In the 17th century, the catastrophic end of the Industrial Era begins. Anti-colonial wars and terrorism, weapons of mass destruction and finally desastrous human-induced climate changes haunt the world.
After two centuries of military occupation, devastating warfare and invasive and pollutive exploitation of their natural resources, dozens of Atlantic, Caribian, South-West African and Samoyedic nations rise in anti-colonial rebellions and wars, now endowed with fitting political philosophies and alternative social, political and economic models at hand, leading among them the Haudenosaunee concept of "unhot`a". At first, though, the imperial powers are unwilling to give up their possessions, and they even use newly developed terrible weapons of mass destruction: poisonous gas and fatal bacteria.
Throughout the 17th century, global temperature rises due to elevated carbon-dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere after centuries of fossil fires on an industrial scale. Among its catastrophic effects are desastrous hurricanes, sunken islands and coastlines, the desertification of Northern Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, Central Atlantis and South-West Africa. As frozen soil in Siberia and Northern Atlantis thaws, unknown germs begin to circulate, killing millions in pandemics. Pandemics, desertification and falling agricultural outputs as well as floods, hurricanes and lethal heat waves cause mass migrations. Wealthier countries in geographically more fortunate areas attempt to isolate and shield themselves against these waves of immigrants, having to fight with sinking agricultural output themselves.
The triple crisis of economic breakdown (caused by all the above together), climate change and anti-colonial terrorism and war finally brings the governments of the world together in the pursuit of common international policies against the serious threats to humankind. The World Council is formed in 1668, and in 1684, the Internal Climate Protocol is finally signed in Tlacopan, in which almost all governments of the world commit themselves to a radical reduction of carbon-dioxide emissions and to reforestation.