: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Steady streams of colonists reach the island of St Stanislaus, where they will soon be sent onto the islands of St Otto and Nowy Krakow to settle.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1616, Bavaria expands its economy. The population continues to rise. King Franz-Albert II, aged 50, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. The Curia Bavaria order the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction in Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with  Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, and Scandinavia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice, and a future union with Hesse and currently a dynastic union with the Palatinate. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. In domestic news, King Franz-Albert II continues to attempt the propagation of the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 20% of Bavaro-Germany secondary speakers in Saxony and Wurzburg, as well as a slew of minority speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 10,000 remaining in Saxony, and 15,000 in Thuringia. Starting in 1595, several high Saxon nobles are displaced, mostly by having their titles and lands revoked, and given out to Bavarian nobility. In 1607, the question of Franz-Albert's marriage is no longer an issue, as it becomes apparent that he will not marry. Furthermore, rumors of the King being gay are an open secret. That in itself is not an issue to most courtiers or councillors. However, many detractors, many in Greater Saxony, continue to criticize the King and use the rumor to their full advantages. In September, Franz-Albert II makes the decision to recognize his younger brother Johann, born 1576, as his heir. Johann already has six children, in order of age, Maria-Sofia, Isabella, Leopold, Karl, and Catherine.
    • Grand Duchy of Landshut: Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. The Curia Bavaria continue to operate. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Munchen: By 1616, Queen Isabell University continues to grow. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Collegiate Writs begin to draw more men to college.
    • Duchy of Straubing: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Duchy of Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County Burgau: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Nurnburg Incident continues to remain in memory, having put the country into a startled stupor for the majority of 1561.
    • County of Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Bamberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Greater Saxony: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Adalbert II normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion. Adalbert II dies in 1599, and the Saxon throne passes to Franz-Albert II.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Duchy of Swabia-Württemberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Franz-Albert is proclaimed as Duke of Swabia-Württemberg.
    • Nei Baiern: The colony of Nei Baiern, reaching a population of 2100, expands this year. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, and Bayreuth all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. In 1595, the settlement of Bayreuth is founded in Jülichsberg in early March. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 250 sq km northward up the Wilhelmsbaum coast, 250 sq km around the south end of the island onto the Pacific coast, 50 sq km on the mainland eastward of Jülichsberg, 100 sq km southward onto the smaller island south of Katharinas-Hafen, and a final 100 sq km northward, past Jülichsberg, up the coast of mainland Borealia. In governmental news, Edmund von Jülich and Elisabeth von Habsburg-Wittelsbach continue to be married.
  • Pskov's: Economy continues to grow after the war with livonia, and with great speed. THe Pskovian state now has an economy on its own to rival that of the entirety of russia. The Economic golden age continues, and wages grow for everyone. The Agricultural revolution is able to sustain the Pskovian state so much, that for the first time in like, ever, the Pskov people grow better and stuff. Rights and stuff happens and colonization programs continue. Meanwhile, the Pskovians, having esentialy colonized all the remaining islands, set their eyes and allow for an expedition of Africa. Pskov Influences Osel-Wiek and Courland to come into their sphere of influence. Some beurocratic reform begins to be discussed in the Veche frequently.
    • The Republic of Narva consolidates its territory and enforces law with The Pskovian garrison left in the city. The democatization of Narva begins with the announcement of the construction of a National Diet in the center of the Narva fortress. The Plan is to divide Narva into districts, with each district to elect a member to the Diet to act as a council and legislative body to the prince, and they would appropve of the members of the inner council, the cabinet of ministers.
    • The Republic of Talins consolidates its territory and enforces law with The Pskovian garrison left in the city. The democratization of Talins begins with the announcement of the construction of a National Diet in the center of the Narva fortress. The Plan is to divide Talins into districts, with each district to elect a member to the Diet to act as a council and legislative body to the prince, and thye would appropve of the members of the inner council, the cabinet of ministers. Talins adopts an official flag and coat of arms this year.
    • The Pskov Imperial Company: thrives on the trade network it has set up in the Americas, buying goods from people, selling them in Spanish colonies for gold, and using that to buy goods in Roman colonies, just to sell them to others, being esentialy the only foreign companies to be able to trade with other nations' colonies through agreements made by Pskov and the PIC. The Colonial possessions of the PIC begin to produce more cotton and tobacco, acquired through trade with other nations. Rum production is stepped up, and becomes quite a popular beverage in the Imperial Isles, being easily disstilled from available materials (i.e. spices and sugar, the main farm things used). Some production houses of Rum have taken up the practice of marking the age of the Rum with large "X"s, with X standing for one year, XX standing for two years, XXX standing for three years aged and so on. Meanwhile, the African Division sets up a second expedition, and ends up, like or not, setting up a trade post in the capital of that southeast afrtican state across from Madagascar. Trade with that nation begins to the profit, mostly, of the Pskovians, who impress the locals with their tech and rum and Pskovian other things. Profits rise as the stock price reaches an all time high, with returns almost as high as Pskov government bonds.

1617

A Greek settler named John Regas living in Borealia falls in love with an Algonquian princess after she saves him from captivity and execution. She converts to Christianity and travels to Greece, where her story fascinates Europeans, before dying of disease several months later.

A locust swarm destroys the natural region of La Camarque, France, south of Arles.

The Raigaman economy stagnates slightly as their army increases in size. (More enforcing of the rules = less black market; you also have to pay the army [usually])

  • Prussia: This turn is dedicated to military. Naval shipyards are expanded and we begin producing warships and transports. Trade continues with our neighbors and allies. Our colonies of Neu Franken and the Zollern Insels in Borealia continue to expand. The population continues to grow from the introduction of new Borealian crops into Prussia and the frequent trade our trade posts in the New World have opened up. New warships are built regularly, and several new drydocks and shipyards are created or expanded to facilitate the production or repair of large ships. We continue to influence Osel-Wiek and Courland.
    • Estland: This turn is dedicated to military. We begin training a small force to protect the duchy, supplemented by a Prussian garrison in the region. The region also begins rebuilding, repairing infrastructure and farmland destroyed or damage in recent wars.
    • Riga: This turn is dedicated to military. The Archbishopic of Riga begins improving the fortifications and defensive structures of the city. Riga Castle is repaired and expanded, with a large military garrison stationed to protect the city from attack or raids. A large dock is also built and expanded to facilitate larger quantities of trade ships. Trade into the city continues to flourish, becoming one of the most important trade cities in the Baltic Sea region.
    • Livonia: This turn is dedicated to military. King George I is officially crowned as Duke of Livonia, placing the nation in personal union. Military forces are moved into the region to keep the peace, and major forts and castles are garrisoned and repaired. A crackdown against Livonian resistance begins, and the spread of German culture is reinstituted.
    • Zollern Insels: This turn is dedicated to military. We begin repairing from the war with Livonia, and all territories seized from Livonia are relinquished to the Republic of Pskov. A number of settlements continue to grow and expand, and new docks, fortifications, and other structures continue to be expanded. With experience from the war, a proper military begins training, albeit small and for defensive purposes. Trade ships continue to reach the many ports of the Zollern Insels, and military ships are garrisoned in the area to cut back on piracy and protect trade.
    • Neu Franken: This turn is dedicated to military. We continue to expand into mainland Florida, and begin training forces to combat hostile natives.
  • Sultanate of Yemen (سلطنة اليمن): Following the death of the Sultan due to his old age, his eldest son and heir to the throne; Prince Ahmad bin Usman al-Mahri bin Fadhle was declared the new Sultan. The new Sultan was keen on developing relations with foreign states especially the Damascan Sultanate, Sultanate of Oman and the Roman Empire after Yemen had been left in isolation during the tyrannical reign of the false Prophet. The Sultan ordered the construction of wells and transportation of food supplies to the underdeveloped areas and himself arrived to comfort the people suffering. Although referred to as naive by many people of the Royal family, he was considered a saint by the poor people. He ordered the construction of a major port near the Bab-el-Mandeb to be utilized by foreign states who were passing through and ordered an increase in the sale of coffee to foreign nations and tried his very best to prevent others from finding out the way to grow and make coffee. The Sultan gave orders that every male above the age of 16 would receive military training regardless of the fact as to whether he was willing to join the military or not. This move was taken so as to make sure the people of the nation are strong enough to fight if war ever started and finally, after discussion with close advisors; the Sultan proclaimed the start of a plan to develop the infrastructure to Yemen to make sure that at least 90% of the population had a home to live in and with the plan near completion, the population booms. The military was equipped with muskets and snaphaunces, with pikes equipped to be used while charging upon the enemy and importance was given to the production of firearms and gunpowder. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and camels as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. The areas near Oman being sparsely populated and mostly deserted had been used for military training and military exercises. The military was indeed much more capable of fighting in the desert than various states and the navy was developed to prevent any attempt by any foreign states to block the Bab-el-Mandeb. The navy was mostly deployed near the Bab-el-Mandeb although the Yemeni navy routinely patrolled the waters near its borders and was on many occasions, sent along with merchant ships carrying goods from India and the East Indies to severely reduce chances of pirates capturing the ships. The construction of 4 frigates annually, equipped with 80 cannons each was ordered. Meanwhile, our economy boomed due to our control over the three major islands of Farasan, Zuqar and Dahlek which granted us a lot of control over the Bab-el-Mandeb and the navy too was deployed to protect the islands. We concentrated our trade mainly with the Damascus Sultanate although trade with Bengal, Mansuriyya, Roman Empire and Bengal, too, played a huge part in our economy. Our influence spread rapidly through Eritrea as many missionaries were also sent to spread Islam and construct mosques as well as spread Yemenis culture. Trade with Bengal had soon come to a halt and instead Yemen now depended upon Croatia for the import of Indian goods through Goa but soon this decision was reverted, and trade once again started with Bengal We expand 25px in Western Arabia. Meanwhile, missionaries were sent to the Kingdom of Abyssinia to spread Islam amongst the people and collaborate with Christian missionaries to form brotherhood between Muslims and Christians. Many Yemeni nobles were ordered to marry their Abyssinian counterparts and plans to sign a free trade agreement were made. The Sultan exported large amounts if coffee to Abyssinia and plans to construct a major port for Abyssinia were made. Meanwhile, trade with Mediterranean states had led to Yemen heavily depending upon the Straits of Tiran (Yemen has poor relations with Egypt) and with the discovery of an island at the mouth of the straits, the Yemeni military quickly launched an invasion and captured the island thus protecting Yemeni trade and having a military base quite near the Philadelphi Canal. The presence of Yemen right at the mouth of the Straits of Tiran also meant that Yemen would not face much difficulty in conducting reconnaissance and espionage missions directed toward Egypt. After a series of attacks on Yemen's Christian community, the Sultan ordered the assailants to be put to death and announced equal rights for the People of the Book living in Yemen, Iritriyā or al Somal and to prove that all the people would be treated equally, he ordered the construction of the Church of Al Yemen (Turn Five of Five); a move which angered many clerics but most of them restrained from protesting at the thought of being beheaded for treachery. With the recent purchase of the Masirah Island, Yemeni influence drastically increased in the Arabian Sea and a minor port was constructed at the island. Eco Turn and Infra Turn
    • Sultanate of Iritriyā (سلطنة إريتريا): Sultan Ahmad bin Usman al-Mahri bin Fadhle was proclaimed the King of Ahritriya and plans to develop the African Kingdom were made by first constructing a major port at the Straits of Mandeb to counter that of the Damascan Sultanate. Missionaries had started to set up religious schools and mosques for the spread of Islam and the calling of Azaan was made compulsory at every town at Ahritriya. Order for the cultivation of coffee was given. The military was equipped with muskets and the infantry were trained by Yemeni men. The purchase of slaves from Ahritriya and neighbouring tribes had begun due to the lack of workers at Yemen. The Sultan passed laws prohibiting anyone from mistreating their slaves and declared that the people of Iritriyā were equal to those of Yemen. In order to increase the living standards of the people, the construction of mud brick houses as well as the setting up of wells had started. Mil Turn and Eco Turn
    • Emirate of al Somal (إمارة آل الصومال): Prince Hamza bin Ahmad Al-Mahri bin Fadhle was appointed as the Governor of Al Somal and under his orders, progress was made in developing the living conditions of the people living by the coast. The Al Yamanah Militia was permanently deployed to maintain order and control over the region and with the recent purchase of inner Somalia by Romania, the Militia had rid itself of the more troublesome tribes but had also managed to invest more on Law and Order using the money. The people were held under surveillance to purge the troublemakers from the society and to make sure no one was plotting against the authority. Meanwhile, the entire Royal family that had previously ruled over Al Somal had been gotten ridden off in a regicide and anyone supporting a return of any monarchy had his tongue pulled out. The people were thus largely oppressed although the living conditions and treatment of those who supported the regime was above average. Miner ports had been built and fishing remained a major occupation for those living by the coast. Many slaves were purchased by wealthy business men from Yemen and everyone above the age of 16 was given military training in the deserts of Yemen before being sent back to al Somal. Eco Turn and Mil Turn
      • Yemen - Ethiopia Diplomacy: The Sultan of Yemen requests the King of Ethiopia to allow Islam to spread in its lands and to protect all People of the Book as Yemen has done. The King of Ethiopia is reminded of Yemen and Ethiopia's long standing relations as well as the benevolence showed by the Christian King Najashi (Negus) when Muslims refugees had arrived from Mecca in 613, fleeing from the Pagans and were protected by Negus and thus the current King of Ethiopia must show similar benevolence and allow Islamic missionaries to preach Islam [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]
  • Raigama: The Raigaman economy stagnates slightly as their army increases in size. (More enforcing of the rules = less black market; you also have to pay the army [usually]). Military, economy, navy, and infrastructure are improved. Samir II establishes a new edict; The edict (for Raigama and Kotte) raises the standards of the army (which slightly decreases it), and also raises wages/benefits. As the black market booms, Samir II lowers tariffs and taxes on traded goods to encourage growth on the legal market. Samir II also orders the peacetime army to try to eridicate the rest of the black market. Raigama also asks if the Dutch could assist them monetarily or militarily, as they already are in Kotte. Traders begin to come back to Raigama. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Raigama. Taking a different approach from his father, and trying to avoid another recession, Samir II begins to invest in a very small navy of larger ships. Samir II orders that all official affairs to be handled in the more reliable Dutch Guilder. The king also orders Rajakaas to be officially decommissioned and removed (melted). More of the army is given Dutch military training, and old Dutch weapons. Population increases. The navy is ordered to explore more around India. King Samir II continues to allow the building of naval bases and trade posts in Raigama. Samir II also supports the Dutch military operations in Kotte. Raigman and Kottan schools begin to teach the language of Dutch, and subjects influenced by western schools.
    • Kotte: Kotte mainly increases its economy and infrastructure. The Kotte Army are given training and weapons like the Raigaman army. King Samir also orders Kotte currency to be decommissioned. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Kotte. The number of rebellious citizens in Kotte continues to lower due to the Dutch military operations.
    • Nava Kotte: Nava Kotte becomes a good trade post, used in trading with Ayutthaya, Dai Viet, and Dutch colonies in Indonesia. The colony assembles a very miniscule armed force to defend the island.
    • Ayutthayan Diplomacy to Raigama: Given the fact that your country has had economic problems for some years now, we decide to highten our trade with Kotte and Nava Kotte, and give food and other economic assistance to the people of all Raigaman regions. We hope that we can be of assistance and that our offer will help improve our relations.
  • Mongol Khanate: The Mongols continue expanding their economy.
  • Wu China: We improve our economy and infrastructure.
  • Vorlayacor: Northwest expansion is halted this year to allow the economy to expand naturally without sustaining a national initiative; some of the money goes into urban renewal. Mathematicians at the University of Vorlayacor continue their studies.
  • Ayutthaya: We continue to spread European dialect through Ayutthaya and Spanish becomes dominant over Dutch language. Our trade with the Spanish makes the spreading of dialect easy in our large trading cities. The construction of the western ports continue and Lower Dawei becomes our largest trade and military port, shortly followed by Nakon Pathom. Education continues to westernise and we greatly accept science and mathamatics in our schools. However, we do not spread western religions. Trade routes are improves on mainland and are grown for quicker and easier trade between the cities of Ayutthaya, Nakon Pathom, Lanna, and Lower Dawei. We also continue to grow our suburbs and invest large amounts of money into agricultural growth to fuel our growing population and to support the new population of Aceh.
    • Lanna: The population of Lanna continues to become happy with the vassalisation of their land. Lanna City begins having new market growth after trade with Bengal is opened through their border. Military presence in Lanna is still high and we continue to develop schools and markets to help the economy of the region thrive.
    • Ayutthayan Nicobar: Our navy continues to use the Nicobar as an outpost where they can be repaired and restocked. The Thai population of the Nicobar grow and the native Nicobar people continue to thrive on the island of Teressa and Bompoka where their culture is supported by us. More schools and facilities are built on Nicobar to help support our population of the islands.
    • Aceh: The protesters begin calming down and accepting our rule over their land. The trade of their spices and especially logging becomes very rescourceful and we pay them back with lots of food to grow the region. Schools continue to teach Ayutthayan values and we westernise the region with science, mathamatics and Spanish dialect. The port of Aceh grows and many trade ships find it quicker and easier to dock in Aceh.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 3900 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand eastward by 700 sq km. The government decides to move on the Dutch reformists by allowing them to remain on the French territory, however, putting some taxes for allowing them free passage in French land. However, the French government makes clear that their beliefs are with Catholicism and that any attempt of violent expansion will be considered as an act of aggression and hence the Dutch-Wallon reformist may be persecuted. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans in the area of OTL Cundinamarca in the search of the Aureana - a city made of gold - in the vicinity of several lakes. Although not finding the city lots of gold gods are found and sent to France in order to boost the economy back on its feet. Mining begins in the Pirouien mountains and the region of Equatoriale Province for gold and silver though only a few are found. The colony of Nouvelle Orleans divides in five provinces New Orleans OTL northern Colombia and Antioquia Sableville in North Western Venezuela, Equatoriale in southwest Colombia and Aurienne in the central areas and Emeraldia in central eastern Colombia. After years of ignoring an important part of the treaty, France decides helping Austria to rebuild initiating in the area of Tyrol and Western Austria. Due to close proximity to French Rhineland gold begins entering the economy of the country from Colombian and Peruvian mines. A colony is established. Saint Louis d'Africa continues expanding by 500 sq km and 200 sq km in Kenya. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The peasant revolt is ignored for now, although it proves the king that he may need to enforce a new politic in the rural-most areas of France. war in bayoogoulaa continues
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Rhineland officially withdraws from the HRE after the council votes 65 against 35 for withdrawing from the HRE, the council begins creating a constitution based on both German and French laws to establish within the area of the kingdom. Sends aid to the French in the Bayoogoulaa war.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Freibourg and Valais are withdrawn from the HRE following the withdrawal from the Rhineland.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • French Mali: Military and economy are built up.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo and Ulsan.
  • County of Oldenburg: Neu Norderney expands 200 px down the coast. In other news, Count Wilhelm (King William III of Britannia) grows quite ill. The economy grows, and OHG facilities in Neu Baltrum and Neu Borkum are improved.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The university expands its astronomy section, purchasing a hilltop plot of land for an observatory. The positions of the stars and planets are quite studiously studied over the course of a year, and the findings will be published next year.
  • Tibet: Buddhist temples are continuing to be built. Roads are continuing to be fixed so that travelers on the silk roads can easily get to our nation. Our own version of the arquebus gun is being made. Farming is our most important industry. We mine resources in our caves. We ask the people of our nation if they can help increase the population. The military is increasing due to new training that has been made. This new training is line infantry training with marching aspects. The military is becoming bigger due to new tech and more people joining.
      • Nepal: We build up our military and economy.
      • Chutiya: We build up our military and economy.
      • Shan States: We build up our military and economy.
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: War is declared a second time on the Eastern Cree. Nehilaw troops sweep over the border from Nemaska, accompanied by new recruits from that nation. Armed with newly supplied guns and even a pair of cannons, the Eastern Cree troops - who had just returned to their homes from the earlier war- are quickly pushed aside. Several Chiefs of the Eastern Cree are seized, and the governemnt of the Eastern Cree disintegrates. Efforts to unite with the Moose Cree continue (Turn Seventeen of Twenty) continue. Christianity continues to spread; for the first time, a Sachem converts to the new religion. Winipakw expands 500 km. The new fleet continues to improve trade, especially with Europe, during summer months, and a new ship is completed this year, bringing the fleet to a total of 19 ships.
    • Nemaska: Nemaska declares war on the Eastern cree also, supplying a thousand men for the war effort. It also serves as a staging area for the invasion, improving the einfrastructure as new roads are constructed for the movement of the army.
  • Hispania: The Spanish populace hovers around 14.2 million and thanks in large part to the implementation of learned Incan farming methods, and the incorporation of some of the new American staple crops into Spanish diet. Population growth, however, is becoming increasingly stunted by many Spaniards - even some of noble birth - immigrating to the colonies and other territories overseas. The immigration of multiple high nobles confuses the parliament and King but allows this to continue seeing it as a way to organize troops and territories further under the Viceroy. The economy, thanks to the aggressive colonialism, continues to expand immensely and the Spanish economy becomes the most powerful in the world following the collapse of China. This has led to the Spanish economy becoming the dominant trading force on many economies in europe. Hispania undergoes reforms in the military using new firearms which are easier to load to reform the Carlongian infantry into a more organized and powerful line infantry force.
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army now consists of 30,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a trade fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships. 15,000 troops are sent with a decent amount being mercenaries.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The New King (King of Spain) is installed on the throne of Lombardy as his military leadership will be needed in the kingdom and the crown is tied with the Spanish one just as the Italian crown is. With this, he begins a process toward rebuilding the economy and military of the kingdom. The military is a raised force of 25,000 with many of them being pro-Spanish Hispanicized Italians which have been rapidly spreading across Italy. The population of Lombardy is at an estimated 1.5 million and counting. The Nation's economy is now in a process of integration into the Hispanian economy.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella. Its military forces are expanded to about 5000.
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavy under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Vatican City is re-instated as the Pope requested a small enclave of the Papacy for himself. Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population is two million. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about 1.5 million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had.
    • Mapuche: The Mapuche people begin to see the first mixed children between Spanish and Mapuche people. The Spanish institute the Ecomienda system. However, the Spanish governor, in order to keep control of the people, orders the Spanish heads of the system to treat the natives fairly in order to prevent mass deaths from overworking and resentment. Spanish farming techniques have definitely prevented starvation as the Mapuche continue to expand toward the coast building a road to connect it all. The Spanish governor, also using the local Mapuche as scouts, is able to expand much more than the Buenos Aires colony and uses this to his advantage to secure more land to be able to turn over to Spanish settlers. The royal governor ramps up expansion for some of the new plantation owners setting up expanding the the territory by 5000 sq km. The population of the Mapuche people is lowly put at about 15,000 with about 40,000 Spanish settlers living within the borders. The sharp increase in Mapuche is purely built out of many Mapuche starting to come back in order to live in peace under the Hesperian league's mandates.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Spanish begin to sponsor settlers in Morelia to begin expanding on the continent down the coast. (5000 sq km). The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.2 million with many living within the Cuba island territory.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand, the mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The Military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha is counted at nearly nine million with the inclusion of large native cities, expansion of the borders farther north, and the immigration of Spaniards. With this, however, a few prominent priests in Hispania have made it quite obvious that the integrated native cities should be left alone outside of tribute collection and troop levies in order to preserve the working potential of their population and prevent disease from totally wiping them out. Many, however, have begun to see a large rise in immunity to diseases such as smallpox. The Tenocha expand by 8000 sq km.
    • Mission of Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the disorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the disorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the Church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezians, unable to select a king from their remaining nobles, delegate to the Queen of Spain (Castile and Aragon) who chooses a man named Antonio Lo Grato to rule as Prince of Venice in place of the Queen of Spain. A well acclaimed and respected man, he immediately enacts reforms. The Venezian economy with access to the Spanish economy begins to recover and for the first time in years due to this. The Venezians begins its long road to naval recovery and begins to use its vast knowledge to begin building ships not only for itself but acquires the blueprints to improve on Spanish ships to allow for sale back to the king. The Venezian military is also raised to a token force of about 10,000 due to its location but remains lightly armed and unable to project power or fight any unsupported offensives.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 45,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. The Colonial population hovers above one million with a few thousand settlers with more people in recent years deciding to settle in the Mapuche and Chilean territories as ranchers, farmers and crop growers. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy in order to expand the food supply of the large colony expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas.. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. The Colony continues to expand 75 px. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. Of many cities developing some begin to gain large populations as well with multiple cities farther north and south develop heavily. Buenos Aires and San Sorento are the two largest cities in the colony with Buenos Aires maintaining 50,000 people and San Sorento maintaining about 30,000 people. Both cities are large coastal port cities.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand lowers to 45,000 colonists as many die to disease. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 50 px.
    • New Granada: The colony of New Granada - formerly San Francisco - sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 55 px. The colony's population expands to around 55,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the colony of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 15,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco city.
    • Philippines: Spanish continue to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. The Spanish then begin to send in a royal governor who makes plans to expand the island nation, and begins work on its economy and military to do so. Gold and silver from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Colony itself. The Philippines expand (now 50 px) per Spanish order as the potential for hostile natives and other threats in the area has led to a switch in policy as well as the movement of nearly 2000 Spaniards and a fleet of nearly 20 warships to the area preventing any force from attacking to continue expansion. With the close of the revolt, the Chinese people within the borders are expelled by any means necessary.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals, and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy.
    • Chile: The few hundred Spanish settlers who established some terraced farms and a small town expand settlements in the mountains to avoid earthquakes and other acts of God. The area is militarily supported by the CMA located in the Inca and a force of about 2000 is used to maintain order in the area. The Chilean royal governor along with the Colonial Authority begins to increase the economy of the area and is planning on a period of expansion coming up in the next few years. Chile continues to expand increasing to nearly 5000 sq km of Aymara territory and the discovery of massive silver deposits in which a native city now taken by Spaniards already stands, the population of Chile explodes with many gold and silver seekers moving to the area with the Spanish populace of Chile increasing from a mere 2000 to nearly 10,000 in a year and the natives further being integrated, especially the Aymara people. The population of the controlled territory is an estimated 250,000 and more being integrated and authority of the crown being imposed upon by the day.
    • East African Protectorates: This military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port and the company buys nearly 15 top-of-the-line ships from Spain to maintain her interests in the area. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. Spain properly also sells about 25 top-of-the-line war galleons and frigates to the company here. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 100,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Cochin: The troops following the seizure are scaled down to 1000 troops led and trained by Spanish officers. The economic output of the area is considerably large for a new acquisition with the agriculture expanded to be able to supply most of Hispania's territories in the region. This output is expanded to to include whatever metals are included and is to be included in the Spanish global trading network. The Royal governor of Cochin is established in the city of Bago, the areas gretest port city and impressed with it the Hispanian governor makes it the capital of the Spanish territory of Cochin. As a militaristic governor he immediately begins plans to keep the region secure and prevent further uprising, as well as make the territory profitable for him, and keep the Spanish East India Company out of the area. Cochin maintains an estimated population of about 450,000 and growing thanks to the economic opportunity of working and providing trade goods for Spain. Cochin begins to expand into the disorganized territory to the south in search of more resources (50 px).
    • Dawei: Dawei is continually rebuilt from the initial revolts and the city begins to experience an increase in trade and Spanish investment. The military of the area is increased to about 500 Sepoy troops with a support of about three Spanish war galleons to keep the peace. The city itself expands to start becoming a much more metropolitan city attracting many traders from across the area that cannot set up shop in the Spanish territory of Cochin. The City is finally fully rebuilt as a major trade port with a population of about 45,000.
  • |onte: Continues to have a large surplus of grain and rice. Though adopting "western farming", the idea of "the tribe" is still very much so alive, as people always share the crops they have grown, or the animals they have hunted amongst the community. Due to the policy of planting tree groves, desert reclamation has started taking serious effect in some parts of |onte. This year has resulted in sixty elephants being killed. A new expansion of the elephant pen has begun. |onte's population rises to over 2,190,000. The city of Kunene, the city of marble, reaches almost 100,000 people. Mon VII takes on the expansion north 300 sq km (6 pixels) a year with the Eheresito hu Kunene. Mon V brings books from |onte to !Xoonte as a gift, and a few gifts of ivory hoping to improve relations with their King, and spread |on culture. Mon V begins teaching the King of Zimbabwe about the many wonders of literature and |on, along with giving him many gifts. So Kuneneli offers to sell the rest of his paintings to the British. It has become the fashion, in Kunene, for men to go without the traditional loincloth, and embrace masculinity. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX is intrigued by the concept of laws.
  • Tawatinsuyu: Military, navy and economy improve. The Inca government begins to quash the National's attacks against the Empire. Roughly 5% of the Inca population supports the nationals, with another 60% supporting the government. The remaining 30% are neutral. Population across the empire hits 1,900,000. Qusqo is currently the largest city, (160,000), followed by Peru (69,000), Machu Picchu (52,000), Chimu (27,000) and Sican (23,000). The Inca begin to push east as well. The areas taken in the push east are organized into the Willkapampa Wamani. The areas between the Wanka Wamani and Chimorsuyu are also incorporated into the empire. The total size of the army hits 29,000. Apeac I gives birth to his third child child, a daughter, who dies shortly after birth along with the child's mother. Cava hits the age of 13 while Apeac II hits age 8. The number of districts, or Wamani, in the empire is ten. They are, in decreasing order of population: Hanan Qosqo (410,000), Hurin Qosquo (266,000), Hurin Nazca (110,000), Wanka (109,000), Hanan Nazca (102,000), Hurin Chimor (98,000), Anti Chimo, (90,000), Aymara (66,000), Willkapampa (45,000), and La Paz (28,000). The four quarters, or Suyu of the empire, in decreasing order of population, are: Cuzco Suyu  (755,000),  Chimor Suyu (168,000), Nazca Suyu (282,000), and Aymara Suyu (67,000). Not every district falls under one of the Suyu. Following an attack on the La Paz settlement, it comes under direct control of the Inca government. The southern border expands to absorb it, making it into the La Paz district. The capital is founded as New Burgundy, to represent a large French minority in the empire, in OTL La Paz. Representing the large German minority, city with the creation of the Hesperian League, the Inca economy begins to expand and ties with Vorlyclayr and the Zapotec begin to deepen. Following the deepening ties with Spain, the Nationalist movement re-emerges, mostly in the eastern frontier. Having received ships from Spain, the Inca Navy is formed and the First Fleet of the Inca is christened. We thank Spain for the loan and we begin to reconstruct Hurin Nazca. "The Great Plague" makes a re-emergence in the Eastern and Western most districts, stunning growth outside of Cuzco Suyu.
    • Chiribaya Wamani: The Inca occupation of Chiribaya ends as a new capital is formed. The Capital is named Chirbaya Qosqo, (Chiribaya Central) and is located in OTL Tacna. Population of the nation hits 350,000. The Army of Chiribaya Wamani is formed, replacing the old Chiribaya War Band. Military, navy and economy improve. Chiribaya Qosqo is developed and the city of New Gibraltar is founded in OTL Monquegua. Population of Chiribaya Qosqo hits 50,000, while the population of New Gibraltar hits 35,000
  • Tsardom of Croatia: Croatia focuses primarily on its military. Trade routes are strengthened after and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the King and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HKRM (Hrvatska Kraljevska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the Tsar. The Tsar issues an organizational reform, hoping to effectively improve the administrative divisions and making sure that the power of the nobility is finally obliterated. Tvrtko Krešimir VI's first son is born and he is named Juraj.
    • Croatian Knyazdom of Western Hungary: The Knyazdom's military is primarily expanded. Because of the demographic issues caused by the war, numerous male Croats migrate to Hungary to balance as well as nobles from the Gorjanski family. The Croatian Tsar Domagoj II crowns Nikola Gorjanski as the Knyaz.
  • Mansuryian Sultanate: The Ten Year Plan of military build up and construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad is finally complete, and thus Sultan Amir's dream has come true. With this dream finally realized, he dies, and thus his 18 year old son takes over, Sultan Abdul-Muhaimin Ibn Nuquad and thus there is a Coronation held for the new Sultan. As a result of the Ten Year Military Build Up, Construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad, and Coronation of Sultan Abuil-Muhalmin Ibn Nuquad, there is a massive parade in the centre of Baghdad. As a result of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad being complete, there is a massive revival of Sunni Islam, which is called The Great Revival. As such, we now believe we must spread Islam and the Mosque Model everywhere, thus fueling our imperialism.) We also seek to colonize Eastern Africa in order to bring Islam and the Mosque Model there. Infra turn. With our nation being re-established 80 years ago, there is a grand parade held in the center of Baghdad, celebrating 70 years of Manusurryian History, and many reflect on what has happened. (Purges, The Mosque Model, The Great Safavid Union and War, The UIN, the Interim Government, Sultan Amir's reign of peace, and the current reign under Sultan Abul)With this being the case, we elect Sultan Abul-Muhailim as the new leading Sultan of the UIN).
  • Mansurryian General Dip: We consider the Ankaran proposal. We humbly and graciously thank the Empire of Urdustan for allowing us to be the only selected special trading partner in the UIN in the Declaration of 1593. Now that the year is 1600, we open up Milh, the Alexandrian Omanese trade enclave near OTL Adu Dubai, which sells many domestic goods and goods from the Urdustani Empire. In order to use the the Port of Milh, there will have to be negotiations in order to use the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) since we have complete control over the Gulf.
  • Mansurryian-Yemeni Dip: We request that in return for Masirah Island complete access to the Manssuryian Gulf and the Port of Milh, we get  OTL Djibuti and the very tip of the Horn of Somalia, as well as access to ports and trading rights. We thank Yemen for granting us land in the Horn of Africa and Eritrea and we are currently integrating the enclaves into under our jurisdiction, which should be completed next year. We also would like to further negotiate port access.
  • Mansurryian-Romanian Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Romanian Somalia in return for Romanian goods.
    • Romanian Diplomacy: We accept the trade proposal.
  • Mansurryian-Roman Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Roman Eastern Africa in return for Roman goods.
    • Southern Persia: Military build up is complete. We now go back to building up infrastructure.
    • Oman: Infra build up under the Mosque Model continues. Mosques are particularly constructed on the border of the Oman and OTL Saudi Arabia. Infra turn with the Mosque Model complete in Oman, infrastructure and economy booms. We use this new found money to further develop the economy. There is also a huge Sunni Islamic revival, which fuels imperialism.Eco turn.
    • Queshm Island: Infra build up and port construction under the Mosque Model continues. Infra turn.
    • Milh: The Governor was installed one year ago during the transnational period between independence and complete vassalization, and now we are officially under the control of the Mansurryian Sultanate. We are now greeted with the traditional vassalage welcome of the Sultanate-Implementation of the Mosque Model. Infra turn. With our unique blend of Omanese and Alexandrian culture, we are known as a safe haven for Christians in the Sultanate. We are also known hustling and bustling trading port in the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) and we start to receive Urdustani goods from the exclusive trade offer established between Mansurryia (as well as the Indian League, Hispania, and Rome) during the Declaration of 1593.Now that it is the year 1600, we open up our port, Milh, access will be proposed, negotiated, accepted, or declined under Mansurryian diplomacy.
    • New Baghdad: As a result of the land exchange for Masirah and trading rights, Yemen cedes part of Yemeni Eritrea to us, consisting of OTL Djibouti, and we found the port city of New Baghdad (OTL Djibouti City) as the colony's capital. The colony of New Baghdad also includes Ali Sabielh, as a sort of inland capital to administer New Baghdad's interior, as well as a jump start point for expansion. The Colonial Governor is in charge of New Baghdad, and is met with the traditional Mansurryian welcome of the Mosque Model. (This is especially symbolic since the Mosque Model was introduced to Old Baghdad (Manssuryian Sultanate) 70 years ago. The Mosque Model works like this: Mosques are the centre of the town, and as the centre of each markets and homes are built around the mosques, thus creating towns. As new towns are created roads are created between them, thus fueling the economy. The money used from the economy boom is used to make new mosques, which makes the cycle go all over again. Other results include rise in Sunni Islam and support for the governor. A plan for a road between New Baghdad and Ali Sabieh is being worked out, as well as a plan to connect Addis Ababa, Ali Sabieh and New Baghdad. Wells, along with mosques, are constructed. We expand 50 px inland. We start trading with Romanian Somalia.
  • The Consulate of Dacia: Dan, now a man of 47 resumes growing the economy and making the military stronger. The economy continues its inexorable upward trend, as greater colonial expansion leads to greater profits. The expansion and growth is product of years of peace within Romania, as well as the trade from Somalia. The average wealth of individuals continues to grow at a fairly steady rate. This causes a huge boom in land cultivation as the new-found wealth allows more land to be worked. Also Terraced farming, imported from Spain has allowed much once un-arable land to be used for farming. Terraced farms can be seen dotting the landscape. Dan takes notice of the new practice of terrace farming. He quickly implements a series of reforms to build many hundreds of these farms all along the Carpathians and in Bulgaria. Within Moldova a large number of cattle ranches begin to appear. The increase in beef production causes an increase in protein intake of the people. As the amount of protein in the average diet increases so does the height and strength of the populace. The life expectancy begin to rise with better sanitation spreading across all of Romania. Food surpluses drive down prices. The population begins to grow at an extremely rapid pace (2% growth rate) due to the sudden depression in food prices. Due to the better ranching leather prices drop quickly, allowing the military to begin re-equipping with buff coats. The coats are supplemented with chest plates as muskets begin to become more dangerous. A new batch of modern frigates is designed to replace the aging caravels and carracks of the Dacian fleet. The frigates are armed with 48 long Culverini, and are smaller than most of their counterparts. They also possess the ability to be Square or Lanteen rigged, sometimes employing a combination of both. This allows the new frigates to operate with significant advantages in the Red and Mediterranean seas, without compromising their ocean-going capabilities. Production of 60 begins in 1612 and will finish in 1615. Constanta Fabrică de Tun, continues developing its cannons. The cannons produced and developed at the factory begin to make the company quite rich and powerful. More work must be done to refine the cannons, but they are developing well. The army continues drilling with rotating ranks and pikes begin to be phased out by Flintlocks. More disputes occur in the senate. Constantius now a young man of 25, assists his father. The Eastern Trade Co. continues to grow.
    • Kiev: The military becomes more professional, and officers arrive from Dacia to train the soldiers. The economy grows more this year as much farmland becomes cultivated after years of disuse. The rapid population growth in Dacia causes an Immigration rush, as Romanians looking for cheap land swarm the southern half of Kiev.
    • Halych: Prince Yarlslav II continues growing the economy and military.
    • East Hungary: Work is done to improve and repair the infrastructure of the nation. The economy begins to recover with Dacian monetary aid. Voluntary deportation of Magyars to East Hungary begins.
    • Dacian Somalia: Trade with India continues, and the cities of Bosaso and Qandala grow slowly. The economy of Mogadishu continues to grow, production of raw materials continues. Meanwhile, the majority of European traders who make stops in Somalia prefer to land at Dacian Ports, as they enjoy the more familiar amenities afforded by the Dacian presence.
  • Roman Empire: Tragically, Theodore III dies this year, and on his deathbed feels like a failure. Despite this, he is loved by the vast majority of his subjects, and even the Borealian natives and the Serbs hold some fondness for him. His son Thomas takes the throne after a coronation involving the traditional Iron Crown, Bridle, and Lance, becoming Thomas II. Different from his father, Thomas II is much more concerned about the internal stability of the Empire and its territory, and as such is committed to resolving such issues. He orders an inspection of all military fortifications in Greece, Albania, Phoenicia, and Taurica to ensure that they are all properly garrisoned and fortified. He also expands the networks of forts in Anatolia, and increases the number of troops garrisoned in Anatolian territories. Continuing the policies of his father, Greeks are encouraged to move to Anatolia, and refounded settlements like Prussia, Illium and Ephesus begin to grow again as a result. Thomas II continues his father's policies of converting the Berbers in Cyrenaica to Christianity, offering those who do lower taxes and political incentives. Previous policies are kept with Turkic inhabitants of Roman territories, however, few Turks actually leave, amounting to maybe a few hundred every year. However, Thomas II discovers that his father was so focused on European interests that the Empire's colonies are largely defenseless, and makes efforts to change this. Fortifications are already present at Atlantis and Socotra, but other than that, the colonies are largely void of such defenses. Forts are, therefore, built in Roanoke, Powhatan, Delaware, and Yamasee, defending vital colonial cities like Reme, Avelinia, and Patropolis. Reme gets the most of the defenses, with twin forts guarding the sound, as well as small outposts outfitted with cannon on the outer banks. Reme is also equipped with a shipyard and armory to provide the troops stationed there with adequate weaponry and transport. At the colony of Antillia, fortified outposts are also constructed and equipped with cannon. The same happens in Malabar. To further expand the security of these colonies, relations with the Borealian natives are made a priority, and commitments with the Powhatan, Delaware, Taino, and Yamasee natives are extended. Roman officers train the natives in European tactics, and some educated natives are invited to take part in the government of the colonies. While this does help expand support amongst the natives, the ones in the interior are still hostile to Roman interests, and as such the Empire holds off. These improvements are largely possible thanks to an expansion of the Roman economy and the new quantity of trade goods available. Trade with Urdustan provides gems, opium, cannabis, and cotton to European markets, supplementing the rubber and pepper exported by Malabar. In the colonies, cash crops like rice, tobacco, hemp, indigo, and cotton are exported and make a sizable profit, while a few in Antillia begin experimenting with sugarcane. Socotra and Phoenicia provide dyes, and Phoenicia in particular provides high quality lumber such as cedar. Back in the mainland, Greece provides ample quantities of silver, marble, wine, raisins, saffron, fish, and olive oil. Constantinople, already the silk capital of Europe, expands its considerable trade influence and wealth. Whereas Theodore III sought to expand the Empire to its previous borders, Thomas II seems determined to make sure the gains of the last century are not lost. Serbia begins to merge into the Empire's government, and already the region begins to see some benefits. The cheaper tariffs on Serbia's iron ore helps out Serbian merchants, while the population grows thanks to increased and cheaper food imports.
    • Reme: Fortifications continue to be built, especially in cities like Reme, Avelinia and Patrapolis. Cash crops, like tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo, are continued to be planted in newly acquired area from expansion. Young men, about the number of 700, are given training to join the Roman navy and military back in Europe. The colony is re-inforced with about five ships, some of them galleons and frigates, and 1000 Roman soldiers. While the colony is split up by Hamburg's colony, a series of roads are constructed to help the colonists move around. A few small outposts are constructed throughout the colony to help prevent highwaymen from appearing. Native militias are further trained and equipped with Roman military ordnance. Faced with increased piracy in the area, the colonial authorities decide to act. Unable to target the pirates that take refuge inside New Pomerania, the colonial fleets decide it would be better to limit their ability to hide. Roman fleets travel around the region of the Seminole and destroy pirate bases where they are found. To further protect the gains from the previous year, a fortress is constructed in the OTL Tampa Bay area and more outposts are constructed along the keys. Existing outposts are further fortified as the Empire continues to expand there. While not intended to be a settler colony, some people begin to move in, seeking new land to farm cash crops on and to live. As existing settlements are consolidated, no further inland expansion occurs, as it is presently too dangerous to expand farther than the coastal forts or outposts.
  • The Empire of Britannia: Many ships are modernized and replaced to keep the British Royal Navy, a powerful force on the high seas. Port Edmundburg continues to experience a growth in population. The British Navy continues the construction of frigates and galleons. Plans to upgrade other parts of the navy are continued. Port William expands 1000 sq km around the coast of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola). Several cities including Plymouth and Edinburgh see massive expansion and beautification works. Plymouth sees new brownstone houses to support the growing British middle class. The University of Plymouth sees more intellectuals espousing wild and radical suggestions and begin championing rational though through the whole of Plymouth and into mainland Britannia. London sees a renewal of the arts, with modern architecture being found throughout the city. One artist proposed having ornate and beautiful fountains throughout the city. His plans were accepted as part of an urban renewal plan. Soon the capital of the Empire will be known as the City of Fountains. London sees such a growth and change thanks to the growing wealth of the Empire, the city begins developing a reputation as a forward thinking city entrapped in beauty and thought. The Westminster Exchange begins allowing greater freedom in stocks and adopts the Dutch method of joint stocks. Gerard Pictman creates the first "accurate" projection of the Earth on maps called the Pictman Map Projection. The Empire sees this new map and orders its adaptation. Troops are moved in the Port Katrina area as tensions with neighbors grow. The Spire of St Paul's continues being repaired. After the events of Norwich, the parliament relents and grants greater freedoms to land owners. The nation begins becoming a major center of arms construction. After the recent unrest locally and assassination attempts, the Templar Order is expanded and takes up the protection of the Emperor. Britannia has experienced a "Splendid Isolation" for a large part of the decade, but now the nation once again looks outward. The Empire attempts to maintain order during the famine, troops are concentrated around Britannia helping to keep order, the Patriarch of Canterbury calls all the faithful of Britannia to God is this time of need. A new series of historical books titled In Europa Imperium is written by renowned historian James Matthews, Volume I In Imperium Phoenix: A look at the Rebirth of Rome, focuses on the near death and then rebirthing of the Eastern Roman Empire. Other works will be written. This book comes on the heels of his first book; Imperium Britannica, chronicling the birth and expansion of the Britannic Empire from its days as a Roman province, to Albion, and to the current Empire. He releases two new volumes this year, Imperium Galliae From Division to World Power, and Imperium Hispania: Nation of World's Desire. Work continues on Vol V, Imperium Austria: The Rise and Fall of Central Europe's Domineering Power. The recent border clashes raise tensions between Scandinavia and Britannia has many colonists believe that the Scandinavians are behind the raids on inland communities. A new position, High Governor is established. The High Governor is an appointed position and is the final authority between the local governors of the L'nu and New Cambridgeshire and the Crown of Britannia. The High Governor, in his first act as governor, declares Britannic protection over the Iroquois as well as trade preferences between the tribes of the new world. This move was made in effort to calm the native raids and to keep other rivals at bay.
    • Calais: Military and navy are expanded. Calais experiences a remodel of its port facilities to help with trade.
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand the navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • New Dublin (Nuaphail): continues to expand 1000 sq km west and south. A large influx of settlers arrive from Eire.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • New Cambridgeshire: New Cambridgeshire expands by 1000 sq km west. Colonists begin to explore around the region and begin to have a large fishing boom. The Port of New Oxford is expanded to handle excess ships from Britannia and other European nations. A large influx of settlers arrive from Britannia, fueled by the fears and rumours of war. Due to the recent influx of furs, the local population booms. Shipping also booms as many new merchant vessels are constructed to meet demand.
    • Crown Colony Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Local support is slowly gaining ground. The Oyo territories are rolled into Ghana.
    • Colony of New Guerney: A flood of immigrants arrives to Port William at the island of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola) as the colony continues to experience an unprecedented influx of colonists. The colony expands 1000 sq km inland.
    • L'nu Nation: The proud L'nu continue to flourish under the wise rule of Britannia. Trade and diplomatic relations are extended to the Scandinavian colonies in the area. The L'nu expand 1000 sq km north. The native populations are treated with a bit more respect as Christian missionaries flood the area.
  • Copy pasta for Andy. Diplomacy will be handled but it will take longer as it first has to get to Andy. SkyGreen24(Party,quotes)
  • Damascan Sultanate:  Sulimen IV rules as Sultan, now aging at 39. His uncle, Sulimen III now aging at 70, continues ruling over in Kurdistan. Sulimen IV promotes migration to Damascus as it now numbers 419,000. Damascus has grown huge now, and continues to as it is now the largest city in the Damascan Sultanate. The military is expanded. Antioch's population grows to 276,000. Sulimen IV requests a wife to rule his nation with him. The people continue to rally toward Islam. In Kurdistan, the Turks begin to slow their chaotic behavior with the arquebus equipped Janissaries entering the newly conquered territory. We begin vassalizing the Karamanian Sultanate (Turn Seven of Eight). As an Arab nation now begins to enter the land with good Turk relation the people seem to be happier. Sulimen III starts implementing more of the Qu'ran into the law in Kurdistan, people begin taking a liking to it. Spices and salt are sent to the Malaccan Sultanate. We continue modernizing and upgrading our guns. We receive more ships (snaphaunces) from Malacca in return for glass and textiles. We begin developing and advancing our weaponry, the old lever lock guns are being replaced slowly with Arquebuses. We begin building ships in the Red and Mediterranean Sea. The total census of the Damascan Sultanate has risen to 25.7 million. A port is still given haven to any travels and any merchants the Romanians may have. The navy is upgraded, and we begin building our ships to be more like the old Dutch model given to us by the Malaccan Sultanate. Karaman and Damascus begin to become friends again, as the governments see their wrongdoings, all Turks are promised haven in Damascan lands once again and won't be moved to foreign nations. Karaman, being the most Arab, therefore becomes closer to Damascus, and Diyabakir begins to take shine to the sultanate. Ankara remains strongly independent, as having the largest Turkic population, and will not be as easily swayed. The Sultan dies. UIN council meets in Baghdad, to vote for a new leader. 
    • Azerbaijan (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): The northern land is given to the Tartary, due to their good relations and acceptance and tolerance of Islam. Military expands. The region continues merging into the Damascan Sultanate. Azerbaijan continues to merge into the Damascan Sultanate, particularly the Kurdistan regent.
    • Palestine (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): A census is taken to find the population of Jerusalem alone. Jerusalem holds a total of 292,000. And slowly falls with the fighting between the Jews, Muslims and Christians. The people feel safe, yet also principled with the forces now in the city. As the city has fully been repaired, the military is expanded training Muslim militias. Sultan Sulimen IV, leader of the Damascan Sultanate, announces that Jerusalem will continue to be a unified city for all religions, and all are welcome to use the city for religious purposes.
    • Yimennendahla: Trade becomes large throughout the state. A census is taken totaling: 40,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Aleppraqht: Trade is swimming through the streets as the largest city in the land gain. Trade increased with Yemen and trade now extravagantly reaching Africa. Census is taken totaling: 55,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Jivadier: Trade is largely based on Yemen, Mansuriyya and Somalia/Eritrea. Census is taken totaling: 45,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Dhubab: The new port colony in Yemen bought from the Romanians remains to be a key focal point for the exit of the Philadelphi Canal. Economy and navy expand.
  • Pskov's economy continues to grow as its position as the undoubtable master of east baltic trade, and its role as an extremely large player in other trade continues. The large increase in general population due to the annexed and vassalized parts of livonia become a large economic benefit, due to the un-tariffed access to merchants (this cuts both ways, but, well, Livonia's economyw as nowhere nere as influencital as Pskov's, especialy not in Estonia, not as developed as Pskov). The Agricultural revolution continues, and the potato becomes more and more popular. Some farmers in narve begin to adopt Pskovian techniques for production of agriculture. Due to the new territories, Pskov is almost enough food to be a net agricultural exporter, and relies much less on imports of grain from Russia and Ukriane and Livonia. While this lessens the sector of that economy, it also reviatlizes some of Pskov's, as the reason for this is increase production, and that production can be used for other things, so all in all, the GDP of Pskov continues to increase as merchants become more wealthy. The Grand Prince and the Veche begin to discuss reforms to Administration, and it ends in the creation of the "Ministries", and the Statistics house is reformed into the Ministry of Vital statistics, with Many of the buildings being repurposed for things such as the Ministry of Diplomacy (foreign affairs), Ministry of Internal affairs (taxation and the like) and the MInistry of Defence, Commerce and other things, all of which would be responsible for enforcing the Nation's laws in their domain, or handle the administrative tasks suited to them, or in the case of the MoD, governing the army. The Minister of Defence, Diplomacy, and Commerce would be appointed by an agreement between the Posadnik and the Grand Prince (although the Posadnik needs the approval of the Veche), wheras the Minister of statistics would be directly elected by the Veche. Other administrative reforms will follow. The new Head of the Bank of Pskov,  Luka Iakovlevich Federov is chosen as the first Minister of Commerce of Pskov. Pskov Influences the staes of Osel-Wiek and Kourland in order to get them to accept Pskovian protection. The recent success in Livonia being a prime example of Pskovian military might and effectiveness(or so they say).
    • The Republic of Narva: Continues to build its infrastructure. The Construction of the national Diet begins as some administative offices are expanded, and the Prince-Namestnik of Narva consolidates the power he has over his territory by using the Pskovian Garrison, until such a point he can afford his own. The Ultimate goal of the Prince-Namestnik is to have an army capable of maintaining law and order, and to hold back foreign invasions until Pskov can come to the rescue. Meanwhile, some effort is made to improve the economy, Some farmers begin to adopt Pskovian agricultural methods as a small agricultural revolution begins in Narva.
    • The Republic of Tallins begins some things similart to Narva, Construction of the National Diet begins in the Toompea Castle. Consolidation of territory, etc ... (disregard the RoT from now on ... turns out I can't have the Southern Gulf of Finland ... oh well ...)
    • The Pskov Imperial Company adopts a policy that every five years, a new President is chosen. This happens after Efgeni Feodorovich Rubanov, elected president by the Board. Pskov's PIC African division begins some trade with the African natives in Namibia and Mozambique. However, the most interesting part is that in Mozambique, the locals allow the PIC to investigate and explore certain things they can trade with ... and get lost for about a month ... and find some gold deposits. when they get back to Pskov, the PIC starts scheming ... The Africans will rue the day they let the PIC explore their lands, and see their gold ...
  • Netherlands: This turn is officially dedicated to military. In the European continent the Netherlands continues to grow culturally, economically, and scientifically, as promoted by the government. The cities of Amsterdam and Brussels remain the largest cities of the lowlands and their influence over the rest of the lowlands is starting to be seen. Lowland French continues to develop along separate lines then southern French, and the language continues to be important as both French and Dutch are spoken in the upper class and French is used for diplomatic ventures. The University of Brussels continues to flourish and the city itself is recognized as the most beautiful city in the Kingdom with only The Hague, Amsterdam and Namur rivaling it. The Palace of the Orient continues to be an important cultural centre in the city and the Mirza wing is built for the Mirza family to live in should they choose to. The Dutch navy is nearly completely remodeled now with modern ships replacing older models, which are scuttled or sold to privateers and merchants. We are glad Dai Viet has entered a military alliance with us, and we allow all protectorates to begin trading with them. We begin sending missionaries into Westphalia, in an effort to spread our faith. The Netherlands and Luxembourg declare war on Scandinavia, fully mobilizing and supplying siege weapons.
    • Guiana: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Settlements along the coast of Hesperia continue to grow and expand as settlers establish homes in the region. Merchants hoping to establish trade lines with the area expand the territory, establishing fortifications and private trade houses. Realizing how important trade is to the region, the Netherlands issues a decree that all major settlements must be equipped with a fort capable of hindering attack by sea. Towns are also required to have a trained militia to man fortifications. It is hoped that this new initiative will cut back on piracy and raiding in the region, and ensure colonies in the New World are adequately defendable in case of war. Dutch explorers continue to explore the New Rhine and Amazon Rivers charting the lands and waters of the interior. The settlements continue to grow and prosper as more land is set aside for farming and plantations and the cities along the coastline grow as trade grows in the region. Fighting against the natives in the interior intensifies as Dutch-Wallon colonists and explorers push the frontier and establish forts along them. More slaves are sold in the New World and to the Indian states particularly to Urdistan as demand increases.
    • Benin: This turn is officially dedicated to military. As an autonomous part of the Dutch African Empire, Benin continues to develop. The first generation of European educated leaders arises, expanding infrastructure and schooling to educate the population.
    • Sunda: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Fortifications are built along major settlements to protect the region in case of attack. The city of Batavia especially is fortified with a garrison posted. The city also begins constructing docks to better facilitate trade and to house and repair a moderately sized fleet. The region becomes home to a small regional fleet to respond to crises in the region swiftly.
    • Malacca: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Having been newly established as a protectorate of the Dutch Empire, military forces from the Lowlands are moved into the region and garrisoned in major cities and forts to secure the territory and crush any rebellion. The city of Singapore is established as the regional capital of our administration in Malacca. A fort begins construction in the city to protect our administration, and to protect the straits from attack. A port also begins construction in the city to facilitate a large naval garrison.
    • Brunei: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Having been newly established as a protectorate of the Dutch Empire, military forces from the Lowlands are moved into the region and garrisoned in major cities and forts to secure the territory and crush any rebellion.
    • Borneo: This turn is officially dedicated to military. We begin establishing trade routes and posts in the new territory, to trade with locals on the island.
    • Dutch India: This turn is officially dedicated to military. We begin constructing a series of trade posts on the island of Ceylon, as well as naval bases to station a small navy. Military operations in Kotte are continued, with many rebellious citizens being arrested.
    • Minahasa: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Minahasa is created out of a series of eastern settlements in the East Indies. We begin converting and assimilating the natives. The largest settlement, known as Manado, is designated as the region capital. The settlement’s fortifications are expanded, and a military garrison is stationed in the city to protect settlers from native attacks. A dock is also constructed and expanded to facilitate trade ships.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1617, Bavaria expands its economy. The population continues to rise. King Franz-Albert II, aged 51, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. The Curia Bavaria order the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction in Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with  Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, and Scandinavia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice, and a future union with Hesse and currently a dynastic union with the Palatinate. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. In domestic news, King Franz-Albert II continues to attempt the propagation of the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 20% of Bavaro-Germany secondary speakers in Saxony and Wurzburg, as well as a slew of minority speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 10,000 remaining in Saxony, and 15,000 in Thuringia. Starting in 1595, several high Saxon nobles are displaced, mostly by having their titles and lands revoked, and given out to Bavarian nobility. In 1607, the question of Franz-Albert's marriage is no longer an issue, as it becomes apparent that he will not marry. Furthermore, rumors of the King being gay are an open secret. That in itself is not an issue to most courtiers or councillors. However, many detractors, many in Greater Saxony, continue to criticize the King and use the rumor to their full advantages. In September, Franz-Albert II makes the decision to recognize his younger brother Johann, born 1576, as his heir. Johann already has six children, in order of age, Maria-Sofia, Isabella, Leopold, Karl, and Catherine.
    • Grand Duchy of Landshut: Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. The Curia Bavaria continue to operate. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Munchen: By 1617, Queen Isabell University continues to grow. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Collegiate Writs begin to draw more men to college.
    • Duchy of Straubing: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Duchy of Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County Burgau: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Nurnburg Incident continues to remain in memory, having put the country into a startled stupor for the majority of 1561.
    • County of Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Bamberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Greater Saxony: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Adalbert II normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion. Adalbert II dies in 1599, and the Saxon throne passes to Franz-Albert II.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Duchy of Swabia-Württemberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Franz-Albert is proclaimed as Duke of Swabia-Württemberg.
    • Nei Baiern: The colony of Nei Baiern, reaching a population of 2100, expands this year. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, and Bayreuth all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. In 1595, the settlement of Bayreuth is founded in Jülichsberg in early March. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 250 sq km northward up the Wilhelmsbaum coast, 250 sq km around the south end of the island onto the Pacific coast, 50 sq km on the mainland eastward of Jülichsberg, 100 sq km southward onto the smaller island south of Katharinas-Hafen, and a final 100 sq km northward, past Jülichsberg, up the coast of mainland Borealia. In governmental news, Edmund von Jülich and Elisabeth von Habsburg-Wittelsbach continue to be married.
    • Austria: This turn in both our nation and the nations of Bohemia, Luxembourg, Austrian Switzerland, Lusatia, and our colonial territories and possessions is dedicated to military. We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port, to respond to dangers in the area and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren. With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Several ships begin construction in Trieste, Melilla, Venice, and other ports, to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and other trade partners, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. Expeditions to the New World continue to increase trade with our possessions, establishing a trade route between Westenland, Reichland, and the West Indies. Trade posts in the Caribbean are expanded and grow as they become more frequently visited. Neu Bruchhausen and Dominisburg continues to expand. We ask to buy back the territory of Kluftland from Hispania, and also offer a potential military alliance to ensure the safe transfer of the territory and to ensure our mutual defense in the future. Military from the time of our union with Spain continues to be reformed and upgraded, forming the tercio, an infantry formation made up of pikemen, swordsmen and arquebusiers in a mutually supportive formation. Each tercio is standardized at 3000 soldiers, and drilled to be proficient in combat. We ask to purchase Westenland back from France, and also offer an alliance in Africa, promising to aid them in their colonial endeavours.
  • Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: This turn is dedicated to military development. We begin rebuilding our nation’s manpower and military capabilities after the series of recent wars. Trade continues between neighboring nations and allies, as well as to our colonies in the Imperial Sea. Ship production is increased in our ports, with new shipyards and docks being constructed to facilitate larger garrisons of trade ships and military vessels. A small castle begins construction in Gdansk to protect the city and harbor.
    • Polish Imperial Isles: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Steady streams of colonists reach the island of St Stanislaus, where they will soon be sent onto the islands of St Otto and Nowy Krakow to settle.

1618

Citizens of Raigama start becoming very upset with the government, as troops roam around black markets, taking thing to their liking, and abuse the local vendors. As the Raigaman government tries to eradicate the black market, it becomes so, and the economy slowly moves toward its devastated state.

The Chinese states develop a balance of power system, making alliances as one state makes too much success, and getting rid of them to try become the Hegemon of China.

  • Raigama: Citizens of Raigama start becoming very upset with the government, as troops roam around black markets, taking thing to their liking, and abuse the local vendors. As the Raigaman government tries to eradicate the black market, it becomes so, and the economy slowly moves toward its devastated state. Military, economy, navy, and infrastructure improve very slowly. Seeing the effect and outcome of the recent edict Samir II removes the edict, so hopefully the market can get back on track. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Raigama. Samir II orders that all official affairs to be handled in the more reliable Dutch Guilder. The king also orders Rajakaas to be officially decommissioned and removed (melted). Slightly more of the army is given Dutch military training, and old Dutch weapons. Population increases. The navy is ordered to explore more around India. King Samir II continues to allow the building of naval bases and trade posts in Raigama. Samir II also supports the Dutch military operations in Kotte. Raigman and Kottan schools begin to teach the language of Dutch, and subjects influenced by western schools.
    • Kotte: Kotte mainly increases its economy and infrastructure. The Kotte Army are given training and weapons like the Raigaman army. King Samir also orders Kotte currency to be decommissioned. Dutch architecture and infrastructure continue to influence Kotte. The number of rebellious citizens in Kotte continues to lower due to the Dutch military operations.
    • Nava Kotte: Nava Kotte becomes a good trade post, used in trading with Ayutthaya, Dai Viet, and Dutch colonies in Indonesia. The colony assembles a very miniscule armed force to defend the island.
  • Mongol Khanate: The Mongols continue expanding their economy.
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the naus continue being used. Naval explorations directed to the west continue. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz expands north by 2500 sq km. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz. Meanwhile, pau-brasil (brazilwood) starts to be extracted in the colony.
  • Wu China: We continue building up Shanghai. Our economy increases.
    • Hispanian Dip: Hispania, in an attempt to alleviate some monetary issues of Wu and establish friendly relations with at least one of the Chinese successors, offers to purchase Shanghai in exchange for some support in trying to retake China and gaining preferential Spanish trade in China.
    • Wu China: We accept, under terms that Hispania helps us take China through support.
  • The Tartary: Continues expansion into Siberia up the three major rivers quite rapidly. As they expand up the rivers, some Ket, Evenki and Sakha people begin requesting for a bit more autonomy, which comes under consideration of the Tatar government. They begin discussing the issues of local rule by the tribal chiefs of the area. Meanwhile, the construction of the Church of Holy Wisdom and the Great Library of Sarai, as well as smaller churches and universities in the nation, continue construction. The population experiences quick growth, as farming is very productive this day. The economy also expands with this and construction efforts, as well as with the displacement of Turks. The Turks continue being encouraged to separate amongst themselves and look for individual prosperity rather than collective cooperation, promising them great wealth if they go live amongst the other ethnic groups to the East. To convince the Turks to move eastward, the infrastructure of Siberia is developed. Roads are constructed in the east of the nation, especially connecting with the Volga basin; roads are also constructed in the west, and forts also continue construction. The military is expanded in the nation, in order to help enforce the decisions if the Turks prove to be uncooperative. The Pacific fleet, seen as more important by the Grand Kurultay of the Nation, begins being developed, as ten new ships begin construction. One larger ship, inspired on things heard about a Britannian warship, is comissioned; it is to be finished in 18 years' time, as planning continues. This heavily improves the economy of the eastern coast of the nation, leading to big population growth and economic development, as the lumber and construction industries build up. The Chagatay Khaganate begins to be vassalised. It should be finished by 1586. Twenty thousand troops are sent to aid the Damascans to put down the revolt. (send M).
    • Mangut Nivkhgu: Continues territorial development, expanding down the coast of Sakhalin and southward in their mainland at quite rapid rates (almost 10,000 sq km, in fact). The sons of Mang Hangut are heavily interested in stories by their Tatar masters of the territories to their north, and they still wish to establish their "great empire in the white North". Henceforth, the city of Ñeƞdaqo opens its first ever shipyard, which begins construction. It is expected it will be finished by 1598. More bananas and oranges reach the nation, and the bakers much rejoice as this means more business for their own pastries, which grow more delicious by the day. It is known that the pastries from Mangut Nivkhgu are inherently superior to those of the rest of the world, and the best and most important among all of them, the Tiger's Hand Pastry, might have begun development around this time. The rejoicing of the bakers leads to much economic activity, and the great taste of Nivkh pastry fills the national coffers with gold. The military begins to be constructed to protect the army of bakers and the coffers of the nation from any foreign incursion. Mangut Nivkhgu also develops road networks to connect itself with the rest of the Tatar empire of influence. With some lemmings being seen back in the nation, the local rulers are glad to uphold their treaty, and allow them back whenever they want.
    • the Empire of Parthia: continues its radical reformation of their nation. The road system on the Golestani coast continues to be developed, and its heavily fertile land begins to be farmed more lucratively. The Parthian population grows quite quickly as great farming is increased. The Four noble houses continue looking for the rest of the houses that have not yet been discovered; those are Sohae, Parni and Suren. The farming on the fertile Hyrcanian coast is heavily developed. This makes the population grow quickly; Parthia is much of the source for more tropical foodstuffs in the Tatar breadbasket, and it makes Permic merchants want to buy them at very high rates. The military is feveloped by initiative of the Mihran of Rayy, who are closer to the border and feel less safe. The Houses of Mihran, Sasan, Dahae and Karen agree to centralise their military forces and modernise them, as well as make the most of their highland territory, the birth of Parthia's ultra-defensive policy. Forts and railroads are constructed throughout the nation. Two new large ports are constructed to connect Tatar shipping rates to Mazandarani ones.
    • The Khanate of Khiva: Continues economic and military development. The population does not grow rapidly like in the rest of the Tartary, but does grow, as some Turks settle in the nation and some Kazakhs and Karalparak people settle down in cities. The Khivan authorities completely allow Islam full rights, but it is markedly on decline, as reported by major missionaries who show that attendance to Mastoravic temples is ever larger, and some mosques have been forced to shut down. The road system and economy are developed, as is the Khivan army.
    • The Emirate of Bukhara: Also develops its economy and military. Notably high birthrates are noted amongst the Bukhori Jews. Many Turks arrive on the nation, and begin settling down in the major cities, especially Samarkand and Tashkent, but they keep away from the Tajik regions in the centre and east of the nation. The Mastoravic faith has made many inroads into the nation, especially in the major cities; some estimates believe that up to half the population was Mastoravic, after fifty years of constant missionary work. The population quickly grows. The economy is developed through the construction of road systems with China and Khiva.
    • The Khanate of Azov: Slso continues rapid development. The cities of Ine' Fëdor-Osh and Özu-Cale become extremely large, holding large amounts of the population. The city of Bashmachka is founded in the Dnieper river by Crimean Goths, and many Tatars from the right bank of the Dnieper move to the region around the nation. The economy and military are rapidly developed, as are the fortresses of the main ports.
    • The Principality of Chernihiv: develops as well. The population shows quick growth as many Ukrainians leave to the area. However, they unwittingly bring in the Mastoravic faith and extremely heavy Tatar and Volga Uralic influences to their language. The Ukrainian language continues to diverge from standard East Slavic. The economy is developed, as is the military.
    • The Principality of Perm: Continues to develop its huge trade empire. Trade spreads as far west as Scandinavia and Europe and as far east as Mangut Nivkhgu. This leads to great economic growth. The population experiences huge growth and the economy does as well, with money flowing in tonnes by the population. The military is also developed, as forts are constructed in the western border, and roads are constructed. The nation experiences an economic boom.
    • The Khanate of Bajkal: also experiences development. While the population is not very conductive to growth, the economy is, with many native species and Bajkal water making great rare goods for trade. the military is a lot more prestigious, because of its "seven banners" organisation. Development occurs there.
  • Ayutthaya: We continue to spread European dialect through Ayutthaya and Spanish becomes dominant over Dutch language. Our trade with the Spanish makes the spreading of dialect easy in our large trading cities. The construction of the western ports continue and Lower Dawei becomes our largest trade and military port, shortly followed by Nakon Pathom. Education continues to westernize and we greatly accept science and mathamatics in our schools. However, we do not spread western religions. Trade routes are improving on mainland and are grown for quicker and easier trade between the cities of Ayutthaya, Nakon Pathom, Lanna, and Lower Dawei. We also continue to grow our suburbs and invest large amounts of money into agricultural growth to fuel our growing population and to support the new population of Aceh.
    • Lanna: The population of Lanna continues to become happy with the vassalisation of their land. Lanna City begins having new market growth after trade with Bengal is opened through their border. Military presence in Lanna is still high and we continue to develop schools and markets to help the economy of the region thrive.
    • Ayutthayan Nicobar: Our navy continues to use the Nicobar as an outpost where they can be repaired and restocked. The Thai population of the Nicobar grow and the native Nicobar people continue to thrive on the island of Teressa and Bompoka where their culture is supported by us. More schools and facilities are built on Nicobar to help support our population of the islands.
    • Aceh: The protesters begin calming down and accepting our rule over their land. The trade of their spices and especially logging becomes very rescourceful and we pay them back with lots of food to grow the region. Schools continue to teach Ayutthayan values and we westernise the region with science, mathamatics and Spanish dialect. The port of Aceh grows and many trade ships find it quicker and easier to dock in Aceh.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo and Ulsan.
  • Vorlayacor: Northwest expansion continues; roads and settlements are expanded accordingly. Mapuche relocation has been a large success. Nearly all Mapuche families who desired to leave their homes have been relocated to Vorlayacor and have established their homes and trades in northwestern settlments. The Tapuia people have also begun to move closer to the coast.
  • Hispania: The Spanish populace hovers around 14.2 million and thanks in large part to the implementation of learned Incan farming methods, and the incorporation of some of the new American staple crops into Spanish diet. Population growth, however, is becoming increasingly stunted by many Spaniards - even some of noble birth - immigrating to the colonies and other territories overseas. The immigration of multiple high nobles confuses the parliament and King but allows this to continue seeing it as a way to organize troops and territories further under the Viceroy. The economy, thanks to the aggressive colonialism, continues to expand immensely and the Spanish economy becomes the most powerful in the world following the collapse of China. This has led to the Spanish economy becoming the dominant trading force on many economies in europe. Hispania undergoes reforms in the military using new firearms which are easier to load to reform the Carolingian infantry into a more organized and powerful line infantry force. The empire using previous connections with Chinese traders and bereaucrats establishes the Spanish China Sea Company and in conjunction with much of the trade power in Spanish control begins to influence the Chinese economy toward near total reliance on silver from Spain to keep their economies functioning. With the acquisition of Shanghai the city is to be occupied by nearly 1000 true born Spanish soldiers from the Philippines garrison and another 2000 Sepoy troops taken direct control of from Dawei and Cochin and sent. The City itself also sees nearly 7000 recruits as the Spanish military undergoes its usual routine of taking new territory in Asia. The Spaniards also station nearly 50 ships there unsure of how reaction in the new city will be to the people that the city was bought from. The Spanish ships are assigned to keep piracy in the area down and make sure an established trade route comes to fruition with the whole of the empire.
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army now consists of 30,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a trade fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships. 15,000 troops are sent with a decent amount being mercenaries.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The New King (King of Spain) is installed on the throne of Lombardy as his military leadership will be needed in the kingdom and the crown is tied with the Spanish one just as the Italian crown is. With this, he begins a process toward rebuilding the economy and military of the kingdom. The military is a raised force of 25,000 with many of them being pro-Spanish Hispanicized Italians which have been rapidly spreading across Italy. The population of Lombardy is at an estimated 1.5 million and counting. The Nation's economy is now in a process of integration into the Hispanian economy.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella. Its military forces are expanded to about 5000.
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavy under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Vatican City is re-instated as the Pope requested a small enclave of the Papacy for himself. Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population is two million. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about 1.5 million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had.
    • Mapuche: The Mapuche people begin to see the first mixed children between Spanish and Mapuche people. The Spanish institute the Ecomienda system. However, the Spanish governor, in order to keep control of the people, orders the Spanish heads of the system to treat the natives fairly in order to prevent mass deaths from overworking and resentment. Spanish farming techniques have definitely prevented starvation as the Mapuche continue to expand toward the coast building a road to connect it all. The Spanish governor, also using the local Mapuche as scouts, is able to expand much more than the Buenos Aires colony and uses this to his advantage to secure more land to be able to turn over to Spanish settlers. The royal governor ramps up expansion for some of the new plantation owners setting up expanding the the territory by 5000 sq km. The population of the Mapuche people is lowly put at about 15,000 with about 40,000 Spanish settlers living within the borders. The sharp increase in Mapuche is purely built out of many Mapuche starting to come back in order to live in peace under the Hesperian league's mandates.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Spanish begin to sponsor settlers in Morelia to begin expanding on the continent down the coast. (5000 sq km). The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.2 million with many living within the Cuba island territory.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand, the mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The Military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha is counted at nearly nine million with the inclusion of large native cities, expansion of the borders farther north, and the immigration of Spaniards. With this, however, a few prominent priests in Hispania have made it quite obvious that the integrated native cities should be left alone outside of tribute collection and troop levies in order to preserve the working potential of their population and prevent disease from totally wiping them out. Many, however, have begun to see a large rise in immunity to diseases such as smallpox. The Tenocha expand by 8000 sq km.
    • Mission of Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the disorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the disorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the Church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezians, unable to select a king from their remaining nobles, delegate to the Queen of Spain (Castile and Aragon) who chooses a man named Antonio Lo Grato to rule as Prince of Venice in place of the Queen of Spain. A well acclaimed and respected man, he immediately enacts reforms. The Venezian economy with access to the Spanish economy begins to recover and for the first time in years due to this. The Venezians begins its long road to naval recovery and begins to use its vast knowledge to begin building ships not only for itself but acquires the blueprints to improve on Spanish ships to allow for sale back to the king. The Venezian military is also raised to a token force of about 10,000 due to its location but remains lightly armed and unable to project power or fight any unsupported offensives.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 45,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. The Colonial population hovers above one million with a few thousand settlers with more people in recent years deciding to settle in the Mapuche and Chilean territories as ranchers, farmers and crop growers. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy in order to expand the food supply of the large colony expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas.. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. The Colony continues to expand 75 px. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. Of many cities developing some begin to gain large populations as well with multiple cities farther north and south develop heavily. Buenos Aires and San Sorento are the two largest cities in the colony with Buenos Aires maintaining 50,000 people and San Sorento maintaining about 30,000 people. Both cities are large coastal port cities.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand lowers to 45,000 colonists as many die to disease. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 50 px.
    • New Granada: The colony of New Granada - formerly San Francisco - sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 55 px. The colony's population expands to around 55,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the colony of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 15,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco city.
    • Philippines: Spanish continue to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. The Spanish then begin to send in a royal governor who makes plans to expand the island nation, and begins work on its economy and military to do so. Gold and silver from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Colony itself. The Philippines expand (now 50 px) per Spanish order as the potential for hostile natives and other threats in the area has led to a switch in policy as well as the movement of nearly 2000 Spaniards and a fleet of nearly 20 warships to the area preventing any force from attacking to continue expansion. With the close of the revolt, the Chinese people within the borders are expelled by any means necessary.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals, and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy.
    • Chile: The few hundred Spanish settlers who established some terraced farms and a small town expand settlements in the mountains to avoid earthquakes and other acts of God. The area is militarily supported by the CMA located in the Inca and a force of about 2000 is used to maintain order in the area. The Chilean royal governor along with the Colonial Authority begins to increase the economy of the area and is planning on a period of expansion coming up in the next few years. Chile continues to expand increasing to nearly 5000 sq km of Aymara territory and the discovery of massive silver deposits in which a native city now taken by Spaniards already stands, the population of Chile explodes with many gold and silver seekers moving to the area with the Spanish populace of Chile increasing from a mere 2000 to nearly 10,000 in a year and the natives further being integrated, especially the Aymara people. The population of the controlled territory is an estimated 250,000 and more being integrated and authority of the crown being imposed upon by the day.
    • East African Protectorates: This military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port and the company buys nearly 15 top-of-the-line ships from Spain to maintain her interests in the area. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. Spain properly also sells about 25 top-of-the-line war galleons and frigates to the company here. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 100,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Cochin: The troops following the seizure are scaled down to 1000 troops led and trained by Spanish officers. The economic output of the area is considerably large for a new acquisition with the agriculture expanded to be able to supply most of Hispania's territories in the region. This output is expanded to to include whatever metals are included and is to be included in the Spanish global trading network. The Royal governor of Cochin is established in the city of Bago, the areas gretest port city and impressed with it the Hispanian governor makes it the capital of the Spanish territory of Cochin. As a militaristic governor he immediately begins plans to keep the region secure and prevent further uprising, as well as make the territory profitable for him, and keep the Spanish East India Company out of the area. Cochin maintains an estimated population of about 450,000 and growing thanks to the economic opportunity of working and providing trade goods for Spain. Cochin begins to expand into the disorganized territory to the south in search of more resources (50 px).
    • Dawei: Dawei is continually rebuilt from the initial revolts and the city begins to experience an increase in trade and Spanish investment. The military of the area is increased to about 500 Sepoy troops with a support of about three Spanish war galleons to keep the peace. The city itself expands to start becoming a much more metropolitan city attracting many traders from across the area that cannot set up shop in the Spanish territory of Cochin. The City is finally fully rebuilt as a major trade port with a population of about 45,000.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 3900 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand eastward by 700 sq km. The government decides to move on the Dutch reformists by allowing them to remain on the French territory, however, putting some taxes for allowing them free passage in French land. However, the French government makes clear that their beliefs are with Catholicism and that any attempt of violent expansion will be considered as an act of aggression and hence the Dutch-Wallon reformist may be persecuted. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans in the area of OTL Cundinamarca in the search of the Aureana - a city made of gold - in the vicinity of several lakes. Although not finding the city lots of gold gods are found and sent to France in order to boost the economy back on its feet. Mining begins in the Pirouien mountains and the region of Equatoriale Province for gold and silver though only a few are found. The colony of Nouvelle Orleans divides in five provinces New Orleans OTL northern Colombia and Antioquia Sableville in North Western Venezuela, Equatoriale in southwest Colombia and Aurienne in the central areas and Emeraldia in central eastern Colombia. After years of ignoring an important part of the treaty, France decides helping Austria to rebuild initiating in the area of Tyrol and Western Austria. Due to close proximity to French Rhineland gold begins entering the economy of the country from Colombian and Peruvian mines. A colony is established. Saint Louis d'Africa continues expanding by 500 sq km and 200 sq km in Kenya. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The peasant revolt is ignored for now, although it proves the king that he may need to enforce a new politic in the rural-most areas of France. war in bayoogoulaa continues
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Rhineland officially withdraws from the HRE after the council votes 65 against 35 for withdrawing from the HRE, the council begins creating a constitution based on both German and French laws to establish within the area of the kingdom. Sends aid to the French in the Bayoogoulaa war.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Freibourg and Valais are withdrawn from the HRE following the withdrawal from the Rhineland.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • French Mali: Military and economy are built up.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
  • County of Oldenburg: Count Wilhelm (Emperor William III of Britannia), dies in his sleep at the grand old age of 78. He is succeeded by his son Alfred, who visits Oldenburg for his coronation and impresses all with his excellent German, despite having been raised almost exclusively in Britannia. He stays for about half the year before departing, re-instating the Prince-Bishop of Osnabruck as Regent. Neu Norderney expands 200 px down the coast, military improves.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The populace is, quite frankly, sick of the Assistant Bishop running the shop. He is still no fun, and is unfortunately quite young. He has not attended the Buhnefest in years, and mainly sits in his office actually being productive. Calls start to be bandied about asking the Prince-Bishop to stand down as Regent of Oldenburg in order to bring fun back to Osnabruck.
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: The newly returned troops continue to train in European tactics, while rearming with weapons made locally and purchased from Oldenburg. The military expands as the population grows. The spread of the Latinized Cree alphabet continues, with books including the Bible, classical works such by Plutarch, Plato, Caesar and others, and modern works now translated. Many learn to read, as it is now necessary for advancement in the government. Efforts to unite with the Moose Cree continue (Turn Eighteen of Twenty) continue. Christianity continues to spread, while many Christianized Cree learn to speak German from the missionaries. Settlers continue to move south, where the land is proving excellent for farming. Potatoes, wheat and cassina are cultivated in huge quantities here to supply the growing population. The nation expands 5000 km around the nelwy discovered Chimiwanit Lake. Winipakw expands 500 km. The new fleet continues to improve trade, especially with Europe, during summer months, and a new ship is completed this year, bringing the fleet to a total of 20 ships.
    • Nemaska: Nemaska works to rebuild its infrastructure and economy from the war. Modern farming techniques are introcuded to supply a population of about 75,000. The economy improves and the population increases in consequence.
    • Chisasibi: The lands of the Eastern Cree, now renamed Chisasibi to remove any ideas of sub-ethnic groups within the Cree people, works to recover from the war. Two Sachems are appointed from it to the Council. Conversion to Christianity begins.
  • Nehilaw DIp.: A trade deal is requested with Brittany. (Mod Response Needed).
  • Tibet: Buddhist temples are continuing to be built. Roads are continuing to be fixed so that travelers on the silk roads can easily get to our nation. Our own version of the arquebus gun is being made. Farming is our most important industry. We mine resources in our caves. We ask the people of our nation if they can help increase the population. The military is increasing due to new training that has been made. This new training is line infantry training with marching aspects. The military is becoming bigger due to new tech and more people joining.
      • Nepal: We build up our military and economy.
      • Chutiya: We build up our military and economy.
      • Shan States: We build up our military and economy.
  • Zapoteca: Zapoteca continues trading with the newly independent nations on the Imperial Gulf, mainly Chitimach and Mikasuki (Seminoles): Trade continues in earnest with Mikasuki, to uplift the nation economically. The Emperor continues financing Spanish settlers to come to the kingdom and marry into the population. Trade increases and continues with the Spanish. The Emperor expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move freer between them. The military, which had been outdated for many years, continues to be upgraded. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. Naval technology is rapidly advanced under the Spanish with an advancing fleet of 25 light and medium ships purchased from Spain. The Emperor orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Itzapam continues prospering under Zapotecan rule, improving their military. Zapoteca expands 7500 sq km north with the help of Spanish explorers.
  • Tsardom of Croatia: Croatia focuses primarily on its economy. Trade routes are strengthened after and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the King and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HKRM (Hrvatska Kraljevska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the Tsar. The Tsar issues an organizational reform, hoping to effectively improve the administrative divisions and making sure that the power of the nobility is finally obliterated. Tvrtko Krešimir VI ascends the throne as Tsar as his father Domagoj II dies after a feast. It is suspected that he was poisoned by Hungarian separatists.
    • Croatian Knyazdom of Western Hungary: The Knyazdom's economy is primarily expanded. Because of the demographic issues caused by the war, numerous male Croats migrate to Hungary to balance as well as nobles from the Gorjanski family. Nikola Gorjanski's wife gives birth to a young daughter named Clara.
  • Kingdom of Bavaria: In 1618, Bavaria expands its economy. The population continues to rise. King Franz-Albert II, aged 52, and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port. The Curia Bavaria order the Bavarian Army to be outfitted in modern uniform and to hold modern weaponry. Snaphaunce rifles make their introduction in Bavaria. In diplomatic news, Bavaria maintains alliances with  Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, and Scandinavia. Bavaria has royal ties with Austria, Hamburg, Hispania, Britannia, France, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Italy, and Venice, and a future union with Hesse and currently a dynastic union with the Palatinate. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In political news, the Curia Bavaria continue to implement the Bavarian Commands and Collegiate Writs into a codified, national law. In domestic news, King Franz-Albert II continues to attempt the propagation of the Bavarian dialect of German. So far, there has been an uptick of 20% of Bavaro-Germany secondary speakers in Saxony and Wurzburg, as well as a slew of minority speakers in Swabia. In colonial news, Nei Baiern continues to expand. A portion of the Bavarian army remains in Greater Saxony, with 10,000 remaining in Saxony, and 15,000 in Thuringia. Starting in 1595, several high Saxon nobles are displaced, mostly by having their titles and lands revoked, and given out to Bavarian nobility. In September, Franz-Albert II makes the decision to recognize his younger brother Johann, born 1576, as his heir. Johann already has six children, in order of age, Maria-Sofia, Isabella, Leopold, Karl, and Catherine. In 1618, wanting to put down Hamburg influence once and for all, Franz-Albert II and the Curia Bavaria declare war on Hamburg, calling the alliances of Rome, Westphalia, and Scandinavia. We send 50,000 troops and siege equipment.
    • Grand Duchy of Landshut: Trausnitz continues to be the national capital. The Curia Bavaria continue to operate. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Grand Duchy of Munchen: By 1617, Queen Isabell University continues to grow. Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Collegiate Writs begin to draw more men to college.
    • Duchy of Straubing: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Duchy of Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County Burgau: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The Nurnburg Incident continues to remain in memory, having put the country into a startled stupor for the majority of 1561.
    • County of Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Bamberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • County of Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. War is declared on Hamburg, 25,000 troops are sent.
    • Grand Duchy of Greater Saxony: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Grand Duke Adalbert II normalizes taxes in an effort to subset any rebellion. Adalbert II dies in 1599, and the Saxon throne passes to Franz-Albert II.
    • Bremen Port: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Several cogs are constructed, and plans are drafted to construct many larger ships. Several modern warships and trade vessels begin construction at Bremen Port.
    • Duchy of Swabia-Württemberg: Troops authorized by Franz-Albert continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. Franz-Albert is proclaimed as Duke of Swabia-Württemberg. War is declared on Hamburg, 25,000 troops are sent.
    • Nei Baiern: The colony of Nei Baiern, reaching a population of 2100, expands this year. Katharinas-Hafen, Franznacken, and Bayreuth all expand by the end of the year. Houses and shops in each settlement continue being built. In 1595, the settlement of Bayreuth is founded in Jülichsberg in early March. Jülichsberg and Wittlesberg both expand. Nei Baiern expands 250 sq km northward up the Wilhelmsbaum coast, 250 sq km around the south end of the island onto the Pacific coast, 50 sq km on the mainland eastward of Jülichsberg, 100 sq km southward onto the smaller island south of Katharinas-Hafen, and a final 100 sq km northward, past Jülichsberg, up the coast of mainland Borealia. In governmental news, Edmund von Jülich and Elisabeth von Habsburg-Wittelsbach continue to be married.
      • Nehilaw Dip: A trade agreement with Bavaria is requested, as increased access to Borealian goods would improve its economy.
      • Bavarian Dip: We agree to a trade agreement.
  • Westphalia: We declare war on Hamrburg, sending 50,000 of our men to deal with Hamburg through Bruchhausen/Luneburg/Bremen while the remaining 42,000 men in our army moves to Munster to attack the Hamburgers there.
    • East Cologne: We declare war on Hamburg.
    • East Trier: We declare war on Hamburg.
    • Mainz: We declare war on Hamburg.
    • Palatinate: We declare war on Hamburg.
  • Scandinavian Empire: Angered by Hamburg's attacking of Scandinavian ships, the Riksdag and the King elect to invade Hamburg, hoping to take advantage of the Bavarian invasion of Hamburg. The First and Second Fleets move to blockade Holstein and Lubeck's coasts. In the meantime, armies from Brandenburg and Schleswig invade Holstein and Mecklenburg respectively. John II is reported saying, "Apparently peace was out of the question." In the meantime, the University of Stockholm builds a new addition to the campus. The Third Law of Planetary motion is published by Jan Stepson in Copenhagen. Stepson, responsible for numerous other observations in the Scandinavian scientific community, considers building an observatory in Copenhagen.
    • Attawandaron: Improves militia.
    • Brandenburg: Declares war on Hamburg.
    • Greater Ingria: Ingria works desperately to provide a bountiful harvest for this year. In the meantime, the military is bolstered.
    • Huronsmark: The military is established.
    • Iceland: Works to recover from this winter. Iceland got hit particularly hard with this winter. The military is expanded.
    • Karelia: Works to recover from this winter. The military is expanded.
    • Nynorge: Suffers a massive setback from this winter. No expansion occurs.
    • Pomerania: Brandenburg works with Pomerania to produce a surplus for this year. The successful harvest, mainly inspired by fear of a similar winter later this year, provides Brandenburg and Scandinavia with the foodstuffs it needs. The military is expanded.
    • New Gotland: Works to recover from this winter. The military is expanded.
    • Schleswig: Declares war on Hamburg
    • Strombek: Works to recover from this winter. The military is expanded. Strombek expands by 2000 sq km toward the Hudson Bay.
    • Vinland: Works to recover from this winter. The military is expanded.
  • Roman Empire: Tragically, Theodore III dies this year, and on his deathbed feels like a failure. Despite this, he is loved by the vast majority of his subjects, and even the Borealian natives and the Serbs hold some fondness for him. His son Thomas takes the throne after a coronation involving the traditional Iron Crown, Bridle, and Lance, becoming Thomas II. Different from his father, Thomas II is much more concerned about the internal stability of the Empire and its territory, and as such is committed to resolving such issues. He orders an inspection of all military fortifications in Greece, Albania, Phoenicia, and Taurica to ensure that they are all properly garrisoned and fortified. He also expands the networks of forts in Anatolia, and increases the number of troops garrisoned in Anatolian territories. Continuing the policies of his father, Greeks are encouraged to move to Anatolia, and refounded settlements like Prussia, Illium and Ephesus begin to grow again as a result. Thomas II continues his father's policies of converting the Berbers in Cyrenaica to Christianity, offering those who do lower taxes and political incentives. Previous policies are kept with Turkic inhabitants of Roman territories, however, few Turks actually leave, amounting to maybe a few hundred every year. However, Thomas II discovers that his father was so focused on European interests that the Empire's colonies are largely defenseless, and makes efforts to change this. Fortifications are already present at Atlantis and Socotra, but other than that, the colonies are largely void of such defenses. Forts are, therefore, built in Roanoke, Powhatan, Delaware, and Yamasee, defending vital colonial cities like Reme, Avelinia, and Patropolis. Reme gets the most of the defenses, with twin forts guarding the sound, as well as small outposts outfitted with cannon on the outer banks. Reme is also equipped with a shipyard and armory to provide the troops stationed there with adequate weaponry and transport. At the colony of Antillia, fortified outposts are also constructed and equipped with cannon. The same happens in Malabar. To further expand the security of these colonies, relations with the Borealian natives are made a priority, and commitments with the Powhatan, Delaware, Taino, and Yamasee natives are extended. Roman officers train the natives in European tactics, and some educated natives are invited to take part in the government of the colonies. While this does help expand support amongst the natives, the ones in the interior are still hostile to Roman interests, and as such the Empire holds off. These improvements are largely possible thanks to an expansion of the Roman economy and the new quantity of trade goods available. Trade with Urdustan provides gems, opium, cannabis, and cotton to European markets, supplementing the rubber and pepper exported by Malabar. In the colonies, cash crops like rice, tobacco, hemp, indigo, and cotton are exported and make a sizable profit, while a few in Antillia begin experimenting with sugarcane. Socotra and Phoenicia provide dyes, and Phoenicia in particular provides high quality lumber such as cedar. Back in the mainland, Greece provides ample quantities of silver, marble, wine, raisins, saffron, fish, and olive oil. Constantinople, already the silk capital of Europe, expands its considerable trade influence and wealth. Whereas Theodore III sought to expand the Empire to its previous borders, Thomas II seems determined to make sure the gains of the last century are not lost. Serbia begins to merge into the Empire's government, and already the region begins to see some benefits. The cheaper tariffs on Serbia's iron ore helps out Serbian merchants, while the population grows thanks to increased and cheaper food imports. With the call to arms by Bavaria, the Imperial government decides to declare war on Hamburg, citing the alliance with Bavaria and Scandinavia as well as some territorial ambitions. As such, 50,000 troops and seige weapons are sent north to assist the allied efforts.
    • Reme: Fortifications continue to be built, especially in cities like Reme, Avelinia and Patrapolis. Cash crops, like tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo, are continued to be planted in newly acquired area from expansion. Young men, about the number of 700, are given training to join the Roman navy and military back in Europe. The colony is re-inforced with about five ships, some of them galleons and frigates, and 1000 Roman soldiers. While the colony is split up by Hamburg's colony, a series of roads are constructed to help the colonists move around. A few small outposts are constructed throughout the colony to help prevent highwaymen from appearing. Native militias are further trained and equipped with Roman military ordnance. Faced with increased piracy in the area, the colonial authorities decide to act. Unable to target the pirates that take refuge inside New Pomerania, the colonial fleets decide it would be better to limit their ability to hide. Roman fleets travel around the region of the Seminole and destroy pirate bases where they are found. To further protect the gains from the previous year, a fortress is constructed in the OTL Tampa Bay area and more outposts are constructed along the keys. Existing outposts are further fortified as the Empire continues to expand there. While not intended to be a settler colony, some people begin to move in, seeking new land to farm cash crops on and to live. As existing settlements are consolidated, no further inland expansion occurs, as it is presently too dangerous to expand farther than the coastal forts or outposts.
  • Tawatinsuyu: Military, navy and economy improve. The Inca government begins to quash the National's attacks against the Empire. Roughly 5% of the Inca population supports the nationals, with another 60% supporting the government. The remaining 30% are neutral. Population across the empire hits 1,900,000. Qusqo is currently the largest city, (160,000), followed by Peru (69,000), Machu Picchu (52,000), Chimu (27,000) and Sican (23,000). The Inca begin to push east as well. The areas taken in the push east are organized into the Willkapampa Wamani. The areas between the Wanka Wamani and Chimorsuyu are also incorporated into the empire. The total size of the army hits 29,000. Apeac I gives birth to his third child child, a daughter, who dies shortly after birth along with the child's mother. Cava hits the age of 13 while Apeac II hits age 8. The number of districts, or Wamani, in the empire is ten. They are, in decreasing order of population: Hanan Qosqo (410,000), Hurin Qosquo (266,000), Hurin Nazca (110,000), Wanka (109,000), Hanan Nazca (102,000), Hurin Chimor (98,000), Anti Chimo, (90,000), Aymara (66,000), Willkapampa (45,000), and La Paz (28,000). The four quarters, or Suyu of the empire, in decreasing order of population, are: Cuzco Suyu  (755,000),  Chimor Suyu (168,000), Nazca Suyu (282,000), and Aymara Suyu (67,000). Not every district falls under one of the Suyu. Following an attack on the La Paz settlement, it comes under direct control of the Inca government. The southern border expands to absorb it, making it into the La Paz district. The capital is founded as New Burgundy, to represent a large French minority in the empire, in OTL La Paz. Representing the large German minority, city with the creation of the Hesperian League, the Inca economy begins to expand and ties with Vorlyclayr and the Zapotec begin to deepen. Following the deepening ties with Spain, the Nationalist movement re-emerges, mostly in the eastern frontier. Having received ships from Spain, the Inca Navy is formed and the First Fleet of the Inca is christened. We thank Spain for the loan and we begin to reconstruct Hurin Nazca. "The Great Plague" makes a re-emergence in the Eastern and Western most districts, stunning growth outside of Cuzco Suyu.
    • Chiribaya Wamani: The Inca occupation of Chiribaya ends as a new capital is formed. The Capital is named Chirbaya Qosqo, (Chiribaya Central) and is located in OTL Tacna. Population of the nation hits 350,000. The Army of Chiribaya Wamani is formed, replacing the old Chiribaya War Band. Military, navy and economy improve. Chiribaya Qosqo is developed and the city of New Gibraltar is founded in OTL Monquegua. Population of Chiribaya Qosqo hits 50,000, while the population of New Gibraltar hits 35,000
  • The Empire of Britannia: Many ships are modernized and replaced to keep the British Royal Navy, a powerful force on the high seas. Port Edmundburg continues to experience a growth in population. The British Navy continues the construction of frigates and galleons. Plans to upgrade other parts of the navy are continued. Port William expands 1000 sq km around the coast of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola). Several cities including Plymouth and Edinburgh see massive expansion and beautification works. Plymouth sees new brownstone houses to support the growing British middle class. The University of Plymouth sees more intellectuals espousing wild and radical suggestions and begin championing rational though through the whole of Plymouth and into mainland Britannia. London sees a renewal of the arts, with modern architecture being found throughout the city. One artist proposed having ornate and beautiful fountains throughout the city. His plans were accepted as part of an urban renewal plan. Soon the capital of the Empire will be known as the City of Fountains. London sees such a growth and change thanks to the growing wealth of the Empire, the city begins developing a reputation as a forward thinking city entrapped in beauty and thought. The Westminster Exchange begins allowing greater freedom in stocks and adopts the Dutch method of joint stocks. Gerard Pictman creates the first "accurate" projection of the Earth on maps called the Pictman Map Projection. The Empire sees this new map and orders its adaptation. Troops are moved in the Port Katrina area as tensions with neighbors grow. The Spire of St Paul's continues being repaired. After the events of Norwich, the parliament relents and grants greater freedoms to land owners. The nation begins becoming a major center of arms construction. After the recent unrest locally and assassination attempts, the Templar Order is expanded and takes up the protection of the Emperor. Britannia has experienced a "Splendid Isolation" for a large part of the decade, but now the nation once again looks outward. The Empire attempts to maintain order during the famine, troops are concentrated around Britannia helping to keep order, the Patriarch of Canterbury calls all the faithful of Britannia to God is this time of need. A new series of historical books titled In Europa Imperium is written by renowned historian James Matthews, Volume I In Imperium Phoenix: A look at the Rebirth of Rome, focuses on the near death and then rebirthing of the Eastern Roman Empire. Other works will be written. This book comes on the heels of his first book; Imperium Britannica, chronicling the birth and expansion of the Britannic Empire from its days as a Roman province, to Albion, and to the current Empire. He releases two new volumes this year, Imperium Galliae From Division to World Power, and Imperium Hispania: Nation of World's Desire. Work continues on Vol V, Imperium Austria: The Rise and Fall of Central Europe's Domineering Power. The recent border clashes raise tensions between Scandinavia and Britannia has many colonists believe that the Scandinavians are behind the raids on inland communities. A new position, High Governor is established. The High Governor is an appointed position and is the final authority between the local governors of the L'nu and New Cambridgeshire and the Crown of Britannia. The High Governor, in his first act as governor, declares Britannic protection over the Iroquois as well as trade preferences between the tribes of the new world. This move was made in effort to calm the native raids and to keep other rivals at bay. I have returned!!!!! 
    • Calais: Military and navy are expanded. Calais experiences a remodel of its port facilities to help with trade.
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand the navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • New Dublin (Nuaphail): continues to expand 1000 sq km west and south. A large influx of settlers arrive from Eire.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newsspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • New Cambridgeshire: New Cambridgeshire expands by 1000 sq km west. Colonists begin to explore around the region and begin to have a large fishing boom. The Port of New Oxford is expanded to handle excess ships from Britannia and other European nations. A large influx of settlers arrive from Britannia, fueled by the fears and rumours of war. Due to the recent influx of furs, the local population booms. Shipping also booms as many new merchant vessels are constructed to meet demand.
    • Crown Colony Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Local support is slowly gaining ground. The Oyo territories are rolled into Ghana.
    • Colony of New Guerney: A flood of immigrants arrives to Port William at the island of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola) as the colony continues to experience an unprecedented influx of colonists. The colony expands 1000 sq km inland. Several new industries emerge as an increased demand for merchant marine ships rises.
    • L'nu Nation:  The proud L'nu continue to flourish under the wise rule of Britannia. Trade and diplomatic relations are extended to the Scandinavian colonies in the area. The L'nu expand 1000 sq km north. The native populations are treated with a bit more respect as Christian missionaries flood the area
  • The Consulate of Dacia: Dan, now a man of 48 resumes growing the economy and making the military stronger. The economy continues its inexorable upward trend, as greater colonial expansion leads to greater profits. The expansion and growth is product of years of peace within Romania, as well as the trade from Somalia. The average wealth of individuals continues to grow at a fairly steady rate. This causes a huge boom in land cultivation as the new-found wealth allows more land to be worked. Also Terraced farming, imported from Spain has allowed much once un-arable land to be used for farming. Terraced farms can be seen dotting the landscape. Dan takes notice of the new practice of terrace farming. He quickly implements a series of reforms to build many hundreds of these farms all along the Carpathians and in Bulgaria. Within Moldova a large number of cattle ranches begin to appear. The increase in beef production causes an increase in protein intake of the people. As the amount of protein in the average diet increases so does the height and strength of the populace. The life expectancy begin to rise with better sanitation spreading across all of Romania. Food surpluses drive down prices. The population begins to grow at an extremely rapid pace (2% growth rate) due to the sudden depression in food prices. Due to the better ranching leather prices drop quickly, allowing the military to begin re-equipping with buff coats. The coats are supplemented with chest plates as muskets begin to become more dangerous. Constanta Fabrică de Tun, continues developing its cannons. The cannons produced and developed at the factory begin to make the company quite rich and powerful. More work must be done to refine the cannons, but they are developing well. The army continues drilling with rotating ranks and pikes begin to be phased out by Flintlocks. More disputes occur in the senate. Constantius now a young man of 26, assists his father. The Eastern Trade Co. continues to grow.
    • Kiev: The military becomes more professional, and officers arrive from Dacia to train the soldiers. The economy grows more this year as much farmland becomes cultivated after years of disuse. The rapid population growth in Dacia causes an Immigration rush, as Romanians looking for cheap land swarm the southern half of Kiev.
    • Halych: Prince Yarlslav II continues growing the economy and military.
    • East Hungary: Work is done to improve and repair the infrastructure of the nation. The economy begins to recover with Dacian monetary aid. Voluntary deportation of Magyars to East Hungary begins.
    • Dacian Somalia: Trade with India continues, and the cities of Bosaso and Qandala grow slowly. The economy of Mogadishu continues to grow, production of raw materials continues. Meanwhile, the majority of European traders who make stops in Somalia prefer to land at Dacian Ports, as they enjoy the more familiar amenities afforded by the Dacian presence.
  • |onte: Continues to have a large surplus of grain and rice. Though adopting "western farming", the idea of "the tribe" is still very much so alive, as people always share the crops they have grown, or the animals they have hunted amongst the community. Due to the policy of planting tree groves, desert reclamation has started taking serious effect in some parts of |onte. This year has resulted in sixty elephants being killed. A new expansion of the elephant pen has begun. |onte's population rises to over 2,240,000. The city of Kunene, the city of marble, reaches almost 100,000 people. Mon VII takes on the expansion north 300 sq km (6 pixels) a year with the Eheresito hu Kunene. Mon V brings books from |onte to !Xoonte as a gift, and a few gifts of ivory hoping to improve relations with their King, and spread |on culture. Mon V begins teaching the King of Zimbabwe about the many wonders of literature and |on, along with giving him many gifts. So Kuneneli offers to sell the rest of his paintings to the British. It has become the fashion, in Kunene, for men to go without the traditional loincloth, and embrace masculinity. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers. Mon IX is ordains the first law of |onte, saying that foreign lands should not be encroached upon. Mon X proclaims himself Rikisi.
  • Pskov's Economy continues to boom in its golden age as the boons of war from the Livonian war(which include prestige and money) continue to give its economy new opportunities. More merchants start investing in production than ever before, relying much less on outside trade, giving Pskov more exports than imports, pushing its economy and GDP forward, as Pskov(and the neighbouring Narva) become seen as new destinations. The Veche ratifies a free trade agreement and single customs union with the Republiuc of Narva. The Pskovians open up their shops to the Narvans with open arms, and the first ships sold to the Narvan Navy are laid down this year in Pskov's Shipyards. Pskov's merchants take quick advantage of the new law, and begin trading with the newly formed state. The Veche gives the PIC the right to settle and govern territories in Africa under the PIC's African Division, udner the same conditions as the Borealean colonies: Profitability and good PR. The One trade in which the PIC is prohibited to take part in, however, is African slaves. Meanwhile, The Agricultural revolution continues as more and more farmers adopt new agricultuiral methods, increasing productivity. More water mills and windmills begin to be seen in the villages of Pskov, as some mechanization begins as people start producin in the crafts capital of Russia. Average Wages Increase and the GDP does along with it. The surplus of agricultural goods increases the population growth. Rum and Mead and Vodka become produced almost industrially by the Pskov mead Distilleries, and Other such establishments, knowing that they can be sold for lots of money, and the things they are priduced from cost almost nothing. The people at the University of Pskov begin to talk about "actions at a distance" binding Planets and moons together in their dance in the sky, the forces keeping the earth in orbit around the sun. Multiple acadmies are opened in Pskov and Nizhegorodsk, due to the economic boom, in order to give people better eduction. The zolotnik begins to be machine-struck in the Mints of Pskov and Nizhegorodsk-Na-Narve
    • The Republic of Narva: Continues its slow, but gradual Democratization. The Pskovian Garrison aids tremendously in establishing the new boundries of the fledgeling nation-state. Knyaz-Namestnik Volkov runs things his way, signing a free-trade agreement with Pskov, hoping that Pskov's merchants will aid in building up the economy in Narva. The Nation purchases its first naval vessels from Pskov, as they are laid down with what little money he has left. The Mint of Narva is opened, to mint Zolotniks with gold from merchants and silver as well. However, the Mint does not work very often, as there is not much gold to go around. But slowely cash is being made, as the economy of a backwater (compared to Pskov) begins to develop.
    • The Pskov Imperial Company does good on its profits this year, driving them to record numbers. Cash Crops like Tobacco and Cotton begin to be produced in the Colonial Islands alongside spices and sugar. The PIC sends another expedition to the Zimbabwe, to look for more gold. It is found, and negotiations begin to take place with the local governments as to establish both a trade relationship and propriety of future mining expeditions, namely the construction of gold mines in the area. to be run by the PIC of course. The first trade agreement is reached, and the small Pskovian trade post in the capital becomes a full-fledged office of the PIC. Meanwhile, on the other side of the continent, in Namibia, the PIC's African Division Discovers while exploring some beachside and conversing with natives, discovers the existance of some gems, and after taking a closer look, find diamonds ... scheming shall follow as the tradepost grows and the locals exchange commodities such as Alcohol for the Gems, not knowing their European value ...
  • Netherlands: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. In the European continent the Netherlands continues to grow culturally, economically, and scientifically, as promoted by the government. The cities of Amsterdam and Brussels remain the largest cities of the lowlands and their influence over the rest of the lowlands is starting to be seen. Lowland French continues to develop along separate lines then southern French, and the language continues to be important as both French and Dutch are spoken in the upper class and French is used for diplomatic ventures. The University of Brussels continues to flourish and the city itself is recognized as the most beautiful city in the Kingdom with only The Hague, Amsterdam and Namur rivaling it. The Palace of the Orient continues to be an important cultural centre in the city and the Mirza wing is built for the Mirza family to live in should they choose to. The Dutch navy is nearly completely remodeled now with modern ships replacing older models, which are scuttled or sold to privateers and merchants. We are glad Dai Viet has entered a military alliance with us, and we allow all protectorates to begin trading with them. We begin sending missionaries into Westphalia, in an effort to spread our faith.
    • Guiana: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. Settlements along the coast of Hesperia continue to grow and expand as settlers establish homes in the region. Merchants hoping to establish trade lines with the area expand the territory, establishing fortifications and private trade houses. Realizing how important trade is to the region, the Netherlands issues a decree that all major settlements must be equipped with a fort capable of hindering attack by sea. Towns are also required to have a trained militia to man fortifications. It is hoped that this new initiative will cut back on piracy and raiding in the region, and ensure colonies in the New World are adequately defendable in case of war. Dutch explorers continue to explore the New Rhine and Amazon Rivers charting the lands and waters of the interior. The settlements continue to grow and prosper as more land is set aside for farming and plantations and the cities along the coastline grow as trade grows in the region. Fighting against the natives in the interior intensifies as Dutch-Wallon colonists and explorers push the frontier and establish forts along them. More slaves are sold in the New World and to the Indian states particularly to Urdistan as demand increases.
    • Benin: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. As an autonomous part of the Dutch African Empire, Benin continues to develop. The first generation of European educated leaders arises, expanding infrastructure and schooling to educate the population.
    • Sunda: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Fortifications are built along major settlements to protect the region in case of attack. The city of Batavia especially is fortified with a garrison posted. The city also begins constructing docks to better facilitate trade and to house and repair a moderately sized fleet. The region becomes home to a small regional fleet to respond to crises in the region swiftly.
    • Malacca: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. Having been newly established as a protectorate of the Dutch Empire, military forces from the Lowlands are moved into the region and garrisoned in major cities and forts to secure the territory and crush any rebellion. The city of Singapore is established as the regional capital of our administration in Malacca. A fort begins construction in the city to protect our administration, and to protect the straits from attack. A port also begins construction in the city to facilitate a large naval garrison.
    • Brunei: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. Having been newly established as a protectorate of the Dutch Empire, military forces from the Lowlands are moved into the region and garrisoned in major cities and forts to secure the territory and crush any rebellion.
    • Borneo: This turn is officially dedicated to military. We begin establishing trade routes and posts in the new territory, to trade with locals on the island.
    • Dutch India: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. We begin constructing a series of trade posts on the island of Ceylon, as well as naval bases to station a small navy. Military operations in Kotte are continued, with many rebellious citizens being arrested.
    • Minahasa: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. Minahasa is created out of a series of eastern settlements in the East Indies. We begin converting and assimilating the natives. The largest settlement, known as Manado, is designated as the region capital. The settlement’s fortifications are expanded, and a military garrison is stationed in the city to protect settlers from native attacks. A dock is also constructed and expanded to facilitate trade ships. A company of two thousand soldiers is sent by the Dutch East India Company to the Banda Islands in order to force the local inhabitants to accept the Dutch trade monopoly on the lucrative nutmeg, grown almost exclusively on the Banda islands. The soldiers proceed to massacre most of the 15,000 indigenous inhabitants, establishing a settlement.
    • Austria: This turn in both our nation and the nations of Bohemia, Luxembourg, Austrian Switzerland, Lusatia, and our colonial territories and possessions is dedicated to economy. We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port, to respond to dangers in the area and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren. With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Several ships begin construction in Trieste, Melilla, Venice, and other ports, to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and other trade partners, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. Expeditions to the New World continue to increase trade with our possessions, establishing a trade route between Westenland, Reichland, and the West Indies. Trade posts in the Caribbean are expanded and grow as they become more frequently visited. Neu Bruchhausen and Dominisburg continues to expand. We ask to buy back the territory of Kluftland from Hispania, and also offer a potential military alliance to ensure the safe transfer of the territory and to ensure our mutual defense in the future. Military from the time of our union with Spain continues to be reformed and upgraded, forming the tercio, an infantry formation made up of pikemen, swordsmen and arquebusiers in a mutually supportive formation. Each tercio is standardized at 3000 soldiers, and drilled to be proficient in combat. We ask to purchase Westenland back from France, and also offer an alliance in Africa, promising to aid them in their colonial endeavours.
  • Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: This turn is dedicated to military development. We begin rebuilding our nation’s manpower and military capabilities after the series of recent wars. Trade continues between neighboring nations and allies, as well as to our colonies in the Imperial Sea. Ship production is increased in our ports, with new shipyards and docks being constructed to facilitate larger garrisons of trade ships and military vessels. A small castle begins construction in Gdansk to protect the city and harbor.
    • Polish Imperial Isles: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Steady streams of colonists reach the island of St Stanislaus, where they will soon be sent onto the islands of St Otto and Nowy Krakow to settle.
  • Mansuryian Sultanate: The Ten Year Plan of military build up and construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad is finally complete, and thus Sultan Amir's dream has come true. With this dream finally realized, he dies, and thus his 18 year old son takes over, Sultan Abdul-Muhaimin Ibn Nuquad and thus there is a Coronation held for the new Sultan. As a result of the Ten Year Military Build Up, Construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad, and Coronation of Sultan Abuil-Muhalmin Ibn Nuquad, there is a massive parade in the centre of Baghdad. As a result of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad being complete, there is a massive revival of Sunni Islam, which is called The Great Revival. As such, we now believe we must spread Islam and the Mosque Model everywhere, thus fueling our imperialism.) We also seek to colonize Eastern Africa in order to bring Islam and the Mosque Model there. Infra turn. With our nation being re-established 80 years ago, there is a grand parade held in the center of Baghdad, celebrating 70 years of Manusurryian History, and many reflect on what has happened. (Purges, The Mosque Model, The Great Safavid Union and War, The UIN, the Interim Government, Sultan Amir's reign of peace, and the current reign under Sultan Abul)With this being the case, we elect Sultan Abul-Muhailim as the new leading Sultan of the UIN).
  • Mansurryian General Dip: We consider the Ankaran proposal. We humbly and graciously thank the Empire of Urdustan for allowing us to be the only selected special trading partner in the UIN in the Declaration of 1593. Now that the year is 1600, we open up Milh, the Alexandrian Omanese trade enclave near OTL Adu Dubai, which sells many domestic goods and goods from the Urdustani Empire. In order to use the the Port of Milh, there will have to be negotiations in order to use the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) since we have complete control over the Gulf.
  • Mansurryian-Yemeni Dip: We request that in return for Masirah Island complete access to the Manssuryian Gulf and the Port of Milh, we get  OTL Djibuti and the very tip of the Horn of Somalia, as well as access to ports and trading rights. We thank Yemen for granting us land in the Horn of Africa and Eritrea and we are currently integrating the enclaves into under our jurisdiction, which should be completed next year. We also would like to further negotiate port access.
  • Mansurryian-Romanian Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Romanian Somalia in return for Romanian goods.
    • Romanian Diplomacy: We accept the trade proposal.
  • Mansurryian-Roman Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Roman Eastern Africa in return for Roman goods.
    • Southern Persia: Military build up is complete. We now go back to building up infrastructure.
    • Oman: Infra build up under the Mosque Model continues. Mosques are particularly constructed on the border of the Oman and OTL Saudi Arabia. Infra turn with the Mosque Model complete in Oman, infrastructure and economy booms. We use this new found money to further develop the economy. There is also a huge Sunni Islamic revival, which fuels imperialism.Eco turn.
    • Queshm Island: Infra build up and port construction under the Mosque Model continues. Infra turn.
    • Milh: The Governor was installed one year ago during the transnational period between independence and complete vassalization, and now we are officially under the control of the Mansurryian Sultanate. We are now greeted with the traditional vassalage welcome of the Sultanate-Implementation of the Mosque Model. Infra turn. With our unique blend of Omanese and Alexandrian culture, we are known as a safe haven for Christians in the Sultanate. We are also known hustling and bustling trading port in the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) and we start to receive Urdustani goods from the exclusive trade offer established between Mansurryia (as well as the Indian League, Hispania, and Rome) during the Declaration of 1593.Now that it is the year 1600, we open up our port, Milh, access will be proposed, negotiated, accepted, or declined under Mansurryian diplomacy.
    • New Baghdad: As a result of the land exchange for Masirah and trading rights, Yemen cedes part of Yemeni Eritrea to us, consisting of OTL Djibouti, and we found the port city of New Baghdad (OTL Djibouti City) as the colony's capital. The colony of New Baghdad also includes Ali Sabielh, as a sort of inland capital to administer New Baghdad's interior, as well as a jump start point for expansion. The Colonial Governor is in charge of New Baghdad, and is met with the traditional Mansurryian welcome of the Mosque Model. (This is especially symbolic since the Mosque Model was introduced to Old Baghdad (Manssuryian Sultanate) 70 years ago. The Mosque Model works like this: Mosques are the centre of the town, and as the centre of each markets and homes are built around the mosques, thus creating towns. As new towns are created roads are created between them, thus fueling the economy. The money used from the economy boom is used to make new mosques, which makes the cycle go all over again. Other results include rise in Sunni Islam and support for the governor. A plan for a road between New Baghdad and Ali Sabieh is being worked out, as well as a plan to connect Addis Ababa, Ali Sabieh and New Baghdad. Wells, along with mosques, are constructed. We expand 50 px inland. We start trading with Romanian Somalia.

1619

Dutch traders operating in the Middle East successfully smuggle the coffee plant out of Mocha, a port in Yemen located on the Red Sea, bringing it back to the Netherlands. The crop is planted in the Amsterdam Botanical Gardens, and is later introduced to the East Indies after being spread to Java.

An avalanche in the Alps causes a great deal of rock and snow to bury the Alpine town of Piuro, Italy, killing almost 2500 people. 

The still militant Chinese public in Wu show outrage at their government's decision to sell Shanghai to foreigners, and influential people are in agreement giving the ultimatum: to keep the city, or to face revolts.

  • Damascan Sultanate:  Sulimen IV rules as Sultan, now aging at 49. His uncle, Sulimen III dies in Kurdistan. Sulimen IV promotes migration to Damascus as it now numbers 451,000. Damascus has grown huge now, and continues to as it is now the largest city in the Damascan Sultanate. The military is expanded. Antioch's population grows to 292,000. Sulimen IV requests a wife to rule his nation with him. The people continue to rally toward Islam. In Kurdistan, the Turks begin to slow their chaotic behavior with the arquebus equipped Janissaries entering the newly conquered territory. We finish vassalizing the Karamanian Sultanate (Turn Eight of Eight). As an Arab nation now begins to enter the land with good Turk relation the people seem to be happier. Sulimen III starts implementing more of the Qu'ran into the law in Kurdistan, people begin taking a liking to it. Spices and salt are sent to the Malaccan Sultanate. We continue modernizing and upgrading our guns. We receive more ships (snaphaunces) from Malacca in return for glass and textiles. We begin developing and advancing our weaponry, the old lever lock guns are being replaced slowly with Arquebuses. We begin building ships in the Red and Mediterranean Sea. The total census of the Damascan Sultanate has risen to 25.9 million. A port is still given haven to any travels and any merchants the Romanians may have. The navy is upgraded, and we begin building our ships to be more like the old Dutch model given to us by the Malaccan Sultanate. Karaman and Damascus begin to become friends again, as the governments see their wrongdoings, all Turks are promised haven in Damascan lands once again and won't be moved to foreign nations. Karaman, being the most Arab, therefore becomes closer to Damascus, and Diyabakir begins to take shine to the sultanate. Ankara remains strongly independent, as having the largest Turkic population, and will not be as easily swayed. The Sultan dies. UIN council meets in Baghdad, to vote for a new leader. 
    • Azerbaijan (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): The northern land is given to the Tartary, due to their good relations and acceptance and tolerance of Islam. Military expands. The region continues merging into the Damascan Sultanate. Azerbaijan continues to merge into the Damascan Sultanate, particularly the Kurdistan regent.
    • Palestine (vassal of the Damascan Sultanate): A census is taken to find the population of Jerusalem alone. Jerusalem holds a total of 316,000. And slowly falls with the fighting between the Jews, Muslims and Christians. The people feel safe, yet also principled with the forces now in the city. As the city has fully been repaired, the military is expanded training Muslim militias. Sultan Sulimen IV, leader of the Damascan Sultanate, announces that Jerusalem will continue to be a unified city for all religions, and all are welcome to use the city for religious purposes.
    • Yimennendahla: Trade becomes large throughout the state. A census is taken totaling: 45,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Aleppraqht: Trade is swimming through the streets as the largest city in the land gain. Trade increased with Yemen and trade now extravagantly reaching Africa. Census is taken totaling: 60,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Jivadier: Trade is largely based on Yemen, Mansuriyya and Somalia/Eritrea. Census is taken totaling: 50,000. Economy and navy expand.
    • Dhubab: The new port colony in Yemen bought from the Romanians remains to be a key focal point for the exit of the Philadelphi Canal. Economy and navy expand.
  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the colony in Lenhame continues exporting wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, trade intensifies in the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the naus continue being used. Naval explorations directed to the west continue. Meanwhile, Santa Cruz expands north by 2500 sq km. Meanwhile, sugarcane continues to be planted in Santa Cruz. Meanwhile, pau-brasil (brazilwood) starts to be extracted in the colony.
  • Mansuryian Sultanate: The Ten Year Plan of military build up and construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad is finally complete, and thus Sultan Amir's dream has come true. With this dream finally realized, he dies, and thus his 18 year old son takes over, Sultan Abdul-Muhaimin Ibn Nuquad and thus there is a Coronation held for the new Sultan. As a result of the Ten Year Military Build Up, Construction of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad, and Coronation of Sultan Abuil-Muhalmin Ibn Nuquad, there is a massive parade in the centre of Baghdad. As a result of the Grand Mosque of Baghdad being complete, there is a massive revival of Sunni Islam, which is called The Great Revival. As such, we now believe we must spread Islam and the Mosque Model everywhere, thus fueling our imperialism.) We also seek to colonize Eastern Africa in order to bring Islam and the Mosque Model there. Infra turn. With our nation being re-established 80 years ago, there is a grand parade held in the center of Baghdad, celebrating 70 years of Manusurryian History, and many reflect on what has happened. (Purges, The Mosque Model, The Great Safavid Union and War, The UIN, the Interim Government, Sultan Amir's reign of peace, and the current reign under Sultan Abul)With this being the case, we elect Sultan Abul-Muhailim as the new leading Sultan of the UIN).
  • Mansurryian General Dip: We consider the Ankaran proposal. We humbly and graciously thank the Empire of Urdustan for allowing us to be the only selected special trading partner in the UIN in the Declaration of 1593. Now that the year is 1600, we open up Milh, the Alexandrian Omanese trade enclave near OTL Adu Dubai, which sells many domestic goods and goods from the Urdustani Empire. In order to use the the Port of Milh, there will have to be negotiations in order to use the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) since we have complete control over the Gulf.
  • Mansurryian-Yemeni Dip: We request that in return for Masirah Island complete access to the Manssuryian Gulf and the Port of Milh, we get  OTL Djibuti and the very tip of the Horn of Somalia, as well as access to ports and trading rights. We thank Yemen for granting us land in the Horn of Africa and Eritrea and we are currently integrating the enclaves into under our jurisdiction, which should be completed next year. We also would like to further negotiate port access.
  • Mansurryian-Romanian Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Romanian Somalia in return for Romanian goods.
    • Romanian Diplomacy: We accept the trade proposal.
  • Mansurryian-Roman Dip: As we now have colonies in Eastern Africa, we wish to trade our goods and Urdustani goods with Roman Eastern Africa in return for Roman goods.
    • Southern Persia: Military build up is complete. We now go back to building up infrastructure.
    • Oman: Infra build up under the Mosque Model continues. Mosques are particularly constructed on the border of the Oman and OTL Saudi Arabia. Infra turn with the Mosque Model complete in Oman, infrastructure and economy booms. We use this new found money to further develop the economy. There is also a huge Sunni Islamic revival, which fuels imperialism.Eco turn.
    • Queshm Island: Infra build up and port construction under the Mosque Model continues. Infra turn.
    • Milh: The Governor was installed one year ago during the transnational period between independence and complete vassalization, and now we are officially under the control of the Mansurryian Sultanate. We are now greeted with the traditional vassalage welcome of the Sultanate-Implementation of the Mosque Model. Infra turn. With our unique blend of Omanese and Alexandrian culture, we are known as a safe haven for Christians in the Sultanate. We are also known hustling and bustling trading port in the Mansurryian Gulf (OTL Persian Gulf) and we start to receive Urdustani goods from the exclusive trade offer established between Mansurryia (as well as the Indian League, Hispania, and Rome) during the Declaration of 1593.Now that it is the year 1600, we open up our port, Milh, access will be proposed, negotiated, accepted, or declined under Mansurryian diplomacy.
    • New Baghdad: As a result of the land exchange for Masirah and trading rights, Yemen cedes part of Yemeni Eritrea to us, consisting of OTL Djibouti, and we found the port city of New Baghdad (OTL Djibouti City) as the colony's capital. The colony of New Baghdad also includes Ali Sabielh, as a sort of inland capital to administer New Baghdad's interior, as well as a jump start point for expansion. The Colonial Governor is in charge of New Baghdad, and is met with the traditional Mansurryian welcome of the Mosque Model. (This is especially symbolic since the Mosque Model was introduced to Old Baghdad (Manssuryian Sultanate) 70 years ago. The Mosque Model works like this: Mosques are the centre of the town, and as the centre of each markets and homes are built around the mosques, thus creating towns. As new towns are created roads are created between them, thus fueling the economy. The money used from the economy boom is used to make new mosques, which makes the cycle go all over again. Other results include rise in Sunni Islam and support for the governor. A plan for a road between New Baghdad and Ali Sabieh is being worked out, as well as a plan to connect Addis Ababa, Ali Sabieh and New Baghdad. Wells, along with mosques, are constructed. We expand 50 px inland. We start trading with Romanian Somalia.
  • Mongol Khanate: The Mongol Khanate's economy collapses as the Khan's reforms have failed miserably. The land is too barren and the population too small to have them take effect properly.
  • Hispania: The Spanish populace hovers around 14.2 million and thanks in large part to the implementation of learned Incan farming methods, and the incorporation of some of the new American staple crops into Spanish diet. Population growth, however, is becoming increasingly stunted by many Spaniards - even some of noble birth - immigrating to the colonies and other territories overseas. The immigration of multiple high nobles confuses the parliament and King but allows this to continue seeing it as a way to organize troops and territories further under the Viceroy. The economy, thanks to the aggressive colonialism, continues to expand immensely and the Spanish economy becomes the most powerful in the world following the collapse of China. This has led to the Spanish economy becoming the dominant trading force on many economies in europe. Hispania undergoes reforms in the military using new firearms which are easier to load to reform the Carolingian infantry into a more organized and powerful line infantry force. The empire using previous connections with Chinese traders and bereaucrats establishes the Spanish China Sea Company and in conjunction with much of the trade power in Spanish control begins to influence the Chinese economy toward near total reliance on silver from Spain to keep their economies functioning. Hispania refuses any turnover of Shanghai back to Wu citing the fact that the city was paid for fair and square and an agreement was reached. Spain regardless keeps all 10,000 of its troops on full alert and is prepared to recruit the merchants and their crews numbering nearly 3000 to fight and hold the city from any attempt at retaking. Hispania proper does make the decision to re-inforce Shanghai with another 20 ships from the East india company making total ship strength at 70
    • Kingdom of Italy: The Italian army now consists of 30,000 troops most of them fiercely loyal to Hispania as they have made fortunes fighting for the empire. The Italian navy reaches nearly 200 ships and growing. Some Hispanicized Italians (Italians who have adopted Spanish culture) are allowed to settle in the Spanish colonies. Some smaller towns and cities in coastal Italy see the first real merging of Spanish and Italian culture. Italy continues its economic buildup become a large part of the Spanish economy.
    • Savoy: The economy, thanks to trade with Spain, expands moderately. The people of Savoy begin to work toward building up a trade fleet now at 120 ships. The military stands at about 10,000 and is worked on.
    • Genoa: Genoa's armed forces reach about 12,000. These people continue to find ways to live under the Spanish empire in a more prosperous way, by establishing multiple trade companies. These companies begin to be common throughout Spanish lands as the Genoans begin to build up a trade fleet of a sizable number now at 100 ships. 15,000 troops are sent with a decent amount being mercenaries.
    • Kingdom of Lombardy: The New King (King of Spain) is installed on the throne of Lombardy as his military leadership will be needed in the kingdom and the crown is tied with the Spanish one just as the Italian crown is. With this, he begins a process toward rebuilding the economy and military of the kingdom. The military is a raised force of 25,000 with many of them being pro-Spanish Hispanicized Italians which have been rapidly spreading across Italy. The population of Lombardy is at an estimated 1.5 million and counting. The Nation's economy is now in a process of integration into the Hispanian economy.
    • Modena: The nation of Modena's government is built up as the Barony of Modena and its military is improved significantly under the Spanish umbrella as they get a new slew of modern arms among other things. The economy of Modena is also expanded as the state begins to consolidate itself under Spain's trade umbrella. Its military forces are expanded to about 5000.
    • Ravenna: Ravenna - now known as the Barony of Ravenna - is expanded economically heavy under Spain's trade umbrella as the majority of the Italian region has come under Spain's control. The military is also expanded as the city receives arms from Spain and Italy. Its armed forces reach a size of about 6000 and the military is drilled in Spanish tactics.
    • Vatican City: Vatican City is re-instated as the Pope requested a small enclave of the Papacy for himself. Wielding considerable influence the current Pope seeing Spanish advances deems it the will of God and declares the Spanish rule in Italy is one of the biggest acts of peace and prosperity seen on the peninsula since the Roman empire itself. The Vatican State recruits a series of guards to protect themselves and begins the process of adding many things to the Papal palace and beginning to root out corruption in the churches of the City of Rome and many other places in Italy.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Moroccan economy continues to expand with greater trade coming from Spain and the Canaries all the way down to Cape Ferdinand increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom, with many canals having been completed, has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population is two million. The Moroccan navy elevates to nearly 150 ships. Morocco's economy continues to boom as the major canal projects have turned some of Morocco's harshest areas into incredibly useful farmland and for the first time in recorded history the area is covered in green farmland, trees and grasses.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a large amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods. The Kongo continues to expand its economy in order to export material to Spain, seeing a notable upswing as population and Spanish involvement helps the nation out. The first census of the Kongo is conducted with a population of about 1.5 million the nation is beginning to advance through some of the previous populational issues it had.
    • Mapuche: The Mapuche people begin to see the first mixed children between Spanish and Mapuche people. The Spanish institute the Ecomienda system. However, the Spanish governor, in order to keep control of the people, orders the Spanish heads of the system to treat the natives fairly in order to prevent mass deaths from overworking and resentment. Spanish farming techniques have definitely prevented starvation as the Mapuche continue to expand toward the coast building a road to connect it all. The Spanish governor, also using the local Mapuche as scouts, is able to expand much more than the Buenos Aires colony and uses this to his advantage to secure more land to be able to turn over to Spanish settlers. The royal governor ramps up expansion for some of the new plantation owners setting up expanding the the territory by 5000 sq km. The population of the Mapuche people is lowly put at about 15,000 with about 40,000 Spanish settlers living within the borders. The sharp increase in Mapuche is purely built out of many Mapuche starting to come back in order to live in peace under the Hesperian league's mandates.
    • Morelia: The military and economy of the Maya under Spain is developed and roads are upgraded to Spanish standards. The Spanish begin to sponsor settlers in Morelia to begin expanding on the continent down the coast. (5000 sq km). The Island of Cuba is cultivated for sugar as Spain begins looking for more trade income rather than just total income from gold. Morelia reaches a population of about 1.2 million with many living within the Cuba island territory.
    • Tenocha: Spanish continue their Ecomienda system from the Mapuche in the south to the Aztec areas to extract gold and silver. The economy becomes a major exporter in silver and gold as well as other materials back to Spain for which there is a high demand. The mercantilist policies, however, prevent competition in lucrative Spanish industries. The Military of the Aztec territory. (Now known as Tenocha a shortened and corrupted form of Tenochtitlan) reaches a force of about 5000 militia troops who are trained and led by Spanish officers. Coincidentally the majority of the militia is Spanish as well that or the mixed race Mestizos. The population of Tenocha is counted at nearly nine million with the inclusion of large native cities, expansion of the borders farther north, and the immigration of Spaniards. With this, however, a few prominent priests in Hispania have made it quite obvious that the integrated native cities should be left alone outside of tribute collection and troop levies in order to preserve the working potential of their population and prevent disease from totally wiping them out. Many, however, have begun to see a large rise in immunity to diseases such as smallpox. The Tenocha expand by 8000 sq km.
    • Mission of Galicia: Set up by a few opportunistic Spaniards the Mission of New Galicia is set up in the disorganized Colorado Territories using newly subjugated natives as a base for this (this is a vassal set up out of the disorganized Colorado Territory). Many of the Coloradans are happy for some semblance of organization and the mission is set up to expand through the well known Colorado Territories for trade supplies, or to come across settlements with which to trade. The Republic immediately begins to expand through the territory seeking for trade goods (50 px). This Mission (a church for the sole purpose of converting) is more or less turned into a small town with the Church at the center but with many heavily armed Spanish guarding the fort's walls and keeping the surrounding territory around.
    • Kingdom of Venezia: The businessmen and high level economists, bankers and multiple other fully knowledgeable individuals of Venezia remaining after the war go on a trip to Spain's vibrant trade cities and after careful negotiations many of these men take over one of Spain's newest rising trade companies, the Buenos Aires trade company, with some offices based out of the Buenos Aires colony in Hesperia. The Venezians, unable to select a king from their remaining nobles, delegate to the Queen of Spain (Castile and Aragon) who chooses a man named Antonio Lo Grato to rule as Prince of Venice in place of the Queen of Spain. A well acclaimed and respected man, he immediately enacts reforms. The Venezian economy with access to the Spanish economy begins to recover and for the first time in years due to this. The Venezians begins its long road to naval recovery and begins to use its vast knowledge to begin building ships not only for itself but acquires the blueprints to improve on Spanish ships to allow for sale back to the king. The Venezian military is also raised to a token force of about 10,000 due to its location but remains lightly armed and unable to project power or fight any unsupported offensives.
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain: The Viceroyalty of New Spain is established with a massive amount of coastal territory secured begins to expand its major settlements seriously with Buenos Aires maintaining the most with nearly 45,000 people but stagnating as more people are settling the countryside and establishing new towns and cities. The Colonial population hovers above one million with a few thousand settlers with more people in recent years deciding to settle in the Mapuche and Chilean territories as ranchers, farmers and crop growers. New Spain boasts massive crops of tobacco and cotton. The viceroy in order to expand the food supply of the large colony expands cattle ranching and agriculture in certain areas.. The Spanish inhabitants of the colonies form more militias under the command of a Spanish officer which is trained only to fight off native attacks. The Colony continues to expand 75 px. New Spain begins an immense project to attract settlers and set up a much more organized settlement system. Of many cities developing some begin to gain large populations as well with multiple cities farther north and south develop heavily. Buenos Aires and San Sorento are the two largest cities in the colony with Buenos Aires maintaining 50,000 people and San Sorento maintaining about 30,000 people. Both cities are large coastal port cities.
    • Cape Ferdinand: The Cape Ferdinand colony expands its population hoping to attract more settlers. The population of Cape Ferdinand lowers to 45,000 colonists as many die to disease. The area itself begins to show up as a trade hub. Zulu Africans in the area begin being contacted with missionaries looking to speak to these people. The expansion of colonists in the area is truly more along the lines of some Zulus who have been converted and contracted by the local colonists. This has led to many of them being recruited as colonial troops for their very warlike tendencies and well recognized attribute of following strong and powerful leaders of which the CMA sends only these to command the Zulu troops. The Cape Ferdinand colony seeing a growth of powerful militaristic colonists expands by 50 px.
    • New Granada: The colony of New Granada - formerly San Francisco - sees more immigration but has become a sort of hub for Colonial administration fleets coming through the area to trade and explore as well as a staging point for those looking to sail to the Philippines hoping to reach them via the Pacific Ocean. The colony itself expands by 55 px. The colony's population expands to around 55,000 as the colony continues to grow in importance and the agriculture begins to take precedence - especially in the areas above the colony of San Francisco. The establishment of wineries and even terrace farming for food begins in the San Lorenzo Valley and the surrounding mountains. The wineries are considered a lucrative cash crop and the Colonists take great pride in growing them in the area. The port city of Arica expands to a population of nearly 15,000 becoming a solid rival for the thriving San Francisco city.
    • Philippines: Spanish continue to establish majority control over the area through trade and other means. The Spanish then begin to send in a royal governor who makes plans to expand the island nation, and begins work on its economy and military to do so. Gold and silver from Spain is sent to facilitate buying materials to build up the area as the Philippines are garrisoned by mercenaries hired by Spain and nearly 300 of Spain's most well trained troops but the forces are expanded to about 5000 using locally trained soldiers or more mercenaries. The Philippines is built up as a massive trade and naval base and a fleet of Spanish ships sent from here make more trips to Central Borealia with Spain becoming the first nation to connect a trade route along the entire planet. This trip begins to gradually shift toward New Granada. The Colony itself. The Philippines expand (now 50 px) per Spanish order as the potential for hostile natives and other threats in the area has led to a switch in policy as well as the movement of nearly 2000 Spaniards and a fleet of nearly 20 warships to the area preventing any force from attacking to continue expansion. With the close of the revolt, the Chinese people within the borders are expelled by any means necessary.
    • Protectorate of Oyo: The extraction economy of the protectorate increases and the royal governor makes quotas much less demanding allowing the people to actually live somewhat rather than be in a bond of virtual slavery. The military forces in the area are augmented with newer weaponry and are some of the most advanced troops in the region. The Protectorate exports many cash crops, metals, and precious goods to Spain. The population of the Oyo territory being part of the original heartland of the former Oyo empire undergoing a census is estimated at about five million people having experiences multiple population shattering issues since the collapse of the empire, mostly diasporas inland, and the readjustment into the Spanish colonial economy.
    • Chile: The few hundred Spanish settlers who established some terraced farms and a small town expand settlements in the mountains to avoid earthquakes and other acts of God. The area is militarily supported by the CMA located in the Inca and a force of about 2000 is used to maintain order in the area. The Chilean royal governor along with the Colonial Authority begins to increase the economy of the area and is planning on a period of expansion coming up in the next few years. Chile continues to expand increasing to nearly 5000 sq km of Aymara territory and the discovery of massive silver deposits in which a native city now taken by Spaniards already stands, the population of Chile explodes with many gold and silver seekers moving to the area with the Spanish populace of Chile increasing from a mere 2000 to nearly 10,000 in a year and the natives further being integrated, especially the Aymara people. The population of the controlled territory is an estimated 250,000 and more being integrated and authority of the crown being imposed upon by the day.
    • East African Protectorates: This military is reformed under a new commander of the CMA who gets newer weapons for his troops and drills them in modern tactics seeing developing colonies in Africa as a threat to the sovereignty of the protectorates. With Colonial Authority in place, and the Colonial Military Administration keeping the areas from devolving into a regional arms race between the protectorates the area is effectively administered as a singular entity under the Administration, with each state keeping its local culture, customs, and minor armed forces. The Colonial Military Administration does take extra care in keeping these forces loyal and small, having more to gain by serving with Spain rather than for nationalistic purposes. The economy of the area is advanced significantly as the Spanish global trade network uses this area as a stopping point. The Protectorate's naval force headquarters is moved to the massive naval port on the southern coast of Madagasikara known as Saint Felipe.
    • Khambhat: With growing Spanish presence in India, the Spanish East India Company agrees to separate administration into the Khambat sphere and the Madras sphere organizing them into two separate entities. The military forces of the area are recruited from Indians with a force of nearly 5000 in Khambhat and the surrounding territories. The area's economy is built up as a trade hub as a trade port. The company navy along with madras maintains nearly 70 ships for personal use 20 of these being top of the line warships. The Khambhat territory as it is well known is shown to be a proven economic hub from India as Spain begins to made a noticeable and large profit with the territory being managed by the East India Company.
    • Madras: With Madras being ceded by the Netherlands to Spain the territory is administered as a separate entity from Khambat. The majority of Spain's 10,000 Indian troops are relocated from Bengal to Madras with the empty slots being filled as the East India Company established full control over the enclave. The economy of the area is bolstered by Madras being a major stopping point for ships and the Indian trade moving along the Spanish global trade route increases the economy immensely. Plantations are started up in the area for cash crops and run with local labor. The City is at an estimated 100,000 people within the confines of Spanish controlled territory.
    • Cochin: The troops following the seizure are scaled down to 1000 troops led and trained by Spanish officers. The economic output of the area is considerably large for a new acquisition with the agriculture expanded to be able to supply most of Hispania's territories in the region. This output is expanded to to include whatever metals are included and is to be included in the Spanish global trading network. The Royal governor of Cochin is established in the city of Bago, the areas gretest port city and impressed with it the Hispanian governor makes it the capital of the Spanish territory of Cochin. As a militaristic governor he immediately begins plans to keep the region secure and prevent further uprising, as well as make the territory profitable for him, and keep the Spanish East India Company out of the area. Cochin maintains an estimated population of about 450,000 and growing thanks to the economic opportunity of working and providing trade goods for Spain. Cochin begins to expand into the disorganized territory to the south in search of more resources (50 px).
    • Dawei: Dawei is continually rebuilt from the initial revolts and the city begins to experience an increase in trade and Spanish investment. The military of the area is increased to about 500 Sepoy troops with a support of about three Spanish war galleons to keep the peace. The city itself expands to start becoming a much more metropolitan city attracting many traders from across the area that cannot set up shop in the Spanish territory of Cochin. The City is finally fully rebuilt as a major trade port with a population of about 45,000.
  • Korea: Korea continues to build up its military. Meanwhile, more Taoist, Neo-Confucian and Buddhist temples are built. Taoism rises in popularity and gains more followers. Regular (read: not Imperial) Shinto gains a few more followers as well, mainly along the coastline in Southeastern Korea, particularly in Busan, Jejudo and Ulsan.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The colony continues expanding and growing by 3900 sq km among both colonies into the Galapago Islands called Illes d'Neptune The colonies continue growing as expected. The colony of Nouvelle Rouen continues to expand eastward by 700 sq km. The government decides to move on the Dutch reformists by allowing them to remain on the French territory, however, putting some taxes for allowing them free passage in French land. However, the French government makes clear that their beliefs are with Catholicism and that any attempt of violent expansion will be considered as an act of aggression and hence the Dutch-Wallon reformist may be persecuted. Mining continues in the colony of Nouevelle Orleans in the area of OTL Cundinamarca in the search of the Aureana - a city made of gold - in the vicinity of several lakes. Although not finding the city lots of gold gods are found and sent to France in order to boost the economy back on its feet. Mining begins in the Pirouien mountains and the region of Equatoriale Province for gold and silver though only a few are found. The colony of Nouvelle Orleans divides in five provinces New Orleans OTL northern Colombia and Antioquia Sableville in North Western Venezuela, Equatoriale in southwest Colombia and Aurienne in the central areas and Emeraldia in central eastern Colombia. After years of ignoring an important part of the treaty, France decides helping Austria to rebuild initiating in the area of Tyrol and Western Austria. Due to close proximity to French Rhineland gold begins entering the economy of the country from Colombian and Peruvian mines. A colony is established. Saint Louis d'Africa continues expanding by 500 sq km and 200 sq km in Kenya. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. The peasant revolt is ignored for now, although it proves the king that he may need to enforce a new politic in the rural-most areas of France. war in bayoogoulaa continues
    • Kingdom of Rhineland: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Rhineland officially withdraws from the HRE after the council votes 65 against 35 for withdrawing from the HRE, the council begins creating a constitution based on both German and French laws to establish within the area of the kingdom. Sends aid to the French in the Bayoogoulaa war.
    • Kingdom of Lower Burgundy: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy. Freibourg and Valais are withdrawn from the HRE following the withdrawal from the Rhineland.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up as well as navy.
    • French Mali: Military and economy are built up.
    • Artois: Military and economy are built up. Infrastructure is built up.
  • County of Oldenburg: There is a substantial pick-up in involvement with the Nehilaw. Fifty more missionaries are sent into the country, with educational materials to help the spread of German. The Order of St theobald requests to build a small mission which can serve the dual purpose of a school and also a de facto embassy. Military advisers with cannon are also sent, and traders soon follow. In Neu Norderney, people begin settling in the inland areas in greater numbers.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: After not attending the Buhnefest for the umpteenth year running, the Assistant Bishop's popularity plumets to new lows. The students of the university decide to go on strike, refusing to attend the University until the Prince-Bishop returns. The bishopric's administration is extremely worried, as many recall with pain the last student strike, which left the town's economy severely crippled.
  • The Nehilaw accept the construction of a mission.
  • Tibet: Buddhist temples are continuing to be built. Roads are continuing to be fixed so that travelers on the silk roads can easily get to our nation. Our own version of the arquebus gun is being made. Farming is our most important industry. We mine resources in our caves. We ask the people of our nation if they can help increase the population. The military is increasing due to new training that has been made. This new training is line infantry training with marching aspects. The military is becoming bigger due to new tech and more people joining.
    • Nepal: We build up our military and economy.
    • Chutiya: We build up our military and economy.
    • Shan States: We build up our military and economy.
  • The Empire of Britannia: Many ships are modernized and replaced to keep the British Royal Navy, a powerful force on the high seas. Port Edmundburg continues to experience a growth in population. The British Navy continues the construction of frigates and galleons. Plans to upgrade other parts of the navy are continued. Port William expands 1000 sq km around the coast of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola). Several cities including Plymouth and Edinburgh see massive expansion and beautification works. Plymouth sees new brownstone houses to support the growing British middle class. The University of Plymouth sees more intellectuals espousing wild and radical suggestions and begin championing rational though through the whole of Plymouth and into mainland Britannia. London sees a renewal of the arts, with modern architecture being found throughout the city. One artist proposed having ornate and beautiful fountains throughout the city. His plans were accepted as part of an urban renewal plan. Soon the capital of the Empire will be known as the City of Fountains. London sees such a growth and change thanks to the growing wealth of the Empire, the city begins developing a reputation as a forward thinking city entrapped in beauty and thought. The Westminster Exchange begins allowing greater freedom in stocks and adopts the Dutch method of joint stocks. Gerard Pictman creates the first "accurate" projection of the Earth on maps called the Pictman Map Projection. The Empire sees this new map and orders its adaptation. Troops are moved in the Port Katrina area as tensions with neighbors grow. The Spire of St Paul's continues being repaired. After the events of Norwich, the parliament relents and grants greater freedoms to land owners. The nation begins becoming a major center of arms construction. After the recent unrest locally and assassination attempts, the Templar Order is expanded and takes up the protection of the Emperor. Britannia has experienced a "Splendid Isolation" for a large part of the decade, but now the nation once again looks outward. The Empire attempts to maintain order during the famine, troops are concentrated around Britannia helping to keep order, the Patriarch of Canterbury calls all the faithful of Britannia to God is this time of need. A new series of historical books titled In Europa Imperium is written by renowned historian James Matthews, Volume I In Imperium Phoenix: A look at the Rebirth of Rome, focuses on the near death and then rebirthing of the Eastern Roman Empire. Other works will be written. This book comes on the heels of his first book; Imperium Britannica, chronicling the birth and expansion of the Britannic Empire from its days as a Roman province, to Albion, and to the current Empire. He releases two new volumes this year, Imperium Galliae From Division to World Power, and Imperium Hispania: Nation of World's Desire. Work continues on Vol V, Imperium Austria: The Rise and Fall of Central Europe's Domineering Power. The recent border clashes raise tensions between Scandinavia and Britannia has many colonists believe that the Scandinavians are behind the raids on inland communities. A new position, High Governor is established. The High Governor is an appointed position and is the final authority between the local governors of the L'nu and New Cambridgeshire and the Crown of Britannia. The High Governor, in his first act as governor, declares Britannic protection over the Iroquois as well as trade preferences between the tribes of the new world. This move was made in effort to calm the native raids and to keep other rivals at bay. I have returned!!!!! And he's absent today again, but he'll be back tomorrow -Sky
    • Calais: Military and navy are expanded. Calais experiences a remodel of its port facilities to help with trade.
    • Eire: The Irish continue to expand the navy and army, even more so due to the strains in Europe.
    • New Dublin (Nuaphail): continues to expand 1000 sq km west and south. A large influx of settlers arrive from Eire.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. The Edinburgh Stock Exchange continues to do well.
    • Port Edmundburg: Expands by 1000 sq km south and east down the coast. The African colonists begin looking toward mining and other ventures to generate profit. A new newspaper, the first in a colony, is founded, called the Edmundburg Report. The slave trade begins to boom as exploitation of local minerals reaches a high amount. Slaves are sent to the New World to help boost production.
    • New Cambridgeshire: New Cambridgeshire expands by 1000 sq km west. Colonists begin to explore around the region and begin to have a large fishing boom. The Port of New Oxford is expanded to handle excess ships from Britannia and other European nations. A large influx of settlers arrive from Britannia, fueled by the fears and rumours of war. Due to the recent influx of furs, the local population booms. Shipping also booms as many new merchant vessels are constructed to meet demand.
    • Crown Colony Ghana: More troops are raised from locals. Military and infrastructure are expanded. Local support is slowly gaining ground. The Oyo territories are rolled into Ghana.
    • Colony of New Guerney: A flood of immigrants arrives to Port William at the island of New Guerney (OTL Hispaniola) as the colony continues to experience an unprecedented influx of colonists. The colony expands 1000 sq km inland. Several new industries emerge as an increased demand for merchant marine ships rises.
    • L'nu Nation:  The proud L'nu continue to flourish under the wise rule of Britannia. Trade and diplomatic relations are extended to the Scandinavian colonies in the area. The L'nu expand 1000 sq km north. The native populations are treated with a bit more respect as Christian missionaries flood the area
  • Tsardom of Croatia: Croatia focuses primarily on its military. Trade routes are strengthened after and the salt mines around Tuzla are explored as well as the salt industry in Pag and Nin. Using irrigation from the Danube, Sava, Drava, Drina, Cetina, Una, Vrbaš, Kupa, Neretva and other rivers the fields in the kingdom are developed, used for crops such as wheat, rye and barley. With trade routes increasing and Croatia entering an era of peace and of stability, the development of new trade ships is issued. The Brothers of the Raven continue spreading their influence in Croatia. Stone mining is furthered as well as the timber industry. The need for these resources rises as urbanization carries on. The navy, under command of the King and the First Admiral is developed due to the purchase of Britannic ships which are inspected and introduced into the Royal War Navy of Croatia or HKRM (Hrvatska Kraljevska Ratna Mornarica). Iron ores in Dugopolje, Zenice and at last the 'mud' ore in Vojvodina and eastern Slavonia are to be exploited alongside the silver and copper ores more frequently and of better quality than the iron ores. The exploitation of iron ores in the Lika and Gorski kotar areas continues. The salt industry in Ston is funded by the Tsar. The Tsar issues an organizational reform, hoping to effectively improve the administrative divisions and making sure that the power of the nobility is finally obliterated.
    • Croatian Knyazdom of Western Hungary: The Knyazdom's military is primarily expanded. Because of the demographic issues caused by the war, numerous male Croats migrate to Hungary to balance as well as nobles from the Gorjanski family.
  • Reme (Colony of the Roman Empire): Fortifications continue to be built, especially in cities like Reme, Avelinia and Patrapolis. Cash crops, like tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo, are continued to be planted in newly acquired area from expansion. Young men, about the number of 700, are given training to join the Roman navy and military back in Europe. The colony is re-inforced with about five ships, some of them galleons and frigates, and 1000 Roman soldiers. While the colony is split up by Hamburg's colony, a series of roads are constructed to help the colonists move around. A few small outposts are constructed throughout the colony to help prevent highwaymen from appearing. Native militias are further trained and equipped with Roman military ordnance. Faced with increased piracy in the area, the colonial authorities decide to act. Unable to target the pirates that take refuge inside New Pomerania, the colonial fleets decide it would be better to limit their ability to hide. Roman fleets travel around the region of the Seminole and destroy pirate bases where they are found. To further protect the gains from the previous year, a fortress is constructed in the OTL Tampa Bay area and more outposts are constructed along the keys. Existing outposts are further fortified as the Empire continues to expand there. While not intended to be a settler colony, some people begin to move in, seeking new land to farm cash crops on and to live. Existing settlements are consolidated, as the disorganized area between two of the fortresses in OTL Florida is expanded into.
  • Zapoteca: Zapoteca continues trading with the newly independent nations on the Imperial Gulf, mainly Chitimach and Mikasuki (Seminoles): Trade continues in earnest with Mikasuki, to uplift the nation economically. The Emperor continues financing Spanish settlers to come to the kingdom and marry into the population. Trade increases and continues with the Spanish. The Emperor expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move freer between them. The military, which had been outdated for many years, continues to be upgraded. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. Naval technology is rapidly advanced under the Spanish with an advancing fleet of 25 light and medium ships purchased from Spain. The Emperor orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Itzapam continues prospering under Zapotecan rule, improving their military. Zapoteca expands 7500 sq km north with the help of Spanish explorers.
  • |onte: Continues to have a large surplus of grain and rice. Though adopting "western farming", the idea of "the tribe" is still very much so alive, as people always share the crops they have grown, or the animals they have hunted amongst the community. Due to the policy of planting tree groves, desert reclamation has started taking serious effect in some parts of |onte. This year has resulted in sixty elephants being killed. A new expansion of the elephant pen has begun. |onte's population rises to over 2,290,000. The city of Kunene, the city of marble, reaches almost 100,000 people. Mon VII takes on the expansion north 300 sq km (6 pixels) a year with the Eheresito hu Kunene. Mon V brings books from |onte to !Xoonte as a gift, and a few gifts of ivory hoping to improve relations with their King, and spread |on culture. Mon V begins teaching the King of Zimbabwe about the many wonders of literature and |on, along with giving him many gifts. So Kuneneli offers to sell the rest of his paintings to the British. It has become the fashion, in Kunene, for men to go without the traditional loincloth, and embrace masculinity. Kurum Kuneneli continues making rifles for the army. Mon VI travels around making sure of the well being of |onte's Khoisan brothers.
  • Nehilaw Sachemate: The newly returned troops continue to train in European tactics, while rearming with weapons made locally and purchased from Oldenburg. The military expands as the population grows. The spread of the Latinized Cree alphabet continues, with books including the Bible, classical works such by Plutarch, Plato, Caesar and others, and modern works now translated. Many learn to read, as it is now necessary for advancement in the government. Efforts to unite with the Moose Cree continue (Turn Nineteen of Twenty) continue. Christianity continues to spread, while many Christianized Cree learn to speak German from the missionaries. This process speeds up following the recent influx of Oldenburger missionaries, while new converts also proselytize. The nation expands 5000 km around the newly discovered Chimiwanit Lake. Winipakw expands 500 km. The new fleet continues to improve trade, especially with Europe, during summer months, and a new ship is completed this year, bringing the fleet to a total of 21 ships.
    • Nemaska: Nemaska works to rebuild its infrastructure and economy from the war. Modern farming techniques are introcuded to supply a population of about 75,000. The economy improves and the population increases in consequence.
    • Chisasibi: The lands of the Eastern Cree, now renamed Chisasibi to remove any ideas of sub-ethnic groups within the Cree people, works to recover from the war. Two Sachems are appointed from it to the Council. Conversion to Christianity begins.
  • Empire of Urdustan: Several Urdu merchants continue to sponsor gem mines in the Mogok area of Ava, due to the high concentration of gems such as rubies, sapphires, garnets and moonstones, and the first of many mines begin to return with more successes. Financial loans continue to be given to Bahmani and Jaunpur. Merchants also travel exclusively to Multan, Sind, Ladakh, and Kangra. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase in scholars and literacy in our nation. Construction of ships based upon Castilian designs, granted to us by them, continues, in order to further our efforts to explore and trade. New crops continue to enter into several plantations, opium and cannabis. With the increasing popularity of wood-block printing, works in Urdu/Hindi are created and stored in large amounts, in order to further cement the change in Urdustan. Efforts to better the military continue with a mandatory rearming of the noble levies, with the Emperor offering to pay half the costs per noble, and with any noble refusing to do so, being met with increasingly less beneficial trade interaction by other nobles and foreign merchants. The Islamitization of Urdustan continues from an increase in missionary activity. The first address the issue of the diminishing currency, the Urdustani Taka is implemented upon all the vassals, as it wasn't previously to facilitate better interior trade with vassals. To increase our coffers in the wake of this financial mess, the Urdustani Emperor implements a "Jewel Tax", in which gems, that come from abroad, or from Ava, are taxed when they are sold, or imported, or exported. To better specialize, and economize the Urdustani economy, we begin to sponsor specific locations for specific crops, such as rice and tobacco in the Bengal region, Indigo in the Gurjurat region, potatos in Vijaynagar, etc. The Emperor's two children continue their education by both native Indian teachers, and by European advisors. Translation of many works of art, poetry, or books, from native, cultural languages, begins to strengthen the Urdu and Hindi speakers in an effort to break some linguistic and cultural barriers. The first of the princes, Biga kamīnē, is declared the current Emperor, taking the name of Bhārata kā asalī rājakumāra. The second prince, passed over by the اردو کی زمین رائل گرین گارڈز, is given a position of high esteem, Urdū kī bhūmi kī ucca rājadūta. The اردو کی زمین رائل گرین گارڈز continue to monitor and council the young Emperor.
    • Rajya of Orissa (Uṛīsā kē rājya, اڑیسہ کی بادشاہی): Training of levies by Urdustani advisors continues, as well as cash crop cultivations.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa (Grēṭara asama kē rājya, گریٹر آسام کی بادشاہی): The Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. The land reclamation, having been going on for decades, is extremely successful in creating viable farmland for rice, grain and other staple crops, increasing Kamarupa's population and their yearly trade output. Training of levies by Urdustani advisors continues.
    • Rayja of Vijaynagara (وجینگر کی بادشاہی, Vijayanagara kē rājya): Nobles of Vijaynagara are now known as Urdustani Nobles, rather than simply Vijaynagara nobles. This enforces Urdustani rule over the nobility of Vijaynagara, but also allows them to fluidly move and act within all parts of Urdustan, rather than just Vijaynagara. Shipments of European weapons are diverted from Urdustani markets due to their increasingly commonness within Urdustani armies, so as to allow Vijaynagara to also have better access to advanced weapons.
  • The Consulate of Dacia: Dan, now a man of 49 resumes growing the economy and making the military stronger. The economy continues its inexorable upward trend, as greater colonial expansion leads to greater profits. The expansion and growth is product of years of peace within Romania, as well as the trade from Somalia. The average wealth of individuals continues to grow at a fairly steady rate. This causes a huge boom in land cultivation as the new-found wealth allows more land to be worked. Also, terraced farming, imported from Spain has allowed much once un-arable land to be used for farming. Terraced farms can be seen dotting the landscape. Dan takes notice of the new practice of terrace farming. He quickly implements a series of reforms to build many hundreds of these farms all along the Carpathians and in Bulgaria. Within Moldova a large number of cattle ranches begin to appear. The increase in beef production causes an increase in protein intake of the people. As the amount of protein in the average diet increases so does the height and strength of the populace. The life expectancy begin to rise with better sanitation spreading across all of Romania. Food surpluses drive down prices. The population begins to grow at an extremely rapid pace (2% growth rate) due to the sudden depression in food prices. Due to the better ranching leather prices drop quickly, allowing the military to begin re-equipping with buff coats. The coats are supplemented with chest plates as muskets begin to become more dangerous. Constanta Fabrică de Tun, continues developing its cannons. The cannons produced and developed at the factory begin to make the company quite rich and powerful. More work must be done to refine the cannons, but they are developing well. The army continues drilling with rotating ranks and pikes begin to be phased out by Flintlocks. More disputes occur in the senate. Constantius now a young man of 27, assists his father. The Eastern Trade Co. continues to grow.
    • Kiev: The military becomes more professional, and officers arrive from Dacia to train the soldiers. The economy grows more this year as much farmland becomes cultivated after years of disuse. The rapid population growth in Dacia causes an Immigration rush, as Romanians looking for cheap land swarm the southern half of Kiev.
    • Halych: Prince Yarlslav II continues growing the economy and military.
    • East Hungary: Work is done to improve and repair the infrastructure of the nation. The economy begins to recover with Dacian monetary aid. Voluntary deportation of Magyars to East Hungary begins.
    • Dacian Somalia: Trade with India continues, and the cities of Bosaso and Qandala grow slowly. The economy of Mogadishu continues to grow, production of raw materials continues. Meanwhile, the majority of European traders who make stops in Somalia prefer to land at Dacian Ports, as they enjoy the more familiar amenities afforded by the Dacian presence.
  • Pskov: increases its economic potential. The Pskov University continues to thrive, as more and more people come to it and it is considered one of the premier universitites in Europe. Meanwhile, Pskov plans to make a botanical gardens like the one in Amsterdam, for the recreation of its citizens. The City grows as more people go into the cities because of both population growth and more efficient farming methods. Some more people begin using troikas, three horses pulling a sleigh after it becomes part of the Prince's official witner transport. The Academy of Sciences publishes a paper disproving the hypothesis that heavier bodies accelerate faster, and prove difinitively that all bodies should, if air resistance is neglected, fall at the same speed if dropped simultaneously. Wages and production rise in tandem, as Pskov's population becomes less and less reliant on imports. The PIC is given leave to establish trade with Asian Nations. Pskov continues to influence Osel-wielk to become its vassal state or at least a protectorate. Same with Courland.
    • The Republic of Narva: continues its slow democratization process, with the institution of Estonian and German as its official languages. The Prince-Namestnik appoints a council of ministers, and a prime minister to head the legislature of Narva, the Riigikogu. The Riigikogu begins construction as the Prince vows to transform the nation forever. Pskovian traders begin investing in the local economy, as The Prince hopes it will someday become as good as Pskov's. Its navy receives its first frigates this year, and thus its navy is upped (military plus).
    • The Pskov Imperial Company: continues to settle its colonies. Meanwhile, Rum trade has become very good in the Imperial sea, as more and more people begin to like the drink very much, with the PIC dominating that trade. The PIC in Africa begins to set up its first mine in Zimbabwe after signing an agreement with the local government. The Construction brings both Pskovian workers, and Pskovian troops to act as bodyguards to the miners. The PIC uses its own substancial mercenary forces to supply the security. Meanwhile, ship production in Novoprussiysk begins to amp up, as the town slowly grows as it is the ceneter of the PIC. Meanwhile, a small trade post is set up in Namibia, and some settlers are required so that it is not reliant on the PIC and can sustain its own food supply. The small post shall be the PIC's center of African stuffs in the future.
  • Roman Empire: Tragically, Theodore III dies this year, and on his deathbed feels like a failure. Despite this, he is loved by the vast majority of his subjects, and even the Borealian natives and the Serbs hold some fondness for him. His son Thomas takes the throne after a coronation involving the traditional Iron Crown, Bridle, and Lance, becoming Thomas II. Different from his father, Thomas II is much more concerned about the internal stability of the Empire and its territory, and as such is committed to resolving such issues. He orders an inspection of all military fortifications in Greece, Albania, Phoenicia, and Taurica to ensure that they are all properly garrisoned and fortified. He also expands the networks of forts in Anatolia, and increases the number of troops garrisoned in Anatolian territories. Continuing the policies of his father, Greeks are encouraged to move to Anatolia, and refounded settlements like Prussia, Illium and Ephesus begin to grow again as a result. Thomas II continues his father's policies of converting the Berbers in Cyrenaica to Christianity, offering those who do lower taxes and political incentives. Previous policies are kept with Turkic inhabitants of Roman territories, however, few Turks actually leave, amounting to maybe a few hundred every year. However, Thomas II discovers that his father was so focused on European interests that the Empire's colonies are largely defenseless, and makes efforts to change this. Fortifications are already present at Atlantis and Socotra, but other than that, the colonies are largely void of such defenses. Forts are, therefore, built in Roanoke, Powhatan, Delaware, and Yamasee, defending vital colonial cities like Reme, Avelinia, and Patropolis. Reme gets the most of the defenses, with twin forts guarding the sound, as well as small outposts outfitted with cannon on the outer banks. Reme is also equipped with a shipyard and armory to provide the troops stationed there with adequate weaponry and transport. At the colony of Antillia, fortified outposts are also constructed and equipped with cannon. The same happens in Malabar. To further expand the security of these colonies, relations with the Borealian natives are made a priority, and commitments with the Powhatan, Delaware, Taino, and Yamasee natives are extended. Roman officers train the natives in European tactics, and some educated natives are invited to take part in the government of the colonies. While this does help expand support amongst the natives, the ones in the interior are still hostile to Roman interests, and as such the Empire holds off. These improvements are largely possible thanks to an expansion of the Roman economy and the new quantity of trade goods available. Trade with Urdustan provides gems, opium, cannabis, and cotton to European markets, supplementing the rubber and pepper exported by Malabar. In the colonies, cash crops like rice, tobacco, hemp, indigo, and cotton are exported and make a sizable profit, while a few in Antillia begin experimenting with sugarcane. Socotra and Phoenicia provide dyes, and Phoenicia in particular provides high quality lumber such as cedar. Back in the mainland, Greece provides ample quantities of silver, marble, wine, raisins, saffron, fish, and olive oil. Constantinople, already the silk capital of Europe, expands its considerable trade influence and wealth. Whereas Theodore III sought to expand the Empire to its previous borders, Thomas II seems determined to make sure the gains of the last century are not lost. Serbia begins to merge into the Empire's government, and already the region begins to see some benefits. The cheaper tariffs on Serbia's iron ore helps out Serbian merchants, while the population grows thanks to increased and cheaper food imports. With the call to arms by Bavaria, the Imperial government decides to declare war on Hamburg, citing the alliance with Bavaria and Scandinavia as well as some territorial ambitions. As such, 50,000 troops and seige weapons are sent north to assist the allied efforts.
    • Reme: Fortifications continue to be built, especially in cities like Reme, Avelinia and Patrapolis. Cash crops, like tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo, are continued to be planted in newly acquired area from expansion. Young men, about the number of 700, are given training to join the Roman navy and military back in Europe. The colony is re-inforced with about five ships, some of them galleons and frigates, and 1000 Roman soldiers. While the colony is split up by Hamburg's colony, a series of roads are constructed to help the colonists move around. A few small outposts are constructed throughout the colony to help prevent highwaymen from appearing. Native militias are further trained and equipped with Roman military ordnance. Faced with increased piracy in the area, the colonial authorities decide to act. Unable to target the pirates that take refuge inside New Pomerania, the colonial fleets decide it would be better to limit their ability to hide. Roman fleets travel around the region of the Seminole and destroy pirate bases where they are found. To further protect the gains from the previous year, a fortress is constructed in the OTL Tampa Bay area and more outposts are constructed along the keys. Existing outposts are further fortified as the Empire continues to expand there. While not intended to be a settler colony, some people begin to move in, seeking new land to farm cash crops on and to live. As existing settlements are consolidated, no further inland expansion occurs, as it is presently too dangerous to expand farther than the coastal forts or outposts.
    • Austria: This turn in both our nation and the nations of Bohemia, Luxembourg, Austrian Switzerland, Lusatia, and our colonial territories and possessions is dedicated to economy. We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port, to respond to dangers in the area and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren. With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Several ships begin construction in Trieste, Melilla, Venice, and other ports, to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and other trade partners, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. Expeditions to the New World continue to increase trade with our possessions, establishing a trade route between Westenland, Reichland, and the West Indies. Trade posts in the Caribbean are expanded and grow as they become more frequently visited. Neu Bruchhausen and Dominisburg continues to expand. We ask to buy back the territory of Kluftland from Hispania, and also offer a potential military alliance to ensure the safe transfer of the territory and to ensure our mutual defense in the future. Military from the time of our union with Spain continues to be reformed and upgraded, forming the tercio, an infantry formation made up of pikemen, swordsmen and arquebusiers in a mutually supportive formation. Each tercio is standardized at 3000 soldiers, and drilled to be proficient in combat. We ask to purchase Westenland back from France, and also offer an alliance in Africa, promising to aid them in their colonial endeavours.
  • Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: This turn is dedicated to military development. We begin rebuilding our nation’s manpower and military capabilities after the series of recent wars. Trade continues between neighboring nations and allies, as well as to our colonies in the Imperial Sea. Ship production is increased in our ports, with new shipyards and docks being constructed to facilitate larger garrisons of trade ships and military vessels. A small castle begins construction in Gdansk to protect the city and harbor.
    • Polish Imperial Isles: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Steady streams of colonists reach the island of St Stanislaus, where they will soon be sent onto the islands of St Otto and Nowy Krakow to settle.

Footnotes

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