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1400 to 1409 (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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N/A Archive One:
1400 - 1409
Archive Two:
1410 - 1419

This page is an archive for the Principia Moderni III map game, from 1400 to 1409.



1400

PMIII
The game will start at 00:00 UTC in 1 February. Do not post turns until then.

With Europe recovering from the ravages of the Black Death and the Middle East pulling itself apart in war, the Ming Empire stands as the mightiest nation on Earth. Its rule is unsafe though as they are surrounded by hostile Mongol tribes and the remnants of the Yuan Dynasty to the north, Japanese pirates to the east, Timur and resentful tributary states to the west and an unstable South East Asia to the south. Only time will tell if China can maintain its position.

Japan remains in the middle of a civil war with rival daimyos and the Shogun clashing forces across the country. In present-day Korea, King Jeongjong of Joseon abdicates in fear of an attack by his ambitious younger brother, Taejong. Taejong succeeds to the throne. Prince Parameswara establishes the Malacca Sultanate in present-day western Malaysia and northern Sumatra. Child emperor Trần Thiếu Đế is forced to abdicate as ruler of Đại Việt in favour of his maternal grandfather Hồ Quý Ly, ending the Trần Dynasty and starting the Hồ Dynasty. Hồ Quý Ly subsequently changes the country's name to Đại Ngu.

India remains a battleground as Hindu and Muslim nations clash with each other. The balance of power may fall to either side depending on what happens next. Although with the recent Timurid sack of Delhi and the crippling of the Delhi Sultanate, the balance may tilt to the Hindus.

Henry of Bolingbroke crowns himself Henry IV after successfully deposing Richard II the year earlier. One cause of Richard's unpopularity had been his reluctance to continue the war in France. Henry is aware of this and plans to resume hostilities. However, he is plagued with financial problems and declining health. Henry IV of England quells the Epiphany Rising and executes the Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury and the Baron le Despencer for their attempt to have Richard II restored as king. The deposed Richard II of England dies by means unknown in Pontefract Castle, likely from starvation.

England becomes confronted with repeated raids by pirates that heavily damage trade and the navy. Some advisors begin convincing Henry IV to use state-legalised piracy as a form of warfare in the English Channel. Privateering campaigns to pressure enemies without risking open war also become an option.

The French respond by using French pirates, under Scottish protection, raiding many English coastal towns. In the meantime Charles VI of France continues descending into madness and an open conflict for power begins between his uncle Philip “the Bold”, Duke of Burgundy, and his brother, Louis, Duke of Orléans.

The regime change also prompts action from Scotland, which begins raiding northern England. Many begin fearing an all out invasion. In Wales, Owain Glyndŵr is declared Prince of Wales. He begins the most serious and widespread rebellion against English authority in Wales since the conquest of 1282–3. Henry “Hotspur” Percy, son of the Earl of Northumberland, leads English incursions into Scotland, leading to the English occupying Edinburgh in Scotland, but so far failing to capture Edinburgh Castle.

The princes of the German states vote to depose Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia as Holy Roman Emperor due to his weak leadership and mental illnesses. Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg is declared as a rival to Holy Roman Emperor Wenceslaus. However, Frederick is murdered shortly after. Rupert III, Count Palatine of the Rhine, is elected as Holy Roman Emperor.

The Italian Peninsula is dominated by Naples and Milan while the Papal States sit as a neutral buffer zone. Meanwhile, the rich trading nations of Florence, Venice and Genoa are struggling to maintain their footholds in the East Mediterranean Sea against the armies of the Ottoman Turks. With the new threat of Timur, these Christian nations may need to help the enemy they know against the enemy they don’t.

Timur defeats both the Ottoman Empire and the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt to capture the city of Damascus in present-day Syria. Much of the city's inhabitants are subsequently massacred by Timur's troops. Timur conquers the Empire of The Black Sheep Turkomans (Qara Qoyunlu), in present-day Armenia, and the Jalayirid Sultanate in present-day Iraq. Qara Qoyunlu ruler Qara Yusuf and Jalayirid Sultan Ahmad flee and take refuge with the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I. Timur plans to invade the small Christian kingdoms and to expand his empire across Anatolia and to eventually conquer Mongolia and China.

In Eastern Europe, the standoff between the Ottomans and the Romans at Constantinople continues. Emperor Manuel II continues his journey across Europe, seeking aid against the Ottomans. France already responded, and sent three ships and 1200 men to defend the city. Meanwhile in Hungary, King Sigismund's position is unstable, after his defeat in the battle of Nicopolis four years ago, coupled with his shaky claim to the throne.Despite this, he still has designs on the Bohemian throne.

I forgot to post that part yesterday.--Collie Kaltenbrunner (talk) 07:23, February 1, 2014 (UTC)

Across the world, global climate cooling begins the decline of the Mississippian great city of Cahokia and the Anasazi civilization in OTL Colorado. Both great civilizations begin sending scouting parties to determine the extent of the bad harvests. The Kanem Empire and Great Zimbabwe in Africa also begin to decline with Lake Chad, the source of power for the Kanem, shrinking and drying up.

Hella mod events.

  • Poland focuses on consolidating the interior of the nation. After the sudden deaths of both Queen Jadwiga and the newborn Princess Elizabeth Bonifascia in late 1399, King Wladyslaw II Jagiello decides that he must remarry to secure the Gediminid reign over Poland, which is extremely shaky at best. A minor rebellion rises up outside of Radom, claiming that Duke Janusz of Mazovia should be King of Poland. Meanwhile, a few nobles of Greater Poland are trying to assert their own claims. To put an end to all arguments over the rightful King of Poland, Wladyslaw II marries Anastasia Griffin, daughter of Bogislaw VII, Duke of Pomerania-Stettin. Anastasia is the heiress to the Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin, and brings a powerful alliance within the Holy Roman Empire to the wedding ceremony. Anastasia is pregnant as the year ends, and Wladyslaw II is hoping to have better luck with this child than he had with Elizabeth Bonaficia. Meanwhile, Wladyslaw contacts Vytautas and arranges a meeting in Kiev to organize the future of the union between Poland and Lithuania. The economy grows as traders carrying Persian rugs begin to invest in producing rugs in Poland itself, notably in the city of Krakow which wields about as much economic power as Prague or Vienna.
  • Mazovia grows more and more powerful as the situation between Poland and Lithuania fails to come to a simple conclusion early in the year. The Duke of Mazovia, Janusz, is widely supported to inherit the Kingdom of Poland should Wladyslaw II be deposed, but Janusz declines and orders his personal army to assist Wladyslaw in the crushing of the minor Radom Rebellion. Meanwhile in Moldavia, the Duke, Iuga, dies as a cripple and is succeeded by his brother, Alexander. Alexander is widely popular with the Moldavians, and reaches out to Wallachia to strengthen his relations with his neighbor to the south. In addition, the Moldavian navy is expanded.
  • Lithuania, still recovering from the defeat at the Battle of the Vorskla River, finds the need to reconcialiate with Poland for good. Vytautas, in a disputed position as either Grand Duke or Viceroy, agrees to be the latter in a conference held in Kiev. The terms of a treaty between Vytautas and Wladyslaw of Poland agree that Vytautas is in fact a viceroy who acts on behalf of Wladyslaw. Vytautas, not wanting to end up without his own dynasty, however, decides to re-marry (his earlier wife having died) to the eldest daughter of the Principality of Ryazan's Prince Oleg II, who is an enemy of the Muscovites, and with whom an alliance is established. Vytautas then works to establish a legitimate government in Trubetsk, where his liege (Wladyslaw) is the next-in-line to the throne (Demetrius I Starshy and Wladyslaw II were brothers). Vytautas actively pursues the opportunity to gain greater glory by peacefully granting a title to his liege. Meanwhile, the split between Orthodox and Catholic churches is being addressed by Bishop Jakum Plichta (of Vilnius) and Bishop Borzyslaw (of Kiev). The proposed idea is to create a separate branch of the Holy Catholic Church based out of Kiev that will perform services in the Orthodox mixture of Greek and Ruthenian. The idea begins to be discussed throughout the Grand Duchy, and permission to investigate is sought from the Holy Father. The Lithuanian economy expands its production of grain, which is then exported into Russia and Poland.
  • Smolensk is quickly recovering from the Lithuanian occupation that established it as a Lithuanian vassal. Smolensk's economy grows with the rebuilding of the cities structures. Wide funding from Prince Roman the Young goes into the reconstruction process, resulting in a beautification project in conjunction with reconstruction. Meanwhile, Chernigov is now under the rule of a vovoide, which is seen as a very broad step by Wladyslaw to reduce all Principalities to Duchy or Vovoideships as opposed to maintaining a number of Princes. Chernigov improves its economy by experimenting with different crops than just grain.
  • First post!!! (More to come) Pink Floyd Hammer Flag - The Wall I'd rather be a hammer than a nail... 00:14, February 1, 2014 (UTC)
    • Could you condense that shit?
    • Sure.
  • Aragon expands the military and builds new infrastructure. The King agrees to send 500 or so troops to help the Romans. He states that while the differences between the Catholics and the Orthodoxites are many, he would rather have a Christian brother control the great city as opposed to a Muslim heathen. He also begins the Aragonese influence on Navarra, attempting bring its royal family into his own. However, it seems that he will not be able to produce an heir in time and begins to secure the connections between his power and that of his son Martin of Sicily, so that Martin may succeed him. He also seeks to make connections with the Medici of Florence. The King also sends troops to help stabilize the situation in the islands of Corsica and Sardinia, with the intent of bringing them into the Crown of Aragon.
  • Florence: The Medici family begins to rise in power starting in the 15th century as a banking family in Florence. As their power grows this year, Florence plans to renovate several key areas of the city. The work on Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore, with the dome remaining unfinished as of this year. Florence expands its military and economy as trade deals with Genoa, Milan and Naples are offered. Relations with the Papacy improve. Meanwhile, Florence works its way into fine diplomatic relations with the House of Este. Relations with the middle-Italian state improve, as do relations with Bologna. Florence's economic deals are not limited to Italy; Florence seeks to trade with the French, the Aragonese, the Austrians, and the Byzantine Empire.
    • Austrian Diplomacy: (Posted for MS) We accept your alliance offer.
    • Castilian Dip: We request trade with Florence.
    • Neapolitan Diplomacy: We accept.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: A letter from the newly elected Venetian Doge arrives. Please see my main post for an idea of what is going on. (The following is secret and known only to the Venetian Doge and the leader of Florence). The Doge makes an argument that Venice and Florence are in a position to divide influence over the eastern coast. He also states that a formal alliance should be hammered out so that the interests of Venice and Florence are protected.
    • Martin of Aragon agrees to sign trade agreements with the Florentines.
    • Florentine Dip: While an alliance may be possible in the future, the recent war over Athens between our people is still a very raw memory. Perhaps we should start off with some trade agreements and see where it goes from there.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues its standoff with the Ottoman blockade. As the blockade is merely intended to pressure the Romans, the garrison is not too concerned, but they take precautions just the same. The extra 1,200 troops and three ships from France raise morale, and the ships allow more supplies to slip past the blockade, as the Ottomans are not as effective at sea. The Emperor's nephew and former Emperor John VII commands the defence, but unlike his previous episodes of disobedience, remains loyal to the cause. In the south, troops in the Despotate of Morea occupy more border villages and outposts from Achaia, which is largely unable to counter. No major military campaign is planned for the region as the capital remains under siege. Supplies from the region are sent to reinforce the capital, and whatever surplus is sold to try to cover the Empire's costs. The newly occupied towns contribute to the economy, but this makes little difference. Emperor Manuel II continues to tour Europe, asking for help against the Ottomans. He makes stops in Aragon, Castile, France, England, and the HRE. He then approaches his relatives in Montferrat, and ask them for aid. Theodore II of Montferrat agrees to symbolic friendship and limited aid. As of now, Manuel II is still in Italy, asking for troops and ships to help defeat the Ottomans.
    • Castilian Dip: We ask what kind of assistance the Byzantines are looking for.
    • Roman Diplomacy: The Empire is willing to accept any form of aid, but what we are more looking for is troops or ships to help stablize our realm.
    • Castilian Dip: We will send troops when the time comes - no worries.
    • Austrian Diplomacy: (Posted for MS) We support the Byzantine Empire and will consider sending military support shortly.
    • Neapolitan Diplomacy: We will send ships.
    • Sicillian Dip: We ask what could be achieved by Sicily earning hostility from the Ottomans.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Please see my post for Venice's response.
    • Roman Diplomacy: To Sicily, you get the defeat of a powerful Muslim adversary that threatens Europe and have it replaced by a friendly Christian one, and to Venice, we are willing to talk. Meet us on chat or something.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Talks have ended Venice and the Roman Empire have formed an economic and military alliance along with the recognition of claims on both sides concerning Greece.
    • Papal States Dip: We are sending a fleet of ten ships and 15,000 troops, including 1000 archers, and 450 cannons. In response, we hope to gain a few vassals.
    • Quick thing: no way massive numbers like 45,000 could be sent. Don't forget most states could only levy a certain amount of soldiers. Only the Asian empires could mount that much. Nkbeeching (talk) 23:09, February 1, 2014 (UTC)
    • Hainaut and Holland: Holland promises 1500 troops to aid the great crusade to come.
    • Sicily Dip: We will send 15,000 troops consisting of 5000 archers and 10,000 spearmen. On a fleet of five ships. We hope to get a share of plunder and if possible land gain.
  • Hamburg: Hamburg begins building new merchant ships to replace its aging fleet.
  • Great Perm: Begins building up military and expanding influence. We begin to expand to uninhabited sections of OTL Russia and begin to reform our economy so people can work and it can flourish.
  • Bayern-Landshut: Bavaria-Landshut expands its military. Heinrich XVI rules at this time, having begin his rule seven years earlier in 1393. In January, Heinrich openly announces his intention to bring the other Bavaria's under his wing, stating that "For too long, the various Bavaria's, such as Munich, Straubing, and even Landshut itself have been warring factions where we foolishly split up land blindly and with no regard." Many at his court take this to be his intent to vassalize the realms of Munich, Straubing, and Ingolstadt. Later in the year, the population slowly expands, still not meeting pre-Black death levels. Heinrich sends his regards to the Roman Emperor and denounces the Ottoman heathens for their continual onslaught on both the Empire and Christendom. Also, YAY first post! :D
  • Castile: Henry III in control of the control continues his previous policies of pacifying and restoring the power of King and with Support of the Aristocracy begins displacing influential but relatively bad people. Along with this, he begins major cleanup of the kingdom's economy setting up a plan that will put the kingdom's finances in order within one or two years. The Kingdom itself begins a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigourous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Jews are tolerated more, and the heavy sales tax is removed allowing for a growing purchase from people. The Castilian navy is increased as well and loaded up with troops to go check out the Canary Islands for possible conquest by Castile. (The islands were known as early as 1336 and in OTL Castile went only two years in the future). The Crown itself also begins secret influence on the Courts of Navarre. Castile seeing the need for a better influx of income and less rebellious Muslims and Jews establishes a tax that protects the relgious rights of Muslims of Jews as long as they pay this Tax. However, this does encourage some new converts who wish to have a few more coins in their pocket as a Christian rather than poorer. The country also begins a more major program of cultural integration creating a series of schools meant to help integrate and get Castilian language and cultural superiority (this is just being finished pretty much the entirety of Castile was Castilian culture at this point) Castile extends trade and foreign relations to Aragon, Portugal, England, France, Byzantium, Genoa, Florence, to expand its trade horizons. Castile also invests heavily into the gold trade running through Granada and seizes this type of trade from Genoa who had previously been running it. The Infrastructure of the country is improved greatly. Castile sends an envoy to Venice to improve trade agreements and talk about an alliance.
    • Granada: As a Tributary state (vassal) of Castile, Granada remains strangely alert attempting to maintain its independence. With large amounts of Muslims the people regardless of their vassalage to a Christian state seem relatively calm. Granada in attempt to remain on good terms with Castile begins secretly helping move the gold trade toward Castile and away from Genoa helping to wrestle it from Genoa quite easily. The Granadian military remains relatively alert and begins drills. The Infrastructure of Granada is improved as well. The Granadians see a relatively low influx of Muslims over this period due to new laws enacted in Castile. The Relatively low population of Christians in Granada begins to expand slightly.
    • Just wanted to let you know, Granadin is the official demonym of the people of Granada.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: After the talks Venice and Castile have agreed to a trade agreement and an alliance. The Doge uses this major development to quiet some of his more vocal opponents, especially after Castile seems to be becoming more favoured for certain trading, including much valued gold.
  • Hainaut and Holland: Count Albert of Hainaut, Holland and Zeeland begins organizing the lowlands regions of the Bavarian domain leaving the ruling of Bavaria to his family. The lords of his lowland fiefs praise this move as it shows a greater interest in the region. Albert begins taking an interest in the unique weapons which have began to appear across areas of Europe and the Middle East (firearms), but has no idea about them in specific. The nobility of his fiefs push for him to acquire the title of Duke, which is a personal interest to him as well. Albert tries to appeal to the Holy Roman Emperor and due to his connections to deceased Emperor Louis IV (ruled as Holy Roman Emperor from 1328 to 1347). To increase trade and the economy Albert commissions an increase in local production and permits more artisans to be trained. Meanwhile, he takes an interest in the port cities of Amsterdam and Rotterdam and begins pushing for the creation of a navy, to protect against pirates and foreign powers. A trade agreement is requested with Denmark and England. Albert also allows the expansion of nights within his estates.
  • Yemen: Emir an-Nasir Ahmad starts to stabilize the realm by first looking into building up the administrative parts of the government. A trade agreement is sent to the Ottoman Empire, Mamluks, and Bengal Sultanate. An alliance is also sent to the Bengal Sultanate. Emir an-Nasir Ahmad looks into the possibility of expanding the navy in the future and setting up an exploration program and exploring farther into the East and West. an-Nasir Ahmad marries Tuba bint Umar in the later part of year. The marriage ceremonies are lavish and extravagant.
    • Bengal Sultanate: Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah, the Sultan of Bengal, accepts both the trade agreement and alliance wholeheartedly.
    • Ottoman Empire: the Sultan is pleased with the deal, and accepts.
  • Scotland: With French Pirates under our protection we ramp up soldiers on the border between Scotland and England and begin building small outpost and fortifications built in with cannons to further give us the edge in the Highlands, to defend Scotland from further attacks from English forces. We wish to open up trading opportunities in Scandinavia, Ireland, France, along with the German, and Iberian regions to expand and increase the economy of ours and others. We also wish to open up talks of a mutual alliance treaty between Ulster and Desmond if possible. We also wish to increase relations with France since we are harboring their pirates in Scottish lands.
    • Hainaut and Holland: Holland and Hainaut request a trade agreement with Scotland and also a treaty that would allow both sides to aid one another in fighting off pirates.
    • Scottish Dip: We accept the trade agreement
    • Scottish Dip: We agree to the talks of a triple alliance.
  • Saxony: We send aid to the Byzantines.We begin to spread propaganda influencing people to join the military. We ask for an alliance with Kalmar and Hungary and a trade pact with England. We begun To exert influence on Meissen.
    • The Polish Kingdom requests an alliance with the Saxon Principality.
    • Saxony accepts.
  • Austria: The self-proclaimed “Archduchy of Austria” (Erzherzogtum Österreich), following Duke Rudolf IV’s creation of the forged Privilegium Maius, begins increasing the legitimacy of its nation to begin rising through the ranks of the Holy Roman Empire. Like many nations in the region, Austria’s farms remain small and fragmented, accounting for little of the overall agricultural production within its respective trade network. Archduke Albert IV expresses desires to expand this and encourages expansion of local fields by requiring that all major cities must keep a small supply of grain in case of attack or famine. To protect the nation Albert IV calls for the creation of a professional army loyal to Austria. Recruits from many of Austria’s provinces begin to be called for training in such an army, employing tactics learned from Swiss mercenaries and leading military techniques. The initial army is mostly taken from the medieval levies of central Austria and kept in reserve. With the Austrian levy replaced recruits begin to specialize in certain schools of fighting, creating divisions of pikemen and other forms of infantry. Individual county armies are left intact, allowing local counts and rulers subordinate to the archduke to continue utilizing levies and other means of protection. In Appensell conflicts over grazing rights, taxes and tithes cause Abbot Kuno von Stoffeln to contact the Habsburg Count of Toggenburg asking for help. As Toggenburg prepares for war in what would have been a simple conflict, Albert IV steps in seeing that this is an opportunity to test his new military organization. Hoping to strike down the rebelling peasants before they gain greater local support, Albert IV orders the raising of 7500 infantry and 3250 cavalry, which is to support the 5500 infantry and 600 cavalry in the hands of the local further Austrian territories. After negotiating a deal with the nearby territory of Sargans, an additional 4000 men are called into action by the following year. We ask for an alliance with Milan and the Swiss Confederation to bring down any further insurrection along our common border. In an attempt to further increase the Archduchy’s legitimacy and gain power within the Holy Roman Empire in light of the Privilegium Maius, Albert IV proposes an alliance with the Archbishop of Mainz, Trier, Cologne, the Kingdom of Bohemia, the County Palatine of the Rhine, the Duchy of Saxony, and the Margraviate of Brandenburg, all of which serving as prince electors within the empire. As a Catholic nation we ask for an alliance with the Papal States, as well as the nation of Genoa and Naples to further increase our influence in Italy and the reach of the Empire in case of attack. We ask for an alliance with the Byzantines, the successors to the once great Romans. In return we send them aid in their defense against the Ottomans, and ask for a royal marriage. We ask for an alliance and royal marriage with Muscovy, who we believe will be a valuable trade partner in the east. We ask for an alliance and royal marriage with Castile, our Catholic brethren in the Iberian peninsula. We wish to prevent infighting among the Holy Roman Empire and therefore ask for a non-aggression pact with Bayern-Landshut and Oldenburg. We also ask for a non-aggression pact with the nations of Hungary, the Kalmar Union, France, and Burgundy. (Mscoree asked me to post this for him)
    • You are not going to break rules like that.
    • I'm not sure what I did wrong exactly. I was just posting a turn for him, as I have in the past.
    • He is banned. It is not allowed to post for a banned user.
    • Sorry, I wasn't aware of that rule. I thought that since I had posted for blocked people in the past it would be fine this time too. Is there no way for him to use the turns he has written?
    • Can someone please link me to this rule? Not that I dispute it, I just want to read the exact text.
    • This rule has been in place (unofficially or officially) ever since I was banned. I can vouch for it, whether it's in writing or not.
  • Sicily: Sicily sends emissaries to Castile in hopes of forging an alliance. Meanwhile, infrastructure in Siracusa is improved in to make it the centre of sea trade in Sicily. Additionally Sicily sends supplies to the besieged cities of Corsica and Cagliari.
    • Castilian Dip: We request that Sicily open up trade and we will do the same. Not to mention we will ease into an alliance over the next few years as we work out the particulars.
    • Neapolitan Diplomacy: We offer a strong alliance and trade deal. And perhaps royal boundaries.
    • Sicillian Dip: We will open up trade and we accept the gradual forming of an alliance.
  • Milan: Gian Galeazzo Visconti, duke of Milan, asks for an alliance with the Archduchy of Austria in exchange for their support in elevating the Visconti family to this prestigious position among the people of Milan. Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, a great monastery and church complex commissioned to the architect Marco Solari, which began work on August 27, 1396. Castle Visconteo, located in the town of Pavia, Lombardy, northern Italy, built by Galeazzo II Visconti in 1360, is expanded. Seat of the Visconti family, the castle is expanded as a strategic position, and enhanced by a newly added garden. Work also continues on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We begin training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. We ask for a similar alliance with the Papal States, Florence and Switzerland to protect our nation.
    • Florentine Dip: Accepted.
    • '​Papal States Dip:​ 'A more economic alliance is in order, but we accept.
    • Swiss Dip: Accept.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: A letter from the newly elected Venetian Doge arrives. Please see my main post for an idea of what is going on. (The following is secret and known only to the Venetian Doge and the leader of Milan). In the letter the Doge speaks of ending the rivalry on the peninsula that has plagued Milan and Venice from developing good relations and talks of establishing a trade agreement as well as further diplomatic agreements, for example: organising the claims between Venice and Milan to ensure they are not in conflict.
  • Muscovy: Leader Vasily I of the Grand Duchy of Moscow begins to exert influence on the nearby states of Tver, Rostov and Ryazan. In an effort to bring closer the Russian people and the followers of the Russian Orthodox Church, by the vassalization and unity of the land of Russia. Many highly loyal to the Orthodox Church begin to protest to the government, in order to make an intervention against the Sultanate ruled empire of the Ottomans, and to return the Byzantines to its full glory, in order to maintain the power of the Orthodox church, we ask Novgorod for an alliance and military access to transport vessels in order to allow troops to arrive at Constantinople and assist the Roman Empire. One thousand troops will be sent via ship if Novgorod accepts this offer. Diplomats are sent to other nations such as Great Perm, the Golden Horde, Castile, Byzantine Empire, Genoa, Switzerland, Brandenburg, Milan, Florence, Naples, and Bohemia. The alliance offer and royal marriage offer from Austria is accepted. A royal marriage request is sent to the Byzantine Empire.
    • Novgorod Diplomacy: We accept your alliance and military access offer, and allow you to send troops along with supplies to the Byzantine Empire.
  • The Kingdom of Cuzco: begins to build roads in the city. Expansion is planned for next year, and scouts are sent south to aid in the planning. Food is grown in the city to both feed the city and trade with other nations in the region.
  • The Kingdom of England: Troops continue to assault Edinburgh Castle in hopes of defeating the Scots there. In Wales, the revolt grows, but the English forces are able to contain the revolution for now. in a move to consolidate his power, King Henry IV revokes parliamentary approval in the King's Council. War in France begins to turn into a lull, with neither side fighting actively. While Henry still distrusts the French, he is careful in his movements. While the war is fairly popular among the people, Richard II, whom was recently put to death, still has many supporters. The Parliament does mention that perhaps suing for peace in the future could buy England the time it needs to rebuild and reunify. The King hosts Manuel II in Eltham Palace, pulling out all the stops for the first Roman Emperor to visit England. The Emperor is assured that England will provide aid in the form of troops and a few ships for the blockade. After some success in the north, Henry Percy leads a large group into Wales to seize the stockade at Abrystrwyth. Owain Glyndwr's rebel forces regroup from the massive defeat. English ships begin to openly fire on Scottish ships, hoping to break through the lines and lay siege from the coast. The Castilan offer for relations is accepted. Scandinavia is approached with offers of formal relations and a potential alliance. In London, work begins on widening the riverfront access to the Thames River. To ensure the continued loyalty of his generals, the King increases their salary and creates a pension fund. Henry Percy is held in esteem for his valiant efforts. The English navy is expanded, with newer and larger ships being constructed. The military is upgraded, with an emphasis on the longbowmen.
    • Ormond: Military is expanded.
    • Westmeath: Military and industry are expanded.
    • Wales (non rebel): Henry, The Prince of Wales, continues with his troops to fight Glyndwr, though his hold in northern Wales remains firm, but is showing signs of weakness after his loss at Abrystrwyth. The military is expanded as well as industry to help fight the rebels and restore English rule.
    • Castilian Dip: We request expanded trade, and foreign relations as well as talks to help ease our tumultuous past aggression against each other.
    • English Dip: We graciously accept the offer and will be more than willing to hold mutually beneficial talks to smooth over our rough past with one another.
  • Swiss Confederacy: We continue to solidify our union between the cantons and begin to influence the outside cantons of Biel, Ursuren, Weggis, Murten, Payerne, and Tessenburg to join us. The economy is built up, as are defenses. There is debate to move the capital to Bern, but it will be decided later on. We send 5000 Swiss troops and 2000 mercenaries to aid the Byzantine Empire. The population is at 986,000. We begin influencing Burgundy.
  • Desmond: The new Earl of Desmond, Thomas FitzGerald falls asleep on December 31, 1399 to a strange dream. In it, he hears a disembodied voice telling him: "You will be the one who will make Desmond great, into a great new modern Ireland, for today marks the start of a great new shining era, the beginning of the modern, for this ... is Principia Moderni." The next day, he ponders what happened within the dream. Following that event, the Earl makes up his mind to "try to make Desmond great," despite how vague the message was. First, he decides to set up a permanent capital. The new capital will be in a large modern castle on cliffs on the southwestern coast, to prevent it from attack. On the coast, in a vale will lie the town surrounding it, to provide access to shipbuilding and fishing industries. The plans are made, and the land is prepared. Construction will begin next year. Meanwhile, we build up our towns, spurred on by the low prices of land within them with various craft workshops growing within them. Many poor farmers send their sons to towns to become apprentices and to learn various crafts to supplement their parents' income. A standard currency is planned, but enough metal must be minted to produce coins. Areas are scouted for mining. The military is reformed, with a small core of elite soldiers working full-time, training the levies when needed, and guarding the nobility when not. We send out ambassadors to improve relations with the nearby MacCarthy Mor clan, whom we conquered most of their old Kingdom of Desmond hundreds of years ago. We also send out ambassadors to the northern duchies and earldoms. Small amounts of grain is given to struggling farmers, and in return, we prompt them to train with weapons and join the levy when needed.
    • English D: The Kingdom of England would like to re-establish formal relations with Desmond and perhaps begin to trade.
    • Desmond Diplomacy: We accept your offer, pointing to our background as an ex-English barony.
  • Mecklenburg: The nation of Mecklenburg upgrades military power to help the Holy Roman Empire and its people while defending the Catholics of Europe for other threats. We offer the nations of Austria, Köln, Trier, Mainz, Bohemia, Milan, Muscovy, Florence, and Switzerland, Novgorod alliances. To all nations that accept will receive military information and will receive military aid from this nation.
    • Novgorod Diplomacy: We accept your alliance.
    • Muscovy Diplomacy: We accept your request of a military alliance.
  • Oyo Empire: Shortly after the foundation of his kingdom, Alaafiu Oranyan, ruler of Oyo, begins his quest to strengthen the position of his kingdom. The Alaafin notices the fact that he lacks a permanent guard to enforce the laws of the nation, and his army is reliant on poorly-trained warriors conscripted for a seasonal period, a major flaw in the empire's military system. Consulting his high chiefs, Oranyan founds by imperial decree a permanent standing army that is to be know from here-on as the Ikorira, or "the Hatred", due to the army's role in battling hated enemies of Oyo. The force is to consist of 45,000 warriors, out of the 500,000 able-bodied men within the empire. These men are divided into 37,000 warriors armed with spear and bow, and 8000 riders who will serve as the tip of the military force. The force will reside in four quarters that are to flank Oyo-Ile from the north, east, south, and west, with 9000 infantry and 1750 cavalry in each, along with their families, and they shall remain ready at all times in the event they are required to fight for the Alaafiu. The other 1000 warriors and 1000 cavalry are to be trained as an imperial bodyguard for the Alaafiu known as the Eso, who shall learn how to fight on foot and horseback so as to serve as the elite praetorian guard for the empire. Also, impressed with the arms of the neighboring Benin Empire, Oyo adopts their armor and weaponry for the Ikorira and the Eso. Additional reforms are planned by the Alaafiu, though the need to secure the empire from external threats must come first. In the meantime, Oranyan orders the expansion of the nation to the west by 10,000 km along the coast of the Gulf of Guinea, seeking to seize the resources of the Akan region. Appealing to their fellow Yoruba in the region, the settlers successfully establish treaties with their fellow brethren easing tensions as the empire expands into the surrounding region. This is further aided by the sharing of a common language, which increases trust and trade. Needing to equip these men, numerous industries are developed within the capital city so as to aid in supporting the army. These industries employ thousands of men and women in works that also support the local population. When swords, helmets and shields are not needed immediately, the armories and foundries turn to producing civilian tools, which aid in the advancement of expanding the agricultural and mining system of Oyo.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The Sultan, Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah, continues his rule of consolidation, mainly through the increase of military drills for the nations army, focusing on the mobility of his cavalry, elephants and infantry, while also attempting to retain the same amount of defensive and static strength of his infantry. He also continues his policy of cordial formal relations with his neighbors by sending envoys and gifts to Jaunpur, China, Mecca, and Medina. He also offers to finance the construction of two Madrasas in Mecca. Coins depicting the name of Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah in both Hindu and Bengali on one side, and an elephant on the other in reference to the Hindu culture present in Bengal. The Bengali poet, Shah Muhammad Sagir, begins his work, the Yousuf Jolekha. At the same time, another Bengali poet named Krittibas Ojha begins to work on his translation of the great Indian epic Ramayana to Bengali. It is during this period of consolidation began by the Sultan Azam Shah, that his son Saifuddin Hamza Shah, only a teenage at this point, begins to grow jaded of his father's peace.
  • Novgorod: The merchant republic of Novgorod accepts the alliances with Mecklenburg, and Muscovy. We ask Köln for an alliance. We accept to send troops, ships, and supplies to the the Byzantine Empire. We ask Muscovy for a Royal Marriage. We open up trade to our neighboring Russian states.
    • Köln Diplomacy: We accept.
  • Kingdom of Naples: King Ladislaus I combats small revolts of the nobles in the different regions of the country. By mid-year the King's power is strong and he can start the first reforms. First, realize that the people need food, and for that matter the fields begin to be rotated, making the stationary harvests, more effective. Secondly, the sea should be protected, and for that matter the construction and improvement of shipyards are planned, and production of new boats to combat the pirates of the Mediterranean. Territorial defense is organized based on border forts, and recruitment of soldiers that are attached to existing groups of mercenaries. Payment and maintenance of this new army will be shared by the king and the nobles. The King tries to improve its position on the Italian peninsula, and sends their ambassadors to different countries to solidify the friendship as well as commercial and military alliances in Milan, Genoa, Florence, Venice, Savoy, and specially Ferrara and Mantua trying to make them vassals. In the case of the Papal States and its internal problems, the King sent a special emissary to personally communicate with the Pope of Neapolitan origin, and provide all the necessary assistance, also officially presented as a defender of Rome and the Holy Church. In the case of Sicily, it is proposed a strong alliance and sent presents to the King, with the best wishes of peace of Ladislaus I. Later this year the King intends to occupy the throne of Hungary as rightful heir, and began the search for supporters against Sigismund. Seeing the Byzantine Empire and its Emperor are looking for help, and the danger of the Ottoman forces, a fleet of warships sent to block ports and capture enemy ships. King Ladislaus I is looking for a wife.
    • Sicilian Dip: We kindly regard your wish to be in an alliance and kindly your presents but we will require stronger incentives to do so. We only consider the presents as mitigation of any possible hostilities or outbreaks of war.
    • Portuguese diplomacy: In regards to the royal marriage offer, Portugal offers Beatriz de Avis, 18 years of age, illegitimate daughter of the king, in order to start better diplomatic relations.
      • We are looking for a legitimate daughter of any royal family, but we can start friendly diplomatic relations.
    • Venetian Dip: Venice kindly accepts the renewal of commercial and military alliances with Naples, and states that as part of the Doge's plans Venice hopes that Naples and Venice along with other Italian states can co-operate toward greater aims. Venice also sends Naples a letter from the Doge, the following is only known to the Doge and the leader of Naples In the letter the Doge recognises Naples' position as a powerful organ in making the peninsula a greater place in the world and bringing order to the lands and seas of the Mediterranean. He asks that considering their new alliance, Naples and Venice should sign a treaty formalising their claims so that they are not in conflict.
      • Venice Diplomacy: Naples and Venice finish their talks having agreed to an alliance while also discussing further co-operation and agreeing claims.
    • Florentine Dip: The alliances with Naples are accepted.
  • France: England is asked for peace, as the war that has torn apart France is not doing so in England, While this, Louis of Orleans is acclaimed by the people of France the king to lead France out of the long standing war. While this, Philip's forces get influence in Picardie loyal territories. Military and navy are built up and Orleans begins to be influenced. Same as Burgundy. While this, a small party of sailors with their families flee to the Lanzarote (In the Canary Islands). Using the name of St Marie d'Africa, the sailors manage to set the small city in the region. While this, the Spanish are asked to allow the presence of the sailors in the Canary Islands.
    • Angouleme: Military and navy are built up.
  • Zapotec: One of the greatest city-states of the Zapotec is Danibaan (Monte Alban), ruled by Emperor Tlaco. Danibaan is the largest state in the region, and as such exerts great influence over the surrounding states. Using this influence, Emperor Tlaco creates the Zapotec Alliance, signed by the surrounding city-states. The agreement states that the city-states will support each other in wars and diplomatic manners. By pooling their influences, they begin to incorporate other states into the alliance, either by diplomacy or by force.
  • Portugal begins a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, João I continues giving grants of land to some nobles to secure their loyalty. Meanwhile, Philippa of Lancaster gives birth to a boy, who is named João.
  • Majapahit: To strengthen his power the king Wikramawardhana builds a personal army consisting of an elite group of 100 warriors. He sends his half brother-in-law, the legal crown prince, in the jungle of OTL Timor to built a new village and to start a vassal state. By doing so, he secures his claims on the throne and expands the Majapahit Empire. He also starts to build a large fleet of trade ships and also transport ships and some escorts to expand trade and to expand the expansion possibilities. He also sends a diplomatic mission to the Sunda Empire (Mod respond, please). Influence begins on Bima and we also begin spreading Hinduism to the nations in Sulawesi.
  • Papal States: Reorganization begins across the Papal States. The military is expanded due to growing tensions in Italy. We propose a military alliance with Naples, The Kalmar Union, The Byzantine empire, and England. Our vassals are more influenced, and more pro-Rome nobles are put in place, the old ones being "removed." We hire privateers to disrupt Cyprus shipping. Research begins into cannons that can load faster. Taxes begin on our vassals. We deploy a fleet of ships to support the Byzantine empire against the Ottoman empire. Plans are laid to invade the Ottoman, and copies are sent to all states in Italy, England and The Kalmar Union.
    • King Wladyslaw II Jagiello of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania relays a proposal from Bishop Jakum Plichta (of Vilinius) and Bishop Borzyslaw (of Kiev) to create a new division of the church in order to preach in Greek and Ruthenian as is practiced in the Orthodox church in order to convert Orthodox Christians to a Catholic-esque form that will recognize Papal Primacy. Jakum Plichta also asks that Vilnius (a diocese) be raised to an archdiocese and that the archbishop also be considered the Primate of Lithuania.
    • We agree.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: A letter from the newly elected Venetian Doge arrives. (The following is known only to the Venetian Doge and the Pope). The Doge honours the Pope for his wise governance and states that he too recognises the threat that the Ottomans pose. The Doge would like to propose an alliance with the Papal States on both economic and military terms. He finishes with a comment on the good support sent to the Byzantines by the Papal States.
    • ​Alliance accepted.
    • ​Bologna: A new tax system is introduced. The economy is expanded. Influence begins to annex the vassal.
    • ​Perugia: Influence begins with the intention if annexing the vassal soon. Military is expanded.
    • ​Ancona: A small military expansion begins, with the goal being to ensure that Ancona becomes a military power. Influence begins to annex the vassal.
    • ​Montefeltro:​ A new ruler takes over, Bentio Francis. His Pro-Rome policy sees him given more power then the other vassals, but he agrees to allow Montefletro to eventually be annexed. The economy is expanded.
  • Venetian Republic: After the death of the last Doge a new Doge is elected, Michiel Roscol, a nobleman whose family arose from obscurity. Michiel faces heavy opposition and finds that many noble families are not willing to even participate in proper governance with him as Doge. Even his allies are cautious with their support. Keen to establish that he is a competent ruler and to utilise some populism he concludes that a war would be the best way to cement his control.
    Upon discussion most nobles vouch for a conquest of areas around Venice with Padua being the most popular suggestion. Michiel states that "A war against our neighbours would only create more enemies closer to Venice when they already are looking down the edge of blade from the east in the form of the ever expanding Ottoman Empire." Other nobles are outraged at the idea that the war will not be in the peninsula and many state that the Ottomans are important trade partners to Venice. The argument continues for quite some time. Finally Michiel manages to arrange for a war to expand the Greek colonies, Epirus being chosen as to eliminate the closest local competitor for Greek sovereignty. The majority of the Venetian fleet sets sail laden with mercenaries and noblemen chosen to lead the campaign.
    Foreign policy is discussed at some length in this year with Michiel making further political enemies. He announces a policy of establishing a balance of power within the Italian peninsula and avoiding war while encouraging co-operation, he writes to all states on the peninsula, even Genoa, to discuss whether they would be interested in co-operation including diplomatic, commercial and military alliances. His next policy is met with a greater amount of support as he dedicates Venice's renewed support to the Byzantines sending a small fleet of ships (ten to twenty) with other gifts as a sign of good faith. However, states that full support will require Byzantium to send a diplomatic envoy to discuss the matter in person.
    Michiel secretly organises for funds to be siphoned off to his family's bank and enforces a state preference for loans from it. It grows in power from a small backwater bank to a middleweight within the year. However, a lack of funds limits it from further growth. Bribes funded by the family bank are used to create a network of agents across the capital as Michiel himself is now restrained to the Doge's Palace. Knowing his person is at threat from an endless list of rivals he strengthens his personal security and works on elevating only his most trusted allies to positions of importance.
    When Venetian troops arrive in Epirus, they are met with heavy resistance, although this becomes moderate once troops from the vassal states mount a second offensive in the south of the state. Ports along the coast are blockaded and many settlements are looted.
    • Castilian Dip: Castile Sends an Envoy to Venice to improve trade agreements and talk about an alliance.
  • Ulster: Ulster sends an offer of allegiance to Desmond, and Ulster merchants begin trading with the continent, and hear rumours of some form of explosive powder, although they are not of much interest to the merchants, they greatly interest the noblemen when they hear of them. Ulster experiences a baby boom. Relations are improved with our neighbours, although they remain tense enough to warrant the construction of a new capital city, with a Castle at the centre.
    • OOOOkay, I'd like to call out Alien Space Bats and Implausogasms already. First of all, calling out the original for their bazzilion reforms and somehow turning Desmond into an economic powerhouse that can just 'decide to build a castle', although this particular issue is subject to whether they decide the castle takes two years to build or a more realistic ten to 20 years plus (and that's for a small 'modern' castle, Ireland isn't rich nor advanced, you know).

I'd also like to highlight that somehow the Irish became more advanced than many other places in South Eastern and Central Europe, interesting also that a Hungarian peddler should 'happen' to end up in Ireland (as we know a place of great travel and somewhere all Hungarian peddlers go as part of their training to become magicians) and more interesting that this most likely poor and unfortunate soul somehow knows the combination to make gunpowder ... WHY, IT MUST BE A CHRISTMAS MIRACLE! Praise Jesus! Rant over. Seriously, mods have a look at Desmond's post and this one.

And now, what possible problem would I have with Ulster suddenly stealing the Desmond 'fireworks' which almost certainly wouldn't be 'in-market' by now especially if Desmond was governed by any reasonable authority figure. Furthermore, why in the hell are they trying to make flame throwers? These Irish kings seem to all have crystal balls whereby they can look into the future and see things then decide to copy them! If only Venice had one, (sadness at Venice not having magic, maybe we can steal the magic from Ireland!) why we'd build a million arsenals and be done with the industrial revolution! Also this weapon will not work, I shouldn't have to explain that gunpowder will just go POOF with this weapon not ROARS! DRAGON FLAMETHROWER! GUNPOWDER is not a substitute for the liquid fuels that just about all flamethrowers in history have used.

And a further note, please people, remember almost all technological advancements are built upon old technology and are done to fill a need normally, as in to help humans adapt not to create magic at the snap of a king's fingers so he can have elite dragon warriors, also remember that many advanced technologies were state secrets and further that the creation of gunpowder is one of the biggest most important flukes in history. And no, you can't create dragons with flukes. 99.999% of the time flukes do not advance the world. Rather, they either annoy, burn, maim, wound or kill the 'inventor'.

Thank you for listening and good night.

    • To whatever mod posted this, Desmond can "decide" to build a castle, I'm not just stating that it'll be done in one year. I never, anywhere said that the castle will be done in several years. At the gunpowder, yes, I admit that was a bit A LOT of a long shot, so I'll take that away. I was not planning to use it for military purposes for 50 years, however. Thank you for pointing this out, and if you are going to call implausibility, just cross out my post! Thank you - Mr. Desmond Player.
    • PS - And yes, I can just "decide" to build a castle. If I did not "decide", who would? Those Alien Space Bats?
    • The future? You realise that the ancient Greeks invented those types of flamethrowers like ... 2000 years ago? It doesn't take a genius to make them. Hollow out a tree trunk, or stick some planks together with nails, and get some bellows - available at any good blacksmiths, and a fite at the end. Pour burny stuff in, force down bellows, and voila: Instant Flamethrower. I could make one in my garden, if I didn't mind getting arrested for burning the neighbours fence and dog. Local Mafia Boss (Talk) (Blog)
    • You do realise that the ancient Greeks didn't use gunpowder and furthermore, that knowledge of Greek flamethrowers has been lost to everyone - except probably the Byzantines who keep the secret under lock and key. Furthermore, you do realise that you are not from the medieval ages and that strangely enough most people in the medieval ages don't even know flamethrowers exist and if they saw one (even a primitive one) would probably think it's magic. It's all very well you might know these things but keep in mind that the medieval ages really don't know what you do. - Kunarian
    • @Local Greek fire is not gunpower, and at this point is only in the hands of the Romans. Nor is it simply a matter of hollowing out a tree trunk. Greek fire contraptions were large metal devices with multiple parts, making it pretty advanced for its time (or at least that's what modern historians and engineers theorize).
    • Here's a hypothetical reconstruction of a Greek Fire mechanism:
      Greek Fire
    • From the books on the subject, I was led to believe that to begin with, they were simply hollowed out tree trunks, and from my own knowledge, a weapon of designs such as that would be successful, although the 'barrel' would require frequent replacements. Anyway, if Bfox can't get gunpowder yet, it is a moot point. Local Mafia Boss (Talk) (Blog)
    • The question is not really whether the design is possible, it is. The questions are: would gunpowder work in place of liquids? which it wouldn't; would Irish people even think to build something from Greece which they don't even have any idea exists? no they wouldn't. All in all, it's a highly unrealistic action. KunarianTALK 15:29, February 1, 2014 (UTC)
    • It would work in the place of liquid. When powders are blown by high pressure, they will work well in this role. And it is not something from Greece, it is something really quite logical to make. Local Mafia Boss (Talk) (Blog)
    • You make a fuss when we get gunpowder, but Scotland have cannons ...
      • What the buck was that all about?--Collie Kaltenbrunner (talk) 16:10, February 1, 2014 (UTC)
      • Several mods and the original poster in question agreed that making flamethrowers in 1400's Ireland might be a long shot, but Local disagrees.
      • And how did flamethrowers start to be thrown around liberally in the conversation? The original post has nothing to do with flamethrowers.
    • It's less of a fuss about gunpowder, more of a fuss about fireworks and getting the recipe for gunpowder from a peddler. Furthermore, Scotland is a minor power at this point of time, not like the modern Scotland, medieval Scotland was a major rival to England at this time and an important French ally. Scotland can also easily afford cannons, imported or otherwise. Ireland really isn't on the same level as Scotland or England.
  • Jesus Christ ... Bfox said he had gunpowder. I said that if I got gunpowder from Bfox, and made this weapon. Basically a flamethrower, and the science is sound. You blow powder, at high pressure, over a flaming torch. The powder ignites, and shoots out in a sheet of fire. This is simple. However, as Bfox didn't actually get gunpowder, I have removed this. Local Mafia Boss (Talk) (Blog)
  • That science is a legitimate amount of BS ... As someone who shoots shotguns and black powder rifles for sport I know how gunpowder works intimately ... and shooting in a flamethrowing like way is in no way possible ... gunpowder pops and sparks immediately on contact with fire and is not a long drawn out flame. It creates a lot of smoke, and the fire lasts for less than half a second unless specially treated on a match. The first recorded flamethrower outside of Greek fire used petrol not gunpowder. Throwing this out there even if you have gunpowder your designs for a flame thrower don't work. -Feud
  • I agree with Feudal. Also part of the issue is that it's a bit ASB and random that they would take this newly introduced technology and make a flamethrower.
  • Japan: The emperor sends 100,000 troops out to stop the enemy from reaching the the palace. Kogon Ogimachi announces that his wife is pregnant with a baby and they will have an heir to the nation. Our military troops are being trained just in case war happens. A company of troops goes on an expedition to take over territories for the empire.
  • Mississippian River civilisations: The Mississippian River civilisations are in crisis, and are facing a potential collapse in their way of life; a fact not lost on the general populaces and ruling elites of the various settlements and communities. The scouts sent to the north at the start of the year from Cahokia return, and state that settlements on and near the coast of the Great Lakes in the far north of the Mississippian civilisation have continued to produce bountiful harvests, which have been bolstered with fish and crustaceans caught from the Great Lakes. The scouts sent to the south and east return soon after, and report terrible harvests throughout the South Appalachian Mississippian and Plaquemine, and the abandoning of settlements to move north to escape this. Within two weeks of this report back, the first of these refugees arrive into the Middle Mississippian, and spread out among the various settlements, being absorbed into the local communities. This is expected to continue if the situation does not change in the south and east of the continent. Many of these refugees end up in Cahokia, and its population goes through a revival for the first time in over two centuries, increasing by over a third before the year is complete. This places the population at around 24,000 Cahokians. Whilst this increases the magnitude of the problems being faced by Cahokia and the Middle Mississippian by increasing the use of current food stores and materials to build new housing, these refugees provide the workforce to cultivate both in greater numbers. This effectively nullifies their negative impact. Cahokia’s status as the most important location for the Mississippian people is further cemented as a result of this population influx. In an attempt to combat the bad harvests from the start of the year, new crops are planted along the confluence zone of the Mississippi, Missouri and Illinois rivers in the area surrounding Cahokia. These crops are mainly made up of maize and irrigation techniques tried and tested by the Cahokians previously are utilized to improve the chances of a good harvest. The well-established trade network between the Mississippian people allows valuable food stocks to be transported down from the Great Lake settlements down to Cahokia and the Middle Mississippian to keep food stores full. It is Cahokia's control of the manufacture and distribution of chert hoes, a valuable tool for Mississippian farmers, which allows them to trade for such large amounts of food stock. This in turn has the effect of increasing the food output of the Mississippian farmers located near the Great Lakes, which in turn leads to more food for trade with Cahokia and the Middle Mississippian. This trading for food stocks, and the planting of larger crop fields, begin to combat the long standing issue of keeping a steady supply of food in Cahokia and the Middle Mississippian in general. Waste disposal continues to be a serious issue, which is making Cahokia an unhealthy place, and leading to a high death rate. Waste materials begin to be burned in a location far away from Cahokia, in an attempt to dispose of it as a result. Due to the population influx into the Middle Mississippian, the area begins to be seen as the core of the Mississippian lands. Expansion takes place along the banks of OTL Lake Michigan.
  • Köln: The exuberant electorate nation of Köln begins upgrading its military capabilities to serve the Holy Roman Empire and the German people, and to defend Catholic peoples of Europe from outside invasion. As such we pledge support for the Byzantine Empire, which has come under direct siege from the heathen Ottoman Empire hordes. Friedrich III von Saarwerden, Elector of Cologne refuses to attend the electorate conference in Frankfurt, which incorrectly elected Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg without our knowledge. In an effort to strengthen ties with other influential German states and their trade partners, we offer the nations of Austria, Mecklenburg, Novgorod, Trier, Mainz, Bohemia, Muscovy, Florence, Milan, and Switzerland alliances.
    • Mecklenburg Diplomacy: We accept your alliance.
  • Provence: Is given a new impetus to the economy and especially trade, taking advantage of the port of Marseille. Similarly more mercenaries to protect the Royals territories are recruited. The Count of Provence offers the Count of Savoy marriage union of their descendants as a gesture of peace and permanent unit. Also alliance and trade deals are offer to France, Aragon, Castile and Austria. To this end the Count Provence starts looking wife to get a male heir.
  • Anjou: Follows the model of Provence, and improve existing military elements.
  • In Scandinavia: Queen Regent Margaret continues strenous efforts to pull the nations closer together, with a Council in February of all of the Nobles of the three Kingdoms. The result is the First Crown Charter, which states the following:
    • The kingdoms of Norway, Sweden and Denmark, and all their holdings, shall be ruled by a single Crown;
    • Said Crown shall rule from the City of Copenhagen;
    • No noble from any kingdom shall be suffered to lose land or life;
    • All nobles shall send delegates to a Grand Council, which shall meet annually, to check the power of the Crown;
    • All kingdoms shall combine their armies and navies into one;
    • All kingdoms shall agree to unite their forces against any enemy, internal or external, that threatens this Union;
    • All kingdoms shall agree to follow the laws set by the Crown and by the Grand Council;
    • Upon the death or abdication of the monarch, the Grand Council shall elect a new monarch from amongst themselves;
    • The Grand Council may impeach the monarch in extreme cases, and shall require a three-quarters majority for this act;
    • The Crown Charter shall be renegotiated and re-established every 25 years;
    • Thus established, the United Norse Crown.

The First Grand Council is called to order in July, and with the approval of the Crown, agrees to increase the navies of the Realm, by ordering 20 War Galleys built each year. In addition, Alliance and trade treaties are sent to the Netherlands and England.

  • Poland requests an alliance with the United Norse Crown. The current heir to Poland and Lithuania, Dymitr Korybut is offered to serve as a King Consort to Her Royal Majesty Margaret.
  • Hainaut and Holland Diplomacy: Albert accepts the offers.
  • England Dip: We accept all offers.
  • Grand Empire of the Timurid Dynasty: Reveling in the glory of his recent victories over the Malmuks and the Ottomans, the Emperor Timur has a revelation, that without a single designtaed heir, his empire will tumble into chaos. He designates his grandson, Amjad, as his heir. He also issues the Procamation of 1400, designating that the oldest male heir will take the throne upon the death of his incumbent. The Timur makes all others who would have claim to the throne swear loyalty to Amjad, and those who don't are executed, most notably among those executed are two of his other grandsons, and his two sons. It pains the Emperor to do it, but he states it is neccesary to keep the empire together. The land formerly composing the Black Sheep Turkomans and the Jalayirids Sultanate are officially annexed into the Empire, as is Syria and the land around Damascus. Still, with the massive victories over the Malmuks as of late, and the fact that they possess nothing of interest to the Timurids, an olive branch is offered to the Malmuks, with them recognizing the annexation of Syria in exhange for peace, The military is built up while roads begin to be constructed to connect the empire and its new provinces, most notably Syria, which gives the Timur a port on the Mediterranean Sea. An alliance targeted at the Ottomans is offered to the Byzantines. Construction of a new fleet begins in the new port, to be named the Fleet of Damascus, while another fleet begins construction in the Arabian Gulf. Expansion begins into the unclaimed Arabian pensinula. Gunpowder begins to be produced for use in cannons, which are deemed essential for any modern army by several advisors. A baby boom also begins, as returning soldiers wish to rejoice their wives. We begin to influence Delhi.
  • The Grand Master of the Teutonic Order Konrad von Jungingen begins the process of reorganizing the Ordensstaat, with the intent of transforming it into a Prussian Empire.
  • the Jochid Ulus' vizier, Ïdegay Khan, declares the convocation of a new Kurultai, the Ulus' legislature, in order to address the finding and execution of the former Khan of the Horde, Tokhtamysh. Besides the traditional Tatar and Bashkir chieftains and the Mongol warriors, he invites chieftains from Permic, Volga-Finnic, Chuvash, Ugric, Caucasian and other sorts of tribes; the reason behind this is to bribe them with power into betraying Tokhtamysh's whereabouts. This works, as a Mansi chieftain declares he's been hiding out in northern Siberia. Tokhtamysh leaves with a host of Tatar warriors, with the triple purpose of 1) finding and killing Tokhtamysh, 2) Converting the Mansi and Samoyeds to Islam and 3) expand northward to block all colonisation attempts by the Russians and Permians. The northwestern corner of the Ulus expands northward by 500 km as fortresses are built in the area. In the Volga-Kama area, the economy increases as Ïdegay decrees the rebuilding of the cities of Bolghar and Old and New Saray. In the steppe, the economy also improves as some chieftains declare that the prime farming area will no longer be given to the growth of livestock but rather to agriculture. The Jochid Ulus welcomes the Muscovite diplomats and begins to prepare to demand tribute to Great Perm, Ryazan and Rostov, as is customary. In the far west, some chieftains and warriors begin to develop an interest on gunpowder, as the rapidly-arming European gunpowder seems to be working at fielding larger armies.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund returns from Bohemia in the Holy Roman Empire after hearing of nobles plotting against him. However, as soon as he enters the nation, he is soon arrested and imprisoned by the nobles, who are angry at him for failing in various wars. Sigismund manages to gain his release after six months in prison, but soon realises things need to be made into order. He faces the choice of going to some pointless war against his half-brother or trying to work on the problems within Hungary and curtail the power of the nobles. He wisely decides to do the latter and begins reorganise lands to put them in better control. However, he receives news that nobles have plotted against him and have sent the offer to make Ladislaus I of Naples the king of Hungary. Sigismund quickly enlists a small army and with the nobles loyal to him, he takes the land of the nobles against him by force and has them executed. As a reward for supporting him, Sigismund distributes lands among nobles loyal to him. This helps to increase his popularity and prove he can win battles. Sigismund, however, readies a small number of troops to be on guard at all times in case Ladislaus I comes aknocking. Sigismund also hears that they may be some trouble in Slavonia (Garay) and thus sends the order to execute a handful of powerful noble families to greaten his control over the vassal. Meanwhile, Sigismund begins to fund greater expansion of the merchant ships and begins to look to increase trade to help the nation fill its coffers with more gold. He also begins to organise his army into more efficient structure and hopes this will help against a possible invasion by Ladislaus I or if he decides to attack and imprison his half-brother Wenceslaus IV - after all, his wife is quite attractive and could give him the heir he so badly desires. Therefore, he secretly seeks talks with the states and the Holy Roman Emperor to help him again Wenceslaus. Mods respond. Sigismund also realises he is in desperate need of alliances and soon looks to re-affirm his alliance with Byzantine. He also looks for an alliance with the Kalmar Union, hearing of their power in the north. He also looks to Iberia to see if he can make allies there. Sigismund also begins the construction of quite a few castles to the north as they are wary of Poland.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Recognising the power the King of Hungary is re-establishing in his nation and seeing the position of Hungary as one of both a dangerous nearby power and possible grand ally, the Doge decides to write a letter to them. (The following is secret to everyone bar the King of Hungary and the Doge of Venice) The Doge addresses the King in a humble manner and offers an economic and military alliance should he guarantee that he and his vassals will release all barriers to trade for Venetian merchants and vessels. The Doge further asks if they may meet with a Hungarian delegation to formalise the Hungarian claims so they do not conflict with Venice's claims and more-over to work out more areas for co-operation.
    • The Hungarian King Sigismund knows how important this offer is. He writes back, stating (same as above, secret to everyone but the parties involved) The King would be honoured to have an economic and military alliance with Venice and would be most interested in meeting the Doge to formalise proper relations and sorting out the claims of each respective nation to ensure peace can be held and support for both nations can be established in these turbulent times.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Doge of Venice writes back (same again secret) The Doge is glad to be graced with such an alliance. And with the alliances formalised and claims discussed, the Doge further invites the King to meet the Doge in his Palace for further discussions offering a fleet of 100 ships to ensure the Kings safe travel to the capital.
    • The Hungarian King writes back (secret again) He would be delighted to travel in a large fleet as that and asks the fleet to dock at January.
  • Garay: Sigismund, late in the year, executes many prominant nobles by leading a small army to defeat them and seize their lands. He quickly redistributes the lands to loyal Slavonian and Hungarian nobles and leaves the state in their control. The nobles quickly begin to implement the destruction of many old, castles which where either weak or made of wood and begin to build one or two major castles made of stone. This will help to improve the infrastructure. They also begin to redistribute the forces of the former nobles and organise them into their own, training them with their own troops to make them a part of their force. This helps ensure the control over all trops belonging to the former nobles.
  • Split: In disarray, Sigismund has not decided how to free the vassal of the chaos. Most probably, he will look to lead another small army and sort out the vassal in the following year. For how, he begins to send troops to support nobles who have declared their loyality toward Sigismund. These nobles use the troops to great effect against those opposing them and help to win many battles. However, the situation remains fluid and many castles hold out. As such, blockades of these castles are set up to starve them out or force them to counter-attack.
  • Croatia: In Croatia, Sigismund quickly allocates funds for the expansion of the merchant fleet as well as the expansion of the small naval defense fleet. He quickly sends ducats to fund this rapid expansion of the navy and he hopes to be ready for Ladislaus when he comes. He also begins to give Croatian nobles slightly more flexibility, helping to increase his popularity with the nobles. He uses this increase in popularity to begin the redistribution in foodstuff as well as the constription of a few thousand men to help form a small force which he will use later onward.
  • In Savoy the economy grows, and the kingdom prospers. The Count of Provence accepts the proposal, and in the last months of the year, a marriage between the Count and celebrated local noble, and pregnancy is announced. Wanted trade agreements with countries Italians. The process of converting Piombino into our vassal starts.
  • Trier: Begins expanding military to form a formidable fighting force. We fortify our border with France in case of attack. The alliance offer from Austria is accepted, and we too offer alliances to all other electors, Switzerland, Milan, and Florence to preserve the empire.
  • Ottoman Empire: The Turks are outraged at the loss of Ottoman influence in Qara Qoyunlu; the Sultan, however, is pleased to take the exiled monarchs into his Empire. He plans to one day continue hostilities with the Timurs to gain the lands back for the Empire. The Ottomans also request an alliance with the Mamluks (who is without a player, hmm :/) in case of another attack by the Timurs. Meanwhile, many soldiers continue to surround the city of Constantinople, but are ordered not to attack unless attacked first. The Sultan does not see much need in conquering the city, but will fight the Romans if he must. He also (secretly) slowly moves troops stationed in the Balkans toward the border of Athens, in case of an invasion by Venice. Speaking of the Balkans, with the loss of influence in the Middle East, the Sultan wants to ensure the influence that his Empire has on other nations will not be lost again (in Serbia or Wallachia, for example). With the trade agreement with Yemen, the Sultan also plans to improve the mighty empire’s naval forces during his reign to improve the economy as well as the navy.
    • Poland asks the Ottoman Empire to respect the Sovereignty of Wallachia, and King Wladyslaw II Jagiello declares than any infringement on the rights of Wallachia will be treated as in infringement on Poland itself. Wallachia is given our word of protection.
  • Wallachia: Mircea I of Wallachia, sensing a chance to increase the wealth of his nation offers a trade deal to Poland-Lithuania, and by extension Moldavia. Merchants are offered a lower tariff rate if they export Wallachian-made goods, and if they import raw materials, this move will hopeful encourage increased production in the region. Mircea I of Wallachia maintains hopes of strengthening Wallachia economically in the coming year, as Hungary, and the Ottomans seem occupied with their own affairs.
    • Moldavia, Poland and Lithuania all accept a trade deal with Wallachia. A number of Polish-speaking educators and diplomates travel to Wallachia to instruct the Royal Court in the Polish language, as well as push the agendas of the Jagiellon States. An alliance is offered.
    • Wallchia thanks the Poles for their support, and accepts the alliance.
  • Bohemia: Sensing widespread opposition among the Holy Roman Empire against Wenceslaus IV, the Bohemian military launches a coup against the king. Lord John of Liechtenstein, with his retinue of knights, comes to the aid of Wenceslaus from the Mikulov demesne. The leader of the military is crowned king in Prague, as fighting continues to oust supporters of Wenceslaus. We ask for aid from German states, the prince electors, and the Archduchy of Austria. Consequently the new army of Bohemia is expanded to conclude the war. We ask for alliances with Moravia to strengthen ties with our neighbor, the Archduchy of Austria and the prince electors, to strengthen our position in the Holy Roman Empire, the nation of Muscovy to the east, who we believe to be an influential trade partner, and the nations of Milan and Florence, to establish ourselves in the courts of Italy. We send aid to the Byzantine Empire to support their efforts against the heathen Ottoman Empire. Lastly we ask for a non-aggression pact with Poland and Hungary.
  • Nivkhs: A Nivkh cheiftain's son, whose name is lost to history, has just returned from a trade mission to China, one of the first of its kind - as the Chinese traders usually come to the Nivkh people rather than vice versa. We say that the man's true name is lost to history not because he is not known, but because we know him only through legends as Mang Hangut - meaning "The Strong Old Man". As he must have been quite young in 1400, is is highly unlikely that he was known as as strong old man at this time, but as history will show, he indeed would become one of the strongest of old men - and the father of the Nivkh nation as we know it. Much of what we know of him comes through legend - there are tales of him fighting great dragons and freeing entire Nivkh cities from bondage through mind control. We must, for the sake of history, discard these tales. Indeed, we must discard the notion of Nivkh cities, as archaeology clearly shows that no such thing existed at the time - merely collections of villiages and very cold people who scarcely resembled what today we would call a civilized Nivkh. However, we do know that Mang Hangut existed and that he was indeed a great teacher, he is mentioned in many writings from the period, mostly old Chinese-language scrolls in the bowels of the great monasteries. And we know that in the year 1400, he returned from China full of awe at what he had seen, and determined that his people must become more like the great civilization to his South. We know nothing of what was said, but we do know from Chinese records in Beijing that he soon returned to the great city, with a mandate from his father to seek Buddhist monks willing to construct a monastery in their village at the mouth of the Amur River Delta - a place we now call the city of Ñeƞdaqo. (CHINESE RESPONSE REQUIRED)
    • The Ming Dynasty gladly sends several monks to spread Buddhist teachings to the Nivkhs.
  • Brandenburg: After the nation’s defeat with Pomerania last year, it begins a process of decentralization. Jobst of Moravia, however, launches a program to increase nationalism and centralize the nation. This displeases the nobles, however, who enjoy the autonomy. Jobst tries to convince the nobles in the capital of Berlin that there needs to be a strong central government in order for the nation to be successful. The speech doesn’t go as planned, however, and some nobles and peasants rebel while others remain loyal to Jobst. Eventually the rebellion was put down and the Loyalists were rewarded by becoming nobles while the Rebels were punished by being stripped of their titles and put into exile/prison. With this victory centralization has begun in the nation and the military is also upgraded and we send 1000 troops to aid the Byzantines in their war against the Ottomans.
  • Luxembourg: With civil war looming in France, many fear the worst in the nation. As such, the military is upgraded and is stationed on the border of us and France and trade is discontinued for the time being and we instead trade with other German states and with each other. With the military build up between Brandenburg and Luxembourg we focus on the economy and trade with Bohemia and the rest of the HRE in order to support their militaries. As a result of the trading we upgrade the economy.
  • The Emperor Jianwen of the Ming dynasty continues to centralise the nations by absorbing lands and titles belonging to his uncles and the eunuchs. He also continues developing the Southern Army.

1401

The Samogitians rebel against the Teutonic Knights and burn two newly built castles, declaring their allegiance to the traditional Lithuanian gods. Teutonic soldiers are taken captives to exchange them for Samogitian hostages taken into Prussia.

A call for reform of the church begins under the Lollards, followers of John Wycliffe, a prominent theologian who was dismissed from the University of Oxford in 1381 for criticism of the church. The Archbishop of Canterbury begins pressuring King Henry IV of England to pass the De heretico comburendo Act, which would outlaw the Lollards as heretics.

Emperor Hồ Quý Ly of Dai Ngu passes the throne to his son, Hồ Hán Thương. A civil war breaks out in the Majapahit Empire in present-day Indonesia. (Will last four years without intervention).

Delhi begins to return to a somewhat normal state, and culture begins to rise again while crop yields are more than expected, allowing for a surplus.

In Appensell conflicts over grazing rights, taxes and tithes cause Abbot Kuno von Stoffeln to contact the Habsburg Count of Toggenburg asking for help. As Toggenburg prepares for war in what would have been a simple conflict, Albert IV steps in seeing that this is an opportunity to test his new military organization.

Dissatisfied with Wenceslaus's performance of his duties as King of Germany, the electors meet to consider alternatives. Frederick of Brunswick-Lüneburg is elected in opposition to Wenceslaus. However, the three spiritual electors of Mainz, Trier, and Cologne, and Wenceslaus himself do not concur with the election, and is declared legally invalid, as supported by only a minority of the electors. Frederick is assassinated two weeks later, on 5 June 1400.

A second election takes place on 21 August in Rhens-am-Rhein, electing Rupert, Elector Palatine and King of Germany. The Elector of Saxony, the Elector of Brandenburg, and the King of Bohemia are not present.

I had to remove the two events that used to be here due to the fact that they already happened last year and were completely redundant.--Collie Kaltenbrunner (talk) 06:35, February 2, 2014 (UTC)

I believe they're there to reaffirm things and summarize, considering very little of that was specifically stated throughout various turns.

Still, this is 1401. It makes no sense to have a mod event stating things that happened last year. The best way would be to incorporate this mod post into the 1400 post.--Collie Kaltenbrunner (talk) 20:07, February 2, 2014 (UTC)

First of all they could not be posted last turn since the people in question are NPC's, and MS, the writer, is banned. Secondly, this summarizes last turn's events and states things that happen in 1401 based on player's turns in 1400.

With Wenceslaus deposed in Bohemia the other electors open diplomatic relations with Bohemia. The nations of Mainz and the County Palatine of the Rhine accept their respective diplomatic offers.

Mirroring the expansion of Cahokia in the Great Lakes, economic refugees in the OTL Southeast United States flood into “Moundville” settlement in OTL Alabama.

  • Aragon expands the military and builds new infrastructure. Influence of Navarre, Corsica and Sardinia continues. Martin continues to make arrangements for his son, the King of Sicily, to take his place.
  • Hamburg: Hamburg decides to do an experiment. Small swivel cannons are attached to the sides of a ship to test their effectiveness against pirate raids. It is determined that they are effective enough to mount a number on every vessel. Hamburg requests trade with England and Novgorod.
    • Novgorod Diplomacy: We accept your trade request.
  • Bayern-Landshut: Bavaria-Landshut expands its military. Starting in March, Heinrich XVI begins influencing his neighbor country of Bayern-Munchen. Many take this as an early period of vassalization as Heinrich XVI continually petitions the lords of Munchen for tribute and manpower. In other news, the population continues to rise. Heinrich and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. Heinrich XVI sends a petition for Alliance to the nations of Saxony, Holland-Hainaut, France, and the Roman Empire. Heinrich further sends a request for royal marriage to Holland-Hainaut, asking for a wife to wed Heinrich XVI, to further the dynastic bond between the two countries. Heinrich also petitions for a trade agreement with England and Austria. In a sign of goodwill, Heinrich sends 2000 troops to Constantinople, to aid with the pious, Christian Emperor.
    • ​H-H Diplomacy: Albert can not agree to an alliance while Heinrich has intentions of uniting Bavaria but offers a treaty of friendship on the grounds that the Wittelbach lands be left alone.
    • B-L Diplomacy: Heinrich is humbled and accepts the treaty of friendship but is puzzled at Albert's insistence that Wittelsbach lands be left alone, considering that Heinrich himself is a Wittelsbach and any involvement with the other Bavarias is legitimate and all within the house of Wittelsbach
    • Pardon me. I didn't realize same house. Need to read up more. Scratch the end of my dip action. Nkbeeching (talk) 10:53, February 2, 2014 (UTC)
    • Saxon Dip: We agree to an alliance.
  • Castile: Henry III in control of the control continues his previous policies of pacifying and restoring the power of King and with Support of the Aristocracy begins displacing influential but relatively bad people. Along with this, he begins major cleanup of the kingdom's economy setting up a plan that will put the kingdom's finances in order within one or two years, it is nearly completed. The Kingdom itself begins a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Jews are tolerated more, and the heavy sales tax is removed allowing for a growing purchase from people. The Castilians embark on the conquest of the Canaries taking the islands for Spain and helping secure the extremely small French settlement. The land is opened to settlers and left secured by soldiers. The Crown itself also continues secret influence on the Courts of Navarre managing to get a larger influence over the small kingdom and many of its nobles being promised Castilian nobility if they allow Castile to gain heavier influence. Castile seeing the need for a better influx of income and less rebellious Muslims and Jews establishes a tax that protects the religious rights of Muslims of Jews as long as they pay this tax. However, this does encourage some new converts who wish to have a few more coins in their pocket as a Christian rather than poorer. The country also begins a more major program of cultural integration creating a series of schools meant to help integrate and get Castilian language and cultural superiority (this is just being finished pretty much the entirety of Castile was Castilian culture at this point) Castile extends trade and foreign relations to Aragon, Portugal, England, France, Byzantium, Genoa, Florence, to expand its trade horizons. Castile also invests heavily into the gold trade running through Granada and seizes this type of trade from Genoa who had previously been running it. The Infrastructure of the country is improved greatly with better roads being implemented. The Castilian navy also begins to show issues of running into Moroccan pirates and other ships near Gibraltar and begins sending reports to the nobility and the king asking for their possible intervention. The King of Castile requests that Venetia help in the event of a conflict with Morocco and more than likely Tunisia and Algiers. Castile officially sends 5000 troops to the Romans. Castile sends an explicit warning that Genoa is to stay out of Iberia or face the consequences.
    • Granada: As a Tributary state (vassal) of Castile, Granada remains strangely alert attempting to maintain its independence. With large amounts of Muslims the people regardless of their vassalage to a Christian state seem relatively calm. Granada in attempt to remain on good terms with Castile begins secretly helping move the gold trade toward Castile and away from Genoa helping to wrestle it from Genoa quite easily. Some merchants - at this point still trying to maintain trade dominance - are executed under a new trade laws. The Granadian military remains relatively alert and begins drills. The Infrastructure of Granada is improved as well. The Granadians see a relatively low influx of Muslims over this period due to new laws enacted in Castile. The Relatively low population of Christians in Granada begins to expand more.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice announces that it will provide full support to the King should conflict with Morocco and other African nations arise. As a sign of good faith a small detachment of ships are sent for the King to use as he will.
    • Aragon accepts.
  • Hainaut-Holland: Albert continues to include the leaders of his estates in the running of all the lands under his tutelage, allowing for greater ties with the local nobility. Albert continues to petition for the acension of Hainaut to the status of a Duchy. Albert authorizes levying laws to be passed which will permit in times of war greater mobilization of the peasants, and also hires a group of artisans and blacksmiths to replicate the cannons which are becoming increasingly seen throughout Europe. Albert's son Wilhelm of Holland fathers two sisters named Jaqueline and Katerina, Albert offers their hands upon coming of age in 1416 to both England and Denmark to strengthen ties with both states. Investment into trade and a formal navy continues with Rotterdam seeing an increase in ship crafting. 1500 troops are dispatched to Byzamtuim as promised to help protect the stronghold of Christendom in Eastern Europe against the Muslim hordes. Dutch merchants from Amsterdam become increasingly active in ports of northern and western Europe with the trade agreements with England, Scotland, and Scandinavia. As Albert grows weaker in health his son Wilhelm starts to take a more active role in the running of the estates, and begins looking toward Brabant for expansion and starts to exert influence over the state that lays between his family's lands. Walloon blacksmiths receive extra funding from the feudal lords to increase production (at the time Walloon blacksmiths were amongst the most praised in Europe.)
    • UNC Diplomacy: We accept the offer of Jaqueline, and Queen Regent Margaret offers the heir to the Norse throne- Olaf, who will be in his 20s.
    • 'H-H Diplomacy 'Albert and Wilhelm agree.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Seeing both the way that Hainaut-Holland and Venice are aligned together in fighting the Ottoman hordes and that both are influential in trade, the Doge writes to the state in hopes of diplomatic arrangements. (secret to all except the leaders of H-H and Venice) The Doge notes that both Hainaut-Holland and Venice are trade powers in the north and south respectively, in the interest of maintaining both their influence and power in trade, he offers an economic and military alliance. He also points out that an alliance would work well in furthering H-H's plans (if any) in the Mediterranean, as the Venetians are a supreme force there.
    • H-H: Albert agrees but states he has no interests in the Med Sea at the time.
  • Oyo Empire: Alaafin Oranyan continues his series of reforms to ensure the prosperity of his empire. However, the need for trade with other powers has arisen. An expedition is sent north to deal with the Mali Empire, with the hopes of establishing a trade pact with the larger nation. Tales of Malian gold and the great trade routes that extend across the near-proverbial Sahara Desert, have long been commonplace stories within Oyo. Now the time has come to confront the mighty nation face-to-face, and Alaafin Oranyan undertakes the expedition with himself as the leader of the caravan. In his place, his son Akintunde has been placed on the throne as regent until his return. Until his father's return, Akintunde focuses on expanding the nation's fleet of war canoes so as to increase Oyo's position as a regional power, as well as encouraging trade to the Oyo's only safe port city of Lagos in the south. A group of war canoes is sent south to explore the region and seek out potential trade partners for Oyo, bringing with them salt, gold and precious gems as tokens of Oyo's growing wealth and affluence in the area. Oyo's continues to expand its borders to the west, settling lands and encouraging fellow Yoruba to join the empire for the benefit of all. The relative safety provided from the hostile Akin to the far west, and the looming danger of the Benin Empire to the southeast, encourage many to join willingly if not out of fear of their immediate neighbors.
  • Papal States: An emissary is sent to Lithuania to discuss the rebellion. Military aid is offered. We hire privateers to disrupt the Ottoman Empires shipping. 15,000 troops are sent with a fleet of ten ships to aid the Roman Empire. Lollards is declared a heretical cult, and we discourage such teachings. Influence continues on our vassals. The Pope expresses his desire to explore Africa and begins funding an exploration of the continent. Military and economic expansion begins, and more training methods are put in order. Avinigo is declared a sinners den, and regarded as such. We offer an alliance with Genoa and Naples.
    • Bologna: Trade with Florence is cut off and negotiations cease. Papal control is tightened and economic expansion continues, with Bologna becoming the most economically sound of all our vassals.
    • Ancona: A more Pro-Rome policy is put in place and more Papal control is enacted. Military buildup begins. To ensure that it remains a vassal of the Papal States, the main trading partner is made Rome.
    • Perugia: A more Pro-Rome policy becomes law, and massive military build up is made. Trade is increased with Rome.
    • Montefeltro: A tax is introduced to help boost the economy. Montefeltro is the one vassal not to have Papal control tightened. Military expansion begins.
  • Florence: The Medici family continues to rise in power as renovations in Florence itself continue. The military and economy improve as work on Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore continues. The Castilian deals are accepted. Florence continues to negotiate with the House of Este, hoping to enter an alliance and eventually vassalize the nation. An alliance with the Papal States is offered.
    • Papal States Dip: We turn down the alliance, but will accept if they cease trying to vassalize Bologna, our own vassal.
      • Whoops, forgot it was yours. Disregard my vassalization attempt. LOL.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Doge would like to formally request a trade deal with the Republic of Florence. He also asks as part of this that the Medici and Roscol family come to an agreement whereby the Medici keep their banking out of Venetian territories and vassals and the Roscol Bank will do the same with Florence's territories and vassals.
      • Florentine D: We accept.
  • Lithuania: declares war on Muscovy after recognizing the issues of having another powerful Grand Duchy in Eastern Europe. Vytautas seeks support from the Scandinavian states and the Golden Horde, a former enemy, in order to subdue the threat that is emerging to the northeast of Lithuania. The Lithuanian army, led by Vytautas, marches toward the city of Moskva, but first leads a detour into Trubetsk. The pretenders, mostly minor local nobles, are all subdued or surrender without a fight to Vytautas' forces. Trubetsk is therefore closer to recognizing Wladyslaw II Jagiello as Grand Duke. Vytautas' army then attacks small towns and settlements north of Moskva, before turning south to lay seige to the city. Vytautas' wife, Stanislawa, gives birth to a son, who is also named Vytautas. Oleg II of Ryazan declares that his heir is to be Vytautas the Younger, with Vytautas the Elder to act as Regent. Meanwhile, Chernigov and Smolensk send military aid to fight off the Muscovites.
    • The Pskov Veche sees this as a perfect opportunity to get rid of Muscovy influence imposed three years ago using trickery ... (as I could find absolutely zero accounts of Moskva invading and conquering Pskov, but rather simply the prince said he was namestnik ... and the Veche went along with it) ... Pskov Veche declares war on Muscovy and sends troops and whatnot ...
  • Poland declares war on Muscovy. Meanwhile, a son is born to Anastasia Griffin and Wladyslaw II Jagiello, named Henryk. Henryk is proclaimed to be the Heir of Poland and Lithuania, and second-in-line to the Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin. The city of Krakow, and many other cities in Poland, are abuzz with excitement, and the nobles are now rededicated to the Gedimindid dynasty, as led by Wladyslaw II. The war increases the need for grain, so farmers investigate now methods of growing crops and begins to widely adopt the idea of crop rotation. Talks of improving and building a university to study begin to be more and more common. The army makes a detour into Riga on its way to liberating Pskov. The Rigan peasants who are revolting are mostly put down, and a special detachment is sent to secure the capital city. The Bishop is very greatful, and begins to be influence by Poland. Mazovia sends aid to fight Muscovy, and Moldavia sends some troops to fight Muscovy but also repositions its fleet near Constantinople to protect the Byzantines.
  • Yemen: Emir an-Nasir Ahmad is pleased that both Bengal and the Ottomans have accepted his offers. He continues to try to stabilize the realm in any way that he can. An expedition is sent north to explore Mecca for information in the case of a war. The Emir tries to increase the numbers of traders in Yemen by implementing new policies. The navy is assigned to patrol the Gulf of Aden to keep it clear of pirates and keep trade safe. Tuba bint Umar, the first wife of Emir an-Nasir Ahmad, bears a child. The boy is named al-Ahmad Mohammed. The Emir hopes that an heir to the realm will help stabilize the nation.
  • Roman Empire: The Emperor Manuel II continues to tour Europe, pleading his case. He thanks all the nations that have so far sent forces to ensure the safety of the city. Back at the capital, the influx of troops have made the city much more secure, and this is used to bolster the city's defenses. The ships that are lent to the Empire increase the naval security of the city, and now supplies can flow into the city practically unhindered. In the south, trade links with the Venetians are increased to make sure the Roman forces are well enough equipped. More may come.
    • Castilian Diplomacy: We have officially sent 5000 troops and will run interference to any Muslim powers in our region. This will be done to prevent their forces and supplies and possible naval power from helping the Ottomans.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: With the Doge's guidance many nobles are encouraged to trade heavily with Constantinople, particularly in arms, in addition Venice also sells a few ships to the Roman Empire at a tenth of their worth to help build up their naval forces (this is nothing, Venice at this time had a fleet of 3000 ships or so).
    • Roman Diplomacy: The Empire thanks the Castilians for their support. The Empire happily manages to buy ten ships from Venice after the Emperor sells some titles in Europe, and this act doubles the navy's size.
  • The Kingdom of England: Troops continue to assault Edinburgh Castle in hopes of defeating the Scotts there. In Wales, the revolt grows, but the English forces are able to contain the revolution for now. in a move to consolidate his power, King Henry IV revokes parliamentary approval in the King's Council. War in France begins to turn into a lull, with neither side fighting actively. While Henry still distrusts the French, he is careful in his movements. While the war is fairly popular among the people, Richard II, whom was recently put to death, still has many supporters. The Parliament does mention that perhaps suing for peace in the future could buy England the time it needs to rebuild and reunify. Henry Percy continues to fight the Welsh rebels, it is apparent that Glwdwyr is more defended than previously thought, though Percy remains hopeful that the Weslh can be defeated in the coming years. England accepts the offer of alliance from Holland. In London, work begins on widening the riverfront access to the Thames River. To ensure the continued loyalty of his generals, the King increases their salary and creates a pension fund. Henry Percy is held in esteem for his valiant efforts. The English navy is expanded, with newer and larger ships being constructed. The military is upgraded, with an emphasis on the long-bowmen. The King heeds the words of the Archbishop of Canterbury and issues the De Heretico Comburendo Act, branding the Lollards has heretic traitors. The son of Henry the IV, Henry of Monmouth, takes up arms in the king's army and begins to fight against the Welsh forces of Glwdwyr. More May Come.
    • Ormond: Military is expanded.
    • 'Westmeath: Military and industry are expanded.
    • Wales (non rebel): Henry, The Prince of Wales, continues with his troops to fight Glyndwr, though his hold in northern Wales remains firm, but is showing signs of weakness after his loss at Abrystrwyth. The military is expanded as well as industry to help fight the rebels and restore English rule. The Prince of England, Henry of Monmouth arrives with a detachment of Royal Cavalry and longbowmen.
    • Castilian Dip: We look to reconcile old issues and officially offer an alliance to England due to our mutual interest in keeping the Roman empire alive. We also request expanded trade.
    • By the way the map is drawn Edinburgh is within English borders so all you're doing is attacking your own castle ...
    • Rally now? How curious considering how the mod event last year stated it was Scottish owned. So therefore, I am not attacking my own castle. It is following exactly what happened in OTL.
    • Desmond Diplomacy: We ask England to engage in a non-aggression pact with us, to confront our fears that wars in Britain will not carry over into Ireland and vice versa.
  • Wallachia: Merchants are continually encouraged to export finished goods, and import raw materials. The trade routes opened with Poland-Lithuania and Moldavia begin to see their first profits, and more is expected to come. The boyars are also encouraged to loan money to free peasants looking to start their own enterprises. However, this remains extremely rare and is almost solely found in the trade towns near Transylvania, and at the mouth of the Danube. Also Mircea pledges to march an army south into Bulgaria, and perhaps father if the city of Constantinople falls under attack by the Ottomans. The Polish-Lithuanian invasion of Muscovy worries the Voivode, but prompts no action.
    • Poland's King, Wladyslaw II Jagiello sends an envoy to the Wallachian Voivode, ensuring him that the Polish attitude toward Wallachia is nothing but friendly, and that we will uphold any and all alliance and protection responsibilities that the Voivode should call on us for.
  • The Samogitan rebels install Grand Master Konrad von Jungingen as Konrad I of the Empire of Prussia in exchange for the loosening of the nation's theocratic restrictions. While the devout Konrad is displeased with the increased rights of pagan heretics, he is pleased that he was able to use the Samogitans to achieve his goals of a unified Prussian Empire. He begins plans to construct a proper national capital at Marienburg.
    • Teuton-Polish Agreement

      Map to Accompany the Danzig Treaty for Livonia

      Lithuanian Diplomacy:
      Viceroy Vytautas Gediminid recognizes Konrad as King of Prussia, intentionally not referring to Konrad as an Emperor due to longstanding tensions between Lithuania and the former Terra Mariana. Vytautas seeks ratification of the Danzig Treaty for Livonia,which has the following provisions:
      • The Prussian state shall cede a small region of Semigallia focused on the city of Ignalina to the Lithuanian state. This region, as shown in the map that is to accompany this treaty, is to span from Pskov to approxiamately halfway to the end of Lithuania's northern border.
      • The Prussian state shall be granted all privileges to acquiring Courland and Osel-Wiek.
      • The Lithuanian state shall be granted all privileges to acquiring Riga nad Dorpat.
      • These monopoly on conquest or diplomatic association shall end 25 years after the first territory of the four of them has been acquired by either the Prussian or Lithuanian state.
    • Prussia agrees to sign Poland's treaty.
  • Nivkhia: Around the year fourteen hundred and one, reckoned on the Roman calendar - which of course was totally unfamiliar to the Nivkhs of the day but widely used today - the man who would later become known as Mang Hangut did indeed return to his village with ten Buddhist monks. These monks commenced builiding a monastery, as is the obvious customs of monks in new places. The leader of these monks is known to have been named Xin Qiang Peng, and many things are said of him as well. It is highly doubtful, for instance, that "Master Xin" once miraculously healed a plague which struck the barley harvest - especially seeing as barley was not cultivated by the early Nivkhs. Nor frankly was anything of much substance cultivated by these early Nivkhs, who archaeology has shown to subsist largely by hunting and fishing. However, what is known - or at least what is widely believed - is that Xin did become close to both Mang Hangut and his father the chief, who both became devoted Buddhists. And of course we know that he built the beginnings of the Great Monatery of Ñeƞdaqo, which stands to this day. Of course, the monastery was anything but great at the time - as anyone who has visited the inner sanctum of the modern building can attest, the remaining parts of the old monastery are merely lavishly painted logs covered in Buddhist artwork, with the occasional carving rendered in reindeer antler. Spartan as it was, it must have been the most fantastical thing that the early Nivkhs had seen, as history attests that the conversion of the society to Buddhism was indeed swift. It also appears during this time that even the early Nivkhs were expanding their influence, and their borders grew by 1000 modern sq km down the coast of the Nivkh Island (OTL Sakhalin).
  • Grand Empire of the Timurid Dynasty: The Empire continues to build roads throughout the nation, and fortification of the new provinces continues, namely Syria and Iraq. The Timur calls the first Council of Nobles, with a noble from each province meeting with the Emperor in the first convening of the body. It gives him news of what is going on in the provinces, and what needs to be done to keep the people happy there. He orders several new construction projects to give the people fresh water and orders the importation of massive amounts of food in case famine ever occurs in the nation. A Royal Marriage is offered to the Golden Horde, with the Timur's granddaughter's hand being offered. Expansion continues into unclaimed Arabia by 2000 sq km, while the military is built up and testing of new cannons continues. An alliance offer is sent to Delhi and Byzantines. An embargo is issued against Ottomans, and the Damascus Fleet continues being built with new warships even sporting cannon, although not many of them. The Timur declares that the Advisory Council must meet annually to keep him up to date on the provinces wants and needs, as well as brewing trouble. Amjad begins making plans for his reign, such as beginning plans for a new palace in Tehran. Timur orders research into gunpowder weaponry, hoping to keep ahead of Europeans in the field. Cannons begin to heavily produced. Stocking up of food reserves continues, and the baby boom continues, with immigration begining to rise as well. The Timur begins organizing plans for a secret invasion of the Ottoman Empire to work with the Byzantines and take down the old enemy. We continue to influence Delhi.
  • Swiss Confederacy: We continue to influence surrounding cantons and Burgundy. The army builds another two cannons. We work on agricultural improvements and improving crop yields. We form the Alpine Federation with the surrounding cantons as an economic and political alliance outside of the HRE. Talks of unifying under the Swiss flag with Canton semi autonomy is discussed seriously. The Venetian troop buildup is seen with concern and we send 100 troops to the border to secure it. A wall is put on high priority, using the alps as a natural barrier.
    • By the way, there is no border between Venice and Switzerland and no troop buildup in Venice.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Doge asks why the Swiss are concerned with the actions of Venice, as the Swiss have never been anything but good company for the Venetians, providing many good mercenaries for them and their allies.
  • Ïdegay Khan of the Jochid Ulus declares that he has found and slain Tokhtamysh Khan and his horde "in the cold forests of frigid Nenetsia". His body is presented to Shadi Beg Khan, the young Khan of the Golden Horde. Ïdegay accepts the royal marriage offer of the Timurids, and she marries Shadi Beg. In return, Shadi Beg agrees to marry one of his sisters off to Ïdegay's son Manguday, so that Manguday's sons might claim Genghisid ancestry, rather than only Manghit ancestry. While officially Tokhtamysh is dead and the Kurultay has served his purpose, Ïdegay declares it will remain, finding it a useful counterweight to any possible aspirations of Shadi Beg. The economy of the nation in the Volga-Kama area increases as rebuilding of Bolghar, New Saray and Old Saray continues. Interest into gunpowder "handgonnes" increases, and gunpowder research begins. When the invasion of Muscovy reaches the Khan's ears, he decides to finally destroy that thorn in the Horde's side, and Ïdegay himself leads troops to burn the Muscovites' city and take their land.
    • Timurid Diplomacy: In accordance with our alliance, the Timur sends some troops to aid in the invasion of Muscovy, and wishes the Khans armies luck, as well as condolences on the old monarchs deaths.
  • Novgorod: We open up trade with Hamburg. Merchants are encouraged to trade with the neighboring Russian states and Hamburg. Novgorod starts developing a military. We also are looking into the idea of having a strong navy. Existing ships are refitted, and foundations are laid for a possible new fleet. We start building ports in the north. Citizens are concerned for our ally, Muscovy. We send supplies to Muscovy for the hardships that their nation is enduring. We ask for military access with the nation of Pskov, an ally of Muscovy. We ask the Teutonic Order for an alliance.
  • Great Perm: We continue military buildup and upgrading infrastructure. We continue to reform the economy and expand to uninhabited lands. SECRET: We prepare our forces for war and decide to join the Coalition to liberate Muscovy and have allowed the members of the Coalition to join us in liberating it.
  • France: Military and navy are built up the colony in Lanzarote continues thriving and trading with the Castilian Canary Islands. more to come. The nation continues vassalizing Burgundy and Orleans to join the nation under one stable government. While this, the English are pled to end the wars in order to pacify Western Europe, Castile is offered an alliance as Naples and Switzerland. Some troops are sent to the Romans to keep them from falling to the Ottomans.
    • Angouleme: Military and economy are built up.
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up.
    • Scottish Diplomacy: We wish to increase relations with France with two separate agendas one being a trade agreement between the two, the other being an alliance between the two as we share a common foe in England and since we are also keeping your pirates unde protection
    • Bayern-Landshut Dip: Heinrich XVI of Landshut kindly petitions the true Charles of France for an alliance and a trade agreement.
    • France D: We agree and so does Charles of France, Scottish desire is fullfilled and alliance is accepted but we do mot specify that we are going to be unable to join wars in the near future.
  • Kingdom of Naples: King Ladislaus I continues the reforms. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards, and production of new boats to combat the pirates of the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The vasalization of Ferrara and Mantua continues. The king continues sending help to the Papal States. The king continues sending ships to the Byzantine Empire to block ports and capture enemy ships. King Ladislaus I continues looking for a wife.
  • Mecklenburg: We accept the alliances offered to us from nearby German states and influential trade partners. The military begins to be expanded and we secretly support the liberation of Muscovy. We immediately start to move land troops on our border with Pomerania for the purpose of strengthening our border. Increase ship production.
  • Scotland: As we watch the English attack the once Scottish capital of Endinburgh and watch as they continuely attack their own castle if to harass the once free Scottish people or to intimidate us. We continue to build up a substantial army to stand up to England's as we believe our drive to survive as a nation is greater their kings great agenda to unite the island. We continue to also build up the Highland's defenses to be hopefully be the greatest protection any nation has seen. We continue with the paving of the roadways of Scotland. We also begin constructing a navy that will able to hold a good defensive stance against the English. We wish to speak to the Kalmar Union for talks of a trade agreement and continue talks with the small Irish kingdoms.
    • Mybe before you post something high and arrogant you should review last year's mod event. The event stated I captured Edinburgh, but not the castle which is still Scottish. So in effect you're giving me your castle because you aren't defending it.
  • County of Oldenburg: (My sincerest apologies for missing the first day, I was in the air). Count Christian V returns to Oldenburg from the election of Rupert as King of Germany. Upon his return, he is greeted with reports of the lawlessness across the border in Frisia. Distressed by the potential for the lawlessness to spill over into the border, Christian V asks the new King for permission to invade Frisia and return it to order (and perhaps add some of it to Oldenburg for safe keeping). In preparation, Christian builds up the army. As well as all this, an emissary is sent to Hamburg to try to establish better relations.
    • Trier: We ask for an alliance with the nation of Oldenburg to promote unity among the states of Germany. As a side note: You weren't at the conference in Rhens-am-Rhein. The only people invited were Johann II von Nassau (Mainz), Werner von Falkenstein (Trier), Friedrich III von Saarwerden (Cologne), and Rupert III (Palantine).
    • H-H diplomacy: Albert requests that Oldenburg refrain from conquering a country of the lowlands, Albert agrees to an intervention to restore order to the region and offers to help but requests that not a single piece of firesland be absorbed into another state.
  • Zapotec: Emperor Tlaco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, some boats are created. Tlaco orders more be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan expands into the surrounding city-states.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The rule of consolidation by the Sultan continues, much to the disappointment of his son who seeks to inherit his fathers throne. The continuing disorganization between most Islamic states in India, as well as the growing threat of belligerant Hindu powers, the military begins to become more integrated and organized, allowing Muslim, Hindus and Buddhists to all fight within the same armies, prompting more tolerance and acceptance in the diverse Bengali Sultanate. Envoys and gifts are sent to both Yemen and the Delhi Sultanate. More coins are created for the Bengali nation to encourage more expansive trading among the merchant classes, both within the country and abroad. The writing of the Yusuf Jolekha and the translation of the Indian epic Ramayana to Bengali continue. Trade influence begins to be exerted on Orissa and Rakhine by lowering the taxes on merchants who trade specifically in one of those two nations. Other merchants begin to travel farther down and around the Indian Subcontinent and Arabian Peninsula, searching for more trade ports to sell their goods that include various silks and spices.
  • Portugal begins a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, João I continues giving grants of land to some nobles to secure their loyalty. Meanwhile, Portugal begins to develop its navy.
    • H-H Diplomacy: Albert requests a trade agreement between Portugal and the lowlands and also requests permission to use Portuguese ports for safe passage.
  • Majapahit: Wikramawardhana reacts very fast to the hostility of his halfbrother-in-law. He goes with his elite bodyguard unit and 2000 armed peasants to the small village where Wirabhumi started his revolt. Wikramawardhana, thinking that it will be an easy fight, is surprised when he finds out that Wirabhumi has been training all his subjects to be at least decent fighters. Wikramawardhana found himself and his army in an empty village. Just when they wanted to burn the village, Wirabhumi attacks with his 800 big army. After a long fight, Wikramawardhana wins (I don't have to make an algo for this skirmish, right?). Wirabhumi flees to an unknown location. While Wikramawardhana is on Timor, supporters of Wirabhumi rise up in the Mjapahitian part of New Guinea and they attack a fort. After they win they loot nearby villages. After this news reaches Wikramawardhana he sends his peasants army to New Guinea to besiege the fort. He himself goes to Java to oversee the construction of a road network connecting the main cities.
  • Sicily: The five ships sent to help the Romans are compensated for thrice-fold and the message soon spreads in Siracuse that positions are available in the fleet. Many farmers start their trek to Siracuse as many believed the sea to be a sight to behold and found work in the fields not to their satisfaction. Influx of travelers improves the economy in Siracuse allowing more sea trade.
  • Venetian Republic: The fighting in Epirus continues with Corfu being used as the command base from which Venice commands naval attacks. The war is now less opposed by the Nobles in court but still harass him about the enemies at home. However, many of his opponents are silenced when the King of Hungary arrives in the capital. Whereas before the visit the people had been in chaos and the nobles causing much of it the King brought a calm and stability. Michiel stated in court in the presence of the King "Venice truly has come far, to be allied with you, my lord. Were we still living in the past we might not even have looked to you to consider an alliance", he continued onward with a speech about the future in which all his opponents remained silent.
    After the King leaves a lot of conflict reappears but Michiel is confident he has swayed some people. They argue that due to the Doge's reckless warmongering, their once trade partner, the Ottomans now send armies to their colonies borders, Michiel addressed this by saying that he sees no way forward with the Ottomans unless they turn from the west back east. In this argument for the first time, many of his allies vocally support him.
    After the success of his foreign policy, he has been able to rule with more power, as many nobles are falling into line and preferring instead to try to profit from the Republic's current success. Michiel continues to support his family's bank, but many nobles are beginning to notice it rising and are looking for corruption they can expose, so the Doge loosens his grip. Michiel further sends letters to various nations, looking further out now, asking for a variety of diplomatic arrangements.
    Finally late in the year the war in Epirus continues with the Venetians taking several major ports in the nation completely into their custody and the capturing of the King's daughter whereby one of the Doge's major allies is given the hand of the King's daughter in marriage. The King of Epirus is furious and flees to the Capital of the Ottoman Empire for safety.
    Toward the end of the year, a spy of Michiel reports that on his travels to the north he has discovered a plot to invade Venice along with other Italian city-states. Michiel asks who would dare risk such an unachievable ploy, the spy responds with "The Austrians to the north are at the head of the conspiracy, but it is the Milanese who plan to take Italy for their own with the Austrians support at that." Outraged by this plot Michiel writes to various rulers about the conspiracy being organized by the villainous Milanese and Austrians.
    • Papal States Diplomacy: We send 3000 men to support Venice, and begin expanding the military further. The Pope declares that, should any power, foreign or domestic, attempt to invade, they will face the wrath of God.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice thanks the Papal States for its support and in return Venice grants the Papal State a small group (10-20) of ships to be used as they will. Venice denounces the plotting of various land grabs by the Austrians and Milanese as un-Christian.
    • Milanese Diplomacy: Milan states that these rumors are untrue, and as a sign of goodwill opens trade with Venice. We hope that hostilities diminish.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Venetian Doge is cautious but reassured by the sign of goodwill he proposes that Venice and Milan pursue further diplomatic arrangements as to prove the rumors completely untrue and to eliminate any chance of hostilities from the Milanese or Venetians toward each other. Firstly the Doge proposes a trade alliance, with Milan and Venice protecting each others trade interests and then he proposes a defensive military alliance. The Doge stresses that this is the only way to ensure that Milan and Venice are on the same page diplomatically.
  • Saxony: We continue to place heavy influence on our neighbors of Thuringia, Anhalt and Meissen. Rudolf II begins to place heavy stress on building the nations economy and national defense, which is also meant to impress Saxon nations everywhere.
  • Kingdom of Cuzco: Soldiers are trained. Road work continues. More food is grown.We prepare for war with the Aymaras.
  • Ulster: The Earl has a Son. Nobles begin to investigate rumors of a powder that burns rapidly and fiercely. Meanwhile, many Peasants begin to be trained with the Longbow, as part of Ulster's Army. The Castle continues to be constructed, and a city begins to grow up around it. The Harbor begins to be established, and the Earl commissions a ship to begin a navy. Trade begins with Desmond, and the Earl sends an envoy to offer a mutual military aid pact to Desmond, and an offer of a trade agreement is sent to England. A nobleman sees a Blacksmith using a bellows, and gets an idea. He retreats into his Castle, and begins to work on an invention.
    • Desmond: We accept the military aid pact.
  • Bohemia: Angered by the sudden invasion of our trade partner Muscovy, we secretly begin a coalition to liberate Muscovy. We ask our allies and all German states of the Holy Roman Empire to join the war. Our army is raised and we begin positioning it on our border with Poland.
    • Hamburg Diplomacy: Hamburg offers whatever aid it is able to provide.
    • Im sorry, but no. Muscovy is uncared for throughout Europe, thought of as a backwater and of no interest to anyone aside from Novrogod, with Novrogods interest only being in there territory.
    • Maybe in OTL, but ATL there is a whole coalition to save Muscovy. You can't just single out a single nation and decide they cannot help despite being allied, economically invested, and of the same culture.
    • Well, in ATL this whole coalition is based on metagaming. As the mod said, Muscovy was not respected. They are not of the same culture as Bohemia (West vs East Slavic makes a HUGE difference), and the Germans are not even remotely similar. The economic claims are just as bogus - Muscovy lacks any real resources as of 1400, and all that are produced (grains, furs) are also produced by Novgorod and Lithuania. Furthermore, there was no intention ever stated that trade will be cut. If anything, a future war with Muscovy, Lithuania, and Poland would create stronger economic troubles than letting Muscovy be absorbed by Poland and Lithuania would. Finally, the alliance might as well be moot because it was metagaming and ASB to begin with.
    • I truly love Russia and its people, but as much as it pains me to say this, it's true. Russia wasn't regarded as a "European" nation until the mid-1700s under Peter the Great. Extensive Westernization had to be carried out before Russia as a nation was taken seriously. Throughout the time before than, Russians were regarded as primitive, largely uncultured, and lacking '''''''direly 'in prosperity, most of this being true. Russia has a long, LONG ways to go before it is considered a peer of the Europeans in the West. However, the individual European nations can still provide it with aid, as any nation that possesses important strategic interests to the West will become important to the Europeans regardless of its cultural properity or not. ~Viva
    • WHY ARE THESE NOT CROSSED OUT? Seriously?
  • Japan: The first born son of the emperor was born today. His name is Akimoto. The state of Toki has been taken over by The emperor to add to his empire. The rebelling forces tried to assassinate the emperor, but his bodyguards destroy the squad of troops sent by the Shogun trying to harm the emperor. The emperor knows that someone wants him dead, but he does not know who it is yet. The emperor's military is starting to build up fast due to this civil war happening. The forces of the emperor fight back by destroying the enemies base and taking the shotgun for questioning. The Shogun said that the reason he started this war was to gain power and overthrow the corrupted emperor from destroying the nation. After the questioning the Shogun was killed in front of a crowed in the capital city of Tokyo.
    • Several things wrong here. One Japan is not avaliable as a player state. You are playing as Ashikaga, the daimyo with the most influence. The capital is Kyoto. The Emperor is respected by the daimyo and assassination attempts are unlikely as he is not the person in power but a mere figurehead.
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. We join the coalition to liberate Muscovy and ask that all honorable states of Italy and the Holy Roman Empire do so as well. Although we cannot dedicate an army to Russia, we plan to move a force through friendly territory a few hundred miles to Poland, which borders the Holy Roman Empire. Our army is mobilized and prepared for war.
  • Trier: Continues to expand military. As we are a prestigious elector of the Holy Roman Empire, we join Bohemia’s coalition. The army is mobilized to be used by the emperor. We ask for an alliance with France.
  • Desmond: Construction begins on the new castle, named Tomasdun, built on a rocky bluff above the city. The castle's planned to be completed in around 12 years, give or take a few years. A small town begins to spring up around it, mostly devoted to servicing the needs of the masons and laborers working on it. Meanwhile, military reforms continue, with many full-time soldiers being enlisted. Poor people take the grain offered by the govenrnment, and train for the levies. Trade with the English begins, and we welcome their ambassadors to Desmond. We condemn the pirates that raid the English coast, stating that they could accidentally sink a Desmond merchant ship trading with England. Scotland/France is asked to tone down their pirating efforts, especially near ports where Desmonder ships are sailing. Plans are made, if pirates continue to harass the coast, to fly a national flag from the ship's mast to distinguish it from English warships. Cork, in particular becomes a major center of trade and refining, and the fish production of Desmond ramps up again. Mostly food is traded with the English. Many new weapons are created, but new sources of iron must be found to refine them into weapons. We create some new mines and encourage people to work in them, as we offer the same grain benefits. Many farms owned by the Earl himself spring up around his keeps to supply food for the pseudo-welfare. They are staffed by criminals, and jails become less populated, they are only for the most dangerous now. These new reforms give the core military something to do in peacetime, as sometimes criminals will try to escape. Despite these reforms, as Desmond is a puny earldom, the prison population cannot sustain the work in the fields and we need new sources of labor in the next few years. Following the wars in Britain, some fear that they could carry over to Ireland somehow. To combat these fears, we ask local clans such as the MacCarthies to join us in a confederation. Around Kildare, many people from around Desmond come together to play a major game of "Game-Ball" also known as football. It is held in a major valley, and the event is known as the "Bowl", "Kildare Bowl", or "Desmond Bowl" as that is the shape of the vale that it's held in. This marks the first major sporting event in the nation besides military-based ones such as archery and jousting. Many people within the nation enjoy it, but most Celts or Englishmen find it odd, as it combines Irish hurling, and various English ball games. This showcases Desmond's Anglo-Celtic heritage, and that both cultures are fusing.
  • Köln: Friedrich III von Saarwerden returns to Cologne following the election of Rupert III as Holy Roman Emperor. We are pleased that Bohemia has deposed of Wenceslaus and formerly open our military alliance with them again. Ties are strengthened among the states of the Holy Roman Empire. We secretly join Bohemia’s coalition. We ask the County of Oldenburg for an alliance.
  • Oman: Roads between Yabrin oasis and Sohar are paved, meaning more frankincense can be exported beyond Arabia. As such, the infrastructure is improved, followed by economic growth in the near future.
  • UNC: As P-L and the Golden Horde launch their attack on Muscovy, in order to protect our trading allies, Pskov, we join the war, sending several thousands of troops. Meanwhile, the navy continues to be improved, and the Grand Council signs several Trade Charters. As a result, several new merchant fleets sail all over Europe, commanding most trade in the Baltic, and influencing markets in the Med. Having accepted the offer from Holland of marriage, we extend several trade and military pacts to them, including a Mutual Defense treaty and a Free Trade pact. Meanwhile, tensions are stirred up with the Duchy of Schleswig-Holstein, and with the city of Hamburg. Many Danes believe these to be our lands. We announce support of England in its wars with Scotland and France, and offer the aid of our navy. We expand several hundred miles into the territory of the Saami.
  • Republic of Dubrovnik (Ragusa): Due to the Republic being a vassal, it sends its yearly tribute to the Hungarian Kingdom. Since Pelješac was acquired in 1399, it witnesses a demographic expansion. A new shipyard is being built and the Republic continues profiting from trading with their continental neighbour(s) which lack their own coastal territory.
  • Iroquois Tribes: Generations of raids, infighting and wars between the different tribes that share the Iroquois language has left the five nations (Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca) weak and disunited. One member of the Onondaga tribe, Deganawida, his beginning to travel between the different tribes promoting unity and peace. However, it remains to be seen if he can convince the tribes to unite or not.
  • Provence: Is given a new impetus to the economy and especially trade, taking advantage of the port of Marseille. Similarly more mercenaries to protect the Royals territories are recruited. The Count of Provence moves his influence in France and ask for alliance, also to the Italian kingdoms and republics. A special noble arrives in Naples to discuss a secret agreement.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice accepts the offer of alliance from the Count, and eagerly asks them to meet them soon to discuss further matters of the alliance such as future co-operation and claims to territories so that Venice and Provence are on the same page.
  • Anjou: Follows the model of Provence and improve existing military elements.
  • Ottoman Empire: The Sultan continues improves the military (who many call "the greatest in the world"), as well as the navy to improve trade relations abroad. Meanwhile, hoping to strengthen the Empire’s international relations, the Sultan sends Oman a secret trade and military alliance in case of hostilities by Timur. He also promises that any nation further attacked in the Middle East by the Timurs will face Ottoman support, and moves many of the troops stationed in Anatolia to the border of the neighboring states. Meanwhile in Europe, many of the troops at the border of Athens remain, and cite that they will not leave until the "heathens" stop their influx of troops and ships to Rumelia (the Balkans) that threaten to attack at any moment. The Sultan sends a letter to the Doge as well as the Byzantine king, telling them that he does not seek war with Venice or Europe; he wants to focus his energy on "the evil Timur," and he plans to evacuate the troops at the border and at Constantinople in a year's time, so long as they co-operate in peace agreements.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Nobles in Venice criticise Michiel for his policies toward the Ottomans and state that he should pursue a more peaceful resolution. The Doge writes back to the Ottomans and states that the Venetians would like to meet in 1402 to discuss a treaty, the meeting shall be on the small island of Aegina, and see if Venice and the Turks can come to an agreement. Should the Turks refuse to meet the Venetians on Aegina then the Venetians will continue their support moreso in the following years. Venice also invites delegates from Byzantium to these negotiations.
    • Ottoman Diplomacy: The Sultan agrees, and will send his Grand Vizier Çandarlı Ali Pasha and several other diplomats to Aegina for the agreements. He is pleased to hear that Byzantium will be joining in the discussions.
    • Omani Diplomacy: Oman accepts the proposal.
  • Repubblica di Genova

    Routes the missionaries travel in yellow

    The Republic of Genoa works more on its enormous navy and tiny army. Influence of Savoy, Luca, and Modenea begins. Trade continues and full force in the areas that Genoa commercially dominates, especially in Granada. A council of priests in Genoa hoping to find a way to end this long schism come up with a new Pope, who preaches less politics and more help of the poor for the church. The people who believe in this take jobs on Genoan traders and spread the word of this new way to look at faith. The Doge still pledges his support to the Roman Papacy.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Doge asks that Genoa checks its backlog of letters as clearly it missed one from the Doge in 1400.
    • Papal States Dip: The Pope declares this "new Pope" to be a heretic, and unChristian. he demands that Genoa destroy this hereitical movment.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice backs up the Pope stating that the second Pope is a heresy. The Doge announces that checks will be made on ships suspected of transporting the heresy and property and peoples will be confiscated and imprisoned as required.
    • I kicked you out of my vassal. You have zero trade dominance in Granada. Since it applies to my vassal I may just kill all your merchants. Oct, I'm warning you stay away from my nations.
  • Crimea: The ethnic Genoan population rises.
  • In Savoy, the economy continues growing, and the kingdom prospers. The Count's first child is a daughter, and is named Sara. We ask for trade agreements and alliance with Italians countries once again. The army hires more mercenaries. The process of converting Piombino in our vassal continue. Also we see the situation on the HRE with caution.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Republic of Venice welcomes Savoy's renewal of trade agreements and alliances. The Doge invites Savoy to send a dignitary to discuss further matters such as claims and further possible co-operation.
  • Austria: We accept Bayern-Landshut’s offer of a trade agreement. The fighting in Appensell comes to a close, as the small band of rebels is crushed by the Swiss-German army. We arrange for a treaty to be signed officially establishing St Gallen, Thurgau, Appenzell, Uznach, Wingegg/Gaster, Sargans, Rheintal, and all other pre existing Habsburg territories in Switzerland as territory of the Archduchy of Austria. By putting these territories under his direct control, Albert IV hopes to end internal fighting and secure his border. He invites the Swiss Confederation and the Duchy of Milan to the conference to ratify the Treaty of St Gallen, firmly establishing their current border, ending all previous hostilities, and cementing their current alliance. Angered by the loss of our trade partner and ally Muscovy we join the coalition against Poland and its allies. We consider the possibility of striking Poland with their focus not on their homeland, bringing in forces from the bordering Holy Roman Empire. Knowing that we would be unable to support a war as far as Russia, we choose to invade through Poland and hopefully compel Poland to release their newly acquired union in Russia. The newly established profession army of Austria and its levies begin training and are transported into allied territory in case of war. We dispel the rumor of hostilities against Venice, and hope to establish positive relations in the future. We accept alliance offers from other Holy Roman Empire and associated states, and offer the County of Oldenburg an alliance.
  • Milan Diplomacy: We sign the Treaty of St Gallen.
  • Mississippian River civilisations: The Mississippian River civilisations begin to show signs of stabilisation, but the current crisis is far from over, and the risk of potential collapse is still very real. Already divides are beginning to appear in the Mississippian civilisations, with the north dominated by Cahokia, and the south being dominated by Moundville. With the north being the stronger of the two, due to its greater population and larger settlements, as well as its greater trading materials. Refugees continue to move northward in large numbers, but many in the far south are choosing to move toward Moundville, due to its closer proximity and its prominence as the largest settlement in the south. Trade between these two largest settlements increases, and Moundville begins a small reliance on Cahokia for certain resources not available in the south. The settlements on and near the coast of the Great Lakes in the far north of the Mississippian civilisation continue to produce bountiful harvests, bolstered with fish and crustaceans caught from the Great Lakes. These settlements begin to grow in size, to make room for the now steady flow of Mississippian refuges from the South Mississippian. The flow of refugees arriving into the Middle Mississippian continues, and they spread out among the various settlements, being absorbed into the local communities. More refugees end up in Cahokia, and its population continues to go through its revival. This places the population at around 28,000 Cahokians. Like last year, these refugees effectively nullify their negative impact by increasing the workforce available to cultivate new food stocks and gather resources. Cahokia’s status as the most important location for the Mississippian people is further cemented as a result of this continued population influx. The new crops planted last year along the confluence zone of the Mississippi, Missouri and Illinois rivers in the area surrounding Cahokia are successful, and as a result Cahokia’s food stocks increase, leading to a small surplus. New crops are replanted in these areas. Irrigation techniques are refined to see if they can improve quality of the overall harvest. The well-established trade network between the Mississippian people allows valuable food stocks to continue to be transported down from the Great Lake settlements down to Cahokia and the Middle Mississippian to create a greater surplus in the food stores. Waste materials continue to be burned in locations far away from Cahokia. More efficient methods of transporting these waste materials out of Cahokia begin to be utilized. These methods are based on the use of thickly woven baskets carried on the backs of citizens, to transport it out of Cahokia. Fire pits begin to be used instead of open fires, allowing the ashes of the waste to be buried once the fires are out. The prevalence of disease, and Cahokia’s death rate, both begin to see a decline as a result. The continued population influx into the Middle Mississippian continues to cement its position as the core of the Mississippian lands. Expansion continues to take place along the banks of OTL Lake Michigan. This expansion is curving round the eastern side of the lake.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund travels to Venice at the start of the year to meet with the Doge. He leaves with a smile clearly on his face and he feels he has achieved a lot of things with the visit. Sigismund continues to cement his power, and he mobilises soldiers to mend conditions in Split. The nobles loyal to him send troops to support his endeavour to bring order to the broken vassal and make peace. Sigismund stil has troops on guard in case Ladislaus I comes aknocking. Sigismund continues the expansion of his merchant fleet and the deals signed with Venice help provide funding for more than 20 ships being built and launched rapidly, quickly giving the merchants greater power. On his orders, some soldiers are sent in to aid the escape of Sophia of Bavaria, and they help her escape to Hungary. Wenceslaus IV had forgotten about his wife in a bid to escape from the military in his nation. He is taken aback by Sophia and gives her some land and a fancy house to live in for the time being. He hopes to build relations with her and perhaps make her his wife. Sigismund also realises he is in desperate need of alliances and soon looks to re-affirm his alliance with Byzantine. He also looks for an alliance with the Kalmar Union, hearing of their power in the north. He also looks to Iberia to see if he can make allies there. The construction of the castles in the north continue, while the army continues to train, with many soldiers moving with their king to Split where they take part in the disarray and help their ruler. The campaign is a success and Sigismund returns a proud man. However, he hears his allies, the Venetians are sending troops to help in a war against Muscovy. As such, Sigismund quickly sends the troops he has gathered from Croatia as well as soldiers from Hungary, Garay and a few from Split to help their honourable allies. Toward the end of the year, he begins to order the training of a large amount of peasants to make them better soldiers.
    • The UNC acccepts.
  • Garay: The few castles continue to be constructed and already the infrastructure of the land can be seen improving as there are no broken and old castles to take care of, allowing more better distribution of resources. The nobles on the land continue their efforts to increase productivity as well as increase the amount of trade between lands so that they can profit and help fill imperial coffers. As well as this, the soldiers of the nobles train against each other and some are sent to assist their lord.
  • Split: Many castles fall due to the nobles inside being starved out. However, progress is slow ... until Sigismund shows up with an army to put the vassal back into order. Using the bases of loyal nobles, his army quickly begins to quell dissent and take castle after castle due to their great numbers and superior training. However, some loyal nobles in the vassal betray him and attack his forces while they were on the move. This does not go down well with Sigismund, and he sends around a third of his force under his top general to defeat the nobles. He orders the general to bring him the heads of the traitorous nobles. Meanwhile, he continues his endeavour and eventually crushes all the nobles against him, rounding them up and executing them. His general, too, is successful and brings back the heads to display. The vassal is now under the control of Sigismund. He quickly begins to redistribute lands to loyal nobles in Split as well as those from Hungary. This helps to bring many nobles from Hungary, who settle the vassal and begin to order about their workers in their lands. Control of Split has been re-established, and trading is purely worked on to help create trade and revenue. Sigismund returns to Hungary late in the year.
  • Croatia: In Croatia, 20 ships are launched with the help of the Venetians and these will help extend the trading power of Hungary, which has until now only been a land power. The navy continues to have ships being constructed for them and it is hoped by next year the first of these ships will be launched with great joy. His popularity with the nobles still runs high and they allow him to have the extra troops he desires. Meanwhile, they focus on economic issues and with the new ships look for trading opportunities.
  • Emperor Jingwen continues the unpopular policies of centralisation. He continues developing the Southern Ming Army and moves them south to the border with Dai Viet.

1402

David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland, dies while being held captive by his uncle, Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany. Conchobar an Abaidh mac Maelsechlainn O Cellaigh succeeds Maelsechlainn mac William Buidhe O Cellaigh as King of Uí Maine in present day County Galway and County Roscommon in Ireland.

The rebel army of Zhu Di occupies the Ming Dynasty China capital Nanjing. Emperor Jianwen is either lost or killed and Zhu Di is crowned as Emperor Hongwu. This marked the end of Jingnan campaign. The Kangnido map of the world is completed in Joseon Dynasty Korea.

After the Christian Knights of St John, who are ruling Smyrna, refuse to convert to Islam or pay tribute, Timur has the entire population massacred. The Knights of St John subsequently begin building Bodrum Castle in Bodrum to defend against future attacks.

Maria II Zaccaria succeeds her husband, Peter of St Superan, as ruler of the Principality of Achaea.

Athens is captured by the Florentine Antonio I Acciaioli “the Bastard,” who reclaims his title as Duke of Athens. He begins to steer his duchy down a path of neutrality, military strength and economic and cultural revival.

The University of Würzburg, Germany, is founded.

The Great Comet of 1402 is sighted.

The Moundville civilization begins to stabilize, extending its borders roughly to the border of OTL Alabama and Kentucky.

Rupert of the Palatinate begins his reign as Holy Roman Emperor with Wenceslaus deposed. With his rule secure he approves the offer from the County of Oldenburg to pacify East Frisia for the empire.

The Georgians, feeling threatened by the Timurids, send a plea to the Ottomans asking for an alliance. The White Sheep Turkmen Empire, moves its capital from Amida to Diyarbakır.

The nations of the Kalmar Union, Poland, Lithuania, and the Golden Horde invade the nation of Muscovy, making quick progress against the Muscovite army.

  • The Prussian Empire continues to solidify control over its territory, with construction on the capital of Marienburg continuing. The Prussians also begin to assimilate the Livonians into the new nation, which has unforeseen linguistic side effects. The Prussian propose an amendment to the treaty of Danzig that stipulated that Riga is transferred to Prussia after 100 years.
    • Austrian Diplomacy: Brave nation of the Teutonic Order, we come to your aid against the nation of Poland, and ask that nations of the Holy Roman Empire join us.
    • The Hungarian ruler Sigismund asks the Teutonic Order for an alliance so both nations can stand tall together and support each other in these troubling times.
      • The Prussians accept the Hungarian alliance.
    • The counties of Hainaut and Holland request a trade agreement with Prussia and request free access to Prussian ports. We offer complete recognition of the Prussian state as the evolution of Teutonic order.
    • The Prussians accept H-H's offered trade agreement.
  • Oyo Empire: Oranyan and his caravan enter into the Malian capital of Timbuktu, bringing with the gold, silver, gems, weapons, works of art, and slaves, and present them to the King of Mali as a gift, seeking to establish a trade pact with their northern neighbor. The proposal is accepted, and the Oyo Empire establishes a new trade route with the Mali which ensures profit between both empires. Before Oranyan and his bodyguard return home, he instructs the merchants that came with him to continue heading north along the desert trade routes to see where the Mali are sending their gold, and if the nations on the other side of the great desert are equally wealthy, to establish new trade deals with these nations as well in the name of Oyo. As they part, Oranyan brings home with him thousands of warhorses breed by the Mali to Oyo, with plans to interbreed these new horses with those back home, seeking to birth a new group of horses that are capable of fighting in the dense jungles north of Oyo. Additionally, he also brings many maps with him from Mali, which show to him a great land to the far north known as Europa or Europe. With the location of his land shown on the map, as well as the way to Europe show, though oddly nothing of the far south on the map, Oranyan plans to expand this region of the map with his own resources, and plots his next course of action as he returns home to Oyo-Ile. Back home, Akintunde continues to expand his father's programs, seeking to develop the industrial capacity of his nation to produce more ironworks and farmland. He orders the settlers to expand their lands 10,000 km to the west, instructing them to convince fellow Yoruba to integrate into the Oyo nation, and training them in the skill of advanced agricultural harvesting, using iron tools and fertiliziers. Additionally, he encourages the new subjects to work their way out of subsistance farming, but to produce more foods that can support the nation as a whole rather than the village they hail from. The war canoes sent to explore the southern coastlines before Oranyan's departure have already encountered several friendly tribes, and have gained their confidence enough to gain many goods with which to return to Lagos.
  • Novgorod: We are also increasing our military power. We are looking for nations to help. Over dozens of ports have been built in the north. Trade across the Baltic Sea is now being encourage for our merchants and our traders. We are looking into building navy in the near future. Within in the next several years. Citizens are upset and worried about Muscovy. We ask of an alliance with Milan. We also ask Mecklenburg for a trade request across the Baltic.
    • Mecklenburg diplomacy: We accept your trade request across the Baltic.
  • Bayern-Landshut: Bavaria-Landshut expands its military. Starting in March, Heinrich XVI begins influencing his neighbor country of Bayern-Munchen. Many take this as an early period of vassalization as Heinrich XVI continually requests the lords of Munchen for tribute and manpower. In other news, the population continues to rise. Heinrich and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. The government denounces Austria and refuses to declare war on Poland. 200 cavalrymen are sent to the Roman Empire. Heinrich XVI kindly petitions France for a royal marriage, asking for a wife to which Heinrich may wed and have children.
    • France D: Isabella of France is offered to the Bavars for royal union.
    • B-L Dip: Heinrich graciously thanks both Charles of France and Isabella for their decisions.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire continues to expand trade, and this allows the Empire to expand some of its defenses and infrastructure. In Constantninople, John VII begins a small infrastructure restoration project, leading to small restoration works on the city's roads, buildings, hippodrome, and Haiga Sophia. The new navy purchased from Venice allows the Empire to project its influence over southern Greece in larger quantities. Economic pressure is put on Achaea to convince them to join the Empire. Manuel II returns from Europe to represent the Empire in negotiations with Venice and the Ottoman Empire, and await them to join the conference. The Empire takes in a few nobles and refugees from the falling Despotate of Epirus, recognizing the state's Roman origin and that most of its nobles therefore count as Roman. Most are settled in the Desporate of Morea, and competant ones are put in military or economic positions to help the Empire. The military in Morea is mobilized because of the events in Athens and the aggressive reputation of its restored Duke, although no miitary action is to be taken as of now.
    • ​Bayern-Landshut: Heinrich XVI requests an alliance with the Roman Empire and a possibillity for a minor royal marriage between two courtiers in the future.
    • Roman Diplomacy: We accept the alliance, and we will look into the royal marriage closer to when our royal sons and daughters are of age.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice sends its fleet to support the Romans in putting pressure on the Achaeans.
  • Hamburg: Hamburg begins trading men to aid in the war against Poland. The government, impressed by the gunpowder cannons on their ships, order more research into it. Specifically to see if it is possible to allow it to be harnessed by a single man. Hamburg requests trade with Venice and Genoa.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice accepts the alliance proposal and says that should Hamburg require any support in the Mediterranean they just need ask.
    • Saxon D: We request trade with you.
    • Hamburg D: We thank Venice for their support, and we accept Saxony's request.
  • Great Perm: We continue to reform the economy and expand to uninhabited lands. While at the same time, we declare war on Poland and send full military support to Muscovy and send troops to our borders to protect the nation, but simultaneously send a few thousand troops to assist in the fight to save Muscovy from defeat.
  • Desmond: Construction on Tomasdun Castle continues, and the town continues to build up around it. We continue to give out food to those who serve in the military and work on the castle, helping to quicken its slow construction. Food production as a whole increases, with the ramping up of fishing and farming, allowing for a higher birthrate, which begins to climb. The first major road in the nation is built between Cork and Kinsale, allowing for increased economic activities in the region. The military reforms continue, and people are given grain for entering into the levy. The criminals of Desmond continue to farm the Earl's fields, policed by his elite knights, but people to farm them are growing thin, but not dangerously so. Trade continues with England, and with the war going on in the sea, we plead both nations for a quick end to the war. A national flag is in the process of being designed. We continue to ask England for a non-aggression pact. A few ships go elsewhere to trade, to continental Europe, and they bring back some luxuries enjoyed by modern Europe. We continue to ask the MacCarthies to open negotiations on reforming the old Kingdom of Desmond, and offer any clan our protection if they pledge allegance to Desmond.
  • Aragon expands military and infrastructure. Martin of Aragon dies and he is succeeded by his son Martin of Sicily. Sicily and Aragon are now in personal union. Martin II announces that he will be succeeded by whatever monarch of Navarre, since he does not have a successor. This resolves the succession crisis. Aragon continues to influence the islands of Corsica and Sardinia, now having established proper control over half of each island. Aragon also expands north into unorganized Basque territory.
  • (*Hang on. How can Martin of Aragon just fall down dead? In the real life timeline he didn't die until 1409? And he died while at Sardinia. Additionally, he has a heir, Peter, as he didn't die because the game starts at beginning of 1400 right? ASB?*)
    • Well, this is not OTL. He could have very well have died in 1402. Still, Martin has a successor.
  • Fun fact, Aragon is now ruled by the King of Sicily. Scraw has eliminated himself from the game!
    • Well, he can stay, but he is going to have to share his monarchy with DatStar.
  • Kingdom of Naples: King Ladislaus I continues the reforms. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards, and production of new boats to combat the pirates of the Mediterranean. Territorial defenses continue being built based on border forts. The vasalization of Ferrara and Mantua continues. The king continues sending help to the Papal States, so he can consolidate his lands. The king continues sending ships to the Byzantine Empire to block ports and capture enemy ships. Adjacent to our kingdom lies the Principality of Zeta. It is a rich land and strategic point in our plans against the Ottomans. King Ladislaus I see it that way, and therefore decides to impose his authority on that site. Zeta has a weak internal structure, and can easily succumb to the political pressures of our ambassadors. The plan of Naples is to turn Zeta into one of our satellites, and thus consolidate our power in the Adriatic Sea. Economic, military and political pressures combine to force a powerful subjugation within five years. King Ladislaus I continues looking for a wife.
  • Castile: Henry III in control of the control continues his previous policies of pacifying and restoring the power of King and with support of the aristocracy begins displacing influential but relatively bad people. Along with this, he begins major cleanup of the kingdom's economy setting up a plan that will put the kingdom's finances in order within one or two years, it is completed. The Kingdom itself begins a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Jews are tolerated more, and the heavy sales tax is removed allowing for a growing purchase from people. The Castilians settle the Canaries creating a few settlements and creating the Kingdom of the Canaries which recognizes the Castilian king as the actual suzerain king. The Crown begins throwing influence into Genoa looking to debilitate them in any way possible. This is done in secret and is particularly successful with some influential Genoans looking to gain higher profit from Castile. Castile seeing the need for a better influx of income and less rebellious Muslims and Jews establishes a tax that protects the religious rights of Muslims and Jews as long as they pay this tax. However, this does encourage some new converts who wish to have a few more coins in their pockets as a Christian rather than poorer. The country also begins a more major program of cultural integration creating a series of schools meant to help integrate and get Castilian language and cultural superiority (this is just being finished pretty much the entirety of Castile was Castilian culture at this point) Castile also invests heavily into the gold trade running through Granada and seizes this type of trade from Genoa who had previously been running it and per new local laws begins imprisoning Genoan merchants as they are breaking new local trade laws in Castile and Granada. The Infrastructure of the country is improved greatly with better roads being implemented. The Castilian navy also begins to show issues of running into Moroccan pirates and other ships near Gibraltar and begins sending reports to the nobility and the king asking for their possible intervention. Castile sends an offer of alliance to Naples and expanded relations with the Kalmar Union. We also send an alliance offer to Florence. Castile begins mobilizing ships and troops shutting out Genoan merchants and ships. Castile also begins to harass Moroccan trade by sinking a few ships. Castilian trade ships begin to travel in convoys with Granadan trade ships as well. King Henry begins looking for a wife for his new son John and begins looking for various powers for his wife in the future for promise. The Castilian King implements a royal education system in order to allow for capable rulers and puts his son into the program in order to give him the education needed to rule the country effectively. Castilian settlers also begin expanding into the Straits of Gibraltar and other areas surrounding it as it is unorganized and seize parts of it relatively easily - 400 sq km. A small Castilian settler group looking for a bit more freedom as merchants set up a small settlement on Cape Verde Islands
    • Naples Dip: We happily accept the alliance offer.
    • Portuguese Diplomacy: Given the offer of royal betrothal, Portugal offers Isabel, daughter of João I and some years older than Juan of Castile.
      • Castilian Dip: We agree to this royal betrothal in the hopes it can repair the problems the previous king caused.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: In response to the Genoan creation of an Anti-pope, Venice makes efforts to assist the change in flow of the gold trade out of the hands of Genoa and into the hands of Castile.
    • H-H Dip: Hainaut and Holland request a trade agreement with Castile and access to their ports along with a defensive pact.
    • Castilian Dip: We agree.
  • Granada: As a tributary state (vassal) of Castile, Granada remains strangely alert attempting to maintain its independence. With large amounts of Muslims the people regardless of their vassalage to a Christian state seem relatively calm. Granada in attempt to remain on good terms with Castile begins secretly helping move the gold trade toward Castile and away from Genoa helping to wrestle it from Genoa quite easily. Some merchants, at this point still trying to maintain trade dominance, are executed under a new trade laws. The Granadan military remains relatively alert and begins drills. The Infrastructure of Granada is improved as well. The Granadans see a next to no influx of Muslims over this period due to new laws enacted in Castile. The relatively low population of Christians in Granada begins to expand more with Christian immigrants from all over Iberia settling in certain areas The religious tax enacted keeps most anti-Christian groups in check and the rest see it better to leave and go to neighboring Muslim countries rather than a relatively passive Granada. The Granadan trade ships begin to travel with Castilian ones for better protection. Granada begins to show a superiority complex to other Muslim nations and begins showing hostility to Moroccans in general deeming them "lesser" than the Granadans. This has to do with the many secretly corrupt officials who have begun major galvanization of the populace against other Muslim states and enemies to Castile which are now being lumped as Granadan enemies as well.
  • Ottoman Empire: Military and naval expansion continues, as the Sultan prepares for war with Timur as rumored by government officials. The Ottomans agree to support Georgia along with the other buffering nation states between the Turks and the Timurids. Meanwhile, as promised, the Grand Vizier visits Aegina to discuss a peace treaty with Rome and Venice. Under the advice of the Sultan, the Grand Vizier proposes each of the following: 1. The Ottomans will remove their troops and fleets surrounding Constantinople and Athens, and offer an armistice lasting 10–15 years, or longer if so requested, as well as a trade agreement. 2. The Ottomans and the former King of Epirus will recognize Venetian sovereignty over Epirus; however, the former King proposes that he become the successor to the declining Despotate of Arta (of which the ruling family was in civil war over leadership), to be under Ottoman protection, and 3. The support (or neutrality) by the Venetians and/or Romans for the Ottomans in the event of war involving the Timurids. This will be reciprocated by the Ottomans in the event either of the two nations go to war (e.g., Venice and the recent threat of invasion). You may add to these or propose changes below.
    • Wallachian Dip:​ Wallachia would be pleased by a non-aggression treaty, and would be highly supportive of a trade deal, if the Roman Empire accepts the Ottoman offer of armistice.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The three delegations of the Venetians, Ottomans and Romans gather in one of the houses of the governing Rettore. After a feast the Grand Vizier stands and starts to speak of treaties. The Venetian delegate, a relative of the Doge, and the Emperor of the Roman empire listen carefully while occasionally telling a scribe to note things. After he finishes the Venetian delegate stands and says "Thank you for such generous offers. I have been granted the right to speak on the behalf of both Venice and the Roman Empire. After listening we have three things we would like to offer you, please feel free to take each as separate parts of a whole, you need not agree to all if you wish to only agree with one or two." He then lays out the several sections of their proposals for the Ottomans to take up (please note that the years for the non-aggression pacts are cumulative. e.g. choosing sections One and Two will give a non-aggression pact of 35 years):
      1. The Ottomans hand over an extended area around the Golden Horn (the area detailed in yellow on the map). In return the Romans will offer a trade agreement to last for ten years. Further Venice and the Roman Empire will sign a non-aggression pact to last for ten years.
        Aegina Treaty PM3 1402

        The map of lands affected by the treaty, current Venetian lands are in green and Roman in purple

      2. The Ottomans hand over Thracia to the Roman Empire and the Greek Islands to Venice (the areas detailed in orange on the map). In return Venice and the Roman Empire will sign a non-aggression pact to last for 25 years.
      3. The Ottomans hand over territories near the Duchy of Athens to Venice and further territories north to the Roman Empire (the area detailed in red on the map). In return Venice and the Roman Empire will sign a non-aggression pact to last for 15 years.
      4. Concerning Epirus and Arta, Venice will recognise the recently dethroned Kings claim to Arta should the Ottomans and the King recognise the Doge's relative now married to the King's daughter as having inherited her claim to Epirus. Both Venice and the Ottomans will assist the other in defending these claims.
      • Concerning the Timurids: Venice and the Roman Empire will offer to stay neutral for the length of the non-aggression pact should the Ottomans agree to at least two clauses from the above four.
      • On a final note agreeing to any one of these will mean that all involved in the signing will stand down their fleets currently posted in Constantinople, except of course the Roman fleet which docks there.
    • Timurid Diplomacy: So should the Ottomans accept, you will leave the Timurid Empire to fight the Ottomans alone. This treachery will not be allowed, and the Empire annuls all treaties with the Byzantine City States.
    • Roman Diplomacy: Several Roman nobles propose that the Ottomans and Timurids divide the territories in the east so that uneeded war does not break out between the two powers.
      Aegina Treaty Ottomans PM3 1402

      Agreed-to proposal by the Ottomans.

    • Ottoman Diplomacy: The Grand Vizier is pleased to hear the Venetian proposals and thanks them. After discussing with his associates, he agrees to the first and third proposals, growing the size of Constantinople's territory, but wishes to keep Venice's expansion into Rumelia to a minimum, and highlights the lower territory (as shown) that may go to Venice; he cites the protection of Arta being a necessity to have access to. (Also note that the islands shown for the second proposal are, if I recall correctly, Genoa's). He is also glad to see that Rome and Venice will be neutral during the war, and agrees on the peace as well as the removal of troops from Rome. If there is nothing else in the treaty to address, he will kindly sign the agreement. As for the Roman proposal for the Timurid-Ottoman feud, the Grand Vizier is interested in the idea. He will talk to the Sultan about it when he returns.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Venetian delegation is glad to hear that the Ottomans are ready to hand over the two territories around Constantinople and Athens, however, notes that the non-aggression pact to be signed will only be 15 years long, as the third proposals 15 year extent was based upon the further surrender of lands. The scribe draws up a formalisation of the treaty which the Venetian delegation signs (sign if you agree, then the treaty can be properly ratified):
    • Roman Diplomacy: The Romans wonder if the territory ceded to them in Anatolia includes the city of Nicomedia, as that would allow for greater defense of the straits.
Aegina Treaty Final PM3 1402

Final Map

The Treaty of Aegina (1402)
1. The Ottomans shall surrender the yellow and orange areas to the Romans and Venetians respectively.
2. A non-aggression pact will be in place concerning all signatories for 15 years following this treaty.
3. Venice will recognise the recently dethroned Kings claim to Arta while the Ottomans will recognise the Governor General of Epirus's inheritance of claims from the dethroned Kings daughter. Furthermore, the Ottomans and Venetians will protect each other's claim to said lands.
4. All signatories - barring the Romans - will stand down their naval presence in and around Constantinople.
  • France: The military and navy are built up. The influence of Burgundy and Orleans continues to some success as French royalist troops can now easily cross their territory is needed, While this, Charles and Louis of Orleans, promise to Philip of Burgundy joint control of France if accepts submission to the King and to France itself. While this, skirmishes continue in England's holdings of Guyenne and southern France. However, peace continues being the biggest concern of the kingdom as the war has lasted too long and too many individuals have given their lives for an useless conflict such as the war has possed itself to be. While this, French sailors continue fleeing to some extent into St Marie d'Africa and populating the region.
    • Angouleme: Military and navy are built up. Economy expands and the population grows.
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up. French fleeing the conflict in France begin flooding this region.
    • H-H Dip: Albert I requests a secret deal with France over the splitting of Burgundy. And also requsts a mutual defence pact against Burgundy or the German states.
    • Swiss D: Rather than compete in influencing Burgundy, the Swiss propose a non-aggression pact, and French territorial concessions to our nation in exchange for our support in your claim to Burgundy.
    • B-L Dip: Heinrich XVI supports French sovereignty over Burgundy and requests a role in the splitting of Burgundy. A royal marriage between Heinrich and a French princess is also asked.
    • France D: For now the requests from Holland, Switzerland and Bavaria are dismissed claiming that relations with Burgundy are for now getting to some extent better, and that land swaps will if occuring, occur later when the region is fully under control of the kingdom, and when the situation is not so volatile throughout France. However, the alliance with Holland is indeed accepted, against both Burgundy and German states if needed.
    • I'll give you all land when I actually have Burgundy. LOL. Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk)
  • Yemen: Emir an-Nasir Ahmad continues to implement policies to increase the numbers of traders in Yemen. He also starts implementing policies to help build up the navy. The navy continues to patrol the Gulf of Aden to help protect trade in the area. An envoy is sent to Europe to look for new trade partners. The Emir himself decides to lead the envoy through Europe. The first stop of the envoy is the Roman Empire. The Emir requests an audience with the Roman Emperor. The Emir decides to stay the rest of the year in Constantinople. Marshall an-Mohammed Nasir becomes the regent of the Rasulid Emirate for as long as the Emir is away. He decides to try to keep his period as regent fairly quiet by doing as the Emir instructed him before he left.
    • Roman Diplomacy: The Emir is entertained by a state dinner, attended by the commander of the city, John VII, who is representing the Emperor while he negotiates with the Ottomans on Aegina. John VII is open to what the Emir has to say.
    • Rasulid Diplomacy: The Emir presents John VII with many gifts, such as coffee and many types of incense, to present to the Emperor. The Emir then begins to discuss the possibility of a trade agreement of sorts possibly.
  • Wallachia: More efforts to get merchants to export Wallachian made goods. The trade routes opened with Poland-Lithuania are profiting nicely, and the treasury is slowly filling. The construction of a grand port begins in Sulina, and a general repair of the road system is planned for the following year. Trade with Transylvania in the north and the Bulgarian-Ottomans to the south will hopefully strengthen the economy of Wallachia further.


  • Bengal Sultanate: The rule of consolidation continues, but begins to expand into the need for more resources for the Sultanate due to the perceived threat of the Hindu powers to the south of Bengal. This perceived need for expansion as strength is met by expanding into the disorganized Jaunpur Sulanate by 250 sq km. Since the lands of Jaunpur and Bengal used to both be under the banner of the Delhi Sulanate, integration of the people is relatively easy. In order to increase the relations to his vassals, both Hindu and Islamic, the Sultan finances the construction of two mosques and two mandirs in the cities of Pandua, Gauda and Dhaka. More coins are minted to facilitate more growth of the merchant class, but at a reduced rate to curb any rampant inflation. Trade influence continues to be exerted on Orissa and Rakhine. With the Bengali merchants exploring for more trade ports, offers are sent to Oman (needs mod response), Ayutthaya (needs mod response), and the Timurids to open their ports to Bengali traders, who seek to sell spices, silks and other products. The writing of the Yusuf Jolekha is completed, and is one of the first major poems written in Bengali, created by a Bengali. The translation of the Indian epic Ramayana to Bengali is nearly completed, much to the satisfaction of several different Islamic poets in Bengal, and the Sultan, known as a patron of literature. The Sultans son continues to be disdained by his fathers concept of consolidation, even though he has begun expansion into Jaunpur.


  • The Kingdom of England: Henry Percy continues to fight the Welsh rebels, fighting grows heavy but Percy, even after being approached by rebel members hoping to bribe his allegiance, Percy remains loyal to the crown thanks in part to the King recognizing his value to the realm and paying the soldiers in his command. England accepts the alliance offer from Castile and asks Desmond for an alliance. In London, work begins on widening the riverfront access to the Thames River. To ensure the continued loyalty of his generals, the King increases their salary and creates a pension fund. The English navy is expanded, with newer and larger ships being constructed. The military is upgraded, with an emphasis on the longbowmen. The King heeds the words of the Archbishop of Canterbury and issues the De Heretico Comburendo Act, branding the Lollards has heretic traitors. The son of Henry the IV, Henry of Monmouth, takes up arms in the king's army and begins to fight against the Welsh forces of Glwdwyr. He is valiant in battle and has become a fearsome opponent, though many people begin to question his overly violent methods. The two youngest sons of Henry die this year from an unexpected illness despite the best of money. Leaving a young man name Thomas heir apparent if Henry of Monmouth dies. Despite this he is order by King Henry to lead his men in Brittany. A ceasefire and non-aggression pact is signed with Scotland. after a few years of quiet, spies from the House of York are sent among the nobles and common folk to stir up resentment for the King and his botched management of the war, With some even questioning the war all together, though these remain merely quiet whispers in the darkest corner of Inns and taverns. Albert Spinnet creates the first type of piano. In York a new game called "golf" begins. The Alliance offer by the UNC is accepted.
    • Ormond: military is expanded.
    • Westmeath: military and industry are expanded.
    • Wales (non-rebel): Henry, The Prince of Wales, continues with his troops to fight Glyndwr, though his hold in northern Wales remains firm, but is showing signs of weakness after his loss at Abrystrwyth. The military is expanded as well as industry to help fight the rebels and restore English rule. The Prince of England, Henry of Monmouth arrives with a detachment of Royal Cavalry and longbowmen. Several battles and skirmishes occur this year though things seem to be at a sort of lull for now.
    • Desmond Diplomacy: We accept your offer for an alliance.
  • Scotland: With the end of the Scottish-English skirmishes we proceed to try to improve relations with a simple trade agreement with the English to improve relations slowly. We also wish to improve relations with other surrounding nations and promote trade with those said nations. The forcing out of French pirates out of towns has put a strain on French relations, but we feel it is in Scottish interest to not be involved in the problems of the French. The paving of Scotland is making great progress and head way. Robert Stewart is found and sentenced to judgment for the death of the future heir, David Stewart, if he is found guilty he will be sentenced to death.
    • English Dip: England agrees that trade would go a long way to begin to heal the rift caused between our two people. We also politely request a non-aggression pact to help prove to the nobility and King that Scotland is interested in peace.
    • Scottish Dip: The nobility of Scotland agrees to the non-aggression pact
  • County of Oldenburg: With the King's permission attained, Oldenburger troops march into the lawless Frisian lands and begin restoring order. Count Christian V is naturally a little disheartened by the King's order not to annex any of Frisia, but he consoles himself by saying that this good deed will probably put Oldenburg in the King's good books; something which the small county could well afford. Hamburg is asked if it would be so kind as to provide some troops to assist with the "Imperial Pacification" of Frisia. Trier's offer of last year is accepted, and an envoy is sent to the Prince-Archbishop's court.
    • H-H dip: Hainaut and Holland deploy troops to aid in the pacification of Friesland. we also offer a joint lordship over Friesland in which after 15 years Friesland will be split into two separate domains by Oldenburg and Hainaut.
    • Hamburg D: Hamburg agrees to send what troops it can to aid Oldenburg.
  • Iroquois Tribes Deganawida continues his travels through the various Iroquois tribes, preaching peace and stability in unification. The Onondaga, Oneida and Mohawk nations that are the farthest to the east and close to their traditional enemies, the Algonquins, see the value in unification, and decides to host a Great Iroquois Council before the next harvest (Spring 1403) for all six tribes (Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca and Wenro). Deganwaida is glad for this development, and continues to promote his idea for a peaceful, united Iroquois.
  • Portugal continues a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, João I continues giving grants of land to some nobles to secure their loyalty. Meanwhile, Portugal begins to develop its navy. Meanwhile, The trade agreement proposed by the Hollandese is accepted. Meanwhile, Philippa of Lancaster gives birth to a girl, who is named Branca. Meanwhile, in an attempt to find a wife for his eldest son Afonso, João I sends an offer to Navarra, expressing interest in bethroting Afonso to Margaret, the fourth daughter of the King of Navarra.
    • Can another mod try to simulate whether if Navarra is going to accept this?
  • The Alliance of Four Oirats: The Great Khan of the Four Oirats, Orug Khan, establishes the Four Oirats on the Sinkiang, West Mongolia and East Kazakhstan. The Khan discovers that since China has destroyed its much more powerful predessor, Yuan, it would be much better to be a friend of China than be an enemy of China. Thus, he sends a diplomat to Nanjing and accepts Chinese supremacy. (I think China will accept this) After the diplomat returned, he is much shocked by the advanced cities of China compared to the Yurt villages of the Four Oirats. Thus, the advisors of the king decide to begin agricultural methods in Four Oirats without losing the nomadic traditions. A capital city began being built in Oskemen. Orug Khan builds a powerful cavalry that is loyal to him to the point of death and named the Khagan Guards and invites the major tribal chiefs to the construction site of Oskemen. There, he murdered the chieftains and ordered his guards to destroy the rest of their soldiers who are near Oskemen. It turned out to be a success and Orug Khan begin to centralize the government. Orug Khan and his advisors begin to construct a military based on cavalry forces, choosing only the most elite Mongol archers and riders. We also begin to send diplomats to China, Qara Del, Chagatai Khanate, Golden Horde and Muscovy. After looking at Chinese, Polish, Golden Horde and Chagatai flags, we make our first flag with the green row symbolizing the steppe, the white triangle signifying Tian Shan and light blue background symbolizing the Mongolian Sky.
    PMIII Four Oirats Flag
    • Ming Diplomacy: The Emperor Yongle accepts the offer of having the Oirats as a vassal and offers them an alliance against the Timurids and the Mongols whom have been conspiring together for some time.
    • Four Oirats D to Qara Del: We ask Qara Del to proclaim supremacy to us, join the Oirats and name Orug Khan as the Great Khan and the Emperor of Ming as the Tengri Khagan (Sky Khan, the most powerful Khan).
    • Four Oirats D to Chagatai Khanate: Orug Khan asks to marry the princess of Chagatai Khanate and to improve relations and move toward consolidation.
    • Four Oirats D to Muscovy and Poland: We send 200 of our best horses through Muscovy to Poland in exchange for a recipe for cement and barley and rye seeds for our construction of a city. We also ask for an alliance with the Khan of Poland.
      • Gediminid Diplomacy: We accept the gift of 200 horses, and will begin to attempt creation of a lethal Mongol-style military which will incorporate elements of the West and the East. We will gladly give a recipe for cement and barley and rye seeds to the Khan. We decline the alliance politely, but we do send back an entourage of Catholic priests to convert the heathen Mongols.
  • Poland concludes its quick war with the Muscovites. As the army of Poland finishes liberating Pskov and turns it over to the locals, the forces advance toward Moskva as the siege is ending. As the main city falls, the Kremlin decides to surrender themselves to the mercy of the attackers. The Primate of Poland, the Archbishop of Gniezo, who is along with the army, crowns Wladyslaw II Jagiello as "Grand Duke of Muscovy, Prince of Moskva" amid massive cheering from the armies of Poland and Lithuania, as well as the UNC. The new Grand Duke, who rules Poland, Lithuania, and Muscovy now, begins considering the need to consolidate into a single Gediminid Crown. The idea gains momentum back in Poland, which sees the potential for the capital to be at Krakow, and thus the importance of the city greatly increased. Relations with Pomerania-Stettin only continue to improve as Prince Henryk makes it out of his first year. Moldavia and Mazovia both support the war effort.
  • Lithuania also fights in the bloody Siege of Moskva, and is there when the Kremlin falls. Quietly, the Patriarch of Kiev and all Rus', who lived in Moskva's Kremlin, is taken into custody. Led by Bishop Jakum Plichta and Bishop Borzyslaw, the Patriarch Cyprian agrees, under unknown circumstances, to recognize Papal primacy and take up the role of Patriarch under the Pope. Vytautas finalizes the conditions of the Trubetsk acquisition, and it is decided that it will become a separate Duchy that recognizes the Grand Duchy as its suzerain. Meanwhile, the Bishop of Riga is willing to sign a treaty that would make it a Lithuanian puppet. Chernigov and Smolensk send aid to the war effort.
  • Muscovy, recently taken by the Gedimind King, in early winter, begins the process of reconstruction. The Polish Sejm assigns a lot of money to bringing Muscovy, and other Russian states, into the Western sphere. The Patriarch begins to set up the mass conversion to a form of Orthodoxy that would recognize Papal primacy and eliminate most icon worship without changing most Orthodox practices or rituals. Influence over Ryazan, which had halted during the war, are picked back up by the new Gediminid administration. Finally, Grand Duke Wladyslaw announces on Muscovy's behalf that, "All obligations, alliances, and other debts will be picked up by the new administration. If the former Muscovite state under the Rurikids owed any nation anything, please come forward so that the new Muscovy under the Gediminids can pay that debt."
    • A few things wrong with this post: 1. There was no Patriarch of all the Russias until 1589. Until then, it was a Metropolitan, and many of the Russian states (such as Novgorod and Pskov), have their own Archbishop (that by the old system is of higher rank than Metropolitan, and because of Novgorod's rivalry with Moscow, he acted the part). The only Patriarch in Russia at this time sat in Constantinople. 2. There is an Orthodox feast, held on the first Sunday of mass, called "the triumph of Orthodoxy" (best translation I could come up with from tarzhestvo pravoslaviya), celebrating the victory of icon-venerators over the kings and emperors that tried to outlaw it. This would contribute GREATLY to anti-Polish sentiment amongst the Russian populace, contributing to mass-insurection and give legitimate religious-cultural liberation casus belli to any Orthodox nation to war on P-L. Hell, even Ukrainian Catholics and other Eastern-rite Catholics engage in Icon veneration, keep most Byzantine-style services, and accept the Pope ... That's what you are doing, changing them into Catholics ... And Icon veneration isn't even frowned upon in Catholicism, as opposed to in Protestantism ... 3. Poland-Lithuania failed to establish Papal Primacy within their own territory to the Orthodox slavs. What are the chances that would happen in newly conquered foreign territory? and lastly, 4. Papal primacy is one of the pillars of the Orthodox-Catholic divide, and every time it was tried (to reconcile both sides), it failed miserably, and the people in other Orthodox states just abandoned the others (such that happened during the 4th crusade with Byzantium). Accepting Papal Primacy would de facto turn Orthodoxy into Catholicism, and anyone who had a brain, and went to church would see that and many bishops would reject the METROPOLITAN and simply pick a new one while branding the old one heretic for accepting Rome and outlawing icons.
  • Ulster: The castle continues. Shipyards begin to appear. The Desmond Ball Game spreads to Ulster via trade routes. We begin to trade with Magennis, and Ulster merchants in Magennis spread the idea that Ulster is better than Magennis, and as a result, many Magennis Townspeople emigrate to Ulster. Trade continues with Desmond. An alliance is proposed with England.
    • ​English Diplomacy: The King has accepted the offer of alliance.
  • Papal States: A massive military expansion begins, and economic expansion continues. The Pope requests that an alliance with Genoa be formed, so as to heal the new wounds they have inflicted, and prevent conflict. Missionaries are sent to the Middle East to convert Muslims to Christianity. Influence on our vassals continues. We enter negotiations with Cyprus to vassalize them. Other missionaries are sent to Muscovy to spread Catholicism. All our vassals main trading partner is made Rome. The 15,000 troops we sent to support the Byzantine empire are instructed to remain, with the Navy scouting out to find this Timurd Empire. We request that England join Venice and ourselves in an alliance.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice agrees that this alliance would be favourable.
    • English Diplomacy: England accepts the offer from His Holiness.
    • Bologna: Military expansion begins. Construction begins on a new castle in the city center.
    • Ancona: Military expansion begins.
  • Hainaut and Holland: As Albert;s health grows weaker health grows weaker his son Wilhelm is delegated more power. Wilhelm concludes a treaty with Engelbert I of Nassau to marry off his daughter Katrina to him upon her 15th birthday, which cements his alliance with an old family of the holy roman empire. Hainaut and Holland commerce and production continue to grow as the conditions of life permit a growth in aritisens and traders. The Levying edict is completed which grants the feudal lords of the lands under Albert's soviergn name to rally all the troops needed from the peasantry in times of war, he also create a very small standing army made up largely of mercenaries and aristocrats of his domains. The cities of Rotterdam and Amsterdam continues growing as trade in the region grows. Wilhelm begins to push forward his family's claims to the duchy of Brabant as troops are levied numbering 7000, along with a growing navy and a small amount of cannons which number 20 now. Wilhelm hires the blacksmiths of Hainaut to fiddle with gun powder to try to create a more portable weapon (medieval hand guns existed since the late 1300's). Wilhelm calls upon the UNC to supply a small amount of troops for the campaign to come against Brabant, and also promises to support any wars the enter within the next tem years in return. Wilhelm and Albert jointly denounce the Emperor's campaign against Poland and refuse to take part in it, standing side by side with our Family in Bavaria. Albert offers a formal alliance to Bayern-Landshut to counter the rising threat posed by Austria and Bohemia. The navy is expanded. Trading continues to expand across the west coast of Europe and into the eastern Baltics.
    • B-L Dip: Heinrich accepts Albert's alliance and agrees that such an alliance would be a good idea in the face of the rising German powers and the current war against the Polish. Heinrich also sends thanks to both Albert and Wilhelm for their apparent neutrality in the aformentioned war.
  • Venetian Republic: The war with Epirus ends early in 1402 with most leadership having fled the despotate. The Doge's relative is placed in control of the mainland as governor general and is granted money enough to cement his rule there. The key port towns are occupied by Venice and become Free Ports where it is boasted any nation may do trade. However, the limitations and tariffs along with the laws of Venice are imposed. This boosts the economy and provides stability although the towns do not do large amounts of trade they provide a stable and resourceful place to do business.
    The Doge then turns his attention to "the Bastard", angered by his actions he decides that the only way to deal with the problem is to eliminate Antonio along with any other claimants of note. While other "worries" concerning the duchy are taken care of, a fleet is sent to blockade all ports leading into the Duchy, starving the people of the lands as trade routes from the north are blocked by Turkish troops or civil disorder in Arta and those to the south lead to Venetian territory where mercenaries now assemble and those to the west lead to now blocked off Byzantine lands. The Doge asks whether the Romans will be able to spare soldiers to help eliminate "the Bastard" stating that he will compensate the Romans properly for any assistance.
    Meanwhile, the Roscol Bank is now large enough to grow well on its own and now without competition from the venerable Medici bank, it dominates all Venetian territories and vassals in terms of finance, using its links to beat aside traditional banks. Soon it is making offers to other states saying that it will provide finances for governments should it be allowed to operate in their nations.
    After assisting both the military and trade fleets of Rome and Hungary's vassals, Venice sets about expanding its own fleet from 3000 ships to 3100. Construction begins across Venetian territories. The troops sent by the Pope are stationed on Milan's border as they still have not responded to requests made last year. Venice states that if the Milanese are truly wishing to develop better relations with Venice they must enter full alliance (offensive and defensive), sign trade agreements and allow only the Roscol Bank to operate in their territories and further, they must pay a small annual pension to Venice to pay for the costs of this issue.
    Opposition to Michiel is in a minority now. However, they have begun plotting, and Michiel suspects several powerful families are intent on removing him in the future. He knows that his current position is too secure but a single moment of weakness could mean an uprising. He sets about strengthening his own allies and security. He also redoubles efforts in Greece, knowing Athens could be the weakness they exploit.
    • The Hungarian King Sigismund desires to build on current relations with the Venetians, and declares a decree in which Venice and its merchants will be able to use Croatian and Hungarian ports for no cost. In return, he asks for Venice to help build the Hungarian fleet and he enquires about buying 100 ships with a large sum of money. Land could also be sold.
    • Swiss D: We offer an alliance to Venice, and request support in our claim to the Three Leagues.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Doge responds happily to the Hungarian King concerning trade and orders the Venetian arsenal to build 100 ships for the Hungarians. Currently with the maintenance and state order of 100 ships, the full complement of 100 ships should be finished by early next year.
      Speaking to the Swiss, the Doge states that the alliance has been accepted and supports their claim to the Three Leagues, hoping to win over several of the Swiss Council, Venice offers to supply the Swiss with a fleet of five ships maintained and docked in Venice until the Swiss have obtained their own port.
    • Swiss D: We gladly accept and look forward to strengthening ties with an important ally. We give Venice and Venetian traders access though our nation.
    • English Dip: We would like the Roscol Bank to do business with England. We also wish to establish a formal allaince.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Doge thanks the Swiss Confederacy for the access
      The Roscol Bank will happily set up a branch in England, it would be preferable if the government of England made the Roscol Bank its primary bank, that way we can provide funding for the English government for military, economic, trade and infrastructure. The Doge also accepts the formal alliance and promises to aid England in any endeavours it wishes to make.
  • Swiss Confederacy: The canton of the Three Leagues are influenced by the Swiss, as are many others around the nation. The Alpine Federation grows with the new addition. After a close vote, the Swiss Council agrees to withdraw troops, and offer Venice an alliance. We approve of the peace talks with the Ottoman Empire and the Byzantine Empire. We purchase ten more cannons and four mortars. We accept the Austrian treaty, and concentrate on annexing our surrounding territory.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice gratefully responds to the withdrawal of troops and accepts the offer of alliance. Venice then offers to set up a branch of the Roscol Bank in the confederacy to help fund the Swiss government so they may put more money toward their economy, infrastructure, trade and military.
  • Saxony: We continue to place heavy influence on our neighbors of Thuringia, Anhalt and Meissen. Rudolf III continues to place heavy stress on building the nations economy and national defense, which is also meant to impress Saxon nations everywhere. We declare temporary neutreality in the war happening close to our borders.
  • Grand Empire of the Timurid Dynasty: The Empire continues to build domestic projects and roads while the Emperor secretly begins ammassing armies to invade the Ottoman Empire. In this war he will not take the feild due to his age, but will advise his generals. Expansion continues into unclaimed Arabia by 3000 sq km. The military is built up and more cannons are built. The population begins to boom, and Amjad continues to plan for his reign. Construction of his new palace begins to the north of Tehran, being designated a new royal city. Timur is enraged at the Byzantines backstabbing at the peace table, in which they offer to let the Ottomans fight the Timurids Armies one on one. Although no action is taken, the monarchs opinion of the tiny kingdom has taken a down turn. The Damascus Fleet continues being built up, but as of now it is quite large, featuring over four dozen warships and several transports. It is sailed north and docked outside of Constantinople, where an envoy is demanded of the Byzantine ruler. The Council of Nobles is again called together, and more ideas are proposed, some of them quite interesting. Stocking up of food continues, while the population continues to boom. Delhi is infuenced for 3rd year in a row. Amjad and his wife produce there first child, it is a male, and he is named Draka. More may be added later
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Venetians would like to remind the Timurids that the talks have not ended yet, and the Romans have not agreed to anything yet so they should not be hasty in breaking off relations. The Doge knowing the Timurs could possibly be offended by the Venetians having started the talks, sends them a ship with various expensive gifts aboard it.
    • Timurid Diplomacy: Should the Romans agree to such an atrocious deal, all deals between them and Timurids will be anulled and they will be left to there own devices. Also trade will be cut with Constantinople.
    • Roman Diplomacy: We assure the Timurids that no backstabbing has occured, and we request that the Timurids be patient.
    • Timurid Diplomacy: We request to be present at the meetings with the Ottomans, and demand that the Ottomans forfeit all claims to any more territory to Anatolia and the Middle East.
    • Ottoman Diplomacy: The Grand Vizier hears word of this during his meeting and scoffs. The Ottomans will not reduce their growing claim in the Middle East, and will fight if they have to. He is, as is noted in the agreement, that a division of the Middle East states by the two empires may be agreeable.
    • Bengal Diplomacy: We ask the Emperor of Timur to open up his ports to Bengali merchants who offer spices, silks, and other far east goods.
    • Timuis Diplomacy: We welcome the Bengali merchants. We laugh at the Ottomans, who have so easily bowed to the infidels demands without so much as a fight.
  • The Jochid Ulus continue their war against the Russian principalities. The cities of Ustyug and Cherdyn are attacked and sacked, and the principalities of Ustyug and Perm are made Horde vassals for the duration, while a peace treaty is arranged. Ïdegay Khan arranges for some Udmurt settlers to move northward, and the borders of the Ulus expand 500 km northward in its westernmost edge as they found their newest settlement, Kamkšajsk, meaning the City on the Kama. The rapidly settling Tatars hugely increase the growth of Old Saray, New Saray and Bolghar, which causes a growth on the agricultural economy. The fertile soil of the Ukraine and Volga areas cause an extremely successful harvest in the year. This leads to infrastructural plans to connect the three cities and restore the Mongol road systems. Ïdegay's son, Manguday, sires his first son (of Genghisid and Manghud ancestry alike), Temür-Hachiun. News are not as good in the Khan's court, where Shadi Beg Khan has not yet sired any heirs. Diplomacy with the Oirats is established, and a diplomat is also sent to the Timurid Khaganate. Influence begins to be exerted on the disorganised states of Circassia and Ossetia, directly south of the Empire.
    • Timurid Diplomacy: We welcome the diplomat, and ask to enter talks pertaining to a trade deal and possibly a non-aggression pact.
  • Majapahit: In July the rebels in OTL New-Guinea have surrendered and are slaughterd. Having dealt with the civil war, peace prevails in the Empire. Wikramawadhana, always seeking for glory and expansion, sees in the east a new target, Bima. He readies his men and they attack the scatered tribes. He wins easily and they are soon annexed in the Empire. He expands his royal guard with 400 men and he sends gifts to the Sunda Kingdom and begins influencing it.
  • Japan: The first born son of the Shogun was born today in 1402. His name is Matsuoka. The state of Toki has been taken over by The Shogun to add to his empire. Also the state of Shiba has been taken over. The military is increasing due to war with the states of Japan. There is about 30,000 troops in the Shogun's military. The Shogun wants a port city. A route to Taiwan is being mapped out. The Shogun wants to make a trade route called the Silk Roads. Maps of Japan are being made to help with the wars going on.
  • Oman: The construction of paved roads between Sohar and Dhofar has increased the quantity of frankincense that can be transported along this road. The frankincense from Oman is the best in the known world, and naturally its export generates huge profits for the Nabhani dynasty, which taxes the trade from its imposing fort at Bahla. As such, the Omani economy is greatly improved. The Omanis also send a delegation to the Ottoman Empire, promising financial support in the event of any conflict with the Timurids in return for protection.
    • ​Bengal Diplomacy: We ask the Omani sultan to open his trade ports to Bengali traders who offer spices, silks and other far east goods.
    • Omani Diplomacy: Oman agrees to open its taxed ports to Bengali traders.
  • Bohemia: We declare neutrality in the Papal Schism. The Charles University in Prague grows to become an influential institution. Jan Hus becomes rector of the university, and enjoys the favor of the court. Working with Archbishop Zajíc some of Hus’ teaching begin to gain footing and become a part of Catholic teachings in the area. We accept all alliances offered to us among states of the Holy Roman Empire. We also ask for an alliance with the nations of Hamburg and Bayern-Landshut to further strengthen ties among German states.
    • Hamburg D: Hamburg accepts Bohemia's request for an alliance.
  • The Pskovians, who didn't need much more liberating than simply ousting the Namestnik and replacing him with one of their own, Afanasiy Shuyskiy, now Prince of Pskov, also grand the old muscovite Rurikids permissions to settle within Pskov. The Pskovians turn then, to attempt to influence the states of Riga and the other grey one, and offer trade agreeements and alliances with Novgorod. Pskov, a wealthy trade hub, and seen by many as Russia's door to the west in the past, agrees that it should build a few more ships, and use them to influence people. The Veche agrees to send about 20 people out throughout the world and seek the best ship design, and send a group of five to search for the legendary land of the dragon, mentioned in Marco Polo and their magnificent, fabled nine-masted ships ... that a rare trader from Hindustan may speak of ... (economic turn). An alliance is offered with Novgorod ... and with Poland-Lithuania, who Pskov wants to repair ties with after a certain divide ...
    • Novgorod Diplomacy: We accept the alliance.
  • Provence: Is given a new impetus to the economy and especially trade, taking advantage of the port of Marseille. Similarly more mercenaries to protect the Royals territories are recruited. The Count of Provence moves his influence in France and ask for alliance, also to the Italian kingdoms and republics. We are awaiting the response of Naples on the issues discussed above. Meanwhile, the army is mobilized to the borders. The Count is happy for the birth of their new son Louis, and named as his only heir. Many family members who aspired to the throne feel betrayed, and seek means to come to power, but this reaches the ears of the Count with its spy network and by the end of the year many members of the family are killed. This event was later known as "The Night of the purge." The lower branch of the royal Angevin line now has the only hope in the little Louis. Waiting to take a new lease on European politics Earl decides to make an intervention in Avignon. Exercises control over the access to this small region, with military contingents "ensures" the power of the Anti-pope. Also try to put his power to the appointed cardinal by offering them money. The Count accepts the Venetian proposal.
    • If you are talking about the family of Louis II, this can't exactly happen. Louis II has only one brother (Charles, claimed the title of Prince of Taranto) and all other family members rule duchies outside your jurisdiction (Louis's uncles are the Dukes of Burgundy and Berry. His first cousins are the King of France and the Duke of Orléans.) Your purge would most likely be restricted to Charles.
  • Anjou: Follows the model of Provence and improves existing military elements.
  • Chiribaya: We begin to build small fortifications on our borders.
  • Florence: Florence works on re-integrating Athens into its sphere of influence following its re-acquisition. The alliance with Castile is accepted. The Florentine military is increased this year, as does the economy. Florence continues to increase its influence over the House of Este in Modena. The Medici Family in Florence rises in power as banking continues to fuel the Florentine economy, allowing for the city to make much-needed repairs. Quarantine stations against the Black Death are created in Florentine territory.
    • The guy retaking Athens is of Florentine descent, but he is not part of the Florentine sphere of influence. There is a key difference.
    • I believe he was in the Florentine sphere of influence. Most info I'm running into on this guy says that he not only was loyal to Florence, but he attempted to make Athens much more like the city of Florence. Either way, most histories of Athens says that the Duchy returned to Florentine control this year.
    • The Acciaioli were not only a Florentine family but they seemed to have been interested in Florentine politics and admired politics. So it's fair to assume Acciaioli would put Athens under the Florentine sphere.
    • Not really, look on wikipedia (not the most reputable but still a good one for such things) for the duchy of Athens, you'll find that nobody ever agrees it was a vassal of Florence or in the Florentine sphere. It is possible for someone to admire a nation from afar without wanting to integrate their lands into it.
  • Mangut Nivkhgu: The foundation of the monastery and the influence of Chinese thinking caused a shift in the thinking early Nivkhs. While previously the had seen themselves as a series of scattered groups, Mang Hangut and
    NivkhguFlagPM3

    The flag of Mangut Nivkhgu

    his father, who sadly remains nameless in most texts, began thinking in terms of something that resembled a modern state - with themselves at the head of it, naturally. And so, the fast growing chiefdom was proclaimed to be something else entirely, an empire on the Amur. They called themselves, the "Mangut Nivkhgu" ("The Strong Men of the Nivkhs") and took for themselves the title of Mang Nivkh - the strong Nivkhs. Of course, it was not exactly what we would think of as a "strong" empire today, but in the wild boreal forest of the time, it was a veritable colossus. It was also around this time, sadly, that the father of Mang Hagut died - for had he not died he might have been known to us as the first Mang Nivkh. Instead, his son took the title, and while his name, too, is lost, he is at least known as the first leader of the Nivkh state. Meanwhile, that state - such as it could be called a state - expanded another 1000 sq km down the Sakhalin coast - taking in most of the islands ethnic Nivkhs and bringing in the first Oroks. It was also about this time that Master Xin produced a curious work of art which Mang Hangut claimed had helped him defeat a party of border raiders. It was known as the "Blue Mandala" and from then on it was always carried into battle as the first flag of Mangut Nivkhgu.
  • Trier: Continues to expand military. Allies with the County of Sponheim and begins influencing them.
  • Kingdom of Cuzco: Training of military men continues. Road work and farming also continue as normal. Compulsory military service is instituted to prepare for expansion.
  • Zapotec: Emperor Tlaco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, some boats are created. Tlaco orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan expands into the surrounding city-states.
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. We sign the Treaty of St Gallens officially recognizing the new border in the Alps between Austria, Switzerland and ourselves.
  • The UNC continues development of the navy and military, with several divisions of the cavalry performing cold-weather exercises in Iceland. It expands farther into Saami territory. Following the total victory in Muscovy, there are celebrations for the returning soldiers. The government re-affirms its commitment to our allies, such as Pskov. Two more trade charters are signed by the Grand Council, which now meets biannually after legislation in January. We suggest a trade pact with Saxony. The Queen Regent, Margaret, goes on a tour of the Three Kingdoms, throughout the cities. Several more forts are built up in the Øresund, and the Crown decides to start a due for passing the Øresund - as well as the rule that no military vessels will be allowed through without the express approval of the UNC. There are several arguments in the Council over whether to support the Avignon Pope or the Rome Pope. For the moment, the UNC remains neutral. A senior noble makes a speech calling both Schleswig and the city of Hamburg "rightfully Nordic possesions", sparking widespread support of a military campaign to take them over. The first Nordic traders begin to trade as far as the Black Sea, and a series of Military Shipyards are built, building several new ships- including the new Flagships the NCC Hammer of God, the Seaspear, and the Star of the North.
  • Austria: With the signing of the Treaty of St Gallen the German speaking counties of Switzerland are formally recognized as sovereign territory of the Habsburg monarchy. A small force of soldiers are stationed in the newly integrated territory courtesy of the Count of Toggenburg in exchange for Albert IV’s support, quelling any potential rebellion from Swiss peasants. With experience gained from our skirmishes in Switzerland our military continues to be upgraded. In protest of Poland’s recent expansion we formally end all diplomatic relations with their nation. We begin investing in a modern shipyard in the city of Trieste to further trade among the Mediterranean Sea and to facilitate a proper fleet if necessary. Albert IV funds the design of a new type of ship for his own personal use. The ship resembles a small European merchant ship with two masts. The mainmast will be lateen-rigged with a trapezoidal mainsail, but the foremast will carry the conventional square course and square topsail. Displacement will be under 100 tons. The archduke commissions the first of these ships, which begins to become known as the “Bimereiche”, named for its two masts and a combination of the German word for ship and oak. A We ask for an alliance with the nations of Castile and the counties of Holland and Hainaut.
  • Mississippian River civilisations: The Mississippian River civilisations have now begun to stabilise, with two main civilisations becoming apparent, the Moundville civilisation and the Cahokia civilisation, with the first being in OTL Kentucky and Alabama, and the latter being in OTL Illinois and Indiana. The rest of the Mississippian lands are currently unorganised. But both civilisations, as well as the unorganised lands, still face a number of serious problems. Refugees continue to move northward in large numbers, but many in the far south are still choosing to remain in the Moundville civilisation, due to its closer proximity, and its recent cementing of its borders. Trade between the two main civilisations increases once again, and Moundville’s reliance on Cahokia for certain resources not available in the south increases. The settlements on and near the coast of the Great Lakes in the far north of the Cahokia civilisation continue to produce bountiful harvests, bolstered with fish and crustaceans caught from the Great Lakes. These settlements continue to grow in size, to make room for the now slower flow of Mississippian refuges from the South Mississippian. The flow of refugees arriving into the south of the Cahokia civilisation continues, albeit at a slower rate, and they spread out among the various settlements, being absorbed into the local communities. More refugees end up in Cahokia, and its population continues to go through its revival. This places the population at around 32,000 Cahokians. Like last year, these refugees effectively nullify their negative impact by increasing the workforce available to cultivate new food stocks and gather resources. The new crops planted last year along the confluence zone of the Mississippi, Missouri and Illinois Rivers in the area surrounding Cahokia are successful, and as a result Cahokia’s food stocks increase again, leading to a larger surplus. New crops are replanted in these areas. Irrigation techniques are refined again to see if they can improve the quality of the overall harvest once more. The well-established trade network between the Mississippian people allows valuable food stocks to continue to be transported down from the Great Lake settlements down to Cahokia and the rest of the Cahokia civilization to create a greater surplus in the food stores. Waste materials are now being removed from Cahokia and transported to far out locations to be burned periodically. The thickly woven baskets used to carry the waste are made thicker to prevent the escape of smells. These baskets are also coated in colored paste, as well as spices, to give them a bright look and a strong smell. This is to make the act of carrying the baskets more appealing to the citizens. The fire pits are now marked out with large stone squares with a pit in the middle. These are dug up on the day of the fire, and refilled the following day, once the waste has been burned to ash. This is done once a month, with the waste being stored in the baskets until this time in a special building separated from the rest of the city. The high priests of the Southern Cult in Cahokia grant this action ritual status, and it is seen as a way of cleansing the city of bad spirits that cause illness. The prevalence of disease, and Cahokia’s death rate, both continue to decline as a result. Before the end of the year, it has reached equilibrium with the birth rate, and the overall population decrease ceases to take place. This ritual spreads throughout the Middle Mississippian, and death rates of settlements begin to decline in these areas also as a result. Expansion continues to take place along the banks of OTL Lake Michigan. This expansion is curving round the eastern side of the lake.
  • In Savoy the economy continues growing, and the kingdom prospers. The Counts ask for trade agreements and alliance with Italian countries once again. The army hires more mercenaries. The process of converting Piombino into our vassal continues. We ask the merchants of Genoa to return to their home, or they will be captured and imprisoned.
  • Emperor Jingwen is presumed dead and Zhu Di crowns himself as the Yongle (Eternal Happiness) Emperor. The court eunuchs are reinstated and they start using their power to build a vast exploration fleet that doubles as a navy. The Japanese pirates raiding the East Coast are demolished in a series of campaigns and driven from Chinese-influence Ryukyu and onto Kagoshima. The Yellow Sea and the Sea of Japan are also secured against pirate raid allowing Korea to develop its economy. A secondary capital is established in Yan which is renamed Beijing (Northern Capital). The Southern Ming army is sent into Dai Viet in an attempt to restore order and re-install the deposed king.
  • Hunagry, Croatia, Garay and Split all amp up their armies by making and equiping their armes with more stuff.

1403

The nation of Bohemia returns to normal, with Wenceslaus deposed from the throne, and all his supporters firmly suppressed. Jan Hus, a rector at the University of Prague and preacher at the newly built Bethlehem chapel, begins preaching Wycliffite ideas. Balša III succeeds his father Đurađ II as ruler of the Principality of Zeta. Stefan Lazarević establishes Belgrade as the capital of the Serbian Despotate.

Ruy González de Clavijo, an ambassador from the king of Castile, leaves Cádiz for Samarkand. The Stationers' Guild is founded, originating one of the Livery Companies of the City of London.

Tadgh Ruadh mac Maelsechlainn O Cellaigh succeeds Conchobar an Abaidh mac Maelsechlainn O Cellaigh as King of Hy-Many in present-day Galway and Roscommon. Maolmhordha mac Con Connacht succeeds Giolla Iosa mac Pilib as King of East Breifne in present-day Leitrim and Cavan.

The Samogitians flock back to paganism under their newfound freedom of worship. Pagan festivals are held across the Samogitian regions of Prussia and many animals are sacrificed on massive bonfires.

The "Moundville" civilization begins to regain some of its former glory as the influx of refugees has vastly expanded the population of the dying mound city. Treaties are signed with local tribes to the South bringing them into union with the powerful "Moundville". The borders of the new confederation near the coast of the Gulf of Mexico as local chiefs pledge allegiance to the great city in return for transfers of maize from areas which had a good harvest to areas where the harvest is scarce.

The White Sheep Turkmen and Erzincan go to war over a border dispute with Georgia, with the White Turkmen and Erzincan signing a shaky alliance in order to provide a match for the Georgians. (Will last for three years without intervention)

The area of the Mississippi River civilization east of the Appalachian Mountains collapses totally with its population scattering to the winds.

Qara Del, a remnant of the Yuan Dynasty is frightened by the demands of the Four Oirats. The King of Qara Del seeks to become a vassal of the Ming Dynasty in an attempt to preserve some of its sovereignty against the nomadic horselords of the Oirats

Following the Tarzhestvo Pravoslaviya (the triumph of Orthodoxy), an Orthodox feast, held on the first Sunday of Mass, many Orthodox Russians in the newly created Polish dominated state of the Grand Duchy of Muscovy begin to rebel against rule of the non-Orthodox heretics.

In the city of Moscow a protest descends into an all out rebellion, with the pro-Lithuanian ruler being ousted by the populace. The rebels declare Muscovy to be independent and begin an armed insurrection to restore the duchy to the status quo.

The rebellion spreads to the Grand Principality of Smolensk, where a riot in the city of Smolensk leads to the destruction of several Polish storefronts. Several Polish leaders in the city are also captured and thrown out windows by the rebels, in an event that becomes known as the Defenestrations of Smolensk.

With the announcement that the Øresund is now no longer open to military vessels not under the authority or bearing the permission of the UNC, and that the UNC now claims the nation of Hamburg, many Germans in Hamburg and in North Germany become wary of a potential invasion, or an embargo which would cut funds from trade to several Baltic nations.

  • Great Perm: We send troops to assist the Muscovite rebels and ultimately begin direct war with the enemies' forces. We ask for the rest of the Coalition to destroy the Polish-Lithuanians and ask for Rome [Byzantium] to join our side and liberate a valuable ally.
    • Wait ... the Northern War ended in me vassalising Perm ...
  • Yemen: Emir an-Nasir Ahmad leaves Constantinople at the start of this year. He decides to travel to Venice this year. He asks for an audience with the Doge of Venice. He also decides to spend the rest of the year mainly staying in Venice and traveling the nearby Italian lands. He plans to visit France next year. Back in Yemen, the Regent continues the policies that the Emir had started implementing before he left. The Navy continues to patrol the Gulf of Aden, helping lower the amount of pirates in the area. Under the new policies of the Emir, the Navy has increased in size and the nation has stabilized by a good amount. The Regent decides to start planning an expedition down to the Swahili City States to the south. He considers the possibility of expeditions farther south but decides that could possibly wait for another time.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Emir is welcomed by the Doge and a great feast is put on. The Doge wishes to agree to a trade deal with Yemen with a pact to protect (by force if necessary) the trade interests of the other. Venice being one of the nations that does the most trade with the eastis keen to reassert this position. The Doge also hopes that this will prove that he is looking out for trade interests in the east.
    • Rasulid Diplomacy: The Emir was also interested in the formation of a trade pact to ensure there be no fighting between the two nations over trade in the eastern Mediterranean.
  • Novgorod: The military is expanded and locals are trained to become a formidable fighting force. Trade is expanded over our newly refurbished ports, giving us greater power over the Baltic Sea region’s trade, alongside such nations as Hamburg, the Teutonic Order, and the nations of the Kalmar Union. We start the construction of koch type boats, a Russian sailing ship with one or two mast designed for transpolar voyages in ice conditions of the Arctic seas. Because of its additional skin-planking, known as kotsa, and the Arctic design of its body, it is able to sail without being damaged in waters full of ice blocks and ice floes. The new line of koch ships commissioned by the Novgorod Republic have a length of 25 meters, with 13 combination ribs, each consisting of several details. Our ships are also equipped with an additional belt of ice-floe resistant flush skin-planking made from oak or larch along the variable water-line, a false keel for on-ice portage and resisting damage from shallow water, and a shaft-like upper part and wide lower part of the rudder. Each boat also possesses two or more iceboats and of a windlass with anchor rope. Each iceboat will have the cargo capacity of 1.5 to 2.0 metric tons (3300 to 4400 lb) and will be equipped with long runners (5 to 7 m/16 to 23 ft) for portage on ice. With this design if a koch becomes trapped in the ice, its rounded body lines below the waterline will allow for the ship, squeezed by the icefields, to be pushed up out of the water and onto the ice with no damage to the body. Captains aboard our ships are given a traditional set of navigation instruments, including a sundial and a magnetic compass with floating vatromet ("wind-marker", a wooden 32-point compass rose with 16 major winds). On some ships other tools and means of navigation, including detailed charts and sailing directions, the stars, and the pilot's marks on the familiar shores are included. With our trade bringing our nations closer together, we ask for an alliance with Hamburg and the Teutonic Order. A commission is created to officially create a state flag and coat of arms for our nation.
    • Hamburg D: Hamburg accepts Novgorods request for an alliance. Secret: Hamburg offers to begin shipping arms in addition to normal trade.
  • Swiss Confederacy: We continue to strengthen ties with the surrounding cantons, and negotiations continue. We purchase ten more cannons and eight more mortars. Our government buys the judicial rights in the Three Leagues and we grant them certain economic rights. We purchase the judicial rights to the Ingel Abby, and offer to annex it, as it is surrounded by Swiss territory. We declare war on Poland and send 100 mercenaries to Austria to help fight. We purchase 100 repeating crossbows and ten polybolos ballista. The Swiss Cantons agree to begin construction of bridges and roads between one another to increase trade and communication. The Alpine Federation increases in strength with the addition of Aargau, which has been under our influence since the mid 1300's. Ties with Valais increases as the threat from Savony grows (I am following OTL events, unless a factor affects the outcome).
  • Grand Empire of the Timurid Dynasty: The Empire continues to build domestic projects and roads while the Emperor, ordes the begining of influence of Erzincan and the White Sheep Turkmen. Expansion continues into unclaimed Arabia by 3000 sq km. The military is built up and more cannons are built. The population continues to boom, and Amjad continues to plan for his reign. The Damascus Fleet continues being built up, but as of now it is quite large, featuring over four dozen warships and several transports. In order to aid our Muslim brothers of White Sheep and Erzincan, we declare war on Georgia and invade. Stocking up of food continues while the population continues to boom. Delhi is infuenced for the fourth year in a row. Draka turns two years old. An alliance is signed with Jaunper. The Timurs son, Amjad, being a great commander as well, takes command of the armies. More may be added later.
  • Aragon and Sicily expand military and infrastructure. Aragon expands farther north into unorganized Basque territory. Martin II leads troops in expanding influence over unorganized territory in Corsica and Sardinia. Martin also signs a legal document that states whomever is king of Navarre in the event of his death shall succeed him. Aragon also sends merchants south toward Africa to expand economic influence in Berber territory.
  • Bayern-Landshut: Bavaria-Landshut expands its military. Heinrich XVI continually calls the lords of Munchen for tribute and manpower, becoming continually more stern and demaning. The duke sets his sights for Bayern-Straubing as well, and begins to similarly request tribute and manpower (are we allowed to vassalize more than one state at a time? I remember the five year span it takes to vassalize, but I can't remember if there's a limit on the number of states you can vassalize). In other news, the population continues to rise. Heinrich and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. The government continues to remain neutral in the Austro-Polish war. After the University of Wurzberg is founded, Heinrich's interest is piqued and he begins planning an education system of his own in Bavaria. In dynastic news, Heinrich and Isabella of France marry on March 8. Isabella is now the Duchess of Bayern-Landshut. Two months later, she offically changes her name to the more Germanic Isabell. The government also officiates the alliance with Holland-Hainaut.
  • Hainaut-Holland: Count Albert II finally passes away due to health complications and Wilhelm of Holland assumes the title of Count of Hainaut, Holland and Zeeland. As his first act he renounce all claims to Bavaria and lays claims to Brabant which his great uncle lost upon his death. Wilhelm calls upon the their allies and fellow members of the HRE to recognize these claims. He also takes a much greater freedom in financing artists and scientist in the courts of Mons and Amsterdam. Along with emphasizing more on production and trade, putting greater funds into the expansion of the Holland fleet. More cannons are made and after a year of tickering the hand cannon is made and small production begins in the workshops of Hainaut. Wilhelm helps fund the construction of the Amsterdam University. Engelbert I of Nassau is made the main advisor to the court of Wilhelm due to his future marriage to his daughter, it is presumed he and Katrina will inherit the counties though it is also a possibility that the marriage to Scandinavia will bring the two counties under the umbrellas of Copenhagen. Influence over Brabant increases. Laws become laxer toward peasants as it is not as productive in the lowlands as in other areas of Europe, and greater numbers of artisans, blacksmiths and traders begin to appear, as do those capable of bearing arms. Many make their way to becoming mercenaries and Swiss mercenaries are offered the job of training Dutch and Wallonian mercenaries to provide an invaluable service to the county and to any other country that might want to hire them. With the ports of Castile open to trade, Dutch traders penetrate the Mediterranean Sea as far as Venetian territories due to the trade agreements with Venice (check previous turns). This allows Holland's coffers to grow and the merchants to look for greater opportunities. The Dutch traders begin to muscle Genoan traders out of trade in the North Sea, the Baltics and Western Europe due to growing numbers and stronger position with local rulers. Possibilities to trade in Africa are looked at now. The first Dutch bank is opened up in Amsterdam. Holland requests free unhindered access through the Orusend as an associated state with the Danish crown.
    • Hamburg D: Hamburg recognizes their claim to Brabant.
    • H-H response: We are greatful of the recognition.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Dutch traders are welcomed and bring a new influx of trade and tariffs into Venice.
    • The UNC gladly agrees to full passage for our allies.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire prepares some of its troops to help the Venetians in removing "the Bastard" from Athens, as the Despotate is concerned with the aggressive reputation of the new duke. Most of the commanders are the new nobles from the former Despotate of Epirus, and are now forced to show their loyalty to Rome. Constantinople begins to recover its economy due to increased trade with other nations such as Venice and Yemen, and new goods become available in its markets. Because of this expanded trade, the Empire is able to begin covering its costs, but the Empire still has plenty of debts to handle. Regarding the negotiations at Aegina, the Emperor asks for a reply from the Ottomans regarding the city of Nicomedia, as Roman ownership of that city would allow the straits to be much more defendable. Following the Ottoman decision, Roman troops are sent to occupy the city and install a local government. The Roman Empire must unfortunately decline the offer of Great Perm, as there is no practical way of getting troops to Muscovy and Roman troops are needed at home first. The Emperor has another daughter, who he names Helena.
    • H-H Dip: an envoy rom Count Wilhelm requests that Dutch traders be granted free access to Constantinople to gain access to the rich Silk Road trade directly. We offer a formal trade agreement as well.
    • Roman Diplomacy: We accept.
    • Ottoman Dip: On the condition that Ottomans are granted access through the straits for trade, then the Empire will accept.
    • Roman Diplomacy: As that was one of the original parts of the treaty, so it will remain. We will now sign the treaty, and our troops will occupy Nicomedia.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice thanks the Romans for their support in crushing The Bastards Rebellion.
  • Muscovite Rebels: Rebels continue to grow strong in numbers in the country side, disrupting Polish-Lithuanian supplies in the region. The extreme cold forges a perilous zone of attrition, with many unprepared Polish soldiers dying from the bitter lack of heat and disease. Hunters and farmers living in the rural areas of the Muscovy raze and loot Polish military camps, barracks, armories, and supply depots, stealing weapons and food to supply the rebellion. With the Russian Orthodox Church able to slightly rebuild from its recent destruction, Patriarch Cyprian calls for the states of the Rus’ to send aid and support against Poland. Muscovites across the nation rise up in arms. Although moral support among the people is won, diplomats are sent out across Europe through various territories in order to request a coalition against Poland-Lithuania in order to remain the status quo border prior to the recently occurring war.
    • Novgorod Diplomacy: Following Moscow’s revolution for independence against the aggressive expanding Poland, we join the coalition sending military aid through the Baltic to Bohemia and Teutonic Order. Supplies and troops are sent into Muscovite rebel territory to aid the rebellion.
  • In Savoy the economy continues growing, and the kingdom prospers. The Counts ask for trade agreements and alliance with Italian countries once again. The army hires more mercenaries. The process of converting Piombino in our vassal will finish next year.
    • Naples accepts alliance and trade deal.
    • Swiss D: We demand that Savoy turn over Geneva and the County of Nice to our nation, as we have rightful claim to the land.
  • Oyo Empire: The traders from Oyo continue in their trek north through the desert with the aid of the Tuereg guides, who lead them to Morocco, where they find many merchants and traders possessing wealth far exceeding anything the average subject back in Oyo has ever known. Obeying their Alaafin's commands, the merchants establish a trade deal with the Moroccan leaders, who have added Oyo to their merchant route. The Oyo merchants continue moving north into Iberia, where they are taken aghast by the sheer magnitude of the architectural designs of the Moorish and Castilian cities. Notes are taken of these wonders, and many books are purchased by the traders to return home with. However, what takes their eye are the massive ships they witnessed in the great harbors of the port cities. Enchanted by these marvels of the sea, the merchants purchase several model ships, seeking to show them to their leader upon their return home to Oyo-Ile. Upon his return to his kingdom, Alaafin Oranyan begins to crossbreed the warhorses of the north with those of the south, seeking to develop a new breed of horse, which is suited to the local terrain, but still possessing the power of the warhorses his observed in Mali. Oyo continues to expand by 10,000 km, this time heading to the northwest from their core territories, seeking to gain additional farmland through treaties with their neighbors. The development of the empire's industrial power continues, especially when several of the local farmers and blacksmiths began to harness the power of water by exploiting the power of local rivers. Oranyan takes an interest in having his people be able to read and write, and following his trip to Mali, he acknowledges that one's ability to read is the crux of developing a major power. Elsewhere, the war canoes sent off by Oranyan return home with several trade pacts with the southern tribes, most notably those in the land of Angola and Kongo. A return trip is planned, though the men are trained in how to make maps, Oranyan himself trained by those in Mali during his stay in Timbuktu.
    • Castilian Dip: We wish to trade armour and arms for ivory and gold. (through the African trade route, of course, not the coastal one).
    • Oyo Response: We would be honored to accept your request. We shall provide the goods through our Tuareg allies in the Sahara. We also wish for missionaries of your Christian church to visit our lands. The Alaafin has been told many great things of your religion, and we wish to hear from yourselves the knowledge of your Lord and Savior.
  • Saxony: We declare war on Poland. With powers threatening the area from the north and east, we and our heavily influenced Saxon brothers (Thuringia, Meissenand Anhalt) become an Alamar-like union called the Sachsen Federation. We combine our armed forces and the rate of joining grows. We work on improving each other's economies. The capital is set as Wittenberg, although all members are allowed to keep local leaders, with Rudolph III being the de facto "king".
  • Seven edit conflicts ... SEVEN!!
  • The Prussians officially declare war against the Polish to help ensure the independence of Muscovy. The ruling Catholic elite of Prussia hold the Eastern Orthodox Muscovites in higher regard than what they believe are pagan heretics hiding behind false conversions to Christianity. The implicit support given to the Samogitan heretics only serves to convince the ruling elite that it's true. Many knights in Prussia are eager to spread true Christianity to the pagan Poles.
    • H-H Dip: We offer Prussia favorable terms on loans, in exchange for greater rights to Prussian trade.
    • The Prussians accept the generous H-H offer.
    • H-H: We also request that the Prussian emperor honor us by allowing us to handle their financing in the Bank of Holland.
  • Hamburg: Hamburg continues its research into gunpowder after hearing of so-called "hand cannons". Trade increases between Hamburg and her partners as more and more ships are built. Hamburg completes training for it first regiment of troops and sends them to Oldenburg as requested. Hamburg declares war on Poland, arms and a small band of troops are sent in support. Upon (finally) hearing of the Kalmar Unions claim to Hamburg as a Nordic possession, the government rejects it. In a statement, "We are Hamburgers. We always have, and will be until the Second Coming."
    • Except that the cultural identity "German" did not exist until the Napoleonic Wars. At the moment, they would identify themselves as "Hamburg People", I guess.
    • Fair enough. The demonym is "Hamburger", so...
    • kekeke
    • The UNC causes several nasty diplomatic incidents.
  • Castile: Henry III in control of the control continues his previous policies of pacifying and restoring the power of King and with support of the aristocracy begins displacing influential but relatively bad people. Along with this, he begins major cleanup of the kingdom's economy setting up a plan that will put the kingdom's finances in order within one or two years, it is completed. The Kingdom itself begins a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Jews are tolerated more, and the heavy sales tax is removed allowing for a growing purchase from people. The Castilians settle the Canaries creating a few settlements and creating the Kingdom of the Canaries which recognizes the Castilian king as the actual suzerain king. The Crown begins throwing influence into Genoa looking to debilitate them in any way possible. This is done in secret and is particularly successful with some influential Genoans looking to gain higher profit from Castile. Castile seeing the need for a better influx of income and less rebellious Muslims and Jews establishes a tax that protects the religious rights of Muslims and Jews as long as they pay this tax. However, this does encourage some new converts who wish to have a few more coins in their pockets as a Christian rather than poorer. The country also begins a more major program of cultural integration creating a series of schools meant to help integrate and get Castilian language and cultural superiority (this is just being finished pretty much the entirety of Castile was Castilian culture at this point) Castile also invests heavily into the gold trade running through Granada and seizes this type of trade from Genoa who had previously been running it and per new local laws begins imprisoning Genoan merchants as they are breaking new local trade laws in Castile and Granada. The Infrastructure of the country is improved greatly with better roads being implemented. The Castilian navy also begins to show issues of running into Moroccan pirates and other ships near Gibraltar and begins sending reports to the nobility and the king asking for their possible intervention. Castile also begins to harass Moroccan trade by sinking a few ships. Castilian trade ships begin to travel in convoys with Granadan trade ships as well. The Castilian King implements a royal education system in order to allow for capable rulers and puts his son into the program in order to give him the education needed to rule the country effectively. Castilian settlers also continue expanding into the Straits of Gibraltar and other areas surrounding it as it is unorganized and seize it relatively easily with a moderate settlement springing up turning the area into a Castilian province soon - 400 sq km. A small Castilian settler group looking for a bit more freedom as merchants set up a small settlement on Cape Verde islands and expands it to encompass most of the islands. Castile captures and evicts all Genoan traders for their interference and seizes all their goods for the State. The King now has another child, a daughter named Maria of Castile.
    • Isn't 1403 too early to discover Cabo Verde? In OTL it was only discovered in 1444.
    • I wasn't challenged last turn over it, and I don't think it's out of the realm of possibility that they could be discovered earlier. They really aren't that far off.
      • I said nothing last turn because I didn't see it. What I'm saying is that you barely have a settlement in the Canary islands and you are already trying to go to Cabo Verde. You should first develop your settlement in the Canary islands so you have a place to stop before going farther south. Because considering the distances and the lack of infrastructure. A settlement in Cabo Verde this early is not sustainable.
      • Disregard for now, then. I've crossed it out myself and will do so on my previous turn.
    • Granada: As a tributary state (vassal) of Castile, Granada remains strangely alert attempting to maintain its independence. With large amounts of Muslims the people regardless of their vassalage to a Christian state seem relatively calm. Granada in attempt to remain on good terms with Castile begins secretly helping move the gold trade toward Castile and away from Genoa helping to wrestle it from Genoa quite easily. Some merchants, at this point still trying to maintain trade dominance, are executed under a new trade laws. The Granadian military remains relatively alert and begins drills. The infrastructure of Granada is improved as well. The Granadians see a next to no influx of Muslims over this period due to new laws enacted in Castile. The relatively low population of Christians in Granada begins to expand more with Christian immigrant from all over Iberia settling in certain areas The religious tax enacted keeps most anti-Christian groups in check and the rest see it better to leave and go to neighboring Muslim countries rather than a relatively passive Granada. The Granadan trade ships begin to travel with Castilian ones for better protection. Granada begins to show a superiority complex to other Muslim nations and begins showing Hostility to Moroccans in General deeming them "lesser" to the Granadans. This has to do with the many secretly corrupt officialls who have begun major galvanization of the populace against other Muslim states and enemies of Castile which are now being lumped as Granadan enemies as well. Granada expands with permission of Castile into the disorganized area west of the Strait of Gibraltar settlement with both Christians and Muslims settling the area meeting little to no resistance - 250 sq km. With continued Genoan interference and with no other options the Emir of Granada captures all Genoan traders, seizing all their goods and evicting them from Granada.
    • H-H Dip: Wilhelm requests permission to gain rights on trade in Castile and Granada left void by Genoan traders removed from the area and we offer favorable terms for loans to the Castilian monarchy if they choose to do their finances with Hainaut and Holland. We also offer good terms on products brought from around the Dutch trade routes to Castilian merchants.
    • Castilian Dip: This is highly agreeable so we accept. and we also wish to invest in joint sea ventures to cut down on costs for the future.
    • H-H Dip: Holland agrees.
  • Bohemia: The Kingdom of Bohemia expands its military in case war breaks out among nearby states. We thank Hamburg for their alliance and hope to expand trade among the Baltic Sea. Following the call of a coalition against our common enemy Poland, we declare war supporting the Muscovite Rebellion. We call upon our allies in the Holy Roman Empire to send assistance, we also send assistance to the Teutonic Order.
  • Austria: We join our allies the Teutonic Order in the war against Poland, and call all states of the Holy Roman Empire to assist us. We plan to split the forces of the Holy Roman Empire into two main armies. The first shall consist of the south German and Italian forces of the Holy Roman Empire, and will march through Bohemia into central Poland. Concurrently a force of north German forces is expected to penetrate Poland’s borders from the north, supporting the Prussian advance. The first Bimereiche ship is completed, and christened the Habsburg. Two more ships are commissioned to be built in Trieste - one after the other. Assimilation begins in our newly acquired Swiss territory, where the majority of the population is already German.
    • Swiss Secret D: We request support in the case of war between Savoy and us, as we are trying to gain our rightful territory of Geneva and Nice.
  • Trier: Continues to expand military. We continue to influence the County of Sponheim. The nation of Trier answers the call of the Teutonic Order and our fellow German states and electors and declares war on the nation of Poland. Our forces are mobilized immediately to be used against the Polish.
  • Ottoman Empire: The Grand Vizier returns home after talks with the Venetians and Romans. While the Empire is safe from warfare with Christian (Eastern) Europe for another decade and a half, the Sultan is not so pleased that some of his land was given in return. The Vizier is later found dead in his home, his death believed to be poisoning, and a new Grand Vizier is named. Despite this, the Sultan abides by the agreement. He is pleased that the former King of Epirus has successfully regained sovereignty over Arta as a successor to the Albanian kingdom, and the King of Arta swears his fealty to the Sultan. With the threat of attack gone in Europe thanks to the treaty, the Ottomans will shift their focus more toward the west, and the Sultan hopes he may be able to place other exiled leaders on the throne of Timur lands in the near future. Meanwhile, in the west, the Ottomans pledge their support to Georgia as per their agreement, and hope that the Timurids do not gain further ground in the Middle East. Troops are sent to the border to send aid, as well as to avoid a spill-over. As well, the Sultan confirms the trade and alliance with Oman. He also expands the naval and military forces to ensure the Empire does not fall behind other nations.
  • Bosnia: Bosnia expands the military due to the pressures that Bosnia feels. We also are considering opening our borders to trade and to create friendlier relations with our neighbors. Our ears are opened for anyone interested in trade or alliances.
    • Ottoman Dip: Despite the turbulent history between the Empire and Bosnia, the Sultan offers a trade agreement to the nation through Serbia.
    • Bosnia Dip: With the current position that Bosnia is in, it is best to set the past behind and agrees to trade with the Ottoman Empire.
    • Naples offers a trade deal.
    • Bosnia Dip: Bosnia accepts.
  • Kingdom of Naples: King Ladislaus I continues the reforms. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards, and production of new boats to combat the pirates of the Mediterranean. Territorial defenses continue being built based on border forts. The vasalization of Ferrara and Mantua continues. The king continues sending help to the Papal States, so he can consolidate his lands. The king continues sending ships to the Byzantine Empire to block ports and capture enemy ships. The Principality of Zeta ruled now by Balša III will become our vassal in four years. King Ladislaus I continues looking for a wife.
  • The Jochid Ulus does not intervene in either the wars in Poland or Georgia, more concentrated on consolidating their new gains. The economy is improved as Bolghar, New Saray and Old Saray continue rebuilding. Some 75 miles off Bolghar, a new city, Qazan, is built by Tatar merchants, and a few hundred km up the Volga, near the border with Muscovy and the other Russian principalities, the Erzya Mordvins begin to settle in a fortified town, which they name Obran Osh, after a Mordovian hero of the ninth century. It is across the Volga from the Muscovite fort of Nizhny Novgorod. Infrastructure improves as all these rapidly growing cities are connected. The rise of a settled class and the growth of agriculture lead to the start of the development of infantry-led armies by some of the smarter warlords, Ïdegay Manghit amongst them. He begins buying handgonnes, with which he might be able to arm his soldiers. However, no arming occurs yet, as a neglible amount of handgonnes is owned by the Ulus. Great Perm is brutally subjected as they continue to resist against the annexation of Muscowy. Cherdyn is burnt to the ground and the husk of the principality is to become a vassal of the Horde. The Udmurt colonists of Kamkšajsk begin expanding 500 km northward, convincing some of the Samoyeds to adopt a more sedentary lifestyle, with reindeer herding starting to be organised in large farms. Christian and Muslim religious orders begin to form, with the express purpose of converting the pagan settlers to the true faith. The government allows this to occur, as all Islamisation efforts are concentrated on Ustyug. Manguday Khan has his second child, a healthy male named Nogay, while Shadi Beg has a sickly daughter late in the year, who he names Borte.
  • The first year of Mongol occupation in the Principality of Ustyug is brutal. The population, as soon as the siege of the city is over, is decimated; ten per cent is killed outright. Another twenty percent of the principality's population, some 5000 men, women and children, are sent to Volga Bulgaria and forcefully converted to Islam, where they shall become the Volga Russians, an ethnic group that survives to this day. This causes large resentment in the Principality as they see the Tatars as uncivilised barbarians only there to wreak havoc. Covert support for the Muscovite revolt grows.
  • Scotland: With trade with the English helping heal the old wounds and scars with the English, we continue to look for more nations to trade and seek to further expand our economy. Paving is nearly half way through completion. The construction of a strong defense fleet to protect trading routes has been put in after the fleet originally meant to fight the English has been put out of business due to no more war with the English. We continue to exiling of French Pirates from Scotland.
  • Iroquois Tribes: The Great Iroquois Council that met in the Spring of 1403 was more productive than many had guessed. However, Deganawida is shocked to discover that, though the tribes were prepared to settle their own differences and possibly unify, they were already planning aggressive moves against the Algonquin tribes to the east with a goal to reach the Great Ocean. Deganawida tries to advocate for peaceful coexistence, but his pleas instead convince the representatives of the Mohawk tribe that the plan to unify the Iroquois was a sham to weaken the warrior spirit. While the Mohawk chiefs continue to agree to join a larger confederacy, they are already planning to get rid of Deganawida to prevent his preaching from destroying their warriors' spirits.
  • France: The military and navy are built up. The vassalage process of Burgundy and Orleans continues. While this, the settlers of St Marie d'Africa continue with locals trading with the Africans from the desert and trading salt to French Europe. While this, English pirates continue to be fought and an alliance is asked with Castile, Naples, Rome, and Hungary as well as the establishment of Louis' first goal to unify Gaul - or most of it - under one unique government, the Kingdom of France or allied nations in the region. While this, Bavaria is asked to form a military allied block in case of wars in the future from any side occurring implying direct co-operation from both sides to protect the other.
    • Angouleme: Military and navy are built up.
    • Saluzzo: Military and navy are built up.
    • H-H DIp: Wilhelm requests a defence agreement and greater access to French trade. We offer a formal trade agreement and a banking deal which will allow the French crown to finance easier through Holland banks.
    • Swiss Secret D: We request aid in an invasion and Swiss annexation of Savoy. In exchange, the Swiss will recognize and aid the French in annexing Burgundy.
  • Portugal continues a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, João I continues giving grants of land to some nobles to secure their loyalty. Meanwhile, Portugal begins to develop its navy.
  • ​Papal States: The navy is built up, and we begin purchasing cannons for the ships, which are copied of Venetian designs. The Pope boldly sends an emissary to the Timurd Empire, in the hope of making the heathens keep out of Europe. Influence continues on Cyprus, with the Island state giving permission to build a fort to house the troops stationed in the Byzantine Empire. Massive economic expansion begins, and our vassals follow suit. Genoa is declared non-Catholic, and a sinners den. Unless the Anti-pope is removed, there will be war. The Pope sends his blessing to the Catholic states fighting Muscovy and prays that they emerge victorious. We continue to express interest into an expedition to explore north Africa. Secret: The Ottoman Empire is offered a military alliance against Timurd. We send this offer to Venice as well.
    • Cyprus recognizes the Anti-pope of Avignon as the legitimate Pope. Your attempts will be invalid if you don't get them to align to you first.
    • Someone told me that they were Catholic states, so I assumed that they were aligned with me but I will try to get them back.
    • Bologna: Military and economic expansion begins.
    • Ancona: Military and economic expansion begins.
    • Perugia: Military and economic expansion begins:
    • Montefletro: Military and economic expansion begins.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice declares its support of the Papal State's pressure on Genoa and too asks that they remove the Anti-pope immediately to stop the chance of conflict arising to dangerous levels. Secret to all but the Papal State and Venice: Concerning the Timurids Venice states that it cannot go to war against an ally of one of its closest allies, even if another of its closest allies is asking and declares that it will remain neutral and reveal nothing of the plans to anyone.
  • Venetian Republic: Early in the year, Athens begins running short on food. The Castle inside still holds out but "the Bastard" rallies his supporters in the city and they become resolute in defence of the city. Fed up with the slow pace of the siege, the general decides to crush the rebellion once and for all. They storm the city and overpower the defenders, they finally capture Antonio after two days of long battle. He is brought to Venice where he is hung drawn and quartered in front of a crowd, specifically to highlight that he never had a rightful claim to Athens. Meanwhile, the remnants of "the Bastards" allies outside of the city are mopped up by combined forces of Romans and Venetian mercenaries. By the end of the year Thebes falls and talks begin in Venice about how best to quell the inner turmoil.
    With the Roscol Bank now branching out into other nations, money starts to pour into Venice. However, the Doge's uncle who manages the bank informs him that the current partnership model needs to be updated as certain parts of the legal framework are limiting the oppotunities avaliable. The Doge gives the task to several well learned minds to think over, hoping that the result may be able to be used beyond the bank to improve the business climate in Venice.
    Meanwhile, the Arsenal completes its orders, the state fleet is now 100 ships stronger and another 100 ships are on their way to Hungarian vassal ports for use by Venice's allies. This order brings a wealth of extra money to Venice and other events such as the extension of Dutch trade means that Venice is generating income more strongly compared to recent times. The Doge uses some of this revenue to fund his families retinue which he is now using as his personal guard.
    Late in the year the Doge is angered that some of the Nobles claim he does not have political weight as Milan fails to respond to Venetian demands. The Doge states that "Milan will know the price for its arrogance soon enough, I still hold out for a response. However, so that it may not be us who makes the price known". Nobles in opposition start shouting "weak!" until a fight breaks out ending with one or two nobles with bloody noses. The Doge takes his leave, knowing that he must deal with the issue at home. Mil-turn
    • Swiss Secret D: We request aid if we need to go to war with Savoy, as we are trying to claim our rightful territory of Geneva and Nice.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice states that in the case of a war, Venice might be forced into neutrality due to an alliance with the County of Savoy.
    • The Bastards Rebellion was actually a war against the Duchy of Athens, so I believe you would need an algorithm.
    • (CHANGED COMMENT) Actually, you are right. He invaded the east of the Duchy of Athens from his place in the west (Thebes) and still hasn't captured the castle in Athens. I do believe. I'll put up an algorithm for him attacking the Duchy and me - and Rome defending it. Considering the overwhelming strength, we'll win within the year.
    • Actually, it is an internal rebellion since the Bastard was a lord in the Duchy and since England does not have to do an algorithm to see what happens with their Welsh rebellion I don't really see why it's necessary here, considering I have Roman support and a more aggressive foreign policy than OTL Venice concerning military. Plus, the Duchy is much less of a threat to me than Wales is to England
    • Aegina: Acting as a base for the fleet that was assaulting the city of Athens, the small town of Aegina has a sudden influx of wealth. The two Rettore siphon off some into their purses but use the rest to maintain the island. Eco-turn
    • Athens: After the rebellion is quashed, the duchy is in turmoil, many wish not to be ruled by the Venetians but with the death of the Bastard are scattered to various minor causes. The General who took the city of Athens begins replacing the lost population by bringing in paid Venetian settlers who begin bringing the city back to normal trading procedure. Eco-turn
    • Corfu: The island enjoys the benefits of being next to the new port cities as a refurbishment of its defence capability is begun to ensure it can protect the islands. Mil-turn
    • Epirus: The Governor General begins by replacing the many feudal hereditary functions with appointed republican ones, they operate almost exactly the same but with different names and a lack of inheritance. He also invests in the harvesting of the natural resources of Epirus Eco-turn
    • Naxos: Ships are stationed at Naxos after the crushing of the Bastard's rebellion and placed under local command to ensure colonial security. Mil-turn
    • Negroponte: Many who were supporters of Venice fled to Negroponte, the capital grows and the population influx generates a minor increase in trade. Eco-turn
  • The Kingdom of England: Henry Percy continues to fight the Welsh rebels, fighting grows heavy but Percy, even after being approached by rebel members hoping to bribe his allegiance, Percy remains loyal to the crown thanks in part to the King recognizing his value to the realm and paying the soldiers in his command. In London, work begins on widening the riverfront access to the Thames River. To ensure the continued loyalty of his generals, the King increases their salary and creates a pension fund. The English navy is expanded, with newer and larger ships being constructed. The military is upgraded, with an emphasis on the longbowmen. The King heeds the words of the Archbishop of Canterbury and issues the De Heretico Comburendo Act, branding the Lollards has heretic traitors. The son of Henry the IV, Henry of Monmouth, takes up arms in the king's army and begins to fight against the Welsh forces of Glwdwyr. He is valiant in battle and has become a fearsome opponent, though many people begin to question his overly violent methods. In a terrible turn of events the heir to the throne, Henry of Monmouth is felled in battle. while the doctors tried everything, Henry perished in mid October. Thomas continues overseeing the englsh forces in Brittany. After a few years of quiet, spies from the House of York are sent among the nobles and common folk to stir up resentment for the King and his botched management of the war, With some even questioning the war all together, though these remain merely quiet whispers in the darkest corner of Inns and taverns. Albert Spinnet's new instrument begins to become popular among the landed nobility. In York a new game called "golf" begins.
    • Ormond: military is expanded. Alliances to Ulster and Desmond are requested.
      • Desmond Diplomacy: We accept.
      • Ulster Diplomacy: We accept.
    • Westmeath: military and industry are expanded. Alliances to Ulster and Desmond are requested.
      • Desmond Diplomacy: We accept.
      • Ulster Diplomacy: We accept.
    • Wales(non rebel): Henry, The Prince of Wales, continues with his troops to fight Glyndwr, though his hold in northern Wales remains firm, but is showing signs of weakness after his loss at Abrystrwyth. The military is expanded as well as industry to help fight the rebels and restore English rule. English Wales holds a funeral in rememberance of Henry Monmouth, the English King in personal attendence. Glyndwr and his forces face defeat afrer defeat with just a few strongholds left to his dying rebelion. English military leaders estimate it won't be long before he crumbles under the force of England's motivated troops.
  • Bengali Sultanate: The rule of consolidation continues, with a few breaches in its concept as the current Sultan continues to expand into the disorganized Jaunpur Sultanate by 250 sq km, seeking to have a more powerful role as a Muslim state in Northern India without warfare. As more people from the Jaunpur Sultanate come under the rule of the Bengali Sultanate, they are immediately given the status of citizens and not foreigners, owing to the similarities from the peoples in Jaunpur and Bengal due to their former status as parts of the Delhi Sultanate. Attempting to increase relations with his people to create some sort of everlasting support, the current Sultan allows Hindu and Buddhist peoples to become part of the merchant class, angering his son who has become more of an Islamic nationalist instead of developing a sense of tolerance. Coin minting is ended for the new coins in 1403 to ensure that there is no inflation gained from attempting to increase trade by making it possible for more merchants to hold more gold. Trade influence continues to be exerted on Orissa and Arakan, leading to Bengal controling a considerable amount of their foreign trade. The translation of the Indian epic Ramayana to Bengali is completed. It is sent to be copied by scribes in the capital of Gauda. Near what he perceives as the end of his life, the Sultan Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah begins to dictate his life to the Persian poet who translated the Ramayana to Bengali, entitled Jībanēra upara ēkaṭi cukti (জীবনের উপর একটি চুক্তি), or A Treatise on Life. Trade money begins to be pushed toward arming the Sultan's soldiers and offering to arm vassal soldiers at a reduced cost.
  • The Alliance of Four Oirats: The construction of the new capital, Oskemen has finished and the recipe for cement is now given to artisans to make cement in the city. The first batch of cement is made, which is first used to construct a cement road from Oskemen to OTL Zyryanovsk, now named Uhuji and recently became a settlement due to an abundance of iron. Wheat and barley begin to be planted in Four Oirats, particularly in the plains of OTL Kazakhstan. The first wheat is harvested, which greatly delighted the Khan, since the Four Oirats can finally stop their diet of meat and milk. Some nomads begin to become farmers and Orug Khan teaches them that the Long Living Sky blesses the Four Oirats with these seeds and thus, planting them is the mission given to them by the Long Living Sky. After hearing that Qara Del is sending a diplomat to China, Orug Khan felt great anger and sent 500 Khagan Guards to assassinate the diplomat. After following the diplomat for five days, they snuck up and attempted to murder him. Then, Orug Khan led the entire army of 10,000 men to attack Qara Del (algo in making). He sends a diplomat to China, saying that as Qara Del is a remnant state of Yuan, crushing Qara Del is the first step to destroying the Remaing Yuan Khanate.
    • Four Oirats D to Chagatai Khanate: Orug Khan asks to marry the princess of Chagatai Khanate and to improve relations and move toward consolidation. Mod, please reply.
    • We do not use the RNG here. I fixed that bit up as according to your result.
  • ​Emperor Yongle accepts Qara Del's offer of vassalage and immediately moves the Western Ming Army of 250,000 men to Hama. The Alliance of the Four Oirats is asked to stand down. Meanwhile, the Southern Ming Army is successful in reinstalling the Tran dynasty in Dai Viet after seiging Hanoi. The Tran Dynasty, endebted to the Chinese, then seeks vassalage in the face of disorder to the south and a hostile Lao Xing to the west. Naval development continues and administrators in Liaodong province prepare to annex the southern portion of the Jurchen nation which has been under Chinese occupation since shortly after the fall of the Yuan Dynasty. Korea continues developing its economy now that it is free of the Wokou pirates of Japan. The Joeson Emperor, emboldened by the defeat of the pirates seeks to conquer one of their bases, Tsushima.
  • Majapahit: After an almost even war a small part of Bami, the most eastern part, is added to the empire for trading and exploration purposes. Humilated that he barely managed to win over such a small tribal nation, he asks an alliance with the Sunda (Mod respond, please). Because of the construction of the new trading ships, trade is booming and a large trading network between different tribes and nations starts with the help of Majapahitian trade ships. Influence continues in Sunda.
    • Sunda rejects the offer of alliance and seeks to continue its own agenda independent of Majapahit's.
  • Ulster: We continue to build our castle, and the city around it. Trade continues with England, and the Ulster Government requests the recipe for gunpowder from England. A request is sent to Magennis, asking them to become a vassal of Ulster. We accept the alliance requests from Ormond and Westmeath. The Desmond Ball Game increases in popularity.
    • The area of Ireland covered by Clan Magennis at the time is under the O'Niell clan on the map.
  • ​Chiribaya: We continue to build our small fortifications and begin to train soldiers.
  • Japan: Ashikaga declares war on Shiba. The shogun sends 30,000 troops to go take over the state. In the state of Ashikaga the economy is increasing due to weapons, armor and food being bought by the military. The castle for the shogun is being built. Farming is increasing due to troops leaving for war. Scouts are sent fist to scan the area to see where we can attack. The shogun has a meeting with the government officials to discuss furture wars for territories wanting to be added to the empire.
  • Mecklenburg: We declare war on the nation of Poland to liberate Muscovy and to answer the call of the Holy Roman Emperor and the Teutonic Order. The military is mobilized and positioned to aid our allies. (Flownder10 asked me to post this for him. RazorFangZ14 (talk))
  • Florence: Vassalization of the House of Este continues as Florence improves its economy and military. The infrastructure is improved as renovations continue to take place in and around the city of Florence. Relations with Venice improve as two nations sign more treaties in order to increase trade in the region.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice is cautious but is glad that previous agreements, especially the Medici-Roscol agreement are no longer in jeopardy. They also welcome the new ones.
  • Köln: We continue upgrading our military capabilities to serve the Holy Roman Empire and the German people, and to defend Catholic peoples of Europe from outside invasion. We ally with Heinsburg and begin influencing their government. We declare war on the nation of Poland to defend our German brethren and to aid our oppressed allies.
  • Desmond: Desmond continues military reforms, with jousts, archery contests and other games of the sort being held near Tomasdun at the time. The Earl of Desmond has come of age and is looking for a suitable wife. Cork continues to grow as a merchant port, and new inventions come to Desmond, most notably crossbows and longbows, which had not been traditionally used in Ireland. The Earl orders fletchers and bowmakers to make 50 or so crossbows for the military to use. Iron is discovered in some parts of the nation, and with some of the money that has come from the voyages and newfound economic reforms, we order a mine to be created. We ask England to trade modern weapons and armor such as chain mail and better swords with us. Fishing and foresting continues to rise, and the grain system of feeding the military continues. We send our condolences to England, for their heir has died. Some grain makes it to the poor, although this is limited, it attracts some clansmen from outside Desmond to settle and become a farmer to have a more stable lifestyle. Small border villages form on the edges of Desmond's territory, and people in the clans to the south under the MacCarthies become gradually more Norman culturally. The ball game, now known as Mob-Ball, as it has a tendency to be rowdy and violent becomes quite popular around several towns in the nation. The Earldom's cartographer creates several maps of Ireland and the British Isles.
    PMIII Base 1400

    Map #1

    PMIII Ireland Custom PNG 1400

    Map #2

  • Zapotec: Emperor Tlaco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan expands into the surrounding city-states.
  • The UNC continues to develop the joint military of the Three Kingdoms. Meanwhile, we assure the Northern German states that we have no intention of stopping traffic through the channel - we are merely putting a small tariff on it, and enacting self-defense measures. We continue to advance into Saami lands and the young king - now ten years of age - goes on a tour of the newly gained lands, when his convoy is attacked by several Saami raiding parties. Several brave knights succeed in fighting them off, and as a result the King makes a new Order on the spot - the Order of the Beastslayers - and inducts them into said order. These knights - now known as the Beastslayers - become the personal Royal Guard of the King. We announce support of the English, our trade partners, in their efforts against the Welsh rebels and other assorted miscreants. In order to better deal with regional crises, the Grand Council gives the King the right to name three Overlords to rule each of the Three Kingdoms in his name. They are still subject to the Grand Council, however. Several diplomatic crises occur with the Hamburger government, and the Crown rushes 3000 troops to the border. In November, yet another diplomatic crisis is engineered. The Joint Armies are moved toward the city - and war, claimed to be near by the King - IS HERE. (This is a declaration of war, folks. Algo coming.) \
  • Mangut Nivkhgu: History indicates little of what 1403 brought to the Nivkhs - although some rumors stipulate that the great Nivkh pastry tradition was born around this time. However, the archaeological evidence rules this firmly out, as the modern Nivkh "Tiger's Hand pastry" relies heavily on orange peel, bananas and poppy seeds - none of which was culinarily known to the Nivkhs of this time - despite the protests of some highly nationalistic modern chefs and poets. Regardless, what we CAN say about this period is that the young chiefdom continued to expand, reaching another 1000 sq km down the Sakhalin coast. The great monastery is also have known to have expanded, likely due to the influx of young Nivkh monks - who likely had an easier decision than modern Nivkh monks as they knew not the joys of the Nivkh pastry tradition in which monks cannot indulge.
  • County of Oldenburg: The pacification of the Frisian tribes continues going quite well, especially with the help of H-H and Hamburg. Count Christian responds to Hainaut-Holland's offer of last year to split Frisia between them, saying that as much as he would like to, the King of the Germans explicitly stated that he did not want Frisia to be taken over by one or more existing states. If Hainaut-Holland could help us persuade the King to change his mind, then we would most certainly agree to the deal. The Count and his Council are worried by the news of the Kalmar Union's claim to Hamburg, and they urge the knights and lords of the realm to repair and stock up their fortifications just in case. (My post was deleted. Grrr!)
  • Cahokian civilisation: The Cahokian civilisation has now stabilised to the point where it is considered an independent entity of the Mississippian River civilisations. Thus the collapse and fragmentation of the Mississippian River civilisations has seen two civilisations prevail against the odds: the Cahokian civilisation and the Moundville civilisation. The Cahokian civilisation has lands across the OTL States of Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. Thanks to the collapse of Mississippian society east of the Appalachian Mountains, a large number of refugees arrive en masse from the east. These refugees are all well versed in fishing techniques, due to their previous location, and as a result practically all of them join the settlements on the Great Lakes coast. This leads to an increase in the need for living space, and as a result the expansion up the east coast of OTL Lake Michigan continues with now greater imperative. The flow of refugees from the south is now slowing down, and is expected to cease within the next two years. This is mainly due to the past three years of rapid refugee movement north, and the lack of refugees remaining in the south as a result. That and how many of the remaining refugees are choosing to go to the closer Moundville civilisation rather than the farther away Cahokian civilisation. Trade between the Cahokian civilisation and Moundville civilisation increases once again, with Moundville’s reliance on the Cahokian civilisation for certain resources not available in the south increasing once more. This reliance on the north has begun to become noticeable in Moundville markets, as seasonal dips of resources in the north are now resulting in negative effects on the trade within Moundville. The settlements on and near the coast of the Great Lakes in the far north of the Cahokian civilisation continue to produce bountiful harvests, bolstered with fish and crustaceans caught from the Great Lakes. These settlements continue to grow in size. More refugees end up in Cahokia, albeit at the slower rate being experienced by the rest of the Cahokian civilisation, and its population continues to go through its revival. This places the population at around 35,000 Cahokians. Like last year, these refugees effectively nullify their negative impact by increasing the workforce available to cultivate new food stocks and gather resources. The new crops planted last year in the area surrounding Cahokia are successful, and as a result Cahokia’s food stocks increase again, leading to an even larger surplus than last year. New crops are replanted in these areas. Irrigation techniques are refined again to see if they can improve the quality of the overall harvest once more. The well-established trade network within the Cahokian civilization allows valuable food stocks to continue to be transported down from the Great Lake settlements to the rest of the Cahokian lands. The monthly waste removal ritual continues within Cahokia, and has now spread to all settlements within the Cahokian civilisation, regardless of size. The prevalence of disease, and death rate, both within Cahokia itself and the rest of the Cahokian lands, continue to decline as a result. The Cahokian civilisation is now seeing net growth, as birth rates now outweigh death rates annually. The high priests of the Southern Cult are now mainly based within the Cahokian civilisation, with few choosing to reside in the Moundville civilisation. As the Cahokians have control over a greater number of religious sites, including the most famous, the Great Serpent Mound. Many Moundvillians make pilgrimages to see the religious sites within the Cahokian lands.
  • Provence: Is given a new impetus to the economy and especially trade, taking advantage of the port of Marseille. Similarly more mercenaries to protect the Royals territories are recruited. The Count of Provence moves his influence in France and ask for alliance, also to the Italian kingdoms and republics, again. The count continue his intervention in Avignon. Exercises control over the access to this small region, with military contingents "ensures" the power of the Anti-pope. Also try to put his power to the appointed cardinal by offering them money.
  • Anjou: Follows the model of Provence and improves existing military elements.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund travels to the ports to see the ships of the Hungarian fleet. He is impressed by the ships and he immediately sends them out to the Mediterranean to look for weak nations to subordinate. Sigismund continues to cement his power, and begins to ready his troops in case his plans don't work. Sigismund stil has troops on guard in case Ladislaus I comes aknocking. Sigismund continues the expansion of his merchant fleet with his merchant fleet growing as 10 more ships are built. Sophia of Bavaria and Sigismund have developed a romantic relation with each other. She gets a divorce through the church, who have no problem understanding her plight. And so, in June, they get married. Sigismund now has a wife and he hopes he can finally get the heir he desires. Sigismund also realises he is in desperate need of alliances and soon looks to re-affirm his alliance with Byzantine. He also looks to Iberia to see if he can make allies there. The construction of the castles in the north continue, while the army continue to train. Sigismund continues to dictate the activities of Split. More peasants are trained but these are the ones that will be mobilised the most. Under Sigismund's orders, diplomats are sent southward to build economic relations. Sigismund also turns his focus south and begins fortifying the border with the Ottomans to make sure he is safe. He uses thousands of Slavic workers to do so, not caring how many die. Croatia sees a large economic boom beginning as trading helps increase the amount of money brought in.
  • Garay: The few castles continue to be constructed and already the infrastructure of the land can be seen improving as there are no broken and old castles to take care of, allowing more better distribution of resources. The nobles on the land continue their efforts to increase productivity as well as increase the amount of trade between lands so that they can profit and help fill imperial coffers. As well as this, the soldiers of the nobles train against each other and some are sent to assist their lord.
  • Split: The nobles begin to work on creating standing armies to manage and control their lands. They are also coming round to the idea a large threat is present. Therefore, some money is put into building castles as most have been burnt down. This will help increase defence capabilities.
  • Pskov decides that to better defend itself and its merchants and handicraft workers, Pskov should institute a miniscule sales tax on goods and services, and use it to pay for permanent upkeep of a Druzhina loyal only to the State of Pskov and its people, to be used to enforce the law and defend the populace from outside threats. A small shipyard is being built in the City of Narva, where the Pskovians are planning to build their Fleet and hope to become full members, and not just a Kontore, of the Hanseatic League. Meanwhile, Pskov Veche grants Novgorod the right to move troops through its territory in light of the recently signed alliance. Dignitaries continue to scour the globe and search for the legendary land of Dragons ... where ships are as big as villages ...

1404

Rebel leader Owain Glyndŵr, having declared himself Prince of Wales, allies with the French against the English. He later begins holding parliamentary assemblies. Ruaidri Caech MacDermot succeeds Conchobair Og MacDermot as King of Moylurg in present-day north-east Connacht, Ireland.

  • This event did happen in OTL but in ATL it doesn't make any sense. He is losing bad and the French have already expressed their desire to end the war, which I cannot do right now for plausibilities sake of course, but unlike OTL, the mixture of events here isn't the same.
  • That is why on the moderator page I left a note under the event after I wrote it saying, "I don't know exactly what is going on in England right now, so feel free to interject". Since you didn't engage in any of the England-related discussion, or voice your concern during the few days it was there, it was posted. I will remove the event, but in the future please try to contribute to the conversation on the moderator page so this kind of confusion doesn't happen again. Thanks, - Mscoree
  • My sincerest apologies Ms, I did mention it on the mod page, but it was too late. I was unable to make it on there late last night, then internet was quite unco-operative.
  • Okay, no problem. I will try to come into contact with you first for English stuff from now on.

In Rome, Pope Innocent VII succeeds Pope Boniface IX as the 204th Pope. Stephan Tvrtko II succeeds Stefan Ostoja as King of Bosnia. Centurione II Zaccaria succeeds Maria II Zaccaria as ruler of the Principality of Achaea.

A flood devastates parts of Flanders, Zeeland and Holland.

The University of Turin is founded.

Virupaksha Raya succeeds Harihara Raya II as ruler of the Vijayanagara Empire in present-day southern India. Narayana Ramadhipati succeeds Ponthea Yat as King of Cambodia.

The Visconti rulers in the Republic of Siena are expelled, leading to Siena’s departure from Milanese rule this year. They enter an alliance with Florence.

“Moundville” civilization influence reaches the Gulf of Mexico.

In Lithuania, ethnic tension reach a boiling point and minor revolts across the Ukraine occur. Lithuania faces the choice of working with Poland to maintain their hold on either the Ukraine or Muscovy. With increased tensions in Eastern Europe and the huge Islamic nations of the Golden Horde, the Ottoman Empire and the Timurids at their doorsteps, many within the HRE advise against war with Poland.

Georgia falls to the combined attack of the White Sheep Turkmen, Erzincan, and the Timurids.

The Marinids protest against the Castilian and Granadian settlements on their side of the Straits. A North African alliance is formed between the states of Marinid Morocco, Zayyanid Algeria, Hafsid Tunisia, and the Zab and Gafsan tribes.

The Delhi Sultanate, Multan, Sind and Marwar consolidate and stabilize in the aftermath of the Timurid invasion. Meanwhile, Vijayanagar and Orissa conquer Andhra, splitting the coastal nation in half.

The Samotgitian pagans become more bold as Christians become only a small minority in Samogitia. Samogitian courtiers also become more bold, establishing small house-temples near the Prussian court. A riot erupts in Konigsberg after a bizarre ritual at a pagan house temple that was reputed to have involved five sheep, three chickens, four spools of bailing twine, two jugs of bacon grease, and a very large amount of mead.

The Teutonic Order and several of their allies successfully invade Poland. The Muscovite rebels successfully retake the city of Moscow, and declare the region to be independent of Polish rule.

After a brief skirmish between Scandinavian and Hamburger soldiers in northern Germany, the Free City of Hamburg agrees to a treaty lasting until 1450 that will require Hamburg to pay a portion of their trade income, provide fleet basing rights to Scandinavia, and remain neutral in all future wars against Scandinavia.


  • Novgorod: We increase our military power with a large number of citizens joining our nation’s Army. Aid and support is continued to be sent to the coalition against Poland. Our leaders begin discussing the topic of unifying our East Slavic brethren with Muscovy, after the war and the rebellion has halted. Much of the populace and leaders say to keep Muscovy in power and as the capital of the union due to their religious influence on our people. We keep on building more and more Koch boats. Thousands of troops move across the Rus’, marching into Poland-Lithuania, pushing back the Polish heathen. We begin to produce more advanced crossbows, swords and composite bows.
  • Provence: Is given a new impetus to the economy and especially trade, taking advantage of the port of Marseille. Similarly more mercenaries to protect the Royals territories are recruited. The Count of Provence moves his influence in France and ask for alliance, also to the Italian kingdoms and republics, again. The count continues his intervention in Avignon. Exercises control over the access to this small region, with military contingents "ensures" the power of the Anti-pope. Also tries to put his power to the appointed cardinal by offering him money.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice offers to help fund the military and economic endeavours of Provence through the Roscol Bank if they allow them to set up a branch in Provence and manage their finances.
  • Anjou: Follows the model of Provence and improves existing military elements.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice offers the same deal it did to Provence to Anjou.
  • Hainaut and Holland: Wilhelm responds at once to the floodings of his Dutch domains mobilizing all free hands to help deal with damage and backing all financial aid necessary for reconstruction. He also supports the construction of barricades to protect the ports and coastal towns. Taking advantage of the damage to Flanders. Dutch merchants move in on Flemish trade routes in northern Europe. Whatever funds can go toward naval expansion are given, and artisan and metalwork production in Hainaut continue to grow. more cannons and hand cannons are made, while the peaaentry are given more freedom to move and take part in commerce and production giving rise to a small exodus of peasants from the poor agriculture to the growing towns and ports. Military is expanded where it can be. Wilhelm officially grants Engelbert of Nassau several lands within his lands and formalizes the betrothal between his three year old daughter and Engel, while it is believed that Wilhelm is planning out the inheritance of his estates upon his death, though these are unconfirmed rumors. Wilhelm continues to lay claims to Brabant. Influence over the duchy continues with many within Brabant seeing the large growth of WIlhelm's estates in recent years in comparison to the comparatively static situation of Brabant which is starting to enter into decadence as Holland and Hainaut grow stronger and far richer, with greater freedoms within the lands. To back the claims to Brabant Wilhelm shows the lineage of his house which clearly shows that the Duchy of Brabant belonged to his house during the reign of Emperor Louis IV of the Holy Roman Empire who was the grandfather of Wilhelm of Holland and Hainaut before the lands were stolen by the current ruling family of the Duchy. Trade with Castile, Scandinavia, Prussia, the Roman Empire, and Venice continues to grow allowing for a greater influx of capital into Holland and Hainaut, while Dutch merchants gain greater trade rights at the expense of the declining Hanseatic and Genoan traders. The Prussian and Castilian choice to hold their finances within Holland also allows for an expansion of the banking sector. Wilhelm declares Holland and Hainaut a safe haven for Jews and those who face religious persecution in Europe, to help attract skilled people. He also officially supports the Pope in Rome agianst the Anti-pope. However, he unofficially starts to distance his estates from the church to avoid being pulled into religious wars.
    • Genoan D: Genoa requests that Genoan trade is increased and that Genoan bankers can help with your banking. Secret dip: We will help you get Flanders through increased dependence on our trade and after extreme embargos.
    • H-H Dip: WIlhelm refuses the Genoan requests stating the era of Genoan dominance over trade has come to an end and it is now time for the Dutch to take their place as the traders and bankers of western Europe.
    • English Dip: We ask if England can expand its economic portfolio by investing in the Bank of Holland.#
    • H-H Dip: WE accept England's request gratiously and we thank them for trusting the Holland banks.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Roscol Bank sets up a small branch in H-H, they avoid competing heavily with the Dutch bank and instead focus on funding further Dutch trading ventures to Venice and their allies. Venice would like to invite some H-H businessmen to Venice to work with the Venetians on the reform of the legal structure of the bank, stating they are willing to share research if assisted.
    • H-H Dip: We agree to the Venitian request.
  • Aragon expands military and infrastructure. It expands farther north into unorganized Basque territory. Troops continue to stabilize disarrayed territory in Corsica and Sardinia. Corsica is now fully under Aragonese control. Aragon denounces the wars being fought in the east. Aragon seeks to open greater trade relations with Florence and the Roman Empire. Martin II begins to distance Aragon from the Anti-pope while still supporting him.
  • The Prussians officially crush the increasingly violent Samogitan pagans. A religious court, or Inquisition, is established. The violent pagans are purged following enthusiastically-obtained confessions, and many pagans are killed during the interrogations to root out further violent tendencies. Most of the surviving Samogitans either flee to Lithuania or convert to Christianity. The Samogitan community in Prussia had been reduced to a tenth of its population by the time the Prussian Inquisition ends. The Prussians continue fighting in the Muscovite Crusade.
  • Swiss Confederacy: We continue to modernize our military. We purchase 20 polybolos, 20 cannons, eight mortars, and 100 repeating crossbows. We continue to influence our surrounding cantons, strengthening ties. We build up a wall for defense around the Swiss Confederacy and annex the Abby of Engelberg. We continue to heavily influence the Three Leagues with many people becoming more receptive to complete unification under the Swiss flag, along with Friet Amter, and Baden. To better prepare our nation and strengthen ties with our neighbors, we withdraw our troops from the war on Poland to retrain and rearm.
    • Swiss D: We request aid from the HRE, France and any other nation willing to help the Swiss reclaim our territory. We offer aid in future conflicts and economic rights.
    • Castilian Dip: Okay.
    • H-H dip: Wilhelm agrees to provide financial and diplomatic support for the Swiss cause but can not intervene directly due to the distance and the need to deal with the recent floods.
    • France D: We will help, and we would like to get Savoyard regions within OTL Rhone-Alpes
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice offers to help fund further Swiss expansion through the Roscol Bank if the Swiss allows the bank to handle their nations finances and set up a branch in their lands.
  • Castile: Henry III in control of the control continues his previous policies of pacifying and restoring the power of King and with support of the aristocracy begins displacing influential but relatively bad people. Along with this, he begins major cleanup of the kingdom's economy setting up a plan that will put the kingdom's finances in order within one or two years, it is completed. The Kingdom itself begins a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Jews are tolerated more, and the heavy sales tax is removed allowing for a growing purchase from people. The Castilians settle the Canaries creating a few settlements and creating the Kingdom of the Canaries which recognizes the Castilian king as the actual suzerain king The main settlements are expanded as well with the main settlement of Santa Cruz being named the capital other settlements continue to spring up along the islands with the area becoming more and more visited by trade ships and the like. The Crown begins throwing influence into Genoa looking to debilitate them in any way possible. This is done in secret and is particularly successful with some influential Genoans looking to gain higher profit from Castile rather than Genoa. Castile seeing the need for a better influx of income and less rebellious Muslims and Jews establishes a tax that protects the religious rights of Muslims and Jews as long as they pay this tax. However, this does encourage some new converts who wish to have a few more coins in their pockets as a Christian rather than poorer. The country also begins a more major program of cultural integration creating a series of schools meant to help integrate and get Castilian language and cultural superiority (This is just being finished. Pretty much the entirety of Castile was Castilian culture at this point) Castile also invests heavily into the gold trade running through Granada and seizes this type of trade from Genoa who had previously been running it and per new local laws begins imprisoning Genoan merchants as they are breaking new local trade laws in Castile and Granada. The Infrastructure of the country is improved greatly with better roads being implemented. The Castilian navy also begins to show issues of running into Moroccan pirates and other ships near Gibraltar and begins sending reports to the nobility and the king asking for their possible intervention. Castile also begins to harass Moroccan trade by sinking a few ships. Castilian trade ships begin to travel in convoys with Granadan trade ships as well. The Castilian King implements a royal education system in order to allow for capable rulers and puts his son into the program in order to give him the education needed to rule the country effectively. Castilian settlers also continue expanding into the Straits of Gibraltar and other areas surrounding it as it is unorganized and seize it relatively easily with a moderate settlement springing up turning the area into a Castilian province soon Certain areas like Tangiers and Cueta are totally secured via Castilian fort/settlements. The settlements expand into the disorganized territory by 400 sq km. (Please let me know if this is off. I'm still figuring this whole thing out). Castile captures and evicts all Genoan traders for their interference and seizes all their goods for the State. The King now has another child now two years of age, a daughter named Maria of Castile. In response to the hostility in North Africa Castile calls on Naples and Venetia to help with the situation already knowing Venetia's answer. The Castilian troops begin deploying through the now secured Straits of Gibraltar and begin to fortify the area in anticipation of an attack from the alliance. Castilian police execute any returning traders from Genoa and send their heads back to Genoa.
    • Granada: As a tributary state (vassal) of Castile, Granada remains strangely alert attempting to maintain its independence. With large amounts of Muslims the people regardless of their vassalage to a Christian state seem relatively calm. Granada in attempt to remain on good terms with Castile begins secretly helping move the gold trade toward Castile and away from Genoa helping to wrestle it from Genoa quite easily. Some merchants, at this point still trying to maintain trade dominance, are executed under a new trade laws. The Granadian military remains relatively alert and begins drills. The infrastructure of Granada is improved as well. The Granadians see a next to no influx of Muslims over this period due to new laws enacted in Castile. The relatively low population of Christians in Granada begins to expand more with Christian immigrant from all over Iberia settling in certain areas The religious tax enacted keeps most anti-Christian groups in check and the rest see it better to leave and go to neighboring Muslim countries rather than a relatively passive Granada. The Granadan trade ships begin to travel with Castilian ones for better protection. Granada begins to show a superiority complex to other Muslim nations and begins showing hostility to Moroccans in general deeming them "lesser" to the Granadans. This has to do with the many secretly corrupt officials who have begun major galvanization of the populace against other Muslim states and enemies of Castile which are now being lumped as Granadan enemies as well. Granada expands with permission of Castile into the disorganized area west of the Strait of Gibraltar and seizes the areas by force declaring it to be rightfully Granadan and Castilian land. This expansion is about 300 sq km. Granadan soldiers begin to co-ordinate their efforts with Castilian troops with fortification and deploy their own troops to the area most notably deploying a new highly trained units. Granada imprisons the leader of Genoas local trade guild and burns all Genoan ships at port.
    • Bavaria-Lundsut Dip: Heinrich XVI petitions the King of Castile for a trade agreement.
    • Castile dip: Agreed.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Due to a useful tip, Venetian merchants avoid breaking the new local laws. Venetian traders ensure that no trade flow is lost through the elimination of Geonese traders by taking up the slack that Castile cannot. Further, seeing the issues of Moroccan pirates, part of the Venetian fleet is sent west to help maintain order in the waters, However, the contingent isn't large as the closest Venetian port is too far to risk one. Upon hearing the call for support from Castile, the Doge send a half of his current forces. The fleet transports a large number of experienced Venetian mercenaries, fresh from their wars in Epirus and Athens. Further Venice asks Castile if they will accept the establishment of the Roscol Bank in Castile, stating that they can support economic growth in the nation.
    • Hainut and Holland: we state ti the Venitians that several deals have already ben secured with Castile over banking and trade rights but we are willing to share with Venice as they are friends and a conflict between the old trading regime of Europe and the Dutch would not be wise.
    • The Pskov Veche, looking to capitalize on the insurrection going on in Lithuania, and seeing as they spurned a request for an alliance and said that they could have made Pskov a vassal, decide to use the small military force of about 5000 that they have created last year, and liberate Kiev and try to infuence the Ukrainian rebels and unite them, with a force led by Prince Afanasiy no doubt ... they sneak into the forests through Russia, and are quickly approaching the former Capital of Rus '... the outcome (*and discovery) pending the recent algorithm posted ... Meanwhile, domesticaly, Pskov is once again seen as the Russian capital of Handicraft and trades and whatnot due to its borderlands nature ... it is beginning to try to sign a trade deal with Novgorod, in which Novgorod would give it furs, and for a payment, Pskov would turn them into the finest clothes in all the Russias!
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Upon seeing that the Dutch already have rights to manage Castile's finances and that the Roscol Bank is threatening to undermine this, the Doge forces them to focus simply on economic enterprise. The Doge also apologises to the Dutch over the confusion.
  • Bayern-Landshut: Bavaria-Landshut expands its military. Heinrich XVI continually calls the lords of Munchen for tribute and manpower, becoming continually more stern and demaning. The duke sets his sights for Bayern-Straubing as well, and begins to similarly request tribute and manpower. In other news, the population continues to rise. Heinrich and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. After the University of Wurzberg is founded, Heinrich's interest is piqued and he begins planning an education system of his own in Bavaria. He meets with his council and decides to pursue the construction of a university in Landshut once the economy can support it. In dynastic news, Heinrich turns 18 this year, and it is expected a child will be born into the dynasty within the next year.
    • H-H Dip: We offer Heinrich and the other members of the WIttelsbach family to begin banking through the Duch banks which are rapidly growing. We offer good deals and favorable loan terms whenever Bavaria may need them.
    • B-L Dip: Heinrich's interest is piqued and he accepts the offer, knowing that a deal such as this will be useful in the future.
  • Bosnia: Stephan Tvrtko II reconizes that foreign invation is the highest threat to Bosnia, so the Sarajevo Mandate is created. It is a three year plan which states that every able-bodied male receives adequate military training, that the military itself expands, and to upgrade/keep the military to have the best technology of warfare. To produce enough weapons for the militia the government is willing to have weaponsmiths and their families to move into Bosnia with reduced taxation and guaranteed housing. Also varrious existing mines are expanded and booming to mine the amount of iron and copper needed to arm the populace. Bosnia needs anyone to help us train our milita.
    • ​Naples offers to train your militia, and also offers his fleet for any purpose.
    • Bosnia Dip: We give our thanks and some extra iron to you.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Hoping to act as a show of the strength and prowess of the Venice-Naples alliance Venice, too, offers to help. They offer to help fund the ambitious endeavour through the establishment of the Roscol Bank in the nation to manage the nations finances and help pay for the military upgrades the nation is doing. The Doge also offers to supply weapons and other items Bosnia cannot produce to Bosnia in exchange for a trade agreement. As a final action they also send several Venetian masters to train Bosnia's militia in matters related to naval warfare primarily but also other forms of combat.
  • Muscovy: We are thankful for the support and liberation of our nation from Poland and Lithuania. Troops are sent into the Ukraine along with allied forces to arm the rebellion against Lithuania. Discussions have been made on the topic of annexing territory containing a mass majority of those who come from East Slavic descent and practice Orthodoxy. Many in the city of Moscow are calling for a reuniting with our East Slavic brethren in the Ukraine (OTL Ukrainian territory held by Lithuania), and eastern Lithuania (OTL: Belarus). With the throne reclaimed, a treaty is in the drafting and will be proposed to the coalition and Poland-Lithuania once all territory has been captured and is successfully occupied by the coalition. Economic development begins with the increase of food and metal production as a priority for the war effort, and to feed/defend the population. We ask that troops from Pskov don’t interfere with our foreign affairs, as long as they intend to aid in our war effort.
  • You do get it's ridiculous to have linguistic nationalism in the fifteenth century, don't you?
  • Kingdom of Naples: King Ladislaus I continues the reforms. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards, and production of new boats to combat the pirates of the Mediterranean. Territorial defenses continue being built based on border forts. The vasalization of Ferrara and Mantua is complete. The king continues sending help to the Papal States so he can consolidate his lands, and also to ask for the blessing of the new Pope Innocent VII. The king continues sending ships to the Byzantine Empire to block ports and capture enemy ships. The Principality of Zeta, ruled now by Balša III, will become our vassal in three years. The king also send an alliance proposal to Siena.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice offers to help fund further military and economic endeavours by the Kingdom through the Roscol Bank if they allow the bank to set up a branch and manage the finances of Naples.
  • Ferrara: Improves the economy.
  • Mantua: Improves the economy.
  • Genoan D: Genoa requests that Genoan trade is increased and that Genoan bankers can help with your banking.
  • The Republic of Genoa works more on its enormous navy and tiny army. Influence of Savoy, Luca and Modenea continues. Trade continues and full force in the areas that Genoa commercially dominates, especially in Granada and Flanders. The Anti-pope grows in influence with Genoa making many attempts to kill him, all failing. Alliances are approved with Naples and Florence. Castile is warned to stop, otherwise consquences will happen. Alliances are requested with Milan and Kalmer. A Corsican family under the name of Bonaparte rises and a Genoan one by the name of Colombus.
    • ​Granada is my vassal, and Castile and Venetia shoved you out successfully. You no longer dominate trade there and if you continue to say you do I'll have a mod handle you and if not, I'll handle you myself. Are we clear, Oct?
    • I doubt you can dominate near Holland's position, especially not in Flanders.
    • Castilian Dip: We deliver the heads of any and all Genoan traders found in Castile and tell Genoa that their continued presence in Castile or Granada will result in deteriorating relations. Any attempts to re-establish trade through Granada will result in war, and any further influence in Iberia in general will be met with the full force of Castile and its allies. This is non-negotiable and the king swears that Genoa will burn if he attempts any further influence.
    • Oct, Granada is a vassal of a player nation. You can not influence them. Stop. Failure to do so can, and more than likely, will trigger a war with Castile. You have no power and little influence. I am asking you nicely once to please cease and desist.~~Andrew
    • Yeah, also remember the golden era of Genoa is long past. They lost control of many areas during the late 1300s. Plus, I've been violently taking over your trade routes in Western Europe from the Iberian Peninsula to the North Sea. You don't dominate anything in Western Europe anymore. When Castile cut you off from Granada your entire trade empire was basically lost. Now Venice and I will be dominating trade in the pre-colonial era. Nkbeeching (talk) 10:56, February 5, 2014 (UTC)
    • Make up your own families.
    • Apart from that, the Bonapartes are originally a Tuscan family that moved to Corsica - I think in the early 1700s. Nkbeeching (talk) 19:37, February 5, 2014 (UTC)
    • Genoa actually had a very strong influence and trade hold on Granada, and Flanders. Not enough time from 1400 until now to break it.
    • No. Genoa had lost most of its trade power west of Granada before 1390. Look it up. Nkbeeching (talk) 22:35, February 5, 2014 (UTC)
    • Let's also not forget that I did kill or capture most of his traders and burn ships, seize goods. Tthe list goes on. Those would be well enough to shut down his trade influence - not to mention Granada is a vassal and most are agreeing with me that Oct lacks the ability to maintain influence in Granada - especially with the fact that he's being spurned everywhere and having trade shut down or wiped out. -Feud
    • Call it the "Kalmer" one more time and not only will I not "ally" with you, damn it, I'll INVADE you.
  • Hamburg: Hamburg delivers the first payment to the UNC, the first of 47. Later, the troops Hamburg had committed to fight against Poland return home. Ships destroyed in the Elbe are salvaged to make a clear path for trade ships. The city government decides to invest in defensive structures. Hamburg sends requests to allies, looking to buy at least fifteen cannons. Hand cannons are issued to the soldiers, now standard. The idea is proposed to turn a number of merchant vessels into dedicated warships to patrol the Elbe and provide assistance to allies. To make up for lost revenue sent to the UNC, Hamburg sends diplomats to secure new trade partners. Castile is asked if Hamburg can purchase or lease a spot in the Canary Islands for use as a resupply base.
  • Ethiopia: We begin expanding our military and infrastructure. We begin trading with other nations and expanding to uninhabited lands.
  • Yemen: The Emir decides that he will go to Aragon with his envoy. The Emir requests an audience with the King of Aragon as he first arrives in Aragon. The Emir decides that he will complete his trip across Europe next year when he goes to Castile, then he will leave the following year back to Yemen. The Regent decides to start expanding into the disorganized territories of Mecca by 250 sq km. He continues to implement the policies of the Emir, which helps increase the size of the navy and the stability of the realm. The Regent looks forward to the Emir returning in the year following the next
  • The Jochid Ulus continues to remain neutral in the wars toward its both sides, as it has more to lose than to win, even now that Perm has been crushed. Qazan and Obran Osh continue to grow, the former reaching five hundred inhabitants; the later, one thousand. The Volga Russians begin to be integrated into their new territory. The Kamkšajsk settlement expands 500 km northward and eastward, founding the first permanent Samoyed settlement, Nyar'yanamar, meaning the Red City. A similarly-named town, Yoshkar-Ola, is founded just south of the border with Kirov. The economy booms with the construction of these towns on the Volga, as well as the good agricultural yields of the steppe. Roads continue being built, connecting the new towns. Influencing of the Ossetes and the Circassians, directly south of the border, continues. Ïdegay Emir continues to buy handgonnes. Temür-Hachiun turns three, and Nogay turns two. Borte, Shadi Beg's daughter, contracts pneumonia, but survives the year. Fortifications begin to be planned in the Crimea, especially next to the Genoan settlements. The evangelical missions of Christian and Muslim groups alike begins in Qazan, although it fails to make any inroads.
    • ​The Principality of Ustyug begins to resent Jochid dominance, as this year a fifth of all the income of Ustyug is demanded as tribute to the Khan. When households object, they are kidnapped, treated brutally, and sent to settle the Volga. The remnants of the population begin to develop animosity toward the Mongols, and hatred is at an all-time high.
    • The Principality of Great Perm is treated more lightly, although there is far more occupying troops in the area. Cherdyn begins to be rebuilt late in the year, under the governance of a Komi convert to Islam who took a Tatar wife, Muhammad-Žakov Kal’ӧ and the "overlordship" of Ïdegay Emir. The economy and military are improved, as the Principality is rebuilt from war. Muhammad-Zakov establishes the local Permic Kurultai, destined to confirm his and Ïdegay's decisions like it does in the Ulus.
  • The Kingdom of England: Henry Percy continues to fight the Welsh rebels, fighting grows heavy but Percy, even after being approached by rebel members hoping to bribe his allegiance, Percy remains loyal to the crown thanks in part to the King recognizing his value to the realm and paying the soldiers in his command. In London, work begins on widening the riverfront access to the Thames River. To ensure the continued loyalty of his generals, the King increases their salary and creates a pension fund. The English navy is expanded, with newer and larger ships being constructed. The military is upgraded, with an emphasis on the longbowmen. The King heeds the words of the Archbishop of Canterbury and issues the De Heretico Comburendo Act, branding the Lollards has heretic traitors. Thomas, the last current heir to the throne narrowly avoids death in a small battle outside Rheims. After a few years of quiet, spies from the House of York are sent among the nobles and common folk to stir up resentment for the King and his botched management of the war, With some even questioning the war altogether, though these remain merely quiet whispers in the darkest corner of inns and taverns. Albert Spinnet's new instrument begins to become popular among the landed nobility. In England golf becomes a popular spectator sport. England agrees to send modern weapons and armour to Desmond.
    • Ormond: Military is expanded.
    • Westmeath: Military and industry are expanded.
    • Wales (non-rebel): Henry, The Prince of Wales, continues with his troops to fight Glyndwr, though his hold in northern Wales remains firm, but is showing signs of weakness after his loss at Abrystrwyth. The military is expanded as well as industry to help fight the rebels and restore English rule. English Wales holds a funeral in rememberance of Henry Monmouth, the English King in personal attendence. Glyndwr and his forces face defeat after defeat with just a few strongholds left to his dying rebelion. English military leaders estimate it won't be long before he crumbles under the force of England's motivated troops.
  • Wallachia: The planned roadwork is halted after the completion of “The Black Sea Road”, which runs from the Moldavian border south along the coast for which it is named (sorry for not posting last turn, I had a problem and know how to fix it in the future, 1403 consisted of road work like I said in 1402). Unfortunately, trade with Poland-Lithuania has been interrupted by the wars being waged in that region. However, trade flourishes with Moldavia, increasing the revenue of the government substantially, and the sway of Wallachia in Moldavian merchants. Mircea I sees Poland’s defeat as a sign, and sends envoys to Hungary to ask for trade deals and possible other treaties in the future. The devoid worries, that the Ukrainian revolts could turn into outright war, and calls his Boyars together. He orders them to gather, and train, their soldiers, and come the next year be prepared to wage war, though which side Wallachia will fight for still remains to be seen.
    • King Sigismund of Hungary responds, stating they are open to the idea of trading between them and Wallachia. Deals between the two nations are promptly signed and it is hoped a stronger trading zone ca be established in the south, to strengthen economies against the Ottomans.
  • France: The military and navy are built up, the vassalage of Orleans, and Burgundy continues. While this, the colony on Lanzarote continues thriving as traders from France go to the region in order to trade and bring African gold to the region of France. While this, plans to invade Guyana are drawn up, but the king continues seeking for a peaceful solution to the wars. The French navy continues fighting remaining English pirates, and the army continues growing.
    • I hope you meant Guyenne, as in, the French region.
    • I had written Guyene and probably Eo misunderstood and wrote guyana. I missed an n. Also someone erased my post as Vassal Saluzzo. Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk)
    • Angouleme: Military and economy are built up.
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up.
  • Oyo Empire: Upon their return trip home, the Oyo traders bring with them many weapons, arms, books, maps, holy texts, and missionaries, sent by the Castilians as requested by the Alaafin. The Oyo priests and nobles are instructed to attend the audience of the Alaafin as the missionaries begin to teach the Oyo of their beliefs. Many are awed by the beliefs of the European people, though dismayed by the fact that there exist many variations of the same faith. However, upon hearing that Catholicism was the first of the Christian beliefs, Oranyan is pleased with the information, and he and all his court convert to Roman Catholicism, professing their belief that the religion is the One True Faith outside of which there is no salvation. Elsewhere, the rest of the Oyo slowly begins to adopt the religion as their own upon hearing of their leaders converting to Christianity. The Oyo continue to expand their lands 10,000 km to the northwest, integrating fellow Yoruba into the nation. The education of the Oyo people begins to quicken as the missionaries, at the request of Oranyan, teach the people how to read and write, and aid them in learning Latin so as to learn the holy scriptures themselves. Though they are opposed to the idea of teaching commoners, the missionaries are bound to support the Alaafin in light of their trade pact with Castile. The war canoes sent off by the Alaafin to map the southern regions of Africa return to the tribes they discovered during their first trip, this time documenting and mapping out the lands of which they visited. Back in the capital, the merchants begin their private report to the Alaafin of their trip to Iberia, telling him of the many wondrous things they saw, chief amongst them being the great vessels that moved on the water. One of the merchants shows Oranyan the model ship he was given by the King of Castile as a gift. The ship takes Oranyan by storm, leading him to declare that he wishes to have one of his own. He tells his court that he shall be heading to Castile to acquire navigators and sailors, as well as those who will help him in building the great wooden canoes that carry all sorts of goods over the great seas. He declares that Oyo shall from this day forward be people of the ocean, with many great wooden canoes of their own.
  • Portugal continues a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, João I continues giving grants of land to some nobles to secure their loyalty. Meanwhile, Portugal begins to develop its navy.
    • Navarrese diplomacy: Navarra accepts the Portuguese offer of royal marriage.
    • Let it be known that I am adding this response myself because I asked the other mods whether it was plausible or not, they said it was, but nobody is even bothering to make this answer clear.--Collie Kaltenbrunner (talk) 21:49, February 5, 2014 (UTC)
  • Papal States: Pope Innocence orders the 15,000 troops sent to aid the Byzantium Empire are recalled back to the States. Pope Innocent VII begins requesting an alliance with Desmond, and supports Genoa. However, with Cyprus not allowing Papacy traders into its borders, Benito Francis, duke of Montefeltro, begins preparing for war. However, Pope Innocence does not give him permission to invade unless Cyprus makes an act of war. The Pope sends letters to most of Europe, expressing his desire to ensure peace in Europe. Economic expansion begins. Montefeltro begins to be more influenced by the Papacy, which may result in their annexation. An expedition is under taken to explore North Africa, mainly the coast. The objective is to see if it will be possible to colonizes it in the future. It returns, reporting Africa to be a hot, humid and unsettling area, unfit for man.
    • This kind of reform is not possible in this era.
    • For real? I mean, why?
    • The Pope, the leader of all the Catholics in the world is not going to let someone else govern the Papal States and call it a republic. Heck, the Pope still rules the Papal States today!
    • Innocent XVIII? Come on, you can't have eleven Popes taking the same name and dying all within one year.
    • My bad. Which Innocent is this?
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Doge asks why the Papal States have lifted their pressure on Genoa and suspects that forces to the north are the result of this change, Venice continues to ensure Genoan trade is hampered. Further noticing that one of their trade allies, Cyprus, is threatened by the Papal States with invasion and suspicious of their change in policy warns the Papal State not to invade. The Doge asks for a meeting with a delegate from the States.
    • Papal States Dip: We respond to Venice by reporting that the continued assaination attempts on the Anti-Pope are one of the prime reasons. The motive for Benito's Invasion is his desire to ensure support for the Papal States, and to make sure trade is secured with Cyprus. Would the Doge mind telling Cyprus that they must ensure that Papal trade is allowed?
    • Desmond Diplomacy: We are pleasantly surprised by the Papal States themselves sending an Irish earldom an alliance offer. We gladly accept. Just so you know, you offering your alliance to me might be considered borderline ASB.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice points out that the Anti-pope is still there, and questions whether the Pope has lost his zeal, until the Anti-pope is dead there will be no rest in hampering Genoan trade. The Doge also sends a formal request to Cyprus to open up their trade to the Papal State in at least a limited matter but also states they will act to protect Cyprus as a trade ally. (MOD RESPONSE)
    • Castilian Dip: Castile requests that the Papal State refrain from any and all settlement of North Africa. It's currently under Castile's sphere of influence and settlement. This is to prevent a conflict of interests for multiple countries who are currently possibly about to be in conflict. Any further attempts at settlement by the Papal State will be blocked. We wish no harm against the Pope but the Papal State has greater issues to worry about than North Africa.
    • Genoan D: We ask that the Pope put the Papal money in Genoan banks and that Genoa is named to commercial head.
  • ​County of Oldenburg: Quite a lot of Frisia is now pacified, and the Count travels around the pacified areas, thanking the Oldenburger, Hamburger and Hainaut-Hollander troops for their excellent work. Back at home, plans are laid for the expansion of Oldenburg's harbour facilities. The Count and his Council hope that with a better harbor, Oldenburg can take advantage of the North Sea trade, especially with growing markets in England and the North. Aid, in the form of money and some laboring serfs is sent to Hainaut-Holland to help out our new allies. In other news, Count Christian V encourages all his family members to learn the art of reading and writing.
  • The Alliance of Four Oirats: Oskemen is half finished and cement begins to be produced in the capital. The first batch of cement is made, which is first used to construct a cement road from Oskemen to OTL Zyryanovsk, now named Uhuji and recently became a settlement due to an abundance of iron. More wheat is harvested and the first beer is fermented. More nomads became farmers and the rest start to make sheep and beef. We stand down at Qara Del but we start small raids toward the Mongol Khanate for a larger population base by robbing other nation's people.
    • Four Oirats D to Chagatai Khanate: Orug Khan asks to marry the princess of Chagatai Khanate and to improve relations and move toward consolidation. Mod, please reply.
    • Four Oirats D to Timurid Empire: We would like to extend a hand of friendship to the Timurs.
    • Timurid Diplomacy: We welcome friendship with the Oriats.
  • The Ming Empire thanks the Four Oirats for standing down and supplies them for their raids against the Mongols. Administrators in Liaodong continue preparations to annex the southern portion of the Jurchens. Relations with Dai Viet, Qara Del and Korea are improved with the Ming Empire assisting them in maintaining and improving stability and their economies. The vast shipyards of the Chang Jiang (Yangtze) Delta produce huge ships, These continue to defend Korea, China and Ryukyu from pirate attack. The Ming Dynasty establishes a colony in Taiwan, which it hopes will emcompass the entire island eventually.
  • Grand Empire of the Timurid Dynasty: The Empire continues to build domestic projects and roads while the Emperor, ordes the begining of influence of Erzincan and the White Sheep Turkmen. Expansion continues into the unclaimed Caucasian region on our northern border by 5000 sq km. The military is built up and more cannons are built. The population continues to boom, and Amjad continues to plan for his reign. Georgia is turned into a vassal state, while Delhi, now having been influenced for five years, becomes a vassal of the Timurids. The Damascus Fleet continues being built up, but as of now it is quite large, featuring over five dozen warships and several transports. Stocking up of food continues while the population continues to boom. Draka turns three years old. We begin to influence Multan, Sind, and Ladakh, (Year One). Construction of the Black Sea fleet begins. More may be added later.
    • Don't want to make a problem where there isn't one, but I put up a complaint and it's not been answered; I've seen a lot of maps of the Golden Horde, and if they agree on anything is that that Caucasian territory does not exist; it's part of the Golden Horde.
    • Alrighty. Since the region's not that big, and differing maps are confusing as hell, this probably is correct. I don't mind giving up the expansion so long as it gets removed from future algos as well.
    • ​Sultanate of Delhi: Building of public works begins, while the military is built up and the economy is worked on. Investments from the Timurids are helping nicely as well, helping to rebuild roads and connections within the country. Stocking up of food begins, and plans to eventually unite India are begun.
    • Emirate of Georgia: Building of public works begins, while the military is built up and the economy is worked on. Investments from the Timurids are helping nicely as well, helping to rebuild roads and connections within the country. Stocking up of food begins. The new governmnent takes seat in the capitol, and we grant the Timurids permission to dock their Black Sea fleet there. Some land is sold, giving the Timurids a coast on the Black Sea.
    • Federation of the White Sheep Turkomen: The Federation officially recognizes the Timurid son of Amjad as theit sovereign, and he takes the throne, marrying a local noble in order to connect his rule with the people. Amjad is crowned Sultan of the White Sheep Turkomen, which he then proceeds to rename the Sultanate of the Eastern Turks. The military is built up, while public works begin throughout the country.
    • Sultanate of Erzincan: The Sultanate begins to trade heavily with the Eastern Turks/White Sheep Turkomen, and construction of roads to connect them begins while the Sultan travels to see the Timur, where he is greeted warmly and given a feast. Upon his leaving, the Sultan is given new weapon technology, while the secret Treaty of Tehran allows for a new road to be built connecting the Timurids with the East Turks and the Erzincans.
  • Japan: The Ashikaga Shogunate gets 2.8% of the territory of the Shiba daimyo. Finally the Shogun gets a port city. With a port city now in the empire, trade has increased. The economy as also increased due to trade. The navy is being built up. The military is increasing its troops. Farming has increased due to the amount of rain we are getting. Our population starts to boom, since more food is being made. Better roads are being made to connect our cities. About six ships sail off to Taiwan to trade and take some territory.
  • Majapahit: A new caste is slowly being created: the merchant caste. Most trade is still regulated by a royal trade company, but slowly more and more merchants begin to build their own ships and trade makes some very wealthy. The royal trade company is granted the rights to build trade posts in the name of the emperor. With the increasing wealthiness culture and science flourish. The emperor orders to focus on new ships and better weapons. An agricultural revolution in all lands in Indonesia through the increasing interaction from different cultures. A baby boom is expected.
  • Desmond: Construction on Tomasdun Castle continues. More trading vessels leave Cork, and we begin to attract foreign traders to Cork with lower prices in the city for foods to fuel their voyages. We plan to make Cork a stop on long voyages to northern realms such as Scotland and the Kalmar kingdoms. Crossbows are tested out, and they are a valuable asset to our armed forces. We train our levies in their use, and begin to create more. Other modern military devices such as longswords and chainmail also find their way into our ranks, thanks to England. We are pleasantly surprised by the Papal States wanting to ally with us, and we take it that the Pope is on our side in our quest to reunify Munster, and eventually Ireland. We announce plans to create a navy, and our first ship, a trade-cog outfitted for war is created. Our trading ships return from their long voyages, telling tales of places such as war-torn Muscovy, the Ottoman Empire, and even a far off land filled with lions and deserts known as Africa. These stories prompt a spirit of exploration within the nation, with some selling all that they own to buy a cog and take up the life of a trader. We again send a request to the MacCarthy clan to the south of us to open negotiations on reunification of the Kingdom of Desmond. We draft an offer which follows:
    1. ​That the Kingdom of Desmond and the remnants of the Kingdom of Desmond controlled by the MacCarthies will reunify as one.
    2. That the Earl of Desmond shall marry into the MacCarthy line, and his successors will inherit the Crown of Desmond.
    3. That the capital of the nation shall be at Tomasdun Castle when it is completed. In return, the other clans in the MacCarthy controlled region will become vassals under the King of Desmond, holding their own manors.
    4. That the independent realm controlled by the O'Sullivan clan to the south of the MacCarthies shall be allowed to hold their land, and will become nobles within the new nation if they pledge allegance to the new King.
    5. That both Celt and Englishman are equal, and no group shall be excluded from becoming a noble and holding land.
    • Earldom of Desmond - SIGNED
    • MacCarthy Mor Clan - SIGNED
    • O'Sullivan Clan - SIGNED
  • Florence: Following the overthrowing of Visconti rule in Siena, Florence vows to protect the nation of Siena. Deals with the nation are signed that will ultimately lead to vassalization. The vassalization of the House of Este continues as well. The military and economy of Florence is increased as the infrastructure is built up during the renovations to the city.
  • Kingdom of Cuzco: Work on roads continue. MIlitary training and cumplusory military service continue as well. (I may not be able to post daily for a little while).
  • Ragusa: The Republic attempts to create a free trade agreement with Bosnia, while paying its tribute to the Hungarian-Croatian kingdom.
  • Ulster: The foundations of the castle are complete. The city continues being built around the castle construction site. We request more modern weapons from England, as Desmond has. Longbows continue to rise in popularity, although as the longbowmen must begin training at the age of seven but none is at the age from which we can use them in battle. The army, if all the levies are called up, is around 15,000. We begin to influence the MacDonnells.
  • Saxon Federation: We put on a parade in Meissen showing the jight of the new fed. Propaganda is spread in Thuringia, and the loudest and most violent anti-feds are arrested. We continue building the military and economy.
  • ​Chiribaya: We continue to build our small fortifications and begin to train soldiers.
  • The Mamluk Sultanate begins to focus on expansion, after many years of internal focus. Nasir-ad-Din Faraj, the Sultan of Egypt, looks first to the east, where Medina is floundering. The fragmented government, led by small warlords, begins to be stabilized by the Emir of the Negev, who personally launches campaigns into the fragmented state. Vassalization begins. By the end of the year, the majority of the state is a Mamlukean vassal. Massive projects to limit the power of the warlords begin, mostly aiming to put the main warlord, who is currently in charge of the city of Medina, in charge of the whole Emirate. The Sultan himself is more interested in the Nubian states of Makuria and Alodia. Makuria, with a fragmented government, begins to undergo intense consolidation with the Mamluks, which in turn results in the establishment of two rival Emirates, both of which swear allegiance to the powerful Mamlukean Sultan, Nasir-ad-Din Faraj. Alodia is influenced more slowly, with emphasis being placed on economic devlopment. At a similar time, the Emir of Barka works to organize the nomadic and warlike Banu Sulaym. This effort seems to take more time, but some progress is made. The Sultanate expands 10,000 sq km, toward the Ethiopian state, entirely along the coast. Meanwhile, the economy is grown, with cities like Cairo and Alexandria becoming regional powers in trade. We prepare the military, mostly the navy of the Mediterranean, for any upcoming conflicts, as appear to be near in the Byzantine and Ottoman and Timurid camps. Ramazan, the Mamluk vassal, grows its own economy, as Adana is improved into a commercial center.
    • Mamlukean Trade: We offer the cities of Alexandria and Tyre/Acre to be Venetian trading ports, and the cities of Damietta and Tripoli to be Genoan trade ports, so long as both nations accept one-way alliances with the Sultanate.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice accepts the offer and begins working out the logistics of managing the two cities.
    • The Mamluks ask for a treaty to form the United Islamic States of Northern Africa, which would form a defensive pact between Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, the Zab and Gafsan tribes, Egypt, and Makuria, with potentials to add Banu Sulaym and Alodia as they become stabilized under approved governments. (MODS!)
    • Ottoman Dip: The Ottomans reinstate their offer for alliance that is basically focused against the Timurids. The (new) Sultan reminds the Mamluks that Timur already had captured Mamluk lands and is not afraid to do so again.
  • Venetian Republic:
    Athens Division PM3 1404

    The division of Athens in final

    The year starts with the talks about how to deal with the Duchy of Athens ending. After a suggestion from the Romans, it is decided that all lands west of Attica, including Attica but excluding the city of Athens will be given to the Roman Empire, in the hopes that the cost of dealing with the possible rebellions will be minimised. Athens is further colonised by Venetians and a new system of governance is devised, the city will be jointly ruled by the Venetians and Romans with each empire appointing a Poténsa who will have the same powers including the power to do diplomacy, declare war and veto the orders of the other. The city is still a Venetian vassal but it is hoped that co-operation in the city will help co-operation elsewhere.
    In Venice the Dutch businessmen and Venetian Masters work at how to create an improved legal framework for the banking system, studying top secret data from the Roscol Bank. Many ideas are put forward, however, progress seems to be starting slow even if it is picking up. Meanwhile, it is also suggested that they make reforms to the legal structure of other businesses as well, although nobles who hear of this are disgruntled and annoyed at the costs of change, calling the researchers "out of touch intellectuals".
    The Doge, quietly arranges for the arrest of a rival, who is accused of meeting with Genoan looking individuals. When the arrest happens, the Noble is wounded and many of his retinue are killed and his son is severely wounded. The situation seems to have got out of hand, nobles in the government pick up their opposition again, accusing the Doge of plotting against his fellow Venetians. The noble is Giovanni Pieromo, a powerful noble who is a hardcore member of the aristocrat faction. Later in the year his son dies of his wounds, just days before the trial begins. Placing the word of Giovanni against that of his arrestors concerning whether they acted lawfully. And of course, a relative of the Doge is the judge. Eco-turn
    • Aegina: The island's Rettore get into a dispute over which one is fairer and more just. This squabbling distracts them from properly enforcing law long enough for the towns folk to siphon off profits from the grain trade. Eco-turn
    • Athens: After the division and new influx of Venetians the city is almost back to normal operations. Trade flow through the city has increased closer to previous levels. The Venetian Poténsa declares that Athens is a Free Port for trade, hoping to bring in more wealth. Eco-turn
    • Corfu: Two forts begin construction on the island, specifically to protect the sea between the mainland and Corfu to allow a safe area for trade ships. They are designed to take on naval vessels and are equipped with fast firing drawn weapons as well as newly forged cannons, although it is doubted that these will be used against the common galleys of the Mediterranean. Mil-turn
    • Epirus: After investigating the cause of a slowing of resources from the fields and mines to the ports and subsequently discovering a corrupt official who has a taste for expensive whores, the Governor General has him brutally and slowly publicly murdered, ending the supply drain. Eco-turn
    • Naxos: More patrols around the Greek islands and mainland end with the destruction of various pirate vessels. The sailors gain valuable experience from dealing with the agile but deadly corsairs of the Aegean. Mil-turn
    • Negroponte: Deciding to try to grow the wealth of the vassal, Venice invests in the possibility of establishing a port on the island. For now, however, they focus on extracting vital resources. Eco-turn
  • Mangut Nivkhgu: The early days of Mang Hangut's reign from Ñeƞdaqo must have been heady days for the early Nivkhs. Of course, the town would bear no resemblance to to the booming metropolis of today, with its exquisite pastry shops and world renowned theaters, but it was becoming far more than a viliage. The great earthworks which today make up "Mound Park" were build to defend the city, along with great log walls around the village-monastery complex - some of these even exist today as they became integrated into the monastery as it grew. Master Xin enjoyed great success and was widely regarded as the chief power behind the throne. The chiefdom expanded yet another 1000 sq km down the Sakhalin coast as Ñeƞdaqo became an increasingly important trading center to which local chiefs pledged allegiance in exchange for trade access. As Ñeƞdaqo's influence grew, Master Xin became concerned that Mang Hangut's tiny band of warriors could not control the area by the sheer good will of the people. Hence, one of Xin's most trusted Chinese monks, Wu Fang Xian, was dispatched to Beijng along with an ethnic Nivkh monk named Ifalsp'eḑ - who, it was hoped, would provide evidence of the Nivkhs civilization and Buddhist leanings. Master Wu and and Master Ifalsp'eḑ, as both of them would come to be known, petitioned the Chinese court to provide the Nivkhs with the instruments of statehood, that they might bring unity to the frozen taiga - they boldly requested not only military advisers, but also training in the arts of metallurgy, mining, and bureaucracy. It was to be one of the greatest gambles in Nivkh history, asking a foreign king to provide the tools of statecraft to an alien society. (CHINESE RESPONSE)
  • Andorra: The letter and the emissary finally reached Zaragoza in Aragon. The emissary petitioned to see the King. Someone within the court took the letter and gave it to the king telling the emissary to wait. The letter contained a treaty to provide military protection to Andorra if they get attacked and in return Andorrans will have to serve in the military for at least two years once turning 18. (Awaiting Aragon and Navarre response)
  • Zapotec: Emperor Taco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan expands into the surrounding city-states.
  • Yeah, just so y'll should know, Tamarlane should be dead now. He died in 1404.
  • Austria: The war continues in Poland, with our forces contributing to a large army breaking through the Polish border near Krakow. Military and economic buildup continue as a consequence of fueling the war effort. We agree to the offer proposed by the Counties of Holland and Hainaut for them to handle our finances, and we begin transferring a portion of treasury in increments to Holland banks. The Archduke of Austria, Albert IV dies at Klosterneuburg, Lower Austria. He is buried in the Ducal Crypt in the Stephansdom in Vienna. Albert IV is to be succeeded by his son Albert V, although only seven currently, leaving his uncle Duke William of Inner Austria, then head of the rivaling Leopoldinian line, as serving regent. We sign the Treaty of Heilsberg, and encourage other belligerents of the Muscovite Crusade to do so as well.
  • The UNC continues development of the navy and military, with several new ships coming out. A new type of ship is also invented. Known as the Korekor, for the noise it makes as it moves, it acts like a Galley, except that its triangular sail produces significantly more push from the wind than ordinary ships, making it one of the faster and larger warships on the sea. We expand farther into the territories of the Saami. The Grand Council, meeting in its first session in March, announces the formation of a new trading guild, the Crown's merchants, who will be allowed to ship through the

Øresund

at significantly lesser price, though they must also pay small dues to the guild. The result is significant loss of trade for the Hanseatic League who now must give up large portions of their profits to ship through the Baltic. In addition, with the UNC control of Hamburg as a Free City, trade from there is now cut off to the Hansa. Since the Crown's merchants allow traders of all nationalities, though they must swear some fealty (though this doesn't absolve them of their fealty to their own rulers) to the Crown. The result is that huge numbers of Hansa traders are forced to leave the League for the Crown's merchants. Emboldened by this, the Crown demands in December, backed by the Grand Council, that the ports of Lubeck and Danzig declare themselves Free Ports for Crown's merchants (Mod Response please, and do note that it's not like they have much choice ...). Meanwhile, several further arguments inflame the Grand Council over the gigantic Papal Schism. The UNC remains neutral, and some feel that the Crown might even leave the church if the Schism is not soon resolved. This remains heresy, however, and is mainly kept quiet.
  • Hesse: Seeking to defend from the seemingly hostile Saxon Federation, Hermann II orders a reorganization of the Hessian army, along with two forts being built on the Thuringian-Hessian border. The reorganization will divide the Armee von Hessen into three separate regiments, the First, Second, and Third regiments. Each regiment shall have 1000 men each. Each regiment shall be broken into three battalions of 333 men. The last man not in any battalion is the regiment commander. The commanders shall be chosen at a later date after the reorganization is complete. Each army will be made out of men from parts of Hesse. The first regiment will be from Kassel, the second will be from Nassau, the third will be from Marsburg. Recruitment shall be carried out in the regiments' each respectful region. Each regiment is expected to contain up to 2000 men after recruitment. Due to the forts being constructed, some parts of the forests on the Thuringian-Hessian border are cut down, leaving more space for farmland, but less wood. Some wood cutters begin to change jobs from their traditional wood cutter role to farmers.
  • Cahokian civilisation: The Cahokian civilisation continues to stabilise, with its borders now being accepted by neighboring civilisations, and incursions no longer taking place. Political power within the Cahokian civilisation centralises further to Cahokia. With the elite of the civilisation residing there growing in size. These elite are mainly made up of the high priests of the Southern Cult, leaders of smaller surrounding settlements and traders. Calls for some kind of central authority over the civilisation begin to emanate from certain quarters, in particular the trader elite, who wish to do trade with the Moundville civilisation to the south at state level. The flow of refugees from the south is now down to a trickle, and is expected to cease by the end of next year. This is mainly due to the past four years of rapid refugee movement north, and the lack of refugees remaining in the south as a result. That and how many of the remaining refugees are choosing to go to the closer Moundville civilisation rather than the farther away Cahokian civilisation. Trade between the Cahokian civilisation and Moundville civilisation increases once again, with Moundville’s reliance on the Cahokian civilisation for certain resources not available in the south increasing once more. This reliance on the north becomes more noticeable in Moundville markets, as seasonal dips of resources in the north are now resulting in severe drops in trade within Moundville. The settlements on and near the coast of the Great Lakes in the far north of the Cahokian civilisation continue to produce bountiful harvests, bolstered with fish and crustaceans caught from the Great Lakes. These settlements continue to grow in size. More refugees end up in Cahokia, albeit at the slower rate being experienced by the rest of the Cahokian civilisation, and its population continues to go through its revival. This places the population at around 38,000 Cahokians. Like last year, these refugees effectively nullify their negative impact by increasing the workforce available to cultivate new food stocks and gather resources. The new crops planted last year in the area surrounding Cahokia are successful, and as a result Cahokia’s food stocks increase again, leading to an even larger surplus than last year. New crops are replanted in these areas. The continuous changing up and improving of irrigation techniques has now made it so that the crops being produced are of the highest quality produced by any Mississippians. This leads to the surplus being in high demand by the Moundvillians to the south, making them further reliant on the Cahokians. The well-established trade network within the Cahokian civilization allows valuable food stocks to continue to be transported down from the Great Lake settlements to the rest of the Cahokian lands. The monthly waste removal ritual continues within Cahokia and all the settlements within the Cahokian civilisation. The prevalence of disease, and death rate, both within Cahokia itself and the rest of the Cahokian lands, continue to decline as a result. The Cahokian civilisation is now seeing larger net growth, as birth rates further outweigh death rates annually. More of the high priests of the Southern Cult move to the Cahokian civilisation from the Moundville civilisation. Those remaining are in high political positions within the Moundville elite. Many Moundvillians make pilgrimages to see the religious sites within the Cahokian lands. Expansion continues along the eastern coast of OTL Lake Michigan. Scouts are sent out toward the east and north, looking for further sites with plentiful resources to expand into.
  • Mecklenburg: Increases military power with a lot of citizens enlisting in the army. Asks Novgorod to share plans for crossbows and koch boats.
    • Novgorod Diplomacy: We accept to share plans with you.
  • Ottoman Empire: Unfortunately, the Sultan dies this year from illness. His successor is Süleyman, a son of the late Beyazid I himself. The new Sultan, having himself co-ruled Rumelia for some time, wishes to focus his attention to the west. He is pleased to hear of an alliance by the Papal States for help against a possible attack by the Timurids. He considers creating trading agreements with the Genoans, who have ships stationed in the Aegean Sea, but are informed of the recent tensions between them and the Catholics. Ships are created in the sea to ensure security in the (unlikely) event of retaliation. He also focuses on gaining more control in Serbia and Arta as to expand westward as well as to fortify borders, as with the Hungarians. The Sultan eyes the states to the west of Rumelia as important and valuable states that the Empire may try to vassalize under his leadership. Meanwhile, the Anatolians grow their concern with the Timurids. With the recent fall of the Georgian Kingdom (now Emirate), the Empire could see a domino effect shortly. The Sultan sends a letter to the Roman king that Empire of Trebizond, an Orthodox Christian and former-Byzantine kingdom, is at risk of falling to the hands of the Timurids, and that if they attack, that Rome may want to reconsider neutrality. The Sultan, along with his finest generals, prepares battle plans and fortifies the borders. The Sultan wishes to reinstate the previous alliance agreements in the Middle East to ensure a swift and just victory in the event of attack.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund orders reports on the conditions of the fleet and the information they have been able to acquire. He gets a fair image of the conditions within the Mediterranean and finds out that there are states in Africa which could be forcefully or skillfully brought under the thumb of the Hungarian crown. This is mainly the Banu Sulym and so preparations are made for a small expeditionary army to land on the nation and seize the capital as well as other small towns and bring it under the control of the Hungarian crown. This is set to take place next year. Sigismund allows much of the mobilised troops to return home and help farm the land as the need for the troops is less and he does not want to be wasting money on troops being mobilised unecessarily. He instead uses the money to invest in a larger fleet of ships, and it seems like his development of naval technology is priority. This will help Hungary to set up its own trade routes and help to bring it onto the stage for competing against other powers in the region. Sigismund stil has troops on guard in case Ladislaus I comes a-knocking on the coast, but these troops are soon given new orders - head south to meet with the generals of the army. Sigismund now has under his control some 150 military vessels and around the same numbers of merchant ships - bringing the grand number to 300. For a nation with an unspeakable fleet no less than five years ago, Hungary has done relatively well. Observers in the Royal Court observe the relation of Sigismund and Sophia and they note that they are very close to each other. It is no surprise then when the announcement arrives in February that Sophia is pregnant. The King is overjoyed but he hopes that this time he can finally get the heir he desires. Sigismund looks to re-affirm his alliance with Byzantine, yet it seems as though the nation is ignoring his diplomatic calls. He also looks to Iberia to see if he can make allies there. The construction of the castles in the north continue, while the army continue to train. However, with the falling of Poland - Sigismund begins to grow worried of the condition the north will now be in. However, he continues the construction of the castles at the same pace as he is directing his efforts somewhere else. A large number of peasants, some 5000, have now been trained to serve better in wars and battles and so these will form the new ranks of troops - ones not as good as knights but not as bad as regular peasants. This idea is completely new to the region and is managed to be kept a secret. Diplomats return from the south, telling him that it is all under chaos and he will need to establish order in the region himself. As a result, nobles are once again asked to send troops to aid their leader - in the promise of new lands coming under their control, and Sigismund will personally lead many of them. Fortifications on the Ottoman border continue and Slavs die in the thousands. However, conditions are still strictly harsh and so they have to work at a fast pace or they will be beaten up. Croatia sees a large economic boom beginning as trading helps increase the amount of money brought in. Sigismund, through intermediaries, orders the upgrading of many port facilities and he orders the nobles to make sure their ships do not harass the Venetians in any way and any reports from Venice that something like this is happening will lead to the curtailing of the noble in question's powers. The work on the ports soon begins with many unemployed peasants now finding work and flocking in large numbers to build the upgrades.
  • Köln: We continue upgrading our military capabilities to serve the Holy Roman Empire and the German people, and to defend Catholic peoples of Europe from outside invasion. We continue influencing Heinsburg to bring our nations closer together.
  • In Garay, the King arrives personally. The first of the new castles finish construction and these are soon put into use housing the troops of the King as well as the King himself. The King sends out orders to the nobles to send troops and once he has them, he reveals his intentions are to interven southward and help expand the areas he has under his own control. The nobles on the land continue their efforts to increase productivity as well as increase the amount of trade between lands so that they can profit and help fill imperial coffers. The nobles are all willing to support their leader in the matter and so he has large amounts of funds coming in. He also orders his generals in Split to ready themselves and on his order, the expansion into uncivilised lands begins. Initially, progress is swift but the troops have to move slowly as the chaos in the region comes to be known. Many small battles take place but Sigismund exploits weakness within the nobles of the lands in disarray exellently and by the end of the year advances by 10,000 km. It is here that he gets the news in December his wife has given birth to a healthy baby boy. His wife is also doing well. Sigismund is overjoyed and orders a few days of rest for his soldiers as a result.
  • In Split, the nobles begin to work on creating standing armies to manage and control their lands. Castles continue being built in the vassal while many old ones are completely torn apart and their land allocated for peasants. When the generals arrive with troops, Splitean nobles send a handful to assist as they still need soldiers to help keep order in their recently organised lands.
  • Bengali Sultanate: The rule of consolidation continues, with a few breaches in its concept as the current Sultan continues to expand into the disorganized Jaunpur Sultanate by 250 sq km, seeking to have a more powerful role as a Muslim state in Northern India without warfare. As more people from the Jaunpur Sultanate come under the rule of the Bengali Sultanate, they are immediately given the status of citizens and not foreigners, owing to the similarities from the peoples in Jaunpur and Bengal due to their former status as parts of the Delhi Sultanate. Attempting to increase relations with his people to create some sort of everlasting support, the current Sultan allows Hindu and Buddhist peoples to become part of the merchant class, angering his son who has become more of an Islamic nationalist instead of developing a sense of tolerance. Trade influence continues to be exerted on Orissa and Arakan, leading to Bengal controling a considerable amount of their foreign trade. The translation of the Indian epic Ramayana to Bengali is completed. Copies of the Bengali translated Ramanya begin to be produced. Trade money begins to be pushed toward arming the Sultan's soldiers and offering to arm vassal soldiers at a reduced cost.
  • In Savoy the economy continue growing, and the kingdom prospers. The army hire more mercenaries. The process of converting Piombino in our vassal is complete.
  • Roman Empire: I apologize that this turn is late, but my neighborhood was struck by an ice storm and the internet was out all day. I hope no one will mind. Roman troops move into Attica and Boetia, bringing two new despotates into the empire. The Latin nobles that still reside there are folded into the existing Roman nobility and are given equivalent titles by the Roman government. In order to reduce the probability of rebellion in these new lands, an empire-wide tax decrease is enacted. This tax decrease is expected to be offset by increased trade and a larger tax base. Despite this, the total income of the empire breaks even this year, as remaining funds and loot from the conquest of Athens are used to increase the military for the occupation. The government begins to make plans to renovate the walls and defenses of Constantinople and Nicomedia upon learning of the Ottoman vizier's death.

1405

PMIII 1405
In England, Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmorland, meets Archbishop Richard le Scrope of York and Earl of Norfolk Thomas Mowbray in Shipton Moor, tricks them to send their rebellious army home and then imprisons them. Archbishop Richard le Scrope of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, are executed in York on Henry IV's orders.

Poet Christine de Pizan writes a letter to Queen Isabeau urging her to intervene in the political struggle between the dukes of Burgundy and Orleans.

Explorer and religious scholar Sayyid Abu Bakr Abirin settles in Banua Buansa Ummah, in the island of Sulu. After marrying a local dayang-dayang, Paramisuli, Abu Bakr founds the Sultanate of Sulu and declares himself “Paduka Mahasari Maulana al Sultan Sharif ul-Hāshim”.

First written record of whiskey being consumed recorded in Ireland, where it is distilled by Catholic monks.

The new Greco-Albanian Coalition begins to consolidate somewhat, with the death of the Count Palatine of Cephalonia, Carlo Tocco, resulting in his daughter, the only heir, who also is the wife of Maurice Shpata, the Despot of Arta, giving up her lands to her husband, with the two nations of Arta and Cephallenia becoming one under the Artan despot.

The curia in Russia elect a rabidly anti-Catholic priest as the new Metropolitan of Moscow. Due to the algid situation of the Muscovite area, the Metropolitan agrees to move to Yaroslavl while war continues. Seeing as the Metropolitan has no real control over Moscow, most of the Russian clergy agree that all the local decisions of Moscow and Novgorod’s religious matters shall be taken by the Metropolitan of Novgorod and Staraya Russa. This temporarily unifies all major eparchies in Rus’.

Metagaming much? Why Novgorod and not Pskov?
This moderator event was actually written by several moderators collaboratively, who chose to put Novgorod. It was one or the other, so we had to just make a choice.

Ustyug rebels against the Golden Horde, with Mongol troops being forced to withdraw from the nation by April. However, Perm’s large militarization keeps it from rebelling.

Marinid Morocco and its allies begin to marshall their militaries (+5 military points 1450) with the alliance swiftly moving in to stabilize Morocco. They demand the return of Northern settlements from Castile and Granada. Meanwhile in Granada, merchants and nobles begin talks with the Saharan caravan routes with the overthrow of the Genoese gold monopoly.

Countess Margaret III of Flanders dies, and her eldest son, John, Duke of Burgundy, inherits the County of Flanders.

Enraged by the betrayal of Konrad I, the paganized Samogitia region rebels against Prussian rule. Pagan refugees flood into Lithuania.

German and Russian forces decisively defeat the nations of Poland and Lithuania, scoring major victories at Krakow, Płock, and Orsha. Following the total defeat of Poland, delegates of both sides of the war meet in Heilsberg to begin drafting a treaty.

The Treaty of Heilsberg is signed officially ending the Muscovite Crusade. (Belligerents of the war who have not yet signed are urged to do so.) The treaty officially recognizes the independence of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, changes possession of several territories in the Baltic region and Lithuania, and releases the nation of Lithuania from Władysław II Jagiełło’s control, among other things.

The Changtai Khanate accepts the Four Oirats royal marriage proposal.

Timur the Lame (Tamerlane) dies.

I object to this event on the grounds that the events leading up to it did not occur, notably Timur's preparations to invade China. As they did not occur, I find it unlikely that he would die as in OTL, at least for now. -MP

WTF, no we agreed he would die in 1411, with no invasion of China he has no reason to die. Yes he is old but he can make it to 1411 without his invasion of China. -Sims

  • Novgorod: We continue the production of advanced crossbows, swords and composite bows, along with the production of Koch boats. A group of fur traders and trappers establish a small wooden fort at the mouth of the Neva River, which steadily begins to grow as a northern outpost to the wilderness outside the main extent of Novgorod territory. We also increase our military. We start researching on making the crossbow easier to reload. Instead of using feet to reload the crossbows bolts. We are looking for a nations selling a copy of their plans for a cannon. We send explorers to search the undiscovered land up north. We ask for an alliance with the counties of Holland and Hainaut to strengthen Baltic Sea trade.
  • The Pskovian Forces, Disguised as a trade caravan, enter Kiev and sack the city, Liberating it for the people of Malorossie, and encamp the majority of their 5000 man force and have become the de facto police in the city. The Kievans promptly elect the Prince of Pskov, Afanasi, as Prince and Voevoda of Kiev (kind of like Prince-Generalissimo with rank-modern equivalence), So, the Kievan Prince-Elect and Voevoda, the Pskovian Prince Afanasi declares War for Malorossia (Ukraine)! The rebels, one by one, unified with their first foreign suppoirt, and by claiming Kiev (cultural capital) was gained the right to lead them. Kiev quickly became the center for Ukrainian resistance levies and peasant rebels. The Pskovians began to recruit dramatically as they besieged Lithuanian and Polish castles, with waves of volunteers wanting to fight armies under the ancestral banner of Independent Kiev (the old Russian war standard). Pskov makes quick progress throughout the lands and by the time the year was done, they had gained a ragtag army of about 70,000 volunteers (20,000 of them former Polish soldiers, and quickly make progress helping train the others). Prince Afanasi had made great progress with the help of the other coalition leaders, much of Ukraine is captured with all coalition members, and much of the rest of the country soon ... In any case, the domestic realm, largely left to the Pskovian Veche and the posadnik, who make much use of the trade agreement signed with Novgorod last year, making many many furs, and sold only to the very wealthy, with one made special for the Prince of Novgorod and his wife. (Sorry if a bit odd, will fix later ...)
  • This turn doesn't make much sense considering the war is already over and Poland/Lithuania doesn't own Kiev.
    • Uh ... the war ended. User:Edboy452 Flag of Romania Flag of German Reich (1935–1945) Flag of Israel Flag of the Soviet Union (talk) 01:07, February 6, 2014 (UTC)
    • I'm just describing how ended, and how a city was captured, and how it happened for the Pskovians last year ... weren't the mod events supposed to be a short summary of events this year? happening all throughout the year? The treaty begins being DRAFTED this turn, which means the war happens throughout the year, and I am describing the Pskovian story.
    • The first event says it is drafted, while the second turn says it is signed, officially ending the war. If you view the treaty page you will also see this to be true. Sorry for the confusion, but the war has already ended. You can raid Kiev and whatnot before that, but keep in mind the treaty has gone into effect after this point.
    • You should also sign the treaty, since you are now affiliated in the war. User:Edboy452 Flag of Romania Flag of German Reich (1935–1945) Flag of Israel Flag of the Soviet Union (talk) 01:20, February 6, 2014 (UTC)
    • Also, you should put your signature on your nation, in the list it currently says that there is no player for the nation of Pskov. User:Edboy452 Flag of Romania Flag of German Reich (1935–1945) Flag of Israel Flag of the Soviet Union (talk) 01:25, February 6, 2014 (UTC)
    • I kind of panicked when I saw treaty ... sorry about that. So this is just the Pskovian part in the war before signing the treaty, a bit out of it today ... I sacked Kiev and was "elected" Prince once my forces controlled the city. It is by that right that I start becoming Prince of Kiev (cultural capital of the area, explaining why I became center of rebels ...). Anyway, just corrected to take second part into account ...
  • Castile: Henry III in control of the control continues his previous policies of pacifying and restoring the power of King and with support of the aristocracy begins displacing influential but relatively bad people. Along with this, he begins major cleanup of the kingdom's economy setting up a plan that will put the kingdom's finances in order within one or two years, it is completed. The Kingdom itself begins a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Jews are tolerated more, and the heavy sales tax is removed allowing for a growing purchase from people. The Castilians settle the Canaries creating a few settlements and creating the Kingdom of the Canaries which recognizes the Castilian king as the actual suzerain king The main settlements are expanded as well with the main settlement of Santa Cruz being named the capital other settlements continue to spring up along the islands with the area becoming more and more visited by trade ships and the like. The Crown begins throwing influence into Genoa looking to debilitate them in any way possible. This is done in secret and is particularly successful with some influential Genoans looking to gain higher profit from Castile rather than Genoa. Castile seeing the need for a better influx of income and less rebellious Muslims and Jews establishes a tax that protects the religious rights of Muslims and Jews as long as they pay this tax. However, this does encourage some new converts who wish to have a few more coins in their pockets as a Christian rather than poorer. The country also begins a more major program of cultural integration creating a series of schools meant to help integrate and get Castilian language and cultural superiority (This is just being finished. Pretty much the entirety of Castile was Castilian culture at this point) Castile also invests heavily into the gold trade running through Granada and seizes this type of trade from Genoa who had previously been running it and per new local laws begins imprisoning Genoan merchants as they are breaking new local trade laws in Castile and Granada. The Infrastructure of the country is improved greatly with better roads being implemented. The Castilian navy also begins to show issues of running into Moroccan pirates and other ships near Gibraltar and begins sending reports to the nobility and the king asking for their possible intervention. Castile also begins to harass Moroccan trade by sinking a few ships. Castilian trade ships begin to travel in convoys with Granadan trade ships as well. The Castilian King implements a royal education system in order to allow for capable rulers and puts his son into the program in order to give him the education needed to rule the country effectively. Castilian settlers also continue expanding into the Straits of Gibraltar and other areas surrounding it as it is unorganized and seize it relatively easily with a moderate settlement springing up turning the area into a Castilian province soon Certain areas like Tangiers and Cueta are totally secured via Castilian fort/settlements. The settlements expand into the disorganized territory by 400 sq km. (Please let me know if this is off. I'm still figuring this whole thing out). Castile captures and evicts all Genoan traders for their interference and seizes all their goods for the State. The King now has another child now two years of age, a daughter named Maria of Castile. In response to the hostility in North Africa Castile calls on Naples and Venetia to help with the situation already knowing Venetia's answer. The Castilian troops begin deploying through the now secured Straits of Gibraltar and Attack the Moroccans before they are totally prepared. Castile calls for more of its allies to join the war against Morocco and break the power of the Muslims in North Africa.
    • Granada: As a tributary state (vassal) of Castile, Granada remains strangely alert attempting to maintain its independence. With large amounts of Muslims the people regardless of their vassalage to a Christian state seem relatively calm. Granada in attempt to remain on good terms with Castile begins secretly helping move the gold trade toward Castile and away from Genoa helping to wrestle it from Genoa quite easily. Some merchants, at this point still trying to maintain trade dominance, are executed under a new trade laws. The Granadian military remains relatively alert and begins drills. The infrastructure of Granada is improved as well. The Granadians see a next to no influx of Muslims over this period due to new laws enacted in Castile. The relatively low population of Christians in Granada begins to expand more with Christian immigrant from all over Iberia settling in certain areas The religious tax enacted keeps most anti-Christian groups in check and the rest see it better to leave and go to neighboring Muslim countries rather than a relatively passive Granada. The Granadan trade ships begin to travel with Castilian ones for better protection. Granada begins to show a superiority complex to other Muslim nations and begins showing hostility to Moroccans in general deeming them "lesser" to the Granadans. This has to do with the many secretly corrupt officials who have begun major galvanization of the populace against other Muslim states and enemies of Castile which are now being lumped as Granadan enemies as well. Granada expands with permission of Castile into the disorganized area west of the Strait of Gibraltar and seizes the areas by force declaring it to be rightfully Granadan and Castilian land. This expansion is about 300 sq km. Granadan soldiers begin to co-ordinate their efforts with Castilian troops with fortification and deploy their own troops to the area most notably deploying a new highly trained units. Granada imprisons the leader of Genoas local trade guild and burns all Genoan ships at port.
    • Swiss D: 1000 mercenaries are comin to your nation for the war in North Africa
    • Castilian Dip: Thank you for your support
    • Andorran D: sends 100 mercenaries to your nation for the conflict in Granada.
    • France D: We will send you supplies in North Africa and so will Angouleme.
    • Hainaut-Holland: we send military supplies and financial aid to the Castilian war effort.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Venetian fleet filled with mercenaries systematically work their way down the coastline of Morocco and its allies, capturing any town or city that looks important. This effectively helps to decimate any prior organisation done by their opponents, severing many important supply lines and causing many forces to turn back and besiege captured settlements. With the dominance at sea, the settlements stay well supplied and further mercenaries arrive later in the year and secure the most important locations.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: With territory containing our brethren liberated and part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, much of the royal family in the Rurik dynasty urge to unite with Novgorod peacefully to, unify and gather the peoples of the Rus’. Muscovy continues to grow economically as farmland expands, mines are excavated, and local industry is expanded. A national holiday has been established on the 1st of 1404, now known as the Den' Nezavisimosti (Russian translit for: Day of Independence/Independence Day), celebrating the independence from Poland-Lithuania and the ceasing of tribute to the Golden Horde. Russian Orthodox Churches are built into newly acquired territories. However, our government is respectful of other religions in the bordering areas of Lithuania. Money from the reparations from Poland is used to increase the stability of the nation, mainly being used to reward those who fought in the liberation of Muscovy. A census has been taken in the nation, estimating the population at around 2,200,000. The military is calculated at 80,000. Our brethren in the Ukraine have been ensured independence upon the Treaty of Heilsberg under the protection by the Grand Duchy of Moscow co-operating with the local militaries. Money is also sent to Ukraine in order to develop the new independent nation consisting of our East Slavic and religious brethren. The Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church has returned to Moscow following the end of the war and the signing of the Treaty of Heilsberg. With independence acquired we begin to send aid to the Roman Empire once more, sending one thousand troops along with supplies from Ukraine. A royal marriage proposal is sent to Novgorod.
    • Novgorod Diplomacy: We accept the royal marriage.
  • Duchy of Ukraine: Following the independence of our nation from the Polish-Lithuanian heathen, we thank the Grand Duchy of Moscow and the coalition liberating our nation. Andrew Olshansky has been crowned Duke of the Duchy of Ukraine. The economy and industry begins to grow as trade from the Black Sea increases. Approximately 1000 troops are sent to aid the Roman Empire.
  • Swiss Confederacy: We continue to influence the Three Leagues, and the other surrounding cantons. We continue to modernize our military, and begin to look more into hand cannons to replace the bow and arrows. We purchase another 20 cannons and ten mortars. We begin to make our own banks and encourage increased agriculture.
  • The Prussians are able to easily crush the Samogitan rebellion with the aid of soldiers returning from the successful Polish War. Most, if not all, of the pagan forces were armed peasants. They stood no chance against the battle-hardened Prussian soldiers. The Prussians begin vassalizing the nations of Dorpat, Riga, Osel-Wiek and Courland. They also establish a vassal government in the Kingdom of Mazovia.
  • Mecklenburg: We increase our military power to serve the Holy Roman Empire. We accept all alliance offers from German nations. Continues explicit trading with allied nations but puts an embargo on Kalmar union due to the attack on our ally Hamburg. We are increasing our farmland and the amount of research going toward farming supplies.
  • Kingdom of Naples: King Ladislaus I continues the reforms. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards, and production of new boats to combat the pirates of the Mediterranean. Territorial defenses continue being built based on border forts. The king continues sending help to the Papal States so he can consolidate his lands, and also ask again for the blessing of the new Pope Innocent VII and to renew the title of Defender of Rome and the Holy Church. The king continues sending ships to patrol the trade routes of the Byzantine Empire. The Principality of Zeta, ruled now by Balša III, will become our vassal in two years. The king honor his alliance and send the army to support Castile. Our navy blocks the enemy ports. And also sees use of Bosnian soldiers for training for them, so they can get a lot of experience in war.
    • Papal States Dip: Pope Innocent VII gives his blessing to the king of Naples.
  • Ferrara: Improves the economy, and also sends soldiers to Castile.
  • Mantua: Improves the economy, and also sends soldiers to Castile
  • Andorra: The Bishop of Urgell has decided to follow the Anti-pope in Avignon as the true leader of the religion. The Bishop of Urgell has declared that all able-bodied prisoners must work on a castle in Andorra la Vella. There shall be a court for nobles of France and future allies to attend as well. The Bishop begins to set up a state supported library for research within the capital which will move to the castle once finished.
  • Bosnia: The Sarajevo Mandate is continuing as planned. An early warning system with smoke signals are being tested with some success. It also seems that some foreign cultures are now seeping their way into Bosnia, and Bosnians are curious. Richer families of Bosnia are sending the youth to study in various universities abroad and the foreigners are warmly welcomed by most. As for foreign policy Bosnia agrees to free trade between it and the Republic of Ragusa. Bosnia also welcomes Venician support for the Sarajevo Mandate. The Kingdom of Naples agrees to take some of the Bosnian military with them to Morocco and North Africa for training.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice offers to help fund the Bosnian government if they allow the Roscol Bank to manage their finances and set up a branch in their lands.
    • ​You haven't even tried to stabilise your nation. How can you do all this - your complete nation is in disarray with the Hungarians expanding into your nation due to the disarray.
  • Provence: Is given a new impetus to the economy and especially trade, taking advantage of the port of Marseille. Similarly, more mercenaries to protect the royal's territories are recruited. The Count of Provence moves his influence and will control the Anti-pope in Avignon in few years, trying to put an end to the schism. The Count accepts the Venetian proposal. A military alliance is sent to Castile, Aragon and Swiss Confederacy.
    • Castilian Dip: We accept the alliance and request that Provence send troops to aid in the conflict raging in North Africa.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Roscol Bank sets up its branch in Marseille and begins handling Provence's finances, quickly the state coffers experience a very slight uplift. The Bank begins investing heavily in Marseille, boosting the general trade but also the proportion of trade with Venice.
  • Anjou: Follows the model of Provence and improves existing military elements.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Continues to hold up its offer of extending the Roscol Banks branch and managing of finances to Anjou.
  • Oyo Empire: Alaafin Oranyan arrives in Castile, seeking to bring navigators and shipbuilders to Oyo to produce vessels for Oyo's future trade fleet. While in Madrid, Oranyan is stunned by the many great buildings, canals, castles, and palaces in the city, and is taken by the great churches the stick in the air with their massive towers. Oranyan is hurt at his heart as he views the superiority of the European people, and their knowledge of which they possess in great quantities. As he thinks back on how little he truly knew, he makes it an objective, his life goal, to dedicate everything he has at his disposal to become as great as these mighty people. Both he and his nobles swear that never again shall Oyo remain a primitive kingdom. From then on out, Oyo shall be a leader in halls of learning and technology as well as a peoples of the sea. Back home, development on the nation's industrial capabilities continues, as missionaries teach the people how to increase production to a point where they are bringing a surplus. Also, the number of literate Oyo subjects is slowly increasing, as Yoruba is translated by the missionaries, and the Latin language is slowly being adopted by the new Oyo clergy. The war canoes continue to explore the lands south of Oyo, this time reaching a land home to a people known as the Xhosa, located in Southern Africa. The Xhosa the Oyo warriors many gifts and foods, and send them off back to Oyo shortly after showing the warriors around their lands. With many hundreds of maps produced by these men during their two-year expedition to the south, they set off for Lagos to bring their information to the Alaafin. Oyo ceases its expansion to begin its first census. Though the regent wishes to have a census every ten years, it has been deemed more viable to do so every five years. With the aid of the missionaries, the census shows that there are 914,674 men, 954,440 women, and 303,314 children, for a total of 2,172,428 Oyo subjects. Oranyan's son, Akintunde, turns his attention toward influencing the Ife. Offering to protect them from Benin, the two states sign pacts with one another, including an agreement in which the people of Ife will convert to Catholicism. The first year of vassalization begins.
  • Specify where in Xhosa dominated regions are you reaching. Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk)
  • There is only one region where they reside. So wouldn't where they reside be common knowledge? ~Viva
  • Wallachia: Poland is in ruins, the Muscovites, and their allies have rampaged across most of the country. Mircea I of Wallachia looks north to see a weak state dominating the Moldavians, a people who follow our same religion, and share many Wallachian traits, but also a chance to capitalize on Poland’s weakness. The army which was raised last year needs a conflict and Mircea has found it. As 1405 dawns a declaration of war is sent, and Wallachian soldiers pour into a badly defended Moldavia, intent on removing Polish dominance, and establishing their own. The newly completed roads allow for a quick deployment and the beginning of the invasion seems to be going well. (Could somebody help me with the algorithm, as I am very new?)
  • Foix (Personal Union with Andorra): The Comtesse de Foix begins hiring explorers. The Comtesse de Foix sends a letter to the King of France asking permission to use the nearby ports.
  • Ottoman Empire: The Sultan hears word that Timur is dead, and hundreds celebrate throughout the Empire. To strike the Timurids swiftly, the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Timurids just days after the announcement. The Sultan calls on its allies to aid the Empire. He swears, God willing, that he will liberate the Emirate of Georgia, the Middle East buffer states, and the lands Timur recently conquered, from the evil that is the Timurids. He promises land gains by allies in the region if the victory is substantial enough. Troops plunge through buffer states like Erzincan as well as through the lesser-organized territory of the Black Sheeps to foster uprisings in the regions. Several military vessels are also sent to Georgia. Despite the upcoming chaos in the east, Vassalization efforts continue in Serbia, and gifts (including the Qur'an, of course) are given to the people of Raska to influence them to be integrated into Serbia under Ottoman rule. The new Sultan also begins industrialization of the Empire, seeing that many in his homeland of Rumelia were impoverished and the Empire was in need of improvement. The military is also improved for the high chance of invasion by the Timurids in the coming years.
    • Sorry for the confusion, never knew that Tamerlane wasn't going to die this year.
  • The Jochid Ulus continue their development of military and economy alike. The population of Qazan grows to 1500, and that of Obran-Osh grows to 2000 as people move closer to these areas for easier purchase and selling of their grain. This causes a demographic boom in the Volga region, and the economy continues blooming. The New Saray finishes the rebuilding of its basic structures, and the court moves back in full to the city. As the major cities' rebuilding projects begin to finish, minor cities, such as Xacitarxan, begin to be rebuilt. Meanwhile, local merchants, seeing the flourishing of Volga trade once again, continue building settlements throughout; Mordvins found Atemar-Osh in January in the Volga, and Bashkirs found Öfö in April in the Ural. The roads continue being built between the cities, as they grow and land movement by peasants and non-Mongols begins to swamp the horseriders. This, however, leads to a large problem in some Ulus, which begin to collapse as their leaders settle with the local inhabitants and begin ruling as appanages, with more or less the same autonomy. Interest on handgonnes and their purchase continues to increase. As Temür-Hachiun becomes three, Manguday once again has a child; this time it's a daughter, who he names Hoelun-Borte. Shadi Beg's half-namesake, Borte, turns two, and for a whole year she is without sickness. Meanwhile, Shadi Beg's wife has a son at last, who he names Ïdegay. However, she dies in childbirth. Shadi Beg, devastated, leaves Ïdegay on the care of Manguday, as he leaves northward to tour his realm in mourning. The Kamkšajsk-Nyar'yanamar settlements expand 550 sq km north and eastward into what the Samoyeds call the Yamal (meaning the end of the world). Some of the Siberian Tatars begin spreading their influence over the Khanty and Mansi chieftains to the east of the Horde. The Ossetes and Circassians directly south of the empire continue to be influenced. On regards to foreign policy, the Kurultay and Ïdegay remain indecisive in the war in Anatolia, with both the Kurultay and Ïdegay's influences being very divided between the Uralic peoples, supportive of settled empires and the Ottomans, and the Mongol aristocracy, supporting of the Timurids. However, all agree to increase military pressure on the Genovese territories in Crimea and the buffer Greek Principality of Theodoro, hopefully forcing the Genoese out of the island. The Kurultay agrees to give Ustyug independence, although protection of the principality is guaranteed, hoping to keep the nation in the Jochid sphere and out of the Muscovite one.
    • the Principality of Great Perm continues rebuilding, as Cherdyn finishes reconstruction. However, Muhammad-Zakov and Ïdegay both agree to a new capital for Perm. The new city, Kolvakvkar, is planned and construction begins in december. The economy increases quickly as the nation recovers, and the new military begins to be outfitted with the few handgonnes that it controls. However, only 200 or 300 gunsmen begin to be trained, as many as there are guns.
  • In Savoy the economy continues growing, and the kingdom prospers. The army hires more mercenaries. Piombino start to improve his navy, and also the economy grows.
  • France: The military and navy are built up as economy does. The colony in the Canaries continues thriving. Continues vassalizing burgundy, orleans and creating a new fleet to defend the sea regions of France.
    • Angouleme: Military and economy are built up.
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice offers France an alliance, following the path of its ally Holland-Hainaut, they also offer a trade deal.
    • France D: We accept the trading deal and the alliance.
  • Portugal continues a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, João I continues giving grants of land to some nobles to secure their loyalty. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, the marriage of Afonso de Avis with Margaret of Navarra is realized. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders start to visit the Castilian settlements in the Canaries.
  • Hesse: The newly re-organized Hessian Army with its new recruits begins to take the form it will have for a while. The last 1000 currently able-bodied men are being recruited into the army to form a reserve regiment from around Hesse, not from a specific area. A number of nobles are assigned to lead the different regiments and battalions created by this new re-organization. The forts on the border with Thuringia are completed. A message for an alliance with the Saxon Federation is sent out. Landgrave Hermann II has some plans for the conquering of a nation, though it is currently not known who. The economy is being built up.
    • Saxon Fed D: accepts
  • County of Oldenburg: The pacification of Frisia continues. Back at home, the initial parts of the port upgrade begins. Some noblemen donate large sums of money to the project, as many believe that with Hamburg having to pay its yearly tax, Oldenburg can become the new port of choice in North Germany. The Count's family is coming along in their literacy, and some noble families are taking their lead and also learning the art of reading and writing.
  • Under the leadership of Nasir-ad-Din Faraj, who is widely admired throughout Egypt, the Mamluk Sultanate continues its path of expansion in small Muslim states. Ahmad Jalayir, of the Jalayirid Sultanate of Baghdad, is released under the condition that his eldest sister - and heiress to the Sultanate - marry Nasir-ad-Din, and that the Jalayir line pass down through the Burji line as well. Eager to be released, Ahmad sends for his sister, Karam Shimah Jalayir and they are married in the famed Al-Hakim Mosque on royal Muizz Street. The two have a son, al-Mansur Mostafa Hazem, who is destined to inherit both the crowns of the Mamluk and Jalayirid Sultunate. Meanwhile, Medina is completely under the control of a stable emir, who is closely related to the Emir of the Negev, who helped stabilize the fragmented state. Important to the Muslims of the Sultanate, Medina attracts large numbers of Muslims from around the world since it has been stabilized, growing its economy. Vassalization continues. In Makuria, the Emir from Dongola defeats his rival, creating a single Makurian Emirate. The economy grows in Dongola as a result of the war and the return to the workforce. Also, 10,000 sq km of expansion to the southwest begins. Alodia continues to be vassalized, as cultural, economic, and historical ties bring the Mamluks and the Alodians closer. The Emir of Ifriqiya finalizes the relative stabilization of Banu Sulaym, and places his nephew on the throne as the semi-autonomous Emir, who grows toward the Ifriqiyan Emirate by 10,000 sq km. In Ramazan, the emphasis is placed upon developing good relations with Karaman, and a marriage between the daughter of the Ramazanian Emir and the young Karaminid Emir secures a prosperous future between the two states. New trade opportunities grow the economy. Meanwhile, the Sultan decides that the great city of Mecca will not be slowly absorbed by the Rausalids but rather given an emir of its own. The Great Imams of Cairo, Alexandria, Damascus, Medina, and Aleppo all gather in Jerusalem, as is to become a decadal event, and decide to appoint the most senior Great Imam to be the Caliph of Mecca. The Great Imam of Damascus is the most senior, and is proclaimed to be the Caliph of Mecca, and is then sent into the very religious state to organize the government. He makes great progress, and Mecca is well on its way to becoming an autonomous Caliphate of the Mamluk Sultanate, as it is influenced. Alexandrian traders, who are helped largely by Venetian trade, begin to branch out and send an investigative exploration into Cyprus. They return with great tales, which make their way up to the Alexandrian emir. In the Negev, it is decided that the town of Suez is to become a major Red Sea port, and construction and massive funding goes into this project which is though to be able to help Negev, which is mostly a desert. The Sultanate as a whole grows it economy due to beneficial trade deals, and expands 10,000 sq km toward Ethiopia, along the coastline.
  • Hainaut-Holland: Wilhelm conitnues to exert influence over Brabant and lay down his claims over the duchy. Wilhelm prepares for the of death Joanna of Brabant who is it is believed will not last the year and troops are readied to enforce the claims upon her death the papers showing Wilhelm's claims are once more shown as the lands once belonged to the family prior to the incursion of both Luxemburgen and Flemish lords stole the lands since the sisters of Joanna were tied to the house of WIttelsbach and to Louis IV of the HRE himself. Economic growth continues with many of the largest families of Europe entrusting their finances to Holland and with the expedential growth in trade. The Dutch traders successfully continue to steal trade from the Genoans in England, France and Flanders due to favorable trade agreements toward the Dutch and due to the aggressive commerce of the Dutch in comparison to the declining Genoan Trade. Efforts to break the Hanseatic trade monopoly in Northern Europe also begins aided by the free access to Prussian and Danish ports along with the toll free passage through the

Øresund . Production continues to grow in Hainaut allowing for a steady growth in finished goods of metal and artistic nature including cannons and hand cannons which Wilhelm offers to sell to the Danish, English, Prussians, Castilians, and Swiss. Naval expansion continues at a fast rate with ships now being outfitted with cannons, and all major ports having barricades to prevent other major floodings. Military expansion continues and the total forces possible to levy is now at around 17,000 if necessary, while a small standing force of 3000 remains at the behest of the Count. Hainaut and Holland back Castile's efforts in Africa, and Wilhelm authorizes a small voyage to start trading with the north African states to get in on the gold trade. Trading with Byzantine has proving particularly lucrative as the products coming out of the east are highly valued in Europe and an expansion of this trade is put forth. harassment of Genoan ships begins including several incidents were Dutch ships raid and sink Genoan boats seizing their cargo and selling them in nearby ports. Religious tolerence continues to grow. However, the local priests begin aggressively demanding the count to enforce conversion which he disagrees with, and the practise of sale of repentences begins to annoy many in the Count's holdings including the Count himself who wants to exert complete control over his lands. Englebert Nassau continues to gain prominence in Wilhelm's circles and he proves popular due to his good administration and gains a reputation as an honest and intelectually stimulating man. He is authorized to establish a university in Mons, making it the second university in the Count's lands. great effrtos to educate the commercial and aristocratic elite of the lands begins to create good administration and sound economic leaders. Ties with Castile, England, Prussia, and the UNC grow dure to the close economic and diplomatic ties to these countries and their royal families. Economic influence over Flanders begins to grow. Wilhelm's promotion of the arts and sciences continues with many young aspiring artists and inventors being financed by the Counties.

    • This can't happen.while you do have a claim, the ruler of Brabant is Joanna, the one you just mentioned. Are you sure you really want to assassinate her, given that she'll die just next year?. The only thing you have to worry about is competing claimants.'
    • True, forgot to read that she died in 1406. I thought she died earlier. I fixed that part of my turn. Nkbeeching (talk) 18:19, February 6, 2014 (UTC)
  • Papal States: With an attempt to colonizes the Strait of Gibraltar and North Africa futile, the Papal States elect to expand the Navy to ensure they are a formidable naval power. Cannons are bought for the ships. Economic expansion continues. The Main Bank is the Francis Bank. Military expansion continues across the States. The Pope has influence made on Lombardy, and continues to try to fix relations with Genoa to prevent armed conflict. In the Papal States, the Vassals are heavily influenced to ensure they do not break away.
  • Ethiopia: We continue building up our army and infrastructure, while continuing to expand into uninhabited lands.We send explorers out into the world to look for new lands. In we decide to establish diplomatic relations with all of our neighbors while at the same time, preparing for anything they might throw at our nation. The rise of the Malmuks to power, begins to concern our nation and we prepare greatly for a potential attack from them. We also urge our neighbors to follow suit.
  • Saxon Fed: King rudolf tours Anhalt and Thuringia. Meanwhile, propaganda is sent to said areas. We continue to build national defense. Construction begins of the university of Wittenberg.
  • The Alliance of Four Oirats: Oskemen is slowly finished, but is much slower than the start, since the roads in Oskemen is changed to cement. Cement increases in production. Half of the road is finished. More wheat is harvested and the first beer is fermented. More nomads became farmer and the wheat and barley is sold to nomads for venison, milk and beef. We continue small raids toward the Mongol Khanate for a larger population base by robbing other nation's people.
    • Four Oirats D to Chagatai Khanate: Orug Khan wishes for the children of him and the Princess of Chagatai Khanate to rule over the two nations jointly.
    • Four Oirats Dip to Timurid Empire: We would like to begin trade with the Timurs.
    • Timurid Diplomacy: We accept.
  • Emperor Yongle celebrates the completion of the first of the great treasure ships in the docks of the Chang Jiang. More are under construction. He decides to elect one of his favorite eunuchs, Zheng He, to lead a grand voyage across the world, they reach Vijaynagar and visit the courts of the Champa, Majapahit, Siamese and Bengali rulers offering all of them alliances. A portion of the fleet breaks away and maps out Sumatra, Java and Borneo. Further islands are sighted to the east and are marked for further exploration. Korea and Qara Del continue economic development.
    • Benagli Diplomacy: The Sultan accepts the alliance of Emperor Yongle and offers to send the Chinese envoys to Bengal back with gifts and Bengal's own envoys.
  • Grand Empire of the Timurid Dynasty: The Empire continues to build domestic projects and roads. The military is built up and more cannons are built. The population continues to boom, and Amjad continues to plan for his reign. The Damascus Fleet continues being built up, but as of now it is quite large, featuring over six dozen warships and several transports. Stocking up of food continues while the population continues to boom. Draka turns four years old. We continue to influence Multan, Sind, and Ladakh, (Year Two). Construction of the Black Sea fleet continues, and it has roughly a dozen warships. We offer the Ottomans a non-aggression pact as well as the Malmuks stating that we should stay strong together, not hate each other. Amjad begins to gain more power in the empire, with his father giving him control of the military and domestic items, leaving foreign affairs to the Timur. More may be added later.
    • ​Sultanate of Delhi: Building of public works begins, while the military is built up and the economy is worked on. Investments from the Timurids are helping nicely as well, helping to rebuild roads and connections within the country. Stocking up of food begins, and plans to eventually unite India are begun.
    • Emirate of Georgia: Building of public works continues, while the military is built up and the economy is worked on. Investments from the Timurids are helping nicely as well, helping to rebuild roads and connections within the country. Stocking up of food continues.
    • Sultanate of the Eastern Turks: The military is built up, while public works continue throughout the country. Stocking up of food continues.
    • Sultanate of Erzincan: The Sultanate continues to trade heavily with the Eastern Turks, and construction of roads to connect them continues. Food continues being stocked up.
    • Mamluk Diplomacy: We are willing to leave the coalition and sign a treaty with the Timurids if Syria is returned to the Sultanate and the Jayalyrid Dynasty is released in its entirety, with the rightful heir of the Burji Dynasty to inherit the Baghdadi Caliphate.
  • Hamburg: Yearly tax paid. Finding no room for new ships, the government turns over construction to private companies. Hamburg decides to increase its presence in the Mediterranean, on the opposite side of the continent from the UNC. Trade requests are sent to Castile and the Papal States, and military alliance is asked to Venice.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Seeing an opportunity to stretch trade influence farther north, Venice accepts the military alliance and sends a detachment of 50 ships to the north to secure northern sea trade for Venetian and allied merchant fleets, weary of news of privateers roaming the seas.
    • Castilian Dip: We agree to this.
  • Ulster: The castle continues to be constructed. We increase the size of the fleet to five ships. Relations sour with the MacDonnells to the north. We continue training longbowmen. We expand westward by (However many I am allowed) px. Whiskey rises in popularity as Monks brew it, and as a result, merchants begin to look into selling it to other countries for profit, and create fleets of merchant vessels as a result.
  • Florence: The military and economy increase as Florence profits from the alliance with Siena. The infrastructure is improved while restoration of the city continues. Further deals with all Italian states are offered. Several ships are offered to the Byzantine Empire to loan, should they need it in their war against the Ottomans. Vassalization of the House of Este continues as Florence swears to protect the state from harm.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Hoping to spurn the Milanese for their actions, Venice decides to ally itself with Siena and also ensures that trade to the city is encouraged to assist its survival. Further the Doge offers to sign a pact with Florence to contain any further Milanese expansion south of their current territories, including defending the independence of any territories that leave the Duchy. Some Venetian Nobles rumble and protest at working with Florence, but the Doge manages these by stating that "the enemy of my enemy is my friend".
  • Venetian Republic: As the war in Africa begins, Venice starts to manoeuvre its troops in Greece into better positions to support the Byzantine pressure on Achaea. The war in Africa is starting to show a drain in the nations finances, as more mercenaries have to be hired to ensure that Venetian forces can match their opponents. As the war is going well, however, most in government simply advise the Doge to show restraint after this venture.
    In the trial of Giovanni Pieromo, the judge concludes that the guards lawfully arrested him, within the month he is also convicted of treason and then subsequently executed. This sends a message to both the aristocratic action and the Pieromo family. Later in the year those accused of being Genoan conspirators with Giovanni are found and hung. The Doge sets about recruiting more personal guards and increases their pay, fearful of Pieromo vengeance over the tarnishing of their name as traitors and the execution of Giovanni.
    Meanwhile, the research into business and legal structures seems to be generating results, and the Venetian and Dutch announce that they will have something ready for the next year. The Roscol Bank already begins adopting some of the suggestions of the committee, they experience a boost in the flow of cash and a reduction in unaccounted for debts, further their capacity for investment increases massively. Much speculation is made about the change in law coming next year, including criticism claiming that the old models are working fine and tampering with them could threaten Venice's position in Europe.
  • Japan: The Shogun's castle is built and it is in the center of the capital city. The navy is being built up. The military is increasing its troops. Farming has increased due to the amount of rain we are getting. Our population continues to boom, since more food is being made. Folk music is becoming popular with our citizens. Songs about war and love are being.
  • Kingdom of Cuzco: Military training continues. Service remains mandatory. Road work continues to connect the various districts of the city. Food production continues.
  • The Kingdom of England: The Welsh continue to be met with defeat after the battle of Monmouthshire. Archbishop Scrope of York is executed for allegedly being involved with Welsh rebels. He is the first member of the clergy to be executed. The Welsh fail to take the city of Worchester. The rebel forces are now scattered and on the run. Thomas of Monmouth, last heir to Henry IV and the deceased Henry of Monmouth dies as French forces attack Aquitaine. This leaves the current King, the only member of the House of Lancaster in power. The Archbishop of Canterbury reaches out to the French in Avignon as an attempt to reconcile the two branches of Catholicism. The Privy Council, behind the King's back, reaches out to the French for a temporary cessation of hostilities. Ties with Scotland and the Irish states continue to grow. England begins seeing an influx of wealth due to investments in the Bank of Holland and the Roscal Bank of Venice. England, in a gesture of goodwill, calls on English pirates to stop attacking French vessels as part of the cease-fire. Hand cannons are purchased en masse from abroad. More may be posted.
    • Ormond: Military is expanded.
    • Westmeath: Military and industry are expanded.
    • Wales (non-rebel): Owain Glndwyr attacks the city of Brecon, but is pushed back by the considerably better prepared and manned English reserve forces. The Welsh church is reconciled with the English branch of Catholicism ending a long standing feud.
  • The newly-formed Kingdom of Desmond has a lot on its hands in the year 1405 (oh boy). Construction on Tomasdun Castle continues, and it is approximately halfway done, and a small but growing market village has begun to spring up in the bay under the growing castle's shadow. The King goes to the newly-unified areas and personally meets each of the lords, hoping to remain in good relations with them. Most are appreciative of the new kingdom, but a few shun the new King and his Norman decent, despite him being described as "more Irish than the Irish themselves. The merchant fleet, although tiny by most European nations' standards continues to trade with nations throughout Europe. Two major trade routes emerge. One goes to London, Bruges, Hamburg, and Copenhagen, with the other taking a more southerly route to Bordeaux, Lisbon, and Valencia. We ask to open formal trade relations with nations throughout Europe, and ask to establish trading posts in their nations. We assimilate many people in the southern realms into the levy, and some of them become farmers. We teach the new men in the levies all how to use a crossbow, shield, and longsword, and many are equipped with chainmail armor. The King of Desmond announces his plans to tour Europe in the next few years. He puts a local noble in charge temporarily while he's gone. A trader by the name of Domhnall Burke announces his plans to sail to the strange land of Africa, in hopes of finding "new goods for the betterment of the realm". His goals are ridiculed by most, as they believe Africa is a realm of "wild beasts and scorching deserts" and that Domhnall is the slightly crazy in the head, but he has modest success in finding a crew, as his ship is quite small. We now use Munster's old flag as our own, as we claim to be their successor. We ask to open talks with England over the possibility of a new union as we once had after they are finished with the Welsh rebels. The alcoholic drink, whiskey, becomes popular throughout Desmond, as it's quite easy to make, and many farmers create their own. An incident of a fisherman drowning after consuming too much of the beverage prompts the Kingdom to institute propaganda telling the populace "Don't drink and boat".
  • Austria: We the war in Poland now over we remove our main army and return levies to their homes. We a small force remains in Lithuania as a gesture of goodwill to our newly acquired allies. We train and expand our military using new experience from the war. We also begin developing hand cannons as a future weapon in warfare after seeing its implementation on a small scale. With the first three Bimereiche ships successfully taking up roles in the Adriatic Sea, we commission the construction of two more for use by the Archduke. We begin influencing the states of Salzburg, Gorizia and Patria del Friuli. With our finances now being handled by the Counties of Holland and Hainaut we ask for a formal alliance to ensure that we can protect the counties from foreign raids. Similarly we ask for an alliance with Castile. We ask for military access through the nation of Hungary to better maneuver soldiers in case of an Ottoman invasion of Europe.
    • The Hungarian King Sigismund would like favourable conditions with Austria. However, he is planning something else and currently will have to deny access. He will look into it once his campaigning is completed.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The rule of consolidation continues, with the breaches in its concept being ended due to the current Sultan falling under bad health, and wishing to end any more expansion for the time being. All the people who were formerally within the areas of the Jaunpur Sultanate that were taken by Bengal are allowed to conduct business, hold land, and travel in all parts of the Bengali Sultanate, no matter their religion or previous social class under the Jaunpur Sultanate. The Sultan's son grows increasingly angry at his father's concepts of consolidation and tolerance, privately decreeing it to be a heresy of the teachings of Muhammad. Trade influence of Orissa and Arakan continue, with the Bengali Sultan offering the rulers of both nations annual tributes in exchange for them almost exclusively trading with the Bengali merchants, instead of other nations merchants. (Needs mod response). More copies of the Bengali translated epic Ramanya continue to be produced, inspiring many Bengali poets to create their own tales of human values and the concept of Dharma, even leading to some Islamic poets to create their own intepretations of Dharma. The influx of citizens from the annexation of some of Jaunpur's lands leads to an increase in farm sizes in cities on the Bengali-Jaunpur border, and a more numerous merchant class. Several landed subjects in Bengal ask the Sultan to arm their armies, which he does.
    • (MOD) The nations of Orissa and Arakan accept.
  • Mangut Nivkhgu: The Nivkh Kingdom continued to prosper in the year 1405, while expansion into the Sakhalin wilderness stalled slightly, the state did expand on the Asian mainland, plunging another 1000 sq km up the Amur River from Ñeƞdaqo. Mang Hangut says that he has seen a vision in which the Blue Mandala is one day hoisted over all of the Amur and all of Sakhalin. Meanwhile, Master Wu and and Master Ifalsp'eḑ continue their efforts in Beijing to secure military advisers, matallurgists, mining experts, and bureaucratic advisers for their new state.
    • MING CHINA, RESPOND.
  • Cahokian civilisation: The Cahokian civilisation is now a stable state, but faces a variety of internal and external threats. Political power within the Cahokian civilisation centralises further to Cahokia. With the elite of the civilisation residing there growing in size. Calls for some kind of central authority over the civilisation continue to emanate from certain quarters, with members of the political elite battling to come out on top. One member of the elite, known as Birdman, is calling for the Cahokian civilisation to become an absolute monarchy, a natural evolution from the current chiefdom system, with himself on the throne. This idea gains some traction among the elite. The flow of refugees from the south ceases. This ends five years of mass migration by southern refugees. Trade between the Cahokian civilisation and Moundville civilisation increases once again, with Moundville’s reliance on the Cahokian civilisation for certain resources not available in the south increasing once more. This reliance on the north becomes more noticeable in Moundville markets, as seasonal dips of resources in the north are now resulting in more severe drops in trade within Moundville. The settlements on and near the coast of the Great Lakes in the far north of the Cahokian civilisation continue to produce bountiful harvests, bolstered with fish and crustaceans caught from the Great Lakes. These settlements continue to grow in size. The last of the refugees end up in Cahokia, ending its artificial population revival, and placing its future on its now naturally successful population. This places the population at around 40,000 Cahokians, matching its previous peak, and once agin making it the most populous city in all of the Americas. Like last year, these refugees effectively nullify their negative impact by increasing the workforce available to cultivate new food stocks and gather resources. The new crops planted last year in the area surrounding Cahokia are successful, and as a result Cahokia’s food stocks increase again, leading to an even larger surplus than last year. New crops are replanted in these areas. The continuous changing up and improving of irrigation techniques has now made it so that the crops being produced are of the highest quality produced by any Mississippians. This leads to the surplus being in high demand by the Moundvillians to the south, making them further reliant on the Cahokians. The well-established trade network within the Cahokian civilization allows valuable food stocks to continue to be transported down from the Great Lake settlements to the rest of the Cahokian lands, in particular the eastern protruding extension. The monthly waste removal ritual continues within Cahokia and all the settlements within the Cahokian civilisation. A large canal is dug in parallel to the Mississippi, and the banks of the river are breached to allow water to flow in and out of this canal. This canal is positioned upstream from Cahokia, and is now used as the source of water for the city. Thus improving water quality, and creating ease of supply. The prevalence of disease, and death rate, both within Cahokia itself and the rest of the Cahokian lands, continue to decline as a result. The Cahokian civilisation is now seeing larger net growth, as birth rates further outweigh death rates annually. Nearly all of the high priests of the Southern Cult now reside in the Cahokian civilisation. Those remaining in the Moundville civilisation are part of the political elite, and as a result of this the Cahokian civilisation has another route to influence Moundville through, which it utilises. Many more Moundvillians make pilgrimages to see the religious sites within the Cahokian lands. Expansion is now taking place into the unorganized lands separating the panhandle from the rest of the civilization, with the settlements there being integrated. The scouts sent to the north report back a number of tribal peoples to the east of the Great Lakes, but contact is decided against for the time being. More scouts are sent to the north to keep an eye on these peoples. The scouts sent to the east report back an incredibly resource rich bay area, OTL Chesapeake Bay. The decision is made to set up a number of trade posts in this area, and resources begin to be sent back to the Cahokian civilisation. Within the Cahokian civilisation many see the expansion of the Moundville civilisation as against their interests, regardless of the current reliance Moundville has on Cahokia, and believe an edge is required. It is decided that resources and warriors shall be provided to a settlement to the south, to help them expand their borders, and become a stable civilization under the control of the Cahokian civilisation. In this endeavor the settlement of Etowah is chosen. The settlement of Etowah has been chosen for a number of reasons. It is the most prominent settlement in the area and the civilization in control of it is extremely good trade partners with the Cahokians. The land surrounding it is extremely fertile, as its nutrients are renewed annually due to periodic flooding. Finally, the population is avid supporters of the Southern Cult, and as a result they make multiple pilgrimages to Cahokian lands to see religious sites, they also respect the high hriests of the Southern Cult within Cahokian Lands, meaning they are already under significant influence from the Cahokian civilisation. This supply of resources, as well as Cahokian warriors, is started. Etowah begins the stabilization of their lands, and power begins to be centralized there. It is expected that in ten years’ time that the Etowah civilisation will be stable, and have defined borders.
  • The UNC continues to develop its military and navy. The new Korekor ships are built in larger quantities, and quickly prove their worth in anti-pirate skimishes, where the faster, larger ships easily catch up to their lesser foes. We continue to expand the maximum into Saami lands. Our control on trade in the Baltic reaches massive heights - nearly 75% of the trade is controlled now by the Crown's merchants, choking out the Hansa as our lower prices - as the merchants pay lower tariffs through the

Øresund

- begin to bankrupt them. More pressure is put on Lubeck and Danzig to declare themselves Free Ports for the UNC and the Crown. (Mod Response, please). Trade in Hamburg, too, significantly increases. The Queen Regent convinces the Grand Council to make a fyrd - all able-bodied working men under Feudal lords must train for the military for at least two weeks in total throughout the year, though cities remain paritally exempt. This swiftly creates a large and ready fighting force, though the Crown's greater strength remains the navy, which is now unrivalled throughout the Western Hemisphere. With the huge influx in trade, a small population boom occurs, the population increasing by a few dozen thousand. We ask for a formal alliance with Holland, as well as a renewed and more powerful mutual free trade pact. The new control in the Baltic of trade means that now most Northern German cities do require the Crown's merchants to sustain their economy - though it is a mutual benefit, as the lower prices and larger goods from further also mean that the economies of said nations are significantly heightened. The Crown's merchants also go westward and southward, gaining large market shares in England, as well as in other Western European nations. We suggest a minor diplomatic marriage with Castile, as well as a pledge to allow each other to send troops and ships through our respective straits.
  • H-H dip: We agree and once more request that the UNC place their faith in Dutch banks to help promote mutual relations.
  • Yemen: The Emir is annoyed by the fact the King of Aragon did not respond to his request to have audience with him, but he stil continues on his trip as planned and goes to Castile this year. When he arrives in Castile, he requests audience with the King of Castile. He continues on with his plan and stays in Castile for the rest of the year, preparing for his trip back to Yemen next year. The Regent continues implementing new policies to help stabilize the realm and expand the navy. The navy continues to patrol the Gulf of Aden, though the Regent decides to expand trade to the Swahili city-states and sends some navy to patrol the area down the south. He also decides to authorize and expedition that plans to go further south down the coast. The expedition finds an island slightly south of the Swahili city-states. They decide to continue on the expedition south but mark the island on their map. They eventually reach the tip of Africa and map out all they have explored on their expedition, but decide to turn back after rounding the tip. The Regent also continues expanding into the disorderly fragments of Mecca by 250 sq km. The regent also decides to start influencing the the disorderly fragment of Mecca.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund orders reports on the conditions of the fleet once more to see the progress made. He sends an expedition force to Banu Sulaym and the naval vessels are used to transport the soldiers quickly for the campaign and bring it under the thumb of Hungary. It is hoped that the leader of the nation will be captured and will be forced to sign vassalage treaty. Another 50 new ships have been produced by the dockyards of Croatia - all flying the Hungarian flag. Most of these are actually merchant ships and these will be sent out in the hope of expanding a greater network of trade. Sigismund has completely redirected all his soldiers and will now have only a small number of naval vessels patrolling the coast for an invasion. Sigismund looks to re-affirm his alliance with Byzantine, yet it seems as though the nation is ignoring his diplomatic calls. He also looks to Iberia to see if he can make allies there. The construction of the castles in the north continue, while the army continue to train. However, with the falling of Poland - Sigismund begins to grow worried of the condition the north will now be in. However, he continues the construction of the castles at the same pace as he is directing his efforts somewhere else. More peasants begin to be trained while the trained peasants are now to return home and farm their land as well as perhaps train others. Diplomats now head out to other nations in a bid to expand upon economic links and help the nation develop more routes and trading partners to try to gain more money flowing into the coffers. Fortifications on the Ottoman border continue and Slavs die in the thousands. However, conditions are still strictly harsh and so they have to work at a fast pace or they will be beaten up. Croatia sees a large economic boom beginning as trading helps increase the amount of money brought in. Sigismund, through intermediaries, orders the upgrading of many port facilities and he orders the nobles to make sure their ships do not harass the Venetians in any way and any reports from Venice that something like this is happening will lead to the curtailing of the noble in question's powers. The work on the ports soon begins with many unemployed peasants now finding work and flocking in large numbers to build the upgrades. The work on these ports continue and much work has rapidly been completed. A tariff for merchants trading is also in place but it is put at favourable levels with none for the Venetians due to the new alliance between the states and the amount of trading between them. Sigismund runs the nation through nobles who manage Hngary while their king is away fighting a war. Sigismund, early in the year, declares war on Bosnia in a bid to free the people from the chaos, gain a new state to help him in the region and also gain greater riches and popular support. The people are fully behind this, expecting their king to do well and prove he is a capable leader.
  • In Garay, the King arrives personally. The first of the new castles finish construction and these are soon put into use housing the troops of the King as well as the King himself. He also orders his generals in Split to ready themselves and on his order, the expansion into uncivilised lands begins. Initially, progress is swift but the troops have to move slowly as the chaos in the region comes to be known. However, he soon refocuses his energies and he declares war on Bosnia - invading the nation to bring it under the control of the Hungarian crown and gain workers for the lands as well as future projects he has planned for the nation.
  • In Split, the nobles begin to work on creating standing armies to manage and controlling their lands. Castles continue being built in the vassal while many old ones are completely torn apart and their land allocated for peasants. When the generals arrive with troops, Splitean nobles send a handful to assist as they still need soldiers to help keep order in their recently organised lands. The vassal of Split declares support for their king.
  • Iroquois Tribes: A break in negotiations for unification for a year as Deganawada continues to promote his idea of a unified Iroquois is cut short while he was hunting with the Mohawk tribe chiefs. In what the chiefs claimed was an accident, an arrow struck and killed Deganawada. The other tribes blame the Mohawk for fabricating his death as they were the ones who sought to bring the Iroquois tribes together for war, but they deny this. However, the rising tensions between the six tribes eventually lead to the start of raids and outright warfare among the tribes and the chiefs within each tribe. Brother turned against brother as the Iroquois divided themselves between the Wolf and Deer factions, seeking to unite the tribes on their own terms.
  • Aragon and Sicily expand military and infrastructure. In Corsica, a stable pro-Aragonese government is set up. Troops continue to organize Sardinia. Aragon sends an alliance to the great northern nation of Scandinavia. Martin II returns to Zaragoza after leading troops personally in Sardinia. He contracts an unknown disease and it seems that he may die soon. A small fleet is sent from Sicily south in the Mediterranean. A trade outpost is set up in unorganized Libya.
    • At this time genoa owned the island you would need to war first.~Andrew
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we begin opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. (Tr0llis asked me to post this for him.)
  • Zapotec: Emperor Tlaco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan expands into the surrounding city-states.
  • Roman Empire: Sorry about this. Same excuse as last time. The Empire begins to enter a period of economic revival. Increased trade from Yemeni wares has lead to a positive income for the first time in many years. Increased farming yields due to the new land in Boetia and Attica also means the Empire needs to spend less on food imports. The Empire begins to exploit the reclaimed silver mines in Attica. With this extra income, the Empire decides to double its navy once more, buying twenty more ships from the Venetians. Reconstruction of Nicomedia's fortifications begins in order to increase the defense of the straits. The Emperor accepts the offer of the Hungarians.
    • Thank god. The Hungarian King Sigismund is very glad and hopes to have an exchange of diplomats.

1406

In Rome, Pope Innocent VII dies and his successor, the Hungarian Bálint Alsáni, as the 205th Pope, takes the name of John XXIII.

Joanna, Duchess of Brabant, dies.William VI of Holland lays claim to the Duchy of Brabant, and is challenged by Antoine de Valois-Bourgogne, Count of Rethel, who claims the duchy as nearest living relative of Joanna.

James I becomes King of Scotland, after having been captured by Henry IV of England. Richard Whittington is elected Lord Mayor of London for a second full term. He holds this office simultaneously with that of Mayor of the Calais Staple.

The Republic of Pisa officially joins The Republic of Florence following years of decline at the hands of the Genoans.

“Moundville” continues to centralize as fishing from the Gulf Coast provided new industry and dried fish products become common, "Moundville" is now home to 24,000 people and the chief lives in great luxury. Construction commences on a great ceremonial mound near OTL Mobile Alabama. The “Great Fish and Opossum Mound” is purposefully designed to be larger than the Great Serpent Mound of the North, and it is hoped that priests will flock to this new site.

The Khan of the Chagatai Khanate, Shams-i-Jahan, is insulted by the offer from the Four Oirats and insists that his first son, Naqsh-i-Jahan, shall succeed him as Khan.

After the death of Iroquois chief Deganawida, the Mohawk and the Oneida chieftains believe that it is the perfect time to strike against the peaceful Iroquois confederation. With the belief pacifist influences are the only reason why the Algonquians have not been defeated, they rebel against the Confederation. The remaining four tribes, Seneca, Wnro, Cayuga and Onondaga, band under Onondaga under a far tighter confederation, in order to defeat the rebels.

  • Japan: The Ashikaga state declares war on the Toki state. 25,000 troops are sent into Toki to take over the land. At the age of 3 the Shogun's son starts to train in the way of the samurai. After two years the six ships that went to Taiwan came back. They give a map of the area to the Shogun to look at. The people from the exploration bring back plants (seeds), art, and books from Taiwan. Our navy is building more ships to send out. The military is increasing due to the Shogun dafting people into the military. Farming is increasing due to new techinques being used. Manor lands were therefore farmed using the three-field system of agriculture. One field was devoted to winter crops, another to summer crops, and a third lying fallow each year. The land was worked by peasants. Farmers did not know how to enrich the soil by the use of fertilizers or how to provide for a proper rotation ofcrops. Hence each year they cultivated only two-thirds of the land, letting the other third lie "fallow" (uncultivated), that it might recover its fertility. It is said that eight or nine bushels of grain represented the average yield of an acre. Farm animals were small, for scientific breeding had not yet begun. A full-grown ox reached a size scarcely larger than a calf of today, and the fleece of a sheep often weighed less than two ounces. T'he common use of the non-arable land. Besides his holding of farm land, which in Japan averaged about thirty acres, each peasant had certain rights over the non-arable land of the manor. He could cut a limited amount of hay from the meadow. He could turn so many farm animals such as cattle, geese and swine on the waste ground. He also enjoyed the privilege of taking so much wood from the forest for fuel and building purposes. A peasant's holding, which also included a house in the village, thus formed a complete self-sufficient unit.
  • Hainaut-Holland: To secure his claims Wilhelm levies the troops of both his estates and invades The Duchy of Brabant to seize the lands for himself. The cannons and handguns while not accurate have a gret impact in causing fear amongst the Brabant soldiers (not sure if I need an algo for this). Wilhelm decalres himself Duke of Brabant and calls upon his allies and the HRE to support his claim as a fellow member of the Holy Roman Empire. The navy swiftly blockades the small Brabant coastline. Wilhelm demands Antionne withdraw his claims. Troops are requested from the UNC to help sieze Brabant. Trade continues as usual. Ties with the allied states continue to grow. Banking grows as well. Dutch traders continue to break up Genoan trade west of Iberia, and bring goods from the East via the trade route established with Byzantium. We offer a changed treaty to Austria - an agreement of friendship and a defence pact.
    • The Hungarian Monarch Sigismund writes to H-H, stating that they will diplomatically support Wilhelm ifthe H-H agree to an alliance with the Hungarians (I think we might be already allied) as well as give Hungarian traders very favourable trading conditions.
    • H-H Response: Wilhelm agrees to an alliance, and offers a trade agreement which gives Hungarian traders greater access to Dutch trade in exchange for greater access to Hungarian ports and toll free access to their trade.
    • Sigismund of Hungary responds by stating that is fair - and such, he allows for the deals between the two nations to be signed.
    • The UNC sends military aid.
  • Grand Empire of the Timurid Dynasty: The Empire continues to build domestic projects and roads. The military is built up and more cannons are built. The population continues to boom, and Amjad continues to plan for his reign. Stocking up of food continues.. Draka turns five years old. We continue to influence Multan, Sind and Ladakh, (Year Four). Construction of the Black Sea fleet continues, and it has roughly two dozen warships. Amjad continues to gain more power in the empire, with his father is begining to grow sickly, both mentally and physically. While still revered as the unifyer of the Empire, his son has mostly taken over running the Empire. The Treaty of Ankara is offered to the Ottomans, which is on the talk page. More may be added later.
    • ​Sultanate of Delhi: Building of public works begins, while the military is built up and the economy is worked on. Investments from the Timurids are helping nicely as well, helping to rebuild roads and connections within the country. Stocking up of food continues.
    • Emirate of Georgia: Building of public works continues, while the military is built up and the economy is worked on. Investments from the Timurids are helping nicely as well, helping to rebuild roads andconnections within the country. Stocking up of food continues.
    • Sultanate of the Eastern Turks: The military is built up, while public works continue throughout the country. Stocking up of food continues.
    • Sultanate of Erzincan: The Sultanate continues to trade heavily with the Eastern Turks, and construction of roads to connect them continues. Food continues being stocked up. Military is built up.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: The economy continues to grow as the local infrastructure of the nation expands. More roads are built to allow for much easier transport across the Rus’. Proposals of the expansion of the Moscow Kremlin is accepted in the capital in order to defend the nation at a greater extent. The first clock tower is built in the current Kremlin (First in OTL was at 1404, sourced from the Moscow Kremlin website), as well as the placement of new walls and buildings, such as guard towers, barracks, and armories. Hand cannons and muskets are currently being researched for the development of the military. Influence begins to spread on the three states north of our nation, Rostov, Tver and Yaroslavl (three turns for these). Influence is also spread to Oka and Pereslavl-Ryazanski (two nations south of mine; Approx three to four turns for Oka, and five for Pereslavl-Ryazanski). We send Ukraine a royal marriage offer. Fur trapping and hunting becomes an excellent source of trade within the Rus’, bringing large amounts of money into the nation. The Russian language begins to grow in popularity rather than Old East Slavic and Ruthenian. A royal marriage request is sent to the Roman Empire (not sure if I have done this already). The call for unity with the Russian people still remains large in our nation. Reparations from Poland-Lithuania continue to expand the nation’s economy, citizens who have suffered property damage during the Muscovite Crusade have been paid in order to repair damages.
    • Muscovite Diplomacy: We propose to the Golden Horde to buy their vassal Ustyug for 10,000 gold coins, which will become part of the Grand Duchy of Muscovy.
  • Duchy of Ukraine: We accept Moscow’s offer of a royal marriage in order to preserve relations with the Grand Duchy of Moscow. The Russian language begins to grow in popularity exponentially, rather than most people speaking Old East Slavic or Ruthenian.
  • Novgorod: The training and advancement of our military continues, as men become used to the utilization of advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows. The settlement on the Neva River continues to grow as an important and strategic trading post. The locals christen the wooden fort as St Patriksburg and elect a mayor to serve as their leader. So far the fort consists of several homes, a barracks, a tavern, and a few stores, selling supplies to people venturing north. A few trails are cut from the fort proper to the coast, where ships arrive periodically now. Several more government koch ships are completed. We choose to station a few in St Patriksburg to respond to problems in the north, requiring the construction of a dock outside the fort. Hunters and trappers from the fort have now fully mapped out about 350 sq mi of land north, and some have begun settling the area or preparing the area for future settlement (We expand 7 pixels directly north of OTL St Petersburg.) We begin looking into the development of hand cannons for use in hunting and warfare. We ask for an alliance with the counties of Holland and Hainaut to strengthen Baltic Sea trade.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund fights hard and bravely with his soldiers. Crushing the enemy Bosniac soldiers in battle after battle, he leads his troops all around the nation - sacking castles and executing nobles and seizing their lands. All of the Bosniac nobles are killed to ensure all their land can be divided up between the loyal nobles from the vassals as well as Hungary and Croatia itself. Sigismund reuturns to his capital to huge crowds (for the era) cheering him on. After the dreadful campaigning in the 1390s, Sigismund finally has completed his quest of proving he can fight and that he is a capable leader. His expedition force in Banu Sulaym is doing well and caputures the leader of the nation. They force him to sign vassalage and in return he will get support to stabilise his nation. Another 20 new ships have been produced by the dockyards of Croatia, but the pace of construction was slowed as to put funds into he war in the south as well as allow the treasury to recover quickly while the trading ships of Hungary bring in the revenue. The merchant ships travel north, past Gibraltar and begin to trade with the UNC. They earn much profits and they also come into contact with England and Holland. They find Holland to be another worthwhile trading destination. However, while returning, they are forced to stop in the waves as the Castilian ships pass them from Gibraltar to fight in Morocco. This leads to the loss of two ships due to the fact they were out at sea for all that while. When this ships return, they allow Hungary to lake a large profit but the nobles are stil sore over the loss of two ships. This leads to Hungary beginning to demand Castile compensate them. Sigismund sends the demand personally through the letter demanding compensation. The new ships are mostly naval ships this time. A small number of naval vessels patrolling the coast for an invasion, but this grows with more ships arriving from docks the fleet off the coast strengthens. Sigismund is glad with the fact the Byzantine Empire has accepted his calls for an alliance and now he is able to openly trade in the Byzantine ports as well as have another potential region to keep the region calm. He also looks to Iberia to see if he can make allies there, but not Castile because of the issues arising. The construction of the castles in the north continue, while the army continues to train. Sigismund orders the halting of construction of the castles after the Wallachians force Poland to give up Moldovia. Sigismund grows even more worried about the Poles not being able to hold their own. Therefore, he sends them an offer: side with Hungary and gain a military alliance while we gain some influence in trade and in the Polish court or be target of attacks. He knows the Poles have no choice but to side with him. More peasants begin to be trained while the trained peasants are now to return home and farm their land as well as perhaps train others. Diplomats now head out to other nations in a bid to expand upon economic links and help the nation develop more routes and trading partners to try to gain more money flowing into the coffers. Fortifications on the Ottoman border continue and Slavs die in the thousands. With the Bosniacs now under the control of Hungary too, much of their workforce is drafted in to begin constructing fortifications against the Ottomans. Sigismund begins to divide up the new lands he has gained. Many Hungarian and Slavonian nibles gain land due to the fact their troops parcticipated the most. Croatian nobles gain lands in Split - at the expense of nobles from Split. However, Sigismund shrewedly compensates them by giving them lands in Bosnia and the other vassal and allows them to move to their new lands for better control. Sigismund also makes public that he is declaring his son as successor to the throne. He is seen with his wife and son, a happy man.
    • Castilian Dip: Due to our control of Gibraltar, the status of the war and our intent to tax ships coming through the straits we request that Hungary send a diplomat to negotiate on their behalf when it comes to compensation as well as the issue of Gibraltar.
    • Polish (mod) diplomacy: Threatened by the recent loss of Lithuania, and seeing itself sandwiched between three enemies and Hungary, the Poles accept.
    • Wallachian Diplomacy: The Wallachian crown hopes that this military alliance will not cause Hungary to declare war on Wallachia, as we are currently fighting the Poles for control of Moldavia.
    • King Sigismund of Hungary reminds Wallachia that they have a trade deal and he would not want to jepordise that. All long as Wallachia only take Poland's vassal - they will calm the Polish king and ensure he does not seek furthur conflicts.
    • Wallachian Diplomacy: We have no ambitions after Moldavia when it comes to Poland, and we would be interested in assisting Poland if the Russian states declare war again.
    • Muscovite Diplomacy: On the behalf of our nation, we have no plans containing aggressive actions for our former enemy Poland. However, we were never the aggressor in the war, our country was ravaged by the Polish invaders and when support was sent we liberated territory containing our East Slavic brethren and also liberated Lithuania from the personal union.
    • The Hungarian monarch isn't sure what to think of the Muscovite declaration. He really doesn't care, all he wants now is to make sure his new military allies are protected. He quickly sends economic advisors into the nation and plans to send a few soldiers to help re-build the shattered Polish confidence. However, the first thing on his priority list is to send Catholic missionaries who will help preach god's true teachings. He will especially have the Pope's support, cause he Hungarian. Poland is asked if it would like to begin to have routes linked up between both nations. Hungary also states to Wallachia that it is glad the nation feels that way and Hungary hopes to build more links with the nation of Wallachia.
  • The Kingdom of Croatia continues to see a large trading boom occur within the nation as it becomes the gates of the Hungarian realms and helps to attract customers and merchants to the nation as well as Hungary. A large numbers of workers has meant that the ports now near completion and will be able to accommodate more traffic as well as build ships at a faster rate. Croatia offers Venice the chance to build workshops on its lands if it gets ships from the docks, too. It will sell Venice the lands to do so. A tariff for merchants trading is also in place but it is put at favourable levels with none for the Venetians due to the new alliance between the states and the amount of trading between them. Sigismund runs the nation through nobles and can run it better being back at the capital at the end of the year.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice accepts this venture and offers to build a small arsenal next to one of their largest port cities (this will take up a lot of land but not even close to appearing on the map), that will be able to carry out repairs but shall be able to produce ships at a reasonable rate (one a week instead of the one a day that the Venetian arsenal can). The venture will also require the sale of land for a large forest. This forest will supply the arsenal with all its wood needs. Other goods will be brought from the Croatian traders, which should boost help the local economy. The arsenal will also only serve Croatia and orders may only be made from the arsenal from them as the arsenal will remain an extraterritorial part of the Venetian Republic.
    • The Croatian nobles, on behalf of Sigismund, are completely fine with the costs - the benefits outweigh the downsides. The Croatians are so confident that their leader will approve, they propose Venice build two of these in their nation, and Croatia will allot all the lands the Venetians require - and if the Venetians need more wood - arrangements for that can also be easily made. The Croatian nobles can also offer a small subsidy to entice the Venetian traders too.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice agrees to the deal in totality and begins preparations to begin construction next year.
  • In Garay, the King leaves in style with a lot of support. Most castles have now been completed, although thousands of workers were killed due to the pace the castle was being built at. It was a harsh necessity - thinks Sigismund. Many nobles from Garay gain land and they use this land to help increase crop yields as well as the amount of trading ongoing between each of the nobles. The money is sent as taxes and used to upgrade the standings of the nobles themselves.
  • In Split, the nobles begin to work on creating standing armies to manage and controlling their lands. Castles continue being built in the vassal while many old ones are completely torn apart and their land allocated for peasants. When the generals arrive with troops, Splitean nobles send a handful to assist as they still need soldiers to help keep order in their recently organised lands. Many nobles in Split are still not happy with their traditional lands being allocated to other nobles and a majority begin to plot against the king. However, a trusty noble is on his way to the King with the secret news.
  • Castile: Henry III in control of the control continues his previous policies of pacifying and restoring the power of King and with support of the aristocracy begins displacing influential but relatively bad people. Along with this, he begins major cleanup of the kingdom's economy setting up a plan that will put the kingdom's finances in order within one or two years, it is completed. The Kingdom itself begins a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Jews are tolerated more, and the heavy sales tax is removed allowing for a growing purchase from people. The Castilians settle the Canaries expanding it by 200 sq km (colony under five years). The Crown begins throwing influence into Genoa looking to debilitate them in any way possible. This is done in secret and is particularly successful with some influential Genoans looking to gain higher profit from Castile rather than Genoa. Castile seeing the need for a better influx of income and less rebellious Muslims and Jews establishes a tax that protects the religious rights of Muslims and Jews as long as they pay this tax. However, this does encourage some new converts who wish to have a few more coins in their pockets as a Christian rather than poorer. The country also begins a more major program of cultural integration creating a series of schools meant to help integrate and get Castilian language and cultural superiority (This is just being finished. Pretty much the entirety of Castile was Castilian culture at this point) Castile also invests heavily into the gold trade running through Granada and seizes this type of trade from Genoa who had previously been running it and per new local laws begins imprisoning Genoan merchants as they are breaking new local trade laws in Castile and Granada. The Infrastructure of the country is improved greatly with better roads being implemented. The Castilian navy also begins to show issues of running into Moroccan pirates and other ships near Gibraltar and begins sending reports to the nobility and the king asking for their possible intervention. Castile also begins to harass Moroccan trade by sinking a few ships. Castilian trade ships begin to travel in convoys with Granadan trade ships as well. The Castilian King implements a royal education system in order to allow for capable rulers and puts his son into the program in order to give him the education needed to rule the country effectively. Castile captures and evicts all Genoan traders for their interference and seizes all their goods for the State. The King now has another child now Three years of age Maria. The Castilians now routing the Moroccan army (last turn) turn and move deep into the country on either end moving on the border with Algiers to man or build a series of Forts. The Coalition troops led by Castile, Venetia (and whoever else, LOL) sack various cities but decide against mass attacks or slaughtering of the populace as standard but instead only kill soldiers who resist. The troops who surrender are stripped of their weapons and the peasants are sent home while professional troops are allowed free passage to the Muslim world. With the end of the war in sight and Castile convincingly dominating Morocco the country is seized and is to be split into yet to be determined states as well as a Castilian area (Gibraltar) and a Granadan area. The country is also up for use by the various coalition partners through trade. With the seizure of Morocco and the direct link to the Saharan trade routes the country begins to buy up gold.
    Labelled split of morocco

    Labelled split with the fixed Canaries colony

    Missionaries aresent to Morocco to convert many of the disillusioned people while they have the chance. The Castilian navy is also expanded with shiprights used to construct five exploration ships and two combat ships. This fleet is used to explore the coast of africa and map it. Castile divides the spoils of war with Naples and Venetia looking to make the war profitable to not just Castile. Castile also accepts the Emir of Yemen in an audience with the king. The Country begins to look into new research for weaponry using some gained finances from the war to look into new cannons and a potential miniaturized firearm. While the cannon is successful in testing the firearm is not and it goes back to the drawing board
  • .Granada: As a tributary state (vassal) of Castile, Granada remains strangely alert attempting to maintain its independence. With large amounts of Muslims the people, regardless of their vassalage to a Christian state, seem relatively calm. Granada in attempt to remain on good terms with Castile begins secretly helping move the gold trade toward Castile and away from Genoa helping to wrestle it from Genoa quite easily. Some merchants, at this point still trying to maintain trade dominance, are executed under a new trade laws. The Granadian military remains relatively alert and begins drills. The infrastructure of Granada is improved as well. The Granadians see a next to no influx of Muslims over this period due to new laws enacted in Castile. The relatively low population of Christians in Granada begins to expand more with Christian immigrant from all over Iberia settling in certain areas The religious tax enacted keeps most anti-Christian groups in check and the rest see it better to leave and go to neighboring Muslim countries rather than a relatively passive Granada. The Granadan trade ships begin to travel with Castilian ones for better protection. Granada begins to show a superiority complex to other Muslim nations and begins showing hostility to Moroccans in general deeming them "lesser" to the Granadans. This has to do with the many secretly corrupt officials who have begun major galvanization of the populace against other Muslim states and enemies of Castile which are now being lumped as Granadan enemies as well. Granadan troops help in the seizure of Morocco and begin to pick out the area in which they could take from the success of Castile's war. Many fickle Granadans, seeing the successes of the Catholic nations against Morocco, convert to Catholicism. However, to gain some increased rights they move to the new territories in Morocco and found a settlement in the Granadan controlled area - one of the first mostly Christian settlements.
    • Hainaut and Holland request that Castile recognize their claims to Brabant.
    • Castile Dip: We will support your claim to Brabant.
    • That division isn't clear, everything is in the colour of Castile so are you getting it all but just telling us how you're getting it all? :L
    • I can change some colors but I was under the assumption that all vassals, settlements/colonies were the same color as the mother nation. That's how it's represented on the main game map. but I can change colors for the sake of it -Feud
  • Oyo Empire: Alaafin Oranyan returns to Oyo after his trip to Europe, bringing with him hundreds of books, materials, weapons, navigators, missionaries, scholars, warriors, and builders, all with the goal of developing the status of his nation in the world. He begins with a law making literacy a requirement for one to requirement for one to remain a citizen within Oyo. Second, he commissions the missionaries to continue their teaching work, but focusing not on the nobles, but his people, who must learn to read the most. Looking at his capital, Oranyan decrees that the time has come to rebuild the city from the ground up. With the support of his people, Oranyan razes huge portions of the city, and with the aid of his European visitors, begins work on a new palace, cathedral and citadel, which shall all be built in line with a city plan Oranyan devised for his new capital. The streets shall be aligned in a grid, and named after great warriors, gods and regions, making travel within the hopefully large city for the population easier. A great bazaar shall be built as well, and the city shall be clean, something Oranyan has made the ultimate rule for the construction of the city. Disgusted with the rats, feces and garbage freely sitting throughout the streets of the European cities, Oranyan has devised a series of canals and designated dump sites where the trash and waste can be deposited, without the fear of the stench killing people. With the canals, fresh water from the local river shall sustain the large population without the need of wells in far-off locations of the city. Multiple barracks are also being built, providing home for his many warriors. With the sighting of hundreds of castles in Castile's barren lands, Oranyan has also declared the need for many castles of those sort built throughout Oyo as well. His dream, however, is to build a great castle-palace such as the one he saw and visited in Avignon, the Palais des Papes, which he wishes to build as his personal residence, as well as for generations to come. With the huge supply of gold, silver, and diamonds located in Oyo, Oranyan believes he shall have no trouble funding these massive building campaigns. He further decrees that all future cities no matter their size, must be planned, and orders that his warriors enforce this law throughout the land for the benefit of his people. While Oyo-Ile is rebuilt, Oranyan draws up a separate plan for Lagos, seeking to transform the fishing village into a great port city. Beginning with the island of Lagos itself, Oranyan wishes to construct a series of harbors and shipyards across the island, as well as a second cathedral for the newly converted Oyo. Additionally, several castles are planned for the city along with a wall to keep it safe from raiders and potential nations such as Benin who may be jealous of the planned city. Oranyan orders the nation to continue expanding 10,000 km to the east along the coastline, as his wishes to prepare a series of cities to house his people for the wealth to come. An industrial boom occurs as a result of Oranyan's foreplanning, and with the business of his people, the Alaafin acknowledges that his warriors will need to stay on alert. While the people build, the warriors train themselves in European fighting styles, equipping themselves with Castilian weapons and armor provided through the trade pact with the nation, and armed with gunpowder weapons, which take much getting use to as the warriors are initially terrified by the great amount of noise produced by the weapon. Iron weapons and armor are equipped by the Eso, and the cavalry come to train with their horses the tactics of Europe. Impressed with the progression of Oyo, Ife continues to be drawn closer to their larger neighbor. The second year of vassalization begins. The warriors sent to southern Africa return to Oyo, and present their maps to the Alaafin, who commends them for their work, and prepares third expedition for them. Before they are sent off, the warriors are trained with new weapons and armor, granting them better protection against hostile tribes. A 120-man group laballed the "Segun" by the Alaafin, the party shall be exploring the lands deep within Africa, and return with new knowledge and maps of the territories they have explored.
  • In Savoy the economy continue growing, and the kingdom prospers. The army hires more mercenaries. With the new events in the north Italian region, the Count sends a letter to the Swiss Confederacy Leader and asks to find a way to solve the border issues. The Count see the opportunity of getting an important position in Italy, and with the blessing of God, he declares war on Genoa. He make a call for all his allies and ask them to join in the war. Piombino continue to improve his navy, and also the economy grows; the army is mobilized to fight.
  • France: The military and navy are built up, the vassalage of Burgundy and Orleans continues, the colony of St Marie continues thriving and economy expands.
    • Angouleme: Military and economy are built up.
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up
  • Austria: We the war in Poland now over we remove our main army and return levies to their homes. We a small force remains in Lithuania as a gesture of goodwill to our newly acquired allies. We train and expand our military using new experience from the war. We also begin developing hand cannons as a future weapon in warfare after seeing its implementation on a small scale. With the first three Bimereiche ships successfully taking up roles in the Adriatic Sea, we commission the construction of two more for use by the Archduke. We begin influencing the states of Salzburg, Gorizia and Patria del Friuli. With our finances now being handled by the Counties of Holland and Hainaut we ask for a formal alliance to ensure that we can protect the counties from foreign raids. Similarly we ask for an alliance with Castile. We ask for military access through the nation of Hungary to better maneuver soldiers in case of an Ottoman invasion of Europe.
    • Castilian Dip: We accept.
    • Hainaut and Holland: agree and request support for their claim to Brabant.
  • Provence: Is given a new impetus to the economy and especially trade, taking advantage of the port of Marseille. Similarly, more mercenaries to protect the royal's territories are recruited. The Count of Provence moves his influence and will control the Anti-pope in Avignon in few years, trying to put an end to the schism. The Count accepts the Venetian proposal and the Roscol Bank. A military alliance is sent to Aragon and Swiss Confederacy. Honoring its alliance with Savoy, Provence declares war on Genoa.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Glad with the developments funds from the Roscol Bank begin to increase the trade power of Provence, investing heavily in trade particularly that with Venice.
  • Anjou: Follows the model of Provence and improves existing military elements. Anjou declares war on Genoa too.
  • Zapotec: Emperor Tlaco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan expands into the surrounding city-states.
  • Hesse: Plans to invade Mainz are scrapped and claims are being fabricated for Hessian control over the Nassau county of Nassau-Weilburg. A trade agreement request is sent to the Saxon Federation. The 1000 men for the Hessen Reserve Regiment is finished. The Hessian Army positions itself close to the Nassau border. The HRR is ready for deployment if need be.
    • H-H diplomacy: we warn Hesse about touching Nassau as that is an unjustified invasion of HRE state as well as an attack on the lands of the husband to be of one of the heirs to the H-H states.
    • Saxon Fed Diplomacy: We accept the agreement.
  • Bayern-Landshut: Bavaria-Landshut expands its military. Heinrich XVI finally vassalizes the lords of Munchen. The duke sets his sights for Bayern-Straubing as well, and begins to similarly request tribute and manpower. In other news, the population continues to rise. Heinrich and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. After the University of Wurzberg is founded, Heinrich's interest is piqued and he begins planning an education system of his own in Bavaria. He meets with his council and decides to pursue the construction of a university in Landshut once the economy can support it. By 1406, the economy develops enough to support such an idea, considering the trade agreement with the French and Castilians as well as banking with Holland-Hainaut. In dynastic news, Heinrich turns 20 this year, and shortly after his birthday, his first child is born. It is a son, whom Heinrich names Albert.
  • Hainaut and Holland request Bavarian support for their claims to Brabant including military support from the senior line of the Wittelsbach family.
  • Wallachia: After a series of victories against the battered Polish army, King Władysław II Jagiełło sues for peace, the war is over. This marks a new age in Wallachia, for the first time it has been able to successfully attack a major power, if only one weekend by war. The king of Poland is forced to sign the Treaty of Sulina which causes Moldavia to become Wallachia’s vassal, and forces Poland into a non-aggression treaty for 25 years. With the troops home the policy of economic expansion continues. Merchants are encouraged to trade with Moldavia, Hungary and across the Black Sea with Theodoro. Salt mines begin to spring up and production increases significantly. The export of salt begins to replenish the treasury after the war. The grand port in Sulina also begins to turn record profits, and Mircea begins to see reason to construct Wallachia's first navy. The envoys in Hungary are ordered to offer a military alliance, and ask if a large road could be constructed between Wallachia and Hungary, through a mountain pass, to boost trade between the countries.
    • Moldavia: Now a vassal of Wallachia the continuation of the "Black Sea Road" continues up the Moldavian coast. Plans are made to build large roads alongside the Prunt and Siret rivers, to strengthen connections with the south, and the trade ports along the Black Sea.
  • The Kingdom of England: The Welsh continue to be met with defeat after the battle of Monmouthshire. Archbishop Scrope of York is executed for allegedly being involved with Welsh rebels. He is the first member of the clergy to be executed. The Welsh fail to take the city of Worchester. The rebel forces are now scattered and on the run. Thomas of Monmouth, last heir to Henry IV and the deceased Henry of Monmouth dies as French forces attack Aquitaine. This leaves the current King, the only member of the House Lancaster in power. The Archbishop of Canterbury reaches out to the French in Avignon as an attempt to reconcile the two branches of Catholicism. The Privy Council, behind the King's back, reaches out to the French for a temporary cessation of hostilities. Ties with Scotland and the Irish states continue to grow. England begins seeing an influx of wealth due to investments in the Bank of Holland and the Roscal Bank of Venice. England, in a gesture of goodwill, calls of English pirates to stop attacking French vessels as part of the cease-fire. Hand cannons are purchased en masse from abroad. The government continues to unify. The Kingdom of England opens talks with Desmond at the English held city of Dublin. The Dublin Conference is convened to discuss the possibility of a new union with the Irish Kingdoms.
    • Ormond: Military is expanded.
    • Westmeath: Military and industry are expanded.
    • Wales (non-rebel): Owain Glndwyr attacks the city of Brecon, but is pushed back by the considerably better prepared and manned English reserve forces. The Welsh church is reconciled with the English branch of Catholicism ending a long standing feud.
    • Hainaut and holland request siplomatic and if possible military support to secure the Duchy of Brabant.
    • Desmond Diplomacy: Before the King leaves Ireland, he goes to Dublin to attend the conferences. We ask, as we are the successor to the Kingdom of Munster, for you to give up Ormond and the rest of your Irish lands save perhaps Dublin, as we are trying to unify Ireland. In return, we are to wholeheartedly support your offer in unifying the British Isles under one union.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Glad for the continued co-operation via the Roscol Bank and further the cessation of privateering by the English, Venice asks if it may set up a permanent diplomatic mission in England, as to ensure co-operation far into the future.
    • English Dip: England accepts the Venetian offer and open an embassy at Three Kings Yard, London. @Desmond While the English are reluctant to hand over the regions of Ormond and Westmeath, The King as decided to permit the Kingdom of Desmond to oversee the territories in exchange for joining into Union with England, and later the ancient land of Albion as a whole. However, we retain Dublin as a Crown city and is to remain adminstered by the Royal Council of England.
    • Desmond Diplomacy: We appreciate you in letting us oversee the English puppets in Ireland, and we agree to enter into a dynastic union with England, but the King of Desmond currently already has a wife. OOC: The FitzGeralds that ruled Desmond do not have a family tree, we only know the kings of Desmond and a few relatives. We also will accept you retaining Dublin, if you dismantle the Pale which separates the area surrounding Dublin from the rest of Ireland, once we enter into a union.
  • Kingdom of Naples: King Ladislaus I continues the reforms. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards, and production of new boats to combat the pirates of the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The king continues sending help to the Papal States so he can consolidate his lands, and also thanks for the blessing of Pope Innocent VII but the news of his death is shocking, and again we ask for the blessing of the new Pope. The king continues sending ships to patrol the trade routes of the Byzantine Empire. The Principality of Zeta, ruled now by Balša III, will become our vassal in one year. The king honors his alliance and sends the army to support Savoy and Provence. Our navy blocks the enemy ports.
    • Ferrara: Improves the economy, and also sends soldiers to war.
    • Mantua: Improves the economy, and also sends soldiers to war.
    • Papal States Dip: The Pope gives his blessing. He requests that Naples cease their war on Genoa, or face the wrath of god.
    • The coalition just deposed the Genovese Anti-pope, in name of God ... The Pope must be happy for this action.
  • Yemen: Just as he was preparing to leave Castile, the Emir receives a message from the King of Castile accepting the Emir's request for an audience. The Emir presents the King of Castile with many gifts, such as coffee, incense and many other goods that the Emir has gained from trade from the east. The Emir proposes the possibility of a trade agreement between the two nations. The Regent finishs implementing policies, but continues increasing the size of the navy and increasing the stability of the realm. The Regent continues expanding into the disorderly fragments of Mecca by 250 sq km. He also continues influencing the disorderly fragments of Mecca. The Regent also starts discussing the possibility of colonizing the island of Suqutra (Socotra in English) and the possibility of a trade settlement in as-Sumal (Somalia in English).
    • Castilian Dip: We will agree to set up a trade route using the existing road through the East.
  • Scotland: With James I being crowned king of Scotland after being released from Henry IV, he continues previous works on helping build better Scots-English relations hoping for a brighter future. Paving is nearly complete in Scotland.
  • Portugal continues a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, João I continues giving grants of land to some nobles to secure their loyalty. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries.
  • Venetian Republic: Venice honours the call to war from its ally Savoy, however, keeps the rest of its empire out of the war, with its already blockading fleet it attacks the coast of Genoa's heartland. It also sends its mercenary forces stationed in Greece to capture the vassal of Kaffa and install a Venetian aligned government. When they land they quickly overwhelm Genoan forces and seize control. Venice states that it cares not about the Genoan lands in Europe but wishes to retain the vassal of Kaffa for itself. (MORE TO COME)
    • Aegina: Develops economically.
    • Athens: Develops military.
    • Corfu: Develops military.
    • Epirus: Develops economically.
    • Naxos: Develops military.
    • Negroponte: Develops economically.
  • County of Oldenburg: Oldenburger forces, helped by their Hainaut-Hollander and Hamburger allies, finally pacify all of Frisia. (According to the map, Frisia is now Oldenburg-coloured. If this is wrong, then I rescind the statement) Frisia is placed under the temporary command of the High Constable of Oldenburger forces (with the Commander of H-H's forces the second-in-command) as military governor. Count Christian V implores the King of the Germans to allow Frisia to be split between Oldenburg and Hainaut-Holland. His Lordship the Count opines that Frisia, having spent so long without proper authority, could not possibly govern itself unless with the help of an extremely costly and long-term military occupation, which would be beneficial to neither the King or his loyal servants (Oldenburg and H-H). Many of the foot soldiers and knights who took part in the pacification return home to their lands, boosting the nation's agricultural output this year. The port upgrade is completed, and already some warehouses are being set up to take advantage of the hoped-for increase in trade.
  • Trier: Continues to expand military. We continue to influence the County of Sponheim. Our forces return home from Poland following the German victory. We begin working to increase relations with all other electors.
  • Tver: We ask for free trade and alliances from our Russian brothers.
    • Muscovite Diplomacy: We accept the free trade and alliance offer, we ask back for a royal marriage.
    • Tver Diplomacy: We accept your offer of royal marriage.
  • Saxon Federation: We ask for a military alliance with Bohemia, an ally in the war in Poland. We continue to add people to our military, with the Anhalt branch growing surprisingly large.economy continues to improve and construction of the university of Wittenberg continues
    • The Treaty of Heilsberg which ended the war made everybody allies in the end (excluding Poland and Lithuania).
  • Papal States: In a move that stuns the world, the Papal States declare war upon ... Savoy! This is out of respect for the late Pope Innocent's attempts to make peace with Genoa. However, we do not go to war with Venice. Our troops are told to attack Savoy soldiers only. All our vassals send aid to Genoa. The war is ended before any real fighting begins due to Desmond Diplomacy, meaning that Genoa is doomed. Instead, we aid the Coalition, and declare war upon Genoa. However, we are convinced by our allies not to, and go neutral. Military expansion continues, and economic expansion as well. (MORE MAY COME)
    • ​Desmond Diplomacy: We are stunned by your invasion of Savoy, a nation that did no harm to you, and the late Pope would not condone a war with Savoy. As your ally, we are to send you aid in the war. However, we would rather break the alliance then aid you in an unjust war that was held for little reason.
    • English Diplomacy: We, too, are shocked by the aggressive and unwarranted attacks by a militarized Papal State. We do not believe this is what God would want and therefore, our conscience is clean. We hereby sever the alliance to the Papal States. We can not tolerate an unjust war.
  • The popular royal government of the Mamluk Sultanate, under the leadership of Nasir-ad-Din Faraj, continues its path of expansion in small Muslim states. As the Jalayirid family is no longer welcome in Baghdad, Nasir ad-Din welcomes the wealthy family into Cairo. Meanwhile, al-Mansur Mostafa Hazem, continues to grow as a young baby, maintaining his health. Meanwhile, Medina is completely under the control of a stable emir, who is closely related to the Emir of the Negev, who helped stabilize the fragmented state. Important to the Muslims of the Sultanate, Medina attracts large numbers of Muslims from around the world since it has been stabilized, growing its economy. After this, the third year of vassalization, Medina is now a vassal. In Makuria, the recently United Nation begins to expand to the east by 10,000 sq km. Alodia is finally vassalized and begins to form a sort of rivalry with Makuria, itself expanding 10,000 sq km, also toward the eastern coast. Both Makuria and Alodia develop closer ties to Egypt and the rest of the Arab world by a moderately successful program which relocates displaced Moroccans in the Nubian states. Bani Sulaym expands south by 10,000 sq km. Ramadan and the Karamans continue to develop good relations as the dynastic link appears to bear some fruit with a young heir to both Emirates being born. Mecca is fully stabilized as the very religious residents accept the Caliph, appointed by the greatest four Imams of the era, as both the religious and secular ruler of their state. It is influenced. Strictly enforced Sharia helps keep the populace under the authority of the Caliph. Business in Cyprus continues, influencing the state economically since the Mamluks are the wealthiest state in the eastern Mediterranean. Suez continues to be developed as a port and the first large expedition carries ex-Moroccan settlers to Socotra, a key trading island. By the years end, and thanks to generous land grants of 1000 acres per person, the island is fully settled. Vassalization of Ifat continues as the Muslim state seeks entrance into the nearest Islamic empire instead of the constant threat of war with Ethiopia. Meanwhile, Ibn Khaldun is released from prison as he gets sick early in the year. Khaldun later seeks an audience with the Sultan and leading Mamluks and convinces many of what he sees as needed educational reforms. The Sultan is willing to grant many acres of Alexandria to create the first "western" university of the Muslim world. The military grows as the Mamluk concept of the martial art increases.
    • You know that a Crusader state subjecting itself willingly to Muslims is almost impossible, right?
  • The Alliance of Four Oirats: Oskemen is 75% finished and blacksmiths are propsering for building horseshoes for horses on cement roads. Cement increases in production. 75% of the road is finished. More beer is fermented and it becomes a popular drink for the nomads. Wheat and barley continue to harvest and for the first time, the Four Oirats lasted through winter with only less than 200 people dead. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward.
    • Four Oirats D to China secret: We would like to take over Chagatai Khanate and we ask for Yongle Emperor's help.
  • Ragusa: Due to the accepted free trade agrement with Bosnia (if valid) the nation prospers. Due to the plans of increasing trading with the Mediterranean, and decreasing the influence of Venice on Adriatic trading the Ragusan Knez decides to send diplomats to Genoa who is a competitor when it comes to controlling trade in the Mediterranean. The Ragusans continue paying their yearly tribute to the Hungarian-Croatian kingdom.
    • Venetian Republic: Venice sends a fleet of 100 ships to blockade and harass Ragusan trade. Venice asks the Hungarians to reign in their tributary state and demands 50 years of sizable repayments from Ragusa for acting against Venice's hegemony in the Adriatic, additionally Venice states that Ragusa must surrender its entire fleet, merchant or military, to Venice and not maintain a fleet until the end of the 50 years reparation.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The rule of consolidation continues, and the economy of the port cities begins to grow after gaining almost completely control over all Orissa's and Arakan's foreign imports. The current Sultan's fever has gotten worse and he continues to be bedridden, and his son currently acts as his regent, but cannot act in his own war outright until he succeeds the throne. Due to the high value of trading going on in the Sultanate and abroad, more farmers begin to add certain "cash crops" such as sugar cane and cotton to their fields, which already grow multiple varieties of staple crops. To counter any large fall in prices due to a larger increase in cash crops, the regent of the Sultan sets up a restriction to how much of certain items can be exported in a certain time by traders and merchants. The military and levies benefit from this increase trade, becoming better armed and armored due to donations from the Sultan to Bengali landed elite, due to more taxable income. The current Regent of the Sultan sends envoys to Orissa and Arakan, asking them to allow Bengali military ships and soldiers to pass through in times of peace and war. (Needs mod response). Poetry and verse becomes more common due to inspiration stemming from the translated epic Ramanya.
  • Hamburg: After a lengthy conversion, five hulk-type ships are fully converted into dedicated warships. Cannons, purchased from allies, finally arrive. Construction begins on defensive structures around the city. Trade increases as the UNC tax is tried to be made up.
  • Florence: The military and economy is expanded as Florence continues to build its infrastructure up with renovations to the city of Florence. With the acquisition of Pisa, the roads to and from Pisa are planned for renovation as well. Vassalization of the House of Este continues. Florence offers its sincerest condolences that it cannot help Genoa in its war due to alliances with both sides. However, they do offer their leader sanctuary if Corsica is given to Florence as a vassal. tl; dr. Oct, if you give me Corsica as a vassal, you can still control it. Relations with surrounding nations increase. An alliance with Hungary is offered.
  • Ulster: Construction of the Castle continues. We continue to expand in all directions. We ask England for modern weapons. We trade whiskey with England, and begin trying to establish a market for it everywhere our traders travel. Whiskey is confined to monasteries and merchants' breweries, but it begins to spread to the masses. We continue to build ships for the fleet, and for merchant fleets. Pirates preying on merchant vessels results in a shift from glorified barges to warships with more cargo space. A town is established on the coastline near the largest breweries, as merchants realise that it is more economical to transport goods straight onto the ships than across land. The military expands, and the booming whiskey trade aids the economy in rising. Ulsterian trade ships enter the Mediterranean, looking for trade opportunities. Vineyards are established throughout the nation, as whiskey traders begin searching for less alcoholic beverages, as whiskey is an incredibly strong spirit. OOC: Grapes grew easily in the British Isles at this time. Many traders turn to the oldest alcoholic beverage, beer, and begin to mass-produce it in vats, from a standardised formula, which makes it a favourite of Tavern keepers, as they are always able to rely on its taste, unlike prior to this, when the flavour of Beers could vary drastically from barrel to barrel. Ulsterian shipwrights begin to produce caravels, as opposed to other, less versatile ships. Ulsterian shipwrights begin to travel on merchant vessels to the continent, hoping to pick up on new designs for ships, especially from the Portuguese.
    • Desmond Diplomacy: As a close ally of yours and a trade partner, we ask if we can trade whiskey and other beverages for some of our crossbows that we are now creating.
    • You can not build caravels until 1450 like OTL and two, you don't have any shipwrights. ~Andrew
  • Andorra: Construction on the castle continues. The Bishop and the Comtesse have set up a road tax for useage between Aragon and France. (France is exempt on paying) Construction on the state funded library is going smoothly and shall be done within three to four years.
  • WTF. Aragon dismisses the Andorran mockery of its might as the Aragonese and French both have other means of crossing the border.
  • Foix: The Comtesse begins studying some old maps from Andorra in preparation for the expedition.
  • Mangut Nivkhgu: Historians were in short supply in the early 1400s - so data for this year is scarce. However, the Nivkh civilization did expand upriver by 1000 sq km. (Also, I REALLY need a Chinese response to my last two turns).
  • Roman Empire: The Roman economy continues to grow due to increases in trade, agriculture and mining. The completion of Nicomedia's new defenses adds new security to the Empire's trade, and the city's population begins to rise. Thebes in Boeotia begins to become a major Roman city, rivaling Corinth and Sparta in its strategic importance. Citing various trade disputes, along with general dissatisfaction regarding the conclusion of the Roman-Genoese War, the Empire declares war on the Republic of Genoa. The Empire's navy and army blockade the Genoese colony of Galata, opposite of Constantinople. Within two months, the colony falls to the Roman army. Much of the trade wealth there is pillaged, and is used to pay the troops as well as fund the renovation of Constantinople's defenses. The Empire sends five ships to the Crimea to both represent the Empire in the war as well as try to take some of the ethnically Greek cities there. Roman ships begin harrying Genoese trade in the Aegean, and some small islands there under Genoese control are raided. The Emperor has another son by the name of Michael.
    • Muscovite Diplomacy: We ask to purchase Genoese colonies within the Crimea and the Black Sea if it has been captured by your war efforts. We also send 1000 troops. 500 mercenaries and supplies to aid the Roman Empire, our Orthodox brothers (indirect support; not joining war).
    • Duchy of Ukraine: We send 1000 troops to aid the Roman Empire in their war (Indirect support; not joining war).
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice regretfully informs the Muscovites that the lands of Kaffa are already under Venetian occupation and will not deal with a backwater nation that works with those who damaged the trade road through Poland with their wars.
    • Muscovite Diplomacy: We were attacked by Poland with reasons unknown and did not want to interfere with other nations affairs. However, they have triggered the event that led to the destruction of their union. Furthermore, we have sent troops to your coalition against Genoa since the Roman Empire is our ally and religious brethren. Our leaders would also like to add this that we're still interested in buying those lands despite your diplomatic insults against us. The offer is that we send money and aid to Poland and Lithuania in order for them rebuild their trade routes, as well as 10,000 gold coins for purchasing the Genoese half of the Crimea. A result of rebuilding the trade routes will mean prosperous trade for both of our nations, due to the fact that your nation will receiving far east Russian goods and we will be receiving Italian goods.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice would not sell a piece of land. And says that it would rather the Russians prove their good nature before the Venetians feel confident in exploring close trade with them.
  • Japan (Hosokawa Daimyo): With the aggressive politics of Ashikaga, the Hosokawa clan begins working on its agriculture, trade with other daimyos and diplomacy. The neighbouring daimyos, Kono, Ouchi and Akamatsu are influenced using diplomacy, trade and bribes.
  • ​Chiribaya: We continue to build our small fortifications and continue to train soldiers.
  • Desmond: Construction on Tomasdun Castle continues. The King attends talks with the English in Dublin, and just after, he leaves on a ship for Britain. He will go to England, Flanders, France, Savoy, Milan, Papal States, and Venice, where he will take a ship back to Cork. We ask to open diplomacy with all these nations, as an upstart nation. Trade cogs continue to be constructed, and trade continues on the two routes. We ask to open formal trade relations with France, Portugal and Venice. Many European advances make their way into the agrarian isle of Ireland, most notably the Open Field System. The area Desmond covers is mostly flat, so this makes the region perfect for this type of farming. Several lords have adopted it. However, a strict limit on grazing animals on the common fields is set, to prevent destruction of the lands via overgrazing over time. Relations begin to sour with the Pope, due to his unwarranted invasion of Savoy, and we are no longer the Papal States' ally. The trader by the name of Burke sets off on his voyage in his cog to Africa. By the end of the year, he makes it to Castilan Gibraltar, with plans to continue south. He hears rumors in Portugal about a rich empire by the name of Oyao that is filled with European-style cathedrals and Catholics. These rumors prompt him to find it. Whiskey continues to grow in popularity, and small amounts are exported to nearby nations such as England and Scotland. We begin to build up our navy and convert several cogs into warships. Some look for better warships, as the cog is a trading vessel at heart and can not be too large. We look to the Low Countries and their hulks, and some wonder if we can convert them into seagoing warships. (Eco-Turn)
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Venetian ambassadors first look down upon the Irish looking to court favour, hearing of them as barbaric people from a wet and desolate island near the Kingdom of England. But after talks, the opportunity for trade is clear, however, and the Venetians announce that they will accept a trade agreement and are interested in an alliance should Desmond be too. A fleet of merchant ships are sent to Ireland to try to start trade. However, they find no port with the proper amenities and capacity for them, worried that the venture will be a massive loss they send the ships to England instead to make a quick profit. The Venetian ambassador offers to build a small port that both Irish and Venetians can populate as part of increasing trade between the nations. The endeavour is risky and so the ambassador asks that the Venetians be able to set and collect the tariffs for the trade through the port so they can recoup the costs.
      • Desmond Diplomacy: We are disappointed that Venice's merchant fleet could not dock at one of our ports, and wish the costs of sending the diplomats to the Mediterranean would've been paid. However, the port of Cork has been renovated and improved for seven-or-so years, and we offer to construct the necessary facilities for the docking of the Venetian navy's merchant vessals. As for the joint port idea, the King thinks it over, as some land would have to be given up, but in the end, he sees it as a great opportunity to improve Desmond's fledgling trade business and to gain valuable innovations from the more advanced southerly realms. We give up a coastal portion of land southwest of the city of Cork, on the southern coast of the island. We see that this event proves that we have much to learn as a nation.
Port City

Region where the joint Venetian-Desmonder port is to be built roughly is circled in red.

    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice begins work on the venture and supplies most of the managers, architects and skilled workers but relies on Desmond and local states for resources. Minor trade begins with the already established ports but it is sluggish and a minute amount (this is really small but would probably still help the capital's economy). By the end of the year a small temporary dock is established to receive resources and has a temporary settlement for the workers.
    • Hamburg Dip: Hamburg offers Desmond a trade deal as Hamburger ships use mostly the same facilities as those of Venice. If accepted, Hamburg also offers to help Venice with port construction.
      • Desmond Diplomacy: The Kingdom of Desmond sees no reason why not to include Hamburg in the deal if Venice is okay with it. However, we would like to point out that the new port is not going to be open to all, but Desmond believes that you are closely enough aligned with Venice to warrent an exception.
  • Cahokian civilisation: The internal and external threats facing the Cahokian civilisation continue to diminish due to the actions of the Cahokians. Political power within the Cahokian civilisation centralises further to Cahokia. With the elite of the civilisation residing there growing in size. Calls for some kind of central authority over the civilisation continue to emanate from certain quarters, now including members of the general populace, with members of the political elite battling to come out on top. Birdman continues his calls for the Cahokian civilisation to become an absolute monarchy, a natural evolution from the current chiefdom system, with himself on the throne. This idea gains some more traction among the elite. However, the current Chief of Cahokia, Great Alligator, whilst in support of this change, states that it should be him on the throne, as he is the current de facto leader of the civilisation and it is by extension his natural right. Trade between the Cahokian civilisation and Moundville civilisation nearly reaches its maximum level for the current time, and is expected to do so next year. Moundville now has a nearly irreversible reliance on the Cahokian civilisation for certain resources not found in the south. This reliance is now noticeable on a daily basis; with the traders of the Cahokian elite now being able to inflate or deflate the value of the majority of the resources on the Moundville markets, which by extension has given them the capability to affect the stability of the Moundville civilisation on a whole, by affecting its economy. They exhibit this by driving up the prices of the dried fish products from the Gulf, whilst lowering the prices of dried fish products from Cahokian lands. This quickly drives many fish marketers of Moundville origin out of business, allowing Cahokians to practically dominate the fish market in the Moundville civilisation. A new effigy mound begins construction next to the Great Serpent Mound, known as the ‘Epic Flying Serpent Mound’; it shall be five times as large as the Great Serpent Mound, as is expected to take ten years to complete. Pilgrimages from the Moundville civilisation begin almost immediately to the site under construction, and the thinly veiled attempt by Moundville to tempt priests away from Cahokian lands is unsuccessful as a result. The settlements on and near the coast of the Great Lakes in the far north of the Cahokian civilisation continue to produce bountiful harvests, bolstered with fish and crustaceans caught from the Great Lakes. These settlements continue to grow in size. The population of Cahokia grows to around 42,500 Cahokians thanks to natural population growth, surpassing the all-time record for any settlement in the Americas, making it the most populous settlement in all of history. Annual crop growth surrounding Cahokia is now stable, and always returns crops of extremely high quality in large numbers. This allows Cahokia and the rest of the Cahokian civilisation to always have a surplus in their food stocks. The trading of this surplus to the Moundville civilisation continues to make them further reliant on the Cahokians. The well-established trade network within the Cahokian civilization allows the various food stocks to be transported among all of the Cahokian lands. Trade routes into the eastern protrusion are strengthened, and more resources are sent to it. The monthly waste removal ritual continues within Cahokia and all the settlements within the Cahokian civilisation. The water supply canal continues to provide a clean and reliant supply of freshwater to the city of Cahokia. Smaller scale versions are built in all settlements in Cahokian lands. The prevalence of disease, and death rate, both within Cahokia itself and the rest of the Cahokian lands, begin to go into freefall. The number of warriors of the Cahokian civilisation grows. The Cahokian civilisation is now seeing extremely fast net population growth. Nearly all high priests of the Southern Cult now reside in the Cahokian civilisation. The high priests in the Moundville civilisation continue to be heavily influenced by their counterparts in the Cahokian civilisation. A massive number of Moundvillians now make annual pilgrimages to see the religious sites within Cahokian lands. Expansion into the gap between the eastern protrusion and main core of Cahokian lands continues, and is expected to be completed next year. The scouts in the north keep their position. The scouts in the east report back another incredibly resource rich bay area, OTL New York Bay. The decision is made to set up a number of trade posts in this area, and resources begin to be sent back to the Cahokian civilisation. The trade posts on OTL Chesapeake Bay continue to send back resources, and grow in size. The creation and stabilization of the Etowah civilisation under the Cahokian civilisation continues, and is expected to be completed in nine years’ time.
  • PrussiaThe Prussians continue to vassalize the nations of Courland, Riga, Dorpat, and Osel-Wiek. The Prussians begin developing their economy to recover from the Polish War. The Prussians resume work on the grand capital city of Marienburg, with Emperor Konrad intending it to be a shining jewel on the Vistula.
  • Masovia: The Kingdom of Masovia also begins recovering their economy, and also begins building a new national army. The Masovians also begin construction of their capital at Czersk.
  • Sicily and Aragon: With the after effect of Martin II's death by the contraction of an unknown disease Charles III is crowned king of Sicily and Aragon. Additionally with support from the new king plans to merge Sicily and Aragon under one name and one line. There is not yet a proposed name. Meanwhile, their hold on Corsica is further consolidated and plans to venture south are made backed by small levies from mainland Sicily.
  • Um—What in the hell are you doing? Sicily and Aragon are the nations of the Scraw.
  • Please be more informed. If you read back they really are meant to be under my control but someone let Scraw share the monarchy with me.
  • The Jochid Ulus' development of the economy and demographic explosion continues. Obran-Osh is fortified, and it reaches 3000 inhabitants. Qazan reaches 2000. Xacitarxan, the Sarays and Bolghar continue to be rebuilt, with natural growth finally occurring for the first time since 1395 in these cities. Seeing the large success of these rebuilding efforts, new cities' rebuilding efforts continue, with Ukek (halfway between Bolghar and New Saray). Large farms on the Ukraine begin to form, populated by Ruthenians, Ossetes and Tatars. A new fortified town is built in the Don River, opposing Ruthenia, to collect and centre grain trade. Its name is Donetsk. Mongol warlords continue to settle as their populations do. The Yamal settlements expand by 1500 sq km north and westward, especially in the Ulus' northwestern edge. The Volga Russians found a new city, Novaya Ustyug, in OTL Ulyanovsk, where they settle. Some Pagans begin to actively resist the proselytising influences of the orders of Muslim and Christian missions. As the Mordovian and Chuvash languages begin to be written down for the first time (in a Mongol-derived alphabet), some of their lore and myths are written down. This begins to establish developed pagan faiths. Ïdegay Khan abdicates his viziership late in the year, feeling he's old enough to retire; the Kurultay unanimously elects his son, Manguday, as vizier. Manguday's children continue growing, and Ïdegay, Shadi Beg's son, continues growing with them while Shadi Beg tours Siberia. Manguday continues Ïdegay's policies of buying handgonnes, but also develops interest on building a navy for transport across the Black Sea. Several Ulus begin to settle in their closest cities, and as large rural areas are left open Uralic and Turkic sedentary chieftains take their place in the kurultay. Seeing the large war occurring against Genoa, Ïdegay poises to take Caffa. Influencing of the Ossetes and Circassians continues.
    • Great Perm's military and economy are improved as the nation is rebuilt. Kolvakvkar continues building, and the first mosque of Perm is unveiled in the nation. Cherdyn finishes rebuilding.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice informs the Jochid Ulus that the Venetians already occupy Kaffa. The Doge states that Venice will fight to defend this land, however, hopes that this land can be used to extend trade and relations into the east. Venice offers a trade deal that is favourable to the Jochid Ulus, in the hopes that they will take this as a sign of good will.
  • THe UNC continues to heavily expand the military and navy. The Order of the Beastslayers is now around 100 of the toughest, bravest, and smartest knights in the THree Kingdoms. In addition to protecting the Crown's person, they also now function as inter-Kingdom peacekeepers, often being dispatched to resolve disputes and solve situations. We warn Lubeck for the LAST TIME. Declare yourself a Free Port for the Crown's merchants, or we will cut off trade and blockade you. (Y'ALL MODERATORS NEED TO PAY SOME EFFING ATTENTION! IT'S BEEN THREE TURNS!) More of the fast Korekor ships are produced. By now, the Crown's merchants' trade throughout Europe, controlling 90% of Baltic trade, 30% of the trade in the British Isles, 20% across Western Europe, and over 10% in the Med. (Please note that the Crown's merchants are not a single group, merely a guild of several hundred traders). We send troops to aid Holland in their secession crisis - but this is just aid, not war.
    • CALM DOWN, GUNS. Yes, you can do your thing.~~Andrew
  • Aragon and Sicily expand military and infrastructure. Martin II's health fails him and he dies in the summer. He is succeeded by Charles III of Navarre, henceforth Carlos III and I of Navarre and of Aragon and Sicily. He begins to attempt to repair relations with Rome. Meanwhile, he continues other things that the Martins did. Troops continue to stabilize Sardinia. Aragon also expands north into unorganized Basque land. The outpost in Libya expands further along the coast. Sicilian merchants venture to Carthage, seeking to make trade relations with the people. They accept, and Aragon begins to sell in Carthaginian ports.
    • You realize that you already have an heir (Peter) and you never mentioned anything about his death did you?'
  • The Ming Dynasty continues work on its Treasure Fleet. The Western Ming Army is recalled from Hama. Qara Del, Korea and Dai Viet all work on their economies. Routine patrols of the Eastern Seas ward away pirates who have begun to turn on Japanese shipping. The Taiwanese colonies are expanded by migration from Fuzhou and Xiamen.

1407

After several invitations by the Yongle Emperor of China since 1403, the fifth Karmapa of the Karma Kagyu sect of Tibetan Buddhism, the Lama Deshin Shekpa, finally visits the Ming Dynasty capital, then at Nanjing. In his twenty-two day visit, he thrills the Ming court with alleged miracles that are recorded in a gigantic scroll translated into five different languages. In a show of mystical prowess, Deshin Shekpa adds legitimacy to a questionable succession to the throne by Yongle, who had killed his nephew the Jianwen Emperor in the culmination of a civil war. For his services to the Ming court, including his handling of the ceremonial rites of Yongle's deceased parents, Deshin Shekpa is awarded the title Great Treasure Prince of Dharma (大寶法王)

In Avignon, the Anti-pope Benedict XIII dies, and an Aragonese cardinal, Berenguer d’Anglesola, is elected as Pope, taking the Papal name of Benedict XIV. Benedict XIV is still deemed an Anti-pope by the Pope in Rome.

Antoine of Rethel attempts to get more support for his claim in Brabant, both in Brabant and outside of it. Despite Antoine requesting the help of his brother, John I of Burgundy, John decides to remain neutral due to being closely related to both claimants (William VI being his brother in-law). However, Antoine manages to get the support of his younger brother, Philip II, Count of Nevers, to whom he promises to give Rethel in case that he becomes Duke of Brabant. William VI now needs to secure support among the Brabançon nobility, while having a far weaker claim than Antoine, which does not help his situation.

The Grand Duchy of Ukraine accepts the royal marriage offer from the Grand Duchy of Muscovy.

Danzig and Lubeck accept the offer from the UNC.

  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows. The City of St Patriksburg’s population is gradually growing. We also started building more ports up north near the unexplored area. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. After researching the hand cannons for a year, we start production for them. We expand north (by 7 pixels) into undiscovered land. We ask for an alliance from Holland and Hainaut to strengthen the Baltic Sea Trade. We ask Muscovy to construct a Kremlin in St Patricksburg. We offer Muscovy 6000 gold coins. We are starting to introduce the Russian language in schools. As more Koch boats continue in production, we are turning few Koch boats into carracks. With only one cannon in the front, and two cannons on each side. This boat will is a few boat of many to come. We continue talking about unifying the Rus’ with Muscovy.
    • St Patriksburg? If this is supposed to be your equivalent to St Petersburg, keep in mind that St Petersburg is a German name that has no place in 15th century Russia. If you are really going to try to have an equivalent, the more appropriate name would be Svjatój Pátrikgrad.
    • CARRACKS IN 1400??
    • Not actual carracks, but you get the idea. I am having cannons put on the Koch boats. I just did not know how to compare them to today's terminology. So I called them by carracks. RazorFangZ14 | Jippasaurous Rex (talk)
  • Hainaut-Holland: Troops continue to move into Brabant and they treat with the greatest care the locals. Wilhelm continues to declare himself the Duke of Brabant, he promises that all the nobles of the region will retain the titles, lands and receive greater rights and say in the running of the duchy if they back his claims. To further back his popularity he promises to move his home of residence to Brussels or to Antwerp to secure the support of the nobles, he also promises that the church will not be permitted in the interfering of their affairs. Dutch traders continue to grow in influence in Western Europe completely expelling all Genoan traders from the region since it is no longer safe for them. Under the orders of Wilhelm, Engelburt van Nassau - as he is now called in the Count's lands - seeks greater ties with UNC, Castile and England who are the major backers of the Counties. More cannons and firearms are produced. The Scandinavian troops sent by the UNC Regent are put to work in helping protect the Counties of Holland and Hainaut while the majority counties troops are in Brabant. Similar promises are made to the nobles of his current holdings to grant greater freedoms to both the aristocracy and to the growing merchant class. Trade with North Africa begins now that it is under increasing European influence. The trade with Venice and Byzantium continues to prove extremely lucrative, as does the banking business which continues to expand in Holland thanks to the trust the major monarchs of Europe have placed in the Bank of Holland. The Universities of Holland and Mons are completed. Production continues to expand in Hainaut, and trade in Holland. Wilhelm promises the same prosperity his counties are beginning to experience will also be felt in Brabant if they accept him as their sovereign.
  • Grand Duchy of Muscovy: Grand Duchy of Moscow: Economic expansions continue. The growth of our nation’s capital, Moscow has been expanding faster than expected due to population growth. Expansions and construction of the Moscow Kremlin continues, as new hand cannons begin to take positions on the walls. Other mounted weapon positions are placed onto the new additions to defend the city. Influence continues to spread on the two states north of our nation, Rostov and Yaroslavl (two more turns for these). Influence is also spread to Oka and Pereslavl-Ryazanski (two nations south of mine; two more turns for Oka, and three more for Pereslavl-Ryazanski). Trade with Novgorod increases the rate of growth of the nation’s economy.
  • Prussia: The Prussians continue to vassalize the nations of Courland, Riga, Dorpat, and Osel-Wiek. The Prussians begin developing their economy to recover from the Polish War. The Prussians continue construction on the grand capital city of Marienburg, with Emperor Konrad intending it to be a shining jewel on the Vistula.
  • Masovia: The Kingdom of Masovia also continues recovering their economy, and continues building a new national army. The Masovians continue construction of their capital at Czersk.
  • The UNC: continues to develop its military and navy. Its navy, now consisting of several dozen warships of the line, is possibly the largest military navy in Europe - certainly in the Baltic and North Sea. With the agreement of Lubeck and Danzig to convert to the Crown's merchants, virtually all trade in the Baltic is now loosely controlled by the UNC, though the CM are not by any means a united movement. They merely get reduced dues crossing the

Øresund , though they have to pay a tax on their profit. We continue to advance into Saami lands. The Order of the Beastslayers continues to keep the peace throughout the Three Kingdoms, now increasing the Crown and the Overlords influence over the Grand Council. With the last remaining trading port in the Baltic not under Crown's merchant command the city of Novgorod, we begin to mobilize the navy and army toward the city - not really militarily, or at least not yet. The economy grows wildly. More Korekors are produced, and a new type of ship, even faster, and barely relying on sails, is now produced.

  • Grand Empire of the Timurid Dynasty: The Empire continues to build domestic projects and roads. The military is built up and more cannons are built. The population continues to boom, and Amjad continues to plan for his reign. Stocking up of food continues. Draka turns six years of age. We continue to influence Multan, Sind and Ladakh, (Year Five). Multan and Sind become vassals. Influencing of Kashmir and Kangra begins. Construction of the Black Sea fleet continues, and it has roughly three dozen warships. The Timur has an incident, with his mental illness forcing him to into a blind rage, giving outrageous orders such as to invade China. It is seen as the begining of insanity for the Great Timur, and in a meeting of his most trusted advisors, it is decided by the Timur himself that he must abdicate, and have his son, Amjad, take the throne as Emperor Amjad I. While still revered as the unifyer of the Empire, he is placed in his palace to live out the rest of his days in peace. The Treaty of Ankara is offered to the Ottomans, which is on the talk page. More may be added later.
    • ​Sultanate of Delhi: Building of public works begins, while the military is built up and the economy is worked on. Investments from the Timurids are helping nicely as well, helping to rebuild roads and connections within the country. Stocking up of food continues.
    • Sultanate of Multan: Military is built up, and stocking up of food begins. The Sultan agrees to build a road to connect Delhi to the Ersincans, as well as allow new traders from other nations.
    • Emirate of Jangledesh: The Emir begins to build roads around the country, as well as military installations and new forts across the land. Food begins being stocked up.
    • Emirate of Sind: Sind begins to build roads around the country, as well as military installations and new forts across the land. Food begins being stocked up.
    • Emirate of Georgia: Building of public works continues, while the military is built up and the economy is worked on. Investments from the Timurids are helping nicely as well, helping to rebuild roads andconnections within the country. Stocking up of food continues.
    • Sultanate of the Eastern Turks: The military is built up, while public works continue throughout the country. Stocking up of food continues.
    • Sultanate of Erzincan: The Sultanate continues to trade heavily with the Eastern Turks, and construction of roads to connect them continues. Food continues being stocked up. Military is built up.
  • Iroquois Confederacy With the Four "Deer" tribes of the Iroquois now unified under a War Chief of the Onondaga tribe, the attacks by the Mohawk and Oneida tribes are met with combined force. While it is still unknown how or if the tribes will be unified, this Civil War is now tearing the Iroquois nation apart, with many raids, the destruction of villages and the death of many innocents. However, the Confederacy has the upper hand in larger population and more land, but the more warlike Mohawk and Oneida tribes succeeding in their skirmishes to inflict casualties on the Confederacy.
  • Hesse: We begin vassalizing Nassau-Weilburg. Meanwhile, our troops are prepared on the border in case Holland-Hainaut decides to do something. A message is sent to Bohemia asking for an alliance + trading. Infrastructure is built up.
  • Swiss Confederacy: We purchase 30 cannons. We continue to build roads, tunnels and infrastructure. We continue to influence the Three Leagues, and several other cannons into possibly joining us. We allow them time to think about a more permanent political, economic and military union.
  • Kingdom of Cuzco: Military training continues. Service remains mandatory. Road work continues to connect the various districts of the city. Food production continues.
  • Principality of Tver: Tver continues to prosper. Protected by any threat the nation focus on economic development and some military elements. Tver invests in some hand cannon skirmishers to support the main infantry and to harass and potential invaders and engineers are hired to come up with possible traps and devices to hamper the progress of such invaders, but most of the money is pulled into improving the economy and infrastructure. Meanwhile in the government itself, there are rumors of Tver becoming an autonomous territory of the Grand Duchy of Muscovy, but no comments so far about this.
  • County of Oldenburg: Now that Frisia is militarily pacified, the temporary government led by High Constable Viktor begins "civilising" the inhabitants. The most modern agricultural practices are introduced, as are a system of regional courts; each run by one of the constables of the occupying Oldenburg-H-H-Hamburg force. In Oldenburg, the economy gets quite a boost as more and more ships start using Oldenburg as a favoured port-of-call. The Royal Guild of Oldenburger Merchants is established, so that Oldenburger merchants can, collectively, make good use of the new port facilities and all the new trade coming through it. Count Christian V re-iterates his call to the Emperor, asking him to permit Frisia to be divided between Oldenburg and H-H, both as a reward for having pacified it, and also as Frisia could not possibly operate as a proper state on its own without large expenditure from the Imperial coffers, as well as a long military occupation by Oldenburg & company.
  • Yemen: The Emir returns to Yemen this year. When he returns to Yemen, he continues increasing the size of the navy and the stability of the realm. al-Ahmad Mohammed turns six years old. The Emir continues expansion into the disorderly fragments of Mecca by 250 sq km. He also continues the influencing of the disorderly fragments of Mecca. The navy continues patroling around the Gulf of Aden, but starts going further south to protect trade interests around the Swahili city-states. The Emir also starts separating the fleets into separate sections. The navy is split into two main sections currently a military section, and a mercantile section. The mercantile fleet, which is mainly in use currently to patrol the areas of interest to Yemen, is mainly made up of ships such as baghlahs. The Emir also becomes interested in naval exploration, and is willing to fund any captain who is interested in exploring the unknown lands. The Emir also continues to discuss the possibility of colonizing Suqutra.
  • Wallachia: Trade with Hungary continues to grow, and the salt mines show record production. The number of loans given by Boyars to peasants has also increased, as regulations on loaning money are implemented. This leads to the beginnings of a middle-class. However, it is still extremely small and only marginally more wealthy than most peasants. Several iron mines also open, and the beginnings of an iron industry start to take shape.
    • Moldavia: The road network is improved, and the fleet used to ensure safe passage for Wallachian and Moldavian cargo ships to and from Theodro.
  • France: The military and economy are built up. The vassalage of Burgundy and Orleans continues. The colony in Lanzarote continues thriving as sailors from all over France continue swarming the region for its trade between the Southern Sahara states and nations as well as the Castillian Canarian settlers.
    • Angouleme: Military and economy are built up.
    • Saluzzo: Military and economy are built up.
  • Oyo Empire: The Alaafin of Oyo is impressed with the construction of Oyo-Ile, with the residental districts of the city coming along nicely. The sewage system of the city is 15% complete, covering most of the inner-city, allowing a clear supply of water to the area, and ensuring that the bazaar is able to supply most of the population with water until more wells can be built at specific locations in the city. A navigator school is setup in the outer districts of Lagos, as Oyo prepares to begin its path toward developing a shipping empire in the region. Missionaries have built a number of monasteries throughout Oyo, as they begin to preach the faith of Catholicism throughout the land. The old animist priesthood of Oyo have been converted into the new priesthood of the several parishes of Oyo condoned by the Pope. All members of the Ikarira are required to convert to the new faith, and do so without problem. However, several members of the nobility have voiced their anger that the empire is throwing away the old traditions, something Oranyan has disputed. They plot to overthrow the Alaafin and return to the old days, something considered outright foolishness by fellow nobles. Some alert Oranyan to the plot, leading to his swift action in emprisoning and later executing the nobles for treason. Aware of the needs of his nobility, Oranyan decides to "educate" the nobles on the purpose behind his modernization programs. After spending an evening with his most powerful nobles, he explains the overwhelming power of the white nations he visited in Europe, as well as the Arab nations that deal with them. Terrified, the nobles agree that the the threat of a foreign invasion from Europe is of more danger than the neccessary sheading of old, yet primitive traditions, which have been holding the people of Oyo back. Elsewhere, the military has progressed greatly in its adoption of European military tactics and weaponry, and already a corps of 1000 gunpowder infantry have been trained up to European standards. The Segun sent off by the Alaafin have returned to South Africa, this time setting up a temporary outpost on the Cape of Good Hope, which shall serve as a midway point for Oyo explorers passing the southern end of Africa. Using a small ship generously built by the navigators and sailors brought to Oyo from Castille, the Segun head up north to continue their exploration of Africa. The hope is that they can sell the maps of the land to the Europeans, who have little information of the land, nor the ability to reach it as of yet. Many of the men are homesick, and are not yet entirely accustom to the ways of the sea. This leads to a slow journey as shore-leave becomes more and more frequent due to the issue. In the city of Lagos, the dock and shipyard are 5% complete. Plans to begin building ships at 30% completion are underway, and the Alaafin has already drawn up a number of ideas for what kind of ships he wishes to build in the future. The growing power of Oyo continues to drawn Ife closer to Oyo, leading to the third year of vassalization.
  • Castile: King Henry now capitalising on his success in Morocco manages to highly pacify the nobility. Taking his most trusted advisors and nobles King Henry allows his son John II named after his father now aged five, to partake in a royal education system built around helping create a stable and capable ruler rather than letting an unprepared monarch from taking power. While this is happening, the trade of Castile now booming shows the economy on a sharp upswing as the flood of wealth coming from the Castilian dominated trade in gold, Ivory, and other precious things coming through the Saharan routes. Along with this the military is allowed to relax and many nobles are allowed to bring their less professional troops home. The King, extremely pleased with his many troops, is surprisingly approached by nearly 500 heavy cavalrymen who camp outside the capital of Toledo. Unable to allow such an action to stand, the King organizes the city garrison only to be approached at the gates. The 500 men are of a new Order of Knights known as the Order of the Sword or the more commonly the Espadas. They swear fealty to the king and agree to be not only his personal bodyguards (following intense training and loyalty testing) but to be the beginnings of a royal army. Henry accepts this and these knights are granted a temporary encampment outside the capital until the city can be expanded to incorporate them. With the war in Morocco coming to a close and the treaty signed Castile pushes its trade outpost and merchants through Morocco, Fez and the Algiers. This allows for Castiles majority domination of the area including the Algiers when it comes to trade. The Castilian navy is improved technologically to incorporate new weaponry and other technology. The continued designing of a rifle continues but remains highly inconclusive. Cannons, however, are now able to be domestically produced. The Christianization of Morocco now split into Fez and Morocco continues with a sizeable population of former Muslim Berbers jumping up due to the failure of "Allah" to provide a victory. Muslims still remain the Majority but it is noticed that Castilians have been setting up churches or converting Mosques into churches. Rather than anger the population, Castile uses only abandoned mosques to be turned into churches. The Infrastructure of Castile is also expanded more. Castile, in order to facilitate more conversions to Christianity, imposes higher taxes on non-Christians in the areas it controls personally or by proxy through its vassals. Castile expands its Canaries colony by 750 sq km.
    • Granada: Granada gaining territory from Castile and Venetias Conflict with Morocco and its allies, begins to settle the area it took more thoroughly but is noticing settlements of Christians popping up rather than settlements of Muslims. The Christianization of Granada, however, remains relatively low as many converts or native born Castiian Christians are going to the new settlements in Morocco. The Granadan Emir begins to doubt his faith in private but maintains public face to keep morale of the Granadan people going. The economy of Granada is improved thanks to the removal of Genoan influence from the area. The infrastructure is improved as is the military's organization.
    • Fez: The new Emirate of Fez begins to reorganize itself and begins working on infrastructure to expand existing cities. The new Emir of Fez addresses his people reassuring them of their futures and with the influx of Castilian merchants he begins to see economic improvement. Fez is allowed a token amount of troops by Castile for peacekeeping. But considering the country's economic situation the Emir is more than willing to focus on the harder issues of rebuilding the country and addressing the issue of rebuilding a population that has been shattered by years of disorganization followed by a war in which their new centralized government was outright destroyed and nearly 50,000 Moroccans killed. The Emir manages to pull together funding to conduct a census and is surprised to find that Fez barely has 350,000 people with many previously leaving, or dying.
    • Morocco: The new Emir of Morocco works on reorganization of the country now split in half. With nearly 500,000 people still around the country looks to the Saharan trade routes and Castilian shipping to bring in an economic revival. This is somewhat successful. Infrastructure is somewhat improved with the funds that can be scraped together and Morocco relies heavily on remaining Castilian troops to provide for its security but does raise a token force of about 5000. The Emir an extremely open man begins looking at ways to gain the further favor of Castile rather than watch his new country live in squalor and searches for options. The Country itself begins to turn inward to mining iron and other minerals for Castile to also jump-start the economy more.
  • Portugal continues a notable build up in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, João I continues giving grants of land to some nobles to secure their loyalty. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Margaret of Navarra gives birth to a girl, who is named Branca. Meanwhile, Portugal accepts the Desmond offer. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries.
    • Castile Dip: We Request to open more trade with Portugal and better foreign relations.
  • Papal States: With our allies having left us, we declare that we are neutral in any conflict that occures in Italy. We request that our alliances with England, Desmond, and Venice be re-established. Military and economic expansion begins. Constuction begins to improve the infrastructure. Farms are made to grow groups, and we try to open trade routes with other nations. We are waiting their response.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Doge states that an alliance is preferred but advises that the Papal State use caution before their next actions.
    • ​Papal States Dip: An advisable course of action. We take it.
  • Japan (Hosokawa Daimyo): The Hosokawa clan issues the creation of multiple shipyards and the building of both trade and military ships in existing ones. With the Japanese pirates roaming the seas, the Hosokawa clan offers other Daimyos naval protection. Alongside the creation of shipyards, the creation of forts is going as planned, with minor setbacks. New tactics are being created to counter pirates and a plan to send out a small amount of colonists to Taiwan is being created. This increases the importance of the Shimazu and Ryukyu daimyos. The Hosokawa clan continues influencing the Ouchi, Kono and Akamatsu clans while adding the Shimazu clan to the list using trade routes.
  • Sicily: The Sicillian fleet carry 2500 drilled troops and advances on Cagliari. Overwhelming force is soon submitted onto Cagliari with frequent reinforcements and Cagliari starts to pave a way for Sicily to install a Sicillian government onto Cagliari. Sicily's hold on Southern Sardinia is consolidated with many estates slowly popping up by individual barons. Meanwhile, the Sicillian port of Syracuse is thriving with trade and the economy is bolstering.
  • Sardinia is Aragonese.
  • Ulster: We decline the Desmondian Offer, as we have no need of crossbows, as we have a large force of longbowmen that will be in service shortly. We make a counterproposal that they trade longswords and armour with us. The alcohol trade continues to grow, and merchants begin to expand their repertoire of alcoholic drinks, expanding into the cider market. The castle keep is almost complete. However, the walls still require more time. The Capital City continues to grow, and Shipyards are established, and a shipbuilders guild is established, and shipwrights begin moving to Ulster from other countries, as there is great demand for shipwrights. The Ulster navy increases in size, as the earl commissions three more ships. The fleet currently has four ships in the water, and five more being constructed.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: As Venetian vessels trickle into the ports in Desmond, some find that they cannot sell all their goods, most manage to sell theirs in the English aligned areas of east Eire. However, still one or two ships every now and again find they still cannot sell everything. Venturing north they find Ulster and even with its minimal facilities they dock and sell their goods. The method of going to Desmond, English Eire then Ulster becomes popular as a route for profitable trading, clever Venetian captains also begin buying local goods and moving them along this route once they run out of foreign goods. The trade route looks like it could bring a strong trade boost to the economies of the eastern coast of the desolate island with Venice providing the facility for better trade logistics. However, an issue crops up that makes Ulster an issue, the lack of a formal trade agreement means that some captains are finding themselves taxed into loss on certain goods. An ambassador for the Doge sends a letter to the ruler of Ulster asking them to sign a formal trade agreement.
    • Ulsterian Diplomacy: We sign the trade agreement. A request is sent to the Venetian Doge, for Architects to aid us in designing a superior docking facility.
    • Desmond Diplomacy: We begin to trade longswords and chainmail with you. However, we are still in the process of fully equipping our armies, so supplies will be limited for a time.
  • Saxon Federation: We influence Magdeberg. We ask to trade with Bohemia and Austria. We continue to build our military and economy. We also continue construction of the University of Wittenberg, which is expected to be finished next year. We work on improved crossbows for our infantry. People begin to show disdain with the Pope.
  • Japan (Ashikaga Clan): We win 3.2% of Toki's land in the war. The Shogun starts to brew his own alcohol and sell it to the public. Trade routes start to increase. Our major trade route is a water route from our nation to Taiwan. We expand our economy by building the first bank of Japan. We build six ships to build up our navy. When the six ships are finished being built all 12 ships will sail to islands off Japan to be taken over. Then the ships will sail to Taiwan to conquer land. We upgrade the military by adding the first cannons to our military. Rice, wheat, millet, and barley are the main farmed crops in our country. Books made of paper were very popular with people of Japan.
    • Could you call yourself the Ashikaga Clan/Daimyo? You don't actually control Japan. SkyGreen24 (talk) 14:25, February 8, 2014 (UTC)
    • OK, I will do that. - Shadow
  • The Ming Dynasty continues work on its Treasure Fleet. The Western Ming Army is recalled from Hama. Qara Del, Korea and Dai Viet all work on their economies. Routine patrols of the Eastern Seas ward away pirates whom have begun to turn on Japanese shipping. The Taiwanese colonies are expanded by migration from Fuzhou and Xiamen.
  • The Alliance of Four Oirats: Oskemen is finished and blacksmiths are propsering for building horseshoes for horses on cement roads. More iron weapons are built and blacksmiths are trying to make a way of smelting better iron. Cement increases in production and the road is finished. More beer is fermented and it becomes a popular drink for the nomads. More wheat is harvested and the alliance slowly becomes more agricultural. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We launch larger raids toward the Mongol Khanate, robbing hundreds of people back to our clan everytime.
    • Four Oirats D to China secret: We would like to take over Chagatai Khanate and we ask for Yongle Emperor's help.
  • Majapahit: Due to the recent wealth, a training project begins to create more disciplined and skilled warriors out of simple peasants. We ask for a trade agreement with all South Asian nations and with China. We also ask for an alliance with China. The colony in Australia grows by 200 sq km. A child is born to Wikramawardhana and his wife, named Rajasanagara, named after the magnificent emperor that made the Majapahitian Empire great.
    • First, you have no colonies in Australia, and also, you are not allowed any colonies until 1500, and none in Australia until 1700.
    • Yeah, this is completely against the rules, sorry.
    • Hey, seriously, you were told by a mod and a well respected player that it was implausible. Don't remove the crossout. That's grounds for a ban. Glad I noticed -Feud
    • That's weird, I didn't cross out anything. And about the colony, I thought that it was for European nations and is it cool to have a tradepost that will not expand but is merely one town? Mr YOLO (talk) 19:02, February 8, 2014 (UTC)
    • No, it applies to everyone. I believe mods haven't been too lenient. So far, I don't see any reason why they would allow you to establish the colony -Feud
  • ​Desmond: Construction of Tomasdun Castle continues. The King returns from his trip throughout Europe much smarter and with several trade agreements to show. Trade continues, with Venice sending several professionals to design the new joint port that is to be constructed in the Kingdom. Cork is expanded to help accommodate Venice's merchant ships, and by the end of the year, several more docks and unloading facilities are constructed. These provide an economic boom to the town, with many moving into it. Naval jobs continue to grow in popularity, notably fishing and trading, and several bartenders purchase Ulster's new standardized beer, and it is a major hit, with many professing allegiance to the taste of it. Modern weapons continue to be constructed, with a portion of the armors and melee weapons shipped off to Ulster in exchange for their beverages as stated in a trade agreement. We ask England about Ormond and Westmeath, and we hope for a formal date when they can be given into our hands. We ask to open negotiations with Thomond, on the topic of reunifying Munster [Mod Response]. We send ambassadors to the northern clans to give them modern goods and protection in exchange for pledging allegiance to Desmond. We manage to attract several shipwrights and merchants to the nation, and they get to work on reforming the nation's navy and economy, respectively. We begin to set those who are gifted in the arts of their weapons apart from the normal levy, and train them in the use of that weapon particularly. Small amounts of plate armor make their way into Desmond from northern Italy, and some blacksmiths try to figure out a way to create the armor. The construction of the Venetian-Desmonder trade settlement is underway, and many people come to construct it, and local deposits of metals and stone are made available to use for it.
    • Papal States Dip: We request that the alliance we had established be remade, under your terms.
  • Hamburg: Looking to break the UNC's near monopoly on Baltic trade, Hamburg offers trade with all non-UNC controlled Baltic ports. It is decided to improve the shipyards to allow larger ship to be built, both to hold more trade goods and for larger warships. Hearing about the Castilian settlement on the Canary Islands, Hamburg debates setting up an outpost on mainland Africa, just outside the Straits of Gibraltar.
    • Hamburg is too small to establish a settlement in Africa.
    • That would be the organized country of Morocco and now a vassal of Castile. Anything below that is just as implausible. You don't have the populace or need.
    • It would be used as a re-supply base, established diplomatically. Even still, notice the words "Hamburg debates" it, showing it's still under consideration.
    • There is ONE non UNC/ non UNC Free Port in the Baltic, and that's Novgorod/ St Patriksburg/ Whatever it's called.
  • The Kingdom of England: The Welsh continue to be met with defeat after the battle of Monmouthshire. Archbishop Scrope of York is executed for allegedly being involved with Welsh rebels. He is the first member of the clergy to be executed. The Welsh fail to take the city of Worchester. The rebel forces are now scattered and on the run. Thomas of Monmouth, last heir to Henry IV and the deceased Henry of Monmouth dies as French forces attack Aquitaine. This leaves the current King, the only member of the House Lancaster in power. The Privy Council, behind the King's back, reaches out to the French for a temporary cessation of hostilities. Ties with Scotland and the Irish states continue to grow. England begins seeing an influx of wealth due to investments in the Bank of Holland and the Roscal Bank of Venice. England, in a gesture of goodwill, calls of English pirates to stop attacking French vessels as part of the cease-fire. Hand cannons are purchased en masse from abroad. The government continues to unify. Weapons and armour are shipped to both Irish kingdoms.
    • Wales (non-rebel): Owain Glndwyr attacks the city of Brecon, but is pushed back by the considerably better prepared and manned English reserve forces. The Welsh church is reconciled with the English branch of Catholicism ending a long standing feud.
    • Crown Dependancy Dublin: Dublin expands its influence and massively rebuild its port to accommodate the influx of Venetian merchant ships. Ulster and Desmondic whiskey becomes a popular export form the city.
  • In Savoy the economy continue growing, and the kingdom prospers. The army hires more mercenaries. With the new events in the north Italian region, the Count sends a letter to the Swiss Confederacy Leader and asks to find a way to solve the border issues again. The Count is happy for the result of the war, and the new land gained; and also the important position in italy. Piombino continues to improve his navy. The new land forms the Duchy of Dodecanese and improves his economy.
  • The Roman Empire: The Roman Empire continues its war against Genoa. Trade ships belonging to Genoa continue to be seized and the ships and their cargo are put into Roman use. The increased war loot and tax income allows the renovation of the capital's walls to take place. By the end of the year, the outer layer of Constantinople's walls are rebuilt to withstand most forms of siege equipment, including modern cannon. The walls of Galata are also rebuilt. To show how fair the Empire has come in just under a decade, the Emperor orders that ten cannons are to be purchased. Six are mounted on the outer walls while four are mounted on Galata's walls and Constantinople's harbor defenses. This new addition to the city will make sieges and blockades harder in the future. In Greece, Latin nobles have largely accepted the current state of affairs living under the Empire, as they maintain, for the most part, their titles and lands as they did before. Thebes and Corinth begin to grow back in prestige, rivaling Sparta as an important Roman city. The Emperor begins making overtures to the Prince of Achaea and the King of Theodoro regarding marriage to his oldest daughter, who turns fifteen this year, and closer political ties. Mod response, please. The Emperor also makes similar motions toward the Empire of Trebizond, although without the marriage offer. Instead, he offers a potential marriage alliance with Trebizond regarding his heir, John. Mod response, please. The Empire also hopes that negotiations regarding the outcome of the war can be done. I will not be available for several hours, I apologize.
    • (​RNG for Achea vs. Theodoro marriage (1-39=Achea, 40-100=Theodoro (the latter gets a higher chance because it's closer in terms of sailing time) Result: 89) The King of Theodoro accepts the offer of marriage and closer political ties. The Emperor of Trebizond is interested in the potential alliance, as he sees the Romans as having comon enemies in Genoa and the Ottomans. Callumthered (talk)
  • Cahokian civilisation: The internal and external threats facing the Cahokian civilisation continue to diminish due to the actions of the Cahokians. Political power within the Cahokian civilisation centralises further to Cahokia. With the elite of the civilisation residing there growing in size. Calls for some kind of central authority over the civilisation continue to emanate from certain quarters, and now a larger majority of the general populace is behind it, with members of the political elite battling to come out on top. Birdman continues his calls for the Cahokian civilisation to become an absolute monarchy, a natural evolution from the current chiefdom system, with himself on the throne. This idea is now followed by the majority of the elite. The Chief of Cahokia, Great Alligator, continues to support this change, but states that it should be him on the throne, as he is the current de facto leader of the civilisation and it is by extension his natural right. So whilst the majority of the population believes this change in rulership should be made, there is debate over who should be granted the throne. Trade between the Cahokian civilisation and Moundville civilisation reaches its maximum level for the current time. Moundville now has an irreversible reliance on the Cahokian civilisation for certain resources not found in the south. The traders of the Cahokian elite purposefully inflate and deflate the value of a number of resources on the Moundville markets. This destabilises the Moundville civilisation, and damages its economy. This leads to the Moundville civilisation to develop an even larger reliance on the Cahokian civilisation. This sends nearly all Moundvillian tool and crop traders out of business, and they are replaced by Cahokian traders. This puts even more markets under total Cahokian control. The ‘Epic Flying Serpent Mound’ continues construction; with its basic outline being mapped out and basic work beginning, it is now nine years from completion. Pilgrimages from the Moundville civilisation continue to the site under construction. The settlements on and near the coast of the Great Lakes in the far north of the Cahokian civilisation continue to produce bountiful harvests, bolstered with fish and crustaceans caught from the Great Lakes. These settlements continue to grow in size. The population of Cahokia grows to around 45,000 Cahokians thanks to natural population growth, surpassing its own record as the most populous settlement in the Americas of all-time once again. Annual crop growth surrounding Cahokia continues to be stable, and always returns crops of extremely high quality in large numbers. This allows Cahokia and the rest of the Cahokian civilisation to always have a surplus in their food stocks. The trading of this surplus to the Moundville civilisation continues to make them further reliant on the Cahokians. The well-established trade network within the Cahokian civilization allows the various food stocks to be transported among all of the Cahokian lands. Trade routes into the eastern protrusion are strengthened once again, and more resources are sent to it. The monthly waste removal ritual continues within Cahokia and all the settlements within the Cahokian civilisation. The water supply canal systems within the Cahokian civilisation continue to provide a clean and reliant supply of freshwater to all Cahokians. The prevalence of disease, and death rate, both within Cahokia itself and the rest of the Cahokian lands, continues to freefall. The Cahokian civilisation is continuing to see extremely fast net population growth. The number of warriors of the Cahokian civilisation grows, and the bands they are organized into become more controlled. Nearly all high priests of the Southern Cult continue to reside in the Cahokian civilisation. The high priests in the Moundville civilisation continue to be heavily influenced by their counterparts in the Cahokian civilisation. A massive number of Moundvillians continue to make annual pilgrimages to see the religious sites within Cahokian lands. Expansion into the gap between the eastern protrusion and main core of Cahokian lands is completed. The scouts in the north stay in position, and are joined by the scouts from the east who have finished scouting in their area. This leads to a fairly substantial Cahokian force being found among the lands of the Iroquois, and as a result they are capable of building temporary defenses to hold their position. The trade posts on OTL Chesapeake Bay and OTL New York Bay continue to send back resources, and grow in size. A number of mound settlements are built around the trade posts, to house the families of the traders. The creation and stabilization of the Etowah civilisation under the Cahokian civilisation continues, and is expected to be completed in eight years’ time.
  • Bayern-Landshut: Bavaria-Landshut expands its military. Heinrich XVI continually vassalizes Bayern-Straubing as well as influences the lords of Bayern-Ingolstadt. In other news, the population continues to rise. Heinrich and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. After the University of Wurzberg is founded, Heinrich's interest is piqued and he begins planning an education system of his own in Bavaria. He meets with his council and decides to pursue the construction of a university in Landshut once the economy can support it. By 1407, the economy develops enough to support such an idea, considering the trade agreement with the French and Castilians as well as banking with Holland-Hainaut. In dynastic news, Queen Isabell gives birth to a son, whom she names Charles after her former lord, the King of France. Heinrich XVI formally supports Wilhelm of Holland-Hainaut and his legitimate claim over Brabant. 300 cavalrymen are sent to Holland.
  • ​Chiribaya: We continue to build our small fortifications and continue to train soldiers.
  • Provence: Is given a new impetus to the economy and especially trade, taking advantage of the port of Marseille. Similarly, more mercenaries to protect the royal's territories are recruited. The Count of Provence moves his influence and will control the Anti-pope in Avignon in few years, triying to put an end to the schism, and after this war, this mission will be complete. The Count starts the influence on Britanny. A military alliance is sent to Aragon and Swiss Confederacy, and also reafirm the alliance with Naples, Savoy, Venice and the Roman Empire.
  • Anjou: Follows the model of Provence and improves existing military elements.
  • Sardinia: The stability of the island is main goal of the Count, and for this the administration become more like Provence.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The rule of consolidation continues, and the economy of the port cities begins to grow after gaining almost completely control over all Orissa's and Arakan's foreign imports. The current Sultan's fever has gotten worse and he continues to be bedridden, and his son currently acts as his regent, but cannot act in his own war outright until he succeeds the throne. Due to the high value of trading going on in the Sultanate and abroad, more farmers begin to add certain "cash crops" such as sugar cane and cotton to their fields, which already grow multiple varieties of staple crops. To counter any large fall in prices due to a larger increase in cash crops, the regent of the Sultan sets up a restriction to how much of certain items can be exported in a certain time by traders and merchants. The military and levies benefit from this increase trade, becoming better armed and armored due to donations from the Sultan to Bengali landed elite, due to more taxable income. The current Regent of the Sultan sends envoys to Orissa and Arakan, asking them to allow Bengali military ships and soldiers to pass through in times of peace and war. (Needs mod response). Poetry and verse becomes more common due to inspiration stemming from the translated epic Ramanya.
    • Bengali (mod) diplomacy: Orissa agrees, as it feels threatened by the Sultanate.
    • Arakani (mod) diplomacy:' Threatened by Hanthawaddy, but more by Bengal, Arakan declines the offer.
  • Ottoman Empire: the Sultan is surprised that the Timurids have finally put down their arms, and finally decides to sign the Treaty of Ankara. He indeed plans to vassalize the surrounding Middle East nations, beginning with the Karamanids that the rest fall. He also begins to move the majority of the troops from the Timurid border toward Serbia, in order to fortify the border with Hungary which the Sultan believes may attack soon. Many are also sent to small nation states near the Adriatic sea, in order to begin expanding their influence west.
  • Florence: Florence increases its military and economy. The infrastructure is built up as the vassalization of the House of Este continues.
  • The popular royal government of the Mamluk Sultanate, under the leadership of Nasir-ad-Din Faraj, begins to end it expansion and focus more on consolidation. The young Burji heir, al-Mansur Mostafa Hazem, continues to grow as a young child, and ad-Din and his Jaralyirid wife have another son. ad-Din declares that the firstborn will inherit the sultanate. The vassal states of Medina and Mecca both grow economically as millions complete the Hajj every year. Mecca is influenced, and is now a vassal. In a highly publicized event, the Caliph declares the official Hajj to also include the cities of Cairo and Jerusalem. Both states also expand 10,000 sq km each into al-Najd, working to integrate Bedouins into the mainstream of Islamic society. In Makuria, the united nation begins to expand to the east by 10,000 sq km. Alodia is also expands by 10,000 sq km, toward the eastern coast in order to keep up with their Makurian rivals. Both Makuria and Alodia develop closer ties to Egypt and the rest of the Arab world by a moderately successful program which relocates displaced Moroccans in the Nubian states. Bani Sulaym expands south by 10,000 sq km. Ramazan and the Karamans continue to develop good relations as they develop closer and begin to integrate preceding the upcoming heir's ascension. Business in Cyprus continues, influencing the state economically since the Mamluks are the wealthiest state in the eastern Mediterranean. Suez continues to be developed as a port and the second large expedition to come from the port carries even more ex-Moroccan settlers to other islands of the Red Sea. Socotra begins to be brought up to the standards of the rest of the Sultanate and a distinct Moroccan zest begins to be noticed. Vassalization of Ifat is finished as the Muslim state seeks entrance into the nearest Islamic empire instead of the constant threat of war with Ethiopia. It expands by 10,000 sq km to fill in the gap between Ethiopia and Ifat. Ibn Khaldun leads development of the university being built in Alexandria. He amasses both a huge library and a stellar faculty, drawing not only from the Arab but also from the Western and Oriental worlds. The economy grows as the Mamluk population undergoes a boom.
  • Venetian Republic: The proposals to improve the structure of the Roscol Bank are put forward, it is the creation of a new type of business entity combined with a consolidation of new practices such as double-entry bookkeeping and frameworks and regulations concerning debt and credit. The new business structure is known in Vèneto as a "Sigiƚàr Collegantia". It is a form of partnership that allows several limited partners to create an entity that holds their wealth, then they hold a vote concerning the entity proportional to the weight of their wealth introduced. They elect a person (who may or may not be one of the limited partners to be "Proveditór" to run the entity, hire employees and bind the entity. They also elect a different person (who may or may not be one of the limited partners) to be "Sorastàròmo" to supervise the Proveditór and audit all the actions they and the entity take, including hiring employees to assist them in carrying out their duties. Finally the entity is given a name and a unique seal under which it may only operate.
    Partners and their starting wealth introduced, nominated Proveditór, nominated Sorastàròmo, the name and seal are all recorded on a single document, additional clauses can also be added to created by-laws for the entity. This is then taken to a government official and signed by all the limited partners, the nominated Proveditór and nominated Sorastàròmo and given a seal of approval by the official granted power to do so. Afterward, the documents information is copied and filed, the seal and name are carefully documented to ensure the security of the information.
    These things can of course change over time and so every time one of these key characteristics changes (e.g. the death of a Sorastàròmo and the subsequent nomination) a document has to be made and sent to a government official who alters the files on the entity, keeping them updated. When one is dissolved a document of dissolution must be sent to the government official, the files are kept but the name and seal are recorded as now invalid for operations. These entities are granted very liberal abilities to self-govern and their property is considered both under Venetian protection and a form of sovereignty.
    The new structure is seen as interesting but still met by hesitation and criticism. The Roscol Bank immediately transfers to this form of business, and many await to see whether it develops well.
    In the black sea, the colony of Kaffa is pacified and a Governor General is put in charge until it is properly secured. The colony seems to have fallen into disrepair under the Genoans and so the first course of action is to rebuff basic coastal and land defences, hoping to increase security felt by locals and also therefore their liking for the new Venetian government.
    • Aegina: Develops economically.
    • Athens: Develops military.
    • Corfu: Develops military.
    • Epirus: Develops economically.
    • Kaffa: Develops military.
    • Naxos: Develops military.
    • Negroponte: Develops economically.
  • Andorra: Seeing as the bishop aligned with the Anti-pope in Avignon the people of Andorra have been planning a secret revolt and assassinated the Bishop of urgell.
    • You realize that they'll just elect another, right?
  • Foix: The Comtesse decides to send two emissaries, one to Aquitaine which is ruled by England and one to Aragon to ask to discuss the purchase of coastal lands. The Comtesse saw the revolt of the people of Andorra a great opportunity to merge her lands with Andorra and appoint herself Queen of Andorra.
    • Foix is still a vassal of France. You are essentially rebelling against France by doing that.
  • Aragon and Navarre expand military. Sardinia is fully stabilized. Expansion into Libya continues. Economic influence over Carthage continues to expand. Trade arrangements are signed with the leader of Carthage. The navy begins to be improved. I have found a way to resolve my whole succession nonsense with Sicily. So, here's how it'll work. Peter is currently nine (ten?) years old. His regent will be Charles III of Navarre. Once he comes of age (15), he will become the king of Sicily and Charles of Navarre and Aragon. Sicily will just be Sicily and Aragon will cease claiming Sicily. May God damn European succession problems and other users messing your shit up to hell. That is all.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund continues to organise the lands of Bosnia into a more efficient system for his nobles. He hopes to achieve maximum control over the lands through his nobles and he promotes their attempts to get the peasants to work more efficiently. He would like a surplus amount of food to be harvested so that he can help feed all of his nation as well as store up food for the future years when things might not be as good. His reforms are showing promise and he hopes they will be successful by next year. His expedition force in Banu Sulaym begins to stabilise the nation with the help of the leader's soldiers too - and they begin to help fortify many regions against the Mamulk threat. Another 30 new ships have been produced by the dockyards of Croatia, as the pace picks up but money is still needed for other things and so not as many ships are built. Merchant ships continue to travel past Gibraltar but an experienced diplomat is sent by Sigismund to talk to Castile about the whole problem with the merchant ships and asks to meet with the King of Castile. A small number of naval vessels patrolling the coast for an invasion, but this grows with more ships arriving from docks the fleet off the coast strengthens. Merchant ships now use Byzantine ports to trade and earn money in, helping expand the influence of Hungarian merchants. The construction of the castles in the north finally finishes - a smaller result than was originally planned due to the fact that Poland is now an ally and not a potential threat. These castles will now act mainly as checkpoints between the two nation as merchants trade and the armies head north or south. Sigismund is very glad that the Poles have accepted his diplomatic offer and he now begins to look to expand on the alliance to make both nations as powerful as he can. He is not sure of the intentions of other nations and wants his nation and ally to be strong as possible. He has joint army secessions for both nations as they practice with each other to learn each other's strengths and weaknesses. Diplomats now head out to other nations in a bid to expand upon economic links and help the nation develop more routes and trading partners to try to gain more money flowing into the coffers. Fortifications on the Ottoman border continue and Slavs die in the thousands. The Bosniac workforce continues to be used to build heavy fortifications against the Ottoman border and the nation is trying to build as much as it can. Sigismund continues to ensure the nobles control their lands properly and he begins plans to hold a "council of esteemed nobles" to hear their thoughts and opinions and perhaps run his nation in a better fashion. He is impressed with the Croatian nobles and he personally applauds their actions and diplomacy with Venice. He also personally heads down to his troublesome vassal to deal with the issue.
  • The Kingdom of Croatia continues to see a large trading boom occur within the nation as it becomes the gates of the Hungarian realms and helps to attract customers and merchants to the nation as well as Hungary. A large numbers of workers has meant that the ports now near completion and will be able to accommodate more traffic as well as build ships at a faster rate. Croatia offers Venice the chance to build workshops on its lands if it gets ships from the docks, too. It will sell Venice the lands to do so. A tariff for merchants trading is also in place but it is put at favourable levels with none for the Venetians due to the new alliance between the states and the amount of trading between them. Sigismund runs the nation through nobles and can run it better being back at the capital at the end of the year. The areas for the new Venetian workshops are cleared and a small subsidy for Venetian traders is put in place, which begins to entice hundreds of them to arrive and help in the construction through trading.
  • In Garay, the King leaves in style with a lot of support. Most castles have now been completed, although thousands of workers were killed due to the pace the castle was being built at. It was a harsh necessity - thinks Sigismund. Many nobles from Garay gain land and they use this land to help increase crop yields as well as the amount of trading ongoing between each of the nobles. The money is sent as taxes and used to upgrade the standings of the nobles themselves.
  • In Split, the nobles begin to work on creating standing armies to manage and controlling their lands. Castles continue being built in the vassal while many old ones are completely torn apart and their land allocated for peasants. Sigismund hears of the plot against him, and quickly dispatches his generals and soldiers to deal with them while they are unready. The nobles are caught completely unaware and are easily defeated and executed. The loss of soldiers lives was minimum as they were very few soldiers due to the fact the nobles could not amass enough soldiers quickly after they heard the news the King's soldiers were coming.
  • The Kingdom of Poland sees the beginnings of recovery as Hungarian merchants arrive in full force to trade within the nation and help provide the things the common man of Poland so badly needs. This helps to begin to bring the economy out of the drain and Sigismund begins to organise large loans for Poland, which the current King of Poland appreciates and hopes it will get his economy moving again. To make sure more trading occurs, the Polish King slightly lowers tariffs for Hungarian merchants. Their troops train with Hungarian troops too.
  • Kingdom of Naples: King Ladislaus I continues the reforms. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards, and production of new boats to combat the pirates of the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The king continues sending help to the Papal States so he can consolidate his lands. The king continues sending ships to patrol the trade routes of the Byzantine Empire. The Principality of Zeta, ruled now by Balša III, is now our vassal. The army take Genoa. Our navy blocks the enemy ports.
    • Ferrara: Improves the economy and also sends soldiers to war.
    • Mantua: Improves the economy, and also sends soldiers to war.
    • Zeta: Improves the economy, and also sends soldiers to war.
  • Zapotec: Emperor Tlaco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan expands into the surrounding city-states. Having reached the easternmost border of the Zapotec, he begins to expand influence north along the gulf coast.

1408

Natives of the OTL Lake Superior area begin to use the copper and iron in the region, and begin crafting jewelry as well as some weapons with it. They begin spreading their knowledge to other tribes in the region.

Timur the Lame, 72, while already sick mentally, becomes ill with an unknown disease, forcing him to be confined to his palace most of the time.

The Quimbaya and Muisca civilizations in OTL Antioquia and Cundinamarca in Colombia begin developing ever larger cacicazgos, which seem to indicate increasing centralization.

The King of the Romans [Rupert III of the Palatinate] receives the Oldenburger request, and allows Oldenburg's request as long as Holland agrees with the division.

  • Grand Empire of the Timurid Dynasty: The Empire continues to build domestic projects and roads. The military is built up and more cannons are built. The population continues to boom, and Amjad continues to plan for his reign. Stocking up of food continues.. Draka turns seven years old. The population continues to boom. We continue to influence Ladakh, (Year Six). Influencing of Kashmir and Kangra continues (year two). Construction of the Black Sea fleet continues, and it has roughly four dozen warships. The Timur has a medic appointed outside his doors at all times. More may be added later.
    • ​Sultanate of Delhi: Building of public works continues, while the military is built up and the economy is worked on. Investments from the Timurids are helping nicely as well, helping to rebuild roads and connections within the country. Stocking up of food continues.
    • Sultanate of Multan: Military is built up, and stocking up of food continues. The Sultan agrees to build a road to connect Delhi to the Ersincans, as well as allow new traders from other nations.
    • Emirate of Jangledesh: The Emir continues to build roads around the country, as well as military installations and new forts across the land. Food continues being stocked up.
    • Emirate of Sind: Sind continues to build roads around the country, as well as military installations and new forts across the land. Food continues being stocked up.
    • Emirate of Georgia: Building of public works continues, while the military is built up and the economy is worked on. Investments from the Timurids are helping nicely as well, helping to rebuild roads and connections within the country. Stocking up of food continues.
    • Sultanate of the Eastern Turks: The military is built up, while public works continue throughout the country. Stocking up of food continues.
    • Sultanate of Erzincan: The Sultanate continues to trade heavily with the Eastern Turks, and construction of roads to connect them continues. Food continues being stocked up. Military is built up.
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: Influence continues to spread on the two states north of our nation, Rostov and Yaroslavl (one more turn for these ‘till vassalage). Influence is also spread to Oka and Pereslavl-Ryazanski (Two nations south of mine; one more turn for Oka, and two more for Pereslavl-Ryazanski 'til vassalage). We would like to propose to the current Hungarian king a defensive military alliance against the Ottoman Empire, in the case of an attack against Eastern Europe by the Ottomans in an effort to defend both of our nation’s religion and interests. If the alliance is accepted we will send 3000 troops and supplies in the case of a sudden invasion. More troops will be sent if required. Economic expansion continues. Multiple Zvonnistas are constructed on the Moscow Kremlin and walls protecting the city, in order to communicate with guards and protectors of the city in the case of an attack. Bardiches, long poleaxes have been issued to the military.
    • The Hungarian King Sigismund isn't a fan of the Ottomans and quickly accepts the Moscovian offer. It will help reduce the strain on his economy and provide a greater morale boost to his soldiers. He hopes this will check the Ottomans.
    • Muscovite Diplomacy: 3000 troops have been sent to King Sigismund's under his command. If the Ottomans declare war, we will immediately join.
  • Andorra: Andorra sends an emissary to Castile to ask for alliance. Andorra then marches its very small army into Aragon to set up for an attack.
    • Castilian Dip: We agree.
  • The Kingdom of England: The Welsh continue to be met with defeat after the battle of Monmouthshire. Archbishop Scrope of York is executed for allegedly being involved with Welsh rebels. He is the first member of the clergy to be executed. The Welsh fail to take the city of Worchester. The rebel forces are now scattered and on the run. Thomas of Monmouth, last heir to Henry IV and the deceased Henry of Monmouth dies as French forces attack Aquitaine. This leaves the current King, the only member of the House Lancaster in power. The Privy Council, behind the King's back, reaches out to the French for a temporary cessation of hostilities. Ties with Scotland and the Irish states continue to grow. England begins seeing an influx of wealth due to investments in the Bank of Holland and the Roscal Bank of Venice. England, in a gesture of goodwill, calls of English pirates to stop attacking French vessels as part of the cease-fire. Hand cannons are purchased en masse from abroad. The government continues to unify. Weapons and armour are shipped to both Irish kingdoms. Percy and Henry of Wales defeat Owain Gydwyr at Aberystwyth. Routed he is pushed back to his last remaining stronghold in Wales. Defeat is inevitable. The Kingdom of England begins to formally the process of unifying the isles. France is approached without the King's knowledge in a proposal to end this mad war. The King's popularity plumets as he begins to go insane, he recently begins to accuse members of the parliament for trying to depose him. In a fit of rage he orders parliament disbanded. The House of York begins to use this as an excuse to replace the king. Things begin getting tense.
    • Wales (non-rebel): Owain Glndwyr attacks the city of Brecon, but is pushed back by the considerably better prepared and manned English reserve forces. The Welsh church is reconciled with the English branch of Catholicism ending a longstanding feud.
    • Crown Dependancy Dublin: Dublin expands its influence and massively rebuild its port to accommodate the influx of Venetian merchant ships. Ulster and Desmondic whiskey becomes a popular export from the city.
  • Principality of Tver: Tver officials have decided to create/update a road system through Novgorod and connecting Muscovy. Of course this road system centers around Tver, and branches from the ports of Novgorod all the way down to Ukraine. Such a road system will take some time to create, but once created it will improve the economy of Novgorod, Muscovy and Tver.
    • Novgorod Dipomacy: We support the idea of a road system connecting Novgorod, Muscovy and Tver. We also send workers to help in the labor of the road system.
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows. The City of St Patriksburg’s population is gradually growing. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. We expand north (by 7 pixels) into undiscovered land. We are looking into the idea that having Koch boats slightly modified in order to fire hand cannons off the ship. Somewhat similar to the shape of a carrack. We removed the cannons off our previous boats, since it was not as efficient as we thought it would be. Though the idea was a failure, we are currently researching and designing a koch boat that will be able to support hand cannons and regular cannons. We ask of an alliance from Holland and Hainaut to strengthen the Baltic Sea Trade. We continue talking about unifying the Rus’ with Muscovy. More schools are introducing the Russian language to the children in the nation. We start building the Kremlin in St Patriksburg and ask Muscovy for support. We ask for a defensive alliance with Hungary in order to protect Eastern Europe from the Ottoman Empire.
    • Muscovite Diplomacy: With The United Nordic sending troops near the border of Novgorod we send 20,000 troops to defend the nation and our faithful ally at all costs and will immediately join in the event of a war if need be. We ask for our allies of the Teutonic Order, Bohemia, Austria, Mecklenberg, Koln, Saxony, Pskov, Trier, and the Swiss Confederacy to send aid in the event of war. Our king also asks the states of Hungary and Wallachia, two nations that share our religious beliefs to help us against this threat that could potentially overthrow the Eastern Orthodox Church. The whole of the Hanseatic League is also requested to aid against a possible attack of this magnitude from the Nordic Crown.
    • Bohemian Diplomacy: We reply to Muscovy’s request of aid and sent 4000 troops as well as supplies to Novgorod. If war erupts we will immediately join.
    • Ukrainian Diplomacy: We send 5000 troops in order to aid Novgorod in the event of war and also vow to join Novgorod's side in the case of an armed conflict.
    • Novgorod Diplomacy: We thank you for the aid.
    • Koln Diplomacy: We send to Novgorod 1000 troops in the case of an attack and vow to join the possible war against the UNC.
    • Tver Diplomacy: We send 600 troops and aid, weapons to Novgorod to support them in case of war.
    • The Hungarian King sends 700 troops to back up Moscovy and as a thank you for their support against the Ottomans. However, he hopes Moscovy recognises Poland is no threat to them and sided with Hungary.]
    • Muscovite Diplomacy: We thank Hungary for their support and send another 1000 troops and supplies as aid against possible war with the Ottomans. Furthermore, we don't recognize Poland as a threat to our nation.
    • Wallachian Diplomacy: The voivode thanks Muscovites for thier support against Ottoman aggression, and pledges to assist Muscovy and Hungary in the defense of Eastern Othodoxy from other faiths.
    • Pskov Veche decides that the Pskovians will stand by their Russian borthers in case of war, and have their eyes on the

Øresund

...
  • Wallachia: All eyes in the capital of Wallachia, Curtea de Argeș, turn south as the Ottoman forces grow in the Balkans. The infrastructure of Wallachia becomes a priority, as it will allow troops to move quickly in the event of war. Roads are constructed down the banks of rivers and across the border to Moldavia. The Muscovites, Venetians, Romans, Theodorians, and Poles are asked for alliances against Ottoman aggression, and trade proposals are sent to the Muscovites and Theodoro. (A mod ruling is needed for Theodoro).
    • Moldavia: An expansion of the navy is ordered, and the ten antiquated and small galleys currently in use are upgraded with modern sail configurations, and a single very large Springald, in addition to conventional ranged weapons. The Springalds are 16 ft (5 m) long and capable of hurling a 7 lb (3.2 kg) projectile over 190 ft (60 m), or lighter bolts even farther. The bolts can be wrapped in tar soaked rags, which are capable of igniting enemy ships. The keels of two more galleys are laid, though without help from a more advanced power they will remain antiquated in design. After gaining the consent of the Wallachian crown, the Venetians are asked for help in the modernization efforts, as they are master shipbuilders.
    • Muscovite Diplomacy: We accept your alliance offer and trade offer.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice agrees to the alliance in defence against the Ottomans with the Wallachians. Venice sends a master shipbuilder to assist the Moldavians.
  • Roman Empire: The Empire begins to use the assets obtained from the war with Genoa to improve its situation. The wealth and warships obtained from the war are put to use, and the addition of the warships makes the Empire a powerful naval force once again, but still in the shadow of the Italians. The wealth is used to rebuild the inner walls of Constantinople, and like the outer walls, six cannons are bought to man them. The new Roman town of Galata begins to turn a profit for the Empire as its trade income now flows directly into the capital uninterrupted. The Roman navy also occupies the city of Famagusta in Cyprus, formerly owned by Genoa. The Empire negotiates ownership with Cyprus regarding the city and promises more fair trade practices and more of the trade income going to Cypurs. The Emperor travels to Cembalo to organize and attend the wedding of his daughter to Alexandros of Theodoro. The Empire also begins stressing common ground with with Trebizond, pointing out their similar culture, history, political structure, and positive relations with Venice. Trade relations with Trebizond increase. Let me know if there are issues here. I have been kinda out of it for a while, due to the weather.
    • Just so you know all the areas in the Crimean peninsula that were Genoan are now Venetian, so technically you're slowly trying to conquer me :L
    • Well, can I get some land from this war, as I was promised something for my aid in the fight, which was specifically the Crimea, but apparently not ...
    • I didn't promise you the Crimea, I'm sorry that someone falsely made you that promise but the land was what I gained for my part.
    • I never said you promised, all I said was that I was promised. Naples in particular said that I would gain the Crimea for my part in the war, but somehow Savoy got the rights to it and gave it to you. I'm a little irked by this, but I don't blame you.
    • What about you divide Crimea in two? Quashi (talk) 18:14, February 9, 2014 (UTC)
    • Well, that is what I was trying to do in this post, as these two cities are in the southern part, not the eastern part, where Caffa is, but apparently Savoy gave all of Crimea to Venice, so unless Venice agrees, it won't happen.
  • Pskov: Continues to be an economic powerhouse and the center of production in Russia. Repeated bids are made to become a full member of the Hanseatic League (and potential use of the Hanseatic navy). Shipbuilding continues while the search for the dragon lands finds a new lead when in India, and follows a trade caravan to what is called the Ming Empire ... Hopefuly, they can diplomacy properly. A road is proposed from Pskov to Narva, the main Baltic port of Pskov. Pskov's influence in Lithuania is slowly waning but is still there, due to the fact of leading rebels ... anyway ... that shall stay the same for now ... In response to aid requests Pskov announces that the (admittedly) small navy and army will be there to defend the Russian land.
    • Hamburg Dip: Hamburg announces its support for Pskovian membership in the Hanseatic League.
    • The Pskov Republic was part of the Hanseatic League prior to the start of the game ... User:Edboy452 Flag of Romania Flag of German Reich (1935–1945) Flag of Israel Flag of the Soviet Union (talk) 03:03, February 9, 2014 (UTC)
    • Also, the Hanseatic League is basically gone, and has effectively been replaced by the CM.
    • The Hanseatic League still isn't a couple of imperial cities in the Holy Roman Empire. Iit also has ties in Britain and other portions of North Germany. The Hanseatic League is far from destruction. User:Edboy452 Flag of Romania Flag of German Reich (1935–1945) Flag of Israel Flag of the Soviet Union (talk) 19:54, February 9, 2014 (UTC)
    • Actually, Pskov is just a "Kontore" of the Hanseatic League, not a "Full Member" as are London and Novgorod. Also, what is the CM? what did I miss?
    • IDK - it's like GunsnadGlory's version of the Hanseatic League, even though the Kalmar Union was already made to counteract the League. I'm pretty sure CM stands for Crown's merchants. User:Edboy452 Flag of Romania Flag of German Reich (1935–1945) Flag of Israel Flag of the Soviet Union (talk) 20:04, February 9, 2014 (UTC)
    • Basically. Also, Ed, I know it still exists. I'm actually talking about its trading monopoly. Since I control the 'Øresund

, I have cut it off, and now most trade in the Baltic goes through the Crown's merchants in one way or another.

    • Oh, sorry. I only looked at the nations and cities list, not the quarters list. I stand corrected. User:Edboy452 Flag of Romania Flag of German Reich (1935–1945) Flag of Israel Flag of the Soviet Union (talk) 20:25, February 9, 2014 (UTC)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanseatic_League#Lists_of_former_Hansa_cities War Ensign of Germany 1892-1903 Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918) You want me to sign this? I'm afraid I can't do that Flag of the Holy Roman Empire Flag of Italy (1861-1946)

Yes? What about this? I am NOT SAYING the Hansa don't exist anymore, merely that their market share is now almost totally gone.

        Centriflag   Flectere si nequeos superos- Acheronta Movebo!  20:25, February 9, 2014 (UTC)

  • Castile: King Henry, now capitalising on his success in Morocco, manages to highly pacify the nobility. Taking his most trusted advisors and nobles King Henry allows his son John II named after his father now aged five, to partake in a royal education system built around helping create a stable and capable ruler rather than letting an unprepared monarch from taking power. While this is happening the trade of Castile now booming shows the economy on a sharp upswing as the flood of wealth coming from the Castilian dominated trade in gold, ivory, and other precious things coming through the Saharan routes. Along with this, the military is allowed to relax and many nobles are allowed to bring their less professional troops home. With the war in Morocco coming to a close and the treaty signed, Castile pushes its trade outpost and merchants through Morocco, Fez and the Algiers. This allows for Castile's majority domination of the area - including the Algiers - when it comes to trade. The Castilian navy is improved technologically to incorporate new weaponry and other technology. The continued designing of a rifle continues but remains highly inconclusive. Cannons, however, are now able to be domestically produced. The Christianization of Morocco now split into Fez and Morocco continues with a sizeable population of former Muslim Berbers jumping up due to the failure of "Allah" to provide a victory. Muslims still remain the majority but it is noticed that Castilians have been setting up churches or converting Mosques into churches. Rather than anger the population Castile uses only Abandoned mosques to be turned into churches. The infrastructure of Castile is also expanded more. Castile, in order to facilitate more conversions to Christianity, imposes higher taxes on non-Christians in the areas it controls personally or by proxy through its vassals. Castile expands its Canaries colony by 750 sq km. Castilian nobility unable to prevent large amounts of exodus from their fuedal estates begin to hire the men for their valued labor skills rather than keep them tied to the land. This is done to keep them around. While highly frowned upon, most of the nobles have to do this in order to produce food enough for the populace - as well as keep many things up and running and meet quotas. This allows for the beginning developments of merchants, artisans and others to begin actually making more money from their efforts.
    • Granada: Granada, gaining territory from Castile and Venetia's conflict with Morocco and its allies, begins to settle the area it took more thoroughly but is noticing settlements of Christians popping up rather than settlements of Muslims. The Christianization of Granada, however, remains relatively low as many converts or native born Castiian Christians are going to the new settlements in Morocco. The Granadan Emir begins to doubt his faith in private but maintains public face to keep morale of the Granadan people going. The economy of Granada is improved thanks to the removal of Genoan influence from the area. The infrastructure is improved as is the military's organization.
    • Fez: The new Emirate of Fez begins to reorganize itself and begins working on infrastructure to expand existing cities. The new Emir of Fez addresses his people reassuring them of their futures and with the influx of Castilian merchants he begins to see economic improvement. Fez is allowed a token amount of troops by Castile for peacekeeping. But considering the country's economic situation the Emir is more than willing to focus on the harder issues of rebuilding the country and addressing the issue of rebuilding a population that has been shattered by years of disorganization followed by a war in which their new centralized government was outright destroyed and nearly 50,000 Moroccans killed. The Emir manages to pull together funding to conduct a census and is surprised to find that Fez barely has 350,000 people with many previously leaving, or dieing. Some Fezians closer to Castilian Gibraltar begin to convert at an alarming rate but the core Islamic areas in the country remain Muslim.
    • Morocco: The new Emir of Morocco works on re-organization of the country now split in half. The country looks to the Saharan trade routes and Castilian shipping to bring in an economic revival. This is somewhat successful. Infrastructure is somewhat improved with the funds that can be scraped together and Morocco relies heavily on remaining Castilian troops to provide for its security but does raise a token force of about 5000. The Emir, an extremely open man, begins looking at ways to gain the further favor of Castile rather than watch his new country live in squalor and searches for options. The country, itself, begins to turn inward to mining iron and other minerals for Castile to also jump-start the economy more. The Christianization of Morocco is undergone with the new churches and missionaries converting people. Islam, however, remains the dominant faith. The country sees a decrease in native population as many of the most devout of unhappy with the government begin the long trek to the Muslim world.
  • The popular royal government of the Mamluk Sultanate, under the leadership of Nasir-ad-Din Faraj, continues to consolidate their new empire. The young Burji heir, al-Mansur Mostafa Hazem, continues to grow as a young child. The vassal states of Medina and Mecca both grow economically as millions complete the Hajj every year. Both states also expand 10,000 sq km each into al-Najd, working to integrate Bedouins into the mainstream of Islamic society. In Makuria, the Emir leads the push to expand to the east by 10,000 sq km by ordering the construction of a brand new city that will be on the Red Sea coast. Alodia also expands by 10,000 sq km, toward the eastern coast in order to keep up with their Makurian rivals. Both Makuria and Alodia develop closer ties to Egypt and the rest of the Arab world by a moderately successful program which relocates displaced Moroccans in the Nubian states. Bani Sulaym expands south by 10,000 sq km. Ramazan and the Karamans continue to develop good relations as they develop closer and begin to integrate preceding the upcoming heir's ascension. Business in Cyprus continues, influencing the state economically since the Mamluks are the wealthiest state in the eastern Mediterranean. From Suez, a young explorer named Halil bin Sana organizes a group to discover the coast of Africa south of Mogadishu. On his way south, he stops at the city of Mogadishu and presents many gifts. He then sails as far south as Zanzibar before returning home. On the way back, he discovers a large island off the coast of Africa (OTL Madagascar). Socotra and the other Red Sea islands continue to develop and begin to consider becoming a semiautonomous emirate. The distinct Moroccan heritage grows even stronger. Ifat grows by 10,000 sq km to fill in the gap between Ethiopia and Ifat. Ibn Khaldun leads development of the university being built in Alexandria. He continues to amass a huge library, collecting texts from around the known world; the school is set to open next year. The population boom continues, leading to development of a larger army.
  • France: Military and navy are built up, vassalage of Burgundy and Orleans continues.
    • Angouleme: Military and navy are built up.
    • Saluzzo: Military and navy are built up.
  • The Jochid Ulus continues its development of the economy and infrastructure. The cities recently built continue to grow, as do the rebuilt cities, with growth picking up in both Sarais and Bolghar. Ukek and Xacitarxan continue rebuilding, although their growth is not yet natural. Qazan, Obran-Osh, Yoshkar-Ola and Atamar-Osh also grow. The colony on the Yamal expands by 1500 sq km northward, most concentrated closest to the largest settlements, in the northwestern edge of the nation. In these areas, more and more Nenets are being settled down into towns with wide reindeer-herding practices still ocurring by the nomadic population. Reindeer meat, antlers and hides begin to appear in markets. As cotton, wheat and wine production begins to pick up pace in Kazakhstan, merchants build a small city in the northern coast of Lake Balkhash from where it can be collected. Its name is To'men. Given its proximity to the Oirats and the Timurids, the city is fortified, as is Donet'sk in the far west. Infrastructure continues to be built, to connect these cities. The purchasing of handgonnes continues. Influencing of the Circassians continues, with a few tribes beginning to join together under central rulership under Jochid tutelage. Manguday Khan agrees to the Venetian treaty from some time ago. A small group of Mordvin kuda-ti, or chieftains, begin defining their feudal borders. Temür-Hachiun turns four, and tutelage offers begin to come into Manguday's quarters. Amongst them, it stands out the tutelage of a Mordvin convert to Islam, Ali-Purgaz, a Mordvin scholar and trader who settled down in the Jochid court in New Sarai. More Mordvin and Chuvash texts are written down, and some kuda-ti begin trying to establish a more consistent compilation of stories. Islam and Christianity, however, make small inroads in the nation.
    • The Principality of Great Perm continues to grow, as its economy and infrastructure are improved. Officers are armed with handgonnes, while the way to make them begins to be researched. Kolvakvar continues to be built. Islamic priests begin to come into the nation to preach their faith, under permission of the government. However, fights soon begin between Sunni and Shi'ite priests.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice is glad for the treaty being signed and with it trade begins to flow between the territories of the Jochid Ulus to Kaffa and then to Venice.
  • Kingdom of Naples: King Ladislaus I continues the reforms. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards, and production of new boats to combat the pirates of the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The king continues sending ships to patrol the trade routes of the Byzantine Empire'.' The king continues sending help to the Papal States so he can consolidate his lands. King Ladislaus I sent an emissary to his ambassadors at the court of Pope, to ensure preserve the alliance with him. Also send a letter with his own writing, assuring that the main cause of this war was to depose the false Anti-pope. The alliance with Venice is becoming stronger. After the war all the Genoese fleet noncommercial falls under Neapolitan hands. Naples thus became a great naval power of the Mediterranean. With the founding of the new Naval Academy in Taranto, a technological agreement with Venice is requested: research of new naval technologies. The King of Naples following the advice of his personal advisers, decided to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states. Art centers are built and beautifying the royal palace begins with paintings and sculptures by great artists.
    • Ferrara: Improves the economy.
    • Mantua: Improves the economy.
    • Genoa: After the war, the former Republic of Genoa begins its reconstruction. Many areas were damaged, but the Neapolitan effort will gradually recovering. At mid-year, the change of government occurs and a ceremony will be remembered for many years the King of Naples was crowned as the new Duke of Genoa, from this title to be hereditary and linked to the King of Naples. Recovery of the economy thanks to the abundant Mediterranean Sea trade starts.
    • Corsica: Corsica that was blocked during the war begins again to improve their economy. The entire island became part of the new Duchy of Corsica, also linked to the King of Naples.
    • Zeta: Improves the economy.
    • Papal States Dip: We accept the alliance. We request that an alliance be formed with Florenec as well, to create a triple alliance.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice accepts the technological agreement and begins research on improving against newer vessels that are more effective against galleys in the Mediterranean.
  • Florence: Florence continues to improve its economy and military. As renovations of the city continue, the infrastructure is improved. More deals with the Venetians are offered, as are deals with the Milanese. The vassalization of the House of Este continue. Finalization of the House of Este will be completed in 1410.
    • Siena: Improves military and economy
    • Pisa: Improves military and economy
    • Papal States Dip: We request an alliance.
    • The UNC would like to request a trading pact.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice accepts the deals.
  • Prussia: The Prussians continue to vassalize the nations of Courland, Riga, Dorpat, and Osel-Wiek. The Prussians begin developing their economy to recover from the Polish War. The Prussians continue construction on the grand capital city of Marienburg, with Emperor Konrad intending it to be a shining jewel on the Vistula.
    • Muscovite Diplomacy: We request aid (join war) from the Teutonic Order in the case of an attack from the United Nordic Crown, they have moved troops toward the borders of Novgorod our ally from the Muscovite Crusade.
    • The UNC would like to request a military pact.
  • Masovia: The Kingdom of Masovia also continues recovering their economy, and continues building a new national army. The Masovians continue construction of their capital at Czersk.
  • Portugal continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, João I continues giving grants of land to some nobles to secure their loyalty. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Margaret of Navarra gives birth to a boy, who is named João. He dies some days after his birth. Meanwhile, Portugal accepts the Castillian offer. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries.
  • Papal States: We begin growing crops and building mines to exploit our natural resources, so as to gain more trade. Bologna is made an economic powerhouse, and we increase taxes. Fishing in the Mediterranean begins. We request an alliance with Castille, and send emissaries to Ulster requesting an alliance. To cement it, we offer them cannons. (Secret: We need them to keep an eye on England and Desmond.) Catholic missonarie are sent to the Timurid Empire with the death of Tamarlane looming. Our troops sent to support Venice in case of war with Milan are recalled. Wanting to explore Africa, despite the warnings of his concil, the Pope sends a small expedition to explore North Africa, but this time, in former Egypt. We request an alliance with Siciliy and Aragon.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: The Papal troops are welcomed and the nobles become more concretely aligned against the Milanese.
  • County of Oldenburg: The occupying force in Frisia is getting bored, and Count Christian again requests the Emperor to allow Frisia to be split between Oldenburg and Hainaut-Holland, re-iterating his argument that civilising and modernising is best done as part of an already modern country (argument is better explained in previous turns). The relatively large (for Oldenburg) amount of revenue created from the increase in trade resulting from the port improvements is used by the Count to construct a large ship of war. It will be equipped with two cannon and will be used to protect the coast from pirates and enemies. News of the proposed "coast-guarding ship" encourages more traders and trading houses to use Oldenburg as their port of choice. In other news, the count's entire family can now read and write reasonably well, and the crown prince, Dietrich, is quite good, able to read lengthy passages of the Bible to his family at night. He has even taken to writing sonnets to his beautiful young wife, Kathrin (daughter of a local noblewoman) who is with child.
  • Ethiopia: We continue buildup of our army and infrastructure improvements. We continue to expand our borders into uninhabited lands and we decide to send explorers out to seek new people. We begin to spread our religion throughout East Africa and the southern edge of the Middle East.
  • Saxon Federation: We continue exerting influence over Magdeburg. Allegiance to Roman Papacy begins to slowly decrease after its acts of war against its own brothers. We continue to build up our military. The amount of protesters of the federation significantly decreases due to overall happiness of the government. Our economy grows with new trading partners
  • The Nation of the Oirats: We begin to build our next city in OTL Western Mongolia, named Orugan. Cement increases in production and the road is finished. More beer is fermented and it becomes a popular drink for the nomads. More wheat is harvested and the alliance slowly becomes more agricultural. Due to the centralization, Orug Khan changes the name to The Nation of the Oirats. As we increase in population, we slowly target our expansion northward. We launch larger raids toward the Mongol Khanate, robbing hundreds of people back to our clan everytime. Then, we send them to settle in the North and farm wheat and barley.
    • Four Oirats D to China secret: We would like to take over Chagatai Khanate and we ask for Yongle Emperor's help.
  • Kingdom of Cuzco: Military training continues. Service remains mandatory. Road work continues to connect the various districts of the city. Food production continues. We prepare to invade the Aymaras.
    • Since they are fragmented, you could just expand into them directly, instead of using an algorithm in a situation where it will just complicate things.
Cahokian Civilisation Flag

Flag of the Cahokian Civilisation.

  • Cahokian civilisation: The internal and external threats facing the Cahokian civilisation continue to diminish due to the actions of the Cahokians. Political power within the Cahokian civilisation centralises further to Cahokia. With the elite of the civilisation residing there growing in size. Calls for some kind of central authority over the civilisation continue to emanate from certain quarters, and now the general populace at large is behind it, with members of the political elite battling to come out on top. Birdman continues his calls for the Cahokian civilisation to become an absolute monarchy, a natural evolution from the current chiefdom system, with himself on the throne. This idea is now followed by all of the elite. The Chief of Cahokia, Great Alligator, continues to support this change, but states that it should be him on the throne, as he is the current de facto leader of the civilisation and it is by extension his natural right. The majority of the population believes this change in rulership should be made; but there is still debate over who should be granted the throne. Birdman successfully forms his own house, made up of his own family members, and adoptees that have political use. This leads to the Birdman House and Great Alligator House to have equal political legitimacy. Trade between the Cahokian civilisation and Moundville civilisation continues at its maximum level for the current time. Moundville continues its irreversible reliance on the Cahokian civilisation for certain resources not found in the south. The traders of the Cahokian elite purposefully inflate and deflate the value of a number of resources on the Moundville markets once again. This further destabilises the Moundville civilisation, and damages its economy. This leads to the Moundville civilisation to develop an even larger reliance on the Cahokian civilisation. This sends nearly all Moundvillian weapon and clothing traders out of business, and they are replaced by Cahokian traders. This puts even more markets under total Cahokian control. The ‘Epic Flying Serpent Mound’ continues construction; with the main structure beginning to be built, it is now eight years from completion. Pilgrimages from the Moundville civilisation continue to the site under construction, even increasing in size. The settlements on and near the coast of the Great Lakes in the far north of the Cahokian civilisation continue to produce bountiful harvests, bolstered with fish and crustaceans caught from the Great Lakes. These settlements continue to grow in size. The population of Cahokia grows to around 47,500 Cahokians thanks to natural population growth, surpassing its own record as the most populous settlement in the Americas of all-time once again. Annual crop growth surrounding Cahokia continues to be stable, and always returns crops of extremely high quality in large numbers. This allows Cahokia and the rest of the Cahokian civilisation to always have a surplus in their food stocks. The trading of this surplus to the Moundville civilisation continues to make them further reliant on the Cahokians. The well-established trade network within the Cahokian civilization allows the various food stocks to be transported among all of the Cahokian lands. Trade routes into the eastern protrusion are left as how they are, as thanks to the filling of the gap between the main core and protrusion, they are now considered part of the main core. The monthly waste removal ritual continues within Cahokia and all the settlements within the Cahokian civilisation. The water supply canal systems within the Cahokian civilisation continue to provide a clean and reliant supply of freshwater to all Cahokians. Medicine men become prevalent within Cahokia thanks to the increasing population, and they soon become an important member of the elite. They quickly spread throughout the Cahokian civilisation. Their efforts, whilst not completely beneficial, lead to the decrease in the rate of disease speeding up significantly. The death rate within Cahokia itself and the rest of the Cahokian lands goes into an even faster freefall as a result. The Cahokian civilisation as a result is continuing to see extremely fast net population growth. The number of warriors of the Cahokian civilisation grows, and the bands they are organized into become even more controlled. A hierarchy system begins to form among the warriors, with clear cut leaders becoming apparent. Nearly all high priests of the Southern Cult continue to reside in the Cahokian civilisation. The high priests in the Moundville civilisation continue to be heavily influenced by their counterparts in the Cahokian civilisation. A massive number of Moundvillians continue to make annual pilgrimages to see the religious sites within Cahokian lands. Expansion to the east of Cahokian lands begins with fervour, with the goal of reaching and controlling a decent section of the coast within the next twelve years. The scouts in the north stay in position, and are now surrounded by forts giving them a decent defence. They meet tribal people wielding weapons of incredible strength made out of iron and copper. They quickly trade much of their food surplus to these tribal peoples to gain a large quantity of these iron and copper weapons, as well as the knowledge on how to create them. Whilst the knowledge to create copper weaponry is already known, the knowledge to create iron weaponry is not. So the purchase of the knowledge to create copper weaponry is merely to see if it could improve current Cahokian methods. These weapons and knowledge are quickly transported back to Cahokia. A number of iron workshops are built within Cahokia, and the copper workshops already within the city are provided the knowledge used to build these copper weapons, which quickly improve their methods. These weapons begin to be built on a large scale, with the iron weapons being for practical use, and the copper weapons being relegated to ceremonial use. The warriors of Cahokia as a result now wield iron weaponry, ceasing to use their chert and copper weaponry. This gives them a huge advantage in military engagements with surrounding peoples. Iron and copper begin to be traded from the Great Lakes’ settlements in large quantities to keep this production up. The trade posts on OTL Chesapeake Bay and OTL New York Bay continue to send back resources, and grow in size. More mound settlements are built around the trade posts, to house the families of the traders. The creation and stabilization of the Etowah civilisation under the Cahokian civilisation continues, and is expected to be completed in seven years’ time. A flag for the Cahokian civilisation is created, and hoisted above all the settlements of the Cahokian civilisation.
  • Japan (Ashikaga Clan): We expand our port city to fit more ships into. The 12 ships go island hopping and take 14 small islands, before getting to Taiwan. On the island of Taiwan we set up a port city and a coastal settelment. The Shogun continues to build up the navy by building more ships. The Shogun begins the building of the biggest Shinto shrine in the country. The name of the shrine is Iwashimizu.
  • Bengal Sultanate: The current Sultan of Bengal, Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah, passes away in his palace after a fever that had left him bedridden for two years. His son, Saifuddin Hamza Shah, becomes the new Sultan of Bengal, takes the title Sultan-us-Salatin and has already technically ruled for one year due to him acting as his fathers' regent the previous year. He is much different from his father, but also understands how to keep and maintain his power. Rather than destroy the economic and social laws passed by his father that he detested, he keeps them so he can hold onto overwhelming support, but he has no major plans of enacting any more tolerant reforms in his lifetime. The exportation of cash crops to Bengal's trade partners increases the economy of port cities and large farms, and the small tax on the merchant class allows for more money to flow toward the government. Sultan Hamza Shah also adds Islamic guards, poets, scribes, and advisors to his administration, "fixing" his fathers lack of them and preference of Hindu administrators. He does not remove current people in administration though. The money received from trade continues to be put toward arming the entirety of the Sultan's army, and the levies of his landed elite. The Sultan sends envoys to Orissa and Arakan, asking to form an alliance between the three nations, and also pay to help arm their armies. (Needs Mod Reponse, Please).
  • Orissa and Arakan: We agree to an alliance to counter Timurid power in eastern India.
  • Ulster: Blacksmiths begin trying to duplicate the weapons from Desmond, with varying degrees of success. The first year's worth of longbowmen (from 1400) is entered into the military, vastly swelling the numbers. We continue trading. Ulsterian merchants begin to sell their goods at the docks, to the Venetians, as this gives them the opportunity to spread their market to the wider European stage. They put pressure on the earl to redesign the docks to make the situation easier for unloading and reloading the ships.
    • Venetian Diplomacy: Venice sends several Venetian masters to assist in redesigning the dock in the hopes that the action will facilitate trade with Ulster, in return Venice asks for favourable tariffs for their goods for ten years.
  • Hainaut and Holland: The Imperial offer to permit the division of Friesland is accepted, and Wilhem pushes for the official division of Friesland along OTL division with East Friesland to go to Oldenburg and West Friesland being turned into the lordship of Frisia. The new areas acquired in Frisia are quickly organized along the same lines as Holland and efforts build up the local economy begin, with the construction and fixing of ports, along with the expansion of rights of the local nobility and merchants. The Bank of Holland establishes a local bank in the region. With Frisia now under Dutch control, a stronger position within the Lowlands is established. Wilhelm is declared Lord of Frisia, adding to his titles of Count of Hainaut, and Holland, and his claimed title of Duke of Brabant. The economy of Hainaut and Holland continue to expand with trade growing at a fast pace. Having taken over Genoan trade in Western Europe completely following the collapse of the Republic of Genoa, and with the continued faltering of German traders in Northern Europe due to the movements of the UNC Dutch traders come to dominate most of the trade in the region through the Danish crown merchants. The funds in the Bank of Holland are also quickly growing to the increased growth of the accounts of the afilliated nations (Prussia, England, Castile, etc.) the lucrative spice and silk trade through Byzantium and Venice also permits a greater trust in Dutch traders who now travel through most European ports. Hainaut metalworkers and artisans continue to produce impressive works of quality and are highly praised throughout Europe (in real life Wallonian works were considered amongst the best of Europe.) To balance the lands and to gain favor with the Brabant nobility Wilhelm declares both French and Dutch as equal languages within his domains. The expansion and rise of awareness of Dutch and Wallonian culture begins as the universities of Amsterdam and Mons give way to impressive individuals, and due to Wilhelm's great interest and investment in the arts. He commissions several artists to display the beauty of his domains, along with other works including religious works, and that of people of the region. hand cannons and cannons are continuously manufactured. The navy continues to expands to protect Dutch trade in the region and to protect against piracy. Wilhelm continous to try to gain the support of the Brabant nobility by promoting the links of the lands under his domain with that of Brabant and pointing out that a union of the lands would prove very wealthy for all members of the land. He continues to promise as well that all Brabant nobles will continue to hold their current benefits and receive greater liberties. Hainaut and Holland troops continue to hold control of the Duchy as Wilhelm tries to get the nobles to back his claim to the duchy.  (OK, I seriously need the mods to either have me declared duke or start a succession war with Antionne. I am doing all I can to gain their support and maintaining an occupation will do nothing but cause problems. If I have to fight a war, control of the duchy I have no problem but I want to move forward and know how I have to deal with Brabant.) The two daughters of Wilhelm, Jaquilene and Katrina, are growing up well and a formal education begins to raise them in the etiquette of ladyship and nobility since they will both become the wives of extremely important men. Under the guidence of Engelburt the counties are becoming increasingly well organized as he consults with the nobles and merchants in the way they wish for the estates to be ran. Engelburt requests that Wilhelm Grant him permission to create a council of the Estates to help administrate the lands as Frisia has now been added to the Count's lands, and it is assumed that Brabant will soon join as well. This request is accepted and Engelburt van Nassau creates the first Council of Estates which includes leading members of society from all of the count's lands to help adiministrate the lands. The establishment of Serfdom continues to lose strength (it is possible and happened in England, the lowlands and other places OTL in the early 1400s) as more people dedicate to other professions. Trading with Africa also begins to grow and Engelburt requests permission from Castile to establish a trading post in Morocco on a lease system (basically the land belongs to you and your vassals but I will run a small trading post and docks) to better access trade in the region.
    • Oldenburger DIplomacy: The Count accepts the proposal to
      PMIII Division of Frisia

      Proposed division of Frisia

      split Frisia between East and West, and hopes this map is acceptable.
  • The treasure fleet returns having mapped out most of the Indonesian Isles and the area around the Bay of Bengal. The Majapahit alliance request is accepted and trace via the South China Sea begins out of the Zhu River Delta. Another expedition is planned to go further south and west to map out the island of Papua and see how far the Indonesian archipelago extends and another expedition is planned to sail past India. Meanwhile, news of a new nation to the north of China raises the Emperor's interest. Fearing them to be a Mongol tribe, a small scouting expedition is sent northward to investigate. China agrees to intervene in the Chagtai Khanate if they can also expand. Dai Viet, Korea and Qara Del all work on their economies. Ming pressure in remnant Yuan areas of Qara Del and Southern Manchuria continue to influence the areas. The administrators of Liaodong continue to prepare to annex the southern part of the Jurchen nation. Meanwhile, Korea continues to seek to obtain the islands in the Sea of Japan.
  • Japan (Hosokawa Clan): The Hosokawa clan continues influencing neighbouring Daimyos and secretly sends emissaries to the Toki and Shiba clans to discuss the current Ashikaga shogun's politics. More ships are being built in order to battle the Japanese pirates, and the five already existing ships are sent to Ryukyu to defend routes there. New lumberyards and mines are being opened to create the new ships.
  • Zapotec: Emperor Tlaco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan continues expanding into the surrounding city-states north along the gulf coast.
  • Hamburg: With not enough support, the proposal for the African re supply base dies. Nevertheless, trade offers are sent to Castile. Cannons purchased for the city's defense arrive and are placed around the city, but not before molds are made to enable future cannons to be created locally. More powerful warships, both for the city's defense and to assist foreign allies, are suggested. Of the five current warships possessed by Hamburg, two are sent to the Mediterranean in an attempt to secure allies and trade partners.
  • The UNC continues to develop its military and navy. Its navy, now consisting of several dozen warships of the line, is possibly the largest military navy in Europe - certainly in the Baltic and North Sea. The last non-CM city in the Baltic - Novgorod - has some pressure put on it to declare itself a Free Port. In the Grand Council, in July, a Swedish noble makes a speech suggesting that Hamburg isn't fulfilling its treaty obligations as per the Free Port agreement. As a result, we decide to renegotiate the tribute treaty with them. We hope they will respond. The Order of the Beastslayers continues to grow, and becomes a force for the Crown, as they are often highly respected soldiers who can solve disputes that the Grand Council can not. CM trade grows. We express our support of Holland in their war on Brabant. We send a non-aggression pact to the Prussians/Teutonic order. We also start to influence HRE states near Holstien. The Grand Council assures the Novogorodians that we have NO designs on their territory, and that the troop gatherings were merely to expand farther into Saami lands. We expand farther into Saami lands, xD.
    • Hamburg (angry) Dip: Hamburg is furious that a single noble has the audacity to question Hamburg's integrity and honesty. The treaty is already outrageous as it stands, and Hamburgs economy is hurting because of it. Renegotiations are refused. As a side note, is this the same noble who claimed Hamburg as Nordic? Either if so or not, has it occurred to the Union that one or a few nobles are trying to stoke conflict between the Union and a merchant city?
    • The UNC agrees, but points out that your economy isn't hurting ... (the CM would basically have doubled your trade, though it would have pushed the Hanseatic league out).
    • I'm talking about the tax I have to pay every year.
  • Majapahit: The emperor, encouraged by the huge cash reserves, is preparing to invade the adjacent kingdom of Sunda. Various trade post in South East Asia are being build by merchants and this opens a whole new market, further increasing the wealth of the merchant. Progress is made in making better ships and it is expected to have a new ship type, with greater storage place, in three years. We send a ship full with valuable resources to China in the hope to secure an alliance and a trade agreement.
  • Bayern-Landshut: Bavaria-Landshut expands its military. Heinrich XVI continually vassalizes Bayern-Straubing as well as influences the lords of Bayern-Ingolstadt. In other news, the population continues to rise. Heinrich and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. After the University of Wurzberg is founded, Heinrich's interest is piqued and he begins planning an education system of his own in Bavaria. He meets with his council and decides to pursue the construction of a university in Landshut once the economy can support it. By 1408, the economy develops enough to support such an idea, considering the trade agreement with the French and Castilians as well as banking with Holland-Hainaut. On October 14, Queen Isabell herself issues a university charter to the city of Munich. Plans for the Queen Isabell University of Munich go underway.
  • Yemen: The Emir continues increasing the size of the navy, and now starts increasing the size of the army. He starts implementing training policies in the army to increase discipline within the army. The Emir continues to expand into the disorderly fragments of Mecca by 250 sq km. He also continues influencing the disorderly fragments of Mecca. The Emir funds a land expedition to the island of Socotra to scout the geography of the island. A trade deal is sent to the Mamluks to help promote trade between the two nations.
  • Desmond: Construction on Tomasdun Castle continues, with much of the keep being built by today, and it is considered livable by the royal family. They move into Tomasdun, however, construction on the courtyard and walls is still well underway. We plan to fill the courtyard of the castle with professionals in their art from all around Europe, and using our newfound trade money, we invite a master blacksmith, stablemaster, falconer, and cook to our new castle. Death sentences for criminals, save the worst offenders are toned down, and instead, they work in the King's wheat fields to feed the army and the laborers on his castle. As such, many more people sign up for those professions, growing the military and the castle continues to be built. Construction continues on the joint-Venetian/Desmonder port, and we continue to allow the Venetians working on the project access to local sources of material. The docks at Cork continue to be expanded to host Venetian ships. At the end of the year, a small but functional port exists southwest of Cork, and a slightly more mature one exists at Cork. We begin to attract merchants to Desmond, and although their numbers are limited, we get enough to send a shipwright up here to help with our navy. War cogs are designed, and we look to refine the Dutch hulk ships for open ocean warfare. Burke, the man who set out for Africa returns with tales of riches and a strange empire that follows Catholicism and builds their cities in a European-style. (Mil-Turn)
  • Provence: Is given a new impetus to the economy and especially trade, taking advantage of the port of Marseille. Similarly, more mercenaries to protect the royal's territories are recruited. The Count of Provence moves his influence and will control the Anti-pope in Avignon in few years. The Count starts the influence on Britanny. A military alliance is sent to Aragon and Swiss Confederacy.
  • Anjou: Follows the model of Provence and improves existing military elements.
  • Oyo Empire: The development of Oyo-Ile continues as planned, with 28% of the city's foundations laid, and 17% of the city completed, largely in the residental zones of the city. Lagos' port is a third of the way completed, and now capable of building small littoral vessels, which shall serve as the bulk of the planned fleet Oranyan has in mind. The first three ships are now under construction, with the goal of having them trade with the neighboring kingdoms underway. Elsewhere, the small ship sent off by the Alaafin carrying his Segun, has made a stop in Mombasa to purchase food and water for their trip to Egypt, where they plan to return to Oyo with goods and information. The outpost at the Cape of Good Hope begins to trade with the southern African natives. The natives show the local segun where to find the precious diamond reserves in the region, as well as gold deposits that the Oyo may be interested in. In exchange, the Oyo agree to bring weapons and foods to trade with the natives. The Christianization of Oyo continues with tens of thousands of new converts flocking to the local churches and monestaries built by the missionaries and serviced by the growing Oyo priesthood. The trade between Oyo and Castille continues to strengthen the nation as additional weapons and missionaries are sent to Oyo, and precious gems and gold sent to Castille in exchange. The literacy rate in Oyo continues to increase as the campaign to teach the subjects of Oyo how to read is spearheaded by the Alaafin himself. The military continues its modern training as well as growth, and the industrial and economical capacity of Oyo increases as the new demands for modern goods force the local economy to develop to provide the requested goods. Ife continues to be influenced by the Oyo Empire, completing the fourth year of vassalization as the chiefs and priests of Ife convert to Catholicism to gain favor with Oyo.
  • Hesse: We lose trust in the Pope as he keeps declaring war on others of the Catholic faith for seemingly no reason other than conquer. Hermann II travels to the Saxon Federation to meet with the Saxon leaders and also plans to go to Bohemia to ask in person for an alliance. He is escorted by men of the Hessisch Vorrat Regiment (Hessian Reserve Regiment) which number 1000 infantry. They fly banners of Hesse and are lead by the nobles assigned to the HRR.
  • Venetian Republic: The new Sigiƚàr Collegantia works well for bringing in a large amount of new wealth into the Roscol Bank, which in turn invests in starting its own trading fleet. To construct the fleet they request ships from the arsenal, which the Doge allows. The Dutch businessmen return home with new business knowledge and full of ideas for reforming the business laws to increase the productivity of the Dutch economy. Eco-turn < god I need more free time to write more delicious turns
    • Aegina: Develops economically.
    • Athens: Develops military.
    • Corfu: Develops military.
    • Epirus: Develops economically.
    • Kaffa: Develops military.
    • Naxos: Develops military.
    • Negroponte: Develops economically.
    • Such Venice. Very Republic. Much business. Wow Doge.
  • Austria: We train and expand our military using new experience from the war. We also begin developing hand cannons as a future weapon in warfare after seeing its implementation on a small scale. We continue influencing the states of Salzburg, Gorizia, and Patria del Friuli.
  • Aragon and Navarre expand military and infrastructure. The outpost in unorganized LIbya expands. The stabilization of Sardinia is complete and it becomes a constituent state of the Crown of Aragon. Aragon approaches Castile with a proper alliance, as opposed to the informal relation it had previously.
  • Hungary, Croatia and all the vassals of Hungary see a greater number of military fortifications made. They also increase trading with each other.
  • Poland continues to work on increasing its economic capacity, looking to rebuild from a shattered war.
  • Trier: Begins expanding military to form a formidable fighting force. We fortify our border with France in case of attack. 

​1409

A university is founded in Leipzig.

The Iroquois and the Cahokian civilisation gain the knowledge of how to work iron. (+7 in military for next 25 years, also can expand an additional 5000 km per turn for next 15 years)

  • Don't like commenting on good mod events, but the Cahokians are the one North American civilisation to have developed copper working OTL, and have long had this knowledge before the game began. So could it be changed to iron please? Especially as I have already claimed iron weapons and the knowledge to manufacture them from the tribal people mentioned in the mod event from last turn. -- Hailstormer (talk) 00:31, February 10, 2014 (UTC)

Pegu defeats Sukhothai in battle, leading to the final downfall of this long-declining state. Sukhothai is annexed by Pegu much to the ire of Ayutthaya.

Three Quimbaya caciques in OTL southern Antioquia band together in the Quimbaya Confederation.

A council occurs between several priests from across Europe, attempting to elect a new Pope both Avignon and Rome could agree to.

Trebizond, seeing the Romans beginning to rise back into stature and power, sends an envoy to Constantinople asking to become a Roman vassal in order to protect itself from its neighbours.

The Timurid empire sustains multiple revolts due to religious conflicts between the Shi’ites and the Sunnis and the Orthodox. Orthodox Georgia and Armenia and Shi’ite Azerbaijian and Mazandaran rise in revolt. Minor Shia sects in Persia also work with the Azerbaijanis to impede the Timurid response. Seeing the revolt and the potential for greater power, a charismatic general revolts and seizes Tabriz and much of Northern Persia. With Timur incapacitated, the results look to split the empire in four. Taking advantage of the chaos, Erzincan declares independence from the Timurids while the Jalayirid King and the Emir of the White Sheep Turks raise an army of mercenaries from the Ottoman Empire with the intention of reclaiming their lands. They encourage the Mamluk Sultanate and the Ottoman Empire to help them in their plight.

  • This event has not been agreed upon on the page, and has several issues. Therefore, it is not in effect and will not be until amended.
  • Just because you are a mod and you disagree with the event does not mean you can cross it and impeach me for bias. I'm sorry this timeline isn't all rosy for your Timurids atm. But you have overexpanded. You've conquered Persia and half the Middle East in 20 years. With Timur losing his health and authority it's time you lost territory. Scandinator (talk)

The Kanem Empire loses control over much of the nation's east with the Darfur people breaking away. With the desertification of the north, it, too, is abandoned leaving a rump state around the shrinking remains of Lake Chad.

An earthquake strikes near Lisbon. No damage is recorded but the populace is shaken and dozens are killed in a stampede.

The Shiba daimyo crumbles with the Northern portion annexed to the Shogun and the southern portion being taken by the Oda clan.

Louis of Orléans is assassinated after a previous attempt two years ago. John “the Fearless” of Burgundy is suspected but his name is cleared after an investigation. However, due to the allegations, Burgundy and Orléans look to be on the verge of war. When Charles VI of France hears the news, he clucks at the messenger and waddles out of the throne room, pantless. Secret alliances within the French sphere set to pit the Houses of Berry and Orléans with the main Valois branch against the Burgundians, Bourbon and the Armagnacs whom also seek the English hand of alliance. England is promised Normandy and influence over Brittany and all of Poitou and Guyenne if they would help in the likely upcoming war. Foix stabilizes and offers help to either side if they will help them reclaim lands seized by the Aragonese.

The nation of Oyo begins to suffer religious unrest between its many Pagans and new Christian converts. These culminate in a series of honor killings between Christians and Pagans.

  • There were no Muslims in Oyo in 1400. There weren't any Muslims in Oyo in 1700. Heck, there were barely in Muslims in Oyo State in 2000! It was one of the few nations in West Africa that was still animistic throughout its history. Islam never progressed south of the Sahel in OTL. There weren't any Muslims beyond that for a LONG time. You can look this mess up on Wikipedia for Christ's sake. "Unlike the great savannah empires, of which Oyo may not be called a successor since it was a successor of Ife, there was little if any Muslim influence in the empire.[20] It is known that at least some Muslim officials were kept in Metropolitan Oyo,[39] and men capable of writing and calculating in Arabic were reported by French traders in 1787." ~Viva

Seeing that the Holy Roman Empire has arranged alliances with far-eastern nations with no particular connection, but the Emperor let Genoa be taken without punishment, the Christian peoples of Germany and Bohemia begin to criticise their rulers, calling them fake Catholics. Leading this critics is the Bohemian Jan Hus, who opposes the Catholic corruption. Some of the HRE states even decide to support the Avignon Papacy in protest of Holy Rome’s inaction toward fellow members of the faith, stating “if the Holy Empire does not support the Holy Church then it is worthless”.

Ainu people raid the northernmost daimyo of Japan, Date, as they begin to feel threatened by the Japanese shogun’s aggressive policies, which might indicate an unified Japan in the far future. They thusly begin to join together to form an organised kingdom in the southern third of Hokkaido.

Realizing that he has too little support in Brabant, and his support in the rest of Europe restricts itself to his vassals and Philip of Nevers, Antoine of Rethel ceases to pursue his claims in Brabant, for now.

The Jurchens are forced eastward and northward by the Ming occupation of OTL Liaodong, Jilin and Southern Heilongjiang areas. The area under Ming occupation is carved out into a Sinofied tributary state while the remaining Jurchens to the north adopt a style of living akin to the Mongols. The Jianzhou Jurchens continue to remain fiercely independent but are forced eastward to the coastline.

A woman in Vienna begins dancing in the streets of the city. Within days, a few hundred join together. Many suffer of heart attacks and broken ribs and die. This is another outbreak of the mysterious choreomania, or dancing plague.

The Tutul Xiu of Uxmal continue centralising, as the northwestern third of the Yucatan becomes firmly theirs.

The Council of Pisa takes place. In an effort to end the Western Schism, the current Pope and the Anti-pope are deposed. A new Pope, John XXIII, is placed on the Papacy. Rather than fix the western Schism, however, this decision only worsens the problem.

  • Had to cross it out. We can't have the same event twice (see fifth event), Genoa already tried to do the same thing, and there's already a John XXIII in Rome.--Collie Kaltenbrunner (talk) 06:08, February 10, 2014 (UTC)'
  • Brabant-Hainaut-Holland: With Antione renouncing the duchy of Brabant no other claimants exist to the title and Wilhelm is widely accepted as the Duke of Brabant. The occupation of Brabant is officially ended and all promises to the Brabant nobility are kept, their rights and privileges are expanded and Brabant is welcomed into the Council of Estates founded a year ago with the Statholder being chosen by the Brabant nobility. The Bank of Holland expands into Brabant. To further comply with his promises Wilhelm moves his seat of power from Mons to Brussels and begins implementing the laws which had been passed in his other estates in Brabant which greatly promotes the very skilled Wallonian artisans and metal workers in the duchy. Cannon and hand cannon production is greatly increased, and plans to build up a university in Antwerp and Brussels are set about. Dutch merchants continue to dominate western European trade while Dutch banking grows ever stronger with the growing wealth of the region. To keep the lands stable Wilhelm reaffirms his support of the church and the Holy See, though unofficially the merchants and aristocracy of the estates continue to grow distant from the church which has had several issues and the constant purchase of repentences, and the growing corruption call in question the ideals of the current church even amongst many of the clergy in the estates who have been exposed to a growing environment of education and question (renaissance era questioning). Also, efforts to distance from the Holy Roman Emperor and align the estates more with Denmark, Castile and England continue. Economic influence over Flanders begins once more. and influencing over Guelders grows as it is disorganized and lacking strong authority. expansion of coastal infrastructure in the lordship of Frisia grows. The navy grows as more shipwrights are now availible. The levy is cancelled and the men return home. The Hague starts to grow in importance along with Rotterdam and Amsterdam. a small standing army is maintained of 5000 men while levying laws are adjusted to accommodate the new lands. Cultural growth continues in the estates. Trading with North Africa grows, and the lucrative trade with Byzantium pushes Wilhelm to request the possibility to rent a dock in Constantinople to increase the efficiency of trade between Amsterdam and Constantinople. Production increases. We also claim that the division is along OTL divisions (so basically, the one you made but look modern Netherlands and Germany border for reassurance).
  • Florence: Florence works on its military and economy. As the renovations in Florence continue, the infrastructure improves. During this time, the House of Este is prepared for the final steps of vassalization. Forts around Florence are constructed in case of attack.
  • Prussia: The Prussians continue to vassalize the nations of Courland, Riga, Dorpat, and Osel-Wiek. The Prussians begin developing their economy to recover from the Polish War. The Prussians continue construction on the grand capital city of Marienburg, with Emperor Konrad intending it to be a shining jewel on the Vistula.
  • Masovia: The Kingdom of Masovia also continues recovering their economy, and continues building a new national army. The Masovians continue construction of their capital at Czersk.
  • Principality of Tver: Tver continues to build the trade network through Russia. Tver prospectors scanned the Ural Mountains for resources. Upon scanning the Ural Mountians Tver prospectors discover some curious stones and gems littered around. Tver mines start opening up on the northern half of Ural and the government requested that the profits of such operations must be distributed evenly through out the greater Russia.
  • The Kingdom of England: Ties with Scotland and the Irish states continue to grow. England begins seeing an influx of wealth due to investments in the Bank of Holland and the Roscal Bank of Venice. England, in a gesture of goodwill, calls of English pirates to stop attacking French vessels as part of the cease-fire. Hand cannons are purchased en masse from abroad. The government continues to unify. Weapons and armour are shipped to both Irish kingdoms. Percy and Henry of Wales defeat Owain Gydwyr at Aberystwyth. The Kingdom of England begins to formally the process of unifying the isles. France is approached without the King's knowledge in a proposal to end this mad war. The King's popularity plumets as he begins to go insane, he recently begins to accuse members of the parliament for trying to depose him. In a fit of rage he orders parliament disbanded. The House of York begins to use this as an excuse to replace the king. The King's health begins to rapidly deteriorate this year as the combined stress of war and the loss of his family to what has been called as the "Lancaster Curse". Those that support the House of York begin to gain more favour as the king continues to lose his mind. This year a major celebration occurs as Owain Glndwyr is deafeated and executed by England. Cheers erupt throughout the kingdom as the bitter decade long war has finally drawn to a close. The government begins the process of rebuilding infrastructure in the region. Desmond and Ulster are asked if they are willing to sign the Articles of Union in the coming year. The cities of London and York begins to see upgrades to security and infrastructure. England's military is expanded. The English heavily oppose the provisions brought by the Pisa council and begin to consider rejecting the current Pope, after feelings that rome is not satisfying the needs of not just England, but that of the West.
    • Wales: The Prince of Wales orders celebrations throughout Wales as the remaining rebel forces are rounded up. The Archbishop of Wales rejoins the English in support for the Roman Pope. Infrasturcture and the military is updated as construction on a new port near Swansea is devised.
    • Crown Dependancy Dublin: Dublin expands its influence and massively rebuild its port to accommodate the influx of Venetian merchant ships. Ulster and Desmondic whiskey becomes a popular export from the city.
  • Wallachia: Mircea I is pleased with the new road improvements. However, the recent war with Poland revealed to him how weak the Wallachian army really is. Therefore, he orders development into better crossbows for his soldiers. These new crossbows, when they are ready, must be in widespread service in the next few years. The new trade route with Muscovy is turning its first profits, and the existing trade route with Hungary is also profiting nicely. Iron production grows, slowly replacing iron imports. Salt continues to be the major export, and Wallachian salt dominates the Black Sea salt trade. Both the Venetians and the Muscovites are thanked for their support.
    • Moldavia: Venetians are thanked for their support in our naval expansion. The upgrades are complete, and the two vessels started last turn are completed. The master shipbuilder is of great help, and has begun teaching several Moldavians the art of shipbuilding; the prince hopes to have more ships completed by 1410. Prince Alexander of Moldavia declares that any Venetian ship, in need of emergency assistance, will receive it from Moldavian ports so long as he lives.
  • Andorra: Andorra and Foix wish to be annexed by Castile and sends emissaries to ask.
    • Do I even need to point out the impossibilities of this?
  • Grand Duchy of Moscow: Influence ends on the nations of Oka, Rostov and Yaroslavl as they are now our vassals and one step closer to a unified land of the Rus’. Influence continues to spread to Pereslavl-Ryazanski (one more turn 'til vassalage). Economic expansion continues as farms are expanded, as well as mines. Blacksmiths are constructed in the new Moscow Kremlin, increasing the production of metal based goods. Road work continues with the nation of Tver.
  • Hamburg: Hamburg is put in a difficult position, while it has an alliance with Novgorod, the treaty with the UNC mandates it to remain neutral. Hamburg, as a result, sends the three warships it has north of Europe, to the Baltic Sea, and places them between Novgorod and Union waters, officially a neutral stance. With her ships in such a position, their told to head home if a war starts. Hamburg decides its best not to mobilize its troops, but is prepared to do so.
  • Roman Empire: The Emperor is pleased and surprised by the offer of Trebizond, and happily accepts the idea of the two Roman nations reconciling their previous differences. Manuel III of Trebizond travels to Constantinople, where he is honored by Emperor Manuel II of the Roman Empire. In addition, Manuel III is awarded the title of Strategos of the Black Sea and Despot of Pontus. Despite these titles, Manuel III still technically rules separate from the Empire, but acknowledges Manuel II's de jure lordship. The two also agree to a future marriage between Manuel II's son John and Manuel III's daughter Maria. To test their new relationship, the two nations send their forces to occupy the disordered Emirate of Sinope. The combined forces land in Sinope and overwhelm the city in days. Following this, the combined troops spread throughout the country to pacify any more Turkish forces. By using the native Greek inhabitants, this is done by the end of the year, and the Emirate is taken. The ruling Isfendiyarid dynasty is pardoned and allowed to continue to live in the former Emirate as low-ranking nobles. The existing territory is renamed the Despotate of Paphlagonia. After the battle, it is determined that 20 of the Emirate's ships are still fit for service, and as such they are pressed into the Roman navy. The shipyards of Sinope are put to use, and by the end of the year, thirty more ships are constructed, bringing the total in the navy up to 80. Ten of the ships are gifted to Trebizond for their help in the attack. The Empire begins to become wealthy once more from trade in ports like Famagusta, Sinope and once again Constantinople. This wealth is used to renovate many of the buildings in Constantinople, especially housing, as the city's population is rising once again. The new relationship with Theodoro continues to expand as trade with the nation increases. The royal family proposes a marriage with the King of Naples now that its remaining daughter Maria is of age. This is done to expand the relations the Empire currently has with western Europe. The family also goes through a small period of mourning, as its youngest son Michael dies of an illness.
  • Iroquois Confederacy: With the United Confederacy versus the Mohawk and Oneida tribes learning the secret of iron working, the Confederacy seeks to make new weapons of this powerful material. Even with only the best warriors of the Confederacy with iron weapons (all that the Confederacy can afford at the moment), already huge strides are made against the warmongers. Exhaustion on all sides begins to set in, but the Confederacy swears to see the war to its conclusion with all of Iroquois unified.
  • Portugal continues a notable buildup in military strength and allows for a vigorous training program on the existing military forces attempting to train them up heavily. Meanwhile, the administration continues to be reformed, and agriculture and commerce are encouraged. Meanwhile, Portugal continues to develop its navy. Meanwhile, Margaret of Navarra gives birth to a boy, who is named Afonso. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders continue visiting the Castilian settlements in the Canaries.
  • France: With the death of Louis, John takes over the French title, and enters the city of Paris. However, he enters in a simple and humble act to gain the support of the people. He offers a truce to the Valois main course and their allies and offers them alike his predecessor a truce to jointly rule over France, He also denounces that helping the English is betrayal and withdraws its offer and instead seeks to gain the favour of Castile and the other French states. He chooses to aim at Aragon's gains in Southern France and to aid Foix in case of war with Aragon. He pronounces the words "Shall our broken nation be once again united, not by the strongest, nor the mightiest shall we unite under one unique banner. Shall the people of France rise and make their nation the glorious nation we once were, Shall France be united, By the peoples will, by God's will!". Military, economy, navy are built up and the nation begins expanding toward the south to avoid Aragonian expansion farther north.
    • What did I tell you back when you asked me if this could happen? You can't have this happen. Charles VI is still alive, and John is the son of the last son of Jean II. This makes no sense from a successory standpoint and can be seen as nothing but a blatant usurpation of the throne.
    • Burgundy: Following the claiming of the title of king of France by John, Burgundy enters officially in personal union with France (after nine years of vassalage), Military, economy and navy are built up. The army prepares for longer civil war in France and begins expanding into Flanders through French territory allowed now by the French government of John.
    • Orleans: Many within the territory begin to side with John after his words. However, many still suspect him to be the original killer of Louis. Within the territory - although recognizing French domination - many continue to openly call him John "the Bastard" or John "the Killer", Military and economy are built up (after nine years of vassalage).
    • Saluzzo: Sides with John on his campaign to unify France, Military and economy are built up
    • Angouleme: Military and economy are built up, they decide to go with John as he seems to represent the strongest French leader currently.
    • Aragon declares that it will not expand anymore north and will relinquish land north of the Pyrenees (anything north of the OTL Spanish borders) in exchange for France recognizing Charles III as the legitimate king of Sicily.
  • Can someone pinpoint me the locations of Orleans and Angouleme? I want to see if I can merge them into one state. Sine dei gloriem "Ex Initio Terrae" (talk) 06:50, February 10, 2014 (UTC)
    • They don't border each other.
  • '​'County of Oldenburg: The Count and the whole nation rejoices on getting the news of Emperor Rupprecht's decision of Frisia. The occupying force withdraws to the Oldenburg sector, and the Count gives small plots of land to whatever soldiers wish to stay there with their families. Many take up the offer. Work is completed on the Coast-guarding Ship, and many hundreds of people line the docks to watch it depart on its maiden tour of duty around Oldenburg's coast and its Frisian Islands. The Lord High Constable of Oldenburg's Army recommends to the Count and Council that small forts be set up on each of the Frisian Islands. They would only need to be one small tower with only about ten men on each. Christian V and his Council are generally welcoming to the plan, seeing as Oldenburg doesn't quite muster very large finances, the project has to be put off until at least next year. Crown Prince Dietrich turns 11, and is taken on his first falconing trip by his father the Count.
  • Papal States: Fishing becomes a prime export of the Papal States, and we hope to expand our fishing routes. We send an expedtion to explore, and mabye colonizes, Eygpt. We request an alliance with Florence, Aragon, Castilie, and Oldenburg. All our mines continue to exploit natrual resources such as iron and coal. Influence continues on Lombardy, and we also try to get some footing in Cyprus. We offer an alliance with the Timurd Empire, and Moscow and Novogrod are also asked for an alliance. The Pope names this the "Grand Alliance of Europe", and hopes they accept. Bohiemna is given the offer of an Alliance as well. Military development continues, and infasturce is improved and constructed across the States.
    • *Double facehoof* Seriously? you, the Pope, asking for an alliance with heretics and heathens, while at the same time trying to go to war with the Mamluks?
    • The Mamluk Sultanate kindly reminds the Papacy of our existence in OTL Egypt. We stress that we are not to be "colonized", but we are willing to let the Papacy have complete access to the Holy Land.
    • The Papal States apologizes for this, and accepts.
  • The powerful royal government of the Mamluk Sultanate, under the leadership of Nasir-ad-Din Faraj, wraps up the consolidation of the new empire. The young Burji heir, al-Mansur Mostafa Hazem, continues to grow as a young child. The vassal states of Medina and Mecca both grow economically as millions complete the Hajj every year. Both states also expand 10,000 sq km each into al-Najd, working to integrate Bedouins into the mainstream of Islamic society. In Makuria, the Emir leads the push to expand to the east by 10,000 sq km by ordering the construction of a brand new city that will be on the Red Sea coast. Alodia also expands by 10,000 sq km, toward the eastern coast in order to keep up with their Makurian rivals. Both Makuria and Alodia develop closer ties to Egypt and the rest of the Arab world by a moderately successful program which relocates displaced Moroccans in the Nubian states. Bani Sulaym expands south by 10,000 sq km. Ramazan and the Karamans continue to develop good relations as they develop closer and begin to integrate preceding the upcoming heir's ascension. Business in Cyprus continues, influencing the state economically since the Mamluks are the wealthiest state in the eastern Mediterranean. Halil bin Sana returns from his voyages with loads of ivory and spices native to the Southern realms he has just explored. He is welcomed back to Suez as a hero, unaware that his fame had quickly reached both the Sultan and Ibn Khaldun. bin Sana ends up making shorter trips to Alexabdria and Cairo before returning on a second voyage. This time he brings five vessels and over 100 missionaries and diplomats. In Zanzibar, diplomats and traders make agreements while in Madagascar, the natives are taught by the missionaries in a small colony set up at the northern tip of the island. Since Mogadishu is vital to shipping in the region, the Sultanate begins to vassalize Mogadishu. Socotra and the other Red Sea islands continue to develop and continue to be considered, both locally and from the Sultan, to be considered as a semi-autonomous emirate. The distinct Moroccan heritage grows even stronger. Ifat grows by 10,000 sq km to the south. Ibn Khaldun and the Sultan open the University of Alexandria, and clergy, diplomats, scientists and traders are invited to attend the School of Islam, the School of Business, and the School of Science. The population boom continues, leading to development of a larger economy. The developments on Timurid Persia lead to many calling for war, yet for now the Sultan only allows his army to be used as mercenaries to reclaim Syria and Baghdad.
    • I thought I told you about the impossibilities of vassalizing Cyprus. So, as I was saying before: your nation is Muslim. They won't have friendly diplomatic relations with you. And plus, aren't Somalia, or Madagascar, for what matter, too far away for you?
    • It requires more than one turn to vassalize a nation. From what I have been told, you did it in one for each.
  • Novgorod: We continue the production of Koch boats, cannons, hand cannons, advanced crossbows, swords, and composite bows. The swamp town of St Patriksburg’s population is growing but at a slow progression. The nation’s training and advancement of military continues. We expand north (by 8 pixels) into undiscovered land. A new redesigned Koch boat has been finished researching and we start production of the new Koch boat. This new Koch boat will be able have hand cannons fired off the ship. More and more research has been put into a Koch boat with the ability to both fire hand cannons and regular cannons. We continue the talk of unifying the Rus’ with Muscovy. More schools have been introduced to the Russian language. The construction of the Kremlin in St Patriksburg is expected to be completed in the year 1414. We continue helping Tver with the construction of the trade road.
  • Japan (Ashikaga Clan): The Ashikaga clan continues influencing neighbouring Daimyo's and secretly sends ambassadors to the Isshiki, Hatekeyama, and Imagawa clan to talk about joining the empire and defeatig the evil Hosokawa clan. There is a conspiracy going around saying that the Hosokawa clan wants to assassinate the Emperor. The 12 ships come back from their exploration of the islands. New map of the islands are made. The captain of one of the ships tells the Shogun that they set up a port city and other settelments on Taiwan for trading. A map of Taiwan is made. All of these new maps go to the military for future explorations. Silver is found in our mines. Silver is now the most used product besides silk, cotton, noodles, and rice. The Shogun continues the building of the biggest Shinto shrine in the country. We inrease our navy by adding more ships and cannons. We upgrade our military by adding more troops and begin the use of wick guns in our military by our troops. Wick guns are now being mass produced in our factories.
    • I'm sorry but that makes no sense. First off, calling someone evil sounds a bit silly and childish IMO, but what is more important, the Emperor is just de jure leader, it doesn't at all influence anything. I don't get this -Sky
    • Hosokawa Diplomacy: The Hosokawa clan denies all rumours, claiming that it has been created by the Ashikaga's due to their Shogunate losing popularity recently which was caused by the overly aggressive politics of the Shogun
  • Bengal Sultanate: The current Sultan of Bengal, Saifuddin Hamza Shah, continues to increase support for himself, not by enacting tolerant reforms such as his father did, but rather by decreasing taxes on the landed elite and the merchant class, both in support of more free trade and to gain the support of the peasantry by the belief that landed elite will lower their own taxes against the peasantry since they have to pay less themselves. The quota system remains in place so that cash crops exported to certain nations remain the same price and do not lower too far because of overproduction. Influence continues on Orissa and Arakan, maximized now due to the alliance, the military access, and the fact that they trade almost exclusively with us. Trade continues to grow the Bengali economy, and the money gained from said trade continues to arm the various levies of the Bengal Sultan, the landed elite, and Orissa and Arakan.
    • Bengali Diplomacy: The Sultan offers Orissa, Arakan, Yemen, and Ming China a gift of gold, and exotic giraffe's.
    • Ming Diplomacy: A ship filled with silks, tea and Chinaware is added to the treasure fleet and destined for Bengal. Ming China hopes to form a lasting alliance.
    • Hindu Orissa and Buddhist Arakan remain alert with their independence. However, the northern portions of their nations are more readily influenced. In Orissa, there are reports of clashes in the north between Muslims and Hindus giving Bengal a casus belli to intervene. However, Vijaynagar will likely defend its northern ally.
  • Grand Empire of the Timurid Dynasty: The Empire continues to build domestic projects and roads. The military is built up and more cannons are built. The population continues to boom, and Amjad continues to plan for his reign. Stocking up of food continues.. Draka turns seven years old. The population continues to boom. We continue to influence Ladakh, (Year Seven). Influencing of Kashmir and Kangra continues (year three). Construction of the Black Sea fleet continues, and it has roughly four dozen warships. The Timur has a medic appointed outside his doors at all times. The Emperor is enraged by the rebellion, and asks the Ottomans and Malmuks to keep with the treaties. Troops are sent to crush the rebellion, and with the Timurids allies sending troops, the rebellion begins to be crushed. It is decided to release Armenia as a vassal however, and Georgia is given almost complete autonomy, even being allowed to reform itself as a Christian Duchy. Amjad captures several leaders of the rebellion, although those in Syria, already granted heavy amounts of autonomy, is given even more, and in a treaty officially returned to the Malmuks. The Kingdom of Mesoptamia is established, and it is given full independance to avoid war. Mesoptamia and the Timurids soon sign a peace treaty, while Syria, now being returned to the Malmuks is there problem. The Duchy of Armenia is allowed to freely be Christian, so long as it remains being allied.It is decided to crush the rebellion in the main parts of the empire first, and then vassals. General Muhammed Abul, the same man who took northern Persia, is brutally put down, with him being executed by being ripped apart limb by limb. Thus securing Persia under the empires control, while the Indian regions are stationed with several occupation units. The Empire also invades Azerbejian, being pushed back but eventually moving forward and crushing the enemy forces, all of which are slaughtered. The leader of the rebellion is executed by being fillayed, while his and all Azerbejiani royalty are executed. More may be added later.
    • ​Sultanate of Delhi: Building of public works continues, while the military is built up and the economy is worked on. Investments from the Timurids are helping nicely as well, helping to rebuild roads and connections within the country. Stocking up of food continues. Troops are sent to crush the rebellion
    • Duchy of Armenia: Happy with the newfound independance, the Armenians are happy with there newly Christian ruler. He sends troops to help crush the rebellion and thanks the Timurids for there newfound freedoms.
    • Kingdom of Mesoptamia: Happy with newfound independance, the throne is offered to the Yemeni royal family, with it taking the throne in August as Muhammed I. Troops are sent to crush the rebellion.
    • Sultanate of Multan: Military is built up, and stocking up of food continues. The Sultan agrees to build a road to connect Delhi to the Ersincans, as well as allow new traders from other nations. Troops are sent to crush the rebellion
    • Emirate of Jangledesh: The Emir continues to build roads around the country, as well as military installations and new forts across the land. Food continues being stocked up. Troops are sent to crush the rebellion.
    • Emirate of Sind: Sind continues to build roads around the country, as well as military installations and new forts across the land. Food continues being stocked up. Troops are sent to crush the rebellion.
    • Kingdom of Georgia: Building of public works continues, while the military is built up and the economy is worked on. Investments from the Timurids are helping nicely as well, helping to rebuild roads andconnections within the country. Stocking up of food continues. Troops are sent to crush the rebellion With the Christian king back on throne, dissent reduces dramatically.
    • Sultanate of the Eastern Turks: The military is built up, while public works continue throughout the country. Stocking up of food continues. Troops are sent to suppress the rebellion.
  • Timurid Diplomacy: We ask all nations to help suppress the rebellions within the Timurid Empire, we promise rewards to those who help us, including gold and trade privileges as well as resources. We ask the Golden Horde, the Ottomans, the Oriats, and the Romans for aid.
  • Ulster: The next crop of longbowmen is ready to deploy. We continue expanding in all directions. We continue to encourage peasant boys to train with the longbow, from the age of 7. The castle is defendable, although not complete. Renovations begin on the docks, and the docks currently used only for alcohol business are used for all trade.
  • The Ming Empire continues to work on its vast treasure fleets. Two fleets are sent out this year, the larger to the fabled lands of Aifeirika where it has been heard that they build mountains as tombs instead of tombs in the mountains. The second fleet is sent to Indonesia and Papua with the mission of opening regular trade and relations with the South East Asian kingdoms. China seeks a trade outpost in the archipelago and asks Majapahit if they would be interested in assisting each other in potential wars in the region. Korea, Qara Del and Haixi Jurchens work on their economy. A vast party is thrown for the 16th birthday of the Dai Viet Kingdom. Emperor Yongle personally travels south to meet and talk to him reaffirming the eternal alliance and friendship of the Ming and the Tran Dynasties. Emperor Yongle is sad to see that the vassalisation agreement is coming to an end with the coming of age of the Vietnamese king in two years but looks forward to an era of prosperity.
  • Castile: King Henry, now capitalising on his success in Morocco, manages to highly pacify the nobility. Taking his most trusted advisors and nobles King Henry allows his son, John II named after his father now aged five, to partake in a royal education system built around helping create a stable and capable ruler rather than letting an unprepared monarch from taking power. While this is happening the trade of Castile now booming shows the economy on a sharp upswing as the flood of wealth coming from the Castilian dominated trade in gold, ivory, and other precious things coming through the Saharan routes. Along with this, the military is allowed to relax and many nobles are allowed to bring their less professional troops home. With the war in Morocco coming to a close and the treaty signed, Castile pushes its trade outpost and merchants through Morocco, Fez and the Algiers. This allows for Castile's majority domination of the area - including the Algiers - when it comes to trade. The Castilian navy is improved technologically to incorporate new weaponry and other technology. The continued designing of a rifle continues but remains highly inconclusive. Cannons, however, are now able to be domestically produced. The Christianization of Morocco now split into Fez and Morocco continues with a sizeable population of former Muslim Berbers jumping up due to the failure of "Allah" to provide a victory. Muslims still remain the majority but it is noticed that Castilians have been setting up churches or converting Mosques into churches. Rather than anger the population Castile uses only abandoned mosques to be turned into churches. The infrastructure of Castile is also expanded more. Castile, in order to facilitate more conversions to Christianity, imposes higher taxes on non-Christians in the areas it controls personally or by proxy through its vassals. Castile expands its Canaries colony by 750 sq km. Castilian nobility unable to prevent large amounts of exodus from their fuedal estates begin to hire the men for their valued labor skills rather than keep them tied to the land. This is done to keep them around. While highly frowned upon, most of the nobles have to do this in order to produce food enough for the populace - as well as keep many things up and running and meet quotas. This allows for the beginning developments of merchants, artisans and others to begin actually making more money from their efforts. Castile accepts the envoy from hungary to discuss the issues between our two countries
    • Granada: Granada, gaining territory from Castile and Venetia's conflict with Morocco and its allies, begins to settle the area it took more thoroughly but is noticing settlements of Christians popping up rather than settlements of Muslims. The Christianization of Granada, however, remains relatively low as many converts or native born Castiian Christians are going to the new settlements in Morocco. The Granadan Emir begins to doubt his faith in private but maintains public face to keep morale of the Granadan people going. The economy of Granada is improved thanks to the removal of Genoan influence from the area. The infrastructure is improved as is the military's organization.
    • Fez: The new Emirate of Fez begins to reorganize itself and begins working on infrastructure to expand existing cities. The new Emir of Fez addresses his people reassuring them of their futures and with the influx of Castilian merchants he begins to see economic improvement. Fez is allowed a token amount of troops by Castile for peacekeeping. But considering the country's economic situation the Emir is more than willing to focus on the harder issues of rebuilding the country and addressing the issue of rebuilding a population that has been shattered by years of disorganization followed by a war in which their new centralized government was outright destroyed and nearly 50,000 Moroccans killed. The Emir manages to pull together funding to conduct a census and is surprised to find that Fez barely has 350,000 people with many previously leaving, or dyng. Some Fezians closer to Castilian Gibraltar begin to convert at an alarming rate but the core Islamic areas in the country remain Muslim.
    • Morocco: The new Emir of Morocco works on re-organization of the country now split in half. The country looks to the Saharan trade routes and Castilian shipping to bring in an economic revival. This is somewhat successful. Infrastructure is somewhat improved with the funds that can be scraped together and Morocco relies heavily on remaining Castilian troops to provide for its security but does raise a token force of about 5000. The Emir, an extremely open man, begins looking at ways to gain the further favor of Castile rather than watch his new country live in squalor and searches for options. The country, itself, begins to turn inward to mining iron and other minerals for Castile to also jump-start the economy more. The Christianization of Morocco is undergone with the new churches and missionaries converting people. Islam, however, remains the dominant faith. The country sees a decrease in native population as many of the most devout of unhappy with the government begin the long trek to the Muslim world.
  • ​Majapahit: Military builds up (tomorrow more).
  • Japan (Hosokawa Clan): The Hosokawa clan's first fort is finished, in the north eastern part of the land, along with five new ships. The plan to catch pirates is partially successful and the pirates are then imprisoned and forced to work in mines until their sentence is over. Some Japanese pirate ships seem to have valuable loot, which is taken by the Clan in order to fund their projects.
  • Milan: Work continues on the Certosa di Pavia, the Castle Visconteo, and on the extensive Milan Cathedral. We continue training a proper standing army, utilizing Swiss mercenaries and local recruits. With border disputes now settled between the nations of Austria and Switzerland, we continue opening friendly relations with both nations in hopes of repairing our diplomatic relations and protecting our northern border. We begin constructing cogs and galleys to strengthen our navy and protect our interests on the seas.
  • The Government of Genoa in Exile sets up the exile government in the Republic of Lucca, a state that Genoa has influenced for a long time. The Doge, Allessandro Germano, begins a secert campaign to create and support major rebellions in former Genoan possesions. Influence of the Luccan government by the Doge continues.

(Mil-turn)

    • ​Sorry, but the Doge Allesandro Germano is living at the court of Naples, has a house on the outskirts of town and is guarded by a bodyguard that prevents communication with the outside. All members of the Governing Council of the former republic of Genoa were made prisoners, and their lands were confiscated and passed to the control of the new Duke. The possibility that a government is formed in exile is impossible. Quashi (talk) 21:44, February 10, 2014 (UTC)
  • ​Chiribaya: We continue to build our small fortifications and continue to train soldiers.
  • Kingdom of Naples: King Ladislaus I continues the reforms. Continues the construction and improvement of shipyards, and production of new boats to combat the pirates of the Mediterranean. Territorial defense continues being built based on border forts. The king continues sending ships to patrol the trade routes of the Byzantine Empire. The king stops sending help to the Papal States. The alliance with Venice is becoming stronger. The new Naval Academy in Taranto is glad about the technological agreement with Venice. The King of Naples following the advice of his personal advisers, decided to give new impetus to the culture within the kingdom and its vassal states. The King accepts the proposal of the Byzantines, and at the month of February, the wedding between Ladislaus and Mary is celebrated. Mary with only 15 years is shown as a good wife, and by mid July, the pregnancy of the new queen is announced.
    • Ferrara: Improves the economy.
    • Mantua: Improves the economy.
    • Genoa: The former Republic of Genoa continue the reconstruction. Many areas were damaged, but the Neapolitan effort will gradually recovering. Recovery of the economy thanks to the abundant Mediterranean Sea trade starts.
    • Corsica: Improves their economy.
    • Zeta: Improves the economy.
  • Mangut Nivkhgu: Mang Hungut's nascent empire continued to grow in this year, expanding another 1000 sq km up the Amur river. Centralization took place, although without many of the tools available to other states, and a smal bureaucracy was set up. Rumors circulate about Master Wu and and Master Ifalsp'eḑ, with many believing them to have perished, although many believed they were still very much alive and seeking an audience with the Chinese Emperor (which they were, according to most documentation). Some rumors are said to have claimed that they had become pastry chefs in Beijing, a rumor which persist until this day given the importance of pastry in Nivkh culinary culture. However, as archaeology suggests that neither oranges, nor bananas nor poppyseed would arrive in the empire anytime soon, it is highly unlikely that the Nivkh "Tiger's Hand Pastry" was developed by Master Wu and Master Ifalsp'eḑ - despite the august protestations of many modern Nivkh pastry chefs. Awaiting MING CHINESE response.
  • Venetian Republic: With the Roscol Bank growing in power, many Nobles feel threatened, however, due to its influence feel unable to challenge the Doge or its leaders. Eco-turn < tomorrow, I promise.
    • Aegina: Develops economically.
    • Athens: Develops military.
    • Corfu: Develops military.
    • Epirus: Develops economically.
    • Kaffa: Develops military.
    • Naxos: Develops military.
    • Negroponte: Develops economically.
  • Desmond: Construction on Tomasdun Castle continues, with it projected to be done in a few years. People working the King's grain fields continue to feed the laborers on the castle and the port, which will be named Ballydrogheda. The fledgling Desmond navy continues to be built up, with several war-cogs added into service. We manage to secure an old hulk ship from the Low Countries, and our master shipwright will evaluate its ability to be seaworthy. Meanwhile, the Queen gives birth to a baby boy named Eamon. Trade continues, and the manor system continues to be implemented within the realm. We express displeasure at the current situation of the church as we are stuck between a church that declares war on Christian nations for no reason and offers alliances to Muslims (Rome), and a church that has denounced England, our ally (Avignon). We fear that eventually, the worst may come to the worst. Iron and other materials continue to be refined into armor, crossbows, and longswords. Drinking songs rise in popularity within Desmond. We tell England that we would like to sign the Articles of Union. However, we will require:
    1. ​Control over Ormond and Westmeath.
    2. The Articles acknowledging the eventual unification of Ireland (save Dublin). OOC: I will probably hand local control over Ireland when I am done unifying it, as I would like to play as an Irish colony.
    • ​English Diplomacy: England would like to remind Desmond that the first requirement was already met after the Dublin Conference. England accepts the eventual unification of Ireland.
  • Bayern-Landshut: Bavaria-Landshut expands its military. Heinrich XVI completes the vassalization of Bayern-Straubing, and he continually influences the lords of Bayern-Ingolstadt. In other news, the population continues to rise. Heinrich and his council continue to allow the training of new troops. After the University of Wurzberg is founded, Heinrich's interest is piqued and he begins planning an education system of his own in Bavaria. He meets with his council and decides to pursue the construction of a university in Landshut once the economy can support it. By 1409, the economy develops enough to support such an idea, considering the trade agreement with the French and Castilians as well as banking with Holland-Hainaut. In January, the curriculum for the university is written, including extensive classes in French, English, Latin, and Greek, as well as clergy training. By November, construction on the building itself gets underway.
  • The UNC continues to develop the military and navy. New training regimes are put into place, and a new weapon, popularized by the Beastslayers, called the Dødsfald Bæster (Death of Beasts), a halberd-like weapon, only with a shorter pole - just six feet long - and with blades on both ends. It can be used as a spear, an axe or as a whirler, and takes extreme skill and coordination. We continue to assure the Russians that we have NO intentions of annexing them. The CM continues to grow, both inside and outside the Baltic. Within the Baltic the last major non-CM Free Port is the city of Novgorod, but it is decided that war is not a good option, and that peace in our time is likely. We ask for a military pact with Prussia. We also request a trading pact with Venice. With yet another Pope being elected, furor erupts in some cities, as people dispute whether to support the Avignon Pope, the Roman Pope, the Pisa Pope, or to remain neutral. A tiny minority wish in fact to leave the church entirely. We propose a pact with Desmond and England. The hand cannon's usage in the military spreads. We continue to vassalize nations around Holstein and Hamburg.
  • Trier: Continues to expand military. We use experience from the war in Poland to train our army and prepare it in case of an attack against our own territory. After viewing discontent among German peasants across the empire, our ruler vows to take a more proactive stance in defending the empire in the future, mostly for his own preservation. We continue to influence the County of Sponheim.
  • Yemen: The Emir continues increasing the size of the navy and the army. He also continues improving the training drills for the army to help increase discipline in the army. The Emir also continues to fund any exploration into the South. The Emir also continues expanding into the disorderly fragments of Mecca by 250 sq km. He also continues influencing the disorderly fragments of Mecca. He also decides to start influencing the Emirate of Oman. The Emir also continues to fund land expeditions to the island of Suqutra. He also starts funding land expeditions to as-Sumal. The Emir also accepts the gifts from the Bengal Sultanate and sends a gift of coffee and incense back as a message of thanks for their gift.
  • Austria: We train and expand our military using new experience from the war. We also continue developing hand cannons as a future weapon in warfare after seeing its implementation on a small scale. We continue influencing the states of Salzburg, Gorizia, and Patria del Friuli. We offer to ally with Bremen, Luneburg and Lübeck in an effort to strengthen ties in the north and increase trade in our nation.
  • The Jochid Ulus expand 2000 sq km northward in the Yamal, concentrated mainly on the northwestern edge of the nation, where most of the settlements have been built. Reindeer meat and fur continue to growing as commodity products. The settling down of the Nenets continues. Diplomats are sent to the Timurids with gold and gifts, but no proper aid. Internally, people also begin to settle at increasing rates, with the cities growing very quickly as the natives continue to settle down in the areas. The economy continues booming, with both Ruthenian production and Volga trade increasing through the year. The growing cities that have been rebuilt continue to be connected by new roads. Insights into the development of gunpowder and handgonnes continues. Temür-Hachiun begins receiving tutoring from Mordvin and Tatar members of the court at Saray. The ulus continue disbanding as the Mongol chieftains settle down, and begin making their appanages' borders more clear than tribes. The Mordvin and Chuvash mythos continue to be scripted down. Conflict between Catholics, Orthodox, Sunni, Shi'ite and reformed Pagans begin.
    • The Principality of Great Perm continues rebuilding its military and economy. Kolvakvar continues rebuilding. Conflict between Christians and Muslims of both denominations continues.
  • The Hungarian King Sigismund continues to organise the lands of Bosnia into a more efficient system for his nobles. He hopes to achieve maximum control over the lands through his nobles and he promotes their attempts to get the peasants to work more efficiently. Continous good harvests have led to the creation of a surplus of grain - which begins to be stored up as well as taken to Poland and sold by merchants who are aiming to not only earn a profit but also feed the peasants who are having a hard time due to the economy. Banu Sulaym officially becomes a vassal - after signing a vassalage agreement with Hungary. The nation was under the influence of Hungary for a long while until most if not all of the land was bought under the control of the Emir. Another 40 new ships have been produced by the dockyards of Croatia, as the pace picks up but money is still needed for other things and so not as many ships are built. Merchant ships continue to travel past Gibraltar and the diplomat meets with the Castilian King to discuss matters of trade (Feud can decide outcome). A small number of naval vessels patrolling the coast for an invasion, but this grows with more ships arriving from docks the fleet off the coast strengthens. Merchant ships now use Byzantine ports to trade and earn money in, helping expand the influence of Hungarian merchants. The checkpoint castles are a great help in housing troops which are patrolling routes of both nations as well as wealthy and influencial merchants and nobles travelling between the nations. Sigismund continues to send a large number of Ducats into the nation to keep the Poles on the route of upgrading their economy. He has joint army secessions for both nations as they practice with each other to learn each other's strengths and weaknesses. Diplomats successfully build more economic links and both nations increase the amount of trading done with each other as traders from both nations head into each other's nations. This is new for many merchants who would have never thought of travelling to Hungary to trade as relations with Poland-Lithuania used to be cold - at best. Fortifications on the Ottoman border continue and Slavs die in the thousands as the workforce builds fortifications in large numbers. The Bosniac workforce continues to be used to build heavy fortifications against the Ottoman border and the nation is trying to build as much as it can. Sigismund holds his "council of esteemed nobles" and he discusses with them matters concerning Hungary and its vassals and Personal Union states. This helps give him an insight as to what is currently happening all around the nation and he plans to use this to expand his influence within the nobles. He also now knows that the southern nobles want him to expand the borders of the vassals to the south to bring order to the disorderly territories due to the fact they are a safe haven for raiders as well as the fact the lands are needed to provide better opposition to the Ottomans. He deals with the vassal in the south, which promises to keep in line with his plans and rulings. In the personal life of the King, another event takes place. His wife, Sophia, becomes pregnant once more and gives birth to twin daughters. Sigismund is happy with his two little darlings and spends a lot of time with them. His son, now 4, is also growing up quickly and Sigismund plans to have him educated in the top subjects to make him an effective leader.
  • The Kingdom of Croatia continues to see a large trading boom occur within the nation as it becomes the gates of the Hungarian realms and helps to attract customers and merchants to the nation as well as Hungary. A large numbers of workers has meant that the ports now near completion and will be able to accommodate more traffic as well as build ships at a faster rate. The Venetian workshops are being built in Croatia and the nobles await excitiedly. A tariff for merchants trading is also in place but it is put at favourable levels with none for the Venetians due to the new alliance between the states and the amount of trading between them. Sigismund runs the nation through nobles and can run it better being back at the capital at the end of the year. The areas for the new Venetian workshops are cleared and a small subsidy for Venetian traders is put in place, which begins to entice hundreds of them to arrive and help in the construction through trading.
  • In Garay all castles have now been completed, although thousands of workers were killed due to the pace the castle was being built at. It was a harsh necessity - thinks Sigismund. Many nobles from Garay gain land and they use this land to help increase crop yields as well as the amount of trading ongoing between each of the nobles. The money is sent as taxes and used to upgrade the standings of the nobles themselves. The nation also uses half of the Moscovite force to expand its borders rapidly by 10,000 km - seizing raider territories harshly and swiftly.
  • In Split, the nobles begin to work on creating standing armies to manage and controlling their lands. Castles continue being built in the vassal while many old ones are completely torn apart and their land allocated for peasants. The soldiers of the nobles who were executed are dstributed between the present nobles and they quickly begin to adapt - training with their new fighting partners.
  • Bosnia also sees a lot of economic growth. The nation expands 10,000 km into the disarray to bring it under the control of the nobles who are looking for more land and people to work them.
  • The Kingdom of Poland sees the beginnings of recovery as Hungarian merchants arrive in full force to trade within the nation and help provide the things the common man of Poland so badly needs. This helps to begin to bring the economy out of the drain and Sigismund begins to organise large loans for Poland, which the current King of Poland appreciates and hopes it will get his economy moving again. To make sure more trading occurs, the Polish King slightly lowers tariffs for Hungarian merchants. Their troops train with Hungarian troops too.
  • Cahokian Civilisation: The internal and external threats facing the Cahokian Civilisation continue to diminish due to the actions of the Cahokians. The internal threats are now little in number, with the majority of the problems facing the Cahokians now being from the outside. Political power over the whole of the Cahokian Civilisation is now firmly centralised in Cahokia. The Cahokian elite have now become the political elite of the whole civilisation thanks to this change. The new civilisation wide political elite answer the calls for an absolute power over the civilisation, as the whole population is behind it. A ceremony is held where Chief of Cahokia, Great Alligator, is crowned Chief of the Cahokian Civilisation. This provides the first absolute power over the whole of the Cahokian Civilisation. This greatly angers the House of Birdman, as they believe it adds legitimacy to Great Alligator’s claim to the possible future throne of a Cahokian Kingdom. This also heightens their calls for an absolute monarchy, and makes their calls for Birdman to have the throne even louder. The House of Great Alligator opposes these claims, and state that this ceremony was held to only better the Cahokian people, by creating an absolute power to guide the civilisation. However, they do state that this ceremony does further legitimise his claim, whilst debasing that of Birdman. Trade between the Cahokian Civilisation and Moundville Civilisation continues at its maximum level for the current time. Moundville continues its irreversible reliance on the Cahokian Civilisation for certain resources not found in the south. The traders of the Cahokian elite purposefully inflate and deflate the value of a number of resources on the Moundville markets once again. This further destabilises the Moundville Civilisation, and damages its economy. This leads to the Moundville Civilisation to develop an even larger reliance on the Cahokian Civilisation. This sends nearly all Moundvillian religious symbol traders out of business, and they are replaced by Cahokian traders. This puts even more markets under total Cahokian control. The ‘Epic Flying Serpent Mound’ continues construction; with the main structure beginning to be built, it is now seven years from completion. Pilgrimages from the Moundville Civilisation continue to the site under construction, even increasing in size. The settlements on and near the coast of the Great Lakes in the far north of the Cahokian Civilisation continue to produce bountiful harvests, bolstered with fish and crustaceans caught from the Great Lakes. These settlements continue to grow in size. The population of Cahokia grows to around 50,000 Cahokians thanks to natural population growth, surpassing its own record as the most populous settlement in the Americas of all-time once again. Annual crop growth surrounding Cahokia continues to be stable, and always returns crops of extremely high quality in large numbers. This allows Cahokia and the rest of the Cahokian Civilisation to always have a surplus in their food stocks. The trading of this surplus to the Moundville Civilisation continues to make them further reliant on the Cahokians. The well-established trade network within the Cahokian Civilization allows the various food stocks to be transported among all of the Cahokian lands. The monthly waste removal ritual continues within Cahokia and all the settlements within the Cahokian Civilisation. The water supply canal systems within the Cahokian Civilisation continue to provide a clean and reliant supply of freshwater to all Cahokians. Medicine men continue to be prevalent within Cahokia thanks to the increasing population, and they retain their positions as important members of the elite. They remain spread throughout the Cahokian Civilisation. Their efforts increase, and they become more proficient in effective medicine, speeding up the decline in disease rates. The death rate within Cahokia itself and the rest of the Cahokian lands goes into an even faster freefall as a result. The Cahokian Civilisation as a result is continuing to see extremely fast net population growth. The number of warriors of the Cahokian Civilisation grows, and the bands they are organized into become even more controlled. A hierarchy system is now completely clear, with warriors following the orders of those above them. Nearly all High Priests of the Southern Cult continue to reside in the Cahokian Civilisation. The High Priests in the Moundville Civilisation continue to be heavily influenced by their counterparts in the Cahokian Civilisation. A massive number of Moundvillians continue to make annual pilgrimages to see the religious sites within Cahokian lands. Expansion to the east of Cahokian lands continues with fervour, and now with the use of iron weaponry, is expected to reach and control a decent section of the coast within the next five years. We expand 15,000 sq km outward from the eastern protrusion as a result. The scouts in the north stay in position, and are now surrounded by forts giving them a decent defence. Iron and copper continue to be traded from the Great Lakes’ settlements in large quantities to keep the production of weapons and ceremonial items at its current high rates. The trade posts on OTL Chesapeake Bay and OTL New York Bay continue to send back resources, and grow in size. More mound settlements are built around the trade posts, to house the families of the traders. The main groupings of these settlements are on OTL Staten Island in OTL New York Bay and the site of OTL Norfolk on OTL Chesapeake Bay. The creation and stabilization of the Etowah Civilisation under the Cahokian Civilisation continues, and is expected to be completed in six years’ time. A simple message is sent to the Chief of Moundville offering the chance to become a vassal peacefully, or to otherwise face severe consequences, we await a response.
  • Ottoman Empire: The Empire continues vassalization efforts in the Middle East, beginning with the Karamanids. Meanwhile, the navy and army are improved, and the newest ships travel to the Crimea to try to establish trade efforts with the Golden Horde. News reaches the Sultan that rebellions are beginning in the Timurid Empire; despite pleas for Timurid support, the Sultan decides to stay neutral in the conflict, and may even consider aiding the rebellious nations in the near future based on previous alliances and political issues (the Ottomans would not be acting in aggression with the Timurids, as was agreed to in the Treaty of Ankara.) The Sultan does recognize the fact that many of his men were taken by the White Sheep Turks to help aid them in battle, but does not make an issue of it. He encourages the Romans and/or Venetians to become involved in the defense of the Christian nations of Georgia and Trebizond, so that the Ottomans can be more concerned in the conflict within the Muslim nations.
  • Pskov Continues to grow its economy, and while overtall improvement and literacy are now more promoted, and getting richer, the governement decides to use all the new tax money they got to build a large shipyard complex at Narva and try to expand Hannseatic trade through many things. Koch type boats are asked from Novgorod, and building of course, so that trade can go around Norway and bypass that silly Orsund. After starting building their own Koch, Pskov asks Novgorod if they want to participate. The Veche votes that there should be a Pskovian Princely (knyazeshkiy) mint should produce ducat-like coins. Anyway, military is built up quite a bit, with a new armory opened and many swords and crossbows. The Travelers in the Dragon lands (using three interpreters: Russian-Tatar, Tatar-Indian and indian-Manderin), ask China for designs to treasure ships, while waiting for reply, they hike a ship to the land called "Nippon", and learn of an extremely sharp sword and, as foreigners, are (hopefuly) invited to the ruling Shogun or emperor's palace. When they return they describe in their journals about a sharp sword that can cut through anything, even flesh and armour whith a whim, and capes that can stop arrows(samurai warrior equipment), the "Okatanaya" sword, strikes them extremely surprising in the art of its wielders, causes them to draw this blade. Anyway, a reply is awaited from the MIng Emperor on the status of treasure ship design for the merchants of Pskov ... for mercantile purposes in the Baltic, and ask for things about who once flew them (I'm talking about Jong-Ge). Anyway, count this as military ... since economic progress from last turn used to military upgrade.
    • Novgorod Diplomacy: We accept your offer to buy ships from our nation, and offer to sell you a few older Koches created in the last few decades for its standard price.
  • Oyo Empire: Oyo continues to expand and develop its lands by 10,000 km. Industrial and economical growth continues as planned, especially with a surge in trade outside of the empire. The city of Oyo-Ile continues to grow, with 39% of the city's non-critical facilities completed. The port of Lagos is nearing the half-way point of its construction, and constructon on the first caravel of the empire is to begin. The segun sent off by the Alaafin dock in Yemen to trade goods with the locals, they seek to open relations with the people and gain a trade deal so as to see both nations profit. A noble from Oyo has been accompanying the segun to help to with the political aspects of the journey.
  • Aragon, Navarre and Sardinia expand the military and infrastructure. Northward expansion is halted and Charles III attempts to prevent war with the French and legitimize himself and his heirs as the monarchs of Sicily. The outpost in Libya expands, now having taken control of the whole coast, as well as a bit inland.
    • For a few years don't you think that's a tad much on how much you have in Libya?
  • Zapotec: Emperor Tlaco expands Danibaan's influence in the surrounding city-states by way of the Zapotec Alliance. Roadways connecting cities in the alliance help merchants and soldiers move more freely between them. In the coastal regions under Danibaan's influence, more boats are created. Tlaco orders more to be manufactured to bring in goods from the sea. Daibaan continues expanding into the surrounding city-states north along the gulf coast.

Footnotes

Archives List
15th century 16th century 17th century 18th century 19th century 20th century 21st century
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