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- The Irish expand northward in South Africa and North America. The tell the Mamluks that they can have the South African territories if the Mamluks give the Irish all of their current African territory.
- The Japanese expand north in Asia, touching the Arctic circle.
- The Hapsburgs organize Poland and Lithuania into two separate District Republics. Each has autonomy, but owe their overall loyalty to the Hapsburg King. They have the same rights as the Bosnian and Bohemian Republics. Some Austrians brave the cold and set up a colony on Baffin Island.
- The English continue an expansion of their fleet and merchant marine. They propose a three-way defensive alliance between themselves, Florence and Japan. Florence agrees, as they already had a defensive alliance with England in place beforehand. Much like Florence, England subsidizes private education. The army has begun to be reformed, with a focus on "denial of use" tactics. More training is given to the individual recruit as well (primarily in the area of field fortifications and small unit tactics).
- The Mamluks offer the Irish a new deal. All their territory in Thailand for all of the Irish territory in Africa. They also begin growing cotton in the empire. The Navy is split into three armadas: one for dealing with pirates, one for trade and exploration and one for war. The Mamluks take over massive amount's of land in West Africa.
- The Scottish expand deeper into thr Brazilian rainforest. The area is settled with Africans brought from the growing African territories.
- The Florentines launch a massive expansion of their Amazon territories, coupled with an increase in the size of their merchant marine.
- France expands its African colony to border Mamluk territory.
- Muscovy, hoping to expand its territory and naval capacity, invades the Kalmar Union, with an army vastly outnumbering the Scandinavian military.
- The Irish expand northward in Africa.
- The Japanese expand northward in Asia.
- The Ottomans offer to buy the western half of the territory on the horn of Africa from the English for 6,000,000 florins and trade rights.
- China builds up their military with the new powder and starts to build a wall between the Chinese Korea and Japanese Korea to stop the influx of illegal immigrants. They finish the ring of forts on the empire's borders and islands.
- The Hapsburgs obtain some of the Ottoman powder, and begin incorporating it into their army. They also use German weaponsmiths to think up new weapons, but development isn't complete yet. The Moroccan colony expands to the border of Spanish Morocco, and the Baffin Island colony expands a bit.
- Scottish Brazil is renamed Hibrasil and expands deeper into the rainforest. Scottish Africa also expands east. The colonies in Mexico increase in population density and significant populations of Scots emerge in Irish Mexico as well as smaller populations in Florentine lands. Jarl Phillipos dies and his son Socrates (named after the philosopher) inherits his father's place.
- The Mamluks began building cotton plantations all over the empire. Known as the "White Gold" cotton makes millions for the Mamluks, and the plantations give thousands jobs, and cotton makes the empire so wealthy, the Sultan decides to call of taxes for the rest of the year. Meanwhile, the empire begins experimenting with gunpowder. Matchlock Rifles replace hand cannons. They expand westward in Africa. They also expand south, and their empire borders Irish Africa
- The Florentines direct all their efforts to colonizing the Amazon. Subsidized education and various other economic incentives are halted as all funds are diverted to expansion. An offer of $400,000 equivalent in Florentine coinage plus 250 acres of land per family speed up the process of colonization, and, by the time the year is out, all the uncolonized land left is an area along the Rio Tocantins.
- The English decline the Ottoman's offer, and, in fact, expand that colony to take up much of the Nigerian coastline, and parts well inland. The Yoruba Legion is formed, composed of some 30,000 natives offered the same deal that was offered to the Native Americans. Smaller Igbo and Nupe Legions are created, as well. The Navy is heavily expanded. English Brazil is sold to the Florentines for 15,000,000 florins.
- Muscovy continues to expand into the Kalmar Union, as the country's defense capabilities continue to break down, the Muscovian army continues an advance along the Scandinavian peninsula.
- France continues to expand its colony in Indonesia.
- Ireland expands north in South Africa and west in North America
- Japan puts full efforts toward exploring Indonesia.
- Colonization of South America is complete. Florence resumes all of its economic subsidies. Their empire is consolidated during this period.
- England continues to expand their fleet. All of Nigeria and Cameroon is under English control at this point in time. The army and legions continue to be reformed and improved.
- Muscovy continues to advance along the Scandinavian peninsula, the king of the Kalmar Union, John of Denmark, declares a full military retreat from Scandinavia, and Muscovy begins plans to cross the Kattegat and and invade Denmark itself.
- France continues to expand its territory in Indonesia to another island.
- The Ottomans continue to expand in weaponry and develop a rifle of their own. They also create a liquid that is really sticky and really flammable, they call it black fire. After the fiasco of the new powder getting out quickly, they keep the recipe and samples of the liquid under lock, key and guard.
- China finishes their wall dividing Korea into Chinese Korea and Japanese Korea.
- The new wing of the Hapsburg palace in Vienna is finished. This commemorates the ascension to power of the Monarchy on the Continent. The Austrians finish setting up their initial network of interconneected satellite states, by giving nominal independence to Hungary and making it a District Republic like Bohemia, Bosnia, Poland, and Lithuania. This is a policy that will be continued when new land is conquered. The colony in Morocco expands eastward, along the Spanish border, which is more fertile than the desert in the south.
- The Mamluks build more cotton plantations. They ask the Ottomans for the black fire, and they also expand west.
- The Irish expand northward in Africa.
- The Japanese, while scouting out Indonesia, discover Eastern Australia and set up a colony there. Meanwhile, the Japanese accept the English offer for a triple alliance.
- The Mamluks began to consolidate their empire. The Mamluk Army is made considerably larger.
- Austria invades the Kingdom of Serbia. Despite hard resistance, the superior equipment and training of the Austrian army allows them to triumph. Serbia is conquered and turned into a District Republic, adding onto the Hapsburg network of satellite states. Troops stay there to ensure that the new government is not challenged by remnants of the Serbian army.
- Scotland founds a colony in West Africa, as well as one in Indochina. Transport links are built across Scottish India. Hibrasil is consolidated and large amounts of Poles and Serbs arrive in the area, escaping Hapsburg rule. Borealia becomes more densely populated.
- English colonists arrive on Kangaroo Island and Tasmania, claiming the land for king and country. The army and Legions are continually reformed and expanded. A smaller colony is also set up on East Timor and one on Cape York, while Welsh colonists set up in and around the Barossa Valley.
- Florentines arrive in force in Victoria and New South Wales. The government claims all of New South Wales itself, granting each settler's family some 12,000 acres. The navy and merchant marine are expanded considerably.
- The Ottomans will give the Mamluks the black fire if they give the Ottomans some of their land in Africa. The Ottomans also sail south from their Maldives colonies and form a colony in western Australia.
- Ireland consolidates its power. Conditions in Irish territories, though very good compared to most nations are improved even more. Ireland also launches a campaign against Iceland.
- France continues to expand its Southeast Asian colony.
- Muscovy now controls the entirety of the Scandinavian peninsula, and now launches its invasion of Denmark.
- After uprisings occur in Spanish Morocco, Austrian troops move in and occupy the area. Protests from Spain are ignored. The Hapsburgs believe that the Spanish are not strong enough to challenge them.
- England has not forgotten the war they lost to the KU in the previous century, and join in in the war on Muscovy's side. Oldenberg, the Shetlands and the Faroes are taken, while Iceland is invaded. The colony on Tasmania now encompasses the entire island while more and more colonists (mostly out of Kent and Sussex) make landfall in Victoria. The navy is expanded.
- Florence expands their holdings in New South Wales. The islands of Flores, Sumba and Sumbawa are taken. Fortifications are built and troops moved into the Nile River Valley. The army is considerably expanded.
- China founds a colony in northern Australia.
- The Empire of Trebizond launches an invasion of Burma, intent on gaining access to the Pacific Ocean. Pontic settlers which also set sail from St. John's Isle the previous year reach the islands of Bangka-Belitung, colonizing both and finding the land fertile enough for growing crops and setting up a major imperial trading post. The native population make friends with the Greek merchants, offered access to massive quantities of silk, glass, and gold in return for allowing the settlers to build their colonies there.
- The Mamluks capture one of the larger Islands in Indonesia.
- Japan expands farther inland into Australia.
- Ireland expands its African colony upward.
- Japan expands farther inland into Australia
- Muscovy continues its campaign against the Kalmar Union with their invasion of Denmark proper. The navy of Muscovy blockades the capital city, Copenhagen, as a land army is brought to invade Denmark in the country's west. The plan is to starve Denmark's capital so that when the army comes to conquer it, it will be very easy.
- France continues to expand its Indonesian colony.
- The Empire of Trebizond brutally crushes Burmese resistance with heavy artillery and their powerful guns. Rangoon is taken by storm. Trebizond now has 3,000 of their mobile merchant vessels across the world. These vessels are very close to the water and shaped like 'floating crackers'. However, their rotating gun turret and small, low, size ensure that their cannons can blast holes in the hulls of larger ships while the taller military vessels cannot target them easily because their mounted cannons are too high to aim them efficiently. One such vessel makes its appearance in the East Indies, landing settlers on South Kalimantan. The new colony is organized under the same administration of Trebizond's other Indonesian islands and becomes known as the 'Greek East Indies'.
- The Ottomans expand their colony in Australia
- China gives Scotland an ultimatum, leave Vietnam or risk war
- The Hapsburg connect their Moroccan territories. They also pay the nomads in the desert money to make maps of where the oases are in the desert. Knowledge of settleable places in the desert expands, and the Hapsburgs prepare to colonize it.
- Ireland expands northward in Africa. They offer to help Scotland if the Chinese go to war with them.
- Japan expands farther into Australia.
- Scotland replies that it has no territories in Vietnam, only in Burma-an area free of Chinese influence-but that is has taken the words of the Chinese as a direct threat to its territory in Burma. Jarl Saul appoints various Greek aristocrats to new duchies across the empire, in an attempt to consolidate the spread of colonial expansion into the Scottish feudal system and to ensure the Philippine hegemony. One of the nations finest generals takes stewardship of the Burmese colony. Troops are mustered to defend their territory. Scotland states that any Chinese aggression will be a direct assault on Christendom.
- The Empire of Trebizond, viewing the looming war between Scotland and China with amused interest, sends a message to Scotland announcing that their maps are apparently of very poor quality, because it seems that the Scottish settlers who thought they landed in Burma landed in Vietnam instead. They announce that Burma is now one of their imperial territories, with no Scottish colonies there. Despite being in control of Rangoon and the Burmese coast (Through a series of military outposts on the Indian Ocean), much of inland Burma remains lawless jungle, with no real Trapezuntine control. The emperor believes he will reach the Pacific Ocean and orders his armies to the east. The Southeast Tagma is formed for the defense of Burma and other southeastern territories. Unlike traditional Byzantine Tagma's, the Trebizond Tagma consists of several units organized into one army, similar to the ancient Roman legions.
- The Mamluks send soldiers to Vietnam to assist the Chinese in their war against Scotland. They harass Scottish supply lines.
- The ottomans military is on high alert with the crisis with China and Scotland
- China Tells Scotland one last time that if they don't leave Vietnam they risk war with their alliance (Muscovy, Ottoman Empire, Mamluks) and the Empire of Trebizond.
- England continues expansion of its Australian colonies. They expand their fleets and improve their infrastructure.
- Florence continues expansion of its Australian colonies.
- The Hapsburgs begin settling the oases in the Sahara, spreading their influence. They leave the natives alone, and connect their colonies with high walled roads, in order to keep sand from covering them.
- The Irish expand northward in Africa. They offer assistance to Scotland in case of a war. They improve their army and interior as well.
- Japan expands its Australian colonies. They improve their military and interior as well.
- The Muscovian Navy has blockaded Copenhagen to near starvation, but the King still refuses to give in and waits as the Muscovian Army reaches the city and begins to lay siege to it.
- France expands its colonial empire by expanding its colony in West Africa.
- The emperor of Trebizond reshuffles his military. The imperial army, rigidly disciplined and kept in constant training, is now one of the largest and most powerful in the East. The 250,000 regulars are divided into individual Tagma's across the empire and dispatched to strategic locations along Trebizond's eastern borders. Meanwhile, a policy is also instituted in urbanizing the vast expanse of the Central Asian steppes. New cities are founded, and Greeks are attracted by free land and special advantages to come and settle there. Great numbers of enterprising Greek traders from Byzantium and Trebizond alike soon flock there to set up businesses, and everywhere they begin to form the ruling class of these new cities.
- The Hapsburgs set up a colony on Baffin Island. They also expand the roads that connect their colonies in Morocco, expanding them, to make commerce easier. Austrian guard stations are set there to protect travelers from nomadic raiders. They also increase their military presence in the America to protect settlers from the influx of natives there, who have ben driven into their territory by the other colonial nations.
- The Scottish send an expeditionary force to Indochina to garrison their claimed area and defend it from Chinese attack. Jarl Saul thanks the Irish for their promised help. He then goes on a pilgrimage across Europe to Rome, where he visits the Pope and requests help if the Chinese and their Muslim allies try to fight for Vietnam. Saul also visits Vienna where he speaks with the Hapsburg Emperor. Elsewhere, more aristocratic positions are created across the empire. A distinctly Greek upper class begins to take root in the Scottish Republic, with even the ethnically Scottish nobles adopting Greek as a second language. (Like Russian nobles tended to speak French).
- The Pope gives the Scots his blessing to fight in Vietnam against the Muslims and their Chinese allies, but expresses worry that the war is dragging Christian nations who are bound by their alliances. He notes one such as Muscovy, which the Papacy has not had any previous quarrels with. At the same time, the Papacy tells the nations of Western Europe they are perfectly free to come to the aid of the Scottish government but that is their choice and theirs alone.
- The Burmese Tagma of Trebizond campaigns against aggressive native tribes to the east of the former Burmese kingdom. Meanwhile, the mainland colony in the Greek East Indies swells, and merchants sailing from there colonize the Tambelan archipelago, which falls under the administration of the Greek East Indies. The native population are soon taught how to sufficiently govern themselves with qualified imperial representatives selected by the emperor. Meanwhile, the Imperial Academy for Sciences is founded in Trebizond in an attempt to mirror the ancient Hellenistic Academy for Research established by the ancient successor states to Alexander the Great's empire. Here, doctors recruited from Greece, Persia, Arabia, and Palestine constantly work on revising Byzantine medical textbooks. Scholars pore over Roman and Greek manuscripts, deciphering, concluding matters of accuracy, and compiling grammar books and Greek dictionaries.
- Ireland amps up its military might. They are ready to wage war at moment's notice.
- France continues to expand its colony in West Africa, mostly expanding it along the coast.
- The Muscovian Army continues its siege to the KU capital, Copenhagen. But as a harsh North European winter sets in, many people in Copenhagen rebel against the army and the king. Army stores are destroyed and army men are taken and killed. The king is killed in early December and the Muscovians enter the city a week later, victorious and proud. Muscovy now declares itself owner of all of Denmark and the KU disbanded, leaving Iceland for Britain.
- England completes its invasion of Iceland and expands its Australian colonies, as well as expanding its African colonies eastward. The navy is improved and expanded.
- Florence expands its African colonies, as well as expanding and improving its navies.
- The Hapburgs order an large increase in the size of the army. They are worried by Muscovy's growing might, and feel that their army would not be able to stop Muscovy's if they go to war. Many young men are pulled into the armed forces, where they are to be taught for three years how to fight if they receive the call to arms.
- Naples sets up a colony in Western Africa, and calls it New Naples.
- Jarl Saul declares that if the Chinese leave the tiny colony in peace, the Scottish will not provoke a conflict. But any aggression will not be tolerated. Elsewhere, the enobling of Greek followers and the subdividing Borealia into new duchies is almost coming to an end. The Indian Legions are founded. They are used to expand territory in Africa. A group of wealthy men of the Colonial Company challenge the power of Saul over the Chinese Question. Saul reacts by calling a Grand Moot, the event to elect a new Jarl, the first time it had happened during the reign of a Jarl. The strength of the new aristocracy is displayed in that even with massive campaigns to remove him by the Colonial Company, Saul is overwhelmingly re-elected. The Philippine Dynasty secures absolute power over the Scottish Republic and Saul is confident that his successors will hold power in Scotland for a long time to come. He abolishes the Colonial Company.
- The Scottish Republic expands in West Africa, naming the new colony Philippinia after the ruling dynasty. Elsewhere, colonies are building the Arctic islands of North America and an attempt at a new colony in Australia is attempted.
- Hapsburg Emperor Maximilian I dies. His son, Charles V, takes the throne. He reaffirms his commitment to the HRE and the Pope. He also renews his promise to help Scotland in the event of war.
- Asiatics, educated in Trebizond's schools and speaking the Greek language, now also take their places in the ranks of Pontic Greeks to form a Graeco-Oriental aristocracy. To help manage such a large empire, the Emperor allows conquered peoples freedom over local government. Following the old Roman way of ruling, provinces are re-divided into urban municipalities. Vanquished tribes and nations are organized into districts with one major city as the capital. Encouraged by the imperial administration, the local people use their own wealth to improve what they have in their respective district. By the end of the year, the new organization has left the Empire of Trebizond more or less a vast patchwork of self-governing provinces with a local freedom protected by the emperor.
- The Commonwealth declare their neutrality in the looming Scottish-Chinese conflict, but announce that they will permit military access to Bulgaria to all the nations taking action in this war and also decree their defense of the Pope's kingdom if any form of invasion is brought upon him.
- France establishes a colony in eastern Australia.
- Following the end of the Kalmar-Muscovy War, Vasili the III, Muscovian Emperor, declares Muscovy the Russian Empire and begins expanding the Russian Army and Navy.
- New Naples expands eastward, bringing great riches for the Kingdom of Naples.
- The Ottomans expand their Australian colony.
- China offers Scotland a proposal: we'll let you keep the colony if you pay for it leave us alone and give us some land in Africa. They also expand their Australian colony'.
- The Irish expand northward in Africa
- The Japanese expand their colony in Australia.
- Many advances in the Mamluk Sultanate are constructed for astronomy and math, and the Mamluks' main export, cotton, helps the empire build new universities and military academies. A man named Mahmud Uqias becomes Sultan. The citizens adore him because he was born the son of a merchant, not born into the royal family like most Sultans. Sultan Mahmud promises to bring the empire to greater glory and orders the construction of cannon foundries, drafting peasants into the army, and training them to be minuteman, ready to fight at a moment's notice. They expand westward in Africa.
- Scotland gives China many chests of gold as well as one of their Central African colonies. Elsewhere, slaves are shipped to plantations in Borealia and India. Aztec architecture and culture is adopted across the Scottish Central American and Caribbean colonies. They are united into the Dominion of Aztlan. Scottish colonists arrive in Australia.
- The Ottoman military stands down after being on high alert from the possible Scottish-Chinese conflict. They expand their Australian colony.
- China accepts Scotland's gold and territory. They start sending settlers to the new colony. they also expand their Australian colony.
- France expands its Australian colony.
- Russia establishes a colony in southern Greenland.
- The Mamluks establish a colony on the coast of Australia. It is called New Somalia. A few hundred settlers are sent to build up the colony, and several Imams are sent to convert the population to Islam.
- The Empire of Trebizond lands small garrison forces on the five islands of North Maluku. Construction begins on a small outpost on the largest island to defend the invaluable natural harbor there. The native peoples prove hostile, but are beaten back and chased through the jungle with heavy artillery. The trees for a mile around the outpost location are cut down for timber and to prevent native ambush parties from sneaking out of the jungle and attacking the settlers. Meanwhile, Trebizond officially annexes the remaining provinces between its eastern provinces and China.
- The Hapsburgs expand their colony on Baffin Island.
- The Scottish Australian colonies are expanded, as are the West African colonies. A colony is also established in Greenland. Jarl Saul dies and is replaced by his son, Philippos II. Under Saul, the Empire reached new heights and Scotland has experienced a Golden Age.
- The Irish expand northward in Africa.
- The Japanese expand in Australia.
- The Ottomans crown a new Sultan, Sultan Suleiman I. To Start off his rule greatly, the sultan orders the making of a new grand city. He names the city of Koltuk, it is located on the southern part of turkey at the locations of OTL Antalya. The city will be massive, it will have a series of aqueducts to provide water, many public baths, a series of schools and a huge university, in the center of the city there will be a huge walled citadel/palace and to top it off he plans to build a grand mosque in the city. The Australian colony expands.
- China sends an emissary laden with gifts and good wishes to the new Ottoman sultan. Their Australian colony expands.
- The Hapsburgs expand their colony in Morocco.
- The Empire of Trebizond begins pushing inland with their African colony. It is renamed 'Greek West Africa'. Meanwhile, settlers also expand the colony on South Kalimantan. A colonial office is established there to manage affairs of the Greek East Indies for the emperor. The Empire of Trebizond asks the Mamluk Sultanate for permission to build a trading post in Somalia. They tell the Egyptians that if they build a major port there, it can be become a very rich trading spot for European ships passing between Europe, America, and Asia. Of course, they will give half the money earned from the port business to the Mamluk Sultan if he allows them to build it there.
- France continues to expand its colonial empire by establishing a colony in Tasmania.
- Russia expands its colony along the Greenland coast.
- Naples expands their SA colony.
- Sultan Uqias more than happily allows the Greeks to build a trading post in Somalia, seeing it to be benefical for both nations. The Mamluk Australian colony expands. A fort is built within the colony, and a garrison of 500 soldiers is stationed there. The colony thrives thanks to its fishing industry. Cotton plantations are built, along with a port on the coast, with supplies the colonists with vast amounts of fresh fish from the sea. By the end of 1521, almost 5,000 people live in the colony. Many imams are successful at converting the Maori natives, and the Maori become so religious that they form a special league of holy warriors called Muttawia. Sultan Uqias also sends gifts to Suleiman I. The Sultan gives Sulieman 1,000,000 florins to help construct Koltuk.
- Scotland expands control in Australia and the toe hold colony in West Africa is also expanded. Jarl Phillipos encourages Scottish nationalism and glorifies the Catholic faith, turning many duchies into ecclesiarches upon their dukes deaths. These ecclesiarches are ruled directly by the Catholic Church within the Scottish Republic. It is deeply unpopular with the locals, who distrust the remote Roman Church and dislike an overbearing influence of the religious on their lives. As well as this, though Catholicism is the religion of the upper class, an upsurge in other heresies is growing.
- Ferdinand I, son of the Hapsburg Emperor Charles, marries into the Castillan royal family. The colony in Morocco is expanded.
- Ireland's African colonies grow.
- Japan's Australian colony grows.
- France establishes another colony on the South Island of New Zealand.
- Russia continues to expand its Greenland colony.
- The Ottoman Sultan thanks the Mamluks for their gifts and assures them that their money will be used well in the production of the city. The Australian colony expands, they build several forts in the colony and garrison the colony with 15,000 soldiers and artillery pieces.
- China expands their Australian colony. they build several forts in the colony and garrison the colony with 10,000 soldiers and artillery pieces.
- Ireland's African colonies grow and their military improves.
- Japan's Australian colony grows.
- Scotland's Greenland colony expands, as does the West Africa one. The Central African colony also expands northward. Harl Philippos travels to England and requests control of Glasgow and Edinburgh back.
- Thanks to the marriage of Ferdinand I into the Castillan royal family, the Hapsburgs initiate closer relations with the Castillans. This includes increased trade, and the Hapsburgs send military advisors to Castille to see the status of their military and suggest improvements. The advisors bring back word of an untried Spanish style of warfare, which involves professional soldiers arranged into deep ranks with an assortment of weapons to deal with any situation on the battlefield. The Austrian High Command takes note, and realizing the combat potential, starts reorganizing their military along the lines of the Spanish Tercio. The Baffin Island colony expands westward.
- The new Ottoman city is near completion and is looking amazing. They expand their Australian colony and build a university in the colony to provide quality education. The native peoples are treated very well. They love the increased quality of life they received. They all convert to Islam. They sail south and found a colony in OTL Perth. They keep the name Perth, the native peoples the Noongar, hearing of the goodness of the quality of life for the Yapa, accept the ottomans and convert to Islam. The Ottomans build ports, towns, roads, forts, aqueducts and a school in the new colony. They garrison 5,000 troops and artillery pieces there.
- China expands their Australian colony. They build roads to connect all the cities, towns and villages, build aqueducts, and a university. Because of the increase of quality of life they have very good relations with the native peoples the Yolngu, Tiwi, Anindilyakwa and the Yapa.
- The Mamluks expand their Australian colony much further inland. The colony is named Ahmerrad, and the population increases to 20,000. The natives are friendly with the Mamluks, trading with them and telling them the layout of the land. The colony in Indonesia sends them supplies, but the Ahmerrad can support itself now. Goods are sent back to New-Cairo, where they are traded to other nations. Ahmerrad becomes yet another source of wealth for the Mamluks. A university is built in Ahmerrad, and walls are built along the colony to keep out any hostile natives or other threats. The Imperial Mamluk army and Navy are made much larger.
- France continues to expand its Oceanian colonies, establishing a military garrison of 20,000 in Australia and 10,000 on New Zealand.
- Russia expands its colony on Greenland, mostly inward, and builds a fort to support their military interests on the island.
- The Hapsburgs expand their Baffin island colony inward. They finish reorganizing their army into Tercios.
- The Irish expand their South African Colony. Irish/Mamluk relations begin to go sour and the Irish expand their military.
- The Japanese expand in Australia and they expand their military.
- Jarl Philippos is assassinated in Borealia. The southern areas especially revolt against the ecclesiarches and begin preparing troops to defend against a Papist invasion. More shockingly, the nobles in these areas symapthise with the rebels. Baron Tovios Avios-McDonald leads the rebels. Jarl Karolos takes power in Scotland and readies a fleet to crush the rebellion.
- France's Oceanian colonies are massively expanded, as a plan by the French government to block other nations' abilities to expand in the area.
- Russia continues to expand its Greenland colony and increasing the military garrison along the coast, building another fort and port to add on.
- The Mamluks, growing concerned about Ireland expanding their military, begin sending troops to their borders.
- The English expand their Australian colony, and set up military bases there, to support their alliance with Japan, and Far Eastern ambitions.
- The Ottomans expand their Australian colonies. The construction of Koltuk is nearly complete.
- China expands its colony. There is rebellion in the Philippines, but they are swift to crush it.
- Japan expands in Australia.
- Florence expands its colony in Australia south and west. They also begin to invade the nation of Madrahapit in eastern Java, easily sweeping through it. A great amount of public buildings are built, like universities, roads and aqueducts. The Universitá di Firenze (University of Florence) opens. That same year, a young man named Martin Lutero writes 92 thesis about the Catholic Church's absolute domination, its corruption and its hypocrisy, and places them on the Santa Maria dei Fiore cathedral's gate. Soon, a new wave of discontent among the Florentine populace appears against the Church. By the end of the year, a new branch of religion called Lutheranism has been created and placed under Lorenzo II de' Medici's tolerance enactment. Lorenzo, although doesn't convert, supplies and offers his protection to Martin Lutero, placing him under full protection by the Duchy of Florence.
- The Irish begin to make amends with the Mamluks. However, due to the recent heretical behavior, the Irish place Martin Lutero under arrest and Irish Assassins search for him. Meanwhile, Protestants are put in jail for heresy in Ireland. Meanwhile, the military is improved.
- The Ottomans expand their Australian colonies.
- China expands its Australian colony and sets up one on the island of Papua New Guinea.
- The Mamluks expand Ahmerrad much further inland. The population of Ahmerrad reaches 100,000. The Mamluk Navy grows vastly in size.
- Lutheranism starts to catch on in England, although harsh persecution from the royal family keeps it largely underground. The English expand the navy more, to a very large size.
- The Hapsburgs expand their Baffin Island colony. They aren't sure how to react to the new sect of Catholicism, but decide to give it time to see if it catches on widely.
- Martin Lutero is found and brought to the Pope to be put on trial. Meanwhile, the Irish expand in Africa.
- Japan expands in Australia.
- Florence, offended by Irish kidnapping of a person protected by the Doge himself, especially because he was kidnapped in Florence's sovereign territory, asks for the Pope to release Martin Lutero and transport him back to Florence. Also, as Martin Lutero is captured unfairly in the Florentine's opinion, and more and more people convert to Lutheranism, including much of the royal house. Lutheran levels rise to 20% of the Florentine population, causing it to become the second largest Christian sect in Florence. The Florentines also expand into the remains of Madrahapit.
- France continues to expand its Oceanian colonies.
- Russia continues expanding its colony on Greenland.
- Luutheranism stays low in England, due to continued Christian persecution. The English expand in Australia.
- The Hapsburgs demand that Venice turn over control of their Balkan territory to Austria, and pay them money, or there will be war. Lutheranism grows in Austria thanks to Florentine emigrants. The Hapsburgs begin moving troops to the Venetian border.
- Martin Luther is taken instead to an Irish court. He gets a fair trial. In the end, he is found guilty of heresy and is excecuted. Meanwhile, the Irish expand in Africa.
- Due to his fathers' rise to prominence as a theologian at Henry College in New Plymouth, John Calvin is sent to the prestigious University of Ute to study philosophy annd religion. He quickly becomes a well-known apolegetic and an ecumenical activist there, putting together protests outside the newly-erected Lutheran churches around the province.
- Florentines are outraged by the Irish trial, which they call unfair. Lorenzo also cuts relations with Ireland, as Martin Lutero was under Florentine protection. Many people convert to Lutheranism within the Italian mainland. The Medici, however, stay Catholic. Lutheranism also spreads later in the year to Florence's American holdings, when several hundred Protestant priests leave Florence to spread Lutheranism. By the end of the year, Florence is mostly Lutheran.
- The Pope refuses to excommunicate Florence on account of their Lutheran faith, as long as the leadership remains Catholic. He shows no remorse for the Irish execution of Martin Luther, but no particular joy for it either, as he was kidnapped from his own nation. The Papacy issues an edict to the Holy Roman emperor, the Hapsburgs, and the King of the United Kingdom, telling them to discriminate against Lutherans in order to keep their numbers low.
- The Empire of Trebizond expands their African colony inward due to a mass migration of Greeks leaving overcrowded cities in Pontus and Georgia. The new settlements quickly swell.
- The Ottomans expand their Australian colonies. The City of Koltuk is completed, it is largest and grandest city every built. It is ten miles wide and 11 miles long and is ringed by a foot thick and 100 feet tall wall, and every 1/4 mile there is a watchtower with 4 cannons in each tower, cannons line the wall. There is an inner citadel with the same defenses as the outer walls. There are multiple markets, theaters, schools and mosques in the city. The Grand Mosque of Koltuk is the largest and most beautiful mosque in the Muslim world. The Black Rock of the Kaba is moved there. The city is fed by multiple huge aqueducts and ports for food, trade beside the multiple land routes. The city is so magnificent that the seat of power of the empire is moved to the city and Koltuk is the new capital of the Ottoman empire.
- China expands its Australian colonies. They set up ports, towns and roads in their new colony in Papua New Guinea island.
- The Hapsburgs occupy the Venetian Balkan territories, and gives it to the District Republic of Serbia. They acknowledge the Papal edict, but do not enforce it too harshly, as they do not see it as a threat, and even see some good bits in it.
- The English continue to persecute the Lutherans harshly. The Enligh translation of the New Testament arrives in England.
- The Scottish army sent to crush the Reformist rebels in Borealia is humiliated in the north. The leaders seize on Lutheranism and begin organising an army and navy to spread the new faith across the Empire, displace the Philippine dynasty and re-establish order and true faith witin an almighty Scotland.
- France continues to expand its colony on Oceania, now spreading a lot along the eastern and southern Austrlian coast, as New Zealand has all been colonized.
- Russia continues to expand its colony on Greenland.
- The emperor of Trebizond lands a sizable force on Southern Sumatra to begin subduing the native peoples there. As a result of massive overpopulation, the emperor begins drafting more and more Asiatics and Greeks into the imperial army and sending them abroad. Veterans of previous colonial wars are given tracts of land in Greek West Africa, while others are sent in ever-increasing numbers to become merchants and businessmen in the island of Sulawesi.
- The Pope, frustrated by the growth of Lutheran influence, calls for a union of the Churches. Martin Luthero preached of the Papacy's corruption, and the Pope hopes something can be done to amend the points brought up by Luthero. He asks for a meeting with the Scottish and Florentine Lutheran Church leaders in Rome.
- Ahmerrad grows in size. Sultan Uqias orders the construction of a new city in Somalia called Narra. The city will be built along the coast, and a huge palace will be built there. The empire expands further west into Africa. The elite Mamluk warriors, the Askari, are sent to help conquer land in West Africa.
- John Calvin continues his education at UU. He is taught by such figures as Alexander Alane, Heinrich Bullinger (a staunch Lutheran), Martin Bucer, and Huldrych Zwingli.
- France expands it colony on Australia, now bordering even the Chinese colony.
- Russia expands its colonial empire by establishing a colony on the islands north of Canada.
- The Ottomans Expand their Australian colony. They ask to buy the land separating the main part of the empire from the Arabian part for 15,000,000 florins. Sultan Suleiman I invites foreign leaders, dignitaries and ambassadors to see the empires new capital city.
- China expands its Australian and Papua New Guinean colonies and captures the last Philippine islands. From their African colony they set up a new colony in OTL Cameroon.
- The English continue hunting down Lutherans. They expand their Australian colony.
- The Hapsburgs expand their Baffin island colony. The growth of Lutheranism in Austria continues, with the Hapsburgs seeing that it will cause change for the better, they give the Lutherans a wink and a nod to converting people to their new form of Christianity.
- The Irish expand their military. They grow concerned that the Mamluks might try to invade. Meanwhile, the African colony is expanded.
- Japan expands in Australia.
- I'm going on a trip for a couple days, until around Wednesday. I don't know what my internet access is going to be, so don't rip my countries apart until I say I'm back. OK guys? Azecreth 22:26, December 17, 2010 (UTC)
- The Irish expand their military and the African colony.
- The Ottomans expand their Australian colonies.
- China expands all of its colonies.
- Lorenzo II dies during his sleep, at age 89, possibly the oldest person in Florence at the time. He is mourned throughout Florence, as he brought the Republic into a golden age. His successor, Alessandro I, implements a series of military and civil reforms. He eliminates the Florentine exception of the tolerance policy toward Muslims. He also amps up and diversifies the Florentine Army. It modernizes its infantry, usually changing hand cannons for matchlock rifles. It is also diversified, as Florence takes up Middle Eastern, European and Indigenous American soldier types and weapons as part of the Florentine Army. The same happens with cavalry and artillery. However, it's the Navy which gets the most advances. It becomes larger and better armed, designed to protect commercial and transport ships crossing the seas. Some Medici also start converting to Lutheranism: the Doge, however, stays Catholic. Some Medici and other religious leaders also start sending missionaries to various nations: Ireland, England and the Ottoman Empire are the most heavily-targeted, due to political tensions and those nation's general intolerance toward Lutheranism. Florence also expands its Australian colony so that it takes up all of the territory between the English and Japanese colonies.
- A man named Hayreddin Barbarossa comes to Sultan Uqias, offering to be a general in his army. The Sultan says yes, and Barbarossa becomes the lead general in the Mamluk Army. The army is modernized, musketeers fill the ranks of the Mamluk army. After crushing an African Warlord's army while conquering land in Africa, Barbarossa is appointed heir to the throne. Meanwhile, the Imperial Navy expands. Ahmerrad expands further along the coast of Australia. The navy constructs a new kind of ship. A massive 75 gun ship with 3 decks. Over 150 of these ships are made.
- The Pope again calls for Florence and Scotland to negotiate for a Union between the Churches. He warns a major war may follow if they refuse. Meanwhile, the Papacy also rejects the Turkish offer for the Kingdom of Aram. As Florence is becoming increasingly Lutheran, he abolishes Florentine interests in Aram, but because of the doge's continued faith the Pope allows Florence to maintain Tripoli, Edessa, and Antioch.
- The Empire of Trebizond overruns the last established Indonesian state of South Sumatra. The royals of each kingdom and tribe are executed as a show of power. This new block of territory becomes known as Greek Sumatra, in joint administration with the Greek East Indies. Agitated by the growing number of Lutherans arriving in the empire fleeing persecution in Europe, the emperor bars them from swarming the borders of his dominion and begins to enforce strict immigration laws for Western Europeans entering Trebizond or any of its overseas territories.
- The English offer to help the Papal States in any wars against Lutheranim. They begin preparing their forces for a potential conflict, while continuing to persecute them.
- The Hapsburgs start to realize that maybe it would be best to at least pretend they are trying toget rid of the Lutherans, in order to maintain their alliance with the Papal States, and to further their interests when the election for the next Holy Roman Emperor comes around. The Baffin Island colony expands and the Hapsburgs establish a bigger presence there.
- The Irish excecute any Lutheran missionaries. They begin modernizing their army as well. They begin working on upgrades to the Matchlock Rifle. They urge the Scottish, a longtime ally, to reject the heresy spreading throughout Europe. The African colony expands.
- Florence demands that the Papal States give them Aram back, as Aram has always been a Florentine dominion, because the missionaries are not official, and that the leadership is for now, Catholic. Florentine troops stationed in Aram or other Crusader states refuse to leave the region. Alessandro, although he wants to maintain peace in Europe, is forced by the Military Forces of Florence to greatly increase the numbers of the armies, and that he modernizes them even more, as they are afraid that the Pope will soon declare war. Many Catholic churches are turned into Lutheran ones: Alessandro tries to stop it and send an army to detain the persecutions, but the army, in fact, joins the Lutherans in the task, as most of the army is Lutheran. Troops are stationed throughout all Florentine territories, but the most heavily armed are the territories of the Kingdom of Kemet, the Principality of Antioch/County of Edessa/County of Tripoli, the Kingdom of Saba, the Kingdom of Aram (even though it is not officially a Florentine territory anymore), Continental Florence, the Florentine East Indian Territories, Florentine North America, and Florentine Central America. Tensions also start to mount within Florence between Alessandro and the remainding Catholics, and another son of Lorenzo named Lorenzo as well, which has the support of Protestants and most other religions within Florentine territories.
- The Borealian Lutherans invade Scotland, with popular support. Many working people have been disgusted by the decadence of the Catholic Church. The invading armies ranks swell with volunteers and the army heads to Aberdeen, the capital of the Scottish Republic.
- John Calvin undergoes a spiritual reformation on a trip to Cabela (the Florentine Dakotas). He begins to see the corruption and innately hypocritical teaching of the Church, and is shocked by his previous actions. He moves to a small town in central Borealia, and begins work on an English translation of the Bible from the original Greek.
- The Mamluks expand west into Africa. Ahmerrrad expands.
- The Pope announces that Aram is not officially a Florentine dominion, but was shared between the Papal States and Florence and the Papacy maintains the right to reject Florence from claiming it. He offers to discard the old Latin Bible and accept a new, more accurate, version if the Lutherans can come up with one. The Pope also asks for a peaceful Union between the Churches. If the Lutherans will tell him what they want reformed in the Catholic Church, he will gladly accept them and institute them to prevent the European Church from tearing itself apart.
- The Ottomans expand their Colonies. They ask the maluks for the designd for their new ships.
- China expands its colonies.
- France expands its Australian colony.
- Russia, believing their navy to be far outdated compared to other European powers, begins a massive rehaul of the Russian Navy and builds many new ships based on the designs of British and Florentine ships.
- The Irish refuse to allow the church be changed by heretical terrorists. Irish assassins work full time to find Protestant Missionaries or Preachers and bring them to justice. They urge the Pope not to change the Bible. A very experienced Cardinal from Ireland offers to take the Pope's place, should anything bad happen. Meanwhile, the navy and military continues to modernize.
- The Japanese expand in Australia.
- The Pope publicly admits that the Latin Bible currently used by the Catholic Church hasn't been updated for centuries and could use a new version in more than one language. He also confesses there are many corrupted parts of the Church which do indeed need reform. He is willing to compromise with the Lutherans to stop a war in Europe. He addresses Lutherans everywhere in a speech from Rome, asking them to come to him with their reforms so he can work with them.
- Calvin publishes the Cabellan Standard Version of the Bible ith little fanfare. However, as the year goes on, it is reproduced in many formats throughout English America. He enlists several of his friends as well as his former teachers at UU (including Alane, a fervent convert to Calvin's version of Christianity) to help him translate the old Biblical Greek texts into other languages. In addition, Calvin releases his Treatise on Faith, a small pamphlet expressing Calvin's views. (see talk page; I don't want to clutter up the main page with a bunch of stuff).
- As religious tensions grow and grow in Europe, the Duchy of Milan begins to collectively realize just how small and backward their state has suddenly become in the past few decades. Lutherans from Florence and around Europe pour into Milan, either from persecution or a desire to start a new life in this small country, so far away from the political extremities of their home states. The Catholic royal family is unnerved by this new seemingly heretical branch of Christianity that has swept through the populace, but chooses to be tolerant only because the amount of Lutherans in the country vastly outnumbers the Catholics. Florentine military innovations reach Milan, and the Duke of Milan begins to seek a trading relationship with this much more advanced country. New agriculture techniques also begin to develop, albeit slowly, among the Milanese manors and farms, seeing a small population boost.
- Florentine Lutherans, now led by Paolo Veregio and Lorenzo III, start translating the Lutheran bible to other languages. Most notable among these are the beginnings of translation into Latin, Spanish, German and Irish. Paolo also writes the Catechism (OTL Small and Large Catechisms), and the writing "On the Freedom of a Christian). The Florentines also enter into civil war when a Protestant general takes over the pro-Catholic city of Nuova Firenze in New Italy (OTL Medellín, Colombia). Soon, most cities are pro-Protestant and it is suspected that the war will be an easy landslide for Protestants. Alessandro has to move to Siena as Florence is pro-Protestant. Florence also amplifies its army and establishes relationships with the Duchy of Milan.
- China Expands its colonies.
- The Ottomans expand their colonies. Sultan Suleimon I personally invites the Leader of Milan on a tour of the capital city. In good faith he sends him gifts of spices, gold and dancers.
- The Mamluks expand much further west in Africa. The magnificent city of Narra is completed.
- The Irish back the Catholic church up in saying that it is not trying to take over Europe. They argue that the Pope is God's representative on Earth. They say that the Church needs someone to lead them in the right direction. In the meantime, Irish Assassins continue to bring in heretics for trial. One such heretic is none other than John Calvin. The Irish also continue to advance their naval technology and the African colony expands.
- Japan expands in Australia.
- The Florentine Civil War continues as a landslide for the Protestants: By the end of the year, almost all of Florence supports them. The Florentine Lutherans also continue sending missionaries into several nations: most of the missionaries go to Ireland, the HRE, France and the Ottoman Empire. Florentine Lutherans also propose some type of alliance with the Calvinists.
- Sultan Uqias of the Mamluk Sultanate dies. Barbarossa becomes the new sultan. Meanwhile, after years of expansion, the Mamluk empire finally reaches the Atlantic coast.
- The Lutheran armies overthrow Jarl Karolos and his government. The new government institutes Lutheran ideals as the official religion. A new Jarl is elected. However, he is still of Greek extraction. Jarl Theseus takes power. He brings in an age of learning, separating church and state and investing him and his descendants as the harbingers of a new Lutheran age. The state that if Ireland cotinues to persecute Protestants, they will have no choice but to go to war.
- Calvin manages to escape in transit to an Irish courthouse, and flees to Stornoway. From there, he sails to Aberdeen and asks for protection from the Scottish government. Calvin and Alane together publish the Cabellan Standard Version in both German and contemporary Greek.
- The Duke of Milan is shocked by the forwardness and amiability the heathen Turk had just extended toward him and his small duchy, as well as by the strange and wonderful spices which the sultan gave them. The gold is of course stored immediately into the ducal treasury, along with the majority of profits from the trading deal with Florence. The Duke intends to use these funds in order to purchase the land of the neighbouring HRE principalities in order to enlarge the borders of a slowly growing Milanese population. The Duke of course refuses the pagan dancers to avoid the most unscrupulous of sins. Though the Catholic Duke Francesco II Sforza is rightly suspicious of traveling straight into the heart of heathen territory, his infallible curiosity and desire to see this growing and wonderous world overpowers his courtiers' protests. He excuses himself by claiming it a vital part of his holy journey. He establishes his only son Ludovico as his heir and inheritor and his wife the Duchess di Benevento as the child's Regent until he is old enough to rule. And, in the company of four of his handpicked bodyguard and his friend the Friar Lawrence di Verona. On his arrival to Koltuk Francesco is awestruck by the sheer innovation and wonders of the city, and of the Turkish people themselves. He spends two months in the Sultan's palace, personally walking and discussing with the sultan Suleiman I about matters both casual and important. Friar Lawrence writes of their experiences in the chronicle Two Months in the Company of the Sultan, which becomes published by the University of Pavia and spreads through Italy and southern Europe, especially popular among the peasantry. During his stay in the city of Koltuk Francesco comes to an epiphany concerning the pointlessness of religious conflict and of segregation between man and religion, and leaves Koltuk with a smile and with a farewell of "brother Turks".
- The Ottomans expand their Australian colonies. The Sultan is glad his guest Duke Francesco II Sforza enjoyed his stay in our glorious empire's capital city. As a further invitation to a long friendship between the two nations, Sultan Suleimon I sends Some of the best scholars to help teach Milan's scholars, Military minds to reinvent their military and a renowned architect to help their cities.
- China expands its colonies.
- England gives guns and other weapons to the Catholics fighting in the Florentine Civil War. they figure that prolonged fighting there will make Florence less able to consest British naval superiority. They continue persecuting their Lutherans, and urge Ireland not to give in to the demands of these heretics.
- The Hapsburgs open relations with Milan, and try to create a friendship between the two nations by loaning Milan money for infrastructure improvement, and business initiatives. Their Baffin Island colony expands, and they voice their support for the Popes efforts to reach an agreement with the Lutherans.
- The Pope issues a Papal Bull stating that he will allow every nation of Europe to choose their own official state religion (Lutheran and Calvinist faiths included) without excommunication or a Crusade against them if they will enter into an alliance with the Papal States. Meanwhile, uncomfortable with the prospect of a Lutheran Church on his own borders, the Pope sends the first 7,000 Papal forces into Florence to fight on the side of the Catholics. The Papacy announces that Florence is free to adopt whatever official religion they want, but they will not tolerate Lutherans overthrowing their own Catholic leadership in the name of religion. Meanwhile, the Pope staunchly opposes Milanese plans to expand into the Holy Roman Empire. He warns them that expansion into Germany without the emperor's say will result in a war with the Papal States and Habsburg Austria, both of which have made the HRE a protectorate.
- The Irish relentlessly chase John Calvin, who is suspected of heresy, war crimes, and escaping detention. Meanwhile, Lutheran missionaries continue to be persecuted and killed in Ireland. Meanwhile, they urge the Papal states not to go into an alliance with Lutheran terrorists. The Irish amp up their military and improve their interior.
- The new Scottish government grants John Calvin safety in Scotland and refuses to hand him over to the Irish. The Church of Scotland is established. The navy is remodeled along Florentine and English lines. The army is also expanded. Important Scottish leaders of the Lutheran Revolution are elevated to noble status, replacing those Greek nobles who opposed the revolution. John Calvin is given an honourary peerage as Duke of New Orkney (New Orkney is Scottish Greenland).
- The English voice their support for Ireland's actions, and say that they will support Ireland and anyone else in a war against the Lutherans. their persecution of Lutherans continues. In a daring move, they seize Lutheran held Florentine West Africa, and graft it onto their colony. They say they will give it back when the Florentine Civil War ends.
- The Hapsburgs support the Papal Bull. However, they urge non-interference in Florence. The colony on Baffin Island expands.
- Both Florentine governments demand Ireland to stop its intolerance toward Lutheranism and Calvinism or face war. During the Civil War, the Catholic government receives a boost thanks to the Papal army, but the army is insufficient to take much land back. Soon, Catholic government is phased out the Florentine American colonies: Florence only remains Catholic within Europe. Florence also demands the English to give them back Florentine West Africa. Lutherans land troops there.
- The Mamluks view the Christian Church conflict with interest. They tell Florence that they will support them in a war against England or Ireland if one arises.
- John Calvin sets up a fortified monastery in Perthshire using money donated by his supporters. From this secure position he pens a letter of rebuttal concerning the crimes he supposedly committed to the Irish king. He writes "... You accuse me of heresy, yet I most certainly do not worship any pagan god or consort with the forces of the Devil. The Church itself is a heresy by declaring that it itself can better interpret God's commands than the common folk. God does not change his views based on what is most convenient for the Church, and the Church has most certainly done so over the years. You accuse me of war crimes, yet is the sovereignty of nations not violated when Irish marauders and assassins continue to strike down reformers and heretics left and right? Our followers do not follow the philosophy of hypocrisy, and if one who claims to follow our teachings, yet kills for the sake of someone being of a different creed than their own, then he is not one of ours. You accuse me of escaping detention. This is completely correct, and I have indeed broken the laws of the sovereign and blessed nation of Ireland. While you did unlawfully abduct me from another nation, I suppose I will humor you. When all this has settled down and I receive a letter written by your king's hand and another from the Pope, stamped with his seal, giving the promise of a free and fair trial on that one charge only, I will escort myself to the Irish Consulate in Aberdeen and turn myself in. If, on arrival at the courtroom, I am charged with any other crimes listed, or, indeed, not charged at all and sent to the chopping block, then all the world may consider the word and honor of both the king of Ireland and the Pope to be nullified."
Won't be able to upload maps the next seven days. If someone will take over this duty it will be much appreciated.--Emperor of Trebizond 20:09, December 21, 2010 (UTC)
- The English tell the Lutheran Florentines to go shoot themselves. They tell the Catholic Florentines that they will hold on to the African territory until the Catholics have won the war. If they do not win, then the English will allow them to set up a nation there under English protection. The English deploy troops there, to drive off the Lutheran Florentines. The English navy moves to intercept their transports and keep them trapped in Africa.
- The Ottomans expand their colonies. The Sultan makes education mandatory for all children ages 6 to 18, (the first nation to ever do so). For those who can afford to go, the government will pay for them. This boosts the citizens moral.
- China expands its colonies. Following the Ottomans lead, the Emperor makes education mandatory for children age 6 to 18, with aid if needed. This boosts the empires moral also.
- France continues to expand its colony in Australia.
- Russia continues to expand its colony on Greenland.
- The ridiculously generous donations given to Milan by the Ottomans and Austria are not put to waste. With the assistance of the Ottoman scholars the library at the University of Pavia is heavily renovated and expanded upon with the help of Milanese funds. The renovation and expansion of the New Pavia Library should be complete by next year, and rumoured to hold thousands of books from across the world. Fueled by his experiences in Koltuk, Friar Lawrence di Verona establishes St. Benedict's School in the city of Milan in order to educate the poorer lower class children. Francesco II fully endorses this venture, promoting the idea of public education throughout the duchy, and soon five more schools are established throughout Milan. Milan also begins using the money given to them by Austria on the construction of a network of roads connecting the two cities Milan and Pavia to the surrounding countryside. The city begins to take over as the center of Milanese life, rather than the feudal manor that had characterized the last couple of centuries. The Duke of Milan also writes to the Holy Roman Emperor, as well as sending a good portion of the Ottoman gold, asking whether they would be interested in the sale of the counties and principalities that surround the Duchy of Milan.
- The Irish amp up their military, both defensive and offensive. By now, an attack on the Irish would almost instantly fail while an Irish offense would be nearly unstoppable. They begin to cut off Mamluk trade routes in response to terror threats. Meanwhile, hundreds of Lutheran Missionaries are killed to mock the terrorist nations of the Lutherans. They urge the English, Ottomans, Japanese, Chinese, Russians, HRE, Papal States, and the Hapsburg Empire to aid them, should another Lutheran attack on Europe arise.
- I'm having a bit of a problem with you, Crimson. In the first place, calling Lutherans terrorists has no sense since we haven't done terrorist acts. In the second, it's you who is trying to attack the Lutherans, not the Lutherans trying to attack you. And, as I have asked you before, stop killing or taking everyone you don't like. It's getting boring.
- To tack on to Fede's statement, you have to tell it like it is. Don't just write propaganda and and stuff unless you are giving a exerpt from an actual document, in which case put it in quotes and give a bit of backround on it.
- The Japanese offer help to the Irish. The military is expanded.
- Both Florentine governments declare that they will not agree to the English proposition into Florentine West Africa, and risk with breaking the alliance between the English and them if they don't give it back. To give a stronger weigh to the menace, the two Florentine governments agree to a ceasefire in the Civil War. Florence is re-constructed into a diarchy, and now there are two kings and two legislative courts. Florence becomes the first constitutional diarchy since ancient Sparta. All the troops that before were fighting in between themselves move to the borders with the Irish and English borders. A few armies are sent toward Florentine West Africa, retaking most of its territory toward the end of the year. Military is amped up and education is modeled after Ottoman and Chinese values.
- The Mamluk Sultan Barbarossa sends a letter to the Irish saying this: " My people have not made terror threats to yours, so I don't know what you are talking about"
- Calvinism slowly spreads through the merchant class of Scotland and jumps the Pond; setting up small congregations in Borealia and Scottish South America. Small groups move into Florentine America as well; mainly in the Pampas and Patagonia.
- The Ottomans expand their colonies. They offer to send some scholars to the florentines in exchange for some land.
- China expands its colonies.
- The English agree to give back Florentine West Africa. They are glad that their plan suceeded, as the Civil War is over for now, and the new governemnt isn't dominated by Lutherans. They say that they will only support the Irish in a defensive war against the Lutherans. This doesn't stop them rom persecuting their own Lutherans however. their long neglected West African colony is expanded.
- The Hapsburgs reject the Irish call, saying that it is every nations right to decide what their religion is. They declare that the Irish have been totally overreacting, and their assassinations of religious individuals on foreign soil is a violtion of national sovereignty. The Baffin Island colony is expanded
- The colony on Greenland increases in size, as Calvinists move to the Duchy of New Orkney. The military of Scotland is amped up, and the government urges Ireland to back down on its threats, lest it unleash terrible war on all the Christian world. A Scottish theologian from Aberdeen proposes combining Lutheran and Calvinist ideas within the Church of Scotland. This idea becomes known as Caledonic Christianity.
- Ireland expands in Africa and improves education. Anyone 6-18 must go to school.
- The Mamluks expand their Australian colony. they adopt the Ottoman law that children must go to school until they are 18. Sultan Barbarossa offers Milan's leader on a tour on their capital city of New-Cairo. They also send 15,000,000 florins to them as a gift in exchange for an alliance. He also gives Milan a giraffe, a creature they had never seen before, as a gift.
- After a long period of no expansion, where Scotland has fallen behind other nations, Theseus re-institutes the Colonial Company who rapaciously seize land of Baffin Island and New Orkney, as well as expanding Scottish Australia and Scottish West Africa.
- The Ottomans Expand their colonies. They offer an alliance to the Milan. "Together we can give the world an example of a god society were people aren't persecuted by their religion, whether it be Muslim, Christian, Jewish or any other faith." Sultan Suleimon I. The Empire declares Neutrality in the Scottish/Irish/Florentine conflict.
- China expands its colonies.
- Due to the compromise between the two religions, the Florentine scholars start teaching secularly, the first in the world. Florence also realizes that many colonies are only sparsely populated and starts a population program throughout Florence: Not only are people encouraged to immigrate to Florence, but bonuses are given to people that have more than two children. This also causes a population boom, especially between Florentines of European race, but also between indigenous peoples of the Florentine colonies. The military is amped up and sent to the many borders. Florentines also find the islands of Hawaii, and, noticing the fertile volcanic soil, plus the strategic location between Europe and Asia, claim it for Florence.
- Hawaii was already claimed by Japan some time ago. It was not reflected in any maps. Look at the last archive.
- The English keep up their killings of Lutherans in their territory. They urge the Irish to not be stupid, and let the Lutherans attack first, if they are going to. They expand their colonies in West Africa.
- The Hapsburgs urge every nation just to calm down, and peacefully talk things out. They have no wish for war, as the religious conflict could destroy the current system of alliances or lead to a World War. They decide to temporarily stop expanding, to clamp down on troublesome natives, and to prioritize on where to go next.
- The King of France declares a system of religious equality in France and its colonies as a result of the current religious situation in Europe. The king also sends a letter to the Pope, saying "maybe the possible way to solve the current situation may be a treaty, or a holy congress of the European nations."
- Russia continues to expand its colony on the Canadian islands.
- Poland-Lithuania demands for an more independent stance and that Southern Poland be returned. Riots begin throughout the Commonwealth, marking the first Anti-Austrian demonstrations since the last war.
- The Hapsburgs agree to return Southern Poland to the Commonwealth. They urge people to not resort to violence, and after a period of negotiation, agree to grant Poland-Lithuania full independence in return for an alliance. Hapsburg troops begin evacuating the region that will be turned over.
- The Pope re-emphasizes the Papal decree it is now the right of every nation in Europe to accept one faith as their own state religion, and that he will allow them to do so if their people really choose an official heresy, such as Calvinism and Lutheranism. He does not wish to provoke violence in Europe. Meanwhile, the Pope orders the Milanese to stop bargaining for the purchase of the Holy Roman Empire's land. He states that the kingdoms and people of Germany are not to be sold like goods on a common market, especially if only for gold. Papal troops are withdrawn from Florence after several years of action, and the Pope, cutting down on maintenance and administration costs for overseas territories, dissolves the Latin Empire of Thrace, giving it to the Hapsburgs for their continued loyalty to their Church.
- Ireland improves its interior. Steam power is discovered by scientists. It is kept top secret and it is virtually impossible for spies to find the results. However, the Irish have yet to find a practical way to create lots of steam at a little time. They establish a colony in West Africa.
- Japan expands in Australia.
- The Commonwealth reunites Wallachia with Moldovia to create the Kingdom of Romania and also place a Lithuanian nobleman as their king. It also begins to increase its trade with nearby nations while also announcing a reduced tariff on goods that leave and/or enter through their ports while also improving its navy. It also begins to join the Hapsburgs in protesting against the Irish continuing assault on other religions that differ from their own. In order to stop all anti-religious attacks on home and foreign territory, the Commonwealth proposes (to all nations) a Religious-acceptence pact that bans all anti-religion groups and also puts the responsibility of protecting those religions into the hands of the government.
- Florence decides to counter the new Irish settling of a colony by uniting the West African kingdoms into the Kingdom of Mali, with Leele Fuli Fak of the animist Wolof Empire as king. Florence also improves its military and intelligence. It also improves scientific advances and infrastructure development in all of the Florentine Empire. Florence also agrees to sign the religious acceptance pact. They also continue searching for islands in the Pacific to form military and exploring bases. Soon, the atolls of Tuvalu, Kiribati and Vanuatu are found and settled, and named "Lorenzin Isles". Pacific customs, however are respected. The colonies on Hawaii also expand. Finally, population in the Florentine colonies rises in a great level: Most of the regions also have a high level of multiculturalism and religious expansion, due to the many policies of religious tolerance.
- The Mamluks send troops to their borders, fearing invasion from hostile countries. They offer Florence an alliance against the Irish.
- Florence agrees as long as war is not outright declared, but rather to wait to see if the Irish declare war.
The Pope said no alliances with Muslim nations. Also, the Mamluks are in this for land. the Irish will accept the religious acceptance act if it will restore peace to Europe. however, i want all Lutheran misionaries out of my empire for ever. If the mamluks declare war on me, or if the florentines declare war on me, i will continue to persecute people.
- The Commonwealth ask that the Malmulks join the Religious-Acceptence pact in order for them (the Commonwealth) to help support them. (it is not a formal alliance, but a treaty that helps protect abused religions across the globe and on home soil)
- The Mamluks agree to to join the Religous-Acceptence pact. Ahmerrad expands more in Australia.
- The Ottomans prepare for any conflict that come its way. Ottoman Scientists discover steam power as well. The Sultan asks the Commonwealth to join the Religous-Acceptence Pact, for we believe in religious tolerance. We have Muslims, Christians, Jews and various other religions in our empire and they are all allowed to practice it without fear of persecution.
- China expands its colonies. The emperor also asks to join the Religous-Acceptance Pact.
- Ireland reluctantly offers to joins the Religious-Acceptence Pact, as long all Lutheran Missionaries can stay out for five years Though some players might feel the need to send Lutheran Missionaries down my throat. However, they do not appreciate the Mamluks and Florentines plotting a war against them. The Irish amp up their already incredibly strong military, in case that the Florentine or Mamluks declare war. Meanwhile, it is discovered that coal is the key to steam power. Though it will take a while to catch on (people just didn't believe it for a while), the Industrial Era (a very long period in time in which nations used steam power) has just begun. The Irish share this knowledge with the rest of the Catholic nations. Meanwhile, the Irish request an Alliance with England.
- Japan expands in Australia.
- Scotland joins the Religious Acceptance Pact. All men who are priests of any religion are banned from attaining political office, and the mercantile classes are given a vote, turning the Scottish Republic from an aristocratic republic into a mercantile republic. The colony in Australia expands, but only slightly, an the new government is unwilling to penetrate the desert interior. The colonies in Greenland and the northern Canadian islands are also expanded.
- King Henry VIII breaks with the Catholic Church in order to divorce his wife. To supplement the Catholics, he founds the Church of England, with himself as the head. He then divorces his wife. He approves the alliance with Ireland. The colony in Australia expands, and parts of the English navy are recalled to Europe.
- The Hapsburgs ask to join the Religious-Acceptance Pact. They take over administrative duties from Thrace, and expand their colony on Baffin Island northward.
- The Commonwealth declares the Religious-Acceptance Pact an open alliance, meaning any nation may join it, no matter what culture, religion, etc. That means no one has to ask to join the pact.
- The Ottomans join the Religious-Acceptance Pact. They Expand their colonies. The ottomans find coal in their territories, leading to the steam machines to gain use.
- China joins the Religious-Acceptance Pact. They expand their colonies.
- France continues to expand its Australian colony. They join the Religious-Acceptance Pact
- Russia expands its colony on the north Canadian islands. They also join the Religious-Acceptance Pact.
- The Florentines discover coal and the steam-coal relationship. They also take over the final Italian relationships over the new
- Scotland occupies the last section of Baffin Island, then settles down into improving agriculture, social and political issues, and organising the Empire.
- Ireland, tired of all the heresy and the people trying to end Ireland's glorious revolution, urges the Pope to just change the bible to everyday language. Meanwhile, they plead one last time that nations come back to the church and the Pope might be able to solve some things. They just want to make it clear, however, that the Pope is not power-hungry at all. He is God's representative and should be treated with respect. Also, the Industrial Revolution continues to make progress. Ireland finds diamonds and begins mining them. The African colony is expanded exponentially. The Irish seek peace with all nations they may have angered, especially Florence and the Mamluks. Though the Irish may be angry at the Mamluks and Florentines for wishing to rip the empire apart, they are sure that, in time, they can settle their differences.
The Irish and the Florentines have never really gotten along very well. The Irish wish to make amends and ask Florence (and the rest of the world that they may or may not have angered) what the Irish can do to prove again that they are worthy of trade, alliances, and other means of worldwide peace. They promise, however, that a trade route with the African colonies and nations would be invaluable to the Scottish, English, French, Mamluk, and Florentine colonies.
- The Pope states it is every nation's own decision to adopt the Religious Acceptance Pact, and not something he will endorse or outlaw. However, he refuses to recognize the pact in the Papal States and all overseas Papal territories. The Pope also manipulates the Holy Roman emperor into doing the same and tells the Irish that they need not join the RAP simply because other nations do so. He firmly believes it is an attempt to meddle with the laws of respective nations and urges the people of Europe to make their own decisions about religion, instead of joining such a pact. Angered at King Henry of the United Kingdom, the Papacy excommunicates him and advises Ireland, as a true Catholic nation, to break off their alliance with Henry, who has so openly disgraced his nation and his Church.
Excuse me for complaining, but when the heck is the current Holy Roman Emperor going to die? He's already outlived one of my monarchs.
- In the Commonwealth, announcments that the pact has been edited, so that in any case the government has the right to protect religions under seige, but also agrees that the Pope is right and that every man and woman has the right to choose their own religion. Meanwhile, tensions begin to grow as Lithuania begins to argue that the Polish have over the years taken most of its authority and that recently it has begun to persecute the Martinist, which was at the time a popular religion continuing to grow. On April 12th, The New Republic of Lithuania is formed and it secedes from the Commonwealth; It makes Martinism as their main religion and declines trade with any nation. This leads to the almost complete stop of the Resource trade; it was a major economy booster and it was the exporting of resources such as coal and metals. At least 60% of the resources were from Lithuania and could no longer be sold due to the secession. The Commonwealth asks for support against the new nation and that it be brought back into the Commonwealth.
- The Ottomans expand their colonies. The Sultan offers the commonwealth help with their problem, for the little bit of land on the golden horn. In order to celebrate the religious-acceptance pact, the sultan orders a multi religion center to be built in Koltuk. It has a holy man and section designated to every religion in the world.
- China expands its colonies.
- Florence realizes that Florence city is getting too small for administrative duties; But instead of founding a new city, they start expanding Florence. In order to avoid confusion with the empire and the city, the city is renamed Firenze, which was the original name for the city in Italian anyway. Proyects of building a great palace complex, universities, religious centers and other things. A Great Arno project is also started, in which a large lake in the southern edge of the city is built to act as a natural port. Florence also decides that the piece of metal gotten as a war trophy for Mecca is useless, and together with more silver, is reformed into a bust of Lorenzo II de' Medici (last monarch of Florence). The bust is placed in a pedestal in the middle of the stairs used to enter the Santa Maria dei Fiore cathedral, which is getting many reforms (as is all of Florence).
- Japan expands in Australia.
- France expands its colonial empire by establishing a large colony all along the southern Australian coast, occupying most of the south.
- Russia continues to expand its colonial holdings on the northern Canadian islands.
- The Irish expand in Africa. The Industrial Revolution continues to pick up. The propose that all Catholic Nations ally themselves with each other.
- Japan expands in Australia.
- The Hapsburgs expand their Moroccan colony.They do not voice support for either side in the Polish-Lithuanian Civil War, as they figure it would cause more problems in that region for them. They do however, agree to sell weapons to both sides.
- The English expannd their Southern Australia colony. They dare to Papal States to do their worst, as the Papal States talk about religious tolerance, but when the King decided that Catholicism was not right for his people, the Papal States pretty much freaked out.
- The Ottomans expand their colonies. They offer the mamluks steam techology and a supply of coal, in exchange for their territory in southeast asia.
- China expands its colonies.
- Scotland inaugurates a national education system. Jarl Theseus makes a proclamation, declaring that Scotland is a nation, one and indivisible. In practice, this dis-establishes the old dominions and makes all Scottish colonies as Scottish as the Highlands. The Grand Moot (Scottish Parliament) offers tax breaks to all who have more than two children. This is an imitation of Florence, and it is hoped to have the same effect. The republic is reorganised. For the government based in Aberdeen, representatives are elected from each constituency, to form the Grand Moot. Then there are provinces, ruled by a governor elected by the people.
- The Poland-Lithuania War of Religion continues with neither side gaining a foothold, although the most of the Commonwealth's navy was within the Polish forest, giving them the advantage at sea.
- The Mamluks accept the Ottoman offer. They expand farther west into Africa.
- The Florentines continue expanding Florence and the infrastructure, education and health of the Florentine Empire. An education system is established and several hospitals improve the already high cleanliness of Florentine cities, and sicknesses drop.