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1420-1429 (Principia Moderni IV Map Game)

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1420

In the Kingdom of Portugal, Henry "the Navigator" is made governor. Set on expanding Portuguese trade routes, he begins to hire renowed sailors, particularly from Genoa, Aragon, and Milan, to begin sailing the unexplored waters past the Moorish coasts.

The duomo on Florence Cathedral is completed by architect Bruschinelli, who goes on to continue overseeing the design of the Duomo di Milano.

The Temple of Heaven in China is completed under the reign of the Yongle Emperor.

The Ulugh Beg observatory is completed in Samarkhand, Gurkani Sultanate.

Bengal invades and conquers Orissa.

Umar Hamza Khan conquers Gondwana and strongarms Garjat into agreeing to be a vassal.

Oman is pleased with its relations with the Gurkani Sultanate and continues to interact with India. The King of Oman looks to establish economic dominance in parts of India.

Revolts break out in Florence and Venice as most of the Milanese military is still quelling disent in Savoy. 

MP, what is happening to Jan Hus?

He died, remember? You burned him. -MP

Guardian of Forever, you do not have 20 million people. Prove us otherwise. Until then, your algos can no longer say that.

I thought I corrected that, which (recent) algo do you refer to? -The Guardian

  • Duchy of Burgundy: Prince Philip conducts negotiations on the Treaty of Prague on behalf of his father while Duke John continues to be bedridden after his mutilating injury last year. Even though it occurred after the armistice was accepted, the resounding victory the Burgundian fleet achieved at the Naval Battle of Rugia, and the destruction of the Danish navy, is celebrated. John de Luxembourg, who lead the fleet, is hailed as the "Iron Bastard", and officially named "Admiral of the Netherlands" this year, on his twentieth birthday. With Holland annexed into the Burgundian Netherlands, the Ducal navy makes Amsterdam its home port.
  • The Gurkani Sultanate: Amir Shahrukh Mirza was proclaimed as the Sultan of the Sultanate, starting a new era under his rule. The Gurkani population rose to about 52 million with the people flocking to cities like Herat, Isfahan, Merv, Aktau, Samarkand and Iskenderun; primarily due to their strategic position in the spice trade. The military was primarily composed of medium-to-heavy cavalry, composite bow, lance, mace, and sword. Heavy cavalrymen wore plated chain mail or metal lamellar armor, with their horses also wearing leather or metal lamellar barding. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and elephants as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Cannons were constructed to serve as siege weaponry whilst experimental muskets were beginning to be developed. Naval bases were established at Iskenderun, Kerch and Gamrun to establish the presence of the Gurkani fleet in the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and the Persian Gulf respectively, keen on controlling the sudden surge in piracy. The Gurkani Navy developed galleys and carracks to augment the smaller patrol fleets. Agriculture and commerce were at the Sultanates forepoint, with wheat, rice and barley being amongst the largest produced crops. Fishery was promoted as well as it helped in sustaining the fishery villages that were present along the coast, as well as the major port cities of Iskenderun, Basra, Gamrun, Aktau and Kashgarh. The Sultanate mined large amounts of silver and gold, to serve as currency as well as ornaments and jewellry. Importance was also given on the development of proper roads for the merchants utilizing the trade routes through the Sultanate. With Constantinople conquered by the Ottoman Turks, and Genoa completely cut off from Gazaria, the Sultan ordered the soldiers previously deployed at Kerch to invade and conquer Crimea. Meanwhile, a diplomat is sent to the Byzantine ruler of Trebizond, requesting that he capitulate and surrender to Gurkani authorities. The Byzantine ruler is told that he if surrenders, the people of Trebizond would be treated mercifully and no harm would come to them, but if they refuse; they'll suffer the same fate as the people of Constantinople did when the Ottoman Turks toppled the city's gates. [MOD RESPONSE] 
    • Jalayirid Sultanate: Sultana Rukhsana Daula continued her reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, she would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at Iskenderun where the Jalayirid fleet was also situated. Jalayirid authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at İskenderun, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Jalayirid Sultana, Rukhsana Daula would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Mediterranean port of İskenderun to his Persian Gulf port of Basra, hoping to make it much more advanced and efficient. Rukhsana Daula, Shahrukh's daughter continued her control over the Sultanate as the Queen Regent, strengthening ties with the Gurkani Sultanate. 
    • Mod Response: The Emperor of Trebizond agrees to be a vassal of the Gurkani Sultante, asking to maintain a small degree of autonomy. -Scraw
  • Abbasid Caliphate: This year, the Caliph decided to enact much harsher judicial reforms, based on what was implemented in the old Abbasid Caliphate. Theives have their right hand cut off. Adulterers are stoned. Traitors are hanged. In this way, the Caliph was determined to ensure piety and righteousness in the land of Egypt. The Kilabarub were most useful to root out any displays of impeity and properly dole out punishments. One day a certain Ahmed, captain of the Kilabarub, asked the Caliph "O commander of the faithful, is there no one you would spare from your justice?" to which the Caliph replied "none, Ahmed, even if it were my daughter on one side, and Iblis on the other". Now Aresh Al-Abbas, daughter of the Caliph, was married to the aged governor of Upper Egypt, Umar ibn Ziyyad. But upon hearing this statement from her father, Aresh left the Citidel of Cairo with her companion Hassan, who she had known since childhood. Seeing the entire navy of Cyprus deployed against the Ottomans, the Caliphate invades Cyprus with 20,000 troops, carried on 100 ships to besiege both Framagustra and Nicosia. While this was going on, Ibn Tulun left the Bahmani Sultanate and traveled to the Mogandishu Sultanate, continuing to write about all his travels
    • Emirate of the Meghreb: As the Emirate recovers from the invading infidel armies, we start to rebuilt Tunis once again, while also integrating other territories granted to us by the Caliph. The emir begins the construction of the Great Mosque of Tunis, expected to become the larges mosque in the world so far. We pledge our support to the Caliphate's efforts in the Eastern Sea, hoping to wrest control of Cyprus from the infidels.
    • Ottoman Empire dip; We send 60 warships to help the Caliphate.
  • Brunei: We continue to build infrastructure and military forces. As Islam spreads across Southeast Asia, Brunei proclaims Islam, alongside Hunduism, an official religion. We strike trade deals with local tribes and other Majapahit vassals. We once again ask for trade with the Bahmani Sultanate and Ming China.
    • Bruneian SECRET Diplomacy: We ask for the assistance of the Bahmani Sultanate to support our planned rebellion against the Majapahit, pointing out their support of our future revolt could be a jihad and it would benefit the spread and survival of our common religion.
  • In The Crown of Castile, Henry IV now rules free of the regency. He continues the expansion of the navy, and to a lesser extent the army. But it is at this point that some of the elites notice the oddities of Henry IV. He and his wife sleep in separate chambers, and Henry IV seems interested in war than producing an heir. Regardless of these quirks, Henry's first son Sancho is born this year. In other news, The Royal Armada is expanded and updated as well, and Henry IV offically ratifies all deals made during the regency. Infrastructure investment allows the economy of Castile to prosper. In Granada, the deportation of Muslims has caused 15% of Muslims to be relocated to Tunis. The Halfhand rebellion of 1416, as it has come to be known, has strongly fueled anti-muslim sentiment, and with the pope's Holy Blessing after the 1406 Hessen Crusade, Henry IV sees it fit to double down on the existing efforts to Christinize Granada. With the end of the war in Morocco, Castile continues to lay claim to all of Morocco. However, Beber rebels have forced Castile to abandon most of the state. The Castilian military reinforces an area of Northern Morocco along the coast and on the oppisite side of Gibraltar. This Area is proclaimed the Kingdom of Morocco, a puppet of Castile. (See map on the talk page).
  • King Alfonso V of Aragon does not appear to be recovering from his depression, and Prince John continues to act as Regent. The Regent, alarmed by Portugal's sudden interest in exploration, immediately and secretly deploys five caravels full of explorers to search out land to claim. They deliberately avoid nearing Madeira to prevent the Portuguese from discovering his plans. It is hoped that rumoured islands south of Madeira can be colonised and claimed for the Crown. Meanwhile, the Regent sends a reply to Cyprus, apologising and stating that as a result of his brother's devastating errors, Aragon is not yet ready for another war with Islam. The Prince quietly continues to rebuild the navy, and 20 new warships enter the Mediterranean Sea this year. The Prince hopes that by 1425, the Aragonese Royal Armada will be 150-strong, and will be more than capable of defending the Crown's interests at home and abroad. The Regent sends a letter of congratulations to Castile's Henry IV, saying that he hopes Aragon and Castile will continue to work closely. It is also announced that Prince John's wife Anne of Cyprus has given birth to their first child, Princess Henrietta, named after her Castilian relative. At birth she is second in line to the Aragonese throne, after her father.
  • Tondo: Continues to expand south and sends 6000 settlers to Samar Island across the narrow strait to claim it in the name of Tondo. 12 blast furnaces around the capital are built to augment the increasing iron and mettalurgy industries of Tondo, and paved roads to and from Maynila are built to connect the Kingdom together. Rajah Gamgang starts to consolidate his power in the capital and orders all political opponents to be a part of the settling process enacted upon Tondo in the nearby islands, primarily to keep them away from seizing or threatening his power. Massive naval expansion in the regard of trade ships and naval craft commence, as Rajah Gambang, fearful of the Japanese ships that escort the tributary vessels heading to Japan, orders the construction and study of these war junks, as the Chinese call them. The fishing fleet expands to 500 boats, while small warships capable of fighting in rivers are increased in number. Five war junks are to be constructed within the year. The first public aklatan (library) opens in Central Maynila to further spread the knowledge gained by the Kingdom. Smaller libraries are planned to be built in Maynila, Kawit, and Tacloban Military personnel stands at 28,000 active troops across southern Luzon, and 52,000 additional men ready to be conscripted to defend the state. They are armed with swords, shields and armor made from the blast furnaces. Roads in and round Maynila are built, and a town in the south, Kawit, is experiencing rapid population growth as fertile farmlands attract settlers there, along with abundant deposits of minerals in the area. This prompts the Council of Kawit (Kataas-taasang Lupon ng Kawit) to petition Rajah Gambang for a read that connects Kawit to Maynila, thereby attracting more and more settlers. We ask the Ming and our overlord, Japan for some of their finest war junks so as the help Tondo defend the trade routes beneficial to both parties, and to help lessen the required ships used by Ming and Japan to patrol the area, as we would replace those ships with ours
    • Ma-I: Under the regency council and Queen Kalangitan, a re-organization of Ma-I infrastructure and society commences. Ma-I will still pay its tribute to the Ming, but Tondo holds nominal control over foreign affairs and other things such as protection. The largest settlement in the area is named Li Han, after the first Huang of Ma-I. A port town in northern Ma-I, Beigang, is developed upon by expanding the port facilities, paving roads, and introducing two blast furnaces in the port.
      • Majapahit Diplomacy (as Admiral Duana Bwi): The Majapahit Empire wishes to formally end hostilities that began under Hayak Wuruk more hard lf a century ago.
      • Tondo: Rajah Gambang would be more than happy to end hostilities, under the promise that both Tondo and Majapahit do not interefere with each other's spheres of influence. (OTL Philippines for Tondo, Indonesia and Borneo for Majapahit)
  • Cologne: The Archbishop of Cologne writes again to both Brandenburg and Bohemia, emphasising the importance of coming to a peace quickly: the Ottomans are at our doorstep, invading the Roman Empire! On this point, in a gesture of solidarity, Cologne offers to do its best to send its learned physicians to any country involved in the War of the Lions, should the leader of that country cooperate in peace talks. Meanwhile, Cologne begins to make improvements on the trade facilities along both the Rhine and Rohr rivers. This will give the people a greater capability to prosper through trade. Finally, Dietrich II extends his condolences to Essen Abbey upon the loss of such a significant public figure and loved religious leader. He congratulates the new abbess and offers her his full support.
    • Essen: The Master of Saint Veronica paints Saint Veronica with the Holy Kerchief. Adelphina returns to Essen, very weary from her journey, and spends six months giving her final inspired addresses to the public. In these addresses, the ancient abbess tells of a time when the Church will be respected by the people: not for its wealth and prestige, but for the way it brings the grace of God to those who are most needy. Late in the year, after several months of bed rest, Princess-Abbess Adelphina I of Nassau goes quietly to Heaven. The canonesses host a public memorial in her name, and it is attended by people whose lives she has touched far and wide throughout Cologne, Westphalen and Essen. The locals begin to tell tales about the way she would spend most of her days outside the door to the abbey talking to passers-by about the wonders of the Catholic Church and the ways that she has successfully reformed it. The original German bible is kept publicly in the abbey, where the doors are always open, and local craftsmen are hired to begin the painstaking work of writing out further German Bibles for the other major towns in Essen. Meanwhile, the canonesses gather to elect a new abbess, Margarete I of the Mark-Arensburg. Abbess Margarete is not particularly young, but she followed Adelphina’s teachings very seriously when she was a secular canoness. Her first act is to write a letter to the pope and politely request that he recognise Adelphina as one of the finest scholars of the Church in recent years.
  • Order of Knights Hospitaller: The Order, with its help from Naxos and the pope, continue fighting a naval war against the Ottomans in support of the Romans. That pretty much takes up most of the Order's energies for the year. Grand Master Philibert thanks Pope John XXIII for granting the Order's requests, and work begins in the Commandries of Europe in encouraging married knights and freemen to join the order as Knights-Tertiary or Sergeants/Servants-Tertiary. A number of pious men who otherwise would not have been eligible to join the Order due to their married state take advantage of this new grade. The Chapter-General decides to better work through all the practical results of the accession of Tertiaries after the present campaign.
  • Epirus:A coup have hapenned in Epirus. The coup's split the country to the army and the people against the monarchs. The army won the coup with the help of the people the royal family was executed. The governor and monarch officials were captured and executed. Without the monarch to rule a new person was raised and became the leader of the newly declared Epirus Federation. He was given the title "The First Consul". "The First Consul" is the mastermind behind the coup. He started it because of the way the monarchy treated the people and the army as though they were dogs or pawns. "The First Consul" immediately changed legislation reforming the state into a new one. The bureaucracy was changed into a military discipline-like. The people were taught high discipline. The First Consul began a series of programs such as job application for jobless people to work in factories and on farms while they were paid high wages and given homes. The First Consul also made healthcare free and made school free for children until high school. The army was increased a series of rearmament programs the army of Epirus (Officially: "The National Armed Forces of Epirus") numbered around 80,000 professional soldiers. Although not many in numbers, the soldiers were known for brutal techniques in training. According to several experts one Epirus soldier can face off ten Ottoman soldiers, though this is just a rumor. Nationwide infrastructure began with building roads to connect cities with other cities. Although after all of the military and economics the First Consul also banned Albanian language and Albanians that were in Epirus were expelled from the country. The First Consul also wanted to make a trade deal with the Abbasiad Caliphate.
    • Not trying to a buzz kill but I already took Epirus-Ottoman Empire (Bozistanball)
    • We declared independence. Look at  .here
    • Sorry to tell you this, but Epirus is an Ottoman vassal and you can't magically declare independence. Epirus is controlled by the player for the Ottoman Empire, Bozistanball. You can't sign up and post for Epirus because someone already controls it. As for your entire turn, it makes absolutely no sense at all. Free healthcare and education in the 15th Century? People working in factories..? There weren't even any factories in the 15th Century (LMAO). So to put it simply, you can sign up as some other nation. But definitely not Epirus because Epirus is an Ottoman vassal. Finally, if you think editing a nation page and writing you declare independence will get you anywehre, it won't. LOL.            Reichsadler der Deutsches Reich (1933–1945)   The night is dark and full of terrors. 
    • Just crossed it out for organisation's sakeT I M (TSWAHMGWContribs) 22:49, August 6th, 2016 (UTC)
  • King Janus of Cyprus sends his family to Aragon with the fall of Nicosia. As he watch his home be molested by infidels and hears of Emperor Manuel's actions he knows what he must do. He orders his men to raze the fields, collapse the mines and place all Holy and historic item on a ship to Aragon. He boards another ship filled with oil kegs in sight of Saracen held Nicosia. As the ship lights and King Janus dies in the fire, a letter is sent to the Saracen rulers: You may rule over the ashes as the crows descend on the battlefield.
  • Ottoman Empire: 'The Sultan works on building schools across the Ottoman Empire and works on hiring people across the state. The Sultan is heard saying during the Siege of Istanbul " Let all of Europe can and kill me if they want this Empire to die". The Sultan opens up military schools and pick the best troops out of the army to the schools and a man named Walid Kaan Ziya al-Din begins to make his way past his peers and is sent to Ankara to meet with the Sultan. Mehmed (or now known to the people "The man with the long beard") and declares he is a Sultan and that the Ottomans will enter a new era of an Islamic deen, and he begin send son Murad 2nd to an Islamic school. With taking of Istanbul the Sultan orders the remaining POWs to be killed, while civilians in the city are sent to other cities to treat their wounds. The city is firsted worked on by fixing the wells, while the army begins to work on planting food reports say the fix up of Istanbul can take five years. Mehmedi ask the Caliph if he can send his son to Cairo to study more about Islam and the Arabs way of war, Mehmed sends his son to Cairo but forces him to live a simple life. Murad II makes his way to Istanbul to see the city but later find out his father was wounded by an arrow and is set to die in two years so Mehmedi calls upon Murad II to last for this year to his death. More Muslims are sent to the South and some Turks are sent to mix with the other Muslims in the areas.
    • Serbia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 1000 more mosques - mostly in the South. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Serbian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas and to populate the area.
    • Wallachia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 800 more mosques - mostly in the South, and recruiting peasants for the army. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. The troops are order to not fire unless fired upon, the troops begin to work on defenses. The castle is now worked on by peasants. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Wallachian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas while they are recommended to them populate the area.
    • Epirus (Ottoman vassal): The invading army is brought down to 300 and the goal is to keep Epirotan people in line, while the state begins to send aid to civilians after Sultan Mehmed is heard saying "Let the Christian,Jews and anyone get food ... as long as they stay with the state." 
  • Iroquois Confederacy: Chief Notaku sends word to the Tuscarora, offering membership in the Iroquois Confederacy. After weeks of deliberation, they accept. Notaku decides to pick up where his father left off and expand Nowadaga and orders there be a walled settlement every ten miles, starting at Nowadaga. He also send 600 braves, led by his brother-in-law Chogan, south (OTL Virginia) to invade the tribes there. He offers whatever surviving people to join the Confederacy or his braves can add their scalps to their collection. Most become Iroquois. Notaku has now done what his father never could, all Iroquois speaking peoples are finally connected as one great Iroquois Nation. Trade flourishes and Notaku sets his eyes north.
  • Duchy of Thuringen: The city guard continues to defend the capital city of Erfurt. Frederick asks the state of Brandenburg-Luxembourg for an alliance. Our military has about 5000 troops in it expanding little by little each year. A large scale wall with scouting towers is starting to be built around the capital Erfurt. A national bank [s continuing to be built within the capital. We continue to trade again with our neighboring states. Farming goes well in our nation this year. The healthy population this year by 3%. Do to his love of Greek and Roman architecture, Karsten (Frederick's son) has a district in the capital city be designed like a mixture of ancient Greece and Rome. Karsten starts his training to become a knight.
    • Pomeranian Dip: Archduke Otto II asks Thuringen for an alliance as well as a trade agreement.
  • Brunswick: Signs the Treaty of Prague. We ask for Saxony as agreed if we joined the loyalists. (Bohemia response needed). Also we begin vassalizing Anhalt and Magdeburg. (Turn One of Six).
    • Thuringenian Dip: We ask for an alliance.
    • Brunswickian/Saxon Dip: We request that Thuringen join the Saxon Federation (You can play as the Federation. In fact, I would prefer that.)  
  • Papal States: The Papal States continue their efforts to expand and reorganize the military strength but the process is slow. Noting with alarm the sudden fall of Constantinople, Pope John XXIII thinks hard about what to do with the circumstances at hand. After concluding that there is no other choice and that Western Europe is now at peace following the War of Lions, he calls a crusade with the ultimate objective of pushing the Ottomans out of Europe entirely and more specifically to liberate Greece and Constantinople from their rule. He instructs all good Catholics who are able to do so to lend some sort of aid to the cause, be it manpower or wealth that can help defeat the heathen onslaught. He promises rewards, both on Earth and in Heaven, to those that would undertake the mission of the Cross and help bring about salvation for those currently under threat. 
    • The Duke of Naxos, John II Crispo, declares the unconditional support of Naxos for the Ottoman Crusade.
  • Grand Republic of Ragusa: The few families soon solidify their status via Senate, as they began using bribery and threats to achieve their cause. Some claim Ragusa is becoming morally decadent, but luckily there's a new crusade that the Republic will quite possibly officially join in order to shift attention from the internal issues.
  • The Duke of Naxos, John II Crispo, orders the mobilization of troops on land and on sea against the mighty Ottoman Empire. 400 troops land at Arta with 15 longships and begin the liberation of Epirus. The liberation should go smoothly against the 300 Ottoman troops defending Epirus, along with the fact that the populace clearly desire independence. Meanwhile, 20 longships attack the Ottoman city of Izmir, using the pine resin we traded Denmark for to burn the Ottoman Navy in Izmir at anchor. Duke John II also realises that he needs a wife. John asks for the hand of Vasilisa of Moldavia, the daughter of Prince Alexander I of Moldavia. He also begins to search for spouses for his nieces, nephews and siblings.
  • Grand Boyardom of Russia: The trade routes through the lands continue to undergo construction. Though progress must stop each winter, Russia enjoys increased trade, especially in the Baltics, as guard ships patrol the area to protect trade routes from pirates and military ships with the gall to attack merchants. The First Fleet sees the construction of several ships, several of which are meant simply to break up ice along major trade routes. The river fleets see extensive additions as well, as retired ships from the First Fleet make their way to the rivers. The Second Fleet sees renovation as well as Russia buys old merchant ships and patrol ships from Genoa. The old Timurid and Astrakhanate ships seized in the battle of Rostov-on-Don are also put to good use. Fur trapping and iron trading continue to bolster Russia's economy. Fortifications to Rostov-on-Don and Moscow are added to the area, with guard towers being constructed along especially vital regions of the trade routes. Russia also begins to replicate cannons and other gunpowder-based weaponry left behind from the Mongolians and from the Timurids, with limited success. Weapons and armor are produced for the army, which undergoes some renovation. The Boyars and Princes consider revamping the military structure altogether. The city guard in Moscow and Rostov-on-Don are established. In Novgorod, an Orthodox monk opens a brewery near the merchants quarters, which makes him a small fortune in the few months that it's in operation this year. His monastery's beer quickly becomes popular in Novgorod. In other news, Russia continues expansion in the Caucasus region, especially along the Baltic Sea.
    • Principalities of Siberia: In the warmer months, expansion of the trade routes and the states themselves continues. Eastward expansion continues to be Siberia's major focus as they work on wrapping around what remains of the Golden Horde. In the meantime, a major route into the Boyardom is about halfway done. Used arms and armor make their way into Siberian lands from Russia.
  • Eric of Pomerania, King of Denmark: Finally, peace has come upon the Lions and we celebrate the peace! Denmark enters the negotiations of the Treaty of Prague, and our troops return home and are celebrated as heroes. hoping to accomplish our diplomatic objectives and that our agreement with Bohemia is fufilled. We hear the pope's call to crusade Constantinople, and it is with a weary heart that I must say that Denmark can not send men to the cause, for we just defended against the Pomeranian invasion of Holstein and the Swedish invasion of Skane. We also can not send soldiers to fully commit to the crusade unless the Teutonic Knights join in. If they do, however, I shall consider. Currently Sweden is still rebelling from us, and we must defeat them, but first I shall rebuild the Danish Army. Despite these setbacks, I am able to call upon 1000 men to draw up arms for God's glory, and I send them to join the crusade. The Danish Army begins rebuilding as well as the Danish navy, with ten more ships being completed and ten more ships being ordered to be completed this year. I return home to Copenhagen and embrace my Queen Phillipa and my daughter Princess Emma and I continue Emma's tutulage as well as the rebuildment and expansion of the University of Copenhagen. We also celebrate the turning of the new decade and there is a massive celebration coinciding with the Peace of the Lions and the dawn of the 1420s, I am convicined that this shall be a new era full of peace and prosperity and I continue the reconstruction of Denmark by expanding on it being a great trading port so money can flow into Copenhagen once again and the massive wave of traders and economists begin, following the great scholars, theologians, natural philosophers, military commanders, and doctors and COpenhagen becomes a center of art and learning as the scholars are free to experiment and study. . The sewage system is reput in place. I propose my daughte, Princess Emma to be betrothed to Prince Adolf of Pomerania.
  • Majapahit Empire: Solification of control over Java continues and additional infrastructure continues to be built. Cultural integration of Sumatra continues, while Kuwat Wira continues to rule a stable year in the Empire. The Keeper's Council and the Board of Ministers begin to argue, while the Godking gives the former a larger role over the Empire. Meanwhile, a member the Keeper's Council decides to request the Godking that he dissolve the Board of Ministers, alleging corruption and a possible coup plot on part of some members. Though initially, he has no evidence to present to the Council, the "evidence" soon begins to emerge and the Godking orders an investigation into Board of Ministers. By year's end, the Godking is still having key members of the Armed Forces investigating ministers and lower officers to prevent another coup. Meanwhile, a trader in Brunei overhears a conversation between the Bahmarid ambassador and the Brunei leadership of plans to stage an uprising. The trader then leaves Brunei, pretending to not have heard the conversation and proceeds to warn his Godking after being in one of the local marketplaces, thus starting his return to Trowulan, which he expects to reach early next year.
    • Order of the Enlightened: The Order continues construction of the port and training camp in Sumatra, and the monastery in Java, while the Grand Master decides to request the establishment of a port in Mindanao, and he is authorised to do so, if the Tondo and Japanese allow it. In the meantime, more members enroll and 1100 join the armed branch. Conversion of Majapahit citizens continues and authorisation by the Order is given to investigate the Board of Ministers' alleged charges.
  • Teutonic Order (Had to work consistent closing and opening shifts): Turn posted. Will elaborate later.
  • Norway: The economic development in Norway continues with the development being more evident in the cities with public spending becoming prevalant. The situation of the trade routes of Norway improves drastically as the merchant guild calix aureus begin to become more dominant in the North sea trade routes. The development of universities and libraries throughout Oslo and Bergen continues with the center of learning and art in the north begin to slowly become evident in competition with the two other great cities of the North Copenhagen and Stockholm while the former has become the lesser of the three due to the large fire it suffered following the civil war. In the northern mountains copper mining begins to be done following its discovery last year with the mines opening we begin to trade it for money steel and various other goods. On Iceland development of the Fisheries continues with the ports around the island continuing to be built for the first time allowing of a local autonomous government begins granting the local some autonomy the purpose of this is to make governing easier. On the Faroes and Shetland and Orkney stuff remains normal with agriculture and Fishing continues. The Navy is upgraded and expanded. In Bergen A palace for the King of Norway is planned out in bergen. The settlement in kola are expanded and our influence increases every day.
  • Benin: The Oba of Benin introduces another set of political and economic reforms, aimed at decreasing the size of the government while ensuring the efficiency of the state to act is maintained. A series of laws protecting the right of subjects of the empire are also introduced, such as the freedom of movement and freedom of private enterprise. A law is passed requiring all businesses in the empire to pay their employees a wage set by the government, with adjustments made for regions with varying levels of wealth. At the borders, Africans from numerous tribes seek entry looking for a better life within the lands of Benin, and with the permission of the Oba, are permitted to enter, though they are broken up into smaller numbers and settled all throughout the empire to assimilate them into Bini culture and society. All migrants are also required to convert to Kuzirism if they wish to stay, and their children are required to go to an esuku where they will adopt Bini morals and values. A system of standard weights and measures are introduced throughout Benin, increasing trade and the cost of currency exchanges as a single system of trade and a single currency are adopted by the new territories. With the reorganization of the agricultural lands in the empire, food output slowly increases, allowing for larger cities and a greater population, especially as the sanitation laws of Kuzirism begin to have an effect on the greater population of Benin. The sanitation and fresh water supply provided by the Bini government lower disease outbreaks newly acquired lands, and mothers are more likely to see their infants survive into adolescence. Public works aimed at increasing the standard of living of the subjects begin, with the more than a quarter million warriors of Benin being called up to serve the Oba by providing their physical labor to build cities, roads, canals, irrigation, and odi for the benefit of the people. Brick, pipe, and glass factories are constructed by the army to supply the cities around them with important goods for city expansion, and also help to keep the warriors busy and contributing to the needs of society. The efforts also increase the image of the new government in the eyes of the people, who see their lives enriched by the reforms and ideals of the Bini civilization, and the security provided by the army. Lowered taxation for the inhabitants of Benin also serve to increase the government's population as most of the government's revenue comes from small customs dues collected on trade throughout Benin. With roads allowing for faster military movement, raids by neighboring tribes are lowered as their forces are quickly caught up to and destroyed by the Bini warriors. The ultimate benefit of this is the ability of the subjects to move throughout the empire, and trade, allowing for a flow of goods and ideas, and connecting all parts of the empire together. Slavery of fellow subjects is outlawed by the Oba on pain of death, who still allows for the enslavement of conquered peoples and selling them to nations beyond Benin. However, slavery within the borders of Benin is outlawed, and slave traders to be punished with enslavement themselves. The benefit of this is that no longer will industries be allowed to rely upon cheap labor, forcing them to hire free subjects, and pay them a competitive wage. Another benefit is that the investment into labor-saving and cost-saving machines such as windmills and watermills. Small family farms are also able to compete with the massive farms of wealthy merchants who once relied upon slave labor to operate them. Though unpopular with the merchant class outside of Benin proper, the commoners and artisans are overjoyed with their ability to compete economically with the merchant class. On the recommendation of Prince Uwaifiokun, Oba Ewuare establishes a number of armories are the largest odi in Benin, which will store weapons and armor for his warriors allowing them to mobilize at a moments notice. Warriors attached to these odi shall receive regular pay from the government's coffers, effectively making them permanently maintained troops of the state. The role of these warriors shall be to hold off an enemy force until the rest of the Bini warriors can be mobilized and sent to the front. With the growth of the empire along the Niger River, a number of cities are built along the river to funnel trade up the Niger. Several riverine ports are built, allowing a greater volume of trade to be allowed. Along the coastline with the Atlantic, the cities of Mahin, Eko, Bioko, Kalabari, and Warri produce addition ships for the navy, with the combined number being 16 oke and 33 epeepe. Over on Opolopo, the trading outpost continues to grow with more than 400 Bini moving to the islands to help build up the settlement there. Because of its importance in managing trade with Morocco during the two to four week trips for Bini vessels, a force of seven oke and twenty epeepe, as well as 300 warriors, are sent to protect the islands from any harm. In line with the orders of the Oba, a census is taken throughout Benin. An increase in the population as well as the conquest of Songhai have seen the population grow to an estimated 16,625,000 people as of 1420. A nine to ten percent increase within the population as agricultural production is standardized, sanitation laws put into effect, and political and national stability maintained, is expected within the next decade.
  • Empire of Japan: The Empire of Japan continues to develop its new banking system as the Shogun and the merchants running the various branches move to further expand the bank branches. Expansion of Hokkaido continues. Development of Manzhuguo also continues with agriculture expanding. Keilung sees more cooperation with the natives. Contact is made with Majapahit via Tondo and they are told not to interfere in Tondo or Japan but are allowed to send a delegation to Japan for the sake of establishing contact.
    • Majapahit Diplomacy (normal): Godking Kuwat Wira sends Admiral Duana Bwi (again) as a delegate to Japan, who is already in Tondo.
    • Tondo Dip: We ask our overlord to gift us with five of their finest war junks to ease Japanenese usae of junks in patrolling trade outes
  • Bahmanids: Firuz Shah institutes a new system where the noble's lands are rotated among them so they can not build a permanent power base. The fast expansion of Delhi and Bengal worries him, as together, they might destroy him. Not wanting to waste the naval expertise of the former Vijayanagar Empire, ten more warships are constructed.
    • Bruneian SECRET Dip: Firuz Shah will support Brunei's efforts against Majapahit.
    • Mogadishan SECRET Dip: We ask our long-standing ally to assist the planned Bruneian insurrection with naval support.
    • Gurkani SECRET Dip: We ask Amir Shahrukh Mirza to join us in glorious jihad when the time is right.
    • Abbasid SECRET Dip: We ask the Grand Caliphah, who not only assisted in a similarly great endavor against Constantinople, but who even now is purifiying Islam in his realm, to provide support to the Bruneian jihad.
    • Bengali SECRET Dip: Bengal has recently conquered many lands of the kuffars, and we ask its ruler to take the next step in that grand endeavor.
  • Chimu Empire: The Empire continues expanding toward Quzco, with the military aiding in the acceleration of the expansion eastward. Roads are built as the armies advance and expand the nation, and settlers follow them.
    • Ica-Nazca: The Ica-Nazca expand northward toward the Chimu in order to extend the border with their protectors. Work continues on improving the army.
    • Chancay State: Work continues on the military.

1421

The Hussite Wars break out with several nobles in Brandenburg, Luxembourg, and Bohemia throwing support to the disciples of Jan Hus, centered around the charismatic general Karl von Havel. Several smaller duchies in Germany including Moravia, Silesia, and Hamelin support the Hussites as well, allong with minor protests in Stockholm, Sweden. Additional impetus to this revolt is nobles and peasants feeling pushed around by the War of the Lions.

Zheng He makes his final voyage to Africa.

Bengal conquers more land in Burma, conquering Ava.

Umar Hamza Khan continues his grand jihad against his neighbors, conquering Dhundar. 

Oman continues to trade with India, specifically in Gujarat.

Friendly reminder: The pope has called for a crusade, for more info nag Monster Pumpkin. -Sky

  • The Gurkani Sultanate: Amir Shahrukh Mirza was proclaimed as the Sultan of the Sultanate, starting a new era under his rule. The Gurkani population rose to about 52 million with the people flocking to cities like Herat, Isfahan, Merv, Aktau, Samarkand and Iskenderun; primarily due to their strategic position in the spice trade. The military was primarily composed of medium-to-heavy cavalry, composite bow, lance, mace, and sword. Heavy cavalrymen wore plated chain mail or metal lamellar armor, with their horses also wearing leather or metal lamellar barding. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and elephants as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Cannons were constructed to serve as siege weaponry whilst experimental muskets were beginning to be developed. Naval bases were established at Iskenderun, Trabzon and Gamrun to establish the presence of the Gurkani fleet in the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and the Persian Gulf respectively, keen on controlling the sudden surge in piracy. The Gurkani Navy developed galleys and carracks to augment the smaller patrol fleets. Agriculture and commerce were at the Sultanates forepoint, with wheat, rice and barley being amongst the largest produced crops. Fishery was promoted as well as it helped in sustaining the fishery villages that were present along the coast, as well as the major port cities of Iskenderun, Basra, Gamrun, Aktau and Trabzon. The Sultanate mined large amounts of silver and gold, to serve as currency as well as ornaments and jewellry. Importance was also given on the development of proper roads for the merchants utilizing the trade routes through the Sultanate. Meanwhile, the Sultanate continued to expand its territories in the Crimean Peninsula, Caucasus and toward Siberia. Karimov Ishakiv, the former Khagan of the Astrakhan Khanate was murdered in his sleep and quickly buried afterward, with the blame put on Novgorod by the Gurkani authorities. The real conspirator behind the murder would've ofcourse been the Sultan himself, who after realizing that Karimov was no longer of any use had chosen to dispose of him. With the Sultan's daughter, Mariam Mirza free to marry once more, he quickly arranged a marriage between her and the Amir of Trabzon, Alexios IV Megas Komnenos; hoping to further strengthen ties and increase the Gurkani claim over Trabzon. 
    • Jalayirid Sultanate: Sultana Rukhsana Daula continued her reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, she would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at Iskenderun where the Jalayirid fleet was also situated. Jalayirid authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at İskenderun, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Jalayirid Sultana, Rukhsana Daula would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Mediterranean port of İskenderun to his Persian Gulf port of Basra, hoping to make it much more advanced and efficient. Rukhsana Daula, Shahrukh's daughter continued her control over the Sultanate as the Queen Regent, strengthening ties with the Gurkani Sultanate. 
    • Khedivate of Trabzon: Amir Alexios IV Komnenos continued his reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, he would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at the city of Trabzon, where the Trabzon fleet was also situated. Trabzoni authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at Trabzon, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Trabzon Amir, Alexios IV Komnenos would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Black Sea port of Trabzon, connecting it to the city of Tabriz, hoping to make the spice trade routes much more advanced and efficient.
  • Majapahit Empire: Solidification of Java continues, and construction of new infrastructure. The investigations are able to find "evidence" that the Board of Ministers has been acting corrupt in recent years and has even considered to "plan a coup" at one point. With this revelation, Godking Kuwat Wira dissolves the Board of Ministers and replaces it with the Keeper's Council entirely. The result is that the King has absolute control over both the Rajya and the Keeper's Council, which has now begun to replace the Board of Ministers. Meanwhile, as a trader that left Brunei arrives to Trowulan, he gives the Godking a warning that the Bruneians are plotting against the Majapahit with the Bahmarid Sultanate. Upon hearing this, an enraged Kuwat Wira decides to outright invade Brunei with a fleet of 80 ships and deploys 45,000 men (5000 in reserve) to invade the nation and strike preemptively.
    • Order of the Enlightened: The Order continues construction of the monastery, while the training grounds are now 100% finished. The port in Western Sumatra is still to be finished, and permission to construct the port in Mindanao is still pending. However, conversion of Majapahit citizens continues, and 1320 men are allowed into the armed branch of the Order. Following news of the Invasion of Brunei, 10,000 men and six ships are sent to Brunei to fight the Bruneians while the regular Majapahit armies secure the majority of the tiny nation.
  • The fleet from Cyprus carrying the Royal Family of Cyprus and various pieces of cargo on the orders of the late King arrive in Aragon, where the Cypriot Royal Family are received by the Regent. The Cypriots are granted the temporary use of the Palace of the Count of Malta in Nueva Barcelona. Meanwhile, the King of Aragon, Alfonso V, has risen out of his years-long seclusion and has taken back control of the country; the Regency is dissolved. Alfonso V hopes to restart his reign afresh, continuing his brother's efforts to regrow the military. 30 ships are produced this year, bringing the total number of vessels in the Royal Armada to 90, including 30 caravels. One of the three caravels that we sent to explore the waters west of Madeira has returned, stating that they have discovered a group of islands that have since been claimed for the Crown, with the Royal Banner hoisted above the land. The King, excited by this news, immediately charters a colony, issuing a Royal Proclamation declaring the foundation of the Colony of Gran Oesta (OTL Azores). Its territories are set such that the entire island group now falls under Aragonese jurisdiction. A fleet of 20 ships, including cargo, passenger and military vessels, set sail for Gran Oesta to establish and defend settlements in order to provide substance to the claim. In the meantime, while we are currently in no condition for war, especially since our lands are directly threatened by the neighbouring Abbasid Caliphate, we provide monetary support for the crusade to liberate Constantinople, a city which rightfully belongs to Christendom.
    • Former Prince James of Cyprus requests to leave the colony as Cyprus is lost.
    • Until such time that the Kingdom of Cyprus can be restored, Prince James is officially appointed by the King as the Governor of Gran Oesta, and living arrangements for James and his family in Gran Oesta mean that they can both move to the Colony by next year. While the holder of the position of Governor still answers to the King, he will have partial sovereignty over the Colony, with the power to create laws specific to the Colony's needs. Crown laws, however, still apply. A Legislative Council is convened to assist the new Governor with his duties.
  • Bahmanids: Noting the increasingly worrying situation in India and the quick Majapahit response, Firuz Shah regrets to inform Brunei that they are now on their own. Firuz instead takes a large army and invades our old enemy Khandesh.
    • ​Gurkani Diplomacy: The Gurkani Sultan, Shahrukh Mirza offers to strengthen ties between the two Sultanates by establishing a matrimonial alliance. He offers that his nephew and the Governor of Tabriz, Khalil Sultan be married to one of Firuz Shah's daughters.
    • OOC: If you agree, make sure to make up some random name for your daughter LOL/
    • Bahmanid Dip: Firuz Shah is glad to give his daughter's (Ruqaiya) hand in marriage to Khalil Sultan.
  • Mogadishu: The nation's income continues to grow, both from increased tariffs and from the Royal Trade Fleet. Our manufactories expand and make more money. We further expand toward the Jubba River, as canals, dikes and ditches are being built. The land surrounding the Jubba-Shebelle Rivers become more fertile. 10,000 local tribesman and foreign settlers became citizens of our nation last year due to our policies of land reclamation and immigration attraction. Ali moves East, passing through the Gurkani Sultanate, Sindh, Kathiawar and Gujarati, before entering our ally, the Bahmanid Sultanate. In the Bahmanid Sultanate, he requested an audience with the Sultan.
    • Bahmanid Dip: Firuz gladly grants Ali an audience and informs him that Mogadishan support will not be needed in the war against landlocked Khandesh.
  • Pomerania: Archduke Otto II in a rather opportunistic move as well as seeking to counterbalance his previous devestating losses, requests General Karl von Havel and the rest of the Hussites to cooperate to advance their common interests, agreeing with Jan Hus teachings, offers his full support to the Hussite cause as well as his convertion to the true teachings of Jan Hus, while in return he requests that the Hussites to crown him and accept him as Margrave of Brandenburg. (MOD response needed) In a gesture of goodwill he converts the bishopric of Cammin to the true teachings of Jan Hus.
    • Karl von Havel accepts. -Skyboi
    • Archduke Otto II leads his 6000 troops and invades the Margraviate of Brandenburg in support of the Hussites. Archduke Otto II also officially converts to Hussitism.
      • With the Pomeranian betrayal, Admiral John de Luxembourg order his 120 ships to move to engage the Pomeranian Navy off Stettins coast. Meanwhile, Prince Philip leads the 30,000-strong Burgundian host, having been camped in Brandenburg for negotiations, to do battle at the border town of Burg Stagard.
  • Abbasid Caliphate: Early this year, the Caliph was disturbed by the disappearance of his daughter Aresh. So he summoned her husband Umar ibn Ziyyad, the aged governor of Upper Egypt, to his court in Cairo. After much conversation, Al-M'utadid realized that the senile Umar had been sterile for many years, and so all his children were not by him. Greatly enraged, M'utadid investigated the witnesses and evidence, and found that Aresh his daughter was committing an adulterous affair with Hassan for all this time, and sired bastards by him. With a heavy heart, Al-M'utadid sent the Kilabarub to hunt down his daughter, who they eventually tracked to the citidel at Fayyum. There she was discovered, in the very act of adultery with Hassan, and so both of them were dragged out to the street and stoned. Thus M'utadid fulfilled his oath before Allah. All the children of Aresh were declared to be bastards, and not part of the inheritence of Abbas. Among these children were Fatima, the wife of the king of Persia. But so as not to incure the wrath of the king of Persia, Al-M'utadid decided to keep this domestic matter a secret. While this was going on, Ibn Tulun arrived back in Egypt from his long voyage of seven years. He recounted all his travels before the Caliph in person, which were all carefully copied into books for study. Seeing a crusade begin, the Caliph marshals his military together, keeping a force of 60,000 troops and 130 ships stationed Damietta in case the Ottomans can't stop the Ahl Al-Kitab on their own. 
    • ​Emiriate of Cyprus (Arab vassal): Unable to annex the population of Cyprus at this time, the Caliph appoints the general in charge as an Emir of the island, except for the Genoan colony which is not being confronted at this time. The population of Cyprus is allowed to return to their own lands of France or Aragon if they wish, or alternatively remain on the island to freely practice Christianity under the Jizya tax.
    • Genoa sold its colony to Cyprus, so I own the whole island. -Nate
  • Tondo continues to expand south, and sends 6000 settlers to Samar Island across the narrow strait to claim it in the name of Tondo. 12 blast furnaces around the capital are built to augment the increasing iron and mettalurgy industries of Tondo, and paved roads to and from Maynila are built to connect the Kingdom together. Rajah Gamgang starts to consolidate his power in the capital and orders all political opponents to be a part of the settling process enacted upon Tondo in the nearby islands, primarily to keep them away from seizing or threatening his power. Massive naval expansion in the regard of trade ships and naval craft commence, as Rajah Gambang, fearful of the Japanese ships that escort the tributary vessels heading to Japan, orders the construction and study of these war junks, as the Chinese call them. The fishing fleet expands to 500 boats, while small warships capable of fighting in rivers are increased in number. Five war junks are to be constructed within the year. The first public aklatan (library) opens in Central Maynila to further spread the knowledge gained by the Kingdom. Smaller libraries are planned to be built in Maynila, Kawit, and Tacloban Military personnel stands at 28,000 active troops across southern Luzon, and 52,000 additional men ready to be conscripted to defend the state. They are armed with swords, shields and armor made from the blast furnaces. Roads in and round Maynila are built, and a town in the south, Kawit, is experiencing rapid population growth as fertile farmlands attract settlers there, along with abundant deposits of minerals in the area. This prompts the Council of Kawit (Kataas-taasang Lupon ng Kawit) to petition Rajah Gambang for a read that connects Kawit to Maynila, thereby attracting more and more settlers. A diplomatic envoy is sent to the Huangdom of Pangasinan, which offers Pangasinan protection, and increased economic growth in part of Tondo's recent economic expansion, and wishes to let Pangasinan experience the same benefits. Our only request is for Pangasinan to swear fealty to Rajah Gambang and Tondo, but Pangasinan will still remaina Chinese tributary [Mod Response].
  • Pangasinan accepts -Ntemod
    • Ma-I: Under the regency council and Queen Kalangitan, a re-organization of Ma-I infrastructure and society commences. Ma-I will still pay its tribute to the Ming, but Tondo holds nominal control over foreign affairs and other things such as protection. The largest settlement in the area is named Li Han, after the first Huang of Ma-I. A port town in northern Ma-I, Beigang, is developed upon by expanding the port facilities, paving roads, and introducing two blast furnaces in the port.
  • In the Duchies of Milan and Savoy, the latter realm being entirely subdued by the Milanese forces, Gian Maria moves to subdue the rebels in Florence. The Duke, not as fond of warfare as his father, attempts to negotiate with the revolting forces before his condottieres convince him that there is not an alternative to pitched combat. Rallying forces from elsewhere in Tuscany, and using the resources of his wife's Albizzi clan, te Duke is able to pacify the Florentine rebels. Meanwhile, he has ordered his navy to conduct a massive embargo around the Venetian island, and is currently prepared to wait out the rebels there.
  • Brunei: We are outraged at the Majapahits for their unwanted aggression, the Sultan denouncing the "God-king" as a warmongerer seeking to suppress others to expand his sphere of influence. We call out to our allies, fellow vassals and Muslim brothers to assist us in our efforts against the corrupt officials in Java, under the claim that the Majapahits are a threat to the stability of the East. We ask for the support of Ming China, the BahmanisTondo, and the Kingdoms of Indochina to help us (MOD RESPONSE REQUIRED). Military production amplifies and independence propaganda is circulated against the Majapahit tyrants. We additionally encourage as many vassals as possible to pursue independence. Those loyal to the revolution attempt sabotage at the Majapahit forces to the best of their abilities.
    • Ottoman Dip: The new Sultan Murad 2nd tells the leader of Brunei in a letter (don't ask me how) "Oh leader of the Muslims in the South, I would love to help you and you Sultanate but I am busy with other matters, Inshallah (if God allows) I will send an aid in any way I can." Later that day the Sultan is heard saying in a Friday prayer "Oh people, make dua for our brothers down south" with half of his Kutba (sermon) talking about the Brunel.
  • Chimu Empire: The Empire continues expanding toward Quzco, with the military aiding in the acceleration of the expansion eastward. Roads are built as the armies advance and expand the nation, and settlers follow them. 
    • Ica-Nazca: The Ica-Nazca expand northward toward the Chimu in order to extend the border with their protectors. Work continues on improving the army.
    • Chancay State: Work continues on the military.
  • In Korea, Yi Bang-won's third born child, Yi Do is coronated. On September 18, Yi Bang-won abdicates and adopts the title as Former King, while Crown Prince Yi Do accedes to the throne. However, for the first five years of his reign, Former King Yi Bang-won will be the Head Advisor. The King revolutionises the government by appointing more people from different social classes as civil servants, rather than just the yangban nobility. Korea continues development as a command economy under the newly crowned monarch Yi Do with input from his advisors, ministries, and the Joseon state-council. Yi Bang-won, who is now dead due to assassination attempts at Yi Do, is named the posthumous name Taejong, and calls for a hundred-day long period of mourning. Korean metallurgical industries are further developed with the erection of more blast furnaces (mainly in cities located within the Han and Nakdeong River basins, namely Busan and Hanseong), with the smelted iron being used in the production of high quality armour, tools and weaponry. Expansion of mining activities within the Hamgyeong province continues, providing a source of revenue and funds for government projects and a source of raw material (such as iron ore and coal) to fuel the blast furnaces. The importance of education continues to be heavily emphasised by the government, with those within the national civil service program, and those of the upper castes being encouraged to partake in education. Numerous libraries and universities are constructed within the major Korean settlements, equipped with the Chinese texts that have been translated into Korean (now using the Hangul script instead of Hanja). Korea continues vigorous expansion into arable lands north, and northeast into the fertile Amur basin. Expansion of soy and wheat farms continue, as they are now the staple grains of Manchuria. Local cold-resistant varieties of Siberian pea shrubs, sea berries, and Siberian crabapples are further cultivated in farms and incorporated into the local provincial cuisine. Honey, collected from the Amur basin, is becoming extensively used as a sweetener in Korean deserts. More hwacha, cannons, hand cannons, multiple rocket-launchers alongside Chinese weaponry such as firecrackers and fireworks are manufactured and armed to Korean levies. The army is further developed to consolidate claims within the Ryojeo province, though at the expense of the navy. A massive palace complex similar to China's begins construction, estimated to be finished by 1425.
  • Order of Knights Hospitaller: The naval war against the Ottomans continues. Grand Master Philibert is appalled by the utterly nonsensical resergence of the heretical Hussites in Europe and calls on the pope to listen to the demands of moderate Hussites (MODS, considering there appears to have been no ATL differences in Hussite ideology, can we assume there are moderate Utraquist and radical Taborite factions or ATL equivalents? Can we accept the Articles of Prague as a summation of ATL Hussitism?) insofar as they are consonant with Catholic doctrine, whilst also imploring all Catholic nations to destroy radical heretical Hussitism. Late in the year, about two hundred Knights and Sergeants Tertiary arrive on Crete with their families.
    • Goes without saying. I'll give more detail next turn. -Natemod
  • Mayapan continues the integration of the southern city-states into the League. Each new state is expected to supply men to train and serve in the national army. Expansion continues in the southern regions of the nation. Having reached the ocean, the High Council agrees that expansion should occur northward along the coast of the Nuchol Sea (OTL Gulf of Mexico). The council seeks to improve commerce and communication between the many settlements of the Yucatan by constructing and maintaining roads between them. Due to Emperor-King Iktan's initiative, work continues to renovate and update existing buildings, roads, and to create plans for future upkeep and renovations.
  • Grand Republic of Ragusa: The government prepares to work together with the pope in order to battle the infidels and its military advisors already begin to prepare a plan as Ragusa's involvement needs to be tactically marvelous in order to be of use against the wild hordes of non-believers.
  • Assam: The defeat by Koch convinces Sujangphaa that tribal disunity is Assam's greatest weakness. He decides to reorganize his 3000-man army on a decimal basis with three divisions of 1000 men each. He names the three divisions after a Vedic god. The three divisions he has are the Shiva Division, the Brahma Division, and the Vishnu Division. Sujangphaa also tries to buy some war elephants from Bengal. (MOD Response needed).
    • ​Bengal agrees. -Natemod
  • Sweden: We offer peace to Denmark, wanting to seal it by marriage of Eric's heiress to my second son, Gustav, and require Blekinge as the dowry. We continue settling north and quash brutally any Hussite rebellion.
  • Brandenburg: Having not fully demobilized the troops from the war of the lions, the regency arms and moves to engage Otto's forces and calls upon the emperor to support him as a Catholic ruler. The regency also moves to negotiate with the Hussites and come to terms. The treaty of Prague is agreed to and once the revolt in Brandenburg is dealt with the regency will sign it. Troops are called from Luxembourg to help break up the Otto invasion. Support from Burgundy is also requested.
    • Thuringen Dip: We ask for an alliance/
  • Duchy of Thuringen: The city guard continues to defend the capital city of Erfurt. Frederick accepts the offer for an alliance with Pomerania. Our military has about 5000 troops in it expanding little by little each year. A large scale wall with scouting towers is starting to be built around the capital Erfurt. A national bank is continuing to be built within the capital. We continue to trade again with our neighboring states. Farming goes well in our nation this year. The healthy population increases this year by 3%. Karsten's improvement in the training area is showing off. With the pope calling a crusade on the Ottomans, we send our troops to help in the name of God. We ask for an alliance with Austria.
  • Tibet: Deep in the mountainous village of Nêdong, the great Chogyal and Gongma, Drakpa Gyaltsen, wakes up from a dream. A dream of his childhood. Startled, he groggily walks out to his balcony and stares. He watches his citizenry work and laugh and perform rituals embedded in his own culture. It dawns on him that these years, under his family's reign, have been the best years of Tibet since the great Tibetan Empire. It occurs to him that his family is the custodian of Tibet's Supreme Aura, and Tibet's way of life. He is also, however, a military man, and has overseen its growth and improvment. Taking from both Chinese, Mongolian and Indian as well as traditional Tibetan arts, his army is well disciplined and strong. Meanwhile, in the religious sector of the nation, interest in the old Bon ways continues, including among many Buddhist monks. Tibetan scholars, missionaries and military personnel find themselves in nearby countries, such as Ladakh and to a lesser extent Shan. promoting Tibetan Buddhism and way of life. More monasteries, mostly those of the gelugpa school, are built aroung Tibet.
  • Iroquois Confederacy: A great blessing befalls Chief Notaku and his family. His wife, Ojistah gives birth to a daughter, who they name Tayanita. To celebrate, all war parties are called home and intertribal games are held at Nowadaga. Far to the south of Nowadaga, a group of Iroquois notice a strange, black, water-like substance seeping from the ground while digging, petroleum has just been discovered in America. Fearing that this is a bad omen, the locals send word to Chief Notaku who, with his mother/medicine woman, travel south to OTL Pennsylvania. Notaku orders for the matter to be extracted and taken back to Nowadaga to study. After weeks of study, Onatah declares this a gift from the Creator. With many purposes, including mosquito repellent and being very flammable, it is a great tool, given to the Iroquois as a gift. Urban development and trade continues.
  • Ottoman Empire: The Sultan works on building schools across the Ottoman Empire and works on hiring people across the state. With the taking of Istanbul the Sultan orders the remaining POWs to be killed, while civilians in the city are sent to other cities to treat their wounds. The city is worked on by fixing the wells, while the army begins to work on planting food reports say the fix up of Istanbul can take five years.More Muslims are sent to the South and some Turks are sent to mix with the other Muslims in the areas. The Ottoman army then amass to 110,000 and begin to march their way to meet the crusader army passing through Istanbul to our Baltic borders.
    • Serbia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 1000 more mosques - mostly in the South. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Serbian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas and to populate the area. The area is set up with defenses to stop the crusader army.
    • Wallachia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 800 more mosques - mostly in the South, and recruiting peasants for the army. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. The troops are order to not fire unless fired upon, the troops begin to work on defenses. The castle is now worked on by peasants. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Wallachian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas while they are recommended to them populate the area. The area is set up with defenses to stop the crusader army.
    • Epirus (Ottoman vassal): The invading army is brought down to 300 and the goal is to keep Epirotan people in line, while the state begins to send aid to civilians after Sultan Mehmed is heard saying "Let the Christians, Jews and anyone get food ... so long as they stay with the state.
  • Kingdom of France: The ambitious new King, Louis XI continues his reign with the desire to further centralize the lands of France. To collect more wealth and strengthen the French crown, Louis XI re-institutes the previously used Taille, a direct land tax on the French peasantry and non-nobles. He starts it at a low rate, but will continue to increase it in years to come. Louis continues to secretly authorize the use of piracy on English merchant ships going past the French coast. Although the nation is hyper-focused on improving its army, the King begins building a small fleet of mostly transports in the Mediterranean, and experiments with ocean-going ships on the Atlantic Coast. Louis continues to cement relations with Castile and the Papal States.
  • Genoa: We join the crusade and send troops through Geleta against the Ottomanas. Trade and the Bank of St. George thrives. Ligurian continues to grow as the vernacular of Corsica. We ask for trade with the Abbasid Caliphate.
    • Arab Dip: We accept trade.
    • Posted for Oct. -Nate
  • Empire of Japan: The Empire of Japan continues to develop its new banking system as the Shogun and the merchants running the various branches move to further expand the bank branches. Expansion of Hokkaido continues. Development of Manzhuguo also continues with agriculture expanding. Keilung sees more cooperation with the natives. (gonna make a better post for the next turn - had a busy few days.)
  • Papal States: The papacy throws what it can toward the crusade, including most of its military and navy. Anything that can be done for the war effort is done. More calls go out for good Catholics to support the war. The pope addresses the Hussite issue and urges the Germans to once again quell the threat in their midst, but also heeds the call of the Knights Hospitaller and suggests that some of the more moderate ones come to Rome and discuss their issues with his Holiness directly.
    • Essen Dip: Abbess Margarete of Essen offers to help his Holiness in dealing peacefully with the Hussite issue, sending the book of Adelphinian Reforms to the pope, noting how close Essen's canonesses are to making peace with the people, and requests that the pope give some authority to Essen's canonesses to travel directly to Hussite-infested locations and speak with their local leaders in order to resolve their differences.
  • The Kingdom of England: Henry V pushes his forces forward, centralizing them into a large force from their previous split divisions, he begins confronting the Scottish main force, and besieging Edinburgh from the sea, it is easily taken over due to previous ownership, as the English know the city well. England increases military and economy and sends more forces against the Scottish, and begins sending minimal troops to The Kingdom of Denmark, as well as a small navy to protect their trade and ports. Our economy is focused on hiring more soldiers and mercenaries and outfittings for the war.

Wales: Military and Navy increase, ships are sent to continue raiding Scottish shores and troops are transported and sent to Nottingham and York to garrison a back up force to hold seized territory from Scotland. Dublin: continued support is sent to England, troops and economy. The economy is tributed to England, as the troops are sent to recruit more soldiers around the Irish hills and farms, hiring mercenaries and more soldiers.

  • Cologne: The Archbishop of Cologne highly approves of Abbess Margarete’s diplomatic move outlined below and sends a small envoy of university theologians to the Papal States to reinforce this message. Meanwhile, Archbishop Dietrich continues to improve upon the weapons industry in both Cologne and Westphalen. He also grants Margarete’s proposed licence to give talks in other countries and sends some of his own canons to emphasise his support. Finally, Cologne writes to Bohemia, noting that some of Essen’s canonesses are still present, and bids it to further embrace the teaching of the Adelphinian Reforms in order to make peace with the Hussites in its country.
    • Essen: Abbess Margarete instructs her canonesses to finish the book on Adelphina’s teachings. In the first few months of this year, the book is released in Essen. It, along with the German bible, continues to be slowly handprinted to create more copies. Noting that the Hospitallers have called on the pope to listen to Hussite demands, Margarete sends a letter to the pope outlining the steps Essen and Cologne have taken to make Catholicism more agreeable to the people over the last 21 years, and sends a copy of the book of Adelphinian Reforms, then offers to send some learned canonesses from Essen to the Papal States, or any of the countries infested with Hussites, in order to speak with the Hussite leaders and resolve their differences to the Catholic Church. If His Holiness would give Essen some authority to do so, such a feat would be much easier to achieve. Plus, it will not do anyone good if we get into another war. Meanwhile, Margarete asks the Archbishop of Cologne for a licence to send canonesses to lecture in other nations outside of Cologne, Essen and Westphalen. This licence is granted.
  • Benin: The economic and social development of the nation continues under Oba Ewuare's reforms. The faith of Kuzirism is further ingrained into the public conscience as a critical institution of the state, with centers of worship doubling as schools and medical centers, judicial figures hailing from the clergy, and morality and ideology governed by Kuzir principles. As the faith continues to spread throughout the nation, more and more non-Kuzir subjects convert to the religion seeking to promote themselves as ideal citizens looking to advance their station in life. Concepts such as equality under the law continue to be upheld by the state, with the poor and the wealthy being judged equally under the law under the Oba's oversight. Agricultural developments continue, with subjects being taught how to farm properly, how to produce more abundant crops by using crop rotation and manure as fertilizer, and how to avoid overtaxing the land and destroying the soil's fertility. With the introduction of crop rotation alone, crop yields have increased by 15-20% in most regions along the Niger River. This has allowed for the for growth of cities along the river, as well as in many other regions as excess crops are shipped to other areas of Benin to feed the growing population there. The city of Edo alone has reached great numbers of people, with the total population believed to have reach 150,000 for the first time. As the grid pattern and stone construction of the capital city continues to be improved, and the sanitation requirements adhered too, many authorities believe that there is real potential for Edo to reach population heights never before witnessed in Benin's history. The Oba passes a law stating at all children must attain a basic education and learn the Iwe ti Iwo by the time of adulthood, and that all cities must possess one esuku within their walls to assist in the former decree. Migration into the empire continues, though it is limited to such a point that the distribution of migrants into Benin is controlled and allows for a steady rate of assimilation of Bini values and religion. Of particular interest are the Akan of Ghana, who have been migrating into Benin from the west. Taking a particular interest in the lands of the Akan, especially the gold and diamond-rich territories they possess, the Oba passes a number of resolutions that will allow Bini subjects seeking a piece of land of their own to migrate to the lands of the Akan and if they settle it in the name of Benin. Many take on the offer given, and thousands proceed to migrate into Akan lands with the protection of the warrior caste. Facing a disorganized tribal group, the Bini settlers find their expansion to be relatively easy, though many Akan put up fierce resistance to the settlers killing many. Thus far, Benin has only been able to push about 7000 square kilometers into Akan territory. However, as resistance continues to grow, the Oba believes that more direct intervention from the warrior caste may be required. As expansion continues in their lands, odi are constructed and garrisoned by the warriors, and serve as the basis of the new cities and towns founded in the region. Elsewhere, development of the Cape Varde trade outpost continues, with nearly 1200 residents on the largest island alone. The waypoint serves as a resting place for sailors and merchants going to and returning from Morocco and Castile, and a place of protection from vagabonds originating in Jolof and Mali. As on the mainland, an odi is built to protect the main island from an assault, and a series of walls are constructed around the port for protection. In the major port cities of Eko, Mahin, Bioko, Warri, and Kalabari, twelve oke and twenty epeepe are built for the navy to promote trade in the region and secure the northern trade route to the Mediterranean Sea. Oba Ewuare prepares to send Okpara Maduka to establish formal diplomatic relations with Morocco, Castile, and Portugal on Benin's behalf, seeking parly with the lands north of Benin.
  • Teutonic Order: After the stalemate that was the War of Lions, Grand Master Ulrich is constantly visibly disgruntled due to a not-so-overwhelming victory that only resulted in some token White Peace and coin. The outbreak of the Hussite War causes concern amongs several senior Knight-Brothers who make the case to Ulrich that such a thing could spread to the Teutonic lands, given the knights more religiously educated knights possibly able to think freely into heresy. No solutions to this problem are proposed and debate rages between Ulrich and the senior Knight-Brothers about the ability for the Knights to think freely. Due to the outbreak of the Hussite Wars, Grand Master Ulrich sends special correspondance to the pope for guidence. Several dozen Knights are upset by the measly gains made by the War of Lions as they had hoped to extend their lands, not gain a couple coins. These spoils are nevertheless used to improve most all holdings into larger and more efficent domanians for trade, commerce, military outfits, and harvests.
    • Teutonic Diplomacy: Grand Master Ulrich sends correspondance to the pope, asking for guidence in dealing with the heretical Hussite War, and the possibility to heresy extending to Teutonic land.

1422

Because of the Ottoman miscalculation, the crusader army has taken Constantinople. However, the Ottoman Sultan escapes and his entire army now rings the city once again.


Bozi, please, speak with the mods before your turn, we want to speak with you about something. -Nate

This was apparently metagaming. -Nate

For the sake of everyone's sanity we are bringing it back to the agreed conclusion. ~Edge

The Hussites led by Karl von Haval draw up their theology known as the Articles of Berlin. The Hussite Brandenburg nobility continue to revolt, using mobile wagons as part of their tactics. The states of Moravia, Silesia and Moravia support Pomerania as the ruler of Brandenburg

A great famine in Greenland begins dwindling the population of the Norwegians and Danes there.


  • The Gurkani Sultanate: Amir Shahrukh Mirza was proclaimed as the Sultan of the Sultanate, starting a new era under his rule. The Gurkani population rose to about 52 million with the people flocking to cities like Herat, Isfahan, Merv, Aktau, Samarkand and Iskenderun; primarily due to their strategic position in the spice trade. The military was primarily composed of medium-to-heavy cavalry, composite bow, lance, mace, and sword. Heavy cavalrymen wore plated chain mail or metal lamellar armor, with their horses also wearing leather or metal lamellar barding. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and elephants as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Cannons were constructed to serve as siege weaponry whilst experimental muskets were beginning to be developed. Naval bases were established at Iskenderun, Trabzon and Gamrun to establish the presence of the Gurkani fleet in the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and the Persian Gulf respectively, keen on controlling the sudden surge in piracy. The Gurkani Navy developed galleys and carracks to augment the smaller patrol fleets. Agriculture and commerce were at the Sultanates forepoint, with wheat, rice and barley being amongst the largest produced crops. Fishery was promoted as well as it helped in sustaining the fishery villages that were present along the coast, as well as the major port cities of Iskenderun, Basra, Gamrun, Aktau and Trabzon. The Sultanate mined large amounts of silver and gold, to serve as currency as well as ornaments and jewellry. Importance was also given on the development of proper roads for the merchants utilizing the trade routes through the Sultanate. Meanwhile, the Sultanate continued to expand its territories into the Crimean Peninsula, Caucasus and toward Siberia. Mariam Mirza gave birth to a daughter, who was subsequently named Julias Megas Komnenos. About around the same time, Khalil Sultans wife, Ruqaiya Shah gave birth to a son, Ahmad Sultan.
    • Jalayirid Sultanate: Sultana Rukhsana Daula continued her reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, she would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at Iskenderun where the Jalayirid fleet was also situated. Jalayirid authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at İskenderun, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Jalayirid Sultana, Rukhsana Daula would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Mediterranean port of İskenderun to his Persian Gulf port of Basra, hoping to make it much more advanced and efficient. Rukhsana Daula, Shahrukh's daughter continued her control over the Sultanate as the Queen Regent, strengthening ties with the Gurkani Sultanate. 
    • Khedivate of Trabzon: Amir Alexios IV Komnenos continued his reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, he would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at the city of Trabzon, where the Trabzon fleet was also situated. Trabzoni authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at Trabzon, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Trabzon Amir, Alexios IV Komnenos would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Black Sea port of Trabzon, connecting it to the city of Tabriz, hoping to make the spice trade routes much more advanced and efficient.
  • Duchy of Burgundy: in Dijon, it is announced that Duke John appears to be recovering from his mutilation suffered in 1419. Meanwhile, the Burgundian armed forces win two more decisive victories, this time against their old ally Pomerania. First, Admiral John de Luxembourg destroys the Pomeranian navy within their own waters. In the aftermath, he remarks the tattered Pomeranian war ensign from their flagship makes a fine present for his twenty-first birthday. Then, in short order, Prince Philip led the Burgundian host against the Pomeranian army at the Battle of Stagard, defeating them easily before occupying Stettin. The Battle of Stagard also marks the first time the Burgundians utilize cannons as field artillery, instead of merely siege weapons In a letter to Margrave Frederick of Brandenburg, Philip writes "My good friend, allow me to present, as a Christmas present, the head of our traitor Duke Otto of Pomerania." With the Pomeranian Duke dead, his lands ravaged, and army scattered, the Hussites rival claim to Brandenburg effectively dies as well. Philip invites priests from Utrecht and nearby bishoprics to re-spread the word of the true faith. Now that Pomerania is subdued, Philip marches back south to support Brandenburg against the local Hussites. Philip sends a letter to the Grandmaster of the Teutonic Order, suggesting that they put aside their past differences, and fight their common enemy; the heretics that seek to defile their shared faith.
  • Johann, actually Frederick was regent, though his family will play an important part in the future development of Brandenburg.
  • Chimu Empire: The Empire continues expanding toward Quzco, with the military aiding in the acceleration of the expansion eastward. Roads are built as the armies advance and expand the nation, and settlers follow them.
    • Ica-Nazca: The Ica-Nazca expand northward toward the Chimu in order to extend the border with their protectors. Work continues on improving the army.
    • Chancay State: Work continues on the military.
  • With the Royal Armada now standing at 100 ships and counting, the Crown of Aragon continues to expand the navy and develop our new holdings in the Atlantic. The Governor of Gran Oesta, James Poitiers-Lusignan, arrives to begin his term as representative of the King. We are now ready for war with the Ottomans, and deploy a fleet of 30 ships to assist the crusaders, armed to the teeth with cannons. The ships are also ordered to scuttle themselves if they are overwhelmed by the enemy, as neither our cannons nor our caravels can fall into enemy hands. They are also accompanied by an army of 40,000 soldiers, complete with siege engines and artillery. Among the soldiers are also cavalry units and crossbowmen. However, the majority of the Navy and many units of soldiers remain in Aragon in case the Abbasids decide to attack. The King dispatches a letter to Cairo, declaring that he does not wish to fight with the Abbasids, and that the Caliph would do well to avoid battle with all of Christendom. To further dissuade the Caliph from entering the crusade, he says that an Ottoman defeat would give the Caliphate a chance to achieve true dominance in the Muslim world. We also announce the birth of the King's first child: a son, Prince Ferdinand, named after his grandfather, was delivered by the grace of God to Queen Catherine this July. A great celebration is held in honour of the Royal child.
  • Abbasid Caliphate: Due to the harsher judicial system in Egypt, Ibn Tulun is eventually suspected of a minor crime and put in prison. From prison, Ibn Tulun finishes his work and has it published. 70 ships and 40,000 soldiers are sent to Greece to defend the Ottomans from the crusaders, with the other half of the military defeding Cyprus. The Emirate of Tunis is given nominal independence, with its own military and infrastructure, and the Caliph orders the Emirate of Tunis to help defend the Ottomans.
    • Emirate of the Meghreb: We continue to construct the Grand Mosque of Tunis, and start settling deep into our Meghrebi territories. Our ruler takes over for the Hajj this year, heading off to Mecca, and leaving a regent to rule Tunis in his stead.
    • ​Emirate of Cyprus (Arab vassal): Cyprus is gradually annexed by the forces put in charge over it, converting churches to mosques but otherwise not affecting the local religion.
    • Aragonese diplomacy (SECRET): We wish to at all costs avoid direct conflict with the Caliphate. We thus offer to deliberately but secretly avoid entering battles where the majority of forces are Abbasid; in return we would like the Abbasids' word that they will not cross Aragonese sovereign borders.
    • Abbasid diplomacy (SECRET): We would agree to not cross Aragonese sovereign borders and pull out of the war if all Spanish forces pull out of the crusade.
  • In the Duchies of Milan and Savoy, the subjugation of Florentine and Saviyard rebels being completed, Duke Gian Maria Visconti prepares his forces to take in the city of Venice. They do so early in the year, with the rebels willing to largel put down arms in exchange for sustenance and pardon, which the Duke graciously provides. Then, leaving the bulk of his forces with his younger brother and the condotierres to preempt further revolt, Gian Maria leads 10,000 mean and 50 ships to fight in the crusade.
  • With the forces of the Caliphate distracted, Henry IV sees a golden oppurtinity to crush Morocco once more, and as such, declares war against the nation. 45,000 men are moblizied to crush the Berber Kingdom. Naval Expansion continues. Henry IV continues to rule free of any regency, and as a result he begins to execute his absoulute authority in a more absolute manner. He continues all existing alliances and deals. Henry IV also sends 5000 men to aid the crusaders forces. War seems to be the only thing that pleases Henry IV, as he shows little interest in his one-year-old son Sancho. Henry IV's efforts to Christinize Granada continues, with the area now having an estimated 30% Christian population.
  • As the battle rages on in Brunei, military production continues to increase. In a speech in Kota Batu, the Sultan forgives the Bahmanids for withdrawing, understanding the "more immenent threats at home"; the Sultan requests to establish diplomatic relations with the Bahmanids, as they have been a good Muslim brother to our fledgling nation. Warships continue to be constructed to face off government forces in the Sea of Java. More are recruited to guard our borders and face off the invaders, campaigning this as both an act of patriotism and a jihad. Islam continues to overtake Hinduism, obviously endorsed by the Sultan; however, religious tolerance remains in place.
  • Brunei was defeated by the Majapahit. -Skyboi
  • The Wichita Confederation requests the Pawnee join the Confederacy due to cultural similarities. (Mod) Villages become more permanent with hunting parties of 30 leaving villages every month for food while the rest of the tribe stays and continues farming. Dogs begin to have a more important role as guard dogs and war dogs leading them to slowly become larger every generation. Some villages begin irrigating fields to increase farm productivity. With a large sedentary population, many believe that stronger homes are in order along with some form of palisade around villages to defend against raids. As such people in Tancoa (OTL Kansas) look west at the Kansa and their forests. We begin raiding the Kansa and taking their wood supplies to build wooden houses until we find a way to safely harvest large trees for homes. Tattoos begin to become a symbol of rank with more elaborate designs showing higher rank. War parties are organized with 30 warriors, 20 braves, five dog handlers and ten dogs in each party. 20 parties are currently active with each party having its own war camp. Scouting parties consisting of two warriors, one brave and a dog, are sent to learn about the surrounding tribes and establish relations. Large halls are built for the shamans to reside in and do the will of the gods.
  • Korea continues development as a centralised command economy under the monarch Yi Do, who has ascended to full status as his father Yi Bang-won (given the posthumous name Taejong) has now died and the status as the Regent is left void. A romanticiser of the Silla and Goryeo eras, Yi Do begins a revival of Korean Buddhism, removing restrictions imposed on it established during the reign of Taejong. However, he does not demolish Confucian temples and instead seek a mingling of Confucian values into Buddhism to create a new sect. This is much to the dismay of neo–Confucian scholars and hardliners, but the lower castes, who have little involvement in Confucianism and its rites, are not reactive. Buddhist monks and missionaries are dispatched throughout Korea, though are often faced with mistreatment from the conservative Confucian nobility. The King continues to appoint more people from different social classes as civil servants, rather than just the yangban nobility. The importance of education continues to be heavily emphasised by the government, with those within the national civil service program, and those of the upper castes being encouraged to partake in education. Numerous libraries and universities are constructed within the major Korean settlements, equipped with the Chinese texts that have been translated into Korean. King Yi Do adds a few revisions to Hangul and the Korean language. The Gyeonggi (the areas adjacent to Seoul) dialect is standardised and national texts discussing the proper spelling and grammatical conventions of Korean are made. The arae-a vowel is dropped and replaced with the regular /a/, with the arae-a character instead being used as a notation for glottal stops. A flat character similar to the Hanja character for the Sino–Korean number for one is used as an indicator of a long vowel (/ː/). Tones and tonal notations are dropped from official Korean, to facilitate the learning of proper Korean (the standardised dialect) by young children and non-Koreans in Manchuria, like Jurchens. Korean metallurgical industries are further developed with the erection of more blast furnaces, with the smelted iron being used in the production of high quality armour, tools, and weaponry. Expansion of mining activities within the Hamgyeong province continues, providing a source of revenue and funds for government projects and a source of raw material to fuel the blast furnaces. Korea continues vigorous expansion into arable lands north, and northeast into the fertile Amur basin. Expansion of soy and wheat farms continue, as they are now the staple grains of Manchuria. Local cold-resistant varieties of Siberian pea shrubs, sea berries, and Siberian crabapples are further cultivated in farms and incorporated into the local provincial cuisine. Honey, collected from the Amur basin, is becoming extensively used as a sweetener in Korean deserts. More hwacha, cannons, hand cannons, multiple rocket-launchers alongside Chinese weaponry such as firecrackers and fireworks are manufactured and armed to Korean levies. The army is further developed to consolidate claims within the Ryojeo province, though at the expense of the navy. A massive palace complex similar to China's begins construction, estimated to be finished by 1425.
  • Bahmanids: Firuz Shah asks Jalaluddin Muhammad Shah of Bengal for a defensive alliance against fast-expanding Delhi, noting that both our Sultanates were once territories of Delhi, and that there's no guarantee that Umar Hamza Khan will only target Hindu states. (MOD response needed) Wishing to make his empire more Muslim, Firuz invades Malwa. Shortly after the campaign, Firuz Shah dies, and is succeeded by his son, Ali Nadeem Shah.
    • To the mods: I found two articles citing the estimation of one W.H. Moreland, who estimated that the the the Bahmanids and Vijayanagar (which I conquered) had a combined population of 30 million. The articles do question his numbers, but all the other methods of calculation put the population of India as even higher than Moreland's estimates.
  • Mogadishu: The nation's income continues to grow, both from increased tariffs and from the Royal Trade Fleet. Our manufactories expand and make more money. We further expand toward the Jubba River, as canals, dikes and ditches are being built. The land surrounding the Jubba-Shebelle Rivers become more fertile. 10,000 local tribesman and foreign settlers became citizens of our nation last year due to our policies of land reclamation and immigration attraction. Ali returns to Mogadishu from a dhow in the Bahmanids, and begin to refrain from travelling, as he must begin to train to become a Sultan.
  • Tondo: Continues to expand south, and sends 6000 settlers to Samar Island across the narrow strait to claim it in the name of Tondo. 12 blast furnaces around the capital are built to augment the increasing iron and mettalurgy industries of Tondo, and paved roads to and from Maynila are built to connect the Kingdom together. Rajah Gamgang starts to consolidate his power in the capital and orders all political opponents to be a part of the settling process enacted upon Tondo in the nearby islands, primarily to keep them away from seizing or threatening his power. Massive naval expansion in the regard of trade ships and naval craft commence, as Rajah Gambang, fearful of the Japanese ships that escort the tributary vessels heading to Japan, orders the construction and study of these war junks, as the Chinese call them. The fishing fleet expands to 500 boats, while small warships capable of fighting in rivers are increased in number. Five war junks are to be constructed within the year. The first public aklatan (library) opens in Central Maynila to further spread the knowledge gained by the Kingdom. Smaller libraries are planned to be built in Maynila, Kawit, and Tacloban Military personnel stands at 28,000 active troops across southern Luzon, and 52,000 additional men ready to be conscripted to defend the state. They are armed with swords, shields and armor made from the blast furnaces. Roads in and round Maynila are built, and a town in the south, Kawit, is experiencing rapid population growth as fertile farmlands attract settlers there, along with abundant deposits of minerals in the area. This prompts the Council of Kawit (Kataas-taasang Lupon ng Kawit) to petition Rajah Gambang for a read that connects Kawit to Maynila, thereby attracting more and more settlers. Diyang Kalangitan orders a group of 15 scouts, 50 soldiers and 75 civilians to establish a trading post in northeastern Palawan, and another party consisting of 50 soldiers and 50 civilians to settle in Busuanga island
    • Ma-I: Under the regency council and Queen Kalangitan, a re-organization of Ma-I infrastructure and society commences. Ma-I will still pay its tribute to the Ming, but Tondo holds nominal control over foreign affairs and other things such as protection. The largest settlement in the area is named Li Han, after the first Huang of Ma-I. A port town in northern Ma-I, Beigang, is developed upon by expanding the port facilities, paving roads, and introducing two blast furnaces in the port.
    • PangasinanL: Following the Tondo model,Pangasinan is subdivided into multiple areas assigned into Councils of 50 members each. Rajah Gamabang is recognized as the Huang, although Liyu is still recognized as an the honorary Huang. Pangasinan thrives as the center of economic activity in the city as blast furnaces to supply metals of various types and uses to the people, with 15% of all output to be handed over to Tondo. A major road from Pangasinan to Maynila begins construction.
  • Duchy of Thuringen: The city guard continues to defend the capital city of Erfurt. Our military has about 5000 troops in it expanding little by little each year. A large scale wall with scouting towers is continuing to be built around the capital Erfurt. A national bank is continuing to be built within the capital. We continue to trade again with our neighboring states. Farming goes well in our nation this year. The healthy population continues to increase by 3% each year. Karsten's improvement in the training area is continuing to show off. Our army is still fighting in this crusade happening on Ottoman's land.
  • Brandenburg-Luxembourg: The young Johann is given an early coronation as the crisis in the country has reached a critical point and the aging Frederick has reached the limits of his skills. Johann in his first act as Prince Elector, calls upon the Catholic Church to back him as the legal and legitimate heir to his father's domains as a Catholic lord, and requests support from his uncle the holy roman emperor promising to back them in the next elections but requesting that some form of negotiations occur to stabalize relations with the crown of Bohemia after the debacle of the lion's war. Johann also makes a request to see the Hussite General Karl von Havel to determine what it would take to bring him and the other revolting lords under reign of the legitimate rule of the house of Brandenburg reminding them that supporting Pomerania will only lead to the destruction of the Hussite movement as the emperor and the holy see will not stand for a Hussite ruler. Johann, however, also in secret, reveals sympathies for the Hussites and in secret says he would be willing to let them practise their creeds in secret without public persecution should they agree to lay down arms. Johann at the age of 14 calls on all levies to be mobilized and in an effort to consolidate military in the March after two horrible campaigns, reminding them that it will be to protect the land that is rightfully theirs, he continues to promote his father's. The young Arianne is kept in closed confinements and it is stated that she will not be harmed as she is the future bride of the Elector. With a force of 8000 that is let after the revolt and the mercs were disbanded moves to fully engage the Pomeranian forces invading from the north in coordination with the Burgundian seige of Stettin and to try to handle the rebels in Brandenburg, though Johann issues commands to give them the option to surrender as they remain brothers and fellow Brandenburgian lords. Heavy usage of cannons on the Pomeranian forces is carried out and the Elector's forces under the command of a young Elector and his advisors try their best to counter the forces of the Pomeranians. Efforts to continue to improve the military continue and efforts to expand the Luxembourgian mining and smithies industry begin as well as efforts to expand the connections that exist between Luxembourg and the Rhineland economy along with that of the Lowlands through trade. Johann calls upon the other HRE members to support him as a Catholic ruler who is fighting for the survival of the state against an opportunistic Heretic (Otto of Pomerania). Plans are laid to carry out a campaign against the rebellious territories of Silesia and others in an effort to bring them into the control of the empire and possibly under the young ambitious Johann's control should the emperor fail to restore control to the areas. With a ceasefire agreed upon with von Havel Johann orders all Brandenburg forces to cease fighting Hussite rebels so that negotiations can begin. With the ultimately defeat of Pomerania Johann decides that the troublesome Pomeranian vassal is to be outright annexed to Brandenburg to provide stability to the region and places the still young Arriane as duchess of the lands but ultimately decides that upon her majority the region will be turned into provinces of the Magrave disbanding the Pomeranian state but promising to respect the autonomy of the lords by extending the rights of Brandenburg nobles to that of the now occupied Pomerania. 
  • General Karl von Havel rejects having to hide his belief and to succumb to the Holy See's authority and will not stop until Hussites in the Empire can freely practice their religion. - Sky.
  • Brandenburg response: Johann reminds the General that without Pomerania they will not be able to secure another sovereign who openly supports their cause and offers to negotiate on their behalf if they lay down arms and come to the fold, promising to act as an honest brocker between the empire and the rebels.
  • von Havel will accept this only on the condition that anyone can practice the Hussite religion openly, otherwise there will be no negotiation, only bloodshed. -Sky.
  • Johann agrees to negotiate based on that premise. 
  • Tibet: Continues along its path of intellectual and cultural enrichment under the guise of her great Chogyal. Infrastructure and roads are made criss-crossing the mountainous nation. Gyaltsen begins to make designs to build a "grand temple and monastery" in the chongye valley, near the graves of his ancestors. He continues to improve the Tibetan army, taking from both Chinese, Mongolian and Indian as well as traditional Tibetan arts, his army is well disciplined and strong. Meanwhile, in the religious sector of the nation, interest in the old Bon ways continues, including among many Buddhist monks. Tibetan scholars, missionaries and military personnel find themselves in nearby countries, such as Ladakh and to a lesser extent Shan. promoting Tibetan Buddhism and way of life. We ask the Gurkhanis to draft a formal trade agreement between our two realms.
  • Norway: The development of Norway continues with more roads and schools and buildings being built across the Country. In the north copper mining continues. Fisheries and agirculture in our colonies continues to produce excellent yields that feed both the colonies and our mainland. Inside of our cities the arts continue to flourish with Scientae Dei and Creande Dei continuing to grow in the city. The dominance of Calex Aureus over North Sea Trade routes continues to grow giving us more economic oppurtonity. Inside the Capitol Mikkael begins to be educated on how to be a king after his father dies. Our navy is expanded and upgraded. In kola trade outpost and minor villages and fisheries grow as well expanding our influence.
  • Assam: Sujangphaa orders another set of impropvements to be conducted. The army, with its new Bengalese elephants, is improved, and roads are built as part of the Paik economic system. The elephants are made part of a strategic reserve known as the Ganesha Division, named after the Hindu elephant god. and commanded by Suphakphaa, the son of Sujangphaa. Sujangphaa dies after ordering the improvements, and his son and commander of the Ganesha Division, Suphakphaa is made Swargadeo of Assam. Suphakphaa's own son, Susenphaa, is made commader of the Ganesha Division. How many Bengali  elephants were purchased by Sujangphaa? (MOD response needed).
  • Kingdom of France: The ambitious King Louis XI continues to rule with the desire to further centralize the lands of France. With the death of Joan II of Auvergne, the only relative left to inherit would be her distant female cousin, so Louis successfully secures Auvergne and her other lands under the French crown. The French composer, Baude Cordier is commissioned to write an anthem for Louis XI and France that he decreed will be used until his death. With funds from the Taille, Louis XI begins to create a small French navy. He starts building a Mediterranean fleet consisting of cogs and galleys, by no means a fighting force, but one that would be able to transport the French army throughout the Mediterranean. Hearing about the discovery of more islands to the west and the fall of Constantinople, Louis funds research to find alternatives to Barques and Balingers to be able to more effectively explore and trade to Asia. The French military continues to improve as the crown also uses the Taille to buy early cannons from Italy and other places in Europe. In foreign policy, French troops move into Andorra, and pressure their government into coming under the French crown and fully integrating under one of their co-princes, the Count of Foix. France continues to improve relations with his brother-in-law in Castile.
  • Teutonic Order: After the stalemate that was the War of Lions, Grand Master Ulrich is constantly visibly disgruntled due to a not-so-overwhelming victory that only resulted in some token White Peace and coin. The outbreak of the Hussite War causes concern amongs several senior Knight-Brothers who make the case to Ulrich that such a thing could spread to the Teutonic lands, given the knights more religiously educated knights possibly able to think freely into heresy. No solutions to this problem are proposed and debate rages between Ulrich and the senior Knight-Brothers about the ability for the Knights to think freely. Due to the outbreak of the Hussite Wars, Grand Master Ulrich sends special correspondance to the pope for guidance. Several dozen Knights are upset by the measly gains made by the War of Lions as they had hoped to extend their lands, not gain a couple of coins. These spoils are nevertheless used to improve most all holdings into larger and more efficient domains for trade, commerce, military outfits, and harvests.
    • Teutonic Diplomacy: Grand Master Ulrich sends correspondance to the pope, asking for guidence in dealing with the heretical Hussite War, and the possibility to heresy extending to Teutonic lands. 
  • Empire of Japan:
  • Khmer Empire: Suryavarman III, the iing who greatly expanded the empire and successfully implemented many reformed, finally dies, leaving his son, Suryavarman IV to secede him. The new king becomes popular immediately, as he is widely judged as more likable and accepting than his father. With the populations of Ayutthaya and Malay now largly assimilated, Khmer boasts a population of between three and a half and four million, though accurate census data can not be found. In order to rectify this, Suryavarman IV decides to take a census, and repeat it every 15 years. This will allow the nation to more effectively tax its citizens and in turn, fund more projects. Suryavarman IV also continues to implement the reforms of his father, reforms designed to restore Khmer to its former glory (#MakeKhmerGreatAgain). The first major reform is centered around the military, which has been massively improved in recent years. Suryavarman IV decides to uphold the reform in its entity. Because of this, 1/20 people are prepared to serve is necessary. Additionally, 1/50 are given minimal training, so they can serve as a replacement if absolutely necessary. While this theoretically gives the empire 200,000 fighting men to use, most agree that deploying any more than 80,000 would put great strain on the empire. Additionally, the navy is improved with 200 ships either ready for combat or are being built or refurbished. The second, but if anything more important set of reforms is also upheld, and expanded. In recent years crop yields have improved dramatically, largely thanks to the bureaucracy Suryavarman III instituted. The bureaucracy continues to expand, and this alone has dramatically increased crop yields, and most areas manage three harvests a year despite the drought. In order to help this goal further, irrigation systems are dug in many of the dryer areas. Overland trading, especially with China continues. In addition to his father's reforms, Suryavarman IV begins improving Khmer himself. He mainly does this by beginning to subsidize artists, such as sculptors, painters and performers. This program is still in its limited in scope, but the place it has been implemented - a western city called U Thong - appears to have dramatically increased in cultural output. Additionally, he starts to expand several cities, in order to accommodate the expanding population of Khmer.
  • Empire of Japan: The Shogun, seeing need to establish a more direct presence in Tondo, sends a well armed delegation of roughly 500 with a few ambassadors and multiple Samurai and their retinues establishing a more prominent presence in Tondo. The Tondo state is requested to allow Japanese merchants and Aristocrats to take up a more permanent residence in the state and also to slow down its expansion to better consolidate its new gains and to prevent other natives from removing their new settlements summarily. The Colony of Manzhuguo continues to expand with more families establishing themselves in Shinotashima and Saitama with these two starting to develop themselves as the major cities on the continent for Japan. The population of the area reaches about 2500 as more farming communities are established. Rough control of a small chunk of the inland and coastal territory is achieved. Keilung undergoes a surprising expansion as nearly 200 settlers come this year hearing of the new opportunities on the island of Taiwan. This brings Keilung to a population of about 300 official settlers. However, in an interesting move many Taiwanese natives have been co-opted into the developing social structure in the colony bringing a developing community of about 500 Taiwanese natives from a local tribe who being one of the stronger tribes in the Area have claimed the nearby area as their sphere of influence looking to benefit off the trade from the Japanese settlement. A few more Japanese-Taiwanese marriage occur solidifying the friendly intent in the area. The shoguns navy under the impression from the Tondo that more support is needed sends a fleet of 30 ships ten of which are war junks to personally oversea the safety of the tribute/trade route from Tondo to Japan. This takes the fleet from Tondo to Keilung, and then Keilung to ports in Southern Japan. The Teikoku Gikai and a Flower Court are both convened this year and the discussion of a census is undergone and the Shogun agrees passing the first act with a 100% vote as he establishes a small bereucratic office to handle it as many Daimyo prepare to give access to their lands among other things to help allow for the census administrators to do their job. The Banks are continually established in Japan and something unique begins to develop as the merchants contracted by the Shogun and many Daimyo to oversee the development of the banking systems begin to focus exclusively on banking forming the first few of the banking clans.
    • Tondo Diplomacy: The Japanese have always been a welcome people in the Kingdom, and agrees to let their merchants' aristocrats to further reside in Tondo. We would also like to request any number of combat ships and war junks for our navy, as this would serve to divide protection of the trade routes between Japan and Tondo between both of our states, and to allow Tondo to develop an indigenous navy to assist Japan in times of crisis.
  • Ottoman Empire: The Sultan works on building schools across the Ottoman Empire and works on hiring people across the state. With the taking of Istanbul the Sultan orders the remaining POWs to be killed, while civilians in the city are sent to other cities to treat their wounds. The city is worked on by fixing the wells, while the army begins to work on planting food reports say the fix up of Istanbul can take five years.More Muslims are sent to the South and some Turks are sent to mix with the other Muslims in the areas  Seeing this is weird and Josh said I lost Istanbul, the army of 60,000 return to Istanbul and begin to attack the city and to lay siege to the city with the help of the Caliphate.
    • Serbia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 1000 more mosques - mostly in the South. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Serbian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas and to populate the area. The area is set up with defenses to stop the crusader army.
    • Wallachia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 800 more mosques - mostly in the South, and recruiting peasants for the army. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. The troops are ordered not to fire unless fired upon, the troops begin to work on defenses. The castle is now worked on by peasants. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Wallachian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas while they are recommended to them populate the area. The area is set up with defenses to stop the crusader army.
    • Epirus (Ottoman vassal): The invading army is brought down to 300 and the goal is to keep Epirotan people in line, while the state begins to send aid to civilians after Sultan Mehmed is heard saying "Let the Christians, Jews and anyone get food ... so long as they stay with the state.
  • Grand Republic of Ragusa: Something about the crusades. I'm not sure at the moment.
  • Haixi Jurchens: We begin military production to defend our tribal lands from outsiders and rival tribes. We ask the Jianzhou Jurchens if they want to form a Jurchen Confederation with us, for the economic benefit of our clans and to protect one another from potential outside invaders. (MOD RESPONSE REQUIRED) We continue trade with Korea, attempting to set up trading posts for the Chinese and Mongolians as well.
  • Majapahit Empire: With Brunei's downfall, the Sultanate is dismantled and replaced by the Bruneian Kingdom, which will serve as a tributary to the Majapahit Empire until its eventual annexation. Crackdowns begin on suspected rebels in Brunei, while solidification of control in Java continues, along with infrastructure being built. Kuwat Wira becomes married to Utari, who now rules beside the 21-year-old Gustimajahara. Cultural integration of Sumatra continues, and by year's end, it becomes another stable year. Gustimajahara Kuwat Wira is saddened to hear of the death of his father's old friend, Suyavarman III, and sends his condolences to Suyavarman IV of the Khmer Empire.
    • Order of the Enlightened: The Order finally finishes its port in Western Sumatra, while the monastery continues construction. The corpses of the 2000 members of the Order who have perished in battle are given the honour of being buried next to the monastery, and while that occurs, the three ships lost against the Bruneian rebels and their crew are given a eulogy, which tells the tales of these brave ships from the Malaccan War to their demise in the Sea of Java. In the end, a normal year continues in the Order, its conversion of local citizens and training by Order members continuing. 2200 members this year have survived combat training; most to compensate for the dead.
  • Mayapan: Continues the integration of the southern city-states into the League. Each new state is expected to supply men to train and serve in the national army. Expansion continues in the southern regions of the nation. Having reached the ocean, the High Council agrees that expansion should occur northward along the coast of the Nuchol Sea (OTL Gulf of Mexico). The council seeks to improve commerce and communication between the many settlements of the Yucatan by constructing and maintaining roads between them. Due to Emperor-King Iktan's initiative, work continues to renovate and update existing buildings, roads, and to create plans for future upkeep and renovations.
  • Cologne: While expansion of the weapons industry in Cologne and Westphalen continues, Archbishop Dietrich II is keenly aware of the Hussite threat and keeps his finger on the pulse, so to speak. He sends a letter to the Duchy of Burgundy and Brandenburg, offering to supplement their forces against Hussites with a group of canons to spread the word of Adelphinian Reforms in order to negotiate with any and all reasonable Hussites, perhaps preventing a larger war from breaking out. Dietrich II notes that Cologne sent many of its physicians to assist Brandenburg in the War of the Lions fallout, and asks for this as a mutually beneficial solution. Further, Dietrich II continues to publicly offer all Hussites, especially Karl von Havel, the opportunity to speak directly with him and have their concerns validated. Dietrich II admits that the Church had its fair share of difficulties before the Adelphinian reforms fell into place, and is more than willing to speak with von Havel himself.
    • Essen: Abbess Margarete grows ever more concerned about the Hussite wars and sends a letter to the pope politely reminding His Holiness of her 1421 requests. Meanwhile, Margarete rereads Adelphina’s book and is inspired to set up a school run completely with funds from the Church. This way, all the children in central Essen can have an education. The school begins construction. Finally, Margarete sends two of her available canonesses to the nearby countries of Berg, Mark and Julich to begin lecturing on Adelphinian Reforms to the people.
    • Brandenburg Dip: Johann thanks Cologne for its support and speaks with authority for the Hussite rebels to come to terms that all Brandenburg nobles and peoples can live by, and invites the archbishop to meet him in Luxembourg to discuss terms to bring religious harmony to the HRE. An invitation to the emperor is also extended.
  • Kuzir Empire: The Oba of Benin decrees that given the new direction and nature of his reign, that Benin shall be known as the Kuzir Empire, and that all his subjects shall be known by that religious affiliation. The Kuzir continue to expand into the Akan regions, settling about 7500 square kilometers of land after removing the inhabitants from the area. Those who fight are slaughtered by the Kuzir settlers, while others are enslaved and sold to the Arabs in North Africa. The superior armor and weaponry of the Kuzir prove to be too much to combat, and the inability of the Akan tribes to communicate or work with one another prevents a unified response against the empire. Odi continue to be built in the new lands, along with new roads leading to them. Forests are cut down to make way for new farmlands, transforming the forested landscape into a rolling agricultural one. Irrigation is expanded into the new lands, allowing the crops to be sustained artificially, and the territory divided into new districts within the empire. Elsewhere, research into the natural sciences continues, with members of the clergy exploring all known fields of science in search of God. One particularly young dari, Sakidi Abubakar, seeks to find a way in which to harness the fury of God for use in the forges of Edo, and begins searching for compounds that are the best in increasing the temperature of the flames for the least amount of fuel. Another dari, Ndulu Bankole, develops the hoisting gear after watching laborer caste members struggle to pull up building material for a construction project in Gao. Ndulu is promptly rewarded by Oba Ewuare for his development, and given three wives as an additional reward. Integration of the conquered peoples into the empire continues as usual, though most children are well-versed in the Kuzir faith, and many parents have accepted this way of life given the increase in the standard of living under Kuzir reign. The construction of new centers of worship and learning in the empire continue, with the thousands of manuscripts taken from the city of Gao and the university in Timbuktu during their capture, reproduced and dispensed across the esuku throughout the land, providing a springboard for the next generation to leap off from. The several hundred thousand manuscripts detailing everything from astronomy, calculus, medicine, science, art, and philosophy are meticulously translated into Yoruba, and then copied by the Kuzir clergy, and then shipped to esuku where students are taught the information. Oba Ewuare makes literacy a requirement for all members of the clergy and the merchant class, believing that both have an important role in the growth of the nation's wealth and power. The navy constructs another ten oke and seventeen epeepe, and the outpost in the Cape Verde islands is expanded to include another 300 individuals.
  • Order of Knights Hospitaller: The Order continues its naval campaign against the Ottomans with the help of its allies. In other news, Philibert looks at the Hussite Articles of Berlin (Presumably the same as the OTL Articles of Prague) and suggests to His Holiness that the people of regions infested with Hussitism be permitted to receive Communion under Both Kinds as an attempt to bring more moderate Hussites back into the Catholic fold. He also suggests that poverty of the secular clergy be considered (perhaps in the form of a vow of individual poverty). However, obviously rejects the idea of the Church giving up its property altogether. The idea of permitting mass in the vernacular in Hussite-infested regions is also suggested [since in this pre-Tridentine era there were lots of regional variation in the mass, anyway, I don't think this is too out there]. In yet other news, more Tertiaries and their families arrive in Crete and Rhodes, with the Knights-and-Brothers-Tertiary going either directly to the front or taking on a local defence position, whilst their families start contributing to the economy.
  • The Kingdom of England: Henry V sends his finest generals forward as his troops push forward, and they battle with Scotland (algo needed, mod attention, please) The English focus their economy to booming while the war lies on the Scottish front, the reinforced garrisons at York and Nottingham begin moving forward in order to begin seizing and controlling the Scottish lands which have been conquering. Scottish coastline continues to be raided by English navy on the west and east, and Danish navy on the east. Troops are continued to be bolstered in Denmark, as we build small forts to defend Danish ports and trade routes. We strengthen our alliance with Aragon, requesting economic support. We increase our military and economy.
    • Wales: Wales continues centralizing again, and increases their military and navy. Ships continue to guard the English Channel, and troops are reinforced at forts and extra soldiers are sent to the Scottish front lines.
    • Dublin: Ireland begins to centralize with England, as it becomes largely affiliated with the ruling throne. Economy and navy are -increased. Farms are spread, industry processed. Blacksmiths, markets and churches built throughout the city-state, the economic pull being sent to England to help fund the war. Navy is used to split defend Wales, the English Channel and raid Scottish coastline.
  • Papal States: The pope is delighted with the capture of Constantinople, but understands that the situation is still perilous. Thus, he calls upon the defenders of the great city to giveir all and for the rest of Europe to maintain the support that has gifted God this great victory in his name. He begins making plans for how to manage the city and to merge the churches, although he privately admits that he will have to take into account the wishes of the armies that bore this victory. More back home, the pope promises the Archbishop of Cologne that he will read his suggestions regarding the Hussite situation and deliberate on the proposal. In the mean time, he authorizes the Archbishop to negotiate on his behalf, but states that any proposed agreements must be forwarded to the pope for final approval before they can be enacted. In the meantime, the pope suggests that moderate Hussites be treated with basic dignity, while those that clearly violate God's laws and rebel against the established order be restrained. 

1423

The Greenland colony of Norway disappears.

Who is doing the algo for Istanbul? I am not making it because people will call it bias so, yeah. -Bozi

I am looking at the algo and it says I sent 20,000 but my army of 110,000 was cut down to 60,000 and I sent 60,000. -Bozi

  • The Gurkani Sultanate: Amir Shahrukh Mirza was proclaimed as the Sultan of the Sultanate, starting a new era under his rule. The Gurkani population rose to about 52 million with the people flocking to cities like Herat, Isfahan, Merv, Aktau, Samarkand and Iskenderun; primarily due to their strategic position in the spice trade. The military was primarily composed of medium-to-heavy cavalry, composite bow, lance, mace, and sword. Heavy cavalrymen wore plated chain mail or metal lamellar armor, with their horses also wearing leather or metal lamellar barding. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and elephants as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Cannons were constructed to serve as siege weaponry whilst experimental muskets were beginning to be developed. Naval bases were established at Iskenderun, Trabzon and Gamrun to establish the presence of the Gurkani fleet in the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and the Persian Gulf respectively, keen on controlling the sudden surge in piracy. The Gurkani Navy developed galleys and carracks to augment the smaller patrol fleets. Agriculture and commerce were at the Sultanates forepoint, with wheat, rice and barley being amongst the largest produced crops. Fishery was promoted as well as it helped in sustaining the fishery villages that were present along the coast, as well as the major port cities of Iskenderun, Basra, Gamrun, Aktau and Trabzon. The Sultanate mined large amounts of silver and gold, to serve as currency as well as ornaments and jewellery. Importance was also given on the development of proper roads for the merchants utilizing the trade routes through the Sultanate. Meanwhile, the Sultanate continued to expand its territories into the Crimean Peninsula, Caucasus and toward Siberia. Muhammad Mirza, the Amir of Khiva marries and soon afterward, his wife becomes pregnant. 
    • Jalayirid Sultanate: Sultana Rukhsana Daula continued her reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, she would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at Iskenderun where the Jalayirid fleet was also situated. Jalayirid authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at İskenderun, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Jalayirid Sultana, Rukhsana Daula would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Mediterranean port of İskenderun to his Persian Gulf port of Basra, hoping to make it much more advanced and efficient. Rukhsana Daula, Shahrukh's daughter continued her control over the Sultanate as the Queen Regent, strengthening ties with the Gurkani Sultanate. 
    • Khedivate of Trabzon: Amir Alexios IV Komnenos continued his reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, he would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at the city of Trabzon, where the Trabzon fleet was also situated. Trabzoni authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at Trabzon, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Trabzon Amir, Alexios IV Komnenos would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Black Sea port of Trabzon, connecting it to the city of Tabriz, hoping to make the spice trade routes much more advanced and efficient.
  • Abbasid Caliphate: The Caliph Al-M'utdadid encourages literature this year, commissioning a Tariq (chronicle) by the scholars of Alexandria. The various Sunni schools flourish with debates between different scholars, as well as new developments in science brought back from the works of Ibn Tulun. The land military is increased and mordernized, while the navy is slightly diminished. The knowledge brought back from China by Ibn Tulun, as well as the Aragonese defectors from the African campaigns, are very useful to introduce mounted and hand cannons into the military. Cyprus is fully annexed this year. However, in retaliation from the losses dealt to him in recent wars with Europe, the jizya tax is increased by the Caliph on Jews and Christians. The harsh judicial system also continues, cleaning up most of the gangs in the Red Lands. Al-Najm, however, not only manages to evade this justice, but develop strategies to get all his rival gangs caught instead. It is at this time, being 20 years old, that Al-Najm joins the military of Egypt. However, being so experienced since childhood with complex strategies, Al-Najm is quickly bored by the simple military knowledge of the Egyptian administration, although he becomes fascinated with gunpowder and works diligently to become an expert at its uses. The defenses at Damascus, Damietta, and Tunis are greatly strengthened into well-fortified cities.
  • We in Aragon are outraged by those who defected to the Caliphate and Islam, and bar all who defected from re-entering Aragonese sovereign borders. We continue to defend Constantinople from the Muslims, and also strengthen our defence at home. The navy has grown to encompass 130 ships, and continues to grow. We also continue development of our cannon technologies, to stay ahead of the technological curve, especially the Islamic world; the concept of hand cannons are also explored. We begin to enforce monitoring of the military, to ensure no others dare to defy the King. All recruits are now put under rigorous religious education before entering service, and are taught about the horrific and Satanic cult that is Islam, and warned to avoid falling for the temptations of the Devil. All ships and units are also now supplied with their own priests, to make sure all officers and soldiers stay faithful to the glory of God. Alfonso V, not wanting to repeat the great mistakes of allowing the hordes of the Caliphate to occupy what is rightful property of the Crown, continues to strengthen the fortifications of coastal cities and strategic positions. We ask to open negotiations for the renewal of the Treaty of Barcelona with Castile, as the first 20-year term is nearing its end. Meanwhile, the King passes new laws, setting a Common Base Tax of 2%, to be extended to all citizens of the Crown, including noblemen and government officials. It is hoped that through the Common Tax more revenue can be raised to continue expansion of the military and development of colonies.
  • In the Duchies of Milan and Savoy, the effort of the 10,000 crusaders continues as they defend the holy city of Constantinople against the Saracen threat. Meanwhile, back at home, the Duke's younger brother oversees the patronage of the arts and consolidation of the realm.
  • Haixi Jurchens: We continue to build up our military, chiefly for defensive purposes. We ask the Jianzhou Jurchens if they want to form a Jurchen Confederation with us, for the economic benefit of our clans and to protect one another from potential outside invaders. (MOD RESPONSE REQUIRED) We continue to request trade deals with nearby nations.
  • The Jurchens agree to stronger relations, but reject a full confederation at this time. -MP
  • Korea: Continues development as a centralised command economy under the monarch Yi Do. He begins to purge opposition from the state-council, instating those who only romanticise the Silla and Goryeo eras. He begins to censor scholarly studies and media that give a different view of those eras. This brings mixed feelings to the nobility, those who had converted to Confucianism are mad at the sudden change in attitude, whilst those who were secretly devout Buddhists are filled with joy, as Buddhist activity was restricted during the Reign of Taejong. The King continues to appoint more people from different social classes as civil servants, rather than just the yangban nobility. A vigorous revival of Korean Buddhism continues, though rather than the displacement of Confucianism, the mingling of Confucian values into Buddhism occurs, creating a new sect of Buddism. Buddhist monks and missionaries are dispatched throughout Korea, though are often faced with mistreatment from the more conservative members of the nobility. He begins to repeal certain laws that stem from Confucianism that are viewed as an obstacle to national goals. Women are now subject to taxes, and those with older children are instructed to do manual labour to make themselves useful. This increases taxes two-fold and increases national productivity. The wife is allowed to be head of the household in her husband's absence, whether it is a death or if he is serving military service. Meanwhile, concubines become limited to the nobility, with a maximum of ten concubines per adult male member of the household. However, as in Confucianism, women are still expected to follow certain behavioural guidelines (those pertaining to chastity and purity), and maintain a negligible role in Korean politics. Korean metallurgical industries are further developed with the erection of more blast furnaces, with the smelted iron being used in the production of high quality armour, tools, and weaponry. Expansion of mining activities within the Hamgyeong province continues, providing a source of revenue and funds for government projects and a source of raw material to fuel the blast furnaces. With the removal of tones in standardized Korean, scholars are told to construct new vocabulary to differentiate homonyms previously differentiated by the use of tones. These new vocabulary are added to the second version of the national dictionary. Those within the national civil service program, and those of the upper castes being encouraged to partake in education; numerous libraries and universities are constructed within the major Korean settlements, equipped with the Chinese scholarly texts that have been translated into Korean. A massive palace complex similar to China's begins construction, estimated to be finished by 1425. Korea continues vigorous expansion into arable lands north, and northeast into the fertile Amur basin. Expansion of soy and wheat farms continue, as they are now the staple grains of Manchuria. Local cold-resistant varieties of Siberian pea shrubs, sea berries, and Siberian crab apples are further cultivated in farms and incorporated into the local provincial cuisine. Honey, collected from the Amur basin, is becoming extensively used as a sweetener in Korean deserts. More hwacha, cannons, hand cannons, multiple rocket-launchers alongside Chinese weaponry such as firecrackers and fireworks are manufactured and armed to Korean levies. The army is further developed to consolidate claims within the Ryojeo province, though at the expense of the navy. Disturbed by the Haixi Jurchens, who are advocating for the unification of the Jurchen people under the Jurchen Confederation, King Yi Do sends Kim Jong-seo and an army of three thousand Korean troops to the Haixi Jurchens and a few hundred Chinese troops stationed in Hanseong to discourage them – promising immediate invasion if they do unify. Yi Do requests to the Ming to end Korea's subjugation as a protectorate, and seeks to return Korea as a fully independent state (MOD RESPONSE). He is open to reestablishing Korea's tributary relationship, but prefers to abstain from it as Japan is to.
    • The Yongle Emperor: Denies Korea's request to break away from the Ming. He announces that anyone who tries to rally for Korean independence will be prosecuted. A new law that states that any rally for Korean independence is considered unlawful and is punishable by jail time and even death is signed into power.
    • The Haixi Jurchens announce that they mean no harm to the Koreans, and would rather wish to work with them; they ask that the troops pull out before any kind of conflict erupts.
  • Cologne: The Archbishop of Cologne, Dietrich II von Marck, is honoured to be invited to Brandenburg and further honoured to be authorised to negotiate on behalf of His Holiness. Dietrich II travels immediately to Luxembourg, leaving Cologne in the care of his Vicar General, the aging Wikbold. He is accompanied by three learned canons and two theologians from the University of Cologne, along with prioress Hildegard of Essen, who brings with her a copy of the book of Adelphinian Reforms and a copy of the German bible translated by canonesses in recent years. When he arrives in Luxembourg, Dietrich II reinforces the pope’s message that the Catholic Church is willing to negotiate and to hear reasonable complaints. When he speaks to Karl von Havel, he begins by asking von Havel to specify what exactly it is that he wants, and what grievances he has with the Church. [MOD RESPONSE] He indicates that Cologne and Essen, through the Adelphinian Reforms, have peacefully dealt with some existing grievances people at large have had with the Church. From here, Dietrich II plans to respond accordingly. He has had a chance to read the Articles of Berlin [OOC: assuming these are the same as the OTL Articles of Prague] and comes to the negotiating table with an open mind.
    • Essen: The Prioress Hildegard of Essen goes with Archbishop Dietrich II of Cologne to Luxembourg. Meanwhile, Abbess Margarete continues work on the school in Adelphina’s honour, and her canonesses continue to give talks in Berg, Mark and Julich to the people. Awareness slowly grows.
    • I would, but I am biased. Other mods please help out? -MP
  • Bahmanids: Ali Nadeem Shah orders the commission of an illustrated manuscript of the glorious reign of his father. (I am still waiting on a MOD RESPONSE on my dip to Bengal last turn.)
    • ​Bengal Declines. -MP
  • Mogadishu: The nation's income continues to grow, both from increased tariffs and from the Royal Trade Fleet. Our manufacturers expand and make more money. We further expand toward the Jubba River, as canals, dikes and ditches are being built. The land surrounding the Jubba-Shebelle Rivers become more fertile. 10,000 local tribesman and foreign settlers became citizens of our nation last year due to our policies of land reclamation and immigration attraction. Zanzibar is now fully integrated into Mogadishu, and we prepare for new campaigns.
    • Now that the Chinese have reached us, it is possible for us to go meet the Chinese? How about the Europeans?
  • Tondo: Continues to expand south, and sends 6000 settlers to Samar Island across the narrow strait to claim it in the name of Tondo. 12 blast furnaces around the capital are built to augment the increasing iron and metalurgy industries of Tondo, and paved roads to and from Maynila are built to connect the Kingdom together. Rajah Gamgang starts to consolidate his power in the capital and orders all political opponents to be a part of the settling process enacted upon Tondo in the nearby islands, primarily to keep them away from seizing or threatening his power. Massive naval expansion in the regard of trade ships and naval craft commence, as Rajah Gambang, fearful of the Japanese ships that escort the tributary vessels heading to Japan, orders the construction and study of these war junks, as the Chinese call them. The fishing fleet expands to 500 boats, while small warships capable of fighting in rivers are increased in number. Five war junks are to be constructed within the year. The first public aklatan (library) opens in Central Maynila to further spread the knowledge gained by the Kingdom. Smaller libraries are planned to be built in Maynila, Kawit and Tacloban Military personnel stands at 28,000 active troops across southern Luzon, and 52,000 additional men ready to be conscripted to defend the state. They are armed with swords, shields and armor made from the blast furnaces. Roads in and round Maynila are built, and a town in the south, Kawit, is experiencing rapid population growth as fertile farmlands attract settlers there, along with abundant deposits of minerals in the area. This prompts the Council of Kawit (Kataas-taasang Lupon ng Kawit) to petition Rajah Gambang for a read that connects Kawit to Maynila, thereby attracting more and more settlers. Diyang Kalangitan orders a group of 15 scouts, 50 soldiers and 75 civilians to establish a trading post in northeastern Palawan, and another party consisting of 50 soldiers and 50 civilians to settle in Busuanga island.
    • Ma-I: Under the regency council and Queen Kalangitan, a re-organization of Ma-I infrastructure and society commences. Ma-I will still pay its tribute to the Ming, but Tondo holds nominal control over foreign affairs and other things such as protection. The largest settlement in the area is named Li Han, after the first Huang of Ma-I. A port town in northern Ma-I, Beigang, is developed upon by expanding the port facilities, paving roads, and introducing two blast furnaces in the port.
    • Pangasinan: Following the Tondo model,Pangasinan is subdivided into multiple areas assigned into Councils of 50 members each. Rajah Gamabang is recognized as the Huang, although Liyu is still recognized as an the honorary Huang. Pangasinan thrives as the center of economic activity in the city as blast furnaces to supply metals of various types and uses to the people, with 15% of all output to be handed over to Tondo. A major road from Pangasinan to Maynila begins construction.
  • Duchy of Thuringen: The city guard continues to defend the capital city of Erfurt. Our military has about 5000 troops in it expanding little by little each year. A large scale wall with scouting towers is continuing to be built around the capital Erfurt. A national bank is continuing to be built within the capital. We continue to trade again with our neighboring states. Farming goes well in our nation this year. The healthy population continues to increase by 3% each year. Karsten's improvement in the training area is continuing to show off. Our army is still fighting in this crusade happening on Ottoman's land. 
  • Khmer Empire: Suryavarman III, the iing who greatly expanded the empire and successfully implemented many reformed, finally dies, leaving his son, Suryavarman IV to secede him. The new king becomes popular immediately, as he is widely judged as more likable and accepting than his father. With the populations of Ayutthaya and Malay now largly assimilated, Khmer boasts a population of between three and a half and four million, though accurate census data can not be found. In order to rectify this, Suryavarman IV decides to take a census, and repeat it every 15 years. This will allow the nation to more effectively tax its citizens and in turn, fund more projects. Suryavarman IV also continues to implement the reforms of his father, reforms designed to restore Khmer to its former glory (#MakeKhmerGreatAgain). The first major reform is centered around the military, which has been massively improved in recent years. Suryavarman IV decides to uphold the reform in its entity. Because of this, 1/20 people are prepared to serve is necessary. Additionally, 1/50 are given minimal training, so they can serve as a replacement if absolutely necessary. While this theoretically gives the empire 200,000 fighting men to use, most agree that deploying any more than 80,000 would put great strain on the empire. Additionally, the navy is improved with 200 ships either ready for combat or are being built or refurbished. The second, but if anything more important set of reforms is also upheld and expanded. In recent years, crop yields have improved dramatically, largely thanks to the bureaucracy Suryavarman III instituted. The bureaucracy continues to expand, and this alone has dramatically increased crop yields, and most areas manage three harvests a year despite the drought. In order to help this goal further, irrigation systems are dug in many of the dryer areas. Overland trading, especially with China continues. In addition to his father's reforms, Suryavarman IV begins improving Khmer himself. He mainly does this by beginning to subsidize artists, such as sculptors, painters and performers. This program is still in its limited in scope, but the place it has been implemented - a western city called U Thong - appears to have dramatically increased in cultural output. Additionally, he starts to expand several cities, in order to accommodate the expanding population of Khmer. After a year as king, Suryavarman IV decides to reclaim even more historical Khmer lands, and invades Champa. 40,000 soldiers attack along the coast, with the support of 60 ships.
  • Eternal Empire of the Ming: Yongle declares China in a state of emergency as the Koreans, who willingly offered themselves to the Ming are now trying to break away and threaten the Chinese ambitions. The troops in Seoul are on high alert, ready to break up any rallies for Korean independence. The Chinese Navy and Army are also readied in case of war that breaks out.
    • Empire of Japan Dip: The Shogun will full support of the Teikoku Gikai offers the Eternal Empire a deal in which a greater tribute will be extracted from Korea for a period of 30 years, followed by a lesser tribute following this period leaving Korea Paying Tribute to China but being a series of Japanese territories under the shoguns control, and in exchange the Chinese have a net gain as the money not being spent on troops in Korea and still retain tribute. The Shogun only asks that in case of a large scale revolt the Chinese aid Japan in retaining the territory.
    • The Yongle Emperor accepts the offer.
  • Empire of Japan: Shogun Yoshimochi seeing the situation developing in Korea hearing word of mouth from traders offers his wholehearted assistance to China hoping to garner favors and future relationships with their biggest trade partner This brings about the Gikai officially raising nearly 150,000 men to partake in the invasion of Korea marshalling the whole of the Samurai Lords fleets as well. The Promises of loot, new territory, and other things brings the voting to a stark 95% approval. This amassing of Japanese power is the notable first of the unified Imperial Assembly which has been known to have very notable debates since its inception. All the Daimyo agree to send forces for the 150,000-man task force. The banking system which has been developed continues to be implemented even as the war starts. The settlement of further territory is postponed as the Japanese lords begin to delve into the conflict for promises of gain and monetary compensation. The Japanese continue to expand into Hokkaido, however, as the Ainu peoples begin to be co-opted into the Japanese settlements. Using Shinotashima as well as Chinese naval supremacy the Japanese forces are able to land and operate with impunity as a landing near Seoul is expected to be the most major fight while southern areas are invaded as well. This invasion is recognized as a smashing success as the combined Sino-Japanese forces obliterates the Korean Attempt at freedom.
  • The Crown of Castile consolidates their hold over Morocco, and Henry IV orders the former territory of Morocco to be split into the Kingdom of Gibraltar and the Kingdom of Morocco (Map on Talk Page). In other news, naval expansion continues. The Christianization of Morocco continues, with 35% of the nation now being Christian. The Christianization of Morocco continues as well with the northern Kingdom of Gibraltar having 25% Christian minority. Aggressive deportation and forced conversion continues, especially in the newly conquered territories. More later, maybe.
  • Iroquois Confederacy: The oil discovered in OTL Pennsylvania is now used for lighting. Making small vessels of clay, dug from nearby riverbeds, people could fill with oil and a wick, one could work past sundown. This discovery allows torches to burn longer, quickly turning into lamps. Notaku sends a group of 20 braves with pack dogs led by Chogan, to explore west in the hopes of learning about their neighbors. Kayaks become popular on the Great Lakes. Outriggers are developed for them to carry goods across large lakes, bays, and along the coast. Trade continues to expand and with the prolonged peace, the Iroquois Nation sees a boom in population. Urban development grows and walls are rebuilt and reinforced with clay and stone.
  • Assam: Suphakphaa orders a new round of military improvements to the small, but well-trained Assamese army. He names the army the ḍāṅara sēnābāhini or Grand Army. (I am still waiting for a MOD RESPONSE posted last year regarding the number of elephants purchased from Bengal).
    • You already have elephants. You can train them yourself. -MP
    • Assam trains 15 war elephants.
  • Order of Knights Hospitaller: This crusade continues, and the Order's valiant knights continue fighting it in their ships. Back home, Grand Master Philibert dies of natural causes. The death of this Defender of the Faith hits the whole island hard and there is a whole week of official mourning. After an appropriate period, the Chapter-General meets in conclave and elects a new Grand Master and Prince: the Frenchman Jean de Lastic. The new Grand Master orders more ships to be built in Crete.
  • Papal States: The Papal States continues its respective affairs. Temporary administration continues over Constantinople, with much of the leadership being dedicated toward the defense of the city and the imposition of Catholic will upon the land. The pope also watches the Hussite affair, admittedly with less attention but has confidence in the papal agents that are overseeing peace efforts. He still would like a report of what the Hussites are demanding and whether they can be reconciled with current church doctrine. With regards to the potential unity of the two churches, the pope makes an offer to the Roman Emperor now hiding out in southern Greece. Noting the fact that Orthodox doctrine is not considered heretical by the West but only the position of the pope that is in dispute, the pope calls on the Roman Emperor and the Orthodox Patriarch to accept Catholic tradition as legitimate even as the Catholic Church already does the same for the Orthodox, and also recognize the pope as the First Amongst Equals. In return, the pope will back the return of both to Constantinople and appoint the Orthodox Patriarch as head of the College of Cardinals in its own position, as per the prior negotiations before Constantinople fell. MOD RESPONSE. 
  • Kuzir Empire: Growth of the empire into the Akan lands continues, with an astounding 10,000 square kilometers added to the empire. The warriors were instructed by the Oba to intervene in the matter directly, after resistance from the Akan resulted in many needless Kuzir settler deaths. State-mandated relocation and enslavement of the Akan natives has been condoned by the government, with all Akan men of fighting age being killed or enslaved, and sold to the Arabs, while the women and children are taken into captivity by the Kuzir and doled out as concubines and servants to the Kuzir subjects. Indeed, many Kuzir warriors boast harems of seven or eight women, most of whom were captured during conflict. Cutting down of forest lands continues, providing the empire with timber supplies as well as fertile farmlands to increase the food output in the empire. Roads and odi are constructed as well, helping the Kuzir to lock down the region as their own domain, and preventing raids by the Akan back into Kuzir territories. Expansion of the religion becomes more manageable with acceptance of the faith mandated by law and enforced by government institutions, such as the educational system, medicinal providers, and Kuzir merchants through whom the bulk goods are sold. The development of the hoisting gear by the dari Ndulu Bankole, help to revolutionize the speed in which buildings and thus cities are constructed. City growth continues with the population of many major centers of trade surpassing a population 100,000 for the first time in their histories. As rice harvests along the Niger grow in abundance, and the spread of crop rotation to prevent long-term soil erosion, the trend of growing cities appears to be the way of the future. Fatalities within cities also appear to decline in severity as sanitation and clear water supplied by the state pick up in most parts of the empire. In a lecture in the city of Eko, Dari Sakidi Abubakar attempts to present the reason for the empire's prosperity to his students. Abubakar speaks of what he has deemed the "peace dividend", the concept which is driving the growth of the state. He acknowledges that when the major enemies of the empire, Oyo, Songhai, Igala, and Nupe, along with others, were destroyed and absorbed into the empire, Benin finally rid itself of its centuries' old enemies, and could devote resources once needed by the military forces of Edo, to more peaceful pursuits such as farming, mining, buildings, and scientific exploration of nature. With these "dividends", the empire reaped the benefit of more bountiful harvests not damaged by war, a larger workforce that could be used on public projects rather than military campaigns, and wealth that could be invested in human potential for learning and building rather than warring and killing. Essentially speaking, peace was brought to the empire prosperity which allowed the people to invest their time into building infrastructure and developing new technologies and ideologies, rather than on the circular and destructive ways of war, effectively allowing the Kuzir Empire to prosper in the end. Following his lecture, Abubakar returns to his home city, where he continues to search for a way of increasing the potential the forges in the empire. Thus far, he has narrowed down potential minerals that could vastly improve the heating of cauldrons in the forges, one such mineral being potassium nitrate, a substance he has studied in manuscripts from Timbuktu and Gao, based on Arabic chemistry experiments. He seeks to see if this will increase the combustion potential of forges, comparing the substances to charcoal, sulfur, sodium nitrate, and iron oxide. Developments on the islands of Cape Verde continue, with the population growing steadily as its popularity as a trading center on the way to Europe and North Africa spreads throughout the Kuzir merchant caste.
  • Mayapan: Continues the integration of the southern city-states into the League. Each new state is expected to supply men to train and serve in the national army. Expansion continues northward along the coast of the Nuchol Sea (OTL Gulf of Mexico). The council seeks to improve commerce and communication between the many settlements of the Yucatan by constructing and maintaining roads between them. Due to Emperor-King Iktan's initiative, work continues to renovate and update existing buildings, roads, and to create plans for future upkeep and renovations.
  • Chimu Empire: The Empire continues expanding toward Quzco, with the military aiding in the acceleration of the expansion eastward. Roads are built as the armies advance and expand the nation, and settlers follow them.
    • Ica-Nazca: The Ica-Nazca expand northward toward the Chimu in order to extend the border with their protectors. Work continues on improving the army.
    • Chancay State: Work continues on the military.

1424

The crusade ends with both armies exhausted and no clear victory on either side. The crusaders manage to regain Constantinople but unable to penetrate any farthern in Ottoman territory. The city remains under Catholic occupation by legates of the Papacy

I am so confused. Is the crusade over or is it still going? Because the Ottomans have apparently sent in even more troops, which conflicts with the mod event here. We need to know because this will affect how the European nations will react. ~Tim

Mods, please check the algorithm of Feud and the current situation in East Asia (random Chinese–Japanese alliance to stamp out a "rebelling" Chinese vassal/protectorate who wishes to become a tributary and a rampantly expanding Japan who views itself as equal to China and is not paying tribute whilst expecting the Chinese to like them) since I think it is implausible and definitely needs to be revised within a few turns. –Candies

And it looks suspiciously like meatpuppeting and metagaming, AKA, the scenario has been planned between the two players meticulously and seized the chance quickly (hence how outrageous the Chinese reaction is and how there are a lot of "pre-war" agreements between the two players). –Candies
Considering it was told to Kaori by Nate that helping me in any way or letting me gain a "foothold" in China is equivalent to selling their soul. I want a Mod OTHER than Nate to be handling this. You seem to be holding an inherent bias toward letting me do anything because I have a lack of serious rivals in the area. It's also recognized by other mods that you're being extra-protective of Korea. I'm requesting another mod plain and simple since they are willing to work with me on this and not just shaft me and then leave when I try to get some sort of explanation. -Feud
Oh, yes, China giving its most loyal vassal to Japan – who refuses to acknowledge its inferiority to the Chinese and refuses to pay tribute. Yes, that is plausible? You seem to have some random accusation that I am being overprotective of Korea. I am fine with Japan annexing Korea, but then, it receiving Chinese support or China not responding? That's that bullshit. –Candies
And is it suspicious that after not posting for a couple of turns, the player for China comes back only to provide an overblown reaction to the Korean request of re-establishing independence and paying tribute (and that's all he wrote about)? Then you readily take benefit of the situation and go do some warshit in Korea? It sounds like you forced WILD to do a specific thing. –Candies
Please sign your rants. -Rex
Thanks for the reminder ... –Candies
  • The Gurkani Sultanate: Amir Shahrukh Mirza was proclaimed as the Sultan of the Sultanate, starting a new era under his rule. The Gurkani population rose to about 52 million with the people flocking to cities like Herat, Isfahan, Merv, Aktau, Samarkand and Iskenderun; primarily due to their strategic position in the spice trade. The military was primarily composed of medium-to-heavy cavalry, composite bow, lance, mace, and sword. Heavy cavalrymen wore plated chain mail or metal lamellar armor, with their horses also wearing leather or metal lamellar barding. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and elephants as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Cannons were constructed to serve as siege weaponry whilst experimental muskets were beginning to be developed. Naval bases were established at Iskenderun, Trabzon and Gamrun to establish the presence of the Gurkani fleet in the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and the Persian Gulf respectively, keen on controlling the sudden surge in piracy. The Gurkani Navy developed galleys and carracks to augment the smaller patrol fleets. Agriculture and commerce were at the Sultanates forepoint, with wheat, rice and barley being amongst the largest produced crops. Fishery was promoted as well as it helped in sustaining the fishery villages that were present along the coast, as well as the major port cities of Iskenderun, Basra, Gamrun, Aktau and Trabzon. The Sultanate mined large amounts of silver and gold, to serve as currency as well as ornaments and jewellery. Importance was also given on the development of proper roads for the merchants utilizing the trade routes through the Sultanate. Meanwhile, the Sultanate continued to expand its territories into the Crimean Peninsula, Caucasus and toward Siberia. The wife of Muhammad Mirza, the Amir of Khiva gives birth to Abu Sa'id Mirza. 
    • Jalayirid Sultanate: Sultana Rukhsana Daula continued her reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, she would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at Iskenderun where the Jalayirid fleet was also situated. Jalayirid authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at İskenderun, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Jalayirid Sultana, Rukhsana Daula would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Mediterranean port of İskenderun to his Persian Gulf port of Basra, hoping to make it much more advanced and efficient. Rukhsana Daula, Shahrukh's daughter continued her control over the Sultanate as the Queen Regent, strengthening ties with the Gurkani Sultanate. 
    • Khedivate of Trabzon: Amir Alexios IV Komnenos continued his reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, he would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at the city of Trabzon, where the Trabzon fleet was also situated. Trabzoni authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at Trabzon, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Trabzon Amir, Alexios IV Komnenos would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Black Sea port of Trabzon, connecting it to the city of Tabriz, hoping to make the spice trade routes much more advanced and efficient.
  • Aragon celebrates the victory achieved for Christendom in Constantinople. We strengthen our defences and send another 5 armed ships to Turkey with reinforcements of 500 soldiers to reinforce the Constantinopolitan guard. Our Royal Armada now stands at a total of 150 ships, and continues to expand. We funnel the revenues from the Common Base Tax to technological development. We continue to make improvements to our ship designs to extend their range, and to our cannons to do the same, and to increase firepower and damage capacity. Our population now stands at 1.7 million and counting, and it is hoped that we can reach two million by 1460. Meanwhile, development of Gran Oesta is going well, and the main settlements of Puerto Delgado and Nueva Valencia have become growing towns. Farms have been established all over the island to feed the settlers. King Alfonso V has regained his popularity thanks to his significantly improved strategies following the loss of Argelia, and has lost the satirical nickname of "The Hypocrite", and has instead become known as "Alfonso the Faithful" for his efforts to help liberate Constantinople.
  • The Haixi Jurchens continue to produce military in case of a Korean attack of any sort. We are pleased to hear the Jianzhou Jurchens esablishing better relations with us. We continue trading with other nations, and express our wishes to work, and NOT fight, with our neighbors.
  • Ottoman Empire: The Sultan works on building schools across the Ottoman Empire and works on hiring people across the state. More Muslims are sent to the South and some Turks are sent to mix with the other Muslims in the areas. Seeing this is weird and Josh said I lost Istanbul, the army of 60,000 return to Istanbul and begin to attack the city and to lay sigh the city with the help of the Caliphate. The army then is brought back to surround the city while the army tries to gain more troops to replace.
    • Serbia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 1000 more mosques - mostly in the South. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Serbian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas and to populate the area. The area is set up with defenses to stop the crusader army.
    • Wallachia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 800 more mosques - mostly in the South, and recruiting peasants for the army. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. The troops are ordered not to fire unless fired upon, the troops begin to work on defenses. The castle is now worked on by peasants. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Wallachian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas while they are recommended to then populate the area. The area is set up with defenses to stop the crusader army.
    • Epirus (Ottoman vassal): While the state begins to send aid to civilians after Sultan Mehmed is heard saying "Let the Christians, Jews and anyone get food ... so long as they stay with the state.
  • Genoa: Bank of St. George continues to expand. Marco Visconti dies and is suceeded by his son Marco II Visconti is elected Doge. Asslimation of Corsica continues. Marco II Visconti offers to buy the titular Emperor of Rome title for a LARGE ammount of money. (Mod Response)
  • Mogadishu: The nation's income continues to grow, both from increased tariffs and from the Royal Trade Fleet. Our manufacturers expand and make more money. We further expand toward the Jubba River, as canals, dikes and ditches are being built. The land surrounding the Jubba-Shebelle Rivers become more fertile. 10,000 local tribesman and foreign settlers became citizens of our nation last year due to our policies of land reclamation and immigration attraction. We begin to build guns and cannons using the blast furnaces China had given us. Sultan Umar dies, and is succeeded by Sultan Ali. Ahmed is tasked to go on a voyage to China, with nautical maps from Zheng He's Fleet.
  • When can I cross the Cape of Good Hope? I have very good ships from Arabic and Chinese naval technology,
  • Tondo: Continues to expand south, and sends 6000 settlers to Samar Island across the narrow strait to claim it in the name of Tondo. 12 blast furnaces around the capital are built to augment the increasing iron and metalurgy industries of Tondo, and paved roads to and from Maynila are built to connect the Kingdom together. Rajah Gamgang starts to consolidate his power in the capital and orders all political opponents to be a part of the settling process enacted upon Tondo in the nearby islands, primarily to keep them away from seizing or threatening his power. Massive naval expansion in the regard of trade ships and naval craft commence, as Rajah Gambang, fearful of the Japanese ships that escort the tributary vessels heading to Japan, orders the construction and study of these war junks, as the Chinese call them. The fishing fleet expands to 500 boats, while small warships capable of fighting in rivers are increased in number. Five war junks are to be constructed within the year. The first public aklatan (library) opens in Central Maynila to further spread the knowledge gained by the Kingdom. Smaller libraries are planned to be built in Maynila, Kawit and Tacloban Military personnel stands at 28,000 active troops across southern Luzon, and 52,000 additional men ready to be conscripted to defend the state. They are armed with swords, shields and armor made from the blast furnaces. Roads in and round Maynila are built, and a town in the south, Kawit, is experiencing rapid population growth as fertile farmlands attract settlers there, along with abundant deposits of minerals in the area. This prompts the Council of Kawit (Kataas-taasang Lupon ng Kawit) to petition Rajah Gambang for a read that connects Kawit to Maynila, thereby attracting more and more settlers. Diyang Kalangitan orders a group of 15 scouts, 50 soldiers and 75 civilians to establish a trading post in northeastern Palawan, and another party consisting of 50 soldiers and 50 civilians to settle in Busuanga island.
    • Ma-I: Under the regency council and Queen Kalangitan, a re-organization of Ma-I infrastructure and society commences. Ma-I will still pay its tribute to the Ming, but Tondo holds nominal control over foreign affairs and other things such as protection. The largest settlement in the area is named Li Han, after the first Huang of Ma-I. A port town in northern Ma-I, Beigang, is developed upon by expanding the port facilities, paving roads, and introducing two blast furnaces in the port.
    • Pangasinan: Following the Tondo model,Pangasinan is subdivided into multiple areas assigned into Councils of 50 members each. Rajah Gamabang is recognized as the Huang, although Liyu is still recognized as an the honorary Huang. Pangasinan thrives as the center of economic activity in the city as blast furnaces to supply metals of various types and uses to the people, with 15% of all output to be handed over to Tondo. A major road from Pangasinan to Maynila begins construction.
  • Assam: Suphakphaa orders a round of internal improvements built. Existing roads are improved, while new ones are built. Schools are built and the first library is built in Jorhat. The 15 traned war elephants are put into the Ganesha Division, and the Ganesha Divison makes a parade through the streets of Jorhat.
  • Order of Knights Hospitaller: Rhodes and Crete rejoice at what the Grand Master is calling a victory for Christendom. A squadron of Hospitaller ships stay in Constantinople to take part in the occupation, whilst the rest of the navy sails home and the vast process of repairs begins. That is where most of the Order's efforts go this year.
  • Duchy of Thuringen: The city guard continues to defend the capital city of Erfurt. Our military has about 5000 troops in it expanding little by little each year. A large scale wall with scouting towers is continuing to be built around the capital Erfurt. A national bank is continuing to be built within the capital. We continue to trade again with our neighboring states. Farming goes well in our nation this year. The healthy population continues to increase by 3% each year. Karsten's improvement in the training area is continuing to show off. With the crusades ending with us taking over Constantinople, our army now starts to head fome for some rest and relaxation.
  • Ethiopia: Adulis is set as the main trading port as it is now ready. Gabra Church in Adulis is also opened. More trade ships are built seeing as we can use the larger port of the ancient city. The next city to be worked on is Shewa which will be the capital of the southern province. The town guard of Adulis is expanded to 800.
  • Duchy of Athens: Duke Antonio send his praises to the cursaders for retaking Constantinople. The conquest of Constantinople is seen as a good sign for the futur of Athens. Orders are given to expand the port of Athens, Antonio believing that the futur of his duchy is in the navy. The Duke offer to all monarch who which to protect Constantinople to free access to his port, as well as a trade aggreement.
    • Please refrain from posting as other people's vassals without their permission. -MP
  • Iroquois Confederacy: After spending time in a town at the western edge of Lake Erie, Chogan and his party set off down the Maunee River and then south west across Illinois lands. Their objective is to study every tribe and try to make peace. Urban development booms due to an increasing population and influx of non-Iroquois natives wishing to join the Confederacy.
  • Kuzir Empire: The empire continues to expand by another 10,000 square kilometers into the lands of the Akan, seizing any men, women, and children trapped by the settlers expand into their lands. As is the standard method of operation, all the men are rounded up and sold into slavery to the Arabs, while the women and children are handed out to the warriors and settlers. Any elders who remained in the land are executed as a threat to the state given their potential to incite tribal uprisings from the few communities not drained of their manpower, and the youth sent off the esuku being built by the settlers to be indoctrinated into the Kuzir religion. Dari Sakidi Abubakar continues to search for a superior combustion and heating agent, which leads to him making a breakthrough in his research. After testing various compounds individually, Abubakar beings to combine them to test their effectiveness. He ultimately discovers the explosive potential provided by the combination of charcoal, sulfur, and potassium nitrate, which nearly kills him when he mixes a large portion of the substances and ignites them. Dusting himself off, Abubakar beings to test different portions to refine the recipe for the explosive mixture. While he may not have discovered a superior heating method for the forges, Abubakar has discovered an explosive that can be used in a number of military and industrial applications. After coming up with what he deems to be the most refined version of the explosive substance, Abubakar presents his findings to the Oluko, the Kuzir clergy and imperial leadership. Fascinated by the properties of the creation, the clergy inquires of potential uses for it. Abubakar requests time to find such uses, afterwhich he shall return with the developments. Elsewhere, the implementation of the common religious law of Kuzirism in new lands controlled by the empire come into effect, with most parts of the population accepting the new laws and the assimilation into the empire, though some still adhere to their local traditions, which the empire is quick to stamp out where possible. Many of the youth sent to the Kuzir monasteries have begun to show a return for the state's investment into their indoctrination. Many identify as Kuzir rather than the ethnic or religious group they once belonged too. The navigation school in Eko is expanded by Prince Uwaifiokun, after an increase in merchants and laborers seeking to take part in the shipping industry grew exponentially. With more than 350 ships at sea, the Kuzir Empire's trade with the nations of Iberia and North Africa continue to grow, as well as trade with Kongo in the south. With the establishment of the trading outpost on the Cape Verde Islands several years ago, the government of the empire seeks to do so in the south, with plans for exploration beyond the Cape of Good Hope. Seeking to further expand the nation's trading potential, Prince Uwaifiokun leverages the empire's basing rights with the Kingdom of Kongo, to begin sailing south to the Cape where the Kuzir halted their explorations more than a decade ago before returning home. Uwaifiokun has three oke built for the purpose of heading south and rounding the Cape and searching for any states to trade with on the other side. Because of the importance of this mission, all vessels are stocked with the goods they need for a long-term mission, as well as full complement of warriors and sailors. Ten epeepe are constructed with the aim of carrying extra goods and materials for the crew on the other vessels, and potentially establish trade outposts in the new lands they come in contact with should it be possible.
  • Teutonic Order: The financial gains from the War of Lions is dispersed between most land-owning knight-brothers so that they can improve and expand upon their lands. The Hussite rebellion has caused a noticable change in church sermons, most of them advocating for a near-blind adherence to faith as opposed to following the imperfect rule of man. This is an attempt to prevent any number of knights from defecting to the heretical practices. Grand Master Ulrich concerns himself not with these problems as he is less 'learnt' than his brother in theological teachings. This does not deter several higher-ranked Order-Brothers from declaring that they condemn this act of heresy and await to act on the pope's decision on the matter, heavily implying they will fight the heresy with sword and spear. 
  • Majapahit Empire: Solidification of Java has been successfully completed and at this point, Sumatra is annexed into the Empire, as citizens of the Empire. Meanwhile, Kuwat Wira begins to plan out possible locations for trade cities along the Bay of Bengal and orders the cultural integration of Borneo, the sections of Papua under Majapahit control and the Celebes Islands. While that occurs, Japan is asked to provide authorisation to the Order to create/purchase a trade port in Mindanao. At the same time, infrastructure continues to be build, and is extended to the newly annexed territories in Sumatra (with their respective Rajya). 12 ships are constructed to replace those sent to the Order.
    • Order of the Enlightened: For two years, our ranks have filled up at least 1900 in our military branch, while the remainder have been assigned to other roles. The monastery is finally complete, with authorisation still pending for the Mindanao port. Around this time, 12 ships are transferred to the Order, and these are all manned with faithful, but battered hardened veterans of the Bruneian War, and the Grand Master begins construction of a series of outposts in Borneo and Northern Sumatra, all to guard key locations and assist in the conversion of citizens to Gunturism. Conversion continues in Java as well, with additional extensions being done in the newly annexed Sumatra.
  • Norway: Economic Development in Norway continues with mining continuing as well. Oslo and Bergen continue to flourish as centers of the Arts and Literature. Agriculture in the Faroes Shetland and Orkney continue as well. Iceland continue to develop fisheries. Scientae Dei continues to develop. Influence in Kola is expanded as well. Our navy is expanded and ugraded.
  • Cologne: Archbishop Dietrich II waits patiently in Luxembourg for Karl von Havel to respond by specifying exactly what grievance he has with the Church [MOD RESPONSE]. Meanwhile, Vicar General Wikbold in Cologne sends a personal letter to all Catholic states involved with the Ottoman war and congratulates them on defending Europe. The weapons industry continues to expand in Westphalen.
    • Essen: Meanwhile, the school nears completion and is staffed by canonesses regular who have shown some interest in teaching children. A German bible and book of Adelphinian Reforms is added to its small library. Canonesses continue to teach in Berg, Mark, Bohemia and Julich.
    • The Four Articles of Berlin are:
      • ​Freedom to Preach the Word of God
      • Celebration of Communion of Both Kinds
      • Universal poverty of Clergy
      • Punishment of sinners, particularly prostitution
  • Kingdom of France: The ambitious King Louis XI continues to rule with the desire to further centralize the lands of France. With funds from the Taille, Louis XI continues to create a small French navy. He starts building a Mediterranean fleet consisting of cogs and galleys, by no means a fighting force, but one that would be able to transport the French army throughout the Mediterranean. Hearing about the discovery of more islands to the west, Louis funds research to find alternatives to Barques and Balingers to be able to more effectively explore and trade to Asia. The French military continues to improve as the crown also uses the Taille to buy early cannons from Italy and other places in Europe. France continues to improve its army with newer and up-to-date tactics and weapons. France continues to improve relations with his brother-in-law in Castile.
  • Khmer Empire: Suryavarman III, the iing who greatly expanded the empire and successfully implemented many reformed, finally dies, leaving his son, Suryavarman IV to secede him. The new king becomes popular immediately, as he is widely judged as more likable and accepting than his father. With the populations of Ayutthaya, Champa and Malay now largely assimilated, and an accurate census done, Khmer boasts a population of 4.7 million people. The census will be repeated every 15 years, allowing the nation to more effectively tax its citizens and in turn, fund more projects. Suryavarman IV also continues to implement the reforms of his father, reforms designed to restore Khmer to its former glory (#MakeKhmerGreatAgain). The first major reform is centered around the military, which has been massively improved in recent years. Suryavarman IV decides to uphold the reform in its entity. Because of this, 1/20 people are prepared to serve is necessary. Additionally, 1/50 are given minimal training, so they can serve as a replacement if absolutely necessary. While this theoretically gives the empire 200,000 fighting men to use, most agree that deploying any more than 80,000 would put great strain on the empire. Additionally, the navy is improved with 200 ships either ready for combat or are being built or refurbished. The second, but if anything more important set of reforms is also upheld and expanded. In recent years, crop yields have improved dramatically, largely thanks to the bureaucracy Suryavarman III instituted. The bureaucracy continues to expand, and this alone has dramatically increased crop yields, and most areas manage three harvests a year despite the drought. In order to help this goal further, irrigation systems are dug in many of the dryer areas. Overland trading, especially with China continues. In addition to his father's reforms, Suryavarman IV begins improving Khmer himself. He mainly does this by beginning to subsidize artists, such as sculptors, painters and performers. This program is still in its limited in scope, but the place it has been implemented - a western city called U Thong - appears to have dramatically increased in cultural output. Additionally, he starts to expand several cities, in order to accommodate the expanding population of Khmer.
  • Bahmanids: During his childhood, Ali Nadeem Shah became very close with his childhood tutor, and became a quite mathematical person. He orders the tax system to become more efficient and mathematical. He also offers a mutual defense pact with Multan. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Chimu Empire: The Empire continues expanding toward Quzco, with the military aiding in the acceleration of the expansion eastward. Roads are built as the armies advance and expand the nation, and settlers follow them.
    • Ica-Nazca: The Ica-Nazca expand northward toward the Chimu in order to extend the border with their protectors. Work continues on improving the army.
    • Chancay State: Work continues on the military.

1425

Beijing overtakes Nanjing as the most populous city in the world.

In Aragonese Malta, a charismatic young noble by the name of Valent ta' Grixti, leads a rebellion against the Aragonese crown, seizing the city of Nueva Barcelona. Large parts of the Aragonese navy is seized by the rebel forces, and even more is destroyed in the Battle of Nueva Barcelona Harbor.

  • Okay, I can't stress enough how much bullshit is in this mod event. It is appalling how poorly this was written. Before you shut me down - AGAIN - allow me to elaborate:
  1. How does this guy even manage to seize "large parts of the navy?" Nueva Barcelona Harbour isn't even big enough to support much of a fleet, let alone large portions of the Armada. Most of the Navy would be dispersed across the Spanish East Coast and around the other territories of the Union, as well as in Constantinople. The largest number of ships that could be stationed in Malta I estimate would be around 20. 20 out of 170 isn't even close to "large parts of the Navy."
  2. I get that this rebel is a charismatic guy, but charisma alone doesn't get you a huge rebel army large enough to seize a navy (which is cattle faeces in itself as stated above) or to wipe out the harbour along with it. So far as I know, this guy has absolutely no military experience, and thus can not lead an army, anyway.
  3. Even if he could lead one, how does he randomly and suddenly procure a huge rebel army, anyway? First of all, Malta is a tiny island, and doesn't have a big enough population. Secondly, this rebellion has absolutely no context or basis whatsoever as the King's popularity is at a high after the Crusade and therefore there is no reason to even have a rebellion to begin with. And even if there was cause for revolution, which there isn't, how does a whole army appear out of thin air? You need time to convince people to join the rebel cause and build such a force, and doing it all within a year is just total crap.
It is honestly shocking and outrageous how many inconsistencies and problems this has, and I expect this hastily and appallingly done excuse for a mod event to be removed immediately. Next time you want to overthrow me, at least do it fucking right. Thank you. ~Tim

Emperor Manuel II Palaiologos dies this year in exile. His son, now known as Emperor John VIII, travels to Rome to seek an audience with the pope, seeking to regain control over the city of Constantinople.

Dangit! I already did this. We really need to work on our communication - LOL. -MP

America's mod event to go here.

Has the crusade ended or not? I'm very confused as to whether this has happened. Mod events say it has, but the Ottomans still seem to be sending more troops to attack Constantinople. Can I please have confirmation one way or another as soon as possible? Thanks. ~Tim

The mods are saying the crusade is over as an armistice but the Ottomans will naturally be setting up a seige around it. No actual fighting is going on now. ~Nate

  • Duchy of Burgundy: News comes out of Burgundy that Duke John has died. His cause of death is natural, not directly related to his wound suffered in 1419. With Johns death, Prince Philip becomes the new Duke of Burgundy. As Philip is still in Brandenburg operating against radical Hussites, he goes uncoronated this year. With Pomerania incorporated into Brandenburg, John de Luxembourg returns to the Netherlands territories, and the new home port for the Burgundian navy, Amsterdam. In reward for his service, Philip offers him the chance to become Lord of Haubourdin, to which de Luxembourg politely refutes, "I desire nor accept no landly titles, for The Sea is my Demense".
  • The Gurkani Sultanate: Amir Shahrukh Mirza was proclaimed as the Sultan of the Sultanate, starting a new era under his rule. The Gurkani population rose to about 52 million with the people flocking to cities like Herat, Isfahan, Merv, Aktau, Samarkand and Iskenderun; primarily due to their strategic position in the spice trade. The military was primarily composed of medium-to-heavy cavalry, composite bow, lance, mace, and sword. Heavy cavalrymen wore plated chain mail or metal lamellar armor, with their horses also wearing leather or metal lamellar barding. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and elephants as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Cannons were constructed to serve as siege weaponry whilst experimental muskets were beginning to be developed. Naval bases were established at Iskenderun, Trabzon and Gamrun to establish the presence of the Gurkani fleet in the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and the Persian Gulf respectively, keen on controlling the sudden surge in piracy. The Gurkani Navy developed galleys and carracks to augment the smaller patrol fleets. Agriculture and commerce were at the Sultanates forepoint, with wheat, rice and barley being amongst the largest produced crops. Fishery was promoted as well as it helped in sustaining the fishery villages that were present along the coast, as well as the major port cities of Iskenderun, Basra, Gamrun, Aktau and Trabzon. The Sultanate mined large amounts of silver and gold, to serve as currency as well as ornaments and jewellery. Importance was also given on the development of proper roads for the merchants utilizing the trade routes through the Sultanate. Meanwhile, the Sultanate continued to expand its territories into the Crimean Peninsula, Caucasus and toward Siberia. The Sultan issues a royal decree declaring Basra, Gamrun, Aktau, Kerch, Iskenderun and Trabzon as the only viable ports in the Empire, and announces that punishments will be issued upon merchants utilizing any other coastal city for the purpose of transporting goods as it would fall under smuggling. 
    • Jalayirid Sultanate: Sultana Rukhsana Daula continued her reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, she would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at Iskenderun where the Jalayirid fleet was also situated. Jalayirid authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at İskenderun, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Jalayirid Sultana, Rukhsana Daula would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Mediterranean port of İskenderun to his Persian Gulf port of Basra, hoping to make it much more advanced and efficient. Rukhsana Daula, Shahrukh's daughter continued her control over the Sultanate as the Queen Regent, strengthening ties with the Gurkani Sultanate. 
    • Khedivate of Trabzon: Amir Alexios IV Komnenos continued his reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, he would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at the city of Trabzon, where the Trabzon fleet was also situated. Trabzoni authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at Trabzon, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Trabzon Amir, Alexios IV Komnenos would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Black Sea port of Trabzon, connecting it to the city of Tabriz, hoping to make the spice trade routes much more advanced and efficient.
  • Aragon is more than happy to engage in trade with Athens. Our Royal Armada continues to grow, and has exceeded its projected size of 150; the Navy is now 170-strong, including 100 caravels and 70 other vessels. The Colony of Gran Oesta continues to grow, and has become self-sufficient. The King announces that he now has a daughter, whom he has named Princess Arianne. Our troops in Constantinople continue to watch vigilantly for any sign of Ottoman aggression, and we also continue to strengthen our defences at home. Another fleet of 20 ships is deployed to Constantinople, and our guns are trained on the Ottomans preparing to besiege the city, ready to blast the demons right out of the ground if necessary.
    • No, the Azores aren't self-sufficient yet. -Rexmod
  • The Haixi Jurchens continue to produce military in case of a Korean attack of any sort. We continue our ties with the Jianzhou Jurchens. We continue trading with other nations, and express our wishes to work, and NOT fight, with our neighbors.
  • Two years after the Wichita Confederation sent out scouts to learn about our neighbors, the have almost all returned, more or less intact. Our southern scouts had some trouble before they came upon brightly feathered savages who ripped out the heart of a young brave. North we simply find out more about the terrain surrounding our friends. We ask our friends and allies of Pawnee and Crow to join the Wichita Confederation (Mod Response). Western scouts found tribes centered on hunting and fishing from a bitter lake that goes forever, while more southwestern scouts found tribe that were remarkably efficient at irrigating in such a harsh climate. To the Northeast we found a large intriguing group of tribes centered around immense fresh lakes that call themselves the Iroquois. We also found a tribe that lives in a great village with large mounds and walls. They call the village Cahokia and refer to themselves as the tribe of Cahokia. Southeastern scouts found small agricultural tribes that seem to also have a fondness for large mounds. We attempt to establish relations with the Iroquois. We offer a trade agreement to the Iroquois and the Cahokians. We adapt the irrigation systems of the south and with inspiration from Cahokia and the southron savages, we begin construction of a great village called Wichita on the Tancoa (OTL Arkansas) River where OTL Wichita is, while using all the things we've learned from the surrounding cultures. A form of feudalism begins to form with shamans, chiefs, and elders taking top spot. Our religion begins to be more centralized and an official "priesthood" is formed.
  • Chimu Empire: The Empire makes contact with Quzco, with a very small finger of the eastern border now touching that of Quzco. The inventions are kept away from them in the event they copy the Chimu technology, and diplomats offer Quzco status as a Chimu vassal, showing them the happiness and standard of living of the Chimus current vassals, as well as the stronger front they create against raiding tribes and nations. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED). Talk begins within the Empire about a greater unity between the Chancay and Chimu, with the Chancay having been effectively integrated into the Chimu infrastrucure and society, though nothing is proposed, the idea lingers in the air as the response from Quzco is awaited.
    • Ica-Nazca: The Ica-Nazca begin expand eastward in order to aid their Chimu protectors in the upcoming conflict.
    • Chancay State: Work continues on the military, though with Chimu and Ica-Nazca help, designing ships that may be capable of faster coastal travel begins with the first testing of kites (sails) on small canoes, which seems to greatly increase their speed, sweeping one man far out off the coast, where he has to row back taking several hours. This spurs a great interest in the taming of the kites into viable transportation uses.
    • Mod Response, Quzco rejects the offer of vassalage. -MP
  • Cologne: Assuming that Karl von Havel demands the substance of all four articles of Berlin, Archbishop Dietrich II starts by making it clear that he expects the Hussites to be reasonable and come to a considered solution, rather than causing unnecessary bloodshed. In substance, all four articles can be considered. The following concessions are offered, though they remain conditional on ratification by His Holiness, Pope John XIII:
  1. All Catholic priests will be permitted to preach the Word of God.
  2. The Catholic Church will allow celebration of communion for both the chalice and the bread to all regions which request it; any people who choose to remain deviant will not be permitted to have communion in this way, given how reasonable the Church has been.
  3. The Church will work toward universal poverty of individual clergy members – Dietrich II notes that, currently, clergy members primarily have to support themselves and are not supported through the institution like monks and nuns. However, the Adelphinian Reforms will be implemented more widely, including introducing a court of discipline for deviant priests disregarding their vows or otherwise selling indulgences for monetary benefit. Individual clergy members, when following the Adelphinian Reforms, will begin to lead a more meagre life devoted to the people. Dietrich II gives a copy of the Essen German Bible and the Book of Adelphinian Reforms to von Havel in a gesture of sincerity. This has been developed over 25 years in Essen, Cologne and Westphalen, and is expanding to Berg, Mark, Bohemia and Julich: Dietrich II has absolute confidence that it is an excellent solution that will continue to spread throughout Christendom.
  4. The Church assures Karl von Havel that harsher punishment for prostitutes and other similar sinners will be dealt with under secular/civil laws.
In return, Dietrich II has three requirements: that Karl von Havel instruct all Hussites to return to this reformed Catholic Church, that all fighting cease immediately and that Hussites agree to cooperate on the eventual return of the ideal meagre life for all devout Catholics. For this purpose, Dietrich II proposes that three Hussite leaders meet with him and the Abbess of Essen every ten years to address any further concerns that arise and ensure that these changes are made. [MOD RESPONSE: Karl von Havel] (OOC: Also please note the clarification by the pope below.)
  • Essen: Canonesses continue to speak in Berg, Mark, Bohemia and Julich. Slowly, thanks to the Adelphinian School, more of the children in Essen are being educated. There is another surge of canonesses regular, this time from neighbouring countries. Meanwhile, the young Hedwig of Mark joins the abbey.
  • Mogadishu: The nation's income continues to grow, both from increased tariffs and from the Royal Trade Fleet. Our manufacturers expand and make more money. We further expand toward the Jubba River, as canals, dikes and ditches are being built. The land surrounding the Jubba-Shebelle Rivers become more fertile. 10,000 local tribesman and foreign settlers became citizens of our nation last year due to our policies of land reclamation and immigration attraction. We begin to build guns and cannons using the blast furnaces China had given us. Sultan Umar dies, and is succeeded by Sultan Ali. Ahmed reaches The Eternal Empire of Ming China and asks to see the emperor as an envoy, bringing ivory and exotic animals.
  • Tondo: Continues to expand south, and sends 6000 settlers to Samar Island across the narrow strait to claim it in the name of Tondo. 12 blast furnaces around the capital are built to augment the increasing iron and metalurgy industries of Tondo and paved roads to and from Maynila are built to connect the Kingdom together. Rajah Gamgang starts to consolidate his power in the capital and orders all political opponents to be a part of the settling process enacted upon Tondo in the nearby islands, primarily to keep them away from seizing or threatening his power. Massive naval expansion in the regard of trade ships and naval craft commence, as Rajah Gambang, fearful of the Japanese ships that escort the tributary vessels heading to Japan, orders the construction and study of these war junks, as the Chinese call them. The fishing fleet expands to 500 boats, while small warships capable of fighting in rivers are increased in number. Five war junks are to be constructed within the year. The first public aklatan (library) opens in Central Maynila to further spread the knowledge gained by the Kingdom. Smaller libraries are planned to be built in Maynila, Kawit and Tacloban Military personnel stands at 28,000 active troops across southern Luzon and 52,000 additional men ready to be conscripted to defend the state. They are armed with swords, shields and armor made from the blast furnaces. Roads in and round Maynila are built, and a town in the south, Kawit, is experiencing rapid population growth as fertile farmlands attract settlers there, along with abundant deposits of minerals in the area. This prompts the Council of Kawit (Kataas-taasang Lupon ng Kawit) to petition Rajah Gambang for a road that connects Kawit to Maynila, thereby attracting more and more settlers. Diyang Kalangitan orders a group of 15 scouts, 50 soldiers and 75 civilians to establish a trading post in northeastern Palawan and another party consisting of 50 soldiers and 50 civilians to settle in Busuanga island.
    • Ma-I: Under the regency council and Queen Kalangitan, a re-organization of Ma-I infrastructure and society commences. Ma-I will still pay its tribute to the Ming, but Tondo holds nominal control over foreign affairs and other things such as protection. The largest settlement in the area is named Li Han, after the first Huang of Ma-I. A port town in northern Ma-I, Beigang, is developed upon by expanding the port facilities, paving roads, and introducing two blast furnaces in the port.
    • Pangasinan: Following the Tondo model, Pangasinan is subdivided into multiple areas assigned into Councils of 50 members each. Rajah Gamabang is recognized as the Huang, although Liyu is still recognized as the honorary Huang. Pangasinan thrives as the center of economic activity in the city as blast furnaces supply metals of various types and uses to the people, with 15% of all output to be handed over to Tondo. A major road from Pangasinan to Maynila begins construction.
  • Duchy of Thuringen: The city guard continues to defend the capital city of Erfurt. Our military has about 5000 troops in it expanding little by little each year. A large scale wall with scouting towers is continuing to be built around the capital Erfurt. A national bank is continuing to be built within the capital. We continue to trade again with our neighboring states. Farming goes well in our nation this year. The healthy population continues to increase by 3% each year. Karsten's improvement in the training area is continuing to show off.
  • Papal States: The Papal States and their forces continue to occupy the city of Constantinople, and various papal agents go across Europe to try to collect funds for its continued defense and reconstruction. The number of troops occupying the city is increased somewhat, but most military activity this year is dedicated to reforming a papal military force back in Italy, as most of the papal military was deployed for the war. Pope John XXIII visits Constantinople and holds mass there with the restored Roman Emperor, hoping for the Great Schism to end and for Christian rule over Constantinople and the lands of Greece to be again and eternally forever after. He puts pressure upon the Roman Emperor to in turn lean on the Patriarch of Constantinople, who still resides in Morea, to help unify the churches as laid out by previous agreement. While in Constantinople, his Holiness begins to consider and dish out rewards for the service of God in this crusade. As with his previous predecessor, he awards those who sent men to the defense of the city the title of "Defender of the Faith" until their death in this world. Additionally, he grants the city of Aquilea to the Milanese king for temporal protection, but notes that the spiritual authority and the enforcement thereof can not be interfered with.
    • In Constantinople, the Roman Emperor returns to his beloved city. John VIII takes up his residence back at the Imperial palaces and begins what he can to oversee the development of the city once again. Under prodding by the pope, John VIII divides the city into various sectors for the occupying Catholics to help manage and defend. A native Roman guard is levied to help with the defense, although at present it numbers hardly more than five hundred men and much of the funding comes from churches and a donation from the pope. Free movement across the city is established for the occupying powers. 
      Occupation of Constantinople 1424 (PM4)

      Current Occupation Scheme.

    • In Germany, His Holiness notes the proposals stated thus far. He does not have much of a stated objection to what is proposed, but wants to highlight several key demands of his for future religious law. One, that while preaching takes place in other languages, if any, Latin is held as the ultimate standard for Church documents and doctrine and that it maintains its place in sermons. Two, Clergy members will be allowed to fully handle financial affairs of their respective religious establishment and may obtain those funds through legitimate means. However, those funds must be used to further spread or uphold the word of God and not used for personal use except for the most basic of services. And Finally, the pope insists that while deviants may be tried by temporal authorities, the temporal authorities should refrain from utilizing law codes that are not in agreement with Church law. (I think that should be reasonable, but do let me know what you think. -MP)
      • Cologne Dip: Archbishop Dietrich II thanks His Holiness for the clarification and conveys these points, in turn, to Karl von Havel.
  • Duchy of Athens: Duke Antonio continues his plan to increase the size of his port, hoping to turn Athens into a trade center for the region. He also begins to invest massively in developing the region, hoping to restore the Duchy to its glory days when it was ruled by the Catalans. Even with the successful crusade, the Duke still fears the Ottomans, and so asks Cyprius for an alliance, as both states were born from crusades.
    • You do not have permission to play as this vassal and Cyprus is no longer independent. Please consider these things before posting again. -MP
  • Kingdom of Assam: Suphakphaa orders more roads, schools and libraries built. Existing facilities are improved.
  • Genoa: Genovese arsenal and the Bank of St. Greorge continues to expand. Corsica continues to go through the liguraifaction process. We offer Morea to be put under Genovese protection in order to protect itself from the Ottoman threat. We also propose an anti-Ottoman defense league for Greek nations. (Rhodes, Crete and any non-Muslim nation is invited).
  • Majapahit Empire: Infrastructure continues to be constructed in both Java and Sumatra, and cultural integration of Borneo, the Celebes and Papua continues. The Majapahit Empire still desires to acquire permission from Japan to provide permissioj to construct the trade port in Mindanao (MODERATOR RESPONSE). With the extension of the Core Empire's borders, we begin to look toward the Bay of Bengal to establish economic dominance, secure the interests of both the Majapahit and Khmer and expand the true faith throughout Southeast Asia, and defend against potential threats to the two empires. With this in mind, the Pegu are asked if their former capital of Martabar can be purchased and transformed into a trade port (MODERATOR RESPONSE).
  • Japan accepts I guess (where is Mindanao?)
  • Pegu disagrees.
    • Order of the Enlightened: Conversion in Java and Sumatra continues, with the outposts in Borneo and North Sumatra also continuing construction. Over 700 men are recruited into the armed branch of the Order, while the trade port in Mindanao awaits for pending construction.
  • Grand Republic of Ragusa: Trade expands as the occupied zone of Constantinople is used by Ragusan merchants. New goods overflow Ragusan and associated markets. The oligarchy grows stronger.
  • Kingdom of France: The ambitious King Louis XI continues to rule with the desire to further centralize the lands of France. Another step is made toward centralization with the death of King Charles III of Navarre. With Charles having no male heirs and his daughters being married off in other nations, Louis XI legitimizes this claim by citing the law which allowed the Valois to rise to the throne of France and his claim from past Kings of France that also had the Navarran throne. Louis XI (and II) forms a personal union with the nation as his distant predecessors did. Louis changes his title to By the Grace of God, Most Christian King of France and Navarre. Louis is crowned in Pamplona, and states to the local government that he will let them retain most of their autonomy. With funds from the Taille, Louis XI continues to create a small French navy. He starts building a Mediterranean fleet consisting of cogs and galleys, by no means a fighting force, but one that would be able to transport the French army throughout the Mediterranean. Hearing about the discovery of more islands to the west, Louis continues to fund research to find alternatives to Barques and Balingers to be able to more effectively explore and trade to Asia. The French military continues to improve as the crown also uses the Taille to buy early cannons from Italy and other places in Europe. France continues to improve its army with newer and up-to-date tactics and weapons. France continues to improve relations with his brother-in-law in Castile.
  • Order of Knights Hospitaler: A contingent of Knights and Sergeants is sent to Constantinople to assist in its occupation and defence. As decided during the Crusade, the Chapter-General holds a meeting to discuss how the introduction of a Tertiary class of knights and sergeants will affect the organisation of the Order. Their decision will be published in an official document next year. Work on repairing and rebuilding ships in the wake of the Greek Crusade continues. The Archbishop of Cologne and His Holiness are praised by the Grand Master for their sensible and tactful response to the Husste crisis.
    • Doge Marco II Visconti invites the Knights Hospitaler to join an Anti-Ottoman Defense league.
  • Bohemia: We continue Germanization. We continue to improve our lands. Wenceslaus V continues to study and look for a wife. Wenceslaus IV grows old. (IDK if he ded) We combat the Hussites.
  • Kuzir Empire: The empire expands by 10,000 km into Aan lands, continue the process of the previous year. Developments within the empire toward improvement of the standard of living and the agricultural needs of the state are expanded. Dari Abubakar beings looking for applications for the explosive substance he created. Over the course of several months, Abubakar finds that the substance is great for blasting rocks for mining, and most importantly, is prefect for launching projections at long distances. Seeking some way to make his discovery useful, Abubakar tested the ability of the powdery substance to not just destroy rocks, but to launch objects from a tube. To his amazement, the application was very useful, and upon learning of the destructive potential of the tube-launched objects, refines the design to be more accurate. Intrigued with his work, the Oluko grant Abubakar the resources he needs to refine his work. The expedition sent out by Prince Uwaifiokun rounds the Cape of Good Hope, and sails across the southern coast of Africa. Joy within the fleet rings out as the sailors finally sail beyond the unknown their forebearers once stopped at and returned home. Sailing onward, the expedition discovers the city-state of Sofala, where they are welcomed into port as traders. Diplomatic relations with Sofala is established. With the city-state discovered, the fleet continues on, until it reaches the next city-state of Kilwa, where contact with the famed Zhang He is made. Gifts are given to the Oriental admiral, and an envoy from among one of the crew is given to him as well to go to his lands on behalf of the Kuzir Empire. Finally, with their trek complete the expedition begins the process of returning home to West Africa to tell of their accomplishments.
  • Bahmanids: To make tax-collecting and army-building more efficient, Ali Nadeem Shah orders a census to be done of the empire. As Ali Nadeem Shah's first wife has not sired a son, and wanting to solidify our matrimonial alliance, he asks the Gurkanis if they have any suitable noblewomen. A MOD RESPONSE IS STILL NEEDED FOR OUR DIPLOMACY TO MULTAN LAST TURN.
  • In the Duchies of Milan and Savoy, Duke Gian Maria offers his son, Niccolò Maria, in marriage to Mary, the heiress of the Kingdom of Naples. This would cement relations and form an alliance. (MOD RESPONSE) Meanwhile, he continues to enjoy an elevated status in his realms due to his crusader status. To gain even more prestige from his contribution, the Duke hires the most talented poet in the realm, a humanist named Landolfo Tomaretti, to chronicle a dramatized version of the crusade. In the realm of art and architecture, Filippo Bruschinelli continues to lead what becomes known as the "Milan School," which radically incorporates linear perspective, a new technique that Bruschinelli himself is credited for creating. They also contribute heavily to the Certosa di Pavia and Duomo di Milano. Toward the end of the year, due to transportation difficulties between Milan and Savoy, Duke Gian Maria offers to make Montferrat and d'Asti puppet states. (MOD RESPONSE) 
    • ​Mary of Naples accepts the agreement, settling for Niccolo rather than a local nobleman for her hand in marriage.
    • Montferrat and d'Asti reject the vassal offer! Angered by such demands, they request an alliance with France or Austria.
  • The Crown of Castile consolidates their hold over Morocco, and Henry IV orders the former territory of Morocco to be split into the Kingdom of Gibraltar and the Kingdom of Morocco (Map on Talk Page). In other news, naval expansion continues. The Christianization of Morocco continues, with 35% of the nation now being Christian. The Christianization of Morocco continues as well with the northern Kingdom of Gibraltar having 25% Christian minority. Aggressive deportation and forced conversion continues, especially in the newly conquered territories. More later, maybe.

1426

King of Germany/of the Romans Wenceslas IV dies, meaning that a new Imperial Election for his successor must take place. HRE Electors, do your thing. 

ATTENTION PLAYERS: AFTER THIS NOTICE THERE WILL BE A NOTICE ON THE TALK PAGE ABOUT MOD ELECTIONS FOR A NEW MODERATOR. PLEASE READ.

  • The Gurkani Sultanate: Amir Shahrukh Mirza was proclaimed as the Sultan of the Sultanate, starting a new era under his rule. The Gurkani population rose to about 52 million with the people flocking to cities like Herat, Isfahan, Merv, Aktau, Samarkand and Iskenderun; primarily due to their strategic position in the spice trade. The military was primarily composed of medium-to-heavy cavalry, composite bow, lance, mace, and sword. Heavy cavalrymen wore plated chain mail or metal lamellar armor, with their horses also wearing leather or metal lamellar barding. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and elephants as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Cannons were constructed to serve as siege weaponry whilst experimental muskets were beginning to be developed. Naval bases were established at Iskenderun, Trabzon and Gamrun to establish the presence of the Gurkani fleet in the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and the Persian Gulf respectively, keen on controlling the sudden surge in piracy. The Gurkani Navy developed galleys and carracks to augment the smaller patrol fleets. Agriculture and commerce were at the Sultanates forepoint, with wheat, rice and barley being amongst the largest produced crops. Fishery was promoted as well as it helped in sustaining the fishery villages that were present along the coast, as well as the major port cities of Iskenderun, Basra, Gamrun, Aktau and Trabzon. The Sultanate mined large amounts of silver and gold, to serve as currency as well as ornaments and jewellery. Importance was also given on the development of proper roads for the merchants utilizing the trade routes through the Sultanate. Meanwhile, the Sultanate continued to expand its territories into the Crimean Peninsula, Caucasus and toward Siberia. The Sultan issues a royal decree declaring Basra, Gamrun, Aktau, Kerch, Iskenderun and Trabzon as the only viable ports in the Empire, and announces that punishments will be issued upon merchants utilizing any other coastal city for the purpose of transporting goods as it would fall under smuggling. 
    • Jalayirid Sultanate: Sultana Rukhsana Daula continued her reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, she would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at Iskenderun where the Jalayirid fleet was also situated. Jalayirid authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at İskenderun, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Jalayirid Sultana, Rukhsana Daula would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Mediterranean port of İskenderun to his Persian Gulf port of Basra, hoping to make it much more advanced and efficient. Rukhsana Daula, Shahrukh's daughter continued her control over the Sultanate as the Queen Regent, strengthening ties with the Gurkani Sultanate. 
    • Khedivate of Trabzon: Amir Alexios IV Komnenos continued his reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, he would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at the city of Trabzon, where the Trabzon fleet was also situated. Trabzoni authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at Trabzon, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Trabzon Amir, Alexios IV Komnenos would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Black Sea port of Trabzon, connecting it to the city of Tabriz, hoping to make the spice trade routes much more advanced and efficient.
  • The King of Aragon, Alfonso V, sighs in exasperation and deploys a fleet of 50 fully armed warships to meet the rebel fleet off the coast of Malta. As much as he wishes to keep his Armada fully intact, the King gives the order to open fire upon the rebels' group of 20 ships, which are severely damaged or sunk by the bombardment, but not before the King's fleet loses ten warships, much to the King's frustration. The lead ship of the royal fleet approaches the disabled vessel of the rebel commander and takes him into custody. He is charged with high treason and after his trial is convicted and executed for his treachery. The damaged ships are salvaged and repaired if possible; otherwise they are dismantled and if possible recycled to build new ships. As many valuable cannons as possible are recovered from the sinking ships; if they can be repaired they are reinstalled on new ships, and if not they are melted down and recycled to make new cannons. After crushing the rebellion, Alfonso V realises that to avoid another insurrection major changes are needed to the political system binding the various nations in the Crown Union. He announces that the Maltese Council will have increased powers and sovereignty over the island, though the Count will still maintain superior authority. He declares that it is hoped that through these reforms, Malta will be elevated to an equal status to the other realms in the Union. Meanwhile, to compensate for the ships lost in the Maltese rebellion, Alfonso V orders the acceleration of ship production once more to bring the Navy back to pre-rebellion numbers. 20 ships are produced this year, bringing the number of ships to 160.
    • Diplomacy: To make ties between our two Crown Unions even stronger, we offer the hand of marriage of the young Princess Arianne of Aragon to the heir to the throne of Castile, Crown Prince Sancho.
  • The Haixi Jurchens continue military production, while striking new trade deals and strengthening ties with the Jianzhou Jurchens. The Haixi chief tells the Korean Emperor that we wish for the Koreans to pull out their troops stationed in Manchuria, saying that we wish to work with them and that we do not take kindly to aggression; we ask for support from the Ming to pull out these troops.
    • Korea is a protectorate of the Ming???
    • Haixi Jurchen OOC: Exactly; since Korea is under Ming influence, the Ming could try to stop Korean aggression.
    • Nope, if anything, the Ming would support Korea as it is its protector.
    • Korea declines the offer to withdraw from Manchuria, and disestablish the Ryojeo province. Korea reminds that the Jurchens are inferior to the Koreans and reminds to not interfere with Korean expansion north.
    • Chinese military officers visit the Jurchen camps to establish a formal relationship wth the Jurchens and [secret] begin leaking Korean military positions via on-field Chinese scouts to Jurchens to help them prepare for possible Korean assault.[/secret]

I WILL BE OFF FOR TWO DAYS DUE TO MY INTERNET BEING OFFLINE. I AM ON MOBILE RIGHT NOW AND WE ALL KNOW HOW THAT IS. -Bozistan Ottoman Empire

  • Mayapan: Continues the integration of the southern city-states into the League. Each new state is expected to supply men to train and serve in the national army. Expansion continues northward along the coast of the Nuchol Sea (OTL Gulf of Mexico). The council seeks to improve commerce and communication between the many settlements of the Yucatan by constructing and maintaining roads between them. Due to Emperor-King Iktan's initiative, work continues to renovate and update existing buildings, roads, and to create plans for future upkeep and renovations.
  • Iroquois Confederacy: Chief Notaku sends a second expedition party north, up the St. Lawrence River in hopes of finding new trade partners and potential allies. Made up of 50 of his fiercest and hardiest braves and a pack of dogs, set out in the early Spring. After months of paddling, they come to a landmass in water (OTL Newfoundland). Tired of being on the water, the party goes to shore and continues their quest. Over a year has passed since Chogan went West and in the winter, a runner arrives at Nowadaga with word from a western village that he has returned, tattered, but with word of the distant Wichita who wish to open trade. The Iroquois accept the Wichita trade agreement but worry about traveling such far distances, across dangerous terrain. Over ten years have passed since the formation of the Confederacy. More and more villages are being built and a more solidified form of government begins to appear. Notaku splits his nation up into regions, each region led by an elected chief who has his own council. Shamans begin overseeing the construction of shrines and larger longhouses to accomodate the growing population. Walled outposts are constructed in the far reaches of the Confederacy, manned by 15 braves. The walls are of new design: made of stone, clay and large timbers with the stone forming a base.
  • Cologne: Archbishop Dietrich II waits patiently in Luxembourg for Karl von Havel to respond to the reasonable concessions admitted last year. [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED, PLEASE] The people of Cologne are missing their dear leader and starting to colloquially refer to him as “Dietrich the Patient” or “Dietrich Who Waited”. Meanwhile, Vicar General Wikbold funds a new construction project: a further port on the Rhine to improve the trade route.
  • Could you repeat the concessions?
    • Essen: After nearly five years have passed in which Essen’s canonesses have given talks in the neighbouring countries of Berg, Mark and Julich, Abbess Margarete of Essen writes a letter to the leaders of each of these nations and asks them to, on behalf of their people, create a Court of Discipline for their clergy members. She also sends each of them a copy of the Book of Adelphinian Reforms and offers them a trade deal with Essen (and by extension, Cologne) in return for creating this Court of Discipline. [MOD RESPONSE for these countries please]
    • What do you mean by court of discipline?
  • Order of Knights Hospitaller: The Chapter-General and Grand Master Jean publish an official document this year, De Tertiariis, which sets out how the new Tertiary members of the Order will fit within its organisational structure. Fully professed Knights and Sergeants are to be preferred for Commandries (however exceptions will be made for especially meritorious conduct in battle by a Tertiary), and Tertiaries will be barred from becoming a Prior, Grand Prior, or Grand Master. However, a new seat in the Chapter-General shall be established which rotates between the Knights and Sergeants-Tertiary. Genoa's request is accepted, and the Order gladly joins the anti-Ottoman League. He suggests it be called the Holy League (or Catholic League, Marian League, or some other such pious name). Work continues on rebuilding after the crusade, helped by Crete's trade income and the usual income from the European commandries.
  • Korea continues development as a centralised command economy under the monarch Yi Do. He continues to purge opposition from the state-council and the nobility, instating Buddhists and those nostalgic of the Buddhist Silla and Goryeo periods. He fabricates scholarly studies that overemphasise the importance of Buddhism and attributes the success of the two predecessor periods to it. This is welcomed by many peasants, who were never really devout Confucianists anyway, but are greeted with hostility by the increasingly irrelevant nobility. More people from different castes perform as civil servants, reducing the role of the nobles. A vigorous revival of Buddhism continues, mirroring the entrenchment of Confucianism during the reign of Taejong. Instead of the total displacement of Confucianism and its values, the mingling of Confucian values into Buddhism happens, creating a new sect of Buddhism now named as Yiism. Buddhist monks and missionaries are dispatched throughout Korea. As women are now also taxed and work with their husbands, the government sees a surge in tax incomes and national productivity, diverting the fruits of these reforms to fund further development. Korean metallurgy is further augmented with the erection of more blast furnaces – with the smelted iron being used in the production of high quality armour, tools, and weaponry. Mining activities in the Hamgyeong and the Ryojeo province continues, providing revenue and raw materials for southern industrial complexes. Those within the national civil service program, and those of the upper castes being encouraged to partake in education; numerous libraries and universities are constructed within the major Korean settlements, equipped with the Chinese scholarly texts that have been translated into Korean. The massive palace complex in Hanseong is completed. Korea continues vigorous expansion into arable lands north, and northeast into the fertile Amur basin – enlarging the Ryojeo province, and both the Sino–Korean and the Korean–Japanese borders. Expansion of soy and wheat farms within the Korean part of Manchuria continues as more southern peasants flock to the province, while the Japonica rice cultivar is planted in wet regions of Manchuria. Disturbed by a military build-up by the Jurchens under the Haixi clan, and the recent alliance between various Jurchen tribes, more hwacha, cannons, hand cannons, multiple rocket-launchers, also Chinese weaponry such as weaponised fireworks are made and armed to Korean levies. Yi Do initiates a mild military buildup, but as the Jurchens are of tribal nature, the buildup is not as vigorous as their efforts. The law that states the assimilation of non-Korean and non-Chinese residents is further exercised in the frontier Ryojeo province to surpress Jurchen revolts.
  • Assam: Suphakphaa orders a census for easier collection of taxes and a more solidified army.
  • Mogadishu: The nation's income continues to grow, both from increased tariffs and from the Royal Trade Fleet. Our manufacturers expand and make more money. We further expand toward the Jubba River, as canals, dikes and ditches are being built. The land surrounding the Jubba-Shebelle Rivers become more fertile. 10,000 local tribesman and foreign settlers became citizens of our nation last year due to our policies of land reclamation and immigration attraction. We begin to build guns and cannons using the blast furnaces China had given us. Sultan Umar dies, and is succeeded by Sultan Ali. Ahmed returns and begins training the Mogadishu Navy for war.
  • Duchy of Thuringen: The city guard continues to defend the capital city of Erfurt. Our military has about 5000 troops in it expanding little by little each year. A large scale wall with scouting towers is continuing to be built around the capital Erfurt. A national bank is continuing to be built within the capital. We continue to trade again with our neighboring states. Farming goes well in our nation this year. The healthy population continues to increase by 3% each year. Karsten's improvement in the training area is continuing to show off.
  • Khmer Empire: Suryavarman III, the king who greatly expanded the empire and successfully implemented many reformed, finally dies, leaving his son, Suryavarman IV to secede him. The new king becomes popular immediately, as he is widely judged as more likable and accepting than his father. With the populations of Ayutthaya, Champa and Malay now largely assimilated, and an accurate census done, Khmer boasts a population of 4.7 million people. The census will be repeated every 15 years, allowing the nation to more effectively tax its citizens and in turn, fund more projects. Suryavarman IV also continues to implement the reforms of his father, reforms designed to restore Khmer to its former glory (#MakeKhmerGreatAgain). The first major reform is centered around the military, which has been massively improved in recent years. Suryavarman IV decides to uphold the reform in its entity. Because of this, 1/20 people are prepared to serve is necessary. Additionally, 1/50 are given minimal training, so they can serve as a replacement if absolutely necessary. While this theoretically gives the empire 200,000 fighting men to use, most agree that deploying any more than 80,000 would put great strain on the empire. Additionally, the navy is improved with 200 ships either ready for combat or are being built or refurbished. The second, but if anything more important set of reforms is also upheld and expanded. In recent years, crop yields have improved dramatically, largely thanks to the bureaucracy Suryavarman III instituted. The bureaucracy continues to expand, and this alone has dramatically increased crop yields, and most areas manage three harvests a year despite the drought. In order to help this goal further, irrigation systems are dug in many of the dryer areas. Overland trading, especially with China, continues. In addition to his father's reforms, Suryavarman IV begins improving Khmer himself. He mainly does this by beginning to subsidize artists, such as sculptors, painters and performers. This program is still in its limited in scope, but the place it has been implemented - a western city called U Thong - appears to have dramatically increased in cultural output. Additionally, he starts to expand several cities, in order to accommodate the expanding population of Khmer.
  • Genoa: We offer Montferrat membership in the Republic of Genoa citing the relationship between the Palaiologos family and the Republic of Genoa, membership and increased riches as part of the Republic of Genoa. By the way that the Republic of Genoa works the Palaiologos family would still retain its noble title and its autonomy. The salary of the Marquise will also be increased by a large amount of money. MOD RESPONSE The Genovese Arsenal and the Bank of St. George continues to expand. Trade throughout Europe continues to thrive especially with the liberation of Constantinople. Genovese merchants continue to experience little to no opposition in Northern Italy, Southern France, Greece, and Granada. Ligurain continues to grow as the vernacular in Corsica as well as increased investment in that region begins.
  • Montferrat is interested in the membership but would first like to have the terms of the membership listed.
  1. ​Monteferrat will become a compoent of the Republic of Genoa.
  2. Monetferrat will remain a hereditary monarchy subject to the Doge of the Republic of Genoa. (Similar to the Counts of Lavagna who wield a great deal of Autonomy)
  3. The annual salary of the Marquise of Montferrat will be doubled.
  • Montferrat says yes
  • The Crown of Castile continues work to consolidate their hold over Morocco. Henry IV accepts Aragon's offer, and when Sancho comes of age he will be married to the Aragonese princess. In other news, infrastructure development continues, developing the city of Toldeo and turing it into a proper capital city. The Chrisinization of Granada continues, with the nation now being 40% Christian.. Castile continues to send settlers to Morocco, although most settle in the Kingdom of Gibraltar. The navy expands dramatically, continuing to enforce Castile's naval supremacy in Southern Europe, although Genoa provides legitimate threat to said superiority. Trade along the silk road continues to make Castile wealthy. Henry has his second child, Isabella.
    • The Kingdom of Gibraltar continues to accept Christian settlers, with the nation now being composed of 35% Christians. The deportation effort continues, with more and more Muslims being relocated to Tunis. The restoration of Casablanca continues.
    • The Kingdom of Morocco continues to expel Muslims from the nation. 11% of the nation is now Christian. Expansion south along the coast begins.
  • Xallapan: Chieftain Tepictoton sends two diplomatic envoys south and west, in hoping to finding new trade partners and potential allies. Each party is escorted by 200 of his fiercest and bravest warriors and a pack of dogs, set out in the late Winter. After weeks of walking, the first envoy reaches the Mayapan League and the second reaches the Aztecs. There the first party ask Emperor-King Iktan, ruler of the Mayapan League for an mutually beneficial alliance between our people and a trade agreement. The second party asks the Aztecs for a trade agreement and a Non-Aggression pact. [MOD RESPONSE] Walls are constructed to help us defend our great city from any threats, Xallapan, manned by our bravest and fiercest warriors. The walls are from new design: made from stone, clay and large timbers with the stone forming a solid base. Being the greatest, grandest and biggest of all Totonac cities we pressure Papantla, Cempoala as well as the rest of the Totonac cities and people into forming a confederation with centralized authority with Chieftain Tepictoton as its King, offering wealth as well as protection from expanding powers in the area, thus we promise to help Papantla and Cempoala to construct walls to be able to defend themselfs shall they join us. We threaten with war otherwise. [MOD RESPONSE]
    • The trade agreement and defensive alliance is accepted and the Aztecs agree to NAP and trade. Papantla joins while Cempoala declines. ~Sky
    • (Cour is playing as the Mayapan League i color it red my bad but he shouldn't be moded)
    • Chieftain Tepictoton is crowned King of Totonacapan and of all Totonac people. The administrative structure is adjusted to include Papantla in the government. Walls are constructed in Papantla of the same design with Xallapan walls. King Tepictoton increases his authority near absolute by imprisoning and executing unloyal subjects and chiefs. The whole Totonacapan Confederation prepares for war with war supplies manufactured and our 4000 brave and fierce warriors raised. We send all of our spies bearing gifts, trying to approach the citizen of Cempoala and persuade them to support us in the unification of the Totonac people under King Tepictoton and fight for it, hoping to cause a rebellion inside Cempoala. [MOD RESPONSE]
    • No civil war.
  • Kingdom of France: The ambitious King Louis XI continues to rule with the desire to further centralize the lands of France. A papal representative officially comes and crowns Louis King of Navarre, further cementing his claim and legitimacy over the throne. In the Treaty of Tunis, signed with the Abbasid Caliphate, the settlement named Collo is leased to France with funds from the Taille. The settlement is renamed Chauleaux is honor of its previous name under the Romans. On the peninsula of the settlement, Louis begins building a fort and a royal palace. He also begins building a small dock to act as a station for the small French mediterranean fleet. Due to many muslims leaving the new christian, to make it self-sufficient, Louis states that the remaining muslims are not bound to the settlement, and can travel freely to other cities to get food. More farms are also built in the settlement. Only a few christians are attracted to the settlement. This city also allows France to minimally access Abbasid trade routes, opening France more to the non-Christian world. With funds from the Taille, Louis XI continues to create a small French navy. He continues building a Mediterranean fleet consisting of cogs and galleys, by no means a fighting force, but one that would be able to transport the French army throughout the Mediterranean. Hearing about the discovery of more islands to the west, Louis continues to fund research to find alternatives to Barques and Balingers to be able to more effectively explore and trade to Asia. The French military continues to improve as the crown also uses the Taille to buy early cannons from Italy and other places in Europe. France continues to improve its army with newer and up-to-date tactics and weapons. France continues to improve relations with his brother-in-law in Castile.
  • The Wichita Confederation begins developing a form of writing similar to OTL caligraphy with hundreds of characters to mean different things. We push the Kansa out onto the other side of the Kansa (OTL Missouri) River. In order to effectively communicate and trade with the Iroquois, we create barges that will carry goods with an escort of 20 warriors and five dogs to travel along the Great (OTL Mississippi) River to the Cahokian (OTL Illinois) River into the great Lakes where the barges sail to Iroquois settlements. We also send 20 young braves to learn the Iroquois language and teach the Wichita language in order to make communication easier. We expand settlements along the Tancoa River to the Great River and down to the southern sea while staying on the west bank of the Great River. We ask FOR THE THIRD TIME that our friends and allies the Pawnee and Crow join the Wichita Confederation. (MOD RESPONSE) With the village of Wichita growing steadily and becoming one of the largest villages, We begin building a wall of mud bricks that form a semicircle around the buildings on either side of the Tancoa. We also construct a great pavilion with a large fire pit to serve as the meeting place for the Wichita Council.
    • The Pawnee agree, the Crow refuse. -Nate
  • Majapahit Empire: Infrastructure continues to be constructed in both Java and Sumatra, and cultural integration of Borneo, the Celebes and Papua continues. With the extension of the Core Empire's borders, we begin to look toward the Bay of Bengal to establish economic dominance, secure the interests of both the Majapahit and Khmer and expand the true faith throughout Southeast Asia, and defend against potential threats to the two empires. With this in mind, following Pegu refusal to provide us Martabar, Kuwat Wira looks to invade the Pegu with Khmer. As a result, military plans are drawn up and the Khmer Empire is asked to help against Pegu and in exchange, the Empire will allow Khmer to annex all of Pegu, except Martabar.
    • Order of the Enlightened: Conversion in Java and Sumatra continues, with the outposts in Borneo and North Sumatra also continuing construction. Over 1200 men are recruited into the armed branch of the Order, while the trade port in Mindanao officially begins construction.
  • Grand Republic of Ragusa: The oligarchy finally takes power effectively in the republic, turning the republic into a relatively effective polity but with the aristocracy nearly fully disempowered, but they still have some advantages over ordinary citizens
  • Norway: In the ever illustrious nation of Norway our cities continue to flourish as centers of arts and literature as the cities grow as well. Inside Iceland, Faroes, Shetland, and Orkney with agriculture and fisheries developed. In the north copper mining continues as well granting new income. In Scientae Dei new books come in with ancient ones such as the Aeneid and Odyssey being among them. The Scientae Dei organization begins to gain in international prestige. Calix Aureus Domination over the north sea trade routes continue to grow as well as more gold being collected into our treasury. Seeing a potential benefactor in burgundy we offer a trade deal to them. Inside of Kola more settlers begin to enter as expansion into the penninsula continues. Queen Katherina gives birth to a girl Else. Mikkael continues to be schooled in various subjects including ruling.
  • Kuzir Empire: The expansion of the empire continues, the Kuzir warriors and settlers pushing the boundaries of the nation 10,000 km into Ghana. The inhabitants are rounded up, and as is procedure, all the fighting age men are sold off to slavers, while the women and children are handed out to the victorious Kuzir settlers and warriors. Odi and roads are built in the region, and the land built up to be productive farmland and pastures for herds and flocks. In the other parts of the empire, many of the youth who were sent to the esuku monasteries following the conquest of Songhai are finally coming out into the world as devote Kuzir subjects, and identify as members of the empire rather than members of their old ethnic groups. The indoctrination is maintained with the parents themselves having seen the benefits of the empire, and have worked to have their children viewed as members of the Kuzir faith with the aim of being considered true members of the nation. Dari Sakidi Abubakar's research into the use of the explosive powder substance he created has resulted in the discovery of artillery with a combustive substance to propel objects. With the aid of the artisans and warriors, Abubakar has managed to develop a cannon that can cope with the pressures produced by the explosive, and capable of directing an object toward a target. With the Oba and the clergy present, the testing of the cannon is begun. At the end of the tests, the Oba and his staff are impressed with the results, watching as walls of stone and wood are destroyed by the cannon. The warriors seek to harness this new technology, and result that twenty cannons be built for them, to which the artisans agree. Trade with Sofala begins to take form, with the Cape of Good Hope having been rounded by the Kuzir, trade with the Swahili city-state has begun with great fervor. Hearing of the city-state's need for slaves, the Akan captured in Ghana are rounded by by settlers, and sold off to Sofala as a way of gaining some capital for further expansion into the lands west of the empire.
  • In the Duchies of Milan and Savoy, The Duke Gian Maria contuines to rule peacefully over the Duchies of Milan and Savoy as they enter a new age of peace and prosperity and supports a new wave of cultral influx of writer's poets and influxes. To bring art to the ordinary people of Milan the Duke commissions a sculpltist to create a number of nudist statues emphasing strength and physical prowess eight feet high and made of stone to adorn a number of plazas and squares in the city for all to look upon while in the school of Milan, artists led by Filippo Bruschinelli contuine to work on linear perspective art and the limits to which it can be taken to especially with the creation of religious art work where it is of importance that certain figures have a larger perspective than others.

(OOC: So Rex has limited cell phone coverage for the next few days so he has just asked me to stand in for a couple of days for him. User:Person67 )

  • Chimu Empire: The Empire expands eastward still in order to surround the state of Quzco and the surrounding areas. The Chimu begin amassing a large military force west of the Quzco border and out of range of their scouts in the event that the Quzco become hostile, as there rejection had sent fear of war through the leaders of the Chimu and there vassal states. Mortar and limestone defenses are built, but many begin mixing volcanic ash from the mountains in the far north, which seems to make the mortar and therfore the defenses stronger, resulting in larger and stronger foritifcations lining the eastern frontier of the Chimu Empire.
    • Ica-Nazca: The Ica-Nazca continues to expand eastward in order to aid their Chimu protectors in the upcoming conflict.
    • Chancay State: Work continues on the military, though with Chimu and Ica-Nazca help, continues to develop Kite Ships, with the creation of a rudimentary pulley system taking place in order to close and open the kite as is needed. The issue of steering is still an issue however, and work continues on this matter.
  • Papal States: The Papal States continues with their various proceedures for regaining strength in Italy as well as reconstructing the occupied Constantinople. More pressure is applied upon the Roman Emperor to move along the unification of the churches, noting that a unified Christianity will be better for the Empire's defense against a divided Islam. The pope waits for a reply from the Hussites, although his patience is limited and feels as though his issues are completely valid and within Church law. A church representative is authorized to crown the next leader of Navarre according to the principle of rightful succession. The Anti-Ottoman Defense League is blessed by the pope but the Papal States are not formal members.
    • Roman Constantinople: Much of the damage from the battles over the city and the short Ottoman occupation has been removed and cleaned up, although much of the city is still in ruins and abandoned. With most of the city's defense concentrated in the hands of Aragon, Castile, and the Papal States, along with the city's thousand man guard, more effort is made to repair those defenses and revitalize the city's economy. Pressure is placed upon the Orthodox Patriarch to help mend the schism and accept the pope's generous offer,
  • Bahmanids: We reiterate our earlier marriage offer to the Gurkanis. COULD A MOD PLEASE RESPOND ON OUR DIPLOMACY TO MULTAN? IT'S GONE UNANSWERED FOR TWO TURNS ALREADY!
  • Teutonic Order: The financial gains from the War of Lions is dispersed between most land-owning knight-brothers so that they can improve and expand upon their lands. The Hussite rebellion has caused a noticable change in church sermons, most of them advocating for a near-blind adherence to faith as opposed to following the imperfect rule of man. This is an attempt to prevent any number of knights from defecting to the heretical practices. Grand Master Ulrich concerns himself not with these problems as he is less 'learned' than his brother in theological teachings. This does not deter several higher-ranked Order-Brothers from declaring that they condemn this act of heresy and await to act on the pope's decision on the matter, heavily implying they will fight the heresy with sword and spear. 

1427

German players, you make us very disappointed. Don't leave us HRE emperor-less. 

The Wichita Confederation causes tension as several tribes side with either the Wichita or Crow nations. The Blackfoot tribe offers to join the Wichita, while the Lakota and Cheyenne join with the Crow in a Confederacy to counter the Wichita.

The great king of Benin dies. As his son and heir is too young to rule in his own right, a regency is formed. However, ministers and generals constantly try to get the upper hand against each other as they seek to expand their influence at court.

The Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople, currently in exile because of his unwillingness to cooperate with the occupying authority, dies.

Slight unrest occurs in nations near Majapihut, seeing occasional street fights or riots. Members of traditional Hinduism religion led by Sri Dhritarashtra challenge the new deviant sect to a miracle contest, claiming their gods are still superior to this new trinity

A massive fire breaks out in the Joseon capital, destroying many buildings. Fortunately, only about two dozen are killed.

Umar Hamza Khan invades and conquers Multan.

Oman and Delhi sign an alliance.

Bengal expands more into Burma, spreading Islam. Resistance to the spread of Islam is infrequent, but when it appears, it is crushed.

ATTENTION PM4 PLAYERS, PLEASE WELCOME COUR AS YOUR NEW PM4 MOD, AND CALLUM AS YOUR NEW LICTOR. Nic will be brought in as an additional mapmaker. Thank you all for voting. Results may be viewed here

​Thanks y'all - Cour
  • The Gurkani Sultanate: Amir Shahrukh Mirza was proclaimed as the Sultan of the Sultanate, starting a new era under his rule. The Gurkani population rose to about 52 million with the people flocking to cities like Herat, Isfahan, Merv, Aktau, Samarkand and Iskenderun; primarily due to their strategic position in the spice trade. The military was primarily composed of medium-to-heavy cavalry, composite bow, lance, mace, and sword. Heavy cavalrymen wore plated chain mail or metal lamellar armor, with their horses also wearing leather or metal lamellar barding. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and elephants as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Cannons were constructed to serve as siege weaponry whilst experimental muskets were beginning to be developed. Naval bases were established at Iskenderun, Trabzon and Gamrun to establish the presence of the Gurkani fleet in the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and the Persian Gulf respectively, keen on controlling the sudden surge in piracy. The Gurkani Navy developed galleys and carracks to augment the smaller patrol fleets. Agriculture and commerce were at the Sultanates forepoint, with wheat, rice and barley being amongst the largest produced crops. Fishery was promoted as well as it helped in sustaining the fishery villages that were present along the coast, as well as the major port cities of Iskenderun, Basra, Gamrun, Aktau and Trabzon. The Sultanate mined large amounts of silver and gold, to serve as currency as well as ornaments and jewellery. Importance was also given on the development of proper roads for the merchants utilizing the trade routes through the Sultanate. Meanwhile, the Sultanate continued to expand its territories into the Crimean Peninsula, Caucasus and toward Siberia. To increase unity amongst the people, the administration continued promote Persian and Chagatai as the two official languages in the Sultanate. The Sultan disregarded most of other minor languages as he saw no need to appease the minorities, hoping that they would eventually be forced to integrate themselves into the majority. The only exceptions to this rule included Arabic and Greek spoken in Jalayirid and Trabzon territories respectively. 
    • Jalayirid Sultanate: Sultana Rukhsana Daula continued her reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, she would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at Iskenderun where the Jalayirid fleet was also situated. Jalayirid authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at İskenderun, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Jalayirid Sultana, Rukhsana Daula would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Mediterranean port of İskenderun to his Persian Gulf port of Basra, hoping to make it much more advanced and efficient. Rukhsana Daula, Shahrukh's daughter continued her control over the Sultanate as the Queen Regent, strengthening ties with the Gurkani Sultanate. 
    • Khedivate of Trabzon: Amir Alexios IV Komnenos continued his reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, he would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at the city of Trabzon, where the Trabzon fleet was also situated. Trabzoni authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at Trabzon, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Trabzon Amir, Alexios IV Komnenos would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Black Sea port of Trabzon, connecting it to the city of Tabriz, hoping to make the spice trade routes much more advanced and efficient.
  • The Crown of Aragon officially expresses interest in participating in the Anti-Ottoman League, as we wish to see the Sultanate dismantled and Christianised. In other news, another girl, Princess Eleanor, was born to the King and Queen in the August of this year. Meanwhile, the Royal Armada has regrown to pre-rebellion levels and continues its expansion. A new target for a total of 200 ships has been set, to be achieved by 1430 at the latest; our numbers currently stand at 180 ships. We begin research into a new class of vessel. The King has commissioned a new vessel which would be heavier, slower and less manoeuvrable than our prized caravels, but they will be more heavily armed and will pack more of a punch in ship-to-ship and siege warfare. We offer to help Castile build their first caravels and to export our state-of-the-art cannon designs to them for a low price; it is the least we can do for our closest ally and friend. Research also continues on the "hand cannon", and we hope that we can build the first prototypes within the next 20 years.
  • The Haixi Jurchens express their annoyance with the Koreans' persistent expansionist ambitions. We remind them that our goal is peace, and we do NOT take kindly to their aggression. We continue to stock up on military, waiting for the impending Korean invasion.
    • Haixi Jurchen SECRET Diplomacy: In an ambitious move, diplomats in our Heliongjiang camps ask the Ming Chinese to form a defensive pact with us; in the event of a Korean invasion, they could either assist in defending, or (understanding your will to keep the rebellious Koreans from leaving your sphere of influence) invade the Korean heartland altogether. We will reward you with free access to any future ports constructed, and the free flow of trade through our lands.
    • Korea is part of China, thus, Korean territory is Chinese territory. By expanding northward, we're expanding their territorial extent as well. And there is not "rebellion", we simply requested to become independent (but as a tributary, still under Chinese influence) instead of being a protectorate.
    • Seems like they've got a grudge on Seoul to me.
    • It was retconned (its deal with Japan, etc.)
    • Well, no point in arguing; it's all up to Kaori.
    • Sign comments, for crying out loud! -Nate
    • There is something called plausibility. Ever heard of it?
    • Plus, the Jurchens are disorganised nomadic tribal savages who have yet to submit to the Ming. Korea has bowed down to China and adopted many elements of its culture, and is firmly under Chinese influence. Of course the Ming would favour Korea over the Jurchens.
  • Iroquois Confederacy: A message is sent to Wichita calling for an alliance between the two nations. Chief Notaku offers the full might of the Iroquois army to aid the Wichita in any future conflicts with the new Confederacy that denied the Wichita. We send large rolls of birch bark so they can improve their canoes along with many furs. Chief Notaku expands the petroleum extraction, with large wells being built in OTL Pennsylvania. We expand our own trade networks as far west as the Santee and far down the coast of OTL Florida, stopping at small coastal villages.
    • Wichita Dip: Chief Kwaackiciyeeh accepts an alliance with the Iroquois. He states that the Wichita shall always come to the aid of the Iroquois should they need it.
    • No alliance that far -Nate
  • Kuzir Empire: Following the death of Oba Ewuare, attempts by some low-level bureaucrats and generals within the warrior caste attempt to push their hand in the government seeking influence. However, the prince-regent of the Kuzir Empire, Prince Uwaifiokun, takes over the reins of power, and quickly stamps out the infighting within the government. He has the uzama purged with the exception of Okpara Maduka, a loyalist, and individuals who are committed to the ideologies of Kuzirism, in particular the core doctrines of merit and integrity, appointed in their steed. The warrior caste is quick to affirm its loyalty to the regent and the state, while the clergy is equally quick to purge itself of malcontents so as not to bring the wrath of the prince-regent upon themselves. Ewuare's eldest son, Kayin, is take under Uwaifiokun's wing and trained in the ways of state and war, as the regent understands the many trials the boy shall soon face. Uwaifiokun promises his nephew that when he comes of age, he too shall be a great general like his father, and a master of diplomacy as well. Uwaifiokun has the death of his brother, a healthy, physically active man in the prime of his youth, investigated by the warriors, who scour the empire in search for any leads as to the reason for Ewuare's sudden death. Mindful of the legacy Ewuare was seeking to build, Uwaifiokun commits himself to his brother's ideals, and states that the empire shall continue on the path the Oba set. Muhammed Benken arrives in Edo to give his condolences, and states that he shall aid the regent in searching for the cause behind the Oba's death. For his loyalty, Uwaifiokun has Benken appointed as the leader of the warrior caste, for which Benken states his shock. With the government back in order, the hunt begins for the Oba's cause of death, which most Kuzir blame on external foes such as Mali and Kanem-Bornu. The common knowledge is that an Oba as young and as powerful as Ewuare could not simply have died of "natural causes", and most subjects immediately point beyond the lands of the Kuzir, and to the jealous nations surrounding them. A state of mourning is declared for one week by the government, all in accordance with the will of the Oba should he die unexpectedly. Life must move on, and the nation continues its growth and development, with another 10,000 square kilometers settled by the Kuzir, and the natives rounded up and enslaved or doled out as rewards to the Kuzir. Dari Abubakar's work is still sponsored by the state, which remains interested in the cannons he developed for the warriors. Ten of the cannons are delivered to the warrior caste for use in their wars. The vessel Oba Ewuare had hoped to show his late father, the Akakan, has finally been drawn up and built, though Ewuare will never see it himself. The Akakan has finally been developed in Benin in accordance with Oba Ewuare's old plans, and the first, the Ewuare, has been named in honor of the visionary leader. To complement the new vessel, five oke and thirty-five epeepe are built as well. Uwiafiokun wants many of the ships built for the navy, to serve as the cap to the navy's ability to fight at sea. The Cape Verde Islands are developed extensively by the settlers, transforming the islands from a trade outpost of the empire into a thriving commercial center for trade. The prince-regent assigns several more vessels and warriors to the island, wishing to develop it into a major military center as well. Trade with Sofala continues, with the gold trade serving as a major part of the goods transferred from the city-state to the Kuzir Empire. Numerous traders from the empire even set up shops in the city-state so as to better manage the flow of goods into and out of Sofala. At home, Prince Uwaifiokun draws up a set of laws so as to forever settle the issues he has just dealt with. The codification of the laws, known as the Nla Ilana, or "Great Statutes", serves as the charter of the Kuzir Empire, providing a set of laws governing the relationship of the government, the military, the merchants, clergy, and the commoners with one another, as well as defining civil rights and punishments for transgressions against the law. With the Nla Ilana in effect after being passed by Uwaifiokun's hand-picked ministers in the uzama, copies of the law are distributed across the empire, and the bureaucrats and warriors informed of the laws. With their roles clearly defined, and the punishments equally clear as well, there shall be no mistake of what their role in the empire shall be, and the "reminders" that await them should they overstep their boundaries.
  • Duchy of Thuringen: The city guard continues to defend the capital city of Erfurt. Our military grows by adding more recruits each year. A large scale wall with scouting towers is continuing to be built around the capital Erfurt. A national bank is continuing to be built within the capital. We continue to trade again with our neighboring states. Farming goes well in our nation this year. The healthy population continues to increase by 3% each year. Karsten's improvement in the training area is continuing to show off. With the HRE electors not picking an emperor last year, Duke Frederick announces himself as a candidate to be emperor of the HRE. Duke Frederick asks both Meissen and Hesse to become a part of our nation.
  • Both disagree, you can't just absorb HRE nations that easily. -Sky
  • The Wichita Confederation is shocked by the actions of the Crow. We wonder what could have happened between our tribes to cause such animosity. In any case, we gladly accept the alliance with the Iroquois. In exchange for the goods, we send valuable bison skins and bison bone tools, along with maize and squash. The chief of the Wichita tribe sends a specially made bison bone and obsidian tomahawk. The tribe warmly accepts the Blackfoot into the Wichita Confederation. We also adapt the Iroquois lanterns and begin importing many lanterns for the village of Wichita which are to be placed on covered posts throughout the village. A system of ring forts is constructed surrounding the boundaries of the Confederacy and guarding our trade routes.
  • Mogadishu: The nation's income continues to grow, both from increased tariffs and from the Royal Trade Fleet. Our manufacturers expand and make more money. We further expand toward the Jubba River, as canals, dikes and ditches are being built. The land surrounding the Jubba-Shebelle Rivers become more fertile. 10,000 local tribesman and foreign settlers became citizens of our nation last year due to our policies of land reclamation and immigration attraction. We begin to build guns and cannons using the blast furnaces China had given us. We declare war on Mtwara, sending 20,000 soldiers and 120 ships.
    • Mogadishu Diplomacy: We hope that our ally the Bahmanids would aid us in the war.
    • Bahmanid dip: 25 ships and 9000 men are sent to assist Mogadishu.
  • Chimu Empire: The Empire expands eastward still in order to surround the state of Quzco and the surrounding areas. The Chimu continues amassing a large military force west of the Quzco border and out of range of their scouts. Mortar and limestone defenses continue construction, strengthening the empire as a whole.
      • Ica-Nazca: The Ica-Nazca continues to expand eastward in order to aid their Chimu protectors in the upcoming conflict.
      • Chancay State: Work continues on the military, though with Chimu and Ica-Nazca help, continues to develop Kite Ships, testing out the first rudimentary rudder with rope to other parts of the ship, this will take some time to finish development.
  • Korea, in response to the earlier failed attempt of invasion by the Japanese, invade the Japanese colony of Shintoashima and the Tsushima daimyo with three thousand troops for the first front, whilst invading the latter with a hundred ships and eight thousand troops. Korean levies in Tsushima are led by general Yi Jong-mu. Troops stationed in Busan are placed under high alert in case of a Japanese counter-attack. Meanwhile, Korea continues development under a command economy led by the King Yi Do. He continues to purge dissent from the Joseon state-council and the yangban nobility, instating those nostalgic of the Buddhist Silla and Goryeo periods into power. He fabricates scholarly studies that overemphasise the importance of Buddhism and attributes the successes of the two predecessor periods to it. More people from different castes perform as civil servants, reducing the role of the nobility. Yiism, a new form of buddhism which incorporates elements of Confucianism, Muism (Korean shamanic religion) into Korean Buddhism, continues to be vigorously revived. Monks and missionaries advocating for the adoption of this religion by peasants and nobles are dispatched throughout Korea. Korean metallurgical industries are further augmented with the erection of more blast furnaces – with smelted iron used in the production of high quality armour, tools and weaponry. Mines in Hamgyeong and Ryojeo provide revenue and a source of raw materials for southern industrial complexes. With the fire in Hanseong destroying many buildings, the government temporarily relocates to Gaeseong. However, this presents the opportunity to rebuild Hanseong as an attractive and efficient capital. Chinese-style architecture is built in Hanseong, with its imperial palaces being upsized to represent the consolidation and strength of royal rule. Those serving as civil workers, and those of the upper castes are encouraged to partake in education; numerous libraries and universities are constructed within the major Korean settlements, equipped with the scholarly texts written in Hangul. Meanwhile, Korea continues vigorous expansion northward in Manchuria, displacing former Jurchen land. Many peasants flock to these regions in search of fortune. Disturbed by military build-up by the Jurchens under the Haixi clan, more hwacha, cannons, hand cannons, multiple rocket-launchers, also Chinese weaponry such as weaponised fireworks are made and armed to Korean levies. Yi Do initiates a mild military build-up, but as the Jurchens are of tribal nature, the buildup is not as vigorous as their efforts.
  • Cologne: Archbishop Dietrich II continues to wait patiently in Luxembourg for Karl von Havel to respond to the following concessions: (altered below to reflect what His Holiness added)

1. All Catholic priests will be permitted to preach the Word of God. Although preaching in other languages will be permitted, Latin will remain the ultimate standard for Church documents, doctrine and sermons. 2. The Catholic Church will allow celebration of communion for both the chalice and the bread to all regions which request it; any people who choose to remain deviant will not be permitted to have communion in this way, given how reasonable the Church has been. 3. The Church will work toward universal poverty of individual clergy members – currently, it notes that clergy members primarily have to support themselves and are not supported through the institution like monks and nuns. Clergy members will be allowed to fully handle financial affairs of their respective religious establishment and may obtain these funds through legitimate means. These funds, however, must only be used to further uphold the Word of God, and not be used for personal reasons except to cater for very basic needs. The Adelphinian Reforms will be implemented more widely, including introducing a court of discipline for deviant priests disregarding their vows or otherwise selling indulgences for monetary benefit. Individual clergy members, when following the Adelphinian Reforms, will begin to lead a more meagre life devoted to the people. Dietrich II gives a copy of the Essen German Bible and the Book of Adelphinian Reforms to von Havel in a gesture of sincerity. This has been developed over 25 years in Essen, Cologne and Westphalen, and is expanding to Berg, Mark, Bohemia and Julich: Dietrich II has absolute confidence that it is an excellent solution that will continue to spread throughout Christendom. 4. The Church assures Karl von Havel that harsher punishment for prostitutes and other similar sinners will be dealt with under secular/civil laws. While deviants may be tried by temporal authorities, these authorities should refrain from using codes that disagree with Church law. In return, Dietrich II has three requirements: that Karl von Havel instruct all Hussites to return to this reformed Catholic Church; that all fighting cease immediately; and that Hussites agree to cooperate on the eventual return of the ideal meagre life for all devout Catholics. For this purpose, Dietrich II proposes that three Hussite leaders meet with himself and the Abbess of Essen every ten years to address any further concerns that arise and ensure that these changes are made. [MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE: Karl von Havel]

Karl von Havel declines what he sees to be false promises and claims he will defend his beliefs with weapons if needed.

Really though? Even OTL at least the moderate Hussites could be enticed back. I mean I guess he's entitled to decline, but they're making more concessions than the Church did OTL. Callumthered (talk) 23:38, August 13, 2016 (UTC)

    • Essen: Abbess Margarete of Essen explains to Berg, Mark and Julich that a Court of Discipline is necessary to ensure that priests within the Catholic churches in their respective countries are keeping to their vows and not taking wives or lovers, for example. It is also used to ensure that indulgences are not sold for financial gain. This is all consistent with the Book of Adelphinian Reforms and the progress achieved in Essen since 1400. Thus, Margarete asks these countries again if they could establish a Court of Discipline in order to keep pace with their people’s demands. [MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE]
  • Bahmanids: We send 25 ships and 9000 men to assist Mogadishu against Mtwara. Worried about Delhi's fast expansion, Ali Nadeem Shah wishes for a mutual defense pact with the Gurkanis, in addition to their matrimonial alliance. Finally, ten more warships are built.
    • Gurkani Diplomacy: The Sultan Shahrukh Mirza politely declines the offer for a matrimonial alliance as he has no daughters to spare. However, keen on strengthening ties between the two nations; the Sultan accepts the offer for a mutual defense pact. To further cement friendship, he proposes an official alliance between the Gurkani Sultanate and the Bahmanids.
    • Bahmanid Dip: Ali Nadeem Shah happily accepts this new alliance.
  • Tondo: Continues to expand south, and sends 6000 settlers to Samar Island across the narrow strait to claim it in the name of Tondo. 12 blast furnaces around the capital are built to augment the increasing iron and metalurgy industries of Tondo and paved roads to and from Maynila are built to connect the Kingdom together. Rajah Gamgang starts to consolidate his power in the capital and orders all political opponents to be a part of the settling process enacted upon Tondo in the nearby islands, primarily to keep them away from seizing or threatening his power. Massive naval expansion in the regard of trade ships and naval craft commence, as Rajah Gambang, fearful of the Japanese ships that escort the tributary vessels heading to Japan, orders the construction and study of these war junks, as the Chinese call them. The fishing fleet expands to 500 boats, while small warships capable of fighting in rivers are increased in number. Five war junks are to be constructed within the year. The first public aklatan (library) opens in Central Maynila to further spread the knowledge gained by the Kingdom. Smaller libraries are planned to be built in Maynila, Kawit and Tacloban Military personnel stands at 28,000 active troops across southern Luzon and 52,000 additional men ready to be conscripted to defend the state. They are armed with swords, shields and armor made from the blast furnaces. Roads in and round Maynila are built, and a town in the south, Kawit, is experiencing rapid population growth as fertile farmlands attract settlers there, along with abundant deposits of minerals in the area. This prompts the Council of Kawit (Kataas-taasang Lupon ng Kawit) to petition Rajah Gambang for a road that connects Kawit to Maynila, thereby attracting more and more settlers. Diyang Kalangitan orders a group of 15 scouts, 50 soldiers and 75 civilians to establish a trading post in northeastern Palawan and another party consisting of 50 soldiers and 50 civilians to settle in Busuanga island. Diyang Kalangitan, after hearing reports of the failed Japanese invasion of Korea, begins to spread further anti-Japanese rhetoric, stating that: "Losing to a protectorate, and you expect the Japanese Empire to protect us? Korea was thought to be a fraction of Japan's might, and yet here we see Japan thrashed by Korea. This is not our protector. Do not blind yourselves, for the rising sun has started to set." Rajah Gambang, fearful of the dissent caused by Kalangitan and the power base she has built up in rural Tondo, Ma-I, portions of Pangasinan, orders the defense of Japanese nationals within Maynila.
    • Ma-I: Li Han is consolidated as all of the government functions of Ma-I are moved to the city. Walls are built around it. Under the regency council and Queen Kalangitan, a re-organization of Ma-I infrastructure and society commences. Ma-I will still pay its tribute to the Ming, but Tondo holds nominal control over foreign affairs and other things such as protection. The largest settlement in the area is named Li Han, after the first Huang of Ma-I. A port town in northern Ma-I, Beigang, is developed upon by expanding the port facilities, paving roads, and introducing two blast furnaces in the port. Diyang Kalangitan, after hearing reports of the failed Japanese invasion of Korea, begins to spread further anti-Japanese rhetoric, stating that: "Losing to a protectorate, and you expect the Japanese Empire to protect us? Korea was thought to be a fraction of Japan's might, and yet here we see Japan thrashed by Korea. This is not our protector. Do not blind yourselves, for the rising sun has started to set." Rajah Gambang, fearful of the dissent caused by Kalangitan and the power base she has built up in rural Tondo, Ma-I, portions of Pangasinan, orders the defense of Japanese nationals within Maynila.
    • Pangasinan: Following the Tondo model, Pangasinan is subdivided into multiple areas assigned into Councils of 50 members each. Rajah Gamabang is recognized as the Huang, although Liyu is still recognized as the honorary Huang. Pangasinan thrives as the center of economic activity in the city as blast furnaces supply metals of various types and uses to the people, with 15% of all output to be handed over to Tondo. A major road from Pangasinan to Maynila begins construction.
  • Kingdom of Assam: Suphakphaa orders a new round of military improvements to the well-trained Assamese military. The army makes a grand parade through the streets of Charaideo. A five-day set of war-games is conducted, and Suphakphaa orders a new system of meritocratic ranking, recognizing that the failiure of Assam's invasion into Koch was due to poor-quality commanders. After the war-games, Suphakphaa orders a memorial to the failed invasion. The census ordered in 1426 counts 101,252 within the borders of the Kingdom of Assam. 
  • Ottoman Empire: The Sultan works on building schools across the Ottoman Empire and works on hiring people across the state. More Muslims are sent to the South and some Turks are sent to mix with the other Muslims in the areas. The army then is brought back to surround the city while the army tries to gain more troops to replace. With the loss of the city Murad goes into Ankara and works on his army and navy weaponry.
    • Serbia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 1000 more mosques - mostly in the South. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Serbian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas and to populate the area.
    • Wallachia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 800 more mosques - mostly in the South, and recruiting peasants for the army. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. The troops are ordered not to fire unless fired upon, the troops begin to work on defenses. The castle is now worked on by peasants. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Wallachian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas while they are recommended to then populate the area. The area is set up with defenses to stop the crusader army.
    • Epirus (Ottoman vassal): While the state begins to send aid to civilians after Sultan Mehmed is heard saying "Let the Christians, Jews and anyone get food ... so long as they stay with the state.
  • Mayapan: Continues the integration of the southern city-states into the League. Each new state is expected to supply men to train and serve in the national army. Expansion continues northward along the coast of the Nuchol Sea (OTL Gulf of Mexico). The council seeks to improve commerce and communication between the many settlements of the Yucatan by constructing and maintaining roads between them. Due to Emperor-King Iktan's initiative, work continues to renovate and update existing buildings, roads, and to create plans for future upkeep and renovations. Emperor-King Iktan decides to entertain the diplomat from Xallapan to engage in talks of an alliance.
  • Duchy of Milan and Savoy: With Milan undergoing a great architectural and art revival on its way to becoming one of the great cultral capitals of the known world. With the construction of the new nude statues in central Milan, the Duke decides he wishes to build a new cathedral overlooking Milan and so a group of architects, artists and nobles are assembled by the Duke to start producing designs for the new cathedral outside of Milan.
  • Genoa: Emotions run high after the annexation of Monteferrat. Ligurian continues to grow as the vernacular in Corsica and Monteferrat. The Bank of St. George and the Genovese arsneal continue to expand. Trade continue thrives with comerical dominace being achived in Granada, Greece, and Southern France. Investment and exploration of technological presusits begins with many engineers offered jobs within the Arsenal.
  • Kingdom of France: The ambitious King Louis XI continues to rule with the desire to further centralize the lands of France. The settlement of Chauleaux continues to be developed with the royal palace, a harbor, and farm. A small amount of Christian continue to settle in the area, but Muslims still represent the majority. This city also allows France to minimally access Abbasid trade routes, opening France more to the non-Christian world. Many French merchants begin to flock to and invest in the city. With funds from the Taille, Louis XI continues to create a small French navy. He continues building a Mediterranean fleet consisting of cogs and galleys, by no means a fighting force, but one that would be able to transport the French army throughout the Mediterranean. Hearing about the discovery of more islands to the west, Louis continues to fund research to find alternatives to Barques and Balingers to be able to more effectively explore and trade to Asia. The French military continues to improve as the crown also uses the Taille to buy early cannons from Italy and other places in Europe. France continues to improve its army with newer and up-to-date tactics and weapons. France continues to improve relations with his brother-in-law in Castile.
  • Order of Knights Hospitaller: A lot of effort is put into improving Cretan trade, with the island's Grand Prior putting money and manpower into improving the port of Candia.
  • Papal States: The Papal States continue to partake in their actions of strengthening back in Italy and abroad. More funds are generated and used to help finance the papal guards in Italy and Constantinople. With the generous offer of the Church rejected, the pope authorizes any agents loyal to God to bring about the end of the Hussite heresy, in particular calling upon Brandenburg, Burgundy, and the Teutonic Order. 
    • ​Constantinople: The occupation goes smoothly and the withdrawal of the Ottoman Sultan is a cause for joy amongst the peoples of the city. The previous Orthodox Patriarch is laid to rest while the Roman Emperor selects a new one who is more amenable to mending the Schism and accepting the pope's generous offer, which he promptly does. He then calls upon the other Orthodox churches to do likewise and join with the Catholics to defeat the Heathen threats that surround them.

1428

In the New World, the three cities of the Triple Alliance come together under a single political organization, later known as the Aztec Empire. The new state, although still small, shows its fighting prowess by defeating Azcapotzalco, a small local rival. 

The situation in southeastern Asia is getting worse, with riots in Khmer over the divide between the new faith and the traditional Buddhist and Hindu religions. One should note that some of these riots are taking place in Majapihit as well. 

Reconstruction in Korea takes place following the fire, with an immigrant Japanese architect named Togawa Akihiro rising in fame as an avid engineer. 

In Benin, a cadre of officers and priests, fearful for their lives and angry at the notion of the Prince-Regent running the country as opposed to an heir of the previous ruler, stage a rebellion within the core provinces and soon attract considerable support amongst the military and urban classes. Songhai, noticing the impending conflict, declares independence. 

Rumors abound in eastern Europe of a Slavic man who travels to gather the drink necessary to track down a famed and possibly mythical smith known only as "Dassler."

There is a new King of the Romans! Wenceslas V is crowned as such shortly after his election. He must now gain the support of the pope to be crowned Holy Roman Emperor. 

With the negotiations between the Church and the Hussites rejected, the Hussites have returned to violence, with a several large factions defecting to the church. Northern Germany is the region most affected by the renewed violence, while most of the Hussite presence in Bohemia has either returned to the fold or emigrated to join their north German comrades in arms. 

By the way, as Karl von Havel is taking the role of the OTL General Jan Ziska, he is now elevated to a Great General at this point. Enjoy! >:)

Except there's no reason for them to fight. The Catholic Church has offered them exactly what they wanted, only twenty years earlier. They're receiving no outside assistance whereas in OTL they had all of Poland and Lithuania supporting them, which is not the case ATL. What more are they going to get by fighting on? They're rebels without a cause, their demands have been accepted, yet they decide to fight anyway. At this point, it looks like someone's saying "let's keep this going. Why? You know, just because." If the mods really want this war to continue, then Havel should suffer major defections due to him rejecting the very peace terms the Hussites demanded, his lieutenants should see he's just a power-hungry maniac with no care for the faith. They should leave, and his troops should desert en masse, because why would their commander reject what they wanted? If that doesn't happen, then it's clear the mods just want this to carry on for no reason, so that goes on for another fifteen, twenty years until we end up with the same resolution we would have if we ended it here. -Guy
I completely agree with Guy on this one. The concessions granted by the Church TTL seem to me to be almost a simple reiteration of the Articles of Berlin/Prague. This is looking more like a plot arc devised by the mods than a true and plausible reaction to player actions, in my opinon. And that's not an accusation, I'm just saying how it could be seen. Callumthered (talk) 08:46, August 14, 2016 (UTC)  
As you wish, I'll change the mod event this turn and could one of you two make a treaty page so the terms could be easily accessible? SkyGreen24 08:48, August 14, 2016 (UTC)
Treaty page is here, containing all the demands and concessions for your viewing pleasure. Callumthered (talk) 11:08, August 14, 2016 (UTC)
  • The Gurkani Sultanate: Amir Shahrukh Mirza was proclaimed as the Sultan of the Sultanate, starting a new era under his rule. The Gurkani population rose to about 52 million with the people flocking to cities like Herat, Isfahan, Merv, Aktau, Samarkand and Iskenderun; primarily due to their strategic position in the spice trade. The military was primarily composed of medium-to-heavy cavalry, composite bow, lance, mace, and sword. Heavy cavalrymen wore plated chain mail or metal lamellar armor, with their horses also wearing leather or metal lamellar barding. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and elephants as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Cannons were constructed to serve as siege weaponry whilst experimental muskets were beginning to be developed. Naval bases were established at Iskenderun, Trabzon and Gamrun to establish the presence of the Gurkani fleet in the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and the Persian Gulf respectively, keen on controlling the sudden surge in piracy. The Gurkani Navy developed galleys and carracks to augment the smaller patrol fleets. Agriculture and commerce were at the Sultanates forepoint, with wheat, rice and barley being amongst the largest produced crops. Fishery was promoted as well as it helped in sustaining the fishery villages that were present along the coast, as well as the major port cities of Iskenderun, Basra, Gamrun, Aktau and Trabzon. The Sultanate mined large amounts of silver and gold, to serve as currency as well as ornaments and jewellery. Importance was also given on the development of proper roads for the merchants utilizing the trade routes through the Sultanate. Meanwhile, the Sultanate continued to expand its territories into the Crimean Peninsula, Caucasus and toward Siberia. To increase unity amongst the people, the administration continued promote Persian and Chagatai as the two official languages in the Sultanate. The Sultan disregarded most of other minor languages as he saw no need to appease the minorities, hoping that they would eventually be forced to integrate themselves into the majority. The only exceptions to this rule included Arabic and Greek spoken in Jalayirid and Trabzon territories respectively. 
    • Jalayirid Sultanate: Sultana Rukhsana Daula continued her reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, she would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at Iskenderun where the Jalayirid fleet was also situated. Jalayirid authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at İskenderun, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Jalayirid Sultana, Rukhsana Daula would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Mediterranean port of İskenderun to his Persian Gulf port of Basra, hoping to make it much more advanced and efficient. Rukhsana Daula, Shahrukh's daughter continued her control over the Sultanate as the Queen Regent, strengthening ties with the Gurkani Sultanate. 
    • Khedivate of Trabzon: Amir Alexios IV Komnenos continued his reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, he would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at the city of Trabzon, where the Trabzon fleet was also situated. Trabzoni authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at Trabzon, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Trabzon Amir, Alexios IV Komnenos would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Black Sea port of Trabzon, connecting it to the city of Tabriz, hoping to make the spice trade routes much more advanced and efficient.
  • The Bahmanids, in an attempt to indirectly strike at Delhi's power, declare a blockade of Delhi's vassal, Gujarat, demanding that it end its vassalage to Delhi. Sixty Bahmanid ships are sent with orders to capture all Gujarati ships, and redirect all those with goods for Gujarat or Delhi to Bahmanid ports, to sell their goods there. (Plausibility note: I'm not putting ships along the whole coast, just cutting off major ports and estuaries, effectively preventing deep-draft vessels from entering Gujarat. I believe Genoa did something similar to Venice during the War of Choggia.) Privateers are encouraged to attack Gujarati ships. The Bahmanids request that our allies, Mogadishu and the Gurkanis, send as many ships as possible to make the blockade stronger. (MOD RESPONSES NEEDED FOR WHAT DELHI, GUJARAT AND OMAN DO.)
    • OOC to Rimp: You might want to keep most of your navy at home, as Oman will back Delhi if it comes to war.
    • When did Gujarat become a vassal of Delhi? I do not remember writing this. Scraw
    • It's the sixth mod event for 1420. ~The Guardian
    • Whoops, I mistook Gajrat for Gujarat. Completely my fault. I'm going to retcon this post and write a new one for this year:
  • Hoping to seize the rich Omani trade in India for themselves, the Bahmanids invade Gujarat with 180,000 men. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED FOR ANY ACTION OMAN TAKES IN RESPONSE.)
  • Oman does nothing. Trade is trade and they are more than happy to trade with Gujarat when it is under Bahmanid control.
  • In Aragon, the Royal Armada continues to grow, and currently has 190 ships in active service. It is projected that there will be 200 military vessels flying the Royal Banner by next year. Research continues into new heavy-ship designs, as well as "hand cannons" and more advanced artillery. We reiterate our proposal to our ally Castile to share our technology with their military. Tragedy strikes the Royal Family in July of this year when Crown Prince Ferdinand suddenly falls ill and dies at the age of six. The much-beloved boy was very dear to both his parents, and the King demands to know what brutal illness stole his son from him; the Queen is in pieces from the Crown Prince's death. A week of mourning is declared across the nation, and foreign dignitaries from Castile, France and Italy are invited to the funeral; the King asks the Holy See to send representatives to Zarazoga for the ceremony. As the King has no other sons, Princess Arianne is now the heir presumptive to the throne of Aragon.
    • Albert Grimaldi of the House of Grimaldi offers to buy the island of Sant'Antioco and Carloforte for 200 pounds of Gold
    • Aragonese Diplomacy: We accept the Genoese offer, and begin withdrawing from the islands after receiving the gold.
  • Kuzir Empire: Having expected to face resistance from the rebellious elements of the clergy and warriors, Prince-Regent Uwaifiokun, Iyase Ezeani, Mohammed Benkan, and Okpara Maduka have drawn up contingencies against the rebels, and their powerbase in Songhai. The call goes out to the warrior caste to prove their loyalty to the Oba and the Prince-Regent, and tens of thousands answer the call. Refusing to allow the legacy of Ewuare to be destroyed by a few selfish rebels, the loyalists rise to the challenge presented by the rebel forces, which immediately attempt to conquer the capital city of Edo. Drawing the rebels into the thick jungles of the region, the loyalists seek to fight on their own terms, and allow the traitors to march to their deaths. Iyase Ezeani prepares the defenses of the capital, while Mohammed Benkan leads the loyalist forces in battle to preserve the realm of the man who spared his life so many years ago. The loyalists use this time as the best opportunity to test the cannons of Dari Abubakar in actual combat. Across the realm, attempts to divide the attention of the rebels by the citizens are made, with roads blocked and wells poisoned to prevent the traitor warriors from gaining ground outside of the capital region. In Songhai, the loyalists continue to fight on against the few Muslim lords left in the region, striking from their fortified odi in the the territory. Merchants refuse to sell their goods to the traitors, and commoners refuse to serve as porters, even in the face of death. Their loyalty to the rightful regent of the land has proven stronger than their fear of the warriors they are faced with. Incursions into the lands of old Songhai are made by the loyalists, though most of the fighting takes place within the city centers of Timbuktu and Gao, where the loyalists still have a presence. Uwaifiokun is adamant that the loyalists shall prevail, and punish those responsible for sowing discord within the lands of the Kuzir Empire.
  • Kingdom of France: The ambitious King Louis XI continues to rule with the desire to further centralize the lands of France. Louis XI sends a proposal to the lone Duchess of Lorraine, twenty-eight year old Isabella of Châtenois, to marry his twelve year old son, Charles de Valois, also offering an alliance to the budding Duchy. (MOD RESPONSE) The settlement of Chauleaux continues to be developed with the royal palace, a harbor, and farm. A small amount of Christian continue to settle in the area, but Muslims still represent the majority. This city also allows France to minimally access Abbasid trade routes, opening France more to the non-Christian world. Many French merchants begin to flock to and invest in the city. With funds from the Taille, Louis XI continues to create a small French navy. He continues building a small Mediterranean fleet consisting of cogs and galleys, by no means a fighting force, but one that would be able to transport the French army throughout the Mediterranean. Hearing about the discovery of more islands to the west, Louis continues to fund research to find alternatives to Barques and Balingers to be able to more effectively explore and trade to Asia. The French military continues to improve as the crown also uses the Taille to buy early cannons from Italy and other places in Europe. France continues to improve its army with newer and up-to-date tactics and weapons. France continues to improve relations with his brother-in-law in Castile. Louis XI offers the King of Aragon, two hundred thousand livre (or a large amount of the French treasury that would not cause bankruptcy) to purchase the fief of Roussillon.
  • Accepted ~Sky
  • Order of Knights Hospitaller: More pious (or adventure-seeking) married men join the Order as Knights or Sergeants Tertiary, and many move to Crete to take up a position. The funds from trade taxes go to improving both islands' defences, and increasing the navy.
  • Chimu Empire: The Empire expands eastward still in order to surround the state of Quzco and the surrounding areas. The Chimu continues amassing a large military force west of the Quzco border and out of range of their scouts. Mortar and limestone defenses continue construction, strengthening the empire as a whole as the fortifications has lead to the formation of a major city in its own right, heavily fortified and populated by families and sellers looking to make profit as well as settlers flowing in from the east. The population of the Chimu Empire and its allies reaches 4.5 million people. In order to strike out the issue of the Quzco and secure the domination of the Chimu Crown and the continuation of the empire throughout the region, the Chimu Empire declares war on the Quzco, with the Chancay and Ica-Nazca joining in the fight against the Quzco, sending troops to join the conflict, with catapults and fortifications providing a definite edge against the Quzco forces, with the crude catapults severely damaging the enemy armies.
  • Ica-Nazca: The Ica-Nazca continues to expand eastward in order to aid their Chimu protectors in the upcoming conflict. Troops are sent to aid the Chimu against the Quzco.
  • Chancay State: Work continues on the military, although with Chimu and Ica-Nazca help, continues to develop Kite Ships, finally perfecting the rudder, and the first steering mechanism tied by ropes through the ships. The Kite Ships are able to go incredibly fast in comparison to land travel, allowing Chancay and Chimu traders and explorers to sail south and north along the coast exploring there continent, with the Chancay establishing a small fort and base near the Great Bay (OTL Ecuadorian coast). Troops are sent to aid the Chimu against the Quzco.
  • Mogadishu: The nation's income continues to grow, both from increased tariffs and from the Royal Trade Fleet. Our manufacturers expand and make more money. We further expand toward the Jubba River, as canals, dikes and ditches are being built. The land surrounding the Jubba-Shebelle Rivers become more fertile. 10,000 local tribesman and foreign settlers became citizens of our nation last year due to our policies of land reclamation and immigration attraction. We begin to build guns and cannons using the blast furnaces China had given us. With the conquest of Mtwara, we begin to quell rebel sentiments in the area, while sending search parties to find rumored mines in the region.
  • Tondo: In an attempt to unite the peoples of Tondo during this time of crisis, declares a war of conquest on Confederation of Madja-as, assining 120 ships and 12,000 men to this effort. Despite the populace's answer to the call of war, the Rajah remains unpopular due to his relationship with the Japanese. Continues to expand south, and sends 6000 settlers to Samar Island across the narrow strait to claim it in the name of Tondo. 12 blast furnaces around the capital are built to augment the increasing iron and metalurgy industries of Tondo and paved roads to and from Maynila are built to connect the Kingdom together. Rajah Gamgang starts to consolidate his power in the capital and orders all political opponents to be a part of the settling process enacted upon Tondo in the nearby islands, primarily to keep them away from seizing or threatening his power. Massive naval expansion in the regard of trade ships and naval craft commence, as Rajah Gambang, fearful of the Japanese ships that escort the tributary vessels heading to Japan, orders the construction and study of these war junks, as the Chinese call them. The fishing fleet expands to 500 boats, while small warships capable of fighting in rivers are increased in number. Five war junks are to be constructed within the year. The first public aklatan (library) opens in Central Maynila to further spread the knowledge gained by the Kingdom. Smaller libraries are planned to be built in Maynila, Kawit and Tacloban Military personnel stands at 28,000 active troops across southern Luzon and 52,000 additional men ready to be conscripted to defend the state. They are armed with swords, shields and armor made from the blast furnaces. Roads in and round Maynila are built, and a town in the south, Kawit, is experiencing rapid population growth as fertile farmlands attract settlers there, along with abundant deposits of minerals in the area. This prompts the Council of Kawit (Kataas-taasang Lupon ng Kawit) to petition Rajah Gambang for a road that connects Kawit to Maynila, thereby attracting more and more settlers. Diyang Kalangitan orders a group of 15 scouts, 50 soldiers and 75 civilians to establish a trading post in northeastern Palawan and another party consisting of 50 soldiers and 50 civilians to settle in Busuanga island. Diyang Kalangitan, after hearing reports of the failed Japanese invasion of Korea, begins to spread further anti-Japanese rhetoric, stating that: "Losing to a protectorate, and you expect the Japanese Empire to protect us? Korea was thought to be a fraction of Japan's might, and yet here we see Japan thrashed by Korea. This is not our protector. Do not blind yourselves, for the rising sun has started to set." Rajah Gambang, fearful of the dissent caused by Kalangitan and the power base she has built up in rural Tondo, Ma-I, portions of Pangasinan, orders the defense of Japanese nationals within Maynila.
  • Ma-I: Li Han is consolidated as all of the government functions of Ma-I are moved to the city. Walls are built around it. Under the regency council and Queen Kalangitan, a re-organization of Ma-I infrastructure and society commences. Ma-I will still pay its tribute to the Ming, but Tondo holds nominal control over foreign affairs and other things such as protection. The largest settlement in the area is named Li Han, after the first Huang of Ma-I. A port town in northern Ma-I, Beigang, is developed upon by expanding the port facilities, paving roads, and introducing two blast furnaces in the port. Diyang Kalangitan, after hearing reports of the failed Japanese invasion of Korea, begins to spread further anti-Japanese rhetoric, stating that: "Losing to a protectorate, and you expect the Japanese Empire to protect us? Korea was thought to be a fraction of Japan's might, and yet here we see Japan thrashed by Korea. This is not our protector. Do not blind yourselves, for the rising sun has started to set." Rajah Gambang, fearful of the dissent caused by Kalangitan and the power base she has built up in rural Tondo, Ma-I, portions of Pangasinan, orders the defense of Japanese nationals within Maynila.
  • Pangasinan: Following the Tondo model, Pangasinan is subdivided into multiple areas assigned into Councils of 50 members each. Rajah Gamabang is recognized as the Huang, although Liyu is still recognized as the honorary Huang. Pangasinan thrives as the center of economic activity in the city as blast furnaces supply metals of various types and uses to the people, with 15% of all output to be handed over to Tondo. A major road from Pangasinan to Maynila begins construction.
  • Cologne: Finally, after five years, Archbishop Dietrich II is able to come to an agreement with Karl von Havel! Given that the Pope has already expressed his assent, Dietrich II concludes the deal with Karl von Havel, calling it the Concord of Luxembourg. At the end of the year, he returns to Cologne triumphant. He retains the name “Dietrich the Patient" but prefers to title himself “Dietrich the Peacemaker”. The latter is much less catchy and doesn’t stick.
    • Essen: When news of the Concord of Luxembourg makes its way to Essen with the returning Prioress, Abbess Margarete and the canonesses are overjoyed. With this further support of the Adelphinian Reforms quite evident, Margarete decides to travel personally to Berg, Mark and Julich to ask once again if they would be willing to establish a Court of Discipline in the Church in their state in order to keep up with their (now surely very impatient) people’s demands. [MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE]

(OOC: Please see the previous two Essen posts for explanation, though all these reform things are explained in all the Essen posts since 1400. Also, I’m super busy IRL at the moment, but Callumthered will most likely be able to answer questions on my behalf if I'm not available.)

  • Totonacapan: We expand to the south building fortresses and towns to keep the new areas under our control. Our elder council is reorganized to equally include both Xallapan and Papantla elders proportionally, in order to represent better both cities of our realm, although as Xallapan is twice the size of Papantla, Xallapan elders still remain the majority of our elder council. King Tepictoton orders a second expedition of 1000 of our bravest and fierce men along with a diplomatic envoy to go south and explore the lands there, seeking potential allies and trade. Within weeks they cross the Mayan territory and travel south, by the end of the year they reach the Chimu Empire. Our diplomats in Mayapan offers Emperor-King Iktan several chests of gold and diamonds for an alliance. We ask Cempoala to accept King Tepictoton as their King and join our nation as we are both Totonacs, offering them many chests of gold and diamonds, offering also to help them build walls to protect their great city, same design with the Xallapan and Papantla walls, as well as equal representation in the elder council, threatening them with war otherwise. [MOD RESPONSE]
    • Cempoala would prefer to ally at first until Tepictoton proves himself to be a worthy king.
    • You can not contact South America at this time. -Nate
    • King Tepictoton agrees to an alliance with Cempoala, although he continues to pressure Cempoala into a union to gain said concessions offered.
  • Duchy of Thuringen: The city guard continues to defend the capital city of Erfurt. Our military grows by adding more recruits each year. A large scale wall with scouting towers is now done being built around the capital Erfurt. A national bank is now done being built within the capital. We continue to trade again with our neighboring states. Farming goes well in our nation this year. The healthy population continues to increase by 3% each year. Karsten's improvement in the training area is continuing to show off. We close off our eastern borders, because the Hussites are still being violent. Frederick asks Wenceslas V if the nation of Thuringen can be an elector state and demand if we can have Meissen and Hesse as vassals.
  • Sweden: We offer Denmark a peace offer. Eric's heiress will marry Gustav, my second son. As a dowry, Blekinge will be given to Sweden. We continue to reinforce our garrisons - most especially Viborg.
  • The Kingdom of England: As the English armies continue to advance and push forward. The socttish armies begin to become overwhelmed by the spread armies of England, and now as the English armies begin to centralize and start besieging Edinburgh, the English navy begins to push in from the sea. The Danish forces conjoin with their English allies and begin engaging head on against the Scottish forces, Regiments of English longbowmen begin raining fire on Scottish towns. Welsh and Irish raiders pillage Scottish coastal cities and England increases its military and economy. England sends more military forces to Denmark, and urges them to make peace with Sweden. England sends representatives to France to talk of peace.
    • ​Wales: Wales sends military and economic support to England in their war against Scotland. Wales continues centralizing into England. King Henry V sees the promise in Wales and begins investing industry and military fortifications into the area.
    • Dublin: Is raiding the Scottish coastlines and splits their combined Irish-Welsh navy among the Kingdom Isles and the Southern English channel. Dublin increases their navy and military.
      • OOC: Mods agreed on a peace deal with me more than ten turns ago due to your inactivity at the time. (Treaty of Cherbourg)
  • Iroquois Confederacy: With the Iroquois population reaching almost 25,000 people, Chief Notaku begins preparation for a massive urban development project to better accommodate his tribe and any future Iroquois. The first step in this project is to plot all main trails used by traders and have them widened. Forts are also built along the main water ways, some extending past Iroquois lands, to better defend the trade routes and give shelter to traders. Border patrols are also increased due to the influx of trade and people wishing to move to the Iroquois lands. Stone slowly becomes a common building material, first being used in our walls for years and not in housing. Longhouses shift from being used as housing and a communal area to just a place for meeting.
  • Ottoman Empire: The Sultan works to build schools across the Ottoman Empire and works on hiring people across the state. More Muslims are sent to the South and some Turks are sent to mix with the other Muslims in the areas. The army then is brought back to surround the city while the army tries to gain more troops to replace. With the loss of the city Murad goes into Ankara and works on his army and navy weaponry. The Sultan then begins to work on trading with the Thrimids and te Caliphate.
    • Serbia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 1000 more mosques - mostly in the South. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Serbian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas and to populate the area.
    • Wallachia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 800 more mosques - mostly in the South, and recruiting peasants for the army. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. The troops are ordered not to fire unless fired upon, the troops begin to work on defenses. The castle is now worked on by peasants. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Wallachian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas while they are recommended to then populate the area. The area is set up with defenses to stop the crusader army.
    • Epirus (Ottoman vassal): While the state begins to send aid to civilians after Sultan Mehmed is heard saying "Let the Christians, Jews and anyone get food ... so long as they stay with the state.
  • The Wichita Confederation: Copies the actions of the Iroquois, and begins urbanisation of villages. Maps are drawn showing the major geological features, large hunting and trading trails, villages, holy sites, rivers, and monuments. Stone is used tentatively in the walls of Wichita at first, but grows in popularity over time with all villages having several stone buildings come winter. Buildings begin to have more purposes than simple housing. Using irrigation concepts, we create a moat that circles Wichita outside the walls. **We create kilns in Wichita and introduce pottery as both a career and a trade good. We offer Cahokia membership into the Wichita Confederation. (MOD RESPONSE)
    • ​Cahokia refuses to be a part of the Wichita.
    • What are you drawing your maps on? -Nate
    • I haven't posted any of my maps, but I use Microsoft Paint. -Kaiser
  • Genoa: Ligurian continues to expand in Corsica and Monteferrat. Genovese arsenal and Bank of St. George continue to expand. Trade in Morocco experiences many goods from places such as Mali and Benin.
  • Eric of Pomerania, King of Denmark: I return from my long absence where I have reflected in peace in the mountains and I return with the news that Sweden is once again at war with Denmark. I am enraged, and I want to invade Sweden for their unending treachory, but I realize upon the counsel of my brother-in-law, Henry V, that the Danish Army is not in a position to engage in an offensive war right now. Sweden has lost against us in 1419 in the Second Battle of Skane and is in no position to make demands, I shall make a white peace, however. I return to Copenhagen in glorious celebration and it is rebuilt but I continue its expansion, especially the University of Copenhagen. I embrace my wife Queen Phillipa of England and my daughter Crown Princess Emma of Denmark. In case Sweden does not accept our peace offer, I assemble 6000 troops on the Danish-Swedish border to prepare for an invasion of Sweden.
  • Papal States: The Papal States continues their efforts to sustain themselves as well as govern over the newly unified church in its totality. Provisions are made to accompany the joined members and make them assured that their faith in joining the Roman Catholic Church once more will bring them nothing but benefit.
    • In Constantinople, efforts are made to rebuild the city and man its defenses. The unified church makes the administration of those affairs considerably easier.
  • Duchy of Naxos: We consolidate our gains in Epirus. We hire the Navarrese Company to help in our invasion, gaining 1000 soldiers (500 cavalry archers and 500 lances). We continue the Invasion of Epirus, attempting to defend our northern border and invade the southern front, attacking at Agrinio. 300 soldiers defend the northern front as 500 men attack the southern provinces. Duke John II Crispo asks for the hand of Joanna II of Naples (MOD).

1429

A group of whalers from Noway spots the Island known OTL as Svalbard.

Many in Europe take their first mass following the successful unification of the Orthodox and Hussite churches with the main Roman Catholic church. While this is something to be celebrated, it  should be noted that not all regard these actions as good. 

Many in the Korean capital begin to marvel at Togawa Akihiro's new structures, and hope to emulate it across the peninsula as time moves forward.

A diplomatic spat occurs in the New World, as several groups of Crow skirmishers lay waste to outlying Wichita villages.

In the wake of Songhai's independence, a prominent local named Sonni Ali gains power. A great military strategist and politician, he soon regains the allegiance of Songhai's people as well as the the Berber tribes and Muslim caravans of the southern Sahara, bolstering his control.

  • The Gurkani Sultanate: Amir Shahrukh Mirza was proclaimed as the Sultan of the Sultanate, starting a new era under his rule. The Gurkani population rose to about 52 million with the people flocking to cities like Herat, Isfahan, Merv, Aktau, Samarkand and Iskenderun; primarily due to their strategic position in the spice trade. The military was primarily composed of medium-to-heavy cavalry, composite bow, lance, mace, and sword. Heavy cavalrymen wore plated chain mail or metal lamellar armor, with their horses also wearing leather or metal lamellar barding. The infantry was equipped with daggers and swords to be utilised in close combat against the enemy and elephants as well as carts were used for the transportation of supplies. Cannons were constructed to serve as siege weaponry whilst experimental muskets were beginning to be developed. Naval bases were established at Iskenderun, Trabzon and Gamrun to establish the presence of the Gurkani fleet in the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and the Persian Gulf respectively, keen on controlling the sudden surge in piracy. The Gurkani Navy developed galleys and carracks to augment the smaller patrol fleets. Agriculture and commerce were at the Sultanates forepoint, with wheat, rice and barley being amongst the largest produced crops. Fishery was promoted as well as it helped in sustaining the fishery villages that were present along the coast, as well as the major port cities of Iskenderun, Basra, Gamrun, Aktau and Trabzon. The Sultanate mined large amounts of silver and gold, to serve as currency as well as ornaments and jewellery. Importance was also given on the development of proper roads for the merchants utilizing the trade routes through the Sultanate. Meanwhile, the Sultanate continued to expand its territories into the Crimean Peninsula, Caucasus and toward Siberia. To increase unity amongst the people, the administration continued promote Persian and Chagatai as the two official languages in the Sultanate. The Sultan disregarded most of other minor languages as he saw no need to appease the minorities, hoping that they would eventually be forced to integrate themselves into the majority. The only exceptions to this rule included Arabic and Greek spoken in Jalayirid and Trabzon territories respectively. 
    • Jalayirid Sultanate: Sultana Rukhsana Daula continued her reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, she would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at Iskenderun where the Jalayirid fleet was also situated. Jalayirid authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at İskenderun, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Jalayirid Sultana, Rukhsana Daula would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Mediterranean port of İskenderun to his Persian Gulf port of Basra, hoping to make it much more advanced and efficient. Rukhsana Daula, Shahrukh's daughter continued her control over the Sultanate as the Queen Regent, strengthening ties with the Gurkani Sultanate. 
    • Khedivate of Trabzon: Amir Alexios IV Komnenos continued his reign over the Sultanate. Acting as a vassal to the Gurkani Sultanate, he would only be answerable to the Gurkani Amir. The military and the navy were developed along the same lines as their Gurkani counterparts, with a major naval base constructed at the city of Trabzon, where the Trabzon fleet was also situated. Trabzoni authorities continue to work on the construction of a fleet at Trabzon, working side by side with Castilian authorities. The Trabzon Amir, Alexios IV Komnenos would continue to develop the trade route leading from his Black Sea port of Trabzon, connecting it to the city of Tabriz, hoping to make the spice trade routes much more advanced and efficient.
  • Duchy of Burgundy: with the end of the Hussite war with the signing of the Concord of Luxembourg, Duke Philip finally returns home. His first order of business is his official coronation as Duke of Burgundy and the assorted other titles. Second, seeing the financial situation of the count of Namur, John III, who had amounted considerable debt with his luxurious expenses (as he did OTL), Duke Philip offers money to help John pay off his debts if, in return, John III abdicates as Count of Namur in favor of Philip (as what happened OTL) (Mod response please). In naval news, Admiral John de Luxembourg officially moves the Burgundian Navy's headquarters to Amsterdam, and secures funding to expand the shipyards of that city. Meanwhile, de Luxembourg, having experienced the firepower of cannons against the Hollander, Danish, and Pomeranian navies, he authorizes their use on a greater number of warships. Outside the military, the merchant companies continue to grow thanks to Ducal encouragement.
    • Although reluctant, the finances of Count John III force him to abdicate in favour of Duke Philip
  • Aragon continues to concentrate on expanding her Royal Armada, growing to a total ship count of 225. Shipbuilding continues to gradually accelerate, and thanks to the many shipyards across the Union, much of our urban population is engaged in the weapons and shipbuilding industries. The King announces that his Queen has given birth to their fourth child. The girl has been named Princess Isabella, and is currently third in line to the throne of Aragon. Research, meanwhile, continues into the heavy ships, and a design has been concluded. This new heavy vessel, which we have named the Bricbarca, will possess four masts. The two mainmasts will be rigged square, whilst the foremast and mizzenmast will be rigged fore-and-aft. Standard Bricbarcas will be armed with 20 cannons each. Research also proceeds with improving our cannon designs. We reiterate our offer to Castile to sell our caravel and cannon designs to them for 50 pounds of gold. The King also announces to the Royal Council in August that the Two Sicilies shall become one again. Surveillance vessels posing as fishing boats are deployed to sneak past the Neapolitan coast and collect strategic and tactical information, in preparation for a possible invasion of Naples. We ask Castile to assist us in our effort to expand our domain.
  • Chimu Empire: With the major victory of the state of Quzco, the enemy crown is killed as are all his heirs. Quzco is annexed into the Chimu Empire, and a delegation of Chancay and Ica-Nazca representatives, present at the final victory, see the power and strength of the Empire. They ask to join the Empire as full citizens of the Chimu Empire, and after a quick meeting with the Emperor Waka Tona, the petitions are accepted, uniting the Ica-Nazca and the Chancay under the banner of the Chimu Empire. Expansion toward the Lima Valley continues, effectivley absorbing the region into the Empire, while further expansion to the south and east continue in full force. The former Chancay project of designing Kite Ships continues, with the first ship being able to sail about 50 km off the coast of the Empire and make it back safely and without damage. The Emperor orders construction and improvement of more Kite Ships in order to explore the coasts of the world and make new friends and trading partners. The First three ships completed are named the HCS Ica, the HCS Nazca, and the HCS Chancay, all three in a squadron sail north west of search of new lands, landing in the Ica Isles, OTL Galapagos Islands, and establish a fort on the main island.
  • Kuzir Empire: After crushing the rebels in Benin's heartlands, Prince-Regent Uwaifiokun, Iyase Ezeani, and Mohammed Benkan march on Songhai with the intention of dragging it back into the empire. Having heard of this Sonni Ali, the regent and his cohorts march onto Songhai with the aim of showing that Songhai no longer speaks its own voice, but answers to Benin, and only to Benin. Kuzir subjects are liberated from the rule for the Songhai, who have been especially cruel to them seeking revenge for their conquest in 1418. Though Uwaifiokun was keen to have the Kuzir rebels in Benin punished according to the rule of law outlined in the Nla Ilana, the Songhai being mostly Muslim, are shown no such mercy and are slain wherever they are found. The Mossi and Tuareg are quick to come to the aid of the Kuzir, seeking revenge for the hardships they suffered under not one, but two successive invasions of their lands by the Songhai. Soon enough, the cities of Gao and Timbuktu are reconquered by the Kuzir warriors, and the Bini inhabitants liberated. Sonni Ali himself attempts to flee into the desert, but is captured by the Kuzir warriors, and brought before Uwaifiokun, Ezeani, and Benken for sentencing. Like his brother, Uwaifiokun sees the potential in Sonni Ali and offers him a place by his side. However, Ali refuses and reaffirms his commitment to Songhai. Seeking to break his will, Ali is transferred to the deepest levels of the Nla Odi citadel in Edo, where he shall languish until he recognizes the authority of Benin. Back in Songhai, Uwaifiokun exploits the gains made by Sonni Ali to invade and incorporate the lands Songhai expanded into and conquers the Berber peoples. The male population is slaughtered by the warriors of the Kuzir Empire, and the women and children spread about as loot for the victors. Mosques are burnt to the ground, and those who refuse to acknowledge the new order are slain. The Bini-Tuareg-Mossi forces march across the conquered territories, and lay waste to local population, though, being mindful not to completely deplete the land of its people. All boys over the age of eight are killed, and any individual over the age of fifty is killed to destroy any link with Songhai's past history. With all relevant information having already been copied under Ewuare's reign, Uwaifiokun has the libraries of Songhai razed to the ground, and the oral lorists cut down. Half a million Songhai are murdered by the vengeful allies, and their families handed out as rewards. Back home, the rebel clergy and warriors who attempted to overthrow the prince-regent are slaughtered by the commoners without Uwaifiokun's permission. To his shock, the 14-year old heir to the throne, Kayin, gave the order to have the rebels, acquitted of their actions by Uwaifiokun, executed by the people. Though infuriated with the act, Uwaifiokun can not help but be pleased by the young boy's sense of justice and righteous indignation toward those who would violate the laws set down by his father. With Sonni Ali locked away, the Songhai and Berber peoples decimated, and the lands of Songhai and its alliances conquered, the empire looks toward a true peace that it can prosper from. Thankfully, most of the infrastructure such as roads and canals were undamaged, and most of the major cities were given up by the rebels before the Kuzir warriors attacked, leaving them mostly unscarred. However, the subjects can not help but feel that some foreign power was responsible for the woes of the empire in the last few years, from the death of the Oba, to the uprising in Edo, to the full-blown rebellion in Songhai. Until the culprit can be discovered, the Kuzir and their allies return to their homes victorious. With many new lands conquered and the locals having been scattered, the open fields are auctioned off by the Kuzir clergy to Yoruba, Tuareg, and Mossi people, and the land drastically altered demographically. The Kuzir population is resettled by the government into many areas across the empire, while the Songhai are broken up into tiny groups, and forbidden from moving out of their ghettos on pain of death. Forced conversions are made on the few men not sold into slavery, and the Songhai women and girls are simply "used" as a means of producing more Kuzir, powerless to resist their warrior husbands or their vindictive yet devout Kuzir wives. Following the war, the term "Kuzir" has grown to become more than just a name for Yoruba following Kuzirism, but a name for all adherents, be they Yoruba, Igbo, Mossi, Tuareg, Akan, or even Songhai. Many of the Songhai children indoctrinated into the faith from an early age, no longer speak Songhai, but speak Yoruba and live with Kuzir fathers whom they view as blood relatives. Kuzir are encouraged to have more children thanks to the increase in fresh lands, and the bolstered by the year's good harvest, ironically in the wake of war, leading many to view it as a blessing from God. Uwaifiokun calls the uzama and the war council together for a special meeting on the future of the empire, and what to do about the issue of Benin's recent maledictions.
  • Iroquois Confederacy: With the threat of a rival tribe attacking ever looming, Chief Notaku reorganizes his braves into a more unified fighting force. Units are formed consisting of 11 men each. Four archers and four skirmishers, two men, each with twp dogs, and a commander, who would fight primarily as a skirmisher. Two of these units are assigned to a fort, each able to scout for miles in either any direction and defend long enough to get a runner out to a village which holds no less than of 50 braves, ready to drop work and fight off any invaders. Chief Notaku also implements the fighting dogs from the Wichita, with four dogs accompanying each unit of braves. Additionally, Notaku reorganizes the army for larger conflicts. Shields are interlocked and spears thrust forward, creating a wall. Two rows of archers would form loosely behind with skirmishers; armed with tomahawks and bucklers, to support the spearmen and perform flanking maneuvers. Lastly, a vanguard, the most veteran braves, all armed with gunstock war clubs (hardwood club with flint blade/spearhead) would protect the rear. The system takes hold quickly, with every brave already comfortable with his entire arsenal. In the summer, the expedition party that was sent north returns with less than half of the original 50 braves and only three dogs. Contact has been made with the Beothuk people and potential trade routes opening throughout the St. Lawrence region. The groups leader, Inali, returns to Nowadaga and tells Notaku of the strange ruins (Vikings from around 1000 AD. More ruins recently discovered OTL) found by his party. Iron blades and tools, never before seen by the Iroquois are brought back. These tools, and all other knowledge brought back to the Confederacy is studied by the elders and craftsmen.
  • Cologne: As promised in the Concord of Luxembourg, this year Dietrich II holds a meeting with three main Hussite leaders, including Karl von Havel, calling it the Dietrich Council [MODS: If the Hussites have any issues, please bring it up at these councils when they are held every ten years]. Meanwhile, Dietrich II sends a letter to Cologne’s trading partners – Sweden, Brandenburg, Holland and Hamburg- and implores them, under the terms of the Concord of Luxembourg, to establish a Court of Discipline in the church in their countries in order to keep peace with the Hussites.
    • Essen: Abbess Margarete waits in Berg, Mark and Julich for a response to the requests from the previous three years. [MOD RESPONSE PLEASE] She makes it clear that, after the Concord of Luxembourg, Courts of Discipline should be established in order to avoid conflict with Hussites internally in each state. Meanwhile, Prioress Hildegard begins investigations into Essen’s capacity to become a centre for reform. The school prospers and begins to create learned graduates and many learned young canonesses regular who immediately join Essen Abbey.
    • Berg Mark and Julich all accept the Adelphinian Reforms although memebers of clergy are in general discontent with accepting the "heretics" -Sky
  • The Wichita Confederacy outraged by the Crow raids mobilizes and reorganizes the military. Units of 21 men and eight dogs are formed. ten skirmishers, five archers, four doghandlers, and one commander. All border villages and forts contain two units of men at least. For larger conflicts Four regiments are formed. Two in the northern Blackfoot territory and two south in the main Wichita territory. In each Regiment there are three lines of 150 men that make up a Vanguard shield wall with spears thrust forward. On either flank there are 100 skirmishers armed with hide bucklers and a hardwood club or tomahawk. Behind the Vanguard there are another 250 skirmishers followed by 200 archers with a melee weapon of choice. The regiments are placed on the border housed in new stone fortresses. We offer the Crow an ultimatum. They must pay reparations, rebuild the destroyed villages, kill every one of the raiders, or face the might of the Iroquois and Wichita Confederacies. (MOD RESPONSE) Quarries are made in OTL Oklahoma. Due to some petitioning by a former war veteran, an expedition of 120 assorted skirmishers and archers are sent to investigate rumors of a growing power down south.
  • Crow says no. -Scraw
  • Mogadishu: The nation's income continues to grow, both from increased tariffs and from the Royal Trade Fleet. Our manufacturers expand and make more money. We further expand toward the Jubba River, as canals, dikes and ditches are being built. The land surrounding the Jubba-Shebelle Rivers become more fertile. 10,000 local tribesman and foreign settlers became citizens of our nation last year due to our policies of land reclamation and immigration attraction. We begin to build guns and cannons using the blast furnaces China had given us. We find iron and gold mines around Mtwara, near a great lake. We continue to train our army and navy..
  • Tondo: In an attempt to unite the peoples of Tondo during this time of crisis, declares a war of conquest on Confederation of Madja-as, assining 120 ships and 12,000 men to this effort. Despite the populace's answer to the call of war, the Rajah remains unpopular due to his relationship with the Japanese. With naval dominance secured, Tondo launches an amphibious invasion. Continues to expand south, and sends 6000 settlers to Samar Island across the narrow strait to claim it in the name of Tondo. 12 blast furnaces around the capital are built to augment the increasing iron and metalurgy industries of Tondo and paved roads to and from Maynila are built to connect the Kingdom together. Rajah Gamgang starts to consolidate his power in the capital and orders all political opponents to be a part of the settling process enacted upon Tondo in the nearby islands, primarily to keep them away from seizing or threatening his power. Massive naval expansion in the regard of trade ships and naval craft commence, as Rajah Gambang, fearful of the Japanese ships that escort the tributary vessels heading to Japan, orders the construction and study of these war junks, as the Chinese call them. The fishing fleet expands to 500 boats, while small warships capable of fighting in rivers are increased in number. Five war junks are to be constructed within the year. The first public aklatan (library) opens in Central Maynila to further spread the knowledge gained by the Kingdom. Smaller libraries are planned to be built in Maynila, Kawit and Tacloban Military personnel stands at 28,000 active troops across southern Luzon and 52,000 additional men ready to be conscripted to defend the state. They are armed with swords, shields and armor made from the blast furnaces. Roads in and round Maynila are built, and a town in the south, Kawit, is experiencing rapid population growth as fertile farmlands attract settlers there, along with abundant deposits of minerals in the area. This prompts the Council of Kawit (Kataas-taasang Lupon ng Kawit) to petition Rajah Gambang for a road that connects Kawit to Maynila, thereby attracting more and more settlers. Diyang Kalangitan orders a group of 15 scouts, 50 soldiers and 75 civilians to establish a trading post in northeastern Palawan and another party consisting of 50 soldiers and 50 civilians to settle in Busuanga island. Diyang Kalangitan, after hearing reports of the failed Japanese invasion of Korea, begins to spread further anti-Japanese rhetoric, stating that: "Losing to a protectorate, and you expect the Japanese Empire to protect us? Korea was thought to be a fraction of Japan's might, and yet here we see Japan thrashed by Korea. This is not our protector. Do not blind yourselves, for the rising sun has started to set." Rajah Gambang, fearful of the dissent caused by Kalangitan and the power base she has built up in rural Tondo, Ma-I, portions of Pangasinan, orders the defense of Japanese nationals within Maynila.
    • Ma-I: Li Han is consolidated as all of the government functions of Ma-I are moved to the city. Walls are built around it. Under the regency council and Queen Kalangitan, a re-organization of Ma-I infrastructure and society commences. Ma-I will still pay its tribute to the Ming, but Tondo holds nominal control over foreign affairs and other things such as protection. The largest settlement in the area is named Li Han, after the first Huang of Ma-I. A port town in northern Ma-I, Beigang, is developed upon by expanding the port facilities, paving roads, and introducing two blast furnaces in the port. Diyang Kalangitan, after hearing reports of the failed Japanese invasion of Korea, begins to spread further anti-Japanese rhetoric, stating that: "Losing to a protectorate, and you expect the Japanese Empire to protect us? Korea was thought to be a fraction of Japan's might, and yet here we see Japan thrashed by Korea. This is not our protector. Do not blind yourselves, for the rising sun has started to set." Rajah Gambang, fearful of the dissent caused by Kalangitan and the power base she has built up in rural Tondo, Ma-I, portions of Pangasinan, orders the defense of Japanese nationals within Maynila.
    • Pangasinan: Following the Tondo model, Pangasinan is subdivided into multiple areas assigned into Councils of 50 members each. Rajah Gamabang is recognized as the Huang, although Liyu is still recognized as the honorary Huang. Pangasinan thrives as the center of economic activity in the city as blast furnaces supply metals of various types and uses to the people, with 15% of all output to be handed over to Tondo. A major road from Pangasinan to Maynila begins construction.
    • Sweden: As we see no other solution, we accept the white peace with Denmark. However, we still offer the marriage of Crown Princess Emma to King Kristjen's second son, Gustav. He shall not inherit any lands in Sweden, unless his older brother, Karl, dies.
  • Duchy of Thuringen: The city guard continues to defend the capital city of Erfurt. Our military grows by adding more recruits each year. We continue to trade again with our neighboring states. Farming goes well in our nation this year. The healthy population continues to increase by 3% each year. Karsten's improvement in the training area is continuing to show off. We can now open our boaders to the east since the church is unified and the fighting has stopped. Karsten is now enrolled in the University of Erfurt. We ask the Prince of Saxony if our son Karsten could marry your daughter Barbara. [MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE]
  • Agreed. - Sky
  • Mayapan: Continues the integration of the southern city-states into the League. Each new state is expected to supply men to train and serve in the national army. Expansion continues northward along the coast of the Nuchol Sea (OTL Gulf of Mexico). The council seeks to improve commerce and communication between the many settlements of the Yucatan by constructing and maintaining roads between them. Due to Emperor-King Iktan's initiative, work continues to renovate and update existing buildings, roads, and to create plans for future upkeep and renovations. Emperor-King Iktan and the High Council will offer Totonacapan military protection in exchange for coming into the Mayan sphere of control.
    • Totonacapan also seeks support against Cempoala to force them to join Totonacapan as we are both Totonacs.
    • Mayapan Dip: Mayapan accepts and will support Tononacapan.
    • Totonacapan: Then we agree to join the Mayan sphere of control, since our demands were satisfied.
  • Bahmanids: Ali Nadeem Shah manages to sire a son, Ismail Shah. Judaism gains official status (i.e. getting to be under their own religious legal code and courts, along with the current five: Sunni Islam, Shia Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, and Zoroastrianism.)
  • Order of Knights Hospitaller: Grand Master Jean is jubilant at the news that the schisms between the Church and both the Hussites and the Orthodox have been healed. He summons the Orthodox bishop of Rhodes, and the two attend a mass together. He writes to the Pope, humbly suggesting that, to dispel any dissatisfaction with the reunion, the Latin, Eastern, and Hussite sections of the Church act as separate rites, each with its own patriarch (but naturally with the Pope as supreme leader [like the otl situation with the Eastern Catholic Churches]). That way, Jean suggests, dissatisfied members of all three parts of the Church will feel as though nothing much has changed. Grand Master Jean and the Latin Archbishop of Rhodes jontly write a circular letter to all members of the Order, which will be circulated around all the Commandries, which praises the reunifications and implores all members of the Order to see the manifold benefits of the Pope's wise and sensible actions. In other news, the navy is increased.
  • Totonacapan: We continue to expand to the south, building fortresses and towns to keep the new areas under our control. Cempoala is again pressured to join Totonacapan, offering many chests of gold and diamonds to our ally as well as equal representation in our elder council and our help to assist the great city of Cempoala to build as great walls as ours, in order to protect their great city. Our Mayapan allies also pressure Cempoala into joining us as agreed. We threaten with war otherwise.[MOD RESPONSE]
    • Cempoala rejects. Can you also stop making text red please? ~Edge
  • Kingdom of France: The ambitious King Louis XI continues to rule with the desire to further centralize the lands of France. The settlement of Chauleaux continues to be developed with the royal palace, a harbor, and farm. A small amount of Christian continue to settle in the area, but Muslims still represent the majority. This city also allows France to minimally access Abbasid trade routes, opening France more to the non-Christian world. Many French merchants begin to flock to and invest in the city. With funds from the Taille, Louis XI continues to create a small French navy. He continues building a small Mediterranean fleet consisting of cogs and galleys, by no means a fighting force, but one that would be able to transport the French army throughout the Mediterranean. Hearing about the discovery of more islands to the west, Louis continues to fund research to find alternatives to Barques and Balingers to be able to more effectively explore and trade to Asia. The French military continues to improve as the crown also uses the Taille to buy early cannons from Italy and other places in Europe. France continues to improve its army with newer and up-to-date tactics and weapons.
  • Ottoman Empire: The Sultan works to build schools across the Ottoman Empire and works on hiring people across the state. More Muslims are sent to the South and some Turks are sent to mix with the other Muslims in the areas. The army then is brought back to surround the city while the army tries to gain more troops to replace. With the loss of the city Murad goes into Ankara and works on his army and navy weaponry. The Sultan then begins to work on trading with the Thrimids and the Caliphate. Murad begin to send traders pass Thrimid's lands to Afghanistan.
    • Serbia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 1000 more mosques - mostly in the South. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Serbian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas and to populate the area.
    • Wallachia (Ottoman vassal): The sultan begins to create 800 more mosques - mostly in the South, and recruiting peasants for the army. More imams are sent to Serbia in hope of converting the population. The troops are ordered not to fire unless fired upon, the troops begin to work on defenses. The castle is now worked on by peasants. With the riots across the vassals the government is sent in to stop any riots but the government halts their construction of mosques (but already-built mosques will stay) but Wallachian Muslims are recommend to move down south and to spread across the green areas while they are recommended to then populate the area. The area is set up with defenses to stop the crusader army.
    • Epirus (Ottoman vassal): While the state begins to send aid to civilians after Sultan Mehmed is heard saying "Let the Christians, Jews and anyone get food ... so long as they stay with the state.
  • Norway: The whalers who discover the islands name them Nordhjem (North Home) and report it to the Government but they take minimal interst in them. Generally the islands are used for whaling and such due to their extreme weather. The islands are claimed as a crown colony of Norway. We ask for a marriage offer with Emma of Denmark to our heir Mikkael. In the north copper mining continues with fisheries operating in Iceland. The Faroes, Shetland and Orkney the whaling operations in the north give us blubber to sell on the market. Argriculture in the Crown Colonies continues as well. With a messenger returning from the Danish Greenland colony and the wiping out of our colony we decide to send aid to the colony in the form of food and furs to ease their suffering. Bergen and Oslo continue to flourish with an epic being written called the Den Store Historien (The Great History). It entails the Norwegian history stretching back to the Vikings and their many raids and captures of France and Britain and their colonization history. It particurally entitles on the Norwegian Empire and its greatness. This sparks some proto-nationalism in the citizens. The Scientae Dei continues building up its stockpile with its collection of knowledge being acknowledged one of the best in Europe. Mikkael is continously schooled.
  • Grand Republic of Ragusa: The oligarchy is set in place and the other families slowly but steadily lose their wealth and affluence. Without so many aristocrats the nation develops economically as well as in other ways.
  • Eric of Pomerania, King of Denmark: Me and my people celebrate the achievement of white peace with Sweden, finally we are not at war. With the white peace, the Treaty of Malmo is maintained, thus King Kristejen Vasa shall remain King of Sweden with foreign and domestic autonomy, and I, Eric of Pomerania, shall remain King of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, and all of Kalmar. With peace of Sweden obtained, King Kristejen Vasa of Sweden offered my daughter, Princess Emma's of Denmark hand in marriage to his second son,  Prince Gustav Vasa of Sweden. Meanwhile, King Johnathan Gylendove offered his first son and heir, Prince Mikkael of Norway to wed Princess Emma of Denmark as she turns 17 this year. I give Emma permission to decide who she will marry next year, and my wife Phillipa England prepares the wedding and the festivities. Meanwhile, I work to ensure that Emma becomes the Queen of Denmark for sure and I work to make Denmark a hereditary monarchy. For the marriage to Sweden or Norway, I have two conditions, that the son or the daughter of Emma and her husband shall be King or Queen of both Denmark and Sweden/Norway and that we will vote for each other in the Kalmar election cycles. Meanwhile, I finish up the reconstruction of Copenhagen, especially the University of Copenhagen, which is scheduled for next year. With the ending of the war with Sweden, our troops return home in glory.
  • The Crown of Castile continues work to consolidate their hold over Morocco. Henry IV accepts Aragon's offers and supports Aragon's claim to the throne of Naples. Henry IV continues to expand the navy, and continues the christinization of Morocco, Gibraltar, and Granada. At this point, Granada is 55% Christian due to the heavy deportation and executions of political prisoners. We begin to shift trade away from Genoa and toward Ragusa, Aragon and France, as well as bolstering our own trade prominance.
    • The Kingdom of Gibraltar continues to accept Christian settlers, with the nation now being composed of 35% Christians. The deportation effort continues, with more and more Muslims being relocated to Tunis. The restoration of Casablanca continues.
    • The Kingdom of Morocco continues to expel Muslims from the nation. 11% of the nation is now Christian. Expansion south along the coast continues
  • Abbasid Caliphate:Over the last seven years, the Caliphate continued to build its economic and military infrastructure. Trade has benefitted the Caliphate with knowledge and goods from around the known world as far as China and France. However, the idolotry that still plagues the Empire of Benin has forced the Abbasids to withdraw trade from that region, with the rest of Islam. After selling off a port city to France, the Caliphate enjoys an alliance in Western Europe it once held centuries ago under the Carolingian dynasty. Cannons imported this region, allong with the gunpowder weapons from the east, has vastly improved the military of Egypt, including cannons mounted on ships. Most of all, the brilliant strategist Al-Najm continues to rise in military rank, leaning all he can about these cannons but uknown to anyone that he is actually the grandson of the Caliph. After mastering this piece of engineering, the scholars of Alexandria benefit from both western and eastern science that are incorporated into society. Toward the end of this year, a couple of decades of interregnum comes to an end with the Bishops of Alexandria finally electing a new Pope, named Pope John XI.

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