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1450 to 1459 (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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Archive Five:
1440 - 1449
Archive Six:
1450 - 1459
Archive Seven:
1460 - 1469


This page is an archive for the Principia Moderni III map game, from 1450 to 1459.

1450

PMIII 1450
Uprisings begin by Buddhists in Bhutan and Assam, seeking to restore Buddhism to its control over eastern India, especially Bengal.

In Central Africa the Bornu Empire establishes control over the surrounding area, retaking several parts of the former Kanem Empire, and several trade routes across the continent.

Tribesmen of nations that Oyo has pushed out and attempted to enslave flee north, beginning a rebellion and blocking Oyo’s expansion north/west and seize major parts of Frontier territory.

Sensing internal instability within the Oyo Empire, the allied nations of Great Akania, Benin, Borgu and Nupe decided to support the rebels in an effort to hinder the expansion of their mutual rival.

There is uproar in the Timurids after one of Ghiyath Al-Din's assassins attempts to kill the current Safavi Junayd.

The Treaty of Brussels is signed, officially ending the Dutch War for Independence, and a fifteen year struggle for control of the Lowlands between Dutch and German states of the Holy Roman Empire.

Albania now forming a much more organized army, and managing to get their economy together gain scores of +2 mil and +2 econ.

51 turns and still going strong! Thank You!

  • Ashikaga Shogunate: The economy continues to grow under the protectionism against China advocated by the Shogun. The benefit of the dynastic union between the Date and the Ashikaga is proven as trade increases under the perceived security of Ashikaga strength. The Shogun implements new laws that allow free trade between the Ashikaga and Date states, increasing supply from Date agricultural lands. This also encourages small scale trade which was impossible under previous taxation laws, with the unintended side effect of increasing competition.
    • Koryak Dip: The Koryak Confederacy requests Ashikaga assistance in war against the Jurchens, in return for which they would receive half of any land captured.
    • Ashikaga Dip: The Shogun would be glad to be of assistance, provided a positive response to the war comes from the Ming Dynasty.
  • Cuzco: We request trading rights with the Wanka (mod response needed.) Military takes a back seat to infrastructure, which is developed in our newly conquered areas. 
  • Kingdom of the Netherlands: With the Treaty of Brussels signed for the first time in 15 years there is peace in the Netherlands and all the Lowlands are united under a single crown. There is cheering in all the major cities of the Kingdom, amongst the Dutch, Flemish and Walloon populations. However, the German minority is not eager about their new state. Despite the overwhelming victory and the large gains from the Treaty of Brussels, the personal coffers of the Royal Family, and those of the state are near empty. Karl is tempted to touch the large wealth held by the banks, and by merchants of the lowlands. However, the States-General and his personal advisors convince him to leave those untouched as it would wreak the only factor of the economy of the economy still working in good order. Under the guidance of the States-General the administrative, taxing, and economic reforms continue to augment economic efficiency and cut on corruption. Personal fiefs within the Netherlands are formally abolished and the institution of Feudalism is formally eradicated from the Netherlands though the process of phasing it out will take time in the lands recently added to the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Laws further favoring a merchant and production economy are passed. With the recently added lands and work force The recovery of economic prosperity is estimated to be completed within ten to 15 years. The planned expedition to Africa is placed in the hands of private Dutch merchants as the state can not afford to promote it themselves at the moment. The Dutch merchants anxious to return to exploring the African coast to find a way to the riches of the Orient outfit a smaller then planned expedition and send it out in September. The target of the expedition is to reach the Kongo this time. Trade returns to normal as well as the blockade of Northern Germany is no longer in affect, and with the new trading rights granted by the Treaty of Brussels, Dutch merchants quickly regain their previous domination in the region. Karl I promises to fully support any Byzantine actions against the Ottomans under the condition that forces sent by the Netherlands are paid for from the Roman coffers. A lot of people from the countryside in the south move into the large cities of Northern and Central Lowlands as those are the places were work is to be found at the present. The Army of Flanders is demobilized though the Army of the Rhine is kept standing. The advantage of gunpowder weapons is finally proven with their performance during the Dutch war of independence, and large scale production of the matchlocks are put forward with them becoming one of the items offered for export by the Netherlands. Shipwrights taking note of the ever-evolving ship designs of Castile and Albion begin looking to improve on the already existing Dutch vessels. 
  • Aztec Empire: Emperor Montezuma II has reached the age of 30. He wakes up in the middle of the night, stressed over the neighboring cities, states, clans, and tribes, which have aggressively stopped the great and massive empire from expanding anymore. Emperor Montezuma II hastily walked to the Chambers of War for a straight month consulting with Cuachtemoc. The two discussed that any expansion of the over extended empire would be simply just crippling the great empire at this point. Understanding this the Emperor issues for more fishing ships to be built [145] as well as the navy to be increased [52]. With the new technology for ships being complete. With a large crossbow mounted on the front of the ships which can either fire a broad spear or rope ballista shot, enabling the Aztecs to reel in the enemy ships, or firing at the enemy. Throughout the great land infrastructure is expanded. Massive amounts of schools are built putting many non-working children into a proper education, requiring most of them to go to school. Wells and aqueducts are now common sights throughout the land. Water is now largely available to the people, as the memories of the drought and its effects begins to fade away. Cuachtemoc now takes great pride in the royal Kamayuk type guard. The Jaguar warriors are now an exclusive class of warriors as in which only the finest combatants are to be able to join. As the rest will be put into organized skirmishers, and the ever popular Eagle Warrior. Eagle Warriors are sent south to explore, with only one returning of fifty; he speaks that the rest were killed in an ambush by the Tzeltalan people. Hospitals are constructed and Nhuital has become popular in limited forms of writing.
    • Atotonilco (vassal of the Aztec Empire): The vassal expands its fishing ships [71] in the Atlantic Ocean. The navy is constructed [14] with the new adoption of the weapon created at the universities of Tenochtitlan. Military is expanded.
    • Soconusco (vassal of the Aztec Empire): The vassal expands its fishing ships [18]. Mainly concentrating on the southern Aztec navy [35]. Military is expanded.
    • Zacatollan (vassal of the Aztec Empire): Xilopolco is a renowned military fort. It has grown very large that it now holds a population of 26,000 people. Some call it a city, but the majority of the population is militaristic. The Aztec navy is built up [43] and fishing ships slowly are built [22]. Infrastructure is expanded building schools and temples throughout the vassal. Funded by the economic power house of Tenochtitlan.
    • Aztec diplomacy: Due to the lack of response from the people of the Yucatan, the empire will give the people until 1453; If they do not accept our request for trade rights. We will siege the region, and declare war against them.
  • Venetian Republic:
    • Books on various topics spread from Venice throughout Europe, beginning the Renaissance. Printed in the Venetian language, they teach of the sciences and humanities and revive learning, spreading knowledge (as well as the language) far and wide.
    • With the increased supply of Ducats, the fluidity of European trade increases.
    • Many people sentenced to death are drowned in the canals as is the Venetian tradition. The tradition is becoming the primary way to execute criminals and is spreading to the Venetian territories across Europe.
    • Fine wool and silk clothing from Titani is exported across the Mediterranean and Black Sea and begins to set the trend in Renaissance clothing.
    • In Veneto the Doge orders the invasion of the Ottoman Empire, having been encouraged by Skanderbeg to do so. He sends out letters detailing the line of attack to his allies. The Venetian fleet sets sail with some mercenaries on board, the fleet splits when it reaches the Aegean. The ships with no mercenaries work to blockade the entire Aegean. The ships carrying mercenaries rendezvous with forces in Naxos and sail to the Ottoman coast, burning as they go, they head south and attack and seize strong points all along the coast. The Venetian Mercenaries are tasked with taking the central Ottoman coast, and encircling any large Ottoman forces, they engage garrisons and win several sieges but no major force engages them, the action is known as the Seizure of the Aegean CoastTo the Romans he sends plans concerning blockading their local seas to Ottoman forces, he also states that 100 Venetian ships will be garrisoned in Constantinople to be a reaction force. Further, he states that Venetian and Roman forces in lands adjacent to their European territories should move swiftly to capture lands and the European Ottoman coast, to cut off the supply and retreat of the Ottoman forces in Europe. To the Wallachians and Moldavians he sends plans concerning the invasion of Bulgaria and Serbia, stating that the Wallachians should move quickly to cross the river that divides them from the Bulgarians and capture the coastline first, once done they should move forces south and east across Bulgaria. Once the campaign there is complete, Serbia should be their target. To the Georgians he sends plans concerning harassment of the Ottoman East. He states that the Georgians should move their forces in quickly to meet with Roman Forces and then push as deeply and widely as supply lines will let them then hold the ground they have gained until the Ottomans come knocking and continue to hold. Concerning their more southern front the Georgians should use the disunity of the Ottoman vassals armies to divide and conquer their forces. To the other members he sends general plans, including an offer to transport forces with the Venetian fleet to assist across a variety of fronts.
    • In Porto Tolle: Potensa Antonio leaves Porto Tolle to join the forces invading the Ottoman lands. Meanwhile, the inhabitants of Porto Tolle get a break from the Drowning.
    • In Istra: The new Potensa raises a force of Mercenaries and sends them to Naxos to meet with the main Venetian force.
    • In Scutari: The forces of Scutari are divided in half and 250 men are sent to move against Ottoman supply lines in Albania.
    • In the Epirote Free Ports: The ports all band together to hire 1000 men to march with the forces of Epirus into Ottoman Albania.
    • In the Peloponnese: With Barbus returned, upon hearing of the declaration of war, he raises a force of 500 men and marches to meet with Venetian and Roman Greek forces.
    • In Attica: The raised levies are taken north before they are disbanded to meet with the Venetian and Roman Greek forces.
    • In Morocco: The Venetian forces in Morocco stay in order to maintain stability. Meanwhile, slaves are sold to send funds to the war effort. War-turn
  • Epirote Republic: As the Doge of Epirus, Dragano declares war on the Epirote behalf as well. The Epirote Army meets up with the forces from the Free Ports and launches an attack into Ottoman Albania, aiming to meet up with Albanian rebels and focus their efforts to defeat the Ottoman forces.War-turn
  • Venetian Empire:
    • In the Province of Aegina: Conte Uberto sends several officers of the guard to assist in the co-ordination of efforts against the Ottomans.
    • In the Free Port of Athens: Superpotensa Oliverio raises levies and sends them and the Athenian fleet to assist in the fight against the Ottomans.
    • In the Province of Candia: the Conte raises levies and sends them with the Canadian fleet to assist in the fight against the Ottomans.
    • In the Corfiot Protectorate: the Red Army of Corf is ordered to assist Venice in the war against the Ottomans, reports arrive back in Corfu talking of great victories won against the Ottoman forces caught unawares.
    • In the Province of Kaffa: the Conte sends the Kaffan fleet to assist the Venetians in the war, they head to Constantinople to defend it against blockade, some ships remain in case the Ottomans declare war against Kaffa.
    • In the Naxian Protectorate: Venice operates from the city of Naxos, using it as their base of operations in their war against the Ottomans. The Naxian fleet is dedicated to the fight, but is largely used to maintain communication.
    • In the Province of Negroponte: Conte Rizardo sends his son to command the Negropontean levies in the war against the Ottomans. The Negropontean forces head to meet with Venetian and Roman Greek forces.
    • In the Free Port of Ragusa: With 1150 men in the Black Guard and 800 of these in Naxos. The Superpotensa dedicates another 200 to the forces in Albania. The 800 in Naxos are in the head of the invasion, and report that their method of using the pike in close formations under arrow covering fire has good effect in wearing down enemy forces.
    • In the Province of Valona: The nobles lead forces to meet up with the Epirote Army and march with them into Albania.
  • The United Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia (Romania): The young Prince, now 16, raises the army together. The cause for this lies to the south. “Bulgaria,” says the prince, “belongs to the people of Romania now!” and with this his army of over 55,000 crosses the Danube. The fleet is deployed to assist the Romans and cut off trade to the Ottoman Empire. After the famed speech many citizens begin to refer to themselves as citizens of Romania, which prompts Radu I to change the name of his nation to Romania. (War declared on Ottoman Empire)
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow (and Lithuania): War is declared on the Ottoman Empire to support our allies of Venice and Romania. Our fleet is deployed and lands troops at the Danube to assist the Romanian forces in Bulgaria. Lithuanian troops move in to assist from the north in order to ensure victory for the Romanian forces. About 20,000 warriors from the east are sent and 15,000 more from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania of Lithuania. The Imperial Muscovite Navy has been sent to assist the Venetian fleet to ensure a decisive naval presence in the Black Sea. Another 10,000 troops are deployed onto Ottoman territory by the sea to assist the Venetian forces. Military development continues.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: Construction of the Lüneburg University continues. Relieved the Dutch War for Independence is over at last, Hamburg trades heavily with the newfound Kingdom. One day, Duke William calls in his advisors, and proposes continuing the Hamburg-Copenhagen road to Ludwigsburg, then stretching to Landshut. Bavaria and Hesse are extended the offer. Upon hearing of declarations of war on the Ottoman Empire, Hamburg sends supplies to aid the belligerents, remarking "Muslims have no place on European soil". Lippe and Bruchhausen expand their economies. In Hamburg's first census, the population is counted as 752,613 citizens, with about 45% adhering to the Dutch Reform Church.
    • Bavarian Dip: Albert II accepts the offer to extend the road to Bavaria, noting it could fuel commerce and the settlement of new towns.
  • France: military and economy are built up and the preparation for a better war machinery begins, on a side note, Italian settlers from northern regions such as Milan and Venice are brought to the kingdom in order to populate some regions and to increase the population in the regions. The vassalization of Armagnac is complete. We continue the vassalage of Brittany. Navy expands.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up.
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up.
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up.
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up.
    • Foix Dip: We ask if we can buy Armagnac from you and Albert.
    • you can only expand one category per turn SwankyJ (talk) 14:09, March 24, 2014 (UTC)
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Albert and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1450 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1450, Albert II commissions three cogs to sail around nearby Mediterranean coasts. The planned market center in Landshut continues to attract regional traders. In religious news, the country begins converting to the Western Netherlander church. By the end of this year, around 70% of the country adheres to the Western Church in Holland. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Unfortunately, Heinrich von Wasserburg is not re-elected to the chancellery of the German Union, but never-the-less earns himself a spot on the Grand Council. Albert II graciously accepts Robert of Anjou-Durazzo as a husband for the young, sixteen year old Eleanor. In other news, Princess Jacqueline gravely injures herself whilst playing in Landshut.


    • Munchen: The main campus of Queen Isabell University is completed and the beginning courses include French, Latin, English, and Greek as well as theology, clergy training and mathematics being taught. By 1450, the total class amounts to about 1900 people. Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Munchen as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Straubing as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Ingolstadt as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. 
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. The Catholic clergy of Wurzburg become restless when learning they are now vassals of Grand Duke Albert of Bavaria and his Western Church. However, as Albert begins tolerating the Catholics, the Wurzburg clergy seem to calm down.
  • Chiribaya: We expand another 20 km southeast.
  • Portugal continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers start to follow the Castilian example and start to explore the African coast. São Miguel and Santa Maria continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the colony of Açores expands 200 sq km into the two recently-discovered islands, with settling starting there. Other two islands are discovered in the area of Terceira, but those still don't have names for now.
  • County of Oldenburg: The OHG whaling fleet sets off with more than usual fanfare this year, as one ship carries very precious cargo: five intrepid families, eight sheep, eight pigs, three goats, seeds, tools and one very chuffed Governor Kestner; all of which are headed for Neu Baltrum. The fleet arrives after a few weeks sailing, and weighs anchor on the island. The now-governor Kestner reads out Count Dietrich's proclamation of the year before, accepting Neu Baltrum as a crown colony of Oldenburg, as well as reading out his commission as governor. The crews of all the whaling ships get to work building a small settlement for the five families. By the end of the whaling season, four cottages, one "Gubernatorial Residence" (a slightly larger cottage), one small barn and one warehouse make up the hamlet known as Waldorf (Whale village). The whaling fleet, having missed their prey, sail back to Oldenburg empty-handed, but for the knowledge that next year they will have two bases of operations. The OHG's profits this year slump dramatically, but Count Dietrich stops their taxes for the year in recognition of their service in starting the settlement. The excitement of the "colony" causes a great deal of interest in whaling, and a small "navigational school" opens up near the main port. And that's the news from Oldenburg, where all the women are strong, all the men are good looking and none of the children are above average.
    • 'Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: All the parishes are now under priestly oversight, completing the Bishop's "theocracy-ification" of his domain. His Grace, tiring of Sedevacantisms seeming lack of support outside Oldenburg's sphere, sends "missionaries" to his neighbour in Munster to try to convince their bishop to become Sedevacantist (mod response?). Meanwhile, the Order of the Seraphim expands, with ten new brothers taking their oaths. All members continue learning both normal monastic things as well as swordplay and other fighting skills. The militia also expands a smidge. 
    • Mod Response: They reject the offer. 
  • Koryak Confederacy: The Confederacy expands its military, constructing still more new ships. A dedicated group of marines is created for sea battles.  A dissident Buddhist monk combines elements of Buddhism and shamanism to create an entirely new set of beliefs he refers to as Qamism, similar to Japanese Shinto. The combination of these elements makes it extremely popular both with commoners and nobles, and thousands begin to adopt it. The temple under construction is changed to a Qamist one as several council members adopt the new religion. The trading port on Kodiak Island proves highly profitable and is fortified, although several farms are also constructed. A port is again requested on the Manchurian coast from a Jurchen chieftain in return for trade and supplies. Mod Response needed
  • Chukchis: Repair infrastructure.
  • Kolmya Evenks: Continue to re-organize and re-integrate the military.
  • Foix: We build up our military. The economy expands due to our new banking system. Trade is going well with France.
    • Andorra: We build up our military and economy. 
  • Ming Empire: The Zhengtong Emperor is incapacitated by a mystery illness, thus prompting his younger brother to take the throne. With a more landward approach, the new Jingtai Emperor continues to develop the north with several bridges started across the Huang He. Work on the military is conducted with longer range artillery being developed to launch metal orbs stuffed full of gunpowder. Numerous workers on the artillery project die but development proceeds smoothly. Chinese influence continues to cover much of East Asia and South East Asia with the Thai Kingdoms being presented with gifts and shows of Chinese strength. The Ming Dynasty continues to influence the fragmented Khmer Kingdom with the intentions of establishing an outpost on the Gulf of Thailand. Relations with Ryukyu, the Japanese Emperor, the Kyushu Daimyos. Lao Xing, Korea, Haixi and Tainan continue economic development. The Jingtai Emperor attacks Pegu with Thai help. Ayutthaya is promised Sukhotthai lands while China seeks Pegu's riches. Lao Xing joins the attack. Aid is asked of Bengal with some of Pegu's coastal lands on offer should the coalition achieve victory. . 
  • Koryak Dip. The Koryak Confederacy queries if China would be opposed to them acquiring a port on the Manchurian coast, with military force if necessary.
  • Oyo Empire: With the nation's interior secure and politically, socially and economically stable, Alaafin Akitunde decides to transfer the vast resources of Oyo into a new plan for the future. He as well as his people decide to turn to the seas for their future. Oyo decides that so long as the tribes around them as extremely hostile, it it to dangerous to expand inland. Noting the the war canoes, though large and spacious and allowing for long distance travel, it can only go as far as its men can row physically. Because of this, the men tire out quickly, and need to land routinely to rest and forage for food. Thus, travel beyond the shores of Oyo are need impossible. However, Oyo merchants who have been to North Africa and Europe tell of great ships which travel the seas with large pieces of cloth attached to them. Speaking to some of the sailors, these merchants were told that these were called "sails" which harnessed the power of wind to move the ships. Oyo's great thinkers thus begin experimenting with different types of cloth and techniques to produce their own sails, and hopefully permit to to move on to the seas to get around their hostile neighbors. Currently, the Oyo test silk, cotton, hemp, and flax, to see which is the best for the sails they seek to build. Though the Oyo have much experience navigating on the large inland lakes and vast rivers of Nigeria, these ships are something much grander to build. Calling upon their centuries of shipbuilding experience, the Oyo seek to build something bigger than their 100 foot long war canoes, which rivaled even the longships of the Europeans in size. Especially so is the Oyo desire to succeed when they hear of ships of the same size which only had sails, were able to travel great distances without tiring out the men. Thus, with only a sail on a war canoe, the Oyo could travel many times farther away from Oyo, a testament to the power of wind and sail. Oyo expands its military, economy, and infrastructure as well. The census is held for 1450, and a total of 8,725,695 citizens are counted, along with a military force of 25,700 warriors, with another 350,000 that could be mobilized for war. A force of a hundred war canoes exist, and are located on the major rivers in Oyo's territory, the largest and most important being the Niger River.
    • Since it is universally accepted that Oyo has no ships because they're apparently too stupid to have them, I'm starting from scratch. Just retcon the previous stuff at your leisure. Oh, and thank you for giving my people the rationale needed to turn to the ocean for their future. Threat of violence as opposed to potential for wealth is a much greater motivation to become seafarers. ~Viva
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite does its job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. The merchants that continually travel between Kohm, Aoch and Ava continue to allow for some of the populations of those nations to continue to convert to Islam. Due to trade with China and other Middle Eastern nations, cannon and hand cannon designs become more common, leading most of the landed elite to continue to outfit their levies with cannons and hand cannons. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. Thanks to the central road between the different parts of Bengal, the Sultan is able to send out a message to all parts of the Sultanate in order to quell the Buddhist uprisings. "Why must we fight amongst ourselves when our enemy that wishes to enforce its genocidal rule upon us is waiting at our border for such a moment as this. We are not enemies, Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism. Rather, we are allies, we are a people united by our Indian heritage. I wish not that we fight against our brothers, but rather we stand shoulder to shoulder to surmount the beast that stands before us."
    • Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslims settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. However, recently, Bhandudeva IV has come under attack from a bout of fever and is bedridden. Bhandudeva is still bedridden and has barely moved in a couple years. He is not expected to live through the year.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom declares himself to be King of Assam, also called Kamarupa in this time since he now controls his grandson's lands which were the Maharaja of Koch.
  • Ica-Nazca: We improve our infrastructure and military. We continue to combine the Chimor culture with our own.
    • Chancay (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand our military and economy and send military to Ica-Nazca.
  • Eire: A disease strikes traders in Oyo. We end trade with them. Nationalization and centralization of Eire continues. Some of the war-torn communities on the southeastern coast turn to fishing heavily to feed their people. After years of northern expansion into Mayo, we reach the northern coast. Tales of Eire become popular reading amongst monks and nobles, and it spreads across the Irish Sea to parts of Britain.  Thomas II is betrothed to an Ulsterian princess, cementing the marriage. Roads begin to be constructed, hopefully eventually linking the Munsterian towns with the Ulsterian towns. Tales of the western isle of Hy-Brasil become popular amongst the merchants and nobility, and some wonder if a voyage to that realm can be done, citing the possible presence of brazilwood. We continue vassalizing Silgo. A man who is messing with a mixture of saltpetre, sulfur and charcoal dies in a tragic accident that claims half of his village. Tensions build up along the border with Thomond, which is the only fully independent state in Ireland and wishes to remain so. (Mil-Turn)
    • Leinster: Leinster rebuilds after the civil war. D'Arcy's cronies are executed, and a pro-Munster government is instated, under Thomas II, son of King Eamon. Leinster rejoins the Confederation of Ireland, and joins the United Kingdoms of Greater Albion. The trade that has been so instrumental in improving Munster continues to spread to Leinster. (Eco-Turn)
      1450 Pskov-Prussia PM3

      The Area in orange is asked from Prussia, in darker Light blue from Novgorod

  • The Pskovians learn, through trial and error, that the ideal composition for making their own gunpowder is charcoal, sulfur and saltpetre. With this knowledge, and designs taken from Dutch drawings, the Russians make their first muskets, and a large cannon is presented to the Veche, and the gunsmith gains attention. Pskov starts producing enough to arm the city walls (no space uncannoned). Meanwhile, the matchlock muskets are seen as a curiosity, and it is decided that a few of the Prince's Personal guard shall have some. With more news coming from the Netherlands about their usefulness, plans to arm the Pskovian army, a meager 7500 soldiers, all with muskets, comes into effect and the Veche sanctions this use of government money, in what is known as the "Streltsy act", to create a small contingent of "special forces" known as the Streltsy, of about 1000 individuals to act as the Prince of Pskov's personal garrison. The Pskovian Renaissance continues, with the medical advances brought from Arabia heightening the life expectancy, and thus making Pskov experience a small population spurt especially with all things going well in the trade department. Pskov starts producing gunpowder, and quickly want to learn the origin of this substance, and people are set to work translating Arabian books and printing them to try to figure this riddle out ... in any case, emissaries are once again sent to Poland, where, after many years of convincing and pressure, with the local population, via trade with the Russian states starting to use the zolotnik currencies, finally decide to make the zolotnik the official currency throughout the Polish realm, where it is to be called the zolty, rubil and grzywna - different names, same currencies. The Flag of the Pskovian emissary is now to have a permanent place in Krakow and Warsaw, where the two mints are to be set up and set up a mint subservient to the mint of the Pskovian treasury, to ensure consistency. Also, they unofficially adopt the weights and measures system used throughout Pskov. Emissaries are sent to Prussia and Novgorod about possible sales of land, detailed in the map, for certain sums of money, to Prussia 200 zolotniks to Prussia, and 400 to Novgorod for the land.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy continues a larger process of pulling in more money through trade. The Castilians begin to send missionaries into Morocco in hopes of converting populations. The infrastructure of Castile is also expanded more. Castile, in order to facilitate more conversions to Christianity, imposes higher taxes on non-Christians in the areas it controls personally or by proxy through its vassals. Castile has successfully mapped large parts of the African coast south of Morocco and down as far as their settlements in Capo Verde. The developing class in Castile of skilled artisans, merchants, blacksmiths and the like has led to a large increase in productivity of the country with even a few researchers managing to work on new designs - including a more efficient hand cannon which gets its own dedicated corps in the developing Royal army of Castile. The Castilian nobility begins to adapt toward a newer system to revamp or work on their power as they move toward becoming advisors to the king and less involved in their feudal estates which while growing have developed Guilds to facilitate payments for the efforts of the men working, The expert workmanship of many of these men has seen notable increase in productivity for each feudal state with most lords not complaining. The Kingdom's cities begin to be improved with somewhat better sanitation and the King hires architects to plan out a sewer system, as well as a true plan for multiple major cities. Castile begins a major process of researching the arquebus acquired and develops its own version which is used to replace the hand cannons which is finally finished. The Castilian navy, using the Canaries as a base, continually explore the area and discover a new island chain, the closest island is able to be settled and a small settlement springs up on the islands and is built up and styled as a resupply base. Capo Verde now fully settled is continually built up to accommodate Castile's military, navy and exploratory fleets The construction of a new kind of warship with cannons is completed - a heavy warship much more powerful than most other ships of the time. The King notices the heavily increased productivity and income flow due to his hands off policy and non-interference and begins to allow artists, minstrels and other artistic and scientific minds to become more prevalent in Castile, many believe the Castilian Renaissance is imminent. Castile, due to its naval range, high income, extensive and dominant trade network, becomes one of the largest and most dynamic trade empires of the Atlantic and Western Mediterranean. The Castilian navy with its new heavy warships and some new updated designs for older ships organizes a heavy royal fleet phasing out past organizations. The Royal army of Castile has now almost wholly replaced the previous feudalistic military forces and has a size of nearly 50,000 and growing thanks in part to the good funding being provided by the king. In order to make up for lost power the King as behest of his new wife, and several of his friends who are nobles create a king's advisory council which officially has the power of the king in many matters if authorized. The men are also given station to criticize the kings actions to keep him from going crazy with power. The Knights Hospitaller are moved more into Castile with their professional fighting strength and religious zeal used to patrol the borders of Castile's Gibraltar province. The Knights are also given the authority to police the majority Christian Tangiers now, and effectively prevent many Muslims from coming over the border to wreak havoc. Castile begins considering opening up talks to relieve Granada of a primarily Christian province and a possible problem in the future for the country and giving it to the Knights Hospitaller to set up a kingdom or set up their organization in the area. King John secretly does this with the willing knights who have left Cyprus to prevent channeling their religious zeal into border patrolling. Castile's navy, now heavily funded and expanded greatly, reaches a large amount of combat and tradeworthy ships and with its trade from Oyo, and various supply bases establishes military and trade dominance over the West African areas as well as its locality in the Mediterranean. The Castilian trade dominance in West Africa remains unbudged as Castile directly owns and has the majority of the gold and ivory trades coming out of West and North Africa. Castile's population reaches around 4.9 million and growing. (I have been focusing heavily on growth of population and have not been involved in nearly the amount of destructive wars as OTL Castile has been). The Castilian Renaissance reaches its full swing with art and scientific advancement being allowed by the State as many of the religious fanatics and dissidents are fighting in Morocco, along with this, the highly respected middle and artisan classes are able to afford a much better living with various artists painting great works and with one even gaining an audience with the royal family for a painting. The Castilian navy reaches a large force of nearly 550 ships using the huge funding from Castile's conquests, trading, and other situation to fund this navy.  Castile begins looking for betrothals to Prince Henry, Prince Carlos and Princess Maria with Princess Elenor being reserved for Italy's heir to officially solidify Castile and Italy's full dynastic union (between you giving me your daughter and me giving you mine our dynasties will be the same). The technology of the Castilian navy is improved heavily as the king begins to focus more on the quality of his ships rather than the quantity. The exploration continues just below the Kongo as the Castilian exploration parties manage to gather supplies from the Kongo's friendlier tribes. These exploratory parties have reached OTL Angola and a little bit further south but supply constraints and lack of knowledge of the area prevents further progress. Castile begins sending missionaries to the Kongo to convert the Friendlier tribes. Castile continues to convert to the western church with the king and his royal family attempting to preach about the new church and its benefits to the common man and not keeping them in the dark. This continued outright preaching causes an issue as a secret assassin attempts to kill King John of Castile. However, in a show of expert agility and swordsmanship in his old age allows the king to Not only disarm the assailant but capture him. The Royal Guard unmasks the man as a Castilian noble who before being executed leads on that a small group of nobles are plotting against the king and his family. This, however, leaves the remaining nobles scared as King John using personally loyal advisors and troops to begin a series of inquiries and investigations. To protect the kingdom from a possible issue he also begins to deploy the royal army in an attempt to prevent a major rebellion. This is largely successful as King John confirms the loyalty of various generals and nobleman this way but manages to gather a list of men who he believes are plotting against him. With this he also reconfirms the loyalties of his subjects. The Castilian navy with new ships replacing the old ones begins military drills for preparedness and experience.
    • Granada: The Christianization of Granada continues in earnest with a more sizable converted population working its way through the country. The Emir, however, remains secretly Christian and begins hiring a few Castilian advisors who are wholly more competent than many of the Granadan advisors. The country also begins to see same issues with its settlement in Morocco with many of them being Christian Castilians or converts. The Granadans continue to show more Christianization processes occurring with a viable expanding population of Christians living in the core towns cities. The country begins to show promising signs of real economic advancement. The population of true Castilians in the country begins to increase to rival the native Granadans as many of the Muslims have left the area due to the unfavorable atmosphere of the country. The Nation of Granada has now Christianized somewhat considerably with a real large minority of Christians existing within the country's borders. The Granadan people now seem to look at their secular society as less of a Muslim one and more of a religiously neutral state. The Term Emirate is dropped and is renamed a Principality with the official name being the Principality of Granada. Some Muslim zealots turn out to protest this but the Emir - Now Prince of Granada - manages to quell the zealots with quick timing by his troops. The relative unrest in the country continues to die down as the majority of the soldiers of Granada now Christian, or even corrupted Muslims (by the bounties of their conquests abroad) continue to obey the Prince of Granada with unshaken loyalty.  The states Christians are all mostly declared to be Western Catholics showing a large population of these converts than previously thought in the Iberian peninsula. The Prince of Granada (no longer an Emir) sends his condolences to King John for the situation and reaffirms his support for him.
    • Kingdom of the Canaries: Now granted a semi-autonomous status from Castile, the Canaries begin to work up their economy to a certain degree greatly utilizing the traders from Portugal as well as the new route to Oyo, and the trade from the Mediterranean. The Canaries are able to build upon the multiple viable settlements and a moderately sized and growing population. The Canaries, finally completely covering the islands, begins to send moderately sized fleets that are resupplied from the islands and from Castile to continually explore the area. The Canaries help supply settlers and fleets moving to Capo Verde. The governor reaffirms his support for King John.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: King Matthias of Cyprus has twin sons, both of which are sent to Castile for tutoring until they are old enough. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller West to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. King Matthias is killed in religious riots in Cyprus leaving his highly capable son in charge. This new King Fernando a half Cypriot, half Castilian man reigns in the riots relatively quickly and with decisive action solves their issue. The King himself being from some of the Western Catholic Sect has openly converted and challenges the conspirators of the riots to try again and see what happens. When another riot is organized in later months the King himself leads the Cypriot army and police and seizes the ring leaders preventing further rioting. This King swears his loyalty to King John and his mother's homeland of Castile.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The less fortunate and dis-enfranchized are converted. The Kingdom itself is a Christian kingdom with a similar situation of early Castile and Aragon, with large amounts of Muslims and a small amount of Christians. However, the Christian community in Morocco is expanded thanks to the influx of traders and settlers from Castile and some other immigrants looking for an opportunity to live a new life here. The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area.  The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable amount of Castilians settle the area. While Christians remain the minority the kingdom of Morocco sets up various churches and allows preachers to roam around and convert people. The Kingdom begins to push toward integration of the city of Tangiers into the kingdom. This would give the Kingdom two important cities. Heavy taxes are imposed on Muslim traders in order to facilitate conversions to Christianity while lower more friendly taxes are given to Christian merchants. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The Country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Knights Hospitaller finally calm down from their overly religious conquest and begin to allow effective administration of the country. This is due in part to their losses and their lack of adaptation to Castile's budding new national religion. The Kingdom itself shows a relative increase in tensions with the remainder of Morocco due to border issues. This may indeed escalate into a full scale war due to issues stemming between the new Christian kingdoms continued push for legitimacy in the Christian world. Prince Adelmo the leader of Morocco previously very shadowy makes a public statement reaffirming his support for King John. The Knights Hospitaller in the country begin to die off due to old age, lack of Recruitment and the very dangerous border raids and Muslim village raids they conduct bringing their numbers to barely 1000. The Kingdoms army proper raised by immigrant Christians now numbers about 3000 itself and is expected to grow.
    • Feud, we just had an argument about this. You can only expand one category per turn, yet you expanded three. SwankyJ (talk) 14:09, March 24, 2014 (UTC)
  • The Jochid Ulus continues to grow in land, expanding by 1500 sq km. However, this expansion is not held by the government, but rather by affluent traders, most notably the Mordvin Obrash family and the Tatar al-Tarashy family. The government, instead, focuses on the military and economy; the infantry corps is expanded, and some are given hand gonnes. The Ulus also looks to acquire the first large-scale bombards; delegates are sent to several European and Middle Eastern courts, asking to purchase them. The cities of Obran-Osh, Qazan, Donets'k and Yoshkar-ola, as well as Naryana'mar, are fortified, in the west of the nation; to the east, Baljash also is fortified. The economy blooms due to this military expansion; the amount of blacksmiths and soldiers increases, which leads to increased spending. This, combined with extremely large harvests which are stored in the cities, leads to a bloom of the economy. More Tatars, Volga Finns and Assyrians move to Ruthenia, which is now about 35% Tatar, with an additional 20% belonging to other linguistic groups in the area. The influencing of the Chagatai continues, with supporters of Jochid rule being increasingly seen in the northwestern edge of the nation, especially the city of Astana and the trade stop of Bishkek. This influence begins to be centred in this area, although the government is still influenced by the Ulus. Diplomats are sent to the Timurid Empire and the Oirat Horde, seeking for a peaceful resolution to the Chagatai issue. Talk of adopting the Pskovian zolotnik begin. The Mastorava greatly expands through the territory of the Horde, although the capacity of copying of books restricts its growth. Some burghers begin to take interest on Venetian books and the capacity of the Venetians to print, thus allowing for more production of knowledge. This begins to interest the government and the burghers, who begin to research the printing press.
  • Great Perm continues to adopt the zolotnik, planning to make it official currency of the nation two years from now, in 1451. With the death of the Prince of Great Perm, several Permian nobles send word to the Khan, to ask them who their new ruler should be. The khan, apathetic to who exactly governs Perm, as long as he is loyal, convokes a meeting representing the people of Perm divided in four estates; nobility, clergy, burghers and landowners. They elect Stephen-Gajzer, a wealthy man (both a burgher and a landowner), as Prince of Great Perm. The economy blooms in this period, as Perm continues to expand its trading power. The military also begins to be expanded once again. People in Muscovy and Novgorod are secretly taught Komi by Permian merchants, but neither the government of Perm nor that of the Golden Horde know this.
    • Adyghea stops expansion, as the borders that Prince Ars'lan decreed have been achieved at last. In the same year, the Prince dies of a sudden illness, and his eldest grandson, Kazbech, succeeds to the throne. The economy grows quite quickly, as people continue moving to the cities and farming grows.
  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The relation with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continue to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc. The policy of rapprochement toward Sicily continue, and also our influence on the island for future vassalization. The control of the plague effects improve, and the population grows.
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continue. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies; is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy in one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continue the loyal service to Italy.
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles.
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom.
    • Vatican City: Pope Pius III continue the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope, like his predecessor, condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The Pope in his speeches also continues condemning the current lack of security of pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, which the Christian nations have a priority to recover these places and they are missing to the will of God. The Pope invite the Patriarch of Constantinople to visit Rome and discuss the union of the church in this Council.
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve.
  • Ottoman Empire: The Sultan is shocked and furious that his former allies have betrayed him, and use all the military might the Empire can foster to defend itself from "the evil infidels". In response, the Sultan sends his best fleets to the straight of Dardanelles to blockade any ships trying to get to Constantinople. While the straights are blocked, the Sultan begins to attack the Roman states in the east. Meanwhile, less attention is paid to the Albanians, while troops scatter to defend the borders around them. The Sultan also calls upon its Muslim allies (the Timurids, the Golden Horde, and the Mamluks) to send whatever aid it can to defend Arabia from the heathens, who would not think twice about caving out other Crusader states from these holy Muslim lands in the Peninsula (e.g., Jerusalem).
  • Timurid Empire: As we carry on the Islamization of our vassals, we use our new trade routes through the Chagatai Khanate in order to further strengthen the trade routes connecting the East and the West, and continue influencing them. Due to the now 21 years of influencing the Chagatai Khanate, the Timurid Empire largely influences the south-western and parts of the western Chagatai Khanate, whilst the other areas are divided among the Oirats influence and the Jochid Ulus' influence. (Year 22 out of 17 + extra years because of different people influencing). Although with the resisted vassalization, the Timurid Empire continues to try to attempt a peaceful vassalization, before making any rash decisions. The paper factories flourish. As our land travel progresses, we also work on our navy, and new shipyards are being built alongside river deltas, expanding our economy, and increasing our naval size/capacity. As our explorers progress through the lands, we await for news, and one messenger does arrive from the Mameluke Sultanate stating that their search has been nearly useless. Junayd barely survives the assassination attempt and rumours are to be heard about Ghiyath Al-Din being the one who sent the assassin. This increases tension in the Western Timurid Empire. These tensions corelate with a drought in the West causing famine while there are bountiful harvests on the east due to the work on indian ricefields.
    • Jaunpur Sultanate: The Islamization in our nation continues as the influence of the Timurid culture continues, and our nation prospers due to the trade agreements. The economy is expanded due to trade. 
    • Timurid diplomacy to Tibet: We once again request trade rights with Tibet.
    • Timurid diplomacy to Jochid Ulus: We accept a peaceful resolution to the Chagatai issue.
    • Tibet Dip: Tibet stops all trade with Timurid.
  • Prussia: The Prussians continue to convert to the Western Church. The Prussians begin to build their army.
    • Masovia: The Kingdom of Masovia also continues recovering their economy and continues building a new national army. The Masovians continue construction of their capital at Czersk. The Masovians also continue converting to the Western Church.
    • Pomerania: The Pomeranians continue building their economy and continue building a new national army. The Pomeranians also continue converting to the Western Church.
    • Courland: The Curonians also begin developing their economy and military. The Curonians also begin converting to the Western Church.
  • Kingdom of Georgia: In response to the Venetians' call for assistance, Mepe Alexandre of Georgia declares war on the Ottoman EmpireArmenia and Assyria join the war in full, while Rani and Amier-Kavkasia send only military aid. In total, 48,000 troops from the various states of the Georgian coalition march into eastern Anatolia, while the remaining 22,000 defend the Caucasian core lands. While the Assyrian and Armenian contingents swing south and attack the lands of the Black Sheep, the Georgian forces march through Roman Trabzon and invade Erzincan. Mepe Alexandre publicly declares that all lands captured by Georgia in this campaign shall be used for the resettlement of the growing Coptic population in the Caucasian Orthodox Kingdoms. Additionally, the coalition forces receive explicit orders - co-signed by all major leaders of the Orthodox confederation - instructing them not to advance beyond the borders of Erzincan and the Black Sheep Turks.
  • Cahokia: This is getting a little ridiculous, could whoever does the map updates please add my updates? Since I took over Cahokia, my border changes have not been reflected at all on the map. Also, OTL Key West Florida is colored for Cahokia, is this a mistake or do I currently control it? I've also just realized that I have geographically mixed up Cahokia and Moundville, so all previous statements about the two can be thought to be switched. Sorry! The central Cahokian government now has complete control of the entire empire following its temporay collapse. With a solid infrastructure in place, Rektaw the Proud is now free to move onto the most pressing issues of the Empire, namely expansion and scouting. Cahokia continues to produce a large sum of food for the empire. A focus upon the now growing fishing industry in OTL Lake Michigan has proven fruitful through its increasing efficiency. Fishing vessels are growing in size and sturdiness to a point where fishermen are braving deeper waters and moving more freely in and around OTL Lake Michigan. Timber from new found forests in Etowah is sent to Cahokia to satisfy its increasing needs and in exchange a relatively large amount of food is sent back to the Etowan elite in order to keep a good inter-vassal relationship. Fishermen expand Cahokia's borders 5 pixels up each shoreline of OTL Lake Michigan.
    • Moundville: (Vassal of Cahokia): Moundville continues its bi-lateral expansion campaign (15 px) to the east and south west, utlizing the newly armoured field infantry and fast moving scout regiments.
    • Etowah: (Vassal of Cahokia): Establishing itself as the sole provider of timber throughout the vassal states, Etowah re-inforces the aggressive expansion with more permanent settlements than temporary camps. The massive increase in economic value of the industry attracts many from outlying regions, namely Cahokia. The shift in population re-inforces these new settlements. Focus is centered on infrastructure and economy.
    • Parkin (Vassal of Cahokia): The Totonac tribes proove to give little overall resistance but provide a formidable test for the new light armoured scout regiment, now called the "Nac". The Nac are a popular figure in Cahokian society, revered as the best of the best in the Cahokian military. As a result, volunteer sign up rates are at a record high. Parkin focuses on military and expansion (10 px) to the west.
  • UNC: The UNC expands its military, especially its navy. The defense grid in the North Sea is expanded while the offensive potential of the navy increases as well. Eighteen karaks are produced this year with many more on the way. The vassals and their militaries also expand, though the vassals mainly increase their armies rather than their navies. All nations in the UNC work on updating the military with firearms. Charles VIII takes a tour of Denmark, Sweden and Norway upon his coronation. He works on ensuring that bullshit crises such as what happened in the early parts of the 15th century do not happen again. He intends to enact policies to bring Denmark and Norway together with Sweden. While Norway is compliant with these policies, the Danes are much more resistant to the cultural changes brought on by the Swedes. Several karaks begin exploring Iceland and a bit of Greenland. The operations in Greenland officially become a settlement located on the southern tip of Greenland.
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows, increasing our military capabilities in case of war. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. We are producing our new crossbow, and we send the first 50 crossbows to Mecklenburg to test out and the other 250 to test in our nation. We expand north 5528 sq km (by 80 pixels) into undiscovered land. The recent classes of Koch ships are being manufactured in Novgorod. The town of St Patriksburg’s population grows a bit more that last year. As the construction of the town improves, the Kremlin finishes, trade becoming more in demand, the town gains slightly. Because of the trade road built with Tver our economy increases. We are still talking about the possible unification of the Rus’ with Muscovy. The Russian language is spreading throughout the nation. After seeing a great success with the private schools in the cities of Novgorod, St Patriksburg, Staraya Russa, and Nizhny Novgorod. We start building another private school in Rostov and Yaroslavl. We complete building private schools in Torzhok and a private school in Staraya Ladoga. In the year 1445, we will annex Rostov and Yaroslavl into Novgorod. We vassalized Tver, and we are looking to annex Rostov, Tver, and Yaroslavl in the far future. We want a non-aggression pact with UNC.
    • Tver: We complete the construction of the private school in Tver and we start the new one. We upgrade our military after being a vassal of Novgorod. We upgrade our economy because of the trade established between Yaroslavl, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod.
    • Yaroslavl: We complete the construction of the private school in Yaroslavl and we start the new one. We upgrade our military after being a vassal of Novgorod. We upgrade our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod.
    • Rostov: We completed the construction of the private school in Rostov and start the new one. We upgrade our military after being a vassal of Novgorod. We upgrade our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Yaroslavl, Muscovy and Novgorod.
  • Zapotec: Emperor Tlaco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan continues expanding into the surrounding city-states north along the gulf coast.
  • Roman Empire: Impressed with the personal character of Skanderbeg, and wanting to fight the Ottomans for a various number of reasons, the Empire declares war on the Ottoman Empire accordingly. Roman troops invade Thrace and Thessaly to put pressure on the Ottoman troops there, and Roman forces in Pontus link up with Georgian forces to harass the Ottomans and their vassals in that area. The Bosporus is closed to Ottoman shipping, and the Roman navy is sent to blockade the Dardenelles to prevent Ottoman troops from moving into Europe. Constantinople's defences are fully manned, and the city becomes a wartime capital. Despite this, the Khan's son continues his studies and prayer, although he is under increased guard due to his father's pro-Ottoman sympathies. In other news, the Patriarch of Constantinople Gregory III travels to Rome to hopefully complete the unification movement.
  • The Grand Sultanate of the Mashriq continues to complete Sultan Ahmed-ad-Din Yusuf's plan of uniting all of his holdings. Furusiyya and the Shura continue to redefine the role of the Mamluks and the military in general. Construction of the حديقة قصر, or Hadeekah Palace, continues on Gezira Island of Cairo. The construction continues to go along as anticipated, and many on their Hajj remark that the grandeur of the new structure rivals the Lighthouse at Alexandria. (Based on the OTL Topkapi Palace of the Ottomans) The Sultanate expands 2500 sq km underneath Cyrenaica. The new Assafi calendar continues to increase in popularity, especially in regions of trade and land near the Western World. Nubia continues to be integrated more and more, to prevent any future rebellions. Ahmed continues the growth of the navy's set of vessels, and the trading corporations continue with the wave of discoveries. STEC consolidates its trade grasp over Malagasy and the Swahili states, and sends supplies to Sanafah, which expands by 2500 sq km. Missionary efforts on Malagasy continue as well. Meanwhile, the IAFATM continues to influence Aceh, which is a semi-puppet state of the Mashriqi, making slow but steady progress. Education at all universities (Alexandria, Damascus and Baghdad) continues strongly, which breeds common language, common culture, and common literature. Trade with Oman and Yemen continues, as well as influence in Al-Sumal. Iritriya ​expands 5000 sq km, under Ethiopia. The Sultanate of Tunisia grows 5000 sq km under Cyrenaica to connect with the Mashriq. Influence over Gafsa and Zab continues. In Tunisia, most Christian influence is naturally supplanted by the influx of Assafi conversions. All Burji states grow their military.

  • Swiss Confederacy: Vassalization of the nations continue. Military troops continue to train.
  • Austria: We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port to respond to dangers in the area, and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren.  With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Ambrosius Federmann’s second expedition to West Africa is a success, with a trade post being established to trade with natives.  Initially the group has trouble cultivating plants, but with the help of the local Wolof, the settlement begins exploiting Fonio. Fishing is also undertaken at times. Deals are made with the Wolof for slaves and other goods, beginning a peaceful relationship. The trade posts at Abrechtburg and Dominusburg grow as trade becomes common in the area, attracting small amounts of settlers. Conversion of the natives begin around the settlement. Several bimereiches begin construction in Trieste to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. We ask Castile to remain neutral in the Netherlands’ conflict. We continue influencing our vassal states of Salzburg, Gorizia, Augsburg, Patria del Friuli, Chur, Württemberg, the Electorate of the Palatinate, Oettingen, Ulm, Cilli, Mainz, Hohenlohe, Strassburg, Metz, and others. We continue influencing Furstenburg, Konstanz, Kempten, and Magdeburg. We continue to improve relations with our Italian neighbors to the south. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria, as well as Venice, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. The formation and organization of the newly founded  kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine continues, proving to be a successful investment. We continue assimilating the population of Aquileia, which has become dependent on Austrian trade and support for its defense and prosperity. Military and economy of Austria and all vassals and subject nations expand. We join our allies in a war against the Ottoman Empire. Many peasants are persuaded to join the campaign with the pretext that this is a holy war, given the popularity of recent crusade publications. However, in reality this a purely political war between allies. Using the graciously donated naval assets of the Serene Republic of Venice, we send a small force to be used in the war.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund passes away surrounded by family in his bed at the ripe old age of 82. Almost unheard of, many wondered how Sigismund remained alive - and more importantly healthy - for such a long period of time. His son, also named Sigismund, takes the throne. He invites family members, such as Albert II, to attend the funeral of Sigismund. Prominent allies such as leaders of Byzantine, Venice and the UNC are also invited. For the funeral, it is decided that he will be cremated rather than buried, as per Sigismund's wishes. In accorance with them, dignitaries stand on the banks of the Danube while Sigismund is sent down the river in a small boat. His son fires a burning arrow and sets alight the boat, while it travels downstream. Many shread a tear as the remember the vivid life of Sigismund. Meanwhile, Sigismund is coronated and receives the crown of Hungary and Croatia. He announces he has organised all the lands and believes that a decent system of control is now in place over the nation. Stored grains are used when they are needed, and prove to be a winning system. Over the last fifteen years, 750 new ships have been produced by the Hungarian dockyards of Croatia, as the pace picks up and the money is put back into the navy and army. This was mainly due to the crown putting a large amount of peacetime money into the buildup of trade and military power. This also sees an increase in the construction of swords and shields for the soldiers. The generals finally complete their reorganisation of soldiers - very similar to what the Hollanders have done, giving them a large advantage on the field. Relations between Poland and Hungary are very warm, and the two nations train militarily together. To cement their relationship, Sigismund offers the hand of his eldest son to the eldest daughter of the current ruling monarch of Poland. Due to good relations, he agrees and the crowns of both nations begin the process of uniting. The marriage is held toward the end of the year, a few months after the funeral of Sigismund. A smaller number of dignitaries are invited for the wedding as the two wanted to make it as private as they could, considering they would still have a lot of people. A decent number of naval vessels patrolling the coast for an invasion, growing with more ships arriving from docks the fleet off the coast strengthens. Merchant ships now use Byzantine ports to trade and earn money in, helping expand the influence of Hungarian merchants. Trading with Zeta continues in earnest. The checkpoint castles are a great help in housing troops which are patrolling routes of both nations as well as wealthy and influential merchants and nobles travelling between the nations. Sigismund continues to send a large number of Ducats into the nation to keep the Poles on the route of upgrading their economy. He has joint army secessions for both nations as they practice with each other to learn each other's strengths and weaknesses. Diplomats successfully build more economic links and both nations increase the amount of trading done with each other as traders from both nations head into each other's nations. Large irrigation channels have been created by workers, helping to expand the regions of farmland under the control of the crown. The population has blossomed due to five decades of relative peace and due to this farmlands have had to be expanded for the people. Troop numbers with the Ottomans build up once more, as allies war with them. Sigismund holds another "council of esteemed nobles" due to the fact that the nation needs to decide whether to fight or let a golden opportunity pass. They decide to go to war with the nation, and bring it to its knees. Sigismund calls in his banners, and his nobles respond rapidly. Men are mobilised and a large force is readied to invade Serbia and the Ottoman Empire. Sigismund leads his personal force to the nobles who do not respond to the call in various locations and executes them, allocating their forces to loyal nobles. He asks his wife and daughters to take care of daily affairs along with members of the court. He leads the main force, while his son and new wife lead the smaller force which will look to take out allies of the Ottomans. It joins its allies as it declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • The Kingdom of Croatia continues to see a large trading boom occur within the nation as it becomes the gates of the Hungarian realms and helps to attract customers and merchants to the nation as well as Hungary. A large numbers of workers has meant that the ports now near completion and will be able to accommodate more traffic as well as build ships at a faster rate. The Venetian workshops continue to churn out ships for the Hungarian navy at a rapid rate. The workshops begin to look into larger and heavier vessels which will help project Hungarian power in a much stronger manner than currently possible. A tariff for merchants trading is also in place but it is put at favourable levels with none for the Venetians due to the new alliance between the states and the amount of trading between them. Venetian traders are a common sight in Croatian ports, helping to bring in much revenue. Sigismund calls in his banners and his nobles answer, leading their troops to the meeting points and joining him in his war.
  • In Garay, roads need to be remade due to their worsening condition and thus workers are drafted in to fix up the roads. Many nobles from Garay gain land and they use this land to help increase crop yields as well as the amount of trading ongoing between each of the nobles. The money is sent as taxes and used to upgrade the standings of the nobles themselves. Many men are also trained in military combat to make them more effective foot-soldiers. The nobles gather their men and set out to join the war for their king.
  • In Split, the nobles begin to work on creating standing armies to manage and controlling their lands. Castles continue being built in the vassal while many old ones are completely torn apart and their land allocated for peasants. The soldiers of the nobles who were executed are distributed between the present nobles and they quickly begin to adapt - training with their new fighting partners. The nation trains its knights hard and trains commoners too. The nobles gather their men and set out to join the war for their king.
  • Bosnia: also sees a lot of economic and military growth. The nation begins to organise its own soldiers under the command of nobles who take part in knight competitions to increase their skill set while readying forces in case they are called up to defend the lands. Sigismund marshalls his soldiers in the vassal, and using the deliberate gaps in the defensive fortifications with the Ottomans, leads his soldiers into battle - attacking the castles on the border - which he quickly overruns - and leading them into proper Ottoman Empire.
  • Banu Sulaym sees a lot of trading posts being set up while the Hungarian traders force the Emir of the nation to make it more tolerant so trading can occur easier and the people can live better lives. Many Muslims feel this is not good, but none can complain as soon as the ports begin to bustle with merchants who are buying and selling goods at a rapid rate. The vassal begins to develop economically. The nation continues to grow in trading and it opens new ports. Many begin to think that expanding inward could also be a good idea as it would help make the borders safer. The Emir finally agrees to it after building up resources for it. The nation expands 10,000 km inland.
  • Colorado Confederation: With the rising concerns of a full scale war between towns and nomads citizens  it is decided to have a peace meeting between the two parties with the nomads arguing for greater autonomy and the towns requesting that trade routes will be cleared out. After much debate, it is decided that the nomads should be given greater autonomy in return for repairing of trade routes. With this agreement in the city of Kim the citizens celebrate that there has been peace in our time and chief A-Keh is realived. There is, however, the problem of the towns increasingly wanting to be more autonomous. With peace being achieved  Centralization and economic expansion resume. 
  • Tibet: Tibet continues to influence Lanna.  Tibet continues to influence Pegu and sends merchants from the Royal Tibetan Trading Company to Pegu with goods from all over Tibet. Tibet annexes the Confederation of Shan States.
    • Chutiya: More people convert from animism and Theravada Buddhism to bön. Economy is expanded.
    • Taungoo: Taungoo begins to get some people trickling in from the Shan States. Taungoo begins to be influenced by the Prince's Council in the Shan States. Taungoo profits from trade throughout Tibet and its vassals. Bon monks are sent to convert people from animism and Theravada Buddhism to bön.
  • Trier: We upgrade our military and economy. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne and Austria and her vassals. We dedicate this turn to infrastructure expansion. 

1451

The University of Glasgow is founded.

Cilli acquires market-town status and town rights by orders from Count Frederick II of Cilli.

Nicholas of Cusa invents concave lens spectacles to treat myopia.

A landless knight and second son to an Italian count by the name of Lorenzo Orsini writes an essay on holy war, and how it is time to once again pilgrimage to Jerusalem and hopefully eventually “return it to the Hands of God”. The printing press allows for his beliefs to spread, and soon many people (mostly landless nobles and devout peasants) begin to call for a new Great Pilgrimage, as they call it.

Coptic Christians begin to deeply resent their rulers’ harsh policies on their religion. The Coptic Pope begins secretly plotting a revolt, and Coptic rebels begin to amass strength.

The nobles of Oyo seeing a potential issue arising from the rapid adaptation of expensive unknown technologies which are beginning to drain the nations economy heavily rebel against the Emperor (or leader) in an attempt to save their nation from collapse. There is open rebellion in nearly every major city and most of the nation’s military is engaging each other over accusations, accused disloyalty, and the relative failure of the Oyo Emperor to handle the new states surrounding him.

Pray tell, at what point did Oyo's interior stop being politically, socially and economically stable? Am I to be led to believe that the mods are trying to stifle my attempts to develop ships for some reason? Why is it that this only occurs just as I begin to develop plausible naval technologies? When I had the ships, you just ignored my attempts to sail. Now that I do it another way, you're trying to destroy my country. ~Viva

Aided by Oyo’s rivals the rebels manage to establish a foothold in the nation’s territory, originating in the southern end of the nation, where natives of Benin declare their intentions to join their native nation of Benin.

The Colorado Confederation encounters raids by neighboring tribes. Pressure from the raids causes the tribal confederation to fragment into two main groups. The Southern half of the Confederation then dissolves into chaos.

The huge network of Venetian vassals taxes the Venetian administrators and treasury. Venice nears bankruptcy.

  • This is a load of crap. When did Venice have OTL problems with finance? Never. And I have less under my control than OTL Venice. Also, I am one of the few players who actually costs their expenditure, and this pile of bollocks is my reward for plausibility? If this isn't a pile of bias crap then I don't know what is. I refuse to recognise it. And if this bollocks isn't removed then I will begin several votes of consequence. The metagaming of bias mods is killing this game!
  • These moderator events are a bit ridiculous. 
  • You have too many vassals, though. And they are all in essence microstates. In the interests of algorithms and mapmaking you do need to combine a few of them. In addition you are spread across the Med Sea. Combine some of your vassals and we will stop complaining. Also, this is the first time I've created an event hurting your nation. I had another event lined up to help you out earlier but it was shot down. 
  • I don't, though, and I can't combine them, there's no logical way I can without forcing culturally different groups together or by forcing together governments which were traditionally OTL separate. I'm not keeping them separate to maximise on the algo, I'm keeping them separate because that's the logical thing to do. And pray tell how are my vassals going to bankrupt me? by underpaying tax to Venice? I've practically eliminated the vassal taxes anyway in the republican reforms. And the fact that I am spread across the Med affects what? I have the largest fleet in the world right now and don't you dare say that's bankrupting me because Venice was the only country with the technology to maintain such a fleet and it not be crippling. Further, Venice OTL had such an empire "spread across the Med" and it certainly did not bankrupt them and they didn't have the access to trade I do. They didn't have the level of access to gold, they didn't have the level of access to ivory, they didn't have the level of access to silks, they didn't have the level of access to spices, the list goes on! So maybe you can do something logical next time you decide to randomly damage my empire with no good reason rather than something stupid and completely against the character of my posts.
    • Just to add, under your logic, it would be completely logical for every nation to just super unite. Austria might as well just absorb everything and mess up history, even combining some of Austria's vassals is ASB because they were always separate right up until nationalism in the 1800s! Further under that logic, the ASB of a united Italy in the 1400s is completely correct to you. You really need to rethink your priorities concerning this game and not just have a collapse frenzy without any logical reasoning.
    • It is true that many people are criticized for uniting too fast, but at the same time are penalized for not uniting. And it's not like those states help at all in the algorithm anyway. "Vassal spam" is more damaging to the person using it for the most part. 

Uprisings begin in the Aztec vassal of Soconusco. Local leaders are starting to question their need for Aztec governing when they are so prosperous. Aztec troops move into the region to put down the rebellion - brutally.

Soconusco hasn't been all that prosperous. I should know as they are my vassal. Also, I wouldn't deal with them aggressively as they are under my authority and not a foreign partner I would attempt a diplomatic plan to start. So I will not accept that the event is dealing with my turn. As you do not control me and can not dictate my turns. I understand you can hurt me. Although you do not have the power whatsoever to dictate how I deal with the event. SwankyJ (talk) 11:33, March 24, 2014 (UTC)
Players can not cross out mod events. It is up to you to recognize the events or not to, but the mods will still operate under the premise that these events did occur.
  • Ica-Nazca: We improve our infrastructure and military. We continue to combine the Chimor culture with our own.
    • Chancay (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand our military and economy and send military to Ica-Nazca.
    • You can expand one category per turn. SwankyJ (talk) 14:05, March 24, 2014 (UTC)
  • County of Oldenburg: The military is expanded this year. The Count calls a "season of training", and the regional commanders organise war-games and other training for their regiments. The activities become a sort of fair, with stalls being set up around the practice-grounds, and people coming to watch the armed men slug it out in their bouts. The "navigational school" in the port accepts a class of reasonably young boys to train them up to become naval officers. The OHG's whaling fleet divides its time between the (still-standing) Neu Baltrum base, and Dietrichdorf in Greenland. One new family decides to emigrate to Neu Baltrum. They don't settle in Waldorf, but instead move inland (making Oldenburg expand the maximum extent inland into Jan Mayen). They establish a small sheep farm.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The Bishop is annoyed at Munster's outright refusal to become Sedevacantist, but nonetheless can't claim to be surprised at the response. The Order of the Seraphim's numbers remain steady, as the Bishop focuses on the economy this year. 
  • TIbet: Tibet continues to influence Pegu and Lanna and sends merchants from the Royal Tibetan Trading Company to Pegu and Lanna with goods from all over Tibet. With finally annexing the Shan States the prince's council becomes the sole body of government directly under the ruling king and queen mother in the shan states. The Gongma dies in Lhasa from an unknown illness the kingdom begins to prepare for the funeral and coronation of the new king and the queen mother. Economy is expanded.
    • Chutiya: More people convert from animism and Theravada Buddhism to bön. Military is expanded.
    • Taungoo: Taungoo continues to be influenced by the Princes Council in the Shan States. Taungoo profits from trade throughout Tibet and its vassals.
      • Bengali Diplomacy: The Sultan wishes to reaffirm the alliance between Bengal and Tibet that stood at the time of the current Sultan's father.
      • TIbet Dip: We accept a continued alliance.
  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The relation with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continue to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc. The policy of rapprochement toward Sicily continue, and also our influence on the island for future vassalization. The control of the plague effects improve, and the population grows.
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continue. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies; is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy in one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continue the loyal service to Italy.
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles.
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom.
    • Vatican City: Pope Pius III continue the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope like his predecessor condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The Pope in his speeches also continues condemning the current lack of security of pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, which the Christian nations have a priority to recover these places and they are missing to the will of God. The Pope after days of meditation, and with his heart open to God, feel the unmistakable presence of the will of God through the the Angel Gabriel who announces that God's desire is to have all his servants together, and that one person can not carry the word alone. That is why when leaving his meditations and ecstatic about the revelation received, announces that the church needs to rejoin, so the divine interpretation is not lost, and to do this alone would be a grave sin. Proposes to the Patriarch of Constantinople unite the churches who have been split for so long, and combat heresy and infidels.
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve.
    • You can only expand one category per turn. SwankyJ (talk) 13:58, March 24, 2014 (UTC)
  • UNC: The UNC decides to take advantage of a distracted Europe to declare war on and invade Novgorod. The UNC invades Karelia by foot from Sweden, pouring into Karelia. Meanwhile, the UNC launches a naval assault from the Gulf of Finland. Turku becomes an important stating area for the war. Another trading port, however, becomes a key area for the UNC navy during this time. The town is recognized officially by the King as Helsingfors. Should the UNC make ample gains this year, St Patriksburg will be taken. England is offered riches, discounted trade routes, and guaranteed help from the UNC in one war in exchange for assistance against Novgorod. Prussia is also offered an invitation to join the war for some territorial gains.
    • Prussian Diplomacy: The Prussian envoy rejects the UNC's offer, saying that the UNC being the aggressor in this war negates any potential non-aggression pact. The Prussians also state their outrage at the unprovoked attack of the Prussian ally Novgorod, and state that the Prussians will not stand to see a valued ally destroyed. A state of war exists between the Prussian sphere and the UNC. Before leaving the UNC capital of Stockholm the envoy has this final parting statement "If the Nordic King wasn't so blinded by his greed he would know that we Prussians do not betray our allies".
    • Hamburger Dip: the Duchy of Hamburg asks its trading partner in the UNC to withdraw from Novgorod, another strong trading partner. But if the UNC fails to do so by the New Year (0:00 UTC), it risks undoing all the progress made since 1415.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: Hamburg is taken aback by the UNCs unprovoked invasion of Novgorod. Some had hoped a Swede on its throne would lead it down a different path but "old habits die hard". Williamsburg (now in OTL Ad Dakhla after some convincing. <grumbles>) sees traffic increase as it becomes a stopping point for European and African traders. Hesse is extended the offer of continuing the Hamburg-Copenhagen road to Ludwigsburg, before moving on for Landshut. Hesse is reminded Bavaria has already accepted the offer. The Prince-Bishop of Münster dies and William, following the lead of Oldenburg, begins pushing for his own man to be next. (Mod response please?) Lippe and Bruchhausen expand their militaries.
    • Mod Response: As pleased as I am that I've started a trend for pushing for episcopal candidates, I was only allowed to actually have my candidate accepted once I'd fully vassalised Osnabruck (and could do whatever I wanted). So using that as precedent, I'm unfortunately going to have to say that your candidate is not acceptedCallumthered (talk) 07:54, March 24, 2014 (UTC)
  • Portugal continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers start to follow the Castilian example and start to explore the African coast. São Miguel and Santa Maria continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the colony of Açores expands 600 sq km into the two recently-discovered islands, with settling starting there. Meanwhile, a trading post is founded in the island of Arguim.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate: Chinese claims to Kyushu and Shikoku are recognised and the protectionist tariff on trade between the Ming and the Ashikaga is abolished in favour of closer relations. During a hunt, the Shogun falls from his horse and, despite the best medical attention, dies later on that day. A state funeral is arranged and envoys are invited from the Ming Empire and the Koryak Confederacy to mourn the loss of this reformist Shogun. Without an heir, on his deathbed, the Shogun adopts his brother-in-law, the Daimyo of the Date to continue his rule, thus uniting the Date and Ashikaga clans under a single ruler.
  • Cuzco: We request an alliance with the Wanka, including trading rights with their people (Mod response needed.) Economy is developed due to the improvements of travel within Cuzco.
  • Foix: We build up our military. The economy expands due to our new banking system. Trade is going well with France.
    • Andorra: We build up our military and economy.
    • You can only expand one category per turn. SwankyJ (talk) 13:58, March 24, 2014 (UTC)
  • Netherlands: Reconstruction and economic reforms continue throughout the new Kingdom. The new tax laws prove far more efficient then previously expected and also more over a long period of time, though it drains the general populace less as the amounts aren't that much in one go. As trade with Northern Europe starts to pick up again trade slowly starts to return to normal, and with the new rights to trade in Northern Germany Dutch merchants gain a larger market for goods. The expedition to thw Kongo returns, after having successfully mapped the northern area of the Kongo, with this goal finally completed the Merchant Guild plans to establish a trading outpost along the OTL Gold Coast or Niger ian coast to improve access to the African coast and to facilitate further expedition to try to reach the riches of the east. On their return they bring back large amounts of ivory which prove a decent profit. Another expedition is being prepared for 1452-3. Reconstruction of the southern Lowlands continue. And life is starting to somewhat easier for the locals, as the cities gain more inhabitants leading to an increase in artisan, and metal smithy activity, turn leading to an increase in exploitation, of the large iron reserves of Wallonia. New roads are commisssioned to be built throughout the Lowlands to improve internal trade and access to the HRE and France for trade. Docks are to be improved after years without full attention. Banking also starts to pick up again, now backed by Merchants, and wealthy individuals in the Lowlands hoping to increase their gains. 
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite do their job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. The merchants that continually travel between Kohm, Aoch and Ava continue to allow for some of the populations of those nations to continue to convert to Islam. Due to trade with China and other Middle Eastern nations, cannon and hand cannon designs become more common, leading most of the landed elite to continue to outfit their levies with cannons and hand cannons. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. Several schools and universities begin construction in the ten largest cities in Bengal, hoping to prompt better education in several different fields of study.
    • Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslims settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom declares himself to be King of Assam, also called Kamarupa in this time since he now controls his grandson's lands which were the Maharaja of Koch.
    • You can only expand one category per turn. SwankyJ (talk) 13:58, March 24, 2014 (UTC)
    • Thank you mod, Swanky, for your insights. Eiplec - ಠ_ಠ (talk) 14:55, March 24, 2014 (UTC)
  • Aztec Empire: Emperor Montezuma II has reached the age of 31. The Emperor Montezuma II begins making diplomatic preparations with the local governors of Soconusco. He explains that they are a new vassal, and small as well. With the new aggressive tribes in the south, and the somewhat hostile thought of Mayans/Yucatan people. The Emperor expresses that leaving the empire would just be unwise all around. Without the empire's protection the city-states, which have become aggressive in the south would surely swallow them up, if an Aztec banner did not hang from their gates. With Soconus understanding this, the Emperor issues for more fishing ships to be built [179] as well as the navy to be increased [61]. With the new technology for ships being complete. With a large crossbow mounted on the front of the ships which can either fire a broad spear or rope ballista shot, enabling the Aztecs to reel in the enemy ships, or firing at the enemy. Throughout the great land infrastructure is expanded. Massive amounts of schools are built putting many non-working children into a proper education, requiring most of them to go to school. Wells and aqueducts are now common sights throughout the land. Water is now largely available to the people, as the memories of the drought and its effects begins to fade away. Population is grown and reaches a height of 3.65 (one year! haha 365 days) million.
    • Atotonilco (vassal of the Aztec Empire): The vassal expands its fishing ships [88] in the Atlantic Ocean. The navy is constructed [32] with the new adoption of the weapon created at the universities of Tenochtitlan. Infrastructure is expanded.
    • Soconusco (vassal of the Aztec Empire): With the explanations from the Emperor, the vassal begins to reflect on their actions, realizing that a disbanding of the region would just be hot headed, and unneccessary, as the empire gave the vassal their slowly growing prosperity and is a direct influence of the capital government. Fishing ships are continued to be built [45] , as a few fisherman found a small cove on the coast containing pearls and clams, the fisherman brought them back to market, buying a few piece of land, where they now farm (doesn't mean anything, I just thought it was nice). Economy is expanded due to ships.
    • Zacatollan (vassal of the Aztec Empire): Xilopolco is a reknowned military fort. It has grown very large that it now holds a population of 27,000 people. Some call it a city, but the majority of the population is militaristic. The Aztec navy is built up [51] and fishing ships slowly are built [29] and are now halted in production as war ships are more mainly concentrated on. Infrastructure is expanded building schools and temples throughout the vassal. Funded by the economic power house of Tenochtitlan.
    • You can only expand one category per turn. Eiplec - ಠ_ಠ (talk) 14:55, March 24, 2014 (UTC)
  • Venetian Republic:
    • Books on various topics spread from Venice throughout Europe, beginning the Renaissance. Printed in the Venetian language, they teach of the sciences and humanities and revive learning, spreading knowledge (as well as the language) far and wide.
    • With the increased supply of Ducats, the fluidity of European trade increases.
    • Many people sentenced to death are drowned in the canals as is the Venetian tradition. The tradition is becoming the primary way to execute criminals and is spreading to the Venetian territories across Europe.
    • Fine wool and silk clothing from Titani is exported across the Mediterranean and Black Sea and begins to set the trend in Renaissance clothing.
    • In Veneto: The Doge continues work on the Ducat. "The Learned Society of Saint Mark" continues to contribute to Venetian development as more and more people practise learning. Doge Dragano continues to fund the defences of Ragusa, Scutari, Valona and Epirus while also still pursuing contact with George Kastrioti Skanderbeg to offer him funds and supplies to carve out an independent Albania, free from powers in the east and west, in return for an alliance with Venice. The revival of Hungarian action brings new energy to the Venetian markets, increasing the amount of trade and thus also tariffs collected. 500 Venetian ships are sent to dock at Constantinople and fortify the city as well as defend trade routes passing by Ottoman waters. With the lapse in Netherlander Banking and Trading due to their conflict, the Venetians have taken over their trade in the Mediterranean. Further, the Roscol Bank has expanded into various nations using local subsidiaries increasing its banking power massively and filling the gaps that the Netherlanders left while they fought with Germany.
    • In Porto Tolle: Potensa Antonio is gathering a following, as the city gathers more and more radicals, merchants are more and more unwilling to use it. Many choose to instead face the issues of trading through Venice than face the chance of being attacked by the Drowners of Porto Tolle.
    • In Istra: The new Potensa works on further increasing relations with Hungary, sending an envoy to treat with border lords.
    • In Scutari: 600 men are now part of the guard. Border patrols are daily and keep an eye out for Ottoman and Albanian movements.
    • In the Epirote Free Ports: The Sarandan trade fleet begins to operate in the Adriatic. Titani clothes production only continues to increase, while their furniture production remains stable. In Preveza, the merchants blockade the port, demanding the end to the guilds' control over the city.
    • In the Peloponnese: Barbus shocked by the treatment in Athens, resolves never to leave Argos again.
    • In Attica: The Potensa of Menidi hears of a sect of Christians in Porto Tolle who are purifying the faith there. He sends an envoy to find out more.
    • In Morocco: There is a small Muslim rebellion, Venetian forces defeat it, killing many. The rest are left to either the slavers or to the mercy of Potensas. The slavers enslave many and make sure they are sold to a land far away from Venice. The Potensas hang, drown and kill the remaining rebels via a variety of means. Tension between Muslims and Venetians is building. In response Venice decides it must deal with the issue quickly. Mimicking the Normans in England forts are established across the Venetian lands of Morocco, First they are primitive but most will be forts with good capacity in 15 years or so. Inf-turn
  • Epirote Repubic: The levies are sent home as Dragano does not wish to have issues with supply. He decides to hire another 500 mercenaries to patrol the border but is aware that this cost will not be sustainable for the long term. Mil-turn
  • Venetian Empire:
    • In the Province of Aegina: Conte Uberto continues to manage immigration carefully. However, he feels that the culture of Aegina is under threat and decides to slow the flow of immigrants. Eco-turn
    • In the Free Port of Athens: Superpotensa Oliverio moves to emulate Venice in its business laws, hoping to increase the amount of enterprise in Athens. Eco-turn
    • In the Province of Candia: The Arsenal of Candia finishes, it begins to repair much of the Candian fleet although about 20 ships have to be decommissioned completely. The new Candian fleet numbers just 60 ships. The Shipwrights Guild in the city of Candia flees to the city of La Canae in the west. Eco-turn
    • In the Corfiot Protectorate: The Red Army of Corfu, still stationed in Naxos, impresses the Naxians and other forces stationed there. Some of the members die in training but recruits from Corfu are sent soon enough. Mil-turn
    • In the Province of Kaffa: The "Venice of the Golden Sea" continues to grow and Venetian is becoming more common a language as the years pass. Eco-turn
    • In the Naxian Protectorate: The Naxian Fleet sails close to the Ottoman European coast, spying on the movements and fortifications along the coastline, under orders of the Doge. Mil-turn
    • In the Province of Negroponte: Conte Rizardo dies, his son takes over ruling Naxos. He decides to divert the mining goods to the city of Negroponte, hoping to build the metal and stone working industry in the city. Eco-turn
    • In the Free Port of Ragusa: 1300 men are now in the Black Guard. 300 remain in Ragusa while 1000 now reside in Naxos. They prove to be excellent soldiers and inspire fear and respect from the soldiers they meet. Mil-turn
    • In the Province of Valona: With nothing much happening internal conflict begins, a lord marches on another's castle with his raised levy while he is stationed at the border. Various alliances are called in and before the end of the year several nobles lie dead and a noble has claimed the title of Conte. His defeated rival flees to the Ottoman court, hoping they will support his claim. Mil-turn
  • Prussia: The Prussians continue to convert to the Western Church. The Prussians begin to build their army.
    • Masovia: The Kingdom of Masovia also continues recovering their economy and continues building a new national army. The Masovians continue construction of their capital at Czersk. The Masovians also continue converting to the Western Church.
    • Pomerania: The Pomeranians continue building their economy and continue building a new national army. The Pomeranians also continue converting to the Western Church.
    • Courland: The Curonians also begin developing their economy and military. The Curonians also begin converting to the Western Church.
  • Oyo Empire: In a swift show of force, the elite and ever-loyal Eso move in on the orders of Alaafin Akitunde, and put down the various "uprisings" by the rebel forces. Discovered to be foreign warriors operating under the leadership of rebellious nobles, these mercenaries are murdered by the Eso in a swift and violent manner, and their bodies desecrated by the imperial guard. The nobles responsible for spreading sedition throughout the empire to destabilize the country to topple Akitunde are discovered and brought to Oyo-Ile, where they, their families and their friends, are tortured, raped and murdered by the enraged public in the capital. Finally, for those who survive their just punishment, they are flayed alive by the Eso and their skin hang on poles surrounded by the bodies of the warriors they hired to fight for them to rot, forever a reminder of the punishment for treason. As for the military, the units verified to be responisble for weakening the military are isolated, rounded up, and executed for sedition and treason. Interestingly, the commanders of these units were also paid off by the now deceased rebel nobles to aid them in preventing the military from stopping the attacks on Oyo's major cities. The Ikarira returns to its previous state with the troublemakers purged from its ranks, and are immediately dispatched to deal with Oyo's final threat, the foreign insurgency backed by Benin. Not the peaceful man his father was, Akitunde wages a genocidal campaign against the insurgents, destroying entire enemy villages and populations that had escaped prior enslavement during the invasion of Benin. And rather than enslave the survivors, the Oyo spare no one, not bothering to bring in a new slave population. The ruthless and brutal manner in which Akitunde dispatches his enemies, and the sheer scale of his operations, never before expected of the military before now, so terrify the nobility, that they agree to the forced proposal by Akitunde weakening their political and economical clout, and granting him more power, to the satisfaction of the populace, angered with the attempt by the nobility to destroy their country out of petty greed. As far as the people were concerned, the new technologies didn't bother them, and were in fact welcomed as they made life easier and more prosperous. The fact that the nobles were "worried" about the economy, as if they didn't have enough money already, disgusted the commoners, and their widescale defeat very welcomed in the streets of Oyo, who now call their leader Akitunde the Preserver for his actions. As always, the ships of Lagos never cease to toil in their work, pushing on to continue developing proper sailclothes. Coming to the agreement that silk was too expensive, and flax to difficult to produce in their lands, the shipbuiilders accept cotton as the prefer material for the sailcloth. Easy to grow in Oyo's well-watered and temperate lands, cotton has been grown in abundance in Oyo, and is harvested in great quanitities for the shipyard to use. Several sails of varying shapes and thickness are produced by the shipbuilders, and are to be attached to masts and ropes of varying types as well to see which combination is best for the war canoes, as well as what skills will be needed to sail the new ships if the plan works. With the fighting over and life back to normal, Oyo expands its military, economy and infrastructure, and moves on as if the fighting had never happened to begin with.
  • France: military and economy are built up and the preparation for a better war machinery begins, on a sidenote, Italian settlers from northern regions such as Milan and Venice are brought to the kingdom in order to populate some regions and to increase the population in the regions. The vassalization of Armagnac is complete. We continue the vassalage of Brittany. Navy expands.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up.
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up.
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up.
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. 
  • Koryak Confederacy: The Confederacy continues to improve its economy, specifically by upgrading and centralizing agricultural production. Wheat farming and, in southerly areas, rice farming are expanded to cope with a growing population as more nomads settle and shift over to food production. It also constructs more fishing ships. The population reaches 800,000 after decades of increased food production, according to a census conducted by the government. Nomadic tribes in central and eastern SIberia are offered trade concessions in return for conducting destabilzing raids against the Mongol Khanate and Jurchens, although the Koryaks request a portion of the proceeds, especially livestock. (Mod Response Needed).
    • Chukchis: Expand 100 px east along the Arctic coast.
    • Kolmya Evenks: Expand 100 px northwest.
  • Eire: Nationalization and centralization of Eire continues. Some of the war-torn communities on the southeastern coast turn to fishing heavily to feed their people. After years of northern expansion into Mayo, we reach the northern coast. Tales of Eire becomes popular reading amongst monks and nobles, and it spreads across the Irish Sea to parts of Britain.  Thomas II is bethrothed to an Ulsterian princess, cementing the marriage. Roads begin to be constructed, hopefully eventually linking the Munsterian towns with the Ulsterian towns. Tales of the western isle of Hy-Brasil become popular amongst the merchants and nobility, and some wonder if a voyage to that realm can be done, citing the possible presence of brazilwood. We continue vassalizing Silgo. A man who is messing with a mixture of saltpetre, sulfur and charcoal dies in a tragic accident that claims half of his village. Tensions build up along the border with Thomond, which is the only fully independent state in Ireland and wishes to remain so. The King forms a "Celtic Company" of the greatest soldiers in Eire. The Company is armed with traditional Celtic skirmisher gear, and the more modern pike that has been used to great effect in the rebellions. We offer any nation the service of the Company in exchange for money. (Mil-Turn)
    • Leinster: Leinster rebuilds after the civil war. D'Arcy's cronies are executed, and a pro-Munster government is instated, under Thomas II, son of King Eamon. Leinster rejoins the Confederation of Ireland, and joins the United Kingdoms of Greater Albion. The trade that has been so instrumental in improving Munster continues to spread to Leinster. (Eco-Turn)
      Flag of Eire

      The new flag of Eire.

  • Mapuche: Approximately 7000 Mapuche tribespeople flee from violence in the west by crossing the Andes.  They settle in the northwestern delta region of the OTL Rio de Plata and spend much of the year constructing new homes, planting and harvesting crops and searching for iron and silver veins to complement their metalworking prowess.  As their new home is a fairly temperate region, their harvest is bountiful, allowing their population to flourish and their people to quickly adapt to their new home.
    • Way too far from the original position. Also, you're not iron or silverworking ready. You have to operate within the confines of the Mapuche areas on the map. You can't just migrate and set up like that. -Feud
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows, increasing our military capabilities in case of war. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. We are producing our new crossbow, and we send the first 50 crossbows to Mecklenburg to test out and the other 250 to test in our nation. The recent classes of Koch ships are being manufactured in Novgorod. The town of St Patriksburg’s population grows a bit more that last year. As the construction of the town improves, the kremlin finishes, trade becoming more in demand, the town gains slightly. Because of the trade road built with Tver our economy increases. We are still talking about the possible unification of the Rus’ with Muscovy. The Russian language is spreading throughout the nation. After seeing a great success with the private schools in the cities of Novgorod, St Patriksburg, Staraya Russa, and Nizhny Novgorod. We start building another private school in Rostov and Yaroslavl. We complete building private schools in Torzhok and a private school in Staraya Ladoga. In the year 1445, we will annex Rostov and Yaroslavl into Novgorod. We vassalized Tver, and we are looking to annex Rostov, Tver, and Yaroslavl in the far future. We want an non-aggression pact with UNC. We ask of our alliances, Muscovy, Pskov and Prussia to aid in the war. We ask for support from other nations as well. We are fortifying port cities, vassal states and major cities near the invasion. St Patriksburg is beginning to fortify, for the foretold future. We still feel we can resolve the issue with the UNC. We don’t look to wage war on them. We ask of the UNC to sign a treaty, to stop the war from going any further than it has. We feel that it will be a big economic hit on both nations, if it continues. In the best interest of both nations, we believe that the UNC should sign a treaty with us, to prevent any further dispute.
    • Tver: We complete the construction of the private school in Tver and we start the new one. We upgrade our military after being a vassal of Novgorod. We upgrade our economy because of the trade established between Yaroslavl, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We begin fortifying the state, for any future attacks.
    • Yaroslavl: We complete the construction of the private school in Yaroslavl and we start the new one. We upgrade our military after being a vassal of Novgorod. We upgrade our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We begin fortifying the state, for any future attacks.
    • Rostov: We completed the construction of the private school in Rostov and start the new one. We upgrade our military after being a vassal of Novgorod. We upgrade our economy because of the trade established between Tver,Yaroslavl, Muscovy and Novgorod. We begin fortifying the state, for any future attacks.
  • Timurid Empire: As we carry on the Islamization of our vassals, we use our new trade routes through the Chagatai Khanate in order to further strengthen the trade routes connecting the East and the West, and continue influencing them. (Year 23 out of 17 + extra years because of different people influencing). Although with the resisted vassalization, the Timurid Empire continues to try to attempt a peaceful vassalization, before making any rash decisions. The paper factories flourish. As our land travel progresses, we also work on our navy, and new shipyards are being built alongside river deltas, expanding our economy, and increasing our naval size/capacity. Due to both the Timurid Empire and the Jaunpur Sultanate being ruled by Draka, the two nations are unified with and Bhikhan becomes leader of the Jaunpur province. Both Junayd ahd Ghiyath Al-Din are called to Draka's court to discuss the assassination attempt. Rao Rid Mal's daughter, wife of Draka's son Aryan gives birth to a young boy, after having two daughters. This further strengthens the ties between the Empire and Marwar, due to the young boy being heir presumptive to both thrones. And due to the continuous drought in the WTE, farmers migrate to the rice fields in the Bahmani province. 
  • Kingdom of Georgia (and allies): Georgia, Armenia and Assyria fight in Anatolia, while Rani and Amier-Kavkasia both continue sending military aid and build up their infrastructures. Georgia also attempts to contact the Coptic Pope regarding his proposed uprising, offering him shelter in pro-Coptic Assyria pending the liberation of a provisional Coptic homeland in Anatolia.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to fight with the Ottomans, but as of yet no side has reached a conclusive victory. The military continues operations in Thessaly, Thrace and Anatolia. On the other side of things, Patriarch Gregory III of Constantinople is pleased of what the Pope has to say, and as such signs the approved charter three months later. Soon to be published to the rest of the world, it will hopefully lead to a de jure reunification of the Christian Church. With the war against the Ottomans progressing well but without a conclusive win for either side, the Romans offer treaty negotiations with the members of the conflict to take place in Adrianople.
  • The Grand Sultanate of the Mashriq continues to complete Sultan Ahmed-ad-Din Yusuf's plan of uniting all of his holdings. Furusiyya and the Shura continue to redefine the role of the Mamluks and the military in general. Construction of the حديقة قصر, or Hadeekah Palace, continues on Gezira Island of Cairo. The construction continues to go along as anticipated, and many on their Hajj remark that the grandeur of the new structure rivals the Lighthouse at Alexandria. (Based off of the OTL Topkapi Palace of the Ottomans) The Sultanate expands 2500 sq km underneath Cyrenaica. The new Assafi calendar continues to increase in popularity, especially in regions of trade and land near the Western World. Nubia continues to be integrated more and more, to prevent any future rebellions. Ahmed continues the growth of the navy's set of vessels, and the trading corporations continue with the wave of discoveries. STEC consolidates its trade grasp over Malagasy and the Swahili states, and sends supplies to Sanafah, which expands by 2500 sq km. Missionary efforts on Malagasy continue as well. Meanwhile, the IAFATM continues to influence Aceh, which is a semi-puppet state of the Mashriqi, making slow but steady progress. Education at all universities (Alexandria, Damascus and Baghdad) continues strongly, which breeds common language, common culture, and common literature. Trade with Oman and Yemen continues, as well as influence in Al-Sumal. Iritriya ​expands 5000 sq km, under Ethiopia. The Sultanate of Tunisia grows 5000 sq km under Cyrenaica to connect with the Mashriq. Influence over Gafsa and Zab continues. In Tunisia, most Christian influence is naturally supplanted by the influx of Assafi conversions. All Burji states grow their economies.

  • Swiss Confederacy: We continue what we always have been doing.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy continues a larger process of pulling in more money through trade. The Castilians begin to send missionaries into Morocco in hopes of converting populations. The infrastructure of Castile is also expanded more. Castile, in order to facilitate more conversions to Christianity, imposes higher taxes on non-Christians in the areas it controls personally or by proxy through its vassals. Castile has successfully mapped large parts of the African coast south of Morocco and down as far as their settlements in Capo Verde. The developing class in Castile of skilled artisans, merchants, blacksmiths and the like has led to a large increase in productivity of the country with even a few researchers managing to work on new designs - including a more efficient hand cannon which gets its own dedicated corps in the developing Royal army of Castile. The Castilian nobility begins to adapt toward a newer system to revamp or work on their power as they move toward becoming advisors to the king and less involved in their feudal estates which while growing have developed Guilds to facilitate payments for the efforts of the men working, The expert worksmanship of many of these men has seen notable increase in productivity for each feudal state with most lords not complaining. The Kingdom's cities begin to be improved with somewhat better sanitation and the King hires architects to plan out a sewer system, as well as a true plan for multiple major cities. Castile begins a major process of researching the arquebus acquired and develops its own version which is used to replace the hand cannons which is finally finished. The Castilian navy, using the Canaries as a base, continually explore the area and discover a new island chain, the closest island is able to be settled and a small settlement springs up on the islands and is built up and styled as a resupply base. Capo Verde now fully settled is continually built up to accommodate Castile's military, navy and exploratory fleets The construction of a new kind of warship with cannons is completed - a heavy warship much more powerful than most other ships of the time. The King notices the heavily increased productivity and income flow due to his hands off policy and non-interference and begins to allow artists, minstrels and other artistic and scientific minds to become more prevalent in Castile, many believe the Castilian Renaissance is imminent. Castile, due to its naval range, high income, extensive and dominant trade network, becomes one of the largest and most dynamic trade empires of the Atlantic and Western Mediterranean. The Castilian navy with its new heavy warships and some new updated designs for older ships organizes a heavy royal fleet phasing out past organizations. The Royal army of Castile has now almost wholly replaced the previous feudalistic military forces and has a size of nearly 50,000 and growing thanks in part to the good funding being provided by the king. In order to make up for lost power the King as behest of his new wife, and several of his friends who are nobles create a king's advisory council which officially has the power of the king in many matters if authorized. The men are also given station to criticize the kings actions to keep him from going crazy with power. The Knights Hospitaller are moved more into Castile with their professional fighting strength and religious zeal used to patrol the borders of Castile's Gibraltar province. The Knights are also given the authority to police the majority Christian Tangiers now, and effectively prevent many Muslims from coming over the border to wreak havoc. Castile begins considering opening up talks to relieve Granada of a primarily Christian province and a possible problem in the future for the country and giving it to the Knights Hospitaller to set up a kingdom or set up their organization in the area. King John secretly does this with the willing knights who have left Cyprus to prevent channelling their religious zeal into border patrolling. Castile's navy, now heavily funded and expanded greatly, reaches a large amount of combat and tradeworthy ships and with its trade from Oyo, and various supply bases establishes military and trade dominance over the West African areas as well as its locality in the Mediterranean. The Castilian trade dominance in West Africa remains unbudged as Castile directly owns and has the majority of the gold and ivory trades coming out of West and North Africa. Castile's population reaches around 4.9 million and growing. (I have been focusing heavily on growth of population and have not been involved in nearly the amount of destructive wars as OTL Castile has been). The Castilian Renaissance reaches its full swing with art and scientific advancement being allowed by the State as many of the religious fanatics and dissidents are fighting in Morocco, along with this, the highly respected middle and artisan classes are able to afford a much better living with various artists painting great works and with one even gaining an audience with the royal family for a painting. The Castilian navy reaches a large force of nearly 550 ships using the huge funding from Castile's conquests, trading, and other situation to fund this navy.  Castile begins looking for betrothals to Prince Henry, Prince Carlos and Princess Maria with Princess Elenor being reserved for Italy's heir to officially solidify Castile and Italy's full dynastic union (between you giving me your daughter and me giving you mine our dynasties will be the same). The technology of the Castilian navy is improved heavily as the king begins to focus more on the quality of his ships rather than the quantity. The exploration continues just below the Kongo as the Castilian exploration parties manage to gather supplies from the Kongos friendlier tribes. These exploratory parties have reached OTL Angola and a little bit further south but supply constraints and lack of knowledge of the area prevents further progress. Castile begins sending missionaries to the Kongo to convert the Friendlier tribes. Castile continues to convert to the western church with the king and his royal family attempting to preach about the new church and its benefits to the common man and not keeping them in the dark. This continued outright preaching causes an issue as a secret assassin attempts to kill King John of Castile. However, in a show of expert agility and swordsmanship in his old age allows the king to Not only disarm the assailant but capture him. The Royal Guard unmasks the man as a Castilian noble who before being executed leads on that a small group of nobles are plotting against the king and his family. This, however, leaves the remaining nobles scared as King John using personally loyal advisors and troops to begin a series of inquiries and investigations. To protect the kingdom from a possible issue he also begins to deploy the royal army in an attempt to prevent a major rebellion. This is largely successful as King John confirms the loyalty of various generals and nobleman this way but manages to gather a list of men who he believes are plotting against him. With this he also reconfirms the loyalties of his subjects. The Castilian navy with new ships replacing the old ones begins military drills for preparedness and experience.
    • Granada: The Christianization of Granada continues in earnest with a more sizeable converted population working its way through the country. The Emir, however, remains secretly Christian and begins hiring a few Castilian advisors who are wholly more competent than many of the Granadan advisors. The country also begins to see same issues with its settlement in Morocco with many of them being Christian Castilians or converts. The Granadans continue to show more Christianization processes occurring with a viable expanding population of Christians living in the core towns cities. The country begins to show promising signs of real economic advancement. The population of true Castilians in the country begins to increase to rival the native Granadans as many of the Muslims have left the area due to the unfavorable atmosphere of the country. The Nation of Granada has now Christianized somewhat considerably with a real large minority of Christians existing within the country's borders. The Granadan people now seem to look at their secular society as less of a Muslim one and more of a religiously neutral state. The Term Emirate is dropped and is renamed a Principality with the official name being the Principality of Granada. Some Muslim zealots turn out to protest this but the Emir - Now Prince of Granada - manages to quell the zealots with quick timing by his troops. The relative unrest in the country continues to die down as the majority of the soldiers of Granada now Christian, or even corrupted Muslims (by the bounties of their conquests abroad) continue to obey the Prince of Granada with unshaken loyalty. The state's Christians are all mostly declared to be Western Catholics showing a large population of these converts than previously thought in the Iberian peninsula. The Prince of Granada (no longer an Emir) sends his condolences to King John for the situation and reaffirms his support for him.
    • Kingdom of the Canaries: Now granted a semi-autonomous status from Castile, the Canaries begin to work up their economy to a certain degree greatly utilizing the traders from Portugal as well as the new route to Oyo, and the trade from the Mediterranean. The Canaries are able to build upon the multiple viable settlements and a moderately sized and growing population. The Canaries, finally completely covering the islands, begins to send moderately sized fleets that are resupplied from the islands and from Castile to continually explore the area. The Canaries help supply settlers and fleets moving to Capo Verde. The governor reaffirms his support for King John.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: King Matthias of Cyprus has twin sons, both of which are sent to Castile for tutoring until they are old enough. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller West to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the forseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. King Matthias is killed in religious riots in Cyprus leaving his highly capable son in charge. This new King Fernando a half Cypriot, half Castilian man reigns in the riots relatively quickly and with decisive action solves their issue. The King himself being from some of the Western Catholic Sect has openly converted and challenges the conspirators of the riots to try again and see what happens. When another riot is organized in later months the King himself leads the Cypriot army and police and seizes the ring leaders preventing further rioting. This King swears his loyalty to King John and his mother's homeland of Castile.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The less fortunate and disenfranchized are converted. The Kingdom itself is a Christian kingdom with a similar situation of early Castile and Aragon, with large amounts of Muslims and a small amount of Christians. However, the Christian community in Morocco is expanded in thanks to the influx of traders and settlers from Castile and some other immigrants looking for an opportunity to live a new life here. The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area.  The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable amount of Castilians settle the area. While Christians remain the minority the kingdom of Morocco sets up various churches and allows preachers to roam around and convert people. The Kingdom begins to push toward integration of the city of Tangiers into the kingdom. This would give the Kingdom two important cities. Heavy taxes are imposed on Muslim traders in order to facilitate conversions to Christianity while lower more friendly taxes are given to Christian merchants. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The Country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Knights Hospitaller finally calm down from their overly religious conquest and begin to allow effective administration of the country. This is due in part to their losses and their lack of adaptation to Castile's budding new national religion. The Kingdom itself shows a relative increase in tensions with the remainder of Morocco due to border issues. This may indeed escalate into a full scale war due to issues stemming between the new Christian kingdoms continued push for legitimacy in the Christian world. Prince Adelmo the leader of Morocco previously very shadowy makes a public statement reaffirming his support for King John. The Knights Hospitaller in the country begin to die off due to old age, lack of Recruitment and the very dangerous border raids and Muslim village raids they conduct bringing their numbers to barely 1000. The Kingdoms army proper raised by immigrant Christians now numbers about 3000 itself and is expected to grow.
    • Rumania: The army floods across Bulgaria; Varna is liberated, and crowds herald Radu. The entire coast and a significant portion of the interior are taken. Very little resistance is faced, mostly the feeble attempts of garrisons and small forces raised by local fief holders. Hundreds of Muslims are captured and enslaved; while the nobles are held for ransom. However, all Imams are executed for heresy. Back home life continues. However, the war proves a drain on Rumania’s ability to produce food. Therefore several mines go out of business as workers grows very scarce.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow (and Lithuania): Military development continues. We are deeply sorry to the Novgorod Republic, as we are currently not able to enter the war in your defense. However, we deeply condemn the king of the United Norse Crown for attacking our faithful ally. Troops in the Balkans continue to march deeper into the Sunni controlled territories, burning down Mosques, and liberating the oppressed orthodox churches of the Balkans. Bulgarian volunteers begin to join the ranks of the Romanian and the Muscovite forces in order to aid against the Ottoman Empire. As our forces march through the South East of Europe, troops reach the city of Edirne, laying siege to the metropolis. Although the capital has been surrounded by Muscovite and Lithuanian forces, along Romanians, reports have said that the Grand Vizier has fled across Asia Minor. The large majority of our fleet moves to Bosphorus, restricting Ottoman troops from moving across strait, and into the Islamic controlled Balkans. The fleet is currently stationed at Constantinople for supplies. Although supply lines have been cut from the Ottoman mainland, enemy forces continue to fight to the death. By the next two years, we hope to reach Hungarian forces currently fighting against the Ottoman backed Serbian regime. Food from the Ukraine and Lithuania is sent to Rumania in order to aid in their current shortage.
  • Zapotec: Emperor Tlaco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan continues expanding into the surrounding city-states north along the gulf coast.
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Albert and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1451 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1451, Albert II commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The planned market center in Landshut continues to attract regional traders. In religious news, the country begins converting to the Western Netherlander church. By the end of this year, around 70% of the country adheres to the Western Church in Holland. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria cotinues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Albert II makes efforts to implement Sedevacantist policies in the government. In unfortunate news to Albert and Elisabeth, Princess Jacqueline, with bad health and little interest to rule, retires to a nunnery. Her cousin, Eleanor, around seventeen years of age, is declared heiress to Albert II.
    • Munchen: The main campus of Queen Isabell University is completed and the beginning courses include French, Latin, English, and Greek as well as theology, clergy training and mathematics being taught. By 1451, the total class amounts to about 2230 people. Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Munchen as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Straubing as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Ingolstadt as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. 
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. The Catholic clergy of Wurzburg become restless when learning they are now vassals of Grand Duke Albert of Bavaria and his Western Church. However, as Albert begins tolerating the Catholics, the Wurzburg clergy seem to calm down.
  • Cahokia: After years of external interest and expansion, Rektaw the Proud turns his interests to a more domestic approach, addressing issues of sanitation and health. In an effort to revitalize a once glorious medicine man culture, Rektaw appoints a new minister of health and a life long friend: Monchacho. Monchacho's father was a medicine man in the early 1400's and has since worked his father's small clinic in central Cahokia since his death seven years before. Rektaw emphasizes to his friend the importance of nationwide (especially in urban centers) medicine and gives him both the freedom and manpower to proceed as he wishes (under the guidance of Rektaw). In addition, the Cahokian elite (now becoming a more cohesive body) get the best engineers in the land to start drawing plans for a proper waste water management system. Though sketchy at first, the engineers estimate a project of this magnitude would take approximately 15-20 years. The Cahokian fishing industry continues to be prosperous, though some question the goings on and the legitimacy of the timber trade relationship between Cahokia and Etowah. Many fishermen are lost at sea after an ambitious captain, Nicage, pushed both crew and ship too far into a storm on OTL Lake Michigan. The sudden loss of life dissuades some and fishing activity while significant, dips a little. Focus centered on infrastructure and economy.
    • Moundville (Vassal of Cahokia): Moundville eases up on its expansion and spends a year re-inforcing the land it has conquered. The Nac still send deep scouting missions along the coast in order to map the next phase of expansion. Rumors of another civilization to the south arise, increasing even more the volunteer rate for the military. Ship building techniques learned from Moundville are employed on the now vast coastline. Many from Cahokia migrate to Moundville to fill the new coastline area and how city life is becoming less and less appealing due to a lack of trade and poor health conditions. 
    • Etowah (Vassal of Cahokia): After having a well established timber industry (a good market for it), Etowan leadership decides to expand a little farther into the mountains (5px) and makes plans to establish a proper vassal capital city in the mountains. 
    • Parkin (Vassal of Cahokia): Parkin expands to the west 10 pixels. Nac scouts send reports of a new animal, one with lots of hair and as big as a bear (buffalo). More citizens flock to Parkin to join the Nac and go through the now infamous training renowned for its harshness, intensity, and length (two years). With the increase in population around the training center, thoughts of a proper fort/base are being fostered and preliminary plans are drawn up.
  • Trier: We upgrade our military and economy. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne and Austria and her vassals. After a successful campaign against the Ottoman Empire in defense of Christianity and the people of Europe, we recall our soldiers to Trier. Upon hearing word of the United Norse Crown’s treachery, we warn them to withdraw immediately. If required we will declare war in defense of our economic partners, and to liberate the lands of Germany in their clutches.
  • Austria: We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port to respond to dangers in the area, and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren.  With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Ambrosius Federmann’s second expedition to West Africa is a success, with a trade post being established to trade with natives.  Initially the group has trouble cultivating plants, but with the help of the local Wolof, the settlement begins exploiting Fonio. Fishing is also undertaken at times. Deals are made with the Wolof for slaves and other goods, beginning a peaceful relationship. The trade posts at Abrechtburg and Dominusburg grow as trade becomes common in the area, attracting small amounts of settlers. Conversion of the natives begin around the settlement. Several bimereiches begin construction in Trieste to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. We ask Castile to remain neutral in the Netherlands’ conflict. We continue influencing our vassal states of Salzburg, Gorizia, Augsburg, Patria del Friuli, Chur, Württemberg, the Electorate of the Palatinate, Oettingen, Ulm, Cilli, Mainz, Hohenlohe, Strassburg, Metz, and others. We continue influencing Furstenburg, Konstanz, Kempten, and Magdeburg. We continue to improve relations with our Italian neighbors to the south. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria, as well as Venice, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. The formation and organization of the newly founded  kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine continues, proving to be a successful investment. We continue assimilating the population of Aquileia, which has become dependent on Austrian trade and support for its defense and prosperity. Military and economy of Austria and all vassals and subject nations expand. After the successful campaign against the Ottoman Empire, our forces return home. Upon receiving news of the United Norse Crown’s aggression against valuable trade partners, we vow to support any and all German states who are affected in the conflict.
    • Hungary: Requests Austria stay out of a war which does not concern it. From what can be seen the UNC are not attacking any German nations and thus do not need to get involved in the war. We close our borders to HRE forces until Austria decides to withdraw from the war.
  • Pskov strongly condemns the UNC invasion of Novgorod, that is gaining little traction so the Pskovians put their military movements on hold. However, due to the invasion, the Veche approves more military spending, spending much more money on more rifles, and granted subsidies to any gunsmiths that met certain standards, causing gunsmith shops to pop up all around the city. Due to the new war economy, Blacksmiths also experience a surge in production. In any case, this causes half the military of now 10,000 individuals to be armed with muskets by the end of the year, as well as with primary mele weaponry, and crossbows. Pskov re-iterates their past land proposals to both Novgorod and Prussia.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund leads his armies into battle against the Ottoman Empire. He hopes to liberate large regions of Serbia and Macedonia so he could expand the borders of Hungary while acquiring a larger amount of workers to do so. Not only will this provide him with a larger work force, it would increase the amount of taxes and revenue incoming to the crown. Currently, the nation has a good deal but could always use more. Stored grains are used when they are needed, and prove to be a winning system. The crown announces that they would like much bigger ships to be produced. Some new Castillian ships have been spotted, and thus are used for inspiration to build bigger and better ships which would help Hungary stand a chance against naval powers. These ships soon begin construction, replacing many smaller shipping construction. Multiple ships of this madnitude are started, although this proves to be a drain on ducats. Yet the King knows it will be money well spent. Many nobles disagree and believe the money should be spent on ground forces. However, more equipment for the soldiers is produced in forges and this will help to keep arming soldiers against the Ottomans. The generals lead many divisions of soldiers against the Ottoman positions. With the union of the Crown Prince of Hungary and the eldest Princess of Poland, the nations enter dynastic union. Although the two do not know each other too well, they can be seen spending a lot of time together as the Crown Prince courts his wife. Yet he continues leading his segment of the army well - ambushing the Ottomans near a small village where they were sationed - completely catching them off-guard. A decent number of naval vessels patrolling the coast for an invasion, growing with more ships arriving from docks the fleet off the coast strengthens. Merchant ships now use Byzantine ports to trade and earn money in, helping expand the influence of Hungarian merchants. However, this ships are coming under Ottoman naval attacks, and thus are now accompanied by small warships which help protect Hungarian interests. Trading with Zeta continues in earnest. The checkpoint castles are a great help in housing troops which are patrolling routes of both nations as well as wealthy and influential merchants and nobles travelling between the nations. The King of Poland begins to give money to expand these border castles to make them larger and able to hold much larger numbers of dignitaries and soldiers. Poland now sees greater economic growth as their economy is not only stable but able to grow rapidly on its own. However, the King of Poland grows older with each passing day and Sigismund uses the opportunity to influence the KIng of Poland and make him appoint Hungarian advisors for his day to day affairs. This only serves to strengthen the Hungarian position and Poland now begins to fall under greater influence of Hungary. The Polish army now begins to grow in strength once more, and thus begin training in larger groups. Missionaries are sent in ernest to try to convert any remaining pagans and add them to the fold of Christiandom. However, this will be done in a non-forceful manner. Both nations now see a large amount of trade conducted within each others' borders and this makes the merchants learn of each other's languages. Many become fluent in Polish while other fluent in Hungarian. Large irrigation channels have been created by workers, helping to expand the regions of farmland under the control of the crown. The Queen and the Princesses control the affairs of court. They decide on which systems need to be rebuilt and who needs what, handling the situation well and leaving many nobles sidelined. The war against the Ottoman Empire continues as soldiers fight to win more land and liberate Serbia from Ottoman's yoke. The Crown Prince leads his forces onto the Hungarian fleet and they sail south where they join up with Roman and Venetian forces, fighting in the south and opening up new fronts against the Ottomans. This will hopefully force them to go on the defensive and sue for peace.
  • The Kingdom of Croatia continues to see a large trading boom occur within the nation as it becomes the gates of the Hungarian realms and helps to attract customers and merchants to the nation as well as Hungary. The ports have completed a huge construction effort and are now much larger than they ever were before. The heavier vessels begin construction as a large number of them begin to be built for the crown. To do this a high amount of funds are allocated to the dockyards as they cut the wood and build the large fighting vessels for the Crown. A tariff for merchants trading is also in place but it is put at favourable levels with none for the Venetians due to the new alliance between the states and the amount of trading between them. Venetian traders are a common sight in Croatian ports, helping to bring in much revenue. Many Croat knights fight for the crown in the south - earning glory and helping the Hungarian cause.
  • In Garay, roads need to be remade due to their worsening condition and thus workers are drafted in to fix up the roads. Many nobles from Garay gain land and they use this land to help increase crop yields as well as the amount of trading ongoing between each of the nobles. The money is sent as taxes and used to upgrade the standings of the nobles themselves. Many men are also trained in military combat to make them more effective foot-soldiers. Although the Garay nobles lead their soldiers valliantly, many of their soldiers were attacked by Ottoman soldiers in the middle of the night. The soldiers were quick to respond and many held the line as the rest mobilised. Athough the result was a stalemate - most Garay nobles were killed fighting for the cause. Two members of House Garay survive - and they vow to keep fighting.
  • In Split, the nobles begin to work on creating standing armies to manage and controlling their lands. Castles continue being built in the vassal while many old ones are completely torn apart and their land allocated for peasants. The soldiers of the nobles who were executed are distributed between the present nobles and they quickly begin to adapt - training with their new fighting partners. The nation trains its knights hard and trains commoners too. The nobles join the war for their king.
  • Bosnia: Also sees a lot of economic and military growth. The nation begins to organise its own soldiers under the command of nobles who take part in knight competitions to increase their skill set while readying forces in case they are called up to defend the lands. Bosnia is used as a large base for the attacks against the Ottoman Empire, with a large portion of forces in the country present to rest and heal from battles.
  • Banu Sulaym: sees a lot of trading posts being set up while the Hungarian traders force the Emir of the nation to make it more tolerant so trading can easier occur and the people can live better lives. Many Muslims feel this is not good, but none can complain as soon as the ports begin to busscle with merchants who are buying and selling goods at a rapid rate. The vassal begins to develop economically. The nation continues to grow in trading and it opens new ports. Many begin to think that expanding inward could also be a good idea as it would help make the borders safer. The Emir finally agrees to it after building up resources for it. The nation expands 10,000 km inland.
    • Pick a lower number, the new maximum is 5000 according to scan and that is under the best of conditions and not being a vassal state. -Feud
  • Jochid Ulus: The Jochid ulus declares war on Novgorod, directly supporting their Scandinavian friends. The Ulus march over the border, taking over parts of Novgorodan Siberia. The new hand gonnes and infantrymen prove to be effective in balancing out the nomadic parts of the Jochid Army. Meanwhile, in anticipation of Muscovite attack, troops are also sent to Obran-Osh, Donets'k and other such border towns, with extremely large garisons in all areas. While migration because of economic means to the Ukraine stops during this period, military migration means a continued increase in the local Tatar population. In the heartland of the empire, however, the Mastorava continues to spread within the nation, as if normal. The expansion done by the Tatar and Mordvin families, however, almost completely ceases; only 150 sq km are colonised this year.
    • Great Perm: The artisans and merchants, with a lot to lose by war, convince the King to delay the aiding of the Jochids for some time. Perm remains strictly neutral. The economy grows, as arms are sold to both sides of the war by some merchants. Komi continues to be taught. Interest in a printing press grows.
    • Adyghea: With no news from the war yet, the economy grows. The population also does. Ossetic tribesmen found their first city in the far east, Mozdok.
      • It is implausible that you are "friends" with the UNC. You are a Mongol Horde and they are Scandinavia.
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. More firearm smiths are built in Oskemen.  As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We begin building a settlement near Lake Baikal and it starts to threaten the Jurchens. We continue to develop our firearms. Our fourth city is built and we continue our expansion. We continue to study the printing press and make more of them. We buy more books from China. We continue to influence the Chagatai into centralizing the North of their territory.

1452

Eruptions in recent history have a subsequent global cooling effect, decreasing temperatures around the world.

A few men remaining from Benin's Elite organize a large scale rebellion managing to secure former soldiers of Benin as well as a large militia. The Benin Liberation Army-  as it's called - begins the systematic slaughter of the Oyo peoples that settled their lands and have effectively pushed much of the Oyo people back into their home country. Oyo’s rivals support this new kingdom of Benin which gains +4 mil, +4 econ and +2 inf from its support. Suffering from a period of civil war and invasion, Oyo gains -5 in recent wars.

This is BS! There was no civil war! What are you up too? Benin isn't new. I destroyed their military, and their population was decimated. None of the nations around Oyo is its rivals, and are more concerned with their immediate neighbors than Oyo. That was an OTL fact. The rivals trying to destablize Oyo are like Bhutan trying to destablize China. It isn't going to happen ever. This event isn't plausible, and it's geared specifically to cripple my nation. ~Viva
First, you can't expect us to actually believe you that no one is concerned about a newly expansionist nation nearby them and claim it as an OTL fact (as this would probably had been due to OYO BEING A SMALL TRIBAL NATION rather than the kingdom it is right now) and then giving us an explanation that implies you being superior and more organized than they are - which contradicts OTL claim you just made. OYO = CHINA = (NOT EVEN WHEN HELL GETS FROZEN!) and if it did, everyone around you would be prepared for any war. So to end it, either you are a stable nation (Like China, to some extent) in which case you have foes all around you or you deny being stable which means you don't have foes. I mean, the only one to not fear you in your neighbourhood would be Mali. Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk) 05:52, March 25, 2014 (UTC)
My guess is that they'd be more concerned with Mali that Oyo. And these weren't some petty "tribal" kingdoms; these were advanced governments with cities, militaries and economies, and there are too many sources across the internet for you to use the term "tiny tribal nation" as if to destroy any attempt to make it seem these nations can't get bigger. It was for the same reason Burgundy and Switzerland didn't get any bigger than they did. And I'm not even going to bother with the reference to China. Benin is insignificant, and was always overshadowed by Oyo OTL and ATL. And the difference with China is that THEIR GOVERNMENT WAS NEVER DESTABILIZED BY SOME "PETTY TRIBAL KINGDOM". Learn the difference. You didn't have Vietnam or Tibet secretly plotting some civil war in China or slaughtering the local Chinese, because China would have destroyed them. They never equipped any "rebels" because their weren't any. There weren't any rebels in Benin because Oyo killed the native population and moved in. It was full of soldiers and there was nothing by a rump state next to it broke and left to die. I destroyed everything in Benin and yet you have the gall to say some Benin people magically appeared in the land, and were magically equipped by some tiny states that could barely support their own people. And you top it off by saying Oyo magically collapsed into civil war even though it was perfectly stable, and what you tried to pass off as a "civil war" was nothing but a failed coup that was swiftly put down the same year. I expanded peacefully for 30 years because you won't let me go anywhere else. I tried to develop technologies at home because you wouldn't let me have them. I try to develop ships plausibly, and the first thing you do is try to destroy my country. And pray tell, how is it that I fight a small uprising in a single year and get a -5 penalty? How is it that a tiny enemy army raised from a non-existant population manages to evade the largest army in the region and carve a swath of land out of the nation? This event stinks and it's filled with the kind of ignorance only a mod can match. ~Viva
You can't blame us when you made Ethiopia conquer half of the world implausibly and there's a huge diference between you and China. They are older than any organized state near them. Oyo's power is recent and Mali isn't over expanding you on the other hand ... Also, cut with the bias toward you, if you don't want to get bad stuff don't be implausible and travel to South Africa without reason and trch you would only have by miracle. Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk) 17:17, March 25, 2014 (UTC)
So, you reveal your true colors. These events are politically motivated. You're not causing them because they make sense or because they're plausible. You're causing them to prevent me from building an empire. Well then, it seems that you can't make any defense against the accusations of you being biased mods because you are. Thank you for saving us all time from trying to figure out what your real motives were. You just blurted them out. Oh, and remember, Germanica, Italia, China, Japan, Orissa, Scandinavia, Arabia, and Wales all expanded implausibly too, yet you only focused on me. I don't see you punishing any of them, but no worries, it doesn't matter anymore. ~Viva
Look, Viva. Yes some of those were ASB such as Orissa, Scandinavia, Wales and the Caliphate but Germanica, China and Italia certainly weren't. Germanica's empire was mainly in North América and Europe with some colonies outside those. Italy held only the CSA regions and Eastern Australia and China held only Hawaii and western Canadá. You con the otherside held land in almost every continent and several colonies in Alaska. And Ethiopia's top size would've been your Africana empire (divided in kingdoms or states) part of Brazil and Australia. Yet you were in the conquest of artículo lands and overexpanded but, well, one thing, I wasn't a mod then. I am now and I won't let you go ASB - nor will Feud. Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk) 21:23, March 25, 2014 (UTC)
So once again, you admit that this event's only purpose is to destroy my nation even though it's clearly ASB. You're using an implausible action to control a player's moves, which is metagaming. Once again, biased. ~Viva
Not quite, the intention of the event is not to destroy you, if not to avoid ASB implausibilities by delaying your advance until it can actually be possible (sometime in between 1500-1700) for you to dominate entirely that region. and unless you let yourself be destroyed by Benin (which I'm sure you aren't stupid enough to do) you are pretty much safe. Only take longer at doing stuff - like 25 years to make an average fleet and other 30 years to realistically get to South Africa, then no mods could actually tell you anything because you won't be doing anything too farfetched. Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk)

More violent uprisings occur in Soconusco, as well as some in the other southern vassals. Troops continue moving into these regions to put the rebellions down. Some soldiers from the outlying regions defect from the military to go home and support their families and villages.

Is this a joke? I'm now having multiple southern regions and vassals rebel? For what reason? I've already calmed Soconusco down. Maybe IDK, read my damn turns. SwankyJ (talk) 00:17, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

Have to agree with Swanky here - this is getting a little ridiculous and the stuff about the Oyo seems a bit OTT. Ozymandias2 (talk) 00:19, March 25, 2014 (UTC)
It seems to me as though these revolts are actually against the rules. "Moderators may cause events affecting all players of a certain region or only players who have expanded implausibly." It is my understanding that these revolts are only targeting Swanky. Therefore, the only legal reason is if he has expanded implausibly, which he has not. Historically, the Zapotecs kept the Aztecs from expanding, (http://clio.missouristate.edu/chuchiak/New%20Webpage%20Images/HST%20397--Theme%2019---Timeline_of%20Zapotec%20History.htm)
but in this game, since the Aztecs are allied with the Zapotecs, it is perfectly plausible for the Aztecs to expand as much as Swanky did. It has also been a few turns since Swanky made any major expansion, giving no reason for these revolts. I am beginning to come under the belief that you are attempting to make the colonization era easier for the Europeans and any other nation who may move into the Americas. This belief is founded upon the fact that every North American civilization has been a target of a natural disaster or revolt. The Aztec Empire, the largest threat to colonization in America (which isn't all that strong compared to the European nations), has been a target of SEVERAL natural events and revolts. The only reason I can see for these disasters is that you're trying to weaken the most powerful American tribe. The only reason for that would be to make expansion into the Americas easier. These disasters are unfounded, and if they do not stop, I WILL call for your impeachment. Please stop abusing your power to turn the game in your favor. TheNoseKnight (talk) 01:05, March 25, 2014 (UTC)
I am on the mods side here. Although Swanky has slowed his expansion recently, he went from being completely encirled by the Zapotec to having a large empire in a very short period. That will cause insatblity. Also, he seems to be treating them more like states than vassals, IMO. What is this????Is this a signature??? (talk) 01:11, March 25, 2014 (UTC)
The event is plausible, you've expanded too fast without much work and before this events you hadn't faced any sort of opposition. In a region such as this, I mean some Mexican tribes helped the Spanish just to eliminate the Aztec domination in their nations. Same principle applies here. and PEOPLE, REVOLTS HAPPEN - AND ESPECIALLY THOSE ETHNICALLY TRIGGERED, AND GENOCIDES DON'T REALLY HELP YOU OUT. Sometimes that only encourages people into fights that they would've never entered, ''''otherwise ... Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk)
WHAT!? When the twitterly twats was genocide mentioned? You can't claim there was a genocide, this is ridiculous. SwankyJ (talk) 13:30, March 25, 2014 (UTC)
Since when did Swanky commit genocide? This is just another case of bad disaster management. So far as I can see, the mods are deciding the event AND the players reaction. Which defeats the point of having players. Also if he isn't committing genocide, then he won't be having many revolts from other ethnic groups, and killing a large amount because a large amount rebelled isn't genocide. It's a revolt that loses. - Kunarian
I agree, Kun. The mods shouldn't be able to dictate my reaction, and when I do react the next event shouldn't be able to just disregard how I did respond. I wouldn't genocide or kill people. As I have been expanding and creating vassals and city-states under my management. Peacefully, I have never aggressively expanded. SwankyJ (talk) 13:55, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

First, I never said that Swanky did any sort of Genocide. That part was aimed at Rex and Viva (and Feudal). It was said out of an example. However, Swanky, you do deserve this. You've expanded at least five times and the Aztec expansion was never peaceful. Either way, you've overexpanded In a messy region at this time and finally the mods don't do anything to handle or force you to. We only present certain situations that you need to face and deal with. Instead, you come here and whine as if your empires were better than China when your empires are recent and relatively unstable with low level tech. And to finish, this is only the first scannish purging as he was away and is now putting in effect some mod rulings from long ago and the only mod event I recognize was unlikely is Venice's. Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk)

First, learn how to use punctuation. your argument lost a lot of credibility because it's hard to make sense of it. Second, how did Swanky overexpand, and even if he did, he was already punished and doesn't deserve more punishment. And the event IS forcing a reaction. The first one said he put down the rebellion brutally, this one says, and I quote, "Troops continue moving into these regions to put the rebellions down." When has Swanky said ANYTHING about moving in troops. His response to the first revolt was, "The Emperor Montezuma II begins making diplomatic preparations with the local governors of Soconusco." NOWHERE in there does it mention moving in troops. If you're not forcing Swanky's hand, then why are troops moving in? TheNoseKnight (talk) 20:04, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

Because solving it diplomatically is not really a thing in an empire of this time and region. And whether or not this mod event is allowed to stand is irrelevant to the fact that A) Swanky expanded rapidly and B) annexation of a vassal will not change separatist beliefs unless you plan to act with some muscle behind it. Are you asking how did he overexpand? Look at the nation list for his region! Almost all of the nations have his name next to them, and he was completely encircled two decades ago. Also, if you want to use Sine's less then stellar grammar (no offence, mine isn't much better) as an argument against him, you should proofread your own post. "The first one said he put down the rebellion brutally, this one says, and I quote," is not proper grammar either. What is this????Is this a signature??? (talk) 20:48, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

First off, if you even had proof of the Aztecs only solving problems through force, it wouldn't matter. This isn't a representation of the actual history of the world. I would also like to remind you those nations were created by me. So yes, I split my kingdom into vassals. That way I could organize myself, creating different districts around the empire. Later I annexed them deciding they were no longer needed to fully provide and be under me, but within me. Also, the mods do not have the right to dictate my actions. I am "whining" because this is bull, and I am now being attacked in an event for a third time - when I clearly stated I'm not expanding anymore. Also take into account I've already dealt with the situation yet the new mod event disregarded it, as I said so before. I've been able to expand so quickly because the territory is disorganized. I expanded at a rate of five to 20 pixels every turn. Not a very fast rate. And Sine, don't ever belittle me. Don't act so high and mighty. SwankyJ (talk) 21:35, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

Annexing a vassal will not deal with separatists. Also I'm pretty sure the plausible reaction would be to use force in this event, trying to solve it by negotiations wouldn't work. Also, you never really stated how you solved this, you only said they accepted annexation which would make little sense if they were in rebellion for freedom the year prior. While you said that they would be swallowed by hostile nations, the reason for the rebellions in the mod event is cited as them believing they are just as, if not more, prosperous than your home nation. What is this????Is this a signature??? (talk) 22:04, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

"The Emperor Montezuma II begins making diplomatic preparations with the local governors of Soconusco. He explains that they are a new vassal, and small as well. With the new aggressive tribes in the south, and the somewhat hostile thought of Mayans/Yucatan people. The Emperor expresses that leaving the empire would just be unwise all around. Without the empire's protection, the city-states, which have become aggressive in the south would surely swallow them up, if an Aztec banner did not hang from their gates." They are not prosperous. They are a new vassal, and a very small one. I created them when I went south passing the Zapotec. Negotations did work. And you are not the one that gets to decide if they do, as it is my vassal, and under my control. SwankyJ (talk) 22:11, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

BTW Sine, while you continue to read these posts, quit cheating! You can only expand one category per turn. Not two. SwankyJ (talk) 22:12, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

Either way, forcing a nation's actions are not what mods should be doing unless in the absence of a player. This is the same issue that we had to tackle way back in the HRE debacle. While annexation of a region will not calm all separatists, it will force the central authorities to centralize their administration of the area, making countering such revolts easier. "This is not your grave but you are welcome in it." 22:37, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

What is this???? Is this a signature???, are you 12? Missing one "s" because of a mistype is not a grammar error, it is a typo. Missing 12 commas while using a run-on sentence is a grammar error. "... which would make little sense if they were rebellion for freedom the year prior." is a grammar error. Not missing one "s." I agree with Swanky, Soconusco is clearly not prosperous and there's NO WAY that an unprosperous vassal like that would believe they were prosperous. That's like saying Burundi is prosperous. They're one of the poorest countries in the world. Saying that Soconusco thinks they're prosperous is implausible. And while I'm on the topic of plausibility, it's perfectly plausible for Swanky to have expanded as much (which isn't very much) as he did. Looking at the FACTS, which everyone seems to ignore, the Aztecs were an extremely dominant civilization. "But NoseKnight, there's no way he could have expanded THAT much." Oh, really? Let's look at the facts. The Aztecs were so powerful that they were able to defend themselves from the Spanish and Tlaxcala together. http://www.aztec-history.com/aztec-timeline.html The only reason they were defeated was because of the smallpox. Being able to defeat an army much more advanced than you are, plus a native rival requires a HUGE amount of dominance. A dominant empire like that could EASILY expand FAR MORE than Swanky expanded, and they would be so powerful that no one would even THINK that they were more prosperous than the empire, in this case, the Aztecs. TheNoseKnight (talk) 22:53, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

No need for that kind of insult. "This is not your grave but you are welcome in it." 23:14, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

Good point Nose, I agree. The Aztec were a very highly technological people. They had required schooling and education, with great farming technique. So great they had an absence of horses, yet they still farmed like champions, using crop circle, and irrigation systems. SwankyJ (talk) 23:19, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

Swanky, without horses their empire size at their plausible peak beyond 1492 without America being discovered would've been top half of Mexico in size due to the lack of horses Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk) 23:26, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

it seems we have a Grammar Nazi here, but OK. Well, thing is, Aztecs took twice the time it has taken for Swanky to expand to that size, and even the Aztecs had a population that hated them. Thing is that they didn't revolt because they knew their possible outcome, at least not until the Spanish came around, but the thing is that his expansion now has been even bigger in a shorter amount of time which in his case only extends a military of a nation of the size of Sicily or Cyprus over an area of the size of Italy or France. There aren't ever going to be enough soldiers to keep revolts from happening, at least not yet. Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk)

But I'm not using soldiers to end the revolt. And they wouldn't revolt in the first place. And I have already explained why my expansion is plausible. SwankyJ (talk) 23:38, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

Wouldn't it be best to move all of this onto the talk page? It's clogging everything up. Ozymandias2 (talk) 23:59, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

Sine, it's as I ALREADY SAID. The Aztec expansion was inhibited by the Zapotecs, but since Swanky is allied with the Zapotecs, he can expand farther. Is it really that difficult for you to understand? TheNoseKnight (talk) 00:12, March 26, 2014 (UTC)

BTW, NoseKnight, you can't criticise people for their 'grammar errors' when 'grammar error' isn't grammatically correct. It should be 'grammatical error'. :)

In the Holy Roman Empire many German nobles and leaders petition the Austrian monarch to resolve territorial disputes involving foreign powers seizing control of their homelands. Concerns over UNC, Prussia, French and Neapolitan expansionism into the empire are at the fore and demands on the Austrian monarch grow stronger.

  • careful ... careful ... play it well ...
  • Trier: We upgrade our military and economy. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne, and Austria and her vassals. After a successful campaign against the Ottoman Empire in defense of Christianity and the people of Europe, we recall our soldiers to Trier. War continues against the United Norse Crown.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate: The daimyo of the Date, Date Kenshin, is crowned Shogun, changing his name to Ashikaga Kenshin to benefit from the standing of the Ashikaga clan. In his coronation speech, the Shogun calls for closer ties between the daimyos based on trade. Ambassadors are sent throughout the archipelago, trying to negotiate an alliance between the Ashikaga and other states, headed by the Ashikaga but keeping the various states intact and autonomous. Mod response needed, please.
    • ​Date Clan: The Date celebrate the coronation of their daimyo as the new Shogun, along with their new elevated status within Japan. The Date territory is given a new status as a province of the Shogunate, with a governor appointed by the Shogun to implement rule from Kyoto. The Ashikaga taxation reforms of 1442 are the first changes seen in the new province, with money levied being sent to Kyoto.
    • Mod Response: As long as they're intact and retain large degrees of autonomy, I see no problem with such an alliance. Callumthered (talk)
  • Aragon, which has built up its navy, economy and new infrastructure and roads for the last fifty turns, continues to do the same. Meanwhile, the nobility continues to be patrons of the arts - unlike the nobles in the other uncultured nations of Europe. Furthermore, Aragon's trade prowess increases as does its expanse of knowledge. With the shift to the Consuete, the age of free thinking continues and new scientific discoveries are made. Aragon continues to seek trade agreements with the Dutch who can not even see their own name in boldface. Also, King Charles offers his daughter's hand in marriage to the person in Castile who is looking for a princess. Furthermore, Aragon continues to fortify its two ports on the Navarrese coast. Aragon sends diplomats to France to see if Aragon could purchase a few Atlantic ports or rent them at great cost due to Aragon's wealth. Art and science continue to flourish as they have for the last damn fifteen years and ideas continue to be brought back from far off lands.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice offers a trade deal with the Aragonese and asks if they will adopt the Venetian Ducat and Lira or if they will peg it to their own currency, as to facilitate trade between Venice and Aragon. Venice also offers to establish a branch of the Roscol Bank in their nation, to act as an investment bank for merchants and entrepreneurs, building the economy of Aragon. The Roscol Bank will also invest in the government of Aragon in the form of bonds and will offer low interest loans whenever necessary, increasing the spending power of the Aragonese government. (note: this does not mean you will have no other banks or you can't have your own, it just means that you now also have the Roscol Bank boosting your economy and government).
  • Aztec Empire: Emperor Montezuma II has reached the age of 32. The Emperor Montezuma II begins making diplomatic preparations with the local governors of Soconusco. He explains that they are a new vassal, and small as well. With the new aggressive tribes in the south, and the somewhat hostile thought of Mayans/Yucatan people. The Emperor expresses that leaving the empire would just be unwise all around. Without the empire's protection the city-states, which have become aggressive in the south would surely swallow them up, if an Aztec banner did not hang from their gates. With Soconus understanding this, the Emperor issues for more fishing ships to be built [202] as well as the navy to be increased [70]. With the new technology for ships being complete. With a large crossbow mounted on the front of the ships which can either fire a broad spear or rope ballista shot, enabling the Aztecs to reel in the enemy ships, or firing at the enemy. Throughout the great land, infrastructure is expanded. Massive numbers of schools are built putting many non-working children into a proper education, requiring most of them to go to school. Wells and aqueducts are now common sights throughout the land. Water is now largely available to the people, as the memories of the drought and its effects begins to fade away. The empire now takes in the vassal of Soconusco, annexing it into the imperial state. Which much acceptance, the people graciously accept, apologizing for the last year's rebelliousness.
    • Atotonilco (vassal of the Aztec Empire): The vassal expands its fishing ships [88] in the Atlantic Ocean. The navy is constructed [32] with the new adoption of the weapon created at the universities of Tenochtitlan. Infrastructure is expanded. The vassal begins to be annexed peacefully and willingly into the empire.
    • Zacatollan (vassal of the Aztec Empire): Xilopolco is now the capital of the vassal in the north. It has grown very large that it now holds a population of 29,000 people. The Aztec navy is built up [58]. Infrastructure is expanded building schools and temples throughout the vassal. Funded by the economic power house of Tenochtitlan. The vassal begins to be annexed peacefully and willingly into the empire.
    • Aztec diplomacy: We give the people of the Yucatan one more year to accept our trade rights and NAP, but with the outright ignorance and avoidance of the empire, the Aztecs begin to grow impatient and dishonored. It calls upon the Zapotec Alliance, if any militaristic decisions are to be made.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: With no response from the UNC, it is decided to declare war and move into UNC-controlled Bremen and Holstein. The Bishop of Hamburg gives his support for the attack, as he is also the Bishop of Bremen. The newly trained Hamburg army utilizes rows of arquebusiers supported by pikemen, while themselves supported by long- and crossbowmen. Lippe and Bruchhausen send their own armies with them. Hamburg calls upon the members of the German Union and Holy Roman Empire to support.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice asks if the Hamburgers will adopt the Venetian Ducat and Lira or if they will peg it to their own currency, as to facilitate trade between Venice and Hamburg. Venice also offers to establish a branch of the Roscol Bank in Hamburg, to act as an investment bank for merchants and entrepreneurs, building the economy of Hamburg. The Roscol Bank will also invest in the government of Hamburg in the form of bonds and will offer low interest loans whenever necessary, increasing the spending power of the Hamburger government. (note: this does not mean you will have no other banks or you can't have your own, it just means that you now also have the Roscol Bank boosting your economy and government, although using it preferencially will increase the amount it is able to assist you)
    • Hamburger Dip: Hamburg will peg the Ducat with its local currency, and a branch of the Roscol Bank will be built in Hamburg, in return its asked a branch of the Bank of Hamburg would be allowed in Venice.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice accepts the deal, glad to have the peg and to accept the Bank of Hamburg into Venice.
  • Ica-Nazca: We begin to vassalize Sican (One of Four turns). We continue to meld the Chimor culture with our own.
    • Chancay (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand our military and send soldiers to the capital city, Chan Chan.
    • Chimor (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand our economy and send some of our goods to the capital city, Chan Chan.
  • Cuzco: We begin influencing the Wanka (Turn One of Four). We work on the military.
  • Chiribaya: We expand another 20 km southeast.
  • Mangut Nivkhgu expands 5000 sq km into interior Sakhalin. The Tiger's Hand pastry still has not been invented. (This post condemned by the NIvkh Pastry Chef's Union as noncompliant with the Fair Work Act of 2014)
  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The relation with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continue to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc. The policy of rapprochement toward Sicily and also our influence on the island ends with the vassalization of the Kingdom of Sicily, the King Peter III accept the leadership of Italy.
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continue. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies; is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy in one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continue the loyal service to Italy.
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles.
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom.
    • Vatican City: Pope Pius III continue the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope like his predecessor condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The Pope in his speeches also continues condemning the current lack of security of pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, which the Christian nations have a priority to recover these places and they are missing to the will of God.
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve.
  • France: military and economy are built up and the preparation for a better war machinery begins, on a sidenote, Italian settlers from northern regions such as Milan and Venice are brought to the kingdom in order to populate some regions and to increase the population in the regions. The vassalization of Armagnac is complete. We continue the vassalage of Brittany. Navy expands.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up.
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up.
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up.
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. 
  • The Kingdom of England (member state of the Kingdoms of Greater Albion): English military and navy are expanded with many new war cogs being added to the English fleets. The North Sea trade is almost completely dominated by the North Sea Trading Alliance (Holland and Albion, mostly). Nordic and English culture continues to blend, with stories of the mythical Norse gods becoming popular reading among the wealthy segments of the population. Scotland continues to integrate the government fully with that of England and of Albion in full. Work with the Celts continue in Scotland and Ireland working to bring the two cultures closer together. Albion sends more explorers to Africa, particularly in the OTL regions of Sierra Leone and the Ivory Coast. Edmund Trading Port in OTL Sierra Leone continues to see expansive trade and is renamed Edmundburgh. Due to the damage to the palaces, King Edmund elects to move the seat of Albion temporarily to York while the repairs to central London continues. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. New and larger, more powerful ships are built as well as the Albionic equivalent to the Norse Karak, but with more guns and a slightly larger masthead. English explorers begin to map the coast of Africa for the King, making it down the coast near OTL Gabon. James Severus' famous book, The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past becomes a popular read across the Isles and is shipped abroad with trade merchants, spreading Anglo-Celt culture far and wide. Hearing of the instability in Morocco through traders and through government channel, a small English fleet is detached with an army to be used at the will of Castile and Morocco to help defend the territory. The Albion foreign minister states it is because of religous conviction as well as a concern of instability in the region, that these troops are offered. After decades of construction, the navy now hovers at more than 140 ships from England (Wales and England) alone, with the combined fleets of all of Albion the number is closer to 200, a feat that would not have been possible without the wisdom of the Admiralty. The hope is by the end of the next few decades the fleet size will double. The navy has always been, and will continue to be, a priority of His Majesty's crown government. (Yes, I know, historically England did not have a large navy 'til the mid 1500s, but this timeline has diverged much from the OTL, and with the combined naval forces of all of Albion, this number and slightly higher is possible. It is possible in large part, due to the domination of English merchants working in concert with Holland to establish a trade hegmony, which can not be done with no ships.)
    • Dublin: After the years of upgrading, Dublin becomes a shining jewel in the Eire. Dublin founds the Bank of Eire as an offshoot of the Bank of England. The Bank of England sees modernization. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past become a popular read in Dublin, one of the most important trading ports in Eire. 
    • Wales: The Welsh military and navy are expanded. The Welsh begin to see the fruits of all the English banking investments as large areas of the nation see improvements in infrastructure. Representation in the Albion Parliament increases as a minor population boom in and around Cardiff begins. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North.
    • Just copy-pasting for Andrew Callumthered (talk) 09:53, March 25, 2014 (UTC)
  • County of Oldenburg: The economy grows thanks to an inrease in the OHG's profits. The Board of the company attributes this to the new colony in Neu Baltrum, as well as to the new independence of the Netherlands. In Neu Baltrum, the first child is born. The unfortunate child is called Baltrum. The six families now living on the island work on their farms. The volcanic soil is reasonably good for agriculture, and the hardy sheep and goats thrive. The pigs aren't doing as well, but they are coping.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The military expands, and ten more young men take their vows joining the Order of the Seraphim. The Prince-Bishop writes yet another pahphlet denouncing the current claimants to the papacy, and again urging for another conclave to decide on one pope for all Catholicism (ie the "Catholic" church, "Western" church, and Sedevacantist church). The pamphlet is sent to Mainz for printing, from whence the Bishop's agents will distribute it throughout Christendom.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice asks if the Oldenburgers will adopt the Venetian Ducat and Lira or if they will peg it to their own currency, as to facilitate trade between Venice and Oldenburg. Venice also offers to establish a branch of the Roscol Bank in Oldenburg, to act as an investment bank for merchants and entrepreneurs, building the economy of Oldenburg. The Roscol Bank will also invest in the government of Oldenburg in the form of bonds and will offer low interest loans whenever necessary, increasing the spending power of the Oldenburger government. (note: this does not mean you will have no other banks or you can't have your own, it just means that you now also have the Roscol Bank boosting your economy and government, although using it preferencially will increase the amount it is able to assist you)
    • Oldenburger Diplomacy: Count Dietrich heartily thanks the Venetians for their kind offer. He says that although he would rather keep the Oldenburger Gelder, he will most certainly peg it to the Ducat and will not only accept the Roscol Bank, but will give it a rent-free spot in the middle of Oldenburg. His Transparency tells the Venetians that the ports of Oldenburg are always welcome to them, and if ever they need whale/seal/auk products, they should not hesitate.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Doge rejoices to the Counts response. He announces that all whale, seal and auk products from Oldenburg will be free from any sort of tariff and Venice shall begin trading for the valuable products immediately.
  • Rumania: As negotiations continue in Adrianople many soldiers return home. The return of thousands of laborers allows some mines to re-open. However, many never do. The amount of printed material grows and spreads rapidly across the country. Priests are known to teach their followers some basic reading and writing, though this is very rare. Now 18 Radu I of Rumania takes full control. However, he does not disband the council his father created, only weakening it. The development of gunpowder weapons is continued. The prince also institutes many economic reforms in addition to the tax reforms of 1459, which streamline the system of taxation. A small force is left in the occupied area of Bulgaria, to prevent mischief.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice asks if the Rumanians will adopt the Venetian Ducat and Lira or if they will peg it to their own currency, so as to facilitate trade between Venice and Rumania. Venice also offers to establish a branch of the Roscol Bank in Rumania, to act as an investment bank for merchants and entrepreneurs, building the economy of Rumania. The Roscol Bank will also invest in the government of Rumania in the form of bonds and will offer low interest loans whenever necessary, increasing the spending power of the Rumanian government. (note: this does not mean you will have no other banks or you can't have your own, it just means that you now also have the Roscol Bank boosting your economy and government, although using it preferencially will increase the amount it is able to assist you).
    • Rumanian Diplomacy: We accept the Venetian offer.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice is glad and asks whether the Rumanians would want Venice to build a mint for the Ducat and Lira in the Roscol Bank?
  • Venetian Republic:
    • Books on various topics spread from Venice throughout Europe, beginning the Renaissance. Printed in the Venetian language, they teach of the sciences and humanities and revive learning, spreading knowledge (as well as the language) far and wide.
    • With the increased supply of Ducats, the fluidity of European trade increases.
    • Many people sentenced to death are drowned in the canals as is the Venetian tradition. The tradition is becoming the primary way to execute criminals and is spreading to the Venetian territories across Europe.
    • Fine wool and silk clothing from Titani is exported across the Mediterranean and Black Sea and begins to set the trend in Renaissance clothing.
    • Venetian trade reaches across the known world. Merchant ships carry salt, silks, glass and a collection of other goods, both common and rare. Venetian traders are the largest carriers of trade in Europe, with the thousands of ships and a trading tradition continuing to fuel this.
      • May I just note this does not mean richest - although Venice is definitely near the top. Richness in trade means export>import and Venice does absolutely loads of both. Venice is simply carrying the most trade, which means moving it from A to B, who profits from it isn't necessarily Venice. For instance, Greece has the world's largest trade fleet in the world OTL, but it certainly isn't rich. While China has the richest trade in the world OTL, they certainly don't carry even the majority of their own trade. Just making this clear.
    • The Roscol Bank uses local subsidiaries all across Europe to fund trade, with a leaning toward funding trade with Venice. They also fund enterprises across the continent, boosting the economies of the nations which they inhabit. The Roscol Bank invests conservatively. While this doesn't bring in as much wealth as other nations' banking, such as the Dutch, it results in a much more robust level of equity.
    • In Veneto the Doge continues to work on the Ducat. A key member of the "Learned Society of Saint Mark" is blessed with a son (this will be OTL Da Vinci, he's being divided up as a person amongst a few nations so its just one aspect), he vows to bring him up to be the greatest learner of Europe. With the end of conflict and the beginning of talks with the Ottomans, Dragano pursues a limited set of demands. Hungary brings new energy to Venetian trade as they return from a slump boosting tariff collection. With the laspe in Netherlander Banking and Trading due to their conflict, Venetians have taken over their trade in the Mediterranean. The Roscol Bank seeks to expand its official branches, not content with local subsidiaries. The Roscol Bank looks to Austria and Germany for this expansion, as the Dutch have lost their Banking influence across much of the HRE.
    • In Porto Tolle Potensa Antonio preaches against the Catholic Church, stating that they violate the true word of God and of Saint Mark. He points to the finery in which they dress and the gold and silver they horde. He and his followers, called Drowners or Negàrseor, empty the local church of its wealth and the Potensa spreads it around the city as alms. However, upon hearing of this act many devout Catholics are outraged believing that Antonio has violated the sanctity of the church.
    • In Istra the new Potensa works on further increasing relations with Hungary, sending an envoy to treat with border lords.
    • In Scutari 950 men are now part of the guard. With the war almost over, some men return to Scutari.
    • In the Epirote Free Ports the Sarandan trade fleet begins to operate in the Adriatic. Titani clothes production continues to increase, furniture production continues to remain stable but in the later year the Superpotensa dies leaving the city in mourning. In Preveza Superpotensa Euthymius dies, killed in a street fight when retainers of merchants attacked his guard, a new Superpotensa is elected, still under the control of the guilds but more eager to repair relations.
    • In the Peloponnese Barbus heralds the war against the Ottomans as over and congradulates the people on their resolve. Later on in the year he dies of old age, a new Potensa is elected in the later year.
    • In Attica the Potensa of Menidi hears of the preaching against the lavish nature of the Catholic Church, he looks to the Orthodox church and decides the same. He, too, begins influencing people, preaching of the teachings of the Bible and St Mark and against sinful lifestyles.
    • In Morocco the year's construction is hampered by supply issues. Seeing the issue of the Moroccans, the Potensas influence immigrants to come from across the Venetian Empire to the cities of Morocco. The influx is slow but is beginning to build a stable and loyal base of people in Morocco. Meanwhile, some Potensas also practise leniency toward the Muslim populace as well as conversion.
    • Eco-turn
  • Epirote Republic: the mercenaries are disbanded. Dragano feels that it is unfortunate he could not claim anything for Epirus. He decides to further the economy of Epirus by funding the establishment of a branch of the Roscol Bank in the nation. It begins to fund Eprius trade and business and funds spending through the government.
    • Eco-turn
  • Venetian Empire:
    • In the Province of Aegina Conte Uberto continues to stem immigration, wanting to preserve the Aeginean culture. He works on building new houses, hiring architects to try to make the designs unique to Aegina. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Athens Superpotensa Oliverio decides to introduce a court for business disputes, he has it built in the centre of the settlement of Porto Leone, the magistrates there are trained to mediate conflict between merchants and enterprises. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Candia the Arsenal of Candia allows for 20 more ships to be maintained after they are pruchased. The Conte decides to invest in the building of a shipyard in Candia, aiming to make Candia a self-suficient sea power. Inf-turn
    • In the Corfiot Protectorate the Red Army of Corfu secures the Aegean islands, they have earned a fearsome reputation for their volleys of arrows amongst the forces of both sides of the war. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Kaffa the Kaffan fleet returns to Kaffa, and once more continues to trade across the Golden Sea. Inf-turn
    • In the Naxian Protectorate the Naxian fleet returns to Naxos, they were not known to be the most dangerous ships but they certainly were known as the fastest and most manueverable. The Naxian sailors are starting to learn about the idea of riding into the wind. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Negroponte the city of Negroponte continues to improve its capacity for processing mined products into goods. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Ragusa the Black Guard return home, Ragusa throws a festival for their return and hails them as heroes. The Superpotensa grants all of those who served lands outside the city as payment for their courage. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Valona the Conte faces immediate issues from his underlings, many are jealous and others believe themselves to be better lords and merchants wish for Venice to institute the Republican reforms quicker. Meanwhile, Venice begins building a port for the Valonans. Inf-turn
  • Mayan Empire: After years of war, the Mayan people are united once more by Yucatan, and begin recovering from the wars. Rebuilding begins, and several cities are worked upon.
    • Aztec diplomacy: We give the people of the Yucatan one more year to accept our trade rights and NAP, but with the outright ignorance and avoidance of the empire, the Aztecs begin to grow impatient and dishonored. It calls upon the Zapotec Alliance, if any militaristic decisions are to be made.
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. More firearm smiths are built in Oskemen.  As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We begin building a settlement near Lake Baikal and it started to threaten the Jurchens. We continue to develop our firearms. Our fourth city is built and we continue our expansion. We continue to study the printing press and make more of it. We buy more books from China. We continue to influence the Chagatai into centralizing the North of their territory. We begin building up our military and increasing military development.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite do their job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. The merchants that continually travel between Kohm, Aoch and Ava continue to allow for some of the populations of those nations to continue to convert to Islam. Due to trade with China and other Middle Eastern nations, cannon and hand cannon designs become more common, leading most of the landed elite to continue to outfit their levies with cannons and hand cannons. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. Several schools and universities continue construction in the ten largest cities in Bengal, hoping to prompt better education in several different fields of study.
    • Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslims settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom declares himself to be King of Assam, also called Kamarupa in this time since he now controls his grandson's lands which were the Maharaja of Koch.
  • TIbet: Tibet continues to influence Pegu and Lanna by sending merchants from the Royal Tibetan Trading Company with goods from all over Tibet. The coronation ceremony takes place within the Potala Palace in Lhasa. The Queen Mother is crowned Desi (regent) and the Prince is crowned Gongma.  Economy is expanded.
    • Chutiya: Tibet sends workers to help with farming in the region. Military is expanded.
    • Taungoo: Taungoo begins to educate its people on better farming practices. Taungoo profits from trade throughout Tibet and its vassals. The Queen Mother has agreed to only allow Tibetans in the north of Taungoo closest to the Shan States for now and the native Taungoo will be in the rest of the country. 
  • Castile: The Castilian economy continues a larger process of pulling in more money through trade. The Castilians begin to send missionaries into Morocco in hopes of converting populations. The infrastructure of Castile is also expanded more. Castile, in order to facilitate more conversions to Christianity, imposes higher taxes on non-Christians in the areas it controls personally or by proxy through its vassals. Castile has successfully mapped large parts of the African coast south of Morocco and down as far as their settlements in Capo Verde. The developing class in Castile of skilled artisans, merchants, blacksmiths and the like has led to a large increase in productivity of the country with even a few researchers managing to work on new designs - including a more efficient hand cannon which gets its own dedicated corps in the developing Royal army of Castile. The Castilian nobility begins to adapt toward a newer system to revamp or work on their power as they move toward becoming advisors to the king and less involved in their feudal estates which while growing have developed Guilds to facilitate payments for the efforts of the men working, The expert worksmanship of many of these men has seen notable increase in productivity for each feudal state with most lords not complaining. The Kingdom's cities begin to be improved with somewhat better sanitation and the King hires architects to plan out a sewer system, as well as a true plan for multiple major cities. Castile begins a major process of researching the arquebus acquired and develops its own version which is used to replace the hand cannons which is finally finished. The Castilian navy, using the Canaries as a base, continually explore the area and discover a new island chain, the closest island is able to be settled and a small settlement springs up on the islands and is built up and styled as a resupply base. Capo Verde now fully settled is continually built up to accommodate Castile's military, navy and exploratory fleets The construction of a new kind of warship with cannons is completed - a heavy warship much more powerful than most other ships of the time. The King notices the heavily increased productivity and income flow due to his hands off policy and non-interference and begins to allow artists, minstrels and other artistic and scientific minds to become more prevalent in Castile, many believe the Castilian Renaissance is imminent. Castile, due to its naval range, high income, extensive and dominant trade network, becomes one of the largest and most dynamic trade empires of the Atlantic and Western Mediterranean. The Castilian navy with its new heavy warships and some new updated designs for older ships organizes a heavy royal fleet phasing out past organizations. The Royal army of Castile has now almost wholly replaced the previous feudalistic military forces and has a size of nearly 50,000 and growing thanks in part to the good funding being provided by the king. In order to make up for lost power the King as behest of his new wife, and several of his friends who are nobles create a king's advisory council which officially has the power of the king in many matters if authorized. The men are also given station to criticize the kings actions to keep him from going crazy with power. The Knights Hospitaller are moved more into Castile with their professional fighting strength and religious zeal used to patrol the borders of Castile's Gibraltar province. The Knights are also given the authority to police the majority Christian Tangiers now, and effectively prevent many Muslims from coming over the border to wreak havoc. Castile begins considering opening up talks to relieve Granada of a primarily Christian province and a possible problem in the future for the country and giving it to the Knights Hospitaller to set up a kingdom or set up their organization in the area. King John secretly does this with the willing knights who have left Cyprus to prevent channelling their religious zeal into border patrolling. Castile's navy, now heavily funded and expanded greatly, reaches a large amount of combat and tradeworthy ships and with its trade from Oyo, and various supply bases establishes military and trade dominance over the West African areas as well as its locality in the Mediterranean. The Castilian trade dominance in West Africa remains unbudged as Castile directly owns and has the majority of the gold and ivory trades coming out of West and North Africa. Castile's population reaches around 4.9 million and growing. (I have been focusing heavily on growth of population and have not been involved in nearly the amount of destructive wars as OTL Castile has been). The Castilian Renaissance reaches its full swing with art and scientific advancement being allowed by the State as many of the religious fanatics and dissidents are fighting in Morocco, along with this, the highly respected middle and artisan classes are able to afford a much better living with various artists painting great works and with one even gaining an audience with the royal family for a painting. The Castilian navy reaches a large force of nearly 550 ships using the huge funding from Castile's conquests, trading, and other situation to fund this navy.  Castile begins looking for betrothals to Prince Henry, Prince Carlos and Princess Maria with Princess Elenor being reserved for Italy's heir to officially solidify Castile and Italy's full dynastic union (between you giving me your daughter and me giving you mine our dynasties will be the same). The technology of the Castilian navy is improved heavily as the king begins to focus more on the quality of his ships rather than the quantity. The exploration continues just below the Kongo as the Castilian exploration parties manage to gather supplies from the Kongos friendlier tribes. These exploratory parties have reached OTL Angola and a little bit farther south but supply constraints and lack of knowledge of the area prevents further progress. Castile begins sending missionaries to the Kongo to convert the Friendlier tribes. Castile continues to convert to the western church with the king and his royal family attempting to preach about the new church and its benefits to the common man and not keeping them in the dark. This continued outright preaching causes an issue as a secret assassin attempts to kill King John of Castile. However, in a show of expert agility and swordsmanship in his old age allows the king to Not only disarm the assailant but capture him. The Royal Guard unmasks the man as a Castilian noble who before being executed leads on that a small group of nobles are plotting against the king and his family. This, however, leaves the remaining nobles scared as King John using personally loyal advisors and troops to begin a series of inquiries and investigations. To protect the kingdom from a possible issue he also begins to deploy the royal army in an attempt to prevent a major rebellion. This is largely successful as King John confirms the loyalty of various generals and nobleman this way but manages to gather a list of men who he believes are plotting against him. With this he also reconfirms the loyalties of his subjects. The Castilian navy with new ships replacing the old ones begins military drills for preparedness and experience. Castile accepts Aragon.s offer and will marry the heirs of the two countries together when it is time.
    • Granada: The Christianization of Granada continues in earnest with a more sizeable converted population working its way through the country. The Emir, however, remains secretly Christian and begins hiring a few Castilian advisors who are wholly more competent than many of the Granadan advisors. The country also begins to see same issues with its settlement in Morocco with many of them being Christian Castilians or converts. The Granadans continue to show more Christianization processes occurring with a viable expanding population of Christians living in the core towns cities. The country begins to show promising signs of real economic advancement. The population of true Castilians in the country begins to increase to rival the native Granadans as many of the Muslims have left the area due to the unfavorable atmosphere of the country. The Nation of Granada has now Christianized somewhat considerably with a real large minority of Christians existing within the country's borders. The Granadan people now seem to look at their secular society as less of a Muslim one and more of a religiously neutral state. The Term Emirate is dropped and is renamed a Principality with the official name being the Principality of Granada. Some Muslim zealots turn out to protest this but the Emir - Now Prince of Granada - manages to quell the zealots with quick timing by his troops. The relative unrest in the country continues to die down as the majority of the soldiers of Granada now Christian, or even corrupted Muslims (by the bounties of their conquests abroad) continue to obey the Prince of Granada with unshaken loyalty. The state's Christians are all mostly declared to be Western Catholics showing a large population of these converts than previously thought in the Iberian peninsula. The Prince of Granada (no longer an Emir) sends his condolences to King John for the situation and reaffirms his support for him.
    • Kingdom of the Canaries: Now granted a semi-autonomous status from Castile, the Canaries begin to work up their economy to a certain degree greatly utilizing the traders from Portugal as well as the new route to Oyo, and the trade from the Mediterranean. The Canaries are able to build upon the multiple viable settlements and a moderately sized and growing population. The Canaries, finally completely covering the islands, begins to send moderately sized fleets that are resupplied from the islands and from Castile to continually explore the area. The Canaries help supply settlers and fleets moving to Capo Verde. The governor reaffirms his support for King John.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: King Matthias of Cyprus has twin sons, both of which are sent to Castile for tutoring until they are old enough. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller West to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the forseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. King Matthias is killed in religious riots in Cyprus leaving his highly capable son in charge. This new King Fernando a half Cypriot, half Castilian man reigns in the riots relatively quickly and with decisive action solves their issue. The King himself being from some of the Western Catholic Sect has openly converted and challenges the conspirators of the riots to try again and see what happens. When another riot is organized in later months the King himself leads the Cypriot army and police and seizes the ring leaders preventing further rioting. This King swears his loyalty to King John and his mother's homeland of Castile.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The less fortunate and disenfranchized are converted. The Kingdom itself is a Christian kingdom with a similar situation of early Castile and Aragon, with large amounts of Muslims and a small amount of Christians. However, the Christian community in Morocco is expanded in thanks to the influx of traders and settlers from Castile and some other immigrants looking for an opportunity to live a new life here. The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area.  The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable amount of Castilians settle the area. While Christians remain the minority the kingdom of Morocco sets up various churches and allows preachers to roam around and convert people. The Kingdom begins to push toward integration of the city of Tangiers into the kingdom. This would give the Kingdom two important cities. Heavy taxes are imposed on Muslim traders in order to facilitate conversions to Christianity while lower more friendly taxes are given to Christian merchants. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The Country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Knights Hospitaller finally calm down from their overly religious conquest and begin to allow effective administration of the country. This is due in part to their losses and their lack of adaptation to Castile's budding new national religion. The Kingdom itself shows a relative increase in tensions with the remainder of Morocco due to border issues. This may indeed escalate into a full scale war due to issues stemming between the new Christian kingdoms continued push for legitimacy in the Christian world. Prince Adelmo the leader of Morocco previously very shadowy makes a public statement reaffirming his support for King John. The Knights Hospitaller in the country begin to die off due to old age, lack of Recruitment and the very dangerous border raids and Muslim village raids they conduct bringing their numbers to barely 1000. The Kingdoms army proper raised by immigrant Christians now numbers about 3000 itself and is expected to grow.
  • Portugal continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers start to follow the Castilian example and start to explore the African coast. São Miguel and Santa Maria continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the colony of Açores expands 600 sq km into the two recently-discovered islands, with settling starting there. Eventually, other two islands are discovered, farther west of São Jorge. Meanwhile, Afonso VI dies after falling from a horse, and due to he fact that all of Afonso V's issue has died by now, the throne passes to Duarte, Duke of Coimbra, who becomes King of Portugal and Algarves as Duarte I.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice asks if the Portuguese will adopt the Venetian Ducat and Lira or if they will peg it to their own currency, so as to facilitate trade between Venice and Portugal. Venice also offers to establish a branch of the Roscol Bank in Portugal, to act as an investment bank for merchants and entrepreneurs, building the economy of Portugal. The Roscol Bank will also invest in the government of Portugal in the form of bonds and will offer low interest loans whenever necessary, increasing the spending power of the Rumanian government. (note: this does not mean you will have no other banks or you can't have your own, it just means that you now also have the Roscol Bank boosting your economy and government, although using it preferentially will increase the amount it is able to assist you).

Please post your expansion in the Land Acquired system.

  • The Prussians and their vassals continue to fight against the UNC and the Golden Horde.
  • UNC: While the fight in Novgorod had been going well initially, the attack from Prussia prevents much progress from being made this year. The powerful UNC navy fights in the North Sea to protect the UNC from the Prussians. In the meantime, the UNC denounces Hamburg for its treachery. Austria is also denounced as opportunistic cowards. The UNC requests help from Hesse against Hamburg, offering it all lands sold to Hamburg in the Treaty of Wiemar and more. In the meantime, the UNC calls for its allies in Albion to assist against the Austrians. Any and all nations that have had wars with Austria are requested to invade the distracted empire.
  • Foix: We build up our military. The economy expands due to our new banking system. Trade is going well with France. We declare war on the English land in mainland Europe.
    • Andorra: We build up our military and economy.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow (and Lithuania): For attacking our ally of the Republic of Novgorod, an envy is sent to the Jochid Ulus, with him a declaration of war against the Muslim heathen. An envy from the Grand Duke of Lithuania also sends a declaration of war. Tens of thousands of Muscovite and Lithuanian forces flood into the Mongol controlled Ukraine. Thousands of volunteers from Moscow join the military to combat against the Muslim heathen. Military development continues. We ask our allies of Italy, Venice, and Rumania to join the war or send aid.
    • Jochid Diplomacy: The hands of the diplomats are sent back to Moscow, while the heads are impaled in Obran-Osh and Donets'k for the Muscovite soldiers to see.
  • Timurid Empire: As we carry on the Islamization of our vassals, we use our new trade routes through the Chagatai Khanate in order to further strengthen the trade routes connecting the East and the West, and continue influencing them. (Year 24 out of 17 + extra years because of different people influencing). Although with the resisted vassalization, the Timurid Empire continues to try to attempt a peaceful vassalization, before making any rash decisions. The paper factories flourish. As our land travel progresses, we also work on our navy, and new shipyards are being built alongside river deltas, expanding our economy, and increasing our naval size/capacity. Both Junayd ahd Ghiyath Al-Din are called to Draka's court to discuss the assassination attempt and during heated discussion, the young Junayd slaps Ghiyath with a large trout. Rao Rid Mal's daughter, wife of Draka's son Aryan gives birth to a young boy, after having two daughters. This further strengthens the ties between the Empire and Marwar, due to the young boy being heir presumptive to both thrones. And due to the continuous drought in the WTE, farmers migrate to the rice fields in the Bahmani province. 
  • Eire: Nationalization and centralization of Eire continues. Some of the war-torn communities on the southeastern coast turn to fishing heavily to feed their people. After years of northern expansion into Mayo, we reach the northern coast. Tales of Eire becomes popular reading amongst monks and nobles, and it spreads across the Irish Sea to parts of Britain.  Thomas II is bethrothed to an Ulsterian princess, cementing the marriage. Roads begin to be constructed, hopefully eventually linking the Munsterian towns with the Ulsterian towns. Tales of the western isle of Hy-Brasil become popular amongst the merchants and nobility, and some wonder if a voyage to that realm can be done, citing the possible presence of brazilwood. We continue vassalizing Silgo. A man who is messing with a mixture of saltpetre, sulfur and charcoal dies in a tragic accident that claims half of his village. Tensions build up along the border with Thomond, which is the only fully independent state in Ireland and wishes to remain so. War is expected to take place over the next few years, and as such, the military is readied. Threatened by the massive buildup of ships in more southerly nations, the King announces his plans to raise the navy to around 60 ships in five years. Massive shipbuilding programs (for the time and the place) begin in coastal cities such as Cork, Waterford, and Bell-Fast. The King forms a "Celtic Company" of the greatest soldiers in Eire. The Company is armed with traditional Celtic skirmisher gear, and the more modern pike that has been used to great effect in the rebellions. We offer any nation the service of the Company in exchange for money. (Mil-Turn)
    • Leinster: Leinster rebuilds after the civil war. D'Arcy's cronies are executed, and a pro-Munster government is instated, under Thomas II, son of King Eamon. Leinster begins building up its military in the fashion of Eire, with modern pikes, and old-fashioned skirmishers.
  • Ottoman Sultanate: The Sultan finds many of his forces in the Balkans and Anatolia defeated, and the war is lost. The Sultan, ironically, also dies this year after medical complications just before the last shot of the war is fired. The new Sultan, Mehmed I, has to start his political career by attending the peace talks that will, unfortunately, lead to territorial losses in the Empire. Many are outraged that the Christians of Europe have betrayed the Empire in this manner, after decades upon decades of tolerance and assistance to its Christian neighbors and citizens. As a result, Mehmed declares he will lead an Islamic outlook on the Ottoman Empire (instead calling it the "Ottoman Sultanate"). He formally drops all alliances with the Christian neighbors (except for, obviously, the armistice). He intends to make the land transfer as fair as possible, and will not tolerate outrageous demands. In a meeting with the top political advisers, the Sultan makes it clear that "the Mighty Sultanate will get [her] revenge" (but likely not in his lifetime).
  • Mapuche: The Mapuche have completed their newfound settlement and have established flourishing farms.  Furthermore, after much exploration, scouting and digging teams have discovered bountiful iron and silver veins, allowing the craftsmen of the tribe to quickly produce spears, swords, and armor.  As food is plentiful and the weather pleasant, the population of the area continues to grow quickly.  There is talk of naming this settlement.  Seeing that his people are settled into their new homes and feel safe, the leader of the Mapuche, Xoryas III, organizes scouting parties to contact other organized peoples to arrange possible trade agreements.  Their exploration of the lands east and north will likely take a few years.  Additionally, several Mapuche families set out on their own to establish new homes and claim new territory, effectively expanding Mapuche lands.
    • Mapuche are currently disorganized and need to be centralized before they can expand really not to mention I believe they are relatively tribal. They also have had contact with the Inca by this point OTL and do not have an easy way of organizing since they haven't encountered any organized society yet at least enough to centralize. It's gonna take at least ten or 15 years to organize into even a loose tribal confederation. Also about iron, not even the Inca should have iron yet. At most, you can do copper but I don't think that's plentiful in your area. -Feud
  • Zapotec: Emperor Tlaco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan continues expanding into the surrounding city-states along the northern Zapotec border.

Cour please stop posting this. You've said the same turn for 20-25 years. Maybe more. Please reply to my diplomacy. SwankyJ (talk) 21:41, March 25, 2014 (UTC)Also i'm on a smart phone in spanish vy default and it is tactile si im not hood at this lol either way he can deal with this and still keep his empire if he plana he stuff Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk)

Sine, I have no clue what you just said. SwankyJ (talk) 21:41, March 25, 2014 (UTC) I said that my grammar is worsened by my cellphone while posting and could you paste both of messages in the discussion under the Soconusco even too, please Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk) 21:47, March 25, 2014 (UTC)

  • Netherlands: Economic and administrative reforms continue, as the economy starts to stabilize along a new foundation, the Gulden is slowly introduced into the market as it is tied to Netherlander trade, and pinned to other currencies in europe. reconstruction contiunes. 
  • Koryak Confederacy: The Koryak Confederacy continues to improve its military by expanding the navy. Two dozen more ships built along the lines of Korean "panokseons" are constructed for inshore sailing and scouting. More skilled shipwrights are trained. Buddhism continues to spread. The Koryaks continue to adopt matchlocks and repeating crossbows and rearm their military with these weapons. Meanwhile, the trading port on Kodiak Island contineus to enjoy success, including receiving maize kernels from natives. These kernels are planted Nomadic tribes in central and eastern SIberia are offered trade concessions in return for conducting destabilzing raids against the Mongol Khanate and Jurchens, although the Koryaks request a portion of the proceeds, especially livestock.(Mod Response Needed)
  • The Kolmya Evenks are annexed by the Koryak Confederacy. 
  • Chukchis: Improve the military.
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Albert and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1452 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1452, Albert II commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The planned market center in Landshut continues to attract regional traders. In religious news, the country begins converting to the Western Netherlander church. By the end of this year, around 70% of the country adheres to the Western Church in Holland. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria cotinues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Albert II makes efforts to implement Sedevacantist policies in the government. In political news, Albert becomes hesitant about joining the Hamburger war against the UNC. As of 1452, no declaration of war has been made, but military support has been sent to Hamburg. 
    • Munchen: The main campus of Queen Isabell University is completed and the beginning courses include French, Latin, English, and Greek as well as theology, clergy training and mathematics being taught. By 1452, the total class amounts to about 2230 people. Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Munchen as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Straubing as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Ingolstadt as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. 
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. The Catholic clergy of Wurzburg become restless when learning they are now vassals of Grand Duke Albert of Bavaria and his Western Church. However, as Albert begins tolerating the Catholics, the Wurzburg clergy seem to calm down.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice asks if the Bavarians will adopt the Venetian Ducat and Lira or if they will peg it to their own currency, so as to facilitate trade between Venice and Bavaria. Venice also offers to establish a branch of the Roscol Bank in Bavaria, to act as an investment bank for merchants and entrepreneurs, building the economy of Bavaria. The Roscol Bank will also invest in the government of Bavaria in the form of bonds and will offer low interest loans whenever necessary, increasing the spending power of the Bavarian government. (note: this does not mean you will have no other banks or you can't have your own, it just means that you now also have the Roscol Bank boosting your economy and government, although using it preferentially will increase the amount it is able to assist you).
    • Bavaria Dip: Albert II expresses interest in adopting the Ducat as the national currency. However, he also expresses interest in eventually forging a unique currency as well. Regardless, Albert II agrees to adopting the Ducat as the national currency. On the topic of the Roscol Bank, Albert II wil only allow the Bank to purchase Bavarian governmental bonds through the trade center in the city of Landshut. As long as trading is done within the trading floor of the center in Landshut, then the Roscol Bank may do business. Furthermore, Albert II ideally theorizes that the Roscol Bank may establish a branch in Bavaria, or perhaps Roscol becoming a permanent part of the Landshut bank.
  • Kingdom of Georgia (and allies): Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, Rani, and Amier-Kavkasia all expand their economies. Additionally, Georgian forces remain on alert in the contested territories while negotiations at Adrianople continue.
  • Hesse: We declare neutrality in the war, at least for the time being. Our armies prepare in case we are attacked. Forts are being built around the Duchy. We offer to sell supplies to either side who is willing. We, as the German Union Chancellor, encourage neutrality throughout the Union.
  • Cahokia: Monchacho takes his new commission in stride and sets right to work, starting with gathering the friends of his father to form an education system to train new medicine men. He sets his goals in order to make Cahokia a medicinal powerhouse, put plans to spread medical knowledge throughout the empire. The waste water management project (WWMP) begins. Fishing continues to be prosperous.
    • Moundville (Vassal of Cahokia): Moundville eases up on its expansion and spends a year re-inforcing the land it has conquered. The Nac still send deep scouting missions along the coast in order to map the next phase of expansion. Contact has been made with the Aztec people. Rektaw makes plans to send envoys and start a diplomatic relationship the civilization.
    • Etowah (Vassal of Cahokia): Infrastructure turn
    • Parkin (Vassal of Cahokia): Infrastructure turn
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. We upgrade economy and military, as do our vassals.
  • Austria: We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port. to respond to dangers in the area, and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren.  With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Ambrosius Federmann’s second expedition to West Africa is a success, with a trade post being established to trade with natives.  Initially the group has trouble cultivating plants, but with the help of the local Wolof, the settlement begins exploiting Fonio. Fishing is also undertaken at times. Deals are made with the Wolof for slaves and other goods, beginning a peaceful relationship. The trade posts at Abrechtburg and Dominusburg grow as trade becomes common in the area, attracting small amounts of settlers. Conversion of the natives begin around the settlement. Several bimereiches begin construction in Trieste to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. We ask Castile to remain neutral in the Netherlands’ conflict. We continue influencing our vassal states of Salzburg, Gorizia, Augsburg, Patria del Friuli, Chur, Württemberg, the Electorate of the Palatinate, Oettingen, Ulm, Cilli, Mainz, Hohenlohe, Strassburg, Metz, and others. We continue influencing Furstenburg, Konstanz, Kempten, and Magdeburg. We continue to improve relations with our Italian neighbors to the south. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria, as well as Venice, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. The formation and organization of the newly founded  kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine continues, proving to be a successful investment. We continue assimilating the population of Aquileia, which has become dependent on Austrian trade and support for its defense and prosperity. Military and economy of Austria and all vassals and subject nations expand. After the successful campaign against the Ottoman Empire, our forces return home. We seek a diplomatic solution to the end of the United Norse Crown’s aggression against Novgorod. 
  • Oyo Empire: Aware that he could crush the Benin survivors, the Alaafin decides instead to delegate the power of governing Benin to the old elite of that kingdom, creating a vassal out of the territory as a gesture of peace. The Benin accept the offer, and establish their own government in the vassal, bringing a temporary end to the violence.
  • Roman Empire: The Roman Empire commences the ceasefire with the Ottomans while leaders negotiate in Adrianople. While there, Emperor John VIII amazes the other leaders by eating salad instead of more traditional meals (True story, btw). The military remains on guard should the negotiations break down and the war resumes, but this is considered unlikely. The treaty on the union of the churches is printed into many copies and will be distributed soon (tomorrow I promise).
  • The Grand Sultanate of the Mashriq continues to complete Sultan Ahmed-ad-Din Yusuf's plan of uniting all of his holdings. Furusiyya and the Shura continue to redefine the role of the Mamluks and the military in general. Construction of the حديقة قصر, or Hadeekah Palace, continues on Gezira Island of Cairo. The construction continues to go along as anticipated, and many on their Hajj remark that the grandeur of the new structure rivals the Lighthouse at Alexandria. (Based off of the OTL Topkapi Palace of the Ottomans) The Sultanate expands 2500 sq km underneath Cyrenaica. The new Assafi calendar continues to increase in popularity, especially in regions of trade and land near the Western World. Nubia continues to be integrated more and more, to prevent any future rebellions. Ahmed continues the growth of the navy's set of vessels, and the trading corporations continue with the wave of discoveries. STEC consolidates its trade grasp over Malagasy and the Swahili states, and sends supplies to Sanafah, which expands by 2500 sq km. Missionary efforts on Malagasy continue as well. Meanwhile, the IAFATM continues to influence Aceh, which is a semi-puppet state of the Mashriqi, making slow but steady progress. Education at all universities (Alexandria, Damascus and Baghdad) continues strongly, which breeds common language, common culture, and common literature. Trade with Oman and Yemen continues, as well as influence in Al-Sumal. Iritriya ​expands 5000 sq km, under Ethiopia. The Sultanate of Tunisia grows 5000 sq km under Cyrenaica to connect with the Mashriq. Influence over Gafsa and Zab continues. In Tunisia, most Christian influence is naturally supplanted by the influx of Assafi conversions. All Burji states grow their military.

  • Swiss Confederacy: Same thing as before.
  • The Jochid Ulus continues the war. Ulus are sent to Ukraine, where they set a stalemate in the region. Any Ruthenian peasant that is suspected from conspiring with the Muscovites is arrested, and either transported to Azov to be sold as a slave or resettled in Siberia, to continue the nation's expansion when the war has ended. About 10,000 are sent eastward, and a further 7500 are sent to Caffa, where they are offered to be sold to the Venetians. The Khanty and Mansi feel threatened by this, but they are assured that the Siberians shall settle south, in the lands of the Ob River, around the lands of the Selkup and the Khakas. Troops march across the Volga, burning and pillaging people, and stealing Russian women as they march. Several towns and cities in the border in Russia are burned, and some of the people join the Volga Russians, after force-conversion to Islam.
    • Great Perm is forced by the Jochid Ulus to drop the Pskovian currency system. Instead, they begin to establish their own currency. All merchants are forced to declare they shall no longer pay any debts to the Russian states, in order to find problem to their economy. Supplies are sent to the Golden Horde. 
    • Adyghea' economy and population grow. They stay neutral in the fight, as they are too far away to give any major help to the Ulus:
  • Hungary and all its vassals and puppet states expand militarily and economically. Poland expands its armed forces too, increasing the strength of it troops by focusing on the training of more knights to fight for the nation. Sigismund orders all of his forces to stop the attacks as peace is to be made with the Ottomans.

1453

In Rome, the Pope Pius III dies, and in the subsequent conclave, the Aragonese Alfons de Borja is elected Pope, taking the papal name of Calixtus III.

The new pope wishes for a return to the days of the Papal States being a surpreme authority in Italy. He sends envoys to several Italian cities seeking support amongst the nobility.

A partial lunar eclipse happens.It is seen in parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and Oceania

The recent violent expansion of Oyo in the area begins forcing the local tribesman to fight back, heavily reducing Oyo’s ability to expand in these areas by 4000 Sq km.

That needed to be fixed to sq km seemed a tad crazy with 4000 px -Feud

Granada declares independence from Castile after an internal coup and launches a surprise attack in order to reclaim several border towns. Christians within Granada are split with loyalities until they hear rumors of Granadan state massacres of Granadan Christians. The nation seizes several Castillian border towns but descends into Civil War shortly after. (Dark Grey on the map now)

A huge earthquake devastates the Italian Peninsula. The Apulian and Calabrian Peninsulas are cut off by land as mudslides destroy huge areas of land. Many ports and harbours across the Italian Peninsula are damaged by the earthquake, slowing response times. 

Cahokia sees a slight decline in it’s influence in the region. It’s territories and vassals start to mingle more with traders and travelers from Moundville. 

In OTL Guajira Peninsula a few tribes leaders receive envoys from the motilones and the Quimbayas and soon they receive an offer of alliance by them. 

In OTL Cartagena,Colombia a few tribal caciques form an alliance with local tribes to counter the quimbaya expansion. 

Near OTL Catatumbo regions of Venezuela some tribes in begin forming their own government based mostly in the motion and quimbaya models. 

Diplomats from Tenochtitlan and rebel factions of the former vassal of Soconusco meet to negotiate peace. They end with the delegates violently storming out. The rebels of Soconusco declare their own kingdom.

  • Castile: The Castilian economy continues a larger process of pulling in more money through trade. The Castilians begin to send missionaries into Morocco in hopes of converting populations. The infrastructure of Castile is also expanded more. Castile, in order to facilitate more conversions to Christianity, imposes higher taxes on non-Christians in the areas it controls personally or by proxy through its vassals. Castile has successfully mapped large parts of the African coast south of Morocco and down as far as their settlements in Capo Verde. The developing class in Castile of skilled artisans, merchants, blacksmiths and the like has led to a large increase in productivity of the country with even a few researchers managing to work on new designs - including a more efficient hand cannon which gets its own dedicated corps in the developing Royal army of Castile. The Castilian nobility begins to adapt toward a newer system to revamp or work on their power as they move toward becoming advisors to the king and less involved in their feudal estates which while growing have developed Guilds to facilitate payments for the efforts of the men working, The expert worksmanship of many of these men has seen notable increase in productivity for each feudal state with most lords not complaining. The Kingdom's cities begin to be improved with somewhat better sanitation and the King hires architects to plan out a sewer system, as well as a true plan for multiple major cities. Castile begins a major process of researching the arquebus acquired and develops its own version which is used to replace the hand cannons which is finally finished. The Castilian navy, using the Canaries as a base, continually explore the area and discover a new island chain, the closest island is able to be settled and a small settlement springs up on the islands and is built up and styled as a resupply base. Capo Verde now fully settled is continually built up to accommodate Castile's military, navy and exploratory fleets The construction of a new kind of warship with cannons is completed - a heavy warship much more powerful than most other ships of the time. The King notices the heavily increased productivity and income flow due to his hands off policy and non-interference and begins to allow artists, minstrels and other artistic and scientific minds to become more prevalent in Castile, many believe the Castilian Renaissance is imminent. Castile, due to its naval range, high income, extensive and dominant trade network, becomes one of the largest and most dynamic trade empires of the Atlantic and Western Mediterranean. The Castilian navy with its new heavy warships and some new updated designs for older ships organizes a heavy royal fleet phasing out past organizations. The Royal army of Castile has now almost wholly replaced the previous feudalistic military forces and has a size of nearly 50,000 and growing thanks in part to the good funding being provided by the king. In order to make up for lost power the King as behest of his new wife, and several of his friends who are nobles create a king's advisory council which officially has the power of the king in many matters if authorized. The men are also given station to criticize the kings actions to keep him from going crazy with power. The Knights Hospitaller are moved more into Castile with their professional fighting strength and religious zeal used to patrol the borders of Castile's Gibraltar province. The Knights are also given the authority to police the majority Christian Tangiers now, and effectively prevent many Muslims from coming over the border to wreak havoc. Castile begins considering opening up talks to relieve Granada of a primarily Christian province and a possible problem in the future for the country and giving it to the Knights Hospitaller to set up a kingdom or set up their organization in the area. King John secretly does this with the willing knights who have left Cyprus to prevent channelling their religious zeal into border patrolling. Castile's navy, now heavily funded and expanded greatly, reaches a large amount of combat and tradeworthy ships and with its trade from Oyo, and various supply bases establishes military and trade dominance over the West African areas as well as its locality in the Mediterranean. The Castilian trade dominance in West Africa remains unbudged as Castile directly owns and has the majority of the gold and ivory trades coming out of West and North Africa. Castile's population reaches around 5.2 million and growing. (I have been focusing heavily on growth of population and have not been involved in nearly the amount of destructive wars as OTL Castile has been). The Castilian Renaissance reaches its full swing with art and scientific advancement being allowed by the State as many of the religious fanatics and dissidents are fighting in Morocco, along with this, the highly respected middle and artisan classes are able to afford a much better living with various artists painting great works and with one even gaining an audience with the royal family for a painting. The Castilian navy reaches a large force of nearly 550 ships using the huge funding from Castile's conquests, trading, and other situation to fund this navy.  Castile begins looking for betrothals to Prince Henry, Prince Carlos and Princess Maria with Princess Elenor being reserved for Italy's heir to officially solidify Castile and Italy's full dynastic union (between you giving me your daughter and me giving you mine our dynasties will be the same). The technology of the Castilian navy is improved heavily as the king begins to focus more on the quality of his ships rather than the quantity. The exploration continues just below the Kongo as the Castilian exploration parties manage to gather supplies from the Kongos friendlier tribes. These exploratory parties have reached OTL Angola and a little bit farther south but supply constraints and lack of knowledge of the area prevents further progress. Castile begins sending missionaries to the Kongo to convert the Friendlier tribes. Castile continues to convert to the western church with the king and his royal family attempting to preach about the new church and its benefits to the common man and not keeping them in the dark. This continued outright preaching causes an issue as a secret assassin attempts to kill King John of Castile. However, in a show of expert agility and swordsmanship in his old age allows the king to Not only disarm the assailant but capture him. The Royal Guard unmasks the man as a Castilian noble who before being executed leads on that a small group of nobles are plotting against the king and his family. This, however, leaves the remaining nobles scared as King John using personally loyal advisors and troops to begin a series of inquiries and investigations. To protect the kingdom from a possible issue he also begins to deploy the royal army in an attempt to prevent a major rebellion. This is largely successful as King John confirms the loyalty of various generals and nobleman this way but manages to gather a list of men who he believes are plotting against him. With this he also reconfirms the loyalties of his subjects. The Castilian navy with new ships replacing the old ones begins military drills for preparedness and experience. Castile expands by 5000 into Granada and creates the kingdom of Granada to centralized efforts in the Granadan Civil war. Castilian naval ships begin the blockade of Granada to prevent an interrupt in trade and prevent undesireables from interfering in the Granadan Civil war. Castile also takes back its border towns and conducts a large scale raid into the disorganized territory burning and killing nearly 20,000 Muslims in retaliation severely weakening their hold just outside the kingdom of Granada's territory.
    • Kingdom of Granada: The Kingdom of Granada is formed with quick help thanks to Castile and the kingdom begins to recruit local Christians to help fight in the army. The economy, while meager, is growing. However, the country focuses heavily on fighting the Civil war at hand organizing areas beyond the area of control to help gain Christian allies as they begin to kill Muslim forces. The Civil war is far from over (they expanded this turn due to Castile forming them.) The Kingdom is formed in a relatively common way as the Muslims are currently being fought as what is deemed "hispanic tradition."  The Kingdom itself is relatively successful in fighting the Muslims in its general locale and has secured its main territory just offset from Gibraltar relatively easily. The Kingdom itself has King John as the king supreme with a prince like Morocco. The Prince of Granada is a Castilian noble named Juan Cortez who is extremely biased against Muslims due to his father's death in the original war against Morocco over Gibraltar. Many of the Muslims within the new kingdom's borders are put to the sword and periodic raids and support parties are sent out to help Christian forces fight in the disorganized lands.
    • Kingdom of the Canaries: Now granted a semi-autonomous status from Castile, the Canaries begin to work up their economy to a certain degree greatly utilizing the traders from Portugal as well as the new route to Oyo, and the trade from the Mediterranean. The Canaries are able to build upon the multiple viable settlements and a moderately sized and growing population. The Canaries, finally completely covering the islands, begins to send moderately sized fleets that are resupplied from the islands and from Castile to continually explore the area. The Canaries help supply settlers and fleets moving to Capo Verde. The governor reaffirms his support for King John.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: King Matthias of Cyprus has twin sons, both of which are sent to Castile for tutoring until they are old enough. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller West to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the forseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. King Matthias is killed in religious riots in Cyprus leaving his highly capable son in charge. This new King Fernando a half Cypriot, half Castilian man reigns in the riots relatively quickly and with decisive action solves their issue. The King himself being from some of the Western Catholic Sect has openly converted and challenges the conspirators of the riots to try again and see what happens. When another riot is organized in later months the King himself leads the Cypriot army and police and seizes the ring leaders preventing further rioting. This King swears his loyalty to King John and his mother's homeland of Castile.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The less fortunate and disenfranchized are converted. The Kingdom itself is a Christian kingdom with a similar situation of early Castile and Aragon, with large amounts of Muslims and a small amount of Christians. However, the Christian community in Morocco is expanded thanks to the influx of traders and settlers from Castile and some other immigrants looking for an opportunity to live a new life here. The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area.  The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable amount of Castilians settle the area. While Christians remain the minority the kingdom of Morocco sets up various churches and allows preachers to roam around and convert people. The Kingdom begins to push toward integration of the city of Tangiers into the kingdom. This would give the Kingdom two important cities. Heavy taxes are imposed on Muslim traders in order to facilitate conversions to Christianity while lower more friendly taxes are given to Christian merchants. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Knights Hospitaller finally calm down from their overly religious conquest and begin to allow effective administration of the country. This is due in part to their losses and their lack of adaptation to Castile's budding new national religion. The Kingdom itself shows a relative increase in tensions with the remainder of Morocco due to border issues. This may indeed escalate into a full scale war due to issues stemming between the new Christian kingdoms continued push for legitimacy in the Christian world. Prince Adelmo the leader of Morocco previously very shadowy makes a public statement reaffirming his support for King John. The Knights Hospitaller in the country begin to die off due to old age, lack of recruitment and the very dangerous border raids and Muslim village raids they conduct bringing their numbers to barely 1000. The Kingdom's army proper raised by immigrant Christians now numbers about 3000 itself and is expected to grow.
    • Eire Diplomacy: We offer you our heir, Thomas II to marry a Castillian princess.
    • Castilian Dip: Princess Maria will be betrothed to Thomas II. She will not be of age for a while, though.
  • The Prussians and their vassals continue to fight against the UNC and the Golden Horde.
  • TIbet: Tibet begins to vassalize Pegu and continues to influence Lanna by sending merchants from the Royal Tibetan Trading Company with goods from all over Tibet.  Military is expanded.
    • Chutiya: Tibet sends workers to help with farming in the region. Military is expanded.
    • Taungoo: Taungoo expands its military. Taungoo profits from trade throughout Tibet and its vassals. 
  • Aztec Empire: The Emperor Montezuma II at the age of 33. He begins to centralize the great empire. He finally calms Soconusco down, as they happily go about their business once again. Throughout the empire infrastructure is expanded. Cuachtemoc oversees the navy expansions [158] and the fishing ships [301] which now are a common sight in the Atlantic and mainly the Pacific Ocean. The army sees reforms with the newly established contact of Cahokia. The nation invests in iron technology, now arming the rest of the military with iron scale mail armor. Obsidian is well praised although only used for arrowheads. It is used for jewelry and is mashed up into a black powder for decoration and paint. The empire expands its trade with the Zapotec. The empire integrates the vassals of Zacatollan and Atotonilco into the empire and imperial state.
    • Aztec diplomacy: We request trade rights with the Mayans as well as a NAP.
    • As long as these ships aren't using advanced sails, and you keep the numbers around these for a bit, I think you're good. -Feud
    • No, Feud. See, I don't think you understand how terrible my ships really are. I could create 400 and they would be beaten by 20-30 of your ships. - SwankyJ
    • haha what are they like coastal canoe type things then? -Feud
  • France: Military and economy are built up and the preparation for a better war machinery begins, on a sidenote, Italian settlers from northern regions such as Milan and Venice are brought to the kingdom in order to populate some regions and to increase the population in the regions. The vassalization of Armagnac is complete. We continue the vassalage of Brittany. Navy expands.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up.
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up.
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up.
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. 
  • Duchy of Hamburg: Due to financial restraints in Lippe and Bruchhausen, they pull their forces out of the war, while the main Duchy fights on. Most of the City of Hamburg is evacuated of civilians to avoid casualties. Meanwhile, Allied forces push their way north, specifically into UNC Bremen in the west, and toward Leübeck in the east. Hamburg thanks Bavaria for its aid, and calls upon Oldenburg and Hesse to join.
    • ​Oldenburger Diplomacy: Count Dietrich sends an envoy to the Hamburger court to explain his position. Although His Illustriousness would in principle like to give Hamburg his complete and total support, the reality of the situation precludes him from taking such action. The envoy explains that Oldenburg basically depends on the kindness of the UNC for the continuation of its whaling/sealing/auking industry (remember, Greenland is Norse and our colony in Neu Baltrum is guarded by six families), and really we can't do much to cause the UNC any ire. However, His Illustriousness does feel obliged to assist his German brothers in some way, so he sends aid in the form of oil (for lamps), clothes, swords, pikes and one regiment of "deserters".
  • Portugal continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers start to follow the Castilian example and start to explore the African coast. São Miguel and Santa Maria continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the colony of Açores expands 600 sq km into the two recently-discovered islands, with settling starting there. Eventually, other two islands are discovered, farther west of São Jorge. Meanwhile, Portugal receives the Venetian offer and decides to peg its currency to the Lira, since it will facilitate trade, and the alternative, which would be adopting it, is completely out of question. Meanwhile, the other four recently-discovered islands receive names.respectively, Faial, Pico, Corvo and Flores.
  • County of Oldenburg: The Roscol Bank is opened with much pomp and ceremony by Crown Prince Frederick. Many nobles invest their funds in the bank, as does the OHG. The OHG takes advantage of the new agreement with Venice and plies the Mediteranean trade. Whale, seal and auk products are taken to la Serenissima in large quantities,  with the ships of the company fleet returning laden with Italian things like books and nice cloth, and ideas. Whales are given a year's respite since the company is focussed on Venice. On Neu Baltrum, ten soldiers are landed by a naval cog. They are accompanied by three more sheep and twenty chickens (as well as seeds and building materials). The soldiers build a "fort" (a house surrounded by a stone wall about six feet high) and tend to their chickens. Two of the piglets from last year are slaughtered and eaten at Christmas.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The economy expands somewhat thanks to the monastery and the bank in Oldenburg. The Bishop sends an emissary to Bavaria. He informs the Bavarians that he has heard talk that they have joined Sedevacantism. If this is true, he congratulates them, and urges them to join his struggle to have the "popes" of the "Catholic" and "Western" curches step down to allow a pope to be elected to represent the whole, re-united One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church. 
  • The Kingdom of England (member state of the Kingdoms of Greater Albion): English military and navy are expanded with many new war cogs being added to the English fleets. The North Sea trade is almost completely dominated by the North Sea Trading Alliance (Holland and Albion, mostly). Nordic and English culture continues to blend, with stories of the mythical Norse gods becoming popular reading among the wealthy segments of the population. Scotland continues to integrate the government fully with that of England and of Albion in full. Work with the Celts continue in Scotland and Ireland working to bring the two cultures closer together. Albion sends more explorers to Africa, particularly in the OTL regions of Sierra Leone and the Ivory Coast. Edmund Trading Port in OTL Sierra Leone continues to see expansive trade and is renamed Edmundburgh. Due to the damage to the palaces, King Edmund elects to move the seat of Albion temporarily to York while the repairs to central London continues. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. New and larger, more powerful ships are built as well as the Albionic equivalent to the Norse Karak, but with more guns and a slightly larger masthead. English explorers begin to map the coast of Africa for the King, making it down the coast near OTL Gabon. James Severus' famous book, The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past becomes a popular read across the Isles and is shipped abroad with trade merchants, spreading Anglo-Celt culture far and wide. Hearing of the instability in Morocco through traders and through government channel, a small English fleet is detached with an army to be used at the will of Castile and Morocco to help defend the territory. The Albion foreign minister states it is because of religous conviction as well as a concern of instability in the region, that these troops are offered. After decades of construction, the navy now hovers at more than 140 ships from England (Wales and England) alone, with the combined fleets of all of Albion the number is closer to 200, a feat that would not have been possible without the wisdom of the Admiralty. The hope is by the end of the next few decades the fleet size will double. The navy has always been, and will continue to be, a priority of His Majesty's crown government. (Yes, I know, historically England did not have a large navy 'til the mid 1500s, but this timeline has diverged much from the OTL, and with the combined naval forces of all of Albion, this number and slightly higher is possible. It is possible in large part, due to the domination of English merchants working in concert with Holland to establish a trade hegmony, which can not be done with no ships.)
    • Dublin: After the years of upgrading, Dublin becomes a shining jewel in the Eire. Dublin founds the Bank of Eire as an offshoot of the Bank of England. The Bank of England sees modernization. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past become a popular read in Dublin, one of the most important trading ports in Eire. 
    • Wales: The Welsh military and navy are expanded. The Welsh begin to see the fruits of all the English banking investments as large areas of the nation see improvements in infrastructure. Representation in the Albion Parliament increases as a minor population boom in and around Cardiff begins. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North.
    • Copy-posting for Andrew. Callumthered (talk) 07:24, March 26, 2014 (UTC)
  • Ashikaga Shogunate: A Japanese Northern Coalition is set up between the major clans in the North of the archipelago, the Mogami, Uesugi, Satake, Kamakura, Takeda and Imagawa under the leadership of the Shogun mod approved. Whilst the daimyos retain full autonomy, the Coalition expresses Japanese unity and implies military support for defensive purposes, guaranteeing peace in the North of Japan. The Shogun sees the partial lunar eclipse as a portent of the success of this coalition. Concerns are raised over the rapidly increasing population of the Shogunate, with demand for food almost outstripping supply.
    • Date Province: The Governor institutes a series of subsidies for the increase in size of rice paddies in the province. This is done to supply the growing population of the Ashikaga and begins to cement the Date province's place as the agricultural region of the Shogunate.
  • Foix: We build up our military. The economy expands due to our new banking system. Trade is going well with France. We send assassins into Armagnac to kill some government officials, creating chaos in the vassal.
    • Andorra: We build up our military and economy.
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. Our fourth city is built and we continue our expansion. We continue to study the printing press and make more of it. We buy more books from China. We continue to influence the Chagatai into centralizing the North of their territory. We begin building up our military and increasing military development. We continue making more muskets.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite do their job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. The merchants that continually travel between Kohm, Aoch and Ava continue to allow for some of the populations of those nations to continue to convert to Islam. Due to trade with China and other Middle Eastern nations, cannon and hand cannon designs become more common, leading most of the landed elite to continue to outfit their levies with cannons and hand cannons. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. Several schools and universities finish construction in the ten largest cities in Bengal, hoping to prompt better education in several different fields of study.
    • Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslim settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom declares himself to be King of Assam, also called Kamarupa in this time since he now controls his grandson's lands which were the Maharaja of Koch.
      • Bengali Diplomacy (Needs mod response, please and thank you): Yes for any nations which has previously agreed. Wishing to completely affirm the alliances signed between all of the free Indian states, we send out a formal treaty to be signed by all of the free Indian states that agreed to the alliance (All of them, basically).
  • Venetian Republic:
    • Books on various topics spread from Venice throughout Europe, beginning the Renaissance. Printed in the Venetian language, they teach of the sciences and humanities and revive learning, spreading knowledge (as well as the language) far and wide.
    • With the increased supply of Ducats, the fluidity of European trade increases.
    • Many people sentenced to death are drowned in the canals as is the Venetian tradition. The tradition is becoming the primary way to execute criminals and is spreading to the Venetian territories across Europe.
    • Fine wool and silk clothing from Titani is exported across the Mediterranean and Black Sea and begins to set the trend in Renaissance clothing.
    • Venetian trade reaches across the known world. Merchant ships carry salt, silks, glass and a collection of other goods, both common and rare. Venetian traders are the largest carriers of trade in Europe, with the thousands of ships and a trading tradition continuing to fuel this.
    • The Roscol Bank uses local subsidiaries all across Europe to fund trade, with a leaning toward funding trade with Venice. They also fund enterprises across the continent, boosting the economies of the nations which they inhabit. The Roscol Bank invests conservatively. While this doesn't bring in as much wealth as other nations' banking, such as the Dutch, it results in a much more robust level of equity.
    • In Veneto the Doge celebrates the boost to the Ducat, and begins minting once more with the stockpiled gold. The "Learned Society of Saint Mark" design a new ship for a merchant, called a Carro by its designers but affectionately called a Navebaga (literally big belly ship) by its users. With the end of the war with the Ottomans, Dragano turns his eye to Epirus and Arta. Hungary continues to boost the economy of Venice and vice versa. The Roscol Bank seeks to expand its official branches, not content with local subsidiaries. The Roscol Bank looks to Austria and Germany for this expansion, as the Dutch have lost their Banking influence across much of the HRE. (Responses to mod events) The Doge encourages nobles in Venice to contact their relatives in Italy in support the rule of law over that of the church. Upon seeing Granada fall into turmoil, the Doge refuses to recognise Granada as anything but a part of Castile refuting even their status as a vassal, the Doge sends his support to Castile. The earthquake causes minor damage to the arsenal of Venice, but it puts the arsenal out of commission for a few months, instead the arsenal of Coixa which was luckily left undamaged deals with the issue of maintenance. (Responses to players) The importation of various unique products from Oldenburg makes them a favourite for northern trade, as a stop if not a destination, Venetians develop a demand for the various luxuries. Bavaria and Venice trade ties increase as they adopt the Ducat, massively slimming barriers to trade and making Bavarian business penetrate the Venetian market more. Portugal becomes a more important hopping stone to Europe as the trade barriers between them and Venice fall.
    • In Porto Tolle Potensa Antonio preaches against the actions of the new Pope, saying that "The Pope thinks himself an emperor of Christianity, there is no ruler of Christians but God, there is no law but the word of God and there is no sin worse than avarice and no worse sinner than the Pope!" He continues to rally the Negàrseor against Catholicism, and rallies more to what he calls the true faith.
    • In Istra the new Potensa works on further increasing relations with Hungary, sending an envoy to treat with border lords.
    • In Scutari 1000 men are now part of the guard. With the war almost over, some men return to Scutari.
    • In the Epirote Free Ports the Sarandan trade fleet begins to operate in the Adriatic. Titani clothes production continues to increase, furniture production continues to remain stable. The new Superpotensa of Preveza lowers the barriers against non-guild members.
    • In the Peloponnese the new Potensa of Argos decides to work on inner city infrastructure.
    • In Attica the Potensa of Menidi visits Porto Tolle to see the Potensa Antonio's preaching for himself.
    • In Morocco the construction of forts is further hampered. Immigrants arrive in the cities of Venetian Morocco, further pushing the cities to the Venetian's side. Meanwhile, some Potensas also practise leniency toward the Muslim populace as well as conversion.
    • Eco-turn
  • Epirote Republic: with the economy growing and becoming more mercantile, Dragano feels confident with his work. However, seeing the squabbling nobles in Valona, he considers that they may be better served under the Gastaldos of Epirus.
    • Mil-turn
  • Venetian Empire:
    • In the Province of Aegina Conte Uberto continues to stem immigration, wanting to preserve the Aeginean culture. He works on building new houses, hiring architects to try to make the designs unique to Aegina. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Athens Superpotensa Oliverio decides to introduce a court for business disputes, he has it built in the centre of the settlement of Porto Leone, the magistrates there are trained to mediate conflict between merchants and enterprises. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Candia the Arsenal of Candia allows for 20 more ships to be maintained after they are pruchased. The Conte decides to invest in the building of a shipyard in Candia, aiming to make Candia a self-suficient sea power. Inf-turn
    • In the Corfiot Protectorate the Red Army of Corfu secures the Aegean islands, they have earned a fearsome reputation for their volleys of arrows amongst the forces of both sides of the war. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Kaffa the Kaffan fleet returns to Kaffa, and once more continues to trade across the Golden Sea. (Responses to players) the Conte of Kaffa purchases all 7500 Ruthenians from the Jochid Ulus, he offers those with some needed skills to settle but enslaves the rest either using them in operation of ships or for sale, increasing the population of Kaffa by 1000 and increasing the Kaffan coffers and navy. Inf-turn
    • In the Naxian Protectorate the Naxian fleet returns to Naxos, they were not known to be the most dangerous ships but they certainly were known as the fastest and most manueverable. The Naxian sailors are starting to learn about the idea of riding into the wind. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Negroponte the city of Negroponte continues to improve its capacity for processing mined products into goods. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Ragusa the Black Guard return home, Ragusa throws a festival for their return and hails them as heroes. The Superpotensa grants all of those who served lands outside the city as payment for their courage. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Valona the civil conflict worsens with the death of the Conte. Fighting breaks out again, Epirote and Venetian forces secure towns and restore the rule of law in these areas, they also enact republican reforms and bring grain and promise protection for the people who have fled to these townships after their homes and fields were burned and their friends killed (as is the way with warfare, nobles attack resources AKA peasants and farmland). Three factions have emerged: one supporting the son of the Conte; one supporting the rival who fled to the Ottoman Empire; and another smaller faction of Merchants and small lords supporting Venetian Republicanism. Inf-turn
  • Kingdom of Georgia: With the conclusion of the Treaty of Adrianople, Georgian forces demobilize and withdraw from the still-Ottoman holdings of eastern Anatolia. While the domestic nobility is mildly disappointed at the lack of Georgian acquisitions in the war, no one revolts - for the simple reason that the aristocracy lost nothing by giving up the proposed Coptic protectorate. Mepe Alexandre, at the behest of the commercially influential Tavadi of Imereti, signs on to the Pskovian zolotnik, officially accepting it alongside the Roman stavraton and the Venetian ducat. Under the Georgian agreement with Pskov, a subsidiary branch of the Pskovian mint opens in Rust'avi. With the assistance of Pskovian officials, Georgia manufactures its own zolotniks from domestic gold reserves; the ensuing spread of another form of foreign-endorsed hard currency stimulates the Georgian economy. Finally, with the war in Anatolia over, Georgia begins selling supplies to the Grand Duchy of Muscovy; while a few ex-Jarishuri soldiers join the Muscovites as mercenaries, the Georgian military's contribution to the Muscovite war effort is too small to qualify as military assistance.
    • Kingdom of Armenia: At the behest of his Georgian allies, Tagavor Smbat also signs on to the Pskovian zolotnik; Armenia, which previously suffered from a shortage of hard currency due to its remoteness from the Black Sea trade, benefits economically from this adoption. In accordance with the Treaty of Adrianople, Armenian forces likewise withdraw from Ottoman territories in eastern Anatolia - though not without a worrisome amount of grumbling from the thoroughly annoyed Armenian aristocracy, which had been promised estates in Anatolia.
    • Grand Principality of Assyria: As the Anatolian war draws to a close, Mtavari Levon withdraws his Assyrian forces from Ottoman territory. Along with Georgia and Armenia, Assyria signs on to the Pskovian zolotnik, though usage is limited due to the sheer distance between Assyria and the Black Sea ports where the Pskovian currency finds its primary usage. With the war's end, the Assyrian government retires a fair number of its veteran levies to the grain plantations around Arbela; the additional labor increases food reserves, expanding the Assyrian economy.
    • Principality of Rani: As a vassal of Georgia, Rani adopts the Pskovian zolotnik. The end of the war sees the return of conversion efforts in the province: to raise funds, Tavadi Zurab institutes a tax on non-Christians similar to the Muslim jizya, requiring Azeri Muslims to pay an annual fee to practice their religion. This measure stimulates the Ranite economy, but angers local Azeris, particularly the large Muslim underclass in the growing slums of Ganca. Thus far, some 10,000 of 150,000 Azeris have converted to Christianity, but the small Christian minority is largely restricted to the immediate district around the Prince's Palace. Should Georgia ever withdraw from Rani, the local Christians are not expected to survive a year.
    • Principality of Amier-Kavkasia: As a vassal of Georgia, Amier-Kavkasia also adopts the Pskovian zolotnik. Amier-Kavkasia, as a semi-tribal state, largely lacked hard currency prior to the introduction of the zolotnik; consequently, the introduction of a valuable, stable hard currency to the region greatly revitalizes the Amier-Kavkasian economy.
    • Castilian Dip: Due to our distance we would like to propose a trade system that allows Castilian ships to go from Georgia to Cyprus and from there to Castile in order to transport Georgian goods to Castile (particularly gold, wine and metals) 
  • Netherlands: The economy continues to pick up as more reforms are taken up by the States-General. Karl I's popularity amongst his Wallon and Dutch subjects remains high as he continues to listen to his advisors and promote economic growth. However, his German subjects which number about 50,000 are not pleased with being separated from the HRE and The States-General finally push Arl to give them a choice, either conform with their new status as subjects to the Dutch crown or move to Austria or any other German state of their choice. The artistic and intellectual cricles of Brussels and Amsterdam start picking up again after over a decade of warfare, the second phase of the Dutch renaissance begins with this and the influx of works coming from Venice and Constantinople. Karl, like his father and his grandfather, takes a great interest in the intellectual development of his realm and helps promote this, by opening the royal court to aritisans and inventors. The merchants send out the new expedition this time with a larger amount of supplies and ships to try to both reach farther south along the African coast and to formally establish Dutch trade in the region, with the areas near OTL Cameroon and Nigeria being the area of focus. The Gulden continues to grow in circulation as larger amounts are produced by the bankers, and it is tied to Dutch trade and to that of the Netherland's largest trading partners. expansion of the major ports begin, and in an effort to help with the flooding issues the canal system is put up for updating.
    • Oldenburger Diplomacy: We offer to take some unwanted Germans off your hands. 
  • Cuzco: We continue to influence the Wanka (Turn Two of Four) We improve our infrastructure, with the development of roads the top priority this year. We seek to deepen relations with the Ica-Nazca, offering increased trade for next year as a way to increase quality of life in Cuzco. 
  • Ica-Nazca Dip: We accept your offer reopen trade with the Cuzco.
  • Koryak Confederacy: The Koryak Confederacy expands its economy by encouraging the production of more ships, especially larger, oceangoing ones. After viewing a model of a ship used by Zheng He in his exploratory voyage, the Confederacy begins constructing a scaled-down version expected to be able to greatly increase transport capabilities when produced in larger numbers. Riots break out in the capital between Buddhists and animists/shamanists, resulting in the death of one of the Council members, who is trampled by a mob. The riots run their course, leaving much of the capital devastated, but popular discontent still simmers. Regardless, Buddhism coninutes to spread among the population, with the two groups about even in numbers. Agriculture also spreads, causing the population to increase by another 50,000. The newly-named town of Suqpia on Kodiak Island attracts even more natives this year, with seagoing canoes arriving from as far south as Haida Gwaii (OTL Queen Charlotte Islands), but seafarers are still unwilling to sail farther east. Mammoth tusks are discovered on The Walrus Islands, leading one captain to assume a tropical coninent with elephants exists in the Far North. He setes sail in search of it. Meanwhile, mammoth tusk mining becoms a major source of ivory. Nomadic tribes in central and eastern SIberia are offered trade concessions in return for conducting destabilzing raids against the Mongol Khanate and Jurchens, although the Koryaks request a portion of the proceeds, especially livestock. (Mod Response Needed)
  • Chukchis: The Chukchis also construct fishing boats and adopt limited agriculture, expanding the economy.
  • Chiribaya: We begin to improve our roads.
  • Eire: Nationalization and centralization of Eire continues. Some of the war-torn communities on the southeastern coast turn to fishing heavily to feed their people. Tales of Eire becomes popular reading amongst monks and nobles, and it spreads across the Irish Sea to parts of Britain. Ennis is bethrothed to an Ulsterian prince, cementing the marriage. Roads begin to be constructed, hopefully eventually linking the Munsterian towns with the Ulsterian towns. Tales of the western isle of Hy-Brasil become popular amongst the merchants and nobility, and some wonder if a voyage to that realm can be done, citing the possible presence of brazilwood. We continue vassalizing Silgo. A man who is messing with a mixture of saltpetre, sulfur and charcoal dies in a tragic accident that claims half of his village. Tensions build up along the border with Thomond, which is the only fully independent state in Ireland and wishes to remain so. War is expected to take place over the next few years, and as such, the military is readied. Threatened by the massive buildup of ships in more southerly nations, the King announces his plans to raise the navy to around 60 ships in five years. Massive shipbuilding programs (for the time and the place) begin in coastal cities such as Cork, Waterford, and Bell-Fast. The King forms a "Celtic Company" of the greatest soldiers in Eire. The Company is armed with traditional Celtic skirmisher gear, and the more modern pike that has been used to great effect in the rebellions. We offer any nation the service of the Company in exchange for money. (Mil-Turn)
    • Leinster: Leinster rebuilds after the civil war. D'Arcy's cronies are executed, and a pro-Munster government is instated, under Thomas II, son of King Eamon. Leinster begins building up its military in the fashion of Eire, with modern pikes, and old-fashioned skirmishers.
  • Timurid Empire: As we carry on the Islamization of our vassals, we use our new trade routes through the Chagatai Khanate in order to further strengthen the trade routes connecting the East and the West, and continue influencing them. (Year 25 out of 17 + extra years because of different people influencing). Although with the resisted vassalization, the Timurid Empire continues to try to attempt a peaceful vassalization, before making any rash decisions. The paper factories flourish. As our land travel progresses, we also work on our navy, and new shipyards are being built alongside river deltas, expanding our economy, and increasing our naval size/capacity. Draka feels that old age is catching up with him, and calls for Aryan to come back to the capital with his young son. And due to the continuous drought in the WTE, farmers migrate to the rice fields in the Bahmani province. 
  • Rumania: As negotiations continue in Adrianople almost all the soldiers return home. The official adoption of the Venetian Ducat and the admittance of the Roscol Bank increase the number of new businesses opening, and allow a faster recovery. The amount of printed material grows and spreads rapidly across the country. Priests are known to teach their followers some basic reading and writing, though this is very rare. Now 19 Radu I of Rumania Begins to search for a suitable bride, enquiries are sent to the Romans, Muscovites, Hungarians, Austrians and Georgia. A standard tax code is developed, which contains rates for Boyars, Merchants, Banks, Companies, and peasants. The development of gunpowder weapons is continued. A small force is maintained in the occupied coastal area of Bulgaria, to prevent mischief. Supplies are sent to aid the Muscovites against the Golden Horde. An alliance is offered to Austria, and so is a trade deal.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: All the Ottoman nobles are ransomed for a large sum, which is used to build improvements across the principality. A large fort begins to be constructed on the island in the middle of the harbor of Varna. The Black Sea road is continued down the length of the coast form Wallachia. Much of the territory once owned by Ottoman nobles is given to new Boyars who are loyal to Prince Radu and of Bulgarian-Wallachian descent. All existing Christian Bulgarian boyars’ claims to land are respected, and several are given small grants of land to insure their loyalty. A council of Boyars is established to run the nation, and every two years the group elects a consul to be the leader to be the leader of the army and act as an executive. This system draws heavily from the council that assisted Radu I early in his rule of Rumania.
  • Ica-Nazca: We continue to vassalize Sican. (Turn Two of Four) and we improve our infrastructure.
    • Chimor (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand our southeastern border so that itborders the Wanka and Cuzco.
    • Chancay (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand our military and send military support to the capital city.
    • Ica-Nazca dip: We accept Cuzco's offer and reopen trade with the Cuzco. Nose, Cuzco didn't want an alliance. 
    • They wanted increased trade rights.SwankyJ (talk) 22:16, March 26, 2014 (UTC)
    • We have had an alliance, though it has been strained due to my bipolar nature.)
  • Mangut Nikhgu expands 500 km sq southward on Sakhalin. Still no pastries, with apologies to the pastry chef's union. Grand National University apologizes for the delays in this weekly function due to the ongoing Nendaqo street protests. Professor Bodhisatvaped will resume his posts in next week's edition - after he is released from the hospital. On behalf of the entire university, we would like to express our relief that the good professor is alive after his disspearance at the beginning of the protests, and express our outrage at those who beat him.
  • Cahokia: Monchacho is making significant progress in the medicine field, focusing on spreading the latest techniques and theories on patient care. A medical school in downtown Cahokia has started construction and should finish in about 1458. The waste water management project (WWMP) continues work and is slated for completion in 1470. Fishing continues to be the main industry in the northern regions.
    • Moundville (Vassal of Cahokia): A military base is established on the southern outer border to house Nac regiments as their stay seems to be more permanent. As Moundville grows in size, population, and in influence, directives from the central government are seen as intrusive and a burden. A political divide in the Moundville elite opens between those who believe that Moundville should be more independent and those who believe that unity with the Cahokian Empire is the way to go. While some arguments get a little heated, the division remains trivial, for now....
    • Etowah (Vassal of Cahokia): Focus is centered on the timber industry and construction of the new fortress city, Appawa.
    • Parkin (Vassal of Cahokia): Nac regiments scouting to the west discover buffalo. The first are hunted and show to be very useful for meat and fur. Civilians move to the west to set up trading outposts. After disciplining a drunken officer for nearly killing himself trying to ride a buffalo, his superior officers see the wisdom in the man's drunken stupor and sent a brigade of Nac to attempt to domesticize the buffalo.
    • Cahokian Diplomacy: Cahokia requests permission to send a formal envoy of diplomats and economists to the Aztecs to discuss future trade and political relationships.
    • Diplomacy on this scale is not plausible at this time in the history of the Americas.
    • Agreed SwankyJ (talk) 23:44, March 26, 2014 (UTC)
  • Roman Empire: The eclipse occuring in Europe is seen more as a symbol of hope in the Empire rather than an ominous symbol of doom due to the Empire's recent victory over the Ottomans. (Some things in here are based on the new results, and will be removed accordingly if needed.) Military control has been installed in the rest of Thrace and Thessaly while a military government takes control of Macedonia in order to root out remaining resistance to the return of Roman rule. Regular patrols are organized out of Larissa and Adrianople to defeat bandits or Turkish Ghazis who refuse to acknowledge the outcome of the war. In Constantinople, the economic results of the war are painful. The Imperial treasury is nearly empty, and it will take several years for it to come back to sizable capacity, even with more lands to tax and the port of Thessalonica open to foreign trade. In the capital, the Khan's son largely completes his education and returns to his country as an educated nobleman and devout Nestorian. The study of the Dutch weapons that the Empire has kept following the war begins, and gunsmiths are hard at work trying to replicate their internal mechanisms. In order to solidify relations with Rumania, a nation vital to the victory over the Ottomans, the Emperor proposes that Prince Radu marry his daughter Sophia. The Union of the Churches document is printed and distributed to the peoples of the Empire, explaining how such a union will work and what it entails.
    • Albania: As per the agreement between Skanderbeg and the Venetians and Romans, Skanderbeg agrees to the de jure protectorate status of Albania in order to combat foreign influences. As such, Skanderbeg is crowned "Prince of Albania" in a public ceremony in Thessalonica by the Roman Emperor John VIII. Skanderbeg establishes a national capital at Kukes and begins soldifying his control. Albanians from the Ottoman and Roman Empires as well as Epirus. A national army is created and trained in order to protect the state and its independence.
    • What became of Helena? And what is albania? A vassal?
    • Radu accepts the marriage offer. 
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Albert and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1453 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1453, Albert II commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The planned market center in Landshut continues to attract regional traders. In religious news, the country begins converting to the Western Netherlander church. By the end of this year, around 70% of the country adheres to the Western Church in Holland. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria cotinues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Albert II makes efforts to implement Sedevacantist policies in the government. 
    • Munchen: The main campus of Queen Isabell University is completed and the beginning courses include French, Latin, English, and Greek as well as theology, clergy training and mathematics being taught. By 1453, the total class amounts to about 2230 people. Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Munchen as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Straubing as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Ingolstadt as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. 
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. The Catholic clergy of Wurzburg become restless when learning they are now vassals of Grand Duke Albert of Bavaria and his Western Church. However, as Albert begins tolerating the Catholics, the Wurzburg clergy seem to calm down.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund leads his armies into battle against the Ottoman Empire. Personally leading many attacks, he fights in the majority of battles against the Otttoman forces, fighting a superior campaign within Serbia and capturing many traditional Christian stronghold and pushing back the Ottomans and their Serbian supporters. Many of those who are against the new arriving Hungarian forces are forcably conscripted into the forces and forced to fight for Hungary. This allows Hungarian troop numbers to swell and present a much larger army against the Ottoman armies. The loyalty of these new forces are tested when they are forced to attack a large Ottoman stronghold, which was well supplied and manned. Soldiers loyal to Hungary are placed toward the rear of the army, forcing the conscripts to the front. With the Ottomans unrelenting in their attacks, the conscripts are forced to fight and the tactic proves to be successful as after heavy fighting victory is finally obtained by Hungary - even though it became the bloodiest battle of the war so far. Yet Sigismund knows most of the soldiers killed were Serbian conscripts and this allowed for a large percentage of his own forces to come out unharmed. The men are also conscripted as builders and are used to lay down more roads needed for the armies as well as quickly repair all the damaged castles and city walls captured by Hungarian forces. Stored grains are used when they are needed, and prove to be a winning system. In the times of war, the stored grains help peasants feed themselves and keeps discontent down for now. For the construction of the new, large ships, extra manpower from Serbia arrives - greatly reducing manpower costs and speeding up construction. This will allow the crown to make more ships for the same amount of money. The first of these large ships is finished this year and almost immediately sent to fight with Venetian ships to see how well they can fight. Nobles quieten down as the first ships are produced, and are interested in the performance of the ship. However, more equipment for the soldiers is produced in forges and this will help to keep arming soldiers against the Ottomans. The generals lead many divisions of soldiers against the Ottoman positions. A decent number of naval vessels patrolling the coast for an invasion, growing with more ships arriving from docks the fleet off the coast strengthens. Merchant ships now use Byzantine ports to trade and earn money in, helping expand the influence of Hungarian merchants. However, this ships are coming under Ottoman naval attacks, and thus are now accompanied by small warships which help protect Hungarian interests. Trading with Zeta continues in ernest. The checkpoint castles are a great help in housing troops which are patrolling routes of both nations as well as wealthy and influential merchants and nobles travelling between the nations. The upgrading of the border castles begin and thousands of unemployed peasants are drafted in to build the extensions and speed it up due to large numbers being used. Poland now sees greater economic growth as their economy is not only stable but able to grow rapidly on its own. However, the King of Poland grows older with each passing day and Sigismund uses the opportunity to influence the KIng of Poland and make him appoint Hungarian advisors for his day to day affairs. This only serves to strengthen the Hungarian position and Poland now begins to fall under greater influence of Hungary. The Polish army now begins to grow in strength once more, and thus begin training in larger groups. Missionaries begin to preach the word of god and distribute bibles to those who can read in a bid to convert secret pagans to Christendom and show them the light of god. Both nations now see a large amount of trade conducted within each others' borders and this makes the merchants learn of each other's languages. Many become fluent in Polish while other fluent in Hungarian. Large irrigation channels have been created by workers, helping to expand the regions of farmland under the control of the crown. The Queen and the Princesses control the affairs of court. They decide on which systems need to be rebuilt and who needs what, handling the situation well and leaving many nobles sidelined. The war against the Ottoman Empire continues with various victories along the war. However, Hungarian forces under a less well known general are ambushed in a forest. In the resulting battle, the majority of Hungarian soldiers are killed, while the Ottoman soldiers manage to secure the land from any further Hungarian moves in the region. This is a heavy blow to the war effort. The Crown Prince leads his forces onto the mainland where they use Roman Macedonia as a base to launch attacks into the flanks of Ottoman lines, accompanied by many Roman brigades. This helps weaken their lines as well as create a path to the main Hungarian forces. Yet the Prince finds the land he conquered is lost rapidly as his forces move forward due to the fact he has no men to spare to try to hold the lands he has conquered. However, it seems Hungary is making much progress and hopefully will force the Ottomans onto the negotiating table.
  • The Kingdom of Croatia continues to see a large trading boom occur within the nation as it becomes the gates of the Hungarian realms and helps to attract customers and merchants to the nation as well as Hungary. Wartime has brought about a boom in trading as supplies are now in greater demand, allowing merchants to grow richer by selling their goods. The dockyards cut the wood and build the large fighting vessels for the Crown, as requested by the king himself. The first ship is completed and is immediately sent southward to fight in crucial battles and drain the Ottomans of their merchantile resources. A tariff for merchants trading is also in place but it is put at favourable levels with none for the Venetians due to the new alliance between the states and the amount of trading between them. Venetian traders are a common sight in Croatian ports, helping to bring in much revenue. Many Croat knights fight for the crown in the south - earning glory and helping the Hungarian cause.
  • In Garay, roads need to be remade due to their worsening condition and thus workers are drafted in to fix up the roads. Many nobles from Garay gain land and they use this land to help increase crop yields as well as the amount of trading ongoing between each of the nobles. The money is sent as taxes and used to upgrade the standings of the nobles themselves. Many men are also trained in military combat to make them more effective foot-soldiers. The members of the Garay Family who have survived continue the fight against the Ottomans. The eldest manages to win a victory against Ottoman forces, securing many villages in the process.
  • In Split, the nobles begin to work on creating standing armies to manage and controlling their lands. Castles continue being built in the vassal while many old ones are completely torn apart and their land allocated for peasants. The soldiers of the nobles who were executed are distributed between the present nobles and they quickly begin to adapt - training with their new fighting partners. The nation trains its knights hard and trains commoners too. The nobles join the war for their king.
  • Bosnia: also sees a lot of economic and military growth. The nation begins to organise its own soldiers under the command of nobles who take part in knight competitions to increase their skill set while readying forces in case they are called up to defend the lands. Bosnia is used as a large base for the attacks against the Ottoman Empire, with a large portion of forces in the country present to rest and heal from battles.
  • Banu Sulaym sees a lot of trading posts being set up while the Hungarian traders force the Emir of the nation to make it more tolerant so trading can easier occur and the people can live better lives. Many Muslims feel this is not good, but none can complain as soon as the ports begin to busscle with merchants who are buying and selling goods at a rapid rate. The vassal begins to develop economically. The nation continues to grow in trading and it opens new ports. Many begin to think that expanding inward could also be a good idea as it would help make the borders safer. The Emir finally agrees to it after building up resources for it. The nation expands 4000 km inland.
  • Austria: We train and expand our military using new experience from recent wars, and grow our nation economically. In Morocco our position in Melilla is fortified. All fortifications around the region are rebuilt and manned by stationed guards in case of an attack. To protect Melilla the construction of a fortress outside the city is considered, although postponed for now. The port of Melilla is rebuilt to begin operation as a trade port and military outpost. Construction continues on a shipyard in the Melilla port to facilitate the construction and repair of friendly ships. Melilla is granted a permanent naval garrison in the city’s port. to respond to dangers in the area, and to support the small garrison on land who mans the fortifications. Our position in Morocco is fortified by re-inforcements, bringing Melilla operational against attacks. For now a small fleet is stationed in its harbor, while its garrison continues to hold the north and its supply lines, supporting our Christian brethren.  With much of the Muslim population of Melilla left dead after the war against Morocco, the local government attempts to entice settlers by offering large quantities of land to Christian settlers. Many Europeans, particularly of German descent and/or from central Europe begin settling the area around Melilla. With finances from Augsburg-based banking establishments, the Trieste Company continues to launch expeditions to West Africa. Ambrosius Federmann’s second expedition to West Africa is a success, with a trade post being established to trade with natives.  Initially the group has trouble cultivating plants, but with the help of the local Wolof, the settlement begins exploiting Fonio. Fishing is also undertaken at times. Deals are made with the Wolof for slaves and other goods, beginning a peaceful relationship. The trade posts at Abrechtburg and Dominusburg grow as trade becomes common in the area, attracting small amounts of settlers. Conversion of the natives begin around the settlement. Several bimereiches begin construction in Trieste to further facilitate and protect overseas trade. We ask Castile to remain neutral in the Netherlands’ conflict. We continue influencing our vassal states of Salzburg, Gorizia, Augsburg, Patria del Friuli, Chur, Württemberg, the Electorate of the Palatinate, Oettingen, Ulm, Cilli, Mainz, Hohenlohe, Strassburg, Metz, and others. We continue influencing Furstenburg, Konstanz, Kempten, and Magdeburg. We continue to improve relations with our Italian neighbors to the south. Trade is increased with the Grand Duchy of Bavaria, as well as Venice, bringing about new avenues of trade and commerce. The formation and organization of the newly founded  kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine continues, proving to be a successful investment. We continue assimilating the population of Aquileia, which has become dependent on Austrian trade and support for its defense and prosperity. Military and economy of Austria and all vassals and subject nations expand. After the successful campaign against the Ottoman Empire, our forces return home. We seek a diplomatic solution to the end of the United Norse Crown’s aggression against Novgorod. 
  • Pskov continues to fight, initiating a new offensive at Turku, the amphibious assault of Pskovian forces use cunning and trickery to pose as traders, only to unload their weapons once they docked at turku, and fire at the UNC guards. The Brutal Siege of Turku lasted Months, but The Norse defenders were no match for cannons and gunpowder barrels rolled under the city walls. Eventualy, the City is Occupied by Pskov, and it becomes the center of their operations. However, hearing the news, the Norse Armies rush toward the city, trying to reclaim it. The Pskovians have now put their economy into overdrive, arming every soldier with a musket, or firearm, the new naval ships are equipped with cannons, to try to destroy the Scandinavian fleets, in one battle in the Gulf of Finland, the Pskovian navy sailed a ship full of gunpowder barrels into a set of Scandinavian ships, and then blew it up in close proximity, setting off a trail of black powder before jumping overboard, destroying two ships in the explosion. The Pskovians sign a trade deal with the Georgians, giving them favorable prices for Pskovian goods, and a lesser tarif reciprocated when they heard the joyous news of another nation joining their zolotnik system.
  • The Grand Sultanate of the Mashriq continues to complete Sultan Ahmed-ad-Din Yusuf's plan of uniting all of his holdings. Furusiyya and the Shura continue to redefine the role of the Mamluks and the military in general. Construction of the حديقة قصر, or Hadeekah Palace, is almsot finished on Gezira Island of Cairo. The Sultanate expands 2500 sq km underneath Cyrenaica. The new Assafi calendar continues to increase in popularity, especially in regions of trade and land near the Western World. Nubia continues to be integrated more and more, to prevent any future rebellions. Ahmed continues the growth of the navy's set of vessels, and the trading corporations continue with the wave of discoveries. STEC consolidates its trade grasp over Malagasy and the Swahili states, and sends supplies to Sanafah, which expands by 2500 sq km. Missionary efforts on Malagasy continue as well. Meanwhile, the IAFATM continues to influence Aceh, which is a semi-puppet state of the Mashriqi, making slow but steady progress. Education at all universities (Alexandria, Damascus and Baghdad) continues strongly, which breeds common language, common culture, and common literature. Trade with Oman and Yemen continues, as well as influence in Al-Sumal. Iritriya ​expands 5000 sq km, under Ethiopia. The Sultanate of Tunisia grows 5000 sq km under Cyrenaica to connect with the Mashriq. Influence over Gafsa and Zab continues. In Tunisia, most Christian influence is naturally supplanted by the influx of Assafi conversions. War in the Ottoman Sultanate begins. All Burji states grow their economies.


    • Ottoman Dip: "War in the Ottoman Sultanate begins." Um, what's warranted a war all of a sudden?
  • Aragon continues to build up its navy, economy, and infrastructure.. Meanwhile, the nobility continues to be patrons of the arts - unlike the nobles in the other uncultured nations of Europe. Furthermore, Aragon's trade prowess increases as does its expanse of knowledge. With the shift to the Consuete now finalized, the age of free thinking continues and new scientific discoveries are made. Aragon continues to seek trade agreements with the Dutch who can not even see their own name in boldface. Furthermore, Aragon continues to fortify its two ports on the Navarrese coast. Aragon sends diplomats to France to see if Aragon could purchase a few Atlantic ports or rent them at great cost due to Aragon's wealth. Art and science continue to flourish as they have for the last damn fifteen years and ideas continue to be brought back from far off lands. The offers of Venice are accepted with the exception of the adoption of the Venetian currency. However, Aragon agrees to peg the currency to that of Venice.

  • Oyo Empire: The Oyo continues their development of naval technologies, especially once they launch their first sailing vessel, which has begun the start of Oyo's sailing history. Though they had been plying the sea for food for centuries, the development of true naval technologies under Oranyan fifty years intensified the Oyo's desire to develop their naval power. The ship performs well, and sets off to Angola to test the capabilities of the sail. Elsewhere, the Benin vessel has been placated, and the people of Oyo return to work, finally happy that the "civil war" has "end". Though they never acknowledged it as anything serious, the military remains ready to crush any anti-Oyo rebels in the country. Given that all of the rebels were of non-Oyo blood, and thus from the minority population, the Eso and the Ikarira double their patrols in non-Oyo locations, ready to put a swift end to insurgent activities. The Oyo government scoffs at the neighboring tribals attempt to "resist" their expansion, noting the superior technologies the Oyo possess, such as steel, while the tribals are lightyears behind militarily. However, with all of the hostile tribes around Oyo, the Alaafin acknowledges that his people must turn to the sea for their future if they are to expand in the future.

  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The relation with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continue to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc. The reconstruction of the southern part of Italy begins, the damage is huge and will take seven years to restore the ports and cities
    • Kingdom of Sicily: King Peter III sends aid to rebuild damaged cities and ports in southern Italy. Meanwhile, the army begins the process of assimilation of Italian tactics that spread through the Mediterranean, promoting the use of early firearms. The economy of the island is mostly cereal crops, thanks to Italian support the exploitation of olive and wine grape starts.
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continue. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies; is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy in one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continue the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Vatican City: Pope Calixtus III continue the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope like his predecessor condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The Pope in his speeches also continues condemning the current lack of security of pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, which the Christian nations have a priority to recover these places and they are missing to the will of God. 
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.

1454

The remaining Irish states stabilize. After years of bitter conflict, Thomond decide to put down their arms and to join Eire as a free state. Mayo and Sligo follow suit.

The low population density of the Tibetans is laughed at by the leaders of several Shan tribes. They reclaim independence.

Low population density isn't a reason to break away from a nation, and to believe that breaking away from the leading nation is easy is folly. The Tibetans were very populous, but they controlled a large chunk of land. Russia today has a large population, yet it has a very low population density. However, I've never seen anyone dumb enough to "laugh" at them and try to break away. Last time that happened, the Chechens were practically glassed to death in the 1990s by scores of Russian tanks, aircraft and artillery. Remember, the Tibetans still amassed an army of 100-200,000 troops to fight China in the 1400s (the Chinese themselves went with the higher number, which means a lot if they did). It wouldn't be wise for the Shan to simply "break away" without a fierce response from Lhasa. ~Viva
This event is badly worded. The point is, there are about as many Shan as Tibetans, so breaking away from Tibet would not be hard by the Shan states. Tibet doesn't have a large population at all today, there are six million Tibetans. ~Fed
Tibet did have a good population in the past, though. They were definitely also not a nation to be laughed at - Kun
I annexed the Shan states in 1452, anyway. Flag of Tibet Jbwncster (Talk) RustySilverGear
Fed, just because there are only six million Tibetans today doesn't mean their population was larger in the past. Considering that there were several wars in Tibet in the last century and the large flight from the region after China took over, the Tibetans may have been much more populous before the 1940s, but the current demographic reflects what happened in the past, and thus Tibet is less populous. For instance, there were eight million Irish before the Potato Famine in the 1830-40s. Today there are only four million. ~Viva
I've been told by several mods that scan is the one who created this event so it's kinda like metagaming. Flag of Tibet Jbwncster (Talk) RustySilverGear

After years of being forced to pay tribute to Muslim rulers, the Russian citizens of Great Perm begin protesting the Golden Horde. A small rebellion begins, and several Muslim settlers in northern Siberia are killed by the more experienced Russian natives.

There are no Russians in Great Perm ... it's a Komi nation ... Also, it's about 30% Muslim. Fed (talk

Also, any Russians in the area aren't "experienced natives", they're settlers, too. Russians didn't settle North SIberia until OTL 1550s, so it's ridiculous to have them here in the 1400s. And at that time, most of the native Siberians were Muslim. Krasnoyarsk (talk) 11:03, March 27, 2014 (UTC)>

The capital of Soconusco officially becomes the center of the rebellion movement. Representatives from the other areas in rebellion convene there to discuss plans for working together to combat Tenochtitlan's influence.

Someone is going to die. SwankyJ (talk) 00:31, March 27, 2014 (UTC)

Soconusco would be the last "vassal" to rebel. It is weak. Founded directly by the imperial state of Tenochtitlan. SwankyJ (talk) 00:50, March 27, 2014 (UTC)

Also, Soconusco wouldn't be convening with other vassals. Because I have no damn vassals. Combat Aztec influence? Is this a joke? Soconusco is 100% Aztec. SwankyJ (talk) 00:50, March 27, 2014 (UTC)

Apparently he has no other vassals but really stop threatening to quit because you have a rebellion. But he did apparently handle this last turn but it wasn't really detailed on how. -Feud

Last I checked, he dealt with it MULTIPLE turns. Really, if you're going to make an event, at least read the turn of the person you're targeting. This is really getting out of hand, which is why the disaster mod needs to be changed. TheNoseKnight (talk) 01:18, March 27, 2014 (UTC)

Some of these events are written in advance, so they don't always account for immediate actions by players. Please stop crossing out mod posts.

It's an outrage that events are written in advance. What does that say? That says that the writer is lazy and does not care to create a proper interactive experience or respond to player actions! IF you are going to write things in advance and ignore players, go write a timeline, don't play map games. You don't understand them. - Kun
This I find downright hilarious. When the mods get mad and demand to know why players want to impeach them, and then they go back around and start destroying nations in complete defiance of what the player wrote the turn before. Swanky has no vassals, dealt with the people on several turns, and as far as I've been able to see, has done nothing to encourage a rebellion. These rebellions are way too common in an era where the people were too afraid to fight their government, and were few and far in between. None of the OTL rebellions in the era you read able ever succeeded. They were always crushed because 1) the peasants had no training or access to weapons 2) they were extremely outclassed by the military which as ALWAYS loyal to the liege 3) the peasants never won because they always had people who ran away at the last moment. Take the German Peasants' War for example. 300,000 peasants revolted, but they were massacred by the military, and to add insult to injury, the war only lasted a year. Long story short, your revolts are implausible, way too common, and often appear politically motivated. The players are losing confidence in the mods because in their attempt to "fight" ASB, they have resorted to ASB to do it. ~Viva

Elite families in Moundville begin to push for more autonomy from Cahokia. They use their wealth and connections to spread this sentiment into the other vassals.

In Cartagena the Cacique Alliance continues growing. However, the small confederation lacks of the momentum due to their distance from the quimbaya.

The quimbaya launch offensives against the tribes near the Atrato River and the region of Choco in order to get the gold in the region.

The Motilon Confederation grows to the south as the Chitareros begin losing land against the motion, one if the leaders is captured and sent to Kukuta OTL cucuta (which means house of the elves or house of goblins - LOL) where he's killed.

The Guajirean tribes continue establishing their confederation.

The Catatumbo confederated tribes continue gaining support from local tribes rising as they the growth and power of the quimbaya and motilons.

  • Duchy of Hamburg: Allied forces slowly push the Norse and their vassals north. In the east, scouts report seeing the Free and Hanseatic city of Leübeck from their vantage points, but the main body lags behind. The progress in the west slows, and Bremen still lies miles away. The Hamburg Maritime Defense Fleet plays mostly a defensive strategy, keeping UNC ships from bombarding the City, and occasionally running the UNC gauntlet to get trading ships into the North and Baltic Seas.
  • Hesse:  The Hessian armies are visited by Prince Ludwig II, and under orders from Ludwig I, they march into Bremen. Meanwhile, Ludwigism's principles are placed nailed to the door of the Holy Cathedral Of The Aliquam. Archbishop Victor Friedel finds this, and begins rallying Catholics against Ludwigism. Ludwigism becomes increasingly popular with the royal family, elderly and many people who go into business.
  • Aztec Empire: Emperor Montezuma II [34] pays tribute and sends military forces to frighten the people of Soconusco, and bribe the leaders there as well. Cuachtemoc [24] gets married to Icnoyotl, and has a son named Tezcacoatl. He is born on December 17th and is very healthy. The empire soon begins to look down on the religion of sacrificial paganism - although no one talks about it. The military may be bloodthirsty, but the people are becoming less so. Infrastructure is expanded throughout the land, as well as an imperial expenditure on the Aztec military; a gift from the Emperor for Cuachtemoc's big year. To the Emperor, centralization throughout the empire is a must as it is largely accepted throughout. Xilopolco becomes the new military capital of the north now holding one-tenth of the Aztec military. It hits a population of 32,000 - 20,000 being purely military units. Xilopolco is re-inforced with stone walls around the market square and government/military buildings. It is made the new capital of Zacatollan. Trade and economy growth is also distinctly noticed. Fishing ships now number 350, mainly in the Pacific, as the Imperial Navy [which isn't so imperial hahaha] now boasts a quantity of 210 ships. Iron scale armor is now largely accepted among the military as it is still easy to move in and very light, yet offers protection.
  • France: Military and economy are built up. While this, the Navy expands. Brittany officially enters the French influence sphere. In Armagnac a few officers loyal to France give up on rebels siding with the recently known Foix threat. The ambassador of Foix is captured and the alleged secret agent is decapitated. A blockade begins to be exerted at Foix. Andorra and Castile are asked to follow the same actions. While this, the growth of military in France continues, and Queen Joanne d'Arc and Louis have another set of triplets named Francois, Antoinette and Helen.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Brittany: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up.
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up.
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up.
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. 
    • Sine, there isn't a way you could've known that Foix assassinated people. Sure, you know personally, but France does not. So it is implausible to make moves against Foix SwankyJ (talk) 21:42, March 27, 2014 (UTC)
    • Andorra is in a personal union with Foix. They can't blockade themselves. Flag of Tibet Jbwncster (Talk) RustySilverGear
  • Castile: The Castilian economy continues a larger process of pulling in more money through trade. The Castilians begin to send missionaries into Morocco in hopes of converting populations. The infrastructure of Castile is also expanded more. Castile, in order to facilitate more conversions to Christianity, imposes higher taxes on non-Christians in the areas it controls personally or by proxy through its vassals. Castile has successfully mapped large parts of the African coast south of Morocco and down as far as their settlements in Capo Verde. The developing class in Castile of skilled artisans, merchants, blacksmiths and the like has led to a large increase in productivity of the country with even a few researchers managing to work on new designs - including a more efficient hand cannon which gets its own dedicated corps in the developing Royal army of Castile. The Castilian nobility begins to adapt toward a newer system to revamp or work on their power as they move toward becoming advisors to the king and less involved in their feudal estates which while growing have developed Guilds to facilitate payments for the efforts of the men working, The expert worksmanship of many of these men has seen notable increase in productivity for each feudal state with most lords not complaining. The Kingdom's cities begin to be improved with somewhat better sanitation and the King hires architects to plan out a sewer system, as well as a true plan for multiple major cities. Castile begins a major process of researching the arquebus acquired and develops its own version which is used to replace the hand cannons which is finally finished. The Castilian navy, using the Canaries as a base, continually explore the area and discover a new island chain, the closest island is able to be settled and a small settlement springs up on the islands and is built up and styled as a resupply base. Capo Verde now fully settled is continually built up to accommodate Castile's military, navy and exploratory fleets The construction of a new kind of warship with cannons is completed - a heavy warship much more powerful than most other ships of the time. The King notices the heavily increased productivity and income flow due to his hands off policy and non-interference and begins to allow artists, minstrels and other artistic and scientific minds to become more prevalent in Castile, many believe the Castilian Renaissance is imminent. Castile, due to its naval range, high income, extensive and dominant trade network, becomes one of the largest and most dynamic trade empires of the Atlantic and Western Mediterranean. The Castilian navy with its new heavy warships and some new updated designs for older ships organizes a heavy royal fleet phasing out past organizations. The Royal army of Castile has now almost wholly replaced the previous feudalistic military forces and has a size of nearly 50,000 and growing thanks in part to the good funding being provided by the king. In order to make up for lost power the King as behest of his new wife, and several of his friends who are nobles create a king's advisory council which officially has the power of the king in many matters if authorized. The men are also given station to criticize the kings actions to keep him from going crazy with power. The Knights Hospitaller are moved more into Castile with their professional fighting strength and religious zeal used to patrol the borders of Castile's Gibraltar province. The Knights are also given the authority to police the majority Christian Tangiers now, and effectively prevent many Muslims from coming over the border to wreak havoc. Castile begins considering opening up talks to relieve Granada of a primarily Christian province and a possible problem in the future for the country and giving it to the Knights Hospitaller to set up a kingdom or set up their organization in the area. King John secretly does this with the willing knights who have left Cyprus to prevent channelling their religious zeal into border patrolling. Castile's navy, now heavily funded and expanded greatly, reaches a large amount of combat and tradeworthy ships and with its trade from Oyo, and various supply bases establishes military and trade dominance over the West African areas as well as its locality in the Mediterranean. The Castilian trade dominance in West Africa remains unbudged as Castile directly owns and has the majority of the gold and ivory trades coming out of West and North Africa. Castile's population reaches around 5.2 million and growing. (I have been focusing heavily on growth of population and have not been involved in nearly the amount of destructive wars as OTL Castile has been). The Castilian Renaissance reaches its full swing with art and scientific advancement being allowed by the State as many of the religious fanatics and dissidents are fighting in Morocco, along with this, the highly respected middle and artisan classes are able to afford a much better living with various artists painting great works and with one even gaining an audience with the royal family for a painting. The Castilian navy reaches a large force of nearly 550 ships using the huge funding from Castile's conquests, trading, and other situation to fund this navy.  Castile begins looking for betrothals to Prince Henry, Prince Carlos and Princess Maria with Princess Elenor being reserved for Italy's heir to officially solidify Castile and Italy's full dynastic union (between you giving me your daughter and me giving you mine our dynasties will be the same). The technology of the Castilian navy is improved heavily as the king begins to focus more on the quality of his ships rather than the quantity. The exploration continues just below the Kongo as the Castilian exploration parties manage to gather supplies from the Kongo's friendlier tribes. These exploratory parties have reached OTL Angola and a little bit farther south but supply constraints and lack of knowledge of the area prevents further progress. Castile begins sending missionaries to the Kongo to convert the Friendlier tribes. Castile continues to convert to the western church with the king and his royal family attempting to preach about the new church and its benefits to the common man and not keeping them in the dark. This continued outright preaching causes an issue as a secret assassin attempts to kill King John of Castile. However, in a show of expert agility and swordsmanship in his old age allows the king to Not only disarm the assailant but capture him. The Royal Guard unmasks the man as a Castilian noble who before being executed leads on that a small group of nobles are plotting against the king and his family. This, however, leaves the remaining nobles scared as King John using personally loyal advisors and troops to begin a series of inquiries and investigations. To protect the kingdom from a possible issue he also begins to deploy the royal army in an attempt to prevent a major rebellion. This is largely successful as King John confirms the loyalty of various generals and nobleman this way but manages to gather a list of men who he believes are plotting against him. With this he also reconfirms the loyalties of his subjects. The Castilian navy with new ships replacing the old ones begins military drills for preparedness and experience.  Castilian naval ships continue the blockade of Granada to prevent an interrupt in trade and prevent undesireables from interfering in the Granadan Civil war. Castile also takes back its border towns and conducts a large scale raid into the disorganized territory burning and killing nearly 20,000 Muslims in retaliation severely weakening their hold just outside the kingdom of Granada's territory.
    • Kingdom of Granada: The Kingdom of Granada is formed with quick help thanks to Castile and the kingdom begins to recruit local Christians to help fight in the army. The economy, while meager, is growing. However, the country focuses heavily on fighting the Civil war at hand organizing areas beyond the area of control to help gain Christian allies as they begin to kill Muslim forces. The Civil war is far from over (they expanded this turn due to Castile forming them.) The Kingdom is formed in a relatively common way as the Muslims are currently being fought as what is deemed "hispanic tradition."  The Kingdom itself is relatively successful in fighting the Muslims in its general locale and has secure its main territory just offset from Gibraltar relatively easily. The Kingdom itself has King John as the king supreme with a Prince like Morocco. The Prince of Granada is a Castilian noble named Juan Cortez who is extremely biased against Muslims due to his father's death in the original war against Morocco over Gibraltar. Many of the Muslims within the new kingdom's borders are put to the sword and periodic raids and support parties are sent out to help Christian forces fight in the disorganized lands. The kingdom itself expands 5000 sq km along Granadas coast and begins securing the area heavily in order to enclose the country and prevent outside aid of any sort from flooding in. This secures most of the west and the entire border sections of the country.
    • Kingdom of the Canaries: The Canaries are able to build upon the multiple viable settlements and a moderately sized and growing population. The Canaries, finally completely covering the islands, begins to send moderately sized fleets that are resupplied from the islands and from Castile to continually explore the area. The Canaries help supply settlers and fleets moving to Capo Verde. The governor reaffirms his support for King John.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: King Matthias of Cyprus has twin sons, both of which are sent to Castile for tutoring until they are old enough. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller West to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the forseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. King Matthias is killed in religious riots in Cyprus leaving his highly capable son in charge. This new King Fernando a half Cypriot, half Castilian man reigns in the riots relatively quickly and with decisive action solves their issue. The King himself being from some of the Western Catholic Sect has openly converted and challenges the conspirators of the riots to try again and see what happens. When another riot is organized in later months the King himself leads the Cypriot army and police and seizes the ring leaders preventing further rioting. This King swears his loyalty to King John and his mother's homeland of Castile.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The less fortunate and disenfranchized are converted. The Kingdom itself is a Christian kingdom with a similar situation of early Castile and Aragon, with large amounts of Muslims and a small amount of Christians. However, the Christian community in Morocco is expanded in thanks to the influx of traders and settlers from Castile and some other immigrants looking for an opportunity to live a new life here. The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area.  The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable amount of Castilians settle the area. While Christians remain the minority the kingdom of Morocco sets up various churches and allows preachers to roam around and convert people. The Kingdom begins to push toward integration of the city of Tangiers into the kingdom. This would give the Kingdom two important cities. Heavy taxes are imposed on Muslim traders in order to facilitate conversions to Christianity while lower more friendly taxes are given to Christian merchants. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Knights Hospitaller finally calm down from their overly religious conquest and begin to allow effective administration of the country. This is due in part to their losses and their lack of adaptation to Castile's budding new national religion. The Kingdom itself shows a relative increase in tensions with the remainder of Morocco due to border issues. This may indeed escalate into a full scale war due to issues stemming between the new Christian kingdoms continued push for legitimacy in the Christian world. Prince Adelmo the leader of Morocco previously very shadowy makes a public statement reaffirming his support for King John. The Knights Hospitaller in the country begin to die off due to old age, lack of recruitment and the very dangerous border raids and Muslim village raids they conduct bringing their numbers to barely 1000. The Kingdom's army proper raised by immigrant Christians now numbers about 3000 itself and is expected to grow.

No, you can't do this. You cannot allow my prestigious knights to die out hahaha. Make them fight and help with the revolt on Granada. Allow them to purge Muslims once more. Have Vittorio de Luca (Grandmaster-Italian-56 years old) command the knights there. Or Rodrigo Torrez (Heir Grandmaster-Castilian-49 years old) command the war although his family's home fort Castio de Torrez is in Tekke, armed to the brim with cannon. SwankyJ (talk) 21:10, March 27, 2014 (UTC)

  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The relation with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continue to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc. The reconstruction of the south part of Italy continue, will take like six years to restore the ports and cities.
    • Kingdom of Sicily: King Peter III sends aid to rebuild damaged cities and ports in southern Italy. Meanwhile, the army continue the process of assimilation of Italian tactics that spread through the Mediterranean, promoting the use of early firearms. The economy of the island is mostly cereal crops. Thanks to Italian support the exploitation of olives and wine grapes continues.
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continue. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies; is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy in one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continue the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Vatican City: Pope Calixtus III continue the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope like his predecessor condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The Pope in his speeches also continues condemning the current lack of security of pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, which the Christian nations have a priority to recover these places and they are missing to the will of God. (more to come)
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
  • Portugal continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers start to follow the Castilian example and start to explore the African coast. São Miguel and Santa Maria continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the colony of Açores expands 600 sq km into the two recently-discovered islands, with settling starting there.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate: The currency situtation in Japan begins to worry the new Shogun. For decades, trade has been carried out with a combination of bartering and imitation Chinese coins. However, these coins are easily forged and carry a lower value than their Chinese counterparts. As trade with China and between the Daimyos increases, the Shogun begins to investigate the possibility of the creation of an independent Japanese monetary system.
  • The Grand Sultanate of the Mashriq begins making great progress in the war against the Ottomans, and begins to repel the unexpecting Turks from Dulkadir and Mardin, and begin to set their sights upon the Black Sheep Turkomen and Erzincan. Troops also march north from Tekke and Ramazan, the two Cicilian states and encounter light resistance. Sultan Ahmed-ad-Din Yusuf even leads troops into Dulkadir and Mardin, hoping to show his vitality as a powerful leader. Furusiyya and the Shura continue to redefine the role of the Mamluks and the military in general, especially in the face of the currently-raging war. Construction of the حديقة قصر, or Hadeekah Palace, is finished on Gezira Island of Cairo, but it is not opened yet, as the Grand Sultan himself must be there for the ceremony. The Sultanate expands 2500 sq km underneath Cyrenaica. The new Assafi calendar is generally recognized by all of the Mashriqi states by now, and begins to be exported to al-Sumal and al-Swahili, as well as Muslim states in India and the Indies. Integration of Nubia, which has been ongoing for a while now, is no longer officially in practice, as a vast majority of Nubia is Muslim and the Arabs have become equal in number to local blacks. The Sultan calls for the first official Mashriqi Census, to take place every ten years - years ending in five. The navy now has 100 ships, in both the Red and Mediterranean fleets combined, as well as an addtional 50 galleys. STEC consolidates its trade grasp over Malagasy and the Swahili states, and sends supplies to Sanafah, which expands by 2500 sq km. Missionary efforts on Malagasy continue as well. Meanwhile, the IAFATM continues to influence Aceh, which is a semi-puppet state of the Mashriqi, making slow but steady progress. Education at all universities (Alexandria, Damascus and Baghdad) continues strongly, which breeds common language, common culture, and common literature. Trade with Oman and Yemen continues, as well as influence in Al-Sumal. Iritriya ​expands 5000 sq km, under Ethiopia. The Sultanate of Tunisia grows 5000 sq km under Cyrenaica to connect with the Mashriq. Influence over Gafsa and Zab continues. In Tunisia, most Christian influence is naturally supplanted by the influx of Assafi conversion. All Burji states grow their militaries.
    • Rexi, what you're doing in Aceh isn't even borderline possible. With Blood and Iron (talk) 17:49, March 27, 2014 (UTC)
    • Crossed out. It isn't plausible. Cut it out -Feud
  • Mayan Empire: We agree to trade with the Aztecs, and continue to rebuild from the wars. Boats are built for fishing, and we begin mining in several regions. Construction of pyramids begins, and begin examining astrology, keeping calendars of the Lunar cycles. We keep this a closely guarded treasure, and do not let outsiders see it. Priests make scarifies to the Gods.
    • Aztec Empire diplomacy: We thank you for accepting, although it was the last chance you had. So we are quite suspicious. 
  • Koryak Confederacy: The Koryak Confederacy expands its military by reproducing smaller versions of Chinese oceangoing ships. Six of these are built, and their greater range, transport capabilities, and ability to bear heavy weapons is expected to be a great help to the military. Repeating crossbows and guns continue to spread. With Buddhism and animism still in conflcit, the new religion of Qamism surges in popularity as the Council adopts it as a way of ending strife. Counterweight trebuchets and other siege equipment are constructed. Nomadic tribes in Central and South Siberia are offered weapons and trade concessions in return for conducting destabilizing raids against the Jurchens. Mod Response Needed
    • ​Ashikaga Dip: The Shogun recognises the Koryak as the dominant tribal group in North East Asia and expresses interest in the similarities between Korak religion and Japanese Shintoism. 
    • Koryak Dip: The Koryaks express their admiration for Japanese culture and recognize the Ashikaga as the main authority in Japan. The Council expresses interest in adopting Shintoism as the state religion in the Confederacy due to the preexistent similarity.
  • Chukchis: Expand 2500 km northeast.
  • Rumania: As negotiations continue in Adrianople almost all the soldiers return home. The official adoption of the Venetian Ducat and the admittance of the Roscol Bank increase the number of new businesses opening, and allow greater growth. The amount of printed material grows and spreads rapidly across the country. Priests are encouraged to teach their followers some basic reading and writing, though this is rareA standard tax code is developed, which contains rates for Boyars, Merchants, Banks, Companies, and peasants. The development of gunpowder weapons is continued. Supplies are sent to aid the Muscovites against the Golden Horde. Radu I, now 20, meets his bride Sophia in Constanta. From there they travel to Bucharest, a large centrally located trade town, and on May 1st, 1454 they take their vows. The crowd, gathered to watch the event, exceeds 3000 and thousands more celebrate across the nation. 1454 is a good year for Rumania; trade grows immensely as does mining, and smelting.  The economy is booming and spirits are high. A gunsmith is opened in Constanta, owned by a certain Marius Cojocaru.


    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: A large fort continues to be constructed on the island in the middle of the harbor of Varna. The Black Sea road is continued down the length of the coast form Wallachia. Roads are paved across the country, allowing for travel. The Rumanian tax code is implemented in Bulgaria, as well as a Christian law code. 

  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. Our fourth city is built and we continue our expansion. We continue to study the printing press and make more of it. We buy more books from China. We continue to influence the Chagatai into centralizing the North of their territory. We begin building up our military and increasing military development. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We develop our own writing which is a form of Chinese script similar to Japanese Kanji.
    • Oirat D to Golden Horde: We ask for an alliance and to split Siberia by the Lena river, where everything Northwest of that is yours and south east is mine. We also ask for trade.
  • Ming China: China celebrates the victory in South East Asia against Pegu. A large chunk of the east is seized and reformed as Sukhotthai. Rebels remain in Eastern Pegu (former west Sukhotthai). Pegu is forced to pay tribute and a member of the royal family is taken by Ming China as a hostage. Pegu is not allowed to be diplomatically swayed by any nation into vassalage to them. Continued vassaling occurs with the Khmer Empire ending with a Third Chinese Intervention in the Empire which restores order to the nation. Angkor Wat is reinstated as the capital with significant Chinese funding. Ayutthaya is influenced further and relations improve with the victory against Pegu and the instatement of Sukhotthai as a joint Ming-Ayatthayan vassal. The situation in Japan improves with warming relations with the Emperor and the Shogun. The Clan chief of the Hosokawa Clan who is a third cousin to the Jingtai Emperor dies in an accident involving a spear. Shikoku thus becomes land of the Chinese Celestial Empire. Revolts occur amongst the minor landed daimyos there but the swift transportation of a quarter of a million troops via the treasure fleet wipes out all resistance. Osaka is proclaimed as the capital of Chinese Japan. Significant raids by the Mongols are detected with the Emperor deciding to soon ride forth. Haixi, Korea, Tainan, Lao Xing and Khmer all focus on their economic development. Sukhotthai begins the long process of rebuilding. 
  • I started vassalizing Pegu last turn and have been influencing it for three turns prior and you are far away from it.
  • He invaded it. You can't exactly beat that. -Feud
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite do their job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. The merchants that continually travel between Kohm, Aoch and Ava continue to allow for some of the populations of those nations to continue to convert to Islam. Due to trade with China and other Middle Eastern nations, cannon and hand cannon designs become more common, leading most of the landed elite to continue to outfit their levies with cannons and hand cannons. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. An attempt to ride a camel and fire a hand cannon has led to the death of a landed elite due to him being thrown off. This has, however, led to a huge interest in increasing the "handibility" of the hand cannon, by reducing its overall size, but compensating by lengthening it and making the muzzle smaller, thereby increasing the pressure for the missile to escape. (Basically, it's led to an interest to turn a hand cannon into an early Arquebus)
    • Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslim settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom declares himself to be King of Assam, also called Kamarupa in this time since he now controls his grandson's lands which were the Maharaja of Koch.
      • 'Bengali Diplomacy: Needs mod response, please and thank you): Yes for any nations which have previously agreed. Wishing to completely affirm the alliances signed between all of the free Indian states, we send out a formal treaty to be signed by all of the free Indian states that agreed to the alliance (All of them, basically).
      • This was approved last turn. Take a look at it. -Feud
  • Venetian Republic:
    • Books on various topics spread from Venice throughout Europe, beginning the Renaissance. Printed in the Venetian language, they teach of the sciences and humanities and revive learning, spreading knowledge (as well as the language) far and wide.
    • Silly Kun, great Aragon is already into Renaissance because Italy is very into war. Iberia strong! 
    • With the increased supply of Ducats, the fluidity of European trade increases.
    • Many people sentenced to death are drowned in the canals as is the Venetian tradition. The tradition is becoming the primary way to execute criminals and is spreading to the Venetian territories across Europe.
    • Fine wool and silk clothing from Titani is exported across the Mediterranean and Black Sea and begins to set the trend in Renaissance clothing.
    • Venetian trade reaches across the known world. Merchant ships carry salt, silks, glass and a collection of other goods, both common and rare. Venetian traders are the largest carriers of trade in Europe, with the thousands of ships and a trading tradition continuing to fuel this.
    • The Roscol Bank uses local subsidiaries all across Europe to fund trade, with a leaning toward funding trade with Venice. They also fund enterprises across the continent, boosting the economies of the nations which they inhabit. The Roscol Bank invests conservatively. While this doesn't bring in as much wealth as other nations' banking, such as the Dutch, it results in a much more robust level of equity.
    • In Veneto the Ducat continues being minted, spreading the wealth of the Ducat across the various Ducat nations. The "Learned Society of Saint Mark" continues to work on the Carro, which is noticed by a Venetian official, he reports the ship known as the Navebaga to his superior. The Doge proposes a treaty in the negotiations in Adrianople. Hungary continues to boost the economy of Venice and vice versa. The Roscol Bank seeks to expand its official branches, not content with local subsidiaries. The Roscol Bank looks to Austria and Germany for this expansion, as the Dutch have lost their Banking influence across much of the HRE. The Doge decides to further support Venetian culture, he funds conversions to Venetian culture across the Republic and Empire. (Responses to players) Oldenburg trade increases, with luxury products from its ports becoming much desired. With the Kingdom of Georgia accepting the Ducat, Venice is able to further increase trade capacity with them as trade barriers fall. As Aragon pegs their currency to the Ducat, trade becomes easier in Iberia.
    • In Porto Tolle Potensa Antonio suffers a near miss as he is attacked while preaching by a group of Catholics, a large amount of Catholics rise up but are put down by the Pretors. Antonio learns from this, and decides to increase the amount of Pretors.
    • In Istra the Potensa works on further increasing relations with Hungary, sending an envoy to treat with border lords.
    • In Scutari the Scutari guard returns fully, having completed their obligations. Venice decides to cut funding for the guard over a series of years, leading the Potensa to carefully plan the implementation of taxation to fund the guard or disband it.
    • In the Epirote Free Ports the Sarandan trade fleet operates competently in the Adriatic. Titani clothes production continues to increase, furniture production continues to remain stable. The new Superpotensa of Preveza lowers the barriers against non-guild members. However, some express anger still. With the use of Sigilar Collegantia in Saranda and Titani, the Venetian language spreads quickly, particularly to the upper and middle classes.
    • In the Peloponnese the new Potensa of Argos decides to work on inner city infrastructure. Athenian merchants speaking Venetian and requiring documents written in Venetian cause the langusge to be a requirement to be an official of any worth.
    • In Attica the Potensa of Menidi returns having just survived the clash between the Catholics and Negàrseors. Knowing more of the beliefs, he decides to work on converting some of his own people to the True Faith too. Meanwhile, the Venetian language spreads to coastal Attica and the Attican borders of Athens, still in a minority, however.
    • In Morocco the forts build at a fast rate, due to low levels of disruption this year, it is estimated it will take just 13 more years to build all the forts. Immigrants arrive in the cities of Venetian Morocco, further pushing the cities to the Venetian's side. Meanwhile, some Potensas also practise leniency toward the Muslim populace as well as conversion.
    • Eco-turn
  • Epirote Republic: Dragano decides to bring his officials together to plan the integration of Valona. Secretly he sends funds to the Republican faction of merchants and small lords.
    • Mil-turn
  • Venetian Empire:
    • In the Province of Aegina Conte Uberto continues to stem immigration, wanting to preserve the Aeginean culture. He works on building new houses, hiring architects to try to make the designs unique to Aegina. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Athens the court that deals with business disputes is becoming a favourite method of ensuring contracts are followed by local traders, the Superpotensa petitions the Doge to install such a thing in Venice and use the Venetian fleet to enforce Venetian laws across the continent. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Candia the Conte invests in establishing a school after hearing of the "Learned Society of Saint Mark" and invites them to man the school. He hopes to encourage development in seagoing vessels, hoping to come up with the next greatest galley to rule the Med. Inf-turn
    • In the Corfiot Protectorate half the Red Army returns, fresh from conquests in the Aegean. The Governor General, upon hearing of a shelved proposal to fund Protectorates, petitions the Doge to look back into the proposal. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Kaffa a ghetto is built for the Ruthenians, unlike the many other parts of Kaffa the Ruthenian ghetto is not as spacious nor accessable via canals. However, the homes are of high quality and provide comfortable living in comparison to the Ruthenians previous lives. The other 6500 ruthenians left are divided, 1500 of the men are set to the galleys helping to man ten more 150 oar galleys. The last 5000 are sold across the empire. Eco-turn
    • In the Naxian Protectorate the Naxian navy experiments more with vessels with sails as their experiments with using the sails of galleys have proven very fruitful. The Naxian Fleet purchases a cog, to be used for experimentation. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Negroponte the city of Negroponte continues to improve its capacity for processing mined products into goods. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Ragusa the eldest of the Black Guard retire into civic roles in the city, taking up important positions and contributing to the admiration for the Black Guard. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Valona the factions continue fighting. The Battle of the Rock occuring in eastern Valona happens. The pro-Ottoman faction had fortified themselves near a small craggy outcrop, which they used as a watchtower. They were attacked in the night by the Conte's sons supporters killing or routing most of the pro-Ottoman levies, ending their ability to carry out the rivals claim. With external help the Republican faction equips themselves with a large force of mounted mercenaries numbering 500 and ride along the southern Valonan border toward the east. Mil-turn
  • 'Kingdom of Georgia (and allies): Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, Rani, and Amier-Kavkasia' all expand their militaries. (Apologies for the short post; today is a very busy day for me and I wanted to make sure I got something up.)
  • Pskovian Forces, with their newly-established FOB of Turku, now begin to help much in the order of militarily agians the UNC. Pskovian troops, using technology to their advantage, manage to capture the City of Porvoo, and Turku is declared a "Free trade City" and the Zolotnik is declared official currency. Pskovian troops help the Muscovian, Novgorodian, and German troops wherever they may, and Knyaz Artem Leonidovich Zaytsev becomes known as a brilliant tactician after various naval and land battles. The Defenders of Turku manage to hold out until allied troops showed up to lift the siege. The Pskovians are known as fierce fighters throughout Russia, and the Pskovians have much more gold thanks to the Georgians. With the Norse all but defeated, the Pskovians begin to celebrate in some parts of the nation and the plunder they have brought.
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Albert and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1454 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1454, Albert II commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The planned market center in Landshut continues to attract regional traders. In religious news, the country begins converting to the Western Netherlander church. By the end of this year, around 70% of the country adheres to the Western Church in Holland. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Albert II makes efforts to implement Sedevacantist policies in the government. 
    • Munchen: The main campus of Queen Isabell University is completed and the beginning courses include French, Latin, English, and Greek as well as theology, clergy training and mathematics being taught. By 1454, the total class amounts to about 2530 people. Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Munchen as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Straubing as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Ingolstadt as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. 
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. The Catholic clergy of Wurzburg become restless when learning they are now vassals of Grand Duke Albert of Bavaria and his Western Church. However, as Albert begins tolerating the Catholics, the Wurzburg clergy seem to calm down.
  • UNC: The war continues to devastate Northern Europe as the UNC forces in Karelia hold their positions. The powerful Norse Navy engages in multiple naval battles in the Baltic Sea with Prussia. With Hamburg stirring problems near Lubeck, the King orders a detachment of naval ships and foot soldiers to protect this vassal. In the meantime, another fleet is sent for Luneburg. The king orders the ships to "wipe these gnats from the face of Europe". In December, the Battle of Luneberg commences. The UNC navy is able to defeat the tiny, outdated Hamburg navy. By New Year's Eve, the invasion of Luneberg proper has begun. Foot soldiers are en route from the west to take out the city.
  • Cuzco: We continue influencing the Wanka (Turn Three of Four) Economy is builty up, following increased trade with the Ica-Nazca. We propose to continue trading at this rate to the Ica-Nazca. 
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows, increasing our military capabilities in case of war. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. We are producing our new crossbow, and we send the first 50 crossbows to Mecklenburg to test out and the other 250 to test in our nation. The recent classes of Koch ships are being manufactured in Novgorod. The town of St Patriksburg’s population grows a bit more that last year. As the construction of the town improves, the Kremlin finishes, trade becoming more in demand, the town gains slightly. Because of the trade road built with Tver our economy increases. We are still talking about the possible unification of the Rus’ with Muscovy. The Russian language is spreading throughout the nation. After seeing a great success with the private schools in the cities of Novgorod, St Patriksburg, Staraya Russa, and Nizhny Novgorod. We start building another private school in Rostov and Yaroslavl. We complete building private schools in Torzhok and a private school in Staraya Ladoga. In the year 1445, we will annex Rostov and Yaroslavl into Novgorod. We vassalized Tver, and we are looking to annex Rostov, Tver, and Yaroslavl in the far future. We want an non-aggression pact with UNC. We keep fortifying more port cities, cities in the vassal states, and major cities near the invasion. St Patriksburg is fortified, for the foretold future. We still feel we can resolve the issue with the UNC. We don’t look to wage war on them. We ask of the UNC to sign a treaty, to stop the war from going any farther than it has. We feel that it will be a big economic hit on both nations, if it continues. In the best interest of both nations, we believe that the UNC should sign a treaty with us, to prevent any further dispute. As the war goes on, Vasily II says, “that the UNC is acting childish, they launched an attack for no apparent reason. They claim they are worried about us. Worried about what? Koch boats?” We still believe this should end soon. In the best interest once again for the Nations involved in the war, is that we should stop the war.
    • Tver: We complete the construction of the private school in Tver and we start the new one. We upgrade our military after being a vassal of Novgorod. We upgrade our economy because of the trade established between Yaroslavl, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We continue fortifying the state, for any future attacks.
    • Yaroslavl: We complete the construction of the private school in Yaroslavl and we start the new one. We upgrade our military after being a vassal of Novgorod. We upgrade our economy because of the trade established between Tver, Rostov, Muscovy and Novgorod. We continue fortifying the state, for any future attacks.
    • Rostov: We completed the construction of the private school in Rostov and start the new one. We upgrade our military after being a vassal of Novgorod. We upgrade our economy because of the trade established between Tver,Yaroslavl, Muscovy and Novgorod. We continue fortifying the state, for any future attacks.
  • Chiribaya We request trading rights with Cuzco.
    • Cuzco Dip: We accept.
  • Eire: We rejoice when Thomond and later other Irish states lay down arms and join us, and 55 years after King Thomas' fateful dream, Eire becomes fully united, save the city of Dublin, which remains independent and remaining so for the forseeable future. Celebrations occur in towns across Eire, and the King and his entourage tours Eire, with the help of the new road system. We begin expanding roads to newly-acquired regions in Eire, hoping to connect all major towns, and spread new Irish ideals such as Occidentalism (Western Catholicism) and pro-Albionism. After his tour, the King invites all of his new vassals to his court in Tomasdun and brutally slays them, I mean holds a great feast and festival to break old bonds between rulers, and have the King's new vassals befriend him. During the feast, the King divides Ireland into the ancient five provinces. Munster is held by him, Ulster, the King of Ulster, Leinster remains a vassal state under Thomas II, Meath to the King, as he explains that Meath cannot be a province unless it is united, and thus it is administrated under Munster. Connaucht, however, is held by many local chieftains and small states. Not wanting to induce war amongst them, the King appoints a ceremonial ruler but he holds the true power there, and he lets the local chieftains go about their business as long as they act as subjects to the King. The system pleases the vassals, as they retain local power, but have to pay taxes, provide levies, etc. as vassals of King Eamon in the feudal system. As High King of Ireland, Eamon truly rules all of the Isle fully except for Leinster, a vassal state. Stabilization after years of expansion continues, and the navy continues to be built up. Cork and Ballydrogheda undergo a renaissance, as the unification of Ireland allows for the ability to export products from all across the Isle. As such, trade increases. (Inf-turn)
    • ​Leinster: Celebrations go off as the Isle is united. Leinster, however, remains a vassal state, a member of the Confederation of Eire and Albion, but not of Eire proper, and is granted special status in autonomy from Eire. Roads expand in Leinster, tying it fully with the rest of Eire.
  • Ica-Nazca: We continue to vassalize Sican (turn three of four). Our economy booms due to trade with the Cuzco.
    • Chancay (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand our military and send military aid to the capital city.
    • Chimor (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand our territory along the northern border of Wanka by 10 pixels.
    • Ica Nazca dip: We accept the Cuzco's offer of trade and propose that we open a permanent trade route with the Cuzco (and that we make roads to improve trade). 
    • Cuzco Dip: Accepted.
  • Foix: Get a few officers to side with us. The bad thing is our ambassador is captured and killed. France now has blockaded us from them. We send more assassins into Armagnac to kill more government officials that are pro-French.
    • Andorra: We build up our military and economy.
  • Timurid Empire: As we carry on the Islamization of our vassals, we use our new trade routes through the Chagatai Khanate in order to further strengthen the trade routes connecting the East and the West, and continue influencing them. (Year 26 out of 17 + extra years because of different people influencing). Although with the resisted vassalization, the Timurid Empire continues to try to attempt a peaceful vassalization, before making any rash decisions. The paper factories flourish. Draka feels that old age is catching up with him, and calls for Aryan to come back to the capital with his young son. And due to the continuous drought in the WTE, farmers migrate to the rice fields in the Bahmani province. With the continuous feuds between Junayd and Ghiyath Al-din, both Draka and Aryan consider a plan in case of armed conflict. Thus, the military is worked on primarily. 
  • Oyo Empire: With Akitunde slowly dying of age, he abdicates in favor of his son, Olorun, who is declared the Alaafin of Oyo. Having watched his father's actions his whole life, and hearing tales of the great adventures and actions of his grandfather, Olorun decides to take a tougher approach toward his opponents, and more vigoriously pursue European technologies, going so far as to pass a law known as the Five Charter Oath, in which Oyo shall push vigoriously to advanced technologies even if it comes at the cost of their economy, as Oyo cannot be left behind in a moving world. A secret doctrine is adopted by the inner circle of the Alaafin to wipe out rival cultures demographically, and crush them culturally and economically. Elsewhere, the Oyo increase their grip over the Benin vassal, slowly outbreeding the local population and instituting laws that the Benin haven't noticed. The Oyo vessel sent off to Angola returns full of goods and diplomats from the Kongo Kingdom. Pleased with the success of the ship, the Alaafin of Oyo orders the construction of more yanyan vessels, the new class for the ship they are to build. With more than fifty years of seafaring under their belt, the Oyo feel confident enough to begin producing larger vessels using the information they gained from previous attempts to sail. With the information of sailing down, the University of Oyo-Ile steps in to assist with the fast-tracking of shipbuilding in Oyo, especially with most of the nation's resources thrown behind the effort. With the vast resources of Oyo behind the effort and the brighest minds and builders of the nation working on the project, Oyo plans to produce a large fleet of yanyan vessels for the new Imperial Oyo Navy, especially with the potential power of having a fleet, as demostrated by the Castillians, has been shown. Pulling the entirety of Oyo's already existing infrastructure, technological base, knowledge of the seas, and its vast educated population, Oyo plans to be a seafaring power in the next thirty to forty years, noting that the schools of navigators established in Lagos have already been turning out trained navigators and sailors since the reign of Alaafin Oranyan fifty years ago.
  • County of Oldenburg: We continue surreptitiously supporting Hamburg. The economy continues to experience growth thanks to trade with Venice. The whaling fleet does the so-called "Triangle Route": Oldenburg to Neu Baltrum to Dietrichdorf, Greenland and then home to Oldenburg. The whaling fleet then offloads its products onto the docks, and re-loads most of it onto other OHG ships bound for Venice. The trade is making a tidy profit for the OHG, and the taxes are making a tidy sum for the government. A small part of thos taxes are re-invested into the Crown Colony of Neu Baltrum. This year, a priest from Osnabruck is dispatched to the island colony and builds a small chapel for the inhabitants. He is provisioned with a year's supply of Holy Communion. The ten soldiers who were landed last year are rotated, and ten new soldiers take their place in the "fort". As there is nary an enemy in sight, the soldiers' main job is farming. Turnips and parsnips are becoming the favoured crop on Neu Baltrum.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The Bishop is extremely thrilled that he is able to send a priest to Neu Baltrum. In domestic issues, the Bishpo starts tightening the Church's control over temporal affairs. Not content with Priests ahving oversight over the running of their parishes, the Bishop starts taking away the rights of some towns. His goal is that the administrative and judicial running of parishes will eventually be wholly in the hands of priests and their appointed advisors (and one token elected person: a Reeve). 
  • The Kingdom of England (member state of the Kingdoms of Greater Albion): English military and navy are expanded with many new war cogs being added to the English fleets. The North Sea trade is almost completely dominated by the North Sea Trading Alliance (Holland and Albion, mostly). Nordic and English culture continues to blend, with stories of the mythical Norse gods becoming popular reading among the wealthy segments of the population. Scotland continues to integrate the government fully with that of England and of Albion in full. Work with the Celts continue in Scotland and Ireland working to bring the two cultures closer together. Albion sends more explorers to Africa, particularly in the OTL regions of Sierra Leone and the Ivory Coast. Edmund Trading Port in OTL Sierra Leone continues to see expansive trade and is renamed Edmundburgh. Due to the damage to the palaces, King Edmund elects to move the seat of Albion temporarily to York while the repairs to central London continues. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. New and larger, more powerful ships are built as well as the Albionic equivalent to the Norse Karak, but with more guns and a slightly larger masthead. English explorers begin to map the coast of Africa for the King, making it down the coast near OTL Gabon. James Severus' famous book, The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past becomes a popular read across the Isles and is shipped abroad with trade merchants, spreading Anglo-Celt culture far and wide. Hearing of the instability in Morocco through traders and through government channel, a small English fleet is detached with an army to be used at the will of Castile and Morocco to help defend the territory. The Albion foreign minister states it is because of religous conviction as well as a concern of instability in the region, that these troops are offered. After decades of construction, the navy now hovers at more than 140 ships from England (Wales and England) alone, with the combined fleets of all of Albion the number is closer to 200, a feat that would not have been possible without the wisdom of the Admiralty. The hope is by the end of the next few decades the fleet size will double. The navy has always been, and will continue to be, a priority of His Majesty's crown government. (Yes, I know, historically England did not have a large navy 'til the mid 1500s, but this timeline has diverged much from the OTL, and with the combined naval forces of all of Albion, this number and slightly higher is possible. It is possible in large part, due to the domination of English merchants working in concert with Holland to establish a trade hegmony, which can not be done with no ships.)
    • Dublin: After the years of upgrading, Dublin becomes a shining jewel in the Eire. Dublin founds the Bank of Eire as an offshoot of the Bank of England. The Bank of England sees modernization. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past become a popular read in Dublin, one of the most important trading ports in Eire. 
    • Wales: The Welsh military and navy are expanded. The Welsh begin to see the fruits of all the English banking investments as large areas of the nation see improvements in infrastructure. Representation in the Albion Parliament increases as a minor population boom in and around Cardiff begins. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North.
    • Copy-posting for Andrew.Callumthered (talk) 23:08, March 27, 2014 (UTC)
  • TIbet: TIbet continues to send gifts to Bengal via the Royal Tibetan Trading Company.  Military is expanded.
    • Chutiya: Military is expanded.
    • Taungoo: Taungoo expands its defenses. Taungoo profits from trade throughout Tibet and its vassals. 
  • Zapotec: Emperor Tlaco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan continues expanding into the surrounding city-states along the northern Zapotec border.
  • Copy posting for Cour The Wings of Freedom #FP Wings of freedom 2 (Talk to Me)
  • Hungary and all its vassals and puppet states expand militarily and economically. Poland expands its armed forces too, increasing the strength of it troops by focusing on the training of more knights to fight for the nation. Sigismund orders all of his forces to stop the attacks as peace is to be made with the Ottomans.
  • Cahokia: Concerned more with the future of his patients than the future of the nation, Monchacho continues his work making significant progress in the medicine field. He is not ignorant though. Still working out of his father's clinic, Monchacho is trying to push the opening of the new medical school (still slated for 1458) in order to secure as much government funding as possible before anything happens that could divert Rektaw's attentinon from the school. The waste water management project (WWMP) continues work and is slated for completion in 1470. Fishing continues to be the main industry in the northern regions. Troubled by the lack of influence he has on his vassal states, Rektaw the Proud gathers his closest officials loyal to him and implants them into the governments of Moundville, Etowah, and Parkin with an emphasis on Parkin in order to ensure the control of the nation's military center. These loyalists' goal is to shift the thinking of the elite more toward unity than autonomy. Rektaw emphasizes the extreme prejudice at which these agents must work: they must be effective but quiet. While it is not out of the ordinary for Cahokia to send new officials out to the vassal governments, Rektaw is taking no chances.
    • Moundville (Vassal of Cahokia): The military base established on the southern outer border is improved and grows in size. Now a serious issue within Moundville, the elite struggle to come to a compromise due to the inherrent divide between each of them. About half of the elite are older men nostalgic of the old days when the empire controlled OTL Florida and are more loyal to Cahokia. The other half are the younger, more ambitous leaders who, while somewhat loyal to Cahkoia, want to see Moundville expand farther south down the coast independently. Talk of splitting the vassal in two and attracts the positive attention of both sides. Both sides agree that if they don't have to work directly with the other, central Cahokian influence wouldn't be an issue because each side would be autonomous from the other. Agreements are made and the two sides agree to set to work to figure out a fair dividing line. They expect the split to occur within the next year.
    • Etowah (Vassal of Cahokia): The Etowan elite too are split, except in this vassal, they are divided purely between the amount of central Cahokian government influence in the vassal. the anti-Cahokian sentiment is not as rampant as it is in Moundville, but it is definitely present. These independent ideas come from the frequent arguments between Cahokian and Etowan engineers and politicians about disagreements with the designs and purposes of the new fortress city, Appawa, a now growing focus in Etowah. Cahokian officials would like to see the city design focussed on defense and military, making extra room for housing troops. Etowan officials would like to see the city design focussed more for defense and housing, making extra room for housing civilians for the growing economy. Negotiations are made and Cahokian engineers and officials (at the request of Rektaw himself) agree to back off and let the Etowans design the city as they see fit, but agree to assist the Cahokians in a future project establishing a military base in Etowah.
    • Parkin (Vassal of Cahokia): Slow progress is made in the domestication of the buffalo, but the strength and size of the beast and the fresh taste of its meat attracts more Nac regiments and training is expedited. The mobile nature of the buffalo are a good match for the Nac, improving tracking and mobility skills. Civilian outposts prove themselves to be relatively useless due to the nomadic nature of the animal. What few outposts that have been established are abandoned. Military commanders in central Parkin have little difficulty following orders as the Cahokian government allows such liberty to the Nac regiments. The relatively huge amount of funding the military has received over the past several years has created friendly relations between
      Cahokian and Parkinian officials.
    • The Jochid Ulus continues its war, pushing back the Muscovites out of the border in Ruthenia. The nation is now mostly under peace, and except for the borders, it's safe from foreign invasion. The small revolt by the very small Russian minority in Perm is easily crushed by some relief ulus on their way to the frontline. The Russian minority, numbering about 1500, is destroyed; it is decimated, with 10% of it being killed; the 650 remaining males are sold as slaves, while the 650 females are sent into Ulus territory to serve as wives and concubines of the nobility. The economy in the nation once again begins to experience growth as the war begins to die down. Trade expands with all but the Russians. The Ruthenians are once again either moved eastward or sold as slaves. Another 1000 are killed as well.
      • Great Perm's government and the great majority of its population help crush the revolt, given that it was created by a very tiny minority, and the fact that the Jochid taxation actually made the nation richer.
    • Roman Empire: To avoid confusion, I shall only post what I have conclusivly from what was previously agreed. The Roman military continues to crack down on Turkish ghazis and bandits in its newly recaptured territories. With Thessalonica and Adrianople back under its control, the Empire begins to build roads to connect these cities together with nearby cities and regional capitals, increasing infrastructure. The capital of the Despotate of Thrace is officially moved from Constantinople back to Adrianople. Studying the Dutch matchlock weapons continues. A new population estimate of the Empire suggests that the Empire gained anywhere from 200,000 to 400,000 people from the territorial acquisitions. Such new taxpayers and the resumption of normal trade rates allows the Empire to collect a sizable amount of funds this year, but the Empire's economy is still in a worrisome state. To further integrate his country with the political structure of Western Europe, John VIII proposes that his son Michael marry Marie d'Alois of France.
      • Albania: Skanderbeg continues to oversee the creation of his country, a free and independent Albania. The main castle in Kukes along with some smaller fortifications continue to be built, expanding infrastructure. A national military continues to be trained. More Albanians immigrate to the country to be part of an independent Albania.
    • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. We upgrade economy and military, as do our vassals.
    • Netherlands: Karl I and the States-Generals agree to Oldenburg's offer and the anti-Netherlands Germans are granted safe passage across the border while about 20,000 decide to accept their lot and recognize their new status as subjects to a Dutch crown. Economic reforms continue, as the economy starts to pick up as its foundations grow stronger. The artistic and scientific community of the Netherlands begins to recover its prewar place in Europe as more and more prominent notables are sponsored by the Court in Brussels. The Amsterdam grows in importance for trade and business as the North Sea Trade League grows and as the Bank of Holland begins to recover its prewar stability and reputation. The expedition sent to Africa returns with little success of establishing a trading post. However, they made progress pushing farther along the coast and returned with more ivory and other goods. Another expedition organized by the Merchant guild is organized for 1455. Military restructuring begins along the lessons learned from the war. The Gulden continues to grow in circulation.
  • Aragon continues to build up its navy, economy and infrastructure. Meanwhile, the nobility continues to be patrons of the arts - unlike the nobles in most of the other uncultured nations of Europe. Furthermore, Aragon's trade prowess increases as does its expanse of knowledge. With the shift to the Consuete now finalized, the age of free thinking continues and new scientific discoveries are made. Aragon continues to seek trade agreements with the Dutch who can not even see their own name in boldface. Furthermore, Aragon continues to fortify its two ports on the Navarrese coast. Aragon sends diplomats to France to see if Aragon could purchase a few Atlantic ports or rent them at great cost due to Aragon's wealth. Art and science continue to flourish as they have for the last fifteen years and ideas continue to be brought back from far off lands. The Renaissance started in Aragon roughly five years ago.

1455

A famine strikes Ukraine, thousands perish.

The Aymarans are pushed out of Lake Titicaca by the Kingdom of Cuzco. An outpost on the ocean is established for the Cuzcans.

The ruler of the Timurids dies, causing a war of succession among several claimants. A Muslim, Central Asian ruler named Muhammad Babur secures the city of Kabul, establishing the city as his capital, ruling over much of the eastern empire. The Heir Apparent Aryan is killed when it is learned his father has died making the chaos much worse than originally predicted.

Ah, was about time, heh. But I think the event should also state what happens to Aryan, Draka's son. I suggest he should be somehow killed, since he is (or better, was) heir apparent to the Timurid throne and has a living male descendant who is also heir to the Marwar throne through his mother. -Sky

After a few short decisive battles, Persia is invaded by the Shi'ite Safavid dynasty, who march across the western empire and establish themselves as ruler in several cities. The Timurid Empire effectively collapses, leaving in its place several warring factions.

Now, I'm fully supporting this event, that's why I want to add that the Safavids were already semi-autonomous controllers of a large Persian province, while they should also be fighting Ghiyath-Al Din (Hazaradspids, which is a Kurdish dynasty) who controlls  lands north of Persia. -Sky

The Aztec bribes of Soconusco is relatively accepted but some discontent still reign in that area as well as areas in the north with some of the various peoples which were annexed showing greater hostility toward the Aztecs due to that fact they are ethnically different (from now on due to complaints, I will be handling the events dealing with Central America). -Feud

Tibet, over-extended over the Himalayan foothills into the newly annexed Shan States faces a mix of increasingly pro-independence Shan rulers and also timid statesmen from parts of Burma that seek protection from the Muslim Bengal. Several chiefs have rallied numbers to their causes but Tibet has hope if they play the chiefs off against one another.

I have vassalized most of the Burmese states minus Pegu and Lanna Flag of Tibet Jbwncster (Talk) RustySilverGear

Turkish Ghazis in Macedonia and Thrace become a significant obstacle to Roman attempts to establish order. Local bandits team up with them at times to obtain loot from Roman settlements.

In Hesse, Reformists are losing momentum in the North, Ludwigism is expanding in the central regions, and the Western Church is confined to the western regions, while Catholicism remains prominent in other regions.


  • Aztec Empire: Emperor Montezuma II[35] seeing people under the control of his reign begin to become restless and rebellious, becomes weary. He had envisioned a unified empire, where are the small warring states of Mexico were under one rule, whether it be Aztec or someone else. With the ethnic uprisings in Zacatollan, where the main revolt is taking place, many native Aztec people move to Atotonilco to be accustomed to a more Aztec centered area. In the northwestern part of the empire, Zacatollan is hostile. Montezuma II, orders his nephew, Cuachtemoc [25] to lead a military mission, to put all whom rebel in chains. As they will be sacrificed to the one now powerful god. One god that is stronger than the rest. The Sun God. Emperor Montezuma II is through with the people in the empire rebelling, as they seem to see the empire as a weak one. Emperor Montezuma II plans to show them that this is not the case, and that the newly formed regiment of the Coyote Warriors will be used to threaten and imitate anyone who wants to leave the empire. As Emperor Montezuma II gains support from the previous vassals, now areas within the nation, they gather around the imperial state somewhat in fear, and somewhat in respect. The capital and military fortress: Xilopolco, becomes occupied by the heavily armored, but slow Coyote warriors. They are reinforcibly armed with iron chain/scale male. They are given long bladed axes and swords, with a large shield bearing the Aztec flag. Cuachtemoc oversees the military entrance. Over 12,000 people in Zacatollan are collected. The rest mainly being Aztec natives, or people whom have sworn loyalty to the Aztecs are joyous the rebels are gone. The people are planned to be sacrificed. The infrastructure is expanded with roads now being common sights throughout the empire. Economy is expanded with large amounts of farms and fishing ships[384] being built. The navy is expanded [192]. The population grows to 3.8 million now beginning to recover from the 400,000 lost to the drought. The Jaguar Warriors undergo even more strenuous training to better their use, as professionl soldiers. Emperor Montezuma II now issues everyone under the empire, at the age of 14, to swear an oath to the empire, and the imperial state of Tenochtitlan. Military is expanded with Eagle warriors now moving north from the area of Atotonilco, and discovering and entering southern parts of Western Moundville.
    • Aztec Empire diplomacy: Now making a formal relation with the Cahokian people. We ask only the new and young ambitious leaders of Western Moundville, and not Rektaw the Proud for trade rights. This transaction is made between a translator who is an Aztec that was forced to Cahokia peoples at the young age of nine.
    • Pretty good but the revolting guys are essentially gonna be about a persisntant problem like the Native Americans were to the US. 
  • Ica-Nazca: We complete the vassalization of Sican (Four of Four turns). We improve our infrastructure, building roads to the Cuzco border to improve trade.
    • Chancay (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We improve our military and send military support to the capital city.
    • Chimor (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand 10 pixels to the west.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite do their job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. The merchants that continually travel between Kohm, Aoch and Ava continue to allow for some of the populations of those nations to continue to convert to Islam. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. Work continues on improving the hand cannon design. The Sultan begins to send forth state-sponsored traders into Ava and the former lands of Arakan, with tales of success for Islamic farmers and traders that overshadows anything done by Hindu or Buddhist farmers or traders. Due to the continued Islamization of the former lands of Arakan and the Kingdom of Ava, the Sultan sends forth many envoys to convince local leaders to convert to Islam in areas where Islam now has a majority, such as major trading cities. Several military exercises are conducted by the Sultan in order to effectively understand different battle strategies, leading him to decide to keep the bow as an integral part of his armies, alongside cannons and hand cannons.
    • Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslims settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom declares himself to be King of Assam, also called Kamarupa in this time since he now controls his grandson's lands which were the Maharaja of Koch.
      • Bengali Diplomacy: (Needs mod response, please and thank you): The Sultan of Bengal sends forth envoys to all the nations in agreement to the Treaty of Pandua (All free Indian states), asking their opinion upon the recent Timurid downfall and several Indian lands being held by Timurid claimants, emphasizing that India is no place for foreigners to rule. 
    • Mashriqi Diplomacy: With the recent collapse of the Timurid Empire, the Grand Sultan recognizes that the Bengali Sultan is the most powerful Muslim of the East. He offers an alliance, and asks if the Bengali would be open to Assafi'ism, our new calendar, and/or helping with the Latin Arabic script.
    • Bengali Diplomacy: The Sultan of Bengal thanks the Mashriqi Sultan for his kind words. He accepts the alliance offer and opens up his ports to Mashriqi ships, hoping to appeal to his newfound ally by allowing the religion into Bengal, as well as sending several advisors to understand the new calendar and the new Latin Arabic script.
  • France: Military and economy are built up. While this, the Navy expands. Brittany officially enters the French influence sphere. In Armagnac a few officers loyal to France give up on rebels siding with the recently known Foix threat. The ambassador of Foix is captured and the alleged secret agent is decapitated. A blockade begins to be exerted at Foix. Aragon (my bad) and Castile are asked to follow the same actions.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Brittany: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up.
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up.
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up.
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. 
    • It is possible for me (and anyone to discover this if their vassal is brand new or has been well treated for a long period of time) as I never claimed I captured the secret agent (hence alleged) and please, we all know Foix is the only threat possible in the region, that and Aragon, but my capturing Aragon's diplomats in here would be an uneeded war. LOL, probably not going to do anything but scare him off, LOL. Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk) 05:07, March 28, 2014 (UTC)
  • UNC: The Battle of Luneburg is chalked up as a UNC victory. The UNC occupies the city, preventing Hamburg from making shipments across the seas. In the meantime, the UNC continues to protect its trade routes, ensuring that cargo is not destroyed as it travels from Sweden to Denmark and vice-versa. The UNC starts feeling the burn of the war. However; the war-weary nation drafts the Treaty of St Patriksburg.
  • Portugal continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers start to follow the Castilian example and start to explore the African coast. São Miguel and Santa Maria continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the colony of Açores expands 600 sq km into the two recently-discovered islands, with settling starting there.
  • The Grand Sultanate of the Mashriq, after the stunning victory over the Ottoman Turks, signs the Treaty of Adrianople, which grants large amounts of land to the Sultanate. Ahmed-ad-Din Yusuf works to integrate the new, largely Turkish, regions, and begins by spreading Assafi Islam and reutilizing the Arabic language. The حديقة قصر, or Hadeekah Palace, is opened on Gezira Island of Cairo with Ahmed-ad-Din Yusuf opening ceremonies. National pride is at a generation-high, after a successful war and internal improvements have continued. The Sultanate expands 2500 sq km underneath Cyrenaica. The new Assafi calendar is generally recognized by all of the Mashriqi states by now, and begins to be exported to al-Sumal and al-Swahili, as well as Muslim states in India and the Indies. The first Mashriqi Census is held, and the population of the Sultanate and all vassals (notably excluding Seljuqiya or other recent gains) shows that the national population is at 13,542,040. STEC consolidates its trade grasp over Malagasy and the Swahili states, and sends supplies to Sanafah, which expands by 2500 sq km. Missionary efforts on Malagasy continue as well. The IAFATM continues its trade with Aceh, and expands its trade to some other Indies islands, which brings even more spices to Europe, filling Mashriqi coffers. Education at all universities (Alexandria, Damascus and Baghdad) continues and an endeavor to create a Latin-based Arabic script to replace traditional calligraphy in trade begins, led by professors from all three schools. Trade with Oman and Yemen continues, as well as influence in Al-Sumal. Iritriya ​expands 2500 sq km, under Ethiopia. The Sultanate of Tunisia grows 5000 sq km under Cyrenaica to connect with the Mashriq. Influence over Gafsa and Zab continues. In Tunisia, most Christian influence is naturally supplanted by the influx of Assafi conversion. All Burji states grow their economies. With the collapse of the Timurid Empire, the Grand Sultan is reluctant to recognize the Safavid Dynastic, but extends a cordial arm at the years end. The military is stationed along the eastern border to prevent spill-over violence.
    • Tekke, which is enlargened, becomes the new largest state in Anatolia and trades with Karaman to improve relations. Ramazan gains lands from the former Ottoman State, and it begins to assimilate to the culture of Adana, which is mixed Arab and Turkish influences. Seljuqiya (Mardin, Dulkadir, Erzincan, and the Black Sheep) undergoes a process of rebuilding and increasing infrastructure, since the mountainous region is quite under-developed.
    • Don't assume and decide you are getting things when you aren't.
    • Tekke is either under Roman (Byzantine) Empire's control - or it is under the control of Castile.
    • As said from before, a vassal cannot expand 5000 sq km. Main nations can. But a vassal can only expand 2500, max. If they are in the most stable and strong positions.
    • Crossed out your crazy expansion of the vassals ... also, your expansion under Cyrenaica is implausible ... they have no reason to do this and the area you're expanding into is all desert. The map will not be updated with those change when you're expanding into implausible areas for absolutely no reason. -Feud
    • Umm ... have you ever heard the term "contiguous". It is pretty much a requirement for integration, which is an ultimate goal of our Grand Sultan. So, the only reason they are expanding is to connect the two states geographically. This is a legitimate purpose, since, as you pointed out, we are a historically land-based people and sea-contact could be disrupted by a major war. Pink Floyd Hammer Flag - The Wall I'd rather be a hammer than a nail...
  • County of Oldenburg: The military is expanded and improved. Forts on the Frisian Isles are generally improved and repairs are made. One more small sloope is built for the navy, bringing total ships to six or seven. The OHG continues whaling and trading as per normal. The troops on Neu Baltrum are rotated again, with one soldier, a single man, opting to remain for good. He is joined by his wife, and the couple build a small house and purchase a small boat from the whalers, which the couple use for fishing. The Priest is happy with his small stone chapel and with his church attendance. 100% of Waldorfers attend his masses, and the majority of the family that lives out-of-town manages to attend at least once a month.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The ever-busy Bishop continues in his "further theocracy-ification" of his domain. More and more town councils are abolished and replaced with the parish priest and his appointed assistants. As those appointed assistants tend to be the former councillors, there is little issue. Some intellectuals see the Bishop's actions as undermining the rights of Burgers and Freemen, and they start complaining. Some even present a letter to Count Dietrich, but their overlord refuses to interfere in the internal workings of his vassal unless he is asked to by the Bishop. 
  • The Kingdom of England (member state of the Kingdoms of Greater Albion): English military and navy are expanded with many new war cogs being added to the English fleets. The North Sea trade is almost completely dominated by the North Sea Trading Alliance (Holland and Albion, mostly). Nordic and English culture continues to blend, with stories of the mythical Norse gods becoming popular reading among the wealthy segments of the population. Scotland continues to integrate the government fully with that of England and of Albion in full. Work with the Celts continue in Scotland and Ireland working to bring the two cultures closer together. Albion sends more explorers to Africa, particularly in the OTL regions of Sierra Leone and the Ivory Coast. Edmund Trading Port in OTL Sierra Leone continues to see expansive trade and is renamed Edmundburgh. Due to the damage to the palaces, King Edmund elects to move the seat of Albion temporarily to York while the repairs to central London continues. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. New and larger, more powerful ships are built as well as the Albionic equivalent to the Norse Karak, but with more guns and a slightly larger masthead. English explorers begin to map the coast of Africa for the King, making it down the coast near OTL Gabon. James Severus' famous book, The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past becomes a popular read across the Isles and is shipped abroad with trade merchants, spreading Anglo-Celt culture far and wide. Hearing of the instability in Morocco through traders and through government channels, a small English fleet is detached with an army to be used at the will of Castile and Morocco to help defend the territory. The Albion foreign minister states it is because of religous conviction as well as a concern of instability in the region, that these troops are offered. After decades of construction, the navy now hovers at more than 140 ships from England (Wales and England) alone, with the combined fleets of all of Albion the number is closer to 200, a feat that would not have been possible without the wisdom of the Admiralty. The hope is by the end of the next few decades the fleet size will double. The navy has always been, and will continue to be, a priority of His Majesty's crown government. (Yes, I know, historically England did not have a large navy 'til the mid 1500s, but this timeline has diverged much from the OTL, and with the combined naval forces of all of Albion, this number and slightly higher is possible. It is possible in large part, due to the domination of English merchants working in concert with Holland to establish a trade hegmony, which can not be done with no ships.)
    • Dublin: After the years of upgrading, Dublin becomes a shining jewel in the Eire. Dublin founds the Bank of Eire as an offshoot of the Bank of England. The Bank of England sees modernization. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past become a popular read in Dublin, one of the most important trading ports in Eire. 
    • Wales: The Welsh military and navy are expanded. The Welsh begin to see the fruits of all the English banking investments as large areas of the nation see improvements in infrastructure. Representation in the Albion Parliament increases as a minor population boom in and around Cardiff begins. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North.
    • Copy-posting for Andrew. Callumthered (talk) 11:01, March 28, 2014 (UTC)
  • '​Cuzco:' We finish the influencing of the Wanka, bringing them under our control. Military is built up. Cuzco purposes to the Ica-Nazca to bring Chiribaya and Wanka into our trading alliance if approved by Chiribaya.
    • Wanka (Vassal of Cuzco): Military is built up. We accept Cuzco's offer to join the trading alliance.
  • Ica-Nazca Dip: We agree to allow the Chiribaya and Wanka into our trading alliance.
  • Chiribaya Dip: We have accepted Cuzco's offer to join the trading alliance.
  • Koryak Confederacy: The Koryak Confederacy expands 2500 km west into Siberia. A pro-Koryak chief takes power in Yakutia, which they begin influencing. With Buddhism and animism still in conflcit, the new religion of Qamism surges in popularity as the Council adopts it as a way of ending strife. Counterweight trebuchets and other siege equipment are constructed. Nomadic tribes in Central and South Siberia are offered weapons and trade concessions in return for conducting destabilizing raids against the Jurchens. Mod Response Needed​.
  • Chukchis: Expand 2500 km east. 
  • Andorra: We build up our military and economy.
    • Foix: Get a few officers to side with us. The bad thing is our ambassador is captured and killed. France now has blockaded us from them. We send more assassins into Armagnac to kill more government officials that are pro-French. Our military sends a special ops troops trained to work at night to cause terror in Armagnac by killing civilians, troops and pro-French officials. They also burn down all of the local businesses, military bases and churches to send fear into the state.
  • Mayan Empire: We continue to rebuild from the Mayan wars, and begin building up a regular army. Naval expassion continues, and we begin fishing again. Meanwhile, the Emperor asks the Aztec Empire to trade certain minerals to the Mayans. We try to build mines in some places.
    • Aztec Empire diplomacy: Would you specify what minerals you require exactly, as the Aztecs are not very close to the Mayans, and would like you to know what compensation will be given in return, for whatever minerals you require, if even we can supply your funds.
    • Mayan Empire Dip: We are in need of iron and obsidian, and will accept a reasonable price set by the Aztecs.
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of it. We buy more books from China.  We begin building up our military and increasing military development. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We develop our own writing which is a form of Chinese script similar to Japanese Kanji. We have reached a population of 800,000 in the chieftain's clan, while the entire population has not been calculated yet.
  • Oirats D to Golden Horde and China  We hope to launch an expedition on Chagatai and Timurid Empire as they have collapsed. China can get a passage to the West and Golden horde can annex the influenced areas of Chagatai. We hope to split it like this. 
    Screen Shot 2014-03-28 at 下午8.07.39

    The split of Chagatai and attack in Timurid Empire

  • Venetian Republic:
    • Books on various topics spread from Venice throughout Europe, continuing the Renaissance. Printed in the Venetian language, they teach of the sciences and humanities and revive learning, spreading knowledge (as well as the language) far and wide. Further, Venetians look down upon the Aragonese who pathetically only entered the renaissance a few years ago, whereas the Venetians have been in it for almost fifteen years now. (see last turn for why this is here).
    • With the increased supply of Ducats, the fluidity of European trade increases.
    • Many people sentenced to death are drowned in the canals as is the Venetian tradition. The tradition is becoming the primary way to execute criminals and is spreading to the Venetian territories across Europe.
    • Fine wool and silk clothing from Titani is exported across the Mediterranean and Black Sea and begins to set the trend in Renaissance clothing.
    • The Roscol Bank uses local subsidiaries all across Europe to fund trade, with a leaning toward funding trade with Venice. They also fund enterprises across the continent, boosting the economies of the nations which they inhabit. The Roscol Bank invests conservatively. While this doesn't bring in as much wealth as other nations' banking, such as the Dutch, it results in a much more robust level of equity.
    • In Veneto the Ducat continues being minted, spreading the wealth of the Ducat across the various Ducat nations. The Carro is investigated by a group of officials including the Admiral of the Venetian fleet, he is impressed but notes it looks more complex than current vessels. The Doge proposes a treaty in the negotiations in Adrianople. Hungary continues to boost the economy of Venice and vice versa. The Roscol Bank seeks to expand its official branches, not content with local subsidiaries. The Roscol Bank looks to Austria and Germany for this expansion, as the Dutch have lost their Banking influence across much of the HRE. The Doge decides to further support Venetian culture, he funds conversions to Venetian culture across the Republic and Empire.
    • In Porto Tolle Potensa Antonio dies of age. Before he dies he names the Negàrseor preacher, Guido Bon, as his successor. Guido quickly becomes the new Potensa.
    • In Istra the Potensa works on further increasing relations with Hungary, sending an envoy to treat with border lords.
    • In Scutari the Potensa disbands 200 of the guard. The remaining 800 are at odds, with only around 200 of them considered to be hardcore loyalists and the rest somewhere between that and those concerned for their purse.
    • In Epirote Free Ports the Sarandan trade fleet operates competently in the Adriatic. Titani clothes production continues to increase, furniture production continues to remain stable. The new Superpotensa of Preveza lowers the barriers against non-guild members. However, some express anger still. With the use of Sigilar Collegantia in Saranda and Titani, the Venetian language spreads quickly, particularly to the upper and middle classes.
    • In the Peloponnese the Potensa of Argos decides to work on inner city infrastructure. Athenian merchants speaking Venetian and requiring documents written in Venetian cause the language to be a requirement to be an official of any worth.
    • In Attica the Potensa of Menidi continues to spread the True Faith preaching the gospel of Siant Mark.
    • In Morocco the forts build at a normal rate, it is estimated it will take just 12 more years to build all the forts. Immigrants arrive in the cities of Venetian Morocco, further pushing the cities to the Venetian's side. Meanwhile, some Potensas also practise leniency toward the Muslim populace as well as conversion.
    • Eco-turn
  • Epirote Republic: Dragano decides to bring his officials together to plan the integration of Valona. Secretly he sends funds to the Republican faction of merchants and small lords.
    • Mil-turn
  • Venetian Empire:
    • In the Province of Aegina Conte Uberto continues to stem immigration, wanting to preserve the Aeginean culture. He works on building new houses, hiring architects to try to make the designs unique to Aegina. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Athens the court that deals with business disputes is becoming a favourite method of ensuring contracts are followed by local traders, the Superpotensa petitions the Doge to install such a thing in Venice and use the Venetian fleet to enforce Venetian laws across the continent. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Candia the Conte invests in establishing a school after hearing of the "Learned Society of Saint Mark" and invites them to man the school. He hopes to encourage development in seagoing vessels, hoping to come up with the next greatest galley to rule the Med. Inf-turn
    • In the Corfiot Protectorate the Red Army returns. The Governor General, upon hearing of a shelved proposal to fund Protectorates, petitions the Doge to look back into the proposal. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Kaffa a ghetto is built for the Ruthenians, unlike the many other parts of Kaffa the Ruthenian ghetto is not as spacious nor accessable via canals. However, the homes are of high quality and provide comfortable living in comparison to the Ruthenians previous lives. Eco-turn
    • In the Naxian Protectorate the Naxian navy experiments more with vessels with sails as their experiments with using the sails of galleys have proven very fruitful. The Governor General hears of a vessel called a Navebaga, he sends an officer of his fleet to investigate. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Negroponte the city of Negroponte continues to improve its capacity for processing mined products into goods. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Ragusa the eldest of the Black Guard retire into civic roles in the city, taking up important positions and contributing to the admiration for the Black Guard. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Valona the factions continue fighting. The two remaining factions meet as the Republicans ambush the Royalists in a forest, the 400 light riders sweep in from the sides, the royal troops form lines to meet them, then the heavy republican cavalry charges the flank. The charge breaks the force and kills the Conte's son. The Republicans move to suppress the survivors from raising new forces. Mil-turn
  • Castile: The Castilian economy continues a larger process of pulling in more money through trade. The Castilians begin to send missionaries into Morocco in hopes of converting populations. The infrastructure of Castile is also expanded more. Castile, in order to facilitate more conversions to Christianity, imposes higher taxes on non-Christians in the areas it controls personally or by proxy through its vassals. Castile has successfully mapped large parts of the African coast south of Morocco and down as far as their settlements in Capo Verde. The developing class in Castile of skilled artisans, merchants, blacksmiths and the like has led to a large increase in productivity of the country with even a few researchers managing to work on new designs - including a more efficient hand cannon which gets its own dedicated corps in the developing Royal army of Castile. The Castilian nobility begins to adapt toward a newer system to revamp or work on their power as they move toward becoming advisors to the king and less involved in their feudal estates which while growing have developed Guilds to facilitate payments for the efforts of the men working, The expert worksmanship of many of these men has seen notable increase in productivity for each feudal state with most lords not complaining. The Kingdom's cities begin to be improved with somewhat better sanitation and the King hires architects to plan out a sewer system, as well as a true plan for multiple major cities. Castile begins a major process of researching the arquebus acquired and develops its own version which is used to replace the hand cannons which is finally finished. The Castilian navy, using the Canaries as a base, continually explore the area and discover a new island chain, the closest island is able to be settled and a small settlement springs up on the islands and is built up and styled as a resupply base. Capo Verde now fully settled is continually built up to accommodate Castile's military, navy and exploratory fleets The construction of a new kind of warship with cannons is completed - a heavy warship much more powerful than most other ships of the time. The King notices the heavily increased productivity and income flow due to his hands off policy and non-interference and begins to allow artists, minstrels and other artistic and scientific minds to become more prevalent in Castile, many believe the Castilian Renaissance is imminent. Castile, due to its naval range, high income, extensive and dominant trade network, becomes one of the largest and most dynamic trade empires of the Atlantic and Western Mediterranean. The Castilian navy with its new heavy warships and some new updated designs for older ships organizes a heavy royal fleet phasing out past organizations. The Royal army of Castile has now almost wholly replaced the previous feudalistic military forces and has a size of nearly 50,000 and growing thanks in part to the good funding being provided by the king. In order to make up for lost power the King as behest of his new wife, and several of his friends who are nobles create a king's advisory council which officially has the power of the king in many matters if authorized. The men are also given station to criticize the kings actions to keep him from going crazy with power. The Knights Hospitaller are moved more into Castile with their professional fighting strength and religious zeal used to patrol the borders of Castile's Gibraltar province. The Knights are also given the authority to police the majority Christian Tangiers now, and effectively prevent many Muslims from coming over the border to wreak havoc. Castile begins considering opening up talks to relieve Granada of a primarily Christian province and a possible problem in the future for the country and giving it to the Knights Hospitaller to set up a kingdom or set up their organization in the area. King John secretly does this with the willing knights who have left Cyprus to prevent channelling their religious zeal into border patrolling. Castile's navy, now heavily funded and expanded greatly, reaches a large amount of combat and tradeworthy ships and with its trade from Oyo, and various supply bases establishes military and trade dominance over the West African areas as well as its locality in the Mediterranean. The Castilian trade dominance in West Africa remains unbudged as Castile directly owns and has the majority of the gold and ivory trades coming out of West and North Africa. Castile's population reaches around 5.2 million and growing. (I have been focusing heavily on growth of population and have not been involved in nearly the amount of destructive wars as OTL Castile has been). The Castilian Renaissance reaches its full swing with art and scientific advancement being allowed by the State as many of the religious fanatics and dissidents are fighting in Morocco, along with this, the highly respected middle and artisan classes are able to afford a much better living with various artists painting great works and with one even gaining an audience with the royal family for a painting. The Castilian navy reaches a large force of nearly 550 ships using the huge funding from Castile's conquests, trading, and other situation to fund this navy.   The technology of the Castilian navy is improved heavily as the king begins to focus more on the quality of his ships rather than the quantity which results in better quality ships (like an early carrack and my previously developed pre-galleon). The exploration continues just below the Kongo as the Castilian exploration parties manage to gather supplies from the Kongo's friendlier tribes. These exploratory parties have reached OTL southern and a little bit farther south but supply constraints and lack of knowledge of the area prevents further progress. Castile begins sending missionaries to the Kongo to convert the friendlier tribes which is relatively successful. Castile continues to convert to the western church with the king and his royal family attempting to preach about the new church and its benefits to the common man and not keeping them in the dark. This continued outright preaching causes an issue as a secret assassin attempts to kill King John of Castile. The Inquisition into the plotting nobles ends with the Castilian court and King John managing to not only oust several problematic nobles but install new fiercly loyal nobles. The conversion to the Western/Consuete Church continues with a relative majority accepting following the issues with nobility.  The Castilian navy with new ships replacing the old ones begins military drills for preparedness and experience.  Castilian naval ships continue the blockade of Granada to prevent an interrupt in trade and prevent undesireables from interfering in the Granadan Civil war. Castile brings in or sends all children for their royal marriages, etc. 
    • Kingdom of Granada: The Kingdom of Granada is formed with quick help thanks to Castile and the kingdom begins to recruit local Christians to help fight in the army. The economy, while meager, is growing. However, the country focuses heavily on fighting the Civil war at hand organizing areas beyond the area of control to help gain Christian allies as they begin to kill Muslim forces. The Civil war is far from over (they expanded this turn due to Castile forming them.) The Kingdom is formed in a relatively common way as the Muslims are currently being fought as what is deemed "hispanic tradition."  The Kingdom itself is relatively successful in fighting the Muslims in its general locale and has secure its main territory just offset from Gibraltar relatively easily. The Kingdom itself has King John as the king supreme with a Prince like Morocco. The Prince of Granada is a Castilian noble named Juan Cortez who is extremely biased against Muslims due to his father's death in the original war against Morocco over Gibraltar. Many of the Muslims within the new kingdom's borders are put to the sword and periodic raids and support parties are sent out to help Christian forces fight in the disorganized lands. The kingdom itself expands 5000 sq km through Granada and begins securing the area heavily in order to enclose the country and prevent outside aid of any sort from flooding in. This secures most of the west and the entire border sections of the country.
    • Kingdom of the Canaries: The Canaries are able to build upon the multiple viable settlements and a moderately sized and growing population. The Canaries, finally completely covering the islands, begins to send moderately sized fleets that are resupplied from the islands and from Castile to continually explore the area. The Canaries help supply settlers and fleets moving to Capo Verde. The governor reaffirms his support for King John.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: King Matthias of Cyprus has twin sons, both of which are sent to Castile for tutoring until they are old enough. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller West to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. King Matthias is killed in religious riots in Cyprus leaving his highly capable son in charge. This new King Fernando a half Cypriot, half Castilian man reigns in the riots relatively quickly and with decisive action solves their issue. The King himself being from some of the Western Catholic Sect has openly converted and challenges the conspirators of the riots to try again and see what happens. When another riot is organized in later months the King himself leads the Cypriot army and police and seizes the ring leaders preventing further rioting. This King swears his loyalty to King John and his mother's homeland of Castile.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The less fortunate and disenfranchized are converted. The Kingdom itself is a Christian kingdom with a similar situation of early Castile and Aragon, with large amounts of Muslims and a small amount of Christians. However, the Christian community in Morocco is expanded in thanks to the influx of traders and settlers from Castile and some other immigrants looking for an opportunity to live a new life here. The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area.  The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable amount of Castilians settle the area. While Christians remain the minority the kingdom of Morocco sets up various churches and allows preachers to roam around and convert people. The Kingdom begins to push toward integration of the city of Tangiers into the kingdom. This would give the Kingdom two important cities. Heavy taxes are imposed on Muslim traders in order to facilitate conversions to Christianity while lower more friendly taxes are given to Christian merchants. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Knights Hospitaller finally calm down from their overly religious conquest and begin to allow effective administration of the country. This is due in part to their losses and their lack of adaptation to Castile's budding new national religion. The Kingdom itself shows a relative increase in tensions with the remainder of Morocco due to border issues. This may indeed escalate into a full scale war due to issues stemming between the new Christian kingdoms continued push for legitimacy in the Christian world. Prince Adelmo the leader of Morocco previously very shadowy makes a public statement reaffirming his support for King John. The Knights Hospitaller in the country begin to die off due to old age, lack of recruitment and the very dangerous border raids and Muslim village raids they conduct bringing their numbers to barely 1000. The Kingdom's army proper raised by immigrant Christians now numbers about 4000 itself and is expected to grow.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate: The Shogun authorises the casting of the new currency. Two types of coin are cast, one in copper and one in silver. The silver coin, the Gintsuka (literally meaning 'silver currency') gives its name to the currency. It is 68% pure silver and has a weight of 29g, following the traditional Chinese coin style of a circular coin with a square hole punched in the centre. The copper coin, the Wadotsuka, has the same weight and is 97% pure. One Gintsuka is worth 12 'Wadotuska, based on the current availability of siver and copper on the markets of the Ashikaga. On the face of both coins, there are the Mons or emblems of the Date and Ashikaga clans, representing the union between the two. The reverse is cast with the Japanese symbol for happiness directly above the symbol for unity, showing the Shogun's commitment to the union of the Japanese states. The mint established by the Shogunate pours molten copper and silver into iron casts, and a proportion of the resulting coins are shipped to the Date Province. The Shogun releases the new coins late in the year, transporting vast amounts of the currency to towns throughout the Shogunate and allowing citizens to swap the old style currency for the new. However, this is a greater undertaking than was imagined, and although the target was originally for the currency to be fully implemented by the beginning of 1456, the Shogun allows for an extra eight months to fully circulate the coins before stopping the exchange with older ones.
  • The Prussians and their vassals continue to fight in the war against the UNC.
  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The relation with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continue to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc. The reconstruction of the south part of Italy continue, will take like five years to restore the ports and cities.
    • Kingdom of Sicily: King Peter III sends aid to rebuild damaged cities and ports in southern Italy. Meanwhile, the army continue the process of assimilation of Italian tactics that spread through the Mediterranean, promoting the use of early firearms. The economy of the island is mostly cereal crops. Thanks to Italian support the exploitation of olives and wine grapes continues.
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continue. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies; is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy in one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continue the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Vatican City: Pope Calixtus III continue the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope like his predecessor condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The Pope in his speeches also continues condemning the current lack of security of pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, which the Christian nations have a priority to recover these places and they are missing to the will of God.
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
  • Ottoman Sultanate: While the Sultan is still away waiting for the results of the war and the peace treaty to be drafted and ratified, the Grand Vizier leads the nation in Mehmed's place. He is shocked to find that the one-time enemy, the Timurid Empire, has collapsed into smaller fragments. Many who still remember the old days of Timur have a bittersweet feeling, but are still sad to see such a fierce and worthy adversary fall. The Grand Vizier extends his prayers to the family of the late Timurid ruler. He also proposes an alliance with the Safavids. Meanwhile, the Sultanate goes through a process of reconstruction after the bloody conflict. Many new mosques are built over old buildings that had been destroyed by "crusaders," and thousands of soldiers are buried; Christian, Muslim, and Jewish soldiers alike. The Grand Vizier, on advice of the Sultan after apparent talks with the Georgian leader, reopens relations with Georgia, and will try to maintain good relations with the "Crusader" states. Relations also end with the former Mamluks. Infrastructure and the economy are improved as the dust settles.
  • Safavid Diplomacy: Accepts the gracious offer.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: The war continues.
  • Safavid Empire: We begin the mass buildup of military and arms in case of an attack from the former Timurid empire. Many Shi'ite Islamic men join this military also comprised of former Timurid millitants. We set the capital as Isfahan. We ask the Georgians for an alliance and accept the Otto request. We begin to reconstruct lost buildings. The new nation is wary of the Hazarispids and the military is put under high alert and builds up around the border.
  • Babur's Empire (Mughal Empire): Babur, seeing the problems of the Timurid Empire decides to issue a new law allowing religious freedom and supporting religious and philosophical discussions. He sends Gwalior, Dhundha, Jaisalmer, Kathiawar and Marwar emissaries that will attempt to keep the trade pacts official (NEEDS MOD RESPONSE). After replacing the former Jaunpur provincial with a noble who supports Babur, news arrive from the Bahmani province with the current provincial pledging his services to Emperor Babur. As the successor of Timur, Temujin and Draka, Babur is seen as the true heir of the new Empire and uses this to his advantage in order to renew his grasp on the Chagatai Khanate, and sending an ambassador to the Jochid Ulus to straighten the Chagatai concern. Another ambassador is sent to the Safavids in order to maintain peace and offer a trade agreement.
  • Safavid Dip: Accepts but asks for help in case the Hazarispids attack.
  • Babur E Dip: Such terms are accepted.
  • Rumania: The printing press continues to fuel a huge explosion in demand for scholars and tutors. Hundreds of barely literate boyars seek an education as it becomes fashionable to own and read books. Merchants also capitalize on the invention using it to advertize their wares to the extremely rich. Several print shops open across the nation, and copies of the bible begin to circulate among the boyars. The Patriarchate of Rumania encourages its priests to teach their followers the art of reading; literacy begins to rise across the country. Now 21 Radu I continue to encourage trade and manufacturing. Food stuffs are offered to Ukraine as a gesture of goodwill. Rumanian gunsmiths and researchers ask the Roman Empire for assistance in developing the secrets of gunpowder and its applications. All development that the Rumanians have in the field will be offered to them in exchange for their own research. The gunsmith Marius Cojocaru begins to produce weapons, he receives funding from the crown for any discoveries he makes.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: A large fort continues to be constructed on the island in the middle of the harbor of Varna. The Black Sea road is finished down the length of the coast from Wallachia. Roads are paved across the country, allowing for travel. More efforts are placed in connecting the region to Wallachia. Tax breaks are implemented upon the peasantry, in an attempt to gain their loyalty. 
  • Kingdom of Georgia (and allies): Georgia, Armenia, Assyria, Rani, and Amier-Kavkasia all expand their militaries. Georgia also accepts the Safavid alliance request.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to exercise military control in the terrortories that it won in the recent war. To combat the Ghazis and bandits, the Roman military begins to offer pardons to Greek bandits who turn themselves in, and also offer incentives to fight or turn in any Turkish compatriots. Trade resumes because of the war has ended. The opening of Thessalonica as a free trade port has done much to expand the trade contacts of the Empire and increases revenue.
    • Albania: Construction of the castles and training of the military continue.
  • The Jochid Ulus continues its war, with the Muscovites and Novgorodans increasingly pushed back into their own nation. Nizhny Novgorod is laid under siege. Meanwhile, the rebellion in Perm continues to be easily crushed, with more Komi joinng in against the polarised and very small Russian minority. Most Russians have been expulsed from Perm. The war effort taxes most or the Ulus' resources; however, small amount of aid targeted at Tatars and Mordvins is sent to its Ruthenian territories. Much of the Ulus also suffers from hunger, as part of its breadbasket is destroyed. This causes a large amount of nobles to begin a court faction looking for immediate peace. These nobles look for expansion in moew peaceful ways, starting to influence Azeria.
    • Perm continues to crush the small and polarised minority. By now, the 290-300 Russians that remain in the nation have been pushed back to the taiga in southeastern Perm, with neither the cities or the Yamal being under any kind of danger.
    • Adygea's economy expands.
  • Eire: We rejoice when Thomond and later other Irish states lay down arms and join us, and 55 years after King Thomas' fateful dream, Eire becomes fully united, save the city of Dublin, which remains independent and remaining so for the forseeable future. Celebrations occur in towns across Eire, and the King and his entourage tours Eire, with the help of the new road system. We begin expanding roads to newly-acquired regions in Eire, hoping to connect all major towns, and spread new Irish ideals such as Occidentalism (Western Catholicism) and pro-Albionism. After his tour, the King invites all of his new vassals to his court in Tomasdun and brutally slays them, I mean holds a great feast and festival to break old bonds between rulers, and have the King's new vassals befriend him. During the feast, the King divides Ireland into the ancient five provinces. Munster is held by him, Ulster, the King of Ulster, Leinster remains a vassal state under Thomas II, Meath to the King, as he explains that Meath cannot be a province unless it is united, and thus it is administrated under Munster. Connaucht, however, is held by many local chieftains and small states. Not wanting to induce war amongst them, the King appoints a ceremonial ruler but he holds the true power there, and he lets the local chieftains go about their business as long as they act as subjects to the King. The system pleases the vassals, as they retain local power, but have to pay taxes, provide levies, etc. as vassals of King Eamon in the feudal system. As High King of Ireland, Eamon truly rules all of the Isle fully except for Leinster, a vassal state. Stabilization after years of expansion continues, and the navy continues to be built up. Cork and Ballydrogheda undergo a renaissance, as the unification of Ireland allows for the ability to export products from all across the Isle. As such, trade increases. the King begins to modernize the military forces, with the eventual forces consisting of a main line of pikemen, Gaelic skirmishers on the flanks, crossbowmen behind the skirmishers, and the cavalry behind. The King asks for a book on tactics from the Romans, with money given in return. (Inf-turn)
    • ​Leinster: Celebrations go off as the Isle is united. Leinster, however, remains a vassal state, a member of the Confederation of Eire and Albion, but not of Eire proper, and is granted special status in autonomy from Eire. Roads expand in Leinster, tying it fully with the rest of Eire. (Inf-turn)
  • Pskov: Continues to fight the UNC and sends aid to Muscovy to fight the Golden Horde, trade with Georgia continues, minimal effects from famine in Ukraine due to the highly developed farm industry and relatively little population in Pskov ...
  • Eire 1455

    Map of Eire. Only Leinster is a vassal, the other regions are subdivisions of Eire.

  • Cahokia: After successfully, however regretfully, moving his way into the political scene of Cahokia, Monchacho secures a year's worth of necessary supplies and funding for the medical school. Due to high efficiency and a motivated leadership, the construction timeline moves up a year, expecting to be completed in 1457. The waste water management project (WWMP) continues work and is slated for completion in 1470. Fishing continues to be the main industry in the northern regions. Rektaw successfully regains control of his vassal states while avoiding conflict. He sets up a special office of government specifically concerned with capitol-vassal relationships in order to maintain a state of control.
    • West Moundville (Vassal of Cahokia): The splitting of Moundville goes relatively uneventful, the dividing line being Mississippi River. While still a major economic center, Mississippi City (OTL New Orleans) functions independently of the divide though falls under the jurisdiction of the West Moundvillian government. Border security and division along the river isn't that big of an issue to the residents as the governments have no real interest in explicitly dividing its citizens, just so long as they have their own domestic agendas. The Cahokian Regulars move a decent sized regiment into the new military base for additional security in anticipation of connecting with the new civilization, the Aztecs. As for economic sustainability, West Moundville utilizes its extensive coastline for fishing.
    • East Moundville (Vassal of Cahokia): Happy with the resolution and divide, East Moundvillian leadership sets to work on preparing to retake the OTL Floridian peninsula. They make requests to the vassal of Parkin for additional military support to stage the expansion. East Moundville also has significant access to the sea so they intend on expanding into the sea for fishing. But their true economic power comes from their ability to farm the fertile land of the South.
    • Etowah (Vassal of Cahokia): Domestic political tensions ease and progress continues on the construction of Appawa (slated for completion in 1470). While not a priority in the region, Cahokian engineers based in Etowah begin to scout out potential sites for military bases, hoping to utilize the Appalachian Mountains for underground tunnels and defenses. Timber remains to be Etowah's main economic output.
    • Parkin (Vassal of Cahokia): The Nac form a new sub-group called the Nac Riders, and finally domesticize the buffalo. Most of the military's focus is centered on training the Nac Riders to work together in squads of ten.
  • Trier: We upgrade our military and economy. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne, and Austria and her vassals.
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Albert and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1455 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1455, Albert II commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The planned market center in Landshut continues to attract regional traders. In religious news, the country begins converting to the Western Netherlander church. By the end of this year, around 70% of the country adheres to the Western Church in Holland. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Albert II makes efforts to implement Sedevacantist policies in the government. Furthermore, Albert also arranges the Roscol Bank access to Landshut to do trading. The Venetian merchants take an interest in government bonds.
    • Munchen: The main campus of Queen Isabell University is completed and the beginning courses include French, Latin, English, and Greek as well as theology, clergy training and mathematics being taught. By 1455, the total class amounts to about 2400 people. Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Munchen as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Straubing as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Ingolstadt as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. 
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. The Catholic clergy of Wurzburg become restless when learning they are now vassals of Grand Duke Albert of Bavaria and his Western Church. However, as Albert begins tolerating the Catholics, the Wurzburg clergy seem to calm down.
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. We upgrade infrastructure, as do our vassals.
  • Tibet: Tibet and all its vassals expand their military.
  • Oyo Empire: After a long and fruitful life, Akitunde dies after having handed the throne to his son Olorun. The empire is swift when it comes to mourning his death, interring his body at the Oyo-Ile Cathedral, the construction of which, begun by his father more than fifty years ago, serves as an ever-present sign of Oyo's newfound wealth and power. Though they mourn their old leader's death, Oyo continues to push on in its technological development, routinuely sending young men to Europe to learn at the feet of its greatest thinkers and explorers. Seeking to use such technologies for themselves, Oyo has spared no expense in ensuring that its young minds are educated in Europe, and return to Oyo to teach at Oyo's multiple universities. Oyo continues its naval develop, with the expansion of their industrial base to support the growth of the maritime industry in Lagos and Accra. The census reveals a population of 9,242,665 inhabitants. Alaafin Olorun secretly authorises the assassination of Benin nobles, and pins the blame on foreign chieftains, mainly those who had attempted to sponsor a civil war in Oyo. Ever the clever strategist, Olorun is quick to kill of the men he paid to kill the nobles, covering his tracks and weakening any attempts by the Benin vassal to blame him for some kind of "foul play". Olorun publically mourns the loss of the nobles, stating that while he was not fond of them, the murder of Oyo vassals will not stand. As a result of his supposed desire to protect Benin, the local Igbo turn on the tribes that they once believed supported them. The added benefit of this is that the Igbo have begun fighting amougst themselves as some continue to believe Oyo staged the murders. As the Igbo fail to see the bigger picture painted by Olorun, they quickly descend into in-fighting, leading to the Eso being deployed into the region to "quall the rebels". Unfortunately for the Igbo, the Eso cannot determine who is loyal and who is not, and a genocide occurs as the Igbo fighting to break away from Oyo attack the Eso, leading to the much better trained and better equipped Eso to punish all the Igbo collectively. Within a matter of months, those who were for or against the Oyo Empire have been exterminated, and the remains of the Benin Empire are too weak to reinforce the local Igbo population. Faced with trying to edge out the larger Yoruba population in the old lands, or rebuild in what's left of their own lands, the Benin government simply opts to avoid a confrontation with Oyo, especially as troops from Oyo begin killing off the tribes that supported Benin in the years prior to the genocide, embarking on several punitive campaigns to root out the tribals. Olorun, not his father's spitting image politically speaking, engages in a violent campaign to punish all those who had a point in driving his father into what he considered to be an early grave due to the unneeded stress of warfare. The first to suffer Olorun's wrath are the northern Igbo, known as the Ibo, who directly financed the rebel incursions into Oyo's territory. Sending five columns of 2000 soldiers into their lands, Olorun gives his bloodthirsty commanders, many of whom lost family in the attacks – the reason Olorun chose them for the invasion; to murder, pillage, and destroy any and all Ibo settlements in the region. All those who aren't murdered are enslaved, and sent back to Oyo to face "punishment" for their "crimes". Turning to the newly invented movable type of Europe, Olorun commissions many scribes from Europe to produce propaganda for him, to help guide his people along a path that will ensure the future safety of his people. Olorun makes it clear during an address to a jeering crowd in Oyo-Ile, that Oyo shall never fall, and will kill to ensure that promise is kept.

1456

With the instituting of the Reichsregiment beginning in the Holy Roman Empire the German Union is officially disbanded, with its organization now defunct and integrated into the main structure of the Holy Roman Empire. By now almost all nations have elected to voluntarily leave the German Union, and have begun preparing for new chancellor elections within the empire. (All players in Germany are urged to go to the HRE page)

The House of Wettin launches a revolt against the nation of Austria within the Electorate of Saxony in an effort to restore power in the region.

Albert von Wettin, an exiled noble from former Saxon territories, secretly conspires with margraves in Brandenburg and Silesia to free the Upper Saxon Circle from Habsburg rule. The region begins to experience large levels of anti-Austrian discontent, as they feel the Austrian Emperor is too far away and too overextended to control their territories well. They look for the restoration of the Saxon Federation of yore, only controlling the entirety of the Upper Saxon Circle.

Satisfied that Albert II has answered demands to maintain the borders of the Holy Roman Empire, complaints from several local lords cease. Despite this, frequent wars in Germany and neighboring areas have damaged the empire’s overall economy and infrastructure, weakening the core states of the empire for some time and preventing any regional state from mounting any large scale wars. 

In the Ukraine, despite aid (or not) tens of thousands die. In two separate incidents. Moscovian and Golden Horde granaries are swamped by starving citizens. After the guards attack the starved citizens, the regions on both sides of the border mass revolt. 

The invading Safavid dynasty captures Tabriz, and their leader proclaims himself Shahanshah of Iran. Coins are minted in his name, and he proclaims Shi’ism the official religion of his domain. The establishment of Shi’ism as the state religion in Persia leads to various Sufi orders openly declaring their Shi’i position, and others, to promptly assume Shi’ism.

The Mazandarani in northern Iran rebel against the Timurid remnant government in the area. A man who calls himself Bavand takes over Resht, and soon conquers most of the Caspian sea of Persia. He allies with the Zoroastrian strongholds in the Alborz, leading to an extremely strong position. Repelling Timurid, Turkmen and Safavid invasion alike due to the region’s very mountainous territory, the Hyrcanian Kingdom is founded.

Following the success of an independent Albania breaking away from the Ottomans’ grasp, a general cry for the return of native Albanian land from Venice and Italy is heard. In Italian Albania a brief rebellion breaks out comprised of Albanian peasants who seek unification with Albania.

In Mecca, a prominent scholar and priest discovers several new verses, which he claims to be part of the Qur’an. They return a Pagan base to the Islamic faith. He begins to preach these verses, which his enemies call the “Satanic Verses”. Soon, believers in these verses exist in large numbers throughout Arabia, Persia, the Levant and the Jochid Ulus.

In Venezuela, to counter both Quimbaya and Motilón influence, the Caracas, Teques and Mariche tribes join in a tribal federation existing along the coast.

In South-Eastern Australia, the Tharawal’s population has grown considerably in the past decade. More and more of the population is turning to eel farming, using the “new method”. As well as that, the bows and arrows which set the Tharawal apart from their competitor tribes have resulted in them being able to hunt much more efficiently, freeing up more time for other things, like procreating.  

Mod: On a different note, if you have event complaints please leave them on the talk page and do not flip out on the main game page anymore. That is no longer acceptable. Also, Mods are currently doing their jobs and the constant criticism does not help fix the situation. I said leave your issues on the talk page previously and I wasn't kidding. Any more of these ridiculous callouts on the main page and not the talk page will result in a one day harassment/attitude ban. Play the game, and stop bickering every little chance you get. CIVILY take your issues to the talk page where I - for the most part - look at it most of the time and can address it/ get more attention on it from other moderators. But for the most part since I have taken mod position I have attempted to look at/ give my input on any mod events I believe are problematic to the game or a player's actions. -Feud

  • Safavid Empire: There is rejoicing after the capture of Tabriz (If it is a mod event do I need an algo for the rest of the nation?), but the safavids ask for a peace treaty with the local governments (Seljuq, if I am correct by using the map on the talk page), to put them as a Safavid vassal. We continue the centralization of the government and Shi'ite influences. The scholar from Mecca is declared an enemy to Islam. We begin to trade with our new allies, boosting the economy. More troops are placed along the north, as if preparing for a war, although the government wants to avoid it at high costs.
  • Cuzco: Infrastructure is built up, focusing on connecting the various nations of our trading alliance. Due to the increased connection of these nations, Cuzco begins to become a cultural and economic center of the region.
    • Wanka (Vassal of Cuzco): We improve our economy.
    • I don't think you can expand north at this point. You just required a vassal and will require influence and instructions from the home kingdom. Also, I am pretty sure that Ica-Nazca has surrounded your northern border. SwankyJ (talk) 05:21, March 29, 2014 (UTC)
    • I have these turns written in advance due to how busy I am, and I change them based on the results of my diplomacy, but I forgot that the Ica-Nazca has expanded to my north.
  • The Grand Sultanate of the Mashriq, under Ahmed-ad-Din Yusuf, works to integrate the new, largely Turkish, regions, and begins by spreading Assafi Islam and reutilizing the Arabic language. The Sultanate expands 5000 sq km underneath Cyrenaica. The new Assafi calendar is generally recognized by all of the Mashriqi states by now, and continues to be exported to al-Sumal and al-Swahili, as well as Muslim states in India and the Indies. STEC consolidates its trade grasp over Malagasy and the Swahili states, and sends supplies to Sanafah, which expands by 2500 sq km. Missionary efforts on Malagasy continue as well. The IAFATM continues its trade with Aceh, and expands its trade to some other Indies islands, which brings even more spices to Europe, filling Mashriqi coffers. Education at all universities (Alexandria, Damascus and Baghdad) continues and an endeavor to create a Latin-based Arabic script to replace traditional calligraphy in trade continues, led by professors from all three schools. Trade with Oman and Yemen continues, as well as influence in Al-Sumal. Iritriya ​expands 2500 sq km, under Ethiopia. The Sultanate of Tunisia grows 5000 sq km under Cyrenaica to connect with the Mashriq. Influence over Gafsa and Zab is almost finalized. In Tunisia, most Christian influence is naturally supplanted by the influx of Assafi conversion. All Burji states grow their militaries. After the discovery of the controversial texts, the issue is brought before the Caliph, who is expected to issue a ruling next year.
    • Tekke, which has become larger, becomes the new largest state in Anatolia and trades with Karaman to improve relations. Ramazan gains lands from the former Ottoman State, and it begins to assimilate to the culture of Adana, which is mixed Arab and Turkish influences. Seljuqiya (Mardin, Dulkadir, Erzincan, and the Black Sheep) undergoes a process of rebuilding and increasing infrastructure, since the mountainous region is quite underdeveloped.
    • I'm pretty sure that Tekke was not given to you last turn, as it is implausible. This is the Roman Empire's territory. SwankyJ (talk) 06:20, March 29, 2014 (UTC)
  • Tunisia barely has a population (1.5 million tops). They won't be expanding anytime soon, and especially not into a desert such as the Sahara. Try something else - same principle for Egypt except the population part. Thing is, you can't realistically expand any farther into the desert - YETSine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk) 05:45, March 29, 2014 (UTC)
  • Tekke is Roman, if you insist again and continue to post as a nation that is not yours it will constitute a one day ban from the game -Feud
  • France: Military and economy are built up. While this, the Navy expands. Brittany officially enters the French influence sphere. In Armagnac a few officers loyal to France give up on rebels siding with the recently known Foix threat. The ambassador of Foix is captured and the alleged secret agent is decapitated. A blockade continues to be exerted at Foix. Aragon (my bad) and Castile are asked to follow the same actions. The ambassador is revealed to be still alive although being held prisoner by the French. While this, Foix is warned that any further meddling in Armagnac will result in a war. While this, several soldiers capture raiders from Foix executing them in public and several French citizens initiating their own raidings in the border with Foix.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Brittany: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up.
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up.
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up.
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up.
  • Oyo Empire: In an address to his people and supporters, Alaafin Olorun has called all of his nobles and all of his leading citizens to attend an assembly in which he has wished to speak to them. His request for a grand audience was to give attention to the new direction in which the nation headed, and he sought to promote changes to the government he had made within the last two years of his rule. In front of a crowd of some 50,000 people, with more than 200,000 believed to be outside of the city listening by way of shouters, Olorun begins his speech: "The old days of our great nation are coming to an end. What our forefathers and their forefathers had known shall be no more. In a mere fifty years, we have progressed exponentially to such a point that we may no longer call ourselves Africans, but Europeans of another stripe. Perhaps among one of you, you may remember, recalling the days when it was hard to be a member of the Oyo nation. When our people numbered only a few thousand strong, when we were hunted by the Akan and the Igbo, and when we merely survived instead of lived (applause). Yes, indeed, those days are gone. For many ages, we were a minority. We had to remain a minority to harness the full potential and the most valuable assets of our nation, those struggling and sacrificing for the nation, which at all times amounted to a minority, never a majority (applause). Because of these brave men and women, Oyo became strong, wealthy, proud. The best of the Oyo people, our Race, had proudly and boldly proclaimed the might of this great nation, and because of that, we are strong today (applause). The Oyo people, as I, my father, and his father, have seen, have happily shown their awareness and willingness to fight the Eternal Fight for their's and their children's future (applause). Represented by the very best of our nation, we have shown that we shall readily and vigorously pursue and exercise this advantage to the best of our ability, never to relinquish ourselves to a fate of primitive isolation (applause)! There will always be one part of the nation which is ready for war, and from these a mere pledge of "I believe" is not enough, but they take the pledge of "I will fight and die" (applause)! Today, I announce the formation of the Isokan, which shall replace the monarchy as the protector and guide of the Oyo people and nation. The Isokan shall always consist of Oyo's best and brightest, the elite of her ranks and her many great cities. It shall remain unchangeable in its doctrine, hard as our steel in organization, swift and adaptive in its tactics, and its full entirety shall be the complete manifestation of our mighty nation and its undying spirit (applause)! To do this, all Oyo must join with the Isokan, but only the best Isokan will become the leaders of Oyo (applause)! In the days of old, we were persecuted, controlled, denied! We were brushed aside like the chaff of wheat! Today, my dear brothers and sisters, we must practice selectiveness in ourselves, and expel the rotten, bitten fruit of our number and our neighbor! What is bad, what is wicked, what is evil (applause), has no place within our sight! It is our wish, that this Nation and Ijoba (Empire) shall endure for a thousand years and onward! Let us rejoice (applause)! For we shall never be denied our future, our fate, and our freedom! While the old will finally falter from the True Path because of our inherent mortality, the youth our of great Nation shall continue on with our holy work, forever united with us in body, mind, and soul (applause)! Only if we come to accept the Isokan as the essence and grand idea of our fate, through the joint effort of all our kind, will it forever be an indestructible, inseparable part of the Oyo people and the Oyo Nation. Then, and only then, will the grand, glorious and magnificent armies of Oyo's finest warriors march off into the horizon, bound to the no less traditional Isokan to guide us, carrying on their mighty shoulders this great Nation (applause)! At this very hour, thousands of Isokan comrades are marching off from the city. While we miss them dearly, prepare yourselves for the time when you shall be called upon! We, the people, come and go, but the idea of the Isokan shall remain forever God Almighty be willing, as a symbol of unity and brotherhood for all eternity! Long live the Isokan! Long live Oyo (applause)!" At this point, Olorun, finishing his fiery speech and now proclaimed Aṣáájú (Asaaju for simplification) of Oyo, steps down as tens of thousands of Oyo shout out his name and "Yinyin gun!" or "Hail Victory!" His chief aide follows behind, shouting "The Isokan is Olorun! Just as Olorun is Oyo and Oyo is Olorun! Yinyin gun!", and the assembly ends with a song played that Olorun took a liking to in his youth, as it proclaimed the unity of Oyo as a nation and people. With the old days behind them, Oyo begins its campaign to develop a new way of thinking from this point onward. The development of new technologies, the young, embryonic fleet included, are now the main concern of the government, as well as dealing with the forces responsible for trying to destroy Oyo. With a large, fanatical population backing them, the government prepares for the future of the nation. (Dang! That took forever!)
  • Portugal continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers start to follow the Castilian example and start to explore the African coast. São Miguel and Santa Maria continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the colony of Açores expands 600 sq km into the two recently-discovered islands, with settling starting there.
  • Venetian Republic:
    • Books on various topics spread from Venice throughout Europe, continuing the Renaissance. Printed in the Venetian language, they teach of the sciences and humanities and revive learning, spreading knowledge (as well as the language) far and wide..
    • With the increased supply of Ducats, the fluidity of European trade increases.
    • Many people sentenced to death are drowned in the canals as is the Venetian tradition. The tradition is becoming the primary way to execute criminals and is spreading to the Venetian territories across Europe.
    • Fine wool and silk clothing from Titani is exported across the Mediterranean and Black Sea and begins to set the trend in Renaissance clothing.
    • Venetian trade reaches across the known world. Merchant ships carry salt, silks, glass and a collection of other goods, both common and rare. Venetian traders are the largest carriers of trade in Europe, with the thousands of ships and a trading tradition continuing to fuel this.
    • The Roscol Bank uses local subsidiaries all across Europe to fund trade, with a leaning toward funding trade with Venice. They also fund enterprises across the continent, boosting the economies of the nations which they inhabit. The Roscol Bank invests conservatively. While this doesn't bring in as much wealth as other nations' banking, such as the Dutch, it results in a much more robust level of equity.
    • Venetian trade reaches across the known world. Merchant ships carry salt, silks, glass and a collection of other goods, both common and rare. Venetian traders are the largest carriers of trade in Europe, with the thousands of ships and a trading tradition continuing to fuel this.
    • The Roscol Bank uses local subsidiaries all across Europe to fund trade, with a leaning toward funding trade with Venice. They also fund enterprises across the continent, boosting the economies of the nations which they inhabit. The Roscol Bank invests conservatively. While this doesn't bring in as much wealth as other nations' banking, such as the Dutch, it results in a much more robust level of equity.
    • In Veneto the Ducat continues minting, spreading the wealth of the Ducat across the various Ducat nations. The Carro is investigated by a group of officials including the Admiral of the Venetian fleet, he is impressed but notes it looks more complex than current vessels. The Doge proposes a treaty in the negotiations in Adrianople. Hungary continues to boost the economy of Venice and vice versa. The Doge decides to further support Venetian culture, he funds conversions to Venetian culture across the Republic and Empire. The Doge decides to deal with the politics of Venice, he has been putting off full dealings with the Maxór Conségio. He discovers a backlog of cases to hear. One of the first things he approves is the proposal to fund Protectorates a lira per head to assist them in providing defence for the Republic. The Doge also hears of the Athenian courts that settle business disputes and decides to implement them in Venice and decides that their rulings shall be in line with the current laws with judges able to take extra-judicial actions with approval from the Doge.
    • In Porto Tolle Guido Bon faces opposition from Catholics, he increases the amount of Pretors but it looks like the rule of the True Faith on Porto Tolle will end soon.
    • In Istra Potensa Felle Enzignerio is glad for the Hungarians receiving the envoys, he prepares for further diplomacy.
      • ​​Hungary agrees on bettering relations between the two nations and meets the Istra envoys sent. They hope a time of peace can emerge between the two.
    • In Scutari Potensa Rolandino Premarin upon consulting his Gastaldo finds that he cannot fund such a sizeable guard with the drop of funding, he can barely maintain 50 guards on a poll tax of one lira. Angered he is forced to disband 200 more men.
    • In Epirote Free Ports the Sarandan trade fleet operates competently in the Adriatic. Titani clothes production continues to increase, furniture production continues to remain stable. The new Superpotensa of Preveza lowers the barriers against non-guild members. However, some express anger still. With the use of Sigilar Collegantia in Saranda and Titani, the Venetian language spreads quickly, particularly to the upper and middle classes.
    • In the Peloponnese the Potensa of Argos decides to work on inner city infrastructure. Athenian merchants speaking Venetian and requiring documents written in Venetian cause the language to be a requirement to be an official of any worth.
    • In Attica the Potensa of Menidi continues to spread the True Faith preaching the Gospel of Saint Mark.
    • In Morocco the forts are delayed by supply shortages, it is estimated it will take just 12 more years to build all the forts. Immigrants arrive in the cities of Venetian Morocco, further pushing the cities to the Venetian's side. Meanwhile, some Potensas also practise leniency toward the Muslim populace as well as conversion.
    • Eco-turn
  • Epirote Republic: Dragano's Gastaldo rides around Epirus with a force of 1000 riders and while doing so musters a force of men, women and children to lead on a march, they are 10,000 strong by the time they arrive at the northern border. He tells them that they will be granted lands and wealth if they come north and fight for the Doge's cause. The 2000 men, fathers and sons and rogues, who are in the march arm themselves with spears eager to better their lives and their families. The march into Valona is relatively peaceful, they meet with the 300 surviving Republicans and split into three moving across the lands and crushing all opposition. Many who support the Conte are hung and their lands confiscated and those who call themselves Albanian rather than Epirote are forced to flee to the young nation or die too. Many are also drowned in wells, bogs and rivers. By the end of the year Valona is Epirote. Those who loyally served in the integration are granted important positions in the Republic while the peasants that came with them are granted the lands of those who have been killed, Valona's population is considered to have been halved by the conflict from 100,000 to 50,000. With many fleeing to Albania, being killed or migrating to better lands in the south or north. Dragano, having secured the north, looks to the south.
    • Mil-turn
  • Venetian Empire:
    • In the Province of Aegina Conte Uberto falls ill in the early year, he continues to rule. However, dies in autumn. Without any sons, his younger brother Thadeo takes over the ruling of the small isle. He has an interest in Aeginean culture too but more in line to protect it, he commissions the building of two fortified towers, each in the centre of the two settlements on the island. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Athens Superpotensa Oliverio rejoices at the Doges decision and celebrates with a festival, it raises the spirits of the people after the war and brings wealth to the city. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Candia Conte Palmerio hears of a great new ship, known either as a Carro or a Navebaga, he does not know which. Upon hearing it is not a galley he scoffs saying "galleys have always ruled the Mediterranean! What bumbling fool would thing that in these seas sails would ever beat oars, idiots!" Inf-turn
    • In the Corfiot Protectorate the Red Army of Corfu receives massive funding from Venice. The Governor General considers an expansion of the force. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Kaffa Conte Simon Sanuto seeing that the people to the north are suffering, he offers some near the Kaffan borders to join the various settlements, he uses the wealth of Kaffa to supply the extra food needed to manage the surge in population and also instructs Potensas to build ghettos for the new immigrants. He also sends Kaffan guards to larger settlements in the Jochid Ulus Crimea with food wagons, bringing cheap grains, breads and drinks to alleviate the locals. These actions bring stability to the Crimean peninsula. Inf-turn
    • In the Naxian Protectorate the Naxian navy experiments more with vessels with sails as their experiments with using the sails of galleys have proven very fruitful. The officer returns stating that the Navebaga is a sail ship with a massive hold, he says it isn't made for war but trade. The Governor General loses interest. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Negroponte the city of Negroponte continues to improve its capacity for processing mined products into goods. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Ragusa the eldest of the Black Guard retire into civic roles in the city, taking up important positions and contributing to the admiration for the Black Guard. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Valona is now folded into the Epirote Republic. See the Epirote turn.
  • County of Oldenburg: Count Dietrich watches the events unfolding in the HRE with interest, and he sends an envoy to the Reichskammergericht to represent Oldenburg. The economy is the country's main focal point this year. Some local merchants are slightly worried about the supposed Venetian monopoly over bamking in the country. They, along with some Jewish associates, start up their own bank, the "Jade Bank", named after the Jade Bight, on which Oldenburg's ports are situated. The small group invites more Jews to move to Oldenburg to help them with their bank. Some merchants are drawn to the Jade Bank's lower rates, but most stick to the security of the Roscol Bank, which is backed by the Venetian Treasury, so is obviously too big to fail. The Count grows scared that his country is too reliant on Northern Seas products, and encourages a greater emphasis on farming. This does nothing to stop the OHG of course, which goes whaling, sealing and auking as per usual. They also start walrusing, and walrus ivory is now on sale. In Neu Baltrum, the fisherman and his wife discover that the water surrounding the island are very rich in fish, and they make a nice little package providing their fellow Waldorfers with fish.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck:  The Bishop falls gravely ill and all "further theocracy-ification" ceases. The Bishop meets with his Priests and with Prince Frederick, and they decide on the successor, who will be annointed when the current Bishop is close to death. The Order of the Seraphim gains strength. 
  • Ashikaga Shogunate: Distribution of the new Gintsuka currency continues and the transition between old Chinese imitations and the new coins is finished by the latter part of the year. The Shogun hopes that this will serve to create a more equal relationship with China, without a monetary reliance on the mainland. He sees the Gintsuka as a method of bringing the Japanese states closer together, hoping that after it is proved successful, it will be adopted by more of the Daimyos.
  • Eire: We rejoice when Thomond and later other Irish states lay down arms and join us, and 55 years after King Thomas' fateful dream, Eire becomes fully united, save the city of Dublin, which remains independent and remaining so for the forseeable future. Celebrations occur in towns across Eire, and the King and his entourage tours Eire, with the help of the new road system. We begin expanding roads to newly-acquired regions in Eire, hoping to connect all major towns, and spread new Irish ideals such as Occidentalism (Western Catholicism) and pro-Albionism. Stabilization after years of expansion continues, with many soldiers in the military for years during Eire's fighting begin to settle down, and the navy continues to be built up. Cork and Ballydrogheda undergo a renaissance, as the unification of Ireland allows for the ability to export products from all across the Isle. As such, trade increases. the King begins to modernize the military forces, with the eventual forces consisting of a main line of pikemen, Gaelic skirmishers on the flanks, crossbowmen behind the skirmishers, and the cavalry behind all. Wool begins to become a more popular farm product, with a few people living in the towns beginning to manufacture cloth in small quantities. The King asks for a book on tactics from the Romans, with money given in return. (Inf-turn)
    • '​'​Leinster: Celebrations go off as the Isle is united. Leinster, however, remains a vassal state, a member of the Confederation of Eire and Albion, but not of Eire proper, and is granted special status in autonomy from Eire. Roads expand in Leinster, tying it fully with the rest of Eire. (Inf-turn)
  • ​Aztec Empire: With the new swearing of loyalty to the emperor, the people begin to grow more unified, with the first year getting everyone to swear loyalty, the empire has finally finished and now boys at the age of 13 will swear their allegiance to Emperor Montezuma II [36]. Cuachtemoc [26] has secured the military in the north seeing the Coyote Warriors has a highly effective internal force. He has assigned them to put down any rebellions in the empire. The navy is expanded [223]. The fishing ships are expanded [402] but are now expected to stay that way for some time as we concentrate on building the infrastructure with many more roads and bridges over rivers and streams. Canals and acqueducts are now at large throughout most of the major cities throughout. Military is expanded with Eagle Warriors continuing to send exploration parties into Western Moundville, searching the land. They have found out that the place of Western Moundville, is not just a capital, yet a vassal. It's ruler is in the far north, they are under rule of the Cahokian Civilization. The Eagle Warriors plan to discover the land, and its king; although it is considered unwise by Cuachtemoc, as the journey is too far and too long. Economy expands, with a lowered levy tax, but huge booms in the mining industry as, a large silver mine is discovered and begins to be mined, although not needing much the miners give a few pieces of jewellery to Emperor Montezuma II, and a silver war medallion for Cuachtemoc. Copper, Tin, Iron, and Obsidian are now huge around the empire, with putting many to work. Jaguar Warriors are now the most elite fighting force in the empire, they are not even closed to being outmatched. With a total of 4501 Jaguar Warriors, they are Cuachtemoc's pride and joy. The canals in the capital of Tenochtitlan begin to flood. As the western district of the city is now four inches under water. Emperor Montezuma II sends in a team of engineers and people to clean up all the water. A mistake is found in only one canal, and the engineers fix it. Emperor Montezuma II pays a small compensation to the families that lost anything. Centralization is maxed throughout as the people begin to love their warlike king once again.
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of it. We buy more books from China.  We begin building up our military and increasing military development. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. 
  • Oirats D to Golden Horde and China: We hope to launch an expedition on Chagatai and Timurid Empire as they have collapsed. China can get a passage to the West and Golden horde can annex the influenced areas of Chagatai. We hope to split it like this. 
  •  Andorra: We build up our military and economy. Our military sends troops to help out Foix. We want Armagnac to be absorbed into our nation.
    • Foix: We send more special ops troops into Armagnac to kill civilians, troops and pro-French officials. They also burn down all of the local businesses, military bases and churches to send fear into the state. Our military is at the border of Armagnac destroying the French outposts and scouts. Some citizens of Armagnac help us raid the state and try to persuade the state into joining us.
    • Albion Diplomacy: The Crown strongly recommends ceasing hostilities with the French, which if continued could provoke the wrath of the French King. Albion will not intervene, but we will attempt peaceful, diplomatic negotations without the need for useless bloodshed. 
  • The Kingdom of England (member state of the Kingdoms of Greater Albion): English military and navy are expanded with many new war cogs being added to the English fleets. The North Sea trade is almost completely dominated by the North Sea Trading Alliance (Holland and Albion, mostly). Nordic and English culture continues to blend, with stories of the mythical Norse gods becoming popular reading among the wealthy segments of the population. Scotland continues to integrate the government fully with that of England and of Albion in full. Work with the Celts continue in Scotland and Ireland working to bring the two cultures closer together. Albion sends more explorers to Africa, particularly in the OTL regions of Sierra Leone and the Ivory Coast. Edmund Trading Port in OTL Sierra Leone continues to see expansive trade and is renamed Edmundburgh. Due to the damage to the palaces, King Edmund elects to move the seat of Albion temporarily to York while the repairs to central London continues. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. New and larger, more powerful ships are built as well as the Albionic equivalent to the Norse Karak, but with more guns and a slightly larger masthead. English explorers begin to map the coast of Africa for the King, making it down the coast near OTL Gabon. James Severus' famous book, The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past becomes a popular read across the Isles and is shipped abroad with trade merchants, spreading Anglo-Celt culture far and wide. Hearing of the instability in Morocco through traders and through government channels, a small English fleet is detached with an army to be used at the will of Castile and Morocco to help defend the territory. The Albion foreign minister states it is because of religious conviction as well as a concern of instability in the region, that these troops are offered. After decades of construction, the navy now hovers at more than 140 ships from England (Wales and England) alone, with the combined fleets of all of Albion the number is closer to 200, a feat that would not have been possible without the wisdom of the Admiralty. The hope is by the end of the next few decades the fleet size will double. The navy has always been, and will continue to be, a priority of His Majesty's crown government. In Albion, the first books are printed in English, inspiring a nationalistic attitude among the population. several books including The Eddies of Great Albion are translated into English, as well as Gaelic. The Aeneid becomes the first of a string of classical literature printed in the Isles and is distributed throughout.
    • Dublin: After the years of upgrading, Dublin becomes a shining jewel in the Eire. Dublin founds the Bank of Eire as an offshoot of the Bank of England. The Bank of England sees modernization. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past becomes a popular read in Dublin, one of the most important trading ports in Eire. 
    • Wales: The Welsh military and navy are expanded. The Welsh begin to see the fruits of all the English banking investments as large areas of the nation see improvements in infrastructure. Representation in the Albion Parliament increases as a minor population boom in and around Cardiff begins. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North.
  • Chiribaya We continue to improve our road system to increase trade. Due to the increased trade, the quality of life improves.
  • Rumania: The printing press continues to fuel an explosion in demand for scholars and tutors. Hundreds of barely literate boyars seek an education as it becomes fashionable to own and read books. Merchants also capitalize on the invention using it to advertize their wares to the extremely rich. Several print shops open across the nation, and copies of the bible begin to circulate among the boyars. The Patriarchate of Rumania encourages its priests to teach their followers the art of reading; literacy begins to rise extremely slowly across the country. Now 22 Radu I continue to encourage trade and manufacturing. Food stuffs are shipped to Ukraine as a gesture of goodwill. Rumanian gunsmiths and researchers ask the Roman Empire for assistance in developing the secrets of gunpowder and its applications. All development that the Rumanians have in the field will be offered to them in exchange for their own research. The gunsmith Marius Cojocaru attends begins to produce and experiment with weapons, he receives funding from the crown for any discoveries he makes.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: A large fort continues to be constructed on the island in the middle of the harbor of Varna. Roads are paved across the country, allowing for travel. More efforts are placed in connecting the region to Wallachia. Tax breaks are implemented upon the peasantry, in an attempt to gain their loyalty.
  • Netherlands: Economic growth continues as Trade, and production start to pick up heavily with the country following the new administrative and economic structure. Dutch traders through the North Sea Trade League expand thier influence and shares in trade. Amsterdam continues to grow in importance as more and more trade goes through the port city. The Merchant guild sends out the next expedition to Africa this time establishing a small outpost on OTL Eastern Nigeria, and returning with large amounts of ivory, and other goods, another expedition is sent to secure the small trading post,hiring veterans from the Unification war. The Netherlander intellectual circles continue to grow as more and more inventors, artists and philosephers make a name for themselves in the King's court and in the universities of Brussels, Amsterdam, and Nom. The stories of the adventures of dutch and other European explorers continue to circulate amongst different circles of society, with the merchant ships bringing in decent profits from Africa and gaining a name forthemselves more and more captians and merchants wish to get in on the exploration and trading expeditions. Karl authorizes the formation of the Amsterdam Royal Academy of Navigation, which his son Maurice van Nassau takes a great interest in. Karl and his wife have a second son Henry van Nassau. The reformed Church continues to be the dominant faith in the Lowlands as many convert to the new faith. However, the tolerance of Catholics remains due to level minded leaders of the Reformed Church, though relations with Rome remain tense, relations with Western catholics is far better then those with roman catholics, this is thanks to the large trading ties between the dutch and the rest of western Europe. A wallon writer and poet by the name of Louis Badeu gets his hands on printing press and immidaitely finds it a marvel, his works quickly become a success as he manages to produce large amounts of short stories and poetic pieces based on the heroics of the Netherlands Revolt, and the romanticized stories of the great navigators and explorers going along the coast of Africa, further fueling interest in the enterprise. expansion of the ports of the lowlands and of the dams and cannals of the lowlands to make the damage from flooding less severe. 
  • Hesse: With the University of Marburg overflowing quite literally with new students, an effort to build two more are put forth. The University of Ludwigsburg and the University of Frankfurt. Ludwigism successfully ends up capturing the minds of many in the Hesse-Gottingen region, resulting in an outbreak of strict piety being released there. We look at the Netherlands, and begin copying their steps for cultural richness. A fleet of three new ships, exploration ships, are prepared. They shall sail north after hearing of Oldenburg's successful colony of Neu Baltrum. Meanwhile, Munster is vassalized into the nation. Cleves-Mark begins to be vassalized. We accept the long-ignored offer of Hamburg-Copenhagen road network. We begin laying down roads across the Duchy to connect the major cities to the road. We support the revolts in Saxony
  • You can't vassalize Munster in (seemingly) one turn.
  • I have been vassalizing Munster for the allotted time given to me by the mods ... look in the archives
  • You haven't mentioned them once on this page, while Oldenburg on the other hand has.
  • Yeah, no. Oldenburg is closer to vassalizing them than you are and has done a plausible series of steps toward vassalization -Feud
  • If vassalization is over who is closer and who has more influence, etc? Then I should have Wurzburg as a vassal.
  • Um --- no Wurzburg is and should be mine. I literally began vassalizing five years before you began doing so and finished a year after you started. For six turns, I noted that I was vassalizing Wurzburg and I definitely noted how many turns it would take. There's literally no dispute at all over Wurzburg so please let it go. Also remember when I actually made a note of the main page of me saying "Hey, Wurzburg is mine" after you started claiming it as such and you deleted the message? Just pointing that out. - Cookie
  • After an earlier attempt at negotiating an end to the Karelian War in Oddessa ends with nothing accomplished, the Prussian Emperor Karl requests that the warring nations meet in the Prussian capital of Marienburg.
  • Babur's Empire (Mughal Empire): Babur, seeing the problems of the Timurid Empire decides to issue a new law allowing religious freedom and supporting religious and philosophical discussions. He sends Gwalior, Dhundha, Jaisalmer, Kathiawar and Marwar emissaries that will attempt to keep the trade pacts official (NEEDS MOD RESPONSE). As the successor of Timur, Temujin and Draka, Babur is seen as the true heir of the new Empire and uses this to his advantage in order to renew his grasp on the Chagatai Khanate, and sending an ambassador to the Jochid Ulus to straighten the Chagatai concern. Babur issues the creation of woodlock printing press created money with Draka's image on them, in order to honour his predecessor. He also calls upon multiple advisors hailing from different parts of the former Empire to discuss the creation of new laws.
    • Mod response, granted, I suppose.
  • Ottoman Sultanate: The Grand Vizier hears word that the Sultan has signed the treaty, and it is only a matter of time before the terms are set in place. The Grand Vizier sets aside funding for ethnic Turks and any other (former) Ottoman citizen in the Balkans who wish to settle into Anatolia (unless the Coalition has anything against this). Meanwhile, the economy begins to stable, and infrastructure in the Anatolian peninsula improves. The navy is also improved, with many ships being lost or captured. New naval bases are made in Aliaga after Izmir is threatened with being transferred to the Coalition. These new ships begin a tour of the Mediterranean to establish trade routes.
  • Hyrcanian Kingdom: Bavan starts stabilizing the new nation he has founded as well as placing troops on his borders in the case of invasion from the larger nations surrounding the Kingdom. He sends messages to the towns and communities in the Alborz looking for aid as well as towns willing to go under his banner. Bavan sends diplomats to the Safavids asking for peace. Bavan declares himself Shah of Rast (Persian for Resht) and looks to expand his realm into the North along the Caspian Sea. Bavan also declares himself Bavan Bavand, descended from the Bavand dynasty.
  • Safavid Empire Dip: We accept the peace offer
  • UNC: The UNC decides to raze Luneberg rather than keep it. A fire is started as the UNC pillages the city and takes anything of value. In the meantime, the Prussian navy is fought in the Baltics. The Saxon revolts are supported.
  • In the Jochid Ulus, the war continues, with Nizhny continuing to be sieged. However, little progress is made. Some of the soldiers are pushed out of contact and murdered in the Ukraine, as protesters from both the Jochid side and the Muscovite side catch them while sieging Odessa, and destroy the unprepared armies. However, armies withdrawing from Ukraine make it sure that Muscovy cannot take over the territory either. In a show of friendship, Khan Temür-Hachiun gives grain to the Ukrainian political leaders. Hyrcania is offered a hand in friendship, and its sovereignty is assured; influence begins on some of the Central Asian states, as well as Azerbaijan.
    • Great Perm:' the Russian revolt is finally put down.
    • Safavid Persian Empire Dip: We ask for an alliance.
    • Bavand Diplomacy: We accept the offer and also ask for a trade pact between the nations.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: Forces are moved to the Saxon border to prevent conflict there from spilling over into Hamburg. The nation wishes to negotiate an end of the war.
  • Roman Empire: The Roman Empire continues to stalbilze the territories that it has gained from the recent war. Incentives to the Greek brigands continues, and they turn over more and more Turkish Ghazis to the government. With the offer of the Ottomans being taken into effect, most of this Ghazis are returned to the Ottomans rather than executed. Roads and forts are constructed in Thessaly, Thrace and Macedonia, increasing infrastructure. Thessaly is formerly admited as a Despotate, while Macedonia remains under military government. With Thessaly under Roman control, the Roman military begins to train cavalry units once again. Study of the Dutch matchlock firearms continues, and several gunsmiths claim to be able to replicate the mechanism. The Roman Emperor agrees to the Rumanian proposal to colloborate on arms research. Resumed trade continues, and the Empire begins to profit from the resumption thereof, but the pacification efforts in Macedonia do continue to consume vital funds.
    • Albania: Skanderbeg continues to supervise the construction of the main castle at Kukes. Roads also continue to be built in the nation. The training of the national military continues, increasing military. The population continues to increase due to the flight of other Albanians from Roman, Venetian, and Italian regions. Skanderbeg is not sure how to react to such revolts, since they are his people, yet their overlords helped him win independence from the Ottoman Empire.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy continues a larger process of pulling in more money through trade. The Castilians begin to send missionaries into Morocco in hopes of converting populations. The infrastructure of Castile is also expanded more. Castile, in order to facilitate more conversions to Christianity, imposes higher taxes on non-Christians in the areas it controls personally or by proxy through its vassals. Castile has successfully mapped large parts of the African coast south of Morocco and down as far as their settlements in Capo Verde. The developing class in Castile of skilled artisans, merchants, blacksmiths and the like has led to a large increase in productivity of the country with even a few researchers managing to work on new designs - including a more efficient hand cannon which gets its own dedicated corps in the developing Royal army of Castile. The Castilian nobility begins to adapt toward a newer system to revamp or work on their power as they move toward becoming advisors to the king and less involved in their feudal estates which while growing have developed Guilds to facilitate payments for the efforts of the men working, The expert worksmanship of many of these men has seen notable increase in productivity for each feudal state with most lords not complaining. The Kingdom's cities begin to be improved with somewhat better sanitation and the King hires architects to plan out a sewer system, as well as a true plan for multiple major cities. Castile begins a major process of researching the arquebus acquired and develops its own version which is used to replace the hand cannons which is finally finished. The Castilian navy, using the Canaries as a base, continually explore the area and discover a new island chain, the closest island is able to be settled and a small settlement springs up on the islands and is built up and styled as a resupply base. Capo Verde now fully settled is continually built up to accommodate Castile's military, navy and exploratory fleets The construction of a new kind of warship with cannons is completed - a heavy warship much more powerful than most other ships of the time. The King notices the heavily increased productivity and income flow due to his hands off policy and non-interference and begins to allow artists, minstrels and other artistic and scientific minds to become more prevalent in Castile, many believe the Castilian Renaissance is imminent. Castile, due to its naval range, high income, extensive and dominant trade network, becomes one of the largest and most dynamic trade empires of the Atlantic and Western Mediterranean. The Castilian navy with its new heavy warships and some new updated designs for older ships organizes a heavy royal fleet phasing out past organizations. The Royal army of Castile has now almost wholly replaced the previous feudalistic military forces and has a size of nearly 50,000 and growing thanks in part to the good funding being provided by the king. In order to make up for lost power the King as behest of his new wife, and several of his friends who are nobles create a king's advisory council which officially has the power of the king in many matters if authorized. The men are also given station to criticize the kings actions to keep him from going crazy with power. The Knights Hospitaller are moved more into Castile with their professional fighting strength and religious zeal used to patrol the borders of Castile's Gibraltar province. The Knights are also given the authority to police the majority Christian Tangiers now, and effectively prevent many Muslims from coming over the border to wreak havoc. Castile begins considering opening up talks to relieve Granada of a primarily Christian province and a possible problem in the future for the country and giving it to the Knights Hospitaller to set up a kingdom or set up their organization in the area. King John secretly does this with the willing knights who have left Cyprus to prevent channelling their religious zeal into border patrolling. Castile's navy, now heavily funded and expanded greatly, reaches a large amount of combat and tradeworthy ships and with its trade from Oyo, and various supply bases establishes military and trade dominance over the West African areas as well as its locality in the Mediterranean. The Castilian trade dominance in West Africa remains unbudged as Castile directly owns and has the majority of the gold and ivory trades coming out of West and North Africa. Castile's population reaches around 5.2 million and growing. (I have been focusing heavily on growth of population and have not been involved in nearly the amount of destructive wars as OTL Castile has been). The Castilian Renaissance reaches its full swing with art and scientific advancement being allowed by the State as many of the religious fanatics and dissidents are fighting in Morocco, along with this, the highly respected middle and artisan classes are able to afford a much better living with various artists painting great works and with one even gaining an audience with the royal family for a painting. The Castilian navy reaches a large force of nearly 550 ships using the huge funding from Castile's conquests, trading, and other situation to fund this navy.   The technology of the Castilian navy is improved heavily as the king begins to focus more on the quality of his ships rather than the quantity which results in better quality ships (like an early carrack and my previously developed pre-galleon). The exploration continues just below the Kongo as the Castilian exploration parties manage to gather supplies from the Kongo's friendlier tribes. These exploratory parties have reached OTL southern and a little bit farther south but supply constraints and lack of knowledge of the area prevents further progress. Castile begins sending missionaries to the Kongo to convert the Friendlier tribes which is relatively successful. Castile continues to convert to the western church with the king and his royal family attempting to preach about the new church and its benefits to the common man and not keeping them in the dark. This continued outright preaching causes an issue as a secret assassin attempts to kill King John of Castile. The Inquisition into the plotting nobles ends with the Castilian court and King John managing to not only oust several problematic nobles but install new fiercly loyal nobles. The conversion to the Western/Consuete Church continues with a relative majority accepting following the issues with nobility.  The Castilian navy with new ships replacing the old ones begins military drills for preparedness and experience.  Castilian naval ships continue the blockade of Granada to prevent an interrupt in trade and prevent undesirables from interfering in the Granadan Civil war. Castile brings in or sends all children for their royal marriages, etc. Castile declares war once again in Morocco and requests English assistance (troops are already there) Siege equipment as well as nearly 20,000 assorted troops are sent (these troops are some sent by Morocco and Granada as well making up a core Castilian army). The Castilian armed forces definitely begin a major conflict in Morocco to crush it and finally take the rest of the country for Christendom. The battle is successful and along with the English and other Christian troops the Coalition slaughters the remainder of the Moroccan military and begins a dedicated push on their remaining major cities going as far as burning the city of Fez almost to the ground.
    • Kingdom of Granada: The Kingdom of Granada is formed with quick help thanks to Castile and the kingdom begins to recruit local Christians to help fight in the army. The economy, while meager, is growing. However, the country focuses heavily on fighting the Civil war at hand organizing areas beyond the area of control to help gain Christian allies as they begin to kill Muslim forces. The Civil war is far from over (they expanded this turn due to Castile forming them.) The Kingdom is formed in a relatively common way as the Muslims are currently being fought as what is deemed "hispanic tradition."  The Kingdom itself is relatively successful in fighting the Muslims in its general locale and has secure its main territory just offset from Gibraltar relatively easily. The Kingdom itself has King John as the king supreme with a Prince like Morocco. The Prince of Granada is a Castilian noble named Juan Cortez who is extremely biased against Muslims due to his father's death in the original war against Morocco over Gibraltar. Many of the Muslims within the new kingdom's borders are put to the sword and periodic raids and support parties are sent out to help Christian forces fight in the disorganized lands. The kingdom itself expands 5000 sq km through Granada and begins securing the area heavily in order to enclose the country and prevent outside aid of any sort from flooding in. This secures most of the west and the entire border sections of the country. The Kingdom of Granada sends limited military support to Castile.
    • Kingdom of the Canaries: The Canaries are able to build upon the multiple viable settlements and a moderately sized and growing population. The Canaries, finally completely covering the islands, begins to send moderately sized fleets that are resupplied from the islands and from Castile to continually explore the area. The Canaries help supply settlers and fleets moving to Capo Verde. The governor reaffirms his support for King John.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: King Matthias of Cyprus has twin sons, both of which are sent to Castile for tutoring until they are old enough. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller West to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. King Matthias is killed in religious riots in Cyprus leaving his highly capable son in charge. This new King Fernando a half Cypriot, half Castilian man reigns in the riots relatively quickly and with decisive action solves their issue. The King himself being from some of the Western Catholic Sect has openly converted and challenges the conspirators of the riots to try again and see what happens. When another riot is organized in later months the King himself leads the Cypriot army and police and seizes the ring leaders preventing further rioting. This King swears his loyalty to King John and his mother's homeland of Castile.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The less fortunate and disenfranchized are converted. The Kingdom itself is a Christian kingdom with a similar situation of early Castile and Aragon, with large amounts of Muslims and a small amount of Christians. However, the Christian community in Morocco is expanded in thanks to the influx of traders and settlers from Castile and some other immigrants looking for an opportunity to live a new life here. The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area.  The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable amount of Castilians settle the area. While Christians remain the minority the kingdom of Morocco sets up various churches and allows preachers to roam around and convert people. The Kingdom begins to push toward integration of the city of Tangiers into the kingdom. This would give the Kingdom two important cities. Heavy taxes are imposed on Muslim traders in order to facilitate conversions to Christianity while lower more friendly taxes are given to Christian merchants. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Knights Hospitaller finally calm down from their overly religious conquest and begin to allow effective administration of the country. This is due in part to their losses and their lack of adaptation to Castile's budding new national religion. The Kingdom itself shows a relative increase in tensions with the remainder of Morocco due to border issues. This may indeed escalate into a full scale war due to issues stemming between the new Christian kingdoms continued push for legitimacy in the Christian world. Prince Adelmo the leader of Morocco previously very shadowy makes a public statement reaffirming his support for King John. The Knights Hospitaller in the country begin to die off due to old age, lack of recruitment and the very dangerous border raids and Muslim village raids they conduct bringing their numbers to barely 1000. The Kingdom's army proper raised by immigrant Christians now numbers about 4000 itself and is expected to grow. The Kingdom of Morocco sends military support to Castile.
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. We upgrade infrastructure, as do our vassals.
  • Pskov Is abhored with the Razing of cities performed by the UNC. Pskovian controlled territory in Finland continues to grow centered around Turku and Provoo. Propaganda about how the Swedes will start razing every city they take amps up Pskov's military strength via volunteers, and, due to books and printing presses, news gets around quickly. Meanwhile, more philosophical books are distributed around russia gaining pskov money and pushing the renaissance in russia forward with exponential force. 
  • Trier: We upgrade our military and economy. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne, and Austria and her vassals. We dedicate this turn to infrastructure expansion, building several defenses, and roads to link towns across the nation. Fortifications around our capital are improved and updated.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund leads his armies back home, as the men go home from a very successful campaign against the Ottoman Empire. Due to a huge co-ordinated war, the Ottomans were completely pushed out of Europe. The Serbian men who survive conscription are converted into standing armies which will be sent north into Poland to help bolster defences and rebuild defence fortifications and such. Since the defeat of Poland almost 50 years ago, the lands have remained unprotected as money could not be spent on re-building defences. With the recent conquest and plunder, money has been gained which will be used to help Poland bolster defences. Serbian men are also forced into labour to rebuild many of the caputred castles and defenses by the Hungarian soldiers and are thus sent southward to do so. Seeing the gap opening up, Dalmatians are encouraged by the crown to move south and take up the spaces left open. Some monetary incentives are also provided as as a result many farmers and merchants move for a better life. The more experienced farmers help to put in place much better farming practices from their local regions - as they know how to farm the land better. Only time will tell whether this will be a productive move. Stored grains are used when they are needed, and prove to be a winning system. In the times of war, the stored grains help peasants feed themselves and keeps discontent down for now. For the construction of the new, large ships, extra manpower from Serbia arrives - greatly reducing manpower costs and speeding up construction. This will allow the crown to make more ships for the same amount of money. More large ships are constructed in the dockyards in Croatia. This helps to boost the military power of the navy, and these ships are soon sent south to go patrolling. More equipment for the soldiers is produced in forges and this will help arm more soldiers. Seeing the largening iron and steel demands, trading for those resources is increased in exchange for grains. With growing numbers of ships arriving from docks, the fleet off the coast strengthens and is now re-organised into a naval division. The first of its kind for Hungary, it is a major step on the way for the Hungarian Navy to becoming more powerful. Merchant ships now use Byzantine ports to trade and earn money in, helping expand the influence of Hungarian merchants. Trading with Zeta continues in ernest. The checkpoint castles are a great help in housing troops which are patrolling routes of both nations as well as wealthy and influential merchants and nobles travelling between the nations. The upgrading of the border castles begin and thousands of unemployed peasants are drafted in to build the extensions and speed it up due to large numbers being used. Poland now sees greater economic growth as their economy is not only stable but able to grow rapidly on its own. The King of Poland listens more and more to his Hungarian advisors, with all the advise helping his nation grow even stronger economically as more and more money is invested in trading stalls and merchentile systems as well as the construction fo roads and such. This only serves to strengthen the Hungarian position and Poland now begins to fall under greater influence of Hungary. The Polish army now begins to grow in strength once more, and thus begin training in larger groups. Missionaries begin to preach the word of god and distribute bibles to those who can read in a bid to convert secret pagans to Christiandom and show them the light of god. Both nations now see a large amount of trade conducted within each others' borders and this makes the merchants learn of each other's languages. Many become fluent in Polish while other fluent in Hungarian. In the border regions, a mixture of the languages begin to develop as it becomes more convenient for speakers and tradesmen. Large irrigation channels have been created by workers, helping to expand the regions of farmland under the control of the crown. The King once more assumes control over court matters. With the Treaty of Adrianople, many new lands have been gained by the Crown and these are soon put to good use, with Serbian workers being dictated to build irrigation channels and reconstruct roads which have been damaged or which do not exist at all. This has lead to the depopulation of many villages - a space which will be filled by arriving Dalmatian farmers and merchants as they help boost the economy. The Crown Prince currently stays in Roman territories as his forces help to keep control over newly captured lands as well as build further links with the Romans.
  • The Kingdom of Croatia continues to see a large trading boom occur within the nation as it becomes the gates of the Hungarian realms and helps to attract customers and merchants to the nation as well as Hungary. Wartime had brought about a boom in trading as supplies are now in greater demand, allowing merchants to grow richer by selling their goods. However, demand for certain materials tails off while continues and even increases for other materials. The dockyards cut the wood and build the large fighting vessels for the Crown, as requested by the king himself. More large ships are constructed and drain the Ottomans of their merchantile resources. A tariff for merchants trading is also in place but it is put at favourable levels with none for the Venetians due to the new alliance between the states and the amount of trading between them. Venetian traders are a common sight in Croatian ports, helping to bring in much revenue. Many Croat knights fight for the crown in the south - earning glory and helping the Hungarian cause.
  • In Garay, roads need to be remade due to their worsening condition and thus workers are drafted in to fix up the roads. Many nobles from Garay gain land and they use this land to help increase crop yields as well as the amount of trading ongoing between each of the nobles. The money is sent as taxes and used to upgrade the standings of the nobles themselves. Many men are also trained in military combat to make them more effective foot-soldiers. The members of the Garay Family return home from the war after two years since the war officially ended. The King begins to think on whether or not marrying off one of his daughters to the Garai noble.
  • In Split, the nobles begin to work on creating standing armies to manage and controlling their lands. Castles continue being built in the vassal while many old ones are completely torn apart and their land allocated for peasants. The soldiers of the nobles who were executed are distributed between the present nobles and they quickly begin to adapt - training with their new fighting partners. The nation trains its knights hard and trains commoners too.
  • Bosnia: also sees a lot of economic and military growth. The nation begins to organise its own soldiers under the command of nobles who take part in knight competitions to increase their skill set while readying forces in case they are called up to defend the lands. Bosnia is used as a large base for the attacks against the Ottoman Empire, with a large portion of forces in the country present to rest and heal from battles.
  • Banu Sulaym sees a lot of trading posts being set up while the Hungarian traders force the Emir of the nation to make it more tolerant so trading can easier occur and the people can live better lives. Many Muslims feel this is not good, but none can complain as soon as the ports begin to busscle with merchants who are buying and selling goods at a rapid rate. The vassal begins to develop economically. The nation continues to grow in trading and it opens new ports. Many begin to think that expanding inward could also be a good idea as it would help make the borders safer. The Emir finally agrees to it after building up resources for it. The nation expands 4000 km inland.
  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The relation with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continue to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc. The reconstruction of the south part of Italy continue, will take like five four to restore the ports and cities. After a meeting with the Pope in Rome, King Charles I and his counterpart King Peter III, accepted the cession of the island of Malta for the creation of a new military-religious, the Order of the Knights of Malta, with the purpose of fight against those who disbelieve, help the needy and bring the word of God to every corner of the world. King supports the uprising in Saxony.
    • Kingdom of Sicily: King Peter III sends aid to rebuild damaged cities and ports in southern Italy. Meanwhile, the army continue the process of assimilation of Italian tactics that spread through the Mediterranean, promoting the use of early firearms. The economy of the island is mostly cereal crops. Thanks to Italian support the exploitation of olives and wine grapes continues. The King accept the Creation of the Order of Malta.
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continue. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies; is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy in one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continue the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy. Due to problems that occurred with the Ottoman debacle, and the rise of small groups of rebels within our territory, the military is mobilized to deal with the peasants and defeat them, without Italian support.
    • Vatican City: Pope Calixtus III continue the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope like his predecessor condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The Pope in his speeches also continues condemning the current lack of security of pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, which the Christian nations have a priority to recover these places and they are missing to the will of God. The nephew of Pope Callistus III, Rodrigo Borgia, was appointed cardinal deacon, beginning his ascent in the Roman curia. Meanwhile, the king Charles I have a meeting with the Pope in Rome, where they discuss topics on the privileges of the nobility and clergy control. To calm tensions decided to create a military religious order, which is co-dependent of the Pope and the Kingdom of Italy, and at the same time as a gesture of good faith, King Charles I accepts grant a permanent stay to Rodrigo Borgia in his court
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite do their job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. The merchants that continually travel between Kohm, Aoch and Ava continue to allow for some of the populations of those nations to continue to convert to Islam. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. Work continues on improving the hand cannon design. The Sultan begins to send forth state-sponsored traders into Ava and the former lands of Arakan, with tales of success for Islamic farmers and traders that overshadows anything done by Hindu or Buddhist farmers or traders. Due to the continued Islamization of the former lands of Arakan and the Kingdom of Ava, the Sultan sends forth many envoys to convince local leaders to convert to Islam in areas where Islam now has a majority, such as major trading cities. Several military exercises are conducted by the Sultan in order to effectively understand different battle strategies, leading him to decide to keep the bow as an integral part of his armies, alongside cannons and hand cannons.
    • Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslims settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom declares himself to be King of Assam, also called Kamarupa in this time since he now controls his grandson's lands which were the Maharaja of Koch.
  • Kingdom of Georgia (and allies): Georgia, Armenia and Assyria expand their militaries; Rani and Amier-Kavkasia expand their economies.
  • 'Prussia": Prussia celebrates the end of the Karelian War.

1457

Several states form in the disorganized Ukraine. Kiev, Chernigov, Volhynia and the Azovan Khanate stabilize from the disorder. 

Court intrigue collapses the Mashriqi Sultanate after the death of the Sultan. Rival factions scramble for power as the Mashriqi successors of the late Sultan and the neglected and deposed Mamluke warrior class begins to fight over the nation. 

Seeing the success of Christians in exiling Ottoman government from the area, Serbs and Bulgarians look for their own independent kingdoms. Not wanting to leave dominance by one (Muslim) empire to enter into the hands of another (Catholic) one, the Serbians expel Hungarian troops from their territory. The Bulgarians soon follow suit, after a milagrous defeat of Romanian troops in Varna.

Christian Granadans take the upper hand on the conflict in the nation. Soon taking the capital city and Almería, they request the Castillans would once again exert their influence on them. The Muslims are slowly pushed into the Alpujarra Mountains.

The Quimbaya begin farming the potato by this time. Their population quickly grows. The Quimbaya Kingdom centralises, and goldsmiths grow hugely.

After the murder of a  Christian man's young daughter, Hypatia, by Muslim crowds, the Christians rise up in arms in Alexandria from the surrounding areas. They expel the remnant authority of the Mamluks in the city, and request all Christian nations to help them assure the “rights of the People of Christ”. The Copts and other Christians begin to seek to regain control over nearby Egyptian regions and seek help from any Christian nation.

Not that it impacts me any more but ... there are no Mamluks in Alexandria. They were all expelled by the Amir, as they were in most Amirates in the Mashriqi state. But, like I said it no longer impacts me. ~Rex

Inspired by the Copts in the north, Christians in the southernmost region of the Mamluk nation (in the Ethiopian region) rebel against the Mamluks. However, they are met with fierce opposition from the Muslims and they engage in bloody stalemate.

The Satanic Cult of Islam fades out as most of its practitioners are executed by governments and vigilantes alike. Simultaneously, a sect with the intent of restoring traditional Sunnism rebels against the government religion, heavily twisted and even daring to rewrite the Qu'ran. The traditional Sunnis and the Copts team up to attack the Mamluks. The Sunnis are based primarily out of the Hejaz region, where they seize Medina from Mamluk - or whatever Rex calls it - control.

Frederick von Wettin, after not being granted significant lands in the Saxon tradition of property division among male heirs, raises a private army to secure a home for his line. Supported by local lords in Saxony (S), Frederick declares the Landgrave of Thuringia to be independent (military: 5, economy: 5, infrastructure: 5) and begins preparing to defend against any possible invasion. 

  • The Hungarian King Sigismund knows once more he will have to travel to the south and put the situation back at peace. He gathers up his army once more and leads them back south - with vengence on his mind this time. He will not spare the rebels for their audacity and promises to bring them to justice. Many Serbian conscripts suddenly seize their chance and rebel against the crown in an attempt to create their own state free from the Hungarians. Many nobles blame the creation of the Serbian standing army - blamed on the king by these traitorous nobles. However, the King has bigger problems and leads his soldiers into battles against the troublesome Serbs. However, the larger Serbian conscription force is in Poland, and is forced to continue to keep working as the Polish have superior numbers which could completely destroy them. Serbian men gone southward have to keep reconstructing the castles and defenses as they have no choice and cannot head northward to join the rebellion. Many arriving Dalmatians are attacked by the Serbian forces brutally. This leads to many of them becoming into brigands to survive and these harass and hit the Serbian soldiers hard. Stored grains are used when they are needed, and prove to be a winning system. In the times of war, the stored grains help peasants feed themselves and keeps discontent down for now. For the construction of the new, large ships, extra manpower from Serbia arrives - greatly reducing manpower costs and speeding up construction. This will allow the crown to make more ships for the same amount of money. More large ships are constructed in the dockyards in Croatia. This helps to boost the military power of the navy, and these ships are soon sent south to go patrolling. More equipment for the soldiers is produced in forges and this will help arm more soldiers. Seeing the largening iron and steel demands, trading for those resources is increased in exchange for grains. With growing numbers of ships arriving from docks, the fleet off the coast strengthens and the naval division begins to expand its range of operations quickly in case there is a threat from the sea. Merchant ships now use Byzantine ports to trade and earn money in, helping expand the influence of Hungarian merchants. Trading with Zeta continues in earnest. The checkpoint castles are a great help in housing troops which are patrolling routes of both nations as well as wealthy and influential merchants and nobles travelling between the nations. The upgrading of the border castles continues quickly and thousands of unemployed peasants are drafted to build the extensions and speed it up due to large numbers being used. Much of it is almost completed and not much remains to be done. It is hoped to be completed by early next year and will become very large and will be able to house many soldiers. Poland now sees greater economic growth as their economy is not only stable but able to grow rapidly on its own. The King of Poland listens more and more to his Hungarian advisors, with all the advise helping his nation grow even stronger economically as more and more money is invested in trading stalls and merchentile systems as well as the construction fo roads and such. This only serves to strengthen the Hungarian position and Poland now begins to fall under greater influence of Hungary. The Polish army now begins to grow in strength once more, and thus begin training in larger groups. Poland agrees to send its forces to help out Hungary. This will help to rest Polish soldiers and how well they can fight a war - it will be a real test as their army has not been used since the War of Polish Breakup. Missionaries begin to preach the word of god and distribute bibles to those who can read in a bid to convert secret pagans to Christendom and show them the light of god. Both nations now see a large amount of trade conducted within each others' borders and this makes the merchants learn of each other's languages. Many become fluent in Polish while other fluent in Hungarian. In the border regions, a mixture of the languages begin to develop as it becomes more convenient for speakers and tradesmen. Large irrigation channels have been created by workers, helping to expand the regions of farmland under the control of the crown. The King once more assumes control over court matters. Many lands gained in the Treaty of Adrianople are now in open revolt and the King intends to keep the lands he has fought hard to gain. Many of the irrigation projects begun are left uncompleted as the men flee. The Crown Prince hears of the events occuring in Serbia, and quickly mobilises his forces and moves northward to hit the Serbian forces in the rear and divert their flegling armies into a two-front campaign against the Hungarians. The King hopes to knock the Serbians through this. The King also orders his military fleet to move into Karaman and help to bring peace and control into the region, hoping to do this smoothly by exploiting the chaos within the Mamulk troops and gain control over the region. The Hungarians begin to influence (1 of 8) Karaman, trying to exploit the potential of gaining another state to set up merchant ports in and expand Hungarian influence by supporting merchants and Christians alike as well as making sure no one Emir gains the upper hand.
  • Rumanian Dipolmacy: We accept the alliance against the Rebels, and also accept the research agreement. Hungarian supplies would be welcome in exchange for the developments made by Rumanian gunsmiths and scholars.
    • The Kingdom of Croatia continues to see a large trading boom occur within the nation as it becomes the gates of the Hungarian realms and helps to attract customers and merchants to the nation as well as Hungary. Wartime had brought about a boom in trading as supplies are now in greater demand, allowing merchants to grow richer by selling their goods. However, demand for certain materials tails off while continues and even increases for other materials. The dockyards cut the wood and build the large fighting vessels for the Crown, as requested by the king himself. More large ships are constructed and drain the Ottomans of their merchantile resources. A tariff for merchants trading is also in place but it is put at favourable levels with none for the Venetians due to the new alliance between the states and the amount of trading between them. Venetian traders are a common sight in Croatian ports, helping to bring in much revenue. Many Croat knights fight for the crown in the south - earning glory and helping the Hungarian cause.
    • In Garay, roads need to be remade due to their worsening condition and thus workers are drafted in to fix up the roads. Many nobles from Garay gain land and they use this land to help increase crop yields as well as the amount of trading ongoing between each of the nobles. The money is sent as taxes and used to upgrade the standings of the nobles themselves. Many men are also trained in military combat to make them more effective foot-soldiers. The members of the Garay Family return home from the war after two years since the war officially ended. The King meets with the Garai noble as the armies head southward and tells him he will be giving him the opportunity to marry one of his daughters. The noble has heard of the beauty of the King's eldest daughter and knows she is two four years younger than he is. He agrees to marry the King's eldest daughter when he gets back from the South after fighting off the Serbs.
    • In Split, the nobles begin to work on creating standing armies to manage and controlling their lands. Castles continue being built in the vassal while many old ones are completely torn apart and their land allocated for peasants. The soldiers of the nobles who were executed are distributed between the present nobles and they quickly begin to adapt - training with their new fighting partners. The nation trains its knights hard and trains commoners too. They move southward to fight the Serbs.
    • Bosnia: also sees a lot of economic and military growth. The nation begins to organise its own soldiers under the command of nobles who take part in knight competitions to increase their skill set while readying forces in case they are called up to defend the lands. Bosnia is used as a large base for the attacks against the Ottoman Empire, with a large portion of forces in the country present to rest and heal from battles. Bosnian soldiers are sent southward to help quell the rebellion in Serbia.
    • Banu Sulaym sees a lot of trading posts being set up while the Hungarian traders force the Emir of the nation to make it more tolerant so trading can occur more easily and the people can live better lives. Many Muslims feel this is not good, but none can complain as soon as the ports begin to bussle with merchants who are buying and selling goods at a rapid rate. The vassal begins to develop economically. The nation continues to grow in trading and it opens new ports. Many begin to think that expanding inward could also be a good idea as it would help make the borders safer. The Emir finally agrees to it after building up resources for it. The nation expands 4000 km inland.
  • Safavid Persian Empire: This new Satanic cult is rejected by Shi'ite Muslims in the area. We build up the nation's infrastructure by adding to towns in any way possible. An imperial mansion south of Isfahan is constructed with guards heavily guarding it. At the opening of this mansion late in the year, the Shah proclaims "Persia is eternal, Persia is Forever!", to the rejoice of a crowd. With the news of the Mashriqui collapse, many call for the annexation of Mesopotamia to influence shia islam and persian culture as well as have strategic position on the fertile crescent. With this we begin heavily influencing the area, using missionaries spreading "the true islamic way". the Bavars to the north are declared peaceful but some are still wary of the nation. Trade with the former nations that made up the Mamluk begins. We begin trade ships in the Persian Gulf.
  • UNC: The UNC, weary after a six-year war, drafts the Treaty of St Patriksburg to end hostilities with Novgorod, Hamburg, Prussia, and Austria. The Golden Horde is offered a place on the treaty as the UNC prepares to wrap up the war. In the meantime, news of Pskov's propaganda against the UNC reaches the king. The king issues a statement saying, "If the Pskovians care so much about what we do, perhaps its time we take an interest in their affairs." The straits between Sweden and Denmark are closed to all Pskovian ships.
    • The Hungarian King Sigismund sends an envoy to the UNC asking if a few military vessels of Hungary would be allowed to dock in UNC ports and re-supply. He hopes to help support an ally in these troubling times and gain supplies for his ships in the meanwhile.
    • UNC Dip: Feel free to do so! The straits are only closed to Pskov.
    • Hungary: Sees the UNC willingness and hopes to take co-operation a step farther. Sigismund offers to buy land on lease in the Shetlands, Faroe Islands and Jutland in Denmark and build trading ports for Hungarian ships to start off with and eventually open it up to all other traffic. Hungary will pay for the land the ports are built on, build the ports themselves and also pay taxes for the ports. Not only will this help to generate revenue for the UNC, it would also help Hungarian merchants trade in Northern Europe with more ease.
    • UNC: The UNC will accept in return for land in Dalmatia
    • Hungary: accepts the terms and quickly gives the UNC land which they can use to build their own port off the coast of Hungary. Sigismund hopes this will better relations between the two nations even further.
  • Aragon continues to build up its navy, economy and infrastructure. Meanwhile, the nobility continues to be patrons of the arts - unlike the nobles in most of the other uncultured nations of Europe. Furthermore, Aragon's trade prowess increases as does its expanse of knowledge. With the shift to the Consuete now finalized, the age of free thinking continues and new scientific discoveries are made. Aragon continues to seek trade agreements with the Dutch who can not even see their own name in boldface. Furthermore, Aragon continues to fortify its two ports on the Navarrese coast. Aragon sends diplomats to France to see if Aragon could purchase a few Atlantic ports or rent them at great cost due to Aragon's wealth. Art and science continue to flourish as they have for the last twenty+ years and ideas continue to be brought back from far off lands.
  • Hesse: Immediately after we receive news of the Thuringian rebellion and the declaration of independence by Thuringia, we transfer our troops from Bremen to Thuringia to put down the rebellions. Prince Ludwig II leads the army. We request help from Hamburg, The Netherlands, and the UNC to purge the rebellion. Troops are pressed into service from around the Duchy to also deal with this. Ludwig I falls ill to madness, meanwhile, the universities around the Duchy are completed. We send entire exploration fleet of five ships northward to where the Oldenburgers found their island. After months of voyaging, the ships spot an island, and sail to it. When they arrive, they discover it is cold, and snowy, with some flora and fauna. A couple of men who were sent to the island are mauled by a large, white bear. They then name the place 'Weiß Tod Insel' or 'White Death Island'. They make camp, and plant a Hessian flag, before sailing back to the port to which they came in Denmark. We ask the UNC for rights to dock at their ports in Norway, and also ask for access to the Oldenburger island's port in the north. We tell the Oldenburgers about our new island colony.
    • UNC Dip: Upon the signing of the Treaty of St Patriksburg, the UNC will donate troops to end this rebellion.
    • Pskov Dip: Do not agree to their demands, we are winning, the Treaty of Odessa should be signed ... or replace the text of St Patriksburg...
    • The UNC and the Horde won the war ... -Feud
    • ummmm ... no ... they didn't, just read the discussion and all that is wrong with the Algorithm and ... right, by ignoring all evidence to the contrary, you decide unilaterally that you won, gotcha ...
    • That awkward moment when Feud isn't even involved in the war, but you state "you won" as if his bias was a determining factor or something ...
    • I was trying to allude to the fact that that section on the talk page has been simply ignored for the past few days and then MS got banned so it got doubly ignored ...
    • Actually guys, check the Algorithm, there are actually ten missing points, those are Novgorod's Infrastructure points, that can't be disputed, and there's the fact that the singular UNC fights as six nations, that Vassals are fighting as Normal Leaders, and it is unclear how the 1.25 fits into it at all ... all this ignored by everyone ... just ignored ... not read, just left there and pretended it doesn't exist ...
    • Lx, that's been addressed on the talk page. We had a very long discussion about that on chat as well.
    • We've been discussing this all week long, and you don't lose anything ... can't we just agree that a decision made by the mods after a L-O-N-G and grueling discussion is correct?
    • Nothing has been addressed. No decision I'm aware of has been made. There is nothing on the talk page addressing the errors in the algorithm, there is simply me pointing out flaws and ... silence. Russia and Austria won fair and square. Crim edited an algo on lockdown then banned MS for reverting his edits to ensure his cheating is unopposed
    • Wow, more accusations. Lovely. This never gets old. Lx, if you're going to get involved in a war, stay in touch with your allies and keep up with these arguments. If you are unable or unwilling to do do, you don't get to accuse us of bias and you don't get to declare what hasn't been addressed. Not only is that crap wrong, but I've explained time and again why Ms received his ban. Don't accuse me of that crap. I'm sick of it ...
      • ​Razor and Ed have dropped off the radar, MS got banned. I could never find IATG on chat, so tell me, how could I "stay in touch with my allies" if my allies are banned or MIA? Also, where in the talk page is any of this addressed, just tell me ... I don't know the whole story, but it seems that you edited the algo that was on LOCKDOWN (i.e. nobody involved can edit, and you are involved), and then reverted the Novgorod Infrastructure points, boosted your own, and kept Novgorod's "0" in Military and Economic, without adding its Infrastructure points ... it should be (mil, eco, infra) 0, 0, 15 and you put 0, 0, 5 ... and then you banned MS. If it was LG who instituted the ban in the first place instead of just extending it there would be no problem, but now he can't even tell anybody what is going on ... however, I acknowledge that there may have been some part in all this that I am not aware of, something that happened behind the scenes, MS harrasing you nonstop or the likes (and that is not so hard to believe), but for a guy looking from the side, I am saying what it looks like ... and the rest of my allies are simply MIA, missing, disappeared into thin air ... so tell me again, why were the grievances not addressed?
      • Here's a post that addresses the inadequacy of the algorithm:
        •  I noticed an error in the algorithm. Novgorod upgraded infrastructure every turn, but I think it was accidently counted as 5. For infrastructure I should have 15, while military and economy both zero. Military and economy for our side become 172/112=1.5 and 138/112=1. Do I have permission to edit the algorithm, or can authorized personnel fix this? Thanks...Razor the Razor[1] 14:11, March 26, 2014 (UTC)
        • The military and economic were changed, but for some reason, the infrastructure stayed the same ... interesting, seeing as that could change the course of the war ... also, vassals as leaders and single nation ...
    • What is the OTL name of "Weiss Tod Insel"? (I personally think "Eisbär Insel" would be a more ... positive name for the island). I do believe it has been generally agreed that landlocked countries are not permitted to colonise, but I will bring it up with the other mods. (By the way, Oldenburg happily gives all ships flying the Hessian flag permission to use Neu Baltrum as a base. Only a token tax will be levied (enough to buy feed for the pigs)) Callumthered (talk) 07:47, March 30, 2014 (UTC)
      • @Callum, the OTL name is Bear Island, and I am not landlocked. I have two ports given to me on two separate treaties. I also asked Sine for permission, then told MS about it and they both were fine with me having the colony. Blocky858 (talk) 15:55, March 30, 2014 (UTC)
      • Oh, okay. Beg your pardon I was just looking at the map, so couldn't tell you had the ports. In that case, I also have no problem with it. Callumthered (talk) 21:01, March 30, 2014 (UTC)
    • Per the issue revolving around the Karelian war, Lx: if you continue to be accusatory and don't follow the point I suggested by TAKING ALL ISSUES TO THE TALK PAGE then I will not hesitate to ban you from the game'''' for one day. I said this behaviour was unacceptable PERIOD. I do not care about your personal opinion on this war but as the impartial mod that had absolutely ZERO stake in this war (Castile, my nation, has good relations with both the UNC and Austria hence disqualifying me from having bias toward either side) and OOC, I could care less who wins. MS acknowledged that this was a problem and he has in fact explained this and that the ban by LG was an unforeseen extension that surprised all of us. As for allies disappearing if they decide not to help you for whatever reason (the player says screw it, or the they are no longer involved for whatever reason, I'm thinking the former) Then you were abandoned just like Czechoslovakia was before WW2 essentially abandoned by the people guaranteeing its independence. Now regardless, this whole war has been a problem and from now on there is a new algo that is essentially undisputable since I'm supposed to be moderating over all the crazy big algos like this. Regardless, the war is over. If you have complaints then I will hear them on the talk page CIVILLY, and continues complaints here will result in consequences. -Feud
  • Zapotec: Emperor Tlaco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. The economy booms with trade as a result of the roads. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan continues expanding into the surrounding city-states north along the gulf coast.
    • Copy pasting for Cour -Feud
  • Castile: The Castilian economy continues a larger process of pulling in more money through trade. The Castilians begin to send missionaries into Morocco in hopes of converting populations. The infrastructure of Castile is also expanded more. Castile, in order to facilitate more conversions to Christianity, imposes higher taxes on non-Christians in the areas it controls personally or by proxy through its vassals. Castile has successfully mapped large parts of the African coast south of Morocco and down as far as their settlements in Capo Verde. The developing class in Castile of skilled artisans, merchants, blacksmiths and the like has led to a large increase in productivity of the country with even a few researchers managing to work on new designs - including a more efficient hand cannon which gets its own dedicated corps in the developing Royal army of Castile. The Castilian nobility begins to adapt toward a newer system to revamp or work on their power as they move toward becoming advisors to the king and less involved in their feudal estates which while growing have developed Guilds to facilitate payments for the efforts of the men working, The expert worksmanship of many of these men has seen notable increase in productivity for each feudal state with most lords not complaining. The Kingdom's cities begin to be improved with somewhat better sanitation and the King hires architects to plan out a sewer system, as well as a true plan for multiple major cities. Castile begins a major process of researching the arquebus acquired and develops its own version which is used to replace the hand cannons which is finally finished. The Castilian navy, using the Canaries as a base, continually explore the area and discover a new island chain, the closest island is able to be settled and a small settlement springs up on the islands and is built up and styled as a resupply base. Capo Verde now fully settled is continually built up to accommodate Castile's military, navy and exploratory fleets The construction of a new kind of warship with cannons is completed - a heavy warship much more powerful than most other ships of the time. The King notices the heavily increased productivity and income flow due to his hands off policy and non-interference and begins to allow artists, minstrels and other artistic and scientific minds to become more prevalent in Castile, many believe the Castilian Renaissance is imminent. Castile, due to its naval range, high income, extensive and dominant trade network, becomes one of the largest and most dynamic trade empires of the Atlantic and Western Mediterranean. The Castilian navy with its new heavy warships and some new updated designs for older ships organizes a heavy royal fleet phasing out past organizations. The Royal army of Castile has now almost wholly replaced the previous feudalistic military forces and has a size of nearly 50,000 and growing thanks in part to the good funding being provided by the king. In order to make up for lost power the King as behest of his new wife, and several of his friends who are nobles create a king's advisory council which officially has the power of the king in many matters if authorized. The men are also given station to criticize the kings actions to keep him from going crazy with power. The Knights Hospitaller are moved more into Castile with their professional fighting strength and religious zeal used to patrol the borders of Castile's Gibraltar province. The Knights are also given the authority to police the majority Christian Tangiers now, and effectively prevent many Muslims from coming over the border to wreak havoc. Castile begins considering opening up talks to relieve Granada of a primarily Christian province and a possible problem in the future for the country and giving it to the Knights Hospitaller to set up a kingdom or set up their organization in the area.  Castile's navy, now heavily funded and expanded greatly, reaches a large amount of combat and tradeworthy ships and with its trade from Oyo, and various supply bases establishes military and trade dominance over the West African areas as well as its locality in the Mediterranean. The Castilian trade dominance in West Africa remains unbudged as Castile directly owns and has the majority of the gold and ivory trades coming out of West and North Africa. Castile's population reaches around 5.2 million and growing. (I have been focusing heavily on growth of population and have not been involved in nearly the amount of destructive wars as OTL Castile has been). The Castilian Renaissance reaches its full swing with art and scientific advancement being allowed by the State as many of the religious fanatics and dissidents are fighting in Morocco, along with this, the highly respected middle and artisan classes are able to afford a much better living with various artists painting great works and with one even gaining an audience with the royal family for a painting. The Castilian navy reaches a large force of nearly 550 ships using the huge funding from Castile's conquests, trading, and other situation to fund this navy.   The technology of the Castilian navy is improved heavily as the king begins to focus more on the quality of his ships rather than the quantity which results in better quality ships (like an early carrack and my previously developed pre-galleon). The exploration continues just below the Kongo as the Castilian exploration parties manage to gather supplies from the Kongo's friendlier tribes. These exploratory parties have reached OTL southern and a little bit farther south but supply constraints and lack of knowledge of the area prevents further progress. Castile begins sending missionaries to the Kongo to convert the Friendlier tribes which is relatively successful. Castile continues to convert to the Western Church with the king and his royal family attempting to preach about the new church and its benefits to the common man and not keeping them in the dark. The Conversion to the Western/Consuete Church continues with a relative majority accepting following the issues with nobility.  The Castilian navy with new ships replacing the old ones begins military drills for preparedness and experience.  Castilian naval ships continue the blockade of Granada to prevent an interrupt in trade and prevent undesirables from interfering in the Granadan Civil war. Castile brings in or sends all children for their royal marriages, etc. Castile declares war once again in Morocco and requests English assistance (troops are already there). Siege equipment - as well as nearly 20,000 assorted troops - are sent (these troops are some sent by Morocco and Granada as well making up a core Castilian army) The Castilian armed forces definitely begin a major conflict in Morocco to crush it and finally take the rest of the country for Christendom. The battle is successful and along with the English and other Christian troops the Coalition slaughters the remainder of the Moroccan military and begins a dedicated push on their remaining major cities going as far as burning the city of Fez almost to the ground. Castile also now not having the troop strength to hold onto Tangiers anymore (due to the war) transfers control of the city and surrounding area to the kingdom of Morocco. With the independence of Alexandria sends major amounts of aid to the Christians in Alexandria and begins basing more ships in Cyprus to help support them. King John dies and is succeeded by his son King Henry IV of the House of Trastamara.
  • Kingdom of Granada: The Kingdom of Granada is formed with quick help thanks to Castile and the kingdom begins to recruit local Christians to help fight in the army. The economy, while meager, is growing. However, the country focuses heavily on fighting the Civil war at hand organizing areas beyond the area of control to help gain Christian allies as they begin to kill Muslim forces. The Civil war is far from over (they expanded this turn due to Castile forming them.) The Kingdom is formed in a relatively common way as the Muslims are currently being fought as what is deemed "hispanic tradition."  The Kingdom itself is relatively successful in fighting the Muslims in its general locale and has secure its main territory just offset from Gibraltar relatively easily. The Prince of Granada is a Castilian noble named Juan Cortez who is extremely biased against Muslims due to his father's death in the original war against Morocco over Gibraltar. Many of the Muslims within the new kingdom's borders are put to the sword and periodic raids and support parties are sent out to help Christian forces fight in the disorganized lands. The country also begins a relatively large buildup of the road system repairing it from damage from the civil war. The countries armed forces also begin to fight the remaining Muslims in the mountains and begin the force conversion of the remaining Muslims in Granada.
  • Kingdom of the Canaries: The Canaries are able to build upon the multiple viable settlements and a moderately sized and growing population. The Canaries, finally completely covering the islands, begins to send moderately sized fleets that are resupplied from the islands and from Castile to continually explore the area. The Canaries help supply settlers and fleets moving to Capo Verde.
  • Kingdom of Cyprus: King Matthias of Cyprus has twin sons, both of which are sent to Castile for tutoring until they are old enough. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller West to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. King Matthias is killed in religious riots in Cyprus leaving his highly capable son in charge. This new King Fernando a half Cypriot, half Castilian man reigns in the riots relatively quickly and with decisive action solves their issue. The King himself being from some of the Western Catholic Sect has openly converted and challenges the conspirators of the riots to try again and see what happens. When another riot is organized in later months the King himself leads the Cypriot army and police and seizes the ring leaders preventing further rioting. 
  • Kingdom of Morocco: The less fortunate and disenfranchized are converted. The Kingdom itself is a Christian kingdom with a similar situation of early Castile and Aragon, with large amounts of Muslims and a small amount of Christians. However, the Christian community in Morocco is expanded in thanks to the influx of traders and settlers from Castile and some other immigrants looking for an opportunity to live a new life here. The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area.  The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable amount of Castilians settle the area. While Christians remain the minority the kingdom of Morocco sets up various churches and allows preachers to roam around and convert people. The Kingdom begins to push toward integration of the city of Tangiers into the kingdom. This would give the Kingdom two important cities. Heavy taxes are imposed on Muslim traders in order to facilitate conversions to Christianity while lower more friendly taxes are given to Christian merchants. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Knights Hospitaller finally calm down from their overly religious conquest and begin to allow effective administration of the country. This is due in part to their losses and their lack of adaptation to Castile's budding new national religion. The Kingdom itself shows a relative increase in tensions with the remainder of Morocco due to border issues. This may indeed escalate into a full scale war due to issues stemming between the new Christian kingdoms continued push for legitimacy in the Christian world. The Knights Hospitaller in the country begin to die off due to old age, lack of recruitment and the very dangerous border raids and Muslim village raids they conduct bringing their numbers to barely 1000. The Kingdom's army proper raised by immigrant Christians now numbers about 4000 itself and is expected to grow. The Kingdom of Morocco begins to take control of territory in  the interior of Morocco proper following the Castilian and english forces and securing the areas (this territory is being integrated into the kingdom of Morocco)
  • Oyo Empire: A massive plague carried by rats from Castillian ships wipes out 500,000 members of Oyo's population. Many tribal enemies of Oyo, believing the nation to be weak, invade only to fall prey to the plague. Returning to their homes, the tribal warriors return with the virus, resulting in widespread contaimination which leads to hundreds of thousands dying in the tribal lands. As they lack the medical knowledge of Oyo, many tribes die out as a result of the plague. The virus itself dies out once the Oyo contain the spread to the homes of the infected. (MP allowed the retcon for the interested.)
  • Duchy of Hamburg: The war with the UNC finally ends. While Hamburg remained mostly unharmed, Lüneburg took severe damage during the UNC sack, fortunately, the Lüneburg University, located on the southern outskirts, escaped destruction. Following the war, the budget for the armed forces is slahed to make room for the rebuoding programs Duke William I remarks, "Its time we look inward to ourselves, as opposed to forcing ourselves onto the foreign stage.". With the recent uprisings in Saxony and Thuringia, Duke William begins petitioning the Prince of Anhalt is offered protection in exchange for manpower and alliegance. Lippe and Bruchhausen begin consolidating themselves with the Duchy.
  • The Jochid Ulus sign the Treaty of St Patrick's Burg, ending the war. However, troops remain in offence against Muscovy and Novgorod until these sign the treaty as well. Some of the Russians begin to be deported into the non-occupied territory, and Meschera and Mordvins in still-Muscovite lands are encouraged to move to replace the population. However, the nation's attention diverts southward, into the Azovan Khanate. The Ulus extends a hand of friendship to this nation, assuring its independence if comes under the protection of the Golden Horde. Therefore, it begins to influence the Azovan Khanate. Grain from Kazakhstan is sent to continue post-famine recovery with help. The Mastoravic faith is purposelly sent into the people in Azov, and a semblance of authority is written into versions of the Mastorava sent into the nation. Authority is placed onto a new Metropoliit-S'aman of the Mastoravic church; a new temple, with large Muslim, Christian and Zoroastrian influences, begins to be built in the Mastoravic centre of Qazan. The polyprosopic faith is emphasised, with one of the faces of the Mastoravic God being specified; his name is Chernobog, and he is said to represent farming and Ukraine. This way, the people of the area are convinced that they are parter of a larger thing, rather than an isolated remnant state. The Safavid and Hyrcanian offers from last years are accepted. The population once again begins to grow, and some of the military preparation returns to be sent to economy. The zolotnik is branded as illegal in the Ulus and Perm. A reform movement occurs, mostly by Christians and upper-class Mastoravics, as well as Western Tatars, but opposed by some of the Muslims in the east and Tengriists. Prince Arslan, Temür's son, has a falling-out with his father related to his faith; he leaves for the borderlines, and Temür's respect amongst Assyrians heavily lowers. the Chagatay issue is talked with the Mughal diplomat, with a proposition of splitting the nation along lines of influence rising.
    • Great Perm once again grows, after the end of the war. The economy is slowly expanded at last. The Pskovian zolotnik is completely dropped and the Permic people begin to instate a new currency. After a few days of debate, the name is settled upon; the largest unit is named the tumen (which is divided into ten šajt, or rubles, which are divided into 100 Mısqal, divided into ten zolotnik, the smallest of the currencies, meant as a slight to the Pskovians). The ruble is pegged to the Venetian ducat, in order to establish term stability. By the end of the year, it is already being minted in Kolvakvar, and plans for Jochid adoption begin. Komi people begin to enter the nation and the areas to be annexed from other parts of Novgorod; other children in Novgorod are still taught Komi. Much of the population now follows the Mastoravic faith, and it quite easily adopts the authority of the Metropoliit-S'aman in Qazan. 
    • Adyghea once again begins economic and demographic growth. Ossete is elevated to a status quite similar to Adyghe in several parts of the nation, pleasing much of the eastern fourth of Adyghea. The trading power of Adyghe merchants begins to increase, however, it is still small. The Adyghe areas begin to increase in influence, as they begin to proportionally give a higher share of agricultural wealth, as Ukrainian agricultural produce has been lowered.
    • Mughal D to Jochid Ulus: Such terms are accepted, with the proposed installment of different khans in the areas in order to keep the Chagatay people at peace. 
  • France: Military and economy are built up. While this, the Navy expands. Brittany officially enters the French influence sphere. In Armagnac a few officers loyal to France give up on rebels siding with the recently known Foix threat. The ambassador of Foix is captured and the alleged secret agent is decapitated. A blockade continues to be exerted at Foix. Aragon (my bad) and Castile are asked to follow the same actions. The ambassador is revealed to be still alive although being held prisoner by the French. While this, Foix is warned that any further meddling in Armagnac will result in a war. While this, several soldiers capture raiders from Foix executing them in public and several French citizens initiating their own raidings in the border with Foix.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Brittany: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up.
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up.
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up.
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up.
  • Portugal continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers start to follow the Castilian example and start to explore the African coast. São Miguel and Santa Maria continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the colony of Açores expands 600 sq km into the two recently-discovered islands, with settling starting there.
  • County of Oldenburg: The economy is again Oldenburg's main concern this year. Count Dietrich continues his push for a larger emphasis on farming. So intent is he on preventing Oldenburg from becoming entirely reliant on trading, that he gives away one thousand hectares of his own land, on the condition that they are properly farmed. Content that he has done his part to keep Oldenburg at least partly self-sufficient, Dietrich sits back and lets the trade continue. Which it does in earnest. The OHG, realising the untapped trading potential of Albion, gets the Count to send an envoy to Albion to discuss trade deals. The OHG hopes to find a new market for both its Northern Sea products and its Venetian wares. The Jade Bank consistently charges lower rates than the Roscol Bank, and a significant number of merchants and nobles have invested their money in the bank. The new Jews are welcomed by the Board of Governors of the Jade Bank, and they set to work lending money. Prosperous farmers, wanting to cultivate new land, get loans from the JB which are then paid back with relatively high levels of interest (due to the high level of risk involved). Count Dietrich, seeing that the JB could be used by farmers suddenly grows interested in the new Jewish group. He gives the Jews rights to practise their religion openly, and gives the JB a Comital Charter, officially recognising them as a moneylending institution. As well as this, he invites a senior Jewish usurer to join his court as the official Court Jew; assisting him on matters of tax, usury etc. On Neu Baltrum, news brought by the whalers of the rise of the Jewish bankers really does not affect the inhabitants, save the fisherman and his wife. The boat which they had bought from the OHG, whilst being sufficient for catching small loads of fish, is becoming a bit small for the hauls he is bringing in; one must remember that he's not just fishing for his family, but for the other inhabitants, for the OHG whalers and for the Hessian merchants, the arrival of whom caused quite a stir. Anyway, the fisherman, upon hearing of the new usurers, thinks of taking out a loan himself in order to purchase a new boat. His business plan, (buy bigger boat, catch more fish)  especially considering that his son will soon be old enough to help him, is fairly sound. However, his wife, a staunch Catholic, doesn't want her husband tainted by the sin of usury, even on the receiving side. And that's the news from Neu Baltrum, where all the women are staunchly religious, all the men are hardworking, and the fisherman is having a very hard time at home.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The Bishop dies and on his deathbad annoints his successor, a relatively young priest by the name of Klemens. Bishop Klemens was Count Dietrich's pick, of course, and for obvious reasons. Klemens is a passionate Sedevacantist. He has written numerous papers on why the schism between the "Catholic" and "Western" churches must end, and has even laid out a practical way of doing so. He uses almost every public speaking opportunity to denounce the current claimants to the Papacy as illegitimate, and as tarnishing the Holy Office. Although this can get a tad repetitive, his passion makes up for it. The other reason is that he's quite attached to the House of Oldenburg, and will generally follow the "advice" of Dietrich or his son Frederick. His first action as Bishop is to send another letter to his counterpart in Munster, exhorting him to join the Sedevacantist protest against the illegitimate papal claimants (Mod response?). He also states that he will continue his predecessor's "theocracy-ification" in the coming years. 
  • Mayan Empire: We expand 100 px miles south, and move to build up our military and navy.
  • In Sanafah, the sudden fall of the Mashriqi Sultanate, altogether unexpected, briefly throws the Sanafahi state into disorganization. The Mashriqi-appointed Emir soon finds his small militia facing the Ralofaoro clan, led by Tiavina Ralofaoro, the clan's patriatch and recognized chief of the Sakalava people. Following a relative stalemate, but tactical loss for the Emir, Amaar Rahasan, both leaders agree to meet at the capital city of Mahajanga to discuss a potential peace deal. The Assafist Emir agrees to a diarchy, led by both the Saklava chieftain and the Emir. A council of tribal leaders is also organized. Based upon the example of the Mashriq, which no longer will hold Sanafah back, massive infrastructure developments are made. To fund these developments, the STEC and it's resources in Sanafah - which were quite great - are nationalized. Sanafah then works on the port of Mahajanga and begins to add a shipyard, based upon what we know from Sumal and Iritriya. A large trade expedition is sent to Swahili, Sumal, and Iritriya to re-establish contact as a newly independent nation. Sanafah then also begins to influence the other Sakalava tribe, which is due to be inherited by Tiavina Ralofoaro. Rahasan then works on creation of a large mosque, set to rival the mosque at Zanzibar and Mombasa. An expedition is sent to the small islands to the east (Dina Morgabin, or Reunion and Dina Arobi, or Mauritius) in order to scout for good locations to establish Sanafah's presence in order to supercede the advances of our southern neighbors. Islam continues to spread to the animistic southern chiefdoms, and a distinct merging of animism and Islam, as well as a merging of Malagasy and Arabic begins to take place. Sanafah also begins to influence the Comoros Sultanate, and Emir Amaar Rahasan arranges the marriage of his eldest son to the heiress of the Comoros Sultanate.
  • Poland: We start to work on a wall to surround our city. We ask traders from around to come to our city. We successfully recruit 805 archers for our military. We start a weapons making company to increase our military's strength and security.
  • Bavand Shahdom: Shah Bavan starts reforming the infrastructure of the realm. In order to increase the amount of soldiers and state officials, the Shah allows people of all religion to join the army and some of the minor political jobs. Emmisaries are sent to the Mughal Empire and Safavid Shahdom to ask for an alliance and trade pact. The Shah decides to fund some artists and writers from throughout the nation in hope of increasing national sentiment and creating a nation identity in order to keep the populace loyal to the nation. 
  • Mughal Dip: The alliance and trade pact are accepted. 
  • Safavid Persian Empire Diplomacy: We accept.
  • Koryak Confederacy: The infrastructure is expanded to cope with the growing population, including enlarged docks to hold the thousands of ships constructed over recent years. Roads are also built up to the frontier, into newly occupied territories and the border with Yakutia, which continues to be influenced. Warehouses and storage space in Kodiak are improved to hold larger quantities of goods. The Council is intrigued by the Shinto religion presented by Ashikaga priests and gives the priests government funding and support to proselytize the greater population, where it swiftly replaces Qamism due to the natural similarity between the two religions. 
  • Chukchi: Expands 2000 km into East Siberia.
    • Ashikaga Dip: The Shogun is pleased in the interest that the Confederacy is taking in Shinto, and sends a group of priests to further inform the Council of Chieftains, encouraging them to convert and so strengthen the ties between them and Japan. 
    • Koryak Dip: The Council is intrigued by the religion and gives the priests government funding and support to proselytize the greater population. They thank the Shogun for his consideration. 
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of it. We buy more books from China.  We begin building up our military and increasing military development. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. 
  • Oirats D to Golden Horde and China: We hope to launch an expedition on Chagatai and Timurid Empire as they have collapsed. China can get a passage to the West and Golden Horde can annex the influenced areas of Chagatai. We hope to split it later after the war.
  • None of you has influenced Chagatai and it's still a vassal to the Mughals ... it's really meta as well trying to organize such a super coalition when I highly doubt China can plausibly like the successor states to the hordes that have been causing them issues for years. Chagatai is still stable as well. -Feud
  • OK, after three consecutive turns I'm really annoyed. China has NO BUSINESS in Chagatai, and Chagatai is still stable even though Timurids collapsed. And even if you were to somehow conquer Chagatai, sending an expedition to the current Mughal Empire would be a problem. -Sky
  • Ashikaga Shogunate: Benefits of the new currency are being seen already, with Ashikaga coinage valued highly in transactions within Japan due to the fixed purity of copper and silver and confidence in its stability. The Shogun names the Gintsuka as the doinant currency throughout the Northern Coalition of the Mogami, Uesugi, Satake, Kamakura, Takeda and Imagawa clans. The Shogun begins to build Shinto temples and shrines, the first steps to making Shinto a state controlled religion.
  • Cuzco: We build up our economy, which contniues to improve due to the increase in trade. Cuzco continues to become a melting pot of the region's cultures.
    • Wanka: As the new government continues to conslidate power, the military is built up. 
  • Rumania: The revolt in Bulgaria receives the full attention of Radu, a force of 30,000 is raised to combat any armed resistance. The army sweeps into Varna, and meets a small force of rebels outside the city, the force is decimated, and most of the Bulgarian nationals flee after the first charge. Hundreds are arrested, and brought before the prince. Each man is taken individually before the prince and pardoned for his crimes. The army breaks into three groups of 10,000 each; these traverse the nation rooting out rebels and ensuring stability. A military occupation begins in several major cities, including Varna, and Sophia. Any riots are contained and put down with non-lethal force. Several small battles occur, mostly against heavily out-numbered Bulgarians, who usually break and run after facing the veteran Wallachian units. After the first few months of the occupation word arrive from Wallachia that the prince, Radu, has become the father of a strong young boy. His name is Mircea, like his grandfather. Food shipments are halted to Ukraine as turmoil in Bulgaria disrupts food production, any extra is shipped to Bulgaria to feed peasants whose crops were destroyed, or stolen by rebels. Progress is made on gunpowder-based weapons after cooperation between Roman and Rumanian gunsmiths begins.
    • Hungarian King Sigismund sends word to Rumania on a possible co-ordination against both rebellions due to the fact they could be using each others' territories to launch strikes against the crown and disrupt trade. This will help to speed up the crushing of the rebellion. On the low, he also offers joint Hungarian co-operation on gunpowder weapons and states the resources Hungary has at its disposal could significantly help the effort.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: Riots are suppressed by loyal Boyars, and most of the populace does not actively participate in the rebellion. Work on improvements is halted due to the conflict. Several loyal nobles raise a small force of 5000 to help combat the rebels and maintain order.
  • Trier: We upgrade our military and economy. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne, and Austria and her vassals. We dedicate this turn to infrastructure expansion, building several defenses, and roads to link towns across the nation. Fortifications around our capital are improved and updated. Archbishop-Elector Jakob von Sierk decides to run for chancellor in 1458 and asks his allies to support him. As chancellor he hopes to promote peace in Germany.
  • Ica-Nazca: We improve our infrastructure, continuing to build roads to improve trade in our new trade alliance.
    • Chancay (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We build a small fleet of fishing ships, improving our economy.
    • Chimor (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand west 5 pixels.
    • Sican (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We create a military consisting of kamayuks and slingers.
  • Mughal Empire: Babur offers to marry Rao Rid Mal's widowed daughter and adopt his grandson, heir apparent Mirza (needs mod response): yes. The Empire works primarily on reaffirming its infrastructure and passing new laws that will allow religious freedom and ensure that a civil war may never happen again. Babur also discusses the stabilization of the Silk Road by sending emissaries to the Safavids, Chagatai and Bavanids.
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Albert and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1457 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1457, Albert II commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The planned market center in Landshut continues to attract regional traders. In religious news, the country begins converting to the Western Netherlander church. By the end of this year, around 70% of the country adheres to the Western Church in Holland. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Albert II makes efforts to implement Sedevacantist policies in the government. Furthermore, Albert also arranges the Roscol Bank access to Landshut to do trading. The Venetian merchants take an interest in government bonds. Albert II puts his name forth for the Chancellery in the newly reformed Reischregiment. 
    • Munchen: The main campus of Queen Isabell University is completed and the beginning courses include French, Latin, English, and Greek as well as theology, clergy training and mathematics being taught. By 1457, the total class amounts to about 2500 men. Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Munchen as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Straubing as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Ingolstadt as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. 
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. The Catholic clergy of Wurzburg become restless when learning they are now vassals of Grand Duke Albert of Bavaria and his Western Church. However, as Albert begins tolerating the Catholics, the Wurzburg clergy seem to calm down.
  • Chiribaya We continue to improve our road system to increase trade.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite do their job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. The merchants that continually travel between Kohm, Aoch and Ava continue to allow for some of the populations of those nations to continue to convert to Islam. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. Work continues on improving the hand cannon design. The Sultan begins to send forth state-sponsored traders into Ava and the former lands of Arakan, with tales of success for Islamic farmers and traders that overshadows anything done by Hindu or Buddhist farmers or traders. Extensive trade continues across the Indian Ocean and the Orient. 
    • Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslims settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom declares himself to be King of Assam, also called Kamarupa in this time since he now controls his grandson's lands which were the Maharaja of Koch.
  • The Kingdom of England (member state of the Kingdoms of Greater Albion): English military and navy are expanded with many new war cogs being added to the English fleets. The North Sea trade is almost completely dominated by the North Sea Trading Alliance (Holland and Albion, mostly). Nordic and English culture continues to blend, with stories of the mythical Norse gods becoming popular reading among the wealthy segments of the population. Scotland continues to integrate the government fully with that of England and of Albion in full. Work with the Celts continue in Scotland and Ireland working to bring the two cultures closer together. Albion sends more explorers to Africa, particularly in the OTL regions of Sierra Leone and the Ivory Coast. Edmund Trading Port in OTL Sierra Leone continues to see expansive trade and is renamed Edmundburgh. Due to the damage to the palaces, King Edmund elects to move the seat of Albion temporarily to York while the repairs to central London continues. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. New and larger, more powerful ships are built as well as the Albionic equivalent to the Norse Karak, but with more guns and a slightly larger masthead. English explorers begin to map the coast of Africa for the King, making it down the coast near OTL Gabon. James Severus' famous book, The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past becomes a popular read across the Isles and is shipped abroad with trade merchants, spreading Anglo-Celt culture far and wide. Hearing of the instability in Morocco through traders and through government channels, a small English fleet is detached with an army to be used at the will of Castile and Morocco to help defend the territory. The Albion foreign minister states it is because of religious conviction as well as a concern of instability in the region, that these troops are offered. After decades of construction, the navy now hovers at more than 140 ships from England (Wales and England) alone, with the combined fleets of all of Albion the number is closer to 200, a feat that would not have been possible without the wisdom of the Admiralty. The hope is by the end of the next few decades the fleet size will double. The navy has always been, and will continue to be, a priority of His Majesty's crown government. In Albion, the first books are printed in English, inspiring a nationalistic attitude among the population. several books including The Eddies of Great Albion are translated into English, as well as Gaelic. The Aeneid becomes the first of a string of classical literature printed in the Isles and is distributed throughout.
    • In this time of great trading and exploration, Sigismund II of Hungary would like to re-affairm all alliances with Great Albion and England. We hope to increase the levels of trading currently conducted with the nation and we hope our merchants can freely trade with the English.
    • Dublin: After the years of upgrading, Dublin becomes a shining jewel in the Eire. Dublin founds the Bank of Eire as an offshoot of the Bank of England. The Bank of England sees modernization. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past becomes a popular read in Dublin, one of the most important trading ports in Eire. 
    • Wales: The Welsh military and navy are expanded. The Welsh begin to see the fruits of all the English banking investments as large areas of the nation see improvements in infrastructure. Representation in the Albion Parliament increases as a minor population boom in and around Cardiff begins. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North.
  •  Andorra: We build up our military and economy. Our military sends most of its troops to help out Foix. We want Armagnac to be absorbed into our nation. The bishop declares that if Armagnac does not join us we will keep sending troops to raid and destroy your nation. Assassins are sent to kill the king of France. We send assassins into Aragon to send terror into the nation. We send troops to steal coastal land from them. Special ops troops are sent to kill government officials and burn down buildings in Aragon.
    • Foix: We send more special ops troops into Armagnac to kill civilians, troops and pro-French officials. They also burn down all of the local businesses, military bases and churches to send fear into the state. Our military is at the border of Armagnac destroying the French outposts and scouts. Some citizens of Armagnac help us raid the state and try to persuade the state into joining us. We send troops into Aragon to steal coastal land from them.
    • I am aware I am no mod, but this is a joke. #1 you cannot just steal land from another nation, especially a prominent one. #2 There is no fighting force which includes special ops in its ranks. #3 You're creating chaos not going into full out attacks. #4 Your government would not promote the killing of citizens to spark chaos. #5 The implausible attacks you're attempting don't have an algo. #6 You cannot just kill a king. #7 The bishop is not the sole ruler of Andorra and cannot make such a claim. #8 Armagnac won't join a nation it is being terrorized by. CUT IT OUT. SwankyJ (talk) 22:03, March 31, 2014 (UTC)
  • Caucasian Confederation: Upon hearing of the Coptic rebellion in Alexandria, the heads of the Caucasian Orthodox kingdoms meet to discuss a united response to this sudden opportunity. With the demobilization of the Caucasian armies as a result of Georgia's signing of the Treaty of Adrianople, a significant amount of manpower has been freed up. Accordingly, the Confederation  offers diplomatic recognition and military assistance to the Coptic rebels in exchange for favorable trade terms and other concessions to be discussed later. Some 15,000 Caucasian troops, 9000 of whom are of Coptic-descent, prepare for transportation to Alexandria to assist the Copts against the Muslim Egyptians. The Confederation also smuggles supplies to the southern Christian rebels; though actual military assistance would be impossible, the Confederation emissary explains that the Caucasians will provide what help they can. Finally, the Confederation establishes diplomatic relations with the Hyrcanian Kingdom, and belatedly agrees to the Castilian trade proposal; Georgian traders quickly begin unloading gold, copper, and wine in the markets of Cyprus.
    • Kingdom of Georgia: With the long-awaited conclusion of the Anatolian war, Mepe Alexandre - disappointed in the Jarishuri performance during the conflict - orders the reform of the standing army, and mandates higher quality standards for Georgian forces. The Georgian army shrinks from 24000 levies to 12000 professional regulars, with another 6000 reservists for support in emergencies. The ensuing increase in troop quality improves the Georgian military.
    • Kingdom of Armenia: The conclusion of the Anatolian war brings tragedy as Tagavor Smbat IV dies of injuries sustained during a hunt celebrating the peace. His eldest son, Prince Zhirayr of Yerevan, ascends to the throne as Tagavor Zhirayr I. The new king puts Armenia's levies, many of whom lack jobs with the war's conclusion, to work expanding the Tagaschan westward; this expands Armenian infrastructure, but shrinks the Armenian army to 9000 regulars and 6000 reservists.
    • Grand Principality of Assyria: With the reunification of Persia under Safavid control, Mtavari Levon approves the extension of the Tagaschan eastward, linking Arbela to Tabriz and expanding Assyrian infrastructure. A significant portion of Assyrian levies are semi-permanently dispatched to guard the critical highways and trade depots in the region: the Assyrian army now numbers some 6000 regulars and 3000 reservists.
    • Principality of Rani: The ongoing influx of currency into the Principality expands the Ranite economy, as the arrival of Ottoman reparations revitalizes local Azeri businesses. The renewed economic growth does reconcile the resentful locals to Georgian troops somewhat, though the renewal of conversion efforts - with a total 12000 converts of 154000 Azeris - promptly wastes this goodwill. Accordingly, Tavadi Zurab permanently dispatches a significant component of the Ranite guard to serve as a mobile response force for the province; Ranite's deployable miltary force now numbers only 3000 regulars and 1000 reservists - a single mesame, in other words.
    • Principality of Amier-Kavkasia: A significant amount of Ottoman war reparations are invested in developing Amier-Kavkasia's local economy: the mines of the Caucasus receive particular attention, and the Kavkasian economy expands as a result of this investment. Prince Garegin consolidates the Kavkasian dzala into a single formation; of this united force, only 1000 are considered as capable as Georgian regulars, while the remaining 3000 are deemed reservists.
  • Ottoman Sultanate: The Sultan returns after signing the treaty, and the Ottoman lands of the Balkans are given to the Christian powers of Europe. Many Turks have been relocated to Anatolia who have wished to remain in the boundaries of the Sultanate. Meanwhile, the Sultan hears news of the collapse of both the Timurid and the Mamluk empires, and is concerned that Arabia is in the midst of war. He sends a letter to the Shah of the Safavids, offering to join him in the annexation of Mesopotamia, in order to lessen the chaos in the Arabian peninsula, as well as to improve trade relations with the country. The Sultan would also benefit from having access to the Indian Ocean. (Considering the Mesopotamians aren't a part of the Mashriqs anymore, it should not be in defiance of the non-aggression pact). Many citizens taking part in the Hajj come back and tell the Sultan of the violence taking place. The Sultan may consider sending troops to ensure Mecca does not become the center of a holy war. Meanwhile, infrastructure and the economy are improved this year as well.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues its infrastructure developments, building roads and forts in its newly reconquered territories. However, during this process, Emperor John VIII dies in his sleep. His passing is widely mourned by the Empire, as John VIII had practically brought the Empire from the brink back to a prominent and proud nation once more. His funeral is to take place in Constantinople, and the leaders of Hungary, Albania, Venice, Italy, Georgia, and Rumania, along with any other who might choose to attend, are invited. His son Michael is crowned in Haiga Sophia as Michael IX of the Roman Empire. He continues the practices of his father, who soon becomes known as "the Great" for his work at reviving the Empire from near oblivion. With the situation in Egypt heating up, the Empire sends five ships and one hundred men to occupy Alexandria to help defend the city and train the inhabitants in warfare in case the Muslims return.
    • Albania: All normal actions continue. Construction of the main castle and roads continue. Skanderbeg travels to Constantinople in order to attend the funeral and the corresponding coronation of Michael IX.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Doge sends his son in his stead to the funeral as he cannot leave the Dogado as per tradition. He sends a personal letter to the Emperor's son upon his coronation.
  • Aswad Rebellion: Former Mashriq military commander known as 'Aswad' storms government buildings in Cairo. Aswad begins deploying messengers across the former holdings of Mashriq, imploring that they still remain faithful to the government in Cairo. Aswad still unable to formally gain control of the capital, his struggle has become well known ascross the world. With news of approaching European powers into Alexandria, Aswad has begun asking for the powers to formally assist an Egyptian overthrow of Islam.
  • Venetian Republic:
    • Books on various topics spread from Venice throughout Europe, continuing the Renaissance. Printed in the Venetian language, they teach of the sciences and humanities and revive learning, spreading knowledge (as well as the language) far and wide..
    • With the increased supply of Ducats, the fluidity of European trade increases with Ducat using nations benefitting most.
    • Many people sentenced to death are drowned in the canals as is the Venetian tradition. The tradition is becoming the primary way to execute criminals and is spreading to the Venetian territories across Europe.
    • Fine wool and silk clothing from Titani is exported across the Mediterranean and Black Sea and begins to set the trend in Renaissance clothing.
    • Venetian trade reaches across the known world. Merchant ships carry salt, silks, glass and a collection of other goods, both common and rare. Venetian traders are the largest carriers of trade in Europe, with the thousands of ships and a trading tradition continuing to fuel this.
    • The Roscol Bank uses local subsidiaries all across Europe to fund trade, with a leaning toward funding trade with Venice. They also fund enterprises across the continent, boosting the economies of the nations which they inhabit. The Roscol Bank invests conservatively. While this doesn't bring in as much wealth as other nations' banking, such as the Dutch, it results in a much more robust level of equity.
    • Venetian trade reaches across the known world. Merchant ships carry salt, silks, glass and a collection of other goods, both common and rare. Venetian traders are the largest carriers of trade in Europe, with the thousands of ships and a trading tradition continuing to fuel this.
    • The Roscol Bank uses local subsidiaries all across Europe to fund trade, with a leaning toward funding trade with Venice. They also fund enterprises across the continent, boosting the economies of the nations which they inhabit. The Roscol Bank invests conservatively. While this doesn't bring in as much wealth as other nations' banking, such as the Dutch, it results in a much more robust level of equity.
    • In Veneto with the Jochid Ulus having outlawed the Zolotnik and pegged their currency to the Ducat, Venice experiences a boom in trade with the east. The Admiral decides to replace 1000 of the current Venetian ships with the new Carro. However, due to its increased complexity every two ships scuppered will only be replaced with one new Carro. Further, the ships can only be produced in the Coixa arsenal, highlighting that the Venetian arsenal is becoming out of date. Hungary continues to boost the economy of Venice and vice versa. The Doge decides to further support Venetian culture, he funds conversions to Venetian culture across the Republic and Empire. The new Protectorate funding is less taxing on the Venetian purse due to population growth in Veneto being above that in the Protectorates, nevertheless the Doge tells the Gastaldos to alert him should any shortcoming appear. The new business court in Venice boosts the economic stability in the Empire and with all nations that Venice trades with, making it harder for criminals to operate. Settling disputes between various merchants means that the class is less divided, while this helps economic growth it also gives them more influence as they can focus more on politics of the state than politics of trade. (responses to mod events) Venice sends ships with the Red Army and Black Guard to support the Alexandrian rebellion, hoping to secure the city. They do this for the sake of Saint Mark and because of the growing influence of the True Faith which considers the city to be a holy site for their beliefs. The support is welcomed by the locals who are glad for more Christian support.
    • In Porto Tolle: Potensa Guido preaches support of the move to secure Alexandria, stating it is the holy home of the one true disciples church, locals support the move of the Doge but are not eager to forget their quarrel with the Negàrseors.
    • In Istra: Potensa Felle Enzignerio considers ways to improve relations with Hungary.
    • In Scutari: Potensa Rolandino Premarin disbands another 200 men, this time those concerned for their purse rise up in arms. 150 guards side with the Potensa and flee into the city fort, while 450 side with the rebel Captain known as Ros Romaso. He besieges the fort and demands the surrender of the Potensa for his crimes.
    • In Epirote Free Ports: The Sarandan trade fleet operates competently in the Adriatic. Titani clothes production continues to increase, furniture production continues to remain stable. The new Superpotensa of Preveza lowers the barriers against non-guild members. However, some express anger still. With the use of Sigilar Collegantia in Saranda and Titani, the Venetian language spreads quickly, particularly to the upper and middle classes.
    • In the Peloponnese: The Potensa reports signs that Venetian is now commonly known amongst officials. Eager to work further on spreading the language he brings in priests and learned from Venice to teach the poor of Venetian. He calls his action "The Great Alm" as an offering unheard of in other nations.
    • In Attica: The Potensa of Menidi supports the Doges move. The people, becoming more and more in line with the beliefs of the True Faith, celebrate that Alexandria may be free to pilgramage to again.
    • In Morocco: The forts construction is speeded up, it is estimated it will take just ten more years to build all the forts. Immigrants arrive in the cities of Venetian Morocco, further pushing the cities to the Venetian's side. Meanwhile, some Potensas also practise leniency toward the Muslim populace as well as conversion.
    • Eco-turn
  • Epirote Republic:
    • In Epirus: Dragano is annoyed that he could not lead the men in Epirus, he sets the issue to the Maxór Conségios of Venice and Epirus and gains support to be seen by the people. The Doge may now spend 100 days outside of the Dogado but for the last 265 he must return. Dragano leaves for Epirus, many people do not know him when he arrives, but he makes an effort to look Doge-like. His personal guard of 100 men he calls the Leone Vardia, they are armoured in full plate, enameled with inscriptions and despictions of lions, and armed with pike and sword. They wear clothes of crimson and gold and carry banners with the flag of Venice. Dragano plans to expand Epirus more, and make it a republic to rival maybe even Venice.
    • In Valona: Valona continues to be integrated. A title, the Gastaldo of Valona, is created and awarded to his Gastaldo who was responsible for conquering the area, confident that his most loyal and trusted man can fold Valona in neatly. The officals and magistrates of Valona answer to the Gastaldo of Valona first and the Doge of Epirus second, making the Gastaldo powerful, at least in the region.
    • Mil-turn
  • Venetian Empire:
    • In the Province of Aegina: Conte Thadeo oversees the work on the twin towers of Aegina, they rise several feet this year. With their final destination to be 30 feet, however, meaning that considerable work still needs to be done. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Athens: Superpotensa Oliverio sends ten Athenian ships to assist the Doge's move into Alexandria. Meanwhile, he works on internal maintainance. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Candia: Conte Palmerio commissions the building of a massive 300-oared galley. He believes that the ship will be unrivaled in the Mediterranean and plans to show up Carros for the failure they are. He also sends some ships to support Venetian efforts in Alexandria. Inf-turn
    • In the Corfiot Protectorate: The current 1000 men of the Red Army of Corfu arrive in Alexandria and set about securing the city. Meanwhile, with taxes and funding from Venice, the Governor General commissions another 3000 men to be recruited. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Kaffa: Conte Simon is known as a man of the people. Wherever he rides in Kaffa he is greeted by cheers and despite their comparative destitution he is loved by the Ruthenians and Tatars who now live in the Ghettos of Kaffa. They view him as their saviour. He is known as Simon the Great. With this Simon's confidence grows and he looks hungrily to the north. Inf-turn
    • In the Naxian Protectorate: The extra funding from Venice allows for the supporting of 20 more ships in the fleet, these are all cogs as they are cheaper to buy and operate than galleys despite the cost of slaves being at an all time low due to high supply. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Negroponte: The city of Negroponte continues to improve its capacity for processing mined products into goods. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Ragusa: The Black Guard is sent to assist in the securing of Alexandria, there is less fervour for the act from Ragusan officals than there is elsewhere in the Empire. The officials work on improving the docks, conscious that they are the city's greatest asset as a Free Port and trade power. Inf-turn
  • Aztec Empire: The lands throughout the empire expand and develop infrastructure, booming farms, acqueducts, canals, roads, and bridges. Emperor Montezuma II [37] continues centralization among the empire, as the people become more unified. Sacrificial paganism is looked down upon by the people and citizens. Although the Emperor Montezuma II is still a strong supporter of the religion; claiming that the sun will not rise of one does not die. Cuachtemoc [27] expands the Jaguar Warriors to 8000. The Eagle Warriors (light infantry/scouts) now total at 16,000. The Coyote Warriors now number 22,000. The rest of the army is different regiments at around 14,000 infantry/archers. The economy expands as well as the navy. Xilopolco is continued to be fortified. People begin to migrate toward the capital. The population reaches 3.9 million. Mining is expanded and is at large, as well as fishing and farming. We increase our trade rights with Western Moundville and the Zapotec.
  • Cahokia: The medical school in Cahokia is completed and Monchaho sets to work getting a solid set of faculty to run it. Because of the new opening, there is a greater draw for people to volunteer as medicine men. The WWMP continues work, on schedule for 1470. Focus centered on infrastructure.
    • West Moundville (Vassal of Cahokia): Focus on establishing a local governmental headquarters in the capital of West Moundville (WM). There are no significant repercussions of the vassal splitting. The Cahokian Regulars finish moving a decent sized regiment into the new military base for additional security in anticipation of connecting with the new civilization, the Aztecs. As for economic sustainability, West Moundville utilizes its extensive coastline for fishing. Eco turn.
    • East Moundville (Vassal of Cahokia): Focus on establishing a local governmental headquarters in the capitol of East Moundville (EM). There are no significant reprucussions of the vassal splitting. East Moundville also has significant access to the sea so they intend on expanding into the sea for fishing. But their true economic power comes from their ability to farm the fertile land of the South. Eco turn.
    • Etowah (Vassal of Cahokia): Domestic political tensions ease and progress continues on the construction of Appawa (slated for completion in 1470). While not a priority in the region, Cahokian engineers based in Etowah begin to scout out potential sites for military bases, hoping to utilize the Appalachian Mountains for underground tunnels and defenses. Timber remains to be Etowah's main economic output.
    • Parkin (Vassal of Cahokia): Progress is made with the Nac Riders (though not flawless) and they continue training.
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. We upgrade infrastructure, as do our vassals.
  • Prussia: The Prussians continue to convert to the Western Church. The Prussians begin to build their army.
    • Masovia: The Kingdom of Masovia also continues recovering their economy and continues building a new national army. The Masovians continue construction of their capital at Czersk. The Masovians also continue converting to the Western Church.
    • Pomerania: The Pomeranians continue building their economy and continue building a new national army. The Pomeranians also continue converting to the Western Church.
    • Courland: The Curonians also begin developing their economy and military. The Curonians also begin converting to the Western Church.
  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The relation with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continue to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc. The reconstruction of the south part of Italy continue, will take like 3 years to restore the ports and cities.
    • Kingdom of Sicily: King Peter III sends aid to rebuild damaged cities and ports in southern Italy. Meanwhile, the army continue the process of assimilation of Italian tactics that spread through the Mediterranean, promoting the use of early firearms. The economy of the island is mostly cereal crops. Thanks to Italian support the exploitation of olives and wine grapes continues. 
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continue. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies; is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy in one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continue the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy. 
    • Vatican City: Pope Calixtus III continue the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope like his predecessor condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The Pope in his speeches also continues condemning the current lack of security of pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, which the Christian nations have a priority to recover these places and they are missing to the will of God. The nephew of Pope Callistus III, Rodrigo Borgia continue his ascent in the Roman curia.
    • Order of the Knights of Malta: King Charles I and Pope Calixtus III choose the first Grand Master of the Order Piero Raimondo Camelot, and is given a fleet of ten ships to start their patrolling on the central Mediterranean, also as helping needy Christians. Military elements are improved, and the economy is maintained by the Italian and Sicilian support.
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
  • Cahokia: Monchacho proudly reports to Rektaw the success of his medical school. Designed to accommedate up to only about 300 students at one time, the school takes in approximately 200 pupils during its first year. dreaming of satisfying an entire nation, Monchacho starts thinking about either expanding the current medical school (now officially deemed the Medical School of Cahokia, or MSC) or opening others around the nation in other vassals. Monchacho starts to plan a census for 1458 in order to get a better handle on what the nation's needs are, both medically and economically. Rektaw is impressed with his friend's impressive and selfless work and gives him more funding to improve MSC. Rektaw also has members of the Cahokian elite appointed to a Ministry of the Treasury. This new ministry is to work with Monchacho in completing this census. The WWMP continues work, on schedule for 1470. Rektaw sets his sights on improving Cahokia's fledgling farming industry. He allocates federal funding to expand what little they have. Focus centered on economy.
    • West Moundville (Vassal of Cahokia): Now a decent military and growing trading hub, WM grows in population. Attracted by the Aztecs, merchants from all over the Cahokian Empire flock to WM as trade increases. A Nac rider squadron (ten riders) are sent as scouts and guardsmen to a trade convoy laden with gifts of copper and Nac scout weapons and armor to the Aztecs. The purpose of this being to establish the Cahokian people in the eyes of the Aztec as a potentially fruitful yet powerful ally. As for economic sustainability, WM continues to utilize its extensive coastline for fishing.
    • East Moundville (Vassal of Cahokia): Focus on establishing a local governmental headquarters in the capitol of East Moundville (EM). There are no significant reprucussions of the vassal splitting. Focus centered on farming. Eco Turn.
    • Etowah (Vassal of Cahokia): Progress continues on the construction of Appawa (slated for completion in 1470). While not a priority in the region, Cahokian engineers based in Etowah begin to scout out potential sites for military bases, hoping to utilize the Appalachian Mountains for underground tunnels and defenses. Timber remains to be Etowah's main economic output.
    • Parkin (Vassal of Cahokia): The Nac Riders are now a formidable fighting force, executing training maneuvers flawlessly. They await a worthy advesary to battle test their new skills.

1458

In Rome, Pope Calixtus III dies, and in the subsequent conclave, the French Pierre de Foix is elected, taking the Papal name of Benedict XV.

Revolts occur in Mesopotamia. Rebels supporting the recently established Safavids in Basra, a holy Shi’ite city, clash with Sunni pro-independence rebels, Turkish, Jewish and Assyrian rebels and others. However, they all agree on one thing; Mashriq influence, now collapsing, should be entirely cut out.

Assyrians west of Lake Urmia, in an area where they are a majority, seize control. They unilaterally declare themselves part of the Assyrian nation to the west.

Potatoes, having spread across Quimbaya territory, now are adopted by the Motilón Confederacy. Meanwhile, the Quimbayas begin adopting copper.

An Uzbek warlord takes over Bukhara, beginning to look to spread his domain across the whole Central Asian territories.

The Shan states various leaders played off successfully by Tibetans has allowed for the re-absorption of Shan into Tibet following a proposed agreement of semi-autonomy.

With the former empire of the Mashriq collapsing from civil war, the nation of Ethiopia invades southern Nubia with the goal of securing Christian territory and liberating the region of Nubia from Muslim rule (Military: 10, Economy: 5). The Ethiopian army makes steady progress into southern Egypt, securing several Christian communities, who brand themselves as an independent nation (Military: 5, Economy: 5). A civil war breaks out in Nubia among the large Muslim population and Christian natives, supported by the superior organized Ethiopian army. This leaves the Muslims without support from a collapsing and disabled Mashriq.

After winning a number of decisive battles against the Hessian military in western Thuringia, the independence of the region under Frederick von Wettin is secured. Frederick threatens to dedicate his army toward Saxony if please from the Saxon nobles are not met. Finally, Albert II relents and offers Saxony further autonomy, retaining good relations but effectively ending vassalage with Austria or any other neighboring nation.

The first chancellor elections of the Holy Roman Empire take place in Augsburg, with several influential rulers declaring their intentions to serve in the position. At the council Albert II meets with several of his personal vassals and allies, and commissions the creation of the Swabian League (Schwäbischer Bund), a mutual defence and peacekeeping association of Imperial Estates - Free Imperial cities, prelates, principalities and knights - principally primarily around the region of Swabia. Regular meetings are to be held with the organization, supporting tribunals and maintaining a unified force of 12,000 infantrymen and 1200 cavalry.

The newly independent Alexandria thankful for recognition and aid from Castile, Venice and other Christian nations and manages to secure a decent amount of territory in northern egypt as well as successfully avoiding any influence by foreign power not wishing to be subservient to any nation again (mil 10) (econ 10) (inf 10)

The Aztecs receive a bountiful economy this year due to record Cocoa harvests, allowing for Chocolate production to increase.

  • UNC: As hostilities in the Karelian War dwindle, the UNC again requests the signing of the Treaty of St Patriksburg. The document is time sensitive. Any nations not showing evidence of opposition to the treaty by 1459 will be considered pleased with the document and shall be considered as a signature. In the meantime, the UNC's vassals; Bremen, Lubeck, Holstein, and Schleswig all leave the Holy Roman Empire due to its waning influence on their affairs and the UNC's hostility toward so many Holy Roman Empire nations.
  • Bavand Shahdom: Shah Bavand Bavandid marries Sholeh Fard, a daughter of one of the elders in one of the Zoroastrian villages in the Alborz mountain range, in the hopes of improving relations with the villages. The Shah continues his recent infrastructure policies, allowing more people in the nation from different religions and cultures to join the army and state administrative offices. With more people employed into government offices and the army, the economy has started to improve. The Shah decides that as trade has always ran through this region, to capitalize upon it. He starts funding guilds of certain crafts in the hope of increasing the production of high quality trade goods to sell for profit. The Shah also continues to fund artists and writers throughout the region, though one writer from one of the Zoroastrian villages catches his eye, and the Shah funds him a little more than some of the others. The writer also sparks an interest in the Shah of Zoroastrian literature.
  • Aztec Empire: Emperor Montezuma II [38] is very please with the economic advantage. He rewards the empire with a few cacao beans for many citizens loyal to the imperial state. Centralization continues. Military is expanded with Cuachtemoc [28] being pleased with Tezcacoatl's [4] growth. He is young and begins to learn how to read and write as his father teaches him the culture and the history of the Aztec people. Infrastructure is expanded with schools and hospitals now at large around the empire. Icnoyotl, Cuachtemoc's wife, has a son named Quatzecoatl. He is very healthy but has a birth mark which looks like a cut or scar down his left eye. The navy is minimally expanded. Xilopolco is still fortified with large towers, and the defenders learn drills and tactics to quickly defend the gates and walls from a siege or attack.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: The Bishop of Hamburg expresses disappointment that his other domain in Bremen is removed from the Holy Roman Empire, while trading companies like the HTSC show the same emotions for the removal of Lübeck, co-founder of the Hanseatic League with Hamburg. Despite this, Duke William I and Hamburgs government decide against making a deal of it. The Prince of Anhalt continues to be petitioned for men and resources in exchange for protection. Meanwhile, Hamburg and her vassals of Lippe and Bruchhausen cast their votes in the Chancellory elections. Consolidation of Lippe and Bruchhausen continues. In domestic news, road construction on the Central German Highway (as it's come to be called in Hamburg) continues. In diplomatic news, with Thuringia declaring its independence from Hamburg's partner and ally Hesse, Hamburg refuses to recognize the new Thuringian government as the legitimate government of the region.
  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The relation with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continue to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc. The reconstruction of the south part of Italy continue, will take like 3 years to restore the ports and cities.
    • Kingdom of Sicily: King Peter III sends aid to rebuild damaged cities and ports in southern Italy. Meanwhile, the army continue the process of assimilation of Italian tactics that spread through the Mediterranean, promoting the use of early firearms. The economy of the island is mostly cereal crops. Thanks to Italian support the exploitation of olives and wine grapes continues. 
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continue. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies; is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy in one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continue the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy. 
    • Vatican City: Pope Benedict XV continue the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope like his predecessor condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The Pope in his speeches also continues condemning the current lack of security of pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, which the Christian nations have a priority to recover these places and they are missing to the will of God. The nephew of Pope Callistus III, Rodrigo Borgia continue his ascent in the Roman curia.
    • Order of the Knights of Malta: The Grand Master of the Order Piero Raimondo Camelot, use his fleet of ten ships to patrol the central Mediterranean, also as helping needy Christians. Military elements are improved, and the economy is maintained by the Italian and Sicilian support.
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
  • Quashi, the Grandmaster at this time is Vittorio de Luca [58] and the heir is Rodrigo Torrez [51]. Also, once Vittorio dies, one of his sons will become heir. Either: Niccolo, Dario or Vittorio II. SwankyJ (talk) 02:23, March 31, 2014 (UTC)
  • He made his own knights organization ... Also, by this point Luca is most likely dead and Rodrigo is getting on in age. -Feud
  • 'Bengal Sultanate: The decrease in taxes on the landed elite do their job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. The merchants that continually travel between Kohm, Aoch and Ava continue to allow for some of the populations of those nations to continue to convert to Islam. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. Work continues on improving the hand cannon design. 'The Sultans wife bears him a son and a daughter (Insert names here when I understand Islamic naming conventions). The Sultan begins to send forth state-sponsored traders into Ava and the former lands of Arakan, with tales of success for Islamic farmers and traders that overshadows anything done by Hindu or Buddhist farmers or traders. Extensive trade continues across the Indian Ocean and the Orient. The Bengali Sultanate declares war upon the new and weakened Mughal Empire, using its moment of weakness to the advantage of all the free Indian states, using the Treaty of Pandua to call upon all the Indian states in agreement for one singular purpose. India for the Indians. The Sultan sends out a prepared speech to his armies, armed with cannons, infantry, cavalry, and elephants, and his allies's armies. 
    • Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslims settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom declares himself to be King of Assam, also called Kamarupa in this time since he now controls his grandson's lands which were the Maharaja of Koch.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy continues a larger process of pulling in more money through trade. The Castilians begin to send missionaries into Morocco in hopes of converting populations. The infrastructure of Castile is also expanded more. Castile, in order to facilitate more conversions to Christianity, imposes higher taxes on non-Christians in the areas it controls personally or by proxy through its vassals. Castile has successfully mapped large parts of the African coast south of Morocco and down as far as their settlements in Capo Verde. The developing class in Castile of skilled artisans, merchants, blacksmiths and the like has led to a large increase in productivity of the country with even a few researchers managing to work on new designs - including a more efficient hand cannon which gets its own dedicated corps in the developing Royal army of Castile. The Castilian nobility begins to adapt toward a newer system to revamp or work on their power as they move toward becoming advisors to the king and less involved in their feudal estates which while growing have developed Guilds to facilitate payments for the efforts of the men working, The expert worksmanship of many of these men has seen notable increase in productivity for each feudal state with most lords not complaining. The Kingdom's cities begin to be improved with somewhat better sanitation and the King hires architects to plan out a sewer system, as well as a true plan for multiple major cities. Castile begins a major process of researching the arquebus acquired and develops its own version which is used to replace the hand cannons which is finally finished. The Castilian navy, using the Canaries as a base, continually explore the area and discover a new island chain, the closest island is able to be settled and a small settlement springs up on the islands and is built up and styled as a resupply base. Capo Verde now fully settled is continually built up to accommodate Castile's military, navy and exploratory fleets The construction of a new kind of warship with cannons is completed - a heavy warship much more powerful than most other ships of the time. The King notices the heavily increased productivity and income flow due to his hands off policy and non-interference and begins to allow artists, minstrels and other artistic and scientific minds to become more prevalent in Castile, many believe the Castilian Renaissance is imminent. Castile, due to its naval range, high income, extensive and dominant trade network, becomes one of the largest and most dynamic trade empires of the Atlantic and Western Mediterranean. The Castilian navy with its new heavy warships and some new updated designs for older ships organizes a heavy royal fleet phasing out past organizations. The Royal army of Castile has now almost wholly replaced the previous feudalistic military forces and has a size of nearly 50,000 and growing thanks in part to the good funding being provided by the king. In order to make up for lost power the King as behest of his new wife, and several of his friends who are nobles create a king's advisory council which officially has the power of the king in many matters if authorized. The men are also given station to criticize the kings actions to keep him from going crazy with power. The Knights Hospitaller are moved more into Castile with their professional fighting strength and religious zeal used to patrol the borders of Castile's Gibraltar province. The Knights are also given the authority to police the majority Christian Tangiers now, and effectively prevent many Muslims from coming over the border to wreak havoc. Castile begins considering opening up talks to relieve Granada of a primarily Christian province and a possible problem in the future for the country and giving it to the Knights Hospitaller to set up a kingdom or set up their organization in the area.  Castile's navy, now heavily funded and expanded greatly, reaches a large amount of combat and tradeworthy ships and with its trade from Oyo, and various supply bases establishes military and trade dominance over the West African areas as well as its locality in the Mediterranean. The Castilian trade dominance in West Africa remains unbudged as Castile directly owns and has the majority of the gold and ivory trades coming out of West and North Africa. Castile's population reaches around 5.5 million and growing. (I have been focusing heavily on growth of population and have not been involved in nearly the amount of destructive wars as OTL Castile has been). The Castilian Renaissance reaches its full swing with art and scientific advancement being allowed by the State as many of the religious fanatics and dissidents are fighting in Morocco, along with this, the highly respected middle and artisan classes are able to afford a much better living with various artists painting great works and with one even gaining an audience with the royal family for a painting. The Castilian navy reaches a large force of nearly 550 ships using the huge funding from Castile's conquests, trading, and other situation to fund this navy.   The technology of the Castilian navy is improved heavily as the king begins to focus more on the quality of his ships rather than the quantity which results in better quality ships (like an early carrack and my previously developed pre-galleon). The exploration continues just below the Kongo as the Castilian exploration parties manage to gather supplies from the Kongo's friendlier tribes. These exploratory parties have reached OTL southern Angola and a little bit farther south but supply constraints and lack of knowledge of the area prevents further progress. Castile begins sending missionaries to the Kongo to convert the Friendlier tribes which is relatively successful. Castile continues to convert to the Western Church with the king and his royal family attempting to preach about the new church and its benefits to the common man and not keeping them in the dark. The Conversion to the Western/Consuete Church continues with a relative majority accepting following the issues with nobility.  The Castilian navy with new ships replacing the old ones begins military drills for preparedness and experience. Castilian naval ships continue the blockade of Granada to prevent an interrupt in trade and prevent undesirables from interfering in the Granadan Civil war. Castile brings in or sends all children for their royal marriages, etc. Castile declares war once again in Morocco and requests English assistance (troops are already there). Siege equipment - as well as nearly 20,000 assorted troops - are sent (these troops are some sent by Morocco and Granada as well making up a core Castilian army) The Castilian armed forces definitely begin a major conflict in Morocco to crush it and finally take the rest of the country for Christendom. The battle is successful and along with the English and other Christian troops the Coalition slaughters the remainder of the Moroccan military and begins a dedicated push on their remaining major cities going as far as burning the city of Fez almost to the ground. Castile also now not having the troop strength to hold onto Tangiers anymore (due to the war) transfers control of the city and surrounding area to the kingdom of Morocco. With the independence of Alexandria sends major amounts of aid to the Christians in Alexandria and begins basing more ships in Cyprus to help support them. King Henry seeing Oyo having mostly collapsed established multiple trading posts in the area to talk with the natives and continues to trade heavily in gold and somewhat in Ivory. The King also has a child with his Aragonian wife named Elizabeta (scraw didn't have a name - I had to make one up) named Ferdinand.
    • Kingdom of Granada: The Kingdom of Granada is formed with quick help thanks to Castile and the kingdom begins to recruit local Christians to help fight in the army. The economy, while meager, is growing. However, the country focuses heavily on fighting the Civil war at hand organizing areas beyond the area of control to help gain Christian allies as they begin to kill Muslim forces. The Civil war is far from over (they expanded this turn due to Castile forming them.) The Kingdom is formed in a relatively common way as the Muslims are currently being fought as what is deemed "hispanic tradition."  The Kingdom itself is relatively successful in fighting the Muslims in its general locale and has secure its main territory just offset from Gibraltar relatively easily. The Prince of Granada is a Castilian noble named Juan Cortez who is extremely biased against Muslims due to his father's death in the original war against Morocco over Gibraltar. Many of the Muslims within the new kingdom's borders are put to the sword and periodic raids and support parties are sent out to help Christian forces fight in the disorganized lands. The country also begins a relatively large buildup of the road system repairing it from damage from the civil war. The countries armed forces also begin to fight the remaining Muslims in the mountains and begin the force conversion of the remaining Muslims in Granada.
    • Kingdom of the Canaries: The Canaries are able to build upon the multiple viable settlements and a moderately sized and growing population. The Canaries, finally completely covering the islands, begins to send moderately sized fleets that are resupplied from the islands and from Castile to continually explore the area. The Canaries help supply settlers and fleets moving to Capo Verde and Western Africa.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: King Matthias of Cyprus has twin sons, both of whom are sent to Castile for tutoring until they are old enough. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller West to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. King Matthias is killed in religious riots in Cyprus leaving his highly capable son in charge. King Fernando manages to continue to hold Cyprus for his mother nation of Castile and has successfully seen the minor and moderate blending of culture in the area.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The less fortunate and disenfranchized are converted. The Kingdom itself is a Christian kingdom with a similar situation of early Castile and Aragon, with large amounts of Muslims and a small amount of Christians. However, the Christian community in Morocco is expanded in thanks to the influx of traders and settlers from Castile and some other immigrants looking for an opportunity to live a new life here. The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area.  The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable amount of Castilians settle the area. While Christians remain the minority the kingdom of Morocco sets up various churches and allows preachers to roam around and convert people. The Kingdom begins to push toward integration of the city of Tangiers into the kingdom. This would give the Kingdom two important cities. Heavy taxes are imposed on Muslim traders in order to facilitate conversions to Christianity while lower more friendly taxes are given to Christian merchants. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Knights Hospitaller finally calm down from their overly religious conquest and begin to allow effective administration of the country. This is due in part to their losses and their lack of adaptation to Castile's budding new national religion. The Kingdom itself shows a relative increase in tensions with the remainder of Morocco due to border issues. This may indeed escalate into a full scale war due to issues stemming between the new Christian kingdoms continued push for legitimacy in the Christian world. The Knights Hospitaller in the country begin to die off due to old age, lack of recruitment and the very dangerous border raids and Muslim village raids they conduct bringing their numbers to barely 1000. The Kingdom's army proper raised by immigrant Christians now numbers about 7000 itself and is expected to grow. The Kingdom of Morocco begins to take control of territory in  the interior of Morocco proper following the Castilian and English forces and securing the areas (this territory is being integrated into the kingdom of Morocco). The population of Morocco is an estimated 400,000 currently with an increasing amount of people settling in the country.
  • Portugal continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers start to follow the Castilian example and start to explore the African coast. São Miguel and Santa Maria continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the colony of Açores expands 600 sq km into the two recently-discovered islands, with settling starting there. Meanwhile, King Duarte falls ill. Having no surviving male issue, and his theoretical successor being his eight-year old granddaughter, Duarte nominates his brother, Pedro, Duke of Aveiro, as his successor. After Duarte dies, Pedro becomes King of Portugal and Algarves as Pedro II.
  • France: Military and economy are built up. While this, the Navy expands. Brittany officially enters the French influence sphere. In Armagnac a few officers loyal to France give up on rebels siding with the recently known Foix threat. The ambassador of Foix is captured and the alleged secret agent is decapitated. A blockade continues to be exerted at Foix. Aragon (my bad) and Castile are asked to follow the same actions. The ambassador is revealed to be still alive although being held prisoner by the French. While this, Foix is warned that any further meddling in Armagnac will result in a war. While this, several soldiers capture raiders from Foix executing them in public and several French citizens initiating their own raidings in the border with Foix.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Brittany: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up.
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up.
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up.
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up.
  • In Sanafah's second year of independence, the arrangement of equal leadership from the Sakalava chief and the Arab-Malagasy Emir continues to satisfy the people. Chieftain Tiavina Ralofaoro begins to organize the Sakalava tribes, and continues to spread a quasi-paganistic form of Sunni Islam throughout the island. Emir Amaar Rahasan, a son, is married to the heiress of the Comoros, which is brought on by historically friendly relations. Meanwhile, the Council continues infrastructure development, notably in Mahajanga, where a port is being built as well as a new Capitol building and a mosque. More large trade expeditions are sent to Swahili, Sumal and Iritriya to establish defensive pacts and potential trade deals. The expedition to the eastern islands of Dina Morgabin, or Reunion and Dina Arobi, or Mauritius return, and plans for future expansion are made. Islam continues to spread to the animistic southern chiefdoms, and a distinct merging of animism and Islam, as well as a merging of Malagasy and Arabic begins to take place. Sanafah also continues to influence the Comoros Sultanate and tribal region of Sakalava.
  • Venetian Republic:
    • Books on various topics spread from Venice throughout Europe, continuing the Renaissance. Printed in the Venetian language, they teach of the sciences and humanities and revive learning, spreading knowledge (as well as the language) far and wide..
    • With the increased supply of Ducats, the fluidity of European trade increases with Ducat using nations benefitting most.
    • Many people sentenced to death are drowned in the canals as is the Venetian tradition. The tradition is becoming the primary way to execute criminals and is spreading to the Venetian territories across Europe.
    • Fine wool and silk clothing from Titani is exported across the Mediterranean and Black Sea and begins to set the trend in Renaissance clothing.
    • Venetian trade reaches across the known world. Merchant ships carry salt, silks, glass and a collection of other goods, both common and rare. Venetian traders are the largest carriers of trade in Europe, with the thousands of ships and a trading tradition continuing to fuel this.
    • The Roscol Bank uses local subsidiaries all across Europe to fund trade, with a leaning toward funding trade with Venice. They also fund enterprises across the continent, boosting the economies of the nations which they inhabit. The Roscol Bank invests conservatively. While this doesn't bring in as much wealth as other nations' banking, such as the Dutch, it results in a much more robust level of equity.
    • Due to the stability of business and protection afforded to private enterprise in Venice, many merchants set up shop in the city despite being foreign, utilising the Venetian law to prtoect their business. Criminals and a lesss divided merchant class mean prosperity for all those involved with Venetian business in some way.
    • In Veneto: The Ducat is currently a prime currency for banking and with the Roscol Bank being the financial muscle of Venice. A new Sigilar Collegantia registers, calling itself the Masaro Collegantia. It is formed by a large land owner in the west who alone employs more peasants than any other land owner in Italy and possibly beyond. 200 ships, equally galley and cog, are decommissioned and replaced with 100 new Carros or Navebaga as they are known by commoners. Meanwhile, a discussion is held on the longevity of the arsenal of Venice. Hungary continues to boost the economy of Venice and vice versa. The Doge decides to further support Venetian culture, he funds conversions to Venetian culture across the Republic and Empire. The new business court in Venice boosts the economic stability in the Empire and with all nations that Venice trades with, making it harder for criminals to operate. Settling disputes between various merchants means that the class is less divided, while this helps economic growth it also gives them more influence as they can focus more on politics of the state than politics of trade. Dragano uses Venice again to influence Arta (Turn One of Three), going in person to treat with nobles there and speaking of protection of their powers. (responses to mod events) Glad to have secured the holy city of Alexandria, the Doge recalls the fleet and troops, however, gives leave for a new holy order to remain. The holy order, comprised of Venetians, Epirotes and Greeks who are fervent believers in the True Faith, called either the Order of Saint Mark or Cavaliers Sanmarco comprises of 1500 men at the start of the year, mostly preachers or holy warriors. By the end of the year they are 9000 strong, with half of those being in Alexandria, they provide alms, protection of the faithful and preach services to poor. They vow to protect the city of Saint Mark from ever falling to heathens again.
    • In Porto Tolle: Guido Bon is killed in a riot with Catholics as they catch him unaware while travelling through the city. The new Potensa Sasono Tajapiera is a member of the Order of Saint Mark. He brings many locals into the Order of Saint Mark, the Pretors are amongst the first to join and become the local Sacro Cavaliers, but soon many commoners and tradesmen follow. The local branch soon numbers 600. Sasono is a gentle ruler and prefers persuasion and action over the strategies of his two predecessors. The Catholics, however, are still on guard.
    • In Istra: Potensa Felle invites local Hungarian lords and Istran officials to a grand feast where they will sup on all the delights of the two realms.
    • In Scutari: Venetian forces arrive to relieve the Potensa, the 500 men break the siege and kill 50 of the rebels while driving the rest far from the city. Potensa Rolandio thanks the Venetian officer and begins levying a three Lire a head poll tax in the city, supporting the reduced guard of 150 men.
    • In Epirote Free Ports: The Sarandan trade fleet operates competently in the Adriatic, the Superpotensa dies in the later year and a new one is shortly elected. Titani clothes production continues to increase, furniture production continues to remain stable. The new Superpotensa of Preveza lowers the barriers against non-guild members. However, some express anger still. With the use of Sigilar Collegantia in Saranda and Titani, the Venetian language spreads quickly, particularly to the upper and middle classes.
    • In the Peloponnese: the Great Alm helps to educate many people, although to a very basic degree. The Order of Saint Mark develops a presence in the city amongst the priests and provides further support to the Great Alm.
    • In Attica: many people join the Order of Saint Mark, by the end of the year 1000 people across Attica support the order through various means. The Potensa of Menidi is a member too and encourages pilgramage and service in the holy city of Alexandria.
    • In Morocco: the forts construction is normal, it is estimated it will take just nine more years to build all the forts. Immigrants arrive in the cities of Venetian Morocco, further pushing the cities to the Venetian's side. Meanwhile, some Potensas also practise leniency toward the Muslim populace as well as conversion.
    • Eco-turn
  • Epirote Republic:
    • In Epirus After returning from Arta, the Doge focuses on building industry in Epirus. He tries to attract artisans from Preveza, knowing the guilds there make life difficult for indpendent craftsmen. Meanwhile, the Leone Vardia serve to herald the arrival of the Doge wherever he goes and strike awe into people with their fine clothing and armour.
    • In Valona the Gastaldo starts his work to stablise the region by appointing loyalists to key positions, especially positions which afford control of guards and revenues. He offers nobles who have fled to return in exchange for a pardon and positions as Potensa, so that he may maintain continuity in Valona, some do return but many either stay in Albania or the Ottoman Empire.
    • Eco-turn
  • Venetian Empire:
    • In the Province of Aegina Conte Thadeo has raised the towers to a height of ten feet, with 20 feet to go, it is estimated it will take another six years to complete. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Athens with the return of the ten Athenian ships, the Superpotensa sends the ships to trade with Morocco. One ship returns and reports the others were caught in a storm. The Superpotensa sends out ten more ships to search for the lost ships. In Athens he works on the living conditions in the poorer sections of the Free Port. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Candia the massive 300 oared galley is completed. Another four are commissioned, they are towering and massive vessels and are imposing against the much smaller common galleys that sail the Med. Conte Palmerio is pleased with the creation. Inf-turn
    • In the Corfiot Protectorate the 1000 men of the Red Army return. 250 new members are recruited, bringing the grand total of the Red Army to 1250 men. Seeing that Corfu will need to supply a lot of artillary products to the new larger Red Army, the Governor General orders the maintainance of a massive protected forest to supply wood for artillary products and further commissions the building of an artisan quarter in the Town of Corfu. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Kaffa Conte Simon realises that without levies he cannot muster an army, instead he decides to make a slight increase in tariffs and institutes a minor tax on salt to fund an army. Using the Black Guard and Red Army as blueprints, he orders the recruitment of 1000 common men for the Common Army of Kaffa and puts weight on recruiting from the Ruthenians and Tatars as well. Inf-turn
    • In the Naxian Protectorate the Naxian fleet maintains patrols near the waters around Alexandrian coast despite the Doge withdrawing Venetian forces, the Governor General is concerned for stability and believes that the Doge is playing at war by withdrawing. Inf-turn
    • In the Province of Negroponte Conte Rizardo, having improved the industry of Negropont, the Province begins exporting massive amounts of metal goods including weapons, armour and domestic products. Inf-turn
    • In the Free Port of Ragusa the government, having been indited with so many ex-members of the Black Guard, is now called the Black Government. Despite what the name might suggest it is a positive connotation and for many the route to a political career starts to be through the Black Guard. The Docks continue to be improved. Inf-turn
  • Safavid Persian Empire: The shah is noted abut the clash in Mesopotamia. He  declares full support for the pro-Safavid Shia army and sends them weapons to combat the Sunnis. The shah considers military intervention. Meanwhile, in the same area, more and more missionairies are sent in. Meanwhile in Persia, extra focus  and spending is placed on the military, who begins to develope their first gunpowder weapons. Sunni and Zoroastrians slowly begin to convert to Shia Islam.
  • Ming China: Ayutthaya is influenced further and relations improve. The situation in Japan improves with warming relations with the Emperor and the Shogun. Significant raids by the Mongols are detected with the Emperor deciding to soon ride forth. Haixi, Korea, Tainan, Lao Xing and Khmer all focus on their economic development. Sukhotthai continues the long process of rebuilding. Relations with the Kyushu daimyos improve. 
  • County of Oldenburg: Count Dietrich, heralded by many as one of the greatest Counts Oldenburg has ever know, dies tragically of old-age-induced illness. The entire nation mourns the passing of such a great leader. Prince-Bishop Klemens of Osnabruck presides over the funeral, and while he's in the country, he invests Dietrich's son Frederick as Count. Frederick is exactly forty years old: quite aged for someone to be taking the throne. Frederick focuses on the army. He feels that better discipline is needed in the infantry, and he also feels a need for a small cavalry section. He sets about bringing both those things about. (Mil-turn). The Court Jew arrives from Central Europe only to find his employer dead. Frederick, however, decides to employ him as financial advisor. On Neu Baltrum, the fisherman decides to go against his wife's wishes and secretly (by means of letters on OHG ships) negotiates a loan from the Jade Bank. With the money, he buys a beautiful, biggish fishing boat. His wife is furious. She kicks him out of the house and he is forced to live on his boat. The Priest and Governor Kestner both intervene as they understand that there cannot be discord in a community so small. it is decided that the Colonial Government (ie, Governor Kestner) will pay the JB back the loan, leaving the fisherman in debt to the honest Christian government istead of, in the words of the wife, the "sinful Jews". Both parties are satisfied with the ourcome. Luckily for Oldenburg's burgeoning financial sector, most Oldenburgers do not hold the fisherman's wife's extreme views on the alleged sinfulness of Jews. Indeed, many see them as being extremely useful and productive members of society; lending capital when the Christian Roscol Bank won't.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Oldenburg: Bishop Klemens focuses on the "further theocracy-ification" of the Bishopric. Klemens' plans are even more ambitious than his predecessor's. He wants to "nationalise" (ie make the Church's property) all land and serfs owned by noblemen, in effect making the Church the only feudal landholder. Serfs would retain their rights to farm their allotments, and indeed could gain more allotments out of land formerly used for the Lord of the Manor. But those plans are set aside for next year. For now, he focuses on the Order of the Seraphim, as well as the parish militias.  
    • Just to say I don't know quite what you are trying to say here about the Roscol Bank but if it's a religious thing, religion doesn't come into it. Just would like clarification on this. I love what you'e doing with the whole financial situation, though.
    • I read somehwere that in the Middle Ages, Jews were the only people who could engage in usury, because as non-Christians, they were not bound by Canon Law. As such, the Jewish-dominated Jade Bank would be more willing to lend high-risk loans than the (presumably) Christian-dominated Roscol Bank. That's all. Callumthered (talk) 23:15, March 31, 2014 (UTC)
  • '​'Andorra: We build up our military and economy. Our military sends most of its troops to help out Foix. We want Armagnac to be absorbed into our nation. The bishop declares that if Armagnac does not join us we will keep sending troops to raid and destroy your nation. Assassins are sent to kill the king of France. We send assassins into Aragon to send terror into the nation. We send troops to steal coastal land from them. Special ops troops are sent to kill government officials and burn down buildings in Aragon. A civil wars breaks out and the rebels kill the king and his family. The bishop kills himself to got get killed by the rebels.
    • Foix: We send more special ops troops into Armagnac to kill civilianstroops and pro-French officials. They also burn down all of the local businesses, military bases and churches to send fear into the state. Our military is at the border of Armagnac destroying the French outposts and scouts. Some citizens of Armagnac help us raid the state and try to persuade the state into joining us. We send troops into Aragon to steal coastal land from them. Since Andorra is in a civil war the same happens here. The rebels kill the king and his family.
    • The Bishop would never commit suicide. There are no special ops type troops at this tme. You cannot send military support while in a rebellion. Bishop doesn't have that power. You can not just kill the King of France. The citizens of Armagnac wouldn't help you as you are killing them. You cannot just steal land from stronger nations. There is no plausible cause for your nation to go into civil war. It can't just happen in one moment. SwankyJ (talk) 22:22, March 31, 2014 (UTC)  BTW, I am not a mod, but the fact that this hasn't been dealt with is frightening.
    • Yeah, this is ridiculous! Stop being an idiot with your fricken turns! You're not switching. Any more of this BS is gonna result in a three day ban! -Feud
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of it. We buy more books from China.  We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We begin building up our miltary and create even tougher practices.
  • Mughal Empire: Due to the Bengal Sultanate's declaration of war, the Mughal Empire is forced to wage a war. Calling upon the pacts with the Safavids and Bavandids, they ask for military help. Babur, hoping for the help of now independent nations still remembering the glorious days of the Timurid Empire, rapidly sends emissaries to the GhuridGhaznavidKhwarezmid and Renewed Tahirid dynasties, in effort to ask them for either military help or help through supplies (needs mod response). The military is primarily being worked on after hearing news about the attack, with infantry being conscripted among the lands. 
  • NOTE: Although it seems ridiculous for dynasties stated above to even think about helping the Mughal Empire, it was the Timurid Dynasty, through Draka, which helped the rise of said dynasties in order to create a more stable western region -Sky.
  • Ghurid Ghaznavid says yes while Khwarezmid and Tahirid are a no. -Feud
  • Ashikaga Shogunate: Shintoism is declared the official state religion in the Shogunate. Shrines and temples in the Shogunate are declared to belong to the state, with shrine donations going to the capital to be redistributed. Whilst there is mild opposition to this on principle, it does not interfere to the day to day running of the shrines and in fact allows for the renovation of some buildings in outlying areas. Meanwhile, taxes are placed on large scale trade within the Shogunate that is not conducted in the official currency, the Gintsuka. This is done in a move to maintain a steady supply of goods needed, mainly from mainland China, through the use of a stable currency.
  • Prussia: The Prussians continue to convert to the Western Church. The Prussians begin to build their army.
    • Masovia: The Kingdom of Masovia also continues recovering their economy and continues building a new national army. The Masovians continue construction of their capital at Czersk. The Masovians also continue converting to the Western Church.
    • Pomerania: The Pomeranians continue building their economy and continue building a new national army. The Pomeranians also continue converting to the Western Church.
    • Courland: The Curonians also begin developing their economy and military. The Curonians also begin converting to the Western Church.
  • Chiribaya We expand 50 km southeast.
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We continue constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas. We upgrade infrastructure, as do our vassals. We vote for Jakob von Sierk in the chancellor elections. 
  • Hesse: We do not recognize Thuringia as independent. With the current wars and rebellions going on, the already mad Ludwig I jumps off the top of the Ludwigsburg Castle, killing himself. His wife and children grieve, while Ludwig II is crowned Duke. He requests to marry Sophia of Hamburg, Heinrich III requests to marry Ennis of Eire, and Hermann IV requests to marry Hanna of Sweden. In the wake of the Thuringian Independence War, and other rebellions and issues, Ludwig II decides to enact major reforms in the government, which should reshape the economy. He enacts a new currency: the Hessian Strahlend, a series of bronze, silver, and gold coins to replace the old currency. An alliance request is sent to the Netherlands, Prussia, Eire, and Albion. We begin improving the economy.
    • Hamburger Dip: the marriage is accepted.
    • UNC Diplomacy: The marriage is graciously accepted.
    • Eire Diplomacy: We agree to betroth Ennis, as she is only 11. We accept the alliance offer.
  • Ottoman Sultanate: After hearing word of clashes within the lawless Mesopotamian region, the Sultan officially sends in as many troops as he can muster in aid of the Turkish civilians. The Sultan and the Grand Vizier draft and send a proposal to the Safavids, offering military intervention to split the former Kingdom in half, so both nations can extend control to their respective ethnic and religious factions of the area. Military is improved in case the conflict spills into Ottoman territory.
  • Ica-Nazca: We improve our infrastructure, continuing to build roads to improve trade in our new trade alliance.
    • Chancay (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We build a small fleet of fishing ships, improving our economy.
    • Chimor (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand east 5 pixels.
    • Sican (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand our military consisting of kamayuks and slingers. 
  • Koryak Confederacy: The Koryak Confederacy improves its military, expanding its navy further, with larger ships. The Confederacy's improved infrastructure improves the quality of life along its borders, convincing the East Yakuts to agree to vassalage. The western frontier is now at the OTL eastern border of the Sakha Republic. Numbers of convicts are shipped to Kodiak Island, where a smallpox survivor escapes into the island. Later in the year, natives of the island are found dead of smallpox. Trade revenues begin to fall as fewer natives arrive to trade, so the island's inhabitants turn to gold mining. Larger numbers of the population convert to Shinto/Qamism, which is highly attractive to animists among the population. Much of the population embraces all three religions.  
    • Kolmya Evenks: The population converts to Shinto. The economy is improved by the construction of fishing boats. 
    • East Yakuts: The infrastructure is improved. Some of the population settles and turns to agriculture.
  • Cuzco: Infrastructure is built up, as the quantinty of roads and paths increase. trade continues to deepen the ties between Cuzco, Wanka,and the other nations of the region as cultures continue to meet and clash, resulting in some minor instablity of the alliance.
    • Wanka: Economy is built up, increasing trade with Cuzco.
  • Rumania: Radu, now 24, leads an army against a large rebel force south of Varna. The rebels, commanded by Chavdar of Bourgass, are caught between the coast and a series of hills. Wallachian cavalry surrounds the Bulgarian peasants, and many are slain. Riots are put down in a non-lethal manner. Rebels are either pardoned or sentenced to short terms of labor. Extra food is shipped to Bulgaria to feed peasants whose crops were destroyed, or stolen by rebels. Progress is made on Gunpowder based weapons after cooperation between Roman and Rumanian gunsmiths begins.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: Riots are suppressed by loyal Boyars, and most of the populace does not actively participate in the rebellion. Work on improvements is halted due to the conflict. Several loyal nobles raise a small force of 5000 to help combat the rebels and maintain order.
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Albert and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1458 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1458, Albert II commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The planned market center in Landshut continues to attract regional traders. In religious news, the country begins converting to the Western Netherlander church. By the end of this year, around 73% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Albert II makes efforts to implement Sedevacantist policies in the government. Furthermore, Albert also arranges the Roscol Bank access to Landshut to do trading. The Venetian merchants take an interest in government bonds. Albert II will most likely not become Chancellor of the Reischregiment, due to Hamburg and Trier receiving many more votes. By the end of the year, Albert II begins to show signs of age as he needs a cane to move about.
    • Munchen: The main campus of Queen Isabell University is completed and the beginning courses include French, Latin, English, and Greek as well as theology, clergy training and mathematics being taught. By 1458, the total class amounts to about 2700 men. Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Munchen as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Straubing as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Ingolstadt as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. 
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. The Catholic clergy of Wurzburg become restless when learning they are now vassals of Grand Duke Albert of Bavaria and his Western Church. However, as Albert begins tolerating the Catholics, the Wurzburg clergy seem to calm down.
  • Caucasian Confederation: Celebrations erupt in Tbliisi, Yerevan, and Arbela alike at the liberation of Alexandria, which brings the Patriarchy of Alexandria back under Orthodox control for the first time in centuries. Georgia and its allies continue providing military support to the Copts and supplies to the Ethiopians: 6000 Copts serving with the Caucasian expeditionary force accept Alexandrian citizenship and are honorably discharged from the Jarishuri and Azbanak, while the remaining Caucasian forces push eastward in hopes of securing the Sinai peninsula for the nascent Coptic state and opening a supply line to the Ethiopian and Nubian rebels. Meanwhile, the Confederation begins supporting Assyrian rebels in Mesopotamia, hoping to secure Mosul and the fertile Tigris floodplain for the Assyrian Christians. Envoys are dispatched to the Ottomans and Safavids in order to reach a mutually agreed solution on the Mesopotamian problem. Finally, the defection of the Urmia region to Assyria provokes a political crisis: the Grand Principality of Assyria now possesses a population roughly 75% as large as that of Georgia, a strength expected to grow if Mosul is secured. Worried counselors in Tbliisi and Yerevan wonder whether the growth of Assyria will be accompanied by demands for increased political influence - and whether such demands will break the fragile alliance that has bound the Orthodox kingdoms of the Caucasus together thus far...
    • Kingdom of Georgia: In an effort to ease logistical problems caused by the expansion of trade along the Black Sea, Mepe Alexandre initiates a large-scale renovation of the nation's primary port at Batumi, improving Georgian infrastructure. He places particular emphasis on expanding the base facilities for the growing Georgian fleet, which now totals some seventy galleys and a handful of large warships (most of which are former Ottoman vessels).
    • Kingdom of Armenia: As tensions rise due to the ongoing Mesopotamian civil war, Tagavor Zhirayr rotates his commissioned officers through the Mepe Giorgi Memorial Military Academy. The courses provide a theoretical foundation to support the hard-won knowledge of Armenia's experienced officer corps, strengthening the Armenian military.
    • Grand Principality of Assyria: The reunion of Urmia with Assyria prompts particular joy in Arbela, where the increased access to skilled workers in the labor-deprived cities prompts the rapid expansion of cities like Nuhadra, strengthening the Assyrian economy. As Assyria begins suffering spillover raids from the Mesopotamian war, Mtavari Levon mobilizes the Assyrian army to a defensive stance, storing up supplies in preparation for potential conflict.
    • Principality of Rani: Despite the ongoing resistance to Georgian presence, Rani benefits economically from its association; wealth from Cyprus and Alexandria spills over the Georgian border, expanding the Ranite economy. Efforts to convert the native Azeris to Christianity continue, though only 15,000 of 155,000 Azeris have converted at this time.
    • Principality of Amier-Kavkasia: The reform of Amier-Kavkasia's somewhat backward military continues, with the first Ossetian and Avar officers traveling to Tbliisi to receive a formal education. The resulting rise in discipline among the often-impulsive Kavkasian formations improves the quality of the Kavkasian army and relieves Tavadi Garegin's headaches.
  • Eire: We rejoice when Thomond and later other Irish states lay down arms and join us, and 55 years after King Thomas' fateful dream, Eire becomes fully united, save the city of Dublin, which remains independent and remaining so for the forseeable future. Celebrations occur in towns across Eire, and the King and his entourage tours Eire, with the help of the new road system. We begin expanding roads to newly-acquired regions in Eire, hoping to connect all major towns, and spread new Irish ideals such as Occidentalism (Western Catholicism) and pro-Albionism. Stabilization after years of expansion continues, with many soldiers in the military for years during Eire's fighting begin to settle down, and the navy continues to be built up. Cork and Ballydrogheda undergo a renaissance, as the unification of Ireland allows for the ability to export products from all across the Isle. As such, trade increases. the King begins to modernize the military forces, with the eventual forces consisting of a main line of pikemen, Gaelic skirmishers on the flanks, crossbowmen behind the skirmishers, and the cavalry behind all. Wool begins to become a more popular farm product, with a few people living in the towns beginning to manufacture cloth in small quantities. The King asks for a book on tactics from the Romans, with money given in return. (Inf-turn)
    • '​'​Leinster: Celebrations go off as the Isle is united. Leinster, however, remains a vassal state, a member of the Confederation of Eire and Albion, but not of Eire proper, and is granted special status in autonomy from Eire. Roads expand in Leinster, tying it fully with the rest of Eire. (Inf-turn)
  • In Mangut Nikvkhgu of this period, the new civilization was slowly becoming something that actually resembled such. While there indeed were no pastries, iron blades were becoming quite sophiticated (MILITARY TURN), and indeed this is the period where we find the archaeological evidence that the  Second Mang Nivkh, son of Mang Hangut and referred to in ancient writings only as "The Resplendent One",  had indeed commissioned the building of a large kitchen in the stone fortress from which he ruled. So indeed we have now reached the point in the story where the storied Nivkh culinary tradition did begin - albeit humbly, given that excavations have mostly found iron woks and the remnants of reindeer. However, there is some eveidence that dried Szechuan peppercorns had found their way intl the kitchens and that a Nivkh spin on chinese cooking had begun to take root. Perhaps more importantly for those not obsessed with the culinary world, records show that the interior of the palace palace was decorated richly with blue Buddhist art, and that the monestary founded by Master Xin had grown large and strong. It was also around this time that the leader of the monastery had begun to develop a power base in his own right, and it was around this time that the leader was first referred to as "The Reindeer Lama", although it is not yet established whether the first Reindeer Lama was considered by his followers to be a re-incarnated Bodhisatva, as the modern holders of the title are. 
  • Netherlands: With the collapse of the TImirud empire and the State in Egypt, Dutch Merchants begin looking at their exploration along the african coast with much greater interest. greater funds are granted to expeditions and the outpost in OTL Nigeria is giving much greater attention, with it being fortified to and a dock is to be constructed. The expedition begins exploring farther south along the Kongo Coast. Naval expansion begins once more, as newer ship designs are put forth. dominance over the north sea along with london continues as Amsterdam grows in importance. Cultural and scientific development grows as Brussels and Amsterdam start producing some of the finest works of the era. The printing press used by the Wallon poet catches the attention of other writers and more of the devices are purchased and employed throughout the lowlands. Production of matchlocks and cannons continue on a large scale, and are sold to Netherland's allies. Maurice van Nassau becomes greatly interested in navigation and requests money to outfit an expedition of his own which is reluctantly granted by his father.
  • Hungary and all its vassals and puppet states expand militarily and economically. Poland expands its armed forces too, increasing the strength of it troops by focusing on the training of more knights to fight for the nation. Sigismund orders all of his forces to keep attacking the rebels, as great victories are won. Resources for the construction of the ports are allocated too, and the land needed is brought.
  • The Jochid Ulus at last officially annexes its territories gained in the Karelian War, ending hostilities with both Muscovy and Novgorod. More Russians are deported across the border, replaced with Jochid-loyal Mordvins and Meschschera immigrating into the land, most notably Aloosh, the most notably-depopulated area of the annexed territory. Most ulus return to their homes. Influence of Azov continues, with Chernobog gaining prominence as chief agricultural facet of the Mastoravic God. The economy, after the long period of influence, begins to grow. The Chagatay Khanate continues to be proposedly split, with the Mughal example being agreed upon. The reform movement, led by Prince Arslan, picks up speed.
    • Great Perm continues its implementation of the ruble, which makes its economy grow.
    • Adyghea's economy increases. Thoughts of implementing the ruble begin.
  • Trier: We upgrade our military and economy. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne, and Austria and her vassals. We dedicate this turn to infrastructure expansion, building several defenses, and roads to link towns across the nation. Fortifications around our capital are improved and updated. Archbishop-Elector Jakob von Sierk begins his term as chancellor, and he thanks all his allies for their support.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to work on its infrastructure projects to better integrate the new provinces to the rest of the nation. Trade begins to expand a bit due to the restoration of Thessalonica as a major trade port, but trade also falls due to the collapse of the Mashriq Sultanate. The Roman Navy steps up its patrols in those areas in order to protect Roman and allied trade ships. The small contingent of troops in Alexandria continue to train the Copts there and protect the city.
    • Albania: Construction of the main castles and roads in the nation continues. More Albanians continue to migrate to the new nation, although they still hold to the belief that their original homelands should be part of the new nation.
  • Aragon expands its navy, economy, and infrastructure. Trade power expands and free thinking is encouraged. Arts are sponsored by the rich, who are slowly becoming mostly merchants due to increasing wealth of merchants due to trade. Aragon begins to fund far flung voyages along the coast of Africa, using Castilian and Portuguese maps. King Charles voices his intent for Aragonese ships to reach the tip of Africa. Cyrenaica expands inland.
    • You didn't buy any maps from either of us .... and the only person even that far down is me ... Regardless, I didn't sell you maps for that far down and so far as I know, you don't know the tip of Africa exists (nobody does) ... -Feud
  • Oyo Empire: With the virus having burnt itself out years ago, the Oyo re-emerge from the pandemic to see that most of their enemies have perished after the virus spread into the surrounding region. Explorers find nothing but empty villages with hundreds of skeletons and partially decomposed bodies. In the small cities, thousands of die and still dying remain. The Oyo use this as an advantage, and expand 5000 km into the lands of their dead enemies, especially so since the virus has disappeared. Asaaju Olorun who has survived the issue with his ideals intact, parades the plague around as a divinely sent message that Oyo shall endure, especially once the old and infirm made up nearly all of those Oyo slain by the virus. With the worst over, the Oyo get back to developing their naval technologies, with the yanyan ships proving to be useful. With the deadline of 1480-90 set ahead of them to develop full seafaring capabilities, the Oyo continue their work with the future set before them.
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of it. We buy more books from China. We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We begin building up our miltary and create even tougher practices. We battle the Mongols tiringly.

1459

In the warring remnants of the former Timurid Empire, much of the Central Asian lands are overrun by the Uzbeks, who begin to rally support behind their cause.

The nations of Berg and Munster relinquish all ties to the nation of Hesse after receiving news of the Duke of Hesse’s covert actions to persuade them to become vassals. Both nations prepare for war if necessary, and pledge to defend each other against Hesse if they attempt to attack. (This is following discrepancies regarding the vassalage of Munster and the surrounding area, and conflicting influence from other states.)

By this point, most of the Turkish Ghazis have either been executed, defeated in battle, or captured and deported to the Ottomans. As such, most bandits in Macedonia disband rather than face Roman justice, although some persist.

Albert von Wettin of the Electorate of Saxony is wed to Anne of Habsburg, somewhat repairing relations between Austria and Saxony.

The Mongol Khanate scales the Great Wall of China and besieged the northern capital of Yan (Beijing). The also attack the Alliance of the Four Oirats in an attempt at preventing them from providing aid and in an attempt to knock them out.

Emperor Albert II issues a formal invitation to the nation of Prussia to ask that they consider joining the Holy Roman Empire, with full representation in the Reichsregiment.

  • Ica-Nazca: We improve our infrastructure, building walls and huts that allow slingers to safely fire upon enemies.
    • Chancay (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We build more fishing ships, improving our economy.
    • Chimor (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand east 10 pixels.
    • Sican (vassal of Ica-Nazca): We expand our military consisting of kamayuks and slingers. 
  • Aztec Empire: Emperor Montezuma II [39] is very pleased with the success and expansion of the Aztec Empire. We expand 10 px northeast along the Gulf Coast, nearing the Cahokia. With the expansion during this year, the Emperor begins to grow more weary of the hostile tribes, although they lie in the west their presence is most definitely noted, therefor not planning on expanding for another 5-10 years. Centralization continues throughout the land. Military is expanded and Cuachtemoc [29] being pleased with Tezcacoatl's [5] growth. He is young and begins to learn how to read and write as his father teaches him the culture and the history of the Aztec people. Infrastructure is expanded with schools and hospitals now at large around the empire. Quatzecoatl [one] begins to grow and talk and takes his first steps a month into the new year. The navy is minimally expanded. Xilopolco is still fortified. Large towers are constructed around the octagonal corners, and the defenders learn drills and tactics to quickly defend the gates and walls from a siege or attack. Economy is expanded increasing the fleet of fishing ships to a massive amount [501]. The military now reaches a height of 50,000 warriors. The population climbs to four million. Due to the great progress of the empire, the Emperor Montezuma II lowers taxes, as enough profits are being made on the large mining and farming industry. Cuachtemoc's wife, Icnoyotl, becomes pregnant.
  • Prussia: The Prussians continue to convert to the Western Church. The Prussians begin to build their army. The Prussians agree to join the HRE. Karl reforms the Empire into a Kingdom, as there can only be one Emperor in the HRE.
    • Masovia: The Kingdom of Masovia also continues recovering their economy and continues building a new national army. The Masovians continue construction of their capital at Czersk. The Masovians also continue converting to the Western Church. The Masovians agree to join the HRE.
    • Pomerania: The Pomeranians continue building their economy and continue building a new national army. The Pomeranians also continue converting to the Western Church. The Pomeranians agree to rejoin the HRE.
    • Courland: The Curonians also begin developing their economy and military. The Curonians also begin converting to the Western Church. The Curonians agree to join the HRE.
  • The Kingdom of England (member state of the Kingdoms of Greater Albion): English military and navy are expanded with many new war cogs being added to the English fleets. The North Sea trade is almost completely dominated by the North Sea Trading Alliance (Holland and Albion, mostly). Nordic and English culture continues to blend, with stories of the mythical Norse gods becoming popular reading among the wealthy segments of the population. Scotland continues to integrate the government fully with that of England and of Albion in full. Work with the Celts continue in Scotland and Ireland working to bring the two cultures closer together. Albion sends more explorers to Africa, particularly in the OTL regions of Sierra Leone and the Ivory Coast. Edmund Trading Port in OTL Sierra Leone continues to see expansive trade and is renamed Edmundburgh. Due to the damage to the palaces, King Edmund elects to move the seat of Albion temporarily to York while the repairs to central London continues. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. New and larger, more powerful ships are built as well as the Albionic equivalent to the Norse Karak, but with more guns and a slightly larger masthead. English explorers begin to map the coast of Africa for the King, making it down the coast near OTL Gabon. James Severus' famous book, The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past becomes a popular read across the Isles and is shipped abroad with trade merchants, spreading Anglo-Celt culture far and wide. Hearing of the instability in Morocco through traders and through government channels, a small English fleet is detached with an army to be used at the will of Castile and Morocco to help defend the territory. The Albion foreign minister states it is because of religious conviction as well as a concern of instability in the region, that these troops are offered. After decades of construction, the navy now hovers at more than 140 ships from England (Wales and England) alone, with the combined fleets of all of Albion the number is closer to 200, a feat that would not have been possible without the wisdom of the Admiralty. The hope is by the end of the next few decades the fleet size will double. The navy has always been, and will continue to be, a priority of His Majesty's crown government. In Albion, the first books are printed in English, inspiring a nationalistic attitude among the population. several books including The Eddies of Great Albion are translated into English, as well as Gaelic. The Aeneid becomes the first of a string of classical literature printed in the Isles and is distributed throughout. Foix is demanded to back down.(Whomever is playing as the foix better cut the crap or i am banning you for implausibility.)
    • In this time of great trading and exploration, Sigismund II of Hungary would like to re-affairm all alliances with Great Albion and England. We hope to increase the levels of trading currently conducted with the nation and we hope our merchants can freely trade with the English.
    • Dublin: After the years of upgrading, Dublin becomes a shining jewel in the Eire. Dublin founds the Bank of Eire as an offshoot of the Bank of England. The Bank of England sees modernization. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North. The Eddies of Great Albion: Poetry from the Past becomes a popular read in Dublin, one of the most important trading ports in Eire. 
    • Wales: The Welsh military and navy are expanded. The Welsh begin to see the fruits of all the English banking investments as large areas of the nation see improvements in infrastructure. Representation in the Albion Parliament increases as a minor population boom in and around Cardiff begins. The Albionic and English Navies are continuously and massively expanded in an effort to retain control over the waters of the North.
  • Duchy of Hamburg: the Archbishop of Madgeburg is continued to be petitioned to provide resources in exchange for protection. Meanwhile, Bruchhausen and Lippe are both integrated into Hamburg. Finally, the University of Lüneburg is completed and its first class is due to begin in 1460. Meanwhile, the HTSC begins investing in voyages past Williamsburg, the first set for a 1465 sail date. Repairs to the Heinrich II Von Hamburg are completed, as it is scheduled to be the lead ship in it. Hamburg denounces Münsters and Bergs uprising against its ally Hesse, calling their claims "baseless". In other news, in response to the increase to the passage tax for the Øresund as a result of the Treaty of St Patriksburg, the port facilities on the Baltic coast of the Saxe-Lauenburg province are improved. Prussia, Pskov, and any other Baltic nation wishing to bypass the Øresund tax are extended offers to use it, citing their tax is lower than that of passing through the Øresund. The HTSC establishes a land route from the Baltic to Hamburg.
  • France: Military and economy are built up. While this, the Navy expands. Brittany officially enters the French influence sphere. In Armagnac a few officers loyal to France give up on rebels siding with the recently known Foix threat. The ambassador of Foix is captured and the alleged secret agent is decapitated. A blockade continues to be exerted at Foix. Aragon (my bad) and Castile are asked to follow the same actions. The ambassador is revealed to be still alive although being held prisoner by the French. While this, Foix is warned that any further meddling in Armagnac will result in a war. While this, several soldiers capture raiders from Foix executing them in public and several French citizens initiating their own raidings in the border with Foix.
    • Burgundy: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Brittany: Military and navy are built up, economy expands.
    • Berry: Military and economy are built up.
    • Bourbon: Military and economy are built up.
    • Lorraine: Military and economy are built up.
    • Verdun: Military and economy are built up.
    • Armagnac: Military and economy are built up. 
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up.
  • In Sanafah's 'third year of independence, the arrangement of equal leadership from the Sakalava chief and the Arab-Malagasy Emir continues to satisfy the people. Chieftain Tiavina Ralofaoro continues to organize and influence the Sakalava tribes, and continues to spread a quasi-paganistic form of Sunni Islam throughout the island. Emir Amaar Rahasan probes relations with Sofala the site of a possible future vassal. Meanwhile, the Council continues infrastructure development, notably in Mahajanga, where a port is being built as well as a new Capitol building and a mosque. Slash and burn tactics begin slowly to clear land for the expanding population. More large trade expeditions are sent to Swahili, Sumal, and Iritriya to continue good relations. Plans continue for the settlement of Dina Morgabin, or Reunion and Dina Arobi, or Mauritius. Islam continues to spread to the animistic southern chiefdoms, and a distinct merging of animism and Islam, as well as a merging of Malagasy and Arabic begins to take place.
  • Portugal continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries. Meanwhile, wheat continues to be cultivated in Leiname. By this time, the colony in Leiname starts to export wheat to Portugal. Meanwhile, some Portuguese explorers start to follow the Castilian example and start to explore the African coast. São Miguel and Santa Maria continue to be settled. Meanwhile, the colony of Açores expands 600 sq km into the two recently-discovered islands, with settling starting there.
  • County of Oldenburg: Count Frederick builds up the military. He remains silent on the events in Munster and Berg. In Neu Baltrum, the fisherman's gamble seems to have paid off. His increased haul has given him a vastly increased income, and he pays back his debts to Governor Kestner in record time.
    • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabruck: The Bishop begins a period whereby Manor Lords can voluntarily give up their manors to the Church, and receive modest compensation. A few strongly religious Lords do, but the majority merely laugh at the Bishop's demands. In response, Bishop Klemens writes a pamphlet on how he thinks a Prince-Bishopric should be run. He postulates that all farmland should be directly owned by the church. He claims that in cutting out the Manor Lord, the serfs get more land to use, and are only obliged to pay their tithe (as opposed to the tithe and the lord's taxes). This method, he writes, will be advantageous for all. The pamphlet is sent to Italy for printing, and will be distributed to all Prince-Bishops within the HRE. Meanwhile, the Order of the Seraphim continues training and gaining members. 
  • Safavid Persian Empire: The Uzbek threats unnerve us, and we ask our alies to the north and east to prepare for invasion. Meanwhile in Mesopotamia, more and more Pro-Safavid riots occur, under the backing of the Safavid military. Missionaries are sent in as well to try to convert the Sunni population. We continue to build the wall around Isfahan. Our economy continues to grow, and trade with our neighbors continue. The ruling family gives birth to a son, who is named after his father proper. We continue to deter Zoroastrian and Sunni missionaries from entering the nation. 
  • Koryak Confederacy: The Koryak Confederacy sees opportunity in the Mongol attacks on China. 5000 light cavalry are sent south to raise the tribes of southern Siberia with the promise of plunder and attack the Mongols from the North (war declared on Mongol Khanate). Specifically, envoys are sent to the Nenets, Yukaghir, Buryats, Tatars, Yenisei and Tuvans. (Mod Response Needed)Naval assistance is sent to China also.
    • 1. Too many troops.
    • 2. Horses can't survive the conditions there in the winter.
      • All of the tribes remain uninterested by the offer. 
    • All of my cavalry ride reindeer. Or Bactrian camels. Just saying.
  • Chukchis: Expand 2000 km east. 
  • East Yakuts: Improve econmy by increasing agriculture.
  • The Sparkle Ming Empire launches its Western Army of 500,000 at the Mongol's while a portion of the Northern Army knocks out the seige of Yan. A two-horned attack into the Mongol heartland is conducted, led by the Emperor-Princess himself. The Zhengtong Emperor-Princess remains bedbound and is too ill to issue orders. Haixi, Korea, Tainan, Lao Xing and Khmer all work on their economies. Sukhotthai continues rebuilding. Ayutthaya is influenced further with a visit from the hair. Plans to reclaim the rest of Sukhotthai are on the forefront of the negotiation table. A marriage between Ayutthaya and Khmer is also discussed with the two groups under external pressures to both comply. Relations with Neighpon's Emperor and the Kyushu Daimyos improve.
    • Ayutthaya: We graciously agree.
  • Venetian Republic:
    • Books on various topics spread from Venice throughout Europe, continuing the Renaissance. Printed in the Venetian language, they teach of the sciences and humanities and revive learning, spreading knowledge (as well as the language) far and wide..
    • With the increased supply of Ducats, the fluidity of European trade increases with Ducat using nations benefiting most.
    • Many people sentenced to death are drowned in the canals as is the Venetian tradition. The tradition is becoming the primary way to execute criminals and is spreading to the Venetian territories across Europe.
    • Fine wool and silk clothing from Titani is exported across the Mediterranean and Black Sea and begins to set the trend in Renaissance clothing.
    • Venetian trade reaches across the known world. Merchant ships carry salt, silks, glass and a collection of other goods, both common and rare. Venetian traders are the largest carriers of trade in Europe, with the thousands of ships and a trading tradition continuing to fuel this.
    • The Roscol Bank uses local subsidiaries all across Europe to fund trade, with a leaning toward funding trade with Venice. They also fund enterprises across the continent, boosting the economies of the nations which they inhabit. The Roscol Bank invests conservatively. While this doesn't bring in as much wealth as other nations' banking, such as the Dutch, it results in a much more robust level of equity.
    • Due to the stability of business and protection afforded to private enterprise in Venice, many merchants set up shop in the city despite being foreign, utilising the Venetian law to protect their business. Criminals and a less divided merchant class mean prosperity for all those involved with Venetian business in some way.
    • In Veneto the Roscol Bank invests in upgrading its own fleet to Carros, its 100 galley/cog fleet is to be half replaced by the new Carro. The Masaro Collegantia builds up western settlements and takes over much of the bread and butter industry there, including having a practical monopoly on farming products in the region. 200 ships, equally galley and cog, are decommissioned and replaced with 100 new Carros or Navebaga as they are known by commoners. This brings the numbers of ships to 2200 galleys, 1400 cogs and 200 Carros. The arsenal is decided to be out of date by the Maxór Conségio and the various other political powers that be, therefore a renovation is commissioned, to make the arsenal more multi-purpose when it comes to manufacturing of ships in general. Hungary continues to boost the economy of Venice and vice versa. The Doge decides to further support Venetian culture, he funds conversions to Venetian culture across the Republic and Empire. The new business court in Venice boosts the economic stability in the Empire and with all nations that Venice trades with, making it harder for criminals to operate. Settling disputes between various merchants means that the class is less divided, while this helps economic growth it also gives them more influence as they can focus more on politics of the state than politics of trade. Upon finding Arta to be stoutly against them and with Epirus invading to conquer it, Venice decides to join them, sending ships and mercenaries to assist in the conquest. The Order of Saint Mark continues to grow in size and influence, numbering now 17,000 members and still growing. The first members of the legislative and executive convert to the Order of Saint Mark. The Order of Saint Mark spreads to nations near Venetian territories and Alexandria bringing with it the beliefs of the True Faith, which has yet to be properly named. The beliefs of faith are popular amongst commoners especially those who feel the church does no practice the faith properly. Alexandria is slowly becoming more and more of a hub of the True Faith.
    • In Porto Tolle Potensa Sasono wins over the Catholics of Porto Tolle, by preaching his beliefs more softly and in a relate-able manner. Further he rectifies the issues with the previous Pretors by arresting those responsible for sinful actions against the people. He sets about recruiting converts into Pretors as to replace those he has lost. The Order of Saint Mark spreads further with 1000 members in the region now making Porto Tolle a stronghold for the Cavaliers Sanmarco.
    • In Istra Potensa Felle dies in the early year, his successor is a well-known Pretor, nicknamed "The Justice of Pola" for his actions. The new Potensa Balsamo Paxe increases the number of Pretor and is a recent convert to the True Faith, he sets about ridding the town of Pola of its sinful activities.
    • In Scutari Potensa Rolandio is found murdered in his bed, soon after Ros Romaso returns with his men and assumes the position of Potensa. He disbands the 150 loyalists and puts his own men in charge, further he soon arrests the loyalist officers and drowns them. He pays 100 of his best men to kill the rest of his men, knowing them to be easily brought. Many people live in fear of Romaso le Ros.
    • In Epirote Free Ports a drought falls upon the area. Superpotensa Eustratius Chostantin of Saranda speaks with the Saranda Trading Collegantia, and arranges for extra food imports to keep both the Sarandan area fed and to make profit from Epirus. Superpotensa Marianus Metochites of Titani does the same as Eustratius. However in Preveza, Superpotensa Nathaniel Vlastos finds that merchants are unwilling to trade food with them, while the Merchants Guild has insufficient capacity to supply the food needed to feed Preveza's large population. Many starve. Veneto is now growing amongst the lower classes as certain words enter their vocabulary.
    • In the Peloponnese the Great Alm continues to increase education amongst the lower classes and with that the True Faith also grows. The local Order of Saint Mark grows, largely from religious masters, priests and learned men making the Peloponnese branch unique to the majority of mixed and Cavalier based branches.
    • In Attica the local Order of Saint Mark grows to 1800 people, they also recruit 300 peasants who sail to Alexandria to begin their work as Cavalier Sanmarco.
    • In Morocco the forts construction is normal, it is estimated it will take just eight more years to build all the forts. Immigrants arrive in the cities of Venetian Morocco, further pushing the cities to the Venetian's side. Meanwhile, some Potensas also practise leniency toward the Muslim populace as well as conversion.
    • War-turn
  • Epirote Republic:
    • In Epirus a drought falls upon the lands. The Doge receives a joint letter from the nobles of Arta refusing vassalisation in any terms and stating that they will not recognise the treaty of Adrianople, angered he decides to eliminate the Ottoman-aligned leadership decisively. He summons his Leone Vardia and musters an army, he tells his magistrates to offer one and a half of the times the amount of pay to volunteers and with the droughts added in, he offers a sum of grain to any family who gives one volunteer to the army. 12,000 men are mustered and the Doge marches them south. The mountains present an issue in movement. However, the small Artan army aims to avoid conflict. When the Doge approached the capital of Mesolongi, he brought several packed mangonels in case of fortifications and sure enough a wooden palisade had been raised. The siege results in three days of bombardment before the Artan army appears in the Epirote rear, while only 1000 men strong they cut through the western mangonels and cause a good few hundred to rout or be killed. The Doge rouses his forces and leads from the front, guarded by his Leone Vardia. Another thousand or so men retreat or are killed before the Doge forms up a battleline, the Artan force lines up too but thinly and still not as wide as the Epirote force. However, the Venetian mercenaries arrive just then and take the Artans in the rear, the Doge charges wanting to be shown as winning the battle with Epirote hands. They surround and slaughter the Artans and capture or kill most nobles. The Doge then reforms and marches with his Epirote-Venetian force on the town, they storm the walls and despite much arrow fire do not waver in formation. Before the day is done the town is theirs and the Doge declares Arta annexed.
    • In Valona a drought falls upon the lands. Despite calls, the Gastaldo tells the Doge that he cannot go south, with the drought he needs all efforts in the home territories. Quickly he forms emergency caravans filled with grain purchased from whoever will sell it, he sends the caravans to all major settlements and also arranges for another group of caravans to ensure that all town granaries are filled at all times. People flee to the major settlements and some stay to live off the grain there and other take their ration and go to their homes again. Importantly there is little violence or breakdown of order.
    • War-turn
  • Venetian Empire:
    • In the Province of Aegina due to issues with shipments, the towers only rise 1 foot, leaving 19 feet to go. Mil-turn
    • In the Free Port of Athens the ships return saying they found no signs of the ships except a seriously destroyed wreckage on a rock not far from the western Castilian islands. The Superpotensa damns the ships and is forced to purchase ten more. Eco-turn
    • In the Province of Candia the four remaining 300 oared galleys are completed. Wanting to test the might of his vessels, he sends them to assist the Epirotes in their invasion of Arta, the Artan fleet is caught of the southern coast. Despite outnumbering the Candian fleet four to one, the 300 oar vessels crush the Artans, and the sheer amount of archers and marines allows them to outshoot and overpower the Artans. They then join with the Corfiot Fleet and begin securing all the minor fishing villages and small ports. War-turn
    • In the Corfiot Protectorate a drought falls upon the island. This causes many to seek pay in the Red Army, 500 new recruits begin training. Meanwhile, the Governor General declares war on Arta to support the Epirote Republic, he sends the Red Army of Corfu along the coast to capture fishing villages and ports. On Corfu the forest for the Red Army grows and is nicknamed the Red Forest for its utility. The artisan quarter continues building and many people immigrate to the island to seek work in the quarter. War-turn
    • In the Province of Kaffa the Common Army of Kaffa recruits 250 men, of which half are Ruthenian and Tatar but mainly Tatar. The taxes cause a slight drain to the boom of the Kaffan economy, but Conte Simon is confident that the drain will not continue for long. Mil-turn
    • In the Naxian Protectorate the Governor General refuses to get involved in Arta. He continues to maintain Naxian patrols around Alexandria. Mil-turn
    • In the Province of Negroponte riches flow into the province as the Negroponteans begin supplying a large amount of weapons and armour to the various armies of the Venetian Empire and beyond. Further domestic products like plates and sculptures bring in revenue from the richer cities of the Mediterranean. Eco-turn
    • In the Free Port of Ragusa the Black Government continues to improve the facilities of Ragusa and implements a law giving freedom from taxation to all members of the Black Guard. While this does cause a drain on the treasury, it serves to increase the loyalty of the Black Guard without having to pay them more. Mil-turn
  • Kamakura: We start to build up our military for a state of war. We encourage other Japanese states to come trade with us. We tell everyone in our area that we will become the head state of Japan, no matter what. We are experimenting with armor, as we try to become more powerful.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate: The Shogun views with interest the expansionist statement of the Kamakura, but at this moment sees no need to worry due to the dominant position of the Shogunate. Shinto within the Shogunate continues to be centralised, with shrines being and easy way to raise funds for the treasury. A body of administrators is set up to provide a centralised hierachy in the religion closely linked to the Shogun.
    • Kamakura Diplomacy: We would like to exit the Northern Coltation of states with a trade deal with Ashikaga.
    • Ashikaga Dip: The Shogun releases the Kamakura clan from the Northern Coalition and supports closer trading ties with the Daimyo.
  • Netherlands: With the collapse of the TImirud empire and the State in Egypt, Dutch Merchants begin looking at their exploration along the african coast with much greater interest. greater funds are granted to expeditions and the outpost in OTL Nigeria is giving much greater attention, with it being fortified to and a dock is to be constructed. The expedition begins exploring farther south along the Kongo Coast. Naval expansion begins once more, as newer ship designs are put forth. dominance over the north sea along with london continues as Amsterdam grows in importance. Cultural and scientific development grows as Brussels and Amsterdam start producing some of the finest works of the era. The printing press used by the Wallon poet catches the attention of other writers and more of the devices are purchased and employed throughout the lowlands. Production of matchlocks and cannons continue on a large scale, and are sold to Netherland's allies. Maurice van Nassau becomes greatly interested in navigation and requests money to outfit an expedition of his own which is reluctantly granted by his father.
  • Now, not that I have anything against Netherlands exploring the African coast, I do want you to bear in mind that with the stabilization of the Mughal Empire, Safavid dynasty and their relationships trade has been resurfacing in Central Asia, if we ignore the Tibetan block. -Sky
  • Chiribaya: We begin to reform our government structure, basing it on the government of Cuzco.
  • Castile: The Castilian economy continues a larger process of pulling in more money through trade. The infrastructure of Castile is also expanded more. Castile, in order to facilitate more conversions to Christianity, imposes higher taxes on non-Christians in the areas it controls personally or by proxy through its vassals. Castile has successfully mapped large parts of the African coast south of Morocco and down as far as their trade posts in the Kongo these are kept secret.  The Castilian nobility begins to adapt toward a newer system to revamp or work on their power as they move toward becoming advisors to the king and less involved in their feudal estates which while growing have developed Guilds to facilitate payments for the efforts of the men working, The expert worksmanship of many of these men has seen notable increase in productivity for each feudal state with most lords not complaining. The Kingdom's cities begin to be improved with better sanitation and the King hires architects to plan out a sewer system, as well as a true plan for multiple major cities. Castile begins a major process of researching the matchlocks acquired from the nethelrands  acquired and develops its own version which is used to replace the older weapons. which is finally finished. The construction of a new kind of warship with cannons is completed - a heavy warship much more powerful than most other ships of the time. The King notices the heavily increased productivity and income flow due to his hands off policy and non-interference and begins to allow artists, minstrels and other artistic and scientific minds to become more prevalent in Castile, many believe the Castilian Renaissance is imminent. Castile, due to its naval range, high income, extensive and dominant trade network, becomes one of the largest and most dynamic trade empires of the Atlantic and Western Mediterranean. The Castilian navy with its new heavy warships and some new updated designs for older ships organizes a heavy royal fleet phasing out past organizations. The Royal army of Castile has now almost wholly replaced the previous feudalistic military forces and has a size of nearly 50,000 and growing thanks in part to the good funding being provided by the king. In order to make up for lost power the King as behest of his new wife, and several of his friends who are nobles create a king's advisory council which officially has the power of the king in many matters if authorized. The men are also given station to criticize the kings actions to keep him from going crazy with power. The Knights Hospitaller are moved more into Castile with their professional fighting strength and religious zeal used to patrol the borders of Castile's Gibraltar province. The Knights are also given the authority to police the majority Christian Tangiers now, and effectively prevent many Muslims from coming over the border to wreak havoc.  Castile's navy, now heavily funded and expanded greatly, reaches a large amount of combat and tradeworthy ships and with its trade from Oyo, and various supply bases establishes military and trade dominance over the West African areas as well as its locality in the Mediterranean. The Castilian trade dominance in West Africa remains unbudged as Castile directly owns and has the majority of the gold and ivory trades coming out of West and North Africa. Castile's population reaches around 5.7 million and growing. (I have been focusing heavily on growth of population and have not been involved in nearly the amount of destructive wars as OTL Castile has been). The Castilian Renaissance reaches its full swing with art and scientific advancement being allowed by the State as many of the religious fanatics and dissidents are fighting in Morocco, along with this, the highly respected middle and artisan classes are able to afford a much better living with various artists painting great works and with one even gaining an audience with the royal family for a painting. The Castilian navy reaches a large force of nearly 550 ships using the huge funding from Castile's conquests, trading, and other situation to fund this navy.   The technology of the Castilian navy is improved heavily as the king begins to focus more on the quality of his ships rather than the quantity which results in better quality ships (like an early carrack and my previously developed pre-galleon). The exploration continues just below the Kongo as the Castilian exploration parties manage to gather supplies from the Kongo's friendlier tribes. These exploratory parties have reached OTL southern Angola and a little bit farther south but supply constraints and lack of knowledge of the area prevents further progress. Castile begins sending missionaries to the Kongo to convert the Friendlier tribes which is relatively successful. Castile continues to convert to the Western Church with the king and his royal family attempting to preach about the new church and its benefits to the common man and not keeping them in the dark. The Conversion to the Western/Consuete Church continues with a relative majority accepting following the issues with nobility.  The Castilian navy with new ships replacing the old ones begins military drills for preparedness and experience. Castile also now not having the troop strength to hold onto Tangiers anymore (due to the war) transfers control of the city and surrounding area to the kingdom of Morocco. With the independence of Alexandria sends major amounts of aid to the Christians in Alexandria and begins basing more ships in Cyprus to help support them. King Henry seeing Oyo having mostly collapsed established multiple trading posts in the area to talk with the natives and continues to trade heavily in gold and somewhat in Ivory. The King also has a child with his Aragonian wife named Elizabeta (scraw didn't have a name i had to make one up) named Ferdinand who is now 2. The Castilian navy begins establishing multiple trade posts up and down the african coasts more for contact and conversions to christianity rather than full blown trade in multiple areas. The Castilian king Henry IV funds an eploratory fleet down from Congo to map the area and identify areas suitable for a trade posts or resupply point with the expressed purpose of reaching India by the close of the Century. This objective is kept a secret from most everyone but the ships men and captains and the closest members of the Castilian court. King Henry begins to act somewhat irrationally obsessed with power to a degree but the advisory members of the king manage to reign him in and begin the push toward giving the kings council some real power. This is supported by the majority of the nobles and given his recent behaviour most of the Kings family backs it up as well. King Henry reluctantly relents and gives some real power to the kings council (this does not mean i have just randomly transformed into a parliamentary monarchy its just one of many looooong stepping stones toward it in the 1600's and 1700's) The Castilian navy begins pushing the exploratory border to the southern tip of Angola and into northern Namibia.
    • Kingdom of Granada: The Kingdom of Granada is formed with quick help thanks to Castile and the kingdom begins to recruit local Christians to help fight in the army. The economy, while meager, is growing. However, the country focuses heavily on fighting the Civil war at hand organizing areas beyond the area of control to help gain Christian allies as they begin to kill Muslim forces. The Civil war is far from over (they expanded this turn due to Castile forming them.) The Kingdom is formed in a relatively common way as the Muslims are currently being fought as what is deemed "hispanic tradition."  The Kingdom itself is relatively successful in fighting the Muslims in its general locale and has secure its main territory just offset from Gibraltar relatively easily. The Prince of Granada is a Castilian noble named Juan Cortez who is extremely biased against Muslims due to his father's death in the original war against Morocco over Gibraltar. Many of the Muslims within the new kingdom's borders are put to the sword and periodic raids and support parties are sent out to help Christian forces fight in the disorganized lands. The country also begins a relatively large buildup of the road system repairing it from damage from the civil war. The countries armed forces also begin to fight the remaining Muslims in the mountains and begin the force conversion of the remaining Muslims in Granada.
    • Kingdom of the Canaries: The Canaries are able to build upon the multiple viable settlements and a moderately sized and growing population. The Canaries, finally completely covering the islands, begins to send moderately sized fleets that are resupplied from the islands and from Castile to continually explore the area. The Canaries help supply settlers and fleets moving to Capo Verde and Western Africa.
    • Kingdom of Cyprus: The King of Cyprus is now King Alexander of Cyprus. The King of Cyprus begins to see Castilian culture not as a dominant force but a possible blendable culture that can fit well within Cypriot society. The economy and military of the country is built up as is the infrastructure with a nice road system being built throughout the country. Cyprus gaining large funds from being a Castilian trade hub, begins building a few ships domestically, and purchases ships from Castile, or her allies shipwrights forming a respectable Cypriot navy of almost 90 ships with expected expansion to come. This expansion has been achieved specifically thanks to huge amounts of outsourcing to private shipwrights. Cyprus begins to see an exodus of the Knights Hospitaller West to Castile and her territories and King Matthias begins a larger recruitment for the military managing to raise a force of nearly 10,000. This force is largely funded through the large trade Cyprus has gathered. The troops are styled after Castile's royal army and Cyprus embarks on an intense training program in order to bring them up to standards. The Knights, with many departing also have many older and other knights stay due to their close ties with Cyprus. They remain to run the Knights Hospitaller in Cyprus for the foreseeable future while a large number have migrated across the sea. King Matthias is killed in religious riots in Cyprus leaving his highly capable son in charge. King Fernando manages to continue to hold Cyprus for his mother nation of Castile and has successfully seen the minor and moderate blending of culture in the area.
    • Kingdom of Morocco: The less fortunate and disenfranchized are converted. The Kingdom itself is a Christian kingdom with a similar situation of early Castile and Aragon, with large amounts of Muslims and a small amount of Christians. However, the Christian community in Morocco is expanded in thanks to the influx of traders and settlers from Castile and some other immigrants looking for an opportunity to live a new life here. The Kingdom establishes its capital in Casablanca and with this, begins a major point of establishing a major military presence in the area.  The infrastructure, particularly in dealing with transport and water, is expanded to accommodate more people but the only people allowed to settle are Christians - particularly from Hispania. A notable amount of Castilians settle the area. While Christians remain the minority the kingdom of Morocco sets up various churches and allows preachers to roam around and convert people. The Kingdom begins to push toward integration of the city of Tangiers into the kingdom. This would give the Kingdom two important cities. Heavy taxes are imposed on Muslim traders in order to facilitate conversions to Christianity while lower more friendly taxes are given to Christian merchants. The leader of Morocco styled a king, out of respect deducts himself in rank to Prince of Morocco as the throne is only to be held by the King of Castile himself if it's ever required. The country begins the construction of various canals and cultivates trees farther inland to help increase arable farmland. The Moroccan economy continue to expand with greater trade coming from Castile and the Canaries all the way down to Capo Verde increasing the relative wealth. The Kingdom's army proper raised by immigrant Christians now numbers about 7000 itself and is expected to grow. The Kingdom of Morocco begins to take control of territory in  the interior of Morocco proper following the Castilian and English forces and securing the areas (this territory is being integrated into the kingdom of Morocco). The population of Morocco is an estimated 400,000 currently with an increasing amount of people settling in the country.
  • Andorra: We send troops to Armagnac to make for terror. Our military and economy expands. We declare war on France.
    • Foix: We help Andorra by sending troops to help terrorize Armagnac. Our military and economy expand. We declare war on France.
  • Cuzco: Economy is built up. Trade with the other tribes of the regions continue as Cuzco continues to become a center point of the region. (More in a little bit.)
  • Mughal Empire: With war knocking on Jaunpur's doors, the Emperor sends out the army to defend crucial locations. Although defending against multiple armies and a quite impressive siege weaponry the Mughal army is able to hold back the initial attacks due to fortified locations created during the free era of the Jaunpur sultanate. Many resources go to the war effort although due to the western locations being more or less safe work on the legislatures is continued, although most processes of the Empire are slowed down.
  • Rumania: Rebels are quelled, either by force or with diplomacy. Several small revolts are pit down, and Rumanian commanders are ordered to be merciful on the peasants. Another Bulgarian rebel army is defeated near Sophia. Meanwhile, a huge amount of food is shipped to starving Bulgarian provinces, whose productivity has been ruined by war.
    • The Consulate of Bulgaria: Many loyal nobles assist the Rumanian soldiers, while they try and ensure their claim. Many of the radical rebels call for the execution of many Bulgarians who conspired with the Ottomans or Rumanians. This causes hundreds of Bulgarian nobles to join the Rumanian cause.
  • Ayutthaya graciously accedes to the Ming request, and offers the daughter of King Indaraja II (King Barom was born in 1431 and would thus not exist) to the Khmer, to form a dynastic union between our nations, and to end any tensions that may exist. Meanwhile, several new laws are passed over the principalities (Ayutthaya was a meritocracy, and had a strong central government, but also was composed of a series of Principalities with their own armies and such, which owed allegiance (and their armies) to the King in Ayutthaya), ordering them to stengthen their standing armies and to put into place troop rotations for their militias, such that men can both practice their normal trades and still serve 3 months in the militias each year. The King sends two delegations to the nations of Kedah and Padang, sending gifts and gold. This show of wealth influences and impresses the Kings of those nations greatly. We continue to improve relations with Ming China, increasing our navies such that we can better trade with them via land and sea. We express support of them in their war against the barbarian hordes. We also send out trade delegations to nations across the Indian Ocean, including India. (Does anyone know what the population of Ayutthaya is? Neither google nor wikipedia are helpful, so I'm assuming something on the order of eight million (The capital alone had a population of 250,000 at this time, I know, and since most of the population would live outside cities ...)
  • Ottoman Sultanate: The military is improved with the recent conflict in the Arabian peninsula. While the Sultan had sent troops to Mesopotamia, many were forced back to Dulkadir due to violent clashes at the border. The Sultan believes it best to let Mesopotamia be, and instead turn its attention to the Syrian region. The Sultan is interested in gaining control of the Holy Land, mainly to grow political and religious influence in the area, and is considering sending troops in the next decade or so to do so. He sends troops to the region to gain control of the Levant, sending troops to take control of major cities like Aleppo and the outskirts of Jerusalem (not exactly sure if an algo is needed?). The Sultan assures the Christian states of Europe that it will not in any way be a war on the Holy Land; it will simply be a means of preventing a Holy War in the region that may begin as a consequence of the religiously-diverse area (i.e. containing Christians, Jews, Muslims, Druze, Alawites, etc.). The Sultan is also interested in getting the Safavids a port in the region in return for a port in the Mesopotamian region.
    • Theres essentially a 15 year waiting period on most of these areas to prevent issues and allow for popular revolts etc etc. Pretty much nobody can conquer or vassalize most any of these states without some sort of mod event pushing them that direction like with Mesopotamia -Feud
    • Was not aware of that, thanks for letting me know! -Chris
  • Hesse: We remind Munster and Berg that they swore, under God, to be our loyal vassals. Meanwhile, we annex the remaining areas under our control. The nobles of the annexed regions are de-throned are replaced with loyal Hessian nobles. We declare ourselves a Grand Duchy, and crown Ludwig II as Grand Duke. Cleves-Mark is vassalized.
  • Eire: We rejoice when Thomond and later other Irish states lay down arms and join us, and 55 years after King Thomas' fateful dream, Eire becomes fully united, save the city of Dublin, which remains independent and remaining so for the forseeable future. Celebrations occur in towns across Eire, and the King and his entourage tours Eire, with the help of the new road system. We begin expanding roads to newly-acquired regions in Eire, hoping to connect all major towns, and spread new Irish ideals such as Occidentalism (Western Catholicism) and pro-Albionism. Stabilization after years of expansion continues, with many soldiers in the military for years during Eire's fighting begin to settle down, and the navy continues to be built up. Cork and Ballydrogheda undergo a renaissance, as the unification of Ireland allows for the ability to export products from all across the Isle. As such, trade increases. the King begins to modernize the military forces, with the eventual forces consisting of a main line of pikemen, Gaelic skirmishers on the flanks, crossbowmen behind the skirmishers, and the cavalry behind all. Wool begins to become a more popular farm product, with a few people living in the towns beginning to manufacture cloth in small quantities. The King asks for a book on tactics from the Romans, with money given in return. (Inf-turn)
    • Leinster: Celebrations go off as the Isle is united. Leinster, however, remains a vassal state, a member of the Confederation of Eire and Albion, but not of Eire proper, and is granted special status in autonomy from Eire. Roads expand in Leinster, tying it fully with the rest of Eire. (Inf-turn)
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Upon hearing of the repeated request of Eire for books on tactics the Doge decides to revisit their northern ally and trade partner. Interested in spurring some further diplomacy, the Doge sends an envoy along with two masters in warfare and several volumes of Venetian war stratagem (warfare based on manoeuvre and capture of key points) to the King. The Books are written in Venetian and Latin.
  • Kingdom of Italy: King Charles I continues the reforms of his father, and improves the economy and the military. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards and production of new boats to combat in the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The relation with the Byzantine Empire continue strong. The Naval Academy in Taranto continues the technological research with Venice. The King continue to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states, in art, science, etc. The reconstruction of the south part of Italy continue, will take like 3 years to restore the ports and cities.
    • Kingdom of Sicily: King Peter III sends aid to rebuild damaged cities and ports in southern Italy. Meanwhile, the army continue the process of assimilation of Italian tactics that spread through the Mediterranean, promoting the use of early firearms. The economy of the island is mostly cereal crops. Thanks to Italian support the exploitation of olives and wine grapes continues. 
    • Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Improves the economy and the military. The economic prosperity of the previous years is accented with commercial junction providing by Italy and Genoa, and the city of Florence is the commercial nexus among all the Italian states. Frederick I helps promote economic prosperity, gives incentives to help manufacturing output grow, and improve access roads to make the trade more fluid and profitable. The army is formed to the image of the Italian army, with gradual use of new firearms that become quite popular. Frederick I became a great patron and the Tuscan nobles follow this particular policy. The artists, protected and maintained by the nobles and bourgeois rising, unleash their creativity. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Genoa: Improves the economy and the military. The Duchy of Genoa continues trading from the Black Sea to the Straits of Gibraltar, using new models of ships with cargo holds of more spacious and allow greater profit. With the help of Italian military fleet, try to force richest commercial rights in Tunisian ports. In Genoa the boom in production of luxury items continue. The pressure of the Genoese traders in Tunis is growing, and combined with the presence of Christian missionaries, who at the same time serve commercial spies; is accomplished the capture of a lot of exotic products that are not easy to get due to the conflicts and trade barriers in the Near East, and the axis between Tunis and Genoa is strengthened. The Genoese economy restarts its golden age. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Ferrara: Improves the economy and the military. The paper industry is forging ahead, and also the making of looms, making this duchy in one of the most productive in northern Italy. Duke Niccolo I continue the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Corsica: Improves the economy and the military. The exploitation of salt mines and silver continues. In the same way, the vine crops increase in extension and quality, and the manufacture of wine each year improves in quality and quantity, and is recognized as the best European wine. On the island of Corsica a boom of mercenaries continues. The Italian army started recruiting many Corsicans, making them a legend in terms of ferocity and skill in the skirmishes and battles. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Marquisate of Modena: Improves the economy and the military. Niccolo is dedicated to art and culture, encouraging painters, sculptors and architects that embellish this little Marquisate, leading Italian opulence to a new levelMarquis Niccolo I continues the loyal service to Italy. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Principality of Zeta: Improves the economy and the military. Dairy cattle production increases, and in the same way the manufacture of better quality cheese, they continue to be exported to Italy, Hungary and Byzantium. The Prince Giovanni I continues the cultural boom. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy. 
    • Vatican City: Pope Benedict XV continue the campaign of evangelization in the lands of the Balkans. Missionaries continue to working in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, where they try to recover the core of Christians. The Pope like his predecessor condemns all those who come to the false churches that are being created in Europe. The Pope in his speeches also continues condemning the current lack of security of pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, which the Christian nations have a priority to recover these places and they are missing to the will of God. The nephew of Pope Callistus III, Rodrigo Borgia continue his ascent in the Roman curia.
    • Order of the Knights of Malta: The Grand Master of the Order Piero Raimondo Camelot, use his fleet of ten ships to patrol the central Mediterranean, also as helping needy Christians. Military elements are improved, and the economy is maintained by the Italian and Sicilian support.
    • County of Provence: The reform of the administration continues, adapting the Italian model which has had so much success. Improves economy through trade and manufacturing cloth. The military camp is also improved, adding new equipment and Italian military ideas. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Duchy of Anjou: As in Provence, the Duchy transformation is performed. The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Alencon: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Narbonne: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
    • Vendome: The economy and military improve. Help is sent to rebuild southern Italy.
  • Grand Duchy of Bavaria: Landshut expands its military. The population continues to rise. Albert and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Several markets are constructed in Landshut as well as trade houses for Austrian and Castilian traders. In Austria, several new ships begin being constructed, with twenty-five very large cogs being finished, and by 1458 a trade route is put in place. Such important places in the trade route include Rome, Athens, Constantinople, Gibraltar, and the coasts of Brittany, due to a longstanding trade deal. Continuing in 1458, Albert II commissions six cogs to sail around western Mediterranean coasts. The planned market center in Landshut continues to attract regional traders. In religious news, the country begins converting to the Western Netherlander church. By the end of this year, around 73% of the country adheres to the Western Church. Most adherents live around Munchen and Landshut. In other news, Bavaria continues implementing the Alliance and Merchant Act as well as the Militia and Navy Act. Albert II makes efforts to implement Sedevacantist policies in the government. Furthermore, Albert also arranges the Roscol Bank access to Landshut to do trading. The Venetian merchants take an interest in government bonds. Albert II will most likely not become Chancellor of the Reischregiment, due to Hamburg and Trier receiving many more votes. To the worry of much of the court, Albert II falls seriously ill with smallpox in late September. Within two weeks, he seemingly recovers. However, this recovery is a pyrrhic victory for Albert, as he is left utterly debilitated and bedridden. His person has been ravaged by the disease and it is not expected that he will survive the winter. Grand Duchess Elisabeth is proclaimed as temporary regent of Bavaria until Albert's demise. Jacqueline, who retired from the royal family to live in a nunnery in Ingolstadt, makes the journey to Landshut. Many see this as odd, seing as how Jacqueline is in a frail state and never got along with her father. Many peers and allies in Princess Eleanor's circle gossip concerning a rumor that Jacqueline will suddenly press her claim on the Bavarian throne once her father is dead. Despite her weak health, she is still young at the age of twenty-four, so a claim on the throne is not entirely impossible. Regardless of Princess Jacqueline's unexpected arrival, Eleanor cautiously prepares for Albert's death and her own ascension to the throne. Seeing as how she may be the first female ruler of a young, united Bavaria, many are skeptical of her abilities, while a select few are downright hostile. Beginning in mid-December, Eleanor is tutored in various governmental responsibilites by the Grand Duchess Regent.
    • Munchen: The main campus of Queen Isabell University is completed and the beginning courses include French, Latin, English, and Greek as well as theology, clergy training and mathematics being taught. By 1459, the total class amounts to about 2700 men. Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Munchen as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Straubing: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Straubing as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Ingolstadt: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed in Ingolstadt as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burgau: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. 
    • Nurnburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Burggrafschaft: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Bamberg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders.
    • Wurzburg: Troops authorized by Albert II continue training. Several markets are constructed as well as trade houses for Castilian and Austrian traders. The Catholic clergy of Wurzburg once more become restless as Albert II begins to decline in health, worried that his niece and heiress, educated in the ways of the Western Church, may not be as friendly toward the Catholic faith.
  • Mansuriyya Caliphate: Taking advantage of the rapid collapse of the Mashriq Caliphate, warlord Fatih ibn Nuqayd declares himself a Caliph and takes control of Baghdad and establishes the Mansuriyya Caliphate. Having the luxury of possessing an already-developed capital city, Fatih begins to build up the Caliphate's power both militarily and economically. Groups of bandits are established that traverse the countryside, with explicit orders to not harm merchants but rather to attack towns and small cities that refuse to yield to Fatih. Any opposition, whether clerical, civilian or military is brutally oppressed, until any challengers to his title are silenced.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund leads his army furiously, destroying Serbian stronghold after Serbian stronghold. His son and crown prince also leads his own army against the Serbians, and over the two years has managed to not only hit the Serb rebels from the flanks - he has helped to wipe them out in the southern portion entirely. However, King Sigismund has revenge on his mind and burns down villages and towns with their population still present in some of the most brutal actions of the war. Not only does this kill tens of thousands of people, it destroys the morale of the rebels as they feel all of the bloodshed is their own fault. This leads to many Serb rebels fleeing from the cause and returning to their villages to hopefully defend it from an attack. Many fail and villages all over the countryside lie in dust. The King leads his army to Belgrade, where the lay seige to the town and eventually storm it - crushing the defense forces present. By the end of the year, most Serbian rebels have either been destroyed or have fleed. This allows Sigismund to deem the threat is over and thus he leads his soldiers back north. Local lords as well as his son are given the responsibility of finishing any rebels left. The King almost immediately summons the Garai noble, and they soon discuss the date him and the King's daughter will be married. Rumours flow in court that the King's daughter finds the Garai noble very attractive due to his tall stature and his well-built body. As a result of the uprising - Serbian men are rounded up and forced to move to Hungary to work in the fields and help to build roads, buildings and weapons for the crown. Women and children are to be left behind, which causes a major problem as the women cannot support their children and in the worst disaster to hit Serbia since the uprising, tens of thousands of children die due to malnourishment and deficiencies. People from Dalmatia are encouraged to move to Serbia once more and are told if they are single they can choose whichever women they like as their wife. This causes thousands to move southward and causes a large demographic shift. These men bring with them the knowledge of better farming practices and will help to cultivate higher yields of crops. The traitorous nobles are imprisoned and those who raise their forces are brutally crushed and executed for treason to the crown. The Dalmatian brigands disband and return to the villages the cam to settle in. Many find these villages do not exist anymore and begin the hard job of rebuilding them ground up. They are joined by many Serbian women without husbands or partners and many end up marrying each other. Stored grains are used when they are needed, and prove to be a winning system. In the times of war, the stored grains help peasants feed themselves and keeps discontent down for now. For the construction of the new, large ships, extra manpower from Serbia arrives - greatly reducing manpower costs and speeding up construction. This will allow the crown to make more ships for the same amount of money. More large ships are constructed in the dockyards in Croatia. This helps to boost the military power of the navy, and these ships are soon sent south to go patrolling. More equipment for the soldiers is produced in forges and this will help arm more soldiers. Seeing the largening iron and steel demands, trading for those resources is increased in exchange for grains. With growing numbers of ships arriving from docks, the fleet off the coast strengthens and the naval division begins to expand its range of operations quickly in case there is a threat from the sea. Merchant ships use Byzantine and Venetian ports to trade and earn money in, while beginning to sail to UNC ports too, helping expand the influence of Hungarian merchants. With land bought from the UNC, the base of the ports begin to be constructed by workers from Hungary who have arrived onto the islands from Hungary. They soon begin to cut trees and gather supplies from incoming ships. This soon helps them to begin the constuction of the ports and by the end of the year the base of the ports are laid and completed. The base in Jutland is by far the biggest due to its closeness to other trading powers as well as the ability for the crown to buy local workers. Trading with Zeta continues in earnest. The checkpoint castles are a great help in housing troops which are patrolling routes of both nations as well as wealthy and influential merchants and nobles travelling between the nations. The upgrading of the border castles is finally completed and the castles stand majestic and large. The castles themselves have not been made too large, but the walls have been broken down and been rebuilt further away from the castle as well as higher to allow for better security as well as more capacity. Poland now sees greater economic growth as their economy is not only stable but able to grow rapidly on its own. The King of Poland listens more and more to his Hungarian advisors, with all the advise helping his nation grow even stronger economically as more and more money is invested in trading stalls and merchentile systems as well as the construction fo roads and such. This only serves to strengthen the Hungarian position and Poland now begins to fall under greater influence of Hungary. Sigismund dictates to the Polish advisors what must be done and this allows him to gain more and more control over Poland. He hopes to get the nation completely under Hungarian authority. The Polish army continues to grow in strength, actively training with Hungarian soldiers to better their fighting skills while getting supplied by Hungarian blacksmiths. Polish soldiers perform well in the Serb rebellion and help show they can still fight wars well. They return home and many help keep the peace within the nation. Missionaries begin to preach the word of god and distribute bibles to those who can read in a bid to convert secret pagans to Christendom and show them the light of god. Both nations now see a large amount of trade conducted within each others' borders and this makes the merchants learn of each other's languages. Many become fluent in Polish while other fluent in Hungarian. In the border regions, a mixture of the languages begin to develop as it becomes more convenient for speakers and tradesmen. Yet Serbian begins to influence language too, due to the large numbers of workers present in various parts of the nation. Large irrigation channels have been created by workers, helping to expand the regions of farmland under the control of the crown. Many of the irrigation projects in Serbia are restarted as construction begins once more to complete the irrigation channels and help to grow crops in a much better fashion. The Hungarians continue to influence (3 of 8) Karaman, trying to exploit the potential of gaining another state to set up merchant ports in and expand Hungarian influence by supporting merchants and Christians alike as well as making sure no one Emir gains the upper hand. In secret gunsmiths, Rumanian and Roman knowledge is soon put under use as many begin to construct their own guns and make their own gunpowder. This is a major step on the way to developing new technologies which much of the world has no indication of. Much money is allocated for this, such is the need - very desperate are the Crown for the results of the experiments.
    • The Kingdom of Croatia continues to see a large trading boom occur within the nation as it becomes the gates of the Hungarian realms and helps to attract customers and merchants to the nation as well as Hungary. Wartime had brought about a boom in trading as supplies are now in greater demand, allowing merchants to grow richer by selling their goods. However, demand for certain materials tails off while continues and even increases for other materials. The dockyards cut the wood and build the large fighting vessels for the Crown, as requested by the king himself. More large ships are constructed and drain the Ottomans of their merchantile resources. A tariff for merchants trading is also in place but it is put at favourable levels with none for the Venetians due to the new alliance between the states and the amount of trading between them. Venetian traders are a common sight in Croatian ports, helping to bring in much revenue. Many Croat knights fight for the crown in the south - earning glory and helping the Hungarian cause.
    • In Garay, roads need to be remade due to their worsening condition and thus workers are drafted in to fix up the roads. Many nobles from Garay gain land and they use this land to help increase crop yields as well as the amount of trading ongoing between each of the nobles. The money is sent as taxes and used to upgrade the standings of the nobles themselves. Many men are also trained in military combat to make them more effective foot-soldiers. The members of the Garay Family return home from the war after two years since the war officially ended. The King and the Garai noble agree on the date on which the noble and his eldest daughter will be married, and thus, on the 27th of June both are married with great pompt and celebration. The King personally attends the wedding and hopes a happy life lies ahead for both.
    • In Split, the nobles begin to work on creating standing armies to manage and controlling their lands. Castles continue being built in the vassal while many old ones are completely torn apart and their land allocated for peasants. The soldiers of the nobles who were executed are distributed between the present nobles and they quickly begin to adapt - training with their new fighting partners. The nation trains its knights hard and trains commoners too. They move southward to fight the Serbs.
    • Bosnia: also sees a lot of economic and military growth. The nation begins to organise its own soldiers under the command of nobles who take part in knight competitions to increase their skill set while readying forces in case they are called up to defend the lands. Bosnia is used as a large base for the attacks against the Ottoman Empire, with a large portion of forces in the country present to rest and heal from battles. Bosnian soldiers are sent southward to help quell the rebellion in Serbia.
    • In Serbia, order finally begins to be restored as the nobles begin to mop up the remaining rebels and bring peace to the war-stricken lands. Much of the land has been destroyed in the heavy fighting and in the burning of villages, thus the local nobles and the crown prince begin to oversee the reconstruction of various villages which had been destroyed in the uprising. The influx of Dalmatians is seen as a positive as it helps to find partners for the tens of thousands of women who do not have a husband as well as provides manpower for the farms along with a greater set of farming skills. The King personally gives his son the title of "Protector of Serbia", and hopes his son will help bring the vassal under the control of the crown fully. Merchants are also encouraged to set up stalls and sell and barter their goods.
    • Banu Sulaym sees a lot of trading posts being set up while the Hungarian traders force the Emir of the nation to make it more tolerant so trading can occur more easily and the people can live better lives. Many Muslims feel this is not good, but none can complain as soon as the ports begin to bussle with merchants who are buying and selling goods at a rapid rate. The vassal begins to develop economically. The nation continues to grow in trading and it opens new ports. Many begin to think that expanding inward could also be a good idea as it would help make the borders safer. The Emir finally agrees to it after building up resources for it. The nation expands 4000 km inland.
  • Caucasian Confederation: The pan-Caucasian expeditionary force continues its campaigns in Egypt, as its 10000-odd soldiers continue providing military support to the Copts and  Ethiopians. The confederation also continues to supply Assyrian rebels in Mesopotamia, hoping to secure Mosul and the fertile Tigris floodplain for the Assyrian Christians. Envoys are again dispatched to the Ottomans and Safavids in order to reach a mutually agreed solution on the Mesopotamian problem. A summit is called at the now-completed Bolnisi Sioni to resolve the growing disputes between Assyria, Armenia, and Georgia, in the hopes of binding these nations together in a more permanent union - or, if nothing else, preventing a potential civil war.
    • Kingdom of Georgia: The expansion of the Georgian navy improves commerce flowing through Batumi, as incidents of piracy brought on by the Anatolian war begin to decrease. As a result, the Georgian economy expands, and Mepe Alexandre pays increasing attention to Prince Gocha of Imereti's insistence that Georgia must become a naval power to remain relevant as the ongoing wars in the Middle East continue strangling the once-profitable Silk Road.
    • Kingdom of Armenia: Armenian merchants continue gaining expertise in currency exchange and manipulation, as the nation's central position in the pan-Caucasian Orthodox region makes Yerevan a natural stopping point for trade in all directions. This ongoing prosperity strengthens the Armenian economy and increases the influence of Armenian oligarchs in court politics - a trend that the traditionalist, military-minded Tagavor Zhirayr disapproves of most vociferously.
    • Grand Principality of Assyria: The continuing relief of Assyria's labor shortage, combined with the Grand Principality's position as the only stable food supplier in Mesopotamia, strengthens the Assyrian economy. The Assyrian army remains on high alert, and the mobilization of reserves continues; rumor around the Mtavari palace suggests that a preemptive strike to secure Mosul may occur if Mesopotamian authorities cannot restore order to the chaotic region.
    • Principality of Rani: The continued reconstruction of Rani pays dividends this year, as the iron mines at Daskasan re-open. Sales of this iron to Georgian foundries expand the Ranite economy and improve merchants' opinions, though local nobles and peasants still seeth at the "infidel oppression" of the Georgians. Efforts to convert the native Azeris to Christianity continue, though only 10% of the state's 155000 Azeris have converted thus far. Starting next year, the introduction of Azeri-language services in liturgy is expected to accelerate conversion.
    • Principality of Amier-Kavkasia: Amier-Kavkasia finally finishes the reconstruction of its lead production mines. While lead is not nearly as valuable as gold, the region benefits from the installation of its first usable plumbing - even if functional toilets are still centuries away, shuffling waste away from the city does wonders for public health. The Kavkasian economy expands, and the Kavkasians find a newfound appreciation for the comforts of civilization as disease outbreaks begin dropping in intensity (if not in frequency).
  • Oyo Empire: The Oyo continue their production of yanyan ships, with an extensive base of information to work thanks to their observation and study of ships from Europe entering their ports of Lagos and Accra. The development of local technologies and information continues under the leadership of the new progressive government, which has deticated most of the nation's resources toward tecnological development. The Yoruba come to take over all of Benin with the majority of the Igbo population having died out from the Great Plague. With no major rivals in the region to oppose Oyo expansion, the Oyo expand by 5000 km to the west, continuing their expansion as part of the government's plans for the region.
  • Bengal Sultanate: 'The decrease in taxes on the landed elite do their job in most areas of the Sultanate, decreasing the tax load on the peasantry and earning him their support. The tax cuts on the merchant class allow for more trade to be conducted, and a recent lax on some of the quota laws allows for more goods to be shipped from Bengal, greatly increasing trade income. Trade with the state of Ava continues, with influence being placed through trade on Ava. Cash crops continue to be grown in large amounts. With our merchants traveling to Ava, Koch, Ahom and Arakan regularly, Islam continues to grow in their nations. Most all trade roads begin to see much-needed maintenance. The merchants that continually travel between Kohm, Aoch and Ava continue to allow for some of the populations of those nations to continue to convert to Islam. Due to Bengal having control over lands of multiple ethnicities and religions, literary works in the form of poems and epics continue to take influence from all three religions of the Sultanate. Urdu, also called Hindi by some, becomes more common in the Sultanate due to the mixing of Hindu and Islamic ideals. Work continues on improving the hand cannon design. Work nears completion as the scientific foundation for the success of a smaller hand cannon is laid out, advocating that an explosion in a confined area will propel an object to immense speeds. The Sultan begins to send forth state-sponsored traders into Ava and the former lands of Arakan, with tales of success for Islamic farmers and traders that overshadows anything done by Hindu or Buddhist farmers or traders. Extensive trade continues across the Indian Ocean and the Orient. War continues against the Mughal Empire, focusing mainly in Jaunpur and Bahamani, using the combined might of the Indian states to free the Indian nations. Also, the hand cannons prove less effective while directly on horse/camel back, leading to the strategy of hand cannoners riding to the enemies flanks, dismounting and then firing their hand cannons.
    • Emirate of Andamana: Mansoor Basil Amirmoez continues to reclaim land on the island to make room for farms, and to have timber for building both boats and houses. The Emirate expands another 500 km into the island. The ships built by the timber from the island help contribute to Bengali trade. Continues working on economy and infrastructure. 
    • Rajya of Orissa: Unlike the other vassals of the Bengali Sultanate, Bhandudeva IV is kept farther away from the daily politics of controlling Orissa, relying mainly on Islamic advisors sent directly by the Bengal Sultan. The advisors quickly persuade Bhandudeva IV to allow the Muslims settlers in the northern part of the Rajya to hold land south of the previously agreed living space. Continues working on military and infrastructure. Bhandudeva IV passes away, and the advisors vote in a Hindu successor, named Kapilendra Deva.
    • Swargadeo of Kamarupa: Now vassalized by Bengal, the Swargadeo of Ahom continues to receive extensive help in creating viable farmland. They do this by continuing a process of land reclamation in the northern part of the state, which is largely marshy and thinly populated. This process of reclamation begins by using dikes, embankments and irrigation systems. The Swargadeo (King) of Ahom declares himself to be King of Assam, also called Kamarupa in this time since he now controls his grandson's lands which were the Maharaja of Koch.
      • Ayutthaya: We send a delegation offering a trade treaty that would allow for a constant, enforced channel of trade between our two glorious nations.
  • The Jochid Ulus continues to do the process of integration its territories gained in the Karelian War, ending hostilities with both Muscovy and Novgorod. More Russians are deported across the border, replaced with Jochid-loyal Mordvins and Meschschera immigrating into the land, most notably Aloosh, the most notably-depopulated area of the annexed territory. Most ulus return to their homes. Influence of Azov continues, with Chernobog gaining prominence as chief agricultural facet of the Mastoravic God. The economy, after the long period of influence, begins to grow. The Chagatay Khanate continues to be proposedly split, with the Mughal example being agreed upon. The reform movement, led by Prince Arslan, picks up speed. However, Temür-Hachiun opposes it. Some merchants begin adopting the Permic ruble.
    • Great Perm continues its implementation of the ruble, which makes its economy grow.
    • Adyghea's economy increases. Thoughts of implementing the ruble begin.
  • Bavand Shahdom: Shah Bavand Bavandid has a child with his wife Sholeh Fard. The child is named Azad. The Shah continues his current policies and starts shifting his focuses to the military. He implements some more modern and better training technicques to improve discipline within the forces, and he starts to import some more modern weaponry as well. The Shah declares himself neutral in the war between the Bengal Sultanate and the Mughal Empire, seeing no reason to waste resources on a war that does not directly benefit the Shahdom. The Shah continues to fund arts and literature within the region, and continues to grow interested in Zoroastrian literature and art. He also continues to fund merchants of the nation within the region in the hope to increase trade profits.
  • Cahokia: (I'm a little pressed for time right now so for now I'll C&P. I'll update it later tonight) Monchacho proudly reports to Rektaw the success of his medical school. Designed to accommedate up to only about 300 students at one time, the school takes in approximately 200 pupils during its first year. dreaming of satisfying an entire nation, Monchacho starts thinking about either expanding the current medical school (now officially deemed the Medical School of Cahokia, or MSC) or opening others around the nation in other vassals. Monchacho starts to plan a census for 1458 in order to get a better handle on what the nation's needs are, both medically and economically. Rektaw is impressed with his friend's impressive and selfless work and gives him more funding to improve MSC. Rektaw also has members of the Cahokian elite appointed to the Ministry of the Treasury. This new ministry is to work with Monchacho in completing this census. The WWMP continues work, on schedule for 1470. Rektaw sets his sights on improving Cahokia's fledgling farming industry. He allocates federal funding to expand what little they have. Focus centered on economy.
    • West Moundville (Vassal of Cahokia): Now a decent military and growing trading hub, WM grows in population. Attracted by the Aztecs, merchants from all over the Cahokian Empire flock to WM as trade increases. A Nac rider squadron (ten riders) are sent as scouts and guardsmen to a trade convoy laden with gifts of copper and Nac scout weapons and armor to the Aztecs. The purpose of this being to establish the Cahokian people in the eyes of the Aztec as a potentially fruitful yet powerful ally. As for economic sustainability, WM continues to utilize its extensive coastline for fishing.
    • East Moundville (Vassal of Cahokia): Focus on establishing a local governmental headquarters in the capitol of East Moundville (EM). There are no significant reprucussions of the vassal splitting. Focus centered on farming. Eco Turn.
    • Etowah (Vassal of Cahokia): Progress continues on the construction of Appawa (slated for completion in 1470). While not a priority in the region, Cahokian engineers based in Etowah begin to scout out potential sites for military bases, hoping to utilize the Appalachian Mountains for underground tunnels and defenses. Timber remains to be Etowah's main economic output.
    • Parkin (Vassal of Cahokia): The Nac Riders are now a formidable fighting force, executing training maneuvers flawlessly. They await a worthy advesary to battle test their new skills.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to integrate its territories now that the Ghazis have been defeated. To further protect the new lands of the Empire, the military is expanded to 30,000 troops, with most of the new recruits occupying forts and towns in the newly reconquered regions. Training of an indigenous Roman cavalry unit continues in Thessaly, and the unit begins to make progress as a military unit. With nearby military action ruled out in the near future, Michael IX turns his attention to the arts and sciences in order to continue the Roman Renaissance that has been flourishing in the nation for many years now. Matchlock weapons continue to be experimented with, and more are constructed.
    • Albania: More and more Albanians continue to arrive at the nation, and they contribute to the workforce and the expanding military. The castle at Kukes continues to be constructed, as well as the roads in the nation.
  • Aragon expands its navy, economy, and infrastructure. Trade power expands and free thinking is encouraged. Arts are sponsored by the rich, who are slowly becoming mostly merchants due to increasing wealth of merchants due to trade. Aragon begins to fund voyages along the coast of Africa, seeking the aid of Castilian trade maps and other things. Cyrenaica expands inland.
  • The Nation of the Oirats: Cement and iron increase in production. Iron weapons are now majorly used. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We expand 50 px to the North. We continue to develop our firearms. We continue to study the printing press and make more of it. We buy more books from China.  We continue making more muskets. We now have 10,000 primitive musketeers. We begin building up our miltary and create even tougher practices. We battle the Mongols tiringly.
    • Oirat D to Jochid Ulus: We ask to divide Siberia between the Lena River.
  • Trier: We upgrade our military and economy. The states around us are influenced. Trade routes are established, opening trade among Hesse, Cologne, and Austria and her vassals. We dedicate this turn to infrastructure expansion, building several defenses, and roads to link towns across the nation. Fortifications around our capital are improved and updated.

Footnotes

Archives List
15th century 16th century 17th century 18th century 19th century 20th century 21st century
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