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1480 to 1489 (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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Archive Eight:
1470 - 1479
Archive Nine:
1480 - 1489
Archive Ten:
1490 - 1499

This page is an archive for the Principia Moderni III map game, from 1480 to 1489.

1480

Balthasar the Vespertilio, after seeing the effects of crime first hand in the city of Vienna, decides to adopt his moniker of ‘Batman’ as the name of an alter ego. For the next few months Batman operates in the shadows of the city, dueling with hooligans and infiltrating crime rings. Fully costumed, Batman organizes a private company of soldiers to aid him, known as the Knights of the Gentian.

Is this seriously a thing????

The MAYANS want in!

I sense that Bat-Crim is behind this ...

Surprisingly, it seems like he's not. 

The Buganda Kingdom forms in the north of Lake Victoria, resisting Bunyoro influence in the area. The two begin to be poised against each other, leading to growing centralisation and competition between the two.

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers continue to explore the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, shipwrights start to fuse and modify aspects of ships that are known to operate around the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, in order to develop larger ocean-going ships.
  • Hamburg-Mecklenburg: With no response from Prussia, only increased escalation, Hamburg-Mecklenburg declares war on Prussia, its former ally. Duke Friedrich mobilizes his forces, and dons his armor for war for the first time since rising to the ducal throne. The Hamburgian Army quickly makes up for the Westphalian Revolt. Following the repel of Prussian forces from friendly territory, Hamburg's new tactics carry the day at the battle of Demmin. The victory would lead to a route, and with Bavaria entering the war, Prussia comes to the negotiation table by year's end.
  • The Prussians and their vassals continue to fight the Hessian alliance.
  • Guaymi:  The Emperor continues his push north by annexing and expanding the nation another 2 px north while building roads linking the new land with the original nation, 8 px north total in past four years. The army continues to train and develop as the mining industry - as well as the entire economy - holds steady gains. The population has risen to around 25,000 and continues to grow steadily. Infrastructure and housing are built up and developed in the three main cities around the nation as their immigration populations from farmland to city begin to grow. The Emperor foresees the year 1487 to be the year to begin establishing a small outpost with a quarter of his army and a fifth of his citizens holding the land down for future years.
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Grand Duchess Eleanor and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1480 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1480, Eleanor commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The market center in Landshut continues to attract Bavarian and Venetian traders. In religious news, around 75% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Eleanor ends her predecessor's policies of advancing Sedevanticism in the government. As the new Grand Duchess, Eleanor continues to vet and interrogate most of the powerful nobles of Bavaria. To work more efficiently, she appoints Vallerio Volpe as her spymaster. By the end of the year, Eleanor hosts a more developed middle class in Trausnitz than her numerous predecessors had. This earns her the sobriquet "The Middling Queen" to flavor the already popular "Merchant Queen" title. In other news, Eleanor continues to develop her cousin's seemingly successful administrative policies. In plague news, the affliction has more or less disappeared from Bavaria. Sporadic cases can still be found, but no large amount of deaths occur this year. Court physicians continue to bathe in religious ceremonies, hoping to appease God and remove the plague from the country. In national news, the common courts continue to be implemented around Bavaria as several of the lower class make use it of. The serf laws begin to be used as well. While not extremely active, as many as two dozen serfs earn their freedom by the end of the year. In diplomatic news, seeing as all of her allies have declared war against Prussia, Eleanor does the same, sending her troops to the northern borders after a declaration of war is made against Prussia.
    • Munchen: By 1480, the total class of Queen Isabell University amounts to about 3490 men. Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In recent news, unemployment begins to crawl upward after the suspension of the Roscol Bank in Landshut. The city walls are guarded and renovated due to the plague. By year's end, the plague has more or less retreated from this area. Munchen declares war on Prussia.
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. The city walls are guarded and renovated due to the plague. By year's end, the plague has more or less retreated from this area. Straubing declares war on Prussia.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. The city walls are guarded and renovated due to the plague. By year's end, the plague has more or less retreated from this area. Ingolstadt declares war on Prussia.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The city walls are guarded and renovated due to the plague. By year's end, the plague has more or less retreated from this area. Burgau declares war on Prussia.
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. The city walls are guarded and renovated due to the plague. By year's end, the plague has more or less retreated from this area. Nurnburg declares war on Prussia.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. The city walls are guarded and renovated due to the plague. By year's end, the plague has more or less retreated from this area. Burggrafschaft declares war on Prussia.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. The city walls are guarded and renovated due to the plague. By year's end, the plague has more or less retreated from this area. Bamberg declares war on Prussia.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. The city walls are guarded and renovated due to the plague. By year's end, the plague has more or less retreated from this area. The clergy of Wurzburg find small solace as the Grand Duchess is the somewhat temperate, analytical Eleanor. Wurzburg declares war on Prussia.
  • Hesse: We thank our allies for coming to our aid, and are surprised Trier has helped us. We ask Trier for an alliance, and we also send a note, asking for forgiveness of our hostility toward them in the past. Our armies march with our allies' armies, coming into Prussia waving the Hessian flag. Grand Duke Wilhelm I officially commissions the Grand Duke's Body Guard. He also commissions some musicians to write a musical score celebrating the German victory against Prussia.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The disease continues killing many. The king attempts to avoid such an event but it fails only spreading it harder in regions of Basel, Lorraine and Burgundy - as well as in Sardinia where it kills hundreds without any seeming cause. The death toll reaches a half million since the start and many corpses accumulate throughout the domains, impelling the need for a better way to avoid the kingdom and bringing many to doubt the king's might on the French monarchic lands. This is even more acute in regions like Sardinia far from the central government. la marche vassalage begins. The vassalage of Limoges finished last turn, While this, Nevers vassalage begins as well.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up. Economy expands. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Albret: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Nemour: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Guyenne: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. Some begin to question the king of France's choices and begin wondering about establishing their own state.
    • Basel: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Aargau: Military and economy are built up. The French presence begins to felt. However, the attempts to establish a pro-Germanic government in order to avoid eventual uprisings, internal vassalization begins as well to fully convince German leadership.
    • Foix: Military and economy are built up.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. The native population drops to 450,000 (from around 750,000 in the region) due mostly to the plague and the war. French nobles begin to arrive due to the relative power void. While this, navy of the French begin docking in Tunis, soon renamed Carthage.
  • Alexandria: Trade continues to increase as the ports are re-established and more people are converted to Coptic Christianity due to the See of Saint Mark's presence, including those of the True Faith, the Christian region of Alexandria is nowhere near as harmed as the Islamic region by the plague (due to better living conditions), leaving many Muslims to reconsider their faith. Resources are sent to Aiguptia to maintain and protect the canal as that process continues and workers are encouraged to go seek out this opportunity. The economy is no longer threatened by stagnation due to the plague and begins to pick up as the plague dies off. Christians in North African nations are invited to immigrate to Alexandria . Missionaries and dignitaries remain in the Nubia region hoping to convert and influence some of the Nile cities (Turn Nine). The land acquired from Yemen by the Red Sea continues to see a port town established for sailors and merchants to rest before going into the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean, there is a medium increase in population as more people look to get into the trade business. Officials finally catch up to immigration but do not anticipate the amount of immigrants for this year as well. In the province of Judea soldiers are to protect both Christian, Islamic and Jewish pilgrimages. Taxes are not like those in Alexandria where they favor Christians, but rather equal for all three of these religions. Small amounts of conversions take place mainly converting Christians and Muslims to Coptic Christianity. The region of Egypt completes consolidation into the kingdom and divided into provinces. Despite this consolidation a small number of revolts take place in the province of Thebes (South Nile Valley) by Muslims. Alexandria sends in troops to the south to calm the revolt. Missionaries are also sent in to do some potentially forceful conversions. Katrina asks husband Ferdinand for help in dealing with the issues, specifically asking for Carlos's help  Alexandria works extensively on its navy as it wishes to further explore the deepest reaches of the Great Eastern Sea (OTL Indian Ocean). Mil Turn.
    • Aiguptia: Continues to stabilize the nation. Engineers, cartographers and philosophers from all trade partners are offered jobs to work on expanding the Philadelphi Canal to take on present day cogs, treasure fleets and other ships. At many points ships can pass freely using two separate canals or wide manmade lakes. However, there are still flows to be worked out, and portions to be widened. Workers flow in seeking work and benefits that stream from the jobs, even those from disorganized areas of the former Mashriq Sultanate and the new Sultanate in Egypt, especially since some are trying to escape the plague, but this migration slows down considerable toward the end of the year. Aiguptia increases efforts to house these immigrant workers and assist them in finding jobs for after the canal is complete. Citizens and people in the surrounding regions and province are converted to Coptic Christianity. Missionaries continue to convert people, especially in Cairo. Cairo also attracts many in anticipation of the canal. The city at the crossing point of the canal OTL Zagazig, begins to be filled by merchants and people looking to get involved in the trade industry, but becomes known for poorer living conditions and being put at risk for the plague. Military learns as they progress in the war. Missionaries and organizers are sent to Nubia region to assist in building a kingdom there. Aiguptia expands its infantry. Inf Turn. 
  • In Sanafah, the population continues to turn toward Christianity and Latinized Malagasy, largely as a result of the new Chief, Andry. Fighting between Andry and Bakr III continues to be resolved by the Council of Elders, but Bakr III notes that they are mostly Christian. The Christianization of the island is extremely pervasive. Population, trade and standard of living all continue to increase rapidly as new technologies are introduced. Work on a caravel in Mahjanga continues. Sakalava is planning to be united with Sanafah proper in the creation of the Empire of Sakalava, planned for about 1485. The Comoros, now in Personal Union, continue to struggle between Christian and Muslim factions and indentities. With the hostilities on the Mainland, emphasis continues to be cultural. Betsileo also continues to experience Christian conversions. Military turn.
    • Sofala: Continues to experience widespread Latinization and conversion to the Christianity brought by the constant flow of Spanish ships. Toamisina also experiences frequent conversions to Christianity.
    • We request normalized and official relations with Castile.
    • Castilian Dip: We agree to this
  • Mayan Empire: Military weapons are made at a very good rate, and the troops are well trained.
  • China: Continues integrating the annexed lands of Inner Mongolia and the process of taming the horse lords of the north. To the south, relations with the Tran Dynasty in Vietnam are improved while Lao Xing and the Khmer Empire expand their economies. China begins asserting pressure on the remaining Taiwanese states to join Tainan in a unifed nation. Tainan expands into the mountains of Taiwan encountering stiff resistance. The Haixi and Mongols develop their infrastructure while Korea works on its economy. The Chinese lands in Japan work on integration and stability whilst China itself develops its shipyards with naval engineers planning to build ships that are smaller and more maneuverable.
    • Fusahito Dip: The Emperor opposes any further Chinese involvement in Japan.
    • Southern Chagatai Khanate's Diplomacy: A trade pact is offered.
  • Venetian Republic:
    • Books on various topics spread from Venice throughout Europe, continuing the Renaissance. Printed in the Venetian language, they teach of the sciences and humanities and revive learning, spreading knowledge (as well as the language) far and wide..
    • With the increased supply of Ducats, the fluidity of European trade increases with Ducat using nations benefiting most.
    • Many people sentenced to death are drowned in the canals as is the Venetian tradition. The tradition is becoming the primary way to execute criminals and is spreading to the Venetian territories across Europe.
    • Fine wool and silk clothing from Titani is exported across the Mediterranean and Black Sea and begins to set the trend in Renaissance clothing.
    • Venetian trade reaches across the known world. Merchant ships carry salt, silks, glass and a collection of other goods, both common and rare. Venetian traders are the largest carriers of trade in Europe, with the thousands of ships and a trading tradition continuing to fuel this.
    • The Roscol Bank uses local subsidiaries all across Europe to fund trade, with a leaning toward funding trade with Venice. They also fund enterprises across the continent, boosting the economies of the nations which they inhabit. The Roscol Bank invests conservatively. While this doesn't bring in as much wealth as other nations' banking, such as the Dutch, it results in a much more robust level of equity.
    • Due to the stability of business and protection afforded to private enterprise in Venice, many merchants set up shop in the city despite being foreign, utilising the Venetian law to protect their businesses. Criminals and a less divided merchant class mean prosperity for all those involved with Venetian business in some way.
    • In Veneto Christofo sends letters across Europe to see if there are any eligible grooms and brides for the various Roscol children (GET YOUR ROYAL MARRIAGE HERE!) before they reach the age of 20: Giovanni (second son of the Doge's younger brother and a timid but clever boy) who is 16. Dragano marries a member of the De Agyrokastro branch of the Roscol family, as Christofo is trying to limit the amount of cadet branches of the Roscol family that exist. In January, the Doge declares war on Milan and the 52,500 men of the combined Venetian forces march into Padua, crush the forces there and seize the city with various siege weapons that were built in the year before and then march on Milan with said weapons. The Doge announces that they fight to re-establish hegemony over Padua, a rightful part of Venice and to right the wrongs of the past that Milan has done against Venice specifically those that were slights against the prestige of the Republic. The Doge calls all their allies in that can assist to do so, specifically he calls Castile and Hungary. Meanwhile, the Venetian fleet attacks the small Milanese coast and captures the ports there. (reaction to players). Furthermore, the Doge offers to help other nations in their printing industries (GET YOUR PRINTING INDUSTRY HERE!) via Venessian Stanpar by establishing large printing workshops in their capitals with help from experienced Venetian workers, largely to continue trying to counteract the attempts from Pskov to break Venetian influence in the north and east. Venetian and Ottoman envoys discuss various issues in private about the future of Ottoman-Venetian relations. The Doge also sends supplies to Hesse and Bavaria who are fighting the Prussians in the north, who have attacked Hesse on the basis of an apparent slight from an envoy. The Doge wishes them all the best luck and would like to talk to advise on how a defeated Prussia should be dealt with.
    • In the Free Port of Porto Tolle the military grows.
    • In the Province of Istra the military grows.
    • In the Free Port of Scutari the military grows.
    • In the Province of Albania the military grows.
    • In the Province of Zante the military grows.
    • In the Free Port of Argos the military grows.
    • In the Province of Attica the military grows.
    • In the Province of Mytilene the military grows.
    • In the Province of Candelore the military grows.
    • In the Province of Morocco the military grows.
    • War-turn
  • Epirote Republic:
    • In Epirus the economy grows. The Doge declares war on Milan, and along with their forces already there sends a small fleet to assist the Venetian fleet in capturing the Milanese coast.
    • In the Free Ports of Epirus the economy grows.
    • In the Province of Valona the economy grows.
    • In the Province of Arta the economy grows.
    • War-turn
  • Venetian Empire:
    • In the Province of Aegina the economy grows. Eco-turn
    • In the Free Port of Athens the economy grows. Eco-turn
    • In the Province of Candia the military grows. The Conte of Candia declares war on Milan. War-turn
    • In the Corfiot Protectorate the military grows. Mil-turn
    • In the Province of Kaffa the military grows. The Conte of Kaffa declares war on Milan. War-turn
    • In the Naxian Protectorate the economy grows. Eco-turn
    • In the Province of Negroponte the military grows. Mil-turn
    • In the Free Port of Ragusa the economy grows. Eco-turn
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite does its job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. We continue to help finance the Plutocratic State of Jaunpur, Delhi Sultanate and Bahamani Sultanate by sending gifts directly to the nobles/sultans, offering loans from powerful trade bankers, and decreasing the trade taxes over all of Bengal, allowing more of our merchant goods to travel into those states. We also raise a portion of the Sultan's personal levy and then divide it out to be sent to the states leaders, so that they can do with them what they wish in order to maintain order in their nation. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase is scholars and literacy in our nation. Due to the removal of trade barriers between a majority of states in the Indian League, their merchants and ours begin to travel with increased mobility and goods, thereby increasing the trade income and output in the agreeing nations. With the plague being considered a far less threat now than it previously was, restrictions on trade and laws on inheritance/assests are changed to pre-plague laws. Due to the return to a high volume of trade after managing to work with a far smaller volume during the plague, investments by landed elites into expansion of their plantations, mines, and levies increase exponentially.
    • Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslim settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom passes away and his son inherits the Kingdom from his father.
      • Bengali Diplomacy: After making contact with the Castilians that have journeyed far to India and Bengal, Sultan-i-Salasi II orders a large gift (as Bengal has sent to numerous other nations) to be sent to the newly arrived peoples, consisting of giraffes, ivory, sugarcane, silver, cotton, and silk. 
      • Castile Dip: We are thankful for the gifts and request that traders be allowed to set up a trading company in Bengal due to its friendly overtures.
      • Bengali Diplomacy: The Sultan allows the trading company and offers to help finance it due to rumors of how far away Castile truly is from Bengal.
  • Ethiopia: We build up our military and navy. The navy builds more ships for trade. Many churches are still continuing to be built. We use the Nile river to trade with our allies Alexandria. Agriculture is our biggest industry in the country besides trade. We expand our nation's borders 15 px south. The wall and outposts around the capital city are still in the process of being built. The 21 men who when on the expedition are still exploring Central Africa.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The economy is expanded as more galleys are constructed to protect trade routes. Scandinavia declares neutrality in the conflict between Prussia and Hamburg.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Doge queries whether Scandinavia will send support to the Venetians in the south who are warring against Milan to restore Venetian hegemony over Padua and to right the wrongs of the past.
  • Mughal Empire: Emperor-Khan Mirza, after a heavy linguistic reformations declares Hindu the official language of the Mughal Empire. In order to support trade and the spread of language, new roads are worked on. Work on a metalblock printing press is carried on, although it being spread out is not guaranteed as of yet.
  • Southern Chagatai Khanate: The Emperor-Khan's council issues the improvement of the Chagatai military, especially the ranged divisions. Through minor trade with China, information about "advanced" gunpowder-based weaponry spreads. The stability of the personal union increases as the council's debates are held on Hindu, rather than Chagatay Turkic. Nearly all members of the council, which has 20 members, support the idea of uniting the two nations which would ensure prosperity and their own personal gain.
  • Fusahito Theocracy: The  excessive rainfall seen in the Date Province comes to and end. Whilst the Emperor's mobilisation of the army to help deal with the effects of the flooding helped to contain the damage, these is a widespread failure of crops in the region, the biggest grain and rice producing part of the Theocracy. The scarcity of food drives up prices so that the majority of the peasantry can not afford to feed themselves and their families. To cope with this, the Emperor, in his generosity, opens the Imperial warehouses and supplies the worst affected area with grain to ease the suffering. However, this grain is paid out to the feudal lords rather than the peasantry, meant for redistribution, although a minority of the lords instead sell the grain on at a high profit. Meanwhile, priests from the Imperial Shinto Sect continue to vassalise the Toki state, acting as missionaries to convert the leadership to the belief in the divinity of the Emperor. Turn Three of Six.
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of them. We buy more books from China. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We begin building up our military and create even tougher practices.
  • Yamana: The Shugo of Yamana sends word throughout and beyond the eleven provinces of the Yamana clan that Ronin are wanted. As a result, hundreds of unemployed Samurai flock to Yamana, where they are offered shelter and food in return for their loyalty. The army of Yamana is almost doubled by these new additions. Meanwhile, work commences on a naval fleet, composed of swift wooden longboats, which can each carry a war party of thirty armoured men. The Shugo begins to start breeding war horses, to form a mounted cavalry for his ranks. He orders his men to recruit local residents as foot soldiers, sailors and archers. He also increases the fortifications in his lands. He sends a convoy of gifts to the Emperor.
    • ​Fusahito Dip: The Emperor thanks the Shugo for his gifts and extends a hand of friendship.
  • Centurion (talk): I mean no offence to Fusahito theocracy - this is merely a question as I am new to this map game. How is a non-existent Japanese clan in charge of all of Japan? I know there is a civil war but what happened and what is the situation now?
    • ​First, the Emperor is only the figurehead of most of Japan, only in control of the theocracy (coloured green). That used to be the Ashikaga Shogunate, but the Shogun was really repressive, leading to a rebellion where the Emperor was invited to take over. Second, Fusahito comes from the Emperor's personal name, as they weren't part of a clan. Hope this clears things up. Ozymandias2 (talk) 17:31, April 22, 2014 (UTC)

Centurion (talk): Thanks very much. I am assuming that since Yamana isn't in the green area of Japan we are not under your jurisdiction?

Ozymandias2 (talk) 18:30, April 22, 2014 (UTC): Yeah, that's right.
  • The Kingdoms of Great Albion (Scotland and England) - member nation of the UKGA: The Navy is expanded further with the integration of the Scottish and Breton fleets. The number now stands at 440 ships total. Port Edmundburg continues to experience a growth in population. Albionic settlers continue to explore the surrounding areas. The Albionic Royal Navy begins better mapping Africa for the Crown. After decades of cultural merging, a new, Celto-Germanic culture finally begins to take firmer root. The English language has grown in official use and now royal documents, previously in Latin, are now translated into English. Troops that fought in the Pan-Hispania Wars return home and facilitate a minor baby boom. These experienced soldiers now train the army and navy commanders in advanced battle tactics. All ships passing through the channel are monitored for any signs of infection. The new dialect of English found in Eire has spread to Wales and Scotland. English nobles begin to enjoy the Celtic myths of Eire and Scotland. Port Edmundburg is declared a crown colony (OTL Sierra Leone) after decades as a profitable trade outpost. Expansion is planned next year to accommodate the growing population.
    • Brittany: Brittany is officially placed under Albionic influence. The military and navy are expanded.
    • Calais: Military and navy are expanded.
    • Dublin: Dublin undergoes another remodel and expansion to the ports due to the massive influx of trade from Castile and Venice as well as an increased Eire trade.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. Pan Albion sentiments grow, Trade increases.
    • Wales: Wales expands its military and navy. Cardiff becomes a large centre of trade for Wales. The Welsh appoint Adam Cyrdger as Royal Minister. The first sessions of parliament are held. Wales does not see as large a population boom as Albion or Scotland, but a minor one, centered around Cardiff and Swansea, does occur.
  • Eire: Eire, having built up trade and infrastructure across the nation for years is in the process of becoming a modern European nation. Clans still remain. However, much of the new growth of the nation is in the new trade ports on the coast, settled by the Norse, or the towns at the hubs of the new roads. Indeed, many of the small towns from 50 years ago are unrecognizable compared to today. Eire seeks to show its power, and we invite monarchs from across Europe to tour the new nation. The military of Eire continues to be modernized. After years of friendship with Albion, a strange new dialect begins to emerge in coastal trade settlements. As the language divide in Albion has ended, and English becomes the tongue of all, traders from England and Eire begin to swap words in the trade settlements on the Irish Sea. The dialect, however, has not seen wide use outside of those settlements. We find that keeping the Southern Europeans away from our ports, who often carry diseases, helps us prevent the spread of the strange new plague. Our vessels continue to explore and trade with our northern neighbors, however, such as Scandinavia and some of the German states that are not affected. We allow Roman Catholic churches to spring up again, after the reunification of the churches, and many reactionary Eire-folk take advantage of it, having practiced their services in secret. Tales of Celtic myths continue to become popular amongst the nobles, and old aspects of pre-Norman Hiberno-Roman culture begin to be rediscovered. Copy for Bfox.
  • Chiribaya: We increase trade with the other nations in the region.
  • Cuzco: Military and economy improve. population hits 140,000. Overcrowding is a massive issue. To deal with this, the king encourages the movement of people from Cuzco to the Wanka and Qullsuyu regions.
    • Wanka: Economy and Infrastructure are built up to deal with the movment of people from Cuzco to the Wankas. Population hits 30,000 due to the movment of people.
    • Qullsuyu: Uprsings continue in the region.
  • Caucasian Confederation: In light of the ongoing lack of authority in the Medestani Sultanate, Mtavari Haig of Assyria (successor to Levon, his deceased father) organizes a pan-Caucasian guard force to escort trade caravans from Alexsaportu through the lawless lands to the Mansuriyyan border. These patrols - frequently accompanied by spies, and just as frequently assaulted by Kurdish ghazis - provide an ideal testbed for the gunpowder weapons that have gradually made their way into the Caucasian armies, enhancing the power of the Caucasian states' militaries. On the Persian Gulf, Alexsaportu continues to prosper as the introduction of Indian spices triggers a wave of immigration and innovation; the burgeoning city rapidly outstrips its food and water supplies, and slums begin to spring up around the palace as the city's population swells; ten years remain before the city can support a navy of its own, but a few enterprising captains have begun to map the waters around the city, pressing as far as the Straits of Hormuz before turning back.
    • Caucasian Diplomacy: In dynastic news, Mepe Boris of Georgia makes a marriage proposal to Venice: the King offers the hand of Georgia's Princess Natalie (aged 18, third in line for the Georgian throne) to Venice's Prince Giovanni; the Georgians also offer a renewed trade pact to the Venetians, and ask to open discussions regarding an exchange of naval technology and the potential for a joint eastward expedition. A party of Georgian and Armenian bishops also arrives in Rumania, inquiring about the tenets of the Moralist movement, in order to determine whether they comply with the Orthodox communion.
    • Kingdom of GeorgiaMepe Boris continues integrating Amier-Kavkasia into Georgia, and  the integration of the Principality is expected to take ten more years. By order of the Mepe himself, the Georgian language is now exclusively taught in the church-sponsored schools of the Avars, Didites, and Ossetians, superseding the tribal dialects of these areas. This decision prompts a sharp uptick in unrest among the nobility, who now have ample cause to fear that their nation's autonomy may soon come to an end.
    • Principality of Rani: The gradual, bloody conversion of the Azeris to Orthodoxy continues; of the 292,000 Azeris, some 67,000 (23%) now profess Christianity in some form or another. With the support of Egyptian-backed Coptic missionaries - many of whom are Muslim converts to Christianity - the Azeri conversion campaign makes considerable headway. Of course, many Georgian advisors point out that the "core" of Rani - the palace at Shirvan and the primary economic hub at Baku - still lies in "infidel" hands, and that any "conversion" should involve conquest of these recalcitrant regions ...
  • In Ayutthaya, trade increases. The armies of the kingdoms are finally consolidated into one, with only militias being raised from the individual kingdoms, though the kingdoms themselves are allowed increased autonomy in other regions - such as religion. A second religious conference is held, this time recognizing three religions - Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam, in that order, as based on the percentage of the population as part of those religions. The king, in fact, orders a census of the kingdoms to determine the population owned by each religion - the result comes back: 46% Buddhist, 31% Hindu, and 23% Muslim - mostly Sunni. More ships are built, partially for trade purposes. We sign a trading treaty with the nation of Siak, and increase the military size. Unfortunately, this does negatively affect our relations with the Majapahit, as this treaty allows us to take a large part of their trade. All vassals increase the size of their economies. With the worsening relations with the Majapahit, some call for war ...
  • County of Oldenburg: The military is built up again! A small sloop, almost identical to the one given to Neu Baltrum last year, is completed and manned. It sails to Neu Borkum with the whaling fleet, and is handed over to the Governor of the small colony. The Governor is glad for the tiny ship and the small population increase it brings. The ship's tiny cannon are the perfect size to deter illegal fishermen and to chase away the few pirates who prowl the northern waters. Since Neu Borkum has, for once, taken center stage in this narrative, allow me to paint you a picture of the small colony's current situation. The island of Neu Borkum has only one settlement; Dietrichdorf, which was founded in 1435 as a whaling outpost by the OHG. Dietrichdorf is actually a reasonaly large settlement. Unlike the quite inhospitable Neu Baltrum, Neu Borkum is actually capable of maintaining a population numbering in the 2000s. At the present, however, the permanent population is not much above 120. The town of Dietrichdorf itself is surprisingly metropolitan for such an isolated outpost of civilisation. Most of the buildings are made of stone (wood is scarce in Greenland) and some, such as the Governor's house and the Catholic Church, are quite large - one might almost say grand. Back in Oldenburg, Count Christian VI looks closely at the unfolding events surrounding Prussia.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: Bishop Klemens dies this year, and his successor (chosen by Count Christian VI) takes the episcopal throne. His name is Rudolf, and he is a very distant relative of the Count. Rudolf is a fierce supporter of the nationalisation of the agricultural lands, as well as of the new powers given to priests. He expands the military, especially the secretive Order of the Seraphim, whose number has reached 100.
  • Aleyskan Khaganate: The Alyeskan Khaganate expands its navy, constructing a new, large ship to bolster it. Meanwhile, several panokseons are constructed - these small, fast, lightweight ships are the perfect size for raiders. Several government-sponsored raids take place this year, mainly against the tribes of Puget Sound. Several chieftains are seized, then returned to their people for tribute.
    • Hiada: More Haida adopt Shinto. About 32,000 of 100,000 have now become Shinto, as government assistance in agriculture and ship construction only comes with the adoption of the religion. As a result, the economy expands.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: The nation of Muscovy begins trading along routes routing through the nation of Novgorod and its vassals, and the nation of Pskov. Money collected through trade and taxation is saved this year in the Muscovite treasury in case of an emergency. Trade routes are established among the nations of Poland, Hungary, Rumania, and the Roman Empire, and we promote friendly relations with all these nations. We become closer to Novgorod through trade, relying on Novgorod for safe land routes into our northern territory. Districts of our cities affected by the plague are quarantined and we make our best efforts to prevent the spread of the disease further. We stress that despite past relations being somewhat turbulent, the nations of the Ukraine are our friends, and we hope to improve relations in the future. The easternmost independent nation enters into a trade agreement with our nation, and in turn, we begin vassalizing this region. In case of attack we expand our military, recruiting free levies from our cities to protect local regions of our nation. Pikes and crossbows become common equipment in some units after they begin to be produced locally to outfit local regiments. Bowmen continue to be an essential part of our military to provide support for melee units, with some gunpowder weaponry being used. In major cities, Kremlins are upgraded and outfitted with modern equipment and dedicated garrisons to combat any threat or invasion. The largest Kremlin, located in Moscow, is especially upgraded, with new walls being added that are wider and can hold cannons. Settlement in the north is encouraged, bringing Christian and Russian traditions to the north of our territory and even into northern Siberia, a territory held by the Mongol hordes to the east. By this time much of the population of our northern territory is converted to Christianity, and the fear of Dmitri the Impaler convinces many to remain that way, preventing the spread of unwanted foreign ideals. We hope to improve relations with the Tartary for now, so that our nations can prevent fighting in the future. This turn is officially dedicated to infrastructure.
    • Lithuania: This turn is officially dedicated to infrastructure. Trade among Moscow, Prussia and other nations helps to amass wealth, which is partially used to finance infrastructural projects and military fortifications.
  • Netherlands: The disease begins to subside a bit in the Netherlands. However, about one-sixth of the Kingdom's population is dead and the economy is in need of time to recover from years of trade issues. Finally trade begins to pick up as the closure of ports and trade routes are lifted and ships are permited to continue with their activities. Efforts to establish an outpost on OTL Fernando Po continue.
  • The tribal Khoisan nation of |onte is formed in Northern Namibia, by a young Charismatic Mon. With much marrying, and exchanging of riches, Mon has has become in some way or another, the leader of the |on tribe. However, his powers are still relatively weak compared to the monarchs of Europe.
  • The Tartary begins recovering from the plague, as it begins burning itself out. Merchants begin to sell their agricultural produce once agian, and this leads to an end of the famine. This is celebrated by all within the kingdom. The population, while still decreasing, stops decreasing so steeply. The economy is improved upon with high levels of state intervention. Immune people are left to tend to those in need, which are quarantined in their homes. At the time, others are encouraged to continue work, being granted living spaces in healthy homes if needed. This allows the economy to once again kick into action. The Mastorava adopts the Christian notion of Purgatory, and drops that of Hell. A new God is put in place by the Emperor himself. He orders the Mastorava to add Apollon, as a god of plagues and health, as well as poetry and archery. The obvious implications seem to come from the Iliad. Emperor Theodore sends a diplomat to several European courts, stating he wishes for a Christian wife. Tyushta's first son, Avvakum, is born in this year, to much rejoice in the nation. With the worst finally behind, the Tatars begin developing once again.
    • Great Perm also begins recovering from the plagues, thanks to the great efficiency of the quarantine programme. The population once again begins to grow. The economy also does, as for the first time since the end of the Karelian War, merchants begin to traverse Rus' for wealth. The weakened Novgorodan and Muscovite tribes in the East are taught Komi and introduced to the Mastorava. The first Mastoravic temple in Perm opens in Kolvakvkar, shortly followed by one in Cherdyn.
    • Adyghea continues to suffer from the plague. Many fall ill and die, including the Khan. However, hearing of quarantine from Great Perm and the Tartary, this begins to be implemented.
    • Azov continues to suffer from the plague as well. However, the worst seems to be over. The populations that moved from the developed centre to the east begin to blossom, causing economic growth for the first time in a long time. The counterside to this is that parts of the Crimea are now almost entirely uninhabitated; many Goths remain, but almost as many have moved to other places, and the place is now entirely devoid of Ukrainians, which suffered the brunt of the plague and now are a lot smaller in proportion to other ethnic groups in the area. The agricultural heartland once again begins production.
    • In Kazakhstan, the plague continues on full swing. However, the ruling family and the city of Astana have been mostly unaffected. The true problems begin to be seen in other vassals' states, where many die of the plague. This indirectly allows the Khan to begin to establish far more power over his nation than previously.
  • Zapotec: Tlaco II expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco II orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Trade with the Aztecs commences after years of stagnation under Tlaco I. Another trade offer is sent to the Mayans in hopes of bettering relations with them. 
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to shift trade to the west, although the canal provides new alternatives, and within a few months a few small expeditions explore the Red Sea, traveling as far south as Socotra. This expands interest in restoring trade with India, long since shut down since the Empire entered its dark times. The Empire accepts the trade offer of Muscovy. Carlo de Patra, now a distinguished student at the University of Constantinople, has compiled a wide variety of analytical research and conclusions. Fascinated with the material world, de Patra has explored each individual element over the last few years. Seeking to expand human understanding of these primordial elements, de Patra creates inventions related to each element to further their use in the real world. Starting with Earth, the source of all life after the creation, de Patra examines physical laws and creates several inventions regarding them. Eager to please his government, de Patra has created such inventions like the Siege Ladder, a machine that helps create barrels better, and a device rather akin to a parabolic compass, along with a bridge that could traverse the Golden Horn. Sharing in the late Emperor's interest in firearms, de Patra conducts several experiments related to the matchlock firearms used by the Empire. Using the data from such experiments, de Patra creates several technological ideas or inventions designed to improve the basic firearm design, such as a mechanical device that can drill out gun barrels, a self-igniting fuse and basic rifling. Some of these inventions gather the interest of the Roman government for their military potential, but the rest are seen as merely trifles that do not deserve Roman Imperial investment. (For the record, all of these inventions are from this time period, and I can prove this. Before anyone complains, I do not plan to radically change the course of technology. See me on the talk page for more details or disputes.) 'This is only Part One of Three of the de Patra trilogy. Stay tuned. The Emperor Michael IX, now with only one heir, becomes concerned at the fate of the Empire, as he is getting old and weak and his son Thomas isn't even married.
    • Albania: The nation continues to expand and train the national military. Matchlock weapons continue to trickle into the army.
    •  A letter is sent to the Eccumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (vassal of the Roman Empire) requesting that Pskov is made independent of Novgorod in Ecclesiastical matters, namely by appointing a Bishop or Archbishop to oversee the newly asked for See of Pskov and Nizhnigorodsk-Na-Narve, a nation home to a quarter million Orthodox Christians.
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. Our turn is dedicated to military in both our nation and our vassals. We are shocked that the Venetian government would betray our trust and prosperity by invading us, and we immediately mobilize soldiers to push the Venetians out of Padua. Stephano, son of Duke Marco and an unlikely commander, is selected to lead the soldiers into Padua to liberate the city from Venetian occupation. To everyone’s surprise Stephano proves himself to be a decent leader, and organizes the demoralized soldiers, achieving an impressive victory. The city is taken and the Venetians are forced to hastily retreat by ship in Padua’s harbor. Fighting hand to hand in the city’s bay, the Venetians eventually retreat from the city. Praised for the victory, Stephano becomes known as “the Brave” and has a parade down Padua’s square, where the locals chant his name. 
  • With the Muscovian economy doing so well, Pskov does great on its investments, with many zolotniks flowing from Muscovy to Pskov in the form of debt payments. Pskovian coffers are filled as the Pskov treasury bank now is able to once more invest in Europe after the lifitng of the quarantine and the reopening of borders, and the economy begins to bounce back after years of stagnation and short periods or recession. Money goes into Pskov, which it uses to fund the university. Books are translated into Latin and distributed across Europe in order to get Pskov money, and the theory of Heliocentrism is begining to get some acceptance at the Pskovian Academy. Some advances are made in medicine, although nobody quite knows what the plague is, and the only clue is that it is spread by being around someone, while other diseases are spread through contact, which makes people think that not all diseases are the same, some spread by "aura" and others spread through touch. Pskov does well for itself, and the Seminary is finally constructed after years of work, and some people begin to think of becoming priests. A letter is sent to the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (vassal of the Roman Empire) requesting that Pskov is made independant of Novgorod in ecclesiastical matters, namely by appinting and Archbishop or a Bishop of Pskov and Nizhnegorodsk-Na-Narve. Meanwhile, the Cousin of the Prince of Pskov arrives in Baghdad later this year, acquiring more books to be translated, and finally getting his way to travel the Silk Road, to the illusive lands on the border of the sea. The Navy is built up with Monies.
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows, increasing our military capabilities in case of war. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. The recent classes of Koch ships are being manufactured in Novgorod. The town of St Patriksburg’s population grows a bit more that last year. As the construction of the town improves, the Kremlin finishes, trade becoming more in demand, the town gains slightly. Because of the trade road built with Tver our economy increases. After seeing a great success with the private schools in the cities of Novgorod, St Patriksburg, Staraya Russa, and Nizhny Novgorod. We start building another private school in Rostov and Yaroslavl. We complete building private schools in Torzhok and a private school in Staraya Ladoga. We dedicate this turn to military. We continue to establish ties with our allies Muscovy and Pskov. We answer the requests from Pskov and close borders to non-Russian nations and institute quarantine to try to stop the plague.
    • Tver: We complete the construction of the private school in Tver and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established among Yaroslavl, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Yaroslavl: We complete the construction of the private school in Yaroslavl and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established among Tver, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Rostov: We complete the construction of the private school in Rostov and start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established among Tver, Yaroslavl, Muscovy. We dedicate this turn to military.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy has massively swelled with thanks to the creation of the Spanish confederation and the addition of Aragon's trade and military fleet at Castile's disposal. Castile, as leader of the Spanish confederation, begins a series of economic and military reforms on all the kingdoms in order to expand all the local economies and militaries and centralize the confederation's economies in general. Castile at this point has explored farther down Africa establishing multiple trade posts along the way and reaching a point where the sea rounds the continent. However, the failure of supplies has led to this exploration fleet having to turn back. Castile has begun the development of a series of new ships meant to replace some of the aging designs and add some new innovations. The Castilian navy begins to replace multiple ships with the new carracks as some of the largest ships in the Castile fleet. The Castilian renaissance with the addition of Aragon's renaissance techniques has exploded significantly and with permission from the monarchy embroiled with organizing the Spanish confederacy and multiple projects the Renaissance has led to a mass amount of art and technological innovation being developed. Castile and its confederacy and vassals has now fully converted to the Western Church with the only exception being Cyprus due to its Orthodox roots and Orthodox leadership which prevents a total conversion. The Castilians begins to suffer issues within heavy trade cities of Gibraltar, and Seville as this disease begins killing many people. Castile regardless of the plague organizes a fleet of 12 ships to go through the canal for trade and exploratory purposes with multiple ships being filled to the brim with supplies and others with trade goods these ships make their first stop in Yemen. Three more unrelated ships push for mapping East Africa using the well established ports to do so pushing toward the Sanafah having much more supplies this time. The Kingdom of Granada is formally integrated into Castile with Ferdinand, now 16, taking more and more responsibility preparing to take the throne next year. King Ferdinand makes an appearance in Granada for his coronation as the King of Castile and Integrated Granada as well as a coronation of his kingship over aragon fully. Castile expands its horizons on West African trade using a series of local trade posts outside of Oyos control to gain what it needs and prevent Castilian traders from being taken advantage of. With the disease over in Castile for the most part an estimated 700,000 people were killed with many of them being infants earning the plague the name "Infants Bane". However, population is made up significantly with the addition of nearly one million people integrated from Granada bringing Castile's proper population to nearly 7.5 million and slowly growing again thanks to birth rates recovering. Castile also begins a major army reform with multiple guns being remanufactured to be fired a bit faster and not require the stand to shoot from (even though it's still recommended.) In this regard the Great Castilian strategist hears of a revolt in the countryside of Aragon with multiple remnant nobles supporting the old royal family, Carlos in this regard employs a new tactic in which his swordsman and spearman would be in front protecting rifleman. These soldiers employ a massed fire technique in a line and absolutely wipe out the rebel army and capture the two nobles imprisoning them in a prison in Toledo. Castile expands its trading post in the Cape of Good Hope to allow for more traders as well as housing some hired soldiers to defend from natives and prevent other people from setting up trade outposts. For the first time a ship is based from this trading post in South Africa giving them an escape route as well increased defences. Ferdinand begins the secret assembly of an Assassins Guild in Toledo assembling a series of very secretive but experienced swordsman as well as men who can run along the rooftops of the cities of Spain among many other European cities. This guild, purely known as the "Assassins", maintains the creed secret to only those of the organization. Their maxim remains relatively unknown "Nothing is True, Everything is Permitted" The exploration fleet sent by Castile through the canal reaches India and goes along the coast to Bengal making first contact with Bengal.
    • Kingdom of Aragon: The relatively good treatment of Aragon by Castile and the fallacy of actions of the previous king in burning various areas and completely razing Aragon's capital city have forever earned the enmity and hate of most of the Aragonian people, many of which believed they could continue their lives under Castile in a better fashion, with greater access to Castile's vast diplomatic, trade and military power. This, along with common religion and semi-related language, has led to a nearly seamless transition into the personal union. Nobles have been appointed by Prince Carlos of Castile personally who has personally overseen the majority of the war in Aragon which with his expertise, charisma and swaying abilities has led to many supporting his decisions on either side. Carlos himself is appointed the transitional governor of Aragon in order to facilitate a much smoother transition. The Kingdom's navy previously seized is returned to people sympathetic to Castilians and the military navy in particular is given to a series of respected and well known Aragonians loyal to Castile. Aragon's assimilation into Castile cultural base begins due to many nobles now speaking Spanish (Castilian) which shows a notable effect of a few people especially merchants and some developing artisans which are currently able to speak the language proficiently. Aragonians spurred on by Prince Carlos to rebuild Zaragoza continue the work needed to rebuild the city and the various burned towns surrounding the city with the city being moderately repaired. For the time being, however, the capital of Aragon proper is migrated to Valencia. With Castilian assistance various infrastructural areas are rebuilt and the military is expanded to a token force of 5000. Along with this support the Aragonian economy recovers slowly with a slow but controlled influx of Castilian economic aid helping Aragon recover. The Aragonian Navy is allowed by Castile to move toward settlements in the Canaries down into Capo Verde, and according to Castilian trade agreements docks in Oyo for trade nearly doubling their previous range. This is pushed down further pushing underneath Oyo farther down the coast using Castilian trade posts to explore. A Revolt breaks out along the Castilian-Aragonian border. The military organizes but after hearing of Prince Carlos's quick handling of the situation sends about 1000 troops to patrol the area for remnants. However, this revolt seems to have put down most doubts about Castiles ability to rule both Castile and Aragon with the large force of nearly 8000 Aragonian revolters being completely wiped out or captured with nearly half being captured and the other half being killed. The ruling magistrate over Aragon signs a landmark trade deal with Castile which allows for Aragon's usage of Castile's large amounts of trade posts down the coast of Africa.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: The King of Cyprus is now King Alexander of Cyprus. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller west to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. The Kingdom of Cyprus due to the recent issues in Castile reluctantly recognizes Carlos and his Regency for Prince Ferdinand. Cyprus itself with its fleet of nearly 100 ships begins to take after the Venetian example with trade and begins to put Cypriot merchant ships into state possession for trade in order to help with the kingdom's finances and heavy trade. This show immediate results as a relative increase in funding and attention to trade between Castile and her allies begins to improve the quality of trade. Cyprus shows many casualties from the disease due to its trade hub situation. Cyprus sends about 1000 knights to Alexandria for her crusade.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area. The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable number of Castilians settle the area. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom with many canals having been completed has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population reaches nearly 650,000 with Christianity becoming dominant in the area. Calne-Vicuna is finished and is opened as an center for Christianity in North Africa with a library said to rival old Alexandria's.
    • Kongo: The recently vassalized Kongo and its Christian population begins to go on a larger "crusade" to convert its brothers in the region and begins a major program meant at taking the Christian areas and consolidating them into ruleable areas, etc. The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. With the King also adopts the name John, in favor of the king who began these exploratory operations down the coast of Africa. The King also organized a band of Christian soldiers who help keep the peace who also begin to help with conversions to Christianity as a series of missionaries and high level priests from the Western Church have come on a ship hearing of many pagans and heretics to convert. The King makes multiple successful campaigns against various of the petty kings in Kongo killing two of them and leaving the third on the run. The Christianization of multiple areas is completed and multiple others are begun.
  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. Relations with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continue to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc.
    • Kingdom of Sicily: The army continues the process of assimilation of Italian tactics that spread through the Mediterranean, promoting the use of early firearms. The economy of the island is mostly cereal crops. Thanks to Italian support the exploitation of olives and wine grapes continues. 
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continue. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies; is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy into one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy. 
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles. 
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom.
    • Vatican City: The Pope continues the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope, like his predecessor, condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The nephew of Pope Callistus III, Rodrigo Borgia continue his ascent in the Roman Curia.
    • Order of the Knights of Malta: The Grand Master of the Order Piero Raimondo Camelot, uses his fleet of ten ships to patrol the central Mediterranean, also helping needy Christians. Military elements are improved, and the economy is maintained by the Italian and Sicilian support.
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve.

1481

Helene, daughter of Ulrich V of Swabia is wed to Maximilian of Austria. Ulrich V falls ill, however, shortly after arriving from an illness contracted while traveling, and dies in Vienna. A grant tourney in Vienna is organized by Emperor George in his memory, calling nobles and knights of the Holy Roman Empire to appear for a grand celebration. After the tournament guests will stay for Ulrich’s funeral.

An assassination plot to slay the former chancellor, Rudolph of Koln, at Ulrich V’s Funeral Tourney is stopped by the Knights of the Gentian thanks to an elaborate spy system established within the event. The assassins are slain by Balthasar the Vespertilio, although their allegiance remains unknown.

This is actually worse than the blue box that killed Hitler. (AvA guys, you know what I'm talking about :D)

After a diplomatic grievance between delegates of Prussia and Hesse, Prussia had launched an invasion into Hesse and its alliances. Despite initial success, the Prussians are unable to penetrate strongholds in the north, and are pushed back into Prussia proper. In the ensuing Treaty of Rostock, signed the previous year, the Duchy of Hamburg-Mecklenburg successfully negotiated the return of Pomeranian lands to Mecklenburg, and the remaining region of Pomerania is granted sovereignty from Prussian influence.

A fire breaks out in Rheims, France, which severely damages the roof and spirals of the Cathedral of Notre Dame.

The Aztecs commission the creation of a stone disc approximately 358 cm in diameter, detailed with motifs that cover the surface of the stone referring to central components of the Mexica cosmogony. The sculpture becomes known as the Sun Stone.

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers continue to explore the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, shipwrights start to fuse and modify aspects of ships that are known to operate around the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, in order to develop larger ocean-going ships. Meanwhile, Urraca gives birth to a boy, who is named Garcia.
  • Trier: We dedicate this turn to military, as do our vassals. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne and Austria and her vassals. To improve infrastructure we begin building several defenses, and roads to link towns across the nation. Fortifications around our capital are improved and updated. We are glad that the war in Prussia has come to a swift close, and forces are withdrawn. Upon hearing of Venice’s treachery, we begin supporting Milan in their defensive war. Archbishop Christian von Wurtembourg journeys with his family to Vienna immediately, having received word that his beloved father, Ulrich V, has died. Although it is a sad occasion, we look forward to a grand tournament, attracting many of Trier's warriors.
  • Guaymi: Emperor Tiarokwete establishes an outpost named dalalalaland at the site of the new water source and have sent 3000 civilians and 100 troops to help establish the land and walk the Trail of Tears of Joy to the new land. The whole year is spent transporting resources to the new outpost.
  • Prussia: The Prussians officially finish converting to the Western Church. The Prussians begin to develop their military.
    • Courland: The Curonians also continue developing their military. The Curonians also officially finish converting to the Western Church.
    • Ossel-Wiek: Ossel-Wiek also continues developing their military. Ossel-Wiek also officially finishes converting to the Western Church. Duke Franz begins to treat the capital at Arensburg as his personal playground. The architecture of the city begins to become more and more gothic as the year goes on.
  • |onte becomes more consolidated as it distinguishes itself from the tribes to the north. Mon pursues a policy of "stealing the women, and killing the men", so that the |on tribe prospers.
  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. Relations with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continue to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc.
    • Kingdom of Sicily: The army continue the process of assimilation of Italian tactics that spread through the Mediterranean, promoting the use of early firearms. The economy of the island is mostly cereal crops. Thanks to Italian support the exploitation of olives and wine grapes continues. 
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continue. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies; is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy into one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy. 
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles. 
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom.
    • Vatican City: The Pope continues the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope, like his predecessor, condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The nephew of Pope Callistus III, Rodrigo Borgia continue his ascent in the Roman Curia.
    • Order of the Knights of Malta: The Grand Master of the Order Piero Raimondo Camelot, uses his fleet of ten ships to patrol the central Mediterranean, also helping needy Christians. Military elements are improved, and the economy is maintained by the Italian and Sicilian support.
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve.
  • Mansuriyya Caliphate: The economy continues to recover from the plague and is improved dramatically. (Sorry about the absense and the short post; AP tests are a bitch).
  • Mapuche:  The past few years have been relatively uneventful; economic growth has continued, and rumors of the strength of the Mapuche tribe have reached tribes and civilizations far from the Mapuche. The War Band has fully incorporated iron armor and weapons, greatly increasing their efficacy. Mapuche people feel increasingly proud of their common bond and way of life. There are 32,000 Mapuche in the territory.
  • Your population just doubled in a decade. Explain how that's possible/plausible? ... greg
  • If I may speak on his behalf. Medieval families were quite large, and necessarily so given the way economies worked back then. If every healthy woman had about four or five children within those ten years who survived into adolesence, then they could contribute to the agricultural economy of the nation, and can thus be counted as members of that society. So it is entirely possible and plausible for the Mapuche population to double in ten years time. ~Viva
  • Not really. Mapuche are a tribal society. The doubling of a tribal society's population in ten years even if they settled is way too much. Sonar, please find a more plausible number. -Feud
  • Hamburg-Mecklenburg: Consolidation of the war gains continues, the Duchy of Mecklenburg grows significantly. Talks begin of integrating the two duchies, though rebuilding from the war takes precedence. Eager to restore relations with Prussia, the Kingdom is offered lowered tariffs and a reduction of taxes for the transfer of goods from Mecklenburgian ports to Hamburg, thus bypassing the Øresund. The military is built up following the war. A cycle of brief mobilizations every year during the summer (between the spring planting and fall harvest) for review by the Duke and the generals takes shape. Ludwig Veit begins experimenting with firearms, their worth showing in the recent wars. He dislikes the use of open black powder and a match as a point of ignition, due to the ease it can get wet and render the powder useless. He comes up with a method using a flint as a point of ignition, sparked by a spinning, gear-like wheel released by the trigger. The sparks created ignite a small amount of black powder, which then fires the gun. He calls it the "wheellock".
    • Magdeburg: military expanded.
  • County of Oldenburg: The military is expanded and improved for the third year in a row, as a result of the instability in the region. Neu Borkum is once again the subject of interest, as the OHG and the comital government put their money together to improve the small army barracks in Dietrichdorf. It houses a mere 15 men, but now boasts a small stone wall around the whole building. Back at home, firearms are gradually becoming more common within the army. They are still grossly outnumbered by pikes (the default weapon of all infantrymen). Count Christian VI attends the tourney in Vienna, along with some of the county's best knights. They do their country proud.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: Bishop Rudolph also attends the tourney in Vienna, joined by the mounted section of his Order of the Seraphim. Rudolph seems rather annoyed at the end of the tournament, and many witness him having a tantrum as he rides off on his horse. In Osnabruck, the involvement of the Seraphim in the tourney makes several more young men join the monastic order. 
  • Kingdom of Gwalior:  Raja Vikram of Gwalior finally succeeded in unifying the region of Gwalior under his command, although the Muslims of the region resisted to what they believed was living under infidel rule. Gwalior looked upon its neighbors for peaceful, friendly relations as the tribal warfare had brought nothing else but pain to the people of Gwalior. Meanwhile, the nobles worked on Gwaliors economy and crops too were being prepared to feed Gwalior's people although it appeared inevitable to most for 10 - 20% of Gwalior's population to remain impouverished for the next few years. Extensive work was done for the development of the infrastructure since schools and temples had to be built. Gwalior was, however, militarily weak and the soldier still utilized swords, catapults and the earliest forms of artillery. Indeed, the military had to be developed to protect Gwalior's sovereignty but at the current stage, the infrastructure and economy was much more important. BTW, I'm new and was not even sure how I start playing the game (I know the rules and algorithm) so if I made any mistake, sorry.
  • Netherlands: As trade starts picking up again Dutch merchants become more active and the begin looking for access to the canal in Alexandria. The Dutch send an envoy requesting access, and also offer a trade agreement and Maurice offers to visit the capital to formally open ties with them. Dutch explorers pass the Cape of Good Hope and are posed to break into the Indian Ocean. The outpost in OTL Fernando Po continues to grow and is fortified while the outpost on the African mainland is also. With two ways into Asia now established Maurice begins planning for a large expedition to Asia to finally bring about Dutch ambitions of accessing the Spice trade talked about since before the days of Marco Polo to reality, He also begins paying large sums to those who can successfully made out the unknown east and promises to grant rights to the first ones to successfully reach India nad the Far East. military expansion begins once more as arquebus designs are tweeked with and the south of the country begins to pick up. Naval expansion continues with new carracks being made (at this point the carrack existed) and other designs being made on paper.
    • Alexandria Dip:  We are willing to open up negotiations with the Netherlands. Please look at the Compact of Philadelphi and we can go from there.
    • Netherlands Dip: Maurice agrees to all conditions and also requests to know what conditions alexandria would like to add.
  • Ethiopia: We build up our military and navy. The navy builds more ships for trade. Many churches are still continuing to be built. We use the Nile river to trade with our allies Alexandria. Agriculture is our biggest industry in the country besides trade. We expand our nation's borders 15 px south. The wall and outposts around the capital city are still in the process of being built. The 21 men who when on the expedition come back after four years of exploring exploring Central Africa. They give the king maps of Central Africa, Oyo and Morocco. They also bring riches from these countries. At age 23, the king marries a woman called Maryam. 
  • I really think an expedition requires more than just 21 people.
  • Well, IDK about that, but I already had them exploring Africa for four years. They already returned back home, anyway. Next time I will add more people to the expedition group if I need to.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite does its job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. We continue to help finance the Plutocratic State of Jaunpur, Delhi Sultanate and Bahamani Sultanate by sending gifts directly to the nobles/sultans, offering loans from powerful trade bankers, and decreasing the trade taxes over all of Bengal, allowing more of our merchant goods to travel into those states. We also raise a portion of the Sultan's personal levy and then divide it out to be sent to the states leaders, so that they can do with them what they wish in order to maintain order in their nation. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase is scholars and literacy in our nation. Due to the removal of trade barriers between a majority of states in the Indian League, their merchants and ours begin to travel with increased mobility and goods, thereby increasing the trade income and output in the agreeing nations. With the plague being considered a far less threat now than it previously was, restrictions on trade and laws on inheritance/assests are changed to pre-plague laws. Due to the return to a high volume of trade after managing to work with a far smaller volume during the plague, investments by landed elites into expansion of their plantations, mines and levies increase exponentially. The Sultan begins to receive reports of traders in Ava being arrested and imprisoned.
    • '​'Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslim settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom passes away and his son inherits the Kingdom from his father.
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of them. We buy more books from China. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We begin building up our military and create even tougher practices. After ramping up military for a long time, we slowly move our powerful army next to Mongol Khanate.
  • Cuzco: As rebellions in Qullasuyu continue, Cuzco begins to take more direct control over the region. Military and Infrastructure are built up. Population growth slows in Cuzco as people move from Cuzco to the Wankas and a lesser extent to Qullasuyu.
    • Wanka: Population hits 30,000. Economy and Infrastructure improve.
    • Qullasuyu: Rebellions continue.
  • The Kingdoms of Great Albion (Scotland and England) - member nation of the UKGA: The Navy is expanded further with the integration of the Scottish and Breton fleets. The number now stands at 440 ships total. Port Edmundburg continues to experience a growth in population. Albionic settlers continue to explore the surrounding areas. The Albionic Royal Navy begins better mapping Africa for the Crown. After decades of cultural merging, a new, Celto-Germanic culture finally begins to take firmer root. The English language has grown in official use and now royal documents, previously in Latin, are now translated into English. Troops that fought in the Pan-Hispania Wars return home and facilitate a minor baby boom. These experienced soldiers now train the army and navy commanders in advanced battle tactics. All ships passing through the channel are monitored for any signs of infection. The new dialect of English found in Eire has spread to Wales and Scotland. English nobles begin to enjoy the Celtic myths of Eire and Scotland. Port Edmundburg is declared a crown colony (OTL Sierra Leone) after decades as a profitable trade outpost. Expansion is planned next year to accommodate the growing population. ◾Brittany: Brittany is officially placed under Albionic influence. The military and navy are expanded.
    • Calais: Military and navy are expanded.
    • Dublin: Dublin undergoes another remodel and expansion to the ports due to the massive influx of trade from Castile and Venice as well as an increased Eire trade.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. Pan Albion sentiments grow, Trade increases.
    • Wales: Wales expands its military and navy. Cardiff becomes a large centre of trade for Wales. The Welsh appoint Adam Cyrdger as Royal Minister. The first sessions of parliament are held. Wales does not see as large a population boom as Albion or Scotland, but a minor one, centred around Cardiff and Swansea, does occur.
  • Eire: Eire, having built up trade and infrastructure across the nation for years is in the process of becoming a modern European nation. Clans still remain. However, much of the new growth of the nation is in the new trade ports on the coast, settled by the Norse, or the towns at the hubs of the new roads. Indeed, many of the small towns from 50 years ago are unrecognizable compared to today. Eire seeks to show its power, and we invite monarchs from across Europe to tour the new nation. The military of Eire continues to be modernized. After years of friendship with Albion, a strange new dialect begins to emerge in coastal trade settlements. As the language divide in Albion has ended, and English becomes the tongue of all, traders from England and Eire begin to swap words in the trade settlements on the Irish Sea. The dialect, however, has not seen wide use outside of those settlements. We find that keeping the Southern Europeans away from our ports, who often carry diseases, helps us prevent the spread of the strange new plague. Our vessels continue to explore and trade with our northern neighbors, however, such as Scandinavia and some of the German states that are not affected. We allow Roman Catholic churches to spring up again, after the reunification of the churches, and many reactionary Eire-folk take advantage of it, having practiced their services in secret. Tales of Celtic myths continue to become popular amongst the nobles, and old aspects of pre-Norman Hiberno-Roman culture begin to be rediscovered. Copy for Bfox.
  • Mughal Empire: After relations with the Chagatai Khanate continued to improve the last few years, a peaceful integration is conducted. Thus Mirza becomes Emperor-Khan, rather than Emperor and Khan. This eases trade between the two regions. Although this new situation requires adaptation, the economy improves. Because of the Emperor-Khan's age, he asks for a marriage with the daughter of the Jaisalmer leader, although, due to the Treaty of Delhi, he also renounces to any future claims to Marwar as the Mughal Empero-Khan. 
  • Alyeskan Khaganate: The Alyeskan Khaganate improves its economy. Its proverbial appetite whetted by the wealth of Puget Sound, launches still more raids south along the Pacific coast. Attackers return to the Sound, while others seize coastal villages along the nearby coast.
    • Hiada: Continue to adopt agriculture and Shinto, improving economy.
  • Fusahito Theocracy: After the second year with usual levels of rainfall, agriculture has returned to normal, with the opening of the Imperial grain warehouses solving the worst of the problems. Meanwhile, priests from the Imperial Shinto Sect continue to vassalise the Toki state, acting as missionaries to convert the leadership to the belief in the divinity of the Emperor. Turn Four of Six.
  • Caucasian Confederation: The continued expansion of the Georgian Navy and the opening of the Philadelphia Canal to Caucasian merchants prompts an upsurge in commerce that expands the Caucasian economies, as noble-backed merchant houses compete to establish eastward trade routes. On the Persian Gulf, Alexsaportu finally receives escorts for its growing trade: half a dozen Georgian carracks and several dozen smaller galleys begin patrolling the sea lanes around the city, enabling more reliable commerce across the Gulf. Nine years remain before the city is fully developed, but ambitious merchants and nobles alike are already dreaming of Indian riches. In dynastic news, Rusiko and Sahak finally have a son, named Eduard. His birth ensures that the Georgian throne (which goes to the eldest son, or the eldest daughter with a male heir should no son exist) will be united with the Armenian throne upon his accession (some decades away).
    • Caucasian Diplomacy: In further dynastic news, Mepe Boris of Georgia makes marriage proposals to Tartary and Venice: the King offers the hand of Georgia's Princess Endzela (aged 21, now third in line for the Georgian throne) to Tartary's Emperor Theodore and the hand of Princess Natalie (aged 19, now fourth in line for the Georgian throne) to Venice's Prince Giovanni. Meanwhile, the Georgio-Armenian ecumenical delegation continues its inquiry in Rumania about the tenets of the Moralist movement, in order to determine whether the new sect complies with the Orthodox communion.
    • Kingdom of GeorgiaMepe Boris continues integrating Amier-Kavkasia into Georgia, and  the integration of the Principality is expected to take nine more years. As unrest continues to bubble among the nobility, Jarishuri detachments are stationed in major cities to ensure the maintenance of public order; after several local notables are tried and executed for plotting against the throne, the remaining chiefs take the hint and conduct their intrigues more carefully. For the moment, at least, open dissent against Georgian rule has been suppressed.
    • Principality of Rani: The gradual, bloody conversion of the Azeris to Orthodoxy continues; of the 294,000 Azeris, some 73,500 (25%) now profess Christianity in some form or another. Ongoing missionary rivalries lead to the ascent of the so-called Coptic school in Caucasian theology; indeed, the Prince of Rani himself contemplates converting, since the Copts appear to have the political and personal influence that the Orthodox Georgian Church seems to lack.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The military is expanded, especially the navy. Scandinavia funds Venice in its war against Milan, offering supplies. It regrets that it can not plausibly help Venice more in the war.
  • Zapotec: Tlaco II expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco II orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Trade with the Aztecs commences after years of stagnation under Tlaco I. Another trade offer is sent to the Mayans in hopes of bettering relations with them. 
  • Alexandria: Trade continues to increase as the ports are re-established and more people are converted to Coptic Christianity due to the See of Saint Mark's presence, including those of the True Faith, the Christian region of Alexandria is nowhere near as harmed as the Islamic region by the plague (due to better living conditions), leaving many Muslims to reconsider their faith. Resources are sent to Aiguptia to maintain and protect the canal as that process continues and workers are encouraged to go seek out this opportunity. The economy is no longer threatened by stagnation due to the plague and further picks up. Christians in North African nations are invited to immigrate to Alexandria . Missionaries and dignitaries remain in the Nubia region hoping to convert and influence some of the Nile cities (Turn Ten). The land acquired from Yemen by the Red Sea continues to see a port town established for sailors and merchants to rest before going into the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean, there is a medium increase in population as more people look to get into the trade business and travel from Castile requires a stop for their sailors. Officials finally catch up to immigration but do not anticipate the amount of immigrants for this year as well. In the province of Judea soldiers are to protect both Christian, Islamic and Jewish pilgrimages. Taxes are not like those in Alexandria where they favor Christians, but rather equal for all three of these religions. Small amounts of conversions take place mainly converting Christians and Muslims to Coptic Christianity. The region of Egypt completes consolidation into the kingdom and divided into provinces. Despite this, consolidation a small number of revolts take place in the province of Thebes (South Nile Valley) by Muslims. Alexandria sends in troops to the south to calm the revolt. Missionaries are also sent in to do some potentially forceful conversions. Katrina asks husband Ferdinand for help in dealing with the issues, specifically asking for Carlos's help. Alexandria works extensively on its navy as it wishes to further explore the deepest reaches of the Great Eastern Sea (OTL Indian Ocean). An Alexandria expedition is organized to the Bengali Sultante. Mil Turn.
    • The Hungarian King Sigismund would like to discuss a potential trading pact with Alexandria which would allow Hungary access to the canal in return for much support from Hungary, possibly in a militaristic fashion.
    • Alexandria Dip: We are willing to open the canal up to Hungry's merchants. Id like to discuss it with you further. 
    • Milanese Diplomacy: We propose that Anastasia and Crown Prince Kyriacos become betrothed. 
    • Aiguptia: Continues to stabilize the nation. Engineers, cartographers and philosophers from all trade partners are offered jobs to work on expanding the Philadelphi Canal to take on present day cogs, treasure fleets and other ships. At many points ships can pass freely using two separate canals or wide manmade lakes. However, there are still flows to be worked out, and portions to be widened. Workers flow in seeking work and benefits that stream from the jobs, even those from disorganized areas of the former Mashriq Sultanate and the new Sultanate in Egypt, especially since some are trying to escape the plague, but this migration slows down considerable toward the end of the year. Aiguptia increases efforts to house these immigrant workers and assist them in finding jobs for after the canal is complete. Citizens and people in the surrounding regions and province are converted to Coptic Christianity. Missionaries continue to convert people, especially in Cairo. Cairo also attracts many in anticipation of the canal. The city at the crossing point of the canal OTL Zagazig, begins to be filled by merchants and people looking to get involved in the trade industry, but becomes known for poorer living conditions and being put at risk for the plague. Military learns as they progress in the war. Missionaries and organizers are sent to Nubia region to assist in building a kingdom there. Aiguptia expans 50 px into the Sinai Peninsula. 
  • Castile: The Castilian economy has massively swelled with thanks to the creation of the Spanish confederation and the addition of Aragon's trade and military fleet at Castile's disposal. Castile, as leader of the Spanish confederation, begins a series of economic and military reforms on all the kingdoms in order to expand all the local economies and militaries and centralize the confederation's economies in general. Castile at this point has explored farther down Africa establishing multiple trade posts along the way and reaching a point where the sea rounds the continent. However, the failure of supplies has led to this exploration fleet having to turn back. Castile has begun the development of a series of new ships meant to replace some of the aging designs and add some new innovations. The Castilian navy begins to replace multiple ships with the new carracks as some of the largest ships in the Castile fleet. The Castilian renaissance with the addition of Aragon's renaissance techniques has exploded significantly and with permission from the monarchy embroiled with organizing the Spanish confederacy and multiple projects the Renaissance has led to a mass amount of art and technological innovation being developed. Castile and its confederacy and vassals has now fully converted to the Western Church with the only exception being Cyprus due to its Orthodox roots and Orthodox leadership which prevents a total conversion. The Castilians begins to suffer issues within heavy trade cities of Gibraltar, and Seville as this disease begins killing many people. Castile regardless of the plague organizes a fleet of 12 ships to go through the canal for trade and exploratory purposes with multiple ships being filled to the brim with supplies and others with trade goods these ships make their first stop in Yemen. Three more unrelated ships push for mapping East Africa using the well established ports to do so pushing toward the Sanafah having much more supplies this time. The Kingdom of Granada is formally integrated into Castile with Ferdinand now, 16, taking more and more responsibility preparing to take the throne next year. King Ferdinand makes an appearance in Granada for his coronation as the King of Castile and Integrated Granada as well as a coronation of his kingship over aragon fully. Castile expands its horizons on West African trade using a series of local trade posts outside of Oyos control to gain what it needs and prevent Castilian traders from being taken advantage of. With the disease over in Castile for the most part an estimated 700,000 people were killed with many of them being infants earning the plague the name "Infants Bane". However, population is made up significantly with the addition of nearly one million people integrated from Granada bringing Castile's proper population to nearly 7.5 million and slowly growing again thanks to birth rates recovering. Castile also begins a major army reform with multiple guns being remanufactured to be fired a bit faster and not require the stand to shoot from (even though it's still recommended.) Castile expands its trading post in the Cape of Good Hope to allow for more traders as well as housing some hired soldiers to defend from natives and prevent other people from setting up trade outposts. For the first time a ship is based from this trading post in South Africa giving them an escape route as well increased defences. Ferdinand begins the secret assembly of an Assassins Guild in Toledo assembling a series of very secretive but experienced swordsman as well as men who can run along the rooftops of the cities of Spain among many other European cities. This guild, purely known as the "Assassins", maintains the creed secret to only those of the organization. Their maxim remains relatively unknown "Nothing is True, Everything is Permitted" The exploration fleet sent by Castile through the canal reaches India and goes along the coast to Bengal making first contact with Bengal. Carlos of Castile is sent to Egypt with a retinue of 1000 men exploying his new tactic for Alexandria's use.
    • Kingdom of Aragon: The relatively good treatment of Aragon by Castile and the fallacy of actions of the previous king in burning various areas and completely razing Aragon's capital city have forever earned the enmity and hate of most of the Aragonian people, many of which believed they could continue their lives under Castile in a better fashion, with greater access to Castile's vast diplomatic, trade and military power. This, along with common religion and semi-related language, has led to a nearly seamless transition into the personal union. Nobles have been appointed by Prince Carlos of Castile personally who has personally overseen the majority of the war in Aragon which with his expertise, charisma and swaying abilities has led to many supporting his decisions on either side. Carlos himself is appointed the transitional governor of Aragon in order to facilitate a much smoother transition. The Kingdom's navy previously seized is returned to people sympathetic to Castilians and the military navy in particular is given to a series of respected and well known Aragonians loyal to Castile. Aragon's assimilation into Castile cultural base begins due to many nobles now speaking Spanish (Castilian) which shows a notable effect of a few people especially merchants and some developing artisans which are currently able to speak the language proficiently. Aragonians spurred on by Prince Carlos to rebuild Zaragoza continue the work needed to rebuild the city and the various burned towns surrounding the city with the city being moderately repaired. For the time being, however, the capital of Aragon proper is migrated to Valencia. With Castilian assistance various infrastructural areas are rebuilt and the military is expanded to a token force of 5000. Along with this support the Aragonian economy recovers slowly with a slow but controlled influx of Castilian economic aid helping Aragon recover. The Aragonian Navy is allowed by Castile to move toward settlements in the Canaries down into Capo Verde, and according to Castilian trade agreements docks in Oyo for trade nearly doubling their previous range. This is pushed down further pushing underneath Oyo farther down the coast using Castilian trade posts to explore. The ruling magistrate over Aragon signs a landmark trade deal with Castile which allows for Aragon's usage of Castile's large amounts of trade posts down the coast of Africa.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: The King of Cyprus is now King Alexander of Cyprus. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller west to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. The Kingdom of Cyprus due to the recent issues in Castile reluctantly recognizes Carlos and his Regency for Prince Ferdinand. Cyprus itself with its fleet of nearly 100 ships begins to take after the Venetian example with trade and begins to put Cypriot merchant ships into state possession for trade in order to help with the kingdom's finances and heavy trade. This show immediate results as a relative increase in funding and attention to trade between Castile and her allies begins to improve the quality of trade. Cyprus shows many casualties from the disease due to its trade hub situation. Cyprus sends about 1000 knights to Alexandria for her crusade.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area. The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable number of Castilians settle the area. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom with many canals having been completed has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Moroccos total population reaches nearly 650,000 with Christianity becoming dominant in the area. Calne-Vicuna is finished and is opened as an center for Christianity in North Africa with a library said to rival old Alexandria's.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. With the King also adopts the name John, in favor of the king who began these exploratory operations down the coast of Africa. The King also organized a band of Christian soldiers who help keep the peace who also begin to help with conversions to Christianity as a series of missionaries and high level priests from the Western Church have come on a ship hearing of many pagans and heretics to convert. The King makes multiple successful campaigns against various of the petty kings in Kongo killing two of them and leaving the third on the run. The Christianization of multiple areas is completed and multiple others are begun. The Kongolese military is armed for the first time with guns which shock the remaining petty king of Kongo which surrenders immediately giving control of the entirety of the kingdom for the first time in its history. King John of the Kongo (he adopted the name remember) prepares a census of its population to get relative numbers of the population.
    • Oyo Diplomacy: The Asaaju of Oyo requests further technological aid from the Castilian nation. We are prepared to pay for the assistance in gold, and also possess many young men willing to fight for Castile in exchange for the aid of this nation. Any form of technology pertaining to naval construction, metallurgy and medicine is welcomed.
  • Ottoman Sultanate: Military in the Sultanate expands as vassalization of Syria continues. In an attempt to ensure the peace with Christian Europe, the Sultan is willing to give vassalization rights to Egypt. Meanwhile, the Grand Vizier continues to stay in the Mesopotamian port as the city expands its naval capabilities.
  • In Ayutthaya, trade and production increases. The armies of the kingdoms are finally consolidated into one, with only militias being raised from the individual kingdoms, though the kingdoms themselves are allowed increased autonomy in other regions - such as religion. This also results in a boom in trade, spreading out throughout South-Eastern Asia, its effects reaching China in the North, Sanafah in the West, Australia to the South and Japan to the East. More ships are built, partially for trade purposes, with our ships reaching as far as as Southern Africa, and with planned expeditions even moving over the Cape of Good Hope. Our relations with our neighboring nations continue to improve, and relations between religions are at an all time high, with Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists freely moving around our cities and kingdoms.. We sign a trading treaty with the nation of Siak, and increase the military size. Unfortunately, this does negatively affect our relations with the Majapahit, as this treaty allows us to take a large part of their trade. All vassals increase the size of their economies. With the worsening relations with the Majapahit, those calling for finally win. Starting with a seabourne attack on their ports, with cannons, etc, breaking down their walls, the Kingdoms of Ayutthaya marshal the military and launch a pre-emptive strike on the Majapahit. The Golden Army is mobilized. We call upon our vassals to aid us.
  • The Tartary begins recovering from the plague, as it begins burning itself out. Merchants begin to sell their agricultural produce once agian, and this leads to an end of the famine. This is celebrated by all within the kingdom. The population, while still decreasing, stops decreasing so steeply. The economy is improved upon with high levels of state intervention. Immune people are left to tend to those in need, which are quarantined in their homes. At the time, others are encouraged to continue work, being granted living spaces in healthy homes if needed. This allows the economy to once again kick into action. The Mastorava adopts the Christian notion of Purgatory, and drops that of Hell. A new God is put in place by the Emperor himself. He orders the Mastorava to add Apollon, as a god of plagues and health, as well as poetry and archery. The obvious implications seem to come from the Iliad. The Georgian proposal for a royal marriage is gladly accepted. Tyushta's first son, Avvakum, is born in this year, to much rejoice in the nation. With the worst finally behind, the Tatars begin developing once again.
    • Great Perm also begins recovering from the plagues, thanks to the great efficiency of the quarantine programme. The population once again begins to grow. The economy also does, as for the first time since the end of the Karelian War, merchants begin to traverse Rus' for wealth. The weakened Novgorodan and Muscovite tribes in the East are taught Komi and introduced to the Mastorava. The first Mastoravic temple in Perm opens in Kolvakvkar, shortly followed by one in Cherdyn.
    • Adyghea continues to suffer from the plague. Many fall ill and die, including the Khan. However, hearing of quarantine from Great Perm and the Tartary, this begins to be implemented.
    • Azov continues to suffer from the plague as well. However, the worst seems to be over. The populations that moved from the developed centre to the east begin to blossom, causing economic growth for the first time in a long time. The counterside to this is that parts of the Crimea are now almost entirely uninhabitated; many Goths remain, but almost as many have moved to other places, and the place is now entirely devoid of Ukrainians, which suffered the brunt of the plague and now are a lot smaller in proportion to other ethnic groups in the area. The agricultural heartland once again begins production.
    • In Kazakhstan, the plague continues on in full swing. However, the ruling family and the city of Astana have been mostly unaffected. The true problems begin to be seen in other vassals' states, where many die of the plague. This indirectly allows the Khan to begin to establish far more power over his nation than previously.
  • Pskov does things that Pskov does and does great economically as the treasury is getting fresh funds from Moscow via debt payments. The economy has recovered from the plague. Aleksandr Zaytsev's expedition along the silk road continues.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: The nation of Muscovy begins trading along routes routing through the nation of Novgorod and its vassals, and the nation of Pskov. Money collected through trade and taxation is saved this year in the Muscovite treasury in case of an emergency. Trade routes are established among the nations of Poland, Hungary, Rumania, and the Roman Empire, and we promote friendly relations with all these nations. We become closer to Novgorod through trade, relying on Novgorod for safe land routes into our northern territory. Districts of our cities affected by the plague are quarantined and we make our best efforts to prevent the spread of the disease further. We stress that despite past relations being somewhat turbulent, the nations of the Ukraine are our friends, and we hope to improve relations in the future. The easternmost independent nation enters into a trade agreement with our nation, and in turn, we begin vassalizing this region. In case of attack we expand our military, recruiting free levies from our cities to protect local regions of our nation. Pikes and crossbows become common equipment in some units after they begin to be produced locally to outfit local regiments. Bowmen continue to be an essential part of our military to provide support for melee units, with some gunpowder weaponry being used. In major cities, Kremlins are upgraded and outfitted with modern equipment and dedicated garrisons to combat any threat or invasion. The largest Kremlin, located in Moscow, is especially upgraded, with new walls being added that are wider and can hold cannons. Settlement in the north is encouraged, bringing Christian and Russian traditions to the north of our territory and even into northern Siberia, a territory held by the Mongol hordes to the east. By this time much of the population of our northern territory is converted to Christianity, and the fear of Dmitri the Impaler convinces many to remain that way, preventing the spread of unwanted foreign ideals. We hope to improve relations with the Tartary for now, so that our nations can prevent fighting in the future. This turn is officially dedicated to economy.
    • Lithuania: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. Trade between Moscow, Prussia and other nations helps to amass wealth, which is partially used to finance infrastructural projects and military fortifications.
  • ’’’Milan:’’’ Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. Our turn is dedicated to economy in both our nation and our vassals. We grow closer to Padua, having successfully liberated their city, and the hero of the liberation, Stephano the Brave, begins seeking a wife. Many begin to call for a possible counterattack into Venice to end their clashes with Milan once and for all, and possible plans are created.
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows, increasing our military capabilities in case of war. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. The recent classes of Koch ships are being manufactured in Novgorod. The town of St Patriksburg’s population grows a bit more that last year. As the construction of the town improves, the Kremlin finishes, trade becoming more in demand, the town gains slightly. Because of the trade road built with Tver our economy increases. After seeing a great success with the private schools in the cities of Novgorod, St Patriksburg, Staraya Russa, and Nizhny Novgorod. We start building another private school in Rostov and Yaroslavl. We complete building private schools in Torzhok and a private school in Staraya Ladoga. We dedicate this turn to economy. We continue to establish ties with our allies Muscovy and Pskov. We answer the requests from Pskov and close borders to non-russian nations and institute quarantine to try to stop the plague.
    • Tver: We complete the construction of the private school in Tver and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Yaroslavl, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to economy.
    • Yaroslavl: We complete the construction of the private school in Yaroslavl and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to economy.
    • Rostov: We completed the construction of the private school in Rostov and start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Yaroslavl, Muscovy. We dedicate this turn to economy.
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Grand Duchess Eleanor and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1481 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1481, Eleanor commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The market center in Landshut continues to attract Bavarian and Venetian traders. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Eleanor ends her predecessor's policies of advancing Sedevanticism in the government. As the new Grand Duchess, Eleanor continues to vet and interrogate most of the powerful nobles of Bavaria. To work more efficiently, she appoints Vallerio Volpe as her spymaster. By the end of the year, Eleanor hosts a more developed middle class in Trausnitz than her numerous predecessors had. This earns her the sobriquet "The Middling Queen" to flavor the already popular "Merchant Queen" title. In other news, Eleanor continues to develop her cousin's seemingly successful administrative policies. In plague news, the affliction has more or less disappeared from Bavaria. Sporadic cases can still be found, but no large amount of deaths occur this year. Court physicians continue to bathe in religious ceremonies, hoping to appease God and remove the plague from the country. In national news, the common courts continue to be implemented around Bavaria as several of the lower class make use it of. The serf laws begin to be used as well. While not extremely active, as many as three dozen serfs earn their freedom by the end of the year. Many freed serfs find work and home in the cities, while others continue to informally live on their lords' lands. In diplomatic news, the war against Prussia continues
    • Munchen: By 1481, the total class of Queen Isabell University amounts to about 3410 men. Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. In recent news, unemployment begins to crawl upward after the suspension of the Roscol Bank in Landshut. 
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The clergy of Wurzburg find small solace as the Grand Duchess is the somewhat temperate, analytical Eleanor. 
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to shift trade to the west, although the canal provides new alternatives, and within a few months a few small expeditions explore the Red Sea, traveling as far south as Socotra. This expands interest in restoring trade with India, long since shut down since the Empire entered its dark times. The Empire accepts the trade offer of Muscovy. Carlo de Patra, now a distinguished student at the University of Constantinople, has compiled a wide variety of analytical research and conclusions. Fascinated with the material world, de Patra has explored each individual element over the last few years. Seeking to expand human understanding of these primordial elements, de Patra creates inventions related to each element to further their use in the real world. Now concerned with other elements like water and fire, de Patra creates more inventions that allow humans to harness such elements or better experience them. To this end, de Patra creates inventions like a diving suit, and functioning fire siphons. He also writes down a bunch of observations and laws regarding the function and movement of water and other liquids, like Greek Fire. This is only Part Two of Three of the de Patra trilogy. Stay tuned. The Emperor Michael IX, now with only one heir, becomes concerned at the fate of the Empire, as he is getting old and weak and his son Thomas isn't even married. The Patriarch of Constantinople does not understand fully why the religious of Pskov want to break off of the Muscovy branch, as there seems to be little justification and the unification of the churches should make such needs obsolete. He suggests that the people of Pskov write back to him explaining the reason behind this.
    • Albania: The nation continues to expand and train the national military. Matchlock weapons continue to trickle into the army.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The disease continues killing many. The king attempts to avoid such an event but it fails only spreading it harder in regions of Basel, Lorraine and Burgundy - as well as in Sardinia where it kills hundreds without any seeming cause. The death toll reaches a half million since the start and many corpses accumulate throughout the domains, impelling the need for a better way to avoid the kingdom and bringing many to doubt the king's might on the French monarchic lands. This is even more acute in regions like Sardinia far from the central government. la marche vassalage begins. The vassalage of Limoges finished last turn. While this, Nevers vassalage begins as well.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up. Economy expands. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Albret: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Nemour: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Guyenne: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. Some begin to question the king of France's choices and begin wondering about establishing their own state.
    • Basel: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Aargau: Military and economy are built up. The French presence begins to felt. However, the attempts to establish a pro-Germanic government in order to avoid eventual uprisings, internal vassalization begins as well to fully convince German leadership.
    • Foix: Military and economy are built up.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. The native population drops to 450,000 (from around 750,000 in the region) due mostly to the plague and the war. French nobles begin to arrive due to the relative power void. While this, navy of the French begin docking in Tunis, soon renamed Carthage.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund decides to pursue goals of naval expansion. He opens a dialogue with Alexandria over allowing the nation access to the canal so the nation can go exploring and discover new lands. It also enquires with Venice on if they want any assistance but get no reply. Hungary and all its vassals and puppet states and nations in union expand economically and their armed forces. Road construction and infrastructure is also worked on.
  • Rumania: Mircea II, now 26, works of improving internal trade. The newly organized Moralist Orthodox Church of Rumania and its Bulgarian counterpart become established in Rumania. After much debate the terms are established; tenets of the Orthodox Church are not violated. However, several of its practices are deemed invalid and removed. The many abandoned mines, shipyards, and mills reopen and several trade ships are launched. The printing press continues to spread across Rumania. Print expands rapidly as boyars demand books and text so as to appear powerful and influential. Hundreds of printing operations are founded in almost every major town or city. Radu, aged by wars and having sustained several injuries, succumbs to a cold in his sleep. The nation mourns the passing of Radu the Expander. Hundreds attend his funeral to pay their respects to the man who increased the size of his nation tremendously.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria:The economy rebounds after the plague. The printing press spreads south into Bulgaria just as in Rumania. Many shipyards boom in Varna.
  • In Sanafah, the Chief, reflecting his strong support of the Christian faith, adopts a Spanish name, Andrés, which greatly upsets Bakr III who begins to gather support amongst radical Muslim factions that are spotted throughout the nation. The Council of Elders tries extremely hard to maintain order between the two heads of state but are failing more and more often. Andrés attempts to speed up the process of integrating Sakalava, and the planned date is moved forward to next year. Spanish, in addition to Latinized Malagasy are both on the rise. Spanish now replaces Swahili and Arabic as the second most spoken language in Sanafah. The Christianization of the island is extremely pervasive. Population, trade and standard of living all continue to increase rapidly as new technologies are introduced. Work on a caravel in Mahjanga nears completion and Chief Andrés mans the ship with a staff of all Christians in a move that is seen to be the first government sanctioned discrimination based on religion. Sakalava is planning to be united with Sanafah proper in the creation of the Empire of Sakalava, planned for late next year. The Comoros, now in personal union, continue to struggle between Christian and Muslim factions and identities. With the hostilities on the mainland, emphasis continues to be cultural. Betsileo also continues to experience Christian conversions. Economic turn.
    • Sofala continues to experience widespread Latinization and conversion to the Christianity brought by the constant flow of Spanish ships. Toamisina also experiences frequent conversions to Christianity.
  • Oyo Empire: The expansion of the navy continues in Oyo, with the fleet gaining additional ships in the form of three yanyan and one nlanla. The military, economy and infrastructure are expanded, with most of the development taking place near the border with the Akan. The colony of São Tomé (I'm using the OTL name because I'm too lazy to name the island myself) is expanded by 250 km, effectively placing a third of the island under the control of the Oyo colonial government. The development of cannon and firearms continues at a steady pace, with the one-to-five gun quota for the military slowly but surely reaching its goal. The empire also expands the paved roadways of the empire to a considerable size in light of a recent census. The census, though late, reveals a total population of 8,981,462 subjects, a slow recovery from the violent and aggressive plague which ravaged the world several years ago.
    • Benin: Benin expands its military, economy and infrastructure, as well as adding additional ships to its new navy. In light of the navy's formation, Benin and Oyo come to terms on a settlement regarding the nearby island of Príncipe, which the imperial government in Oyo-Ile has agreed to permit Benin to colonize. Thus, Príncipe is colonized by Benin and expanded by 25 km.
    • Mali: Mali expands its military, economy and infrastructure, and receives permission from the imperial Oyo government to re-establish its military force after neighboring Songhai launched several raiding parties into Malian territory. 5000 men and 1250 cavalry are raised by the new military to safeguard nation against foreign aggression by Songhai and their Akan allies to the south.

1482

Michael von Truchseß Wetzhausen, an imperial knight who saw action in the Prussian military and in the Swabian War, is appointed as Balthasar’s right-hand man. While investigating the attempt on Archbishop Rudolph’s life, they uncover several barrels of gunpowder in Cologne Cathedral, which leads them to Hans Hendriks, a minor lord and Dutch reformist. While attempting to apprehend Hendriks he escapes and raises his banner in revolt, beginning the War of the Gunpowder Usurper.

ughhhhh ...

"Batman" Balthazar? 

Might want to read some previous events. The Batman storyline has been playing out over the last few turns. 

We need someone to build Gotham. -Sky

How about no?

Lighten up. The Gotham idea was probably a joke.

Yeah. OR MAYBE ... "New Capital of the UNC: Gotham"...

Having been defeated at Padua by Stephano “the Brave” the previous year, the Venetians sign a treaty ending their invasion of Milan.

Can we have some Asia mod events?

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers continue to explore the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, shipwrights start to fuse and modify aspects of ships that are known to operate around the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, in order to develop larger ocean-going ships. Meanwhile, Urraca gives birth to a girl, who is named Maria.
  • |onte expands 50 km north as the young energetic Mon leads the |on northward, along the coast. Mon's favourite wife, !anfan gives birth to Mon II. Being found by Spain, |onte offers her captured prisoners as slaves from neighbouring tribes in exchange for muskets, and a supply of water for making the land more fertile.
    • ???????
  • Prussia: The Prussians begin to develop their military. The Prussians begin the construction of a new Prussian navy.
    • Courland: The Curonians also continue developing their military.
    • Ossel-Wiek: Ossel-Wiek also continues developing their military. Duke Franz continues to reshape the face of Arenburg.
  • Hamburg-Mecklenburg: The economy booms as the undercut of the

Øresund

proves profitable. For the success of the economy, Hamburg changes its currency, a new type called the Hamburg Mark. It is pegged to the ducat of Venice, its largest trade partner. The military expands as new technology is introduced. Ludwig Veit proposes his wheellock firearm design, though many in the army are skeptical. Veit keeps pushing it, and is promised the military will experiment with it. He also continues drawing complex contraptions, though they begin taking a more military approach.
    • Magdeburg: Economy expanded.
  • Guaymi:  The stress of running a nation has become overwhelming to the Emperor and rumors fly through the nation that he is disillusioned and falling apart mentally. The first hint came when the beloved Emperor desired a shovel to be crafted that could stretch from the Outpost of Dlalalalaland to Mununi in order to connect the two major water sources, creating the Guaymi Canal. The citizens not knowing what to do decide to help the mentally unstable emperor and begin working on such a shovel, but seriously doubting his authority.
  • Please don't even attempt to make a canal. That's so far out of anyone's league right now it's not even funny. -Feud
  • Mapuche: Xoryas dies of a sudden illness. The news spreads throughout the Mapuche lands, quickly reaching nearly all of the villages due to the roads and the increasingly connected economy and culture.  In his honor, the elders of his village rename it "Xoryan."  Xoryan is one of the larger villages and, due to its significance to the War Band and Xoryas himself, has become somewhat of a tourist attraction. A new leader of the War Band is selected. There are 35,000 Mapuche in the territory.
    • In regards to my population:  I was originally doing 10% growth per year, which is admittedly unrealistic. However, since my original population of 17,000 was just a guess as to how many people there were and I wish to have a sizable nation within a reasonable timeframe, I'm going to say that I started off with a higher number, currently have 35,000 people, and will grow at 3% per year.      
  • Alexandria: Trade continues to increase as the ports are re-established. Merchants complain of safety in the Somali lands. In response, Alexandria wastes no time in sending 5000 of their own troops and the merchants raise 3000 mercenaries (goal to take small enclaves out to ensure safe trade). More people are converted to Coptic Christianity due to the See of Saint Mark's presence, including those of the True Faith, the Christian region of Alexandria is nowhere near as harmed as the Islamic region by the plague (due to better living conditions), leaving many Muslims to reconsider their faith. Resources are sent to Aiguptia to maintain and protect the canal as that process continues and workers are encouraged to go seek out this opportunity. The economy stumbles as trade safety is questioned in East Africa. Christians in North African nations are invited to immigrate to Alexandria . Missionaries and dignitaries remain in the Nubia region hoping to convert and influence some of the Nile cities (Turn Eleven). The land acquired from Yemen by the Red Sea continues to see a port town established for sailors and merchants to rest before going into the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean, there is a medium increase in population as more people look to get into the trade business and travel from Castile requires a stop for their sailors. Officials finally catch up to immigration but do not anticipate the amount of immigrants for this year as well. In the province of Judea soldiers are to protect both Christian, Islamic and Jewish pilgrimages. Taxes are not like those in Alexandria where they favor Christians, but rather equal for all three of these religions. Small amounts of conversions take place mainly converting Christians and Muslims to Coptic Christianity. The region of Egypt completes consolidation into the kingdom and divided into provinces. Despite this consolidation a small number of revolts take place in the province of Thebes (South Nile Valley) by Muslims. Alexandria sends in troops to the south to calm the revolt. Missionaries are also sent in to do some potentially forceful conversions. Carlos tactics are immediately implemented quelling all thoughts of Islamic revolts for the time being. However, there is a cost, over 500 mulsims died in demonstrations. The province's government is replaced by Girgorios with someone who is willing to meet and work with the Imams of the provence. Katrina thanks husband Ferdinand for help in dealing with the issues, specifically asking for Carlos's help. Alexandria works extensively on its navy as it wishes to further explore the deepest reaches of the Great Eastern Sea (OTL Indian Ocean). The Alexandria expedition arrives at  the Bengali Sultante. Crown Prince Kyriacos is betrothed to Milan's own Anastasia. Grigorios proposed a reconstructed lighthouse on the cite of the citadel. Conflict turn.
    • Aiguptia: Continues to stabilize the nation. Engineers, cartographers and philosophers from all trade partners are offered jobs to work on expanding the Philadelphi Canal to take on present day cogs, treasure fleets and other ships. At many points ships can pass freely using two separate canals or wide manmade lakes. However, there are still flows to be worked out, and portions to be widened, although the work becomes minimal. Citizens and people in the surrounding regions and province are converted to Coptic Christianity. Missionaries continue to convert people, especially in Cairo. Cairo also attracts many in anticipation of the canal. The city at the crossing point of the canal OTL Zagazig, begins to be filled by merchants and people looking to get involved in the trade industry, but becomes known for poorer living conditions and being put at risk for the plague. Military learns as they progress in the war. Missionaries and organizers are sent to Nubia region to assist in building a kingdom there. Mercenaries are raised to assit the Alexandrian merchants in their conflict for safe trade. Aiguptia expands 50 px into the Sinai Peninsula.
    • believe that the lighthouse was already semi-reconstructed and I know that the Library of Alexandria and a major university are all located in Alexandria. Thought I could help, ~Rex
    • The Hungarians, as per their treaty with Alexandria, pledge to send 3000 soldiers to help Alexandria combat the pirates and ensure the safety of the waters for future traders and ships in the region. These men will arrive along with the exploration fleet which has been dispatched by Hungary to explore the lands to the east.
  • County of Oldenburg: The economy improves this year, with a bumper whaling and sealing profit, as well as the banks posting above-average profits.
    • Prince-Bishop of Osnabruck: The Prince-Bishop's bank is going well, attracting an increasing number of customers. The Order of the Seraphim is given a new priory in the countryside. 
  • Rumania: Mircea II, now 27, works of improving internal trade. The newly organized Moralist Orthodox Church of Rumania and its Bulgarian counterpart become established in Rumania. The many abandoned mines, shipyards, and mills reopen and several trade ships are launched. The printing press continues to spread across Rumania. A new currency is created, the Rumanian Lue. Each Lue is pegged to the stavraton, consisting of a similar weight in gold. The ducat is still accepted. However with Venice defeated, its use is discouraged. Print expands rapidly as boyars demand books and text so as to appear powerful and influential. Hundreds of printing operations are founded in almost every major town or city. Glorious news spreads across Rumania Mircea and his Wife Lucrezia have their first child his name is Stefan.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: The economy continues to grow. The printing press spreads south into Bulgaria just as in Rumania. Caravels begin to be produced in the shipyards of Varna.
  • China: Continues integrating the annexed lands of Inner Mongolia and the process of taming the horse lords of the north. To the south, relations with the Tran Dynasty in Vietnam are improved while Lao Xing and the Khmer Empire expand their economies by exporting silk and dried tea into South East Asia. China continues aggressively asserting pressure on the remaining Taiwanese states to join Tainan in a unifed nation. Tainan expands into the mountains of Taiwan encountering stiff resistance but pressing through the highest mountain passes this year, isolating the remaining Taiwanese states of Hualian and Xitun. The Haixi Jurchens and Mongol Khanate work with Korea to develop their economies and trade network which is based on exporting horses and minerals to China and Southern Asia. The Chinese lands in Japan work on integration and stability whilst China itself develops its shipyards with naval engineers planning to build ships that are smaller and more maneuverable. Annoyed by the nerve of the Japanese Emperor to oppose Chinese intervention in Japan, the court eunuchs of China secretly draft plans to claim the Chrysanthum Throne via dynastical ties with the Japanese monarchy. The trade pact with the Southern Chagtai Khanate is agreed to with wagonloads of silk and tea on their way through the Silk Road. Lanxhou's economy is bolstered and there is talk within the imperial circles of establishing it as a secondary capital much like Yan (Beijing).
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite does its job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. We continue to help finance the Plutocratic State of Jaunpur, Delhi Sultanate and Bahamani Sultanate by sending gifts directly to the nobles/sultans, offering loans from powerful trade bankers, and decreasing the trade taxes over all of Bengal, allowing more of our merchant goods to travel into those states. We also raise a portion of the Sultan's personal levy and then divide it out to be sent to the states leaders, so that they can do with them what they wish in order to maintain order in their nation. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase is scholars and literacy in our nation. Due to the removal of trade barriers between a majority of states in the Indian League, their merchants and ours begin to travel with increased mobility and goods, thereby increasing the trade income and output in the agreeing nations. With the plague being considered a far less threat now than it previously was, restrictions on trade and laws on inheritance/assests are changed to pre-plague laws. Due to the return to a high volume of trade after managing to work with a far smaller volume during the plague, investments by landed elites into expansion of their plantations, mines and levies increase exponentially. The Sultan continues to receive reports of traders in Ava being arrested and imprisoned and begins to contemplate taking action.
    • '​'Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslim settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom passes away and his son inherits the Kingdom from his father.
  • Kingdom of Gwalior: The winter had passed and Gwalior had been able to sufficiently feed its people. Trade had already begun between The Kingdom of Gwalior and its neighbors with Gwalior exporting Iron Ore in exchange for weapons; this gave a boost to Gwalior's economy. Developments in the artillery had resulted in the Gwaliori Army acquiring the Field Artillery which was then quickly divided amongst the Gwalior Defense Forces and the Gwalior Offense Forces adding yet another weapon to their arsenal. The GDF were then quickly deployed to a series of strategic positions throughout the mountainous region of Gwalior to bomb any incoming army using the Field Artillery.
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of them. We buy more books from China. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We begin building up our military and create even tougher practices. After ramping up military for a long time, we slowly move our powerful army next to Mongol Khanate. Our artisans built a defensive cart armed with cannons.
    • China asks the Oirats to move away from the Mongol Khanate which is currently a Chinese vassal.
    • Gwaliori Envoy: The envoy from the Kingdom of Gwalior informs the Oirats that Raja Vikram of Gwalior would like to import the Oirat Muskets and in exchange for iron ore. If possible, Musketeers too should be sent to train the Gwaliori Army and these Musketeers would be paid.
  • Mughal Empire: Mirza once more asks for a marriage with one of the Jaisalmer's ruler's daughters. (mod response). Although he renounces any possible future claims to the land due to the Treaty of Delhi. Due to the integration of the less populous numerous minor nobles families rise to higher status whilst a part of the more powerful nobility is migrated to Chagatai, in order to help integrate it. Because of the new circumstances new roads are being built and old ones are being renewed as well as the expansion of sea routes (Infra Turn).
  • Jaisalmer refuses (I RNG'ed it sorry)
  • Cuzco: The Cuzcan army moves into Qullasuyu, violently putting down the rebellion. Military and infrastructure improve. Population hits roughly 145,000.
    • Wanka: Economy and Infrastructure improve. Plans to develop a regional capital begins.
    • Qullasuyu: With the rebellion put down, the region begins to stabilize. Plans to develop a regional capital begin, placing the location at the southern most point of Lake Titticaca.
  • Fusahito Theocracy: Vassalisation of the Toki state continues Turn Five of Six. Religion continues to be centralised, with most of the population now adhering to Imperial Shinto and believing in the divinity of the Emperor. In the meantime, the Emperor continues to expand the newly created Imperial Army, with it reaching a standing level of 6000 men. Although this is quite small, any major war would involve the support of the armies of the semi-autonomous lords in the area, effectively doubling this number.
  • The Kingdoms of Great Albion (Scotland and England) - member nation of the UKGA: The Navy is expanded further with the integration of the Scottish and Breton fleets. The number now stands at 440 ships total. Port Edmundburg continues to experience a growth in population. Albionic settlers continue to explore the surrounding areas. The Albionic Royal Navy begins better mapping Africa for the Crown. After decades of cultural merging, a new, Celto-Germanic culture finally begins to take firmer root. The English language has grown in official use and now royal documents, previously in Latin, are now translated into English. Troops that fought in the Pan-Hispania Wars return home and facilitate a minor baby boom. These experienced soldiers now train the army and navy commanders in advanced battle tactics. All ships passing through the channel are monitored for any signs of infection. The new dialect of English found in Eire has spread to Wales and Scotland. English nobles begin to enjoy the Celtic myths of Eire and Scotland. Port Edmundburg is declared a crown colony (OTL Sierra Leone) after decades as a profitable trade outpost. Expansion is planned next year to accommodate the growing population. A new city in the south of England begins to grow. The city's name is Gotham.
    • Brittany: Brittany is officially placed under Albionic influence. The military and navy are expanded.
    • Calais: Military and navy are expanded.
    • Dublin: Dublin undergoes another remodel and expansion to the ports due to the massive influx of trade from Castile and Venice as well as an increased Eire trade.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. Pan Albion sentiments grow, Trade increases.
    • Wales: Wales expands its military and navy. Cardiff becomes a large centre of trade for Wales. The Welsh appoint Adam Cyrdger as Royal Minister. The first sessions of parliament are held. Wales does not see as large a population boom as Albion or Scotland, but a minor one, centered around Cardiff and Swansea, does occur.
  • Eire: Eire, having built up trade and infrastructure across the nation for years is in the process of becoming a modern European nation. Clans still remain. However, much of the new growth of the nation is in the new trade ports on the coast, settled by the Norse, or the towns at the hubs of the new roads. Indeed, many of the small towns from 50 years ago are unrecognizable compared to today. Eire seeks to show its power, and we invite monarchs from across Europe to tour the new nation. The military of Eire continues to be modernized. After years of friendship with Albion, a strange new dialect begins to emerge in coastal trade settlements. As the language divide in Albion has ended, and English becomes the tongue of all, traders from England and Eire begin to swap words in the trade settlements on the Irish Sea. The dialect, however, has not seen wide use outside of those settlements. We find that keeping the Southern Europeans away from our ports, who often carry diseases, helps us prevent the spread of the strange new plague. Our vessels continue to explore and trade with our northern neighbors, however, such as Scandinavia and some of the German states that are not affected. We allow Roman Catholic churches to spring up again, after the reunification of the churches, and many reactionary Eire-folk take advantage of it, having practiced their services in secret. Tales of Celtic myths continue to become popular amongst the nobles, and old aspects of pre-Norman Hiberno-Roman culture begin to be rediscovered. Copy for Bfox.
  • Zapotec: Tlaco II expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco II orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Trade with the Aztecs commences after years of stagnation under Tlaco I.
  • Hesse: We begin getting a part of the whale harvesting increase with Oldenburg, and Neu Lippe continues to grow under Hermann IV. Heinrich III continues to plan to take over the Grand Duchy. Parades occur in the streets, where the new victory song is played as Hessian troops march around, celebrating the victory of Hesse over Prussia. We begin trying to repair relations with the revolting states and Saxony.
  • Ethiopia: We build up our military and navy. The navy builds more ships for trade. Many churches are still continuing to be built. We use the Nile river to trade with our allies Alexandria. Agriculture is our biggest industry in the country besides trade. We expand our nation's southern borders 15 px south. The wall and outposts around the capital city are still in the process of being built. Our nation expands our northern borders 15 px north into the disorganized territory. We ask Alexandria for an NAP with them. The king asks the local people to make a national song for our country. We expand our eastern borader 15 px east. The reason for going east is to get to the Indian Ocean and to get coastal lands. 
  • Sultanate of Oman: After the death of the sultan, Haram al-Teral takes power. He begins to expand the merchant trade fleet in the port towns of Muscat, Barka and Sohar. He personally requests for the ships to be designed with the ability to be converted for military use if the situation arises. New roads are layed down to link the capital of Muscat to Sur in the east and the great fort at Nizwa, as well as providing better access to the spice ports all along the coast. Trade missions are sent out to seek new trade opportunities, particularly with European nations. More ships are sent to Banda Islands to tap a new spice called nutmeg, unknown to the world until now.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy has massively swelled with thanks to the creation of the Spanish confederation and the addition of Aragon's trade and military fleet at Castile's disposal. Castile, as leader of the Spanish confederation, begins a series of economic and military reforms on all the kingdoms in order to expand all the local economies and militaries and centralize the confederation's economies in general. Castile at this point has explored farther down Africa establishing multiple trade posts along the way and reaching a point where the sea rounds the continent. However, the failure of supplies has led to this exploration fleet having to turn back. Castile has begun the development of a series of new ships meant to replace some of the aging designs and add some new innovations. The Castilian navy begins to replace multiple ships with the new carracks as some of the largest ships in the Castile fleet. The Castilian renaissance with the addition of Aragon's renaissance techniques has exploded significantly and with permission from the monarchy embroiled with organizing the Spanish confederacy and multiple projects the Renaissance has led to a mass amount of art and technological innovation being developed. Castile and its confederacy and vassals has now fully converted to the Western Church with the only exception being Cyprus due to its Orthodox roots and Orthodox leadership which prevents a total conversion. The Castilians begins to suffer issues within heavy trade cities of Gibraltar, and Seville as this disease begins killing many people. Castile regardless of the plague organizes a fleet of 12 ships to go through the canal for trade and exploratory purposes with multiple ships being filled to the brim with supplies and others with trade goods these ships make their first stop in Yemen. Three more unrelated ships push for mapping East Africa using the well established ports to do so pushing toward the Sanafah having much more supplies this time. The Kingdom of Granada is formally integrated into Castile with Ferdinand, now 16, taking more and more responsibility preparing to take the throne next year. King Ferdinand makes an appearance in Granada for his coronation as the King of Castile and Integrated Granada as well as a coronation of his kingship over Aragon fully. Castile expands its horizons on West African trade using a series of local trade posts outside of Oyos control to gain what it needs and prevent Castilian traders from being taken advantage of. With the disease over in Castile for the most part an estimated 700,000 people were killed with many of them being infants earning the plague the name "Infants Bane". However, population is made up significantly with the addition of nearly one million people integrated from Granada bringing Castile's proper population to nearly 7.5 million and slowly growing again thanks to birth rates recovering. Castile also begins a major army reform with multiple guns being remanufactured to be fired a bit faster and not require the stand to shoot from (even though it's still recommended.) Castile expands its trading post in the Cape of Good Hope to allow for more traders as well as housing some hired soldiers to defend from natives and prevent other people from setting up trade outposts. For the first time a ship is based from this trading post in South Africa giving them an escape route as well increased defences. The "Assassins" take up residence as King Ferdinand's right hand man assassinating any influential Muslim leaders in Morocco to keep organization down, their performance is considered spectacular. Ferdinand and Katrina have twins, Ferdinand II and Alexis. Ferdinand expresses desire to have many children.
    • Kingdom of Aragon: The relatively good treatment of Aragon by Castile and the fallacy of actions of the previous king in burning various areas and completely razing Aragon's capital city have forever earned the enmity and hate of most of the Aragonian people, many of which believed they could continue their lives under Castile in a better fashion, with greater access to Castile's vast diplomatic, trade and military power. This, along with common religion and semi-related language, has led to a nearly seamless transition into the personal union. Nobles have been appointed by Prince Carlos of Castile personally who has personally overseen the majority of the war in Aragon which with his expertise, charisma and swaying abilities has led to many supporting his decisions on either side. Carlos himself is appointed the transitional governor of Aragon in order to facilitate a much smoother transition. The Kingdom's navy previously seized is returned to people sympathetic to Castilians and the military navy in particular is given to a series of respected and well known Aragonians loyal to Castile. Aragon's assimilation into Castile cultural base begins due to many nobles now speaking Spanish (Castilian) which shows a notable effect of a few people especially merchants and some developing artisans which are currently able to speak the language proficiently. Aragonians spurred on by Prince Carlos to rebuild Zaragoza continue the work needed to rebuild the city and the various burned towns surrounding the city with the city being moderately repaired. For the time being, however, the capital of Aragon proper is migrated to Valencia. With Castilian assistance various infrastructural areas are rebuilt and the military is expanded to a token force of 5000. Along with this support the Aragonian economy recovers slowly with a slow but controlled influx of Castilian economic aid helping Aragon recover. The Aragonian Navy is allowed by Castile to move toward settlements in the Canaries down into Capo Verde, and according to Castilian trade agreements docks in Oyo for trade nearly doubling their previous range. This is pushed down further pushing underneath Oyo farther down the coast using Castilian trade posts to explore. The ruling magistrate over Aragon signs a landmark trade deal with Castile which allows for Aragon's usage of Castile's large amounts of trade posts down the coast of Africa.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: The King of Cyprus is now King Alexander of Cyprus. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller west to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. The Kingdom of Cyprus due to the recent issues in Castile reluctantly recognizes Carlos and his Regency for Prince Ferdinand. Cyprus itself with its fleet of nearly 100 ships begins to take after the Venetian example with trade and begins to put Cypriot merchant ships into state possession for trade in order to help with the kingdom's finances and heavy trade. This show immediate results as a relative increase in funding and attention to trade between Castile and her allies begins to improve the quality of trade. Cyprus shows many casualties from the disease due to its trade hub situation. Cyprus sends about 1000 knights to Alexandria for her crusade.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area. The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable number of Castilians settle the area. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom with many canals having been completed has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population reaches nearly 650,000 with Christianity becoming dominant in the area. Calne-Vicuna is finished and is opened as an center for Christianity in North Africa with a library said to rival old Alexandria's.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. With the King also adopts the name John, in favor of the king who began these exploratory operations down the coast of Africa. The King also organized a band of Christian soldiers who help keep the peace who also begin to help with conversions to Christianity as a series of missionaries and high level priests from the Western Church have come on a ship hearing of many pagans and heretics to convert. The King makes multiple successful campaigns against various of the petty kings in Kongo killing two of them and leaving the third on the run. The Christianization of multiple areas is completed and multiple others are begun. The Kongolese military is armed for the first time with guns which shock the remaining petty king of Kongo which surrenders immediately giving control of the entirety of the kingdom for the first time in its history. King John of the Kongo (he adopted the name remember) prepares a census of its population to get relative numbers of the population.
  • Ayutthaya: Finishes its fast war against the Majapahit, seizing vast swathes of territory and forcing their king to swear fealty to King Indaraja II. This finally confirms Ayutthaya as the superpower of South-Eastern Asia. Nearly all trade passing through South-Eastern Asia - including a lot going to China and India- now passes through Ayutthayan borders, making the nation ridiculously rich. We sign a military pact with Siak, and a marriage with Sri Vijaya seals our relations, to their eventual annexation. (Diplomacy FTW: I'd like to point out that I've annexed or vassalized just six nations in the last 30 years, with only two wars.) Our trading fleets go farther and farther, and the giant printing presses within the cities are exapanded. We swiftly deal with the Majapahitan schism, annexing their west to Ayutthaya, along with the now annexed Sri Vijayah. The remainder is made a vassal. The first Ayutthayan ships land in Northern Australia. However, discovering only desert, they turn back. We continue to expand relations with Sanafah, China and Bengal. Interfaith relations continue well.
  • The Tartary: develops its military. The population, for the first time since the death of Khan Temür, beginst to grow. Theodore's first son is born in late October, and he is named Alexander.
    • In Perm, the economy begins to grow as the plague finally burns itself out for the most part.
    • In Adyghea, the population continues to suffer from the plague.
    • In Azov, the economy once again begins growing, with the first grain exports starting this year.
    • In Kazakhstan, more tribes are killed by the government.
  • Netherlands:  Exploration along the Eastern coast of Africa begins as individuals look to get the rewards offered by Maurice I. Maurice, himself, continues preparing for the major expedition east. The economy continues to recover and expand as more and more merchants go through the ports of the Netherlands and more Dutch traders do business throughout Europe. Maurice, himself, prepares for a trip to Alexandria to see the wonders of Asia Minor, and to finalize the treaty to access the canal. He along with the court continue to look for a bride for him to continue the bloodline and maintain the throne. Cultural growth begins once more as the aftereffects of the plague start to fall away. The borders south and east are opened again. More and more Wallon thinkers become active in the courts and academic circles of the Netherlands and their goods become increasingly prominent. French and Wallon culture is starting to regain importance due to this. The Hague also grows in importance as the administrative centre of the Netherlands while Brussels remains the cultural centre and Amsterdam, the economic centre. Naval expansion continues.
    • The Hungarian King Sigismund offers his youngest sister - who is 19 and willing for marriage to Maurice I. He hopes not only will this help relations to improve and closen, it will help one of the oldest Hungarian allies of the century continue into stability.
  • Caucasian Confederation: The Caucasian economies continue expanding, as the growing security of commerce pays significant dividends to the shareholders of the various merchant concerns bankrolling the Georgian fleet and the Armenian-Assyrian caravan routes. Alexsaportu continues to grow, as the long-awaited completion of aqueducts running from the Zagros to the city ensures a steady water supply year-round. Eight years remain before the city is fully developed, but ambitious merchants and nobles alike are already dreaming of Indian riches; the first cursory expeditions have sailed past the Straits of Hormuz, reaching as far as Chabahar on the Gulf of Oman before turning back. Scattered reports suggest that the mythical lands of Prester John lie just beyond, and the aging Mepe Boris develops a keen interest in accessing these hopefully-Christian territories.
    • Kingdom of GeorgiaMepe Boris continues integrating Amier-Kavkasia into Georgia, and  the integration of the Principality is expected to take eight more years. The construction techniques pioneered at Alexsaportu also assist the development of Amier-Kavkasia, with aqueducts connecting the springs of the mountains to the slowly growing cities of the region. Lead poisoning remains a major concern, and many Kavkasian chiefs blame this 'foreign innovation' for the rising tide of illnesses that has plagued the region over the past decade.
    • Principality of Rani: The gradual, bloody conversion of the Azeris to Orthodoxy continues; of the 300,000 Azeris, some 78,000 (26%) now profess Christianity in some form or another. Immigration from the ravaged nation of Azerbaijan slows conversion somewhat - the new arrivals are highly skeptical about the Orthodox faith - but as Ranite Muslims are required to pay taxes to practice their religion, many of the poorer immigrants are forced to choose between apostasy or tax evasion - both of which tend to result in death. 
  • Alyeskan Khaganate: The Alyeskan Khaganate continues expanding its control over the coast immediately adjacent to its territories. The Nuchaanulth continue to be influenced (Turn One of Nine), gaining the Koryaks greater control over the northern reaches of Kwakiutl Island. As ship designs improve, ships become faster and more powerful which expands the economy. 
  • Haida: The Haida keep converting to Shinto. About 35,000 are now Shintoists, increasing Koryak power. Many raiders adopt iron, expanding the military.
  • ’’’Milan:’’’ Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. Our turn is dedicated to military in both our nation and our vassals. We grow closer to Padua, having successfully liberated their city, and the hero of the liberation, Stephano the Brave, begins seeking a wife. Many begin to call for a possible counterattack into Venice to end their clashes with Milan once and for all, and possible plans are created.
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows, increasing our military capabilities in case of war. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. The recent classes of Koch ships are being manufactured in Novgorod. The town of St Patriksburg’s population grows a bit more that last year. As the construction of the town improves, the Kremlin finishes, trade becoming more in demand, the town gains slightly. Because of the trade road built with Tver our economy increases. After seeing a great success with the private schools in the cities of Novgorod, St Patriksburg, Staraya Russa, and Nizhny Novgorod. We start building another private school in Rostov and Yaroslavl. We complete building private schools in Torzhok and a private school in Staraya Ladoga. We dedicate this turn to military. We continue to establish ties with our allies Muscovy and Pskov. We answer the requests from Pskov and close borders to non-Russian nations and institute quarantine to try to stop the plague.
    • Tver: We complete the construction of the private school in Tver and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Yaroslavl, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Yaroslavl: We complete the construction of the private school in Yaroslavl and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Rostov: We completed the construction of the private school in Rostov and start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Yaroslavl, Muscovy. We dedicate this turn to military.
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Grand Duchess Eleanor and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1482 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1482, Eleanor commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The market center in Landshut continues to attract Bavarian and Venetian traders. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Eleanor ends her predecessor's policies of advancing Sedevanticism in the government. As the new Grand Duchess, Eleanor continues to vet and interrogate most of the powerful nobles of Bavaria. To work more efficiently, she appoints Vallerio Volpe as her spymaster. By the end of the year, Eleanor hosts a more developed middle class in Trausnitz than her numerous predecessors had. This earns her the sobriquet "The Middling Queen" to flavor the already popular "Merchant Queen" title. In other news, Eleanor continues to develop her cousin's seemingly successful administrative policies. Court physicians continue to bathe in religious ceremonies, hoping to appease God. In national news, the common courts continue to be implemented around Bavaria as several of the lower class make use it of. The serf laws begin to be used as well. While not extremely active, as many as three dozen serfs earn their freedom by the end of the year. Many freed serfs find work and home in the cities, while others continue to informally live on their lords' lands.
    • Munchen: By 1482, the total class of Queen Isabell University amounts to about 3410 men. Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. 
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The clergy of Wurzburg find small solace as the Grand Duchess is the somewhat temperate, analytical Eleanor. 
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: The nation of Muscovy begins trading along routes routing through the nation of Novgorod and its vassals, and the nation of Pskov. Money collected through trade and taxation is saved this year in the Muscovite treasury in case of an emergency. Trade routes are established between the nations of Poland, Hungary, Rumania, and the Roman Empire, and we promote friendly relations with all these nations. We become closer to Novgorod through trade, relying on Novgorod for safe land routes into our northern territory. Districts of our cities affected by the plague are quarantined and we make our best efforts to prevent the spread of the disease further. We stress that despite past relations being somewhat turbulent, the nations of the Ukraine are our friends, and we hope to improve relations in the future. The easternmost independent nation enters into a trade agreement with our nation, and we in turn begin vassalizing this region. In case of attack we expand our military, recruiting free levies from our cities to protect local regions of our nation. Pikes and crossbows become common equipment in some units after they begin to be produced locally to outfit local regiments. Bowmen continue to be an essential part of our military to provide support for melee units, with some gunpowder weaponry being used. In major cities, Kremlins are upgraded and outfitted with modern equipment and dedicated garrisons to combat any threat or invasion. The largest Kremlin, located in Moscow, is especially upgraded, with new walls being added that are wider and can hold cannons. Settlement in the north is encouraged, bringing Christian and Russian traditions to the north of our territory and even into northern Siberia, a territory held by the Mongol hordes to the east. By this time much of the population of our northern territory is converted to Christianity, and the fear of Dmitri the Impaler convinces many to remain that way, preventing the spread of unwanted foreign ideals. We hope to improve relations with the Tartary for now, so that our nations can prevent fighting in the future. This turn is officially dedicated to military.
    • Lithuania: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Trade between Moscow, Prussia and other nations helps to amass wealth, which is partially used to finance infrastructural projects and military fortifications.
  • In Sanafah, Chief Andrés and Emir Bakr III get into a massive argument over the integration of Sakalava, which was planned for late this year. Since Sakalava had a much larger Christian than Muslim population, Bakr feared that the addition of Sakalava to the nation would eliminate almost all Muslim control. Therefore, the Council of Elders is forced to make the ruling on whether integration would be permissible. Since the Council is mostly made of Christian chiefs or animistic chiefs who wish to undermine the Muslim control over their homeland, declare that the integration would be acceptable. As such, Andrés sees to the integration of Sakalava and Sanafah into the Empire of Madagasikara. Bakr III, greatly upset, leaves the island altogether and goes to the Comoros, leading many to feel that the delicate balance had been upset. Malagasy is now officially a written language as the entirety of the language has been transcribed into the Latin alphabet. Meanwhile, Spanish continues to rise as an important second language. The caravel from Mahajanga is named the Tiavina, in honor of the late Great Chieftain. Betsileo also continues to experience Christian conversions. Sofala and Toamisina side with Andrés in the ongoing debates and are upset by Bakr's sudden disappearance. Military turn.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to shift trade to the west, although the canal provides new alternatives, and within a few months a few small expeditions explore the Red Sea, traveling as far south as Socotra. This expands interest in restoring trade with India, long since shut down since the Empire entered its dark times. The Empire accepts the trade offer of Muscovy. Carlo de Patra, now a distinguished student at the University of Constantinople, has compiled a wide variety of analytical research and conclusions. Fascinated with the material world, de Patra has explored each individual element over the last few years. Seeking to expand human understanding of these primordial elements, de Patra creates inventions related to each element to further their use in the real world. Now concerned with other elements like water and fire, de Patra creates more inventions that allow humans to harness such elements or better experience them. To this end, de Patra creates inventions like a diving suit, and functioning fire siphons. He also writes down a bunch of observations and laws regarding the function and movement of water and other liquids, like Greek Fire. This is only Part Two of Three of the de Patra trilogy. Stay tuned. The Emperor Michael IX, now with only one heir, becomes concerned at the fate of the Empire, as he is getting old and weak and his son Thomas isn't even married. The Patriarch of Constantinople does not understand fully why the religious of Pskov want to break off of the Muscovy branch, as there seems to be little justification and the unification of the churches should make such needs obsolete. He suggests that the people of Pskov write back to him explaining the reason behind this.
    • Albania: The nation continues to expand and train the national military. Matchlock weapons continue to trickle into the army.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The disease continues killing many. The king attempts to avoid such an event but it fails only spreading it harder in regions of Basel, Lorraine and Burgundy - as well as in Sardinia where it kills hundreds without any seeming cause. The death toll reaches a half million since the start and many corpses accumulate throughout the domains, impelling the need for a better way to avoid the kingdom and bringing many to doubt the king's might on the French monarchic lands. This is even more acute in regions like Sardinia far from the central government. la marche vassalage begins. The vassalage of Limoges finished last turn. While this, Nevers vassalage begins as well.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up. Economy expands. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Albret: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Nemour: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Guyenne: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. Some begin to question the king of France's choices and begin wondering about establishing their own state.
    • Basel: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Aargau: Military and economy are built up. The French presence begins to felt. However, the attempts to establish a pro-Germanic government in order to avoid eventual uprisings, internal vassalization begins as well to fully convince German leadership.
    • Foix: Military and economy are built up.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. The native population drops to 450,000 (from around 750,000 in the region) due mostly to the plague and the war. French nobles begin to arrive due to the relative power void. While this, navy of the French begin docking in Tunis, soon renamed Carthage.
  • Trier: We dedicate this turn to economy, as do our vassals. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne, and Austria and her vassals. To improve infrastructure we begin building several defenses, and roads to link towns across the nation. Fortifications around our capital are improved and updated.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund continues with his goals of gaining access to the canal, with Hungarian diplomats hard at work hammering out the Hungarian terms along with their counterparts from Alexandria. To secure the deal, Sigismund decides to send 3000 men to aid Alexandria with their newest campaign against pirates - which would be beneficial for Hungarian tradesmen in the long run. Sigismund continues his focus on naval expansion, and thus to pursue his goals he raises taxes in the vassals, which have seen the peasants earn much better wages than every before and Sigismund believes by getting a larger share of this he can fund the expansion of the navy to make it into an impressive exploratory power and roam the seas looking for new lands and resources. The first exploratory fleet is gathered - 20 ships strong and full to the brim with supplies and people. These ships will travel down south and aid Alexandria while assisting. These ships soon cross the canal and thus makes Hungarian history as the first of its ships begin the exploratory trek southward. Seeing the allied Dutch Monarch in need of a wife, Sigismund offers his sister for marriage with Maurice I. She is 19 years old and fit to bear the children of Maurice. A response is eagerly awaited. Hungary and all its vassals and puppet states and nations in union expand economically and their armed forces. Road construction and infrastructure is also worked on. Venice is offered support and a chance to improve old trade deals to make them more encompassing. Meanwhile, the first signs of Moralism begin to be seen in the southern parts of Serbia as the new religion enters through Rumania. A small number of preachers begin their attempts at enlightenment of the general population.
  • Pskov gets monies from Muscovy's debts, and improves its economy and the navy also grows, but only as a result of the overflowing cash. The University does very well for itself, attracting students forma round the world. Alexandr Zaytsev continues eastward on his journey on the silk road.
  • Scandinavian Empire: Scandinavia expands its economy as trade with the surrounding friendly nations bolsters the funds of the Scandinavian Empire. More ships are produced to protect Scandinavia's trade routes. Research into better exploration ships is underway yet again. Scandinavia expands by 3500 sq km this year.

1483

After laying siege to Köln for a month in the previous year, an imperial army arrives at the city and disperses the army of Hans Hendriks. His remaining loyal soldiers attempt to flee into the Netherlands through Munster. Hendriks himself is chased on horse by Balthasar the Vespertilio, but narrowly escapes after falling off his horse and being dragged across the ground by the leg.

In Rome, Pope Clement IX dies, and in the subsequent conclave, the Portuguese Jorge da Costa is elected Pope, taking the Papal name of Celestine VIII.

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers continue to explore the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, shipwrights start to fuse and modify aspects of ships that are known to operate around the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, in order to develop larger ocean-going ships.
  • With the arrival of guns, Mon pushes 100 km toward Kunene River, a sources of fresh water, sending the captured men to Castile, in exchange for more firearms and water. This move stabilizes the possibility of growth. Many of the other tribes in the area almost become extinct, as the females give birth to babies from |onteli men, and the men being shipped off, giving |onte dominance in the area. Many of the surrounding tribes have nicknamed the |onteli warriors as "lightning warriors", in reference to the sound their "mystical weapons" make.
    • I'm confused - what state is this?
    • A new Khoisan tribal nation in Northern Namibia, now on the border with Angola. (the Kunene divides the two countries.
  • Guaymi:  After about three days of trying to create a giant shovel the Guaymians realize how perposterous the idea sounds and go back to their normal lifestyle. However, Tiarokwete, in his now confirmed unhinged mental state, spends the entire year digging a one inch deep trail spanning the entire pathway from source to source that connects the two oceans dubbing it Tiaro's Canal. The Guaymians now officially understand he is mentally unstable and decide to ask next year for his step down and for Chief Munushi to take over command until Machete is 16 and can run the nation. The population rises as usual and the economy expands with mining and lumber. The Outpost of Dalalalalaland experiences a very slow population grow and basically relies of the land, with success, waiting to be connected with the mother nation.
  • Hamburg-Mecklenburg: Ludwig Veit impresses Duke Friedrich and the generals with the wheellock, and is granted permission to begin mass producing them. He proposes a new warfare tactic: utilizing cavalry to bypass the main army of an enemy nation, instead harassing supply routes, and picking off small detachments of troops. This, while the main army preses the attack, refusing to stop and rest, disallowing the enemy a chance to re-establish defenses. Veit calls his tactic "blitzkrieg". The economy continues to grow following the Prusso-German war three years ago. Seeing the success of the Oldenburg whaling operations, some begin pushing for routes to Greenland, but are wary due to the claims to it by Scandinavia.
    • Really? You're developing the Blitzkrieg centuries before anyone even thinks of mechanizing? How on Earth is this plausible?
      • Where did I mention mechanizing?
      • He's just giving guerrilla warfare a different name.
    • Magdeburg: Military grows.
    • Oldenburger Diplomacy: Hamburgers are welcome to use the harbour at Dietrichsdorf (our Greenlandic outpost) provided they pay a small administration tax (this may be in for part of the whale/seal catch)
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The disease continues killing many. The king attempts to avoid such an event but it fails only spreading it harder in regions of Basel, Lorraine and Burgundy - as well as in Sardinia where it kills hundreds without any seeming cause. The death toll reaches a half million since the start and many corpses accumulate throughout the domains, impelling the need for a better way to avoid the kingdom and bringing many to doubt the king's might on the French monarchic lands. This is even more acute in regions like Sardinia far from the central government. La Marche vassalage begins. The vassalage of Limoges finished last turn. While this, Nevers vassalage begins as well.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up. Economy expands. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Albret: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Nemour: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Guyenne: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. Some begin to question the king of France's choices and begin wondering about establishing their own state.
    • Basel: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Aargau: Military and economy are built up. The French presence begins to felt. However, the attempts to establish a pro-Germanic government in order to avoid eventual uprisings, internal vassalization begins as well to fully convince German leadership.
    • Foix: Military and economy are built up.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. The native population drops to 450,000 (from around 750,000 in the region) due mostly to the plague and the war. French nobles begin to arrive due to the relative power void. While this, navy of the French begin docking in Tunis, soon renamed Carthage.
  • Kingdom of Gwalior: The small Kingdom at the center of the Indian Subcontinent looked anxiously toward its neighbors, fearing that the Gwalior Defense Forces would certainly fail to halt an attack. The army had already brought developments into the artillery and an envoy had been sent to the Oirats to purchase approximately 5000 Muskets. The new law that had been passed by Raja Vikram stated that all soldiers had to be equipped with an iron body armour and a sword. War Elephants had too been introduced to the GDF who were instructed with training the elephants for war. Meanwhile, Gwalior exported large amount of iron ore to its neighbours who were desperately in need for it and imported wheat, corn, spices etc as well as weaponry. The Kingdom of Gwalior expanded 500 px south into the Deccan, overrunning Nagpur, Gondia, Wardha and Bandara [OTL districts of Maharashtra, India] with ease but suffering a major defeat when the army attempted to invade the Kingdom of Chandrapur [OTL Chandrapur district of Maharashtra]. The newly conquered territory was quickly part of the Kingdom of Gwalior [Did not annex] and re-inforcements were sent to the area once the King confirmed the success of the expedition. Population of Gwalior rises to 125,000 while the Gwaliori Army has a total of 15,000 troops [15,000 equally divided amongst GDF and GOF]
  • No offense bro, I'm guessing you're checking the labeled map, none of the Indian nations is disorganized anymore. -Sky
  • None of this is disorganized, you need an algo for a war, and you can't expand 500 px in a turn. -Feud
  • Scandinavian Empire: Scandinavia expands its military, especially its navy. More ships are produced to protect Scandinavia's trade routes. Research into better exploration ships is underway yet again. Scandinavia expands by 3500 sq km this year. The king offers his beautiful daughter Elsa's hand in marriage to the Roman prince for exclusive trade routes, an alliance, and a research pact.
  • China: Continues integrating the annexed lands of Inner Mongolia and the process of taming the horse lords of the north. To the south, relations with the Tran Dynasty in Vietnam are improved while Lao Xing and the Khmer Empire expand their economies by exporting silk and dried tea into South East Asia. China continues aggressively asserting pressure on the remaining Taiwanese states to join Tainan in a unifed nation. Tainan expands through the mountains of Taiwan filling out the remaining unoccupied areas. Xitun capitulates to Tainanese and Chinese pressure as the immense treasure fleet sails into its territorial waters in a threatening manner and it is annexed into Tainan. The pressure amps up on Hualian. The Haixi Jurchens and Mongol Khanate work with Korea to develop their economies and trade network which is based on exporting horses and minerals to China and Southern Asia. The Chinese lands in Japan work on integration and stability whilst China itself develops its shipyards with naval engineers planning to build ships that are smaller and more maneuverable. The court eunuchs of China continue to iron out their plans. Lanxhou's economy is bolstered and there is talk within the imperial circles of establishing it as a secondary capital much like Yan (Beijing).
  • In the Empire of Madagasikara, Chief Andrés has himself crowned Emperor by Priest Julio Marciano Gabriel, who has since been working on educating a priest class of Malagasy peoples, mostly of Sakalavan origin. Andrés advocates to the many Muslims left on Madagasikara to convert to Christianity and embrace a new future, but something of a minor exodus takes place as they leave to go to the Comoros. Andrés, acting at the behest of most of the Council of Elders, places new requirements on what it takes to be a chief of a tribe and one of these requirements is active practice of the Christian faith. The Tiavina goes on its maiden voyage toward the north and reaching as far north as al-Sumal, where they encounter Alexandrian traders. Meanwhile, Julio Marciano Gabriel petitions the leaders of the Christian church to create the Diocese of the Swahili Coast. (Mods/Quashi/Feud/Andrew?) Economic turn.
    • Prior to the coronoation of Andrés as Emperor, his wife the Chieftess of Betsileo is charged with taking Antandroy and Antaisaka under control of the Madagasikara League. She does so by expanding, giving Andrés  control over the entirety of the island of Madagascar. Sofala and Toamisina continue to side with Andrés and many local Muslims openly convert to Christianity in the face of being abandoned by their leader, Bakr III.
    • Madagasikaran Diplomacy: The Tiavina caravel is amazed by their discoveries of Alexandrian traders in al-Sumal and wish to establish formal relations between the two nation.
      • Alexandria Diplomacy: We will establish relations with Madagasikara. 
    • Madagasikaran Diplomacy: In light of the recent religious tensions, Emperor Andrés asks the local Castilian traders to relay his pleas for assistance back to the Spanish King.
  • In the Emirate of the Comoros, Bakr III establishes a sort of "governement in exile." He emphasizes that he is going to return to Madagascar with an army of jihadists, which greatly irritates many paganistic Muslims who closely adhere to the Assafi doctrines of peace. By the end of the year, Bakr has secured the backing of the Emir of Dar es Salaam. He then launches a surprise attack on Mahajanga using the dhow-based naval vessels which had been developed in the Comoros. This attack is repulsed, but not before some damage is done to the Madagasikaran Navy. 
  • Alyeskan Khaganate: The Alyeskan Khaganate continues expanding its control over the coast immediately adjacent to its territories. The Nuchaanulth continue to be influenced (Turn Two of Nine), gaining the Koryaks greater control over the northern reaches of Kwakiutl Island. The navy is expanded. Three huge new ships outfitted with huge crossbows and trebuchets are built, which will act as floating batteries. A dozen medium-sized ships and panokseons are also put under cosntruction. After years of expansion, the navy stands at about 90 ships, plus hundreds owned by private raiders, most of which are small.
    • Haida: The Haida keep converting to Shinto. About 38,000 are now Shintoists of perhaps 105,000 increasing Koryak power. Agriculture expands the economy.
  • Rumania: Mircea II, now 27, orders the construction of a navy for the purpose of defending trade routes to Alexandria and Azov. A dozen new ships are constructed in Constanta, each a moderate 50 feet in length and equipped with 16 small two-pounder cannons. A second princely decree also sets a system of standardization for all military cannons based on the weight of a cast iron cannonball. The newly organized Moralist Orthodox Church of Rumania and its Bulgarian counterpart become established in Rumania. Missionaries preaching Moralist ideals spread into eastern Serbia.The printing press continues to spread across Rumania. Print expands rapidly as boyars demand books and text so as to appear powerful and influential. Hundreds of printing operations are founded in almost every major town or city.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: The economy continues to grow. The printing press spreads south into Bulgaria just as in Rumania.
  • County of Oldenburg: The military is the country's focus this year. Forts are refurbished with the latest cannon, and soldiers are drilled in good pike technique. Knights also practise charging in some sort of formation. The navy adds another small sloop to its collection.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: Opposition to the Bishop's tight rule grows in the towns, where people are used to more democratic (for the time) governance, rather than direct governance by parish priests. The leaders of the movement write letters and organise small marches to oppose the Bishop. Meanwhile, the military is built up, and the Order of the Seraphim puts their new riory to good use.
    • Hamburgian Dip: Hamburg is grateful Oldenburg is willing to allow Hamburg to use its territory. Hamburg is also willing to pay the tax for use.
  • Ethiopia: We build up our military and navy. The navy builds more ships for trade. Many churches are still continuing to be built. We use the Nile River to trade with our allies Alexandria. Agriculture is our biggest industry in the country besides trade. We expand our nation's southern borders 15 px south. The wall and outposts around the capital city are still in the process of being built. Our nation expands our northern borders 15 px north into the disorganized territory. We expand our eastern border 15 px east. The reason for going east is to get to the Indian Ocean and to get coastal lands. Due to a population boom, farmers grow more food for our hungry citizens. The king finally has his first child born and it is a son. His name is Kemba. Orthodox missionaries go into Eritrea to help change their religion of the country. We try our best to influence Eritrea in the Ethiopia way. 
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite does its job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. We continue to help finance the Plutocratic State of Jaunpur, Delhi Sultanate and Bahamani Sultanate by sending gifts directly to the nobles/sultans, offering loans from powerful trade bankers, and decreasing the trade taxes over all of Bengal, allowing more of our merchant goods to travel into those states. We also raise a portion of the Sultan's personal levy and then divide it out to be sent to the states leaders, so that they can do with them what they wish in order to maintain order in their nation. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase is scholars and literacy in our nation. Due to the removal of trade barriers between a majority of states in the Indian League, their merchants and ours begin to travel with increased mobility and goods, thereby increasing the trade income and output in the agreeing nations. With the plague being considered a far less threat now than it previously was, restrictions on trade and laws on inheritance/assests are changed to pre-plague laws. Due to the return to a high volume of trade after managing to work with a far smaller volume during the plague, investments by landed elites into expansion of their plantations, mines and levies increase exponentially. The Sultan continues to receive reports of traders in Ava being arrested and imprisoned and begins to contemplate taking action.
    • '​'Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslim settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom passes away and his son inherits the Kingdom from his father.
  • Prussia: The Prussians begin to develop their military. The Prussians continue to construct their new navy.
    • Courland: The Curonians also continue developing their military.
    • Ossel-Wiek: Ossel-Wiek also continues developing their military. Duke Franz continues to reshape the face of Arenburg.
  • Mayan Empire: The military is expanded, and a profitable trade route is established for other tribes.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy has massively swelled with thanks to the creation of the Spanish confederation and the addition of Aragon's trade and military fleet at Castile's disposal. Castile, as leader of the Spanish confederation, begins a series of economic and military reforms on all the kingdoms in order to expand all the local economies and militaries and centralize the confederation's economies in general. Castile at this point has explored farther down Africa establishing multiple trade posts along the way and reaching a point where the sea rounds the continent. However, the failure of supplies has led to this exploration fleet having to turn back. Castile has begun the development of a series of new ships meant to replace some of the aging designs and add some new innovations. The Castilian navy begins to replace multiple ships with the new carracks as some of the largest ships in the Castile fleet. The Castilian renaissance with the addition of Aragon's renaissance techniques has exploded significantly and with permission from the monarchy embroiled with organizing the Spanish confederacy and multiple projects the Renaissance has led to a mass amount of art and technological innovation being developed. Castile and its confederacy and vassals has now fully converted to the Western Church with the only exception being Cyprus due to its Orthodox roots and Orthodox leadership which prevents a total conversion. The Castilians begins to suffer issues within heavy trade cities of Gibraltar, and Seville as this disease begins killing many people. Castile regardless of the plague organizes a fleet of 12 ships to go through the canal for trade and exploratory purposes with multiple ships being filled to the brim with supplies and others with trade goods these ships make their first stop in Yemen. Three more unrelated ships push for mapping East Africa using the well established ports to do so pushing toward the Sanafah having much more supplies this time. The Kingdom of Granada is formally integrated into Castile with Ferdinand, now 16, taking more and more responsibility preparing to take the throne next year. King Ferdinand makes an appearance in Granada for his coronation as the King of Castile and Integrated Granada as well as a coronation of his kingship over Aragon fully. Castile expands its horizons on West African trade using a series of local trade posts outside of Oyos control to gain what it needs and prevent Castilian traders from being taken advantage of. With the disease over in Castile for the most part an estimated 700,000 people were killed with many of them being infants earning the plague the name "Infants Bane". However, population is made up significantly with the addition of nearly one million people integrated from Granada bringing Castile's proper population to nearly 7.5 million and slowly growing again thanks to birth rates recovering. Castile also begins a major army reform with multiple guns being remanufactured to be fired a bit faster and not require the stand to shoot from (even though it's still recommended.) Castile expands its trading post in the Cape of Good Hope to allow for more traders as well as housing some hired soldiers to defend from natives and prevent other people from setting up trade outposts. For the first time a ship is based from this trading post in South Africa giving them an escape route as well increased defences. The "Assassins" take up residence as King Ferdinand's right hand man assassinating any influential Muslim leaders in Morocco to keep organization down, their performance is considered spectacular. Ferdinand and Katrina have another child named Charles adding to Ferdinand and Alexis both now aged 2. Castile now with raw meterials coming in from the Kongo and lucrative spice trade coming in from India begins to look toward a more overseas type of economic and territorial expansion beginning to invest more into trade posts and other areas. This leads to an increased amount of traders starting to push toward expanding trade posts and resource exploitation out of areas like Morocco, and the Kongo. However, it's a more beneficial exploitation and hurting the workers among other issues are not undertaken to improve productivity. The men are paid a wage and are worked normal hours.
    • Kingdom of Aragon: The relatively good treatment of Aragon by Castile and the fallacy of actions of the previous king in burning various areas and completely razing Aragon's capital city have forever earned the enmity and hate of most of the Aragonian people, many of which believed they could continue their lives under Castile in a better fashion, with greater access to Castile's vast diplomatic, trade and military power. This, along with common religion and semi-related language, has led to a nearly seamless transition into the personal union. Nobles have been appointed by Prince Carlos of Castile personally who has personally overseen the majority of the war in Aragon which with his expertise, charisma and swaying abilities has led to many supporting his decisions on either side. Carlos himself is appointed the transitional governor of Aragon in order to facilitate a much smoother transition. The Kingdom's navy previously seized is returned to people sympathetic to Castilians and the military navy in particular is given to a series of respected and well known Aragonians loyal to Castile. Aragon's assimilation into Castile cultural base begins due to many nobles now speaking Spanish (Castilian) which shows a notable effect of a few people especially merchants and some developing artisans which are currently able to speak the language proficiently. Aragonians spurred on by Prince Carlos to rebuild Zaragoza continue the work needed to rebuild the city and the various burned towns surrounding the city with the city being moderately repaired. For the time being, however, the capital of Aragon proper is migrated to Valencia. With Castilian assistance various infrastructural areas are rebuilt and the military is expanded to a token force of 5000. Along with this support the Aragonian economy recovers slowly with a slow but controlled influx of Castilian economic aid helping Aragon recover. The Aragonian Navy is allowed by Castile to move toward settlements in the Canaries down into Capo Verde, and according to Castilian trade agreements docks in Oyo for trade nearly doubling their previous range. This is pushed down further pushing underneath Oyo farther down the coast using Castilian trade posts to explore. The ruling magistrate over Aragon signs a landmark trade deal with Castile which allows for Aragon's usage of Castile's large amounts of trade posts down the coast of Africa.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: The King of Cyprus is now King Alexander of Cyprus. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller west to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. The Kingdom of Cyprus due to the recent issues in Castile reluctantly recognizes Carlos and his Regency for Prince Ferdinand. Cyprus itself with its fleet of nearly 100 ships begins to take after the Venetian example with trade and begins to put Cypriot merchant ships into state possession for trade in order to help with the kingdom's finances and heavy trade. This show immediate results as a relative increase in funding and attention to trade between Castile and her allies begins to improve the quality of trade. Cyprus shows many casualties from the disease due to its trade hub situation. Cyprus sends about 1000 knights to Alexandria for her crusade.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area. The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable number of Castilians settle the area. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom with many canals having been completed has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population reaches nearly 650,000 with Christianity becoming dominant in the area. Calne-Vicuna is finished and is opened as an center for Christianity in North Africa with a library said to rival old Alexandria's.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. With the King also adopts the name John, in favor of the king who began these exploratory operations down the coast of Africa. The King also organized a band of Christian soldiers who help keep the peace who also begin to help with conversions to Christianity as a series of missionaries and high level priests from the Western Church have come on a ship hearing of many pagans and heretics to convert. The King makes multiple successful campaigns against various of the petty kings in Kongo killing two of them and leaving the third on the run. The Christianization of multiple areas is completed and multiple others are begun. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a moderate amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods if possible.
  • Mughal Empire: Mirza asks for another royal marriage, this time with the daughter of the Kathiawar leader. Although again, he must renounce any future claims to the land due to the Treaty of Delhi. With the Marwar ruler being able to inherit the Mughal throne, a trade pact is offered to strengthen the ties between the two nations (both need mod response). The nations mining expands, particularily salt. (eco turn)
    • Alexandria Dip: An exploration and trade ship of ours has come to your ports. We wish to begin trade and
      • And what, god damn it! The tension is killing me!
      • I feel you. -Sky
    • Mughal Dip:  Trade is accepted.
  • Alexandria: Trade continues to increase as the ports are re-established. Merchants complain of safety in the Somali lands dies down due to action taken by Alexandria. The trade issue ends with Alexandria taking enclaves along the coast of the region. More people are converted to Coptic Christianity due to the See of Saint Mark's presence, including those of the True Faith, the Christian region of Alexandria is nowhere near as harmed as the Islamic region by the plague (due to better living conditions), leaving many Muslims to reconsider their faith. Resources are sent to Aiguptia to maintain and protect the canal as that process continues and workers are encouraged to go seek out this opportunity. The economy stumbles as trade safety is questioned in East Africa. Christians in North African nations are invited to immigrate to Alexandria . Missionaries and dignitaries remain in the Nubia region hoping to convert and influence some of the Nile cities (Turn Twelve). The land acquired from Yemen by the Red Sea continues to see a port town established for sailors and merchants to rest before going into the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean, there is a medium increase in population as more people look to get into the trade business and travel from Castile requires a stop for their sailors. Officials finally catch up to immigration but do not anticipate the amount of immigrants for this year as well. In the province of Judea soldiers are to protect both Christian, Islamic and Jewish pilgrimages. Taxes are not like those in Alexandria where they favor Christians, but rather equal for all three of these religions. Small amounts of conversions take place mainly converting Christians and Muslims to Coptic Christianity. The region of Egypt completes consolidation into the kingdom and divided into provinces. Despite this consolidation a small number of revolts take place in the province of Thebes (South Nile Valley) by Muslims. Alexandria sends in troops to the south to keep the region calm and free revolt. Missionaries are also sent in to do some potentially forceful conversions. Alexandria works extensively on its navy as it wishes to further explore the deepest reaches of the Great Eastern Sea (OTL Indian Ocean). The Alexandria expedition returns from Bengal. OTL Goa becomes a massive destination for Alexandrian trades. They begin to establish a trade post and presence here. Crown Prince Kyriacos is happy for his betrothal to Milan's own Anastasia. Grigorios begins plans of a reconstructed lighthouse on the cite of the citadel. A trade ship makes contact with the Mughals. Econ Turn.
    • Aiguptia: Continues to stabilize the nation. Engineers, cartographers and philosophers from all trade partners are offered jobs to work on expanding the Philadelphi Canal to take on present day cogs, treasure fleets and other ships. At many points ships can pass freely using two separate canals or wide manmade lakes. However, there are still flows to be worked out, and portions to be widened, although the work becomes minimal. Citizens and people in the surrounding regions and province are converted to Coptic Christianity. Missionaries continue to convert people, especially in Cairo. Cairo also attracts many in anticipation of the canal. The city at the crossing point of the canal OTL Zagazig, begins to be filled by merchants and people looking to get involved in the trade industry, but becomes known for poorer living conditions and being put at risk for the plague. Military learns as they progress in the war. Missionaries and organizers are sent to Nubia region to assist in building a kingdom there. Mercenaries are raised to assist the Alexandrian merchants in their conflict for safe trade in order to maintain a presence on the former Somali land ... Aiguptia expands 50 px into the Sinai Peninsula.
    • Oman Dip: We request access to the Alexandrian canal in order to open new trade opportunities for Mediterranean nations.
      • Alexandria Diplomacy:  Please read the Basic Agreement of the Compact of Philadelphi and well go from there. However, as an islamic nation, any agreement between us for canal access would start in 1485 as Yemen has exclusive access for islamic nations until that time.
      • Oman Dip: Oman requests access as soon as Yemen's exclusive expires in return for a portion of profit acquired in such trading.
  • Chiribaya: We expand 20 km southeast.
  • Sultanate of Oman: The merchant fleet continues to be expanded, and more of the new spices are being brought back from Banda, and the nutmeg and mace are loaded on trade ships. The construction of the new roads continue, and while digging up the earth near Nizwa, workers uncover the jawbone of a seemingly immense creature. It would have been thrown aside as trash, but a vigilant worker gives it to a passing caravan and requests it to be taken to the scientists in Muscat. The scientists can not identify it, and it puzzles them. It is displayed as a curiosity, but no one has any idea what it is. Trade ships in the Red Sea hear of the newly-constructed canal linking the Red Sea to the seas of Europe.
  • Oyo Empire: With support from Castile looking less and less likely, the Oyo government has deemed it proper to turn toward India, and establish a trading network in that region of the world. Though few Oyo sailors have ever been there, the navy believes it is time to put Oyo's embryonic fleet to use and begin reaping the benefits of trade with East Asia. A fleet of six ships are sent to begin establishing a proper trading post in lands leased to them by the local Indian lords. The Indians permit the Oyo representatives sent ahead of the fleet to rent lands from them, which they wouldn't own, but be permitted to build on, though only after Oyo brings the local rulers something of worth from their own lands to prove they can be a useful trading partner. The fleet sent off from Lagos will be carrying many items of great worth to India, with hope that the Oyo will be able to establish at the very least, a trading connection with the Indians which can be used to recommend the Oyo to other local powers in the region they can trade with. Thanking their prior trade with the Arabs for their ability to local India, the Oyo simply send their ships off in the direction the Castilians ships themselves have been going to and returning from. Many captains volunteer for the venture seeking to get a slice of the great wealth they have seen their Castilian partners have been returning to Lagos with before departing again. Elsewhere, the development of additional naval technologies, primarily in the field of navigation, are advanced, especially once it became clear that use of a simple compass alone to navigate a massive ship such as a nlanla would be needed. Having spent much time learning how to use these tools, the next generation of Oyo sailors and captains have begun their careers with additional knowledge of the seas, which Oyo has rigously pursued in acquisition. The military, economy, and infrastructure are expanded, and the expansion of Oyo's gunpowder weaponry is continued.
    • Benin: The military, economy and infrastructure of Benin are expanded, along with the navy of the vassal state. The new navy, largely supported by Oyo's economy, is permitted to grow to a large state, and plans to design the focus of the Benin navy are underway by the imperial government in Oyo-Ile. The colony of Príncipe is expanded by 250 km.
    • Mali: Mali expands its military, economy and infrastructure, and increases its patrols along the border with Songhai to put down the raids which proceeds considerably well with direct support from Oyo and the vassal city-state of Ile.
  • Netherlands: Maurice von Nassau-Orleans heads out to Alexandria to finalize the deal for access to the canal and to see the great city with his own eyes. Maurice is intrigued by the Hungarian offer and accepts it. Maurice marries the Hungarian princess in June and then moves on to finalize the deal Alexandria. Economic growth continues and trade grows with the new access. exploration along the east african coast continues while the the outposts on OTL Fernando Po now named Neiuwe Friesland, and along the Nigerian Coast fortified and expanded. Naval expansion continues as more ship designs are made based on the needs for long see voyages. cultural development continues with both Dutch and French culture being looked at with pride. The fleeing reformists are welcomed into the Netherlands as they run from the HRE. more firearms and cannons are produced.
  • Fusahito Theocracy: Vassalisation of the Toki state is completed, with the majority of the population worshipping the Emperor as part of the Imperial Shito Sect. Meanwhile, the Emperor turns his attention to the state of the navy, with a number of larger vessels created for longer ocean journeys, along with several barges to serve as troop transports. Three of these ships are sent southward to OTL Philippines, where diplomatic relations are opened up to the Kingdom of Tondo.
  • In Ayutthaya, trade and production increases. The armies of the kingdoms are finally consolidated into one, with only militias being raised from the individual kingdoms, though the kingdoms themselves are allowed increased autonomy in other regions - such as religion. This also results in a boom in trade, spreading out throughout South-Eastern Asia, its effects reaching China in the North, Sanafah in the West, Australia to the South and Japan to the East. More ships are built, partially for trade purposes, with our ships reaching as far as as Southern Africa, and with planned expeditions even moving over the Cape of Good Hope. We establish trade posts throughout India and Southern Asia. Our first ships round the Cape of Good Hope and reach Western Africa. It is decided, however, to leave those barbarians to themselves and instead focus on controlling trade in Asia. Our relations with our vassals improve, with the resulting economic boom giving them more riches and further endearing them to the kingdoms of Ayutthaya. However, in Sri Vijaya, which was annexed, there is a small uprising. The Golden Army is sent to quell it, and it swiftly destroys the rebel army and executes the leader of the rebellion. However, the king, Indaraja II, dies, to the shock and tragedy of the nation, mere days after the rebellion is quelled. A council is held in Ayutthaya, with two main leaders for the role of his successor appearing. His nephew, Chairacha, and another noble, Intha Racha. The two clash, but the main support is behind is nephew, who quckly seizes power and executes his competitor, securing his place as King. Each of the kingdoms swears fealty to him, as do the vassals. Trade continues to flow through Sukhothai to China. The new King decides to make his first mark by building a monument to his uncle, and builds the Spire of Indaraja - the H̄xkhxy h̄æ̀ng Indraja - in the city of Ayutthaya. A massive monument, it is a spire reaching almost 100 feet tall, expected to be finished in 1500. Made mostly out of white marble and gold inlay, this is accompanied by a massive renovation project reaching throughout the cities of Ayutthaya, building new roads, new walls, new houses throughout the nation. Our relations with our neighboring nations continue to improve, and relations between religions are at an all time high, with Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists freely moving around our cities and kingdoms. All vassals increase the size of their economies. 
    • Dai Viet Diplomacy: We ask for a formal trade agreement and alliance between our two nations.
    • Ayutthaya agrees.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to shift trade to the west, although the canal provides new alternatives, and within a few months a few small expeditions explore the Red Sea, traveling as far south as Socotra. This expands interest in restoring trade with India, long since shut down since the Empire entered its dark times. The Empire accepts the trade offer of Muscovy. Carlo de Patra, now a distinguished student at the University of Constantinople, has compiled a wide variety of analytical research and conclusions. Fascinated with the material world, de Patra has explored each individual element over the last few years. Seeking to expand human understanding of these primordial elements, de Patra creates inventions related to each element to further their use in the real world. Now concerned with other elements like air, de Patra creates more inventions that allow humans to harness such elements or better experience them. To this end, de Patra creates inventions like a working parachute, although the government is not really impressed as it has little tactical value.. He also writes down a bunch of observations and laws regarding the function and movement of air, such as noting that air itself is a substance. He also receives permission from the government to explore the avatar of all four elements, the human body, and begins to make detailed drawings of human anatomy. This is the conclusion of the de Patra trilogy. The Emperor Michael IX, now with only one heir, becomes concerned at the fate of the Empire, as he is getting old and weak and his son Thomas isn't even married. The Patriarch of Constantinople does not understand fully why the religious of Pskov want to break off of the Muscovy branch, as there seems to be little justification and the unification of the churches should make such needs obsolete. He suggests that the people of Pskov write back to him explaining the reason behind this.
    • Albania: The nation continues to expand and train the national military. Matchlock weapons continue to trickle into the army.
  • Dai Viet: The nation of Dai Viet begins expanding its military to protect the nation against any foreign attack. A reform of the military is put in place to better organize local levies. Taking elements from the Chinese structure, the army is divided into platoons of 50 troops, companies made of two platoons, and one battalion composed of 500 soldiers. The amount of levies required from each provincial head is slightly raised, so that the majority of a province’s levies are called into the national government in times of crisis. The government begins an active role in equipping some units, using its funds to ensure that the entirety of the militia is equipped with pikes and swords. Crossbows also begin to be used in select units, who are trained to be most effective during cavalry charges and to provide support for our infantry. Government forces are called and put to the test securing our southern border, garrisoning in recently acquired territory. Alongside expanding ground forces, the government also sees to need to expand naval forces, a process that began several decades ago. Small ships capable of longer journeys are constructed in major port cities, and cities in the south along the coast are expanded to facilitate naval activity on par with our northern cities. Trade ships are attracted to our major ports from nearby nations, and we ask for a formal trade agreement with Ayutthaya and the Ming Dynasty. We also ask for an alliance from these nations to ensure our borders are protected. Because of these recent reforms this turn is dedicated to military expansion.
    • Ayutthaya gladly accepts.
  • Caucasian Confederation: As Caucasian contacts with India begin to form, rumors circulate that the Indian princedoms use massive war elephants as a shock element for their armies. Though the Caucasian forces - and their likely opponents - lack access to these beasts, the news does prompt a reformation of Armenian and Assyrian cavalry into distinct daakisros ("charge" - heavy) and darbeva ("raid" - light) elements. This added mission specialization improves the Caucasian states' armies, which total 30,000 active-duty infantry and 10,000 active-duty cavalry in their ranks. On the Persian Gulf, Alexsaportu finishes enlarging the farmlands around the city, and no longer needs grain imports from Assyria to sustain it. Seven years remain before the city is fully developed.
    • Caucasian Diplomacy: The first Caucasian merchant ships, escorted by a small squadron of Georgian vessels, arrive at Dwarka in Gujarat. After several months of scouting, tense negotiations with concerned local dignitaries, and a few brief fistfights, the expedition finally receives an audience with the Raja of Gujarat. The traders - backed by the Caucasian governments - request the establishment of diplomatic relations with the Princedom, and seek the Raja's permission to construct a trade outpost and embassy at the mouth of the Sabatmati River [OTL Khambhat], with promises of technological assistance and support should he accept. (Mod response needed!) Additionally, emissaries to the Sultan of Oman request the establishment of a mutual trade agreement, in hopes of expanding co-operation between our nations.
    • Kingdom of GeorgiaMepe Boris continues integrating Amier-Kavkasia into Georgia; the integration of the Principality is expected to take seven more years. In what a few court advisors privately consider a "vanity project," the Mepe funds the construction of a new city on the banks of the Ardon River [OTL Nizhniy Ural] called Kalaki Boris, which he hopes will serve as the administrative center of the Principality upon its integration into Georgia. Though the construction of the city is poorly planned and rife with corruption, the sheer scale of the edifice does awe a few rebellious chieftains into submission - though it annoys quite a few farmers whose land was taken without compensation for the King's dream town.
    • Principality of Rani: The gradual, bloody conversion of the Azeris to Orthodoxy continues; of the 304,000 Azeris, some 80,000 (26%) now profess Orthodox Christianity. The first ethnically Azeri infantrymen are admitted to the Ranite Guard; called the Mudafie Ordusu, this all-Orthodox force is presented to the populace as the heralds of peace and order in the region. More importantly for the Georgians, the establishment of a "native" force means the Jarishuri units that have spent the last forty years policing Rani can finally be withdrawn for duty elsewhere.
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Grand Duchess Eleanor and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1483 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1483, Eleanor commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The market center in Landshut continues to attract Bavarian and Venetian traders. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Eleanor ends her predecessor's policies of advancing Sedevanticism in the government. As the new Grand Duchess, Eleanor continues to vet and interrogate most of the powerful nobles of Bavaria. To work more efficiently, she appoints Vallerio Volpe as her spymaster. By the end of the year, Eleanor hosts a more developed middle class in Trausnitz than her numerous predecessors had. This earns her the sobriquet "The Middling Queen" to flavor the already popular "Merchant Queen" title. In other news, Eleanor continues to develop her cousin's seemingly successful administrative policies. Court physicians continue to bathe in religious ceremonies, hoping to appease God. In national news, the common courts continue to be implemented around Bavaria as several of the lower class make use it of. The serf laws begin to be used as well. While not extremely active, as many as three dozen serfs earn their freedom by the end of the year. Many freed serfs find work and home in the cities, while others continue to informally live on their lords' lands. This situation becomes a status quo and is forseen to last the century. Many skeptics of Eleanor's reforms predict they will not affect Bavaria much until 1500.
    • Munchen: By 1483, the total class of Queen Isabell University amounts to about 3410 men. Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. 
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The clergy of Wurzburg find small solace as the Grand Duchess is the somewhat temperate, analytical Eleanor. 
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. Our turn is dedicated to economy in both our nation and our vassals. We grow closer to Padua, having successfully liberated their city, and the hero of the liberation, Stephano the Brave, begins seeking a wife. Many begin to call for a possible counterattack into Venice to end their clashes with Milan once and for all, and possible plans are created.
  • Hungary and all its vassals and puppets and states in personal union work on expanding their armed forces. There is an increase in trading between them all, along with increased trading with Moscovy and thus allows economic growth. Road construction also continues as for greater trade, better infrastructure is needed. Hungary also focuses highly on building better naval ships and upgrading old ships as well as putting many obsolete ships into retirement.
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows, increasing our military capabilities in case of war. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. The recent classes of Koch ships are being manufactured in Novgorod. The town of St Patriksburg’s population grows a bit more that last year. As the construction of the town improves, the Kremlin finishes, trade becoming more in demand, the town gains slightly. Because of the trade road built with Tver our economy increases. After seeing a great success with the private schools in the cities of Novgorod, St Patriksburg, Staraya Russa, and Nizhny Novgorod. We start building another private school in Rostov and Yaroslavl. We complete building private schools in Torzhok and a private school in Staraya Ladoga. We dedicate this turn to military. We continue to establish ties with our allies Muscovy and Pskov. We answer the requests from Pskov and close borders to non-russian nations and institute quarantine to try to stop the plague.
    • Tver: We complete the construction of the private school in Tver and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Yaroslavl, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Yaroslavl: We complete the construction of the private school in Yaroslavl and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Rostov: We completed the construction of the private school in Rostov and start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Yaroslavl, Muscovy. We dedicate this turn to military.
  • The Tartary's population continues to grow, as does its military. Temur's second son, Peter, is born.
    • The Tartary's Vassals all improve their economy
  • Mapuche:  The new leader of the War Band, Draven, known across the Mapuche lands for his glorious mustache, prowess with battle axes, and "doing it all.... with style", has bold plans for the future. He has always been curious about the lands far to the north; the east, south, and west have all been traveled upon by previous generations of Mapuche. He readies an expedition to explore the northern lands and find other tribes and civilizations. Mapuche culture and economics continue to foster a greater sense of Mapuche identity between the many villages. There are 36,050 Mapuche in the territory.
  • Cuzco: Military and economy improve. Population hits 150,000.
    • Wanka: economy improves. Population hits 45,000.
    • Qullasuyu: Economy improves. Population is 15,000, shown by the recently begun census. Development of a new capital begins.
  • Pskov gets money and improves its economy, trade prospers, navy grows as a side-product of the economy. Aleksandr continues on the silk road.
  • Zapotec: Tlaco II expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco II orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Trade with the Aztecs commences after years of stagnation under Tlaco I.
  • Prussia: The Prussians begin to develop their military. The Prussians begin the construction of a new Prussian navy.
    • Courland: The Curonians also continue developing their military.
    • Ossel-Wiek: Ossel-Wiek also continues developing their military. Duke Franz continues to reshape the face of Arenburg.

1484

A famous knight from the Odenwald mountain range known as Siegfried the Wild Hunt joins the Knights of the Gentian. Renown as a ruthless warrior of both the Saxon War and the Westphalian Revolt, Siegfried was once a raider who led mercenaries to attack enemy villages. Famous for swiftly riding into town in the dead of night to attack their targets, Siegfried gained his nickname for his quickness and for his ruthlessness, beating enemies to death with a club. His mercenary group now disbanded, Siegfried joins the order after having turned his life around and to become a pious individual.

The first operational sugar mill opens in Gran Canaria.

The city of Aburrá, in the heartland of the Quimbaya empire, reaches a population of nearly 75,000 inhabitants, becoming one of the largest cities in the Americas. It is a bustling metrople, with large temples, marketplaces and palaces. Gold artifact production is at its highest point in history, as is emerald jewelry, copper and salt production. Large population growth occurs, as both maize and the potato grow in the Cauca valley. A 'vertical archipelago' develops in Quimbaya culture, as a combination of Mesoamerican trading societies and Andean centralisation.

In Iran, Zoroastrianism continues to grow and spread, recovering lost territory at great strides. This can be best seen in the Hyrcanian Kingdom, where many princes of the Bavandid, Paduspanid and Gavparehid dynasties of this state adopt Zoroastrianism. However, the Safavid land, especially around the cities of Rayy and Shiraz, also experiences large growth of this faith.

Wot, no Batman?

Read the first event.

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers continue to explore the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, shipwrights start to fuse and modify aspects of ships that are known to operate around the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, in order to develop larger ocean-going ships. Meanwhile, Urraca gives birth to a girl, who is named Mariana.
  • Rumania: Mircea II, now 28, orders the construction of a navy for the purpose of defending trade routes to Alexandria and Azov. A dozen new ships are constructed in Constanta, each a moderate 30 feet in length and equipped with 16 small two-pounder cannons. After the production of 24 ships the ships in service are retired and stripped of useful parts and materials. The newly organized Moralist Orthodox Church of Rumania and its Bulgarian counterpart become established in Rumania. Missionaries preaching Moralist ideals spread into eastern Serbia. The printing press continues to spread across Rumania. As much as 8% of the nation has reached basic literacy, and the Moralists promote education of commoners by priests, in order to give everyone the opportunity to read the Bible.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: The economy continues to grow. The printing press spreads south into Bulgaria just as in Rumania.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to expand its trade across the Mediterranean, as trade ships further establish themselves in ports like Carthage, Lisbon, London, and Nances. Further expeditions in the canal are sent, reaching Madagascar and India. Considering the longer journeys that Madagascar and India require with fewer ports, study begins on constructing and improving the Venetian carrack design (I forget the Venetian name for them). The Empire also begins to shift its currency of the Stavraton away from the Venetian Ducat, noting that Venetian trade seems to be stalling and that the Stavraton is stable enough to stand on its own. Emperor Michael IX happily accepts the offer of the Scandinavian King, happy that his son Thomas now has a wife. Elsa comes down to Constantinople and the two are married in the Hagia Sophia in February. The two go on tours throughout the Empire to show the people their future Empress, and the couple go back to Scandinavia to do the same. The things that Scandinavia asked for will be largely supplied when the couple ascend to the throne, although an alliance and trade rights are granted. This expands Roman trade links to the Baltic Sea as well as Scandinavian links to the Aegean and the Canal. In Constantinople, de Patra continues to dissect bodies to learn more about the Human form and how the four elements interact. He makes detailed drawings of what he finds and begins collecting them to publish in a novel.
    • Albania: The nation continues to train its military further, and the addition of matchlocks to the armed forces helps them to maintain effectiveness in combat. 
  • Hesse: We continue improving relations with the revolted states. We bring down some old statues of the previous Dukes. Wilhelm I is found dead in his chambers in Ludwigsburg. He has a knife sticking out of his chest, and his throat cut. There is a note stuck to the knife, it reads, 'Long live the Prince-Regent!'. When the rest of the Royals see this, they immediately go to find Heinrich III, but he is nowhere to be found. Later throughout the week, the rest of the sons of Ludwig II die off from mysterious causes. With Heinrich III nowhere to be found, and Hermann IV stuck on Neu Lippe, there is no one to succeed the throne except Karl I, son of Heinrich III. The 14 year old boy, who has been living in West Nassau, gladly accepts the title of Grand Duke. He first orders a new town to be built almost on the Trier border, named 'Karlen'. Ludwigsburg remains a major city, but the royalty and the rest of the ruling class move out, except for the top royals, who remain in Silberberg.
  • Kingdom of Gwalior: The balance of trade had been in Gwalior's favour; the production of wheat had slowly and gradually became enough for the entire Kingdom to depend upon except for 5-6% of the people. This allowed Gwalior to completely stop the import of wheat, reduce production of iron ore and increase its prices. While this gave Gwalior's economy a boost, the other nearby Kingdoms had their economies nearly collapse. On the advise of multiple nobles, Raja Vikram established the Vik as Gwalior's official currency. The Raja had been notified that the Gwalior Defense Force had positioned themselves at numerous strategic points throughout the mountainous region surrounding the Kingdom. The Raja gave particular interest to the development of Gwalior's infrastructure and ordered the construction of multiple forts surrounding the Kingdom. The military still waited for the envoy that had been sent to the Oirats to purchase 5000 muskets. Envoys were also dispatched to various Kingdoms throughout India requesting them to form a Union with Gwalior. A mod can do the yes/no and BTW, I was wondering when could my nation appear on the map?"'
  • Kingdoms say no (they really don't have any reason to accept any union ...) And your nation will appear on the 1485 map, I believe.
  • It will appear at the next map update, in 1485 (tomorrow). Furthermore; you are not the only one in the area who produces iron, and in any case, iron is not so important that their economies will collapse. What's more, since you're selling to them, you want them to be flush, else your economy is going down the drain too. The "Vik" is not a very likely currency; they would call it the Vikram, if they did adopt it. You would never really need to import wheat in the first place, too. Foodwise, most medieval nations were fairly independent.
  • You're in India correct? There is a league that you have to go sign up for that is composed of all of India. Just use the search bar for Indian League -Feud
  • |onte expands 100 km along the Kunene river going East. Sailors passing by have talked about farming, and offer seeds. However, due to the lack of hospitable territory to grow in the seeds have been rendered useless. The population begins to boom, which is a problem Mon is trying to figure out as, the food source to accommodate all the tribe's incoming members, (captured females and children born to them by |onteli tribesmen). The population is said to have tripled (from around 1.5-2k to 4-6k), with a very high ratio of females to males. Mon is faced with a gamble of trying finding fertile land by pushing East along the Kunene river, with the possibility of no fertile land, but more new tribes members, which require feeding, or to stay at the current position and wait for the famine to occur. Mon's own children number 17.
    • Methinks a succession crisis will soon be afoot. Also, can you explain how you have a high ratio of female to male?
    • There can not be officially a succession crisis, as Mon holds no official position within the tribe. It will be more like: Who can gain the most influence? High ratio of females to males because you know, I've been capturing all the females of neighbouring tribes, and selling the males to the slave trade.
  • The Empire of Madagasikara gets prepared for the impending conflict. With the new establishment of the Diocese of the Swahili Coast, priest Julio Marciano Gabriel is created as the first Bishop of the diocese and works in al-Swahili to promote conversions. Meanwhile, vassalization of Maputo begins to counter Comoran influence over Dar es Salaam. Toward the end of the year, after both sides are firmly established, the Comoran navy arrives at Mahajanga harbor and is thoroughly destroyed, killing the troops on board as well as any hopes for a later invasion. The caravel Tiavina played a huge role in the battle. Andrés arranges an invasion of the Comoros early next year and plans to unite the Comoros under his rule and remove the title of Emir altogether from Madagasikaran government. Betsileo and Toamisina both provide aid to the defensive efforts. Military turn.
  • The Comoros, devastated by their large naval defeat, begin to rebuild and work with internal dissident groups within the Empire, but reach very little success as massive conversion have effectively turned the island's citizens against Islam and Bakr III. Meanwhile, as Christianity reaches al-Swahili and other states the support going to the Comoros begins to die down.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The disease continues killing many. The king attempts to avoid such an event but it fails only spreading it harder in regions of Basel, Lorraine and Burgundy - as well as in Sardinia where it kills hundreds without any seeming cause. The death toll reaches a half million since the start and many corpses accumulate throughout the domains, impelling the need for a better way to avoid the kingdom and bringing many to doubt the king's might on the French monarchic lands. This is even more acute in regions like Sardinia far from the central government. La Marche vassalage begins. The vassalage of Limoges finished last turn. While this, Nevers vassalage begins as well.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up. Economy expands. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Albret: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Nemour: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Guyenne: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. Some begin to question the king of France's choices and begin wondering about establishing their own state.
    • Basel: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Aargau: Military and economy are built up. The French presence begins to felt. However, the attempts to establish a pro-Germanic government in order to avoid eventual uprisings, internal vassalization begins as well to fully convince German leadership.
    • Foix: Military and economy are built up.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. The native population drops to 450,000 (from around 750,000 in the region) due mostly to the plague and the war. French nobles begin to arrive due to the relative power void. While this, navy of the French begin docking in Tunis, soon renamed Carthage.
  • Ethiopia: We build up our military and navy. The navy builds more ships for trade. Many churches are still continuing to be built. We use the Nile River to trade with our allies Alexandria. Agriculture is our biggest industry in the country besides trade. We expand our nation's southern borders 15 px south. The wall and outposts around the capital city are still in the process of being built. Our nation expands our northern borders 15 px north into the disorganized territory. We expand our eastern border 15 px east. The reason for going east is to get to the Indian Ocean and to get coastal lands. Due to a population boom, farmers grow more food for our hungry citizens. Orthodox missionaries go into Eritrea to help change their religion of the country. We try our best to influence Eritrea in the Ethiopia way. We declare war on Eritrea. (mods, please make an algo for this). Our nation starts to make our own currency to use instead of using barter trade with the other nations and tribes of Africa. Our currency is the gold coin. 
  • General rule is, make your own algo, the mods will fix it up.
  • Also, you can't expand and be in a leader in conflict. 
  • Zapotec: Tlaco II expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco II orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Trade with the Aztecs commences after years of stagnation under Tlaco I.
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of them. We buy more books from China. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We begin building up our military and create even tougher practices. We move our army away from Mongol Khanate. We send 2000 muskets as well as musketeers to Gwalior for trade. 
  • In Ayutthaya, trade and production increases. The armies of the kingdoms are finally consolidated into one, with only militias being raised from the individual kingdoms, though the kingdoms themselves are allowed increased autonomy in other regions - such as religion. This also results in a boom in trade, spreading out throughout South-Eastern Asia, its effects reaching China in the North, Sanafah in the West, Australia to the South and Japan to the East. More ships are built, partially for trade purposes, with our ships reaching as far as as Southern Africa, and with planned expeditions even moving over the Cape of Good Hope. We establish trade posts throughout India and Southern Asia. Our relations with our vassals improve, with the resulting economic boom giving them more riches and further endearing them to the kingdoms of Ayutthaya. However, in Sri Vijaya, which was annexed, there is a small uprising. The Golden Army is sent to quell it, and it swiftly destroys the rebel army and executes the leader of the rebellion. Each of the kingdoms swears fealty to the new King, as do the vassals. Trade continues to flow through Sukhothai to China. Work continues on the Spire of Indaraja - the H̄xkhxy h̄æ̀ng Indraja - in the city of Ayutthaya. A massive monument, it is a spire reaching almost 100 feet tall, expected to be finished in 1500. Made mostly out of white marble and gold inlay, this is accompanied by a massive renovation project reaching throughout the cities of Ayutthaya, building new roads, new walls and new houses throughout the nation. Meanwhile, we offer to build trading posts in Sanafah and Dai Viet. Another few ships cross the Cape of Good Hope, but, finding itfar less rich than India, China and Arabia, it is decided to abandon it and confine our trade to Asia and Eastern Africa. More hips land in the Marriwuyanga Empire. The Golden Army continues to train, along with hundreds of other militias and armies. Our relations with our neighboring nations continue to improve, and relations between religions are at an all time high, with Muslims, Hindus and Buddhists freely moving around our cities and kingdoms. All vassals increase the size of their militaries. 
  • Prussia: The Prussians begin to develop their military. The Prussians continue to build their new navy.
    • Courland: The Curonians also continue developing their military.
    • Ossel-Wiek: Ossel-Wiek also continues developing their military. Duke Franz continues to transform the face of Arenburg.
  • Mughal Empire: infra turn
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: The nation of Muscovy begins trading along routes routing through the nation of Novgorod and its vassals, and the nation of Pskov. Money collected through trade and taxation is saved this year in the Muscovite treasury in case of an emergency. Trade routes are established between the nations of Poland, Hungary, Rumania, and the Roman Empire, and we promote friendly relations with all these nations. We become closer to Novgorod through trade, relying on Novgorod for safe land routes into our northern territory. Districts of our cities affected by the plague are quarantined and we make our best efforts to prevent the spread of the disease further. We stress that despite past relations being somewhat turbulent, the nations of the Ukraine are our friends, and we hope to improve relations in the future. After several years of influence and trade the easternmost independent state in the Ukraine is declared our vassal. We begin conducting similar relations in the state to the west containing Odessa. A trade route is created so that we can make use of the port of Odessa, and we begin formally vassalizing this state. In case of attack we expand our military, recruiting free levies from our cities to protect local regions of our nation. Pikes and crossbows become common equipment in some units after they begin to be produced locally to outfit local regiments. Bowmen continue to be an essential part of our military to provide support for melee units, with some gunpowder weaponry being used. In major cities, Kremlins are upgraded and outfitted with modern equipment and dedicated garrisons to combat any threat or invasion. The largest Kremlin, located in Moscow, is especially upgraded, with new walls being added that are wider and can hold cannons. Settlement in the north is encouraged, bringing Christian and Russian traditions to the north of our territory and even into northern Siberia, a territory held by the Mongol hordes to the east. By this time much of the population of our northern territory is converted to Christianity, and the fear of Dmitri the Impaler convinces many to remain that way, preventing the spread of unwanted foreign ideals. We hope to improve relations with the Tartary for now, so that our nations can prevent fighting in the future. This turn is officially dedicated to economy.
    • Lithuania: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. Trade between Moscow, Prussia and other nations helps to amass wealth, which is partially used to finance infrastructural projects and military fortifications.
  • Fusahito Theocracy: The ships sent to the archapelago to the south return, carrying with them cargos of spices. The almost instantaneous demand for these products that this creates causes the Emperor to fund a full expedition to the islands to further the interests of the Theocracy in the region and to expand trade. Eight ships are outfitted for the journey, with instructions to open up trade with the Kingdom of Tondo. One ship carries with it a group of soldiers with instructions to establish a permanent trading post in the area.
  • In the Tartary, recovery continues. Historians of the nation begin calling the period between the end of the Karelian War and 1482, a twenty-year struggle, the Time of Troubles. The economy begins to grow, and the military is improves upon. To the north, violence between Russian settlers and Nenets begins; those Russians caught wreaking havoc on the Yamal are deported, mostly unharmed, back to Muscovy. This eastward movement expands the borders of the Horde some 500 km eastward, close to Selkup settlements in Oiratia. While this does not have the explicit support of the Emperor, which wants to look for better relations with nations to the west, it does have the support of much of the population, which distrusts the Russians. Diplomatic missives are sent to Moscow (with a grievance), Stockholm and Constantinople.
    • Perm does similar things to what the Tatar people have done to the east, expulsing Russian settlers. The population once again begins to quickly grow. The economy also does, as merchants once again establish their commercial ties across the region. The ruble is now pegged to the stavraton rather than the ducat.
    • Adyghea stops suffering from the plague this year, as the population once again begins to grow. The economy also grows, and the ruble begins to be adopted.
    • In Kazakhstan several more duchies and ulus are murdered. The rulership of the Manghud is strengthened.
    • Azov also develops its military. Crop yields, however, once again begin to be built, as Tatars replace Ukrainians in those areas where the Ukrainian population was hit hardly.
  • Alexandria: Trade continues to increase as the ports are re-established. Merchants complaints of safety in the Somali lands dies down due to action taken by Alexandria. The trade issue ends with Alexandria taking enclaves along the coast of the region. More people are converted to Coptic Christianity due to the See of Saint Mark's presence, including those of the True Faith, the Christian region of Alexandria is nowhere near as harmed as the Islamic region by the plague (due to better living conditions), leaving many Muslims to reconsider their faith. Resources are sent to Aiguptia to maintain and protect the canal as that process continues and workers are encouraged to go seek out this opportunity. The economy picks up again as trade safety is improved in East Africa. Christians in North African nations are invited to immigrate to Alexandria . Missionaries and dignitaries remain in the Nubia region hoping to convert and influence some of the Nile cities (Turn Thirteen). The land acquired from Yemen by the Red Sea continues to see a port town established for sailors and merchants to rest before going into the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean, there is a medium increase in population as more people look to get into the trade business and travel from Castile requires a stop for their sailors. Officials finally catch up to immigration but do not anticipate the amount of immigrants for this year as well. In the province of Judea soldiers are to protect both Christian, Islamic and Jewish pilgrimages. Taxes are not like those in Alexandria where they favor Christians, but rather equal for all three of these religions. Small amounts of conversions take place mainly converting Christians and Muslims to Coptic Christianity. The region of Egypt completes consolidation into the kingdom and divided into provinces. Despite this consolidation a small number of revolts take place in the province of Thebes (South Nile Valley) by Muslims. Alexandria sends in troops to the south to keep the region calm and free revolt. Missionaries are also sent in to do some potentially forceful conversions. Alexandria works extensively on its navy as it wishes to further explore the deepest reaches of the Great Eastern Sea (OTL Indian Ocean). The Alexandria expedition returns from Bengal. OTL Goa becomes a massive destination for Alexandrian trades. They continue establish a trade post and presence here. Crown Prince Kyriacos is happy for his betrothal to Milan's own Anastasia. Grigorios begins plans of a reconstructed lighthouse on the cite of the citadel. Relations are established with the nation at OTL Goa.. Mil ''''TurnGrigorios and Catherine have another daughter. 
    • Aiguptia: Continues to stabilize the nation. Engineers, cartographers and philosophers from all trade partners are offered jobs to work on expanding the Philadelphi Canal to take on present day cogs, treasure fleets and other ships. At many points ships can pass freely using two separate canals or wide manmade lakes. However, there are still flows to be worked out, and portions to be widened, although the work becomes minimal. Citizens and people in the surrounding regions and province are converted to Coptic Christianity. Missionaries continue to convert people, especially in Cairo. Cairo also attracts many in anticipation of the canal. The city at the crossing point of the canal OTL Zagazig, begins to be filled by merchants and people looking to get involved in the trade industry, but becomes known for poorer living conditions and being put at risk for the plague. Military learns as they progress in the war. Missionaries and organizers are sent to Nubia region to assist in building a kingdom there. Mercenaries are raised to assist the Alexandrian merchants in their conflict for safe trade in order to maintain a presence on the former Somali land. Aiguptia expands 50 px into the Sinai Peninsula.
    • Oman Dip: We request access to the Philidelphi as soon as Yemen's exclusive access expires in return for a portion of profit acquired by Omani ships in trading with Mediterranean nations. Also, independent from the canal deal, we propose a trade agreement between Oman and Alexandria.
  • Once the work on the roads is finished, Oman piles most its workforce into completing the new merchant fleet, as well as constructing some specially-designed war galleys, rather than trade/war hybrids. These ships are launched from Sohar and begin to patrol the seas of the Straits of Hormuz, north of the tip of Musandam. The Sultan decrees a huge mosque to be built in his honour, and construction begins in late April in Muscat. The massive construction is officially titled the Al-Teral Grand Mosque, but locals call it the Sky Mosque after the sky-blue ceramic tiles adorning the dome and the inside walls. The building's construction is stuttering, as the workforce is stretched and work was interrupted at several points to hold back crowds of angry Omani purists protesting the Sultan is spending too much money on image rather than quality of life. The majority on the other hand applaud the Sultan's bold move, and a some declare it 'a wonder of the Islamic world', even before work on the dome has even begun. New shipments of nutmeg and mace from Banda arrive and are sent to the ships in the harbours of Oman, ready for new trade opportunities. New forts and other fortifications are built on the Musandam Peninsula, overlooking the Straights of Hormuz. As the nation has no official flag, the Sultan proposes a new one should be designed. The new design will be instated as the official national flag by 1486.
    • Caucasian Diplomacy: Emissaries to the Sultan continue to request the establishment of a mutual trade agreement, in hopes of expanding commerce between our nations.
    • Oman Dip: The Sultan accepts, hoping for a fruitful trading future for both nations.
  • Hamburg-Mecklenburg: repairs to the infrastructure damaged by the Prusso-German War near completion. Research in improved ship designs continues. Trade continues to flourish, though many ship captains express concern over the Scandinavian grip on the mouth of the Elbe. Duke Friedrich begins looking for a wife.
    • Magdeburg: Economy expanded.
  • Mapuche:  The expedition north leaves from Xoryan. Village elders of Xoryan decide to hold a ceremony honoring Ngenechen, the creator; Mapuche from all villages are welcome to make a pilgramage to the event. This festival goes well, so the elders decide to hold a central festival every year; this contributes to the growing identity of the Mapuche as one people. Iron tools begin to become common among the farmers, greatly increasing their annual yield. There are 37,132 Mapuche in the territory.
  • The Kingdoms of Great Albion (Scotland and England) - member nation of the UKGA: The Navy is expanded further with the integration of the Scottish and Breton fleets. The number now stands at 440 ships total. Port Edmundburg continues to experience a growth in population. Albionic settlers continue to explore the surrounding areas. The Albionic Royal Navy begins better mapping Africa for the Crown. After decades of cultural merging, a new, Celto-Germanic culture finally begins to take firmer root. The English language has grown in official use and now royal documents, previously in Latin, are now translated into English. Troops that fought in the Pan-Hispania Wars return home and facilitate a minor baby boom. These experienced soldiers now train the army and navy commanders in advanced battle tactics. All ships passing through the channel are monitored for any signs of infection. The new dialect of English found in Eire has spread to Wales and Scotland. English nobles begin to enjoy the Celtic myths of Eire and Scotland. Port Edmundburg is declared a crown colony (OTL Sierra Leone) after decades as a profitable trade outpost. Expansion is planned next year to accommodate the growing population. A new city in the south of England begins to grow. The city's name is Gotham. After the second round of Welsh rebellions earlier this year, the King invests in a new secret order with the perpose of retaining stability and order and the belief that men are unfit to rule themselves, this new order takes the name of a defunct order lost in France. The Templar Order.
    • Brittany: Brittany is officially placed under Albionic influence. The military and navy are expanded.
    • Calais: Military and navy are expanded.
    • Dublin: Dublin undergoes another remodel and expansion to the ports due to the massive influx of trade from Castile and Venice as well as an increased Eire trade.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. Pan Albion sentiments grow, Trade increases.
    • Wales: Wales expands its military and navy. Cardiff becomes a large centre of trade for Wales. The Welsh appoint Adam Cyrdger as Royal Minister. The first sessions of parliament are held. Wales does not see as large a population boom as Albion or Scotland, but a minor one, centered around Cardiff and Swansea, does occur.
  • Eire: Eire, having built up trade and infrastructure across the nation for years is in the process of becoming a modern European nation. Clans still remain. However, much of the new growth of the nation is in the new trade ports on the coast, settled by the Norse, or the towns at the hubs of the new roads. Indeed, many of the small towns from 50 years ago are unrecognizable compared to today. Eire seeks to show its power, and we invite monarchs from across Europe to tour the new nation. The military of Eire continues to be modernized. After years of friendship with Albion, a strange new dialect begins to emerge in coastal trade settlements. As the language divide in Albion has ended, and English becomes the tongue of all, traders from England and Eire begin to swap words in the trade settlements on the Irish Sea. The dialect, however, has not seen wide use outside of those settlements. We find that keeping the Southern Europeans away from our ports, who often carry diseases, helps us prevent the spread of the strange new plague. Our vessels continue to explore and trade with our northern neighbors, however, such as Scandinavia and some of the German states that are not affected. We allow Roman Catholic churches to spring up again, after the reunification of the churches, and many reactionary Eire-folk take advantage of it, having practiced their services in secret. Tales of Celtic myths continue to become popular amongst the nobles, and old aspects of pre-Norman Hiberno-Roman culture begin to be rediscovered. Copy for Bfox.
  • Cuzco: Economy and infrastructure improve. Population hits 153,000.
    • Wanka: Economy and infrastructure improve. Population hits 52,000.
    • Qullasuyu: Rebulidng continues following the end of the uprisings. Construction of a capital at the southernmost point of Lake Titicaca continues.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite does its job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. We continue to help finance the Plutocratic State of Jaunpur, Delhi Sultanate and Bahamani Sultanate by sending gifts directly to the nobles/sultans, offering loans from powerful trade bankers, and decreasing the trade taxes over all of Bengal, allowing more of our merchant goods to travel into those states. We also raise a portion of the Sultan's personal levy and then divide it out to be sent to the states leaders, so that they can do with them what they wish in order to maintain order in their nation. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase in scholars and literacy in our nation. Due to the removal of trade barriers between a majority of states in the Indian League, their merchants and ours begin to travel with increased mobility and goods, thereby increasing the trade income and output in the agreeing nations. With the plague being considered a far less threat now than it previously was, restrictions on trade and laws on inheritance/assests are changed to pre-plague laws. Due to the return to a high volume of trade after managing to work with a far smaller volume during the plague, investments by landed elites into expansion of their plantations, mines and levies increase exponentially. The Sultan continues to receive reports of traders in Ava being arrested and imprisoned and begins to contemplate taking action.
    • '​'Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslim settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom passes away and his son inherits the Kingdom from his father.
  • Caucasian Confederation: Caucasian shipwrights, encouraged by the discovery of a vast, untapped landmass to the east, begin designing Georgia's first native-built ocean-capable ships; though the Georgian Navy has some thirty "blue-water" craft, all of them were built by foreign powers (primarily the Ottomans, the Venetians, and the Romans). The expansion of Batumi and Alexsaportu that results from this naval innovation stimulates the Caucasian economies, as laborers from across the Orthodox kingdoms crowd the expanding urban coast of the Black Sea and Persian Gulf. This accelerates Alexsaportu's development, and just six years remain before the city is fully developed.
    • Caucasian Diplomacy: Caucasian merchants continue to petition the Raja of Gujarat.for the establishment of diplomatic relations and permission to construct a trade outpost and embassy at the mouth of the Sabatmati River [OTL Khambhat], with promises of technological assistance and support should he accept. (Mod response needed!) A few emissaries, having learned of the existence of the Indian League, begin inquiries among the courts of western India in hopes of receiving permission to observe the conference.
    • Kingdom of GeorgiaMepe Boris continues integrating Amier-Kavkasia into Georgia; the integration of the Principality is expected to take six more years. The construction of Kalaki Boris continues, and the city's first religious seminary - its faculty appropriated from a dozen similar monasteries across the Caucasian mountains - begins accepting applicants. Despite the official prohibition of the usage of "native" dialects, the lower orders of these applicants often provide sermons in "tribal" tongues, easing tensions in the region somewhat.
    • Principality of Rani: The gradual, bloody conversion of the Azeris to Orthodoxy continues; of the 309,000 Azeris, some 80,000 (26%) now profess Orthodox Christianity. The Mudafie Ordusu continues recruiting sympathetic Azeris into its ranks, bringing its total force strength up to 6000 "regulars" and 2000 reserves; of the regulars, some 4000 are mesame infantry, 800 are daakisros cavalry, and 1200 are darbeva cavalry. The Azeri force begins drilling in the borderlands across from the still-independent Sultanate of Azerbaijan, raising tensions.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy has massively swelled with thanks to the creation of the Spanish confederation and the addition of Aragon's trade and military fleet at Castile's disposal. Castile, as leader of the Spanish confederation, begins a series of economic and military reforms on all the kingdoms in order to expand all the local economies and militaries and centralize the confederation's economies in general. Castile at this point has explored farther down Africa establishing multiple trade posts along the way and reaching a point where the sea rounds the continent. However, the failure of supplies has led to this exploration fleet having to turn back. Castile has begun the development of a series of new ships meant to replace some of the aging designs and add some new innovations. The Castilian navy begins to replace multiple ships with the new carracks as some of the largest ships in the Castile fleet. The Castilian renaissance with the addition of Aragon's renaissance techniques has exploded significantly and with permission from the monarchy embroiled with organizing the Spanish confederacy and multiple projects the Renaissance has led to a mass amount of art and technological innovation being developed. Castile and its confederacy and vassals has now fully converted to the Western Church with the only exception being Cyprus due to its Orthodox roots and Orthodox leadership which prevents a total conversion. The Castilians begins to suffer issues within heavy trade cities of Gibraltar, and Seville as this disease begins killing many people. Castile regardless of the plague organizes a fleet of 12 ships to go through the canal for trade and exploratory purposes with multiple ships being filled to the brim with supplies and others with trade goods these ships make their first stop in Yemen. Three more unrelated ships push for mapping East Africa using the well established ports to do so pushing toward the Sanafah having much more supplies this time. The Kingdom of Granada is formally integrated into Castile with Ferdinand, now 16, taking more and more responsibility preparing to take the throne next year. King Ferdinand makes an appearance in Granada for his coronation as the King of Castile and Integrated Granada as well as a coronation of his kingship over Aragon fully. Castile expands its horizons on West African trade using a series of local trade posts outside of Oyos control to gain what it needs and prevent Castilian traders from being taken advantage of. With the disease over in Castile for the most part an estimated 700,000 people were killed with many of them being infants earning the plague the name "Infants Bane". However, population is made up significantly with the addition of nearly one million people integrated from Granada bringing Castile's proper population to nearly 7.7 million and slowly growing again thanks to birth rates recovering. Castile also begins a major army reform with multiple guns being remanufactured to be fired a bit faster and not require the stand to shoot from (even though it's still recommended.) Castile expands its trading post in the Cape of Good Hope to allow for more traders as well as housing some hired soldiers to defend from natives and prevent other people from setting up trade outposts. For the first time a ship is based from this trading post in South Africa giving them an escape route as well increased defences. The "Assassins" take up residence as King Ferdinand's right hand man assassinating any influential Muslim leaders in Morocco to keep organization down, their performance is considered spectacular. Ferdinand and Katrina have another child named Charles adding to Ferdinand and Alexis both now aged 2. Castile now with raw meterials coming in from the Kongo and lucrative spice trade coming in from India begins to look toward a more overseas type of economic and territorial expansion beginning to invest more into trade posts and other areas. This leads to an increased amount of traders starting to push toward expanding trade posts and resource exploitation out of areas like Morocco, and the Kongo. However, it's a more beneficial exploitation and hurting the workers among other issues are not undertaken to improve productivity. The men are paid a wage and are worked normal hours. Castile offers a solid amount of gold to Bengal to purchase some land and buildings in Bengals largest port city to increase the size of the trade company.
    • Kingdom of Aragon: The relatively good treatment of Aragon by Castile and the fallacy of actions of the previous king in burning various areas and completely razing Aragon's capital city have forever earned the enmity and hate of most of the Aragonian people, many of which believed they could continue their lives under Castile in a better fashion, with greater access to Castile's vast diplomatic, trade and military power. This, along with common religion and semi-related language, has led to a nearly seamless transition into the personal union. Nobles have been appointed by Prince Carlos of Castile personally who has personally overseen the majority of the war in Aragon which with his expertise, charisma and swaying abilities has led to many supporting his decisions on either side. Carlos himself is appointed the transitional governor of Aragon in order to facilitate a much smoother transition. The Kingdom's navy previously seized is returned to people sympathetic to Castilians and the military navy in particular is given to a series of respected and well known Aragonians loyal to Castile. Aragon's assimilation into Castile cultural base begins due to many nobles now speaking Spanish (Castilian) which shows a notable effect of a few people especially merchants and some developing artisans which are currently able to speak the language proficiently. Aragonians spurred on by Prince Carlos to rebuild Zaragoza continue the work needed to rebuild the city and the various burned towns surrounding the city with the city being moderately repaired. For the time being, however, the capital of Aragon proper is migrated to Valencia. With Castilian assistance various infrastructural areas are rebuilt and the military is expanded to a token force of 5000. Along with this support the Aragonian economy recovers slowly with a slow but controlled influx of Castilian economic aid helping Aragon recover. The Aragonian Navy is allowed by Castile to move toward settlements in the Canaries down into Capo Verde, and according to Castilian trade agreements docks in Oyo for trade nearly doubling their previous range. This is pushed down further pushing underneath Oyo farther down the coast using Castilian trade posts to explore. The ruling magistrate over Aragon signs a landmark trade deal with Castile which allows for Aragon's usage of Castile's large amounts of trade posts down the coast of Africa.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: The King of Cyprus is now King Alexander of Cyprus. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller west to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. The Kingdom of Cyprus due to the recent issues in Castile reluctantly recognizes Carlos and his Regency for Prince Ferdinand. Cyprus itself with its fleet of nearly 100 ships begins to take after the Venetian example with trade and begins to put Cypriot merchant ships into state possession for trade in order to help with the kingdom's finances and heavy trade. This show immediate results as a relative increase in funding and attention to trade between Castile and her allies begins to improve the quality of trade. 
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area. The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable number of Castilians settle the area. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom with many canals having been completed has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population reaches nearly 650,000 with Christianity becoming dominant in the area. Calne-Vicuna is finished and is opened as an center for Christianity in North Africa with a library said to rival old Alexandria's.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. With the King also adopts the name John, in favor of the king who began these exploratory operations down the coast of Africa. The King also organized a band of Christian soldiers who help keep the peace who also begin to help with conversions to Christianity as a series of missionaries and high level priests from the Western Church have come on a ship hearing of many pagans and heretics to convert. The King makes multiple successful campaigns against various of the petty kings in Kongo killing two of them and leaving the third on the run. The Christianization of multiple areas is completed and multiple others are begun. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a moderate amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods if possible.
      • Bengali Diplomacy: The Sultan accepts the sum of gold for property in the Port of Chittagong.
  • ’’’Milan:’’’ Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. Our turn is dedicated to military in both our nation and our vassals. We grow closer to Padua, having successfully liberated their city, and the hero of the liberation, Stephano the Brave, begins seeking a wife. Many begin to call for a possible counterattack into Venice to end their clashes with Milan once and for all, and possible plans are created.
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows, increasing our military capabilities in case of war. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. The recent classes of Koch ships are being manufactured in Novgorod. The town of St Patriksburg’s population grows a bit more that last year. As the construction of the town improves, the Kremlin finishes, trade becoming more in demand, the town gains slightly. Because of the trade road built with Tver our economy increases. After seeing a great success with the private schools in the cities of Novgorod, St Patriksburg, Staraya Russa, and Nizhny Novgorod. We start building another private school in Rostov and Yaroslavl. We complete building private schools in Torzhok and a private school in Staraya Ladoga. We dedicate this turn to military. We continue to establish ties with our allies Muscovy and Pskov. We answer the requests from Pskov and close borders to non-russian nations and institute quarantine to try to stop the plague.
    • Tver: We complete the construction of the private school in Tver and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Yaroslavl, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Yaroslavl: We complete the construction of the private school in Yaroslavl and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Rostov: We completed the construction of the private school in Rostov and start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Yaroslavl, Muscovy. We dedicate this turn to military.
  • Dai Viet: The nation of Dai Viet begins expanding its military to protect the nation against any foreign attack. A reform of the military is put in place to better organize local levies. Taking elements from the Chinese structure, the army is divided into platoons of 50 troops, companies made of two platoons, and one battalion composed of 500 soldiers. The amount of levies required from each provincial head is slightly raised, so that the majority of a province’s levies are called into the national government in times of crisis. The government begins an active role in equipping some units, using its funds to ensure that the entirety of the militia is equipped with pikes and swords. Crossbows also begin to be used in select units, who are trained to be most effective during cavalry charges and to provide support for our infantry. Government forces are called and put to the test securing our southern border, garrisoning in recently acquired territory. Alongside expanding ground forces, the government also sees to need to expand naval forces, a process that began several decades ago. Small ships capable of longer journeys are constructed in major port cities, and cities in the south along the coast are expanded to facilitate naval activity on par with our northern cities. Trade ships are attracted to our major ports from nearby nations. Facilities are upgraded to better facilitate trade, upgrading our economy. 
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Grand Duchess Eleanor and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1484 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1484, Eleanor commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The market center in Landshut continues to attract Bavarian and Venetian traders. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Eleanor ends her predecessor's policies of advancing Sedevanticism in the government. As the new Grand Duchess, Eleanor continues to vet and interrogate most of the powerful nobles of Bavaria. To work more efficiently, she appoints Vallerio Volpe as her spymaster. By the end of the year, Eleanor hosts a more developed middle class in Trausnitz than her numerous predecessors had. This earns her the sobriquet "The Middling Queen" to flavor the already popular "Merchant Queen" title. In other news, Eleanor continues to develop her cousin's seemingly successful administrative policies. Court physicians continue to bathe in religious ceremonies, hoping to appease God. In national news, the common courts continue to be implemented around Bavaria as several of the lower class make use it of. The serf laws begin to be used as well. While not extremely active, as many as three dozen serfs earn their freedom by the end of the year. Many freed serfs find work and home in the cities, while others continue to informally live on their lords' lands. This situation becomes a status quo and is forseen to last the century. Many skeptics of Eleanor's reforms predict they will not affect Bavaria much until 1500.
    • Munchen: By 1484, the total class of Queen Isabell University amounts to about 3410 men. Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. 
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The clergy of Wurzburg find small solace as the Grand Duchess is the somewhat temperate, analytical Eleanor. 
  • Trier: We dedicate this turn to military, as do our vassals. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne and Austria and her vassals. To improve infrastructure we begin building several defenses, and roads to link towns across the nation. Fortifications around our capital are improved and updated. 
  • County of Oldenburg: Military is built up. More men join the army and navy.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The three main ringleaders of the anti-Bishop faction are found dead in their rooms, stabbed multiple times. The Order of the Seraphim is built up.
  • Hungary and all its vassals and puppets and states in personal union work on expanding their armed forces. There is an increase in trading between them all, along with increased trading with Moscovy and thus allows economic growth. Road construction also continues as for greater trade, better infrastructure is needed. Hungary also focuses highly on building better naval ships and upgrading old ships as well as putting many obsolete ships into retirement.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The king, as well as Elsa, is elated that the marriage is accepted. The powerful Scandinavian Empire expands its military in response to Hamburg's 'concern' in case of a possible attack from the German nation. The navy continues to expand while the army, especially in the vassal states, is improved with new equipment. Scandinavia assures Hamburg that if there is a war between the two nations, Scandinavia will not be the aggressor, but it will be the victor.
  • China: Continues integrating the annexed lands of Inner Mongolia and the process of taming the horse lords of the north. To the south, relations with the Tran Dynasty in Vietnam are improved while Lao Xing and the Khmer Empire expand their economies by exporting silk and dried tea into South East Asia. China continues aggressively asserting pressure on the remaining Taiwanese states to join Tainan in a unifed nation. Tainan expands through the mountains of Taiwan filling out the remaining unoccupied areas. Xitun capitulates to Tainanese and Chinese pressure as the immense treasure fleet sails into its territorial waters in a threatening manner and it is annexed into Tainan. The pressure amps up on Hualian. The Haixi Jurchens and Mongol Khanate work with Korea to develop their economies and trade network which is based on exporting horses and minerals to China and Southern Asia. The Chinese lands in Japan work on integration and stability whilst China itself develops its shipyards with naval engineers planning to build ships that are smaller and more maneuverable. The court eunuchs of China continue to iron out their plans. Lanxhou's economy is bolstered and there is talk within the imperial circles of establishing it as a secondary capital much like Yan (Beijing).
  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. Relations with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continue to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc.
    • Kingdom of Sicily: The army continue the process of assimilation of Italian tactics that spread through the Mediterranean, promoting the use of early firearms. The economy of the island is mostly cereal crops. Thanks to Italian support the exploitation of olives and wine grapes continues. 
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continue. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies; is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy into one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy. 
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles. 
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom.
    • Vatican City: The Pope continues the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope, like his predecessor, condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The nephew of Pope Callistus III, Rodrigo Borgia continue his ascent in the Roman Curia.
    • Order of the Knights of Malta: The Grand Master of the Order Piero Raimondo Camelot, uses his fleet of ten ships to patrol the central Mediterranean, also helping needy Christians. Military elements are improved, and the economy is maintained by the Italian and Sicilian support.
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve.

1485

PMIII 1485
In the early months of spring multiple earthquakes occur around the region of Taishan, China.

Sensing that the Aztec government is unable to effectively administer their provinces, several tribes subjugated by the Aztecs in the north revert back to their own culture, rejecting Aztec laws and customs. In the far north influence from the Mississippi civilizations has caused many to convert to their way of life, leading to its inhabitants overthrowing the Aztec administration in favor of local chiefs. Several tribes, including the Chichimeques, Tarasques and Hauxteques declare their independence or have similar clashes with the Aztec authorities.

A string of high-profile murders occurs in Oldenburg, in which the victim is found with a rare playing card on their person. Upon hearing about this, Bishop Rudolph of Osnabruck, having recently become increasingly sadistic, laughs off the strange occurrence, leading to the birth of his nickname, “the Joker”. While investigating in the area an assassin fires a crossbow at Balthasar, grazing his face and leaving a scar on the side of his face. To hide the mark Balthasar begins wearing a black mask over the upper half of his face while undercover.

Can we just disregard these mod events, because these are getting a little ridiculous and have been consistently not funny?

Why do you assume they're meant to be funny and aren't aimed purely toward toppling Rudolph's regime in Osnabruck?

Mostly because the Batman events feel like an April Fool's joke that's gone on for far too long.

^^^

Seriously, guys. You're not funny. We need a humour mod.

I'm pretty sure these events are made to be serious, not funny. 

We have BATMAN and THE JOKER. Are YOU joking?

Why does Batman get the scars?

Like how in any sense are these events meant to be serious? As said perfectly well above, it's BATMAN and THE JOKER? When will Robin show up?

1487 I believe.

I think we should have a Captain Mayan, to counter this stuff. Spartian300 (talk) 21:56, April 27, 2014 (UTC)

How about not?

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers continue to explore the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, shipwrights continue to fuse and modify aspects of ships that are known to operate around the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, in order to develop larger ocean-going ships.
  • Mon decides to expand the Conte tribe another 100 sq km east along the Kunene, finding fertile land where the Kunene pools just north of the OTL Angola-Namibia border. Here they plants seeds, but due to the inexperience at farming, there is low output of grain, which avoids the starvation of the clan, but does nothing to solve hunger. Mon begins to consolidate territory, and slows down on raiding other tribes. In the middle of the Kunene, there is an Island. It is here where Mon decides to build a tent for himself, and his family.
  • Prussia: The Prussians begin to develop their military. The Prussians continue to build their new navy.
    • Courland: The Curonians also continue developing their military.
    • Ossel-Wiek: Ossel-Wiek also continues developing their military. Duke Franz continues to reshape the face of Arenburg.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The Scandinavian economy expands as Scandinavia builds more ships to protect its routes. The income from its various trade partners stimulates the already powerful Scandinavian market. Scandinavia expresses wishes to repair relations with Prussia, a nation with which Scandinavia should already be friendly. The Hamburg situation is remedied through trade blocks and heightened fees for passing through Scandinavian waters.
  • Kingdom of Gwalior: The infrastructure had been developed with the construction of numerous forts. The muskets that the army had waited for finally arrived along with Oirat musketeers to train the army. The training was started after the Oirat musketeers were given some time to rest. Although the muskets sent had been short of 3000 muskets, Raja Vikram was nevertheless delighted as Gwalior had become one of the first Indian States to gain access to the musket. At the very same time, developments in the artillery had resulted in Gwalior developing the horse artillery. Together with the musketeers, Raja Vikram had created a total of four battalions for the Gwalior Offence Forces, each consisting of 750 men [500 muskets on horses and 250 horse artillery]. The battalions would be supported by men with swords and bows and arrows. The army expanded 20 px to the West toward Mewar before subsequently declaring war on them on 29th December, 1485

Again, none of the nations is disorganized, furthermore, you're all in the Indian League, so I'm not sure how easy it is to declare war, and last but not least, I believe you border Mewar not Marwar-Sky

Yeah, sorry. Changed it to Mewar. As far as whether they are disorganized or not is concerned, I believed it was fairly plausible for me to attack them anyway similarly to how there were Crusades against Morocco and the Ottoman blockade of Constantinople. Yeah, while we are all part of the Indian League, I believe that this does not stop one from invading another state's territory. Gwalior's invasion, itself, would be supported by a couple of states in India who would be bribed to do so by Gwalior possibly giving them access to the muskets. Also, we've already seen how USA has invaded Iraq, Afghanistan and NATO intervened in Libya. These happened in modern times and right now we're in Medieval Times which were filled with wars so I think I can do it. Also, so far as the Treaty of Delhi is concerned, it was signed to prevent any foreign power from entering India - while Gwalior is itself an Indian Nation and the strongest Hindu nation in terms of technology. So other Hindu states in India would support Gwalior - which is what I believe - and by support I mean vocal support. - DatGwaliorGuy

You're not the strongest, not by far. Also, you need to make an algorithm.         Centriflag   Tonight the foxes will hunt the hounds!  15:28, April 27, 2014 (UTC)

You don't even have a casus belli. What's your reasoning behind the war? Lulz and random wanton expansion are not legitimate reasons. -Feud

I'll add the algorithm next turn. As far as the justification behind the war is concerned, it is to gain control of the rich fertile lands of Mewar as well as the numerous resources which Gwalior could utilise for either its own gain or the Gwalior - Mewar Union which would form [In case you wonder why I did not find a diplomatic solution to forming a Union, well to test my military strength and have greater Gwalior influence in the union]. Other reasons include a need to further unite the Hindus of India due to an increase of influence of the Muslim Bengal Sultanate. If you find the reasons enough for me to invade him, then remove them . - GwaliorGuy

You just crossed out every single post after this. Be more careful with your editing.         Centriflag   Tonight the foxes will hunt the hounds!  17:10, April 27, 2014 (UTC)

Yeah, sorry. Made a mistake

Unite the Hindus against Bengal? You are killing Hindus to unite them? Smart

  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. Relations with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continues to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc.
    • Kingdom of Sicily: The army continues the process of assimilation of Italian tactics that spread through the Mediterranean, promoting the use of early firearms. The economy of the island is mostly cereal crops. Thanks to Italian support the exploitation of olives and wine grapes continues. 
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continues. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies, is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy into one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy. 
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles. 
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom.
    • Vatican City: The Pope continues the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope, like his predecessor, condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The nephew of Pope Callistus III, Rodrigo Borgia continue his ascent in the Roman Curia.
    • Order of the Knights of Malta: The Grand Master of the Order Piero Raimondo Camelot, uses his fleet of ten ships to patrol the central Mediterranean, also helping needy Christians. Military elements are improved, and the economy is maintained by the Italian and Sicilian support.
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve.
  • Hamburg-Mecklenburg: Merchants are outraged at the increased fees from Scandinavia, and demands are made to lower them. Calls are made to Albion, Prussia and the Netherlands, fellow members of the NSTA, to call for reduced fees by Scandinavia. Ship improvement continues, with designs far superseding those a few ago. Wheellock production continues, and seems to be a viable investment. Hamburgian trade power in the Baltic continues to grow, thanks to the Mecklenburgian ports. Trade between the African trade center grows, and they begin expanding their walls. Later in the year Hamburg sends its first voyage to the Oldenburg whaling post, eager to cash in on what appears to be a lucrative industry.
    • Magdeburg: Infrastructure expanded.
  • Mughal Empire: The Emperor issues increased funding on importing and developing gunpowder-based weaponry. Mirza also once more requests for a royal marriage with the daughter of the Kathiawar ruler. (Mod response, please)
  • 'Accepted', enjoy your nuptial bliss.
  • County of Oldenburg: With Hamburg sending its first whaling expedition to the Northern Seas, the OHG is facing serious competition for the first time. The OHG assembles its largest whaling fleet ever; putting all the ships it has into the Northern Fleet. By doing so, the company's Board of Governors aims to send a clear message to the newcomers: The whales are ours. Dietrichdorf (in Neu Borkum, Greenland) and Waldorf (in Neu Baltrum) both bear witness to wholesale slaughter of whales and seals on an unprecedented level. So much oil and skins are produced that the outposts can't even process it all, with the surplus put in warehouses. Unlike the company, the governors of Neu Baltrum and Neu Borkum welcome the Hamburgers with wide open arms, glad for both the taxes and for being able to see a new human face. The competition also helps the Big Three Banks.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The Bishop's new nickname is quickly taken up by the country's townspeople, and is used primarily by the growing opposition to Rudolf's regime. The Bishop begins plans for Church control over all land in Osnabruck, including the towns. The Episcopal Bank makes good profits through investing in the OHG's bumper catch. 
  • Alyeskan Khaganate: Chakhundorji Khagan dies, ironically, of the plague. His son and heir, although only sixteen, now becomes Khagan, taking the name of Galdan. Due to his predilection for fancy scarlet cloth and martial exercises, though, he is known as the Red Khagan. In a speech to the assembled chieftains of the Alyeskan domains, he declares his intention to transform Alyeska into a mighty state. The Nuchaanulth are further influenced (Turn Three of Nine). Meanwhile, though, he reforms the military, taking advantage of the increased population to re-institute conscription. This enables him to from eight uhlans of a thousand men each. Optimistically, he creates a new military unit, "the banner", of ten thousand men, although he doesn't actually yet have any. Important developments also happen in the navy. The Khagan offers a prize of 500 pounds of gold to the man who can construct a large yet quick and easy to build ocean-going ship, as panokseons are not suitable for long voyages and Fuchuan ships take decades to construct. In the meantime, he sends five panokseons south along the coast in search of an area where it is hot enough to grow crops which can not survive in the cold Alyeskan climate. Tea and silk cultivation, specifically, can be undertaken only in the small territories held in the Tsimshian lands on the mainland. Accordingly, the Khagan expands this domain by 200 km.
    • Haida: The Haida acknowledge the new Khagan with gifts and by launching a huge southward raid in his name. Some raider sreach as far south as Northern California. The economy expands.
    • Please stop vassalizing nations and tribes that aren't on the map whatsoever .... -Feud
  • Fusahito Theocracy: The immense profit made from voyages to the Spice Islands to the south encourages private traders as well as state merchant ships to make the voyage.
    • Toki State: The military is integrated into the Imperial army and engineers from the Theocracy help to update agriculture to the standards of the Empire. The Gintsuka currency is also put in place.
  • Ethiopia: We build up our military and navy. The navy builds more ships for trade. Many churches are still continuing to be built. We use the Nile River to trade with our allies Alexandria. Agriculture is our biggest industry in the country besides trade. We expand our nation's southern borders 15 px south. The wall and outposts around the capital city are still in the process of being built. Our nation expands our northern borders 15 px north into the disorganized territory. We expand our eastern border 15 px east. The reason for going east is to get to the Indian Ocean and to get coastal lands. Due to a population boom, farmers grow more food for our hungry citizens. The king starts the build of great castle of Ethiopia. Trade ships sail to Arabia to trade with them and expand our influence to them. 
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of them. We buy more books from China. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We begin building up our military and create even tougher practices.
  • In Ayutthaya, infrastructure projects continue. This also results in a boom in trade, spreading out throughout South-Eastern Asia, its effects reaching China in the North, Sanafah in the West, Australia to the South and Japan to the East. Meanwhile, as we have secured the straits of Malacca, we slightly reduce the dues to pass through, causing significantly more trade to pass that way. Gold pours into the kingdoms. More ships are built, partially for trade purposes, with our ships reaching as far as as Southern Africa, and with planned expeditions even moving over the Cape of Good Hope. We establish trade posts throughout India and Southern Asia. Relations between religions continue to be excellent, with the Buddhist majority welcoming the smaller Hindu and Muslim minorities. We begin to influence Aru, helping them stabilize their state. Each of the kingdoms swears fealty to the new King, as do the vassals. Trade continues to flow through Sukhothai to China. Work continues on the Spire of Indaraja - the H̄xkhxy h̄æ̀ng Indraja - in the city of Ayutthaya. A massive monument, it is a spire reaching almost 100 feet tall, expected to be finished in 1500. Made mostly out of white marble and gold inlay, this is accompanied by a massive renovation project reaching throughout the cities of Ayutthaya, building new roads, new walls and new houses throughout the nation. Meanwhile, we again offer to build trading posts in Sanafah and Dai Viet. Another few ships cross the Cape of Good Hope, but, finding it far less rich than India, China and Arabia, it is decided to abandon it and confine our trade to Asia and Eastern Africa. More ships land in the Marriwuyanga Empire. The Golden Army continues to train, along with hundreds of other militias and armies. All vassals expand their economies, and their infrastructure..
    • Scar, I would appreciate if you would REFRAIN from deleting my turns when you post yours.
  • Oyo Empire: The Oyo expand their colony on Sao Tome by 250 km, bringing the entire island within their control and establishing complete dominition over the surrounding waters as a result. The navy of Oyo expands in size, increasing its fleet by five yanyan and two nlanla. The expedition fleet by Oyo to India reaches its shores, and the establishment of a trade outpost with India begins. Once again, while Oyo does not own any of the land, it is allowed to use the land to trade with surrounding nations (that means no Oyo colony in India folks). Elsewhere, Oyo conducts a census, showing a population of 9,314,551 people, indictating recovery from the plague which devastated the nation only a decade ago. Oyo expands its military, economy and infrastructure as it develops, and continues to produce large numbers of gunpowder weaponry.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to expand its trade, focusing on expanding its connections and trade ports in both the North Sea as well as the seas past the Canal. The pegging of the Tartart currency to the Roman Stavraton gives further credibility to the newfound strength of the Roman economy. The Roman military begins to experiment with some of the inventions of Carlo de Patra, who continues his work on exploring the anatomy of Humans. Research on the Venetian ship designs also continues. Thomas and his new wife Elsa continue to tour the Empire to gather the support of the people, and the empress-to-be soon earns considerable loyalty with her commitment to learning the Greek language and the Roman culture.
    • Albania: The military continues to expand and continues its training, augmenting its ability to fight with matchlock muskets. The Albanian currency is also pegged in value to the Roman Stavraton, increaing Roman economic influence.
  • Rumania: Mircea II, now 29, orders the construction of a navy for the purpose of defending trade routes to Alexandria and Azov. A dozen new ships are constructed in Constanta, each a moderate 30 feet in length and equipped with 16 small two-pounder cannons, bringing the fleet total up to 36 caravels. The printing press continues to spread across Rumania. As much as 8% of the nation has reached basic literacy, and the Moralists promote education of commoners by priests, in order to give everyone the opportunity to read the Bible. More Leus are minted and the currency begins to replace the Ducat within Rumania.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: The economy continues to grow. The printing press spreads south into Bulgaria just as in Rumania.
  • Cuzco: Economy and Infrastructure improve. The King, who has been worrying about the Ica-Nazca gaining the upper ground in Tawasuyu, prepares for the possibility of war with them. In preparation for war, Cuzco annexes the Wankas bringing Cuzco's population up over 200,000.
    • Qullasuyu: Rebuilding contninues, as many areas where set ablaze during the uprisings. With overcrowding becoming more of an issue in Cuzco, the Cuzcan army begins to slaughter the Aymarans that live here in the post war era. Within a year, 3000 Aymaras are killed and another 6000 are made into workers who are contribution to the building of the new capital. Roughly 4000 Cuzcans live in the area, meaing the Aymara still outnumber the roughly Cuzcans 2:1. Another round of purges are planned for next year. The Population hits 13,000, with 4000 of those being ethincly Cuzcans and the other 9000 being Aymaras, and 6000 of those are in slavery. The Cuzcan army remains a strong presence in the area, having roughly 1700 soldiers in the nation.
  • Oman: Work on the mosque continues, and after first attempts at the dome collapse, killing several workers, a new dome design has to be thought up, which builders say could take some time. The work on the war-galleys continues, with thousands of young men being signed up to work on the ships, keeping Oman's waters clean of pirates and other threats. A small town is established on the island of Masirah. The economy grows as the trade of the spices from Banda booms, and the wealthy trade districts of Muscat benefit greatly.
    • Ayutthaya makes contact and sends over a trading treaty.
  • Mapuche:  The expedition north continues and maps are drawn up for distribution among the villages and to Draven. In the Mapuche lands, iron tools become widely utilized among the majority of farmers and craftsmen, providing a solid boost in productivity and improving the Mapuche economy. There are 38,246 Mapuche.
  • Netherlands: Maurice finally returns to the Netherlands after two years abroad, with him is his new bride who gives birth to a girl who is named Wilhemia van Nassau-Orleans. The great expedition East is finally launched after three years of preprations. a fleet of 20 ships carrying a total of 1200 men set out first to consolidate Neiuwe Friesland and to secure the outpost on the Nigerian Coast once and for all, from there it sets out to the Indian Ocean to finally reach India nad the Orient and begin direct trading with them. Meanwhile, a second expeditions of ten ships carrying 500 men are sent through the canal in Alexandria in accordance with the treaty to begin exploring the near east and to also open you trade with the east. Trade grows as Dutch traders expand their range of travel and the products they deal in. As the economy grows so do the funds available for supporting the arts and sciences. Naval expansion continues as does military expansion with the army expanding and more and more firearms and cannons being produced. 
  • The Empire of Madagasikara launches the planned invasion of the Comoros in April, when the winds change and the time for war is deemed to be the best possible. The Tiavina, led by a fully-Christian crew, as well as the fleet of 186 dhows and 213 war canoes join the flagship, under Admiral Soliary Canapastry, in the invasion. The invasion begins in Pembara, which is quickly subdued and willingly joins Madagasikara, abandoning their Mulsim overlords (Pembara is largely Christian). Then, Canapastry takes the fleet to first Mayotte and manages the defeat the largest of the Comoran armies. Then, quick invasion of Anjouan and Moheli follow in early summer. In a final push, a huge battle over Grande Comore takes place and Bakr III is arrested. He is brought back to Madgasikara and tried before the Council of Elders who rule that he committed treason and should be sent to be executed. Meanwhile, the remaining thousands of Muslims convert to Christianity with only a very small minority remaining in remote locations. Bishop Julio Marciano Gabriel continues to spread Christianity along the coast, gaining a significant foothold in al-Swahili and other mostly Muslim states. Pressure from south and north begin to make conversion extremely convenient and a notable Swahili imam openly converts to Christianity, creating minor issues in that state. Meanwhile, vassalization of Maputo continues. The Comoros, now under Madagasikaran control, is officially integrated with the rest of the nation. The position of Emir of Sanafah goes extinct as the last of the line of Bakr I dies out in an effort to remove Muslim influences. The large mosque in Mahanjanga is finally converted fully into a small church, and plans for a later Cathedral in the European style begins. Betsileo continues to experience conversion and a vast majority of Betsileans are now Christian. The Betsilean and Sakalavan cultures continue to mix to good results, as local dialects die out and are replaced by Latinized Malagasy, from Mahajanga. Toamisina begins to be prepared for annexation into Madagasikara, planned to happen before the decade is out. Sofala is leading the Madagasikaran states in terms of conversion as a percent of population and use of Spanish, which continues to make trade simple. Economy turn.
    • Madagasikaran Diplomacy: We reject the Ayutthayan offer for them to take over one of our ports, but allow them limited docking rights.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: The nation of Muscovy begins trading along routes routing through the nation of Novgorod and its vassals, and the nation of Pskov. Money collected through trade and taxation is saved this year in the Muscovite treasury in case of an emergency. Trade routes are established between the nations of Poland, Hungary, Rumania, and the Roman Empire, and we promote friendly relations with all these nations. We become closer to Novgorod through trade, relying on Novgorod for safe land routes into our northern territory. The second state of the Ukraine continues to be vassalized, as trade routes are established to the city of Odessa. In case of attack we expand our military, recruiting free levies from our cities to protect local regions of our nation. Pikes and crossbows become common equipment in some units after they begin to be produced locally to outfit local regiments. Bowmen continue to be an essential part of our military to provide support for melee units, with some gunpowder weaponry being used. In major cities Kremlins are upgraded and outfitted with modern equipment and dedicated garrisons to combat any threat or invasion. The largest Kremlin, located in Moscow, is especially upgraded, with new walls being added that are wider and can hold cannons. Italian architects are also invited to our courts to design certain aspects of the city. Settlement in the north is encouraged, bringing Christian and Russian traditions to the north of our territory and even into northern Siberia, a territory held by the Mongol hordes to the east. By this time much of the population of our northern territory is converted to Christianity, and the fear of Dmitri the Impaler convinces many to remain that way, preventing the spread of unwanted foreign ideals. We hope to improve relations with the Tartary for now, so that our nations can prevent fighting in the future. We order the construction of the fortress of Dmitrigorod facing Narva. This turn is officially dedicated to military.
    • Lithuania: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Trade between Moscow, Prussia and other nations helps to amass wealth, which is partially used to finance infrastructural projects and military fortifications.
  • Mayan Empire: WIth the Aztec empire in decline, the Emperor, in all his glory, begins expanding his army, and has many weapons made in case of war. Mining becomes important to the economy, and iron and obsidian weapons are made for the men. Priests of the Emperor's Cult begin perfoming sacrifices to the Emperor, and people begin to fear and respect the God-like power of the God Emperor.
  • Caucasian Confederation: While all effort in the Georgian portions of the Confederation is directed to the war with Azerbaijan [see Diplomacy], Armenia and Assyria expand their domestic infrastructure to handle the greater logistical demands of the growing naval base at Alexsaportu, which has just five years remain before its development completes. 22,000 troops  of the combined Georgian and Amier-Kavkasian Jarishuri and the Ranite Mudafie Ordusu surge across the Azeri border with their attached siege equipment from Armenia and Assyria, intending to break the Sultanate and finally secure Orthodox control of the Caucasus.
    • Caucasian DiplomacyGeorgia declares war on Azerbaijan, backed by its vassals Rani and Amier-Kavkasia; its union partners Armenia and Assyria provide military aid but do not directly enter the war. [I'll post the algorithm tomorrow when I have time to run the numbers now because I hate working.] Meanwhile, Caucasian merchants continue to petition the Raja of Gujarat.for the establishment of diplomatic relations and permission to construct a trade outpost and embassy at the mouth of the Sabatmati River [OTL Khambhat], with promises of technological assistance and support should he accept. (Mod response needed!) A few emissaries, having learned of the existence of the Indian League, begin inquiries among the courts of western India in hopes of receiving permission to observe the conference.
    • Kingdom of GeorgiaMepe Boris continues integrating Amier-Kavkasia into Georgia; the integration of the Principality is expected to take five more years. With the mobilization of the Amier-Kavkasian contingents, military integration between Georgian and Kavkasian forces begins. The Mepe plans to incorporate the Kavkasian troops as a single combined entity for the time being, in order to placate local nobles who fear the total subsumption of their province.
    • Principality of Rani: With another war against Azerbaijan raging, conversion of the remaining Muslim Azeris is temporarily halted. The 3000 reservists of the Mudafie Ordusu are garrisoned in Arran itself as a quick-reaction force for any Muslim uprisings that may occur during the war.
  • Trier: We dedicate this turn to military, as do our vassals. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne, and Austria and her vassals. To improve infrastructure we begin building several defenses, and roads to link towns across the nation. Fortifications around our capital are improved and updated.
  • Alexandria: Trade continues to increase as the ports are re-established. Merchants complaints of safety in the Somali lands dies down due to action taken by Alexandria. The trade issue ends with Alexandria taking enclaves along the coast of the region. More people are converted to Coptic Christianity due to the See of Saint Mark's presence, including those of the True Faith, the Christian region of Alexandria is nowhere near as harmed as the Islamic region by the plague (due to better living conditions), leaving many Muslims to reconsider their faith. Resources are sent to Aiguptia to maintain and protect the canal as that process continues and workers are encouraged to go seek out this opportunity. The economy picks up again as trade safety is improved in East Africa. Christians in North African nations are invited to immigrate to Alexandria . Missionaries and dignitaries remain in the Nubia region hoping to convert and influence some of the Nile cities (Turn Fourteen). The land acquired from Yemen by the Red Sea continues to see a port town established for sailors and merchants to rest before going into the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean, there is a medium increase in population as more people look to get into the trade business and travel from Castile requires a stop for their sailors. Officials finally catch up to immigration but do not anticipate the amount of immigrants for this year as well. In the province of Judea soldiers are to protect both Christian, Islamic and Jewish pilgrimages. Taxes are not like those in Alexandria where they favor Christians, but rather equal for all three of these religions. Small amounts of conversions take place mainly converting Christians and Muslims to Coptic Christianity. The region of Egypt completes consolidation into the kingdom and divided into provinces. Despite this consolidation a small number of revolts take place in the province of Thebes (South Nile Valley) by Muslims. Alexandria sends in troops to the south to keep the region calm and free revolt. Missionaries are also sent in to do some potentially forceful conversions. Alexandria works extensively on its navy as it wishes to further explore the deepest reaches of the Great Eastern Sea (OTL Indian Ocean). The Alexandria expedition returns from Bengal. OTL Goa becomes a massive destination for Alexandrian trades and relationships continued to be established.. They continue establish a trade post and presence here. Crown Prince Kyriacos is happy for his betrothal to Milan's own Anastasia. Grigorios begins plans of a reconstructed lighthouse on the cite of the citadel. Relations are established with the nation at OTL Goa. Mill Turn. Kaffa becomes interested in Ethiopian culture.  
    • Aiguptia: Continues to stabilize the nation. Engineers, cartographers and philosophers from all trade partners are offered jobs to work on expanding the Philadelphi Canal to take on present day cogs, treasure fleets and other ships. At many points ships can pass freely using two separate canals or wide manmade lakes. However, there are still flows to be worked out, and portions to be widened, although the work becomes minimal. Citizens and people in the surrounding regions and province are converted to Coptic Christianity. Missionaries continue to convert people, especially in Cairo. Cairo also attracts many in anticipation of the canal. The city at the crossing point of the canal OTL Zagazig, begins to be filled by merchants and people looking to get involved in the trade industry, but becomes known for poorer living conditions and being put at risk for the plague. Military learns as they progress in the war. Missionaries and organizers are sent to Nubia region to assist in building a kingdom there. Mercenaries are raised to assist the Alexandrian merchants in their conflict for safe trade in order to maintain a presence on the former Somali land. Aiguptia expands 50 px into the Sinai Peninsula.
  • Dai Viet: This turn is officially dedicated to military expansion. The nation of Dai Viet begins expanding its military to protect the nation against any foreign attack. The government begins an active role in equipping some units, using its funds to ensure that the entirety of the militia is equipped with pikes and swords. Crossbows also begin to be used in select units, who are trained to be most effective during cavalry charges and to provide support for our infantry. Government forces are called and put to the test securing our southern border, garrisoning in recently acquired territory. Alongside expanding ground forces, the government also sees to need to expand naval forces, a process that began several decades ago. Small ships capable of longer journeys are constructed in major port cities, and cities in the south along the coast are expanded to facilitate naval activity on par with our northern cities. Trade ships are attracted to our major ports from nearby nations. Facilities are upgraded to better facilitate trade. With several dozen small trade ships and warships under the command of the government vassals, and several ships under its personal command, the government orders a series of operations in the east waters of the nation, hoping to root out pirates and protect trade routes. As a test of our navy, our largest warships, equipped with cannons and other weapons, make several expeditions around the Biển Đông (South China Sea).
  • Pskov gains money from trade, Navy benefits as a result, Alexandr starts continuyes on his journey back with spices from India and Silks and Spices and teas from China. Writes in his journal.
  • China: Continues integrating the annexed lands of Inner Mongolia and the process of taming the horse lords of the north. To the south, relations with the Tran Dynasty in Vietnam are improved while Lao Xing and the Khmer Empire expand their economies by exporting silk and dried tea into South East Asia. China continues aggressively asserting pressure on the remaining Taiwanese states to join Tainan in a unifed nation. Tainan expands through the mountains of Taiwan filling out the remaining unoccupied areas. Xitun capitulates to Tainanese and Chinese pressure as the immense treasure fleet sails into its territorial waters in a threatening manner and it is annexed into Tainan. The pressure amps up on Hualian. The Haixi Jurchens and Mongol Khanate work with Korea to develop their economies and trade network which is based on exporting horses and minerals to China and Southern Asia. The Chinese lands in Japan work on integration and stability whilst China itself develops its shipyards with naval engineers planning to build ships that are smaller and more maneuverable. The court eunuchs of China continue to iron out their plans. Lanxhou's economy is bolstered and there is talk within the imperial circles of establishing it as a secondary capital much like Yan (Beijing).
  • ’’’Milan:’’’ Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. Our turn is dedicated to military in both our nation and our vassals. We grow closer to Padua, having successfully liberated their city, and the hero of the liberation, Stephano the Brave, begins seeking a wife. Many begin to call for a possible counter attack into Venice to end their clashes with Milan once and for all, and possible plans are created. An Austrian lord of Visconti birth offers to purchase the port of Ragusa, Venetian Montenegro, and the remaining Ionian Islands, since he already owns some of them.
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows, increasing our military capabilities in case of war. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. The recent classes of Koch ships are being manufactured in Novgorod. The town of St Patriksburg’s population grows a bit more that last year. As the construction of the town improves, the Kremlin finishes, trade becoming more in demand, the town gains slightly. Because of the trade road built with Tver our economy increases. After seeing a great success with the private schools in the cities of Novgorod, St Patriksburg, Staraya Russa, and Nizhny Novgorod. We start building another private school in Rostov and Yaroslavl. We complete building private schools in Torzhok and a private school in Staraya Ladoga. We dedicate this turn to military. We continue to establish ties with our allies Muscovy and Pskov.
    • Tver: We complete the construction of the private school in Tver and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Yaroslavl, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Yaroslavl: We complete the construction of the private school in Yaroslavl and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Rostov: We completed the construction of the private school in Rostov and start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Yaroslavl, Muscovy. We dedicate this turn to military.
  • Hesse: We build up military. We continue to improve relations with surrounding states.
  • Ottoman Sultanate: The Sultan begins to feel ill as he ages. When he feels better during Hajj season, he decides to go on another pilgrimage to Mecca in hopes to purify himself and to cure him of his ailments. The Grand Vizier watches over the Sultanate in his absence, and continues to grow the military as the vassalization of Syria continues. A small force of 100 soldiers is sent to a small town outside of Aleppo that had been protesting the Ottoman missionaries from being sent. Meanwhile, the Ottoman port city in Mesopotamia continues to fair well as ships are getting farther and farther as time goes on.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy has massively swelled with thanks to the creation of the Spanish confederation and the addition of Aragon's trade and military fleet at Castile's disposal. Castile, as leader of the Spanish confederation, begins a series of economic and military reforms on all the kingdoms in order to expand all the local economies and militaries and centralize the confederation's economies in general. Castile at this point has explored farther down Africa establishing multiple trade posts along the way and reaching a point where the sea rounds the continent. However, the failure of supplies has led to this exploration fleet having to turn back. Castile has begun the development of a series of new ships meant to replace some of the aging designs and add some new innovations. The Castilian navy begins to replace multiple ships with the new carracks as some of the largest ships in the Castile fleet. The Castilian renaissance with the addition of Aragon's renaissance techniques has exploded significantly and with permission from the monarchy embroiled with organizing the Spanish confederacy and multiple projects the Renaissance has led to a mass amount of art and technological innovation being developed. Castile and its confederacy and vassals has now fully converted to the Western Church with the only exception being Cyprus due to its Orthodox roots and Orthodox leadership which prevents a total conversion. The Castilians begins to suffer issues within heavy trade cities of Gibraltar, and Seville as this disease begins killing many people. Castile regardless of the plague organizes a fleet of 12 ships to go through the canal for trade and exploratory purposes with multiple ships being filled to the brim with supplies and others with trade goods these ships make their first stop in Yemen. Three more unrelated ships push for mapping East Africa using the well established ports to do so pushing toward the Sanafah having much more supplies this time. The Kingdom of Granada is formally integrated into Castile with Ferdinand, now 16, taking more and more responsibility preparing to take the throne next year. King Ferdinand makes an appearance in Granada for his coronation as the King of Castile and Integrated Granada as well as a coronation of his kingship over Aragon fully. Castile expands its horizons on West African trade using a series of local trade posts outside of Oyos control to gain what it needs and prevent Castilian traders from being taken advantage of. With the disease over in Castile for the most part an estimated 700,000 people were killed with many of them being infants earning the plague the name "Infants Bane". However, population is made up significantly with the addition of nearly one million people integrated from Granada bringing Castile's proper population to nearly 7.7 million and slowly growing again thanks to birth rates recovering. Castile also begins a major army reform with multiple guns being remanufactured to be fired a bit faster and not require the stand to shoot from (even though it's still recommended.) Castile expands its trading post in the Cape of Good Hope to allow for more traders as well as housing some hired soldiers to defend from natives and prevent other people from setting up trade outposts. For the first time a ship is based from this trading post in South Africa giving them an escape route as well increased defences. The "Assassins" take up residence as King Ferdinand's right hand man assassinating any influential Muslim leaders in Morocco to keep organization down, their performance is considered spectacular. Castile now with raw meterials coming in from the Kongo and lucrative spice trade coming in from India begins to look toward a more overseas type of economic and territorial expansion beginning to invest more into trade posts and other areas. This leads to an increased amount of traders starting to push toward expanding trade posts and resource exploitation out of areas like Morocco, and the Kongo. However, it's a more beneficial exploitation and hurting the workers among other issues are not undertaken to improve productivity. The men are paid a wage and are worked normal hours.
    • Kingdom of Aragon: The relatively good treatment of Aragon by Castile and the fallacy of actions of the previous king in burning various areas and completely razing Aragon's capital city have forever earned the enmity and hate of most of the Aragonian people, many of which believed they could continue their lives under Castile in a better fashion, with greater access to Castile's vast diplomatic, trade and military power. This, along with common religion and semi-related language, has led to a nearly seamless transition into the personal union. Nobles have been appointed by Prince Carlos of Castile personally who has personally overseen the majority of the war in Aragon which with his expertise, charisma and swaying abilities has led to many supporting his decisions on either side. Carlos himself is appointed the transitional governor of Aragon in order to facilitate a much smoother transition. The Kingdom's navy previously seized is returned to people sympathetic to Castilians and the military navy in particular is given to a series of respected and well known Aragonians loyal to Castile. Aragon's assimilation into Castile cultural base begins due to many nobles now speaking Spanish (Castilian) which shows a notable effect of a few people especially merchants and some developing artisans which are currently able to speak the language proficiently. Aragonians spurred on by Prince Carlos to rebuild Zaragoza continue the work needed to rebuild the city and the various burned towns surrounding the city with the city being moderately repaired. For the time being, however, the capital of Aragon proper is migrated to Valencia. With Castilian assistance various infrastructural areas are rebuilt and the military is expanded to a token force of 5000. Along with this support the Aragonian economy recovers slowly with a slow but controlled influx of Castilian economic aid helping Aragon recover. The Aragonian Navy is allowed by Castile to move toward settlements in the Canaries down into Capo Verde, and according to Castilian trade agreements docks in Oyo for trade nearly doubling their previous range. This is pushed down further pushing underneath Oyo farther down the coast using Castilian trade posts to explore. The ruling magistrate over Aragon signs a landmark trade deal with Castile which allows for Aragon's usage of Castile's large amounts of trade posts down the coast of Africa.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: The King of Cyprus is now King Alexander of Cyprus. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller west to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing, also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. The Kingdom of Cyprus due to the recent issues in Castile reluctantly recognizes Carlos and his Regency for Prince Ferdinand. Cyprus itself with its fleet of nearly 100 ships begins to take after the Venetian example with trade and begins to put Cypriot merchant ships into state possession for trade in order to help with the kingdom's finances and heavy trade. This show immediate results as a relative increase in funding and attention to trade between Castile and her allies begins to improve the quality of trade. 
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area. The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable number of Castilians settle the area. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom with many canals having been completed has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population reaches nearly 650,000 with Christianity becoming dominant in the area. Calne-Vicuna is finished and is opened as an center for Christianity in North Africa with a library said to rival old Alexandria's.
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. With the King also adopts the name John, in favor of the king who began these exploratory operations down the coast of Africa. The King also organized a band of Christian soldiers who help keep the peace who also begin to help with conversions to Christianity as a series of missionaries and high level priests from the Western Church have come on a ship hearing of many pagans and heretics to convert. The King makes multiple successful campaigns against various of the petty kings in Kongo killing two of them and leaving the third on the run. The Christianization of multiple areas is completed and multiple others are begun. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a moderate amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods if possible.

    • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite does its job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. We continue to help finance the Plutocratic State of Jaunpur, Delhi Sultanate and Bahamani Sultanate by sending gifts directly to the nobles/sultans, offering loans from powerful trade bankers, and decreasing the trade taxes over all of Bengal, allowing more of our merchant goods to travel into those states. We also raise a portion of the Sultan's personal levy and then divide it out to be sent to the states leaders, so that they can do with them what they wish in order to maintain order in their nation. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase in scholars and literacy in our nation. Due to the removal of trade barriers between a majority of states in the Indian League, their merchants and ours begin to travel with increased mobility and goods, thereby increasing the trade income and output in the agreeing nations. With the plague being considered a far less threat now than it previously was, restrictions on trade and laws on inheritance/assests are changed to pre-plague laws. Due to the return to a high volume of trade after managing to work with a far smaller volume during the plague, investments by landed elites into expansion of their plantations, mines and levies increase exponentially. (Important thing that will be posted in a second). A league proposal has been made due to the belligerence of the Kingdom of Gwailor against its Indian brothers.
      • '​'Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
      • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslim settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
      • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom passes away and his son inherits the Kingdom from his father.
    • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The disease continues killing many. The king attempts to avoid such an event but it fails only spreading it harder in regions of Basel, Lorraine and Burgundy - as well as in Sardinia where it kills hundreds without any seeming cause. The death toll reaches a half million since the start and many corpses accumulate throughout the domains, impelling the need for a better way to avoid the kingdom and bringing many to doubt the king's might on the French monarchic lands. This is even more acute in regions like Sardinia far from the central government. La Marche vassalage begins. The vassalage of Limoges finished last turn. While this, Nevers vassalage begins as well.
      • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up. Economy expands. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
      • Albret: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
      • Nemour: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
      • Guyenne: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
      • Berry: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
      • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
      • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
      • Verdun: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
      • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
      • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
      • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. Some begin to question the king of France's choices and begin wondering about establishing their own state.
      • Basel: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
      • Aargau: Military and economy are built up. The French presence begins to felt. However, the attempts to establish a pro-Germanic government in order to avoid eventual uprisings, internal vassalization begins as well to fully convince German leadership.
      • Foix: Military and economy are built up.
      • Andorra: Military and economy are built up.
      • Africa: Military and economy are built up. The native population drops to 450,000 (from around 750,000 in the region) due mostly to the plague and the war. French nobles begin to arrive due to the relative power void. While this, navy of the French begin docking in Tunis, soon renamed Carthage.
    • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Grand Duchess Eleanor and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1485 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1485, Eleanor commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The market center in Landshut continues to attract Bavarian and Venetian traders. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Eleanor ends her predecessor's policies of advancing Sedevanticism in the government. As the new Grand Duchess, Eleanor continues to vet and interrogate most of the powerful nobles of Bavaria. To work more efficiently, she appoints Vallerio Volpe as her spymaster. By the end of the year, Eleanor hosts a more developed middle class in Trausnitz than her numerous predecessors had. This earns her the sobriquet "The Middling Queen" to flavor the already popular "Merchant Queen" title. In other news, Eleanor continues to develop her cousin's seemingly successful administrative policies. Court physicians continue to bathe in religious ceremonies, hoping to appease God. In national news, the common courts continue to be implemented around Bavaria as several of the lower class make use it of. The serf laws begin to be used as well. While not extremely active, as many as three dozen serfs earn their freedom by the end of the year. Many freed serfs find work and home in the cities, while others continue to informally live on their lords' lands. This situation becomes a status quo and is forseen to last the century. Many skeptics of Eleanor's reforms predict they will not affect Bavaria much until 1500.
      • Munchen: By 1485, the total class of Queen Isabell University amounts to about 3410 men. Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. 
      • Straubing: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
      • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
      • Burgau: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
      • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
      • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
      • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
      • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The clergy of Wurzburg find small solace as the Grand Duchess is the somewhat temperate, analytical Eleanor. 
  • Zapotec: Tlaco II expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco II orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Trade with the Aztecs commences after years of stagnation under Tlaco I. Trade also springs up with the Aztec break-away states.

1486

George, Holy Roman Emperor, dies in Vienna at the age of 52. His son Maximilian is crowned Archduke of Austria, and journeys to Frankfurt to begin an imperial election among the other electors.

Many Spanish settlers in Granada and Morocco begin reporting delirium and bodily pains, and some die from a strange disease. The disease is coined “Typhus”, from the Greek typhos (τῦφος) meaning smoky or hazy, describing the state of mind of those affected with the disease, and affects many in Spain from frequent trade with Africa.

The Marrikuwuyanga begin trading with Aboriginal groups around the Gulf of Carpenteria, going so far as the Torres Strait Islands. The natives they meet are amazed by the metal weapons, and sailing boats of the strangers.

In the lands of the Tharawal, the new food-producing techniques (eel farming and re-planting tubers), combined with the bow-and-arrows they possess result in a population explosion. The Tharawal expand south along the coast, fighting and absorbing other groups they meet.

A mismanagement of finances causes huge monetary issues in Venice. The Doge of Venice and some advisors consider selling off some of their less profitable territory in order to prop up their financial situation.

The near unification of Madagascar has left many of the former powers vying for power. The rapid conversion to Christianity stirring up more issues begins to show strain as nearly every province has a small sort of revolt.

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers continue to explore the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, shipwrights continue to fuse and modify aspects of ships that are known to operate around the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, in order to develop larger ocean-going ships.
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. Our turn is dedicated to military in both our nation and our vassals. We grow closer to Padua, having successfully liberated their city, and the hero of the liberation, Stephano the Brave, begins seeking a wife. Many begin to call for a possible counter attack into Venice to end their clashes with Milan once and for all, and possible plans are created. The Visconti lord revises his offer to the Venetians, saying that he will instead purchase Venetian Albania, Venetian Montenegro, and Corfu.
  • Venetian Dip (Mod): We agree to the sale of Corfu.
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows, increasing our military capabilities in case of war. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. The recent classes of Koch ships are being manufactured in Novgorod. The town of St Patriksburg’s population grows a bit more that last year. As the construction of the town improves, the Kremlin finishes, trade becoming more in demand, the town gains slightly. Because of the trade road built with Tver our economy increases. After seeing a great success with the private schools in the cities of Novgorod, St Patriksburg, Staraya Russa, and Nizhny Novgorod. We start building another private school in Rostov and Yaroslavl. We complete building private schools in Torzhok and a private school in Staraya Ladoga. We dedicate this turn to military. We continue to establish ties with our allies Muscovy and Pskov.
    • Tver: We complete the construction of the private school in Tver and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Yaroslavl, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Yaroslavl: We complete the construction of the private school in Yaroslavl and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Rostov: We completed the construction of the private school in Rostov and start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Yaroslavl, Muscovy. We dedicate this turn to military.
  • In Ayutthaya, infrastructure projects continue. This also results in a boom in trade, spreading out throughout South-Eastern Asia, its effects reaching China in the North, Sanafah in the West, Australia to the South and Japan to the East. Meanwhile, as we have secured the straits of Malacca, we slightly reduce the dues to pass through, causing significantly more trade to pass that way. Gold pours into the kingdoms. More ships are built, partially for trade purposes, with our ships reaching as far as as Southern Africa, and with planned expeditions even moving over the Cape of Good Hope. We establish trade posts throughout India and Southern Asia. Relations between religions continue to be excellent, with the Buddhist majority welcoming the smaller Hindu and Muslim minorities. We begin to influence Aru, helping them stabilize their state. Trade continues to flow through Sukhothai to China. Work continues on the Spire of Indaraja - the H̄xkhxy h̄æ̀ng Indraja - in the city of Ayutthaya. A massive monument, it is a spire reaching almost 100 feet tall, expected to be finished in 1500. Made mostly out of white marble and gold inlay, this is accompanied by a massive renovation project reaching throughout the cities of Ayutthaya, building new roads, new walls and new houses throughout the nation. The King also orders a day of celebration to mark the day of Indaraja's death. Meanwhile, we again offer to build trading posts in Oman and Dai Viet. Another few ships cross the Cape of Good Hope, but, finding it far less rich than India, China and Arabia, it is decided to abandon it and confine our trade to Asia and Eastern Africa. More ships land in the Marriwuyanga Empire. The Golden Army continues to train, along with hundreds of other militias and armies. All vassals implement new military training methods.
    • ​Oman Dip: We accept the offer and ask where you might want to build your trading post.
    • Bengali Diplomacy: We ask for fleet basing/military access rights within Ayutthaya, and offer the designs for the siege gun developed by the Indian scholars.
    • Fusahito Dip: The Emperor meets the news of ships from Ayutthaya landing with interest. He sends back an emissary with one merchant to the King, offering the trade agreement between our two states, allowing the Kingdom to meet the immense demand for spices in the theocracy.
    • Ayutthaya Dip: 
      • ​@Oman: In the Banda Islands, perhaps?
      • @Bengal: We already have siege guns, but we would accept a mutually reciprocated agreement - a military pact.
      • @Fushito: We agree, and hope that (thanks to our trade with India) this will be a mutually beneficial agreement that will further both our nations.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy has massively swelled with thanks to the creation of the Spanish confederation and the addition of Aragon's trade and military fleet at Castile's disposal. Castile, as leader of the Spanish confederation, begins a series of economic and military reforms on all the kingdoms in order to expand all the local economies and militaries and centralize the confederation's economies in general. Castile at this point has explored farther down Africa establishing multiple trade posts along the way and reaching a point where the sea rounds the continent. However, the failure of supplies has led to this exploration fleet having to turn back. Castile has begun the development of a series of new ships meant to replace some of the aging designs and add some new innovations. The Castilian navy begins to replace multiple ships with the new carracks as some of the largest ships in the Castile fleet. The Castilian renaissance with the addition of Aragon's renaissance techniques has exploded significantly and with permission from the monarchy embroiled with organizing the Spanish confederacy and multiple projects the Renaissance has led to a mass amount of art and technological innovation being developed. Castile and its confederacy and vassals has now fully converted to the Western Church with the only exception being Cyprus due to its Orthodox roots and Orthodox leadership which prevents a total conversion. The Castilians begins to suffer issues within heavy trade cities of Gibraltar, and Seville as this disease begins killing many people. Castile regardless of the plague organizes a fleet of 12 ships to go through the canal for trade and exploratory purposes with multiple ships being filled to the brim with supplies and others with trade goods these ships make their first stop in Yemen. Three more unrelated ships push for mapping East Africa using the well established ports to do so pushing toward the Sanafah having much more supplies this time. The Kingdom of Granada is formally integrated into Castile with Ferdinand, now 16, taking more and more responsibility preparing to take the throne next year. King Ferdinand makes an appearance in Granada for his coronation as the King of Castile and Integrated Granada as well as a coronation of his kingship over Aragon fully. Castile expands its horizons on West African trade using a series of local trade posts outside of Oyos control to gain what it needs and prevent Castilian traders from being taken advantage of. With the disease over in Castile for the most part an estimated 700,000 people were killed with many of them being infants earning the plague the name "Infants Bane". However, population is made up significantly with the addition of nearly one million people integrated from Granada bringing Castile's proper population to nearly 7.7 million and slowly growing again thanks to birth rates recovering. Castile also begins a major army reform with multiple guns being remanufactured to be fired a bit faster and not require the stand to shoot from (even though it's still recommended.) Castile expands its trading post in the Cape of Good Hope to allow for more traders as well as housing some hired soldiers to defend from natives and prevent other people from setting up trade outposts. For the first time a ship is based from this trading post in South Africa giving them an escape route as well increased defenses. The "Assassins" take up residence as King Ferdinand's right hand man assassinating any influential Muslim leaders in Morocco to keep organization down, their performance is considered spectacular. Castile now with raw meterials coming in from the Kongo and lucrative spice trade coming in from India begins to look toward a more overseas type of economic and territorial expansion beginning to invest more into trade posts and other areas. This leads to an increased amount of traders starting to push toward expanding trade posts and resource exploitation out of areas like Morocco, and the Kongo. However, it's a more beneficial exploitation and hurting the workers among other issues are not undertaken to improve productivity. The men are paid a wage and are worked normal hours. Castile offers to buy the Venetian possessions in Morocco, and Monaco for a much more generous sum than is proper in order to keep their own economy running and prevent an economic issue from developing in the whole of Europe (Mod please). Castile also begins to handle Typhus in a different way containing the disease with the effective quarantine techniques. The disease and its symptoms are for the first time catalogued.
    • Kingdom of Aragon: The relatively good treatment of Aragon by Castile and the fallacy of actions of the previous king in burning various areas and completely razing Aragon's capital city have forever earned the enmity and hate of most of the Aragonian people, many of which believed they could continue their lives under Castile in a better fashion, with greater access to Castile's vast diplomatic, trade and military power. This, along with common religion and semi-related language, has led to a nearly seamless transition into the personal union. Nobles have been appointed by Prince Carlos of Castile personally who has personally overseen the majority of the war in Aragon which with his expertise, charisma and swaying abilities has led to many supporting his decisions on either side. Carlos himself is appointed the transitional governor of Aragon in order to facilitate a much smoother transition. The Kingdom's navy previously seized is returned to people sympathetic to Castilians and the military navy in particular is given to a series of respected and well known Aragonians loyal to Castile. Aragon's assimilation into Castile cultural base begins due to many nobles now speaking Spanish (Castilian) which shows a notable effect of a few people especially merchants and some developing artisans which are currently able to speak the language proficiently. Aragonians spurred on by Prince Carlos to rebuild Zaragoza continue the work needed to rebuild the city and the various burned towns surrounding the city with the city being moderately repaired. For the time being, however, the capital of Aragon proper is migrated to Valencia. With Castilian assistance various infrastructural areas are rebuilt and the military is expanded to a token force of 5000. Along with this support the Aragonian economy recovers slowly with a slow but controlled influx of Castilian economic aid helping Aragon recover. The Aragonian Navy is allowed by Castile to move toward settlements in the Canaries down into Capo Verde, and according to Castilian trade agreements docks in Oyo for trade nearly doubling their previous range. This is pushed down further pushing underneath Oyo farther down the coast using Castilian trade posts to explore. The ruling magistrate over Aragon signs a landmark trade deal with Castile which allows for Aragon's usage of Castile's large amounts of trade posts down the coast of Africa. The Castilian Assassins Guild spreads to Aragon setting up shop and doing the work of King Ferdinand. However, they begin to take on a culture of their own.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: The King of Cyprus is now King Alexander of Cyprus. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller west to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing, also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. The Kingdom of Cyprus due to the recent issues in Castile reluctantly recognizes Carlos and his Regency for Prince Ferdinand. Cyprus itself with its fleet of nearly 100 ships begins to take after the Venetian example with trade and begins to put Cypriot merchant ships into state possession for trade in order to help with the kingdom's finances and heavy trade. This show immediate results as a relative increase in funding and attention to trade between Castile and her allies begins to improve the quality of trade. The Assassins Guild sets up in Cyprus looking to prevent issues in the kingdom with corruption and serving as their base into Muslim countries.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area. The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable number of Castilians settle the area. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom with many canals having been completed has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population reaches nearly 750,000 with Christianity becoming dominant in the area. Calne-Vicuna is finished and is opened as an center for Christianity in North Africa with a library said to rival old Alexandria's. The Moroccan Assassins Guild forms and spreads keeping the peace and killing the corrupt as well as making morocco much more peaceful for Castilian Rule
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. With the King also adopts the name John, in favor of the king who began these exploratory operations down the coast of Africa. The King also organized a band of Christian soldiers who help keep the peace who also begin to help with conversions to Christianity as a series of missionaries and high level priests from the Western Church have come on a ship hearing of many pagans and heretics to convert. The King makes multiple successful campaigns against various of the petty kings in Kongo killing two of them and leaving the third on the run. The Christianization of multiple areas is completed and multiple others are begun. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a moderate amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods if possible.
    • Mod Response, sold.
  • The Kingdoms of Great Albion (Scotland and England) - member nation of the UKGA: The Navy is expanded further with the integration of the Scottish and Breton fleets. The number now stands at 440 ships total. Port Edmundburg continues to experience a growth in population. Albionic settlers continue to explore the surrounding areas. The Albionic Royal Navy begins better mapping Africa for the Crown. After decades of cultural merging, a new, Celto-Germanic culture finally begins to take firmer root. The English language has grown in official use and now royal documents, previously in Latin, are now translated into English. Troops that fought in the Pan-Hispania Wars return home and facilitate a minor baby boom. These experienced soldiers now train the army and navy commanders in advanced battle tactics. All ships passing through the channel are monitored for any signs of infection. The new dialect of English found in Eire has spread to Wales and Scotland. English nobles begin to enjoy the Celtic myths of Eire and Scotland. Port Edmundburg is declared a crown colony (OTL Sierra Leone) after decades as a profitable trade outpost. Expansion is planned next year to accommodate the growing population. A new city in the south of England begins to grow. The city's name is Gotham. The Templar Order continues to undercut the King's enemies and seeks ways to privately grow the power of the King and Albion as a whole. The Order buys up many smaller businesses and collectivizes some farms. The Order begins to expand into other areas of Europe, seeking to grow understanding as well as pushing Albionic ideals.
    • Brittany: Brittany is officially placed under Albionic influence. The military and navy are expanded.
    • Calais: Military and navy are expanded.
    • Dublin: Dublin undergoes another remodel and expansion to the ports due to the massive influx of trade from Castile and Venice as well as an increased Eire trade.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. Pan Albion sentiments grow, Trade increases.
    • Wales: Wales expands its military and navy. Cardiff becomes a large centre of trade for Wales. The Welsh appoint Adam Cyrdger as Royal Minister. The first sessions of parliament are held. Wales does not see as large a population boom as Albion or Scotland, but a minor one, centered around Cardiff and Swansea, does occur.
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Grand Duchess Eleanor and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1486 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1486, Eleanor commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The market center in Landshut continues to attract Bavarian and Venetian traders. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Eleanor ends her predecessor's policies of advancing Sedevanticism in the government. As the new Grand Duchess, Eleanor continues to vet and interrogate most of the powerful nobles of Bavaria. To work more efficiently, she appoints Vallerio Volpe as her spymaster. By the end of the year, Eleanor hosts a more developed middle class in Trausnitz than her numerous predecessors had. This earns her the sobriquet "The Middling Queen" to flavor the already popular "Merchant Queen" title. In other news, Eleanor continues to develop her cousin's seemingly successful administrative policies. Court physicians continue to bathe in religious ceremonies, hoping to appease God. In national news, the common courts continue to be implemented around Bavaria as several of the lower class make use it of. The serf laws begin to be used as well. While not extremely active, as many as three dozen serfs earn their freedom by the end of the year. Many freed serfs find work and home in the cities, while others continue to informally live on their lords' lands. This situation becomes a status quo and is foreseen to last the century. Many skeptics of Eleanor's reforms predict they will not affect Bavaria much until 1500. Eleanor sends an offer to buy certain unprofitable lands from the Venetians, in return for a large amount of ducats to refill Venetian coffers. The land in particular to be sold is up to Venetians. However, Eleanor makes a note that Naxos would be much appreciated. If it pleases the Doge, parts of Kaffa may be purchased as well. (Mod/Kun response, please)
    • Munchen: By 1486, the total class of Queen Isabell University amounts to about 3410 men. Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. 
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The clergy of Wurzburg find small solace as the Grand Duchess is the somewhat temperate, analytic Eleanor. 
  • Hamburg-Mecklenburg: naval expansion continues. Exploration along the African coast also grows thanks to the growth of the African trade posts. The first whale catches from the Oldenburger post in Greenland arrives in Hamburg, and quickly turns a profit. More ships and equipment are sent back. Hamburg also continues to honor its agreement to pay Oldenburg taxes for the use. Pskov is offered exclusive trade deals. Maximilian is congratulated on becoming Emperor.
    • Magdeburg: Military expanded.
    • Pskov accepts the trade deals, let us hope they bring both of us great profit.
  • Cuzco: War with the Ica-Nazca begins and we warn Chirbaya that involvement in said war will result in them facing war with Cuzco. All of Cuzco's resources are tied up the war to ensure the swiftest destruction of the Ica-Nazca.
    • Qullasuyu: Rebuilding is stalled due to the war with the Ica-Nazca. Purges continue as ethnic Aymarans die by the hundreds.
  • Kingdom of Gwalior: With absolutely no outlet to the sea and absolutely no chance of expansion, Gwalior watched silently as its neighbors traded with foreign nations. Developments in firepower weaponry continued as Gwalior increased its muskets to approximately 2500. Numerous forts had been constructed around the Kingdom for its protection and the construction of a Grand Temple for the 3000+ Hindu God continued [Turn Two of 20]. A letter had been sent to the Raja of Dhundar requesting him to form a political as well as dynastic union with Gwalior. Dhundar was offered access to gunpowder weaponry as well as artillery. Dhundar was reminded of a need to further strengthen and unite the Hindus of India and as a way to counter Bengali influence. According to Raja Vikram, the Sultan of Bengal was nothing else but a wolf under the appearance of a sheep and ought to be beheaded. Not only that, Dhundar had also been one of the two Indian states (the other being Kathiawar) that had supported Gwalior during the Gwalior - Mewar Crisis which the Bengali had made a whole show about during the third Indian League Summit.

Add me to the map? Seriously I hope I did not make any mistakes on this turn because I had previously invaded Mewar due to the fact that I had noticed Bengal, too, had many vassals ... BTW, a mod response to whether Dhundar accepts or not.

You don't vassalize through invasion. Also, I suggest you keep the anti-Bengal thing a secret for your own good.

He won't find out unless he starts metagaming. And yes, believing I want to destroy your nation just because I don't want your influence to be too strong is metagaming. Besides, it's just for RP. I won't actually invade Bengal because not only would I lose, it would also weaken the Indian League and might result in other nations defying the Treaty of Delhi and invading India as well. I currently plan to form a union with Dhundar only and buy a small territory from Kathiawar so I can gain an outlet to the sea and trade with foreign nations.

They did not expressly show support for defending Gwailor, they simply disagreed to intervene. Lack of intent to intervene is not de facto support. 

Why would Kathiawar disagree even though it rarely trades with Gwalior and has absolutely no border? It did not like an Indian invasion led by the Muslim Bengali because it, too, believed in unity amongst the Hindus of India. If you knew a little bit about the Hindus, you would find out that they have this radical ideology of India considered as sacred land and no other religion other than Hindus to be in it and we are in the late 14th Century. Also, considering the fact that Kathiawar is quite close to the Mughal Empire, it would certainly want strong Hindu unity in the region to counter the influence of the Muslims [Oman, Mughals and the Bengal Sultanate are Muslims] and I already told you about the radical ideology of Hindus during those times. As far as Dhundar is concerned which is part of Rahjistan and has Rajputs settled in it.. Well if memory serves me right, the Rajputs were the first Hindus to attack Delhi immediately after the defeat of Ibrahim Lodhi by Babar. This is how much the Rajputs disliked Muslim rule and despite the fact that there was no Battle of Panipat in this Map Game, it certainly does not change the attitude of the Rajputs. In case you say At that time they were ruled by Muslims but now they are independent. Well, at that time, all the Delhi Sultanate ruled was a small area around Delhi. BTW, on the Indian League page I think there are some states missing and some are extra for example Kathiawar and Gujarat ... And there is no such thing as Dhundara.. That's a tiny town according to Google Map ...

You realize the Mughal Empire was driven out India in a coalition led by Bengal right? That Identity for the time your talking about really didn't develop. The Timurids essentially burned Vijayanagar to the ground and left them with a steaming hatred for the timurids and successors. They successfully got their revenge when the Bengalis led a coalition to drive out the mughals from india and the creation of the Indian League. As the guy who signed off on the Indian League resolution (im a mod) lack of support for the motion is not equal to de facto to support. As was said they just essentially said "no were not getting involved." As for the ideaology your taking about that really never developed much in this game. As for Bengal getting in a war with you, he has multiple reasons to attack you that are not meta whatsoever. You are 1. Disrupting the unity of the Indian League and essentially leaving it open to foreign attack with these invasions. 2. you're disrupting the internal trade of the league which is in Bengals interests to keep running. -Feud

I would like to apologize if I've been creating any problem with the game and I have absolutely no plan of ignoring the Free Trade Agreement between the Indian States. While it us indeed true that Bengal had protected India from Timurid Occupation and they are considered heroes.. The Delhi Sultanate too protected India from invasions from the Mongols but this did not stop the Indians from revolting against them later on. What I mean is that it should be fairly plausible for the Kingdoms to have a nationalist feeling as well as form unions with each other without interference from Bengal and the whole of India remaining weak and only NPC [except Bengal] having an outlet to the sea is what is in Bengal's interest which is something I am afraid I can not do. I merely want to strengthen my nation instead of becoming a vassal of Bengal and I wish to keep Gwalior's interests in my mind as well. Bengal has no problem with its vassalization of four Indian states but my union with Dhundar seems to annoy him. I accept the fact that my invasion of Deccan was just plain aggression and the invasion of Mewar was me defying the Treaty of Delhi (I had no knowledge of it) but there should be no reason to worry about a union between Gwalior and Dhundar. In fact, it is for the betterment of the Indian subcontinent.

I'm just saying, Bengal has the right to want India for itself. And it has extremely powerful allies (said one of those allies modestly).         Centriflag   Tonight the foxes will hunt the hounds!  21:58, April 28, 2014 (UTC)

Bengal has only vassalized one Indian state, Orissa, and that was not through war, that was through 30 to 40 years of relation development, Islamitization, trade control, military access, alliances, and support in a war or two. The Andaman's were unsettled, Arakan is and was never Indian before Bengal came in, and the Swargadeo of Kamarumpa is also not, and was never Indian before Bengal came in. If anything, Bengal has been extending the Indian League to better it WITHOUT killing member states. And please, stop assuming everyone will give up sovereignty for the "greater good" of a certain religion, culture, etc. This is the 15th century, and no man will willingly give up his power and control for some far off future goal. And also, the Free Trade of Merchants had a goal more or less in mind of allowing landlocked nations such as Gwalior to be able to move their merchants to Indian seaports unopposed by tariffs or taxes on their movement of their goods, so as to avoid this scenario of warring for a port. Finally, Dhundara is the name of the crescent shaped nation on your border, above Merwar and below Jaunpur. Also, not all Rajputs were Hindu, so there is no need for this notion that all Rajputs were Muslim-hating Hindu-extremists. There were prominent dynasties in Sindh and Gujarat at this time who were Muslim . 

  • Conte: Continues to solidify as fertile land has been found. The second crop season is much more successful than the first, and the tribe, though not at a surplus, has satisfied its need. Mon begins a project of irrigation that will extend the amount of area crops can be grown in, without having to again go into new territory. Mon commissions a few of the wiser men of the clan to immortalize him in poetry, which involves the hyperbolisation of many events, and the creation of some that never happened, this is to be called, the Monsatwa.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The disease continues killing many. The king attempts to avoid such an event but it fails only spreading it harder in regions of Basel, Lorraine and Burgundy - as well as in Sardinia where it kills hundreds without any seeming cause. The death toll reaches a half million since the start and many corpses accumulate throughout the domains, impelling the need for a better way to avoid the kingdom and bringing many to doubt the king's might on the French monarchic lands. This is even more acute in regions like Sardinia far from the central government. La Marche vassalage begins. The vassalage of Limoges finished last turn. While this, Nevers vassalage begins as well.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up. Economy expands. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Albret: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Nemour: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Guyenne: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. Some begin to question the king of France's choices and begin wondering about establishing their own state.
    • Basel: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Aargau: Military and economy are built up. The French presence begins to be felt. However, the attempts to establish a pro-Germanic government in order to avoid eventual uprisings, internal vassalization begins as well to fully convince German leadership.
    • Foix: Military and economy are built up.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. The native population drops to 450,000 (from around 750,000 in the region) due mostly to the plague and the war. French nobles begin to arrive due to the relative power void. While this, the French navy begins docking in Tunis, soon renamed Carthage.
  • In the Empire of Madagasikara, minor rebellions shake most regions of the island. With the recent military victory over the Muslims, conversions continue to take place and most paganist Muslims begin  to stop affiliating themselves with the designation "Muslim" due to its negative connotation but rather go by "spiritists." The Spiritist Movement gains some traction, especially in the eastern parts of Madagasikara where the highland people have less contact with the Spanish. King Andrés, however, gives the local chiefs permission to authorize their clans' to purge out heretical Muslims that cause rebellions. The main rebel stronghold, in the Merina region, is attacked in a minor campaign led by the heroic Soliary Canapastry. The rebellions tend to quiet down as the year progresses and more normalcy is established. Meanwhile, in Mahajanga, the local priests and Bishop Julio Marciano Gabriel petition Andrés to fund creation of the University of Mahajanga. King Andrés is reluctant to do so, but eventually gives in due to his close personal relationship with Gabriel. Construction begins on the University, which is expected to be the most advanced modern institute of learning in Africa. One project that the priests and other Madagasikaran scholars also undertake is compiling the oral histories of the island into one large historical account of Madagasikaran history. In the Comoros, now annexed to Madagasikara, an Inquisition is established to determine the extent of radical roots in each Muslim's practiced form of Islam. Due to strict prayer rules, it is easy to identify Muslims and they begin to be investigated to ensure that the faithful are either Assafi'ists or paganistic Muslims. The Tiavina, after the war ended, makes another trip up the Coast of Africa and this year arrives as far north as Alexandria. Diplomats begin to negotiate terms for the use of the Philadelphi Canal. Betsileo has much worse rebellions than the Empire of Madagasikara proper. While fewer Muslims live in Betsileo, there is also less direct Christian contact and the leaders of the Spiritist Movement continue to organize minor rebellions. By the end of the year, however, more Christian missionaries have moved into the region and have managed to diffuse the situation to a large extent.
    • Toamisina: continues to be prepared for integration by 1490. Minor rebellions take place but are crushed with the aid of the Madagasikaran League's armed forced. In addition, Islam, which was never popular in Toamisina, is declared very close to extinction. Latinized Malagasy replaces local dialects more than ever before.
    • In Sofala, Latinized Malagasy becomes the official language. This is the first state to adopt the mixed language as the primary dialect over traditional dialects. Trade with the Spaniards continues to play a large role in Sofala, which propsers and begins to work its way down south toward Maputo in order to eventually combine the two states. The African rebels of 1477 have largely been forgotten and the military of Sofala guards the area carefully so as to prevent any future flare-ups.
    • Maputo: is vassalized this year and continues to be influenced by the Malagasy culture, the Christian faith, and the Latinized Malagasy language. Maputo's chief works to bring his nation up to par with its northern neighbor, Sofala, and also works to assimilate with Madagasikara. To do so, he issues an edict which has every first-born son of every citizen of Maputo live in Mahajanga for at least two years. This new policy, which is viewed as extremely unique, sparks economic growth in both Maputo and Madagasikara, which is then used for northward expansion.
  • County of Oldenburg: With the Venetian economy crumbling, the Roscol Bank in Oldenburg is crumbling. Nobles, the OHG and other people with large sums of money move their money to the other three banks (the Jade, Hessian and Episcopal). By the end of the year, the Oldenburg branch of the Roscol Bank has collapsed, and the shop front is boarded up. Farmers and fishermen owing the now-default bank ranch money quietly tear up their loan contracts. The other banks gain a boost in patronage. The OHG sends a much smaller whaling fleet than last year's. A large portion of the fleet is put to actually selling the product of last year's hunt to the world (mainly the Med and Albion). Neu Baltrum and Neu Borkum both relish the company (and taxes) of the Hamburger whalers, and they are told they are always welcome.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The Episcopal Bank of Osnabruck has a major jump in profits thanks to Venice's financial woes, and two new branches are opened: one in Oldenburg and one in one of Osnabruck's towns. The plans to nationalise the cities and towns continues to be thought through. 
    • Netherlands Diplomacy: With the Roscol Bank in decline the Bank of Holland offers to help keep  the financial system in Oldenburg alive and requests permission to set up a branch of the Bank in Oldenburg. 
    • Albion Diplomacy: With the steady rise of the Bank of Albion and the emergence of the Pound as a strong contender against the Ducat, the Bank of Albion requests permission to set up a branch to help keep the Oldenburger economy stable.
    • My prey back off XD jk With Blood and Iron (talk) 18:24, April 28, 2014 (UTC)
    • Oldenburger Response: Both the Bank of Holland and the Bank of Albion are permitted to set up a branch in the capital to help fill the gap formed by the collapse of the Roscol Bank (which was the country's biggest bank). Even the Board of the Jade Bank is glad for the competition. 
  • Oman continues construction on the Sky Mosque, and the building begins to take shape. The eight minarets are finished and become the tallest buildings in the nation, but the architect says the completed dome will be higher. The navy continues to be built up, and the war galleys have their first test when a small pirate gang based on the west coast of Bahrain Island are eliminated quickly and efficiently, with only three human casualties on the navy's side. To be vigilant of any attacks that could come from other sources, fortifications are built up on the northern tip of the island, and a few ships are permanently stationed there. A new, more efficient method of collecting the spices on Banda is developed by the locals, and therefore collection is cheaper, reaping greater profits from trading, boosting the economy.
    • Ethiopian Dip: Would you like to be our allies.
    • Oman Dip: We would prefer to build up our country's relations through trading and other means before making this kind of commitment, so the offer is rejected.
    • Alexandria Dip: We would like to open up talks concerning canal access that Oman was interested in now that Yemen's exclusive term is completed.
  • Rumania: Mircea II, now 30, orders the construction of a navy for the purpose of defending trade routes to Alexandria and Azov. A dozen new ships are constructed in Constanta, each a moderate 30 feet in length and equipped with 16 small two-pounder cannons, bringing the fleet total up to 48 caravels. The printing press continues to spread across Rumania. As much as 8% of the nation has reached basic literacy, and the Moralists promote education of commoners by priests, in order to give everyone the opportunity to read the Bible.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: The economy continues to grow. The printing press spreads south into Bulgaria just as in Rumania.
  • Ethiopia: We build up our military and navy. The navy builds more ships for trade. Many churches are still continuing to be built. We use the Nile river to trade with our allies Alexandria. Agriculture is our biggest industry in the country besides trade. We expand our nation's southern borders 15 px south. The wall and outposts around the capital city are still in the process of being built. Our nation expands our northern borders 15 px north into the disorganized territory. In Nubia, our missionaries influence the people in the Ethiopian Orthodox way. We expand our eastern border 15 px east. The reason for going east is to get to the Indian Ocean and to get coastal lands. Due to a population boom, farmers grow more food for our hungry citizens. The king starts the build of great castle of Ethiopia. Trade ships sail to Arabia to trade with them and expand our influence to them. We set up port cities on Yemen. Some ships sail to Oman to ask for an alliance.
    • May I ask how you can set up port cities in Yemen if you do not control any land in Yemen?
    • And also, you CAN'T have colonies unless you're surrounded by nations of other players. And I don't really see why Ethiopians would venture toward the Indian Ocean. -Sky
    • You can't expand inland in Africa for a long while, buddy. To be fair, you can't really expand much at all until the war detriment from your total failure in Eritrea. -Feud
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite does its job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. We continue to help finance the Plutocratic State of Jaunpur, Delhi Sultanate and Bahamani Sultanate by sending gifts directly to the nobles/sultans, offering loans from powerful trade bankers, and decreasing the trade taxes over all of Bengal, allowing more of our merchant goods to travel into those states. We also raise a portion of the Sultan's personal levy and then divide it out to be sent to the states leaders, so that they can do with them what they wish in order to maintain order in their nation. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase in scholars and literacy in our nation. Due to the removal of trade barriers among a majority of states in the Indian League, their merchants and ours begin to travel with increased mobility and goods, thereby increasing the trade income and output in the agreeing nations. With the plague being considered a far less threat now than it previously was, restrictions on trade and laws on inheritance/assests are changed to pre-plague laws. Due to the return to a high volume of trade after managing to work with a far smaller volume during the plague, investments by landed elites into expansion of their plantations, mines and levies increase exponentially. Due to the rampant rumors of Ava imprisoning Bengali traders, the Sultan of Bengal is forced to act, massing a force of levies and mercenaries to march upon the cities of Ava and demand the traders and their assests back. Another rumor begins to be spread that the traders are imprisoned for their Islamic religion, hoping to incite many Islamic protests in Ava. The force of levies and mercenaries has begun its march on Ava, not declaring war, but rather simply moving to surround several port cities and the capital of Inwa (Ava), issuing demands of the return of traders and their assests.
    • Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslim settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. 
    • The Swargadeo of Ahom has passed away multiple times in the past few years. Could you watch out for things like these when you post turns, please? -Sky
    • Netherlander Diplomacy: Dutch voyagers reach the coast of Bengal and they request access to the ports of the Sultanate after a long voyage
    • Bengali Diplomacy: The Sultan agrees to allow the Netherlander traders have access to Bengali ports.. 
    • Ayutthaya Dip: We agree to allow you to base military in the Kingdoms of Ayutthaya, if that agreement is reciprocated, a mutual military pact (we've already got siege guns). In practical, OOC terms, maybe mil aid on algos.
    • Bengali Diplomacy: The agreement is reciprocated and a mutual military pact is agreed to as well. 
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of them. We buy more books from China. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We begin building up our military and create even tougher practices. We slowly expands toward the OTL Kamchatka peninsula slowly.
  • Mughal Empire: With Alexandrian traders arriving in the delta of the Indus river, Emperor-Khan Mirza invites the Alexandrians to his court to discuss the relations between the Alexandria and the Mughal Empire. Mirza's wife gives birth to a daughter, Gulrukh Begum. Mirza wishes to improve the Mughali military and navy by importing technologies from Alexandria. In return, the Alexandrians will be allowed to settle in a small area near the delta of the Indus River. (mil turn)
    • Alexandria Dip: We send a royal duke - on our king's behalf - to negotate a treaty for this agreement. 
  • Fusahito Theocracy: The aging Daimyo of the Hatakeyama clan dies peacefully in his sleep, handing over power to the Emperor, his son-in-law. After hearing the news of this tragedy, the Daimyo's daughter, the Emperor's wife, is overcome with grief and commits suicide. A state funeral is held for the Daimyo and his daughter, and their bodies are cremated in the Shinto fashion. The Emperor orders a state mausoleum to be built in mourning, as a place to keep the ashes of the family. This mausoleum is intended to be the foremost architectural work in the whole of Japan, if not the entirety of Eastern Asia, a five story pagoda faced in white marble with a roof covered in thinly beaten gold. After the death of his wife, the Emperor vows never to marry again, and as he has not produced an heir, this causes concern in the Imperial Court due to the unclear line of succession.
    • In the case of the emperor not having any heirs - which is highly unlikely due to the tradition of having concubines - a member of one of the branch Yamato families would assume the position of emperor, male or female. With Blood and Iron (talk) 17:22, April 28, 2014 (UTC)
    • Yes, I realise that. All that I meant by it being unclear is that it is not a direct descendant. Ozymandias2 (talk) 17:31, April 28, 2014 (UTC)
    • Um, OK, sorry then. With Blood and Iron (talk) 18:05, April 28, 2014 (UTC)
  • Scandinavian Empire: Scandinavia expands its military, especially its navy. A new ship is built. Similar to the carrack of Southern European design, the isbrytare (icebreaker ship) is built. The rudder and re-inforced hull allows for safer exploration around the Greenland coast and other areas where ice is abundant (really anywhere in Scandinavia). Hamburg's demands are ignored as Scandinavia has the right to charge for passage through their seas, if not outright deny them altogether.
  • China: Continues integrating the annexed lands of Inner Mongolia and the process of taming the horse lords of the north. To the south, relations with the Tran Dynasty in Vietnam are improved while Lao Xing and the Khmer Empire expand their economies by exporting silk and dried tea into South East Asia. China continues aggressively asserting pressure on the remaining Taiwanese states to join Tainan in a unifed nation. Tainan expands through the mountains of Taiwan filling out the remaining unoccupied areas. Xitun capitulates to Tainanese and Chinese pressure as the immense treasure fleet sails into its territorial waters in a threatening manner and it is annexed into Tainan. The pressure amps up on Hualian. The Haixi Jurchens and Mongol Khanate work with Korea to develop their economies and trade network which is based on exporting horses and minerals to China and Southern Asia. The Chinese lands in Japan work on integration and stability whilst China itself develops its shipyards with naval engineers planning to build ships that are smaller and more maneuverable. The court eunuchs of China continue to iron out their plans. Lanxhou's economy is bolstered and there is talk within the imperial circles of establishing it as a secondary capital much like Yan (Beijing).
  • Netherlands: As the Venetians enter an economic crisis, Dutch traders and bankers see an opportunity to expand business and a period of aggressive commerce on the part of Dutch merchants and banking begins. The Dutch expeditions finally reach India with the first Dutch ships reaching the coast of India. The Dutch ships request access to port and to trade with the locals (Mod Response, please. I'm only looking for trade and port access in India. Also, this offer is for the Bengali, the Mughals and any other Indian player as well), displaying the Wallon firearms, metal works, pieces of art created, and many other things, the voyagers are fascinated by what they see. Meanwhile, trading and exploration along the African coast continues. Hoping to gain access to friendly waters the Dutch make a request to trade and access Madagasikara ports. The Dutch economy continues to grow at an amazing rate with the growing range Dutch trade and the wide variety of goods they are trading in now. The Island of Neiuwe Friesland (OTL Fernando Po) is now completely under Dutch control and is used as a supply outpost for traders and Dutch ships moving along. Expansion of the Dutch outpost on the Cameroon coast continues. Naval expansion continues as more ships are produced with the Dutch navy standing at 150 ships now. Military expansion also continues. Maurice and his wife have their second child a boy named William van Nassau-Orleans.
    • Mughal Empire Diplomacy: Trade is accepted, Dutch ships will be allowed to stay in Mughali ports. The Dutch might also gain a small portion of land to have a trade outpost there, although not for at least ten years.
    • Bengali Diplomacy: Being a more trade based nation, Bengal agrees to trade with the Netherlander's. We also will allow the Dutch traders to purchase property in a larger trade city once spacing is available for another nation's trade operation (Give it until about next turn and I'll have a building space or two open for the Dutch to base some traders in the region).
  • Mayan Empire: We begin expanding the Military industry si as to insire the army has enough weapons.
  • Prussia: The Prussians begin to develop their military. The Prussians continue to build their new navy.
    • Courland: The Curonians also continue developing their military.
    • Ossel-Wiek: Ossel-Wiek also continues developing their military. Duke Franz continues to reshape the face of Arenburg.
  • Alyeskan Khaganate: The Red Khagan continues to order the navy expanded. New ship designs come to light; a combination of panokseons and larger junks, these new, experimental ships should be significantly faster and more powerful than either, but have a smaller draft. One is put under experimental construction. Meanwhile, the other two types of ships in the navy now number 200. Ten more are under construction this year, while the conventional army now numbers 15,000 (or 15 uhlans). The Khagan reduces his "banner" unit to 5000 men, enabling him to create three, named by colour. The Green and Yellow Banners are largely ignored, while the Red Banner is staffed with his proteges. Meanwhile, contact with the tribes of OTL Northern California has normalized. In order to satisfy his insatiable craving for caffeine, the Khagan puts into operation a new foreign-policy plan proposed by his military staff. Alliance offers and the prospect of assistance to resist the powerful Colorado Confederation are sent to the tribes of Northern California. news of the military power of the Alyeskans has already filtered south from raids against the tribes further north, so this is an impressive prospect. Specifically, offers are sent to the Yorok, Shasta, Tolowa, Wiyot and Wintu. In return, a relatively small area of territory is requested to set up trading posts and farm. Mod Response Needed. Meanwhile, the Tsimshian forts expand by 200 sq km.
    • Hiada: Military expands. Shinto conversion continues. Integration into the Khaganate begins.
  • Mapuche:  The expedition north encounters the nations of Cuzco and Ica-Nazca. The explorers explain Mapuche civilization and, in turn, learn about the ways of these Northerners. They draw up detailed maps of all areas between the Mapuche and the aforementioned civilizations. At home, farmers and merchants continue to deal in iron and iron tools, increasing Mapuche productivity.
  • Jianzhou Jurchens:  A leader rises, named Kengshi. He is from a promenant clan, who was able to unite many and ascend to emperor by conquest and diplomacy. His evergrowing military force begins to shut down on clans who rebel, and claims to be emperor. This doesn't kill all clans, and in the north still lies disarray. This is a problem needing to be fixed. This new regime asks for an alliance with the Fusahitos and the Mughals. Also, trade with the Siberian tribes begins to rack up. (military turn)
  • Eire: Following the formation of Eire, the Norman Rebellions and years of consolidation of power by the king, the feudal system, much more recently established in Eire than the rest of Europe, finally breaks down. The dukes of the five provinces of Eire are all dead, their lands held by the king, and the old heads of clans are now country gentlemen living out their lives on the edge of the newly-established towns, the only thing of note is them holding a place in the King's Clan Assembly, styled after the English House of Lords. Nationalism is beginning to supplant feudalism. The people of Eire, who have loved the king and his policies for the advancement of the common folk begin to think of themselves as Eirics, with their own nation and church rather than O'Brians, O'Kennedys, or members of another clan. The old clan system finally breaks down, and in its place is a modern European nation with its eyes to the future. Indeed it was symbolic that in 1486, the old king, Eamon died in his sleep, a hero that matched, and even surpassed his father in places. His son, Tomas II, rises to the throne. Tomas, a bookish fellow who has his nose in tales about old Eire, and Albion has developed a sense of history that makes him into an effective ruler, that uses lessons from the past often. His first edict is to maintain the roads that brought Eire together with a civilian guard. These reforms make the roads safer for trade, and as a result, trade on the island blossoms. The middle class, having grown over the past 85 years until it has made a sizable part of the population. Fledgling merchant guilds begin to spring up, especially after the complete fall of feudalism. The King, seeking to add to the reformed military asks to buy cannons from Albion. Rumors reach us of the Oldenburger colony in a remote land of ice, and we commission an expedition led by former trader Eoghan O'Briain to see if there are any truth to the rumors. We discover Oldenburg's colony, and it prompts an era of exploration and new interest in the tales of "St. Brendan's Land" and "Hy-Brasil". The King, being no stranger to those legends himself, begins to commission expeditions into the Atlantic, with the old hulks being made smaller and sleeker.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to expand its trade, moving into the Indian Ocean and establishing connections with Madagascar. The expanded use of the Roman Stavraton restores a considerable amount of faith in the Roman economy. Because of this, the Empire makes an offer to Venice, offering to purchase the small Peloponesian ports along with a few islands in the northern Aegean. Mod response, please. The military continues to explore the possibility of using de Carlo's weapon inventions, even as he continues to dissect corpses for science. The first rifled weapons begin to show up, marketed not as weapons for the battlefield but as hunting weapons, the best of the best. Their costly expense ensures that only a few wealthy nobles will be able to purchase them.
    • Mod Response: They accept. 
    • Albania: The national military continues to improve thanks to the matchlock firearms. The population grows this year due to expanded trade and better harvests.
  • Alexandria: 'Trade continues to increase as the ports are re-established. More people are converted to Coptic Christianity due to the See of Saint Mark's presence, including those of the True Faith. Many Muslims reconsider their faith seeing the prosperity that Christians live in. Resources are sent to Aiguptia to maintain and protect the canal as that process continues and workers are encouraged to go seek out this opportunity. The economy picks up again as trade safety is improved in East Africa. Christians in North African nations are invited to immigrate to Alexandria. Missionaries and dignitaries remain in the Nubia region hoping to convert and influence some of the Nile cities (Turn Fifteen). The land acquired from Yemen by the Red Sea continues to see a port town established for sailors and merchants to rest before going into the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean, there is a medium increase in population as more people look to get into the trade business and travel from Castile requires a stop for their sailors. Officials finally catch up to immigration but do not anticipate the amount of immigrants for this year as well. In the province of Judea soldiers are to protect both Christian, Islamic and Jewish pilgrimages. Taxes are not like those in Alexandria where they favor Christians, but rather equal for all three of these religions. Small amounts of conversions take place mainly converting Christians and Muslims to Coptic Christianity. The region of Egypt completes consolidation into the kingdom and divided into provinces. Despite this consolidation a small number of revolts take place in the province of Thebes (South Nile Valley) by Muslims. Alexandria sends in troops to the south to keep the region calm and free revolt. Missionaries are also sent in to do some potentially forceful conversions. Alexandria works extensively on its navy as it wishes to further explore the deepest reaches of the Great Eastern Sea (OTL Indian Ocean). The Alexandria expedition returns from Bengal. OTL Goa becomes a massive destination for Alexandrian trades and relationships continued to be established.. They continue establish a trade post and presence here. Crown Prince Kyriacos is happy for his betrothal to Milan's own Anastasia. Grigorios begins plans of a reconstructed lighthouse on the cite of the citadel. Relations are established with the nation at OTL Goa. Mil Turn. Kafta continues interest in Ethiopian culture. An enclave at OTL Port Sudan begins to form due to trade. We offer to purchase one-half of Venice's Mediterranean Fleet (MOD RESPONSE). 
    • Aiguptia: Continues to stabilize the nation. Engineers, cartographers and philosophers from all trade partners are offered jobs to work on expanding the Philadelphi Canal to take on present day cogs, treasure fleets and other ships. At many points ships can pass freely using two separate canals or wide manmade lakes. However, there are still flows to be worked out, and portions to be widened, although the work becomes minimal. Citizens and people in the surrounding regions and province are converted to Coptic Christianity. Missionaries continue to convert people, especially in Cairo. Cairo also attracts many in anticipation of the canal. The city at the crossing point of the canal OTL Zagazig, begins to be filled by merchants and people looking to get involved in the trade industry, but becomes known for poorer living conditions and being put at risk for the plague. Missionaries and organizers are sent to Nubia region to assist in building a kingdom there. Mercenaries are raised to assist the Alexandrian merchants in their conflict for safe trade in order to maintain a presence on the former Somali land. Aiguptia expands 25px up the Jordan River. King Ibrahim becomes sick for five months, during which time he hands over control to Grigorios. 
  • Austria: This turn in both our nation and in all our vassals is dedicated to military. We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port. To respond to dangers in the area, and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren. With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Abrechtburg has grown to a decently sized settlement, supporting a population of farmers, traders, and a small garrison of soldiers. The town also houses a well furbished fort, armed with a small amount of cannons intended to defend the settlement and the harbor from any attack. Built out of necessity, the port at Abrechtburg is refurbished and expanded to support more trade ships, and allied countries are welcomed to trade and stay in the town. The second largest settlement in Westenland, Dominusburg, follows suit, beginning construction of a port similar to Abrechtburg ‘s. Trade posts continue to be built and exploited, now numbering several dozen along the coast of Westenland and into allied territory. Our reliance on the Wolof becomes less so, but we sign a trade agreement with their nation to continue our positive relationship. Deals are made with the Wolof for slaves and other goods. Conversion of the natives begin around the settlement. The territories purchased by the Visconti lord are consolidated into the new vassal of Ionia, which combines with our already existing territory in the Ionian Islands. Several bimereiches begin construction in Trieste, Melilla, Corfu, and other ports, to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. A garrison of soldiers is stationed on Corfu, which is designated as the capital of the territory. We continue to improve relations with our Italian neighbors to the south. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and other trade partners, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. We disapprove of the actions the nation of Venice has undertaken against our allies, and we secretly begin planning an attack if necessary. The formation and organization of the newly founded  kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine continues, proving to be a successful investment. With no clear heir, the counties of Gorz and Cili are both inherited by Maximilian I, who delegates them to Austrian nobles. Aquileia is also acquired by the archduke after decades of integration. Chur is handed over to Further Austria, consolidating the state into the portion  of the territory known as “Swiss Austria”. Metz is handed over to Luxembourg, while Sundgau is handed over to Strassburg. Rule of Brandenburg is delegated to Maximilian’s cousin Magnus, making Brandenburg a vassal of Austria. Magnus, who holds a claim to Pomerania via his mother Mary, begins heavily influencing the state to the north, officially beginning vassalization of Pomerania. Maximilian I is elected holy roman emperor in Frankfurt and returns home to Vienna. He plans to make a trip to Rome the following year to be officially coronated by the pope. Regular postal services connecting the Habsburg residences of Mechelen and Innsbruck, the first in Germany, are constructed, and plans are made for similar routes. The first cuirassier units (kyrissers) are formed as units of our army. The Guldengroschen, a large silver coin minted in Tirol, begins to be produced using silver from Schwaz. Maximilian also passes the Reinheitsgebot, or German Beer Purity Law, specifying the ingredients for beer produced in our nation.
  • Caucasian Confederation: Armenia and Assyria expand their militaries; Georgia, Rani, and Amier-Kavkasia keep fighting in Azerbaijan; Georgia keeps integrating Amier-Kavkasia (Four Turns left) and building Alexsaportu on the Persian Gulf (Four Turns left). [Very very busy this week, please forgive short turn.]
  • Oyo Empire: Learning of the economic woes of Venice, the Asaaju of Oyo sends a large gift of gold and diamonds to the Doge of Venice, hoping that the gift will alleviate some of the issues facing the city-state. Elsewhere, the expansion of Oyo's navy continues, with five additional yanyan and four nlanla built in Lagos, Accra, and Calabar. The Asaaju's original one-to-five warrior gun quota has been accomplished by the armories of Oyo, permitting out of the 150,000 potential troops of Oyo, a force of 30,000 warriors to be equipped with a gunpowder weapon. A total of thirty cannon have been produced for the army since Oyo gained access to the technology needed to produce them. With the army well-equipped, Olorun turns to the navy as his next target. Currently, only two ships in his large fleet are currently equipped with cannon, and only a few small ones to deal with potential pirates who have appeared in the region. As such, Olorun has ordered the armories not producing guns for warriors to beginning sending their workers to foundries to assist the workers there in producing more cannon. In doing so, Olorun hopes to have a sizable fleet of cannon-armed warships, especially those of the nlanla which at 15 meters in length, will provide an excellent gun platform for the new Oyo navy. The military, economy, and infrastructure are expanded by Oyo.
    • Benin: Benin expands its military, economy and infrastructure, and continues to expand its own navy as well. The colony on Principe is expanded by 250 km, placing all of the tiny island under its control. Also, a fortress is built on the island to serve as a forward base for the naval infantry to be deployed there in the future.
    • Mali: Mali continues to expands its military, economy and infrastructure, and the military force raised a few years ago is to be expanded to 32,000 troops in light of Songhai raids intensifying along the border, as well as Akan warbands marching to attack farmers and herds of Mali in the southwest.
  • Dai Viet: This turn is officially dedicated to economic expansion. The nation of Dai Viet begins expanding its military to protect the nation against any foreign attack. The government begins an active role in equipping some units, using its funds to ensure that the entirety of the militia is equipped with pikes and swords. Crossbows also begin to be used in select units, who are trained to be most effective during cavalry charges and to provide support for our infantry. Government forces are called and put to the test securing our southern border, garrisoning in recently acquired territory. Alongside expanding ground forces, the government also sees to need to expand naval forces, a process that began several decades ago. Small ships capable of longer journeys are constructed in major port cities, and cities in the south along the coast are expanded to facilitate naval activity on par with our northern cities. Trade ships are attracted to our major ports from nearby nations. Facilities are upgraded to better facilitate trade. With several dozen small trade ships and warships under the command of the government vassals, and several ships under its personal command, the government orders a series of operations in the east waters of the nation, hoping to root out pirates and protect trade routes. As a test of our navy, our largest warships, equipped with cannons and other weapons, make several expeditions around the Biển Đông (South China Sea). An expedition lands on the Philippines, where a trade post is established with one of the many tribes we commonly trade with.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: The nation of Muscovy begins trading along routes routing through the nation of Novgorod and its vassals, and the nation of Pskov. Money collected through trade and taxation is saved this year in the Muscovite treasury in case of an emergency. Trade routes are established between the nations of Poland, Hungary, Rumania, and the Roman Empire, and we promote friendly relations with all these nations. We become closer to Novgorod through trade, relying on Novgorod for safe land routes into our northern territory. The second state of the Ukraine continues to be vassalized, as trade routes are established to the city of Odessa. In case of attack we expand our military, recruiting free levies from our cities to protect local regions of our nation. Pikes and crossbows become common equipment in some units after they begin to be produced locally to outfit local regiments. Bowmen continue to be an essential part of our military to provide support for melee units, with some gunpowder weaponry being used. In major cities Kremlins are upgraded and outfitted with modern equipment and dedicated garrisons to combat any threat or invasion. The largest Kremlin, located in Moscow, is especially upgraded, with new walls being added that are wider and can hold cannons. Italian architects are also invited to our courts to design certain aspects of the city. Settlement in the north is encouraged, bringing Christian and Russian traditions to the north of our territory and even into northern Siberia, a territory held by the Mongol hordes to the east. By this time much of the population of our northern territory is converted to Christianity, and the fear of Dmitri the Impaler convinces many to remain that way, preventing the spread of unwanted foreign ideals. We hope to improve relations with the Tartary for now, so that our nations can prevent fighting in the future. We continue the construction of the fortress of Dmitrigorod facing Narva. This turn is officially dedicated to economy.
    • Lithuania: This turn is officially dedicated to economy. Trade between Moscow, Prussia and other nations helps to amass wealth, which is partially used to finance infrastructural projects and military fortifications.
  • Trier: We dedicate this turn to military, as do our vassals. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne, and Austria and her vassals. To improve infrastructure we begin building several defenses, and roads to link towns across the nation. Fortifications around our capital are improved and updated. The University of Trier, founded more than a decade ago, is expanded.
  • Economic work for Pskov, Alexandr is now at Baghdada and ready for his final stretch home from the silk road.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund now finds his nation back into complete stability as the last effects of the plague disappear from the nation and things return to normality. With the new nobility loyal to the crown as well as excellent administrators - the farmlands begin to be farmed in a much better fashion and the growth of the population once more begins to gather speed. Crown Prince Sigismund now reaches the age of 24, having heavy training experience in the arts of war as well as normal day to day governance and diplomacy. He begins to seek a wife - preferably between the ages of 17-21. Nikola Garai also becomes a capable man and to see the conditions of the people of Garai decides to take it upon himself to see how his people are doing and thus dressing up as a commoner he begins to tour Garay. Ladislaus, on the other hand, finds he has an aptitude for learning languages as well as learning about the folktales of many regions. He decides to begin touring the whole realm and collect all the folktales he hears (within reason) so that he could perhaps one day compile them all into one book. A large percentage of Croatians have now migrated from Croatia and have taken up residence in Dalmatia and Split, helping to boost the fledging population and provide for more manpower to work the farms. The villages from Dalmatia to Serbia now once more begin to become populated toward normal standards as hundreds of thousands of Hungarians continue to arrive, in what is being called by many "The Great Trek". Not only has this lead to the repopulation of the region, it has allowed for the region to become predominantly Hungarian, although most of the southern lands still hold a Serbian majority. Various centres of trade once more begin to bustle with trade as th repopulated lands begin to grow and earn money. With the mixing of the Dalmatian and Serbian cultures, various new folktales are born as different stories are mixed to create new ones. Stored grain are used when they are needed, and prove to be a winning system. In the times of war, the stored grain help peasants feed themselves and keeps discontent down. More large ships, such as carroks, are constructed in the dockyards in Croatia and Hungary itself. The good pay found for dockyard workers helps to increase competition for the job and allow for the use of skilled workers to build the ships all along the coast of Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia and Split. All ships fly the Hungarian flag with pride as they continue to sail. The ships assigned to protect the Hungarian coast now begins to be re-organised, with some of the oldest ships now being assigned to protect the coast as the need for the newer ships is somewhere else. With the need for much stronger ships, the old ships continue to be either retrofitted or completely torn apart to build new and much more stronger ships. Sigismund now tells his engineers he wants ships which can sail for a long time efficiently, and thus be very good at crossing large seas. Builders immediately look to construct such ships and quickly realise these ship requirement is similar to the Viking ships of old. Thus, merchants from the northern Atlantic ports are told to get in touch with the Scandinavian Empire and enquire and find old Viking ship designs. There is still much focus on smaller ships and these ships are made into powerful frigates (not frigates the class of ships) capable of dealing heavy damage to much larger ships. Muskets begin to be produced in large numbers in gunsmiths and many soldiers begin to receive training on how to use these in combat. Over 5000 men have been trained and for them these muskets have been allocated to be used. These Muskets now begin to be improved and work on versions not requiring the stand at all begins to take place. Cannons also begin to be built as gunsmiths fully understand the basic principles of the weapons. Ships, mainly the carracks, begin to be armed in heavier and heavier cannons which will help them fight ships much more successfully. These ships soon become the pride of the fleet and the crews begin heavy training. Seeing the growing iron and steel demands, trading for those resources is increased in exchange for grain. With growing numbers of ships arriving from docks, the fleet off the coast strengthens and the naval division begins to expand its range of operations quickly in case there is a threat from the sea. Merchant ships use Byzantine and Venetian ports to trade and earn money in, while sailing to UNC, Albionian and Dutch ports too, helping expand the influence of Hungarian merchants. This increase in trading helps to bolster the crown financially when the plague has led to many losses. The ports on the Altantic islands begin to see a rapid increase in trading and profits due to the word being spread. Trading with Zeta continues in earnest. The checkpoint castles are a great help in housing troops which are patrolling routes of both nations as well as wealthy and influential merchants and nobles travelling between the nations. Poland now sees greater economic growth as their economy is not only stable but able to grow rapidly on its own. Poland continues to grow even stronger economically as more and more money is invested in trading stalls and merchentile systems as well as the construction for roads and such. The Polish workforce begins to build irrigation networks as well as begin to be told on how to farm using better practices. The Polish army continues to grow in strength, actively training with Hungarian soldiers to better their fighting skills while getting supplied by Hungarian blacksmiths. Both nations now see a large amount of trade conducted within each other's borders and this makes the merchants learn of each other's languages. Many become fluent in Polish while other fluent in Hungarian. In the border regions, a mixture of the languages begin to develop as it becomes more convenient for speakers and tradesmen. Serbian loses almost all influence as by now the workers have either integrated into Polish society or have left for Poland. However, due to the large number of merchants from Hungary - who's economy is booming, Hungarian begins to be spoken in many parts of Poland as it becomes the preferred trading language. Hungarians continue migrating into Poland helping to bolster its population numbers significantly. The plague has lead to a rise in wages overall and peasants begin to earn much more money than ever before as a result of the plague, with nobles having lost a large amount of influence over the peasants. The King now has much more control over his nation as a result and to try to keep some power, the Council of Esteemed Nobles becomes more official as nobles and lords meet up to discuss matters of state and such. The population of Hungary is estimated be growing, although hundreds of thousands have left the nation in search of higher pay and this has left growth rather stunted. Large irrigation channels have been created by workers, helping to expand the regions of farmland under the control of the crown. Most, if not all, soldiers now identify themselves as Hungarian in Banu Sulaym as Hungarian becomes the common spoken language. This helps them maintain control much more easily. The printing press industry begins to kick off as Bibles begin to be printed using the printing presses. Pskovian printed goods are still banned in Hungary, Croatia, Poland and all of the vassals.
    • The Kingdom of Croatia sees a diversification in its economic growth as it now uses some of its farmlands to earn money from. The dockyards cut the wood and build the large fighting vessels for the Crown, as requested by the king himself. The large dockyards and ports continue to build carroks at a good rate, although the loss of workers has meant many have to be hired at higher prices. Yet the higher prices also brings with it much better quality and this makes up for the loss in quantity. The Hungarian Carroks are fitted with some of the best cannons in the world and help to make these ships a threat. A tariff for merchants trading is also in place but it is put at favourable levels with none for the Venetians due to the alliance between the states and the amount of trading between them. Venetian traders are a common sight in Croatian ports, helping to bring in much revenue. The soldiers are trained in Croatia to protects its remaining ports. Using large amounts of money from the treasury, more shipyards begin to be built to help to launch a much larger fleet than currently possible.
    • In Garay, all roads have now been fixed and thus this allows for the trading speeds to increase expodentially. With the plague finally over within Garay lands, the Garai Family can finally begin to reaffairm order over all their territories. Using his power, Lord Garai encourages the growth of small towns and villages and hopes to keep encouraging them to grow crops and increase trading. Many men are also trained in military combat to make them more effective foot-soldiers. The Garai Family see a greater gain in influence in various lands such as Croatia, Split, Zalchumia, Bosnia and Dalmatia.
    • In Split, the nobles begin to work on creating standing armies to manage and controlling their lands. Castles continue being built in the vassal while many old ones are completely torn apart and their land allocated for peasants. The soldiers of the nobles who were executed are distributed between the present nobles and they quickly begin to adapt - training with their new fighting partners. The nation trains its knights hard and trains commoners too. Many new dockyards and ports commissioned by the crown are completed with a lot of money spent on the construction. These soon begin to produce ships.
    • Bosnia also sees a lot of economic and military growth. Croats move into Bosnia - once more becoming a majority in the vassal and thus allowing for more and more pro-Croat feelings within its peoples. The incoming Croats also help to increase population and repopulation abandoned towns.
    • In Serbia, a significant number of people from Hungary and Croatia - but mainly Hungary - arrive to repopulate the lands. Many reconstructed towns and villages once more bustle with activity and farmlands again begin to be farmed for crops to grow and sell. The workforce here begins to receive some of the highest pay within the realm and as a results tens of thousands of more Hungarians begin to arrive. Local militias are also trained while many roads repaired and the economy grows.
    • Banu Sulaym finally sees stability as its borders are manned and any signs of the plague disappear. The seige equipment helps to defend the enclave from any exterior attacks by barbaric generals. Missionaries also begin to spread throughout the enclave and although most of the population is Christian, they still preach. Many churches begin to be constructed to show the devotion of the vassal to God. Missionaries also begin to head out into Tunisia to try to convert people while many sneak out through gaps in the fortifications against the enclave by the Mashriq generals to try to spread Christianity and create resentment against the generals. There does seem to be some effect as word arrives there are more Christian converts.
    • In all the other vassals the military strengthens and the economy grows while infrastructure is worked on to improve it. A high ranking noble from the Kingdom of Poland offers his daughter - who is aged 20, for the Crown Prince. The Crown Prince travels to meet her and remarks her beauty is astonishing and thinks that this could be too good to be true. However, he is reassured she is still innocent and thus it is decided they will be married in the next year itself.
    • Impo, you have a dirty mind. "she is still innocent ..."
    • (cough) Too much Game of Thrones (cough).
  • Zapotec: Tlaco II expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco II orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Trade with the Aztecs commences after years of stagnation under Tlaco I. Trade continues with the Aztec break-away states.

1487

A witch-hunters' manual titled Malleus Maleficarum (Hammer of [the] Witches) is published in Speyer, Germany and becomes the standard guide for the persecution of witches.

Having been elected last year in Frankfurt by a council of the electors, Maximilian I makes a trip to Rome and is officially crowned as Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Celestine VIII.

Whoever keeps messing up the code of the page when we edit, stop ... I hate editing source mode ... :/ -Feud

I've sorted the coding issues - someone used stars in the wrong place. Ozymandias2 (talk) 16:50, April 29, 2014 (UTC)

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers continue to explore the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, shipwrights continue to fuse and modify aspects of ships that are known to operate around the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, in order to develop larger ocean-going ships. Meanwhile, Urraca gives birth to a boy, who is named Rodrigo.
  • In Ayutthaya, infrastructure projects continue. This also results in a boom in trade, spreading out throughout South-Eastern Asia, its effects reaching China in the North, Sanafah in the West, Australia to the South and Japan to the East. Meanwhile, as we have secured the straits of Malacca, we slightly reduce the dues to pass through, causing significantly more trade to pass that way. Gold pours into the kingdoms. More ships are built, partially for trade purposes, with our ships reaching as far as as Southern Africa, and with planned expeditions even moving over the Cape of Good Hope. We establish trade posts throughout India and Southern Asia. Relations between religions continue to be excellent, with the Buddhist majority welcoming the smaller Hindu and Muslim minorities. We begin to influence Aru, helping them stabilize their state. Trade continues to flow through Sukhothai to China. Work continues on the Spire of Indaraja - the H̄xkhxy h̄æ̀ng Indraja - in the city of Ayutthaya. A massive monument, it is a spire reaching almost 100 feet tall, expected to be finished in 1500. Made mostly out of white marble and gold inlay, this is accompanied by a massive renovation project reaching throughout the cities of Ayutthaya, building new roads, new walls and new houses throughout the nation. The King also orders a day of celebration to mark the day of Indaraja's death. Another few ships cross the Cape of Good Hope, but, finding it far less rich than India, China and Arabia, it is decided to abandon it and confine our trade to Asia and Eastern Africa. We do, however, offer a trade treaty to Egypt. You get unrestricted trade in Singapore and Malacca, and we get free access to the Philidelphi Canal. More ships land in the Marriwuyanga Empire. We form a military pact with Bengal. The Golden Army continues to train, along with hundreds of other militias and armies. All vassals implement new infrastructure building methods.
    • Oman Dip: You can build a small trade post on Banda, or you can build a much larger one on the mainland of Oman. The decision is up to you.
    • Netherlands Dip: Dutch merchants request access to Siam to begin trading with the region. (I'm only looking for trade and to establish a few settlements in parts of the East Indies. I won't kick you out. Fair enough, Guns?)
    • Ayutthaya Dip: 
      • ​@Oman: We choose mainland, if you're OK with that.
      • @Netherlands: If you wish to trade with us, your merchants will be confined to a strict section of the city, and must pay customs dues on goods they bring in. (Nk, I know how colonization went OTL. You have no chance in hell of "kicking me out"- you're on a short damn leash, mmkay?)
      • Ummm, OK, but I'll be taking one outpost in the area, if you don't mind. It is not one you directly control so don't worry and my focus will be shifting elsewhere. With Blood and Iron (talk) 22:52, April 29, 2014 (UTC)
  • Zapotec: Tlaco II expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco II orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Trade with the Aztecs commences after years of stagnation under Tlaco I. Trade continues with the Aztec break-away states.
  • Mon continues to consolidate his territory, defending it from other tribes. Myths around Mon, the non-official ruler of the Con tribe, begin to appear, as his list of actual feats are incredible. One myth states that Mon wrestled with a rhinoceros, and made it concede defeat out of fatigue. The crop this year is much better than the previous two years, and the clan has a surplus of grain to feed itself, along with those who continue to hunt and gather. Mon shows interest in the European ways of life, and has the urge to educate his sons there. From the occasional visit of Europeans, Mon has figure out that they enjoy the tusks of Elephants and call them "ivory". Mon prepares to go on an Elephant hunt in order to increase the wealth of the tribe, for trade.
  • Cuzco: War with the Ica-Nazca continues, the Tawasuyu Confederacy is declared defunct. Encounters with the Mapuche has the King and his military leaders on edge, and they are warned of the problems that attempting the breech Cuzco's sphere of influence will bring. We also warn them that involvement in the ongoing War for Cuzcan Dominance will be treated as a declaration of war. The war, which started out as a stalemate is beginning to shift in Cuzco's favor, though only slight gains are made. Population hits 210,000
    • Qullasuyu: War stuff continues. The purging of ethinc Aymarans continues. population stands at 9000 Cuzcans and roughly 4000 free Aymaras, with another 7000 living in bondage as slaves to their Cuzcan overlords.
  • Prussia: The Prussians begin to develop their military. The Prussians continue to build their new navy.
    • Courland: The Curonians also continue developing their military.
    • Ossel-Wiek: Ossel-Wiek also continues developing their military. Duke Franz continues to reshape the face of Arenburg.
  • Kingdom of Gwalior: The invitation to Dhundar had been sent to form a dynastic union with Gwalior (Mod Please) The rich fertile lands of Dhundar as well as the iron clad lands of Gwalior would've indeed worked perfectly with each other. Dhundar had been offered access to the artillery and gunpowder based weaponry which had been quite rare in India and the chance of having its infrastructure developed to the top standards as well as protection by Gwalior. Meanwhile, an envoy had been sent to Gujarat in order to purchase a small piece of land which would've granted Gwalior access to the Arabian Sea (as agreed upon during the second Indian League Summit) Development of gunpowder based weaponry continued as there was a need to protect Gwalior from invaders. The population had risen to 205,000 and the army had a total of 8000 troops (2000 GDF and 6000 GOF). Raja Vikram had been particularly proud of his army and granted the soldiers a high status amongst the rest of the citizens. The construction of the largest worship place, The Golden Temple of Gwalior continued as Raja Vikram brought thousands of architects from various parts of India. (Year three of 20). Many Muslim communities had been displeased by the construction of the temple and had protested in front of the Royal Palace. Raja Vikram had swiftly reacted and had ordered the protestors to be imprisoned although the protestors were later released by Prince Vajrayashtra and a promise of the construction of a mosque had been made. Trade with the states of Gondwana and Bastar had started and Raja Vikram offered their people a chance to work in the iron mines at Gwalior for daily wages. The children of the families that were willing to work at Gwalior had houses constructed for them. Gwalior invested heavily in both of the Indian states and had their military trained directly by Gwaliori commanders. An envoy was sent to the Mughal Empire, requesting the Mughal Emperor to meet with the Raja of Gwalior and as well as re-establish the trade that used to take place between Gwalior and the Mughals prior to the Bengal-led invasion of the Mughal Empire. Indeed, the people of Gwalior cherished the time when their relationship with the Mughals had been similar to that between two brothers.
    • Mughal diplomacy: The Emperor welcomes the envoy and the re-establishment of trade, although he requests the meeting to hold place in the royal palace in Kabul, due to the Emperor having both political and personal obligations that are currently forcing him to stay in Kabul.
    • Gwalior Diplomacy: The Raja of Gwalior is notified of the response by the end of the 1487 and shall make his trip to Kabul (Along with various other members of the Gwaliori Royal Family) in 1488.
    • Bengali Diplomacy: The Sultan asks the Raja Vikram to stop attempting to incite a holy war and divide the Indian League. The Indian League is meant to cross the boundaries of religion and culture and unite India as an unstoppable force to preserve each individual nations sovereignty and right to do as they please without fear of petty squabbles or lusts for power threatening them in their own homeland. The Sultan further states that continued action against the unity of the League will necessitate action.
    • Gwalior Diplomacy: Raja Vikram sends a letter to the Sultan of Bengal. Dear Sultan of Bengal, I am not really sure what you meant by dividing the unity amongst the Indian League and inciting a holy war. It is indeed true that I have given up my previous radical ideology of a Hindu unity. For now, I am merely helping the states of Gondwana and Bastar become strong as well as providing weaponry to Dhundar to strengthen its military. May I remind you that the Indian League shall never attack Gwalior. There certainly is a reason as to why it is referred to as the Indian League and not the Bengal League. The threats by Bengal are absolutely blatant violation of the Treaty of Delhi. Threatening other nations because their actions do not suit your interests is wrong and absolutely no Indian state will allow this kind of aggression to take place. Finally, my alliance with the Mughals has nothing to do with the Indian League and Bengal has no right to poke its nose in Gwalior's business Regards, Raja Vikram
    • Bengali Diplomacy: The Sultan of Bengal wishes to remind the Raja Vikram that he cannot control the actions and decisions of NPC nations. He further states that he never said the Indian League would attack Gwalior, he only said that it would attempt to preserve the sovereignity of Indian states, be they Hindu, Buddhist, or Islamic. These threats are not made because they run contrary to Bengal's interests in peace and prosperity for all people of India and her friends, but rather made in the need to preserve the right to self determination of all peaceful League nations, the same right that was cemented with the establishment of the League in the face of the threat of utter desolation of India. 

Insert some rant about Hindus hating Muslims and uniting Hindus against Muslims with quotes taken from Gwalior's previous arguments and turns, yet saying a Hindu nation and Muslim nation are "two brothers" here (And when did Gondwana and Bastar become poverty stricken? I wish I could randomly make up an NPC nations economic situation for my benefit.) Yeah, you can't just be saying what some of these nations are. Also, a lot of this stuff would need to be asked. You can't just say some of these things. -Feud

I removed the words poverty striken. By the way, all that Hindu unity thing was actually a lie Raja Vikram made up so he could gain control of India. When it failed, he decided to ally with the Mughals. It's just like the way the USA is fighting Al Qaeda in Afghanistan and at the same time supporting Al Qaeda in Syria. Also I have three questions 1) When do I get added to the map? 2) According to the map, isn't Delhi part of the Mughal Empire? 3) If Army A uses swords and Army B uses muskets, who will win? I asked it because there was no mention of how much a nation had their weaponry developed in the algorithm - Gwalior

If you had said "Succkaaaaaaasssss" after saying it was a lie, I'd have called you Ratc for eternity.

1) In 1490. The map wasn't properly done in 1485 but now we have a couple of proper mapmakers who'll do it (Sine and Ms). 2) IDK. 3) Because technology is gained by more advanced nations, the algo will give them points elsewhere. Not that this applies to you, because 100% of your neighbors have guns and etc. 

ALSO, I'd like to point out that you need to stop ticking off Bengal, because they will steamroll you in an actual war. They have more allies, they're way richer, they've go a massively larger population, they are more advanced, they've got better siege weapons, and most of the Indian League will side with them. 


  • Mapuche:  The expedition returns at the end of the year and reports to Draven and the general population in Xoryan; they tell of countries of the north and of the war between the Ica-Nazca and Cuzco. Tales of the newly-explored realm quickly spread throughout the land. Several young people of Xoryan, living in what has become the cultural hub of the Mapuche and hearing of the strength of these centralized Northern nations, Starts a movement to transform the Mapuche into a more organized country. This idea is re-inforced by the sense of Mapuche identity and co-operation that has formed over the recent years. There are 40,575 Mapuche in the territory.
  • Hamburg-Mecklenburg: The military is expanded and improved, now almost one of every three men is armed with a wheellock or arquebus. One day, a general watches over the archers training, and wonder if their releasing en masse could be applied to firearms. He gathers fifty men and arranges them in a line, ordering them to shoulder and fire their weapons together on his command. Several volleys are fired at simulated soldiers. The volleys proves devastating, the firearms' lack of accuracy is made up for with the sheer volume of projectiles. He begins thinking of how to apply it to the whole army, while the arquebusiers will be protected by the pikemen. Exploration of the African coast continues, and while Hamburg ships are whaling in Greenland, they begin mapping the coast. Williamsburg and Neue Lüneburg continue to grow and expand with the increasing trade between the Africans and Europeans.
    • Magdeburg: Economy expanded.
    • Removed due to coding issues. (Trying to find source of the problem). -Feud
    • Too far ahead tactics-wise for you. Not happening -Feud
  • Mayan Empire: Roads are built to connect the Empire and trade continues. Weapons are made for the army and the God Emperor is praised for his wisdom.
  • In the Empire of Madagasikara, some calm has returned to the nation following last year's rebellions. Conversions continue, but the new government, which rules over the Comoran, Sanafahi and Sakalavan states, begins to creak under the strain of maintaining such obligations as protecting Christians and all other citizens. Gabriel attempts a new strategy of conversion by convincing animists that the spiritual force in the world is God and that by worshiping him you are really worshiping His dominion over the spirits, which is already commonly held in Malagasy native faith. At the same time, Muslims are taught to leave Mohammed behind as a false prophet, but this plan is not as effective as the resounding defeat of the Comoran Sultanate. With purges of Spiritist Movement followers, as authorized by Andrés, many Spiritists convert, in name at least, to Christianity. Construction continues on the University of Mahajanga and the written history of Madagasikara. The Inquisition continues in the Comoros, aimed at targeting pro-Rahasan Muslims. Betsileo's rebellions have finally appeared to quiet down as more missionaries enter the region.
    • Toamisina continues to be prepared for integration by 1490. In Sofala, expansion continues. Maputo continues to be impacted by the Malagasy culture and Christian faith, and expands to the north. The plan to assimilate Maputan natives by sending their first-borns to Madagasikara is relatively successful in its second year.
  • County of Oldenburg: The OHG sends a small but dedicated fleet to Northern waters this year. A profitable but sustainable catch is caught this year. The Governor of Dietrichdorf, upon learning that the Hamburgers are mapping the Greenlandic coast, dispatches the colony's naval sloop to do the same job in an official capacity. The small vessel follows the coast south, following the whaling fleet, taking precise (for the 1400s) measurements along the way. On return, the sloop's captain compares notes with his Hamburger counterpart. Back in Oldenburg, the Bank of Albion and the Bank of Holland both inject much-needed capital into the banking sector.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The military is built up, as is the order of the Seraphim. The final touches are put on the plan to nationalise all town land. 
  • Jianzhou Jurchens: Kengshi continues his campaign of uniting the jurchens of the state. Many clans submit, but some try to fight back. These clans are rarely successful. We continue to trade with the diyamos of japan and the tribes of siberia. We work on the economy, which grows with the new regime. The cities slowly grow and many nomads begin to settle down. We ask for an alliance and trade with the mughals and the Fusahito Theocracy
    • Mughal Dip: Trade accepted, alliance delayed until further notice.
    • Fusahito Dip: The offer of trade is gladly accepted, with the Emperor eager to find a market for Japanese goods. The Emperor is not yet willing to commit to a full alliance, but offers a pact to show good intentions.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The King dies, leaving Elsa as the Queen of Scandinavia. Queen Elsa's coronation and subsequent ceremony is a grand, extravagant ordeal. Unfortunately, unforseen blizzard conditions snow the partygoers in for nearly two days. Elsa is able to retain calm by continuing the festivities and offering room and board to partygoers trapped by the snowstorm. A particularly memorable moment was when a rowdy partygoer was calmed by Elsa. 'Let it go' becomes synonymous with Queen Elsa and the festivities. The festivities are later chronicled as the Frozen Coronation.
    • Netherland Dip: Maurice extends a formal congratulation to Elsa of Scandinavia and sends a gift of several carved ivory and gold sculptures as a gift to the new queen. As a second part of his diplomacy he requests closer trade ties with Scandinavia along with renewing the alliance between the two states. 
    • Scandinavian Dip: We thank you for these gifts and we gladly renew the alliance!
  • Rumania: Mircea II, now 31, orders the construction of a navy for the purpose of defending trade routes to Alexandria and Azov. A dozen new ships are constructed in Constanta, this batch is to be the pride of the fleet, they are 50 feet in length and equipped with 20 small two-pounder cannons and three larger six-pounder cannons, bringing the fleet total up to 60 caravels. The printing press continues to spread across Rumania. As much as 8% of the nation has reached basic literacy, and the Moralists promote education of commoners by priests, in order to give everyone the opportunity to read the Bible.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: The economy continues to grow. The printing press spreads south into Bulgaria just as in Rumania. Ties with Rumania are strengthened.
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of them. We buy more books from China. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We begin building up our military and create even tougher practices. We slowly expands toward the OTL Kamchatka peninsula slowly.
  • Oirat D to Chagatai: We ask if they would like to join the Mongol Alliance.
  • Mughal Empire: The Mughal Empire prospers economically as it acquires two new trade partners from Europe and another one in the east. Muhammad Mirza issues the import of weaponry and other technologies. (eco turn)
  • The Pskovian Prince's cousin, Aleksandr Zaytsev, returns home form his long voyage to the lands far to the east, at the end of the silk road. He presents the prince with goods and spices form this land, and with a form of opium they use to medicinally dull pain. Aleksandr's notes are then taken, and printed many times over, translated into Latin, and set on ships around the world. The Voyage brought exotic spices and silks to Pskov, and tales in the memoirs of Aleksandr tell of gargantuan ships, with nine masts and that could carry enough supplies to last sailors in excess of a year. Pskov, with new naval capabilities, now being able to base itself out of its own territory, decides to invest money in contrating various shipwrights and to try to design a new type of ship, modified both for long deep sea voyages, as well as for the ice of the Baltic, to combine the koch with the carrack, and possibly to adapt even that to suit the purposes of the Pskovians, the Pskovians want more money for trade, and for that, the merchant fleet grows on its own, not all ships built in the shipyards of Pskov, Pskov continues to maintain a large monopoly on printed goods in the region, de facto controling many printing offices in ajacent states. Many states put up with this, however, due to the fact that Pskov is giving them scientific and cultural knowledge, advancing their knowledge of the world. Hearing of the ban of printed goods from Pskov, from Russia, in Hungary, the Prince issues a statement, "if the hungarian King does not want to be enlightened by the writings of both the ancients and the new philosophers, if they want to forgo the knowledge of the body and the mind, let them stay in the dark, and let not their filth enter our doors." An emissary is sent to Hungary to inquire about the nature of the ban on Pskovian literature.
  • China: Continues integrating the annexed lands of Inner Mongolia and the process of taming the horse lords of the north. To the south, relations with the Tran Dynasty in Vietnam are improved while Lao Xing and the Khmer Empire expand their economies by exporting silk and dried tea into South East Asia. China continues aggressively asserting pressure on the remaining Taiwanese states to join Tainan in a unifed nation. Tainan expands through the mountains of Taiwan filling out the remaining unoccupied areas. Xitun capitulates to Tainanese and Chinese pressure as the immense treasure fleet sails into its territorial waters in a threatening manner and it is annexed into Tainan. The pressure amps up on Hualian. The Haixi Jurchens and Mongol Khanate work with Korea to develop their economies and trade network which is based on exporting horses and minerals to China and Southern Asia. The Chinese lands in Japan work on integration and stability whilst China itself develops its shipyards with naval engineers planning to build ships that are smaller and more maneuverable. The court eunuchs of China continue to iron out their plans. Lanxhou's economy is bolstered and there is talk within the imperial circles of establishing it as a secondary capital much like Yan (Beijing). The centralisation of the Jianzhou Jurchens is viewed with concern and the Emperor seeks to know whether or not they will be friendly.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite does its job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. We continue to help finance the Plutocratic State of Jaunpur, Delhi Sultanate and Bahamani Sultanate by sending gifts directly to the nobles/sultans, offering loans from powerful trade bankers, and decreasing the trade taxes over all of Bengal, allowing more of our merchant goods to travel into those states. We also raise a portion of the Sultan's personal levy and then divide it out to be sent to the states leaders, so that they can do with them what they wish in order to maintain order in their nation. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase in scholars and literacy in our nation. Due to the removal of trade barriers among a majority of states in the Indian League, their merchants and ours begin to travel with increased mobility and goods, thereby increasing the trade income and output in the agreeing nations. With the plague being considered a far less threat now than it previously was, restrictions on trade and laws on inheritance/assests are changed to pre-plague laws. Due to the return to a high volume of trade after managing to work with a far smaller volume during the plague, investments by landed elites into expansion of their plantations, mines and levies increase exponentially. The levies and mercenaries continue to occupy the land around the largest of the cities of Ava until the demands of Bengal are met.
    • Emirate of Andamana:' Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure.
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslim settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems.
      • Bengali Diplomacy (Needs mod response please): In the wake of belligerence and interests in abolishing unity by the Raja of Gwalior, we ask to reaffirm our alliances to the the prestigious and ever powerful nations of China, Tibet, and Vijayanagar.
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. Our turn is dedicated to economy in both our nation and our vassals. We grow closer to Padua, having successfully liberated their city, and the hero of the liberation, Stephano the Brave, begins seeking a wife. Many begin to call for a possible counter attack into Venice to end their clashes with Milan once and for all, and possible plans are created.
    • Milanese Diplomacy: We ask that Stephano the Brave be wed to Anna, sister of the Dutch king.
    • Netherlands Dip: Maurice I agrees to wed sister to Stefano, in exchange for increased trading rights in Milan.
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows, increasing our military capabilities in case of war. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. The recent classes of Koch ships are being manufactured in Novgorod. The town of St Patriksburg’s population grows a bit more that last year. As the construction of the town improves, the Kremlin finishes, trade becoming more in demand, the town gains slightly. Because of the trade road built with Tver our economy increases. After seeing a great success with the private schools in the cities of Novgorod, St Patriksburg, Staraya Russa, and Nizhny Novgorod. We start building another private school in Rostov and Yaroslavl. We complete building private schools in Torzhok and a private school in Staraya Ladoga. We dedicate this turn to economy. We continue to establish ties with our allies Muscovy and Pskov. We offer to help Pskov develop this new type of koch, and engineers in Novgorod begin producing a model of their own. The new ship, constructed almost exclusively for sea-based travel will be thirty meters in length. The new ship will have three masts, and becomes known as a trikoch. We also begin producing shitiks that are fifteen to twenty meters in length for the purpose of transporting cargo.
    • Tver: We complete the construction of the private school in Tver and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Yaroslavl, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to economy.
    • Yaroslavl: We complete the construction of the private school in Yaroslavl and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to economy.
    • Rostov: We completed the construction of the private school in Rostov and start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Yaroslavl, Muscovy. We dedicate this turn to economy.
    • Pskov asks for the hability to produce this new ship in the Nizhnigorodsk-na-Narve shipyards.
    • Novgorod Diplomacy: We accept the offer from Pskov, and hope that we can work together to produce efficient ship designs.
  • Fusahito Theocracy: The Emperor is still in mourning for his wife and virtually retreats from court life, instead concentrating of the construction of the mausoleum in her honour. Meanwhile, Fusahito policy in the theocracy and its vassals centres around expanding the economy, notably through improvements in grain production.
  • Netherlands: As trading across the Eurasian continent expands so does the wealth Dutch traders are getting. Amsterdam continues to grow in wealth and importance. The riches of India produce great exceitement in the major cities of the Netherlands and more merchants begin investing in trips to the east. The cloth and spices brought in swiftly become all the rage amongst the political and economic elite. Financing of the arts and sciences continues in the courts of Brussels, the Hague and Amsterdam. One artist in particular - a Wallon artist by the name of Francis de Ville - gains the attention of Maurice's wife due to his particular style and emphasis on natural baeuty. At her request he is given a commission to paint the royal family, and for the city of The Hague. Anne, the sister of Maurice, now entering her thirties and still without a husband, is sent throughout the courts of Europe to secure a partner. Naval and military expansion continues. Dutch merchants head farther east to try to open up trade relations with other countries - particularly the Siamese and Malay. Maurice's third child is born and he is named Johann van Nassau-Orleans. The Dutch look to improve relations with the Indian states and with the Mughal.
  • The Kingdoms of Great Albion (Scotland and England) - member nation of the UKGA: The Navy is expanded further with the integration of the Scottish and Breton fleets. The number now stands at 440 ships total. Port Edmundburg continues to experience a growth in population. Albionic settlers continue to explore the surrounding areas. The Albionic Royal Navy begins better mapping Africa for the Crown. After decades of cultural merging, a new, Celto-Germanic culture finally begins to take firmer root. The English language has grown in official use and now royal documents, previously in Latin, are now translated into English. Troops that fought in the Pan-Hispania Wars return home and facilitate a minor baby boom. These experienced soldiers now train the army and navy commanders in advanced battle tactics. All ships passing through the channel are monitored for any signs of infection. The new dialect of English found in Eire has spread to Wales and Scotland. English nobles begin to enjoy the Celtic myths of Eire and Scotland. Port Edmundburg is declared a crown colony (OTL Sierra Leone) after decades as a profitable trade outpost. Expansion is planned next year to accommodate the growing population. A new city in the south of England begins to grow. The city's name is Gotham. The Templar Order continues to undercut the King's enemies and seeks ways to privately grow the power of the King and Albion as a whole. Albion begins spending money in mapping parts of the Atlantic, spurred on by great myths of a land far to the west (note: I am merely setting Albion up for colonizing). The Order buys up many smaller businesses and collectivizes some farms. The Order begins to expand into other areas of Europe, seeking to grow understanding as well as pushing Albionic ideals. The Order begins to (secretly) spend tonnes of pounds to influence Papal decisions as well as undermining Venetian banks to further expand the influence of Albion.
    • Brittany: Brittany is officially placed under Albionic influence. The military and navy are expanded.
    • Calais: Military and navy are expanded.
    • Dublin: Dublin undergoes another remodel and expansion to the ports due to the massive influx of trade from Castile and Venice as well as an increased Eire trade.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. Pan Albion sentiments grow, Trade increases.
    • Wales: Wales expands its military and navy. Cardiff becomes a large centre of trade for Wales. The Welsh appoint Adam Cyrdger as Royal Minister. The first sessions of parliament are held. Wales does not see as large a population boom as Albion or Scotland, but a minor one, centered around Cardiff and Swansea, does occur.
  • Oman: With the mosque nearly finished, more builders are directed to the ship-building yards of Sohar. This increases the rate and efficiency of the construction of trade and war ships. The first ships pass through the Philadelphi Canal and enter the Mediterranean, seeking new trade opportunities. An envoy is sent to Hungarian ports, offering a trade agreement. As part of newly-agreed terms of the Compact of Philadelphi, Bahrain passes to Alexandrian control, as well as the small port town of Abu Dhabi. A pirate ship intercepts a trade ship laden with nutmeg and mace fresh from the Banda Islands just off the coast of Masirah. A galley stationed on Masirah spots the unfolding events and quickly rush to the stricken ship's aid, and the pirates are dealt with. But it is too late and most of the trade ship's cargo of valuable spices are lost. This event leads to the Sultan requesting all naval methods to be modified to be readied quicker in the case of an emergency. 
  • Eire: Following the formation of Eire, the Norman Rebellions and years of consolidation of power by the king, the feudal system, much more recently established in Eire than the rest of Europe, finally breaks down. The dukes of the five provinces of Eire are all dead, their lands held by the king, and the old heads of clans are now country gentlemen living out their lives on the edge of the newly-established towns, the only thing of note is them holding a place in the King's Clan Assembly, styled after the English House of Lords. Nationalism is beginning to supplant feudalism. The people of Eire, who have loved the king and his policies for the advancement of the common folk begin to think of themselves as Eirics, with their own nation and church rather than O'Brians, O'Kennedies, or members of another clan. The old clan system finally breaks down, and in its place is a modern European nation with its eyes to the future. Indeed it was symbolic that in 1486, the old king, Eamon died in his sleep, a hero that matched, and even surpassed his father in places. His son, Tomas II, rises to the throne. Tomas, a bookish fellow who has his nose in tales about old Eire, and Albion has developed a sense of history that makes him into an effective ruler, that uses lessons from the past often. His first edict is to maintain the roads that brought Eire together with a civilian guard. These reforms make the roads safer for trade, and as a result, trade on the island blossoms. The middle class, having grown over the past 85 years until it has made a sizable part of the population. Fledgling merchant guilds begin to spring up, especially after the complete fall of feudalism. The King, seeking to add to the reformed military asks to buy cannons from Albion. Rumors reach us of the Oldenburger colony in a remote land of ice, and we commission an expedition led by former trader Eoghan O'Briain to see if there are any truth to the rumors. We discover Oldenburg's colony, and it prompts an era of exploration and new interest in the tales of "St. Brendan's Land" and "Hy-Brasil". The King, being no stranger to those legends himself, begins to commission expeditions into the Atlantic, with the old hulks being made smaller and sleeker.
    • Albionic Diplomacy: The King reminds Eire, that as a member of the United Kingdoms of Greater Albion that all military advancements are shared between fellow nations. 200 new cannon are shipped to Eire via Dublin.
  • Ethiopia: We build up our military and navy. The navy builds more ships for trade. Many churches are still continuing to be built. We use the Nile river to trade with our allies Alexandria. Agriculture is our biggest industry in the country besides trade. We expand our nation's southern borders 15 px south. The wall and outposts around the capital city are still in the process of being built. Our nation expands our northern borders 15 px north into the disorganized territory. In Nubia, our missionaries influence the people in the Ethiopian Orthodox way. We expand our eastern border 15 px east. The reason for going east is to get to the Indian Ocean and to get coastal lands. Due to a population boom, farmers grow more food for our hungry citizens. The king continues the build of great castle of Ethiopia. Trade ships sail to Arabia to trade with them and expand our influence to them. The king ask Yemen if we can buy some land from you. (need mods response) We set up port cities on Yemen.
  • Chiribaya We build up are Military and infrastructure.
  • Alexandria: Trade continues to increase as the ports are re-established. More people are converted to Coptic Christianity due to the See of Saint Mark's presence, including those of the True Faith. Many Muslims reconsider their faith seeing the prosperity that Christians live in. Resources are sent to Aiguptia to maintain and protect the canal as that process continues and workers are encouraged to go seek out this opportunity. The economy picks up again as trade safety is improved in East Africa. Christians in North African nations are invited to immigrate to Alexandria. Missionaries and dignitaries remain in the Nubia region hoping to convert and influence some of the Nile cities (Turn Sixteen). The land acquired from Yemen by the Red Sea continues to see a port town established for sailors and merchants to rest before going into the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean, there is a medium increase in population as more people look to get into the trade business and travel from Castile requires a stop for their sailors. Officials finally catch up to immigration but do not anticipate the amount of immigrants for this year as well. In the province of Judea soldiers are to protect both Christian, Islamic and Jewish pilgrimages. Taxes are not like those in Alexandria where they favor Christians, but rather equal for all three of these religions. Small amounts of conversions take place mainly converting Christians and Muslims to Coptic Christianity. The region of Egypt completes consolidation into the kingdom and divided into provinces. Despite this consolidation a small number of revolts take place in the province of Thebes (South Nile Valley) by Muslims. Alexandria sends in troops to the south to keep the region calm and free revolt. Missionaries are also sent in to do some potentially forceful conversions.  Alexandria works extensively on its navy as it wishes to further explore the deepest reaches of the Great Eastern Sea (OTL Indian Ocean). The Alexandria expedition makes it to Ayutthaya with the nobal who negotiated the Treaty of Karachi. OTL Goa and Karachi continue to become a massive destination for Alexandrian trades and relationships continued to be established. The state owned Great Eastern Sea Trade Company is formed by King Grigorios himself and a group of nobles and merchants. They continue establish a trade post and presence here. Grigorios begins plans of a reconstructed lighthouse on the cite of the citadel. Relations are established with the nation Vijaynagar, an we ask to establish more trading posts along the coast  [Mod Response]Mil Turn.  Kafta continues interest in Ethiopian culture and even goes on a tour of the nation. An enclave at OTL Port Sudan begins to form due to trade. We offer to purchase one-half of Venice's Mediterranean Fleet (MOD RESPONSE).  
  • Mod Response: One-half is too much, but if you lower your offer, we may accept.
  • Mod Response: Trade posts yes.
  • Alexandria Dip: We lower our offer to one-quarter at a slight increase per ship.  
  • Mod Response: My gut reaction is to say that this is still too high, so another mod opinion would be appreciated.
  • Alexandria Dip: We'll take whatever Venice is willing to sell. 
    • Aiguptia: Continues to stabilize the nation. Engineers, cartographers and philosophers from all trade partners are offered jobs to work on expanding the Philadelphi Canal to take on present day cogs, treasure fleets and other ships. At many points ships can pass freely using two separate canals or wide manmade lakes. However, there are still flows to be worked out, and portions to be widened, although the work becomes minimal. Citizens and people in the surrounding regions and province are converted to Coptic Christianity. Missionaries continue to convert people, especially in Cairo. Cairo also attracts many in anticipation of the canal. The city at the crossing point of the canal OTL Zagazig, begins to be filled by merchants and people looking to get involved in the trade industry, but becomes known for poorer living conditions and being put at risk for the plague.  Missionaries and organizers are sent to Nubia region to assist in building a kingdom there. Mercenaries are raised to assist the Alexandrian merchants in their conflict for safe trade in order to maintain a presence on the former Somali land. Aiguptia expands 25px up the Jordan River. 
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Grand Duchess Eleanor and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1487 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1487, Eleanor commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The market center in Landshut continues to attract Bavarian and Venetian traders. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Eleanor ends her predecessor's policies of advancing Sedevanticism in the government. As the new Grand Duchess, Eleanor continues to vet and interrogate most of the powerful nobles of Bavaria. To work more efficiently, she appoints Vallerio Volpe as her spymaster. By the end of the year, Eleanor hosts a more developed middle class in Trausnitz than her numerous predecessors had. This earns her the sobriquet "The Middling Queen" to flavor the already popular "Merchant Queen" title. In other news, Eleanor continues to develop her cousin's seemingly successful administrative policies. Court physicians continue to bathe in religious ceremonies, hoping to appease God. In national news, the common courts continue to be implemented around Bavaria as several of the lower class make use it of. The serf laws begin to be used as well. While not extremely active, as many as three dozen serfs earn their freedom by the end of the year. Many freed serfs find work and home in the cities, while others continue to informally live on their lords' lands. This situation becomes a status quo and is foreseen to last the century. Many skeptics of Eleanor's reforms predict they will not affect Bavaria much until 1500. Eleanor sends an offer to buy certain unprofitable lands from the Venetians, in return for a large amount of ducats to refill Venetian coffers. The land in particular to be sold is up to Venetians, however, Eleanor makes a note that Naxos would be much appreciated. If it pleases the Doge, parts of Kaffa may be purchased as well. (Mod/Kun response, please)
    • Munchen: By 1487, the total class of Queen Isabell University amounts to about 3000 men. Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. 
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The clergy of Wurzburg find small solace as the Grand Duchess is the somewhat temperate, analytic Eleanor. 
  • Hesse: We send a ship with soldiers armed with arquebuses down to the joint Oldenburger-Hessian colony in Africa. We ask Scandinavia if we could buy land in Bremen. Karl I seeks a wife. Karl I, still young, and arrogant in his rule, gives himself the title, 'His Grace, Karl of the Houses Hesse and FitzGerald, the First of His Name, Grand Duke of the Hessians, Lord of Frankfurt, Nassau, Gottingen, Lippe, Bruchhausen, Bremen, and Neu Lippe, and Protector of the Realm'. Peasants, regard him, instead of this name, as the 'Vicious, Young, Idiot.'
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The disease continues killing many. The king attempts to avoid such an event but it fails only spreading it harder in regions of Basel, Lorraine and Burgundy - as well as in Sardinia where it kills hundreds without any seeming cause. The death toll reaches a half million since the start and many corpses accumulate throughout the domains, impelling the need for a better way to avoid the kingdom and bringing many to doubt the king's might on the French monarchic lands. This is even more acute in regions like Sardinia far from the central government. La Marche vassalage begins. The vassalage of Limoges finished last turn. While this, Nevers vassalage begins as well.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up. Economy expands. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Albret: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Nemour: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Guyenne: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. Some begin to question the king of France's choices and begin wondering about establishing their own state.
    • Basel: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Aargau: Military and economy are built up. The French presence begins to be felt. However, the attempts to establish a pro-Germanic government in order to avoid eventual uprisings, internal vassalization begins as well to fully convince German leadership.
    • Foix: Military and economy are built up.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. The native population drops to 450,000 (from around 750,000 in the region) due mostly to the plague and the war. French nobles begin to arrive due to the relative power void. While this, the French navy begins docking in Tunis, soon renamed Carthage.
  • Trier: We dedicate this turn to military, as do our vassals. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne, and Austria and her vassals. To improve infrastructure we begin building several defenses, and roads to link towns across the nation. Fortifications around our capital are improved and updated. The University of Trier, founded more than a decade ago, is expanded.
  • In the Tartary, recovery continues. Historians of the nation begin calling the period between the end of the Karelian War and 1482, a twenty-year struggle, the Time of Troubles. The economy begins to grow, and the military is improves upon. To the north, violence between Russian settlers and Nenets begins; those Russians caught wreaking havoc on the Yamal are deported, mostly unharmed, back to Muscovy. This eastward movement expands the borders of the Horde some 500 km eastward, close to Selkup settlements in Oiratia. While this does not have the explicit support of the Emperor, which wants to look for better relations with nations to the west, it does have the support of much of the population, which distrusts the Russians. Diplomatic missives are sent to Moscow (with a grievance), Stockholm and Constantinople.
    • Perm does similar things to what the Tatar people have done to the east, expulsing Russian settlers. The population once again begins to quickly grow. The economy also does, as merchants once again establish their commercial ties across the region. The ruble is now pegged to the stavraton rather than the ducat.
    • Adyghea stops suffering from the plague this year, as the population once again begins to grow. The economy also grows, and the ruble begins to be adopted.
    • In Kazakhstan several more duchies and ulus are murdered. The rulership of the Manghud is strengthened.
    • Azov also develops its military. Crop yields, however, once again begin to be built, as Tatars replace Ukrainians in those areas where the Ukrainian population was hit hardly.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to expand its trade. The military continues to experiment with the new technologies invented by Carlo de Patra. The Empire receives the diplomatic envoys of the Tartar Empire and asks them what they need. The Empire sends its condolences and congratulations toward Elsa, and her husband Thomas and several dignitaries attend, bringing gifts and technology. The regions purchased from Venice of last year are integrated into the Roman government.
    • Albania: The nation continues to work on its military and adds even more matchlock weapons into the armed forces. Training of a light cavalry regiment also begins to give the military some mobility and harassment capabilities.
  • Austria: This turn in both our nation and in all our vassals is dedicated to economy. We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port. To respond to dangers in the area, and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren.  With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Abrechtburg has grown to a decently sized settlement, supporting a population of farmers, traders, and a small garrison of soldiers. The town also houses a well furbished fort, armed with a small amount of cannons intended to defend the settlement and the harbor from any attack. Built out of necessity, the port at Abrechtburg is refurbished and expanded to support more trade ships, and allied countries are welcomed to trade and stay in the town. The second largest settlement in Westenland, Dominusburg, follows suit, beginning construction of a port similar to Abrechtburg ‘s. Trade posts continue to be built and exploited, now numbering several dozen along the coast of Westenland and into allied territory. Our reliance on the Wolof becomes less so, but we sign a trade agreement with their nation to continue our positive relationship.  Deals are made with the Wolof for slaves and other goods. Conversion of the natives begin around the settlement. The territories purchased by the Visconti lord are consolidated into the new vassal of Ionia, which combines with our already existing territory in the Ionian Islands. Several bimereiches begin construction in Trieste, Melilla, Corfu, and other ports,  to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. A garrison of soldiers is stationed on Corfu, which is designated as the capital of the territory. We continue to improve relations with our Italian neighbors to the south. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and other trade partners, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. We disapprove of the actions the nation of Venice has undertaken against our allies, and we secretly begin planning an attack if necessary. The formation and organization of the newly founded  kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine continues, proving to be a successful investment. 
  • Dai Viet: This turn is officially dedicated to military expansion. The nation of Dai Viet begins expanding its military to protect the nation against any foreign attack. The government begins an active role in equipping some units, using its funds to ensure that the entirety of the militia is equipped with pikes and swords. Crossbows also begin to be used in select units, who are trained to be most effective during cavalry charges and to provide support for our infantry. Government forces are called and put to the test securing our southern border, garrisoning in recently acquired territory. Alongside expanding ground forces, the government also sees to need to expand naval forces, a process that began several decades ago. Small ships capable of longer journeys are constructed in major port cities, and cities in the south along the coast are expanded to facilitate naval activity on par with our northern cities. Trade ships are attracted to our major ports from nearby nations. Facilities are upgraded to better facilitate trade. With several dozen small trade ships and warships under the command of the government vassals, and several ships under its personal command, the government orders a series of operations in the east waters of the nation, hoping to root out pirates and protect trade routes. As a test of our navy, our largest warships, equipped with cannons and other weapons, make several expeditions around the Biển Đông (South China Sea). Several more trade posts are established in the Philippines.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy has massively swelled with thanks to the creation of the Spanish confederation and the addition of Aragon's trade and military fleet at Castile's disposal. Castile, as leader of the Spanish confederation, begins a series of economic and military reforms on all the kingdoms in order to expand all the local economies and militaries and centralize the confederation's economies in general. Castile at this point has explored farther down Africa establishing multiple trade posts along the way and reaching a point where the sea rounds the continent. However, the failure of supplies has led to this exploration fleet having to turn back. Castile has begun the development of a series of new ships meant to replace some of the aging designs and add some new innovations. The Castilian navy begins to replace multiple ships with the new carracks as some of the largest ships in the Castile fleet. The Castilian renaissance with the addition of Aragon's renaissance techniques has exploded significantly and with permission from the monarchy embroiled with organizing the Spanish confederacy and multiple projects the Renaissance has led to a mass amount of art and technological innovation being developed. Castile and its confederacy and vassals has now fully converted to the Western Church with the only exception being Cyprus due to its Orthodox roots and Orthodox leadership which prevents a total conversion. The Castilians begins to suffer issues within heavy trade cities of Gibraltar, and Seville as this disease begins killing many people. Castile regardless of the plague organizes a fleet of 12 ships to go through the canal for trade and exploratory purposes with multiple ships being filled to the brim with supplies and others with trade goods these ships make their first stop in Yemen. Three more unrelated ships push for mapping East Africa using the well established ports to do so pushing toward the Sanafah having much more supplies this time. The Kingdom of Granada is formally integrated into Castile with Ferdinand, now 16, taking more and more responsibility preparing to take the throne next year. King Ferdinand makes an appearance in Granada for his coronation as the King of Castile and Integrated Granada as well as a coronation of his kingship over Aragon fully. Castile expands its horizons on West African trade using a series of local trade posts outside of Oyos control to gain what it needs and prevent Castilian traders from being taken advantage of. With the disease over in Castile for the most part an estimated 700,000 people were killed with many of them being infants earning the plague the name "Infants Bane". However, population is made up significantly with the addition of nearly one million people integrated from Granada bringing Castile's proper population to nearly 7.7 million and slowly growing again thanks to birth rates recovering. Castile also begins a major army reform with multiple guns being remanufactured to be fired a bit faster and not require the stand to shoot from (even though it's still recommended.) Castile expands its trading post in the Cape of Good Hope to allow for more traders as well as housing some hired soldiers to defend from natives and prevent other people from setting up trade outposts. For the first time a ship is based from this trading post in South Africa giving them an escape route as well increased defenses. The "Assassins" take up residence as King Ferdinand's right hand man assassinating any influential Muslim leaders in Morocco to keep organization down, their performance is considered spectacular. Castile now with raw meterials coming in from the Kongo and lucrative spice trade coming in from India begins to look toward a more overseas type of economic and territorial expansion beginning to invest more into trade posts and other areas. This leads to an increased amount of traders starting to push toward expanding trade posts and resource exploitation out of areas like Morocco, and the Kongo. However, it's a more beneficial exploitation and hurting the workers among other issues are not undertaken to improve productivity. The men are paid a wage and are worked normal hours. Castile also begins to handle Typhus in a different way containing the disease with the effective quarantine techniques. The disease and its symptoms are for the first time catalogued. Castile occupies its new territories
    • Kingdom of Aragon: The relatively good treatment of Aragon by Castile and the fallacy of actions of the previous king in burning various areas and completely razing Aragon's capital city have forever earned the enmity and hate of most of the Aragonian people, many of which believed they could continue their lives under Castile in a better fashion, with greater access to Castile's vast diplomatic, trade and military power. This, along with common religion and semi-related language, has led to a nearly seamless transition into the personal union. Nobles have been appointed by Prince Carlos of Castile personally who has personally overseen the majority of the war in Aragon which with his expertise, charisma and swaying abilities has led to many supporting his decisions on either side. Carlos himself is appointed the transitional governor of Aragon in order to facilitate a much smoother transition. The Kingdom's navy previously seized is returned to people sympathetic to Castilians and the military navy in particular is given to a series of respected and well known Aragonians loyal to Castile. Aragon's assimilation into Castile cultural base begins due to many nobles now speaking Spanish (Castilian) which shows a notable effect of a few people especially merchants and some developing artisans which are currently able to speak the language proficiently. Aragonians spurred on by Prince Carlos to rebuild Zaragoza continue the work needed to rebuild the city and the various burned towns surrounding the city with the city being moderately repaired. For the time being, however, the capital of Aragon proper is migrated to Valencia. With Castilian assistance various infrastructural areas are rebuilt and the military is expanded to a token force of 5000. Along with this support the Aragonian economy recovers slowly with a slow but controlled influx of Castilian economic aid helping Aragon recover. The Aragonian Navy is allowed by Castile to move toward settlements in the Canaries down into Capo Verde, and according to Castilian trade agreements docks in Oyo for trade nearly doubling their previous range. This is pushed down further pushing underneath Oyo farther down the coast using Castilian trade posts to explore. The ruling magistrate over Aragon signs a landmark trade deal with Castile which allows for Aragon's usage of Castile's large amounts of trade posts down the coast of Africa. The Castilian Assassins Guild spreads to Aragon setting up shop and doing the work of King Ferdinand. However, they begin to take on a culture of their own.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: The King of Cyprus is now King Alexander of Cyprus. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller west to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing, also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. The Kingdom of Cyprus due to the recent issues in Castile reluctantly recognizes Carlos and his Regency for Prince Ferdinand. Cyprus itself with its fleet of nearly 100 ships begins to take after the Venetian example with trade and begins to put Cypriot merchant ships into state possession for trade in order to help with the kingdom's finances and heavy trade. This show immediate results as a relative increase in funding and attention to trade between Castile and her allies begins to improve the quality of trade. The Assassins Guild sets up in Cyprus looking to prevent issues in the kingdom with corruption and serving as their base into Muslim countries.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area. The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable number of Castilians settle the area. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom with many canals having been completed has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population reaches nearly 750,000 with Christianity becoming dominant in the area. Calne-Vicuna is finished and is opened as an center for Christianity in North Africa with a library said to rival old Alexandria's. The Moroccan Assassins Guild forms and spreads keeping the peace and killing the corrupt as well as making morocco much more peaceful for Castilian Rule
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. With the King also adopts the name John, in favor of the king who began these exploratory operations down the coast of Africa. The King also organized a band of Christian soldiers who help keep the peace who also begin to help with conversions to Christianity as a series of missionaries and high level priests from the Western Church have come on a ship hearing of many pagans and heretics to convert. The King makes multiple successful campaigns against various of the petty kings in Kongo killing two of them and leaving the third on the run. The Christianization of multiple areas is completed and multiple others are begun. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a moderate amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods if possible.
  • Caucasian Confederation: Armenia and Assyria expand their militaries; Georgia, Rani, and Amier-Kavkasia keep fighting in Azerbaijan; Georgia keeps integrating Amier-Kavkasia (4 turns left) and building Alexsaportu on the Persian Gulf (Four Turns left). [Very very busy this week, please forgive short turn].
  • Hungary and all its vassals and puppets and states in personal union work on expanding their armed forces. There is an increase in trading between them all, along with increased trading with Moscovy and thus allows economic growth. Road construction also continues as for greater trade, better infrastructure is needed. Hungary also focuses highly on building better naval ships and upgrading old ships as well as putting many obsolete ships into retirement.
  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. Relations with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continues to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc.
    • Kingdom of Sicily: The army continues the process of assimilation of Italian tactics that spread through the Mediterranean, promoting the use of early firearms. The economy of the island is mostly cereal crops. Thanks to Italian support the exploitation of olives and wine grapes continues. 
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continues. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies, is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy into one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy. 
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles. 
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom.
    • Vatican City: The Pope continues the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope, like his predecessor, condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The nephew of Pope Callistus III, Rodrigo Borgia continue his ascent in the Roman Curia.
    • Order of the Knights of Malta: The Grand Master of the Order Piero Raimondo Camelot, uses his fleet of ten ships to patrol the central Mediterranean, also helping needy Christians. Military elements are improved, and the economy is maintained by the Italian and Sicilian support.
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve.

1488

The Korean Commissioner of Registers for the island of Cheju shipwrecks on the southeast coast of China in Taizhou, Zhejiang. From then until July 12 he and his crew are hosted by Chinese military courier officers to travel along the Grand Canal of China, all the way to Beijing, and then finally back across the Yalu River into Korea. His written commentary on Chinese customs, foreign and domestic trade, and transport in places such as Hangzhou and Suzhou become valuable records of Ming era culture and commerce.

Joseph Rathborn establishes the Rathbornes Candles established in Dublin, and the company quickly grows to become a successful business.

The various Muslim and Animist tribes in Madagascar stage more open rebellion wreaking havoc on the Empire's finances and infrastructure.

In Ava the military and people finally sick of Bengali occupation rises up to challenge them and evict them from the country. Their forces number nearly 40,000 troops with only half of them actually being soldiers. (Forgot to write this one guys my bad.)

What of Batman? Spartian300 (talk) 09:38, April 30, 2014 (UTC)

No more Batman. BatmanlogonobackgroundBananananananana BAT-CRIMBatmanlogonobackground 12:43, April 30, 2014 (UTC)

Okay, aside from me ... BatmanlogonobackgroundBananananananana BAT-CRIMBatmanlogonobackground

Was that on Alfred's advice, "Bat-Crim"?

BTW, what's Beethoven's favorite fruit?         Centriflag   Tonight the foxes will hunt the hounds!  21:53, April 30, 2014 (UTC)

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers continue to explore the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, shipwrights continue to fuse and modify aspects of ships that are known to operate around the Atlantic and the Mediterranean in order to develop larger ocean-going ships.
  • In 'Ayutthaya, infrastructure projects continue. This also results in a boom in trade, spreading out throughout South-Eastern Asia, its effects reaching China in the North, Sanafah in the West, Australia to the South and Japan to the East. Gold pours into the kingdoms. More ships are built, partially for trade purposes, with our ships reaching as far as as Southern Africa, and with planned expeditions even moving over the Cape of Good Hope. We establish trade posts throughout India and Southern Asia. Relations between religions continue to be excellent, with the Buddhist majority welcoming the smaller Hindu and Muslim minorities. We continue to influence Aru, helping them stabilize their state. We sign trade treaties with them, and are hoping for vassalization treaties by 1490. Trade continues to flow through Sukhothai to China. Work continues on the Spire of Indaraja - the H̄xkhxy h̄æ̀ng Indraja - in the city of Ayutthaya. A massive monument, it is a spire reaching almost 100 feet tall, expected to be finished in 1500. Made mostly out of white marble and gold inlay, this is accompanied by a massive renovation project reaching throughout the cities of Ayutthaya, building new roads, new walls and new houses throughout the nation. We allow Dutch traders to trade - with many restrictions - in Ayutthayan cities. The King also orders a day of celebration to mark the day of Indaraja's death. Another few ships cross the Cape of Good Hope, but, finding it far less rich than India, China and Arabia, it is decided to abandon it and confine our trade to Asia and Eastern Africa. We thank Alexandria for agreeing to our treaty. King Chairacha has a baby boy, and a day of celebration is pronounced through the Kingdom. More ships land in the Marriwuyanga Empire. We form a military pact with Bengal. The Golden Army continues to train, along with hundreds of other militias and armies. All vassals expand their economies. Thanks to our access to the Philidelphi, we make contact with the Romans, and offer trade treaties. We promise our ally, Bengal, troops to aid with their uprising, sending them through Sukhothai.
    • ​Oman Dip: We agree and allow you to set up a trade post near Muscat as you wish.
  • Netherlands: With the rapid expansion of Dutch access to trading in the east Dutch merchants begin traveling farther east looking to trade at a greater extent in the East Indies as Dutch traders are saying. The Dutch government sends gifts of ivory, gold, European metal work and art, along with other unique things to the courts the Siamese, Bengal and Mughal. Along with the smaller states in the region such as the weak Sunda who formal trade relations are requested with (can a mod respond to this please), and the Minor Indian States. The great riches and wonders of the east inspire new works of art and literature back home in the Netherlands, many of these inspiring further travels east. The new art movement styled Orientalism picks up rapidly amongst the upper class and it comes into fashion amongst the upper to possess these pieces of art or even better the exotic works of the east itself. New studies in the acedemic circles of Amsterdam and Brussels sprout almost overnight to try to learn about these unique cultures. Naval expansion continues as does military expansion. Economic expansion continues as trading with the east and the decline of Venice support a boom for the Dutch and Wallon merchants. The Bank of Holland continues its aggresssive campaign to buy out the declining Roscol Bank in parts of Europe while Dutch traders continue to expand their own influence in areas previously dominated by Venetian traders.
    • Mod Response: They accept.
  • The Con tribe: Hunts for elephants, taking their tusks and feeding the tribe. The amount of grain grown near the Kunene doesn't increase much from the previous year, and the elephant meat was considered a feast. However, the tribe isn't starving, and there is a certain surplus of food. The land which the tribes occupies being stable, Mon decides it's time to start advancing again and moves 50 sq km northward on the Kunene river. Mon presents a gift of two ivory tusks to Castile. Mon asks for the good education of three of his sons, Ma-n!o, Debarubo, and Mon II. He offers another ivory tusk for their upkeep and well being.
  • Castile dip: We agree.
  • Prussia: The Prussians begin to develop their military. The Prussians continue to build their new navy.
    • Courland: The Curonians also continue developing their military.
    • Ossel-Wiek: Ossel-Wiek also continues developing their military. Duke Franz continues to reshape the face of Arenburg.
  • Millawalke Kingdom of Yemen We decline the offers from Somaliland as we recruit 1200 men into our army. 625 of them are archers, while the rest are swordmen. We start building a mosque for the people of our kingdom. We hunted three elephants and domesticated 20 camels. We ask for a trade pact with the states of Hesse and Oman. We ask Oman of they would like to create a defense and trade pact with us, as we would fulfill our conquest of the Arabian peninsula.
  • With Venice crumbling, Pskov takes the opportunity to try to purchase some of their trade vessles to further improve both their war and merchant fleets. several private citizens decide to buy Venetian made ships to further their own riches independently of the central government. Pskov sends an emissary to Venice to try to help them along by giving them either a loan or purchasing some of their ships, and maybe land as well (including Venetian Morocco). Pskov, meanwhile, improves its relations at home and hipes that other things. The Pskovian Treasury Bank begins to buy out declining branches of Roskol Bank, making them subsidiaries, and this happens throughout the Baltic, where Roscol Bank has its roots, gaining Pskov more money through the banks. The economy prospers and the journals of Aleksandr Zaytsev begin to become so popular, that the Veche begins to demand that another expedition, this time a larger one, be sent on the silk road to tell Pskov more tails and get more exotic spices from the far east. For the purpose of this expedition, the State treasury buys many Pskovian goods, mead, fur coats, vodka, jewelery, swords, etc, and given 1000 zolotniks for the journey. With them is an emissary who is sent to try to establish relations and perhaps get a peek into the gargantuan ships we heard about. They are also told to get interpreters, and possibly bring back scholars for an exchange with the University of Pskov, which has already started recruiting volunteers, but gives no guarnatee that this exchange will happen. The Unviersity grows as the faculty of Mathematics opens and  many departments are created as subdivisions of the faculties( alchemy and philosophy, and natural studies being "departments" of the Pskov Academy) as many of Russia's wealthy flock to Pskov as a center of philosophical wonder and to get educated at the unversity. An emissary is sent to Albion to discuss a possible exchange of scholars with Oxford and Cambridge Unviersity, who are asked if they would send professors to teach courses in Latin, and Pskov will do the same, as Pskov recognizes that Latin is a language universally known by the educated in Europe, even being an obligatory class to take in the university and Pskov academies. The renaissance continues in full swing, with artists beginning to experiment with new styles, and trying to represent the real world more realistically, in three dimensions, and possibly to have done personal portraits as being as real-to-life as possible. In any case, the economy improves tremendously, and Muscovy has nearly repaid all of its debts, with Pskov profiting greatly.
    • Albion Diplomacy: Albion would be delighted to have this exchange of knowledge and feels it would go a long way to building understanding and co-operation with Pskov.
  • The Kingdoms of Great Albion (Scotland and England) - member nation of the UKGA: The Navy is expanded further with the integration of the Scottish and Breton fleets. The number now stands at 440 ships total. Port Edmundburg continues to experience a growth in population. Albionic settlers continue to explore the surrounding areas. The Albionic Royal Navy begins better mapping Africa for the Crown. After decades of cultural merging, a new, Celto-Germanic culture finally begins to take firmer root. The English language has grown in official use and now royal documents, previously in Latin, are now translated into English. Troops that fought in the Pan-Hispania Wars return home and facilitate a minor baby boom. These experienced soldiers now train the army and navy commanders in advanced battle tactics. All ships passing through the channel are monitored for any signs of infection. The new dialect of English found in Eire has spread to Wales and Scotland. English nobles begin to enjoy the Celtic myths of Eire and Scotland. Port Edmundburg is declared a crown colony (OTL Sierra Leone) after decades as a profitable trade outpost. Expansion is planned next year to accommodate the growing population. A new city in the south of England begins to grow. The city's name is Gotham. The Templar Order continues to undercut the King's enemies and seeks ways to privately grow the power of the King and Albion as a whole. Albion begins spending money in mapping parts of the Atlantic, spurred on by great myths of a land far to the west (note: I am merely setting Albion up for colonizing). The Order buys up many smaller businesses and collectivizes some farms. The Order begins to expand into other areas of Europe, seeking to grow understanding as well as pushing Albionic ideals. The Order begins to (secretly) spend tonnes of pounds to influence Papal decisions as well as undermining Venetian banks to further expand the influence of Albion.
    • Brittany: Brittany is officially placed under Albionic influence. The military and navy are expanded.
    • Calais: Military and navy are expanded.
    • Dublin: Dublin undergoes another remodel and expansion to the ports due to the massive influx of trade from Castile and Venice as well as an increased Eire trade.
    • Scotland: Expands navy and military. Pan Albion sentiments grow, Trade increases.
    • Wales: The Templar Order assassinates a rebel leader attempting to disrupt the peace and stability brought by Albion (Secret). In the meanitme, Welsh leaders ratify several new acts designed to modernise the armed services (navy and army). Ports are expanded,
  • Hamburg-Mecklenburg: The economy grows, despite the burdensome taxes by the Scandinavians. Exploration of the African coast continues, while the HTSC makes rounding Africa a priority. Hamburg also sends an expedition through the Philadelphi Canal with the intent on reaching the Indian states. In the military, wheellocks continue to flow into the army, proving superior to the arquebus. With the Roscol Bank failing, the Bank of Hamburg buys up most of the remaining branches, and takes up most of their loans, those there are still records of. The Hamburg mark becomes more popular, and use of the ducat drops significantly.
    • Magdeburg: Military expanded.
  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. Relations with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The naval academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continues to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc.
    • Kingdom of Sicily: The army continues the process of assimilation of Italian tactics that spread through the Mediterranean, promoting the use of early firearms. The economy of the island is mostly cereal crops. Thanks to Italian support the exploitation of olives and wine grapes continues. 
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continues. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies, is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy into one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy. 
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles. 
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom.
    • Vatican City: The Pope continues the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope, like his predecessor, condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The nephew of Pope Callistus III, Rodrigo Borgia continues his ascent in the Roman Curia.
    • Order of the Knights of Malta: The Grand Master of the Order Piero Raimondo Camelot, uses his fleet of ten ships to patrol the central Mediterranean, also helping needy Christians. Military elements are improved, and the economy is maintained by the Italian and Sicilian support.
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve.
  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The disease continues killing many. The king attempts to avoid such an event but it fails only spreading it harder in regions of Basel, Lorraine and Burgundy - as well as in Sardinia where it kills hundreds without any seeming cause. The death toll reaches a half million since the start and many corpses accumulate throughout the domains, impelling the need for a better way to avoid the kingdom and bringing many to doubt the king's might on the French monarchic lands. This is even more acute in regions like Sardinia far from the central government. La Marche vassalage begins. The vassalage of Limoges finished last turn. While this, Nevers vassalage begins as well.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up. Economy expands. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Albret: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Nemour: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Guyenne: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region. Some begin to question the king of France's choices and begin wondering about establishing their own state.
    • Basel: Military and economy are built up. The infection rages on killing many in the region.
    • Aargau: Military and economy are built up. The French presence begins to be felt. However, the attempts to establish a pro-Germanic government in order to avoid eventual uprisings, internal vassalization begins as well to fully convince German leadership.
    • Foix: Military and economy are built up.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. The native population drops to 450,000 (from around 750,000 in the region) due mostly to the plague and the war. French nobles begin to arrive due to the relative power void. While this, the French navy begins docking in Tunis, soon renamed Carthage.
  • Mayan Empire: Young virgins start to arrive for the God Emperor, and many become his concubines. The military is continuing to improve, and we expand by 20 px miles south.
  • County of Oldenburg: The military is built up. Army numbers increase a little, and a new ship is added to the navy.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: Bishop Rudolf's plan for the nationalisation of town land is released, and are met with immediate anger and opposition. Many town councils openly dismiss the Bishop's plans. Prominent Burgers organise protest marches, some of which soon turn into mobs, wreaking havoc. Rudolf calls up the militia to deal with what he terms as "revolts", and the Order of the Seraphim also takes a prominent part in restoring order. Needless to say, the military is built up. 
  • Jinazhou Jurchens: Kengshi continues integration of all clans into one central government. Then he begins to move into the disorganized wild jurchens. In home we begin to build up our cities, as nomadic life slowly begins to become unpopular. Kengshi hopes for this to modernize and keep the nation on par with its neighbors. A palace in the center of the state begins construction.
    • Fusahito Dip: Architects are sent to aid the Jurchens in their construction efforts. At the same time, the Emperor's court sends priests to the Jurchen government, attempting to interest them in taking on the Shinto religion.
  • Scandinavian Empire: The infrastructure is expanded by the Scandinavian Empire as more roads are built through the Empire. Stockholm and Copenhagen see growth this year. The Scandinavian Empire expands its powerful navy as it explores the coast of Greenland. The Nordic nation expresses its wishes to make amends with Prussia and Novgorod, Queen Elsa stating that the Scandinavian Empire is not the UNC. Trade routes with Novgorod and Prussia are offered.
    • ​God damn right. You've defiled the UNC. "Queen Elsa", indeed. 
  • Rumania: Mircea II, now 31, continues to work on improving the economy. Iron, salt, and coal mines dot the landscape. Coal begins to become a major resource produced. These mines provide the resources required by the foundries and traders on the coast. The Danube becomes a highway of commerce, hundreds of barges travel up and down its length transporting people, materials, goods, and ideas. The printing press continues to spread across Rumania. As much as 8% of the nation has reached basic literacy, and the Moralists promote education of commoners by priests, in order to give everyone the opportunity to read the Bible.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: The economy continues to grow. The printing press spreads south into Bulgaria just as in Rumania. Ties with Rumania are strengthened.
  • Ethiopia: We build up our military and navy. The navy builds more ships for trade. Many churches are still continuing to be built. We use the Nile river to trade with our allies Alexandria. Agriculture is our biggest industry in the country besides trade. We expand our nation's southern borders 15 px south. The wall and outposts around the capital city are still in the process of being built. Our nation expands our northern borders 15 px north into the disorganized territory. In Nubia, our missionaries influence the people in the Ethiopian Orthodox way. We expand our eastern border 15 px east. The reason for going east is to get to the Indian Ocean and to get coastal lands. Due to a population boom, farmers grow more food for our hungry citizens. The king continues the build of great castle of Ethiopia. Trade ships sail to Arabia to trade with them and expand our influence to them. The king ask Yemen if we can buy some land from you. (need mods response) We set up port cities on Yemen.
    • I said no, scar.
    • First of all, you can't set up port cities without permission, and now that Saturn joined I'm betting you he won't let you anyway.
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of them. We buy more books from China. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We begin building up our military and create even tougher practices. We slowly expands toward the OTL Kamchatka peninsula slowly.
    • Oirat D: We ask Chagatai, Golden Horde and Baikal Jurchens to form the Great Northern Alliance with us.
  • ​Fusahito Theocracy: Archiects and builders outside the capital continue to work on the mausoleum for the Emperor's dead wife. However, the demand for marble to create the wonder is greater than supply, causing the work to slow. The Hatekayama state (under personal union with the Emperor) is declared the Hatekayama Province, with the same rights as the Date Province. The city of Sendai is founded in the Date province as a regional seat of power for the governor. Sendai is planned out to be a model city, based on a grid layout around an impressive square in the centre, meant to rival Kyoto in its standing and to become a symbol of theocratic strength. The jobs and demand for raw materials that this creates boosts the local economy and the province becomes a hive of activity, with artisans and craftsmen vying to take the lucrative jobs.
  • China: Continues integrating the annexed lands of Inner Mongolia and the process of taming the horse lords of the north. To the south, relations with the Tran Dynasty in Vietnam are improved while Lao Xing and the Khmer Empire expand their economies by exporting silk and dried tea into South East Asia. China continues aggressively asserting pressure on the remaining Taiwanese states to join Tainan in a unifed nation. Tainan expands through the mountains of Taiwan filling out the remaining unoccupied areas. Xitun capitulates to Tainanese and Chinese pressure as the immense treasure fleet sails into its territorial waters in a threatening manner and it is annexed into Tainan. The pressure amps up on Hualian. The Haixi Jurchens and Mongol Khanate work with Korea to develop their economies and trade network which is based on exporting horses and minerals to China and Southern Asia. The Chinese lands in Japan work on integration and stability whilst China itself develops its shipyards with naval engineers planning to build ships that are smaller and more maneuverable. The court eunuchs of China continue to iron out their plans. Lanxhou's economy is bolstered and there is talk within the imperial circles of establishing it as a secondary capital much like Yan (Beijing).
  • Kingdom of Gwalior: The invitation to Dhundar had been sent to form a dynastic union with Gwalior. (Mod, Please). The rich fertile lands of Dhundar as well as the iron clad lands of Gwalior would've indeed worked perfectly with each other. Dhundar had been offered access to the artillery and gunpowder-based weaponry which had been quite rare in India and the chance of having its infrastructure developed to the top standards as well as protection by Gwalior. Gwalior had already started trading heavily with Dhundar and started granting interest free loans to allow Dhundar to construct even more schools since Gwalior wanted to gain support from Dhundar's people as well. Development of gunpowder based weaponry continued as there was a need to protect Gwalior from invaders. The population had risen to 205,000 and the army had a total of 8000 troops (2000 GDF and 6000 GOF). Raja Vikram had been particularly proud of his army and granted the soldiers a high status amongst the rest of the citizens. The construction of the largest worship place, The Golden Temple of Gwalior continued as Raja Vikram brought thousands of architects from various parts of India. (Year Four of 20). Trade with the states of Gondwana and Bastar had started and Raja Vikram offered their people a chance to work in the iron mines at Gwalior for daily wages. The children of the families that were willing to work at Gwalior had houses constructed for them. Gwalior invested heavily in both states and often offered low interest loans. An envoy was sent to the Sultanate of Bengal informing the Sultan that Raja Vikram wanted to apologize if he had created any problems for the Indian League. Raja Vikram of The House of Talang (AKA Gwaliori Royal Family) along with Prince Vakrin, Rakush and Rani Dolmi arrived at Kabul whilst being escorted by the Royal guards. A long discussion with the Mughal Emperor Mirza took place with topics ranging from import/export of gunpowder weaponry, spices, iron ore, gold, wheat, fruits, etc. Raja Vikram expressed his desire to construct a road from Gwalior, through Dhundar into Mughal territory for faster and easier trade. Raja Vikram also requested the Mughals if it were possible for Gwalior to construct a port city near the Gulf of Oman at OTL Karachi West in order to trade with Iran as well as Oman. The port city although used by Gwalior to export and import materials, would be part of the Mughal Empire who would retain their sovereignty over it and would be able to deploy troops, examine imported materials as well as arrest any person who violates Mughal law.
    • Mughal Empire: The construction of the city will be approved, although primarily Gwalior-funded. Emperor Mirza also mentions the Alexandrian port, which could help extend Gwalior's trade toward the west.
    • Alexandria Dip: The traders in Alexandria would like to discuss a potential trade agreement with Gwalior. We would be interested in sharing some of our enclave with Gwalior depending on investments.  OOC: also Karachi is an Alexandrian port and trade enclave.
    • WOAH! THAT POPULATION INCREASE! NOT POSSIBLE! MODS! Also, YOU ARE LANDLOCKED. How you be trading with dem Alexandrians?
  • Mughal Empire: Trade flourishes due to new agreements with Gwalior and Mirza requests further technology being imported through his Alexandrian trade partners. The Emperor wishes to improve the Mughal Empire technologically so he continues funding the development of both weaponry and other types of technology. The economy improves.
  • Mapuche:  The desire to see the Mapuche as a unified nation rather than a collection of affiliated villages continues to grow. Some village elders begin to support the idea, and many younger citizens dream of the potential that the Mapuche civilization could one day reach.  There are 41,792 Mapuche.
  • Oyo Empire: Oyo continues its expansion of the navy, seeking to expand the navy as much as possible. Taking a count of the ships in use by Oyo, there are a total of thirty-one nlanla and fifty-seven yanyan, for a total of eighty-eight ships in the Imperial Oyo Navy. Given that most serve in a trade role rather than a military one, it can be said that only about twenty-five are serving in an armed role while the rest trade with Europe, the Middle East and India. An additional ten yanyan and four nlanla have been ordered by the government, and the shipyards in Lagos, Accra and Calabar begin their work. The military of Oyo is re-organized by the government to better prepare for new forms of warfare. Seeing the need to better compete with the European nations it is rapidly catching up with, Oyo's leaders have seen fit to prepare the ground for Oyo to join the league of "Western" nations, whom it wishes to join in the future. Elsewhere, and Oyo inventor designs the parachute, showcasing it to friends and family as a potential way to slow a man or object's descend to the ground through the use of air currents pushing the parachute up. He add the concept to his journal, the first of many concepts he shall come up with. Oyo expands its military, economy, and infrastructure, and increases its number of cannon in light of the Asaaju's command for a militarized navy. A trade delegation is sent to the Far East to set up a trade post in the region to permit Oyo ships greater range in their trading missions.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite does its job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. We continue to help finance the Plutocratic State of Jaunpur, Delhi Sultanate and Bahamani Sultanate by sending gifts directly to the nobles/sultans, offering loans from powerful trade bankers, and decreasing the trade taxes over all of Bengal, allowing more of our merchant goods to travel into those states. We also raise a portion of the Sultan's personal levy and then divide it out to be sent to the states leaders, so that they can do with them what they wish in order to maintain order in their nation. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase in scholars and literacy in our nation. Due to the removal of trade barriers among a majority of states in the Indian League, their merchants and ours begin to travel with increased mobility and goods, thereby increasing the trade income and output in the agreeing nations. With the plague being considered a far less threat now than it previously was, restrictions on trade and laws on inheritance/assests are changed to pre-plague laws. Due to the return to a high volume of trade after managing to work with a far smaller volume during the plague, investments by landed elites into expansion of their plantations, mines and levies increase exponentially. The Bengali levies and mercenaries go to meet the Avanese army on the field of battle (algo to come). League proposal coming soon. The Sultan, Sultan-i-Salais II passes away and his twenty-nine year old son comes to power as Sultan-i-Bharate-Naiki.
    • '​Emirate of Andamana:' Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure.
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslim settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems.
  • Eire: Following the formation of Eire, the Norman Rebellions and years of consolidation of power by the king, the feudal system, much more recently established in Eire than the rest of Europe, finally breaks down. The dukes of the five provinces of Eire are all dead, their lands held by the king, and the old heads of clans are now country gentlemen living out their lives on the edge of the newly-established towns, the only thing of note is them holding a place in the King's Clan Assembly, styled after the English House of Lords. Nationalism is beginning to supplant feudalism. The people of Eire, who have loved the king and his policies for the advancement of the common folk begin to think of themselves as Eirics, with their own nation and church rather than O'Brians, O'Kennedies, or members of another clan. The old clan system finally breaks down, and in its place is a modern European nation with its eyes to the future. Indeed it was symbolic that in 1486, the old king, Eamon died in his sleep, a hero that matched, and even surpassed his father in places. His son, Tomas II, rises to the throne. Tomas, a bookish fellow who has his nose in tales about old Eire, and Albion has developed a sense of history that makes him into an effective ruler, that uses lessons from the past often. His first edict is to maintain the roads that brought Eire together with a civilian guard. These reforms make the roads safer for trade, and as a result, trade on the island blossoms. The middle class, having grown over the past 85 years until it has made a sizable part of the population. Fledgling merchant guilds begin to spring up, especially after the complete fall of feudalism. We add the recently acquired cannons to our military and begin to use early gunpowder weapons, as gunpowder has been used amongst the populace for a certain amount of time and it is quite easy to acquire. Levies are trained in the use of gunpowder weapons, though we outlaw the unsanctioned creation of it to prevent bombs from being created by the populace. Rumors reach us of the Oldenburger colony in a remote land of ice, and we commission an expedition led by former trader Eoghan O'Briain to see if there are any truth to the rumors. We discover Oldenburg's colony, and it prompts an era of exploration and new interest in the tales of "St. Brendan's Land" and "Hy-Brasil". The King, being no stranger to those legends himself, begins to comission expeditions into the Atlantic, with the old hulks being made smaller and sleeker.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy has massively swelled with thanks to the creation of the Spanish confederation and the addition of Aragon's trade and military fleet at Castile's disposal. Castile, as leader of the Spanish confederation, begins a series of economic and military reforms on all the kingdoms in order to expand all the local economies and militaries and centralize the confederation's economies in general. Castile at this point has explored farther down Africa establishing multiple trade posts along the way and reaching a point where the sea rounds the continent. However, the failure of supplies has led to this exploration fleet having to turn back. Castile has begun the development of a series of new ships meant to replace some of the aging designs and add some new innovations. The Castilian navy begins to replace multiple ships with the new carracks as some of the largest ships in the Castile fleet. The Castilian renaissance with the addition of Aragon's renaissance techniques has exploded significantly and with permission from the monarchy embroiled with organizing the Spanish confederacy and multiple projects the Renaissance has led to a mass amount of art and technological innovation being developed. Castile and its confederacy and vassals has now fully converted to the Western Church with the only exception being Cyprus due to its Orthodox roots and Orthodox leadership which prevents a total conversion. The Castilians begins to suffer issues within heavy trade cities of Gibraltar, and Seville as this disease begins killing many people. Castile regardless of the plague organizes a fleet of 12 ships to go through the canal for trade and exploratory purposes with multiple ships being filled to the brim with supplies and others with trade goods these ships make their first stop in Yemen. Three more unrelated ships push for mapping East Africa using the well established ports to do so pushing toward the Sanafah having much more supplies this time. The Kingdom of Granada is formally integrated into Castile with Ferdinand, now 16, taking more and more responsibility preparing to take the throne next year. King Ferdinand makes an appearance in Granada for his coronation as the King of Castile and Integrated Granada as well as a coronation of his kingship over Aragon fully. Castile expands its horizons on West African trade using a series of local trade posts outside of Oyos control to gain what it needs and prevent Castilian traders from being taken advantage of. With the disease over in Castile for the most part an estimated 700,000 people were killed with many of them being infants earning the plague the name "Infants Bane". However, population is made up significantly with the addition of nearly one million people integrated from Granada bringing Castile's proper population to nearly 7.7 million and slowly growing again thanks to birth rates recovering. Castile also begins a major army reform with multiple guns being remanufactured to be fired a bit faster and not require the stand to shoot from (even though it's still recommended.) Castile expands its trading post in the Cape of Good Hope to allow for more traders as well as housing some hired soldiers to defend from natives and prevent other people from setting up trade outposts. For the first time a ship is based from this trading post in South Africa giving them an escape route as well increased defenses. The "Assassins" take up residence as King Ferdinand's right hand man assassinating any influential Muslim leaders in Morocco to keep organization down, their performance is considered spectacular. Castile now with raw meterials coming in from the Kongo and lucrative spice trade coming in from India begins to look toward a more overseas type of economic and territorial expansion beginning to invest more into trade posts and other areas. This leads to an increased amount of traders starting to push toward expanding trade posts and resource exploitation out of areas like Morocco, and the Kongo. However, it's a more beneficial exploitation and hurting the workers among other issues are not undertaken to improve productivity. The men are paid a wage and are worked normal hours. Castile also begins to handle typhus in a different way containing the disease with the effective quarantine techniques. The disease and its symptoms are for the first time catalogued. Castile occupies its new territories
    • Kingdom of Aragon: The relatively good treatment of Aragon by Castile and the fallacy of actions of the previous king in burning various areas and completely razing Aragon's capital city have forever earned the enmity and hate of most of the Aragonian people, many of which believed they could continue their lives under Castile in a better fashion, with greater access to Castile's vast diplomatic, trade and military power. This, along with common religion and semi-related language, has led to a nearly seamless transition into the personal union. Nobles have been appointed by Prince Carlos of Castile personally who has personally overseen the majority of the war in Aragon which with his expertise, charisma and swaying abilities has led to many supporting his decisions on either side. Carlos himself is appointed the transitional governor of Aragon in order to facilitate a much smoother transition. The Kingdom's navy previously seized is returned to people sympathetic to Castilians and the military navy in particular is given to a series of respected and well known Aragonians loyal to Castile. Aragon's assimilation into Castile cultural base begins due to many nobles now speaking Spanish (Castilian) which shows a notable effect of a few people especially merchants and some developing artisans which are currently able to speak the language proficiently. Aragonians spurred on by Prince Carlos to rebuild Zaragoza continue the work needed to rebuild the city and the various burned towns surrounding the city with the city being moderately repaired. For the time being, however, the capital of Aragon proper is migrated to Valencia. With Castilian assistance various infrastructural areas are rebuilt and the military is expanded to a token force of 5000. Along with this support the Aragonian economy recovers slowly with a slow but controlled influx of Castilian economic aid helping Aragon recover. The Aragonian Navy is allowed by Castile to move toward settlements in the Canaries down into Capo Verde, and according to Castilian trade agreements docks in Oyo for trade nearly doubling their previous range. This is pushed down further pushing underneath Oyo farther down the coast using Castilian trade posts to explore. The ruling magistrate over Aragon signs a landmark trade deal with Castile which allows for Aragon's usage of Castile's large amounts of trade posts down the coast of Africa. The Castilian Assassins Guild spreads to Aragon setting up shop and doing the work of King Ferdinand. However, they begin to take on a culture of their own.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: The King of Cyprus is now King Alexander of Cyprus. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller west to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing, also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. The Kingdom of Cyprus due to the recent issues in Castile reluctantly recognizes Carlos and his Regency for Prince Ferdinand. Cyprus itself with its fleet of nearly 100 ships begins to take after the Venetian example with trade and begins to put Cypriot merchant ships into state possession for trade in order to help with the kingdom's finances and heavy trade. This show immediate results as a relative increase in funding and attention to trade between Castile and her allies begins to improve the quality of trade. The Assassins Guild sets up in Cyprus looking to prevent issues in the kingdom with corruption and serving as their base into Muslim countries.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area. The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable number of Castilians settle the area. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom with many canals having been completed has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population reaches nearly 750,000 with Christianity becoming dominant in the area. Calne-Vicuna is finished and is opened as an center for Christianity in North Africa with a library said to rival old Alexandria's. The Moroccan Assassins Guild forms and spreads keeping the peace and killing the corrupt as well as making morocco much more peaceful for Castilian Rule
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. With the King also adopts the name John, in favor of the king who began these exploratory operations down the coast of Africa. The King also organized a band of Christian soldiers who help keep the peace who also begin to help with conversions to Christianity as a series of missionaries and high level priests from the Western Church have come on a ship hearing of many pagans and heretics to convert. The King makes multiple successful campaigns against various of the petty kings in Kongo killing two of them and leaving the third on the run. The Christianization of multiple areas is completed and multiple others are begun. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a moderate amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods if possible.
  • Caucasian Confederation: All states expand their economies. Georgia, Rani and Amier-Kavkasia offer peace to Azerbaijan [proposal to come, but it will be exactly the amount of land I win in the algo]; Georgia keeps integrating Amier-Kavkasia (Two turns left) and building Alexsaportu on the Persian Gulf (Two turns left). [Turns will be lengthy again on Saturday, my sincerest apologies for the lack of effort].
  • Cuzco: Cuzco continues to make gains in their struggle against the Ica-Nazca. The King dies on the battlefield, leaving no clear successor. His two younger brothers co-operate to continue the war. The progress of the war remains minimal. However, Cuzco's superior numbers have allowed us to outflank the Nazca in many battles. Population hits 255,000
    • Qullasuyu: Ethnic purging of the Aymaras continues. We continue to send aid to Cuzco.
  • Austria: This turn in both our nation and in all our vassals is dedicated to military. We train and expand our military using new experiences from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port. To respond to dangers in the area, and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren.  With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Abrechtburg has grown to a decently sized settlement, supporting a population of farmers, traders, and a small garrison of soldiers. The town also houses a well furbished fort, armed with a small amount of cannons intended to defend the settlement and the harbor from any attack. Built out of necessity, the port at Abrechtburg is refurbished and expanded to support more trade ships, and allied countries are welcomed to trade and stay in the town. The second largest settlement in Westenland, Dominusburg, follows suit, beginning construction of a port similar to Abrechtburg ‘s. Trade posts continue to be built and exploited, now numbering several dozen along the coast of Westenland and into allied territory. Our reliance on the Wolof becomes less so, but we sign a trade agreement with their nation to continue our positive relationship.  Deals are made with the Wolof for slaves and other goods. Conversion of the natives begin around the settlement. The territories purchased by the Visconti lord are consolidated into the new vassal of Ionia, which combines with our already existing territory in the Ionian Islands. Several bimereiches begin construction in Trieste, Melilla, Corfu, and other ports,  to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and other trade partners, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. We disapprove of the actions the nation of Venice has undertaken against our allies, and we secretly begin planning an attack if necessary. The formation and organization of the newly founded  kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine continues, proving to be a successful investment. Jeannetto de Tassis is appointed Chief Master of Postal Services in Innsbruck, and postal system created in that area is expanded. 
  • Zapotec: Tlaco II expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco II orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Trade with the Aztecs commences after years of stagnation under Tlaco I. Trade continues with the Aztec break-away states.
  • Alexandria: Trade continues to increase as the ports are re-established. More people are converted to Coptic Christianity due to the See of Saint Mark's presence, including those of the True Faith. Many Muslims reconsider their faith seeing the prosperity that Christians live in. Resources are sent to Aiguptia to maintain and protect the canal as that process continues and workers are encouraged to go seek out this opportunity. The economy picks up again as trade expands to SE Asia. Christians in North African nations are invited to immigrate to Alexandria. Missionaries and dignitaries remain in the Nubia region hoping to convert and influence some of the Nile cities (Turn Seventeen). The land acquired from Yemen by the Red Sea continues to see a port town established for sailors and merchants to rest before going into the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean, there is a medium increase in population as more people look to get into the trade business and travel from Castile requires a stop for their sailors. In the province of Judea soldiers are to protect both Christian, Islamic and Jewish pilgrimages. Taxes are not like those in Alexandria where they favor Christians, but rather equal for all three of these religions. Small amounts of conversions take place mainly converting Christians and Muslims to Coptic Christianity. The region of Egypt completes consolidation into the kingdom and divided into provinces. Alexandria sends in troops to the south to keep the region calm and free revolt. Missionaries are also sent in to do some potentially forceful conversions.  Alexandria works extensively on its navy as it wishes to further explore the deepest reaches of the Great Eastern Sea (OTL Indian Ocean). An Alexandria expedition makes it to Dia Viet with the noble who negotiated the Treaty of Karachi. OTL Goa and Karachi continue to become a massive destination for Alexandrian trades and relationships continued to be established. The state owned Great Eastern Sea Trade Company gets more backing by King Grigorios himself and a group of nobles and merchants. They continue establish a trade post and presence here. Grigorios begins plans of a reconstructed lighthouse on the cite of the citadel. Relations are established with the nation Vijaynagar, an we establish more posts along the coast, especially at Goa. Mil Turn.  Troops are trained  Kafta continues interest in Ethiopian culture and even goes on a tour of the nation. Kafta and Kyricos become bolder and are taught to rule. The Academy for Young Men at Alexandria opens up at the Kings request to further their education as well as other nobles, christians, and other gifted students (including Jews and Muslims). An enclave at OTL Port Sudan begins to form due to trade. Immigration increases to the trade enclaves in Alexander's Strait and the Somali enclaves. We offer to purchase one-fifth of Venice's Merchant Fleet (MOD RESPONSE).  
    • Aiguptia: Continues to stabilize the nation. Engineers, cartographers and philosophers from all trade partners are offered jobs to work on expanding the Philadelphi Canal to take on present day cogs, treasure fleets and other ships. At many points ships can pass freely using two separate canals or wide manmade lakes. However, there are still flows to be worked out, and portions to be widened, although the work becomes minimal. Citizens and people in the surrounding regions and province are converted to Coptic Christianity. Missionaries continue to convert people, especially in Cairo. Cairo also attracts many in anticipation of the canal. The city at the crossing point of the canal OTL Zagazig, begins to be filled by merchants and people looking to get involved in the trade industry, but becomes known for poorer living conditions and being put at risk for the plague.  Missionaries and organizers are sent to Nubia region to assist in building a kingdom there. Mercenaries are raised to assist the Alexandrian merchants in their conflict for safe trade in order to maintain a presence on the former Somali land. Aiguptia trains is military and participates in war games. Developments in weapons and strategy (tactically) are made based on some of the nations and tribes that have come in contact with. Mil Turn.
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. Our turn is dedicated to military in both our nation and our vassals. We grow closer to Padua, having successfully liberated their city, and the hero of the liberation, Stephano the Brave, begins seeking a wife. Many begin to call for a possible counter attack into Venice to end their clashes with Milan once and for all, and possible plans are created.
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows, increasing our military capabilities in case of war. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. The recent classes of Koch ships are being manufactured in Novgorod. The town of St Patriksburg’s population grows a bit more that last year. As the construction of the town improves, the Kremlin finishes, trade becoming more in demand, the town gains slightly. Because of the trade road built with Tver our economy increases. After seeing a great success with the private schools in the cities of Novgorod, St Patriksburg, Staraya Russa, and Nizhny Novgorod. We start building another private school in Rostov and Yaroslavl. We complete building private schools in Torzhok and a private school in Staraya Ladoga. We dedicate this turn to military. We continue to establish ties with our allies Muscovy and Pskov. We offer to help Pskov develop this new type of koch, and engineers in Novgorod begin producing a model of their own. The new ship, constructed almost exclusively for sea-based travel will be thirty meters in length. The new ship will have three masts, and becomes known as a trikoch. We also begin producing shitiks that are fifteen to twenty meters in length for the purpose of transporting cargo.
    • Tver: We complete the construction of the private school in Tver and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Yaroslavl, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Yaroslavl: We complete the construction of the private school in Yaroslavl and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Rostov: We completed the construction of the private school in Rostov and start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Yaroslavl, Muscovy. We dedicate this turn to military.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to expand its trade, and the foundation of the EMTL helps to expand the influence of the Roman economy. The Empire's merchants begin to take over positions from their Venetian colleages as the Venetian economy dies down in influence. The Empire continues to work on the inventions of Carlo de Patra, and the hunting rifles become popular among the upper elite.
    • Albania: The military expands, and the matchlock weapons become more common in the army, as well as general cannons for city defense.
  • Trier: We dedicate this turn to military, as do our vassals. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne, and Austria and her vassals. To improve infrastructure we begin building several defenses, and roads to link towns across the nation. Fortifications around our capital are improved and updated. The University of Trier, founded more than a decade ago, is expanded.
  • Dai Viet: This turn is officially dedicated to economic expansion. The nation of Dai Viet begins expanding its military to protect the nation against any foreign attack. The government begins an active role in equipping some units, using its funds to ensure that the entirety of the militia is equipped with pikes and swords. Crossbows also begin to be used in select units, who are trained to be most effective during cavalry charges and to provide support for our infantry. Government forces are called and put to the test securing our southern border, garrisoning in recently acquired territory. Alongside expanding ground forces, the government also sees to need to expand naval forces, a process that began several decades ago. Small ships capable of longer journeys are constructed in major port cities, and cities in the south along the coast are expanded to facilitate naval activity on par with our northern cities. Trade ships are attracted to our major ports from nearby nations. Facilities are upgraded to better facilitate trade. With several dozen small trade ships and warships under the command of the government vassals, and several ships under its personal command, the government orders a series of operations in the east waters of the nation, hoping to root out pirates and protect trade routes. As a test of our navy, our largest warships, equipped with cannons and other weapons, make several expeditions around the Biển Đông (South China Sea). Several more trade posts are established in the Philippines.
  • In the Empire of Madagasikara, last year's calm is quickly proven to have been a false feeling of security as the war resumes in full force. King Andrés, recognizing the intense economic strain his nation is under asks Spain for some major assistance including military aid in exchange for exlcusive trade at all of our ports except Mahajanga for the next 50 years. Andrés works his own military intensively, as Soliary Canapastry pushes a majority of rebel Spiritists into Betsileo and most Muslims into the Merina region. Julio Marciano Gabriel, who is now growing older, clams down on his personal preaching but the missionary effort heats up as it becomes clear that a new Bishop of the Diocese of the Swahili Coast will be needed relatively soon. One man goes into rebel strongholds and makes some progress before he is murdered by self-proclaimed jihadists. This event creates need to wipe out the Muslim militants, and Canapastry prepares for an attack. The violence shown by a number of the rebelling Muslims has convinced many Assafi'ists to either turn to animism or Christianity but at the very least leave Islam. The economic situation grows bad, after a number years of civil war and internally destabilizing events hurt the nation's wealth. As such, trade is made even more important and cities like Mahajanga grow immensely wealthy while the inland regions stay relatively poor and focus on agricultural developments, such as new spices and the latest fascination - rice. Asimilation conversion, as developed by Gabriel, continues to be the main approach of the Church. Spiritism is considered dead as many leave it for the traditional animist faith or Christianity. Construction continues on the University of Mahajanga and the written history of Madagasikara. The Inquisition continues in the Comoros, aimed at targeting pro-Rahasan Muslims. Betsileo's rebellions pick back up as the animist population is relocated into camps in northern Betsileo by Canapastry. Some military attempts to disperse these rebels have relative success, but no major achievements are attained.
    • Toamisina continues to be prepared for integration by 1490 as most of its population has now converted to Christianity and uses Latinized Malagasy. In Sofala, expansion slows down considerably as the war drains all possible resources. Maputo continues to be impacted by the Malagasy culture and Christian faith, and expands ever so slowly to the north. The plan to assimilate Maputan natives by sending their first-borns to Madagasikara is relatively successful in its third year.
    • Castilian Dip: We accept this deal
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: The nation of Muscovy begins trading along routes routing through the nation of Novgorod and its vassals, and the nation of Pskov. Money collected through trade and taxation is saved this year in the Muscovite treasury in case of an emergency. Trade routes are established between the nations of Poland, Hungary, Rumania, and the Roman Empire, and we promote friendly relations with all these nations. We become closer to Novgorod through trade, relying on Novgorod for safe land routes into our northern territory. The second state of the Ukraine continues to be vassalized, as trade routes are established to the city of Odessa. In case of attack we expand our military, recruiting free levies from our cities to protect local regions of our nation. Pikes and crossbows become common equipment in some units after they begin to be produced locally to outfit local regiments. Bowmen continue to be an essential part of our military to provide support for melee units, with some gunpowder weaponry being used. In major cities Kremlins are upgraded and outfitted with modern equipment and dedicated garrisons to combat any threat or invasion. The largest Kremlin, located in Moscow, is especially upgraded, with new walls being added that are wider and can hold cannons. Italian architects are also invited to our courts to design certain aspects of the city. Settlement in the north is encouraged, bringing Christian and Russian traditions to the north of our territory and even into northern Siberia, a territory held by the Mongol hordes to the east. By this time much of the population of our northern territory is converted to Christianity, and the fear of Dmitri the Impaler convinces many to remain that way, preventing the spread of unwanted foreign ideals. We hope to improve relations with the Tartary for now, so that our nations can prevent fighting in the future. We continue the construction of the fortress of Dmitrigorod facing Narva. This turn is officially dedicated to military.
    • Lithuania: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Trade between Moscow, Prussia and other nations helps to amass wealth, which is partially used to finance infrastructural projects and military fortifications.
    • ... Pskov owns the land facing Narva, and already has a city near Narva, albeit at the mouth of the river, Nizhnigorodsk-na-Narve ...
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Grand Duchess Eleanor and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1488 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1488, Eleanor commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The market center in Landshut continues to attract Bavarian and Venetian traders. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Eleanor ends her predecessor's policies of advancing Sedevanticism in the government. As the new Grand Duchess, Eleanor continues to vet and interrogate most of the powerful nobles of Bavaria. To work more efficiently, she appoints Vallerio Volpe as her spymaster. By the end of the year, Eleanor hosts a more developed middle class in Trausnitz than her numerous predecessors had. This earns her the sobriquet "The Middling Queen" to flavor the already popular "Merchant Queen" title. In other news, Eleanor continues to develop her cousin's seemingly successful administrative policies. Court physicians continue to bathe in religious ceremonies, hoping to appease God. In national news, the common courts continue to be implemented around Bavaria as several of the lower class make use it of. The serf laws begin to be used as well. While not extremely active, as many as three dozen serfs earn their freedom by the end of the year. Many freed serfs find work and home in the cities, while others continue to informally live on their lords' lands. This situation becomes a status quo and is foreseen to last the century. Many skeptics of Eleanor's reforms predict they will not affect Bavaria much until 1500.  In educational news, Eleanor expresses interest of opening the Queen Isabell University to more men.
    • Munchen: By 1488, the total class of Queen Isabell University amounts to about 3000 men. Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. 
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The clergy of Wurzburg find small solace as the Grand Duchess is the somewhat temperate, analytic Eleanor. 
  • In Pskov the renaissance continues and Pskov gets more money than ever from the branches of Roscol Bank it bought due to Venice's troubles. Pskov uses more money to buy more Roscol Banks throughout Europe. Pskov sends an offer to England again to exchange scholars. The Second expedition to China along the silk road continues. Pskov once again offers to buy Venetian land and ships.
  • Hungary and all its vassals and puppets and states in personal union work on expanding their armed forces. There is an increase in trading between them all, along with increased trading with Moscovy and thus allows economic growth. Road construction also continues as for greater trade, better infrastructure is needed. Hungary also focuses highly on building better naval ships and upgrading old ships as well as putting many obsolete ships into retirement.

1489

A German merchant publishes a book titled the Behende und hüpsche Rechenung auff allen Kauffmanschafft showing the first instances of a plus and minus sign to represent trading surpluses or shortages. He begins teaching lectures on the topic of algebra at the University of Leipzig.

In Ayutthaya peasants from recently conquered areas of Majapahit and in the Malay Peninsula begin revolting against the government.

I will now proceed to explain to you exactly what the meaning of "positive mod event please" means, Fed. xD

The Quimbaya domination of the Colombian central highlands begins declining as the local monarchy falls in a succession war. The Motilons enter this conflict to establish influence over the Colombian territory. The Motilons also assert their control of OTL Guaijirean Peninsula as well as influence over the Catatumbo tribes. The Colombian tribes downfall begins.

A group of Spanish and French Jews, oppressed in their homelands and with no obvious place to flee to, decide to take matters into their own hands. After pooling their funds, they are able to hire a ship to take them as far west as possible. After a period of six, almost seven, months, the ship returns with tales of a new land to the west.

It's America, isn't it?

  • Not to be a bummer or anything but the Netherlands have been a safe haven for Jews since turn one. With Blood and Iron (talk) 11:30, May 1, 2014 (UTC)

The government, yes, but the people, not as likely. -MP

  • Portugal: Continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers continue to explore the African coast. The Açores continue to be settled. Meanwhile, shipwrights continue to fuse and modify aspects of ships that are known to operate around the Atlantic and the Mediterranean in order to develop larger ocean-going ships. Meanwhile, Urraca gives birth to a boy, who is named Fernando.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: The nation of Muscovy begins trading along routes routing through the nation of Novgorod and its vassals, and the nation of Pskov. Money collected through trade and taxation is saved this year in the Muscovite treasury in case of an emergency. Trade routes are established between the nations of Poland, Hungary, Rumania, and the Roman Empire, and we promote friendly relations with all these nations. We become closer to Novgorod through trade, relying on Novgorod for safe land routes into our northern territory. The third state of the Ukraine continues to be vassalized, as trade routes are established to the city of Odessa. In case of attack we expand our military, recruiting free levies from our cities to protect local regions of our nation. Pikes and crossbows become common equipment in some units after they begin to be produced locally to outfit local regiments. Bowmen continue to be an essential part of our military to provide support for melee units, with some gunpowder weaponry being used. In major cities Kremlins are upgraded and outfitted with modern equipment and dedicated garrisons to combat any threat or invasion. The largest Kremlin, located in Moscow, is especially upgraded, with new walls being added that are wider and can hold cannons. Italian architects are also invited to our courts to design certain aspects of the city. Settlement in the north is encouraged, bringing Christian and Russian traditions to the north of our territory and even into northern Siberia, a territory held by the Mongol hordes to the east. By this time much of the population of our northern territory is converted to Christianity, and the fear of Dmitri the Impaler convinces many to remain that way, preventing the spread of unwanted foreign ideals. We hope to improve relations with the Tartary for now, so that our nations can prevent fighting in the future. We continue the construction of the fortress of Dmitrigorod facing Narva. This turn is officially dedicated to military.
    • Lithuania: This turn is officially dedicated to military. Trade between Moscow, Prussia and other nations helps to amass wealth, which is partially used to finance infrastructural projects and military fortifications.
    • Ummm ... Pskov owns the land facing Narva ...
  • Prussia: The Prussians begin to develop their military. The Prussians continue to build their new navy.
    • Courland: The Curonians also continue developing their military.
    • Ossel-Wiek: Ossel-Wiek also continues developing their military. Duke Franz continues to reshape the face of Arenburg.
  • Rumania: Mircea II, now 32, continues to work on improving the economy. Iron, salt and coal mines dot the landscape. Coal begins to become a major resource produced. These mines provide the resources required by the foundries and traders on the coast. The Danube becomes a highway of commerce, hundreds of barges travel up and down its length transporting people, materials, goods, and ideas. The printing press continues to spread across Rumania. As much as 8% of the nation has reached basic literacy, and the Moralists promote education of commoners by priests, in order to give everyone the opportunity to read the Bible. The Eastern Mediterranean trade Company is created by a conference in Constantinople between Rumania, The Roman Empire and The Tartary. Shortly thereafter, Alexandria joins the company and an offer of membership is sent to Georgia and Alexandria.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: The economy continues to grow. The printing press spreads south into Bulgaria just as in Rumania. Ties with Rumania are strengthened.
    • Alexandria Dip: We haven't joined yet ... still need to be convinced to join the EMTC.
    • The Hungarian King Sigismund enquires about joining, stating Hungary has one of the best fleets of the Eastern Mediterranean and wonders if Hungary could join.
  • Conte expands 100 sq km north on the Kunene river, finding an even larger pool of water. Conte has become so large that it is hard to easily travel, making it more successible to raids. He tells his children to lead bands in small areas, to preserve the Con way of life. Conte, this year, because of a lot of new territory, sees the surplus of food soar. Due to the food surplus, and the capturing of females from neighbouring tribes, or tribes whose territory they took as expanding, the population continues to rocket. Mon scared of a population that is either 1) Not fully integrated into the Con tribe or 2) Too young to support, decides that he will not take his warriors any farther north, and he is to stay sedentary, allowing the Con to consolidate its new member, which are now a vast majority of the tribe. Mon begins to make preparations for a season of elephant hunting. Mon is also very pleased that Castile accepted the offer to educate their sons, and hopes to establish good relations.
  • Kingdom of Gwalior: The invitation to Dhundar had been sent to form a dynastic union with Gwalior. (Mod, please). The rich fertile lands of Dhundar as well as the iron clad lands of Gwalior would've indeed worked perfectly with each other. Dhundar had been offered access to the artillery and gunpowder-based weaponry which had been quite rare in India and the chance of having its infrastructure developed to the top standards as well as protection by Gwalior. Gwalior had already started trading heavily with Dhundar and started granting interest free loans to allow Dhundar to construct even more schools since Gwalior wanted to gain support from Dhundar's people as well. Development of gunpowder based weaponry continued as there was a need to protect Gwalior from invaders. The population had risen to 205,000 and the army had a total of 8000 troops (2000 GDF and 6000 GOF). Raja Vikram had been particularly proud of his army and granted the soldiers a high status amongst the rest of the citizens. The construction of the largest worship place, The Golden Temple of Gwalior continued as Raja Vikram brought thousands of architects from various parts of India. (Year Five of 20). Trade with the states of Gondwana and Bastar had started and Raja Vikram offered their people a chance to work in the iron mines at Gwalior for daily wages. The children of the families that were willing to work at Gwalior had houses constructed for them. Gwalior invested heavily in both states and often offered low interest loans. A second envoy was sent to the Sultanate of Bengal congratulating the new Sultan on his ascension to the throne. The House of Talang returns from Kabul after a long discussion with Emperor Mirza followed by Alexandrian merchants with whom it was agreed upon that Gwalior could share the Alexandrian port city by paying a tax. Raja Vikram ordered numerous architects and builders to go to Karachi as soon as possible, in order to further develop the western side of the Port as well as make it much more easier for merchants from various nations to recognize the difference as to which is controlled by which country.
    • Alexandria Dip: You need to speak to me and come to terms with me before you can use Katrina (OTL Karachi) as a port. You are welcome to commence trade there, but using my port requires a pact or treaty. 
    • Gwalior Dip: Do I send an envoy to Alexandra or is a discussion with the merchants at Katrina is enough?
    • Alexandria Dip: The head of the trade enclave Katrina can discuss and create terms for use on behalf of King Grigorios. 
    • Gwalior Dip: Very well. The Gwaliori envoy that had been directed to the Port by the Mughals arrives at Katrina to discuss the terms for Gwalior to be allowed to share the port.

I have decided to switch nations. I am no longer Gwalior

  • France: Military, navy and economy are built up. The news of the new lands are interesting to the king, yet he dismisses them as not pointless as for now it would take too long for there to be an exploration party there and that the main concern of the king is to establish its influence over all territories under its control. and to launch its final strike at Muslim North Africa. While this, in Artois a priest whose father was Dutch married to a French peasant begins preaching to avoid the Papacy's great mistake such as the lack of recognition of the Greek Rome during the crisis that nearly destroyed it, and the fact that the schism wasn't solved until the other side chose to talk. He begins preaching about a headless church with several similarities to that of the Dutch and the Catholic. He's called Louis Ebrecht. The monarchy decides to ignore him, and to reassure its people that it stands by the side of the church. However, insisting in the sole reason of the French church (as refered to its governing group) to recognize the Pope - yet to be independent.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up. Economy expands.
    • Albret: Military and economy are built up. 
    • Nemour: Military and economy are built up.
    • Guyenne: Military and economy are built up.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up.
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up.
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up.
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up.
    • Sardinia: Military and economy are built up.
    • Basel: Military and economy are built up.
    • Aargau: Military and economy are built up. The French presence begins to be felt. However, the attempts to establish a pro-Germanic government in order to avoid eventual uprisings, internal vassalization begins as well to fully convince German leadership.
    • Foix: Military and economy are built up.
    • La marche: Military and economy are built up.
    • Limoges Military and economy are built up.
    • Nevers: Military and economy are built up.
    • Andorra: Military and economy are built up.
    • Africa: Military and economy are built up. The native population drops to 450,000 (from around 750,000 in the region) due mostly to the plague and the war. French nobles begin to arrive due to the relative power void. While this, the French navy begins docking in Tunis, soon renamed Carthage.
  • Hamburg-Mecklenburg: The economy grows thanks to Hamburg's membership and good relations in the NSTA, with the obvious exception of Scandinavia despite Duke Friedrich's efforts. Roads are constructed throughout the duchy, allowing better ease of transport of goods. Hamburg makes contact with the Indian states, but is undecisive as to whom to begin trading with, though the Mugals seem promising. Upon hearing rumors of a new land to the west, Hamburg extends an offer to the Netherlands for a joint voyage west. Modified carracks are constructed for the journey.
    • Magdeburg: Military and economy expanded.
  • Trier: We dedicate this turn to military, as do our vassals. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne, and Austria and her vassals. To improve infrastructure we begin building several defenses, and roads to link towns across the nation. Fortifications around our capital are improved and updated. The University of Trier, founded more than a decade ago, is expanded.
  • Oman: The Sky Mosque is completed and people from throughout the nation flock to the streets of Muscat to witness its final glory. The Sultan opens it on the summer solstice of this year in front of crowds of tens of thousands. Its unique design is heralded by architects throughout the Arab world, as the sky-blue dome stretches over a hundred feet into the air, flanked by eight half dome butresses. The interior has the same blue ceramic tiles as the façade, and is inscribed with passages from the Qur'an and other religious texts. The naval fleet is nearly complete in the ship-building yards of the north-east coast, in Sohar and Muscat. Trade ships in the Mediterranean arrive in Hungarian ports and offer a trade deal between the two countries. The Sultan also accepts the Yemeni offer of a trade and defensive pact, and he hopes this will help bond the nations of Arabia for the future. A prospector in the Jebel Sham range finds a small nugget of a strange substance. He takes it to the capital, where it is identified as an ore of iron. A group of miners ask him to lead them to where he first found the ore, and they soon set up a small minig site in the hills, and name it Sham, after the mountain on which it is situated. The small group soon turns into a stream of miners heading up the hill from the ramshackle collection of huts of Sham to descend into the dark and dangerous mine on the hill. After thirty-two miners are killed when a section of scaffolding fell, the Sultan demands extraction halt until a safer method of mining is developed, just before the end of the year, and new scafforling rig is designed and extraction resumes. A group of traders returning from the Mediterranean arrive preaching a European faith called Christianity. The religion gains popularity, with hundreds being converted and churches popping up all around the country. The Sultan does not condemn the new preachers, but those around him urge him to eliminate this "Christian Plague". He ignores him, declaring that faith is not a reason for hate, and welcomes the new religion.
    • The Hungarian King Sigismund, although wary of Islam, welcomes the tradesmen and promptly accepts all deals with Oman, after hearing of its riches from the convoy of ships which returned last year.
  • Mughal Empire: Trade carries on with Gwalior, Netherlands and Alexandria. The Mughali military is improved with new technologies (mil turn).
  • Jinazhou Jurchens: continues to expand into the unorganized homeland of their brothers the wild Jurchens. Kengshi declares himself Emperor of  Manchus, a broad term considering he does not control all Manchus.  The nomadic opulation continues to drop, and the capital continues to be built, and his palace with it. Military is built up and new weapon designs, some based ff of its trade with its allies, are implemented. Also, it is made a requirement that all healthy men aged 20 must serve for five years mandatory.
  • County of Oldenburg: Tales of the new Western land spurs the OHG to send its whaling fleet farther west than ever before, with the ships rounding the southernmost point of Greenland. They find rich, previously-untapped whaling, sealing and fishing grounds. These new areas are kept a close secret. Neu Borkum expands [whatever the maximum amount is] southwest along the mainland coast, as a small hamlet is established by unusually hardy and hermetic fishing families.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: Opposition to the church takeover of town lands continues, although some of the influential leaders have disappeared. The military is built up to cope with the growing unrest. 
  • Scandinavian Empire: The military is expanded, especially the already powerful Scandinavian Navy. More offensive ships are built, though they can easily serve as defensive ships, should any nation get overzealous. Novgorod and Prussia are again sent good intentions and an offer for new trade routes. In the meantime, Scandinavia continues to explore Greenland.
  • Mayan Empire: The God Emperor hears stories of white demons, from across the sea. He begins preparing for war, and has as much weapons made as possible. Trade is increased, and a fair amount economic growth begins.
  • China: Continues integrating the annexed lands of Inner Mongolia and the process of taming the horse lords of the north. To the south, relations with the Tran Dynasty in Vietnam are improved while Lao Xing and the Khmer Empire expand their economies by exporting silk and dried tea into South East Asia. China continues aggressively asserting pressure on the remaining Taiwanese states to join Tainan in a unifed nation. Tainan expands through the mountains of Taiwan filling out the remaining unoccupied areas. Xitun capitulates to Tainanese and Chinese pressure as the immense treasure fleet sails into its territorial waters in a threatening manner and it is annexed into Tainan. The pressure amps up on Hualian. The Haixi Jurchens and Mongol Khanate work with Korea to develop their economies and trade network which is based on exporting horses and minerals to China and Southern Asia. The Chinese lands in Japan work on integration and stability whilst China itself develops its shipyards with naval engineers planning to build ships that are smaller and more maneuverable. The court eunuchs of China continue to iron out their plans. Lanzhou's economy is bolstered and it is finally made the Western capital of China. It and the surrounding provinces are governed by the the Second Prince of the Emperor, in essence the King's brother. (This will play into stuff in the future).
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of them. We buy more books from China. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We begin building up our military and create even tougher practices. We expand toward the OTL Kamchatka peninsula slowly.
    • Oirat D: We ask Chagatai, Golden Horde and Baikal Jurchens to form the Great Northern Alliance with us.
  • Mapuche:  Heeding the growing social movement for a centralized government, village elders from across the territory meet in Xoryan to discuss the structure of the Mapuche government and how the tribe will operate as a nation.  Thought not finalized, the central government will likely feature a grand council of one elder from each village and the leader of the War Band; together, they will make decisions regarding diplomacy, management of the War Band, infrastructure, and the general well-being of the people.  There are 43,231 Mapuche.
  • Caliphate of Madinah: The new Caliph of the Khalifat-e-Madinah, Caliph Mamoon bin Ahmad bin Mahmood bin Abdullah bin Faisal bin Mamoon or otherwise known as Caliph Mamoon II of the House of Mamoon had ascended the throne. Clad in gold jewelery and the traditional Arabian attire, Caliph Mamoon gave his speech to thousands of men gathered around the Caliph's Palace. In his speech, Caliph Mamoon II reminded the people of their need to protect Makkah and Madina, as well the need to spread Islam throughout the world through peaceful methods. Caliph Mamoon II had already started trading with the Bedouin tribes of Nejd, improving the economy.

Discussion Moved to Talk Page ~ Greg

  • Ethiopia: We build up our military and navy. The navy builds more ships for trade. Many churches are still continuing to be built. We use the Nile river to trade with our allies Alexandria. Agriculture is our biggest industry in the country besides trade. We expand our nation's southern borders 15 px south. The wall and outposts around the capital city are still in the process of being built. Our nation expands our northern borders 15 px north into the disorganized territory. In Nubia, our missionaries influence the people in the Ethiopian Orthodox way. We expand our eastern border 15 px east. The reason for going east is to get to the Indian Ocean and to get coastal lands. Due to a population boom, farmers grow more food for our hungry citizens. The king continues the build of great castle of Ethiopia.
    • Alexandria Dip: Kafta claims the throne of Ethiopia. He is the son of Alexander's older sister Catherine, Princess of Ethiopia, and the King Grigorios of Alexandria. 
  • Cuzco: War with the Ica-Nazca continues, as Cuzco's superior numbers have allowed us to outflank the Nazcas. Cuzco's casualties have hit 1500 already. Population hits 260,000.
    • Quallasuyu: Aymaras continue to be used as slaves, those who are not kept in servitude are more often than not killed. Population hits 15,000 Cuzcans and about 6000 Aymarans.
  • Alexandria: Trade continues to increase as the ports are re-established. More people are converted to Coptic Christianity due to the See of Saint Mark's presence, including those of the True Faith. Many Muslims reconsider their faith seeing the prosperity that Christians live in. Resources are sent to Aiguptia to maintain and protect the canal as that process continues and workers are encouraged to go seek out this opportunity. The economy continues to pick up as trade expands to SE Asia. Christians in North African nations are invited to immigrate to Alexandria. Missionaries and dignitaries remain in the Nubia region hoping to convert and influence some of the Nile cities (Turn Eighteen). The land acquired from Yemen by the Red Sea continues to see a port town established for sailors and merchants to rest before going into the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean, there is a medium increase in population as more people look to get into the trade business and travel from Castile and the Netherlands requires a stop for their sailors. In the province of Judea soldiers are to protect both Christian, Islamic and Jewish pilgrimages. Taxes are not like those in Alexandria where they favor Christians, but rather equal for all three of these religions. Small amounts of conversions take place mainly converting Christians and Muslims to Coptic Christianity. Alexandria removes troops to the south as the region is now calm and free of revolt. Missionaries are also sent in to do some potentially forceful conversions.  Alexandria works extensively on its navy as it wishes to further explore the deepest reaches of the Great Eastern Sea (OTL Indian Ocean). An Alexandria expedition makes it to Dia Viet with the noble who negotiated the Treaty of Karachi. OTL Goa and Karachi continue to become a massive destination for Alexandrian trades and relationships continued to be established. The state owned Great Eastern Sea Trade Company takes control of trade in Alexandrian ports along the Eastern Sea. Grigorios's engineers continue plans of a reconstructed lighthouse on the cite of the citadel. Relations are established with the nation Vijaynagar, an we  continue establish more posts along the coast, especially at Goa. Mil Turn.  Troops are trained.  Kafta continues interest in Ethiopian culture and even goes on a tour of the nation. Kafta and Kyricos become bolder and are taught to rule. An enclave at OTL Port Sudan begins to form due to trade (two). Immigration from traders and trading families increases to the trade enclaves in Alexander's Strait and the Somali enclaves. Kafta, being charismatic, asks his father to call in favors from his allies, looking for a way to rule. His brother Kyricos give Kafta an alternative plan than to rulling Alexandria or Aiguptia. Grigorios calls in favors with his allies and friends. Calling troops and generals of Yemen, Cyprus, the Caucasian Confederation, the Kingdom of Hungary and its vassals, Hamburg and its unions, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and Oman to discuss young Kafta's plan. (All nations invovled should be aware of the plan...if not find me on chat). Troops from these nations are invited to begin to train together as generals discuss Kafta's proposal. Mercenaries are attempted to be recruited from from Ayutthaya, Mughal, Vijanyar and Somalia (regions surrounding Puntland), to be paid with Alexandria's recent riches from SE trade or European trade depending on region. Kafta' asks Albion and Erie, the Spanish Confederation and the Roman Empire for assistance in his planning. Troops are raised throughout Alexandria.
    • The Hungarian King Sigismund quickly sends the message to Grigorious that his envoys will arrive to discuss the plan and if need be partcipate and send support to Grigorious' side in any war.
    • Aiguptia: Continues to stabilize the nation. Engineers, cartographers and philosophers from all trade partners are offered jobs to work on expanding the Philadelphi Canal to take on present day cogs, treasure fleets and other ships. At many points ships can pass freely using two separate canals or wide man-made lakes. However, there are still flows to be worked out, and portions to be widened, although the work becomes minimal. Citizens and people in the surrounding regions and province are converted to Coptic Christianity. Missionaries continue to convert people, especially in Cairo. Cairo also attracts many in anticipation of the canal. The city at the crossing point of the canal OTL Zagazig, begins to be filled by merchants and people looking to get involved in the trade industry, but becomes known for poorer living conditions and being put at risk for the plague. Missionaries and organizers are sent to Nubia region to assist in building a kingdom there. Mercenaries are raised to assist the Alexandrian merchants in their conflict for safe trade in order to maintain a presence on the former Somali land. Alexandria's call to arms is answered through Aiguptia training is military and participates in the war games. Mil Turn.
    • Oman's Sultan al-Teral declares his support of the plan, and sends an envoy to discuss Oman's participation.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to expand its trade, and the foundation of the EMTL helps to expand the influence of the Roman economy. The Empire's merchants begin to take over positions from their Venetian colleagues as the Venetian economy dies down in influence. The Empire continues to work on the inventions of Carlo de Patra, and the hunting rifles become popular among the upper elite.
    • Albania: The military expands, and the matchlock weapons become more common in the army, as well as general cannons for city defense.
  • Eire: Following the formation of Eire, the Norman Rebellions and years of consolidation of power by the king, the feudal system, much more recently established in Eire than the rest of Europe, finally breaks down. The dukes of the five provinces of Eire are all dead, their lands held by the king, and the old heads of clans are now country gentlemen living out their lives on the edge of the newly-established towns, the only thing of note is them holding a place in the King's Clan Assembly, styled after the English House of Lords. Nationalism is beginning to supplant feudalism. The people of Eire, who have loved the king and his policies for the advancement of the common folk begin to think of themselves as Eirics, with their own nation and church rather than O'Brians, O'Kennedys, or members of another clan. The old clan system finally breaks down, and in its place is a modern European nation with its eyes to the future. Indeed it was symbolic that in 1486, the old king, Eamon died in his sleep, a hero that matched, and even surpassed his father in places. His son, Tomas II, rises to the throne. Tomas, a bookish fellow who has his nose in tales about old Eire, and Albion has developed a sense of history that makes him into an effective ruler, that uses lessons from the past often. His first edict is to maintain the roads that brought Eire together with a civilian guard. These reforms make the roads safer for trade, and as a result, trade on the island blossoms. The middle class, having grown over the past 85 years until it has made a sizable part of the population. Fledgling merchant guilds begin to spring up, especially after the complete fall of feudalism. We add the recently acquired cannons to our military and begin to use early gunpowder weapons, as gunpowder has been used amongst the populace for a certain amount of time and it is quite easy to acquire. Levies are trained in the use of gunpowder weapons, though we outlaw the unsanctioned creation of it to prevent bombs from being created by the populace. Rumors reach us of the Oldenburger colony in a remote land of ice, and we commission an expedition led by former trader Eoghan O'Briain to see if there are any truth to the rumors. We discover Oldenburg's colony, and it prompts an era of exploration and new interest in the tales of "St Brendan's Land" and "Hy-Brasil". The King, being no stranger to those legends himself, begins to commission expeditions into the Atlantic, with the old hulks being made smaller and sleeker and more akin to Mediterranean long-distance vessels.
    • I hardly think Oldenburg's little colonies would be a secret or a rumour. I mean, a large portion of Northern Europe's whale and seal products have come out of the two outposts for decades now, they hardly need to be discovered. You're welcome to trade with the outposts, though. Callumthered (talk) 22:17, May 1, 2014 (UTC)
  • Zapotec: Rumors begin spreading across the nation of white men. They are mostly ignored. Tlaco II expands roadways connecting cities in the alliance to help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco II orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Trade with the Aztecs commences after years of stagnation under Tlaco I. Trade continues with the Aztec break-away states.
  • Fusahito Theocracy: Construction of the Imperial Mausoleum is completed outside Kyoto. Clad in white marble, the building is a fitting resting place for the wife of the first Fusahito Emperor. Construction of the city of Sendai continues, although it is projected to be completed in six years. This continues to help expand the economy of the Date province.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy has massively swelled with thanks to the creation of the Spanish confederation and the addition of Aragon's trade and military fleet at Castile's disposal. Castile, as leader of the Spanish confederation, begins a series of economic and military reforms on all the kingdoms in order to expand all the local economies and militaries and centralize the confederation's economies in general. Castile at this point has explored farther down Africa establishing multiple trade posts along the way and reaching a point where the sea rounds the continent. However, the failure of supplies has led to this exploration fleet having to turn back. Castile has begun the development of a series of new ships meant to replace some of the aging designs and add some new innovations. The Castilian navy begins to replace multiple ships with the new carracks as some of the largest ships in the Castile fleet. The Castilian renaissance with the addition of Aragon's renaissance techniques has exploded significantly and with permission from the monarchy embroiled with organizing the Spanish confederacy and multiple projects the Renaissance has led to a mass amount of art and technological innovation being developed. Castile and its confederacy and vassals has now fully converted to the Western Church with the only exception being Cyprus due to its Orthodox roots and Orthodox leadership which prevents a total conversion. The Castilians begins to suffer issues within heavy trade cities of Gibraltar, and Seville as this disease begins killing many people. Castile regardless of the plague organizes a fleet of 12 ships to go through the canal for trade and exploratory purposes with multiple ships being filled to the brim with supplies and others with trade goods these ships make their first stop in Yemen. Three more unrelated ships push for mapping East Africa using the well established ports to do so pushing toward the Sanafah having much more supplies this time. King Ferdinand unable to resist the opportunity of the new lands heard of immediately commissions three separate trading companies to cross the seas and scout out these new lands. Leaving from multiple points the fleets reach the new lands and immediately go their separate ways. One fleet, the smallest of the three composing of seven ships, sails south mapping and cataloguing go much farther south than they believed finding a huge natural harbor. This hints to these men to be the perfect place for a trade outpost as well as a City in the future. The Explorer Hernan Amerigo establishes the trading post/colony of Buenos Aires. (only 1 px) The other two fleets unable to go much farther north due to their size both make first contact with the Nations of Maya and Zapotec.
    • Kingdom of Aragon: The relatively good treatment of Aragon by Castile and the fallacy of actions of the previous king in burning various areas and completely razing Aragon's capital city have forever earned the enmity and hate of most of the Aragonian people, many of which believed they could continue their lives under Castile in a better fashion, with greater access to Castile's vast diplomatic, trade and military power. This, along with common religion and semi-related language, has led to a nearly seamless transition into the personal union. Nobles have been appointed by Prince Carlos of Castile personally who has personally overseen the majority of the war in Aragon which with his expertise, charisma and swaying abilities has led to many supporting his decisions on either side. Carlos himself is appointed the transitional governor of Aragon in order to facilitate a much smoother transition. The Kingdom's navy previously seized is returned to people sympathetic to Castilians and the military navy in particular is given to a series of respected and well known Aragonians loyal to Castile. Aragon's assimilation into Castile cultural base begins due to many nobles now speaking Spanish (Castilian) which shows a notable effect of a few people especially merchants and some developing artisans which are currently able to speak the language proficiently. Aragonians spurred on by Prince Carlos to rebuild Zaragoza continue the work needed to rebuild the city and the various burned towns surrounding the city with the city being moderately repaired. For the time being, however, the capital of Aragon proper is migrated to Valencia. With Castilian assistance various infrastructural areas are rebuilt and the military is expanded to a token force of 5000. Along with this support the Aragonian economy recovers slowly with a slow but controlled influx of Castilian economic aid helping Aragon recover. The Aragonian Navy is allowed by Castile to move toward settlements in the Canaries down into Capo Verde, and according to Castilian trade agreements docks in Oyo for trade nearly doubling their previous range. This is pushed down further pushing underneath Oyo farther down the coast using Castilian trade posts to explore. The ruling magistrate over Aragon signs a landmark trade deal with Castile which allows for Aragon's usage of Castile's large amounts of trade posts down the coast of Africa. The Aragonians now in control of the Spanish South African trading company fund the creation of the expansion of the Trade outpost into a formal colony to be settled much like Morocco and Granada were by Castile. (only 1 px)
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: The King of Cyprus is now King Alexander of Cyprus. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller west to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing, also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. The Kingdom of Cyprus due to the recent issues in Castile reluctantly recognizes Carlos and his Regency for Prince Ferdinand. Cyprus itself with its fleet of nearly 100 ships begins to take after the Venetian example with trade and begins to put Cypriot merchant ships into state possession for trade in order to help with the kingdom's finances and heavy trade. This show immediate results as a relative increase in funding and attention to trade between Castile and her allies begins to improve the quality of trade. The Assassins Guild sets up in Cyprus looking to prevent issues in the kingdom with corruption and serving as their base into Muslim countries.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area. The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable number of Castilians settle the area. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom with many canals having been completed has vastly expanded its farmland among other things. Morocco's total population reaches nearly 750,000 with Christianity becoming dominant in the area. Calne-Vicuna is finished and is opened as an center for Christianity in North Africa with a library said to rival old Alexandria's. The Moroccan Assassins Guild forms and spreads keeping the peace and killing the corrupt as well as making morocco much more peaceful for Castilian Rule
    • Kongo: The Kingdom begins to work toward a trade and production economy focusing on helping provide resources for Castile's burgeoning West African trade network. The King of the Kongo converting to Christianity and being baptised begins to call for the expansion of ports to the best of the Kongolese architects' abilities. With the King also adopts the name John, in favor of the king who began these exploratory operations down the coast of Africa. The King also organized a band of Christian soldiers who help keep the peace who also begin to help with conversions to Christianity as a series of missionaries and high level priests from the Western Church have come on a ship hearing of many pagans and heretics to convert. The King makes multiple successful campaigns against various of the petty kings in Kongo killing two of them and leaving the third on the run. The Christianization of multiple areas is completed and multiple others are begun. The Kingdom of the Kongo in an attempt to increase economic output and trade begins to export a moderate amount of raw materials to Castile and begins to push toward heavy exploitation methods if possible.
  • In Ayutthaya, military projects continue. This also results in a boom in trade, spreading out throughout South-Eastern Asia, its effects reaching China in the North, Sanafah in the West, Australia to the South and Japan to the East. Gold pours into the kingdoms. More ships are built, partially for trade purposes, with our ships reaching as far as as Southern Africa, and with planned expeditions even moving over the Cape of Good Hope. We establish trade posts throughout India and Southern Asia. Relations between religions continue to be excellent, with the Buddhist majority welcoming the smaller Hindu and Muslim minorities. We continue to influence Aru, helping them stabilize their state. We sign trade treaties with them, and are hoping for vassalization treaties by 1490. Trade continues to flow through Sukhothai to China. Work continues on the Spire of Indaraja - the H̄xkhxy h̄æ̀ng Indraja - in the city of Ayutthaya. A massive monument, it is a spire reaching almost 100 feet tall, expected to be finished in 1500. Made mostly out of white marble and gold inlay, this is accompanied by a massive renovation project reaching throughout the cities of Ayutthaya, building new roads, new walls and new houses throughout the nation. The King also orders a day of celebration to mark the day of Indaraja's death.  King Chairacha has a baby boy, and a day of celebration is pronounced through the Kingdom. More ships land in the Marriwuyanga Empire. We form a military pact with Bengal. The Golden Army continues to train, along with hundreds of other militias and armies. All vassals expand their militaries. Thanks to our access to the Philidelphi, we make contact with the Romans, and offer trade treaties. We promise our ally, Bengal, troops to aid with their uprising, sending them through Sukhothai. A new law is put into place insisting that all cities renovate their walls once every five years. Meanwhile, as the minor peasant uprising in the Majapahit occurs, the King convinces the main lords of the Majapahit (who are still in control) not to support the revolt by the simple method of making them all send their children to the city of Ayutthaya for education. Everyone benefits; the children, who will succeed their fathers in their titles, learn and make connections in the capital, the state can deal with what now is guaranteed to be an isolated peasant incident, and the lord benefit as they don't get wiped off the map. Having done this, the King sends units of the army to deal with the revolts, but ensures that all of those divisions are those taken from Malay lands, volunteers and militais mostly. After several decisive battles, they are crushed, their leaders are executed, and peace returns.
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Grand Duchess Eleanor and her council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1489 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1489, Eleanor commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The market center in Landshut continues to attract Bavarian and Venetian traders. In religious news, around 76% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Eleanor ends her predecessor's policies of advancing Sedevanticism in the government. As the new Grand Duchess, Eleanor continues to vet and interrogate most of the powerful nobles of Bavaria. To work more efficiently, she appoints Vallerio Volpe as her spymaster. By the end of the year, Eleanor hosts a more developed middle class in Trausnitz than her numerous predecessors had. This earns her the sobriquet "The Middling Queen" to flavor the already popular "Merchant Queen" title. In other news, Eleanor continues to develop her cousin's seemingly successful administrative policies. Court physicians continue to bathe in religious ceremonies, hoping to appease God. In national news, the common courts continue to be implemented around Bavaria as several of the lower class make use it of. The serf laws begin to be used as well. While not extremely active, as many as three dozen serfs earn their freedom by the end of the year. Many freed serfs find work and home in the cities, while others continue to informally live on their lords' lands. This situation becomes a status quo and is foreseen to last the century. Many skeptics of Eleanor's reforms predict they will not affect Bavaria much until 1500.  In educational news, Eleanor expresses interest of opening the Queen Isabell University to more men. These ideas continue to develop as Eleanor turns 55. In royal news, Eleanor sends news to France, Castile and England requesting a marriage for her twenty-six year old son and heir, Franz-Albert.
    • Munchen: By 1489, the total class of Queen Isabell University amounts to about 3100 men. Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. 
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • 'Nurnburg: 'Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Eleanor continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for European traders. The clergy of Wurzburg find small solace as the Grand Duchess is the somewhat temperate, analytic Eleanor. 
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite does its job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. We continue to help finance the Plutocratic State of Jaunpur, Delhi Sultanate and Bahamani Sultanate by sending gifts directly to the nobles/sultans, offering loans from powerful trade bankers, and decreasing the trade taxes over all of Bengal, allowing more of our merchant goods to travel into those states. We also raise a portion of the Sultan's personal levy and then divide it out to be sent to the states leaders, so that they can do with them what they wish in order to maintain order in their nation. The construction of schools and universities several years ago has led to an increase in scholars and literacy in our nation. Due to the removal of trade barriers among a majority of states in the Indian League, their merchants and ours begin to travel with increased mobility and goods, thereby increasing the trade income and output in the agreeing nations. With the plague being considered a far less threat now than it previously was, restrictions on trade and laws on inheritance/assests are changed to pre-plague laws. Due to the return to a high volume of trade after managing to work with a far smaller volume during the plague, investments by landed elites into expansion of their plantations, mines and levies increase exponentially. The Bengali levies and mercenaries cotinue to wage their battles against the Avanese forces, (Algo done in a few).
    • '​Emirate of Andamana:' Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure.
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslim settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems.
  • Oyo Empire: Oyo continues to expand its economy, military and infrastructure, with focus put on the expansion of the navy in light of the trade routes to India and the Far East. A trade pact is signed with the inhabitants of OTL Malaysia, to provide the Oyo traders with goods such as food and raw materials to sustain trading in the region, and in exchange, the Oyo will provide finished goods which cannot be produced in the region do to lack of knowledge. Oyo plans to establish a belt of trading centers to allow its fleets to trade around the world, without being held down in any one region do to large amounts of land they must maintain. The Asaaju of Oyo issues a decree establishing the Oyo East Indian Company, which will handle all trade affairs in the region, freeing the government up to deal with more important matters outside of the Asian continent. Elsewhere, the military is expanded to a force of 125,000 warriors, and one-fifth are armed with guns as per prior military law mandating such a requirement. The production of cannon continues in the foundries of Oyo.
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. Our turn is dedicated to military in both our nation and our vassals. We grow closer to Padua, having successfully liberated their city, and the hero of the liberation, Stephano the Brave, begins seeking a wife. Many begin to call for a possible counter attack into Venice to end their clashes with Milan once and for all, and possible plans are created.
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows, increasing our military capabilities in case of war. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. The recent classes of Koch ships are being manufactured in Novgorod. The town of St Patriksburg’s population grows a bit more that last year. As the construction of the town improves, the Kremlin finishes, trade becoming more in demand, the town gains slightly. Because of the trade road built with Tver our economy increases. After seeing a great success with the private schools in the cities of Novgorod, St Patriksburg, Staraya Russa, and Nizhny Novgorod. We start building another private school in Rostov and Yaroslavl. We complete building private schools in Torzhok and a private school in Staraya Ladoga. We dedicate this turn to military. We continue to establish ties with our allies Muscovy and Pskov. We offer to help Pskov develop this new type of koch, and engineers in Novgorod begin producing a model of their own. The new ship, constructed almost exclusively for sea-based travel will be thirty meters in length. The new ship will have three masts, and becomes known as a trikoch. We also begin producing shitiks that are fifteen to twenty meters in length for the purpose of transporting cargo.
    • Tver: We complete the construction of the private school in Tver and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Yaroslavl, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Yaroslavl: We complete the construction of the private school in Yaroslavl and we start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Rostov: We completed the construction of the private school in Rostov and start the new one. We expand our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Yaroslavl, Muscovy. We dedicate this turn to military.
    • Pskov Gladly accepts the proposal
  • Austria: This turn in both our nation and in all our vassals is dedicated to economy. We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port. To respond to dangers in the area, and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren.  With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Abrechtburg has grown to a decently sized settlement, supporting a population of farmers, traders, and a small garrison of soldiers. The town also houses a well furbished fort, armed with a small amount of cannons intended to defend the settlement and the harbor from any attack. Built out of necessity, the port at Abrechtburg is refurbished and expanded to support more trade ships, and allied countries are welcomed to trade and stay in the town. The second largest settlement in Westenland, Dominusburg, follows suit, beginning construction of a port similar to Abrechtburg ‘s. Trade posts continue to be built and exploited, now numbering several dozen along the coast of Westenland and into allied territory. Our reliance on the Wolof becomes less so, but we sign a trade agreement with their nation to continue our positive relationship.  Deals are made with the Wolof for slaves and other goods. Conversion of the natives begin around the settlement. The territories purchased by the Visconti lord are consolidated into the new vassal of Ionia, which combines with our already existing territory in the Ionian Islands. Several bimereiches begin construction in Trieste, Melilla, Corfu, and other ports,  to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria and other trade partners, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. We disapprove of the actions the nation of Venice has undertaken against our allies, and we secretly begin planning an attack if necessary. The formation and organization of the newly founded  kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine continues, proving to be a successful investment. The postal system across Austria continues to grow. 
  • Dai Viet: This turn is officially dedicated to military expansion. The nation of Dai Viet begins expanding its military to protect the nation against any foreign attack. The government begins an active role in equipping some units, using its funds to ensure that the entirety of the militia is equipped with pikes and swords. Crossbows also begin to be used in select units, who are trained to be most effective during cavalry charges and to provide support for our infantry. Government forces are called and put to the test securing our southern border, garrisoning in recently acquired territory. Alongside expanding ground forces, the government also sees to need to expand naval forces, a process that began several decades ago. Small ships capable of longer journeys are constructed in major port cities, and cities in the south along the coast are expanded to facilitate naval activity on par with our northern cities. Trade ships are attracted to our major ports from nearby nations. Facilities are upgraded to better facilitate trade. With several dozen small trade ships and warships under the command of the government vassals, and several ships under its personal command, the government orders a series of operations in the east waters of the nation, hoping to root out pirates and protect trade routes. As a test of our navy, our largest warships, equipped with cannons and other weapons, make several expeditions around the Biển Đông (South China Sea). An expedition lands on the Philippines, where a trade post is established with one of the many tribes we commonly trade with.
  • The Millawalke Kingdom of Yemen: We upgrade our trade and our army. The King has been receiving reports of illegal Ethiopians entering the country. We will react if negatively.
  • Pskov: Buys more Roskol Bank branches throughout Europe, considering more banks under its control a sound investment for the future. Once again Asks to purchase some land and ships from Venice, and Sends letters throughout Europe asking for the exchange of scholars. THe new book by the german financier is taken and published in Pskov. Venetian printing presses are brought to Pskov, and people think on trying to combine the designs to make a more efficient press, and by the end of the year, the second generation Pskovian Printing presses begin being used in printing shops, having nearly double the efficiency of the older models. 
  • Hungary and all its vassals and puppets and states in personal union work on expanding their armed forces. There is an increase in trading between them all, along with increased trading with Moscovy and thus allows economic growth. Road construction also continues as for greater trade, better infrastructure is needed. Hungary also focuses highly on building better naval ships and upgrading old ships as well as putting many obsolete ships into retirement. Crown Prince Sigismund and his wife Margaeri of Poland, who were married in 1487, have a girl born to them. Birth of a new child is a cause for great celebration across the nation. As well as this, due to rumours of a land west of Iceland, sailors soon stock up on supplies and head out west to investigate rumours of Viking colonies and of a new colony founded. They soon arrive to discover that there is indeed a new colony belonging to Albion on the large island known as Greenland. However, it is ruled out from any future colonisation due to such cold temperatures. Meanwhile, ships which had gone through the canal return. Out of the 20 that set off, only 11 return. A couple of ships remain behind in Oman while a few were lost on sea. A few remaining ships, around 5, also head south to try to discover new nations. The ships which return speak of great wealth in the nation of Oman and advise the crown of establishing proper trade with them. They, along with other merchants, also spread of lands to the east with great wealth and thus 15 ships are readied and sent to explore the east further. Meanwhile, many new ships based on the King's request are constructed. Another envoy will be sent to Scandinavia regarding Viking ship designs. Sigismund also sends trade envoys to various nations.
    • Romanian Dip: Hungary is advised to take up the matter of joining the Eastern Mediteranean Trade Company in its council, the Eastern Mediteranean Trade Company's Talk Page
  • In the Empire of Madagasikara, the arrival of many Spanish troops takes place, effectively putting the Empire under (what is at least viewed as) temporary occupation by the Spanish Confederation. This move, however, strengthens the spread of Christianity and Latinized Malagasy in the nation. King Andrés dedicates himself to removing the threats this year, and in doing so organizes Canapastry's men to strike out against the Muslims in the Merina region. In a large battle, a majority of the jihadists die, and the rest surrender and openly convert to Christianity or face the Inquisition of the Comoros. In Betsileo, the war is finished as Canapastry and the Spanish troops destroy major Spiritist strongholds and animist staging grounds for an insurrection. The violence of these extremist groups alienate most average citizens, furthering the spread of Christianity. Julio Marciano Gabriel falls ill and is expected to die soon and therefore the competition to see who gets named the next Bishop heats up even further. With Spanish trade now pouring in to buy rare food items and spices, the nation's economy begins to recover. Growth of rice also takes off in full swing. Assimilation conversion, as developed by Gabriel, continues to be the main approach of the Church. Construction continues on the University of Mahajanga and the written history of Madagasikara. The Inquisition continues in the Comoros, aimed at targeting pro-Rahasan Muslims. Betsileo begins to rebuild following the intense military actions of the Spiritists and animist religious fanatics after the army fully repels these rebels. Economic turn.
    • Toamisina is integrated a year earlier than planned as King Andrés deems their integration to have the effect of raising Madagasikaran population in the upcoming census and will make the numbers of Muslims appear much more insignificant. In Sofala, expansion returns to the normal pace as the war has ended. Maputo continues to be impacted by the Malagasy culture and Christian faith, and expands to the north. The plan to assimilate Maputan natives by sending their first-borns to Madagasikara is relatively successful in its fourth year.

Footnotes

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